AirLive AirMax DUO

AirLive AirMax DUO
WH-9200AP
802.11a/b/g Dual Radio Wireless
Base Station
User’s Manual
Copyright and Disclaimer
Copyright & Disclaimer
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, whether
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or recording without the written consent of OvisLink
Corp.
OvisLink Corp. has made the best effort to ensure the accuracy of the information in this
user’s guide. However, we are not liable for the inaccuracies or errors in this guide.
Please use with caution. All information is subject to change without notice
All Trademarks are properties of their respective holders.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user
is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
-
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
-
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
-
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: To assure continued compliance, (example - use only shielded interface
cables when connecting to computer or peripheral devices) any changes or modifications
not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s
authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
For product available in the USA/Canada market, only channel 1~11 can be operated.
Selection of other channels is not possible.
IMPORTANT NOTE
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance
20cm between the radiator & your body.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna
or transmitter.
FCC NOTICE: To comply with FCC part 15 rules in the United States, the system must be
professionally installed to ensure compliance with the Part 15 certification. It is the
responsibility of the operator and professional installer to ensure that only certified systems
are deployed in the United States. The use of the system in any other combination (such as
co-located antennas transmitting the same information) is expressly forbidden.
ii
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ................................................................................................3
1.1 Overview ..............................................................................................3
1.2 Installing WH-9200AP..........................................................................4
1.2.1 Package Content .........................................................................................4
1.2.2 Hardware Presentation ................................................................................4
1.2.3 Configuration Setups ...................................................................................8
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP ..............................................................10
2.1 Change Operation Mode....................................................................10
2.2 Dual AP Mode ....................................................................................11
2.3 Duplex Mode......................................................................................13
2.4 Dual WDS Bridge Mode.....................................................................15
2.5 Separate Bridge Mode .......................................................................17
2.6 AP + Client / Client + AP Mode ..........................................................18
2.7 AP + WDS Bridge / WDS Bridge + AP Mode .....................................20
2.8 WDS + Gateway / Gateway + WDS Mode.........................................22
2.9 AP + Gateway / Gateway + AP Mode ................................................24
2.10 AP + WISP / WISP + AP Mode ........................................................26
3. Wireless Settings .....................................................................................29
3.1 Access Point Mode ............................................................................29
3.2 WDS Bridge Mode .............................................................................30
3.3 Client Mode........................................................................................32
3.4 Gateway (AP Router) Mode...............................................................35
3.4.1 WAN Port Settings.....................................................................................37
3.4.2 DHCP Server Settings ...............................................................................39
3.4.3 DMZ & Virtual Server.................................................................................40
3.4.4 IP Filter Settings ........................................................................................41
3.4.5 IP Routing Settings ....................................................................................42
3.4.6 Dynamic DNS (DDNS) Settings.................................................................44
3.5 WISP Mode........................................................................................45
3.6 Wireless Security ...............................................................................47
3.7 Advanced Wireless Settings ..............................................................54
3.8 Access Control ...................................................................................57
i
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
Table of Contents
3.9 Bandwidth Control..............................................................................59
3.9.1 Total Bandwidth Control .............................................................................60
3.9.2 Per user Bandwidth Control.......................................................................61
3.10 Multiple SSID + VLAN......................................................................63
4. System Management ...............................................................................64
4.1 Change Password .............................................................................64
4.2 System Management Settings ...........................................................65
4.3 SNMP Settings...................................................................................66
4.4 Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................68
4.5 Configuration Save and Restore........................................................69
4.6 Reboot System ..................................................................................70
4.7 WH-9200AP Emergency Recovery....................................................70
5. Specifications...........................................................................................72
6. Wireless Network Glossary.....................................................................76
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
ii
1. Introduction
1
1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
The WH-9200AP is a dream device for WISP to build their wireless networks. The AP
features 2 Atheros 11a/b/g radios that run in 5GHz or 2.4GHz frequency band. Moreover, it
provides hi-power at 11a mode for extra long distance application. There is an intergraded
802.3af POE port to let you run the AP at up to 100 meter distance away from the power
source.
Dual Wireless + Hi Power + 2 LAN Ports
The WH-9200AP is equipped with 2 high-powered Atheros radios. The radio 1 runs in the
11a 5GHz mode only while the radio 2 runs at the 11a/b/g dual band mode. AirLive adds
high power amplifier to run the AP at 23dBm in 11a mode (200mW), that’s 4 times the
output power of normal 11a radio (50mW). In addition, 2 programmable LAN ports are
available for multi-mode AP/Gateway configuration.
Multiple Operation Modes
The WH-9200AP can operate in multiple wireless modes for different application
environments such as Dual AP, Dual WDS, Duplex link aggregation, Separate Bridge, AP +
Client, AP + WDS, WDS + Gateway, AP + Gateway, and AP + WISP. These modes can be
changed and configured easily by the Web user interface.
802.3af PoE Port
WH-9200AP is equipped with an 802.3af Power over Ethernet port. It thus can be powered
by a PoE PSE and operate at up to 100 meter away.
VLAN & QoS
WH-9200AP provides Multi-SSID to create different wireless networks using one AP. The
TAG VLAN feature allows service provider to control service content of each SSID network
all the way back to core router. The QoS feature allows prioritizing the different package
according the 802.11e WMM protocol and triple play (Voice, Video and Data). Bandwidth
control feature allow WH-9200AP to limit the bandwidth on distinct IP/MAC or on the total
device.
IP67 Environmental Protection Enclosure
With IP-67 industrial standard enclosure, WH-9200AP is highly protected against dust and
water. So that WH-9200AP can be used in a hardened environment.
3
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
1. Introduction
1.2 Installing WH-9200AP
This section describes the installation procedure for the WH-9200AP. It starts with a
summary of the content of the package you have purchased, followed by steps of how to
power up and connect the WH-9200AP. Finally, this section explains how to configure a
Windows PC to communicate with the WH-9200AP.
1.2.1 Package Content
The WH-9200AP package contains the following items:
z One WH-9200AP main unit
z 48VDC PoE injector kits
z Pole/Wall mount kit
z One CD of the WH-9200AP
z Quick Start Guide
1.2.2 Hardware Presentation
5
6
1
LED #
2
3
Function
Color
Description
1
LAN
-
LAN port #2
2
WLAN1 LED
Blue
No Connection: Off
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
4
4
1. Introduction
3
WLAN2 LED
Green
Low Signal: Flash per second
Better Signal: Flash every 2 seconds
Best Signal: Steady On
4
POE/WAN
-
LAN port #1, compatible with 802.3af PoE. Become
WLAN port when operate in Gateway mode
5
Ground Pin
-
Reference point for electric current
6
Sluice
-
Sluice out the water in device
N-Type connector for outdoor
antenna of Radio 1
N-Type connector for outdoor
antenna of Radio 2
Antenna 2
Antenna 2
5
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
1. Introduction
Pole Mount/Wall mount Installation
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6
1. Introduction
Power Installation
The following image shows the power installation of WH-9200AP. Note that WH-9200AP is
IEEE802.3af compatible, you should use the packed POE kit or POE Switch for power
injection.
WH-9200AP
7
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
1. Introduction
1.2.3 Configuration Setups
The factory default settings of WH-9200AP are as following:
Settings
Default Value
Wireless1
Wireless2
Device Name
WH-9200AP
Radio
802.11a
802.11a
SSID
airlive1
airlive2
Channel
36
36 (auto in 802.11b/g)
WEP
Disabled
IP Address
192.168.1.1
DHCP Server
Disabled. Available and default enabled when each of
the wireless is configured as a gateway.
DHCP IP Range
192.168.1.2 ~ 192.168.1.254
Access Password
airlive
Note: Before you starting hardware connection, you are advised to find an appropriate
location to place the Access Point. Usually, the best place for the Access Point is at the
center of your wireless network, with line of straight to all your wireless stations. Also,
remember to adjust the antenna; usually the higher the antenna is placed; the better will be
the performance.
1. Connect to your local area network: connect an Ethernet cable to one of the Ethernet
port.
2. (LAN1, LAN2) of this Wireless Access Point, and the other end to a hub, switch, router,
or another wireless access point.
