Wireless-B PCI Adapter

Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B
PCI Adapter
Use this guide to install:
WMP11
User Guide
COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS
Copyright © 2003 Linksys, All Rights Reserved. Instant Wireless is a trademark of Linksys.
Linksys is a registered trademark of Linksys. Microsoft, Windows, and the Windows logo are
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other trademarks and brand names are the
property of their respective proprietors.
LIMITED WARRANTY
Linksys guarantees that every Instant Wireless® Wireless-B PCI Adapter will be free from physical defects in material and workmanship under normal use for one year from the date of purchase, when used within the limits set forth in the Specifications chapter of this User Guide. If
these products prove defective during this warranty period, call Linksys Technical Support in
order to obtain a Return Authorization Number. BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE AND A BARCODE FROM THE PRODUCT'S PACKAGING ON HAND WHEN CALLING.
RETURN REQUESTS CANNOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT PROOF OF PURCHASE. When
returning a product, mark the Return Authorization Number clearly on the outside of the package and include a copy of your original proof of purchase. All customers located outside of the
United States of America and Canada shall be held responsible for shipping and handling
charges.
IN NO EVENT SHALL LINKSYS’S LIABILITY EXCEED THE PRICE PAID FOR THE PRODUCT
FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, ITS ACCOMPANYING SOFTWARE, OR ITS
DOCUMENTATION. LINKSYS DOES NOT OFFER REFUNDS FOR ANY PRODUCT. Linksys
makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all accompanying software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose.
Linksys reserves the right to revise or update its products, software, or documentation without
obligation to notify any individual or entity. Please direct all inquiries to:
Linksys P.O. Box 18558, Irvine, CA 92623.
FCC STATEMENT
This Instant Wireless® Wireless-B PCI Adapter has been tested and complies with the specifications for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used according to the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which is found by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one
or more of the following measures:
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Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment or devices
Connect the equipment to an outlet other than the receiver’s
Consult a dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for assistance
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications nor expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC RF Radiation Exposure Statement
This device and its antenna(s) must operate with a separation distance of at least 20 cm from
all persons and must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or
transmitter. End-users must be provided with specific operations for satisfying RF exposure
compliance.
WMP11-v4-UG-30530A KL
Instant Wireless® Series
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY (EUROPE)
Linksys Group declares that the Instant Wireless® Series products included in the Instant
Wireless® Series conform to the specifications listed below, following the provisions of the
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC and Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC:
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ETS 300-826, 301 489-1 General EMC requirements for Radio equipment.
EN 609 50 Safety
ETS 300-328-2 Technical requirements for Radio equipment.
Note: This equipment is intended to be used in all EU and EFTA countries. Outdoor use may
be restricted to certain frequencies and/or may require a license for operation. For more
details, contact Linksys Corporate Compliance.
Note: Combinations of power levels and antennas resulting in a radiated power level of
above 100 mW are considered as not compliant with the above mentioned directive and are
not allowed for use within the European community and countries that have adopted the
European R&TTE directive 1999/5/EC and/or the CEPT recommendation Rec 70.03. For
more details on legal combinations of power levels and antennas, contact Linksys Corporate
Compliance.
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Linksys Group™ vakuuttaa täten että Instant Wireless IEEE 802.11 Wireless-B PC
Adapter tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 1999/5/EY, direktiivin 89/336/EEC ja direktiivin
73/23/EEC oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien näiden direktiivien muiden ehtojen
mukainen.
Linksys Group™ déclare que la carte PC Instant Wireless IEEE 802.11 est conforme aux
conditions essentielles et aux dispositions relatives à la directive 1999/5/EC, la directive
89/336/EEC, et à la directive 73/23/EEC.
Belgique B L’utilisation en extérieur est autorisé sur le canal 11 (2462 MHz), 12 (2467
MHz), et 13 (2472 MHz).
Dans le cas d’une utilisation privée, à l’extérieur d’un bâtiment, au-dessus d’un espace
public, aucun enregistrement n’est nécessaire pour une distance de moins de 300m.
Pour une distance supérieure à 300m un enregistrement auprès de l’IBPT est requise.
Pour une utilisation publique à l’extérieur de bâtiments, une licence de l’IBPT est requise. Pour les enregistrements et licences, veuillez contacter l’IBPT.
France F: Bande de fréquence restreinte: seuls les canaux 10, 11, 12, 13 (2457, 2462,
2467, et 2472 MHz respectivement) doivent être utilisés en France. Toute utilisation,
qu'elle soit intérieure ou extérieure, est soumise à autorisation. Vous pouvez contacter
l'Autorité de Régulation des Télécommuniations (http://www.art-telecom.fr) pour la
procédure à suivre.
France F: Restricted frequency band: only channels 10, 11, 12, 13 (2457, 2462, 2467,
and 2472 MHz respectively) may be used in France. License required for every indoor
and outdoor installations. Please contact ART for procedure to follow.
Deutschland D: Anmeldung im Outdoor-Bereich notwending, aber nicht genehmigungspflichtig. Bitte mit Händler die Vorgehensweise abstimmen.
Germany D: License required for outdoor installations. Check with reseller for procedure
to follow.
