User Guide PDF
®
A Division of Cisco Systems, Inc.
Dual-Band
5GHz + Dual-Band
2,4GHz Wireless A+G
802.11a
802.11g
PCI Adapter
WIRELESS
Model No.
WMP55AG (EU/LA/UK)
User Guide
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Copyright and Trademarks
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Linksys is a registered trademark or trademark of Cisco
Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and certain other countries. Copyright © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All
rights reserved. Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
holders.
This User Guide
The User Guide to the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter has been designed to make understanding
networking easier than ever. Look for the following items when reading this guide:
This checkmark means there is a note of interest and
is something you should pay special attention to while
using the Adapter.
This exclamation point means there is a caution or
warning and is something that could damage your
property or the Adapter.
This question mark provides you with a reminder about
something you might need to do while using the Adapter.
In addition to these symbols, there are definitions for technical terms that are presented like this:
word: definition.
Also, each figure (diagram, screenshot, or other image) is provided with a figure number and description, like
this:
Figure 0-1: Sample Figure Description
Figure numbers and descriptions can also be found in the “List of Figures” section in the “Table of Contents”.
WMP55AG-EU-LA-UK_V1.2-UG-50117NC JL
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
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Welcome
What’s in this Guide?
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Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
Roaming
Network Layout
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
The LED Indicator
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
Chapter 5: Hardware Installation
Connecting the Adapter
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Accessing the Wireless Network Monitor
Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Link Information
Site Survey
Profiles
Creating a New Profile
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Common Problems and Solutions
Frequently Asked Questions
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Precautions
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
Appendix C: Windows Help
Appendix D: Glossary
Appendix E: Specifications
Appendix F: Warranty Information
Appendix G: Regulatory Information
Appendix H: Contact Information
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List of Figures
Figure 3-1: Front Panel
Figure 4-1: Setup Wizard’s Welcome Screen
Figure 4-2: Setup Wizard’s License Agreement
Figure 4-3: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Network Screen
Figure 4-4: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Mode Screen
Figure 4-5: Setup Wizard’s Ad-Hoc Mode Settings Screen
Figure 4-6: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security Screen
Figure 4-7: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - WEP Screen
Figure 4-8: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - WPA Personal Using TKIP Screen
Figure 4-9: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using EAP-TLS Screen
Figure 4-10: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using PEAP Screen
Figure 4-11: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - RADIUS Using EAP-TLS Screen
Figure 4-12: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - RADIUS Using PEAP Screen
Figure 4-13: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security - LEAP Screen
Figure 4-14: Setup Wizard’s Check Settings Screen
Figure 4-15: Digital Signature Not Found Screen
Figure 4-16: Setup Wizard’s Congratulations Screen
Figure 5-1: Insert the Adapter into Your Notebook
Figure 5-2: Digital Signature Not Found Screen
Figure 6-1: Wireless Network Monitor Icon
Figure 6-2: Windows XP - Use Windows XP Wireless Configuration
Figure 6-3: Windows XP - Use Linksys Wireless Network Monitor
Figure 6-4: Link Information
Figure 6-5: More Information - Wireless Network Status
Figure 6-6: More Information-Network Statistics
Figure 6-7: Site Survey
Figure 6-8: WEP Key Needed for Connection
Figure 6-9: WPA-Personal Needed for Connection
Figure 6-10: Profiles
Figure 6-11: Import a Profile
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Figure 6-12: Export a Profile
Figure 6-13: Create a New Profile
Figure 6-14: Enter Profile Name
Figure 6-15: Wireless Network for New Profile
Figure 6-16: Network Settings for New Profile
Figure 6-17: Wireless Mode for New Profile
Figure 6-18: Ad-Hoc Mode Settings for New Profile
Figure 6-19: Wireless Security for New Profile
Figure 6-20: Wireless Security - WEP for New Profile
Figure 6-21: Wireless Security - WPA Personal for New Profile
Figure 6-22: Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using EAP-TLS for New Profile
Figure 6-23: Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using EAP-PEAP for New Profile
Figure 6-24: Wireless Security - RADIUS Using EAP-TLS for New Profile
Figure 6-25: Wireless Security - RADIUS Using PEAP for New Profile
Figure 6-26: Wireless Security - LEAP for New Profile
Figure 6-27: Confirm New Settings for New Profile
Figure 6-28: Congratulations for New Profile
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome
Thank you for choosing the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter. With this Adapter, your wireless networking
experience will be faster and easier than ever.
How does the Adapter do this? Like all wireless products, the Adapter allows for greater range and mobility
within your wireless network, whether it’s using the Wireless-A (802.11a), Wireless-G (802.11g), or Wireless-B
(802.11b) standard. Using this Adapter, your notebook has the flexibility to communicate using any of the three
wireless networking standards.
network: a series of computers or devices
connected for the purpose of data sharing,
storage, and/or transmission between users.
adapter: a device that adds network functionality
to your PC.
But what does all of this mean?
Networks are useful tools for sharing computer resources. You can access one printer from different computers
and access data located on another computer's hard drive. Networks are even used for playing multiplayer video
games. So, networks are not only useful in homes and offices, they can also be fun.
PCs equipped with wireless cards and adapters can communicate without cumbersome cables. By sharing the
same wireless settings, within their transmission radius, they form a wireless network.
The included Setup Wizard walks you through configuring the Adapter to your wireless network settings, step by
step. Use the instructions in this Guide to help you set up the Adapter using the Setup Wizard and connect the
Adapter. These instructions should be all you need to get the most out of the Adapter.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome
802.11a: an IEEE wireless networking standard that
specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps
and an operating frequency of 5GHz.
802.11g: an IEEE wireless networking standard
that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of
54Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
802.11b: an IEEE wireless networking standard
that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of
11Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
What’s in this Guide?
This user guide covers the steps for setting up and using the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter.
• Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter describes the Adapter’s applications and this User Guide.
• Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
This chapter discusses a few of the basics about wireless networking.
• Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
This chapter describes the physical features of the Adapter.
• Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
This chapter instructs you on how to run the Adapter’s Setup Wizard and configure the Adapter.
• Chapter 5: Connecting the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
This chapter shows you how to connect the Adapter to your PC.
• Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
This chapter explains how to use the Adapter’s Wireless Network Monitor.
• Appendix A: Troubleshooting
This appendix describes some potential problems and solutions, as well as frequently asked questions,
regarding installation and use of the Adapter.
• Appendix B: Wireless Security
This appendix discusses security issues regarding wireless networking and measures you can take to help
protect your wireless network.
• Appendix C: Windows Help
This appendix describes how you can use Windows Help for instructions about networking, such as installing
the TCP/IP protocol.
• Appendix D: Glossary
This appendix gives a brief glossary of terms frequently used in networking.
• Appendix E: Specifications
This appendix provides the Adapter’s technical specifications.
• Appendix F: Warranty Information
This appendix supplies the Adapter’s warranty information.
Chapter 1: Introduction
What’s in this Guide?
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• Appendix G: Regulatory Information
This appendix supplies the Adapter’s regulatory information.
• Appendix H: Contact Information
This appendix provides contact information for a variety of Linksys resources, including Technical Support.
Chapter 1: Introduction
What’s in this Guide?
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Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
topology: the physical layout of a network.
A wireless network is a group of computers, each equipped with one wireless adapter. Computers in a wireless
network must be configured to share the same radio channel. Several PCs equipped with wireless cards or
adapters can communicate with one another to form an ad-hoc network.