3. Power on the device: connect the included AC power adapter to the Wireless Access
Point’s power port and the other end to a wall outlet.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
8
1. Introduction
Access to management interface
1 Please make sure your computer IP is in the same subnet as the AP (i.e. 192.168.1.x).
2 Please make sure your computer has wireless network adapter installed.
3 Open the web browser and enter http://192.168.1.1/.
4. Connect Wireless Settings to start.
9
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
2
2. Operation
Mode of
WH-9200AP
The WH-9200AP device provides all 14 modes of wireless operational applications with:
2.1 Change Operation Mode
WH-9200AP is default in Dual AP mode. If the mode had been changed, click the
“Operation Mode” button to change back.
To change operation Mode:
1. Click on “Operation Mode“
2. Select Operation Mode in the main page
3. Click “Change Mode” button to apply
4. The device reboots to select mode
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
10
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
Click here to
Operation Mode
Selection
Select Operation Mode
Click “Change Mode” to change
2.2 Dual AP Mode
In Dual AP mode, both wireless interface of WH-9200AP are set as AP and provide hotspot
service on each interface.
11
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
This Application provides wider coverage that difficult to be reached with a unique
Omni antenna by using another adequate antenna such as sector antenna. It’s
particularly suitable for WISP to provide stable and high performance link.
z
The image in Dual AP mode UI helps to indicate data flow related to the Wireless and
the Ethernet ports.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
12
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
Both Radios has its own setting interface.
AP Mode
AP Mode
To configure AP mode, please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode.
2.3 Duplex Mode
The duplex mode groups the two radios to double the bandwidth between two
WH-9200APs.
13
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
Double Link Speed
z
This Application provides higher bandwidth between two locations than single radio
does. When clients transmitting data which over the loading of single radio, the other
radio shares the loading and make it able to transmit more data between the two
WH-9200AP.
z
The image in Duplex mode UI helps to indicate data flow related to the Wireless and
the Ethernet ports.
Both radios are using WDS mode for communication.
One WH-9200AP is configured as a Master where as the other WH-9200AP is configure to
be a Slave.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
14
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
One set to Master, the
other set to Slave
WDS Mode
WDS Mode
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode ……
2.4 Dual WDS Bridge Mode
In Dual WDS Bridge mode, both wireless interface of WH-9200AP are set as WDS Bridge
and connect to remote network. When configured in the Dual WDS Bridge mode, a
WH-9200AP allows solving discontinuous link due to geographical obstacles, shown as
below and extension of distance between two WDS bridge nodes separated by a building.
15
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
In this mode, the AP can act as a signal repeating station in a wireless backbone
network. In addition, it can also function as directing station for NLOS application.
z
The image in Duplex WDS Bridge mode UI helps to indicate data flow related to the
Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
16
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
Both radios are using WDS mode for communication.
WDS Mode
WDS Mode
To configure the WDS mode please refer to section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode ……
2.5 Separate Bridge Mode
The Separate Bridge separates the device into 2 IP segments. Radio 1 and LAN 3 are in IP
segment of 192.168.1.x/24 and Radio 2 and LAN1, LAN2 are in IP segment of 192.168.2.x.
Devices in one IP segment can not communicate to devices in the other IP segment.
WH-9200AP
17
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
In this application, both Radio 1 and Radio 2 are in WDS Bridge Mode.
z
The image in Separate WDS Bridge mode UI helps to indicate data flow related to the
Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
Both radios are using WDS mode for communication.
WDS Mode LAN 1: 192.168.1.x
WDS Mode LAN 2: 192.168.2.x
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode……
2.6 AP + Client / Client + AP Mode
In this mode, one station works as an intermediate station. This enable the AP to link with
remote stations using client mode, then distribute the signal to other clients using AP mode.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
18
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
In this application, Either Radio 1 or Radio 2 is in AP Mode, the other Radio is in Client
mode.
z
The image in AP + Client / Client + AP mode UI helps to indicate data flow related to
the Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
19
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
The UI example of AP + Client is as following:
Client Mode
Access Point Mode
To configure the AP mode, please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode……
To configure the Client mode, please refer to Section 3.3 Client Mode ……
2.7 AP + WDS Bridge / WDS Bridge + AP Mode
In this mode, one Radio is in Access Point mode and the other in WDS Bridge Mode.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
20
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
WH-9200AP
z
In this mode, the AP can act as a signal repeating station in a wireless backbone
network. In addition, it can also function as directing station for NLOS application.
z
The image in AP + WDS Bridge / WDS Bridge + AP mode UI helps to indicate data flow
related to the Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
21
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
The UI example of AP + WDS Bridge is as following:
WDS Mode
Access Point Mode
To configure the AP mode, Please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode ……
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode ……
2.8 WDS + Gateway / Gateway + WDS Mode
In this mode, one radio acts as an AP router and the other a WDS bridge. One of the RJ-45
ports as the WAN interface to the internet.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
22
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
The remote location can access the internet by way of this Access Point which acts as
a gateway device of the network.
z
The image in WDS + Gateway / Gateway + WDS mode UI helps to indicate data flow
related to the Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
23
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
The UI example of AP + WDS Bridge is as following:
WDS Mode
Access Point
Router
To configure the AP mode, Please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode ……
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode ……
To configure the Gateway (Router) mode. Please refer to Section 3.4 Gateway
Mode ……
2.9 AP + Gateway / Gateway + AP Mode
In this mode, one radio acts as an AP router and the other an Access Point. One of the
RJ-45 ports as the WAN interface to the internet.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
24
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
z
The remote location can access the internet by way of this Access Point which acts as
a gateway device of the network.
z
The image in AP + Gateway / Gateway + AP mode UI helps to indicate data flow
related to the Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
25
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
AP Mode
AP Mode
Router / WAN
To configure the AP mode, Please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode ……
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.2 WDS Bridge Mode ……
To configure the Gateway (Router) mode, Please refer to Section 3.4 Gateway
Mode ……
2.10 AP + WISP / WISP + AP Mode
In this mode, one radio acts as an AP and the other acts as an client router. One of the
RJ-45 ports as the WAN interface to the internet.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
26
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
WH-9200AP
WH-9200AP
WH-9200AP
z
The remote location can access the internet by way of this Access Point which acts as
a gateway device of the network.
z
The image in AP + Gateway / Gateway + AP mode UI helps to indicate data flow
related to the Wireless and the Ethernet ports.
27
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
2. Operation Mode of WH-9200AP
Client Mode
AP Mode
Router / WAN
To configure the AP mode, Please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode ……
To configure the Client mode, Please refer to Section 3.3 Client Mode ……
To configure the Gateway (Router) mode, Please refer to Section 3.4 Gateway
Mode ……
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
28
3. Wireless Settings
3
3. Wireless
Settings
This section guides you to configure the mode of the Radio interface. Note that the radio
can select either 11a or 11b/g mode.
3.1 Access Point Mode
The Access Point mode is the most basic mode of multi-function Access Point. In this mode,
the AP will act as a central hub for different Wireless LAN clients. Some hotspot Access
Points requires 802.1x authenticator function to authenticate a user before providing
internet service.
Access Point mode included in these
operation modes: Dual AP, AP + Client, Client
+ AP, AP + WDS Bridge, WDS Bridge + AP,
AP + Gateway, Gateway + AP, AP + WISP
and WISP + AP modes.
Enable Radio: Use this check box to turn on
or turn off the radio.
¾
¾
¾
Network ID (SSID): This is to change
your SSID.
Disable SSID Broadcasting: Enable the
check box if you want to hide your SSID
in the network. This prevent an
un-welcomed client survey your radio.
Mode: Connection modes on
WH-9200AP and its wireless client. Note
that the client must support the same
29
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
¾
¾
¾
¾
mode as WH-9200AP to connect.
Channel: 11a supports channel 36 to 64 and channel 100 to 140. 11g depends on the
country, USA/Canada supports channel 1 to 11, Europe supports channel 1 to 13,
Japan supports channel 1 to 13, France supports channel 10 to 13, and Span supports
channel 10 to 11.
Enable Radio eXtended Range: Check this box to extend the wireless coverage
range, this is provided by Atheros’s eXtended Range (XR) technology.
Enable Client Isolation (Privacy Separator): This is to prohibit data transmission
between each wireless client stations.
Enable 802.11d: This is to prevent network loop applying to the spanning tree
standard.
To configure the security connection, please refer to Section 3.6 Wireless Security
Settings ……To configure the Advanced Settings, please refer to Section 3.7
Advanced Wireless Settings ……
To configure the access control, please refer to Section 3.8 Access Control
Settings ……
3.2 WDS Bridge Mode
In this mode, 2 access points in two remote locations connect to each other to provide a
wireless bridge between 2 remote LANs. It is mostly used by enterprise to connect 2 remote
office’s network together. The bridge modes are connected by using the WDS (Wireless
Distribution System) technology.
WDS Bridge
Local Area Network
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
Local Area Network
30
3. Wireless Settings
WDS Bridge mode included in these operation modes: Duplex, Dual WDS Bridge, Separate
Bridge, AP + WDS Bridge, and WDS Bridge + AP.
Under WDS mode, Access Points connects to each other with MAC ID address. It’s
important to register the device MAC ID between each other.
¾
Enable Radio: Use this check box to turn
on or turn off the radio.
¾
Mode: Connection modes on WH-9200AP
and its wireless client. Note that the client
must support the same mode as
WH-9200AP to connect.
¾
Channel: 11a supports channel 36 to 64
and channel 100 to 140. 11g depends on
the country, USA/Canada supports
channel 1 to 11, Europe supports channel
1 to 13, Japan supports channel 1 to 13,
France supports channel 10 to 13, and
Span supports channel 10 to 11.
WDS Settings:
To configure WDS settings, click
the WDS Settings “Setup” button,
and the WDS Settings pop-up
screen shows, please input the
details of MAC ID address and
desired name for remote device.
1. Enter the Name and MAC
address of remote node which
bridge to your WH-9200AP.
1
2
3
2. Only WEP security allowed in WDS mode, note that the remote node must use same
security configuration as your WH-9200AP to communicate.
3. Click “ADD” button, the configured information of remote node shows.
31
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
And the information shows in main configuration page as below:
To configure the Advanced Settings, please refer to Section 3.7 Advanced Wireless
Settings ……
3.3 Client Mode
Also known as Ethernet Client. In this mode, the AP will act as a WLAN card to connect with
the remote AP. Users can connect PC or local LAN to the Ethernet port of local LAN to the
Ethernet port of the client mode AP. This mode is mostly used as a CPE device for WISP
subscriber.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
32
3. Wireless Settings
Client Mode
Local Area Network
Client mode included in these operation modes: AP + Client, Client + AP, AP + WISP, and
WISP + AP.
1. To connect to an access point, use the
“Site Survey” button to find the Access
Point.
2. The Site Survey pop up window then shows up and lists available access point with
relative information.
33
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Select the access point you want
to connect and then click the
“ASSOCIATE” button.
Click here to show the signal strength
of the selected access point.
3. The Signal Survey pop up windows shows as following:
4. After the access point is selected, its SSID shows automatically in the Network ID (SSID)
field.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
34
3. Wireless Settings
To configure the Security, please refer to Section 3.6 ……
To configure the Advanced Settings, please refer to Section 3.8……
3.4 Gateway (AP Router) Mode
In Gateway mode, router functions are added between one Ethernet port and other network
interfaces. Therefore, the ISP subscriber can share the ISP connection without need for
extra router.
35
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Local Area Network
Gateway Mode
Internet
Gateway mode acts both in AP and Router which included in these operation modes: AP +
Gateway and Gateway + AP.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
36
3. Wireless Settings
WAN Port Select: Either the Ethernet port 1 or port 2 can be set to be the WAN port.
3.4.1 WAN Port Settings
z
Click the Setup button to configure the WAN interface.
z
WH-9200AP provides 4 methods for client to access the internet. This depends on the
location and the service which the ISP provides. You need to contact the ISP for detail
information.
37
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Clone MAC address: If your
ISP allows only one MAC
address for its internet access
and you need more than one
PC/Laptop/Server to access
the internet, you can use the
Clone MAC address to solve
this issue.
Copy either MAC of the
PC/Laptop/Server which
needs to access the internet in
the MAC address fields.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
38
3. Wireless Settings
3.4.2 DHCP Server Settings
DHCP Server Settings is to assign private IP address to the devices in your local area
network (LAN). Note that WH-9200AP keeps the IP address of 192.168.1.1 and act as the
default gateway of the LAN.
You can assign IP address to MAC address; the DHCP server will keep the IP for the MAC
address.
Click to view the client IP address
assigned by DHCP Server
39
Reserve IP address to
designate MAC address from
DHCP Server
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
3.4.3 DMZ & Virtual Server
You can use DMZ and Virtual Server Settings to provide connection on internet. For
example, you can have your own web server at home and provide access on internet. This
will need port 80 by default for Virtual Server Settings.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
40
3. Wireless Settings
3.4.4 IP Filter Settings
IP filtering is simply a mechanism that decides which types of IP datagrams will be
processed normally and which will be discarded.
This allows you to define rules for allowing / denying access from / to the Internet.
41
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Please do set both inbound/outbound in order to get complete connection. Only inbound or
outbound will not allow to get response from the destination IP.
Disable IP filtering: No IP filtering is performed.
Grant IP access: Data traffic satisfying rules below are allowed/forwarded.
Deny IP access: Data traffic satisfying rules below are denied/filtered.
You can also define IP filtering rule, such as:
Name; IP Protocol; Apply to either Outbound to the Internet or Inbound from the Internet;
Source IP Address and Dest. (Destination) IP Address.
To grant or deny IP address, select ADD or Delete Selected.
3.4.5 IP Routing Settings
The IP Routing Settings allows you to configure routing feature in the gateway, the settings
is normally no need to change in gateway mode.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
42
3. Wireless Settings
43
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Dynamic Routing:
Select the routing protocol scheme used for the router’s LAN / WAN port.
Static Routing:
This allows you to manually configure static network routes. Static routes will override
routes learned by standard routing protocol discover methods.
IP Routing Table:
To delete a static route from the table, select the route and click DELETE SELECTED.
Note: Changes to the routing table will take effect immediately.
3.4.6 Dynamic DNS (DDNS) Settings
Dynamic DNS (DDNS) allows you to create a hostname that points to your dynamic IP or
static IP address or URL. WH-9200AP provide Dynamic DNS client using DynDNS, please
visit http://www.dyndns.org for detail.
The Remote Management setting allows you to enable web server access from internet,
note that this needs to configure a virtual server for your WH-9200AP. You can enable to
the “Response to WAN Ping” to allow remotely ping your WH-9200AP.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
44
3. Wireless Settings
3.5 WISP Mode
In WISP mode, the AP will behave just the same as the Client mode for wireless function.
However, router functions are added between the wireless WAN side and the Ethernet LAN
side. Therefore, the WISP subscriber can share the WISP connection without need for
extra router.
WISP Mode
Wide Area Network
Local Area Network
WISP mode acts both in AP and Router which included in these operation modes: AP +
WISP and WISP + AP.
In WISP + AP mode, the Radio 1 is actually a wireless client of the WISP wireless node and
also the gateway of the local area network.
45
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Please refer to Section 3.4 for gateway settings.
To configure the AP mode, Please refer to Section 3.1 Access Point Mode ……
To configure the WDS mode, Please refer to Section 3.3 Client Mode ……
To configure the Gateway (Router) mode, Please refer to Section 3.4 Gateway
Mode ……
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
46
3. Wireless Settings
3.6 Wireless Security
The wireless security is to configure a secure connection between two wireless devices.
WH-9200AP provides WEP, 802.1x,
WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2,
WPA2-PSK, WPA-AUTO and
WPA-PSK-AUTO security policy.
WEP
WEP allows you to use data encryption to secure your data from being eavesdropped by
malicious people. It allows 3 types of key: 64 (WEP64), 128 (WEP128), and 152 (WEP152)
bits. You can configure up to 4 keys using either ASCII or Hexadecimal format.
Key Settings: The length of a
WEP64 key must be equal to 5
bytes, a WEP128 key is 13
bytes, and a WEP152 key is 16
bytes.
Key Index: You have to specify
which of the four keys will be
active.
Once you enable the WEP
function, please make sure that
both the WH-9200AP and the
wireless client stations use the
same key.
Some wireless client cards only allow Hexadecimal digits for WEP keys.
Please note that when configuring WEP keys, a WEP128 ASCII key looks like “This is a key”(13
characters), while a WEP128 Hex key looks like “546869732069732061206b6579”(26 HEX)
(hexadecimal notation are 0-9 and A-F).
47
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
802.1X
802.1x allows users to leverage a RADIUS server to do association authentications. You
can also enable dynamic WEP key (128 bit) to have data encryption. Here you do not have
to enter the WEP key manually because it will be generated automatically and dynamically.
Rekey interval is time period
that the system will change the
key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the
security is.
Server IP and Shared Secret:
If you have connect AP to a
RADIUS server behind, key in
the Server IP and share secret,
it will redirect incoming
connection request first to this
RADIUS for Authentication. In
general you don’t have to change Port Number, which is 1812 by default and used by most
RADIUS server.
After you have finished the configuration wizard, you have to configure the RADIUS
Settings in Advanced Settings in order to make the 802.1x function work.
Share secret is the key for AP to communicate with RADIUS server, check with your
Authentication provider for more details.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
48
3. Wireless Settings
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) requires a RADIUS server available in order to do
authentication (same as 802.1x), thus there is no shared key required.
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
WPA-PSK
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) with Pre-Shared Key (PSK) provides better security than
WEP keys. It does not require a RADIUS server in order to provide association
authentication, but you do have to enter a shared key for the authentication purpose. The
encryption key is generated automatically and dynamically.
49
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Pre-shared Key: This is an ASCII string with 8 to 63 characters. Please make sure that
both the WH-9200AP and the wireless client stations use the same key.
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
WPA2
WPA2 stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access 2. It provides stronger data protection and
network access control then WPA. Only authorized users can access the wireless
networks.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
50
3. Wireless Settings
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
WPA2-PSK
Enter the Pre-shared Key to initiate WPA2 security. All devices try to access the network
should have the matching encryption key.
51
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Pre-shared Key: This is an ASCII string with 8 to 63 characters. Please make sure that
both the WH-9200AP and the wireless client stations use the same key.
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
WPA-AUTO
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
52
3. Wireless Settings
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
WPA-PSK-AUTO
WPA-PSK-AUTO tries to authenticate wireless clients using WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK.
53
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Pre-shared Key: This is an ASCII string with 8 to 63 characters. Please make sure that
both the WH-9200AP and the wireless client stations use the same key.
Encryption Type: There are two encryption types TKIP and CCMP (AES). While CCMP
provides better security than TKIP, some wireless client stations may not be equipped with
the hardware to support it. You can select Both to allow TKIP clients and CCMP clients to
connect to the Access Point at the same time.
Group Rekey Interval: A group key is used for multicast/broadcast data, and the re-key
interval is time period that the system will change the group key periodically. The shorter
the interval is, the better the security is. The default is 300 sec.
3.7 Advanced Wireless Settings
When click on Advanced Setup button under client mode, a pop-up window appears and
show parameter as follow:
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
54
3. Wireless Settings
Beacon Interval: The
WH-9200AP broadcasts beacon
frames regularly to announce its
existence. The beacon Interval
specifies how often beacon
frames are transmitted in time
unit of milliseconds.
RTS Threshold: RTS/CTS
frames are used to gain control of
the medium for transmission. Any
unicast (data or control) frames
larger than specified RTS
threshold must be transmitted
following the RTS/CTS
handshake exchange mechanism.
The RTS threshold should have a
value between 256-2347 bytes,
with a default of 2347. It is
recommended that this value
does not deviate from the default
too much.
Fragmentation: When the size of a unicast frame exceeds the fragmentation threshold, it
will be fragmented before the transmission. It should have a value of 256-2346 bytes, with a
default of 2346. If you experience a high packet error rate, you should slightly decrease the
Fragmentation Threshold.
DTIM Interval: The WH-9200AP buffers packets for stations that operate in the
power-saving mode. The Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM) informs such
power-conserving stations that there are packets waiting to be received by them. The DTIM
interval specifies how often the beacon frame should contain DTIMs.
User Limitation: The range of user limitation is from 1 to 100.
Age Out Timer: Set the age out time. The default is 300 sec.
55
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Transmit Power: Transmit power output depends upon the size and RF characteristics
because that will determine the number of APs, channels, and need for antennas.
Rate Control: Limit the wireless data rate to the selected number.
Enable STP: Spanning Tree Protocol prevents the condition known as a bridge loop.
Ack TimeOut: The "ACK time-out" determines how long the program waits after receiving
a packet from a file stream to determine that stream to be a complete file.
The following windows pops up when click on “ACK Calculator” button:
Fill the distance from your
location to the remote
access point
In the field of “Distance”, input the distance in “meters”.
After input the distance value, move the cursor to any place on the pop-up window out of
three fields. The calculated value will display.
The ACK value then shows up
after calculating
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
56
3. Wireless Settings
Enter the calculated value of “AckTimeOut” into the appropriate “Ack TimeOut” field (11a
or 11g) in the “Advanced Wireless Settings” window.
Change the value from 25
to 107, where 107 is
calculated value of
distanced 12500m.
3.8 Access Control
The WH-9200AP allows you to define a list of MAC addresses that are allowed or denied to
access the wireless network. Click on the setup button of “Access Control” of selected
wireless interface.
Disable MAC address control list: When selected, no MAC address filtering will be
performed.
57
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
Enable GRANT address control list: When selected, data traffic from only the specified
devices in the table will be allowed in the network.
Enable DENY address control list: When selected, data traffic from the devices specified
in the table will be denied/discarded by the network.
To add a MAC address into the table, enter a Mnemonic Name and the MAC Address, and
then click ADD. The table lists all configured MAC Filter entries.
To delete entries, check the corresponding Select boxes and then press DELETE
SELECTED.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
58
3. Wireless Settings
3.9 Bandwidth Control
Bandwidth Control is a great tool to control the bandwidth of the WISP subscribers.
Therefore, the WISP operators can offer different class of connection speeds for different
subscription fees - just like the ADSL service! The AirLive advance firmware can control
the bandwidth by Interface or IP/MAC.
There are 2 types of Traffic Control it offers: Total bandwidth control and Per-use bandwidth
control.
59
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
3.9.1 Total Bandwidth Control
The total bandwidth controls the data rate at either Wired or Wireless interface.
The following example limit the download bandwidth to 1024kbps and uplink to 512kbps
Example1: 3 wireless clients share downlink and uplink bandwidth.
1024K
512K
Internet
ADSL
/ Cable
ADSL
/ Cable
Modem
Modem
In this example, total uplink bandwidth of the 3 clients is limited to 512kbps and the total
download bandwidth of the 3 clients is limited to 1024kbps.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
60
3. Wireless Settings
Example2:
3 wired clients share downlink and uplink bandwidth.
Internet
1024K
512K
In this example, total uplink bandwidth of the 3 clients is limited to 512kbps and the total
download bandwidth of the 3 clients is limited to 1024kbps.
3.9.2 Per user Bandwidth Control
61
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
3. Wireless Settings
In te rn e t
W AN
LAN
R o u tin g
4 0 9 6K
2 0 4 8K
M A C A d d re ss C o n tro l
0 0:1B :F C :D A :4 C :5 6
1 0 2 4K
5 1 2K
IP A d d re ss C o n tro l
1 9 2 .1 6 8 .1 .3 7
Note that this option could be enabled in WISP mode.
Description: You can preset your control type
and named on the type.
Type: Three types to be selected: IP Address,
IP Segment and MAC Address. IP Segment
allows you to set bandwidth limitation on an IP
range.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
62
4 0 9 6K
1024K
IP S e g m e n t C o n tro l
1 9 2 .1 6 8 .1 .2 0 0~2 2 0
3. Wireless Settings
3.10 Multiple SSID + VLAN
You can configure up to 4 SSIDs on your access point and assign different configuration
settings to each SSID. All the SSIDs are active at the same time; that is, client devices can
associate to the access point using any of the SSIDs. You can also assign VALN on each
SSID to separate clients.
Note that the VLAN accept only tagged packet only.
Switch with TAG
VALN function
SSID 2
VLAN 2
SSID 1
VLAN 1
VLAN 2
VLAN 2
SSID 1
VLAN 2
SSID 2
VLAN 2
In the above example, laptops in VALN 1 can only communicate with those in VLAN 1 and
laptops in VALN 2 can only communicate with those in VLAN 2.
63
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
4. System Management
4
4. System
Management
You can review the Device information of your WH-9200AP by
the interface.
The information shows the current firmware version, IP address
of your WH-9200AP.
Wireless1 MAC and Wireless2 MAC show the MAC address of
the two radios, the information helps to setup WDS connection
by remote access point.
The Uptime records the live time of WH-9200AP after boot.
dd: day; hh: hour; mm: minute
4.1 Change Password
It’s recommended to set your own password instead of using default factory password. The
default factory password is “airlive” all letters are in lower case. To change the password,
press the Password Settings button to enter the Password Settings screen; then enter
the Current Password followed by the New Password twice. The entered characters will
appear as asterisks.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
64
4. System Management
4.2 System Management Settings
The WH-9200AP allow you to change the parameter of manage the system.
HTTP Port No.: This is to change the management web port of WH-9200AP. By default,
the port number is 80 and we type http://192.168.1.1 in the browser to access the
management web page. If we change the port to another, say, 90, then we need to type
http://192.168.1.1:90 instead. This prevents unwelcome access to the management
interface.
Time-out: The default is 10 minutes. If you idle on the web management interface more
than 10 minutes, the system log you out and you need to login again.
UPnP: The Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) feature allows a Windows XP/ME PC to
discover this WH-9200AP and automatically show an icon on the screen. Then a user can
double-click the icon to access this device directly (without having to find out its IP
address).
65
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
4. System Management
Syslog: If the Syslog is Enabled, WH-9200AP create a log in the system log table when
encounters an error or warning condition. This apply to IETF (Internet Engineering Task
Force - the Internet standards body)-conformant standard for logging system events
(RFC-3164)
Syslog server IP address: The Syslog can also send to the identified IP address.
The system log shows in WH-9200AP:
Jan 9 09:10:33 WH-9200AP http:Login into the system
4.3 SNMP Settings
WH-9200AP can also be managed by remote software with SNMP (simple network
management protocol) protocol.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
66
4. System Management
System Name: A name that you assign to your WH-9200AP for SNMP software. It is an
alphanumeric string of up to 30 characters.
System Location: Enter a system location. Information for SNMP software.
System Contact: Contact information for the system administrator responsible for
managing your WH-9200AP. It is an alphanumeric string of up to 60 characters.
Community String For Read: If you intend the router to be managed from a remote SNMP
management station, you need to configure a read-only “community string” for read-only
operation. The community string is an alphanumeric string of up to 15 characters.
Community String For Write: For read-write operation, you need to configure a write
“community string”.
Assign a specific name and IP address for your SNMP trap manager:
67
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
4. System Management
A trap manager is a remote SNMP management station where special SNMP trap
messages are generated (by the router) and sent to in the network.
You can define trap managers in the system.
You can add a trap manager by entering a name, an IP address, followed by pressing the
ADD button.
You can delete a trap manager by selecting the corresponding entry and press the
DELETE SELECTED button.
To enable a trap manager, check the Enable box in the corresponding entry; to disable it,
un-check the Enable box.
Some extra feature of WH-9200AP does not show in the wizard because some higher
knowledge of parameters of them is required. They are classified in the tab of “Advances
Setting”, such as the Multi SSID for VLAN setting and 802.11e QoS configuration.
4.4 Firmware Upgrade
You can upgrade the firmware of your WH-9200AP (the software that controls your
WH-9200AP’s operation). Normally, this is done when a new version of firmware offers new
features that you want, or solves problems that you have encountered with the current
version. System upgrade can be performed through the System Upgrade window as
follows:
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
68
4. System Management
To update the WH-9200AP firmware, first download the firmware from the distributor’s web
site to your local disk, and then from the above screen enter the path and filename of the
firmware file (or click Browse to locate the firmware file). Next, Click the Upgrade button to
start.
The new firmware will be loaded to your WH-9200AP. After a message appears telling you
that the operation is completed, you need to reset the system to have the new firmware
take effect.
Do not power off the device while upgrading the firmware.
It is recommended that you do not upgrade your WH-9200AP unless the new firmware
has new features you need or if it has a fix to a problem that you’ve encountered.
4.5 Configuration Save and Restore
In this interface, you can backup your system configuration to PC and restore your saved
configuration file to the WH-9200AP.
To save the configuration to your PC, click the “SAVE TO FILE” button and the system will
69
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
4. System Management
lead you to save the configuration file to your PC.
To restore configure file to WH-9200AP, click the “Browse” button, find the saved
configuration fire, then click “RESTORE FROM FILE” button to restore.
4.6 Reboot System
The following interface allows you to reboot your WH-9200AP. Click “Yes” button to reboot.
You can also reboot WH-9200AP by power off and power on it.
4.7 WH-9200AP Emergency Recovery
This document guides to recover your WH-9200AP system if the firmware crashed.
1. Download the tftp server to your PC. In the following example, we use tftpd32:
http://tftpd32.jounin.net/tftpd32_download.html.
2. Copy the tftpd32.exe of the downloaded file to C:\.
3. Change the IP address of your PC to 192.168.1.254 / 255.255.255.0
4. Copy the WH-9200AP firmware to C:\ and rename the firmware to “zImage”. Note that
the name must be zImage and no extension.
5. Connect WH-9200AP and PC with an Ethernet cable.
6. Run the tftpd32.exe. Note that the IP address must be 192.168.1.254.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
70
4. System Management
The name of firmware must change
to zImage and must be in C:\ (The
same folder as running tftpd.exe)
7. Power on WH-9200AP, the “Status” LED will light on after 3 seconds.
8. Push the “Reset” button until the “Status” LED off and on again and release the
“Reset” button.
9. If the above process success, the WH-9200AP LAN LED keep flashing and the tftp
serve shows file download information.
10. It takes around 5 minutes to download firmware and around 5 minutes to update the
firmware.
11. After a successful recovery, the WH-9200AP boots up automatically.
12. Try access 192.168.1.1, or the IP address you had changed before.
Repeat the processes again if failed.
71
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
5. Specifications
5
5. Specifications
The specification of WH-9200AP is subject to change without notice. Please use the
information with caution.
Feature
„
1 x 108Mbps 11a Radio + 1 x 108Mbps 11a/b/g Radio
„
Atheros Super A and Super G Support
„
High Output Power in 11a(23dB) and 11g/b Mode(23dB in America, 20dB in EU)
„
Up to 14 Wireless Operation Modes
„
2 LAN Ports
„
2 N-Type Antenna connectors
„
WDS Site Survey and RSSI Signal Survey
„
Multi-SSID, VLAN, SNMP
„
Bandwidth Control, TOS, and WMM
„
Wireless user limitation
Hardware
„
220MHz Atheros CPU
„
High power design , 23dBm average power, to extend the wireless range
„
Dual wireless interface 11a, 11a/b/g + 11a, operation simultaneously.
„
Super A/G mode support (Atheros Proprietary)
„
RoHS compliant
„
IEEE 802.3af (PoE) compliance
„
8MB Flash, 32MB SDRAM
„
PoE support by one LAN port
„
IP-67 Water Proof Metal Housing
Antenna
„
2 x N-Type antenna connectors
Frequency Range
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
72
5. Specifications
„
WLAN1(Radio 1)
z
„
802.11a : 5.15 to 5.825 GHz
WLAN2 (Radio 2)
z
802.11b/g : 2.412 to 2.472 GHz
z
802.11a : 5.15 to 5.825 GHz
Frequency Channel
„
WLAN1(Radio 1)
z
„
802.11a
‹
USA (FCC) : 12
‹
Europe (ETSI) : 19
- WLAN2(Radio 2)
z
z
802.11b/g
‹
USA (FCC) : 11
‹
Europe (ETSI) : 13
802.11a
‹
USA (FCC) : 12
‹
Europe (ETSI) : 19
Power Supply
„
48V/0.4A Power Over Ethernet Adapter
Modulation Technology
„
IEEE802.11a 5GHz OFDM
„
IEEE802.11b 2.4GHz CCK
„
IEEE802.11g 2.4GHz OFDM
„
Atheros Proprietary Super A/G mode 802.11a Orthogonal
Wireless transfer Data Rate with Automatic Fallback
„
802.11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11Mbps
„
802.11g: 1, 2, 5.5, 11, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54Mbps
„
802.11a: 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54Mbps
73
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
5. Specifications
Output Power
802.11a
802.11g
54 Mbps @ 17dBm
54 Mbps @ 19dBm
48 Mbps @ 18dBm
48 Mbps @ 20dBm
36 Mbps @ 19 dBm
36 Mbps @ 21 dBm
6, 9, 12, 18, 24 Mbps @ 23 dBm
6, 9, 12, 18, 24 Mbps @ 23 dBm
RSSI
802.11a
802.11g
6Mbps @ -90 dBm
6Mbps @ -89 dBm
9Mbps @ -89 dBm
9Mbps @ -88 dBm
12Mbps @ -88 dBm
12Mbps @ -88 dBm
18Mbps @ -86 dBm
18Mbps @ -86 dBm
24Mbps @ -82 dBm
24Mbps @ -82 dBm
36Mbps @ -79 dBm
36Mbps @ -79 dBm
48Mbps @ -73 dBm
48Mbps @ -75 dBm
54Mbps @ -71 dBm
54Mbps @ -73 dBm
Software
„
Wi-Fi, WPA compatible interoperability
„
Support WDS Bridge Mode, Client Mode, AP Mode on interface under each predefined
operational mode
„
Client Isolation supported
„
SNMP v1/v2 support
„
Support adjustable output power
„
ACK Timeout setting
„
User Limitation (Static Load Balancing)
„
Multiple SSID, VLAN, QoSWPA with PSK/TKIP/AES support ,WPA2 support
„
152-bit WEP support (Atheros Proprietary)
„
Super A/G mode support (Atheros Proprietary)
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
74
5. Specifications
„
Bootloader Protection and Emergency Firmware Upload Code in bootloader
„
Radius Support
„
HTB QoS
„
P2P Bandwidth Control
Product Weight (g)
„
1105 g
Product Size (L x W x H mm)
„
225 x 122 x 225 mm
75
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
6
6. Wireless
Network
Glossary
The wireless network glossary contains explanation or information about common terms
used in wireless networking products. Some of information in this glossary might be
outdated, please use with caution.
802.11a
An IEEE specification for wireless networking that operates in the 5 GHz frequency range
(5.15 GHz to 5.850 GHz) with a maximum of 54 Mbps data transfer rate. The 5 GHz
frequency band is not as crowded as the 2.4 GHz band. In addition, the 802.11a have 12
non-overlapping channels, comparing to 802.11b/g's 3 non-overlapping channels. This
means the possibility to build larger non-interfering networks. However, the 802.11a deliver
shorter distance at the same output power when comparing to 802.11g.
802.3ad
802.3ad is an IEEE standard for bonding or aggregating multiple Ethernet ports into one
virtual port (also known as trunking) to increase the bandwidth.
802.3af
This is the PoE (Power over Ethernet) standard by IEEE committee. 803.af uses 48V
POE standard that can deliver up to 100 meter distance over Ethernet cable.
802.11b
International standard for wireless networking that operates in the 2.4 GHz frequency band
(2.4 GHz to 2.4835 GHz) and provides a throughput up to 11 Mbps.
802.1d STP
Spanning Tree Protocol. It is an algorithm to prevent network from forming. The STP
protocol allows net work to provide a redundant link in the event of a link failure. It is
advise to turn on this option for multi-link bridge network.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
76
6. Wireless Network Glossary
802.11d
Also known as “Global Roaming”. 802.11d is a standard for use in countries where
systems using other standards in the 802.11 family are not allowed to operate.
802.11e
The IEEE QoS standard for prioritizing traffic of the VoIP and multimedia applications.
The WMM is based on a subset of the 802.11e.
802.11g
A standard provides a throughput up to 54 Mbps using OFDM technology. It also
operates in the 2.4 GHz frequency band as 802.11b. 802.11g devices are backward
compatible with 802.11b devices.
802.11h
This IEEE standard define the TPC (transmission power control) and DFS(dynamic
frequency selection) required to operate WiFi devices in 5GHz for EU.
802.11i
The IEEE standard for wireless security. 802.11i standard includes TKIP, CCMP, and
AES encryption to improve wireless security. It is also know as WPA2.
802.1Q Tag VLAN
In 802.1Q VLAN, the VLAN information is written into the Ethernet packet itself. Each
packet carries a VLAN ID(called Tag) as it traveled across the network. Therefore, the
VLAN configuration can be configured across multiple switches. In 802.1Q spec, possible
4096 VLAN ID can be created. Although for some devices, they can only view in frames
of 256 ID at a time.
802.1x
802.1x is a security standard for wired and wireless LANs. In the 802.1x parlance, there are
usually supplicants (client), authenticator (switch or AP), and authentication server (radius
server) in the network. When a supplicants request a service, the authenticator will pass
the request and wait for the authentication server to grant access and register accounting.
The 802.1x is the most widely used method of authentication by WISP.
77
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
Adhoc
A Peer-to-Peer wireless network. An Adhoc wireless network do not use wireless AP or
router as the central hub of the network. Instead, wireless client are connected directly to
each other. The disadvantage of Adhoc network is the lack of wired interface to Internet
connections. It is not recommended for network more than 2 nodes.
Access Point (AP)
The central hub of a wireless LAN network. Access Points have one or more Ethernet
ports that can connect devices (such as Internet connection) for sharing. Multi-function
Access Point can also function as an Ethernet client, wireless bridge, or repeat signals from
other AP. Access Points typically have more wireless functions comparing to wireless
routers.
ACK Timeout
Acknowledgement Timeout Windows. When a packet is sent out from one wireless station
to the other, it will waits for an Acknowledgement frame from the remote station. The
station will only wait for a certain amount of time, this time is called the ACK timeout. If the
ACK is NOT received within that timeout period then the packet will be re-transmitted
resulting in reduced throughput. If the ACK setting is too high then throughput will be lost
due to waiting for the Ack Window to timeout on lost packets. If the ACK setting is too low
then the ACK window will have expired and the returning packet will be dropped, greatly
lowering throughput. By having the ability to adjust the ACK setting we can effectively
optimize the throughput over long distance links. This is especially true for 802.11a and
802.11g networks. Setting the correct ACK timeout value needs to consider 3 factors:
distance, AP response time, and interference. The WH-9200AP provides ACK adjustment
capability in form of either distance or direct input. When you enter the distance
parameter, the WH-9200AP will automatically calculate the correct ACK timeout value.
Bandwidth Management
Bandwidth Management controls the transmission speed of a port, user, IP address, and
application. Router can use bandwidth control to limit the Internet connection speed of
individual IP or Application. It can also guarantee the speed of certain special application
or privileged IP address - a crucial feature of QoS (Quality of Service) function. The
WH-9200AP’s features both “Per-user Bandwidth Control” and “Total Bandwidth Control”.
“Per-user Bandwidth Control” allow administrator to define the maximum bandwidth of each
user by IP, IP Group, or MAC address. Total Bandwidth defines the maximum bandwidth
of wireless or Ethernet interface.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
78
6. Wireless Network Glossary
Bootloader
Bootloader is the under layering program that will start at the power-up before the device
loads firmware. It is similar to BIOS on a personal computer. When a firmware crashed,
you might be able to recover your device from bootloader.
Bridge
A product that connects 2 different networks that uses the same protocol. Wireless
bridges are commonly used to link network across remote buildings. For wireless
application, there are 2 types of Bridges. WDS Bridge can be used in Point-to-Point or
Point-to-Multipoint topology. Bridge Infrastructure works with AP mode to form a star
topology.
Cable and Connector Loss: During wireless design and deployment, it is important to
factor in the cable and connector loss. Cable and connector loss will reduce the output
power and receiver sensitivity of the radio at connector end. The longer the cable length is,
the more the cable loss. Cable loss should be subtracted from the total output power
during distance calculation. For example, if the cable and connector loss is 3dBm and the
output power is 20dBm; the output power at the cable end is only 17dBm.
Client
Client means a network device or utility that receives service from host or server. A client
device means end user device such as wireless cards or wireless CPE.
CPE Devices
CPE stands for Customer Premises Equipment. A CPE is a device installed on the end
user's side to receive network services. For example, on an ADSL network, the ADSL
modem/router on the subscriber's home is the CPE device. Wireless CPE means a
complete Wireless (usually an AP with built-in Antenna) that receive wireless broadband
access from the WISP. The opposite of CPE is CO.
CTS
Clear To Send. A signal sent by a device to indicate that it is ready to receive data.
DDNS
Dynamic Domain Name System. An algorithm that allows the use of dynamic IP address
79
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
for hosting Internet Server. A DDNS service provides each user account with a domain
name. A router with DDNS capability has a built-in DDNS client that updates the IP
address information to DDNS service provider whenever there is a change. Therefore,
users can build website or other Internet servers even if they don't have fixed IP
connection.
DHCP
Dynamic Hosting Configuration Protocol. A protocol that enables a server to dynamically
assign IP addresses. When DHCP is used, whenever a computer logs onto the network, it
automatically gets an IP address assigned to it by DHCP server. A DHCP server can
either be a designated PC on the network or another network device, such as a router.
DMZ
Demilitarized Zone. When a router opens a DMZ port to an internal network device, it opens
all the TCP/UDP service ports to this particular device. The feature is used commonly for
setting up H.323 VoIP or Multi-Media servers.
DNS
A program that translates URLs to IP addresses by accessing a database maintained on a
collection of Internet servers.
Domain Name
The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more
parts, separated by dots. In www.airlive.com, the "airlive.com" is the doman name.
DoS Attack
Denial of Service. A type of network attack that floods the network with useless traffic.
Many DoS attacks, such as the Ping of Death and Teardrop attacks, exploit limitations in
the TCP/IP protocols.
Encryption
Encoding data to prevent it from being read by unauthorized people. The common
wireless encryption schemes are WEP, WPA, and WPA2.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
80
6. Wireless Network Glossary
ESSID (SSID)
The identification name of an 802.11 wireless network. Since wireless network has no
physical boundary liked wired Ethernet network, wireless LAN needs an identifier to
distinguish one network from the other. Wireless clients must know the SSID in order to
associate with a WLAN network. Hide SSID feature disable SSID broadcast,
so users must know the correct SSID in order to join a wireless network.
Firewall
A system that secures a network and prevents access by unauthorized users. Firewalls can
be software, router, or gateway. Firewalls can prevent unrestricted access into a network,
as well as restricting data from flowing out of a network.
Firmware
The program that runs inside embedded device such as router or AP. Many network
devices are firmware upgradeable through web interface or utility program.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A standard protocol for sending files between computers over a
TCP/IP network and the Internet.
Fragment Threshold
Frame Size larger than this will be divided into smaller fragment. If there are interferences
in your area, lower this value can improve the performance. If there are not, keep this
parameter at higher value. The default size is 2346. You can try 1500, 1000, or 500
when there are interference around your network.
Full Duplex
The ability of a networking device to receive and transmit data simultaneously. In wireless
environment, this is usually done with 2 or more radios doing load balancing.
Gateway
In the global Internet network, the gateways are core routers that connect networks in
different IP subnet together. In a LAN environment with an IP sharing router, the gateway
is the router. In an office environment, gateway typically is a multi-function device that
integrates NAT, firewall, bandwidth management, and other security functions.
81
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
Hotspot
A place where you can access Wi-Fi service. The term hotspot has two meanings in
wireless deployment. One is the wireless infrastructure deployment, the other is the
Internet access billing system. In a hotspot system, a service provider typically need an
authentication and account system for billing purposes, and a wireless AP network to
provide access for customers.
IGMP Snooping
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a Layer 3 protocol to report IP multicast
memberships to neighboring multicast switches and routers. IGMP snooping is a feature
that allows an Ethernet switch to "listen in" on the IGMP conversation between hosts and
routers. A switch support IGMP snooping has the possibility to avoid multicast traffic being
treated as broadcast traffic; therefore, reducing the overall traffic on the network.
Infrastructure Mode
A wireless network that is built around one or more access points to provide wireless clients
access to wired LAN / Internet service. The opposite of Infrastructure mode is Adhoc
mode.
IP address
IP (Internet Protocol) is a layer-3 network protocol that is the basis of all Internet
communication. An IP address is 32-bit number that identifies each sender or receiver of
information that is sent across the Internet. An IP address has two parts: an identifier of a
particular network on the Internet and an identifier of the particular device (which can be a
server or a workstation) within that network. The new IPv6 specification supports 128-bit
IP address format.
IPsec
IP Security. A set of protocols developed by the IETF to support secure exchange of
packets at the IP layer. IPsec has been deployed widely to implement Virtual Private
Networks (VPNs). IPsec supports two encryption modes: Transport and Tunnel.
Transport mode encrypts only the data of each packet, but leaves the header untouched.
The more secure Tunnel mode encrypts both the header and the payload. On the receiving
side, an IPSec-compliant device decrypts each packet.
LACP (802.3ad) Trunking
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
82
6. Wireless Network Glossary
The 802.3ad Link Aggregation standard defines how to combine the several Ethernet ports
into one high-bandwidth port to increase the transmission speed. It is also known as port
trunking. Both device must set the trunking feature to work.
MAC
Media Access Control. MAC address provides layer-2 identification for Networking Devices.
Each Ethernet device has its own unique address. The first 6 digits are unique for each
manufacturer. When a network device have MAC access control feature, only the devices
with the approved MAC address can connect with the network.
Mbps
Megabits Per Second. One million bits per second; a unit of measurement for data
transmission
MESH
Mesh is an outdoor wireless technology that uses Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and
Wireless Distribution system to achieve self-forming, self-healing, and self-configuring
outdoor network. MESH network are able to take the shortest path to a destination that
does not have to be in the line of site.
MIMO
Multi In Multi Out. A Smart Antenna technology designed to increase the coverage and
performance of a WLAN network. In a MIMO device, 2 or more antennas are used to
increase the receiver sensitivity and to focus available power at intended Rx.
NAT
Network Address Translation. A network algorithm used by Routers to enables several
PCs to share single IP address provided by the ISP.
The IP that a router gets from the
ISP side is called Real IP, the IP assigned to PC under the NAT environment is called
Private IP.
Node
A network connection end point, typically a computer.
83
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
Packet
A unit of data sent over a network.
Passphrase
Used much like a password, a passphrase simplifies the WEP encryption process by
automatically generating the WEP encryption keys for the company products.
POE
Power over Ethernet. A standard to deliver both power and data through one single
Ethernet cable (UTP/STP). It allows network device to be installed far away from power
ource. A POE system typically compose of 2 main component: DC Injector (Base Unit)
and Splitter(Terminal Unit). The DC injector combines the power and data, and the splitter
separates the data and power back. A PoE Access Point or CPE has the splitter built-in to
the device. The IEEE 802.3af is a POE spec that uses 48 volt to deliver power up to 100
meter distance.
Port
This word has 2 different meaning for networking.
z The hardware connection point on a computer or networking device used for plugging
in a cable or an adapter.
z The virtual connection point through which a computer uses a specific application on a
server.
PPPoE
Point-to- Point Protocol over Ethernet. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards:
PPP and Ethernet. PPPoE is a specification for connecting the users on an Ethernet to the
Internet through a common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device
or cable modem.
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol: A VPN protocol developed by PPTP Forum. With
PPTP, users can dial in to their corporate network via the Internet. If users require data
encryption when using the Windows PPTP client, the remote VPN server must support
MPPE (Microsoft Point-To-Point Encryption Protocol) encryption. PPTP is also used by
some ISP for user authentication, particularly when pairing with legacy Alcatel / Thomson
ADSL modem.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
84
6. Wireless Network Glossary
Preamble Type
Preamble are sent with each wireless packet transmit for transmission status. Use the
long preamble type for better compatibility. Use the short preamble type for better
performance
Rate Control
Ethernet switches' function to control the upstream and downstream speed of an individual
port. Rate Control management uses "Flow Control" to limit the speed of a port.
Therefore, the Ethernet adapter must also have the flow control enabled. One way to
force the adapter's flow control on is to set a port to half-duplex mode.
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service. An authentication and accounting system
used by many Internet Service Providers (ISPs). When you dial in to the ISP, you must
enter your username and password. This information is passed to a RADIUS server, which
checks that the information is correct, and then authorizes access to the ISP system.
Radius typically uses port 1812 and port 1813 for authentication and accounting port.
Though not an official standard, the RADIUS specification is maintained by a working group
of the IETF.
Receiver Sensitivity
Receiver sensitivity means how sensitive is the radio for receiving signal. In general; the
slower the transmission speed, the more sensitive the radio is. The unit for Receiver
Sensitivity is in dB; the lower the absolute value is, the higher the signal strength. For
example, -50dB is higher than -80dB.
RJ-45
Standard connectors for Twisted Pair copper cable used in Ethernet networks. Although
they look similar to standard RJ-11 telephone connectors, RJ-45 connectors can have up to
eight wires, whereas telephone connectors have only four.
Router
An IP sharing router is a device that allows multiple PCs to share one single broadband
connection using NAT technology. A wireless router is a device that combines the
85
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
functions of wireless Access Point and the IP sharing router.
RSSI
Receiver Sensitivity Index. RSSI is a value to show the Receiver Sensitivity of the remote
wireless device. In general, remote APs with stronger signal will display higher RSSI
values. For RSSI value, the smaller the absolute value is, the stronger the signal. For
example, “-50db” has stronger signal than “-80dB”.
For outdoor connection, signal
stronger than -60dB is considered as a good connection.
RTS
Request To Send. A packet sent when a computer has data to transmit. The computer will
wait for a CTS (Clear To Send) message before sending data.
RTS Threshold
RTS (Request to Send).
The RTS/CTS(clear to send) packet will be send before a frame
if the packet frame is larger than this value. Lower this value can improve the
performance if there are many clients in your network. You can try 1500, 1000 or 500
when there are many clients in your AP’s network.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol. A set of protocols for managing complex
networks.
The SNMP network contains 3 key elements: managed devices, agents, and
network-management systems (NMSs). Managed devices are network devices that
content SNMP agents. SNMP agents are programs that reside SNMP capable device's
firmware to provide SNMP configuration service. The NMS typically is a PC based
software such as HP Openview that can view and manage SNMP network device remotely.
SSH
Developed by SSH Communications Security Ltd., Secure Shell is a program to log into
another computer over a network, to execute commands in a remote machine, and to move
files from one machine to another. It provides strong authentication and secure
communications over insecure channels. It is a replacement for rlogin, rsh, rcp, and rdist.
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer. It is a popular encryption scheme used by many online retail and
banking sites to protect the financial integrity of transactions. When an SSL session
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
86
6. Wireless Network Glossary
begins, the server sends its public key to the browser. The browser then sends a randomly
generated secret key back to the server in order to have a secret key exchange for that
session. SSL VPN is also known as Web VPN. The HTTPS and SSH management
interface use SSL for data encryption.
Subnet Mask
An address code mask that determines the size of the network. An IP subnet are
determined by performing a BIT-wise AND operation between the IP address and the
subnet mask. By changing the subnet mask, you can change the scope and size of a
network.
Subnetwork or Subnet
Found in larger networks, these smaller networks are used to simplify addressing between
numerous computers. Subnets connect to the central network through a router, hub or
gateway. Each individual wireless LAN will probably use the same subnet for all the local
computers it talks to.
Super A
Super A is an Atheros proprietary turbo mode to increase speed over standard 802.11a
mode. It adds Bursting and Compression to increase the speed. If you live in countries
that prohibit the channel binding technology (i.e. Europe), you should choose “Super-A
without Turbo) if you need more speed than 11a mode
TCP
A layer-4 protocol used along with the IP to send data between computers over the Internet.
While IP takes care of handling the actual delivery of the data, TCP takes care of keeping
track of the packets that a message is divided into for efficient routing through
the Internet.
Turbo A
Turbo A is an Atheros proprietary turbo mode to increase speed over standard 802.11a
mode. It uses channel binding technology to increase speed. There are 2 types of Turbo
A modes: Dynamic Turbo and Static Turbo. In Dynamic Turbo, the channel binding will be
used only if necessary. In Static Turbo, the channel binding is always on. This protocol
may be combined with Super-A model to increase the performance even more. The used
of channel binding might be prohibited in EU countries.
87
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
TX Output Power
Transmit Output Power. The TX output power means the transmission output power of
the radio. Normally, the TX output power level limit for 2.4GHz 11g/b is 20dBm at the
antenna end. The output power limit for 5GHz 802.11a is 30dBm at the antenna end..
UDP
User Datagram Protocol. A layer-4 network protocol for transmitting data that does not
require acknowledgement from the recipient of the data.
Upgrade
To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version.
Upload
To send a file to the Internet or network device.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator.
The address of a file located on the Internet.
VPN
Virtual Private Network. A type of technology designed to increase the security of
information transferred over the Internet. VPN creates a private encrypted tunnel from the
end user's computer, through the local wireless network, through the Internet, all the way to
the corporate network.
Walled Garden
On the Internet, a walled garden refers to a browsing environment that controls the
information and Web sites the user is able to access. This is a popular method used by
ISPs in order to keep the user navigating only specific areas of the Web
WAN
Wide Area Network. A communication system of connecting PCs and other computing
devices across a large local, regional, national or international geographic area. A WAN
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
88
6. Wireless Network Glossary
port on the network device means the port (or wireless connection) that is connected to the
Internet side of the network topology.
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy. A wireless encryption protocol. WEP is available in 40-bit (64-bit),
108-bit (128-bit) or 152-bit (Atheros proprietary) encryption modes.
Wi-Fi
Wireless Fidelity. An interoperability certification for wireless local area network (LAN)
products based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. The governing body for Wi-Fi is called
Wi-Fi Alliance (also known as WECA).
WiMAX
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access. A Wireless Metropolitan Network
technology that complies with IEEE 802.16 and ETSI Hiperman standards. The orginal
802.16 standard call for operating frequency of 10 to 66Ghz spectrum. The 802.16a
amendment extends the original standard into spectrum between 2 and 11 Ghz. 802.16d
increase data rates to between 40 and 70 Mbps/s and add support for MIMO antennas,
QoS, and multiple polling technologies. 802.16e adds mobility features, narrower
bandwidth (a max of 5 mhz), slower speed and smaller antennas. Mobility is allowed up to
40 mph.
WDS
Wireless Distribution System. WDS defines how multiple wireless Access Point or
Wireless Router can connect together to form one single wireless network without using
wired uplinks. WDS associate each other by MAC address, each device
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network. A type of local-area network that uses high-frequency radio
waves rather than wires to communicate between nodes. The most popular standard for
WLAN is the 802.11 standards.
WMM
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) is a standard to prioritize traffic for multimedia applications. The
WMM prioritize traffic\ on Voice-over-IP (VoIP), audio, video, and streaming media as well
89
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
6. Wireless Network Glossary
as traditional IP data over the AP.
WMS
Wireless Management System. An utility program to manage multiple wireless
AP/Bridges.
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access. It is an encryption standard proposed by WiFi for advance
protection by utilizing a password key (TKIP) or certificate. It is more secure than WEP
encryption. The WPA-PSK utilizes pre-share key for encryption/authentication.
WPA2
Wi-Fi Protected Access 2. WPA2 is also known as 802.11i. It improves on the WPA
security with CCMP and AES encryption. The WPA2 is backward compatible with WPA.
WPA2-PSK utilizes pre-share key for encryption/authentication.
AirLive WH-9200AP User’s Manual
90
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement