2011 CRF100F Owner`s Manual

2011 CRF100F Owner`s Manual
10/07/27 17:33:02 31KSJ660 0005 Contents
These pages give an overview of the contents
of your owner’s manual. The first page of each
section lists the topics covered in that section.
Basic Operation & Riding ........................ 29
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions.
Introduction
Motorcycle Safety .....................................
Important safety information, a special
message for parents, precautions about
loading, accessories, and modifications,
and the location of safety labels.
1
Operating Controls ................................... 13
The location, function, and operation of
the throttle, brakes, clutch, and other
basic controls.
Before Riding ............................................ 23
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, plus how to
make sure you and your motorcycle are
ready to ride.
Contents
Servicing Your Honda .............................. 41
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, a
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance items.
10/07/27 17:33:11 31KSJ660 0006 Contents
Tips ............................................................. 109
How to transport and store your
motorcycle, and how to be an
environmentally responsible rider.
Index ........................................................... 152
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes,
and air pressures.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ............... 119
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information.............................. 127
ID numbers, technical specifications, and
other technical facts.
Consumer Information ............................ 143
Information on warranties and how to get
Honda service manuals.
Contents
10/07/27 17:32:42 31KSJ660 0002 2011
Honda CRF100F
OWNER’S MANUAL
FOR OFF-ROAD USE ONLY
This vehicle is designed and manufactured for off-road use only.
USA only:
It conforms to US EPA Noise Emission regulations, but does not conform to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards or US EPA On Highway Exhaust Emission regulations, and operation on public streets, roads, or
highways is illegal. The vehicle is equipped with a USDA qualified spark arrester. Obey local laws and
regulations.
It conforms to US EPA, California, and Environment Canada emission regulations for off-road motorcycles.
10/07/27 17:32:47 31KSJ660 0003 A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an
important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and
other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that
could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or
maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
10/07/27 17:32:52 31KSJ660 0004 A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire book is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
10/07/27 17:33:17 31KSJ660 0007 Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda offroad motorcycle.
pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in
this manual.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers−
people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for
building quality into every product.
We also recommend that you read the owner’s
manual before you ride. It’s full of facts,
instructions, safety information, and helpful
tips. To make it easy to use, the manual
contains, a detailed list of topics at the
beginning of each section and an index at the
back of the book.
Your Honda was designed as a recreational
motorcycle for off-road use by one rider only.
It’s an ideal bike for younger, beginning riders,
but one that is also suitable for many adult
riders.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted with
your motorcycle and how it works. To protect
your investment, we urge you to take
responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well
maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of
course. But it’s just as important to observe the
break-in guidelines, and perform all the
Introduction
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is intended
to help you avoid damage to your Honda, other
property, or the environment.
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 147 )
thoroughly so you understand the coverages
that protect your new Honda and are aware of
your rights and responsibilities.
10/07/27 17:33:23 31KSJ660 0008 Introduction
Whenever you ride, tread lightly. By staying on
established trails and riding only in approved
areas, you help protect the environment and
keep off-road riding areas open for the future.
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or emits
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
If you have any questions, or if you ever need a
special service or repairs, remember that your
Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and
is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your dealer so we will be able to
contact you concerning important product
information.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
Introduction
10/07/27 17:33:31 31KSJ660 0010 Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and recommendations to
help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please
take a few moments to read these pages. This
section also includes a special message for
parents and location information for the safety
labels on your motorcycle.
Important Safety Information ......................... 2
Important Message to Parents ......................... 5
Loading, Accessories & Modifications .......... 8
Loading ....................................................... 8
Accessories & Modifications......................10
Safety Labels...................................................12
Motorcycle Safety
1
10/07/27 17:33:37 31KSJ660 0011 Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take responsibility
for your own safety and understand the
challenges you can meet while riding.
This motorcycle has been designed for younger
riders, as well as for smaller adults. However,
not all youngsters are physically or emotionally
ready to ride. Therefore, before parents allow
any youngster to ride this motorcycle, we urge
them to carefully read the Important Message
to Parents beginning on page 5 and the Parents,
Youngsters and Of f -Highway Motorcycles
booklet that came with the motorcycle (USA
only).
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce
the number and severity of head injuries. So
always wear an approved motorcycle helmet.
We also recommend that you wear eye
protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other
protective gear (page 24 ).
Never Carry a Passenger
Your motorcycle is designed for one person
only. There are no handholds, footrests, or seat
for a second person−so never carry a
passenger. A passenger could interfere with
your ability to move around to maintain your
balance and control of the motorcycle.
10/07/27 17:33:43 31KSJ660 0012 Important Safety Information
Ride Off-road Only
Your motorcycle is designed and manufactured
for off-road use only. The tires are not made
for pavement, and the motorcycle does not
have turn signals and other features required
for use on public roads. If you need to cross a
paved or public road, get off and walk your
motorcycle across.
Take Time to Learn and Practice
Developing off-road riding skills is a gradual,
step-by-step process. Start by practicing at low
speeds in a safe area and slowly build your
skills. Personal instruction from an experienced
rider can also be valuable.
Be Alert for Off-road Hazards
The terrain can present a variety of challenges
when you ride off-road. Continually ‘‘read’’
the terrain for unexpected turns, drop-offs,
rocks, ruts, and other hazards. Always keep
your speed low enough to allow time to see and
react to hazards.
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle crashes. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue,
and inattention can significantly reduce your
ability to make good judgments and ride safely.
If you need assistance, ask your dealer about
riding groups in your area.
Also be sure to read the Tips & Practice Guide
f or the Of f -Highway Motorcyclist booklet that
came with your motorcycle (USA only).
Motorcycle Safety
3
10/07/27 17:33:47 31KSJ660 0013 Important Safety Information
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink
can reduce your ability to respond to changing
conditions, and your reaction time gets worse
with every additional drink. So don’t drink and
ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride
either.
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly
maintained and in safe riding condition.
Having a breakdown can be difficult,
especially if you are stranded off-road far from
your base. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and perform
all recommended maintenance.
4
Motorcycle Safety
10/07/27 17:33:53 31KSJ660 0014 Important Message to Parents
Your child’s safety is very important to Honda.
That’s why we urge you to read this message
before you let any young person ride this
motorcycle. Off-road riding can be fun. But, as
with riding a bicycle, bad judgment can result
in injury, and we don’t want that to happen! As
a parent, you can help prevent accidents by
making good decisions about if, when, and
how your youngster rides this motorcycle.
Riding Readiness
The first decision you’ll need to make is
whether your youngster is ready to ride. Riding
readiness varies widely from one person to
another, and age and size are not the only
factors.
PHYSICAL ABILITY is an important
consideration. For example, riders must be big
enough to hold the motorcycle up, get on, and
comfortably sit on the seat with both feet
touching the ground. They should also be able
to easily reach and work the brakes, throttle,
and all other controls.
ATHLETIC ABILITY is necessary for riding a
motorcycle. Generally speaking, your
youngster should be good at riding a bicycle
before getting on a motorcycle. Can your
youngster judge speeds and distances while
riding a bicycle and react with proper hand and
foot actions? Anyone who does not have good
coordination, balance, and agility is not ready
to ride this motorcycle.
(cont’d)
Motorcycle Safety
5
10/07/27 17:33:59 31KSJ660 0015 Important Message to Parents
MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL MATURITY
are requirements for safe riding. Does your
youngster think through problems and come to
logical solutions? On a bicycle, does your
youngster obey safe riding rules? Be honest!
Young people who take unnecessary risks,
make bad judgments, and don’t obey rules are
not ready to ride this motorcycle.
Instruction and Supervision
If you decide that your youngster is ready to
safely operate this motorcycle, make sure both
of you carefully read and understand the
owner’s manual before riding. Also be sure that
your youngster has a helmet and other
appropriate riding equipment, and always
wears it when operating the vehicle or sitting
on it.
6
Motorcycle Safety
GOOD INSTRUCTION is an important part of
hands-on training. The teacher can either be
you or another responsible adult who has
experience with off-road motorcycle riding.
(For help in finding a qualified instructor, talk
with your dealer.) Even if you’re not the main
teacher, it’s up to you to ensure your
youngster’s safety. Remember, learning to ride
a motorcycle is a gradual, step-by-step process.
It takes time, patience, and practice−many
hours over a period of weeks or months.
10/07/27 17:34:04 31KSJ660 0016 Important Message to Parents
SUPERVISION is another important obligation
of parents. Even after youngsters have become
skilled off-road riders, they should always ride
with adult supervision. It helps to regularly
remind young riders of basic safety rules and
precautions. And remember, it’s your
responsibility to see that the motorcycle is
properly maintained and kept in safe operating
condition.
SAFE AND RESPONSIBLE RIDING must be
an on-going commitment−by you and your
youngster. When you both put safety first, you
can enjoy more peace of mind, and your
youngster can enjoy more hours of safe offroad riding.
For your convenience, this CRF100F comes
with an ignition switch and key. Remove the
key when the motorcycle is parked to help
prevent unauthorized use.
Motorcycle Safety
7
10/07/27 17:34:10 31KSJ660 0017 Loading, Accessories & Modifications
Your Honda was designed as a rider-only
motorcycle. It was not designed to carry a
passenger or cargo. A passenger or cargo could
interfere with your ability to move around to
maintain your balance and control of the
motorcycle.
In addition, exceeding the weight limits or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
affect your motorcycle’s handling, braking,
and stability. Adding accessories or making
modifications that change this motorcycle’s
design and performance can also make it
unsafe. Also, the weight of any accessories will
reduce the maximum load the motorcycle can
carry.
More specific information on load limits,
accessories, and modifications follows.
Loading
How much weight you put on your motorcycle,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. If you decide to carry cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or carrying a passenger
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other loading
guidelines in this manual.
8
Motorcycle Safety
10/07/27 17:34:19 31KSJ660 0018 Loading, Accessories & Modifications
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Maximum weight capacity
= 220 lb (100 kg)
Includes the weight of the rider and any
accessories.
Place weight as close to the center of the
motorcycle as possible.
Do not attach large or heavy items (such as a
sleeping bag or tent) to the handlebar, fork,
or front fender.
Make sure that all cargo is tied down
securely.
Never exceed the maximum weight limit.
Check that both tires are inflated properly.
Loading Guidelines
As discussed on page 8 , we recommend that
you do not carry any cargo on this motorcycle.
However, if you decide to carry cargo, ride at
reduced speeds and follow these commonsense guidelines:
Keep cargo small and light. Make sure it
cannot easily be caught on brush or other
objects, and that it does not interfere with
your ability to shift position to maintain
balance and stability.
Motorcycle Safety
9
10/07/27 17:34:25 31KSJ660 0019 Loading, Accessories & Modifications
Before you consider making any modifications
or adding an accessory, be sure to read the
following information.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection, installation,
and use of non-Honda accessories. Check with
your dealer for assistance and always follow
this guideline:
Improper accessories or modifications
can cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Make sure the accessory does not reduce
ground clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your motorcycle
unsafe.
Follow all instructions in this owner’s
manual regarding modifications and
accessories.
10
Motorcycle Safety
10/07/27 17:34:30 31KSJ660 0020 Loading, Accessories & Modifications
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your motorcycle
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously impair
your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and
braking, making it unsafe to ride.
We also advise you not to make any
modifications or remove any equipment (such
as the USDA qualified spark arrester or
emission control system components) that
would make the motorcycle illegal in your area.
Motorcycle Safety
11
10/07/27 17:34:39 31KSJ660 0021 Safety Labels
This page shows the locations of safety labels on your motorcycle. Some labels warn you of
potential hazards that could cause serious injury. Others provide important safety information. Read
these labels carefully and don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your dealer for a replacement.
(For USA)
(For Canada)
12
Motorcycle Safety
10/07/27 17:34:49 31KSJ660 0022 Operating Controls
When you ride off-road, you need to operate
the throttle, clutch, brakes, and other controls
without stopping to look at them. Read this
section carefully before you ride. It describes
the location, function, and operation of all the
basic controls on your motorcycle.
Operation Component Locations ....................14
Operating Controls ..........................................17
Fuel Valve ...................................................17
Choke Lever ................................................18
Ignition Switch ............................................19
Engine Stop Button .....................................20
Front Brake Lever .......................................20
Throttle ........................................................20
Clutch Lever................................................20
Shift Lever ..................................................21
Rear Brake Pedal.........................................21
Kickstarter ...................................................21
Side Stand ...................................................21
Operating Controls
13
10/07/27 17:34:53 31KSJ660 0023 Operation Component Locations
clutch lever
engine stop
button
14
Operating Controls
front brake lever
throttle grip
10/07/27 17:34:57 31KSJ660 0024 Operation Component Locations
kickstarter
rear brake pedal
Operating Controls
15
10/07/27 17:35:01 31KSJ660 0025 Operation Component Locations
fuel valve
choke lever
ignition switch
shift lever
16
Operating Controls
10/07/27 17:35:08 31KSJ660 0026 Operating Controls
ON
Turning the fuel valve ON before attempting to
start the engine allows fuel to flow from the
fuel tank to the carburetor.
