Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual

Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC
Operating Manual
2
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Welcome to a better way of welding.
This operating manual provides the basic knowledge required for TIG
welding, as well as highlighting important areas of how to operate the
Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC machine.
With normal use and by following these recommended steps, your
Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC machine can provide you with years of
trouble free service. BOC equipment and technical support is available
through our national BOC Customer Service Centre or contact your local
Gas & Gear outlet.
Important Notice
This document has been prepared by BOC Limited ABN 95 000 029 729 (‘BOC’), as general information and does not contain and is not to be taken as containing any specific recommendation. The document has been prepared in good faith
and is professional opinion only. Information in this document has been derived from third parties, and though BOC believes it to be reliable as at the time of printing, BOC makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or
completeness of information in this document and does not assume any responsibility for updating any information or correcting any error or omission which may become apparent after the document has been issued. Neither BOC nor any of
its agents has independently verified the accuracy of the information contained in this document. The information in this document is commercial in confidence and is not to be reproduced. The recipient acknowledges and agrees that it must
make its own independent investigation and should consider seeking appropriate professional recommendation in reviewing and evaluating the information. This document does not take into account the particular circumstances of the recipient
and the recipient should not rely on this document in making any decisions, including but not limited to business, safety or other operations decisions. Except insofar as liability under any statute cannot be excluded, BOC and its affiliates,
directors, employees, contractors and consultants do not accept any liability (whether arising in contract, tort or otherwise) for any error or omission in this document or for any resulting loss or damage (whether direct, indirect, consequential
or otherwise) suffered by the recipient of this document or any other person relying on the information contained herein. The recipient agrees that it shall not seek to sue or hold BOC or their respective agents liable in any such respect for the
provision of this document or any other information.
3
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Contents.
1.0Recommended safety guidelines and precautions
4
1.1
1.2
1.3 1.4 5
5
7
7
Health hazard information
Personal protection
Electrical shock User responsibility 2.0 Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW/TIG)
8
2.1 Introduction 2.2 Process 2.3 Process variables
2.4 Shielding gas selection
2.5 Welding wire selection
2.6 Non consumable tungstens
2.7 Welding techniques 2.8 Torch movement during welding
2.9Positioning torch tungsten for various weld joints
2.10 Joint preparation
8
8
9
10
10
11
12
12
14
15
3.0 TIG welding of materials
17
3.1 Application summary 3.2 C-Mn steel 3.3 Alloyed steel
3.4 Stainless steel
3.5Aluminium
3.6 Balanced squarewave
3.7 Copper and copper alloys
17
17
18
18
19
19
20
4.0 Package contents
21
5.0 Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC installation
22
5.1 Installation for TIG setup
5.2Installation for TIG setup with optional foot control
5.3 Installation for MMA process
22
22
23
6.0 Control panel
24
6.1
6.2
6.3
24
24
24
Function switches
Adjustment knobs
Indicator function
7.0 Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC operation
25
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
25
25
25
25
Operation for AC welding
Operation for DC welding
Operation for foot control (TIG welding only)
Operation for MMA welding
8.0 Troubleshooting and fault finding
26
9.0 Periodic maintenance
28
9.1
28
Power source
10.0 Technical specifications
29
11.0 Warranty information
30
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
30
30
30
30
Terms of warranty Limitations on warranty
Warranty period
Warranty repairs
4
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
1.0Recommended safety guidelines
and precautions
Diagram and safety explanation
Electrical safety alert
Welding electrode causing electric shock
Fumes and gases coming from welding process
Welding arc rays
Some safety precautions BOC
recommends are as follows:
• Repair or replace defective cables immediately.
Read instruction manual
• Never watch the arc except through
lenses of the correct shade.
• In confined spaces, adequate ventilation
and constant observation are essential.
Become trained
Wear dry, insulated gloves
• Leads and cables should be kept clear
of passageways.
• Keep fire extinguishing equipment at a handy location
in the workshop.
• Keep primary terminals and live parts effectively covered.
Insulate yourself from work and ground
• Never strike an arc on any gas cylinder.
• Never use oxygen for venting containers.
Disconnect input power before working on equipment
Keep head out of fumes
Use forced ventilation or local exhaust to remove fumes
Use welding helmet with correct shade of filter
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
1.1 Health hazard information
The actual process of welding is one that can cause a variety of hazards.
All appropriate safety equipment should be worn at all times, i.e.
headwear, hand and body protection. Electrical equipment should be
used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Eyes
The process produces ultra violet rays that can injure and cause
permanent damage. Fumes can cause irritation.
Skin
Arc rays are dangerous to uncovered skin.
Inhalation
Welding fumes and gases are dangerous to the health of the operator
and to those in close proximity. The aggravation of pre-existing
respiratory or allergic conditions may occur in some workers. Excessive
exposure may cause conditions such as nausea, dizziness, dryness and
irritation of eyes, nose and throat.
• Fumes from the welding of some metals could have an adverse effect
on your health. Don’t breathe them in. If you are welding on material
such as stainless steel, nickel, nickel alloys or galvanised steel, further
precautions are necessary.
• Wear a respirator when natural or forced ventilation is insufficient.
Eye protection
A welding helmet with the appropriate welding filter lens for the
operation must be worn at all times in the work environment. The
welding arc and the reflecting arc flash gives out ultraviolet and infrared
rays. Protective welding screen and goggles should be provided for
others working in the same area.
Recommended filter shades for arc welding
Less than 150 amps
150 to 250 amps
250 to 300 amps
300 to 350 amps
Over 350 amps
Shade 10*
Shade 11*
Shade 12
Shade 13
Shade 14
1.2 Personal protection
*Use one shade darker for aluminium.
Respiratory
Confined space welding should be carried out with the aid of a fume
respirator or air supplied respirator as per AS/NZS 1715 and AS/NZS 1716
Standards.
Clothing
Suitable clothing must be worn to prevent excessive exposure to UV
radiation and sparks. An adjustable helmet, flameproof loose-fitting
cotton clothing buttoned to the neck, protective leather gloves, spats,
apron and steel capped safety boots are highly recommended.
• You must always have enough ventilation in confined spaces. Be alert
to this at all times.
• Keep your head out of the fumes rising from the arc.
5
6
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
1
2
3
Back view of typical cylinder valve.
