Table of Contents

Table of Contents
1.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND WARNINGS .............................................. 1
2.
GENERAL INFORMATION .......................................................................... 2
2.1
ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTICS (OBD) II ............................................................. 2
2.2
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCS) ........................................................ 2
2.3
LOCATION OF THE DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC) .................................... 3
2.4
OBD II READINESS MONITORS .................................................................... 4
2.5
OBD II MONITOR READINESS STATUS ......................................................... 5
2.6
OBD II DEFINITIONS .................................................................................... 6
2.7
OBD II MODES OF OPERATION .................................................................... 7
3.
USING THE SCAN TOOL ............................................................................ 10
3.1
TOOL DESCRIPTION .................................................................................... 10
3.2
SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................... 12
3.3
ACCESSORIES INCLUDED............................................................................. 12
3.4
NAVIGATION CHARACTERS ........................................................................ 13
3.5
KEYBOARD .................................................................................................. 13
3.6
POWER AND CHARGE................................................................................... 13
3.7
DTC LOOKUP ............................................................................................. 16
3.8
SYSTEM SETUP ............................................................................................ 17
3.9
VEHICLE COVERAGE .................................................................................. 27
3.10 PRODUCT TROUBLESHOOTING.................................................................... 27
4.
REVIEW DATA ............................................................................................. 29
5.
OBDII DIAGNOSTICS ................................................................................. 30
5.1
READING CODES ......................................................................................... 32
5.2
ERASING CODES .......................................................................................... 34
5.3
LIVE DATA .................................................................................................. 36
5.4
VIEWING FREEZE FRAME DATA ................................................................. 47
5.5
RETRIEVING I/M READINESS STATUS......................................................... 49
5.6
O2 MONITOR TEST ..................................................................................... 55
5.7
ON-BOARD MONITOR TEST ........................................................................ 57
5.8
COMPONENT TEST ...................................................................................... 60
5.9
VIEWING VEHICLE INFORMATION .............................................................. 62
5.10 MODULES PRESENT .................................................................................... 63
6.
READY TEST ................................................................................................ 65
6.1
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................ 65
6.2
READY TEST APPLICATION .......................................................................... 65
6.3
LED AND TONE INTERPRETATION .............................................................. 68
7.
CIRCUIT TEST FUNCTION ....................................................................... 70
7.1
AUTO ......................................................................................................... 70
7.2
DC VOLTAGE .............................................................................................. 70
7.3
AC VOLTAGE ........................................................................................... 71
7.4
CONTINUITY ................................................................................................ 71
7.5
DIODES ........................................................................................................ 72
7.6
CURRENT .................................................................................................... 73
7.7
CURRENT .................................................................................................... 73
8.
START TEST ................................................................................................. 75
8.1
STARTER TEST ............................................................................................ 75
8.2
CHARGING SYSTEM TEST ........................................................................... 79
9.
BATTERY TEST—ONLY FOR AL539B .................................................... 84
10.
PRINT DATA ................................................................................................. 88
11.
WARRANTY AND SERVICE ...................................................................... 90
11.1 LIMITED ONE YEAR WARRANTY ................................................................ 90
11.2 SERVICE PROCEDURES ................................................................................ 90
1. Safety Precautions and Warnings
To prevent personal injury or damage to vehicles and/or the scan
tool, read this instruction manual first and observe the following
safety precautions at a minimum whenever working on a vehicle:










Always perform automotive testing in a safe environment.
Wear safety eye protection that meets ANSI standards.
Keep clothing, hair, hands, tools, test equipment, etc. away from
all moving or hot engine parts.
Operate the vehicle in a well ventilated work area: Exhaust gases
are poisonous.
Put blocks in front of the drive wheels and never leave the vehicle
unattended while running tests.
Use extreme caution when working around the ignition coil,
distributor cap, ignition wires and spark plugs. These
components create hazardous voltages when the engine is
running.
Put the transmission in PARK (for automatic transmission) or
NEUTRAL (for manual transmission) and make sure the parking
brake is engaged.
Keep a fire extinguisher suitable for gasoline/chemical/ electrical
fires nearby.
Don‟t connect or disconnect any test equipment while the
ignition is on or the engine is running.
Keep the scan tool dry, clean, free from oil/water or grease. Use a
mild detergent on a clean cloth to clean the outside of the scan
tool, when necessary.
1
2. General Information
2.1 On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II
The first generation of On-Board Diagnostics (called OBD I) was
developed by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) and
implemented in 1988 to monitor some of the emission control
components on vehicles. As technology evolved and the desire to
improve the On-Board Diagnostic system increased, a new generation
of On-Board Diagnostic system was developed. This second generation
of On-Board Diagnostic regulations is called "OBD II".
The OBD II system is designed to monitor emission control systems
and key engine components by performing either continuous or
periodic tests of specific components and vehicle conditions. When a
problem is detected, the OBD II system turns on a warning lamp (MIL)
on the vehicle instrument panel to alert the driver typically by the
phrase of “Check Engine” or “Service Engine Soon”. The system will
also store important information about the detected malfunction so
that a technician can accurately find and fix the problem. Here below
follow three pieces of such valuable information:
1) Whether the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is
commanded 'on' or 'off';
2) Which, if any, Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are stored;
3) Readiness Monitor status.
2.2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes are codes that are stored by the
on-board computer diagnostic system in response to a problem found
in the vehicle. These codes identify a particular problem area and are
intended to provide you with a guide as to where a fault might be
occurring within a vehicle. OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes
consists of a five-digit alphanumeric code. The first character, a letter,
identifies which control system sets the code. The other four
characters, all numbers, provide additional information on where the
DTC originated and the operating conditions that caused it to set. Here
below is an example to illustrate the structure of the digits:
2
2.3 Location of the Data Link Connector (DLC)
The DLC (Data Link Connector or Diagnostic Link Connector) is the
standardized 16-cavity connector where diagnostic scan tools
interface with the vehicle's on-board computer. The DLC is usually
located 12 inches from the center of the instrument panel (dash),
under or around the driver‟s side for most vehicles. If Data Link
Connector is not located under dashboard, a label should be there
telling location. For some Asian and European vehicles, the DLC is
located behind the ashtray and the ashtray must be removed to access
the connector. If the DLC cannot be found, refer to the vehicle‟s
service manual for the location.
3
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors
An important part of a vehicle‟s OBD II system is the Readiness
Monitors, which are indicators used to find out if all of the emissions
components have been evaluated by the OBD II system. They are
running periodic tests on specific systems and components to ensure
that they are performing within allowable limits.
Currently, there are eleven OBD II Readiness Monitors (or I/M
Monitors) defined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA). Not all monitors are supported by all vehicles and the exact
number of monitors in any vehicle depends on the motor vehicle
manufacturer‟s emissions control strategy.
Continuous Monitors -- Some of the vehicle components or systems
are continuously tested by the vehicle‟s OBD II system, while others
are tested only under specific vehicle operating conditions. The
continuously monitored components listed below are always ready:
1)Misfire
2)Fuel System
3)Comprehensive Components (CCM)
Once the vehicle is running, the OBD II system is continuously
checking the above components, monitoring key engine sensors,
watching for engine misfire, and monitoring fuel demands.
Non-Continuous Monitors -- Unlike the continuous monitors, many
emissions and engine system components require the vehicle to be
operated under specific conditions before the monitor is ready. These
monitors are termed non-continuous monitors. For different ignition
type engines, the available monitors are different too.
4
The following monitors are to be used for spark ignition engines
only:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
EGR System
O2 Sensors
Catalyst
Evaporative System
O2 Sensor Heater
Secondary air
Heated Catalyst
The following monitors are to be used for compression ignition
engines only:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
EGR System
NMHC Catalyst
NOx aftertreatment
Boost pressure system
Exhaust gas sensor
PM filter
2.5 OBD II Monitor Readiness Status
OBD II systems must indicate whether or not the vehicle‟s PCM‟s
monitor system has completed testing on each component.
Components that have been tested will be reported as “Ready”, or
“Complete”, meaning they have been tested by the OBD II system.
The purpose of recording readiness status is to allow inspectors to
determine if the vehicle‟s OBD II system has tested all the
components and/or systems.
The power-train control module (PCM) sets a monitor to “Ready” or
“Complete” after an appropriate drive cycle has been performed. The
drive cycle that enables a monitor and sets readiness codes to “Ready”
varies for each individual monitor. Once a monitor is set as “Ready”
or “Complete”, it will remain in this state. A number of factors,
including erasing of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) with a scan tool
or a disconnected battery, can result in Readiness Monitors being set
5
to “Not Ready”. Since the three continuous monitors are constantly
evaluating, they will be reported as “Ready” all of the time. If testing
of a particular supported non-continuous monitor has not been
completed, the monitor status will be reported as “Not Complete” or
“Not Ready.”
In order for the OBD monitor system to become ready, the vehicle
should be driven under a variety of normal operating conditions.
These operating conditions may include a mix of highway driving and
stop and go, city type driving, and at least one overnight-off period.
For specific information on getting your vehicle‟s OBD monitor
system ready, please consult your vehicle owner‟s manual.
2.6 OBD II Definitions
Power-train Control Module (PCM) -- OBD II terminology for the
on-board computer that controls engine and drive train.
Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) -- Malfunction Indicator Light
(Service Engine Soon, Check Engine) is a term used for the light on
the instrument panel. It is to alert the driver and/or the repair
technician that there is a problem with one or more of vehicle's
systems and may cause emissions to exceed federal standards. If the
MIL illuminates with a steady light, it indicates that a problem has
been detected and the vehicle should be serviced as soon as possible.
Under certain conditions, the dashboard light will blink or flash. This
indicates a severe problem and flashing is intended to discourage
vehicle operation. The vehicle onboard diagnostic system can not turn
the MIL off until necessary repairs are completed or the condition no
longer exists.
DTC -- Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) that identify which section
of the emission control system has malfunctioned.
Enabling Criteria -- Also termed Enabling Conditions. They are the
vehicle-specific events or conditions that must occur within the
engine before the various monitors will set, or run. Some monitors
require the vehicle to follow a prescribed “drive cycle” routine as part
of the enabling criteria. Drive cycles vary among vehicles and for
each monitor in any particular vehicle.
6
OBD II Drive Cycle -- A specific mode of vehicle operation that
provides conditions required to set all the readiness monitors
applicable to the vehicle to the “ready” condition. The purpose of
completing an OBD II drive cycle is to force the vehicle to run its
onboard diagnostics. Some form of a drive cycle needs to be
performed after DTCs have been erased from the PCM‟s memory or
after the battery has been disconnected. Running through a vehicle‟s
complete drive cycle will “set” the readiness monitors so that future
faults can be detected. Drive cycles vary depending on the vehicle and
the monitor that needs to be reset. For vehicle specific drive cycle,
consult the vehicle‟s Owner‟s Manual.
Freeze Frame Data -- When an emissions related fault occurs, the
OBD II system not only sets a code but also records a snapshot of the
vehicle operating parameters to help in identifying the problem. This
set of values is referred to as Freeze Frame Data and may include
important engine parameters such as engine RPM, vehicle speed, air
flow, engine load, fuel pressure, fuel trim value, engine coolant
temperature, ignition timing advance, or closed loop status.
2.7 OBD II Modes of Operation
Here is a basic introduction to the OBD II communication protocol.
Mode byte: The first byte in the stream is the mode number. There
are 10 modes for diagnostic requests. The first byte in the response
data bytes is this same number plus 64. For example, a mode 1
request would have the first data byte = 1, and the response would
have the first data byte = 65. Here is a brief description of the modes:
Mode $01 – Identifies the Powertrain information and shows
current data available to the scan tool. This data includes: DTC set,
status of on-board tests, and vehicle data such as engine RPM,
temperatures, ignition advance, speed, air flow rates, and closed loop
status for fuel system.
Mode $02 – Displays Freeze Frame data. Same data as in mode 1,
but it was captured and stored when a malfunction occurred and a
DTC was set. Some of the PIDs for mode one are not implemented in
this mode.
7
Mode $03 – Displays the type of powertrain or emission related
DTCs stored by a 5 digit code identifying the faults. There may be
more than one response message if there are more trouble codes than
will fit in the data bytes of the response message, or if there are more
than one ECU computer responding.
Mode $04 – Used to clear DTCs and Freeze Frame data. This
clears all diagnostic trouble codes that may be set including freeze
frame data and readiness monitors.
Mode $05 – Oxygen Sensor Test Results. This mode displays the
oxygen sensor monitor screen and the test results gathered about the
oxygen sensor.
There are ten numbers available for diagnostics:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
$01 Rich-to-Lean O2 sensor threshold voltage.
$02 Lean-to-Rich O2 sensor threshold voltage.
$03 Low sensor voltage threshold for switch time
measurement.
$04 High sensor voltage threshold for switch time
measurement.
$05 Rich-to-Lean switch time in ms.
$06 Lean-to-Rich switch time in ms.
$07 Minimum voltage for test.
$08 Maximum voltage for test.
$09 Time between voltage transitions in ms.
Mode $06 – Non-continuously Monitored Systems test results.
There are typically a minimum value, a maximum value, and a
current value for each non-continuous monitor. This data is optional,
and it is defined b a given vehicle maker if it‟s used.
Mode $07 – Request for DTCs (pending) from Continuously
Monitored Systems after a single driving cycle has been
performed to determine if repair has fixed a problem. This used
by service technicians to verify repair was performed properly and
after clearing diagnostic trouble codes.
8
Mode $08 – This special Control Mode requests control of the
on-board system, test, or component bi-directionally (where
applicable). This mode is manufacturer specific.
Mode $09 – Reports vehicle information. This information
includes vehicle VIN number and calibration information stored in
the vehicle ECUs.
Mode $0A – Request Emission-Related Diagnostic Trouble
Codes with Permanent Status. This mode is required for all
emissions-related DTCs. The presence of permanent DTCs at an
inspection without the MIL illuminated is an indication that a proper
repair was not verified by the on-board monitoring system.
9
3. Using the Scan Tool
3.1 Tool Description
1)
2)
3)
OBD II CONNECTOR – Connects the scan tool to the
vehicle‟s Data Link Connector (DLC).
LCD DISPLAY – Indicates test results.
GREEN LED – Indicates that engine systems are running
normally (The number of monitors on the vehicle which are
active and performing their diagnostic testing is in the allowed
limit, and no DTCs are present).
10
4)
YELLOW LED – Indicates there is a possible problem. A
“Pending” DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle‟s emission
monitors have not run their diagnostic testing.
5)
RED LED – Indicates there is a problem in one or more of
the vehicle‟s systems. The red LED is also used to show that
DTCs are present. DTCs are shown on the Scan Tool‟s display.
In this case, the MIL lamp on the vehicle‟s instrument panel
will light steady on.
6)
One-Click I/M Readiness Key – Quick-checks State
Emissions readiness and drive cycle verification.
7)
ESC BUTTON – Cancels a selection (or action) from a
menu or returns to the previous screen.
8)
LEFT SCROLL BUTTON – When look up DTC
definitions, moves to previous character and views additional
information on previous screens if DTC definition covers more
than one screen; deselect all marked PID data when viewing or
recording customized live data list; views previous frames of
recorded data when playing back live data. It is also used to
update DTC library when pressed.
9)
POWER BUTTON – Press and hold for 2 seconds to turn
the scan tool on and off. Press and then release to view ? help
information.
10)
UP SCROLL BUTTON – Moves up through menu and
submenu items in menu mode. When more than one screen of
data is retrieved, moves up through the current screen to the
previous screens for additional data.
11)
OK BUTTON – Confirms a selection (or action) from a
menu.
12)
RIGHT SCROLL BUTTON – When look up DTC
definitions, moves to next character and view additional
information on next screens if DTC definition covers more than
one screen; selects/deselects PID data when viewing or
11
recording customized live data list, and views next frames of
data when playing back live data.
DOWN SCROLL BUTTON – Moves down through
menu and submenu items in menu mode. When more than one
screen of data is retrieved, moves down through the current
screen to next screens for additional data.
14) VΩ TERMINAL – Assists voltage and/or resistance test as a
lead.
13)
15) COM TERMINAL – Assists test as a ground lead.
16) mA TERMINAL – Assists current (0~200mA) test as a lead.
17) A TERMINAL – Assists current (0~20A) test as a lead.
18) USB CONNECTOR – Connects the scan tool to the PC for
printing and upgrading.
19) EXTERNAL DC POWER PORT – Connects the 5 volt power
adapter to power the tool when disconnected from the vehicle or
charge the battery.
20) STAND – Flips out for supporting the scan tool.
3.2 Specifications
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Display: TFT color display (320 x 240 dpi)
Operating Temperature: 0 to 60°C (32 to 140 F°)
Storage Temperature: -20 to 70°C (-4 to 158 F°)
Dimensions:
Length
Width
Height
175 mm (6.91”)
96.6 mm (3.80”)
37 mm (1.46”)
Weight: 0.3kg(without wire) 0.68kg(with wire)
3.3 Accessories Included
1)
User’s Manual -- Instructions on tool operations.
12
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
CD -- Includes user‟s manual, MaxiLink update software, and
etc.
OBD2 cable -- Provides power to tool and communicates
between tool and vehicle.
USB cable -- Used to upgrade the scan tool, and to print
retrieved data.
3.7V Li-ion battery -- Provides power when disconnected with
vehicle.
Probes -- Contacts the circuit or component to be tested.
AutoLink  AL539 Only:
7)
Protective Nylon Case – Contains the main unit and cables
while not in use.
AutoLink  AL539B Only:
8)
9)
Battery test cable -- Used to contact the terminals of vehicle
battery.
Carry case -- A nylon case to store the scan tool when not in use.
3.4 Navigation Characters
Characters used to help navigate the scan tool are:
1) ―$‖ -- Identifies the control module number from which data is
retrieved. Indicates the Test ID in On-Board Mon. Test.
2) ―G‖ -- Indicates graphic viewing is available.
3.5 Keyboard
No solvents such as alcohol are allowed to clean the keypad or display.
Use a mild nonabrasive detergent and a soft cotton cloth. Do not soak
the keypad as the keypad is not waterproof.
3.6 Power and charge
Power on
13
Before using the scan tool, you must provide power to it. There are
five methods for providing power to the scan tool.

Cable connection to vehicle.

AC/DC external power adapter.

Li-ion battery.

USB port.

Battery test cable.
During vehicle testing, power for the scan tool is usually provided
through the vehicle cable connection. The detailed instructions show
as below:
1) Connect the OBD II Cable to scan tool.
2) Find DLC on vehicle.

A plastic DLC cover may be found for some vehicles and you
need to remove it before plugging the OBD2 cable.
3)
Plug OBD II cable to the vehicle‟s DLC.
When the scan tool is not connected to a vehicle, it can be powered
in the other three ways.
Auto power-off
Solely powered up by Li-ion battery, the tool will automatically turn
off after 15 minutes of inactivity.
Li-ion battery charging
You can charge your Li-ion battery by connecting it to an external
power adapter, by connecting it to the vehicle‟s DLC or by
connecting it to a USB port on your computer. The tool displays a
battery icon in the upper-right corner of the screen to show
approximately how much charge is left. (Note: This battery icon only
appears when you are choosing the "Circuit test" function, “BAT
test” or "Start test" function.)

Using a Power Adapter
If you're using an external power adapter, connect the tool to the
adapter. Then plug the adapter into a working electrical socket.
14

Using your computer
If you want to charge the tool using your computer, make sure
that your computer is turned on, it isn't sleeping (refer to the
computer's manual to find out how to turn sleep off), and that the
USB you connect the tool to provides power. Also, make sure to
use the high-powered USB ports which are typically found on the
computer itself ----- not on your keyboard, which is low-powered.
NOTE: If using a portable computer, make sure it is plugged into
power and that the lid or display is open because if the lid is
closed the computer may go into either standby, sleep, or
hibernation mode and the tool will not charge.

Using vehicle DLC
If you want to charge the tool with vehicle DLC, the detailed
instructions are described as above (refer to the Power on
instructions).