Fuel Valve
ON
OFF
RES
OFF
Turning the fuel valve OFF after stopping the
engine prevents the flow of fuel from the fuel
tank to the carburetor.
The three-way fuel valve is used to control the
flow of fuel from the fuel tank to the
carburetor.
RES
Turning the fuel valve to RES allows fuel to
flow from the reserve fuel supply to the
carburetor.
Operating Controls
17
10/07/27 17:35:17 31KSJ660 0027 Operating Controls
The reserve fuel supply is:
0.18 US gal (0.7 )
The tank should be refilled as soon as possible
after switching to reserve, and the fuel valve
should be returned to the ON position after
refueling to avoid running out of fuel with no
reserve.
Choke Lever
(1)
LEFT SIDE
(A)
(C)
18
Operating Controls
ON
Used to start a cold engine with air temperature
below 35°C (95°F).
DETENT
Used to warm a cold engine immediately after
starting with air temperature below 35°C
(95°F).
OFF
Used for normal operation, for restarting a
warm engine, or starting a cold engine with air
temperature above 35°C (95°F).
(B)
(1) choke lever
The choke lever ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine (page 31 ). The choke increases the
percentage of fuel in the fuel/air mixture
delivered to the engine.
(A) fully ON
(B) detent position
(C) fully OFF
10/07/27 17:35:25 31KSJ660 0028 Operating Controls
LEFT SIDE (under fuel tank)
Ignition Switch
OFF
ON
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used to prevent
unauthorized use of the motorcycle.
Before riding, insert the key and turn it to the
right for the ON position.
Key
Function
Position
(OFF) The engine cannot be
operated.
(ON) With the transmission
in neutral, the engine
can be started.
Key Removal
The key can
be removed.
The key
cannot be
removed.
(1) ignition switch
OFF
(1)
ON
After parking the motorcycle, remove the key.
Operating Controls
19
10/07/27 17:35:33 31KSJ660 0029 Operating Controls
Engine Stop Button
Throttle
The engine stop button is used to turn the
engine off during normal riding situations. To
operate, push the button in and hold it in until
the engine stops completely.
The throttle controls engine rpm (speed). To
increase engine rpm, rotate the grip toward you.
To reduce engine rpm, rotate the grip away
from you. The throttle will automatically return
to the closed position (engine idle) when you
remove your hand.
Front Brake Lever
The front brake lever is used to slow or stop
your motorcycle. To operate, pull the lever. For
information on braking techniques, see
page 37 .
20
Operating Controls
Clutch Lever
The clutch lever is used to disengage the clutch
whenever you shift gears. To operate, pull the
clutch lever in all the way before shifting, then
slowly release it after shifting.
10/07/27 17:35:41 31KSJ660 0030 Operating Controls
Shift Lever
Kickstarter
The shift lever is used to select the next higher
or lower gear in the transmission. To operate,
raise the shift lever (after pulling in the clutch
lever) to engage the next higher gear or depress
the shift lever to engage the next lower gear.
See Shif ting Gears, page 35 .
The kickstarter is used to start the engine. To
operate, swing the kickstarter out from its
stored position and depress it through its entire
stroke. See Starting Procedure, page 31 .
Side Stand
Rear Brake Pedal
The rear brake pedal is used to slow or stop
your motorcycle. To operate, depress the pedal.
For information on braking techniques, see
page 37 .
The side stand is used to support your
motorcycle while parked (page 39 ). To operate,
use your foot to lower the stand. Before riding,
raise the stand.
Operating Controls
21
10/07/27 17:35:44 31KSJ660 0031 22
Operating Controls
10/07/27 17:35:50 31KSJ660 0032 Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure you
and your Honda are both ready to ride. To help
get you prepared, this section discusses how to
evaluate your riding readiness, and how to
perform the recommended pre-ride inspection
of your Honda. If you’re a parent, be sure you
also read the Important Message to Parents on
page 5 .
Are You Ready to Ride? .................................24
Protective Apparel ......................................24
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? ...............26
Pre-ride Inspection ......................................27
Before Riding
23
10/07/27 17:35:58 31KSJ660 0033 Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the first
time, we strongly recommend that you:
read this owner’s manual
make sure you understand all the safety
messages
know how to operate all the controls
Before each ride, we also suggest that you
make sure you:
are in good physical and mental condition
are free of alcohol and drugs
are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet
(with chin strap tightened securely), eye
protection, and other protective clothing
24
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
For your safety, we strongly recommend that
you always wear an approved motorcycle
helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long
pants, and a long-sleeved jersey, shirt, or jacket
whenever you ride. Although complete
protection is not possible, wearing the proper
gear can reduce the chance of injury when you
ride. Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
10/07/27 17:36:05 31KSJ660 0034 Are You Ready to Ride?
Not wearing a helmet increases the
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash.
Be sure you always wear a helmet,
eye protection and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece of
riding gear because it offers the best protection
against head injuries. A helmet should fit your
head comfortably and have a chin strap that can
be tightened securely.
(USA only). Always wear a face shield or
goggles to protect your eyes and help your
vision.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we
also recommend:
Sturdy off-road motorcycle boots to help
protect your feet, ankles, and lower legs.
Off-road motorcycle gloves to help protect
your hands.
Riding pants with knee and hip pads, a riding
jersey with padded elbows, and a chest/
shoulder protector.
An open-face helmet offers some protection,
but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless
of the style, look for a DOT (Department of
Transportation) sticker on any helmet you buy
Before Riding
25
10/07/27 17:36:10 31KSJ660 0035 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your
motorcycle and make sure any problem you
find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a
must because off-road riding can be tough on a
motorcycle and you don’t want to have a
breakdown far from help.
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
riding can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride inspection
before every ride and correct any
problems.
26
Before Riding
Note to Parents:
If a youngster will be perf orming any of the
f ollowing pre-ride inspection procedures, it’s
your responsibility to provide caref ul
supervision and make sure they are perf ormed
saf ely.
10/07/27 17:36:25 31KSJ660 0036 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Fuel
Check the level and add fuel
(page 57 ) if needed. Also make
sure the fuel fill cap is securely
fastened.
Drive Chain
Check the condition and slack.
Adjust and lubricate if needed.
Also check the chain slider for
wear and replace if needed
(page 99 ).
Cables
Check the cable housings for
wear. Check the fittings for
looseness. Replace or tighten as
needed.
Nuts &
Bolts
Use a wrench to make sure all
accessible nuts, bolts, and
fasteners are tight.
Spark Plug
& Cap
Check for looseness
(page 76 ).
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get on
the motorcycle:
Tires
Use a gauge to check the air
pressure. Adjust if needed. Also
look for signs of damage or
excessive wear (page 94 ).
Spokes &
Rims
Make sure the spokes and rim
locks are tight. Also check the
rims for damage (page 89 ).
Leaks
Look under the motorcycle for
signs of leaking fluids (fuel,
engine oil).
Engine Oil
Check the level and add oil if
needed (page 63 ).
Before Riding
27
10/07/27 17:36:33 31KSJ660 0037 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Check the freeplay and adjust if
needed. Rotate the throttle to
make sure it moves smoothly
without sticking, and snaps shut
automatically when it is released,
in all steering positions
(page 69 ).
Brakes
Squeeze the front brake lever
and step on the rear brake pedal
to check that the controls
operate normally (page 83 ).
Adjust freeplay, if necessary.
(pages 83 , 86 ).
Clutch
Lever
Check for smooth operation and
adjust if needed (page 71 ).
28
Before Riding
Remember, be sure to take care of any problem
you find or have your dealer correct it before
you ride.
10/07/27 17:36:44 31KSJ660 0038 Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic information on how to
begin riding your motorcycle. It includes how
to start and stop your engine, how to use the
throttle, clutch, and brakes, and what to do
when you’re through riding.
For more information on how to make turns,
ride on hills, etc., see the Tips & Practice
Guide f or the Of f -Highway Motorcyclist
booklet that came with your Honda (USA only).
Safe Riding Precautions..................................30
Starting & Stopping the Engine ......................31
Preparation ..................................................31
Starting Procedure.......................................31
Flooded Engine ...........................................33
How to Stop the Engine ..............................34
Shifting Gears .................................................35
Braking ............................................................37
Parking ............................................................39
Post-ride Inspection ........................................40
To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum
performance and service life, refer to Break-in
Guidelines (page 134 ).
For information about carburetor adjustment
for riding at high altitude, see page 135 .
Basic Operation & Riding
29
10/07/27 17:36:50 31KSJ660 0039 Basic Operation & Riding
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first time,
please review the Important Saf ety
Inf ormation beginning on page 2 and the
previous section, titled Bef ore Riding.
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how this
motorcycle works and handles. Practice in a
safe area until you build up your skills and get
accustomed to your motorcycle’s size and
weight.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating the
engine in an enclosed area such as a garage.
Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous
carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly
in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.
30
Basic Operation & Riding
Your motorcycle is not equipped with lights.
Do not ride at night.
10/07/27 17:36:59 31KSJ660 0040 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting procedure
described below.
Your motorcycle can be kickstarted with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the clutch
lever before operating the kickstarter.
Starting Procedure
To restart a warm engine, follow the procedure
for High Air Temperature.
Normal Air Temperature
10°−35°C (50°−95°F)
Preparation
LEFT SIDE
Before starting, insert the key and turn the
ignition switch ON.
(1)
(A)
(B)
Make sure that the transmission is in neutral.
Turn the fuel valve ON.
(C)
(1) choke lever
(A) fully ON
(B) detent position
(C) fully OFF
1. Pull the choke lever ( 1 ) up all the way to
fully ON (A).
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
31
10/07/27 17:37:11 31KSJ660 0041 Starting & Stopping the Engine
2. Keep the throttle fully closed.
3. Operate the kickstarter to start the engine.
Starting from the top of the stroke, kick
through to the bottom with a rapid,
continuous motion. Do not operate the
throttle.
Allowing the kickstarter to snap back f reely
against the pedal stop can damage the engine
case.
4. Immediately after the engine starts, push the
choke lever down to the detent position ( B).
5. Warm up the engine by opening and closing
the throttle slightly.
6. About 15 seconds after the engine starts,
push the choke lever down all the way to
fully OFF ( C).
7. If idling is unstable, open the throttle slightly.
32
Basic Operation & Riding
High Air Temperature
35°C (95°F) or above
1. Do not use the choke.
2. Keep the throttle fully closed.
3. Start the engine following step 3 under
Normal Air Temperature.
Low Air Temperature
10°C (50°F) or below
1. Follow steps 1 − 3 under Normal Air
Temperature.
2. Warm up the engine by opening and closing
the throttle slightly.
3. Continue warming up the engine until it runs
smoothly and responds to the throttle when
the choke lever ( 1 ) is pushed down all the
way to fully OFF ( C ).
Extended use of the choke may impair piston
and cylinder wall lubrication and damage the
engine.
10/07/27 17:37:19 31KSJ660 0042 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel.
To clear a flooded engine:
1. Push the choke lever down all the way to
OFF.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. While pushing the engine stop button, crank
the engine several times with the kickstarter.
4. Release the engine stop button.
5. Follow the High Air Temperature starting
procedure (page 32 ).
Basic Operation & Riding
33
10/07/27 17:37:23 31KSJ660 0043 Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
To stop the engine, shift into neutral, push the
engine stop button in, and hold it in until the
engine stops.
34
Basic Operation & Riding
10/07/27 17:37:32 31KSJ660 0044 Shifting Gears
2 3 4 5
1
Your motorcycle has five forward gears.
3. Depress the shift lever from neutral down to
first gear.
4. Release the front brake. Gradually open the
throttle while you slowly release the clutch
lever.
If engine rpm (speed) is too low when you
release the clutch lever, the engine will stall.
If engine rpm is too high or you release the
clutch lever too quickly, your motorcycle
may lurch forward.
5. When you attain a moderate speed, close the
throttle, pull the clutch lever in, and raise the
shift lever. After shifting, release the clutch
lever and apply the throttle.
To start riding, after the engine has been
warmed and the side stand raised:
1. Close the throttle and pull the front brake
lever in.
2. Pull the clutch lever all the way in.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
35
10/07/27 17:37:39 31KSJ660 0045 Shifting Gears
6. To continue shifting up to each higher gear,
repeat step 5 .
7. To shift down to a lower gear, close the
throttle, pull the clutch lever in, and depress
the shift lever. After shifting, release the
clutch lever and apply the throttle.
Remember to close the throttle and pull the
clutch lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shif ting may damage the engine,
transmission, and drive train.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too high.
Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the
engine laboring (lugging) at low rpm.
36
Basic Operation & Riding
Downshif ting can help slow your motorcycle,
especially on downhills. However,
downshif ting when engine rpm is too high can
cause engine damage.
To prevent transmission damage, do not coast
or tow the motorcycle f or long distances with
the engine of f .
