Hawking Technologies HAWNU2 User manual

Hawking Technologies HAWNU2 User manual
USER’S MANUAL HI-GAINTM USB WIRELESS-150N
WINDOW ADAPTER
with RANGE AMPLIFIER
website www.hawkingtech.com
e-mail [email protected]
tech support 1-888-202-3344
© COPYRIGHT 2010 HAWKING TECHNOLOGIES,INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
HAWNU2
LIMITED WARRANTY
Hawking Technology guarantees that every HAWNU2 Hi-GainTM USB
Wireless-150N Window Adapter with Range Amplifier is free from physical
defects in material and workmanship under normal use for one (1) year
from the date of purchase. If the product proves defective during this
two-year warranty period, call Hawking Customer Service in order to obtain
a Return Authorization number. Warranty is for repair or replacement only.
Hawking Technology does not issue any refunds. Hawking Technologies is
not responsible for freight fees for items shipped to Hawking Technologies.
BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE. RETURN
REQUESTS CAN NOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT PROOF OF
PURCHASE. When returning a product, mark the Return Authorization
number clearly on the outside of the package and include your original
proof of purchase.
IN NO EVENT SHALL HAWKING TECHNOLOGY’S LIABILTY EXCEED
THE PRICE PAID FOR THE PRODUCT FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING
FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, ITS ACCOMPANYING SOFTWARE
OR ITS DOCUMENTATION. Hawking Technology makes no warranty or
representation, expressed, implied or statutory, with respect to its products
or the contents or use of this documentation and all accompanying
software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance,
merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. Hawking
Technology reserves the right to revise or updates its products, software,
or documentation without obligation to notify any individual or entity.
Please direct all inquiries to: [email protected]
COPYRIGHT
Copyright ©2010/2011 by Hawking Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part
of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical,
manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of this company.
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or
implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any
warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software
described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is". Should the programs prove
defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this company, its distributor,
or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any
incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software.
Further, this company reserves the right to revise this publication and to make
changes from time to time in the contents thereof without obligation to notify any
person of such revision or changes.
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operating in conjunction
with any other antenna or transmitter.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This EUT is compliance with SAR for general population/uncontrolled exposure
limits in ANSI/IEEE C95.1-1999 and had been tested in accordance with the
measurement methods and procedures specified in OET Bulletin 65 Supplement
C.
The equipment version marketed in US is restricted to usage of the channels 1-11
only.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of March 9, 1999 on radio
equipment and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition
of their conformity (R&TTE)
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC
(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment)
As of April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install
and use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric
shock and static electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines
of this and of the computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to
ensure the safe use of the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
EU Countries not intended for use
None.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 PRODUCT INFORMATION ..........................................................................1 1.1 Introduction and safety information ...........................................................1 1.2 Safety Information ........................................................................................1 1.3 System Requirements .................................................................................2 1.4 Package Contents ........................................................................................3 1.5 Familiarize with your new wireless network card ....................................4 2 INSTRUCTIONS FOR WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM ....................5 2.1 Driver & Software Installation .....................................................................5 2.2 Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows 7 ......................................7 2.3 Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows Vista ................................9 2.4 Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows XP/2000 ....................... 11 2.5 Hawking Wireless Utility ............................................................................13 Launch the Hawking Wireless Utility ........................................................... 13 Hawking Wireless Utility Overview .............................................................. 14 Scan for Other Wireless Devices ................................................................. 15 Connect to an Access Point.......................................................................... 18 Add an Access Point to Profile ..................................................................... 21 Profile Management ....................................................................................... 27 Advanced Settings ......................................................................................... 31 View Network Statistics ................................................................................. 33 WMM Setting................................................................................................... 35 WPS Configuration ........................................................................................ 36 CCX Configuration ......................................................................................... 42 Radio On/Off ................................................................................................... 44 About ................................................................................................................ 46 On-line Help .................................................................................................... 47 2.6 Using Windows Zero Configuration .........................................................47 3 INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAC OPERATING SYSTEM .............................51 3.1 Driver & Software Installation ...................................................................51 3.2 Connecting To Your Wireless Network (Mac 10.5 or later) ..................53 3.3 Connecting To Your Wireless Network (Mac 10.3~10.4.9) ..................55 3.4 Configure IP Manually vs. Automatic (DHCP) .......................................57 3.5 Hawking Wireless Utility for Mac OS X ...................................................58 Site Survey ...................................................................................................... 58 Profiles ............................................................................................................. 59 Configure Profile ............................................................................................. 59 Link Status ....................................................................................................... 62 Statistics ........................................................................................................... 63 Advanced ......................................................................................................... 63 WPS ................................................................................................................. 64 About ................................................................................................................ 66 4 Mounting Instructions ...............................................................................67 4.1 Suction Mount .............................................................................................67 4.2 Magnetic Mount ..........................................................................................68 4.3 Desktop Mount............................................................................................68 4.4 Wall Mount ...................................................................................................68 5 6 7 Product Specifications ..............................................................................69 Troubleshooting ..........................................................................................70 Glossary ........................................................................................................71 1
PRODUCT INFORMATION
1.1 Introduction and safety information
Thank you for purchasing this high-speed wireless network card! The HAWNU2
Hi-GainTM USB Wireless-150N Window Adapter is backward compatible with wireless
802.11b/g. This wireless card is capable of transfer data at speeds of up to 150Mbps,
three times faster than 802.11g wireless network. In addition, the built-in 13dBi Patch
Antenna and Power Amplified helps booster your wireless performance up to 600%
compare to a standard wireless 802.11g network.
With easy-to-install USB 2.0 interface - a very common expansion port of computers plug this wireless network card into any empty USB port of your computer, just that
simple!
Other features of this wireless network card include:
 High-efficiency antenna expands the scope of your wireless network.
 High-speed data transfer rate - Up to 150Mbps.





Supports Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) Quality of Service (QoS) and Wi-Fi
Multimedia Power Saving (WMM-PS)
Work with 802.11b/g/n wireless networks.
Supports major encryption methods like WEP, WPA, and WPA2
encryption.
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected) configuration option available – simply push a
button or entering an 8-digit code ( you must connect to a WPS
supported network)
USB 2.0 interface - you can get it installed on your computer in just few
seconds!
1.2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the following
safety instructions:
1. This USB wireless network card is designed for indoor use only. DO NOT
expose this network card to direct sun light, rain, or snow.
2. DO NOT put this network card at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or
bathroom. Also, do not leave this wireless network card in the car in heat.
3. This network card is small enough to put in a child’s mouth, and it could cause
serious injury or could be fatal. If they throw the network card, the card will be
damaged. PLEASE KEEP THIS NETWORK CARD OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN!
1
4. This network card will become hot when being used for long periods of time
(This is normal and is not a malfunction). DO NOT put the network card on
paper, cloth, or other flammable objects after the network card has been used
for a long time.
5. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the network card. If you find that the
network card is not working properly, please contact your dealer of purchase
and ask for help. DO NOT disassemble the network card by yourself, warranty
will be void.
6. If the network card falls into water, DO NOT USE IT AGAIN BEFORE YOU
SEND THE CARD TO THE DEALER OF PURCHASE FOR INSPECTION.
7. If you smell something strange or even see some smoke coming out from the
network card, switch the computer off immediately, and call dealer of purchase
for help.
1.3 System Requirements

An empty USB 2.0 port (USB 2.0 Port is recommended to maximize your
wireless performance. Performance will be greatly reduced with a USB

1.1 port)
Windows 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, and 7 operating system
Mac OSX 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, and 10.6
CD-ROM drive

At least 100MB of available disk space


2
1.4 Package Contents
Before you start to use this wireless network card, please check if there is anything
missing from the package.
1. HAWNU2 Hi-GainTM USB Wireless-N Adapter (1 pc)
2. 4-in-1 Mounting Kit (Desktop, Suction, Magnetic and Wall Mount)
3. 5 ft. USB Extension Cable (1 pc)
3. Quick Installation Guide (1 pc)
4. Driver/Utility/User manual CD-ROM (1pcs)
Contact your dealer of purchase to claim for any missing item listed above.
5
3
1.5 Familiarize with your new wireless network card
1. USB Connector
2. Link/Activity LED
2
Face this side (3
embedded waves design)
toward your wireless
source.
Hawking logo locates here
(Antenna Source is facing the opposite
side.
Be sure to face the opposite side
1
toward your wireless source.)
Adapter Status
LED Status
Description
Radio Off
Off
Wireless LAN function is disabled.
Radio On
Off
No link to wireless AP or Router
(No Link)
Flashing
Transmitting management information.
Radio On
On
Link to wireless AP or Router
Flashing
Transmitting data or management information.
(Link to AP or
Router)
4
2 INSTRUCTIONS FOR WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM
2.1 Driver & Software Installation
Please follow the instructions to install your new wireless network card:
1. Insert device driver CD-ROM
into the CD/DVD-ROM drive of
your computer, and execute
‘Setup.exe’ program. Please
read the end user license
agreement and click ‘I accept the
terms of the license agreement’
then click ‘Next’ button, to
accept license agreement.
2. Select ‘Install driver and
Hawking Wireless Utility’. Click
‘Next’ to continue.
Note: If you are using a
Window Vista or 7, you may
select ‘Install driver only’ since
we recommend that you use the
Windows Wireless Network
Configuration and not the
Hawking Wireless Utility.
5
3. Select ‘Install’ to begin the
installation.
4. The install wizard will prompt you
to insert the USB Adapter into
your PC. IGNORE the message
for now. Select “OK” to continue.
(It is recommended to finish
installing the driver before
plugging in the Adapter.)
6
5. Please wait while the install
procedure is running. When
Install Wizard completes, please
click ‘Finish.’
6. Now, insert the Adapter into an available USB Port. Be sure to face the side with
three imprinted waves toward your wireless source.
2.2
Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows 7
(It is recommended that you use the Windows Wireless Utility for Windows 7 and
Vista)
1. Wait a few seconds until your system detects the new hardware (Adapter).
2. A Found New Hardware screens may show up at this point, select “Locate and Install
driver software (recommended)”. Then, your system will automatically locate the
software and complete the driver installation process.
7
3. Click on the Network and Sharing Center icon
from your system tray (bottom right on your
screen). A list of available wireless networks
will appear. Select a wireless network that you
wish to connect to.
4. If you are connecting to a Security-enabled
Network, your system will prompt you to enter
your security key. If you don’t have the security
key, please contact your network administrator or
the person who set up the selected wireless
network.
5. If you are not connected to a security enabled
network, you system will proceed to the next step
and connect automatically.
8
2.3
Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows Vista
(It is recommended that you use the Windows Wireless Utility for Windows 7 and
Vista)
1. Wait a few seconds until your system detects the new hardware (Adapter). A
Found New Hardware screens may show up at this point, select “Locate and
Install driver software (recommended)”. Then, your system will automatically
locate the software and complete the driver installation process.
2. Click on the Network icon from your system
tray (bottom right on your screen). If you can’t
locate the Network icon, go to Start menu and
select “Connect To”.
3. Select a Network and click Connect. Please wait until the adapter connects.
9
-
If you are connecting to an
unsecured networking, select
Connect Anyway.
-
If you are connecting to a
security-enabled Network, type
in the network security key or
passphrase. If you do not have
the security key or passphrase,
please obtain it from your
network administrator.
4. You are now connected to a wireless
network. To save this specific network
for future access, select Save this
network.
5. Select a location or you may customize
the name and location type, etc.
10
6. Close the Set Network Location when
you are done.
2.4
Connect to a Wireless Connection: Windows XP/2000
Note: Installation was performed on a Windows XP system. Install Screen may
vary slightly, but the installation steps should be similar on a Windows 2000.
1. Plug-in the Adapter into your USB port if you have not done so. Be sure to face
the antenna side (with three waves) toward your wireless source.
2. A Welcome to the Found New
Hardware Wizard screen will guide
you through the rest of the
installation. Select “Yes, this time
only” and “Next”.
3. Select “Install the software automatically (Recommended) and wait until the wizard
installs the software.
11
4. When the wizard finishes installing
the software, select “Finish”.
5. After the driver is correctly installed, it will try to connect to any un-encrypted
wireless access point automatically. If you want to connect to a specific wireless
access point, or the access point you wish to connect uses encryption, you have to
configure the wireless network card and input required parameters, to get
connected to the wireless access point you wish to connect.
6. After installation is complete,
Hawking wireless configuration
utility will be shown in the system
tray (lower-right corner of your
windows system). Click on the icon
to open up the Hawking Wireless
Utility. (Note: Hawking Wireless
Utility is recommended for Windows
XP and 2000 users.)
12
2.5
Hawking Wireless Utility
There are two ways you can configure your HAWNU2 Adapter to connect to a
wireless access point: 1. Using the Hawking Wireless Utility/Hawking
Configuration Utility or 2. Using the built-in Windows Zero Configuration Utility
(also known as the Windows Wireless Utility). If you are using Windows XP or
2000, it is recommended that you use the Hawking Wireless Utility. If you’re using
Windows Vista or 7, please use the Windows Zero Configuration/ Windows Wireless
Configuration.
Launch the Hawking Wireless Utility
When you want to configure your wireless
connection, please right click on this icon,
and a popup menu will appear. You can
click ‘Launch Config Utility’ to start
configuration program.
NOTE: If you accidentally exit from the Config Utility by selecting ‘Exit’ from the
menu, you can start Config Utility again by going to ‘Start Menu  All
Programs  Hawking Wireless-N Amplified Adapter folder HAWNU2
Wireless Utility icon.’
13
Hawking Wireless Utility Overview
Hawking HAWNU2 Wireless Utility will launch, and begin to scan for all wireless
access points automatically. The Wireless Utility is separated into three parts:
 Menu
Setup
Area
 More
Information



Menu: includes the following the following tabs (Profile, Network, Advanced,
Statistic, WMM, WPS, SSO, CCX, and more)
Setup Area: displays information corresponding to the menu above (i.e. profile,
network, etc)
More Information: displays additional information related to the selected menu
allows you to expand or contract the
and set up. The arrow option
additional information area (see example below).
14
Tip: If a setup item requires more information to complete the setup procedure, the setup
utility window will expand automatically.
Scan for Other Wireless Devices
There are two kinds of wireless connection mode: Infrastructure and Ad-Hoc.
Infrastructure mode is used by wireless access points, which is able to establish wireless
connection for you and other wireless / wired network clients. Ad-Hoc mode is also known
as ‘point-to-Point’ mode, and in this mode, wireless devices such as computer or PDA
will not be able to establish wireless connection with more than one wireless device, and
is suitable for establishing a one-to-one wireless connection between two wireless
devices.
Before you can connect to any wireless access point or device by infrastructure or
Ad-Hoc mode, there are two things you must know:
Wireless device’s ‘SSID’ (Service Set Identifier, some will call it access point’s name.
You can scan for the SSID of other wireless devices nearby, but if the SSID of the
wireless device you wish to connect is hidden, you must know exact SSID before you can
establish connection with it.
If the wireless device you wish to connect uses encryption, you must know its encryption
key.
Launch the Hawking setup utility. The Utility will automatically scan for wireless
access points nearby. (Make sure in the menu area, you are on the Network tab)
15
A
-
B
C
D
E
Scan results will be displayed similar to the image shown above. Now, check if the
wireless device (access point or another computer) with the SSID you wish to
connect to is shown here.
Scan result includes 6 types of information, they are:
A
The SSID (Service Set Identifier) of wireless device. If nothing is displayed
here, it means the SSID of this wireless device is hidden.
If a
symbol
appears in front of the name of a wireless device, it means you’ve established
a connection with that wireless device.
B
The type of this wireless device and the channel number of this wireless device.
Means this wireless device is an access point
Means this wireless device is a computer (Ad-Hoc mode, point-to-point
connection)
C
The wireless standard supported by this access point is displayed here.
‘n’ for 802.11n
WPS icon
, ‘g; for 802.11g
, and ‘b’ for 802.11b
.
will appear when the access point supports WPS. If the access
point uses encryption, a key icon
will appear.
Note: When the access point supports WPS and WPS icon
will not see the key icon
is shown, you
here even though the access point uses encryption
D
Shows the signal strength of access point by percentage.
E
Shows the bar graph of the signal strength.
If you do not see the access point you wish to connect to here, please click ‘Rescan’
button to scan for access point again, until the one you prefer is displayed. You may have
to click ‘Rescan’ more than twice before you can see the access point you wish to use
here. However, if you still do not see the access point after clicking ‘Rescan’ for more
than five times, please check your wireless source. Make sure you are not too far from
the access point. For more details, go to ‘Troubleshooting’ section.
16
If you wish to see detailed information for a specific access point, please double-click on
it, and you’ll be provided with its detailed information.
There are 4 types of technical information:
General: Displays basic information about this access point, such as SSID, MAC
Address, authentication / encryption type, channel etc.
WPS: If this access point supports WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup), related information
will be displayed here.
CCX: If this access point supports CCX (Cisco Compatible eXtension), related
information will be displayed here.
802.11n: If this access point complies with 802.11n draft, related information will be
displayed here.
Setup Area includes the following items:
Item Name
Description
Sorted by >>
You can decide how to sort all listed access points by
‘SSID’, ‘Channel’, or ‘Signal’ (signal strength).
Show dBm
Check this box to show the signal strength of access
point, instead of percentage.
17
Rescan
Click this button to rescan access points. You can
click this button for several times, if the access point
you wish to use does not show in the list.
Add to Profile
You can store a specific access point to profile, so you
can link to that access point directly next time, without
inputting authentication key again.
To add an access point to profile, you have to select
an access point from the list first, then click ‘Add to
Profile’ button. Detailed instructions will be given
below.
Connect
Connect to a selected access point. You have to
select an access point from the list first and then click
‘Connect’ to connect to the selected access point.
Connect to an Access Point
1. Once the wireless access point you wish to connect to is found, you can
connect by selecting the access point then click on ‘Connect’. See the
image below.
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Note:



Connect to an access point without an SSID: you’ll be prompted to input the
SSID. If you don’t have the SSID, please ask the owner of wireless access
point for the exact SSID and input it here, then click ‘OK’ when ready. If the
SSID you provided here is wrong, you’ll not be able to connect to this access
point.
Connect to an open wireless network (no encryption) - If the access point you
selected does not use encryption, you will be connected to this wireless
access point within one minute.
Connect to an encrypted access point – you’ll be prompted to input its WEP
key or WPA preshared key.
Please ask the owner of the wireless access point you want to connect to, and input
the correct key here and then click ‘OK’. By checking ‘Show Password’ box, the
encryption key you inputted here will be displayed.
If the value you filled out is incorrect, you will not be able to connect to this wireless
access point.
Authentication type will be selected by the authentication type of the access
point automatically, please don’t change it.
However, if you’re connecting to an access point using 802.1x authentication, you
have to check ‘802.1x’ box and input related information. Instructions for 802.1x
authentication will be given later.
If the wireless access point is successfully connected, you’ll see a
in front of the name of the wireless device.
19
symbol appear
You can put the mouse cursor over the Hawking configuration utility icon, and the
brief information about link status and signal strength of current wireless connection
will be shown as a popup balloon.
/
You can also click More / Less button (
of connected access point:
20
) to see detailed information
Add an Access Point to Profile
If you are going to connect to a specific wireless access point frequently, you can
create a profile to save your access information and you can connect to it directly
without reentering the access information.
You can add a found access point to profile, or input all information of an access point
by yourself.
To add a found access point to profile, please select a found access point first (to
make it highlighted), then click ‘Add to Profile’ button; to input the information of
access point by yourself, please go to ‘Profile’ menu and click ‘Add’ button.
21
The setup utility will expand:
System Config Overview:
Item Name
Description
Profile Name
Name your Profile. A unique name that you’ll
remember (i.e. Home, Work, etc.)
SSID
If your SSID is hidden, please input the SSID of this
access point. If you selected an access point from
the list (not hidden SSID), the SSID will automatically
be filled (note: you’ll be able to modify the SSID)
Network Type
Please select the network type: Ad hoc or
Infrastructure. If you are connecting to an access
point, please select ‘Infrastructure’. For point-to-point
wireless connection (i.e. connecting to another
computer using Ad Hoc mode), please select Ad hoc
here.
If you selected an access point from the list above,
please keep this field unchanged.
Tx Power
You can select the wireless output power here. If
22
you’re not too far from access point with good signal
reception, you can select a lower output power to
save energy; for a distant access point, you can
select a higher output power.
It is recommended to select “Auto” so the setup utility
can determine the best output power for you.
Preamble
Select the preamble for Ad hoc mode here. Available
options are ‘Auto’ and ‘Long’.
‘Auto’ option is recommended so that your utility can
determine the preamble for you.
Channel
You can select the radio channel number for AdHoc
mode here.
Power Save Mode
CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) keeps your wireless
radio on even when it is not transferring data.
PSM (Power Saving Mode) turns your wireless radio
off when it is not transferring data.
If you are using this networking with a notebook
computer, ‘PSM’ is recommended to help preserve
your notebook battery.
RTS Threshold
It is recommended to keep this value untouched
unless you understand the RTS Thresdhold value and
its value.
Check this box to set the RTS threshold. You can drag
the slider to set the threshold value, or input the value
in the box located at right.
Fragment Threshold
Check this box to set the packet fragment threshold .
You can drag the slider to set the threshold value, or
input the value in the box located at right.
It is recommended to keep this value untouched
unless you understand the Fragment Threshold
value.
23
To set authentication / encryption information for the access point. Please select
‘Auth. \ Encry.’ tab:
Auth.\Encry Overview:
Item Name
Description
Authentication
Select the authentication type of the wireless access point or
wireless device you wish to connect. When you are adding a
profile from an existing access point or wireless device,
authentication type will be selected automatically, and please do
not change it.
If you select ‘LEAP’, you’ll be prompted to input LEAD specific
settings:
Please input LEAP identity, password, domain name, and select
encryption type. You can check ‘Show Password’ box so the
password you inputted will be displayed as you type, and not be
replaced by asterisk.
Encryption
Select the encryption type of the wireless access point or wireless
device you wish to connect. When you are adding a profile from
an existing access point or wireless device, the encryption type
will be selected automatically, and please do not modify it.
WPA
Preshared Key
Input WPA preshared key here. If encryption is not enabled, or
you select ‘WEP’ as encryption type, this field will be disabled and
24
grayed out.
WEP Key
You can select key type (Hexadecimal or ASCII) and input WEP
key here. If encryption is not enabled, or you select ‘WPA’ as
encryption type, this field will be disabled and grayed out. You can
set up to 4 WEP keys here.
There are two types of WEP key, Hexadecimal and ASCII. For
Hexadecimal key, you can input number 0-9 and alphabet a-f; for
example, ‘001122aabbcc’; For ASCII key, you can input number
0-9 and alphabet a-z; for example, mywepkey12345.
The length of WEP key depends on the type of WEP key you
selected. You can input 10 or 26 hexadecimal characters and 5 or
13 ASCII characters as WEP key.
Show
Password
Check this box and all passphrases or security keys you inputted
will be displayed as you type, but not replace your input with
asterisks.
Use 802.1x
If the access point you wish to connect requires 802.1 x
authentications, please click on ‘Use 802.1x’ box, then click
‘802.1X’ tab to set 802.1x parameters.
To set 802.1x authentication for the access point. Please click ‘802.1X’ tab:
802.1X Tab Overview:
Item Name
Description
EAP Method
Select 802.1 x EAP methods from the dropdown menu. Ask
your network administrator or the access point owner if you do not
have this information.
Tunnel
Authentication
Select 802.1x tunnel authentication type from dropdown menu.
Please ask the administrator of the access point you wish to
connect to select a correct tunnel authentication method. This pull
25
down menu is only available when authentication type you use is
'PEAP', ‘TLS / Smart Card', or 'TTLS'.
When you use 'EAP-FAST' as authentication type, the protocol
setting is always 'Generic Token Card' and cannot be modified.
You also need to select ‘Soft Token’ or ‘Static Password’ as
password in ‘ID \ Password’ setting.
’EAP Fast’ authentication type also have a sub-menu to set EAP
fast-specific parameters:
If you need to use protected authentication credential, check ‘Use
protected authentication credential’ box, and click ‘Import’ to load
credential file; to remove a loaded credential file, click ‘Remove’.
Session
Resumption
You can enable or disable session resumption here. If you are
unsure about enabling session resumption or not, please ask your
802.1x authentication administrator.
ID \ Password
Input 802.1x username (ID) and password and other information if
tab
it is required here. Click ‘Show Password’ to show the actual
character from your password.
Client
Use this tab to select a local certificate from dropdown menu. If
Certification tab the access point you wish to connect requires a specific client
certificate, the certificate must be installed on your computer, then
you can select the certificate from your computer.
Server
Use this tab to use server-based certification. Please select a CA
Certification tab (Certificate Authority) from dropdown menu. If intermediate
certificates are allowed, please select ‘Allow intermediate
certificates’. Also, if you need to specify CA server’s name, you
can specify it in ‘Server name’ field. You can select ‘Server name
must match’, so the CA server’s name must be the same with the
value you set in ‘Server name’ field; If only the domain name part
of full server name must the same with the value you set in
‘Server name’ field, select ‘Domain name must end in specified
name’.
After you complete all information related to the access point, click ‘OK’ to save the
profile, or click ‘cancel’ to cancel adding a new profile.
If the profile is created, you will see the information in the Profile List.
26
Profile Management
If you need to connect to different wireless access points at different time, like of
access point of your home, office, cybercafé, or public wireless service, you can store
the connection parameters (encryption, passphrase, security etc, etc.) as a profile for
every access point, so you don’t have to input these parameters every time when you
want to connect to a specific wireless access point. To manage profiles, right-click the
Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of computer desktop,
then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
Click the ‘Profile’ menu. All profiles will be listed in ‘Profile List’, and you can select a
profile from the list, all information about selected profile will be listed.
27
Add a Profile
If you want to click new profile, click ‘Profile’ menu, then click ‘Add’ button. You’ll be
prompted to input the selected access point’s information.
Edit an existing profile
To change the content of an existing profile, please select the profile you wish to edit
from your list, then click ‘Edit’ button. You’ll be provided with the contents of
selected profile, you can make your change then click ‘OK’ to save changes or click
‘Cancel’ to discard changes.
28
Delete an existing profile
To delete a profile, select the profile you wish to delete from the list, and click ‘Delete’
button to delete it.
29
Activate a profile
To connect to a specific wireless device from your profile list, select it and click
‘Activate’ button to establish a connection.
When you selected a profile and click ‘Activate’ button to activate the profile, a
icon will be displayed in front of the profile to show that the connection is failed; When
the connection is successfully established, a
30
icon will be displayed.
Advanced Settings
This wireless network card provides several advanced settings for experienced
wireless users. You can change these settings to increase data transfer performance,
or change operation mode.
Please follow the following instructions to set advanced wireless settings:
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Select ‘Advanced’ Menu.
31
Advanced Menu Overview:
Item Name
Description
Wireless mode
Display the wireless operation mode of the network card.
Enable Tx Burst
Check this box to accelerate the data transmit rate. It may
not work with all wireless access point and wireless devices.
Enable TCP
Window Size
Check this box and the configuration utility will adjust TCP
window size automatically to get better performance. It
should be safe for most of wireless environments, but if you
found some problem on data transfer, uncheck this box.
Fast Roaming
Check this box and you can control the threshold that the
wireless network card should switch to another wireless
access point with better signal quality. Only adjust value
when you understand what it means and you need to roam
between multiple access points.
Show
Authentication
When your computer is being authenticated by a wireless
authentication server, a dialog window with the process of
Status Dialog
authentication will appear. This function is helpful to find out
the problem when you cannot be authenticated. Finally,
you can provide this information to authentication server’s
administrator for debugging purpose.
Enable CCX
Enable Cisco Compatible eXtensions. CCX is a wireless
feature developed by Cisco used to improve the wireless
performance with CCX compatible wireless devices. Check
this box if you need to connect to CCX-compatible wireless
devices. When you enabled CCX, the following setup items
will become available:
Turn on CCKM: Check this box to enable CCKM (Cisco
Centralized Key Management), which enables wireless
clients to roam between CCKM-enabled access points in
very short time.
Enable Radio Measurements: When you’re connecting to
CCX-compatible access point, check this box to enable
radio measurement function to improve wireless
connectivity.
Non-Serving Channel Measurements Limit: When you’re
connecting to CCX-compatible access point, check this box
to enable measurement on unused radio channels to
32
improve wireless connectivity.
3. After you finish the settings, click ‘Apply’ to apply new settings.
View Network Statistics
The configuration utility provides information about network statistics and link status.
If you want to know how your wireless network card works, you can use these
functions to get detailed information about the wireless connection you’re using.
Please follow the following instructions to check network statistics:
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Statistics Menu shows the current status of your wireless network:
and Receive (Rx) data.
Transmit (Tx)
All connection-related statistics are displayed here. You can click ‘Transmit’ or
‘Receive’ tab, to view the statistics of transmitted or received packets. You can
also click ‘Reset Counter’ button, to reset the statistics of all items back to 0.
33
34
WMM Setting
This wireless network card provides WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) function, which can
improve the performance of certain network applications, like audio/video streaming,
network telephony (VoIP), and others. When you enable the WMM function of this
network card, you can define the priority of different kinds of data, to give higher
priority to applications which require instant responding. Therefore you can improve
the performance of such network applications.
Please follow the following instructions to set advanced wireless settings:
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Click ‘WMM’ menu, and the following settings will appear:
In ‘WMM Setup Status’ block, current WMM settings will be displayed. Below is
WMM menu overview:
Item Name
Description
WMM Enable
Check this box to enable WMM function. Please click
‘Apply’ button on the right of this check box after you
check or uncheck this box, so corresponding settings
35
in this window will be activated or deactivated
respectively.
WMM - Power Save
Enable
Check this box to enable WMM power saving mode to
save energy, and let your computer’s battery live
longer.
You also have to select WMM power save modes
here:
AC_BE: Best Performance
AC_BK: Worst Performance
AC_VI: Video data has priority
AC_VO: Voice data has priority
Direct Link Setup
If you have another WMM-enabled wireless device,
Enable
you can enter its MAC address here, then click ‘Apply’
button, and this network card will establish a direct
link to the wireless device you specified here.
You also have to specify the timeout value of this
directly-linked wireless device. Valid values are from 1
to 65535 (seconds), and input ‘0’ for infinity.
If you want to remove a specific wireless device from
direct link table, select the device and click this button
to remove it.
WPS Configuration
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest wireless network technology which makes
wireless network setup become very simple. If you have WPS-enabled wireless
access point, and you want to establish a secure connection to it, you don’t have to
configure the wireless access point and setup data encryption by yourself. All you
have to do is to go to the WPS setup page of this wireless card, click a button, and
then press a specific button or enter a set of 8-digit code on the wireless access point
you wish to establish a secure connection - just three simple steps!
For older wireless access points, it’s possible to perform a firmware upgrade to
become a WPS-enabled access point. Since they may not have a hardware button to
press for WPS setup, you can use an alternative WPS setup method - input the pin
code. Every WPS-compatible wireless network card support pin code configuration
method; you can just input the code to wireless access point, and the wireless access
point and wireless network card will do the rest for you.
This wireless network card is compatible with WPS. To use this function, the wireless
36
access point you wish to connect to must support WPS function too. Now, please
follow the following instructions to establish secure connection between
WPS-enabled wireless access point and your wireless network card.
37
WPS Setup - PBC (Push-Button Configuration)
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Click ‘WPS’ menu and the following settings will appear.
3. Set ‘Config Mode’ to ‘Enrollee’, and then push the ‘WPS’ button on your wireless
access point (the button used to activate WPS standby mode may have another
name), or use other way to start WPS PBC standby mode as the instruction given
by your wireless access point’s user manual.
You can also set ‘Config Mode’ to ‘Registrar’. In this mode, this wireless network
card will wait for other WPS-enabled access points to send WPS pairing requests.
Please refer to the instruction given by your wireless access point’s user manual
to understand how to send WPS requests.
4. Before you start to establish the wireless connection by using WPS, you can click
‘Rescan’ button to search for WPS-enabled access points near you again, to
make sure the WPS function of your access point is activated.
38
All access points with WPS function enabled will be displayed here. Please make
sure the access point you wish to connect is displayed. If not, please click
‘Rescan’ few more times. You can also click ‘Information’ button to see the
detailed information about selected access point.
5. Start PBC pairing procedure at access point side (please refer to the instruction
given by your access point’s manufacturer), then click ‘PBC’ button in wireless
configuration utility to start to establish wireless connection by WPS. Please be
patient (This may require several seconds to one minute to complete). When you
see ‘WPS status is connected successfully’ message, means the connection
between this wireless network card and access point is successfully established
by WPS, and the information about access point you connected to will be
displayed.
6. You can click ‘Detail’ button to see detailed information of connected access point.
If you wish to save this connection as a profile, you can click ‘Export Profile’ button,
and this connection will be saved. You can find this connection in ‘Profile’ tab in a
later time.
7. Sometime WPS may fail (In the following picture, WPS pairing failed because no
WPS-enabled access point is found):
39
You can click ‘PBC’ button few more times to try again. When an access point is
connected, you can click ‘Disconnect’ to disconnect your wireless network card
from a connected access point, or select another WPS-enabled wireless access
point, then click ‘Connect’ to establish connection to selected access point, if there
are more than one WPS-enabled access point found. You can also click ‘Rotate’
button, and next access point on the list will be selected to establish connection.
If you want to delete a found access point from the list, select it and click ‘Delete’
button.
WPS Setup - PIN
If the wireless access point you wish to connect supports PIN, please follow the
following instructions to establish connection to it:
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Click ‘WPS Configuration’ menu, and the following settings will appear.
40
3. The PIN code of your wireless network card is an eight-digit number located at the
upper-right position of configuration utility. Remember it then input the number to
your wireless access point as the WPS PIN code . (Please refer to the user
manual of your wireless access point for instructions about how to do this).
NOTE: If you experienced problem with the pin code provided here, you can click
‘Renew’ to get a new pin code.
4. Click ‘PIN’ button now, and wait for few seconds to one minute. If a wireless
access point with correct PIN code is found, you’ll be connected to that access
point.
5. You may have to click ‘PIN’ for few more times to try again. If you still can not
connect to access point by this way, please make sure the PIN code you provided
to access point is correct.
There are also other options available for WPS configuration:
41
WPS associate IE: Check this box to send the association request with WPS IE
during WPS setup. This is optional and you can use default value if you don’t know
what will be affected.
WPS probe IE: Check this box to send the WPS probe request with WPS IE during
WPS setup. This is optional and you can use default value if you don’t know what will
be affected.
Auto: When in PIN mode, wireless access point to be connected will be selected
automatically if this box is checked.
CCX Configuration
CCX is a wireless feature developed by Cisco used to improve the wireless
performance with CCX compatible wireless devices. When you enabled CCX, the
following setup items will become available:
42
CCX
CCX Menu Overview:
Item Name
Description
Enable CCX
(Cisco Compatible
Check this box if you need to connect to
CCX-compatible wireless devices. When you
eXtensions)
enabled CCX, the following setup items will become
available:
Enable Radio Measurements: When you’re
connecting to CCX-compatible access point, check
this box to enable radio measurement function to
improve wireless connectivity.
Non-Serving Channel Measurements Limit: When
you’re connecting to CCX-compatible access point,
check this box to enable measurement on unused
radio channels to improve wireless connectivity.
Roaming with RF Parameters: When you are
roaming from a CCX-compatible access point to
another one, check this box to enable RF roaming
function to improve the speed of wireless roaming.
Voice Drastic Roaming: When you have introduced
the voice devices (such as VoIP) into the standard
WLAN networks, you can check this box to enable
diagnostic roaming function by the voice traffic test.
43
CAC
CAC (Call Admission Control) is a function to
address the problems of VoIP stability and roaming.
With CAC, QoS will be maintained in a network
overload scenario by ensuring that the number of
active voice calls does not exceed the configured
limits on the access point.
There are three selections: ADDTS, DELTS, and
RESET. Please check with your network
administrator for how to configure.
Diagnostic
Select a profile which you want to diagnose, then
click ‘Diagnose’ button to perform the diagnostic test.
Information of selected
profile
Here list the profile information you have selected.
Radio On/Off
You can switch the wireless radio transceiver on and off by the utility, so if you want to
disable wireless network function, you don’t have to remove the network card
physically.
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. To switch wireless radio on/off, please click ‘Radio On/Off’ button.
44
Wireless radio is on (Green)
Wireless radio is off (Red)
45
About
The ‘About’ tab provides you the information about version number of the
configuration utility, driver, and other important information about your wireless
network card.
Please follow the following instructions to see these information:
1. Right-click the Hawking configuration utility icon located at lower-right corner of
computer desktop and then click ‘Launch Config Utility’.
2. Click ‘About’ tab, and the following information will appear.
46
On-line Help
If you need to know the directions of how to use specific function in the utility, please
click ‘Help’ button. On-line help documents will be presented in Windows help format.
Click this button to view on-line help documents.
2.6 Using Windows Zero Configuration
NOTE: In Vista, the network card will not connect to any un-encrypted wireless
access point automatically.
Windows XP and Vista has a built-in wireless network configuration utility, called as
‘Windows Zero Configuration’ (WZC). You can also use WZC to configure your
wireless network parameter:
1. Right-click Hawking configuration utility icon and select ‘Use Zero
Configuration as Configuration utility’.
2. Right click Windows Zero Configuration icon and select ‘View Available
Wireless Networks’. If you cannot find the icon, please follow the procedures
from step 3 to step
HERE!
47
3. Click ‘Start’ button (should be located at the bottom-left corner of windows
desktop), click ‘Control Panel’, then click ‘Network and Internet Connections’ in
Control Panel.
4. Click ‘Network Connections’.
48
Right-click ‘Wireless Network Connection’ (it may have a number as suffix if
you have more than one wireless network card, please make sure you
right-click the ‘HAWNU2 Wireless LAN Card), then select ‘View Available
Wireless Networks’.
5. All wireless access points in proximity will be displayed here. If the access
point you want to use is not displayed here, please try to move your computer
closer to the access point, or you can click ‘Refresh network list’ to rescan
access points. Click the access point you want to use if it’s shown, then click
‘Connect’.
-
If the access point is protected by encryption, you have to input its security
key or passphrase here. It must match the encryption setting on the access
49
point.
If the access point you selected does not use encryption, you will not be
prompted for security key or passphrase.
-
If you can see ‘Connected’ message, the connection between your computer
and wireless access point is successfully established.
50
3 INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAC OPERATING SYSTEM
3.1 Driver & Software Installation
IMPORTANT
- Please do not install the wireless adapter into your Mac desktop or notebook
before installing the software program from the CD.
- The following installation was operated under Apple OSX 10.5 Leopard.
-
(Installation Procedures are similar in other OS. However, the installation images
and screens may not look the same as the ones in this manual)
If you have previously installed other Wireless Adapter Drivers & Utilities, please
uninstall the older version first.
1. Power on your Computer and insert
the Setup CD into your CD-ROM
Drive. A folder should automatically
open. Double click the icon in the
folder that is titled “CLICK HERE TO
START”. (If there is no folder opening
up automatically, click on the CD icon
on your desktop to manually open the
folder.)
2. Please select a Mac OS Setup
according to the system you are
operating:
If you are uncertain about which
version of the Mac OS X your are
using, click on the Apple icon located
on the left corner of the menu bar
and select “About This Mac.” The
version number should appear in a
pop up window.
51
3. The Introduction Screen will welcome
you to the HAWNU2 Installer, select
“Continue.”
4. Select a destination for the driver.
Select “Continue”. (Typically, the
default destination is the Macintosh
HD.)
5. Then select “Install”.
6. If your computer is password
protected*, enter the password and
click OK. If it is not password
protected, leave the password field
blank and click OK to continue.
*If you do not have the password,
please contact the owner/admin of
this computer for Name and
Password.
52
7. Click Agree to continue.
8. Please wait for the installation
process to complete. Select Finish
when it is done and your computer
will reboot.
3.2
Connecting To Your Wireless Network (Mac 10.5 or later)
1. After restarting your computer, insert the Adapter into an available USB port on your
desktop or notebook computer. Insert the USB dish adapter firmly into the USB port
to ensure a proper connection is made. When the adapter is inserted carefully lift the
antenna unit upright.
Note: If your computer or laptop
already has a built-in Airport Card,
please turn it off by going to the
Wireless Icon on the top right corner
or your screen and select “TURN
OFF AIRPORT.”
53
2. The Hawking Wireless Utility will
automatically pop up. You will be
asked to enable your WLAN card.
When a NOTICE comes up, select
“OK”. Then, select “Network
Preferences.”
Please note the “Ethernet Adapter
(en…)”network interface. You will
need to enable this in the Network
Preferences. Note: the screen above
shows “Ethernet Adapter (en…)”
network interface, however it may be
vary slightly on your computer.
3. From your Network Preferences,
select ‘Ethernet Adapter (en...)’, then
click ‘Apply.’ Then skip the section
below and go to step 4.
If you are planning to use a static IP
and manually enter an IP address,
please go to section 3.4 Configure IP
Manually vs. Automatic (DHCP)
4. From Hawking Wireless Utility, select
“Site Survey” tab. Then select your
desired Wireless Network (SSID).
54
5. If your selected network has
encryption, please enter the network
key and confirm it. If the selected
network has encryption, please enter
the password and confirm it.
6. Congratulations! The asterisk sign (*)
next to the selected network indicates
that you are connected.
3.3
Connecting To Your Wireless Network (Mac 10.3~10.4.9)
Note: Installation was performed on a Mac OSX 10.4. Installation is similar on
Mac OSX 10.3, however the install images may vary slightly.
1. After restarting your computer, insert the Adapter into an available USB port on your
desktop or notebook computer. Insert the USB dish adapter firmly into the USB port
to ensure a proper connection is made. When the adapter is inserted carefully lift the
antenna unit upright.
Note: If your computer or laptop
already has a built-in Airport Card,
please turn it off by going to the
Wireless Icon on the top right corner
or your screen and select “TURN
OFF AIRPORT.”
55
2. The Hawking Wireless Utility will
automatically pop up. You will be
asked to enable your WLAN card.
When a NOTICE comes up, select
“OK”.
3. Go to the APPLE icon on the top left
corner of your desktop, select System
Preferences  Network Settings.
If this is your first time using the
Hawking Wireless Adapter on your
computer, you will need to enable the
device before using the Wireless
Utility. In the System Preferences
page, locate the NETWORK icon and
double click it to access the control
panel.
4. The new USB wireless adapter will
automatically be detected. Click “OK”
to continue.
5. Click “APPLY NOW” to confirm the
selection.
6. From your Network Preferences,
select ‘Ethernet Adapter (en...)’, then
click ‘Apply.’ Then skip the section
below and go to step 4.
If you are planning to use a static IP
and manually enter an IP address,
please go to section 3.4 Configure IP
Manually vs. Automatic (DHCP)
56
3.4 Configure IP Manually vs. Automatic (DHCP)

If you are using an automatically assigned IP address (MOST NETWORKS) you
do not have to worry about this. Simply close the window to proceed.

If you plan on using a “Static” (Manually entered) IP address for your computer,
go to the ‘Configure you may do so here by double clicking the “USB Wireless
Adapter” selection and selecting TCP/IP.
How to change your IP Address to Static Mode:
(Change from DHCP to Manual Configuration)
- If your wireless network uses a static IP
address or requires manual configuration
you may do so by highlighting the USB
wireless adapter (Shown above).
- Select “Configure” to enter the configuration
menu for the wireless adapter.
- Select the Tab that is named TCP/IP
- Select the menu button for “Configure IPv4”
and choose the appropriate selection
- You can manually configure your IP Address,
DNS Servers and other information here.
- Please contact a network administrator if you
are uncertain of the settings that are required
to connect to your network.
- When you have finished select APPLY NOW
to continue.
57
3.5 Hawking Wireless Utility for Mac OS X
The Hawking HAWNU2 Wireless Utility is an application that helps you configure the
Adapter and monitor the link status and statistics of your wireless connection.
Each time you insert HAWNU2 into your computer, the Hawking Wireless Utility should
automatically load. You can manually load the Hawking Wireless Utility by going into the
Applications folder and then select the Hawking Wireless Utility
.
Site Survey
When you open the Wireless Utility, the
system will scan all wireless channels to
find all access points/stations within the
accessible range of your adapter and
automatically connect to the wireless
device with the highest signal strength.
The “Site Survey” tab will show a list of
detected networks. You can change your
connection to another network or you may
add one of the networks to your own
profile list.
Parameter
Description
Site Survey
This tab shows all available wireless networks
within range of your card. It also displays the
information of the networks including the SSID,
BSSID, Channel, Encryption, Authentication and
Network Type. If you want to connect to any
networks on the list, double-click the item on the
list, and the adapter will automatically connect to
the selected network. An asterisk sign (*) in the
Associated column shows that you are connected
to the corresponding network (SSID).
Refresh Button
Click “Refresh” button to view all the wireless
networks nearby.
Connect Button
Click “Connect” to connect to the selected network.
Add to Profile Button
Add the selected network to Profiles list.
A green ‘handshake’ icon indicates you are
connected to the selected network (shown
58
respectively on the right hand column.)
Profiles
The “Profiles List” is for you to manage
the networks you connect to frequently.
You are able to Add/Delete/Edit/Activate a
profile.
Parameter
Profiles List
Add/
Edit/Remove/Duplicate
Button
Activate
Description
The profiles list display all the profiles and the relative
information including Profile Name, SSID, Channel, etc.
Click these buttons to Add/ Edit/Remove/Duplicate the
selected profiles.
Click “Apply” to connect to the selected profile.
Configure Profile
System
Configuration
Parameter
Description
Profile Name
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the
different networks.
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique
name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the
unintentional merging of two co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the card and then only the
device with the same SSID can interconnect to the card. If
SSID
59
Power Saving Mode
you want to add one of the networks nearby to the profile list,
pull down the menu, all the networks nearby will be listed
and you can add one of them to the profile list.
The power saving function is only available when the
network type is in Infrastructure.
CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) – The card will always set in
active mode.
Power Saving Mode – Enable the card in the power saving
mode when it is idle.
Network Type
Transmit Power
11B Preamble Type
RTS Threshold
Fragment Threshold
Channel
CAM When AC Power – Select this option to automatically
switch the card from power saving mode to CAM mode while
the power of your laptop computer is supplied by the AC
power but not battery.
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence
of an 802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the
Access Point or Router.
Ad-Hoc – Select this mode if you want to connect to another
wireless station in the Wireless LAN network without going
through an Access Point or Router. Peer to Peer.
If you wish to lower the transmit power of the card to save
the power of your system, you can select the lower
percentages from the list.
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication among wireless stations. This option is only
active in the Ad Hoc network.
There are two modes including Auto and Long Preamble. If
“Auto" mode is selected, the card will automatically switch
the preamble mode, depending on the wireless station where
the adapter is connected.
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To
Send). For packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not
sent and the packet is transmitted directly to the wireless
network. Select a setting within a range of 0 to 2312 bytes.
Minor change is recommended.
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet
size larger than the value will be fragmented. If you have
decreased this value and experience high packet error rates,
you can increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall
network performance. Select a setting within a range of 256
to 2312 bytes. Minor change is recommended.
This setting is only available for Ad Hoc mode. Select the
number of the radio channel used for the networking. The
channel setting should be the same with the network you are
connecting to.
60
Authentication vs. Security
Parameter
Description
Authentication
Type
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that the card intends
to connect to. All security keys within a network must match to allow successful
communications.
None – No authentication is needed among the wireless network.
Shared – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP Key identified) are
allowed to connecting each other.
WPA-PSK –It is a special mode designed for home and small business users
who do not have access to network authentication servers. In this mode, known
as Pre-Shared Key, the user manually enters the starting password in their
access point or gateway, as well as in each wireless station in the network. WPA
takes over automatically from that point, keeping unauthorized users that don't
have the matching password from joining the network, while encrypting the data
traveling between authorized devices. The encryption methods are including
TKIP and AES. Note that this option is only available for Windows XP.
Encryption Mode
None – Disable the WEP Data Encryption.
WEP – Enable the WEP Data Encryption. When the item is selected, you have
to continue setting the WEP Encryption keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the temporal key every
10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of message transmitted over a network.) This
insures much greater security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of security and
authenticity for digital information and it is the most advanced solution defined by
IEEE 802.11i for the security in the wireless network.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same encryption method to
ensure the communication.
WPA Pre-Shared
Key
The WPA-PSK key can be from eight to 64 characters and can be letters or
numbers. This same key must be used on all of the wireless stations in the
network.
WEP Key
(Key1 ~ Key4)
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network.
There are two types of key length: 64-bit and 128-bit. Select the default
encryption key from Key 1 to Key 4 by selected the radio button.
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Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or 5-digit
ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys. For
example: “0123456aef” or “test1”.
128-bit – Input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) or 13-digit ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as
the encryption keys. For example:
“01234567890123456789abcdef" or “administrator”.
Link Status
From the “Link Status” option, you can
view all the information of the network you
are connecting to. You can use this tool
in while at the same time repositioning the
Hi-Gain antenna to find the optimal
location for antenna placement.
Parameter
Status
Current
Channel
Link Speed
(Mbps)
Throughput
(Kbits/sec)
Link Quality
Signal
Strength
dBm format
Description
Display the SSID and MAC ID of the network the card is
connecting to.
Display the number of the radio channel and the frequency used
for the networking.
Display the transmission and receiving rate of your current
network. It is the number of bits per second that can be
transmitted.
Throughput is the average rate of successful message delivery
over a communication channel.
This bar indicates the quality of the link. The higher the
percentage, the better the quality.
This bar shows the signal strength level. The higher percentage
shown in the bar, the more radio signal been received by the
card. This indicator helps to find the proper position of the
wireless device for quality network operation.
If you want to know the signal strength in the unit of dBm, select
this check box.
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Statistics
This option enables you to view the
available statistic information with its
Tx counts (Tx success, Tx error, RTS
Success and RTS Failed), and its Rx
counts (Rx success, Rx error). You
may reset the counters by selecting
"Reset Counter”.
Advanced
This option enables you to configure more
advanced settings, for example: wireless
mode, protection mode and etc.
Parameter
Description
Wireless Mode
Supports 2.4G wireless mode.
Tx Rate
Tx Rate (transmit rate) selects the allowable transfer rates of the wireless
client. To optimize performance and range, the Tx Rate should be set to Fully
Automatic. This will automatically adjust the transfer speed for the best
performance and longest range.
Tx Burst
This function enables the adapter to deliver better throughput during a period
of time, it only takes effect when connecting with the AP that supports this
function.
Check to enable this function.
Enable PSP XLink
This will enable the card to work with xlink
Radio Off
Lets you turn the wireless radio on and off.
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WPS
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest
wireless network technology which makes
wireless network setup become very
simple. This Wireless Card supports the
configuration setup using PIN
configuration method or PBC
configuration method through an internal
or external Registrar.
To use WPS, your product must support
WPS and be compatible with WPA
security. WPS can automatically set up a
random network name (SSID) and strong
WPA wireless security for wireless
routers, access points, computers,
adapters, Wi-Fi phones, and other
consumer electronics devices.
Parameter
WPS AP List
Description
Display the information of surrounding APs with
WPS IE from last scan result. List information
includes SSID, BSSID, Channel, ID (Device
Password ID), Security-Enabled.
Rescan
Issue a rescan command to wireless NIC to update
information on surrounding wireless network.
Information
Display the information about WPS IE on the
selected network. List Information includes
Authentication Type, Encryption Type, Config
Methods, Device Password ID, Selected Registrar,
State, Version, AP Setup Locked, UUID-E and RF
Bands.
Pin Code / Renew
8-digit numbers. It is required to enter PIN Code
into Registrar using PIN method.
Each NIC Wireless has only one PIN Code of
Enrollee.
Some Wireless Access Point may support PIN
64
function. Remember it, and input the number to
your wireless access point as the WPS PIN code
(Please refer to the user manual of your wireless
access point for instructions about how to do this).
(NOTE: If you experienced problem with the pin
code provided here, you can click ‘Renew’ to get a
new pin code.)
Config Mode
Select as an Enrollee or an external Registrar.
WPS Profile List
Display all of credentials got from the Registrar. List
information includes 40 SSID, MAC address,
Authentication and Encryption Type. If STA
Enrollee, credentials are created as soon as each
WPS success. If STA Registrar, RaUI creates a
new credential with WPA2-PSK/AES/64Hex-Key
and doesn’t change until next switching to STA
Registrar.
Control items on WPS Profile List:
Detail: Information about Security and Key in the
credential
Connect: Command to connect to the selected
network inside credentials. The active selected
credential is as like as the active selected Profile.
Rotate: Command to rotate to connect to the next
inside credentials
Disconnect: Stop WPS action and disconnect this
active link. And then select the last profile at the
Profile Page of RaUI if exist. If there is an empty
profile page, the driver will select any non-security
AP.
Delete: Delete an existing credential. And then
select the next credential if exist. If there is an
empty credential, the driver will select any
non-security AP.
PIN
Start to add to Registrar using PIN configuration
method. IF STA Registrar, remember that enter PIN
Code read from you Enrollee before starting PIN.
PBC (Push-Button
Configuration)
One of the ways to establish a secure connection
using WPS. See instruction from your AP to
establish connection using PBC.
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Note: When you click PIN or PBC, please don’t do
any rescan within two-minute connection. If you
want to abort this setup within the interval, restart
PIN/PBC or press Disconnect to stop WPS
connection.
Rescan
You can click ‘Rescan’ button to search for
WPS-enabled access points near you again, to
make sure the WPS function of your access point is
activated.
Profile Detail
You can click ‘Detail’ button to see detailed
information of connected access point. If you wish
to save this connection as a profile, you can click
‘Export Profile’ button, and this connection will be
saved. You can find this connection in ‘Profile’ tab in
a later time.
Export Profile
If you wish to save this connection as a profile, you
can click ‘Export Profile’ button, and this connection
will be saved. You can find this connection in
‘Profile’ tab in a later time.
WPS associate IE:
Check this box to send the association request with
WPS IE during WPS setup. This is optional for STA
WPS probe IE
Automatically Select the
AP
Check this box to send the WPS probe request with
WPS IE during WPS setup. This is optional for STA.
When in PIN mode, wireless access point to be
connected will be selected automatically if this box
is checked.
About
The ‘About’ tab provides you the
information about version number of the
configuration utility, driver, and other
important information about your wireless
network card.
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4 Mounting Instructions
Before mounting your Adapter, determine where the wireless source is coming from
and be sure to face the side with three waves toward your wireless source.
4.1 Suction Mount
Cautions: Be sure there is no crack on your glass window and it
is thick enough to support the antenna and the suction cup’s
strength.
Make sure the lever is set to the right. Place the base onto a
glass or solid flat surface. Then, press the middle button and set
the lever to the left side.
Tighten the knobs to keep the adapter standing firmly upright.
To remove the suction cup, gently set the lever to the right side
and lift up the suction cup.
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4.2 Magnetic Mount
The base has a built-in magnetic mount. Find a flat
metal surface, such as a file cabinet, then place the
magnetic base on the flat magnetic surface (Figure 2).
Make sure the wireless wave is facing out toward your
wireless source.
4.3 Desktop Mount
Simply place the Adapter on the table.
4.4 Wall Mount
1. Please check all parts shown on the right.
2. Set up the plastic anchors (you might
need to use a drill to place the
anchors into your wall). Then, place
the screws into the anchor. Hang the
antenna base onto the screws, and
then tighten up the screws.
3. Lift and face the side with three waves toward your wireless
source. Be sure to tighten the knobs.
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5 Product Specifications
Standard
IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Bus Type
USB 2.0 Type A
Frequency Band
2.4000~2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical
Band)
Data Rate
11b: 1/2/5.5/11Mbps
11g: 6/9/12/24/36/48/54Mbps
11n (20MHz): MCS0-7 (up to 72Mbps)
11n (40MHz): MCS0-7 (up to 150Mbps)
Security
WEP 64/128, WPA, WPA2
Cisco CCX Support
Antenna
Detachable 3dBi Dipole Antenna with RP-SMA
Connector
Output Power
11b: 22dBm±1dBm
11g: 21dBm±1dBm
11n(20MHz): 21dBm±1dBm
11n(20MHz): 17dBm±1dBm
Drivers
Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7
Mac OS X 10.3 -10.6
LED
Link/Activity
Dimension
10(H) x 28(W) x 89.6(L) mm
Temperature Operating
32~104°F (0~40°C)
Storage
14~140°F (-10~60°C)
Humidity Operating
10~90% (NonCondensing)
Storage
Max. 95% (NonCondensing)
Certification
FCC, CE
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6 Troubleshooting
If you encounter any problem when you’re using this wireless network card, don’t
panic! Before you call your dealer of purchase for help, please check this
troubleshooting table, the solution of your problem could be very simple, and you can
solve the problem by yourself!
Scenario
Solution
I can’t find any wireless
1. Click ‘Rescan’ for few more times and see if you
access point / wireless
device in ‘Site Survey’
function.
can find any wireless access point or wireless
device.
2. Please move closer to any known wireless
access point.
3. ‘Ad hoc’ function must be enabled for the
wireless device you wish to establish a direct
wireless link.
4. Please adjust the position of network card (you
may have to move your computer if you’re using
a notebook computer) and click ‘Rescan’ button
for few more times. If you can find the wireless
access point or wireless device you want to
connect by doing this, try to move closer to the
place where the wireless access point or
wireless device is located.
Nothing happens when I
click ‘Launch Config Utility’
1. Please make sure the wireless network card is
inserted into your computer’s USB port. If the
Hawking configuration utility’s icon is black, the
network card is not detected by your computer.
2. Reboot the computer and try again.
3. Remove the card and insert it into another USB
port.
4. Remove the driver and re-install.
5. Contact the dealer of purchase for help.
I can not establish
connection with a certain
wireless access point
1. Click ‘Connect’ for few more times.
2. If the SSID of access point you wish to connect is
hidden (nothing displayed in ‘SSID’ field in ‘Site
Survey’ function), you have to input correct
SSID of the access point you wish to connect.
Please contact the owner of access point to ask
70
for correct SSID.
3. You have to input correct security key to connect
an access point with encryption. Please contact
the owner of access point to ask for correct
security key.
4. The access point you wish to connect only allows
network cards with specific MAC address to
establish connection. Please go to ‘About’ tab
and write the value of ‘Phy_Addess’ down, then
present this value to the owner of access point
so he / she can add the MAC address of your
network card to his / her access point’s list.
The network is slow /
having problem when
1. Move closer to the place where access point is
located.
transferring large files
2. Disable ‘Tx Burst’ in ‘Advanced’ tab.
3. Enable ‘WMM’ in ‘WMM’ tab if you need to use
multimedia / telephony related applications.
4. Disable ‘WMM – Power Save Enable’ in ‘WMM’
tab.
5. There could be too much people using the same
radio channel. Ask the owner of the access point
to change the channel number.
Please try one or more solutions listed above.
7 Glossary
1. What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
802.11g is the new IEEE standard for high-speed wireless LAN communications
that provides for up to 54 Mbps data rate in the 2.4 GHz band. 802.11g is
quickly becoming the next mainstream wireless LAN technology for the home,
office and public networks.
802.11g defines the use of the same OFDM modulation technique specified in
IEEE 802.11a for the 5 GHz frequency band and applies it in the same 2.4 GHz
frequency band as IEEE 802.11b. The 802.11g standard requires backward
compatibility with 802.11b.
The standard specifically calls for:
A. A new physical layer for the 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) in the 2.4
GHz frequency band, known as the extended rate PHY (ERP). The ERP
71
adds OFDM as a mandatory new coding scheme for 6, 12 and 24 Mbps
(mandatory speeds), and 18, 36, 48 and 54 Mbps (optional speeds). The
ERP includes the modulation schemes found in 802.11b including CCK for 11
and 5.5 Mbps and Barker code modulation for 2 and 1 Mbps.
B. A protection mechanism called RTS/CTS that govern how 802.11g devices
and 802.11b devices interoperate.
2. What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
The IEEE 802.11b Wireless LAN standard subcommittee formulates the
standard for the industry. The objective is to enable wireless LAN hardware from
different manufactures to communicate.
3. What does IEEE 802.11 feature support?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:






CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge Protocol
Multi-Channel Roaming
Automatic Rate Selection
RTS/CTS Feature
Fragmentation
Power Management
4. What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc integrated wireless LAN is a group of computers, each has a
Wireless LAN card, Connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad hoc
wireless LAN is applicable at a departmental scale for a branch or SOHO
operation.
5. What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure
configuration. Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access
to central database, or wireless application for mobile workers.
6. What is BSS ID?
A specific Ad hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS
must be configured with the same BSS ID.
7. What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40 bit
shared key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802 .11 standard.
8. What is TKIP?
TKIP is a quick-fix method to quickly overcome the inherent weaknesses in
WEP security, especially the reuse of encryption keys. TKIP is involved in the
IEEE 802.11i WLAN security standard, and the specification might be officially
released by early 2003.
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9. What is AES?
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), a chip-based security, has been
developed to ensure the highest degree of security and authenticity for digital
information, wherever and however communicated or stored, while making
more efficient use of hardware and/or software than previous encryption
standards. It is also included in IEEE 802.11i standard. Compare with AES,
TKIP is a temporary protocol for replacing WEP security until manufacturers
implement AES at the hardware level.
10. Can Wireless products support printer sharing?
Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products. Therefore,
Wireless products can work with Netware, Windows 2000, or other LAN
operating systems to support printer or file sharing.
11. Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security
feature of scrambling. On the software side, WLAN series offer the encryption
function (WEP) to enhance security and Access Control. Users can set it up
depending upon their needs.
12. What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?
Frequency-hopping spread-spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that
changes frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver.
Properly synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To
an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise.
Direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for
each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping code).
The longer the chip is, the greater the probability that the original data can be
recovered. Even if one or more bits in the chip are damaged during
transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can recover the
original data without-the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver,
DSSS appears as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most
narrowband receivers.
13. What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique
developed by the military for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical
communication systems. It is designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for
reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is consumed
than in the case of narrowband transmission, but the trade off produces a signal
that is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that the receiver
knows the parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a
receiver is not tuned to the right frequency, a spread –spectrum signal looks like
background noise. There are two main alternatives, Direct Sequence Spread
Spectrum (DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
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14. What is WMM?
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM), a group of features for wireless networks that improve
the user experience for audio, video and voice applications. WMM is based on a
subset of the IEEE 802.11e WLAN QoS draft standard. WMM adds prioritized
capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and optimizes their performance when multiple
concurring applications, each with different latency and throughput
requirements, compete for network resources. By using WMM, end-user
satisfaction is maintained in a wider variety of environments and traffic
conditions. WMM makes it possible for home network users and enterprise
network managers to decide which data streams are most important and assign
them a higher traffic priority.
15. What is WMM Power Save?
WMM Power Save is a set of features for Wi-Fi networks that increase the
efficiency and flexibility of data transmission in order to conserve power. WMM
Power Save has been optimized for mobile devices running latency-sensitive
applications such as voice, audio, or video, but can benefit any Wi-Fi device.
WMM Power Save uses mechanisms included in the IEEE 802.11e standard
and is an enhancement of IEEE 802.11 Legacy Power Save. With WMM Power
Save, the same amount of data can be transmitted in a shorter time while
allowing the Wi-Fi device to remain longer in a low-power “dozing” state.
16. What is GI?
GI stands for Guard Interval. It’s a measure to protect wireless devices from
cross- interference. If there are two wireless devices using the same or near
channel, and they are close enough, radio interference will occur and reduce
the radio resource usability.
17. What is STBC?
STBC stands for Space-Time Block Coding, which is a technique used to
transfer multiple copies of data by multiple antenna, to improve data transfer
performance. By using multiple antennas, not only data transfer rate is
improved, but also the wireless stability.
18. What is WPS?
WPS stands for Wi-Fi Protected Setup. It provides a simple way to establish
unencrypted or encrypted connections between wireless clients and access
point automatically. User can press a software or hardware button to activate
WPS function, and WPS-compatible wireless clients and access point will
establish connection by themselves. There are two types of WPS: PBC
(Push-Button Configuration) and PIN code.
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