Using vehicle battery
If you want to charge the tool with vehicle battery, use the battery
test cable to connect the tool to the battery.
Once connected, the Li-ion battery will be fully charged in about 2.5
hours. You can disconnect and use the tool before the battery is fully
charged. You don't have to wait until the battery is completely empty
before charging it again.
The battery stops charging when it's full, so you don't have to worry
if you leave it plugged in overnight (leaving the tool connected to an
electrical source all the time doesn't continuously charge it). Once
the battery is charged, disconnect the tool. If you're using your
computer to charge it, make sure that you disconnect your tool
correctly when it's finished charging.
15
3.7 DTC Lookup
The DTC Lookup function is used to search for definitions of DTCs
stored in the DTC library and for code breaker information.
1) From Main Screen (Figure 3.1), use the UP/DOWN scroll button
and LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to select DTC Lookup and
press the OK button.
Figure 3.1
2) From DTC Lookup screen, use the LEFT/RIGHT button to
move to the desired character, use the UP/DOWN button to
change selected digit/character and press the OK button to
confirm. (Figure 3.2)
DTC Lookup
P0001
OK
ESC
Left
Right
Change digit
Confirm
Exit
[ ][ ]- Change Digit
[ENTER]- Figure
Confirm3.2
[ESC]- Exit
3) View the DTC definition on screen. When DTC definition covers
more than one screen, use the LEFT/RIGHT button or
UP/DOWN button to view additional information on
previous/next screens.
16



For manufacturer specific codes, you need to select a vehicle
make on an additional screen to look for DTC definitions.
If definition could not be found (SAE or Manufacturer
Specific), the scan tool displays “Please refer to vehicle
service manual!”
For code breaker information, you need to press the “?” Help
button.
In the Code Breaker screen, there are three options to assist user to
understand DTC more: System Description and Quick Check to
read detailed description of DTCs, General Notes to view helpful
repair information of DTCs.
4) To view previous or next DTC in the built-in DTC library, use the
LEFT/RIGHT button.
5) To enter another DTC, press the ESC button to return to previous
screen.
6) To exit to Main Screen, press the ESC button.
3.8 System Setup
The scan tool allows you to make the following adjustments and
settings:
1) Language: Selects the desired language.
2) Configure Monitors: Sets the monitors you want to test.
3) Unit of measure: Sets the unit of measure to English or Metric.
4) Key Beep Set: Turns on/off beep.
5) Status Beep Set: Turns on/off the I/M Readiness Status beep.
6) Tool Self-test: Checks if the LCD display, LED lamps and
keyboard are working normally.
7) Tool Information: Views the important information of the tool.
8) Update Mode: Accesses the Update Mode.

Settings of the unit will remain until change to the existing
settings is made.
17
To enter the Setup menu
From the Main Screen: Use the UP/DOWN scroll button and
LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to select Setup, and press the OK button.
Follow the instructions to make adjustments and settings as described
in the above setup options. (Figure 3.3)
System Setup
Language
Configure Monitors
Unit of Measure
Key Beep Set
Status Beep Set
Tool Self-test
Tool Information
1/8
?
Figure 3.3
Language Setup
 English is the default language.
1)
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Language, and press the OK button.
2)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select the desired language
and press the OK button to save your selection and return to
previous screen. We provide three language options currently.
(Figure 3.4)
 English
 Español
 Français
?
Figure 3.4
18
Configure Monitors
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select
Configure Monitors, and press the OK button. (Figure 3.5)
Configure Monitors
1/4
Spark IGN Required Monitors
Compression IGN Required Monitors
Allowed INC Monitors
?
Reset Factory Default
Figure 3.5
In this menu, you could configure the monitors required to test spark
ignition and compression ignition, the number of monitors to pass
diagnosis, and restore the default settings.
1)
Spark IGN Required Monitors
From Configure Monitors screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Spark IGN Required Monitors, and press the OK button.
The monitors for spark ignition engines list as below:
Spark IGN Required Monitors
√
√
√
√
√
2)
√
√
√
√
√
MIS
FUEL
CCM
CAT
HCAT
Compression IGN Required Monitors
19
EVAP
AIR
O2S
HTR
EGR
From Configure Monitors screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Compression IGN Required Monitors, and press the OK
button.
The monitors for compression ignition engines list as below:
Compression IGN Required Monitors
√
√
√
√
√
3)
√
√
√
√
MIS
FUEL
CCM
HCCAT
NCAT
BP
EGS
PM
EGR
Allowed INC Monitors
From Configure Monitors screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Allowed INC Monitors, and press the OK button.
Emissions tests vary depending on the geographic or regional area in
which the vehicle is registered. So the scan tool provides a more
flexible way to meet different standards, which allows the user to
select 0, 1, 2, 3 „not complete‟ monitors in test.
4)
Reset Factory Default
From Configure Monitors screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Reset Factory Default, and press the OK button.
It will restore the default configuration settings in the Configure
Monitors menu, and delete any customized settings. In this case,
Spark IGN Required Monitors and Compression IGN Required
Monitors will include all the available monitors, and the Allowed
INC Monitors will be set to 1.
The tool will display an information message to ask for your
confirmation. Select Yes to proceed and No to exit without change.
20
Unit of Measure
 Metric is the default measurement unit.
1)
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Unit of Measure and press the OK button.
2)
From Unit of Measure screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button
to select the desired unit of measurement. (Figure 3.6 )
Unit of Measure
1/2
 English
 Metric
?
Figure 3.6
3)
Press the OK button to save your selection and return to previous
menu.
Key Beep Set
This function allows you to turn on/off the build-in speaker for key
pressing.
 The default setting is Beep On.
1)
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Key Beep Set and press the OK button.
2)
From Key Beep Set menu, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Beep ON or Beep OFF to turn on/off the beep.
21
Key Beep Set
1/2
 Beep ON
 Beep OFF
?
Figure 3.7
3)
Press the OK button to save your selection and return to
previous menu.
Status Beep Set
 The default setting is Beep On.
This function allows you to turn on/off the build-in speaker for the
LEDs in diagnostic testing. Different audio tone corresponds to
different LED lamp. This function is invaluable when performing
diagnostics alone, or working in bright areas where LED illumination
alone is not sufficient.
1)
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Status Beep Set and press the OK button.
2)
From Status Beep Set menu, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Beep ON or Beep OFF to turn on/off the beep. (Figure
3.8)
Status Beep Set
1/2
 Beep ON
 Beep OFF
?
Figure 3.8
22
3)
Press the OK button to save your selection and return to previous
menu.
Tool Self-test
The Tool Self-test function checks if the display, LED lamps and
keyboard are working properly.
A. Display test
The Display Test function checks if the LCD display is working
normally.
1) From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Tool Self-test, and press the OK button.
2)
Select Display Test from Tool Self-test menu and press the OK
button to start test. (Figure 3.9 )
Tool Self-test
Display Test
Keyboard Test
LED Test
1/3
?
Figure 3.9
3)
4)
B.
Look for missing spots in the red, green, blue, black and white
LCD display.
When completed, press the ESC button to exit.
Keyboard Test
The Keyboard Test function verifies if the keys are functioning
properly.
1)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Keyboard Test from
the Tool Self-test menu, and then press the OK button.
23
2)
Press any key to start test. When you press a key, the key name
should be observed on the display. If the key name does not
show up, then the key is not functioning properly. (Figure 3.10)
Keyboard Test
Press any key to
start test
key:
Double [ESC] to return
Figure 3.10
3)
C.
Double press ESC to return to previous menu.
LED Test
The LED Test function verifies if the I/M Readiness LED indicator
lamps are functioning properly.
1)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select LED Test from the
Tool Self-test menu, and then press the OK button.
2)
In the LED Test menu, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select one or more LED lamps to check. The LED should turn
on or off according to the selected commands. (Figure 3.11)
LED Test
1/3
RED LED ON
YELLOW LED ON
GREEN LED ON
Figure 3.11
3)
When completed, press the ESC button to exit
24
Tool Information
The Tool Information function allows viewing of some important
information such as serial number and software version number of
the scanner.
1)
From System Setup screen, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Tool Information, and press the OK button; wait for the
Tool Information screen to appear.
2)
View tool information on screen. (Figure 3.12)
.
Figure 3.12
Update Mode
This function allows you to update the scan tool software and DTC
library through a computer.

To update your scan tool, you need the following items.
AutoLink AL539/AL539b
A PC or laptop with USB ports
A USB cable
1)
Download the programs in our website, www. auteltech.com, to
be updated to your computer.
2)
Run the Maxi Link II Tool Kit in your computer. (Figure 3.13)
25
3)
Connect the scan tool to your computer through the USB cable
provided.
4)
From System Setup screen in scan tool, use the UP/DOWN
scroll button to select Update Mode, and press the OK button.
5)
Select the programs to be updated in your computer. There are
two types of programs: operating system and DTC library.
(Figure 3.13)
6)
Click Update in the MaxiLink Tool Kit window to begin
updating.
Figure 3.13
7)
During the update procedure, the scan tool displays a message
“Update Program. Please wait…”.
8)
When the update has finished, the scan tool will display a
message “Program Update has been done!”
9)
Restart the scan tool to finish the whole update.
NOTE: When you made a wrong choice and the scan tool is unable
to work properly, you may need to update the programs. To hold
LEFT scroll button and power on the scan tool, you will enter the
Update Mode forcedly. Then follow the update procedure to refresh
the program.
26
3.9 Vehicle Coverage
The AutoLink AL539/AL539b OBDII/EOBD Scanner is specially
designed to work with all OBD II compliant vehicles, including those
equipped with universal protocol -- Control Area Network (CAN). It
is required by EPA that all 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light
trucks) sold in the United States must be OBD II compliant and this
includes all Domestic, Asian and European vehicles.
A small number of 1994 and 1995 model year gasoline vehicles are
OBD II compliant. To verify if a 1994 or 1995 vehicle is OBD II
compliant, check the Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI)
Label which is located under the hood or by the radiator of most
vehicles. If the vehicle is OBD II compliant, the label will designate
“OBD II Certified”. Additionally, Government regulations mandate
that all OBD II compliant vehicles must have a “common”
sixteen-pin Data Link Connector (DLC).
For your vehicle to be OBD II compliant it must have a 16-pin DLC
(Data Link Connector) under the dash and the Vehicle Emission
Control Information Label must state that the vehicle is OBD II
compliant.
3.10 Product Troubleshooting
This part describes problems that you may encounter while using the
scan tool.
Vehicle Linking Error
A communication error occurs if the scan tool fails to communicate
with the vehicle‟s ECU (Engine Control Unit). You need to do the
following to check up:
 Verify that the ignition is ON.
 Check if the scan tool‟s connector is securely
connected to the vehicle‟s DLC.
 Verify that the vehicle is OBD2 compliant.
 Turn the ignition off and wait for about 10 seconds. Turn the
ignition back to on and continue the testing.
27
 Verify the control module is not defective.
Operating Error
If the scan tool freezes, then an exception occurs or the vehicle‟s
ECU (Engine Control Unit) is too slow to respond to requests. You
need to do the following to reset the tool:
 Reset the scan tool.
 Turn the ignition off and wait for about 10 seconds. Turn the
ignition back to on and continue the testing.
Scan tool doesn’t power up
If the scan tool won‟t power up or operates incorrectly in any other
way, you need to do the following to check up:
 Check if the scan tool‟s connector is securely connected to the
vehicle‟s DLC;
 Check if the DLC pins are bent or broken. Clean the DLC pins if
necessary.
 Check vehicle battery to make sure it is still good with at least 8.0
volts.
LED lamps not working
If you turn on the scan tool and perform the I/M Readiness test but
the LED lamps are not working, there may be several possible causes,
including bad connection and ignition off. In this case, follow these
steps to check the scan tool.

Make sure the cable is connected to the DLC securely.

Verify the ignition key is in the KOER position.

Run the LED Test in the System Setup menu. (see 3.8 System
Setup). If the scan tool did not pass this test, there is a problem
with the LED lamp. Please contact Autel Tech Support or your
local selling agent.
28
4. Review Data
The Review Data function allows viewing of data from last test
recorded by the scan tool.
1)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button and LEFT/RIGHT scroll
button to select Review Data from Main Screen, and press the
OK button. (Figure 3.1)
2)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select the desired item from
Review Data menu, and press the OK button. (Figure 4.1 )
Review Data
1/6
Live Data
Pending Codes
View Freeze Frame
I/M Readiness
On-Board Mon. Test
Modules Present
?
Figure 4.1
3)

If no data from previously tested vehicle is recorded, the scan
tool displays a message, “No data available!”.

Diagnostics results can be reviewed from this list only when
any trouble code is detected in previous tests.
Review selected data on screen. (Figure 4.2 )
1/1
C1201
Engine Control
System Malfunction
Figure 4.2
NOTE: If there is no data stored for selected item, a “Not Supported
or Stored No Data!” message shows on the screen.
29
5. OBDII Diagnostics
When more than one vehicle control module is detected by the
scan tool, you will be prompted to select the module where the
data may be retrieved. The most often to be selected are the
Power train Control Module [PCM] and Transmission Control
Module [TCM].
CAUTION: Don’t connect or disconnect any test equipment with
ignition on or engine running.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Turn the ignition off.
Locate the vehicle‟s 16-pin Data Link Connector (DLC).
Plug the scan tool cable connector into the vehicle‟s DLC.
Turn the ignition on. Engine can be off or running.
Turn on the scan tool. Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select
OBDII/EOBD from the Main Screen (Figure 3.1).
6) Press the OK button to wait for the Menu to appear. A sequence
of messages displaying the OBDII protocols will be observed on
the display until the vehicle protocol is detected.






If the scan tool fails to communicate with the vehicle’s
ECU (Engine Control Unit) more than three times, a
“LINKING ERROR!” message shows up on the display.
Verify that the ignition is ON;
Check if the scan tool‟s OBD II connector is securely
connected to the vehicle‟s DLC;
Verify that the vehicle is OBD2 compliant;
Turn the ignition off and wait for about 10 seconds. Turn the
ignition back to on and repeat the procedure from step 5.
If the “LINKING ERROR” message does not go away,
then there might be problems for the scan tool to
communicate with the vehicle. Contact your local
distributor or the manufacturer’s customer service
department for assistance.
7) You will be prompted to erase previously stored data. (Figure
5.1)
30

Review previously stored data thoroughly before erasing.
Diagnostic
Erase previously
stored data to save
data from this test?
YES
NO
Figure 5.1

If no data is stored in the scan tool, above prompt will not
show up.
8) If you wish to erase the data, press the OK button; if you do not
want to erase the data, press ESC to exit or use LEFT/RIGHT
button to select NO and press OK to continue.
9) View a summary of system status (MIL status, DTC counts,
Monitor status) on screen. (Figure 5.2 ) Wait a few seconds or
press any key for Diagnostic Menu (Figure 5.4) to come up.
System Status
MIL Status
ON
Codes Found
6
Ignition Type
Spark
Monitors N/A
3
Monitors OK
3
Monitors INC
5
Figure 5.2

If more than one module is detected, you will be prompted to
select a module before testing.
31
Control Module
1/2
Engine
Module $A4
Figure 5.3

Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select a module and press
the OK button.
5.1 Reading Codes
 Reading Codes can be done with the key on engine off (KOEO)
or with the key on engine running (KOER).
 Stored Codes are also known as “hard codes”, which are fault
codes, or trouble codes that have been stored in the vehicle
computer memory because the faults have reoccurred for more
than a specified amount of key-cycles. These codes will cause
the control module to illuminate the malfunction indicator light
(MIL) when emission-related fault occurs.
 Pending Codes are also referred to as “maturing codes” or
“continuous monitor codes”. They indicate problems that the
control module has detected during the current or last driving
cycle but are not considered serious yet. Pending Codes will not
turn on the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL). If the fault does
not occur within a certain number of warm-up cycles, the code
clears from memory.
 Permanent Codes are DTCs that are "confirmed" and are
retained in the non-volatile memory of the computer until the
appropriate monitor for each DTC has determined that the
malfunction is no longer present and is not commanding the
MIL on. Permanent DTC shall be stored in non-volatile
memory and may not be erased by any diagnostic services or by
disconnecting power to ECU.
32
1) Use UP/DOWN scroll button to select Read Codes from
Diagnostic Menu and press OK button.
Diagnostic Menu
1/11
Read Codes
Erase Codes
Live Data
View Freeze Frame
I/M Readiness
O2 Monitor Test
?
Figure 5.4
2) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Stored Codes or
Pending Codes from the Read Codes menu and press the OK
button.
Read
Codes
1/3
Stored Codes
Pending Codes
Permanent Codes
?
Figure 5.5

If there is not any Diagnostic Trouble Code, the display
indicates “No (pending) codes are stored in the module!”
Wait a few seconds or press any key to return to previous
screen.
NOTE: Permanent Codes function is available for merely
vehicles supporting the CAN protocols.
3)
View DTCs and their definitions on screen.
33
1/1
P1633
$10
BUICK
Ignition 0 Switch Circuit
Figure 5.6
4)
If more than one DTC is found, use the LEFT/RIGHT scroll
button to check all the codes.

If retrieved DTCs contain any manufacturer specific or
enhanced codes, a “Manufacturer specific codes are found!
Press any key to select vehicle make!” message comes up
prompting you to select vehicle manufacturer to view DTC
definitions. Use UP/DOWN scroll button to select
manufacturer and then press OK button to confirm.
Vehicle Manufacturer 1/28
BUICK
BMW
CADILLAC
CHEVROLET
CHRYSLER
FORD
?
Figure 5.7

If the manufacturer of your vehicle is not listed, use the
UP/DOWN scroll button to select Other and press the OK
button.
5.2 Erasing Codes
CAUTION: Erasing the Diagnostic Trouble Codes may allow the
scan tool to delete not only the codes from the vehicle’s on-board
computer, but also “Freeze Frame” data and manufacturer specific
34
enhanced data. Further, the I/M Readiness Monitor Status for all
vehicle monitors is reset to Not Ready or Not Complete status. Do
not erase the codes before the system has been checked completely
by a technician.
NOTE: Erasing codes does not mean that trouble codes in ECU
have been eliminated completely. As long as there is fault with the
vehicle, the trouble codes keeps on presenting.
 This function is performed with key on engine off (KOEO). Do
not start the engine.
1) Use the UP/DOWN scroll buttons to select Erase Codes from
Diagnostics Menu and press the OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2) A warning message comes up asking for your confirmation.
Erase Codes
Erase trouble codes!
Are you sure?
YES
NO
Figure 5.8

If you do not want to proceed with erasing codes, press ESC
button or use LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to select NO to
exit. A message of ―Command Cancelled!‖ show ups. Wait
a few seconds or press any key to return to Diagnostic
Menu.
3) Press the OK button to confirm.

If the codes are cleared successfully, an “Erase Done!”
confirmation message shows on the display.
35
Erase Codes
Erase Done!
Press any key to con.
Figure 5.9

If the codes are not cleared, then an “Erase Failure. Turn
Key on with Engine off!‖ message appears.
Erase Codes
Erase Failure.
Turn Key on with
Engine Off!
Press any key to con.
Figure 5.10
4) Press any button to return to Diagnostic Menu.
5.3 Live Data
In this function, you can not only read the live data but also record
data for later review.
Viewing Data
The View Data function allows viewing of live or real time PID
data of vehicle’s computer module(s).
1) To view live data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Live
Data from Diagnostic Menu and press the OK button. (Figure
5.4)
36
2) Wait a few seconds while the scan tool validates the PID MAP.
(Figure 5.11)
Live Data
Reading PID.01
- Please Wait -
Figure 5.11
3) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select View Data from Live
Data menu and press the OK button.
……………… .Live Data
View Data
Record Data
Playback Data
1/3.
?
Figure 5.12
Viewing Complete Data Set
1)
To view complete set of data, use UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Complete Data Set from View Data menu and press the
OK button.
37
…………………View Data
1/3.
Complete Data Set
Custom Data Set
Unit of Measure
?
Figure 5.13
2)
View live PIDs on the screen. Use the UP/DOWN scroll button
for more PIDs if additional information is available on more than
one page.
Live Data
DTC_CNT
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT (%)
ETC(℃)
SHRTFT1 (%)
6
0
0L
-- ?
0.0
-40
99.2
Figure 5.14


The number “x” to the right of the screen indicates sequence
of the highlighted item.
If the “G” icon appears when a PID is highlighted, graphic
information is available. Press OK to view graph.
Figure 5.15
38
3)
Press the ESC button to return to previous menu.
Viewing Custom Data Set
1)
To view customized PID data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button
to select Custom Data Set from View Data menu and press the
OK button. (Figure 5.13)
2)
Observe on-screen instructions.
……………Custom Data Set……… …..
[ ] – Select/Deselect
[ ] – Deselect all
[OK] – Confirm
[ESC] – Cancel
Press any key to continue.
Figure 5.16
3)
Use the RIGHT button to deselect/select data parameters, and
use the UP/DOWN scroll button to move up and down. Selected
parameters are marked with solid squares.
…………..Custom Data Set






DTC_CNT
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT
ECT
SHRTFT1
4/26
#01
?
Figure 5.17

The number “x” to the upper right corner of the screen
indicates sequence of highlighted item; and “#x” are the order
that the parameters are selected and will be displayed.
39

If you want to deselect all marked items or select all items,
press the LEFT button. A message comes up to ask for your
confirmation.
………………Deselect All………………….
Deselect all
selected PID’s?
YES
NO
Figure 5.18

4)
If you decide to deselect these items, press OK; if you decide
not to, press ESC or use the LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to
select NO to continue PID selections.
Press the OK button to view selected PIDs on screen.
………………….Live Data
DTC_CNT
FUELSYS2
ETC(℃)
SHRTFT1 (%)
4.
0
0L
-40
99.2
Figure 5.19
5)
Use the ESC button to return to previous menu.
Recording Data
The Record Data function allows recording vehicle modules’
Parameter Identification (PID) data to help diagnose
intermittent vehicle problems. A recording includes 5 frames of
live data before trigger event and several frames after trigger
event.
40
There are two trigger modes used to record data:
A. Manual Trigger - allows user to press the OK button to start
recording.
B. DTC Trigger - automatically records PID data when a fault that
causes a DTC to set is detected by vehicle.
CAUTION: DO NOT try to drive and operate the scan tool at the
same time! Always have another person operate the scan tool
while driving.
To record live data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select
Record Data from Live Data menu and press the OK button. (Figure
5.12)
Recording Complete Data Set
1)
To record complete set of live data, use the UP/DOWN scroll
button to select Complete Data Set from Record Data menu
and press the OK button.
………………..Record Data
Complete Data Set
Custom Data Set
Unit of Measure
1/3..
?
Figure 5.20
2)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select a trigger mode and
press the OK button.
41
…….……Pick Trigger Mode
1/2
Manual Trigger
DTC Trigger
?
Figure 5.21

3)
If data from previously tested vehicle is not erased, data from
current test will be stored in a temporary cache.
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select a memory location
and press the OK button.
…………….Select Memory
Location #1
Location #2
Location #3
1/3..
*
?
Figure 5.22


The asterisk (*) icon on the screen indicates that there is a
previous recording in the memory location.
If you select a location marked with an asterisk (*) icon, a
message prompting to overwrite old recording displays.
Select Memory
A previous recording
exists! Do you want
to overwrite it?
YES
NO
Figure 5.23
42
...

4)
If you wish to proceed with overwriting the old recording,
press the OK button; if you do not wish to overwrite it, use
the LEFT/RIGHT button to select NO or press the ESC
button to pick another memory location.
Observe on-screen instructions.

If Manual Trigger is selected, following screen shows:
……………Manual Trigger……………...
Ready to record!
Press [ENTER] to
start recording…
Press [ESC] to exit
Figure 5.24

If DTC Trigger is selected, following screen shows:
………………….DTC Trigger……………..
Waiting for DTC to
trigger recording…
Press [ESC] to exit
Figure 5.25
5)
Wait for DTC to trigger recording or press OK to start recording.
(Figure 5.26)
 Drive till a DTC is detected when DTC Trigger is selected. If no
DTCs are detected, press ESC to exit recording.
43
…….Recording…. 5/46 …..
DTC_CNT
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT(%)
ETC(℃)
SHRTFT1(%)
0
0L
-- ?
0.0
-40
99.2
Figure 5.26

6)
The number “x/x...” to the upper right corner of the screen
indicates the maximum frames that can be recorded and the
number of recorded frames.
The scan tool keeps recording PID data until user presses the
ESC button, selected memory location is full, or it completes
recording. A message prompting to playback data shows on the
screen.
Record Data
Recording Done!
Playback data?
YES
NO
Figure 5.27

If you wish to playback recorded data, press the OK button; if
you do not wish to playback, press the ESC button, or use
LEFT/RIGHT button to select NO and press the OK button
to return to Record Data menu.
Recording Custom Data Set
1)
To record customized data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Custom Data Set from Record Data menu and press the
OK button. (Figure 5.20)
44
2)
Observe on-screen instructions. (Figure 5.16). Press the OK
button to continue; press the ESC button, or use LEFT/RIGHT
button to select NO and press the OK button to return to Record
Data menu.
3)
Use the RIGHT button select/deselect data parameters. Selected
parameters are marked with solid squares. Press the OK button
to confirm. (Figure 5.17)
4)


If you wish to deselect all marked items, press LEFT button.
A message comes up to ask for your confirmation.( Figure
5.18)

If you decide to deselect these items, press OK; if you decide
not to, press the ESC button, or use the UP/DOWN button to
select NO and press OK to continue PID selections.
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select a trigger mode and
press the OK button.( Figure 5.21)

5)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select a memory location
and press the OK button.( Figure 5.22)



6)
If data from previously tested vehicle is not erased, data from
current test will be stored in temporary cache.
The asterisk (*) icon on the screen indicates that there is a
previous recording in the memory location.
If you select a location marked with an asterisk (*) icon, a
message prompting to overwrite old recording is
displayed.( Figure 5.23)
If you do wish to proceed with overwriting old recording,
press the OK button; if you do not wish to overwrite it, press
the ESC button, or use the LEFT/RIGHT button to select
NO and press OK to pick another memory location.
Observe on-screen instructions.
45

If Manual Trigger is selected, following screen shows:
(Figure 5.24)

If DTC Trigger is selected, following screen shows: (Figure
5.25)
7)
Wait for DTC to trigger recording or press OK to start recording.
(Figure 5.26)
8)
The scan tool keep recording PID data until user presses ESC
button, the selected memory location is full, or it completes
recording. A message prompting to playback data shows on the
screen. (Figure 5.27)

If you wish to playback recorded data, press the OK button; if
you do not wish to playback, press the ECS button, or use the
LEFT/RIGHT button to select NO and press the OK button
to return to Record Data menu.
Playback Data
The Playback Data function allows viewing of previously stored
PID data.
1)
To playback recorded data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Playback Data from Live Data menu and press the OK
button. (Figure 5.12)

2)
You are also allowed to playback recorded data immediately
after recording.
Use the UP/DOWN button to select the memory location
marked with an asterisk (*) icon.
46
Select Memory
Location #1
Location #2
Location #3
3/3
*
*
?
Figure 5.28

3)
If there is no recording in selected location, a message “Not
Supported or Stored No Data” displays on the screen.
Use the UP/DOWN button to view recorded PIDs of each frame.
1 of 135 frame
DTC_CNT
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT (%)
ETC(℃)
SHRTFT1(%)
…
6
0
OL
N/A ?
0.0
-40
99.2
Figure 5.29
4)
Use the LEFT/RIGHT button to view PIDs of next or previous
frames.
6 of 135 frame
DTC_CNT
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT(%)
ETC(℃)
SHRTFT1(%)
Figure 5.30
5.4 Viewing Freeze Frame Data
47
0
OL
N/A
0.0
-40
99.2
4
?
Freeze Frame Data allows the technician to view the vehicle‟s
operating parameters at the moment a DTC (Diagnostic Trouble
Code) is detected. For example, the parameters may include engine
speed (RPM), engine coolant temperature (ECT), or vehicle speed
sensor (VSS) etc. This information will aid the technician by
allowing the parameters to be duplicated for diagnostic and repair
purposes.
1)
To view freeze frame data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select View Freeze Frame from Diagnostic Menu and press the
OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2)
Wait a few seconds while the scan tool validates the PID MAP.
3)
If retrieved information covers more than one screen, use the
DOWN scroll button, as necessary, until all the data have been
shown up.
…………View Freeze Frame
DTCFRZF
FUELSYS1
FUELSYS2
LOAD_PCT (%)
ECT(℃)
SHRTFT1 (%)
P1633
OL
-0.0
-40
99.2
2.
?
Figure 5.31

4)
If there is no freeze frame data available, an advisory message
“No freeze frame data stored!” shows on the display.
If you want to view full name of a PID, use the UP/DOWN
scroll button to select the PID, and press the ? HELP button.
48
……………… ..FUELSYS1………
…….
Fuel System 1 Status
Figure 5.32
5)
Press ESC button to return to previous screen.
5.5 Retrieving I/M Readiness Status
I/M Readiness function is used to check the operations of the
Emission System on OBD2 compliant vehicles. It is an excellent
function to use prior to having a vehicle inspected for
compliance to a state emissions program.
CAUTION - by clearing trouble codes you also clear the readiness
status for the individual emission system readiness tests. In order
to reset these monitors, the vehicle must be driven through a
complete drive cycle with no trouble codes in memory. Times for
reset vary depending on vehicle.
Some latest vehicle models may support two types of I/M
Readiness tests:
A.
B.
Since DTCs Cleared - indicates status of the monitors since the
DTCs are erased.
This Drive Cycle - indicates status of monitors since the
beginning of the current drive cycle.
An I/M Readiness Status result of ―NO‖ does not necessarily
indicate that the vehicle being tested will fail the state I/M
inspection. For some states, one or more such monitors may be
allowed to be ―Not Ready‖ to pass the emissions inspection.
 ―OK‖ -- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked has
completed its diagnostic testing.
49
 ―INC‖ -- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked has
not completed its diagnostic testing.
 ―N/A‖ -- The monitor is not supported on that vehicle.
There are two ways to retrieve I/M readiness status.
A. Retrieve I/M Readiness status with One-Click I/M
Readiness Key
By simply pressing the One-Click I/M Readiness Key, you can
retrieve the I/M readiness status. The screen will show as below.
(Figure 5.33) According to different readiness status, the color LEDs
will illuminate and different audio tones will be heard.
Figure 5.33
“OK”
-- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked
has completed its diagnostic testing.
“INC” -- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked
has not completed its diagnostic testing.
“N/A”
-- The monitor is not supported on the vehicle.
The green, yellow and red LEDs provide a quick way to help you
determine if a vehicle is ready for an Emission Test.
The LED and audio tone indications are interpreted as below:
50
LED Interpretation
1)
GREEN LED – Indicates that engine systems are “OK” and
operating normally (the number of Monitors supported by the
vehicle which have run and performed their self-diagnostic
testing is in the allowed limit. MIL is off. ).There are no stored
and pending DTCs. The vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test,
and there is a good possibility that it can be certified.
2)
YELLOW LED – With MIL off, there may be three possible
conditions to cause the yellow LED to light.

If a “Stored” Diagnostic Trouble Code is causing the
Yellow LED to light, it is still possible that the vehicle will
be allowed to be tested for emissions and certified.

If a “Pending” Diagnostic Trouble Code is causing the
Yellow LED to light, it is still possible that the vehicle will
be allowed to be tested for emissions and certified.

If the illumination of the Yellow LED is being caused by
monitors that have not completed their diagnostic testing,
then the issue of the vehicle being ready for an Emissions
Test depends on the emissions regulations and laws of your
local area.
NOTE: From the code retrieval procedure, determine the status of
each Monitor. Take this information to an emissions professional to
determine (based on your test results) if your vehicle is ready for an
Emissions Test.
3)
RED LED – Indicates there is a problem with one or more of
the vehicle‟s system. A vehicle displaying a red LED is
definitely not ready for an Emissions Test. The red LED is also
an indication that there are DTCs present. The MIL lamp on the
vehicle‟s instrument panel will light steady. The problem that is
causing the red LED to light must be repaired before an
51
Emissions Test can be performed. It is also suggested that the
vehicle be inspected/repaired before driving the vehicle further.
If the RED LED was obtained, there is a definite problem
present in the system(s). In these cases, you have the following
options:

Repair the vehicle yourself. If you are going to perform the
repairs yourself, proceed by reading the vehicle service
manual and following all its procedures and
recommendations.

Take the vehicle to a professional to have it serviced. The
problem(s) causing the red LED to light must be repaired
before the vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test.
Audio Tone Interpretation
The audio tone is configured according to the I/M Readiness Status.
This function is invaluable when performing diagnostics and driving
at the same time , or working in bright areas where LED illumination
alone is not sufficient.
Different audio tone with different LED light indicates different I/M
Readiness Status.
LED Light
Audio Tone
Beep Interval
Green LED
Two long beeps
5 seconds
Yellow LED
short, long, short beep
5 seconds
Four short beeps
5 seconds
Red LED
After you have read the information, press ESC to exit. The other
buttons are disabled to prevent misoperation.
B. Retrieve I/M Readiness status in typical way
52
1) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select I/M Readiness from
Diagnostic Menu and press OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2) Wait a few seconds while the scan tool validates the PID MAP.
3)
If the vehicle supports both types of tests, then both types will be
shown on the screen for selection.
……………I/M Readiness
1/2.
Since DTCs Cleared
This Drive Cycle
Figure 5.34
4) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button, as necessary, to view the status
of the MIL light (―ON‖ or ―OFF) and the following monitors.
For spark ignition engines:
 MIS -- Misfire Monitor
 FUEL -- Fuel System Monitor
 CCM -- Comprehensive Component Monitor
 EGR – EGR System Monitor
 O2S -- O2 Sensors Monitor
 CAT -- Catalyst Monitor
 EVAP -- Evaporative System Monitor
 HTR -- O2 Sensor Heater Monitor
 AIR -- Secondary Air Monitor
 HCAT -- Heated Catalyst Monitor
For compression ignition engines:
 MIS -- Misfire Monitor
 FUEL -- Fuel System Monitor
53







CCM -- Comprehensive Component Monitor
EGR – EGR System Monitor
HCCAT -- NMHC Catalyst Monitor
NCAT -- NOx Aftertreatment Monitor
BP -- Boost Pressure System Monitor
EGS -- Exhaust Gas Sensor Monitor
PM -- PM Filter Monitor
…………Since DTCs Cleared
MIL
MIS
FUEL
CCM
CAT
HCAT
1
OFF
OK
OK ?
OK
INC
N/A
Figure 5.35
5) If the vehicle supports readiness test of “This Drive Cycle”, a
screen of the following displays:
…………..This Drive Cycle
MIL
MIS
FUEL
CCM
CAT
HCAT
1.
OFF
OK
N/A ?
OK
INC
N/A
Figure 5.36
6)
The LEDs and audio tone corresponding to different monitor
status will be activated as below.
54
LED Light
Audio Tone
Beep Interval
Green LED
Two long beeps
2 minutes
Yellow LED
short, long, short beep
2 minutes
Four short beeps
2 minutes
Red LED
7)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button for more PIDs if additional
information is available on more than one page. Or use the
LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to view PIDs in the previous/next
page.
8) Press the ESC button to return to Diagnostic Menu.
5.6 O2 Monitor Test
OBD2 regulations set by SAE require that relevant vehicles
monitor and tests on the oxygen (O2) sensors to identify problems
related to fuel efficiency and vehicle emissions. These tests are not
on-demand tests and they are done automatically when engine
operating conditions are within specified limits. These test results
are saved in the on-board computer's memory.
The O2 Monitor Test function allows retrieval and viewing of O2
sensor monitor test results for the most recently performed tests
from the vehicle's on-board computer.
The O2 Monitor Test function is not supported by vehicles which
communicate using a controller area network (CAN). For O2
Monitor Test results of CAN-equipped vehicles, see 5.7
“On-Board Monitor Test”.
1)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select O2 Monitor Test
from Diagnostic Menu and press OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2)
Wait a few seconds while the scan tool validates the PID MAP.
3)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select O2 sensor from O2
Monitor Test menu and press OK button.
55
............O2 Monitor Test
O2 Bank1 Sensor1
O2 Bank1 Sensor2
O2 Bank1 Sensor3
2/8…
?
Figure 5.37

If the vehicle does not support the mode, an advisory message
will be displayed on the screen.
…………….O2 Monitor Test…………..
The selected mode is
not supported!
Figure 5.38
4)
View test results of selected O2 sensor.
… ……….O2 Bank1 Sensor2
1/31.
Rich-Lean Threshd V
Lean-Rich Threshd V
$70(counts)
$71(counts)
$83
$84
Figure 5.39
5)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to view more screens of data if
additional information is available in more than one page.
56
6)
Press the ESC button to return to the previous menu.
5.7 On-Board Monitor Test
The On-Board Monitor Test is useful after servicing or after
erasing a vehicle’s control module memory. The On-Board
Monitor Test for non-CAN-equipped vehicles retrieves and
displays test results for emission-related power train components
and systems that are not continuously monitored. The On-Board
Monitor Test for CAN-equipped vehicles retrieves and displays
test results for emission-related power train components and
systems that are and are not continuously monitored.
The scan tool allows access to the results of on-board diagnostic
monitoring tests for specific components/systems. The vehicle
manufacturer is responsible for assigning "Manufacturer Defined
Test IDs" and Component IDs for tests of different systems and
components. The advanced feature of this scan tool enables you to
read the definition of an On-Board Diagnostic Monitor ID.
NOTE: The scan tool will display a Test definition only if this test
definition is present in the vehicle’s computer memory. If no such
definition is present, the scan tool will just display the Test IDs.
In this test, there are typically a minimum value, a maximum value,
and a current value for each monitor. By comparing the current value
with the minimum and maximum value, the scan tool will determine
if it is OK.
1)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select On-Board Mon.
Test from Diagnostic Menu and press the OK button. (Figure
5.4)
2)
Wait a few seconds while the scan tool validates the PID MAP.
3)
The scan tool will prompt you to select the vehicle make.
57
Vehicle Manufacturer 1/28
BUICK
BMW
CADILLAC
CHRYSLER
FORD
GM
?
Figure 5.40
4)
After you select the vehicle manufacturer, the scan tool shows
the On-Board Monitors test results for specific monitored
systems.
On-Board Mon. Test 1/19
HO2S Monitor
HO2S Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
EVAP Monitor
EVAP Monitor
EVAP Monitor
Figure 5.41
5)
From On-Board Mon. Test menu, use the UP/DOWN scroll
button to select a test to view and press the OK button. Or, use
the LEFT/RIGHT scroll button to view previous/next screen of
test items.

If the vehicle under test does not support the mode, an
advisory message will be displayed on the screen.
58
On-Board Mon. Test
The selected mode is
not supported
Press any key to con..
Figure 5.42

For CAN-equipped vehicles, test selections can be as below:
On-Board Mon. Test
1/31..
O2 Mon. B1S1
O2 Mon. B1S2
O2 Mon. B1S3
O2 Mon. B1S4
O2 Mon. B2S1
O2 Mon. B2S2
Figure 5.43
6)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select the desired monitor
from On-Board Mon. Test menu and press the OK button.
7)
View test data on screen.
HO2S11 Voltage amplitu 1/36
ID
MOD
TEST(volts)
MIN(volts)
MAX(volts)
STS
11
$10
400
1E1
----OK
Figure 5.44
59
?
NOTE: If the On-Board Monitor Test failed, this monitor item
will be red color. Just by the text color you may easily find out
which system is at fault.
EVAP monitor
Phase 0 Initial tank vacuum an..
Figure 5.45
Phase 0 Initial tank vacuum
ID
MOD
TEST(in H2O)
MIN(in H2O)
MAX(in H2O)
STS
00
$10
0000
7000
7200
Fail
1
?
Figure 5.46
8)
Press ESC button to return to the previous menus.
5.8 Component Test
The Component Test function allows initiating a leak test for the
vehicle's EVAP system. The scan tool itself does not perform the
leak test, but commands the vehicle's on-board computer to start
the test. Different vehicle manufacturers might have different
criteria and methods for stopping the test once it has been started.
Before starting the Component Test, refer to the vehicle service
manual for instructions to stop the test.
1) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Component Test from
Diagnostic Menu and press the OK button. (Figure 5.4)
60
2) Wait for the scan tool to display the Component Test menu.
Component Test
Evap Leak Test
?
Figure 5.47
3) If the test has been initiated by the vehicle, a confirmation
message will be displayed on the screen.
Component Test
Command Sent!
Press any key to con.
Figure 5.48

Some vehicles do not allow scan tools to control vehicle
systems or components. If the vehicle under test does not
support the EVAP Leak Test, an advisory message is
displayed on the screen.
.............Component Test
The selected mode is
not supported
Press any key to con.
Figure 5.49
61
4) Wait a few seconds or press any key to return to previous screen.
5.9 Viewing Vehicle Information
The Vehicle Info. function enables retrieval of Vehicle
Identification No. (VIN), Calibration ID Nos. (CINs),
Calibration Verification Nos. (CVNs) and In-use Performance
Tracking on 2000 and newer vehicles that support Mode 9.
1) Use UP/DOWN scroll button to select Vehicle Info. from the
Diagnostic Menu and press OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2) An advisory message comes up to remind you. Wait a few
seconds or press any key to continue.
Vehicle Info.
Turn key on
with engine off !
Press any key to con.
Figure 5.50
3) Wait a few seconds while the scan tool reads vehicle information.
Vehicle Info.
Reading info…
- Please Wait -
Figure 5.51

If the vehicle does not support this mode, a message shows on
the display warning that the mode is not supported.
62
4) From Vehicle Info. Menu, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select an available item to view and press the OK button.
Vehicle Info.
3/3
Vehicle ID Number
Calibration ID
Cal. Verf. Number
?
Figure 5.52
5) View retrieved vehicle information on screen.
Cal. Verf. Number
CVN1:
BB BA A0 78
?
Figure 5.53
6) Press the ESC button to return to previous menu.
5.10 Modules Present
The Modules Present function allows viewing of the module IDs
and communication protocols for OBD2 modules in the vehicle.
1) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Modules Present
from Diagnostic Menu and press OK button. (Figure 5.4)
2) View modules present with their IDs and communication
protocols.
63
Modules Present
ID
Protocol
_________________________
$00
ISO 9141-2
?
Figure 5.54
3) Press the ESC button to return to previous menu
64
6. Ready Test
This function can be used as a convenient readiness test tool by
automotive technicians to determine if the tested vehicle is
ready for an emission test. By visual and audible indication,
you will learn a vehicle’s monitors readiness.
6.1 General Information
Repairs to the emissions-control systems of a 1996 or newer vehicle
cause the vehicle‟s computer (ECU) memory to be cleared. The
vehicle must go through a drive cycle to allow the ECU to perform a
series of tests to ensure that the repair was successful, and before a
state mandated emissions test can be conducted. But how will you
know when it is ready?
With this scan tool, you don‟t have to drive around endlessly and
continuously coming back to the repair shop for retest if all required
tests by the ECU are completed. And you could also do a quick check
of the vehicle to determine if it is ready to receive an emission test
without the hassle of connecting your vehicle to the analyzer or
having to use a complicated scan tool.
In the following cases, this function is especially useful.

You bought a used car and the check engine light had been
cleared to mask potential problems.

You disconnected the battery for tune-ups and other engine
repairs, dead battery replacement, car radio installation and car
alarm installation.

You used a scan tool to clear the DTCs.

Your car has been sent to repair.
6.2 Ready test application
65
The purpose of this function is to indicate which of the vehicle‟s
monitors have run and completed their diagnosis and testing, and
which ones have not yet run and completed testing and diagnosis of
their designated sections of the vehicle‟s emission system. All data
shows on one screen, which provides a simple profile of vehicle at a
glance, saving diagnosis time and improving technician productivity.

Use the UP/DOWN scroll button and LEFT/RIGHT scroll
button to select Ready Test from Main Screen (Figure 6.1),
and press the OK button.
Figure 6.1
As post-repair diagnostic tool
This function can be used (after the vehicle has done any
emission-related repairs) to confirm that the repair has been
performed successfully.
After repairs, some drive cycles are required to reset the monitoring
systems. Drive cycles vary among vehicles and for each monitor in
any particular vehicle.
Use the following procedure to check if the repair has been done
correctly:
1)
Connect the scan tool to the vehicle‟s DLC and erase the DTC(s)
from the vehicle‟s computer memory. (see 5.2 erasing codes)
66
2)
After the erase procedure is performed, status of most monitors
will be changed. Leave the scan tool connected to the vehicle,
and select Ready Test from Main Screen.
3)
Keep on driving the car till the scan tool notifies you safely with
color LEDs and audible tone that the drive cycle has been
completed and the vehicle is ready, eliminating drive cycle
guesswork and confirming readiness status.
4)
If the GREEN LED lights and two long beeps are heard, your
vehicle is ready and the repair work is confirmed.
5)
If the RED LED lights, your vehicle is not ready and the repair
work is unsuccessful.
As pre-check diagnostic tool
Prior to having a vehicle inspected for compliance to a state
emissions test, you could use this function to check the readiness
status first by yourself.
1)
While the scan tool connected to the vehicle, select Ready Test
from Main Screen. Drive the car till the scan tool notifies you
safely with color LEDs and audible tone if your vehicle is ready
to conduct state emission test.
2)
If the GREEN LED lights and two long beeps are heard, your
vehicle is ready and there is a good possibility that it can be
certified.
3)
If the RED LED lights, your vehicle is not ready and must be
repaired before an emissions test can be performed.
IMPORTANT: If you are driving the vehicle to perform a drive
cycle ALONE, please set the Status Beep On (see 3.8 System Setup).
By listening to the beep, you will learn when the monitors have run
and completed the diagnostic testing. NEVER try to drive and
operate the scan tool at the same time!
67
NOTE: This function reads off the real time data of
emission-related monitoring systems readiness status. Once the scan
tool has finished other operations, for example, clearing trouble
codes, the I/M Readiness Monitor Status program resets status of all
the monitors to “INC” condition. In order to set these monitors to a
Ready status, the vehicle must be driven through a complete drive
cycle. Times for reset vary depending on vehicle. Please refer to
your vehicle’s service manual for drive cycle information.
NOTE: In this function, only ESC button is available. The other
buttons are disabled to prevent misoperation.
6.3 LED and Tone Interpretation
Select Ready Test from the Main Screen and the screen shows as
below, including applicable monitors status, MIL state, Ignition type,
DTCs (stored one and pending one).
Figure 6.2
If the scan tool is idle, it will show the result immediately. If it is busy,
it will wait till the current procedure finished. After viewing the status,
press ESC button to exit.
“OK”
-- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked
has completed its diagnostic testing.
68
“INC” -- Indicates that a particular monitor being checked
has not completed its diagnostic testing.
“N/A”
-- The monitor is not supported on the vehicle.
The LED and audio tone indications are interpreted as below:
LED Interpretation
The green and red LEDs provide an easy way to check if
emission-related monitoring systems complete their self-diagnostic
testing.
1)
GREEN LED – Your vehicle is Ready. Indicates that engine
systems are “OK” and operating normally (the number of
Monitors supported by the vehicle which have run and
performed their self-diagnostic testing is in the allowed limit).
2)
RED LED –Your vehicle is Not Ready. Indicates that the
number of Monitors supported by the vehicle which have run
and performed their self-diagnostic testing is out of the allowed
limit.
Audio Tone Interpretation
The audio tone could be configured according to the I/M Readiness
Status. This function is invaluable when performing diagnostics and
driving at the same time, or working in bright areas where LED
illumination alone is not sufficient.
LED Light
Audio Tone
Beep Interval
Green LED
Two long beeps
2 minutes
Red LED
No beep
69
7. Circuit Test function
This function is specially designed to diagnose the vehicle
electrical system, including DC or AC voltage test, continuity test,
and current test.
NOTE: Circuit Test function is only available when the tool is
powered by built-in 3.7V lithium battery solely. Otherwise, it will
cause incorrect results and damage the tool.
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Circuit Test from Main
Menu in the scan tool, and press the OK button. (Figure 3.1)

The default mode is AUTO.
7.1 AUTO
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit.
According to different circuit situations, the tool will select the
corresponding functions independently.
Circuit situation
Function
Circuit powered by DC mains
Reads off DC voltage
Circuit powered by AC mains
Reads off AC voltage
7.2 DC Voltage
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit, then the
LCD display will read the DC voltage with a resolution of 0.02 volt.
70
Figure 7.1
7.3 AC Voltage
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit, then the
LCD display will read the AC voltage with a resolution of 0.02 volt.
Figure 7.2
NOTE: If the voltage is less than 3Volt, the result will display with
a resolution of 0.01volt.
7.4 Continuity
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit, then the
tool will check the continuity of this circuit.
NOTE: If the resistance of circuit is less than 50 ohm, the scan tool
would display actual value and a beep would be heard.
71
Figure 7.3
NOTE: If the resistance of circuit is more than 50 ohm, the scan
tool would display 0L as below.
Figure 7.4
7.5 Diodes
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a diode in the
correct polarity: red to the positive (+) terminal and black to the
negative (-) terminal, then the LCD display will read forward voltage
drop of this diode.
72
Figure 7.5
7.6 Current
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit, then the
LCD display will read the current between these two probes. Current
range of this mode is 0 ~20A.
Figure 7.6
NOTE: If the current being tested is greater than 20A, it may blow
the fuse inside the tool.
7.7 Current
While the tool in this mode, contact the probes to a circuit, then the
LCD display will read the current between these two probes.
Current range of this mode is 0 ~ 200mA.
73
Figure 7.7
NOTE: If the current tested is within 200mA, it is more precise to
use the 200mA test mode to perform the test.
74
8. Start Test
8.1 Starter Test
The function of a vehicle's starting system is to rotate the engine's
crankshaft fast enough so that combustion can take place, and the
engine can begin to run under its own power. This system is
commonly referred to as the "cranking system".
Providing the cranking power needed for reliable engine starts
requires all starting system components to be in good working order.
Testing the starting system can confirm that it is functioning properly,
or provide valuable diagnostic information to isolate a problem in the
system.
The STARTER TEST measures the cranking voltage. If the engine
cranking speed is good, and the cranking voltage reading is within
specifications, you can generally conclude that the starting system is
functioning properly. But, if the starter does not crank, cranks too
slowly, or the volts reading is not within specifications, further
testing will be required. To get more accurate results, this scan tool
incorporates a temperature compensation feature to aid in tests.
Before performing the STARTER TEST, the starting system should
be visually inspected for physical defects, and some preliminary
checks should be performed that will aid you in diagnosing a starting
system problem. These are taken care of during the pretest.
PRETEST
1.
To prevent possible personal injury and protest the vehicle from
damage, inspect the starting system for defects. Check for the
following; then repair and/or replace any defective components.




Battery defects.
Frayed or broken electrical wiring.
Corroded or loose connections.
Loosely mounted starter motor, series-parallel switch,
magnetic switch, solenoid, starter relay, etc.
75
2.
Check state-of-charge of battery. For accurate cranking voltage
test results, the battery must be at least 75 percent charged.
3.
Make sure the handbrake on and the gear is on N or P.
STARTER TEST PROCEDURE
There are two ways to do this test.
A. Connecting to DLC with OBDII connector.
B. Connecting to battery with probes.
Follow the steps to complete the test:
1.
Perform PRETEST.
2.
Turn off all of the vehicle's electrical accessories.
3.
Connect the tool to vehicle‟s DLC with OBDII connector, or
contact the scan tool probes to the battery: red to the positive (+)
terminal, black to the negative (-) terminal.
4.
Turn on the scan tool and wait for Main Screen to appear.
(Figure 3.1)
5.
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select START TEST from
main screen. (Figure 3.1) The scan tool will show as below.
Figure 8.1
6.
Check that the ignition is on and engine stops. Then press OK
button to continue. The scan tool will prompt you to start
engine.
76
Figure 8.2
7.
Start engine and begin the test. There may be five test results.
Table 1: Starter System Decisions and Recommendations
Decision
Action
CRANKING NORMAL
The starter voltage is normal and the starting
system is OK. (Figure 8.3)
CRANKING
ABNORMAL
The vehicle can’t start and there is a problem
with the starting system. Check the battery,
connection, wiring and starter. (Figure 8.4)
CRANKING LOW
The starter voltage is low and you’d better
check the starter system before a problem
happens. (Figure 8.5)
CHARGE BATTERY
The starter voltage is low and the battery is
discharged. Fully charge the battery and retest
the starter system. (Figure 8.6)
77
NO START
If you didn’t start engine to continue the test,
the scan tool wait for two minutes and abort
the test. (Figure 8.7)
Figure 8.3
Figure 8.4
Figure 8.5
Figure 8.6
Figure 8.7
78
8.
Press OK button to do the test again. The scan tool will prompt
you to shutdown the engine.
Figure 8.8
9.
Follow the steps above to do the test again.

If the scan tool doesn‟t connect to vehicle or battery, it will
display a message as below. Check that OBDII connector is
securely connected to the DLC, or battery contact is clean and
well connected, then continue the test procedure.
Figure 8.9
8.2 Charging System Test
All late-model vehicles need a constant supply of power to run their
electronic components, such as computers, daytime running lights
and stereo systems. Most 12-volt charging systems produce more
than 12 volts, some as high as 14.5 volts of DC power. Many
79
electronic ignitions will not operate efficiently using only 12 volts,
and the engine will under-perform, reducing horsepower and gas
mileage. To ensure the battery will remain charged to start the
vehicle and power the accessories while it's running, test the integrity
of the 12-volt charging system periodically.
Before starting the test, inspect the alternator drive belt. A belt that is
glazed or worn, or lacks the proper tension, will prevent the engine
from achieving the RPM levels needed for the test.
CHARGING SYSTEM TEST PROCEDURE
There are two ways to do this test.
A. Connecting to DLC with OBDII connector.
B. Connecting to battery with probes.
Follow the steps to complete the test:
1.
Turn off all of the vehicle's electrical accessories.
2.
Connect the tool to vehicle‟s DLC with OBDII connector, or
contact the scan tool probes to the battery: red to the positive (+)
terminal, black to the negative (-) terminal.
3.
Turn on the scan tool and wait for Main Screen to appear.
(Figure 3.1)
4.
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select START TEST from
main screen. (Figure 3.1) Then select CHARGE TEST in the
submenu. The screen will show as below.
Figure 8.10
80
5.
Start the engine and keep it running at 2000 rpm for over 15
seconds. Then press OK button and the scan tool will show as
below.
Figure 8.11
6.
Follow the instructions to hold the engine rpm and turn on high
beams and blower motor. Then press OK button.
7.
The scan tool starts to record the charging voltage with loads on.
There may be four test results.
Table 2: Charging System Decisions and Recommendations
Decision
NORMAL
Action
The charging system is showing normal output.
No problem detected. (Figure 8.12)
81
LOW OUTPUT
There is a problem with the charging system.
The alternator is not providing enough current
to power the system’s electrical loads and
charge the battery. (Figure 8.13)
 Check the belts to ensure the alternator is
rotating with the engine running. Replace
broken or slipping belts and retest.
 Check the connections from the
alternator to the battery. If the connection
is loose or heavily corroded, clean or
replace the cable and retest.
There is a problem with the charging system.
The voltage output from the alternator to the
battery exceeds the normal limits of a
functioning regulator. (Figure 8.14)
HIGH OUTPUT

Check to ensure there are no loose
connections and that the ground
connection is normal.

If the connection is OK, check the
regulator.
NOTE: Most alternators have a built-in
regulator requiring you to replace the
alternator. In older vehicles that use external
voltage regulators, you may need to replace
only the voltage regulator.
82
EXCESSIVE RIPPLE
One or more diodes in the alternator aren’t
functioning or there’s stator damage, which is
shown by an excessive amount of AC ripple
current supplied to the battery. (Figure 8.15)
 Make sure the alternator mounting is
sturdy and that the belts are in good
shape and functioning properly.
 If the mounting and belts are good, check
the alternator.
Figure 8.12
Figure 8.13
Figure 8.14
Figure 8.15
83
9. Battery Test—only for AL539b
Comparing with the basic AL539, AL539b can perform one more
function ---- battery test.
This function provides quick and accurate load-free testing of most
types of 12V batteries, including AGM, standard, and
maintenance-free batteries.
NOTE: Do not connect the battery test cable to a voltage source
greater than 30V.
TEST PROCEDURE
Follow the steps to complete the test:
1.
Make sure all vehicle electrical loads are off and the ignition is
in the OFF position.
2.
Connect the scan tool to the battery terminals with battery test
cable: red to positive (+) terminal, black to negative (-) terminal.
Rock each clamp back and forth to make a good connection.
3.
Turn on the scan tool and wait for the main screen to appear.
Figure 9.1
4.
Use the UP/ DOWN scroll button to select BAT TEST from
main menu, the screen will show as below (Figure 9.2).
84
Figure 9.2
5.
Press OK button to start test. The tool will display a list of
battery types for selection. (Figure 9.3) Select the right type of
battery and press OK button to continue.
Figure 9.3
6.
Select the battery‟s capacity rating standard. The standard and
the rating units required in step 7 are printed on the battery label.
If the information is unreadable, please contact the battery
manufacturer.
85
Figure 9.4
7.
For example, select CCA in the list and press OK button to
continue. Then the screen shows as Figure 9.5. Press the UP/
DOWN scroll button to increase or decrease rating units by 20
units and then press OK button to confirm.
Figure 9.5
8.
The scan tool will start the test and there may be three test
results.
86
Table 3: CCA Rating Test Decisions and Recommendations
Decision
Action
GOOD BATTERY
The battery is normal and ready for service.
(Figure 9.5)
CHARGE BATTERY
Fully charge the battery and retest. Failure to
fully charge the battery before testing may
cause false readings. If charge battery appears
again after you fully charge the battery, replace
the battery. (Figure 9.6)
BAD BATTERY
Replace the battery and retest. (Figure 9.7)
Figure 9.6
Figure 9.7
Figure 9.8
87
10. Print Data
The Print Data function allows printing out diagnostic data
recorded by the scan tool or customized test reports.
 To print out retrieved data, you need the following tools:
AutoLink AL539/AL539b scan tool
A PC or laptop with USB ports
A USB cable
1)
Install Maxi-Link II applications through the included CD, or
download
the
applications
from
our
website:
www.auteltech.com or our distributors‟ site.
2)
Connect the scanner to computer with the USB cable supplied.
3)
Run Maxi-Link II Tool Kit in your computer.
Figure 10.1
4)
Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select Print Data from
Main Menu in the scan tool, and press the OK button. (Figure
3.1)
5) Use the UP/DOWN scroll button to select the desired item to
print from Print Data menu.
88
Print Data
Stored Codes
Pending Codes
Live Data
Freeze Frame
I/M Readiness
O2 Sensor Test
Print All Data
1/9
?
Figure 10.2

To print all retrieved data, use the UP/DOWN scroll button to
select Print All Data from Print Data menu.
6)
Press the OK button to upload data to the computer.
7)
In the Maxi-Link Tool Kit, you could edit, delete, copy and print
the data in the textbox by selecting the icons on the upper right
of window.
Print data.
Delete data.
Copy data.
Edit data.
NOTE: Data stored in a language different from current system
settings of the scan tool will not be printable. Please adjust language
settings before printing. A reminder would pop up under such
circumstances.
89
11. Warranty and Service
11.1
Limited One Year Warranty
Autel warrants to its customers that this product will be free from all
defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year from
the date of the original purchase, subject to the following terms and
conditions:
1) The sole responsibility of Autel under the Warranty is limited to
either the repair or, at the option of Autel, replacement of the scan
tool at no charge with Proof of Purchase. The sales receipt may be
used for this purpose.
2) This warranty does not apply to damages caused by improper use,
accident, flood, lightning, or if the product was altered or repaired
by anyone other than the Manufacturer‟s Service Center.
3) Autel shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential
damages arising from the use, misuse, or mounting of the scan tool.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied
warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
4) All information in this manual is based on the latest information
available at the time of publication and no warranty can be made
for its accuracy or completeness. Autel reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice.
11.2
Service Procedures
If you have any questions, please contact your local store, distributor
or visit our website at www.auteltech.com.
If it becomes necessary to return the scan tool for repair, contact your
local distributor for more information.
90