Italia I: E' necessaria la concessione ministeriale anche per l'uso interno. Verificare con i
rivenditori la procedura da seguire. L'uso per installazione in esterni non e' permessa.
Italy I: License required for indoor use. Use with outdoor installations not allowed.
the Netherlands NL License required for outdoor installations. Check with reseller for
procedure to follow.
Nederlands NL Licentie verplicht voor gebruik met buitenantennes. Neem contact op
met verkoper voor juiste procedure.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
The Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Features
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Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
Ad-Hoc versus Infrastructure Mode
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Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-B
PCI Adapter
The Wireless-B PCI Adapter’s Port and LEDs
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4
Chapter 4: Hardware and Driver
Configuration for Windows XP
Overview
Hardware Installation for Windows XP
Driver Installation for Windows XP
Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration
and
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5
6
9
Installation
Chapter 5: Software Installation and Configuration
for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
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Chapter 6: Hardware Installation for
Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
Hardware Detection for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
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Chapter 7: Using the WLAN Monitor for
Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
Overview
Starting the WLAN Monitor
Link Information
Site Survey
Profiles
Creating a New Profile
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Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Chapter 1: Introduction
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Common Problems and Solutions
Frequently Asked Questions
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Appendix B: Glossary
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Appendix C: Specifications
Environmental
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Appendix D: Warranty Information
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Appendix E: Contact Information
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The Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Connect your desktop computer to a wireless network with the Linksys
Wireless-B PCI Adapter. This card installs in an expansion slot of most desktop computers, and comes with a Setup Wizard that walks you through configuring the adapter to your wireless network settings, step by step.
The Wireless-B PCI Adapter lets you put your computer almost anywhere in
the building, without the cost and hassle of running cables. Now you don't have
to drill holes in your walls and climb through the attic or cellar to get connected to the network. Once you're connected, you can keep in touch with your email, access the Internet, use instant messaging to chat with friends, and share
files and other resources such as printers and network storage with other computers on the network.
The Linksys Wireless-B PCI Adapter is fully compliant with the 802.11b wireless network standard, transferring data at up to 11Mbps in the 2.4GHz radio
band. And your wireless communications are protected by up to 128-bit
encryption, so your data stays secure.
So don't hassle with running cables through your house -- get your desktop connected the easy way with the Linksys Wireless-B PCI Adapter..
Features
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Wireless-B (802.11b) connectivity for your desktop PC
Data rates up to 11Mbps in the 2.4GHz radio band
Put your PC wherever you want, with no cabling hassle
Included Setup Wizard takes you through configuration, step by step
Free Technical Support—24 Hours a Day, 7 Days a Week, Toll-Free US
Calls
• 1-Year Limited Warranty
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Instant Wireless® Series
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless
Network
Network Topology
A wireless local area network (WLAN) is exactly like a regular local area network (LAN), except that each computer in the WLAN uses a wireless device to
connect to the network. Computers in a WLAN share the same frequency
channel and SSID, which is an identification name for wireless devices.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
If the wireless network is relatively small and needs to share resources only
with the other computers on the wireless network, then the ad-hoc mode can
be used. (See Figure 2-2.) Ad-hoc mode allows computers equipped with wireless transmitters and receivers to communicate directly with each other, eliminating the need for an access point. The drawback of this mode is that, in AdHoc mode, wireless-equipped computers are not able to communicate with
computers on a wired network. And, of course, communication between the
wireless-equipped computers is limited by the distance and interference directly between them.
Ad-Hoc versus Infrastructure Mode
Unlike wired networks, wireless networks have two different modes in which
they may be set up: infrastructure and ad-hoc. An infrastructure configuration is a WLAN and wired LAN communicating to each other through an
access point. An ad-hoc configuration is wireless-equipped computers communicating directly with each other. Choosing between these two modes
depends on whether or not the wireless network needs to share data or peripherals with a wired network or not.
Figure 2-2
If the computers on the
wireless network need to
be accessed by a wired
network or need to share a
peripheral, such as a printer, with the wired network
computers, the wireless
network should be set up
in infrastructure mode.
(See Figure 2-1.) The
basis of infrastructure
mode centers around an
Figure 2-1
access point, which serves
as the main point of communications in a wireless network. Access points
transmit data to PCs equipped with wireless network cards, which can roam
within a certain radial range of the access point. Multiple access points can be
arranged to work in succession to extend the roaming range, and can be set up
to communicate with your Ethernet (wired) hardware as well.
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Instant Wireless® Series
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
The Wireless-B PCI Adapter’s Port and LEDs
The port to connect the Wireless PCI Adapter’s Antenna and lights displaying
the Adapter’s activity are shown in Figure 3-1.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Chapter 4: Hardware and Driver
Installation and Configuration for
Windows XP
Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000 users: Go to Chapter 5: Software
Installation and Configuration for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000.
Overview
Figure 3-1
Port
Antenna
After connecting the Wireless-B PCI Adapter to your computer, you will install
the driver and configure the Adapter.
Hardware Installation for Windows XP
The Antenna port is where you will connect the Adapter’s
external antenna.
