Kestrel®4000 Pocket Weather® Tracker

Kestrel® 4000 Pocket Weather™ Tracker™
FRONT
Kestrel 4000
®
Pocket Weather Tracker
®
®
MANUAL MEMORY BUTTON
Press to manually store current
conditions to memory.
Instruction Manual
Kestrel 4000 & Kestrel 4000 NV Models
NK
BACKLIGHT BUTTON
Press to activate
backlight for 1 minute.
MEASUREMENT BUTTONS
Press to scroll between screens:
Date/Time, Measurements,
User Defined Screens
MODE BUTTONS
Press to change mode of
measurements: Current,
Min/Max/Avg, Chart.
POWER/SETUP BUTTON
Hold to turn power on or off. Press
to enter and exit Main Setup Menu.
COMMAND BUTTON
In Chart Screens, press
to view data points.
In Setup Menus, press
to make selection.
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Congratulations on the purchase of your Kestrel 4000 Pocket Weather Tracker! The Kestrel 4000 is the next generation of weather
monitoring. Now, you can instantly measure EVERY major environmental condition easily, accurately, and right in the palm of your hand.
While the Kestrel 4000 is user-friendly and simple to use (and the Quick Start Card will help get you started), reading the instruction
manual is recommended in order to use the Kestrel 4000 to its fullest potential.
NK, manufacturer of Kestrel Pocket Weather Meters, is available to answer questions and provide support. Contact NK by phone:
610.447.1555, fax: 610.447.1577, email: info@nkhome.com, or web: www.nkhome.com.
Kestrel® 4000 Pocket Weather™ Tracker™
IMPELLER
Sapphire jewel bearings
on a user-replaceable
impeller.
IMPELLER COVER
Swivel cover protects
impeller when not in use.
BACK
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Hermetically sealed
precision thermistor
coiled to isolate from
case temperature.
Getting Started
Pouch and Lanyards
Battery Installation
On/Off
Date and Time Set Up
Screen Navigation
Measurements and Modes
Charts
Special Functions
User Screens
Wind Speed/Chill Averaging
Accurate Humidity Readings
Barometer/Altimeter Adjustments
Manual Data Storage
Backlight
Main Setup Menu
Application Examples
Memory Capabilities
Glossary
Factory Default Settings
PC Upload
Specifications
HUMIDITY SENSOR
Capacitive sensor with
secondary thermistor to
improve accuracy and
response.
SERIAL NUMBER
DATA UPLOAD OPTICAL COUPLER
Software and serial port
interface sold separately.
BATTERY DOOR
Sealed with o-ring to keep
product watertight.
PRESSURE SENSOR
Monolithic silicon
piezoresistive sensor.
2 AAA BATTERIES
3
5
5
5
5
5-6
6
7
7
7
7-9
9
9
9-12
12-13
13
14
15
15
16-18
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Pouch and Lanyards
Wrist and neck lanyards and a small pouch have been provided. To install the lanyard, feed the thin end of the
lanyard around the metal post on the battery door (as shown in diagram). Feed the thick end of the lanyard
through the loop on the thin end. Using tweezers can help.
Battery Installation
Use only AAA batteries. Install batteries as indicated on the battery door. After installing the batteries, the
Kestrel 4000 will automatically start in the Date and Time Setting mode. (See Date and Time Setup below.)
Custom settings and chart data will be saved during a battery change; only the date/time and MMA values will
be lost.
Turning the Kestrel 4000 ON and OFF
ON: Press the button.
button with the word OFF highlighted. (Note: your
OFF: Hold the button for two seconds. Or, press the button, then press the
unit will continue to automatically store data when the power is turned off.)
Date and Time Setup
The first time that you turn on your Kestrel 4000, as well as after a battery change, you will need to set the date
and time. The Introduction Screen will appear for 3 seconds, followed by the Date/Time Setup Screen. Press the
and
buttons to scroll through the settings. Press the and buttons to scroll through the setting options.
After entering the date and time, press the button to exit the Date/Time Setup. Then press the
button
again to exit the Main Setup Menu.
The Kestrel 4000 is set up to display 10 Measurements (some are actually calculations) in 3 Modes. The Measurements are listed on the
next page with their corresponding screen icon. Use the and
buttons to scroll through the various Measurements.
The Modes are:
Current - displays the instantaneous reading
Min/Max/Avg - displays the Minimum/Maximum/Average readings from stored data
Chart - displays a graphical representation of up to 2000 stored data points for each measurement.
Examples of each of these screens are shown on the next page. Use the
and buttons to scroll through the various Modes.
In addition to these Measurements and Modes, there are also 3 User Screens, which simultaneously show 3 current measurements
(see pages 7 and 11 for more information); and the Date & Time Screen, which gives the current date and time.
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User Screens
The Kestrel 4000 has three User Screens which can be customized to display three current measurements
simultaneously. (See page 11 for setup instructions.)
Min/Max/Avg for Wind Speed and Wind Chill
The Min/Max/Avg values for Wind Speed and Wind Chill are measured independently from the stored and charted data. While viewing
the Min/Max/Avg screen for either Wind Speed or Wind Chill, press the
button when the screen displays “--average” to begin
collecting data for both measurements. Press the
button when the screen displays “--stop” to stop collecting data and hold the
values on the display. Press the
button when the screen displays “--clear” to clear the data. This routine will work simultaneously
for both measurements, regardless of which one is displayed while the routine is run. The Min/Max/Avg for Wind Speed and Wind
Chill will not affect any other Min/Max/Avg or stored data.
Relative Humidity
The Kestrel 4000 is capable of measuring RH to a high accuracy: +/- 3% RH. To ensure the Kestrel 4000’s ability to operate within these
specifications, follow these recommendations:
• Avoid taking measurements in direct sunlight, which will heat the air inside the humidity sensor enclosure and cause inaccurate
readings.
• If your circumstances force you to expose the Kestrel to a large temperature swing prior to taking a relative humidity reading (such
as when taking a Kestrel stored inside at 70° F outside to a temperature of 40° F), you will need to take additional steps to ensure
that the Kestrel’s external temperature sensor is in thermal equilibrium
- Ideally, provide an airflow of at least 1 M/S (2.2 MPH, over the temperature sensor, moving from the back of the unit towards
the front. (In other words, point the Kestrel into the airflow.) With airflow over the temperature sensors and humidity
chambers, readings within specifications will be provided within two to three minutes, even after a large temperature shift.
- If no airflow can be provided, you must allow sufficient time for the RH value to stabilize. This can take as long as 20 minutesthe greater the temperature change, the greater the time. You can use the logging capability of the Kestrel 4000 to confirm
that the unit has stabilized to a correct reading: Set the memory options to a relatively short logging interval (20 seconds works
well, see page 10 for instructions), select the graphical display of RH, and you can see when the value is no longer changing
significantly. At that point, the RH value is stable and can be relied upon to be within the accuracy specifications.
Barometric Pressure and Altitude Adjustment
The Kestrel 4000 measures station pressure - the actual air pressure in the measurement location - and uses this value to calculate
barometric pressure and altitude. Station pressure changes in response to two things - changes in altitude and changes in the
atmosphere. Because the Kestrel 4000 is constantly changing location and altitude, it is important to enter adjustments or “references”
when accurate pressure and altitude readings are needed.
Barometric pressure is station pressure corrected to sea level. In order to make the correction, the Kestrel 4000 needs an accurate
reference altitude. Altitude is the height above sea level. In order to correctly calculate altitude, the Kestrel 4000 needs an accurate
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Measurements use
Measurement Navigation
Wind Speed
Starting on the Date & Time
Screen…
Temperature
Wind Chill
…Press the
button to
scroll to the Current Wind
Speed Screen.
Humidity
HI
DP
WB
Heat Index
Dew Point
Wet Bulb
Barometric
Pressure
Altitude
D
button again
Press the
to scroll to the Current
Temperature Screen.
Density
Altitude
Continue pressing the
button to scroll through the Current
Measurement Screens, listed on the previous
page, followed by the 3 User Screens. Press
the
button to scroll through these screens
in reverse order.
Mode Navigation
While in a Current Screen, press the
button to view the Min/Max/Avg for a
measurement. If there is no stored
data, the values will be displayed as
--.Press the button again to view a chart
for the measurement. If there is no
stored data, the axis will appear, but the
chart will be blank.
button to return to the
Press the
Min/Max/Avg and Current Screens. From either Min/
Max/Avg or Chart Screen, press the
or
button
to scroll through the Min/Max/Avg or Chart Screen
for the other measurements.
Modes use
Current
Min/Max/Avg
Chart
Navigation of Charts
The Kestrel 4000 is capable of storing up to 2000 data points for each measurement. To review
Value
the data, press the
button while viewing a chart. A cursor will appear on the most recent data
point. Press the button to scroll through older data points and the button to scroll through
Chart
more recent data points. The date and time at which the data was stored will be displayed at the
Cursor
bottom of the screen. The data value will be displayed at the top of the screen. Hold down the
Date & Time
or button to scroll quickly through the data points.
Press the
or
button to review the data for the other measurements. Please note that the cursor will remain at the same date and time.
If new data is stored while viewing chart data, the entire chart will shift left with the new data point charted on the right. The cursor will not shift
with the chart.
Press the
button to return to the Chart Mode.
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barometric pressure reference, also known as an “altimeter setting”. You only need to know ONE of these values (current barometric
pressure or current altitude) in order to set your Kestrel up to show accurate readings.
- Starting with the known barometric pressure for your location: You can obtain your current barometric pressure
by checking an internet weather site for a nearby location, or contacting a local airport. Set this value as your
reference pressure on the ALTITUDE screen to determine your correct altitude: Press the
button to enter the
reference setting mode. Press the
button to increase the reference pressure or the button to decrease the
reference pressure. You will notice that the altitude will change with changes in the reference pressure. Press the
button to exit the adjustment mode. Set your Kestrel down on a table and allow the altitude reading to stabilize. (Note: very small
changes in pressure generate noticeable changes in altitude. In order to provide meaningful readings for activities where altitude
changes quickly, the Kestrel 4000 features rapid altitude response. This is why the altitude readings tend to fluctuate by a few feet.)
After obtaining a current altitude from the ALTITUDE screen, move to the BARO screen and enter this value as your reference altitude
by following the same procedure. Both readings will now be accurate.
- Starting with a known altitude for your location: You can obtain your altitude from a topographical map or local
landmark. Set this value as your reference altitude on the BARO screen to determine your barometric pressure:
Press the
button to enter the reference setting mode. Press the
button to increase the reference altitude
or the button to decrease the reference altitude. You will notice that the barometric pressure will change with
changes in the reference altitude. Press the
button to exit the adjustment mode. Again, allow the Kestrel to
stabilize, then enter the value from the BARO screen as your reference pressure on the ALTITUDE screen by following the same
procedure. Both readings are now accurate.
When reviewing stored data, remember that changes in pressure AND changes in location/altitude will affect the stored values. When
tracking pressure changes relative to weather, set the reference altitude on the BARO screen and keep the Kestrel in one location. Your
graph history will now show trends in barometric pressure. Your altitude as shown on the ALTITUDE screen will change as the weather
changes, but you can ignore this screen for this purpose.
If you are planning a day hike would like to track your altitude, you’ll need to enter the correct reference pressure on the ALTITUDE screen
as described above in “starting with the known barometric pressure.” You can now track the altitude changes as you hike. In this instance,
you should ignore the values on the BARO screen, since the pressure changes will be due to changes in elevation far more than to
changes in the weather.
In general, changes in barometric pressure associated with weather changes are small over the course of one day, but they will affect
the accuracy of the altimeter over time. This is why aircraft reset their altimeters at every airfield by entering the field’s “altimeter setting”
or reference pressure. Accordingly, if accurate altitude readings are your primary interest, you should reset the reference pressure on
your Kestrel regularly. If you encounter an elevation landmark, you can adjust the reference pressure until the altitude matches the
landmark elevation. This will correct the altitude for any pressure changes due to the weather. (Or, you can obtain an updated reference
pressure from the sources described above.)
Some final notes - If you wish to know the actual or station pressure for your location (such as for engine tuning), simply set the reference
altitude on the BARO screen to “0”. In this case, the Kestrel will not make any adjustment and will display the measured value. And, the
above discussion applies to ALL pressure altimeters, including one you may have in a watch or other device, but not to GPS altimeters
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which use satellite triangulation to determine altitude. Note that with present GPS technology, pressure altimeters remain more
accurate for measuring altitude change. This is why airplanes still rely on pressure altimeters, not GPS. Finally, the DENSITY ALTITUDE
screen is calculated from the absolute values of station pressure, relative humidity and temperature, and is not affected by the
reference values entered in the BARO and ALTITUDE screens.
Manual Data Storage
button. One of the following will appear: Data Stored (data has been captured and will appear
To manually store data, press the
on chart), Full (Overwrite is off and data log is full), or Off (Manual Store button has been disabled). See page 10 for more information
on Memory.
Backlight
The Kestrel 4000 has a high-visibility green backlight, which makes the display easily read in low-light conditions. The Kestrel 4000
NV has a visible red backlight which preserves the natural night vision of users such as military personnel and pilots. It takes 30 to 45
minutes for the average eye to adapt to darkness and maximize night vision. Even a short burst of white, yellow, green or blue light
“bleaches out” the rod cell photoreceptors in the eye and causes night blindness until the entire adaptation process can take place
again. Light in the red spectrum does not cause this “bleaching out”, preventing night blindness and night vision fatigue. This unit’s red
backlight is also much dimmer than a standard backlight, making it more difficult to detect with the naked eye in night operations.
Press the button to activate the backlight. The light will remain activated for one minute. Press the button within one minute
to deactivate the light manually.
You can customize your Kestrel 4000 in multiple ways. Press the button to access the Main Setup Menu. Press the
button to
select the highlighted setting. The Main Setup Menu contains: OFF, Memory Options, Measurements, Graph Scale, Units, User Screens,
System, Date & Time, Language and Restore.
button to turn the display off. Even when the Kestrel’s display is turned off, the unit will continue to
Off - Press the or the
automatically store data at the defined Store Rate. Wind speed will NOT be stored when the unit is off. To continuously measure wind
speed, turn the auto shutdown off (pg. 11). The battery life will be decreased if data is stored frequently. The only way to completely
shut off the unit is to remove the batteries. Custom settings and data will be stored when the batteries are removed.
Memory Options - These settings control the data storage properties. Press the
Setting
button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
Description
Operation
Clear Log
(Go/Done)
All stored data is cleared. This will also clear Min/Max/Avg data.
Press
or
to clear the log.
Reset MMA
(Go/Done)
All Min/Max/Avg data is cleared. Chart data will remain intact.
Press
or
to clear the MMA.
Auto Store
(On/Off )
When On, data is automatically stored at preset Store Rate. When
Off, data is only stored when manually captured with the
button.
Press or to toggle
between On and Off.
Store Rate* The frequency at which data sets are automatically stored.
(2 sec - 12 hr) (Battery life may be shortened if data is stored frequently.)
Press or to increase or
decrease Store Rate frequency.
Overwrite
(On/Off )
This setting only applies when the data log is full.
When On, oldest data point is discarded to allow memory for
the new data point. When Off, new data points are not saved.
Press or to toggle
between On and Off.
Man Store
(On/Off )
When On, data is stored when the
button is pressed.
When off, the
button is disabled.
Press or to toggle
between On and Off.
* When unit is off, data is NOT stored for 2 sec and 5 sec Store Rates.
Measurements - Measurement screens can be hidden from the normal measurement navigation. For example, if wind chill is not of
or button to toggle between ON and OFF for each individual measurement. Press the
or
interest, it can be hidden. Press the
button to highlight the desired measurement. Press the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
Graph Scale - These settings control the chart limits of your meter. Depending on the conditions, the lower and upper limits of the chart
or
scale may need to be adjusted in order to get the best view of the data. Highlight the desired measurement by pressing the
button. Select the highlighted measurement by pressing the
button. Press the or button to increase or decrease the value of
the limits. Press the
or
button to change between the upper and lower limits. Press the button to exit and return to the
measurement selection screen. Press the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
10
9
Date & Time - The date and time, as well as date and time formats, can be adjusted. The Time Formats available are: 12 hour and 24 hour.
The Date formats available are day/month/year and month/day/year. (See page 5 for instructions on how to set the date and time.) Press
the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
Language - Displayed text can be set in one of five languages: English, French, German, Italian or Spanish. To choose a language, use the
and
buttons to highlight the desired language. Press the
button to select the language and return to the Main Setup Menu.
Otherwise, press the button to return to the Main Setup Menu without changing languages.
Restore - Default settings for units of measure, date and time formats, and system settings can be restored. (See page 15 for a list of
or
button to highlight the desired default setting: Metric, Imperial or Defaults. Press the or
the default settings. ) Press the
button to reset the factory setting. Press the to return to the Main Setup Menu.
Units - The units of measure can be adjusted to best suit the application. The following units are available:
Wind Speed
m/s meters per second
km/h kilometers per hour
kt
knots
mph miles per hour
ft/m feet per minute
Bft
Beaufort
Temperature,
Dewpoint, Wet
Bulb Temp, Wind
Chill & Heat Index
°C Celsius
°F Fahrenheit
Pressure
inHg inches mercury
hPa hectopascals
psi pound per square inch
mb millibar
Altitude,
Density Alt.
m meters
ft feet
Highlight the desired measurement by pressing the
or
button. Press the or button to scroll through the available units.
Press the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
User Screens - The three User Screens can be reconfigured to display the most appropriate information for the application. Only
current measurements can be selected for the User Screens - Min/Max/Avg and Charts are not available.
Highlight the desired User Screen by pressing the
or
button. Press the
button to select the highlighted User Screen. Press
the
and
buttons to change lines, and the or button to scroll through the available measurements for each highlighted
line. Press the button to return to the User Screen Setup Menu. Repeat above process for the other User Screens or press
the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
System - The display Contrast and Auto Shutdown can be reconfigured as required. The relative humidity and pressure sensors can
and
buttons to highlight the appropriate selection, and the or button to adjust or select.
also be recalibrated. Press the
The Contrast can be adjusted for better visibility depending on the ambient lighting conditions. Press the or button to increase
or decrease the contrast from 0 to 20 (0 is lightest, 20 is darkest).
The display can be set to automatically turn off in order to conserve the battery life. Auto Shutdown will only occur after the preset
time has elapsed without any button presses. Press the
or
button to scroll through the Auto Shutdown options (15 minutes,
60 minutes, Off ).
Baro Cal - The pressure sensor can be calibrated if necessary. It is extremely important to know the precise altitude and mean sea
level barometric pressure at the time of calibrating the sensor. First, set the reference altitude on the BARO measurement screen
to the known altitude (see Pressure Adjustment on page 9). Then adjust the calibrating setting on the Baro Cal screen to the known
mean sea level barometric pressure. Recalibration of this sensor is not typically required, and it is not recommended that you
recalibrate without speaking to an NK technician.
Humidity Cal - The humidity sensor can be calibrated by “teaching” it the correct humidity. Some special equipment is required for
this calibration, including two hermetically sealed containers and saturated salt solutions. NK offers a calibration kit, and instructions
are available on www.nkhome.com. Recalibration of this sensor is not typically required, and it is not recommended that you
recalibrate without speaking to an NK technician.
Press the button to return to the Main Setup Menu.
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This section provides examples of applications where a Kestrel 4000 might be used, and the appropriate memory settings.
Weather Monitoring
Auto Store On
Store Rate 1 hr
Overwrite On
Man Store Off
These settings will allow you to track conditions for almost 3 months.
When the memory is full, each new measurement will be stored in
place of the oldest data point. The charts will provide a quick look at
the recent weather conditions. Keep an eye out for falling barometric
pressure, which indicates a storm is coming.
Hiking/Camping for the Weekend
Auto Store On
Store Rate 20 min
Overwrite Off
Man Store On
These settings will allow you to track the conditions for almost 26
days. Measurements will be stored every 20 minutes, and stop storing
when the log is full. This will let you review the trip at your convenience
when you return. You can also manually store the conditions, in case
you get caught in 40 mile per hour winds or make it to the top of
a mountain. For more detailed information on your trip, set the
Store Rate to 2 hours overnight, and 10 minutes during the day.
Soaring/Hang Gliding
Auto Store On
Store Rate 2 min
Overwrite Off
Man Store On
These settings will allow you to track all conditions for 66
hours. Chart your altitude changes, watch how the
temperature and humidity vary with altitude, and log your
apparent speed. Data will no longer be stored once the log is
full, in order to preserve it until it can be reviewed later. Be
sure to clear the data log just before your flight.
Skydiving
Auto Store On
Store Rate 2 sec
Overwrite Off
Man Store Off
These settings will allow you to record a detailed account of
your jump. Be sure to clear the data log just before jumping.
As you descend toward the ground, you will be tracking the
altitude every two seconds, as well as the conditions at that
altitude. The chart will clearly show the point at which the
parachute opens, as well as the point you get back on the
ground.
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HVAC - Environmental Monitoring
Auto Store On
Store Rate 5 min
Overwrite
On
Man Store
Off
These settings will record conditions every five minutes, for a
total storage of almost 2 days. You can monitor the conditions
in a laboratory or manufacturing plant, both day and night, to
determine if the climate control is working properly. Or you can
examine the effect on the environment when employees enter
and exit the building.
Store Rate
2 sec
5 sec
10 sec
20 sec
30 sec
1 min
2 min
5 min
Total Memory
1 hr, 6 min, 40 sec
2 hr, 46 min, 40 sec
5 hr, 33 min, 20 sec
11 hr, 6 min, 40 sec
16 hr, 30 min
1 day, 9 hr, 20 min
2 days, 18 hr, 40 min
6 days, 22 hr, 40 min
HVAC/R - System Balancing
Auto Store Off
Store Rate —
Overwrite Off
Man Store On
These settings will require you to press the Manual Store Button
in order to store any data at a duct, hood, vent, or other air system.
The meter will not store any data automatically. Be sure to record
the location and date/time of storage for reference when
reviewing the data. After storing the conditions at each location,
simply review the data and balance the system.
Store Rate
10 min
20 min
30 min
1 hr
2 hr
5 hr
12 hr
Total Memory
13 days, 21 hr, 20 min
27 days, 18 hr, 40 min
41 days, 16 hr
83 days, 8 hr
166 days, 16 hr
416 days, 16 hr
1000 days
The below definitions have been greatly simplified in order to keep this section brief. We strongly recommend that anyone who
wishes to make use of these measurements refer to one of the many excellent weather references available for a more in-depth
definition. On the internet, visit www.usatoday.com or www.noaa.gov. Or, locate the USA Today publication, The Weather Book. Please
note that any words in a definition printed in italics are themselves defined in this glossary.
Altimeter Setting: An aviation term for the local barometric pressure. Same as reference pressure.
Altitude: The distance above sea level. The Kestrel 4000 calculates altitude based on the measured station pressure and the input
barometric pressure - or “reference pressure”.
Barometric Pressure: The air pressure of your location reduced to sea level. Pressure will change as weather systems move into your
location. Falling pressure indicates the arrival of a low pressure system and expected precipitation or storm conditions. Steady or rising
pressure indicates clear weather. A correct altitude must be input for the Kestrel 4000 to display barometric pressure correctly.
Density Altitude: The altitude at which you would be, given the current air density. Often used by pilots in order to determine how
an aircraft will perform. Also of interest to individuals who tune high performance internal combustion engines, such as race care
engines.
Dewpoint: The temperature to which air must be cooled in order for condensation to occur. The difference between dewpoint and
temperature is referred to as the “temperature/dew point spread”. A low dewpoint spread indicates high relative humidity, while a large
dewpoint spread indicates dry conditions.
Heat Index: A practical measure of how hot the current combination of relative humidity and temperature feels to a human body.
Higher relative humidity makes it seem hotter because our ability to cool ourselves by evaporating perspiration is reduced.
Reference Pressure: The local barometric pressure. Input to the altitude screen to provide correct altitude readings. Also known as
the altimeter setting.
Relative Humidity: The amount of water vapor actually in the air divided by the maximum amount of water vapor the air could hold
at that temperature, expressed as a percentage.
Station Pressure: The air pressure of your location, NOT reduced to the sea level equivalent.
Temperature: The ambient air temperature.
Wet Bulb Temperature: The lowest temperature to which a thermometer can be cooled by evaporating water into the air at constant
pressure. This measurement is a holdover from the use of an instrument called a sling psychrometer. To measure wet bulb temperature
with a sling psychrometer, a thermometer with a wet cloth covering over the bulb is spun rapidly through the air. If the relative
humidity is high, there will be little evaporative cooling and the wet bulb temperature will be quite close to the ambient temperature.
Some exercise physiology guides use wet bulb temperature, rather than heat index, as a measure of the safety of exercise in hot and
humid conditions.
Wind Chill: The cooling effect of combining wind and temperature. The wind chill gives a more accurate reading of how cold it really
feels to the human body. The Kestrel 4000’s wind chill is based on the National Weather Service standards as of November 1, 2001.
13
UNIT
Wind Functions
Temperature Functions
Barometric Pressure
Altitude Functions
Time Format
Date Format
METRIC
m/s
°C
hPa
m
24 hour
day/month/year
IMPERIAL
mph
°F
inHg
ft
12 hour
month/day/year
SETTING
Automatic Data Store
Data Store Rate
Data Overwrite
Manual Data Store
User Screen 1
User Screen 2
User Screen 3
Display Contrast
Automatic Shutdown
Language
FACTORY DEFAULT
On
1 hour
On
On
wind speed, temperature, humidity
humidity, dewpoint, wet bulb
pressure, altitude, density altitude
10
15 minutes
English
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Measurement
Accuracy
(+/-)
Specification
Range
Operational
Range
Resolution
MPH
0.8 to 135.0
0.1
fpm
59 to 11,948
1
Knots
0.6 to 118.3
0.1
Beaufort
0 to 12
1
m/s
0.4 to 60.0
0.1
0.4 to 40.0 m/s
KPH
1.0
0.1
1.0 to 144
Units
Response Time
Wind Speed
1 second
0.8 to 89.0 MPH
59 to 7877
3% of
reading
0.6 to 78
0 to 12
1 inch diameter impeller with precision axle and sapphire bearings, individually tested in NIST-traceable wind tunnel. Calibration
drift < 1% after 100 hours use at 16 MPH / 7 m/s. Sustained operation above 60 MPH / 27 m/s will wear impeller rapidly and may
cause destruction of impeller. Replacement impeller, PN-0801, may be field-installed without tools (US Patent 5,783,753).
Temperature
1 minute
°F
°C
-50.0 to 260.0
-45.0 to 125.0
0.1
0.1
1.8
1
-20 to 158
-29 to 70 °C
Thermally isolated, hermetically sealed, precision thermistor mounted externally (US Patent 5,939,645). Calibration drift negligible.
Relative Humidity
1 minute
%RH
0.0 to 100.0
0.1
3.0 %RH
5 to 95 % non
Polymer capacitive humidity sensor mounted in thin-walled chamber external to case for rapid, accurate response (US Patent
6,257,074). Response specification is time to achieve 95% or better of stated accuracy. Calibration drift +/- 2% over 24 months.
Relative humidity may be recalibrated at factory or in field using Kestrel Humidity Calibration Kit, PN-0824.
Pressure
inHg
8.86 to 32.48
0.01
0.05
At 77°F, <19,700 ft
1 second
hPa
300.0 to 1100.0
0.1
1.5
At 25 °C, <6,000 m
millibars
300.0 to 1100.0
0.1
1.5
At 25 °C, <6,000 m
Monolithic silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor with second-order temperature correction. Maximum error beyond specified
temperature, +/- 0.09 inHg / 3.0 hPa. Calibration drift typically -0.03 inHg / -1.0 hPa per year. Pressure sensor may be recalibrated
at factory or in field (facilitated by Kestrel Computer Interface, PN-0830).
Dewpoint
°F
1 minute
°C
Stored data may be uploaded to a PC with the optional Kestrel PC Interface, NK part number 0830.
15
0.0 to 100.0 %RH,
-50.0 to 260.0 °F
0.0 to 100.0 %RH,
-45.0 to 125.0 °C
0.1
3.6
0.1
2
-20 to 158 °F, 20 to
95% RH
-29 to 70 °C, 20 to 95
%RH
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Measurement
Units
Operational
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
(+/-)
Minimum, maximum, average and logged history stored and displayed for every
Specification Range
Data Display and Storage measured value. 2000-point data logger with graphical display. Auto data storage; interval
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 0.1
3.6
-20 to 158 °F, 20 to 95% RH
50.0 to 260.0 °F
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 1 minute
°C
0.1
2
-29 to 70 °C, 20 to 95 %RH
45.0 to 125.0 °C
The above values are calculated from the primary measurements of wind speed, temperature and relative humidity.
Heat Index
Wind Chill
°F
1 second
°C
Dewpoint
°F
1 minute
°C
Heat Index
°F
1 minute
°C
Wet Bulb
°F
1 minute
°C
Altitude
ft
1 second
m
0.7 to 135.0 MPH, 50.0 to 260.0 °F
0.4 to 60.0 m/s, -45.0
to 125.0 °C
0.1
1.8
1.8 to 89 MPH, -20 to 158 °F
0.1
1
0.4 to 40 m/s, -29 to 70 °C
0.1
3.6
-20 to 158 °F, 20 to 95% RH
0.1
2
-29 to 70 °C, 20 to 95 %RH
0.1
3.6
-20 to 158 °F, 20 to 95% RH
0.1
2
-29 to 70 °C, 20 to 95 %RH
0.1
3.6
32 to 100 °F, 5 to 95% RH,
8.86 to 32.48 inHg, <19700 ft
0.1
2
0 - 37 °C, 5 to 95 %RH,
-2000 to 9000 hPa, <6000 m
-6000 to 30000 ft
1
50
-2000 to 9000 m
1
15
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 50.0 to 260.0 °F
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 45.0 to 125.0 °C
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 50.0 to 260.0 °F
0.0 to 100.0 %RH, 45.0 to 125.0 °C
-50.0 to 260.0 °F, 0.0
to 100.0 %RH, 8.86 to
32.48 inHg
-45.0 to 125.0 °C, 0.0
to 100.0 %RH, 300.0
Display Digits
Display Update
Display Languages
Display Backlight
Multifunction, multi-digit programmable dot-matrix display.
1 second
English, French, German, Italian, Spanish
Choice of aviation green or visible red electroluminescent backlight. Automatic or manual
operation.
The operational temperature range of the liquid crystal display and batteries is 0° F to 131°
Operational
F / -18 °C to 55 °C. Beyond the limits of this range, the unit must be maintained within
Temperature Range range and exposed for minimum time necessary to take reading.
Storage Temperature
Auto Shutdown
Batteries
Sealing
At 77°F, <19,700 ft.
Max error +/- 98 ft
At 25 °C, <6,000 m.
Max error +/- 30 m
-50.0 - 260.0 °F, 0.0 to
32 to 100 °F, 5-95% RH,
100.0 % RH, 8.86 to
1
246
8.86 to 32.48 inHg, <19700 ft
32.48 inHg
-45.0 to 125.0 °C, 0.0
m
0 - 37 °C, 5 to 95 %RH,
to 100.0 %RH, 300.0
1 second
1
75
-2000 to 9000 hPa, <6000 m
to 1100.0 hPa
The above values are calculated from the primary measurements of wind speed, temperature, relative humidity and pressure.
Density Altitude
settable from 2 seconds to 12 hours. Manual data capture.
°F
Dimensions
Weight
-22 °F to 140 °F / -30 °C to 60 °C
User-selectable: 15 minutes, 60 minutes or disabled
AAA Alkaline, two, included. Average life, 400 hours of use, +/-depending on backlight
use.
Waterproof (IP67 standard)
5.0 x 1.8 x 1.1 in / 12.7 x 4.5 x 2.8 cm
3.6 oz / 102 gm
ft
Nielsen-Kellerman
610.447.1555
www.nkhome.com
info@nkhome.com
Instruction Manual for Kestrel 4000 version: 4.11 ALL
Color
17
Dark grey, safety orange or olive drab (FED-STD-595B, Color 34088).
18
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