Oracle Database Client Installation Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1) for

Oracle Database Client Installation Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1) for
Oracle® Database
Client Installation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1) for HP-UX
B32073-06
July 2010
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1) for HP-UX
B32073-06
Copyright © 2009, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Primary Author: Namrata Bhakthavatsalam
Contributing Authors:
Kevin Flood, Clara Jaeckel, Emily Murphy, Terri Winters
Contributors: David Austin, Subhranshu Banerjee, Mark Bauer, Robert Chang, Jonathan Creighton, Sudip
Datta, Thirumaleshwara Hasandka, Joel Kallman, George Kotsovolos, Simon Law, Richard Long, Rolly Lv,
Padmanabhan Manavazhi, Sreejith Minnanghat, Krishna Mohan, Rajendra Pingte, Hanlin Qian, Janelle
Simmons, Roy Swonger, Lyju Vadassery, Douglas Williams
This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on
use and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your
license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify,
license, transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means.
Reverse engineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for
interoperability, is prohibited.
The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. If
you find any errors, please report them to us in writing.
If this software or related documentation is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing it on
behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable:
U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS Programs, software, databases, and related documentation and technical data
delivered to U.S. Government customers are "commercial computer software" or "commercial technical
data" pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental
regulations. As such, the use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation shall be subject to the
restrictions and license terms set forth in the applicable Government contract, and, to the extent applicable
by the terms of the Government contract, the additional rights set forth in FAR 52.227-19, Commercial
Computer Software License (December 2007). Oracle USA, Inc., 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, CA
94065.
This software is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. It is not
developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous applications, including applications which may
create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software in dangerous applications, then you shall be
responsible to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup, redundancy, and other measures to ensure the safe use
of this software. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates disclaim any liability for any damages caused by use of
this software in dangerous applications.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks
of their respective owners.
This software and documentation may provide access to or information on content, products, and services
from third parties. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates are not responsible for and expressly disclaim all
warranties of any kind with respect to third-party content, products, and services. Oracle Corporation and
its affiliates will not be responsible for any loss, costs, or damages incurred due to your access to or use of
third-party content, products, or services.
Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................................................ vii
Audience......................................................................................................................................................
Documentation Accessibility ....................................................................................................................
Command Syntax ......................................................................................................................................
Accessing Documentation........................................................................................................................
Related Documentation ..............................................................................................................................
Typographic Conventions..........................................................................................................................
1
Overview of Oracle Client Installation
Planning Your Installation .....................................................................................................................
Installation Considerations ....................................................................................................................
Hardware and Software Certification .............................................................................................
Multiple Oracle Homes Support......................................................................................................
Installing the Software on a System with an Existing Oracle Installation..........................
Oracle Client Installation Methods ......................................................................................................
Interactive Installation Methods ......................................................................................................
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files ..............................................................
Oracle Client Installation Types ...........................................................................................................
Upgrade Considerations .........................................................................................................................
AL24UTFFSS Character Set ..............................................................................................................
2
vii
vii
viii
viii
ix
x
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-5
Preinstallation Tasks
Logging In to the System as root ...........................................................................................................
Checking the Hardware Requirements................................................................................................
Memory Requirements......................................................................................................................
System Architecture...........................................................................................................................
Disk Space Requirements..................................................................................................................
Checking the Software Requirements .................................................................................................
Operating System Requirements .....................................................................................................
Compiler Requirements ....................................................................................................................
Patch Requirement.............................................................................................................................
Additional Software Requirements .................................................................................................
Oracle ODBC Drivers .................................................................................................................
Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers .........................................................................................................
Programming languages............................................................................................................
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-7
2-7
2-7
2-7
iii
Browser Requirements ............................................................................................................... 2-7
Creating Required Operating System Group and User.................................................................... 2-8
Creating the Oracle Inventory Group ............................................................................................. 2-9
Creating the Oracle Software Owner User..................................................................................... 2-9
Determining Whether an Oracle Software Owner User Exists ............................................ 2-9
Creating an Oracle Software Owner User............................................................................ 2-10
Modifying an Oracle Software Owner User ........................................................................ 2-10
Identifying Required Software Directories ..................................................................................... 2-10
Oracle Base Directory ..................................................................................................................... 2-10
Oracle Inventory Directory............................................................................................................ 2-11
Oracle Home Directory .................................................................................................................. 2-12
Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory .......................................................................... 2-12
Identifying an Existing Oracle Base Directory............................................................................ 2-12
Creating an Oracle Base Directory................................................................................................ 2-13
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment .................................................................................... 2-14
3
Installing Oracle Database Client
Reviewing Installation Guidelines.......................................................................................................
Accessing the Installation Software .....................................................................................................
Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site.....................
Downloading the Installation Archive Files ...........................................................................
Extracting the Installation Files.................................................................................................
Copying the Software to the Hard Disk .........................................................................................
Mounting Disks...........................................................................................................................
Copying the Oracle Client Software to a Hard Disk .............................................................
Installing the Oracle Client Software...................................................................................................
Running Oracle Universal Installer .................................................................................................
4
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-4
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
Required Postinstallation Tasks ........................................................................................................... 4-1
Downloading and Installing Patches .............................................................................................. 4-1
Updating Instant Client..................................................................................................................... 4-2
Connecting with Instant Client ........................................................................................................ 4-2
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks ................................................................................................. 4-3
Configuring Instant Client Light ..................................................................................................... 4-3
Creating a Backup of the root.sh Script...................................................................................... 4-4
Connecting Instant Client or Instant Client Light to an Oracle Database ................................. 4-4
Specifying a Connection by Using the Easy Connect Naming Method ............................. 4-4
Specifying a Connection by Configuring a tnsnames.ora File ........................................ 4-5
Specifying a Connection by Using an Empty Connect String and the TWO_TASK
Environment Variable ................................................................................................................ 4-5
Setting Up User Accounts ................................................................................................................. 4-6
Setting the NLS_LANG Environment Variable............................................................................. 4-6
Generating the Client Static Library................................................................................................ 4-6
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks ............................................................................ 4-6
Configuring Oracle Net Services ..................................................................................................... 4-7
Configuring Oracle Precompilers .................................................................................................... 4-7
iv
Configuring Pro*C/C++ ............................................................................................................ 4-7
Configuring Pro*FORTRAN ..................................................................................................... 4-7
5
Removing Oracle Software
Removing Oracle Software..................................................................................................................... 5-1
A
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
How Response Files Work?...................................................................................................................
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode............................................................
General Procedure for Using Response Files ................................................................................
Preparing a Response File .....................................................................................................................
Editing a Response File Template...................................................................................................
Recording a Response File ...............................................................................................................
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File ...........................................................
B
A-1
A-2
A-2
A-3
A-3
A-4
A-5
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages............................................... B-1
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages ............................................. B-1
Determining the Operating System Locale by Using the LANG Environment Variable B-1
Configuring Locale and Character Sets by Using the NLS_LANG Environment Variable ....
...........................................................................................................................................B-2
Installing Translation Resources ..................................................................................................... B-3
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages ......................................................... B-4
C
Troubleshooting
Verify Requirements ..............................................................................................................................
X Window Display Errors......................................................................................................................
What to Do If an Installation Error Occurs?.......................................................................................
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session ...................................................................................
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants........................................................................................
Configuration Assistant Failure......................................................................................................
Irrecoverable Errors ..........................................................................................................................
Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling.......................................................................................
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation..............................................................................................
D
C-1
C-1
C-2
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-4
C-4
C-4
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Client ......................................................................................
Installing Oracle Database Tools .........................................................................................................
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications .....................................................................
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways) ..............................
D-1
D-3
D-7
D-8
Index
v
vi
Preface
This guide provides instructions about installing and configuring Oracle Database for
HP-UX. This guide also talks about installing and configuring database using response
files, globalization support, ports, and troubleshooting.
The preface contains the following topics:
■
Audience
■
Documentation Accessibility
■
Command Syntax
■
Accessing Documentation
■
Related Documentation
■
Typographic Conventions
Audience
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for HP-UX guide is intended for anyone
responsible for installing Oracle Client 11g Release 1 (11.1) on a single HP-UX system.
Additional installation guides for Oracle Database, Oracle Real Application Clusters,
Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Database Examples, and Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control are available on the relevant installation media.
See Also: Oracle Database Installation Guide for HP-UX to install
Oracle Database using the default settings
Documentation Accessibility
Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation
accessible to all users, including users that are disabled. To that end, our
documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive
technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to
facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to
evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading
technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be
accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility
Program Web site at http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/.
Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation
Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The
conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an
vii
otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text
that consists solely of a bracket or brace.
Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation
This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or
organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes
any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For
information, visit http://www.oracle.com/support/contact.html or visit
http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/support.html if you are hearing
impaired.
Command Syntax
UNIX command syntax appears in monospace font. The dollar character ($), number
sign (#), or percent character (%) are UNIX command prompts. Do not enter them as
part of the command. The following command syntax conventions are used in this
guide:
Convention
Description
backslash \
A backslash is the UNIX command continuation character. It is used in
command examples that are too long to fit on a single line. Enter the
command as displayed (with a backslash) or enter it on a single line
without a backslash:
dd if=/dev/rdsk/c0t1d0s6 of=/dev/rst0 bs=10b \
count=10000
braces { }
Braces indicate required items:
.DEFINE {macro1}
brackets [ ]
Brackets indicate optional items:
cvtcrt termname [outfile]
ellipses ...
Ellipses indicate an arbitrary number of similar items:
CHKVAL fieldname value1 value2 ... valueN
italics
Italic type indicates a variable. Substitute a value for the variable:
library_name
vertical line |
A vertical line indicates a choice within braces or brackets:
FILE filesize [K|M]
Accessing Documentation
The documentation for this release includes platform-specific documentation and
generic product documentation.
Platform-Specific Documentation
Platform-specific documentation includes information about installing and using
Oracle products on particular platforms.
viii
This guide contains information required to install Oracle Database 11g Release 1
(11.1) on various platforms of Hp-UX. Ensure that you review information related to
the platform on which you intend to install Oracle Database 11g.
The platform-specific documentation for this product is available in both Adobe
portable document format (PDF) and HTML format on the product media. To access
the platform-specific documentation on media:
1.
Use a Web browser to open the welcome.htm file in the top-level directory of the
media.
2.
For DVD only, select the appropriate product link.
3.
Select the Documentation tab.
If you prefer paper documentation, then open and print the PDF files.
Product Documentation
Product documentation includes information about configuring, using, or
administering Oracle products on any platform. The product documentation for
Oracle Database 11g products is available in both HTML and PDF formats in the
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Online Documentation Library. To check for
updates to this document and to view other Oracle documentation, select the
Documentation link or the Software & Patches link on the Oracle Database 11g Release
1 Beta Program Web site.
Related Documentation
The platform-specific documentation for Oracle Database 11g products includes the
following manuals:
■
Oracle Database Release Notes for HP-UX
■
Oracle Database Installation Guide for HP-UX
■
Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for HP-UX
■
Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide for HP-UX Itanium
■
Oracle Database Client Quick Installation Guide for HP-UX Itanium
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration
■
Oracle Database Administrator's Reference for Linux and UNIX
■
Oracle Database Storage Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide for HP-UX
■
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide
■
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA
For information about Oracle error messages, see Oracle Database Error Messages.
Oracle error message documentation is available only in HTML. If you only have
access to the Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2) Online Documentation Library, then
you can browse the error messages by range. Once you find the specific range, use
your browser's "find in page" feature to locate the specific message. When connected
to the Internet, you can search for a specific error message using the error message
search feature of the Oracle online documentation.
ix
Many books in the documentation set use the sample schemas of the seed database,
which is installed by default when you install Oracle. Refer to Oracle Database Sample
Schemas for information on how these schemas were created and how you can use
them yourself.
Printed documentation is available for sale in the Oracle Store at:
http://shop.oracle.com/
To download free release notes, installation documentation, white papers, or other
collateral, please visit the Oracle Technology Network. You must register online before
using OTN; registration is free and can be done at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/membership/
If you already have a user name and password for Oracle Technology Network, then
you can go directly to the documentation section of the Oracle Technology Network
Web site at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/
Refer to Oracle Database Release Notes for HP-UX or important information that was not
available when this book was released. The release notes for Oracle Database 11g are
updated regularly. The most recent version is available on Oracle Technology
Network at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/index.html
Typographic Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
x
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
1
1
Overview of Oracle Client Installation
This chapter describes the different installation types of Oracle Client for HP-UX and
issues to consider before you install Oracle Database:
■
Planning Your Installation
■
Installation Considerations
■
Oracle Client Installation Methods
■
Oracle Client Installation Types
Planning Your Installation
The Oracle Database installation process consists of the following phases:
1.
Read the release notes: Read Oracle Database Release Notes for HP-UX before you
begin the installation. The release notes are available with the platform-specific
documentation. The latest version of the release notes is available on Oracle
Technology Network at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation
2.
Review the licensing information: Although the installation media in your media
pack contain many Oracle components, you are permitted to use only those
components for which you have purchased licenses.
Oracle Support Services does not provide support for components for which
licenses have not been purchased.
See Also:
3.
Oracle Database Licensing Information
Plan the installation: This chapter describes the Oracle products that you can
install and issues that you must consider before starting the installation.
You can also refer to Appendix D, which covers frequently asked questions about
installing Oracle Database components, such as how to install Oracle client if the
site uses Oracle applications or if you need multiple Oracle client connections.
4.
Complete preinstallation tasks: Chapter 2 describes preinstallation tasks that you
must complete before installing the product.
5.
Install the software: Use the following sections to install Oracle Database:
■
Chapter 3 describes how to use Oracle Universal Installer to install Oracle
Client.
Overview of Oracle Client Installation 1-1
Installation Considerations
■
■
■
■
6.
Appendix A provides information on performing noninteractive (silent)
installations, which you may want to use if you must perform multiple
installations of Oracle Client.
Appendix B describes globalization support information.
Appendix C provides troubleshooting advice in case you encounter problems
with the installation.
Chapter 5 describes how to remove Oracle Client.
Complete postinstallation tasks: Chapter 4 describes recommended and required
postinstallation tasks.
Installation Considerations
This section contains information that you should consider before deciding how to
install this product. It contains the following sections:
■
Hardware and Software Certification
■
Multiple Oracle Homes Support
Hardware and Software Certification
The platform-specific hardware and software requirements included in this
installation guide were current at the time this guide was published. However,
because new platforms and operating system software versions might be certified after
this guide is published, review the certification matrix on the My Oracle Support
(formerly OracleMetalink) Web site for the most up-to-date list of certified hardware
platforms and operating system versions. The My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetalink) Web site is available at the following URL:
https://support.oracle.com
You must register online before using My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetalink).
