Camera Manual 4/5
Selecting a Drive Mode
38
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
III. ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Consecutive-Frame Mode
Consecutive pictures can be taken by holding down
the shutter release button.
Set the drive mode selector to P.
• if the AF mode selector is set to [S]. the camera
focuses only the first picture. From the second
picture, the pictures are taken consecutively with
the focus locked at the first picture.
39
1
1. Set the drive mode selector to r.
2. Focus on the subject first using the autofocus
frame and by pressing the shutter release button halfway down. Then press the shutter
release button fully.
• The shutter will be released about 12 seconds
later.
• When the Self-Timer is in operation. The audible
PCV signal is heard and the rate increases for the
last two seconds.
• To cancel the Self-Timer operation after it has been
activated, move the drive mode selector to a position other than r or set the main switch to the
OFF position.
• The Self-Timer delay time can be set to 12 sec. or
2 sec. (with mirror lock-up) with Pentax Function
No. 4.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Self-Timer Mode
The self-timer mode delays the shutter release, and
is useful for taking group shots that include the photographer. The shutter will be released about 12
seconds after the shutter release button is pressed.
2
40
1
Multiplex Exposure Mode
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Procedure
1. Turn the multi-exposure switch in the direction of the arrow until it locks.
2. The frame counter on the LCD panel blinks.
3
3. Press the shutter release button to shoot an
initial exposure. The film will not advance.
41
4
5
5. Recompose the frame, and press the shutter
release button to shoot the second shot.
Notes:
• To exposure the triple shot, leave the multi-exposure switch in the lock position and shoot the second shot. Then return the multi-exposure switch
to the original position. The film does not advance
at this stage. Press the shutter release button to
shoot the third shot. The film will advance and the
Single-Frame shooting will be restored.
• When using the Multi-Exposure Mode, you usually get the best result using a flash to illuminate
the main subject against a dimly-lit background.
• To cancel the Multi-Exposure Mode, turn the multiexposure switch to the original position.
• When using the Multi-Exposure Mode, the exposed
frame may move slightly.
• With the data exposure imprinting set, the data of
the last frame is imprinted.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
4. Return the multi-exposure switch to the original position to cancel the multi-exposure
mode.
42
Selecting an Exposure Mode
1
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the Programmed AE Mode
Purpose
The camera automatically selects the optimum
combination of shutter speed and aperture settings,
making it easy to take a good photograph by just
pressing the shutter release button.
To set
1. Set the lens aperture ring to b.
• Turn the lens aperture ring while holding down the
aperture-A lock button.
3
2. Turn the shutter speed dial to b while holding down the shutter speed dial lock release
button.
• The shutter speed dial can be released from b to
another position in the same manner as above.
• When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting will
be displayed in the viewfinder.
• You can shift the program line of Programmed AE
Mode with Pentax Function No 4. See page 79 for
more details.
43
*
* Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the shutter
speed and aperture setting will blink in the viewfinder. If the subject is too bright, select a darker
subject. Use a flash if the subject is too dark.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
44
1
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the Aperture-Priority AE Mode
2. Set the shutter speed dial to [A].
Purpose
When the desired aperture is selected, an appropriate shutter speed is automatically set by the camera for a proper exposure. This mode is ideal for
shooting landscapes with increased depth of field,
or a portrait against a blurred background.
• The shutter speed dial can be released from b to
another position while holding down the shutter
speed dial lock button.
To set
1. Set the lens aperture ring to the desired fstop other than b.
• Turn the lens aperture ring while holding down the
aperture-A lock button.
45
3
4
• The approximate aperture indication appears in
the viewfinder. It may not the same indication as
that you selected with the lens aperture ring especially when the A645 150mm f/3.5 or A 645 4582mm Zoom f/4.5 is attached.
* Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the selected
shutter speed will blink in the viewfinder and on the
LCD panel as a warning as shown. When the subject is too bright, choose a smaller aperture, if available; when it is too dark, choose a larger aperture,
if available. When the shutter speed indication
stops blinking, you can take the picture. If both
shutter and aperture blink, it means that the exposure is out of metering range and unable to obtain a
correct exposure even if the aperture is adjusted.
Select a darker subject if it is too bright, or use a
flash if it is too dark.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
3. Set the desired f-stop.
4. The f-stop that you have selected and appropriate aperture indication determined by the
camera can be seen in the viewfinder when
the shutter release button is pressed halfway.
*
46
1
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the Shutter-Priority AE Mode
Purpose
When the desired shutter is selected, the appropriate aperture is automatically set by the camera for
a proper exposure according to the brightness of
the subject. This mode is suitable for freezing the
action with a fast shutter speed or capturing a flowing dynamic image with a slow shutter speed.
2
To set
1. Set the lens aperture ring to b.
2. Set the shutter speed dial to a shutter speed
other than b.
• To set the shutter speed dial to a position other
than b, turn the shutter speed dial while holding
down the shutter speed dial lock button.
3. Set the shutter speed dial to the desired
shutter speed.
