How To Set Up A VPN Server Using A Mac

How To Set Up A VPN Server Using A Mac
How To Set Up a VPN Server
Using a Mac
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac
1
How to Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac
1.1
Introduction
4
1.2
SECTION 1 - Setting Up a Static IP for the Server on the LAN Side
5
1.3
SECTION 2 - Creating Account at No-IP.com
12
1.4
SECTION 3 - Installing Xcode and Running Command Line Tools
19
1.5
SECTION 4 - Installing MacPorts
23
1.6
SECTION 5 - Installing Tuntap Drivers
26
1.7
SECTION 6 - Donald's Nifty Scripts of Doom
28
1.8
SECTION 7 - Opening up UDP Port 1194
33
1.9
SECTION 8 - Install VPN Software on iOS
36
1.10 SECTION 9 - Install VPN Software on OSX
43
How to Set Up a VPN Server
Using a Mac
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 3
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Introduction
These instructions may seem arcane and complex but they're really easy if you just follow
along step by step. Donald Burr of Otaku No Podcast (otakunopodcast.com) created all of
these instructions in text form, Allison just created the ScreenSteps tutorial!
I'll be focusing on using a Mac on your home network using an Airport Extreme Router (of
course any router will work but the screenshots will be for the Airport). If you have a router
capable of installing the Tomato Router Firmware, you should look at Donald's full instructions
because you may not need to use a Mac at all for this, your router can do it all. See Donald's
notes for other options.
Read Donald's instructions ===> here.
Steps to Success
We're going to go through nine steps, some more complicated than others.
In order to connect into your home Mac to use it as a VPN server, we need to give the Mac
an internal network static IP and we need to be able to get to your network from the outside,
even though you probably don't have a static IP, and that's where No-IP.com comes into
play. We need to install Xcode to get the command line tools in order to run MacPorts which
lets us use some Linux commands and install what are called Tuntap drivers. Next we'll run
some nifty scripts (of doom) from Donald Burr to help us create certificates for each of our
devices that need to connect to our VPN. We need to open up one teeny port on our
router, and then finally we get to install software on our devices to be able to connect to the
VPN server.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Setting Up a Static IP for the Server on the LAN Side
Creating Account at No-IP.com
Installing Xcode and Running Command Line Tools
Installing MacPorts
Installing Tuntap Drivers
Donald’s Nifty Scripts of Doom
Opening up UDP Port 1194
Install VPN Software on iOS
Install VPN Software on OSX
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 4
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 1 - Setting Up a Static IP for the Server on the LAN Side
These instructions should be completed on the machine that will become the VPN server.
Open Network Preferences
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 5
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Advanced
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 6
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Copy the Mac Address
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 7
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Open AirPort Utility
Click on your router, in my case it's called White Dart.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 8
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Enter Router Password
Enter your password when prompted and click OK.
Select Edit
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 9
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select the Network Tab and Click the + Button
Paste in the Mac Address You Copied Earlier
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 10
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Update
Select Continue
Quit Airport Utility when this operation completes.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 11
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 2 - Creating Account at No-IP.com
Sign Up for an Account at No-IP.com
Navigate to http://www.noip.com and select Sign Up.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 12
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Create a Username and Password
Enter your Email address. Note the host name shown which is free, but if you want to pay you
can get more options. Scroll down to the bottom of the page.
Select Sign Up
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 13
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Email Confirmation Will be Sent
Click the Link in the Email
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 14
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Download the Update Client
This client will run in the background and check to see if your IP address has changed, and if
it has, will send it to no-ip.com
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 15
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Download and Install the Client
Enter Your No-iP.com Account Info You Just Created
This menu should pop up automatically.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 16
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Click OK
Click on Hosts and Check the Box Next to the Host Name You Chose
It may take a few moments for the host name you selected at no-ip.com to show up. Make
sure you note this name, you'll need it later.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 17
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Update Now
Turn on the Daemon
I chose this rather than running the application in the background all the time.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 18
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 3 - Installing Xcode and Running Command Line Tools
Download Xcode
Find Xcode in the Mac App Store at
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/xcode/id497799835?mt=12 and install.
Install Java
Xcode only installs the standalone Java, and it does NOT include the Java Web plugin that
has been the subject of so many security vulnerabilities lately.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 19
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Install Next to Command Line Tools
Wait till the installation finishes and quit X-Code
Type xcodebuild -license to Open the License Agreement
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 20
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Start Hitting the Space Bar to Scroll Through the EULA - A LOT of Times
Type Agree
Type agree
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 21
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Joy of Agreement
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 22
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 4 - Installing MacPorts
Download MacPorts
Navigate to https://distfiles.macports.org/MacPorts/ and scroll to the bottom to download
the installer file for your OS.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 23
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Install MacPorts
Enter These Commands in the Terminal
To run the self update to Macports enter:
source ~/.profile
then
sudo port -v selfupdate
and enter your administrator password
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 24
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Success
Open the VPN Software
Enter
sudo port -v install openvpn2
and watch a lot of glop go by...
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 25
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 5 - Installing Tuntap Drivers
Download the Tuntap Drivers
Download tuntap drivers from http://tuntaposx.sourceforge.net/download.xhtml
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 26
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Open the Package File (in the folder after tuntap expands)
Gatekeeper won't let you just double click on the installer package (it will complain that it is
from an unknown source), you have to right click on the installer package and choose
"open".
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 27
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 6 - Donald's Nifty Scripts of Doom
Download Donald's Scripts
Download Donald's scripts from: https://dl.dropbox.com/u/169813/openvpn-mac.tar.bz2
Type These Commands to Unarchive the Scripts
cd ~/Downloads
tar xvjf openvpn-mac.tar.bz2
Setting Up OpenVPN Server
We're now going to run Donald's scripts. Enter this command:
cd openvpn-mac && sudo bash setup-openvpn-server
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 28
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Name your Server (I've entered kyles-mac-vpn)
Enter the dynamic dns host name you noted back on no-ip.com (you DID note it, right?)
Keep Answering Questions
The first time through you need to answer these. These steps will be duplicated MANY times,
but after this the answers will be there and you can simply hit Enter for each questions.
Hit Enter for All These Questions for an RSA Key
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 29
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
And Again for Some Reason
Keep Answering...
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 30
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
And Again
And Again...
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 31
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Whew!
Enter passphrase and password as many times as they ask for it!
Finder Window Opens Showing config-files
Copy this file to Dropbox. It will be the first connection file you test. It would be good to name
it something associated with the device on which you'll use it (you'll be creating one of these
for each of your devices).
Create a New VPN Connection Document for Each Device You Have
In Terminal, enter:
sudo setup-openvpn-client connection-name
where connection-name means something to you for each different device you'll want to
connect to the VPN server. Move each of these files to Dropbox to be picked up on your
devices.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 32
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 7 - Opening up UDP Port 1194
Open Airport Utility
Open Airport Utility again, select your Airport again, Select Edit again. Select the Network
tab, and select the + under Port Settings
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 33
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Enter Information As Shown
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 34
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Update
Wait until your Airport updates.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 35
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 8 - Install VPN Software on iOS
Download OpenVPN
Download OpenVPN Connect from the iTunes App Store.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 36
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Open Dropbox
Find the file you created and moved into Dropbox and tap on it.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 37
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select the Open In Button in the Bottom Right
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 38
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Select Open in OpenVPN
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 39
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Click the Green Plus Button to Import the File
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 40
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Enter the Password
Enter the Password you created in the creation of the file, and tap the Save switch to turn it
on. Finally tap the Off Switch to Connect to the VPN.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 41
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Connected!
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 42
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
SECTION 9 - Install VPN Software on OSX
VPN Software Options on OSX
Two options for a VPN application on the Mac. Donald recommended Viscosity from
http://www.sparklabs.com/viscosity/download/ which is $9 per Mac.
After the show Dr. Matt suggested the free TunnelBlick from
http://code.google.com/p/tunnelblick. I installed both and they both work well. This tutorial
will be for Viscosity, but if you try Tunnelblick you have to do one thing to make it work. In the
Settings, Configuration tab, select Advanced and then uncheck the box to use TunnelBlick's
tun/tap drivers. Some people do have trouble with this software so if it doesn't work for you
then jump over to Viscosity.
Let's keep going with Viscosity as our example.
Install Viscosity
Click on the icon for Viscosity in the menubar and choose Preferences.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 43
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
In the Connection Tab Click on the Plus Button at the Bottom
Select Import Connection From File...
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 44
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Navigate to the File You Created for This Device
In my case I called it alsmac so I could tell which one to open
Connection Imported
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 45
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Connect Using Menu Bar App
Enter the Password You Created
No clue which one of the 198 I entered, luckily I typed the same one over and over again.
Fleeting Notification of Connection
To test mine at home I used a Mifi so I was on a different network.
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 46
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Use the Menubar Icon to Disconnect When You're Through
If you want to prove to yourself that you're on VPN - go to http://ipchicken.com before and
after you VPN and you'll find that your IP changes to your home IP. Congratulations!
How To Set Up a VPN Server Using a Mac - 47
Created by Allison Sheridan using ScreenSteps
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising