OWNER`S MANUAL HONDA uso E MANUTENZIONE

OWNER`S MANUAL HONDA uso E MANUTENZIONE
É HONDA
OWNERS MANUAL
USO E MANUTENZIONE
MANUAL DEL PROPIETARIO
CBRGOORR
Honda CBR6OOORR
OWNERS MANUAL
USO E MANUTENZIONE
MANUAL DEL PROPIETARIO
|
|
| © Honda Motor Co., Ltd. 2007
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
e* OPERATOR AND PASSENGER
This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and one passenger. Never exceed the
maximum weight capacity as shown on the accessories and loading label.
e ON-ROAD USE
This motorcycle is designed to be used only on the road.
* READ THIS OWNER”S MANUAL CAREFULLY
Pay special attention to the safety messages that appear throughout the manual. These
messages are fully explained in the “A Few Words About Safety” section which appears
before the Contents page.
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when resold.
Honda CBR6OOORR
OWNER’S MANUAL
All information in this publication is based on the latest production information
available at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co.,Ltd. reserves the
right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring any
obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
WELCOME
The motorcycle presents you a challenge to master the machine, a challenge to adventure.
You ride through the wind, linked to the road by a vehicle that responds to your commands
as no other does. Unlike an automobile, there is no metal cage around you. Like an airplane, a
preride inspection and regular maintenance are essential to your safety. Your reward is
reedom.
To meet the challenges safely, and to enjoy the adventure fully, you should become
thoroughly familiar with this owner’s manual BEFORE YOU RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE.
As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This
information is intended to help you avoid damage to your motorcycle, other property, or the
environment.
When service is required, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best. If
you have the required mechanical “know-how” and tools, your dealer can supply you with an
official Honda Shop Manual to help you perform many maintenance and repair tasks.
Pleasant riding, and thank you for choosing a Honda !
e The following codes in this manual indicate each country.
e The illustrations herein are based on the ED type.
e The specifications may vary with each locale.
© | UK - ME | (E Ivype
F | France — Belgium ЛЕ | (F Type
D | European direct sales ED | (ED Type II)
Austria Hun Romania (U Type 1)
Belgium Israe Russia VX |_ (MX Type ID
Bulgaria Iceland Singapore
Croatia Italy Slovakia
Czech Latvia Slovenia
Denmark Luxembourg Spain
Finland Macedonia Sweden
Germany orway Switzerland
Greece Poland Ukraine
Holland Portugal
U | Australia New Zealand
MX | Mexico
BR | Brazil
A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
* Safety Labels — on the motorcycle.
e Safety Messages — preceded by a safety alert symbol À and one of three signal words:
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
| ADANGER You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don't follow
A WARNING instructions. y
41 CAUTION You CAN be HURT if you don't follow instructions.
e Safety Headings — such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
e Safety Section — such as Motorcycle Safety.
* Instructions — how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information — please read it carefully.
OPERATION
page
1 MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
1
2
4
IMPORTANT SAFETY
INFORMATION
PROTECTIVE APPAREL
LOAD LIMITS AND GUIDELINES
9 PARTS LOCATION
12
INSTRUMENTS AND
INDICATORS
29 MAJOR COMPONENTS
(Information you need to operate
this motorcycle)
SUSPENSION
BRAKES
CLUTCH
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
TUBELESS TYRES
page
52 ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL
52
53
55
98
59
61
COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
KEYS
IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM (HISS)
(Except MX, IMX type>
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
LEFT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
HESD (Honda Electronic Steering
Damper)
page
62
FEATURES
(Not required for operation)
STEERING LOCK
SEAT
HELMET HOLDER
DOCUMENT BAG
STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR
U-SHAPED ANTI-THEFT LOCK
LOWER COWL
MIDDLE COWL
HEADLIGHT AIM VERTICAL
ADJUSTMENT
page
71 OPERATION
PRE-RIDE INSPECTION
STARTING THE ENGINE
RUNNING-IN
RIDING
BRAKING
PARKING
ANTITHEFT TIPS
MAINTENANCE
page
83 MAINTENANCE
83
84
85
86
89
90
91
92
98
104
105
106
112
113
114
115
121
123
125
THE IMPORTANCE OF
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
TOOL KIT
SERIAL NUMBERS
COLOUR LABEL
< Except BR type >
ENGINE OIL
SPARK PLUGS
THROTTLE OPERATION
COOLANT
DRIVE CHAIN
DRIVE CHAIN SLIDER
FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSION
INSPECTION
SIDE STAND
WHEEL REMOVAL
BRAKE PAD WEAR
BATTERY
FUSE REPLACEMENT
page
128 BRAKELIGHT SWITCH
ADJUSTMENT
129 BULB REPLACEMENT
135 CLEANING
140 STORAGE GUIDE
140 STORAGE
142 REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
143 SPECIFICATIONS
148 CATALYTIC CONVERTER
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Your motorcycle can provide many years of
service and pleasure — if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges that you can
meet on the road.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You'll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. Following are a few that we
consider most important.
Always Wear a Helmet —
It's a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 2 ).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Within Your Limits
Pushing the limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol,
drugs, fatigue and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgements and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction time
gets worse with every additional drink. So
don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your
friends drink and ride either.
Keep Your Bike in Safe Condition
For safe riding, it's important to inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits, and only use
accessories that have been approved by
Honda for this motorcycle. See page 4 for
more details.
PROTECTIVE APPAREL
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt
or jacket whenever you ride. Although
complete protection is not possible, wearing
proper gear can reduce the chance of injury
when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose proper gear.
EY
Not wearing a helmet increases the
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye protection
and other protective apparel when you
ride.
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece of
riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A brightcoloured helmet can
make you more noticeable in traffic, as can
reflective strips.
An open-face helmet offers some protection,
but a full-face helmet offers more. Always
wear a face shield or goggles to protect
your eyes and help your vision.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
e Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
e Leather gloves to keep your hands warm
and help prevent blisters, cuts, burns and
bruises.
e¢ A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection. Bright-
coloured and reflective clothing can help
make you more noticeable in traffic. Be
sure to avoid loose clothes that could get
caught on any part of your motorcycle.
To avoid possible heat damage to your
motorcycle or personal belongings, do not
block or restrict air flow around the exhaust
muffler with baggage or clothing.
LOAD LIMITS AND GUIDELINES
Your motorcycle has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger, you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so long
as you keep your motorcycle well-
maintained, with good tyres and brakes, you
can safely carry loads within the given limits
and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
affect your motorcycle’s handling, braking
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
The following pages give more specific
information on loading, accessories and
modifications.
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you ride
with a passenger or cargo you should be
aware of the following information.
BEAT ENTE
Overloading or improper loading can
cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other loading
guidelines in this manual.
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Maximum weight capacity:
180 kg (397 Ibs)... Except MX,
NMX type
166 kg (366 Ibs)... MX, IMX type
Includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo and all accessories
Maximum cargo weight:
14 kg (31 Ibs)
The weight of added accessories will reduce
the maximum cargo weight you can carry.
Loading Guidelines
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You may
wish to secure a jacket or other small items
to the seat when you are not riding with a
passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check with
your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure
to read the information regarding
accessories on page 7.
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if your
motorcycle is properly loaded, you should
ride at reduced speeds and never exceed
130 km/h (80 mph) when carrying cargo.
Follow these guidelines whenever you carry
a passenger or cargo:
® Check that both tyres are properly
inflated (page 46 ).
e If you change your normal load, you may
need to adjust the front suspension (page
29 ) and the rear suspension (page 32 ).
e To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is
securely tied down before you ride away.
e Place cargo weight as close to the center
of the motorcycle as possible.
e Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
e To avoid possible heat damage to your
motorcycle or personal belongings, do not
block or restrict air flow around the
exhaust muffler with baggage or clothing.
Accessories and Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using non-
Honda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
A WARNING
Improper accessories or modifications
can cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or Killed.
Follow all instructions in this owners
manual regarding accessories and
modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection, installation
and use of non-Honda accessories. Check
with your dealer for assistance and always
follow these guidelines:
e Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and banking angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position or interfere with
operating any controls.
e Be sure electrical equipment does not
exceed the motorcycle's electrical system
capacity (page 147 ). A blown fuse can
cause a loss of lights or engine power.
e Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and their
use can seriously impair your motorcycle's
handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change its
design or operation. Such changes could
seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling,
stability and braking, making it unsafe to
ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
mufflers, emission control system or other
equipment can also make your motorcycle
illegal.
PARTS LOCATION
Fuel gauge Indicators Tachometer Multi-function display
Rearview mirror Indicators Rearview mirror
... * CO)
Ignition switch > À ><
Of: Front brake fluid
Passing light .
control switch reservoir
(Except MX,
Pe) EN Engine st itch
AN ngine stop switc
Clutch lever Za
a Mn a Front brake lever
ПМХ type) |
Thr i
Headlight dimmer ottle grip
switch
Turn signal switch Start button
Horn button
Front suspension spring preload adjuster
Fuel fill cap Front suspension rebound damping adjuster
Document compartment Rear brake fluid reservoir
Tool kit
N Battery Oil filler cap
Front suspension
VER >? compression
A . 2 N
damping adjuster
A Coolant reserve tank
Passenger footpeg Footpeg Rear brake pedal Engine oil inspection window
10 |
Storage compartment for
Rear suspension compression U-shaped anti-theft lock
damping adjuster :
Front suspension NN
compression Ea
>
damping adjuster Te
J AN IN: =
Helmet holder : Passenger footpeg
EZ ©
г
Side stand Shift lever Footpeg
Rear suspension spring preload adjuster
Rear suspension rebound damping adjuster
11
INSTRUMENTS AND
INDICATORS
The indicators are contained in the
instrument panel. Their functions are
described in the tables on the following
pages.
(1) Fuel gauge
(2) Left turn signal indicator
(3) Immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
(Except MX, IMX type> —
(4) Tachometer
(5) Tachometer red zone
(6) Right turn signal indicator
(7) Multi-function display
(8) HESD indicator
(9) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(10) High coolant temperature indicator
(11) Low oil pressure indicator
(12) Neutral indicator
(13) High beam indicator
(14) RESET button
(15 SEL button
(15) dd)
(14)
(13) (12)
2) ©) © © 6 (n
(11) 10) (9) (9
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
(1) Fuel gauge
Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 20 ).
This gauge shows the initial display (page 19 ).
(2) Left turn signal indicator
(green)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates. Should
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON.
(3) Immobilizer system
(HISS) indicator
(red)
Except MX, IIMX type:
This indicator lights for a few seconds when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at () (RUN). It will then go off if the
properly-coded key has been inserted. If an
improperly-coded key has been inserted, the
indicator will remain on and the engine will not start
(page 55).
When the blinking function of this indicator is valid
and the ignition switch is OFF, it keeps blinking for
24 hours (page 56 ).
13
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
(4) Tachometer
Shows engine revolutions per minute.
The tachometer needle will swing to the maximum
scale on the dial once when the ignition switch is
turned ON.
(5) Tachometer red zone
Never allow the tachometer needle to enter the red
zone, even after the engine has been broken in.
Running the engine beyond recommended maximum
engine speed (the beginning of the tachometer red
zone) can damage the engine.
(6) Right turn signal indicator
(green)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates. Should
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON.
14
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
(7) Multi-function display
The display includes the following functions;
This display shows the initial display (page 19 ).
Speedometer Shows riding speed (page 25).
Odometer Shows accumulated mileage (page 25).
Tripmeter Shows mileage per trip (page 25).
Digital clock Shows hour and minute (page 27 ).
Coolant temperature Shows coolant temperature (page 23).
meter
15
(Ref. No.) Description
(8) HESD indicator (red)
Function
Lights when there is any abnormality in the HESD
(Honda Electronic Steering Damper). Should also go
on for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and engine stop switch
isat () (RUN).
If it comes on at any other time, reduce speed and
take the motorcycle to your Honda dealer as soon as
possible (page 61 ).
(9) PGM-FI malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
(red)
Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI
(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and engine stop switch
is at () (RUN). If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take the motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible.
16
(Ref No.) Description
Function
(10) High coolant
temperature
indicator (red)
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. Should also lights for a few seconds and
then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON.
If the indicator goes on while riding, stop the engine
and check the reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
40 — 41 and do not ride the motorcycle until the
problem has been corrected.
Exceeding maximum running temperature may cause
serious engine damage.
(11) Low oil pressure
indicator (red)
Lights when the engine oil pressure is below normal
operating range. Should light when ignition switch is
ON and engine is not running. Should go out when
the engine starts, except for occasional flickering at
or near idling speed when engine is warm.
Running the engine with insufficient oil pressure may
cause serious engine damage.
17
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
(12) Neutral indicator (green)
Lights when the transmission is in neutral. Should
also light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON.
(13) High beam indicator (blue)
Lights when the headlight is on high beam. Should
also light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON.
(14) RESET button
This button is used to reset the tripmeter (page 25 )
or to adjust the time (page 27 ).
E, IE type:
This button is used to reset the tripmeter or to adjust
the time or to change the speed and mileage units for
the speedometer/odometer/tripmeter (page 26).
(15) SEL button
This button is used to select the odometer, tripmeter
A and tripmeter B (page 25 ) or to adjust the time
(page 27).
18
Initial Display
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the
multi-function display (1) and fuel gauge
(2) will temporarily show all the modes and
digital segments. Thereafter, the
speedometer (3) will show from 290 km/h
to 0 km/h (E, IllE type: From 180 mph to
0 mph in mph) so that you can make sure
the liquid crystal display is functioning
properly.
The unit “mph” (4 ) and “mile” ( 5) will be
displayed for E, IIE type.
Digital clock (6) and tripmeter (7) will
reset if the battery is disconnected.
(4)
(6
298, 20:38)
/ \
(7) | (6)
(1) Multi-function display
(2) Fuel gauge
(3) Speedometer
( 4) “mph”
(5) “mile”
(6) Digital clock
(7) Tripmeter
19
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge liquid crystal display (1)
shows the approximate fuel supply available
in a graduated display. When the segment F
(2) goes on, the fuel tank capacity including
reserve is:
18.0 8 (4.76 US gal , 3.96 Imp gal)
When segment E (3) flashes, fuel will be
-low and you should refill the tank as soon as
possible. |
The amount of fuel left in the tank with the
vehicle set upright is approximately:
3.8 2 (1.00 US gal , 0.84 Imp gal)
20
— (2)
—
(1)
as"
' L, — ®
К
(1) Fuel gauge liquid crystal display
(2) Segment F
(3) Segment E
Fuel Gauge Failure Indication:
If the fuel system has an error, the fuel
gauge indicators will be displayed as shown
in the illustration.
If this occurs, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible.
E F Ets, FUN
Nhe EN un
vs uN un a
ou: 5 — > 5 Ш OR
IE JE um u
Fyn E. a
E E m Е re E EN
Ll
F Fr a FI
o Ls] um
ел un
в о = B —«— в <«—B_
_ | Li ||
EU | =
E E Е UN E IM E “UN
21
Multi-function Display
Multi-function display (1) includes the
following functions:
Speedometer
Coolant temperature meter
Odometer/Tripmeter
Digital clock
22
(1) 2)
NA
"
Ж
ed
4)
= 500
+ 50. #025 >,
/ x
(3) ©)
(1) Multi-function display
(2) Speedometer
(3) Coolant temperature meter
(4) Odometer/Tripmeter
(5) Digital clock
Coolant Temperature Meter
The coolant temperature meter (1) shows
coolant temperature digitally.
| =”
Temperature Display: == "Cc
Below 34°C “— —”is displayed.
Between 35°C Actual coolant tempera-
and 121°C ture is indicated.
(1)
Between 122°C | Actual coolant tempera- \ _ и
and 131°C ture is indicated and - “4 —
flashed. —*—— # 3e °C —-
Zz | No
Above 132°C The display will remain
and flash “132°C”.
(1) Coolant temperature meter
23
Overheating Message:
When the coolant temperature reaches
122°C, the display begins to flash. At the
same time, the high coolant temperature
indicator (2) lights.
If this occurs, stop the engine and check the
reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
40 — 41 and do not ride the motorcycle
until the problem has been corrected.
Exceeding maximum running temperature
may cause serious engine damage.
24
(2) High coolant temperature indicator
Speedometer/ Odometer/Tripmeter/
Speed and Mileage Unit Change
Speedometer
Shows riding speed.
Odometer/Tripmeter
The odometer (2) shows accumulated
mileage.
The tripmeter shows mileage per trip.
There are two tripmeters, tripmeter A (3)
and tripmeter B (4).
Push the SEL button (5) to select the
odometer, tripmeter A and tripmeter B.
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
RESET button (6) when the display is in
the tripmeter A or tripmeter B.
(1) Speedometer
(2) Odometer
(3) Tripmeter A
(4) Tripmeter B
(5) SEL button
(6) RESET button
25
Speed and Mileage Unit Change
(E, HIE onty >
The Spee ometer displays both “km/h” and
“mp ”
The odometer/tripmeter displays both
“km” and “mile”.
Push the RESET button (6) to select
“km/h”/“km” or “mph”/“mile” with the
display in the tripmeter A mode.
26
(6)
(6) RESET button
Digital Clock
Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time,
proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Push and hold both the SEL button (2)
and RESET button (3) for more than 2
seconds. The clock will be set in the
adjust mode with the hour display
flashing.
(2) (1)
uni.
ЧИ
AMONT" TS
Ha
=
= A
a
(1) Digital clock
(2) SEL button
(3) RESET button
3. To set the hour, push the RESET button
until the desired hour and AM/PM are
displayed.
e The time is advanced by one hour,
each time the button is pushed.
e The time advances fast when the
button is pushed and held.
27
4. Push the SEL button. The minute display
will start flashing.
28
9. To set the minute, push the RESET
button until the desired minute. The
minute display will return to “00” when
“60” is reached without affecting the hour
display.
* The time advances by one minute, each
time the button is pushed.
* The time advances fast when the
button is pushed and held.
6. To end the adjustment, push the SEL
button or turn the ignition switch OFF.
The display will stop flashing
automatically and the adjustment will be
cancelled if the button is not pushed for
about 30 seconds.
MAJOR COMPONENTS
(Information you need to operate this motorcycle)
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
SUSPENSION
Front Suspension
Spring Preload:
Adjust the spring preload by turning the
spring preload adjuster with the 19 mm
wrench provided in the tool kit (page 89 ).
To reduce (SOFT) :
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD) :
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD
for a firmer ride and rough road condition.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard
position, proceed as follows :
1. Turn the preload adjuster (1)
counterclockwise until it will no longer
turn (lightly seats). This is the full soft
setting.
2. The adjuster is set in the standard
position when the adjuster | is turned
clockwise 5 turns.
(1)
(1) Preload adjuster
29
Rebound Damping:
To reduce (SOFT) :
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD) :
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD
for a firmer ride and rough road condition.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard
position, proceed as follows :
1. Turn the damping adjuster (1) clockwise
until it will no longer turn (lightly seats).
This is the full hard setting.
2. The adjuster is set in the standard
position when the adjuster is turned
counterclockwise approximately 2 1/2
turns so that its punch mark (2) aligns
with the reference punch mark (3).
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
30
(1) Damping adjuster (3) Reference punch mark
(2) Punch mark
Compression Damping:
To reduce (СОРТ):
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD) :
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD
for a firmer ride and rough road condition.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard
position, proceed as follows :
1. Turn the damping adjuster (1) clockwise
until it will no longer turn (lightly seats).
This is the full hard setting.
2. The adjuster is set in the standard
position when the adjuster is turned
counterclockwise approximately 2 turns
so that its punch mark (2) aligns with the
reference punch mark (3).
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
(1)
(1) Damping adjuster (3) Reference punch
(2) Punch mark mark
31
Rear Suspension
Rebound Damping:
To reduce SOFT:
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition. |
To increase (HARD) :
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD
for a firmer ride and rough road condition.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard
position, proceed as follows :
1. Turn the damping adjuster (1) clockwise
until it will no longer turn (lightly seats).
This is the full hard setting.
2. The adjuster is set in the standard
position when the adjuster is turned
counterclockwise approximately 2 turns
so that its punch mark (2) aligns with the
reference punch mark (3).
32
(1) Damping adjuster
(2) Punch mark
(3) Reference punch
mark
Compression Damping:
To reduce (SOFT) :
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD) :
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD
for a firmer ride and rough road condition.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard
position, proceed as follows :
1. Turn the damping adjuster (1) clockwise
until it will no longer turn (lightly seats).
This is the full hard setting.
2. The adjuster is set in the standard
position when the adjuster is turned
counterclockwise approximately 20 clicks
so that its punch mark (2) aligns with the
reference punch mark (3).
(3) | (1)
(1) Damping adjuster (3) Reference punch
(2) Punch mark mark
33
Spring Preload:
The spring preload adjuster (1) has
10 spring preload positions for different
load or riding conditions.
‘Use the pin spanner (2) and extension bar
(3) to adjust the rear shock.
Positions 1 to 3 are for a light load and
smooth road conditions. Position 4 is the
standard position. Positions 5 to 10 increase
spring preload for a stiffer rear suspension
and can be used when the motorcycle is
more heavily loaded.
The rear shock absorber assembly includes
a damper unit that contains high pressure
nitrogen gas. Do not attempt to disassemble
or service the damper; it cannot be rebuilt
and must be replaced when worn out.
Disposal should only be done by your
Honda dealer. The instructions found in this
owner's manual are limited to adjustment of
the shock assembly only.
34
(3) @®
(1) Spring preload adjuster
(2) Pin spanner
(3) Extension bar
BRAKES
Both the front and rear brakes are the
hydraulic disc types.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level drops.
There are no adjustments to perform, but
fluid level and pad wear must be inspected
periodically. The system must be inspected
frequently to ensure there are no fluid leaks.
If the brake lever or pedal free travel
becomes excessive and the brake pads are
not worn beyond the recommended limit
(page 121 ), there is probably air in the
brake system and it must be bled. See your
Honda dealer for this service.
Front Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be between
the UPPER (1) and LOWER (2) level
marks. If the level is at or below the
LOWER level mark, check the front brake
pads for wear (page 121 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn, have your brake system
inspected for leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 brake fluid from a sealed container,
or an equivalent.
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
35
Front Brake Lever:
The distance between the tip of the brake
lever (1) and the grip can be adjusted by
turning the adjuster dial (2) while pushing
the lever forward.
Align the numbers (3) on the adjuster dial
with the index mark (4).
Apply the brake several times and check for
free wheel rotation after the brake lever is
released.
2) © @
(1) Brake lever
(2) Adjuster dial
36
(3) Numbers
(4) Index mark
Other Checks:
Make sure there are no fluid leaks. Check
for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and
fittings. |
Rear Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be between
the UPPER (1) and LOWER (2) level
marks. If the level is at or below the
LOWER level mark, check the rear brake
pads for wear (page 122 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn, have your brake system
inspected for leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 brake fluid from a sealed container,
or an equivalent.
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
37
CLUTCH
Clutch adjustment may be required if the
motorcycle stalls when shifting into gear or
tends to creep; or if the clutch slips, causing
acceleration to lag behind engine speed.
Minor adjustments can be made with the
(uch cable adjuster (3) at the clutch lever
1).
Normal clutch lever freeplay is:
10— 20 mm (0.4—0.8 in)
(1)
(1) Clutch lever
38
1. Loosen the lock nut (2) and turn the
clutch cable adjuster. Tighten the lock
nut and check the adjustment.
2.1f the adjuster is threaded out near its
limit or if the correct freeplay cannot be
obtained, loosen the lock nut and turn in
the clutch cable adjuster completely.
Tighten the lock nut.
(2)
(B)
DES TEA ©
DA EA y
Tu ©
NN Nr
NN SN
(AN 5
(2) Lock nut (A) Increase freeplay
(3) Clutch cable adjuster (B) Decrease freeplay
3. Loosen the lock nut (4) at the lower end
of the cable. Turn the adjusting nut (5) to
obtain the specified freeplay. Tighten the
lock nut and check the adjustment.
4. Start the engine, pull in the clutch lever
and shift into gear. Make sure the engine
does not stall and the motorcycle does
not creep. Gradually release the clutch
lever and open the throttle. The
motorcycle should begin to move
smoothly and accelerate gradually.
4)
(4) Lock nut (A) Increase freeplay
(5) Adjusting nut (B) Decrease freeplay
If proper adjustment cannot be obtained or
the clutch does not work correctly, see your
Honda dealer.
Other Checks:
Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of
wear that could cause sticking or failure.
Lubricate the clutch cable with a
commercially available cable lubricant to
prevent premature wear and corrosion.
39
COOLANT
Coolant Recommendation
The owner must properly maintain the
coolant to prevent freezing, overheating,
and corrosion. Use only high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing
corrosion protection inhibitors specifically
recommended for use in aluminum engines.
(SEE ANTIFREEZE CONTAINER LABEL).
Use only low-mineral drinking water or
distilled water as a part of the antifreeze
solution. Water that is high in mineral
content or salt may be harmful to the
aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump seals
or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and distilled water in this
motorcycle. This coolant solution is
recommended for most operating
temperatures and provides good corrosion
protection. A higher concentration of
antifreeze decreases the cooling system
performance and is recommended only
when additional protection against freezing
is needed. A concentration of less than 40/
60 (40% antifreeze) will not provide proper
corrosion protection. During freezing
temperatures, check the cooling system
frequently and add higher concentrations of
antifreeze (up to a maximum of 60%
antifreeze) if required.
Inspection
The reserve tank is behind the lower cowl.
Check the coolant level in the reserve tank
(1) while the engine is at the normal
operating temperature with the motorcycle
in an upright position. If the coolant level is
below the LOWER level mark (2), remove
the lower cowl (page 68 ) and the reserve
tank cap (3).
Add coolant mixture until it reaches the
UPPER level mark (4). Always add coolant
to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by removing
the radiator cap.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant
loss is excessive, check for leaks and see
your Honda dealer for repair.
(1) Reserve tank
(2) LOWER level mark
(3) Reserve tank cap
(4) UPPER level mark
FUEL
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank capacity including the reserve
supply is:
18.0 2 (4.76 US gal , 3.96 Imp gal)
To open the fuel fill cap (1), insert the
ignition key (2) and turn it clockwise. The
fuel fill cap is hinged and will lift up.
Do not overfill the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck (3).
After refueling, to close the fuel fill cap,
push the fuel fill cap into the filler neck until
it snaps closed and locks. Remove the key.
ENGI.
Petrol is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be bummed or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
e Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
e Refuel only outdoors.
e Wipe up spills immediately.
@)
(1) Fuel fill cap
(2) Ignition key
(3)
(3) Filler neck
(Except MX, IMX, BR type>
Use unleaded petrol with a research octane
number of 95 or higher.
The use of leaded petrol will cause
premature damage to the catalytic
converter.
(MX, IIMX, BR type
Use unleaded petrol with a pump octane
number of 91 or higher.
The use of leaded petrol will cause
premature damage to the catalytic
converter.
If “spark knock” or “pinging” occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of petrol. If spark knock or
pinging persists, consult your Honda dealer.
Failure to do so is considered misuse, and
damage caused by misuse is not covered by
Honda's Limited Warranty.
Petrol Containing Alcohol
If you decide to use a petrol containing
alcohol (gasohol), be sure it's octane rating
is at least as high as that recommended by
Honda. There are two types of “gasohol”:
one containing ethanol, and the other
containing methanol. Do not use petrol that
contains more than 10 % ethanol. Do not use
petrol containing methanol (methyl or wood
alcohol) that does not also contain
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors for
methanol. Never use petrol containing more
than 5 % methanol, even if it has cosolvents
and corrosion inhibitors.
Fuel system damage or engine performance
problems resulting from the use of fuels
that contain alcohol is not covered under
the warranty. Honda cannot endorse the
use of fuels containing methanol since
evidence of their suitability is as yet
incomplete.
Before buying fuel from an unfamiliar
station, try to find out if the fuel contains
alcohol. If it does, confirm the type and
percentage of alcohol used. If you notice
any undesirable operating symptoms while
using a petrol that contains alcohol, or one
that you think contains alcohol, switch to a
petrol that you know does not contain
alcohol.
ENGINE OIL
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level each day before
riding the motorcycle.
The level must be maintained between the
upper (1) and lower (2) level marks in the
inspection window (3).
1. Start the engine and let it idle for 3—5
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator light
remains on, stop the engine immediately.
2. Stop the engine and hold the motorcycle
in an upright position on firm, level
ground.
3. After 2—3 minutes, check that the oil
level is between the upper and lower level
marks in the inspection window.
4. If required, remove the oil filler cap (4)
and add the specified oil (page 92) up to
the upper level mark. Do not overfill.
5. Reinstall the oil filler cap. Check for oil
leaks.
Running the engine with insufficient oil
pressure may cause serious engine damage.
(1)
(2)
(1) Upper level mark (3) Inspection window
(2) Lower level mark (4) Oil filler cap
TUBELESS TYRES
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tyres must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying. The following pages give more
detailed information on how and when to
check your air pressure, how to inspect
your tyres for damage, and what to do when
your tyres need to be repaired or replaced.
A WARNING
Using tyres that are excessively wom
or improperly inflated can cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this owner's
manual regarding tyre inflation and
maintenance.
46
Air Pressure
Keeping your tyres properly inflated
provides the best combination of handling,
tread life and riding comfort. Generally,
underinflated tyres wear unevenly,
adversely affect handling, and are more
likely to fail from being overheated.
Overinflated tyres make your motorcycle
ride harshly, are more prone to damage
from road hazards, and wear unevenly.
We recommend that you visually check
your tyres before every ride and use a
gauge to measure air pressure at least once
a month or any time you think the tyres
might be low.
Tubeless tyres have some self-sealing
ability if they are punctured. However,
because leakage is often very slow, you
should look closely for punctures whenever
a tyre is not fully inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tyres
are “cold” — when the motorcycle has been
parked for at least three hours. If you check
air pressure when your tyres are “warm” —
when the motorcycle has been ridden for
even a few miles — the readings will be
higher than if the tyres were “cold”. This is
normal, so do not let air out of the tyres to
match the recommended cold air pressures
given below. If you do, the tyres will be
underinflated.
The recommended “cold” tyre pressures
are:
Front 250 kPa
{2.50 kgf/cm? , 36 psi)
Rear 290 kPa
(2.90 kgf/cm? , 42 psi)
Inspection
Whenever you check the tyre pressures,
you should also examine the tyre treads and
sidewalls for wear, damage, and foreign
objects:
Look for:
e Bumps or bulges in the side of the tyre or
the tread. Replace the tyre if you find any
bumps or bulges.
e Cuts, splits or cracks in the tyre. Replace
the tyre if you can see fabric or cord.
® Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object, pull
to the side of the road as soon as you can
safely and carefully inspect the tyres for
damage.
47
Tread Wear
Replace tyres before tread depth at the
center of the tyre reaches the following
limit: y
Minimum tread depth
Front: 1.5 mm (0.06 in)
Rear: 2.0 mm (0.08 in) |
2
(For Germany > a]
German law prohibits use of tyres whose (2)
tread depth is less than 1.6 mm. |
(1) С
A
(1) Wear indicator
(2) Wear indicator location mark
Tyre Repair
If a tyre is punctured or damaged, you
should replace it, not repair it. As discussed
below, a tyre that is repaired, either
temporarily or permanently, will have lower
speed and performance limits than a new
tyre.
A temporary repair, such as an external
tubeless tyre plug, may not be safe for
normal speeds and riding conditions. If a
temporary or emergency repair is made to a
tyre, you should ride slowly and cautiously
to a dealer and have the tyre replaced. If
possible, you should not carry a passenger
or cargo until a new tyre is installed.
Even if a tyre is professionally repaired with
a permanent internal patch plug, it will not
be as good as a new tyre. You should not
exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) for the first 24
hours, or 130 km/h (80 mph) at any time
thereafter. In addition, you may not be able
to safely carry as much weight as with a
new tyre. Therefore, we strongly
recommend that you replace a damaged
tyre. If you choose to have a tyre repaired,
be sure the wheel is balanced before you
ride.
Tyre Replacement
The tyres that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability and comfort.
EY.
Installing improper tyres on your
motorcycle can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of tyres
recommended in this owner's manual.
50
The recommended tyres for your
motorcycle are:
Front: 120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
DUNLOP
Qualifier PTG
BRIDGESTONE
BTO15F RADIAL E
180/55ZR17M/C (73W)
DUNLOP
Qualifier PTG
BRIDGESTONE
BTO15R RADIAL E
Rear:
Type: radial-ply, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tyre, use one that
is equivalent to the original and be sure the
wheel is balanced after the new tyre is
installed.
Important Safety Reminders
e Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tyre
on this motorcycle. Excessive heat build-
up can cause the tube to burst.
e Use only tubeless tyres on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tyres, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tyre
could slip on the rim and cause the tyre to
rapidly deflate.
51
ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is below the
indicator panel.
The headlight, position light, taillights
and license light will come on whenever
you turn the ignition switch ON. If your
motorcycle is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine is not running,
the headlight, position light, taillights and
license light will still be on, resulting in
battery discharge.
52
KEYS
This motorcycle has two keys and a key
number plate.
<Except MX, IIMX type > (MX, [IMX type>
ENS O
О
(2)
(1) (1)
(1) Keys (2) Key number plate
53
You will need the key number if you ever
have to replace a key. Store the plate in a
safe place.
To reproduce keys, bring all keys, key
number plate and motorcycle to your Honda
dealer.
(Except MX, [IMX type>
Up to four keys can be registered with the
immobilizer system (HISS), including the
ones in hand.
54
(Except MX, [IMX type >
If all keys are lost, the PGM-FI unit/ignition
control module must be replaced. To avoid
this possibility we recommend that if only
one key is left, you immediately have it
reproduced to ensure that a back-up is
available.
These keys contain electronic circuits that
are activated by the immobilizer system
(HISS). They will not work to start the
engine if the circuits are damaged.
e Do not drop the keys or set heavy objects
on them.
e Do not grind, drill or in any way alter the
original shape of the keys.
Keep the keys away from magnetic
objects.
IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM (HISS)
Except MX, IIMX type >
HISS is the abbreviation of Honda Ignition
Security System.
The immobilizer system (HISS) protects
your motorcycle from theft. A properly-
coded key must be used in the ignition
switch for the engine to start. If an
improperly-coded key (or other device) is
used the engine's starting circuit is disabled.
When the ignition switch is turned ON and
the engine stop switch is at “ © ” (RUN),
the immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
lights for a few seconds, then goes off. If
the indicator remains on, it means the
system does not recognize the coding of the
key. Turn the ignition switch to OFF,
remove the key, reinsert and turn the
switch ON again.
The immobilizer system has such a function
that keeps the immobilizer system (HISS)
indicator blinking at 2 second intervals for
24 hours. This blinking function can be
turned on or off.
56
To alter the blinking function:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Push and hold the SEL button (1) for
more than 2 seconds.
The immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
(2) instantly flash, the function is
enabled.
3. Turn the ignition switch OFF and remove
the key.
8
7 x1090y min
8 fiiss — (9)
5
1)
(1) SEL button
(2) Immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
If the system repeatedly does not recognize
the coding of your key, contact your Honda
dealer.
e The system may not recognize the key's
coding if any other immobilizer key is
near the ignition switch. To make sure
the system recognizes the key code, keep
each immobilizer key on a separate ring.
e Do not attempt to alter the immobilizer
system (HISS) or add other devices to it.
Electrical problems could result, making
it impossible to start your motorcycle.
o If all keys are lost, the PGM-FI unit/
ignition control module must be replaced.
EC Directives
This immobilizer system complies with the
R & TTE (Radio equipment and telecommu-
nications terminal equipment and the
mutual recognition of their conformity)
Directive.
Ce
The declaration of conformity to R & TTE
Directive is provided to the owner at the
time of purchase. The declaration of
conformity should be kept at a safe place.
When the declaration of conformity is lost
or is not provided, contact your Honda
dealer.
57
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
Engine Stop Switch
The engine stop switch (1) is next to the
throttle grip. When the switch is in the
() (RUN) position, the engine will operate.
When the switch is in the 5% (OFF)
position, the engine will not operate. This
switch is intended primarily as a safety or
emergency switch and should normally
remain in the () (RUN) position.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch II (OFF), the headlight, position
light, taillights and license light will still be
on, resulting in battery discharge.
Start Button
The start button (2) is below the engine
stop switch.
The start button is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 75 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine, the headlight
will automatically go out, but the position
light, taillights and license light will stay on.
(1) Engine stop switch
(2) Start button
LEFT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
- Headlight Dimmer Switch (1)
(Except MX, [IMX type>
Move the headlight dimmer switch to
=D (HI) to select high beam or to
ZD (LO) to select low beam.
(MX, IIMX type>
Push the headlight dimmer switch to
=D (HD) to select high beam or to
ED (LO) to select low beam.
Passing Light Control Switch (2)
(Except MX, IMX type >
When this switch is pressed, the headlight
flashes on to signal approaching cars or
when passing.
Turn Signal Switch (3)
Move to < to signal a left turn, ©» to
signal a right turn. Press to turn signal off.
Horn Button (4)
Press the button to sound the horn.
(Except MX, IIMX type »
(1) Headlight dimmer switch
(2) Passing light control switch
(3) Turn signal switch
(4) Horn button
59
Hazard Switch (5)
(Except MX, IIMX type >
The Hazard should be used only when your
motorcycle is stopped under emergency or
hazardous conditions. To turn it on, turn the
ignition key to the ON position, and then
push the switch marked À . The front and
rear turn signals will blink simultaneously.
All of the signals can blink without the
ignition key.
To operate this function, proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition key to ON position and
then push the hazard switch to the
À marked position.
2. All of the turn signals will keep blinking
even after you turn the ignition key to
OFF position.
3. You can turn off the turn blinking signals
by pushing the hazard switch back to the
off position.
If the switch is off position for more than
60
two seconds, and then moved back to the
/A position again, the turn signals will
not be on.
Be sure to turn the switch off when the
hazard warning is no longer required, or the
turn signals will not work properly, and may
confuse other drivers.
If all the turn signals are left blinking with
the engine stopped, the battery will be
discharged.
<Except MX, IIMX type >
(5) Hazard switch
HESD (Honda Electronic Steering
Damper)
This motorcycle is equipped with the
electronically-controlled steering damper.
The HESD (1) automatically controls the
steering damper characteristics in
accordance with the vehicle speed and the
acceleration.
The HESD indicator (2) lights when there
is any abnormality in the HESD. The HESD
indicator should also go on for a few
seconds and then go off when the ignition
switch is turned ON and engine stop switch
isat () (RUN).
If the HESD indicator lights at any time,
reduce speed and take the motorcycle to
your Honda dealer as soon as possible.
(2) (1)
CDs Ca:
op Var |
Ea O ASA
A 075 RS
(1) HESD
(2) HESD indicator
61
FEATURES
(Not required for operation)
STEERING LOCK
To lock the steering, turn the handlebar all
the way to the left, turn the ignition key (1)
to LOCK while pushing in. Remove the key.
To unlock the steering, turn the key to OFF
while pushing in.
Do not turn the key to LOCK while riding
the motorcycle; loss of vehicle control will
result.
To lock
(A) tur (B)
=
© ей (А)
Z/
To unlock
(1) Ignition key (A) Push in
(B) Turn to LOCK
(C) Turn to OFF
SEAT
Front seat
To remove the front seat (1), pull up the
seat end and remove the mounting bolts (2),
and then pull the seat back and up.
To install the front seat, insert the tab (3)
into the recess under the frame and tighten
the mounting bolts securely.
3)
3 (2)
(9)
й >
\ ©)
TN
(1)
(1) Front seat (3) Tab
(2) Mounting bolts
Rear seat
To remove the rear seat (1), insert the
ignition key (2) into the seat lock (3). Turn
it clockwise, then pull the rear seat up and
back.
To install the seat, insert the prongs (4)
into the seat hook (5) and the guide hooks
(6), and then push down on the front of the
seat. |
Be sure the seat is locked securely in
position after installation.
(4) (1)
(3)
(2)
(6)
(1) Rear seat (4) Prongs
(2) Ignition key (5) Seat hook
(3) Seat lock (6) Guide hooks
HELMET HOLDER
The helmet holder is located below the rear
seat.
Remove the rear seat (page 64 ). Route the
helmet wire (1) through the helmet D-ring
(2) and hook the loops of the helmet wire
onto the helmet holder (3).
Install the rear seat and lock it securely.
The helmet wire is furnished in the tool kit
(page 89).
A WARNING
Riding with a helmet attached to the
holder can interfere with the rear wheel
or suspension and could cause a
A 6 ZZ
EN >
CS
IS
<<
crash in which you can be seriously (1) Helmet wire (3) Helmet holder
hurt or killed. (2) Helmet D-ring
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
DOCUMENT BAG
The document bag (1) is in the document
compartment (2) under the rear seat (page
64
This owners manual and other documents
should be stored in the document bag.
When washing your motorcycle, be careful
not to flood this area with water.
(1) Document bag
(2) Document compartment
(1)
STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR U-
SHAPED ANTI-THEFT LOCK
There is a storage compartment to store a
U-shaped anti-theft lock under the rear seat
(page 64 ).
Some U-shaped locks may not be stored in
the compartment due to their size or design.
67
LOWER COWL
The lower cowl must be removed to access
the reserve tank and to replace the oil filter.
Removal:
1. Remove the bolts A (1), bolts B (2) and
bolt C (3).
2. Remove the lower cowl (4), then pull out
the tubes (5).
Installation:
e Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
e Through the tubes properly in position.
| A OU EM
Fa 1 7 7
as AN ay
(2)
(1)
(1) Bolts A
(2) Bolts B
(3) Bolt C
(4) Lower cowl
(5) Tubes
MIDDLE COWL
The middle cowl must be removed to
service the spark plugs.
The right and left middle cowls can be
removed in the same manner.
Removal:
1. Remove the bolts (1).
2. Remove the clip A (2) and clips B (3).
3. Remove the middle cowl (4) and
disconnect the front turn signal connector
(5).
e Be careful not to apply weight to the
middle cowl.
e Carefully release the each tabs.
Installation:
e Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(2) (5) (1)
(1) Bolts
(2) Clip A
(3) Clips B
(4) Middle cowl
(5) Front turn signal connector
HEADLIGHT AIM VERTICAL
ADJUSTMENT
Vertical adjustment can be made by turning
the screw (low beam) (1) and screw (high
beam) (2) in or out as necessary.
Obey local laws and regulations.
70
(2)
(1) Screw (low beam)
(2) Screw (high beam)
(A) Up
(B) Down
OPERATION
PRE-RIDE INSPECTION
For your safety, it is very important to take
a few moments before each ride to walk
around your motorcycle and check its
condition. If you detect any problem, be
sure you take care of it, or have it corrected
by your Honda dealer.
AWARNING
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
riding can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride inspection
before every ride and correct any
problems.
1. Engine oil level—add engine oil if
required (page 45). Check for leaks.
2. Fuel level —fill fuel tank when necessary
(page 42). Check for leaks.
3. Coolant level—add coolant if required.
Check for leaks (pages 40 — 41).
4. Front and rear brakes—check operation;
make sure there is no brake fluid leakage
(pages 35 — 37 ).
71
5. Tyres—check condition and pressure
(pages 46 — 51).
6. Drive chain — check condition and slack
(pages 106 — 107 ). Adjust and lubricate
if necessary.
7. Throttle — check for smooth opening and
full closing in all steering positions (page
104).
8. Lights and horn—check that headlight,
brake/taillights, position light, license
light, turn signals, indicators and horn
function properly.
9. Engine stop switch—check for proper
function (page 58 ).
10. Side stand ignition cut-off system — check
for proper function (page 114 ).
72
STARTING THE ENGINE
Always follow the proper starting procedure
described below.
This motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. The engine
cannot be started if the side stand is down,
unless the transmission is in neutral. If the
side stand is up, the engine can be started in
neutral or in gear with the clutch lever
pulled in. After starting with the side stand
down, the engine will shut off if the
transmission is put in gear before raising
the side stand.
To protect the catalytic converter in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extending idling and the use of leaded
petrol.
Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas. High
levels of carbon monoxide can collect
rapidly in enclosed areas such as a garage.
Do not run the engine with the garage door
closed. Even with the door open, run the
engine only long enough to move your
motorcycle out of the garage.
Do not use the electric starter for more than
5 seconds at a time. Release the start button
for approximately 10 seconds before
pressing it again.
73
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON and confirm the
following:
e The transmission is in neutral
(neutral indicator light ON).
e The engine stop switchis at () (RUN).
e The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
e The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL) is OFF.
e ón high coolant temperature indicator is
e The HESD indicator is OFF.
e The immobilizer system (HISS) indicator
is OFF. (except MX, IIMX type)
The low oil pressure indicator should go off
a few seconds after the engine starts. If the
low oil pressure indicator lights during
operation, stop the engine immediately and
check the engine oil level.
74
NOTICE
Operating the engine with insufficient oil
pressure can cause serious engine damage.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic choke. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature:
1. With the throttle completely closed, press
the start button.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
Even if the engine coolant stays below the
specified temperature, the cooling fan
sometimes starts up running when you rev
up the engine, but this is normal.
75
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded.
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
() (RUN).
2. Open throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
If the engine starts with unstable idle,
open the throttle slightly.
If the engine does not start, wait for 10
seconds, then follow steps 1 —4 again.
76
Ignition Cut Off
Your motorcycle is designed to
automatically stop the engine and fuel pump
if the motorcycle is overturned (a banking
sensor cuts off the ignition system). Before
restarting the engine, you must turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position and then
back to ON.
RUNNING-IN
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying extra
attention to how you ride during the first
500 km (300 miles).
During this period, avoid full-throttle starts
and rapid acceleration.
77
RIDING
Review Motorcycle Safety (pages 1 — 8)
before you ride.
Make sure you understand the function of
the side stand mechanism. (See MAIN-
TENANCE SCHEDULE on page 88 and
explanation for SIDE STAND on page 114).
Make sure flammable materials such as dry
grass or leaves do not come in contact with
the exhaust system when riding, idling, or
parking your motorcycle.
1. After the engine has been warmed up,
the motorcycle is ready for riding.
2. While the engine is idling, pull in the
clutch lever and depress the shift lever to
shift into 1st (low) gear.
78
3. Slowly release the clutch lever and at the
same time gradually increase engine
speed by opening the throttle.
Coordination of the throttle and clutch
lever will assure a smooth positive start.
4. When the motorcycle attains a moderate
speed, close the throttle, pull in the clutch
lever and shift to 2nd gear by raising the
shift lever.
This sequence is repeated to
progressively shift to 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th
(top) gear.
5. Coordinate the throttle and brakes for
smooth deceleration.
6. Both front and rear brakes should be
used at the same time and should not be
applied strongly enough to lock the wheel,
or braking effectiveness will be reduced
and control of the motorcycle be difficult.
79
BRAKING
For normal braking, apply both the brake
pedal and lever while down-shifting to
match your road speed. For maximum
braking, close the throttle and firmly apply
the pedal and lever; pull in the clutch lever
before coming to a complete stop to prevent
stalling the engine.
Important Safety Reminders:
e Independent operation of only the brake
lever or brake pedal reduces stopping
performance.
e Extreme application of the brake controls
may cause wheel lock, reducing control of
the motorcycle.
* When possible, reduce speed or brake
before entering a turn; closing the
throttle or braking in mid-turn may cause
wheel slip. Wheel slip will reduce control
of the motorcycle.
80
* When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
e When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by down-
shifting, with intermittent use of both
brakes.
Continuous brake application can
overheat the brakes and reduce their
effectiveness.
e Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a
false indication to other drivers. It may
also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
PARKING
1. After stopping the motorcycle, shift the
transmission into neutral, turn the
handlebar fully to the left, turn the
ignition switch OFF and remove the key.
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
Park the motorcycle on firm, level ground to
prevent it from falling over.
If you must park on a slight incline, aim the
front of the motorcycle uphill to reduce the
possibility of rolling off the side stand or
overturning.
3. Lock the steering to help prevent theft
(page 62 ).
Make sure flammable materials such as dry
grass or leaves do not come in contact with
the exhaust system when parking your
motorcycle.
To avoid possible heat damage to your
motorcycle or personal belongings, do not
cover the exhaust muffler with a protective
cover or any clothing within 20 minutes
after shutting off the engine.
81
ANTI-THEFT TIPS
1. Always lock the steering and never leave
the key in the ignition switch. This
sounds simple but people do forget.
2. Be sure the registration information for
your motorcycle is accurate and current.
3. Park your motorcycle in a locked garage
whenever possible.
4. Use an additional anti-theft device of
good quality.
5. Put your name, address, and phone
number in this Owners Manual and keep
it on your motorcycles at all times.
Many times stolen motorcycles are
identified by information in the Owner's
Manuals that are still with them.
NAME:
ADDRESS:
PHONE NO:
82
MAINTENANCE
THE IMPORTANCE OF
MAINTENANCE
A well-maintained motorcycle is essential
for safe, economical and trouble-free riding.
It will also help reduce air pollution.
To help you properly care for your
motorcycle, the following pages include a
Maintenance Schedule and a Maintenance
Record for regularly scheduled
maintenance.
These instructions are based on the
assumption that the motorcycle will be used
exclusively for its designed purpose.
Sustained high speed operation or operation
in unusually wet or dusty conditions will
require more frequent service than
specified in the Maintenance Schedule.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
If your motorcycle overturns or becomes
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some repairs.
A WARNING
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
you ride can cause a crash in which
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owners manual.
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
This section includes instructions on some
important maintenance tasks. You can
perform some of these tasks with the tools
provided — if you have basic mechanical
skills.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic;
instructions are included in this manual only
to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to property follow maintenance
instructions and precautions can
cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owners manual.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
e Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
« Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust.
Be sure there is adequate ventilation
whenever you operate the engine.
+ Burns from hot parts.
Let the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
* Injury from moving parts.
Do not run the engine unless instructed
to do so. |
e Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
e To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
e To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around, petrol or batteries. Use only
nonflammable solvent, not petrol, to clean
parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks and flames
away from the battery and all fuel-related
parts.
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it.
To ensure the best quality and reliability,
use only new Honda Genuine Parts or their
equivalents for repair and replacement.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Perform the Pre-ride Inspection (page 71 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.
I: INSPECT AND CLEAN, ADJUST, LUBRICATE OR REPLACE IF NECESSARY
C: CLEAN R:REPLACE A:ADJUST L:LUBRICATE
The following items require some mechanical knowledge. Certain items (particularly those marked * and * %* ) may
require more technical information and tools. Consult your Honda dealer.
* Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless the owner has proper tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to the Official Honda Shop Manual.
** In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Honda recommends that your Honda dealer should road test your motorcycle after each periodic maintenance is
carried out.
NOTES: (1) At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.
(2) Service more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
(3) Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires
mechanical skill.
86
ODOMETER READING [NOTE (1)]
TO
EVERY 24,000 km (16,000 mi) I,
87
ODOMETER READING [ NOTE (1) ]
TO
TOOL KIT
The tool kit (1) is under the rear seat (page
64).
Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments
and parts replacement can be performed
with the tools contained in the kit.
e Pin spanner
e 8 x 12 mm Open end wrench
e 10 X 14 mm Open end wrench
e Pliers
e Standard/ Phillips screwdriver
e Screwdriver handle
e Extension bar
e 5 mm Hex wrench
e 32 mm Box end wrench
e 0.7 mm Feeler gauge
e 19 mm Box end wrench
e Helmet holder wire
e Tool bag
(1) Tool kit
SERIAL NUMBERS
The frame and engine serial numbers are
required when registering your motorcycle.
They may also be required by your dealer
when ordering replacement parts.
Record the numbers here for your
reference.
FRAME NO.
(1)
(1) Frame number
90
The frame number (1) is stamped on the
right side of the steering head.
The engine number (2) is stamped on top
of the crankcase.
ENGINE NO.
(2) Engine number
COLOUR LABEL
(Except BR type>
The colour label (1) is attached to the rear
fender below the rear seat (see page 64 ).
It is helpful when ordering replacement
parts. Record the colour and code here for
your reference.
COLOUR
CODE
(1) Colour label
91
ENGINE OIL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
Oil Recommendation
API
SG or higher except
classification | oils labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API service
label
Viscosity SAE 10W-30
JASO T 903 | MA
standard
Suggested Oil
Honda “4- STROKE MOTORCYCLE
OIL” or equivalent.
92
Your motorcycle does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may adversely
affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying
a circular API “energy conserving” service
label on the container. They may affect
lubrication and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
Viscosity:
Viscosity grade of engine oil should be
based on average atmospheric temperature
in your riding area. The following provides a
guide to the selection of the proper grade or
viscosity of oil to be used at various
atmospheric temperatures.
-30 -20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50°C
| I |
L —
20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120°F
JASO T 903 standard
standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on
the oil container. For example, the following
label shows the MA classification.
PRODUCT MEETING JASO T 903
COMPANY GUARANTEEING THIS MA PERFORMANCE:
(1) Code number of the sales company of the oil
(2) Oil classification
93
Engine Oil and Filter
Engine oil quality is the chief factor
affecting engine service life. Change the
engine oil as specified in the maintenance
schedule (page 87).
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Please dispose of used engine oil in a
manner that is compatible with the
environment. We suggest you take it in a
sealed container to your local recycling
center or service station for reclamation. Do
not throw it in the trash or pour it on the
ground or down a drain.
Used engine oil may cause skin cancer if
repeatedly left in contact with the skin for
prolonged periods. Although this is unlikely
unless you handle used oil on a daily basis,
it is still advisable to thoroughly wash your
hands with soap and water as soon as possi-
ble after handling used oil.
94
Changing the oil filter requires a special oil
filter tool and a torque wrench. If you do not
have these tools and the necessary skill, we
recommend that you have your Honda
dealer perform this service.
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Change the engine oil with the engine at
normal operating temperature and the
motorcycle on its side stand to assure
complete and rapid draining.
1. Remove the lower cowl (page 68 ).
2. Place a drain pan under the crankcase.
3. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap,
oil drain bolt (1) and sealing washer (2).
(1) Oil drain bolt (2) Sealing washer
4. Remove the oil filter (3) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain out.
Discard the oil filter.
96
(3)
CO A
NI
Pe
D) a
y If
SN / ONES YA
TS
(3) Oil filter
5. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the new
oil filter rubber seal (4).
6. Using a special tool and a torque wrench,
install the new oil filter and tighten to a
torque of:
26 N-m (2.7 kgf-m , 19 Ibf-ft)
Use only the Honda genuine oil filter or a
filter of equivalent quality specified for your
model. Using the wrong Honda filter or a
non-Honda filter which is not of equivalent
quality may cause engine damage.
(4) Oil filter rubber seal
7. Check that the sealing washer on the
drain bolt is in good condition and install
the bolt. Replace the sealing washer
every other time the oil is changed, or
each time if necessary.
Oil drain bolt torque:
30 N-m (3.1 kgf-m , 22 Ibf-ft)
8. Fill the crankcase with the recommended
grade oil; approximately:
2.8 0 (3.0 US gt , 2.5 Imp qt)
9. Install the oil filler cap.
10. Start the engine and let it idle for 3—5
- Minutes.
11. 2—3 minutes after stopping the engine,
check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark in the inspection window with
the motorcycle upright on firm, level
ground. Make sure there are no oil leaks.
12. Install the lower cowl (page 68 ).
97
SPARK PLUGS
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
Recommended plugs:
Standard:
IMR9C-9HES (NGK) or
VUH27D (DENSO)
Never use a spark plug with an improper
heat range. Severe engine damage could
result.
This motorcycle uses the spark plugs that
have an iridium coated center electrode. Be
sure to observe the following when
servicing the spark plugs.
* Do not clean the spark plug. If the
electrode is contaminated with
accumulated objects or dirt, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
e To check the spark plug gap, use only a
“wiretype feeler gauge.” To prevent
damaging the iridium coating of the
center electrode, never use a “leaf-type
feeler gauge.”
® Do not adjust the spark plug gap. If the
gap is out of specification, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
To inspect or replace the spark plugs, use
an appropriate spark plug wrench or see
your Honda dealer.
1. Remove the middle cowls (page 69 ).
2. (ect the radiator fan connector
1).
3. Release the wire harness clip (2) from
the radiator heat guard (3).
4. Remove the radiator lower mount nut (4)
and radiator lower mount bolt (5).
5. Remove the radiator upper mount bolt
(6).
(5)
(1) Radiator fan connector
(2) Wire harness clip
(3) Radiator heat guard
(4) Radiator lower mount nut
(5) Radiator lower mount bolt
(6) Radiator upper mount bolt
6. Remove the water pipe guard (7) by 7. Move the radiator (9) out of the way and
removing the bolt (8). eye the grommet (10) from the hook
8. Pull the radiator toward the front.
(7) (11)
(9)
(8) (10)
(7) Water pipe guard (9) Radiator (11) Hook
(8) Bolt (10) Grommet
100
9. Disconnect the ignition coil connectors 11. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug
(12). bases.
10. Disconnect the ignition coils (13) from Remove the spark plugs using a spark
the spark plugs. plug wrench (4).
(12) Ignition coil connectors (14) Spark plug wrench
(13) Ignition coils
101
12. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, erosion or carbon
fouling. If the erosion or deposit is heavy,
replace the plug.
13. Make sure that the 1.0 mm wire-type
feeler gauge does not insert between the
spark plug gap (15). If the gauge is
inserted into the gap, replace the plug
with a new one.
|
(15)
(15) Spark plug gap
102
14. Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
15. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
16. Tighten each spark plug:
e If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
e If installing a new plug, tighten it twice
to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a
piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight,
the threads may be damaged.
17. Reinstall the ignition coils.
18. Connect the ignition coil connectors to
the ignition coils as before removal.
19. Install the remaining parts in the reverse
order of removal.
103
THROTTLE OPERATION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
1. Check for smooth rotation of the throttle
grip from the fully open to the fully
closed position at both full steering
positions.
2. Measure the throttle grip freeplay at the
throttle grip flange.
The standard freeplay should be
approximately:
2-4 mm (0.1—0.2 in)
To adjust the freeplay, slide the throttle
cable boot (1), then loosen the lock nut (2)
and turn the adjuster (3).
After adjustment, tighten the lock nut and
return the throttle cable boot securely.
104
(1) Throttle cable boot
(2) Lock nut
(3) Adjuster
COOLANT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
Coolant Replacement
Coolant should be replaced by a Honda
dealer, unless the owner has proper tools
and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to an official Honda Shop
Manual.
Always add coolant to the reserve tank. Do
not attempt to add coolant by removing the
radiator cap.
AWARNING
Removing the radiator cap while the
engine is hot can cause the coolant to
spray out, seriously scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator cool
down before removing the radiator cap.
105
DRIVE CHAIN
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
The service life of the drive chain (1) is
dependent upon proper lubrication and
adjustment. Poor maintenance can cause
premature wear or damage to the drive
chain and sprockets.
The drive chain should be checked,
adjusted and lubricated as part of the Pre-
ride Inspection (page 71 ). Under severe
usage, or when the motorcycle is ridden in
unusually dusty or muddy areas, more
frequent maintenance will be necessary.
Inspection: |
1. Turn the engine off, place the motorcycle
on its side stand and shift the
transmission into neutral.
2. Check slack in the lower drive chain run
midway between the sprockets.
Drive chain slack should be adjusted to
allow the following vertical movement by
and:
30—40 mm (1.2— 1.6 in)
106
3. Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop. Check
the drive chain slack. Repeat this
procedure several times. Drive chain
slack should remain constant. If the chain
is slack only in certain sections, some
links are kinked and binding. Binding and
kinking can frequently be eliminated by
lubrication.
> exetexo o
(1) oH С
ESE NE
(1) Drive chain
4. Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop and Damaged sprocket Worn sprocket
place it on its side stand. Inspect the drive Teeth Teeth
chain and sprockets for any of the
following conditions: Replace Replace
DRIVE CHAIN
*Damaged Rollers
*Loose Pins
*Dry or Rusted Links
*Kinked or Binding Links
*Excessive Wear
*Improper Adjustment
*Damaged or Missing O-rings
SPROCKETS
*Excessively Worn Teeth
*Broken or Damaged Teeth Normal sprocket Teeth
A drive chain with damaged rollers, loose |
pins, or missing O-rings must be replaced. A GOOD
chain which appears dry, or shows signs of
rust, requires supplementary lubrication.
Kinked or binding links should be thor-
oughly lubricated and worked free. If links
cannot be freed, the chain must be replaced.
107
Adjustment:
Drive chain slack should be checked and
adjusted, if necessary, every 1,000 km (600
miles). When operated at sustained high
speeds or under conditions of frequent
rapid acceleration, the chain may require
more frequent adjustment.
(1) ® @
(9)
(1) Rear axle nut (4) Index marks
(2) Lock nuts (5) Scale graduations
(3) Adjusting bolts
108
If the drive chain requires adjustment, the
procedure is as follows:
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
with the transmission in neutral and the
ignition switch off.
2. Loosen the rear axle nut (1).
3. Loosen the lock nuts (2) on both
adjusting bolts (3).
2) ©)
4. Turn both adjusting bolts an equal
number of turns until the correct drive
chain slack is obtained. Turn the
adjusting bolts counterclockwise to
tighten the chain. Turn the adjusting
bolts clockwise and push the rear wheel
toward the front to provide more slack.
Adjust the chain slack at a point midway
between the drive sprocket and the
driven sprocket. Roll the motorcycle
forward. Stop and place it on its side
stand. Recheck chain slack.
Chain slack should be:
30 — 40 mm (1.2—1.6 in)
5. Align the chain adjuster index marks (4)
with the corresponding scale graduations
(5) on both sides of the swingarm.
Both left and right marks should
correspond. If the axle is misaligned, turn
the left or right adjusting bolt until the
marks correspond on the scale
graduation on the swingarm and recheck
chain slack.
6. Tighten the rear axle nut to the specified
torque. Rear axle nut torque:
113 N-m (11.5 kgf-m , 83 Ibf-ft)
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
7. Tighten the adjusting bolts lightly by
turning it counterclockwise, then tighten
the lock nuts by holding the adjusting
bolts with a spanner.
8. Recheck drive chain slack.
109
Wear Inspection:
Check the chain wear label when adjusting
the chain. If the red zone (1) on the label
aligns with the index mark (2) on the chain
adjuster plate after the chain has been
adjusted to the proper slack, the chain is
excessively worn and must be replaced. The
proper slack is:
30— 40 mm (1.2—1.6 in)
Damage to the bottom part of the frame
may be caused by excessive drive chain
slack of more than:
50 mm (2.0 in)
Replacement chain:
DID 525HV
or
RK 525R0Z6
This motorcycle has a staked master link
drive chain which requires a special tool for
cutting and staking. Do not use an ordinary
master link with this chain. See your Honda
ealer.
110
(1) Red zone
(1)
(2) Index mark
Lubrication and Cleaning:
Lubricate every 1,000 km (600 miles) or
sooner if chain appears dry.
The drive chain on this motorcycle is
equipped with small O-rings between the
link plates. These O-rings retain grease
inside the chain to improve its service life.
The O-rings in this chain can be damaged
by steam cleaning, high pressure washers,
and certain solvents. Clean the side surfaces
of the chain with a dry cloth. Do not brush
the rubber O-rings. Brushing will damage
them. Wipe dry and lubricate only with SAE
80 or 90 gear oil. Commercial chain lubri-
cants may contain solvents which could
damage the rubber O-rings.
111
DRIVE CHAIN SLIDER
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
Check the chain slider (1) for wear.
The chain slider must be replaced if it is
worn to the wear limit line (2). For
replacement, see your Honda dealer.
112
(1) Chain slider
(2) Wear limit line
FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSION
INSPECTION |
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
1. Check the fork assembly by locking the
front brake and pumping the fork up and
down vigorously. Suspension action
should be smooth and there must be no
oil leakage.
2. Swingarm bearings should be checked by
pushing hard against the side of the rear
wheel while the motorcycle is on a
support block. Freeplay indicates worn
bearings.
3. Carefully inspect all front and rear
suspension fasteners for tightness.
113
SIDE STAND
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
Perform the following maintenance in
accordance with the maintenance schedule.
Functional Check:
e Check the side stand spring (1) for
damage or loss of tension and the side
stand assembly for freedom of movement.
e Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle; put the side
stand up and the transmission in
neutral.
2. Start the engine and with the clutch
lever pulled in, shift the transmission
into gear.
3.Lower the side stand. The engine
should stop as you put the side stand
down.
If the side stand system does not operate as
described, see your Honda dealer for
service.
114
(1) Side stand spring
WHEEL REMOVAL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
This motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand only. Therefore, if front or rear wheel
removal is required, it will be necessary to
raise the center of the motorcycle with a
jack or other firm support. If none is
available, see your Honda dealer for this
service.
Front Wheel Removal
1. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the engine.
2. Remove the right and left caliper
assemblies (1) from the fork leg by
removing the fixing bolts (2).
To avoid damage to the brake hose, support
the caliper assembly so that it doesn't hang
from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
(1) Brake caliper assembly
(2) Fixing bolts
115
Do not depress the brake lever when the 3. Loosen the right and left axle pinch bolts
caliper assembly is removed. The caliper (3), and remove the front axle bolt (4).
pistons will be forced out of the cylinders 4. Remove the front axle shaft (5), front
with subsequent loss of brake fluid. If this wheel and side collars.
occurs, servicing of the brake system will be
necessary. See your Honda dealer for this
service.
(4) (3) (3) (5)
(3) Axle pinch bolts (5) Front axle shaft
(4) Front axle bolt
116
Front Wheel Installation
1. Install the side collars into the left and
right side wheel hub.
2. Position the front wheel between the fork
legs and insert the front axle shaft from
the left side, through the left fork leg and
wheel hub.
3. Align the end of front axle shaft (1) with
the surface of fork leg (2).
4. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
22 N:m (2.2 kgf-m , 16 Ibf-ft)
5. Tighten the front axle bolt to the
specified torque:
59 N-m (6.0 kgf-m , 44 Ibf-ft)
6. Make sure that the front fork spacers
( 3) are installed into the caliper bracket
properly.
7. Install the right and left caliper
assemblies to the fork legs and tighten
the fixing bolts to the specified torque:
45 N-m (4.6 kgf-m , 33 Ibf-ft)
To avoid damaging the brake pads while
installing the caliper assemblies, carefully
fit the brake discs (4) between the pads.
8. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free wheel
rotation after the brake is released.
Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or
the wheel does not rotate freely.
9
(1) End of front axle shaft
(2) Surface of fork leg
(3) Front fork spacers
117
If the clearances between each surface of
the brake disc and the brake caliper body
(5) (not the brake pads) are symmetrical,
follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull
the left fork outward or push inward to
adjust the clearance. Then follow the next
step.
9. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to specified torque:
22 N-m (2.2 kgf-m , 16 Ibf-ft)
10. Measure the clearance (6) between
each surface of the left brake disc and the
left brake caliper body (not the brake
pads) with a 0.7 mm (0.028 in) feeler
gauge ( 7 ) (see illustration).
If the torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capacity.
118
(9) (5)
6)
4
+ t
(4) Brake disc (6) Clearance
(5) Brake caliper body (7) Feeler gauge
Rear Wheel Removal
1. Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the engine.
2. Loosen the rear axle nut (1).
3. Loosen the lock nuts (2) and adjusting
bolts (3).
4. Remove the rear axle nut and washer.
5. Remove the drive chain (4) from the
driven sprocket by pushing the rear
wheel forward.
(1)
(1) Rear axle nut — (3) Adjusting bolts
(2) Lock nuts (7) Right chain adjust plate
6. Remove the rear axle shaft (5), rear
wheel, left chain adjust plate (6), right
chain adjust plate (7) and side collars
from the swingarm.
Do not depress the brake pedal while the
wheel is off the motorcycle. The caliper
piston will be forced out of the cylinder with
subsequent loss of brake fluid. If this occurs,
servicing of the brake system will be
necessary. See your Honda dealer for this
service.
(3)
(4) Drive chain
(5) Rear axle shaft
(6) Left chain adjust plate
119
Rear Wheel Installation
* To install the rear wheel, reverse the
removal procedure.
e Install the side collars into the left and
right side wheel hub.
e Make sure that the slot (1) on the
swingarm (2) is located in the lug ( 3 ) in
the brake caliper bracket ( 4 ).
e Tighten the rear axle nut to the specified
torque:
113 N-m (11.5 kgf-m , 83 [bf-ft)
e Adjust the drive chain (pages 108 — 109).
When installing the wheel, carefully fit the
brake disc between the brake pads to avoid
damaging the pads.
After installing the wheel, apply the brake
several times and then check if the wheel
rotates freely. Recheck the wheel if the
brake drags or if the wheel does not rotate
reely.
120
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capacity.
(4)
[1 7 | (3)
2
A E
X. AS = ©
а
(2)
(1) Slot (3) Lug
(2) Swingarm (4) Brake caliper bracket
BRAKE PAD WEAR
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. (Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads.)
Inspect the pads at each regular
maintenance interval (page 88).
Front Brake
Always inspect each pad in both right and
left brake calipers.
Check the wear indicator grooves (1) in
each pad.
If either pad is worn to the bottom of the
grooves, replace both pads as a set. See
your Honda dealer for this service.
(FRONT BRAKE >
Illustration shows left side,
right side similar.
(1) (1)
(1) Wear indicator grooves
121
Rear Brake (REAR BRAKE >
Check the cutout (1) in each pad.
If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
1)
(1) Cutouts
122
BATTERY
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85.
It is not necessary to check the battery
electrolyte level or add distilled water as the
battery is a maintenance-free (sealed) type.
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing hard starting or
other electrical troubles), contact your
Honda dealer.
Your battery is a maintenance-free type and
can be permanently damaged if the cap strip
is removed.
seriously hurt you.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal operation.
A spark or flame can cause the battery
to explode with enough force to kill or
Wear protective clothing and a face
shield, or have a skilled mechanic do
the battery maintenance.
123
The battery is located in the battery box
below the front seat.
Removal:
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the front seat (page 63 ).
3. Release the rings and remove the rubber
band (1).
4. Disconnect the negative (—) terminal
lead (2) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal lead
(3).
5. pull out the battery (4) from the battery
ох.
Installation:
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (—)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
124
(2) (1) (3)
NS
Cm] à ко |)
)
(4)
(1) Rubber band
(2) Negative (—) terminal lead
(3) Positive (+) terminal lead
(4) Battery
FUSE REPLACEMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
When frequent fuse failure occurs, it
usually indicates a short circuit or an
overload in the electrical system. See your
Honda dealer for repair.
Never use a fuse with a different rating
from that specified. Serious damage to the
electrical system or a fire may result,
causing a dangerous loss of lights or engine
power.
Blown fuse
HHI
All
E
125
Fuse Box:
The Tuse box (1) is located under the front
seat.
The specified fuses are:
10 A, 20 A
1. Remove the front seat (page 63 ).
2. Release the tabs (2), then remove the
fuse box cover (3).
3. Pull out the old fuse and install a new fuse.
The spare fuses (4) are located in the
fuse box.
4. Install the fuse box cover and install the
front seat.
126
4)
(1)
(1) Fuse box (3) Fuse box cover
(2) Tabs (4) Spare fuses
Main Fuse:
The main fuse (1) is located under the
front seat.
The specified fuse is:
30A
1. Remove the front seat (page 63 ).
2. Disconnect the wire connector (2) of the
starter magnetic switch (3).
3. Pull out the old fuse and install a new fuse.
The spare main fuse (4) is located
behind the starter magnetic switch.
4. Reconnect the connector and install the
front seat.
(1) Main fuse
(2) Wire connector
(3) Starter magnetic switch
(4) Spare main fuse
127
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH ADJUSTMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
Check the operation of the brakelight
switch (1) at the right side behind the
engine from time to time.
Adjustment is done by turning the adjusting
nut (2). Turn the nut in the direction (A) if
the switch operates too late and in direction
(B) if the switch operates too soon.
(1) Brakelight switch
(2) Adjusting nut
128
BULB REPLACEMENT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 85 .
The light bulb becomes very hot while the
light is ON, and remains hot for a while
after it is turned OFF. Be sure to let it cool
down before servicing.
Do not put finger prints on the headlight
bulb, as they may create hot spots on the
bulb and cause it to break.
Wear clean gloves while replacing the bulb.
If you touch the bulb with your bare hands,
clean it with a cloth moistened with alcohol
to prevent its early failure.
e Be sure to turn the ignition switch OFF
when replacing the bulb.
e Do not use bulbs other than those
specified.
e After installing a new bulb, check that the
light operates properly.
129
Headlight Bulb
1. Remove the socket cover (1) by turning
it counterclockwise.
2. Pull off the socket (2) without turning.
3. Remove the bulb (3) while pressing
down on the pin (4). |
4. Pull out the bulb without turning.
5. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
removal.
o Install the socket cover by turning it
clockwise. |
Make sure that the arrow marks (5) on
the socket cover and headlight housing
is aligned.
130
(5)
(1) Socket cover (4) Pin
(2) Socket (5) Arrow marks
(3) Bulb
Position Light
Position light use some LED.
If there is a LED which is not turned on, see
your Honda dealer for this service.
(1)
(1) Position light
131
Brake/Tail Light
Brake and taillight use some LED.
If there is a LED which is not turned on, see
your Honda dealer for this service.
132
== x <=>)
LD
GES
(1) Brake/Tail light
Front/Rear Turn Signal Bulb 3. Install a new bulb in the reverse order of
1. Remove the turn signal lens (1) and the removal.
lens packing (2) by removing the screw (Except MX, [IMX type>
3). e Use only the amber bulb.
2. Slightly press the bulb (4) and turn it
counterclockwise. (MX, IIMX type »
<Except MX, IIMX type >
(2) (1) (4)
(1) a
(1) Turn signal lens (3) Screw
(2) Lens packing (4) Bulb
133
License Light
License light use some LED,
If there is a LED which is not turned on,
see your Honda dealer for this service.
134
a
a “ LD 2
a
(1)
(1) License light
CLEANING
Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect
the surface finishes and inspect for damage,
wear, and oil, coolant or brake fluid leakage.
Avoid cleaning products that are not
specifically designed for motorcycle or
automobile surfaces.
They may contain harsh detergents or
chemical solvents that could damage the
metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
We recommend avoiding the use of high
pressure water spray (typical in coin-
operated car washes).
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of the motorcycle.
Do not apply the pressured water directly to
the air intake (1). The water can be drawn
into the throttle body and/or enter the air
cleaner. |
(1)
(1) Air intake
135
Washing the motorcycle
1. Rinse the motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Clean the motorcycle with a sponge or
soft cloth using cool water.
Avoid directing water to muffler outlets
and electrical parts.
3. Clean the plastic parts using a cloth or
sponge dampened with a solution of mild
detergent and water. Rub the soiled area
gently rinsing it frequently with fresh
water.
Take care to keep brake fluid or chemical
solvents off the motorcycle.
They will damage the plastic and painted
surfaces.
136
4. After cleaning, rinse the motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water.
Strong detergent residue can corrode
alloy parts.
5. Dry the motorcycle, start the engine, and
let it run for several minutes.
6.Test the brakes before riding the
motorcycle. Several applications may be
necessary to restore normal braking
performance.
7. Lubricate the drive chain immediately
after washing and drying the motorcycle.
Braking efficiency may be temporarily
impaired immediately after washing the
motorcycle.
Anticipate longer stopping distance to avoid
a possible accident.
Finishing Touches Removing Road Salt
After washing your motorcycle, consider The salt contained in the road surface
using a commercially-available spray freezing prevention medicine which a
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax — road was sprayed with in winter, and the
to finish the job. Use only a non-abrasive seawater becomes the cause which rust
polish or wax made specifically for occursin. a
motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the Wash your motorcycle by the following
polish or wax according to the instructions point after it runs through such a place.
on the container.
1. Clean the motorcycle using cool water
(page 136 ).
Do not use warm water.
This worsens the effect of the salt.
2. Dry the motorcycle and the surface of
the metal is protected with the wax.
137
Painted Aluminum Wheel Maintenance
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or
cleaners containing abrasives or chemical
compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
138
Clean the Mat Painted Surface
Using plenty of water, clean the mat painted
surface with a soft cloth or sponge. Dry
with a soft, clean cloth.
Use neutral detergent to clean mat painted
surface.
Do not use waxes containing compounds.
Exhaust Pipe And Muffler Maintenance
The exhaust pipe and muffler is stainless
steel but may become stained by mud or
ust.
To remove mud or dust, use a wet sponge
and a liquid kitchen abrasive, then rinse
well with clean water. Dry with chamois or a
soft towel.
If necessary, remove heat stains by using a
commercially available finé texture
compound. Then rinse by the same manner
as removing mud or dust.
139
STORAGE GUIDE
Extended storage, such as for winter,
requires that you take certain steps to
reduce the effects of deterioration from
non-use of the motorcycle. In addition,
necessary repairs should be made BEFORE
storing the motorcycle; otherwise, these
repairs may be forgotten by the time the
motorcycle is removed from storage.
STORAGE
1. Change the engine oil and filter.
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50 % antifreeze solution.
3. Empty the fuel tank into an approved
petrol container using a commercially
available hand siphon or an equivalent
method. Spray the inside of the tank with
an aerosol rust-inhibiting oil.
Reinstall the fuel fill cap on the tank.
140
LUN
etrol is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be bumed or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
e Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
e Refuel only outdoors.
e Wipe up spills immediately.
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
e Remove the ignition coil connectors
and ignition coils from the spark plugs.
Using tape or string, secure the
connectors to any convenient plastic
body part so that they are positioned
away from the spark plugs.
* Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the ignition coils to the
ignition coil connectors.
® Pour a tablespoon (15—20 ст”) ой
clean engine oil into each cylinder and
cover the spark plug holes with a piece
of cloth.
e Crank the engine several times to
distribute the oil.
e Reinstall the spark plugs, ignition coils
and ignition coil connectors.
5. Remove the battery. Store in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
Slow charge the battery once a month.
6. Wash and dry the motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces. Coat chrome with
rustinhibiting oil. |
7. Lubricate the drive chain (page 111).
8. Inflate the tyres to their recommended
pressures. Place the motorcycle on blocks
to raise both tyres off the ground.
9. Cover the motorcycle (don't use plastic or
other coated materials) and store in an
unheated area, free of dampness with a
minimum of daily temperature variation.
Do not store the motorcycle in direct
sunlight.
141
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
1. Uncover and clean the motorcycle.
2. Change the engine oil if more than 4
months have passed since the start of
storage.
3. Charge the battery as required. Install the
battery.
4. Drain any excess aerosol rust-inhibiting
oil from the fuel tank. Fill the fuel tank
with fresh petrol.
5. Perform all Pre-ride Inspection checks
(page 71 ).
Test ride the motorcycle at low speeds in
a safe riding area away from traffic.
142
SPECIFICATIONS
DIMENSIONS
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Wheelbase
CAPACITIES
Engine oil After draining
After draining and
oil filter change
After disassembly
Fuel tank
Cooling system capacity
Passenger capacity
Maximum weight capacity
2,010 mm (79.1 in) …
2,015 mm (79.3 in) …
685 mm (27.0 in)
1,105 mm (43.5 in)
1,375 mm (54.1 in) …
1,370 mm (53.9 in) …
Except U, IU type
U, IIU type
Except MX, lIMX type
MX, IMX type
2.72 (2.9US at, 2.4 Imp qt)
2.8 0 (3.0 US gt , 2.5 Imp qt)
3.5 2 (3.7 US gt , 3.1 Imp qt)
18.0 £ (4.76 US gal , 3.96 Imp gal)
3.15 2 (3.33 US gt , 2.77 Imp qt)
Operator and one passenger
180 kg (397 Ibs) ... Except MX, IIMX type
166 kg (366 Ibs) ... MX, IMX type
143
ENGINE
Bore and stroke 67.0 X 42.5 mm (2.64 X 1.67 in)
Compression ratio 12.2: 1
Displacement 599 em? (36.5 cu-in)
Spark plug
Standard IMROC-9HES (NGK) or
VUH27D (DENSO)
Idle speed 1,400 — 100 min” (rpm)
Valve clearance (Cold) Intake 0.20 mm (0.008 in)
Exhaust 0.28 mm (0.011 in)
144
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSION
Caster
Trail
Tyre size, Front
Tyre size, Rear
Tyre type
23°55'
98 mm (3.9 in)
120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
DUNLOP
Qualifier PTG
BRIDGESTONE
BTO15F RADIAL E
180/55ZR17M/C (73W)
DUNLOP
Qualifier PTG
BRIDGESTONE
BTO15R RADIAL E
radial-ply, tubeless
145
POWER TRANSMISSION
Primary reduction
Gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
Final reduction
146
2.111
2.750
2.000
1.667
1.304
1.208
2.563
2.625
... Except MX, IIMX type
… MX, MX type
ELECTRICAL
Battery
Generator
LIGHTS
Headlight
Brake/Tail light
Turn signal light Front
Rear
Position light
License light
FUSE
Main fuse
Other fuses
12 V—8.6 Ah
0.342 kW/5,000 min” (rpm)
12 V—55/55 W
LED
12V—21W... Except MX, IMX type
12V—23/8 W ... MX, IIMX type
12V—21 W... Except MX, IIMX type
12V—23W... MX, IMX type
LED
LED
30 A
10A,20A
147
CATALYTIC CONVERTER
This motorcycle is equipped with a catalytic
converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO, and
NOx. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical reactions
to take place. It can set on fire any
combustible materials that come near it.
Park your motorcycle away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
148
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your engine’s
performance. Follow these guidelines to
protect your motorcycle’s catalytic
converter.
¢ Always use unleaded petrol. Even a small
amount of leaded petrol can contaminate
the catalyst metals, making the catalytic
converter ineffective.
e Keep the engine in good running
condition.
A poorly running engine can cause the
catalytic converter to overheat causing
damage to the converter or the
motorcycle.
o If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your motorcycle serviced as
soon as possible.
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