M A N U A L - Simrad Yachting

M A N U A L - Simrad Yachting
M A N U A L
Simrad CA34/44/54
MultiRadar
183-3405-102 English 05082.20
Note!
Insert or remove C-MAP cartridges ONLY through SETUP menu or when
unit is off. All electronic navigation equipment is subject to external factors
beyond the control of the manufacturer. Therefore such equipment must be
regarded as an aid to navigation. The prudent navigator will, for that reason,
never rely on a single source for position fixing and navigation.
MOB ‘MAN OVERBOARD’ function
MOB
In case someone falls overboard, press the [MOB] key and hold for 2
seconds (or activate an external MOB switch - hold for 5 seconds).
CLR
Press [CLR] to confirm and reset the alarm if activated by mistake.
ENT
Before pressing [ENT] to start MOB navigation:
• Reduce speed.
• Turn off Autopilot.
Press [ENT] to start MOB navigation with all relevant data available
for an efficient rescue operation and a precise track record of the
vessel’s movements.
Window
1
Window
3
Screen layout default after activating MOB.
Window
2
Window 1: Data display will provide information of: Course, Bearing and Distance to MOB position, time elapsed since the incident
occurred - first in seconds and then in minutes - if “*” is shown
instead of numbers of minutes, means that the elapsed time has
exceeded 9999 minutes. The two lines after the TIME shows the
MOB position in Lat/Long.
Window 2: The chart display will provide a graphical impression of
a man
floating in the water at the MOB position together with a
course line from actual position to the incident.
Window 3: Data display will provide information of: Date, time and
position of MOB incident.
To turn MOB navigation off:
Press [GOTO], [3].
To recall the last registered MOB position, see section 8.8.
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Table of contents
MOB ‘MAN OVERBOARD’ function ............................. back of front cover
Chapter 1 Introduction and safety summary
1.1
Introduction and system familiarization ...................................... 1-1
1.2
Safety summary ........................................................................... 1-2
1.3
How to get started ........................................................................ 1-3
1.3.1
Dedicated function keys ............................................................... 1-4
1.3.2
Radar and radar functions............................................................ 1-6
1.3.3
Chart and chart functions............................................................. 1-6
1.3.4
Echosounder / Fishfinder ............................................................1-10
Chapter 2 Fundamentals and initial start-up
2.1
Fundamentals of the display and page system ............................. 2-1
2.1.1
Example of how to exchange a page in the PAGE system ........... 2-2
2.1.2
Example of how to select a new display in a custom screen........ 2-2
2.2
Key functions ............................................................................... 2-3
2.3
Menu bar....................................................................................... 2-5
2.4
Menu layout .................................................................................. 2-6
2.5
Choice of symbols ........................................................................ 2-7
2.6
Naming of routes, points etc......................................................... 2-7
2.7
Initial start-up ............................................................................... 2-7
2.8
Turn power on............................................................................... 2-9
2.9
Turn power off.............................................................................. 2-9
Chapter 3 Radar menu
3.
Radar operation ............................................................................ 3-1
3.1
Radar picture ................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.1
Orientation.................................................................................... 3-2
3.1.2
Effects of ship’s movement........................................................... 3-2
3.1.3
Environment effects ..................................................................... 3-3
3.1.4
Navigational echoes......................................................................3-4
3.1.5
Racon (Radar Beacon) .................................................................3-4
3.1.6
Sea return ..................................................................................... 3-5
3.1.7
Storm and rain squall returns....................................................... 3-5
3.1.8
Blind sectors or shadow effect ..................................................... 3-5
3.1.9
Side lobes...................................................................................... 3-6
3.1.10 Radar interference ........................................................................ 3-6
3.1.11 False echoes.................................................................................. 3-7
3.2
Radar menu .................................................................................. 3-8
3.2.1
Shortcut to the pages in the radar-series ...................................... 3-9
3.2.2
Initial radar display setup............................................................. 3-9
3.2.3
Start transmission....................................................................... 3-10
3.2.4
Shut down procedure for the radar function, or back to ‘Standby’.. 3-10
Table of contents
3.2.5
3.2.6
3.2.7
3.2.8
3.2.9
3.2.10
3.3
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Standard radar display ...................................................................... 3-11
Radar quick menu............................................................................. 3-17
RadarChart overlay...........................................................................3-19
Dual radar display ............................................................................3-24
Radar & Chart display......................................................................3-25
General features for the radar operation ..........................................3-26
Demo mode.......................................................................................3-28
Chapter 4 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.
Chart menu ................................................................................... 4-1
4.1
Shortcut to the pages in the chart-series ...................................... 4-1
4.1.1
Data field on chart........................................................................ 4-2
4.1.2
Ship symbol .................................................................................. 4-3
4.1.3
Cursor function ............................................................................ 4-3
4.1.4
Range or zoom function ...............................................................4-4
4.2
Dual Chart display........................................................................ 4-5
4.3
Chart split screens ........................................................................4-6
4.4
Chart quick menu ......................................................................... 4-7
4.4.1
Cursor inactive ............................................................................. 4-7
4.4.2
Cursor active but not placed on any object or data ...................... 4-8
4.4.3
Cursor placed on waypoint........................................................... 4-9
4.4.4
Cursor placed on route leg or line section.................................. 4-10
4.4.5
Cursor placed on routepoint or linepoint ....................................4-11
4.4.6
Cursor placed on trackpoint ....................................................... 4-12
4.4.7
Cursor placed on target .............................................................. 4-13
4.4.8
GOTO menu ............................................................................... 4-14
4.4.9
PLOT menu ................................................................................ 4-15
4.5
Chart setup ................................................................................. 4-17
4.5.1
Display modes in the chart setup ............................................... 4-18
4.5.2
Description of chart features ...................................................... 4-21
Chapter 5 Echo menu
5.
Echosounder operation ................................................................. 5-1
5.1
Echo menu .................................................................................... 5-2
5.2
Shortcut to the pages in the echo-series ....................................... 5-2
5.3
Standard echo display................................................................... 5-3
5.4
Variable range marker ..................................................................5-4
5.5
Echo quick menu .......................................................................... 5-5
5.6
Plot waypoint or event mark via PLOT menu .............................. 5-6
5.7
Presentation setup......................................................................... 5-7
5.8
How the echosounder works ...................................................... 5-10
5.9
Transducer beamwidth ................................................................5-11
5.10
Effects of the vessel’s speed ....................................................... 5-12
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Table of contents
Chapter 6 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.
Pilot menu..................................................................................... 6-1
6.1
Shortcut to the pages in the pilot-series ....................................... 6-1
6.2
Highway display and Navigation setup ........................................ 6-3
6.2.1
Highway display when navigation mode is active........................ 6-5
6.3
Position display.............................................................................6-6
6.4
Dual speed display (trawling speed display) ................................ 6-9
6.5
ETA & AVN ............................................................................... 6-10
6.6
Trim & Highway display ............................................................ 6-11
6.7
Set & Drift display ..................................................................... 6-12
6.8
Pilot split screens........................................................................ 6-13
6.9
Navigation examples .................................................................. 6-14
6.9.1
Cursor navigation ....................................................................... 6-14
6.9.2
Waypoint navigation................................................................... 6-15
6.9.3
Route navigation......................................................................... 6-16
6.9.4
Track navigation ......................................................................... 6-17
6.10
Anchor guard.............................................................................. 6-19
6.11
MOB alarm and navigation ........................................................ 6-19
Chapter 7 Miscellaneous menu
7.
Miscellaneous menu ..................................................................... 7-1
7.1
Wind display................................................................................. 7-1
7.2
Speed diagram.............................................................................. 7-3
7.3
Decca lanes................................................................................... 7-5
7.4
Loran C......................................................................................... 7-6
7.5
Satellite status............................................................................... 7-7
7.6
DGPS information........................................................................ 7-9
7.7
SDGPS information.....................................................................7-11
7.7.1
Satellites in SDGPS system.........................................................7-13
7.8
DSC VHF alarm..........................................................................7-14
7.9
Depth and temperature diagram..................................................7-15
Chapter 8 Waypoint / route menu
8.
Waypoint / route menu ................................................................. 8-1
8.1
Waypoints stored in the memory ................................................. 8-1
8.1.1
Delete waypoints via menu .......................................................... 8-2
8.2
Routes stored in the memory........................................................ 8-3
8.2.1
Delete route via menu................................................................... 8-6
8.2.2
Make new route from WP list ...................................................... 8-6
8.3
Route calculation .......................................................................... 8-8
8.4
Lines stored in the memory.......................................................... 8-9
8.4.1
Delete lines via menu ................................................................. 8-10
8.5
Start / stop track ..........................................................................8-11
8.6
Tracks stored in the memory...................................................... 8-12
Table of contents
8.6.1
8.7
8.7.1
8.8
8.9
8.9.1
8.10
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Delete tracks via menu ............................................................... 8-13
Targets stored in the memory......................................................8-14
Delete target via menu................................................................ 8-15
MOB data ................................................................................... 8-15
Data transfer via DataCard or disc..............................................8-16
List of criteria for data transfer in the Action column ............... 8-19
Data transfer via PC interface .................................................... 8-20
Chapter 9 Setup menu
9.
Setup menu ................................................................................... 9-1
9.1
Radar setup................................................................................... 9-1
9.2
C-MAP cartridges ........................................................................ 9-5
9.3
Echosounder setup........................................................................ 9-6
9.4
Pilot / Position setup ..................................................................... 9-9
9.5
Speed alarm, units & language ...................................................9-11
9.6
Interface setup ............................................................................ 9-13
9.6.1
Description of sentences............................................................. 9-23
9.7
Palette setup................................................................................ 9-25
9.8
Factory settings .......................................................................... 9-26
9.9
QuickGuide ................................................................................ 9-28
Chapter 10 Troubleshooting, Maintenance and Service
10.1
Troubleshooting.......................................................................... 10-1
10.2
Preventive maintenance.............................................................. 10-3
10.3
Repair and service ...................................................................... 10-3
10.4
Specifications ............................................................................. 10-4
Appendix A Glossary of terms ...................................................................A-1
Appendix B List of datum ..........................................................................B-1
Appendix C C-MAP attributes...................................................................C-1
Index
.............................................................................. end of manual
Declarations of conformity ....................................................... end of manual
International warranty .............................................................. end of manual
List of Simrad distributors........................................................ end of manual
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
Chapter 1-1
1.1 Introduction and system familiarization
Congratulations on your purchase of SIMRAD CA34/44/54 MultiRadar - a
combination of the latest GPS and SDGPS receiver technology and optional
built-in differential receiver for accurate positioning, plus: detailed cartography and high performance radar and echosounder technology; all in a unique
slim-line design with a bright 7” TFT (CA34), 10” ATFT/TFT (CA44) or 15”
TFT (CA54) color display.
The radar system with RadarChart overlay, dual EBL and VRM markers,
direct Quick-range keys, off-center mode, etc. together with Dual Radar feature ... two radar displays in one screen, one for short range and one for long
distance observations.
The electronic chart system includes a built-in world chart for rough planning and overview. The choice of chart system best suitable for the CA34/44/
54 was carefully singled out to be the C-MAP NT+ mini cards. The optional
C-MAP charts are available world-wide at your local Simrad dealer.
The echosounder system with selectable frequencies will provide an impression of Bottom expansion, VRM expansion, Shift, A-scope and White line.
The Global Positioning System is at this time and age the most common
system used for navigation and positioning all over the world. Not only for
maritime use, but also for land-based applications and aviation. The satellite-based system has been developed and is operated by the US Department
of Defense in order to provide an accurate and reliable service, which include
a 24-hour global coverage. The GPS system consists of approx. 24 satellites
which orbit around the Earth at an altitude of approx. 20,200 km.
The satellites transmit perfectly synchronized data. However, depending on
the position, the signals will reach the receiver at a slightly different time. By
adding the measured time difference to the known position of the satellites it
is possible to calculate the ship’s position to within a few meters.
The SimNet data and control network provides high speed data transfer and
control between Simrad products that are integrated as a total navigation,
steering and communication system on board.
DS34/44/54 Dual Station for the CA34/44/54 is available with a bright 7”
TFT, 10” ATFT/TFT or 15” TFT color display. The main unit and the dual station are identical in design and operation.
How to use this manual? This manual is written for the products: CA34,
CA44 and CA54, which mainly share the same type of software. From hereon,
these models will be referred to as: CAXX.
Chapter 1-2
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
It is a good idea if you make yourself familiar with the key functions, menu
structure and rotation of pages (screens) described in chapter 2 before you
start out, and then proceed with section 2.7 Initial start-up. For quick location
of a certain term, please check the “Glossary of terms” and the “Index” at the
back of the manual. Also, “How to get started” further on in this chapter will
give you a quick introduction to some of the features you have access to in
your new MultiRadar.
The display examples shown in this manual are not always an exact copy of
what you will see on the screen, as the presentation depends on your system
configuration and choices of setup. How to interpret special marked key symbols etc. in the manual:
+/-
1,3
Either the + (plus) or - (minus) key may be applied.
Emphasizes important points.
Indicates that you should press the keys [1] and [3] to obtain what is
written in italic next to the key.
1.2 Safety summary
Precaution: Do not open the equipment, only qualified persons should work
inside the equipment. If the glass in the screen breaks, be carefull not to get
cut on the sharp edges of the glass pieces.
The lifetime of the internal battery is minimum 5 years. If not exchanged
before it goes flat, all data in the unit’s memory will be lost. We strongly
recommend that you frequently store your data on a Simrad DataCard. For
exchange of battery, call your local Simrad workshop.
Power source, fuse and power cable: Check that the DC power supplied to
the unit is within the range of 10 to 32 volts. Note that the appropriate fuse
must be employed (see the fuse rating in section 10.4 Specifications). Ensure
that the power cord is firmly attached.
Grounding: To reduce electrical interference and risk of electrical shock,
properly ground the unit to the ship’s ground using the ground screw at the
rear of the unit. Good grounding should also be exercised for connected equipment, refer to separate Installation manual.
Cleaning: Do not use any kind of strong solvents e.g. spirit, alcohol, gasoline or oils.
Software: The software version of the main unit (see start-up display) should
always be informed in a service situation, or when ordering a Dual Station.
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
Chapter 1-3
1.3 How to get started
When starting up for the very first time, the first time after loading
a new software or after a master reset: Make sure that all hardware
installation and electrical connections are completed in accordance
to the installation instructions.
PWR
Press and hold the [PWR] key until you have a picture on the screen
The system will perform a software update and check for communication activity. When finished, a new start-up window will be
presented on the screen:
Automatic input source setup
Interface has not been set up!
∆
To start automatic input
source setup, make sure that
all connected products are
turned ON, and press ENT.
∆
Start ENT
After making sure that all connected products are turned ON:
ENT
Press [ENT] to start automatic input source setup, - if a new product
is connected later on, refer to section 9.6 Interface setup.
New window: Automatic input source setup listing Data type, Group
and Source of connected units.
ENT
PAGE
ENT
Press [ENT] to continue
Press [PAGE] to scroll through a quick guide which informs of the
use of the keys and where you can enter owner’s setup, etc.
- the quick guide is also accessible via [MENU], [7], [5].
Press [ENT] when ready to assume normal operation
- go to [MENU], [7], [2] if you wish to make adjustments to the
interface setup.
Chapter 1-4
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
Heading is only available if a compass was detected at start-up.
Your present position will automatically be updated within a few minutes. When ready, the ship symbol on the chart will flash, the position
coordinates will stop flashing, and the *** will be replaced by actual
course and speed figures.
1.3.1 Dedicated function keys
RADAR
Short press will toggle overlay on/off:
The toggle function will require:
1. Valid position.
2. Valid heading from compass
3. Orientation set to NU
- refer to section 3.2.7.
Radar display
RADAR
Long press will toggle between:
Radar display
CHART
RadarChart overlay
Dual Radar
Radar & Chart
Custom screen
Short press will toggle between:
Chart + data field placed either at the right side or at the top, and echo data.
CHART
Long press will toggle between:
Chart display
Dual Chart
Custom screen1
Custom screen2
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
ECHO
Long press will toggle between:
Echo + A-scope
PILOT
Chapter 1-5
Dual frequencies
(CA44/54)
Custom screen1
Custom screen2
Short press will toggle between:
Highway
Position
Dual Speed
Set & Drift
When navigation mode is active,
these two displays will be included:
ETA & AVN
PILOT
Long press will toggle between:
Highway
PAGE
Trim & Highway
Custom screen1
Custom screen2
Short press will toggle between active pages under the main function
keys. Long press will start a rotation of the 4 pages (section 2.1).
Chapter 1-6
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
1.3.2 Radar and radar functions
RADAR
Press the [RADAR] key to call up a radar display. Press again to
toggle between the radar shortcut series
- see display examples in section 1.3.1.
To start the radar
1. Press [ENT], [RADAR] to initiate a warming up period of two minutes
(countdown of 120 seconds), and then the radar will go in Standby mode.
2. Press [ENT], [GOTO] to start transmission.
Select and adjust radar range
Press one of the numeric keys 1 - 9 to select a fixed range. Key 9 will select
the largest range and key 1 the smallest.
ENT
Press [ENT] to call up the Radar quick menu with access to e.g.
Overlay Chart, Overlay User Data, activate EBL-VRM cursors, start
and stop radar transmission, etc.
EBL
Toggle the EBL-VRM1 cursors on/off directly from the [EBL] key.
CLR
Turn off cursor. Long press on [CLR] will turn off all cursors on the
radar screen.
ADJ
The [ADJ] key will open for adjustment of the radar parameters.
Use the cursor or the [ADJ] key to move around in the control panel;
toggle between available values with the +/- keys or enter new values
with the numeric keys. Press [ENT] to exit control panel.
In the Dual Radar display: after pressing the [ADJ] key to access the
control panel, only half of the parameters will be visible. By pressing
[ADJ] again will toggle between the 1st and 2nd half of the control
panel.
1.3.3 Chart and chart functions
CHART
Press the [CHART] key to call up a chart display. Press again to
toggle between the chart shortcut series
- see chart examples in section 1.3.1.
C-MAP cartridges (standby)
Press [MENU], [7], [CHART] whenever inserting or removing a C-MAP card.
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
Chapter 1-7
Select and adjust chart range/scale
Press one of the numeric keys 1 - 9 to select a fixed range (and chart level).
Key 9 will select the largest range and key 1 the smallest. Use the +/- keys to
adjust range in smaller steps.
Chart cursor and info windows
Press the cursor key to activate the cross hair cursor on the chart. Place the
cursor on a C-MAP object e.g. a buoy or light to call up a small data window
with details on the object. The data window will stay on screen for about 10
seconds or till cursor is moved. Press [ENT], [2] to access further details on
C-MAP objects or user data i.e. waypoints, routes, etc.
Press [ENT], [5] to lock cursors in Dual Chart screen and [ENT], [5] to
release cursors again. Press [CLR] to switch off cursor function. The ship
symbol will now automatically ‘home’ and stay on screen.
Find nearest tide station and port services
1. Press [ENT], [3]
2. Move cursor up/down to select e.g. the Port/Marina symbol
3. Locate alternative port with the +/- keys, and press [ENT]
4. Press [ENT], [2] for more details on the facilities at the selected port.
Navigate to cursor (point and go)
1. Move the cursor to where you wish to go (first point)
2. Press [GOTO]
3. Press [1] to start navigation.
You can now move the cursor to the next point and when ready to change leg,
just press [GOTO], [2].
How to plot or insert waypoints and marks
• With cursor OFF (press [CLR])
Press [PLOT] and choose from:
[PLOT] Plot ship’s position as mark.
[1]
Insert ship’s position. You can change the lat/lon figures, the symbol
and the symbol’s size and color.
[3]
Insert specific waypoint. Suggested name, symbol, etc. can be altered.
[6]
Plot ship’s position as target.
• With cursor activated on the chart you also have access to:
[2]
Plot waypoint - cursor position.
[6]
Plot cursor position as target.
Chapter 1-8
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
How to make a route on the chart
1. Place the cursor on the position for the first routepoint.
2. Press [PLOT], [4]: Make route.
3. Move cursor to next destination and press [PLOT] - (repeat).
4. Press [ENT] when ready to save the route. You can enter a new name for the
route, change type and color for the course line.
5. Press [ENT] to accept and save the route.
How to make a route from existing waypoints stored in the WP list
1. Press [MENU], [6], [2] to call up the route list.
2. Press [CLR] Make new route from WP list.
3. Move cursor up/down to select the WP position for the first routepoint, and
press [PLOT].
4. Repeat point 3 to add new WP positions to the route (the last routepoint in
the right column is always empty, allowing that a new final routepoint can
be added later on).
5. When the route is completed, press [ENT] to accept and go to Edit route.
6. In the Edit route display, you can give the route a new name, change type
and color for the course line, etc.
7. Press [ENT] to accept changes and save the route.
8. Press [MENU] to go to the route list, which will provide an overall view of
the total of routes stored in the CAXX.
How to edit a route - rubberbanding
• To move a point on the chart:
1. Place cursor on the point you wish to move.
2. Press [ENT], [1], [2].
3. Move cursor to new location.
4. Press [ENT] to complete.
• To insert a new point on the chart:
1. Place cursor on the leg where the new point is to be inserted.
2. Press [ENT], [1], [2].
3. Move cursor to where the new routepoint is to be placed.
4. Press [ENT] to complete.
How to start waypoint navigation (two ways)
• Place cursor on the symbol of the WP you wish to go to:
1. Press [GOTO], [2].
2. Press [ENT] to start navigation.
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
Chapter 1-9
• Without placing cursor on the symbol of the WP you wish to go to:
1. Press [GOTO], [2].
2. Use the +/- keys to select the WP you wish to go to.
3. Press [ENT] to start navigation.
How to start route navigation (two ways)
• Place cursor on the routepoint you wish to go to first:
1. Press [GOTO], [3].
2. Select direction in route: Forward or Reverse.
3. Press [ENT] to start navigation.
• Without placing cursor on the routepoint you wish to go to first:
1. Press [GOTO], [3].
2. Use the +/- keys to select the name of the route.
3. Use the cursor to go to routepoint number, and select which one you wish to
go to first by means of the +/- keys.
4. Select direction in route: Forward or Reverse.
5. Press [ENT] to start navigation.
Advance or stop navigation
• Press [GOTO], [1] to advance to next point in the route.
• Press [GOTO], [3] to stop navigation.
Start and stop track
1. Press [PLOT], [7] to call up ‘Start track’ window.
2. Before tracking is started, you can give the track a new name, make
changes to track interval, track line type and color.
3. Press [ENT] to start track.
4. When you wish to stop tracking, press [PLOT], [8], [ENT].
Chapter 1-10
CA34/44/54 Introduction and safety summary
1.3.4 Echosounder / Fishfinder
ECHO
Press the [ECHO] key to call up an echosounder display. Press
again to toggle between the echo shortcut series
- see display examples in section 1.3.1.
Select and adjust echosounder range
Press one of the numeric keys 1 - 9 to select a fixed range. Key 9 will select
the largest range and key 1 the smallest. Use the +/- keys to adjust range in
smaller steps. Key 0 will select Auto Range.
A-scope - Press [ENT], [2] to toggle A-scope on/off. The strength of the
actual echo is indicated by both width and color intensity.
Change frequency - Press [ENT], [1] to toggle between e.g. 50 and 200 kHz.
Gain - Adjust gain with cursor left/right to just below the point where you
begin to see speckles of ‘noise’ on the screen.
Bottom lock display* - Press [ENT], [4] Bottom lock is a combination of
standard echo display and extended area around the bottom.
Zoom display* - Press [ENT], [5] The expansion is a combination of standard echo display and extended area around the VRM - Variable Range Marker.
Shift display* - Press [ENT], [6] when operating in deep waters.
Select the range for an expansion window. The expansion window can automatically follow a changing bottom or be set manually by the +/- keys.
*Return to standard echosounder display by pressing [ENT], [3].
Echo setup (presentation) - Press [ADJ] from echo display to access the
setup display for either 38 (CA44/54), 50 or 200 kHz. Press [ENT] to confirm
changes, or leave the setup without having made any changes by pressing
[MENU].
Echosounder setup - Press [MENU], [7], [ECHO] when you need to make
any general settings, selecting a transducer or selecting demo mode etc.
Transmit power off - Press [ENT], [ECHO] to stop transmission in order to
observe noise picked up by the transducer or to reduce power consumption.
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Chapter 2-1
SIMRAD CA44
2.1 Fundamentals of the display and page system
The CA34/44/54 MultiRadar has a multi-function screen and data
presentation system with full screen and different types of split
screens. The series of pages under the function keys (situated in a
vertical row to the right of the display) will in most situations be sufficient information for the operator.
In split screens consisting of up to four displays, the active display
is indicated by a solid red frame. Use the [WIN] key to clockwise
toggle between which display on the screen is active. Only active
displays are operable.
The [PAGE] key differs from the other function keys. There are four
pages under the [PAGE] key which can be set up to the presentation
you prefer by exchanging an existing display in the PAGE system
with a new one selected from a function key or via the menu - see
next page. Single press on the [PAGE] key will toggle between the
active pages under the function keys e.g.:
Radar display
Chart with
data field
Echo display
with A-scope
Highway display
Chapter 2-2
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Long press on the [PAGE] key will start
a rotation of the four pages in intervals of
5 seconds (increase/decrease the time in
[MENU], [7], [1]). Press any key to stop
rotation.
2.1.1 Example of how to exchange a page in the PAGE system
The four pages in the PAGE system are collected from the RADAR,
CHART, ECHO and PILOT menus in the sequence of which the
function keys appear on the keypad ie. the first page is from the
RADAR function, the second page is from the CHART function, the
third page is from the ECHO function, and the fourth page is from
the PILOT function. This sequence can not be changed, only the
choice of display collected from each function can be changed e.g.:
PAGE
Press the [PAGE] key until the full screen Chart display appears
MENU
Call up the menu bar, and...
2,2
collect the Dual Chart display
- or you can toggle between the available displays in the CHART
function by pressing (long press) the [CHART] key repeatedly.
The same applies for the other three pages in the PAGE system ie.
press the [PAGE] key until a display from the RADAR, ECHO or
PILOT function appears and then collect a new display from the
appropriate menu.
The display sequence under the function keys is the same as the
display sequence in the matching menu.
2.1.2 Example of how to select a new display in a custom screen
In custom screens with multiple window combinations, all displays, which are not main function displays, are exchangeable. It is
also possible to change the right half of the screen from half screen
window to two quarter windows and vice versa. Example:
MENU
Call up the menu bar, and...
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Chapter 2-3
Highlight a function e.g. Route calculation in the WP/RTE menu.
WIN
Press [WIN] several times to check the screen image (situated to the
far right in the top line of the menu bar) which windows the function
can be placed into
ENT
Press [ENT] to enter the highlighted function into the highlighted
window
If the function text in the menu is red, the display will not be available for the selected window.
2.2 Key functions
Some of the key functions are general and can be applied at any
time, other key functions are related to a certain menu(s) and can
only be applied when in the appropriate menu.
MOB
Press for two seconds to activate the MOB - “Man overboard” function.
MENU
Turns the menu bar on/off. Exits any data display without taking any
action (except the radar function).
ENT
Confirms insertion and editing of data (except the radar function).
Calls up quick menus, and information on marks, waypoints, etc. on
chart together with several INFO windows from a chart display.
Moves cursor in data displays and charts + activates cursor on chart
and radar. Moves left/right/up/down in the menu system. Adjusts
gain (left/right), activates and moves VRM (up/down) in echo display.
+/-
Changes radar, chart or echosounder range i.e. + (plus) zooms out
for better overview (larger range) and - (minus) zooms in for greater
details (smaller range). Toggles between available values.
GOTO
Activates GOTO menu with choice of navigation modes, etc.
PLOT
Activates PLOT menu with choice of plotting and inserting waypoints, routes, lines etc. together with starting or stopping a track of
own ship.
Chapter 2-4
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
RADAR
Shortcut to Radar functions. Short press will toggle overlay on/off.
Long press will toggle between Radar display in full screen, Dual
Radar, Radar & Chart, and a custom screen.
CHART
Shortcut to Chart function. Short press will toggle between different data fields on chart. Long press will toggle between Chart in full
screen, Dual Chart, and two custom screens.
ECHO
Shortcut to Echosounder functions. Long press will toggle between
Echo display in full screen with A-scope, Dual Frequency (CA44/
54), and two custom screens.
PILOT
Shortcut to Pilot displays. With navigation mode inactive: short
press will toggle between Highway, Position, Dual Speed and Set &
Drift displays. With navigation mode active: short press will toggle
between Highway, Position, Dual Speed, ETA & AVN, Trim &
Highway, and Set & Drift displays. Long press will toggle between
Pilot full screen and two custom screens.
PAGE
Toggles between active pages under the four main function keys
i.e. [RADAR], [CHART], [ECHO] and [PILOT]. Long press starts
automatic rotation of these pages. Press any key to stop rotation.
ADJ
Gives access to setup displays related to active display. Scrolls
through adjustable parameters.
EBL
Toggles EBL-VRM1 on/off. The Electronic Bearing Lines may be displayed in either degrees Relative “R” (to ship’s centerline) or True “T”
(Relative to north), depending on the selected orientation (HU or NU).
WIN
Toggles between active windows in split screen. The active window
will have a solid red frame. Only active windows are operable.
0-9
The alphanumeric keys inserts and selects data in data displays.
Keys 1-9 are also Quick-range keys, which each represent a fixed
radar, chart or echosounder range. Key 0 will center the cursor/ship
on the chart, activate auto range in sounder mode, and activate/
deactivate ‘off-center to cursor’ on the radar display.
CLR
Deletes data in enter or edit mode. Turns cursor off in active display.
Long press will turn off all active cursors on radar display.
From radar control menu: Returns Tune, Gain or Sea to AUTOmatic
mode, and clears the EBL and VRM readings.
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
PWR
Chapter 2-5
Power on - hold key depressed till you have a picture on the screen.
Calls up a window where you can adjust the brightness in the screen,
background light in keypad, and select Daylight displays, Night
display or custom made color palettes. Hold two seconds to turn the
power off.
2.3 Menu bar
MENU
Toggles the menu bar on/off
To fit the complete menu bar across the screen, some of the menus
have been abbreviated. However, the last selected menu will be highlighted, and if it’s an abbreviation of the menu, then the complete
menu title is written above the menu bar.
WIN
MISCELLANEOUS
1
RADAR
2
CHART
3
ECHO
4
PILOT
5
MISC
6
WP/RTE
1
Wind
2
Speed diagram, etc.
7
SETUP
Having selected e.g. 5:MISC from the menu bar, its associated menus will
drop down. Key in the number next to the function you wish to call forward,
or use the cursor key to highlight the function and press [ENT].
If you want to switch to a different menu, use the cursor key left/right to move
to the adjacent menu.
Most functions in the menus are general, and can be called forward at any
time. Functions not currently available will have a different color from the rest
of the functions. Not all functions are available in any window size i.e. full
screen, half screen or quarter window. Use the [WIN] key to toggle between
the windows in which the highlighted function can be presented. Keep an eye
on the functions in the menu to see how they may change color as you toggle
from window to window.
The menu bar will disappear from the screen at the selection of a function, or
by pressing the [MENU] key. Besides, if not used, it automatically turns off
after 30 seconds.
Chapter 2-6
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
2.4 Menu layout
1
2
3
RADAR
CHART
ECHO
1 Radar
1 Chart
1 50kHz
2 Dual Radar
2 Dual Chart
2 200kHz
3 Radar & Chart
3 Custom screen 1
3 Dual Frequency (44/54)
4 Custom screen
4 Custom screen 2
4 Custom screen 1
5 Custom screen 2
4
5
6
PILOT
MISC
WP/RTE
1 Highway
1 Wind
1 Waypoints
2 Position
2 Speed diagram
2 Routes
3 Dual Speed
3 Decca lanes
3 Route calculation
4 ETA & AVN
4 Loran C
4 Lines
5 Trim & Highway
5 Satellites
5 Tracks
6 Set & Drift
6 DGPS
6 Targets
7 Custom screen 1
7 SDGPS
7 MOB data
8 Custom screen 2
8 DSC info
8 Data transfer
9 Depth & Temp. diagram
7
SETUP
RADAR Radar setup
2 Interface setup
CHART C-MAP cartridge
3 Palette setup
ECHO Echosounder setup
4 Factory settings
PILOT Pilot/Position setup
5 QuickGuide
1 Speed alarm, units &
language
When selecting a submenu in the SETUP
menu, the display will
always appear in a
pop-up window, so once
you have accepted the
changes or decided to
just exit the display, then
the display will disappear
from the screen.
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Chapter 2-7
2.5 Choice of symbols
Waypoints and other points appearing on the screen can be marked by one of
18 symbols + 8 event marks in small or large symbols:
2.6 Naming of routes, points etc.
First select the key with the desired letter, then you can either repeat the
keystrokes, which will toggle between e.g. A,B,C,1, or once you have selected
one letter you can go back and forth in the alphabet by means of the +/- keys.
Use the cursor key to go to next space or to go back one space if you make a
mistake.
Depending on the selected language, the 0 (zero) key will hold special characters e.g. Æ Ø Å Ä Ö Ü Ñ, and the 9 (nine) key will hold: . - (empty space)
Press the [CLR] key to delete everything from cursor position and to the right
of cursor in that row.
2.7 Initial start-up
When starting up for the very first time, the first time after loading
a new software or after a master reset: Make sure that all hardware
installation and electrical connections are completed in accordance
to the installation instructions.
PWR
Press and hold the [PWR] key until you have a picture on the screen
The system will perform a software update and when finished, a
new start-up window will be presented on the screen (see example
on next page).
Chapter 2-8
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Automatic input source setup
Interface has not been set up!
∆
To start automatic input
source setup, make sure that
all connected products are
turned ON, and press ENT.
∆
Start ENT
After making sure that all connected products are turned ON:
ENT
Press [ENT] to start automatic input source setup, - if a new product
is connected later on, refer to section 9.6 Interface setup.
New window: Automatic input source setup listing Data type, Group
and Source of connected units.
ENT
PAGE
ENT
Press [ENT] to continue
Press [PAGE] to scroll through a quick guide which informs of the
use of the keys and where you can enter owner’s setup, etc.
- the quick guide is also accessible via [MENU], [7], [5].
Press [ENT] when ready to assume normal operation
- go to [MENU], [7], [2] if you wish to make adjustments to the
interface setup.
Heading is only available if a compass was detected at start-up.
PWR
Press [PWR] again to adjust the lighting in the screen and select day
or night display etc., move around in display by means of the cursor
key and change settings with +/- keys, and...
ENT
Confirm with [ENT]
Your present position will automatically be updated within a few minutes. When ready, the ship symbol on the chart will flash, the position
coordinates will stop flashing, and the *** will be replaced by actual
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
Chapter 2-9
course and speed figures - see section 6.3 Position display.
Do not start radar transmission before the antenna is warmed up, refer
to section 3.2.3 Start transmission.
Select display language:
MENU
7,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [7], [1] to call up the language display
Press up on the cursor to go to the bottom line in the display
+/-
Select language
ENT
Confirm entry
2.8 Turn power on
Starting up for the first time, or after loading a new software, or
after a master reset - see section 2.7. Starting up at any other time:
PWR
To turn on the CAXX, press and hold the [PWR] key until you have a
picture on the screen
ENT
Press [ENT] when the system is ready
2.9 Turn power off
PWR
Call up INFO window, and...
PWR
Press and hold until the curtains begin to close
The CAXX is now turned off. All the data and setups are saved and
stored in the internal memory and, of course, will be available next
time the unit is turned on.
Chapter 2-10
CA34/44/54 Fundamentals & initial start-up
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-1
3. Radar operation
The CAXX combines chart plotting with radar navigation. For first
time users of Radar, we have included a basic description of the
radar presentation with a basic understanding of how the controls
affect the radar’s operation and display.
The following paragraphs describe the control settings used for
initial display setup, turn-on procedure, inclement weather operation
and finally the turn off procedure. Radar controls are described in
chapter 3.2.
3.1 Radar picture
The radar picture appearing on the display is a map-like representation of the area in which the radar is operating. Typically, the ship’s
position is at the center of the display. The operator may reposition
or offset the ship’s position up to 66% of the radius anywhere on the
screen. The ship’s dead ahead bearing is indicated by the heading
line at the 0° relative bearing.
Coastline contours and landmass are generally depicted in solid
filled yellow, purple, multi-colored (DAY settings) or green (NIGHT
settings) echo areas - choose colors in Pallette setup, section 9.7.
Other surface vessels, and channel buoys, are displayed as smaller
single “blips” or echoes. The radar picture or map can be viewed in
many different ranges from own ship. These sizes are selected by
the range controls. Greater detail of radar echoes nearby own ship is
shown when the short or nearby range scales are selected. The best
technique for assessing the radar presentation characteristics is to
start with using a longer range scale and then switching to shorter
ranges when nearby targets appear, or as the ship approaches the
coastline, harbor, or other vessels in the area.
The long range scales (i.e. 3, 6, 12, 24nm) best show the overview of
the ship’s relationship to landmasses, weather fronts, and large ship
targets at or beyond view.
Chapter 3-2
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
3.1.1 Orientation
In the RELATIVE mode, the heading line always appears on the
screen at 0° relative according to the on-screen bearing scale, and is
coincident with the antenna beam passing the ship’s bow. Thus the
top of the displayed picture represents the direction in which the ship
is heading.
All targets appearing on the display are “Relative” to own ship’s
position and heading. As you look outside at targets around you, you
will see that the targets are appearing on the Radar display at the
same relative bearing.
If the vessel alters course to the right, the displayed echoes will
be displaced by an equal amount in bearing in a counterclockwise
direction, and vice versa. These changes in the display pattern with
ship movement is an extremely important characteristic to remember
when maneuvering around nearby vessels, or buoys.
In North Up mode, the heading line will indicate the ship’s heading
in relation to the radar picture, which is presented in north up like a
chart.
The Electronic Bearing Lines (EBL) are available radar tools used
to measure bearings to radar targets from own ship. The bearing
readouts may be in relative or true modes.
3.1.2 Effects of ship’s movement
Radar images can be drawn in two ways on the radar display to
show the ship’s motion. The type of display modes are called “Relative motion” and “True motion”. In Relative motion own ship is
permanently fixed at the center of the display and radar echoes
(targets) move in relation to your vessel. With no movement of the
ship, a steady display of fixed radar echoes is shown. If the ship is
moving ahead on a constant course, echoes appearing at the top of
the display will move downward across the display. Your own ship’s
position will always remain at the center of the display.
The True motion display mode can be compared to your vessel
moving on a map or chart. In True motion mode, the surrounding
landmass echoes remain stationary on the screen and if your ship
is moving at a constant course and speed, you will see your posi-
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-3
tion move across the screen towards the edge of the display. Any
other targets which are underway will also be moving on the display
screen at their True course and True speed. All motion seen on the
True motion display is “TRUE” (meaning motion over the ground).
3.1.3 Environmental effects
The effects of weather and water surface conditions generally act to
reduce the ability of radar to detect targets. Weather effects reduce
the long range at which targets can be detected. Water surface clutter (waves) reduces the ability to detect targets close by. Either can
obscure the echoes from targets that may prove dangerous to your
vessel.
You can’t see wind on your radar screen, however you can see its
effects when it produces waves and spray on the water surface. “Sea
Return” is most pronounced in the direction from which the wind is
blowing. Proper use of your Sea clutter control can reduce the effect
of wind and waves, but care must be taken not to increase the control
to the point where weak targets will be overlooked.
Rain, hail and snow can return echoes that appear on your radar
screen as a blurred or cluttered area. Targets within the area of
precipitation can be masked by the clutter. The maximum range of
the radar pulse is greatly reduced as the energy of the radar beam
is scattered and absorbed by the water droplets. Proper use of your
Rain clutter control helps you to look into areas of precipitation to
detect targets.
Buoys are moored to the bottom with concrete via chain. The chain
is longer than the depth of the water to allow the buoys to ride in the
current and go up and down with the tide. Unfortunately this allows
the buoys to lean in the direction of the current. Radar reflectors
built into the buoy do not work well when the side of the buoy is
pointed to the sky. Therefore, the images of the channel markers may
appear faint.
The iron mass and angles of the metal in the structure of a bridge
can cause unpredictable interference patterns on your radar. It is
not unusual for a reflected image to appear on the radar screen in
front of you just as you pass under the bridge. A similar effect is also
common on sailboats where the radar antenna is mounted close to an
aluminum mast.
Chapter 3-4
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Overhead cable crossings can mimic a moving target on your radar
screen. The cable target can appear to be on a collision course. The
entire length of cable does not appear on the screen, only a point
on the cable, and that point keeps changing giving the illusion of a
moving target.
3.1.4 Navigational echoes
Echoes displayed on the radar screen may be large or small, bright
or faint, depending on the size and shape of the object and its angle
relative to your radar antenna. The radar indication is not always the
same as an observer’s visual indication; a nearby small object may
appear to be the same size as a distant large object on the radar. With
experience, however, different targets can be identified by the relative size, brightness, and position of their radar echo returns.
Buoys and small boats are one example of targets that are sometimes
difficult to distinguish from each other. Their movement in the
waves do not present a consistent reflecting surface. Consequently,
their echoes have a tendency to fade and brighten or sometimes
to disappear momentarily. Although buoys and small boats often
resemble each other, usually the motion of one target identifies the
boat from the buoy.
High coastlines and mountainous coastal regions are often observed
at the longest ranges of the radar. However, the first sight of landfill
on the radar’s longest ranges may be a mountain several miles inland
from the coastline and not the actual coastline. The coastline may
not appear on the radar until the vessel has approached land nearer
the line of sight distance.
3.1.5 Racon (Radar Beacon)
A racon is a radar transponder which emits a characteristic signal
when triggered by a ship’s radar. The signal may be emitted on the
same frequency as that of the triggering radar, in which case it is
superimposed on the ship’s radar screen automatically.
The racon signal appears on the screen as a radial line originating
at a point just beyond the position of the radar beacon or as a Morse
code signal displayed radially from just beyond the beacon.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-5
3.1.6 Sea return
Not all radar echoes are produced by hard navigation items such
as boats, buoys and land. Some radar echoes may be received from
irregularities on the surface of the water, particularly at close range by
breaking wavecrests, particularly in windy weather and in heavy seas.
These echoes appear on the radar screen on the short range scales
as multiple small echoes next to own ship. Under high winds and
extreme conditions the echoes from sea clutter may appear as dense
background of clutter forming the shape of an almost solid disc,
as far as one to three miles in all directions from own ship, but the
worst direction is where the wind is blowing towards the ship. The
radar has a sea clutter control, which can be used to minimize the
effects of sea clutter pickup on the screen.
3.1.7 Storm and rain squall returns
The radar can also see echoes from rain or snow. Echoes from rain
squalls consist of countless small echoes, continuously changing in
size, intensity, and position. These returns sometimes appear as large
hazy areas on the display depending on the intensity of the rainfall
or snow in the storm cell. The cells usually may be visible at long
distances due to their high altitude above the radar horizon and are
very helpful for observing potential bad weather conditions. If the
returns from rain squalls are not desired, the Rain clutter control can
be adjusted to minimize the effect on the radar screen.
3.1.8 Blind sectors or shadow effect
Funnels, masts or derricks, (when located near the antenna array)
may cause shadows. Shadow areas can be recognized since beyond
the obstruction there will be a reduction of targets and noise intensity, although not necessarily a complete cutoff seen on the screen.
However, if the shadow angle is more than a few degrees, there will
be a blind sector.
In some shadow sectors the beam intensity may not be sufficient to
obtain an echo from a very small object even at close range, despite
the fact that a large vessel can be detected at a much greater range.
For this reason, the angular width and relative bearing of any shadow
sector should be determined at installation. Sometimes shadowing
can be seen on the screen by increasing the radar gain until noise is
Chapter 3-6
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
present. Darker sectors indicate possible shadowed areas. This information should be posted near the display unit, and operators must be
alert for objects in these blind sectors.
3.1.9 Side lobes
Echoes on the radar screen are not always the direct returns to the
radar antenna. There are many types of false echoes that can appear
on the display if certain conditions occur. The sections that follow,
briefly describe the echo patterns that may be produced by these
false echoes and their likely cause. It should be noted that the radar
operator, through observation, practice, and experience usually can
detect these conditions very quickly.
A very small part of the RF (Radio Frequency) energy from each
transmitted pulse is radiated outside the radar’s narrow beam, producing side lobe patterns. Side lobes normally have no effect from
distant or small surface objects, but the echo from a large object at
short range may produce an arc pattern on the radar screen similar
to a range ring, or appear as a series of echoes forming a broken arc.
Side lobe echoes normally occur at a range below 3 miles and usually can be reduced through careful reduction of the Gain or proper
adjustment of the Sea clutter control.
3.1.10 Radar interference
Whenever two or more radar equipped vessels are operating within
reception range of each other, mutual interference is likely when the
radars are operating near the same frequencies. This interference
usually appears on the screen as a series of small dots. The interference seems to move from the PPI center (center of radar screen),
sometimes in a straight line, but more often in a long, sweeping
curve. This type of interference is more noticeable on longer range
scales. This does not, as a rule, impair the effectiveness of the radar
as a navigational aid. Since the interference can be completely eliminated by turning IR “ON” in the function menu. The IR feature is
normally left “on”.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-7
3.1.11 False echoes
Occasionally, echoes may appear on the screen at positions where
there is no actual target. This type of target is called a False Echo.
Sometimes they are known as Ghost Images, Indirect Echoes or
Multiple Echoes depending on how they are generated.
Ghost images usually have the appearance of true echoes, but, in
general, they are intermittent and poorly defined. A true ghost image
retains a fixed relationship with respect to the true image and characteristically produces a more arc-like appearance with a tendency
to smear on the screen. Ghost images are sometimes caused by large
targets which have a wide, smooth surface as they pass by near your
own ship.
Ghost images sometimes are referred to as indirect echoes. Indirect
echoes may appear when there is a large target, such as a passing
ship at a short range, or a reflecting surface, such as a funnel or
spotlight on your own ship in line with the antenna. The signal, on
first striking the smooth side of the large target, will be reflected,
and these subsequent echo returns to the antenna are shown on the
display. However, the same reflection may also hit other masts or
obstacles and then be picked up by the radar antenna with enough
strength to appear as a target on the radar screen at various locations.
Multiple echoes could appear if there is a large target having a wide
vertical surface to your own ship at a comparatively short range. The
transmitted signal will be reflected back and forth between the wide
vertical surface of the target and your own ship.
Thus, multiple echoes will appear beyond the true target’s echo on
the same bearing as shown below.
True echo
Multiple
echoes
Chapter 3-8
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
3.2 Radar menu
The Golden Rule! Today’s radars are packed full of neat features
designed to make your cruising more enjoyable and safer. Use these
features when you can, but remember the old axiom KISS (keep it
simple sailor). If a target shows on the display, there most likely is
something there. If there are no targets shown on your display, it
doesn’t guarantee there are no other objects around. Maintain a good
visual watch, proceed at a safe speed and enjoy your boating.
1
RADAR
1 Radar
2 Dual Radar
3 Radar & Chart
4 Custom screen
The displays obtained from this
menu can easily be accessed from
the main function key [RADAR]
- see section 3.2.1.
To access RadarChart overlay
- see section 3.2.6.
The Radar display will be presented in full screen with the radar
control menu placed in the right side of the display. Press [ADJ] to
access the control menu, where the most common adjustments are
made - see section 3.2.5.
The Dual Radar display requires a full-screen presentation, with the
standard display in the left half of the screen and the secondary radar
display in the right half of the screen. The two half-screen radar displays can be set up and operated independently - see section 3.2.8.
The Radar & Chart display requires a full screen presentation, with
the radar display in the left half of the screen and the chart display in
the right half of the screen - see section 3.2.9.
The Custom screen will present multiple window combinations
(section 3.2.1), where the radar display will be fixed in the left half
window and the two quarter windows i.e. (default) a chart display
and an echo display can be exchanged with different displays.
MENU
1,1
To access one of the displays via the menu e.g.:
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [1] and [1] to call up the Radar display in full screen
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-9
3.2.1 Shortcut to the pages in the radar-series
The RADAR function is one of the main functions in the CAXX.
Each page under the [RADAR] key will include a window representing the radar function. It is not possible to exchange main function
displays with a new display. Refer to section 2.1, 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 for
further information on the display and page system.
RADAR
From any display:
Long press on the [RADAR] key will toggle between:
Radar full screen
Dual Radar
Radar & Chart
Custom screen
All the displays are fixed, except for the two quarter windows in the custom
screen, which can be exchanged with a different display selected via the menu.
RADAR
From radar display:
Short press on the [RADAR] key will toggle overlay on/off
- see section 3.2.6.
Radar display
RadarChart overlay
3.2.2 Initial radar display setup
After the installation is completed, check the Radar setup (section
9.1) if the Antenna height is correct and the Heading adjust is
zero degrees to ship’s center line. If not, carry out adjustments as
described in the Radar setup. The Scanner type is preset to Auto
detect and as such, the system will automatically initiate the correct
parameters for the connected scanner.
Chapter 3-10
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
3.2.3 Start transmission
Normally, when starting the transmission, it will take approx. two
minutes for the antenna to warm up and be ready for transmission.
For initial start-up and after long storage, see below.
Make sure nobody is standing close to the radar antenna when it
starts to rotate after the transmission is activated!
RADAR
ENT
RADAR
Shortcut to radar display
Call up the Radar quick menu
Turn ‘Power on’
The legend ‘Detecting’ will appear on the screen while the system is
checking which scanner is connected. When the scanner is detected,
a countdown to zero will appear on the screen which will allow two
minutes for the scanner to warm up before it enters Standby mode
and is ready for use.
ENT
When ready to start transmission:
Call up the Radar quick menu
GOTO
Start transmission
Starting up the first time after installation or after long storage (6
months), the antenna will need an extra 20 minutes to warm up,
so after Power on and going into Standby, the radar must be left in
Standby mode for the extra 20 minutes it will take to warm up the
antenna properly. This way you will contribute to the lifetime of the
magnetron in the radar antenna.
3.2.4 Shut down procedure for the radar function, or back to ‘Standby’
To disengage the radar transmission temporarily, you can return the
radar function to Standby mode:
ENT
Call up the Radar quick menu
GOTO
Enter Standby mode
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
ENT
To resume the radar transmission:
Call up the Radar quick menu
GOTO
Start transmission
ENT
To shut down the radar function:
Call up the Radar quick menu
RADAR
Chapter 3-11
Turn ‘Power off’
3.2.5 Standard radar display
The standard radar display will require full screen presentation.
RADAR
Shortcut to radar display
MENU
Or load the radar display via the menu:
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Radar display
1,1
The top line in the radar display indicates the course and speed
of the ship together with the position of the ship, which will be
exchanged with the position of the cursor when activated on the
radar display (heading input is required). The control menu will
appear in the right side of the radar display in full screen.
‚Press ENT to operate‘ - refer to section 3.2.6 Radar quick menu.
Chapter 3-12
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Use cursor to activate and move the cross cursor on the radar background - press [CLR] to remove cursor.
EBL
Activate EBL-VRM1, and use cursor to move EBL-VRM1 around
in the radar background - more details further ahead in this section
- press [EBL] again, or [CLR] to remove EBL-VRM1.
ADJ
Open for adjustment
Use cursor to move around in the control panel
+/-
Toggle between available values
0-9
Key in new values
ENT
Confirm changes by pressing [ENT] (or [MENU] )
There is no regret or “exit without making any change”-key from the
control panel. As soon as the keys are pressed to change a function,
the actual change is immediately carried out.
Orientation can be set to:
HU RM (Head-Up in Relative Motion): The heading line always
appears on the display at 0 degrees as the antenna beam passes the
bow of the vessel. Targets appearing on the display are relative to
your own ship. Head-up mode gives an easy interpretation of the
situation around your boat.
NU (North-Up): In this mode, targets are displayed at their measured
distances and direction relative to north. North being at the top of
the display. To operate in NU mode will require valid heading from
connected compass.
CU (Course Up): The heading line appears to point upwards within
the range of the rotation resolution (default is 15°). If the vessel turns
more than e.g. 15°, the radar picture will also turn to make the heading line continue pointing upwards.
TM (True Motion): Own ship moves past land, buoys and fixed
objects. To operate in TM mode will require valid GPS position and
compass heading.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-13
RM (Relative Motion): The ship will stay in the center of the screen
or at an offset position and targets will appear relative to own ship’s
position.
If receiving the alarm: “Heading missing” or “Position mising” the
system will change to Head-Up in Relative Motion after 60 seconds
and at the same time inform of “Changing to HeadUp” in a pop-up
window.
0.50nm indicates the displayed range in the radar picture.
Power off indicates that the radar function is not active.
TI is the Tuning Indicator, which provides an indication of the
receiver tuning.
Tune – make manual adjustments to Tune by means of the +/- keys,
and return to AUTO mode by pressing [CLR].
Tune control – is a variable control used to tune the receiver in the
radar antenna for maximum target returns on the display. If no land
or ship targets are available, the operator may tune for maximum sea
clutter. The tuning indicator will show the strength of tuning peak
conditions and is tuned for maximum deflection. Tuning of the radar
should be performed on a 3nm range scale or higher.
Gain – Auto mode can be used in most situations, but in some situations manual adjustment leads to better performance of the system.
Make manual adjustments to Gain by means of the +/- keys, and
return to AUTO mode by pressing [CLR].
Gain control adjusts the gain level of the radar’s receiver. The Gain
control level is usually set for the best target presentation with a slight
noise speckle in the background on the 12 or 24nm range. A semiautomatic Gain reduction is used on shorter ranges to improve target
definition. Use some caution when adjusting the Gain control. If gain
is set too low, small or weak targets may be missed. If the gain is set
too high on short ranges, the display may become excessively covered
with noise speckle making target observation difficult.
Sea – Auto mode is optimized for open sea and is recommended when
the distance to shore is over 300 meters. Closer to shore and when
approaching a harbor, choose Harbor mode.
Make manual adjustments to Sea by means of the +/- keys, and
Chapter 3-14
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
return to AUTO mode by pressing [CLR].
Press [CLR] to toggle between HBR (Harbor) and AUTO mode.
Sea control – is used on the shorter ranges to suppress the effects
of sea clutter close to own ship by reducing the nearby gain level.
It can effectively reduce the strength of the mass of random echoes
received from nearby sea clutter for up to approx. 1 to 2 nm depending on wave and sea conditions. Sea control is set to reduce the
strength of these echoes such that the clutter appears only as intermittent small dots, yet stable targets can still be distinguished.
If manual adjustments are made, the setting will affect the system’s
ability to detect targets and remove sea clutter in heavy sea situations.
Rain – the rain clutter filter enhances the leading edge of a target
whereas the signal behind the leading edge area of rain will be
depressed. This can also be of great advantage on shorter ranges
to distinguish between two very close echoes on the same bearing
which may otherwise merge and appear as one echo.
To properly adjust for rain clutter:
1. Set rain clutter to zero.
2. Slowly increase rain clutter until the hazy area caused by the rain
or snow become less dense. Increasing it too much will not only
remove the rain clutter, but also other weak targets.
Note! Since Rain and Snow are continually changing in size and
density, tweaking of the rain clutter adjustment is necessary to
maintain the best results. Manual fine tuning of Gain and Sea may
improve the performance.
EBL (Electronic Bearing Line) - bearing and distance (read-only)
from ship’s position to cursor. Two independent EBLs are available
- see section 3.2.6.
VRM (Variable Range Marker) - bearing and distance (read-only)
from ship’s position to VRM cursor. Two independent VRMs are
available - see section 3.2.6.
Cursor - bearing and distance (read-only) from ship’s position to
cursor.
Trails after targets – toggle between OFF, 30sec, 1min, 2min,
5min, 10min, 15min, 30min, PERM (permanent).
Using the Trails feature will show the trails of target movement as an
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-15
after-glow or wake behind the moving targets or own ship.
If the range scale is changed, the trails are cleared and new trails will
be drawn on the screen. The trails are drawn for anything that moves
on the screen, including sea gulls, sea clutter, buoys, and shoreline.
Own trail – toggle between OFF and ON. This function will require
that ‘Trails’ (above) is activated and mode of orientation is TM.
RR = RangeRings – toggle between # *.** (as display example), *.**
(no RR figures), OFF (no RR)
GZ (Guard Zone alarm) – The use of the Guard zone feature built
into the radar can detect approaching vessels entering your guard
zone. You can use the guard zone while you are moving or when
anchored to protect you in a full 360 degrees. The audio alarm can be
sounded from the unit or through an external speaker/buzzer wired
into the system – see Electrical connections in Installation manual.
In Head Up mode the GZ relates to the vessel and in North Up or
Course Up it relates to geographic north.
Define the guard zone by means of the EBL and VRM markers:
1. Press the [EBL] key and move cursor (EBL-VRM1) to make the
left side and top of the guard zone.
2. Press [ENT], [2] and move cursor (EBL-VRM2) to make the right
side and bottom of the guard zone. The guard zone will be generated clockwise from EBL1 to EBL2.
3. Press [ADJ] and move cursor to the GZ line. Use the [+] key to
toggle between: IN / OUT / OFF.
IN = the alarm will be activated if any target enters the defined
guard zone.
OUT = the alarm will be activated when all targets have left the
defined guard zone i.e. at least one target must be present inside
the GZ when the function is activated.
4. Press [ENT] to exit the control panel.
5. Press and hold [CLR] to clear the EBL-VRMs. This will give a
better view of the defined guard zone.
Chapter 3-16
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
The guard zone is not available in the secondary radar display in
Dual Radar mode.
IR (Interference Rejection) – will reduce false echoes from other
radars nearby, see section 3.1.10.
Stretch – toggle between AUTO, ON, OFF.
AUTO (default) - small targets are enhanced at ranges above 12 nm.
ON - all targets will be enhanced.
OFF - all targets will remain unchanged.
Rpm – will determine the scanner rotation (full screen presentation).
Manually, the rotation speed can be set to either 24 or *48 rpm,
depending on the scanner type (use +/- keys).
*Running 48 rpm (double update rate) is liable to reduce the lifetime
of the mechanical parts.
HDG – your heading will be shown (full screen presentation) in
degrees from connected compass. If no compass is connected, you can
use the course (COG) from the built-in GPS module by changing “Use
COG as internal heading” from NO to YES in the interface setup.
Press [MENU], [7], [2], and then press [PLOT] repeatedly until the
tab reads Compass.
When using the GPS course as replacement for heading input, the
accuracy will be reduced in relation to speed, wind and current.
Pulse - can be set to SHORT, NORMAL or LONG.
NORMAL (default) will not change the presentation of targets.
SHORT - (press the [-] key to access) will enhance target resolution at range 0.5-6.0 nm. However, this setting may result in making
some smaller targets disappear.
LONG - (press the [+] key to access) will enlarge targets on screen
and improve target detection. However, this setting will also enlarge
any noise picked up.
Depth - readout in meters, feet or fathoms from built-in echosounder
function or external depth source.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-17
3.2.6 Radar quick menu
ENT
From active radar display:
Call up the Radar quick menu
Radar quick menu
RADAR
Power On
GOTO
Transmit
1
Activate EBL-VRM1
2
Activate EBL-VRM2
3
Activate Cursor
4
Show Navigation Point
5
Heading Line
6
Clear Trails
CHART
Show Overlay Chart
PLOT
Show Overlay User Data
ADJ
Overlay Chart Setup
MENU
Exit
If working with both EBL-VRM cursors, you can toggle between
which one should be active via the quick menu.
RADAR
Power On/Off - Turning power on will activate scanner warm up
and enter standby mode, see section 3.2.3.
GOTO
Transmit/Standby - Transmit will start transmission and antenna
rotation, see section 3.2.3.
1
Activate EBL-VRM1
A dotted line + circle will be drawn on the screen. Use the cursor key
to move the EBL-VRM1 cursor. By placing the square cursor point
over a target or over an object, it will indicate the distance to same.
To turn off: Press [ENT], [1] again to hide EBL-VRM1.
Long press on [CLR] will turn off all active cursors.
Toggle on/off directly from the [EBL] key.
Chapter 3-18
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
2
Activate EBL-VRM2
A dotted line + circle will be drawn on the screen. Use the cursor key
to move the EBL-VRM2 cursor. By placing the square cursor point
over a target or over an object, it will indicate the distance to same.
To turn off: Press [ENT], [2] again to hide EBL-VRM2.
Long press on [CLR] will turn off all active cursors.
3
Activate Cursor - will activate cursor on radar display. Press again
to turn off cursor, or press [CLR]. Long press on [CLR] will turn off
all active cursors on the radar display.
4
Show/Hide Navigation Point - this function will require a valid
position, and heading input from connected sensor. When a navigation
mode is active, the approaching waypoint can be shown on the radar
display. Turning the navigation mode off will temporarily disable
the function, because there is nothing to show - but when navigation
is started up again, the function will also become active again. You
will not have to turn it on and off all the time. Press [ENT], [4] Hide
Navigation Point if you no longer want the waypoint to be shown on
the radar display.
5
Heading Line - by pressing the [5] key the heading line will disappear for approx. 5 seconds.
6
Clear Trails - will clear all trails, both from targets and own boat.
CHART
Show/Hide Overlay Chart - dedicated chart overlay on the radar
display. This function will require a valid position, and heading input
from connected sensor. The type of chart data/objects shown on the
screen can be adjusted in the ‘Overlay chart setup’, see section 3.2.7.
PLOT
Show/Hide Overlay User Data - plotted user data overlay on the
radar display. This function will require a valid position, and heading input from connected sensor. The type of user data shown on the
screen can be adjusted in the ‘User data’ group in the ‘Overlay chart
setup’, see section 3.2.7.
ADJ
Overlay Chart Setup - will open for change to the current setup.
The changes will only affect the chart used with the overlay - see
section 3.2.7, and section 4.5.2 Description of chart features.
MENU
Exit Radar quick menu
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-19
3.2.7 RadarChart overlay
Radar and chart images merged into one presentation takes away the
guesswork of interpreting radar information by providing the full
picture. The overlay is a feature under the radar function, which consists of three layers of information. The first layer is the chart with
the ship’s symbol indicating precisely where you are at all times. The
second layer is the radar image with targets. And finally the third
layer adds the coast lines, buoys, lights, user data and other vital
navigational data which always will be shown on top of the radar
targets. Radar operation will be as usual with full access to the radar
control menu. The dedicated chart used with the overlay is adjustable
via the Radar quick menu.
The overlay function will require the following conditions: Valid
position, valid heading information, and Radar orientation mode
must be in NU (North Up) or CU (Course Up). The overlay is disabled in HU (Head Up).
The overlay function can not be activated in the ‘Radar & Chart’
display.
RADAR
From active radar display:
Short press will toggle the overlay on/off
Calling up the overlay function via the [RADAR] key will automatically show the dedicated chart together with any user data plottet in
the area presented on the screen.
The amount of information in the overlay is controlled via the Radar
quick menu where you can Hide/Show Overlay Chart or Hide/Show
Overlay User Data, or enter Overlay Chart Setup to turn off some of
the objects if the screen is too cluttered with information.
ENT
CHART
PLOT
Call up the Radar quick menu
Hide/Show Overlay Chart
- special chart dedicated to the overlay.
Hide/Show Overlay User Data
- plottet waypoints, routes, etc. stored in the memory.
If you choose to e.g. Hide Overlay User Data, then the Overlay
Chart will be shown on the radar display and a short press on the
[RADAR] key will toggle the overlay on/off, but now only with the
Chart data, as the User Data is currently ‘hidden’.
Chapter 3-20
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Color presets for the overlay display
Different color combinations of radar targets and chart or radar
background color are available:
PWR
Call up the Light and power pop-up window
1-9
Select a different number in the color Palette
ENT
Confirm the change
The color palettes from 1 to 4 are fixed, palette 9 is preset with multi
color radar targets, the rest (5-8) can be customized to suit individual
needs. See how in section 9.7.
Adjustment of overlay settings
The special chart used with the overlay is not used anywhere else in
the system and therefore has its own individual setup. A description of
the chart features can be found in section 4.5.2. To access the overlay
chart setup, the active window must contain a radar display, and then:
ENT
Call the Radar quick menu
ADJ
Open for change in the overlay chart setup
◄ GOTO
►
OVERLAY ∆
General Presentation Dep
Display mode
Orientation
Rotation resolution
Motion
Extended level range
PLOT
NORTH UP
15°
RELATIVE
OFF
∆
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-21
The tabs indicate which groups are available in each display mode e.g.
in the above example, OVERLAY display mode, you have access to the
groups in black: General, Areas and User data. The two groups in red
i.e. Presentation and Depth are only adjustable in CUSTOM display
mode. See further on in this chapter for more details.
+/-
Select display mode: OVERLAY, FULL, CUSTOM, SIMPLE,
FISHING, LOW
PLOT
Go to the next group
GOTO
Step back to the previous group
Scroll up/down in the chart settings
- functions in light grey are not accessible in selected display mode.
+/-
Toggle between available settings
ENT
Confirm changes, or...
MENU
Abandon Chart setup without making any changes
Display modes in the overlay chart setup
There are 6 different display modes to choose from: OVERLAY (default),
FULL, CUSTOM, SIMPLE, FISHING and LOW. When a group is shown in
red or a function is shown in light grey it is not available in the selected display mode. The default settings in the various display modes are:
Group: General - specification of chart display in general.
The available functions are according to display example on previous page for
all display modes and any change of the default settings will be applied in all
display modes.
Group: Presentation - specifies presentation of marine, land and chart topics
The default settings in this group are fixed in all display modes, except for
*Custom where it is possible by the user to turn a feature ON (shown on the
chart) or OFF (not shown on the chart), etc. - see next page.
Chapter 3-22
C-MAP features
Marine:
Names
Nav-Aids
Light Sectors
Attention Areas
Tides, currents
Nature of seabed
Ports
Tracks, routes
Buoys
Signals
Land:
Natural features rivers
Natural features
Cultural features
Landmarks
Chart:
Grid
Boundary lines
Mixing levels
Declutter
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Overlay
Full
*Custom Simple
Fishing
Low
OFF
INT
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
INT
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
INT
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
INT
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
INT
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
INT
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
AUTO
OFF
ON
ON
AUTO
AUTO
ON
ON
AUTO
OFF
ON
ON
AUTO
AUTO
OFF
ON
AUTO
OFF
ON
ON
AUTO
OFF
OFF
ON
Group: Depth - specifies the presentation of depth lines, levels, etc. on chart
The default settings in this group are fixed in all display modes, except for
*Custom where it is possible by the user to alter the features. The color indication for depth levels 1, 2 and 3 is determined by the color palette in the SETUP
menu.
C-MAP features
Soundings
Underwater objects
Overlay
OFF
OFF
Full
ON
ON
*Custom Simple
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Depth Lines
Depth Lines>
Depth Lines<
ON
0000m
9999m
ON
0000m
9999m
ON
0000m
9999m
Depth Areas
Depth
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
ON
ON
ON
Fishing
ON
ON
Low
OFF
ON
ON
0000m
5m
ON
0000m
9999m
OFF
0000m
5m
ON
ON
OFF
0-002m 0-002m 0-002m 0-002m 0-002m 0-002m
2-009m 2-009m 2-009m 2-009m 2-009m 2-009m
9-MAX 9-MAX 9-MAX 9-MAX 9-MAX 9-MAX
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-23
Group: Areas - specifies the presentation of different areas on chart
The default settings in this group are the same for all display modes and any
change of the default settings will be applied in all display modes.
The features can be changed from FILLED to CONTOUR:
C-MAP features
Land areas
Depth areas
Caution areas
Dredged areas
All display modes
FILLED
FILLED
FILLED
FILLED
Group: User data - user defined objects can be visible or invisible on chart.
The default settings in this group are the same for all display modes and any
change of the default settings will be applied in all display modes.
Chart features
Waypoints
Non active waypoints
Waypoint names
Waypoint depths
Defaults and choice of settings
All the features in the user data level
ON that are set as default to ON= shown
ON on chart, can be changed to OFF= not
ON shown on chart.
Non active routes and tracks, all lines
AS SELECTED and all targets are default to:
ON AS SELECTED= the choices made
for a particular route etc via the menu
e.g. MENU, 6, 2, ENT, ENT - Edit
Tracks
Non active tracks AS SELECTED route, where ‘Course line’ can be set
Track names
ON ON or OFF.
Routes
Non active routes
Route names
Lines
Lines
Line names
Targets
Targets
Target names
‘AS SELECTED’ can also be changed
AS SELECTED to ‘ALL ON’= shown on the chart,
ON or ‘ALL OFF’= not shown on the
chart.
AS SELECTED
ON
Chapter 3-24
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
3.2.8 Dual radar display
MENU
1,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Dual Radar display
Standard radar display
Secondary radar display
This feature requires a full-screen presentation, with the standard
display in the left half of the screen and the secondary radar display
in the right half of the screen. The two half-screen radar displays can
be set up and operated independently.
WIN
ADJ
To make adjustments in the standard radar display (left half screen),
the window must be active:
Toggle between active windows on screen
Open for adjustment
- by pressing [ADJ] again will toggle between 1st and 2nd half of
control menu.
Use the cursor to move around in the control menu
- and toggle between available values with the +/- keys, and insert
data by the numeric keys.
ENT
Confirm changes by pressing [ENT] or [MENU]
WIN
To make adjustments in the secondary radar display:
Make the secondary radar display active
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-25
Carry out adjustments by using the same procedures as described in
section 3.2.5 for the standard radar display, except for the guard zone
which is not available in the secondary radar display.
Indication of HDG (heading), Rpm (scanner rotation speed) and
Pulse is only available in full screen presentation.
3.2.9 Radar & Chart display
MENU
1,3
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Radar & Chart display
The RadarChart overlay is not available in this display!
WIN
Toggle between active windows on screen
• Synchronize cursors or scale and range (will require a valid position, and heading input from connected sensor)
In synchronized mode the orientation mode of the chart is set to the
same as the radar orientation. When position data is available the
chart scale is adjusted to approximately the same range as the radar.
When heading data is available and a cursor is active, the chart
cursor will be set to the radar cursor position.
The lock function is controlled by the radar display, which means
that e.g. moving the cursor in the radar display will move the cursor
in the chart display as well. However, when moving the cursor in the
Chapter 3-26
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
chart display, nothing will happen in the radar display, because the
synchronization is ‘one way only’.
The lock function is automatically activated when the required data
is available. When the data is not available, the radar display and the
chart display will both function as individual standard displays. This
synchronized feature is only available in the Radar & Chart display.
3.2.10 General features for the radar operation
• Alarms:
The alarms that can appear in connection with the radar operation,
are:
- Bearing pulse alarm (check if scanner is rotating)
- Bearing zero alarm (check if scanner is rotating)
- Changing to Head-Up alarm (indicates the orientation mode has
changed - see section 3.2.5 and 3.2.7)
- Communication failure alarm (check connection to scanner)
- Communication time-out failure alarm (no communication
between display and scanner)
- Guard Zone alarm (see GZ under section 3.2.5)
- Heading missing alarm (check connection to compass)
- Position missing alarm (see Position update under section 6.3)
- Rotation lock alarm (check if scanner is rotating)
- Trigger fail alarm (check connection to scanner)
• Off-center mode (only when operating in RM - Relative Motion)
– permits the operator to obtain a greater view in the direction of
interest. Place the cursor within 2/3 of the display and press the [0]
key. The ship’s position will now be moved to the cursor position and
thereby increasing the desired area of view. To deactivate the Offcenter mode, press [CLR] and [0]. This will replace the ship’s position back at the center of the display. If the radar system is turned off
while the Off-center mode is on, at next power up the offset mode
will still be on.
• PLOT function – will require that a heading sensor (Gyro or Compass) is connected to the CAXX. If so, then you can plot the actual
cursor position on the radar display by pressing [PLOT], [2] from the
radar display, and thereby save the position in the WP-list as a
waypoint i.e. you can give the plotted waypoint a new name/number,
symbol, color, etc.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Chapter 3-27
• Radar colors - There are several color settings to choose from for
the radar display. See Palette setup ([MENU],[7],[3]).
• Range - The extension of the range depends on how powerful the
connected radar antenna is. There are several ways of adjusting the
range on the screen, the quickest way is:
1-9
Use one of the shortcut keys to quickly go to a different range:
Press [1] = 0.125 nm
[4] = 0.75 nm
[7] = 6 nm
[2] = 0.25 nm
[5] = 1.5 nm
[8] = 12 nm
[3] = 0.50 nm
[6] = 3 nm
[9] = 24 nm
+/-
Or you may use the +/- zoom keys to go to a different range
ADJ
Or from the active control panel: use the cursor key to highlight the
current range scale, then adjust the range scale with approx. 10 percent each time you press the +/- keys.
• Show navigation waypoint on radar display - (will require a
valid position, and heading input from connected sensor)
When a navigation mode is active, the approaching waypoint can be
shown on the radar display:
ENT
Call up Radar quick menu
4
Show navigation waypoint
Turning the navigation mode off will temporarily disable the function,
because there is nothing to show - but when navigation is started up
again, the function will also become active again. You will not have to
turn it on and off all the time. Press [ENT], [4] Hide navigation waypoint if you no longer wish to have it shown on the radar display.
• Targets - The shape of the target has a direct affect on the image
displayed. A flat surface at right angles reflects a good image. Flat
surfaces at shallow angles reflect very poor images. A concave
surface will concentrate the reflective energy and display an image
larger than normal. Convex surfaces will scatter the energy and display week images. A conical surface may not display any image.
The texture of the target surface also controls the amount of reflected
signal, and therefore the image displayed. A smooth surface is a good
reflector, while rough surfaces tend to break up the reflection.
Chapter 3-28
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
Composition - materials such as metal and water are good reflectors. Others, such as wood and fiberglass are poor reflectors.
3.3 Demo mode
For the purpose of a demonstration, the radar function has a demo
mode, which can present a simulated radar picture without having a
radar scanner connected.
Warning! Any adjustments/setups already made to the radar function will return to default settings when selecting the Demo mode.
MENU
7
RADAR
To activate the demo mode:
Call up the menu bar, and...
Open the SETUP menu
Load the Radar setup
- a warning will pop up that you are about to change settings for the
radar, press [MENU] to abandon, or [ENT] to continue.
Use the cursor to go to ‘Scanner type’, and select ‘Demo’ with the
+/- keys
ENT
Accept change & exit Radar setup
ENT
Call up Radar quick menu
RADAR
ENT
GOTO
+/-
Turn ‘Power on’
- the legend ‘Detecting’ will appear on the screen for a short while,
then a countdown of 20 seconds will start before the system enters
Standby mode. It now says ‘Standby’ on the screen.
Call up Radar quick menu
Start transmission
Use the +/- keys to adjust the range and presentation
The legend Demo will stay in the top left of the screen to indicate
the demo mode is active.
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
ENT
GOTO
ENT
Chapter 3-29
Bring the Demo mode in Standby:
Call up Radar quick menu
Go to Standby mode
- this way you can easily return to the simulated radar picture by
repeating the [ENT] and [GOTO] sequence.
Turn off the Demo mode and return to normal operation:
Call up Radar quick menu
RADAR
Turn ‘Power off’
MENU
Call up the menu bar, and...
Open the SETUP menu
Load the Radar setup
- a warning will pop up that you are about to change settings for the
radar, press [MENU] to abandon, or [ENT] to continue.
7
RADAR
Use the cursor to go to ‘Scanner type’, and select ‘Auto detect’ with
the +/- keys
ENT
Confirm changes & exit Radar setup
Chapter 3-30
CA34/44/54 Radar menu
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-1
4. Chart menu
2
CHART
1 Chart
2 Dual Chart
3 Custom screen 1
The displays obtained from this menu
can easily be accessed from the main
function key [CHART] see section 4.1.
RadarChart overlay is accessed via the
radar display - see section 3.2.7.
4 Custom screen 2
For safety reasons, navigation with electronic charts should always
be combined with authorized paper charts.
The chart display opens for the built-in world chart, as well as the
optional, detailed C-MAP electronic chart system, which of course
will require that a C-MAP NT+ C-card is inserted in one of the
drawers below the keypad. The chart appearing in full screen with
smaller range as default, is the only chart which can be inserted into
a different display via the menu.
The Dual Chart display will provide a chart in two different scales,
one for detail (smaller range) and one for overview (greater range).
The two custom screens will present multiple window combinations (section 4.1), where the chart with greater range as default will
be fixed in a quarter window. The chart with smaller range will be
fixed in the left half window in both custom screens. Adjustments
can be made individually to each chart (section 4.5).
MENU
2,1
To access one of the displays via the menu e.g.:
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [2] and [1] to call up a Chart in full screen
4.1 Shortcut to the pages in the chart-series
The CHART function is one of the main functions in the CAXX.
Each page under the [CHART] key will include a window representing the chart function. It is not possible to exchange main function
displays with a new display. Refer to section 2.1, 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 for
further information on the display and page system.
Chapter 4-2
CHART
From any display:
Long press on the [CHART] key will toggle between:
Chart
CHART
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Dual Chart
Custom screen 1
Custom screen 2
From full chart display:
Short press on the [CHART] key will toggle between different presentations of the data field on the chart e.g.:
4.1.1 Data field on chart
Chart range indicator
(0.11nm) can be set
ON/OFF in ‘Show
range’ - section 4.5
Chart setup under
General.
During chart update/
redraw a progress bar
will cover the chart
radar indicator.
Depending on different situations, the data field on the chart display will give
you the ship’s current speed, speed through water, course, *position in lat/
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-3
long, compass and depth indication, bearing and distance to either approaching point or cursor position; together with time and date in local or UTC.
*)Refer to section 6.3 Status indicator and accuracy.
4.1.2 Ship symbol
The ship symbol indicates the present position on the chart and the
vector informs of the actual heading (input from compass) or true
course (course over ground). There is a built-in autohome function
which automatically moves the chart to maintain the ship symbol in
the display (with cursor off).
0 ***
Press [0] to instantly center the ship on the chart (with cursor off).
4.1.3 Cursor function
With chart display active:
Press the cursor key to activate the chart cursor (cross hairs)
CLR
Press [CLR] to turn the chart cursor off
As default (section 4.5 Chart setup under General), the chart cursor
will automatically switch off if not used in the last five minutes. The
chart will update and bring the ship’s position to the center of the
screen.
Use the cursor key to move cursor in any direction on the screen
- the chart will automatically adjust when cursor reaches the edge of
the screen.
0 ***
Press [0] to instantly center the cursor on the chart (with cursor on).
In data displays the cursor will be shown in form of either a ruling
box around the active field, or the active field will be highlighted.
Chapter 4-4
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.1.4 Range or zoom function
With chart display active:
1-9
Press one of the numeric keys to quickly change the chart scale:
[1] = 1:600
[4] = 1:20,000
[7] = 1:600,000
[2] = 1:2,000
[5] = 1:60,000
[8] = 1:2,000,000
[3] = 1:6,000
[6] = 1:200,000
[9] = 1:6,600,000
-
Press the minus key to zoom in for details (smaller range)
+
Press the plus key to zoom out for overview (greater range)
Using the extended level range will give the best result when changing chart range. First use one of the numeric keys (Quick-Range
1-9) to select the required chart, then ‘fine tune’ the range within
the same chart level by using the +/- keys. Depending on the actual
chart, you can zoom in or out two to three times before the extended
level range is switched off and the chart changes to a new level of
details.
The extended level range can be toggled OFF/ON in General settings
(default = OFF) - see section 4.5 Chart setup.
Chart details may not be available in all scales in all areas. Noncovered areas will be marked as hatched or all blue/white with
coordinate grid (when Grid is set to AUTO (default) in chart setup),
depending on the actual scale - see section 4.5 Chart setup for more
details in regard to what can be shown on the chart and what you
may choose not to have shown.
The built-in world chart can be zoomed up/down in six steps, from
a scale of approx. 1:33,000,000 to 1:2,000,000.
An over-zoom function enables you to zoom beyond the chart,
which automatically is switched off and replaced by a lat/long coordinate grid. In this mode, the scale can go down to 1:600.
‘Auto chart select’ must be switched OFF, see section 4.5 Chart
setup.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-5
4.2 Dual Chart display
It is possible to have two charts in different scales on the screen at
the same time, one for detail and one for overview. Each chart can be
operated individually, and each will have its own cursor and individual chart setup.
MENU
2,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [2] and [2] to call up the Dual Chart display
WIN
Press the [WIN] key to select active display (red frame).
ENT
Press the [ENT] key to call up the chart’s Quick menu with access to
e.g. Chart info, Lock cursors to the same position in both charts on
the screen, etc. - refer to sections 4.4.2 for more details.
ADJ
Press the [ADJ] key to call up the chart setup for the active chart
- refer to section 4.5 for more details.
Chapter 4-6
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.3 Chart custom screens
The two custom screens in the chart menu consist of multiple
window combinations e.g.:
The displays, which are not related to the chart function, can be
exchanged with a different one. It is also possible to change the right
half of the screen from two quarter windows to half screen window,
and vice versa. See section 2.1.2 how you go about changing the
displays.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-7
4.4 Chart quick menu
Access the chart quick menu from active chart display. The functions available depends on the actual situation - refer to sections 4.4.1
to 4.4.7.
4.4.1 Cursor inactive
ENT
With chart in active window, and with cursor off, press [ENT] to call
up the quick menu with the following to choose from:
Scale: 1:6600000
No user data
at ship’s position
Actual chart scale
1
Edit user data
Inactive function
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Inactive function
5
Lock cursors
0
Ship to center
Inactive function
PAGE More user data
MENU Exit
0
PAGE
Exit info window
Ship to center will update the chart and place the ship’s position in
the center of the chart display.
More user data will toggle between available data on the ship’s
position.
Chapter 4-8
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.4.2 Cursor active but not placed on any object or data
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor active but not placed on any
object or user data, press [ENT] to call up the quick menu with the
following to choose from:
Scale: 1:6600000
No user data
at cursor position
Actual chart scale
1
Edit user data
Inactive function
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B
5
Lock cursors
0
Cursor to center
PAGE More user data
Inactive function
MENU Exit
Exit info window
4
Bearing & dist. from A to B will quickly provide the bearing and
distance from your current cursor position (A) to an arbitrary point
(B). Move cursor to point B and see the calculation in the small info
window. Press [CLR] to exit the function.
5
Lock cursors will lock the cursors in two chart displays on the same
screen and thus make the cursor movements synchronized. To return
to individual cursor control in each chart display, press [ENT], [5] to
‘Release cursors’ again. See also ‘Lock cursors’ in Appendix A.
0
Cursor to center will update the chart and place the cursor position
in the center of the chart display.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-9
4.4.3 Cursor placed on waypoint
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor placed on a waypoint, press
[ENT] to call up the quick menu with the following to choose from:
WP found
Name: WP 1
LAT 57°15.504N
LON 9°17.249E
1
Edit user data
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Refer to section 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
Refer to section 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
Refer to section 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
Exit info window
MENU Exit
1
Edit user data opens a new info window:
Waypoint
1
Edit
Edit name, symbol, color etc.
2
Move
Move waypoint with cursor
CLR
Delete
Delete waypoint
MENU Exit
PAGE
Exit info window
More user data will toggle between available data on cursor’s position
Chapter 4-10
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.4.4 Cursor placed on route leg or line section
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor placed on a route leg or line
section, press [ENT] to call up the quick menu with the following to
choose from:
Route leg found:
Name: RTE 1
Leg:
B130° 34.26nm
Total: 5 legs
143.1nm
5-6
1
Edit user data
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Refer to section 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
Refer to section 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
Refer to section 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
Exit info window
MENU Exit
1
Edit user data opens a new info window:
Route leg
Edit leg
2
Insert point Move cursor to insert new point
3
Edit
Open new info window to edit route
Delete
Delete the whole route
CLR
MENU Exit
PAGE
Open new info window to edit route leg
1
Exit info window
More user data will toggle between data on routepoint and route
leg.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-11
4.4.5 Cursor placed on routepoint or linepoint
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor placed on a routepoint or
linepoint, press [ENT] to call up the quick menu with the following
to choose from:
Routepoint found
Name: RTE 1
From start: 108.8nm
To end:
34.26nm
5
1
Edit user data
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Refer to section 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
Refer to section 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
Refer to section 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
MENU Exit
1
Exit info window
Edit user data opens a new info window:
Routepoint
1
Edit point
Open new info window to edit routepoint
2
Move point
Move point with cursor
CLR
Delete point Delete routepoint
3
Add point
Add point to route - in beginning or at end.
4
Edit
Open new info window to edit route
5
Delete
Delete the whole route
MENU Exit
PAGE
Exit info window
More user data will toggle between data on routepoint and route leg
Chapter 4-12
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.4.6 Cursor placed on trackpoint
Trackpoints are not as easily recognized as Routepoints, you may
have to move the cursor along on the track to locate a trackpoint.
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor placed on a trackpoint,
press [ENT] to call up the quick menu with the following to choose
from:
Trackpoint found
3
Name: TRACK 1
Total: 836 points
1
Edit user data
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Refer to section 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
Refer to section 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
Refer to section 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
MENU Exit
1
Exit info window
Edit user data opens a new info window:
Trackpoint
CLR
Delete point
Delete trackpoint
1
Delete points from A to B See below
2
Edit
Open new info window
3
Delete
Delete the whole track
MENU Exit
Exit info window
Press [1] to delete points from A to B - move cursor to point B, and
press [ENT] to delete all trackpoints between cursor position on
chart and point B.
PAGE
More user data if cursor is placed on a MOB track you can toggle
between data on MOB symbol and data on MOB track. The symbol
and track are edited separately.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-13
4.4.7 Cursor placed on target
ENT
With chart in active window, and cursor placed on a target symbol,
press [ENT] to call up the quick menu with the following to choose
from:
Target found
Name: TARGET 1
LAT 57°02.825N
LON 7°45.555E
1
Edit user data
2
Chart info
Refer to Appendix C
3
Find nearest port services
Refer to Appendix C
4
Bearing and dist from A to B Refer to section 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
Refer to section 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
Refer to section 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
Exit info window
MENU Exit
1
Edit user data opens a new info window:
Target
1
Edit
Edit name, color, position etc.
2
Move
Move point with cursor
CLR
Delete
Delete target
MENU Exit
PAGE
Exit info window
More user data will toggle between available data on cursor’s position
Chapter 4-14
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
4.4.8 GOTO menu
GOTO
Call up the GOTO menu with access to navigation modes:
Select NAV mode
1
Cursor
2
Waypoint
3
Route
4
Track
5
Anchor guard
To select “Cursor” navigation will require
that the chart cursor is active.
“Waypoint”, “Route” and “Track” navigation requires that a waypoint, route or
track is stored in the memory.
MENU Exit
For further details on the different NAV modes, refer to section 6.9
Navigation examples.
Anchor guard - when setting anchor, a pre-set alarm distance will
be activated, so in case the ship is drifting too far away from the
anchored position, the system will initiate a visual and acoustic alert
- refer to section 6.10 Anchor guard.
If pressing the [GOTO] key while one of the NAV modes is active,
this pop-up window will appear on the screen:
Navigation is ON
1
Advance
2
Restart to approaching point
3
Turn NAV OFF
MENU Exit
Press [1] to advance to next waypoint in the route (Route navigation).
Press [2] if you for some reason have drifted off course and wish to
restart navigation from your actual position to the approaching point.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-15
4.4.9 PLOT menu
The CAXX is designed to make navigation easy and safe. Waypoints
can easily be plotted with a single keystroke, or be inserted via the
keypad. Making routes and drawing lines are done directly on the
chart. Very straightforward, uncomplicated and with a high level of
confidence as you can follow your actions ‘live’ on the chart.
PLOT
Call up the PLOT menu with the following to choose from:
PLOT new data
PLOT Plot mark - ship
1
Insert mark - ship
2
Plot waypoint - cursor
3
Insert waypoint
4
Make route
5
Draw line
6
Plot target
7
Start track
8
Stop track
9
Set vertical mark
MENU Exit
PLOT
From any display: Plot and save mark on ship’s position, including
actual depth indication. Preset name sequence: SHIP 1, SHIP 2 etc.
1
From any display: Plot and save waypoint. Ship’s position is suggested, but you can key in a new position from keypad, change the
location name (cf.section 2.6), or change the symbol (cf.section 2.5)
and the color (select with +/- keys). Any changes made will be new
presets for plotting/insertion of ship’s position.
2
From active chart display with cursor on: Plot and save cursor position as a waypoint. Preset name sequence: WP 1, WP 2 etc.
3
From any display: Plot and save waypoint. The position coordinates
are filled with zeroes, so you can key in the position you want from
Chapter 4-16
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
the keypad, change the location name (cf.section 2.6), or change
the symbol (cf.section 2.5) and the color (select with +/- keys). Any
changes made will be new presets for plotting/insertion of the cursor
position.
- From active chart display with cursor on: Same options as above,
except that the zeroes in the position coordinates have been
exchanged with the cursor position.
- From active echo display: Plot and save waypoint from echogram.
Move cursor and press [ENT] to register spot as waypoint, including
actual depth indication. Name, symbol, color etc. can be changed.
4
From active chart display with cursor on: You can quickly make a
route by means of the cursor and the [PLOT] key. The present cursor
position will be the first position of the route you are about to make.
Move cursor to next position, and press [PLOT]. Continue in this
manner until the route is completed.
Existing waypoints can be used for making the route, simply by
placing the cursor on the waypoints and plot the positions. In case
you make a wrong plot, press [CLR] to erase the last plotted position. Save the route with [ENT] or exit the function with [MENU] to
abandon the route.
Do not use the exact position of buoys, markers etc. as waypoints
and routepoints. The high accuracy of the system may result in a collision when sailing in the dark or navigating with an autopilot.
5
From active chart display with cursor on: To draw lines or to make a
route is the same procedure, please see above.
6
From active chart display: With cursor on, plot target at cursor position and with cursor off, plot target at ship’s position.
After plotting the target it will be saved in the memory, and you can
edit the target later on, either via the menu (cf.section 8.7) or directly
from the chart (cf.section 4.4.7).
7
From any display: Call up info window to start track. To change
default values, see section 8.5.
8
From any display: Call up info window to stop track.
9
From active echo display: Plot vertical marker (line) at the current
ping in the echo display.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-17
4.5 Chart setup
The settings are dedicated to the chart in the active window and does
not affect the second chart in dual chart mode. See section 3.2.7 for
chart settings related to the RadarChart overlay.
ADJ
Load chart setup related to active chart
◄ GOTO
General Presentation Dep
Display mode
Orientation
Rotation resolution
Motion
NORTH UP
15°
RELATIVE
Quick chart info
Cursor 5 min.time-limit
Auto chart select
Extended level range
Show range
►
FULL ∆
PLOT
ON
ON
ON
OFF
WITH BACKGROUND
∆
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
The tabs indicate which groups are available in each display mode e.g.
the above example shows that in FULL display mode you have access
to the groups in black: General, Areas and User data. The two groups
in red i.e. Presentation and Depth are only adjustable in CUSTOM
display mode. See further on in this chapter for more details.
+/-
Select display mode: FULL, CUSTOM, SIMPLE, FISHING, LOW,
GRID
PLOT
Go to the next group
GOTO
Step back to the previous group
Scroll up/down in the chart settings
Chapter 4-18
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
+/-
Toggle between available settings
ENT
Confirm changes and return to chart, or...
MENU
Abandon Chart setup and return to chart without making any
changes
4.5.1 Display modes in the chart setup
There are 7 different display modes to choose from: FULL (default), CUSTOM,
SIMPLE, FISHING, LOW, GRID, and a special OVERLAY mode, which only
can be activated from the radar function - see section 3.2.7. When a group is
shown in red or a function is shown in light grey it means that it is not available in
the selected display mode. The default settings in the various display modes are:
Group: General - specification of chart display in general
The available functions are according to display example on previous page for
all display modes and any change of the default settings will be applied in all
display modes, except for GRID, which has three adjustable functions:
Motion = RELATIVE
Cursor 5 min. time-limit = ON
Show range = WITH BACKGROUND
Group: Presentation - specifies presentation of marine, land and chart topics
The default settings in this group are fixed in all display modes, except for
*Custom where it is possible by the user to turn a feature ON (shown on the
chart) or OFF (not shown on the chart), etc.
C-MAP features are not available in GRID display mode.
C-MAP features
Marine:
Names
Nav-Aids
Light Sectors
Attention Areas
Tides, currents
Nature of seabed
Ports
Tracks, routes
Buoys
Signals
.....continued next page....
Full
*Custom
Simple
Fishing
Low
ON
INT
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
INT
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
INT
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
INT
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
INT
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-19
.....continued from previous page....
