Zoom Handout

Zoom Handout
CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Zoom H4n Settings
Formatting SD card
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Formatting a SD card “resets” it and erases everything on it
Make sure you don’t have anything on the card that you still need!
Menu à SD Card à Format
Stamina Mode
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The H4n features a battery-saving mode called “stamina mode”
Accessed through a switch inside the battery compartment
Problem: limits recording to MP3 or 44.1kHz WAV
Film/TV needs 48kHz!
à make sure stamina is turned off
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CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Recording Mode
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The H4n has multiple recording modes: stereo, 4-channel (“4ch”) and multitrack (“mtr”)
LEDs above the screen show which mode is currently selected
We are only interested in stereo mode
Go to Menu à Mode to change
Input
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In stereo mode, you can either record the internal stereo mics of the H4n or microphone(s)
connected to the external input at the bottom
Make sure to have the right input selected for your recording scenario!
Selected through buttons to the left of the screen
Internal Mic
External Mic(s)
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CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Phantom Power
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External condenser microphones require powering from the H4n in order to work
Includes shotgun microphones
Menu à Input à Phantom à 48V
Recording Format
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Make sure that you’re recording an uncompressed WAV file at 48kHz/24bit
Menu à Rec à Rec Format
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CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Mono Mode
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When you’re only recording one signal (e.g. from an external microphone), you can engage
Mono Mix
H4n will mix and record the signal onto both the left and right channel of the stereo file
Menu à Input à Mono Mix
Recording levels
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Make sure to get proper recording levels for every take. Meters should be at least around
-20dB or higher. The goal is to record a strong signal without distorting/clipping.
Try not to change recording levels during recording; level controls are stepped, so a level
change won’t sound smooth and continuous
Additionally, since the H4n uses buttons on the unit instead of knobs or faders, you will hear
handling noise and clicks every time you change levels while recording with the internal mics
Record level buttons are on the right side of the unit
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CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Automatic level control
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The H4n has a function that controls the recording level automatically
Brings up the signal when it is quiet, turns it down when it is loud
Good idea in theory, but horrible in practice!
à Make sure it is turned off
Menu à Input à Level Auto
Headphone levels
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MAKE SURE HEADPHONE LEVELS AREN’T CRANKED UP BEFORE YOU PUT
ON HEADPHONES!!
Always set headphone levels in relation to the signal you are recording
à set record levels first with meters, then adjust headphone levels for comfortable listening
volume
Headphone levels are located on the left side of the unit
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CTVA 358 – Advanced Sound
Spring 2015
Recording
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Pressing the record button once puts the H4n into record standby
Record Button is blinking
Meters are active now, but unit isn’t recording yet
Use record standby to get proper levels
Push Record again to actually record
Push Stop to end recording
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