Behringer MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User manual

Behringer MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User manual
User Manual
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
Ultra-Flexible MIDI Foot Controller with 2 Expression Pedals
and MIDI Merge Function
behringer.com
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
Table of Contents
Important Safety Instructions....................................... 3
Legal Disclaimer.............................................................. 3
Limited Warranty............................................................ 3
1. Introduction................................................................ 5
1.1 Before you get started....................................................... 5
1.2 The user’s manual................................................................ 5
1.3 Control elements................................................................. 5
2. Programming the FCB1010........................................ 6
2.1 Selecting BANKS and PRESETS....................................... 6
2.2 Global configuration.......................................................... 7
2.3 Quick start guide for PRESET programming.............. 8
2.4 Detailed PRESET programming...................................... 8
2.5 Controller toggle function............................................. 10
2.6 TAP-TEMPO function........................................................ 10
2.7 Data storage........................................................................ 11
2.8 Restoring factory presets............................................... 12
2.9 Calibrating expression pedals A and B...................... 12
3. Applications.............................................................. 12
3.1 Basic setup............................................................................ 13
3.2 Expanded setup (using the switch function).......... 13
3.3 Connections (general)..................................................... 13
4. MIDI—A Standard, A Revolution............................ 13
4.1 MIDI connections............................................................... 13
4.2 MIDI data format................................................................ 14
5. MIDI Implementation............................................... 14
6. Specifications............................................................ 15
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
Important Safety
Instructions
Terminals marked with this symbol carry
electrical current of sufficient magnitude to
constitute risk of electric shock. Use only
high-quality commercially-available speaker cables with
1/4" TS plugs pre-installed. All other installation or
modification should be performed only by
qualified personnel.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized
or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding-type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an
electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or
pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles,
and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Use only attachments/accessories specified by
the manufacturer.
12. Use only with the
cart, stand, tripod, bracket,
or table specified by the
manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart
is used, use caution when
moving the cart/apparatus
combination to avoid
This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you
to the presence of uninsulated dangerous
voltage inside the enclosure - voltage that
may be sufficient to constitute a risk of shock.
This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you
to important operating and maintenance
instructions in the accompanying literature.
Please read the manual.
Caution
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not
remove the top cover (or the rear section).
No user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to
qualified personnel.
Caution
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this appliance to rain and
moisture. The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping
or splashing liquids and no objects filled with liquids, such
as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen
into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed
to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
15. The apparatus shall be connected to a MAINS socket
outlet with a protective earthing connection.
16. Where the MAINS plug or an appliance coupler is
used as the disconnect device, the disconnect device shall
remain readily operable.
Caution
These service instructions are for use
by qualified service personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any
servicing other than that contained in the operation
instructions. Repairs have to be performed by qualified
service personnel.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
Limit
§ 1 Warranty
[1] This limited warranty is valid only if you purchased
the product from a BEHRINGER authorized dealer in the
country of purchase. A list of authorized dealers can be
found on BEHRINGER’s website behringer.com under
“Where to Buy“, or you can contact the BEHRINGER office
closest to you.
[2] MUSIC Group* warrants the mechanical and
electronic components of this product to be free of defects
in material and workmanship if used under normal
operating conditions for a period of one (1) year from
the original date of purchase (see the Limited Warranty
terms in § 4 below), unless a longer minimum warranty
period is mandated by applicable local laws. If the product
shows any defects within the specified warranty period
and that defect is not excluded under § 4, MUSIC Group
shall, at its discretion, either replace or repair the product
using suitable new or reconditioned product or parts.
In case MUSIC Group decides to replace the entire product,
this limited warranty shall apply to the replacement
product for the remaining initial warranty period, i.e.,
one (1) year (or otherwise applicable minimum warranty
period) from the date of purchase of the original product.
[3] Upon validation of the warranty claim, the repaired
or replacement product will be returned to the user freight
prepaid by MUSIC Group.
[4] Warranty claims other than those indicated above
are expressly excluded.
PLEASE RETAIN YOUR SALES RECEIPT. IT IS YOUR PROOF
OF PURCHASE COVERING YOUR LIMITED WARRANTY.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS VOID WITHOUT SUCH PROOF
OF PURCHASE.
§ 2 Online registration
Please do remember to register your new BEHRINGER
equipment right after your purchase at behringer.com
under “Support” and kindly read the terms and conditions
of our limited warranty carefully. Registering your
purchase and equipment with us helps us process
your repair claims quicker and more efficiently.
Thank you for your cooperation!
§ 3 Return materials authorization
Legal Disclaimer
Technical specifications and appearance are subject to change without
notice. The information contained herein is correct at the time of printing.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners. MUSIC Group
accepts no liability for any loss which may be suffered by any person
who relies either wholly or in part upon any description, photograph or
statement contained herein. Colors and specifications may vary slightly from
product. BEHRINGER products are sold through authorized dealers only.
Distributors and dealers are not agents of MUSIC Group and have absolutely
no authority to bind MUSIC Group by any express or implied undertaking
or representation. This manual is copyrighted. No part of this manual may
be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying and recording of any kind, for any
purpose, without the express written permission of Red Chip Company Ltd.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
© 2010 Red Chip Company Ltd.
Trident Chambers, Wickhams Cay, P.O. Box 146,
Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
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Limited Warranty
[1] To obtain warranty service, please contact the
retailer from whom the equipment was purchased.
Should your BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your
vicinity, you may contact the BEHRINGER distributor for
your country listed under “Support” at behringer.com.
If your country is not listed, please check if your problem
can be dealt with by our “Online Support” which may
also be found under “Support” at behringer.com.
Alternatively, please submit an online warranty claim at
behringer.com BEFORE returning the product. All inquiries
must be accompanied by a description of the problem
and the serial number of the product. After verifying
the product’s warranty eligibility with the original sales
receipt, MUSIC Group will then issue a Return Materials
Authorization (“RMA”) number.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
[2] Subsequently, the product must be returned in
its original shipping carton, together with the return
authorization number to the address indicated by
MUSIC Group.
[3] Shipments without freight prepaid will not
be accepted.
§ 4 Warranty Exclusions
[1] This limited warranty does not cover consumable
parts including, but not limited to, fuses and batteries.
Where applicable, MUSIC Group warrants the valves or
meters contained in the product to be free from defects in
material and workmanship for a period of ninety (90) days
from date of purchase.
[2] This limited warranty does not cover the product
if it has been electronically or mechanically modified
in any way. If the product needs to be modified or
adapted in order to comply with applicable technical
or safety standards on a national or local level, in any
country which is not the country for which the product
was originally developed and manufactured, this
modification/adaptation shall not be considered a defect
in materials or workmanship. This limited warranty does
not cover any such modification/adaptation, regardless
of whether it was carried out properly or not. Under the
terms of this limited warranty, MUSIC Group shall not
be held responsible for any cost resulting from such a
modification/adaptation.
[3] This limited warranty covers only the product
hardware. It does not cover technical assistance for
hardware or software usage and it does not cover
any software products whether or not contained in
the product. Any such software is provided “AS IS”
unless expressly provided for in any enclosed software
limited warranty.
[4] This limited warranty is invalid if the factoryapplied serial number has been altered or removed from
the product.
[5] Free inspections and maintenance/repair work
are expressly excluded from this limited warranty, in
particular, if caused by improper handling of the product
by the user. This also applies to defects caused by normal
wear and tear, in particular, of faders, crossfaders,
potentiometers, keys/buttons, guitar strings, illuminants
and similar parts.
[6] Damage/defects caused by the following conditions
are not covered by this limited warranty:
• improper handling, neglect or failure to operate the
unit in compliance with the instructions given in
BEHRINGER user or service manuals;
• connection or operation of the unit in any way
that does not comply with the technical or safety
regulations applicable in the country where the
product is used;
• damage/defects caused by acts of God/Nature
(accident, fire, flood, etc) or any other condition that
is beyond the control of MUSIC Group.
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[7] Any repair or opening of the unit carried out by
unauthorized personnel (user included) will void the
limited warranty.
[8] If an inspection of the product by MUSIC Group
shows that the defect in question is not covered by the
limited warranty, the inspection costs are payable by
the customer.
[9] Products which do not meet the terms of this
limited warranty will be repaired exclusively at the buyer’s
expense. MUSIC Group or its authorized service center will
inform the buyer of any such circumstance. If the buyer
fails to submit a written repair order within 6 weeks after
notification, MUSIC Group will return the unit C.O.D. with
a separate invoice for freight and packing. Such costs will
also be invoiced separately when the buyer has sent in a
written repair order.
[10] Authorized BEHRINGER dealers do not sell new
products directly in online auctions. Purchases made
through an online auction are on a “buyer beware” basis.
Online auction confirmations or sales receipts are not
accepted for warranty verification and MUSIC Group will
not repair or replace any product purchased through an
online auction.
§ 5 Warranty transferability
This limited warranty is extended exclusively to the
original buyer (customer of authorized retail dealer) and
is not transferable to anyone who may subsequently
purchase this product. No other person (retail dealer, etc.)
shall be entitled to give any warranty promise on behalf
of MUSIC Group.
§ 6 Claim for damage
Subject only to the operation of mandatory applicable
local laws, MUSIC Group shall have no liability to the buyer
under this warranty for any consequential or indirect
loss or damage of any kind. In no event shall the liability
of MUSIC Group under this limited warranty exceed the
invoiced value of the product.
§ 7 Limitation of liability
This limited warranty is the complete and exclusive
warranty between you and MUSIC Group. It supersedes
all other written or oral communications related to this
product. MUSIC Group provides no other warranties for
this product.
§ 8 Other warranty rights and
national law
[1] This limited warranty does not exclude or limit the
buyer’s statutory rights as a consumer in any way.
[2] The limited warranty regulations mentioned herein
are applicable unless they constitute an infringement of
applicable mandatory local laws.
[3] This warranty does not detract from the seller’s
obligations in regard to any lack of conformity of the
product and any hidden defect.
§ 9 Amendment
Warranty service conditions are subject to change without
notice. For the latest warranty terms and conditions
and additional information regarding MUSIC Group’s
limited warranty, please see complete details online at
behringer.com.
* MUSIC Group Macao Commercial Offshore Limited of
Rue de Pequim No. 202-A, Macau Finance Centre 9/J, Macau,
including all MUSIC Group companies
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
1. Introduction
Congratulations! With the BEHRINGER MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 you
purchased an ultra-flexible controller unit for a wide range of applications,
whether you are a guitarist, keyboard player or studio engineer: 10 BANKS
with 10 PRESETS each and two fully user-programmable expression pedals will
give you enough flexibility to manage your MIDI equipment. Guitar players
will particularly appreciate the option of selecting channels using two analog
SWITCHES, as they allow you to fully control both amplifier and effects from one
“switching center”. And with its ultra-rugged enclosure and built-in power supply
the FCB1010 is absolutely ready for the road, too. The easy-to-use programming
interface gives you fun instead of frustration, and invites you to fully exploit the
capabilities of your MIDI equipment.
◊ The following user’s manual is intended to familiarize you with the
unit’s control elements, so that you can master all the functions.
After having thoroughly read the user’s manual, store it at a safe place
for future reference.
1.1 Before you get started
1.1.1 Shipment
The FCB1010 was carefully packed at the factory to assure secure transport.
Should the condition of the cardboard box suggest that damage may have taken
place, please inspect the unit immediately and look for physical indications
of damage.
Power is delivered via the cable enclosed with the unit. All requiered safety
precautions have been adhered to.
◊ Please make sure that the unit is grounded at all times. For your own
protection, you should never tamper with the grounding of the cable
or the unit itself. The unit shall always be connected to a mains socket
outlet with a protective earthing connection.
1.1.3 Warranty
Please take a few minutes and send us the completely filled out warranty
card within 14 days of the date of purchase. You may also register online at
behringer.com. The serial number needed for the registration is located at the top
of the unit. Failure to register your product may void future warranty claims.
1.2 The user’s manual
The user’s manual is designed to give you both an overview of the control
elements, as well as detailed information on how to use them. In order to help
you understand the links between the controls, we have arranged them in
groups according to their function. If you need to know more about specific
issues, please visit our website at behringer.com, where you’ll find additional
information on mixing consoles, effects units and dynamic processors.
1.3 Control elements
1.3.1 Front panel
◊ Damaged units should NEVER be sent directly to us. Please inform the
dealer from whom you acquired the unit immediately as well as the
transportation company from which you took delivery of the unit.
Otherwise, all claims for replacement/repair may be rendered invalid.
[5]
[6]
◊ To assure optimal protection of your FCB1010 during use or transport,
we recommend utilizing a carrying case.
◊ Please always use the original packaging to avoid damage due to
storage or shipping.
◊ Never let unsupervised children play with the FCB1010 or with
its packaging.
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
◊ Please dispose of all packaging materials in an environmentally-
friendly fashion.
1.1.2 Initial operation
Please make sure the unit is provided with sufficient ventilation, and never place
the FCB1010 on top of an amplifier or in the vicinity of a heater to avoid the risk
of overheating.
◊ Before plugging the unit into a power socket, please make sure you
have selected the correct voltage:
The fuse compartment near the power plug socket contains three triangular
markings. Two of these triangles are opposite one another. The voltage
indicated adjacent to these markings is the voltage to which your unit has
been set up, and can be altered by rotating the fuse compartment by 180°.
ATTENTION: This does not apply to export models that were for example
manufactured only for use with 120 V!
◊ If you alter the unit’s voltage, you must change the fuse accordingly.
The correct value of the fuse needed can be found in the
chapter “Specifications”.
◊ Faulty fuses must be replaced with fuses of appropriate rating without
exception! The correct value of the fuses needed can be found in the
chapter “Specifications”.
Fig. 1.1: Front panel control elements
[1] FOOTSWITCHES 1 through 10/0. These keys are used for changing the
presets, programming, entering values in programming mode and
activating the DIRECT SELECT function (10/0 only).
[2] UP/DOWN keys. These keys are used to navigate through different banks
and programming layers. When in programming mode, use the UP key for
ENTER (confirm) and the DOWN key for ESCAPE (cancel).
◊ When DIRECT SELECT mode is activated (see chapter 2 “PROGRAMMING
THE FCB1010”), the UP/DOWN switches are no longer needed for
BANK selection and are free to perform a special function: in the
GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu you can program them to control the
SWITCH RELAYS (UP: SWITCH 1 RELAY, DOWN: SWITCH 2 RELAY). In this
case, you can toggle between the preprogrammed SWITCH settings,
each time you step on these switches.
[3] EXPRESSION PEDAL A. Allows you to change controller values continuously.
In programming mode, the pedal is used for data entry.
[4] EXPRESSION PEDAL B. Allows you to change controller values continuously.
[5] STATUS LEDs. The yellow LEDs display the current status of the PRESET
programming or GLOBAL CONFIGURATION functions.
[6] LED display. Informs you about the currently selected BANK/PRESET number.
In programming mode, it displays any value changes.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
2. Programming the FCB1010
1.3.2 Rear panel
In this chapter you will learn to program your FCB1010 and adapt it to your
specific MIDI set-up. But don’t worry, you won’t have to learn a programming
language before you could give your FCB1010 a single MIDI command. The unit
will perform all functions for you, one after the other. Simply make and confirm
your choices. If particular functions prompt you to enter a parameter, this will be
covered specifically.
[7]
2.1 Selecting BANKS and PRESETS
[8]
[9]
[10]
Fig. 1.2: Rear panel connectors
[7] FUSE HOLDER / VOLTAGE SELECTOR. Please make sure that your local
voltage matches the voltage indicated on the unit, before you attempt to
connect and operate the FCB1010. Blown fuses may only be replaced by
fuses of the same type and rating. Some models allow for inserting the
fuse holder in two different positions, in order to switch over from 230-V
to 120-V operation, and vice versa. Please note that for 120-V operation
outside Europe, you need to use a fuse of a higher rating (see chapter 6
“Specifications”).
[8] IEC POWER CONNECTOR. Use the enclosed power cord to connect the unit
to the mains.
[9] Use the POWER switch to power up your FCB1010. Always make sure the
POWER switch is in its “Off” setting when you connect the FCB1010 to
the mains.
There are two options to select a BANK and the PRESETS it contains. Which one
you use depends on the DIRECT SELECT parameter in the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION
menu. If DIRECT SELECT is on, you can use the PRESET footswitches to directly
select the BANK number followed by the PRESET number. If DIRECT SELECT is
off, you need to step through the various BANKS (using the UP/DOWN switches),
then select a PRESET from a bank. The default setting is OFF. The illustrations
below show the two options.
2.1.1 DIRECT SELECT deactivated
Let’s assume you wish to select PRESET #1 from BANK #3...
Step 1
Use the UP/DOWN switches to go to the BANK that contains the PRESET of your
choice (here: BANK #3).
Step 2
Select the PRESET you wish to use (here: PRESET #1).
◊ Attention: The POWER switch does not physically disconnect the unit
from the mains. Always unplug the unit from the mains when you do
not plan on using it for prolonged periods of time.
[10] SERIAL NUMBER. Please take the time to have the warranty card filled out
completely, and return it within 14 days after the date of purchase, so as
to be entitled to benefit from our extended warranty. Or use our online
registration option available on the World Wide Web under behringer.com.
[11]
[12]
[13]
Step 2
Step 1
Fig. 1.3: Rear panel connectors
Fig. 2.1: PRESET selection with DIRECT SELECT disabled
[11] SWITCH 1 and 2. Use these jacks to connect your amplifier for channel
selection (mono or stereo phone jack cable).
[12] MIDI IN. The MIDI IN of your FCB1010 connects to a sequencer or similar
device, in order to download the memory data saved before with
the help of the MIDI SysEx function. Additionally, data can be looped
through the FCB1010 and merged with other data using the MIDI MERGE
function. Subsequently, the combined data are available at the MIDI OUT/
THRU connector.
[13] MIDI OUT/THRU. Use this jack to connect the devices you wish to control
from your FCB1010. The SOFT THRU circuit allows you to loop through any
signals present at the MIDI IN of your FCB1010, merge them with the unit’s
own data stream, and finally output the combined data at the MIDI OUT.
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2.1.2 DIRECT SELECT activated
If DIRECT SELECT is on, do as follows to select PRESET #1 from BANK #3
(activating DIRECT SELECT is discussed in ch. 2.2.1):
Step 1
Select the BANK of your choice (here: BANK #3) by stepping on footswitch #3.
Step 2
Select the PRESET you wish to use (here: PRESET #1) by stepping on footswitch #1.
The display shows that preset 31 is selected.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
2.2.1 DIRECT SELECT page
Keep the DOWN/ESCAPE key pressed while you power up the unit. This takes you
to the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu; the green DIRECT SELECT LED lights up.
To activate DIRECT SELECT, press 10/0 key. The red LED lights up. Now, you have
to confirm activating DIRECT SELECT to be able to directly select presets. To do
this, keep DOWN/ESCAPE pressed for 2.5 sec. to exit GLOBAL CONFIGURATION.
The display now shows “00”. Now you can directly select the presets, as described
in ch. 2.1.2.
2.2.2 MIDI channel setting
To get from DIRECT SELECT to MIDI FUNCTION, press UP. The MIDI FUNCTION LED
flashes correspondingly.
Step 2
This is where you determine the MIDI channels that can be sent from the
FCB1010 for various MIDI functions. You can assign different MIDI channels to
MIDI functions, For example, you can control several pieces of equipment from
your FCB1010. The selection of MIDI functions is done via footswitches 1 to 10/0.
MIDI channel 1 is the factory default for all functions.
Step 1
Fig. 2.2: PRESET selection with DIRECT SELECT enabled
As this example shows, the DIRECT SELECT feature gives you a faster access to
BANKS and PRESETS than without this function. Which option to use is entirely up
to you. As long as you need the PRESETS from one BANK only, it will be advisable
to disable the DIRECT SELECT function because this way you can recall a new
preset with only one keystroke.
2.2 Global configuration
In the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu you can set the parameters that apply to
both the PRESETS and FUNCTIONS of your FCB1010 (e.g. MIDI channel selection,
SysEx SEND & RCV, DIRECT SELECT etc.). Keep the DOWN switch pressed during
power-up for about 2.5 sec to enter GLOBAL CONFIGURATION mode.
Switch
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10/0
MIDI function
PRG CHG 1
PRG CHG 2
PRG CHG 3
PRG CHG 4
PRG CHG 5
CNT 1
CNT 2
EXP A
EXP B
NOTE
Tab. 2.1: Footswitches and assigned MIDI functions
The DIRECT SELECT LED in the display lights up.
You can use the UP and DOWN keys to navigate through GLOBAL CONFIGURATION
main pages. Pressing UP leafs through the pages forward, pressing DOWN leafs
the pages backward. A corresponding LED indicates what page you are on.
• After selecting a MIDI function by pressing one of the footswitches,
the respective footswitch LED starts to blink.
• Press UP/ENTER to confirm the selected MIDI function. The MIDI CHAN.
LED lights up.
• Choose the MIDI channel for the selected function, either directly via
SELECT
MIDI CHANNEL
CONFIG.
UP
DOWN
SELECT
MIDI FUNCTION
footswitches 1 through 10/0 or by using the EXPRESSION PEDAL A.
Your selection is shown in the display.
• Press UP/ENTER to confirm the chosen value and to go to the next level,
or press DOWN/ESCAPE to cancel.
DOWN
UP
DOWN
2.2.3 CONFIG page
The CONFIG LED lights up if you are on CONFIGURATION page. The following
functions, recalled via the footswitches (as in table 2.2), are at your disposal:
DIRECT SELECT
Switch
1
GLOBAL
CONFIGURATION
2
6
Fig. 2.3: GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu structure
To leave GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu, you need to press the DOWN/ESCAPE key
for at least 2.5 sec.
7
8
◊ Only keeping the DOWN/ESCAPE key pressed for at least 2.5 sec. saves
your newly entered settings!
9
Function
Action
Determines whether the UP switch controls SWITCH 1 relay
("toggle") with DIRECT SELECT on.
Determines whether the DOWN switch controls Switch 2 relay
SWITCH 2
("toggle") with DIRECT SELECT on.
SYSEX SEND
Sends the entire memory as a sysex dump.
When this switch is pressed, the FCB1010 waits for the reception
SYSEX RCV
of system-exclusive data. Switch LED goes out when the data
have been received correctly.
Allows to merge MIDI IN data with FCB1010-generated data.
MERGE
The combined data stream is subsequently output at the MIDI OUT.
Enables/disables Running Status feature. Serves to make efficient
use of the MIDI transmission rate. The MIDI Status Byte from the
RUNNING STATUS
Expression Pedals is sent only if it differs from the preceding
Status Byte.
SWITCH 1
Tab. 2.2: Assignment of footswitches in CONFIGURATION setup menu
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
◊ External equipment, for example guitar or bass amps, can be controlled
by using SWITCH 1 and 2 outputs of the FCB1010. If the FCB1010 triggers
this function, you should first check if the piece of equipment you are
trying to control reacts to connection state (contact open or closed)
or current feed (contact closed as long as the switch is depressed).
BEHRINGER guitar and bass amps react to current feeds. Therefore,
when you wish to remotely control channel change on a BEHRINGER
guitar amp not via MIDI but via switch outputs (because you have no
MIDI cable at your disposal), you have to power off switch 1 & 2 LEDs in
GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu under CONFIG. These LEDs are on in the
default setting and indicate that programmed connection state is kept.
Switch
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10/0
MIDI funktion
PRG CHG 1
PRG CHG 2
PRG CHG 3
PRG CHG 4
PRG CHG 5
CNT 1
CNT 2
EXP A
EXP B
NOTE
Action
Program change command #1
Program change command #2
Program change command #3
Program change command #4
Program change command #5
Controller 1
Controller 2
Expression Pedal A
Expression Pedal B
Transmits a MIDI note
Basically, CONFIGURATION mode functions are active as long as the corresponding
footswitch LED is lit.
Tab. 2.3: Footswitch assignment in PRESET programming mode
2.3 Quick start guide for PRESET programming
◊ MIDI channel adjustment for the respective MIDI functions is not done
UP
VALUE 1
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER, in order to start programming the
UP
NUMBER
VALUE 2
UP
SELECT
during preset programming; it is done in GLOBAL CONFIGURATION on
MIDI FUNCTION page (see ch. 2.2.2).
selected MIDI function, or cancel with DOWN/ESCAPE. Use footswitches
1 through 10/0 or EXPRESSION PEDAL A to enter the parameter values of
your choice.
• If you have selected PROGRAM CHANGE as the MIDI function to be edited,
UP
UP
DOWN
SWITCH
Fig. 2.4: PRESET programming
For each of the 100 PRESETS you can determine which MIDI functions shall be
transmitted as soon as you select the respective PRESET. For instance, you can
send five different program change commands, two controller commands,
two different controller values (using the expression pedals) and a Note On
command to the connected equipment at the same time (menu structure as in
fig. 2.4). It is up to you to determine, which commands are stored in a Preset.
Do as follows to program the functions to be sent with each PRESET:
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Press DOWN for more than 2.5 sec to enter PRESET programming mode.
The number in the display disappears while the green SWITCH 1/SWITCH2
LED in the display starts flashing.
• Use footswitches 1 and 2 to edit the status of the SWITCHES. The current
status is indicated by the foot- switch LED and the corresponding
SWITCH LED in the acrylic display. For further details see chapter 3.3
“Connections (general)”.
◊ Please note that the status of the SWITCHES can also be toggled with
UP (SWITCH 1) and DOWN (SWITCH 2) if DIRECT SELECT is enabled.
The only prerequisite is that this function has been enabled for both
SWITCHES in the CONFIGURATION menu.
you can now enter a program change number from 1 through 128 and
confirm your selection with UP/ENTER.
• If you have selected CNT1 or CNT2, you can now enter the number of the
controller to be sent (0 through 127) when you press the corresponding
footswitch. After confirming your selection with UP/ENTER you can select a
controller value (0 through 127). Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER.
• If you have selected EXP A or EXP B, you can now enter the controller
number the EXPRESSION PEDAL of your choice is aimed to send values for.
Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER and enter the lower value (pedal up).
Confirm with UP/ENTER.
Afterwards, enter the upper value (pedal pressed down completely)
and confirm once again with UP/ENTER.
◊ Please keep in mind that the first controller value always has to be
lower than the second controller value!
◊ You can quit the programming mode at any time by means of a long
press on DOWN. Any confirmed entries will be stored with the currently
selected PRESET.
◊ How to program the NOTE function is explained in chapter 2.4.6.
2.4 Detailed PRESET programming
2.4.1 Preset copy function
The preset copy function copies an already programmed preset to a new preset of
your choice. This saves you time, since you do not have to repeat all adjustments
for each newly programmed preset.
• Confirm with UP/ENTER. The SELECT LED in the display lights up.
• Activate CONFIG in the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION (see chapter 2.2).
• Activate individual MIDI functions by keeping the respective footswitch
• Now, press footswitch 5 to activate the copy function. The VALUE 1 LED lights
depressed for roughly 1.5 sec. Footswitch LEDs indicate the activated
footswitches of the respective MIDI functions. As long as the display
indicates SELECT, you can activate MIDI functions and select them for editing
by briefly pressing the corresponding footswitch. The selected footswitch
LED and the display blink during selection and activation. The NUMBER LED is
also lit. The following MIDI functions are available for selection:
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up. The number in the display and the footswitch LED start flashing.
• Enter the number of the preset you wish to copy and confirm your selection
with UP/ENTER. The VALUE 2 LED lights up. The number in the display and
the footswitch LED start flashing.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
◊ Presets 1 - 10 are stored in bank 0, presets 11 - 20 in bank 1, and so on.
• Enter the target preset and confirm your selection with UP/ENTER, or cancel
with DOWN/ESCAPE.
• If you want to copy further presets, please press footswitch 5 again.
Press and hold DOWN/ESCAPE to quit the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION.
2.4.2 Programming switches
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Press DOWN for more than 2.5 sec to enter PRESET programming mode.
The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display starts flashing.
• Enable/disable the SWITCHES using footswitches 1 and/or 2 and confirm your
selection with UP/ENTER. The corresponding footswitch and SWITCH LEDs
light up.
• Exit PRESET programming mode through keeping the DOWN/ESCAPE key
for a few seconds, or press the UP/ENTER key in order to get to the next
page, where you can edit various MIDI functions for the preset selected at
the beginning.
2.4.3 Programming program changes
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Keep the DOWN/ESCAPE key pressed longer than 2.5 sec. to get to the
programming mode. The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display
starts flashing.
• Use the UP/ENTER key to get to the next page. The SELECT LED in the display
is lit.
◊ To program a MIDI function, you have to first activate it. Individual MIDI
functions are activated by keeping the corresponding keys pressed for
a few seconds. Active MIDI functions are indicated by a permanently lit
footswitch LED.
• Select the PROGRAM CHANGE you wish to program for the selected
PRESET by briefly pressing the respective footswitch (footswitches 1 to 5).
The footswitch LED blinks.
• Confirm your selection by pressing UP/ENTER. The NUMBER LED in the display
lights up.
• Enter the program change command (1 bis 128) via the footswitch or
expression pedal A.
• Confirm your selection by pressing UP/ENTER or cancel by pressing
DOWN/ESCAPE. The SELECT LED in the display lights up.
• Select an additional MIDI function you wish to edit or exit the PRESET
programming mode by keeping the DOWN/ESCAPE key for a few seconds.
2.4.4 Programming CONTROL CHANGES
◊ To program a MIDI function, you have to first activate it. Individual MIDI
functions are activated by keeping the corresponding keys pressed for
a few seconds. Active MIDI functions are indicated by a permanently lit
footswitch LED.
• Keep the corresponding footswitch (foot key 6 or 7) pressed for a few
seconds to activate the controller you wish to edit. The controller is selected
by pressing the key briefly again. The LED blinks.
• Confirm your selection by pressing UP/ENTER. The NUMBER LED in the display
lights up.
• Enter the desired controller number (0 to 127) by using the foot keys or the
expression pedal A.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The VALUE 1 LED in the display
lights up.
• Use the footswitches 1 through 10/0 or EXPRESSION PEDAL A to enter the
controller value (0 through 127).
◊ To correct your selection, use the DOWN/ESCAPE key to go one
step backward.
• Confirm your selection by pressing UP/ENTER. The SELECT LED in the display
lights up.
• Select an additional MIDI function you wish to edit or quit the PRESET
programming mode by keeping DOWN/ESCAPE pressed for a few seconds.
2.4.5 Programming EXPRESSION PEDALS A/B
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Keep DOWN pressed for more than 2.5 sec to enter PRESET programming
mode. The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display starts flashing.
• Use UP/ENTER to get to the next page. The SELECT LED in the display begins
to light up.
◊ To program a MIDI function, you have to first activate it. Individual MIDI
functions are activated by keeping the corresponding keys pressed for
a few seconds. Active MIDI functions are indicated by a permanently lit
footswitch LED.
• Activate the expression pedal you wish to program by keeping the
corresponding foot key pressed for a few seconds (foot keys 8 or 9). The foot
key LED blinks after you briefly press the foot key yet again.
• Confirm with UP/ENTER. The NUMBER LED lights up.
• Enter the control nunmber (0 bis 127) via the footswitches or the expression
pedal A.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The VALUE 1 LED lights up.
• Enter the value to be transmitted when the pedal is completely open by
using the foot keys or the expression pedal A.
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The VALUE 2 LED lights up.
• Keep DOWN pressed for more than 2.5 sec to enter PRESET programming
• Enter the value to be transmitted when the pedal is completely pressed
mode. The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display starts flashing.
• Use the UP/ENTER key to get to the next page. The SELECT LED in the display
lights up.
downward by using the foot keys or the expression pedal A.
◊ Use DOWN/ESCAPE to go one step backward.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The SELECT LED lights up.
• Quit PRESET programming mode by means of a long press on DOWN,
or select another MIDI function for editing.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
2.4.6 Programming the NOTE function
The NOTE function allows you to send a MIDI note, for example, to use the
tap-tempo features offered by many MIDI devices or to play sounds the same way
you would on a keyboard.
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Keep DOWN pressed for more than 2.5 sec to enter PRESET programming
mode. The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display starts flashing.
• Use UP/ENTER to get to the next page. The SELECT LED in the display begins
to light up.
◊ To program a MIDI function, you have to first activate it. Individual MIDI
functions are activated by keeping the corresponding keys pressed for
a few seconds. Active MIDI functions are indicated by a permanently lit
footswitch LED.
• Keep footswitch 10/0 pressed for a few seconds to activate the NOTE
function. Pressing the footswitch briefly once again makes the footswitch
LED blink.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The NUMBER LED lights up.
• Use the footswitches 1 through 10/0 or EXPRESSION PEDAL A to enter the
MIDI NOTE number you wish to send with the PRESET. You can choose from
the values 0 through 127.
The table below shows which musical notes are assigned to which MIDI notes
(with a detailed list for the octave from C-2 to C-1; simply use this pattern to
assign the remaining notes/octaves yourself).
Musical Note
MIDI Note Number
C-2
C#-2/Db-2
D-2
D#-2/Eb-2
E-2
F-2
F#-2/Gb-2
G-2
G#-2/Ab-2
A-2
A#-2/Bb-2
B-2
C-1
C0
C1
C2
C3 (Clef C)
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
G8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
24
36
48
60 (Yamaha Convention)
72
84
96
108
120
127
Tab. 2.4: Assignment of MIDI NOTE numbers
• Confirm your selection by pressing UP/ENTER or cancel by pressing
DOWN/ESCAPE. The SELECT LED in the display lights up.
• Select an additional MIDI function you wish to edit or exit the PRESET
programming mode by keeping DOWN/ESCAPE pressed for a few seconds.
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The NOTE function will be particularly useful for so-called tap-tempo
applications. Many of today’s multi-effects devices allow the user to enter the
delay time by means of an on-board TAP button. The device measures the time
between two TAP button presses and uses this interval to adjust the delay time.
Often, this function can be remotely controlled via MIDI. In this case, “tapping” is
the transmission of two subsequent NOTE ON commands, which is what the NOTE
function of your FCB1010 does for you. For example, this is how a sequencing
software can be launched or closed.
◊ If you program the NOTE function with a PRESET, a NOTE ON command
will be sent each time you select the PRESET. Getting your foot off the
switch transmits the NOTE OFF command.
◊ To “tap” the tempo, simply press the PRESET switch several times in the
rhythm of the music.
◊ CNT 1 is always transmitted together with the note on command.
For example, it can be used for sending a volume value (number 07)
together with a note to trigger a sound. When the controller’s
operation is not desired, it can either be relayed to an unused MIDI
channel in GLOBAL CONFIGURATION (this channel is then valid for
all presets) or an unused controller number can be assigned to the
controller (can be done for each individual preset).
2.5 Controller toggle function
This function allows you to configure one controller so that it alternately sends
two different values, e.g. effect bypass, drive on/off, etc.
• In order to enable the controller switch-over function, you need to globally
select the same MIDI channel for CNT1 and CNT2 (see chapter 2.2), and enter
the same controller number for CNT1 and CNT2 in the preset (NUMBER,
see chapter 2.4.4).
The first time you recall the preset, it will send the controller value of CNT1
(VALUE 1), with each additional key press you can alternate between CNT2
and CNT1. Example: Select preset 1 without DRIVE function on the BEHRINGER
V-AMP—each time you press the same button again, DRIVE will be switched
on or off respectively: PROG CHG 1 = 1, CNT 1 NUMBER = 26, VALUE 1 = 0, CNT 2
NUMBER = 26, VALUE 1 = 127.
2.6 TAP-TEMPO function
In addition to the NOTE function, which is used by many effects devices to
“tap” the song tempo, the FCB1010 offers you another way to reach this goal:
the TAP-TEMPO function also allows you to enter the song tempo, however,
transmits a FCB1010-generated controller value to the controlled effects device,
in order to adjust the delay time. Advantage: you can also control devices that
cannot process NOTE commands, but only allow for changing the delay time by
means of a MIDI controller.
◊ The TAP-TEMPO function does not work with DIRECT SELECT enabled.
The TAP-TEMPO function has no dedicated switch, but is activated as follows:
• Select the PRESET you wish to edit.
• Keep the DOWN/ESCAPE key pressed longer than 2.5 sec. to get to the
programming mode. The green SWITCH 1/SWITCH 2 LED in the display
starts flashing.
• Use the UP/ENTER key to get to the next page. The SELECT LED in the display
is lit.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
◊ To program a MIDI function, you have to first activate it. Individual MIDI
functions are activated by keeping the corresponding keys pressed for
a few seconds. Active MIDI functions are indicated by a permanently lit
footswitch LED.
• Select the NOTE function you wish to edit by keeping the 10/0 key
pressed for a few seconds and then consequently tap it once again briefly.
The footswitch LED blinks.
• Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The NUMBER LED lights up.
• Enter the maximal possible delay time value for the equipment you wish to
control. Calculate the value that is to be entered for NOTE by dividing the
maximum delay time value by 10 ms. Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER.
The SELECT LED lights up.
◊ Please note that the FCB1010 allows for a maximum delay time of
1,270 ms, which is due to the MIDI standard’s maximum resolution of
7 bits (= 128 values).
• Activate control change 1 (CNT 1) by keeping the footswitch 6 pressed for a
few seconds. The footswitch LED lights up and is activated by briefly tapping
the footswitch (the LED blinks).
• Press UP/ENTER again. Now the FCB1010 prompts you to enter a controller
number. The NUMBER LED lights up. Enter the controller number which
the manufacturer of your effects device has preset for delay time changes.
Confirm your selection with UP/ENTER. The VAL1 LED lights up.
2.7 Data storage
2.7.1 2.7.1 Saving the FCB1010 memory with the help of
SysEx dumps
The FCB1010 allows you to transmit PRESETS in the form of system-exclusive
data to a sequencer or other MIDI recorder. In this way, you can save your data or
manage several MIDI set-ups (e.g. studio equipment, guitar equipment, etc.).
If you wish to save your data on an external sequencer/computer, please follow
the instructions below:
• Connect the MIDI OUT of your FCB1010 to the MIDI IN of your
sequencer/computer (see fig. 2.5)
• Keep the DOWN switch pressed roughly 2.5 sec during power-up to enter the
GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu.
• Press UP until the CONFIGURATION LED lights up. Now the unit is in
CONFIGURATION mode.
• Start the RECORD function on your sequencer/computer. The footswitch
LED lights up and is no longer lit up when all SysEx data from the FCB1010
have been transmitted. Then press footswitch #6 to dump the FCB1010
data. Quit the GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu by means of a long press on
DOWN/ESCAPE.
• The VALUE to be entered now corresponds to the upper limit of the
parameter range determined by the controlled device. That might sound
a bit confusing, but it’s quite easy: the manual that came with the device
usually contains an effects table listing the parameter range to be input via
MIDI in order to control the delay time. For example, the device might use
the entire range from 0 through 127; or a limited range from 0 through 63,
and so on. So, the VALUE parameter simply determines the resolution with
which the delay time can be programmed. The higher the value, the higher
the resolution.
Midi In
• Confirm your entry with UP/ENTER. The SELECT LED lights up.
• Disable Control Change 1 (CNT 1) by means of a long foot- switch press on
Midi Out
footswitch #6. This is necessary because otherwise each time you select the
PRESET used for tempo tapping, the FCB1010 would transmit the controller
defined here (including the adjusted VALUE parameter), instead of the
FCB1010-generated value.
• Quit PRESET programming mode by means of a long press on DOWN.
Now, the TAP-TEMPO function is ready for use.
To use the tap-tempo feature, press the footswitch (which selects the PRESET
just programmed) twice in the rhythm of the music, e.g. every crotchet or quaver
note. The FCB1010 will calculate the delay time and send it to the receiving
device, by means of the controller you selected before. If the interval between
the two footswitch presses is greater than the maximum NOTE/NUMBER value,
the FCB1010 will divide the time by 2 until it is equal to or smaller than the
maximum value. Thus, a crotchet delay becomes a quaver or semiquaver delay,
depending on which value can be processed in the receiving device.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
Fig. 2.5: Sending a SysEx-Dump
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
2.7.2 Receiving SysEx dumps
To send back FCB1010 data stored on a sequencer/computer before, please follow
the instructions below:
• Connect the MIDI OUT connector of your sequencer or computer to the MIDI
IN connector of the FCB1010 (see fig. 2.6).
• Keep the DOWN switch pressed during power-up to enter the
GLOBAL CONFIGURATION menu.
• Press UP until the CONFIGURATION LED lights up. Now the unit is in
Keep the respective footswitches pressed for roughly 2.5 sec while powering
up your FCB1010. The displays reads “09” to “00” and the points are blinking.
When the points are no longer shown, your FCB1010 has been reset to factory
defaults and is ready for operation.
2.9 Calibrating expression pedals A and B
Should you experience problems with exact MIDI controller data transmission
while using the expression pedals, we recommend calibrating the pedals.
Calibrating the pedals follows the complition of the FCB1010 self-test.
◊ All software versions 1.4 and newer allow for direct calibration by
CONFIGURATION mode.
• Press footswitch #7 (SYSEX RCV) to “tell” the FCB1010 to wait for system-
exclusive data (the footswitch LED lights up). Start the PLAYBACK function
on your sequencer/computer to play back the previously stored file. The footswitch LED flashes while the FCB1010 is receiving data. Once the data have
been received correctly, the LED dies out. Now your programs are back in the
FCB1010’s memory. Quit GLOBAL CONFIGURATION mode by means of a long
press on DOWN.
keeping the switches 1 and 5 pressed while powering up the unit.
If your FCB1010 features the software version 1.4 or higher, skip the
first 4 steps in the set of instructions that follow (i.e. start at point
number 5). To find if your unit features version 1.4 or higher of the
software, first try keeping the switches 1 and 5 pressed while powering
up the unit. If nothing happens, start calibrating your FCB1010
beginning with the first step in the list that follows.
• Keep the switches 1 and 3 pressed while powering up the unit. This puts
your FCB1010 into self-test mode, and all LEDs are being tested.
• Please wait until all switch LEDs light up. Then press all the switches,
including the UP/ENTER and DOWN/ESCAPE keys, so that all LEDs are
turned off.
• Wait for a moment while the relay test is completed (four quiet cliking
Midi Out
sounds are heard). The display shows F1 if no MIDI connection is present.
If you connected MIDI Out to MIDI In, the display shows A1. In this case,
the MIDI connections operate correctly.
• Press DOWN/ESCAPE once.
• Move the expression pedal A to the lowest value possible (pedal open).
Midi In
The VALUE 1 LED lights up. When the value is adjusted, press the
UP/ENTER key.
• Move the expression pedal A to the highest value possible (pressed down all
the way). The VALUE 2 LED lights up. When the value is adjusted, press the
UP/ENTER key.
• Move the expression pedal B to the lowest value possible. When the value is
adjusted, press the UP/ENTER key.
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
• Move the expression pedal B to the highest value possible. When the value is
adjusted, press the UP/ENTER key.
Fig. 2.6: Receiving a SysEx dump
Both pedals are now correctly calibrated.
2.8 Restoring factory presets
3. Applications
This function allows you to restore factory defaults of your FCB1010.
Several application examples that should help you with the MIDI setup are
described in this chapter.
◊ In doing so, all preset settings made by you are overwritten!
Resetting your FCB1010 lets you restore various default settings that are
optimized for use with BEHRINGER audio equipment. This is why there are three
different key combinations that let you reload the desired defaults into the
memory of your FCB1010. This key combinations are shown in table 2.5:
Switch
1+6
1+7
1+8
Default setting for
V-AMP family products
BEHRINGER guitar amps
BASS V-AMP product range
Tab. 2.5: Reset key combinations
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As long as your equipment features MIDI connectors, you can control it entirely
via the FCB1010. All you need is a MIDI IN connector at the other end.
No audio signal pass through the FCB1010 and consequently no signal processing
takes place in it either. The FCB1010 merely transmits control data to your MIDI
equipment, so it can for example call up presets, turn effects on or off, or adjust
volume. You can find more detailed information on this subject in chapter 4
“MIDI—A STANDARD, A REVOLUTION.”
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
3.1 Basic setup
The effects processor is controlled via MIDI, while the SWITCH function toggles
the amp. Thus, you’ll need no additional footswitch when you switch between
the channels; instead, your entire setup is centrally controlled from the FCB1010.
Midi In
3.3 Connections (general)
Please use commercial-grade cables with phone plugs to connect the SWITCH
outputs of your FCB1010 to your amplifier. Since these outputs are normalized,
you can send both switching pulses from one SWITCH output, by using a stereo
cable, which is useful in combination with amplifiers that have a stereo phone
jack to select several functions (e.g. channel select and effect on/off). In this case,
please use only one of the two SWITCH outputs with one stereo cable connected.
BLUE DEVIL GX112
Midi Out
◊ Find out whether or not your guitar amp supports a stereo connection
via SWITCH 1 or SWITCH 2. Simply try and experiment to identify the
switching configuration of your amp.
4. MIDI—A Standard, A Revolution
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
Fig. 3.1: Basic setup with a guitar amp
Here, the FCB1010 is used to control a guitar amp that is equipped with a
MIDI interface.
Connect the MIDI OUT jack of your FCB1010 to the MIDI IN of your amp
(see fig. 3.1), using a standard 5-pole MIDI cable. Program your FCB1010 as
described in chapter 2.4. Please refer to the user’s manual of your amp to find out
what functions can be controlled via MIDI.
3.2 Expanded setup (using the switch function)
FX Return
FX
Send
Footswitch In
Input
Output
DSP024P
Midi In
In the early 80’s several leading manufacturers of electronic musical instruments
developed a common standard, which was soon to revolutionize the entire MI
industry—both from a technical and musical point of view. The MIDI standard
(short for: Musical Instruments Digital Interface) was invented to allow musical
instruments of different makes to communicate with each other. What is
surprising in view of the rapidly developing MI industry is the fact that this
standard has basically not changed ever since, because it was designed with
future upgrades in mind. So, the MIDI interface’s range of applications could
be expanded over the years: from the simple connection of several keyboard
instruments to one master keyboard to connecting whole studios and live set-ups
within a single MIDI network—MIDI has become an infinite source of ideas and
innovation. Numerous musicians recognized the versatility of this standard and
created new and exciting worlds of sounds by combining different instruments
to one homogeneous whole. It is important to know that the MIDI interface
transmits no audio signals but only control data (e.g. key, program change or
volume numbers)! MIDI is just an interface for the control and networking of
devices and instruments.
At the heart of this network you could use your FCB1010 to control all of your
amplifiers, effects and peripheral devices. Live on stage and in the studio you
could control your entire equipment in real time. MIDI control data can be
stored and edited on a computer, so that you can also use your FCB1010 to enter
controller and program change information into your computer.
4.1 MIDI connections
BLUE DEVIL GX112
Switch 1
Midi Out
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
Fig. 3.2: Guitar setup (using the switch function)
Here, the FCB1010 is used to control an effects device via MIDI. In addition,
the switch function is used to toggle between the two channels (clean/overdrive)
of the guitar amp. Please connect your effects device via the FX send/return loop
of your amp. Now connect the SWITCH 1 connector with the footswitch input of
your guitar amp. Use a standard jack cable for this purpose. Connect the MIDI OUT
connector of the FCB1010 to the MIDI IN connector of the effects device using a
standard MIDI cable.
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The MIDI connectors on the rear of the unit are on internationally standardized
5-pin DIN jacks. To connect your FCB1010 to other MIDI devices you need
a dedicated MIDI cable. Usually, commercially available cables are used.
However, you can also use a two-conductor shielded cable (e.g. microphone
cable) and two (rugged) 180° DIN plugs to make your own MIDI cable: pin 2
(center) = shield, pins 4 and 5 (right and left of pin 2) = internal conductor,
pins 1 und 3 (the two outer pins) are not used. MIDI cables should not be longer
than 15 meters.
MIDI IN: serves to receive recorded system-exclusive data or to merge any MIDI
signals with FCB1010-generated data.
◊ The FCB1010 has no dedicated MIDI THRU port. However, the data
received at the MIDI IN can be routed to the MIDI OUT provided that the
MERGE function is enabled (GLOBAL CONFIGURATION).
MIDI OUT: The MIDI OUT allows you to transmit data to any MIDI-compatible
device/instrument.
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MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
4.2 MIDI data format
Although the FCB1010 is very easy to operate, it does make sense to know a few
things about the format of MIDI data. Each MIDI command or message consists
of up to three bytes (1 byte = 8 bits). There’s a difference between status bytes
and data bytes: status bytes define the type of a specific MIDI message, i.e. the
actual instruction to be sent to a device, while data bytes contain the information
or parameters defined by the corresponding status byte. One status byte can be
followed by up to two data bytes.
There are various types of MIDI messages. Since the FCB1010 does not understand
or transmit all of them, we will only deal with those that are of importance to you
in this context.
4.2.1 NOTE ON and NOTE OFF messages
NOTE ON and NOTE OFF messages are essential MIDI messages for any keyboard
virtuoso, as they allow to control remote instruments from one master keyboard
or computer. The FCB1010, too, can send NOTE ON messages, however, in a
different context: many effects devices allow for “tapping” delay times, etc.,
by measuring the time interval between two NOTE ON messages. With the
FCB1010 you can “tap” delay times or song tempos by selecting a “NOTE”
PRESET twice.
NOTE ON and NOTE OFF messages feature the following data format:
Note Off
Note On
Status Byte
Data Byte 1
Data Byte 2
&8n (n = Kanalnr.)
&9n (n = Kanalnr.)
Notennr.
Notennr.
Velocity
Velocity
Tab. 4.1: Data format of NOTE ON and NOTE OFF messages
The channel number range is 1 through 16, the data byte range is 0 through 127.
It should be noted though that NOTE OFF messages are not so common today
(for reasons of data reduction, cf. running status). Usually, NOTE ON messages
with zero velocity are transmitted instead. The FCB1010 follows this convention.
By the way: when you program the NOTE function on your FCB1010 you only need
to enter the note number, because notes are always transmitted with a velocity
of 64.
4.2.2 CONTROL CHANGE messages
CONTROL CHANGE messages are the most powerful MIDI messages, as they allow
you to select and automate plenty of parameters and functions. On your FCB1010
you can define and transmit CONTROL CHANGE messages, e.g. to change specific
effects parameters in real time. The most important CONTROL CHANGE messages
are volume control (Controller 07), Balance (08), Panorama (09) and reverb
intensity (91).
4.2.3 PROGRAM CHANGE messages
PROGRAM CHANGE messages are used to change presets or sounds in connected
devices/instruments. The parameter range is 0 through 127.
The values 0 to 127 of the 128 presets are available. Equipment with more than
128 presets has these presets broken down into several banks for MIDI control.
With your FCB1010, it is possible to send MIDI bank and program change
commands by using just one keystroke. An external piece of equipment
(e.g. effects processor, sound module etc.) can be controlled via controllers 1 &
3 in connection with PRG 5 (PROG CHG). In doing so, controllers 1 & 2 are used
as 2-byte bank select controllers, whereby up to 128 (MSB) x 128 (LSB) banks
can be dialed in. Controller 1 needs to contain the number 00 and the MSB bank
value, while controller 2 needs to contain the number 32 and the LSB bank value.
The program change command that activates the preset in the new bank is sent
with PRG 5.
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Almost all devices have a list enclosed which shows the program change number
versus preset number assignment. Some units even allow you to freely assign
program change commands to preset numbers. Please see the corresponding
user’s manual for detailed information.
4.2.4 Running status
Since the MIDI standard uses a serial transmission format, i.e. transmits data
successively, it was soon found that the transmission rate is too low if the system
is exploited to its full capacity. To make up for an audibly delayed transmission
of MIDI data, the so-called running status was introduced, which suppresses
the status byte in two or more identical MIDI messages that follow each
other. For example, if the data bytes of a controller (e.g. volume) are changed
continuously, the corresponding status byte is sent only once. Only the data
byte changes are transmitted, as long as another status byte is sent, i.e. in
each message transmitted you can eliminate 8 bits. This is also the reason why
NOTE OFF messages are no longer used. When a keyboard player plays a scale
on a keyboard and sends these data via MIDI to a computer, each NOTE ON
message would be followed by a NOTE OFF message, each time a key is released.
The running status would identify the NOTE OFF message as a new status byte
and hence send it, which results in a data amount of 8 notes times 8 bits, i.e. 192
bits. Since NOTE ON messages belong to those MIDI messages that are used most
often, it was decided to send NOTE ON messages with zero velocity instead.
The audible effect is the same, but in the Running Status the data amount can be
reduced by 7 times 8 bits, i.e. 56 bits. As a consequence, the overall data amount
produced by the scale mentioned above is only 136 bits. With the FCB1010 you
are free to switch the Running Status feature on or off (see ch. 2.2.3).
5. MIDI Implementation
MIDI Implementation Chart
Function
Basic
Channel
Mode
Default
Changed
Default
Messages
Note
Number
Velocity
After
Touch
Control
Progr.
Change
System
Exclusive
System
Common
System
Real Time
Aux
Messages
Note ON
Note OFF
Keys
Channels
True #
Song Pos.
Song Sel.
Tune
Clock
Commands
Local ON/OFF
All notes OFF
Active Sense
Reset
Notes
O = YES, X = NO
Mode 1: OMNI ON
Mode 2: OMNI OFF
Tab. 5.1: MIDI Implementation
Transmitted
Recognized
1-16
1-16
x
x
x
x
0-127
x
0,64
x
x
x
0-127
x
x
x
x
x
o
x
o
o
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Soft Thru / Merge Function
Remarks
programmable
1-128
programmable
1-128
15
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
6. Specifications
MIDI Interface
Type
5-pin DIN jacks IN and OUT / THRU
Display
Type
3-digit LED
Switching Output
Type
1/4" jack (open)
Power Supply
Voltage
USA/Canada
120 V~, 60 Hz
Europe/U.K./Australia
230 V~, 50 Hz
Japan
100 V~, 50 - 60 Hz
General export model 120/230 V~, 50 - 60 Hz
Power consumption
10 W
Fuse
100 - 120 V~: T 100 mA L 250 V
200 - 240 V~: T 50 mA L 250 V
Mains connection
Standard IEC connector
Dimensions/Weight
Dimensions (H x W x D)
approx. 2 3/8 x 27 x 8 3/4"
approx. 60 x 687 x 221 mm
Weight
approx. 7.71 lbs / 3.5 kg
BEHRINGER is constantly striving to maintain the highest professional standards. As a result of these efforts,
modifications may be made from time to time to existing products without prior notice. Specifications and
appearance may differ from those listed or illustrated.
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16
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010 User Manual
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
COMMISSION COMPLIANCE
INFORMATION
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
Responsible party name:
MUSIC Group Services USA, Inc.
Address:
18912 North Creek Parkway,
Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011,
USA
Phone/Fax No.:
Phone: +1 425 672 0816
Fax: +1 425 673 7647
MIDI FOOT CONTROLLER FCB1010
complies with the FCC rules as mentioned in the following paragraph:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Important information:
Changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by MUSIC Group
can void the user’s authority to use the equipment.
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