Operator wearing personal
protective equipment (PPE)
in safe position.
Cylinder safety diagram
1
2
3
Cylinder valve hand-wheel
Back-plug
Bursting disc
Ten points about cylinder safety
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Read labels and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) before use
Store upright and use in well ventilated, secure areas away from
pedestrian or vehicle thoroughfare
Guard cylinders against being knocked violently or being allowed
to fall
Wear safety shoes, glasses and gloves when handling and
connecting cylinders
Always move cylinders securely with an appropriate trolley. Take
care not to turn the valve on when moving a cylinder
Keep in a cool, well ventilated area, away from heat sources,
sources of ignition and combustible materials, especially
flammable gases
Keep full and empty cylinders separate
Keep ammonia-based leak detection solutions, oil and grease
away from cylinders and valves
Never use force when opening or closing valves
Don’t repaint or disguise markings and damage. If damaged,
return cylinders to BOC immediately
Cylinder valve safety
When working with cylinders or operating cylinder valves, ensure
that you wear appropriate protective clothing – gloves, boots and
safety glasses.
When moving cylinders, ensure that the valve is not accidentally opened
in transit.
Before operating a cylinder valve
Ensure that the system you are connecting the cylinder into is suitable for
the gas and pressure involved.
Ensure that any accessories (such as hoses attached to the cylinder valve,
or the system being connected to) are securely connected. A hose, for
example, can potentially flail around dangerously if it is accidentally
pressurised when not restrained at both ends.
Stand to the side of the cylinder so that neither you nor anyone else is
in line with the back of the cylinder valve. This is in case a back-plug
is loose or a bursting disc vents. The correct stance is shown in the
diagram above.
When operating the cylinder valve
Open it by hand by turning the valve hand-wheel anti-clockwise. Use
only reasonable force.
Ensure that no gas is leaking from the cylinder valve connection or
the system to which the cylinder is connected. DO NOT use ammoniabased leak detection fluid as this can damage the valve. Approved leak
detection fluid, can be obtained from a BOC Gas & Gear centre.
When finished with the cylinder, close the cylinder valve by hand
by turning the valve hand-wheel in a clockwise direction. Use only
reasonable force.
Remember NEVER tamper with the valve.
If you suspect the valve is damaged, DO NOT use it. Report the issue to
BOC and arrange for the cylinder to be returned to BOC.
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
1.3 Electrical shock
• Never touch ‘live’ electrical parts
BOC stock a huge range of personal protective equipment. This combined
with BOC’s extensive Gas and Gear network ensures fast, reliable service
throughout the South Pacific.
• Always repair or replace worn or damaged parts
• Disconnect power source before performing any maintenance or service
• Earth all work materials
• Never work in moist or damp areas
Avoid electric shock by:
• Wearing dry insulated boots
• Wearing dry leather gloves
• Never changing electrodes with bare hands or wet gloves
• Never cooling electrode holders in water
• Working on a dry insulated floor where possible
• Never hold the electrode and holder under your arm
1.4 User responsibility
• Read the Operating Manual prior to installation of this machine
• Unauthorised repairs or modifications to this equipment may endanger
the technician and operator and will void your warranty. Only qualified
personnel approved by BOC should perform repairs
• Always disconnect mains power before investigating equipment
malfunctions
• Parts that are broken, damaged, missing or worn should be replaced
immediately
• Equipment should be cleaned periodically
7
STOP
PLEASE NOTE that under no circumstances should any
equipment or parts be altered or changed in any way from the
standard specification without written permission given by
BOC. To do so, will void the Equipment Warranty.
Further information can be obtained from Welding Institute of Australia
(WTIA) Technical Note No.7.
Health and Safety Welding
Published by WTIA,
PO Box 6165 Silverwater NSW 2128
Phone (02) 9748 4443
8
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
2.0 Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW/TIG)
Schematic of the TIG welding process
Collet
Shielding gas
Tungsten electrode
Arc
TIG filler rod
Weld pool
Workpiece
2.1 Introduction
The Tungsten Inert Gas, or TIG process, uses the heat generated by an
electric arc struck between a non-consumable tungsten electrode and
the workpiece to fuse metal in the joint area and produce a molten weld
pool. The arc area is shrouded in an inert or reducing gas shield to protect
the weld pool and the non-consumable electrode. The process may be
operated autogenously, that is, without filler, or filler may be added by
feeding a consumable wire or rod into the established weld pool.
2.2 Process
Direct or alternating current power sources with constant current output
characteristics are normally employed to supply the welding current.
For DC operation the tungsten may be connected to either output
terminal, but is most often connected to the negative pole. The output
characteristics of the power source can have an effect on the quality of
the welds produced.
Shielding gas is directed into the arc area by the welding torch and a
gas lens within the torch distributes the shielding gas evenly over the
weld area. In the torch the welding current is transferred to the tungsten
electrode from the copper conductor. The arc is then initiated by one of
several methods between the tungsten and the workpiece.
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
2.3 Process variables
Process variable
Explanation
Usage
DCEN
Narrow bead,
deep penetration
Nozzle
Ions
Electrons
When direct-current electrode-negative (straight polarity) For a given diameter of tungsten electrode, higher
is used:
amperage can be used with straight polarity. Straight
polarity is used mainly for welding:
• Electrons strike the part being welded at a high speed
• Intense heat on the base metal is produced
• Carbon steels
• The base metal melts very quickly
• Stainless steels
• Ions from the inert gas are directed towards the
• Copper alloys
negative electrode at a relatively slow rate
The increased amperage provides:
• Direct current with straight polarity does not require
• Deeper penetration
post-weld cleaning to remove metal oxides
• Increased welding speed
• A narrower, deeper, weld bead
DCEP
Wide bead,
shallow penetration
Nozzle
Ions
Electrons
The DCEP (reverse polarity) are different from the DCEN in • Intense heat means a larger diameter of electrode must
following ways:
be used with DCEP
• Maximum welding amperage should be relatively low
• High heat is produced on the electrode rather on the
(approximately six times lower than with DCEN)
base metal
• The heat melts the tungsten electrode tip
• The base metal remains relatively cool compared to
using straight polarity
• Relatively shallow penetration is obtained
• An electrode whose diameter is too large will reduce
visibility and increase arc instability
Alternating Current with High-Frequency
Average bead,
Average penetration
Nozzle
Ions
Electrons
Welding with alternating current combines both directcurrent characteristics:
• In the positive phase, cleaning action occurs in the
weld puddle.
• During the negative phase, heat is concentrated in the
weld puddle.
• The above causes increased penetration.
9
10
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
2.4 Shielding gas selection
2.5 Welding wire selection
Material
Shielding gas
The following table includes the recommended welding consumable for
the most commonly welded materials.
Aluminium Alloys
Argon
Aluminium Bronze
Brass
Cobalt-based alloys
Copper-nickel
(Monel)
Deoxised copper
Nickel alloys
(Inconel)
Steel
Magnesium Alloys
Stainless steel
Titanium
Benefits
Used with high frequency AC
good stable arc
good cleaning action
Argon/Helium Used with high frequency AC
good cleaning action
higher welding speed
increased penetration
Argon
Reduces penetration during
surfacing minimising dilution
Argon
Stable arc
Low fume
Argon
Stable and easy to control arc
Argon
Stable and easy to control arc
Can be used for copper-nickel
to steel
Helium
Increased heat input
Stable arc
Good penetration
Helium(75%)/ Stable arc
Lower penetration
Argon(25%)
Argon
Stable arc
Manual operation
Helium
High speed automated welding
Argon
Stable arc
Good penetration
Helium
High speed automatic welding
Deeper penetration
Small concentrated HAZ
Argon
Used with continuous high
frequency AC
Good arc stability
Good cleaning action
Argon
Good penetration
Good arc stability
Helium
Deeper penetration
Argon
Stable arc
Helium
High speed welding
Base material
BOC Consumable
C-Mn and low carbon steels
Low Alloy steels
1.25Cr/0.5Mo
2.5Cr/1Mo
Stainless Steel
304/304L
316/316L
309/309-C-Mn
321/Stabilised grades
Aluminium
1000 series
5000 series
6000 series
BOC Mild steel TIG wire
Filler rod diameter (mm)
Thickness of metal (mm)
2
3
4
4 or 5
5 or 6
0.5 – 2
2 – 5
5 – 8
8 – 12
12 or more
Comweld CrMo1
Comweld CrMo2
Profill 308
Profill 316
Profill 309
Profill 347
Comweld 1100
Comweld 4043/4047/5356
Comweld 4043/4047/5356
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
11
2.6 Non consumable tungstens
Tungsten Electrode Selector Chart
Thickness range
Desired results
Welding
current Electrode type
Shielding gas
Tungsten performance characteristics
Pure
(EW-P)
Argon
Balls easily. Low cost. Tends to spit at higher currents. Used for noncritical welds only.
Zirconiated
(EW-Zr)
Argon
Balls well. Takes higher current, with less spitting and with better arc
starts and arc stability than pure tungsten.
2% Thoriated
(EW-Th2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Higher current range and stability. Better arc starts, with lower tendency
to spit.
Medium erosion.
Aluminium alloys and Magnesium alloys
All
General purpose
ACHF
Only thin sections
Control
penetration
DCRP
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
Argon
Helium
Lowest erosion rate. Widest current range.  AC or DC. No spitting. Best
arc starts and stability.
Only thick sections
Increase
penetration or
travel speed
DCSP
2% Thoriated
(EW-Th2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Best stability at medium currents. Good arc starts. Medium tendency to
spit.
Medium erosion rate.
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
Helium
Low erosion rate. Wide current range.  AC or DC. No spitting. Consistent
arc starts.
Good stability.
2% Thoriated
(EW-Th2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Best stability at medium currents. Good arc starts. Medium tendency to
spit.
Medium erosion rate.
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Low erosion rate. Wide current range.  AC or DC. No spitting. Consistent
arc starts.
Good stability.
Copper alloys, Cu-NI alloys and Nickel alloys
All
General purpose
DCSP
Only thin sections
Control
penetration
ACHF
Zirconiated
(EW-Zr)
Argon
Use on lower currents only. Spitting on starts. Rapid erosion rates at
higher currents.
Only thick sections
Increase
penetration or
travel speed
DCSP
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Low erosion rate. Wide current range.  AC or DC. No spitting. Consistent
arc starts.
Good stability.
Mild Steels, Carbon Steels, Alloy Steels, Stainless Steels and Titanium alloys
All
General purpose
DCSP
2% Thoriated
(EW-Th2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Best stability at medium currents. Good arc starts. Medium tendency to
spit.
Medium erosion rate.
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Low erosion rate. Wide current range.  AC or DC. No spitting. Consistent
arc starts.
Good stability.
2% Lanthanated 75% Argon/
(EWG-La2)
25% Helium
Lowest erosion rate. Widest current range on DC. No spitting. Best DC arc
starts and stability.
Only thin sections
Control
penetration
ACHF
Zirconiated
(EW-Zr)
Argon
Use on lower current only. Spitting on starts. Rapid erosion rates at
higher currents.
Only thick sections
Increase
penetration or
travel speed
DCSP
2% Ceriated
(EW-Ce2)
75% Argon/
25% Helium
Low erosion rate. Wide current range. No spitting. Consistent arc starts.
Good stability.
2% Lanthanated Helium
(EWG-La2)
Lowest erosion rate. Highest current range. No spitting. Best DC arc starts
and stability.
12
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
2.7 Welding techniques
2.8 Torch movement during welding
TIG Welding techniques
Tungsten Without Filler Rod
Welding
direction
Welding
direction
Vertical
Welding Rod
60–75°
Shield gas
75°
Form pool
Nozzle
15–30°
Direction of travel
Tungsten With Filler Rod
Form pool
75°
75°
75°
Tungsten electrode
75°
The suggested electrode and welding rod angles for welding a bead on
plate are shown above. The same angles are used when making a butt
weld. The torch is held 60–75° from the metal surface. This is the 75°
same as
holding the torch 15–30° from the vertical.
Tilt torch
75°
15°
Tilt torch
75°
15°
Take special note that the rod is in the shielding gas during the
welding process.
75°
75°
Move torch to front of pool. Repeat.
15°
Add filler metal
75°
15°
75°
15°
Remove rod
Move torch to front of pool. Repeat.
15°
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Tungsten tip preparation
DCSP (EN) or DCRP (EP)
= Diameter
ACHP General Purpose
Flat
1/4–1/2x Dia
Max. ball
1x Dia
Taper length
2–3x Dia
Ball tip by arcing on clean metal at low current DCRP (EP) then slowly
increase current to form the desired ball diameter. Return setting to AC.
Tungsten grinding
Shape by grinding longitudinally (never
radially). Remove the sharp point to
leave a truncated point with a flat
spot. Diameter of flat spot determines
amperage capacity (See below).
Use a medium (60 grit or finer)
aluminium oxide wheel.
Tungsten extension
Gas Lens Parts
Standard Parts
General
purpose
3x Dia
General
purpose
3x Dia
Maximum
6x Dia
(in draft free areas)
Tungsten electrode tip shapes and current ranges
Thoriated, ceriated, and lanthanated tungsten electrodes do not ball
as readily as pure or zirconiated tungsten electrodes, and as such are
typically used for DCSP welding. These electrodes maintain a ground
tip shape much better than the pure tungsten electrodes. If used on
AC, thoriated and lanthanated electrodes often spit. Regardless of the
electrode tip geometry selected, it is important that a consistent tip
configuration be used once a welding procedure is established. Changes
in electrode geometry can have a significant influence not only on the
weld bead width, depth of penetration, and resultant quality, but also on
the electrical characteristics of the arc. Below is a guide for electrode tip
preparation for a range of sizes with recommended current ranges.
Tungsten electrode tip shapes and current ranges
The included angle determines weld
bead shape and size. Generally, as the
included angle increases, penetration
increases and bead width decreases.
13
Electrode
diameter (mm)
Diameter arc
tip (mm)
Constant
included angle,
(degrees)
Current range
(A)
1.0
1.0
1.6
1.6
2.3
2.3
3.2
3.2
0.125
0.250
0.500
0.800
0.800
1.100
1.100
1.500
12
20
25
30
35
45
60
90
2 – 15
5 – 30
8 – 50
10 – 70
12 – 90
15 – 150
20 – 200
25 – 250
90°
14
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
90°
90°
70°
70°
90°
90°
20°
70° 20°
20°
20°
20
20°
20°
20°
20°
75°
75°
20°
10°
15°
15°
10°
70°
70°90°
10°
90°
2.9Positioning torch tungsten for various weld joints
90°
Butt Weld and Stringer bead
Corner Joint
90°
70°
°
70°
90°
90° 70°
20°
15°
20°
75°
75°
15°
15°
20-40
20°
20°
‘T’ Joint
20-40°
Lap Joint
75°
75°
20-40°
20-40°
20-40°
20°
20°
75°
20°
75°
15°
15° 10°
10°
15°
20-40° 75°
15°
15°
10°
10°
75°
75°
75°
15°
30°
15°
75°
75°15°
20°
90°
20°
90°
20°
20°
70°
90°
90°
10°
15°
75°
15°
10°
75°
10°
30° 15°
75°
30°
75°
15°
30°
15°
75°
22
ss
s
22
s
s s
r=
r =r =2
22
15
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
s
s s
s
r=
s2
s
r=
r= 2
2
2
2
22
s
2.10 Joint preparation
s
2
s
s s s
r = r =r =
2 22
2
2
s s s
ss s
r r==r =
22 2
ss
r r==
22
2 2 32
33
ss s
22 2
ss
3
3 322
3
3
3
3 33
33 3
33
10°
10°
10°
33
0- S
0- SS 2
022
50°
50°
2-3.5
2-3.5
2-3.5
3
33 3
11
1
1
11
1
1
50°50°
50°
2-3.5
50°
50°
2-3.5
1 11
50°
50°
50°
2-3.550°
2-3.5
2-3.5
2-3.5
50°
50°
50°
2-3.5
2-3.5
2-3.5
~
~3
~
~33
~~
50°
2-3.5
2-3.5
50°
50°
~3
~
~3
~
~ 3~
All measurements in mm
50°50°
50°
~
~3
50°
50°
50°
~
3
~
~
~3
50°
50°
0-3
10°
10°
10°
~
~0-3
~~
~
4~
44
10°
10°
10°10°
10°
~
~
~40-3
4~ 40-3
~~
0-3
11 1
11
3-20
3-20
3-20
33
3-20
3-20
3-20
~
~~
~44
0-30-3
60°
0-3
10°
10°
60°
60°
10°
22
2
3-20
3-20
3-20
3-203-20
3-20
3-20
15-40
3-20
3-20
15-40
15-40
3-20
3-20
15-40
15-40
15-40
~
~5
~
~ ~5 5
~
~5
~
~5
~
~5
~
~5~
~5 5 20°
~~
20°
~
~~
~5520°
15-40
15-40
15-40
12 1212
2
2
2 22
22 55
16
1616
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
50°50°
50°
16
5
5
5
16 1616
5 55
161616
~ 15°
15°
~~ 15°
~ 15°
15°
~ ~15°
1616
33
3
33
3
20°
20°
20°
~
~ 6~
~~
66
~
1.5-3
50°
1.5-3
1.5-3 2 22
1.5-3
1.5-3
50°
50°
16
16
~
~~ 62-3
~
~~
6 62-3
20°
20°
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
5
5
55
3
3
55 5
3
55
1
50°
50°
50°
1.5-3
1.5-3
50°
1.5-350°
2
~ 15°
~ ~15°
15°
~15°
~~15°
15°
~~15°
15°
8-40
8-40
8-40
2
8-40
8-40
8-40
Offset2 2
2
22
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
8-40
6-20
6-20
8-40
8-40
2
~ 15°
~ 15°
~ 15°
6-20
6-20
6-20
11
2 22
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
6-20
6-20
6-20
6-206-20
6-20
1.5-3
2
1.5-3
1.5-3
50°
22
50°
50°
11 1
121216
16
16
22 2
1
1 11
121212
60°
60°
2-32-3
2-3
~
~6
20°20°
20°
~
~6
~
~6
1
1.5-3
50°
1.5-3
50°
50°
1.5-3
2
60°
~
60°
~60°
6
2-3
2-3
2-3
~
~66
~~
15-40
15-40
15-40
1
11
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
12
1
6-20
6-20
6-20
12
12
2-3
2-3
2-3
60°
10°10°
10°
60°
60°
2-3
10°
10°
10°
20°
20° 2-3
20°
2-360°60°
60°
10°
10°
20°
20°
20°
~
~ 5~
~~
~5 5
11
1.5-3
1.5-3
1.5-3
12
1212
2
22
0-3
0-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
60°
60°
60°
~
~ 5 10°
~
~ 55
~~
10°
10°
6-20
6-20
6-20
12
12
12
~
~ 4 10°
10°
~
~ 410°
0-3
3
3 33
1
50°
50°
10°
10° 0-3
0-3
0-3
~
~4
3
0- S
2
0- S
0- S
2
50°
2
50°
50°
0- 0-S0- S S
2 22
22
50°
3
3
33
0- SS
0-0- S
2
22
SS S
50°
00-0-50°
50°
2
222-3.5
SS
2-3.5
0-0-2-3.5
~
~4
~
~44
~~
10°
10°
10°
0-3
0-3
0-3
~
~
4
~
~
~
~10°
44
Roll direction
8-408-40
8-40
8-40
8-40
8-40
8-40
8-40
16
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Condition
Long arc length
Result
Undercut
Porosity
Air
Air
Wide bead
profile
Acute angle
Loss of gas
coverage
Air
Oxides
Angular
mis-alignment
Unsymmetrical bead
profile
Mis-alignment
Incomplete
penetration
Filler rod removed
from gas shield
Oxides
Rod
movement
Tungsten inclusions
Electrode contact
with the weld pool
Tungsten inclusions
Oxides
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
17
3.0 TIG welding of materials
3.1 Application summary
3.2 C-Mn steel
Material
Type of current
Polarity
C-Mn steel
Alloyed steel
Copper and Cu alloys
Nickel and Ni alloys
Titanium and Ti alloys
Aluminum and Al alloys
Direct current (-)
Direct current (-)
Direct current (-)
Direct current (-)
Direct current (-)
Alternating current (~)
Direct current (-)
with Helium
Alternating current (~)
DC negative
DC negative
DC negative
DC negative
DC negative
Magesium and Mg alloys
DC negative
TIG welding may be used for welding carbon steel but because
deposition rates are low, it is usually only used for welding sheet and thin
sections for high quality applications, small components, and root passes
of multipass butt joints in plate and pipe.
Standard DC TIG equipment is normally suitable and DCEN polarity is
usually chosen to provide good workpiece heating.
Only inert or reducing gases should be used for TIG welding and pure
argon is normally recommended as the shielding gas for steel.
Filler rods are usually selected to match the chemical composition and
the mechanical properties of the parent plate. The weldability of the steel
may impose restrictions on the choice of filler rod.
Steels with carbon contents above about 0.3% are hardenable, and fast
cooling will produce a hard HAZ and this is liable to result in hydrogen
cracking. This form of cracking can be prevented by use of preheat and
suitable welding procedures.
C-Mn steel welding parameters
Plate thickness (mm)
Joint type
Number of passes
Tungsten electrode (mm)
Consumable size (mm)
Current (A)
Welding speed (cm/min)
Gasflow (l/min)
0.8
Fillet
1
1.6
1.5
70
30
5
1
Fillet
1
1.6
1.5
90
30
5
Shielding gas: Argon, Consumable ER70S-6, Position: Downhand, Polarity: DC–
1.5
Fillet
1
1.6
2
110
30
6
2
Fillet
1
2.4
2.5
130
25
6
1
Butt
1
1.6
1.5
80
20
6
1.5
Butt
1
1.6
2
120
20
7
2
Butt
1
2.4
2.5
140
20
7
18
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
3.3 Alloyed steel
3.4 Stainless steel
TIG welding may be used for welding alloy steels but because deposition
rates are low, it is usually only used for welding sheet and thin sections
for high quality applications, small components, and root passes of
multipass butt joints in plate and pipe.
TIG is a high quality process ideally suited for welding of stainless steels,
particularly thin sheet up to about 5 mm thick where weld integrity
and good surface finish are critical. The process has a high degree of
controllability resulting in clean, smooth, high quality welds with good
penetration and strength with very low defect rates.
Standard DC TIG equipment is normally suitable and DCEN polarity is
usually chosen to provide good workpiece heating. Tungsten electrodes
with additions of thorium oxide, cerium oxide, or lanthanum oxide are
used for welding steel and they give good arc stability.
Only inert or reducing gases should be used for TIG welding and pure
argon is normally recommended as the shielding gas for welding
alloy steel.
Filler rods are usually selected to match the chemical composition and
the mechanical properties of the parent plate. The weldability of the
steel may impose restrictions on the choice of filler rod.
Alloy steels with high carbon equivalents are hardenable, and fast
cooling will produce a hard HAZ and this is liable to result in hydrogen
cracking. This form of cracking can be prevented by use of preheat and
suitable welding procedures.
Standard TIG equipment is suitable and stainless steels are TIG welded
using DCEN polarity.
A thoriated tungsten electrode is normally used but health concerns
have promoted use of ceriated or lanthanated instead. The filler rod
used depends on the type of stainless being welded but, in general, is
matching for austenitic grades, enriched in nickel for duplex grades, and
may be matching or an austenitic type for ferritic and martensitic grades.
Shielding gas is conventionally pure argon, but other gases are available
to provide specific properties and these include argon-hydrogen, argonhelium mixtures, argon-helium-hydrogen, and argon-nitrogen mixtures.
When welding pipes an inert gas purge is required inside the pipe to
prevent oxidation on the underside of the weld. Gas purging may also be
used to protect the root side of butt welds in plate or sheet materials too.
General welding parameters
Plate thickness (mm)
Tungsten electrode (mm)
Gas flow (l/min)
Current (A)
Consumable size (mm)
Polarity: DC –
1
1
3 – 4
30 – 60
1
1.5
1.6
3 – 4
70 – 100
1.5
2
1.6
4
90 – 110
1.5 – 2.0
3
1.6 – 2.4
4 – 5
120 – 150
2.0 – 3.0
5
2.4 – 3.2
4 – 6
190 – 250
3.0 – 4.0
6
3.2 – 4.0
5 – 6
220 – 340
4.0 – 6.0
8
4
5 – 6
300 – 360
4.0 – 6.0
12
4.8 – 6.4
5 – 7
350 – 450
4.0 – 6.0
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
3.5Aluminium
3.6 Balanced squarewave
TIG is a high quality process widely used for welding aluminium,
particularly in section size up to about 6mm. The process may be
operated with or without filler.
The balance on squarewave machines can be adjusted to achieve
the desired results. Greater amounts of EN create a deeper, narrower
weldbead and better joint penetration. This helps when welding thick
material and promote faster welding speeds. Greater amounts of
EP removes more oxides from the surface but also have a shallower
penetration.
TIG welding of aluminium can be carried out using any of the three
standard operating modes, alternating current (AC), direct current
electrode negative (DCEN) and direct current electrode positive (DCEP).
AC is the most frequently used since with AC cleaning of the oxide
film occurs on the electrode positive cycle and heating occurs on the
electrode negative cycle. With aluminium the surface oxide film must
be removed to allow full fusion to take place and AC TIG does this
efficiently, allowing high quality joints to be made. High purity argon and
argon-helium shielding gas mixtures can be used. The AC output may
be conventional sine wave or square wave and many electronic power
sources allow the AC waveform to be adjusted, and also provide facilities
for pre- and post- gas flow and current slope-in and slope-out.
Aluminium welding parameters
Plate Thickness (mm)
1
2
3
Joint type
Square butt
Square butt
Square butt
Tungsten size (mm)
1.6
1.6
2.4
Consumable Size (mm)
1.6
3.2
3.2
Current (A)
75
110
125
Welding speed (mm/min)
26
21
17
Gas flow (l/min)
5
6
6
Alternating current, Welding position: Downhand: Pure Aluminium
4
Square butt
2.4
3.2
160
15
8
5
Square butt
2.4
3.2
185
14
10
5
V-butt (70)
3.2
3.2
165
14
12
6
Square butt
3.2
3.2
210
8
12
6
V-butt (70)
3.2
3.2
185
10
12
19
20
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
3.7 Copper and copper alloys
Cleanliness is important when welding copper, and all dirt, grease, and
other contaminants must be removed before welding. Copper alloys
containing aluminium will form a surface oxide film and this must also be
removed before welding. Preheat will be required for unalloyed copper
but some copper alloys can be TIG welded without preheat except on
thick sections.
Standard DC TIG welding equipment is suitable for most copper and
copper alloys, but aluminium bronze is normally TIG welded using AC
current to break down the tenacious oxide film on the surface.
Pure argon, helium, or argon-helium mixtures are standard shielding
gases for DC TIG welding copper and copper alloys. Alushield Heavy
is ideal for TIG welding copper and some copper alloys, particularly in
thicker sections. Pure argon is the shielding gas used for AC TIG welding.
TIG consumables are solid filler rods based on pure copper and several
copper alloy compositions, including aluminium bronzes, silicon bronzes,
and cupro-nickels. It is normal to try to use a filler material with a similar
composition to that of the parent material but this is not always possible,
and sometimes not desirable.
Porosity is the main welding problem encountered when TIG welding
unalloyed copper and some copper alloys are prone to solidification
cracking and porosity. Certain alloys are difficult to weld (brass will lose
zinc if welding is attempted), and welding is not recommeded for those
containing lead.
Copper and copper alloy welding parameters
Plate thickness (mm)
Joint type
Root gap (mm)
Layers
Tungsten size (mm)
Consumable size (mm)
Current (A)
Welding speed (cm/min)
Gasflow (l/min)
1.5
Square butt
1.0
1
1.6
2.0
120
0.29
7
3
Square butt
2.0
1
3.2
3.0
185
0.25
8
5
Square butt
3.0
2
4.0
4.0
270
0.15
8
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
4.0Package contents
Front Connections of TIG 185 AC/DC
VRD
GAS
Negative output terminal
Gas-electricity system output terminal
Torch/foot contol socket
Positive output terminal
Package Contents
Power source
Work return lead
TIG torch
MMA electrode holder and cable
Regulator
Gas hose
Operator’s manual
Foot control (optional extra)
21
22
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
5.0 Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC installation
Installation for TIG setup
Installation for TIG setup using foot control
VRD
VRD
GAS
GAS
MAX
MIN
WARNING
Before installing please ensure that all the power is turned off. Connect
the work return lead to the machine. Ensure that the work return
lead is firmly connected before connecting the power plug in to the
electrical output socket. Ensure free flow of air around machine to avoid
overheating.
5.2Installation for TIG setup with
optional foot control
1 Connect one end of the work return lead to positive of the front
panel, and fasten it clockwise. Connect the other end of the clamp to
the work piece.
2 Connect the gas cylinder to the regulator. Select correct shielding gas
for the application.
5.1 Installation for TIG setup
3 Connect the dinse plug of the TIG torch to negative
panel, and fasten it clockwise.
of the front
1 Connect one end of the work return lead to positive of the front
panel, and fasten it clockwise. Connect the other end of the clamp to
the work piece.
4 Connect securely the gas lead of the TIG torch to the gas output
terminal
.
2 Connect the gas cylinder to the regulator. Select correct shielding gas
for the application.
5 Connect the electical lead of the foot control to the 5-pin Torch/foot
and fasten the screw.
contol socket
3 Connect the dinse plug of the TIG torch to negative
panel, and fasten it clockwise.
6 The 5-pin plug of the TIG torch should now hang free.
of the front
4 Connect securely the gas lead of the TIG torch to the gas output
terminal
.
5 Connect the 5-pin plug of the TIG torch to the Torch/foot contol socket
and fasten the screw.
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Installation for MMA process
VRD
GAS
5.3 Installation for MMA process
1 Connect the work return lead into the negative
and fasten it clockwise.
2 Connect the electrode holder to the positive
fasten it clockwise tightly.
of the machine
of the machine and
3 Please note that for manual metal arc (MMA) welding the electrode
holder can be switched to the negative pole of the welding machine
if so required by the specification of the electrode.
23
24
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
6.0 Control panel
Control Panel of TIG 185 AC/DC
Frequency switch
MMA/TIG switch
AC/DC switch
2T/4T switch
Current meter
Over-heat
protection indicator
Over-current
protection indicator
VRD
VRD indicator
Foot control indicator
AC balance adjustment
Welding current adjustment
Down slope adjustment
Post flow adjustment
6.1 Function switches
1 AC/DC switch. AC switch intended for aluminium. DC position is for all
other materials.
2 2T/4T switch (trigger latching). This special feature allows the
operator to relax the trigger after first depressing it, the gas shielding
to start before the welding commences. This feature is of particular
importance as it ensures that the weld will have adequate gas
shielding to eliminate the risk of oxidisation (contaminants) causing a
defective weld. (Remember, a defective weld may not be detected by
a visual inspection.)
3 MMA/TIG switch. Allows you to switch between TIG and
MMA welding.
4 Frequency switch. Changes the pulse frequency.
6.2 Adjustment knobs
5 Down slope adjustment. Down-slope adjustment allows a gradual
decrease in amperage at the end of the weld to improve crater
control.
6 Post flow adjustment. Allows a variable flow of shielding gas after
current has been switched off to ensure that no oxidation of both the
tungsten and the weld pool happens.
7 Welding current adjustment. When switched to MMA function only
the current control knob is active.
6.3 Indicator function
1 Over-heat protection indicator. This indicator will illuminate when
the duty cycle of the machine has been exceeded. The machine will
normally reset itself after 2-3 minutes.
2 Over-current protection indicator. This indicator will illuminate when
an accidental over-current has occurred.
3 VRD indicator. This indicator will illuminate when useing MMA mode.
1 Welding current adjustment. Adjusts welding current.
2 AC balance adjustment. In addition to increasing the welding current
in AC applications, a change in the penetration or cleaning when
welding can be achieved by adjusting the AC Balance.
3 The AC balance (time spend in the positive (maximum cleaning)
or negative (maximum penetration) can be adjusted by using the
AC balance adjustment. By adjusting the AC balance adjustment from
20-100% progressively increases the time in the positive side of the
AC curve (higher heat concentration in the non-consumable tungsten
electrode). This has the result that the amount of penetration is
decreased.
4 With the AC balance adjustment set at 20%, higher currents can be
used on thinner electrodes, resulting in the use of smaller gas cups,
therefore increasing visibility and reducing gas flows.
4 Foot control indicator. This indicator will illuminate when foot control
is in use.
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
25
7.0 Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC operation
WARNING
Do not connect or disconnect the machine cables whilst welding as this
may cause serious harm to yourself and/or the machine.
7.1 Operation for AC welding
discharge in the welding machine will be audible and the shielding
gas will flow
7.3 Operation for foot control (TIG welding only)
1 Refer to section 5.1 for how to connect torch
1 Ensure the foot pedal is correctly installed as described in 5.2.
The foot control indicator light will illuminate when the foot pedal
is in use.
2 Switch MMA/TIG switch to TIG
2 Switch MMA/TIG switch to TIG
3 Set the AC/DC switch to AC
3 Turn on power switch on the rear of machine (fan will operate
continuously)
4 Turn on power switch on the rear of machine (fan will operate
continuously)
4 Turn on shielding gas and regulate gas flow to specified flow rate
5 Turn on shielding gas and regulate gas flow to specified flow rate
5 The post flow can be regulated by adjusting the post flow adjustment
6 Select the AC balance control based on the degree of cleaning of the
base material that is required
6 Press the foot control pedal to start up the electromagnetic valve. The
sound of the high frequency spark discharge in the welding machine
will be audible and the shielding gas will flow
7 The post flow can be regulated by adjusting the post flow adjustment
8 Press the contactor switch on the welding torch to start up the
electromagnetic valve. The sound of the high frequency spark
discharge in the welding machine will be audible and the shielding
gas will flow
7.2 Operation for DC welding
1 Switch MMA/TIG switch to TIG
2 Set the AC/DC switch to DC
3 Turn on power switch on the rear of machine (fan will operate
continuously)
4 Turn on shielding gas and regulate gas flow to specified flow rate
5 The post flow can be regulated by adjusting the post flow adjustment
6 Press the contactor switch on the welding torch to start up the
electromagnetic valve. The sound of the high frequency spark
7 Step on the foot switch for remote control. The minimum and
maximum current can be set by the two dials on the side. These dials
control the percentage of the welding current that has been selected
on the machine. e.g. if you set the current on the machine to 100 and
you turn the ’max’ dial half way then the current will not exceed 50.
7.4 Operation for MMA welding
1 Switch MMA/TIG switch to MMA. When using MMA function the VRD
light will illumate.
2 Turn on power switch (fan will operate continuously)
3 Select proper welding current according to the electrode
manufacturer’s specification
26
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
8.0 Troubleshooting and fault finding
Excessive electrode consumption
Cause
Inadequate gas flow
Inadequate post gas flow
Improper size electrode for current required
Operating of reverse polarity
Electrode contamination
Excessive heating inside torch
Electrode oxidising during cooling
Shielding gas incorrect
Solution
Increase gas flow
Increase post flow time to 1 sec per 10 amps
Use larger electrode
User larger electrode or change polarity
Remove contaminated portion, then prepare again
Replace collet. Try wedge collet or reverse collet
Increase gas flow post time to 1 sec per 10 amps
Change to Argon (no oxygen or CO2)
Erratic Arc
Cause
Incorrect voltage (arc too long)
Current too low for electrode size
Electrode contaminated
Joint too narrow
Contaminated shield gas. Dark stains on the electrode or
weld bead indicate contamination
Base metal is oxidised, dirty or oily
Solution
Maintain short arc length
Use smaller electrode or increase current
Remove contaminated portion, then prepare again
Open joint groove
The most common cause is moisture or aspirated air in gas stream. Use welding grade gas only.
Find the source of the contamination and eliminate it promptly
Use appropriate chemical cleaners, wire brush, or abrasives prior to welding
Inclusion of tungsten or oxides in weld
Cause
Excessive current for tungsten size used
Accidental contact of electrode with puddle
Accidental contact of electrode to filler rod
Using excessive electrode extension
Inadequate shielding or excessive drafts
Wrong gas
Heavy surface oxides not being removed
Solution
Reduce the current or use larger electrode
Maintain proper arc length
Maintain a distance between electrode and filler metal
Reduce the electrode extension to recommended limits
Increase gas flow, shield arc from wind, or change to gas saver or gas lens
Do not use ArO2 or ArCO2 GMAW (MIG) gases for TIG welding
Use ACHF.  Adjust balance control for maximum cleaning, or wire brush and clean the weld joint
prior to welding
Porosity in Weld Deposit
Cause
Entrapped impurities, hydrogen, air, nitrogen, water vapour
Defective gas hose or loose connection
Filler material is damp (particularly aluminium)
Filler material is oily or dusty
Alloy impurities in the base metal such as sulphur,
phosphorous, lead and zinc
Excessive travel speed with rapid freezing of weld trapping
gases before they escape
Contaminated shield gas
Solution
Do not weld on wet material.
Check hoses and connections for leaks
Dry filler metal in oven prior to welding
Replace filler metal
Change to a different alloy composition which is weldable. These impurities can cause a
tendency to crack when hot
Lower the travel speed
Replace the shielding gas
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
Cracking in Welds
Cause
Hot cracking in heavy sections or welding on metals prone
to hot cracking
Post weld cold cracking due to excessive joint restraint,
rapid cooling or hydrogen embrittlement
Centreline cracks in single pass weld
Underbead cracking from brittle microstructure
Solution
Increase weld bead cross-section size. Change weld bead contour for e.g. concave to flat or
convex, check fit-up gap, reduce welding speed
Preheat prior to welding. Use pure or non-contaminated gas. Increase the bead size. Prevent
craters or notches. Change the weld joint design
Increase bead size. Decrease root opening. Use preheat. Prevent craters
Eliminate sources of hydrogen, joint restraint, and use preheat
Inadequate shielding
Cause
Gas flow blockage or leak in hoses or torch
Excessive travel speed exposes molten weld to
atmospheric contamination
Wind or drafts
Excessive electrode stickout
Excessive turbulence in gas stream
Solution
Locate and eliminate the blockage or leak
Use slower travel speed or carefully increase the flow rate to a safe level below creating
excessive turbulence. Use a trailing shield cup
Set up screens around the weld area
Reduce electrode stickout. Use a larger size cup, or switch to gas saver or gas lens
Change to gas safer parts or gas lens parts
Short parts Life
Cause
Cup shattering or cracking in use
Short collet life
Short torch head life
Solution
Change cup size or type. Change tungsten position
Ordinary style is split and twists or jams. Change to wedge style
Do not operate beyond rated capacity. Do not bend torch heads
27
28
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
9.0 Periodic maintenance
WARNING
Only authorised electricians should carry out repairs and internal
servicing
Modification of the 15A primary input plug or fitment of a lower rated
primary input plug will render the warranty null and void.
The working environment or amount of use the machine receives should
be taken into consideration when planning maintenance frequency of
your Smootharc welder.
Preventative maintenance will ensure trouble-free welding and increase
the life of the machine and its consumables.
9.1 Power source
• Check electrical connections of unit at least twice a year.
• Clean oxidised connections and tighten.
• Inner parts of machine should be cleaned
with a vacuum cleaner and soft brush.
• Do not use any pressure-washing devices.
• Do not use compressed air as pressure may pack dirt even more tightly
into components.
BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
10.0 Technical specifications
Specifications
Part No.
Power voltage AC
Frequency
Rated input current (Imax)
Output current range
Rated working voltage
No-load voltage
Duty cycle
35%
100%
Arc initiation
Remote control
Efficiency
Power factor
Insulation grade
Housing protection grade
Dimensions L × W × H
Weight
Standards
TIG
MMA
BOC185ACDC/FC
Single phase 240 V ±15 %
50/60 Hz
22.0 A
24.5 A
10 to 180 A
10 to 135 A
17.2 V
25.4 V
64 V
180 A
135 A
106 A
80 A
HF
Yes (for foot control connection)
80 %
0.73
F
IP21
450 × 204 × 368 mm
14.7 kg
IEC 60974.1; 10
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BOC Smootharc TIG 185 AC/DC Operating Manual
11.0 Warranty information
11.1 Terms of warranty
11.3 Warranty period
The Smootharc machine has a limited warranty that covers manufacturing
and material defects only. The warranty is affected on the day of
purchase and does not cover any freight, packaging and insurance costs.
Verbal promises that do not comply with terms of warranty are not
binding on warrantor.
The warranty is valid for 18 months from date of purchase provided the
machine is used within the published specification limits.
11.2 Limitations on warranty
The following conditions are not covered under terms of warranty: loss or
damage due to or resulting from natural wear and tear, non‑compliance
with operating and maintenance instructions, connection to incorrect
or faulty voltage supply (including voltage surges outside equipment
specs), incorrect gas pressure overloading, transport or storage damage
or fire or damage due to natural causes (e.g. lightning or flood). This
warranty does not cover direct or indirect expenses, loss, damage of
costs including, but not limited to, daily allowances or accommodation
and travelling costs.
Modification of the 15A primary input plug or fitment of a lower rated
primary input plug will render the warranty null and void.
NOTE
Under the terms of warranty, welding torches and their consumables are
not covered. Direct or indirect damage due to a defective product is not
covered under the warranty. The warranty is void if changes are made
to the product without approval of the manufacturer, or if repairs are
carried out using non-approved spare parts. The warranty is void if a nonauthorised agent carries out repairs.
11.4 Warranty repairs
A BOC approved service provider must be informed within the warranty
period of any warranty defect. The customer must provide proof of
purchase and serial number of the equipment when making a warranty
claim. Warranty repairs may only be carried out by approved BOC service
providers. Please contact your local BOC Gas & Gear for a directory of BOC
approved service providers in your area.
For more information contact the BOC Customer Service Centre.
BOC Australia
131 262
BOC Limited
10 Julius Avenue, North Ryde NSW 2113, Australia
www.boc.com.au
970–988 Great South Road, Penrose, Auckland, New Zealand
www.boc.co.nz
© BOC Limited 2015. BOC is a trading name of BOC Limited, a Member of The Linde Group. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Details given in this document are
believed to be correct at the time of printing. Whilst proper care has been taken in the preparation, no liability for injury or damage resulting from its improper use can be accepted.
MP11-0056 . FDAUS . rev 0515
BOC New Zealand
0800 111 333
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