47
3
• If the shutter speed does not change to 1/2 step,
confirm Pentax Function No. 1
• When the shutter release button is pressed halfway down, the shutter speed and the aperture
value will be displayed in the viewfinder.
• In flash photography, when you use flash sync
shutter speed of 1/60 second or a non-dedicated
external flash unit, set the shutter speed dial to
the e (1/60 of second ) position.
* Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the shutter
speed and aperture setting in the viewfinder blink.
When the subject is too bright, choose a faster
shutter speed. When the shutter speed indication
stops blinking, you can take the picture. If both
selected shutter speed and aperture blink, it means
that the exposure is out of metering range and
unable to obtain a correct exposure even if the
shutter speed is adjusted. Select a darker subject if
the subject is too bright. Use a flash if it is too dark.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
4. The shutter speed dial between 1/1000 to 4S
can be set to 1/2 step by pressing the up/down
button. The set shutter speed will be displayed
on the LCD panel and in the viewfinder.
*
48
1
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the Metered Manual Mode
Purpose
The Metered Manual Mode is a convenient exposure
mode for taking pictures using the same shutter
speed and aperture setting combination, or taking
creatively under or over exposured photographs.
To set
1. Set the lens aperture ring to the desired fstop setting.
• Turn the lens aperture ring while holding down the
aperture-A lock button.
2
2. Set the shutter speed dial to the desired
shutter speed.
3. The shutter speed dial between 1/1000 to 4S
can be set to 1/2 step by pressing the up/down
button. The set shutter speed will be displayed
on the LCD panel and in the viewfinder.
• If the shutter speed does not change to 1/2 step,
confirm Pentax Function No. 1
• To set the shutter speed dial to a position other
than b, turn the shutter speed dial while holding
down the shutter speed dial lock button.
• When the 645 LS (with leaf shutter) 75mm is
attached, C Appears on the LCD panel.
49
3
4
• When the bars are displayed to the j side on the bar
graph, it indicates overexposure and when the bars are
displayed to the o side, it indicates underexposure.
• Moving one bar on the bar graph indicates 1/3 step
(EV). However, when under or over exposure is set
beyond + 3 or - 3 steps (3EV), j or o indicator will
blink.
*
• In flash photography, when you use the flash sync shutter
speed of 1/60 second or a non-dedicated external flash
unit, set the shutter dial to the e (1/60 of second) position.
* Exposure Warning
If the subject is too bright or too dark, the selected shutter
speed will blink in the viewfinder as a warning as shown.
When the subject is too bright, choose a smaller aperture;
when it is too dark, choose a larger aperture. When the
shutter speed indication stops blinding, you can take a
picture. If both shutter and aperture blink, It means that
the exposure is out of metering range and unable to
obtain a correct exposure even if the aperture is adjusted.
Select a darker subject or use a flash if it is too dark.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
4. Turn either the shutter dial or lens aperture ring
until a single bar is displayed in the center of the
bar graph.
5. When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed, approximate aperture and
bar graph will be displayed in the viewfinder.
5
50
1
2
3
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the Bulb Exposure Mode
2. Set the shutter speed dial to c.
Purpose
This mode is useful for the long exposures required for
shooting night scenes and fireworks. The shutter remains
open as long as the shutter release button is held down.
3. An appropriate aperture will be displayed in
the viewfinder when the shutter release button is pressed halfway.
To set
1. Set the lens aperture ring to the desired fstop other than b while holding down the
aperture-A lock button.
• Do not set the lens aperture ring to b. lf doing so, the
aperture will always closed to the maximum position.
• Set the shutter speed dial to the c position. Turn
the shutter speed dial while holding down the
shutter speed dial lock button.
• The approximate aperture indication appears in
the viewfinder. It may not the same indication as
that you selected with the lens aperture ring especially when the A645 150mm f/3.5 or A 645 4585mm Zoom f/4.5 is attached.
51
4
• When using this mode, use a steady tripod to prevent camera shake and attach the optional "Cable
Switch CS-105 CS-130" or Release Timer Switch
TS-110 after removing the Release Socket Cap.
• Up to approx. 8 hours exposure is possible with
new alkaline batteries at room temperatures.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
4. Adjust the desired aperture by lens aperture
ring.
52
About Exposure Compensation
1
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Purpose
The exposure compensation allows you to deliberately
overexpose (brighten) or underexpose (darken) a subject,
or to compensate for difficult lighting conditions which
may fool the camera's built-in exposure meter.
To set
1. Turn the exposure compensation dial to the
desired compensation value.
2. The exposure compensation dial locks at the a position. To
set the exposure compensation dial to a position other than
the a position, turn the exposure compensation dial while
holding down the exposure compensation dial while holding
down the exposure compensation dial release button.
3. The bar graph indicates the compensation value
and w appear in the viewfinder.
2
• Exposure compensation does not work in the Bulb
Exposure Mode.
• The exposure compensation range is -3 1/3EV to +3 1/
3EV in 0.3EV step.
• The exposure compensation step can be selected from
0.3EV step to 0.5EV step with Pentax Function No.5.
See page 79 for more details
• When the 0.5EV step is selected, two bars above the
bar graph indicate a 0.5EV step.
• When exposure compensation is used in the Metered
Manual mode, the bar above the bar graph indicates
under or overexposure, it is not indicating the exposure
compensation value. w is displayed.
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode
When you take a picture that requires exposure
compensation and it may be difficult to determine
the correct exposure, use this mode to make three
different bracketing exposures with different exposure levels.
1
2
with 1/3EV set
with 1/2EV set
53
Selection of auto bracketing amount.
The auto bracketing amount can be selected from
1/3EV step or 1/2EV step.
2. Release the finger from the auto-bracketing
selector. The selector returns to the ± 0 position to complete the set-bracketing amount.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
To set
1. While holding the auto bracketing selector at
the STEP position, press the up/down button
to select the desired auto bracketing amount.
• The bracketing amount can be set to 13 (1/3EV
step) or 12 (1/2EV step).
54
with 1/3EV set
with 1/2EV set
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
1. Set the auto bracketing selector to the desired
exposure compensation value.
2. Press the shutter release button fully. Three pictures are taken consecutively according to the
auto-bracketing switch you have set.
• Three pictures are taken consecutively as follows.
First picture:
Correct exposure
Second picture: Underexposure
Third picture: Overexposure
• The sequence of the auto bracketing exposures can be
changed with Pentax Function No.3.
• The camera automatically measures the exposure for
each shot.
• The focus is locked at the first picture and remains
locked until all pictures are taken.
• If you let go of the shutter release button during auto
bracketing, the auto-bracketing will remain effective
until the viewfinder indication goes off. After that, the
camera returns to the shooting status before the first
frame was taken.
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode combined with the
Exposure Compensation function.
You can combine the auto bracketing exposure mode with
the exposure compensation function.
The auto-bracketing will work in accordance with the
exposure compensation value set.
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode combined with the
Metered Manual Mode.
You can combine the auto Bracketing exposure mode
with the metered manual mode (except X sync speed).
The auto-bracketing will work with changing only the shutter speed. The bar graph of the metered manual mode is
only displayed in the viewfinder. The bar graph of the
exposure compensation value is not displayed.
Switching the Metering Mode
Using the Center-Weighted Metering Mode
This metering system does not automatically compensate for backlit or spotlit scenes like the
Multi(6)Segment Metering Mode. Creative exposure control is decided by the user.
To set
Set the metering mode selector to the J position.
• The metering pattern in the illustration above
shows that the upper part of the pattern (in the
center of the viewfinder) has more sensitivity to
light than the lower part.
• In this metering mode, the camera does not automatically compensate the exposure in backlit or
spotlighted scenes like the Multi (6)-Segment
Mode. Creative exposure control is decided by
the user.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
The Spot metering or Center-Weighted metering
mode can also be selected in this camera.
Select the desired metering mode with the metering
mode selector.
55
56
1
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Metering
area
Using the Spot Metering Mode
The Spot Metering Mode measures light only in the
small area in the center of the viewfinder.
To set
1. Set the metering mode selector to I.
2. Measure the small area of the viewfinder as
illustrated.
• If brightness is much different between the center
and the other area of the photograph, exposure
should be determined in consideration of the overall brightness. Otherwise, the picture will come out
improperly exposed.
Using AE Lock
57
The AE lock function memorizes an exposure before
shooting. The AE lock function is very effective when
used along with the spot metering. Use the AE lock
function to get a correct exposure when the subject
occupies only a small part of the viewfinder.
Position the area to be measured in the spot
metering area and press the AE lock button.
The exposure level is memorized and n is displayed in the viewfinder.
How to cancel
To cancel the AE lock function, press the AE lock
button again.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
• As soon as the AE lock button W is pressed,
and the camera stores the measured exposure
level for 20 seconds. The AE lock function
remains while the AE lock button is pressed.
• If the shutter release button is pressed halfway
down while the AE lock timer is operating, the
memorized meter reading will remain even if the
AE lock button is released.
• The AE lock function cannot be used when the
camera is set in the Metered Manual Mode.
58
Setting the Focus Mode Switch to the Continuous Position
Predictive Autofocus Mode
When the camera senses subject movement during
the autofocus operation, the camera will automatically switch the focus mode to the predictive autofocus mode to measure the speed of a moving
subject, and predict where it will be at the moment
of shutter release to maintain sharp focus on the
subject. If the subject is moving too fast, the shutter
may not be released.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
If the shutter release button is held at the halfway
position, the lens focuses continuously to follow the
subject. The shutter can be released even if the
subject is out of focus.
Set the focus mode switch to h.
Using the Spot AF Mode
1
59
2
AF area
How to focus
1. Set the AF frame selector to 5.
2. Focus on the main subject with the Spot AF
frame.
• When the main subject is off the Spot AF frame,
use the focus-lock technique. See page 60.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Select the Spot AF Mode to critically focus on a
specific spot of the subject which is in the spot AF
autofocus frame.
60
1
Focus Lock Function
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
In the Spot Metering Mode, the camera focuses with the
spot metering / focusing area of the viewfinder. If you
shoot without positioning the spot metering / focusing area
on the main subject, the main subject will not be focused
properly.
Set the AF frame selector to 5.
1. When the composition does not allow the autofocus frame to be placed over the most important
subject, the camera will focus on the background
as shown in the illustration.
• The focus lock can be used in the 3-point AF Mode and
Spot AF Mode.
• The focus lock does not operate when the AF mode
selector is at h.
3
2. To prevent this, focus on the main subject with the
spot metering / focusing area. Press and hold the
shutter release button halfway down. The in-focus
indicator remains on, indicating that the focus is
temporarily locked.
3. While holding the shutter release button halfway
down, aim the camera or recompose the picture,
then press the shutter release button fully to
release the shutter.
• Lifting your finger off the shutter release button clears
the in-focus indicator
in the viewfinder and cancels
the focus lock function
• To refocus on another subject, lift your finger off the
shutter release button.
Manual Focusing
1
How to focus
1. Set the lens in the manual focus mode.
• Switching between the autofocus and manual
focus modes depends on the lens you use. For
more details, read the operating manual of the
lens.
3
2. While looking through the viewfinder, turn
the focusing ring to the right or left while
holding the shutter release button halfway
down.
3. When the subject comes into focus, the infocus indicator
lights up in the viewfinder.
Press the shutter release button fully to take
the photograph.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Using the in - focus indicator
2
61
62
• The camera is not equipped with the focus mode
selector.
• When the subject comes into focus, the focus
indicator
lights up in the viewfinder. An audible
PCV signal can be heard if the main switch is set
to the U position.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
When the autofocus mode or the in-focus indicator is unsuited for focusing
When the autofocus function or the viewfinder's infocus indicator
cannot be used when it's hard to
autofocus the subject in the AF frame, focus the
subject in the manual focus mode with the aid of
the matte field in the viewfinder as you would with a
non-AF SLR camera.
Notes on Accessories
The following conditions do not allow autofocusing
or manual focusing with the in-focus indicator in the
viewfinder. Use the manual focus mode to focus
mode to focus on the subject with the aid of the
matte field surrounding the autofocus frame. See
page 58 for manual focusing.
a) When using special effect filters or "Magic Image
Attachment".
b) When using Extension Tubes or an Auto Bellows
for close-up photography.
63
1
2
HARD-TO-AUTOFOCUS SUBJECTS
The autofocus system is highly precise, but not perfect. Depending on the brightness, contrast, shape,
and size of your subject, the autofocus system may
not operate. In such a case, use the focus-lock
technique (see page 60) on another subject that is
the same distance away, or set the lens to use the
manual focus mode to focus the lens on the subject
with the aid of the matte field in the viewfinder.
How to focus on the subject with the aid of the
matte field
1. Set the lens in the manual focus position.
2. While looking through the viewfinder, turn
the focusing ting to the right or left until the
image in the viewfinder is clearest.
a) Extremely low-contrast subjects such as a white
wall in the autofocus frame l.
b) Subjects which don't reflect much light in the
autofocus frame l.
c) Subjects which are moving too fast.
d) Multiple subjects in the foreground and background of the autofocus frame l.
e) Subjects positioned against reflected light or
strong backlight or with extremely bright backgrounds.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Subjects which may fool the autofocus system
include:
Imprinting the Exposure Data on the Negative
64
If a 645 A-or FA lens (autofocus) is attached, the camera imprints the following exposure data directly on the
negative, outside of the picture frame with each exposure.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
" Characters
# Number of Films
$ Number of Frames
% Exposure Mode
& Shutter Speed
' Aperture Setting
( Exposure Compensation Value
) Auto-bracketing
* Metering Mode
#
"
+ AE-lock
, Flash status
- Focal length of Lens
. Focus mode
/ Autofocus mode
0 AF area
1 Focus point
2Film speed
%
$
(
&
'
*
)
,
+
-
/
.
1
0
2
65
Data type
Imprinted description
Capital letter [A to G] is imprinted to identify the camera.
Number of films
[1-199] can be imprinted. Beyond 199, it returns to 1.
Number of frames
[1-95] can be imprinted.
Exposure mode
n (Metered Manual), c (Shutter-Priority AE), b (Aperture-Priority AE) or s (Programmed AE)
can be imprinted.
Shutter speed
[The shutter speed] displayed in the viewfinder is imprinted. For bulb exposure, up to [9999] seconds
can be imprinted. Beyond 9999 seconds, [L. T.] will be in printed. m is used for lens shutter, e for
when the shutter speed dial is set to the X position.
Aperture setting
[Aperture value] displayed in the viewfinder is imprinted. When the 67 lens adapter or the 645
Helicoid Extension Tube having no lens information contacts is used, k will be imprinted.
When the exposure compensation is not enabled, E is imprinted. The exposure compensation
Exposure compensation value value for the auto bracketing is also imprinted. If both auto-bracketing and exposure compensation
are used, the sum is imprinted.
Auto bracketing
X is imprinted when the pictures are taken in auto bracketing mode.
Metering mode
Q (Multi-segment), R (Center-Weighted). S (Spot)
AE lock
W is imprinted with the AE-lock function used.
Flash status
s is imprinted when a Pentax dedicated flash is fired.
Focal length of lens
[Focal length] is imprinted when the FA lens is attached. When the FA zoom lens is in use, [an
approximate value of focal length] is imprinted. p is imprinted when an accessory such as the A-lens
and rear converter is mounted.
Focus mode
K is imprinted with the autofocus mode used. L is imprinted with the manual focus mode used.
Autofocus mode
z is imprinted with Single AF mode used. h is imprinted with Continuous AF mode used.
AF area
8 is imprinted with the 3-point AF mode used. 4 is imprinted with the spot AF mode used.
Focus point
When the 3-point AF is set, the focus point used is imprinted with L (left), R (right), or C (center).
Film speed
The film speed set from ISO 6 to 6400 is imprinted.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Characters
66
1
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
To set
1. Set the exposure compensation dial to [D]. [D] will be displayed on the LCD panel.
2. Press the up/down button repeatedly until [on] appears on the LCD panel.
If i is displayed on the LCD panel, the exposure data will be imprinted on the negative.
• With a 645 A- lens attached, the focal length of the lens will not be imprinted even if i is displayed on the
LCD panel.
• With an accessory without the lens information contacts such as a helicoid extension tube attached, the
focal length and aperture setting of the lens will not be imprinted even if i is displayed on the LCD panel.
• Since the exposure data are imprinted on the outside of picture frame, the data will not be seen on the
actual photographs.
• The shutter cannot be released with the exposure compensation dial set to i.
67
1
1. Set the main switch to [ON].
2. Set the exposure compensation dial to [D].
3. Press the up/down button repeatedly to display [OFF] on the LCD panel.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
To cancel the Exposure Data Imprint Mode
2
68
Using a Pentax Dedicated External Flash
Using the TTL Auto Flash
1. Remove the hot shoe cover and attach a
Pentax dedicated flash unit.
2. Turn the flash ON.
3. Set the flash to TTL Auto mode.
4. Confirm that the flash is fully charged.
5. Focus on the subject and release the shutter.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Auto Bracketing Exposure mode with a Pentax
TTL dedicated flash
When the auto bracketing exposure mode is
selected with a Pentax dedicated TTL flash in use,
only the amount of flash output is varied.
• When the flash is fully charged, the ready lamp on
the flash unit lights up. When the shutter release
button is pressed halfway down, s appears in the
viewfinder indicating the flash is ready.
• For more details, read the flash operating manual.
Exposure Compensation with a Pentax TTL dedicated flash
When the exposure compensation is set with a
Pentax TTL flash in use, it makes possible to adjust
the brightness of the background of the subject and
the flash output at the same time.
69
AF240FT, AF400FTZ
• These flash units feature a built-in infrared spotbeam to assist the autofocus system in dim light
and low-contrast conditions.
• In the Programmed AE, Shutter-Priority AE, or Aperture-Priority AE: TTL Auto Flash Mode will be set
automatically even if the flash unit is set to Manual.
• When the flash unit is charged and left unused for
about 5 minutes, the power will automatically be
turned off to save battery power. Pressing the
shutter release button halfway down will restart
charging of the flash unit.
AF200T, AF220T, AF280T, and AF400T
• If the TTL auto mode is selected, these flash units
can be used for daylight-sync shooting, because
the shutter speed is adjusted according to the
ambient brightness. The slower shutter speed varies according to the lens focal length. The shutter
speed varies between 1/60 second and a lower
speed which does not cause camera shake. However, when a 645 A-lens is in use, the shutter
speed is set to 1/60 second. The aperture value
will also be fixed but will vary depending on the
ISO of the film being used.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
AF500FTZ, AF330FTZ and AF360FGZ
• These flash units feature a built-in infrared spotbeam to assist the autofocus system in dim light
and low-contrast conditions.
• The auto zoom function will automatically adjust
the angle of discharge according to the lens focal
length only when a 645 FA lens is in use.
• The AF500FTZ and AF360FGZ feature a wireless
slave synch flash function.
• The flash effective range appears on the LCD
panel only when an a 645 A- lens is in use, or FA
lens is in use.
• Multiple flash burst on a single frame is possible
with the AF500FTZ.
• In the Programmed AE, Shutter-Priority AE, or
Aperture-Priority AE, the TTL Auto Flash Mode
will be set automatically even if the flash is set to
Manual.
• With AF360FGZ, the picture format size can be
selected depending on the camera format being
used.
70
• When using the Three-Level Auto (red, green,
and yellow settings) mode, the aperture value is
adjusted as shown in the table. When the flash is
fully charged, the shutter speed also varies within
the shutter speed range of 1/60 second to a lower
speed which does not cause camera shake. The
slowest shutter speed varies according to the
lens focal length. When a 645A - lens is used, the
shutter speed will be set to 1/60 second.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
AF200T
AF280T
AF400T
Red
f/2.8
f/4
f/4
Green
f/5.6
f/8
f/8
Yellow
f/11
with ISO 100
Multi-burst flash with the Pentax dedicated
flash
When discharging more than 2 Pentax dedicated
flashes, make sure that they are of the same type,
combine Type A with Type B or Type C with Type D.
(refer to the overview of Flash Function on page
71).
71
Overview of Flash Function
TYPE A
TYPE B
TYPE C
TYPE D
N
N
N
N
Automatic aperture setting in the Programmed AE Mode or Shutter-Priority AE mode.
N
N
N*1
N
Flash confirmation signal in the viewfinder
N
N
TTL auto flash
N
N
N
Auto flash
N*2
N*3
N
Slow-speed sync in the Shutter-Priority AE Mode or Metered Manual Mode
N
N
N*4
N
AF spotbeam
N
N
Trailing-shutter-curtain sync flash
N
N
Contrast-control flash mode
N
TYPE A: AF500FTZ (*3), AF360FGZ, AF330FTZ
TYPE B: AF400FTZ, AF240FT
TYPE C: AF400T, AF280T, AF220T, AF200T, AF080C, AF140C
TYPE D: AF200SA, AF201SA
Using other types of a flash
Notes:
• Use of non-Pentax flash units may damage the camera.
*1. When using a Type C flash (except AF220T) in the MS
For the best results, use a Pentax dedicated flash unit.
(Manual Sync) or M (Manual) modes, set the camera's
• Some large studio type flashes may have reversed conexposure mode to the Aperture-Priority AE Mode, Mantacts and may not fire with the 645NII camera. For further
ual or Bulb. The Program and Aperture-Priority AE
Modes cannot be used because the actual required
information, contact the manufacturer or local supplier
aperture value may change.
of the flash unit. Also, some studio flash units may not
be synchronized properly and a part of the image could
*2. AF500FTZ and AF330FTZ do not have the auto flash capability.
be blacked out by the second shutter curtain. It is rec*3. AF140C and AF080C do not have the auto flash capability.
ommended, for safety's sake, to use a shutter speed
*4. ln the MS (Manual Sync) or M (Manual) mode, the
one step slower than the flash sync speed.
Shutter-Priority AE cannot be used because the actual
required aperture value may change.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
CAMERA FUNCTION
After the flash is charged, the camera automatically switches to the flash-sync speed.
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Daylight- Sync Shooting
Purpose
When taking a portrait in daylight, the subject's face
may be covered by shadow. The use of a flash will
help eliminate the unwanted shadow.
Daylight-sync photography is accomplished in
the same manner as normal flash photography,
so you simply press the shutter release but-ton.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Without Daylight-sync
With Daylight-sync
• lf the background is too bright, it may be overexposed.
Slow-Speed-Sync Shooting
Purpose
It is possible to balance the exposure of a foreground subject against a dimly lit background by
using the flash to properly expose the foreground
subject and a slow-shutter-speed to expose the low
light background.
To set
With the Shutter-Priority AE Mode set
1. Set the camera's exposure mode to the Shutter-Priority AE Mode.
2. Set the desired shutter speed.
• lf the aperture in the viewfinder blinks, a correct
exposure will not be obtained for the background.
Adjust the shutter speed until the blinking stops.
3. Turn the flash on.
4. Take the picture.
• lf the power is on before the desired shutter
speed is selected, the proper exposure for the
back-ground will not be obtained. Be sure to
select the shutter speed before the flash is turned
on.
• ln the slow-speed-sync shooting, use of a tripod is
recommended to prevent camera shake.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
To set
With the Metered Manual Mode set
1. Turn the flash on.
2. Set the camera's exposure mode to the
Metered Manual Mode.
3. Select an appropriate shutter speed (lower
than 1/60 second) and aperture combination
for a correct exposure.
4. Release the shutter.
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74
Using the Preview Lever
1
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
To confirm the depth of field in the viewfinder, press
the preview lever.
1. Turn the lens aperture ring to a position other
than the b position.
2
2. Press the preview lever. The aperture will
stop down to the preset value, and the depth
of field can be confirmed through the viewfinder.
• The lens aperture is closed down while holding
the preview lever.
• The shutter cannot be released while pressing
the preview lever.
• The depth of field cannot be confirmed with the
lens aperture set to b.
Mirror Lock-up
To set
To cancel 1
To set
1. Set the drive mode selector to q.
2. Press the shutter release button fully to swing up
the mirror.
3. Press the shutter release button again. The shutter
is released.
• The exposure is locked just before the mirror goes up.
• The audible PCV signal's beeping can be enabled and
will be heard with the drive mode selector set to U.
• Mirror lockup cannot be used when using LS lenses
with the lens shutter set.
• Mirror lockup cannot be operated when the batteries are
exhausted or running low. The batteries run out quickly
when using mirror lock-up for long hours.
To cancel 2
To cancel
1. With the exposure mode set to the Aperture-Priority AE mode, Metered manual mode or Bulb exposure mode:
Set the Drive mode selector to a position other than
[M.UP] or set the main switch to [OFF].
2. With the exposure mode set to the Programmed AE
or Shutter- Priority AE mode:
Set the multi-exposure switch to [ON].
Set the drive mode selector to a position other than
[M.UP] or set the main switch to [OFF].
Set the multi-exposure switch to the original position.
Note:
Without setting the multi-exposure switch to the ON position, the film is advanced by 1 frame when the mirror
returns to the original position.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
This camera is equipped with a mirror lock-up function.
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1
Pentax Functions
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
SETTING PENTAX FUNCTIONS
The camera provides 10 Pentax Functions so you can set the camera according to your preferences.
To set:
1. Turn on the camera. Set the exposure compensation dial to M.
• A Function No. and the setting content will be displayed on the LCD panel.
2. Press the up or down button to display the Pentax Function (No.0 to No.9) you want to set.
3. Press the AE lock button to select the setting content.
4. The Pentax function No. and setting content will be set when the exposure compensation dial is
set to other than M.
• The shutter cannot be released with the exposure compensation dial set to M.
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1
2
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Resetting the Pentax Function
To reset all the Pentax Functions to the initial settings.
1. Set the exposure compensation dial to M.
2. Hold down the up and down buttons at the same time for more than 2 seconds. N will be displayed on the LCD panel and all Pentax Functions are reset to the initial settings.
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Setting Pentax Function
[PF 0] Imprinting the character (capital letters A - G)
If the imprinting is enabled, a capital letter can be
imprinted on the negative.
If the user has more than two cameras, a different letter can be set to identify which camera was used with
the film.
Pentax Function No.0
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
[PF 1] Setting the shutter speed step
For use with the Shutter-Priority AE or Metered Manual Mode set, the shutter speed step can be set to
either 0.5 or 1 EV step.
Pentax Function No.1
1/2EV step (initial setting)
1.0EV step (follows the shutter speed dial)
[PF 2] Setting the metering timer
The metering will stay on for 10 seconds but can be
changed to 20 or 30 seconds.
Pentax Function No.2
10 seconds (initial setting)
20 seconds
30 seconds
[PF 3] Setting the auto-bracketing sequence
You can set the sequence of the auto-bracketing exposures.
Pentax Function No.3
Proper exposure →
Under exposure →
Over exposure
Under exposure →
Proper exposure →
Over exposure
Over exposure →
Proper exposure →
Under exposure
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[PF 4] Setting the self-timer delay time
The self-timer delay time can be set to 12 sec. or 2
sec. If the 2 sec. self-timer is set, the mirror is locked
up when the shutter release button is pressed and the
shutter will be released after 2 seconds.
With the exposure compensation step is set to 1/2
Exposure compensation can only be set to 1/2 step even
if the exposure compensation dial is set to 1/3 or 2/3 step.
Pentax Function No.4
Self-timer delay of 12 sec.
(initial setting)
[PF 5] Setting the exposure compensation step
Set the exposure compensation step 1/3EV or 1/2EV
step.
Pentax Function No.5
Selecting an exposure compensation step of 0.3EV or
0.5EV
1/3EV (initial setting)
1/2EV
In the viewfinder, when the 1/2 step is set, two bars are
displayed on the bar graph.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Self-timer delay of 2 sec.
with mirror lock-up
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[PF 6] Enabling/disabling the program line for shifting.
The program line of Programmed AE Mode can be
shifted according to your shooting preferences.
Pentax Function No.6
Disabling the programmed
line shift (initial setting)
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Enabling the programmed line shift
With the programmed line shift enabled
The programmed line is shifted 0.5EV step each time the
up/down button is pressed.
Holding the button will shift the program line continuously.
• The shutter speed increases and the aperture opens up
by pressing the up button. Conversely, the shutter
speed decreases and the aperture closes down by
pressing the down button.
• The shifted shutter speed and aperture value are displayed in the viewfinder.
• To cancel the program shift, set the main switch to OFF
or change the exposure mode.
[PF 7] Setting the frame counter indication
The frame counter can be set to a count-up indication
or to a count-down indication.
Pentax Function No.7
Count-up indication
(initial setting)
Count-down indication
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[PF 8] Enabling/disabling the display of the number of
films taken and frame counter in the viewfinder
The number of films taken and the frame counter are
displayed in the viewfinder while holding the Autobracketing selector to the 6 position.
Pentax Function No.8
Disabling the display in the
viewfinder (initial setting)
Number of films
Number of
frames
How to display
Hold the auto-bracketing selector to the 6 position.
The total number of films taken and the current exposure
counter are displayed in the viewfinder.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Enabling the display in the
viewfinder
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[PF9] Changing the number of frames taken
Changes the number of recordable frames when a 120 film or 220 film is used.
Pentax Function No.9
The number of recordable frames shown on the LCD panel is varied according to the type of the film holder
attached.
LCD panel indication
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
With 120 film attached
With 220 film attached
Setting contents
15 or 32 frames (initial setting)
With 120 film holder ... 15 frames
With 220 film holder ... 32 frames
16 or 33 frames
With 120 film holder ... 16 frames
With 220 film holder ... 33 frames
• With 16 or 33 frames set, focus may deteriorate on the 2nd frame taken in the Consecutive-frame mode.
• The number of frames taken can be changed before the 1st frame is taken. After the 1st frame is taken,
the number of frames cannot be changed until the film is removed.
Accessories (Optional)
• AF330FTZ
A TTL Auto Zoom flash with a built-in AF spotbeam and
a guide number of 33 (ISO 100/m). It features contrastcontrol-sync flash sync and leading/trailing-curtain-sync
flash mode.
• AF220T
A TTL Auto flash with a guide number of 22 (ISO 100/
m). It features a bounce-flash capability.
• Hot Shoe Adapter FG, Extension Cord F5P (L) and
Off-Camera-Shoe Adapter.
The adapters and cord allow the AF240FT, AF330FTZ,
AF360FGZ, AF400FTZ and AF500FTZ to be used off
the camera, while maintaining full electronic coupling to
the camera.
• Macro Flash AF140C
A TTL macro flash unit with a guide number of 14 (ISO
100/m).
• Filters
Skylight, Cloudy, UV, Y2, O2, R2, and Circular Polarizing Filter are available. Each filter is available in sizes of
49mm, 52mm, 67mm and 77mm.
• Remote Battery Pack 645
The remote battery pack is an accessory to keep batteries
warm when photographing in extremely low temperatures.
• Film back 645
120 film back and 220 film back are available.
• Quick Shoe Adapter QS-20/Quick Shoe Base QS-B1
The camera can be attached or removed from the tripod
in seconds.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
A number of dedicated accessories are available for this
camera.
• Cable Switch CS-105/CS-130
A shutter release cord designed for use with the 645NII
and MZ-S. The cable length of CS-105 and CS-130 is
50cm and 3m respectively.
• Release Timer Switch TS-110
A dedicated shutter release device for interval and timer
shooting with 645NII and MZ-S.
• Magnifier 645
A viewfinder accessory for magnifying the central area
of the viewfinder.
• Refconverter A
A right angle finder which attaches the viewfinder. The
viewfinder magnification can be switched from 1X to 2X.
• AF500FTZ
A TTL Auto Zoom flash with a built-in AF spotbeam and
a large guide number of 50 (ISO 100/m). It features
slave-sync flash function, multiple-flash burst, contrastcontrol-sync flash and leading/trailing-curtain-sync flash
mode.
• AF360FTZ
A P-TTL and TTL auto zoom flash with a built-in AF
spotbeam and a guide number of 36 (ISO 100/m). It features a bounce-flash capability, slave-sync flash function, contrast control-sync flash, leading/trailing-curtainsync flash and modeling flash mode.
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84
• Interchangeable screen
Four types of focusing screens including the standard focusing screen are available. (Please refer to the
instruction sheets supplied with each screen for changing instructions.)
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
AS-80 (AF Center Spot Matte)
The standard focusing screen for
general photography.
AG-80 (AF Cross-Lined Matte)
Designed to guide picture compositions. (9mm grid)
AA-82 (AF Microprism Matte)
For general use, the matte screen with the
microprism.
AB-82 (AF Sprit-Image Matte)
Matte screen with the sprit
image.
AL-80 (AF 9-Segment Matte)
Designed to guide picture compositions.
Nine rectangular areas divided by vertical/horizontal lines.
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Adjust the double cable release so that when the
double cable release is pushed, the shutter is
released after the lens is fully stopped down. If the
shutter is released before the aperture is fully
stopped down, adjust the cable by extending the
end with the red ring or shortening the other end
connected to the shutter button.
Double Cable Release
When using the Auto Bellows 645 with this camera,
the double cable release A is required for releasing
the shutter. If your Auto Bellows 645 does not
include the double cable release A, the double
cable release A is available as an optional accessory.
Adjustment procedures
To extend the length, turn the knurled front ring to
the left (when viewed from the top), and then turn
the back knurled ring to the left (when viewed from
the top) while holding the front ring.
To shorten the length, turn the back knurled ring to
the right (when viewed from the top), and then turn
the front knurled ring to the right while holding the
back knurled ring.
How to attach
1. Attach the double cable release so that the end
with the red end ring of the double cable release
is connected to the socket with the red ring in the
lower part of the front board of the Auto Bellows
645.
2. Connect the other end to the shutter release button.
ADVANCED OPERATIONS
Notes on Accessories
When using an ordinary polarizing filter, a half mirror incorporated into the autofocus system reduces
the effectiveness of the autofocus function when
used in combination with an ordinary polarizing filter. Use a circular polarizing filter for proper autofocus operation.
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