Linksys wireless adapters also provide users access to a wired network when using an access point or wireless
router. An integrated wireless and wired network is called an infrastructure network. Each wireless PC in an
infrastructure network can talk to any computer in a wired network infrastructure via the access point or wireless
router.
network: a series of computers or devices
connected for the purpose of data sharing,
storage, and/or transmission between users
adapter: a device that adds
network functionality to your PC
An infrastructure configuration extends the accessibility of a wireless PC to a wired network, and can double the
effective wireless transmission range for two wireless adapter PCs. Since an access point is able to forward data
within a network, the effective transmission range in an infrastructure network can be doubled.
ad-hoc: a group of wireless devices
communicating directly with each other (peerto-peer) without the use of an access point.
Roaming
access point: a device that allows wirelessequipped computers and other devices to
communicate with a wired network. Also used
to expand the range of a wireless network
Infrastructure mode also supports roaming capabilities for mobile users. Roaming means that you can move your
wireless PC within your network and the access points will pick up the wireless PC's signal, provided that they
both share the same channel and SSID.
Choose a feasible radio channel and optimum access point position. Proper access point positioning combined
with a clear radio signal will greatly enhance performance.
Network Layout
Dual-Band Wireless A+G products offer the most flexibility, because they can connect to 802.11a networks, or
they can connect to networks with 802.11g and/or 802.11b devices—depending on the settings you configure on
the dual-band products.
infrastructure: a wireless network that is
bridged to a wired network via an access point.
roaming: the ability to take a wireless device
from one access point's range to another without
losing the connection.
ssid: your wireless network's name.
The Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter is compatible with all 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g routers, as well
as access points. It will also communicate with other wireless notebook adapters for your laptop computers,
wireless PCI adapters for your desktop PCs, and wireless USB adapters when you want to enjoy USB connectivity.
Wireless products will also communicate with wireless print servers.
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
When you wish to connect your wired network with your wireless network, network ports on access points and
wireless routers can be connected to any of Linksys's switches or routers.
With these, and many other, Linksys products, your networking options are limitless. Go to the Linksys website at
www.linksys.com/international for more information about products that work with the Dual-Band Wireless A+G
PCI Adapter.
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Layout
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Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Dual-Band Wireless A+G
PCI Adapter
The LED Indicator
The Adapter's LED display information about network activity.
Figure 3-1: Front Panel
Power/Link Green. The Power/Link LED lights up when the Adapter is powered on and has an active connection.
It flashes when data is transmitted or received.
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
The LED Indicator
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Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI
Adapter
The Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter Setup Wizard will guide you through the installation procedure. The
Setup Wizard will install the driver and Wireless Network Monitor, as well as configure the Adapter.
NOTE: You must run the Setup Wizard before connecting the Adapter
to your computer.
Using the Setup Wizard
Insert the Setup Wizard CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive. The Setup Wizard should run automatically, and the
Welcome screen should appear. If it does not, click the Start button and choose Run. In the field that appears,
enter D:\setup.exe (if “D” is the letter of your CD-ROM drive).
On the Welcome screen, you have the following choices:
Figure 4-1: Setup Wizard’s Welcome Screen
Install - Click the Install button to begin the software installation process.
User Guide - Click the User Guide button to open the PDF file of this User Guide.
Exit - Click the Exit button to exit the Setup Wizard.
1. To install the Adapter, click the Install button on the Welcome screen.
2. After reading the License Agreement, click the Next button if you agree, or click the Cancel button to end the
installation.
Figure 4-2: Setup Wizard’s License Agreement
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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3. The Setup Wizard will ask you to choose a network type. Click the 5GHz or 2.4GHz radio button if you will
connect to 802.11a networks, as well as 802.11g and/or 802.11b networks. Click the 5GHz only radio button
if you will connect only to 802.11a networks. Click the 2.4GHz only radio button if you will connect only to
802.11g and/or 802.11b networks.
Click the Next button.
Figure 4-3: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Network Screen
4. The Setup Wizard will ask you to choose a network mode. Click the Infrastructure Mode radio button if you
want your wireless computers to network with computers on your wired network using a wireless access
point. Click the Ad-Hoc Mode radio button if you want multiple wireless computers to network directly with
each other.
In the SSID field, enter the SSID of your wireless network. The SSID must be identical for all devices in the
network. The default setting is linksys (all lowercase). Click the Next button.
NOTE: An SSID is the network name shared by all devices in a wireless
network. Your network’s SSID should be unique to your network and identical
for all devices within the network.
Figure 4-4: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Mode Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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5. If you chose Infrastructure Mode, go to Step 6 now. If you chose Ad-Hoc Mode, the Ad-Hoc Mode Settings
screen will appear.
Select the correct operating channel for your wireless network. The channel you choose should match the
channel set on the other devices in your wireless network. If you are unsure about which channel to use, keep
the default setting, Auto.
Click the Next button. Click the Back button to change any settings.
Figure 4-5: Setup Wizard’s Ad-Hoc Mode Settings Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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6. Select the method of security you want to use: WEP, WPA-Personal, WPA-Enterprise, RADIUS, or LEAP. WEP
stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. WPA is a stronger security
method than WEP. RADIUS stands for Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, and LEAP stands for
Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol. Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return
to the previous screen.
If you don’t want to use encryption, select Disabled and then click the Next button. Proceed to Step 8.
Figure 4-6: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security Screen
encryption: encoding data transmitted in a network.
wep (wired equivalent privacy): a method of
encrypting network data transmitted on a
wireless network for greater security.
wpa (wi-fi protected access: a wireless security
protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)
encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a
RADIUS server.
radius (remote authentication dial-in user service): a
protocol that uses an authentication server to control
network access.
leap (lightweight extensible authentication protocol):
a mutual authentication method that uses a
username and password system.
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
7. Proceed to the appropriate section for your security method: WEP, WPA-Personal, WPA-Enterprise, RADIUS, or
LEAP.
WEP
WEP - For 802.11g and/or 802.11b networking, select 64-bit or 128-bit encryption from the drop-down
menu. For 802.11a networking, select 64-bit, 128-bit, or 152-bit encryption (152-bit is available only for
802.11a networking).
Then enter a passphrase or WEP key.
Passphrase - Enter a passphrase in the Passphrase field, so a WEP key is automatically generated. The
passphrase is case-sensitive and should not be longer than 16 alphanumeric characters. It must match the
passphrase of your other wireless network devices and is compatible with Linksys wireless products only. (If
you have any non-Linksys wireless products, enter the WEP key manually on those products.)
WEP Key - The WEP key you enter must match the WEP key of your wireless network. For 64-bit encryption,
enter exactly 10 hexadecimal characters. For 128-bit encryption, enter exactly 26 hexadecimal characters.
For 152-bit encryption, enter exactly 32 hexadecimal characters. Valid hexadecimal characters are “0” to “9”
and “A” to “F”.
Figure 4-7: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security WEP Screen
For Advanced Users
TX Key - The default transmit key number is 1. If your network’s access point or wireless router uses transmit
key number 2, 3, or 4, select the appropriate number from the TX Key drop-down box.
Authentication -The default is set to Auto, so it will auto-detect for Shared Key or Open System
authentication. For Shared Key authentication, both the sender and the recipient share a WEP key for
authentication. For Open System authentication, the sender and the recipient do not share a WEP key for
authentication. If you are not sure which authentication method to select, keep the default, Auto.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
WPA Personal
WPA Personal offers two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select TKIP or
AES for encryption. Then enter a Passphrase that is 8-63 characters in length.