10/07/27 17:37:46 31KSJ660 0046 Braking
To slow or stop, apply the front brake and rear
brake smoothly, while downshifting to match
your speed. Gradually increase braking as you
feel the brakes slowing your speed. To prevent
stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in
before coming to a complete stop. For support,
put your left foot down first, then your right
foot when you have finished using the rear
brake.
For maximum braking, close the throttle and
firmly apply the brake lever and pedal controls.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause the
wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of
your motorcycle. If this happens, release the
brake controls, steer straight ahead until you
regain control, then reapply the brakes more
gently.
Generally, reduce your speed or complete
braking before beginning a turn. Avoid braking
or closing the throttle quickly while turning.
Either action may cause one or both wheels to
slip. Any wheel slip will reduce your control of
your motorcycle.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on
loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop
will be reduced. All of your actions should be
smooth under these conditions. Rapid
acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss
of control. For your safety, exercise extreme
caution when braking, accelerating, or turning.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
37
10/07/27 17:37:50 31KSJ660 0047 Braking
When descending a long, steep grade, use
engine compression braking by downshifting,
with intermittent use of both brakes.
When you brake to a stop, pull the clutch lever
in before stopping completely to prevent
stalling the engine. For support, put your left
foot on the ground first, then your right foot
when you have finished braking.
38
Basic Operation & Riding
10/07/27 17:37:53 31KSJ660 0048 Parking
Lower the side stand to support your
motorcycle. Turn the ignition switch OFF and
remove the key. If you’re finished riding for
the day, also turn the fuel valve OFF. Always
choose a level place to park.
Basic Operation & Riding
39
10/07/27 17:37:57 31KSJ660 0049 Post-ride Inspection
When you return home after riding, thoroughly
clean your motorcycle and remove any dirt,
mud, brush, rocks or other objects you may
have picked up along the way.
After cleaning, carefully inspect your
motorcycle for leaks or damage.
Be sure to lubricate the drive chain (page 103 )
to prevent rusting.
40
Basic Operation & Riding
10/07/27 17:38:07 31KSJ660 0050 Servicing Your Honda
Keeping your motorcycle well maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a
good way to protect your investment, get
maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and
have more fun.
To help keep your motorcycle in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance Schedule
for required servicing and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety precautions,
information on oils, and tips for keeping your
Honda looking good.
For information about the exhaust emission and
noise emission requirements of the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the
California Air Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC), see page 136 .
An optional tool kit may be available. Check
with your dealer’s parts department.
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission
control devices and systems may be performed by
any motorcycle repair establishment or individual
using parts that are ‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .....................43
Maintenance Safety.........................................45
Important Safety Precautions......................45
Maintenance Schedule ....................................47
Maintenance Record .......................................51
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
41
10/07/27 17:38:22 31KSJ660 0051 Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...............52
Tools................................................................55
Side Cover Removal .......................................56
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..................................................................57
Engine Oil .......................................................60
Air Cleaner ......................................................66
Engine
Throttle ............................................................69
Clutch System .................................................71
Engine Idle Speed ...........................................75
Spark Plug .......................................................76
Spark Arrester .................................................78
Chassis
Suspension ......................................................80
Brakes ..............................................................83
Wheels .............................................................89
Tires & Tubes..................................................94
Side Stand .......................................................98
Drive Chain .....................................................99
Appearance Care ......................................... 106
42
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:38:29 31KSJ660 0052 The Importance of Maintenance
A well-maintained motorcycle is essential for
safe, economical, and trouble-free riding. It
will also help reduce air pollution. Careful preride inspections and good maintenance are
especially important because your motorcycle
is designed to be ridden over rough off-road
terrain.
To help you properly care for your motorcycle,
this section of the manual provides a
Maintenance Schedule. The service intervals in
this schedule are based on average riding
conditions.
More frequent service is needed if you subject
your motorcycle to severe use (such as
competition) or ride in unusually wet or dusty
areas.
Frequent servicing of the air cleaner is
especially important to help you avoid a
possible costly engine repair.
If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a
crash, be sure your dealer inspects all major
parts, even if you are able to make some repairs.
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
you ride can cause a crash in which
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s manual.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
43
10/07/27 17:38:33 31KSJ660 0053 The Importance of Maintenance
Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s
responsibility. Be sure to inspect your
motorcycle before each ride and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
44
Servicing Your Honda
Note to Parents:
As a parent, it’s up to you to make sure that
this motorcycle is properly maintained and
kept in saf e operating condition. For
youngsters, learning how to take care of a
motorcycle and perf orm basic maintenance
can be an important part of their riding
experience. However, if you allow a youngster
to perf orm or assist in any maintenance task,
such as f illing the tank with gasoline, you
should provide close supervision to make sure
that it is perf ormed saf ely.
10/07/27 17:38:39 31KSJ660 0054 Maintenance Safety
The maintenance section includes instructions
on how to perform some important
maintenance tasks. Some of the most important
safety precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that can
arise in performing maintenance. Only you can
decide whether or not you should perform a
given task.
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you begin
any maintenance or repairs.
This will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine
exhaust. Be sure there is adequate
ventilation whenever you operate the engine.
Failure to properly follow maintenance
instructions and precautions can
cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s manual.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run the
engine unless instructed to do so.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
45
10/07/27 17:38:44 31KSJ660 0055 Maintenance Safety
Read the instructions before you begin, and
make sure you have the tools and skills
required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface, using
the side stand or a maintenance stand to
provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working around
gasoline. Use only a non-flammable (high
flash point) solvent such as kerosene−not
gasoline−to clean parts. Keep cigarettes,
sparks, and flames away from all fuelrelated parts.
46
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:38:50 31KSJ660 0056 Maintenance Schedule
To maintain the safety and reliability of your
motorcycle, regular inspection and service is
required as shown in the Maintenance Schedule
that follows.
The Maintenance Schedule lists items that can
be performed with basic mechanical skills and
hand tools. Procedures for these items are
provided in this manual.
The Maintenance Schedule also includes items
that involve more extensive procedures and
may require special training, tools, and
equipment. Therefore, we recommend that you
have your dealer perform these tasks unless
you have advanced mechanical skills and the
required tools. Procedures for items in this
schedule are provided in a service manual
available for purchase from your dealer
(page 144 ).
Because your motorcycle does not have an
odometer, service intervals in the maintenance
schedules are expressed in terms of riding days
as well as miles. To avoid overlooking required
service, we urge you to develop a convenient
way to record the number of days and/or miles
you ride.
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember that
your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best
and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it.
If you decide to do your own maintenance, use
only Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents
for repair or replacement to ensure the best
quality and reliability.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
47
10/07/27 17:38:58 31KSJ660 0057 Maintenance Schedule
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 27 ) at
each scheduled maintenance period.
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes and
Procedures:
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge. Certain
items (particularly those marked * and **) may
require more technical information and tools.
Consult your dealer.
NOTE:
1. Service more frequently when ridden in wet
or dusty conditions.
*
Should be serviced by your dealer, unless the
owner has the proper tools and service data
and is mechanically qualified. Refer to the
official Honda Service Manual (page 144 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your dealer.
48
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or
replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
10/07/27 17:39:13 31KSJ660 0058 Maintenance Schedule
Frequency
Items
Fuel Line
Fuel Strainer Screen
Throttle Operation
Air Cleaner
Spark Plug
Valve Clearance
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Strainer Screen
Cam Chain Tension
Engine Idle Speed
*
**
Whichever
Comes First
mi
km
Note
Month
Initial
Maint.
100
150
1
Note 1
Regular Maint. Interval
600
1,000
6
I
R
C
I
I
R
A
I
A
I
1,200
2,000
12
I
C
I
C
I
I
R
C
A
I
1,800
3,000
18
C
I
I
R
A
I
2,400
4,000
24
I
C
I
C
I
I
R
C
A
I
Refer
to
page:
−
−
69
66
76
−
60
−
−
75
Should be serviced by your dealer, unless the owner has the proper tools and service data and is mechanically qualified. Refer to the
official Honda Service Manual (page 144 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
49
10/07/27 17:39:29 31KSJ660 0059 Maintenance Schedule
Frequency
Items
Drive Chain
Drive Chain Slider
Brake Shoe Wear
Brake System
Clutch System
Side Stand
Suspension
Spark Arrester
Nuts, Bolts, Fasteners
Wheels/Tires
Steering Head Bearings
*
**
50
Whichever
Comes First
mi
km
Note
Month
Note 1
Initial
Maint.
100
150
1
I, L
I
I
Regular Maint. Interval
600
1,000
6
1,200
2,000
12
1,800
3,000
18
2,400
4,000
24
I
I
I
I
I
I
99
100
87
83
71
98
80
78
I
I
I
−
89, 94
−
I, L: every 300 mi (500 km) or 3 months
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
C: every 1,000 mi (1,600 km) or
every 100 operating hours
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer
to
page:
Should be serviced by your dealer, unless the owner has the proper tools and service data and is mechanically qualified. Refer to the
official Honda Service Manual (page 144 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:39:35 31KSJ660 0060 Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or
mention to your dealer. Of course, if you find any problem while servicing your motorcycle, be sure
it is corrected as soon as possible.
Miles (km) or
Months
600 (1,000) or 6
1,200 (2,000) or 12
1,800 (3,000) or 18
2,400 (4,000) or 24
3,000 (5,000) or 30
3,600 (6,000) or 36
4,200 (7,000) or 42
4,800 (8,000) or 48
5,400 (9,000) or 54
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
51
10/07/27 17:39:38 31KSJ660 0061 Maintenance Component Locations
clutch lever
front brake lever
throttle grip
fuel fill cap
52
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:39:43 31KSJ660 0062 Maintenance Component Locations
throttle stop screw
(engine idle speed)
engine oil fill cap/dipstick
spark plug
spark arrester
clutch
adjuster
engine oil
drain bolt
(under engine)
rear brake
pedal
Servicing Your Honda
53
10/07/27 17:39:47 31KSJ660 0063 Maintenance Component Locations
air cleaner
choke lever
drive chain
54
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:39:51 31KSJ660 0064 Tools
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
The nipple wrench is delivered with your
motorcycle.
You will need to provide your own tools to
perform any owner maintenance other than
tightening or loosening the spokes (USA only).
(1)
(1) nipple wrench
Servicing Your Honda
55
10/07/27 17:39:59 31KSJ660 0065 Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
LEFT SIDE
(3)
Removal
1. Remove the bolt ( 1 ) securing the side cover.
2. Pull both side cover prongs ( 2 ) out of the
rubber grommets ( 3 ).
Installation
1. Slide the top of the side cover under the
bottom edge of the seat.
2. Align the side cover prongs with the rubber
grommets. Press the side cover into position.
3. Install the securing bolt and tighten it.
(2)
(1) bolt
(2) prongs
(3) rubber grommets
56
Servicing Your Honda
(1)
10/07/27 17:40:07 31KSJ660 0066 Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Fuel Recommendation
Type
Pump Octane
Number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
Your engine is designed to use any unleaded
gasoline that has a pump octane number of 86
or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations
normally display the pump octane number. For
information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see
page 140 .
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady
engine speed under normal load, change brands
of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists,
consult your dealer.
Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda. If you
ride your Honda in a country where leaded fuel
might be available, take precautions to use only
unleaded fuel.
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an
oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust,
or water in the fuel tank.
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
louder rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead
to engine damage. (Light pinging experienced
while operating under a heavy load, such as
climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.)
Servicing Your Honda
57
10/07/27 17:40:16 31KSJ660 0067 Fuel
1. To open the fuel fill cap ( 1 ), pull the
breather tube ( 2 ) away from the front
number plate ( 3 ). Turn the fuel fill cap
counterclockwise and remove it.
2. Add fuel until the level reaches the bottom
of the filler neck ( 4 ). Avoid overfilling the
tank. There should be no fuel in the filler
neck.
Refueling Procedure
Fuel Tank Capacity, including reserve:
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
Reserve Capacity:
0.18 US gal (0.7 )
(4)
(3)
(2)
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
(1)
(1) fuel fill cap
(2) breather tube
58
(3) front number plate
(4) filler neck
Servicing Your Honda
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
10/07/27 17:40:21 31KSJ660 0068 Fuel
3. After refueling, turn the fuel fill cap
clockwise until it is secure.
4. Check that the breather tube is properly
seated in the front number plate.
If you replace the fuel fill cap, use only a
Honda Genuine replacement part.
Servicing Your Honda
59
10/07/27 17:40:30 31KSJ660 0069 Engine Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Oil Recommendation
Using the proper oil, and regularly checking,
adding, and changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits
held in the engine. Operating the engine with
old or dirty oil can damage your engine.
Running the engine with insufficient oil can
cause serious damage to the engine and
transmission.
60
Servicing Your Honda
API classification
viscosity (weight)
JASO T 903 standard
suggested oil**
SG or higher except
oils labeled as
energy conserving
on the circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30*
MA
Pro Honda GN4
4-stroke oil (USA &
Canada), or Honda
4-stroke oil (Canada
only), or an
equivalent
motorcycle oil
10/07/27 17:40:40 31KSJ660 0070 Engine Oil
*
For normal air temperatures. See next page
for additional temperature/viscosity
information.
**
Suggested oils are equal in performance to
SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label.
Your motorcycle does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may adversely
affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying
a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service
label on the container. They may affect
lubrication and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
61
10/07/27 17:40:46 31KSJ660 0071 Engine Oil
Other viscosities shown in the following chart
may be used when the average temperature in
your riding area is within the indicated range.
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on the
oil container. For example, the following label
shows the MA classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company of the oil
(2) oil classification
62
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:40:58 31KSJ660 0072 Engine Oil
Checking & Adding Oil
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil fill cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
3. Start the engine and let it idle for 3-5
minutes. Stop the engine. Wait 2-3 minutes.
4. Unscrew and remove the oil fill cap/dipstick.
Wipe it clean.
5. Hold the motorcycle upright.
6. Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick until it seats,
but do not screw it in.
7. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick and check
the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level mark
( 2 ), you do not have to add oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower level
mark ( 3 ), add the recommended oil until
it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not
overfill.)
8. Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick and screw it in
tightly.
9. Check for oil leaks.
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Clean around the oil fill cap/dipstick ( 1 ) and
nearby surfaces.
Servicing Your Honda
63
10/07/27 17:41:08 31KSJ660 0073 Engine Oil
1. If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for
3-5 minutes. Turn the engine off. Wait 2-3
minutes for the oil to settle.
2. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
3. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick.
4. Place a drain pan under the crankcase.
5. Unscrew and remove the oil drain bolt ( 1 ).
6. After most of the oil is drained, gently tilt
the motorcycle from side to side to drain the
remaining oil.
7. Pour the drained oil into a suitable container
and dispose of it in an approved manner
(page 117 ).
Changing Engine Oil
UNDER
(2)
(1)
(1) oil drain bolt
(2) sealing washer
64
Servicing Your Honda
Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul
to the environment.
10/07/27 17:41:16 31KSJ660 0074 Engine Oil
8. Remove the old sealing washer ( 2 ) and
install a new sealing washer on the drain bolt.
9. Install the oil drain bolt and tighten to the
specified torque:
18 lbf·ft (24 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
10.Pour the recommended oil into the crankcase,
approximately:
1.0 US qt (0.9 )
11.Install the oil fill cap/dipstick securely.
12.Start the engine. Let it idle 3-5 minutes, then
turn it off.
13.With the motorcycle held upright on level
ground, check the oil level.
If needed, add oil (page 63 ) until it reaches
the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
14.Check for oil leaks.
Servicing Your Honda
65
10/07/27 17:41:23 31KSJ660 0075 Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Proper air cleaner maintenance is very
important for off-road vehicles. A dirty, watersoaked, worn-out, or defective air cleaner will
allow dirt, dust, mud, and other impurities to
pass into the engine.
Service the air cleaner more frequently if you
ride in unusually wet or dusty areas. Your
dealer can help you determine the correct
service interval for your riding conditions.
Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific
performance requirements. Use a new Honda
Genuine air cleaner specified for your model or
an air cleaner of equal quality.
66
Servicing Your Honda
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine wear.
Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent
premature engine wear or damage, expensive
repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage,
and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and
premature engine wear.
10/07/27 17:41:34 31KSJ660 0076 Air Cleaner
Cleaning
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3)
(1) rubber band
(2) hook
(3) air cleaner housing cover
(2)
(4)
(5)
(4) retainer
(5) air cleaner
1. Remove the left side cover (page 56 ).
2. Remove the rubber band ( 1 ) from the hook
( 2 ) and remove the air cleaner housing cover
( 3 ).
3. Unhook the retainer ( 4 ) and remove the air
cleaner assembly ( 5 ).
4. Remove the air cleaner from its support.
Wipe the support clean.
5. Gently wash the air cleaner in clean, nonflammable (high flash point) solvent such as
kerosene−not gasoline. After cleaning,
gently squeeze out the remaining solvent.
Avoid twisting or wringing the air cleaner.
This can tear the foam.
6. Inspect for tears or cracks in the foam or
seams of the air cleaner. Replace the air
cleaner if it is damaged.
7. Allow the air cleaner to dry thoroughly
before applying oil. A wet air cleaner will
not fully absorb the oil.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
67
10/07/27 17:41:42 31KSJ660 0077 Air Cleaner
8. Pour clean Pro Honda Foam Filter Oil or an
equivalent (Canada: Honda Foam Filter Oil
or an equivalent) over the entire surface of
the air cleaner. Use both hands to evenly
spread the oil into the air cleaner. Gently
squeeze out any excess oil. (To keep your
hands dry, place the air cleaner in a clean
plastic bag before spreading the oil into the
air cleaner.)
9. Attach the air cleaner to its support.
10. Clean the inside of the air cleaner housing.
11. Apply a thin coat of grease to the sealing
surface of the air cleaner assembly.
12. Install the air cleaner assembly.
13. Install the air cleaner housing cover.
68
Servicing Your Honda
14. Install the left side cover (page 56 ).
10/07/27 17:41:54 31KSJ660 0078 Throttle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Inspection
Check freeplay ( 1 ).
Freeplay: 1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
Throttle Freeplay
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(1) freeplay
(4)
(2)
(+)
(3)
(−)
(2) rubber dust cover
(3) lock nut
(4) adjuster
Adjustment
1. Pull the rubber dust cover ( 2 ) back.
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 3 ) on the throttle cable
mechanism.
3. Turn the adjuster ( 4 ).
4. Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust cover
to its normal position.
5. After adjustment, check for smooth rotation
of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully
open in all steering positions.
If you can’t get the freeplay within the
specified range, contact your dealer.
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
Servicing Your Honda
69
10/07/27 17:42:02 31KSJ660 0079 Throttle
Throttle Inspection
(2)
(1)
(1) throttle
(2) throttle cable
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing bolts
are tight.
70
Servicing Your Honda
2. Check for smooth rotation of the throttle ( 1 )
from fully open to fully closed in all steering
positions. If there is a problem, see your
dealer.
3. Inspect the condition of the throttle cable ( 2 )
from the throttle grip down to the carburetor.
If the cable is kinked or chafed, have it
replaced.
4. Check the cable for tension or stress in all
steering positions.
5. Lubricate the cables with a commercially
available cable lubricant to prevent
premature rust and corrosion.
10/07/27 17:42:14 31KSJ660 0080 Clutch System
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Clutch Freeplay
LEFT SIDE
Upper Adjustment
Minor adjustments are generally made with the
upper clutch cable adjuster.
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(1)
(3)
(−)
(2)
(+)
(1) clutch lever
Inspection
Check freeplay.
Freeplay: 3/8−13/16 in (10−20 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
Improper freeplay adjustment can cause
premature clutch wear.
(2) rubber dust cover
(+) increase freeplay
(3) upper lock nut
(−) decrease freeplay
(4) upper clutch cable adjuster
1. Pull the rubber dust cover ( 2 ) back.
2. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 3 ).
3. Turn the upper clutch cable adjuster ( 4 ) to
obtain the specified freeplay.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
71
10/07/27 17:42:23 31KSJ660 0081 Clutch System
4. Tighten the lock nut and check the freeplay
again.
Lower Adjustment
The lower clutch cable adjuster is used if the
upper clutch cable adjuster is threaded out near
its limit, or the correct freeplay cannot be
obtained.
RIGHT SIDE
(6)
(+)
(−)
(5)
(5) lower adjusting nut
(6) lower lock nut
72
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
Servicing Your Honda
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 3 ) and turn the
upper clutch cable adjuster ( 4 ) all the way in
(to provide maximum freeplay).
2. Tighten the upper lock nut and pull the dust
cover ( 2 ) back to its normal position.
3. Hold the lower adjusting nut ( 5 ) and loosen
the lower lock nut ( 6 ) at the lower end of the
cable.
4. Turn the lower adjusting nut to obtain the
specified freeplay.
5. Hold the lower adjusting nut and tighten the
lower lock nut. Check the adjustment.
10/07/27 17:42:33 31KSJ660 0082 Clutch System
Clutch Adjuster (on clutch housing)
Major adjustments can be made with the clutch
adjuster on the clutch housing.
RIGHT SIDE
(7)
(8)
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 3 ) and turn the
upper clutch cable adjuster ( 4 ) all the way in
(to provide maximum freeplay).
2. Loosen the clutch lock nut ( 7 ) and turn the
clutch adjuster ( 8 ) counterclockwise until a
slight resistance is felt.
3. Turn the clutch adjuster back in clockwise
1/8 to 1/4 turn and tighten the clutch lock nut.
4. Readjust the lower cable adjuster for proper
freeplay, using the lower lock nut ( 6 ) and
lower adjusting nut ( 5 ).
5. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and
shift into gear. Make sure the engine does
not stall and the motorcycle does not creep.
Gradually release the clutch lever and open
the throttle. Your motorcycle should move
smoothly and accelerate gradually.
(7) clutch lock nut
(8) clutch adjuster
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
73
10/07/27 17:42:39 31KSJ660 0083 Clutch System
If you can’t get proper adjustment, or the clutch
does not work properly, the cable may be
kinked or worn, or the clutch discs may be
worn. See your dealer or refer to the official
Honda Service Manual (page 144 ).
74
Servicing Your Honda
Other Inspections & Lubrication
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing bolts
are tight.
Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of
wear. If necessary, have it replaced.
Lubricate the clutch cable with a
commercially available cable lubricant to
prevent premature wear and corrosion.
10/07/27 17:42:47 31KSJ660 0084 Engine Idle Speed
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
RIGHT SIDE
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed adjustment.
Ten minutes of stop-and-go riding is sufficient.
Do not attempt to compensate for faults in
other systems by adjusting idle speed. See your
dealer for regularly scheduled carburetor
adjustments.
(−)
1. Warm up the engine, shift to neutral and
place the motorcycle on its stand.
2. Connect a tachometer, following the
tachometer manufacturer’s instructions.
3. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop screw
( 1 ).
Idle Speed: 1,400 ± 100 rpm
(+)
(1)
(1) throttle stop screw
(+) increase rpm
(−) decrease rpm
Servicing Your Honda
75
10/07/27 17:42:57 31KSJ660 0085 Spark Plug
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Use only the recommended type of spark plugs
in the recommended heat range.
Spark Plug Recommendation
The recommended standard spark plug is
satisfactory for most riding conditions.
However, if you plan to ride for extended
periods at high speeds or near maximum power
(high engine rpm) in hot climates, or plan
extended riding in cold climates, a different
plug may be recommended.
Standard
For cold climate
(below 5°C, 41°F)
For extended high
speed riding
76
CR7HSA (NGK) or
U22FSR-U (DENSO)
CR6HSA (NGK) or
U20FSR-U (DENSO)
CR8HSA (NGK) or
U24FSR-U (DENSO)
Servicing Your Honda
Using spark plugs with an improper heat range
can cause engine damage.
(2)
(3)
(1)
(1) center electrode
(2) side electrode
(3) spark plug gap
10/07/27 17:43:10 31KSJ660 0086 Spark Plug
1. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug
base.
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap.
3. Remove the spark plug with a plug wrench.
4. Inspect the spark plug electrodes for wear.
The center electrode ( 1 ) should have square
edges. The side electrode ( 2 ) should not be
eroded. The insulator should not be cracked
or chipped.
5. Check the spark plug gap ( 3 ), using a wiretype feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary,
bend the side electrode carefully. The gap
should be:
0.024−0.028 in (0.60−0.70 mm)
Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
If you have to install a new plug, first check
the gap.
6. With the plug washer attached, thread the
spark plug in by hand (to prevent crossthreading).
7. Tighten the spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to
prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK:
1 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 3/4 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
An improperly tightened spark plug can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a
piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight,
the threads may be damaged.
8. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care to
avoid pinching any cables or wires.
Servicing Your Honda
77
10/07/27 17:43:17 31KSJ660 0087 Spark Arrester
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
RIGHT REAR
(3)
(4)
The spark arrester must be serviced every 100
operating hours to maintain its efficiency.
(1)
Regular servicing prevents carbon buildup
(which can diminish engine performance) and
also complies with USDA regulations for
regular maintenance to assure proper function.
The spark arrester prevents random sparks
from the combustion process in your engine
from reaching the environment.
(2)
(1) bolts
(2) spark arrester
(3) gasket
(4) muffler
1. Allow the engine and muffler to cool.
2. Remove the bolts ( 1 ), the spark arrester ( 2 ),
and the gasket ( 3 ) from the muffler ( 4 ).
78
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:43:23 31KSJ660 0088 Spark Arrester
3. Use a brush to remove carbon deposits from
the spark arrester screen ( 5 ). Be careful to
avoid damaging the spark arrester screen.
The spark arrester must be free of breaks and
holes. Replace, if necessary. Check the
gasket. Replace, if necessary.
4. Install the spark arrester and the gasket in the
muffler and tighten the bolts securely.
(5)
(5) spark arrester screen
Servicing Your Honda
79
10/07/27 17:43:30 31KSJ660 0089 Suspension
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Front Suspension Inspection
Loose, worn, or damaged suspension
components may adversely affect the handling
and stability of your motorcycle. If any
suspension components appear worn or
damaged, see your dealer for further inspection.
Your dealer is qualified to determine whether
or not replacement parts or repairs are needed.
(1)
(1)
(1) mounting bolts
1. Check fork operation. Pull the front brake
lever in, to lock the brake. Then pump up
and down on the fork legs several times. The
suspension should function smoothly. There
should be no oil leakage.
80
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:43:37 31KSJ660 0090 Suspension
2. Check the security of all handlebar and fork
mounting bolts ( 1 ). If any front suspension
components appear worn or damaged, see
your dealer for further inspection.
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(1)
Rear Suspension Inspection
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3)
(1) swingarm bushing
(2) shock absorber attachment points
(3) suspension linkage attachment points
1. Place the motorcycle on a maintenance stand.
Push hard against the side of the rear wheel
and feel for any freeplay which indicates
worn swingarm bushings ( 1 ).
(1) swingarm bushing
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
81
10/07/27 17:43:41 31KSJ660 0091 Suspension
2. Check that the fasteners for the shock
absorber attachment points ( 2 ) and rear
suspension linkage attachment points ( 3 ) are
secure.
3. Check for oil leaks in the shock absorber. If
any rear suspension components appear
worn or damaged, see your dealer for further
inspection.
82
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:43:55 31KSJ660 0092 Brakes
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Adjust the freeplay of the brake lever with the
front wheel pointed straight ahead.
Front Brake Lever Freeplay
Inspection
Check freeplay by pulling in slowly on the
front brake lever ( 1 ) until the brake starts to
engage.
Freeplay: 13/16−1 3/16 in (20−30 mm)
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
(1) front brake lever
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(+)
(3)
(−)
(4)
(2) rubber dust cover
(+) increase freeplay
(3) lock nut
(−) decrease freeplay
(4) front brake cable adjuster
Upper Adjustment
1. Pull the rubber dust cover ( 2 ) back.
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 3 ) and turn the front
brake cable adjuster ( 4 ).
3. Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust cover
to its normal position.
4. Apply the brake, release it, then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat
this procedure several times.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
83
10/07/27 17:44:04 31KSJ660 0093 Brakes
5. Check the freeplay.
If the cable adjuster is threaded out near its
limit or if the correct f reeplay cannot be
obtained using the cable adjuster:
LEFT FRONT
(5)
Lower Adjustment
1. Loosen the lock nut and turn the cable
adjuster all the way in.
2. Tighten the lock nut and return the rubber
dust cover to its normal position.
3. Loosen the front brake cable guide bolt ( 5 ).
4. At the lower end of the cable, loosen the
lower lock nut ( 6 ). Turn the lower adjusting
nut ( 7 ) to obtain the specified freeplay.
Tighten the lower lock nut.
LEFT FRONT
(6)
(7)
(+)
(−)
(5) cable guide bolt
(6) lower lock nut
(7) lower adjusting nut
84
Servicing Your Honda
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
10/07/27 17:44:15 31KSJ660 0094 Brakes
5. Tighten the front brake cable guide bolt.
6. Apply the brake, release it, then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat
this procedure several times.
7. Check the freeplay. If you cannot adjust the
freeplay properly, see your dealer.
Rear Brake Pedal Freeplay
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
After adjustment, push the brake arm ( 8 ) to
confirm that there is proper freeplay.
(1) rear brake pedal
(8)
(8) brake arm
Inspection
1. Place your motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Check freeplay by slowly depressing the
brake pedal ( 1 ) until the brake starts to
engage.
Freeplay: 13/16−1 3/16 in (20−30 mm)
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of the
brake lever.
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
85
10/07/27 17:44:25 31KSJ660 0095 Brakes
Adjustment
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat
this procedure several times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust the
freeplay properly, see your dealer.
RIGHT REAR
(2)
(−)
(3)
After adjustment, push the brake arm ( 4 ) to
confirm that there is a gap between the
adjusting nut ( 2 ) and the brake arm pin ( 3 ).
(4)
(+)
(2) adjusting nut
(3) brake arm pin
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
(2)
(3)
1. Adjust by turning the rear brake adjusting
nut ( 2 ) a half-turn at a time. Make sure the
cut-out on the adjusting nut is seated on the
brake arm pin ( 3 ).
(2) adjusting nut
(3) brake arm pin
(4) brake arm
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of the
brake pedal.
86
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:44:33 31KSJ660 0096 Brakes
RIGHT REAR
Brake Shoe Wear
The front and rear brakes are equipped with
external brake wear indicators that let you
check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the brake control (lever or
pedal) causes the arrow on the brake arm to
move toward a reference mark on the brake
panel.
LEFT FRONT
(4)
(2)
(3)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
1. Place your motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Apply the brake control (lever or pedal) and
check the movement of the arrow ( 1 ) on the
brake arm ( 2 ). Replace the brake shoes if the
arrow aligns with the reference mark ( 3 ) on
the brake panel ( 4 ) upon full application of
the brake. If replacement is necessary, see
your dealer.
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
Servicing Your Honda
87
10/07/27 17:44:43 31KSJ660 0097 Brakes
Other Inspections & Lubrication
Check that the front lever and rear pedal
assemblies are positioned properly and the
securing bolts are tight.
Check the front brake cable for kinks or
signs of wear that could cause sticking or
failure.
Lubricate the front brake cable with a
commercially available cable lubricant to
prevent premature wear and corrosion.
Front: Make sure the brake arm, spring, and
fasteners are in good condition.
Rear: Make sure the brake rod, brake arm,
spring, and fasteners are in good condition.
88
Servicing Your Honda
Rear Brake Pedal Height Adjustment
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(1)
(1) lock nut
(2) stopper bolt
1. Loosen the lock nut ( 1 ) and turn the stopper
bolt ( 2 ).
2. Tighten the lock nut.
3. Check the freeplay (page 85 ).
10/07/27 17:44:51 31KSJ660 0098 Wheels
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Wheel Rims & Spokes
Keeping the wheels true (round) and
maintaining correct spoke tension is critical to
safe motorcycle operation. During the first 100
miles (150 km), spokes will loosen more
rapidly due to the initial seating of the parts.
Excessively loose spokes may result in
instability at high speeds and the possible loss
of control. It’s also important that the rim locks
are secure to prevent tire slippage.
It is not necessary to remove the wheels to
perform the recommended service in the
Maintenance Schedule. However, information
for wheel removal is provided for emergency
situations.
REAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) wheel rim
(2) spoke
(3) rim lock
1. Inspect the wheel rims ( 1 ) and spokes ( 2 )
for damage.
2. Tighten any loose spokes or rim locks ( 3 ).
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
89
10/07/27 17:45:00 31KSJ660 0099 Wheels
3. Rotate the wheel slowly to see if it appears
to ‘‘wobble.’’ If it does, the rim is out of
round or not ‘‘true.’’ If the wobble is
noticeable, see your dealer for inspection.
Front Wheel Removal
(2)
(1)
(6)
(5)
(3)
(4)
(1) cable guide bolt
(2) front brake cable
(3) brake arm
90
(4) front axle nut
(5) lug
(6) slot
Servicing Your Honda
Removal
1. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
placing a maintenance stand or support block
under the engine. Secure the rear of the
motorcycle with tie-down straps.
2. Loosen the cable guide bolt ( 1 ) on the fork
leg.
3. Disconnect the front brake cable ( 2 ) from
the brake arm ( 3 ).
4. Remove the front axle nut ( 4 ) and front axle
shaft.
5. Remove the wheel.
6. Pull the brake assembly out carefully.
Take care to prevent getting grease, oil, or dirt
on the brake shoe surfaces. This can cause poor
brake performance or rapid brake shoe wear
after reassembly.
10/07/27 17:45:07 31KSJ660 0100 Wheels
Installation
1. Reverse the removal procedure. Make sure
the lug ( 5 ) on the fork leg is located in the
slot ( 6 ) in the brake panel.
2. Torque the front axle shaft to:
46 lbf·ft (62 N·m , 6.3 kgf·m)
3. Check front brake adjustment (page 83 ).
If a torque wrench was not used to install the
wheel, see your dealer as soon as possible to
verify proper assembly. Improper assembly
may lead to loss of braking capacity.
Servicing Your Honda
91
10/07/27 17:45:17 31KSJ660 0101 Wheels
Rear Wheel Removal
LEFT REAR
RIGHT REAR
(5)
(1)
(3)
(4)
(4)
(1) adjuster
(2) brake rod
(3) brake arm
92
(6)
(4) adjusting nuts
(5) rear axle nut
(6) rear axle shaft
Servicing Your Honda
(2)
Removal
1. Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
placing a maintenance stand or support block
under the engine. Secure the front of the
motorcycle with tie-down straps.
2. Unscrew the rear brake adjuster ( 1 ). Press
the rear brake pedal and disconnect the brake
rod ( 2 ) from the brake arm ( 3 ).
3. Loosen the adjusting nut ( 4 ) on the chain
adjuster on both sides.
4. Unscrew the rear axle nut ( 5 ). Pull the rear
axle shaft ( 6 ) out. Push the wheel forward
and derail the drive chain from the rear
sprocket. Remove the wheel.
Take care to prevent getting grease, oil, or
dirt on the brake shoe surfaces. This can
cause poor brake performance or rapid brake
shoe wear after reassembly.
10/07/27 17:45:26 31KSJ660 0102 Wheels
RIGHT REAR
(7)
(9)
(8)
(7) lug
(8) slot
(9) brake panel
Installation
1. Reverse the removal procedure. Make sure
the lug ( 7 ) on the swingarm is located in the
slot ( 8 ) in the brake panel ( 9 ). Check that
the chain adjusters are installed properly.
2. Adjust the drive chain (page 102 ).
3. Torque the rear axle shaft nut to:
46 lbf·ft (62 N·m , 6.3 kgf·m)
4. Adjust the rear brake (page 86 ).
5. Apply the rear brake, release it, then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat
this procedure several times.
If a torque wrench was not used to install the
wheel, see your dealer as soon as possible to
verify proper assembly. Improper assembly
may lead to loss of braking capacity.
Servicing Your Honda
93
10/07/27 17:45:32 31KSJ660 0103 Tires & Tubes
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
To safely operate your motorcycle, the tires
must be the proper type (off-road) and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated.
Using tires that are excessively worn
or improperly inflated can cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this owner’s
manual regarding tire inflation and
maintenance.
and our recommendations on tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and riding
comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear
unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are
more likely to fail from being overheated.
Underinflated tires can also cause wheel
damage in rocky terrain. Overinflated tires
make your motorcycle ride harshly, are more
prone to damage from surface hazards, and
wear unevenly.
Make sure the valve stem caps are secure. If
necessary, install new caps.
The following pages give detailed information
on how and when to check your air pressure,
how to inspect your tires for wear and damage,
94
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:45:40 31KSJ660 0104 Tires & Tubes
Always check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘cold.’’ If you check air pressure when your
tires are ‘‘warm’’−even if your motorcycle
has only been ridden for a few miles−the
readings will be higher. If you let air out of
warm tires to match the recommended cold
pressures, the tires will be underinflated.
The correct ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are:
Front
Rear
15 psi (100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
15 psi (100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
Inspection
A flat tire or blowout is inconvenient and may
even cause an accident. Take time to inspect
your tires and wheels before you ride. For more
information about handling flat tires, see
page 122 .
(1)
If you decide to adjust tire pressures for a
particular riding condition, make changes a
little at a time.
(1) tread depth
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
95
10/07/27 17:45:49 31KSJ660 0105 Tires & Tubes
Inspect carefully for bumps or bulges in the
side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire
that has a bump or bulge.
Look closely for cuts, slits, or cracks in the
tires. Replace a tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Check for rocks or other objects embedded
in the tire or tread. Remove any objects.
Measure tread depth ( 1 ). Replace the tire
before depth at the center reaches 0.12 in
(3 mm), or any time you notice a reduction
in traction.
Check the position of both valve stems. A
tilted valve stem indicates the tube is
slipping inside the tire or the tire is slipping
on the rim. See your dealer.
96
Servicing Your Honda
Tube Replacement
If a tube is punctured or damaged, you should
replace it as soon as possible. A repaired tube
may not have the same reliability as a new one,
and it may fail while you are riding. For
information on making a temporary repair, see
page 122 .
Use a replacement tube equivalent to the
original.
We recommend that tubes be replaced by your
dealer. Replacing a tube requires removing and
reinstalling the wheel. Any time a tube is
replaced, carefully inspect the tire as described
on page 95 .
10/07/27 17:45:57 31KSJ660 0106 Tires & Tubes
Tire Replacement
The tires that came on your motorcycle were
designed to provide a good combination of
handling, braking, durability, and comfort
across a broad range of riding conditions.
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Front
Rear
Type
70/100-19M/C 42M
90/100-16M/C 51M
bias-ply, tube
Use a replacement tire equivalent to the
original.
Replace the tube any time you replace a tire.
The old tube will probably be stretched and,
if installed in a new tire, could fail.
Have the wheel balanced after a new tire is
installed.
We recommend that tires be replaced by
your dealer.
Always use the size and type of tires
recommended in this owner’s manual.
Servicing Your Honda
97
10/07/27 17:46:03 31KSJ660 0107 Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
LEFT SIDE
1. Check the side stand spring ( 1 ) for damage
and loss of tension.
2. Check the side stand assembly for freedom
of movement.
If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the
pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with
clean engine oil.
(1)
(1) side stand spring
98
Servicing Your Honda
10/07/27 17:46:13 31KSJ660 0108 Drive Chain
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
Inspection
The service life of the chain depends on proper
lubrication and adjustment. Poor maintenance
can cause premature wear or damage to the
drive chain or sprockets.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
Under severe usage, or when the motorcycle is
ridden in unusually dusty or muddy areas, more
frequent maintenance will be necessary.
Before servicing your drive chain, turn the
engine OFF, lower the side stand, and check
that your transmission is in neutral.
(1) drive chain
It is not necessary to remove or replace the
drive chain to perform the recommended
service in the Maintenance Schedule.
1. Check slack in the lower drive chain ( 1 ) run
midway between the sprockets. Drive chain
slack should allow the following vertical
movement by hand:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
99
10/07/27 17:46:21 31KSJ660 0109 Drive Chain
2. Check drive chain slack at several points
along the chain. The slack should remain
constant. If it isn’t, some links may be
kinked and binding. Lubricating the chain
will often eliminate binding and kinking.
Excessive chain slack may allow the drive
chain to damage the engine cases.
3. Inspect the drive chain for:
damaged rollers
loose pins
dry or rusted links
kinked or binding links
excessive wear
Replace the drive chain (page 104 ) if it has
damaged rollers, loose pins, or kinks that
cannot be freed. Lubricate the drive chain
(page 103 ) if it appears dry or shows signs
of rust. Lubricate any kinked or binding
100 Servicing Your Honda
links and work them free. Adjust chain slack
if needed.
4. Check the chain slider ( 2 ) for wear. If the
depth of the groove in the slider exceeds the
depth limit, have your dealer replace the
chain slider.
Chain slider depth limit:
0.2 in (6 mm)
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(2) chain slider
10/07/27 17:46:27 31KSJ660 0110 Drive Chain
5. Replace the drive chain if chain slack is
excessive when the rear axle is moved to the
farthest limit of adjustment. Excessive slack
indicates the chain is worn beyond its service
limit.
To check the chain’s service limit, remove
the drive chain (page 104 ). Then measure
the distance between a span of 117 pins,
from pin center to pin center. If the distance
exceeds the service limit, the drive chain is
worn out and should be replaced.
Measure a span of 117 pins
New Chain:
Service Limit:
58.5 in (1,486 mm)
59.7 in (1,516 mm)
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
101
10/07/27 17:46:35 31KSJ660 0111 Drive Chain
6. Inspect the front and rear sprocket teeth for
excessive wear or damage. If necessary, have
your dealer replace a worn sprocket.
Adjustment
LEFT SIDE
Damaged Sprocket
Teeth
Worn Sprocket
Teeth
REPLACE
(4)
REPLACE
(1)
(3)
Normal Sprocket Teeth
GOOD
Use of a new chain with worn sprockets will
cause rapid chain wear.
102 Servicing Your Honda
(1) rear axle nut
(2) adjusting nut
(3) adjuster index mark
(4) graduated scale
(2)
1. Loosen the rear axle nut ( 1 ).
2. Turn the adjusting nuts ( 2 ) on the right and
left chain adjusters an equal number of turns
to increase or decrease chain slack.
10/07/27 17:46:44 31KSJ660 0112 Drive Chain
3. Align the chain adjuster index marks ( 3 )
with the graduated scales ( 4 ) on both sides
of the swingarm.
4. Torque the rear axle nut to:
46 lbf·ft (62 N·m , 6.3 kgf·m)
Lubrication
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your dealer as soon as possible
to verify proper assembly.
5. Recheck drive chain slack.
6. Check rear brake pedal freeplay and adjust
as necessary (page 85 ). Freeplay is affected
when repositioning the rear wheel to adjust
drive chain slack.
Lubricate every 300 miles (500 km) or sooner
if chain appears dry.
Turn the rear wheel by hand. Saturate each
chain link joint so that the lubricant penetrates
between the link plates, pins, bushings, and
rollers.
Servicing Your Honda
103
10/07/27 17:46:50 31KSJ660 0113 Drive Chain
Removal, Cleaning & Replacement
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) master link retaining clip
104 Servicing Your Honda
When the drive chain becomes extremely dirty,
it should be removed and cleaned prior to
lubrication.
1. Remove the master link retaining clip ( 1 )
with pliers. Do not bend or twist the clip.
Remove the master link. Remove the drive
chain.
2. Clean the drive chain with a non-flammable
(high flash point) solvent such as kerosene−
not gasoline−and allow it to dry.
3. Inspect the drive chain for possible wear or
damage. Replace the drive chain if it has
damaged rollers, loose fitting links, or
otherwise appears unserviceable.
10/07/27 17:46:57 31KSJ660 0114 Drive Chain
4. Inspect the sprocket teeth for wear or
damage. We recommend replacing the
sprocket whenever a new chain is installed.
5. Lubricate the drive chain.
6. Pass the chain over the sprockets and join the
ends of the chain with the master link. For
ease of assembly, hold the chain ends against
adjacent rear sprocket teeth while inserting
the master link. Install the master link
retaining clip so that the closed end of the
retaining clip will face the direction of
forward wheel rotation.
More About: Drive Chain
The master link is the most critical element
of drive chain security. Master links are
reusable, as long as they remain in excellent
condition. We recommend installing a new
master link retaining clip when the drive
chain is reassembled.
You may find it easier to install a new chain
by connecting it to the old chain with a
master link and pulling the old chain to
position the new chain on the sprockets.
Servicing Your Honda
105
10/07/27 17:47:04 31KSJ660 0115 Appearance Care
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 45 .
General Recommendations
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your
Honda looking newer longer. Frequent
cleaning also identifies you as an owner who
values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is
also easier to inspect and service.
While you’re cleaning, be sure to look for
damage, wear, and gasoline or oil leaks.
106 Servicing Your Honda
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/degreaser
and water
Avoid products that contain harsh detergents
or chemical solvents that could damage the
metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
10/07/27 17:47:16 31KSJ660 0116 Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden hose to
wash your motorcycle. High pressure
washers (like those at coin-operated car
washes) can damage certain parts of your
motorcycle. If you use a high pressure
washer, avoid spraying the following areas:
wheel hubs
muffler outlet
area under seat
engine stop button
under fuel tank
drive chain
carburetor
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
Washing Your Motorcycle with a Mild
Detergent
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild,
neutral detergent, such as dish washing
liquid or a product made especially for
washing motorcycles or automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy
grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/
degreaser to remove the grime.
4. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue.
5. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a
soft towel.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
107
10/07/27 17:47:22 31KSJ660 0117 Appearance Care
6. Lubricate the drive chain to prevent rusting.
7. Start the engine and let it idle for several
minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist
areas.
8. As a precaution, ride at a slow speed and
apply the brakes several times. This will help
dry the brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
108 Servicing Your Honda
Exhaust Pipe and Muffler Maintenance
When the exhaust pipe and muffler are painted,
do not use a commercially available abrasive
kitchen cleaning compound. Use a neutral
detergent to clean the painted surface on the
exhaust pipe and muffler. If you are not sure if
your exhaust pipe and muffler are painted,
contact your dealer.
10/07/27 17:47:28 31KSJ660 0118 Tips
Here’s helpful advice on how to prepare for an
off-road adventure, how to transport and store
your Honda, and how to be an environmentally
responsible motorcycle owner.
Preparing for a Ride ....................................
Transporting Your Honda ...........................
Storing Your Honda ....................................
You & the Environment..............................
Tips
110
112
114
117
109
10/07/27 17:47:36 31KSJ660 0119 Preparing for a Ride
A safe and enjoyable ride begins with good
planning and preparation. Always ride with at
least one other person in case you have trouble,
and let someone know where you’re going and
when you expect to return.
Before riding in an unfamiliar area, find out in
advance if you need special permits, get maps
so you can study the terrain, and talk to other
riders who know the area. The Forest Service
and the Bureau of Land Management (USA
only), the Ministry of Natural Resources
(Canada only), riding clubs, and off-road
magazines are good sources of information.
110 Tips
What to Take to the Riding Area
Along with your motorcycle and riding gear,
you should take along some tools and supplies
in case you have a problem. For some of the
difficulties you might encounter, see Taking
Care of the Unexpected, which begins on
page 119 .
We recommend that you always take water,
food, a first aid kit, and your owner’s manual.
Other items you should consider loading on
your truck or trailer include:
a tool kit
tire repair supplies and tools, tubes, and tires
extra parts, such as a drive chain and master
links, control levers, cables, and spark plugs
wire, duct tape, and rope
extra gasoline
10/07/27 17:47:41 31KSJ660 0120 Preparing for a Ride
For safety, all refueling should be done at a gas
station on the way to the riding area or at your
base camp.
If you decide to take some tools, spare parts, or
other supplies on the trail, be sure you can
carry them safely and know how to use them.
Also, be sure to follow the loading guidelines
and weight limit (page 9 ).
What to Take on the Trail
What you take with you during a ride depends
on the kind of terrain, how long you expect to
ride, how far you might go from your base
camp or help, and how experienced you or your
companions are in making repairs.
Tips
111
10/07/27 17:47:47 31KSJ660 0121 Transporting Your Honda
If you use a truck or motorcycle trailer to
transport your Honda, we recommend that you
follow these guidelines:
Use a loading ramp.
Make sure the fuel valve is off.
Secure the motorcycle in an upright position,
using motorcycle tie-down straps. Avoid
using rope, which can loosen and allow the
motorcycle to fall over.
To secure your motorcycle, brace the front
wheel against the front of the truck bed or
trailer rail. Attach the lower ends of two straps
to the tie-down hooks on your vehicle. Attach
the upper ends of the straps to the handlebar
(one on the right side, the other on the left),
close to the fork.
112 Tips
10/07/27 17:47:53 31KSJ660 0122 Transporting Your Honda
Check that the tie-down straps do not contact
any control cables or electrical wiring.
Tighten both straps until the front suspension is
compressed about half-way. Too much
pressure is unnecessary and could damage the
fork seals.
Use another tie-down strap to keep the rear of
the motorcycle from moving.
We recommend that you do not transport your
motorcycle on its side. This can damage the
motorcycle, and leaking gasoline could be a
hazard.
Tips
113
10/07/27 17:47:57 31KSJ660 0123 Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended period,
such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect
your motorcycle and correct any problem
before storing it. That way, needed repairs
won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get
your motorcycle running again.
114 Tips
For more information about storage, refer to
the Honda Winter Storage Guide, available
from your dealer (USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will reduce
the deterioration that can occur during storage.
10/07/27 17:48:05 31KSJ660 0124 Storing Your Honda
Preparation for Storage
1. Change the engine oil (page 64 ).
2. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap
is properly installed.
3. Check that the fuel valve is OFF.
4. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 117 ). If storage will
last longer than one month, carburetor
draining is important, to assure proper
performance after storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
115
10/07/27 17:48:14 31KSJ660 0125 Storing Your Honda
5. Wash and dry your motorcycle.
6. Lubricate the drive chain.
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 94 ).
8. Store your motorcycle in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight, with
a minimum of daily temperature variation.
9. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar nonbreathing, coated materials that restrict air
flow and allow heat and moisture to
accumulate.
116 Tips
Removal from Storage
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for more
than four months−change the engine oil
(page 64 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for more
than two months−drain and replace the fuel.
4. Lubricate the drive chain.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 27 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low speeds.
10/07/27 17:48:20 31KSJ660 0126 You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect
nature. When you show respect for the land,
wildlife, and other people, you also help
preserve the sport of off-road riding.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons
(CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s
protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following guidelines
for proper disposal.
Tread Lightly. Stay on existing roads and
trails, avoid surfaces that are easily damaged,
and ride only in areas approved for off-road
vehicles.
Keep the Noise Down. Loud motorcycles
can be offensive. Ride as quietly as possible,
don’t remove your spark arrester, and don’t
modify the muffler or any other part of your
air intake and exhaust systems. Such
modifications not only increase noise, they
also reduce engine performance and may be
illegal.