C-MAP features
Land:
Natural features rivers
Natural features
Cultural features
Landmarks
Chart:
Grid
Boundary lines
Mixing levels
Declutter
Full
*Custom
Simple
Fishing
Low
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
AUTO
AUTO
ON
ON
AUTO
AUTO
OFF
ON
AUTO
AUTO
OFF
ON
AUTO
OFF
ON
ON
AUTO
OFF
OFF
ON
Group: Depth - specifies the presentation of depth lines, levels, etc. on chart
The default settings in this group are fixed in all display modes, except for
*Custom where it is possible by the user to alter the features. The color indication for depth levels 1, 2 and 3 is determined by the color palette in the SETUP
menu.
C-MAP features are not available in GRID display mode.
C-MAP features
Soundings
Underwater objects
Full
*Custom
Simple
Fishing
Low
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
Depth Lines
Depth Lines>
Depth Lines<
ON
0000m
9999m
ON
0000m
9999m
ON
0000m
5m
ON
0000m
9999m
OFF
0000m
5m
Depth Areas
Depth
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
0-002m
2-009m
9-MAX
0-002m
2-009m
9-MAX
0-002m
2-009m
9-MAX
0-002m
2-009m
9-MAX
0-002m
2-009m
9-MAX
Chapter 4-20
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Group: Areas - specifies the presentation of different areas on chart.
The default settings in this group are the same for all display modes and any
change of the default settings will be applied in all display modes, except
GRID, which do not include C-MAP features. The features can be changed
from FILLED to CONTOUR:
C-MAP features
Land areas
Depth areas
Caution areas
Dredged areas
All display modes
FILLED
FILLED
FILLED
FILLED
Group: User data - user defined objects can be visible or invisible on chart
The default settings in this group are the same for all display modes and any
change of the default settings will be applied in all display modes.
Chart features
Waypoints
Non active waypoints
Waypoint names
Waypoint depths
Defaults and choice of settings
All the features in the user data level
ON that are set as default to ON= shown
ON on chart, can be changed to OFF= not
ON shown on chart.
Non active routes and tracks, all lines
AS SELECTED and all targets are default to:
ON AS SELECTED= the choices made
for a particular route etc via the menu
e.g. MENU, 6, 2, ENT, ENT - Edit
Tracks
Non active tracks AS SELECTED route, where ‘Course line’ can be set
Track names
ON ON or OFF.
Routes
Non active routes
Route names
Lines
Lines
Line names
Targets
Targets
Target names
‘AS SELECTED’ can also be changed
AS SELECTED to ‘ALL ON’= shown on the chart,
ON or ‘ALL OFF’= not shown on the
chart.
AS SELECTED
ON
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-21
4.5.2 Description of chart features
Auto chart select - When sailing with ‘Auto chart select’ ON and cursor
turned off, the range will automatically change to match the chart which is
available. But when set to OFF, then the selected range will remain, also when
sailing ‘out of the chart’.
Boundary lines - will indicate available C-MAP chart areas.
Caution areas - can be set to FILLED or CONTOUR.
FILLED= The caution areas will be filled with a preset color from C-MAP.
CONTOUR= The caution areas will be shown with a contour line only and the
fill will be the same as the background/water color on the chart.
Cursor 5 min. time-limit - can be set ON or OFF. When set to ON, the chart
cursor will automatically turn off if not used in a period of five minutes.
Declutter - when set to ON there will be no overlapping text on the chart e.g.
Names, Spot soundings etc.
Depth: Level 1, 2 and 3 - are identified by different colors. The number of
meters in the levels can be changed. The colors are preset in the Palette setup.
Depth areas - can be set ON or OFF= Not shown on chart.
FILLED - the depth areas will be filled with the color preset in the Palette
setup.
CONTOUR - the depth areas will be marked by a contour line only, and the
fill will be the same as the background/water color on the chart.
Depth lines - can be set ON or OFF= Not shown on chart.
Dredged areas - can be set to FILLED or CONTOUR.
FILLED= The dredged areas will be filled with a preset color from C-MAP.
CONTOUR= The dredged areas will be shown with a contour line only, and
the fill will be the same as the background/water color on the chart.
Extended level range - will enable changing range 3-4 steps within the same
chart level after having selected the range via a numeric key.
Grid - the LAT/LON grid can be set to ON or AUTO
ON= The LAT/LON grid will be visible on the chart display all the time.
AUTO= The LAT/LON grid will appear on the chart display when there is no
actual chart available in the selected scale.
The color of the grid is preset in the Palette setup.
Chapter 4-22
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Land areas - can be set to FILLED or CONTOUR.
FILLED= The land areas will be filled with a preset color in the Palette setup.
CONTOUR= The land areas will be shown with a contour line only and the
landfill will be the same as the background/water color on the chart.
Land settings - can all be set ON=Shown on chart or OFF=Not shown on chart.
Marine settings - can all be set ON or OFF, except for Nav-Aids which can be
set to INTERNATIONAL, INT. SIMPLIFIED, US, US SIMPLIFIED or OFF.
INTERNATIONAL - will present NavAids in ‘real life’ shapes and colors for
quick visual recognition (as per official INT1 standard paper chart presentation).
INT. SIMPLIFIED - the NavAids will be shown in generic symbols for minimum visual clutter on-screen.
US - will present NavAids in simplified shapes and real colors (as generally
found on NOAA paper charts).
US SIMPLIFIED - the NavAids will be shown in generic symbols for minimum visual clutter on-screen.
OFF - will shown no Nav-Aids on the chart.
Mixing levels - when set to ON, the number of blank chart areas will be
reduced, as the C-MAP library will find the missing area in a different level
to cover the blank area otherwise left on the screen. However, when using this
feature, chart re-draw time will be increased a little.
Orientation - can be set to NORTH UP, COURSE UP or NAV UP, and the
mode can be RELATIVE or TRUE motion.
NORTH UP - the chart will always be presented as north up.
COURSE UP - the chart will automatically turn, so your actual course (COG)
is up. If chart cursor is active it will stop the chart from rotating, press [CLR]
to turn cursor off. If a compass is connected, the reference will automatically
change to heading (compass).
NAV UP - the chart will automatically turn, so your bearing to destination is
up. If chart cursor is active it will stop the chart from rotating, press [CLR] to
turn cursor off.
RELATIVE motion - the ‘ship is positioned at the center of the screen and the
chart will move.
TRUE motion - the ‘ship’ will move across the chart.
Quick chart info - placing the chart cursor on a C-MAP object will activate a
small info window with details on the object. Info window will automatically
close after 10 seconds or when cursor is moved away.
Rotation resolution - can be set to adjust the chart for each 5, 10, 15, 20 or
25° changes in relation to present course or heading.
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
Chapter 4-23
Show range - can be set to WITH BACKGROUND, ON or OFF:
WITH BACKGROUND - will add a small line to the chart display indicating
that the length of the line equals a certain number of nautical miles/km - the
indication is highlighted with a background color.
ON - same as above, but without background color.
OFF - indication is not shown on chart.
Soundings - can be set to ON or OFF.
ON - the information will be shown as selected i.e. in feet, fathoms or meters.
OFF - soundings are not shown on chart.
Underwater objects - can be set ON or OFF= Not shown on chart.
Chapter 4-24
CA34/44/54 Chart menu and INFO windows
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Chapter 5-1
5. Echosounder operation
The echosounder function of the CAXX determines the distance
between its transducer and underwater objects such as fish, lake
bottom or sea bed. It does this by utilizing the fact that an ultrasonic
wave transmitted through water travels at a nearly constant speed
of 4800 feet (1500 meters) per second. When a sound wave strikes
an underwater object such as fish or sea bottom, part of the sound
wave is reflected back toward the source. Thus by calculating the
time difference between the transmission of a sound wave and the
reception of the reflected sound wave, the depth to the object can be
determined.
The entire process begins in the display unit. Transmitter power is
sent to the transducer as a short pulse of electrical energy. The electrical signal produced by the transmitter is converted into an ultrasonic signal by the transducer and transmitted into the water. Any
reflected signals from intervening objects (such as a fish school)
are received by the transducer and converted back into an electrical signal. It is then amplified in the amplifier section, and finally,
displayed on the screen.
The picture displayed is made up of a series of vertical scan lines
(pings), one for each transmission. Each line represents a ‘snapshot’
of what has occurred beneath the boat. The series of snapshots are
accumulated side by side across the screen, and the resulting contours of the bottom and fish between the bottom and surface are
displayed.
Selecting echosounder displays
The CAXX provides various types of echosounder displays: standard echogram, bottom expansion (zoom), VRM expansion, and shift
mode. Each display has its special advantages. Select the appropriate setup for the echosounder display in the presentation “Setup”
and “Echosounder setup” displays, considering current sea area and
target fish.
Chapter 5-2
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
5.1 Echo menu
3
ECHO
1 50kHz (or 38kHz CA44/54)
2 200kHz
3 Dual Frequency (CA44/54)
4 Custom screen 1
5 Custom screen 2
Low and high frequency echosounder display can be set up separately. The low frequency display will show deep water bottom
contours, and the high frequency display will show the mid-water
section with trawl targets or bait fish in a higher resolution.
The Dual Frequency display (CA44/54) will provide both the 50kHz
and the 200kHz echo displays in one screen.
The two custom screens will present multiple window combinations (section 5.2), where one of the main echo displays i.e. 50kHz or
200kHz will be fixed in the left half of the screen. Adjustments can
be made individually to both displays (section 5.7).
MENU
3,2
To access one of the displays via the menu e.g.:
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [3] and [2] to call up the Echo display for 200kHz in full
screen - see display example on next page.
5.2 Shortcut to the pages in the echo-series
The ECHO function is one of the main functions in the CAXX. Each
page under the [ECHO] key will include a window representing the
echo function. It is not possible to exchange main function displays
with a new display. Refer to section 2.1, 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 for further
information on the display and page system.
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
ECHO
Standard
Chapter 5-3
From any display:
Long press on the [ECHO] key will toggle between:
Dual Frequency
(CA44/54)
Custom screen 1
Custom screen 2
5.3 Standard echo display
This is the basic presentation mode (standard display) for observing
fish schools and sea bed. Some surface noise may appear just below
the transmission line.
Transmission line.
Time scale.
Depth range is adjustable with +/- keys or
the Quick-range keys
1-9.
Press key 0 to return
to Auto range.
The data field is preset to show: Gain level, Frequency, Transmit
Pulse length A- SHORT (set to AUTO), Transmit Power A- 10W
(set to AUTO) - see section 5.7.
Water temperature T in Celcius or Fahrenheit (in 1/10 degrees),
water or SOG speed S in knots or kilometers/hour or miles/hour,
actual depth *DK - units can be changed in Setup for units
(MENU,7,1).
*) Actual depth i.e. Depth below Keel/Surface/Transducer - settings
can be changed in Echosounder setup (MENU,7,ECHO).
Chapter 5-4
1-9
Select range in 9 steps
+/-
Adjust range with the + and - keys
0
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Activate Auto range
Press cursor left/right to adjust gain
ADJ
Direct access to Setup display related to active echo display 50kHz
or 200kHz - (see section 5.7)
Use the cursor to go to the function you wish to change the value for
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm changes, or...
MENU
Abandon changes and exit Setup display
5.4 Variable range marker
The VRM (Variable Range Marker) refers to a horizontal black line
shown on the display screen. The user can measure the range to
targets shown on the display screen by use of the VRM. The depth
to the VRM can be seen in the top left side of the screen for a few
seconds after the VRM line is moved.
From active echo display:
Activate the Variable Range Marker function, and...
Move the VRM up/down
+/-
Adjust the range by means of the +/- keys
CLR
Turn VRM off again
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Chapter 5-5
5.5 Echo quick menu
A number of echo features can easily be accessed from the Echo
quick menu.
ENT
From active echo display:
Call up the Echo quick menu with access to the following features:
Echo quick menu
1
Change frequency
2
Hide A-scope
3
Standard echo display
4
Bottom lock display
5
Zoom display
6
Shift display
ECHO Transmit power off
MENU Exit
1
Change frequency will toggle between 38 (CA44/54), 50 or 200 kHz
displays (Airmar transducers) to suit the task. 200 kHz is for general
purpose and offers optimum discrimination and a narrow transmitter beam. 38/50 kHz is for searching in a wider area, determining
bottom conditions and going the deepest.
2
Activate/Hide A-scope The amplitude scope at the right side of the
echo display indicates the precise amplitude or strength of the last
received ping (sounding), which often can be used for determining
individual species of fish or hardness of the bottom.
3
Standard echo display Return to the basic presentation mode (standard display) from echo display with an added feature e.g. bottom
expansion, VRM expansion, etc.
4
Bottom lock display The advanced bottom lock and expansion
feature ensures a reliable depth readout and provides a compressed
standard display in the upper half of the display. The bottom area
can be magnified for better separation of echoes. The actual range of
Chapter 5-6
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
the expansion window can be adjusted in the Setup display.
5
Zoom display This feature will provide an expanded view of the
area near the *Variable Range Marker which will give a better separation of echoes. The actual range of the expansion window can be
adjusted in the Setup display.
*) see section 5.4.
6
Shift display This feature can be applied when operating in deep
waters and select the range for an expansion window. The expansion
window can automatically follow a changing bottom or be set manually by the +/- keys.
ECHO
Transmit power off Stop transmission in order to observe noise
picked up by the transducer.
MENU
Abandon the Echo quick menu without making any changes
5.6 Plot waypoint or event mark via PLOT menu
From active echo display:
PLOT
9
Call up the PLOT menu with the following to choose from:
Set vertical mark will plot a vertical marker (line) at the current ping.
- or you can plot the position of a given echo on the chart:
3
Insert waypoint will activate a cursor on the echo display
Move cursor to the echo which position you wish to place as a waypoint
ENT
Press [ENT] to register the waypoint on the echo display
A new info window will open where you can change the name of the
waypoint, adjust the position if necessary, change symbol and color
of the waypoint. When satisfied with the information in the info
window:
ENT
Press [ENT] to save waypoint
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Chapter 5-7
5.7 Presentation setup
The general Echosounder setup e.g. Selecting transducer, Alarm settings, Demo mode etc. is placed in the SETUP menu (section 9.3).
The echo setup in this chapter are the most common settings for
adjusting the presentation of the high or low frequency echo picture,
and can be accessed by a single keystroke.
ADJ
Press [ADJ] from active echo display
Setup
200kHz:
Range start:
000 m
Range:
AUTO
25 m
Gain:
050%
White line:
OFF
Expansion window:
6 m
TVG:
Normal (20 log R)
Ping to ping filter:
ON
Signal threshold:
OFF
Color threshold:
OFF
Depth grid:
OFF
Transmit pulse length:
AUTO
Transmit power:
AUTO
Scroll synchronization:
TIME
Scroll speed:
HIGH
Use the cursor key to move cursor around in the display
0-9
Key in new figures, or...
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm changes, or...
MENU
Abandon changes and exit display
Range start – allows the user to set the displayed depth range to
begin at some point below the surface. For example, a 100 meter displayed range can be “phased” downwards, so that the screen shows
a 100 meter section beginning at, say, 200 meters and going to 300
meters depth.
Range – refers to the distance shown from the top to the bottom of
Chapter 5-8
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
the display screen. Selecting Auto range will cause the CAXX to
change the basic range setting(s) to keep the displayed bottom in
the lower half of the display. For instance, as your boat moves into
deeper waters, the system will automatically switch to a deeper
range, always keeping the displayed bottom in the lower half of the
display. Manual range allows the operator to set the range displayed
on the screen.
Gain – is another way of saying “sensitivity”, or possibly “volume”.
Increasing the gain setting of the CAXX will allow you to see smaller
and deeper targets. If the gain is set too high, however, you will begin
to see “noise” and unwanted targets. Generally speaking, you want to
set the gain control just below the point that you begin to see speckles
of “noise” between surface and the bottom on the screen.
White line – is a control which places a white/black line at the
displayed sea floor and blanks out 4 pixels just below the line. The
purpose of this is to help the user detect targets, such as fish, which
are very close to the sea floor and whose echoes tend to merge with
those of the sea floor itself.
Expansion window (zoom level) – can be selected in eight steps,
ranging from 1 to 50 meters, or converted to feet or fathoms (refer to
Setup for units, section 9.5). This function allows you to take a closer
look at a particular section of the water underneath your boat. You
can expand the view near the bottom (Bottom expansion) or near the
Variable Range Marker (VRM expansion).
TVG – Time Varying Gain – is a control that allows the CAXX to
make corrections for most of the losses and absorption that occurs as
sound energy passes through sea water. There are three settings to
choose from, Normal, Special and OFF.
The setting “Normal (20 log R) is for general fish finding at depths
down to 50m (150’) and it will also give a uniform bottom echo presentation at shallow, mid and deep water.
The setting “Special (40 log R) will adjust the TVG to show the same
echo strength for a given size fish at varying depths.
The OFF position is used for net sounders. In OFF position the TVG
is inactive which means that the sounder operates with a fixed gain
between each transmitter pulse. Auto range is switched to manual.
Ping to ping filter – can be set to either on or off. With the filter
“off”, then each received echo will be reflected on the screen.
Whereas with the filter “ON”, the system will compare every two
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Chapter 5-9
echoes received and only reflect on the screen what is received from
both echoes, which will give a more uncluttered recording.
Signal threshold – can be set to ON to eliminate the appearance
of unwanted noise. The threshold level is automatic and the feature
should be used with caution, as it may eliminate small fish and small
unidentified objects on the screen.
Color threshold – the color threshold function allows the “weaker”
targets and noise which may be shown on the display screen to be
eliminated from the display. These targets are usually shown in the
weaker target colors such as blues and greens. The Color threshold allows you to choose not to display the blues, or the blues and
greens, etc. Doing this will leave only the stronger targets on the
display screen.
Depth grid - enables a more precise reading of depth and target relations across the screen.
Transmit pulse length – can be set OFF to observe noise in the
water (Auto range will switch to manual mode). Set to AUTO, the
optimum setting will be applied according to the water depth. Or it
can be set manually, if a specific pulse length is required:
SHORT
MEDIUM
LONG
less than 10m deep water
between 10 and 50 m deep water
more than 50m deep water
A long pulse will reach deeper but give less resolution.
Transmit power – should normally be left on AUTOmatic.
CA34 settings are: AUTO, 600W, 100W, 10W and OFF.
CA44/54 settings are: AUTO, 1000W, 500W, 100W, 10W and OFF.
Scroll synchronization – the screen can be updated on the basis of
time or distance (when data from last ping appears on the display).
Scroll speed – is the ping rate and movement of the presentation of
echoes on the screen, moving from right to left. It is adjustable (Low,
Medium, High, Freeze), to allow the user to show a longer “history”
on the display screen, if desired.
Chapter 5-10
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
5.8 How the echosounder works
When the CAXX is turned on, a transmitter begins
to send electrical pulses to the transducer. The
ceramic resonators in the transducer has a special
property which enables it to change dimensions
slightly when a varying voltage is applied.
The voltage is thus converted to mechanical vibrations (sound waves) which are then transmitted down
through the water.
See Fig. 1.
Fig. 1 Transmied ‘ping’
from the transmier/receiver.
The sound waves move through the water until they
encounter a change in density, such as a fish or the
bottom. This causes the sound waves to ‘echo’ back
up through the water. When the reflected sound
waves (echoes) hit the transducer, the ceramic disk
vibrates at the same frequency. This generates a
varying voltage between the disk surfaces. This voltage goes back up through the cable to the receiver.
The CAXX amplifies and processes the signals and
presents them on the display screen.
See Fig. 2.
Fig. 2 The up arrow indicates:
Echo returning to the receiver.
The down arrow indicates:
Transmied pulse.
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
Chapter 5-11
5.9 Transducer beamwidth
The transducer mounted to the hull of your vessel serves as both
a ‘speaker’ when transmitting, and as a ‘microphone’ when the
echosounder is receiving. Similar to the way a flashlight focuses
light, most of the sound from your transducer is focused downwards
with a smaller amount going out to the sides. The amount of focusing
of the sound beam is expressed as a ‘beamwidth’.
Transducer
Approximation of the sound
pattern below the transducer
This angle is the transducer’s
beamwidth
1/2 maximum intensity
Maximum intensity
Fig. 3 A representation of a transducer bemwidth.
The center of the sound beam is the most intense, then as you move
out towards the sides of the sound beam there is a point where the
intensity of the sound is half what it was in the center. The distance
moved is the ‘beamwidth’. See Fig. 3.
Chapter 5-12
CA34/44/54 Echo menu
5.10 Effects of the vessel’s speed
The presentation of fish on the CAXX depends directly on the vessel’s speed, as well as on the depth of the fish. When the vessel is
at rest, the echo traces will appear stretched and flattened. As the
vessel’s speed becomes greater, the echo traces will become shorter
and more arched. The reason for this change in appearance is that as
the vessel speed increases, fewer number of sound ‘pings’ strike each
fish. A low vessel speed will provide the most accurate information
of where fish are loacted.
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-1
6. Pilot menu
4
PILOT
1 Highway
- see section 6.2 & 6.2.1
2 Position
- see section 6.3
3 Dual Speed
- see section 6.4
4 ETA & AVN
- see section 6.5
5 Trim & Highway
- see section 6.6
6 Set & Drift
- see section 6.7
7 Custom screen 1
- see section 6.8
8 Custom screen 2
- see section 6.8
See also section 6.10 Anchor guard, section 6.11 MOB navigation
and 6.9 Navigation examples.
All functions in the Pilot menu are relevant information to use for
navigation. The two custom screens will present multiple window
combinations (section 6.1), where the window in the top left quarter
of the screen will present a fixed display from the pilot menu.
MENU
4,1
To access one of the displays via the menu e.g.:
Call up the menu bar, and...
press [4] and [1] to call up the Highway display in full screen
6.1 Shortcut to the pages in the pilot-series
The PILOT function is one of the main functions in the CAXX.
Each page under the [PILOT] key will include a window representing the pilot function. It is not possible to exchange main function
displays with a new display. Refer to section 2.1, 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 for
further information on the display and page system.
Chapter 6-2
PILOT
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Press the [PILOT] key from any display to call up a display in the
pilot-series, and:
Long press on the [PILOT] key will toggle between (default):
Highway
PILOT
Custom screen 1
Custom screen 2
From one of the pilot displays i.e. full screen and active window in
the top left quarter:
Short press on the [PILOT] key will toggle between:
Highway
ETA & AVN
Position
Trim & Highway
Dual Speed
Set & Drift
The sequence of the six displays under the [PILOT] key is available
when a navigation mode is active. If no navigation mode is active,
then the ETA & AVN and the Trim & Highway displays will not be
present in the sequence.
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-3
6.2 Highway display and Navigation setup
MENU
4,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load Highway display
When there is no navigation mode active, you will receive the
legend: NAVIGATION IS OFF.
Before starting out in one of the navigation modes, it may be a good
idea to check out the Navigation setup display and see if the default
settings will suit your need.
ADJ
Load Navigation setup
Navigation setup:
Anchor alarm distance:
00.50nm
WP circle alarm:
00.10nm OFF
WP and cursor navigation:
XTE alarm:
00.10nm
ON
Navigation mode:
RHUMBLINE
Route navigation:
XTE alarm:
OFF
Auto waypoint shift:
WP-circle
Track navigation:
XTE alarm:
00.10nm OFF
Auto trackpoint shift:
WP-circle
Navigation mode:
RHUMBLINE
+/0-9
Toggle between available values, or...
key in a new alarm limit
ENT
Confirm entry
Anchor alarm distance - When setting anchor, check/change the
preset alarm distance, etc., so you will be warned in case you drift
too far from the anchored position. The alarm distance can be set to
anywhere between 0.01 and 9.99nm. See also section 6.10 Anchor
guard. The alarm will automatically reset once you are inside the
limits again.
WP circle alarm - forms a circle around each waypoint, and the
alarm distance can be set to anywhere between 0.01 and 9.99nm.
Chapter 6-4
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
The waypoint alarm will be activated when you reach the circle
or the perpendicular line - WP line alarm - crossing through the
waypoint. When “Auto waypoint shift” is set to “WP-circle” it will
override the “WP circle alarm” function.
XTE alarm - forms a corridor along the ideal track. When crossing
one of the boundaries the XTE alarm will be activated.
The alarm will automatically reset once you are inside the limits
again. The alarm distance can be set to anywhere between 0.01 and
9.99nm.
In Route navigation the XTE alarm value can be specified for each
route leg - see section 8.2.
Navigation mode - RHUMBLINE navigation is used for shorter
distances, and GREAT CIRCLE for long trips, especially when
crossing at high latitudes. COMPOSITE navigation is used when all
the legs in a route are not set to the same navigation mode.
Auto waypoint shift - can be set to WP-circle, WP-line or OFF.
When set to WP-circle, the system will change to the next waypoint
in the route after passing the circle line (border).
When set to WP-line, the system will change to next waypoint in the
route after passing the waypoint line (border).
When “Auto waypoint shift” is set to WP-circle, then the alarm
function at the waypoint’s circle will not be activated.
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-5
6.2.1 Highway display when navigation mode is active
MENU
4,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load Highway display
With navigation mode active, the highway display will provide a
graphical steering display:
Intended
track
between two
waypoints.
XTE alarm
lines - refer
to sec.6.2 for
alarm setup.
Ship’s position and
course in
relation to
intended
track.
C: Course over ground
X: XTE - Cross-track-error
S: Speed over ground
B: Bearing to approaching point
D: Distance to approaching point
V: Speed towards point
Route: Name/number of active route and aproaching routepoint
BN: Bearing to next point
TDG: Total distance to go to end of route
TTG: Total time to go to end of route
Chapter 6-6
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.3 Position display
MENU
4,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Position display
Datum currently
selected.
Trip log 1 and 2.
Position with three
decimals in minutes.
Speed over ground.
Course, magnetic or
true.
Internal POS
15-03-2004
Depth or Compass
from external sensor.
UTC or local time and date
Time and date in UTC - Universal Time Coordinates - is equal to
standard time in London (GMT). UTC is not affected by the local
summertime adjustments.
Position update - if, for some reason, there is no position update
from GPS or external sensor, the displayed position will start to flash
and an alarm will be activated to alert the operator. Reset the ‘Position missing’ alarm by [CLR]. The alarm can be set ON/OFF - see
section 7.5. The displayed position will stop flashing once normal
position update is resumed.
Internal POS - indicates the source of position data i.e. Internal,
External or DeadReckoning.
GPS A - Status indicator for reception of satellites:
a (A)= good, b (B)= acceptable, c (C)= fair, or *= no update - see
also “Status indicator and accuracy” below.
With built-in or connected DGPS receiver:
dGPS= differential data received.
DGPS= differential data received and used for corrections.
SDGPS= satellite differential data received and used for corrections.
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-7
Status indicator and accuracy
Small letters (a,b,c,) indicate that SA is active, and the position
accuracy is expected to be better than 100 meters in 95% of the time.
Capital letters indicate that SA is OFF, and the position accuracy is
then expected to be 15 meters or better in 95% of the time.
dGPS indicates that differential data is received, either via built-in
differential receiver or from external receiver.
DGPS or SDGPS indicates that the position is corrected by the differential data. The accuracy will typically be 2-5 meters for DGPS
and 3-7 meters for SDGPS.
In order to utilize the high accuracy of the GPS system, it is necessary to align the lat/long calculations to the paper charts you are
using. Refer to Position display setup below.
When using C-MAP electronic charts, the datum will be aligned
automatically.
Position display setup
The general Position setup e.g. Display position as: LAT/LON,
Decca or Loran C, etc. is placed in the SETUP menu (section 9.4).
ADJ
From position display, press [ADJ] to load Position display setup:
Pos display setup:
Datum: 000: World Geodetic System 1984
Log 1:
Log 2:
Additional data:
Go to the function you wish to change
CLR
Reset log
00000.0nm
00000.0nm
COMPASS
Chapter 6-8
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
0-9
+/-
Key in new values, or...
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm editing and return to the Position display
Datum - is preset to WGS 1984 (World Geodetic System 1984), but
can be changed to any of the 118 datums listed in Appendix B e.g.
to match old paper charts or trackplotter data from RS2500/RS4000
(datum #002 European 1950).
The position in the position display and NMEA output (GLL+GL2)
will refer to the selected datum. To select a new datum: place the
cursor next to “Datum” and key in a new number or go two spaces to
the right (000) and leaf through the datum list with +/-.
The datum in the chart display is fixed i.e. WGS84.
Log - reset log or insert alternative start figure by altering the value
in the “Log 1” and/or “Log 2” line. Press [CLR] to reset the figure,
and press the numeric keys 0-9 to alter the figure.
Additional data - can be set to COMPASS, DEPTH or ANT.
HEIGHT.
COMPASS will show heading from connected sensor.
DEPTH will be shown from built-in echosounder.
ANT. HEIGHT will indicate the actual antenna altitude (height
above sea level).
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-9
6.4 Dual speed display (trawling speed display)
The analogue differential speed indicator will show how much the
present speed varies from the average speed.
If the difference exceeds +/- 3 knots (or km/h or miles/h), an arrow
will appear which will be pointing out of the scale.
MENU
4,3
Call up the menu bar, and...
load Dual Speed display
Internal POS
Water speed
readout from
connected
log transducer.
Position with three decimals in minutes.
Analogue differential speed indicator (scale).
Dynamic speed with short filtering time is reacting quickly to
changes, but is also more unsteady.
Average speed with long filtering time gives a very stable reading.
Course over ground, magnetic (m) or true (°).
ADJ
How to reset dual speed:
Open for change
ENT
Reset dual speed, or...
MENU
exit function without making any changes
Chapter 6-10
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.5 ETA & AVN display
MENU
4,4
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the ETA & AVN display
-to receive any data will require that navigation mode is active.
ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival - refers to the inserted local time,
and can be calculated to any point used for navigation.
AVN - Approximate Velocity Necessary - is automatically calculated
in knots after you key in the planned arrival time and date.
In route navigation the approaching point and present speed over
ground (AUTO) is automatically used for the calculation.
You can change to any waypoint in the route and also insert an alternative ETA speed (MANUAL).
ADJ
Open for change - in route navigation the approaching point is automatically suggested and present speed is used for calculation.
If required - go to, and...
0-9
Insert alternative routepoint - only in Route navigation.
Go to ETA mode, and...
+/-
Select AUTO or MANUAL
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-11
Go to AVN, and...
0-9
Insert time and date
ENT
Confirm entry
6.6 Trim & Highway display
Some of the readings rely on data from external log and compass.
The Trim & Highway display will provide information on actual and
mean speed, velocity and water speed - see also section 6.7 Set &
Drift display.
MENU
4,5
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Trim & Highway display
B: Bearing.
X: XTE
Cross-trackerror.
D: Distance
to point.
ADJ
Open for change
ENT
Reset mean speed indication in display
Chapter 6-12
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.7 Set & Drift display
MENU
4,6
The readings rely on data from external log and compass.
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Set & Drift display
Relative
direction.
True
direction.
Speed.
The Set & Drift display will show how fast the current is moving
in knots; in what direction (true) it is moving and what direction in
relation to the vessel (relative).
To obtain information on actual and mean speed, velocity and water
speed - see the Trim & Highway display in section 6.6.
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-13
6.8 Pilot custom screens
The two custom screens in thepilot menu consist of multiple window
combinations e.g.:
The displays presented in the example above are the default displays
for Custom screen 1 under the PILOT menu.
Top left quarter window shows the Highway display, which can be
exchanged with a different display from the pilot menu, either by
single press on the [PILOT] key which will toggle through all the
displays available from the pilot menu, or via the menu.
Bottom left quarter window shows the Position display, which can be
exchanged with any display that will fit into a quarter window.
Right half screen shows the Chart display, which can be exchanged
with a different one in same size window, or you can change the
window combination from half to two quarter windows.
These custom screens can actually have several displays presented
from the pilot menu. However, when the top left window is active
and you toggle through the available displays from the pilot menu,
the sequence will skip the displays already presented on the screen,
as they can not appear twice on the same screen.
See section 2.1.2 how you go about changing the displays.
Chapter 6-14
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.9 Navigation examples
6.9.1 Chart/cursor navigation. 6.9.2 Waypoint navigation.
6.9.3 Route navigation.
6.9.4 Track navigation.
Relevant for all navigation modes are:
- the highway display with graphical steering - section 6.2.1.
- the ETA & AVN display with Estimated Time of Arrival and
Approximate Velocity Necessary to reach a given point at a specific
time - section 6.5.
- the *Trim & Highway display with information on actual and mean
speed over ground, velocity (VMG) and water speed - section 6.6.
- the *Set & Drift display with indication of how fast the current
is moving in knots, in what direction (true) it is moving and what
direction in relation to the vessel (relative) - see section 6.7.
* These readings rely on data from external log and compass.
With the [PILOT] key you can toggle between all the displays in the
pilot-serie - see section 6.1 Shortcut to the pages in the pilot-serie.
6.9.1 Cursor navigation
Cursor navigation is the easiest and most straightforward way of
navigation - point and go!
CHART
Shortcut to chart display
Press the cursor key to activate the cursor, then move the cursor to
your destination
GOTO
1
Call up the GOTO menu
Select Cursor navigation mode
A course line will now be drawn from actual position (ship’s position) to destination point (cursor’s position).
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-15
Next destination: While on the way, you can easily move the cursor
to the next destination, and when ready to change navigation leg...
GOTO
2
Call up the GOTO menu
Restart to approaching point
- a new course line will be drawn from ship’s position to destination.
To turn NAV mode off again: Press [GOTO], [3].
6.9.2 Waypoint navigation
To start Waypoint navigation will require that at least one waypoint
is stored in the memory. Refer to section 4.4.9 PLOT menu.
CHART
Shortcut to chart display
Place cursor on destination waypoint
GOTO
2
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
Select Waypoint navigation mode
This will activate the pop-up window “Navigate to WP” - and if the
highlighted waypoint is the point you wish to sail to, then just press
[ENT] to start navigation.
However, if you wish to sail to a different waypoint:
+/-
Scroll up/down in the waypoint list, or...
0-9
Key in the number/name of the waypoint you wish to sail to
ENT
Start navigation
A course line will now be drawn from ship’s position to destination
waypoint.
To turn NAV mode off again: Press [GOTO], [3].
Chapter 6-16
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
6.9.3 Route navigation
To start Route navigation will require that at least one route is stored
in the memory. Refer to section 4.4.9 PLOT menu.
There are two ways to start Route navigation:
• From the chart:
Place cursor on the routepoint you wish to start your navigation
from
GOTO
3
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
Select Route navigation mode
This will activate the pop-up window “Navigate in route” with the
selected routepoint as first destination point. Check if any of the current settings need to be changed e.g. forward or reverse direction in
route.
ENT
Start navigation
• From the chart, without first placing cursor on a routepoint:
GOTO
3
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
Select Route navigation mode
This will activate the pop-up window “Navigate in route” from
where you can choose which route you wish to select for navigation:
+/-
Scroll up/down in the route list until the correct route number /
name appears
Use the cursor to move around in the window if anything needs to be
changed - such as Direction in route, etc.
0-9
Key in the number of the first routepoint you wish to sail to
ENT
Start navigation
A course line will now be drawn from ship’s position to the first
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-17
routepoint.
GOTO
Pressing [GOTO] from chart display during navigation will activate
an INFO window with the following functions to choose from:
1. Advance (to next routepoint)
2. Restart to approaching point (in case you have drifted off course)
3. Turn NAV OFF
6.9.4 Track navigation
A track is created by a series of trackpoints connected by track lines.
Using a track for navigation is somewhat like navigating in a route
with many waypoints.
To start Track navigation will require that at least one track is stored
in the memory. Tracks which are not yet completed can not be used
for navigation. Refer to section 8.5 Start / Stop track.
There are two ways to start Track navigation:
• From the chart:
Place cursor on the track at the point where you wish to start your
navigation from
GOTO
4
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
Select Track navigation mode
This will activate the pop-up window “Navigate in track” with the
selected trackpoint as first destination point. Check if any of the current settings need to be changed.
ENT
Start navigation
• From the chart, without first placing cursor on a track:
GOTO
4
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
Select Track navigation mode
Chapter 6-18
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
This will activate the pop-up window “Navigate in track” from
where you can choose which track you wish to select for navigation:
+/-
Scroll up/down in the track list until the correct track number / name
appears
Use the cursor to move around in the window if anything needs to be
changed - such as Direction in track, etc.
0-9
Key in the number of the first trackpoint you wish to sail to
ENT
Start navigation
A course line will now be drawn from ship’s position to the first
point of destination.
GOTO
Pressing [GOTO] from chart display during navigation will activate
an INFO window with the following functions to choose from:
1. Advance (to next trackpoint)
2. Restart to approaching point (in case you have drifted off course)
3. Turn NAV OFF
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
Chapter 6-19
6.10 Anchor guard
GOTO
5
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
activate the anchor guard function
-the chart display will provide an impression of the vessel’s position
in relation to the alarm circle.
4,1
To check/change the preset alarm distance:
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the highway display
ADJ
Enter the navigation setup display
0-9
Key in a new value with numeric keys
ENT
Confirm the change
MENU
To turn Anchor guard off again:
GOTO
3
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
turn anchor guard off
6.11 MOB alarm and navigation
The MOB - Man overboard - alarm and display will be activated if
you press the [MOB] key on the CAXX keypad and hold it depressed
for two seconds, or activate an external MOB switch (hold five seconds) and then press the [ENT] key to start MOB navigation.
The MOB display will provide all relevant data for an efficient
rescue operation - refer to details on the rear of the first page of the
manual.
GOTO
3
MENU
6,7
To turn the MOB function off again:
Call up the GOTO menu, and...
turn the MOB function off
To check the last activated MOB position:
Call up the menu bar, and...
select MOB data
Chapter 6-20
CA34/44/54 Pilot menu & navigation examples
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-1
7. Miscellaneous menu
5
MISC
1 Wind
- see section 7.1
2 Speed diagram
- see section 7.2
3 Decca lanes
- see section 7.3
4 Loran C
- see section 7.4
5 Satellites
- see section 7.5
6 DGPS
- see section 7.6
7 SDGPS
- see section 7.7
8 DSC info
- see section 7.8
9 Depth & temperature diagram - see section 7.9
7.1 Wind display
The CAXX is ready to present wind data from connected instruments.
MENU
5,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the ‘Wind instrument’ display
True wind
direction.
Wind relative to vessel.
Wind speed,
apparent or
true.
Chapter 7-2
ADJ
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Load Setup for Wind display
Setup for Wind:
Damping level:
MEDIUM
Apparent wind scale:
NORMAL
Wind angle offset:
000°
Show wind speed as:
Wind speed unit:
APPARENT
METERS/SECOND
Go to the function you wish to change
+/-
Toggle between settings, or...
0-9
Key in new figure
ENT
Confirm entry and return to Wind display
Damping level - can be set to LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. The higher
level the more steady and slow reacting reading.
Apparent wind scale - can either be set to NORMAL (0-180°) or
MAGNIFIED (0-60°).
Wind angle offset - can be from 0 to 360°.
Show wind speed as - APPARENT or TRUE.
Wind speed unit - can be either METER/SECOND, KNOTS,
KILOMETERS/HOUR or MILES/HOUR.
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-3
7.2 Speed diagram
MENU
5,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
load “Speed diagram”
S= Speed over ground.
V= Velocity towards waypoint.
W*= Speed through water.
SD (Set and drift)*= Speed and direction, true or relative.
WIND*= Speed and direction.
* Connection to external sensors is required.
ADJ
Call “Speed diagram setup”
- see next page.
Chapter 7-4
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
The scale for the speed diagram can be adjusted in this display.
Time interval can be set in 8 intervals from 1 minute to 3 hours and
freeze.
Go to the function you wish to change
+/-
Key in new figure or change setting
ENT
Confirm entry and return to Speed diagram
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-5
7.3 Decca lanes
MENU
5,3
Call up the menu bar, and...
load decca chain display
ADJ
Open for change
+/-
Leaf through the available chains - see below.
ENT
Confirm entry
To change the position readouts to decca mode, see section 9.4 under
Pilot/Position setup, where ‘Display position as’ can be toggled to
‘Decca’.
List of decca chains:
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
S Baltic
Vestlandet
SW British
North Humber
Holland
British
Lofoten, Norway
German
N Baltic
NW Spanish
Trondelag (N)
English
N Bothnian
S Spanish
N Scottish
Finland
Danish
Irish
Finnmarken
French
S Bothnian
Hebridean
Frisian
Helgeland
0A
0E
1B
2A
2E
3B
3E
3F
4B
4C
4E
5B
5F
6A
6C
6E
7B
7D
7E
8B
8C
8E
9B
9E
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
Skagerak
N Persian
S Persian
Bombay
Calcutta
Bangladesh
Hokkaido
Tohoku
Kyusyu
Namaqua
Cape chain
E Province
Dampier
Port Hedld
Hokuriku
Newfoundld.
Cabot strt
Nova Scotia
Salaya
Kanto
SW Africa
Natal
Shikoku
10B
5C
1C
7B
8B
6C
9C
6C
7C
4A
6A
8A
8E
4A
2C
2C
6B
7C
2F
8C
9C
10C
4C
Chapter 7-6
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
7.4 Loran C
MENU
5,4
Call up the menu bar, and...
load Loran C chain display
ADJ
Open for change
+/-
Leaf through the available chains - see listing below.
If required, go to the slaves, and...
+/-
Toggle between available slaves (not all chains have more than one
slave)
0-9
...and it is possible to alter the figures in the time delay
If required, go to Offset, and key in a positive or negative offset
0-9
Key in a positive or negative offset to the time delay (toggle positive/
negative with +/-)
ENT
Confirm entry
To change the position readouts to Loran C mode, see section 9.4
under Pilot/Position setup, where ‘Display position as’ can be toggled to ‘Loran C’.
List of Loran C chains:
Central Pacific
Gulf of Alaska
Southeast U.S.
Great Lakes
Northeast U.S.
Canadian West Coast
Canadian East Coast
Labrador Sea
West Coast U.S.
North Pacific
4990
7960
7980
8970
9960
5990
5930
7930
9940
9990
Commando Lion
North West Pacific
Norwegian Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Icelandic
Saudi Arabia South
Saudi Arabia North
Eastern U.S.S.R.
Western U.S.S.R.
5970
9970
7970
7990
9980
7170
8990
7950
8000
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-7
7.5 Satellite status
MENU
5,5
Call up the menu bar, and...
load satellite status display
The display will show which satellites are currently being used for
computation of data. It will show their position together with SNR
- Signal to Noise Ratio. The bottom line shows the status of all the
satellites in the GPS system, starting from left to right with the numbers 1 to 32.
Satellite status (bottom line):
+
indicates the satellite is healthy.
excluded or non-existing satellite.
0
satellite data is faulty.
*
satellite is manually excluded.
ADJ
You may want to exclude a satellite manually in case a particular
satellite is disturbing the navigation:
Open for change, and...
Place the cursor on the satellite in the bottom line you wish to exclude
+
ENT
The minus key will exclude the satellite, and...
the plus key will reinstate it
Confirm entry
Chapter 7-8
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Position update alarm “Alarm” in the satellite status display is
preset to “OFF”. If the received position data is invalid, the position shown in the position display will start to flash. A position
update alarm can be set ON/OFF from the satellite status display
[MENU],[5],[5]:
ADJ
Open for change
Go to “Alarm”
+/-
Toggle alarm ON/OFF
ENT
Confirm entry
Reset the alarm by [CLR].
Status indicator: GPS * - see section 6.3.
HDOP, PDOP and DOP limits The value of HDOP (horizontal
dilution of precision) expresses “the quality” of the satellite geometry in relation to 2D positioning and a fixed antenna altitude.
PDOP (position dilution of precision) is equivalent to 3D
positioning. The values will typically stay between 1.3
and 8. The lower the value the higher the “quality”. A
poor geometry might produce a value of more than 20.
If preset DOP limit is exceeded (indicated by * in the
position display) it will cause the position updating to
stop until it once again is within the limit.
The DOP limit can be changed manually, but should not be set to
higher than 8 (default), as this may result in poor accuracy i.e. false
position. To change the DOP limit from the satellite status display
[MENU], [5], [5] :
ADJ
Open for change
Go to DOP limit (6-20), and...
0-9
Insert new limit
ENT
Confirm entry
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-9
7.6 DGPS information (optional)
MENU
5,6
The DGPS - differential position corrections - can be provided from
a built-in module, which is preset to full automatic operation, or
from connected DGPS receiver - see “Status indicator” in position
display.
List of beacon stations is available in addendum, part no.
183-0122-501.
Call up the menu bar, and...
load DGPS setup display (with built-in module)
To receive
valid differential data
will require
that the
navigator
is locked in
on a beacon
station.
Frequency (station) and bit rate can be selected manually:
ADJ
Open for change, and...
Go to the function you wish to alter
+/0-9
Toggle the function, or...
insert new figures
ENT
Confirm entry
Beacon - informs the name of the beacon the navigator is locked on
to (if any), together with indication of bearing and distance.
Chapter 7-10
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Status - can either be:
LOCKED = locked on a beacon and receiving differential data.
NOT LOCKED = not locked on a becon and receiving no differential data.
NOT INSTALLED = there is no built-in DGPS module in unit.
NOT IN USE = external DGPS receiver applied.
Beacon is monitored - YES or NO.
If YES it should be safe to rely on the received differential data,
because the beacon station’s performance is under observation.
If NO, then you have to use the received differential data with caution, as there is no guarantee it is not faulty.
Frequency - the frequency of the beacon station can be set manually
if known. However, when left in AUTO the navigator will always
search for the nearest station with a good signal strength.
Bit rate - indicates bits per second, and can be set manually to 25,
50, 100 or 200 bps.
Signal strength - a good signal strength is 20 and up.
Signal to noise ratio (SNR) - should be 8dB and up.
Message - type 16 message will be displayed when received from
the DGPS system. The contents of this message could be something
to do with the performance of the system. Temporarily out of service
etc.
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-11
7.7 SDGPS information
The SDGPS - satellite differential GPS - is preset to full automatic
operation, which means that the system will utilize the position corrections from either differential GPS stations (refer to section 7.6)
or satellite differential GPS signals from WAAS, EGNOS or MSAS
(refer to section 7.7.1).
MENU
5,7
Call up the menu bar, and...
load SDGPS setup display
SDGPS setup:
SDGPS select mode:
Uses corrections from:
CHANNEL 1: sat.no.:
****
Corrections:
Integrity messages ok:
Range used for position fix:
Type 0 warning received:
CHANNEL 2: sat.no.:
****
Corrections:
Integrity messages ok:
Range used for position fix:
Type 0 warning received:
Ignore type 0 warnings:
ADJ
AUTO
*****
****
NONE
NO
NO
NO
****
NONE
NO
NO
NO
NO
Open for change
Go to the function you wish to alter (see below)
+/-
Toggle the function
ENT
Confirm entry
SDGPS select mode determines which differential corrections can
be used in the position determination:
AUTO is default mode: Local area DGPS corrections are used when
available. If not available, then SDGPS corrections are used (if these
are available).
PASSIVE mode: SDGPS corrections are never used (see section
7.7.1).
MANUAL mode: SDGPS corrections are used (if available). Local
area DGPS corrections are not used.
Chapter 7-12
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Uses corrections from - indicates which differential corrections
(DGPS or SDGPS) are currently used for position determination.
CHANNEL 1: sat.no. - indicates which satellite number and name
is currently tracked/searched by channel 1, and what is the tracking
state.
Corrections - indicates if corrections are being received on this
channel. If YES: is the quality of the reception sufficiently high for
the corrections to be usable.
NONE: no corrections are received.
RECEIVED: corrections are received, but of insufficient quality.
USABLE: corrections are received and of sufficient quality.
USED: corrections received on this channel are used in the position
determination.
Integrity messages ok - the SDGPS system will transmit messages
concerning the integrity of the GPS satellites. This line will indicate
whether such messages are received and reliable.
Range used for position fix - if the receiver is tracking a particular
SDGPS satellite, it “knows” the distance to that satellite. This line
will indicate whether the distance is used in the position determination.
Type 0 warning received - if an SDGPS satellite is not operating according to specifications it will transmit a so-called “Type 0
warning”. In this situation, the receiver will not use any information
that it might receive from that satellite. Until the SDGPS system is
declared operational, the SDGPS satellites will always transmit Type
0 warnings.
It is possible (but not recommendable) to override the Type 0 warnings - refer to last line in SDGPS setup: “Ignore type 0 warnings:
NO” should be changed to “YES”.
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-13
7.7.1 Satellites in SDGPS system
The SDGPS system consist of eight orbiting geostationary satellites and is designed to form a seamless global augmentation system
consisting of Waas (USA), EGNOS (Europe) and MSAS (Japan). If
all three parts would become operative at the same time, there would
be no performance problem. However, since WAAS is the only
system currently in normal operation, the WAAS correction signals
can have a negative effect on receivers operating in Europe and Far
East outside the intended WAAS coverage area. In these areas, we
recommend that the ‘SDGPS select mode’ is changed from ‘AUTO’
to ‘PASSIVE’.
Refer to Addendum no. 183-0002-000 (included in the package) for
up-to-date information on the current status of the SDGPS system.
Number
120
122
124
126
129
131
134
137
Name
System
AOR-E
AOR-W
ARTEMIS
INMARSAT
MTSAT-1
IOR
POR
MTSAT-2
EGNOS - EU
WAAS - US
EGNOS - EU
EGNOS - EU
MSAS - JAPAN
EGNOS - EU
WAAS - US
MSAS - JAPAN
Area
Atlantic ocean region east
Atlantic ocean region west
Indian ocean region
Pacific ocean region
Tracking state
The letter indicating the tracking state will appear immediately after
the satellite number in the display.
Letter indication:
S
D
C
P
- means that the receiver is:
searching for satellite.
trying to synchronize to data stream.
code locked to signal.
phase locked to signal.
Chapter 7-14
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
7.8 DSC VHF info
To receive an iDSC Alarm and Message from VHF will require
that the CAXX is connected to a compatible Simrad VHF radiotelephone. The data is transmitted via NMEA or SimNet.
The message from the VHF will appear in a pop-up window together
with an acoustic alarm. Press [CLR] to reset the alarm, or press [ENT]
to stop alarm and select the suggested channel for communication
- refer to the VHF manual for further details.
MENU
5,8
To view the last received message:
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the DSC info display
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Chapter 7-15
7.9 Depth & temperature diagram
MENU
5,9
Call up the menu bar, and...
activate Depth & temperature diagram
Present water
temperature
and depth.
Depth over
time or distance.
Temperature
over time or
distance.
ADJ
Call Setup for Depth
Setup for Depth:
Scale for depth:
0 ->
100
m
Color for depth:
Scale for temperature:
Color for temperature:
Interval of screen:
Time interval:
Go to the function you wish to change
0 -> 20 °C
TIME
5 MIN.
Chapter 7-16
0-9
+/-
Key in new figures, or...
change settings
ENT
Confirm changes
CA34/44/54 Miscellaneous menu
Scale for depth - there are six depth scales to choose from, ranging
from 0 -> 10m to 0 -> 3000m. Toggle between values with +/- keys.
Color - for depth and temperature can be changed. Toggle between
available colors by means of the +/- keys.
Scale for temperature - can be set to 0 -> 10°, 0 -> 20°, 0 -> 30°,
10 -> 20°, and -10 -> 10°.
Interval of screen - the interval for updating of screen can be
related to TIME or DISTANCE.
TIME interval can be set in 6 intervals from 5 minutes to 3 hours (+
freeze) for refreshing of the screen.
DISTANCE can be set in 7 intervals, ranging from 0.05nm to 90nm
in order to adjust to the speed of the ship, and you can freeze the
reading.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-1
8. Waypoint / route menu
6
WP/RTE
1 Waypoints
- see section 8.1
2 Routes
- see section 8.2
3 Route calculation
- see section 8.3
4 Lines
- see section 8.4
5 Tracks
- see section 8.6
6 Targets
- see section 8.7
7 MOB data
- see section 8.8
8 Data transfer
- see section 8.9 + 8.10
8.1 Waypoints stored in the memory
The waypoint list will appear in alphabetical order and will include
the waypoint’s position in lat/long. To edit one of the stored waypoints:
MENU
6,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load waypoint list
Waypoint:
WP 2
x WP 1
57°14.853N
9°51.966E
x WP 10
55°59.954N 10°47.247E
x WP 11
55°59.203N 11°15.562E
x WP 2
57°20.289N 10°01.404E
x WP 3
57°24.990N 10°15.561E
x WP 4
57°24.990N 10°39.831E
x WP 5
57°14.490N 10°58.708E
x WP 6
57°01.385N 11°06.798E
x WP 7
56°50.773N 10°47.921E
Number of stored waypoints:
11
Chapter 8-2
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
A-Z
Insert name of waypoint you wish to edit, or...
+/-
Leaf through waypoints with +/- keys or up/down cursor
ENT
Open for editing
Place the cursor on the function you wish to change
0-9
+/-
Key in new figures, or...
toggle between available values
PLOT
Move the position to ship’s position
ENT
Confirm entry and return to WP list
Plot new waypoints with the [PLOT] key - refer to section 4.4.9.
8.1.1 Delete waypoints via menu
MENU
6,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load waypoint list
+/-
Select waypoint you wish to delete
ENT
Open for editing
WIN
Delete waypoint
CLR
Confirm that you want to delete the selected waypoint, if not sure:
press [MENU] to exit the display without having made any changes.
Edit waypoints directly on the chart via info windows, refer to section 4.4.3.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-3
8.2 Routes stored in the memory
The route list will keep a record of all the saved routes in the system.
It will provide information on number of waypoints in the route etc.
Existing routes can be altered via the route list - see further on in
this chapter, or directly on the chart via info windows - refer to sections 4.4.4 and 4.4.5. To delete a route - refer to section 8.2.1.
MENU
6,2
Making new routes can be done directly on the chart with the PLOT
function - refer to section 4.4.9, or from the WP list using existing
waypoints - refer to section 8.2.2.
Call up the menu bar, and...
load route list display
list
+/-
Toggle through the stored routes with the +/- keys, or...
A-Z
Select route by entering its name
Move the cursor up/down to select a specific route
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted route
- see next page.
Chapter 8-4
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
This display provides information on course line, XTE line, route
legs, routepoints etc.
ENT
Call up the Edit route display - if you wish to make any changes.
(Editing a route currently used for navigation is not possible)
Setting the Course line to OFF in this display will make the route
invisible on the screen. Put it back on the screen by setting it ON
again. The course line and XTE line can be changed in color - there
are a total of 15 colors to choose from together with 9 different line
types.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-5
If the XTE distance is not the same in all legs, the value will be *.*
instead of the 00.10nm. Navigation mode can be either RHUMBLINE or GREAT CIRCLE, or... if not set to the same in all legs in a
route, the mode will be: COMPOSITE.
Direction in route can be set to either FORWARD or REVERSE
direction.
Show route as can be set to either NAVIGATION for navigational
data in the route display (example on the previous page), or POINTS
for a list of routepoints together with the position in lat/long and the
XTE limit of each point.
Place the cursor on the function you wish to change
0-9
+/-
PLOT
+/CLR
Key in new figures, and...
toggle between available values
- if no more alterations are required, go to [ENT], or you can insert/
remove routepoints from the route by entering a new display:
Open for the function: Remove/insert routepoints
Existing routepoints can be removed, by using the +/- keys to highlight the routepoint you wish to remove, and press [CLR]
New routepoints can be added to the route by using the cursor to go
up/down in the WP list to select the position you wish to add to the
route, then...
+/PLOT
By means of the +/- keys highlight the routepoint where you wish the
new position should be placed in the route, and press [PLOT]
- the last point in the RtePt panel is empty, and as such will allow
you to enter a new final routepoint.
ENT
Confirm modification of route and return to the Edit display
- or abandon modification by pressing [MENU]
ENT
Confirm editing
MENU
Return to route list
Chapter 8-6
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
8.2.1 Delete route via menu
MENU
6,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
load route list display
+/-
Select the route you wish to delete
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted route
ENT
Open for editing
WIN
Delete route
CLR
Confirm that you want to delete the selected route, if not sure: press
[MENU] to exit the display without having made any changes.
Edit routes directly on the chart via info windows, refer to section
4.4.4 and 4.4.5.
8.2.2 Make new route from WP list
When you have a number of waypoints stored in the WP list which
would be convenient to link together as a route it is easily done via
the route list.
MENU
6,2
CLR
Call up the menu bar, and...
load route list display
Make new route from WP list
Use the cursor to go up/down in the WP list to select the position you
wish to add to the route, then...
+/PLOT
By means of the +/- keys you can control where the highlighted position is placed in the route, press [PLOT]
- the last point in the RtePt panel is empty, and as such will allow
you to enter a new final routepoint. Once a WP position is transferred to the routepoint section, there is no longer any connection
between the position and the waypoint in the WP list.
Select the next position and press [PLOT]. Continue in this manner
until the route is completed. In case you make a wrong plot, you can
delete the routepoint by highlighting the RtePt number by means of
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-7
the +/- keys and then press [CLR] to remove the point from the route.
Display example:
ENT
Save the route with [ENT] and go to the Edit display
- or leave the function with [MENU] to abandon the route.
In the Edit route display you can set up the route preferences you
need and also change the name of the route.
Place the cursor on the function you wish to change
0-9
+/-
Key in new figures, and...
toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm editing
MENU
Return to route list
Chapter 8-8
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
8.3 Route calculation
To stay well informed during navigation, the Route calculation
display will provide information on how long it takes to go from one
point to another, total distance, arrival time etc.
MENU
6,3
+/-
Call up the menu bar, and...
load route calculation display
Toggle between available routes in the memory
Go to Routepoint A, and...
0-9
Select the first routepoint (A) from where you wish to start the calculation in the route, and then select the second point (B)
Present speed is automatically used for calculating the arrival time,
but if required, an alternative speed can be inserted:
ENT
Open for change
0-9
Key in a new speed value
+/-
Toggle between AUTO and MANUAL
ENT
Confirm entry
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-9
8.4 Lines stored in the memory
The line list will keep a record of all the saved lines in the system. It
will provide information on number of line sections in line etc.
‘Lines’ are used for defining a certain area on the chart e.g. a fishing
ground, a shipwreck, large rocks, restricted areas etc., or defining a
channel to sail through narrow passages, making your own coast line
or for whatever reason you could use a drawing on the chart.
MENU
To draw new lines you need a chart in the active window, place the
cursor where you wish to start the line, and press [PLOT]. Then
follow the instructions in the info windows. Refer to section 4.4.9.
Lines can also be edited directly on the chart via info windows, refer
to section 4.4.4 and 4.4.5.
6,4
Call up the menu bar, and...
load line list display
+/-
Toggle through the stored lines with the +/- keys, or...
A-Z
Select line by entering its name
Move the cursor up/down to select a specific line
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted line
This display
indicates
how many
line sections
are used for
the drawing.
MENU Exit
Edit
ENT
Chapter 8-10
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Leaf through the line points by moving cursor up/down
ENT
Call up the Edit line display - if you wish to make changes.
Turning “Line” OFF will make the line drawing invisible on the
screen. Put it back on the screen by turning it ON again.
Place the cursor on the function you wish to change i.e. name, line
type or color
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm editing
MENU
Return to line list
8.4.1 Delete lines via menu
MENU
6,4
Call up the menu bar, and...
load line list display
+/-
Select the line you wish to delete
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted line
ENT
Open for editing
WIN
Delete line
CLR
Confirm that you want to delete the selected line, if not sure: press
[MENU] to exit the display without having made any changes.
Edit lines directly on the chart via info windows, refer to section
4.4.4 and 4.4.5.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-11
8.5 Start / stop track
The track function will provide a track trailing the movement of your
ship. As default from the factory, the first track is stored as TRACK
1, the next as TRACK 2 etc.
To start track function:
PLOT
7
Call up the PLOT menu
Load Start track pop-up window
If you wish to change the default values:
Move cursor to where you wish to make a change
+/0-9
Toggle between available values, or...
key in new values
ENT
Start track
Name of track can be altered (max. 25 characters).
Display track can be set ON and OFF, where OFF will make it
invisible on the screen. Turn ON to put it back on the screen.
Update of the track can be performed by distance in nautical miles,
or by time interval.
Chapter 8-12
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Type of track line i.e. full, dotted, etc. has 9 different types to
choose from in 15 different colors.
To stop track:
PLOT
8
ENT
Call up the PLOT menu
Load Stop track pop-up window
Stop the highlighted track
8.6 Tracks stored in the memory
All tracks (of more than 1 trackpoint) will automatically be stored
in the memory. To see which tracks are registered, you can scroll
through the list by:
MENU
6,5
Call up the menu bar, and...
load track list display
+/-
Toggle through the stored tracks with the +/- keys, or...
A-Z
Select track by entering its name
Move the cursor up/down to select a specific track
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted track
Example:
Active track
MENU Exit
Edit
ENT
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
ENT
Chapter 8-13
Open for change
“Display track” can be set ON/OFF, where OFF will make it invisible on the screen. Turn ON to put it back on the screen.
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm changes
MENU
Return to track list
8.6.1 Delete tracks via menu
MENU
6,5
Call up the menu bar, and...
load track list display
+/-
Select the track you wish to delete
ENT
Call up the details on highlighted track
ENT
Open for editing
WIN
Delete track
CLR
Confirm that you want to delete the selected track, if not sure: press
[MENU] to exit the display without having made any changes.
Edit tracks directly on the chart via info windows, refer to section
4.4.6.
Chapter 8-14
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
8.7 Targets stored in the memory
The CAXX can display the bearing and distance of up to three
targets at a time in relation to the vessel e.g. harbors or important
navigational points. A target is a fixed point on the chart which can
be plotted by the cursor or from the ship’s position - refer to section
4.4.9, or keyed in via the keypad - refer to section 4.4.7.
Set up targets
The plotted target position is automatically preset to actual position
of ship, or to cursor position when the chart display is active and the
cursor is on - see INFO windows, section 4.4.7.
