Portégé 4000 Series User`s Guide

Portégé 4000 Series User`s Guide
Portégé® 4000 Series
User’s Guide
If you need assistance:
VirtualTech TM e-support tool
Double-click the desktop icon or visit the Web site:
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For more information, see Chapter10, page 189 in this guide.
TOSHIBA
C507-801M1
2
Model: Portégé 4000 Series
Compact Disk-ReWritable
The computer system you purchased may include a Compact Disk-ReWritable
(CD-RW), one of the most advanced storage technologies available. As with any
new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the
applicable user guides and/or manuals enclosed. If you fail to do so, this product
may not function properly and you may lose data or suffer other damage.
TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS (“TOSHIBA”), ITS
AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DO NOT WARRANT THAT
OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR
ERROR FREE. YOU AGREE THAT TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND
SUPPLIERS SHALL HAVE NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAMAGE TO
OR LOSS OF ANY BUSINESS, PROFITS, PROGRAMS, DATA OR
REMOVABLE STORAGE MEDIA ARISING OUT OF OR RESULTING
FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY THEREOF.
Protection of Stored Data
For your important data, please make periodic back-up copies of all the data
stored on the hard disk or other storage devices as a precaution against possible
failures, alteration, or loss of the data. IF YOUR DATA IS ALTERED OR
LOST DUE TO ANY TROUBLE, FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION OF
THE HARD DISK DRIVE OR OTHER STORAGE DEVICES AND THE
DATA CANNOT BE RECOVERED, TOSHIBA SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER
DAMAGE RESULTING THEREFROM. WHEN COPYING OR
TRANSFERRING YOUR DATA, PLEASE BE SURE TO CONFIRM
WHETHER THE DATA HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY COPIED OR
TRANSFERRED. TOSHIBA DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY FOR THE
FAILURE TO COPY OR TRANSFER THE DATA CORRECTLY.
Critical Applications
The computer you have purchased is not designed for any “critical applications.”
“Critical applications” means life support systems, medical applications,
connections to implanted medical devices, commercial transportation, nuclear
facilities or systems or any other applications where product failure could lead to
3
injury to persons or loss of life or catastrophic property damage.
ACCORDINGLY, TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS
DISCLAIM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE USE
OF THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN ANY CRITICAL
APPLICATIONS. IF YOU USE THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN A
CRITICAL APPLICATION, YOU, AND NOT TOSHIBA, ASSUME
FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCH USE.
FCC Notice
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
NOTE: Only peripherals complying with the FCC Class B limits may be
attached to this computer. Operation with non-compliant peripherals or
peripherals not recommended by Toshiba is likely to result in interference
to radio and TV reception. Shielded cables must be used between the
external devices and the computer's parallel port, video jack, USB ports,
PS/2® port and microphone jack. Changes or modifications made to this
equipment not expressly approved by Toshiba or parties authorized by
Toshiba could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
This device may not cause harmful interference.
4
This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Contact:
Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc.
9740 Irvine Blvd.
Irvine, CA 92618-1697
(949) 583-3000
Industry Canada Requirement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conformé à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
FCC Requirements
The following information is pursuant to FCC CFR 47, Part 68 and refers to
internal modems.
Installation
When you are ready to install or use the modem, call your local telephone
company and give them the following information:
The telephone number of the line to which you will connect the modem.
The FCC registration number of the modem.
The ringer equivalence number (REN) of the modem, which is 0.3B.
The modem connects to the telephone line by means of a standard jack called the
USOC RJ11C.
Type of Service
Your modem is designed to be used on standard-device telephone lines.
Connection to telephone company-provided coin service (central office
implemented systems) is prohibited. Connection to party lines service is subject
to State tariffs. If you have any questions about your telephone line, such as how
many pieces of equipment you can connect to it, the telephone company will
provide this information upon request.
5
Telephone Company Procedures
The goal of the telephone company is to provide you with the best service it can.
In order to do this, it may occasionally be necessary for them to make changes in
their equipment, operations or procedures. If these changes might affect your
service or the operation of your equipment, the telephone company will give you
notice, in writing, to allow you to make any changes necessary to maintain
uninterrupted service.
If Problems Arise
If any of your telephone equipment is not operating properly, you should
immediately remove it from your telephone line, as it may cause harm to the
telephone network. If the telephone company notes a problem, they may
temporarily discontinue service. When practical, they will notify you in advance
of this disconnection. If advance notice is not feasible, you will be notified as
soon as possible. When you are notified, you will be given the opportunity to
correct the problem and informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC.
In the event repairs are ever needed on your modem, they should be performed by
Toshiba Corporation, Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. or an
authorized representative of Toshiba.
Disconnection
If you should ever decide to permanently disconnect your modem from its
present line, please call the telephone company and let them know of this change.
Fax Branding
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful to use a
computer or other electronic device to send any message via a telephone fax
machine unless such message clearly contains in a margin at the top or bottom of
each transmitted page or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it
is sent and an identification of the business, other entity or individual sending the
message and the telephone number of the sending machine or such business,
other entity or individual.
In order to program this information into your fax modem, you should complete
the setup for your fax software before sending a message.
6
Instructions for IC CS-03 certified equipment
1
NOTICE: The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This
certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications
network protective, operational and safety requirements as prescribed in the
appropriate Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements document(s). The
Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s
satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to
be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The
equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection.
The customer should be aware that compliance with the above conditions
may not prevent degradation of service in some situations.
Repairs to certified equipment should be coordinated by a representative
designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to
this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the
telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the
equipment.
Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground
connections of the power utility, telephone lines and internal metallic water
pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be
particularly important in rural areas.
Caution: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves,
but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or
electrician, as appropriate.
2
The user manual of analog equipment must contain the equipment’s Ringer
Equivalence Number (REN) and an explanation notice similar to the
following:
The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) of this device can be found on the
label affixed to your computer.
NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each
terminal device provides an indication of the maximum number of
terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination
on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to
the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the
devices does not exceed 5.
3
The standard connecting arrangement (telephone jack type) for this
equipment is jack type(s): USOC RJ11C.
7
Wireless Interoperability
The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card products are designed to be
interoperable with any wireless LAN product that is based on Direct Sequence
Spread Spectrum (DSSS) radio technology, and is compliant to:
The IEEE 802.11 Standard on Wireless LANs (Revision B), as defined and
approved by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
The Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi TM) certification as defined by the WECA
Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance.
Wireless LAN and your Health
Wireless LAN products, like other radio devices, emit radio frequency
electromagnetic energy. The level of energy emitted by Wireless LAN devices
however is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless
devices like for example mobile phones. Because Wireless LAN products
operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and
recommendations, Toshiba believes Wireless LAN is safe for use by consumers.
These standards and recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific
community and result from deliberations of panels and committees of scientists
who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature.
In some situations or environments, the use of Wireless LAN may be restricted
by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives of the
organization. These situations may for example include:
Using the Wireless LAN equipment on board of airplanes, or
In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or
services is perceived or identified as harmful.
If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless devices in a
specific organization or environment (e.g., airports), you are encouraged to ask
for authorization to use the Wireless LAN device prior to turning on the
equipment.
Regulatory Information
The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card must be installed and used in strict
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions as described in the user
documentation that comes with the product. This device complies with the
following radio frequency and safety standards.
8
Canada – Industry Canada (IC)
This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not
cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of this device.
USA-Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
This device complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules. Operation of the devices in a
Wireless LAN System is subject to the following two conditions:
This device may not cause harmful interference.
This device must accept any interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Caution: Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation
The radiated output power of the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far
below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Toshiba
Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card shall be used in such a manner that the potential
for human contact during normal operation is minimized. When using this device
in combination with Wireless LAN Outdoor Antenna products, a certain
separation distance between antenna and nearby persons has to be kept to ensure
RF exposure compliance. The distance between the antennas and the user should
not be less than 5.0 cm.
Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes
with those products for additional information.
The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits.
Nevertheless, it is advised to use the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card in
such a manner that human contact during normal operation is minimized.
Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy. If not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause
9
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try and correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Toshiba is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by
unauthorized modification of the devices included with this Toshiba Wireless
LAN Mini PCI Card, or the substitution or attachment of connecting cables and
equipment other than specified by Toshiba.
The correction of interference caused by such unauthorized modification,
substitution or attachment will be the responsibility of the user.
Approved Countries for use
This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries in Fig.1.
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
Finland
Germany
Iceland
Ireland
Japan
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Sweden
Switzerland
UK
USA
Greece
Italy
France
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Caution: Do not use this equipment except in the countries in Fig.1.
10
CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, DVD-ROM/CD-RW
Safety Instructions
The CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and DVD-ROM/CD-RW drives employ a laser
system. To ensure proper use of this product, please read this instruction
manual carefully and retain for future reference. Should the unit ever
require maintenance, contact an authorized service location.
Use of controls, adjustments or the performance of procedures other than those
specified may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure.
Location of the required label
Sample shown below. (Location of the label and manufacturing information may
vary.)
CAUTION: This appliance contains a laser system and is classified as a
“CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT.” To use this model properly, read the
instruction manual carefully and keep it for your future reference. In case of
any trouble with this model, please contact your nearest “AUTHORIZED
service station.” To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to
open the enclosure.
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified in the owner’s manual may result in hazardous radiation
exposure.
11
Copyright
This guide is copyrighted by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. with all
rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this guide cannot be reproduced in any
form without the prior written permission of Toshiba. No patent liability is
assumed, however, with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
©2001 by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Export Administration Regulation
This document contains technical data that may be controlled under the U.S.
Export Administration Regulations, and may be subject to the approval of the
U.S. Department of Commerce prior to export. Any export, directly or indirectly,
in contravention of the U.S. Export Administration Regulations is prohibited.
Notice
The information contained in this manual, including but not limited to any
product specifications, is subject to change without notice.
TOSHIBA CORPORATION AND TOSHIBA AMERICA
INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC. (TOSHIBA) PROVIDES NO
WARRANTY WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL OR ANY
OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN AND HEREBY
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR
PURPOSE WITH REGARD TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING.
TOSHIBA ASSUMES NO LIABILITY FOR ANY DAMAGES
INCURRED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM ANY
TECHNICAL OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS OR OMISSIONS
CONTAINED HEREIN OR FOR DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN
THE PRODUCT AND THE MANUAL. IN NO EVENT SHALL
TOSHIBA BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES,
WHETHER BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL
OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE
USE THEREOF.
12
Trademarks
Portégé, Noteworthy, SelectBay, Fn-Esse and AccuPoint are registered
trademarks, SelectServ, VirtualTech are trademarks, and InTouch is a service
mark of Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. and/or Toshiba Corporation.
WinDVD is a trademark of InterVideo, Inc.
Energy Star is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency.
LapLink is a registered trademark of Traveling Software, Inc.
Microsoft, Windows, MS-DOS, DirectX, and DirectShow are registered
trademarks, and Windows Media is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
PS/2 is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
SPANworks is a trademark of SPANworks, U.S.A.
Wi-Fi is a trademark of the Wireless Capability Ethernet Alliance.
Bluetooth is a trademark owned by its proprietor and used by Toshiba under
license.
All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective companies.
Energy Star Compliance
®
As an Energy Star partner, Toshiba has determined that this product is Energy
Star compliant.
Computer Disposal Information
This product contains mercury. Disposal of this material may be regulated due to
environmental considerations. For disposal, reuse or recycling information,
please contact your local government or the Electronic Industries Alliance at
www.eiae.org.
Contents
Introduction............................................................................... 21
This guide............................................................................... 21
Safety icons............................................................................ 22
Other icons used............................................................... 23
Other documentation............................................................ 23
Service options...................................................................... 24
Chapter 1: Finding Your Way Around ..................................... 25
Making sure you have everything........................................ 25
Finding where everything is located.................................... 26
Front with the display panel closed................................. 26
Back.................................................................................... 26
Right side........................................................................... 27
Left side.............................................................................. 28
Front with the display panel open.................................... 29
Underside........................................................................... 31
Indicator panels..................................................................... 32
System indicator panel..................................................... 32
Keyboard indicator panel.................................................. 33
13
14
Chapter 2: Getting Started........................................................ 35
Selecting a place to work......................................................
Creating a computer-friendly environment....................
Keeping yourself comfortable..........................................
Other precautions..................................................................
Setting up your computer....................................................
Connecting the AC adapter..............................................
Charging the battery.........................................................
Connecting other external devices..................................
Turning on the computer......................................................
Opening the display panel................................................
Turning on the power.......................................................
Using the computer for the first time..................................
Disabling the network port...............................................
Setting up your software..................................................
Shutting down the computer...............................................
Power down tips...............................................................
35
35
36
40
40
41
43
44
44
44
44
45
45
47
48
49
Chapter 3: Connecting Other External Devices....................... 51
Using external display devices.............................................
Directing the display output when you turn on the
computer...........................................................................
Adjusting the quality of the external display...................
Display limitations.............................................................
Using an external keyboard..................................................
Making your external keyboard emulate the Fn key......
Using a mouse......................................................................
Setting up a PS/2 mouse with the AccuPoint II.............
Connecting a local printer.....................................................
Connecting a USB printer................................................
Connecting a serial or parallel printer .............................
Setting up your printer using the Windows® 2000
Professional operating system........................................
Connecting external speakers or headphones...................
Connecting an external microphone...................................
51
52
52
53
53
54
54
55
55
56
56
56
58
58
15
Using an expansion device................................................... 58
Adding memory .................................................................... 59
Memory module sizes...................................................... 60
Installing a memory module............................................ 60
Removing a memory module.......................................... 65
Using Slim SelectBay modules............................................ 66
Removing a module from the Slim SelectBay............... 66
Inserting a module into the Slim SelectBay.................... 68
Inserting and removing PC Cards........................................ 68
Inserting a PC Card........................................................... 69
Removing a PC Card........................................................ 69
Setting up a PC Card for your computer........................ 70
Inserting an SD Media card.................................................. 70
Connecting your modem to a telephone line...................... 71
Connecting to a phone line .............................................. 71
Chapter 4: Learning the Basics................................................ 73
Computing tips...................................................................... 73
Windows® operating system basics.................................. 75
Using the keyboard............................................................... 75
Character keys .................................................................. 76
Making your keyboard emulate a full-size keyboard..... 76
Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys......................................................... 77
Function keys .................................................................... 77
Windows® special keys................................................... 78
Overlay keys ..................................................................... 78
Using the AccuPoint II.......................................................... 80
TOSHIBA Console button .................................................... 82
Starting a program................................................................ 84
Saving your work.................................................................. 84
Printing your work................................................................. 85
Using a compact disc drive.................................................. 86
Inserting compact discs .................................................. 87
Removing compact discs ............................................... 90
Caring for CDs and DVDs................................................. 90
16
Using PC Cards.....................................................................
Hot swapping....................................................................
Using your computer at the office.......................................
Using a computer lock..........................................................
Caring for your computer.....................................................
Cleaning the computer.....................................................
Moving the computer.......................................................
91
91
92
92
93
93
94
Chapter 5: Power Management............................................... 95
Toshiba’s energy-saver design............................................. 95
Running the computer on battery power........................... 96
Charging the batteries...................................................... 96
Monitoring battery power................................................ 97
What to do when the battery alarm sounds..................... 100
Changing batteries.............................................................. 101
Taking care of your battery................................................. 103
Safety precautions.......................................................... 103
Maximizing battery life................................................... 104
Disposing of used batteries safely ................................ 104
Conserving power............................................................... 105
Power usage modes in the Windows® operating
system............................................................................. 106
Using a hot key to set the power usage mode............. 106
Additional battery options .................................................. 106
Powering down the computer........................................... 107
Shut down command.................................................... 107
Hibernation command................................................... 108
Standby command......................................................... 110
Using Shut down................................................................ 111
Shutting down more quickly......................................... 111
Starting again after Shut down...................................... 114
Using Hibernation............................................................... 114
Going into Hibernation mode more quickly................. 114
Starting again from Hibernation.................................... 115
Using Standby..................................................................... 116
17
Going into Standby mode more quickly....................... 116
Starting again from Standby.......................................... 118
Quickly changing your Shut down mode..................... 118
Chapter 6: Exploring Your Options........................................ 121
Setting up your printer........................................................ 121
Setting up the Windows® operating system to
work with your printer.................................................... 122
Exploring audio features..................................................... 125
Using external speakers or headphones....................... 125
Recording sounds .......................................................... 126
Playing an audio CD-ROM............................................. 127
Exchanging data with another computer.......................... 128
Setting up for communications..................................... 129
Connecting the modem to a telephone line.................. 131
Connecting your computer to a network ..................... 131
Network device switch........................................................ 134
Toshiba’s online resources............................................. 135
An overview of using the Internet...................................... 135
The Internet...................................................................... 135
The World Wide Web..................................................... 135
Internet Service Providers.............................................. 136
Connecting to the Internet.............................................. 136
Surfing the Internet......................................................... 137
Internet features.............................................................. 137
Uploading and downloading files from the Internet.... 138
Chapter 7: WinDVD................................................................. 139
Playing DVDs....................................................................... 139
Using the WinDVD toolbar............................................. 141
Using the WinDVD status bar........................................ 141
Using the WinDVD control panel................................... 142
Using the control panel playback buttons.................... 143
Maximizing the video window....................................... 145
Using playlists...................................................................... 146
18
Creating playlists............................................................. 146
Loading and playing Playlists........................................ 147
Resuming normal playback after using playlists......... 148
Customizing WinDVD......................................................... 148
Setting general properties.............................................. 149
Setting audio properties................................................. 150
Setting display properties.............................................. 152
Customizing the control panel....................................... 153
Using WinDVD Advanced Features................................... 154
Zooming in...................................................................... 159
Panning............................................................................ 160
Zooming out.................................................................... 160
Adjusting the color balance ........................................... 160
Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD................ 161
Getting Help......................................................................... 161
Exiting WinDVD................................................................... 161
Chapter 8: Toshiba Utilities..................................................... 163
Fn-esse ................................................................................ 164
Starting Fn-esse ............................................................. 164
Assigning a key to a program or document ................ 165
Viewing existing key assignments................................ 168
Changing or removing existing key assignments ...... 169
HW Setup ........................................................................... 169
Power Saver........................................................................ 171
Expansion device properties.............................................. 174
Chapter 9: Keeping Your Files Safe........................................ 177
Using passwords in the Windows® operating system . 177
User-level passwords ........................................................ 178
Setting a user-level password........................................ 178
Disabling the user-level password ............................... 179
Using the power-on (user-level) password.................. 179
19
Using the instant (user-level) password....................... 179
Hard disk drive passwords ................................................ 180
Setting a hard disk drive user password ...................... 180
Creating a user password service diskette................... 182
Deleting the hard disk drive user password................. 183
Setting a hard disk drive master password.................. 184
Deleting a hard disk drive master password................ 186
Chapter 10: If Something Goes Wrong................................ 189
Problems that are easy to fix.............................................. 190
Problems when you turn on the computer....................... 190
Resolving a hardware conflict............................................ 193
Using the Windows® operating system
troubleshooting feature.................................................. 193
A plan of action................................................................ 194
Resolving hardware conflicts on your own.................. 194
Memory card problems................................................. 196
Power and the batteries.................................................. 197
Keyboard problems........................................................ 198
AccuPoint II problems.................................................... 200
Display problems............................................................ 200
Disk drive problems........................................................ 202
Modem problems........................................................... 204
Problems with the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive......... 205
Sound system problems................................................ 206
Optional devices.............................................................. 207
PC Card problems........................................................... 207
Printer problems............................................................. 210
Internet Problems................................................................ 212
DVD operating problems.................................................... 212
WinDVD problems.............................................................. 215
General issues................................................................. 215
Content issues................................................................. 217
Minimum system requirements.................................... 217
Developing good computing habits .................................. 218
20
Use VirtualTech.................................................................... 219
If you need further assistance............................................ 220
Before you call................................................................. 220
Contacting Toshiba......................................................... 221
Other Toshiba Internet Web sites ..................................... 222
Toshiba’s worldwide offices............................................... 222
Appendix A: Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating
System Information................................................................ 227
Setting up your printer using Windows®........................ 228
Determining remaining battery power.............................. 228
Supervisor-level passwords............................................... 229
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting............. 230
Problems when you turn on the computer.................. 233
Resolving a hardware conflict....................................... 239
Resolving hardware conflicts on your own.................. 240
Appendix B: Hot Keys.............................................................
Appendix C: Power Cable Connectors..................................
Appendix D: Video Modes......................................................
Glossary...................................................................................
Index.........................................................................................
243
249
251
255
271
Introduction
Welcome to the world of powerful and portable multimedia
computers! With your new Toshiba notebook computer, your
access to information can accompany you wherever you go.
®
®
You will find that your Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional
®
or Windows 98 Second Edition operating system is already
installed on your computer. It offers exciting features and easy
Internet access.
This guide
This guide introduces the computer’s features. You can:
Read the entire guide from beginning to end.
Skim through and stop when a topic interests you.
Use the table of contents and the index to find specific
information.
If you are new to computers, or have not used a notebook
computer before, read through the first couple of chapters to
familiarize yourself with the components of the computer and how
to turn it on. After that, seek out whatever interests you most.
21
22
Safety icons
Safety icons
This manual contains safety instructions that must be observed in
order to avoid potential hazards that could result in personal
injuries, damage to your equipment, or loss of data. These safety
cautions have been classified according to the seriousness of the
risk, and the icons highlight these instructions as follows:
DANGER: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that
could result in death or serious bodily injury if the safety
instruction is not observed.
WARNING: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that
could result in bodily injury if the safety instruction is not
observed.
CAUTION: This icon indicates the existence of a hazard that
could result in damage to equipment or property if the safety
instruction is not observed.
NOTE: This icon indicates information that relates to the safe
operation of the equipment or related items.
Other documentation
23
Other icons used
Additional icons highlight other helpful or educational
information:
TECHNICAL NOTE: This icon highlights technical
information about the computer.
HINT: This icon denotes helpful hints and tips.
DEFINITION: This icon indicates the definition of a term used
in the text.
Other documentation
In addition to this user’s guide, your computer comes with the
following documentation:
An electronic version of the user’s guide. Look for the user’s
guide icon on your desktop or install it from your Recovery
and Configuration Builder CD provided with your computer.
Guides for other programs that may come preinstalled on
your computer and for additional programs on your Recovery
and Configuration Builder CD.
Toshiba Accessories Information lists accessories available
from Toshiba and explains how to order them.
®
®
The Microsoft Windows operating system documentation
which explains the features of your operating system.
24
Service options
Service options
Toshiba offers a full line of service options built around its
SelectServTM warranty programs. For more information, visit
Toshiba's Web site at Toshiba.com.
If you have a problem or need to contact Toshiba, see “If
Something Goes Wrong” on page 189.
Chapter 1
Finding Your Way
Around
®
This chapter presents a “grand tour” of your Portégé 4000 Series
computer with illustrations to guide you along your way.
It serves as a reference when you need to locate specific parts of
the computer.
Making sure you have everything
Before you do anything else, consult the Quick Start card that
shipped with your computer to make sure you received everything.
If any items are missing or damaged, contact your authorized
Toshiba representative or your network administrator.
25
26
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
Finding where everything is located
The next few pages take you on a guided tour of your computer.
Front with the display panel closed
Display latch
System indicator panel
System indicator panel—The system indicator panel is made up
of several status lights that provide information about various
system functions. See “System indicator panel” on page 32 for
details.
Display latch—Sliding the display latch opens the computer
display panel. For more information, see “Front with the display
panel open” on page 29.
Back
Network port
Modem port
Ether
RGB (monitor) port
USB ports
Network port—Lets you connect the computer to an Ethernet
LAN (local area network).
Modem port—Lets you connect the computer’s internal modem
directly to a conventional telephone line.
27
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
RGB (monitor) port—Lets you connect an external monitor. For
more information, see “Using external display devices” on
page 51.
USB ports—The two USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports provide a
connection for USB peripherals. USB is a single-cabling and
connection standard that supports a data transfer rate of up to
12 million bits per second (Mbps). Peripherals such as keyboards,
pointing devices, a diskette drive and a video camera may be
connected to the USB port. USB allows “hot swapping” of
peripherals, which means that components may be plugged and
unplugged while the computer is on.
Right side
Battery lock
SD Media slot
Speaker
Slim SelectBay (with DVD-ROM drive module)
Battery lock—Holds the battery securely in place.
NOTE: For environments that do not permit wireless use or
instruct you to turn off all radio devices (for example, aboard
commercial aircraft), you should turn the Wi-Fi switch off.
SD Media slot—Lets you install and use an SD Media card.
Slim SelectBay—Lets you use one of several possible Slim
®
SelectBay modules. The DVD-ROM drive is shown in place. For
more information on using your DVD-ROM, see “Using a
compact disc drive” on page 86. For further information on
28
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
Slim SelectBay devices, see “Using Slim SelectBay modules”
on page 66.
Speaker—Lets you hear stereo sound from a CD or DVD in
addition to system alarms and audible warnings associated with
your software.
Left side
Speaker Cooling vent
Security lock slot
Headphone jack
Microphone jack
Infrared port
DC-IN PC Card slots
PC Card ejection tabs
jack
Volume control dial
®
Security lock slot—Attaching an optional PORT-Noteworthy
Computer Lock Cable to the security lock slot lets you anchor
your computer to a large, heavy object such as your desk. For
more information, see “Using a computer lock” on page 92.
Speaker—Lets you hear stereo sound from a CD or DVD in
addition to system alarms and audible warnings associated with
your software.
Cooling vent—Provides ventilation to keep the computer’s
processor from overheating. The vent lets the processor continue
performing at its maximum speed.
CAUTION: To prevent possible overheating of the computer’s
processor, make sure you don’t block the cooling vent.
_
+
DC-IN jack—Enables you to plug in the AC adapter.
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
29
PC Card slots—Two stacked PC Card slots allow you to use
Type I, Type II, or Type III PC Cards. A shutter door protects the
slots.
PC Card ejection tabs—Allow easy removal of PC Cards.
Infrared port—The fast infrared port allows cable-free
communication with another device, such as a computer or printer,
that has a compatible infrared port.
Microphone jack—The 3.5 mm microphone jack lets you
connect an external monaural microphone or other audio input
device. Connecting a microphone or other device to this jack
automatically disables the internal microphone.
Headphone jack—The 3.5 mm headphone jack lets you connect
stereo headphones or other audio output devices. Connecting
headphones or other devices to this jack automatically disables the
internal speakers.
Volume control dial—The volume control dial lets you adjust the
loudness of the system speakers.
Front with the display panel open
To view the front of the computer with the display panel open:
1
Locate the display latch on the front of the computer.
2
Slide the display latch to the right and lift the display panel.
3
Adjust the display panel to a comfortable viewing angle.
CAUTION: To avoid damaging the display panel, be careful
when opening and closing it. Never force the panel beyond
the point where it moves easily, and never use it to lift the
computer.
30
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
Screen
AccuPoint II
pointing device
Power button
TOSHIBA
Console
button
Keyboard
AccuPoint II buttons
Wireless on/off switch
Screen—The computer’s screen is a liquid crystal display (LCD)
that provides clear, sharp images.
®
AccuPoint II pointing device—This device combines the
function of a mouse with the convenience of never having to
remove your hands from the keyboard. See “Using the
AccuPoint II” on page 80.
Power button—The power button is located above the F3 key.
Press and release the power button to turn on the computer For
more information, see “Turning on the computer” on page 44.
Keyboard—The 84-key keyboard provides all the functionality
of a full-size keyboard. For more information, see “Using the
keyboard” on page 75.
AccuPoint II buttons—These buttons function like buttons on a
mouse.
Finding Your Way Around
Finding where everything is located
31
Wireless on/off switch—Allows you to turn on/off the Wi-Fi or
Bluetooth wireless communication system.
TOSHIBA Console button—Allows one-touch access to the
Internet.
Keyboard indicator panel—These lights provide information
about various keyboard functions. See “Keyboard indicator
panel” on page 33 for details.
Underside
Expansion port
Slim SelectBay
lock
Slim SelectBay
release latch
Wi-Fi
Mini-PCI module
BluetoothTM module
Hard drive
Battery
module
Expansion port—Lets you connect to a port replicator. These
devices provide additional ports including a serial port, parallel
®
port and PS/2 port. For more information, see “Using an
expansion device” on page 58. A shutter door protects this port.
®
Slim SelectBay lock—Holds devices securely in the Slim
SelectBay.
Slim SelectBay release latch—Allows you to remove devices
from the Slim SelectBay.
32
Finding Your Way Around
Indicator panels
Battery module—Lets you to use your computer when a
standard electrical outlet is not available. For further information
about using the battery, see “Power Management” on page 95.
Hard drive—Holds the computer’s hard drive.
Bluetooth module—Holds a Bluetooth card for wireless
networking.
Wi-Fi Mini-PCI module—Holds a Wi-Fi Mini-PCI card for
wireless networking.
Indicator panels
Two sets of indicator panels, the system indicator panel and the
keyboard indicator panel, display the current state of your system.
System indicator panel
This panel is located on the front of the computer.
AC power light—Glows green when the computer is connected
to an AC power source.
On/off light—Indicates whether the computer is on, off, or in a
low power standby mode.
Glows green when the computer is on.
Flashes amber when you power down the computer using the
Standby command.
May flash amber if the computer is overheating.
Main battery light—Indicates the status of the main battery.
33
Finding Your Way Around
Indicator panels
Flashes amber when you are running on battery power and the
battery charge is running low.
Is off when you are running on battery power and the battery
charge is not running low.
Glows amber when you are connected to AC power and the
battery is charging.
Glows green when you are connected to AC power and the
battery is fully charged.
For more information, see “Monitoring battery power” on
page 97.
Slim SelectBay activity light—Indicates the status of a module in
the Slim SelectBay, if installed.
Hard disk drive light—Flashes to indicate that the hard disk is
currently in use.
Wireless indicator light—If your computer is fitted with an
optional wireless communication system, either 802.11b (now
referred to as Wi-Fi—wireless fidelity) or Bluetooth, this indicator
light glows amber when the wireless on/off switch is on. For more
information on connecting to a wireless local area network (LAN),
see “Connecting your computer to a network” on page 131.
Keyboard indicator panel
Indicator
lights
The lights on the keyboard indicator panel provide information
about keyboard functions.
34
Finding Your Way Around
Indicator panels
Caps lock light—The light on the Caps lock key glows when the
Caps lock is on.
Cursor control light—Glows when the cursor control overlay is
on. When this light is on, pressing an overlay key moves the cursor
as shown by the white arrow or command printed on the key
instead of the letter printed on the top of the key. For more
information, see “Using the overlay for cursor control” on
page 79.
Numlock light—Glows when the numeric overlay is on. When
this light is on, pressing an overlay key produces the white number
printed on the key instead of the letter printed on the top of the key.
For more information, see “Using the overlay to type numeric
data” on page 79.
Chapter 2
Getting Started
This chapter provides tips for working comfortably, and explains
what to do the first time you use your computer.
Selecting a place to work
Your computer is designed to be used in a variety of locations and
situations. This section provides guidelines for setting up your
computing environment.
Creating a computer-friendly environment
Place the computer on a flat surface that is large enough for the
computer and any other items you need to use, such as a printer.
Leave enough space around the computer and other equipment to
give adequate ventilation, otherwise, they may overheat.
35
36
Getting Started
Selecting a place to work
To keep your computer in prime operating condition, protect your
work area from:
Dust, moisture, and direct sunlight.
Liquids and corrosive chemicals.
CAUTION: If you spill liquid into the computer, turn off the
computer, unplug it from the AC power source, and let it dry
out completely before turning it on again.
If the computer does not operate correctly after you turn it
back on, contact your network administrator.
Equipment that generates a strong electromagnetic field, such
as large stereo speakers (other than speakers that are
connected to the computer) or speakerphones.
Rapid changes in temperature or humidity and sources of
temperature change such as air conditioner vents or heaters.
Extreme heat, cold, or humidity. Operate the computer within
its temperature range.
Keeping yourself comfortable
Strain and stress injuries are becoming more common as people
spend more time using their computers. However, with a little care
and proper use of the equipment, you can work comfortably
throughout the day.
WARNING: Using the computer keyboard incorrectly can
result in discomfort and possible injury. If your hands,
wrists, and/or arms hurt while typing, stop using the
computer and rest. If the discomfort persists, consult a
physician.
Getting Started
Selecting a place to work
37
This section provides hints on avoiding strain and stress injuries.
For more information, consult books on ergonomics, repetitivemotion injury, and repetitive-stress syndrome.
Placement of the computer
Proper placement of the computer and external devices is
important to avoid stress-related injuries. Consider the following
when placing your computer.
Place the computer on a flat surface at a comfortable height
and distance. You should be able to type without twisting your
torso or neck and look at the screen without slouching.
If you use an external monitor, the top of the screen should be
no higher than eye level.
If you use a paper holder, set it at the same height and distance
as the screen.
38
Getting Started
Selecting a place to work
Seating and posture
When using your computer, maintain good posture with your
body relaxed and your weight distributed evenly. Proper seating is
a primary factor in reducing work strain. Some people find a
backless chair more comfortable than a conventional chair.
Whichever type you choose, use the following guidelines to adjust
your chair for maximum computing comfort.
Below eye level
Approximately
90° angles
Footrest
Correct posture and positioning of the computer
Position your chair so that the keyboard is at or slightly below
the level of your elbow. You should be able to type
comfortably with your shoulders relaxed and your forearms
parallel to the floor.
If you are using a conventional chair:
Your knees should be slightly higher than your hips. If
necessary, use a footrest to raise the level of your knees and
ease the pressure on the back of your thighs.
Adjust the back of your chair so that it supports the lower
curve of your spine. If necessary, use a cushion to provide
extra back support. Lower-back support cushions are
available at many office supply stores.
Getting Started
Selecting a place to work
39
Sit with your back straight so that your knees, hips, and
elbows form approximately 90-degree angles when you work.
Do not slump forward or lean back too far.
Lighting
Proper lighting can improve the readability of the display and
reduce eyestrain.
Position the display panel or external monitor so that sunlight
or bright indoor lighting does not reflect off the screen. Use
tinted windows or shades to reduce glare.
Avoid placing your computer in front of a bright light that
shines directly into your eyes.
If possible, use soft, indirect lighting in your computer work
area.
Arms and wrists
Avoid bending, arching, or twisting your wrists. Keep them in
a relaxed, neutral position while typing.
Exercise your hands, wrists, and arms to improve circulation.
Work habits
The key to avoiding discomfort or injury from strain is to vary
your activities. If possible, schedule a variety of tasks into your
working day. Finding ways to break up the routine can reduce
stress and improve your efficiency.
Take frequent, short breaks to change position, stretch your
muscles, and relieve your eyes. A break of two or three
minutes every half hour is more effective than a long break
after several hours.
Avoid performing repetitive activities for long periods.
Intersperse such activities with other tasks.
40
Getting Started
Other precautions
Focusing your eyes on your computer screen for long periods
can cause eyestrain. Look away from the computer frequently
and focus your eyes on a distant object for at least 30 seconds.
Other precautions
Your computer is designed to optimize safety, minimize strain, and
withstand the rigors of travel. However, you should observe
certain precautions to further reduce the risk of personal injury or
damage to the computer.
CAUTIONS: Never apply heavy pressure to the computer or
subject it to sharp impacts. Excessive pressure or impact can
damage computer components or cause your computer to
malfunction.
Some PC Cards can become hot with prolonged use. If two
cards are installed, both can become hot even if only one is
used extensively. Overheating of a PC Card can result in
errors or instability in the PC Card operation.
Be careful when you remove a PC Card that has been used
for a long time.
Setting up your computer
Your computer comes with a rechargeable battery pack that must
be charged before you can use it.
To use external power or to charge the battery, you must attach the
AC adapter. See “Connecting the AC adapter” on page 41.
To register your computer online, or to sign up for an Internet
account, you must connect the built-in modem to a telephone line.
See “Connecting to a phone line” on page 71.
Before starting to use your computer, you may also want to:
Add more memory. See “Adding memory” on page 59.
Getting Started
Setting up your computer
41
Connect a mouse. See “Using a mouse” on page 54.
Connect a full-size keyboard. See “Using an external
keyboard” on page 53.
Connect an external monitor. See “Using external display
devices” on page 51.
Connect a local printer. See “Connecting a local printer” on
page 55.
Install PC Cards. See “Inserting and removing PC Cards”
on page 68.
Install an SD Media card. See “Inserting an SD Media
card” on page 70.
If you want to add any of these devices to the computer, you
should do so before you turn on the computer. For more
information, see “Connecting Other External Devices” on
page 51.
Connecting the AC adapter
The AC adapter enables you to power the computer from an
electrical outlet and to charge the computer’s battery.
AC Adapter
Power cable
Sample power cable and AC adapter
42
Getting Started
Setting up your computer
To connect AC power to the computer:
1
Connect the power cable to the AC adapter.
Connecting the power cable to the AC adapter
_
+
2
Plug the AC adapter into the DC-IN jack on the left side of the
computer.
Connecting the AC adapter to the computer
Getting Started
Setting up your computer
3
43
Connect the power cable to a live electrical outlet.
If the electrical outlet is live, the system indicator panel’s AC
power light ( ) glows green.
DANGER: Damaged power cables can cause fire or electric
shock. Never modify, forcibly bend, place heavy objects on
top of, or apply heat to the power cable.
If the power cable becomes damaged or the plug overheats,
discontinue use. There is a risk of electric shock.
Never remove the power plug from the outlet with wet hands.
Doing so may cause an electric shock.
CAUTION: Use of the wrong AC adapter could damage your
computer. Toshiba assumes no liability for any damage in
such cases.
Never pull directly on the power cable to unplug it. Hold the
power plug when removing the cable from the outlet.
Charging the battery
Before you can use the battery to power the computer, you must
charge it using the AC adapter and power cable. When the AC
adapter is connected to a live electrical outlet, the system indicator
panel’s AC power light ( ) glows green and the main battery
light ( ) glows amber. When the main battery light turns green,
the battery is completely charged and ready to power the
computer.
Charging time for the battery varies depending upon the demand
placed on the AC adapter.
44
Getting Started
Turning on the computer
NOTE: Once the battery is charged for the first time, avoid
leaving the computer plugged in and turned off for more than
a few hours at a time.
For more information on battery use, see “Running the computer
on battery power” on page 96.
Connecting other external devices
You should attach any other external devices to your computer
before you turn it on. For more information about other external
devices, see “Connecting Other External Devices” on page 51.
Turning on the computer
The computer is now ready for you to turn it on and begin using it.
Opening the display panel
1
Release the display latch.
2
Lift the display panel.
CAUTION: To avoid damaging the display panel, do not force
it beyond the point where it moves easily, and never lift the
computer by the display panel.
Turning on the power
To turn on the computer:
1
Make sure any external devices (such as the AC adapter, if
you plan to use AC power rather than battery power) are
properly connected and ready.
Getting Started
Using the computer for the first time
45
2
If an optional external diskette drive is connected to your
computer, check that the drive is empty.
3
Press and hold in the power button until the on/off light on the
system indicator panel glows green—about one second.
CAUTION: Never turn off the computer while any of the
drives is in use.
4
The preinstalled operating system will load automatically.
CAUTION: When you turn on the computer for the first time,
don’t turn off the power again until the operating system has
loaded completely.
Using the computer for the first time
When you start your computer for the first time, it prompts you to
set up your software:
Set date/time properties
Set up your printer
Complete the initial start-up procedure
Register your computer
®
The Windows operating system automatically detects and
installs the devices it finds on your computer. Follow the
instructions on the screen to properly set up and register your
computer.
Disabling the network port
When your computer starts, the operating system attempts to
contact a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. If
46
Getting Started
Using the computer for the first time
the computer is not connected to a network, it may pause a few
minutes as it waits for a reply. To avoid this delay, you can disable
the network port.
Enabling or disabling the Built-in LAN
To enable or disable the Built-in LAN:
1
Go to Start, Settings, Control Panel.
2
Double-click the HWSetup icon.
The Toshiba HWSetup dialog box appears.
3
Click the LAN tab.
Toshiba HWSetup LAN tab
4
Under Built-in LAN, select either Enabled or Disabled.
Getting Started
Using the computer for the first time
47
Setting up your software
The first time you turn on your computer, the operating system
guides you through several essential steps to set up your software.
These steps may or may not appear in the following order:
Select your time zone.
Select one of the time zones listed by clicking the up and
down arrow keys to highlight the appropriate time zone,
then click Next to change the setting.
Confirm acceptance of Microsoft’s End User License
Agreement and complete information about the operating
system.
Registering your computer lets Toshiba keep you up-to-date
with information about new products and upgrades, and also
extends your Toshiba warranty worldwide at no charge to
you.
NOTE: To register online, your computer’s modem must be
connected to a voice-grade telephone line.
To register your computer at a later time, select No, I do
not want to register at this time. To register later,
double-click the registration icon on the desktop.
Read about Warranty Extensions and Upgrades.
This step provides important information from Microsoft.
Sign up for Internet access.
This step guides you through signing up for a new
Internet account, or assists you in setting up your
computer to work with your existing Internet account.
48
Getting Started
Shutting down the computer
Completing installation
Upon completion, you will be prompted to click Finish to
restart your computer.
Shutting down the computer
It’s a good idea to turn off your computer when you’re not using it
for a while.
The Shut down command is the normal way to turn off your
computer.
1
Click Start, then Shut Down.
The Shut Down Windows dialog box appears.
®
Sample Shut down dialog box for the Windows 2000
Professional operating system
2
Select Shut down, then click OK.
The computer shuts down completely.
Getting Started
Shutting down the computer
49
Power down tips
There are a few additional things to keep in mind when you turn
off the power.
Never turn off the power while a disk drive or other device is
working. Doing so may damage the device or corrupt your
data. Before powering down the computer, check that all
drive-in-use lights are out.
For additional information about powering down your
computer so that you can start up again where you left off, see
“Powering down the computer” on page 107.
50
Getting Started
Shutting down the computer
— Blank Page —-
Chapter 3
Connecting Other
External Devices
This chapter describes how to connect devices that can increase
the capabilities of your Portégé 4000 Series computer.
Using external display devices
Your computer comes with a built-in LCD display, but you can
easily attach an external monitor to your computer if you need a
larger screen. To do this:
1
Connect the monitor’s video cable to the RGB (monitor) port
on the back of the computer.
2
Connect the monitor’s power cable to a live electrical outlet.
3
Turn on the external monitor.
4
Set the display mode by pressing Fn + F5, or by setting the
Display Properties settings. For more information, see
“Directing the display output when you turn on the
computer” on page 52.
51
52
Connecting Other External Devices
Using external display devices
Directing the display output when you turn on the computer
Once you’ve connected an external display device, you can choose
to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both
simultaneously. The quickest way to change the display output
settings is to use the display hot key (Fn + F5):
1
Press Fn and F5 simultaneously.
2
While holding down Fn, press F5 repeatedly until the setting
you want takes effect.
This hot key cycles through the settings in the following
order:
3
Built-in display panel only
Built-in display panel and external monitor
simultaneously
External monitor only
Built-in display panel and external video device
simultaneously
Other external video device only
Release the Fn key.
TECHNICAL NOTE: You can also change these settings
using the Display Properties Box.
Adjusting the quality of the external display
To obtain the best picture quality from your external display
device, you may need to adjust the video settings. See the
Connecting Other External Devices
Using an external keyboard
53
documentation supplied with the device for additional
configuration steps.
TECHNICAL NOTE: In order to use the simultaneous mode,
you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to
match the resolution of the external display device. The
external display device must support a resolution of 640 X
480 or higher.
Display limitations
Keep in mind that the quality of the display will be limited to the
capabilities of the external video device.
If the external video device, such as an SVGA monitor, is
capable of displaying at a maximum resolution of 640 x 480
and your system is set for a higher resolution, only part of the
desktop will appear on the screen. You can view the “lost”
area by scrolling to it.
If you use the display hot key (Fn + F5) to change the display
output with the LCD Display Stretch option enabled and the
Display area (resolution) set to 640 x 480 or 800 x 600, the
image on the internal display panel may appear stretched.
Using an external keyboard
If you prefer to use a full-size keyboard, you can attach one to your
computer.
A USB keyboard connects directly to one of the computer’s USB
ports. To use a PS/2-compatible keyboard, you must connect it to
the PS/2 port on a port replicator.
54
Connecting Other External Devices
Using a mouse
Making your external keyboard emulate the Fn key
NOTE: This feature is not available with a USB keyboard.
An external keyboard doesn’t have the Fn key contained on the
Portégé 4000 Series computer’s built-in keyboard. If you use the
®
computer’s hot keys or have set up key combinations in Fn-esse
(see “Fn-esse” on page 164) you’ll probably miss these features
when using an external keyboard. Don’t worry: you can use a key
combination on the external keyboard to emulate the Fn key. You
can set up this key combination through the Toshiba Hardware
®
Setup option icon on the Windows Control Panel. For more
information about Hardware Setup, see “HW Setup” on
page 169.
Using a mouse
You may want to use a mouse instead of the computer’s built-in
pointing device, the AccuPoint II. You can use a USB mouse, a
serial mouse or a PS/2-compatible mouse.
A USB or serial mouse disables the AccuPoint II. A PS/2compatible mouse allows you to have the AccuPoint II active at
the same time.
A USB mouse connects directly to one of the computer’s USB
ports. A PS/2 mouse or serial mouse must be connected to the
appropriate port on a port replicator.
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting a local printer
55
Setting up a PS/2 mouse with the AccuPoint II
When you connect a PS/2-compatible mouse via the PS/2 port on
the port replicator, you may use the mouse, the AccuPoint II, or
both.
CAUTION: When connecting any PS/2 device, Toshiba
recommends turning off your computer to prevent any
possible hardware damage.
To set the PS/2 mouse to work simultaneously with the
AccuPoint II:
1
Click Start, Settings, then point to Control Panel.
2
Double-click the Toshiba HWSetup icon.
3
Select the Pointing Devices tab, then click Simultaneous.
Connecting a local printer
You can connect a local printer to your computer.
Your computer has USB connectivity. Connecting a printer with a
parallel or serial interface requires a port replicator.
Before you can connect the printer, you need to know whether it
uses a USB, serial or parallel interface. Check the printer’s
documentation. If the printer has a USB interface, you can connect
it directly to the computer. If the printer is not a USB printer and
can be switched between serial and parallel mode, chose parallel
because it is faster.
You also need a suitable printer cable, which may come with your
printer. Alternatively, your organization may keep a stock of
cables; consult your network administrator. Otherwise, you can
purchase one from a computer or electronics store.
56
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting a local printer
Connecting a USB printer
1
Connect the printer cable to the USB port.
2
Connect the printer’s power cable to a wall outlet and turn on
the printer.
Connecting a serial or parallel printer
CAUTION: For a parallel or serial printer, never connect the
printer cable while the computer’s power is on. Doing so
may damage the printer, the computer, or both.
1
If the computer is on, turn it off.
2
Connect the computer to the port replicator.
3
Connect the printer cable to the parallel port on the port
replicator.
4
Connect the printer’s power cable to a wall outlet and turn on
the printer.
5
Turn on the computer.
Setting up your printer using the Windows ® 2000
Professional operating system
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then Control Panel and
double-click the Add/Remove Hardware icon.
The Add/Remove Hardware Wizard starts, and guides you
through setting up your printer.
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting a local printer
57
Sample Add Printer Wizard
2
Follow the directions on the screen to add your printer.
If your printer is not found, or if you want to install the driver
manually, use the printer driver that came with the printer to
complete the setup process.
3
Enter a name for your printer, or use the name supplied in the
Printer name text box.
4
If you want to set the printer as the default printer for
®
Windows -based programs, click Yes, then click Next.
5
If you want to print a test page, click Yes (recommended),
then click Finish.
For more information on getting your printer to print, see
“Printing your work” on page 85.
®
For information on setting up your printer using the Windows 98
operating system, see “Setting up your printer using
Windows ®” on page 228.
58
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting external speakers or headphones
Connecting external speakers or headphones
To attach an external stereo output device:
1
Locate the headphone jack on the left side of the computer.
2
Using any necessary adapters, plug the cable from the
external audio device into the headphone jack. The
headphone jack requires a 3.5 mm 16-ohm stereo jack.
For more information on using headphones or external speakers,
see “Playing a CD or DVD” on page 89.
Connecting an external microphone
Your computer comes equipped with an internal microphone, but
to record higher quality sounds, you can attach an external
microphone:
1
Locate the microphone jack on the left side of the computer.
2
Plug the microphone cord into the microphone jack.
3
Turn on the microphone.
The internal microphone is automatically disabled.
Once the external microphone is connected, the recording process
is the same as with the built-in microphone. For more information,
see “Recording sounds” on page 126.
Using an expansion device
The expansion port allows you to connect your computer to a port
replicator, which is an excellent investment if you’re using your
computer both in and out of the office.
When you return to your desk, you probably want to connect to
your network, print reports from your computer, or use a mouse
instead of the AccuPoint II. Connecting cables for each of these
103-connect.fm Page 59 Wednesday, August 1, 2001 10:03 AM
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
59
devices every time you return to the office is time-consuming and
inconvenient.
With a port replicator, you can leave external devices connected
while you are using your computer away from your desk. When
you return, you can quickly connect your computer and have
immediate access to all the devices.
A port replicator also provides serial, parallel and PS/2 ports to
support legacy devices such as a serial mouse and PS/2 keyboard.
Toshiba offers the following expansion device for your computer:
❖ Advanced Port Replicator
For more information, see the documentation that comes with the
device.
To purchase an expansion device, see the accessories information
packaged with your system or visit Toshiba’s Web site at
toshibaaccessories.com.
Adding memory
HINT: To purchase additional memory modules, see the
accessories information packaged with your system or visit
Toshiba’s Web site at toshibaaccessories.com.
Your computer is equipped with one or more SDRAM memory
modules. The two memory slots in this computer provide various
memory configurations. When adding memory, or replacing the
original memory, use only compatible PC133 MHz memory. If
you try to fit another type of memory, the system will beep and
will not boot beyond the BIOS memory check. An error message
may appear. If this occurs, contact Toshiba’s support center. See
“If you need further assistance” on page 220.
60
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
Since your computer was built to order, it should have enough
memory to run your current applications. However, if your
requirements change, you can install extra memory up to a
maximum of 512 MB.
Memory module sizes
Additional memory is easy to install. Memory modules come in
the following sizes:
128 MB PC133 SDRAM
256 MB PC133 SDRAM
The computer has two memory expansion slots. The following
table shows the possible memory configurations:
Total Memory
Memory Module Size Memory Module Size
(slot A)
(slot B)
128 MB
128 MB
none
256 MB
256 MB
none
128 MB
128 MB
256 MB
128 MB
128 MB
256 MB
256 MB
256 MB
384 MB
512 MB
Installing a memory module
Additional memory modules can be installed in the memory
expansion slots under your computer’s keyboard. You will need a
standard Phillips no.1 screwdriver and a small flat head
screwdriver for this procedure.
CAUTION: To avoid damaging the computer’s screws, use a
standard Phillips no. 1 screwdriver that is in good condition.
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
61
The computer has two memory expansion slots—Slot A and
Slot B. You can install one or two memory modules.
1
Shut down your computer completely using the Shut Down
command.
See “Shutting down the computer” on page 48.
2
Unplug the computer and remove any cables you may have
connected.
CAUTION: Installing a memory module with the computer’s
power on may damage the computer, the module, or both.
3
Open the display panel and remove the panel that contains
the Power and TOSHIBA Console buttons.
CAUTION: When removing the computer’s power and
TOSHIBA Console button panel to install additional memory,
be careful not to damage the display or circuit board.
Using a flat head screw driver to pry the panel off
You can pry the panel out of its position by using a flat head
screwdriver. Starting at the left or right side, carefully wedge
the flat head screwdriver between the panel and the
62
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
surrounding housing. Grasp the end of the panel, lift up and
wiggle it back and forth until the panel comes free.
Removing the left keyboard screw
4
Locate and remove the screws that hold the keyboard in place.
Removing the right keyboard screw
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
5
63
Lift the keyboard and place it face down on the palm rest of
the computer.
Lifting off the keyboard
The memory module expansion slots
64
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
CAUTION: Static electricity can damage the memory module.
Before you handle the module, touch a grounded metal
surface to discharge any static electricity you may have built
up.
To avoid damaging the memory module, be careful not to
touch its pin connector on the side you insert into the
computer.
6
Remove the new memory module from its antistatic
packaging.
7
Insert the memory module in the slot and gently press it down
into place.
The clips on either side of the module will click to secure the
module.
Inserting the memory module into the slot
Pressing the memory module into the slot
Connecting Other External Devices
Adding memory
65
8
Replace the keyboard and the screws.
9
Replace the panel that contains the Power and TOSHIBA
Console buttons. Press hard on the keyboard panel to snap it
into place.
10 Restart the computer.
When you turn on the computer, it automatically recognizes
the additional memory.
Removing a memory module
If you need to remove a memory module:
1
Complete steps 1–6 in “Installing a memory module” to shut
down the computer and expose the memory module(s).
2
Pull the clips away from the memory module.
The memory module pops partially out of the slot.
Pulling the clips away from the memory module
3
Carefully remove the module from the slot.
4
Replace the keyboard and the screws.
5
Replace the panel that contains the Power and TOSHIBA
Console buttons.
6
Restart the computer.
66
Connecting Other External Devices
Using Slim SelectBay modules
Using Slim SelectBay modules
The Slim SelectBay gives you additional flexibility. By inserting
and removing Slim SelectBay modules, you can configure your
computer for the task at hand without having to carry unnecessary
components with you when you travel. For example, any one of
several modules can be used in the Slim SelectBay:
CD-ROM drive
DVD-ROM drive. This drive can also be used as a standard
CD-ROM drive.
CD-R/RW drive
DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive
Weight saver insert (a “honeycomb” piece of plastic) that
reinforces the Slim SelectBay for travel. The weight saver
came in your computer’s accessories box
HINT: Items from this list that did not come with your
computer can be purchased separately. See the accessories
information packaged with your system or visit Toshiba’s
Web site at toshibaaccessories.com.
Removing a module from the Slim SelectBay
1
Shut down your computer completely using the Shut Down
command. See “Shutting down the computer” on page 48.
CAUTION: Installing or removing a module while the
computer power is on can damage the computer, the
module, or both.
2
Turn the computer upside down and locate the Slim
SelectBay module.
Connecting Other External Devices
Using Slim SelectBay modules
3
Slide the Slim SelectBay lock to the unlock position.
Unlocking the Slim SelectBay
4
Slide the Slim SelectBay latch toward the back of the
computer.
Unlatching the Slim SelectBay
67
68
Connecting Other External Devices
Inserting and removing PC Cards
5
While holding the latch, slide the module out of the computer.
Sliding the module out
If you are removing the weight saver, retain it for transporting
the computer when no other module is installed in the Slim
SelectBay.
Inserting a module into the Slim SelectBay
To install a module into the Slim SelectBay, slide the module all
the way into the Slim SelectBay.
Inserting and removing PC Cards
Your computer comes with two stacked PC Card slots and
supports three types of PC Cards:
Type I cards and Type II cards. You can install up to two of
these cards, one in each slot.
Type III cards are larger cards. You can install just one of
these cards.
Connecting Other External Devices
Inserting and removing PC Cards
69
Inserting a PC Card
Before you insert a PC Card, refer to the documentation that
comes with the card to see if you need to do anything before you
insert it.
To insert a PC Card:
1
Locate the PC Card slot on the left side of the computer.
2
Insert the PC Card.
If you have a Type III card, insert it in the lower part of the
slot. If you have a Type I or Type II card, you can insert it in
either the upper or lower part of the slot.
Inserting a PC Card
3
When the card is almost all the way into the slot, push firmly,
but gently, to ensure a firm connection with the computer.
Avoid forcing the card into position.
Removing a PC Card
1
Locate the PC Card ejection tab that corresponds to the slot in
which your PC Card is installed.
The top tab releases a card in the upper slot. The bottom tab
releases a card in the lower slot.
2
Push the eject button.
The eject button pops out from the slot.
70
Connecting Other External Devices
Inserting an SD Media card
3
Push the eject button again so the card will pop out.
4
Grasp the edges of the PC Card and slide it out of the slot.
Setting up a PC Card for your computer
Some PC Cards are ready to use as soon as you install them.
Others, such as hard disk cards and SCSI adapters, may need to be
set up to work with your computer. To set up your PC Card, refer
to the documentation that came with the card or refer to your
operating system manual or online help.
Inserting an SD Media card
To insert an SD Media card, turn the card so that the connector
(metal area) faces down then push the card in the slot until it locks
in place.
If the operating system does not recognize an inserted SD Media
card, remove and insert it again.
To remove an SD Media card, press the card inward to release it.
The card pops out slightly.
The green LED on the left side of the SD Media slot will glow
when the card is being accessed.
CAUTION: Do not touch the SD Media connector. You could
expose the storage area to static electricity which can destroy
data.
Do not remove an SD Media card while data is being written
or read. Even when the message “copying...” in the windows
disappears, the computer may be writing to the computer
and your data could be destroyed. Wait for the SD Media
indicator light to go out.
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting your modem to a telephone line
71
Connecting your modem to a telephone line
Your computer comes with a built-in modem that can be
connected to a standard voice-grade telephone line.
The modem allows you to:
Access the Internet.
Communicate with your office’s local area network (LAN), or
a larger corporate wide area network (WAN).
For specific information about connecting to a LAN or WAN,
consult your network administrator.
Send a fax directly from your computer.
Connecting to a phone line
Before you can communicate using the modem, you need to
connect it to a telephone line. Your computer’s built-in modem
provides an RJ11 jack.
1
Plug one end of the telephone cable into the modem port on
the back of the computer.
Connecting the telephone cable to the modem port
2
Connect the other end to the RJ11 wall jack.
72
Connecting Other External Devices
Connecting your modem to a telephone line
Connecting to a wall jack
CAUTION: The modem is designed for use with a standard
analog telephone line. Never connect the modem to a digital
telephone line. A digital line will damage the modem.
Now you’re ready to send a fax or use the modem to connect to an
online service or the Internet.
HINT: If you’re using a telephone line at home, disable Call
Waiting before connecting through the modem. Call Waiting
interrupts transmission.
For more information on using a modem, see “Setting up for
communications” on page 129.
Chapter 4
Learning the Basics
This chapter covers the basics of using your computer.
Computing tips
Save your work frequently.
Your work stays in the computer’s temporary memory until
you save it to the disk. You will lose all the work since your
last save if, for example, the network you are using goes down
and you must restart your computer to reconnect, or your
battery runs out of charge while you are working.
HINT: Some programs have an automatic-save feature which
you can turn on. This feature saves your file to the hard disk
at preset intervals. See your software documentation for
details.
Back up your files to disks (or other removable media) on a
regular basis. Label the backup copies clearly and store them
in a safe place.
73
74
Learning the Basics
Computing tips
It’s easy to put off backing up because it takes time. However,
if your hard disk suddenly fails, you will lose all the data on it
unless you have a separate backup copy.
Use ScanDisk, Disk Defragmenter, and the Maintenance
Wizard regularly to conserve disk space and help your
computer perform at its optimal level. Consult your
®
®
Microsoft Windows operating system documentation for
more information on these and other utilities.
Scan all new files for viruses.
This precaution is especially important for files you receive
via diskette, email, or download from the Internet.
Take frequent breaks to avoid repetitive-motion injuries and
eyestrain.
Never turn off the computer if a drive-in-use light indicates a
drive is active.
Turning off the computer while it is reading from or writing to
a disk may damage the disk, the drive, or both.
Always turn off your computer using the Shut Down or
®
®
Standby command in the Microsoft Windows operating
system. Do not turn off the computer using the Power button.
®
NOTE: The Windows operating system records
information, such as your desktop setup, during its
shutdown procedure. If you don’t let the operating system
shut down normally, details such as new icon positions may
be lost.
75
Learning the Basics
Windows® operating system basics
Windows® operating system basics
®
Your computer comes with the Microsoft Windows 2000
®
Professional or Windows 98 Second Edition operating system. If
®
you’ve used the Windows 98 or 95 operating system, you’ll find
®
the Windows 2000 Professional operating system similar in
many ways.
For information about your operating system, refer to the
operating system documentation that came with your computer, or
access its online Help.
To access online Help:
1
Click Start, then click Help.
®
NOTE: If you have a Windows program open, you can use a
keyboard shortcut F1, to access Help. Or click Help on the
program’s taskbar.
2
®
Click Index to view topics listed in the Windows Help
index, or click Search to look for a topic.
Using the keyboard
Your computer’s keyboard contains character keys, control keys,
function keys, and special Windows keys, providing all the
functionality of a full-size keyboard.
76
Learning the Basics
Using the keyboard
Keyboard
Character keys
Typing with the character keys is very much like typing on a
typewriter, except that:
The space bar creates a space character instead of just passing
over an area of the page.
The lowercase letter l (el) and the numeral 1 are not
interchangeable.
The uppercase letter O and the numeral 0 are not
interchangeable.
The Caps Lock key changes only the alphabet keys to upper
case—the number and symbol keys are not affected. The light
on the Caps Lock key glows when you press the Caps Lock key.
Making your keyboard emulate a full-size keyboard
Although your computer’s keyboard layout is compatible with a
standard full-size keyboard, it has fewer keys.
A standard full-size keyboard has two Enter, Ctrl, and Alt keys,
editing keys, cursor positioning keys, and a numeric keypad.
Pressing the Fn key simultaneously in combination with one of the
specially marked keys on your computer’s built-in keyboard
allows you to emulate a full-size keyboard.
Learning the Basics
Using the keyboard
77
Your computer’s keyboard has only one Enter and one Ctrl key.
Most of the time this doesn’t matter. However, some programs
assign separate functions to the right and left Ctrl and Alt keys, or to
the regular and numeric pad Enter keys on the full-sized keyboard.
Using the Fn key you can simulate these separate keys, as follows:
Press Fn and Ctrl simultaneously to simulate the Ctrl key on the
right side of the enhanced keyboard.
Press Fn and Enter simultaneously to simulate the Enter key on
the numeric pad of the enhanced keyboard.
Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys
Ctrl
Fn
Alt
Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys
The Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys do different things depending on the
program you are using. For more information, see your program
documentation.
Function keys
The function keys (not to be confused with the Fn key) are the 12
keys at the top of the keyboard.
Function keys
F1 through F12 are called function keys because they execute
programmed functions when pressed. Used in combination with
the Fn key, function keys marked with icons execute specific
functions on the computer. For more information, see “Fn-esse”
on page 164, or “Hot Keys” on page 243.
78
Learning the Basics
Using the keyboard
Windows® special keys
Start key
Application key
®
Windows special keys
Your computer’s keyboard has two keys that have special
functions in the operating system:
Start key—Opens the Start menu
Application key—Has the same function as the secondary
mouse (or AccuPoint II) button
Overlay keys
The keys with gray numbers and symbols on the front of them
form the numeric and cursor overlay. This overlay lets you enter
numeric data or control the cursor as you would using the 10-key
keypad on a desktop computer’s keyboard.
&
∗
7
8
Home 7
U
(
)
9
0
PgUp 9
8
I
4
O
5
J
P
-
6
K
End 1
∗
:
;
L
2
PgDn 3
>
M
.
Ins
0
Del
.
Numeric and cursor control overlay
+
?
/
/
Learning the Basics
Using the keyboard
79
Using the overlay to type numeric data
The keys with the numbers on their right front are the numeric
overlay keys.
To turn the numeric overlay on, press Fn and F11 simultaneously.
The on the key glows when the numeric overlay is on.
You can still use the overlay keys to type alphabetic characters
while the numeric overlay is on. To do so:
For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters.
For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you
type the letters.
To use the cursor control keys when the numeric overlay is on:
Press and hold down Shift while you use the cursor control
overlay keys.
To return to the numeric overlay, release Shift.
To disable the numeric overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F11
again. The numeric mode light on the keyboard indicator panel
goes out.
Using the overlay for cursor control
The keys with the gray arrows and symbols on their left front are
the cursor control overlay keys.
To turn the cursor control overlay on, press Fn and F10
simultaneously. The light on the key glows when the cursor
control overlay is on.
To type alphabetic characters while the overlay is on:
For lowercase letters, hold down Fn while you type the letters.
For uppercase letters, hold down both Fn and Shift while you
type the letters.
80
Learning the Basics
Using the AccuPoint II
To use the numeric overlay keys while the cursor control overlay is
on:
Hold down Shift while you use the numeric overlay keys.
To return to the cursor control overlay, release Shift.
To disable the cursor control overlay, hold down the Fn key and
press F10 again. The cursor control mode light on the keyboard
indicator panel goes out.
Using the AccuPoint II
AccuPoint II
pointing device
Programmable button
Programmable button
Primary button
Secondary button
AccuPoint II keys
AccuPoint II pointing device—Enables you to move the cursor
and to select items on the screen. (If you would prefer to use a
mouse or trackball, you can connect one to the computer’s USB
port, PS/2 port, or to the optional port replicator’s serial port. See
“Using a mouse” on page 54.)
To move the cursor, gently push the pointing device in the
direction you want the cursor to move. Pushing harder on the
pointing device moves the cursor faster.
Programmable buttons—Each button can be programmed to
perform a function you select. To program these buttons:
1
Double-click the mouse icon in the task tray.
Learning the Basics
Using the AccuPoint II
81
2
Select the Buttons tab.
3
Under Button Assignments, choose the button to be
programmed, and select its new function from the pull-down
menu.
4
Click OK. The button is now programmed with the function
you chose.
Primary button—Performs the same function as the left button
on a mouse.
When a step instructs you to click or choose an item, move the
cursor to the item, then press and release the primary button. To
double-click, press the primary button twice in rapid succession.
Secondary button—Performs the same function as the right
button on a mouse.
82
Learning the Basics
TOSHIBA Console button
TOSHIBA Console button
The TOSHIBA Console button, located above the keyboard,
allows quick access to some common functions. When the default
setting is active, the TOSHIBA Console button brings up the
Toshiba Console.
Toshiba Console box
To reprogram the TOSHIBA Console button:
1
Go to Start, Settings, Control Panel, and select Toshiba
Services.
The Toshiba Services Properties dialog box appears.
Learning the Basics
TOSHIBA Console button
2
83
Check the box under the Select a Button section to bring up
the Select a Program menu.
You have four options:
❖ Toshiba Console (default setting)
❖ Starts your Internet browser
❖ Starts your email
❖ Starts custom program
3
Select the radio button next to the desired option.
To enter a custom program, click the Select . . . button and enter
the appropriate information for the program, or select Browse to
find the program.
4
Click OK twice.
84
Learning the Basics
Starting a program
Starting a program
The easiest way to start a program is to click the name of the file
that contains the information you want to work on. To find the file,
®
use My Computer or Windows Explorer. If your computer has
®
Windows 98 Second Edition, refer to “Using Windows ®
Explorer” on page 227.
If you prefer to open the program first, you have four options. You
can:
Double-click the icon for the program on your desktop
Use the Start menu
®
Use Windows Explorer or My Computer to locate the
program file
Use the Run dialog box
Saving your work
Before you turn off the computer, save your work to the hard disk
drive or a diskette. This is one of the most important rules of
computing.
NOTE: Save data even when you are using Standby. If the
battery discharges before you return to work, your data will
be lost unless it has been saved.
Many programs offer a feature that saves documents at regular
intervals, such as every 15 minutes. Check your programs’
documentation to see if they have an automatic-save feature.
To save a new file:
Open the File menu of the program you are using, click Save
As, type a name for the file, then click OK.
Learning the Basics
Printing your work
85
To save a file you are updating:
Open the File menu of the program you are using, then click
Save.
HINT: To make another copy of the file you are currently
working with, choose Save As from the File menu and give
the new file a different name.
File names
File names can be up to 255 characters in length. You may use all
the letters and numbers on the keyboard plus the following
characters: _,^,$,~,!,#,%,&,{,},(,),@,[,], +, -,; , and ‘. File names
can include spaces.
Printing your work
Before you begin printing, make sure your computer is set up for
your printer. See “Setting up your printer” on page 121.
TECHNICAL NOTE: You only need to set up the printer the
first time you connect it. If you use more than one printer or
are changing printers, you will need to set up Windows to
run with the additional printer(s).
To print a file:
1
If your printer is not on, turn it on now.
2
In the File menu of the program you are using, click Print.
The program displays a Print dialog box.
86
Learning the Basics
Using a compact disc drive
A sample Print dialog box
3
Click OK to print.
Using a compact disc drive
Your Portégé 4000 Series computer may have a CD-ROM drive
that can read CDs, a CD-RW drive that can read and write CDs, a
DVD-ROM drive that can read both DVDs and CDs, or a
multifunction DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive.
If the drive is not currently installed in the Slim SelectBay, follow
the instructions in “Using Slim SelectBay modules” on
page 66.
HINT: Your DVD-ROM drive is designed to play Region 1
(North America) DVD-ROMs. For more information, see
“Setting general properties” on page 149.
Learning the Basics
Using a compact disc drive
87
Drive-in-use indicator light
Eject button
Manual eject hole
DVD-ROM drive
Drive-in-use indicator light—Glows when the drive is in use.
Eject button—Press to release the disc tray.
CAUTION: Never press the eject button or turn off the
computer while the drive-in-use indicator light is glowing.
Doing so could damage the disc or the drive.
When the disc tray is open, be careful not to touch the lens
or the area around it. Doing so could cause the drive to
malfunction.
Manual eject hole—Use if you need to release the disc tray when
the power is off. Use a straightened paper clip or other narrow
object to press the manual eject button located inside the hole.
CAUTION: Never use a pencil to press the eject button.
Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it.
Inserting compact discs
To insert a compact disc into the drive:
1
Make sure the computer is turned on.
2
Make sure the drive-in-use indicator light is off.
3
Press the drive’s eject button.
88
Learning the Basics
Using a compact disc drive
The disc tray slides partially out of the drive (about 1 inch).
HINT: The drive won’t open if the computer’s power is off.
4
Grasp the tray and pull it fully open.
Drive tray fully extended
5
Hold the disc by its edges and check that it is free of dust.
If the disc is dusty, clean it as described in “Problems with
the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive” on page 205.
6
Place the disc carefully in the disc tray, label side up.
Positioning the disc in the drive
Learning the Basics
Using a compact disc drive
7
89
Gently press the disc onto the center spindle until you feel it
click into place.
CAUTION: Handle DVDs and CDs carefully, making contact
only with the center hole and edge. Never touch the surface
of the disc. Never stack discs. If you incorrectly handle the
discs, you could lose data.
8
Make sure the disc is completely on the spindle and is lying
flat on the tray.
CAUTION: If you insert the disc incorrectly, it may jam the
drive. If this happens, contact your network administrator for
assistance.
9
Push the disc tray in by pressing gently on the center of the
tray until it clicks into place.
You are ready to use the disc.
Playing a CD or DVD
For information on playing a disc, see “Playing an audio CDROM” on page 127, or “WinDVD” on page 139.
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Learning the Basics
Using a compact disc drive
Removing compact discs
To remove a compact disc (CD or DVD) with the computer turned
on:
1
Press the eject button on the drive.
CAUTION: Never press the eject button while the drive-inuse indicator light is glowing. Doing so could damage the
disc or the drive.
Also, if the disc is still spinning when you open the disc tray,
wait for it to stop spinning before you remove it.
2
Pull the tray until it is fully open, remove the disc, and place it
in its protective cover.
3
Gently push the tray in to close it.
To remove a compact disc with the computer turned off:
1
Insert a slender object, such as a straightened paper clip, into
the manual eject hole.
2
Gently pull the tray out until it is fully open, remove the disc,
and place it in its protective cover.
3
Gently push the tray in to close it.
Caring for CDs and DVDs
Store your discs in their original containers to protect them
from scratches and keep them clean.
Never bend a disc or place heavy objects on top of it.
Never apply a label to, or otherwise mar the surface of a disc.
Hold a disc by its outside edge. Fingerprints on the surface
can prevent the DVD-ROM drive from reading the data
properly.
Learning the Basics
Using PC Cards
91
Avoid exposing discs to direct sunlight or extreme heat or
cold.
To clean a disc that is dirty, wipe it with a clean, dry cloth. The
most efficient method to clean it is to start from the center of
the disc and wipe toward the outward edge (not in a circle). If
necessary, moisten the cloth with water or a neutral cleaner
(not benzine or rubbing alcohol). Let the disc dry completely
before inserting it in the drive.
Using PC Cards
TECHNICAL NOTE: For PCMCIA-compatible PC Cards,
check the package to make sure they conform to the
PCMCIA 2.1 standard (or later). Other cards may work with
your computer, but are likely to be much more difficult to set
up and use.
For information on inserting or removing a PC Card, see
“Inserting and removing PC Cards” on page 68.
Hot swapping
With PC Cards, you can replace one PC Card with another while
the computer is on. This is called “hot swapping.”
Although you can insert a PC Card at any time, remember not to
remove a card while it is in use. Otherwise, you could lose
valuable information. For example:
Never remove a hard disk card while the system is accessing
it.
Never remove a network card while you are connected to a
network.
Never remove a SCSI card while any of the SCSI devices
connected to it are operating.
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Learning the Basics
Using your computer at the office
Before removing a PC Card, stop it by clicking the PC Card
(PCMCIA) icon on the taskbar. After the PC Card is stopped, you
can safely remove it.
Using your computer at the office
By connecting an external monitor, external full-size keyboard,
and a mouse, you can work with your notebook as if it were a
standard office computer.
An external monitor connects to the computer’s monitor port.
An external PS/2-compatible keyboard or a PS/2 mouse connects
to the PS/2 port of a port replicator. An optional Y-cable lets you
connect both devices to the port simultaneously.
An external USB mouse connects to one of the computer’s USB
ports. For a serial mouse you need to attach the computer to the
optional port replicator.
For more information on connecting these and other components,
see “Connecting Other External Devices” on page 51.
Using a computer lock
For your own peace of mind, you may want to secure your
computer to a heavy object such as your desk. The easiest way to
do this is to purchase an optional PORT-Noteworthy Computer
Lock Cable.
PORT-Noteworthy Computer Lock Cable
Learning the Basics
Caring for your computer
93
To secure the computer:
1
Loop the cable through or around some part of a heavy object.
Make sure there is no way for a potential thief to slip the cable
off the object.
2
Pass the locking end through the loop.
3
Slide the PC Card lock (located underneath the PC Card slots)
to secure your PC Cards in place.
4
Insert the cable’s locking end into the security lock slot on the
computer, then give the key a quarter turn and remove it.
The computer is now securely locked.
Caring for your computer
This section gives tips on cleaning and moving your computer. For
information about taking care of your computer’s battery, see
“Running the computer on battery power” on page 96.
Cleaning the computer
CAUTION: Keep liquids, including cleaning fluid, out of the
computer’s keyboard, speaker, and other openings. Never
spray cleaner directly onto the computer. Never use harsh or
caustic chemical products to clean the computer.
To keep your computer clean, gently wipe the display panel and
exterior case with a lightly dampened cloth. Ask your network
administrator for suggestions for appropriate cleaning products.
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Learning the Basics
Caring for your computer
Moving the computer
Before moving your computer, even across the room, make sure
all disk activity has ended (the drive-in-use lights stop glowing)
and all external peripheral cables are disconnected.
CAUTION: Never pick up the computer by its display panel
or by the back (where the ports are located).
Although your notebook computer is built to withstand reasonable
shock and vibration, transport it in a carrying case for long trips.
You can purchase a carrying case from your authorized Toshiba
representative, through the accessories information packaged with
your system, or visit Toshiba’s Web site at: toshibaaccessories.com.
Chapter 5
Power Management
Toshiba’s energy-saver design
Toshiba is a partner in the Environmental Protection Agency’s
(EPA) Energy Star Program and has designed this product to meet
the Energy Star guidelines for energy efficiency.
The computer enters a low-power, standby mode when it is not
being used, thereby conserving energy.
Many of these energy-saving features have been set by Toshiba or
your network administrator. We recommend you leave these
features active, so that your computer will operate at its maximum
energy efficiency. For more information on managing your power
usage, see “Power Saver” on page 171, and “Power Saver” on
page 171.
This chapter covers all the aspects of using your computer on
battery power.
95
96
Power Management
Running the computer on battery power
Running the computer on battery power
The computer contains a removable lithium ion (Li-ion) battery
pack that provides power when you are away from an AC outlet.
This is the main battery. You can recharge it many times.
The computer has an internal, lithium ion (Li-ion), real-time-clock
(RTC) battery.
The RTC battery powers the RTC memory that stores your system
configuration settings and the current time and date information. It
maintains this information for up to a month while the computer is
turned off.
TECHNICAL NOTE: For optimum DVD performance, always
play DVDs while your computer is connected to AC power.
Charging the batteries
You can charge the main battery in your computer or in an
optional battery charger.
NOTE: Use only the battery charger supplied by Toshiba for
use with your computer’s batteries.
To charge the batteries in your computer, plug the computer into a
live electrical outlet. The batteries charge whether the computer is
on or off. It takes approximately three hours to charge the battery
with the computer turned off, or up to 10 hours when the computer
is on.
The main battery light ( ) glows amber while the battery is being
charged, and glows green when it is fully charged.
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Power Management
Running the computer on battery power
A battery may not start charging immediately under the following
conditions:
The battery is extremely hot or cold. To ensure that the battery
charges to its full capacity, wait until it reaches room
temperature.
The battery is almost completely discharged. Leave the power
connected and the battery should begin charging after a few
minutes.
The main battery charges the backup and RTC batteries.
During normal use, the main battery keeps the other batteries
adequately charged. Occasionally, the backup and RTC batteries
may lose their charge completely, especially if you’ve had the
computer turned off for a long time. To recharge:
The backup battery, plug the computer in and leave it turned
off for two and a half to five hours.
The RTC battery, plug the computer in and turn it on for at
least 24 hours.
Monitoring battery power
®
The following information is for systems with the Windows
2000 Professional operating system. If your computer has
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system, refer to
“Determining remaining battery power” on page 228.
The computer’s main battery light indicates the main battery’s
current charge, as follows:
Green indicates the AC adapter has fully charged the battery.
Amber indicates the AC adapter is charging the battery.
Off indicates that the battery is not being charged.
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Power Management
Running the computer on battery power
NOTE: Battery life and charge time may vary depending upon
power management settings, applications and features used.
Flashing amber indicates that the computer is using battery
power, and the battery’s charge is running low.
HINT: Be careful not to confuse the battery light ( ) with
the on/off light ( ). When the on/off light flashes amber, it®
indicates that the system is suspended (using the Windows
operating system’s Standby command).
Displaying remaining battery power
You can monitor the battery’s remaining charge of each battery.
The computer calculates the remaining battery charge as it
operates, based on your current rate of power use.
To show remaining power:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Toshiba
Power Saver icon.
The Power Saver Properties dialog box appears.
Power Management
Running the computer on battery power
99
Sample Power Saver Properties Dialog Box
The Power Save Modes tab displays the remaining amount of
time for each of the different power usage modes.
With repeated discharges and recharges, the battery’s capacity will
gradually decrease. A frequently used older battery will not power
the computer for as long as a new battery, even when both are fully
charged.
HINT: Wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the computer
before trying to monitor the remaining battery power.The
computer needs this time to check the battery’s remaining
capacity and perform its calculations.
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Power Management
What to do when the battery alarm sounds
WARNING: The computer drains battery power more quickly
at low temperatures. Check your remaining charge frequently
if you’re working in temperatures below 50 degrees
Fahrenheit.
®
The Windows operating system has additional power
management options that can be accessed through an icon in the
Control Panel. For more information, see “Power Saver” on
page 171.
What to do when the battery alarm sounds
Your Portégé 4000 Series computer can be configured to warn you
of a low battery charge condition so you may take the necessary
steps to save your work.
®
Your Windows operating system offers two alarms before your
system shuts down.
®
To change the default alarm settings in the Windows operating
system:
1
Click Start, Settings, then Control Panel.
2
Double-click the Toshiba Power Saver icon.
3
Select the appropriate Running on batteries option.
4
Click the Details... button.
5
Select the Alarm tab and adjust the settings to suit your
needs.
Before your computer runs out of battery power, save your data
and take one of the following actions:
Suspend or shut down your computer.
Shut down your computer and replace the main battery with a
charged one as outlined in “Changing batteries” on
page 101.
Power Management
Changing batteries
101
Connect your computer to an AC power source.
Changing batteries
CAUTION: When handling battery packs, don’t drop or knock
them. Also be careful not to damage the casing or shortcircuit the terminals.
To change the battery:
1
Save your work.
2
Shut down and turn off the computer.
3
Remove all cables connected to the computer.
4
Turn the computer over.
5
Slide the battery release latch to the right
6
Insert a fingertip in the battery module recessed area and pull
the discharged battery module out of the computer.
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Power Management
Changing batteries
Unlocking the battery
Removing the discharged battery
WARNING: If the battery is leaking or its case is cracked, put
on protective gloves to handle it, and discard it immediately
following the advice in “Disposing of used batteries safely”
on page 104.
7
Wipe the terminals of the charged battery with a clean cloth to
ensure a good connection.
8
Insert the charged battery into the slot.
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Taking care of your battery
103
The battery pack has been designed so that you cannot install
it with reverse polarity.
CAUTION: If the battery does not slide into the slot easily,
remove the battery and try again. Avoid forcing the battery
into position.
9
Turn the computer right side up and lock the battery release
latch.
10 Reconnect any cables.
11 Restart the computer.
For information on changing a battery in a Slim SelectBay
module, see “Using Slim SelectBay modules” on page 66.
Taking care of your battery
The following sections offer tips on how to take care of your
battery and prolong its life.
Safety precautions
Never try to disassemble a battery pack.
Never overcharge or reverse charge a battery. Overcharging
will shorten its life and reverse charging could destroy it,
causing the release of toxic fumes.
Avoid touching the metal terminals of the battery with another
metal object. Short circuiting the battery will cause it to
overheat and may do permanent damage.
Never incinerate a spent battery as this will cause it to explode
releasing toxic materials.
If a battery is leaking or damaged, replace it immediately. Use
protective gloves when handling a damaged battery.
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Power Management
Taking care of your battery
When you need to replace the main battery, use an identical
battery from the same manufacturer.
Maximizing battery life
If you’re not going to use the computer for a long period,
remove the battery pack.
Alternate between battery packs if you have a spare.
Make sure your computer is turned off when you’re replacing
the battery pack.
Store spare battery packs in a cool dry place out of direct
sunlight.
Disposing of used batteries safely
The life of a battery pack is over 1000 recharges, so it should last
for years. When the battery pack needs replacing, the main battery
light flashes amber shortly after you have fully recharged the
battery.
You must discard a battery pack if it has become damaged.
The battery can explode if it is not disposed of properly. So don’t
simply throw it away. Putting spent batteries in the trash is not only
irresponsible, it may also be illegal.
Your company may have a procedure for disposing of used
batteries safely. Otherwise, the materials that came with your
computer may include an insert regarding the disposal of batteries.
If not, check with your local government for information on where
to recycle or dispose of old batteries.
If you cannot find the information you need, contact your network
administrator for assistance.
Power Management
Conserving power
105
Conserving power
How long a fully charged battery pack lasts when you are using
the computer depends on a number of factors, such as:
How the computer is configured.
How much you use the hard disk, DVD-ROM, CD-ROM,
and diskette drives.
Whether you use any optional devices to which the battery
supplies power.
Where you are working, since operating time decreases at low
temperatures.
There are various ways in which you can conserve power and
extend the operating time of your battery:
Enable Standby or Hibernation mode, which saves power
when you turn off the computer and turn it back on again.
Use Toshiba’s power-saving options.
These power-saving options control the way in which the
computer is configured. By using them, you can greatly increase
the length of time you can use the computer before you need to
recharge the battery.
Toshiba has combined these options into preset power usage
modes. Using one of these modes lets you choose between
maximum power savings and peak system performance. You may
also set individual power-saving options to suit your own needs.
The following sections describe how to choose a power usage
mode and discuss each power-saving option.
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Power Management
Additional battery options
Power usage modes in the Windows® operating system
®
In the Windows operating system, you can choose from
predefined power usage modes or select your own combination of
power management options. To do this:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, Control Panel, and click the
Power Saver icon.
2
Open the Power Save Modes tab and set your options.
3
For more information, see “Power Saver” on page 171.
Using a hot key to set the power usage mode
You may use a hot key to set the power usage mode.
®
To set the power usage mode in the Windows operating system:
1
Press Fn and F2 simultaneously to display the power usage
pop-up window.
2
While continuing to press Fn, press F2 until you select the
desired power usage mode.
The power usage modes under battery power are:
Long Life, Normal, and High Power.
The power usage mode under AC power is Full Power only
3
Release the Fn key.
The pop-up window disappears. You’re now in the selected
mode.
For more information on setting the battery power usage mode,
see “Power usage mode” on page 245, or “Power Saver” on
page 171.
Additional battery options
Depending on the amount of time you spend away from external
power sources, the capacity of one battery pack may be sufficient
Power Management
Powering down the computer
107
for your needs. However, if you need more portable power,
Toshiba provides these options:
Purchase extra battery packs.
Purchase a battery charger that charges one main battery pack
and one spare module at a time.
Powering down the computer
When you power down the computer, you have three options to
choose from:
Shut down, which powers off the computer
Hibernation, which saves the current operating mode to the
hard disk and powers off the computer
Standby, which saves the current operating mode to memory
and enters a low power mode
Each option has its advantages.
TECHNICAL NOTE: Before using any of these options to
power down your computer, save your files and make sure
all drive-in-use lights are off.
If you change your mind and decide to continue working
after all, wait a few seconds before turning the computer on
again.
Shut down command
The Shut down command powers off the computer. When you
start up again, the computer runs a self-test and loads the operating
system. You must open any programs and files you want to use.
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Power Management
Powering down the computer
Factors to consider when choosing Shut down:
No power is used while the computer is shut down. This is the
most efficient mode if you will be away from your computer
for an extended time.
Restarting from Shut down uses the most time and battery
power.
When starting up again, the system does not automatically
open the programs and files you were previously using.
Hibernation command
The Hibernation command powers off the computer, but it first
saves the current mode of the computer to the hard disk. Since
Hibernation does not require power to maintain the saved
information, the system settings are retained indefinitely.
Restoring information from the hard disk takes longer than
restoring it from memory. When you start up again, the computer
runs a self-test, loads the operating system, and then returns to the
mode in which you left it.
Factors to consider when choosing Hibernation:
While in Hibernation mode, the computer uses no battery
power.
Because the state of the system is held on the hard disk, no
data is lost if the battery discharges while the computer is in
Hibernation mode.
When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery
power than the Shut down option. But it uses a little more time
and battery power to start up than the Standby option, because
information is being retrieved from the hard disk instead of
from memory.
On restarting, the computer returns to the mode in which you
left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using.
Power Management
Powering down the computer
109
To enable/disable Hibernation, perform the following steps:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, Control Panel, then click the
Toshiba Power Saver icon.
The Toshiba Power Saver Properties dialog box appears.
2
Click the Hibernation tab.
3
Check or uncheck the Enable hibernate support.
Checking the box enables Hibernation. Unchecking the box
disables Hibernation.
Sample Toshiba Power Saver Properties dialog box
4
Click OK.
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Power Management
Powering down the computer
Your setting is changed immediately.
®
NOTE: If Hibernation is disabled in the Windows 2000
Professional operating system, Hibernation will not show as
an option in the Shut down box.
®
In the Windows 98 Second Edition operating system, when
Hibernation is enabled, the operating system will not go to
Standby. A pop-up message box will instruct you to check
Hibernate support on Power Management to allow
Hibernation.
Standby command
The Standby command puts the computer into a power-saving
mode. Standby stores the current state of the computer in memory
so that, when you restart the computer, you can continue working
from where you left off.
Factors to consider when choosing Standby:
While in Standby mode, the computer uses some battery
power.
When starting up again, this choice uses less time and battery
power than does Shut down or Hibernation.
On restarting, the computer returns to the mode in which you
left it, and opens all the programs and files you were using.
NOTE: If you power down using the Standby command and
the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be
sure to save your work often.
Power Management
Using Shut down
111
Using Shut down
To power down the computer using the Shut down command,
click Start, Shut Down, select Shut down, then click OK.
Sample Shut Down Windows dialog box
The computer turns itself off.
Shutting down more quickly
You can also shut down the computer by either pressing the power
button or closing the display panel.
To use either of these methods, you first need to turn on the feature
in Toshiba’s Power Saver utility.
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Toshiba
Power Saver icon.
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Power Management
Using Shut down
The Power Saver Properties dialog box appears.
Sample Power Saver Properties dialog box
3
In the Running on batteries area, click the Details... button,
then select the System Power Mode tab.
Power Management
Using Shut down
113
A Properties dialog box appears.
Sample Long Life Properties dialog box
4
Select Shutdown for the options you want.
When I press the power button
Set this option to Shutdown so that the computer shuts
down when you press the power button.
When I close the lid
Set this option to Shutdown so that the computer shuts
down when you close the display panel.
5
Click Override all Modes with settings here.
6
In the Set to range dialog box, do one of the following:
Click AC only for the settings to apply only when you are
using battery power.
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Power Management
Using Hibernation
Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using
battery power or outlet power.
7
Click OK.
8
Click OK again, then close the Control Panel.
Starting again after Shut down
To start the computer up again, press the power button until the on/
off light changes to green.
Using Hibernation
To power down the computer using the Hibernation option, click
Start, Shut Down, select Hibernate, then click OK.
Sample Shut Down Windows dialog box
The computer saves the state of the system, including all open
programs and files, to the hard disk, and then powers down
completely.
Going into Hibernation mode more quickly
You can also put the computer into Hibernation mode by either
pressing the power button or closing the display panel.
Power Management
Using Hibernation
115
To use either of these methods, you first need to turn on the feature
in Toshiba’s Power Saver utility.
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Toshiba
Power Saver icon.
3
In the Running on batteries area, click the Details... button,
then select the System Power Mode tab.
4
Select Hibernation for the options you want.
When I press the power button
Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer goes
into Hibernation mode when you press the power button.
When I close the lid
Set this option to Hibernation so that the computer goes
into Hibernation mode when you close the display panel.
5
Click Override all Modes with settings here.
6
In the Set to range dialog box, do one of the following:
Click AC only for the settings to apply only when you are
using battery power.
Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using
battery power or outlet power.
7
Click OK.
8
Click OK again, then close the Control Panel.
Starting again from Hibernation
To start up the computer from Hibernation mode, press the power
button until the on/off light turns green. The computer returns to
the screen you were using.
If you activate Hibernation by closing the display panel, you can
restart the computer by opening the display panel.
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Power Management
Using Standby
Using Standby
To power down the computer using the Standby command, click
Start, Shut Down, select Stand by, then click OK.
Sample Shut Down Windows dialog box
The computer saves the status of all open programs and files to
memory, turns off the display, and goes into a low-power mode.
The on/off light ( ) glows amber, indicating the machine is in
Standby mode.
Going into Standby mode more quickly
You can put the computer into Standby mode by either pressing
the power button or closing the display panel. You can also specify
an amount of time after which the computer automatically goes
into Standby mode.
To use any of these methods, you first need to enable them in
Toshiba’s Power Saver utility.
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Toshiba
Power Saver icon.
Power Management
Using Standby
117
The Power Saver Properties dialog box appears.
Sample Toshiba Power Saver Properties dialog box
3
In the Running on batteries area, click the Details... button,
then select the System Power Mode tab.
4
Select Standby for the options you want.
When I press the power button
Set this option to Standby so that the computer goes into
Standby mode when you press the power button.
When I close the lid
Set this option to Standby so that the computer goes into
Standby mode when you close the display panel.
When the system standby time has passed
Set this option to Standby so that the computer
automatically goes into Standby mode if you haven’t
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Power Management
Using Standby
used it for a specified amount of time. You can set the
System standby time on the Power Save Mode tab.
5
Click Override all Modes with settings here.
6
In the Set to range dialog box, do one of the following:
Click AC only for the settings to apply only when you are
using battery power.
Click All for the settings to apply whether you are using
battery power or outlet power.
7
Click OK.
8
Click OK again, then close the Control Panel.
Starting again from Standby
To start up the computer from Standby mode, press the power
button until the on/off light changes to green. The computer
returns to the screen you were using.
If you put the computer in Standby mode by closing the display
panel, you can start it again by opening the display panel.
NOTE: If you power down using the Standby command and
the battery discharges fully, your information will be lost. Be
sure to save your work often.
Quickly changing your Shut down mode
You can quickly and easily change your Shut down mode by using
a hot key.
To change your Shut down mode:
1
Press Fn and F3 simultaneously to display the Shut down mode
pop-up window.
Power Management
Using Standby
2
While continuing to press Fn, press F3 until the pop-up
window highlights your choice.
Sample Shut down modes with Hibernation enabled
The Shut down modes are:
Standby, Hibernate, and Power Off.
3
119
Release the Fn key.
The pop-up window closes.
The selected mode is now the shutdown choice.
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Power Management
Using Standby
— Blank Page —-
Chapter 6
Exploring Your Options
In this chapter, you will explore some of the special features of
your Portégé 4000 Series notebook computer.
Setting up your printer
When you turned on your computer for the first time, the
®
Windows Setup program offered you the opportunity to define a
printer. Read this section if you did not do so, or if you want to set
up a different printer.
Setting up a printer involves choosing a printer driver. This special
program acts as a translator that turns your work into a form the
printer can understand. This section describes how to select a
®
printer driver in the Windows 2000 operating system.
®
If you are using any non-Windows programs, you need to set up
a printer driver for each of those programs. Refer to your
program’s documentation for more information.
121
122
Exploring Your Options
Setting up your printer
Setting up the Windows® operating system to work with
your printer
®
To set up a printer with the Windows 2000 Professional
operating system’s Add Printer Wizard:
1
Click the Start button, then point to Settings, and click
Printers.
The Printers display panel opens.
Printers panel
2
Double-click Add Printer.
Exploring Your Options
Setting up your printer
123
The Add Printer Wizard starts.
Add Printer Wizard
3
Click Next.
The Add Printer Wizard asks you to select your printer.
TECHNICAL NOTE: If your printer is Plug and Play, and the
operating system recognizes it automatically, you can ignore
the remainder of this section.
4
If the printer you are setting up:
5
Is not connected to a network, select Local printer.
Is connected to a network, select Network printer.
Click Next.
The Add Printer Wizard prompts you to select your printer.
6
From the list of manufacturers and printers, select your
printer, then click Next.
The Add Printer Wizard prompts for the printer port.
124
7
Exploring Your Options
Setting up your printer
Select the port settings according to the instructions in your
printer’s documentation and the port to which your printer is
connected, then click Next.
The Add Printer Wizard prompts you to enter a “friendly”
printer name.
8
Enter a name for your printer, then click Next.
HINT: If you are using more than one printer, make sure the
name is descriptive enough to help you tell the difference.
9
If you want this printer to be:
The default printer, click Yes.
Available when specifically requested, click No.
10 Click Next.
You are prompted to print a test page.
11 If your printer is connected and turned on, click Finish to
print a test page.
To complete the setup procedure without printing a test page,
click No, then click Finish.
You are now ready to print.
12 Click OK to print.
Depending on your program, you may see various messages
indicating the status of your print job.
Exploring Your Options
Exploring audio features
125
Exploring audio features
You can play .wav sound files or audio CDs on your computer.
You can also use your computer to record sounds.
Using external speakers or headphones
Your computer is equipped with a full stereo sound system with
internal speakers. Instead of using the internal speakers, you can
connect headphones or a pair of external stereo speakers.
TECHNICAL NOTE: Use amplified speakers that require an
external power source. Other types of speakers will be
inadequate to produce sound from the computer.
To play back sound files through headphones or external speakers:
1
Locate the headphone jack on the computer.
2
Using any necessary adapters, plug the cable from the
headphones or external speakers into the headphone jack.
The headphone jack requires a 16-ohm stereo mini jack.
To adjust the volume:
For external speakers, use the volume controls on each
speaker.
For headphones, use the computer’s volume control dial.
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Exploring Your Options
Exploring audio features
Recording sounds
You may record sounds and save them as .wav files using the
built-in microphone or an external microphone. The easiest way to
record is through the computer’s built-in microphone.
DEFINITION: A .wav (pronounced “wave”)
file is the format
®
for storing sound in files in a Windows operating system.
®
To record sounds using the microphone in the Windows
operating system:
1
If you want to use an external microphone, connect it to the
external microphone jack.
2
Click Start, point to Programs, Accessories, and then click
Entertainment.
3
Click Sound Recorder.
The Sound Recorder screen appears.
Positioning
bar
Record
Stop
Play
Skip forward
Skip backward
Sound Recorder screen
4
Click the Record button.
5
Speak normally into the microphone.
The maximum recording time is 60 seconds.
Exploring Your Options
Exploring audio features
127
6
When you have finished recording, click the Stop button.
7
To hear what you just recorded, click the Play button.
8
To save the file, select Save from the File menu.
Adjusting recording quality
The better the quality of the recording, the more disk space the
sound file requires. Experiment to find a balance that fits your
needs.
1
Open Sound Recorder, if necessary. (Click Start, point to
Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, and then click
Sound Recorder.)
2
In the Sound Recorder window, click Edit, then click Audio
Properties.
3
In the Audio Properties dialog box, adjust the Recording
Volume, Preferred device, and Preferred quality according to
your needs.
4
Click OK.
Your new settings take effect the next time you record.
Playing an audio CD-ROM
If your Portégé 4000 Series computer came with a CD-ROM, CDR/RW, DVD-ROM, or multifunction DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive,
you can use your computer to play audio CDs.
CAUTION: Before playing an audio CD, turn the volume dial
down. Playing the CD at maximum volume could damage
the computer’s speakers.
To insert a CD in the CD-ROM drive follow the instructions in
“Inserting compact discs” on page 87.
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Exploring Your Options
Exchanging data with another computer
The computer automatically detects the compact disc in the drive,
opens the appropriate player, and begins to play the disc.
Using Windows MediaTM Player
To start Windows MediaTM Player manually:
1
Click Start, point to Programs, Accessories, and then click
Entertainment.
2
Click Windows Media Player.
Exchanging data with another computer
To transfer a large amount of information between computers, you
can use a special synchronization program and the computer’s
infrared port, or an optional port replicator’s serial or parallel port.
To transfer files through:
The infrared port, the other computer must have a compatible
infrared port.
The serial port, you need a null modem serial cable.
®
The parallel port, you need a LapLink -type parallel cable.
To transfer files:
1
Place the computers so that their infrared ports are aligned. Or
attach your notebook to a port replicator and use the
appropriate serial or parallel cable to connect the other
computer.
2
Load the transfer program on both computers.
3
Set any specific options.
4
Start the transfer.
5
When you have finished transferring files, close the programs
on both computers.
Exploring Your Options
Exchanging data with another computer
129
For detailed information on ways to transfer files:
1
Click Start, then Help.
2
Choose the Index tab.
3
In the dialog box, type communicating.
4
Follow the online instructions.
Setting up for communications
In order to connect to the Internet, use an online service, or
communicate across the telephone lines with another computer,
you need:
A modem (one comes with your computer)
A telephone line
A browser or communications program
An Internet Service Provider (ISP) or online service if you
plan to use the Internet
Determining the COM port
Your modem is connected to one of the computer’s COM
(communications) ports. The default setting for the modem is
COM2.
The following procedure is intended to support you if you need to
either upgrade your modem or reset the port to the default settings.
DEFINITION: Although the terms are often used
interchangeably, the serial port and COM port are really two
different things. The serial port is the physical port. The
COM port is a unique identifier the computer uses to
communicate with the serial port or other serial devices.
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Exchanging data with another computer
If you’re having trouble connecting through the modem, you may
need to determine the current COM port name and possibly
change it.
To find out which port your modem is connected to in the
®
Windows operating system:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, and click Control Panel.
The Control Panel opens.
2
Double-click Modems.
The Modem Properties dialog box appears.
3
Click the Diagnostics tab.
Your modem should be listed next to one of the computer’s
COM ports.
4
Make a note of the COM port number.
5
To verify that the modem is set up properly, click the port to
which your modem is connected and then click More Info to
®
run the Windows Modem Diagnostics.
®
The Windows operating system communicates with the
modem and displays identifying information reported by the
modem. If the operating system cannot communicate with the
modem, it displays an error message. Consult the
troubleshooting sections of your modem and
®
Windows operating system documentation.
6
Click OK to close the Modem Properties dialog box.
7
Close the Control Panel.
Exploring Your Options
Exchanging data with another computer
131
Connecting the modem to a telephone line
Before you can use the modem, you must connect it to a standard
voice-grade telephone line. For more information, see
“Connecting your modem to a telephone line” on page 71.
TECHNICAL NOTE: If you are using the telephone line at
home, disable Call Waiting before you connect through the
modem. Call Waiting interrupts data transmission.
Connecting your computer to a network
You can connect your computer to a network to increase its
capabilities and functionality.
Accessing a network
To access:
A wired network at the office, connect an Ethernet cable to the
RJ45 jack on your computer. For specific information about
connecting to the network, consult your network
administrator.
A remote network, you need a dial-up connection. If you need
to use the office network while you are at home or traveling,
ask your network administrator for the telephone number of
the network.
A wireless network, you need an optional wireless
networking PC Card or an optional Wi-Fi or Bluetooth
module.
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Exchanging data with another computer
Setting up the connection
To set up an Ethernet connection, consult your network
administrator for network settings and additional considerations.
To set up a dial-up connection, use the Dial-Up Networking
Wizard:
1
Click Start and point to Programs.
2
Point to Accessories, then to Communications, and click
Dial-Up Networking.
3
Enter the phone number of your network connection and let
the program dial the number.
The computer connects to the network.
Setting up a wireless connection
For information on how to set up a wireless connection, refer to
your wireless networking device documentation or your network
administrator.
Accessing the wireless modules using your
computer’s system tray
When using your optional Wi-Fi Mini PCI module or Bluetooth
module, your computer may display a PC Card icon in the
desktop’s system tray to indicate that it is in use. Do not confuse
the system tray’s icon with other removable PC Card devices you
may have installed.
You can use the system tray’s PC Card icon to turn off your Wi-Fi
Mini PCI module or Bluetooth module. However, you will need to
restart your computer to turn it back on.
Your Wi-Fi Mini PCI module or Bluetooth module is integrated
into your computer system. It is recommended that you do not
remove the module from your computer. For assistance, contact a
Toshiba Wireless Authorized Service Partner.
Exploring Your Options
Exchanging data with another computer
133
Using Bluetooth
Bluetooth is a technology that expands wireless communication
beyond networking equipment, and can connect many different
kinds of electronic devices without the need for cables. Bluetooth
uses the 2.45 GHz frequency band for wireless communications.
Bluetooth can transmit at data rates up to 1 MBit/sec. The range
(through walls and floors) of the wireless transmission is up to 100
feet.
To use Bluetooth for your wireless communication, follow these
steps:
1
Move the wireless on/off switch to the on position.
The antenna is enabled.
2
Click Start, Programs, Bluetooth Toshiba Stack, and select
Bluetooth Manager.
Bluetooth Manager is launched.
3
By default, the Bluetooth module should already be powered
on. If it is not, right-click the blue antenna icon in the task bar.
From the menu select Auto power on.
4
Click Start, Programs, Bluetooth Toshiba Stack, and select
Quick Start Guide.
The Bluetooth service center appears, with instructions on
how to use Bluetooth.
Using SPANworksTM 2000
The SPANworks 2000 application offers enhanced
communication between networked computers. You can do such
things as transfer files between two computers, broadcast a slide
presentation simultaneously to several machines, set up electronic
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Exploring Your Options
Network device switch
business cards, and send text messages to a few people or to
everyone in your proximity.
NOTE: Before using SPANworks, you must establish a
network link between computers.
SPANworks 2000 supports communication over a wired LAN, a
wireless LAN or between devices equipped with Bluetooth.
To access SPANworks 2000:
1
Double-click the SPANworks icon on the desktop.
2
Follow the instructions on your screen to set up a connection
to the network.
Network device switch
Your Portégé 4000 Series computer has the ability to connect to
several types of networks, include a wired LAN, wireless LAN,
and Bluetooth. To manually switch between networks or to disable
all devices use the Network Device Switch. The network Device
Switch is located in the tasktray of your desktop.
To enable a device:
1
Click the Network Device Switch icon.
2
Select the network device you want to use.
To disable all devices:
1
Click the Network Device Switch icon.
2
Select Disable all devices.
3
To enable/disable your wireless network devices, see
“Wireless modes” on page 247 for information on how to
use the wireless hot key.
Exploring Your Options
An overview of using the Internet
135
Toshiba’s online resources
Toshiba maintains a number of online sites to which you can
connect. These sites can provide information about Toshiba
products, give help with technical questions, and keep you up to
date with future upgrades. For more information, see “Contacting
Toshiba” on page 221.
An overview of using the Internet
The following sections give a quick introduction to the Internet
and some of its exciting features, under these headings:
The Internet
The World Wide Web
Internet Service Providers
Connecting to the Internet
Surfing the Internet
Internet features
Uploading and downloading files from the Internet
The Internet
The Internet is an association of thousands of networks and
millions of computers around the world connected by
communications lines. They all work together to share
information.
The World Wide Web
The World Wide Web (or “Web”) is a subset of the Internet — a
collection of interlinked documents (located on computers
connected to the Internet) that work together using a specific
Internet protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
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Exploring Your Options
An overview of using the Internet
The World Wide Web offers information as text, images, audio, or
video to be referenced from anywhere in the world. Special
programs called Web browsers are specifically designed to work
with HTTP. They make it easier to connect to a particular network
address and send and receive information.
Internet Service Providers
To connect a computer directly to the Internet, many people and
businesses use an Internet Service Provider (ISP). An ISP is a
company that has the equipment and the telecommunication lines
necessary to maintain an Internet connection.
You can connect to the Internet by using a telephone and modem
or through other higher-speed communication methods such as
Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL), cable, and satellite links.
Connecting to the Internet
To connect to the Internet, you need:
A modem
A Web browser
A telephone line
An Internet Service Provider (ISP) account
Microsoft’s Web browser Internet Explorer is automatically
configured on your system so that when you first start it, it assists
you in setting up your computer to work with your existing ISP.
Once you have established an ISP account, you can connect to the
Internet.
1
Connect your computer’s modem to a telephone line.
For more information on connecting a modem, see
“Connecting the modem to a telephone line” on
page 131.
Exploring Your Options
An overview of using the Internet
2
137
Start your Web browser. Have your modem dial the ISP’s
telephone number, and establish a connection with the ISP’s
computer.
If you are using your computer at the office, then you probably
connect to the Internet through your company’s network. See your
network administrator about connecting to the Internet.
Surfing the Internet
Once connected to the Internet, the Web browser displays a home
page, for example, your ISP’s home page on the Internet or your
company’s Web site home page.
To visit a desired Web site, type in the Web address. The Web
address, or Uniform Resource Locator (URL), is a unique
identifier for that computer system linked to the Internet. Web
addresses can also appear within a Web page’s text, and are known
as links. Clicking a link automatically transfers your Web browser
to that site.
You can also use a Search Engine, a Web site specifically designed
to help you look for information.
Internet features
The Internet offers many types of communication tools to
help you perform many tasks.
Internet email
To send and receive email of your own, you need a mailbox
on the Web, or an email address.
If you have an account with an ISP, you can probably set up
an email address at the same time you sign up for the service.
Internet chat rooms
A chat room is a Web site that offers a place where people
with similar interests and ideas can communicate in real-time,
138
Exploring Your Options
An overview of using the Internet
one-on-one or in groups, by typing messages which are
instantly viewed by others on their computer screens.
Internet news groups
A newsgroup is similar to a chat room, but instead of using a
dedicated site to converse about a specialized subject with
others in real-time, it uses a Web site as a clearinghouse where
all the messages are placed, like a gigantic bulletin board.
Online shopping
Many Web sites offer products and services for sale.
Uploading and downloading files from the Internet
Transferring files from one computer to another is termed
uploading (transferring data from your computer to a site on the
Web), or downloading (transferring data from a site on the Web to
your computer).
There are several ways to upload or download data. It can be as
simple as attaching a file or document to an email, or you can use
the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) features of your Web browser to
transfer large amounts of data.
Chapter 7
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
TECHNICAL NOTE: For optimum DVD performance, always
play DVDs while your computer is connected to AC power.
If your computer has a DVD-ROM drive, you can use InterVideo
WinDVDTM to play DVDs. WinDVD is an easy-to-use, fullfeatured multimedia control center that helps you get the most out
of the exciting world of DVD technology. Your computer comes
with WinDVD preinstalled.
WARNING: Before playing a DVD, turn down the volume.
Playing the disc at maximum volume could damage your
ears. See “Using the control panel playback buttons” on
page 143 to locate the volume control buttons.
Insert a DVD into the DVD-ROM drive, following the instructions
in “Inserting compact discs” on page 87. The computer
automatically detects the disc in the drive and opens WinDVD. If
139
140
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
the autoplay feature is enabled, the DVD automatically begins to
play (see “Setting general properties” on page 149 for
information on enabling autoplay).
To open WinDVD manually:
1
Click Start, and point to Programs.
2
Point to InterVideo WinDVD, then click InterVideo
WinDVD.
Time slider
Current time slot indicator
Playback speed slider Current chapter indicator
Sample WinDVD video window with the control panel
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
141
Using the WinDVD toolbar
The WinDVD window contains a toolbar at the top and a status
bar at the bottom. If the toolbar or status bar does not appear, you
can display them by following the instructions in “Setting general
properties” on page 149.
The toolbar contains basic DVD playback controls. Pause the
pointer over a button to display its definition. The toolbar also
contains an adjustment button (see “Adjusting the color
balance” on page 160 for more information).
Using the WinDVD status bar
The time slider enables you to rapidly move forward or backward
in the DVD content. Move the time slider to the left to move
backward or move it to the right to move forward. The current
time slot is indicated on the right side of the status bar.
The playback speed slider enables you to control the speed at
which the DVD plays. Move the slider to the left to slow the
playback speed or move it to the right to play the DVD faster.
Placing the slider in the center plays the DVD at normal speed,
and enables the audio. The audio is automatically muted at any
other playback speed.
The current chapter indicator displays the DVD chapter that is
currently playing.
142
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
Using the WinDVD control panel
The WinDVD control panel resembles the control panel of a
standard home DVD player.
TECHNICAL NOTE: The DVD author determines what
features the DVD supports. Depending on the DVD format
and your computer’s hardware configuration, some of the
control panel features may be unavailable when playing a
DVD. Unsupported features appear gray, and you cannot
select them.
Audio volume controls
Web Playlist Repeat
Maximize Properties
Eject
Time slider
Counter
Exit
Expanded controls button
Directional buttons
Help button
WinDVD control panel
You can open a shortcut menu, by positioning the cursor over the
WinDVD window (other than over the control panel) then clicking
the secondary button. The shortcut menu contains the same
features as the control panel, plus the enable caption feature,
which displays captions for the hearing impaired.
You can also create a playlist, to customize the order in which the
DVD content plays (see “Creating playlists” on page 146).
Once a DVD is playing, the counter displays the current chapter
and elapsed time, in hours:minutes:seconds format.
From the WinDVD control panel, you can open an expanded
control panel by clicking the expanded controls button. The
expanded control panel contains several advanced features. See
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
143
“Using WinDVD Advanced Features” on page 154 for an
explanation of these features.
Using the control panel playback buttons
Once you have inserted a DVD and started WinDVD, you are
ready to play the disc. Using the control panel, you can play a
DVD from the beginning, or move to a desired location then begin
playing.
Audio volume controls Time slider
Repeat
Counter
Step
Stop
Eject Pause
Play
Fast reverse Previous Next Fast forward
Help
WinDVD control panel
Click this
To do this
Repeat — plays the current
chapter again, if the DVD contains chapters. Otherwise this
button plays the DVD again
from the beginning. When the
repeat button is activated, the
repeat symbol appears to the left
of the chapter number on the
control panel counter. The DVD
continues to repeat until you
click the repeat button again, and
the repeat symbol disappears
from the control panel.
Or use keyboard
shortcut
None
144
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
Click this
To do this
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Eject — open the DVD-ROM
E
drive tray.
Pause — temporarily stop play-
Spacebar
ing a DVD.
Play — start playing a DVD.
Spacebar
Step — move forward through
None
the DVD one frame at a time.
Each time you click this button
the DVD moves forward one
frame.
Stop — cease playing a DVD.
End
After stopping the DVD, click
the play button to resume playing the DVD.
Fast reverse — move quickly
R
backward through the DVD content. When you reach the desired
location, click the play button to
resume playing the DVD.
Previous — move to the begin-
PgUp
ning of the previous chapter and
resume playing the DVD.
Next — move to the next chapter and resume playing the DVD.
PgDn
WinDVD
Playing DVDs
Click this
145
To do this
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Fast forward — move quickly
F
forward through the DVD content. When you reach the desired
location, click the play button to
resume playing the DVD.
Time — move to a specific time
None
slot, then click the play button to
play the DVD from the selected
location.
Audio volume controls — click Shift ↑
the plus button to increase vol- (increases)
ume. Click the minus button to
Shift ↓
decrease volume.
(decreases)
Maximizing the video window
To close the WinDVD control panel and expand the video window
to fill the screen, click the Maximize button.
To display the control panel again, double-click anywhere in the
video window.
146
WinDVD
Using playlists
Using playlists
TECHNICAL NOTE: The DVD author determines what
features the DVD supports. Depending on the DVD format
and your computer’s hardware configuration, some of the
control panel features may be unavailable when playing a
DVD. Unsupported features appear gray, and you cannot
select them.
A playlist is a customized list of DVD files in the order in which
you want to view them. For example, you may want to create a
playlist for DVDs that contain music files, so you can play the
music selections you want in the order you want to hear them. You
can only save one playlist at a time.
Creating playlists
1
On the WinDVD control panel, click the playlist button.
The Playlist window appears.
Sample Playlist window
WinDVD
Using playlists
147
2
Click the File button in the lower-right corner of the window,
to indicate that you are creating a playlist of individual files.
3
In the Directory list, select the file you want to play first, and
click Add to put it at the top of the playlist.
DVD files have an .mpg, .vob or .ac3 file name extension.
After you select a file, the file name appears in the Selected
files list. You can also double-click a file name to add it to the
playlist.
4
Add as many files as you wish to the playlist. You must add
the files in the order in which you want to play them.
To delete a file from the playlist, select the file in the Selected
files list, then click Delete. To delete the entire list and start
over, click Delete All.
5
When you have finished creating your playlist, click Save
Playlist to save it.
You do not assign a name to the saved playlist, as you can
only save one playlist at a time. Once the playlist is saved, a
confirmation dialog box appears.
6
Click OK to close the confirmation dialog box, then click OK
to close the Playlist window.
Loading and playing Playlists
1
In the Playlist window, click File to display the saved playlist
of files.
2
Click Load Playlist to load the saved playlist.
Once the playlist is loaded, a confirmation dialog box appears.
3
Click OK to close the confirmation dialog box, then click OK
to close the Playlist window.
The DVD begins to play the loaded playlist.
148
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
Resuming normal playback after using playlists
To resume playing the DVD files in order after using a playlist,
click the eject button to open the DVD-ROM drive tray, then close
the DVD-ROM drive again. The DVD resumes normal playback.
Customizing WinDVD
You can control several general WinDVD characteristics, such as
whether the toolbar and status bar are visible, as well as numerous
audio and display features.
You control these general, audio and display features from the
Properties dialog box.
1
Launch WinDVD, if it is not already running.
2
On the WinDVD control panel, click the Properties button.
WinDVD displays the Properties dialog box, with the
General tab on top.
Properties dialog box with the General tab on top
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
149
Setting general properties
You use the General tab to select the region code, the drive letter
assigned to the DVD-ROM drive, the autoplay default option, and
which WinDVD toolbars are displayed by default.
Region coding is part of the protection system for DVD content. It
divides the world into six regions. The intent is to enable specific
content to be viewed in a specific region. The current region code
of the WinDVD player installed in your computer is Region 1,
comprising the United States and Canada.
NOTE: Most DVD-ROM drives let you change the region
code, usually between one and five times. Once a drive has
reached the limit, the region code cannot be changed again.
Pay careful attention to the Remaining times until
permanent box on the General properties tab.
1
To change the region code, select the desired option in the
Current regions list.
The Remaining times until permanent box displays the
remaining number of times you can change the region code
again before the setting becomes permanent.
2
In the Player settings Default DVD drive box, select the
letter assigned to you DVD-ROM drive.
3
Select the Player settings Auto play check box to enable the
auto play feature. Clear the check box to disable this feature.
When enabled, the auto play feature automatically launches a
DVD-ROM when it is inserted in the DVD-ROM drive.
4
In the View box, select the items you want displayed when
WinDVD launches.
Tool bar is the bar containing basic player functions that is
displayed at the top of the WinDVD video window.
150
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
Status bar is the bar that is displayed at the bottom of the
WinDVD video window.
Player is the WinDVD control panel.
5
Click OK to save your settings.
Setting audio properties
NOTE: The DVD author determines which features the DVD
supports. When playing a DVD, some of the control panel
features may be unavailable. Unsupported features appear
gray, and you cannot select them.
1
In the Properties dialog box, click the Audio tab.
The Audio tab moves to the front. The Current audio track
box displays the format and attributes for the current audio
track.
Properties dialog box with Audio tab on top
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
2
In the Audio channels box, select the appropriate speaker
mode to match your setup as follows:
3
151
If you have two speakers, select one of the 2 speaker
modes. Mono mixes the audio channels into one
channel. Stereo mixes the audio channels into two
channels. Dolby Surround Compatible mixes the audio
channels into two channels plus Dolby Pro Logic
Surround sound. 3D audio provides standard 3D audio
sound.
If you have four speakers, select 4 speaker mode.
WinDVD distributes four unique sound channels to the
speakers, providing a true surround sound experience.
If you have six speakers, select 6 speaker mode.
WinDVD automatically distributes 5.1 sound channels to
these speakers, for enhanced surround sound.
If you have an S/PDIF compliant sound card, select
Enable S/PDIF output. This option sends the stereo
output through the sound card to an external receiver.
In the Vocal options box, select the desired option for DVDs
that support vocal as follows:
No vocal does not output vocals to any speaker.
Left vocal outputs vocals to left speakers only.
Right vocal outputs vocals to right speakers only.
Both outputs vocals to both left and right speakers.
4
In the Dolby Pro Logic box, select the Always enable check
box to enable Dolby Pro Logic. Clear the check box to disable
it.
5
To test Dolby Pro Logic, click the Test button.
152
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
Setting display properties
1
In the Properties dialog box, click the Display tab.
The Display tab moves to the front.
Properties dialog box with Display tab selected
2
Select the Lock aspect ratio check box to maintain the
original aspect ratio when the video window is resized.
Otherwise clear the check box.
3
Select the Startup in full screen mode check box to
automatically start WinDVD each time with the video
window maximized and the control panel hidden. Otherwise,
clear the check box.
4
Select the OSD (On Screen Display) check box to enable
OSD. Otherwise, clear the check box.
5
Click OK to save the settings.
WinDVD
Customizing WinDVD
153
Customizing the control panel
You can customize the appearance of your WinDVD 2000
player’s control panel.
To configure the control panel’s appearance:
1
Position the pointer over the control panel, then click the
secondary button to display a shortcut menu of control panel
options.
Sample WinDVD 2000 control panel options
2
You can select a new control panel background color, or select
WinDVD to display the control panel in a different format.
154
WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Sample new WinDVD 2000 control panel appearance
You can also select About to display copyright and version
information.
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
TECHNICAL NOTE: The DVD author determines what
features the DVD supports. Depending on the DVD format
and your computer’s hardware configuration, some of the
control panel features may be unavailable when playing a
DVD. Unsupported features appear gray, and you cannot
select them.
The features described in this section are available on the
WinDVD expanded control panel. To open the expanded control
panel, click the expanded controls button on the WinDVD main
control panel. See “Playing DVDs” on page 139 for help
locating the expanded controls button.
WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Directional buttons
Playback speed slider
Brightness slider
155
Numeric keypad
Audio tracks
Camera angles
Bookmarks
Subtitles
WinDVD expanded control panel
Use this
To do this
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Playback speed—
control the speed at which
the DVD plays. Move the
slider to the left to slow
the playback speed or
move it to the right to play
the DVD faster. Placing
the slider in the center
plays the DVD at normal
speed, and enables the
audio. The audio is
automatically muted at
any other playback speed.
None
Brightness — move the
slider to the right to
increase video brightness.
Move it to the left to
decrease brightness.
+ (increases)
- (decreases)
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WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Use this
To do this
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Directional buttons —
use these to navigate the
WinDVD menus, as you
would the arrow keys on
the keyboard. The center
button represents Enter.
↑ (Up)
→ (Right)
↓ (Down)
← (Left)
Numeric keypad — use
these buttons to select a
chapter by entering the
chapter number. After you
have entered a chapter
number, click the enter
button on the lower-right
corner of the numeric
keypad (↵) to begin
playing that chapter. You
can clear an entry by
clicking the clear (X)
button on the lower-left
corner of the numeric
keypad.
0-9
Menu button — displays
all available menus for the
current DVD. Examples
of menus are: Root, Audio
Language, Subtitles. Use
your pointing device or
the control panel
directional buttons to
select a menu. Click
Resume to resume DVD
playback.
None
Enter
WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Use this
To do this
157
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Chapter button —
displays a list of all the
chapters in the current
DVD. Select the chapter
you want to play, or use
the numeric keypad to
enter the chapter number.
C
Title button — Displays
a list of all the titles on the
current DVD. Click the
title you want to play, then
click Enter.
T
Audio tracks — displays
a list of all the audio track
options. This feature is
most commonly used with
multi-language content to
change the spoken/heard
language. This button is
enabled only when the
DVD supports dynamic
audio track changes.
A
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WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Use this
To do this
Subtitles — displays a list
of all the available
language subtitles. This
button is enabled only for
DVD content that includes
subtitles and supports
dynamic subtitle
information changes.
Select the desired
language, or select
Default to display
subtitles in the DVD’s
default language.
Camera angles —
G
display a list of all the
available camera angles.
Due to differences in the
DVD mastering process,
some multi-angle views
may not function properly.
Or use keyboard
shortcut
S
WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Use this
To do this
159
Or use keyboard
shortcut
Bookmark — save an
None
unlimited number of
locations on the DVD for
quick reference. On the
bookmark shortcut menu,
click Add to open the
Add Bookmark dialog
box. Type a bookmark
name, then click OK. The
bookmark name appears
on the bookmark shortcut
menu. Click the bookmark
name to go to that location
on the DVD. Click Delete
All to delete all
bookmarks.
Zooming in
You can zoom in on an area of the WinDVD video window to get
a closer look.
1
Click the Zoom button, located in the upper-left corner of the
directional button panel.
2
Position the cursor over the top-left corner of the area you
want to view in close up.
3
Hold the primary button and drag the cursor to the bottomright corner of the area you want to view in close up.
A dotted rectangle appears around the area you wish to view.
4
Release the primary button.
WinDVD automatically fills the window with the selected
area.
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WinDVD
Using WinDVD Advanced Features
Panning
Once you are zoomed in on an area of the WinDVD video
window, you can move the zoom window location using the pan
feature.
1
With the video window in zoom mode, click the pan button,
located in the lower-right corner of the directional button
panel.
2
With the pointer over the center of the window, drag the
zoomed window up, down, left or right.
The close-up view changes to reflect the new zoom window
location.
Zooming out
To return the video to normal size, click the zoom button. The
video also returns to normal size when you reach the zoom limit.
Adjusting the color balance
You can adjust the DVD color balance. Click the adjustment
button on the main DVD video window toolbar to open the
Adjustment dialog box.
WinDVD Adjustment dialog box
The adjustment dialog box provides another set of sliders for
adjusting volume and brightness. It also provides two color control
sliders.
WinDVD
Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD
161
Move the Color control 1 slider to the right to increase the blue
and decrease the yellow color values. Move the slider to the left to
increase the yellow and decrease the blue color values.
Move the Color control 2 slider to the right to increase the red and
decrease the green color values. Move the slider to the left to
increase the green and decrease the red color values.
Launching an Internet browser from WinDVD
Some DVDs contain links to Web sites. To enable these links,
click the control panel Web button to launch your Internet browser.
Getting Help
Click the control panel Help button to open the WinDVD Help
system.
Exiting WinDVD
Click the control panel Exit button, or click the Close button, to
exit WinDVD.
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WinDVD
Exiting WinDVD
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Chapter 8
Toshiba Utilities
Your computer includes several utilities designed to help you to
reconfigure your system to best meet your individual needs.
®
Additionally, Toshiba has added a tab to the Microsoft
®
Windows 2000 Professional operating system power
management utility. Together, these allow you to ascertain certain
system details, set additional options or change default options.
The Toshiba utilities are:
®
Fn-esse
HW Setup
Hibernate tab in Microsoft Power Management
Power Saver
Toshiba Mobile Extension
Each of these utilities is described in this chapter.
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164
Toshiba Utilities
Fn-esse
Fn-esse
Toshiba’s Fn-esse program and operating system’s shortcuts
provide quick ways to open programs, documents, and folders
®
from within any Windows program without using the Start
menu. This section describes how to use the Fn-esse program to
quickly access your programs and files.
With Fn-esse, you can assign an Fn key combination to:
®
Open a Windows program.
®
Open a file in its associated Windows program.
®
Display a customized folder of Windows programs and/or
files from which to choose.
Fn-esse also has several keys that perform preassigned operations,
known as hot keys. For more information, see “Hot Keys” on
page 243.
You can assign any key that is not associated with a hot key or a
keyboard overlay.
Starting Fn-esse
To start Fn-esse, click Start, point to Programs, Toshiba
Utilities, and then click Fn-esse.
The Fn-esse keyboard appears.
Fn-esse window
Toshiba Utilities
Fn-esse
165
The keys are color-coded as follows:
Available keys are black.
Assigned keys are blue.
Unavailable keys are dark gray.
Keys associated with a pop-up list have a small dot on the
upper-left corner of the key.
Assigning a key to a program or document
There are three ways to assign a key to open a program or
document:
Drag-and-drop
The Fn-esse Browser dialog box
The Application Explorer pop-up list
The method most often used is drag-and-drop.
Using drag-and-drop
To assign a key to a program or document:
®
1
Open both Fn-esse and Windows Explorer.
2
Resize the Explorer window so you can see both the Fn-esse
keyboard and Explorer at the same time.
3
In the Explorer window, highlight the program or document
file you wish to assign to a key.
4
Click and hold the primary button as you drag the highlighted
item from Explorer to the key on the Fn-esse keyboard to
which you wish to assign it.
166
5
Toshiba Utilities
Fn-esse
Release the primary button.
Fn-esse displays the Add/Edit Command dialog box
completely filled in to reflect the selected program or
document.
6
Click OK to close the Add/Edit Command dialog box with
your key assignment in place.
The program or document is now associated with the key you
just selected. To open the program or document, press Fn plus
®
the appropriate key from within any Windows program.
Using the keyboard or pointing device
To assign a key to open a program or document:
1
Start Fn-esse.
2
Do one of the following:
Using the keyboard, press and hold the Fn key, then press
the desired assignment key.
Using the pointing device, with Fn-esse active, move the
pointing device over the desired key and press the
secondary button.
Toshiba Utilities
Fn-esse
167
The Assignment Type dialog box appears.
Fn-esse assignment type dialog box
HINT: If you are making a direct key assignment, complete
step 3. If you are making a pop-up assignment, complete
step 4.
3
To make a direct key assignment, select Direct.
The Add/Edit Command dialog box appears.
Enter the Description, Command Line, and Working
Directory for the new Fn-esse key assignment, or click
the Browse button to specify this information.
Click OK.
168
4
Toshiba Utilities
Fn-esse
To make a pop-up assignment, select Popup.
The Applications Explorer dialog box appears.
Select the desired folder. The left side of the Applications
Explorer window displays the folders in the Programs
menu. The right side lists the programs and documents in
the folder. These are the items that will appear in the
pop-up list.
To create a pop-up list with items from various folders, or
to pick only a few items from a folder, create a new folder
containing only the desired programs and documents. If
®
you are unsure how to do this, refer to your Windows
documentation.
Click OK to associate the folder with the key you just
selected.
To open a pop-up list showing the items in that folder,
press Fn plus the appropriate key from within any
®
Windows program.
Viewing existing key assignments
To view the existing key assignments, choose Assignments from
the Fn-esse keyboard. Fn-esse displays the Function Key
Assignments dialog box. This box lists all the key assignments
and the program or document to which each key is assigned.
To view items in a pop-up list, click the Expand popup lists
check box.
Toshiba Utilities
HW Setup
169
Changing or removing existing key assignments
1
In the Fn-esse keyboard, click the key you wish to change
with the secondary button.
Fn-esse displays the Assignment Type dialog box.
2
To change the key assignment, click Direct or Popup and
continue as if you were creating a new assignment.
3
To remove the key assignment, click Clear.
HW Setup
HW Setup is the Toshiba configuration management tool available
®
through the Windows operating system.
To access HW Setup in your operating system:
1
Go to Start, Settings, Control Panel.
2
Double-click the Toshiba HWSetup icon.
The Toshiba HWSetup dialog box appears.
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Toshiba Utilities
HW Setup
Sample Toshiba HWSetup
Toshiba HWSetup has the following tabs:
General—Shows the BIOS version, memory configuration,
and Hard Disk Drive (HDD) mode.
Password—Allows you to set the user password and an owner
string.
Device Config—Shows the Device configuration options.
Parallel/Printer—Allows you to configure the parallel port
default settings.
Pointing Devices—Allows you to use both the AccuPoint II
and external pointing devices together or have the system
auto-select one.
Display—Allows you to change various default settings for
the built-in LCD display.
CPU—Allows you to enable or disable the processor serial
number, and to set the “CPU Frequency Mode” to one of
Toshiba Utilities
Power Saver
171
“Dynamically Switchable,” “Always High,” or “Always
Low.”
Dynamically Switchable — This mode is the default setting
for your computer.
AC Power—If your computer is connected to the AC
adapter, the CPU mode is set to high for faster processing.
Battery Power—If your computer is running on battery
power, the CPU mode is set to low, for slower processing.
Switching the CPU to low allows you to conserve power
and extend the operating time of your battery.
Always High—This mode sets the CPU to high for both
battery and AC power.
Always Low—This mode sets the CPU to low for both
battery and AC power.
Boot Priority—Allows you to change the sequence in which
your computer searches the various drives for the operating
system.
Keyboard—Allows you to configure the Fn function key
emulation for an external keyboard. This function does not
work with a USB keyboard.
USB—Allows you to enable or disable USB Legacy
Emulation.
LAN—Allows you to enable or disable LAN features.
By changing any of the options that appear in the dialog boxes and
clicking Apply, you can reconfigure that function. Any options
that you change will become default settings when you restart
your system.
Power Saver
Toshiba Power Saver enhances your computer’s power
management capabilities. Power Save Modes is a series of settings
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Toshiba Utilities
Power Saver
for power management. You can change which mode your
computer uses, change settings for each mode, or create your own
mode.
To access Toshiba Power Saver:
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Power Saver
icon.
The Power Saver dialog box appears.
Sample Power Saver dialog box
By changing the options that appear in the Power Saver Properties
dialog box and clicking OK, you can reconfigure that function.
You may choose a power-saving management strategy to best suit
your computing needs. If you are running on batteries and the
programs that you are using do not require a lot of system
Toshiba Utilities
Power Saver
173
resources, you may experience longer work sessions by enabling
the Normal setting. Any options that you change become the
default settings when you exit the program. (You do not have to
restart your system before they become default settings.)
Power Save Modes tab
There are several modes from which to choose. You can use
different Power Save modes for battery operation and for AC
adapter operation.
Full Power mode—Does not perform power saving. This
mode is the default for AC adapter operation.
Normal mode—Saves power with a moderate sacrifice of
performance.
High Power mode—Saves power with a minimum sacrifice
of performance.
DVD Playback mode—Performance has a higher priority
than power savings.
Presentation mode—Optimizes settings for presentations.
Super Long Life mode—Saves maximum power. Power
saving has a higher priority than performance.
To change the Power Save settings:
1
Select the Power Save mode you desire (under Plugged in or
Running on batteries).
2
Click the Details... button.
The Power Save Mode Setup dialog appears. It has the
following tabs:
Processor Speed—Offers CPU power management
options
Monitor Brightness—Offers display power management
options
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Toshiba Utilities
Expansion device properties
3
Turn Off Monitor—Offers display power management
options
Turn Off Hard Disks—Offers hard disk drive power
management options
System Standby—Offers options to set the time the
computer can be idle before going into Standby mode
System Hibernate—Offers options to set the time the
computer can be idle before going into Hibernation mode
Select a tab, make any changes you require, and click OK.
Your power mode changes take effect.
Selecting the “Show Power Saver Properties icon on the taskbar”
check box displays the power-saving icon on the taskbar. This icon
shows the current power-saving mode.
Auto Power On tab
To configure your computer to automatically turn itself on at a
specific date and time, enter the date and time you wish the
computer to turn on.
Expansion device properties
To adjust the settings for docking or using the Slim SelectBay, use
the TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration.
To use the TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration:
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel, TOSHIBA Mobile Extension.
The TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration
dialog box appears.
2
Under the Mobile Extension Service tab, you can select
behaviors to enable or disable, like Warm Undock Service
Toshiba Utilities
Expansion device properties
175
and Parallel Port Check, by checking or unchecking the
appropriate box.
Sample Mobile Extension Service tab options
3
Under the Slim SelectBay Service tab, you can select
behaviors like Hot Dock and Warm Dock for your Slim
SelectBay.
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Toshiba Utilities
Expansion device properties
Sample Selectable Bay Service tab options
For more information about expansion devices, see “Using an
expansion device” on page 58.
Chapter 9
Keeping Your Files Safe
You may have files on your computer that you want to keep
private. Your computer comes with several options that can help
you keep your computer and files safe from unwanted intrusion.
This chapter describes the security options for your notebook
computer.
Using passwords in the Windows® operating
system
Setting a password lets you leave your computer, secure in the
knowledge that nobody can access your files. When you set a
password, you must enter the password before you can work on
your computer again.
Toshiba supports the following types of passwords on your
computer:
A power-on password—Prevents unauthorized users from
starting or restarting the computer.
An instant password—Secures your open programs and files
when you need to leave the computer temporarily.
177
178
Keeping Your Files Safe
User-level passwords
A hard disk drive password—Protects your data by
preventing access to the hard disk, even if it is removed and
installed in another computer. You can set a hard disk drive
user password and/or a hard disk drive master password.
User-level passwords
The user-level password is the basic level of password security.
You can use it as both a power-on password and an instant
password. For most users, this is all the password security you’ll
need.
CAUTION: Make sure you use a password you can
remember easily. If you ever forget your password, contact
your network administrator.
Setting a user-level password
To set (register) a user-level password:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, Control Panel, and click
Toshiba HWSetup.
2
Open the Password tab.
3
Click Registered.
A Password dialog box appears.
4
Type in the password and click OK.
5
Reenter the password and click OK.
6
Click OK at the bottom of the HWSetup window.
Your user password is now in effect. Use it when you start the
computer (power-on password), or when you use the hot key
Fn + F1 (instant password).
Keeping Your Files Safe
User-level passwords
179
Disabling the user-level password
To delete a user-level password:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, Control Panel, and click
Toshiba HWSetup.
2
Open the Password tab.
3
Click Not Registered.
A Password dialog box appears.
4
Type in the password and click OK.
5
Click OK at the bottom of the HWSetup window.
The user password is disabled.
Using the power-on (user-level) password
Whenever you start your computer with a power-on (user-level)
password in effect, the computer prompts you to enter the
password before it goes through its normal startup procedure.
When your computer prompts you to enter your password, type it
in and press Enter. If you enter the password correctly, the
computer continues with its normal startup procedure. If you enter
an incorrect password, the computer beeps. After three incorrect
attempts, the system turns off automatically.
Using the instant (user-level) password
An instant password secures your system with a single keystroke.
Use this feature when you need to leave your desk for a few
minutes and don’t want to turn off the computer.
To use an instant password, press Fn and F1 simultaneously.
Pressing this hot key freezes the keyboard and AccuPoint II and
blanks the screen. An instant password has no effect on an
optional serial mouse or trackball.
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Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
If you have not registered a user-level password, press Enter to
unlock your system.
If you have registered a user-level password, press Enter, type your
password and press Enter. If you enter the password correctly, the
computer returns to where it was when you pressed the hot key.
Hard disk drive passwords
Your computer comes with a program preinstalled that lets you set
two types of hard disk drive passwords, user and master. These
passwords protect your primary and secondary hard disks as
follows:
Setting a hard disk drive user password prevents an
unauthorized user from accessing your hard disk, even if it is
removed and installed on another computer. This password
does not encrypt data on the hard disk.
Setting a hard disk drive master password lets you bypass the
hard disk drive user password and access your hard disk, in
case you forget the hard disk drive user password. If you
choose to set a hard disk drive master password, you must set
it before you set a hard disk drive user password.
HINT: The hard disk drive shipped with your computer may
not support the master password feature. When you attempt
to set master password protection, your computer may alert
you that this feature is not supported by your drive. If this
happens and you want to establish a master password for
your hard disk, contact your network administrator for
instructions.
Setting a hard disk drive user password
1
If you want to create a password diskette, connect your
optional diskette drive.
Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
2
Click Start, then click Run.
3
In the Run box, type:
c:\toshiba\hddpwd32 and press Enter.
181
The Hard Disk Drive Password program, HDDPWD32,
displays a warning screen.
4
To set a hard disk drive user password, type 1 and press Enter.
To quit without setting a password, type 3 and press Enter.
HDDPWD32 displays another warning and asks you whether
you want to set a hard disk drive user password.
5
To set a hard disk drive user password, type Y.
To exit without setting a password, type N.
HDDPWD32 displays another warning and asks you whether
you want to set a hard disk drive user password.
6
To set a hard disk drive user password, type Y.
To exit without setting a password, type N.
If you choose Y, HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter your
password.
CAUTION: Make sure you choose a hard disk drive user
password you can easily remember. If you set a password
and later forget the password or lose your password diskette,
and have not set a master password, YOU WILL NEVER BE
ABLE TO ACCESS YOUR HARD DISK AGAIN.
Toshiba will not be held responsible for any loss of data, any
loss of use or access to your hard disk drive, or for any other
losses to you or any other person or organization that results
from the loss of access to your hard disk drive.
7
Type a password of up to 10 characters and press Enter.
HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter the password again.
182
8
Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
Type the password again and press Enter.
If the passwords match, HDDPWD32 prompts you to create a
password diskette.
9
To create a password diskette, type Y.
To continue without creating a password diskette, type N.
Creating a user password service diskette
To create a password service diskette, first perform the steps
for setting a user password, and type Y at step 9.
1
If you are creating a password diskette, insert a blank
formatted write-enabled diskette in the optional diskette drive
and press any key to continue.
HDDPWD32 saves the password on the diskette as a text file.
If you forget your password, you can open the text file on
another computer and find out what the password is.
HDDPWD32 displays a warning screen and asks if you want
to finish setting the hard disk drive user password.
2
To finish setting the hard disk drive user password, type Y.
To exit without setting a password, type N.
The hard disk drive user password will be registered the next
time you restart the computer. Each time you start the
computer from the hard disk, the system will prompt you to
enter your password. When prompted, type your hard disk
drive user password and press Enter.
Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
183
Deleting the hard disk drive user password
HINT: You must delete the hard disk drive user password
before you can delete the hard disk drive master password.
1
Connect your diskette drive.
2
Click Start, then click Run.
3
In the Run box, type:
c:\toshiba\hddpwd32 and press Enter.
The Hard Disk Drive Password program, HDDPWD32,
displays a warning screen.
4
To delete the hard disk drive user password, type 1 and
press Enter.
To quit without deleting the password, type 3 and press Enter.
HDDPWD32 displays another warning and asks you whether
you want to delete the hard disk drive user password.
5
To delete the hard disk drive user password, type Y.
To exit without deleting the password, type N.
If you choose Y, HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter your
password.
6
Type your password and press Enter.
If the password you typed matches the registered hard disk
drive user password, the password is deleted. Any password
service diskette made with the password is now no longer
valid.
7
Shut down and restart the computer for your changes to take
effect.
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Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
Setting a hard disk drive master password
CAUTION: If you choose to set a hard disk drive user
password, we strongly recommend that you set a hard disk
drive master password as well.
If you set a hard disk drive user password and later forget the
password or lose your password diskette, YOU WILL NEVER
BE ABLE TO ACCESS YOUR HARD DISK AGAIN, unless
you’ve set a hard disk drive master password.
1
Connect the optional diskette drive.
2
Click Start, then click Run.
3
In the Run box, type:
c:\toshiba\hddpwd32 and press Enter.
The Hard Disk Drive Password program HDDPWD32
displays a warning screen.
4
To set a hard disk drive master password, type 2 and
press Enter.
To quit without setting a password, type 3 and press Enter.
HDDPWD32 displays another warning and asks you to
confirm that you want to set a hard disk drive master
password.
5
To set a hard disk drive master password, type Y.
To exit without setting a password, type N.
If you choose Y, HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter your
password.
Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
6
185
Type a password of up to 10 characters and press Enter.
CAUTION: Make sure you choose a hard disk drive master
password you can remember easily. If you set a hard disk
drive user password and later forget the password or lose
your password diskette, you will need to enter the hard disk
drive master password in order to access your hard disk.
HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter the password again.
7
Type the password again and press Enter.
If the passwords match, HDDPWD32 prompts you to create a
password diskette.
8
To create a password diskette, type Y.
To continue without creating a password diskette, type N.
9
If you are creating a password diskette, when prompted insert
a blank formatted write-enabled diskette in the optional
diskette drive and press any key to continue.
HDDPWD32 saves the password on the diskette as a text file.
If you forget your password, you can open the text file on
another computer and find out what the password is.
HDDPWD32 displays a warning screen and asks if you want
to finish setting the hard disk drive master password.
10 To finish setting the hard disk drive master password, type Y.
To exit without setting a password, type N.
The hard disk drive master password will be registered the
next time you restart your computer. When you need to use
the hard disk drive master password, type the password when
prompted and press the tab key.
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Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
Deleting a hard disk drive master password
HINT: You must delete the hard disk drive user password
before you can delete the hard disk drive master password.
1
Connect your optional diskette drive.
2
Click Start, then click Run.
3
In the Run box, type:
c:\toshiba\hddpwd32 and press Enter.
HDDPWD32 displays a warning screen.
4
To delete the hard disk drive master password, type 2 and
press Enter.
To quit without deleting the password, type 3 and press Enter.
HINT: If a hard disk drive user password is set, HDDPWD32
displays a warning and does not delete your hard disk drive
master password.
If there is no hard disk drive user password set, HDDPWD32
displays a warning and asks you whether you want to delete
the hard disk drive master password.
5
To delete the hard disk drive master password, type Y.
To exit without deleting the password, type N.
If you choose Y, HDDPWD32 prompts you to enter your
password.
6
Type your password and press Enter.
If the password you typed matches the registered hard disk
drive master password, the password is deleted.
Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
7
187
Shut down and restart the computer for your changes to take
effect.
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Keeping Your Files Safe
Hard disk drive passwords
— Blank Page —-
Chapter 10
If Something Goes
Wrong
Some problems you may encounter when using your notebook
computer are relatively easy to identify and solve. Others may
require help from your dealer or the manufacturer of a software
program.
®
If you are having problems and your computer uses the Windows
98 Second Edition operating system, see “Windows ® 98
Second Edition Troubleshooting” on page 230.
If you don’t find the solution to your problem in that section, refer
back to this chapter.
This chapter aims to help you solve many problems yourself
without needing additional help. It covers the problems you are
most likely to encounter. For further assistance and solutions, use
Toshiba’s support tool, VirtualTechTM, to help diagnose and solve
possible problems.
If all else fails, contact Toshiba. You will find information on
Toshiba’s support services at the end of this chapter.
189
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If Something Goes Wrong
Problems that are easy to fix
Problems that are easy to fix
The more you work with your computer, the more likely you are
to encounter one or more of the following problems. Usually, you
can solve them relatively easily.
If your computer or one of the devices connected to it isn’t
working properly, try this procedure first:
1
Turn off the computer and any peripheral devices connected
to it. This includes a local printer and any other external
devices.
2
Check that the electrical outlet is working by plugging in
another appliance such as a lamp.
3
Check that the power cables are firmly plugged in.
4
Check that all cables connecting peripheral devices to the
computer are correctly and firmly attached. Loose cables can
cause signal errors.
5
Turn on the peripheral devices.
6
Turn on the computer.
7
If you are running the computer on battery power, check that
the battery charge isn’t low.
If the equipment still isn’t working properly, refer to the devicespecific sections of this chapter.
Problems when you turn on the computer
These problems may occur when you turn on the power.
The computer won’t start.
If you did not follow the steps in the previous section, make sure
you attached the power cable properly or installed a charged
battery.
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191
Press and hold the power button for a few seconds.
The computer starts, but then shuts down and the on/off
light glows amber and blinks.
The computer has become too hot, so it has automatically shut
down. Leave the computer turned off until its interior has reached
room temperature (88 degrees Fahrenheit/30 degrees Celsius or
less).
If the computer will not start after it has been turned off for a
while, remove the battery and reinsert it. For instructions on
removing the battery, see “Changing batteries” on page 101.
The computer starts but, when you press a key on the
keyboard or touch the AccuPoint II, nothing happens.
Clearing the condition may get you running, but it won't solve a
resource conflict. Read the documentation that came with the
conflicting device and “Resolving a hardware conflict” on
page 193.
The message “Boot system has changed” appears.
Wait for the setting change to be completed. This may take several
minutes.
The message “Bad XXXX XXXX” appears after the
Toshiba logo is displayed.
Press F1 to enter the setup screen. Then press Home to make sure
the computer settings are at their default values.
The message “Warning: XXXX” appears after the Toshiba
logo is displayed.
Press Enter several times.
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The message “Password=” appears after the Toshiba logo is
displayed.
This message is displayed when the password has been set. If this
message appears, enter the password and then press Enter. Three
consecutive mistakes in entering the password turns off the
computer.
You press the power button and hear the system start, but
you receive a hard disk drive (HDD) error message.
There may be a problem starting the operating system from your
hard disk. Follow these steps:
CAUTION: Before using the Toshiba Companion Diskette,
make sure that your computer has the same operating
system as that which is stored on the Toshiba Companion
Diskette or additional problems may result.
1
Insert the Toshiba Companion Diskette into the optional USB
diskette drive.
2
Restart your computer and press F when the system starts.
This command instructs the computer to start from the
optional USB diskette drive.
The message “Welcome to Toshiba Companion Diskette” appears
on your screen.
3
Press Enter.
The Toshiba Companion Diskette Main Menu displays a list
of options.
4
Choose Exit to DOS, and press Enter.
®
The MS-DOS operating system prompt A:> appears.
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5
193
Type sys c:, then press Enter.
The computer processes the command and displays the
message “system transferred” when complete.
6
Remove the diskette from the optional USB diskette drive.
7
Restart your computer.
Your system should start the operating system from the hard
drive.
The computer is not accessing the hard disk or the optional
USB diskette drive.
If the Boot Priority option in Hardware Setup is set to
HDD→FDD and you have a hard disk problem, you won’t be able
to start the computer. Insert a system diskette into the optional
USB diskette drive and press while you turn on the power.
The computer displays the Non-system disk or disk error
message.
Make sure there is no diskette in the optional USB diskette drive.
If there is one, remove it and press any key to continue. If pressing
any key does not work, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously.
If the problem persists, try restarting the computer with the
Toshiba Companion Diskette or another reliable system diskette in
the optional USB diskette drive.
Resolving a hardware conflict
Using the Windows® operating system
troubleshooting feature
If you receive an error message telling you there is a device driver
®
conflict or a general hardware problem, try using Windows Help
to troubleshoot the problem first.
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®
1
From the Windows Help menu, click the Contents tab and
select Troubleshooting.
2
Click If you have a hardware conflict and follow the steps.
If there is still a problem, the operating system should display a
message that explains what the conflict is. For further assistance,
contact your system administrator.
A plan of action
The smooth operation of the system depends on the interaction of
all devices, programs and features.
The recommended procedure for getting multiple devices to work
together is to add and configure one device at a time. After you
add each device, test it to make sure it and all previously connected
devices work.
The device most recently connected to the system is the one most
likely to be causing a hardware conflict.
Resolving hardware conflicts on your own
Computer components need resources to accomplish a task. A
device, such as a CD-ROM drive or a modem, needs a channel to
the computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). It also needs a
direct channel to the computer’s memory to store information as it
works. These channels of communication are commonly referred
to as system resources.
Interrupt Request channel
The channel to the CPU is called an Interrupt Request (IRQ)
because it interrupts what the processor is doing and requests
some of the processor’s time. If two or more devices use the same
IRQ, the processor doesn’t know which device is asking for
attention. This causes a hardware conflict.
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195
Direct Memory Access
Similarly, the data required by the device is stored in a specific
place or address in memory called the Direct Memory Access
(DMA). The DMA provides a dedicated channel for adapter cards
to bypass the microprocessor and access memory directly. If two
or more devices use the same DMA, the data required by one
device overwrites the data required by the other, causing a
hardware conflict.
Plug and Play
®
With Plug and Play and the Windows operating system, avoiding
hardware conflicts is easy. Plug and Play is a computer standard
that helps the system BIOS (basic input/output system) and the
operating system to automatically assign system resources to Plug
and Play-compliant devices. In theory, if every device connected
to the computer is Plug and Play-compliant, no two devices will
compete for the same system resources. You simply plug in the
device and turn on your computer. Your operating system
automatically configures your system to accommodate the new
device.
However, if you install an older (legacy) device that the operating
system cannot detect, it may have difficulty assigning system
resources to it. As a result, a hardware conflict can occur. To find
out what resources are assigned to the legacy device, refer to the
section “Checking device properties.”
Checking device properties
Device Manager provides a way to view the properties of a device.
Properties include the name of the manufacturer, the type of
device, the drivers installed, and the system resources assigned to
the device.
To check a device’s properties:
1
Click Start, then point to Settings, and click Control Panel.
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Double-click the System icon.
The operating system displays the System Properties dialog
box.
3
Click the Device Manager tab.
4
Double-click the device type.
5
To view the properties, double-click the device.
The operating system displays the Device Properties dialog
box, which provides various tabs to choose from. Some of the
common ones are:
The General tab, which provides basic information about
the device.
The Resources tab, which lists the resources assigned to
the device. If you have a device conflict, it is shown in the
Conflicting device list.
The Drivers tab, which displays the drivers being used by
the device.
For further information about Device Manager, refer to the
®
Windows operating system online help.
Memory card problems
Incorrectly connected or faulty memory cards may cause errors
that seem to be device-related. So it’s worthwhile checking for
these first:
1
Click Start, then click Shut Down.
The Shut Down Windows dialog box appears.
2
Select Shut down the computer, then click OK.
The operating system shuts down and turns off the computer
automatically.
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197
3
Remove the memory card following the instructions in
“Removing a memory module” on page 65.
4
Reinstall the memory card following the instructions in
“Installing a memory module” on page 60, and make sure
it’s seated properly.
5
Replace the memory expansion slot cover.
6
Check for the error again.
7
If the error recurs, remove the memory card entirely and
check for the error again.
If removing the memory card eliminates the error, the
memory card may be faulty. If the error recurs without the
memory card installed, the error is not caused by the memory
card.
Power and the batteries
Your computer receives its power through the AC adapter and
power cable or from the system batteries (main battery, real-time
clock (RTC) battery and backup battery). Power problems are
interrelated. For example, a faulty power cable will neither power
the computer nor recharge the batteries.
Here are some typical problems and how to solve them:
The AC power light doesn’t come on when you plug in the
AC adapter.
Make sure the AC adapter is firmly connected to both the power
cable and the computer, and that the power cable is plugged into
the electrical outlet.
If the AC power light still doesn’t come on, check that the
electrical outlet is working properly by plugging in a lamp or other
appliance.
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The power cable and AC adapter work correctly, but the
battery won’t charge.
The main battery may not be making a good electrical connection.
Turn off the computer, remove the battery and confirm that its
contacts are clean. If they are dirty, clean the contacts with a soft,
dry cloth and replace the battery.
The battery may be too hot or too cold to charge properly. Its
temperature needs to be in the range 41 degrees to 95 degrees
Fahrenheit (5 degrees to 35 degrees Celsius.) If you think this is
the probable cause, let the battery reach room temperature and try
again.
If the battery has completely discharged, it will not begin charging
immediately. Leave the AC adapter connected, wait 20 minutes
and see whether the battery is charging.
If the battery icon is glowing after 20 minutes, let the computer
continue charging the battery for at least another 20 minutes
before you turn on the computer.
If the battery icon doesn’t glow after 20 minutes, the battery may
have reached the end of its useful life. Try replacing it.
The battery appears not to power the computer for as long
as it usually does.
If you frequently recharge a partially charged battery, it may not
charge fully. Let the battery discharge completely, then try
charging it again.
Check the power-saving features in Power Saver. Have you added
a device, such as a PC Card or memory module, that takes its
power from the battery? Is your software using the hard disk
more? Is the display power set to turn off automatically? Is the
battery fully charged to begin with? All these conditions affect
how long the charge lasts.
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199
For more information on maximizing battery power, refer to
“Taking care of your battery” on page 103 and “Conserving
power” on page 105.
Keyboard problems
If, when you type, strange things happen or nothing happens, the
problem may be related to the keyboard itself.
The keyboard produces unexpected characters.
A keypad overlay may be on. If the numlock light or cursor
control mode light is on, press Fn and F10 simultaneously to turn
off the cursor control mode light or Fn and F11 simultaneously to
turn off the numlock light.
If the problem occurs when both the keypad overlays are off, make
sure the software you are using is not remapping the keyboard.
Refer to the software documentation and check that the program
does not assign different meanings to any of the keys.
You’ve connected an external keyboard and the operating
system displays one or more keyboard error messages.
The keyboard you connected may be defective or incompatible
with the computer. Try using a different make of keyboard.
Nothing happens when you press the keys on the external
keyboard.
You may have plugged the external PS/2 keyboard in while the
computer was turned on. Click Start, Shut Down, and Restart
the computer using the AccuPoint II on the internal keyboard.
The computer will restart and recognize the device.
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AccuPoint II problems
Some of the keyboard problems already listed may affect the
AccuPoint II. In addition:
Your finger slides off the AccuPoint II easily.
If the AccuPoint II cap is oily, remove the cap and clean it with a
cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.
To remove the cap:
1
Firmly grasp the cap and pull it straight up.
Removing the AccuPoint II cap
2
After cleaning the cap, position it on the peg and press it into
place.
NOTE: The peg is square, so be careful to align the cap’s
hole with the peg.
Display problems
The screen is blank.
Display Auto Off may have taken effect. Press any key to
reactivate the screen.
You may have activated the instant password feature by pressing
Fn and F1 simultaneously. If you have registered a user-level
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201
password, press the Enter key, type the password, and press Enter to
return to work.
If you are using the built-in screen, try changing the display
priority to make sure it is not set for an external monitor. To do
this, press Fn and F5 simultaneously.
If you are using an external monitor:
Check that the monitor is turned on.
Check that the monitor’s power cable is firmly plugged into a
working electrical outlet.
Check that the cable connecting the external monitor to the
computer is firmly attached.
Try adjusting the contrast and brightness controls on the
external monitor.
Press Fn and F5 simultaneously to make sure that the display
priority is not set for the built-in LCD screen.
The built-in screen flickers.
Some flickering is a normal result of the way the screen produces
colors. To reduce the amount of flickering, try using fewer colors.
The operating system displays a message that there is a
problem with your display settings and that the adapter type
is incorrect or the current settings don’t work with your
hardware.
Reduce the size of the color palette to one that is supported by the
computer’s internal display.
The display is set to a simultaneous display mode (LCD/CRT
or LCD/TV) and the external display device doesn’t work.
Make sure the resolution of the external display device and the
internal display match. For example, if the external device is only
capable of displaying resolutions up to 800 x 600, you’ll need to
change the resolution of the internal display to 800 x 600.
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You are using an external display device and part of the
desktop isn’t visible.
If the desktop area is set to a resolution greater than 640 x 480, the
external device goes into “virtual” display mode. This means that
part of the desktop will not display on the screen. You can view the
“lost” area by scrolling to it.
Even if your desktop area is set to 640 x 480, some of the desktop
will be outside of the viewing area. This is because most
televisions and video projectors overscan by 15 to 20 percent. You
can view the edge of the desktop by scrolling to it.
Disk drive problems
Problems with the hard disk or with the optional USB diskette
drive usually show up as an inability to access the disk or as sector
errors. Sometimes a disk problem may cause one or more files to
appear to have garbage in them. Typical disk problems are:
You are having trouble accessing a disk, or some of the data
appears to be missing.
Make sure you’re identifying the drive by its correct name (A for
the diskette drive or C for the primary hard disk).
®
In the Windows operating system, run ScanDisk, which analyzes
the directories, files and File Allocation Table (FAT) on the disk
and repairs any damage it finds.
To run ScanDisk:
1
Click Start, then point to Programs.
2
Point to Accessories, then point to System Tools.
3
Click ScanDisk.
The operating system opens the ScanDisk window.
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203
Your hard disk seems very slow.
If you have been using your computer for some time, your files
may have become fragmented. Run Disk Defragmenter in the
®
Windows operating system:
1
Click Start, then point to Programs.
2
Point to Accessories, then point to System Tools.
3
Click Disk Defragmenter.
Your data files are damaged or corrupted.
Refer to your software documentation for file recovery
procedures. Many software packages automatically create backup
files.
You may also be able to recover lost data by using utility software,
which is available from your network administrator.
Some programs run correctly but others do not.
This is probably a configuration problem. When a program
doesn’t run properly, refer to its documentation and check that the
hardware configuration meets its needs.
A diskette won’t go into the optional USB diskette drive.
You may already have a diskette in the drive. Make sure the drive
is empty.
You may be inserting the diskette incorrectly. Hold the diskette by
its label with the hub side facing down, and insert it so that the
metal head window cover goes into the drive first.
The metal cover or loose labels may be obstructing the path into
the drive. Carefully inspect the diskette. If the metal cover is loose,
replace the diskette. If the label is loose, replace the label and try
inserting the diskette again.
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The computer displays the Non-system disk or disk error
message.
If you’re starting the computer from the hard disk, make sure
there’s no diskette in the optional USB diskette drive, if it is
connected.
If you’re starting the computer from a diskette, the diskette in the
drive doesn’t have the files necessary to start the computer.
Replace it with a bootable diskette.
The drive can’t read a diskette.
Try another diskette. If you can access the second diskette, the first
diskette (not the diskette drive) is probably causing the problem.
Run ScanDisk on the faulty diskette.
Unplug the optional diskette drive cable and plug it back in to the
USB port to make sure the connection between the optional
diskette drive cable and the USB port is secure.
Modem problems
The modem dials the line but doesn’t connect, or cannot
maintain the connection.
You may be connected to a noisy telephone line. To check this,
connect an ordinary telephone to the telephone line and try placing
a phone call. If you hear an unusual amount of noise or static, try
connecting the modem to a different telephone line or connecting
at a later time.
There may be an incorrect setting in the communications software.
Refer to the communications software documentation to
customize the modem settings.
The modem won’t receive or transmit properly.
Make sure the RJ11 cable (the one that goes from the modem to
the telephone line) is firmly connected to the modem’s RJ11 jack
and the telephone line socket.
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205
Check the serial port settings to make sure the hardware and
software are referring to the same COM port.
Check the communications parameters (baud rate, parity, data bits,
and stop bits) specified in the communications program.
The modem is on, configured properly, and still won’t
transmit or receive data.
Make sure the line has a dial tone. Connect a telephone handset to
the line to check this.
The other system may be busy or off line. Try making a test
transmission to someone else.
Problems with the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
You cannot access a disc in the drive.
Make sure the tray which holds the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM is
closed properly. Press gently until it clicks into place.
Open the tray and remove the disc. Make sure the tray is clean.
Any dirt or foreign object can interfere with the laser beam.
Examine the disc to see if it is dirty. If necessary, wipe it with a
clean cloth dipped in water or a neutral cleaner.
Replace the disc in the tray. Make sure that the disc is lying flat,
label side uppermost. Close the tray carefully, making sure it has
shut completely.
You press the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM eject button, but the
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM tray doesn’t slide out.
Make sure the computer is connected to a power source and turned
on. The CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive eject mechanism requires
power to operate.
If you need to remove a disc and cannot turn on the computer (for
example, if the battery is completely discharged), use a narrow
object, such as a straightened paper clip, to press the manual eject
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button. This button is in the small hole next to the CD-ROM or
DVD-ROM eject button on the face of the CD-ROM/DVD-ROM
tray.
Some discs run correctly but others do not.
Check the type of disc you are using. The DVD-ROM drive
supports the Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) formats DVD-ROM,
DVD-R (read-only), and DVD-RW (read-only) plus CD-ROM,
CD-R (read-only), and CD-RW (read-only). The CD-ROM drive
supports CD-ROM, CD-R (read-only), and CD-RW (read-only).
HINT: The DVD-ROM drive is initially set for Region 1 (North
America) DVDs. You can change this setting (refer to
“Setting general properties” on page 149), but only a very
limited number of times.
If the problem is with a data CD or DVD, refer to the software’s
documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets
the program’s needs.
The disc will not come out of the drive when you click the
eject button on the screen.
Press the button on the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive itself.
Sound system problems
You don’t hear any sound from the computer.
Adjust the volume control. There is a volume control dial on the
computer, a volume control feature in the Windows Control Panel
(“Sounds”), or it might be muted. There may also be a volume
control on your speakers or headphones or in your audio
application.
If you are using an external microphone or speakers, check that
they are securely connected to your computer.
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207
The computer emits a loud, high-pitched noise.
This is feedback between the microphone and the speakers. It
occurs in any sound system when input from a microphone is fed
to the speakers and the speaker volume is too loud. Adjust the
volume control.
If you have changed the settings for the Record Monitor feature in
the Recording Control Utility (default Off) or the Mute feature in
the Mixer Utility (default Enabled), these may cause feedback.
Revert to the default settings.
Optional devices
Optional devices can include a printer, PC Cards, an external
monitor, or any other device you connect to your computer to
expand its capabilities.
For an external monitor, see “Display problems” on page 200.
PC Card problems
Most PC Card problems occur during installation and setup of
new cards. If you’re having trouble getting one or more of these
devices to work together, several sections in this chapter may
apply.
Resource conflicts can cause problems when using PC Cards.
Refer to “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 193.
Card information structure (CIS)
When you insert a PC Card into a slot, the computer attempts to
determine the type of card and the resources it requires by reading
its CIS. Sometimes the CIS contains enough information for you
to use the card immediately. Other cards must be configured
before you can use them.
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Some card manufacturers use special software called enablers to
support their cards. Enablers result in nonstandard configurations
that can cause problems when installing another PC Card.
®
If the Windows operating system doesn’t have built-in drivers for
®
your PC Card and the card didn’t come with a Windows driver, it
may not work under the operating system. Contact the
manufacturer of the PC Card for information about operating the
®
card under your version of the Windows operating system..
PC Card checklist
Make sure the card is compatible with your operating system.
Make sure the card is inserted properly into the slot. Refer to
“Inserting and removing PC Cards” on page 68 for how to
insert PC Cards, and to the documentation that came with the
PC Card.
Make sure all cables are securely connected.
Make sure the PC Card Controller Mode option in Hardware
Setup is set to Auto-Selected. See “Power Saver” on
page 171.
Make sure the computer has only one version of Card and
Socket Services loaded.
Occasionally a defective PC Card slips through quality
control. If another PCMCIA-equipped computer is available,
try the card in that machine. If the card malfunctions again, it
may be defective.
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209
Resolving PC Card problems
Here are some common problems and their solutions:
The slots appear to be dead. PC Cards that used to work no
longer work.
®
To view the PC Card status with the Windows operating system:
1
Click the My Computer icon with the secondary button, then
click Properties.
The operating system displays the System Properties dialog
box.
2
Click the Device Manager tab.
3
Double-click PC Card (PCMCIA).
4
Double-click the device listed as your PC Card.
The operating system displays your PC Card’s Properties
dialog box. This dialog box contains information about your
PC Card configuration and status.
The system doesn’t seem to recognize my CardBus PC Card.
Make sure the PC Card Controller Mode is set to Auto-Selected
(the default setting) or 16-Bit/CardBus.
The computer stops working (hangs) when you insert a PC
Card.
The problem may be caused by an I/O (input/output) conflict
between the PCMCIA socket and another device in the system.
Make sure each device has its own I/O base address.
Since all PC Cards share the same socket, each card is not required
to have its own address.
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Hot swapping (removing one PC Card and inserting another
without turning the computer off) fails.
Follow this procedure before you remove a PC Card:
1
Click the PC Card icon on the taskbar.
2
Click Stop xxxx, where xxxx is the identifier for your PC
Card.
®
®
The Microsoft Windows operating system displays a
message saying you may safely remove the card.
3
Remove the card from the slot.
There is still a yellow exclamation point ( ) over the
PCMCIA controller icon in Device Manager.
You’ve installed the PC Card as described in “Using PC Cards”
on page 91, but the system still reports the controller with a
yellow exclamation point ( ).
The PCMCIA.INI file may not be installed on your computer.
Install it, referring to the Toshiba Configuration Builder CD
Instructions for the installation procedure.
A PC Card error occurs.
Reinsert the card to make sure it is properly connected.
If the card is attached to an external device, check that the
connection is secure.
Refer to the card’s documentation, which should contain a
troubleshooting section.
Printer problems
This section lists some of the most common printer problems.
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211
The printer doesn’t print.
Check that the printer is connected to a working electrical outlet
and is turned on.
Check that the printer has plenty of paper. Some printers won’t
start printing when there are just two or three sheets of paper left in
the tray.
Make sure the printer cable is firmly attached to both the computer
and the printer.
Make sure the Parallel Port Mode option in Hardware Setup is set
correctly for your printer. If your printer is ECP-compatible, this
option should be set to ECP. If your printer is not ECP-compatible,
this option should be set to Std. Bi-Direct.
If your printer is ECP- or IEEE 1284-compliant, make sure you
have an IEEE 1284 printer cable.
Run the printer’s self test to check for any problem with the printer
itself.
Make sure you installed the proper printer drivers.
You may have connected the printer while the computer was
turned on. Turn off the computer, and turn off the printer. Turn the
printer back on, make sure it’s ready (on line), then turn the
computer back on.
The printer doesn’t print what I see on the screen.
Many programs display information on the screen differently from
the way they print it. See if your program has a print preview
mode. This mode lets you see your work exactly as it will print.
Contact the software manufacturer for more information.
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Internet Problems
Internet Problems
My Internet connection is very slow.
Many factors contribute to the speed with which you can surf the
Internet. They include: modem speed, time of day (when everyone
else is surfing, your access can be slow), and popularity of the site.
If accessing a particular site is very slow, try later.
My browser can’t find the URL address I typed in.
Make sure you separated the domain names of the address with
the forward slash(/). Check the spelling of each name and the
syntax of the address carefully. A single incorrect letter, missed
period (“dot”) or other mistake makes it impossible for your
browser to locate the site.
My browser can’t find a site I bookmarked.
The World Wide Web is constantly changing. A site you
bookmarked yesterday may not be available today or its server
may be down to temporary repair. Try again later.
DVD operating problems
If you experience a problem playing DVDs, you may be able to fix
the problem yourself.
For general problems playing a DVD title, try the following steps:
1
Check that the disc is in a format that the drive supports DVDROM.
2
Ensure that the drive is properly installed in the SelectBay. It
must be inserted completely.
3
Ensure that the disc is properly inserted in the drive tray.
4
Ensure that the Display properties are not True Color (24-bit).
If it is set to 24-bit color, there will be a video format error. To
verify your display settings:
If Something Goes Wrong
DVD operating problems
5
213
Click Start, Settings, Control Panel, and double-click
Display.
Click on the Settings tab and check the Color Palette. It
should be set to High Color (16-bit).
If it is not set to High Color, change the settings to 16-bit
color and click OK.
Clean the disc and try again.
A dirty drive can also cause audio problems. If you have tried
several discs and all fail, consider sending your drive to an
authorized service provider to get it cleaned.
6
Verify that your computer recognizes your DVD-ROM drive.
To do this:
Double-click the My Computer icon on the desktop. The
DVD-ROM drive should appear in the list.
7
See “Checking device properties” on page 195 for
instructions on using Device Manager to view the DVDROM properties.
8
Check the Toshiba Web site for new information on DVDROM drives and their operation.
A blank screen appears while watching a DVD-ROM movie
or title.
Disable the Shut off Monitor feature in the Display Properties
using the following steps:
1
Click the secondary mouse button on a blank area of the
desktop.
2
Click Properties.
3
Click the Screen Saver tab.
4
Deselect Shut off Monitor.
214
If Something Goes Wrong
DVD operating problems
Jumping video lines appear around the DVD-ROM video
window.
To change the screen’s display resolution:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
The Control Panel window appears.
2
Double-click the Display icon.
The Display Properties dialog box appears.
3
Click the Settings tab.
4
Next to the words Desktop Area, move the slider to a lower
setting, such as 800 x 600 or 640 x 480.
5
Click OK.
DVD titles, games, or applications appear distorted.
Having Stretch enabled when your video resolution is set to
640 x 480 or 800 x 600 can cause distortion. To disable Stretch, go
into Hardware Setup and disable it. For more information, see
“HW Setup” on page 169.
The screen saver runs while you are watching a movie or
title.
If the screen saver is enabled, it runs on top of any movie or title
you are watching. To disable the screen saver:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
The Control Panel window appears.
2
Double-click the Display icon.
The Display Properties dialog box appears.
3
Click the Screen Saver tab.
In the Screen Saver list, the current screen saver is
highlighted.
If Something Goes Wrong
WinDVD problems
4
215
Click the down arrow at the right of the current screen saver
name.
A list of screen savers displays.
5
Click and hold the up arrow by the list or move the slide to the
top.
6
Click None.
7
Click OK.
WinDVD problems
WinDVD has been configured to provide optimum performance
and quality based upon your system’s available resources.
Changes made to the system or its configuration may impact the
playback performance of the WinDVD player.
General issues
WinDVD controls are disabled.
Controls may be grayed out by commands on the DVD. For
example, it is common for DVD movie titles to disable fastforward and rewind during the legal notices at the beginning of a
movie.
Playback performance is poor.
The use of DMA dramatically increases the DVD playback
performance of your system.
To make sure DMA is turned on and check its settings:
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
Double-click the System icon, then select the Device
Manager tab.
216
If Something Goes Wrong
WinDVD problems
3
Open the CDROM device folder, select your DVD-ROM
device driver, then click Properties.
4
Select the Settings tab, click the DMA check box, then click
OK.
The system must be restarted for this setting to take effect.
The “Root” or “Title” menu does not open.
Most DVD titles have one or both of the “Root” and “Title”
menus. If one menu button appears to do nothing, try the other
menu button.
WinDVD performance decreases after making a system
change.
DVD playback performance is dependent upon several system
resources. Some software changes may also impact playback
performance (for example, downloading new drivers from the
Web).
Before installing a new hardware or software component on your
system, check for any potential conflicts between its resource
requirements and your current system configuration. Also, if you
change your operating system, check with your PC manufacturer
to ensure that you have the appropriate drivers for both your
hardware (for example, the graphics card) and software (drivers
must support the operating system and DVD with WinDVD).
Slow playback performance.
DVD playback is a resource intensive application. Other
applications and/or changes to your system hardware, software or
configuration can impact playback performance. If playback is
slower than normal, try the following:
1
Close any other open applications to improve the performance
of the DVD playback.
2
Ensure DMA is turned on. For more information, see
“General issues” on page 215.
If Something Goes Wrong
WinDVD problems
3
217
Make sure that your display driver resolution, color depth, and
refresh rate are optimal for DVD playback. (Some systems do
not support video overlays if these parameters are not
optimal.) Try lowering these settings to improve performance.
Content issues
Movies exhibit poor performance of “Director's
Commentary” or other similar optional content versions.
Some movies may exhibit poor performance of these features. In
particular, the video portion of the movie may become jerky or
show pauses. The normal version of the movie will not show this
problem.
WinDVD will not function properly with “debug” software
installed.
The WinDVD application will not function properly if it detects
that debug software is present on the system. Remove the debug
software to restore functionality of WinDVD.
Minimum system requirements
WinDVD performs best when the following recommended
components are present in your system:
®
DirectX Foundation 6.0 or higher (Source: Microsoft)
®
DirectShow 6.0 (Source: Microsoft)
8x DVD-ROM Drive with DMA enabled installed in the
SelectBay
218
If Something Goes Wrong
Developing good computing habits
Developing good computing habits
This section suggests some good habits to develop so you are
prepared if things go wrong.
Save your work frequently.
You can never predict when your computer will lock, forcing you
to close a program and lose unsaved changes. Many software
programs build in an automatic backup, but you shouldn’t rely
solely on this feature. Save your work! It only takes a few
moments, and it could save you many hours of work to recreate
files.
On a regular basis, back up the information stored on your
hard disk.
Files held in your network partition will be backed up for you, but
you need to back up any important files that reside only on the
Portégé’s hard disk.
Here are a few ways you can do this:
Use the operating system to copy files to diskettes.
Connect a storage device to the system and use specialized
software to copy all your data from hard disk to a tape.
Connect the system to a LAN and copy files to some other
location on the network.
Some people use a combination of these methods, backing up all
files to tape weekly and copying critical files to diskette on a daily
basis.
If you’ve added software to your system, you should back up the
software as well as the data. If something goes wrong that requires
you to format your hard disk and start again, reloading all your
software and data from a backup will save time.
If Something Goes Wrong
Use VirtualTech
219
Read the manuals.
It’s very difficult to provide a fail-safe set of steps you can follow
every time you experience a problem with the computer. Your
ability to solve problems will improve as you learn about how the
computer and its software work together.
Get familiar with all the manuals provided with your computer, as
well as the manuals that come with the programs and devices you
purchase.
Look in your local computer store or bookstore for self-help books
you can use to supplement the information in the manuals.
Use VirtualTech
VirtualTech is a suite of innovative support resources and tools
installed on your computer. VirtualTech will make your
computing experience easier and more fulfilling by assisting you
when you have questions, run into problems, or need help with
your computer or programs.
To access VirtualTech, double-click the VirtualTech icon located
on your computer’s desktop.
Following is a summary of the kinds of resources and tools
VirtualTech has to offer:
A library of solutions to common computer problems. These
are arranged into easy-to-navigate topics like software,
hardware and the Internet.
A set of powerful support tools that can:
Retrieve hardware and software details whenever you
need system configuration information.
Provide a real time view of your machine’s condition and
running applications.VirtualTech can take up to 10
“snapshots” of your applications to ensure you can
220
If Something Goes Wrong
If you need further assistance
restore your configuration and replace or repair damaged
files.
Check and inform you of any updates whenever you go
online. To load an update, click yes.
Run a detailed system report that harvests and compiles
your system’s hardware and software information.
This report is also accessible to Toshiba’s InTouch Center
technicians to reference when you place a call or send a
question electronically.
Send a message electronically with your questions
directly to our InTouch Center. A representative will
address your situation and contact you.
If you need further assistance
If you have followed the recommendations in this chapter and are
still having problems, you may need additional technical
assistance. This section contains the steps to take to ask for help.
Before you call
Since some problems may be related to the operating system or
the program you are using, it is important to investigate other
sources of assistance first.
Try the following before contacting Toshiba:
®
Review the troubleshooting information in your Microsoft
®
Windows operating system documentation.
If the problem occurs while you are running a program,
consult the program’s documentation for troubleshooting
suggestions. Contact the software company’s technical
support group for their assistance.
Consult your network administrator.
If Something Goes Wrong
If you need further assistance
221
Consult your authorized Toshiba representative, who is your
best source for current information.
Contacting Toshiba
If you still need help and suspect that the problem is hardwarerelated, Toshiba offers online help.
Access Toshiba on the Internet using any Internet browser by
typing:
pcsupport.toshiba.com
Toshiba voice contact
Before calling Toshiba, make sure you have:
Your computer’s serial number
The computer and any optional devices related to the problem
Backup copies of your Windows operating system and all
other preloaded software on diskettes or CD
Name and version of the program involved in the problem
along with its installation diskettes or CD
Information about what you were doing when the problem
occurred
Exact error messages and when they occurred
For technical support, call the Toshiba InTouch Center:
Within the United States at (800) 457-7777
Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273
222
If Something Goes Wrong
Other Toshiba Internet Web sites
Other Toshiba Internet Web sites
toshiba.com
Worldwide Toshiba corporate site
computers.toshiba.com
Marketing and product information
in the USA
toshiba.ca
Canada
toshiba-Europe.com
Europe
toshiba.co.jp/index.htm
Japan
Toshiba’s worldwide offices
Argentina
Acron, S.A.
Solís 1525
(1134) Buenos Aires
Argentina
Australia
Toshiba (Australia) Pty. Limited
84-92 Talavera Road
North Ryde NSW 2113
Sydney
Australia
Austria
Toshiba Europe GmbH
Handelskai 388
1020 Wien, Austria
Belgium
Toshiba Information Systems Benelux
(Belgium) B.V.
Excelsiorlaan 40
B-1930 Zaventem
Belgium
Brazil
Semp Toshiba Informática
Silveria Rodrigues 52
05047-000 Sao Paulo
SP Brazil
Canada
Toshiba Canada Ltd.
191 McNabb Street
Markham, Ontario
L3R - 8H2
Canada
Central America & Caribbean
TechData Latin America
8501 NW 17th Street, #101
Miami, FL 33126
United States
Chile
CHS Promark Chile Ltda.
J. Joaquin Aguirre Luco 1339
Huechuraba
Santiago, Chile
If Something Goes Wrong
Toshiba’s worldwide offices
Colombia
CHS Promark Colombia Ltda.
Carrera 129, Nro. 2957
Parque Industrial de Occidente
Bodega 30 - Zona Fontibón
Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia
Czech Republic
CHG Toshiba, s.r.o.
Hnevkovskeho 65
61700 Brno
Denmark
Scribona Danmark A/S
Naverland 27
DK2600 Glostrup
Denmark
Finland
Scribona TPC OY
Sinimäentie 14
P.O. Box 83
02630 ESPOO
Finland
France
Toshiba Systèmes (France) S.A.
7, Rue Ampère
92804 Puteaux Cédex
France
Germany
Toshiba Europe GmbH
Leibnizstraße 2
D-93055 Regensburg
Germany
Greece
Ideal Electronics S.A.
109 Syngrou Avenue
176 71 Kalithea
Athens
Greece
Hungary
Technotrade Kft.
Szerencs utca 202
1147 Budapest
Hungary
Ireland
Same as United Kingdom
Italy
Progetto Elettronica 92 s.r.l.
Viale Certosa 138,
20156 Milano
Italy
Japan
Toshiba Corporation, PCO-IO
1-1, Shibaura 1-Chome
Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 105-8001
Japan
Luxembourg
Same as The Netherlands
Mexico
Toshiba de México S.A.
Sierra Candela No.111, 6to. Piso
Col. Lomas de Chapultepec.
CP 11000 Mexico, DF.
Morocco
C.B.I.
22 Rue de Béthune
Casablanca
Morocco
223
224
If Something Goes Wrong
Toshiba’s worldwide offices
The Netherlands
Toshiba Information Systems Benelux
B.V.
Rivium Boulevard 41
2909 LK, Capelle a/d IJssel
The Netherlands
Norway
Scribona Norge A/S
Toshiba PC Service
Stalfjaera 20
P.O. Box 51
Kalbakken
0901 OSLO 9
Norway
Papua New Guinea
Fujitsu (PNG) Pty. Ltd.
P.O. Box 4952 Boroko
NCD, Papua
New Guinea
Poland
TECHMEX S.A.
ul. Partyzantów 71,
43-316 Bielsko-Biala
01-059 Warszawa
Poland
Portugal
Quinta Grande Assisténcia Técnica
Informática, Lda.
Av. Moinhos no. 15A
Ur. Quinta Grande
2720 Alfragide
Portugal
Singapore
Toshiba Singapore Pte. Ltd.
438B Alexandra Rd. # 06-01
Alexandra Technopark
Singapore 119968
Slovakia
HTC a.s.
Dobrovicova 8
81109 Bratislava
Slovakia
Slovenia
Inea d.o.o.
Ljubljanska 80
61230 Domzale
Slovenia
Spain
Toshiba Information Systems (España)
S.A.
Parque Empresarial San Fernando
Edificio Europa, 1a Planta
Escalera A
28831 (Madrid) San Fernando de
Henares
Spain
Sweden
Scribona PC AB
Sundbybergsväegen 1
Box 1374
171 27 Solna
Sweden
If Something Goes Wrong
Toshiba’s worldwide offices
Switzerland
Ozalid AG
Herostrasse 7
8048 Zürich
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Toshiba Information Systems
(U.K) Ltd.
Toshiba Court
Weybridge Business Park
Addlestone Road
Weybridge KT15 2UL
United Kingdom
United States
Toshiba America Information
Systems, Inc.
9740 Irvine Boulevard
Irvine, California 92618
United States
Venezuela
InterPC de Venezuela
Esquina Calle 4 y Calle 8
Edificio Tepal - Piso 3
La Urbina
Caracas 1073 - Venezuela
The Rest of Europe
Toshiba Europe (I.E.) GmbH
Hammfelddamm 8
D-4-1460 Neuss
Germany
225
226
If Something Goes Wrong
Toshiba’s worldwide offices
— Blank Page —-
Appendix A
Windows 98 Second
Edition Operating
System Information
®
The following information is specific to systems with the
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system installed, and
details only the functions and procedures which differ from the
®
Windows 2000 Professional operating system. For functions and
procedures not described in this appendix, the information is the
®
same for the Windows 2000 Professional operating system as it
®
is for the Windows 98 Second Edition operating system and is
detailed in the appropriate sections in the main chapters of this
guide.
NOTE: If you
upgrade your computer’s operating system to
®
Windows 2000 Professional, you will need to download
additional utilities and drivers—known as operating system
components—from Toshiba’s Web site at
pcsupport.toshiba.com.
Using Windows ® Explorer
If a program is not listed in the Programs menu, you can start it
®
from Windows Explorer, which gives you a view of your
227
228
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Setting up your printer using Windows®
computer disks’s contents as a hierarchy or “tree.” You can easily
see the content of each drive and folder on your computer.
®
To access Windows Explorer click Start, point to Programs,
and click Windows Explorer.
Setting up your printer using Windows ®
To set up a printer with the Windows® 98 Second Edition
operating system:
1
Click the Start button, then point to Settings, and click
Printers.
The Printers display panel opens.
2
Double-click Add Printer.
The Add Printer Wizard Starts.
3
Click Next.
The Add Printer Wizard ask you to select a printer.
4
Follow the directions on the screen.
Determining remaining battery power
NOTE: Wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the
computer before trying to monitor the remaining battery
power. The computer needs this time to check the battery’s
remaining capacity and perform its calculations.
1
Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double-click the Power
Management icon.
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Supervisor-level passwords
229
A dialog box appears advising you to use Power Saver to
adjust the computer’s Power Management Settings.
3
Click OK to close the dialog box.
The Power Management Properties dialog box appears.
4
Choose the Power meter tab to show how much battery
power is currently available.
The value displays as a percentage of the maximum battery
charge.
TECHNICAL NOTE: The computer drains battery power faster
at low temperatures. Check your remaining charge frequently
if you’re working in temperatures below 50 degrees
Fahrenheit.
The computer calculates the remaining battery charge based
on your current rate of power usage and other factors such
as the age of the battery.
Supervisor-level passwords
A supervisor-level password protects system settings by restricting
who can make changes in Toshiba Utilities. This is useful if more
than one person is using the computer.
Enabling and disabling a supervisor password using the
Windows ® 98 Second Edition operating system
A supervisor password prevents other users from changing
hardware configuration options.
To enable the password feature:
1
Click Start, then Run.
2
Click the Browse button.
3
Click the My Computer icon.
230
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
4
Click C.
5
Click the Program Files folder.
6
Click the Toshiba folder.
7
Click the Windows Utilities folder.
8
Click the SVPWTool folder.
9
Double-click the SVPW32 icon.
10 Click OK.
You may now register a supervisor password.
To disable the password feature, follow the same steps.
Windows ® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
This section explains how to solve problems in instances when the
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system differs from the
®
Windows 2000 Professional operating system.
If you don’t find the solution to a problem in this section, refer to
“If Something Goes Wrong” on page 189.
Problems that are easy to fix
Your program stops responding.
If you are working with a program that suddenly freezes all
operations, chances are the program has stopped responding. You
®
can exit the failed program without shutting down the Windows
98 Second Edition operating system or closing other programs.
To close a program that has stopped responding:
1
Press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously (once).
®
The Windows 98 Second Edition operating system displays
the Close Program dialog box. This box lists all the programs
and processes currently in operation. If a program has stopped
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
231
responding, the words “not responding” appear beside its
name on the list.
2
Select the program you want to close, the click End Task.
Closing the failed program should allow you to continue
working. If it does not, continue with step 3.
3
Close the remaining programs one by one by selecting the
program name, then End Task.
4
Click Shut Down.
The Shut Down Windows dialog box appears.
5
Select Restart, then click Yes.
®
Your computer shuts down and restarts the Windows 98 Second
Edition operating system.
CAUTION: Typing Ctrl, Alt and Del simultaneously twice to
restart your computer is not recommended. By closing
all
®
open programs prior to shutting down the Windows 98
Second Edition operating system you ensure that all data is
saved.
Your program performs an illegal operation.
If you receive the message, “Your program has performed an illegal
operation,” you should record the details of the message and consult
the software manufacturer.
To record the details:
1
Click the Details button and select the text displayed.
The Details button displays information that the software
manufacturer needs to help you solve your problem.
2
Press Ctrl and c simultaneously to copy the text to the
clipboard.
232
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
3
Open Notepad (click Start, point to Programs, then point to
Accessories and click Notepad).
4
Press Ctrl and v simultaneously to paste the details into
Notepad.
5
Add a paragraph break and type some notes describing what
you were doing when you received the message.
6
Save the file and refer to it when you contact the software
manufacturer.
You open a program that immediately stops responding.
If the CPU Sleep mode is on (enabled), it may stop a program
from responding. Close the program you are trying to open and
turn off (disable) Sleep mode. Then, try to run the program again.
To close the program:
1
Press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously.
The Close Program dialog box displays all the programs and
processes currently in operation. If the program has stopped
responding, the words “not responding” appear beside it.
2
Click End Task, the click Cancel.
To disable Sleep mode:
1
Turn off the computer.
2
Hold down the Esc key and turn on the computer.
This message displays: Check system. Then press [F1] key
3
Press F1.
The computer displays a setup screen.
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
4
233
Using the arrow keys, highlight Battery Save Mode, then
choose User Settings from the drop-down list.
HINT: This is the only way you can access the CPU Sleep
mode function.
5
Set CPU Sleep mode to Disabled.
6
Press End, then enter Y to save your changes and exit.
7
Restart your computer.
If the problem continues, contact the manufacturer of the program.
Problems when you turn on the computer
These problems may occur when you turn on the power.
The computer will not start.
Make sure you attached the AC adapter and power cable properly
or installed a charged main battery.
Press and hold down the power button for a few seconds.
The computer starts but, when you press a key on the
keyboard or touch the AccuPoint II, nothing happens.
To clear the condition, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously.
Clearing the condition may get you running, but it won’t solve a
resource conflict. Read the documentation that came with the
conflicting device.
The computer is not accessing the hard disk drive.
®
Your computer normally loads the Windows 98 Second Edition
operating system from the hard disk. If you have a hard disk
problem, you will not be able to start the computer. Insert a system
diskette into the diskette drive and press F10 while you turn on the
power.
234
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
The computer displays the WARNING RESUME FAILURE message.
The computer was placed in Standby and the main battery has
discharged. Data stored in the computer’s memory has been lost.
To charge the main battery, see “Charging the battery” on
page 43.
The computer displays the Non-System disk or disk error message.
Make sure there is no diskette in the optional USB diskette drive.
If there is one, remove it and press any key to continued. If
pressing any key does not work, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del to restart the
computer.
The Windows® 98 Second Edition operating system is not
working
Once you are familiar with the desktop and used to the way the
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system responds to your
work routine, you can easily detect if the operating system is not
working correctly. For example, the operating system:
Fails to start after the Starting Windows 98 message appears.
Takes a long time to start.
Responds differently from the normal routine.
Does not look right.
Unless a hardware device has failed, problems usually occur when
you change the system in some way such as installing a new
program or adding a device.
If you experience any of these problems, use the options in the
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system Startup menu to
fix the problem.
Using Startup options to fix problems
®
If the Windows 98 Second Edition operating system fails to start
properly, you may have to change your system’s configuration or
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
235
verify the startup procedure to fix the problem. To do this, use the
options in the Startup menu. This section describes each option
and when to use the procedure.
To open the Startup menu:
1
Restart your computer.
2
Press F8 when your computer starts.
The Startup menu displays these options:
Normal
Logged (\BOOTLOG.TXT)
Safe mode
Step-by-step confirmation
Command prompt only
Safe mode command prompt only
TECHNICAL NOTE: If your computer is connected to a
network, the Start up menu may display different versions of
Safe mode.
Normal
Selecting Normal starts the operating system under normal
conditions. Start the computer in Normal mode when there are no
apparent problems with the system.
Logged (Bootlog.txt)
Selecting Logged starts the operating system under normal
conditions and creates a hidden startup log file named
c:\Bootlog.txt. This file records every step of the system’s startup
process.
236
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
You or a qualified expert can use this log file to check the loading
and initializing of device drivers.
DEFINITION: A device driver is a file that contains
information to help the computer’s BIOS (Basic Input/Output
System) control the operation of devices connected to the
system.
Safe mode
Selecting Safe mode bypasses basic startup files and starts the
operating system, enabling only the mouse, keyboard, and
standard VGA display drivers.
Running Safe mode allows you to undo any changes you made to
®
the system configuration that may have caused the Windows 98
Second Edition operating system or a device to fail. For example,
if you choose a resolution that is not supported by the display, the
operating system will have a problem starting correctly. Safe mode
bypasses the setting and allows you to change the resolution to one
®
supported by the display. Once you have done this, the Windows
98 Second Edition operating system will start correctly.
®
TECHNICAL NOTE: The Windows 98 Second Edition
operating system automatically starts in Safe mode if it
detects that system startup®failed or the Registry (the file that
defines how the Windows 98 Second Edition operating
system is set up) is corrupted.
Step-by-step confirmation
When you turn on your computer, the Windows® 98 Second
Edition operating system processes the startup files. With Step-bystep confirmation, the system asks you to confirm each line of the
startup process once it appears.
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
237
Use this option to:
Startup when the startup process fails while loading files
Verify all drivers are being loaded
Temporarily disable one or more specific driver(s)
Check for errors in the startup files
®
The Windows 98 Second Edition operating system uses a file
called IO.SYS, which contains all the information needed to start
the computer. Although your computer does not need the
Config.Sys and Autoexec.Bat files to start, it does process these
files to support backward compatibility with some programs and
device drivers. The same holds true for the System.ini and Win.ini
files.
TECHNICAL NOTE: Programs and devices that are backward
compatible are designed to work with older operating
systems and ®
other programs. For example, many features of
the Windows 98 Second Edition operating system are ®
backward compatible with earlier versions of the Windows
operating system; this lets you use older programs.
Most of the information contained in these files is now stored in
the Registry; they are still processed during system start.
Bootlog.Txt file contains a record of all the components and
drivers loaded during startup and the status of each. When you
select Step-by-step confirmation, you can view all these files one
line at a time to help diagnose the cause of a problem.
Command prompt only
Selecting Command prompt only starts the basic operating system
with all the startup files and device drivers.
®
®
Use this option when you want to run MS-DOS or Windows 98
Second Edition operating system commands. This option is for
238
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
®
advanced users who are familiar with the MS-DOS operating
system and know what these commands do.
Safe mode command prompt only
Selecting Safe mode command prompt only bypasses the system
start-up files and displays the command prompt.
Use this option under these conditions:
®
The Windows 98 Second Edition operating system fails to
start even in Safe mode
®
You want to run MS-DOS operating system commands
such as Edit to make changes to your startup files
You want to avoid loading Himem.sys (extended memory
manager) or Ifshlp.sys (file system manager)
The Windows® 98 Second Edition operating system
can help you
®
If the Windows 98 Second Edition operating system has started
properly, but you still have a problem using your computer, the
online Help can assist you in troubleshooting the problem.
To access Help:
1
Click the Start button and click Help.
2
Click the Contents tab, then double-click Troubleshooting.
3
Double-click a problem you would like help with, and follow
the steps on the screen.
Working with troubleshooters
®
The Windows 98 Second Edition operating system includes a
wide range of helpful troubleshooters that can assist you with
many common computer problems. For instance, if you are
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
239
having difficulty setting up a new printer, the Print troubleshooting
can walk you through the setup process step by step.
®
Troubleshooters are available through Windows Help, and they
®
are constantly updated and supplemented on the Microsoft
Support Online Web site.
You can connect to Support Online by clicking the Web Help
®
button in Windows Help or by connecting to:
support.microsoft.com/support/
Resolving a hardware conflict
This section contains information where Windows® 98 Second
®
Edition differs from Windows 2000 operating system. If you do
not find a solution to your hardware problem in this section, refer
to “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 189.
If you receive an error message telling you there is a device driver
®
conflict or a general hardware problem, try using Windows 98
Second Edition Help to troubleshoot the problem first.
For help on hardware conflicts:
®
1
From the Windows Help menu, click the Contents tab, then
double-click Troubleshooting.
2
Click hardware conflict and follow the steps.
If there is still a problem, a message should display that explains
what the conflict is. If this happens, you may need to solve the
problem on your own.
A plan of action
The smooth operation of the system depends on the interaction of
all devices, programs, and features. If the system or one of its
attached devices isn’t working, resolving the problem can be timeconsuming and frustrating.
240
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
The recommended procedure for getting multiple devices to work
together is to add and set up one device at a time. After you add
each device, test it to make sure it and all connected devices work.
The device most recently connected to the system is the one most
likely to be causing a hardware conflict.
Resolving hardware conflicts on your own
Computer components need resources to accomplish a task. A
device, such as a CD-ROM drive or a modem, needs a channel to
the computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). It also needs a
direct channel to the computer’s memory to store information is it
works. These channels of communication are commonly known
as system resources. For more information on system resources,
refer to “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 189.
Disabling a device in the Windows® 98 Second
Edition operating system
1
Click the My Computer icon with the secondary button, then
click Properties.
The System Properties dialog box appears.
2
Click the Device Manager tab.
3
Select the device and click Properties.
A dialog box displays the device’s properties.
4
In the General section of the dialog box, check the box next to
Disable in this hardware profile.
5
Click OK.
Checking device properties
Device Manager provides a way to view the properties of a device.
Properties include the name of the manufacturer, the type of
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
241
device, the drivers installed, and the system resources assigned to
the device.
To check a device’s properties:
1
Click the My Computer icon with the secondary button, then
click Properties.
The System Properties dialog box appears.
2
Click the Device Manager tab.
3
To view the device(s) installed, double-click the device type.
4
To view the properties, double-click the device.
The Device Properties dialog box appears, which provides
various tabs from which to choose. Some common ones are:
The General tab, which provides basic information about the
device.
The Resources tab, which lists the resources assigned to the
device. If you have a device conflict, it is shown in the
Conflicting device list.
The Drivers tab, which displays the drivers being used by the
device.
For more information about Device Manager, refer to the
®
Windows 98 Second Edition operating system online help.
DVD-ROM drive problems
This section describes DVD-ROM drive problems where the
®
problem-solving steps differ from Windows 2000 Professional
operating system.
Playback performance is poor.
The use of DMA dramatically increases the DVD playback
performance of your system.
To make sure DMA is turned on and check its settings:
242
Windows® 98 Second Edition Operating System Information
Windows® 98 Second Edition Troubleshooting
1
Open the Start menu, point to Settings, then click Control
Panel.
2
Double-click the System icon, then select the Device
Manager tab.
3
Open the CDROM device folder, select your CD-ROM
device driver, then click Properties.
Slow playback performance.
DVD playback is a resource intensive application. Other
applications and/or changes to your system hardware, software or
configuration can impact playback performance. If playback is
slower than normal:
1
Close any other open applications to improve the performance
of the DVD playback.
2
Ensure DMA is turned on. For instructions, see“Playback
performance is poor.” on page 241.
3
If you have installed new hardware (such as a new graphics
card or audio card), ensure the component’s drivers support
®
®
Microsoft DirectX 5.2b or higher. Contact the
manufacturer of the component.
4
Check that your display driver resolution, color depth and
refresh rate are optimal for DVD playback. (Some systems do
not support video overlays if these parameters are not
optimal.) Try lowering these settings to improve performance.
Movies exhibit poor performance of “Director’s
Commentary” or other similar optional content versions.
Some movies may exhibit poor performance of these features. In
particular, the video portion of the movie may become jerky or
show pauses. The normal version of the movie will not show this
problem.
Appendix B
Hot Keys
Hot keys are keys that, when pressed in combination with the Fn
key, turn system functions on and off. Hot keys have a legend on
or above the key indicating the option or feature the key controls.
Volume Mute
Fn +
This hot key enables/disables volume mute on your
computer.
When volume mute is enabled, no sound will come from
the speakers or headphones.
Instant password security
Fn +
This hot key blanks the display.
243
244
Hot Keys
Instant password security
Without a password
The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates
instant security. Using the mouse or any key will make the display
reappear.
With a password
The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates
instant security. Using the mouse or any key will make the screen
saver password dialog box appear, and you can then type in the
screen saver password.
®
For the Windows 2000 Professional operating system, you type
®
the password into the Windows security screen dialog box.
®
To activate the password feature in the Windows 2000
Professional operating system:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
2
Double-click Display.
3
Select the Screen Saver tab.
4
Click the Password protected check box.
5
Click OK.
®
To activate the password feature in the Windows 98 Second
Edition operating system:
1
Click Start, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
2
Double-click Display.
3
Select the Screen Saver tab.
4
Click the Password protected check box.
5
Click the Change button.
Hot Keys
Power usage mode
6
Type the desired password.
7
Retype the password to confirm it and click OK.
8
Click OK
245
Power usage mode
Fn +
This hot key displays the power usage pop-up window and
cycles through the battery save modes.
®
The power usage modes in the Windows operating system
under battery power are:
Long Life, Normal, and High Power; DVD Playback,
Presentation and Super Long Life
®
The power usage mode in the Windows operating system
under AC power is Full Power only.
The properties of each mode are set in the Toshiba Power
Saver utility. For more information, see “Power Saver” on
page 171.
Standby mode
Fn +
This hot key puts the computer into standby mode.
A message box is displayed by default to confirm
that the computer is going into standby mode.
This message box can be set so it doesn’t display.
For more information about Standby mode, please
see “Using Standby” on page 116.
246
Hot Keys
Hibernation mode
Hibernation mode
Fn +
This hot key puts the computer into Hibernation mode.
If Hibernation mode is enabled (the default) a
message box is displayed by default to confirm the
computer is going into Hibernation mode. The
message box can be set so it doesn’t display.
If Hibernation mode is disabled, this hot key will
not respond. For more information on Hibernation
mode, see “Using Hibernation” on page 114.
Display modes
Fn +
This hot key cycles through the power-on display options.
The display modes are:
Built-in display panel only
Built-in display panel and external monitor
simultaneously
External monitor only
Built-in display panel and external video device
simultaneously
External video device only
In order to use a simultaneous mode, you must set the
resolution of the internal display panel to match the
resolution of the external display device.
247
Display brightness
Fn +
This hot key decreases the screen brightness.
Fn +
This hot key increases the screen brightness.
Wireless modes
Fn +
This hot key enables/disables the optional wireless devices
in your computer.
The wireless modes are:
All disabled—This disables both the
Bluetooth and Wi-Fi modules.
Wi-Fi enabled—This enables just the Wi-Fi
module.
Bluetooth enabled—This enables just the
Bluetooth module. (See “Using Bluetooth”
on page 133 for instructions on setting up
Bluetooth.)
All enabled—This enables both Bluetooth
and Wi-Fi for simultaneous use of both
wireless technologies.
248
Keyboard hot keys
Fn +
This hot key turns the cursor control overlay on and off.
Fn +
This hot key turns the numeric overlay on and off.
Fn +
This hot key turns the scroll lock feature on and off.
Appendix C
Power Cable
Connectors
The computer features a universal power supply you can use
worldwide. This appendix shows the shapes of the typical AC
power cable connectors for various parts of the world.
USA and Canada
United Kingdom
UL approved
CSA approved
BS approved
Australia
AS approved
Europe
VDA approved
NEMKO approved
249
250
— Blank Page —-
Appendix D
Video Modes
This appendix lists the video modes supported by the display
adapter, and identifies the characteristics of each mode.
The tables have these columns:
Mode is the mode number in hexadecimal; it is generally used by
programmers to specify video modes in programs.
Type identifies the display adapter that first supported the mode, and
specifies whether the mode is text or graphics.
Resolution is the measure of the screen’s dimensions in terms of
horizontal and vertical pixels (in graphics modes), or rows and
columns of characters (in text modes).
Grid is the default number of pels per character.
LCD Colors is the maximum number of simultaneous colors, or shades
of gray, that the mode can display on the built-in screen.
CRT Colors is the maximum number of simultaneous colors, or shades
of gray, that the mode can display on an external monitor.
Scan Freq hor/vert is the horizontal and vertical scanning frequency in
Hertz. This is for external monitors only.
251
252
Video Modes
This table lists the video modes for the your computer:
Mode
(hex)
Type
0, 1
VGA Text
Internal LCD
External Monitor
Scan Freq.
Resolution
Grid
(pelxpel) Colors
Grid
(pelxpel) Colors
hor.
40x25 char
8x8
8x8
31.5kHz 70Hz
16/256K
16/256K
vert.
2, 3
VGA Text
80x25 char
8x8
16/256K
8x8
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
0*, 1*
VGA Text
40x25 char
8x14
16/256K
8x14
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
2*, 3*
VGA Text
80x25 char
8x14
16/256K
8x14
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
0+, 1+ VGA Text
40x25 char
8x16
16/256K
9x16
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
2+, 3+ VGA Text
80x25 char
8x16
31.5kHz 70Hz
16/256K
9x16
16/256K
4, 5
VGA Grph 320x200 pels 8x8
4/256K
8x8
4/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
6
VGA Grph 640x200 pels 8x8
2/256K
8x8
2/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
7
VGA Text
80x25 char
8x14
Mono
9x14
Mono
31.5kHz 70Hz
7+
VGA Text
80x25 char
8x16
Mono
9x16
Mono
31.5kHz 70Hz
D
VGA Grph 320x200 pels 8x8
16/256K
8x8
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
E
VGA Grph 640x200 pels 8x8
16/256K
8x8
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
F
VGA Grph 640x350 pels 8x14
Mono
8x14
Mono
31.5kHz 70Hz
10
VGA Grph 640x350 pels 8x14
16/256K
8x14
16/256K
31.5kHz 70Hz
11
VGA Grph 640x480 pels 8x16
2/256K
8x16
2/256K
31.5kHz 60Hz
12
VGA Grph 640x480 pels 8x16
16/256K
8x16
16/256K
31.5kHz 60Hz
13
VGA Grph 320x200 pels 8x8
256/256K 8x8
256/256K 31.5kHz 70Hz
30
SVGA
Grph
640x480 pels 8x16
256/256K 8x16
256/256K 31.5kHz 60Hz
37.6kHz 75Hz
43.2kHz 85Hz
32
SVGA
Grph
800x600 pels 8x16
256/256K 8x16
256/256K 37.9kHz 60Hz
46.9kHz 75Hz
53.7kHz 85Hz
34
SVGA
Grph
1024x768pels 8x16
256/256K 8x16
256/256K 35.5kHz
48.5kHz
60.0kHz
68.8kHz
38
SVGA
Grph
1280x1024
pels
8x16
256/256K 8x16
(virtual)
256/256K 35.5kHz 87Hz*
35.5kHz 60Hz
SVGA
Grph
1600x1200
pels
8x16
256/256K 8x16
(virtual)
256/256K 35.5kHz 87Hz*
40
SVGA
Grph
640x480 pels 8x16
32K/32K 8x16
32K/32K 31.5kHz 60Hz
37.6kHz 75Hz
43.2kHz 85Hz
41
SVGA
Grph
640x480 pels 8x16
64K/64K 8x16
64K/64K 31.5kHz 60Hz
37.6kHz 75Hz
43.2kHz 85Hz
87Hz*
60Hz
75Hz
85Hz
Video Modes
Mode
(hex)
253
Internal LCD
External Monitor
Scan Freq.
Grid
(pelxpel) Colors
Grid
(pelxpel) Colors
hor.
vert.
Type
Resolution
42
SVGA
Grph
800x600 pels 8x16
32K/32K 8x16
32K/32K 37.9kHz 60Hz
46.9kHz 75Hz
53.7kHz 85Hz
43
SVGA
Grph
800x600 pels 8x16
64K/64K 8x16
64K/64K 37.9kHz 60Hz
46.9kHz 75Hz
53.7kHz 85Hz
44
SVGA
Grph
1024x768
pels
8x16
32K/32K 8x16
32K/32K 35.5kHz
48.5kHz
60.0kHz
68.8kHz
87Hz*
60Hz
75Hz
85Hz
45
SVGA
Grph
1024x768
pels
8x16
64K/64K 8x16
64K/64K 35.5kHz
48.5kHz
60.0kHz
68.8kHz
87Hz*
60Hz
75Hz
85Hz
SVGA
Grph
1280x1024
pels
8x16
32K/32K 8x16
(virtual)
32K/32K 35.5kHz 87Hz*
35.5kHz 60Hz
SVGA
Grph
1280x1024
pels
8x16
64K/64K 8x16
(virtual)
64K/64K 35.5kHz 87Hz*
35.5kHz 60Hz
50
SVGA
Grph
640x480 pels 8x16
16M/16M 8x16
16M/16M 31.5kHz 60Hz
37.6kHz 75Hz
43.2kHz 85Hz
52
SVGA
Grph
800x600 pels 8x16
16M/16M 8x16
16M/16M 37.9kHz 60Hz
46.9kHz 75Hz
53.7kHz 85Hz
SVGA
Grph
1024x768
pels
16M/16M 8x16
16M/16M 35.5kHz
48.5kHz
60.0kHz
68.8kHz
8x16
*These modes are interlaced. All others are non-interlaced.
87Hz*
60Hz
75Hz
85Hz
254
— Blank Page —-
Glossary
TECHNICAL NOTE: Some features defined in this glossary
may not be available on your computer.
Acronyms
The following acronyms may appear in this user’s guide.
AC
alternating current
BIOS
basic input/output system
bps
bits per second
CD
compact disc
CD-ROM
compact disc read-only memory
CD-RW
compact disc rewrite memory
CMOS
complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
COM1
communications port 1 (serial port)
COM2
communications port 2 (serial port)
CPU
central processing unit
DC
direct current
255
256
Glossary
Acronyms
DMA
direct memory access
DIMM
dual inline memory module
DOS
disk operating system
DPI
dots per inch
DSTN
dual supertwist nematic
DVD
digital versatile (or video) disc
DVD-ROM digital versatile (or video) disc read-only memory
ECP
enhanced capabilities port
EPROM
erasable programmable read-only memory
FAT
file allocation table
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FIR
fast infrared
GB
gigabyte
HDD
hard disk drive
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
I/O
input/output
IRQ
interrupt request
ISP
Internet service provider
KB
kilobyte
LAN
local area network
LCD
liquid crystal display
LPT1
line printer port 1 (parallel port)
LSI
large-scale integration
MB
megabyte
MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
PC
personal computer
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International
Association
RAM
random access memory
Glossary
Terms
RFI
radio frequency interference
ROM
read-only memory
RTC
real-time clock
SCSI
small computer system interface
SDRAM
synchronous dynamic random access memory
SRAM
static random access memory
SVGA
super video graphics adapter
TFT
thin film transistor
USB
universal serial bus
URL
uniform resource locator
WAN
wide area network
www
World Wide Web
257
Terms
The following terms may appear in this user’s guide.
A
active-matrix display — A liquid crystal display (LCD) made from an
array of liquid crystal cells using active-matrix technology. Also
known as a “TFT display,” in its simplest form there is one thin film
transistor (TFT) for each cell. This type of display works well with
notebook computers because of its shallow depth and high-quality
color. Active-matrix displays are viewable from wider angles than
most passive-matrix displays.
adapter — A device that provides a compatible connection between two
units. For example, the computer’s internal display adapter receives
information from the software and translates it into images on the
screen. An adapter can take a number of forms, from a
microprocessor to a simple connector. An intelligent adapter (one
that is capable of doing some processing) may also be called a
controller.
alternating current (AC) — The type of power usually supplied to
residential and commercial wall outlets. AC reverses its direction at
regular intervals. Compare direct current (DC).
258
Glossary
Terms
application — A computer program that you use to perform tasks of a
specific type. Applications include word processors, spreadsheets,
and database management systems. See also program.
B
backup — A copy of a file, usually on a removable disk, kept in case the
original file is lost or damaged.
basic input/output system (BIOS) — See BIOS.
baud rate — The speed at which a communication device, such as a
printer or modem, transmits information. Baud rate is the number of
signal changes per second (not necessarily the same as bits per
second). See also bits per second.
BIOS (basic input/output system) — Basic instructions, stored in readonly memory (ROM), containing the information the computer
needs in order to check hardware and load the operating system
when you start up the computer.
bit: — Short for “binary digit.” A bit is the smallest unit of information
used by a computer. A group of eight bits is a byte. See also byte.
bits per second (bps) — A way of measuring the speed at which
information is passed between two devices. The basic measure used
in modem communications, bps is similar, but not identical, to the
baud rate. See also baud rate.
boot — To start the computer. The term “boot” originates from bootstrap
program (as in “pulling itself up by its bootstraps”), a program that
loads and initializes the operating system. See also reboot.
boot disk — See system disk.
boot priority (startup sequence) — The order in which the computer
accesses its disk drives to locate the startup files. Under the default
startup sequence, the computer looks for the startup files in the
diskette drive before checking the hard disk.
bus — An electrical circuit that connects the central processing unit
(CPU) with other parts of the computer, such as the video adapter,
disk drives, and ports. It is the pathway through which data flows
from one device to another. See also bus speed, frontside bus.
bus speed — The speed at which the central processing unit (CPU)
communicates with the other parts of the computer.
Glossary
Terms
259
byte — A sequence of eight bits. A byte is the smallest addressable unit
of data. See also bit, gigabyte, kilobyte, megabyte.
C
cache — A section of very fast memory in which frequently used
information is duplicated for quick access. Accessing data from
cache is faster than accessing it from the computer’s main memory.
See also CPU cache, L1 cache, L2 cache.
CD — An individual compact disc. See also CD-ROM.
CD-ROM (compact disc read-only memory) — A form of highcapacity storage that uses laser optics instead of magnetic means for
reading data. See also CD. Compare DVD-ROM.
central processing unit (CPU) — The chip that functions as the “brain”
of the computer. It takes information from outside sources, such as
memory or keyboard input, processes the information, and sends the
results to another device that uses the information.
character — Any letter, number, or symbol you can use on the
computer. Some characters are non-printing characters, such as a
paragraph break in a word-processing program. A character
occupies one byte of computer storage.
chip — A small piece of silicon containing computer logic and circuits
for processing, memory, input/output, and/or control functions.
Chips are mounted on printed circuit boards.
click — To press and release the AccuPoint II control button or mouse
button without moving the AccuPoint II or mouse. In the Windows®
operating system, this refers to the left mouse button or primary
AccuPoint control button, unless otherwise stated. See also doubleclick.
color palette — A set of specified colors that establishes the colors that
can be displayed on the screen at a particular time.
compatibility — The extent to which computers, programs, or devices
can work together harmoniously, using the same commands,
formats, or language as another.
configuration — (1) The collection of components that make up a single
computer system. (2) How parts of the system are set up (that is,
configured).
260
Glossary
Terms
controller — A device that controls the transfer of data from a computer
to a peripheral device and vice versa. For example, disk drives,
monitors, keyboards, and printers all require controllers.
CPU — See central processing unit (CPU).
CPU cache — A section of very fast memory residing between the CPU
and the computer’s main memory that temporarily stores data and
instructions the CPU will need to execute commands and programs.
See also cache, L1 cache, L2 cache.
cursor — A symbol that indicates the current position on the screen. The
shape of the cursor varies, depending on the program you’re using
and what you’re doing.
D
default — The setting selected by a program when the user does not
specify an alternative setting.
device — A component attached to the computer. Devices may be
external (outside the computer’s case) or internal (inside the
computer’s case). Printers, disk drives, and modems are examples of
devices.
device driver — A program (called a “driver”) that permits a computer
to communicate with a device.
dialog box — An on-screen window displayed by the operating system
or a program giving a direction or requesting input from the user.
direct current (DC) — The type of power usually supplied by batteries.
DC flows in one direction. Compare alternating current (AC).
direct memory access (DMA) — A dedicated channel, bypassing the
CPU, that enables direct data transfer between memory and a
device.
directory — See folder.
disable — To turn a computer option off. See also enable.
disc — A round, flat piece of metal, designed to be read from and written
to by optical (laser) technology, and used in the production of optical
discs, such as CDs and DVDs. Compare disk.
disk — A round, flat piece of material that can be magnetically
influenced to hold information in digital form, and used in the
production of magnetic disks, such as diskettes and hard disks.
Compare disc. See also diskette, hard disk.
Glossary
Terms
261
disk drive — The device that reads and writes information and programs
on a diskette or hard disk. It rotates the disk at high speed past one or
more read/write heads.
diskette — A thin, flexible disk in a protective jacket that stores
magnetically encoded data. Diskettes can be removed from the
computer and come in two sizes: 5.25-inch and 3.5-inch. Your
computer uses 3.5-inch diskettes. See also double-density diskette,
high-density diskette.
document — Any file created with an application and, if saved to disk,
given a name by which it can be retrieved. See also file.
double-click — To press the AccuPoint II control button or mouse
button rapidly twice without moving the AccuPoint or mouse. In the
Windows® operating system, this refers to the primary AccuPoint
control button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated.
double-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that can hold up to 720
KB of information (half the capacity of a high-density diskette). See
also diskette, high-density diskette.
download — (1) In communications, to receive a file from another
computer through a modem or network. (2) To send font data from
the computer to a printer. See also upload.
drag — To hold down the AccuPoint II control button or mouse button
while moving the cursor to drag a selected object. In the Windows®
operating system, this refers to the primary AccuPoint II control
button or left mouse button, unless otherwise stated.
driver — See device driver.
DVD — An individual digital versatile (or video) disc. See also DVDROM.
DVD-ROM (digital versatile [or video] disc read-only memory) — A
very high-capacity storage medium that uses laser optics for reading
data. Each DVD-ROM can hold as much data as several CD-ROMs.
Compare CD-ROM.
E
emulation — A technique in which a device or program imitates another
device or program.
enable — To turn on a computer option. See also disable.
262
Glossary
Terms
executable file — A computer program that is ready to run. Application
programs and batch files are examples of executable files. Names of
executable files usually end with a .bat or .exe extension.
expansion device — A device that connects to a computer to expand its
capabilities. Other names for an expansion device are port expander,
port replicator, or network adapter.
extension — See file extension.
external device — See device.
F
file — A collection of related information, saved on disk with a unique
name. A file may be a program, information used by a program, or a
document. See also document.
file allocation table (FAT) — The section of a disk that keeps track of
the location of files stored on the disk.
file name — A set of characters that uniquely identifies a file within a
particular folder. It consists of two parts: the actual name and the file
name extension. See also file extension.
file extension — The three characters following the period (pronounced
“dot”) at the end of a file name. The extension indicates the type of
file. Examples are .exe for program files and .hlp for help files. See
also file name.
folder — Also called directory. A container for organizing files saved to
a disk. A folder is symbolized on screen by a graphical image (icon)
of a file folder. A folder can contain files and other folders.
format — (verb) To prepare a blank disk for use with the computer’s
operating system. Formatting creates a structure on the disk so the
operating system can write information to the disk or read
information from it.
frontside bus — The primary pathway (bus) between the CPU and the
computer’s main memory. Also called “system bus.” See also bus.
function keys — The keys labeled F1 through F12, typically located on
the keyboard. Their function is determined by the operating system
and/or individual programs.
G
gigabyte (GB) — A unit of data equal to 1,073,741,824 bytes (1024 x
1024 x 1024 bytes). See also byte.
Glossary
Terms
263
ground — A conductor to which all components of an electric circuit are
connected. It has a potential of zero (0) volts, is connected to the
earth, and is the point of reference for voltages in the circuit.
H
hard disk — A storage device composed of a rigid platter or platters that
can be magnetically coded with data. Hard disks hold much more
information than diskettes and are used for long-term storage of
programs and data. The primary (or only) hard disk in a computer is
usually fixed, but some computers have secondary hard disks that
are removable. By default, the hard disk is referred to as drive C.
hardware — The physical components of a computer system. Compare
software.
Hibernation — A feature of many Toshiba notebook computers that
saves to the hard disk the current state of your work, including all
open files and programs, when you turn the computer off. When
you turn on the computer again, your work is returned to the same
state it was when the computer was turned off. See also Standby,
Suspend.
high-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that holds 1.44 MB of data.
See also diskette.
hot key — (1) A feature in which certain keys in combination with the
Fn key can set system options or control system parameters, such as
the battery save mode. (2) A key or combination of keys that
activates a memory resident program.
hot swapping — The ability to add or remove devices from a computer
while the computer is running and have the operating system
automatically recognize the change.
I
icon — A small image displayed on the screen that represents a function,
file, or program.
interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which only
every other line of pixels is refreshed. Interlaced monitors take two
passes to create a complete screen image. Compare non-interlaced.
internal device — See device.
Internet — The decentralized, world-wide network of computers that
provides electronic mail, the World Wide Web, and other services.
See also World Wide Web.
264
K
Glossary
Terms
keyboard shortcut — A key or combination of keys that you use to
perform a task instead of using a pointing device such as the
AccuPoint.
kilobyte (KB) — A unit of data equal to 1024 bytes. See also byte.
L
L1 (level one) cache — Memory cache built into the processor to help
improve processing speed. See also cache, CPU cache, L2 cache.
L2 (level two) cache — Memory cache installed on the motherboard to
help improve processing speed. It is slower than L1 cache and faster
than main memory. See also cache, CPU cache, L1 cache.
LAN (local area network) — A group of computers or other devices
dispersed over a relatively limited area and connected by a
communications link that enables any device to interact with any
other on the network.
liquid crystal display (LCD) — A type of display that uses a liquid
substance between two transparent electrode panels. When an
electric current passes through the electrodes, the molecules in the
liquid form a crystalline pattern that polarizes the light passing
through it. A filter over the electrodes permits only non-polarized
light to pass to the surface of the display, creating light and dark
pixels.
load — To move information from a storage device (such as a hard disk)
into memory for processing.
local area network — See LAN.
logical drive — A section of a disk that is recognized by the operating
system as a separate disk drive. A system’s logical drives may differ
from its physical drives. For example, a single hard disk drive may
be partitioned into two or more logical drives.
M
megabyte (MB) — A unit of data equal to 1,048,576 bytes (1024 x 1024
bytes). See also bytes.
memory — Typically refers to the computer’s main memory, where
programs are run and data is temporarily stored and processed.
Memory can be volatile and hold data temporarily, such as RAM, or
it can be nonvolatile and hold data permanently, such as ROM. A
computer’s main memory is RAM. See RAM, ROM.
microprocessor — See central processing unit (CPU).
Glossary
Terms
265
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) — A standard for
connecting musical instruments, synthesizers, and computers. The
MIDI standard provides a way of translating music into a form
computers can use, and vice versa.
modem — Short for “modulator/demodulator.” A device that converts
information from digital to analog and back to digital, enabling
information to pass back and forth between digital computers and
analog telephone lines.
motherboard — The main circuit board in the computer. It contains the
processor, memory, and other primary components.
MS-DOS prompt — See system prompt.
multimedia — A combination of two or more media, such as sound,
animation, and video in a computer program or presentation.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface — See MIDI.
N
network — A collection of computers and associated devices that are
connected by communications facilities. A network allows you to
share data and peripheral devices, such as printers, with other users
and to exchange electronic mail.
non-interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which
each pixel of every line is refreshed as the electron beam scans
across and down the screen. Compare interlaced.
non-system disk — A disk for storing programs and data that cannot be
used to start the computer. Compare system disk.
O
online — Available through the computer. Online may refer to
information being read from your own computer’s hard disk, such
as online documentation or online help, or to information coming
from another company on a company network or the Internet.
operating system — A set of programs that controls how the computer
®
works. Examples of operating systems are Windows 98 Second
®
Edition and Windows 2000 operating systems.
P
palette — See color palette.
266
Glossary
Terms
parallel — Processes that occur simultaneously. In communications, it
means the transmission of more than one bit of information at a
time. On your computer, the parallel port provides a parallel
communications interface between the computer and an appropriate
device. Most modern printers are parallel. Compare serial.
password — A unique string of characters entered by a user to verify his
or her identity to the computer or the network.
PC Card — A credit-card-sized expansion card designed to increase the
capabilities of notebook computers. PC Cards provide functions
such as modem, fax/modem, hard disk drive, network adapter,
sound card, or SCSI adapter.
peripheral — Any device, such as a printer or joystick, that is attached
to the computer and controlled by the computer’s CPU.
pixel — Short for “picture element.” The smallest dot that can be
produced on a screen or printer.
Plug and Play — Generally, refers to the computer’s ability to
automatically configure itself to work with peripheral devices.
When capitalized, refers to a standard that, when followed by a
device manufacturer, allows a PC to configure itself automatically to
work with the device.
pointing device — Any device, such as the AccuPoint or a mouse, that
enables you to move the cursor on the screen.
port — A socket on the computer where you plug in a cable for
connection to a network or a peripheral device.
processor — See central processing unit (CPU).
program — A set of instructions that can be executed by a computer.
The general classes of programs (also called software) are operating
system, application, and utility. See also operating system,
application, utility.
properties — The attributes of an object or device. For example, the
properties of a file include the file’s type, size, and creation date.
Glossary
Terms
R
267
RAM (random access memory) — Volatile memory that can be
written to as well as read. By volatile, we mean that information in
RAM is lost when you turn off your computer. This type of memory
is used for your computer’s main memory. See also memory.
Compare ROM.
random access memory — See RAM.
read-only memory — See ROM.
reboot — See boot, restart.
removable disk — A disk that can be removed from a disk drive. A
diskette is one example of a removable disk.
resolution — A measure of the sharpness of the images that can be
produced by a printer or displayed on a screen. For a printer,
resolution is expressed in dots per inch (dpi). For a screen, it is
expressed as the number of pixels available horizontally and
vertically.
restart — Synonymous with reboot. To reset the computer by reloading
the operating system without turning the computer off. See also
boot.
RJ11 — A modular connector used on most U.S. telephone systems and
direct-connect modems. The RJ11 connector is a 6-wire connector.
ROM (read-only memory) — Non-volatile memory that can be read
but not written to. By non-volatile, we mean that information in
ROM remains whether or not the computer is receiving power. This
type of memory is used to store your computer’s BIOS, which is
essential instructions the computer reads when you start it up. See
also BIOS, memory. Compare RAM.
S
select — To highlight or otherwise specify text, data, or graphics with the
intent to perform some operation on it.
serial — Processes that occur one at a time. In communications, it means
the transmission of one bit at a time sequentially over a single
channel. On your computer, the serial port provides a serial interface
between the computer and an appropriate device. Compare parallel.
shortcut — See keyboard shortcut.
software — See program. Compare hardware.
268
Glossary
Terms
®
Standby — A feature of some Windows operating systems that allows
you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications
and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer
on again.
®
Suspend — A feature of some Windows operating systems that allows
you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications
and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer
on again.
system disk — A diskette that contains the operating system files needed
to start the computer. Any diskette can be formatted as a system
disk. A system disk is also called a “bootable disk” or a “startup
disk.” Compare non-system disk.
®
system prompt — The symbol (in the MS-DOS operating system,
generally a drive letter followed by a “greater than” sign) indicating
where users are to enter commands.
T
U
TFT display — See active-matrix display.
universal serial bus (USB) — A serial bus that supports a data transfer
rate of up to 12 Mbps (12 million bits per second). USB can connect
up to 127 peripheral devices through a single all-purpose USB port.
USB allows hot swapping of peripherals. See also bus, hot
swapping, serial.
upload — To send a file to another computer through a modem or
network. See also download.
USB — See universal serial bus (USB).
utility — A computer program designed to perform a narrowly focused
operation or solve a specific problem. Utilities are often related to
computer system management.
W
V
Web — See World Wide Web.
Wi-Fi — A trademarked term by the Wireless Capability Ethernet
Alliance which stands for Wireless Fidelity. Wi-Fi is another term
for the IEEE 2.11b communication protocol to permit an Ethernet
connection using wireless communication components.
269
World Wide Web (www) — The worldwide network of Web sites
linked together over the Internet. A user of the Web can jump from
site to site regardless of the location of the computer hosting the site.
See also Internet.
270
— Blank Page —-
Index
Numerics
101-key keyboard 76
A
AC adapter 41
DC-IN jack 28
plugging in 28
AC power light 32
accessories
carrying cases 94
devices 66
expansion devices 59
memory 59
AccuPoint II
pointing device 30
replacing the cap 200
troubleshooting 200
Add Printer Wizard 122
alarms 100
B
basics
backing up files 73
keyboard 76
turning off the power 49
battery
alarms 100
caring for 103
changing 101
charging 41, 43
charging before use 40
conserving power 105
disposing of safely 104
lights 33
main 33
module 32
monitoring power 97
power 228
power usage hot key 106
power usage mode 245
real-time clock (RTC) 96
removing 102
status 33
storing spare packs 104
troubleshooting 197
unlocking 101, 102
Battery lock 27
271
272
Index
battery power
Hibernation mode 108
Standby mode 110
C
CD-ROM drive 127
opening 88
playing audio CDs 127
troubleshooting 205
communications
cable-free 29
network connection 131
troubleshooting 204
compact discs
handling 89
inserting 87
removing 90
computer
display latch 29
precautions 40
setting up 47
configuration management tool 169
configuring
hard drive passwords 180
password 177
PC Cards 70
power-saving options 106
connecting
headphones 58
memory module 60
modem to telephone line 71
monitor 51
PC Cards 69
speakers 58
television 51
video projector 51
conserving power 105
copying files 128
CPU fan 28
cursor control overlay 34
D
Device Manager 195
device properties 195
devices
keyboard 53
memory module 60
mouse 54
Direct Memory Access (DMA) 194
disabling, network port 45
disc, positioning 88
Disk Defragmenter
troubleshooting tool 203
display
external, adjusting 52
hot key 52
television, connecting 51
troubleshooting 200
video projector, connecting 51
display latch 26
display panel
adjusting 29
handling 29
opening 29
DMA assignments 194
DVD player
general problems 212
playing DVDs 139
DVD-ROM drive 28
troubleshooting 205
E
Energy Star 95
expansion capability 58
Explorer, Windows 227
external
display devices 27
keyboard 53
microphone 29
monitor 27
mouse 54
Index
F
file, backing up 73
Fn-esse 164
assigning a key to a program or
document 165
changing or removing key
assignments 169
keyboard 164
program
starting 164
viewing key assignments 168
function keys 77
assignments 168
H
hard disk drive
light 33
Master password 180
password 178, 180
passwords 180
troubleshooting 202
User password 180
hardware conflicts
DMA assignments 194
Interrupt ReQuest (IRQ) channel
194
headphones 58, 125
jack 29
problems 206
Hibernation
activate 115
Hibernation command 108
Hibernation mode 108
methods 114
hot key
alarm volume 246
display modes 246
display output settings 52
instant password 179, 243
keyboard 248
273
keyboard overlays 248
power usage mode 106, 245
Shutdown mode 245
sound 246
hot keys 243
hot swapping
PC Cards 91
peripherals 27
HW Setup 169
I
IBM 101-key enhanced keyboard 76
icon
power-saving 174
safety 22
indicator light
Wi-Fi 33
infrared port 29
transferring files 128
using 128
installing
memory modules 59
mouse 54
PC Cards 69
instant password 179
hot key 179
Interrupt ReQuest (IRQ) channel 194
J
jack
headphone 29
microphone 29
K
keyboard
84-key 30
caps lock key 76
character keys 76
external 53
full size 30
274
Index
function keys 77
hot keys 248
indicator panel 31, 33
overlays 78
troubleshooting 198
Windows special keys 78
L
latch, display 26
LCD display 30
lighting 39
lights
AC power 32
hard disk drive 33
main battery 33
numlock 34
on/off 32
SelectBay drive 33
Wi-Fi 33
upgrading 129
modes
Hibernation 108
Shut down 118
Standby 110
monitor
connecting 51
monitor port 27
mouse
installing 54
serial 54
N
network
accessing 131
Dial-Up Networking Wizard 131
network port, disabling 45
numeric overlay 34
numlock light 34
M
O
main battery 33
status 33
Master password 180
memory
adding 59
expansion slots 61
memory module 60
removing 65
removing screws 62
microphone
external 58
jack 29
problems 206
modem
connecting to telephone line 71
determining COM port 129
resetting port to default settings
129
troubleshooting 204
on/off light 32
overlay
cursor control 34
numeric 34
P
password
clearing 179
creating 178
hard disk drive 178, 180
instant 179
power-on 177
supervisor-level 229
types 177
user-level 177, 179
password security 243
passwords 177
supervisor 229
PC Card
checklist 208
Index
CIS (Card Information Structure)
207
common problems 209
configuring 70
enablers 208
hot swapping 91, 210
I/O conflict 209
inserting 69
modem default 129
nonstandard configurations 208
removing 69
slots 29
troubleshooting checklist 208
Windows driver 208
PC Card slots 29
Plug and Play 195
pointing device 30
port
infrared 29
USB (Universal Serial Bus) 27
PORT-Noteworthy Computer Lock
Cable 28
power
alarms 100
battery 228
conserving 105
monitoring 97
options 106
taking care of your battery 103
power button 30, 45
power cable connectors 249
Power Save modes 173
changing settings 173
Full Power 173
High Power 173
Low Power 173
Medium Power 173
User Settings 173
power usage modes 105, 106
hot key 106
275
icon 174
powering down the computer 107
Hibernation
using 114
Shut down
using 111
Standby
using 116
precautions 40, 43
primary button 81
printer
troubleshooting 210
problems
diagnosing 190
solving 190
sound system 206
problems See troubleshooting
PS/2-compatible
keyboard 53
R
real-time clock (RTC) battery 96
Recovery and Configuration Builder
CD 23
region code 149
Registering your computer 47
removing
PC Cards 29, 69
restarting the computer 190
RGB (monitor) port 27
RJ-11 modem jack, connecting
telephone cable 71
S
safety
icons 22
ScanDisk
instructions 202
troubleshooting tool 202
SCSI adapters 70
SD Media card 27
276
Index
SD Media slot 27
secondary button 81
security
password 177
PORT-Noteworthy Computer
Lock Cable 28
setting hard disk drive passwords
180
security lock slot 28
SelectBay
devices 28
drive light 33
modules 66
removing module 68
unlatching 67
SelectServ 24
setting up
adding memory 59
computer 47
computer’s environment 35
PC Cards 70
software 47
setting up your computer 40
Shut down command 107, 111
Shut down methods 111
Shut down mode
changing 118
hot key 118
Shutdown mode
hot key 245
shutting down the computer 107
software
setting up 47
sound system problems 206
SPANworks 133
speakers 28, 58
audible warnings 28
connecting external 125
problems 206
stereo sound 28
system alarms 28
Standby command 110, 116
Standby mode 110
methods 116
options 117
starting a program 84
starting a program, Windows Explorer
228
starting the computer
password 179
stereo headphones 29
system indicator panel 26
T
television
adjusting display 52
connecting 51
Toshiba
Accessories Information 23
Toshiba online services
Toshiba Forum 221
Toshiba Power Saver Properties 117
Toshiba’s online resources 135
travel, conserving power 105
troubleshooting 189
AC power light not on 197
AccuPoint II 191, 200
battery 198
CD-ROM drive 205
charging the battery 197
checking device properties 195
computer won’t start 190
Disk Defragmenter 203
diskette drive 193
display 200
DVD playback performance 215
DVD player
general problems 212
DVD-ROM drive 205
external display device 201, 202
Index
external keyboard 199
hard disk drive 192, 193, 202
hardware 193
keyboard 191, 198
AccuPoint II problems 200
keypad overlay 198
memory card 196
modem 204
PC Cards 208
power 197
printer 210
run ScanDisk 202
Windows Help menu 193
WinDVD 215
WinDVD controls 215
troubleshooting feature 193
turning off the computer 107
U
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
hot swapping 27
ports 27
User password 180
V
video modes 251
video projector
adjusting display 52
connecting 51
volume control dial 29
W
warranty
SelectServ 24
Wi-Fi
indicator light 33
wireless networking 131
Win DVD 139
Windows Explorer 227
Windows Media Player 128
WinDVD 139
277
advanced features 154
color balance 160
control panel 142
customizing 148
help 161
Internet browser, launching 161
minimum system requirements
217
pan 160
playing DVDs 139
playlists 146
properties, audio 150
properties, display 152
region codes 149
starting 140
status bar 141
toolbar 141
troubleshooting 215
video window, maximizing 145
zoom 159, 160
wireless networking 131
Wizard
Add Printer 122
Wizards
Dial-Up Networking Wizard 131
work environment 35
good computing habits 218
wrists, positioning 39
278
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