Encryption - Select the type of algorithm you want to use, TKIP or AES, from the Encryption drop-down
menu.
Passphrase - Enter a Passphrase, also called a pre-shared key, of 8-63 characters in the Passphrase field.
The longer and more complex your Passphrase is, the more secure your network will be.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 4-8: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security WPA Personal Using TKIP Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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WPA Enterprise
WPA Enterprise features WPA security used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used
when a RADIUS server is connected to the Router.) WPA Enterprise offers two authentication methods, EAPTLS and PEAP, as well as two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys.
Authentication - Select the authentication method your network is using, EAP-TLS or PEAP.
EAP-TLS
If you selected EAP-TLS, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
name of the authentication server in the Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down
menu, select the certificate you have installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to
use any certificate, keep the default setting, Trust Any. Select the type of encryption, TKIP or AES, from the
Encryption drop-down menu.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 4-9: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security WPA Enterprise Using EAP-TLS Screen
PEAP
If you selected PEAP, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
password of your wireless network in the Password field. Enter the name of the authentication server in the
Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down menu, select the certificate you have
installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to use any certificate, keep the default
setting, Trust Any. Then select the authentication method used inside the PEAP tunnel, EAP-MSCHAP v2 or
Generic Token Card. Select the type of encryption, TKIP or AES, from the Encryption drop-down menu.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 4-10: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security WPA Enterprise Using PEAP Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
RADIUS
RADIUS features use of a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is connected to the
Router.) RADIUS offers two authentication types: EAP-TLS and PEAP.
Authentication - Select the authentication method your network is using, EAP-TLS or PEAP.
EAP-TLS
If you selected EAP-TLS, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
name of the authentication server in the Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down
menu, select the certificate you have installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to
use any certificate, keep the default setting, Trust Any.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
PEAP
Figure 4-11: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security RADIUS Using EAP-TLS Screen
If you selected PEAP, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
password of your wireless network in the Password field. Enter the name of the authentication server in the
Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down menu, select the certificate you have
installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to use any certificate, keep the default
setting, Trust Any. Then select the authentication method used inside the PEAP tunnel, EAP-MSCHAP v2 or
Generic Token Card.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 4-12: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security RADIUS Using PEAP Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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LEAP
If you selected LEAP, then enter the Username and Password that will authenticate you on your wireless
network.
Username - Enter the username used for authentication.
Password - Enter the password used for authentication.
Confirm - Enter the password again.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 4-13: Setup Wizard’s Wireless Security LEAP Screen
8. The Setup Wizard will ask you to review your settings before it starts to install files. Click the Next button if
you are satisfied with your settings, or click the Back button to change any settings.
Figure 4-14: Setup Wizard’s Check Settings Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
9. At this point, you may see a Digital Signature Not Found screen may appear, indicating that a digital signature
was not found. The Adapter’s software has been tested and found to work successfully with Windows 2000.
Click the Yes button to continue.
Figure 4-15: Digital Signature Not Found Screen
10. After the software has been successfully installed, the Congratulations screen will appear. Click the Exit
button.
Proceed to “Chapter 5: Connecting the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter.”
Figure 4-16: Setup Wizard’s Congratulations Screen
Chapter 4: Setting up the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Using the Setup Wizard
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Chapter 5: Hardware Installation
NOTE: You must run the Setup Wizard to install the software before installing
the hardware.
Connecting the Adapter
1. Turn off your desktop PC.
2. Open your PC’s case, and locate an available PCI slot on the motherboard. Check with your computer’s
manufacturer if you need instructions.
3. Slide the Adapter into the PCI slot. Make sure that all of its pins are touching the slot’s contacts. You may have
to apply a bit of pressure to slide the Adapter all the way in.
4. After the Adapter is set firmly in place, secure its fastening tab to your PC’s chassis with a mounting screw.
Then close your PC’s case.
5. Rotate the antenna so that it is positioned straight up and perpendicular to the horizon. This will ensure
optimum wireless operating range and performance.
6. Power on your desktop PC.
7. Windows will detect the new hardware and begin installing the driver files in your operating system.
Note: For Windows 2000 users, you may be informed that a digital signature has not been found after
Windows detects the new hardware. This is normal, and it has been verified that the Adapter does work with
Windows 2000. Click the Yes button to continue. Some Windows users may be asked to restart their
computers.
Figure 5-1: Insert the Adapter into Your Notebook
Congratulations! The installation of the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter is complete.
If you want to check the link information, search for available wireless networks, or make additional
configuration changes, go to “Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor.”
Figure 5-2: Digital Signature Not Found Screen
Chapter 5: Hardware Installation
Connecting the Adapter
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Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Use the Wireless Network Monitor to check the link information, search for available wireless networks, or create
profiles that hold different configuration settings.
Accessing the Wireless Network Monitor
After installing the Adapter, the Wireless Network Monitor icon will appear in the system tray of your computer. If
the Wireless Network Monitor is enabled, then the icon will be green. If the Wireless Network Monitor is disabled
or the Adapter is not connected, then the icon will be gray.
If you right-click the icon, you will see these choices:
Figure 6-1: Wireless Network Monitor Icon
• About - Click About to view the version information for the driver and Wireless Network Monitor.
• Use Windows XP Wireless Configuration (Windows XP only) - If your computer is running Windows XP, then
this choice will be available. If you want to use Windows XP Wireless Zero Configuration to control the
Adapter—instead of using the Wireless Network Monitor—then select Use Windows XP Wireless
Configuration.
If you want to switch back to the Wireless Network Monitor, right-click the Wireless Network Monitor icon,
and select Use Linksys Wireless Network Monitor.
Figure 6-2: Windows XP - Use Windows XP
Wireless Configuration
NOTE: For more information about Wireless Zero Configuration, refer
to Windows Help.
• Turn Monitor on - Select Turn Monitor on to enable the Wireless Network Monitor.
• Turn Monitor off - Select Turn Monitor off to disable the Wireless Network Monitor.
Besides selecting Turn Monitor on when you right-click the icon, you can also double-click the Wireless
Network Monitor icon to activate the Wireless Network Monitor.
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Accessing the Wireless Network Monitor
Figure 6-3: Windows XP - Use Linksys
Wireless Network Monitor
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Using the Wireless Network Monitor
The opening screen of the Wireless Network Monitor is the Link Information screen. From this screen, you can
find out how strong the current wireless signal is and how good the connection’s quality is. You can also click the
More Information button to view additional status information about the current wireless connection. To search
for available wireless networks, click the Site Survey tab. To perform configuration changes or create connection
profiles, click the Profiles tab.
Link Information
The Link Information screen displays network mode, signal strength, and link quality information about the
current connection. It also provides a button to click for additional status information.
Ad-Hoc Mode or Infrastructure Mode - The screen indicates whether the Adapter is currently working in adhoc or infrastructure mode.
Signal Strength - The Signal Strength bar indicates signal strength.
Link Quality - The Link Quality bar indicates the quality of the wireless network connection.
Click the More Information button to view additional information about the wireless network connection on the
Wireless Network Status screen.
Figure 6-4: Link Information
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Using the Wireless Network Monitor
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Wireless Network Status
The Wireless Network Status screen provides information on your current network settings.
Status - This shows the status of the wireless network connection, as well as the network type, 2.4GHz (802.11g
and/or 802.11b) or 5GHz (802.11a).
SSID - This is the unique name of the wireless network.
Wireless Mode - The mode of the wireless network currently in use is displayed here.
Transfer Rate - The data transfer rate of the current connection is shown here.
Channel - This is the channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
Security - The status of the wireless security feature is displayed here.
Authentication - This is your wireless network’s authentication method.
Figure 6-5: More Information - Wireless Network Status
IP Address - The IP Address of the Adapter is displayed here.
Subnet Mask - The Subnet Mask of the Adapter is shown here.
Default Gateway - The Default Gateway address of the Adapter is displayed here.
DNS - This is the DNS address of the Adapter.
DHCP Client - This displays the Adapter’s status as a DHCP client.
MAC - The MAC address of the wireless network’s access point or wireless router is shown here.
Signal Strength - The Signal Strength bar indicates the signal strength.
Link Quality - The Link Quality bar indicates the quality of the wireless network connection.
Click the Statistics button to go to the Wireless Network Statistics screen. Click the Back button to return to the
initial Link Information screen. Click the Save to Profile button to save the currently active connection settings to
a profile.
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Link Information
20
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Wireless Network Statistics
The Wireless Networks Statistics screen provides statistics on your current network settings.
Transmit Rate - This is the data transfer rate of the current connection. (In Auto mode, the Adapter dynamically
shifts to the fastest data transfer rate possible at any given time.)
Receive Rate - This is the rate at which data is received.
Packets Received - This shows the packets received by the Adapter, in real time, since connecting to the
wireless network or since the Refresh Statistics button was last pressed.
Packets Transmitted - This shows the packets transmitted from the Adapter, in real time, since connecting to
the wireless network or since the Refresh Statistics button was last pressed.
Bytes Received - This shows the bytes received by the Adapter, in real time, since connecting to the wireless
network or since the Refresh Statistics button was last pressed.
Figure 6-6: More Information-Network Statistics
Bytes Transmitted - This shows the bytes transmitted from the Adapter, in real time, since connecting to the
wireless network or since the Refresh Statistics button was last pressed.
Noise Level - This shows the level of background noise affecting the wireless signal. A lower reading translates
into a higher quality signal.
Signal Strength - This is the intensity of the wireless signal received by the Adapter.
Up Time - This indicates the length of the most recent connection to a wireless network.
Total Up Time - This indicates the cumulative total of the Adapter’s connection time.
Driver Version - This shows the version of the Adapter’s driver.
Signal Strength - The Signal Strength bar indicates the signal strength.
Link Quality - The Link Quality bar indicates the quality of the wireless network connection.
Click the Back button to return to the initial Link Information screen. Click the Status button to go to the Wireless
Network Status screen. Click the Save to Profile button to save the currently active connection settings to a
profile. Click the Refresh Statistics button to update or reset the statistics. The Wireless Network Monitor will
update the Transmit Rate, Receive Rate, Noise Level, and Signal Strength statistics. At the same time, the Packets
Received and Transmitted counts, Bytes Received and Transmitted counts, and Up Time statistic will be reset to
zero. (The Total Up Time statistic will not be reset.)
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Link Information
21
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Site Survey
The Site Survey screen displays a list of available networks in the table on the left. The table shows each
network’s SSID, Channel, and the quality of the wireless signal the Adapter is receiving. You may click SSID, GHz,
CH (Channel), or Signal, to sort by that field.
SSID - The SSID or unique name of the wireless network is displayed here.
GHz - This is the type of wireless network, 2.4GHz (802.11g and/or 802.11b) or 5GHz (801.11a).
CH - This is the channel that the network uses.
Signal - This is the percentage of signal strength, from 0 to 100%.
Site Information
Figure 6-7: Site Survey
For each network selected, the following settings are listed:
SSID - This the SSID or unique name of the wireless network.
Wireless Mode - This is the mode of the wireless network currently in use.
Channel - This is the channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
Security - The status of the wireless security feature is displayed here.
MAC - The MAC address of the wireless network’s access point is displayed here.
Refresh - Click the Refresh button to perform a new search for wireless devices.
Figure 6-8: WEP Key Needed for Connection
Connect - To connect to one of the networks on the list, select the wireless network, and click the Connect
button. If the network has encryption enabled, then you will see a new screen appear.
If the network has WEP encryption enabled, then you will see the WEP Key Needed for Connection screen. Select
the appropriate level of WEP encryption, 64-bit, 128-bit, or 152-bit (152-bit is only available for 802.11a
networking). Then enter the network’s Passphrase or WEP Key. Click the Connect button. To cancel the
connection, click the Cancel button.
If the network has WPA-Personal security enabled, then you will see the WPA-Personal Needed for Connection
screen. Select the appropriate encryption type, TKIP or AES. Enter the network’s Passphrase or pre-shared key in
the Passphrase field. Then click the Connect button. To cancel the connection, click the Cancel button.
Figure 6-9: WPA-Personal Needed for Connection
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Site Survey
22
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Profiles
The Profiles screen lets you save different configuration profiles for different network setups. The table on the left
displays a list of available profiles with their profile names and SSIDs.
Profile - The name of the profile is displayed here.
SSID - The SSID or unique name of the wireless network is displayed here.
Profile Information
For each profile selected, the following are listed:
Wireless Network - This indicates the type of wireless network currently in use.
Wireless Mode - This is the mode of the wireless network currently in use.
Figure 6-10: Profiles
Channel - This is the channel to which the wireless network devices are set.
Security - The status of the wireless security feature is displayed here.
Authentication - The authentication setting for the network is shown here.
Connect - To connect to a wireless network using a specific profile, select the profile, and click the Connect
button.
New - Click the New button to create a new profile. See the next section, “Creating a New Profile,” for detailed
instructions.
Edit - Select the profile you want to change, and then click the Edit button.
Figure 6-11: Import a Profile
Import - Click the Import button to import a profile that has been saved in another location. Select the
appropriate file, and click the Open button.
Export - Select the profile you want to save in a different location, and click the Export button. Direct Windows to
the appropriate folder, and click the Save button.
NOTE: If you want to export more than one profile, you have to export them one at a time.
Delete - Select the profile you want to delete, and then click the Delete button.
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Profiles
Figure 6-12: Export a Profile
23
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Creating a New Profile
1. On the Profiles screen, click the New button to create a new profile.
Figure 6-13: Create a New Profile
2. Enter a name for the new profile, and click the OK button. Click the Cancel button to return to the Profiles
screen without entering a name.
Figure 6-14: Enter Profile Name
3. The Wireless Network screen will appear. Select 5GHz or 2.4GHz if you will connect to 802.11a or 802.11g
networks. Select 5GHz only if you will only connect to 802.11a networks. Select 2.4GHz only if you will only
connect to 802.11g networks. Click the Next button.
Figure 6-15: Wireless Network for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
4. The Network Settings screen will appear. If your network has a router or other DHCP server, click the radio
button next to Obtain network settings automatically (DHCP). Click the Next button to continue, or click
the Cancel button to return to the Profiles screen.
If your network does not have a DHCP server, click the radio button next to Specify network settings. Enter
an IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway, and DNS addresses appropriate for your network. You must
specify the IP Address and Subnet Mask on this screen. If you are unsure about the Default Gateway and DNS
addresses, leave these fields empty. Click the Next button to continue, or click the Cancel button to return to
the Profiles screen.
IP Address - This IP Address must be unique to your network.
Subnet Mask - The Adapter’s Subnet Mask must be the same as your wired network’s Subnet Mask.
Default Gateway - Enter the IP address of your network’s Gateway here.
Figure 6-16: Network Settings for New Profile
DNS 1 and DNS 2 - Enter the DNS address of your wired Ethernet network here.
5. The Wireless Mode screen shows a choice of two wireless modes. Click the Infrastructure Mode radio
button if you want your wireless computers to communicate with computers on your wired network via a
wireless access point. Click the Ad-Hoc Mode radio button if you want multiple wireless computers to
communicate directly with each other. Enter the SSID for your network.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Infrastructure Mode - This mode allows wireless and wired networks to communicate through an access
point.
Ad-Hoc Mode - This mode allows wireless-equipped computers to communicate directly with each other. No
access point is used.
SSID - This is the network name that must be used for all the devices in your wireless network. It is casesensitive and should be a unique name to help prevent others from entering your network.
Figure 6-17: Wireless Mode for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
6. If you chose Infrastructure Mode, go to Step 7 now. If you chose Ad-Hoc Mode, the Ad-Hoc Mode Settings
screen will appear.
Select the correct operating channel for your wireless network. The channel you choose should match the
channel set on the other devices in your wireless network. If you are unsure about which channel to use, keep
the default setting, Auto.
Click the Next button. Click the Back button to change any settings.
Figure 6-18: Ad-Hoc Mode Settings for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
26
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
7. Select the method of security you want to use: WEP, WPA-Personal, WPA-Enterprise, RADIUS, or LEAP. WEP
stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy, and WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. WPA is a stronger security
method than WEP. RADIUS stands for Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, and LEAP stands for
Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol. Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return
to the previous screen.
If you don’t want to use encryption, select Disabled and then click the Next button to continue. Proceed to
Step 9.
8. Proceed to the appropriate section for your security method: WEP, WPA-Personal, WPA-Enterprise, RADIUS, or
LEAP.
WEP
WEP - For 802.11g and/or 802.11b networking, select 64-bit or 128-bit encryption from the drop-down
menu. For 802.11a networking, select 64-bit, 128-bit, or 152-bit encryption (152-bit is available only for
802.11a networking).
Figure 6-19: Wireless Security for New Profile
Passphrase - Enter a passphrase in the Passphrase field, so a WEP key is automatically generated. It is casesensitive and should not be longer than 16 alphanumeric characters. This passphrase must match the
passphrase of your other wireless network devices and is compatible with Linksys wireless products only. (If
you have any non-Linksys wireless products, enter the WEP key manually on those products.)
WEP Key - The WEP key you enter must match the WEP key of your wireless network. For 64-bit encryption,
enter exactly 10 hexadecimal characters. For 128-bit encryption, enter exactly 26 hexadecimal characters.
For 152-bit encryption, enter exactly 32 hexadecimal characters. Valid hexadecimal characters are “0” to “9”
and “A” to “F”.
Advanced Users
TX Key - The default transmit key number is 1. If your network’s access point or wireless router uses transmit
key number 2, 3, or 4, select the appropriate number from the TX Key drop-down box.
Authentication -The default is set to Auto, so it will auto-detect for Shared Key or Open System
authentication. For Shared Key authentication, both the sender and the recipient share a WEP key for
authentication. For Open System authentication, the sender and the recipient do not share a WEP key for
authentication. If you are not sure which authentication method to select, keep the default, Auto.
Figure 6-20: Wireless Security - WEP for New Profile
Click the Next button to continue, or click the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
WPA Personal
WPA Personal offers two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select TKIP or
AES for encryption. Then enter a Passphrase that is 8-63 characters in length.
Encryption - Select the type of algorithm you want to use, TKIP or AES, from the Encryption drop-down
menu.
Passphrase - Enter a Passphrase, also called a pre-shared key, of 8-63 characters in the Passphrase field.
The longer and more complex your Passphrase is, the more secure your network will be.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 6-21: Wireless Security - WPA Personal for
New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
WPA Enterprise
WPA Enterprise features WPA security used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used
when a RADIUS server is connected to the Router.) WPA Enterprise offers two authentication methods, EAPTLS and PEAP, as well as two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys.
Authentication - Select the authentication method your network is using, EAP-TLS or PEAP.
EAP-TLS
If you selected EAP-TLS, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
name of the authentication server in the Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down
menu, select the certificate you have installed to authenticate you on your wireless network. Select the type
of encryption, TKIP or AES, from the Encryption drop-down menu.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
PEAP
Figure 6-22: Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using
EAP-TLS for New Profile
If you selected PEAP, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
password of your wireless network in the Password field. Enter the name of the authentication server in the
Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down menu, select the certificate you have
installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to use any certificate, keep the default
setting, Trust Any. Then select the authentication method used inside the PEAP tunnel, EAP-MSCHAP v2 or
Generic Token Card. Select the type of encryption, TKIP or AES, from the Encryption drop-down menu.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 6-23: Wireless Security - WPA Enterprise Using
EAP-PEAP for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
RADIUS
RADIUS features use of a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is connected to the
Router.) RADIUS offers two authentication types: EAP-TLS and PEAP.
Authentication - Select the authentication method your network is using, EAP-TLS or PEAP.
EAP-TLS
If you selected EAP-TLS, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
name of the authentication server in the Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down
menu, select the certificate you have installed to authenticate you on your wireless network.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
PEAP
If you selected PEAP, enter the login name of your wireless network in the Login Name field. Enter the
password of your wireless network in the Password field. Enter the name of the authentication server in the
Server Name field (this is optional). From the Certificate drop-down menu, select the certificate you have
installed to authenticate you on your wireless network; if you want to use any certificate, keep the default
setting, Trust Any. Then select the authentication method used inside the PEAP tunnel, EAP-MSCHAP v2 or
Generic Token Card.
Figure 6-24: Wireless Security - RADIUS Using EAP-TLS
for New Profile
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 6-25: Wireless Security - RADIUS Using PEAP for
New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
LEAP
If you selected LEAP, then enter the Username and Password that will authenticate you on your wireless
network.
Username - Enter the username used for authentication.
Password - Enter the password used for authentication.
Confirm - Enter the password again.
Click the Next button to continue, or click the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 6-26: Wireless Security - LEAP for New Profile
9. The Confirm New Settings screen will appear next and show the new settings. To save the new settings, click
the Save button. To edit the new settings, click the Back button. To exit the Wireless Network Monitor, click
Exit.
Figure 6-27: Confirm New Settings for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
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Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
10. The Congratulations screen will appear next. Click Connect to Network to implement the new settings
immediately and return to the Link Information screen. Click Return to Profiles Screen to keep the current
settings active and return to the Profiles screen.
You have successfully created a connection profile.
Figure 6-28: Congratulations for New Profile
Chapter 6: Using the Wireless Network Monitor
Creating a New Profile
32
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
This appendix consists of two parts: “Common Problems and Solutions” and “Frequently Asked Questions.” This
appendix provides solutions to problems that may occur during the installation and operation of the Dual-Band
Wireless A+G PCI Adapter. Read the description below to solve your problems. If you can't find an answer here,
check the Linksys website at www.linksys.com/international.
Common Problems and Solutions
1. My computer does not recognize the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter.
Make sure that the Adapter is properly inserted into the CardBus slot.
2. The Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter does not work properly.
Follow the steps below until the problem is solved:
• Reinsert the Adapter into the notebook’s CardBus slot.
• Click Start and select Settings. Click Control Panel. Double-click System. Click the Hardware tab. Click
the Device Manager button. You will find the Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter if it is installed
successfully. If not, remove the Adapter and uninstall the driver software from your notebook. Then restart
your PC and repeat the setup and installation instructions specified in this User Guide.
3. I cannot communicate with the other computers linked via Ethernet in the Infrastructure
configuration.
Follow the steps below until the problem is solved:
• Make sure that the notebook is powered on.
• Make sure that the Adapter is configured with the same SSID and security settings as the other
computers in the Infrastructure configuration.
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Common Problems and Solutions
33
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I run an application from a remote computer over the wireless network?
This will depend on whether or not the application is designed to be used over a network. Consult the
application’s user guide to determine if it supports operation over a network.
Can I play computer games with other members of the wireless network?
Yes, as long as the game supports multiple players over a LAN (local area network). Refer to the game’s user
guide for more information.
What is the IEEE 802.11a standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11a standard allows wireless networking hardware
from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11a standard.
The 802.11a standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps and an operating frequency of 5GHz.
mbps: one million bits per second; a unit of
measurement for data transmission.
What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11b standard allows wireless networking hardware
from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11b standard.
The 802.11b standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11g standard allows wireless networking hardware
from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11g standard.
The 802.11g standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
What IEEE 802.11a features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11a functions:
• OFDM protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
fragmentation: breaking a packet into smaller units
when transmitting over a network medium that cannot
support the original size of the packet.
34
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
What IEEE 802.11b features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11b functions:
• CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
• Power Management
What IEEE 802.11g features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11g functions:
• CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge protocol
• OFDM protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
• Power Management
What is ad-hoc mode?
When a wireless network is set to ad-hoc mode, the wireless-equipped computers are configured to
communicate directly with each other. The ad-hoc wireless network will not communicate with any wired
network.
What is infrastructure mode?
When a wireless network is set to infrastructure mode, the wireless network is configured to communicate with
a wired network through a wireless access point.
What is roaming?
Roaming is the ability of a portable computer to communicate continuously while it and its user are moving freely
throughout an area greater than that covered by a single access point. Before using the roaming function, the
user must make sure that the workstation is set to the same channel number used by the access point of the
dedicated coverage area.
To achieve true seamless connectivity, the wireless LAN must incorporate a number of different functions. Each
node and access point, for example, must always acknowledge receipt of each message. Each node must
maintain contact with the wireless network even when not actually transmitting data. Achieving these functions
simultaneously requires a dynamic RF networking technology that links access points and nodes. In such a
system, the user’s end node undertakes a search for the best possible access to the system. First, it evaluates
such factors as signal strength and quality, as well as the message load currently being carried by each access
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
35
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
point and the distance of each access point to the wired backbone. Based on that information, the node next
selects the right access point and registers its address. Communications between end node and host computer
can then be transmitted up and down the backbone.
As the user moves on, the end node’s RF transmitter regularly checks the system to determine whether it is in
touch with the original access point or whether it should seek a new one. When a node no longer receives
acknowledgment from its original access point, it undertakes a new search. Upon finding a new access point, it
then re-registers, and the communication process continues.
What is ISM band?
The FCC and their counterparts outside of the U.S. have set aside bandwidth for unlicensed use in the ISM
(Industrial, Scientific and Medical) band. Spectrum in the vicinity of 2.4 GHz, in particular, is being made available
worldwide. This presents a truly revolutionary opportunity to place convenient high-speed wireless capabilities in
the hands of users around the globe.
What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the military for use in
reliable, secure, mission-critical communications systems. It is designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for
reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is consumed than in the case of narrowband
transmission, but the trade-off produces a signal that is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that
the receiver knows the parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not tuned to
the right frequency, a spread-spectrum signal looks like background noise. There are two main alternatives,
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?
Frequency-Hopping Spread-Spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes frequency in a pattern that
is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical
channel. To an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise. Direct-Sequence SpreadSpectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip
(or chipping code). The longer the chip, the greater the probability that the original data can be recovered. Even if
one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can
recover the original data without the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS appears as low
power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband receivers.
ism band: radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.
spread spectrum: wideband radio frequency technique
used for more reliable and secure data transmission.
dsss: Frequency transmission with a redundant bit
pattern resulting in a lower probability of information
being lost in transit.
Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
technology, it has the inherent security feature of scrambling. On the software side, WLAN offers the encryption
function (WEP) to enhance security and access control.
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
36
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a shared key algorithm, as described in the
IEEE 802.11 standard. For more information, refer to “Appendix B: Wireless Security.”
What is WPA?
WPA is Wi-Fi Protected Access, a wireless security protocol that can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.
For more information, refer to “Appendix B: Wireless Security.”
What is RADIUS?
RADIUS is Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, which uses an authentication server to control network
access. For more information, refer to “Appendix B: Wireless Security.”
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
37
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Linksys wants to make wireless networking as safe and easy for you as possible. The current generation of
Linksys products provide several network security features, but they require specific action on your part for
implementation. So, keep the following in mind whenever you are setting up or using your wireless network.
Security Precautions
The following is a complete list of security precautions to take (as shown in this User Guide) (at least steps 1
through 5 should be followed):
1. Change the default SSID.
2. Disable SSID Broadcast.
3. Change the default password for the Administrator account.
4. Enable MAC Address Filtering.
5. Change the SSID periodically.
Note: Some of these security features are
available only through the network router or
access point. Refer to the router or access
point’s documentation for more information.
6. Use the highest encryption algorithm possible. Use WPA if it is available. Please note that this may reduce
your network performance.
7. Change the WEP encryption keys periodically.
To ensure network security, steps one through five should be followed, at least.
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
Wireless networks are easy to find. Hackers know that in order to join a wireless network, wireless networking
products first listen for “beacon messages”. These messages can be easily decrypted and contain much of the
network’s information, such as the network’s SSID (Service Set Identifier). Here are the steps you can take:
Change the administrator’s password regularly. With every wireless networking device you use, keep in mind
that network settings (SSID, WEP keys, etc.) are stored in its firmware. Your network administrator is the only
person who can change network settings. If a hacker gets a hold of the administrator’s password, he, too, can
change those settings. So, make it harder for a hacker to get that information. Change the administrator’s
password regularly.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Precautions
38
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
SSID. There are several things to keep in mind about the SSID:
1. Disable Broadcast
2. Make it unique
3. Change it often
Most wireless networking devices will give you the option of broadcasting the SSID. While this option may be
more convenient, it allows anyone to log into your wireless network. This includes hackers. So, don’t broadcast
the SSID.
Wireless networking products come with a default SSID set by the factory. (The Linksys default SSID is “linksys”.)
Hackers know these defaults and can check these against your network. Change your SSID to something unique
and not something related to your company or the networking products you use.
Change your SSID regularly so that any hackers who have gained access to your wireless network will have to
start from the beginning in trying to break in.
MAC Addresses. Enable MAC Address filtering. MAC Address filtering will allow you to provide access to only
those wireless nodes with certain MAC Addresses. This makes it harder for a hacker to access your network with
a random MAC Address.
WEP Encryption. Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is often looked upon as a cure-all for wireless security
concerns. This is overstating WEP’s ability. Again, this can only provide enough security to make a hacker’s job
more difficult.
There are several ways that WEP can be maximized:
1. Use the highest level of encryption possible
2. Use “Shared Key” authentication
3. Change your WEP key regularly
Important: Always remember that each
device in your wireless network MUST use
the same encryption method and encryption
key or your wireless network will not function
properly.