MENU
6,6
Call up the menu bar, and...
load target display
Make the
target invisible on the
screen by
turning it
OFF.
Put it back
on the screen
by turning it
ON again.
Select the target you wish to change or replace with a different
target by moving the cursor up/down
+/-
Leaf through the targets in the memory
ENT
Open for change, and...
Place cursor where you wish to make a change i.e. name, color etc.
A-Z
0-9
Key in new values, alphabetical or
numerical
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm entry
Chapter 8-15
8.7.1 Delete target via menu
MENU
6,6
Call up the menu bar, and...
load target display
+/-
Select the target you wish to delete
ENT
Open for editing
WIN
Delete target
CLR
Confirm that you want to delete the selected target, if not sure: press
[MENU] to exit the display without having made any changes.
Edit targets directly on the chart via info windows, refer to section
4.4.7.
8.8 MOB data
MENU
6,7
Call up the menu bar, and...
load MOB data display
MAN OVERBOARD
DATE 12-03-2004
TIME
14:23:34
MOB
56°52.489N
POS 009°50.305E
The MOB display will provide information of the last activated MOB position.
To delete a MOB track from the memory, see section 4.4.6.
Chapter 8-16
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
8.9 Data transfer via DataCard or disc
Data transfer to and from external memory can be performed via
Simrad DataCard (CA34/44/54), or with a Simrad TL50 Turbo
Loader (CA44/54) via an ordinary 1.44Mb disc.
DataCards and TL50 Turbo Loader are optional equipment available
from your local Simrad dealer.
How to perform data transfers via TL50 (including data from Shipmate RS2500 Trackplotter) is described in the TL50 manual.
Use the Simrad DataCard or TL50 Turbo Loader to make backup
files of all the user data you have created plus the current setups
in the internal memory of the unit. Do it whenever you have added
important data, or when you wish to transfer routes and waypoints,
etc. to another compatible unit. The storage capacity of the DataCard/TL50 disc is divided into two databanks of each 450 Kb, meaning that the entire internal memory can be stored in one databank.
External memory with data transfer via DataCard:
MENU
6,8
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Data transfer window
Data transfer
1
DataCard upper drawer
3
DataCard lower drawer
7
NMEA connection
- see section 8.10
MENU Exit
1
Select the drawer where you have inserted the DataCard e.g. [1]:
DataCard upper drawer
1
DataCard status
3
Save on DataCard
9
Load from DataCard
MENU Exit
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
1
3
Chapter 8-17
DataCard status
Press [1] to find out what data (if any) is stored on the DataCard
The capacity is divided into two databanks: DATABANK 1 and 2
which can hold approx. 2 x 450 Kb data. Toggle between the two
databanks with the +/- keys.
Save on DataCard
Press [3] to call up a new INFO window where you can see which
data will be transferred i.e. routes, waypoints, etc. and how much
space it will take up in bytes + percentage of max. storage capacity.
The actual date and time will be saved with the data transfer.
+/-
Use the +/- keys to toggle between DATABANK 1 and 2
A-B
Use the alphanumeric keys to add a name to the data in the selected
databank
Use the cursor key to go to the ‘Action’ column to decide which
action you want taken for each mentioned category of data (toggle
with +/- keys) - see section 8.9.1.
If you choose to MERGE the data already stored on the DataCard
with the data coming from the Internal memory, the bottom line in
the window will ask you to press [ENT] to: Calculate databank after
merge.
ENT
Press [ENT] to activate ‘Save selected data on DataCard’
You will now receive a warning about which data on the DataCard,
in the selected databank, will be overwritten. Press [ENT] to accept.
After the data has been transferred, you will receive a status report.
MENU
9
+/-
Press [MENU] to exit function
Load from DataCard
Press [9] to call up a new INFO window where you can see which
data is stored in Databank 1 or 2 on the DataCard - see display
example next page.
Use the +/- keys to toggle between DATABANK 1 and 2
Chapter 8-18
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
User data generated by other chartplotter models e.g. CE33/40/42/52,
CP33/40/42/52, CA40/42/52, CR40/42/52 can all be transferred to a
CA34/44/54 unit via the Data transfer system.
However, it is not immediately accessible to transfer data via DataCard from the new model CA34/44/54 to the older model CA42, etc.,
as this would require an update of the CA42.
- For more information, please contact an authorized Simrad dealer.
Load from DataCard:
DATABANK-1
Data generated by:
Simrad CA44
Used internal memory:
193393 bytes = 42%
Used DataCard memory:
2677 bytes =
1%
Used internal memory after operation: 191400 bytes = 42%
Date saved:
15-02-2003
Time saved:
19:43:00
Name:
Internal
Data type
Marks/waypoints:
Lines:
Routes:
Targets:
Tracks:
MENU Exit
Internal
after
Amount Bytes Amount Bytes Amount Bytes
9
244
0
0
1
168
0
0
8 190480
1
Setup:
DataCard
2501
11
2
4
1
0
256
168
408
100
0
1
1745
9
244
2
168
4
408
1
100
8 190480
0
Action
NO
OVERWRITE
OVERWRITE
OVERWRITE
NO
NO
0
Load selected data from DataCard
ENT
Use the cursor key to go to the ‘Action’ column to decide which
action you want taken for each mentioned category of data (toggle
with +/- keys) - see section 8.9.1.
If you choose to MERGE the data already stored in the Internal
memory with the data coming from the DataCard, the bottom line in
the window will ask you to press [ENT] to: Calculate databank after
merge.
ENT
Press [ENT] to activate ‘Load selected data from DataCard’
You will now receive a warning about which data in the internal
memory of the unit will be overwritten. Press [ENT] to accept.
After the data has been transferred, you will receive a status report.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
MENU
Chapter 8-19
Press [MENU] to exit and *reboot (only if loading “Setup”)
*) When the system makes a ‘reboot’ the screen will turn black for a
brief moment, then the system will re-start and automatically return
to the active display which was on the screen before you made the
transfer.
8.9.1 List of criteria for data transfer in the Action column
OVERWRITE - will overwrite existing data in the memory you are transferring data to. Whenever a new ‘Setup’ is transferred into the main unit, the
system will reboot, the screen will turn black for a brief moment and then
restart and automatically return to the active display on the screen before you
made the transfer.
Transfer of ‘Setup’ can only be completed between identical units.
MERGE - will mix the transferred data with the data in the memory you are
transferring to. Press [ENT] to calculate memory after merge. Identical data
will be sorted automatically and not saved twice i.e.:
• ‘Marks/waypoints’ of same position, name and symbol.
• ‘Lines’ which are identical.
• ‘Routes’ of same name, equal number of routepoints (not necessarily in the
same position), but with the exact same start point and end point.
• ‘Targets’ of same position, name and symbol.
• ‘Tracks’ which are identical.
• ‘Setup’ can not be merged.
DELETE - will delete existing type of data from the memory you are transferring data to.
NO - no action will take place. The data will remain unchanged.
Chapter 8-20
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
8.10 Data transfer via PC interface
Data transfer to and from a route planning program on a Personal
Computer can be made via NMEA connection (Refer to Optional
connections in the Installation manual) by means of the standard
NMEA0183 sentences WPL and RTE.
The data transfer on these two sentences does not include WP symbol, color, XTE limit, etc.
PC-based planning systems differ in operation and performance
beyond the control of Simrad.
MENU
6,8
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Data transfer window
Data transfer
1
DataCard upper drawer
- see section 8.9
3
DataCard lower drawer
- see section 8.9
7
NMEA connection
MENU Exit
7
Select the NMEA connection
CA44/54 example:
The normal communication via this NMEA port
is temporarily interNormal NMEA communication on
rupted during the time
selected channel will be
of data transfer.
interrupted.
WARNING!
1
3
NMEA 1
NMEA 2
MENU Exit
Press [1] or [3] to select the NMEA port where the PC data cable is
connected. This will activate a new window, see next page.
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Chapter 8-21
CA34 example:
WARNING!
Normal NMEA communication
will be interrupted.
MENU Exit
Accept
ENT
Press [ENT] to accept warning and continue.
NMEA (1) connection
1
Transmit WPs
3
Transmit routes
7
Receive WPs and routes
MENU Exit
1
Transmit WPs
Press [1] to start transmission of all waypoints stored in the CAXX
WP list to PC
When the transmission is completed you will receive a new info
window informing of how many waypoints were transferred.
MENU
3
Exit function and return to normal NMEA communication
Transmit routes
Press [3] to start transmission of all routes stored in the CAXX
Route list to PC
When the transmission is completed you will receive a new info
window informing of how many routes were transferred.
MENU
Exit function and return to normal NMEA communication
Chapter 8-22
7
CA34/44/54 Waypoint / route menu
Receive WPs and routes
Press [7] to enable reception of waypoints and routes from the planning program
The transmission of waypoints and routes can now be activated from
the PC program. The info window below will inform you of the
progress of the reception of data by keeping an eye on the counter.
When the counter stops, means that all the data from the PC planner has been collected. However, some PC programs may continue
to transmit the same data over and over again and will have to be
stopped by pressing [ENT].
Receive WPs and routes
Reception in progress
37 WPs received
5 routes received
Stop and save
ENT
ENT
Stop and save
- will stop collecting data (if not already finished) and start saving
the collected data.
Waypoints/routes transmitted to the CAXX are added to the WP/
route list. However, if two waypoint/route names are identical, the
latest transferred one will not be saved, even though position(s) may
be different. Routepoints will not be included in the WP list.
Saving the collected data can take anywhere from less than a second
and up to a few minutes, depending on the amount of data. If it takes
too long and you need the CAXX in a hurry, then press the [MENU]
key to Stop saving any more data - what has been saved until this
point will stay in the memory, the rest will be lost.
MENU
Stop saving
Under normal circumstances we assume the saving procedure is
allowed to finish and will indicate “Saving completed” in the info
window. You are now ready to:
MENU
Exit function and return to normal NMEA communication
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-1
9. Setup menu
7
SETUP
RADAR
Radar setup
- see section 9.1
CHART
C-MAP cartridges
- see section 9.2
ECHO
Echosounder setup
- see section 9.3
PILOT
Pilot/Position setup
- see section 9.4
1 Speed alarm, units & language - see section 9.5
2 Interface setup
- see section 9.6
3 Palette setup
- see section 9.7
4 Factory settings
- see section 9.8
5 QuickGuide
- see section 9.9
9.1 Radar setup
After the installation is completed, check the Radar setup to see
if the Antenna height is correct and the Heading adjust is zero
degrees to ship’s center line. If not, then they need to be corrected see further ahead in this section. All default settings from the factory
are tested for various situations, however, if your situation is such
that adjustments are required, please refer to the details described in
this section. The Scanner type is preset to Auto detect and as such,
the system will automatically initiate the correct parameters for the
connected scanner.
MENU
7
RADAR
Call up the menu bar, and...
activate the SETUP menu, and...
load the Radar setup
- see example of Radar setup next page.
You will now receive a warning that you are about to change settings
for the radar. Press [ENT] to Continue, or [MENU] to Abandon.
Use the cursor key to move around in the settings. Toggle between
available values with the +/- keys, and insert data by the numeric keys.
ENT
Confirm the adjustments by [ENT] or [MENU]
Chapter 9-2
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Example of Radar setup:
HU
RM
.50nm
Power off
TI
0
AUTO
Tune
0
Gain
20
AUTO
Sea
25
AUTO
Rain
0
Scanner type
Auto detect
Antenna height
05m
Heading adjust
000.0°
Tuning reference
079
Zero range/timing
0109
MBS
050 050
Sensitivity
048
GZ target threshold
5
Stand-by time
000000 h
Transmit time
000000 h
Sea Auto
025 050 090
Sea Harbor
000 025 030
Gain Auto
020 082
Test scanner
Activate
0
Head-Up in Relative Motion
Range= 0.50nm
Power off, X-MIT
Tuning Indicator
*Tune, Gain, Sea: adjust with +/- keys, and press
[CLR] to return to AUTOmatic mode.
*Rain Clutter / FTC
/Demo
5 meters above water
*In degrees to ship’s center line
*Adjust with +/-/numeric keys
*Adjust with +/-/numeric keys
Main Bang Suppression, level and length (area)
*Adjust with +/-/numeric keys
*Levels of 1 to 7
Elapsed stand-by time
Elapsed transmission time
*Sea Auto, Sea Harbor and Gain Auto are preset
for best performance under normal conditions.
For technicians only.
*= only adjustable in X-MIT mode.
More details on next pages.
Scanner type: is preset to Auto detect. After having installed the
scanner (see the Installation manual for selection of scanner), the
radar function must stay in Power off mode until the scanner type
is detected. The system will automatically set up the correct parameters for the connected scanner.
Demo mode – see section 3.3.
Antenna height: enter the actual height above water of the radar
antenna/scanner.
Heading adjust: Orientation should be HU (Head-Up). Turn the
ship, so a target is just in front and adjust until target is straight
ahead on the heading line. Use the +/- keys to position it correctly.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-3
Tuning reference: Normally there should be no need to adjust the
Tuning reference. However, if sensitivity is poor or there are any
symptoms at all suggesting improper tuning, you may need to make
an adjustment: Choose a displayed range of 3nm or higher. Use
cursor to go to the Tuning reference value. Use +/- keys to adjust the
value in single steps (allowing 3-4 revolutions) until weak echoes in
the distance becomes acceptable.
Zero range/timing: Most common settings are between 105 and
115. Default setting depend on which scanner type is connected.
To adjust: Press the [1] key to set the displayed range to 0.125nm.
Use cursor to highlight “Sea” and with +/- keys set the sea clutter to
zero, then move cursor to MBS level and change all figures to zero,
so you can see the transmitting pulse. Now adjust the value for Zero
range so the ring around the ship is just closing.
If you have knowledge of the distance to a nearby object, say a mast or
a buoy, you can verify if the Zero range is set correctly by measuring
the distance. To do so, place the VRM ring on top of the object and
check the readout in the control panel (follow procedure in sec. 3.2.5).
If the readout is not the same as the known distance, adjust the value
in Zero range with 1 figure up/down for every 3 meter adjustment.
MBS - Main Bang Suppression: Each transmitter pulse will result
in an immediate strong return signal, which will form a ‘sun’ (main
bang) in the center of the screen. Main bang suppression is a filter,
which will eliminate or minimize this effect. The first 3-digit
number indicates the level and the last 3-digit number indicates the
length (area). Adjustmets can be made for best performance for
individual antennas. The first 25 to 30 meters, however, will always
be ‘blinded’ by the transmission pulse. Adjustment of MBS requires
STC=0 and reasonable GAIN. If the suppression zone around the
center is too large, suppression length can be lowered. If strong targets disappear within the suppression zone, the level of suppression
can be lowered.
Sensitivity: is preset to 048. Adjust value if echoes are not reasonable
clear i.e. the higher the value, the less detailed presentation of echoes.
GZ target threshold: is preset to 5. Objects are identified according
to weak/strong signals. 1= weakest, 7= strongest.
Sea Auto and Sea Harbor values for the automatic STC modes i.e.
Minimum, Maximum, and Sensitivity. The first two 3-digit numbers define the limits of the automatic functions. These numbers
Chapter 9-4
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
refer to minimum (first set of numbers) and maximum (second set
of numbers) allowed STC value, the automatic function will never
use an STC outside this interval. The third set of numbers equals the
sensitivity of the function. The higher the number (more sensibility),
the more STC filter.
If necessary, the factory presets can be adjusted to expand or limit
the effect of the auto function, but first check if Gain Auto needs to
be adjusted (see below). After the adjustment, the new values will be
the new AUTO settings. If a new scanner type is recognized, these
parameters are set to default. During adjustment of minimum and
maximum, the display will show the current value. The auto function
is active when the sensitivity is adjusted. The auto function parameters will take effect when the auto function is selected.
Gain Auto values for the automatic Gain mode. The first two set of
numbers will define the limits of the automatic functions.
• Gain Auto settings
To adjust the preset values, you first have to:
1. Adjust Rain to minimum acceptable value: move cursor to the
‘Rain’ bar, and adjust with +/- keys.
2. Adjust Sea to minimum acceptable value: move cursor to the ‘Sea’
bar, and adjust with +/- keys.
3. Set ‘Tune’ bar to ‘AUTO’ mode: move cursor to the ‘Tune’ bar and
press [CLR].
4. Choose a displayed range of 6nm (press key [7]) or higher.
Now you are ready to adjust the Gain Auto values in the lower part
of the Radar setup display:
First 3 digits - minimum: Adjust to a minimum value, which will
show an acceptable radar image.*
Last 3 digits - maximum: Adjust to maximum acceptable level of
noise.*
*) wait for screen to update to see the result of adjustment.
• Sea Auto and Sea Harbor settings
Sea Auto should be adjusted to an offshore situation, and Sea Harbor
to a harbor situation.
To adjust the preset values, you first have to check that Gain Auto is
set correctly - see above, and then:
1. Choose a displayed range of 0.5nm (press key [3]).
2. Set ‘Tune’ bar to ‘AUTO’ mode: move cursor to the ‘Tune’ bar and
press [CLR].
3. Set ‘Gain’ bar to ‘AUTO’ mode: move cursor to the ‘Gain’ bar and
press [CLR].
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-5
4. Set ‘Rain’ to minimum: move cursor to the ‘Rain’ bar, and adjust
with +/- keys.
Now you are ready to adjust the Sea Auto and Sea Harbor limits in
the lower part of the Radar setup display:
First set of 3 digits - minimum: Adjust to lowest figure with acceptable amount of sea clutter on screen.*
Second set of 3 digits - maximum: Adjust to highest figure with
acceptable amount of sea clutter on screen.*
Third set of 3 digits - Sensitivity: Adjust to max. acceptable suppression of sea clutter.* 0 = no suppression - Low STC level, and
100 = 100% suppression - High STC level. (If the value is set too
high, some targets may be invisible on close range).
*) wait for screen to update to see the result of adjustment.
Note! As the auto mode is always working in the background, any
new adjustments may not be immediately visible on the screen.
Depending on the weather and personal requirement, these adjustments will need to be aligned more than once.
Test scanner – to activate press one of the +/- keys, which will call
up an info window. Press [CLR] to initiate a test of the scanner,
which will provide measurement values and other technical details.
(For technicians only).
9.2 C-MAP cartridges
MENU
7
CHART
On the unit’s front, below the keypad, are two watertight drawers
wherein you place the C-MAP cartridge/C-card you wish to load.
Do not attempt to insert or remove a cartridge unless the unit is
turned off, or chart reading is in stand-by - see below.
Call up the menu bar, and...
open the SETUP menu, and...
load the pop-up window for C-MAP cartridges (which also brings
the chart system in stand-by)
To open the drawer below the keypad, press the eject key next to the
drawer. Place the cartridge in the tray with the terminals pointing
towards the unit, and push the drawer back in place - make sure it is
closed tight, so it remains watertight.
Chapter 9-6
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
C-MAP cartridges
UPPER
Name: EAST DENMARK AND WEST SWEDEN
Code: EN-C161.4
Date: 14/09/2002
LOWER
Name:
Code:
Date:
MENU
ENT
Exit
Test ENT
Press [ENT] to test the data on the C-MAP C-card
If a C-card is defect, it must be removed before you can exit the display.
MENU
Exit the window
In addition to the larger boundaries of the world chart there will be
separate boundary lines for the individual charts stored on the same
cartridge. However, the boundary lines for the C-MAP chart areas
can be turned off, so they will not be visible on the chart - refer to
section 4.5 Chart setup.
+
Other chart areas can quickly be reached by means of the zoom keys:
Zoom out until desired area becomes visible
Move cursor to approximate area, and...
-
Zoom in
The chart will automatically start to move when cursor reaches the
edge of the screen. When cursor is switched off [CLR], the chart will
return to ship’s position.
9.3 Echosounder setup
The Echosounder setup display mainly consist of general settings,
but also applies to a specific frequency where stated. The CAXX
features single and dual transceiver transmitting at 38 (44/54), 50
and 200 kHz.
MENU
Call up the menu bar, and...
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
7
ECHO
Chapter 9-7
open the SETUP menu, and...
load Echosounder setup display
CA34 example:
Echosounder setup:
SINGLE 200kHz 00.0 m
Transducer:
Keel depth below surface:
00.0 m
Display:
DEPTH BELOW KEEL
Data on NMEA-out from:
NONE
Alarm for fish:
Strength: 065%
OFF
Depth DS fish:
min: 0005 m
max: 0030 m
Depth DK alarm min.:
0005.0 m OFF
Depth DK alarm max.:
0030.0 m OFF
Water profile:
SALT
Velocity of sound in water:
1470m/s
Time/distance scale:
ON
Restart of AUTO pulse/power:
20 sec.
Echo sampling:
BOTTOM
Demo mode:
OFF
MENU
Exit
Accept
ENT
CA44/54 example:
Echosounder setup:
Select transducers:
TYPE
Transducer 1:
Transducer 2:
NONE
NONE
BEAM ANGLE
PORT
ECHO1
ECHO2
DEPTH
Keel depth below surface:
00.0 m
Display:
DEPTH BELOW KEEL
Data on NMEA-out from:
NONE
Alarm for fish:
Strength: 065%
OFF
Depth DS fish:
min: 0005 m
max: 0030 m
Depth DK alarm min.:
0005.0 m OFF
Depth DK alarm max.:
0030.0 m OFF
Water profile:
SALT
Velocity of sound in water:
1470m/s
Time/distance scale:
ON
Restart of AUTO pulse/power:
20 sec.
Echo sampling:
BOTTOM
Demo mode:
OFF
MENU
Exit
Accept
Use the cursor key to move cursor around in the display
ENT
Chapter 9-8
+/-
Select new values by means of the +/- keys
ENT
Confirm changes, or...
MENU
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Abandon changes and exit display
Transducer - select transducer type. Insert the depth (position) of
the transducer below surface.
Display can show: DEPTH BELOW KEEL / SURFACE / TRANSDUCER
Data on NMEA-out from - select the frequency you wish to use for
transfer of data to connected navigator, plotter, etc.
Alarm for fish - set the strength from min. 000 (weak echo) to max.
099% (strong echo), and you can set it ON or OFF.
Depth DS fish - define a specific area below the water surface of
minimum and maximum depth for the fish alarm.
Depth DK alarm min. and max. - set up a depth limit alarm for
depth below keel.
Water profile - choose between SALT and FRESH water. The setting will reflect on the:
Velocity of sound in water: SALT = 1470 meters per second and
FRESH = 1430 meters per second as standard. The standard settings can be even more accurate by slightly increasing the number of
meters in warm waters and decreasing in cold waters.
Time/distance scale - will indicate the elapsed time or distance for
the echo picture. The readout will appear in the upper part of the
echo display. Toggle between time and distance in “Scroll synchronisation”, section 5.7.
Restart of AUTO pulse/power - will automatically restart the
echosounder if bottom detection has been lost for the chosen time
interval i.e. 10, 20 or 40 seconds. The AUTO pulse and power will
restart from 10W and SHORT pulse.
Echo sampling - is preset to BOTTOM, which enables auto range
and a view all the way to the bottom. For vessels moving at high
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-9
speed with the risc of losing bottom detection, RANGE or a max.
depth setting (50 to 2000m) is recommended. The unit will not wait
for a bottom echo, but transmit a new pulse as soon as the selected
range has been reached. Auto range is automatically switched off.
The depth alarm setting will have a higher priority than the selected
depth range.
Demo mode - the echosounder will function as though a transducer
was connected, but all data presented in the display will be simulated.
9.4 Pilot / Position setup
MENU
7
PILOT
Call up the menu bar, and...
open the SETUP menu, and...
load Pilot/Position setup display
Pilot/Pos setup:
Display position as:
LAT/LON
Start position:
56°57.000N 010°25.000E
Speed and course filter level:
3
Display speed as:
SOG
Course and bearing as:
MAGNETIC
COG vector length:
06 min
Time:
Time:
MENU
13:43:56
Date:
Exit
UTC
14-02-2004
Accept
ENT
Go to the function you wish to change
0-9
+/-
Key in new values, or...
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm editing
Display position as - the position can be shown in latitude/
longitude, Loran C or decca coordinates (after selecting chain from
Chapter 9-10
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
the Miscellaneous menu). Toggle with +/-.
Start position - can be inserted if the exact start position is known.
Speed and course filter level - there is a filter of 10 steps available
(0= fast response, 9= stable readout).
Display speed as - SOG Speed Over Ground or STW Speed
Through Water. Toggle with +/-.
To receive STW information will require connection of external
instrument via the SimNet system or the NMEA port.
Course and bearing as - readings of course and bearing can be
made in either MAGNETIC or TRUE. Toggle with +/-.
COG vector length - (default to 6 minutes) - indicates own course
and speed. The length of the COG vector reflects a distance run
during the specified number of minutes at the immediate speed.
Time - can be set to UTC or local. Toggle with +/Correct actual time and date by means of the numeric keys.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-11
9.5 Speed alarm, units & language
MENU
7,1
Call up the menu bar, and...
load Speed alarm, units & language display
Setup for speed:
Speed alarm maximum (SOG):000.0kn
Speed alarm minimum (SOG):000.0kn
OFF
OFF
Setup
for units:
Depth/altitude in:
Distance in:
Speed in:
Temperature in:
METERS CA34/44/54
NAUTICAL MILES
KNOTS
DEGREE CELCIUS
Software version:
Serial number:
Interface software version:
GPS receiver type:
PAGE rotation interval:
Display text in:
MENU Exit
The display
example
sections are
for:
CA34 2.20
0x00100003
1.17
N11999
05 sec.
English GB
Accept
CA34
ENT
Software version:
CA44/54 2.20 CA44/54
TL50 version:
Not connected
AT44 version:
HW rev.: 2, SW: 12.34
GPS receiver type:
N12000
PAGE rotation interval:
05 sec.
Display text in:
English GB
MENU Exit
Accept
ENT
Scroll up/down to go to the function you wish to change
0-9
Key in new values, or...
+/-
Toggle between available values
ENT
Confirm changes, or...
MENU
exit function without making any changes
Speed alarm - can be set to maximum and/or minimum cruising speed. This may be handy for trawl fishing, entering harbors
with speed limits, etc. Speed stability and time of response can be
Chapter 9-12
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
adjusted in Pilot/Position setup, press [MENU], [7], [PILOT], and
use the cursor key to go to “Speed and course filter level” to adjust
the setting, confirm with [ENT].
Press [CLR] to reset an alarm - this applies to all activated alarms in
the system.
Depth / altitude in - can be set to meters (m), feet (ft) or fathoms (fm).
Distance in - can be calculated in nautical miles (nm), kilometers
(km) or statue miles (mi).
Speed in - can be shown in knots (kn), kilometers/hour (kh) or
miles/hour (mh).
Temperature in - can be shown in Celcius or Fahrenheit.
Software version - indicates which software version is installed in
the unit.
TL50 version (CA44/54) - indicates if a TL50 Turbo Loader is connected and which software version is implemented.
AT44 version (CA44/54) - indicates if an AT44 SimNet converter is
connected and which revision hardware and software is implemented.
Serial number (CA34) - indicates the unit’s internal serial number.
Interface software version (CA34) - indicates which version is
installed in the CA34 unit (for technicians only).
GPS receiver type - indicates which type is installed in the unit (for
technicians only).
PAGE rotation interval - can be set to anywhere between 03 to 99
seconds. Refer to “Fundamentals of the display and page system” in
section 2.1 for more details on how the function works.
Display text in - as standard the CAXX is supplied with the following national display languages: Danish (DK), English (GB) and
(US*), French (F), German (D), Italian (I), Dutch(NL), Spanish (E),
Swedish (S), and Portuguese (P).
*) The difference from GB English to US English is: Celcius is
changed to Fahrenheit, meters is changed to feet, and the date presentation is changed from dd.mm.yy to mm.dd.yy.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-13
9.6 Interface setup
CA34 has a connector for SimNet control or NMEA2000 plus one
NMEA in/out port.
CA44/54 has two NMEA in/out ports:
1. NMEA1 contains both an NMEA port and connection for the
dual station. The NMEA1 data from the main unit is available
from NMEA2 port on the dual station i.e. DS44 or DS54.
2. NMEA2 is used for connection to SimNet or NMEA2000 via
AT44 Active Tee or for standard NMEA interfacing.
Plug-and-play: SimNet offers easy and uncomplicated interfacing
with a unique cable and plug solution and automatic system setup.
SimNet is the optimum solution for integrating SimNet products and
other products with NMEA 2000.
Group selection or stand-alone: Main products, e.g. MultiRadar,
Chartplotter and Autopilot will automatically select the optimum
sources for position, heading, depth, speed etc. for all other SimNet
products connected. This means that if two Chartplotters are connected, they will both use position data from the same GPS and
heading from the same compass. If you wish to use the built-in GPS,
also on the Chartplotter, which automatically was set to operate
with an external position, you can change the Group selection from
SIMRAD to STAND-ALONE.
Multi source: If a main product recognizes e.g. two heading devices
it will automatically select a gyro compass before a fluxgate compass, and DGPS before GPS.
NMEA 0183 input: If there is no data available from the SimNet
bus for e.g. heading, position or depth, the system will automatically
look for data via the NMEA 0183 port.
The next pages show examples of interface settings, which are
divided into the following groups:
Nodes - Position - Navigation - Water - Compass - Wind - Waypoint
- Alarm - SimNet diagnostic - SimNet input - SimNet output NMEA0183 input - NMEA0183 output - Identification.
MENU
7,2
Call up the menu bar, and...
load interface setup - see display example next page.
Chapter 9-14
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Searching interface channels for valid sources and data. Please wait
till the first page appears on the screen which will show the nodes
(products) operating on the SimNet bus. See below example:
Additional
data
+
+
+
+
-
No additional
data
GOTO
1:
2:
3:
4:
:
MENU
Nodes Position Navigation
Simrad CA34-1
Simrad GN33-2
Airmar EQS
Simrad RC35
NMEA-PORT
,Sn:100003
,Sn:0070B0
,Sn:000000
,Sn:000035
Exit
Automatically assigned
network address
PLOT
►
∆
Internal
serial
number
∆
◄
Accept ENT
Product model numbers (top line is own unit); -1, -2, -3
etc. indicates multi sources. NMEA-PORT indicates
incoming data via the NMEA port.
Move the cursor up/down to select one of the listed products
+
Press the [+] key to access additional data
Example:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CA34
MULTI RADAR
SimNet number=100003, Address: 1
Device: class = 60, function = 170
Instance: system = 0, device = 1
SimNet:Compatible=YES,Ver= 1.000 E
Ver.: NMEA2000 = 1.004, SW = 02.00
Product code=FFFF,Unique no=138003
The name MULTI RADAR can be user defined - see the Identification
interface (last tab).
-
Press the [-] key to hide additional data
General information: Go to the next interface by pressing [PLOT]
and step back to the previous interface by pressing [GOTO].
Use the cursor key to move around in the display and toggle between
available settings and sentences with the +/- keys.
ENT
MENU
Confirm editing, or...
exit function without making any changes
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-15
Group selection can be set to:
SIMRAD - auto-selected SimNet units from the Simrad group.
STAND-ALONE - manually selected data source and third party units.
Source: - depending on which products (sources) are connected, the
legend will indicate: ‘none available’, ‘one available’, ‘multiple available’ or ‘owned, data type locked’.
Go to Position interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
PLOT
►
Input:
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (one available):
Simrad CA34-1
,Sn:100003
Position mode:
INTERNAL
External DGPS mode:
OFF
Datum: 000-World Geodetic System1984
Dead reckoning speed:
010.0kn
∆
GOTO
Nodes Position Navigation
NMEA0183 output:
GPS fix data:
GNSS fix data:
Geographic pos, Lat/Lon:
Recom. min. GPS data:
Track made good & SOG:
Time and date:
GGA
GNS
GLL
RMC
VTG
ZDA
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
∆
PLOT
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
Position mode:
INTERNAL - the applied position is compiled by the in-built GPS
receiver.
EXTERNAL - the applied position is compiled by an external unit.
DEAD RECKONING - will allow the system to function as a Navigation simulator, which can be used for demonstration purpose or
for practicing ‘live’ navigation in ‘off season’. If you wish to change
the preset speed (10 kn), refer to description next page. Navigation
to cursor or waypoint, in route or in track is started as described in
Chapter 9-16
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
chapter 6. The ship symbol will now ‘sail’ to the point of destination
directly or via the route you have selected and you can see how the
alarms and automatic waypoint shift all work, as if you were sailing
yourself. You can also simulate making a track trailing the ship or
plotting eventmarks, etc. as the ship is ‘sailing’.
External DGPS mode - set to ON (XX34), NMEA1 or NMEA2
(XX44/54) will enable reception of DGPS data from external receiver.
The input port will switch from NMEA0183 to RTCM104 standard,
but the output will continue transmitting NMEA0183 data.
Datum:000-World Geodetic System 1984 - the internal datum is
applied if the datum line is light grey. If you wish to apply the datum
received from external unit and as such need to change the type, the
position mode must be EXTERNAL. Enter a new datum by means of
the numeric keys or the +/- keys. Refer to list of datums in Appendix B.
Dead reckoning speed - is preset to 010.0 knots, but can be increased
or decreased when DEAD RECKONING is selected as position mode.
Enter a new speed by means of the numeric keys or the +/- keys.
NMEA0183 output - see also section 9.6.1 Description of sentences.
Go to Navigation interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
PLOT
►
Input:
INTERNAL ONLY
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (multiple available):
Simrad CA34-1
,Sn:100003
∆
GOTO
Position Navigation Water
NMEA0183 output:
Autopilot sentence ‘B’:
Bearing & distance to WP:
Recom. min. nav. info:
Cross-track error:
UTC & time to dest.WP:
MENU
Exit
APB
BWR
RMB
XTE
ZTG
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
∆
PLOT
Accept ENT
Input: INTERNAL ONLY - indicates that no external source can be
selected for navigation.
NMEA0183 output - see also section 9.6.1 Description of sentences.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Go to Water interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
PLOT
►
Water depth input:
INTERNAL ONLY
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (multiple available):
Simrad CA34-1
,Sn:100003
Water temperature input:
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (one available):
Simrad CA34-1
,Sn:100003
Water temperature offset:
+0.0°C
∆
GOTO
Navigation Water Compass
Water speed input:
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (one available):
Airmar EQS
,Sn:000000
LOG speed cal.:
019000 PULSES/nm
NMEA0183 output:
Water temperature:
Water speed and heading:
Depth:
Depth below keel:
Depth below surface:
Depth below transducer:
MENU
Exit
MTW
VHW
DPT
DBK
DBS
DBT
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
∆
PLOT
Chapter 9-17
Accept ENT
Input: INTERNAL ONLY - indicates that no external source can be
selected for depth.
Water temperature offset - a figure can be keyed in to compensate
for differencies in temperature sensor.
LOG speed calibration - the unit is preset to receive 19000 pulses
per nautical mile from the log transducer (paddle wheel). However
the figure might have to be changed to compensate for various transducers and actual water flow passing the transducer. The correct
pulse rate is calculated by:
19000 x indicated speed (e.g. 4kn) = 15.200 pulses/nm
actual speed (GPS) (e.g. 5kn)
NMEA0183 output - see also section 9.6.1 Description of sentences.
Chapter 9-18
PLOT
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Go to Compass interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
PLOT
►
Input:
Group selection:
SIMRAD
Source (one available):
Simrad RC35
,Sn:000035
Use COG as internal heading:
NO
∆
GOTO
Navigation Water Compass
∆
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
Source - indicates that there is one source available: Simrad RC35.
Use COG as internal heading - if no compass is connected, you
can use the course (COG) from the built-in GPS module by changing
NO to YES.
When using the GPS course as replacement for heading input, the
accuracy will be reduced in relation to speed, wind and current.
PLOT
Go to Wind interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
GOTO
Water Compass Wind Waypoi
Apparent wind input:
Group selection:
Source (none available):
PLOT
►
∆
SIMRAD
NONE
Calculated true wind input:
Group selection:
Source (none available):
SIMRAD
NONE
∆
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
Source - will indicate how many units are connected and available.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
PLOT
Chapter 9-19
Go to Waypoint interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
GOTO
Compass Wind Waypoint Ala
PLOT
►
∆
Waypoint location input:
Source (none available):
NONE
Target Lat/Lon input:
Source (none available):
NONE
MENU
Exit
WPL
RNN
RTE
OFF
OFF
OFF
∆
NMEA0183 output:
Waypoint location:
Routes:
Routes:
Accept ENT
Source - will indicate how many units are connected and available.
NMEA0183 output - see also section 9.6.1 Description of sentences.
Go to Alarm interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
GOTO
t Alarm SimNet diagnostic
Alarm:
Output (REMOTE pin 2,5):
Alarm stand-by level:
MOB-input:
(REMOTE pin 1,5)
Long press (5 sec.):
Short press:
PLOT
►
∆
Example:
CA34
ON
LOW
EXTERNAL MOB
OFF
∆
PLOT
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
Stand-by level can either be: LOW = 0 volt or HIGH = 5 volt.
Chapter 9-20
GOTO
t Alarm SimNet diagnostic
MENU
Exit
Example:
CA44/54
ON
LOW
Pos-status:
Output (pin 4,6):
Pos-status stand-by level:
MOB-input:
(pin 3,6)
Long press (5 sec.):
Short press:
►
∆
Alarm:
Output (pin 1,2):
Alarm stand-by level:
Log:
Output (pin 5,6):
PLOT
ON
HIGH
ON
EXTERNAL MOB
OFF
∆
◄
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Accept ENT
MOB-input
• Press the external switch for more than 5 seconds to activate the
MOB function (fixed setting), and press the [ENT] key to start MOB
navigation.
• Short press on the external switch (less than 5 seconds) will shift
page or plot ship’s position. Use the +/- keys to toggle between OFF,
SHIFT PAGE and PLOT SHIP’s POS:
SHIFT PAGE - short press on the external switch will shift to next
page stored under the PAGE key.
PLOT SHIP’s POS - short press on the external switch will plot and
save the actual position, which will be registered in the WP list.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Go to SimNet diagnostic interface - step back with [GOTO]
◄
GOTO
Alarm SimNet diagnostic S
SimNet error frame counter:
Receive que full:
Transmit que full:
Atmel receive not ready:
PLOT
►
0
0
0
0
∆
∆
PLOT
Chapter 9-21
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
SimNet error frame counter - if the figure is not 0 it could be due
to a number of things and not necessarily that there is a system error.
However, if the counter is active and the number is rapidly increasing, then the system has detected a fault.
For instance, if the SimNet cable is pulled, the counter will be activated and once the cable is back in place, the counter will stop, but
will stay at the figure it has reached. So therefore, a figure other than
0 does not necessarily mean that something is wrong, only if the
figure continues to increase.
Prior to call for technical assistance:
1. Check connected cabling.
2. Check supply voltage to be between 10.8-15 VDC to the SimNet
system.
3. Systematically disconnect one unit at a time to see which one is
causing the problem. Start at the opposite end of the 12V power
supply.
The three last lines in the SimNet diagnostic interface are for technicians only.
Chapter 9-22
PLOT
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Go to the next interface - step back with [GOTO]
The interfaces: SimNet input, SimNet output, NMEA0183 input and
NMEA0183 output are for technicians only.
PLOT
Go to the next and last interface: Identification
- step back with [GOTO]
◄
GOTO
83 output Identification
Unit description:
PLOT
►
∆
MULTI RADAR
Device instance
001
System instance
000
∆
MENU
Exit
Accept ENT
Unit description - can be customized to read e.g. MAIN UNIT or
BACK-UP UNIT. Maximum number of characters is 16.
The identification name can be seen in the Nodes interface - refer to
the beginning of this section.
ENT
MENU
Confirm editing, or...
exit function without making any changes
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-23
9.6.1 Description of sentences
Description of NMEA0183 version 3.0 output sentences
APB Autopilot sentence ‘B’.
BWC Bearing and distance to waypoint (Great circle).
BWR Bearing and distance to waypoint (Rhumbline).
DBK Depth below keel.
DBS Depth below surface.
DBT Depth below transducer.
DPT Depth, including offset.
GGA Global Positioning System fix data.
GLL Geographic position, latitude/longitude.
GL2 Geographic position, with 2 decimals.
GNS Satellite Fault Detection
MTW Water temperature
RMB Recommended minimum navigation information.
RMC Recommended minimum specific GPS data.
RNN Routes.
RTE Routes, ONC ON Complete route, or...
ONW ON Working route.
VHW Water speed and heading.
VTG Course over ground and ground speed.
WPL Waypoint location.
XTE Cross-Track-Error, measured.
ZTG UTC & time to destination waypoint.
ZDA Time and date.
Description of NMEA0183 instrument input
HDG Heading, Deviation and Variation.
HDM Heading, Magnetic.
HDT Heading, True.
MTW Water temperature.
MWV Wind speed and angle.
TLL Target data (will only be updated every 5 seconds).
VHW Water speed and heading.
VWR Relative wind speed and angle.
VWT True wind speed and angle.
WPL Waypoint data (will only be updated every 5 seconds).
Chapter 9-24
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Description of NMEA0183 external position, heading and speed
input
GLL
RMA
RMC
GGA
VTG
Geographic position, latitude/longitude.
Recommended minimum specific Loran C data.
Recommended minimum specific GPS data.
Global Positioning System fix data.
Track made good (course) and ground speed.
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-25
9.7 Palette setup
MENU
7,3
Quick change of preset color palettes via the [PWR] key.
Call up the menu bar, and...
load the Palette setup
Palette 1 to 4 are preset to 1:Bright (sunshine), 2:Day (normal daylight), 3:Dusk and 4:Night settings. These four setups are not adjustable. Palette 9:Multi is preset with multi color radar targets. Palette
5 to 8 can be customized to suit individual needs and wishes. If you
wish to make your own special palette setup in e.g. palette 5, then:
5
Select Palette setup: 5
Custom
Bright
Use cursor to scroll up/down in display
Chapter 9-26
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
A-Z
Key in a name for the new palette setup - max. 29 characters,
-refer to “Naming of routes, points, etc.” in section 2.6.
+/-
Toggle between available color settings
ENT
Confirm new setup
9.8 Factory settings
DELETE MEMORY: It will be possible to erase a single category
of objects entered into the unit by the user - for example, if moving
to a different place in the world you may no longer need the routes
etc. you have in the memory. However, an alternative is to store the
data on a DataCard or disc - refer to section 8.9.
FACTORY PRESETS: If the unit is still ‘alive’ but has ceased to
respond to normal operation, it could become necessary to return to
the factory presets - but first check ‘Troubleshooting’ in section 10.1.
MENU
7,4
Call up the menu bar, and...
activate the display for Factory settings
DELETE MEMORY:
1
Delete all WAYPOINTS
2
Delete all ROUTES
3
Delete all LINES
4
Delete all TRACKS
5
Delete all TARGETS
Used memory:
0%
FACTORY PRESETS:
6
Return to SimNet/NMEA presets
7
Return to CHART presets
8
Return to RADAR presets
9
Return to SOUNDER presets
CLR Return to all factory presets
0
Show test display
MENU Exit
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
Chapter 9-27
To activate any of the functions, please follow the instructions in
the display. However, any attempt to make any type of change, will
first of all generate a WARNING display to inform you that you are
about to erase some or all data/settings.
ENT
If you are absolutely sure, press [ENT] to complete the job
MENU
If not absolutely sure, press [MENU] to exit function without having
made any changes
Activating ‘Return to all factory presets’ will erase all user-made
settings including waypoints, routes, tracks etc. and restore the basic
settings from the factory. The unit will restart with ‘Automatic input
source setup’ as described in section 2.7 Initial start-up.
Activating ‘Return to SimNet/NMEA presets’ will give two choices:
Press [1]
Product SimNet reset
Reset this unit only
Will bring this unit only back to factory defaults of the Interface
setup. The unit will restart with ‘Automatic input source setup’ as
described in section 2.7 Initial start-up.
Press [2]
Global SimNet reset
Reset entire Simrad group
on the network
Will bring this unit together with all connected units (which are not
turned off at the moment) back to factory defaults of the Interface
setup. The units will restart with ‘Automatic input source setup’ as
described in section 2.7 Initial start-up.
Show test display
Information in this display is for technicians only.
POWER OFF - RESET
In case, for some reason, the unit is totally locked i.e. no immediate
response from the keypad, then first try to reset the unit by disconnecting the power supply. Reconnect the power cable and then start
up the unit again by presssing and holding the [PWR] key until a
picture appears on the screen.
Chapter 9-28
CA34/44/54 Setup menu
MASTER RESET (will return all settings to factory presets)
If the Power off - reset does not solve the problem, you may have to
perform a master reset by disconnecting the power supply, and then
while reconnecting the power cable you will have to press the [PWR]
and [CLR] keys at the same time, and hold both keys depressed until
a picture appears on the screen. All user-made data will be erased,
and all settings are returned to factory presets.
9.9 QuickGuide
A description of the key functions and general guidance* is available
in a QuickGuide, which can be accessed either at start-up display
- press [PAGE], or via the menu:
MENU
7,5
Call up the menu bar, and...
activate the QuickGuide
PAGE
Leaf through the information/help text in the PAGE system, General,
RADAR, CHART, ECHO, PILOT, Owner’s setup, and Connectors
MENU
Exit QuickGuide
* Some of the information will refer to several models in the XX34/
44/54 series.
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Chapter 10-1
10.1 Troubleshooting
For all fault finding, first check that the supply voltage is between 10-32 VDC
Symptom
No picture on display
screen
Picture appears on the
display screen, but image
is too dark or too bright
No normal picture or key
operation
No GPS position update
Screen update is
extremely slow
Echo picture appears
normal, but no target are
shown or only random
“noise” is seen
Check
Remedy
Check that the unit is
turned on
Check fuse in power cable
fuse holder
Press the [PWR] key on
keypad
Replace fuse. Use only type
T6.3A slow (5x20 mm)
Press [PWR], adjust light
and press [ENT]
Turn unit off and on again
Disconnect power and
connect power again
Check via [MENU], [7],
Remove C-MAP chart if
[CHART] if C-MAP chart defective
is defective
Return to factory presets,
see section 9.8
Check that position
mode is INTERNAL,
refer to interface setup in
[MENU],[7],[2], Position
Check antenna and cable
Replace antenna or cable
Turn off ‘Course line’
Check that the stored
for each stored route in
Tracks and Routes (not
sec.8.2, and turn off ‘Discurrently in use) are not
all drawn up on the chart play track’ in sec.8.6
Check that the correct
Change frequency from
transducer frequency is
Echo quick menu, press
selected
[ENT], [1] - see section
5.5.
Check that the transducer Correctly mate the conconnectors are securely
nectors to the unit
mated with the unit
Check that the receiver
Increase the receiver gain
gain is set high enough
in 5.7 Presentation setup
Check that the range is
Adjust the range in 5.7
correct for the water depth Presentation setup
Chapter 10-2
Symptom
Excessive noise in echo
picture
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Check
Check for correct grounding
Echo image on radar
Check if ship’s heading is
display differs from actual incorrect
image
Check if timing is incorrect
Echo images on radar
Check Gain, Sea and Rain
display are blurred
settings
Too much noise in radar
Check if tuning is incordisplay
rect
Alarm activated in radar
Check Alarms in section
function
3.2.10
All data is deleted after
Check battery lifetime.
turning off the unit and
Expected lifetime is min.
turning it back on
5 years
Remedy
Connected equipment must be properly
grounded to the main unit
Set ship’s heading correctly - see section 9.1
Set Zero Range correctly
- see section 9.1
Make adjustments - see
section 3.2.5
Adjust TUNE - see section 3.2.5
Internal battery must be
replaced by authorized
dealer
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Chapter 10-3
10.2 Preventive maintenance
Surface cleaning – to keep the CAXX cabinet and display screen clean, wipe
the surfaces with a clean damp cloth. For heavier cleaning, use a clean, damp
cloth which has been dipped in a solution of a mild dish detergent and water.
Wring out firmly before wiping the unit.
Never use cleaning solutions containing spirit, alcohol, gasoline or oils.
Electrical connections – periodically check the electrical connections. Make
sure that connections are tight and that no cables are frayed or worn.
Transducer - periodically clean the face of the transducer with a plastic utensil using a scrubbing action.
Do not use a harsh abrasive or a solvent to clean the transducer.
Radar antenna - periodically check that the scanner’s fitting bolts are tight
and not corroded. Every 6 to 12 months an even coating of grease should be
applied to the entire surface of the antenna drive gear with a spatula or brush.
Most of the maintenance of the radar antenna should be left to qualified
personnel. If there are problems with the performance, please contact your
authorized dealer.
Warning! Do not open the radome before the cable between the radar
antenna and CAXX has been disconnected. It is not sufficient just to turn off
the power by the switch, as the radar antenna is still supplied power inside.
10.3 Repair and service
The CAXX is sealed and does not contain any user serviceable parts. Opening
of this unit will void its warranty. If the CAXX requires servicing or repair,
call your authorized SIMRAD dealer, but first check Troubleshooting in section 10.1.
Spare parts – fuses may be bought from a chandler or a marine supply store.
Use only fuses specified for this unit – see 10.4 Specifications.
If you require a SIMRAD part, please contact your authorized dealer.
Chapter 10-4
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
10.4 Specifications
General data
Power supply: 12 and 24 V DC (10-32 V DC max) 20 - 70 watts
+ Radar supply box to run radar antenna - see below.
Power cable: With fuse T6.3A, 4 pin connector, 2 m (153-5000-006)
Dimensions: CA34: H:220 mm (8.7”) L:220 mm (8.7”) D:112 mm (4.5”)
CA44: H:220 mm (8.7”) L:365 mm (14.6”) D:75 mm (3”)
CA54: H:330 mm (13”) L:460 mm (18.1”) D:95 mm (3.7”)
Weight:
CA34: 3.2 kg (7 lbs), CA44: 3.7 kg (8.1 lbs), CA54: 6.6 kg
(14.5 lbs)
Environment: 0 to +50°C, waterproof USC 46 CFR and IP55
Housing:
Casted aluminum back, polycarbonate front
Display:
TFT/ATFT color, power backlight, 640x480 pixels
Interfaces:
XX34: 1 port in/out NMEA 0183
1 port SimNet/NMEA2000
XX44/54: 2 ports in/out NMEA 0183 (incl.SimNet/
NMEA2000 via AT44 Active Tee)
PC up/download WPL and RTE
- alarm:
Alarm relay (contact closure), (CA44/54)
Signal output 5 V 50 mA (CA34)
- log out:
200 pulses/nm (5 Volt pulses), (CA44/54)
Main fuse:
T6.3A slow (5x20 mm)
SimNet control
Maximum number of products connected in a network:.....................50 units
Maximum cable length (excl. 30 m wind transducer cable):.......120 m (400’)
Bit rate of the bus:................................................................... 250 kbit/second
Maximum DC current through a single SimNet plug: ................................5A
SimNet power supply:............................................................... 10.8 - 15 VDC
Maximum drop cable length:.............................................................6 m (20’)
Maximum total length of all drop cables ......................................60 m (200’)
Environmental protection: Cable and plug/connector system:.................IP66
Temperature: ...................................................................... max. 70°C (158°F)
Radar supply box RS4050 to run radar antennas RB714/5/6A
Addendum:
183-0700-003
Dimensions: H:125mm, L:222mm, D:81mm
Power supply: 12 and 24 V DC (10-32 V DC max)
Fuses:
Radar supply fuse 4A F
Main fuse 6A.3F
High voltage fuse 160 mAF
Radar motor fuse 6A.3F
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Chapter 10-5
Radar supply box RS4052 to run radar antennas RB717/8A
Addendum:
183-0700-004
Dimensions: H:161.9mm, L:263mm, D:91mm
Power supply: 24 V DC (18-32 V DC max)
Fuses:
Radar supply fuse 10 AT
Main fuse 6A.3F
High voltage fuse 200 mAF
Radar motor fuse 3.16AT
GPS section
Receiver type: 14 channel parallel, C/A code, 8 state Kalman filter
Accuracy:
Position (DGPS):
2-5 m RMS
Position (SDGPS):
3-7 m RMS
Position (GPS):
8 m RMS
Speed:
0.1 kn
Course:
1°
Speed filter:
10 settings
Update rate:
1 second interval, typical
Dynamics:
Velocity:
600 km/h
Acceleration:
10 m / s2
Weight:
GPS antenna RS5640
Quadrifilar Helix
L:230 mm
D:38 mm
150 g (0.33 lbs)
Environment:
Mounting:
Cable:
-35°C to +75°C, 95% rel.
1” 14 thread (standard US)
10 m RG58 (standard), 15 m RG223 (option), max. 30 m RG213
Type:
Dimensions:
DGPS antenna MGL-3
Patch and H-field
H:75 mm
D:127 mm
600 g (1.3 lbs)
Chartplotter section
Chart system: C-MAP NT+
Presentation: Dual chart - two charts in individual scales and detail levels
Internal
memory:
Dynamic storage with combinations of/or totals up to:
35,000 marks/waypoints,
10,000 waypoints w/name (25 characters),
50,000 trackpoints,
50,000 line sections,
1,000 routes.
Chapter 10-6
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Radar section
Display modes: Head Up, North Up, True Motion, Dual Range.
Range scale: 0.125 – 48nm in 11 steps or multi range.
Min. range:
30 meters
Range
resolution:
30 meters
Bearing
accuracy:
1° or better
Off-center:
Max 66%.
Guard zone:
Can be set at any desired distance and angle in any desired
width. IN and OUT modes are available.
Stretch:
AUTO, PULSE, VIDEO.
Trail (wake): 30 sec., 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 30 min. or permanent.
Radar radome antennas
Radome:
Scanner:
Range:
Rotation speed:
Beamwidth:
Horizontal
Vertical
Cables:
10m
15m
20m
30m
40m
RB714A
45cm
2kW
to 24nm
24rpm
5.9°
25°
153.3002.012
153.3002.013
153.3002.014
153.3002.314
153.3002.414
RB715A
65cm
4kW
to 36nm
24 or 48rpm
3.9°
25°
153.3002.015
153.3002.016
153.3002.017
153.3002.317
153.3002.417
Radar open antennas
Open array:
Scanner:
Range:
Rotation speed:
RB717A
4 or 6 ft
6kW
to 72nm
24 or 48
(24V) rpm
1.8°, 1.2°
22°
153.3002.008
153.3002.009
153.3002.010
153.3002.030
153.3002.040
RB718A
4 or 6 ft
12kW
to 96nm
24 or 48
(24V) rpm
1.8°, 1.2°
22°
153.3002.008
153.3002.009
153.3002.010
153.3002.310
153.3002.410
RB716A
3 or 4 ft
4kW
to 48nm
24 or 48
(24V) rpm
Beamwidth: Horizontal 2.5°, 1.8°
Vertical
22°
Cables:
10m
153.3002.008
15m
153.3002.009
20m
153.3002.010
30m
153.3002.030
40m
153.3002.040
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Chapter 10-7
Echosounder section (CA34)
Frequencies: 50 and 200 kHz, selectable
Output power: Variable up to 600W RMS (4,800 W PP)
Impedance:
175 / 425 ohms
Display ranges: 5 to 1000 m in 21 steps, manual and auto mode
Detection
ranges:
Frequency
Beam
Bottom
50 kHz
45°
800 m / 2,400 ft
200 kHz
15°
350 m / 1,050 ft
Pulse length:
Transmission
rate:
Alarms:
Zoom mode:
Short, medium, long and auto
10 pings per second
Fish, max. and min. depth
Shift, bottom and VRM expansion, 1 to 50 meters, feet or
fathoms
Event marker: At current ping and depth memory
Picture speed: True distance or time, high, medium, low, and freeze
Noise filter:
User selectable on/off
Echo presentation:
A-scope and white line discrimination
Temperature: Sensor or NMEA
Speed:
Sensor or NMEA
Echosounder section (CA44/54)
Frequencies: 38, 50 and 200 kHz, selectable
Output power: Variable up to 1kW RMS per channel
Impedance:
75 ohms
Display ranges: 3 to 3000 m in 21 steps, manual and auto mode
Detection
ranges:
Frequency
Beam
Fish*
Bottom*
38 kHz
13x21°
410m
1800 m
50 kHz
10x16°
430m
1500 m
200 kHz
7°
280m
400 m
*Single Fish Target Strength: -30dB (60cm cod)
*Bottom Back Scattering Strength: -20dB
*Simrad transducer C38/200 or C50/200
Pulse length:
Transmission
rate:
Alarms:
Short, medium, long and auto
10 pings per second
Fish, max. and min. depth
Chapter 10-8
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Zoom mode:
Shift, bottom and VRM expansion, 3 to 50 meters, feet or
fathoms
Event marker: At current ping and depth memory
Picture speed: True distance or time, high, medium, low, and freeze
Noise filter:
User selectable on/off
Echo presentation:
A-scope and white line discrimination
Temperature: Sensor or NMEA
Speed:
Sensor or NMEA
50/200kHz medium-range transducers (Airmar Des.A)
B256: 1kW medium range transducer, 16x28° and 4x6° beams.
B45: 600W bronze stem mount transducer, 45° and 15° beam.
B744V: 600W bronze thru hull triducer, depth, speed and temperature,
45° and 15° beam.
P66: 600W plastic transom mount triducer, depth, speed and temperature,
45° and 15° beam.
P319: 600W plastic thru-hull transducer, 45° and 15° beam.
ST650: Speed and temperature only.
Dual frequency transducers (CA44/54)
Simrad C38/200, 1kW high performance combi transducer 38 and 200kHz,
13x21° and 7° beams.
Simrad C50/200, 1kW high performance combi transducer 50 and 200kHz,
10x16° and 7° beams.
Simrad W38/200, 300W wide beam high performance combi transducer 38
and 200kHz, 32° beams.
Airmar B260-22, 1kW combi transducer 50 and 200kHz, 19° and 6° beams.
Cables included
Power cable, 2 m, 4-pin female connector, incl. fuse (153-5000-006)
NMEA cable, 1.5 m, 9-pin female connector (153-3002-005)
Antenna cable, 10 m RG58
Accessories included for CA44/54
AT44 Active Tee with connector for SimNet control (153-5555-449)
SimNet cables and accessories (not included)
SimNet cable 0.3 m (1’), (24005829)
SimNet cable 2 m (6.6’), (24005837)
SimNet cable 5 m (16.6’), (24005845)
SimNet cable 10 m (33’), (24005852)
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
Chapter 10-9
SimNet cable Tee Joiner (24005860)
SimNet cable gland (24005878)
SimNet protection plug (24005886)
SimNet termination plug (24005894)
2 m (6.6’) SimNet power incl. termination (24005902)
2 m (6.6’) SimNet power excl. termination (24005910)
AT10 Universal NMEA0183 converter (24005936)
SimNet cable protection cap (24005928)
SimNet/NMEA2000 adapter cable
Options for CA34/44/54
Simrad DataCards
C-MAP NT+ electronic charts
6-channel NMEA Buffer RS5345
PC data cable, 1.5 m (153-3002-024)
Universal connection cable for echo transducer, 2 m (153-3004-002)
Antenna cable 15 m RG223
DS34 Dual Station*, 7” TFT LCD color screen
DS44 Dual Station*, 10” TFT/ATFT LCD color screen
DS54 Dual Station*, 15” TFT LCD color screen
*) incl. 15 m cable (153-3002-023) - max. length 25 m.
Extension cable for dual station, 10 m (153-6080-004)
Options only for CA34
Alarm/NMEA cable, 2 m (153-6080-001)
Options only for CA44
TiltFrame, 10” (700-5000-042)
Options only for CA44/54
NMEA1 cable, 1.5 m, 9-pin male connector (153-3002-004)
TL50 TurboLoader, external disc drive and NMEA interface
Sunhood, 10” (140-6515) or 15” (140-6752)
Chapter 10-10
CA34/44/54 Troubleshooting, Service and Specifications
CA34/44/54 Glossary of terms
Appendix A-1
General
Almanac – a satellite’s almanac data, is data which determines an approximate lane for satellites in orbit. The almanac data is used by the GPS receiver
to find and lock onto the satellite signal. CAXX has a built-in basic almanac.
AVN – Approximate Velocity Necessary – to arrive at a specific waypoint at a
specific time.
Bearing – is the direction of where to go e.g. towards a specific waypoint.
Course – Course Over Ground, magnetic or true. The direction of which the
vessel is moving.
Configuration – the configuration functions of the CAXX allow you to adapt
the system more specifically to your needs. You may set Units of measure
(feet, fathoms, meters, etc.), Menu language, Scroll speed, etc.
dGPS – differential data is received from satellites via built-in DGPS module
or an external DGPS Receiver.
ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival - at a specific waypoint if keeping a steady speed.
Great circle – the shortest distance between two points on the globe.
Heading – the direction of which the vessel is pointing (from ext.compass).
Measurement units – the user may select the displayed units to be one of the
following:
m
meters
ft
feet, 1 foot is 0.3048 meter
fm
fathoms, 1 fathom is 1.83 meters
nm
nautical mile, 1 nm is 1852 meters
kn
knots, nautical mile per hour
km
kilometer, 1 km is 1000 meters
kh
kilometer per hour
mi
statute mile, 1 mile is 1609 meters
mh
mile per hour
MENU – the selection of main menus will be shown in the upper part of the
screen. Leaf through the menus by means of the cursor key and the [ENT]
key, or use the numerical keys to activate one of the menus.
Appendix A-2
CA34/44/54 Glossary of terms
Navigation simulator - the chartplotter function features a built-in navigation
simulator which can be used for demonstration purpose or for practicing ‘live’
navigation in ‘off season’.
Navigation to cursor or waypoint, in route or in track is started as described
in chapter 6. The navigation simulator is started via the interface setup: Press
[MENU], [7], [2], [PLOT]; under index tab ‘Position’ use the cursor to go to
‘Position mode’ and use the +/- keys to toggle to ‘Dead Reckoning’; then go to
‘Dead reckoning speed’ if you wish to change the current speed by entering a
new figure; press [ENT] to confirm.
The ship symbol will now ‘sail’ to the point of destination directly or via the
route you have selected and you can see how the alarms and automatic waypoint
shift all work, as if you were sailing yourself. You can also simulate making a
track trailing the ship or plotting eventmarks, etc. as the ship is ‘sailing’.
NMEA – National Marine Electronics Association. The NMEA is an organization of manufacturers of marine electronics equipment. They have adopted
the NMEA0183 as a standard for communications between various types of
marine electronic equipment.
Port side – left (red).
Position update - if, for some reason, there is no position update from GPS
or external sensor, the displayed position will start to flash and an alarm will
be activated to alert the operator. ‘Position missing’ alarm can be set ON/OFF
- see section 7.5. Reset the alarm by [CLR]. The displayed position will stop
flashing once normal position update is resumed.
Restart to approaching point – will automatic recalculate the navigation data
from current position to approaching point.
Rhumbline – is the straight line to a waypoint on a chart.
SDGPS - Satellite Differential Global Positioning System - will provide position corrections from received satellite signals (WAAS, EGNOS, and MSAS).
Speed – Speed Over Ground, indicated in knots, kilometers, or miles.
Starboard side – right (green).
TFT – Thin-Film Transistor (Active matrix) display.
UTC – Universal Time Coordinates, which is equal to standard time in
London (GMT). UTC is not affected by the local summertime adjustments.
CA34/44/54 Glossary of terms
Appendix A-3
Velocity – speed towards approaching waypoint.
XTE – Cross-Track-Error (-Distance), measured magnitude of the position
error perpendicular to the intended track line.
Echosounder section:
Alarms – can be set to sound a “beep” if the echosounder detects a target
above (shallower than) a minimum alarm depth or below (deeper than) a
maximum alarm depth. The CAXX allows you to set the alarm depths and to
enable or disable both the minimum and maximum depth alarms.
A-scope – a method of displaying the echosounder information. In A-Scope
mode, the echoes are displayed in a “bar-graph” format, with stronger echoes
displayed not only in the color representing their target strength, but also in a
width representing their target strength.
Depths – DK = Depth below keel, DS = Depth below surface, DT = Depth
below transducer.
Echogram background color – is the color shown on the CAXX in the event
no target is present. There are three colors to choose from, white, blue or
black, where black is especially useful during nighttime operation when the
white background could appear too bright.
Echosounder frequency 38 (CA44/54), 50 or 200 kHz can be selected to suit
the task. 200 kHz is for general purpose and offers optimum discrimination
and a narrow transmitter beam. 38/50 kHz is for searching in a wider area,
determining bottom conditions and going the deepest.
Transducer – the transducer serves as the acoustic “loudspeaker” and “microphone” to send and receive the signals through the water. They are most
often made from ceramic elements carefully built into a robust housing. The
ceramic elements change shape when a voltage is applied across them (when
the CAXX transmits a signal), and they also generate a voltage when they
encounter sound waves (as when the CAXX is receiving an echo).
Radar section:
Cursor function – The cursor appears on the display as a small
symbol.
To activate the cursor, just press the cursor key. The cursor may now be
positioned by using the cursor key. When the cursor is set to a position on the
Appendix A-4
CA34/44/54 Glossary of terms
screen, the bearing and distance from ship’s position to cursor position will be
displayed in the top line of the screen. To turn off the cursor, press CLR.
When heading and valid position data is available, the chart cursor will be
synchronized to the radar cursor, and thus be controlled by the radar cursor in
the Radar & Chart display.
HU – Head-Up The heading line always appears on the display at 0 degrees
as the antenna beam passes the bow of the vessel. Targets appearing on the
display are relative to your own ship’s position and heading.
NU – North-Up In this mode, targets are displayed at their measured distances
in true direction from your boat. North being at the top of the display. To operate in North-Up mode will require valid heading from connected compass.
Off-Center mode - lets you position the origin of own ship to any point on the
screen within 66% of the radius of the display (the center 2/3 of the display).
The Off-Center mode permits the operator to obtain a longer view in the
direction of interest.
Overlay - live radar images shown in a separate layer directly on the chart
gives you full control in difficult situations. To activate the overlay will
require the following conditions: Valid position, valid heading information,
and Radar orientation mode must be in NU RM (North Up, Relative Motion)
or NU TM (North up, True Motion).
Short press on the [RADAR] key will toggle overlay on/off.
In HU RM (Head Up, Relative Motion) mode and in the Radar & Chart display, the overlay is disabled.
PLOT function – will require that a heading sensor (Gyro or Compass) is
connected to the CAXX. If so, then you can plot the actual cursor position
on the radar display by pressing the [PLOT] key from the radar display, and
thereby save the position in the WP-list as a waypoint i.e. you can give the
plotted waypoint a new name/number, symbol, color, etc.
Relative motion Land, buoys and fixed objects move past own ship.
True motion – land, buoys and fixed objects remain stationary on the screen
while moving targets and own ship track across screen.
CA34/44/54 List of datum
Select the appropriate datum by
inserting the number prefix:
Press [MENU], [4], [2], [ADJ], and
key in the desired number by means
of the numerical keys or the +/- keys,
confirm entry by [ENT].
000
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
021
022
023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030
031
032
033
034
035
036
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
European 1950
European 1979
North American 1927
North American 1983
Geodetic Datum 1983
Ordnance Survey of GB 1936
South American 1969
Adindan
Afgooye
Ain el Abd 1970
Anna 1 Astro 1965
Arc 1950
Arc 1960
Ascension Island 1958
Astro Beacon E
Astro B4 Sorol Atoll
Astro Dos 71/4
Astronomic Station 1952
Australian Geodetic 1966
Australian Geodetic 1984
Bellevue (IGN)
Bermuda 1957
Bogota Observatory
Campo Inchauspe
Canton Astro 1966
Cape
Cape Canaveral
Carthage
Chatham 1971
Chua Astro
Corrego Allegre
Djakarta
DOS 1968
Easter Island 1967
Gandajika Base
Appendix B-1
037 Guam 1963
038 GUX 1 Astro
039 Hjorsey 1955
040 Hong Kong 1963
041 Indian
042 Ireland 1965
043 ISTS 073 Astro 1969
044 Johnston Island 1961
045 Kandawala
046 Kerguelen Island
047 Kertau 1948
048 L.C. 5 Astro
049 Liberia 1964
050 Luzon
051 Mahe 1971
052 Marco Astro
053 Massawa
054 Merchic
055 Mercury 1960
056 Midway Astro 1961
057 Minna
058 Modified Mercury 1968
059 Nahrwan
060 Nanking 1960
061 Naparima, BW1
062 Observatorio 1966
063 Old Egyptian
064 Old Hawaiian
065 Oman
066 Pico de las Nieves
067 Pitcairn Astro 1967
068 Prov. South Chilean 1963
069 Prov. South American 1956
070 Puerto Rico
071 Qatar National
072 Qornoq
073 Reunion
074 Rome 1940
075 Santo (DOS)
076 Sao Bras
077 Sapper Hill 1943
078 Schwarzeck
079 South Asia
080 Southeast Base
Appendix B-2
081
082
083
084
085
086
087
088
089
090
091
092
093
094
095
096
097
098
099
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
Southwest Base
Timbalai 1948
Tokyo
Tristan Astro 1968
Viti Levu 1916
Wake-Eniwetok 1960
Wake Island Astro 1952
Zanderij
Finnish Datum
Swedish Datum
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1972
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
World Geodetic System 1984
Lisboa Datum
Pulkovo 1942
North Am. 1927 Alaska, Can.
South American - Yacare
Old Hawaiian Maui
Old Hawaiian Oahu
Old Hawaiian Kauai
Bukit Rimpah
Camp Area Astro
Guam 1963
G. Segara
Herat North
HU-TZU-SHAN
Indian (old)
Qornoq Datum 1927
Scoresbysund Datum 1952
Angmassalik Datum 1958
Tanarieve Observatory 1925
Timbalai
Special Indian (MGRS rel.)
CA34/44/54 List of datum
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Appendix C-1
The optional detailed C-MAP NT+ cards can provide numerous of functions
which are accessible via symbols presented on the electronic chart. Place the
cursor on a C-MAP object e.g. a buoy or light to call up a small data window
with details on the object. The data window will stay on screen for about 10
seconds or till cursor is moved. For expanded information, place the cursor on
a C-MAP object and press [ENT] to call up an info window:
Scale: 1:20000
No user data
at cursor position
2
Actual chart scale
1
Edit user data
Inactive function
2
Chart info
See details below
3
Find nearest port services
See details below
4
Bearing and dist from A to B See sec. 4.4.2
5
Lock cursors
See sec. 4.4.2
0
Cursor to center
See sec. 4.4.2
PAGE More user data
Inactive function
MENU Exit
Exit info window
Chart info will provide information on the C-MAP objects e.g.
Lighthouse, Depth area, Fishery zone, Navigation mark, Buoy, Fog
signal, etc.
More details
next page.
Appendix C-2
ENT
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Press [ENT] to Open/Close for additional information available for
the object next to ⌧ symbols.
Use the cursor to move up/down in the list of objects in the left
column
- details on the object will appear in the right column. In case the
details overflows the window, use the +/- keys to move up/down in
the text lines. Press [MENU] to exit the function.
Service information
With cursor placed on the chart, the service information will be provided in relation to the cursor position. With the chart cursor turned
off (press [CLR], the service information will be provided in relation
to the ship’s position:
ENT
3
Press [ENT] from the chart display to call up the Info window
Find nearest port services will call up a list of symbols with relevant information on each symbol. The details in the right column
will indicate the distance from the ship to the selected service. The
services with the shortest distance are listed first.
Use the cursor to go to the object in the left column you wish to have
information on
- e.g. the “Port / Marina” symbol and then use the +/- keys to highlight the location you wish to locate on the chart by pressing [ENT].
The chart will now zoom in on the Port / Marina location you
selected from the list - see example next page.
Use the same procedure to locate a Hospital, Coast Guard, Fuel Station, Public Telephone, Provisions, etc.
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Appendix C-3
The facility information will stay on the screen for about 10 seconds.
ENT
2
With the cursor left on the Port/Marina symbol, press [ENT], and
[2] to call up the details on the facilities at this location
Use the cursor key to scroll up/down in the objects in the left colum,
and look in the right column for details on the objects
The objects next to ⌧ symbols have additional information for
which you can Open/Close by the [ENT] key.
ENT
Exit Chart info
Appendix C-4
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Tide information
ENT
Press [ENT] from the chart display to call up the Info window
3
Press [3] to call up the C-MAP symbols with available facilities
+/-
Use the +/- keys to select the location where you want to know the
tide height
ENT
Press [ENT] to go to the tide symbol on the location
ENT
With the cursor placed on the tide symbol, press [ENT] to call up
the INFO window
2
MENU
Press [2] to access chart info
Press [MENU] when you are ready to exit Tide height
If you wish to see the low and high tides for a different date - in the
past or in the future - it is possible to change the date:
Day
In the display there will be a red box cursor on the number of the day
in the month. Toggle to a different number (date) with the +/- keys.
Month
Use the cursor (right side) to go to the present month. Toggle to a different month with the +/- keys.
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Year
Appendix C-5
Use the cursor (right side) to go to the year. Toggle to a different year
with the +/- keys.
The last four lines in the tide display will inform of Begin and End
Twilight, Sunrise and Sunset for the selected date.
Example of Tide height information:
Caution - the tide information system is quite accurate. However, the predictions are subject to variables, which, like the weather, are beyond the control
of man. The tide predictions are based on normal weather conditions. Hurricanes and strong winds will often have a strong influence on the water level,
which can vary several meters. Changes in a coast line, either due to natural
erosion, major storms or larger man-made constructions, like breakwaters or
dredged canals, can also have influence on the local tide situation.
Appendix C-6
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Objects organized in categories
The purpose of the C-MAP functions is to select objects, which are to be displayed on the screen (chart). The objects are organized in categories and each
category can be selected as one, without having to decide upon almost 300
objects separately. Refer to section 4.5 Chart setup.
The following functions are used to enable/disable visualization of the categories listed below:
LAND SETTINGS
Natural features:
Land area and coastline
Hill, dune area
Land contour lines
Salt pan
Slope topline
Tree point
Vegetation area
Natural features rivers:
Lake, Waterfall
River, Canal
Cultural features:
Airport area
Built-up area
Railway
Road in general
Overhead cable, w/pylons
Overhead pipeline
Fence line
Telepheric
Bridge
Tunnel, tunnel entrance
Landmarks:
Nature of seabed:
Seabed area, rocky area,
coral reef
Weed / kelp
Sand waves
Spring in seabed
Signals:
Anchor point
Cairn
Chain / Wire
Fog signal
Radar reflector
Top mark
Navigational aid, generic
Extended nav.aid, generic
Radar station
Radar transponder beacon
Radio station
Building, religious / single
Cemetery
Fortifid structure
Siloway route part
Tank, chimney
Dish aerial
Radar dome
Flagstaff / Flagpole
Flare stack
Mast, tower
Monument
Windmill, windmotor
MARINE SETTINGS
Names:
Text
Nav-Aids/Light Sectors:
Lighthouse, Light float
Lighted offshore platform
Light in general
Attention Areas:
- see Caution Areas
Tides, currents:
Tide height (predictions)
Current
Water turbulence
Buoys:
Cardinal
Installation
Isolated danger
Lateral
Safe water
Special purpose
Generic
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Ports:
Berthing facility-up area
Causeway
Checkpoint
Crane
Dam
Distance mark
Dock area
Dry dock
Dyke area
Dyke crown
Floating dock
Gate
Harbor facility
Landing place
Lock basin
Oil barrier
Ramp area
Shoreline construction
Slipway
Weir line
Small craft facility
Coastguard station
Pilot boarding place
Rescue station
Signal station, warning
Port area
Harbor master
Coast guard
Police
Customs
Health emergency
Post office
Yacht club
Boat yard
Marine electronics
Electric/electronic repairs
Engine repairs
Sailmaker
Fishing/diving gear
Scuba recharge
Hotel/Inn
Restaurant
Bank/Exchange office
Pharmacy
Port/Marina
Boat hoist
Fuel station
Water
Electricity
Showers
Laundrette
Public toilets
Post box
Public telephone
Refuse bin
Visitor’s berth
Chaneler
Provisions
Bottle gas
Car parking
Parking for boat+trailer
Caravan site
Camping site
Sewerage pump station
Public telegraph
Public radio
Public radiotelegraph
Appendix C-7
Tracks, routes:
Deep water route part
Deep water route centrel.
Fairway
Ferry route
Navigation line
Precautionary area
Radar line
Radar range
Radio calling
Recomm. route centreline
Recommended track
Recomm. traffic lane part
Traffic separation line
Traffic sep. boundary
Traffic sep. crossing
Traffic sep. land part
Traffic sep. roundabout
Traffic separation zone
Two-way route part
Appendix C-8
Attention Areas/
Caution Areas:
Fishing facility
Marine farm/culture
Cable, submarine
Cable area
Offshore production area
Pipeline area
Anchor berth
Anchorage area
Cargo transhipment area
DEPTH SETTINGS
Soundings:
Spot sounding
Underwater objects:
Rocks
Wreck area
Obstruction
Submarine cable
Submarine pipeline
Cable area, submarine
pipeline area
CA34/44/54 C-MAP attributes
Contiguous zone
Continental shelf area
Custom zone
Dumping ground
Exclusive economic zone
Fishery zone
Fishing ground
Free port area
Harbor area (administr.)
Incineration area
Log pond
Depths:
Depth contour
Shallow water blue
Zero meter contour
Military practice area
National territorial area
Restricted area
Sea-plane landing area
Spoil ground
Straight territorial sea
baseline
Submarine transit lane
Territorial sea area
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Index
Agents
end of manual
Alarms,
- anchor
6-3
- circle
6-3
- depth
9-7,A-3
- fish
9-7
- MOB
back of front cover, 8-15
- position update
7-8
- radar
3-24
- speed
9-11
- XTE
6-3,A-3
Almanac
A-1
Anchor guard
6-19
- select
4-14
Antenna, altitude
9-2,6-8
Bearing
Chart functions
- built-in world chart
- chart features
- colors
- cursor
- custom screen
- data field
- declutter
- display modes
- dual chart
- GOTO menu
- grid
- menu
- orientation
- PLOT menu
- quick menu
- radar & chart display
- range
- return to chart presets
- rotation resolution
- setup
- ship symbol
- shortcut to chart serie
- show range
- symbols
- zoom
9-9,A-1
1-6
4-4
4-21
9-25
4-3,4-17
4-1,4-6
4-2
4-19
4-17,4-18
4-5
4-14
4-4,4-18
4-1
4-17
4-15
4-7
3-24
4-4
9-26
4-17
4-17
4-3
4-1
4-17
2-7
4-4
Chart quick menu
- cursor active but not placed on
any object or data
- cursor inactive
- cursor placed on route leg or
line section
- cursor placed on routepoint or
linepoint
- cursor placed on target
- cursor placed on trackpoint
- cursor placed on waypoint
- GOTO menu
- PLOT menu
4-7
4-8
4-7
4-10
4-11
4-13
4-12
4-9
4-14
4-15
C-MAP
9-5
- attributes
C-1
- chart info
C-1
- features
4-18,4-19,4-20
- find nearest port services C-1,C-2
- insert/remove cartridge
9-5
- objects organized in categories C-6
- tide information
C-4
COG vector length
9-9
Configuration
A-1
Contrast & light
2-8
Course over ground
6-9, A-1
- filter
9-9
- magnetic or true
6-6
Cursor navigation
6-14
- cursor navigation setup
6-3
Data transfer,
- via DataCard or disc
8-16
- via PC interface
8-20
Datums
6-6,6-7
- list of datums
B-1
Daylight display
9-25
Dead reckoning
9-15,A-2
Decca lanes
7-5
- list of decca chains
7-5
Declaration of conformity end of manual
Depth
6-6
- display depth in POS display
6-8
Index
Depth & temperature diagram
Differential data
- DGPS information
- SDGPS information
- SDGPS systems
- status indicator & accuracy
DOP limit
DSC info
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
7-15
6-7
7-9
7-11
7-11
6-7
7-8
7-14
Echosounder functions
1-10
- A-scope
5-5,A-3
- background color
9-25,A-3
- bottom lock display
5-5
- change frequency
5-5
- color threshold
5-7
- custom screen
5-1
- data field
5-3
- demo mode
9-7
- depth
9-7,A-3
- depth grid
5-7
- dual frequency (CA44/54)
5-2
- effects of the vessel’s speed
5-12
- event marker
5-6,4-16
- expansion window
5-7
- frequency
9-7,A-3
- gain
5-7
- how the echosounder works
5-10
- menu
5-2
- operation
5-1
- ping to ping filter
5-7
- plot waypoint from echogram 4-16,5-6
- presentation setup
5-7
- quick menu
5-5
- range
5-3,5-7
- restart of AUTO pulse/power
9-7
- return to sounder presets
9-26
- sampling
9-7
- scroll speed
5-7
- scroll synchronization
5-7
- selecting displays
5-1,5-2
- setup
9-6
- set vertical mark
5-6,4-16
- shift display
5-5
- shortcut to echo serie
5-2
Echosounder functions - continued,
- signal threshold
5-7
- standard display
5-3,5-5
- time / distance scale
9-7
- transducer
9-7,A-3
- transducer beamwidth
5-11
- transmission line
5-3
- transmit power
5-5,5-7
- transmit pulse length
5-7
- TVG
5-7
- variable range marker
5-4
- VRM expansion
5-6
- white line
5-7
- zoom display
5-5
ETA & AVN display
6-10,A-1
External switch
9-20
Factory settings
- master reset
- power off - reset
- return to all factory presets
Fundamentals
9-26
9-28
9-27
9-26
2-1
Global Positioning System
Glossary of terms
GOTO menu
- advance to next point
- restart to approaching point
- select NAV mode
- turn NAV off
GPS receiver type
1-1
A-1
4-14
4-14
4-14
4-14
4-14
9-11
How to get started
HDOP limit
Initial start-up
Interface setup, alarm output
Interface setup
- description of sentences
- return to SimNet/NMEA presets
Introduction
Key functions
-dedicated function keys
1-3
7-8
2-7
9-20
9-13
9-23
9-26
1-1
2-3
1-4
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Index
Key symbols in manual
1-2
Language
Light & contrast
Lines,
- delete all
- draw new line
- edit via chart
- edit via menu
- line list
- stored in the memory
Local time and date
Log
- reset
- speed calibration
Loran C
- list of Loran C chains
2-9,9-11
2-8
8-10
4-15
4-10,4-11
8-10
8-9
8-9
9-9
6-6,6-7
6-7
9-17
7-6
7-6
Maintenance
10-3
Master reset
9-28
Measurement units
9-11,A-1
- setup
9-11
Memory,
- delete
9-26
- used
9-26
Menu bar
2-5
Menu layout
2-6
Miscellaneous menu
7-1
MOB function
back of front cover
- alarm and navigation
6-19
- check last activated MOB 6-19,8-15
- external switch
9-20
- turn MOB function off
6-19
Naming of routes, points, etc.
Navigation,
- advance to next point
- Approx.Velocity Necessary
- auto waypoint shift
- cursor navigation
- Estimated Time of Arrival
- examples
- highway display
- orientation on chart
2-7
4-14
6-10
6-3
6-14
6-10
6-14
6-5
4-17
Navigation - continued,
- restart to approaching point
4-14
- route navigation
6-16
- set & drift display
6-12
- setup
6-3
- simulator
9-15,A-2
- track navigation
6-17
- trim & highway display
6-11
- turn navigation off
4-14,6-15
- waypoint navigation
6-15
NMEA/SimNet interface
9-13
- return to SimNet/NMEA presets 9-26
Page system
2-1
- exchange a display
2-2
- exchange a page
2-2
- rotation inverval
9-11
Palette setup
9-25
PDOP limit
7-8
Pilot menu
6-1
- custom display
6-1,6-13
- ETA & AVN
6-10, A-1
- highway display
6-3,6-5
- NAV active
6-5
- NAV inactive
6-3
- shortcut to pilot serie
6-1
PLOT menu
4-15
- draw line
4-15
- make route
4-15
- plot ship’s position as WP
4-15
- plot target
4-15
- plot waypoint
3-25,4-15
- set vertical mark
4-15
Position
- display
6-6
- display setup
6-7
- flashing
6-6,A-2
- setup
9-9
- start
9-9
- update alarm
7-7,7-8
Power off
2-9
Power on
2-9
QuickGuide
9-28
Index
Radar functions
1-6
- alarms
3-26
- blind sectors
3-5
- colors on screen
3-27,9-25
- control menu
3-11,3-24
- cursors function
A-3
-EBL-VRM
3-17
-radar cursor
3-11,3-17
- demo mode
3-28
- dual Radar display
3-24
- effects of ship’s movement
3-2
- environmental effects
3-3
- false echoes
3-7
- Gain
3-11
-auto gain values
9-2
-control
3-13
- Guard Zone
3-15
- GZ target threshold
9-2
- heading
3-16
-adjust
9-2
-line
3-17
- initial setup
3-9
- interference
3-6
- menu
3-8
- navigational echoes
3-4
- navigation waypoint on
radar screen
3-27
- off-center mode
3-26,A-4
- operation
3-1
- orientation
3-2,3-12
- overlay chart
3-17,3-19
- overlay chart setup 3-17,3-18,3-20
- overlay user data
3-17,3-19
- picture
3-1
- PLOT function
3-26,4-15
- power on/off
3-17
- pulse
3-16
- quick menu
3-17
- quick-range keys
3-27
- racon (Radar Beacon)
3-4
- Radar & Chart display
3-25
- Rain
3-11
-clutter control
3-14
- Range
3-11,3-27
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Radar functions - continued,
- Range Rings
3-15
- relative motion
3-12,A-4
- Rpm
3-16
- scanner type
9-2
- Sea
3-11
-auto sea values
9-2
-control
3-13
- Sea return
3-5
- sensitivity
9-2
- setup
9-1
- shadow effect
3-5
- shortcut to radar series
3-9
- shut down procedure
3-10
- side lobes
3-6
- standard display
3-11
- standby mode
3-10
- standby time elapsed
9-2
- start transmission
3-10,3-17
- storm and rain squall returns
3-5
- stretch
3-16
- synchronize chart cursor to
radar cursor
3-25
- synchronize chart scale to
radar range
3-25
- test scanner
9-2
- trails
3-14,3-15
-clear
3-17
- transmit time elapsed
9-2
- true motion
3-12,A-4
- Tune
3-11
-control
3-13
- tuning reference
9-2
- zero/range timing
9-2
Repair and service
10-3
Routes,
- calculation
8-8
- delete all
9-26
- edit via chart
4-10,4-11
- edit via menu
8-4,8-5,8-6
- make new route from WP list 8-6
- menu
8-1
- navigation
6-16
CA34/44/54 MultiRadar
Routes - continued,
- navigation setup
- plot new route
- route list
- stored in the memory
- time to go
Index
6-3
4-15
8-3
8-3
8-8
Safety summary
1-2
Satellite status
7-7
Satellites in SDGPS system
7-13
- tracking state
7-13
Setup menu
9-1
Show test display
9-26
SimNet/NMEA interface
9-13
- return to SimNet/NMEA presets 9-26
Software version
9-11
Specifications
10-4
Speed,
- average
6-9
- diagram
7-3
- display as SOG/STW
9-9
- dual speed display
6-9
- filter
9-9
- over ground
6-6,7-4
- setup
9-11
- through water
6-9
Status indicator and accuracy
6-7
Symbols
2-7
Track function - continued,
- navigation setup
- start / stop track
- stored in the memory
- track list
- trackpoints
Troubleshooting
UTC time and date
6-3
8-11
8-12
8-12
8-11
10-1
6-6,9-9
Warranty
end of manual
Waypoints,
- auto waypoint shift
6-3
- delete all
9-26
- edit via chart
4-9
- edit via menu
8-2
- menu
8-1
- navigation
6-15
- navigation setup
6-3
- plot new waypoints
4-15
- stored in the memory
8-1
- WP list
8-1
Wind display
7-1
- setup
7-2
- wind direction
7-1
- wind relative to the vessel
7-1
- wind speed, apparent or true
7-1
XTE - cross-track-error 8-4,8-8,6-5,A-3
Targets,
- delete all
- edit via chart
- plot new target
- setup / edit target
- stored in the memory
Track function
- auto trackpoint shift
- delete all
- display track
- edit via chart
- edit via menu
- interval
- line type
- navigation
9-26
4-13
4-15
8-14,8-15
8-14
8-11
6-3
9-26
8-11
4-12
8-13
8-11
8-12
6-17
EU Declaration of Conformity
R&TTE
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the following equipment complies with the
relevant essential requirements in the Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunication
terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity.
Conformity
assessment
Employed
standards
Annex II of 1999/5/EC (internal production control)
Equipment
category
Navigational equipment intended for world-wide use
aboard non-SOLAS vessels
Model(s)
Simrad CR34, CR44 and CR54 DGPS ChartRadar
Simrad CA34, CA44 and CA54 DGPS MultiRadar
Remarks
Interfaces to the following Simrad branded radar
antennas:
RB714A, RB715A, RB716A, RB717A, RB718A
Manufacturer
Simrad Støvring AS
Østre Allé 6, DK-9530 Støvring
Denmark
Telephone +45 98373499
Telefax +45 98373807
Article 3(1)(a) EN60945
Article 3(1)(b) EN60945
Signed ……………………............…
Odin Sletten, Product Manager
06 February 2004
Warranty
SIMRAD warrants that every product shall be free of defects in material and
workmanship as specified below:
CATEGORY “A”:
•Autopilots •Radars •Instruments •Navigators •Radiotelephones •Plotters •Gyro
compasses incl. sensitive elements •Sonars •Echosounders •Trawl Instrumentation
•SatCom •SatTV.
These products are warranted for a period of 24 months on parts and 12 months on
labor from date of purchase, except for category B items. Consumable parts such as
lamps, fuses, batteries, bearings, etc. are not covered by this warranty.
CATEGORY “B”:
•Antennas •Transducers •Trawl sensors •Monitors (CRT/LCD) •Radar magnetrons
•Disk drives.
These items are warranted for a period of 12 months on parts and labor from date of
purchase.
WARRANTY SERVICE is available through authorized service dealers or national
distributors worldwide. Products returned will, at the sole discretion of Simrad, either
be repaired or replaced free of charge within normal working hours. Freight charges,
insurance, duties or any other costs are the responsibility of the customer.
Maximum liability shall not, in any case, exceed the contract price of the products
claimed to be defective.
ON BOARD SERVICE can be arranged by authorized local service dealers
or national distributors upon request. Labor costs for the repair/replacement of
the defective modules/parts will be free of charge provided a valid warranty is
confirmed. Overtime, travel, lodging, per diem, insurance, duties or any other
costs are the responsibility of the customer. Additional expenses connected with
replacement of transducers such as dry docking, diving and precautionary measures
are not covered by this warranty.
VALIDITY: This warranty is effective only when warranty certificate or proof of
purchase and equipment serial number is presented. Furthermore, the installation
and operation has to be carried out in accordance with the product manual. Warranty
liability does not apply to any equipment which has become inoperative due to
misuse, accident, neglect, sea water damage or unauthorized repair. Simrad will
not be liable for any loss, incidental or consequential damages whether based upon
warranty, contract or negligence, or arising in connection with the sale, installation,
use or repair of the product. Consequential damages include, but are not limited to,
any loss of profit, property damage or personal injury.
The terms of warranty as described does not affect your statutory rights.
HOME PORT
_____________________________________________
ADDRESS
DATE OF PURCHASE
AUTHORIZED INSTALLER/DEALER STAMP
___________________________________________
__________________________
DATE OF INSTALLATION
______________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
EQUIPMENT
__________________________________________________________
TYPE
SIMRAD warrants that every product
shall be free of defects in material and
workmanship as specified overleaf:
YES:________
NO:________
INSTRUCTION FOR USE GIVEN
SERIAL NO.
___________________________________________
VESSEL
___________________________________________
OWNER
___________________________________________
Simrad Støvring AS
Østre Allé 6
DK-9530 Støvring
Denmark
_____________________________________________
TO BE RETAINED BY THE OWNER
WARRANTY CARD
___________________________________________
ADDRESS
_____________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
(DEALER’S SIGNATURE)
DATE OF INSTALLATION
DATE OF PURCHASE
(CUSTOMER’S SIGNATURE)
________________________________________
________________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
EQUIPMENT
__________________________________________________________
SERIAL NO.
HOME PORT
_____________________________________________
TYPE
VESSEL
___________________________________________
OWNER
___________________________________________
Simrad Støvring AS
Østre Allé 6
DK-9530 Støvring
Denmark
_____________________________________________
To be mailed to the NATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR (see overleaf)
together with the installation report WITHIN 14 DAYS
from the date of installation.
WARRANTY CARD
tear out
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
NATIONAL SIMRAD DISTRIBUTOR:
STAMP
HERE
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