After logging in, click Certify from the top right-hand side of the screen. The
Certifications page appears. Other options include Product Availability, Desupport
Notices, and Alerts.
Multiple Oracle Homes Support
This product supports multiple Oracle homes. This means that you can install this
release or earlier releases of the software more than once on the same system, in
different Oracle home directories.
Installing the Software on a System with an Existing Oracle Installation
You must install this product into a new Oracle home directory. You cannot install
products from one release of Oracle Database into an Oracle home directory of a
different release. For example, you cannot install release 11.1 software into an existing
Oracle9i Oracle home directory. If you attempt to install this release into an Oracle
home directory that contains software from an earlier Oracle release, then the
installation fails.
Oracle Database Client can be installed in the same Oracle Database home if both
products are at the same release level. For example, you can install Oracle Database
Client 10g Release 2 (10.2) into an existing Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2) home.
If you apply a patch set before installing the client, then you must apply the patch set
again.
1-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Oracle Client Installation Types
You can install this release more than once on the same system if each installation is
installed in a separate Oracle home directory.
Oracle Client Installation Methods
You can choose different installation methods to install Oracle Client, as follows:
■
Interactive Installation Methods
■
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
Interactive Installation Methods
When you use the interactive method to install Oracle Client, Oracle Universal
Installer displays a series of screens that enable you to specify all of the required
information to install the Oracle Client software.
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
By creating a response file and specifying this file when you start Oracle Universal
Installer, you can automate some or all of the Oracle Database installation. These
automated installation methods are useful if you must perform multiple installations
on similarly configured systems or if the system where you want to install the
software does not have X Window system software installed.
When you use a response file, you can run Oracle Universal Installer in the following
modes, depending on whether you specify all of the required information or not:
■
■
Silent Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in silent mode if you use a response
file that specifies all required information. None of the Oracle Universal Installer
screens are displayed.
Suppressed Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in suppressed mode if you do
not specify all required information in the response file. Oracle Universal Installer
displays only the screens that prompt for the information that you did not specify.
For more information about these modes and about how to complete an installation
using response files, refer to Appendix A.
Oracle Client Installation Types
You can choose one of the following installation types when installing Oracle Client:
■
Instant Client: Enables you to install only the shared libraries required by Oracle
Call Interface (OCI), Oracle C++ Call Interface (OCCI), Pro*C, or Java database
connectivity (JDBC) OCI applications. This installation type requires much less
disk space than the other Oracle Client installation types.
See Also: Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide or Oracle
Database JDBC Developer's Guide and Reference for more information
about Instant Client
Included in the Instant Client installation is Instant Client Light. You may want to
use this version of Instant Client if the applications generate error messages in
American English only. Instant Client Light is beneficial to application that use
one of the supported character sets and can accept error messages in American
English. The following are the supported character sets:
–
US7ASCII
Overview of Oracle Client Installation 1-3
Upgrade Considerations
–
WE8DEC
–
WE8ISO8859P1
–
WE8EBCDIC37C for EBCDIC platform only
–
WE8EBCDIC1047 for EBCDIC platform only
–
WE8MSWIN1252
–
UTF8
–
AL32UTF8
–
AL16UTF16
The advantage of using Instant Client Light is that it has a smaller footprint than
the regular Instant Client. The shared libraries, which an application must load,
are only 34 MB as opposed to the 110 MB that regular Instant Client uses.
Therefore, the applications use less memory.
■
■
■
Administrator: Enables applications to connect to an Oracle Database instance on
the local system or on a remote system. It also provides tools that enable you to
administer Oracle Database.
Runtime: Enables applications to connect to an Oracle Database instance on the
local system or on a remote system.
Custom: Enables you to select individual components from the list of
Administrator and Runtime components.
Caution: AL32UTF8 is the Oracle Database character set that is
appropriate for XMLType data. It is equivalent to the IANA registered
standard UTF-8 encoding, which supports all valid XML characters.
Do not confuse Oracle Database database character set UTF8 (no
hyphen) with database character set AL32UTF8 or with character
encoding UTF-8. Database character set UTF8 has been superseded by
AL32UTF8. Do not use UTF8 for XML data. UTF8 supports only
Unicode version 3.0 and earlier; it does not support all valid XML
characters. AL32UTF8 has no such limitation.
Using database character set UTF8 for XML data could potentially
cause a irrecoverable error or affect security negatively. If a character
that is not supported by the database character set appears in an
input-document element name, then a replacement character (usually
"?") is substituted for it. This terminates parsing and raises an
exception.
Upgrade Considerations
For information about upgrading a earlier release of Oracle Database to Oracle
Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), refer to Oracle Database Upgrade Guide. The following
sections provide additional platform-specific upgrade information that you should
review before upgrading an existing database:
1-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Upgrade Considerations
AL24UTFFSS Character Set
Note: The information in this section does not apply to an upgrade of
a eelease 1 (9.0.1) or later release of Oracle Database.
Before you upgrade an existing database that uses the AL24UTFFSS character set, you
must upgrade the database character set to UTF8. Oracle recommends that you use the
Character Set Scanner (csscan) utility for data analysis before attempting to upgrade
the existing database character set.
The Character Set Scanner utility checks all character data in the database and tests for
the effects of, and problems with, changing the character set encoding. Before running
the Character Set Scanner utility, set the shared library path environment variable for
the platform to include the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. The shared library path
environment path that you must set is LD_LIBRARY_PATH.
AL32UTF8 is the Oracle Database character set that is
appropriate for XMLType data. It is equivalent to the IANA registered
standard UTF-8 encoding, which supports all valid XML characters.
Note:
Do not confuse Oracle Database database character set UTF8 (no
hyphen) with database character set AL32UTF8 or with character
encoding UTF-8. Database character set UTF8 has been superseded by
AL32UTF8. Do not use UTF8 for XML data. UTF8 supports only
Unicode version 3.0 and earlier; it does not support all valid XML
characters. AL32UTF8 has no such limitation.
Using database character set UTF8 for XML data could potentially
cause a irrecoverable error or affect security negatively. If a character
that is not supported by the database character set appears in an
input-document element name, then a replacement character (usually
"?") is substituted for it. This will terminate parsing and raise an
exception.
See Also: Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for more
information about Character Set Support
Overview of Oracle Client Installation 1-5
Upgrade Considerations
1-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
2
2
Preinstallation Tasks
This chapter describes the tasks that you must complete before you start Oracle
Universal Installer. It includes information about the following tasks:
■
Logging In to the System as root
■
Checking the Hardware Requirements
■
Checking the Software Requirements
■
Creating Required Operating System Group and User
■
Identifying Required Software Directories
■
Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
■
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
Logging In to the System as root
Before you install the Oracle software, you must complete several tasks as the root
user. To log in as the root user, complete one of the following procedures:
Unless you intend to complete a silent-mode installation,
you must install the software from an X Window System
workstation, an X terminal, or a PC or other system with X server
software installed.
Note:
For more information about silent-mode installations, refer to
Appendix A.
■
If you are installing the software from an X Window System workstation or X
terminal, then:
1.
Start a local terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).
2.
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then enter the
following command to enable the remote host to display X applications on the
local X server:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
For example:
$ xhost somehost.us.example.com
Preinstallation Tasks 2-1
Checking the Hardware Requirements
3.
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then use the ssh,
rlogin, or telnet command to connect to the system where you want to
install the software:
$ telnet fully_qualified_remote_host_name
4.
If you are not logged in as the root user, then enter the following command
to switch user to root:
$ su password:
#
■
If you are installing the software from a PC or other system with X server software
installed, then:
If necessary, refer to your X server documentation for more
information about completing this procedure. Depending on the X
server software that you are using, you must complete the tasks in
a different order.
Note:
1.
Start the X server software.
2.
Configure the security settings of the X server software to permit remote hosts
to display X applications on the local system.
3.
Connect to the remote system where you want to install the software and start
a terminal session on that system, for example, an X terminal (xterm).
4.
If you are not logged in as the root user on the remote system, then enter the
following command to switch user to root:
$ su password:
#
Checking the Hardware Requirements
The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:
■
Memory Requirements
■
System Architecture
■
Disk Space Requirements
Memory Requirements
The following are the memory requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release
1:
■
At least 256 MB of RAM
To determine the RAM size, enter the following command:
–
On HP-UX PA-RISC
# grep "Physical:" /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log
–
On HP-UX Itanium
# /usr/contrib/bin/machinfo
2-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
| grep -i Memory
Checking the Hardware Requirements
If the size of the RAM is less than the required size, then you must install more
memory before continuing.
■
The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and the
configured swap space requirement.
Available RAM
Swap Space Required
Up to 256 MB
3 times the size of RAM
Between 257 MB and 512 MB
2 times the size of RAM
More than 726 MB
0.75 times the size of RAM
To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a
If necessary, refer to the operating system documentation for information about
how to configure additional swap space.
System Architecture
To determine whether the system architecture can run the software, enter the
following command:
# /bin/getconf KERNEL_BITS
The expected output of this command is 64. If you do not see
the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this
system.
Note:
Disk Space Requirements
The following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g
Release 1:
■
Between 150 and 400 MB of disk space in the /tmp directory
To determine the amount of free disk space in the /tmp directory enter the
following command:
# bdf /tmp
If there is less than 400 MB of free disk space available in the /tmp directory, then
complete one of the following steps:
■
■
■
■
Delete unnecessary files from the /tmp directory to meet the disk space
requirement.
Set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables when setting the oracle
user’s environment (described later).
Extend the file system that contains the /tmp directory. If necessary, contact
the system administrator for information about extending file systems.
Between 1.5 GB and 3.5 GB of disk space for the Oracle software, depending on
the installation type
Preinstallation Tasks 2-3
Checking the Software Requirements
To determine the amount of free disk space on the system, enter the following
command:
# bdf
The following table shows the approximate disk space requirements for software
files for each installation type:
Installation Type
Requirement for Software Files (MB)
Instant Client
206
Administrator
1.76 (GB)
Runtime
1.34 (GB)
Custom (maximum)
1.67 (GB)
Checking the Software Requirements
Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that the following
software is installed on the system.
Oracle Universal Installer performs checks on your system
to verify that it meets the listed requirements. To ensure that these
checks pass, verify the requirements before you start Oracle
Universal Installer.
Note:
■
Operating System Requirements
■
Compiler Requirements
■
Patch Requirement
■
Additional Software Requirements
Operating System Requirements
The following are the operating system requirements for Oracle Database 11g Release
1:
■
HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23)
■
HP-UX 11i v3 (11.31)
To determine the distribution and version of HP-UX installed, enter the following
command:
# uname -a
HP-UX hostname B.11.23 ia64 109444686 unlimited-user license
In this example, the version of HP-UX 11i is 11.23.
To determine whether a bundle, product, or fileset is installed, enter a command
similar to the following, where level is bundle, product, or fileset:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l level | more
2-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Checking the Software Requirements
If a required bundle, product, or fileset is not installed, then you must install it. Refer
to your operating system or software documentation for information about installing
products.
In addition, you must verify that the following patches are installed on the system.
The procedure following the table describes how to check these requirements.
There may be more recent versions of the patches listed
installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then
determine whether a more recent version is installed before
installing the version listed.
Note:
Compiler Requirements
The following are the compiler requirements for HP-UX Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call
Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer’s Kit (XDK) with
Oracle Database 11g release 1:
For HP-PA RISC:
■
HP C/ANSI C Compiler (B11.11.16)
HP ANSI C compiler (B.11.11.16) - June (AR0606) release
■
HP aC++ Compiler (A.03.73)
C++ (aCC) compiler (A.03.70) - June 2006 (AR0606) release
For HP-UX Itanium:
■
HP C/ANSI C Compiler (A.06.14)
HP ANSI C compiler (C.06.10) - June 2006 (AR0606) release
■
HP aC++ Compiler (A.06.14)
C++ (aCC) compiler (C.06.10) - June 2006 (AR0606) release
Patch Requirement
In addition, you must verify that the following patches are installed on the system.
There may be more recent versions of the patches listed
installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then
determine whether a more recent version is installed before
installing the version listed.
Note:
Refer to the following Web site for information about additional java patches:
http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/java/patches/index.html
Preinstallation Tasks 2-5
Checking the Software Requirements
Installation Type or
Product
All installations
All installations
Requirement
For HP-UX 11i V2 (11.23):
■
Mar '07 Patch bundle for HP-UX 11iV2 (B.11.23.0703)
■
PHKL_35478: s700_800 11.23 shmget(2) cumulative patch
■
PHCO_36673: s700_800 11.23 libc cumulative patch
■
PHKL_36853: s700_800 11.23 pstat patch
■
PHSS_37958: 11.23 Libcl patch
For HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31):
■
PHKL_35900: 11.31 evacd performance, kvaddr leak panic
■
PHKL_36248: 11.31 esctl cumulative patch
■
PHKL_36249: 11.31 esdisk cumulative patch
■
■
■
Pro*C/C++,
Oracle Call Interface,
Oracle C++ Call Interface,
Oracle XML Developer’s
Kit (XDK)
PHKL_35936: 11.31 call to read(2) or write(2) may incorrectly
return -1
PHKL_38038: ABORT CORRUPTION HANG OTHER
PANIC
PHSS_37959: 11.31 Libcl patch
Patches for HP-UX 11i V2 (11.23) on HP-UX PA-RISC:
■
PHSS_35176 - For HP C/ANSI C Compiler
■
PHSS_35101 - For HP C/ANSI C Compiler
■
PHSS_35103 - For HP C/ANSI C and HP aC++ compilers
■
PHSS_35102 - For HP aC++ Compiler. It changes the
compiler version to A.03.73
Patches for HP-UX 11i V2 (11.23) on HP-UX Itanium:
■
■
■
Pro*C/C++,
Oracle Call Interface,
Oracle C++ Call Interface,
Oracle XML Developer’s
Kit (XDK)
PHSS_35974 - For HP C/ANSI C Compiler. It changes the
compiler version to A.06.14
PHSS_35975 - For HP aC++ Compiler. It changes the
compiler version to A.06.14
PHSS_35977 - For HP C/ANSI C and HP aC++ compilers
The following patch is required for HP C/ANSI C Compiler for
HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31) on HP-UX PA-RISC:
HP C/aC++ B.11.31.01 (Swlist Bundle - C.11.31.01) February
2007
The following patch is required for HP aC++ Compiler for HP-UX
11i V3 (11.31) on HP-UX PA-RISC:
HP C/aC++ A.03.74 (Swlist Bundle - C.11.31.01) February 2007
The following patch is required for HP C/ANSI C and HP aC++
compilers for HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31) on HP-UX Itanium:
HP C/aC++ A.06.12 (Swlist Bundle - C.11.31.01) February 2007
To ensure that the system meets these requirements:
1.
To determine whether a patch is installed, enter a command similar to the
following:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | grep PHSS_35979
Alternatively, to list all installed patches, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | more
2-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Checking the Software Requirements
2.
If a required patch is not installed, then download it from the following Web site
and install it:
http://itresourcecenter.hp.com
If the Web site displays a recent version of the patch, then download and install
that version.
Additional Software Requirements
Depending on the components you want to use, you must ensure that the following
software are installed:
■
Oracle ODBC Drivers
■
Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers
■
Programming languages
■
Browser Requirements
Oracle ODBC Drivers
If you intend to use ODBC, then you should build and install the most recent ODBC
Driver Manager. You can download and install the Driver Manager from the
following link:
http://www.unixodbc.org
You do not require ODBC Driver Manager to install Oracle Database.
To use ODBC, you must also install gcc 3.4.5 or later
Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers
You can use Java SDK 5.0 as an optional software with the Oracle JDBC/OCI drivers.
However, this is not required for the installation.
Programming languages
The following products are certified for use with:
■
Pro*COBOL
Micro Focus Cobol 5.0
■
Pro*FORTRAN
HP FORTRAN 90 (B11.23.20)
Browser Requirements
Web browsers must support Java Script and the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards. The
following browsers meet these requirements:
■
Netscape Navigator 7.2
■
Netscape Navigator 8.1
■
Mozilla version 1.7
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0
■
Firefox 1.0.4
Preinstallation Tasks 2-7
Creating Required Operating System Group and User
■
Firefox 1.5
■
Firefox 2.0
Creating Required Operating System Group and User
Depending on whether this is the first time Oracle software is being installed on this
system and on the products that you are installing, you must create the following
operating system group and user:
■
The Oracle Inventory group (oinstall)
You must create this group the first time you install Oracle software on the
system. The usual name chosen for this group is oinstall. This group owns the
Oracle inventory, which is a catalog of all Oracle software installed on the system.
If Oracle software is already installed on the system, then
the existing Oracle Inventory group must be the primary group of
the operating system user that you use to install new Oracle
software.
Note:
■
The Oracle software owner user (typically, oracle)
You must create this user the first time you install Oracle software on the system.
This user owns all of the software installed during the installation. This user must
have the Oracle Inventory group as its primary group. It must also have the
OSDBA and OSOPER groups as secondary groups.
In Oracle documentation, this user is referred to as the
oracle user.
Note:
A single Oracle Inventory group is required for all installations of Oracle software on
the system. After the first installation of Oracle software, you must use the same
Oracle Inventory group for all subsequent Oracle software installations on that system.
However, you can choose to create different Oracle software owner users for separate
installations.
The following sections describe how to create local users and
groups. As an alternative to creating local users and groups, you
could create the appropriate users and groups in a directory service,
for example, Network Information Services (NIS). For information
about using directory services, contact your system administrator or
refer to your operating system documentation.
Note:
The following sections describe how to create the required operating system users and
groups:
■
Creating the Oracle Inventory Group
■
Creating the Oracle Software Owner User
2-8 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Creating Required Operating System Group and User
Creating the Oracle Inventory Group
You must create the Oracle Inventory group if it does not already exist. The following
subsections describe how to determine the Oracle Inventory group name, if it exists,
and how to create it if necessary.
Determining Whether the Oracle Inventory Group Exists
When you install Oracle software on the system for the first time, Oracle Universal
Installer creates the oraInst.loc file. This file identifies the name of the Oracle
Inventory group and the path of the Oracle Inventory directory.
To determine whether the Oracle Inventory group exists, enter the following
command:
# more /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
If the oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar to the
following:
inventory_loc=/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
The inst_group parameter shows the name of the Oracle Inventory group,
oinstall.
Creating the Oracle Inventory Group
If the oraInst.loc file does not exist, then create the Oracle Inventory group by
entering the following command:
# /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
Creating the Oracle Software Owner User
You must create an Oracle software owner user in the following circumstances:
■
■
If an Oracle software owner user does not exist, for example, if this is the first
installation of Oracle software on the system
If an Oracle software owner user exists, but you want to use a different operating
system user
Determining Whether an Oracle Software Owner User Exists
To determine whether an Oracle software owner user named oracle exists, enter the
following command:
# id oracle
If the oracle user exists, then the output from this command is similar to the
following:
uid=440(oracle) gid=200(oinstall) groups=201(dba),202(oper)
If the user exists, then determine whether you want to use the existing user or create
another oracle user. If you want to use the existing user, then ensure that the user’s
primary group is the Oracle Inventory group. Refer to one of the following sections for
more information:
Preinstallation Tasks 2-9
Identifying Required Software Directories
If necessary, contact your system administrator before using
or modifying an existing user.
Note:
■
■
■
If you want to use the existing Oracle software owner user, and the user’s primary
group is the Oracle Inventory group, then refer to the "Identifying Required
Software Directories" section on page 2-10.
To modify an existing user, refer to the "Modifying an Oracle Software Owner
User" section on page 2-10.
To create a user, refer to the following section.
Creating an Oracle Software Owner User
If the Oracle software owner user does not exist or if you require a new Oracle
software owner user, then create it as follows. In the following procedure, use the user
name oracle unless a user with that name already exists.
1.
To create the oracle user, enter a command similar to the following:
# /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall[ -G dba] oracle
In this command:
■
■
2.
The -g option specifies the primary group, which must be the Oracle
Inventory group, for example oinstall
The -G option specifies optional secondary groups, the OSOPER group. For
example, dba
Set the password of the oracle user:
# passwd oracle
Refer to the "Identifying Required Software Directories" section on page 2-10 to
continue.
Modifying an Oracle Software Owner User
If the oracle user exists, but its primary group is not oinstall, then enter a
command similar to the following to modify it. Specify the primary group using the
-g option and any required secondary group using the -G option:
# /usr/sbin/usermod -g oinstall -G dba[,oper] oracle
Identifying Required Software Directories
You must identify or create the following directories for the Oracle software:
■
Oracle Base Directory
■
Oracle Inventory Directory
■
Oracle Home Directory
Oracle Base Directory
The Oracle base directory is a top-level directory for Oracle software installations. It is
analogous to the C:\Oracle directory used for Oracle software installations on
Microsoft Windows systems. On HP-UX systems, the Optimal Flexible Architecture
2-10 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Identifying Required Software Directories
(OFA) guidelines recommend that you use a path similar to the following for the
Oracle base directory:
/mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
In this example:
■
mount_point is the mount point directory for the file system that will contain the
Oracle software.
The examples in this guide use /u01 for the mount point directory. However, you
could choose another mount point directory, such as /oracle or /opt/oracle.
■
oracle_sw_owner is the operating system user name of the Oracle software
owner, for example oracle.
You must specify the ORACLE_BASE folder that contains all Oracle products.
Note: If you have an existing ORACLE_BASE ,then you can select it
from the Use existing drop down box .By default ,the drop down box
contains the existing value for ORACLE_BASE already selected. Refer
to "Installing the Oracle Client Software" on page 3-4 for further
information.
If you do not have an OARCLE_BASE,then you can create a new one
by editing the text in the list box.
You can use the same Oracle base directory for more than one installation or you can
create separate Oracle base directories for different installations. If different operating
system users install Oracle software on the same system, then each user must create a
separate Oracle base directory. The following example Oracle base directories could all
exist on the same system:
/u01/app/oracle
/u01/app/orauser
/opt/oracle/app/oracle
The following sections describe how to identify existing Oracle base directories that
may be suitable for your installation and how to create an Oracle base directory if
necessary.
Regardless of whether you create an Oracle base directory or decide to use an existing
one, you must set the ORACLE_BASE environment variable to specify the full path to
this directory.
Oracle Inventory Directory
The Oracle Inventory directory (oraInventory) stores an inventory of all software
installed on the system. It is required by, and shared by, all Oracle software
installations on a single system. The first time you install Oracle software on a system,
Oracle Universal Installer prompts you to specify the path to this directory. then
Oracle recommends that you choose the following path:
oracle_base/oraInventory
Oracle Universal Installer creates the directory that you specify and sets the correct
owner, group, and permissions for it. You do not need to create it.
Preinstallation Tasks 2-11
Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
All Oracle software installations rely on this directory.
Ensure that you back it up regularly.
Note:
Do not delete this directory unless you have completely removed
all Oracle software from the system.
Oracle Home Directory
The Oracle home directory is the directory where you choose to install the software for
a particular Oracle product. You must install different Oracle products, or different
releases of the same Oracle product, in separate Oracle home directories. When you
run Oracle Universal Installer, it prompts you to specify the path to this directory, and
a name that identifies it. The directory that you specify must be a subdirectory of the
Oracle base directory. Oracle recommends that you specify a path similar to the
following for the Oracle home directory:
oracle_base/product/11.1.0/client_1
Oracle Universal Installer creates the directory path that you specify under the Oracle
base directory. It also sets the correct owner, group, and permissions on it. You do not
need to create this directory.
Caution: During installation, you must not specify an existing
directory that has predefined permissions applied to it as the Oracle
home directory. If you do, then you may experience installation
failure due to file and group ownership permission errors.
Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
Before starting the installation, you must either identify an existing Oracle base
directory or if required, create one. This section contains information about the
following:
■
Identifying an Existing Oracle Base Directory
■
Creating an Oracle Base Directory
You can choose to create an Oracle base directory, even if
other Oracle base directories exist on the system.
Note:
Identifying an Existing Oracle Base Directory
Existing Oracle base directories may not have paths that obey OFA guidelines.
However, if you identify an existing Oracle Inventory directory or existing Oracle
home directories, then you can usually identify the Oracle base directories, as follows:
■
Identifying an existing Oracle Inventory directory
Enter the following command to view the contents of the oraInst.loc file:
# more /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
If the oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar to
the following:
inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
2-12 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
The inventory_loc parameter identifies the Oracle Inventory directory
(oraInventory). The parent directory of the oraInventory directory is
typically an Oracle base directory. In the previous example, /u01/app/oracle is
an Oracle base directory.
■
Identifying existing Oracle home directories
Enter the following command to view the contents of the oratab file:
# more /etc/oratab
If the oratab file exists, then it contains lines similar to the following:
*:/u03/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1:N
*:/opt/orauser/infra_904:N
*:/oracle/9.2.0:N
The directory paths specified on each line identify Oracle home directories.
Directory paths that end with the user name of the Oracle software owner that you
want to use are valid choices for an Oracle base directory. If you intend to use the
oracle user to install the software, then you could choose one of the following
directories from the previous example:
/u03/app/oracle
/oracle
If possible, choose a directory path similar to the first
(/u03/app/oracle). This path complies with the OFA guidelines.
Note:
To continue:
■
If an Oracle base directory exists and you want to use it, then refer to the
"Configuring the oracle User’s Environment" section on page 2-14.
When you configure the oracle user’s environment later in this chapter, set the
ORACLE_BASE environment variable to specify the directory you chose.
■
If an Oracle base directory does not exist on the system or if you want to create an
Oracle base directory, then refer to the following section.
Creating an Oracle Base Directory
Before you create an Oracle base directory, you must identify an appropriate file
system with disk space.
To identify an appropriate file system:
1.
Use the bdf command to determine the free disk space on each mounted file
system.
2.
From the display, identify a file system that has appropriate free space.
3.
Note the name of the mount point directory for the file system that you identified.
To create the Oracle base directory and specify the correct owner, group, and
permissions for it:
1.
Enter commands similar to the following to create the recommended
subdirectories in the mount point directory that you identified and set the
appropriate owner, group, and permissions on them:
Preinstallation Tasks 2-13
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
# mkdir -p /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
# chmod -R 775 /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
For example, if the mount point you identify is /u01 and oracle is the user name
of the Oracle software owner, then the recommended Oracle base directory path is
as follows:
/u01/app/oracle
2.
When you configure the oracle user’s environment later in this chapter, set the
ORACLE_BASE environment variable to specify the Oracle base directory that you
have created.
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
You run Oracle Universal Installer from the oracle account. However, before you
start Oracle Universal Installer you must configure the environment of the oracle
user. To configure the environment, you must:
■
Set the default file mode creation mask (umask) to 022 in the shell startup file.
■
Set the DISPLAY environment variable.
Caution: Use shell programs supported by your operating system
vendor. If you use a shell program that is not supported by your
operating system, then you can encounter errors during installation.
To set the oracle user’s environment:
1.
Start a new terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).
2.
Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can display
on this system:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
For example:
$ xhost somehost.us.example.com
3.
If you are not already logged in to the system where you want to install the
software, then log in to that system as the oracle user.
4.
If you are not logged in as the oracle user, then switch user to oracle:
$ su - oracle
5.
To determine the default shell for the oracle user, enter the following command:
$ echo $SHELL
6.
Open the oracle user’s shell startup file in any text editor:
■
C shell (csh or tcsh):
% vi .login
7.
Enter or edit the following line, specifying a value of 022 for the default file mode
creation mask:
umask 022
2-14 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
8.
If the ORACLE_SID, ORACLE_HOME, or ORACLE_BASE environment variable is set
in the file, then remove the appropriate lines from the file.
9.
Save the file, and exit from the editor.
10. To run the shell startup script, enter one of the following commands:
■
Bash shell:
$ . ./.bash_profile
■
Bourne or Korn shell:
$ . ./.profile
■
C shell:
% source ./.login
11. If you are not installing the software on the local computer, then run the following
command on the remote computer to set the DISPLAY variable:
■
Bourne, Bash or Korn shell:
$ export DISPLAY=local_host:0.0
■
C shell:
% setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
In this example, local_host is the host name or IP address of the local
computer that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer.
Run the following command on the remote computer to check if the shell and the
DISPLAY environmental variable are set correctly:
echo $SHELL
echo $DISPLAY
Now to enable X applications, run the following commands on the local computer:
$ xhost + fully_qualified_remote_host_name
To verify that X applications display is set properly, run a X11 based program that
comes with the operating system such as xclock:
$ xclock_path
In this example, xclock_path is the directory path. For example, you can find
xclock at /usr/X11R6/bin/xclocks. If the DISPLAY variable is set properly,
then you can see xclock on your computer screen.
See Also: PC-X Server or Operating System vendor documents for
further assistance.
12. If you determined that the /tmp directory has less than 400 MB of free disk space,
then identify a file system with at least 400 MB of free space and set the TMP and
TMPDIR environment variables to specify a temporary directory on this file
system:
a.
Use the bdf command to identify a suitable file system with sufficient free
space.
Preinstallation Tasks 2-15
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
b.
If you are not logged in as the root user, then enter the following command
to switch user to root:
$ su password:
#
If necessary, enter commands similar to the following to create a temporary
directory on the file system that you identified, and set the appropriate
permissions on the directory:
# mkdir /mount_point/tmp
# chmod a+wr /mount_point/tmp
# exit
c.
Enter commands similar to the following to set the TMP and TMPDIR
environment variables:
*
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ TMP=/mount_point/tmp
$ TMPDIR=/mount_point/tmp
$ export TMP TMPDIR
*
C shell:
% setenv TMP /mount_point/tmp
% setenv TMPDIR /mount_point/tmp
13. Enter commands similar to the following to set the ORACLE_BASE environment
variable:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
$ export ORACLE_BASE
■
C shell:
% setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle
In these examples, /u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you
created or identified earlier.
14. Enter the following commands to ensure that the ORACLE_HOME and TNS_ADMIN
environment variables are not set:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ unset ORACLE_HOME
$ unset TNS_ADMIN
■
C shell:
% unsetenv ORACLE_HOME
% unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
2-16 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
If the ORACLE_HOME environment variable is set, then
Oracle Universal Installer uses the value that it specifies as the
default path for the Oracle home directory. However, if you set the
ORACLE_BASE environment variable, then Oracle recommends that
you unset the ORACLE_HOME environment variable and choose the
default path suggested by Oracle Universal Installer.
Note:
15. To verify that the environment has been set correctly, enter the following
commands:
$ umask
$ env | more
Verify that the umask command displays a value of 22, 022, or 0022 and the
environment variables that you set in this section have the correct values.
Preinstallation Tasks 2-17
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
2-18 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
3
3
Installing Oracle Database Client
The Oracle Client software is available on installation media or you can download it
from the Oracle Technology Network Web site. In most cases, you use the graphical
user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal Installer to install the software.
However, you can also use Oracle Universal Installer to complete silent-mode
installations, without using the GUI.
■
Reviewing Installation Guidelines
■
Accessing the Installation Software
■
Installing the Oracle Client Software
See Also: Appendix A for information about silent-mode
installations
Reviewing Installation Guidelines
Review the following guidelines before starting Oracle Universal Installer:
■
Oracle Universal Installer
Do not use Oracle Universal Installer from an earlier Oracle release to install
components from this release.
■
Reinstalling Oracle Software
If you reinstall Oracle software into an Oracle home directory where Oracle
Database is already installed, you must also reinstall any components, such as
Oracle Partitioning, that were installed before you begin the reinstallation.
Accessing the Installation Software
The Oracle Client software is available on installation media or you can download it
from the Oracle Technology Network Web site. To install the software from the hard
disk, you must either download it from Oracle Technology Network and unpack it, or
copy it from the installation media, if you have it.
You can access and install Oracle Database by using one of the following methods:
■
■
To install the software from a installation media or from an existing hard disk
location, refer to "Installing the Oracle Client Software" on page 3-4
To copy the software to a hard disk, refer to "Copying the Software to the Hard
Disk" on page 3-3
Installing Oracle Database Client
3-1
Accessing the Installation Software
■
To download the software from Oracle Technology Network, refer to
"Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site"
on page 3-2
Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site
This section describes how to download the installation archive files and extract them
on to the hard disk. It contains the following topics:
■
Downloading the Installation Archive Files
■
Extracting the Installation Files
Downloading the Installation Archive Files
To download the installation archive files from Oracle Technology Network:
1.
Use any browser to access the software download page from Oracle Technology
Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/
2.
Navigate to the download page for the product that you want to install.
3.
On the download page, identify the required disk space by adding the file sizes for
each required file.
The file sizes are listed next to the file names.
4.
Select a file system with enough free space to store and expand the archive files.
In most cases, the available disk space must be at least twice the size of all of the
archive files.
5.
On the file system that you selected in step 4, create a parent directory for each
product, for example OraDB11g, to hold the installation directories.
6.
Download all of the installation archive files to the directory that you created in
step 5.
7.
Verify that the files you downloaded are the same size as the corresponding files
on Oracle Technology Network.
Extracting the Installation Files
To extract the installation archive files, perform the following steps:
1.
If necessary, change directory to the directory that contains the downloaded
installation archive files.
2.
If the downloaded file has the zip extension, use the following command to
extract the content:
unzip file_name.zip
If the downloaded file has the cpio.gz extension, use the following command:
$ gunzip filename.cpio.gz
This command creates files with names similar to the following:
filename.cpio
To extract the installation files, enter a command similar to the following:
3-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Accessing the Installation Software
$ cpio -idcmv < filename.cpio
Refer to the download page for information about the
correct options to use with the cpio command.
Note:
Some browsers uncompress files while downloading them, but
leave the .gz file extension.
For each file, this command creates a subdirectory named Diskn, where n is the
disk number identified in the file name.
When you have extracted all of the required installation files, refer to "Installing the
Oracle Client Software" on page 3-4.
Copying the Software to the Hard Disk
Before installing Oracle Database, you might want to copy the software to the hard
disk. This enables the installation process to run a bit faster. Before copying the
installation media content to the hard disk, you must mount the disk. The following
sections describe to mount disk and copy its content to the hard disk.
Mounting Disks
On most HP-UX systems, the disk mounts automatically when you insert it into the
installation media. If the disk does not mount automatically, then follow these steps to
mount it:
1.
Switch user to root:
$ su -
2.
If necessary, enter the following command to unmount the currently mounted
disc, then remove it from the drive:
# /usr/sbin/umount /SD_DVD
In this example, /SD_DVD is the mount point directory for the disc drive.
3.
Insert the appropriate disc into the disc drive, then enter a command similar to the
following to mount it:
# /usr/sbin/mount -F cdfs -o rr /dev/dsk/cxtydz /SD_DVD
In this example, /SD_DVD is the disc mount point directory and
/dev/dsk/cxtydz is the device name for the disc device, for example
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0.
4.
If Oracle Universal Installer is displaying the Disk Location dialog box, enter the
disc mount point directory path, for example:
/SD_DVD
To continue, go to one of the following sections:
■
■
If you want to copy software to a hard disk, refer to "Copying the Oracle Client
Software to a Hard Disk" on page 3-4.
If you want to install the software from the installation media, refer to "Installing
the Oracle Client Software" on page 3-4.
Installing Oracle Database Client
3-3
Installing the Oracle Client Software
Copying the Oracle Client Software to a Hard Disk
If the system does not have a installation media, you can copy the software from the
installation media to a file system on another system, then either mount that file
system using NFS, or use FTP to copy the files to the system where you want to install
the software.
To copy the contents of the installation media to a hard disk:
1.
Create a directory on the hard disk to hold the Oracle software:
$ mkdir OraCl11g
2.
Change directory to the directory you created in step 1:
$ cd OraCl11g
3.
Mount the disk, if it is not already mounted.
Some platforms automatically mount the disk when you insert it into the drive. If
the disk does not mount automatically, refer to the "Mounting Disks" section on
page 3-3 for platform-specific information about mounting it.
4.
Copy the contents of the mounted disk to the corresponding new subdirectory as
follows:
$ cp -R /directory_path OraCl11g
In this example, /directory_path is the disk mount point directory, for
example /mnt/dvd on Red Hat Enterprise Linux systems, or the path of the client
directory on the installation media. The mount point directory is /dvd.
5.
If necessary, mount the next disk and repeat step 5.
Installing the Oracle Client Software
Use Oracle Universal Installer to install the Oracle Client software. The following
section describes how to install the Oracle software.
If you have an existing HP-UX 11.23 installation with patch
PHSS_34824 installed, then you must deinstall this patch before
installing or upgrading to Oracle Database 11g Release 1. If you do not
remove this patch, then Oracle Database installation fails.
Note:
Running Oracle Universal Installer
This section describes the Basic Installation as a default setting. For any type of
installation process, start Oracle Universal Installer and install the software, as follows:
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group to the computer on which to
install Oracle components.
2.
If you are installing the software from installation media, mount the disk if it is not
already mounted.
If the disk does not mount automatically, refer to the "Mounting Disks" section on
page 3-3 for platform-specific information about mounting it.
Some platforms automatically mount the disk when you insert the installation
media into the drive.
3-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Client Software
3.
To start Oracle Universal Installer, complete one of the following steps depending
on the location of the installation files:
Start Oracle Universal Installer from the terminal session
where you logged in as the oracle user and set the user’s
environment (described in Chapter 2).
Note:
■
If the installation files are on disk, enter a command similar to the following,
where directory_path is the path of the client directory on the
installation media:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller
■
If the installation files are on the hard disk, change directory to the client
directory and enter the following command:
$ ./runInstaller
If Oracle Universal Installer is not displayed, refer to the "X Window Display
Errors" on page C-1 for information about troubleshooting.
4.
In the Select a Product to Install screen, select Oracle Client and click Next.
5.
In the Select Installation Type screen, select the type of installation that you want:
Instant Client, Administrator, Runtime, or Custom and click Next.
See Also: "Oracle Client Installation Types" for more information on
these installation types.
6.
In the Install Location screen, enter the following details:
■
■
Oracle base path: Enter the directory location for Oracle base. Do not include
spaces in the path name.
Name: Enter the name of the Oracle home.
Do not install Oracle Client 11g release 1 (11.1) software into an existing Oracle
home that contains Oracle Database 11g or earlier software. You can install
Oracle Client into an existing Oracle home that contains Oracle Database
Client 11g release 1 (11.1) or later software, so long as Oracle Database is not
installed in the same home.
■
Oracle home path: This field is populated by default in concurrence with
Oracle base location.
7.
Click Next.
8.
If you selected Custom in Step 5, in the Available Product Components screen,
select the components you want to install and click Next or Install.
9.
In the Product-specific Prerequisite Checks screen, correct any errors that Oracle
Universal Installer may have found, and then click Next.
10. In the Summary screen, check the installed components listing and click Install.
11. If you have selected Custom installation types, follow steps 12 to 20 to complete
the Oracle Net Configuration Assistant procedure.
If you have selected the Administrator or Runtime installation type, then Net
Configuration Assistant is invoked as a part of the installation. Click Next to
Installing Oracle Database Client
3-5
Installing the Oracle Client Software
complete the installation You should then start the Net Configuration Assistant
and follow steps 12 to 20 to complete configuration process.
If you selected the Instant Client installation type, go to Step 21. After you
complete the installation, you can follow the steps under "Connecting Instant
Client or Instant Client Light to an Oracle Database" on page 4-4 to configure the
database connection.
12. In the Oracle Net Configuration Assistant: Welcome screen, either select Perform
typical configuration to use a default configuration, or select the Naming
Methods configuration option. Then click Next. (The remaining steps in this
procedure assume you are using Naming Methods.)
13. In the Naming Methods Configuration, Select Naming Methods screen, select the
naming method you want and then click Next.
In most cases, Local Naming is sufficient.
14. In the Net Service Name Configuration, Service Name screen, enter the name of
the database service to which you want to connect. Click Next.
For example, to connect to a database named sales, enter sales.
15. In the Net Service Name Configuration, Select Protocol screen, depending on the
protocol you selected, enter the appropriate information and click Next.
16. In the Net Service Name Configuration, TCP/IP Protocol screen, enter the host
name of the computer where the Oracle database is installed. Specify the port
number, then click Next.
For example, to connect to the computer shobeen, you would enter shobeen.
17. In the Net Service Name Configuration, Test screen, click Yes to perform a test of
the connection. Then click Next.
In most cases, the test fails only because the default user name and password
Oracle Universal Installer supplies in the dialog box do not match the user name
and password for the target database. Click Change Login, reenter the user name
and password, and then click OK.
18. In the Connecting screen, click Next.
19. In the Net Service Name screen, enter the name of the net service name to use.
20. Answer the remaining prompts to complete the configuration.
21. In the End of Installation screen, click Exit, then click Yes to exit from Oracle
Universal Installer.
22. Go to Chapter 4, "Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks" to complete the
postinstallation tasks.
3-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
4
4
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
This chapter describes how to complete postinstallation tasks after you have installed
the software. It includes information about the following topics:
■
Required Postinstallation Tasks
■
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
■
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
You must perform the tasks listed in the "Required Postinstallation Tasks" section.
Oracle recommends that you perform the tasks listed in the "Recommended
Postinstallation Tasks" section after all installations.
If you install and intend to use any of the products listed in the "Required
Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks" section, then you must perform the tasks
listed in the product-specific subsections.
This chapter describes basic configuration only. Refer to
Oracle Database Administrator's Reference for Linux and UNIX, Oracle
Database Administrator's Guide and product-specific administration
and tuning guides for more detailed configuration and tuning
information.
Note:
Required Postinstallation Tasks
You must perform the tasks described in the following sections after completing an
installation:
■
Downloading and Installing Patches
■
Updating Instant Client
■
Connecting with Instant Client
Downloading and Installing Patches
Check the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site for required patches
for the installation.
You cannot update Instant Client by downloading a patch.
Use the procedure under "Updating Instant Client" on page 4-2 to
update Instant Client.
Note:
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-1
Required Postinstallation Tasks
To download required patches:
1.
Use a Web browser to view the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink)
Web site:
https://support.oracle.com
2.
Log in to My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
Note: If you are not an My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) registered user, click Register Here and follow the
registration instructions.
3.
On the main My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) page, click Patches
and Updates.
4.
Select Simple Search.
5.
Specify the following information, then click Go:
■
In the Search By field, choose Product or Family, then specify RDBMS Server.
■
In the Release field, specify the current release number.
■
In the Patch Type field, specify Patchset/Minipack.
■
In the Platform or Language field, select your platform.
Updating Instant Client
To update Instant Client:
1.
Download Instant Client from Oracle Technology Network
http://www.oracle.com/technology/index.html.
2.
If you want to place the files in the existing directory, then ensure that the
directory is empty.
If you want to place the files into a different directory (and remove the previous
files), ensure that you update the PATH environment variable setting to reflect the
new location.
A restriction on using Instant Client or Instant Client Light is
that you cannot perform patch upgrades on it using the opatch
utility. The reason is that the Instant Client installation does not create
an inventory, which the patch upgrade process must perform. The
absence of an inventory also means that installed intern patch
reporting and conflict detection before a patch attempt are not
possible.
Note:
Connecting with Instant Client
If you installed the Instant Client installation type, you can configure users’
environments to enable dynamically linked client applications to connect to a database
as follows:
1.
Set the appropriate shared library path environment variable for the platform to
specify the directory that contains the Instant Client libraries. For the Instant
4-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
Client installation type, this directory is the Oracle home directory that you
specified during the installation, for example:
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/client_1
2.
Use one of the following methods to specify database connection information for
the client application:
■
Specify a SQL connect URL string using the following format:
//host:port/service_name
■
■
Set the TNS_ADMIN environment variable to specify the location of the
tnsnames.ora file and specify a service name from that file.
Set the TNS_ADMIN environment variable and set the TWO_TASK environment
variable to specify a service name from the tnsnames.ora file.
Note: You do not have to specify the ORACLE_HOME environment
variable.
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
Oracle recommends that you perform the tasks described in the following section after
completing an installation:
■
Configuring Instant Client Light
■
Creating a Backup of the root.sh Script
■
Connecting Instant Client or Instant Client Light to an Oracle Database
■
Setting Up User Accounts
■
Setting the NLS_LANG Environment Variable
■
Generating the Client Static Library
Configuring Instant Client Light
When you install Instant Client, the Instant Client libraries are installed under the
ORACLE_HOME directory and the Instant Client Light specific library is installed under
the ORACLE_HOME/light directory. To configure Instant Client Light, you must
replace the following files:
■
On HP-UX PA-RISC:
$ORACLE_HOME/libociei.sl with $ORACLE_HOME/light/libociicus.sl
■
On HP-UX Itanium:
$ORACLE_HOME/libociei.so with $ORACLE_HOME/light/libociicus.so
After replacing the library file, you must set the following environment variable to
point to the location of the Instant Client shared library files:
■
On HP-UX PA-RISC:
SHLIB_PATH
■
On HP-UX Itanium:
LD_LIBRARY_PATH
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-3
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
Creating a Backup of the root.sh Script
Oracle recommends that you back up the root.sh script after you complete an
installation. If you install other products in the same Oracle home directory, then
Oracle Universal Installer updates the contents of the existing root.sh script during
the installation. If you require information contained in the original root.sh script,
then you can recover it from the backed up root.sh file.
Connecting Instant Client or Instant Client Light to an Oracle Database
Before you can connect Instant Client (including Instant Client Light) to an Oracle
database, ensure that the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable specifies the
directory that contains the Instant Client libraries. This directory is the ORACLE_HOME
directory that you specified during installation.
For example, the shared libraries for Instant Client or Instant Client Light (if you have
configured Instant Client Light), are in:
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/client_1
After you have checked the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable, you can use
any of the following methods to specify Oracle Database connection information for
client applications:
■
Specifying a Connection by Using the Easy Connect Naming Method
■
Specifying a Connection by Configuring a tnsnames.ora File
■
Specifying a Connection by Using an Empty Connect String and the TWO_TASK
Environment Variable
Specifying a Connection by Using the Easy Connect Naming Method
You can specify a connection address to an Oracle Database directly from a client
application, without having to configure a tnsnames setting for the Instant Client.
This method is convenient in that you do not have to create and manage a
tnsnames.ora file. However, the application users must specify the host name and
port number when they want to log in to the application.
For example, you run SQL*Plus on the client computer and want to connect to the
sales_us database, which is located on a server whose host name is shobeen and
port number is 1521, then you can log in as follows:
Enter user-name: [email protected]@//shobeen:1521/sales_us
Similarly, in the application code, you can use Oracle Call Interface net naming
methods to create the Instant Client-to-Oracle Database connection. For example, the
following formats in the OCIServerAttach() call specify the connection
information:
■
Specify a SQL connect URL string using the following format:
//host[:port][/service_name]
For example:
//shobeen:1521/sales_us
■
Alternatively, you can specify the SQL connect information as an Oracle Net
keyword-value pair. For example:
"(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp) (HOST=shobeen) (PORT=1521))
4-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=sales_us)))"
See Also: Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for more
information on using Oracle Call Interface Instant Client
Specifying a Connection by Configuring a tnsnames.ora File
By default, when you install Instant Client, Oracle Universal Installer does not include
a sample tnsnames.ora file nor the Oracle Net Configuration Assistant utility
normally used to create it. However, if you want to shield users from having to specify
actual host names and port numbers, you may want to consider using a
tnsnames.ora file to set the Client-to-Oracle Database connection.
You can create the tnsnames.ora file manually by copying and modifying a version
of this file from another Oracle installation, or you can use Oracle Net Configuration
Assistant to create and manage it for you.
To install Oracle Net Configuration Assistant:
1.
Run Oracle Universal Installer.
2.
Select the Custom installation type.
3.
In the Summary screen, click Install, then click Exit and Yes to exit Oracle
Universal Installer.
On each client computer, configure either of the following settings:
■
■
Set the TNS_ADMIN environment variable to specify the location of the
tnsnames.ora file and specify a service name from that file.
Place the tnsnames.ora file in the $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin directory,
and ensure that the ORACLE_HOME environment has been set to this Oracle home.
See Also: Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for more
information on Oracle Call Interface Instant Client connection strings
Specifying a Connection by Using an Empty Connect String and the TWO_TASK
Environment Variable
You can set the connect string to an empty connect string (""), and then set the TWO_
TASK environment variable to one of the following values:
■
A direct address, as described under "Specifying a Connection by Using the Easy
Connect Naming Method" on page 4-4
■
Oracle Net keyword-value pair
■
A tnsnames.ora entry and TNS_ADMIN is set to the location of tnsnames.ora
■
A tnsnames.ora entry and the following:
–
tnsnames.ora file located in $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin
–
The ORACLE_HOME environment variable set to this Oracle home
This method allows the applications to specify internally a connection string if the
application code itself uses an empty connection string. The benefit of an empty
connect string is that the application itself does not need to specify the
tnsnames.ora entry. Instead, when a user invokes the application, the location of the
database is determined by a script or the environment, depending on where you have
set the TWO_TASK environment variable. The disadvantage of using empty strings is
that you must configure this additional information in order for the application to
connect to the database.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-5
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
Setting Up User Accounts
For information about setting up additional user accounts, refer to Oracle Database
Administrator's Reference for Linux and UNIX.
Setting the NLS_LANG Environment Variable
NLS_LANG is an environment variable that specifies the locale behavior for Oracle
software. This variable sets the language and territory used by the client application
and the database server. It also declares the character set of the client, which is the
character set of data entered or displayed by an Oracle client program, such as
SQL*Plus.
See Also: Appendix B, "Configuring Oracle Database
Globalization Support" for more information about the NLS_LANG
environment variable
The character set of the data displayed is determined by the
environment of the operating system, such as keyboard driver and
fonts in use. The NLS_LANG character set should match the operating
system.
Note:
Generating the Client Static Library
The client static library (libclntst11.a) is not generated during installation. If you
want to link the applications to the client static library, you must first generate it as
follows:
1.
Switch user to oracle.
2.
Set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to specify the Oracle home directory
used by the Oracle Database installation. For example:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
$ export ORACLE_HOME
■
C shell:
% setenv ORACLE_HOME /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
3.
Enter the following command:
$ $ORACLE_HOME/bin/genclntst
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
The following sections describe platform-specific postinstallation tasks that you must
perform if you install and intend to use the products mentioned:
■
Configuring Oracle Net Services
■
Configuring Oracle Precompilers
You need only perform postinstallation tasks for products
that you intend to use.
Note:
4-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
Configuring Oracle Net Services
If you have an earlier release of Oracle software installed on this system, you might
want to copy information from the Oracle Net tnsnames.ora and listener.ora
configuration files from the earlier release to the corresponding files for the new
release.
The default location for the tnsnames.ora and
listener.ora files is the $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/
directory. However, you can also use a central location for these
files.
Note:
If necessary, you can also add connection information for additional database
instances to the new file.
Configuring Oracle Precompilers
This section describes postinstallation tasks for Oracle precompilers:
■
Configuring Pro*C/C++
■
Configuring Pro*FORTRAN
All precompiler configuration files are located in the
$ORACLE_HOME/precomp/admin directory.
Note:
Configuring Pro*C/C++
Verify that the PATH environment variable setting includes the directory that contains
the C compiler executable.
Table 4–1 shows the default directories and the appropriate command to verify the
path setting of the compiler.
Table 4–1
C/C++ Compiler Directory
Path
Command
/usr/bin
$ which gcc
/opt/ansic/bin
$ which cc
Configuring Pro*FORTRAN
Verify that the PATH environment variable setting includes the directory that contains
the FORTRAN compiler executable. You can verify the path setting by using the
whichf90 command.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-7
Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
4-8 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
5
5
Removing Oracle Software
This chapter describes how to completely remove all Oracle software from an Oracle
home directory.
Removing Oracle Software
The following steps describe how to use Oracle Universal Installer to remove Oracle
software from an Oracle home:
Always use Oracle Universal Installer to remove Oracle
software. Do not delete any Oracle home directories without first
using Oracle Universal Installer to remove the software.
Note:
1.
If necessary, log in as the oracle user:
$ su - oracle
2.
Set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to specify the path of the Oracle
home directory that you want to remove:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
$ export ORACLE_HOME
■
C shell:
% setenv ORACLE_HOME /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
3.
Start Oracle Universal Installer as follows:
$ $ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin/runInstaller
4.
In the Welcome window, click Deinstall Products.
The Inventory screen appears, listing all of the Oracle homes on the system.
5.
In the Inventory screen, select the Oracle home and the products that you want to
remove, then click Remove.
If you choose to remove Oracle JVM, Oracle Universal
Installer removes all installed products that depend on Oracle JVM,
including Oracle Database 11g.
Note:
Removing Oracle Software 5-1
Removing Oracle Software
Oracle Universal Installer displays a confirmation window asking you to confirm
that you want to deinstall the products and their dependent components.
6.
Click Yes.
Oracle Universal Installer displays a progress indicator as it removes the software.
7.
Click Close on the Inventory screen.
8.
When the products have been deleted, click Cancel to exit from Oracle Universal
Installer, and then click Yes.
5-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
A
A
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database
Using Response Files
This appendix describes how to install and configure Oracle products using response
files. It includes information about the following topics:
■
How Response Files Work?
■
Preparing a Response File
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File
How Response Files Work?
You can automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or
partially, by specifying a response file when you start Oracle Universal Installer.
Oracle Universal Installer uses the values contained in the response file to provide
answers to some or all of Oracle Universal Installer prompt. It includes information
about the following topics:
■
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode
■
General Procedure for Using Response Files
Typically, Oracle Universal Installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it
prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When
you use response files to provide this information, you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command prompt using either of the following modes:
■
Silent mode
If you include responses for all of the prompts in the response file and specify the
-silent option when starting Oracle Universal Installer, then Oracle Universal
Installer runs in silent mode. During a silent-mode installation, Oracle Universal
Installer does not display any screens. Instead, it displays progress information in
the terminal that you used to start it.
■
Noninteractive (or suppressed) mode
If you include responses for some or all of the prompts in the response file and
omit the -silent option, then Oracle Universal Installer runs in suppressed
mode. During a suppressed-mode installation, Oracle Universal Installer displays
only the screens for which you did not specify all required information. You can
also use variables in the response file or command-line options to suppress other
installer screens, such as the Welcome screen or Summary screen, that do not
prompt for information.
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
A-1
How Response Files Work?
You define the settings for a silent or noninteractive installation by entering values for
the variables listed in the response file. For instance, to specify the Oracle home name,
you would supply the appropriate value for the ORACLE_HOME_NAME variable, as in
the following example:
ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraCLHome1"
Another way of specifying the response file’s variable settings is to pass them as
command line arguments when you run Oracle Universal Installer. For example:
-silent "ORACLE_HOME_NAME=OraDBHome1" ...
In this command, directory_path is the path of the database directory on the
DVD or the path of the Disk1 directory on the hard drive.
This method is particularly useful if you do not want to embed sensitive information,
such as passwords, in the response file. For example:
-silent "s_dlgRBOPassword=binks342" ...
Ensure that you enclose the variable and its setting in quotes.
See Also: Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for more
information about response file formats.
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode
The following table describes several reasons why you might want to run Oracle
Universal Installer in silent mode or suppressed mode.
Mode
Uses
Silent
Use silent mode if you want to:
■
■
■
Complete an unattended installation, which you might schedule using
operating system utilities such as at
Complete several similar installations on multiple systems without user
interaction
Install the software on a system that does not have X Window System
software installed on it
Oracle Universal Installer displays progress information in the terminal that
you used to start it, but it does not display any of Oracle Universal Installer
screens.
Suppressed
(noninteractive)
Use suppressed mode if you want to complete similar Oracle software
installations on more than one system, providing default answers to some,
but not all of Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
If you do not specify information required for a particular Installer screen in
the response file, then Oracle Universal Installer displays that screen. It
suppresses screens for which you have provided all of the required
information.
General Procedure for Using Response Files
The following are the general steps to install and configure Oracle products using
Oracle Universal Installer in silent or suppressed mode:
A-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Preparing a Response File
You must complete all required preinstallation tasks on a
system before running Oracle Universal Installer in silent or
suppressed mode.
Note:
1.
Create the oraInst.loc file.
2.
Prepare a response file.
3.
Run Oracle Universal Installer in silent or suppressed mode.
4.
If you completed a software-only installation, then run Net Configuration
Assistant and Database Configuration Assistant in silent or noninteractive mode if
required.
These steps are described in the following sections.
Preparing a Response File
This section describes the following methods to prepare a response file for use during
silent-mode or suppressed-mode installations:
■
Editing a Response File Template
■
Recording a Response File
Editing a Response File Template
This method is most useful for the Enterprise Edition or Standard Edition installation
types.
Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for
each configuration tool. These files are located at database/response directory on
the installation media.
If you copied the software to a hard disk, the response files
are located in the database/response directory.
Note:
Table A–1 lists the response files provided with Oracle Database.
Table A–1
Response Files
Response File
Description
instantClient.rsp
Instant Client installation of Oracle Client
clientadmin.rsp
Administrator installation of Oracle Client
clientruntime.rsp
Runtime installation of Oracle Client
clientcustom.rsp
Custom installation of Oracle Client
To copy and modify a response file:
1.
Copy the response file from the response file directory to a directory on your
system:
$ cp /directory_path/response/response_file.rsp local_directory
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
A-3
Preparing a Response File
In this example, directory_path is the path to the database directory on the
installation media. If you have copied the software to a hard drive, then you can
edit the file in the response directory if you prefer.
2.
Open the response file in a text editor:
$ vi /local_dir/response_file.rsp
In addition to editing settings specific to the Oracle Database installation, check
that the FROM_LOCATION path is correct and points to the products.xml file in
the stage directory in the installation media. You may want to set this variable to
point to an absolute path, for example:
FROM_LOCATION="/directory_path/stage/products.xml"
Remember that you can specify sensitive information, such as passwords, at the
command line rather than within the response file. "How Response Files Work?"
on page A-1 explains this method.
See Also: Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for
detailed information on creating response files
3.
Follow the instructions in the file to edit it.
Note: Oracle Universal Installer or configuration assistant fails if
you do not correctly configure the response file. Refer to
"Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling" section on page C-4 for
more information about troubleshooting a failed silent-mode
installation.
Recording a Response File
You can use Oracle Universal Installer in interactive mode to record a response file,
which you can edit and then use to complete silent-mode or suppressed-mode
installations. This method is useful for custom or software-only installations.
When you record the response file, you can either complete the installation, or you can
exit from Oracle Universal Installer on the Summary page, before it starts to copy the
software to the system.
If you use record mode during a noninteractive mode installation, then Oracle
Universal Installer records the variable values that were specified in the original
source response file into the new response file.
You cannot use record mode to create a response file during
an installation that uses the Basic installation method.
Note:
To record a response file:
1.
Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer to record a response file, it checks the
system to verify that it meets the requirements to install the software. For this
reason, Oracle recommends that you complete all of the required preinstallation
tasks and record the response file while completing an installation.
2.
If you have not installed Oracle software on this system previously, create the
oraInst.loc file, as described in the previous section.
A-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File
3.
Ensure that the Oracle software owner user (typically oracle) has permissions to
create or write to the Oracle home path that you will specify when you run Oracle
Universal Installer.
4.
To record a response file, enter a command similar to the following to start Oracle
Universal Installer:
Do not specify a relative path to the response file. If you
specify a relative path, then Oracle Universal Installer fails.
Note:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller -record -destinationFile response_filename
In this command:
■
■
■
directory_path is the path of the database directory on the DVD or the
path of the Disk1 directory on the hard drive
The -record parameter specifies that you want to record the responses that
you enter in a response file
response_filename is the full path and file name of the response file that
you want to record
5.
On each Oracle Universal Installer screen, specify the required information.
6.
When Oracle Universal Installer displays the Summary screen, perform one of the
following actions:
■
■
Click Install to create the response file, then continue with the installation.
Click Cancel and then Yes to create the response file but exit from Oracle
Universal Installer without installing the software.
The response file is saved in the location that you specified using the
-destinationFile option.
7.
If you do not complete the installation, then delete the Oracle home directory that
Oracle Universal Installer created using the path you specified on the Specify File
Locations screen.
8.
Before using the recorded response file on another system, edit the file and make
any required changes.
Use the instructions in the file as a guide when editing it.
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File
Now, you are ready to run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line, specifying
the response file you created, to perform the installation. The Oracle Universal
Installer executable, runInstaller, provides several options. For help information
on the full set of these options, run the runInstaller command with the -help
option, for example:
$ directory_path/runInstaller -help
The help information appears in a window after some time.
To run Oracle Universal Installer using a response file:
1.
Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.
2.
Log in as the Oracle software owner user (typically oracle).
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
A-5
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File
3.
If you are completing a suppressed-mode installation, set the DISPLAY
environment variable.
You do not have to set the DISPLAY environment variable if
you are completing a silent-mode installation.
Note:
4.
To start Oracle Universal Installer in silent or suppressed mode, enter a command
similar to the following:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller [-silent] [-noconfig] \
-responseFile responsefilename
Do not specify a relative path to the response file. If you
specify a relative path, then Oracle Universal Installer fails.
Note:
In this example:
■
■
■
■
directory_path is the path of the database directory on the DVD or the
path of the Disk1 directory on the hard drive.
-silent indicates that you want to run Oracle Universal Installer in silent
mode.
-noconfig suppresses running the configuration assistants during
installation, and a software-only installation is performed instead.
responsefilename is the full path and file name of the installation response
file that you configured.
For more information about other options for the
runInstaller command, enter the following command:
Note:
$ /directory_path/runInstaller -help
5.
When the installation completes, log in as the root user and run the root.sh
script:
$ su password:
# /oracle_home_path/root.sh
A-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
B
B
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization
Support
This appendix describes the following Globalization Support topics:
■
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
This section describes the following procedures:
■
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
■
Installing Translation Resources
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
You can specify the language and the territory, or locale, in which you want to use
Oracle components. The locale setting of a component determines the language of the
user interface of the component and the globalization behavior, such as date and
number formatting. Depending on the Oracle component, the locale of the component
is either inherited from the operating system session that started the component, or is
defined by the NLS_LANG environment variable.
The operating system locale usually influences Oracle components that are based on
Java technology. The NLS_LANG environment variable usually influences Oracle
components that use Oracle Client libraries such as OCI.
The user interface of an Oracle component will be displayed in
a selected language only if the appropriate translation is available and
has been installed. Otherwise, the user interface will be displayed in
English.
Note:
Determining the Operating System Locale by Using the LANG Environment Variable
The locale setting of your operating system session determines the language of the
user interface and the globalization behavior for components such as Oracle Universal
Installer, Oracle Net Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant. It also determines the globalization behavior of Oracle Database sessions
created by a user application through Oracle JDBC driver, unless overridden by the
application.
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
B-1
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
The operating system locale on HP-UX is determined by the value of the LANG
environment variable. Depending on your desktop environment, such as CDE,
GNOME, or telnet, you can select a default session locale on a login screen, in a
configuration panel, or in a configuration file.
Refer to the operating system documentation on how to select
a locale for the operating system session in your desktop
environment.
Note:
You can modify the LANG variable in the environment of your shell to start an Oracle
component in a selected language.
For example, to start Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in German, enter one of
the following commands:
Note: The LC_ALL environment variable overrides the value of the
LANG environment variable. For the commands listed in this section
to work, either ensure that the LC_ALL environment variable is not set
in the environment, or substitute LC_ALL for LANG.
■
C shell (csh):
$ (setenv LANG de_DE.iso88591; dbca)
■
Bourne shell (sh) or Korn shell (ksh):
$ LANG=de_DE.iso88591 dbca
To modify the operating system locale for all Oracle components started from now on
by the given shell, modify the LANG variable using one of the following commands:
■
C shell (csh):
$ setenv LANG de_DE.iso88591
$ ...
■
Bourne shell (sh) or Korn shell (ksh):
$ LANG=de_DE.iso88591; export LANG
$ ...
The value of the LANG environment variable must be a valid operating system locale.
To see the list of valid locales, enter the following command:
$ locale -a
Refer to the operating system documentation for a mapping
between values of the LANG environment variable and the languages
and territories that they represent.
Note:
Configuring Locale and Character Sets by Using the NLS_LANG Environment
Variable
The NLS_LANG environment variable determines the language of the user interface
and the globalization behavior for components such as SQL*Plus, exp, and imp. It sets
B-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
the language and territory used by the client application and the database. It also
declares the character set for entering and displaying data by the client application.
The NLS_LANG environment variable uses the following format:
NLS_LANG=language_territory.characterset
In this format:
■
■
■
language specifies the language used for displaying user interface, error
messages, sorting, day names, and month names
territory specifies the conventions for default date, monetary and numeric
formats
characterset specifies the encoding used by the client application
In most cases, this is the Oracle character set that corresponds to the character set
of the user terminal or the operating system.
The NLS_LANG environment variable is set as a local environment variable for the
shell on all UNIX-based platforms. For example, if the operating system locale setting
is en_US.utf8, then the corresponding value of NLS_LANG environment variable is
AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8.
See Also: Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information
about the NLS_LANG and other Globalization Support parameters
The following examples illustrate some of the valid values for the NLS_LANG
environment variable.
Refer to the operating system documentation for
information on how to determine the operating system locale
environment setting.
Note:
Operating System Locale
NLS_LANG Values
French (France)
FRENCH_FRANCE.WE8ISO8859P15
FRENCH_FRANCE.WE8ISO8859P1
FRENCH_FRANCE.WE8MSWIN1252
FRENCH_FRANCE.AL32UTF8
Japanese (Japan)
JAPANESE_JAPAN.JA16EUC
JAPANESE_JAPAN.JA16SJIS
JAPANESE_JAPAN.AL32UTF8
Installing Translation Resources
To view the user interface of Oracle components in different languages, you must
install the appropriate language translations along with the component. To select the
translation resources that you want to install:
1.
Start Oracle Universal Installer.
2.
On the Select Installation Type screen, click Product Languages.
3.
On the Language Selection screen, select the language in which you want to use
Oracle components from the Available Languages field.
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
B-3
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
The Available Languages field lists all languages supported by
Oracle globalization libraries. The set of languages for which a
translation is actually available is usually smaller and depends on a
particular component. The scope of translation for a given component
may differ between languages. For example, some translations may
include all user interface text, while others may include only error
messages and no help files.
Note:
4.
Use the > arrow to move the selected language to the Selected Languages field,
and then click OK.
Oracle Universal Installer will ignore languages in the Selected
Languages field for which no translation is available.
Note:
5.
Select the products you want, and then click Next.
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
Your operating system locale determines the language in which Oracle Universal
Installer runs. Oracle Universal Installer may run in one of the following languages:
■
Brazilian Portuguese (pt_BR)
■
French (fr)
■
German (de)
■
Italian (it)
■
Japanese (ja)
■
Korean (ko)
■
Simplified Chinese (zh_CN)
■
Spanish (es)
■
Traditional Chinese (zh_TW)
To run Oracle Universal Installer in one of the available languages, change the locale
in which your operating system session is running before you start Oracle Universal
Installer with the ./runInstaller command. If the selected language is not one of
the listed previoulsly, Oracle Universal Installer runs in English.
You must ensure that the selected value for the LANG environment variable starts with
the appropriate language abbreviation. In the aforementioned list of languages, in
which Oracle Universal Installer can run, the required abbreviation appears in
parentheses beside the language name. For example, fr_FR and fr_CA are valid values
to run the Oracle Universal Installer in French.
B-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
C
C
Troubleshooting
This appendix contains information about troubleshooting. It includes information
about the following topics:
■
Verify Requirements
■
X Window Display Errors
■
What to Do If an Installation Error Occurs?
■
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
■
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
■
Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling
■
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
Verify Requirements
Before performing any of the troubleshooting steps in this appendix, ensure that the
system meets the requirements and that you have completed all of the preinstallation
tasks specified in Chapter 2.
Read the Release Notes
Read the release notes for the product before installing it. The release notes are
available on the Oracle Database 11g DVD. The latest version of the release notes is
also available on the Oracle Technology Network Web site:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/
X Window Display Errors
If you run Oracle Universal Installer on a remote system and you want to display
Oracle Universal Installer’s user interface on your local system, you might see error
messages similar to the following:
"Failed to connect to server"
"Connection refused by server"
"Can’t open display"
If you see one of these error messages, follow these steps:
Troubleshooting C-1
What to Do If an Installation Error Occurs?
This procedure applies only to users of UNIX workstations.
If you are using a PC or other system with X server software
installed, refer to the X server documentation for information about
how to permit remote systems to display X applications on the local
system.
Note:
1.
In a local terminal window, log in as the user that started the X Window session.
2.
Enter the following command:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
For example:
$ xhost somehost.us.example.com
3.
Enter the following commands, where workstation_name is the host name or IP
address of your workstation:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ DISPLAY=workstation_name:0.0
$ export DISPLAY
■
C shell:
% setenv DISPLAY workstation_name:0.0
4.
To determine whether X Window applications display correctly on the local
system, enter the following command:
$ xclock
The X clock should appear on your monitor.
5.
If the X clock appears, close the X clock and start Oracle Universal Installer again.
What to Do If an Installation Error Occurs?
If you encounter an error during installation:
■
■
■
■
■
Do not exit Oracle Universal Installer.
If you clicked Next after you entered incorrect information on one of the
installation screens, click Back to return to the screen and correct the information.
If you encounter an error while Oracle Universal Installer is copying or linking
files, refer to "Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session" section on page C-2.
If you encounter an error while a configuration assistant is running, refer to
"Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants" section on page C-3.
If you cannot resolve the problem, remove the failed installation by following the
steps listed in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation" section on page C-4.
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
During an installation, Oracle Universal Installer records all of the actions that it
performs in a log file. If you encounter problems during the installation, review the log
file for information about possible causes of the problem.
C-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
To view the log file, follow these steps:
1.
If necessary, enter the following command to determine the location of the
oraInventory directory:
$ cat /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
The inventory_loc parameter in this file specifies the location of the
oraInventory directory.
2.
Enter the following command to change directory to Oracle Universal Installer log
file directory, where orainventory_location is the location of the
oraInventory directory:
$ cd /orainventory_location/logs
3.
Enter the following command to determine the name of the log file:
$ ls -ltr
This command lists the files in the order of creation, with the most recent file
shown last. Installer log files have names similar to the following, where date_
time indicates the date and time that the installation started:
installActionsdate_time.log
4.
To view the most recent entries in the log file, where information about a problem
is most likely to appear, enter a command similar to the following:
$ tail -50 installActionsdate_time.log | more
This command displays the last 50 lines in the log file.
5.
If the error displayed by Oracle Universal Installer or listed in the log file indicates
a relinking problem, refer to the following file for more information:
$ORACLE_HOME/install/make.log
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
To troubleshoot an installation error that occurs when a configuration assistant is
running:
■
■
■
Review the installation log files listed in the "Reviewing the Log of an Installation
Session" section on page C-2.
Review the specific configuration assistant log file located in the $ORACLE_
HOME/cfgtoollogs directory. Try to fix the issue that caused the error.
If you see the "Irrecoverable Error. Reinstall" message, look for the cause of the
problem by reviewing the log files. Refer to "Irrecoverable Errors" on page C-4 for
further instructions.
Configuration Assistant Failure
Oracle configuration assistant failures are noted at the bottom of the installation
screen. The configuration assistant interface displays additional information, if
available. The configuration assistant execution status is stored in the following file:
oraInventory_location/logs/installActionsdate_time.log
The execution status codes are listed in the following table:
Troubleshooting C-3
Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling
Status
Result Code
Configuration assistant succeeded
0
Configuration assistant failed
1
Configuration assistant cancelled
-1
Irrecoverable Errors
If you receive a irrecoverable error while a configuration assistant is running, you
must remove the current installation and reinstall the Oracle software, as follows:
1.
Remove the failed installation as described in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed
Installation" section on page C-4.
2.
Correct the cause of the irrecoverable error.
3.
Reinstall the Oracle software.
Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling
To determine whether a silent-mode installation succeeds or fails, refer to the
following log file:
/oraInventory_location/logs/silentInstalldate_time.log
If necessary, refer to the previous section for information about determining the
location of the oraInventory directory.