(cont’d)
Tips
117
10/07/27 17:48:24 31KSJ660 0127 You & the Environment
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and thoughtless
to put used engine oil in the trash, down a
drain, or on the ground. Used oil, gasoline,
and cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our
drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans.
Before changing your oil, make sure you
have the proper containers. Put oil and other
toxic wastes in separate sealed containers
and take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public works or
environmental services to find a recycling
center in your area and get instructions on
how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.
118 Tips
10/07/27 17:48:30 31KSJ660 0128 Taking Care of the Unexpected
With all the challenges you can encounter offroad, there’s a chance that sometime something
may go wrong. This section gives practical
advice to help you deal with a wide range of
problems. Take time to read this section before
you ride. Also review the tips in Preparing f or
a Ride (page 110 ).
General Guidelines......................................
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ..........
If You Have a Flat Tire...............................
If You Crash ...............................................
If You Lose Your Key ................................
If a Component Fails ..................................
Taking Care of the Unexpected
120
121
122
124
125
125
119
10/07/27 17:48:38 31KSJ660 0129 Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
If something goes wrong during a ride, the first
thing to do is stop as soon as you safely can.
Do not continue riding if you have a flat tire, or
you hear an unusual noise, or your motorcycle
just doesn’t feel right. If you continue riding,
you could cause more damage and endanger
your own safety.
After a stop, take time to assess the situation.
Carefully inspect your motorcycle to identify
the problem, then consider your options before
you decide what to do.
If a problem is relatively minor and you have
the tools, supplies, and skills to make a
permanent repair, you may be able to fix it on
the trail and continue riding. Or, you may be
able to make a temporary repair that allows you
to slowly ride back to your base where you can
make a permanent repair or get help.
When a problem is more serious−or you don’t
have the tools, supplies, experience, or time to
deal with it−you need to choose the safest way
to get yourself and your motorcycle back to
base. For example, if you are close enough,
you (or you and another person) might be able
to push it back.
Whatever the problem, the most important rules
are:
Always put personal safety first.
120 Taking Care of the Unexpected
10/07/27 17:48:46 31KSJ660 0130 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If the problem is relatively minor and you
have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a
temporary repair, be sure to have permanent
repairs made as soon as possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
The next area to check is the fuel system:
Make sure there is enough gas in the tank
and the fuel valve is at the ON or RESERVE
position.
Check the fuel fill cap vent tube to see if it is
pinched or obstructed.
Turn the fuel valve OFF, disconnect the fuel
line that goes from the fuel valve to the
carburetor, then momentarily turn the fuel
valve ON. If fuel does not flow out, there is
an obstruction in the fuel tank or the fuel
valve.
If the engine wasn’t making any unusual noises
before it quit running, and it feels normal when
you operate the kickstarter, you can probably
rule out a major mechanical problem.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
121
10/07/27 17:48:54 31KSJ660 0131 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If the fuel system appears to be okay, check the
ignition system (this requires a spark plug
wrench):
Check that the spark plug cap isn’t loose or
disconnected.
Disconnect the spark plug cap and remove
the spark plug. Connect the spark plug cap to
the spark plug and ground the threaded
portion of the spark plug on the cylinder
head.
Operate the kickstarter while you watch the
spark plug. If it sparks, the ignition system is
probably working. If there is no spark, install
a new spark plug, if you have one with you.
If there is still no spark, there is a problem in
the ignition system.
If you cannot identify or correct the problem,
you will have to push your motorcycle back to
your base or get some help.
122 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If You Have a Flat Tire
How you handle a flat tire on the trail depends
on how serious the tube or tire damage is, and
what tools and supplies you have with you.
If you have a slow leak or a minor puncture,
there are two ways to try making a temporary
repair:
Use an aerosol tire sealer to seal the puncture
and inflate the tube. (This can be done
without removing the tire or wheel.)
Use a tube patch kit to repair the puncture.
(This requires removing the tire.)
10/07/27 17:48:59 31KSJ660 0132 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If the leak is more serious, or a temporary
repair doesn’t hold, the tube must be replaced.
The tire will also need to be replaced if it is
damaged (page 97 ). Replacing a tube or tire
involves removing and re-installing the wheel
(pages 90 , 92 ).
If you are unable to repair a flat tire on the trail,
you will need to push the motorcycle back to
your base or send for help. We strongly
recommend that you do not try to ride with a
flat tire. The motorcycle will be hard to handle,
and if the tire comes off the rim, it may lock up
the wheel and cause you to crash.
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you can
crash and be seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary tire
repair, ride slowly and carefully until
the tire is permanently repaired or
replaced.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
123
10/07/27 17:49:05 31KSJ660 0133 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after a
crash. If you or anyone else has been injured,
take time to assess the severity of the injuries
and whether it is safe to continue riding. If you
cannot ride safely, send someone for help. Do
not ride if you will risk further injury.
If you decide that you are capable of riding
safely, first evaluate the condition of your
motorcycle. If the engine is still running, turn it
off and look it over carefully; inspect it for
fluid leaks, check the tightness of critical nuts
and bolts, and secure such parts as the
handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.
124 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If there is minor damage, or you are unsure
about possible damage but decide to try riding
the motorcycle back to your base, ride slowly
and cautiously.
Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not
immediately apparent. When you get home,
thoroughly check your motorcycle and correct
any problems you find. Also, be sure to have
your dealer check the frame and suspension
after any serious crash.
10/07/27 17:49:12 31KSJ660 0134 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If You Lose Your Key
If a Component Fails
Be sure to record your key number in the Quick
Ref erence section at the rear of the manual.
You’ll need this number to have a duplicate
key made.
The drive chain, master link, brake lever or
pedal, control cables, and other components
can be damaged as you ride in dense brush or
over rocky terrain. Making a trailside repair
depends on how serious the damage is and
what tools and supplies you have with you.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have one
made. If you don’t know your key number, call
the dealer where you purchased your Honda.
They may have it listed in their records. If they
don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the
nearest dealer. The dealer will probably have to
remove the ignition switch assembly to find the
key number so they can make a key for you.
If the drive chain comes off because the
master link clip gets knocked off, you may
be able to put the chain back on with a new
master link. However, if the chain breaks or
does other damage when it comes off, you
may not be able to make a trailside repair.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
125
10/07/27 17:49:16 31KSJ660 0135 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If any component of the front brake system
is damaged, you may be able to ride
carefully back to your base using the rear
brake for slowing or stopping.
If the clutch lever breaks, you may be able to
temporarily switch the front brake lever to
the clutch side, then ride carefully back to
base using the rear brake for slowing or
stopping.
If you damage a throttle cable or other
critical component, your motorcycle may be
unsafe to ride. Carefully assess the damage
and make any repairs that you can. But if
there is any doubt, it’s best to be
conservative and safe.
126 Taking Care of the Unexpected
10/07/27 17:49:23 31KSJ660 0136 Technical Information
This section contains dimensions, capacities,
and other technical data, plus information on
government requirements and how to break-in
your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification .................................
Specifications ..............................................
Break-in Guidelines ....................................
High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment ........
Emission Control Systems ..........................
Oxygenated Fuels .......................................
Technical Information
128
129
134
135
136
140
127
10/07/27 17:49:30 31KSJ660 0137 Vehicle Identification
LEFT SIDE
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial number are required
when you register your motorcycle. They may
also be required when ordering replacement
parts. You may record these numbers in the
Quick Ref erence section at the rear of the
manual.
(1)
(1) VIN
The VIN ( 1 ) is stamped on the left side of the
steering head.
LEFT SIDE
The engine number ( 2 ) is stamped on the left
side of the engine.
(2)
(2) engine number
128 Technical Information
10/07/27 17:49:40 31KSJ660 0138 Specifications
Dimensions
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Wheelbase
73.0 in (1,855 mm)
30.9 in (785 mm)
41.1 in (1,045 mm)
49.2 in (1,250 mm)
Fuel & Lubricants
Fuel tank capacity
Fuel tank reserve
Fuel
recommendation
Engine oil capacity
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
including reserve
0.18 US gal (0.7 )
unleaded gasoline,
pump octane
number of 86 or
higher
after draining:
1.0 US qt (0.9 )
after disassembly:
1.2 US qt (1.1 )
Technical Information
129
10/07/27 17:49:51 31KSJ660 0139 Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
Engine oil
recommendation
Drive chain
lubricant
API Service
Classification SG or
higher except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30,
JASO T 903 standard
MA,
Pro Honda GN4
4-stroke oil (USA &
Canada), or Honda
4-stroke oil (Canada
only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil
Pro Honda HP Chain
Lube or an equivalent
130 Technical Information
Fuel & Lubricants
Air cleaner oil
Capacities
Passenger
capacity
Maximum weight
capacity
Cargo capacity
Pro Honda (USA
only) or Honda
(Canada only) Foam
Filter Oil or an
equivalent
operator only;
no passenger
220 lb (100 kg)
none
Engine Specifications
6.0 cu-in (99 cm )
Displacement
2.09 × 1.77 in
Bore & stroke
(53 × 45 mm)
9.4 : 1
Compression ratio
10/07/27 17:50:02 31KSJ660 0140 Specifications
Engine Specifications
0.002 in
Intake:
Valve clearance
(0.05 mm)
(cold)
Exhaust: 0.002 in
(0.05 mm)
CR7HSA (NGK) or
Spark plug
U22FSR-U (DENSO)
(standard)
CR6HSA (NGK) or
Spark plug
U20FSR-U (DENSO)
(cold climate;
below 5°C, 41°F)
CR8HSA (NGK) or
Spark plug
U24FSR-U (DENSO)
(extended high
speed riding)
0.024−0.028 in
Spark plug gap
(0.60−0.70 mm)
1,400 ± 100 rpm
Idle speed
Power Transmission
Primary reduction
Gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Final reduction
Final drive
4.437
3.083
1.882
1.400
1.130
0.923
3.571
chain
Technical Information
131
10/07/27 17:50:13 31KSJ660 0141 Specifications
Power Transmission
Drive chain
freeplay
New chain length
Used chain service
limit length
1−1 3/8 in
(25−35 mm)
58.5 in (1,486 mm)
distance between a
span of 117 pins
59.7 in (1,516 mm)
distance between a
span of 117 pins
Chassis & Suspension
Caster
Trail
Tire size, front
Tire size, rear
Tire type
Tire pressure, front
(cold)
Tire pressure, rear
(cold)
Suspension, front
Suspension, rear
132 Technical Information
28° 50’
3.9 in (99 mm)
70/100-19M/C 42M
90/100-16M/C 51M
bias-ply, tube
15 psi
(100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
15 psi
(100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
5.2 in (132 mm)
axle travel
5.8 in (148 mm)
axle travel
10/07/27 17:50:18 31KSJ660 0142 Specifications
Torque Specifications
18 lbf·ft (24 N·m ,
Engine oil drain bolt
2.5 kgf·m)
46 lbf·ft (62 N·m ,
Wheel axles
6.3 kgf·m)
Technical Information
133
10/07/27 17:50:22 31KSJ660 0143 Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability
and performance by paying extra attention to
how you ride during the first operating day or
15 miles (25 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and
rapid acceleration.
134 Technical Information
10/07/27 17:50:27 31KSJ660 0144 High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
At high altitude, the standard carburetor airfuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will
decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A
very rich mixture will also foul the spark plug
and cause hard starting. Operation at an altitude
that differs from that at which this engine was
certified, for extended periods of time, may
increase emissions.
High altitude performance can be improved by
specific modifications to the carburetor. If you
always operate your engine at altitudes above
6,500 feet (2,000 meters), have your servicing
dealer perform this carburetor modification.
This engine, when operated at high altitude
with the carburetor modifications for high
altitude use, will meet each emission standard
throughout its useful life.
Even with carburetor modification, engine
horsepower will decrease about 3.5% for each
1,000-foot (300-meter) increase in altitude. The
effect of altitude on horsepower will be greater
than this if no carburetor modification is made.
When the carburetor has been modif ied f or
high altitude operation, the air-f uel mixture
will be too lean f or low altitude use. Operation
at altitudes below 5,000 f eet (1,500 meters)
with a modif ied carburetor may cause the
engine to overheat and result in serious engine
damage. For use at low altitudes, have your
servicing dealer return the carburetor to
original f actory specif ications.
Technical Information
135
10/07/27 17:50:33 31KSJ660 0145 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), the California Air Resources Board
(CARB), and Environment Canada (EC)
require that your motorcycle comply with
applicable exhaust emissions standards during
its useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
The Vehicle Emission Control Information
Label ( 1 ) ( 2 ) is attached to the rear fender.
REAR
(1)
(2)
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles built
after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable
noise emission standards for one year or
1,865 miles (3,000 km) after the time of sale to
the ultimate purchaser, when operated and
maintained according to the instructions
provided. (USA only)
(1) vehicle emission control
information label
(2) vehicle emission control
information label (Canada only)
136 Technical Information
10/07/27 17:50:37 31KSJ660 0146 Emission Control Systems
Source of Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and
hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons
and oxides of nitrogen is very important
because, under certain conditions, they react to
form photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in
the same way, but it is toxic.