1. Remove any CDs or disks from their drives, and turn off your desktop PC.
2. Open your PC’s case, and locate an available PCI slot on the motherboard.
Check with your computer manufacturer for instructions.
LED Indicators
Power
Green. The Power LED lights up when the Adapter is powered on.
Link
Green. The Link LED blinks when the Adapter is functioning in ad-hoc mode. It is solidly lit when the Adapter is functioning in infrastructure mode.
3. Slide the Adapter into the PCI slot. Make sure that all of its pins are touching the slot’s contacts. You may have to apply a bit of pressure to slide the
Adapter all the way in. (See Figure 4-1.)
4. After the Adapter is set firmly in place, secure its fastening tab to your PC’s
chassis with a mounting screw. Then close your PC’s case.
Figure 4-1
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Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
5. Attach the external antenna to the Adapter’s antenna port, as shown in Figure
4-2.
Figure 4-2
Important: Make sure the antenna is positioned straight up into the
air, at a 90º angle from the Adapter (see Figure 5-2). This will ensure
optimum wireless operating range and performance.
Figure 4-3
2. Windows will notify you that the driver has not passed Windows Logo testing (See Figure 4-4.) Click the Continue Anyway button.
6. Power on your desktop PC.
Driver Installation for Windows XP
1. Windows XP will automatically detect the Adapter and Figure 4-3 will
appear. Insert the Setup Wizard CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive. Click
the radio button next to Install the software automatically
(Recommended). Then click the Next button.
Important for Windows XP users: Do NOT run the Wireless-B PCI
Adapter Setup Wizard. If the Setup Wizard runs automatically after the
Setup Wizard CD-ROM has been inserted, click the Exit tab.
Figure 4-4
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3. The screen in Figure 4-5 may appear while the files are being copied.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration
Important for Windows XP users: Windows XP has a built-in configuration tool. Use the Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration (in
the system tray at the bottom of your screen) to configure the Adapter.
1. After installing the Adapter,
the Windows XP Wireless
Zero Configuration icon
will appear in your computer’s system tray (see Figure
4-7). Double-click the icon.
Figure 4-7
Figure 4-5
4.
After Windows has finished installing the driver, click the Finish button
from the screen shown in Figure 4-6.
Note: Steps 2 and 3 are instructions and screenshots for Windows XP
with Service Pack 1 installed. If you have not installed Service Pack
1, select the network you want, and click the Connect button. If the
network has WEP encryption enabled, enter the WEP key in the
Network key field, and then click the Connect button.
2. The screen that appears will show any available wireless network. Select the
network you want.
Figure 4-6
The driver installation is complete. To configure the Adapter, proceed to
the next section, “Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration.”
If this network has
WEP
encryption
enabled, go to step 3.
If this network does
not have WEP
encryption enabled,
then the screen in
Figure 4-8 will
appear. Check the
box next to Allow me
to connect to the
selected
wireless
network,
even
though it is not
secure. Then click
the Connect button
and go to step 4.
Figure 4-8
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3. The screen in Figure 4-9 will appear. Enter the WEP key of your wireless
network in the Network key field, and re-enter it in the Confirm network key
field. Click the Connect button.
Note: Windows XP does not support the use of a passphrase. Enter the
exact WEP key used by your access point.
To find the WEP
encryption key settings of the other
wireless devices in
your network, such
as the WAP11
Wireless Access
Point, you may use
any device’s webbased utility to
check the WEP
encryption screen
for the correct key
entries. If you are
using other manufacturers’ access
points, refer to their
documentation for
more information
about WEP encryption.
4. The screen in Figure 4-10 will
appear if your connection is
active.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Chapter 5: Software Installation
and Configuration for Windows
98SE, Me, and 2000
The Wireless-B PCI Adapter Setup Wizard will guide you through the installation procedure for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000. The Setup Wizard will install
the WLAN Monitor and Device Driver, as well as configure the Adapter.
Important for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000 users: You must run
the Setup Wizard to install the software before installing the hardware.
Insert the Setup Wizard CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive. The Setup
Wizard should run automatically, and Figure 5-1 should appear. If it does not,
click the Start button and choose Run. In the field that appears, enter
D:\setup.exe (where “D” is the letter of your CD-ROM drive).
Figure 4-9
Figure 4-10
For more information about WEP, refer to your access point’s user guide, or
visit www.linksys.com.
For more information about wireless networking on a Windows XP computer,
click Start and then Help and Support. Enter the keyword wireless in the
field provided, and press the Enter key.
Congratulations! The installation of the Wireless-B PCI Adapter is
complete.
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Figure 5-1
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Instant Wireless® Series
• Install - Click the Install button to begin the software installation process.
• User Guide - Click the User Guide button to open the PDF file of this User
Guide.
• Exit - Click the Exit button to exit the Setup Wizard.
1. To install the Adapter, click the Install button on the Welcome screen.
2. After reading the License Agreement, shown in Figure 5-2, click the Next
button if you agree, or click the Cancel button to end the installation.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
3. The Setup Wizard will ask you to choose a wireless mode, as shown in
Figure 5-3. Click the Infrastructure Mode radio button if you want your
wireless computers to network with computers on your wired network using
a wireless access point. Click the Ad-Hoc Mode radio button if you want
multiple wireless computers to network directly with each other. Do not use
the Ad-Hoc mode if you want your wireless computers to communicate with
computers on your wired network.
In the SSID field, enter the SSID of your wireless network. The SSID must
be identical for all devices in the network. The default setting is linksys (all
lowercase). Click the Next button.
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-3
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4. If you chose Infrastructure Mode, go to Step 5 now. If you chose Ad-Hoc
Mode, , as shown in Figure 5-4, select the correct operating channel for your
network. The channel you choose should match the channel set on the other
devices in your wireless network. Click the Next button, and go to Step 5.
Figure 5-4
5. The screen shown in Figure 5-5 will ask you to review your settings before
it starts to copy files. Click the Next button to save these settings, or click
the Back button to change any settings.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
6. After the files have been successfully copied, the screen in Figure 5-6 will
appear. Click the Finish button.
Figure 5-6
Proceed to “Chapter 6: Hardware Installation for Windows 98SE, Me,
and 2000.”
Figure 5-5
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Instant Wireless® Series
Chapter 6: Hardware Installation
for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
5. Attach the external antenna to the Adapter’s antenna port, as shown in Figure
6-2.
Make sure that you do Chapter 5 and install the software with the
Setup Wizard before you install the hardware.
1. Remove any CDs or disks from their drives, and turn off your desktop PC.
2. Open your PC’s case, and locate an available PCI slot on the motherboard.
Check with your computer manufacturer for instructions.
3. Slide the Adapter into the PCI slot, as shown in Figure 6-1. Make sure that
all of its pins are touching the slot’s contacts. You may have to apply a bit of
pressure to slide the Adapter all the way in.
4. After the Adapter is set firmly in place, secure its fastening tab to your PC’s
chassis with a mounting screw. Then close your PC’s case.
Figure 6-2
Important: Make sure the antenna is positioned straight up into the
air, at a 90º angle from the Adapter (see Figure 5-2). This will ensure
optimum wireless operating range and performance.
5. Power on your desktop PC.
Hardware Detection for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
After the Adapter has been physically connected to your computer, Windows
will detect the new hardware.
Windows will begin installing the driver files in your operating system. If
Windows asks you for the original Windows CD-ROM, insert the CD-ROM,
and direct Windows to the proper location for the CD-ROM (e.g., D:\).
Figure 6-1
Congratulations! The installation of the Wireless-B PCI Adapter is
complete.
If you want to check the link information, search for available wireless
networks, or make additional configuration changes, proceed to
“Chapter 7: Using the WLAN Monitor for Windows 98SE, Me, and
2000.”
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Chapter 7: Using the WLAN Monitor
for Windows 98SE, Me, and 2000
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Link Information
The Link Information screen (Figure 7-3) shows you the settings of your current connection.
Overview
Use the WLAN Monitor to check the link information, search for available
wireless networks, or make additional configuration changes.
Starting the WLAN Monitor
Important for Windows XP users: Windows XP has a built-in
configuration tool. Use the Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration
(in the system tray at the bottom of your screen) to configure the
Adapter. See “Chapter 6: Driver Installation and Configuration for
Windows XP.”
After installing the Adapter, the Wireless-B PCI Adapter WLAN
Monitor icon will appear in your system tray. Double-click the
icon (see Figure 7-1).
Figure 7-1
The Link Information screen will appear, displaying the settings for your current wireless connection. To search for available wireless networks, click the
Site Survey tab. To perform configuration changes, click the Profiles tab.
Figure 7-3
TCP/IP Setting
IP Address - The IP Address of the Adapter.
Subnet Mask - The Subnet Mask of the Adapter.
Default Gateway - The Default Gateway address of the Adapter.
DNS - The DNS address of the Adapter.
DHCP - The status of the DHCP client.
Wireless Network Status
State - The status of the wireless network connection.
SSID - The SSID of the wireless network.
Network Type - The wireless mode currently in use.
Transfer Rate - The data transfer rate of the current connection.
Channel - The channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
WEP - The status of the WEP encryption security feature.
MAC - The MAC address of the wireless network’s access point.
Signal Strength - The Signal Strength bar indicates signal strength, from 0 to
100%.
Link Quality - The Link Quality bar indicates the quality of the wireless network connection, from 0 to 100%.
Figure 7-2
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Click the X (Close) button in the upper right corner to exit the WLAN Monitor.
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Site Survey
The Site Survey screen, shown in Figure 7-4, displays a list of infrastructure and
ad-hoc networks available for connection.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Connect - To connect to one of the networks on the list, select the wireless network, and click the Connect button to connect. If the wireless network has
WEP encryption enabled, you will see the screen shown in Figure 7-5.
Figure 7-5
Figure 7-4
SSID - The SSID of the wireless network.
Signal - The percentage of signal strength, from 0 to 100%.
Site Information
Network Type - The wireless mode currently in use.
Channel - The channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
WEP - The status of the WEP encryption security feature.
MAC - The MAC address of the wireless network’s access point.
Surveyed at - The time at which the wireless network was scanned.
In the WEP drop-down box, select the type of WEP encryption used by the
wireless network: 64-bit or 128-bit WEP.
If the wireless network uses a passphrase, enter the passphrase in the
Passphrase field. If the wireless network uses a WEP key, enter the WEP key
in the Key 1 field.
Click the OK button to complete the network connection and return to the Site
Survey screen, or click the Cancel button to cancel the network connection and
return to the Site Survey screen.
On the Site Survey screen, click the X (Close) button in the upper right corner
to exit the WLAN Monitor.
Refresh - Click the Refresh button to perform a new search for wireless
devices.
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Profiles
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
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Import - Click the Import button to import a profile that has been saved
in another location. Select the appropriate file, and click the Open button.
The Profiles screen lets you save different configuration profiles for different
network setups. You can also import or export profiles. The default profile
holds the initial configuration saved when you installed the Adapter.
Figure 7-7
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Export - Select the profile you want to save in a different location, and
click the Export button. Direct Windows to the appropriate folder, and
click the OK button.
Figure 7-6
Profile - Name of the connection profile.
SSID - The wireless network’s SSID, as set in the connection profile.
Profile Information
Network Type - The wireless mode currently in use.
Transfer Rate - The data transfer rate of the current connection: 1Mbps,
2Mbps, 1 or 2Mbps, 5.5Mbps, 11Mbps, or Auto (in Auto mode, the Adapter
dynamically shifts to the fastest data transfer rate possible at any given time).
Channel - The channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
WEP - The status of the WEP encryption security feature.
Figure 7-8
Connect - To connect to a wireless network using a specific profile, select the
profile, and click the Connect button. If the wireless network has WEP encryption enabled, you will see the screen shown in Figure 7-7.
Edit - Select a profile, and click the Edit button to change an existing profile.
New - Click the New button to create a new profile. See the next section,
“Creating a New Profile.”
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Note: If you want to export more than one profile, you have to export
them one at a time.
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Delete - Click the Delete button to delete a profile.
Click the X (Close) button in the upper right corner to exit the WLAN Monitor.
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Creating a New Profile
1. On the Profiles screen, shown in Figure 7-6, click the New button to create
a new profile.
2. When the Create connection profile screen appears (Figure 7-9),
enter a name for the new profile.
Click OK to save the profile
name or click Cancel to return to
the previous screen.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
4. The Wireless Channel screen (Figure 7-11) will appear. If you chose
Infrastructure Mode, go to Step 5 now. If you chose Ad-Hoc Mode, select
the correct operating channel for your network from the Channel dropdown menu. Click the Next button, and go to Step 5. Click the Back button to change any settings.
Channel - The channel you choose should match the channel set on the
other devices in your wireless network. If you are unsure about which channel to use, select the default channel (Channel 6).
Figure 7-9
3. The Wireless Mode screen (Figure 7-10) shows a choice of two wireless
modes. Click the Infrastructure Mode radio button if you want your wireless computers to communicate with computers on your wired network via
a wireless access point. Click the Ad-Hoc Mode radio button if you want
multiple wireless computers to communicate directly with each other. Click
the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous
screen.
Infrastructure Mode - This mode allows wireless and wired networks to
communicate through an access point.
Ad-Hoc Mode - This mode allows wireless-equipped computers to communicate directly with each other. No access point is used.
Figure 7-11
Figure 7-10
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5. The Network Setting screen (Figure 7-12) will appear.
If your network has a DHCP server, click the radio button next to Obtain
an IP address automatically (DHCP). Click the Next button to continue,
or click the Back button to return to the previous screen.
If your network does not have a DHCP server, click the radio button next to
Specify the IP address. Enter an IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default
Gateway, and DNS appropriate for your network. Enter each address in this
format: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (the x’s represent the numbers that make up each
address). You must specify the IP Address and Subnet Mask on this screen.
If you are unsure about the Default Gateway and DNS addresses, then leave
these fields alone.
IP Address - This IP Address must be unique to your network.
Subnet Mask - The Adapter’s Subnet Mask must be the same as your wired
network’s Subnet Mask.
Default Gateway - Enter the IP address of your network’s Gateway here.
DNS - Enter the DNS addresses of your Ethernet (wired) network here.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
6. The Security Settings screen (Figure 7-13) will appear. Enable or disable
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption for your wireless network. If
you enable WEP, enter a Passphrase or WEP key. Click the Next button to
continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
WEP (Disabled/64-bit WEP/128-bit WEP) - If you do not want to use
WEP encryption, choose Disabled. To use WEP encryption (recommended
to increase network security), select 64-bit or 128-bit WEP from the dropdown menu, and enter either a Passphrase or WEP key.
Passphrase - Instead of manually entering WEP keys, you can enter a
Passphrase, so that a WEP key is automatically generated. It is case-sensitive and should not be longer than 16 alphanumeric characters. This
passphrase must match the passphrase of your wireless network and is compatible with other Linksys wireless products only. (If you have any nonLinksys wireless products, enter the WEP key(s) manually on those products.)
Key 1 - This WEP key must match the WEP key of your wireless network.
If you are using 64-bit WEP encryption, then the key must consist of exactly 10 hexadecimal characters. If you are using 128-bit WEP encryption,
then the key must consist of exactly 26 hexadecimal characters. Valid hexadecimal characters are “0” to “9” and “A” to “F”.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 7-12
26
Figure 7-13
27
Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
7. The Confirm New
Settings
screen
(Figure 7-14) will
appear. If these settings are correct,
click Yes. If they
are not, click No.
Common Problems and Solutions
This chapter provides solutions to problems that may occur during the installation and operation of the Wireless-B PCI Adapter. Read the descriptions below
to solve your problems. If you can’t find an answer here, check the Linksys
website at www.linksys.com.
Figure 7-14
8. The Congratula-tions screen (Figure 7-15) will appear next. Click Activate
new settings now to implement the new settings immediately and finish the
WLAN
Monitor.
Click Activate new
settings later to keep
the current settings
active, and return to
the Profiles screen so
that you can edit your
profile or create
another profile.
1. The Wireless-B PCI Adapter does not work properly.
• Reinsert the Adapter into the PC’s PCI slot.
• For Windows 98 or Me, right-click My Computer, and select Properties.
Select the Device Manager tab, and select the Adapter. You will find the
Adapter if it has been installed successfully. If you see a yellow exclamation
mark, the resources may be in conflict, and you must follow the steps below:
• Uninstall the driver software from your PC.
• Restart your PC and repeat the hardware and software installation as specified in this User Guide.
2. I cannot communicate with a wired computer linked via an access point in the
infrastructure configuration.
• Make sure that the notebook or desktop PC is powered on.
• Make sure that the Wireless-B PCI Adapter is configured with the same
channel, SSID, and WEP encryption as the other computers in the infrastructure LAN.
Frequently Asked Questions
Figure 7-15
You have successfully created a connection profile. Click the X (Close)
button in the upper right corner to exit the WLAN Monitor.
Can I run an application from a remote computer over the wireless network?
This will depend on whether or not the application is designed to be used over
a network. Consult the application’s user guide to determine if it supports operation over a network.
Can I play computer games with other members of the wireless network?
Yes, as long as the game supports multiple players over a LAN (local area network). Refer to the game’s user guide for more information.
What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11b standard
allows wireless networking hardware from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11b standard. The
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Instant Wireless® Series
802.11b standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
What IEEE 802.11b features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11b functions:
• CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
• Power Management
What is ad-hoc mode?
When a wireless network is set to ad-hoc mode, the wireless-equipped computers are configured to communicate directly with each other. The ad-hoc
wireless network will not communicate with any wired network.
What is infrastructure mode?
When a wireless network is set to infrastructure mode, the wireless network is
configured to communicate with a wired network through a wireless access
point.
What is roaming?
Roaming is the ability of a portable computer user to communicate continuously while moving freely throughout an area greater than that covered by a single access point. Before using the roaming function, the workstation must make
sure that it is the same channel number with the access point of dedicated coverage area.
To achieve true seamless connectivity, the wireless LAN must incorporate a
number of different functions. Each node and access point, for example, must
always acknowledge receipt of each message. Each node must maintain contact
with the wireless network even when not actually transmitting data. Achieving
these functions simultaneously requires a dynamic RF networking technology
that links access points and nodes. In such a system, the user’s end node undertakes a search for the best possible access to the system. First, it evaluates such
factors as signal strength and quality, as well as the message load currently
being carried by each access point and the distance of each access point to the
wired backbone. Based on that information, the node next selects the right
access point and registers its address. Communications between end node and
host computer can then be transmitted up and down the backbone.
30
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
As the user moves on, the end node’s RF transmitter regularly checks the system to determine whether it is in touch with the original access point or whether
it should seek a new one. When a node no longer receives acknowledgment
from its original access point, it undertakes a new search. Upon finding a new
access point, it then re-registers, and the communication process continues.
What is ISM band?
The FCC and their counterparts outside of the U.S. have set aside bandwidth
for unlicensed use in the ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical) band.
Spectrum in the vicinity of 2.4 GHz, in particular, is being made available
worldwide. This presents a truly revolutionary opportunity to place convenient
high-speed wireless capabilities in the hands of users around the globe.
What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the military for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical communications systems. It is designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for reliability,
integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is consumed than in the
case of narrowband transmission, but the trade-off produces a signal that is, in
effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that the receiver knows the
parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not
tuned to the right frequency, a spread-spectrum signal looks like background
noise. There are two main alternatives, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
(DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?
Frequency-Hopping Spread-Spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that
changes frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver.
Properly synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To
an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise.
Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern
for each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping
code). The longer the chip, the greater the probability that the original data can
be recovered. Even if one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can recover the original
data without the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS
appears as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband receivers.
Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security fea31
Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
ture of scrambling. On the software side, WLAN offers the encryption function
(WEP) to enhance security and access control.
Appendix B: Glossary
Can Instant Wireless products support printer sharing?
Instant Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products.
Therefore, Instant Wireless products can work with NetWare, Windows
NT/2000, or other network operating systems to support printer or file sharing.
802.11b - One of the IEEE standards for wireless networking hardware.
