USB-1408FS User`s Guide
USB-1408FS
Analog and Digital I/O
User's Guide
Document Revision 10A
July 2014
© Copyright 2014
Trademark and Copyright Information
Measurement Computing Corporation, InstaCal, Universal Library, and the Measurement Computing logo are
either trademarks or registered trademarks of Measurement Computing Corporation. Refer to the Copyrights &
Trademarks section on mccdaq.com/legal for more information about Measurement Computing trademarks.
Other product and company names mentioned herein are trademarks or trade names of their respective
companies.
© 2014 Measurement Computing Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, by
photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of Measurement Computing
Corporation.
Notice
Measurement Computing Corporation does not authorize any Measurement Computing Corporation product for
use in life support systems and/or devices without prior written consent from Measurement Computing
Corporation. Life support devices/systems are devices or systems that, a) are intended for surgical implantation
into the body, or b) support or sustain life and whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to result in
injury. Measurement Computing Corporation products are not designed with the components required, and are
not subject to the testing required to ensure a level of reliability suitable for the treatment and diagnosis of
people.
HM USB-1408FS.docx
Table of Contents
Preface
About this User's Guide ....................................................................................................................... 5
What you will learn from this user's guide ......................................................................................................... 5
Conventions in this user's guide ......................................................................................................................... 5
Where to find more information ......................................................................................................................... 5
Chapter 1
Introducing the USB-1408FS................................................................................................................ 6
USB-1408FS block diagram ............................................................................................................................... 6
Chapter 2
Installing the USB-1408FS.................................................................................................................... 7
What comes with your shipment? ....................................................................................................................... 7
Hardware .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Software ............................................................................................................................................................................ 7
Documentation .................................................................................................................................................................. 7
Unpacking........................................................................................................................................................... 7
Installing the software ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Installing the hardware ....................................................................................................................................... 7
Calibrating the USB-1408FS .............................................................................................................................. 8
Chapter 3
Functional Details ................................................................................................................................. 9
Analog input acquisition modes ......................................................................................................................... 9
Software paced .................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Hardware paced ................................................................................................................................................................ 9
External components ........................................................................................................................................ 10
USB connector .................................................................................................................................................................10
LED .................................................................................................................................................................................10
Screw terminals................................................................................................................................................................10
Signal connections ............................................................................................................................................ 12
Analog input ....................................................................................................................................................................12
Analog output ..................................................................................................................................................................14
Digital I/O ........................................................................................................................................................................14
Counter input ...................................................................................................................................................................15
Trigger input ....................................................................................................................................................................15
SYNC I/O ........................................................................................................................................................................15
Ground .............................................................................................................................................................................16
+2.5VREF output .............................................................................................................................................................16
Power output ....................................................................................................................................................................16
Accuracy ........................................................................................................................................................... 16
Synchronized operations................................................................................................................................... 18
Mechanical drawings ........................................................................................................................................ 19
Chapter 4
Specifications ...................................................................................................................................... 20
Analog input ..................................................................................................................................................... 20
Analog output ................................................................................................................................................... 21
Digital I/O ......................................................................................................................................................... 22
External trigger ................................................................................................................................................. 23
External clock input/output............................................................................................................................... 23
Counter section ................................................................................................................................................. 24
Non-volatile memory ........................................................................................................................................ 24
3
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Microcontroller ................................................................................................................................................. 24
Power ................................................................................................................................................................ 25
General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25
Environmental .................................................................................................................................................. 25
Mechanical ....................................................................................................................................................... 25
Screw terminal connector ................................................................................................................................. 26
Differential mode pinout ..................................................................................................................................................26
Single-ended mode pinout ...............................................................................................................................................27
Declaration of Conformity .................................................................................................................. 28
4
Preface
About this User's Guide
What you will learn from this user's guide
This user's guide describes the Measurement Computing USB-1408FS data acquisition device and lists device
specifications.
Conventions in this user's guide
For more information about …
Text presented in a box signifies additional information and helpful hints related to the subject matter you are
reading.
Caution! Shaded caution statements present information to help you avoid injuring yourself and others,
damaging your hardware, or losing your data.
bold text
Bold text is used for the names of objects on a screen, such as buttons, text boxes, and check boxes.
italic text
Italic text is used for the names of manuals and help topic titles, and to emphasize a word or phrase.
Where to find more information
Additional information about the USB-1408FS is available on our website at www.mccdaq.com. You can also
contact Measurement Computing Corporation by phone, fax, or email with specific questions.




Knowledgebase: kb.mccdaq.com
Phone: 508-946-5100 and follow the instructions for reaching Tech Support
Fax: 508-946-9500 to the attention of Tech Support
Email: [email protected]
5
Chapter 1
Introducing the USB-1408FS
The USB-1408FS is a USB 2.0 full-speed analog input and digital I/O data acquisition device supported under
popular Microsoft® Windows® operating systems. It is designed for USB 1.1 ports, and was tested for full
compatibility with both USB 1.1 and USB 2.0 ports.
The USB-1408FS features eight analog inputs, two 12-bit analog outputs, 16 digital I/O connections, and one
32-bit external event counter.
The analog inputs are software configurable for either eight 13-bit single-ended inputs or four 14-bit differential
inputs. The digital I/O lines are independently selectable as input or output in two 8-bit ports. The 32-bit counter
can count TTL pulses. A SYNC (synchronization) I/O line allows you to pace the analog input acquisition of
one USB module from the clock output of another.
The USB-1408FS is powered by the +5 volt USB supply from your computer. No external power is required.
USB-1408FS block diagram
USB-1408FS functions are illustrated in the block diagram shown here.
Figure 1. USB-1408FS functional block diagram
6
Chapter 2
Installing the USB-1408FS
What comes with your shipment?
The following items are shipped with the USB-1408FS.
Hardware


USB-1408FS
USB cable
Software

MCC DAQ CD
Documentation
In addition to this hardware user's guide, you should also receive the Quick Start Guide. This booklet provides
an overview of the MCC DAQ software you received with the device, and includes information about installing
the software. Please read this booklet completely before installing any software or hardware.
Unpacking
As with any electronic device, take care while handling to avoid damage from static electricity. Before
removing the USB-1408FS from its packaging, ground yourself using a wrist strap or touch either the computer
chassis or other grounded object to eliminate any stored static charge.
If the device is damaged, notify Measurement Computing Corporation immediately by phone, fax, or email.




Knowledgebase: kb.mccdaq.com
Phone: 508-946-5100 and follow the instructions for reaching Tech Support
Fax: 508-946-9500 to the attention of Tech Support
Email: [email protected]
For international customers, contact your local distributor. Refer to the International Distributors section on our
web site at www.mccdaq.com/International.
Installing the software
Refer to the Quick Start Guide for instructions on installing the software on the MCC DAQ CD. This booklet is
available in PDF at www.mccdaq.com/PDFmanuals/DAQ-Software-Quick-Start.pdf.
Installing the hardware
Be sure you are using the latest system software
Before installing the device, run Windows Update to update your operating system with the latest HID and USB
drivers.
To connect the USB-1408FS to your system, connect the USB cable to a USB port on your computer or to an
external USB hub that is connected to your computer. The USB cable provides power and communication to the
USB-1408FS.
The USB-1408FS installs as a composite device with separate devices attached. When you connect the
USB-1408FS for the first time, a Found New Hardware dialog opens as each device interface is detected. This
is normal. After the device is installed its LED will blink and then remain on. This indicates that communication
is established between the USB-1408FS and your computer.
7
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Installing the USB-1408FS
If the LED turns off
If communication is lost between the device and the computer, the device LED turns off. Disconnect the USB
cable from the computer and then reconnect it. This should restore communication, and the LED should turn on.
Allow the USB-1408FS to operate for at least 30 minutes before using the device. This warm up time is
required to achieve the specified rated accuracy of measurements.
Calibrating the USB-1408FS
The USB-1408FS is shipped fully calibrated. Calibration coefficients are stored in EEPROM. Return the device
to Measurement Computing Corporation when calibration is required. The normal calibration interval is once
per year.
8
Chapter 3
Functional Details
Analog input acquisition modes
The USB-1408FS can acquire analog input data in either software-paced or hardware-paced mode.
Software paced
The USB-1408FS acquires data one analog sample at a time using software-paced mode. You initiate the A/D
conversion by calling a software command. The analog value is converted to digital and returned to the
computer. You can repeat this procedure until you have the total number of samples that you want.
The USB-1408FS can attain throughput rates up to 250 S/s using a software loop. This rate is systemdependent.
Hardware paced
The USB-1408FS can acquire data from up to eight channels in hardware-paced mode. The analog data is
acquired and converted to digital values until you stop the scan. Data is transferred in blocks of 31 samples from
the USB-1408FS to the memory buffer on your computer.
The A/D converter is paced by either an internal or external clock source.
The maximum sample rate is an aggregate rate. The total sample rate for all channels cannot exceed 48 kS/s.
The following table lists the sample rate when scanning from one to eight channels.
Maximum per channel sample rate
# channels
scanned
Sample rate
(kS/s)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
48
24
16
12
9.60
8
6.85
6
You start a hardware-paced scan with a software command. Optionally, hardware-paced scans can be delayed
by an external hardware trigger event.
9
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
External components
The external components – screw terminal banks, LED, and USB connector –are shown in Figure 2.
1
2
Screw terminal pins 21 to 40
LED
3
4
Screw terminal pins 1 to 20
USB connector
Figure 2. External components
USB connector
The USB connector provides +5V power and communication. No external power supply is required.
