KitchenAid | Artisan 5KES100 | Specifications | KitchenAid Artisan 5KES100

ARTISAN™-ESPRESSOMACHINE
GIDS VOOR HET BESTE RESULTAAT
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSO MACHINE
GUIDE TO EXPERT RESULTS
MACHINE À ESPRESSO ARTISAN™
GUIDE DU CONNAISSEUR
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSOMASCHINE
ANLEITUNG FÜR PROFESSIONELLE ERGEBNISSE
MACCHINA PER CAFFÈ
ESPRESSO ARTISAN™
GUIDA AI RISULTATI EXPERT
CAFETERA EXPRÉS ARTISAN™
GUÍA PARA CONSEGUIR RESULTADOS
PROFESIONALES
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSO MASKIN
GUIDE FÖR BÄSTA RESULTAT
ARTISAN® ESPRESSOMASKIN
OPPNÅ BEST MULIG RESULTATER
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSOKEITIN
OPAS PARHAISIIN TULOKSIIN
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSOMASKINEN
VEJLEDNING FOR EKSPERT-RESULTATER
MÁQUINA EXPRESSO ARTISAN™
GUIA PARA RESULTADOS PROFISSIONAIS
ARTISAN™ EXPRESSÓ VÉLARINNAR
NOTKUNARLEIIÐBEININGAR
ARTISAN™ ESPRESSO MACHINE
Ο∆ΗΓΙΕΣ ΧΡΗΣΗΣ ΓΙΑ ΤΕΛΕΙΑ ΑΠΟΤΕΛΕΣΜΑΤΑ
Model 5KES100
Espresso Machine
Table of Contents
English
Espresso Machine Safety....................................................2
What is Espresso?............................................................12
Important Safeguards........................................................3
Overextraction and Underextraction ...............................12
Electrical Requirements ......................................................3
Before Brewing: The Elements of a Great Espresso...........12
Model 5KES100.................................................................4
Fresh Coffee Beans....................................................12
Espresso Machine Features ................................................4
Great Tasting Water ..................................................12
Preparing the Espresso Machine for Use ............................6
The Right Grind – and Grinder ..................................12
Attach the Cup Rail.....................................................6
Espresso Brewing Technique ............................................13
Remove and Wash the Water Tank..............................6
Brewing Temperature ................................................13
Fill and Rinse the Boilers..............................................6
Grinding ...................................................................13
Brewing Espresso...............................................................7
Dosing ......................................................................13
Frothing and Steaming Milk ..............................................9
Leveling ....................................................................13
Preparing Cappuccino .................................................9
Tamping....................................................................14
Dispensing Hot Water......................................................10
Volume .....................................................................14
Care & Cleaning...............................................................10
Extraction Rate..........................................................14
Before Cleaning the Espresso Machine ......................10
The Golden Crema ....................................................14
Cleaning the Frothing Arm and Nozzle .....................10
Troubleshooting Espresso as it Brews ........................15
Cleaning the Housing and Accessories......................10
A Glossary of Espresso Drinks ..........................................15
Cleaning the Shower Screen......................................11
Household KitchenAid® Espresso Machine Warranty ........16
Priming After Long Periods of Non-Use .....................11
Service Centers ................................................................16
Descaling ..................................................................11
Customer Service .............................................................16
Troubleshooting Problems ...............................................11
Espresso Machine Safety
Your safety and the safety of others are very important.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all safety
messages.
This is the safety alert symbol.
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and either the word “DANGER” or “WARNING.” These
words mean:
DANGER
WARNING
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t immediately follow
instructions.
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t follow instructions.
All safety messages will tell you what the potential hazard is, tell you how to reduce the chance of injury, and tell you what
can happen if the instructions are not followed.
2
When using electrical appliances, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following:
1. Read all instructions.
2. Do not touch hot surfaces. Use handles or knobs.
3. To protect against fire, electric shock and personal injury do not immerse cord, plugs, or appliance in water or
other liquids.
4. The appliance is not intended for use by young children or infirm persons without supervision.
5. Unplug from outlet when not in use and before cleaning. Allow to cool before putting on or taking off parts, and
before cleaning.
6. Do not operate any appliance with a damaged cord or plug, or after appliance malfunctions or has been damaged in
any manner. Return the appliance to the nearest authorized service center for examination, repair or adjustment.
7. The use of accessory attachments not recommended by the appliance manufacturer may result in fire, electric shock, or
personal injury.
8. Do not use outdoors.
9. Do not let cord hang over edge of table or counter, or touch hot surfaces.
10. Do not place on or near a hot gas or electric burner, or in a heated oven.
11. Always switch the appliance off, then plug cord into the wall outlet. To disconnect, turn the appliance off, then
remove plug from wall outlet.
12. Do not use appliance for other than intended household use.
13. Use extreme caution when using hot steam.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Disposal must be carried out in accordance with local
environmental regulations for waste disposal.
This appliance is marked according to the European
directive 2002/96/EC on Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE).
For more detailed information about treatment, recovery
and recycling of this product, please contact your local city
office, your household waste disposal service or the shop
where you purchased the product.
By ensuring this product is disposed of correctly, you will
help prevent potential negative consequences for the
environment and human health, which could otherwise
be caused by inappropriate waste handling of this
product.
The symbol
on the product, or on the documents
accompanying the product, indicates that this appliance
may not be treated as household waste. Instead it shall be
handed over to the applicable collection point for the
recycling of electrical and electronic equipment.
Electrical Requirements
Volts: 220–240 Volts A.C.
Hertz: 50/60 Hz
WARNING
NOTE: To reduce the risk of electrical shock, the plug will
fit in an outlet only one way. If the plug does not fit in the
outlet, contact a qualified electrician. Do not modify the
plug in any way.
A short power-supply cord is provided to reduce the risk
resulting from becoming entangled in or tripping over a
longer cord. Do not use an extension cord. If the power
supply cord is too short, have a qualified electrician or
serviceman install an outlet near the appliance.
Electrical Shock Hazard
Plug into a grounded outlet.
Do not remove ground prong.
Do not use an adapter.
Do not use an extension cord.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in
death, fire or electrical shock.
3
English
IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
Model 5KES100
Cup Rail
Espresso (
)
Boiler Temperature
Gauge
O/I Power Switch
English
Power-On (I) Indicator
Hot Water (
Button
Espresso (
Steam (
) Button
)
) Dial
Brew Head
Filter holder
Frothing Arm
& Nozzle
Water Tank
(in back)
Frothing (
)
Boiler Temperature
Gauge
Drip Tray Indicator
Drip Tray
Model 5KES100
Espresso Machine
Frothing Jug
Coffee Scoop and
Shower-Screen Brush
Filter Baskets
Tamper
Espresso Machine Features
O/I Power Switch
Hot Water (
) Button
Press once to turn the espresso machine on, press again to
turn off. When on, the dual boilers begin heating and the
“ ” and “ ” buttons will function.
When the “ ” dial is open, press and hold the “ ”
button to activate the water pump and dispense hot water
from the frothing arm. Pump shuts off automatically when
the button is released.
Power-On (I) Indicator
Steam (
When the espresso machine is on, the indicator light will
be illuminated.
Espresso (
) Dial
To dispense steam or hot water through the frothing arm,
open the “ ” dial by turning it counter-clockwise. The
volume of steam is controlled by the dial position: rotate
the dial counter-clockwise for more steam, clockwise for
less. To turn off steam, close the “ ” dial by rotating it
clockwise until it stops.
) Button
Press the “ ” button to activate the water pump for
brewing espresso. To stop brewing, press the “ ” button
a second time.
4
Espresso Machine Features
Brew Head
Filter holder
Commercial-size brew head is chrome-plated brass for
exceptional durability and brew temperature stability.
Brewing boiler is bolted directly to group head, so brew
group heats quickly and thoroughly.
Commercial-size filter holder features chrome-plated brass
construction and an easy-to-grip flared handle. Attaches to
the brew head with a firm twist to the right.
Stainless steel filter baskets snap into filter holder. Use the
small capacity basket for a single cup (30 ml) of espresso,
and the large capacity basket for two cups (60 ml). The
small basket also accommodates paper coffee pods.
Dispense steam or hot water through
the frothing arm. Arm pivots horizontally and vertically to
provide a convenient position. Nozzle enhances frothing
and is removable for cleaning.
Frothing Jug
Drip Tray
The 255 ml capacity stainless steel jug is invaluable
for frothing.
Large, removable drip tray catches spills and is dishwashersafe if placed in the top rack. Tray features a removable
stainless steel drip plate.
Tamper
Evenly tamps coffee into the filter basket.
Drip Tray Full Indicator
The indicator tip rises above the drip plate when the drip
tray is nearly full.
Coffee Scoop and Shower-Screen Brush
Use one level scoop of coffee for each cup (30 ml) of
espresso. The shower-screen brush will help keep the brew
head and shower screen free of grounds.
Water Tank
The removable water tank slides left or right for easy filling,
and features easy-to-see “max” (1.8 liters) and “min” fill
lines. Translucent tank shows the water level at a glance.
Tank can be washed in the top rack of a dishwasher.
Not Shown:
Dual Boilers
Separate boilers eliminate the wait single-boiler machines
require when switching between frothing and brewing.
Boiler heating elements never touch water: they are located
on the outside of the boiler for superb brew temperature
consistency and burnout-resistance. Quick heating boilers
reach operating temperatures in at least 6 minutes.
Cup Rail
Top of unit accommodates 4 to 6 espresso cups for
warming. Stainless steel cup rail helps prevent breakage.
Espresso (
) Boiler Temperature Gauge
Drip-Free System with 3-Way Solenoid Valve
Dial gauge indicates when espresso boiler has reached
optimum brewing temperature.
Frothing (
A 3-way solenoid valve virtually eliminates drips by instantly
reducing pressure in the brew group when the pump is
switched off. The filter holder can be removed immediately
after brewing without a messy spray of coffee grounds.
) Boiler Temperature Gauge
Dial gauge indicates when frothing boiler has reached
optimum steaming temperature.
15 Bar Pump
Self-priming water pump comfortably supplies the 9 bars
of pressure that perfect espresso demands.
5
English
Filter Baskets
Frothing Arm & Nozzle
Preparing the Espresso Machine for Use
Attach the Cup Rail
Fill and Rinse the Boilers
Align the three rail posts with the holes on top of the
espresso machine. Then press the rail posts firmly into
the holes.
The boilers need to be filled and rinsed before the espresso
machine is used for the first time. The boilers will also need
to be filled when:
• the espresso machine is not used for a prolonged period
• the water tank runs dry during use (this can damage the
espresso machine)
• multiple beverages are steamed without brewing
espresso or dispensing hot water
English
1. Slide the water tank left or right to expose the top, and
fill with fresh cold water to the max fill line.
NOTE: Distilled water or mineral water can damage the
espresso machine. Do not use either to brew espresso.
2. Insert the end of the electrical cord without prongs into
the cord receptacle in the back of the espresso machine.
3. Plug the other end of the cord into a grounded outlet.
4. Make certain the “ ” Dial is closed by rotating it
clockwise as far as possible.
Remove and Wash the Water Tank
1. Lift the tank slightly, then remove by pulling the bottom
of the tank from the espresso machine.
5. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine on.
When the espresso machine is on, the power-on (I)
indicator will illuminate, the dual boilers will begin
heating, and the “ ” and “ ” Buttons will operate.
2. Wash the tank in hot, soapy water and rinse with clean
water. The tank can also be washed in the top rack of
the dishwasher.
3. Place the tank back into the espresso machine, making
sure the siphon hoses are placed inside the tank. The
ribs on the bottom of the tank fit into the grooves on
the base of the housing.
WARNING
6. Place a coffee cup underneath the brew head. Do not
attach the filter holder to the brew head.
Electrical Shock Hazard
Plug into a grounded outlet.
Do not remove ground prong.
Do not use an adapter.
Do not use an extension cord.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in
death, fire or electrical shock.
6
Preparing the Espresso Machine for Use
7. Press the “ ” Button – it is not necessary to wait for
the boiler to heat. This activates the water pump and
fills the brewing boiler with water. After a few seconds,
water will flow from the brew head. When the cup is
full, press the “ ” Button again to stop the water
pump. The brewing boiler is now ready for use.
English
9. Slowly open the “ ” Dial by turning it counterclockwise, then press and hold the “
” Button. This
activates the water pump and fills the frothing boiler
with water. After a few seconds, water will start flowing
from the nozzle.
10. When the jug is about half full, release the “ ” Button
and close the “ ” Dial by rotating it clockwise until it
stops. The frothing boiler is now ready for use.
11. If no espresso is desired at this time, press the “ ”
Button to turn the espresso machine off.
NOTE: Do not press the “ ” or “ ” Buttons without
water in the tank. Damage to the water pump may occur.
8. Place the frothing jug under the nozzle of the
frothing arm.
Brewing Espresso
For the finest results when brewing espresso, see pages
12–15.
1. Make certain the water tank has an adequate supply of
water (the water level should be between the “max”
and “min” fill lines).
2. Select the small or large capacity filter basket. Use the
small capacity basket for one cup (30 ml) of espresso,
and the large capacity basket for two cups (60 ml).
The small capacity basket can be used with paper
coffee pods.
3. Press the filter basket into the filter holder until it
snaps into place. Do not fill the filter holder with
coffee at this time.
4. Position the filter holder underneath the brew head and
Start
Finish
6. Wait until the espresso machine has reached operating
temperature; this will take approximately 6 minutes.
align the filter holder handle with the “ ” on the left
side of the metal trim ring. Raise the filter holder into
the brew head, then move the filter holder handle to
the right so that it aligns with the “ ” on the metal
trim ring.
5. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine on.
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Brewing Espresso
English
When the espresso boiler temperature gauge needle
climbs into the “ ” zone, the espresso machine is
ready to brew.
7. Remove the filter holder from the brew head by
moving the handle to the left. Place one level measure
of ground coffee (or a paper coffee pod) in the small
filter basket, or two measures of ground coffee in the
large basket. Be sure to use a fine espresso-style grind
for your coffee.
8. Using the tamper, tamp the coffee down firmly with a
twisting motion. Make sure the surface of the coffee is
as level as possible. See “Leveling” and “Tamping” on
pages 13 and 14 for details.
9. Sweep any excess grinds from the rim of the filter
holder, and insert the filter holder into the brew head.
10. Place one or two espresso cups on the drip plate under
the spouts of the filter holder. Press the “ ” Button,
and espresso will start to flow into cups. When the
desired amount of espresso has been brewed, press the
“ ” Button to stop brewing.
NOTE: Do not remove the filter holder when brewing.
11. The espresso machine is equipped with a 3-way
two. This cleans the shower screen and flushes any
coffee oils and grounds that have migrated into the
brew head.
13. To brew more espresso, repeat steps 6 through 12, but
see the barista tips below.
Barista Tips
When brewing multiple cups:
1. Use a towel to clean and dry the filter basket before
filling with coffee. This will help insure even coffee
extraction.
2. To maintain the proper brewing temperature, it is
important to keep the brew group warm, so:
• Do not rinse the filter holder with tap water –
doing so will cool the filter. It’s best to wipe
leftover grounds from the filter with a towel.
• When you’re busy with other tasks, like grinding
coffee or frothing milk, keep the empty filter holder
warm by attaching it to the brew head.
solenoid valve that instantly releases pressure in the
brew group when the water pump is switched off, so
the filter holder can be removed immediately after
brewing. Remove the filter holder by moving the handle
to the left. When knocking coffee grounds from the
filter basket, avoid striking the filter holder handle.
12. After removing the filter holder, place a cup under the
brew head and press the “ ” Button for a second or
8
Frothing and steaming milk requires a bit of practice, but
you’ll be surprised how quickly your skills will develop. The
Artisan™ Espresso Machine gives you all the tools you need:
a stainless steel jug shaped especially for frothing, a frothing
arm that adjusts horizontally and vertically for a comfortable
working position, a frothing nozzle designed to enhance
frothing, and a “ ” Dial that lets you precisely control the
volume of frothing steam.
1. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine on.
2. Wait until the espresso machine has reached operating
temperature; this will take approximately 6 minutes.
When the frothing boiler temperature gauge needle
climbs into the “ ” zone, the espresso machine is
ready to froth.
3. Fill the frothing jug 1⁄3 full with cold milk.
4. With the frothing arm pointed into an empty cup, open
the “ ” Dial for a moment to purge excess water from
the line. To open the “ ” Dial, turn it slowly
counter-clockwise; to close the “ ” Dial, rotate it
clockwise until it stops.
6. Slowly open the “ ” Dial by turning it counterclockwise. The farther the “ ” Dial is rotated, the
greater the volume of steam that will be released. Tilt
the jug to one side to create a whirling motion in the
milk, keeping the tip of the frothing nozzle about 5 mm
below the milk’s surface. If large bubbles are being
created or if the milk spatters, the nozzle is being held
too high.
7. As the froth expands, it will be necessary to lower the jug.
8. When the frothed milk has expanded to about 3⁄4 the
volume of the jug, lower the frothing nozzle into the
jug to finish steaming (heating) the milk. Keep the jug
tilted to maintain a whirling motion in the milk. Steam
the milk until it’s between 60 and 74 degrees Celsius.
(At these temperatures, the jug will be very warm to
the touch.) Avoid scalding the milk, which occurs at
80 degrees.
9. Before removing the frothing arm from the milk, close
the “ ” Dial by turning it clockwise until it stops. This
prevents splattering.
Barista Tips
• Clean the frothing arm and nozzle immediately after use.
See “Care and Cleaning” beginning on page 10.
• Lower fat milks are generally easier to froth. Skim milk can
be tricky because it froths very easily, with a tendency to
form large bubbles and dry peaks that mar its texture.
Ultimately, the choice of milk is a matter of
experimentation and taste. The most important factors in
producing a superior froth are experience and good
refrigeration: the colder the milk you use, the better.
5. With the “ ” Dial closed, adjust the frothing arm so
it’s in a comfortable working position, and submerse
the tip of the frothing nozzle just below the surface of
the milk in the frothing jug.
Preparing Cappuccino
The Italian word “cappuccino“ is derived from “Capuchin,”
an order of monks who wear garments the color of this
most popular espresso drink. A standard cappuccino is a
combination of steamed milk and espresso that’s capped
with a layer of frothed milk; it’s usually served in a bowlshaped cup of 180–210 ml capacity.
To prepare cappuccino, froth and steam the milk before
brewing the espresso. This allows the froth to jell slightly
and fully separate from the milk. Once the milk is prepared,
brew one cup (30 ml) of espresso into a cappuccino cup,
then pour the frothed and steamed milk into the cup with
a gentle shaking motion. For a show-stopping flourish, top
your cappuccino with chocolate shavings.
9
English
Frothing and Steaming Milk
Dispensing Hot Water
English
Hot water can also be dispensed from the frothing arm.
This provides a convenient way to make Americanos, tea,
or hot chocolate. Filling a demitasse with hot water is also
a great way to warm it before brewing espresso.
NOTE: Always dispense hot water into an empty container
– dispensing into a cup or jug containing other ingredients
may cause splattering.
1. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine on.
2. Wait until the espresso machine has reached operating
temperature; this will take about
6 minutes. When the frothing boiler temperature
gauge needle climbs into the “ ” zone, the espresso
machine is ready to dispense hot water.
3. With the frothing arm pointed into an empty cup,
open the “ ” Dial by turning it slowly
counter-clockwise. Then press and hold the “
”
Button to dispense water.
NOTE: Residual frothing steam may exit the nozzle before
water dispenses. It may take several seconds for water to
begin flowing from the nozzle.
4. When the desired amount of water has been
dispensed, release the “ ” Button and close the
“ ” Dial by turning it clockwise until it stops.
Care and Cleaning
Cleaning the Housing and Accessories
Keeping the Artisan™ Espresso Machine clean is vital to
brewing the best espresso possible. Stale coffee oils on the
filter holder, filter baskets, and shower screen will ruin the
flavor of the most expertly prepared coffee, and any milk
left on the frothing arm should be removed.
Do not use abrasive cleansers or scouring pads when
cleaning the espresso machine, or any espresso machine
part or accessory.
• Wipe the espresso machine housing with a clean damp
cloth and dry with a soft cloth.
• Wash the filter holder in warm, soapy water and rinse
with clean water. Dry with a soft cloth. Do not wash the
filter holder in a dishwasher.
• The filter baskets, drip tray, drip plate, water tank, and
frothing jug can be washed in the top rack of a
dishwasher, or by hand in warm, soapy water. If washing
by hand, be sure to rinse with clean water and dry with a
soft cloth.
• Use the shower screen brush or a damp cloth to brush or
wipe coffee grounds from the brew head gasket and
shower screen.
Before Cleaning the Espresso Machine
1. Turn off the espresso machine.
2. Unplug the espresso machine from the wall outlet, or
disconnect power.
3. Let the espresso machine, and any attached parts or
accessories, cool.
Cleaning the Frothing Arm and Nozzle
The frothing arm and nozzle should always be cleaned after
milk is frothed.
1. Remove the frothing sleeve from the frothing nozzle by
pulling it downward. The frothing sleeve can be washed
in warm, soapy water. Make sure any openings in the
sleeve are free of residue.
2. Wipe the frothing arm and nozzle with a clean damp
cloth. Do not use an abrasive scouring pad.
3. Plug into a grounded outlet.
4. Turn the espresso machine on, and let the boilers reach
operating temperature. Point the frothing arm into an
empty cup and open the “ ” dial momentarily to run
steam through the frothing nozzle. This will clean the
nozzle tip.
10
Cleaning the Shower Screen
Descaling
Once every 75 to 100 cups of espresso, the shower screen
should be removed from the brew head to clean
thoroughly.
1. Using a short screwdriver, remove the screw at the
center of the shower screen by turning it counterclockwise. Once the screw is free, the shower screen
should drop from the brew head.
Calcium deposits (“scale”) from water will build up in the
espresso machine over time and may impair espresso
quality. Scale should be removed every four months; local
hard-water conditions may require more frequent
descalings. Use a packaged descaling agent or appropriate
decalcification tablets to remove scale.
1. Remove the shower screen from the brew head. See
“Cleaning the Shower Screen” to the left for instructions.
2. Make certain the water tank is empty. Following the
directions on the descaling agent packet, mix the
descaling solution and add it to the tank.
3. To catch the cleaning solution, place a large cup under
the brew head (do not attach the filter holder), and
another under the frothing nozzle.
4. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine on.
It is not necessary for the boilers to heat before
proceeding to the next step.
5. Press the “ ” Button and dispense cleaning agent
through brew head for 15 seconds; press the “ ”
Button again to shut off.
6. Open the “ ” Dial by turning it counter-clockwise,
then press and hold the “
” Button for 15 seconds
to dispense cleaning agent through the frothing arm
and nozzle.
7. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso machine off.
8. Wait 20 minutes, then repeat steps 4–7. Every 20
minutes, keep repeating steps 4–7 until nearly all the
solution in the tank has been run through the espresso
machine. Do not allow the tank to run completely dry.
9. Remove the water tank and rinse with fresh water,
then replace and fill with fresh water to the max fill
line. Press the “ ” Button to turn the espresso
machine on, and flush the espresso machine by
quickly dispensing the contents of the tank,
alternating between the brew head and frothing arm.
Do not allow the water tank to run completely dry.
10. Attach the shower screen to the brew head. See
“Cleaning the Shower Screen” on this page for
instructions. Be sure to add additional fresh water to the
tank for brewing.
2. Wash the shower screen in warm, soapy water, and
rinse with clean water.
3. Place the shower screen into the brew head with the
smooth side facing down, and attach with the shower
screen screw. Turn the screw clockwise until snug.
NOTE: When the shower screen is attached, the center
screw should be flush with the surface of the screen. If it is
not, remove the screen, turn it over, and re-attach.
Priming After Long Periods of Non-Use
For the best tasting espresso, prime the espresso machine
with fresh water after a long period of non-use. Priming
will also ensure that the boilers are filled and the espresso
machine is ready to operate.
1. Remove the tank, empty any stale water, replace, and fill
the tank with fresh water to the max fill line.
2. Fill the boilers with the fresh water. For instructions, see
“Fill and Rinse the Boilers” on page 6.
Troubleshooting Problems
If the water pump is noisy, the…
– water tank may be empty
– water tank siphon hoses may be kinked or
improperly placed
– boilers may not be filled
If water leaks from the filter holder…
– the filter holder may not be properly attached to the
brew head
– coffee grinds may be clinging to rim of filter holder or
brew head gasket
– the brew head gasket may be dirty or worn
If little steam or froth is being produced, the…
– frothing boiler may not be at operating temperature
– “ ” Dial may not be completely open
– frothing nozzle may be need to be cleaned
– water tank may be empty, or the frothing boiler may
not be filled
If the problem cannot be fixed with the steps above, see
the KitchenAid® Espresso Machine Warranty on page 16.*
If the power-on (I) indicator remains off and the
boilers fail to heat when the “ ” Button is pressed:
Check to see if the espresso machine is plugged in; if it is,
unplug the espresso machine, plug it back in, and press the
“ ” Button again. If the espresso machine still does not
operate, check the fuse or circuit breaker on the electrical
circuit the espresso machine is connected to and make
certain the circuit is closed.
If coffee does not flow from the filter holder, the…
– water tank may be empty, or the brewing boiler may
not be filled
– water tank siphon hoses may be kinked or
improperly placed
– shower screen may require cleaning
– espresso machine may need to be descaled
– coffee may be too finely ground
– coffee may be too firmly tamped
* Do not return the Espresso machine to the
retailer – they do not provide service.
11
English
Care and Cleaning
What is Espresso?
Espresso began as an attempt in the 1800s to quickly brew
coffee on demand, by the cup. The goal was to serve the
freshest, most flavorful coffee possible and avoid the
burned, stale taste of coffee kept warm on a stovetop. To
speed the brewing process, coffee pioneers struck upon the
idea of forcing water through the grounds under pressure.
Steam was initially used to supply the pressure, followed by
compressed air, lever operated pistons, and finally, the
electric water pump.
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Through the decades, the elements of espresso brewing
were tested and refined to produce the standards we have
today: one cup (30 ml) of true espresso comes from
exposing 7 grams of finely ground and packed coffee to
90–96º C water under 9 bars of pressure. In a brief 25
seconds, most of the highly flavorful coffee aromas and oils
are extracted, while the more bitter compounds and offtastes are left behind.
When the ground coffee is fresh and the brewing is done
well, the pressurized brew water emulsifies the coffee oils
into the golden foam called crema, which crowns the
espresso with ultimate flavor and aroma.
Overextraction and Underextraction
Brewing great espresso takes an understanding of what
actually winds up in the cup when coffee is exposed to
water. Roughly 30% of a roasted coffee bean is made of
water soluble compounds. 20% of those compounds
dissolve fairly easily, while the remaining 10% take a little
more work – which is a good thing, because that lesssoluble 10% is acidic, bitter, and generally unpleasant. The
goal of all coffee making is to extract the easily dissolved
oils and compounds while leaving the rest in the grounds.
If ground coffee steeps in water too long, all the soluble
compounds will be extracted, which makes for a very bitter
brew. This is called overextraction. The opposite of
overextraction is underextraction, which occurs when coffee
is not exposed to the brew water long enough, leaving the
essential flavors and aromas locked in the grounds.
Underextraction results in coffee that is weak in taste.
Whether brewed coffee is overextracted, underextracted,
or just right depends on several factors, including the ratio
of coffee to brew water, the fineness of the grind, the
brewing temperature, and the length of time the water is
in contact with the coffee. All these factors are either
directly or indirectly affected by the barista’s technique.
Before Brewing: The Elements of a Great Espresso
Great Tasting Water
Before the espresso machine is even plugged in, you’ll need
several elements to produce great coffee.
An often overlooked element of great espresso is the brew
water. If you don’t enjoy the flavor of your tap water, don’t
use it to brew espresso – use bottled, purified water
instead. Since it doesn’t take long for fresh water to
acquire a “flat” quality and taste, it’s also a good idea to
change the water in the tank often and refill the boilers
after a long period of non-use.
Do not use mineral water or distilled water – they can
damage the espresso machine.
Fresh Coffee Beans
Great coffee can only come from fresh coffee beans,
properly roasted. Many baristas recommend buying
beans roasted no darker than a medium roast, the color
of which appears as an even chocolate brown. This roast
preserves the natural sugars and flavor of the bean,
which sets the stage for excellent espresso. A medium
roast is the darkest a bean can be roasted without oils
developing on the surface.
Darkly roasted beans – which appear dark brown or
nearly black – look great, but the extra roasting
overwhelms the more delicate coffee flavors and
caramelizes any sugars. A heavy “roasted” coffee flavor,
often bitter and sharp, will predominate with a dark roast.
The Right Grind – and Grinder
Espresso demands a very fine, very consistent grind. Blade
grinders and inexpensive burr grinders usually fall short
when it comes to producing the grinds needed for
outstanding espresso.
The best espresso requires a quality burr grinder, like the
Artisan™ Burr Grinder. A good burr grinder will maximize
the flavor and aroma of espresso by producing an
extremely consistent grind with very little frictional heating.
To preserve the freshness of
coffee beans:
Keep beans in an opaque, air-tight container and store
them in a cool, dry place. Refrigeration is not
recommended, as condensation tends to form on the
beans whenever the container is opened. Freezing can help
preserve beans stored for an extended period, but it will
also impair flavor.
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Brewing Temperature
Dosing
Water temperature and temperature consistency have a
direct impact on the flavor of espresso. Great espresso
comes from brewing at an optimum temperature, ideally
between 90º–96º C. Modern boilers and thermostats excel
at producing and maintaining the right temperature, but
there is a complicating factor that is a major concern for
baristas: maintaining heat in the brew group.
If water is pumped from the boiler at a near perfect
93º C, but flows into a filter holder that’s at room
temperature, the water will cool dramatically – and the
actual brewing temperature will be far less than what the
best espresso requires. If the water temperature drops
below 90º C, the espresso might still exhibit good crema,
but it will acquire a distinctly bitter or sour note.
Dosing is the process of measuring ground coffee into the
filter basket. A single cup (30 ml) of espresso requires
7 grams of coffee – two cups, twice that. If filled level
with finely ground coffee, the scoop included with the
Artisan™ Espresso Machine is a near perfect measure for
one cup of espresso.
Accomplished baristas usually don’t bother making
precise measurements when dosing: they simply fill the
basket nearly to the brim and sweep any excess coffee from
the filter with their fingers, leaving exactly what they need.
After you’ve had some experience dosing, leveling, and
tamping your coffee, you’ll be able to consistently dose
your coffee by sight, just like the pros.
If you’re dosing coffee without the aid of a measuring
scoop, it is important not to overfill the filter basket. Coffee
needs room to expand when brewing. If the coffee is
crushed against the shower screen, it will prevent an even
dispersion of water across the filter, leading to uneven
extraction and poor espresso. Here’s how to tell if you’re
overfilling the filter basket:
1. Fill the basket, level the coffee, and apply a good tamp
(see the section, “Tamping”).
2. Attach the filter holder to the brew head, then remove
it immediately.
3. If the coffee in the filter holder has an imprint of the
shower screen or the shower screen screw, there is too
much coffee in the filter basket!
To Insure Proper Brewing Temperature:
• Always attach the filter holder (with filter basket) to the
brew head when the espresso machine is heating. This
warms the filter.
• Always wait until the boilers are fully heated before
brewing – at least 6 minutes.
• Dose and tamp your coffee quickly, and brew
immediately. This prevents the filter holder from cooling
significantly.
• Never rinse the filter holder with cool water if you are
brewing additional cups. After knocking the old grounds
from the filter, wipe leftover grounds from the basket
with a clean towel. Make sure the filter basket is dry
before adding more coffee.
• Keep the empty filter holder attached to the brew
head when you’re engaged in other tasks, like
grinding or frothing.
• Warm a cup or demitasse by placing it on top of the
espresso machine before brewing. Cups can also be
heated instantly with steam from the frothing arm.
Leveling
Leveling the coffee after it has been dosed into the filter is
a critical technique for great espresso. If the coffee isn’t
evenly distributed in the filter, tamping the coffee will
create areas of high and low density. The high pressure
brew water will inevitably follow the path of least
resistance, flowing heavily through the low density coffee
– overextracting the bitter coffee compounds – and
flowing lightly through the higher density coffee,
underextracting the flavorful essences. This uneven
extraction results in thin, weak, bitter espresso.
The Artisan™ Espresso Machine is designed to provide
an optimum brewing temperature. Dedicated dual boilers
eliminate the temperature fluctuations common with
single boiler designs when alternating between brewing
and frothing. The chrome-plated brass brew group heats
quickly, and is commercial-size for a very good reason:
commercial-size groups retain heat better than
smaller groups.
The Espresso Machine does it’s part to provide the
right brewing temperature. The rest is up to the barista!
To Level Coffee In the
Filter Basket:
• Make sure the filter basket is dry before adding coffee;
moisture in the basket will create a path of least resistance
for the brew water.
• After dosing the filter with coffee, level the coffee by
sweeping a finger back and forth over the filter. Do not
sweep in one direction only – this will cause the coffee to
pile up on one side of the basket and produce uneven
extraction. Try to impart a slight bowl shape to the
coffee, with the center lower than the sides.
• Make certain there are no gaps between the coffee and
the sides of the filter.
Grinding
Great espresso demands the freshest coffee, and the
freshest coffee is always ground immediately before
brewing. The most delicate aromatic compounds in coffee
go stale within a few minutes of grinding, so grind only as
much as you intend to brew immediately.
Properly Leveled Coffee
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Espresso Brewing Technique
Espresso Brewing Technique
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Tamping
Measuring Tamping Pressure
Tamping compresses the coffee into a level disc that
provides uniform resistance to the high-pressure brew
water. Properly leveled and tamped coffee will produce an
even extraction of coffee compounds – and great espresso.
Coffee that is tamped too softly will be deformed by the
brew water, resulting in uneven extraction, a fast brewing
time, and mediocre espresso. Coffee tamped too firmly
will slow the brewing time, making for a bitter,
overextracted beverage.
9 kilograms, 15 kilograms – how do you know how much
tamping force you are actually using? Do what the
baristas do: use a bathroom scale! Place a scale on a
table or countertop, and tamp your coffee on top of it.
Pretty soon, you will develop a feel for how much 9 or 15
kilograms of force is.
Volume
The brew group and boilers are heated. The fresh coffee
has been ground, dosed into the filter holder, expertly
leveled, and precisely tamped. Now comes the moment of
truth: brewing!
For the best espresso, never extract more than one cup
(30 ml) using the small filter basket or two cups (60 ml)
using the large one. Brewing more will overextract the
coffee and result in thin, bitter espresso.
As it pours, perfect espresso is a deep reddish brown
with a thick texture like honey running off a spoon. It
often forms what are called mouse-tails, or thin syrupy
streams. As increasingly bitter and acidic compounds are
extracted, the espresso pour will begin to lighten; in some
cases, the pour will become almost white. Expert baristas
will watch the pour carefully and quickly stop brewing if it
starts to lighten.
Espresso Ristretto is espresso brewed with less than
normal volume. Prepare the espresso machine to brew two
cups, but stop brewing when only
45 ml have been extracted. What you’ve done is restrict the
pour to include only the most flavorful and least bitter
coffee oils and essences.
Proper Tamping Technique
1. The tamper handle should be grasped like a doorknob,
with the base of the handle firmly against the palm.
When tamping, try to keep the tamper, wrist, and
elbow in a straight line.
2. With the bottom of the filter holder resting on a solid
surface, gently press the tamper into the coffee with the
goal of creating a level surface. Remove the tamper
from the filter basket with a slight twisting motion –
this will help prevent the tamper from pulling up chunks
of coffee.
Extraction Rate
Decades of experience have shown that the best espresso –
whether a single or a double cup – takes about 20–25
seconds to brew.
If your espresso is brewing much faster or slower than
20–25 seconds, and your tamping technique is good, adjust
the grind! Grind finer for a slower extraction rate, and
coarser for a faster one. Keep the dose and tamp the same.
Coffee is sensitive to the ambient humidity and will
absorb moisture readily. This will affect the extraction rate.
In a humid environment, the extraction rate will slow
down; in dry conditions, the extraction rate will speed up.
You may find yourself adjusting the grind according to the
season – or the day’s weather.
Some grinders do not allow the fine adjustments
necessary to correct the extraction rate. The best solution is
to invest in the KitchenAid® Artisan™ Burr Grinder. If this
isn’t possible, experiment with the tamping pressure. Tamp
with less force for a faster pour, and more force for a
slower one.
3. After removing the tamper, some grinds may stick to the
side of the filter basket. Tap the filter holder gently on
the table to jostle the grinds onto the tamped coffee
disc. Do not tap too hard, or the tamped coffee will
dislodge or fracture.
4. Apply a second, finishing tamp (also called a
polishing tamp).
Press straight down on the coffee with about 15
kilograms of pressure, then relax the force slightly (to
about 9 kilograms) and polish the coffee by turning the
tamper completely around twice.
5. Inspect your tamp. The coffee disc should be smooth
and level with no gaps between the side of the filter
basket and the coffee.
The Golden Crema
A mark of fine espresso is crema, the dense golden foam of
emulsified coffee oils that captures the essence of coffee
flavor. Good crema should be thick and cling to the side of
the cup when it’s tilted; the best crema should be able to
support a sprinkling of sugar for nearly 30 seconds.
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Espresso Brewing Technique
As it pours, if your espresso…
…has more of a cinnamon color,
instead of being deep brown:
• make sure your brew group and boilers are
fully heated
• use a less acidic blend of coffee
…barely dribbles out the filter holder:
• review your tamping technique – the tamp could be
too firm
• use a coarser grind
…is whitish with thin brown streaks:
• review your tamping technique – the tamped coffee
has fractured, or a gap has developed between the
coffee and the side of the filter basket
A Glossary of Espresso Drinks
Americano
Espresso Con Panna
180–240 ml of hot water added to a single cup (30 ml) of
espresso. This makes a superb cup of coffee.
Espresso topped with a dollop of whipped cream.
Café Latte
Espresso “pulled long” – that is, brewed with a greater
than normal volume. This technique produces caffeineheavy espresso which is thinner, lighter-colored, and less
full-bodied than normal. To make espresso lungo, brew
45 ml using the small filter basket, or 90 ml using the large
filter basket. Use a slightly coarser grind to keep the
brewing time between 20–25 seconds; extending the
brewing time beyond 30 seconds will make the espresso
lungo excessively bitter.
Espresso lungo is often used to make stronger-tasting
Americanos or lattes.
Espresso Lungo
250 to 300 ml of steamed milk added to a single cup (30
ml) of espresso. Lattes are often flavored with syrup.
Café Mocha
A café latte with chocolate syrup added, and usually topped
with whipped cream and chocolate flakes. It can also be
prepared without syrup using steamed chocolate milk.
Cappuccino
A standard cappuccino is a combination of steamed milk
and espresso that’s capped with a layer of frothed milk; it’s
usually served in a bowl-shaped cup of 180–210 ml
capacity. Powdered cocoa or cinnamon may be sprinkled
on top as a garnish.
Espresso Macchiato
Espresso with a dab of steamed milk added to the top.
Espresso Ristretto
Classic Cappuccino
An espresso “pulled short” – that is, brewed with less
than normal volume to maximize flavor and minimize
bitterness. For ristretto, simply brew about 22 ml using
the small filter basket or 45 ml using the large basket.
Classic cappuccino is common in Italy, and is simply
espresso topped with frothed milk.
Doppio
A double cup of espresso.
Espresso Breve
Espresso with steamed half & half poured on top.
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…is thin and fast-flowing:
• review your tamping technique – the tamp may not
be firm enough to provide an even resistance to the
brew water
• use a finer grind
• check coffee freshness
Troubleshooting Espresso
as it Brews
Household KitchenAid® Espresso Machine Warranty
Length of Warranty:
KitchenAid Will Pay For:
KitchenAid Will Not Pay For:
Europe, Australia and
New Zealand:
Two year Full Warranty from date of
purchase.
Replacement parts and repair labor
costs to correct defects in materials or
workmanship. Service must be
provided by an Authorized KitchenAid
Service Center.
A. Repairs when Espresso Machine is
used for operations other than
normal household food
preparation.
Other:
One Year Full Warranty from date
of purchase.
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B. Damage resulting from accident,
alterations, misuse, abuse, or
installation/ operation not in
accordance with local electrical
codes.
KITCHENAID DOES NOT ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR INDIRECT DAMAGES.
Service Centers
All service should be handled locally by an authorized
KitchenAid Service Center. Contact the dealer from whom
the unit was purchased to obtain the name of the nearest
authorized KitchenAid service facility.
In the U.K.:
Call 0845 6011 287
In Ireland:
M.X. ELECTRIC
Service Department
25 Alymer Crescent
Kilcock, CO.KILDARE
Call: 1 6792398/87 2581574
Fax: 1 6284368
In Australia:
Call 1800 990 990
In New Zealand:
Call 0800 881 200
Customer Service
In U.K. & Ireland: Tollfree number 00800 38104026
Address: KitchenAid Europa, Inc.
PO BOX 19
B-2018 ANTWERP 11
BELGIUM
www.KitchenAid.com
®
FOR THE WAY IT’S MADE.™
®Registered Trademark of KitchenAid, U.S.A.
™Trademark of KitchenAid, U.S.A.
© 2005. All rights reserved.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
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