A silent installation fails if:
■
You do not specify a response file
■
You specify an incorrect or incomplete response file
For example, a common problem is that while all the product-specific data is filled
out correctly, the staging area location may be incorrect. If this is the case, check
the FROM_LOCATION variable and ensure that it points to the products.xml file
in the installation media. In the installation media, this products.xml is in
response/stage.
■
Oracle Universal Installer encounters an error, such as insufficient disk space
Oracle Universal Installer or configuration assistant validates the response file at run
time. If the validation fails, the silent-mode installation or configuration process ends.
Oracle Universal Installer treats values for parameters that are of the wrong context,
format, or type as if no value was specified in the file.
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
If an installation fails, you must remove files that Oracle Universal Installer created
during the attempted installation and remove the Oracle home directory. Perform the
following steps to remove the files:
1.
Start Oracle Universal Installer as described in "Installing the Oracle Client
Software" on page 3-4.
2.
Click Deinstall Products on the Welcome window or click Installed Products on
any Installer window.
The Inventory window appears, listing installed products.
C-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
3.
Select the Oracle home that contains the products that you want to remove, then
click Remove.
4.
Manually remove the Oracle home directory created during the failed installation.
5.
Reinstall the Oracle software.
To reinstall, you must drop either one or two database schemas, depending upon the
installation type.
Troubleshooting C-5
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
C-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
D
D
Frequently Asked Questions About
Installation
Use the following guidelines to decide how to install Oracle Database components:
■
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Client
■
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
■
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Some Oracle Database components may not be available on all
platforms. Consult your platform-specific installation guide or release
notes.
Note:
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Client
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database:
■
■
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test database
to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for these
situations?
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
■
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
■
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
■
■
■
■
What is the best way to install Oracle Client if my client nodes have limited disk
space?
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test database
to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for these
situations?
■
If you want a quick installation using the default installation settings, then refer to
the platform-specific Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
D-1
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Client
■
If your site has special requirements, then refer to platform-specific Oracle Database
Installation Guide for more information.
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
If you want to create a starter database designed for transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications, then refer to platform-specific Oracle Database Installation
Guide for more details. Select the Advanced Installation method, and then select the
database type you want on the Select Database Configuration screen.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Alternatively, you can install Oracle OLAP during the Oracle Database installation.
Oracle OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet
OLAP requirements. To do so, select Advanced Installation, then Custom, and on the
Available Product Components screen, select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide to install Oracle Database using
either of the following methods:
■
■
Installing with response files: This method lets you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command line using a response file that contains settings specific to each
computer.
Cloning an existing Oracle home: Install Oracle Database in one computer using
interactive mode. Afterwards, you can clone its existing Oracle home in each
location and then create a new database from there. You can also clone databases,
which is described in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide.
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
1. Install Oracle Database on a server by using platform-specific Oracle Database
Installation Guide for more information.
2.
Use this guide to install Oracle Client on each client node, and select the Instant
Client installation type.
If you have many client nodes, consider staging the software centrally, mapping
the drive, and running Oracle Universal Installer in the noninteractive mode.
If the client nodes only require a default installation into a new Oracle home
directory, consider using platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide for
more information.
What is the best way to install Oracle Client if my client nodes have limited disk
space?
1. Install Oracle Database onto a server by using platform-specific Oracle Database
Installation Guide for more details.
2.
Use this guide to install Oracle Client on each client node, and select the Instant
Client installation type.
D-2 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
If you have many client nodes, then consider running Oracle Universal Installer in
noninteractive mode.
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
Refer to Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide if you want to use
software cloning to upgrade Oracle Database
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
Use any of the following installation scenarios:
■
■
■
If you want to run a single-instance Oracle Database in a clustered environment,
then install Oracle Clusterware either before or after you install Oracle Database.
If you want a consolidated pool of storage for all databases in a cluster, then install
Oracle Clusterware first and use Automatic Storage Management to manage this
storage. Afterwards, install Oracle Database (which can be either single instance or
Real Application Clusters).
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, first install Oracle
Clusterware, and then install Oracle Real Application Clusters.
Refer to platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide andOracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide for HP-UX for the platform to install Oracle
Clusterware or Oracle Real Application Clusters. Oracle Clusterware is available on
the Oracle Clusterware installation media. Refer to platform-specific Oracle Database
Installation Guide which explains how to install Automatic Storage Management and
Oracle Database.
Oracle Clusterware is a key component required by Oracle Real Application Clusters
installations. Oracle Clusterware is an integrated cluster management solution that can
bind multiple servers together to act as a single system. This is referred to as a cluster.
It performs workload management and component restart. For example, when an
instance supporting a particular service fails, Oracle Clusterware restarts the service
on the next available instance that you have configured for that service. Oracle
Clusterware can monitor non-Oracle programs, as long as they are defined within the
Oracle Clusterware environment using the High Availability API.
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
Use Oracle Migration Workbench to migrate your non-Oracle databases and
applications to Oracle. Oracle Migration Workbench software and documentation are
available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/tech/migration/index.html
Installing Oracle Database Tools
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database tools:
■
How do I install Oracle Application Server?
■
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
D-3
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
■
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover hidden
meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
■
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
■
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
■
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
How do I install Oracle Application Server?
Refer to Oracle Application Server Installation Guide. How you install Application Server
depends on whether you already have Oracle Database installed:
■
■
If you do not have Oracle Database installed or you do not want Oracle
Application Server to use any of your existing Oracle Databases, then Oracle
Universal Installer lets you install a separate Oracle Application Server instance.
This database is populated with the metadata that Oracle Application Server must
run.
If you want Oracle Application Server to use an existing Oracle Database, then do
the following:
1.
From the Oracle Application Server installation media, run Oracle Application
Server Repository Creation Assistant to populate your database with the
metadata that Application Server needs.
2.
Install the remaining Oracle Application Server components by following the
instructions in the Oracle Application Server Installation Guide.
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
To perform regular administrative functions such as creating, configuring, or deleting
databases, or managing database templates, use one of the following methods:
To manage only the single database and listener that you are installing:
1.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide to install Oracle Database.
2.
From Oracle Database, use Database Configuration Assistant to manage your
databases.
You can also administer and monitor the database with Oracle Enterprise
Manager Grid Control, which is installed by default with Oracle Database. Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control includes the Oracle Management Agent, Oracle
Management Service, and Oracle Management Repository, and Grid Control, a
browser-based central console through which administrators can perform all
monitoring, administration, and configuration tasks for the enterprise.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic
Configuration available on the Enterprise Manager Grid Control
installation media
To perform advanced administration tasks, such as monitoring Oracle Database and
managing multiple hosts, application servers, and databases including the one that
you are installing, install Oracle Enterprise Manager as follows:
1.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide to install Oracle Database.
D-4 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, then install Oracle Database
by using platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide and Oracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide for HP-UX.
2.
Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration to
install and configure Oracle Enterprise Manager. For postconfiguration tasks, use
Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration.
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
Oracle provides a wide range of security solutions for your enterprise environment,
including centralized administration and security features integrated with Oracle
Internet Directory. The set of Oracle security services called Oracle Platform Security
integrates the security features built into Oracle Database, Oracle Application Server,
and the Oracle Identity Management infrastructure. Combined, these features enable
the development and deployment of secure e-business applications.
Oracle Identity Management includes Oracle Internet Directory, a centralized
repository that simplifies administration of users and applications in the Oracle
environment by the following components:
■
■
Oracle Internet Directory client tools, including LDAP command-line tools, the
Oracle Internet Directory SDK, and Oracle Directory Manager.
Oracle Internet Directory server components, including the directory server, the
directory replication server, the directory integration server, and various tools for
starting and stopping them.
Oracle Database includes the Oracle Internet Directory client tools, but not the Oracle
Internet Directory server components. To install the Oracle Internet Directory server
components, run Oracle Universal Installer from an Oracle 10g Application Server
installation.
See Also:
■
Oracle Application Server Installation Guide (to install Oracle
Identity Management)
■
Oracle Database Security Guide
■
Oracle Database Advanced Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Database Enterprise User Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Label Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Application Server Security Guide
■
Oracle Technology Network topics on database security
(http://www.oracle.com/technology/deploy/security
/index.html)
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
Use Oracle XML DB, which is installed as part of Oracle Database. Oracle XML DB
enables you to efficiently store, generate, retrieve, query, and manage XML data on
your site. Oracle XML DB provides all the advantages of a relational database, for
example, allowing you to control the referential integrity of XML data with constraints
and triggers. It works well with large amounts of XML data by storing it in a parsed,
relational form, which improves access performance.
Oracle XML DB supports XML Type, which is a native data type for XML data, for
which you can choose various storage options depending on your needs. In addition,
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
D-5
Installing Oracle Database Tools
Oracle XML DB supports XML Schema processing, structured and unstructured
storage, a content repository that you can access by using common protocols (FTP,
HTTP(S), and WebDAV), and SQL/XML, which is a standard for SQL with XML. For
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), Oracle XML DB introduced support for the
XQuery language for querying, transforming, and constructing XML; the ability for
users to define their own metadata for schema-based XML; a set of new SQL functions
for DML operations on XML data; and more.
You can use Oracle XML DB in conjunction with Oracle XML Developer’s Kit (XDK) to
build applications that run on either Oracle Database or Oracle Application Server.
See Also:
■
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
■
Oracle XML Developer's Kit Programmer's Guide
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Yes, install Oracle OLAP, which is provided in the Oracle Database installation. Oracle
OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet OLAP
requirements.
Use either of the following methods in Oracle Database Installation Guide to install
Oracle OLAP:
■
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, select the Custom installation type, and
in the Available Product Components screen, select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
Select the Enterprise Edition installation type, and then on the Select Database
Configuration screen, select the Data Warehouse configuration.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover hidden
meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
Yes. Install Oracle Data Mining, which is provided in the Oracle Database installation.
With the Oracle Data Mining option, you can create and execute predictive and
descriptive data mining models that use a variety of algorithms.
Use the following method in platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide to
install Oracle Data Mining:
1.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, select the Enterprise Edition installation
type.
2.
In the Select Database Configuration screen, select the General
Purpose/Transaction Processing configuration.
D-6 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
See Also: The following manuals after you have installed Oracle
Data Mining:
■
Oracle Data Mining Concepts
■
Oracle Data Mining Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Application Developer's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Java API Reference
■
Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference (search for
Data Mining)
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
Use Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN), which is a backup and recovery tool
integrated into Oracle Database. This tool satisfies the pressing demands of
high-performance, manageable backup, and recovery. Recovery Manager is native to
the database server, automatically tracks database structure changes, and optimizes
operations accordingly. In addition, Recovery Manager is integrated with leading tape
media management products, so that Oracle database backups can be integrated with
your existing networked data protection infrastructure.
See Also:
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Reference
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle Workflow is no longer released with the
database. Oracle Workflow will be available with the Oracle E-Business Suite releases.
See Also: Oracle Workflow statement of direction
(http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/ias/workf
low/workflow_sod.html)
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
Starting January 2006, customers are encouraged to re-create and implement
workflows using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Oracle is in the process of creating a
technical migration guide that will provide detailed recommendations for migrating
Oracle Workflow processes to Oracle BPEL Process Manager.
See Also: Oracle Workflow statement of direction
(http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/ias/workf
low/workflow_sod.html)
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database with
Oracle applications:
■
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
■
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
■
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
■
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
D-7
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
In most cases, install Oracle Database itself, then install the Oracle application. The
Oracle Universal Installer for that application prompts you for the connection
information. Check the application documentation requirements.
If you must implement your applications with Oracle Real Applications Clusters
databases, refer to Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for HP-UX and
platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide.
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
Install Oracle Application Express and a web server:
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Installation Guide to install Oracle Database.
Oracle Application Express is automatically installed, when you install Oracle
database.
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
Install Oracle HTTP Server, which ships on the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web Tier
Utilities 11g (11.1.1.2.0) media in your media pack, or use the XML DB HTTP Protocol
Server and the embedded PL/SQL Gateway that installs with Oracle Database 11g
Release 1.
Use Oracle Database Installation Guide to install Oracle Database.
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
Use Oracle Migration Workbench to migrate your non-Oracle applications to Oracle.
Oracle Migration Workbench software and documentation are available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/tech/migration/index.html
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
The following section discusses about Gateway products:
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
You can use Oracle Database Gateway as the connectivity tool to enable Oracle
applications to access data in non-Oracle databases. The following are the functions of
Oracle Database Gateway:
■
■
Integrates a non-Oracle database into your Oracle Database environment.
Enables Oracle PL/SQL applications to integrate with APPC-enabled transactions,
or access messages in IBM Websphere MQ.
You can install the Gateway product on a computer independent of the Oracle
application, Oracle database, and non-Oracle database.
For example, suppose you have the following scenario:
■
■
■
Oracle Database is installed on an UNIX computer.
The Oracle application is installed on a Microsoft Windows computer and accesses
data from the Oracle database on the UNIX computer.
The Oracle application must join data in a DB2 database on Solaris Operating
System and an Oracle Database on UNIX.
D-8 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
You have the option of installing the Database Gateway for DRDA on the Solaris
computer where DB2 is running, on UNIX where Oracle is running, or on a third
computer.
Table D–1 lists the non-Oracle database systems that you can access from Oracle
applications, and the Gateways products that are available for those systems.
Table D–1
Oracle Gateway Products
Non-Oracle Database
Oracle Gateway Products and Documentation
IBM DB2 Universal
Database (UDB)
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
IBM DB2 z/OS
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA
User's Guide.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA
User's Guide.
IBM DB2/400
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA
User's Guide.
WebSphere MQ
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ.
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ Installation and User's Guide.
CICS/TS
Oracle Database Gateway for APPC.
IMSTM
Use Oracle Database Gateway for APPC Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L
Based Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), Solaris Operating System (SPARC
64-Bit), and Linux x86.
SQL Server
Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for SQL
Server User's Guide.
Sybase Adaptive Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase
User's Guide.
Teradata
Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata
User's Guide.
Informix Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Informix.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for AIX 5L Based
Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), HP-UX Itanium, Solaris Operating System
(SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64 and Oracle Database Gateway for Informix
User's Guide.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
D-9
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Table D–1 (Cont.) Oracle Gateway Products
Non-Oracle Database
Oracle Gateway Products and Documentation
IMS
Oracle Database Gateway for IMS.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for AIX 5L Based Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), Solaris Operating
System (SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64, Oracle Database Gateway for IMS
User's Guide and Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and
Configuration Guide for IBM z/OS
VSAM
Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for AIX 5L Based Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), Solaris Operating
System (SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64, Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM
User's Guide and Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and
Configuration Guide for IBM z/OS.
Adabas
Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for AIX 5L Based Systems (64-Bit), HP-UX PA-RISC (64-Bit), Solaris Operating
System (SPARC 64-Bit), Linux x86, and Linux x86-64, Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas
User's Guide and Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and
Configuration Guide for IBM z/OS.
D-10 Oracle Database Client Installation Guide
Index
Symbols
/, C-3
A
Acucorp ACUCOBOL-GT
requirement on Linux, 2-7
Administrator
disk space requirements, 2-4
Administrator installation type, 1-4
administrator.rsp file, A-3
APPC-enabled databases, D-9
applications, empty connection strings, 4-5
applications, migrating non-Oracle applications to
Oracle, D-8
authorized problem analysis report
See APAR
B
backups of database
Oracle Database Recovery Manager,
base directory
See Oracle base directory
Bash shell
default user startup file, 2-14
.bash_profile file, 2-14
Basic installation type
noninteractive installations, A-4
Bourne shell
default user startup file, 2-14
bundle
checking, 2-4
D-7
C
C compiler
requirement, 2-5
See also Pro*C/C++
C shell
default user startup file, 2-14
certification, hardware and software, 1-2
Character Set Scanner, 1-5
checking distribution of the operating system, 2-4
checking version of the operating system, 2-4
chmod command, 2-13
chown command, 2-13
client static library, generating, 4-6
Cluster Ready Services (CSS). See Oracle Clusterware
clusters
See also Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Real
Application Clusters
configuration assistants
failure, C-3
troubleshooting, C-3
Custom
disk space requirements, 2-4
Custom installation type, 1-4
custom.rsp file, A-3
D
data mining tools
Oracle Data Mining, D-6
data warehousing tool
Oracle OLAP, D-6
Database Configuration Assistant
troubleshooting, C-3
databases
non-Oracle
APPC-enabled, D-9
non-Oracle, listed, D-9
OLAP support (Oracle OLAP), D-6
recovery with Oracle Backup and Recovery, D-7
security management, D-5
DB2 database, D-9
DB2 z/OS database, D-9
DB2/400 database, D-9
default file mode creation mask
setting, 2-14
directory
Oracle base directory, 2-10
Oracle home directory, 2-12
Oracle Inventory directory, 2-11
oraInventory, 2-11
disc
mounting, 3-3
disk space
checking, 2-3, 2-4
disk space requirements
Administrator, 2-4
Custom, 2-4
Index-1
Instant Client, 2-4
Runtime, 2-4
DISPLAY environment variable
setting, 2-14
E
easy connect naming method for Instant
Client-to-database connection, 4-4
empty connect strings, 4-5
env command, 2-17
environment
checking settings, 2-17
configuring for oracle user, 2-14
environment variables
DISPLAY, 2-14
NLS_LANG, B-2
ORACLE_BASE, 2-11, 2-14
ORACLE_HOME, 2-14, 2-16
PATH, 2-14
removing from shell startup file, 2-15
SHELL, 2-14
TMP and TMPDIR, 2-3, 2-15
TNS_ADMIN, 2-16, 4-5
TWO_TAKS, 4-5
errors
configuration assistants, C-3
installation, C-2, C-4
noninteractive installation, C-4
silent mode, C-4
X Window, C-1
X Window display errors, C-1
examples
Oracle base directories, 2-11
F
fatal errors, C-4
file mode creation mask
setting, 2-14
file sets, 2-4
file system
appropriate for Oracle base directory, 2-13
files
administrator.rsp, A-3
.bash_profile, 2-14
custom.rsp, A-3
editing shell startup file, 2-14
instantclient.rsp, A-3
.login, 2-14
oraInst.loc, 2-9, 2-12
oratab, 2-13
.profile, 2-14
response files, A-3
runtime.rsp, A-3
tnsnames.ora, 4-7
filesets
checking, 2-4
Index-2
G
Gateways products FAQ, D-8
globalization support, B-1
Grid Control. See Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control
groups
checking for existing oinstall group, 2-9
creating the oinstall group, 2-9
H
hardware certification, 1-2
hardware requirements, 2-2
home directory
See Oracle home directory
I
IBM DB2 database, D-9
IBM DB2 z/OS database, D-9
IBM DB2/400 database, D-9
IBM WebSphere MQ Series databases, D-9
Informix Server database, D-9
installation
accessing installation software, 3-1
available products, 1-3
cleaning up after a failed installation, C-4
component-specific guidelines, 3-1
considerations, 1-2
errors, C-2, C-4
silent mode, C-4
log files, C-2
noninteractive
error handling, C-4
overview, 1-1 to ??
procedure, 3-6
reinstalling Oracle software, 3-1
response files, A-1, A-3
preparing, A-3, A-4
silent mode, C-4
templates, A-3
silent mode, A-5, A-6
upgrading, D-3
installation errors
steps to resolve, C-2
installation overview, 1-1
installation software
copying to a hard disk, 3-4
extracting, 3-2
installation software, accessing, 3-1
installation types
Administrator, 1-4
Custom, 1-4
Instant Client, 1-3
Runtime, 1-4
Instant Client
connecting to database with Oracle Call
Interface, 4-4
connecting to Oracle Database, 4-4
disk space requirements, 2-4
easy connect naming method, 4-4
empty connect strings, 4-5
Instant Client Light
about, 1-3
connecting to database, 4-4
restrictions, 4-2
updates, 4-2
patch upgrades, 4-2
restrictions, 4-2
TNS_ADMIN environment variable, connecting to
database, 4-5
tnsnames.ora file connection method, 4-5
TWO_TASK environment variable, connecting to
database, 4-5
updates, 4-2
Instant Client installation type, 1-3
Instant Client Light
about, 1-3
connecting to database, 4-4
restrictions, 4-2
updates, 4-2
Instant Client Light, configuring, 4-3
Instant Client, connecting with, 4-2
instantclient.rsp file, A-3
J
JDK requirements, 2-4
K
Korn shell
default user startup file, 2-14
L
languages
installing Oracle components in different
languages, B-4
using Oracle components in different
languages, B-3
log files, C-2
troubleshooting, C-2
.login file, 2-14
M
mask
setting default file mode creation mask, 2-14
memory requirements, 2-2
Microsoft SQL Server database, D-9
migrating
See upgrading
migrating applications to Oracle, D-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, D-3
mkdir command, 2-13
mode
setting default file mode creation mask, 2-14
mount point
for Oracle base directory, 2-11
mount point directories, 3-4
multiple Oracle homes, 1-2
N
Net Configuration Assistant
troubleshooting, C-3
NLS_LANG environment variable, B-2
noninteractive installation
response files
preparing, A-3, A-4
templates, A-3
silent mode, A-5, A-6
errors, C-4
noninteractive mode
about, A-1
reasons for using, A-2
See also response files, silent mode, A-1
non-Oracle databases, listed, D-9
O
oinstall group
checking for existing, 2-9
creating, 2-9
description, 2-8
OLAP tools
about, D-6
Oracle OLAP, D-6
opatch utility, 4-2
operating system
checking distribution and version, 2-4
operating system groups
creating the oinstall group, 2-9
oinstall, 2-8
requirements, 2-8
operating system requirements, 2-4
operating system users
creating the oracle user, 2-9
oracle, 2-8
requirements, 2-8
Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommendations for Oracle base directory, 2-10
recommended path for Oracle base
directory, 2-10
recommended path for Oracle home
directory, 2-12
recommended path for Oracle Inventory
directory, 2-11
Oracle Application Server, D-4
Oracle applications
installing with Oracle Database, D-8
Oracle base directory
and ORACLE_BASE environment variable, 2-11
creating, 2-13
creating new, 2-13
description, 2-10
equivalent directory on Microsoft Windows, 2-11
examples, 2-11
identifying appropriate file system, 2-13
identifying existing, 2-12
Index-3
mount point for, 2-11
recommended path, 2-10
relationship with Oracle software owner
user, 2-11
requirement for, 2-10
Oracle Call Interface
Instant Client connection method, 4-4
See also Instant Client
Oracle Clusterware
about, D-3
used with Oracle Real Application Clusters, D-3
Oracle components
using in different languages, B-3
Oracle Data Mining
about, D-6
installing, D-6
Oracle Database
administering and monitoring, D-4
connecting to Instant Client, 4-4
installing with Oracle applications, D-8
security management, D-5
upgrading, D-3
Web servers, D-8
Oracle Database Client
configuring connections, D-2
installation procedure, 3-6
Oracle Database components
administering and monitoring, D-4
connectivity FAQ, D-8
FAQ on installing, D-1 to D-3
installing with Oracle applications, D-8
installing with Oracle Database tools, D-4
Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN)
about, D-7
Oracle home directory
description, 2-12
recommended path, 2-12
requirement for, 2-12
requirements, 2-12
using to identify Oracle base directory, 2-13
Oracle home name, 2-12
Oracle Internet Directory, D-5
Oracle Inventory
description, 2-11
pointer file, 2-9
Oracle Inventory directory
description, 2-11
recommended path, 2-11
Oracle Inventory group
checking for existing, 2-9
creating, 2-9
description, 2-8
Oracle Migration Workbench
migrating non-Oracle applications to Oracle, D-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, D-3
Oracle Net
configuration file directory, 4-7
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
installing, 4-5
Oracle Net Services
Index-4
post-installation tasks, 4-7
Oracle OLAP
about, D-6
Oracle Precompilers
postinstallation tasks, 4-7
Oracle Procedural Gateway
listed products, D-9
Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)
installing with Oracle Enterprise Manager, D-5
Oracle Clusterware
about, D-3
Oracle Schemas, x
Oracle software
removing, 5-1
Oracle Software Owner user
creating, 2-9
Oracle software owner user
configuring environment for, 2-14
creating, 2-9
description, 2-8
determining default shell, 2-14
relationship with Oracle base directory, 2-11
Oracle Technology Network (OTN)
downloading documentation from, x
Oracle Transparent Gateway
listed products, D-9
Oracle Universal Installer
guidelines for using, 3-1
installation guidelines, 3-1
response files, A-1
list of, A-3
running, 3-4
running in different languages, B-4
oracle user
configuring environment for, 2-14
creating, 2-9, 2-10
description, 2-8
determining default shell, 2-14
relationship with Oracle base directory, 2-11
Oracle XML DB
about, D-5
ORACLE_BASE environment variable, 2-11, 2-14
removing from shell startup file, 2-15
setting, 2-14
ORACLE_HOME environment variable
removing from shell startup file, 2-15
unsetting, 2-16
ORACLE_SID environment variable
removing from shell startup file, 2-15
oraInst.loc file, 2-12
location, 2-9
location of, 2-9
oraInventory directory
See Oracle Inventory directory
oratab file, 2-13
formats, 2-13
location of, 2-13
OTN Web site
downloading installation software from, 3-2
P
passwd command, 2-10
passwords
specifying for response files, A-2
See alsosecurity
patch download location, 2-7
patches
download location, 2-7
Instant Client/Instant Client Light
restrictions, 4-2
opatch utility, 4-2
PATH environment variable
setting, 2-14
permissions
for Oracle base directory, 2-13
post-installation
recommended tasks
user accounts, setting up, 4-6
required tasks, 4-1
Oracle Net Services, configuring, 4-7
patches, installing and downloading, 4-1
postinstallation
recommended tasks
client static library, generating, 4-6
Instant Client Light, configuring, 4-3
root.sh script, backing up, 4-4
required tasks
Instant Client, connecting with, 4-2
Oracle Precompilers, 4-7
postinstallation tasks
Instant Client-to-database connection, 4-4
Precompilers
requirements, 2-5
Pro*C/C++
configuring, 4-7
requirements, 2-5
See also C compiler
product
checking, 2-4
.profile file, 2-14
program technical fix
See PTF
R
RAM requirements, 2-2
recovery of databases
Oracle Backup and Recovery, D-7
reinstalling Oracle software, 3-1
requirements
hardware, 2-2
response files
about, A-1
administrator.rsp, A-3
creating with template, A-3
custom.rsp, A-3
general procedure, A-2
instantclient.rsp, A-3
passing values at command line, A-2
passwords, A-2
runtime.rsp, A-3
security, A-2
specifying with Oracle Universal Installer, A-5
See also silent mode, noninteractive mode, A-1
response files installation
about, A-1
root user
logging in as, 2-1
root.sh script
backing up, 4-4
Runtime
disk space requirements, 2-4
Runtime installation type, 1-4
runtime.rsp file, A-3
S
schemas
Oracle Schemas, about, x
security
management tools, D-5
See alsopasswords
shell
determining default shell for oracle user, 2-14
SHELL environment variable
checking value of, 2-14
shell startup file
editing, 2-14
removing environment variables, 2-15
silent mode
about, A-1
reasons for using, A-2
See also noninteractive mode, response files, A-1
silent mode installation, A-5, A-6
software certification, 1-2
software requirements, 2-4
SQL Server database, D-9
startup file
for shell, 2-14
suppressed mode
reasons for using, A-2
suppressed mode. See noninteractive mode
swap space
checking, 2-3
requirements, 2-2
swlist command, 2-4, 2-6
Sybase Adapter Server database, D-9
T
temporary disk space
requirements, 2-2
Teradata database, D-9
TMP environment variable, 2-3
setting, 2-15
TMPDIR environment variable, 2-3
setting, 2-15
TNS_ADMIN environment variable, 4-5
unsetting, 2-16
tnsnames.ora file, 4-7
Index-5
Instant Client-to-database connection, 4-5
troubleshooting, C-1
fatal errors, C-4
TWO_TASK environment variable, 4-5
U
umask, 2-17
umask command, 2-14, 2-17
UNIX commands, 2-17
chmod, 2-13
chown, 2-13
env, 2-17
mkdir, 2-13
passwd, 2-10
swlist, 2-4, 2-6
umask, 2-14
unset, 2-16
unsetenv, 2-16
useradd, 2-10
xhost, 2-1
xterm, 2-2
UNIX groups
checking for existing oinstall group,
UNIX users
creating the oracle user, 2-9
UNIX workstation
installing from, 2-1
unset command, 2-16
unsetenv command, 2-16
updating Instant Client, 4-2
upgrading, 1-4
useradd command, 2-10
users
creating the oracle user, 2-9
Oracle software owner user, 2-8
2-9
W
Web servers (Oracle HTTP Server), D-8
WebSphere MQ Series database, D-9
Windows
analogy for Oracle base directory, 2-11
X
X Window
display errors, C-1
X Window system
enabling remote hosts,
xhost command, 2-1
XML data, D-5
xterm command, 2-2
Index-6
2-1, 2-2
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement