- Hawking Technology

- Hawking Technology
Trademarks & Copyright
Windows 95/98/ME and Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 Servers/Vista are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corp. All other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative
(such as translation, transformation or adaptation) without the express written consent of the manufacturer as
stipulated by the United States Copyright Act of 1976.
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the regulations for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this user’s guide,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at
his/her own expense.
The equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for
an uncontrolled environment, under 47 CFR 2.1093 paragraph (d)(2).
The Product name has been tested to the FCC exposure requirements (Specific Absorption Rate)
IC Warning
This Transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference, in which
case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Hawking Technology guarantees that every HWUG1 Wireless-G USB Network Adapter with removable
antenna is free from physical defects in material and workmanship under normal use for 1year from the date
of purchase. If the product proves defective during this two-year warranty period, call Hawking Customer
Service in order to obtain a Return Authorization number. Warranty is for repair or replacement only.
Hawking Technology does not issue any refunds. BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE.
returning a product, mark the Return Authorization number clearly on the outside of the package and include
your original proof of purchase.
DOCUMENTATION. Hawking Technology makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied or
statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all accompanying
software, and specifically disclaims its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular
purpose. Hawking Technology reserves the right to revise or updates its products, software, or
documentation without obligation to notify any individual or entity. Please direct all inquiries
to:[email protected]
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................... 1
1.1. Features ................................................................................ 1
1.2. Specifications ........................................................................ 2
1.3. Package Contents .................................................................. 2
1.4. Wireless Network Options / Quick Tutorial ...............................3
The Peer-to-Peer Network (also known as Ad-Hoc Mode) .. 3
The Access Point Network............................................. 3
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE ..................................................... 4
2.1. Windows Vista ....................................................................... 4
2.2. Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP .................................................. 9
Verify Device Installation ............................................ 12
NETWORK CONNECTION ..................................................... 12
In Windows 98SE/ME ................................................................. 12
In Windows 2000/XP .................................................................. 15
CONFIGURATION UTILITY ..................................................... 18
4.1. Accessing the Configuration Utility ......................................... 19
4.2. Site Survey........................................................................... 19
4.3. Profile ................................................................................. 20
4.3.1. Configure the Profile (Add/Edit a Profile) ............................. 21
4.3.2. Authentication vs. Security ................................................. 23
4.3.3. Enable WPA in Windows XP ............................................... 25
4.4. Link Status ........................................................................... 30
4.5. Reading the Link Status Page and Obtaining the Strongest
Connection ................................................................................ 31
4.6. Statistics .............................................................................. 32
4.7. Advanced ............................................................................ 32
4.8. About ................................................................................. 34
UNINSTALLATION ................................................................. 35
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................. 36
PRODUCT SUPPORT INFORMATION ........................................ 39
Last update: March 2008
1. Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the Hawking Technologies HWUG1 Wireless 802.11 USB
Adapter with Removable Antenna. The removable antenna enables user to upgrade to a
higher power antenna for extended wireless coverage. Designed with Turbo Mode, the
HWUG1 is 108Mbps capable when paired with the hawking HWRGM1A, Wireless-G
MIMO Router. The Turbo Mode increases the data transfer rate by compressing the data.
For piece-of-mind wireless security, the HWUG1 supports 64/128-bit WEP data
encryption that protects your wireless network from eavesdropping. It also supports the
WPA and WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access) security standards that combines IEEE 802.1x
and TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) technologies. Client users are required to
authorize before accessing to APs or AP Routers, and the data transmitted in the network is
encrypted/decrypted by a dynamically changed secret key.
1.1. Features
• Works with both IEEE 802.11b and IEEE 802.11g products.
• Removable antenna with reverse SMA connector – upgradeable to a higher power
antenna for a wider wireless coverage. (For the best result, pair the HWUG1 with a
Hawking Hi-Gain Antenna )
Signal Strength Indicator shows current wireless signal reception information
Supports Turbo Mode to enhance the data transfer speed within the specific wireless
Supports WMM (IEEE 802.11e QoS standard)- High throughput allows for the transfer
of data heavy multi-media files.
Supports 64/128-bit WEP, WPA (TKIP with IEEE 802.1x) and AES functions for the
highest level of security.
Automatic fallback increases data security and reliability.
USB 2.0 Compliant & Bus powered
High-speed transfer data rate of up to 54Mbps and 108Mbps when paired with the
Hawking HWRGm1A router.
Supports the most popular operating systems: Windows 98SE/Me/2000/XP/2003
1.2. Specifications
• Standard: IEEE 802.11b/g
• Interface: USB 2.0 Type A
• Frequency Band: 2.4000 ~ 2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band)
• Modulation: OFDM with BPSK, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM (11g)
Data Rate: 54/48/36/24/18/12/11/9/6/5.5/2/1Mbps auto fallback
Security: 64/128-bit WEP Data Encryption, WPA, WPA21, AES and IEEE 802.1x
Antenna: External Dipole Antenna
Drivers: Windows 98SE/Me/2000/XP/2003 Server/Vista
LEDs: Power/Link (Pwr/Lnk)
Transmit Power: 17dBm ± 2dBm
Receive Sensitivity: [email protected], [email protected]
Dimension: 10(H) x28(W) x 89.6(D) mm
Temperature: 32~122°F (0 ~50°C)
Humidity: Max. 10-95% (Non-Condensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
1.3. Package Contents
Before you begin the installation, please check the items of your package. The package
should include the following items:
One Mini USB Wireless-G Network Adapter
One Dipole Antenna
One CD (Driver/Utility/User’s Manual.)
One Quick Installation Guide
If any of the above items is missing, contact your supplier as soon as possible.
WPA2 is only available through Windows 2000/XP/2003 Server
1.4. Wireless Network Options / Quick Tutorial
The Peer-to-Peer Network (also known as Ad-Hoc Mode)
This network installation lets you set a small wireless workgroup easily and quickly.
Equipped with wireless PC Cards, wireless PCI, or Wireless USB adapters, you can
share files and printers directly between each PC and laptop.
You can also use one computer as an Internet Server to connect to a wired global
network and share files and information with other computers via a wireless LAN.
The Access Point Network
The network installation allows you to share files, printers, and Internet access much
more conveniently. With Wireless LAN Cards, you can connect to the internet or
with your network through a wireless access point.
2. Installation Procedure
2.1. Windows Vista
Important: Do not connect the Wireless-G USB Adapter into the USB port
until you have installed the driver from the CD and are instructed to do so.
Otherwise, the Adapter may not operate correctly.
Step 1: Driver & Utility Setup: Insert the Setup CD. The Setup Wizard
will load up automatically; select START HERE (Windows Vista).
Step 2: User Account Control: Vista is getting permission to install the
driver. Select Allow to continue.
Step 3: Please wait for the installation process to complete.
Step 4: Plug-in your HWUG1 Wireless-G Adapter. After plugging in the
Adapter, Windows Vista will start searching for updated driver.
Step 5: Select Locate and Install Driver software
(recommended). After the installation is complete, exit the wizard by
clicking on the Finish button.
Step 6: After installing the driver & utility:
a) Double click on the bottom “network icon”
b) Right click on the Start menu and select “Connect To”.
Step 7: Select a Network and click Connect. Please wait as it connects.
If you are connecting to an unsecured network, go to Step 8.
If you are connecting to a Security-enabled Network, go to Step 9.
Step 8: Unsecured Network: Select Connect Anyway if you like to
continue with an unsecured network. Then, go to Step 10.
Step 9:
Security-enabled Network: Type in the network security key
or passphrase. If you do not have the security key or passphrase, please
obtain it from your network administrator.
Step 10:
You are now connected to your selected network. You may save the selected
network connection (Go to Step 11) or click on Close to start using your wireless network.
Step 11:
Optional: if you choose to save the selected network, select a location. Select
Close when you are done.
2.2. Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP
1. Do not connect the Wireless-G USB Adapter into the USB port until you
have installed the driver from the CD and are instructed to do so.
Otherwise, the Adapter may not operate correctly.
2. If you have installed the Wireless adapter driver & utility before, please
uninstall the old version first.
3. The following installation was operated under Windows XP. (Procedures
are similar for Windows 98SE/Me/2000/2003 Server.)
A. Insert the Installation CD into your CD-ROM Drive. The Utility splash screen will
appear. Click Driver & Utility Setup to begin setup initialization.
B. Setup will initialize automatically.
C. Setup will ask prompt you to accept the Licensing agreement. Select Yes
to continue.
D. Choose “Hawking Configuration Tool” and click Next.
E. Select “Optimize for WiFi Mode” and click Next.
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F. The system will begin to install the software utility for the HWUG1. Follow the
instruction of the program to plug in the HWUG1 Wireless-G USB Adapter into the
USB port of your desktop or laptop computer.
G. When the following screen appears, click Finish to complete the software and
driver installation.
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Verify Device Installation
To verify that the device has been properly installed in your computer and is
enabled, go to Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ System (Æ Hardware)
Æ Device Manager. Expand the Network adapters item. If the Hawking
Wireless-G USB Adapter with Removable Antenna is listed, it means that
your device is properly installed and enabled.
Once the driver has been installed, you will need to make adjustments to your network settings.
In Windows 98SE/ME
1. Go to Start Æ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ Network.
2. Make sure that you have all the following components installed.
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Hawking HWUG1 Wireless-G Network Adapter with Removable Antenna
IPX/SPX-compatible Protocol
If any components are missing, click on the Add button to install them. All of the protocols and
clients required (listed above) are provided by Microsoft.
3. Next, highlight the specific network component you need, click Add.
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4. Highlight Microsoft, and then double click on the item you want to add. Click OK.
After returning to the Network screen, you can make your computer is visible on the
network by enabling the File and Print Sharing.
5. Click the Identification tab. Enter a name that is unique on the network. Type the name of
your workgroup, which should be the same name used by all of the other PCs on the
6. Click the Access Control tab. Make sure that “Share-level access control” is selected. If
connecting to a Netware server, share level can be set to “User-level access control.”
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7. When finished, restart your computer to activate the new device.
8. Once the computer has been rebooted, a Logon window will appear and will require you to
enter a username and password. Enter a username and password and click OK. Do not
click the Cancel button, or you won’t be able to log onto the network.
9. Double-click the Network Neighborhood icon on the windows desktop, and you should see
the names of the other PCs on the network.
In Windows 2000/XP
1. [In Windows 2000]
Go to StartÆ Settings Æ Control Panel Æ Network and Dial-up Connections Æ Local
Area Connection Æ Properties.
[In Windows XP]
Go to Start Æ Control Panel Æ Network Connections Æ Wireless Network Connection Æ
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2. Make sure that you have all the following components installed.
ƒ Client for Microsoft Networks
ƒ NWLink NetBIOS
ƒ NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol
ƒ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
If any components are missing, click on the Install… button to select the
Client/Service/Protocol required.
3. After selecting the component you need, click Add… to install.
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4. Select the network protocol you wish to add and click OK. This will return you to the Local
Area Connections Properties window.
5. To allow your computer to be visible on the network, make sure you have checked off the
File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks.
When finished, you must restart your computer to complete the installation
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4. Configuration Utility
The Configuration Utility is a powerful application that helps you configure the
Hawking Technologies Hi-Gain Wireless-G Dish Adapter and monitor the link status
during the communication process. It is recommended for Windows 98SE, 2000,
ME, and XP.
Note: For Windows Vista, please use the Microsoft Windows Wireless Configuration,
located in the Control Panels > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center.
The Hawking Wireless Configuration Utility is a powerful application that helps you
configure the HWUG1 and monitor the link status and statistics of your wireless
The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray of your Windows
operating system while the adapter is running. You can open it by double-clicking on
the icon.
You may also “Right-click” the icon, which will bring up the following options:
Launch Config Utilities
Select “Launch Config Utilities” to open the Configuration Utility tool.
Use Config as Configuration Utility or Use Zero Configuration Utility as
Configuration Utility
Select which of the two configuration modes you would like to use. The Zero
Configuration Utility automatically configures your adapter to work with any
wireless network. If you would like to manually tweak your network connection
settings, please select Config as Configuration Utility.
Exit -Select “Exit” to close the Configuration Utility tool
NOTE: If the icon is not present on the taskbar, you can launch the wireless utility
from the Start Menu. If the icon doesn’t appear automatically, go to Start Æ Programs
Æ Hawking HWU54DM Wireless Configuration Utility Æ Hawking Wireless
Configuration Utility, it will appear in the task bar.
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4.1. Accessing the Configuration Utility
All settings are categorized into 6 Tabs:
Link Status
Site Survey
Note:Only one configuration utility can be active at a time. When the ZCU is set
to be the active utility, opening the TI utility-by double-clicking on the utility icon
in the system tray or by right-clicking the icon and selecting Open-launches the
ZCU inserted of the TI utility.
4.2. Site Survey
When you open the Configuration Utility, the system will scan all wireless
channels to find all access points/stations within the accessible range of your
card and automatically connect to the wireless device with the highest signal
strength. When using the “Site Survey” option, all nearby networks will be listed.
You can change your connection to another network or you may add one of the
networks to your own profile list.
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Available Networks
This list shows all available wireless networks within range
of your card. It also displays the information of the
networks including the SSID, BSSID, Signal Strength,
Channel, Encryption, Authentication and Network Type. If
you want to connect to any networks on the list,
double-click the item on the list, and the card will
automatically connect to the selected network.
Rescan Button
Click “Rescan” button to collect the information of all the
wireless networks nearby.
Connect Button
Click “Connect” to connect to the selected network.
Add to Profile Button
Add the selected network to Profiles list.
4.3. Profile
The “Profiles List” is for you to manage the networks you connect to frequently. You
are able to Add/Delete/Edit/Activate a profile.
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Profiles List
The profiles list display all the profiles and the relative
information including Profile Name, SSID, Channel, etc.
Add/Delete/Edit Button
Click these buttons to add/delete/edit the selected profiles.
Activate Button
Click “Activate” to connect to the selected profile.
Configure the Profile (Add/Edit a Profile)
System Configuration
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the different networks.
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of two
co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the adapter and then only the device with
the same SSID can interconnect to the adapter. If you want to add one
of the networks nearby to the profile list, pull down the menu, all the
networks nearby will be listed and you can add one of them to the
profile list.
The power saving function is only available when the network type is in
CAM( Constantly Awake Mode) – The adapter will always be set in
active mode.
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Power Saving Mode – Place the adapter into power saving mode
when it is idle.
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of an
802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access Point
or Router.
Ad-Hoc – Select this mode if you want to connect to another wireless
station in the Wireless LAN network without going through an Access
Point or Router. Peer to Peer.
If you wish to lower the transmit power of the card to save the power
of your system, you can select the lower percentages from the list.
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for communication
among wireless stations. This option is only active in the Ad Hoc
There are two modes including Auto and Long Preamble. If
“Auto“ mode is selected, the card will auto switch the preamble mode
depending on the wireless stations which the card is connecting to.
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For
packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the packet
is transmitted directly to the wireless network. Select a setting within a
range of 0 to 2312 bytes. Minor change is recommended.
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet size larger
than the value will be fragmented. If you have decreased this value
and experience high packet error rates, you can increase it again, but
it will likely decrease overall network performance. Select a setting
within a range of 256 to 2312 bytes. Minor change is recommended.
This setting is only available for Ad Hoc mode. Select the number of
the radio channel used for the networking. The channel setting should
be the same with the network you are connecting to.
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Authentication vs. Security
Under the profiles tab, you are able to specify the type of security/authentication
mode used to connect with a wireless network. To access, create a new profile or
click “edit” on one of the profiles and select the “Authentication and Security” tab.
Authentication Type
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks
that the adapter intends to connect to. All security keys
within a network must match to allow successful
Open – No authentication is needed among the wireless
Shared – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP
Key identified) are allowed to connecting each other.
LEAP – Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol.
Allows dynamic WEP keys and mutual authentication
between a wireless client and a RADIUS server. LEAP allows
for clients to re-authenticate frequently; upon each
successful authentication, the clients acquire a new WEP
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WPA-PSK –It is a special mode designed for home and
small business users who do not have access to network
authentication servers. In this mode, known as Pre-Shared
Key, the user manually enters the starting password in their
access point or gateway, as well as in each wireless
stations in the network. WPA takes over automatically from
that point, keeping unauthorized users that don't have the
matching password from joining the network, while
encrypting the data traveling between authorized devices.
The encryption methods are including TKIP and AES. Note
that this option is only available for Windows XP.
WPA2 – This mode complies with the 802.11i standard.
Option available on Windows XP computers only.
Encryption Mode
None – Disable the WEP Data Encryption.
WEP – Enable the WEP Data Encryption. When the item is
selected, you have to continue setting the WEP Encryption
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the
temporal key every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of
message transmitted over a network.) This insures much
greater security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest
degree of security and authenticity for digital information
and it is the most advanced solution defined by IEEE
802.11i for the security in the wireless network.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
(Key1 ~ Key4)
Note: All devices in the network should use the same
encryption method to ensure the communication.
The WPA-PSK key can be from eight to 64 characters and
can be letters or numbers. This same key must be used on
all of the wireless stations in the network.
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the
wireless network. There are two types of key length: 64-bit
and 128-bit. Select the default encryption key from Key 1
to Key 4 by selected the radio button.
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Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and
“0-9” range) or 5-digit ASCII characters (including “a-z”
and “0-9”) as the encryption keys. For example:
“0123456aef“ or “test1”.
128-bit – Input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and
“0-9” range) or 13-digit ASCII characters (including “a-z”
and “0-9”) as the encryption keys. For example:
“01234567890123456789abcdef“ or “administrator”.
Enable WPA in Windows XP
You can opt to use the XP’s built-in wireless Zero Configuration Utility (ZCU)
to control your wireless adapter settings and to enable security with full WPA
and WEP authentication. This option disables Hawking’s wireless utility
NOTE: These instructions assume you are running Windows XP with SP2.
SP1 users may see slight changes in appearance of menu options.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a specification of standards-based,
interoperable security enhancement that strongly increases the level of data
protection (encryption) and access control (authentication) for existing and
future wireless LAN systems. The technical components of WPA include
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for dynamic key exchange, and
802.1x for authentication.
There are two types of WPA security: WPA-PSK (no server) and WPA (with
server). WPA requires a Radius Server to complete authentication among
wireless stations and Access Points. Typically, this mode is used in an
enterprise environment. WPA-PSK uses a so-called pre-shared key as the
security key. A pre-shared key is a password that every wireless station must
use to access the network. Typically, this mode will be used in a home
To enable the WPA function in Windows XP, the following software systems are
1. Right-click the Windows wireless networks icon located on your taskbar
as shown below.
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Select “View Available Wireless Networks” to open up the Wireless
Networks window. If you get the following message below, please
follow the next step. If not, skip to Step 3.
2. Right-click the Hawking Wireless Configuration Utility icon on the
taskbar. To turn on ZCU, make sure “Use Zero Configuration as
Configuration Utility” is selected on the menu. It should look like
3. Go back to the Window Wireless Network window. Choose
“Change Advanced Settings” from the left menu pane.
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4. In the Wireless Networks tab, select your preferred wireless network
you are connected to and click on “Properties”.
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5. Under the Association tab, select the type of Network Authentication
your wireless network uses and determine the type of data encryption, if
available. Ask your administrator for network information, if you need
help. A list of network authentication terms is described on the next
6. If you need to configure network authentication, go to the
Authentication tab.
7. Click OK once finished to complete the advanced setup. Then
press OK again to close the Window properties.
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Open –No authentication is needed among the wireless
Shared – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP Key
identified) are allowed to connecting each other.
WPA – This mode is for enterprise with an authentication server
(Radius Server), WPA-enabled access point, and a
WPA-enabled client. Once WPA is enabled, all clients and
access points on the network must be WPA-enabled in order to
access the network.
WPA-PSK – It is a special mode designed for home and small
business users who do not have access to network
authentication servers. In this mode, known as Pre-Shared Key,
the user manually enters the starting password in their access
point or gateway, as well as in each PC on the wireless network.
WPA takes over automatically from that point, keeping
unauthorized users that don't have the matching password from
joining the network, while encrypting the data traveling
between authorized devices.
Data Encryption
WEP – In WPA or WPA-PSK mode, WEP is also able to be
the encryption method for the transmission data.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the
temporal key every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of
message transmitted over a network.) This insures much
greater security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest
degree of security and authenticity for digital information
and it is the most advanced solution defined by IEEE
802.11i for the security in the wireless network.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same
encryption method to ensure the communication.
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4.4. Link Status
From the “Link Status” option, you can view all the information of the network you are
connecting to. You can use this tool in while at the same time repositioning the
Hi-Gain antenna to find the optimal location for antenna placement.
Displays the SSID and MAC ID of the network the adapter is
connected to.
Current Channel
Display the number of the radio channel and the frequency used
for the networking.
Display the transmission and receive rate of the network. The
maximum transmission rate is 54Mbps.
Display the speed of data transmitted and received.
Link Speed
Link Quality
Signal Strength
Noise Level
This bar indicates the quality of the link. The higher the
percentage, the better the quality.
If you want to know the signal strength in the unit of dBm, select
this check box.
This bar shows the signal strength level. The higher percentage
shown in the bar, the more radio signal been received by the
card. This indicator helps to find the proper position of the
wireless device for quality network operation.
Measures the level of signal interference within a wireless
network. The lower the noise level value, the better the
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4.5. Reading the Link Status Page and Obtaining the Strongest Connection
The Link Status page gives you information regarding your current wireless channel,
transmit rate (speed) and link/signal quality. You will use this utility to figure out which
antenna position results in the best performance and connection.
1) First you must determine where the location of your Wireless Access Point is within
your network.
2) Position the directional antenna towards the location of the Access Point.
3) While viewing your Link Status utility, rotate the antenna clockwise and
counter-clockwise slowly to figure out which position gives you the highest Link
Quality and Signal Strength. Once you have determined which position gives you
the best signal, leave the antenna in that orientation.
4) When you are not using the HWUG1 Wireless-G USB Adapter, carefully pull out
the unit from the computer’s USB port and put it in a safe place.
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4.6. Statistics
This option enables you to view the available statistic information with its Tx counts (Tx
success, Tx error, RTS Success and RTS Failed), and its Rx counts (Rx success, Rx error).
You may reset the counters by clicking ”Reset Counter”.
4.7. Advanced
This option enables you to configure more advanced settings, for example: wireless
mode, protection mode and etc.
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Wireless Mode
802.11 B/G mix – If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g
wireless stations in your network, it is recommended to setting
the card to this mode. This mode is also the default setting.
802.11 B or G only – This card can be compatible with both
802.11g and 802.11b wireless stations. If there are only
802.11b wireless stations in the network, you can set the card
to this mode. The same goes with 802.11g only wireless
Turbo Mode
Turbo Mode enables the card to deliver the better throughput
in the same period and environment.
B/G Protection
If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g wireless stations in
the network, it is recommended that you enable the protection
mechanism. This mechanism can decrease the rate of data
collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g wireless stations.
When the protection mode is enabled, the throughput of the
card will be a little lower due to more complex data packets
that must be transmitted.
Auto – Based on the status of the network and automatically
disable/enable protection mode.
On – Always enable the protection mode.
Fast Roaming
Tx Rate
Off – Always disable the protection mode.
These settings should only be used for advanced system
administrators only.
There are several options including
Auto/1/2/5.5/11/6/9/12/18/24/36/48/54Mbps for you to
select. When the “Auto” is selected, the device will choose the
most suitable transmission rate automatically. The higher data
rate you designated in the network, the shorter distance is
allowed between the card and the wireless stations.
When the wireless mode is “802.11 B only”, the maximum
data rate is 11Mbps (11b) so that there are only
“Auto/1/2/5.5/11Mbps” options you can select.
Turn Off RF Button
If you want to turn off the radio of the card temporarily, click
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this button. To turn on the radio, click this button again.
CCX 2.0
Support Cisco Compatible Extensions function:
1. LEAP turn on CCKM
2. Enable Radio Measurement: can channel measurement
0~2000 milliseconds.
3. Enable QOS: enable Quality of Service.
NOTE: These settings should only be used for advanced
system administrators only..
When settings have been made, select “Apply” to place the changes into effect.
4.8. About
By choosing this option, you can click view software and driver version information, IP
address and gateway address. The MAC Address of the network adapter is displayed
in the screen as well.
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In case you need to uninstall the Utility and driver, please refer to below steps. (As you
uninstall the utility, the driver will be uninstalled as well.)
1. Go to Start Æ All Programs ÆHawkingÆ Uninstall - Utility.
2. Click Remove all to complete the un-installation procedure.
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6. Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the installation
and operation of the adapter.
1. What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
802.11g is the new IEEE standard for high-speed wireless LAN communications that
provides for up to 54 Mbps data rate in the 2.4 GHz band. 802.11g is quickly
becoming the next mainstream wireless LAN technology for the home, office and
public networks.
802.11g defines the use of the same OFDM modulation technique specified in IEEE
802.11a for the 5 GHz frequency band and applies it in the same 2.4 GHz
frequency band as IEEE 802.11b. The 802.11g standard requires backward
compatibility with 802.11b.
The standard specifically calls for:
A. A new physical layer for the 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) in the 2.4
GHz frequency band, known as the extended rate PHY (ERP). The ERP adds
OFDM as a mandatory new coding scheme for 6, 12 and 24 Mbps (mandatory
speeds), and 18, 36, 48 and 54 Mbps (optional speeds). The ERP includes the
modulation schemes found in 802.11b including CCK for 11 and 5.5 Mbps and
Barker code modulation for 2 and 1 Mbps.
B. A protection mechanism called RTS/CTS that governs how 802.11g devices and
802.11b devices interoperate.
2. What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
A wireless standard formulated by the IEEE 802.11b Wireless LAN standard
subcommittee. The objective is to enable wireless LAN hardware from different
manufactures to communicate.
3. What does IEEE 802.11 feature support?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:
CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge Protocol
Multi-Channel Roaming
Automatic Rate Selection
RTS/CTS Feature
Power Management
4. What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc integrated wireless LAN is a group of computers, each has a Wireless
LAN adapter, Connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad hoc wireless LAN is
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applicable at a departmental scale for a branch or SOHO operation.
5. What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure
configuration. Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access to
central database, or wireless application for mobile workers.
6. What is BSS ID?
A specific Ad hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must
be configured with the same BSS ID.
7. What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40 bit
shared key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802 .11 standard.
8. What is TKIP?
TKIP is a quick-fix method to quickly overcome the inherent weaknesses in WEP
security, especially the reuse of encryption keys. TKIP is involved in the IEEE 802.11i
WLAN security standard, and the specification might be officially released by early
9. What is AES?
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), a chip-based security, has been developed to
ensure the highest degree of security and authenticity for digital information,
wherever and however communicated or stored, while making more efficient use of
hardware and/or software than previous encryption standards. It is also included in
IEEE 802.11i standard. Compare with AES, TKIP is a temporary protocol for
replacing WEP security until manufacturers implement AES at the hardware level.
10. Can Wireless products support printer sharing?
Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products. Therefore, Wireless
products can work with Netware, Windows 2000, or other LAN operating systems to
support printer or file sharing.
11. Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct
Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security feature of
scrambling. On the software side, WLAN series offer the encryption function (WEP) to
enhance security and Access Control. Users can set it up depending upon their
12. What is DSSS?What is FHSS?And what are their differences?
Frequency-hopping spread-spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes
frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly
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synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To an unintended
receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise. Direct-sequence
spread-spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for each bit to be
transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping code). The longer the chip is,
the greater the probability that the original data can be recovered. Even if one or
more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques
embedded in the radio can recover the original data without-the need for
retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS appears as low power wideband
noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband receivers.
13. What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by
the military for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical communication systems. It is
designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for reliability, integrity, and security. In
other words, more bandwidth is consumed than in the case of narrowband
transmission, but the trade off produces a signal that is, in effect, louder and thus
easier to detect, provided that the receiver knows the parameters of the
spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not tuned to the right
frequency, a spread –spectrum signal looks like background noise. There are two
main alternatives, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) and Frequency Hopping
Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
14. What is Hi-Gain and dBi?
Hi-Gain is Hawking Technologies high performance wireless distance extending
product line. It encompasses a group of products and technologies used to help
solve distance issues accompanied with WiFi products. A unit of measurement on
antenna strength and power is dBi.
The higher the dBi or gain level of an antenna the more powerful it is.
15. What is the difference between directional and omni-directional antennas?
Directional and omni-directional antennas determine the wireless output pattern of
In standard installations it is normally the wireless access point that uses the
omni-directional antenna (360 degree wireless output), while the clients (desktop or
laptops) that use the directional antennas (concentrated narrow wireless signal) to
create a stronger link directly to the access point.
16. How do I get an Optimal Wireless Connection with the HWUG1?
If pointing the antenna directly at the access point is not providing a sufficient signal
connection then you can try bouncing the signals off walls. Wireless signals can
reflect off walls or through windows to get to their desired location so try different
positions to find the best antenna orientation for your network.
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Thank you for choosing Hawking Technologies. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you
have any questions regarding the installation of your product. We’re here to help you 24
hours a day, 7 days a week!
Toll-Free 24/7 Technical Support Line (US & Canada Only)
You’ll find: (a) Firmware/Driver updates with the latest features and news on your
product (b) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) with answers to common asked
questions about your product.]
[email protected]
Product User’s Manual
(Normally located on the product CD)
You’ll find detail install instruction on your product and default user name and
Email: [email protected]
Tel: 949.790.0800 ext:1000
We want to hear from you! We hope you will have a wonderful experience using our
hawking product. If there is any concern, please email us at
[email protected]
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