WPA. Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is the newest and best available standard in Wi-Fi security. Two modes are
available: Pre-Shared Key and RADIUS. Pre-Shared Key gives you a choice of two encryption methods: TKIP
(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol), which utilizes a stronger encryption method and incorporates Message
Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection against hackers, and AES (Advanced Encryption System), which utilizes
a symmetric 128-Bit block data encryption. RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) utilizes a
RADIUS server for authentication and the use of dynamic TKIP, AES, or WEP.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
39
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
WPA Pre-Shared Key. If you do not have a RADIUS server, select the type of algorithm, TKIP or AES, enter a
password in the Pre-Shared key field of 8-64 characters, and enter a Group Key Renewal period time between
0 and 99,999 seconds, which instructs the Router or other device how often it should change the encryption
keys.
WPA RADIUS. WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS
server is connected to the Router or other device.) First, select the type of WPA algorithm, TKIP or AES. Enter
the RADIUS server’s IP Address and port number, along with a key shared between the device and the server.
Last, enter a Group Key Renewal period, which instructs the device how often it should change the encryption
keys.
RADIUS. WEP used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is
connected to the Router or other device.) First, enter the RADIUS server’s IP Address and port number, along
with a key shared between the device and the server. Then, select a WEP key and a level of WEP encryption,
and either generate a WEP key through the Passphrase or enter the WEP key manually.
Implementing encryption may have a negative impact on your network’s performance, but if you are transmitting
sensitive data over your network, encryption should be used.
These security recommendations should help keep your mind at ease while you are enjoying the most flexible
and convenient technology Linksys has to offer.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
40
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix C: Windows Help
Almost all wireless products require Microsoft Windows. Windows is the most used operating system in the world
and comes with many features that help make networking easier. These features can be accessed through
Windows Help and are described in this appendix.
TCP/IP
Before a computer can communicate with an access point or wireless router, TCP/IP must be enabled. TCP/IP is a
set of instructions, or protocol, all PCs follow to communicate over a network. This is true for wireless networks
as well. Your PCs will not be able to utilize wireless networking without having TCP/IP enabled. Windows Help
provides complete instructions on enabling TCP/IP.
Shared Resources
If you wish to share printers, folder, or files over your network, Windows Help provides complete instructions on
utilizing shared resources.
Network Neighborhood/My Network Places
Other PCs on your network will appear under Network Neighborhood or My Network Places (depending upon the
version of Windows you're running). Windows Help provides complete instructions on adding PCs to your
network.
Appendix C: Windows Help
41
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix D: Glossary
802.11a - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps and an
operating frequency of 5GHz.
802.11b - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and an
operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
802.11g - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps, an
operating frequency of 2.4GHz, and backward compatibility with 802.11b devices.
Access Point - A device that allows wireless-equipped computers and other devices to communicate with a
wired network. Also used to expand the range of a wireless network.
Adapter - A device that adds network functionality to your PC.
Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer) without the use of
an access point.
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) - A method that uses up to 256-bit key encryption to secure data.
Backbone - The part of a network that connects most of the systems and networks together, and handles the
most data.
Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.
Beacon Interval - Data transmitted on your wireless network that keeps the network synchronized.
Bit - A binary digit.
Boot - To start a device and cause it to start executing instructions.
Bridge - A device that connects different networks.
Broadband - An always-on, fast Internet connection.
Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the information on the
World Wide Web.
Appendix D: Glossary
42
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Buffer - A shared or assigned memory area that is used to support and coordinate different computing and
networking activities so one isn't held up by the other.
Byte - A unit of data that is usually eight bits long
Cable Modem - A device that connects a computer to the cable television network, which in turn connects to the
Internet.
CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) - A method of data transfer that is used to prevent
data collisions.
CTS (Clear To Send) - A signal sent by a wireless device, signifying that it is ready to receive data.
Daisy Chain - A method used to connect devices in a series, one after the other.
Database - A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed, managed, and
updated.
DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) - Allows the hosting of a website, FTP server, or e-mail server with a
fixed domain name (e.g., www.xyz.com) and a dynamic IP address.
Default Gateway - A device that forwards Internet traffic from your local area network.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows administrators to assign
temporary IP addresses to network computers by “leasing” an IP address to a user for a limited amount of time,
instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.
DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) - Removes the Router's firewall protection from one PC, allowing it to be “seen” from
the Internet.
DNS (Domain Name Server) - The IP address of your ISP's server, which translates the names of websites into IP
addresses.
Domain - A specific name for a network of computers.
Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) - An always-on broadband connection over traditional phone lines.
DSSS (Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum) - Frequency transmission with a redundant bit pattern resulting in a
lower probability of information being lost in transit.
Appendix D: Glossary
43
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) - A message included in data packets that can increase wireless
efficiency.
Dynamic IP Address - A temporary IP address assigned by a DHCP server.
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) - A general authentication protocol used to control network access.
Many specific authentication methods work within this framework.
EAP-PEAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol-Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol) - A mutual
authentication method that uses a combination of digital certificates and another system, such as passwords.
EAP-TLS (Extensible Authentication Protocol-Transport Layer Security) - A mutual authentication method that
uses digital certificates.
Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.
Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved from a common
transmission medium.
Finger - A program that tells you the name associated with an e-mail address.
Firewall - A set of related programs located at a network gateway server that protects the resources of a
network from users from other networks.
Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.
Fragmentation -Breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network medium that cannot
support the original size of the packet.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network.
Full Duplex - The ability of a networking device to receive and transmit data simultaneously.
Gateway - A device that interconnects networks with different, incompatible communications protocols.
Half Duplex - Data transmission that can occur in two directions over a single line, but only one direction at a
time.
Hardware - The physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other information technology devices.
HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol) - The communications protocol used to connect to servers on the World
Wide Web.
Appendix D: Glossary
44
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) - An independent institute that develops networking
standards.
Infrastructure - A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point.
IP (Internet Protocol) - A protocol used to send data over a network.
IP Address - The address used to identify a computer or device on a network.
IPCONFIG - A Windows 2000 and XP utility that displays the IP address for a particular networking device.
IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) - A VPN protocol used to implement secure exchange of packets at the IP layer.
ISM band - Radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
LAN - The computers and networking products that make up your local network.
LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) - A mutual authentication method that uses a username
and password system.
MAC (Media Access Control) Address - The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to each networking
device.
Mbps (MegaBits Per Second) - One million bits per second; a unit of measurement for data transmission.
mIRC - An Internet Relay Chat program that runs under Windows.
Multicasting - Sending data to a group of destinations at once.
NAT (Network Address Translation) - NAT technology translates IP addresses of a local area network to a different
IP address for the Internet.
Network - A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data sharing, storage, and/or
transmission between users.
NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) - The protocol used to connect to Usenet groups on the Internet.
Node - A network junction or connection point, typically a computer or work station.
Appendix D: Glossary
45
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) - Frequency transmission that separates the data stream
into a number of lower-speed data streams, which are then transmitted in parallel to prevent information from
being lost in transit.
Packet - A unit of data sent over a network.
Passphrase - Used much like a password, a passphrase simplifies the WEP encryption process by automatically
generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products.
Ping (Packet INternet Groper) - An Internet utility used to determine whether a particular IP address is online.
POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) - A standard mail server commonly used on the Internet.
Port - The connection point on a computer or networking device used for plugging in cables or adapters.
Power over Ethernet (PoE) - A technology enabling an Ethernet network cable to deliver both data and power.
PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) - A type of broadband connection that provides authentication
(username and password) in addition to data transport.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) - A VPN protocol that allows the Point to Point Protocol (PPP) to be
tunneled through an IP network. This protocol is also used as a type of broadband connection in Europe.
Preamble - Part of the wireless signal that synchronizes network traffic.
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) - A protocol that uses an authentication server to control
network access.
RJ-45 (Registered Jack-45) - An Ethernet connector that holds up to eight wires.
Roaming - The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another without losing the
connection.
Router - A networking device that connects multiple networks together.
RTS (Request To Send) - A networking method of coordinating large packets through the RTS Threshold setting.
Server - Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files, printing, communications,
and other services.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - The standard e-mail protocol on the Internet.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - A widely used network monitoring and control protocol.
Appendix D: Glossary
46
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Software - Instructions for the computer. A series of instructions that performs a particular task is called a
“program”.
SOHO (Small Office/Home Office) - Market segment of professionals who work at home or in small offices.
SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) Firewall - A technology that inspects every incoming packet of information
before allowing it to enter the network.
Spread Spectrum - Wideband radio frequency technique used for more reliable and secure data transmission.
SSID (Service Set IDentifier) - Your wireless network's name.
Static IP Address - A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a network.
Static Routing - Forwarding data in a network via a fixed path.
Subnet Mask - An address code that determines the size of the network.
Switch - 1. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers, allowing a large number of
devices to share a limited number of ports. 2. A device for making, breaking, or changing the connections in an
electrical circuit.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - A network protocol for transmitting data that requires acknowledgement
from the recipient of data sent.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - A set of instructions PCs use to communicate over a
network.
Telnet - A user command and TCP/IP protocol used for accessing remote PCs.
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) - A version of the TCP/IP FTP protocol that has no directory or password
capability.
Throughput - The amount of data moved successfully from one node to another in a given time period.
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) - a wireless encryption protocol that provides dynamic encryption keys for
each packet transmitted.
Topology - The physical layout of a network.
TX Rate - Transmission Rate.
Appendix D: Glossary
47
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - A network protocol for transmitting data that does not require acknowledgement
from the recipient of the data that is sent.
Upgrade - To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version.
Upload - To transmit a file over a network.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - The address of a file located on the Internet.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) - A security measure to protect data as it leaves one network and goes to another
over the Internet.
WAN (Wide Area Network)- The Internet.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) - A method of encrypting network data transmitted on a wireless network for
greater security.
WINIPCFG - A Windows 98 and Me utility that displays the IP address for a particular networking device.
WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) - A group of computers and associated devices that communicate with
each other wirelessly.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) - A wireless security protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)
encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.
Appendix D: Glossary
48
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix E: Specifications
Model
WMP55AG
Standards
IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g
Interface
PCI
LEDs
Power/Link
Transmit Power
Up to 19 dBm
Modulation
802.11a and 802.11g: OFDM; 802.11b: CCK, DQPSK, DBPSK
Security Features
WPA, LEAP, WEP
WEP Key Bits
64, 128, 152 Bits
Warranty
3-Year Limited
Dimensions
148,5 mm x 122 mm x 22 mm (5,85" x 4,80" x 0,87")
Unit Weight
0,068 kg (2,40 oz.)
Power
3,3V
Certifications
FCC, Wi-Fi, WHQL, CE
Operating Temp.
0 ~ 55°C (32 ~ 131°F)
Storage Temp.
-20 ~ 85°C (-4 ~ 185°F)
Operating Humidity
10% to 85% Non-Condensing
Storage Humidity
5% to 90% Non-Condensing
Appendix E: Specifications
49
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix F: Warranty Information
Linksys warrants to You that, for a period of three years (the “Warranty Period”), your Linksys Product will be substantially
free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use. Your exclusive remedy and Linksys' entire liability under
this warranty will be for Linksys at its option to repair or replace the Product or refund Your purchase price less any rebates.
This limited warranty extends only to the original purchaser.
If the Product proves defective during the Warranty Period call Linksys Technical Support in order to obtain a Return
Authorization Number, if applicable. BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE ON HAND WHEN CALLING. If You are
requested to return the Product, mark the Return Authorization Number clearly on the outside of the package and include a
copy of your original proof of purchase. RETURN REQUESTS CANNOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT PROOF OF PURCHASE. You
are responsible for shipping defective Products to Linksys. Linksys pays for UPS Ground shipping from Linksys back to You
only. Customers located outside of the United States of America and Canada are responsible for all shipping and handling
charges.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE LIMITED
TO THE DURATION OF THE WARRANTY PERIOD. ALL OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS AND
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, ARE DISCLAIMED. Some jurisdictions do not
allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to You. This warranty gives
You specific legal rights, and You may also have other rights which vary by jurisdiction.
This warranty does not apply if the Product (a) has been altered, except by Linksys, (b) has not been installed, operated,
repaired, or maintained in accordance with instructions supplied by Linksys, or (c) has been subjected to abnormal physical
or electrical stress, misuse, negligence, or accident. In addition, due to the continual development of new techniques for
intruding upon and attacking networks, Linksys does not warrant that the Product will be free of vulnerability to intrusion or
attack.
TO THE EXTENT NOT PROHIBITED BY LAW, IN NO EVENT WILL LINKSYS BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOST DATA, REVENUE OR PROFIT,
OR FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, REGARDLESS OF THE THEORY OF
LIABILITY (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT
(INCLUDING ANY SOFTWARE), EVEN IF LINKSYS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT
WILL LINKSYS’ LIABILITY EXCEED THE AMOUNT PAID BY YOU FOR THE PRODUCT. The foregoing limitations will apply even if
any warranty or remedy provided under this Agreement fails of its essential purpose. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to You.
This Warranty is valid and may be processed only in the country of purchase.
Please direct all inquiries to: Linksys, P.O. Box 18558, Irvine, CA 92623.
50
Appendix F: Warranty Information
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix G: Regulatory Information
FCC STATEMENT
This product has been tested and complies with the specifications for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used according to the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which is found by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment or devices
Connect the equipment to an outlet other than the receiver's
Consult a dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for assistance
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This
equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator and your body.
INDUSTRY CANADA (CANADA)
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003, RSS210.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
The use of this device in a system operating either partially or completely outdoors may require the user to obtain
a license for the system according to the Canadian regulations.
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY (EUROPE)
Refer to the insert for compliance information about Linksys Wireless A+G Products.
Disclaimer: This product is not intended for sale and use in all European countries.
Appendix G: Regulatory Information
51
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
SAFETY NOTICES
Caution: To reduce the risk of fire, use only No.26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cord.
Do not use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.
Avoid using this product during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
Appendix G: Regulatory Information
52
Dual-Band Wireless A+G PCI Adapter
Appendix H: Contact Information
Need to contact Linksys?
Visit us online for information on the latest products and updates to your existing products at:
http://www.linksys.com/international
If you experience problems with any Linksys product, you can e-mail us at:
In Europe
E-mail Address
Austria
support.at@linksys.com
Belgium
support.be@linksys.com
Denmark
support.dk@linksys.com
France
support.fr@linksys.com
Germany
support.de@linksys.com
Italy
support.it@linksys.com
Netherlands
support.nl@linksys.com
Norway
support.no@linksys.com
Portugal
support.pt@linksys.com
Spain
support.es@linksys.com
Sweden
support.se@linksys.com
Switzerland
support.ch@linksys.com
United Kingdom & Ireland
support.uk@linksys.com
Outside of Europe
E-mail Address
Latin America
support.la@linksys.com
U.S. and Canada
support@linksys.com
53
Appendix H: Contact Information
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