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system is
composed of appropriate carburetor settings.
No adjustments should be made except for an
idle speed adjustment with the throttle stop
screw or carburetor adjustment for high altitude
operation. The exhaust emission control system
is separate from the crankcase emission control
system.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems
to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen
and hydrocarbons.
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase
system to prevent discharging crankcase
emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
Technical Information
137
10/07/27 17:50:42 31KSJ660 0147 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE CONTROL
SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED: U. S. federal law
prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may
prohibit the following acts or the causing
thereof: (1) The removal or rendering
inoperative by any person, other than for
purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement,
of any device or element of design
incorporated into any new vehicle for the
purpose of noise control prior to its sale or
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is
in use; or (2) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been removed
or rendered inoperative by any person.
138 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO
CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE
ACTS LISTED BELOW:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes, or any other
component which conducts exhaust gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the
intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle,
or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with
parts other than those specified by the
manufacturer.
10/07/27 17:50:47 31KSJ660 0148 Emission Control Systems
Problems that May Affect Motorcycle
Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your Honda Motorcycle Dealer:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and poor
fuel economy
Federal regulations prohibit removing or
disabling a device or element of design that
may affect your engine’s emission
performance unless your motorcycle will be
used exclusively in competition. If you modify
your engine for use in sanctioned competition
events, you must deface or destroy the
emission control information label.
Fuel Permeation Emission Control System
This vehicle complies with the Fuel Permeation
Emission Control regulations of the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the
California Air Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC).
The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel vapor
charge hoses used on this vehicle incorporate
fuel permeation control technologies.
Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses, or
fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or defeat the
effectiveness of the fuel permeation
technologies is prohibited by federal
regulations.
Technical Information
139
10/07/27 17:50:54 31KSJ660 0149 Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being blended
with alcohol or an ether compound. These
gasolines are collectively referred to as
oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards,
some areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating
requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be posted
on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
140 Technical Information
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 10%
ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol
may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 15%
MTBE by volume.
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol) 5% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing methanol
containing up to 5% methanol by volume as
long as it contains cosolvents and corrosion
inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by volume
may cause starting and/or performance
problems. It may also damage metal, rubber,
and plastic parts of your fuel system.
10/07/27 17:50:59 31KSJ660 0150 Oxygenated Fuels
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or switch
to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance problems
resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel
containing more than the percentages of
oxygenates mentioned above are not covered
under warranty.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not
covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic.
Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel
tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.
Technical Information
141
10/07/27 17:51:02 31KSJ660 0151 142 Technical Information
10/07/27 17:51:09 31KSJ660 0152 Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
service manual.
Authorized Manuals ....................................
Warranty Coverage .....................................
Warranty Service ........................................
Contacting Honda .......................................
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only) .........
Your Honda Dealer .....................................
Consumer Information
144
147
148
149
150
151
143
10/07/27 17:51:16 31KSJ660 0153 Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized dealer is available from Helm, Inc. (USA only,
Canada: See your dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service Manual
which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all
Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically capable
owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety
standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
61KSJ06
2011 CRF80F/CRF100F Service Manual
61CM002
Common Service Manual
31KSJ660
2011 CRF100F Owner’s Manual
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
144 Consumer Information
Price Each*
$39.95
$49.95
$16.95
10/07/27 17:51:25 31KSJ660 0154 Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order,
or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form
(USA only).
Canada: See your dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item No.
Item Description
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation.
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
delivery.
Qty.
Price
Each*
Sub Total
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. add 6 %
Calif. add 8.25 %
Handling Charge
Grand Total
Total
Price
$3.75
Consumer Information
145
10/07/27 17:51:39 31KSJ660 0155 S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to
whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street address/P. O. BOX
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different
from the shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Security Code
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For
returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.
HELM P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
146 Consumer Information
10/07/27 17:51:45 31KSJ660 0156 Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Emission Control System Warranty
Noise Control Warranty (USA only)
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Honda Motorcycle Warranties
Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at
the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your
Honda owner’s card (USA only) with your
Warranties Booklet.
Your warranty coverage will not be voided if
you choose to perform your own maintenance.
However, you should have the proper tools and
service information and be mechanically
qualified. Failures that occur due directly to
improper maintenance or lack of maintenance
are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can be
extended through the Honda Protection Plan
(USA only). For more information, see your
dealer.
It is important to realize that your warranty for
your Honda applies to defects in material or
factory workmanship. Your warranty coverage
does not apply to normal wear or deterioration
associated with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
147
10/07/27 17:51:50 31KSJ660 0157 Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not included
in your warranty coverage. Additionally, your
warranty does not apply to the normal wear of
items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with your
Honda, call the service department of your
dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection
and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
If you have questions about warranty coverage
or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to
the Service Manager of your dealer.
148 Consumer Information
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all
concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If
you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling
of the situation, we suggest you discuss your
problem with the appropriate member of the
dealership’s management team. If the problem
has already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc.,
contact the Owner of the dealership or his
designated representative.
10/07/27 17:51:57 31KSJ660 0158 Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about your
Honda. Any questions not answered in the
owner’s manual can be answered by your
dealer. If he doesn’t have the answer right
away, he will get it for you.
If you have a difference of opinion with your
dealer, please remember that each dealership is
independently owned and operated. That’s why
it’s important to work to resolve any
differences at the dealership level.
If you wish to comment on your experiences
with your Honda or with your dealer, please
send your comments to the following address
(USA only):
Motorcycle Division, American Honda Motor
Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance, CA 905092200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B, telephone: (866)
784-1870.
Canada: Refer to the Warranty Booklet that
was supplied with your vehicle.
Please include the following information in
your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
We will likely ask your dealer to respond, or
possibly acknowledge your comments directly.
Consumer Information
149
10/07/27 17:52:00 31KSJ660 0159 The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s Club
of America (HRCA) membership with the
purchase of your new Honda. You can log on
to the HRCA Clubhouse website for details at
www.hrca.honda.com.
150 Consumer Information
10/07/27 17:52:06 31KSJ660 0160 Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your Honda
dealer so you can utilize the full range of
services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It
has the latest available service information
from Honda. The service department will also
handle warranty inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Honda Genuine
Parts, Pro Honda products, Honda Genuine
Accessories (USA only), and Honda
accessories and products (Canada only). The
same quality that went into your Honda can be
found in Honda Genuine replacement parts.
You’ll also find comparable quality in the
accessories and products available from the
parts department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of your
warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in your
area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a
source of information (USA only) about safety
training available in your local area and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America.
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service
your Honda dealer continues to provide after
the sale as you are with the quality and
dependability of your Honda.
Consumer Information
151
10/07/27 17:52:11 31KSJ660 0161 Index
A
accessories .......................................................10
air cleaner ........................................................66
air pressure, tires .............................................94
altering your motorcycle .................................11
arrester, spark ..................................................78
authorized manuals .......................................144
B
brakes,
cable inspection/lubrication ........................88
lever, front ...................................................20
pedal, rear ....................................................21
shoe wear.....................................................87
braking ............................................................37
break-in guidelines ........................................134
button, engine stop ..........................................20
152 Index
C
capacity, fuel ...................................................58
carburetor,
high altitude adjustment ............................135
idle speed.....................................................75
choke lever ......................................................18
cleaner, air .......................................................66
cleaning, appearance care .............................106
clutch system,
adjustment ...................................................71
lever .............................................................20
consumer information ...................................143
controls, operating...........................................13
cover removal, side .........................................56
customer service............................................149
10/07/27 17:52:16 31KSJ660 0162 Index
D
drive chain .......................................................99
E
education, rider .........................................3, 151
emission control systems ..............................136
engine number ...............................................128
engine,
flooded ........................................................33
idle speed.....................................................75
pinging ........................................................57
starting .........................................................31
stop button ...................................................20
stopping .......................................................34
won’t start .................................................121
environment, protecting ................................117
F
filter, air...........................................................66
flat tire ...........................................................122
flooded engine, starting ..................................33
fork ..................................................................80
front brake,
lever .............................................................20
lever freeplay ..............................................83
front suspension ..............................................80
front wheel removal ........................................90
fuel,
oxygenated ................................................140
recommendation..........................................57
tank capacity ...............................................58
valve ............................................................17
Index
153
10/07/27 17:52:22 31KSJ660 0163 Index
G
gap, spark plug ................................................76
gasohol ..........................................................140
gasoline ...........................................................57
gears, shifting ..................................................35
H
high altitude carburetor adjustment ..............135
Honda, contacting .........................................149
Honda, dealer ................................................151
Honda service manual ...................................144
I
idle speed, engine ............................................75
inspection,
post-ride ......................................................40
154 Index
pre-ride ........................................................27
K
key, lost .........................................................125
kickstarter ........................................................21
L
lever,
clutch ...........................................................20
front brake ...................................................20
shift .............................................................21
limit, weight ......................................................9
loading ...............................................................8
10/07/27 17:52:28 31KSJ660 0164 Index
M
maintenance,
component locations ...................................52
record ..........................................................51
safety ...........................................................45
schedule.......................................................47
manual, service..............................................144
modifications ..................................................11
P
parking ............................................................39
pedal, rear brake ..............................................21
pinging, engine ................................................57
plug, spark .......................................................76
post-ride inspection .........................................40
pre-ride inspection...........................................27
R
O
oil, engine ........................................................60
operating controls............................................13
operation component locations .......................14
oxygenated fuels ...........................................140
reserve capacity, fuel tank ..............................58
rider training..............................................3, 151
riding,
basic operation ............................................29
before ..........................................................23
clothing........................................................24
precautions ..................................................30
safety .............................................................2
rim lock ...........................................................89
Index
155
10/07/27 17:52:32 31KSJ660 0165 Index
S
schedule, maintenance ....................................47
service,
customer ....................................................149
manuals .....................................................144
warranty ....................................................148
shifting gears ...................................................35
shoe, brake ......................................................87
side cover, removal .........................................56
side stand ...................................................21, 98
spark arrester ...................................................78
spark knock .....................................................57
spark plug ........................................................76
specifications ................................................129
stand, side ..................................................21, 98
starting, engine ................................................31
stop button, engine ..........................................20
stopping engine ...............................................34
storage ...........................................................114
156 Index
suspension,
front .............................................................80
rear...............................................................81
T
throttle
freeplay .......................................................69
operation......................................................20
tires,
air pressure ..................................................94
flat .............................................................122
replacing ......................................................97
tools .................................................................55
towing..............................................................36
training, rider.............................................3, 151
transporting ...................................................112
troubleshooting, starting ...............................121
10/07/27 17:52:37 31KSJ660 0166 Index
V
valve, fuel........................................................17
vehicle identification no.(VIN).....................128
W
warranty,
coverage ....................................................147
extended ....................................................147
service .......................................................148
washing your motorcycle ..............................106
weight limit .......................................................9
wheels..............................................................89
Index
157
10/07/27 17:52:52 31KSJ660 0170 Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to know
about your Honda. You’ll also find space to
record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
Your Honda engine can be the most expensive
component to repair. Proper maintenance,
especially the use of the recommended fluids
and filters, prevents premature wear and
damage.
Frequent causes of costly chassis repair are:
Chain -- A loosely adjusted chain or a chain
stretched because of lack of lubrication may
come off and damage an engine case or
wheel hub.
Spokes -- Loose spoke may break and
damage the wheel hub or rim.
Record important information on the following
page:
Frequent causes of costly engine repairs are:
Engine oil -- insufficient quantity, improper
oil.
Air cleaner -- dirty, cleaned but not oiled,
leaking because of improper installation
(poor seal).
Quick Reference
10/07/27 17:52:56 31KSJ660 0171 Quick Reference
Record important information here:
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Owner’s:
Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s:
Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
10/07/27 17:53:10 31KSJ660 0172 Quick Reference
Initial Maintenance
Regular
Maintenance
Pre-ride Inspection
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum Weight
Capacity
Tires
Tire Pressure (cold)
Spark Plug
about 100 miles (150 km) or 1 month.
about every 600 miles (1,000 km) or 6 months.
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 27 ): tires, spokes & rims, leaks,
engine oil, fuel, drive chain, cables, nuts & bolts, throttle, and brakes.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
tank: 1.32 US gal (5.0 )
reserve: 0.18 US gal (0.7 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the
circular API service label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
220 lb (100 kg)
rider only (no passenger or cargo) and any accessories
Front: 70/100-19M/C 42M , Rear: 90/100-16M/C 51M
Type: bias-ply, tube
Front: 15 psi (100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
Rear: 15 psi (100 kPa , 1.0 kgf/cm )
CR7HSA (NGK) or U22FSR-U (DENSO)
Quick Reference
10/07/27 17:53:18 31KSJ660 0173 Quick Reference
These symbols are used in Operating Controls section:
SYMBOL
Quick Reference
COMPONENT
SEE PAGE
choke lever
18
ON − ignition switch
19
OFF − ignition switch
19
engine stop button
20
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