BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006

BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006
Quantifying energy
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
Introduction
Group chief executive’s introduction 1
2005 in review
2
Oil
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Regional consumption
by product group
Prices
Stocks
Refining
Trade movements
14
16
17
18
20
Natural gas
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Trade movements
Prices
22
24
27
30
31
Coal
Reserves
Prices
Production
Consumption
6
8
11
32, 33
32
33, 34
33, 35
Nuclear energy
Consumption
36
Hydroelectricity
Consumption
38
Primary energy
Consumption
Consumption by fuel
Fossil fuel reserves-toproduction (R/P) ratios
Consumption per capita
Appendices
Conversion factors
Definitions
Further information
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006 is available online
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables
and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of
extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear
energy, electricity and renewables.
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About the Review
For 55 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided
high-quality, objective and globally consistent data of world energy
markets. The Review is one of the most widely respected and
authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for
reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy
companies. A new edition is published every June.
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving
about 13 million customers in more than 100 countries across six
continents. Our business segments are Exploration and Production;
Refining and Marketing; and Gas, Power and Renewables. Through
these business segments, we provide fuel for transportation, retail
brands and energy for heat and light.
40
41
43
43
44
44
45
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy
June 2006 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for
determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules
contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas
Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or
as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily
represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather the data series has been
compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data. Canadian
oil sands ‘under active development’ have been included in proved oil reserves.
2005 was a third consecutive year of rising energy prices. Tight capacity,
extreme weather, continued conflict in the Middle East, civil strife
elsewhere and growing interest in energy among financial investors
led to rising prices. These increases, along with growing public concern
about energy security and climate change, kept our industry in the
headlines throughout the year.
This Review – the 55th in the series – presents the facts behind
those headlines.
Although real oil prices remained below the peak of the early 1980s,
2005 saw the annual average price measured in nominal terms for a
barrel of Brent crude oil exceed $50 a barrel for the first time, with an
increase of more than 40% over the 2004 figure. Natural gas prices
also rose around the world, with nominal average prices in the USA
and UK exceeding $6 per million Btu for the first time.
Although energy prices have increased, there has been no physical
shortage of either oil or gas. The market has worked effectively in
maintaining supplies, even after the dramatic and disruptive effects
of the hurricanes that hit the US Gulf Coast in the summer – albeit
at higher prices.
Concern about energy security nonetheless is widespread. Capacity
in most segments of the energy industry remains constrained and
perceptions of geopolitical risk have increased. Non-OPEC crude
oil production stagnated last year as a result of slower Russian
production growth, production declines in mature provinces and
hurricane-related losses. Carbon emissions continued to increase,
along with energy consumption.
There have been positive developments in energy markets during
the past year. So far, the international economy has proved surprisingly
resilient to higher energy prices and continued to grow. While access to
energy resources is an area of continuing uncertainty, global proved
reserves of oil and gas have continued to increase. The European
Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme has provided carbon prices via an
organized international market for the first time.
Group chief executive’s introduction
In this challenging environment, good information is essential. This
Review provides timely and unbiased data on which the necessary
decisions facing policy-makers and businesses around the world can
be taken. In addition to the printed version, supporting data is available
on our website at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
I would like to thank all those across the world whose co-operation
and support make this publication possible. I hope you will find the
Review of interest and value.
The Lord Browne of Madingley
Group Chief Executive
June 2006
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
1
2005 in review
Crude oil, natural gas and coal prices all hit
record (nominal) levels in 2005. Combined
with a modest reduction in global economic
growth, this resulted in a slowdown in
energy consumption growth.
World primary energy
consumption in 2005
increased by
%
2.7
Energy developments
World primary energy consumption increased by 2.7% in 2005, below
the previous year’s strong growth of 4.4% but still above the 10-year
average. Growth slowed from 2004 in every region and for every fuel.
The strongest increase was again in the Asia Pacific region, which
rose by 5.8%, while North America once more recorded the weakest
growth, at 0.3%. US consumption fell slightly, while China accounted
for more than half of global energy consumption growth.
2
Oil
The Brent dated oil price averaged $54.52 per barrel in 2005, more
than 40% above the 2004 average. Prices exceeded $60 per barrel for
the first time in early August. Prices reached a daily peak of more than
$67 in mid-August, before Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the US
Gulf Coast. The closure of US refineries after the hurricanes helped
narrow the differential between Brent and West Texas Intermediate
in 2005. Differentials versus heavy sour crudes again were wider than
historic averages as the world’s refining system remained limited in
its ability to process incremental volumes of heavy sour crudes.
Global oil consumption grew by 1.3% in 2005, below the 10-year
average and a marked slowdown from the strong growth (+3.6%)
seen in 2004. Consumption rose by 1 million barrels per day (b/d) to
reach 82.5 million b/d. Chinese consumption, which grew by nearly
1 million b/d in 2004, rose by only 200,000b/d. US consumption
declined by 75,000b/d.
OPEC producers gained market share, accounting for nearly all
the net increase in global production, as output rose by 900,000b/d.
Saudi Arabia utilized both existing and newly installed production
capacity to increase output to 11 million b/d. Kuwait and Qatar each
increased output by at least 100,000b/d. Iraqi production declined by
nearly 200,000b/d.
Oil production outside OPEC was flat, the weakest performance
since 1993. OECD output fell by 950,000b/d, the largest contraction
ever recorded. Output in the USA fell by 400,000b/d, with much of the
decline owing to hurricane-related losses. Output in both the UK and
Norway fell by more than 200,000b/d. These declines were offset by
rising non-OECD production. Russian production increased again, but
at a reduced rate. Output grew by 260,000b/d, one-third of the growth
seen in 2004. New deepwater production pushed Angolan output up
by more than 250,000b/d. Azerbaijan, Brazil and China each increased
production by at least 100,000b/d.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
3
World natural gas
consumption grew by
%
2.3
Natural gas
World natural gas consumption grew by 2.3% in 2005, more slowly
than in 2004 but close to the 10-year average. North America was
the only region to see consumption decline. In the USA, the world’s
largest consumer, gas use declined by 1.5%. The continued growth
in gas consumed for power generation was more than offset by
a decline in industrial use, which in turn was exacerbated by the
price spikes and the interruption of business activity following the
hurricanes. Gas use in the UK, the world’s third-largest consumer,
declined by 2.2%. Elsewhere, gas consumption rose by 3.8%, with
the largest gains in China, southern Europe and India.
Gas production rose by 2.5% in 2005, despite declines in the USA
and the European Union. The USA had the world’s largest production
4
decline, owing to hurricane-related losses. In Europe, declining UK
and Dutch production was offset by continued increases in Russia and
Norway. China’s production increase was the largest in the world.
International trade in natural gas continued to grow robustly in 2005,
rising by 6.4%, close to the 10-year average. Pipeline shipments also
rose by 6.4%. While a large number of producers increased pipeline
shipments, the largest increments were recorded by Norway, Algeria,
Libya and Russia. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipments rebounded
in 2005, rising by 6.4%. Egypt became an LNG exporter in 2005 and
shipments from Qatar, Australia and Malaysia increased significantly.
US LNG imports declined slightly, while European LNG imports rose
by 19%. Asian LNG consumption continued to increase, with the
ramp-up of Indian imports the key driver.
Coal was again the world’s
fastest-growing fuel, with
global consumption rising by
%
5
Other fuels
Coal was again the world’s fastest-growing fuel, with global
consumption rising by 5% or twice the 10-year average. Consumption
in China, the world’s largest consumer, rose by 11%. China accounted
for 80% of global growth. Consumption growth in the USA was also
above average, while growth in the rest of the world was close to the
10-year average.
Nuclear power consumption stagnated in 2005, rising by 0.6%,
below the 10-year average of 1.8%. Output remains near capacity
and few new plants have come on line. Global hydroelectric generation
rose by 4.2%, the second consecutive above-average year. Growth
was boosted by new capacity in China, where output rose by 13.7%.
Elsewhere, growth in northern Europe, Brazil and Canada offset
declines owing to low rainfall across southern Europe and parts of
the USA.
Acknowledgements
We express our gratitude to our numerous contacts worldwide who
provide the basic data for this publication.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
5
Oil
At end 1985
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 1995
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2004
Thousand
million
barrels
Thousand
million
tonnes
36.4
9.6
55.6
101.5
29.8
10.5
48.8
89.0
29.3
16.5
14.8
60.6
3.6
2.3
1.9
7.8
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
2.2
2.2
1.2
1.1
0.6
0.6
54.5
0.5
62.9
2.4
6.2
3.0
3.4
0.8
0.7
66.3
1.1
83.8
2.3
11.2
1.5
5.1
1.1
0.8
79.7
1.3
103.0
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.4
0.6
n/a
5.6
1.4
n/a
n/a
5.6
n/a
65.0
78.6
n/a
0.9
0.7
n/a
10.8
1.0
n/a
n/a
4.5
n/a
63.6
81.5
59.0
65.0
92.5
4.1
4.5
171.5
1.5
33.0
0.1
0.2
431.3
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Proved reserves
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
TOTAL WORLD
of which: OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
At end 2005
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total
R/P
ratio
29.3
16.5
13.7
59.5
2.4%
1.4%
1.1%
5.0%
11.8
14.8
10.0
11.9
0.3
1.6
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.1
11.5
0.2
14.8
2.3
11.8
1.5
5.1
1.1
0.8
79.7
1.3
103.5
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
6.6%
0.1%
8.6%
8.7
18.8
7.3
25.6
27.1
13.0
72.6
24.8
40.7
7.0
1.3
0.8
39.6
9.7
0.5
72.4
0.5
4.0
0.6
2.2
138.7
1.0
0.2
0.1
5.4
1.3
0.1
10.2
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.3
19.2
7.0
1.3
0.7
39.6
9.7
0.5
74.4
0.5
4.0
0.6
2.2
140.5
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
3.3%
0.8%
42.4
9.3
17.0
79.6
8.9
11.3
21.4
7.8
6.1
12.9
12.9
22.0
93.7
100.0
96.5
5.2
3.7
261.5
2.6
98.1
0.1
0.1
661.5
132.7
115.0
101.5
5.6
15.2
264.3
3.2
97.8
2.9
0.1
738.2
18.9
15.5
14.0
0.8
2.0
36.3
0.4
13.0
0.4
†
101.2
137.5
115.0
101.5
5.6
15.2
264.2
3.0
97.8
2.9
0.1
742.7
11.5%
9.6%
8.5%
0.5%
1.3%
22.0%
0.2%
8.1%
0.2%
8.8
2.0
–
0.8
3.8
–
0.7
21.3
16.6
0.3
1.8
1.0
57.0
10.0
3.1
–
1.3
3.8
0.6
1.5
29.5
20.8
0.3
0.4
0.7
72.0
11.8
9.0
0.9
1.8
3.6
1.8
2.2
39.1
35.9
6.4
0.7
0.6
113.8
1.5
1.2
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.3
5.1
4.8
0.9
0.1
0.1
15.2
12.2
9.0
0.9
1.8
3.7
1.8
2.2
39.1
35.9
6.4
0.7
0.6
114.3
1.0%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
3.3%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
2.9
1.4
17.1
3.8
9.2
3.5
0.1
–
1.1
39.1
4.0
1.1
16.3
5.5
5.0
5.2
0.3
0.8
1.0
39.2
4.0
1.1
16.0
5.6
4.3
4.3
0.5
3.1
0.8
39.8
0.5
0.2
2.2
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.1
0.4
0.1
5.4
4.0
1.1
16.0
5.9
4.3
4.2
0.5
3.1
1.0
40.2
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
3.4%
20.0
14.9
12.1
20.7
10.4
13.9
5.2
21.8
13.2
13.8
770.4
118.6
535.8
172.0
62.7
1027.0
111.3
785.1
179.8
62.1
1194.1
81.8
897.4
175.8
120.9
163.6
10.6
123.2
23.5
16.8
1200.7
80.6
902.4
175.4
122.9
100.0%
6.7%
75.2%
14.6%
10.2%
40.6
11.2
73.1
13.6
28.4
6.2%
0.3%
0.2%
11.7%
61.9%
9.5%
93.0
*
*
19.6
38.0
65.6
17.5
97.4
18.3
4.6
81.0
16.6
19.9
14.3
19.3
14.6
13.6
25.8
63.0
38.1
46.3
25.2
12.0
31.8
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the
future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that level.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas
Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain. The reserves figures shown do not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines
and practices used for determining proved reserves at the company level, for instance, those published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission or recommended for the
purposes of UK SORP, nor do they necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. The figure for Canadian oil reserves includes an official estimate of Canadian
oil sands ‘under active development’. Oil includes gas condensate and natural gas liquids as well as crude oil.
For the purposes of this table, shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.
6
Proved reserves at end 2005
Thousand million barrels
Middle East
742.7
S. & Cent. America
103.5
North America
59.5
Asia Pacific
40.2
Europe & Eurasia
140.5
Africa
114.3
Distribution of proved reserves in 1985, 1995 and 2005
Percentage
5.0%
3.8%
8.7%
64.4%
3.4%
61.9%
8.6%
5.1%
56.0%
13.2%
8.2%
9.5%
7.0%
8.2%
11.7%
7.9%
7.4%
10.2%
1985 total 770.4
Thousand million barrels
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
2005 total 1200.7
Thousand million barrels
1995 total 1027.0
Thousand million barrels
Africa
S. & Cent. America
North America
Asia Pacific
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
7
Production*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
8322
2402
3065
13789
8295
2480
3277
14052
8269
2588
3410
14267
8011
2672
3499
14182
7731
2604
3343
13678
7733
2721
3450
13904
7669
2677
3560
13906
7626
2858
3585
14069
7400
3004
3789
14193
7228
3085
3824
14137
6830
3047
3759
13636
–5.5%
–1.3%
–1.6%
– 3.5%
8.0%
3.7%
4.8%
16.5%
758
718
591
395
123
142
2959
96
5782
823
807
635
393
121
141
3137
102
6159
877
868
667
397
120
135
3321
108
6493
890
1003
775
385
116
134
3480
125
6908
847
1133
838
383
107
141
3126
124
6699
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3141
137
6721
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2916
152
6640
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2607
153
6367
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2972
144
6745
725
1718
549
541
111
171
3007
142
6964
– 3.9%
11.1%
– 0.4%
1.1%
11.5%
13.6%
1.1%
– 2.4%
3.0%
0.9%
2.2%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
4.0%
0.2%
9.0%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
185
186
101
434
2903
145
6288
84
2749
172
575
13822
183
208
104
474
3232
142
6114
90
2735
174
546
14003
185
230
114
536
3280
141
6227
108
2702
182
524
14228
230
238
108
537
3138
137
6169
129
2807
191
506
14190
278
299
96
631
3139
133
6178
143
2909
191
474
14472
281
363
88
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
466
14942
300
348
79
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
466
15443
311
371
106
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16281
313
368
107
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16965
317
390
105
1297
3188
119
9287
193
2028
152
496
17572
452 42.8%
377 – 3.3%
118 12.2%
1364
4.3%
2969 – 7.5%
114 – 4.5%
9551
2.7%
192 – 0.5%
1808 –11.0%
126 –16.9%
463 – 6.8%
17534 – 0.3%
0.6%
0.5%
0.2%
1.6%
3.5%
0.1%
12.1%
0.2%
2.2%
0.1%
0.6%
21.7%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
3744
530
2130
868
461
9127
596
2362
351
52
20222
3759
580
2129
897
568
9265
586
2438
357
50
20628
3776
1166
2137
909
719
9481
577
2567
375
50
21758
3855
2126
2176
905
747
9544
576
2643
380
49
23001
3603
2541
2000
911
797
8911
579
2511
405
48
22306
3818
2583
2104
959
855
9511
548
2626
450
48
23501
3730
2376
2070
961
854
9263
581
2534
455
47
22871
3414
2035
1995
900
783
8970
545
2324
457
48
21471
3999
1339
2329
823
917
10222
562
2611
448
48
23296
4081
2010
2481
785
990
10588
529
2656
420
48
24588
4049 –0.8%
1820 –9.5%
2643
6.5%
780 – 0.6%
1097
9.0%
11035
4.3%
469 –11.4%
2751
3.7%
426
1.3%
48
25119
2.0%
5.1%
2.3%
3.3%
1.0%
1.3%
13.5%
0.6%
3.3%
0.5%
0.1%
31.0%
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
1327
633
106
–
180
924
7
356
1439
1998
2
90
51
7112
1386
716
110
–
200
894
17
365
1452
2145
5
89
62
7441
1421
741
124
–
225
873
62
364
1489
2316
9
81
64
7768
1461
731
105
–
264
857
85
337
1480
2167
12
83
63
7644
1515
745
95
–
293
827
96
340
1425
2066
63
84
56
7606
1578
746
88
–
275
781
117
327
1469
2155
174
78
56
7844
1562
742
81
–
271
758
173
301
1421
2274
211
71
53
7918
1680
905
75
–
258
751
210
295
1374
2103
233
75
63
8022
1852
885
68
24
243
749
234
240
1486
2263
255
68
71
8438
1946
986
62
168
240
721
329
235
1607
2502
325
72
75
9266
2015
1242
58
173
253
696
355
234
1702
2580
379
74
72
9835
3.8%
26.0%
– 6.1%
3.0%
5.5%
– 3.9%
7.9%
– 0.2%
5.9%
3.1%
16.6%
3.4%
– 3.0%
6.2%
2.2%
1.6%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.1%
3.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
12.0%
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
583
175
2989
804
1578
775
87
155
230
7375
619
165
3170
778
1580
773
97
179
245
7607
669
163
3211
800
1557
777
116
205
229
7727
644
157
3212
787
1520
779
121
245
217
7684
625
182
3213
788
1408
751
132
296
218
7613
809
193
3252
780
1456
754
164
328
200
7936
733
203
3306
780
1389
748
174
350
195
7877
731
210
3346
801
1288
785
191
354
193
7899
624
214
3401
798
1183
831
223
364
195
7832
541
211
3481
816
1152
857
220
427
186
7890
554
206
3627
784
1136
827
276
392
199
8000
2.0%
– 2.0%
4.2%
– 4.1%
–1.4%
– 4.3%
25.2%
– 8.2%
6.9%
1.2%
0.6%
0.3%
4.6%
0.9%
1.4%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
9.8%
68102
20734
27654
33151
7297
69889
21355
28438
34280
7171
72241
21660
29950
34915
7377
73608
21492
31198
35020
7391
72373
21095
29903
34919
7551
74941
21514
31393
35535
8013
74736
21297
30614
35463
8659
74382
21422
28882
35968
9533
77091
21156
30806
35787
10499
80198
20716
32985
35805
11409
81088
19763
33836
35408
11844
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
TOTAL WORLD
of which: OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (natural gas liquids – the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately).
Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures rather than thousand barrels daily.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
8
1.0% 100.0%
– 4.7% 23.8%
2.5% 41.7%
–1.1% 43.4%
3.7% 14.8%
Production*
Million tonnes
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
383.6
111.9
150.5
646.0
382.1
115.5
162.6
660.1
380.0
120.7
169.7
670.4
368.1
125.1
173.5
666.7
352.6
121.0
165.2
638.8
352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
349.2
126.1
176.6
651.9
346.9
135.0
178.4
660.2
338.4
142.7
188.8
669.8
329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
310.2
145.2
187.1
642.5
– 5.5%
–1.3%
–1.6%
– 3.5%
8.0%
3.7%
4.8%
16.5%
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
37.5
35.5
29.5
20.1
6.1
7.0
152.4
4.6
292.8
40.8
40.2
31.8
20.0
6.0
7.0
162.2
5.0
312.9
43.4
43.1
33.2
20.2
5.9
6.7
171.4
5.3
329.1
44.0
49.8
38.5
19.6
5.7
6.7
179.6
6.2
350.0
41.8
56.3
41.6
19.5
5.2
7.0
160.9
6.2
338.4
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.8
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
149.9
7.8
335.3
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
134.2
7.8
321.1
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
153.4
7.3
341.3
36.2
84.7
27.1
27.6
4.9
8.3
154.7
7.1
350.6
– 3.9%
11.1%
– 0.4%
1.1%
11.5%
13.6%
1.1%
– 2.4%
3.0%
0.9%
2.2%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
4.0%
0.2%
9.0%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
9.2
9.1
5.2
20.6
138.4
7.0
310.8
4.1
129.9
7.6
27.6
669.4
9.1
10.2
5.5
23.0
154.7
6.9
302.9
4.4
129.7
7.6
26.3
680.0
9.2
11.2
6.0
25.8
156.2
6.8
307.4
5.4
127.9
7.9
25.1
688.7
11.4
11.6
5.6
25.9
149.6
6.6
304.3
6.4
132.6
8.2
24.2
686.5
13.8
14.6
5.0
30.1
149.7
6.4
304.8
7.1
137.4
8.1
22.7
699.6
14.0
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
14.9
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.7
786.0
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
15.7
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
850.2
22.4 42.8%
18.4 – 3.3%
6.1 12.2%
63.0
4.3%
138.2 – 7.5%
5.4 – 4.5%
470.0
2.7%
9.5 – 0.5%
84.7 –11.0%
5.5 –16.9%
21.8 – 6.8%
845.0 – 0.3%
0.6%
0.5%
0.2%
1.6%
3.5%
0.1%
12.1%
0.2%
2.2%
0.1%
0.6%
21.7%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
185.5
26.0
104.9
42.8
21.1
438.5
29.6
111.5
16.7
2.4
978.9
186.6
28.6
105.1
44.4
26.2
446.3
29.2
115.1
16.9
2.3
1000.7
187.0
57.1
105.1
44.9
33.3
455.2
28.7
120.5
17.7
2.3
1051.8
190.8
104.4
107.2
44.7
34.3
457.7
28.6
123.9
18.0
2.3
1111.9
178.1
124.9
98.3
45.0
36.0
426.2
28.8
117.6
19.2
2.2
1076.2
189.4
127.3
103.9
47.6
38.7
457.6
27.3
123.3
21.3
2.2
1138.6
184.4
116.7
101.9
47.5
38.4
442.9
28.9
118.3
21.5
2.2
1102.8
168.6
99.9
98.2
44.5
35.1
427.3
27.1
108.5
21.6
2.2
1033.0
197.9
65.7
114.8
40.7
41.2
487.9
28.0
122.2
21.1
2.2
1121.7
202.6
99.2
122.5
38.9
44.9
506.1
26.4
124.7
19.9
2.2
1187.3
200.4 –0.8%
89.5 – 9.5%
130.1
6.5%
38.5 – 0.6%
48.8
9.0%
526.2
4.3%
23.3 –11.4%
129.0
3.7%
20.1
1.3%
2.2
1208.1
2.0%
5.1%
2.3%
3.3%
1.0%
1.3%
13.5%
0.6%
3.3%
0.5%
0.1%
31.0%
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
56.6
31.2
5.4
–
9.3
46.6
0.3
17.8
67.9
97.5
0.1
4.3
2.5
339.3
59.3
35.4
5.6
–
10.4
45.1
0.8
18.3
68.6
105.0
0.2
4.2
3.0
355.9
60.3
36.5
6.3
–
11.6
43.8
3.1
18.2
70.0
113.2
0.4
3.8
3.1
370.4
61.8
36.0
5.3
–
13.6
43.0
4.2
16.9
69.6
106.0
0.6
3.9
3.0
363.9
63.9
36.7
4.8
–
15.1
41.4
4.8
17.0
67.0
100.8
3.1
4.0
2.7
361.2
66.8
36.9
4.5
–
14.2
38.8
5.8
16.4
69.3
105.4
8.6
3.7
2.7
373.0
65.8
36.6
4.1
–
14.0
37.3
8.6
15.0
66.8
110.8
10.4
3.4
2.5
375.2
70.9
44.6
3.8
–
13.3
37.0
10.4
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.5
3.5
3.0
379.6
79.0
43.6
3.5
1.3
12.5
36.8
11.6
12.0
69.9
110.3
12.6
3.2
3.5
399.6
83.6
48.7
3.2
8.8
12.4
35.4
16.3
11.8
75.8
121.9
16.1
3.4
3.6
441.0
86.5
61.2
3.0
9.1
13.1
33.9
17.6
11.7
80.1
125.4
18.7
3.5
3.5
467.1
3.8%
26.0%
– 6.1%
3.0%
5.5%
– 3.9%
7.9%
– 0.2%
5.9%
3.1%
16.6%
3.4%
– 3.0%
6.2%
2.2%
1.6%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.1%
3.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
12.0%
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
25.4
8.5
149.0
37.8
76.5
35.6
3.4
7.7
10.8
354.5
26.9
8.0
158.5
36.3
76.7
35.6
3.8
8.9
11.5
366.3
28.8
7.9
160.1
37.3
75.7
35.5
4.5
10.1
10.6
370.5
27.4
7.6
160.2
36.5
74.2
35.7
4.7
12.1
10.1
368.7
26.7
8.9
160.2
36.5
68.6
34.3
5.2
14.6
10.2
365.1
35.3
9.4
162.6
36.1
71.5
34.3
6.6
16.2
9.4
381.5
31.8
9.9
164.8
36.0
68.0
33.8
7.0
17.1
9.1
377.5
31.6
10.2
166.9
37.0
63.0
35.4
7.8
17.3
9.0
378.0
26.6
10.5
169.6
36.9
57.7
37.4
9.2
17.7
9.1
374.5
23.0
10.3
174.1
37.9
55.9
38.5
9.0
20.8
8.7
378.1
23.3
10.1
180.8
36.2
55.0
36.8
11.2
19.1
9.2
381.7
2.0%
– 2.0%
4.2%
– 4.1%
–1.4%
– 4.3%
25.2%
– 8.2%
6.9%
1.2%
0.6%
0.3%
4.6%
0.9%
1.4%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
9.8%
3280.9
974.4
1338.3
1584.2
358.4
3375.9
1006.5
1379.7
1642.9
353.3
3480.9
1019.4
1448.9
1670.0
362.0
3547.6
1011.5
1509.4
1675.6
362.5
3479.3
988.9
1442.3
1667.1
369.9
3613.8
1011.1
1520.4
1700.0
393.3
3593.7
999.6
1475.6
1693.6
424.5
3572.0
1005.4
1388.2
1717.6
466.2
3705.8
995.6
1480.8
1711.4
513.6
3865.3
976.0
1590.5
1716.2
558.6
3895.0
927.7
1625.5
1692.0
577.4
TOTAL WORLD
of which: OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
1.0% 100.0%
– 4.7% 23.8%
2.5% 41.7%
–1.1% 43.4%
3.7% 14.8%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (natural gas liquids – the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately).
Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
9
Production by area
Million barrels daily
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
80
81
82
83
North America
84
85
86
87
S. & Cent. America
88
89
90
Europe & Eurasia
91
92
93
Middle East
94
95
Africa
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
Asia Pacific
Oil production rose by 900,000b/d in 2005. OPEC accounted for virtually all the net increase. Russian production growth slowed. Growth in Angola, Brazil and China
helped offset declines in Norway and the UK. US output also declined, in part owing to hurricane-related outages.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
Years
50
100
40
80
30
60
20
40
10
20
0
81
83
World
85
87
89
91
North America
93
95
97
99
S. & Cent. America
01
03
05
Europe & Eurasia
0
Middle East
05
05
Africa
05
05
05
05
Asia Pacific
The world’s oil R/P ratio declined slightly in 2005 to 40.6 years from 40.7 in 2004, although reserves continued to increase. Iran and Russia accounted for most of the
increase. Reserves were 17% higher than the 1995 level; production was 19% higher.
10
05
Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
17725
1776
1650
21150
18309
1818
1666
21793
18621
1888
1767
22275
18917
1913
1844
22674
19519
1926
1842
23286
19701
1937
1884
23522
19649
2023
1899
23571
19761
2067
1837
23665
20033
2132
1885
24050
20732
2248
1898
24877
20655
2241
1978
24875
– 0.2%
– 0.2%
3.3%
0.1%
24.6%
2.6%
2.3%
29.5%
415
1498
209
260
112
150
446
1042
4133
432
1601
228
268
125
155
426
1062
4297
451
1729
242
272
142
154
452
1094
4535
467
1800
247
266
145
155
475
1124
4680
445
1879
249
238
131
159
474
1129
4704
431
1855
236
232
129
155
496
1126
4661
405
1896
230
245
132
148
545
1138
4739
364
1853
228
222
131
147
594
1149
4688
372
1785
229
222
137
140
479
1173
4537
394
1776
244
223
144
152
525
1188
4647
421
1819
257
230
148
139
553
1208
4776
7.6%
2.4%
5.5%
3.7%
2.7%
– 9.6%
5.3%
1.6%
2.8%
0.5%
2.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
5.8%
234
130
209
546
115
169
217
208
1893
2882
361
159
16
118
1987
249
64
828
212
321
272
274
3025
69
1177
338
253
610
58
401
1757
138
415
19703
242
116
197
606
116
177
235
216
1930
2921
372
148
16
124
1956
210
66
810
218
368
259
260
2686
71
1221
362
261
635
65
297
1798
135
462
19555
246
110
179
629
92
170
229
213
1948
2913
379
150
18
136
1969
213
66
856
223
391
293
276
2689
72
1290
336
276
646
67
292
1752
145
474
19738
255
116
175
656
100
174
223
221
2016
2915
374
157
18
152
1974
176
76
854
215
424
322
242
2554
80
1381
338
279
640
75
302
1741
146
459
19826
250
111
154
670
93
174
222
224
2044
2824
383
151
18
172
1980
147
63
880
216
431
330
195
2625
73
1423
337
271
638
80
272
1721
143
425
19742
244
123
143
702
84
169
215
224
2007
2763
406
145
19
170
1956
158
49
897
201
427
324
203
2583
73
1452
318
263
677
79
255
1697
138
402
19564
265
81
149
669
87
178
205
222
2023
2804
411
142
18
185
1946
186
56
942
213
415
327
217
2566
68
1508
318
281
645
83
273
1697
135
427
19743
271
74
145
691
88
174
200
226
1967
2714
414
140
19
182
1943
193
53
952
208
420
338
226
2606
76
1526
317
267
656
86
278
1693
130
453
19726
293
86
152
748
98
185
193
239
1965
2664
404
132
18
178
1927
183
51
962
219
435
317
199
2645
71
1559
332
259
668
95
286
1717
148
475
19903
285
92
153
785
102
203
189
224
1978
2634
435
136
20
185
1873
188
54
1003
210
460
322
230
2714
68
1593
319
258
688
103
293
1764
155
482
20195
294
3.4%
103 11.3%
137 –10.4%
809
3.1%
109
6.7%
211
4.1%
189
0.2%
233
4.2%
1961 – 0.7%
2586 –1.7%
429 –1.5%
151 10.6%
19 – 2.4%
196
5.4%
1809 – 3.5%
208 11.4%
57
4.0%
1071
7.7%
213
1.8%
478
4.1%
320 – 0.5%
240
4.5%
2753
1.4%
73
9.6%
1618
1.7%
315 –1.2%
262
2.1%
650 – 5.9%
110
6.8%
294
0.4%
1790
1.7%
161
4.3%
502
4.4%
20350
0.9%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
3.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
2.2%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.4%
0.1%
2.1%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.6%
25.1%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1227
130
36
1272
349
1227
4240
1292
126
38
1336
347
1232
4370
1269
139
41
1391
345
1272
4457
1221
180
43
1492
283
1303
4522
1243
202
42
1504
271
1337
4599
1319
202
44
1536
255
1379
4735
1331
206
54
1551
292
1421
4854
1429
222
79
1572
320
1425
5047
1513
238
77
1684
333
1394
5238
1575
266
84
1805
355
1407
5492
1659
280
98
1891
376
1436
5739
5.4%
5.2%
17.1%
4.5%
5.5%
1.9%
4.4%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
2.3%
0.5%
1.8%
7.1%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
198
474
427
1099
2198
187
501
437
1114
2239
187
531
445
1145
2308
194
559
451
1185
2389
187
573
462
1226
2449
192
564
475
1226
2458
200
548
488
1239
2475
222
534
501
1254
2511
231
550
513
1274
2568
240
567
523
1315
2646
254
616
529
1363
2763
6.0%
9.3%
0.6%
3.6%
4.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.6%
1.7%
3.4%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
781
59
3395
198
1580
820
5784
381
125
315
344
617
2009
713
717
245
18081
794
60
3702
194
1700
888
5813
405
127
329
360
586
2144
717
776
281
18872
823
69
4179
192
1828
963
5762
431
131
339
389
630
2373
741
785
298
19929
825
76
4228
184
1963
914
5525
407
131
350
392
651
2030
766
736
324
19503
843
68
4477
193
2134
980
5618
439
134
363
375
619
2178
820
734
331
20307
837
66
4772
201
2254
1049
5577
441
134
373
348
654
2229
816
725
363
20839
845
80
4872
243
2284
1088
5435
448
136
366
347
716
2235
819
701
383
20998
846
80
5288
268
2374
1115
5359
489
141
357
332
699
2282
844
766
406
21644
851
78
5803
269
2420
1132
5455
480
148
321
330
668
2300
868
836
400
22359
856
80
6772
314
2573
1150
5286
493
150
325
336
748
2283
880
913
427
23586
884
82
6988
285
2485
1168
5360
477
152
353
314
826
2308
884
946
445
23957
2.7%
2.8%
2.9%
– 9.6%
– 3.5%
1.4%
1.4%
– 3.3%
1.1%
8.8%
– 6.9%
11.0%
0.8%
0.2%
4.0%
4.3%
1.5%
1.0%
0.1%
8.5%
0.4%
3.0%
1.4%
6.4%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.1%
2.7%
1.1%
1.2%
0.5%
29.1%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
69506
13766
44475
4410
20621
71126
14060
45616
3910
21600
73244
14209
46498
3890
22855
73594
14503
46592
3741
23261
75087
14522
47492
3700
23895
75779
14402
47646
3623
24511
76379
14553
47704
3627
25048
77280
14471
47687
3667
25926
78655
14546
48289
3752
26614
81444
14687
49082
3861
28501
82459
14772
49254
3936
29270
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
1.3% 100.0%
0.7% 18.3%
0.4% 59.2%
1.9%
4.9%
2.6% 36.0%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures rather than thousand barrels daily.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 8 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and
substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
11
Consumption*
Million tonnes
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
807.7
79.8
73.2
960.8
836.5
82.1
75.6
994.3
848.0
85.2
79.1
1012.3
863.8
86.7
82.8
1033.3
888.9
87.2
82.4
1058.4
897.6
88.1
85.7
1071.4
896.1
90.5
85.0
1071.6
897.4
92.2
81.5
1071.1
912.3
95.9
83.7
1091.8
948.8
100.6
85.2
1134.6
944.6
100.1
87.8
1132.6
– 0.2%
– 0.2%
3.3%
0.1%
24.6%
2.6%
2.3%
29.5%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
19.5
69.2
9.7
11.8
5.1
7.2
20.0
51.1
193.6
20.4
74.1
10.6
12.2
5.7
7.4
19.0
52.2
201.7
21.2
79.9
11.2
12.3
6.5
7.3
20.4
53.7
212.5
22.1
83.2
11.4
12.0
6.6
7.4
21.6
55.1
219.4
21.0
85.7
11.5
10.6
6.0
7.5
21.3
55.3
219.0
20.3
85.8
10.8
10.5
5.8
7.4
22.5
55.2
218.2
19.1
87.5
10.5
11.1
5.9
7.0
24.8
55.6
221.5
17.1
85.5
10.4
10.0
5.9
6.9
27.0
56.1
219.0
17.6
82.0
10.5
10.0
6.2
6.5
22.0
57.2
212.0
18.7
81.9
11.3
10.1
6.4
7.2
24.2
58.1
217.9
20.1
83.6
11.9
10.4
6.6
6.4
25.4
58.8
223.3
7.6%
2.4%
5.5%
3.7%
2.7%
– 9.6%
5.3%
1.6%
2.8%
0.5%
2.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
5.8%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
11.3
6.6
10.4
26.4
5.6
8.0
10.5
9.9
89.0
135.1
17.6
7.7
0.8
5.7
95.5
12.0
3.2
38.0
9.6
14.9
13.0
13.5
146.1
3.2
56.3
16.1
11.8
28.4
2.7
18.9
81.9
6.8
20.3
936.9
11.6
5.9
9.8
29.4
5.6
8.4
11.4
10.3
91.0
137.4
18.2
7.1
0.8
6.0
94.2
10.2
3.3
37.4
10.1
17.2
12.2
13.0
130.1
3.4
58.7
17.4
12.2
29.8
3.0
14.2
83.9
6.6
22.4
932.1
11.9
5.6
8.8
30.3
4.4
8.0
11.1
10.2
91.7
136.5
18.4
7.1
0.9
6.6
94.6
10.3
3.3
39.5
10.3
18.2
13.9
13.7
129.1
3.4
62.0
16.1
12.8
30.0
3.1
13.8
81.3
7.1
22.8
936.4
12.3
5.9
8.6
31.6
4.8
8.3
10.7
10.5
95.0
136.6
18.2
7.4
0.9
7.4
94.7
8.5
3.8
39.4
10.0
19.9
15.5
12.0
123.7
3.8
66.4
16.2
13.0
29.6
3.4
14.3
80.7
7.1
22.1
942.0
12.1
5.7
7.6
32.4
4.5
8.2
10.6
10.7
96.4
132.4
18.7
7.1
0.9
8.3
94.4
7.0
3.1
40.6
10.1
19.9
15.9
9.5
126.2
3.4
68.4
16.1
12.6
29.5
3.6
12.7
79.4
6.9
20.6
935.3
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
3.9
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
0.9
8.2
93.5
7.4
2.4
41.7
9.4
20.0
15.5
10.0
123.5
3.4
70.0
15.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
6.7
19.4
927.9
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.0
8.3
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
0.9
9.0
92.8
8.9
2.7
43.7
9.7
19.2
15.8
10.6
122.3
3.2
72.7
15.2
13.1
29.9
3.7
12.7
78.4
6.5
20.6
934.3
13.0
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.1
8.2
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.2
6.4
0.9
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
43.8
9.4
19.4
16.2
10.6
123.5
3.5
73.8
15.2
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.1
78.0
6.3
21.8
933.0
14.1
4.3
7.4
36.4
4.5
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.6
6.1
0.9
8.5
92.1
8.8
2.4
44.1
9.9
19.9
15.2
9.4
124.7
3.3
75.5
15.9
12.1
31.2
4.2
13.5
79.0
7.2
22.9
940.8
13.8
4.6
7.5
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.3
6.3
1.0
8.9
89.7
9.0
2.6
46.2
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
128.5
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
32.0
4.6
13.9
81.7
7.5
23.3
957.6
14.2
3.4%
5.1 11.3%
6.7 –10.4%
39.5
3.1%
5.0
6.7%
9.9
4.1%
9.1
0.2%
11.0
4.2%
93.1 – 0.7%
121.5 –1.7%
20.9 –1.5%
7.0 10.6%
0.9 – 2.4%
9.4
5.4%
86.3 – 3.5%
10.0 11.4%
2.7
4.0%
49.6
7.7%
9.8
1.8%
21.9
4.1%
15.3 – 0.5%
11.3
4.5%
130.0
1.4%
3.5
9.6%
78.8
1.7%
15.1 –1.2%
12.2
2.1%
30.0 – 5.9%
4.9
6.8%
13.9
0.4%
82.9
1.7%
7.8
4.3%
24.3
4.4%
963.3
0.9%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
3.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
2.2%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.4%
0.1%
2.1%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.6%
25.1%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
59.6
6.5
1.4
58.6
18.0
59.5
203.5
62.8
6.3
1.5
61.9
17.9
60.0
210.4
61.5
6.9
1.7
64.0
17.8
61.7
213.5
59.0
9.1
1.7
68.7
14.4
63.2
216.0
60.0
10.3
1.7
69.8
13.7
64.8
220.2
63.5
10.4
1.7
71.6
12.8
66.9
226.9
63.5
10.5
2.1
71.9
14.6
68.7
231.4
67.9
11.4
3.2
72.7
15.9
68.9
239.9
71.8
12.2
3.0
77.7
16.3
67.4
248.3
74.6
13.7
3.3
83.7
17.4
68.1
260.7
78.4
14.4
3.8
87.2
18.3
69.2
271.3
5.4%
5.2%
17.1%
4.5%
5.5%
1.9%
4.4%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
2.3%
0.5%
1.8%
7.1%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
8.4
23.3
20.1
51.9
103.7
8.1
24.6
20.7
52.7
106.1
8.0
26.0
21.0
54.0
108.9
8.2
27.3
21.3
55.9
112.7
8.1
27.8
21.8
57.9
115.6
8.5
27.2
22.5
57.9
116.2
8.8
26.1
23.0
58.3
116.2
9.7
25.2
23.6
58.9
117.5
10.1
25.9
24.2
59.8
120.1
10.6
26.8
24.8
61.9
124.2
11.2
29.2
24.9
64.0
129.3
6.0%
9.3%
0.6%
3.6%
4.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.6%
1.7%
3.4%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
35.3
2.9
160.2
9.5
75.2
39.1
267.6
17.9
5.8
15.8
16.8
32.0
94.8
34.7
34.7
11.7
854.0
35.9
2.9
173.8
9.3
81.1
42.4
268.8
19.0
5.9
16.6
17.5
30.3
101.4
34.8
37.5
13.5
890.8
37.0
3.3
196.0
9.2
86.5
45.9
265.0
20.2
6.1
17.0
18.8
32.4
111.4
36.0
37.8
14.3
937.1
37.0
3.7
197.0
8.8
92.5
43.5
253.6
19.0
6.1
17.6
19.1
33.3
93.9
37.2
35.4
15.6
913.4
38.0
3.3
209.6
9.3
100.3
46.8
257.3
20.3
6.3
18.2
18.0
31.6
100.7
39.9
35.4
15.9
950.8
37.7
3.2
223.6
9.7
106.1
50.2
255.5
20.4
6.2
18.8
16.6
33.5
103.2
39.8
34.8
17.5
976.7
38.1
3.9
227.9
11.7
107.0
51.9
247.5
20.6
6.3
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
39.2
33.1
18.4
980.0
38.0
3.9
247.4
12.9
111.3
53.1
243.6
22.5
6.5
17.9
15.6
35.5
104.7
40.1
36.4
19.4
1008.5
38.3
3.8
271.7
13.0
113.1
53.9
248.9
22.2
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
41.1
40.0
19.0
1042.6
38.8
3.9
318.9
15.3
120.2
54.7
241.4
22.8
7.0
16.0
15.8
38.1
104.9
41.7
44.0
20.3
1103.6
39.7
4.0
327.3
13.8
115.7
55.3
244.2
22.0
7.0
17.4
14.7
42.2
105.5
41.6
45.6
21.1
1116.9
2.7%
2.8%
2.9%
– 9.6%
– 3.5%
1.4%
1.4%
– 3.3%
1.1%
8.8%
– 6.9%
11.0%
0.8%
0.2%
4.0%
4.3%
1.5%
1.0%
0.1%
8.5%
0.4%
3.0%
1.4%
6.4%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.1%
2.7%
1.1%
1.2%
0.5%
29.1%
3252.4
651.5
2055.1
213.4
983.9
3335.4
667.1
2114.3
189.9
1031.2
3420.7
672.0
2146.3
187.2
1087.2
3436.9
686.5
2151.9
181.1
1103.9
3499.3
686.3
2188.7
177.8
1132.8
3537.2
682.6
2199.8
173.2
1164.2
3554.9
688.4
2197.6
172.6
1184.7
3589.0
684.6
2190.9
174.1
1224.0
3655.6
688.2
2223.0
177.3
1255.3
3798.6
697.3
2267.3
183.2
1348.1
3836.8
700.4
2270.7
186.3
1379.9
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
1.3% 100.0%
0.7% 18.3%
0.4% 59.2%
1.9%
4.9%
2.6% 36.0%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 9 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and
substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
12
Consumption by area
Million barrels daily
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
80
81
82
83
North America
84
85
86
S. & Cent. America
87
88
89
Europe & Eurasia
90
91
92
Middle East
93
94
Africa
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
Asia Pacific
Oil consumption growth slowed to 1 million b/d in 2005, below the 10-year average. Chinese consumption growth dropped from 1 million b/d in 2004 to 200,000b/d
in 2005. Oil use fell in three of the six largest consuming countries: the USA, Germany and India.
