Seagate Momentus ST9500423AS hard disk drive

Seagate Momentus ST9500423AS hard disk drive
Product Manual
Momentus
7200-RPM
Standard Models
ST9750422AS
ST9750420AS
ST9750420ASG
ST9640422AS
ST9640421AS
ST9640420ASG
ST9500424AS
ST9500423AS
ST9500423ASG
GEN-5
100610629
Rev. A
April 2010
Self-Encrypting Drive Models
ST9750421AS
ST9640421AS
Revision history
Revision
Rev. A
Date
04/12/10
Sheets affected or comments
Initial release.
© 2010 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved.
Publication number: 100610629, Rev. A, April 2010
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology
LLC in the United States and/or other countries. Momentus and SeaTools are either trademarks or
registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the United
States and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission of Seagate
Technology LLC. Call 877-PUB-TEK1(877-782-8651) to request permission.
One gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your
computer's operating system may use a different standard of measurement and report a lower
capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and other functions, and thus
will not be available for data storage. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product
offerings or specifications
Contents
1.0
Seagate Technology support services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.0
Drive specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.1
Specification summary table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.2
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.2.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.3
Default logical geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.4
Physical organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.5
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.6
Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.7
Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.8
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.9
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.9.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.9.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.9.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.9.4
Power-management modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.10
Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.1
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.2
Temperature gradient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.3
Relative humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.4
Wet bulb temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.5
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.6
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.10.7
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.11
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.12
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.13
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.13.1
Free Fall Protection feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.14
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.14.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.14.2
Electromagnetic compatibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.14.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.15
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.15.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.15.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.16
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.0
Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
22
22
23
5.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.1
Identify Device command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
24
25
26
28
32
33
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
i
ii
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
List of Figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Typical +5V only startup and operation current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial ATA connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching SATA cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
11
22
22
23
iii
1.0
Seagate Technology support services
SEAGATE ONLINE SUPPORT and SERVICES
For information regarding products and services, visit http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/about/contact_us/
Available services include:
Presales & Technical support
Global Support Services telephone numbers & business hours
Authorized Service Centers
For information regarding Warranty Support, visit
http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
For information regarding Data Recovery Services, visit http://www.i365.com
For Seagate OEM & Distribution partner portal, visit https://direct.seagate.com/portal/system
For Seagate reseller portal, visit http://spp.seagate.com
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
1
2.0
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate
Momentus® model drives:
Standard models
Free Fall Protection models
Self-encrypting models
ST9750422AS
ST9750420ASG
ST9750421AS
ST9750420AS
ST9640420ASG
ST9640421AS
ST9640422AS
ST9500423ASG
ST9640420AS
ST9500424AS
ST9500423AS
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7200-RPM spindle speed.
• 16MB buffer.
• Free Fall Protection (on ST9750420ASG, ST9640420ASG and ST9500423ASG models only)
• Quiet operation. Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor.
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 3Gb/s).
• Perpendicular recording technology.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queuing (NCQ) with command ordering.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• 1000 Gs nonoperating shock and 350 Gs of operating shock.
• SeaTools diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• The 3D Defense System™, which includes Drive Defense, Data Defense and Diagnostic Defense, offers the
industry’s most comprehensive protection for disc drives.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Support for Read Multiple and Write Multiple commands.
2
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
2.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary
advantages include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity. It is not normally necessary to set
any jumpers or other configuration options.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial
ATA was designed to allow you to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disc drive in your current
system and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disc drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0
(master) devices.
Note.
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two
devices on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and
Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a
master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA
environment.
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide
backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers,
PIO and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized
AT Attachment” specification. The specification can be downloaded from http://www.serialata.org.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3
3.0
Drive specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal
power.
3.1
Specification summary table
The specifications listed in this table are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement or definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
4
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Table 1:
Drive specifications for 750, 640 and 500 GB models
Drive specification
ST9750422AS
ST9750421AS
ST9750420AS
ST9750420ASG
ST9640422AS
ST9640421AS
ST9640420AS
ST9640420ASG
ST9500424AS
ST9500423AS
ST9500423ASG
Formatted GB
750
640
500
Guaranteed sectors
1,465,149,168
1,250,284,896
976,773,168
Bytes per sector
512
Physical read/write heads
4
Discs
2
Cache (MB)
16
Recording density in BPI (max)
1,586k
Track density TPI (tracks/inch max)
341k
Areal density (Gb/in2 max)
541
Spindle speed (RPM)
7200
Average latency (ms)
4.2
Internal transfer rate (Gb/s max)
1305
I/O data transfer rate (Gb/s max)
3.0
ATA data-transfer modes supported
SATA 1.0, Serial ATA Revision 2.6
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Height
9.5 +/- 0.2 mm (0.370 +/-.008 in)
Width
69.85 +/- 0.25 mm (2.750 +/- 0.010 in)
Length
100.35 +0.20 / -0.25 mm (3.951 +0.008 / -0.010 in)
Weight
115 g (0.254 lb)
Power-on to ready (sec typical)
4.5
Standby to ready (sec typical)
3.0
Track-to-track seek time, read (ms
typ)
1.5
Average seek, read (ms typical)
11.0
Average seek, write (ms typical)
13.0
Startup current, +5V (max)
1.0A
Seek power (typical)
2.5W
Read power (typical)
2.1W
Write power (typical)
2.3W
Idle mode, low power (typical)
0.70W
Standby mode (typical)
0.15W ***
Sleep mode (typical)
0.15W ***
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
+5V ± 5%
Ambient temperature
0°C to 60°C (operating)
–40°C to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient (°C/hour max)
20°C (operating), 35°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% (operating and nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature (°C max)
37.7 °C (operating), 40 °C (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–304.8 m to 3,048 m (–1,000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
Altitude, nonoperating
(meters below mean sea level, max)
–304.8 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
Shock, operating (Gs max at 2 ms)
350
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3
5
Table 1:
Drive specifications for 750, 640 and 500 GB models
Drive specification
ST9750422AS
ST9750421AS
ST9750420AS
ST9750420ASG
Shock, nonoperating (Gs max at 2
ms)
800
Shock, nonoperating
(Gs max at 1 msec)
1000
Shock, nonoperating
(Gs max at 0.5 ms)
1000
Vibration, operating
2.0 G (0 to peak, 5–200 Hz)
1.0 G (0 to peak, 200–500 Hz)
Vibration, nonoperating
5 Gs (0 to peak, 5–500 Hz)
ST9640422AS
ST9640421AS
ST9640420AS
ST9640420ASG
ST9500424AS
ST9500423AS
ST9500423ASG
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Idle**
2.3 (typical)
2.5 (max)
Performance seek
2.6 (typical)
2.7 (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.5%
Load/Unload (U/UL) cycles
25°C, 50% relative humidity
600,000 software-controlled power on/off cycles
50,000 hard power on/off cycles
32°C, 80% relative humidity
5°C, 80% relative humidity
5°C, 10% relative humidity
55°C, 16% relative humidity
600,000 software-controlled power on/off cycles
50,000 hard power on/off cycles
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web
page: http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive
serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display
the warranty information for your drive.
Supports Hotplug operation per
Serial ATA Revision 2.6 specification
Yes (requires COMRESET from host after a hotplug event)
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
***Typical notebooks will pull power to the drive when entering S3 and S4; while in the S3 and S4 states, drive sleep and drive standby
modes will not contribute to battery power consumption.
6
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.2
Formatted capacity
Model
Formatted capacity*
Guaranteed sectors
ST9750422AS, ST9750421AS,
ST9750420AS and ST9750420ASG
750GB
1,465,149,168
ST9640422AS, ST9640421AS,
ST9640420AS and ST9640420ASG
640GB
1,250,284,896
ST9500424AS, ST9500423AS and
ST9500423ASG
500GB
976,773,168
Bytes per sector
512
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
3.2.1
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 5.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48bit addressing support of drives with capacities over 137GB.