Products that adhere to a specific IEEE standard will work with each other,
even if they are manufactured by different companies. The 802.11b standard
specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps, an operating frequency of
2.4GHz, and WEP encryption for security. 802.11b networks are also referred
to as Wi-Fi networks.
What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40/104
bit shared key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802.11 standard.
Ad-hoc Network - An ad-hoc network is a group of computers, each with a
wireless adapter, connected as an independent 802.11 wireless LAN. Ad-hoc
wireless computers operate on a peer-to-peer basis, communicating directly
with each other without the use of an access point. Ad-hoc mode is also
referred to as an Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS) or as peer-to-peer
mode, and is useful at a departmental scale or SOHO operation.
CTS (Clear To Send) - An RS-232 signal sent from the receiving station to the
transmitting station that indicates it is ready to accept data.
Default Gateway - The router used to forward all traffic that is not addressed
to a station within the local subnet.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A protocol that lets network
administrators manage centrally and automate the assignment of Internet
Protocol (IP) addresses in an organization’s network. Using the Internet’s set of
protocol (TCP/IP), each machine that can connect to the Internet needs a
unique IP address. When an organization sets up its computer users with a connection to the Internet, an IP address must be assigned to each machine.
Without DHCP, the IP address must be entered manually at each computer and,
if computers move to another location in another part of the network, a new IP
address must be entered. DHCP lets a network administrator supervise and distribute IP addresses from a central point and automatically sends a new IP
address when a computer is plugged into a different place in the network.
DHCP uses the concept of a “lease” or amount of time that a given IP address
will be valid for a computer. The lease time can vary depending on how long a
user is likely to require the Internet connection at a particular location. It’s especially useful in education and other environments where users change frequently. Using very short leases, DHCP can dynamically reconfigure networks
in which there are more computers than there are available IP addresses.
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Instant Wireless® Series
DHCP supports static addresses for computers containing Web servers that
need a permanent IP address.
DNS - The domain name system (DNS) is the way that Internet domain name
are located and translated into Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. A domain name
is a meaningful and easy-to-remember “handle” for an Internet address.
DSSS (Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum) - DSSS generates a redundant bit
pattern for all transmitted data. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping
code). Even if one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission,
statistical techniques embedded in the receiver can recover the original data
without the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS appears
as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband
receivers. However, to an intended receiver (i.e. another wireless LAN endpoint), the DSSS signal is recognized as the only valid signal, and interference
is inherently rejected (ignored).
Dynamic IP Address - An IP address that is automatically assigned to a client
station in a TCP/IP network, typically by a DHCP server. Network devices that
serve multiple users, such as servers and printers, are usually assigned static IP
addresses.
ESS (Extended Service Set) - A set of more than two or more BSSs (multiple
access points) forming a single network.
Firmware - Code that is written onto read-only memory (ROM) or programmable read-only memory (PROM). Once firmware has been written onto the
ROM or PROM, it is retained even when the device is turned off.
IEEE - The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The IEEE
describes itself as “the world’s largest technical professional society—promoting the development and application of electrotechnology and allied sciences
for the benefit of humanity, the advancement of the profession, and the wellbeing of our members.”
34
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
LAN. In infrastructure mode, the wireless devices communicate with each
other and to a wired network by first going through an access point. An infrastructure wireless network connected to a wired network is referred to as a
Basic Service Set (BSS). A set of two or more BSS in a single network is
referred to as an Extended Service Set (ESS). Infrastructure mode is useful at
a corporation scale, or when it is necessary to connect the wired and wireless
networks.
IP Address - In the most widely installed level of the Internet Protocol (IP)
today, an IP address is a 32-binary digit number that identifies each sender or
receiver of information that is sent in packet across the Internet. When you
request an HTML page or send e-mail, the Internet Protocol part of TCP/IP
includes your IP address in the message (actually, in each of the packets if more
than one is required) and sends it to the IP address that is obtained by looking
up the domain name in the Uniform Resource Locator you requested or in the
e-mail address you're sending a note to. At the other end, the recipient can see
the IP address of the Web page requester or the e-mail sender and can respond
by sending another message using the IP address it received.
IPCONFIG - A utility that provides for querying, defining and managing IP
addresses within a network. A commonly used utility, under Windows NT and
2000, for configuring networks with static IP addresses.
ISP - An ISP (Internet service provider) is a company that provides individuals
and companies access to the Internet and other related services such as Web site
building and virtual hosting.
LAN - A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers and associated
devices that share a common communications line and typically share the
resources of a single processor or server within a small geographic area (for
example, within an office building).
MAC Address - The MAC (Media Access Control) address is your computer’s
unique hardware number.
The IEEE fosters the development of standards that often become national and
international standards. The organization publishes a number of journals, has
many local chapters, and several large societies in special areas, such as the
IEEE Computer Society.
mIRC - mIRC runs under Windows and provides a graphical interface for logging onto IRC servers and listing, joining and leaving channels.
Infrastructure Network - An infrastructure network is a group of computers
or other devices, each with a wireless adapter, connected as an 802.11 wireless
Plug-and-Play - The ability of a computer system to configure expansion
boards and other devices automatically without requiring the user to turn off
the system during installation.
Network Mask - also known as the “Subnet Mask.”
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Instant Wireless® Series
Roaming - In an infrastructure mode wireless network, this refers to the ability to move out of one access point's range and into another and transparently
reassociate and reauthenticate to the new access point. This reassociation and
reauthentication should occur without user intervention and ideally without
interruption to network connectivity. A typical scenario would be a location
with multiple access points, where users can physically relocate from one area
to another and easily maintain connectivity.
SSID (Service Set Identifier) - An identification name that wireless devices
use to make connections. In order for wireless devices to communicate, they
must all be set to the same channel and they all must use the same SSID. For
instance, if you are using an access point to connect two computers using wireless devices, the access point and each of the wireless devices must use the
same SSID. Even if they are set to the same channel, they cannot communicate
unless the SSID is the same.
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
cient delivery over the network. UDP is known as a “connection-less” protocol
due to NOT requiring the receiver of a packet to return an acknowledgment of
receipt to the sender of the packet (as opposed to TCP).
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) - A data privacy mechanism based on a 64bit shared key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802.11b standard.
WINIPCFG - Configuration utility based on the Win32 API for querying,
defining and managing IP addresses within a network. A commonly used utility under Windows 95, 98, and Me.
WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) - A group of computers and associated devices that communicate with each other wirelessly.
Static IP Address - A permanent IP address that is assigned to a node in a
TCP/IP network.
Subnet Mask - The method used for splitting IP networks into a series of subgroups, or subnets. The mask is a binary pattern that is matched up with the IP
address to turn part of the host ID address field into a field for subnets.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - A method (protocol) used along with
the IP (Internet Protocol) to send data in the form of message units (datagram)
between network devices over a LAN or WAN. While IP takes care of handling
the actual delivery of the data (routing), TCP takes care of keeping track of the
individual units of data (called packets) that a message is divided into for efficient delivery over the network. TCP is known as a "connection oriented" protocol due to requiring the receiver of a packet to return an acknowledgment of
receipt to the sender of the packet resulting in transmission control.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - The basic communication language or set of protocols for communications over a network
(developed specifically for the Internet). TCP/IP defines a suite or group of
protocols and not only TCP and IP.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - A method (protocol) used along with the IP
(Internet Protocol) to send data in the form of message units (datagram)
between network devices over a LAN or WAN. While IP takes care of handling
the actual delivery of the data (routing), UDP takes care of keeping track of the
individual units of data (called packets) that a message is divided into for effi36
37
Instant Wireless® Series
Appendix C: Specifications
38
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Environmental
Dimensions
4.80" x 4.76" x 0.75"
(122 mm x 121 mm x 19 mm)
IEEE 802.11b
Unit Weight
3.88 oz. (0.11 kg)
11 Channels (USA)
13 Channels (Europe)
14 Channels (Japan)
Power
3.3 or 5V DC
Certifications
FCC Class B, IC-03
Port
One Antenna
Operating Temp.
32ºF to 131ºF (0ºC to 55ºC)
Transmit
19 dBm
Storage Temp.
-4ºF to 158ºF (-20ºC to 70ºC)
Receive Sensitivity
-82 dBm
Operating Humidity 0% to 90%, Non-Condensing
Modulation
BPSK, QPSK, CCK
Storage Humidity
Network Protocols
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, NetBEUI
LEDs
Power, Link
Model Number
WMP11
Standards
Channels
0% to 95%, Non-Condensing
39
Instant Wireless® Series
Wireless-B PCI Adapter
Appendix D: Warranty Information
Appendix E: Contact Information
BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE AND A BARCODE
FROM THE PRODUCT’S PACKAGING ON HAND WHEN CALLING.
RETURN REQUESTS CANNOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT PROOF OF
PURCHASE.
For help with the installation or operation of the Wireless-B PCI Adapter, contact Linksys Technical Support at one of the phone numbers or Internet
addresses below.
IN NO EVENT SHALL LINKSYS’ LIABILITY EXCEED THE PRICE PAID
FOR THE PRODUCT FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE
OF THE PRODUCT, ITS ACCOMPANYING SOFTWARE, OR ITS DOCUMENTATION. LINKSYS DOES NOT OFFER REFUNDS FOR ANY PRODUCT.
Sales Information
Technical Support
RMA (Return Merchandise
Authorization) Issues
Fax
Email
Web
FTP Site
800-546-5797 (LINKSYS)
800-326-7114
www.linksys.com (or call 949-271-5461)
949-265-6655
[email protected]
http://www.linksys.com
ftp.linksys.com
LINKSYS OFFERS CROSS SHIPMENTS, A FASTER PROCESS FOR PROCESSING AND RECEIVING YOUR REPLACEMENT. LINKSYS PAYS
FOR UPS GROUND ONLY. ALL CUSTOMERS LOCATED OUTSIDE OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND CANADA SHALL BE HELD
RESPONSIBLE FOR SHIPPING AND HANDLING CHARGES. PLEASE
CALL LINKSYS FOR MORE DETAILS.
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http://www.linksys.com
© Copyright 2003 Linksys, All Rights Reserved.
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