Consumption per capita
Tonnes
tonnes per capita
0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
13
Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
44.1%
28.9%
5.6%
21.4%
100.0%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
9235
5934
1336
4645
21150
9389
6193
1348
4863
21793
9560
6398
1351
4967
22275
9849
6450
1506
4869
22674
9998
6628
1415
5245
23286
10106
6811
1518
5086
23522
10211
6812
1411
5137
23571
10523
6655
1209
5278
23665
10675
6861
1271
5243
24050
10979
7133
1340
5425
24877
10970
7188
1390
5326
24875
– 0.1%
0.8%
3.7%
–1.8%
of which: USA
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total USA
8025
5132
835
3733
17725
8167
5342
831
3969
18309
8324
5502
777
4017
18621
8579
5545
869
3924
18917
8716
5700
814
4290
19519
8813
5852
893
4143
19701
8890
5884
794
4082
19649
9167
5735
686
4172
19761
9275
5886
763
4109
20033
9518
6116
859
4239
20732
9495
6137
907
4116
20655
– 0.2% 46.0%
0.3% 29.7%
5.7%
4.4%
– 2.9% 19.9%
– 0.4% 100.0%
1149
1474
734
777
4133
1187
1535
768
807
4297
1257
1623
827
829
4535
1274
1698
850
858
4680
1387
1684
740
895
4704
1274
1681
788
918
4661
1256
1722
751
1011
4739
1233
1719
732
1003
4688
1215
1723
690
909
4537
1184
1825
691
947
4647
1227
1872
704
973
4776
3.7% 25.7%
2.6% 39.2%
1.9% 14.7%
2.8% 20.4%
2.8% 100.0%
4195
6050
2283
2765
15293
4223
6371
2260
2792
15645
4282
6428
2206
2932
15848
4315
6630
2195
2946
16086
4314
6690
2093
2945
16042
4194
6734
1967
3047
15942
4085
6991
1987
3052
16116
4026
6935
1996
3103
16059
3923
7138
1953
3137
16151
3870
7360
1896
3208
16334
3758
7572
1882
3203
16415
– 2.9% 22.9%
2.9% 46.1%
– 0.7% 11.5%
– 0.2% 19.5%
0.5% 100.0%
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
941
1188
1359
922
4410
892
1084
1143
791
3910
922
1095
1033
840
3890
893
1026
1046
775
3741
858
1022
937
882
3700
797
1008
765
1053
3623
851
1021
693
1062
3627
882
1048
670
1066
3667
917
1087
670
1078
3752
903
1113
684
1161
3861
923
1146
699
1168
3936
2.2% 23.4%
3.0% 29.1%
2.1% 17.8%
0.6% 29.7%
1.9% 100.0%
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
762
1443
1233
801
4240
789
1475
1261
845
4370
829
1472
1275
881
4457
849
1471
1267
936
4522
859
1502
1316
923
4599
909
1565
1312
948
4735
949
1619
1326
960
4854
1011
1667
1335
1034
5047
1053
1715
1338
1132
5238
1134
1751
1415
1192
5492
1210
1816
1473
1240
5739
6.6% 21.1%
3.7% 31.6%
4.1% 25.7%
4.1% 21.6%
4.5% 100.0%
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
554
866
436
342
2198
552
894
444
350
2239
559
924
462
364
2308
568
960
485
376
2389
574
1002
485
388
2449
577
1029
457
395
2458
587
1048
433
407
2475
590
1078
415
427
2511
599
1110
421
438
2568
613
1134
444
455
2646
631
1180
477
475
2763
2.8% 22.8%
4.1% 42.7%
7.5% 17.3%
4.4% 17.2%
4.4% 100.0%
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
4400
6727
3866
3088
18081
4685
7180
3769
3238
18872
5132
7480
3818
3499
19929
5240
7188
3592
3483
19503
5416
7633
3627
3631
20307
5543
7765
3574
3956
20839
5650
7916
3413
4019
20998
5927
8050
3339
4327
21644
6154
8171
3462
4571
22359
6494
8650
3486
4956
23586
6600
8810
3526
5021
23957
1.6% 27.5%
1.9% 36.8%
1.1% 14.7%
1.3% 21.0%
1.6% 100.0%
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
1010
1011
679
696
3395
1140
1093
688
781
3702
1253
1245
736
944
4179
1280
1241
741
967
4228
1249
1467
771
990
4477
1270
1590
775
1136
4772
1256
1669
780
1167
4872
1352
1791
792
1352
5288
1489
1945
880
1489
5803
1673
2285
956
1858
6772
1749
2425
899
1915
6988
4.6% 25.0%
6.1% 34.7%
– 6.0% 12.9%
3.0% 27.4%
3.2% 100.0%
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
1548
1971
1135
1130
5784
1576
2027
1067
1142
5813
1646
1991
977
1148
5762
1611
1949
879
1086
5525
1702
1978
861
1078
5618
1735
1958
804
1079
5577
1720
1957
690
1067
5435
1759
1930
649
1021
5359
1788
1904
770
993
5455
1793
1861
672
960
5286
1819
1880
698
962
5360
1.5% 33.9%
1.0% 35.1%
3.9% 13.0%
0.3% 18.0%
1.4% 100.0%
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
21236
23682
11248
13339
21717
24732
10992
13685
22541
25420
10971
14311
22988
25423
10940
14243
23405
26160
10613
14908
23400
26593
10381
15405
23588
27130
10014
15648
24192
27153
9696
16239
24536
27804
9807
16508
25178
28966
9956
17344
25319
29584
10150
17406
0.6%
2.1%
2.0%
0.4%
TOTAL WORLD
European Union 25
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
69506
71126
73244
73594
75087
75779
76379
77280
78655
81444
82459
1.2% 100.0%
3847
5488
1983
2448
3870
5768
1952
2470
3908
5838
1895
2567
3929
6008
1967
2599
3957
6096
1856
2613
3858
6146
1720
2678
3757
6373
1724
2698
3688
6316
1740
2728
3599
6495
1700
2753
3525
6687
1668
2806
3428
6859
1689
2797
Total European Union 25
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
13766
14060
14209
14503
14522
14402
14553
14471
14546
14687
14772
15721
14777
5115
8862
15968
15468
5036
9145
16415
15738
4904
9442
16728
15751
4831
9283
17028
16110
4671
9683
17069
16279
4642
9656
17064
16530
4416
9694
17391
16296
4175
9826
17502
16682
4309
9796
17759
17109
4218
9995
17684
17388
4266
9916
Total OECD
Other EMEs‡
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
44475
45616
46498
46592
47492
47646
47704
47687
48289
49082
49254
0.4% 100.0%
4574
7717
4773
3556
4857
8180
4813
3750
5204
8587
5034
4030
5367
8646
5063
4185
5519
9028
5005
4342
5534
9306
4975
4696
5674
9578
4904
4891
5919
9809
4852
5347
6117
10035
4828
5634
6516
10744
5053
6188
6712
11050
5185
6323
3.0%
2.8%
2.6%
2.2%
Total Other EMEs
20621
21600
22855
23261
23895
24511
25048
25926
26614
28501
29270
2.7% 100.0%
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
– 2.8%
2.6%
1.2%
–0.3%
23.2%
46.4%
11.4%
19.0%
0.6% 100.0%
– 0.4%
1.6%
1.1%
– 0.8%
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: For the purposes of this table, annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF). ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes and gas and diesel oils
(including marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, LPGs, solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants,
bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.
14
30.7%
35.9%
12.3%
21.1%
35.9%
35.3%
8.7%
20.1%
22.9%
37.8%
17.7%
21.6%
Product consumption by region
Light distillates (million barrels daily)
Middle distillates (million barrels daily)
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
0
95
96
97
98
Fuel oil (million barrels daily)
Others (million barrels daily)
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
95
96
97
North America
98
99
00
01
S. & Cent. America
02
Europe
03
04
05
Former Soviet Union
0
95
Middle East
96
97
Africa
98
99
99
00
00
01
01
02
02
03
03
04
05
04
05
Asia Pacific
Light distillates consumption growth was weak owing to declines in Europe and North America. Middle distillates accounted for 61% of global oil consumption
growth in 2005.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
15
Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel
Dubai
$/bbl*
Brent
$/bbl†
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
–
–
–
12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl
West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl‡
–
–
–
12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
–
–
–
12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
*1973-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2005 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2005 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2005 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.
Source: Platts.
Crude oil prices since 1861
US dollars per barrel
World events
Pennsylvanian
oil boom
Russian
oil exports
began
Sumatra
Growth of Venezuelan production
production
Fears of
began Discovery of
shortage
Spindletop,
in USA
Texas
Loss of Iranian supplies
East Texas
field
discovered
Suez
crisis
Post-war
reconstruction
Netback pricing introduced
Asian financial
crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait
Iranian revolution
Yom Kippur war
Invasion
of Iraq
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1861-69
1870-79
$ money of the day
16
1880-89
$ 2005
1890-99
1900-09
1910-19
1920-29
1930-39
1940-49
1950-59
1960-69
1970-79
1980-89
1990-99
2000-05
1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2005 Brent dated.
Rotterdam product prices
US dollars per tonne
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
88
0
89
Gasoline
90
91
Gas oil
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
Source: Platts.
Heavy fuel oil
1988 to first quarter 1992: leaded gasoline.
From second quarter 1992: unleaded gasoline.
OECD total commercial oil stocks
Million barrels
2800
2700
2600
2500
2400
2300
J
F
M
A
Jan 2004-Dec 2005
M
J
J
2004
2000-2004 range
A
S
O
N
D
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
2005
A
S
O
N
D
Source: Monthly Oil Data Service © OECD/IEA, 2006.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
17
Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
15333
1792
1444
18569
15452
1807
1444
18703
15711
1811
1449
18971
16261
1844
1449
19554
16512
1861
1449
19822
16595
1861
1481
19937
16785
1917
1481
20183
16757
1923
1463
20143
16894
1959
1463
20316
17125
1915
1463
20503
17335
1927
1463
20725
1.2%
0.6%
–
1.1%
20.2%
2.2%
1.7%
24.2%
648
1481
500
1192
2233
6054
651
1481
545
1192
2234
6103
653
1739
545
1192
2269
6398
650
1750
545
1199
2180
6324
645
1845
545
1222
2224
6481
626
1863
545
1280
2230
6544
614
1823
545
1277
2219
6478
611
1868
545
1277
2266
6567
611
1940
545
1277
2240
6613
611
1940
545
1277
2254
6627
611
1940
570
1357
2285
6763
–
–
4.6%
6.3%
1.4%
2.1%
0.7%
2.3%
0.7%
1.6%
2.7%
7.9%
692
1728
2104
403
2272
1197
298
6123
1215
422
713
1844
6313
25324
690
1749
2098
403
2257
1169
308
6134
1232
421
713
1873
6170
25217
698
1872
2170
403
2243
1196
308
5929
1265
422
713
1823
6135
25177
732
1918
2206
403
2271
1196
310
5533
1247
422
713
1848
6090
24889
736
1933
2240
403
2294
1212
323
5399
1247
422
713
1777
5996
24695
770
1984
2262
403
2294
1212
318
5351
1247
421
713
1778
5890
24643
785
1961
2274
412
2294
1233
307
5304
1247
422
713
1769
5901
24622
803
1987
2286
412
2294
1237
310
5372
1333
422
713
1785
5975
24929
805
1967
2304
412
2294
1237
310
5407
1333
422
713
1813
6038
25055
782
1977
2314
412
2294
1239
310
5412
1358
421
693
1843
6015
25070
778 – 0.5%
1978
0.1%
2322
0.3%
412
–
2294
–
1242
0.2%
310
–
5412
–
1363
0.4%
422
0.2%
613 –11.5%
1848
0.3%
6036
0.3%
25030 – 0.2%
0.9%
2.3%
2.7%
0.5%
2.7%
1.4%
0.4%
6.3%
1.6%
0.5%
0.7%
2.2%
7.0%
29.2%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1332
634
795
1692
220
1153
5826
1332
634
825
1699
250
1172
5912
1387
634
880
1704
298
1164
6067
1492
634
895
1762
235
1169
6187
1574
634
895
1838
290
1175
6406
1574
639
690
1846
440
1173
6362
1574
644
745
1861
674
1164
6662
1574
644
770
1861
711
1254
6814
1584
644
905
1911
645
1255
6944
1624
644
905
2061
620
1255
7109
1684
644
915
2061
620
1255
7179
3.7%
–
1.1%
–
–
–
1.0%
2.0%
0.8%
1.1%
2.4%
0.7%
1.5%
8.4%
Total Africa
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
2910
2987
2928
2881
2983
3034
3217
3294
3313
3311
3311
–
3.9%
Australasia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
818
4014
1133
990
5006
1273
1727
732
529
1073
17295
848
4226
1210
990
5006
1245
1917
732
777
1086
18037
890
4559
1236
1015
5056
1246
2598
732
824
1107
19263
906
4592
1356
1095
5144
1246
2598
732
863
1152
19684
924
5401
2190
1118
5087
1246
2598
732
872
1233
21401
924
5407
2219
1126
5010
1255
2598
732
872
1292
21435
916
5643
2261
1126
4705
1255
2598
874
872
1386
21636
933
5479
2289
1091
4728
1255
2598
1159
874
1351
21757
860
5487
2333
1056
4645
1255
2598
1159
860
1313
21566
867
6289
2513
1056
4531
1255
2598
1159
876
1259
22403
813
6587
2558
1056
4531
1255
2598
1159
876
1261
22694
– 6.2%
4.7%
1.8%
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.2%
1.3%
0.9%
7.7%
3.0%
1.2%
5.3%
1.5%
3.0%
1.4%
1.0%
1.5%
26.5%
TOTAL WORLD
75978
76959
78804
79519
81788
81955
82798
83504
83807
85023
85702
0.8% 100.0%
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
14130
41039
9055
25884
14130
41402
8967
26590
14304
42613
8756
27435
14506
43504
8387
27628
14380
43780
8255
29753
14498
43933
8177
29845
14533
43900
8097
30801
14810
44180
8164
31160
14831
44218
8199
31390
14861
44328
8204
32491
14901
44463
8204
33035
0.3%
0.3%
–
1.7%
*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.
Note: For the purposes of this table, annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.
Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
T TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
20.5%
2.6%
1.9%
7.4%
28.1%
8.1%
3.3%
1.0%
7.8%
5.6%
13.7%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
13973
1569
1488
4823
19150
5134
2375
807
2711
4169
6822
14195
1644
1491
4848
19188
5477
2393
842
2850
4168
7544
14662
1694
1438
4920
19430
5488
2342
872
3084
4319
8183
14889
1709
1451
5120
19640
5639
2390
866
3060
4212
8010
14804
1714
1389
5191
19092
5632
2343
880
3686
4149
8309
15067
1765
1364
5337
19346
5430
2233
851
4218
4145
8914
15128
1812
1398
5330
19514
5646
2463
847
4215
4107
9053
14947
1862
1387
4939
19524
5695
2251
855
4395
3986
8827
15304
1880
1436
4963
20034
5867
2200
823
4823
4118
9300
15475
1958
1438
5423
20489
5790
2286
820
5382
4037
9957
15204
1901
1414
5502
20821
5958
2424
752
5748
4136
10139
–1.8%
– 2.9%
–1.7%
1.5%
1.6%
2.9%
6.0%
– 8.3%
6.8%
2.5%
1.8%
63021
12726
37292
4950
20779
64640
13028
38183
4713
21744
66432
13258
39455
4761
22217
66986
13769
39937
4519
22529
67189
13305
39455
4471
23263
68670
13398
39801
4583
24286
69513
13407
39822
4797
24894
68668
13192
39131
5060
24477
70748
13475
39950
5277
25521
73055
13766
40494
5435
27126
73999
13770
40280
5711
28008
1.3% 100.0%
18.6%
– 0.5% 54.4%
5.1%
7.7%
3.3% 37.8%
*Input to primary distillation units only.
Less than 0.05%.
Note: For the purposes of this table, annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
18
17.4%
51.9%
9.6%
38.5%
Source: Includes data from ESAI.
Refinery utilization
Percentage
100
90
80
70
95
96
North America
97
98
S. & Cent. America
99
Europe & Eurasia
00
Middle East
01
Africa
02
03
04
05
Asia Pacific
Demand growth slowed in 2005 but was still in excess of global refining capacity additions. As a result, global average refinery utilization increased to 86.3% versus
a revised 85.9% for 2004. Crude runs in North America were lower than in 2004 because of the disruption caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Utilization increased
in most other regions, partly to compensate for the reduction in US refinery operations.
Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
95
96
USGC West Texas Sour Coking
97
98
NWE Brent Cracking
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking
Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
19
Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
27.1%
26.6%
10.5%
35.8%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Imports
USA
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
8831
10436
5581
11562
9400
10472
5685
12764
9907
10421
5735
13721
10382
11017
5259
13432
10550
10670
5346
14157
11092
11070
5329
14911
11618
11531
5202
15401
11357
11895
5070
15306
12254
11993
5314
16238
12898
12538
5203
17471
13525
13261
5225
17895
4.9%
5.8%
0.4%
2.4%
TOTAL WORLD
36410
38321
39784
40090
40723
42402
43752
43628
45799
48110
49906
3.7% 100.0%
Exports
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific†
Rest of World*
949
1402
1422
2797
1472
2731
16651
2696
2723
2576
991
978
1484
1656
3011
1540
3239
17170
2756
2916
2790
780
976
1492
1767
3219
1463
3413
18184
2743
3102
2735
690
1011
1603
1770
3240
1344
3569
18702
2712
3094
2490
556
956
1520
1739
3145
1851
4019
18341
2726
2985
2650
791
890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
2767
940
910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19098
2724
3182
2879
1506
904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
2863
1551
921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3025
1361
991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
3009
1631
1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
2967
1542
TOTAL WORLD
36410
38320
39784
40091
40723
42402
43754
43628
45799
48110
49906
14.0%
2.5%
– 0.2%
9.1%
7.8%
9.9%
1.0%
5.2%
7.7%
– 1.4%
– 5.5%
2.3%
4.4%
4.1%
7.1%
4.3%
14.2%
39.7%
6.2%
8.7%
5.9%
3.1%
3.7% 100.0%
*Includes unidentified trade.
†Excludes Japan.
Note: For the purposes of this table, annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Inter-area movements 2005
To
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. &
Cent.
America
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
–
107.1
81.8
140.9
53.3
23.0
116.5
26.7
96.5
–
0.7
1.6
–
8.3
10.3
7.4
–
1.7
5.3
22.0
–
7.1
8.4
2.0
–
–
0.1
–
0.2
5.5
10.1
0.1
–
2.1
2.4
0.1
0.5
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
15.5
0.2
6.7
–
2.3
3.0
7.8
5.7
8.4
–
–
1.6
–
0.3
0.3
11.6
0.8
10.5
15.1
–
287.0
156.1
97.0
34.6
1.3
–
0.2
0.4
6.1
34.3
0.7
–
0.1
1.0
12.9
0.5
37.2
4.1
4.4
–
–
0.1
–
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.6
0.2
0.2
–
–
0.4
0.4
26.8
1.9
0.4
–
–
5.3
0.6
19.6
67.4
3.2
28.6
6.7
1.2
–
3.3
30.3
0.3
4.0
0.3
–
0.1
0.3
2.3
211.7
0.1
3.0
4.0
3.2
2.3
–
24.8
2.1
3.5
–
1.6
3.3
6.0
3.5
369.2
5.4
38.1
1.2
5.8
14.0
1.0
14.6
2.1
0.9
–
0.2
–
4.5
10.0
3.0
0.6
0.9
–
–
0.4
–
0.5
–
54.1
108.5
102.6
173.1
104.3
349.0
982.1
151.7
216.7
13.2
10.9
20.7
5.1
112.7
56.8
TOTAL IMPORTS
666.7
59.7
15.7
51.8
655.0
61.7
35.5
166.9
258.2
469.3
21.0
2461.5
–
2172
1647
2868
1100
473
2345
547
1943
–
14
32
–
170
214
154
–
34
109
444
–
143
169
40
–
–
2
–
4
111
211
2
–
44
50
2
10
6
–
–
–
–
–
2
–
323
4
135
–
48
60
157
115
169
–
–
33
–
6
6
242
17
211
309
–
5811
3144
1959
696
26
–
4
8
128
706
15
–
2
21
270
10
752
83
88
–
–
2
–
15
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
113
4
4
–
–
8
8
545
39
8
–
–
107
12
398
1360
64
574
135
25
–
69
626
6
84
6
–
2
6
47
4269
2
60
80
65
47
–
511
44
73
–
32
68
125
72
7466
109
765
25
117
289
21
301
44
19
–
4
–
94
202
63
12
18
–
–
8
–
10
–
1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
266
222
427
107
2318
1169
13525
1210
328
1056
13261
1258
722
3384
5225
9507
431
49906
Million tonnes
From
Europe
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other
Asia
Pacific
Rest of
World
Total
Thousand barrels daily
From
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL IMPORTS
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
20
Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)
287.0
22.0
53.3
19.6
23.0
107.1
156.1
34.6
211.7
96.5
81.8
97.0
26.7
67.4
116.5
369.2
30.3
24.8
140.9
37.2
USA
26.8
Canada
Mexico
38.1
S. & Cent. America
28.6
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Imports and exports 2005
Crude
imports
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL WORLD
Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
Crude
imports
Thousand barrels daily
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
500.7
46.5
–
32.7
524.7
–
10.2
8.9
2.9
27.3
24.3
127.1
210.4
369.5
–
166.0
13.2
15.7
19.1
130.3
4.4
6.4
8.1
8.9
5.6
11.2
39.8
47.8
99.8
–
1.9
81.8
97.4
109.6
38.1
267.6
862.9
122.6
208.7
12.4
7.2
6.7
–
46.3
22.0
52.2
26.7
5.2
63.5
66.2
81.4
119.2
29.1
8.0
0.8
3.7
14.0
5.1
66.4
34.8
10055
934
–
657
10537
–
205
179
58
548
488
2552
4225
7420
–
3470
276
328
399
2724
92
134
169
186
117
234
832
999
2086
–
38
1643
1956
2201
765
5374
17329
2462
4191
249
145
135
–
930
442
1091
558
109
1327
1384
1702
2492
608
167
17
77
293
107
1388
727
1885.2
576.3
1885.2
576.3
37859
12047
37859
12047
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements, for example, between countries in Europe, are excluded.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
21
Natural gas
At end 1985
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 1995
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2004
Trillion
cubic
metres
Trillion
cubic
feet
5.41
2.78
2.17
10.37
4.62
1.93
1.92
8.47
5.45
1.59
0.42
7.46
192.5
56.0
14.5
263.3
0.68
0.13
0.09
0.11
†
0.32
1.73
0.24
3.32
0.62
0.13
0.15
0.22
0.20
0.35
4.06
0.23
5.96
0.55
0.76
0.33
0.12
0.33
0.53
4.29
0.17
7.07
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.09
0.30
0.26
n/a
1.86
0.57
0.10
0.27
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.65
n/a
40.37
44.45
n/a
0.12
0.22
0.30
n/a
1.82
1.81
0.15
0.41
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.70
n/a
57.64
63.16
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
0.21
13.99
0.82
1.04
0.22
4.44
3.69
0.12
3.15
–
†
27.67
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Proved reserves
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
At end 2005
Trillion
cubic
Share
metres
of total
R/P
ratio
5.45
1.59
0.41
7.46
3.0%
0.9%
0.2%
4.1%
10.4
8.6
10.4
9.9
17.8
26.1
10.9
4.0
11.5
19.2
152.3
5.9
247.8
0.50
0.74
0.31
0.11
0.33
0.55
4.32
0.17
7.02
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
0.1%
3.9%
11.1
71.1
27.3
16.7
*
18.8
*
87.7
51.8
1.37
0.08
0.20
0.18
3.00
1.45
2.39
0.11
0.30
47.80
2.90
1.11
0.53
1.86
0.46
63.73
48.4
2.4
6.6
5.9
105.9
49.6
84.9
3.8
22.2
1688.0
102.4
39.0
18.7
65.3
16.2
2259.4
1.37
0.07
0.19
0.17
3.00
1.41
2.41
0.11
0.63
47.82
2.90
1.11
0.53
1.85
0.46
64.01
0.8%
*
6.5
11.8
14.0
*
22.3
28.3
25.3
48.6
80.0
49.3
58.7
6.0
33.2
47.0
60.3
0.15
19.35
3.36
1.49
0.45
8.50
5.54
0.24
5.86
0.43
†
45.37
0.09
26.74
3.17
1.57
1.00
25.78
6.83
0.31
6.06
0.48
0.05
72.09
3.2
943.9
111.9
55.5
35.1
910.1
243.6
10.9
213.0
16.9
1.8
2546.0
0.09
26.74
3.17
1.57
1.00
25.78
6.90
0.31
6.04
0.48
0.05
72.13
0.1%
14.9%
1.8%
0.9%
0.6%
14.3%
3.8%
0.2%
3.4%
0.3%
40.1%
9.1
*
*
*
56.9
*
99.3
57.3
*
*
26.7
*
3.35
0.26
0.63
1.34
0.59
6.16
3.69
0.65
1.31
3.47
0.81
9.93
4.55
1.87
1.49
5.23
1.17
14.30
161.7
66.7
52.6
184.6
42.2
508.1
4.58
1.89
1.49
5.23
1.20
14.39
2.5%
1.1%
0.8%
2.9%
0.7%
8.0%
52.2
54.4
*
*
*
88.3
0.77
0.35
0.24
0.87
0.48
1.98
1.49
0.27
0.62
†
0.22
–
0.25
7.57
1.28
0.27
0.40
1.67
0.68
1.95
2.27
0.27
0.60
0.43
0.18
0.15
0.41
10.54
2.52
0.44
0.34
2.20
0.92
2.77
2.46
0.50
0.80
0.43
0.35
0.24
0.38
14.35
89.0
15.4
12.0
83.0
38.9
97.4
87.5
17.7
34.0
15.1
12.5
8.3
13.1
523.7
2.52
0.44
0.34
2.35
1.10
2.76
2.48
0.50
0.96
0.43
0.35
0.24
0.37
14.84
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.3%
0.6%
1.5%
1.4%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
8.3%
67.9
30.7
28.3
47.0
36.2
36.3
41.4
38.5
32.2
*
16.5
45.6
34.7
41.2
99.54
3.49
15.38
40.00
143.42
3.44
15.09
57.37
179.00
2.65
15.02
58.32
6348.1
90.8
527.7
2058.8
179.83
2.57
14.95
58.32
100.0%
1.4%
8.3%
32.4%
65.1
12.9
13.8
76.7
0.1%
0.1%
1.7%
0.8%
1.3%
0.1%
0.3%
26.6%
1.6%
0.6%
0.3%
1.0%
0.3%
35.6%
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in
the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that level.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.
The reserves figures shown do not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at the company level, for instance, those
published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission or recommended for the purposes of UK SORP, nor do they necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country.
22
Proved reserves at end 2005
Trillion cubic metres
Middle East
72.13
Europe & Eurasia
64.01
Asia Pacific
14.84
Africa
14.39
North America
7.46
S. & Cent. America
7.02
Distribution of proved reserves in 1985, 1995 and 2005
Percentage
4.1%
4.2%
3.9%
40.1%
31.6%
5.9%
8.0%
6.9%
3.3%
10.4%
27.8%
8.3%
7.3%
6.2%
7.6%
44.7%
44.0%
35.6%
1985 total 99.54
1995 total 143.42
2005 total 179.83
Trillion cubic metres
Trillion cubic metres
Trillion cubic metres
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
23
Production*
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
534.3
158.7
26.6
719.6
541.7
163.6
28.0
733.3
543.1
165.8
31.7
740.6
549.2
171.3
34.3
754.8
541.6
177.4
37.2
756.2
550.6
183.2
35.8
769.6
565.8
186.8
35.3
787.9
544.3
187.8
35.3
767.4
551.4
182.7
36.4
770.5
539.4
183.6
37.4
760.4
525.7
185.5
39.5
750.6
– 2.3%
1.3%
6.0%
–1.0%
19.0%
6.7%
1.4%
27.2%
25.0
3.2
4.8
4.4
6.1
27.5
2.2
73.2
28.9
3.2
5.5
4.7
7.1
29.7
2.3
81.4
27.4
2.7
6.0
5.9
7.4
30.8
2.4
82.5
29.6
2.8
6.3
6.3
8.6
32.3
2.5
88.4
34.6
2.3
6.7
5.2
11.7
27.4
2.1
90.0
37.4
3.2
7.2
5.9
14.1
27.9
2.2
97.9
37.1
4.7
7.6
6.1
15.2
29.6
2.3
102.6
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
17.3
28.4
2.3
104.4
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
24.7
25.2
2.2
115.7
44.9
8.5
11.0
6.4
28.1
28.1
2.8
129.7
45.6
10.4
11.4
6.8
29.0
28.9
3.5
135.6
1.9%
23.2%
3.1%
7.0%
3.5%
3.2%
26.3%
4.8%
1.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.2%
1.0%
1.0%
0.1%
4.9%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
6.2
5.3
16.1
20.4
5.5
67.0
27.8
3.5
18.0
555.4
30.1
17.0
70.8
45.3
15.9
904.3
5.9
6.4
17.4
20.0
6.1
75.8
37.4
3.6
17.2
561.1
32.8
17.2
84.2
45.7
14.6
945.4
5.6
7.9
17.1
19.3
7.6
67.1
43.0
3.6
15.0
532.6
16.1
17.4
85.9
47.8
13.4
899.1
5.2
7.6
16.7
19.0
7.4
63.6
44.2
3.6
14.0
551.3
12.4
16.8
90.2
51.1
12.4
915.5
5.6
7.8
17.8
17.5
9.3
59.3
48.5
3.4
14.0
551.0
21.3
16.9
99.1
51.9
11.5
934.9
5.3
8.1
16.9
16.2
10.8
57.3
49.7
3.7
13.8
545.0
43.8
16.7
108.4
52.6
11.3
959.5
5.2
8.4
17.0
15.2
10.8
61.9
53.9
3.9
13.6
542.4
47.9
17.1
105.9
53.5
11.0
967.7
4.8
8.4
17.0
14.6
10.6
59.9
65.5
4.0
13.2
555.4
49.9
17.4
103.6
53.8
11.3
989.4
4.8
8.0
17.7
13.7
12.9
58.4
73.1
4.0
13.0
578.6
55.1
17.7
102.9
53.6
10.7
1024.4
4.7
9.4
16.4
13.0
20.6
68.8
78.5
4.4
12.8
591.0
54.6
19.1
96.0
55.8
11.0
1055.9
5.3 13.9%
10.4 11.1%
15.8 – 3.2%
12.0 – 7.3%
23.5 14.2%
62.9 – 8.4%
85.0
8.6%
4.3 – 0.8%
12.9
1.3%
598.0
1.5%
58.8
7.9%
18.8 – 1.2%
88.0 – 8.1%
55.7
9.8 –10.7%
1061.1
0.8%
0.2%
0.4%
0.6%
0.4%
0.9%
2.3%
3.1%
0.2%
0.5%
21.6%
2.1%
0.7%
3.2%
2.0%
0.4%
38.4%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
7.2
35.3
9.3
4.1
13.5
42.9
1.9
31.3
3.4
148.9
7.4
39.0
9.3
4.4
13.7
44.4
2.5
33.8
3.5
158.0
8.0
47.0
9.3
5.0
17.4
45.3
3.8
36.3
3.3
175.4
8.4
50.0
9.5
5.2
19.6
46.8
4.3
37.1
3.2
184.0
8.7
56.4
8.6
5.5
22.1
46.2
4.5
38.5
3.4
193.8
8.8
60.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
4.2
38.4
3.4
206.8
9.1
66.0
8.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
4.1
39.4
3.0
224.8
9.5
75.0
8.0
15.0
29.5
56.7
5.0
43.4
2.6
244.7
9.6
81.5
9.1
16.5
31.4
60.1
5.2
44.8
1.8
259.9
9.8
84.9
9.7
17.2
39.2
65.7
5.3
46.3
2.5
280.4
9.9
87.0
9.7
17.5
43.5
69.5
5.4
46.6
3.4
292.5
1.3%
2.8%
0.3%
2.0%
11.4%
6.1%
3.0%
0.9%
39.2%
4.6%
0.4%
3.1%
0.4%
0.6%
1.6%
2.5%
0.2%
1.7%
0.1%
10.6%
58.7
11.0
5.8
4.8
3.0
83.3
62.3
11.5
5.8
5.4
3.8
88.9
71.8
11.6
6.0
5.1
4.9
99.4
76.6
12.2
5.8
5.1
5.0
104.8
86.0
14.7
4.7
6.0
5.4
116.9
84.4
18.3
5.3
12.5
5.9
126.5
78.2
21.5
5.6
14.9
6.6
126.8
80.4
22.7
5.6
14.2
6.8
129.6
82.8
25.0
5.8
19.2
6.9
139.7
82.0
26.9
6.5
21.8
7.0
144.3
87.8
34.7
11.7
21.8
7.0
163.0
7.3%
29.4%
79.5%
0.3%
0.1%
13.3%
3.2%
1.3%
0.4%
0.8%
0.3%
5.9%
29.8
7.4
11.8
17.9
19.4
63.4
28.9
1.6
4.3
14.6
10.4
0.1
3.5
213.1
29.8
7.6
11.7
20.1
20.5
67.5
33.6
1.6
4.9
15.4
12.2
0.3
3.6
228.6
29.8
7.6
11.7
22.7
23.0
67.2
38.6
1.5
5.2
15.6
15.2
0.5
3.5
242.2
30.4
7.8
10.8
23.3
24.7
64.3
38.5
1.8
4.6
16.0
16.3
0.9
3.6
242.7
30.8
8.3
11.2
25.2
25.9
71.0
40.8
1.7
5.3
17.3
17.7
1.3
3.6
260.1
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.9
68.5
45.3
3.4
5.6
18.8
18.6
1.6
3.7
272.0
32.5
10.7
11.4
30.3
27.2
66.3
46.9
7.2
5.9
19.8
18.0
2.0
3.9
282.2
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
28.7
70.4
48.3
8.4
5.6
20.6
18.9
2.4
5.5
297.0
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.9
72.8
51.8
9.6
4.3
23.2
19.6
2.4
6.7
313.1
35.3
13.3
12.2
41.0
30.1
75.4
53.9
10.2
3.8
26.9
20.3
4.2
6.5
333.0
37.1
14.2
12.0
50.0
30.4
76.0
59.9
13.0
3.7
29.9
21.4
5.2
7.3
360.1
5.5%
7.1%
–1.5%
22.2%
1.3%
1.1%
11.6%
27.8%
– 3.3%
11.5%
6.0%
24.1%
12.2%
8.4%
1.3%
0.5%
0.4%
1.8%
1.1%
2.8%
2.2%
0.5%
0.1%
1.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
13.0%
2142.4
195.4
979.3
659.8
503.2
2235.7
219.0
1026.8
669.0
539.8
2239.3
211.1
1032.2
627.4
579.7
2290.1
209.8
1046.6
644.6
599.0
2351.9
213.1
1056.8
656.3
638.7
2432.3
218.4
1077.6
674.5
680.1
2492.1
220.1
1103.1
677.3
711.6
2532.6
215.4
1089.5
692.2
750.9
2623.3
212.0
1096.5
723.1
803.7
2703.8
215.3
1096.6
746.1
861.1
2763.0
199.7
1079.4
760.3
923.2
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2.5% 100.0%
–7.0%
7.2%
–1.3% 39.1%
2.2% 27.5%
7.5% 33.4%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an
average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures rather than billion cubic metres.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
24
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
480.9
142.8
23.9
647.7
487.5
147.3
25.2
660.0
488.8
149.2
28.5
666.5
494.3
154.1
30.9
679.3
487.4
159.7
33.5
680.6
495.5
164.9
32.2
692.6
509.2
168.1
31.8
709.1
489.9
169.0
31.8
690.7
496.2
164.5
32.7
693.5
485.5
165.3
33.6
684.4
473.1
166.9
35.6
675.6
– 2.3%
1.3%
6.0%
–1.0%
19.0%
6.7%
1.4%
27.2%
22.5
2.8
4.3
4.0
5.5
24.8
2.0
65.9
26.0
2.9
5.0
4.2
6.4
26.8
2.0
73.2
24.6
2.4
5.4
5.3
6.7
27.7
2.1
74.3
26.6
2.5
5.6
5.6
7.8
29.1
2.3
79.6
31.1
2.0
6.1
4.7
10.6
24.7
1.9
81.0
33.7
2.9
6.5
5.3
12.6
25.1
1.9
88.1
33.4
4.2
6.8
5.5
13.7
26.6
2.0
92.3
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
15.6
25.6
2.0
94.0
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
22.3
22.7
2.0
104.1
40.4
7.6
9.9
5.7
25.3
25.3
2.5
116.7
41.1
9.4
10.2
6.1
26.1
26.1
3.1
122.0
1.9%
23.2%
3.1%
7.0%
3.5%
3.2%
26.3%
4.8%
1.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.2%
1.0%
1.0%
0.1%
4.9%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
5.5
4.8
14.5
18.3
5.0
60.3
25.0
3.1
16.2
499.9
27.1
15.3
63.7
40.8
14.3
813.8
5.3
5.8
15.7
18.0
5.5
68.2
33.7
3.2
15.5
505.0
29.6
15.4
75.8
41.1
13.1
850.9
5.0
7.1
15.4
17.3
6.8
60.4
38.7
3.2
13.5
479.3
14.5
15.7
77.3
43.0
12.1
809.2
4.7
6.8
15.0
17.1
6.7
57.2
39.8
3.2
12.6
496.2
11.2
15.1
81.2
46.0
11.1
823.9
5.0
7.0
16.1
15.7
8.4
53.3
43.6
3.1
12.6
495.9
19.1
15.2
89.2
46.7
10.4
841.4
4.7
7.3
15.2
14.6
9.7
51.6
44.8
3.3
12.4
490.5
39.5
15.0
97.6
47.4
10.1
863.5
4.7
7.5
15.3
13.7
9.7
55.7
48.5
3.5
12.2
488.2
43.1
15.4
95.3
48.2
9.9
871.0
4.3
7.5
15.3
13.2
9.5
53.9
59.0
3.6
11.9
499.9
44.9
15.7
93.3
48.4
10.1
890.5
4.3
7.2
15.9
12.4
11.7
52.5
65.8
3.6
11.7
520.8
49.6
16.0
92.6
48.3
9.6
921.9
4.2
8.5
14.7
11.7
18.6
61.9
70.6
3.9
11.5
531.9
49.2
17.2
86.4
50.3
9.9
950.3
4.8 13.9%
9.4 11.1%
14.2 – 3.2%
10.8 –7.3%
21.1 14.2%
56.6 – 8.4%
76.5
8.6%
3.9 – 0.8%
11.6
1.3%
538.2
1.5%
52.9
7.9%
16.9 –1.2%
79.2 – 8.1%
50.1
8.8 –10.7%
955.0
0.8%
0.2%
0.4%
0.6%
0.4%
0.9%
2.3%
3.1%
0.2%
0.5%
21.6%
2.1%
0.7%
3.2%
2.0%
0.4%
38.4%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
6.5
31.8
8.4
3.6
12.2
38.6
1.7
28.2
3.1
134.0
6.7
35.1
8.4
3.9
12.3
40.0
2.2
30.4
3.1
142.2
7.2
42.3
8.3
4.5
15.7
40.8
3.5
32.7
3.0
157.9
7.5
45.0
8.5
4.7
17.6
42.1
3.8
33.4
2.9
165.6
7.8
50.7
7.8
4.9
19.8
41.6
4.0
34.6
3.1
174.4
7.9
54.2
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
3.8
34.5
3.1
186.1
8.2
59.4
7.7
12.6
24.3
48.3
3.7
35.4
2.7
202.3
8.5
67.5
7.2
13.5
26.6
51.0
4.5
39.1
2.4
220.2
8.7
73.4
8.2
14.9
28.3
54.1
4.6
40.3
1.6
233.9
8.8
76.4
8.7
15.5
35.3
59.1
4.7
41.7
2.2
252.4
8.9
78.3
8.7
15.8
39.2
62.6
4.9
41.9
3.1
263.3
1.3%
2.8%
0.3%
2.0%
11.4%
6.1%
3.0%
0.9%
39.2%
4.6%
0.4%
3.1%
0.4%
0.6%
1.6%
2.5%
0.2%
1.7%
0.1%
10.6%
52.8
9.9
5.2
4.4
2.7
75.0
56.1
10.4
5.2
4.9
3.4
80.0
64.6
10.5
5.4
4.6
4.4
89.5
68.9
11.0
5.2
4.6
4.5
94.3
77.4
13.2
4.2
5.4
4.9
105.2
76.0
16.5
4.8
11.3
5.3
113.9
70.4
19.3
5.0
13.4
6.0
114.2
72.3
20.4
5.1
12.8
6.1
116.7
74.5
22.5
5.2
17.3
6.2
125.7
73.8
24.2
5.9
19.6
6.3
129.8
79.0
31.3
10.5
19.6
6.3
146.7
7.3%
29.4%
79.5%
0.3%
0.1%
13.3%
3.2%
1.3%
0.4%
0.8%
0.3%
5.9%
26.8
6.6
10.6
16.2
17.4
57.0
26.0
1.5
3.9
13.1
9.4
0.1
3.2
191.8
26.8
6.8
10.5
18.1
18.5
60.7
30.3
1.4
4.4
13.8
10.9
0.3
3.2
205.8
26.8
6.8
10.5
20.4
20.7
60.4
34.8
1.4
4.7
14.0
13.7
0.5
3.2
218.0
27.3
7.0
9.7
21.0
22.2
57.8
34.6
1.6
4.2
14.4
14.7
0.8
3.2
218.4
27.7
7.5
10.1
22.7
23.3
63.9
36.8
1.5
4.8
15.6
16.0
1.2
3.2
234.1
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
24.2
61.7
40.7
3.1
5.1
17.0
16.8
1.4
3.3
244.8
29.2
9.7
10.3
27.3
24.5
59.7
42.2
6.5
5.3
17.8
16.2
1.8
3.5
254.0
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
25.9
63.3
43.5
7.6
5.1
18.5
17.0
2.2
5.0
267.3
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.9
65.5
46.6
8.6
3.9
20.8
17.6
2.1
6.1
281.8
31.7
12.0
11.0
36.9
27.1
67.9
48.5
9.2
3.5
24.2
18.2
3.7
5.9
299.7
33.4
12.8
10.8
45.0
27.4
68.4
54.0
11.7
3.3
26.9
19.3
4.6
6.6
324.1
5.5%
7.1%
–1.5%
22.2%
1.3%
1.1%
11.6%
27.8%
– 3.3%
11.5%
6.0%
24.1%
12.2%
8.4%
1.3%
0.5%
0.4%
1.8%
1.1%
2.8%
2.2%
0.5%
0.1%
1.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
13.0%
1928.1
175.9
881.4
593.9
452.9
2012.1
197.1
924.2
602.1
485.8
2015.4
190.0
929.0
564.7
521.7
2061.1
188.8
941.9
580.1
539.1
2116.7
191.8
951.2
590.6
574.9
2189.0
196.6
969.9
607.1
612.1
2242.9
198.1
992.8
609.6
640.5
2279.3
193.8
980.5
623.0
675.8
2361.0
190.8
986.8
650.8
723.3
2433.4
193.8
986.9
671.5
775.0
2486.7
179.7
971.5
684.3
830.9
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2.5% 100.0%
–7.0%
7.2%
–1.3% 39.1%
2.2% 27.5%
7.5% 33.4%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
25
Production by area
Billion cubic metres
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
80
81
82
83
North America
84
85
86
Europe & Eurasia
87
88
89
Asia Pacific
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
Rest of World
Natural gas production growth was close to the 10-year average. Output declined in North America, primarily owing to hurricane-related disruptions. China recorded the
world’s largest volume growth. Egyptian production increased 29% as LNG exports commenced.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
Years
70
250
60
200
50
150
40
30
100
20
50
10
0
81
83
World
85
87
89
91
North America
93
95
97
99
S. & Cent. America
01
03
05
Europe & Eurasia
0
Middle East
05
05
Africa
05
05
05
Asia Pacific
The world’s gas R/P ratio fell to 65.1 years in 2005, but remained well above the oil R/P ratio. Reserves were 25% higher than the 1995 level; production was
29% higher.
26
05
Consumption
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
638.0
80.2
28.1
746.3
649.6
85.3
28.6
763.4
653.2
83.8
32.3
769.3
642.2
85.0
35.4
762.6
644.3
83.1
37.4
764.8
669.7
83.0
38.5
791.2
641.4
82.8
39.0
763.2
661.6
85.6
42.7
789.9
643.1
92.2
45.8
781.1
645.0
92.7
48.6
786.3
633.5
91.4
49.6
774.5
–1.5%
–1.1%
2.3%
–1.2%
23.0%
3.3%
1.8%
28.2%
27.0
4.8
1.6
4.4
0.1
0.4
27.5
7.3
73.1
31.0
5.5
1.7
4.7
0.1
0.4
29.7
8.2
81.4
28.5
6.0
2.8
5.9
0.1
0.2
30.8
8.5
82.9
30.5
6.3
3.3
6.2
0.1
0.4
32.3
10.0
89.1
32.4
7.1
4.6
5.2
0.1
0.4
27.4
11.3
88.5
33.2
9.3
5.2
5.9
0.1
0.3
27.9
11.9
94.0
31.1
11.7
6.3
6.1
0.2
0.4
29.6
13.6
98.9
30.3
14.4
6.5
6.1
0.1
0.4
28.4
14.4
100.7
34.6
15.9
7.1
6.0
0.1
0.5
25.2
15.9
105.3
37.9
19.0
8.3
6.3
0.2
0.9
28.1
17.1
117.7
40.6
20.2
7.6
6.8
0.2
1.6
28.9
18.3
124.1
7.4%
6.7%
– 8.2%
7.5%
0.3%
84.2%
3.2%
7.1%
5.7%
1.5%
0.7%
0.3%
0.2%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
7.9
8.0
12.3
11.8
5.0
7.3
3.5
3.2
32.9
74.4
†
10.2
–
2.6
49.9
10.8
2.3
37.8
2.9
9.9
–
24.0
377.8
5.7
8.3
0.8
2.4
6.8
8.0
76.2
70.5
42.4
13.8
929.4
8.4
5.9
13.0
13.1
5.2
8.4
4.1
3.3
36.1
83.6
†
11.4
–
3.0
51.5
9.0
2.5
41.7
3.2
10.6
–
24.2
379.9
6.2
9.3
0.9
2.6
9.0
10.0
82.5
82.1
43.3
13.5
977.5
8.1
5.6
14.8
12.5
4.1
8.5
4.4
3.2
34.6
79.2
0.2
10.8
–
3.1
53.2
7.1
2.6
39.1
3.7
10.5
0.1
20.0
350.4
6.3
12.3
0.8
2.5
9.4
10.1
74.3
84.5
45.4
14.7
936.1
8.3
5.2
15.0
13.8
3.5
8.5
4.8
3.7
37.0
79.7
0.8
10.9
–
3.1
57.2
7.3
2.3
38.7
3.8
10.6
0.8
18.7
364.7
6.4
13.1
0.9
2.6
9.9
10.3
68.8
87.9
47.0
14.6
959.9
8.5
5.6
15.3
14.7
3.0
8.6
5.0
3.7
37.7
80.2
1.4
11.0
–
3.3
62.2
7.9
2.4
37.9
3.6
10.3
2.3
17.2
363.6
6.4
15.0
0.8
2.7
12.0
11.3
73.0
92.5
49.3
12.9
981.3
8.1
5.4
16.2
14.9
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.7
79.5
1.9
10.7
–
3.8
64.9
9.7
2.7
39.2
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
377.2
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.1
12.6
73.1
96.9
47.1
13.5
1013.0
8.6
7.8
16.1
14.6
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.7
82.9
1.9
11.9
–
4.0
65.0
10.1
2.8
39.1
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
372.7
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.9
70.9
96.4
51.1
14.7
1025.4
8.5
7.8
16.6
14.8
2.7
8.7
5.2
4.0
41.7
82.6
2.0
12.0
–
4.1
64.6
11.1
2.9
39.3
4.0
11.2
2.8
17.2
388.9
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
13.2
69.8
95.1
52.4
13.8
1045.2
9.4
8.0
16.3
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.3
85.5
2.3
13.1
–
4.1
70.9
13.3
3.1
40.3
4.3
11.2
3.0
18.3
392.9
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.6
68.0
95.3
47.2
14.2
1070.6
9.5
8.6
18.5
16.5
2.9
8.7
5.2
4.3
44.5
85.9
2.5
13.0
–
4.1
73.6
15.4
3.1
41.1
4.6
13.1
3.1
17.5
401.9
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.5
72.9
97.0
44.8
14.4
1101.2
10.0
8.8
18.9
16.8
3.2
8.5
5.0
4.0
45.0
85.9
2.5
13.4
–
3.9
79.0
17.8
3.2
39.5
4.5
13.6
3.0
17.3
405.1
5.9
32.3
0.8
3.1
27.4
16.6
72.9
94.6
44.0
15.3
1121.9
5.7%
3.0%
2.8%
2.3%
11.4%
–1.1%
– 3.7%
–7.1%
1.3%
0.3%
2.3%
3.6%
–
– 4.6%
7.7%
15.8%
5.1%
– 3.6%
– 2.1%
4.1%
– 0.5%
– 0.7%
1.1%
– 3.1%
18.2%
– 4.5%
2.9%
24.1%
7.5%
0.3%
– 2.2%
–1.4%
7.0%
2.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.6%
3.1%
0.1%
0.5%
–
0.1%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%
1.4%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
14.7%
0.2%
1.2%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
35.2
9.3
13.5
42.9
24.8
16.1
141.8
38.9
9.3
13.7
44.4
27.2
17.3
150.7
47.1
9.3
14.5
45.3
29.0
19.6
164.9
51.8
9.5
14.8
46.8
30.4
20.5
173.7
58.4
8.6
14.0
46.2
31.4
21.5
180.1
62.9
9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
22.1
185.4
70.2
8.5
11.0
53.7
32.3
22.8
198.4
79.2
8.0
11.1
56.7
36.4
23.6
215.1
82.9
9.1
12.2
60.1
37.9
23.9
226.1
86.5
9.7
14.9
65.7
40.2
25.3
242.3
88.5
9.7
15.9
69.5
40.4
27.0
251.0
2.5%
0.3%
6.8%
6.1%
0.8%
7.1%
3.9%
3.2%
0.4%
0.6%
2.5%
1.5%
1.0%
9.1%
21.0
11.0
–
12.8
44.8
21.6
11.3
–
14.3
47.2
20.2
11.6
–
14.4
46.1
20.9
12.0
–
14.9
47.7
21.3
14.3
–
15.2
50.9
19.8
18.3
–
17.0
55.2
20.5
21.5
–
17.1
59.1
20.2
22.7
–
17.2
60.1
21.4
24.6
–
19.2
65.2
22.0
26.2
–
20.4
68.6
24.1
25.5
–
21.6
71.2
9.8%
– 2.6%
–
6.3%
4.0%
0.9%
0.9%
–
0.8%
2.6%
20.4
7.4
17.4
†
19.4
30.1
61.2
13.7
4.2
14.6
†
1.5
10.2
4.3
9.8
3.5
217.6
20.7
7.6
17.9
1.7
20.5
32.2
64.0
17.8
4.7
15.4
†
1.5
13.5
4.5
11.4
3.8
237.3
21.4
7.6
19.0
2.6
23.0
31.9
66.0
16.7
5.1
15.6
†
1.5
16.4
5.1
14.2
4.3
250.4
22.4
7.8
19.7
2.5
24.7
27.8
68.7
17.4
4.5
16.0
†
1.5
15.4
6.4
15.1
4.7
254.3
23.2
8.3
20.9
2.7
25.9
31.8
71.7
16.1
5.2
17.3
†
1.5
18.7
6.2
16.4
5.0
270.9
23.9
10.0
23.8
2.5
26.9
32.3
74.9
24.3
5.5
18.8
†
1.7
21.0
6.7
19.2
5.1
296.7
24.5
10.7
26.8
2.5
27.2
33.5
76.6
25.8
5.7
19.8
0.1
4.5
23.1
7.4
22.2
5.2
315.7
25.2
11.4
28.6
2.4
28.7
34.5
75.2
26.8
5.5
20.6
1.8
4.9
25.7
8.5
23.9
5.3
329.0
26.1
12.3
33.2
1.5
29.9
33.4
82.6
31.8
4.1
23.2
2.7
5.3
26.9
8.7
26.3
5.6
353.8
25.3
13.3
39.0
2.2
32.7
36.9
78.7
33.9
3.7
26.9
2.4
6.6
31.5
10.2
27.4
7.8
378.5
25.7
14.2
47.0
2.2
36.6
39.4
81.1
34.9
3.6
29.9
3.0
6.5
33.3
10.7
29.9
8.9
406.9
1.6%
7.1%
20.8%
–1.3%
12.2%
7.2%
3.3%
3.4%
– 3.3%
11.5%
27.6%
–1.2%
6.1%
5.1%
9.5%
14.4%
7.8%
0.9%
0.5%
1.7%
0.1%
1.3%
1.4%
2.9%
1.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%
0.4%
1.1%
0.3%
14.8%
2153.0
341.5
1191.1
547.0
414.9
2257.5
378.9
1255.0
553.9
448.6
2249.7
376.6
1265.2
519.1
465.4
2287.3
391.4
1276.0
529.4
481.9
2336.5
406.6
1303.3
536.2
496.9
2435.4
419.9
1351.5
551.9
532.0
2460.8
430.2
1339.9
552.9
568.0
2540.0
430.9
1370.3
570.3
599.4
2601.9
450.2
1392.5
571.3
638.1
2694.7
463.4
1411.5
588.1
695.1
2749.6
471.2
1416.8
595.9
736.9
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
4.5%
0.1%
1.0%
0.6%
2.6%
3.4%
1.6%
0.6%
40.8%
2.3% 100.0%
2.0% 17.1%
0.7% 51.5%
1.6% 21.7%
6.3% 26.8%
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures rather than billion cubic metres. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 24 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants,
together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
27
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
574.2
72.2
25.3
671.7
584.6
76.7
25.7
687.1
587.9
75.4
29.1
692.4
578.0
76.5
31.9
686.4
579.9
74.8
33.6
688.3
602.7
74.7
34.6
712.1
577.3
74.5
35.1
686.9
595.5
77.0
38.4
710.9
578.8
82.9
41.2
703.0
580.5
83.4
43.8
707.7
570.1
82.3
44.6
697.1
–1.5%
–1.1%
2.3%
–1.2%
23.0%
3.3%
1.8%
28.2%
24.3
4.3
1.5
4.0
0.1
0.4
24.8
6.5
65.8
27.9
5.0
1.5
4.2
0.1
0.4
26.8
7.4
73.2
25.7
5.4
2.5
5.3
0.1
0.2
27.7
7.7
74.6
27.5
5.6
2.9
5.6
0.1
0.4
29.1
9.0
80.2
29.1
6.4
4.1
4.7
0.1
0.4
24.7
10.2
79.6
29.9
8.4
4.7
5.3
0.1
0.3
25.1
10.7
84.6
28.0
10.5
5.7
5.5
0.1
0.3
26.6
12.2
89.0
27.2
13.0
5.9
5.5
0.1
0.4
25.6
13.0
90.7
31.1
14.3
6.4
5.4
†
0.5
22.7
14.3
94.8
34.1
17.1
7.5
5.7
0.2
0.8
25.3
15.4
105.9
36.5
18.2
6.8
6.1
0.2
1.4
26.1
16.4
111.7
7.4%
6.7%
– 8.2%
7.5%
0.3%
84.2%
3.2%
7.1%
5.7%
1.5%
0.7%
0.3%
0.2%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
7.1
7.2
11.1
10.6
4.5
6.5
3.1
2.9
29.6
67.0
†
9.2
–
2.3
44.9
9.7
2.1
34.0
2.7
8.9
–
21.6
340.0
5.1
7.5
0.7
2.2
6.2
7.2
68.6
63.5
38.1
12.4
836.5
7.6
5.3
11.7
11.8
4.6
7.6
3.7
3.0
32.5
75.2
†
10.2
–
2.7
46.4
8.1
2.3
37.5
2.9
9.5
–
21.8
341.9
5.5
8.4
0.8
2.4
8.1
9.0
74.2
73.9
39.0
12.2
879.7
7.3
5.0
13.3
11.3
3.7
7.7
3.9
2.9
31.2
71.3
0.2
9.7
–
2.8
47.9
6.4
2.4
35.2
3.3
9.4
0.1
18.0
315.3
5.6
11.1
0.7
2.3
8.5
9.1
66.8
76.0
40.9
13.3
842.4
7.5
4.7
13.5
12.4
3.1
7.7
4.3
3.3
33.3
71.7
0.7
9.8
–
2.8
51.5
6.5
2.1
34.9
3.4
9.5
0.7
16.8
328.3
5.7
11.8
0.8
2.4
8.9
9.2
61.9
79.1
42.3
13.2
863.9
7.6
5.0
13.8
13.3
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.3
33.9
72.1
1.2
9.9
–
3.0
56.0
7.1
2.2
34.1
3.2
9.3
2.0
15.5
327.3
5.8
13.5
0.8
2.4
10.8
10.2
65.7
83.2
44.3
11.6
883.2
7.3
4.9
14.6
13.4
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.7
71.5
1.7
9.7
–
3.4
58.4
8.7
2.5
35.3
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
339.5
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
12.7
11.3
65.8
87.2
42.4
12.1
911.7
7.7
7.0
14.5
13.2
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.5
74.6
1.7
10.7
–
3.6
58.5
9.1
2.5
35.2
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
335.4
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.6
63.8
86.7
46.0
13.3
922.8
7.7
7.0
14.9
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
37.5
74.3
1.8
10.8
–
3.7
58.1
10.0
2.6
35.4
3.6
10.1
2.5
15.5
350.0
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.9
62.8
85.6
47.2
12.4
940.7
8.5
7.2
14.7
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
39.0
77.0
2.0
11.8
–
3.7
63.8
12.0
2.8
36.2
3.9
10.1
2.7
16.5
353.6
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
13.2
61.2
85.8
42.5
12.8
963.5
8.5
7.7
16.6
14.9
2.6
7.8
4.7
3.9
40.1
77.3
2.2
11.7
–
3.6
66.2
13.9
2.8
37.0
4.1
11.8
2.8
15.7
361.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.9
65.6
87.3
40.3
12.9
991.1
9.0
7.9
17.0
15.2
2.9
7.7
4.5
3.6
40.5
77.3
2.3
12.1
–
3.5
71.1
16.0
2.9
35.5
4.0
12.2
2.7
15.6
364.6
5.3
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.6
14.9
65.6
85.1
39.6
13.8
1009.7
5.7%
3.0%
2.8%
2.3%
11.4%
–1.1%
– 3.7%
–7.1%
1.3%
0.3%
2.3%
3.6%
–
– 4.6%
7.7%
15.8%
5.1%
–3.6%
– 2.1%
4.1%
– 0.5%
– 0.7%
1.1%
–3.1%
18.2%
– 4.5%
2.9%
24.1%
7.5%
0.3%
– 2.2%
–1.4%
7.0%
2.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.6%
3.1%
0.1%
0.5%
–
0.1%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%
1.4%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
14.7%
0.2%
1.2%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
31.7
8.4
12.2
38.6
22.3
14.5
127.6
35.0
8.4
12.3
40.0
24.4
15.6
135.7
42.4
8.3
13.1
40.8
26.1
17.7
148.4
46.6
8.5
13.3
42.1
27.4
18.5
156.4
52.5
7.8
12.6
41.6
28.3
19.4
162.1
56.6
8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
19.9
166.9
63.2
7.7
9.9
48.3
29.1
20.5
178.6
71.3
7.2
10.0
51.0
32.8
21.2
193.6
74.6
8.2
11.0
54.1
34.1
21.5
203.4
77.9
8.7
13.4
59.1
36.2
22.8
218.1
79.6
8.7
14.3
62.6
36.4
24.3
225.9
2.5%
0.3%
6.8%
6.1%
0.8%
7.1%
3.9%
3.2%
0.4%
0.6%
2.5%
1.5%
1.0%
9.1%
18.9
9.9
–
11.5
40.3
19.4
10.2
–
12.9
42.5
18.1
10.4
–
12.9
41.5
18.8
10.8
–
13.4
42.9
19.2
12.9
–
13.7
45.8
17.9
16.5
–
15.3
49.6
18.5
19.3
–
15.4
53.2
18.2
20.4
–
15.5
54.1
19.3
22.1
–
17.2
58.6
19.8
23.6
–
18.3
61.8
21.7
23.0
–
19.4
64.1
9.8%
– 2.6%
–
6.3%
4.0%
0.9%
0.9%
–
0.8%
2.6%
18.4
6.6
15.6
†
17.4
27.0
55.1
12.4
3.7
13.1
†
1.4
9.2
3.9
8.8
3.1
195.8
18.7
6.8
16.1
1.5
18.5
29.0
57.6
16.0
4.3
13.8
†
1.4
12.2
4.0
10.3
3.5
213.5
19.3
6.8
17.1
2.4
20.7
28.7
59.4
15.0
4.6
14.0
†
1.4
14.8
4.6
12.8
3.9
225.4
20.1
7.0
17.7
2.2
22.2
25.0
61.8
15.7
4.0
14.4
†
1.4
13.8
5.7
13.6
4.2
228.9
20.9
7.5
18.8
2.4
23.3
28.7
64.5
14.5
4.7
15.6
†
1.4
16.8
5.6
14.8
4.5
243.8
21.5
9.0
21.5
2.2
24.2
29.1
67.4
21.9
4.9
17.0
†
1.6
18.9
6.1
17.3
4.6
267.0
22.1
9.7
24.1
2.2
24.5
30.1
68.9
23.2
5.2
17.8
0.1
4.1
20.8
6.7
20.0
4.7
284.2
22.7
10.3
25.7
2.1
25.9
31.1
67.7
24.1
4.9
18.5
1.6
4.4
23.1
7.7
21.6
4.8
296.1
23.5
11.1
29.9
1.4
26.9
30.1
74.3
28.6
3.7
20.8
2.4
4.8
24.2
7.8
23.7
5.1
318.4
22.8
12.0
35.1
2.0
29.5
33.2
70.9
30.5
3.3
24.2
2.1
5.9
28.4
9.2
24.6
7.0
340.6
23.1
12.8
42.3
1.9
33.0
35.5
73.0
31.4
3.2
26.9
2.7
5.9
30.0
9.6
26.9
8.0
366.2
1.6%
7.1%
20.8%
–1.3%
12.2%
7.2%
3.3%
3.4%
– 3.3%
11.5%
27.6%
–1.2%
6.1%
5.1%
9.5%
14.4%
7.8%
0.9%
0.5%
1.7%
0.1%
1.3%
1.4%
2.9%
1.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%
0.4%
1.1%
0.3%
14.8%
1937.7
307.4
1072.0
492.3
373.4
2031.8
341.0
1129.5
498.5
403.8
2024.7
339.0
1138.7
467.1
418.9
2058.6
352.2
1148.4
476.5
433.7
2102.8
366.0
1173.0
482.6
447.2
2191.9
377.9
1216.4
496.7
478.8
2214.7
387.2
1205.9
497.6
511.2
2286.0
387.8
1233.3
513.3
539.5
2341.7
405.1
1253.2
514.2
574.3
2425.2
417.0
1270.4
529.3
625.6
2474.7
424.1
1275.1
536.3
663.2
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
4.5%
0.1%
1.0%
0.6%
2.6%
3.4%
1.6%
0.6%
40.8%
2.3% 100.0%
2.0% 17.1%
0.7% 51.5%
1.6% 21.7%
6.3% 26.8%
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 25 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants,
together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
28
Consumption by area
Billion cubic metres
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
80
81
82
83
North America
84
85
86
Europe & Eurasia
87
88
Asia Pacific
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
05
04
Rest of World
Natural gas consumption grew in every region except North America. Global consumption growth was close to the 10-year average, with the strongest growth in Asia.
Chinese consumption rose by more than 20%. Consumption growth was also strong in southern Europe.
Consumption per capita
Tonnes oil equivalent (toe)
toe per capita
0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
29
Trade movements 2005 by pipeline
Billion cubic metres
To
North America
USA
Canada
Mexico
From
USA
Canada
Mex- ArgenBelico
tina Bolivia gium
– 104.18 0.03
10.14
–
–
10.14
–
–
–
–
–
Denmark
Ger- Nethermany
lands
Norway
UK
Other
Russian TurkmeEurope &
Fed. nistan Ukraine Eurasia
Iran Oman Algeria Egypt Libya
Indonesia
Total
Mal- Myanaysia mar imports
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 104.21
– 10.14
– 10.14
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.74
8.83
6.50
0.12
1.10
– 0.78
– 6.80
–
1.20 7.95 8.50 0.97 0.30
–
–
–
–
– 2.85
–
–
–
–
– 1.13
–
–
– 2.35
– 7.13
–
–
–
–
– 4.20
–
0.10 8.30 14.20 0.20 11.50
–
– 21.30 26.30 3.08 36.54
–
–
–
–
– 2.40
–
0.83
–
–
– 8.32
–
–
–
– 3.05
–
–
2.50 8.00 6.90 0.54 23.33
–
–
–
–
– 1.75
–
–
–
–
– 2.93
–
0.70
–
–
–
–
–
4.50
– 6.16 1.82 2.97
–
0.39
– 0.54
– 6.40 1.10
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.30
–
–
– 3.95
–
–
–
–
– 2.15
–
–
–
–
– 6.40
–
–
–
–
– 0.56
–
–
– 2.10
–
–
–
0.15
–
–
–
–
–
1.20 0.90
–
– 0.37
–
–
–
–
– 17.83
–
1.00 0.30 11.55
–
–
–
0.20
– 0.08
– 1.47
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.20
–
0.30
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.00
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.04
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.37
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.78
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.10
–
–
–
–
–
0.37
–
– 4.32
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
25.23
–
–
–
–
–
2.62
–
–
–
0.44
9.49
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 4.49
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8.68
18.92
2.85
1.17
9.48
4.20
36.20
90.70
2.40
10.82
3.05
70.99
1.75
2.93
1.40
17.58
10.21
2.62
6.25
2.15
6.40
1.10
11.59
1.03
2.84
22.15
14.65
1.75
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.80
1.10
1.40
–
–
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Others
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.74
– 0.20 8.63
– 6.50
–
– 0.12
–
Europe
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Others
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.90
–
–
– 2.28
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.70
–
–
– 2.13
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.88
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.80
–
–
–
–
Middle East
Iran
Jordan
United Arab Emirates
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 5.80
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.40
Africa
Tunisia
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.30
–
–
–
1.30
Asia Pacific
Singapore
Thailand
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 4.83 1.78
–
–
–
– 8.90
6.61
8.90
20.28 104.18 0.03 6.82 10.37 4.40 5.29 15.17 46.75 79.46 9.66 151.28 6.90
2.50
TOTAL EXPORTS
–
–
– 1.10
–
–
–
–
3.66 4.32 1.40 39.08 1.10 4.49 4.83 1.78 8.90 532.65
Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.
Data excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union.
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
Trade movements 2005 – liquefied natural gas (LNG)
Billion cubic metres
From
USA
Trinidad
& Tobago
Oman
Qatar
UAE
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Australia
Brunei
Indonesia
Malaysia
Total
imports
–
12.44
0.07
0.08
–
2.75
2.05
–
0.23
–
–
–
0.25
17.87
S. & Cent. America
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
–
–
0.25
0.67
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.25
0.67
Europe
Belgium
France
Greece
Italy
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
UK
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.08
–
–
–
–
0.50
–
0.07
–
0.08
–
–
–
1.65
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.56
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.31
–
–
2.90
7.50
0.46
2.50
–
5.19
3.85
0.45
–
1.05
–
–
–
3.53
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.87
–
–
–
4.20
–
–
1.58
5.00
1.03
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.08
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.16
–
–
2.98
12.83
0.46
2.50
1.58
21.85
4.88
0.52
Asia Pacific
India
Japan
South Korea
Taiwan
–
1.84
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.08
1.25
5.93
0.16
5.80
8.35
8.31
–
–
6.75
0.08
–
–
0.08
–
–
–
–
0.30
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.16
13.05
1.16
0.40
–
8.35
0.80
–
–
19.00
7.51
4.95
–
17.65
6.36
4.10
6.04
76.32
30.45
9.61
TOTAL EXPORTS
1.84
14.01
9.22
27.10
7.14
25.68
6.93
0.87
12.04
14.85
9.15
31.46
28.52
188.81
To
North America
USA
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
30
Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)
88.41
43.57
64.94
17.83
104.18
11.55
3.05
6.61
10.14
9.49
2.62
2.75
10.14
8.35
21.30 4.58
19.00
25.23
6.75
5.80
3.85
8.31
1.84
4.32
5.93
2.05
4.49
6.36
4.56
12.44
5.80
17.65
4.10
7.51
8.90
4.95
8.35
11.81
4.83
19.00
8.63
13.05
USA
Canada
Mexico
6.50
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Natural gas
LNG
Prices
US dollars per million Btu
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
LNG
Japan
cif
European
Union cif
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
3.83
3.65
2.59
2.36
2.09
2.82
3.18
2.76
2.53
2.24
2.37
2.43
2.65
2.26
1.80
3.25
4.15
3.46
4.40
4.56
6.28
Natural gas
UK
Heren NBP index†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.85
2.03
1.92
1.64
2.68
3.22
2.58
3.26
4.69
6.69
USA
Henry Hub‡
–
–
–
–
1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
Canada
Alberta‡
Crude oil
OECD
countries cif
–
–
–
–
–
1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.73
†Source: Heren Energy Ltd.
‡Source: Natural Gas Week.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
31
Coal
Anthracite
and
bituminous
Subbituminous
and lignite
Total
Share
of total
R/P ratio
111338
3471
860
115669
135305
3107
351
138763
246643
6578
1211
254432
27.1%
0.7%
0.1%
28.0%
240
101
121
231
–
6230
479
992
7701
10113
381
–
1698
12192
10113
6611
479
2690
19893
1.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%
2.2%
*
112
56
*
269
4
2094
15
183
–
198
28151
14000
22
49088
200
278
16274
220
1529
112256
2183
3458
–
6556
3900
3159
3128
–
472
107922
330
3908
17879
–
21944
174839
2187
5552
15
6739
3900
3357
31279
14000
494
157010
530
4186
34153
220
23473
287095
0.2%
0.6%
83
90
25
33
54
351
362
88
16
*
27
68
436
11
370
241
48750
502
910
419
50581
–
–
174
–
174
48750
502
1084
419
50755
5.4%
0.1%
0.1%
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
38600
62200
90085
740
359
33
300
–
–
–
150
97
192564
39900
52300
2360
4228
–
538
300
3050
80
1354
–
215
104325
78500
114500
92445
4968
359
571
600
3050
80
1354
150
312
296889
8.6%
12.6%
10.2%
0.5%
32.7%
213
52
217
37
323
111
20
*
28
64
5
25
92
TOTAL WORLD
of which: OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
478771
172363
94513
211895
430293
200857
132741
96695
909064
373220
227254
308590
100.0%
41.1%
25.0%
33.9%
155
178
487
94
Proved reserves at end 2005
Million tonnes
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Africa & Middle East
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
3.4%
1.5%
0.1%
17.3%
0.1%
0.5%
3.8%
2.6%
31.6%
5.6%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
198
126
493
399
200
*More than 500 years.
Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the
future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that level.
Prices
US dollars per tonne
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
†Source: McCloskey Coal Information Service.
‡Price is for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO2 coal, fob. Source: Platts.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.
32
Northwest
Europe
marker price†
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.29
31.65
42.52
71.90
61.07
US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡
29.00
28.54
29.85
31.71
26.98
29.87
29.76
31.01
31.28
29.91
49.75
32.96
38.49
64.36
70.82
Japan coking
coal import
cif price
Japan steam
coal import
cif price
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
Proved reserves at end 2005
Thousand million tonnes (share of anthracite and bituminous coal is shown in brackets)
Europe & Eurasia
287.1 (112.3)
Asia Pacific
296.9 (192.6)
North America
254.4 (115.7)
Africa
50.3 (50.2)
S. & Cent. America
19.9 (7.7)
Middle East
0.4 (0.4)
Production
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Million tonnes oil equivalent
1700
1700
1600
1600
1500
1500
1400
1400
1300
1300
1200
1200
1100
1100
1000
1000
900
900
800
800
700
700
600
600
500
500
400
400
300
300
200
200
100
100
0
North
America
1995
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Africa &
Middle East
Asia
Pacific
0
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Africa &
Middle East
Asia
Pacific
2005
Coal was again the world’s fastest-growing fuel and global consumption growth was twice the 10-year average. Growth was concentrated in China, the largest coal
consumer, which accounted for 80% of global growth. Growth in the USA was also relatively strong.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
33
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
550.7
40.8
4.1
595.7
567.1
41.6
4.6
613.2
580.3
43.0
4.5
627.8
598.4
40.8
4.8
644.0
579.7
39.2
4.9
623.8
565.6
37.1
5.4
608.1
587.3
37.6
5.4
630.3
565.6
34.9
5.2
605.7
549.3
32.2
4.6
586.0
567.9
34.9
4.7
607.4
576.2
34.4
4.8
615.3
1.7%
–1.0%
1.5%
1.6%
20.0%
1.2%
0.2%
21.3%
2.0
16.7
3.2
1.2
23.1
1.8
19.5
3.1
1.2
25.6
2.1
21.0
3.9
1.1
28.1
2.0
21.9
4.7
0.4
29.1
2.1
21.3
4.8
0.5
28.7
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.5
34.0
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.5
36.8
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.3
39.7
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
2.2
38.4
6.2
0.5
47.3
5.6%
10.4%
5.1%
0.1%
1.3%
0.2%
10.1%
1.6%
5.2
27.3
5.3
74.6
7.5
2.6
42.6
91.1
9.3
118.5
10.2
12.1
44.2
31.8
14.0
496.4
5.2
27.0
5.2
70.0
7.2
3.2
39.3
94.5
9.6
114.4
10.0
12.3
39.1
30.2
13.4
480.4
4.9
27.9
4.3
66.9
7.7
3.3
37.3
92.1
7.4
109.3
9.8
13.1
39.8
29.4
15.9
469.2
5.0
26.0
3.6
61.3
8.1
3.0
36.0
79.6
5.7
103.9
9.3
13.9
39.9
25.0
16.7
437.0
4.2
23.1
3.3
59.4
8.0
3.1
30.0
77.0
5.1
112.0
8.6
13.3
41.3
22.5
13.4
424.3
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
115.8
8.0
13.9
42.2
19.0
14.0
428.6
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
121.5
7.6
14.2
43.8
19.4
14.3
437.3
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
114.8
7.2
11.5
43.0
18.2
15.2
422.2
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.5
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
124.9
6.8
10.5
41.5
17.2
15.6
434.6
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.6
2.3
44.4
70.5
6.7
128.6
6.7
10.5
41.9
15.3
15.6
435.2
4.4 –1.0%
23.5
0.2%
0.2 –37.0%
53.2 –2.4%
9.6
0.2%
2.0 –15.3%
44.0 –0.6%
68.7 –2.3%
6.5 –2.0%
137.0
6.8%
6.4 –4.4%
12.8 21.9%
40.7 –2.6%
12.5 –17.6%
14.6 –6.4%
436.2
0.5%
0.2%
0.8%
1.8%
0.3%
0.1%
1.5%
2.4%
0.2%
4.7%
0.2%
0.4%
1.4%
0.4%
0.5%
15.1%
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.3%
116.9
3.6
1.4
121.9
116.9
3.3
1.3
121.5
124.6
3.4
1.2
129.2
127.1
3.5
1.4
132.0
125.6
3.2
1.3
130.1
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.7
126.0
2.9
1.2
130.0
124.1
2.6
1.3
128.0
133.9
2.0
1.2
137.0
136.9
2.4
1.3
140.6
138.9
2.6
1.3
142.8
1.8%
7.0%
4.0%
1.9%
4.8%
0.1%
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
129.5
686.3
135.2
25.7
3.4
2.1
1.4
2.6
5.5
3.9
20.2
1015.9
133.6
703.2
145.7
31.0
3.6
2.2
1.5
2.2
6.3
4.9
17.9
1052.2
148.1
690.0
149.6
33.7
2.4
2.0
1.4
2.0
6.9
6.4
17.2
1059.7
149.8
628.7
150.3
38.3
2.0
2.0
1.5
2.0
6.1
6.4
15.7
1002.7
160.6
645.9
147.4
45.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
1.9
5.7
4.9
18.0
1035.5
166.2
656.7
157.0
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.3
1065.5
179.8
697.6
160.3
56.9
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
19.7
1134.8
184.0
733.7
168.1
63.6
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.0
1189.9
189.5
868.4
175.9
69.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
19.5
1345.6
197.0
1007.3
191.0
81.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
20.4
1524.2
202.4
3.0%
1107.7 10.3%
199.6
4.8%
83.2
2.5%
0.6 –16.9%
3.2
1.6
7.7%
1.3 –11.7%
5.9
6.0%
18.3 24.5%
21.2
4.4%
1644.9
8.2%
7.0%
38.4%
6.9%
2.9%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2253.6
997.0
206.5
1050.1
2293.6
1015.4
193.8
1084.4
2314.5
1038.6
187.6
1088.4
2245.5
1031.2
180.8
1033.5
2243.1
1010.4
184.4
1048.3
2267.4
989.1
197.4
1080.9
2369.8
1023.9
207.0
1138.9
2380.0
998.0
196.6
1185.5
2543.6
981.9
210.4
1351.3
2751.0
1006.2
215.9
1528.9
2887.2
1013.4
222.9
1650.9
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
Less than 0.05%.
More than 100%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
34
4.9%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.7%
57.0%
5.2% 100.0%
1.0% 35.1%
3.5%
7.7%
8.3% 57.2%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
506.3
25.2
5.0
536.5
529.3
25.7
5.7
560.7
540.4
26.8
5.7
573.0
545.8
28.1
5.9
579.7
544.9
27.8
6.0
578.7
569.1
29.4
6.2
604.6
552.3
32.0
6.8
591.1
552.0
31.0
7.6
590.6
562.5
30.6
8.6
601.7
566.2
30.5
7.0
603.7
575.4
1.9%
32.5
6.8%
6.0 –13.8%
613.9
2.0%
0.9
10.8
2.4
3.4
–
0.4
†
0.4
18.3
0.9
11.3
3.2
2.9
–
0.3
†
0.5
19.1
0.8
11.5
4.2
3.0
–
0.4
†
0.4
20.3
0.8
11.4
3.7
2.8
–
0.4
†
0.5
19.7
0.9
11.9
3.9
2.4
–
0.5
0.1
0.6
20.2
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7
–
0.5
†
0.6
20.2
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7
–
0.4
†
0.7
19.0
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.5
–
0.4
0.1
0.9
18.2
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4
–
0.5
0.1
1.3
19.0
0.8
12.8
2.9
2.0
–
0.6
0.1
1.4
20.4
0.8
6.5%
13.5
6.0%
2.4 –16.5%
2.3 14.2%
–
–
0.6
9.4%
0.1
0.3%
1.4
3.5%
21.1
3.5%
2.4
–
0.3
9.8
7.8
23.5
6.6
3.1
14.5
90.6
8.2
3.6
0.1
1.9
12.5
27.5
0.1
9.8
0.7
71.7
4.2
9.7
119.4
5.1
18.5
2.1
0.2
17.5
†
42.1
47.5
1.4
18.2
580.3
2.7
–
0.5
7.6
8.4
23.6
9.0
4.0
15.4
89.9
7.8
3.7
0.1
1.9
11.2
25.9
0.1
9.3
0.6
73.2
3.9
9.5
115.7
5.0
15.5
2.4
0.1
20.7
†
33.2
44.4
1.2
18.3
564.9
3.1
–
0.6
7.5
7.8
22.8
6.7
4.5
13.4
86.8
7.6
3.7
0.1
2.0
11.0
22.4
0.1
9.5
0.6
70.1
3.6
8.4
106.3
4.7
17.7
2.1
0.1
22.3
–
38.0
39.6
1.2
21.3
545.8
3.0
–
0.4
7.9
8.2
20.5
5.6
3.4
16.1
84.8
8.8
3.4
0.1
1.9
11.6
22.9
0.1
9.4
0.7
63.8
3.6
7.0
100.0
4.5
17.7
2.0
0.1
24.0
–
36.9
39.7
1.2
21.7
530.8
3.2
–
0.1
6.9
6.6
19.0
4.7
3.6
14.3
80.2
9.1
3.4
0.1
1.6
11.6
19.8
0.1
7.7
0.7
61.0
3.6
6.7
104.1
4.3
20.5
2.0
0.1
22.6
–
38.5
35.6
0.9
17.0
509.6
3.2
–
0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
0.1
1.9
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
106.0
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5
–
38.8
36.7
1.0
18.0
527.3
2.9
†
0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
0.1
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
109.0
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8
–
39.4
40.0
1.1
17.3
527.2
3.0
†
0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
0.1
1.7
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.9
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2
–
38.3
36.6
1.0
19.0
520.5
2.9
†
0.1
6.5
7.3
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
0.1
1.8
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
109.4
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8
–
39.0
38.8
1.0
20.1
540.8
2.4
†
0.1
6.4
7.7
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.9
7.4
106.8
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0
–
38.1
38.1
1.2
20.9
536.7
2.5
†
0.1
6.4
7.4
20.5
3.6
2.5
13.3
82.1
9.0
2.7
0.1
1.9
16.9
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
56.7
3.8
7.1
111.6
4.3
21.4
2.2
0.1
26.1
–
37.4
39.1
1.1
21.3
537.5
2.2%
50.4%
–12.0%
–0.3%
–3.6%
0.6%
–20.8%
–52.9%
3.6%
–3.6%
0.2%
–13.1%
–3.5%
1.0%
–1.1%
2.8%
3.4%
–4.4%
–15.0%
–0.7%
–1.1%
–3.5%
4.8%
6.0%
1.8%
–3.5%
1.1%
14.0%
–
–1.6%
2.8%
–7.7%
2.3%
0.4%
0.7%
18.3%
1.4
–
–
–
–
4.1
5.5
1.2
–
–
–
–
5.0
6.1
0.9
–
–
–
–
5.4
6.3
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.8
6.8
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.7
6.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
6.2
7.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.2
8.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.6
8.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
1.1
–
–
–
–
8.0
9.1
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
0.3%
–
–
–
–
–0.3%
–0.2%
–
–
–
–
0.3%
0.3%
0.6
0.7
77.4
6.7
85.3
0.5
0.9
81.7
6.8
89.8
0.3
0.8
84.3
6.8
92.3
0.5
0.8
83.4
7.0
91.6
0.5
0.6
82.3
6.5
89.9
0.5
0.6
81.9
6.4
89.4
0.6
0.7
80.6
7.4
89.3
0.9
0.7
83.5
7.2
92.3
0.8
0.5
89.3
6.6
97.2
0.8
0.5
94.5
7.0
102.9
0.9
0.5
91.9
7.0
100.3
6.8%
0.3%
–2.5%
–0.2%
–2.3%
3.1%
0.2%
3.4%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
41.1
0.3
694.6
5.6
142.8
5.7
86.2
1.5
1.2
2.2
1.4
–
28.1
17.1
7.1
21.3
1056.1
42.8
0.2
729.4
4.2
154.4
6.9
88.3
1.5
1.2
2.2
2.0
–
32.2
19.4
8.7
19.1
1112.4
45.1
0.3
700.2
3.5
160.2
8.2
89.8
1.7
1.2
2.1
2.4
–
34.8
21.9
8.7
19.9
1100.0
47.3
0.1
651.9
4.4
159.8
9.3
88.4
1.6
1.1
2.1
2.7
–
36.1
23.8
7.3
18.4
1054.3
47.9
†
656.2
3.9
158.9
11.6
91.5
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9
–
38.2
24.9
7.9
19.1
1068.2
48.3
0.3
667.4
3.7
169.1
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3
–
43.0
28.9
7.8
21.7
1112.2
49.6
0.4
681.3
4.9
172.1
16.7
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5
–
45.7
30.8
8.8
22.5
1146.5
52.3
0.4
713.8
5.4
181.7
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7
–
49.1
32.9
9.2
22.0
1203.2
50.9
0.4
853.1
6.6
188.4
17.9
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7
–
51.1
35.3
9.4
22.5
1361.5
52.4
0.4
978.2
6.6
203.7
22.1
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.5
5.0
–
53.1
36.8
10.6
25.4
1526.2
52.2
0.4
1081.9
7.2
212.9
23.5
121.3
6.3
2.1
4.1
5.9
–
54.8
38.2
11.8
25.7
1648.1
–0.1%
0.3%
10.9%
9.1%
4.8%
6.4%
0.7%
9.9%
6.0%
14.8%
17.7%
–
3.4%
4.2%
12.1%
1.8%
8.3%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2281.9
337.5
1047.0
192.4
1042.5
2353.0
332.4
1077.2
178.6
1097.2
2337.7
318.5
1083.5
171.2
1083.0
2282.9
309.5
1085.1
163.2
1034.6
2273.2
294.1
1073.2
164.4
1035.7
2360.9
302.2
1122.8
169.9
1068.2
2381.3
302.6
1114.5
172.7
1094.0
2433.5
300.8
1121.1
166.9
1145.5
2629.2
309.9
1148.7
175.6
1304.8
2798.9
305.7
1159.9
173.7
1465.2
2929.8
299.0
1168.5
178.2
1583.1
5.0% 100.0%
–1.9% 10.2%
1.0% 39.9%
2.9%
6.1%
8.3% 54.0%
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
2005
share
of total
19.6%
1.1%
0.2%
21.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
–
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.5%
2.8%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.6%
0.9%
0.3%
1.9%
0.1%
0.2%
3.8%
0.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.9%
–
1.3%
1.3%
1.8%
36.9%
0.2%
7.3%
0.8%
4.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
–
1.9%
1.3%
0.4%
0.9%
56.3%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
35
Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2005
share
of total
–0.8%
2.1%
17.1%
–0.3%
29.6%
3.3%
0.4%
33.4%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
160.4
22.1
1.9
184.5
160.7
21.0
1.8
183.5
149.8
18.7
2.4
170.8
160.5
16.2
2.1
178.8
173.5
16.6
2.3
192.4
179.6
16.5
1.9
197.9
183.2
17.4
2.0
202.5
185.8
17.1
2.2
205.1
181.9
16.9
2.4
201.3
187.8
20.5
2.1
210.4
1.6
0.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.2
1.7
0.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.2
1.8
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.7
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.4
1.6
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.4
1.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
1.6
3.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
1.3
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.7
3.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
1.8
2.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.6 –12.6%
2.2 –17.8%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.7 –15.7%
0.2%
0.3%
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.6%
–
–
–
9.4
3.9
2.8
–
4.3
85.4
34.9
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
2.7
0.9
–
–
–
–
22.5
2.6
12.5
15.8
5.6
–
–
16.0
20.1
–
1.2
243.7
–
–
–
9.8
4.1
2.9
–
4.4
89.9
36.6
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
0.3
24.7
2.6
12.7
16.6
5.7
–
–
18.0
21.4
–
1.6
258.6
–
–
–
10.7
4.0
2.8
–
4.8
89.5
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
0.1
2.7
0.5
–
–
–
1.2
24.5
2.4
12.5
15.8
5.8
–
–
18.0
22.2
–
1.5
260.8
–
–
–
10.5
3.8
3.0
–
5.0
87.8
36.6
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
3.1
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
23.6
2.6
13.4
15.9
5.8
–
–
17.0
22.5
–
1.5
257.3
–
–
–
11.1
3.6
3.0
–
5.3
89.2
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
27.1
3.0
13.3
16.6
5.6
–
–
16.3
21.5
–
1.5
263.2
–
–
–
10.9
4.1
3.1
–
5.1
94.0
38.4
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0
–
–
17.5
19.3
–
1.5
267.4
–
–
–
10.5
4.4
3.3
–
5.2
95.3
38.8
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.6
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.1
–
–
17.2
20.4
–
1.6
276.3
–
–
–
10.7
4.6
4.2
–
5.4
98.8
37.3
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.2
–
–
17.7
19.9
–
1.8
280.9
–
–
–
10.8
3.9
5.9
–
5.5
99.8
37.4
–
2.5
–
–
–
–
3.5
0.9
–
–
–
1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2
–
–
18.4
20.1
–
1.6
284.5
–
–
–
10.9
3.8
6.0
–
5.5
101.7
37.8
–
2.7
–
–
–
–
3.4
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1
–
–
19.7
18.1
–
1.8
287.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.1
2.2%
4.2 11.5%
5.6 –5.8%
–
–
5.5 –0.1%
102.4
1.0%
36.9 –2.2%
–
–
3.1 16.4%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.3 –31.4%
4.9%
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.3 –0.2%
33.9
3.7%
4.0
4.4%
13.0 –9.3%
16.3 –6.0%
5.3 –13.2%
–
–
–
–
20.1
2.4%
18.5
2.3%
–
–
1.9
9.7%
286.3 –0.3%
–
–
–
1.8%
0.7%
0.9%
–
0.9%
16.3%
5.9%
–
0.5%
–
–
–
–
0.4%
0.1%
–
–
–
0.2%
5.4%
0.6%
2.1%
2.6%
0.8%
–
–
3.2%
2.9%
–
0.3%
45.6%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.7
–
2.7
–
–
2.8
–
2.8
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.2
–
3.2
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
2.6
–
2.6
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.4
–
3.4
–
–
–
–
2.9 –14.1%
–
–
2.9 –14.1%
–
–
0.5%
–
0.5%
–
–
2.9
–
1.7
–
65.1
–
–
0.1
–
–
15.2
8.0
–
–
93.0
–
–
3.2
–
1.9
–
67.3
–
–
0.1
–
–
16.7
8.6
–
–
97.8
–
–
3.3
–
2.3
–
72.8
–
–
0.1
–
–
17.4
8.2
–
–
104.1
–
–
3.2
–
2.6
–
74.0
–
–
0.1
–
–
20.3
8.3
–
–
108.5
–
–
3.4
–
2.9
–
71.9
–
–
†
–
–
23.3
8.7
–
–
110.2
–
–
3.8
–
3.6
–
72.3
–
–
0.2
–
–
24.7
8.7
–
–
113.3
–
–
4.0
–
4.3
–
72.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
25.4
8.0
–
–
114.8
–
–
5.7
–
4.4
–
71.3
–
–
0.4
–
–
27.0
9.0
–
–
117.7
–
–
9.8
–
4.1
–
52.1
–
–
0.4
–
–
29.3
8.8
–
–
104.6
–
–
11.4
–
3.8
–
64.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
29.6
8.9
–
–
119.0
–
–
11.8
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
125.0
–
–
4.0%
–
6.6%
–
2.8%
–
–
9.1%
–
–
12.6%
1.5%
–
–
5.4%
–
–
1.9%
–
0.6%
–
10.6%
–
–
0.1%
–
–
5.3%
1.4%
–
–
19.9%
526.1
195.6
462.3
41.2
22.6
545.0
205.3
474.4
46.4
24.3
541.3
206.9
469.9
45.6
25.8
550.3
205.4
480.2
44.0
26.0
571.3
208.8
498.8
46.2
26.4
584.5
208.6
506.5
49.4
28.6
600.9
215.9
518.7
51.2
31.0
611.0
218.7
523.7
53.4
33.9
598.2
220.8
505.1
56.0
37.1
625.1
223.7
529.9
56.4
38.8
627.2
220.9
531.3
56.9
38.9
0.6% 100.0%
–1.0% 35.2%
0.5% 84.7%
1.2%
9.1%
0.7%
6.2%
*Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
36
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
185.9
20.8
2.4
209.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Consumption by area
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
80
81
82
North America
83
84
85
86
Europe & Eurasia
87
88
Asia Pacific
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
Rest of World
Global nuclear power generation grew slowly in 2005. Output fell in the USA and the European Union, but increased in Asia.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
37
Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
71.1
75.9
6.2
153.2
79.4
80.2
7.1
166.7
81.5
79.4
6.0
166.9
73.9
75.1
5.6
154.6
73.0
77.8
7.4
158.3
63.0
81.1
7.5
151.6
49.6
75.5
6.4
131.5
60.4
79.4
5.6
145.4
63.1
76.4
4.5
144.0
61.4
76.4
5.7
143.5
60.6
81.7
6.3
148.6
–1.0%
7.2%
10.5%
3.8%
9.1%
12.2%
0.9%
22.2%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
6.1
57.5
4.2
7.3
1.2
2.9
11.6
14.3
105.1
5.2
60.1
3.8
8.0
1.4
3.0
12.2
16.3
110.2
6.4
63.1
4.3
7.1
1.5
3.0
13.0
17.2
115.6
6.0
66.0
3.6
6.9
1.5
3.1
13.1
17.3
117.5
4.9
66.3
3.1
7.6
1.6
3.3
13.7
17.7
118.2
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7
14.2
18.5
124.8
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0
13.7
17.0
117.3
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1
13.5
17.9
122.9
7.7
69.2
5.1
8.1
1.6
4.2
13.7
18.2
127.8
6.9
72.6
4.8
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.8
132.6
7.9
77.0
5.9
9.0
1.7
4.3
17.6
18.3
141.7
15.1%
6.4%
22.0%
–0.4%
3.3%
8.7%
11.4%
2.9%
7.1%
1.2%
11.5%
0.9%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
2.6%
2.7%
21.2%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
8.7
0.4
†
0.5
0.5
0.5
†
2.9
17.2
5.5
0.9
†
1.1
0.2
9.5
1.9
0.2
†
27.7
0.9
1.9
3.8
40.1
1.2
5.5
15.3
8.1
8.0
–
2.3
1.4
1.4
15.1
182.7
8.1
0.3
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.7
15.9
4.9
1.0
†
1.1
0.2
10.7
1.7
0.2
†
23.5
0.9
3.4
3.6
34.9
1.0
9.4
11.7
6.7
9.2
–
2.0
1.1
1.5
16.8
174.0
8.4
0.4
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.7
15.3
4.7
0.9
0.1
1.2
0.2
10.6
1.5
0.2
†
25.1
0.9
3.0
4.0
35.6
1.0
8.5
15.6
8.0
8.8
–
2.3
1.3
1.3
15.2
178.3
8.8
0.4
†
0.6
0.8
0.4
†
3.3
14.9
4.8
0.9
†
1.3
0.3
10.7
1.4
0.2
†
26.3
1.0
3.0
4.3
35.9
1.0
8.8
16.7
7.8
9.6
–
3.6
1.5
1.3
15.6
185.2
9.4
0.3
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.9
17.6
5.3
1.1
†
1.4
0.2
11.7
1.4
0.2
†
27.6
1.0
1.7
4.1
36.4
1.1
7.0
16.2
9.3
7.8
–
3.3
1.9
1.3
16.8
188.7
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.6
0.5
†
3.3
16.4
5.9
0.9
†
1.4
0.3
11.5
1.7
0.1
†
32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
8.3
17.8
8.7
7.0
–
2.6
1.8
1.3
15.9
194.5
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.4
0.6
†
3.1
18.0
6.3
0.6
†
1.5
0.2
12.2
1.8
0.2
†
27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.9
17.9
9.7
5.4
–
2.8
1.5
1.2
15.4
195.3
9.5
0.5
†
0.6
0.6
0.6
†
2.4
15.1
6.4
0.8
†
1.6
0.3
10.7
2.0
0.2
†
29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.2
1.2
6.0
15.0
8.3
7.6
–
2.2
1.7
1.6
15.1
183.1
8.7
0.6
†
0.5
0.7
0.4
†
2.1
14.7
5.5
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
10.0
2.0
0.2
†
24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.6
0.8
9.9
12.1
8.3
8.0
–
2.1
1.3
1.7
16.0
175.8
9.0
0.6
†
0.6
0.7
0.6
†
3.4
14.7
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
11.3
1.8
0.2
†
24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.8
12.7
8.0
10.4
–
2.7
1.7
1.6
16.8
187.3
9.0
0.7
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
3.1
12.8
6.3
1.3
†
1.6
0.2
9.6
2.0
0.2
†
30.9
0.9
1.1
4.6
39.6
1.1
5.2
15.5
7.5
9.0
–
2.8
1.7
1.6
16.9
187.2
–0.4%
9.4%
0.3%
2.9%
7.7%
18.4%
–16.4%
–7.6%
–12.8%
2.1%
9.4%
–1.9%
–1.4%
–11.3%
–14.6%
7.3%
–12.4%
–8.8%
25.3%
2.7%
–51.0%
22.7%
–2.6%
12.6%
–33.1%
22.6%
–6.5%
–13.6%
–
4.5%
0.9%
5.2%
0.5%
0.2%
1.3%
0.1%
4.6%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
5.9%
0.2%
0.8%
2.3%
1.1%
1.3%
–
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
2.5%
28.0%
1.9
–
–
–
–
0.9
2.8
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
1.3
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.4
1.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.8
1.2
–
–
–
–
0.7
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.8
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.9
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
2.2
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.2
2.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.8
2.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.9
5.0%
–
–
–
–
0.4%
3.6%
0.4%
–
–
–
–
0.2%
0.6%
†
2.6
0.4
11.1
14.2
†
2.7
0.8
11.2
14.7
†
2.7
1.1
11.6
15.5
†
3.1
0.9
12.2
16.2
†
3.4
0.8
13.7
17.9
†
3.2
0.9
13.4
17.6
†
3.3
0.8
14.1
18.2
†
3.2
0.9
15.2
19.3
0.1
2.9
0.8
15.3
19.1
0.1
3.1
0.8
15.4
19.4
0.1
3.1
0.8
15.9
19.9
0.3%
–5.3%
3.3%
2.8%
0.5%
0.1%
2.4%
3.0%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
3.7
0.1
43.1
–
17.2
1.7
19.9
1.4
6.2
5.1
1.4
–
1.2
2.0
1.5
7.7
112.2
3.8
0.2
42.5
–
15.6
1.8
19.7
1.2
5.9
5.6
1.6
–
1.2
2.0
1.7
7.4
110.2
3.8
0.2
44.4
–
15.9
1.2
21.2
0.9
5.2
4.2
1.4
–
1.2
2.2
1.6
7.0
110.2
3.7
0.2
47.1
–
18.9
2.2
23.6
1.1
5.7
5.5
1.1
–
1.4
2.4
1.2
6.9
120.9
3.7
0.2
46.1
–
18.6
2.1
21.0
1.7
5.3
4.9
1.8
–
1.4
2.0
0.8
7.7
117.2
3.7
0.2
50.3
–
17.4
2.3
20.7
1.7
5.6
4.0
1.8
–
1.3
2.0
1.4
8.1
120.2
3.7
0.2
62.8
–
16.3
2.6
20.8
1.5
5.1
4.1
1.6
–
0.9
2.1
1.4
8.9
132.1
3.6
0.2
65.2
–
15.5
2.3
21.1
1.2
5.7
4.6
1.6
–
1.2
1.4
1.7
8.8
134.1
3.7
0.3
64.2
–
15.7
2.1
23.3
1.3
5.4
5.8
1.8
–
1.6
1.6
1.7
9.5
137.7
3.6
0.3
80.0
–
19.0
2.1
23.1
1.4
6.2
5.5
1.9
–
1.3
1.5
1.4
9.3
156.5
3.7
1.9%
0.3
2.2%
90.8 13.7%
–
–
21.7 14.9%
2.1
0.3%
19.8 –14.0%
1.5
7.4%
5.5 –10.9%
6.9 27.2%
1.9 –1.5%
–
–
1.2 –11.2%
1.8 21.0%
1.3 –3.7%
8.9 –3.4%
167.4
7.2%
0.6%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
570.3
73.8
301.3
54.6
214.3
578.7
73.5
309.6
48.9
220.2
588.8
75.6
315.5
49.3
224.1
597.2
78.7
310.7
51.1
235.4
602.2
79.8
313.8
51.5
236.9
610.5
83.5
313.9
52.1
244.6
596.3
87.8
292.1
54.2
250.1
607.8
74.7
297.1
52.0
258.7
607.6
73.4
291.8
51.2
264.7
643.2
75.4
296.1
57.0
290.1
668.7
70.8
296.8
56.5
315.3
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
*Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.05%.
More than 100%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt–hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
38
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.5%
1.9%
0.9%
0.2%
0.2%
1.4%
0.3%
13.6%
–
3.3%
0.3%
3.0%
0.2%
0.8%
1.0%
0.3%
–
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
1.3%
25.0%
4.2% 100.0%
–5.8% 10.6%
0.5% 44.4%
–0.6%
8.5%
9.0% 47.2%
Consumption by area
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
80
81
82
North America
83
84
85
86
S. & Cent. America
87
88
89
Europe & Eurasia
90
91
92
93
Middle East & Africa
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
05
04
Asia Pacific
Global hydroelectric output recorded a second consecutive above-average year. Rising capacity and recovery from drought in many parts of the world more than offset
continued drought in southern Europe.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
39
Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2005 over
2005
2004
2005
share
of total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2119.7
275.2
111.7
2506.6
2190.5
285.7
116.0
2592.3
2207.6
285.5
122.2
2615.4
2222.0
282.6
128.2
2632.8
2260.3
284.2
131.7
2676.1
2312.0
289.8
135.8
2737.6
2258.4
289.9
135.3
2683.5
2291.1
296.7
135.3
2723.1
2298.6
302.8
140.4
2741.8
2344.7
311.4
143.8
2799.9
2336.6
317.5
147.2
2801.3
–0.1%
2.2%
2.7%
0.3%
22.2%
3.0%
1.4%
26.6%
52.4
142.4
17.7
26.4
6.4
10.9
56.4
72.4
385.0
56.0
151.1
19.1
27.4
7.2
11.1
58.0
76.5
406.5
55.8
160.6
22.1
27.8
8.1
10.9
61.1
79.0
425.5
58.1
166.9
21.6
27.3
8.2
11.3
63.8
82.0
439.2
57.5
171.3
22.5
25.2
7.7
11.7
59.8
83.7
439.4
58.9
176.9
22.8
25.4
7.7
11.9
61.9
85.0
450.4
57.7
174.1
23.5
26.3
7.7
11.7
65.2
85.5
451.7
54.3
177.9
23.9
25.7
7.7
11.8
66.1
87.8
455.2
58.7
180.3
24.2
26.0
7.8
11.7
58.5
91.1
458.3
62.2
187.0
26.5
26.8
8.2
12.4
65.4
92.7
481.2
66.8
194.5
27.0
27.8
8.4
12.8
69.2
95.0
501.4
7.7%
4.3%
2.2%
3.9%
2.8%
2.9%
6.0%
2.8%
4.5%
0.6%
1.8%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.7%
0.9%
4.8%
29.5
14.1
21.8
56.7
22.3
41.3
20.2
23.1
235.7
333.1
26.7
23.6
1.9
10.2
162.4
51.2
8.2
82.7
40.7
96.4
19.1
48.6
668.1
17.3
100.5
50.1
27.9
60.1
9.9
147.8
214.4
47.7
67.1
2780.1
30.0
11.6
22.0
59.1
23.4
43.0
24.1
24.5
244.7
344.0
27.0
24.2
1.9
10.8
162.4
45.9
9.0
85.2
37.1
100.8
19.5
48.2
647.2
17.5
104.8
48.8
27.1
67.7
12.0
141.6
224.8
48.3
71.3
2809.4
30.7
11.1
22.7
60.3
20.7
41.7
21.7
25.1
241.0
337.8
27.2
23.8
2.1
11.6
163.9
40.7
8.6
84.7
39.3
98.6
20.5
45.2
610.9
17.1
111.7
50.4
28.9
69.6
12.1
138.9
220.4
50.5
74.1
2763.7
31.6
11.1
22.5
63.0
20.7
39.9
20.6
25.6
247.2
334.5
28.6
23.8
2.2
12.4
168.5
39.4
9.2
84.5
40.4
94.1
22.7
41.3
611.4
17.6
118.1
51.6
29.1
72.1
12.6
133.7
223.5
51.9
74.0
2779.2
32.3
11.1
21.4
64.1
18.0
38.5
19.9
25.7
251.5
328.5
30.1
23.7
2.3
13.2
173.7
35.4
7.8
83.2
41.5
91.1
23.3
36.9
621.1
17.5
122.7
51.6
30.1
70.7
13.8
136.5
221.6
53.5
67.6
2780.0
32.2
11.5
21.7
66.4
17.8
40.0
18.8
26.0
254.9
330.5
31.8
23.0
2.4
13.9
176.4
41.0
7.0
86.4
45.9
88.4
24.8
37.0
636.0
18.1
129.2
48.6
29.4
76.3
14.9
136.7
223.5
51.4
67.0
2828.8
33.3
11.3
21.9
64.0
18.4
41.5
18.6
26.4
258.4
336.2
31.7
24.1
2.5
14.6
177.2
42.3
8.1
88.3
41.0
88.6
25.0
37.3
637.5
18.6
133.0
52.1
31.5
71.5
15.3
135.9
227.0
54.8
68.2
2856.0
33.3
11.1
22.1
64.9
18.2
41.5
18.4
26.7
256.7
330.1
32.7
23.5
2.6
14.5
175.9
44.1
8.6
89.0
42.9
87.1
24.7
38.6
646.6
18.7
134.7
48.5
29.5
75.1
15.8
134.1
221.7
56.2
70.1
2858.2
34.2
12.0
22.2
68.6
18.9
43.6
19.6
28.9
259.8
332.1
32.3
23.8
2.6
14.2
181.2
47.9
9.1
90.4
38.3
88.5
25.3
37.8
656.9
18.1
141.2
46.2
29.4
79.9
17.4
134.2
225.1
52.4
73.5
2905.4
33.7
12.9
24.2
71.1
19.6
44.3
18.3
28.6
263.4
330.7
33.8
23.8
2.7
14.6
184.3
51.2
9.2
93.1
39.0
90.9
24.3
39.0
670.5
17.6
145.5
48.4
29.0
85.3
18.5
139.9
227.0
50.5
75.7
2960.6
34.6
2.9%
13.7
6.2%
23.8 –1.3%
72.7
2.5%
20.3
4.2%
44.4
0.4%
17.2 –6.0%
25.6 –10.1%
262.1 –0.2%
324.0 –1.7%
33.5 –0.4%
24.9
4.8%
2.6 –1.8%
14.9
2.1%
183.9
0.1%
55.2
8.0%
8.3 –9.2%
94.7
2.0%
45.2 16.0%
91.7
1.1%
23.0 –5.4%
39.8
2.5%
679.6
1.6%
18.2
3.8%
147.4
1.6%
49.7
3.2%
27.9 –3.4%
89.7
5.5%
19.8
7.3%
139.7
0.2%
227.3
0.4%
50.1 –0.5%
78.1
3.5%
2984.0
1.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
2.5%
3.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.7%
0.5%
0.1%
0.9%
0.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.4%
6.4%
0.2%
1.4%
0.5%
0.3%
0.9%
0.2%
1.3%
2.2%
0.5%
0.7%
28.3%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
94.6
14.8
13.6
97.2
40.3
79.0
339.4
100.8
14.6
13.9
101.9
42.4
81.7
355.1
106.1
15.3
14.7
104.8
43.9
85.8
370.6
108.2
17.7
15.0
110.8
41.7
88.6
382.0
114.7
18.1
14.2
111.4
42.0
90.6
390.9
122.0
19.0
10.4
116.4
41.1
94.0
402.9
128.6
18.2
12.0
120.2
43.7
97.4
420.1
142.2
18.6
13.2
123.7
48.6
98.8
445.1
149.7
20.3
14.0
131.7
50.4
97.9
464.0
156.2
22.5
16.7
142.8
53.5
99.9
491.7
162.0
23.1
18.1
149.8
54.6
102.5
510.2
3.9%
3.3%
8.8%
5.1%
2.4%
2.9%
4.0%
1.5%
0.2%
0.2%
1.4%
0.5%
1.0%
4.8%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
28.0
36.4
100.5
81.2
246.2
28.0
38.4
106.0
83.6
255.9
26.5
39.9
109.4
85.4
261.2
27.5
41.9
108.8
88.4
266.7
27.9
44.7
107.9
91.8
272.2
26.9
47.5
108.4
93.1
275.8
27.9
49.4
107.0
95.2
279.5
28.9
49.5
110.9
96.8
286.2
30.2
51.5
117.3
99.0
298.0
31.3
54.0
123.6
102.7
311.7
33.9
55.8
120.5
106.3
316.5
8.6%
3.5%
–2.2%
3.8%
1.8%
0.3%
0.5%
1.1%
1.0%
3.0%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
98.4
9.9
916.4
15.1
254.4
73.5
493.8
33.1
17.0
36.4
19.6
33.3
148.6
65.7
52.2
43.8
2311.2
101.2
10.0
965.1
15.0
271.5
80.1
501.7
37.7
17.2
38.3
21.1
31.6
163.8
68.9
58.0
43.5
2424.7
105.2
10.6
960.9
15.1
285.6
84.0
508.3
37.8
17.2
37.4
22.6
33.8
179.6
72.9
60.9
45.0
2476.7
108.1
11.0
916.9
15.4
296.0
80.0
501.5
37.3
17.0
39.6
22.9
34.7
165.5
77.5
57.4
45.1
2426.0
110.5
11.0
934.1
15.6
304.0
89.1
506.2
38.3
17.4
40.8
22.7
32.9
180.5
81.1
58.8
47.2
2490.2
111.2
12.7
966.7
15.6
320.4
95.2
514.8
45.8
17.8
41.9
22.6
35.0
191.1
85.4
61.2
51.8
2589.5
113.4
14.1
1000.0
18.9
324.2
101.4
513.0
47.8
18.0
42.9
22.7
40.5
195.9
86.8
63.3
54.5
2657.4
116.6
14.8
1057.8
20.4
338.7
104.4
510.2
51.3
18.5
43.8
23.5
39.9
205.0
91.0
68.8
55.0
2759.5
116.3
15.5
1228.7
20.9
348.2
103.9
510.9
56.3
17.9
45.8
24.4
38.7
211.8
94.7
74.7
56.1
2964.8
117.6
16.4
1423.5
23.8
376.1
112.1
520.8
60.4
18.4
49.8
24.9
44.1
217.3
98.0
80.6
61.9
3245.9
118.7
17.4
1554.0
22.9
387.3
116.4
524.6
61.2
17.8
55.9
25.2
48.1
224.6
100.3
85.6
63.8
3423.7
1.2%
5.9%
9.5%
–3.8%
3.3%
4.1%
1.0%
1.6%
–3.2%
12.6%
1.4%
9.3%
3.7%
2.6%
6.6%
3.3%
5.8%
1.1%
0.2%
14.7%
0.2%
3.7%
1.1%
5.0%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
2.1%
1.0%
0.8%
0.6%
32.5%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
8568.4
1565.8
4937.8
993.9
2636.8
8843.9
1619.3
5105.1
962.3
2776.5
8913.2
1612.1
5153.9
920.4
2838.9
8925.9
1632.4
5176.3
915.9
2833.7
9048.8
1635.0
5247.5
922.4
2879.0
9285.0
1654.8
5359.3
941.3
2984.5
9348.2
1681.8
5328.8
948.4
3071.0
9527.3
1666.5
5366.1
959.6
3201.5
9832.2 10291.0 10537.1
1697.5 1719.1 1715.1
5421.8 5523.5 5542.4
974.4
999.7 1014.3
3436.1 3767.8 3980.4
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
2.7% 100.0%
16.3%
0.6% 52.6%
1.7%
9.6%
5.9% 37.8%
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste, which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation, as well as biofuels.
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
40
Consumption by fuel*
2004
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
2005
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
Oil
Natural
gas
Total
Oil
Natural
gas
948.8
100.6
85.2
1134.6
580.5
83.4
43.8
707.7
566.2
30.5
7.0
603.7
187.8
20.5
2.1
210.4
61.4
76.4
5.7
143.5
2344.7
311.4
143.8
2799.9
944.6
100.1
87.8
1132.6
570.1
82.3
44.6
697.1
575.4
32.5
6.0
613.9
185.9
20.8
2.4
209.2
60.6
81.7
6.3
148.6
2336.6
317.5
147.2
2801.3
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
18.7
81.9
11.3
10.1
6.4
7.2
24.2
58.1
217.9
34.1
17.1
7.5
5.7
0.2
0.8
25.3
15.4
105.9
0.8
12.8
2.9
2.0
–
0.6
0.1
1.4
20.4
1.8
2.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
6.9
72.6
4.8
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.8
132.6
62.2
187.0
26.5
26.8
8.2
12.4
65.4
92.7
481.2
20.1
83.6
11.9
10.4
6.6
6.4
25.4
58.8
223.3
36.5
18.2
6.8
6.1
0.2
1.4
26.1
16.4
111.7
0.8
13.5
2.4
2.3
–
0.6
0.1
1.4
21.1
1.6
2.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.7
7.9
77.0
5.9
9.0
1.7
4.3
17.6
18.3
141.7
66.8
194.5
27.0
27.8
8.4
12.8
69.2
95.0
501.4
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
13.8
4.6
7.5
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.3
6.3
1.0
8.9
89.7
9.0
2.6
46.2
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
128.5
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
32.0
4.6
13.9
81.7
7.5
23.3
957.6
8.5
7.7
16.6
14.9
2.6
7.8
4.7
3.9
40.1
77.3
2.2
11.7
–
3.6
66.2
13.9
2.8
37.0
4.1
11.8
2.8
15.7
361.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.9
65.6
87.3
40.3
12.9
991.1
2.4
†
0.1
6.4
7.7
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.9
7.4
106.8
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0
–
38.1
38.1
1.2
20.9
536.7
–
–
–
10.9
3.8
6.0
–
5.5
101.7
37.8
–
2.7
–
–
–
–
3.4
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1
–
–
19.7
18.1
–
1.8
287.9
9.0
0.6
†
0.6
0.7
0.6
†
3.4
14.7
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
11.3
1.8
0.2
†
24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.8
12.7
8.0
10.4
–
2.7
1.7
1.6
16.8
187.3
33.7
12.9
24.2
71.1
19.6
44.3
18.3
28.6
263.4
330.7
33.8
23.8
2.7
14.6
184.3
51.2
9.2
93.1
39.0
90.9
24.3
39.0
670.5
17.6
145.5
48.4
29.0
85.3
18.5
139.9
227.0
50.5
75.7
2960.6
14.2
5.1
6.7
39.5
5.0
9.9
9.1
11.0
93.1
121.5
20.9
7.0
0.9
9.4
86.3
10.0
2.7
49.6
9.8
21.9
15.3
11.3
130.0
3.5
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.0
4.9
13.9
82.9
7.8
24.3
963.3
9.0
7.9
17.0
15.2
2.9
7.7
4.5
3.6
40.5
77.3
2.3
12.1
–
3.5
71.1
16.0
2.9
35.5
4.0
12.2
2.7
15.6
364.6
5.3
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.6
14.9
65.6
85.1
39.6
13.8
1009.7
2.5
†
0.1
6.4
7.4
20.5
3.6
2.5
13.3
82.1
9.0
2.7
0.1
1.9
16.9
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
56.7
3.8
7.1
111.6
4.3
21.4
2.2
0.1
26.1
–
37.4
39.1
1.1
21.3
537.5
–
–
–
11.1
4.2
5.6
–
5.5
102.4
36.9
–
3.1
–
–
–
–
2.3
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
33.9
4.0
13.0
16.3
5.3
–
–
20.1
18.5
–
1.9
286.3
9.0
0.7
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
3.1
12.8
6.3
1.3
†
1.6
0.2
9.6
2.0
0.2
†
30.9
0.9
1.1
4.6
39.6
1.1
5.2
15.5
7.5
9.0
–
2.8
1.7
1.6
16.9
187.2
34.6
13.7
23.8
72.7
20.3
44.4
17.2
25.6
262.1
324.0
33.5
24.9
2.6
14.9
183.9
55.2
8.3
94.7
45.2
91.7
23.0
39.8
679.6
18.2
147.4
49.7
27.9
89.7
19.8
139.7
227.3
50.1
78.1
2984.0
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
74.6
13.7
3.3
83.7
17.4
68.1
260.7
77.9
8.7
13.4
59.1
36.2
22.8
218.1
1.1
–
–
–
–
8.0
9.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.8
156.2
22.5
16.7
142.8
53.5
99.9
491.7
78.4
14.4
3.8
87.2
18.3
69.2
271.3
79.6
8.7
14.3
62.6
36.4
24.3
225.9
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.9
162.0
23.1
18.1
149.8
54.6
102.5
510.2
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
10.6
26.8
24.8
61.9
124.2
19.8
23.6
–
18.3
61.8
0.8
0.5
94.5
7.0
102.9
–
–
3.4
–
3.4
0.1
3.1
0.8
15.4
19.4
31.3
54.0
123.6
102.7
311.7
11.2
29.2
24.9
64.0
129.3
21.7
23.0
–
19.4
64.1
0.9
0.5
91.9
7.0
100.3
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
0.1
3.1
0.8
15.9
19.9
33.9
55.8
120.5
106.3
316.5
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
38.8
3.9
318.9
15.3
120.2
54.7
241.4
22.8
7.0
16.0
15.8
38.1
104.9
41.7
44.0
20.3
1103.6
22.8
12.0
35.1
2.0
29.5
33.2
70.9
30.5
3.3
24.2
2.1
5.9
28.4
9.2
24.6
7.0
340.6
52.4
0.4
978.2
6.6
203.7
22.1
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.5
5.0
–
53.1
36.8
10.6
25.4
1526.2
–
–
11.4
–
3.8
–
64.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
29.6
8.9
–
–
119.0
3.6
0.3
80.0
–
19.0
2.1
23.1
1.4
6.2
5.5
1.9
–
1.3
1.5
1.4
9.3
156.5
117.6
16.4
1423.5
23.8
376.1
112.1
520.8
60.4
18.4
49.8
24.9
44.1
217.3
98.0
80.6
61.9
3245.9
39.7
4.0
327.3
13.8
115.7
55.3
244.2
22.0
7.0
17.4
14.7
42.2
105.5
41.6
45.6
21.1
1116.9
23.1
12.8
42.3
1.9
33.0
35.5
73.0
31.4
3.2
26.9
2.7
5.9
30.0
9.6
26.9
8.0
366.2
52.2
0.4
1081.9
7.2
212.9
23.5
121.3
6.3
2.1
4.1
5.9
–
54.8
38.2
11.8
25.7
1648.1
–
–
11.8
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
125.0
3.7
0.3
90.8
–
21.7
2.1
19.8
1.5
5.5
6.9
1.9
–
1.2
1.8
1.3
8.9
167.4
118.7
17.4
1554.0
22.9
387.3
116.4
524.6
61.2
17.8
55.9
25.2
48.1
224.6
100.3
85.6
63.8
3423.7
TOTAL WORLD
3798.6
2425.2
2798.9
625.1
643.2 10291.0
3836.8
2474.7
2929.8
627.2
668.7 10537.1
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
697.3
2267.3
183.2
1348.1
417.0
1270.4
529.3
625.6
305.7
1159.9
173.7
1465.2
223.7
529.9
56.4
38.8
75.4
296.1
57.0
290.1
700.4
2270.7
186.3
1379.9
424.1
1275.1
536.3
663.2
299.0
1168.5
178.2
1583.1
220.9
531.3
56.9
38.9
70.8
296.8
56.5
315.3
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
1719.1
5523.5
999.7
3767.8
Total
1715.1
5542.4
1014.3
3980.4
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste, which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation, as well as biofuels.
†Less than 0.05.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
41
World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
11000
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
80
81
Oil
82
83
Natural gas
84
85
86
87
Nuclear energy
88
89
Hydroelectricity
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
Coal
Global primary energy consumption growth slowed in 2005 but still exceeded the 10-year average. Asia accounted for nearly three-quarters of global growth, with
China alone accounting for more than half. In the past decade, natural gas and coal have increased their shares of the total at the expense of oil, nuclear energy
and hydroelectricity.
Regional consumption pattern 2005
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
North America
Oil
Natural gas
S. & Cent. America
Nuclear energy
Europe & Eurasia
Hydroelectricity
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Coal
Oil remains the leading energy source for most of the world. Oil dominates in North America and has increased its share since 1995; it has lost share in Europe, South
and Central America and the Middle East. Gas is the dominant fuel in the Former Soviet Union; in Asia, coal dominates. In both cases, the dominant fuel has increased
its share since 1995.
42
05
Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2005
Years
500
400
300
200
100
OECD
0
Oil
Natural gas
Former Soviet Union
EMEs excl. Former Soviet Union
World
Coal
The world’s R/P ratio for coal in 2005 was nearly four times that for oil and 2.5 times that for gas. Regionally, coal was even more dominant in the OECD and Former
Soviet Union, while gas reserves were more abundant relative to production elsewhere.
Consumption per capita
Tonnes oil equivalent (toe)
toe per capita
0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
43
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*
To
tonnes
(metric)
kilolitres
barrels
Multiply by
1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325
–
1.165
1
0.159
0.0038
–
7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238
–
From
Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day
US
gallons
tonnes
per year
307.86
264.17
42
1
–
–
–
–
–
49.8
*Based on worldwide average gravity.
Products
To convert
barrels
to tonnes
tonnes
to barrels
0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149
11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7
kilolitres
to tonnes
tonnes
to kilolitres
0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939
1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065
Multiply by
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil
Natural gas and
Liquefied natural gas
To
billion cubic
metres NG
From
1
1
1
1
1
1
billion cubic metres NG
billion cubic feet NG
million tonnes oil equivalent
million tonnes LNG
trillion British thermal units
million barrels oil equivalent
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by
1
0.028
1.111
1.38
0.028
0.16
35.3
1
39.2
48.7
0.98
5.61
0.90
0.026
1
1.23
0.025
0.14
0.73
0.021
0.805
1
0.02
0.12
trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent
36
1.03
40.4
52.0
1
5.8
6.29
0.18
7.33
8.68
0.17
1
Units
1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels
1 kilolitre = 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu
1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ = 3412Btu
Calorific equivalents
One tonne of oil equivalent equals
approximately:
Heat units
10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels
See Natural gas and
Liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil produces about
4500 gigawatt-hours (= 4.5 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in a modern power station.
Definitions
Statistics published in this Review are taken from government sources and
published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP
in the course of its business.
Country groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not
intended to imply any judgement about political or economic standings.
North America
USA (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada and Mexico.
South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta,
Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Krgyzstan, Latvia,
Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe and Eurasia
This includes all countries listed above under the headings Europe and
Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara.
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including
Cape Verde, Chad.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa.
Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR†, Indonesia, Japan, Laos,
Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan,
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan,
Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Oceania.
†Special
Administrative Region.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
44
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand,
South Korea, USA.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
(Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ras-al-Khaimah, Sharjah). North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Nigeria. Asia Pacific: Indonesia. South America: Venezuela.
(Since Ecuador and Gabon have withdrawn from OPEC, they are excluded
from all OPEC totals.)
European Union members (25)
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Other EMEs (Emerging Market Economies)
South and Central America, Africa, Middle East, non-OECD Asia,
non-OECD Europe.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are
on a weight basis except on pages 6, 14, 18, 20 and 22. Leap years: Growth rates
are adjusted for leap years.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals, including the 2005 share of total, may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric tons.
Further information
Questions on data
BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data in
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006.
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The data in this publication is also available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
In addition to viewing, data can be downloaded and charted using the
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Quoting from the Review
Publishers are welcome to quote from this Review provided that they
attribute the source to BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006.
However, where extensive reproduction of tables and/or charts is planned,
permission must first be obtained from:
The Editor
BP Statistical Review of World Energy
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The redistribution and reproduction of data whose source is Platts is strictly
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© BP p.l.c. 2006
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006
45
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