3.3
Default logical geometry
Cylinders
Read/write heads
Sectors per track
16,383
16
63
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
3.4
Physical organization
Drive model
Read/write heads
Number of discs
ST9750422AS, ST9750421AS,
ST9750420AS and ST9750420ASG
4
2
ST9640422AS, ST9640421AS,
ST9640420AS and ST9640420ASG
4
2
ST9500424AS, ST9500423AS and
ST9500423ASG
3
1
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
7
3.5
Recording and interface technology
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
Perpendicular
Recording density BPI (bits/in max)
1,586k
Track density TPI (tracks/in max)
341k
Areal density (Gb/in2 max)
541
Spindle speed (RPM) (± 0.2%)
7200
Maximum Internal transfer rate (Gb/s)
1305
I/O data-transfer rate (Gb/s max)
3.0
Interleave
1:1
Cache buffer
16MB (16,384KB)
3.6
Physical characteristics
Drive specification
Height
(mm)
(in)
9.5 +/-0.2
0.370 +/-0.008
Width
(mm)
(in)
69.85 +/-0.25
2.750 +/-0.010
Length
(mm)
(in)
100.35 +0.20 / -0.25
3.951 +0.008 / -.010
Typical weight
all models
8
115 g
0.254 lb
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.7
Seek time
Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using
drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5000 measurements of seeks between
random tracks, less overhead.
Table 2:
Typical seek times
Typical seek times (ms)
Read
Track-to-track
1.5
Average
11.0
Full-stroke
22.0
Average latency
4.2
Note.
3.8
These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual. Physical
seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet the noted
values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark tests that
include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary from these
specifications.
Start/stop times
Time to ready
Typical
Max @ 25°C
Power-on to Ready (sec)
4.5
5.0
Standby to Ready (sec)
3.0
3.5
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
9
3.9
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V) through a native SATA power connector.
3.9.1
Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in the table on page 10. Typical power measurements are based
on an average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, at 25°C ambient temperature.
• Spinup power
Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating speed.
• Seek mode
During seek mode, the read/write actuator arm moves toward a specific position on the disc surface and does
not execute a read or write operation. Servo electronics are active. Seek mode power is measured based on
three random seek operations every 100 ms. This mode is not typical.
• Read/write power and current
Read/write power is measured with the heads on track, based on three 63 sector read or write operations
every 100 msecs.
• Idle mode power
Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in
a random track location.
• Standby mode
During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/
write electronics are in power-down model
Table 3:
DC power
Power dissipation
+5V input average (25° C)
Spinup (max)
1.0A
Seek
2.5W
Read
2.1W
Write
2.3W
Idle, performance*
1.5W
Idle, active*
0.95W
Idle, low power mode*
0.70W
Standby
0.15W
Sleep
0.15W
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
10
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.9.1.1
Typical current profile
Figure 1. Typical +5V only startup and operation current profile
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
11
3.9.2
Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on
the +5V line.
Using 5V power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
Note.
Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write
current.
3.9.3
Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
5V ± 5%
12
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.9.4
Power-management modes
The drive provides programmable power management to provide greater energy efficiency. In most systems,
you can control power management through the system setup program. The drive features the following
power-management modes:
Table 4:
Power management modes
Power modes
Heads
Spindle
Buffer
Active (operating)
Tracking
Rotating
Full power
Idle, performance
Tracking
Rotating
Self refresh—low power
Idle, active
Floating
Rotating
Self refresh—low power
Idle, low power
Parked
Rotating
Self refresh—low power
Standby
Parked
Stopped
Self refresh—low power
Sleep
Parked
Stopped
Self refresh—low power
• Active mode
The drive is in Active mode during the read/write and seek operations.
• Idle mode
The buffer remains enabled, and the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disc
access is necessary.
• Standby mode
The drive enters Standby mode when the host sends a Standby Immediate command. If the host has set the
standby timer, the drive can also enter Standby mode automatically after the drive has been inactive for a
specifiable length of time. The standby timer delay is established using a Standby or Idle command. In Standby
mode, the drive buffer is in Self Refresh Low Power mode, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest.
The drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disc access is necessary.
• Sleep mode
The drive enters Sleep mode after receiving a Sleep command from the host. In Sleep mode, the drive buffer
is in Self Refresh Low Power mode, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive leaves Sleep
mode after it receives a Hard Reset or Soft Reset from the host. After receiving a reset, the drive exits Sleep
mode and enters Standby mode with all current translation parameters intact.
• Idle and Standby timers
Each time the drive performs an Active function (read, write or seek), the standby timer is reinitialized and
begins counting down from its specified delay times to zero. If the standby timer reaches zero before any
drive activity is required, the drive makes a transition to Standby mode. In both Idle and Standby mode, the
drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode when disc access is necessary.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
13
3.10
Environmental specifications
This section provides the temperature, humidity, shock, and vibration specifications for Momentus drives.
3.10.1
Ambient temperature
Ambient temperature is defined as the temperature of the environment immediately surrounding the drive.
Actual drive case temperature should not exceed 65°C (149°F) within the operating ambient conditions.
Above 1000 feet (305 meters), the maximum temperature is derated linearly by 1°C every 1000 feet.
Operating:
0°C to 60°C (32°F to 140°F)
Nonoperating:
–40°C to 70°C (–40°F to 158°F)
3.10.2
Temperature gradient
Operating
20°C per hour (68°F per hour max), without condensation
Nonoperating
35°C per hour (95°F per hour max), without condensation
3.10.3
Relative humidity
Operating
5% to 95% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
Nonoperating
5% to 95% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
3.10.4
Wet bulb temperature
Operating
37.7°C (99.8°F max)
Nonoperating
40°C (104°F max)
3.10.5
Altitude
Operating
–304.8 m to 3048 m (–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
Nonoperating
–304.8 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
3.10.6
Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive
mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
Note.
Additional shock protection is provided by the Free Fall Protection feature on ST9750420ASG,
ST9640420ASG and ST9500423ASG models. See Section 3.13.1 for additional information about
this feature.
3.10.6.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum
operating shock of 350 Gs based on half-sine shock pulses of 2ms. Shocks should not be repeated more than
one time per axis.
14
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.10.6.2
Nonoperating shock
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 800 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse
of 2 ms duration.
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 1000 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock
pulse of 1 ms duration.
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 1000 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock
pulse of 0.5 ms duration.
3.10.7
Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the
drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
3.10.7.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this document are specified below.
5–200 Hz
2.0 Gs (0 to peak). Max displacement may apply below 10 Hz.
200–500 Hz
1.0 Gs (0 to peak).
3.10.7.2
Nonoperating vibration
The maximum nonoperating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
5–500 Hz:
3.11
5 Gs (0 to peak). Max displacement may apply below 22 Hz.
Acoustics
Drive emission of sound is measured consistent with the ECMA-74 and its referenced standards. Testing is
conducted at room temperature (approximately 25°C). Emission levels are reported as the total A-weighted
sound power levers for steady state, idle, and active seeks modes of operation.
Table 5:
Drive A-weighted Sound Power Levels (SWL, BA)
Idle*
Performance seek
2.3 bels (typ)
2.5 bels (max)
2.6 bels (typ)
2.7 bels (max)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs)
Seagate follows the ECMA-74 standards for measurement and identification of PDTs. An exception to this process is the use of the absolute threshold of hearing. Seagate uses the lower limit for the threshold curve* to
discern tone audibility and to compensate for the inaudible components of sound prior to computation of tone
ratios according to Annex D of the ECMA-74 standards.
*Defined as the median curve given by ISO 389-7 (Tf curve) minus 10dB at all frequencies.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
15
3.12
Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in
performance when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following table:
Table 6:
Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance
level
Reference
standard
Electrostatic discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN 61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF immunity
80 to 1,000 MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1 kHz sine
900 MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200 Hz
A
EN 61000-4-3: 96
ENV 50204: 95
Electrical fast transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O
B
EN 61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains
B
EN 61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF immunity
150 kHz to 80 MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1 kHz
sine
A
EN 61000-4-6: 97
Power Frequency H-field
immunity
1 A/m, 50Hz/60Hz, 3 axes
A
EN 61000-4-8: 97
Voltage dips, interrupts
30% Reduction for 25 cycles
>95% Reduction for 250 cycles
>95%, 0.5 cycles
C
C
B
EN 61000-4-11: 94
3.13
Reliability
Measurement type
Specification
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read, max.
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.5%
Load/Unload (U/UL)
25°C, 50% relative humidity
600,000 software-controlled power on/off cycles
50,000 hard power on/off cycles
32°C, 80% relative humidity
5°C, 80% relative humidity
5°C, 10% relative humidity
55°C, 16% relative humidity
600,000 software-controlled power on/off cycles
50,000 hard power on/off cycles
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the
following web page:
http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
16
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.13.1
Free Fall Protection feature
The Free Fall Protection feature provides enhanced data protection against shock events that may occur while
the drive is operating. This feature is designed to decrease the likelihood of data loss by detecting a free fall
event and unloading the actuator before a shock takes place in falls of >8 inches (nominal). The drive uses a
0G sensor mounted on the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) to sense this event.
To enable the Free Fall Protection feature on ST9750420ASG, ST9640420ASG and ST9500423ASG models,
use Set Features command 41h. To disable this feature, use Set Features command C1h.
Information about Free Fall Events that have occurred is available through SMART Attribute FEh.
Note.
The Free Fall Protection feature is provided only on ST9750420ASG, ST9640420ASG and
ST9500423ASG models.
3.14
Agency certification
3.14.1
Safety certification
The drives are recognized in accordance with UL 60950-1 and CSA C22.2 (950) and meet all applicable sections of IEC 60950-1 and EN60950-1 as tested by TUV North America.
3.14.2
Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC). Testing is performed to the levels specified by the product
standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined by EN 55022, Class B and
the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Seagate uses an independent laboratory to confirm compliance with the EC directives specified in the previous
paragraph. Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply
with the directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the
directives. The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O
cable (if necessary) and terminators on all unused I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators
should confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products.
Korean BCC
If these drives have the Korea Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Broadcasting Communications Center (BCC) Ministry of
Information and Communication Republic of Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized lab.
• Certificate number: STX-Momentus (B)
• Trade name or applicant: Seagate Technology International (Wuxi) Co., Ltd.
• Date of certificate: May 25, 2009
• Manufacturer/nationality: Seagate Technology (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.
Australian C-Tick (N176)
If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548
1995 and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian Communication Authority (ACA).
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
17
3.14.3
FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached
as an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification
of the device is required.
Seagate Technology LLC has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total
assembly (enclosure, disc drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B
computing device, pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is
likely to result in interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio
and television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment
does cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off,
you are encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4.
18
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
3.15
Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances.
3.15.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances. A new law, the European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances
(RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence of chemical substances, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury,
Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products, effective July 2006. This drive is manufactured
with components and materials that comply with the RoHS Directive.
3.15.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following
table contains information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution
Caused by Electronic Information Products" Standard.
"O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower
than the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
“O”表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质低于中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
"X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over
the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
“X”表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质超出中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
19
3.16
Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to
light industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM
B845. However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment.
Users should use caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive chemicals as electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver, copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide,
chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components
should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or
exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any
electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
20
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
4.0
Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
4.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution:
• Keep the drive in the electrostatic discharge (ESD) bag until you are ready for installation to limit the drive’s
exposure to ESD.
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal
chassis of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire
installation procedure.
• Handle the drive only by its edges or frame.
• The drive is fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids
the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are
used to seal out dirt and contamination.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
21
4.2
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point
relationships. If two drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the
two devices as if they were both “masters” on two separate ports. This means both drives behave as if they are
Device 0 (master) devices.
Serial ATA drives are designed for easy installation with no jumpers, terminators, or other settings. It is not necessary to set any jumpers on this drive for proper operation. The jumper block adjacent to the signal connector
is for factory use only.
3.0 Gbits per second operation
Limit data transfer rate to
1.5 Gbits per second
Jumper block
SATA power connector
SATA interface connector
Figure 2. Serial ATA connectors
4.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 7
for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive
and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind
mateable.
For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 3.
SATA interface connector
Power connector
SATA interface cable
Power cable
Figure 3. Attaching SATA cabling
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation.
22
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
4.4
Drive mounting
You can mount the drive using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the bottom-mounting
holes. See Figure 4 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76 mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling.
• Use only M3 UNC mounting screws.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 4.0 inch-lb).
• Four (4) threads (0.080 inches) minimum screw engagement recommended.
Measurements shown in Figure 4 are in inches.
Figure 4. Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
23
5.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA
programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0–4; multiword DMA modes 0–2, and Ultra DMA modes 0–6. The drive
also supports the use of the IORDY signal to provide reliable high-speed data transfers.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT
Attachment” specification.
5.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
Momentus drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the
Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment specification revision 2.0. This specification can be downloaded from http://www.serialata.org. This device requires a COMRESET from the host after a hotplug event.
24
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
5.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 7 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors.
Table 7:
Segment
Signal
Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Pin
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A from Phy
S3
A-
S4
Ground
2nd mate
S5
B-
Differential signal pair B from Phy
S6
B+
S7
Ground
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
Power
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Reserved
The pin corresponding to P11 in the backplane receptacle connector is also reserved
The corresponding pin to be mated with P11 in the power cable receptacle connector
shall always be grounded
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this
case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when
installed in a blind-mate backplane configuration.
4. All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
25
5.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of
the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment specification. See
“S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 33.for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Command name
Command code (in hex)
ATA-standard commands
Device Configuration Restore
B1h/C0h
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
B1h/C1h
Device Configuration Identify
B1h/C2h
Device Configuration Set
B1h/C3h
Download Microcode
92h
Execute Device Diagnostics
90h
Flush Cache
E7h
Flush Cache Extended
EAh
Identify Device
ECh
Initialize Device Parameters
91h
Read Buffer
E4h
Read DMA
C8h
Read DMA Extended
25h
Read DMA without Retries
C9h
Read Long with Retries
22h
Read Long without Retries
23h
Read Multiple
C4h
Read Multiple Extended
29h
Read Native Max Address
F8h
Read Native Max Address Extended
27h
Read Sectors
20h
Read Sectors Extended
24h
Read Sectors without Retries
21h
Read Verify Sectors
40h
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42h
Read Verify Sectors without Retries
41h
Seek
70h
Set Features
EFh
Set Max Address
F9h
Note: Individual Set Max commands are identified by the value placed in the Set Max Features register as defined to the right.
Address:
Password:
Lock:
Unlock:
Freeze Lock:
Set Multiple Mode
C6h
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0h/D9h
26
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Command name
Command code (in hex)
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0h/D2h
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0h/D8h
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Auto Offline
B0h/DBh
S.M.A.R.T. Enable One Attribute Modification
B0h/E0h
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0h/D4h
S.M.A.R.T. Free Fall Protection Host Interface
FEh
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0h/D1h
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0h/D0h
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0h/D5h
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0h/DAh
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0h/D3h
S.M.A.R.T. Write Attribute Thresholds
B0h/D7h
S.M.A.R.T. Write Attribute Values
B0h/E1h
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0h/D6h
Write Buffer
E8h
Write DMA
CAh
Write DMA Extended
35h
Write DMA without Retries
CBh
Write Long with Retries
32h
Write Long without Retries
33h
Write Multiple
C5h
Write Multiple Extended
39h
Write Sectors
30h, 31h
Write Sectors Extended
34h
ATA-standard power-management commands
Check Power Mode
E5h
Idle
E3h
Idle Immediate
E1h
Sleep
E6h
Standby
E2h
Standby Immediate
E0h
ATA-standard security commands
Security Set Password
F1h
Security Unlock
F2h
Security Erase Prepare
F3h
Security Erase Unit
F4h
Security Freeze Lock
F5h
Security Disable Password
F6h
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
27
5.3.1
Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following
power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in the table on
page 27. All reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or
vary with the state of the drive. See Section 3.0 on page 4 for default parameter settings.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA specification.
Word
Description
Value
0C5AH
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision (8 ASCII character string, padded with
blanks to end of string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number: (40 ASCII characters, padded with
blanks to end of string)
ST9750422AS
ST9750421AS
ST9750420AS
ST9750420ASG
ST9640422AS
ST9640421AS
ST9640420AS
ST9640420ASG
ST9500424AS
ST9500423AS
ST9500423ASG
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple
and Write multiple (16)
8010H
48
Reserved
0000H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
28
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Word
Description
Value
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or
Write Multiple command
xxxxH
60–61
Total number of user-addressable sectors
This field contains a value that is one greater than the total
number of user-addressable sectors. The maximum value
that shall be placed in this field is 0FFFFFFFh. The
0FFFFFFFh value applies to all capacities over 137Gbytes
(see Section 3.2 and 3.3 for related information).
ST9750422AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9750421AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9750420AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9750420ASG = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9640422AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9640421AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9640420AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9640420ASG = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9500424AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9500423AS = 0FFFFFFFh
ST9500423ASG = 0FFFFFFFh
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported
(see note following this table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word
(120 ns)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word
(120 ns)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 ns)
00F0H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 nsec)
0078H
69–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
0000H
76
Serial ATA capabilities
0508H
77
ATA-reserved
0000H
78
Serial ATA features supported
0048H
79
Serial ATA features enabled
0040H
80
Major version number
003EH
81
Minor version number
0000H
82
Command sets supported
306BH
83
Command sets supported
4001H
84
Command sets support extension
4000H
85
Command sets enabled
30xxH
86
Command sets enabled
0001H
87
Command sets enable extension
4000H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode
(see note following this table)
xx7FH
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
29
Word
Description
Value
89
Security erase time
0000H
90
Enhanced security erase time
0000H
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value (see description following this table)
xxxxH
94
Auto acoustic management setting
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
100–103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available
(see Section 3.2 for related information)
These words are required for drives that support the 48-bit
addressing feature. Maximum value: 0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
ST9750422AS = 1,465,149,168
ST9750421AS = 1,465,149,168
ST9750420AS = 1,465,149,168
ST9750420ASG = 1,465,149,168
ST9640422AS = 1,250,284,896
ST9640421AS = 1,250,284,896
ST9640420AS = 1,250,284,896
ST9640420ASG = 1,250,284,896
ST9500424AS = 976,773,168
ST9500423AS = 976,773,168
ST9500423ASG = 976,773,168
104–118
ATA-reserved
0000H
119
Free Fall Protection support (bit 5)
1 = Free Fall Protection supported
0 = Free Fall Protection not supported
120
Free Fall Protection enable/disable (bit 5)
1 = Free Fall Protection feature is enabled
0 = Free Fall Protection feature is disabled
121–127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0001H
129–159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
Note.
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 88, 93 and 94 of the Identify Drive data:
Description (if bit is set to 1)
30
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
Bit
Word 93
13
1 = 80-conductor cable detected, CBLID above VIH
0 = 40-conductor cable detected, CBLID below VIL
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
31
5.3.2
Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives
this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted.
Power-on default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the
Features register are defined as follows:
Table 8:
Set Features command values
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note.
32
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
5.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disc drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines
that a failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable.
S.M.A.R.T. predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T.
commands and implementation, see the Draft ATA-8 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://seatools.seagate.com.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that
supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the
drive uses.
Table 9:
S.M.A.R.T. commands
Code in features register
S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D1H
Vendor-specific
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D7H
Vendor-specific
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note.
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and 0x 04
(abort) is written to the Error register.
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
33
34
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Index
A
ACA 17
acoustics 6, 15
Active mode 13
Address 26
AFR 16
Agency certification 17
Altitude 14
Altitude, nonoperating 5
Altitude, operating 5
Ambient temperature 5, 14
ambient temperature 9
Annualized Failure Rate 16
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 6
Areal density 5, 8
ATA commands 26
ATA data-transfer modes supported 5
Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548 1995
17
Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 17
Australian C-Tick 17
Average seek time 9
Average seek, read 5
B
bels 6
BPI 5
buffer 5, 8
Bytes per sector 7
C
cables and connectors 22
Cache 5
cache 8
capacity 7
case temperature 14
CE mark 17
certification 17
Check Power Mode 27
chemical substances 19
China RoHS directive 19
Class B computing device 18
compatibility 17
Conducted noise 12
Conducted RF immunity 16
Configuring the drive 21
connectors 22
CSA C22.2 (950) 17
current 5
cycles 16
Cylinders 7
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
D
data-transfer rates 2
DC power 10
Default logical geometry 7
density 5
Device Configuration Freeze Lock 26
Device Configuration Restore 26
Device Configuration Set 26
Diagnostics 26
dimensions 23
Discs 5
dissipation 10
Download Microcode 26
E
Electrical fast transient 16
Electromagnetic compatibility 17
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC)
17
Electromagnetic immunity 16
Electrostatic discharge 16
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 21
EN 55022, Class B 17
EN 55024 17
EN 60950 17
Environmental protection 19
Environmental specifications 14
error-correction algorithms 2
errors 6, 16
ESD 21
EU 17
European Union (EU) requirements 17
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances 19
evice Configuration Identify 26
Execute Device Diagnostics 26
F
FCC verification 18
features 2
Federal Communications Commission 18
Flush Cache 26
Flush Cache Extended 26
Formatted capacity 7
Formatted Gbytes 5
Free Fall Protection feature 17
Freeze Lock 26
G
Gbytes 7
geometry 7
gradient 5
Guaranteed sectors 5, 7
35
guaranteed sectors 7
N
H
noise 12
nominal power 9
Nonoperating shock 15
Nonoperating vibration 15
Nonrecoverable read errors 6
nonrecoverable read errors 16
handling 21
Handling precautions 21
heads 7
Height 5
height 8
humidity 5
I
I/O data-transfer rate 5, 8
Identify 26
Identify Device 26
Identify Device command 28
Idle 10, 27
Idle and Standby timers 13
Idle Immediate 27
Idle mode 5, 13
Idle mode power 10
IEC950 17
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 17
Initialize Device Parameters 26
Input noise ripple 12
Interface 8
interface 24
Interleave 8
Internal data transfer rate 5
Internal data-transfer rate 8
ITE 17
O
Operating shock 14
Operating vibration 15
P
Physical characteristics 8
Physical organization 7
Physical read/write heads 5
point-to-point 3, 22
Power consumption 10
power dissipation 10
power management 13
power on/off cycles 16
Power specifications 10
Power-management modes 13
Power-on to Ready 9
Power-on to ready 5
precautions 21, 23
programmable power management 13
Q
quick reference 4
K
Korean RRL 17
L
latency 5
LBA mode 7
Length 5
length 8
Load/Unload 16
logical geometry 7
M
master/slave 3
Max Address 26
maximum temperature 14
Microcode 26
mounting 23
mounting screws 14
mounting the drive 21
36
R
Radiated RF immunity 16
Radio and television interference 18
radio frequency (RF) 16
random track location 10
Read Buffer 26
Read DMA 26
Read DMA Extended 26
Read DMA without Retries 26
read errors 6, 16
Read Long with Retries 26
Read Long without Retries 26
Read Multiple 26
Read Multiple Extended 26
Read Native Max Address 26
Read Native Max Address Extended 26
Read Sectors 26
Read Sectors Extended 26
Read Sectors without Retries 26
Read Verify Sectors 26
Read Verify Sectors Extended 26
Read Verify Sectors without Retries 26
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Read/write heads 7
Read/write power 5
read/write power and current 10
Recording density 5, 8
Recording method 8
Recording technology 8
Relative humidity 5, 14
Reliability 16
resistance 12
Retries 26
RF 16
RoHS 19
RPM 5
RRL 17
S
S.M.A.R.T. 27
S.M.A.R.T. implementation 26
Safety certification 17
SATA 8, 24
screws 14, 23
sector 7
sectors 7
Sectors per track 7
Security Disable Password 27
Security Erase Prepare 27
Security Erase Unit 27
Security Freeze Lock 27
Security Set Password 27
Security Unlock 27
Seek 26
seek mode 10
Seek power 5
Seek time 9
seek time 5
Seeking 10
Self refresh, low power 13
Serial ATA 8
Serial ATA (SATA) interface 24
serial ATA ports 3
servo electronics 10
Set Features 26
Set Max Address 26
Set Multiple Mode 26
Shock 14
Shock, nonoperating 6
Shock, operating 5, 6
single-track seeks 9
Sleep 10, 27
Sleep mode 5, 13
sound power 6
Specification summary table 4
Spindle speed 5, 8
Spinup 10
spinup power 10
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Standby 10, 27
Standby Immediate 27
Standby mode 5, 10, 13
Standby to Ready 9
Standby to ready 5
Start/stop times 9
Startup current 5
static-discharge 21
support services 1
Surge immunity 16
T
technical support services 1
temperature 5, 9, 14
Temperature gradient 5, 14
timers 13
TPI 5
Track density 5, 8
Track-to-track seek time 5, 9
TUV North America 17
U
UL 1950 17
V
Vibration 15
Vibration, nonoperating 6
Vibration, operating 6
Voltage dips, interrupts 16
Voltage tolerance 5, 12
W
Warranty 16
Weight 5
weight 8
Wet bulb temperature 5, 14
Width 5
width 8
Write Buffer 27
Write DMA 27
Write DMA Extended 27
Write Long with Retries 27
Write Long without Retries 27
Write Multiple 27
Write Sectors 27
37
38
Momentus Product Manual, Rev. A
Seagate Technology LLC
920 Disc Drive, Scotts Valley, California 95066-4544, USA
Publication Number: 100610629, Rev. A
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