LED
The LED indicates the communication status; it cannot be disabled. LED states are listed in the table below.
LED behavior
LED Illumination
Indication
Steady green
Blinks continuously
The USB-1408FS is connected to a computer or external USB hub.
Data is being transferred.
Screw terminals
The screw terminals provide the following connections:









Eight analog input connections (CH0 IN to CH7 IN)
Two analog output connections (D/A OUT 0 to D/A OUT 1)
16 digital I/O connections (PortA0 to Port A7, and Port B0 to Port B7)
One external trigger input (TRIG_IN)
One SYNC I/O for external clocking and multi-unit synchronization (SYNC)
One external event counter input (CTR)
One voltage output (2.5VREF)
One power output (PC+5 V)
Five analog ground connections (AGND) and four ground connections (GND)
Use 16 AWG to 30 AWG wire when making connections to the screw terminals. The single-ended mode pinout
is shown in Figure 3.
10
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Figure 3. Single-ended mode pinout
The differential mode pinout is shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4. Differential mode pinout
11
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Signal connections
Analog input
You can connect up to eight analog input connections to the screw terminal containing pins 1 to 20 (CH0 IN
through CH7 IN.)
You can configure the analog input channels as eight single-ended channels or four differential channels. When
configured for differential mode, each analog input has 14-bit resolution. When configured for single-ended
mode, each analog input has 13-bit resolution, due to restrictions imposed by the A/D converter.
Single-ended configuration
When all of the analog input channels are configured for single-ended input mode, eight analog channels are
available. The input signal is referenced to signal ground (GND), and delivered through two wires:


Connect the wire carrying the signal to be measured to CH# IN.
Connect the second wire to AGND.
The input range for single-ended mode is ±10 V.
Single-ended measurements using differential channels
To perform a single-ended measurement using differential channels, connect the signal to the "CH# IN HI"
input, and ground the associated CH# IN LO input.
Differential configuration
When all of the analog input channels are configured for differential input mode, four analog channels are
available. In differential mode, the input signal is measured with respect to the low input.
The input signal is delivered through three wires:



Connect the wire carrying the signal to be measured to CH# IN HI
Connect the wire carrying the reference signal to CH# IN LO
Connect the third wire to GND.
A low-noise precision programmable gain amplifier (PGA) is available on differential channels to provide gains
of up to 20 and a dynamic range of up to 14-bits. Differential mode input voltage ranges are ±20 V, ±10 V,
±5 V, ±4 V, ±2.5 V, ±2.0 V, ±1.25 V, and ±1.0 V.
In differential mode, the following two requirements must be met for linear operation:


Any analog input must remain in the −10V to +20V range with respect to ground at all times.
The maximum differential voltage on any analog input pair must remain within the selected voltage range.
The input [common-mode voltage + signal] of the differential channel must be in the −10 V to +20 V range in
order to yield a useful result. For example, you input a 4 V pp sine wave to CHHI, and apply the same sine
wave 180° out of phase to CHLO. The common mode voltage is 0 V. The differential input voltage swings from
4 V− (−4 V) = 8 V to (−4 V) − 4 V = −8V. Both inputs satisfy the −10 V to +20 V input range requirement, and
the differential voltage is suited for the ±10 V input range (see Figure 5).
Figure 5. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of 0 V
12
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
If you increase the common mode voltage to 11 V, the differential remains at ±8 V. Although the [commonmode voltage + signal] on each input now has a range of +7 V to +15 V, both inputs still satisfy the −10 V to
+20 V input requirement (see Figure 6).
Figure 6. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of 11 V
If you decrease the common-mode voltage to −7 V, the differential stays at ±8 V. However, the solution now
violates the input range condition of −10 V to +20 V. The voltage on each analog input now swings from −3V
to −11V. Voltages between −10 V and −3 V are resolved, but those below -10 V are clipped (see Figure 7).
Figure 7. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of -7 V
Since the analog inputs are restricted to a −10 V to +20 V signal swing with respect to ground, all ranges except
±20V can realize a linear output for any differential signal with zero common mode voltage and full scale signal
inputs. The ±20 V range is the exception. You cannot put −20 V on CHHI and 0 V on CHLO since this violates
the input range criteria. The following table shows some possible inputs and the expected results.
Sample inputs and differential results
CHHI
CHLO
Result
−20 V
−15 V
−10 V
−10 V
0V
0V
+10 V
+10 V
+15 V
+20 V
0V
+5 V
0V
+10 V
+10 V
+20 V
−10 V
0V
−5 V
0
Invalid
Invalid
−10 V
−20 V
−10 V
−20 V
+20 V
+10 V
+20 V
+20 V
For more information on analog signal connections
For more information on single-ended and differential inputs, refer to the Guide to Signal Connections (this
document is available on our web site at www.mccdaq.com/signals/signals.pdf)
13
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Channel gain queue
The channel gain queue feature allows you to set up a scan sequence with a unique per-channel gain setting and
channel sequence. The gain settings are stored in a channel-gain queue list that is written to local memory on
the device.
The channel-gain queue list can contain up to 16 elements in any order. An example of a four-element list is
shown in the table below.
Sample channel gain queue list
Element
Channel
Range
0
1
2
3
CH0
CH3
CH1
CH2
BIP10V
BIP5V
BIP10V
BIP1V
When a scan begins with the gain queue enabled, the USB-1408FS reads the first element, sets the appropriate
channel number and range, and then acquires a sample. The properties of the next element are then retrieved,
and another sample is acquired. This sequence continues until all elements in the gain queue have been selected.
When the end of the channel list is detected, the sequence returns to the first element in the list. This sequence
repeats until the specified number of samples is acquired.
Carefully match the gain to the expected voltage range on the associated channel or an over range condition
may occur. Although this condition does not damage the device, it does produce a useless full-scale reading,
and can introduce a long recovery time due to saturation of the input channel.
Analog output
You can connect up to two analog output connections to D/A OUT 0 and D/A OUT 1. Each channel can be paced
individually at rates up to 10,000 updates per second. Both channels can be paced simultaneously using the
same time base at 5,000 updates per channel. The 0 V to 4.096 V output range provides a convenient 1 mV per
LSB when setting the output voltage levels.
Digital I/O
The device has 16 digital bits configured as two 8-bit ports (Port A and Port B). You can connect up to eight
digital I/O lines to each port (terminals Port A0 to Port A7 and Port B0 to Port B7). Each port is configurable
as either input or output.
When configured for input, you can use the digital I/O terminals to detect the state of any TTL level input.
Refer to the schematic shown in Figure 8. If the switch is set to the +5 V input, Port A0 reads TRUE (1). If you
move the switch to GND, Port A0 reads FALSE.
Figure 8. Schematic showing switch detection by digital channel Port A0
Pull-up/down configuration
Later hardware revisions are designed with user-configurable internal jumpers to configure the digital bits for
pull-up (default) or pull-down. If the p/n of your board is 195920B, the default configuration is pull-up. To
configure for pull-down, the board must be modified at the factory. If the p/n of your board is 193331x, where x
is any letter, your board has the user-configurable internal jumpers. The hardware revision is listed with the part
number on the bottom of the device, for example p/n 193331D.
14
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
If your board has user-configurable jumpers, complete the following steps to set the pull-up/down
configuration:
1.
Unplug the device from the computer.
2.
Turn the device over and rest the top of the housing on a flat, stable surface.
Caution! The discharge of static electricity can damage some electronic components. Before removing the
USB-1408FS from its housing, ground yourself using a wrist strap or touch the computer chassis
or other grounded object to eliminate any stored static charge.
3.
Remove the three screws from the bottom of the device using a #1 Philips head screwdriver.
4.
Hold both the top and bottom sections together, turn the device over and rest it on the surface, then
carefully remove the top section of the case to expose the circuit board.
The user-configurable jumpers are labeled DIO A and DIO B. Figure 9 shows the location of the each
jumper on the circuit board.
Figure 9. Pull-up/down jumper locations
5.
Configure each jumper for pull-up or pull-down, as shown in Figure 10. Use the jumper labeled DIO A to
configure Port A, and DIO B to configure Port B.
Figure 10. Pull-up/down jumper configuration
6.
Replace the top section of the housing, and fasten it to the bottom section with the three screws.
Counter input
The CTR terminal is a 32-bit event counter that can accept frequency inputs up to 1 MHz. The internal counter
increments when the TTL levels transition from low to high.
Trigger input
The TRIG_IN terminal is an external digital trigger input that you can configure for either rising or falling edge.
SYNC I/O
The SYNC terminal is a bidirectional I/O signal that can be configured as an input (default) or an output.


Configure as an external clock input to externally source the A/D conversions. The SYNC terminal supports
TTL-level input signals of up to 50 kHz.
Configure as an output to synchronize with a second USB-1408FS and acquire data from 16 channels.
Refer to Synchronized operations on page 18 for more information.
15
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Ground
The analog ground (AGND) terminals provide a common ground for all analog channels. The ground (GND)
connections provide a common ground for the digital, trigger, counter, sync and power terminals.
+2.5VREF output
The +2.5VREF connection is an output terminal that supplies 2.5 volts. You can use this pin as the voltage
source for another analog channel. For example, to configure the +2.5VREF pin as the voltage source for
channel 0 in SE mode, connect +2.5VREF to CH0 IN. In differential mode, connect +2.5VREF to CH0 IN HI, and
connect CH# IN LO to AGND.
Power output
The PC +5V terminal is a 5 volt output that is supplied by the computer. You can use this terminal to supply
power to external devices or circuitry.
Caution! The +5 V terminal is an output. Do not connect to an external power supply or you may damage
the USB-1408FS and possibly the computer.
The maximum total output current that can be drawn from all USB-1408FS connections (power, analog and
digital outputs) is 420 mA. This maximum applies to most personal computers and self-powered USB hubs.
Bus-powered hubs and notebook computers may limit the maximum available output current to 100 mA.
Just connecting the USB-1408FS to your computer draws 80 mA of current from the USB +5 V supply. Once
you start running applications with the USB-1408FS, each DIO bit can draw up to 2.5 mA, and each analog
output can draw 15 mA. The maximum amount of +5 V current available for experimental use, over and above
that required by the USB-1408FS, is the difference between the total current requirement of the USB (based on
the application), and the allowed current draw of the PC platform (500 mA for desktop PCs and self-powered
hubs, or 100 mA for bus-powered hubs and notebook computers). With all outputs at their maximum output
current, you can calculate the total current requirement of the USB-1408FS USB +5 V supply as follows:
(USB-1408FS @ 80 mA) + (16 DIO @ 2.5 mA ea) + (2 AO @ 15 mA ea ) = 150 mA
For an application running on a PC or powered hub, the maximum available excess current is
500 mA − 150 mA = 350 mA. This number is the total maximum available current at the PC +5 V screw
terminals. Measurement Computing highly recommends that you figure in a safety factor of 20% below this
maximum current loading for your applications. A conservative, safe user maximum in this case would be
280 mA.
Since laptop computers typically allow up to 100 mA, the USB-1408FS in a fully-loaded configuration may be
above that allowed by the computer. In this case, you must determine the per-pin loading in the application to
ensure that the maximum loading criteria is met. The per-pin loading is calculated by simply dividing the +5 V
by the load impedance of the pin in question.
Accuracy
The overall accuracy of any instrument is limited by the error components within the system. Resolution is
often used incorrectly used to quantify the performance of a measurement product. While "14-bits" or "1 part in
16383" does indicate what can be resolved, it provides little insight into the quality of an absolute measurement.
Accuracy specifications describe the actual measurement achievable with a USB-1408FS
There are three types of errors which affect the accuracy of a measurement system:



offset
gain
nonlinearity
The primary error sources in the USB-1408FS are offset and gain. Nonlinearity is small in the USB-1408FS,
and is not significant as an error source with respect to offset and gain.
16
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Figure 11 shows an example of an ideal, error-free, USB-1408FS transfer function. The typical calibrated
accuracy of the USB-1408FS is range-dependent, as explained in the "Specifications" chapter on page 20. We
use a ±10 V range here as an example of what you can expect when performing a measurement in this range.
Figure 11. Ideal ADC transfer function
The offset error is measured at mid-scale. Ideally, a zero volt input should produce an output code of 8192. Any
deviation from this is an offset error.
Figure 12 shows an example of a USB-1408FS transfer function with a ±2.44 mV offset error. Offset error
affects all codes equally by shifting the entire transfer function up or down along the input voltage axis.
The accuracy plots in Figure 12 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale.
Figure 12. ADC transfer function with offset error
Gain error is a change in the slope of the transfer function from the ideal, and is typically expressed as a
percentage of full-scale. Figure 13 shows the USB-1408FS transfer function with gain error. Gain error is easily
converted to voltage by multiplying the full-scale (FS) input by the error.
The accuracy plots in Figure 13 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale.
17
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Figure 13. ADC Transfer function with gain error
Figure 13 shows an example of a USB-1408FS transfer function with a calibrated gain error of ±0.02%, or
±2 mV. This means that at full scale, neglecting the effect of offset for the moment, the measurement would be
within 2 mV of the actual value. Note that gain error is expressed as a ratio. Values near ±FS are more affected
from an absolute voltage standpoint than are values near mid-scale, which see little or no voltage error.
Combining these two error sources in Figure 14, we have a plot of the error band of the USB-1408FS for the
±10 V range. This is a graphical version of the typical accuracy specification of the product.
The accuracy plots in Figure 14 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale
Figure 14. Error band plot
Synchronized operations
You can run up to two USB-1408FS devices on most computers. You can connect the SYNC pin of two devices
together in a master/slave configuration and acquire data from the analog inputs of both devices using one
clock. When the SYNC pin is configured as an output, the internal A/D pacer clock signal is sent to the screw
terminal. You can output the clock to the SYNC pin of a second device that is configured for A/D pacer input.
18
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Functional Details
Mechanical drawings
Figure 15. Circuit board (top) and enclosure dimensions
19
Chapter 4
Specifications
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Typical for 25°C unless otherwise specified.
Specifications in italic text are guaranteed by design.
Analog input
Table 1. Analog input specifications
Parameter
A/D converter type
Input voltage range for linear operation,
single-ended mode
Input common-mode voltage range for
linear operation, differential mode
Absolute maximum input voltage
Input impedance
Input current (Note 1)
Number of channels
Input ranges, single-ended mode
Input ranges, differential mode
Throughput (Note 2)
Channel gain queue
Resolution (Note 3)
Integral linearity error
Differential linearity error
Absolute accuracy long term drift
(Note 4)
2.5VREF accuracy (pin 16)
2.5VREF output current (pin 16)
Trigger source
Conditions
Specification
CHx to GND
Successive approximation type
±10 V max
CHx to GND
–10 V min, +20 V max
CHx to GND
±28 V max
122 kΩ
70 µA typ
–12 µA typ
–94 µA typ
8 single-ended / 4 differential
±10 V,
G=2
±20 V,
G=1
±10 V,
G=2
±5 V,
G=4
±4 V,
G=5
±2.5 V, G=8
±2.0 V, G=10
±1.25 V, G=16
±1.0 V, G=20
Software selectable
250 S/s typ, PC-dependent
48 kS/s
Software configurable channel, range, and gain
14-bits, no missing codes
13-bits
±2 LSB typ
±0.5 LSB typ
±3LSB typ (Δt = 1000 hr)
±6LSB typ (Δt = 1000 hr)
±8LSB typ (Δt = 1000 hr)
±36.25 mV max
5 mA max.
20 µA min, 100 µA typ
External digital: TRIG_IN
Vin = +10 V
Vin = 0 V
Vin = –10 V
Software-selectable
Software paced
Hardware paced
Up to 16 elements
Differential
Single-ended
±20 V range
±4 V range
±1 V range
Source
Sink
Software-selectable
Note 1: Input current is a function of applied voltage on the analog input channels. For a given input
voltage, Vin, the input leakage is approximately equal to (8.181*Vin – 12) µA.
Note 2: Maximum throughput scanning to PC memory is machine dependent.
Note 3: The ADS7871 converter only returns 13-bits (0 to 8192 codes) in single-ended mode.
20
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Note 4: Extrapolating the long term drift accuracy specifications will provide the approximate long term drift
of the USB-1408FS intermediate input ranges.
Table 2. Accuracy, differential mode
Range
Absolute Accuracy 25 °C (±mV)
Absolute Accuracy 0 °C to 50 °C (±mV)
±20 V
±10 V
±5 V
±4 V
±2.5 V
±2 V
±1.25 V
±1 V
10.98
7.32
3.66
2.92
1.83
1.70
1.21
1.09
49.08
33.42
20.76
19.02
14.97
14.29
12.18
11.63
Table 3. Accuracy, single-ended mode
Range
Absolute Accuracy 25 °C (±mV)
Absolute Accuracy 0 °C to 50 °C (±mV)
±10 V
10.98
49.08
Table 4. Noise performance, differential mode
Range
Typical counts
Least significant bitroot mean square (LSBrms)
±20 V
±10 V
±5 V
±4 V
±2.5 V
±2 V
±1.25 V
±1 V
8
8
9
10
12
14
18
22
1.21
1.21
1.36
1.51
1.81
2.12
2.72
3.33
Table 5. Noise performance, single-ended mode
Range
Typical Counts
LSBrms
±10 V
8.0
1.21
Analog output
Table 6. Analog output specifications
Parameter
Resolution
Output range
Number of channels
Throughput (Note 5)
Power on and reset voltage
Output drive
Slew rate
Conditions
Specification
Software paced
Single channel, continuous scan
Dual channel, continuous scan,
simultaneous update
12-bits, 1 in 4096
0 V to 4.096 V, 1 mV per LSB
2
250 S/s single channel typical, PC-dependent
10 kS/s
5 kS/s
0V, ±20 mV typ (initializes to 000h code)
±15 mA
0.8 V/µs typ
Each D/A OUT
Note 5: Maximum throughput scanning from PC memory is machine dependent.
21
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Table 7. Analog output accuracy
Range
Accuracy (±LSB)
0 V to 4.096 V
4.0 typ, 45.0 max
Table 8. Analog output accuracy components
Range
% of FSR (±)
Gain Error at FS (±mV)
0 V to 4.096 V
0.1 typ, 0.9 max
4.0 typ, 36.0 max
Offset (±mV)
(Note 6)
1.0 typ, 9.0 max
Accuracy at FS (±mV)
4.0 typ, 45.0 max
Note 6: Zero-scale offsets may result in a fixed zero-scale error producing a "dead-band” digital input code
region.. In this case, changes in digital input code at values less than 0x040 may not produce a
corresponding change in the output voltage. The USB-1408FS offset error is tested and specified at
code 0x040.
Digital I/O
Table 9. Digital I/O specifications
Parameter
Specification
Digital type
Number of I/O
Configuration
Pull-up/pull-down configuration
Input high voltage threshold
CMOS
16 (Port A0 through A7, Port B0 through B7)
2 banks of 8
All pins pulled up to 5V via 47 kΩ resistors (default).
Hardware with p/n 193331x (where x is the revision letter) may be changed to
pull-down using an internal jumper.
Other hardware versions can be configured for pull-down at the factory.
2.0 V min
Input high voltage limit
Input low voltage threshold
5.5 V absolute max
0.8 V max
Input low voltage limit
–0.5 V absolute min
0 V recommended min
3.84 V min
Output high voltage
(IOH = –6.0 mA)
Output low voltage
(IOL = 6.0 mA)
Power on and reset state
0.33 V max
Input
22
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
External trigger
Table 10. External digital trigger specifications
Parameter
Conditions
Specification
Trigger source
Trigger mode
External, digital
Software-selectable
TRIG_IN
Edge sensitive: user configurable for CMOS compatible rising or
falling edge
10 µs max
1 µs min
Schmitt trigger, 47 kΩ pull-down to ground
1.01 V typ
0.6 V min
1.5 V max
2.43 V typ
1.9 V min
3.1V max
5.5 V absolute max
1.42 V typ
1.0 V min
2.0 V max
-0.5 V absolute min
0 V recommended min
Trigger latency
Trigger pulse width
Input type
Schmitt trigger
hysteresis
Input high voltage
threshold
Input high voltage limit
Input low voltage
threshold
Input low voltage limit
External clock input/output
Table 11. External clock I/O specifications
Parameter
Pin name
Pin type
Direction
(software-selectable)
Input clock rate
Clock pulse width
Input type
Schmitt trigger
hysteresis
Input high voltage
threshold
Input high voltage limit
Input low voltage
threshold
Input low voltage limit
Output high voltage
Output low voltage
Conditions
Output
Input (default)
Input mode
Output mode
Specification
SYNC
Bidirectional
Outputs internal A/D pacer clock. Active on rising edge.
Receives A/D pacer clock from external source. Active on rising edge.
48 kHz, maximum
1 µs min
5 µs min
Schmitt trigger, 47 kΩ pull-down to ground
1.01 V typ
0.6 V min
1.5 V max
2.43 V typ
1.9 V min
3.1V max
5.5 V absolute max
1.42 V typ
1.0 V min
2.0 V max
-0.5 V absolute min
0 V recommended min
4.4 V min (IOH = –50 µA)
3.80 V min (IOH = –8 mA)
0.1 V max (IOL = 50 µA)
0.44 V max (IOL = 8 mA)
23
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Counter section
Table 12. Counter specifications
Parameter
Pin name
Counter type
Number of channels
Input type
Input source
Resolution
Maximum input frequency
Specification
CTR
Event counter
1
Schmitt trigger, 47 kΩ pull-down to ground
CTR screw terminal
32 bits
1 MHz
High pulse width
Low pulse width
Schmitt trigger hysteresis
500 ns min
500 ns min
1.01 V typ
0.6 V min
1.5 V max
2.43 V typ
1.9 V min
3.1V max
5.5 V absolute max
1.42 V typ
1.0 V min
2.0 V max
-0.5 V absolute min
0 V recommended min
Input high voltage threshold
Input high voltage limit
Input low voltage threshold
Input low voltage limit
Non-volatile memory
Table 13. Non-volatile memory specifications
Parameter
Specification
EEPROM
EEPROM Configuration
1,024 bytes
Address Range
Access
Description
0x000 to 0x1FF
0x200 to 0x3FF
Read/write
Read/write with unlock
512 bytes user area
512 bytes calibration data
Microcontroller
Table 14. Microcontroller specifications
Parameter
Specification
Type
High performance 16-bit RISC microcontroller
24
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Power
Table 15. Power specifications
Parameter
Supply current (Note 7)
+5V USB power available
(Note 8)
Output current (Note 9)
Conditions
Specification
Connected to self-powered hub
Connected to externally-powered root port hub
Connected to bus-powered hub
Connected to self-powered hub
Connected to externally-powered root port hub
Connected to bus-powered hub
80 mA
4.5 V min, 5.25 V max
4.1 V min, 5.25 V max
420 mA max
20 mA max
Note 7: This is the total current requirement for the USB-1408FS which includes up to 10 mA for the status
LED.
Note 8: Self-powered hub refers to a USB hub with an external power supply. Self-powered hubs allow a
connected USB device to draw up to 500 mA.
Root port hubs reside in the PC USB host controller. The USB port(s) on your PC are root port hubs.
All externally powered root port hubs (desktop PCs) provide up to 500 mA of current for a USB
device. Battery-powered root port hubs provide 100 mA or 500 mA, depending upon the manufacturer.
A laptop PC that is not connected to an external power adapter is an example of a battery-powered root
port hub.
Bus powered hubs receive power from a self-powered or root port hub. In this case the maximum
current available from the USB +5 V is 100 mA. The minimum USB +5 V voltage level can be as low
as 4.1 V.
Note 9: Output current refers to the total amount of current that can be sourced from the USB +5 V, analog
outputs and digital outputs.
General
Table 16. General specifications
Parameter
Specification
Device type
Device compatibility
USB 2.0 full speed
USB 1.1, USB 2.0
Environmental
Table 17. Environmental specifications
Parameter
Specification
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Humidity
0 °C to 70 °C
–40 °C to 70 °C
0% to 90% non-condensing
Mechanical
Table 18. Mechanical specifications
Parameter
Specification
Dimensions
USB cable length
User connection length
79 × 82 × 27 mm (3.10 × 3.20 × 1.05 in.)
3 m (9.84 ft) max
3 m (9.84 ft) max
25
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Screw terminal connector
Table 19. Screw terminal specifications
Parameter
Specification
Connector type
Wire gauge range
Screw terminal
16 AWG to 30 AWG
Differential mode pinout
Table 20. 4-channel differential mode pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Name
CH0 IN HI
CH0 IN LO
AGND
CH1 IN HI
CH1 IN LO
AGND
CH2 IN HI
CH2 IN LO
AGND
CH3 IN HI
CH3 IN LO
AGND
D/A OUT 0
D/A OUT 1
AGND
+2.5VREF
GND
TRIG_IN
SYNC
CTR
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal Name
Port A0
Port A1
Port A2
Port A3
Port A4
Port A5
Port A6
Port A7
GND
PC +5V
GND
Port B0
Port B1
Port B2
Port B3
Port B4
Port B5
Port B6
Port B7
GND
26
USB-1408FS User's Guide
Specifications
Single-ended mode pinout
Table 21. 8-channel single-ended mode pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Name
CH0 IN
CH1 IN
AGND
CH2 IN
CH3 IN
AGND
CH4 IN
CH5 IN
AGND
CH6 IN
CH7 IN
AGND
D/A OUT 0
D/A OUT 1
AGND
+2.5VREF
GND
TRIG_IN
SYNC
CTR
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal Name
Port A0
Port A1
Port A2
Port A3
Port A4
Port A5
Port A6
Port A7
GND
PC +5V
GND
Port B0
Port B1
Port B2
Port B3
Port B4
Port B5
Port B6
Port B7
GND
27
Declaration of Conformity
Manufacturer:
Address:
Category:
Measurement Computing Corporation
10 Commerce Way
Suite 1008
Norton, MA 02766
USA
Electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use.
Measurement Computing Corporation declares under sole responsibility that the product
USB-1408FS
to which this declaration relates is in conformity with the relevant provisions of the following standards or other
documents:
EC EMC Directive 2004/108/EC: Electromagnetic Compatibility, EN 61326-1:2006, (IEC 61326-1:2005)
Emissions:


EN 55011 (1990)/CISPR 11 Radiated emissions: Group 1, Class A
EN 55011 (1990)/CISPR 11 Conducted emissions: Group 1, Class A
Immunity: EN61326-1:2006, (IEC 61326-1:2005) Table 3 Immunity requirements for equipment used in
controlled EM environments.


IEC 61000-4-2 (2001): Electrostatic Discharge immunity.
IEC 61000-4-3 (2002): Radiated Electromagnetic Field immunity.
To maintain the safety, emission, and immunity standards of this declaration, the following conditions must be
met.






The host computer, peripheral equipment, power sources, and expansion hardware must be CE
compliant.
Equipment must be operated in a controlled electromagnetic environment as defined by Standards EN
61326-1:2006, or IEC 61326-1:2005.
Shielded wires must be used for all I/Os and must be less than 3 meters (9.75 feet) in length.
The host computer must be properly grounded.
The host computer must be USB 2.0 compliant.
A protective ESD wrist strap should be used when connecting or disconnecting leads from screw
terminal blocks.
Note: Data acquisition equipment may exhibit noise or increased offsets when exposed to high RF fields
(>1V/m) or transients.
Declaration of Conformity based on tests conducted by Chomerics Test Services, Woburn, MA 01801, USA in
February, 2006. Test records are outlined in Chomerics Test Report #EMI4445.06. Further testing was
conducted by Chomerics Test Services, Woburn, MA. 01801, USA in November, 2008. Test records are
outlined in Chomerics Test report #EMI5193.08.
We hereby declare that the equipment specified conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
Carl Haapaoja, Director of Quality Assurance
Measurement Computing Corporation
10 Commerce Way
Suite 1008
Norton, Massachusetts 02766
(508) 946-5100
Fax: (508) 946-9500
E-mail: [email protected]
www.mccdaq.com
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement