GA-MA790FX-UD5P
GA-MA790FX-UD5P
AM2+/AM2 socket motherboard for
AMD PhenomTM II X3 processor/AMD PhenomTM II X4 processor/
AMD PhenomTM FX processor/AMD PhenomTM X4 processor/
AMD PhenomTM X3 processor/AMD AthlonTM X2 processor/
AMD AthlonTM processor/AMD SempronTM X2 processor/
AMD SempronTM processor
User's Manual
Rev. 1001
12ME-MA79F5P-1001R
Motherboard
GA-MA790FX-UD5P
Feb. 20, 2009
GA-MA790FX-UD5P
Motherboard
Feb. 20, 2009
Copyright
© 2009 GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. All rights reserved.
The trademarks mentioned in this manual are legally registered to their respective owners.
Disclaimer
Information in this manual is protected by copyright laws and is the property of GIGABYTE.
Changes to the specifications and features in this manual may be made by GIGABYTE without prior
notice. No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated, transmitted, or published in any
form or by any means without GIGABYTE's prior written permission.
Documentation Classifications
In order to assist in the use of this product, GIGABYTE provides the following types of documentations:
 For quick set-up of the product, read the Quick Installation Guide included with the product.
 For detailed product information, carefully read the User's Manual.
 For instructions on how to use GIGABYTE's unique features, read or download the
information on/from the Support\Motherboard\Technology Guide page on our website.
For product-related information, check on our website at:
http://www.gigabyte.com.tw
Identifying Your Motherboard Revision
The revision number on your motherboard looks like this: "REV: X.X." For example, "REV: 1.0"
means the revision of the motherboard is 1.0. Check your motherboard revision before updating
motherboard BIOS, drivers, or when looking for technical information.
Example:
Table of Contents
Box Contents ................................................................................................................. 6
Optional Items................................................................................................................. 6
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard Layout ..................................................................... 7
Block Diagram................................................................................................................ 8
Chapter 1 Hardware Installation .................................................................................... 9
1-1
1-2
1-3
Installation Precautions ..................................................................................... 9
Product Specifications .................................................................................... 10
Installing the CPU and CPU Cooler .............................................................. 13
1-3-1
1-3-2
1-4
Installing the CPU ................................................................................................ 13
Installing the CPU Cooler ................................................................................... 15
Installing the Memory ..................................................................................... 16
1-4-1
1-4-2
Dual Channel Memory Configuration ................................................................ 16
Installing a Memory ............................................................................................. 17
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
Installing an Expansion Card ......................................................................... 18
Configuring an ATI CrossFireXTM System ...................................................... 19
Installing the SATA Bracket ............................................................................. 20
Back Panel Connectors ................................................................................. 21
1-9
1-10
Onboard Switches .......................................................................................... 23
Internal Connectors ........................................................................................ 24
Chapter 2 BIOS Setup ................................................................................................. 37
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
Startup Screen ................................................................................................ 38
The Main Menu .............................................................................................. 39
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.) ....................................................................... 41
Standard CMOS Features ............................................................................. 46
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
Advanced BIOS Features .............................................................................. 48
Integrated Peripherals ..................................................................................... 50
Power Management Setup ............................................................................. 54
PC Health Status ........................................................................................... 56
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
Load Fail-Safe Defaults ................................................................................... 58
Load Optimized Defaults ................................................................................. 58
Set Supervisor/User Password ..................................................................... 59
Save & Exit Setup ......................................................................................... 60
2-13
Exit Without Saving ....................................................................................... 60
-4-
Chapter 3 Drivers Installation ...................................................................................... 61
3-1
Installing Chipset Drivers ............................................................................... 61
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
Application Software ....................................................................................... 62
Technical Manuals .......................................................................................... 62
Contact ........................................................................................................... 63
System ........................................................................................................... 63
3-6
Download Center ............................................................................................ 64
Chapter 4 Unique Features ......................................................................................... 65
4-1
4-2
Xpress Recovery2 ......................................................................................... 65
BIOS Update Utilities ..................................................................................... 68
4-2-1
4-2-2
Updating the BIOS with the Q-Flash Utility ...................................................... 68
Updating the BIOS with the @BIOS Utility ....................................................... 71
4-3
4-4
4-5
EasyTune 6 .................................................................................................... 72
Easy Energy Saver ...................................................................................... 73
Q-Share ......................................................................................................... 75
4-6
4-7
Time Repair .................................................................................................... 76
Teaming .......................................................................................................... 77
Chapter 5 Appendix .................................................................................................... 79
5-1
Configuring SATA Hard Drive(s) .................................................................... 79
5-1-1
5-1-2
5-1-3
5-1-4
5-2
Configuring Audio Input and Output ............................................................... 101
5-2-1
5-2-2
5-2-3
5-2-4
5-2-5
5-3
Configuring 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio .......................................................... 101
Configuring S/PDIF In/Out ................................................................................ 103
Enabling the Dolby Home Theater Function .................................................. 105
Configuring Microphone Recording ................................................................. 106
Using the Sound Recorder ............................................................................... 108
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................. 109
5-3-1
5-3-2
5-4
Configuring AMD SB750 SATA Controllers ...................................................... 79
Configuring GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA Controller ............................................. 85
Making a SATA RAID/AHCI Driver Diskette for Windows XP ........................ 91
Installing the SATA RAID/AHCI Driver and Operating System ...................... 92
Frequently Asked Questions ........................................................................... 109
Troubleshooting Procedure .............................................................................. 110
Regulatory Statements .................................................................................. 112
-5-
Box Contents
GA-MA790FX-UD5P motherboard
Motherboard driver disk
User's Manual
Quick Installation Guide
One IDE cable and one floppy disk drive cable
Four SATA 3Gb/s cables
One SATA bracket
I/O Shield
• The box contents above are for reference only and the actual items shall depend on product package you obtain.
The box contents are subject to change without notice.
• The motherboard image is for reference only.
Optional Items
2-port USB 2.0 bracket (Part No. 12CR1-1UB030-5*R)
2-port IEEE 1394a bracket (Part No. 12CF1-1IE008-0*R)
2-port SATA power cable (Part No. 12CF1-2SERPW-0*R)
COM port cable (Part No. 12CF1-1CM001-3*R)
S/PDIF in and out cable (Part No. 12CR1-1SPINO-1*R)
LPT port cable (Part No. 12CF1-1LP001-0*R)
-6-
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard Layout
CPU_FAN
KB_MS
RCA
SPDIF
ATX_12V_2X4
USB
1394_2
USB
1394_1
ATX
Socket AM2
PWR_FAN
LAN2
USB
PW_SW
PCIEX16_1
RTL
DDR2_4
NB_FAN
AMD 790FX
DDR2_3
PCIEX1_1
DDR2_1
AUDIO
RTL
8111DL
DDR2_2
F_AUDIO
LAN1
USB
RST_SW
8111DL
PCIEX1_2
CD_IN
GA-MA790FX-UD5P
PCIEX1_3
AMD SB750
PCIEX16_2
FDD
CMOS_SW
M_ BIOS
B_ BIOS
BATTERY
CODEC
IDE
SATA2_4
SATA2_5
SATA2_2
SATA2_3
SATA2_0
SATA2_1
CLR_CMOS
SPDIF_IO
CI
GIGABYTE
IT8720
PCI1
TSB43AB23
SATA2
GSATA2_0
GSATA2_1
PCI2
SYS_FAN2
COM
F_PANEL
LPT
PWR_LED
F_USB2
F_1394
-7-
F_USB1
SYS_FAN1
Block Diagram
2 PCIe x16
CPU CLK+/-(200 MHz)
AM3/AM2+/AM2
CPU
DDR2 1333(O.C.)/1066/800 MHz DIMM
Dual Channel Memory
PCIe CLK
(100 MHz)
Hyper Transport 3.0
PCI Express x16
LAN2
3 PCI Express x1
LAN1
RJ45 RJ45
RTL RTL
8111DL 8111DL
PCIe CLK
(100 MHz)
x1
x1
x1
x1
PCI Express Bus
AMD 790FX
x1
x1
GIGABYTE
SATA2
2 SATA 3Gb/s
12 USB Ports
6 SATA 3Gb/s
ATA-133/100/66/33
IDE Channel
AMD SB750
LPC BUS
PCI Bus
Surround Speaker Out
Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out
Side Speaker Out
MIC
Line-Out
Line-In
SPDIF In
SPDIF Out
CODEC
2 PCI
Floppy
IT8720
TSB43AB23
3 IEEE 1394a
Dual BIOS
-8-
LPT Port
COM Port
PS/2 KB/Mouse
Chapter 1 Hardware Installation
1-1
Installation Precautions
The motherboard contains numerous delicate electronic circuits and components which can become
damaged as a result of electrostatic discharge (ESD). Prior to installation, carefully read the user's
manual and follow these procedures:
•
Prior to installation, do not remove or break motherboard S/N (Serial Number) sticker or
warranty sticker provided by your dealer. These stickers are required for warranty validation.
•
Always remove the AC power by unplugging the power cord from the power outlet before
installing or removing the motherboard or other hardware components.
•
When connecting hardware components to the internal connectors on the motherboard,
make sure they are connected tightly and securely.
•
•
When handling the motherboard, avoid touching any metal leads or connectors.
It is best to wear an electrostatic discharge (ESD) wrist strap when handling electronic
components such as a motherboard, CPU or memory. If you do not have an ESD wrist strap,
keep your hands dry and first touch a metal object to eliminate static electricity.
•
Prior to installing the motherboard, please have it on top of an antistatic pad or within an
electrostatic shielding container.
•
Before unplugging the power supply cable from the motherboard, make sure the power supply
has been turned off.
•
Before turning on the power, make sure the power supply voltage has been set according to
the local voltage standard.
•
Before using the product, please verify that all cables and power connectors of your hardware
components are connected.
•
To prevent damage to the motherboard, do not allow screws to come in contact with the
motherboard circuit or its components.
•
Make sure there are no leftover screws or metal components placed on the motherboard or
within the computer casing.
•
•
Do not place the computer system on an uneven surface.
Do not place the computer system in a high-temperature environment.
•
Turning on the computer power during the installation process can lead to damage to system
components as well as physical harm to the user.
•
If you are uncertain about any installation steps or have a problem related to the use of the
product, please consult a certified computer technician.
-9-
Hardware Installation
1-2
Product Specifications
CPU

Hyper Transport Bus 
Chipset


Memory



Audio
LAN
Expansion Slots









Support for AM3/AM2+/AM2 processors:
AMD Phenom TM II X3 processor/AMD PhenomTM II X4 processor
AMD Phenom TM FX processor/AMD Phenom TM X4 processor/
AMD PhenomTM X3 processor/AMD Athlon TM X2 processor/
AMD Athlon TM processor/AMD Sempron TM X2 processor/
AMD SempronTM processor
(Go to GIGABYTE's website for the latest CPU support list.)
5200/2000 MT/s
North Bridge: AMD 790FX
South Bridge: AMD SB750
4 x 1.8V DDR2 DIMM sockets supporting up to 16 GB of system memory (Note 1)
Dual channel memory architecture
Support for DDR2 1333(O.C.)/1066/800 MHz memory modules
(Go to GIGABYTE's website for the latest memory support list.)
Realtek ALC889A codec
High Definition Audio
2/4/5.1/7.1-channel
Support for Dolby® Home Theater
Support for S/PDIF In/Out
Support for CD In
2 x Realtek 8111DL chips (10/100/1000 Mbit)
Support for Teaming
2 x PCI Express x16 slots, running at x16
(The PCIEX16_1 and PCIEX16_2 slots support ATI CrossFireX
technology and conform to PCI Express 2.0 standard.)
3 x PCI Express x1 slots
2 x PCI slots
South Bridge:
- 1 x IDE connector supporting ATA-133/100/66/33 and up to 2 IDE devices
- 6 x SATA 3Gb/s connectors (SATA2_0, SATA2_1, SATA2_2, SATA2_3,
SATA2_4, SATA2_5) supporting up to 6 SATA 3Gb/s devices
- Support for SATA RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10 and JBOD
GIGABYTE SATA2 chip:
- 2 x SATA 3Gb/s connectors (GSATA2_0, GSATA2_1) supporting up to
2 SATA 3Gb/s devices
- Support for SATA RAID 0, RAID 1 and JBOD
iTE IT8720 chip:
- 1 x floppy disk drive connector supporting up to 1 floppy disk drive
T.I. TSB43AB23 chip
Up to 3 IEEE 1394a ports (2 on the back panel, 1 via the IEEE 1394a bracket
connected to the internal IEEE 1394a header)
Integrated in the South Bridge
Up to 12 USB 2.0/1.1 ports (8 on the back panel, 4 via the USB brackets
connected to the internal USB headers)
TM
Storage Interface





IEEE 1394


USB


GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 10 -
Internal Connectors
Back Panel
Connectors
I/O Controller
Hardware Monitor
BIOS









































1 x 24-pin ATX main power connector
1 x 8-pin ATX 12V power connector
1 x floppy disk drive connector
1 x IDE connector
8 x SATA 3Gb/s connectors
1 x CPU fan header
2 x system fan headers
1 x power fan header
1 x North Bridge fan header
1 x front panel header
1 x front panel audio header
1 x CD In connector
1 x S/PDIF In/Out header
1 x IEEE 1394a header
2 x USB 2.0/1.1 headers
1 x parallel port header
1 x serial port header
1 x chassis intrusion header
1 x power LED header
1 x power switch
1 x reset switch
1 x clearing CMOS switch
1 x PS/2 keyboard port
1 x PS/2 mouse port
1 x coaxial S/PDIF Out connector
1 x optical S/PDIF Out connector
2 x IEEE 1394a ports
8 x USB 2.0/1.1 ports
2 x RJ-45 ports
6 x audio jacks (Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out/Rear Speaker Out/Side
Speaker Out/Line In/Line Out/Microphone)
iTE IT8720 chip
System voltage detection
CPU/System temperature detection
CPU/System/Power fan speed detection
CPU overheating warning
CPU/System/North Bridge/Power fan fail warning
CPU/System fan speed control (Note 2)
2 x 8 Mbit flash
Use of licensed AWARD BIOS
Support for DualBIOSTM
PnP 1.0a, DMI 2.0, SM BIOS 2.4, ACPI 1.0b
- 11 -
Hardware Installation
Unique Features
Bundled Software
Operating System
Form Factor













Support for @BIOS
Support for Q-Flash
Support for Virtual Dual BIOS
Support for Download Center
Support for Xpress Install
Support for Xpress Recovery2
Support for EasyTune (Note 3)
Support for Easy Energy Saver (Note 4)
Support for Time Repair
Support for Q-Share
Norton Internet Security (OEM version)
Support for Microsoft ® Windows® Vista/XP
ATX Form Factor; 30.5cm x 24.4cm
(Note 1) Due to Windows Vista/XP 32-bit operating system limitation, when more than 4 GB of physical
memory is installed, the actual memory size displayed will be less than 4 GB.
(Note 2) Whether the CPU/system fan speed control function is supported will depend on the CPU/
system cooler you install.
(Note 3) Available functions in EasyTune may differ by motherboard model.
(Note 4) Due to the hardware limitation, you must install the AMD AM3 Phenom TM II / AM2+ Phenom TM
Series CPU to enable support for Easy Energy Saver.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 12 -
1-3
Installing the CPU and CPU Cooler
Read the following guidelines before you begin to install the CPU:
• Make sure that the motherboard supports the CPU.
(Go to GIGABYTE's website for the latest CPU support list.)
• Always turn off the computer and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before
installing the CPU to prevent hardware damage.
• Locate the pin one of the CPU. The CPU cannot be inserted if oriented incorrectly.
• Apply an even and thin layer of thermal grease on the surface of the CPU.
• Do not turn on the computer if the CPU cooler is not installed, otherwise overheating and
damage of the CPU may occur.
• Set the CPU host frequency in accordance with the CPU specifications. It is not recommended that the system bus frequency be set beyond hardware specifications since it
does not meet the standard requirements for the peripherals. If you wish to set the frequency
beyond the standard specifications, please do so according to your hardware specifications
including the CPU, graphics card, memory, hard drive, etc.
1-3-1 Installing the CPU
A. Locate the pin one (denoted by a small triangle) of the CPU socket and the CPU.
A Small Triangle Mark
Denotes Pin One of the
Socket
A Small Triangle Marking
Denotes CPU Pin One
- 13 -
AM2 Socket
AM3/AM2+/AM2 CPU
Hardware Installation
B. Follow the steps below to correctly install the CPU into the motherboard CPU socket.
Before installing the CPU, make sure to turn off the computer and unplug the power
cord from the power outlet to prevent damage to the CPU.
CPU Socket Locking
Lever
Step 1:
Completely lift up the CPU socket locking lever.
Step 2:
Align the CPU pin one (small triangle marking)
with the triangle mark on the CPU socket and
gently insert the CPU into the socket. Make
sure that the CPU pins fit perfectly into their
holes. Once the CPU is positioned into its
socket, place one finger down on the middle of
the CPU, lowering the locking lever and latching it into the fully locked position.
Do not force the CPU into the CPU socket. The CPU cannot fit in if oriented incorrectly. Adjust
the CPU orientation if this occurs.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 14 -
1-3-2 Installing the CPU Cooler
Follow the steps below to correctly install the CPU cooler on the CPU. (The following procedure uses
the GIGABYTE cooler as the example.)
Step 1:
Apply an even and thin layer of thermal grease
on the surface of the installed CPU.
Step 2:
Place the CPU cooler on the CPU.
Step 3:
Hook the CPU cooler clip to the mounting lug on
one side of the retention frame. On the other side,
push straight down on the the CPU cooler clip to
hook it to the mounting lug on the retention frame.
Step 4:
Turn the cam handle from the left side to the
right side (as the picture above shows) to lock
into place. (Refer to your CPU cooler installation manual for instructions on installing the
cooler.)
Step 5:
Finally, attach the power connector of the CPU
cooler to the CPU fan header (CPU_FAN) on
the motherboard.
Use extreme care when removing the CPU cooler because the thermal grease/tape between
the CPU cooler and CPU may adhere to the CPU. Inadequately removing the CPU cooler
may damage the CPU.
- 15 -
Hardware Installation
1-4
Installing the Memory
Read the following guidelines before you begin to install the memory:
• Make sure that the motherboard supports the memory. It is recommended that memory of
the same capacity, brand, speed, and chips be used.
(Go to GIGABYTE's website for the latest memory support list.)
• Always turn off the computer and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before
installing the memory to prevent hardware damage.
• Memory modules have a foolproof design. A memory module can be installed in only one
direction. If you are unable to insert the memory, switch the direction.
1-4-1 Dual Channel Memory Configuration
This motherboard provides four DDR2 memory sockets and supports Dual Channel Technology. After
the memory is installed, the BIOS will automatically detect the specifications and
capacity of the memory. Enabling Dual Channel memory mode will double the
original memory bandwidth.
The four DDR2 memory sockets are divided into two channels and each channel has two memory
sockets as following:
Channel 0: DDR2_1, DDR2_3
Channel 1: DDR2_2, DDR2_4
Dual Channel Memory Configurations Table
DDR2_1 DDR2_2 DDR2_3 DDR2_4
Two Modules
DDR2_1
DDR2_2
DDR2_3
DDR2_4
Four Modules
DS/SS
DS/SS
--
--
--
--
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
If two memory modules are to be installed, it is recommended that you install them in the DDR2_1 and DDR2_2
sockets.
Due to CPU limitation, read the following guidelines before installing the memory in Dual Channel mode.
1. Dual Channel mode cannot be enabled if only one DDR2 memory module is installed.
2. When enabling Dual Channel mode with two or four memory modules, it is recommended that
memory of the same capacity, brand, speed, and chips be used and installed in the same
colored DDR2 sockets for optimum performance.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 16 -
1-4-2 Installing a Memory
Before installing a memory module, make sure to turn off the computer and unplug
the power cord from the power outlet to prevent damage to the memory module.
DDR2 DIMMs are not compatible to DDR DIMMs. Be sure to install DDR2 DIMMs on
this motherboard.
Notch
DDR2 DIMM
A DDR2 memory module has a notch, so it can only fit in one direction. Follow the steps below to
correctly install your memory modules in the memory sockets.
Step 1:
Note the orientation of the memory module. Spread the retaining
clips at both ends of the memory socket. Place the memory
module on the socket. As indicated in the picture on the left,
place your fingers on the top edge of the memory, push down
on the memory and insert it vertically into the memory socket.
Step 2:
The clips at both ends of the socket will snap into place when
the memory module is securely inserted.
- 17 -
Hardware Installation
1-5
Installing an Expansion Card
Read the following guidelines before you begin to install an expansion card:
• Make sure the motherboard supports the expansion card. Carefully read the manual that
came with your expansion card.
• Always turn off the computer and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before
installing an expansion card to prevent hardware damage.
PCI Express x1 Slot
PCI Express x16 Slot
PCI Slot
Follow the steps below to correctly install your expansion card in the expansion slot.
1. Locate an expansion slot that supports your card. Remove the metal slot cover from the chassis back panel.
2. Align the card with the slot, and press down on the card until it is fully seated in the slot.
3. Make sure the metal contacts on the card are completely inserted into the slot.
4. Secure the card's metal bracket to the chassis back panel with a screw.
5. After installing all expansion cards, replace the chassis cover(s).
6. Turn on your computer. If necessary, go to BIOS Setup to make any required BIOS changes for
your expansion card(s).
7. Install the driver provided with the expansion card in your operating system.
Example: Installing and Removing a PCI Express x16 Graphics Card:
• Installing a Graphics Card:
Gently push down on the top edge of the card
until it is fully inserted into the PCI Express x16
slot. Make sure the card is securely seated in
the slot and does not rock.
• Removing the Card from the PCI Express x16 Slot:
Gently push back on the lever on the slot and then lift the card straight out
from the slot.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 18 -
1-6
Configuring an ATI CrossFireXTM System
To enable CrossFireXTM technology, you need two graphics cards that support ATI CrossFireTM technology.
Before You Begin-A. Power Requirements:
Use a power supply that is able to provide sufficient power to fully support an CrossFireX configuration and
other components in your system. We recommend a power supply that provides at least 20A 12V current.
The exact power requirements depend on your overall system configurations.
B. Supported Operating Systems:
Windows Vista and Windows XP.
C. BIOS Settings:
Before configuring your system for CrossFireX, make sure to set Init Display First under Advanced BIOS
Features in BIOS Setup to PEG first. (Start your system with a single PCIe x16 graphics card and then go
to BIOS Setup to set Init Display First to PEG. Then install the second graphics card to enable CrossFireX.)
Enabling CrossFireX Mode-Connecting Two Graphics Cards:
Step 1:
Observe the steps in "1-5 Installing an Expansion Card" and install
the graphics cards in the PCIEX16_1 slot and the PCIEX16_2 slot.
Step 2:
Depending on your graphics cards, install the connecting bridges
on the two cards.
(Note: Procedure for enabling CrossFireX may slightly differ by graphics cards. Refer
to the manual that came with your graphics cards for more information about enabling
CrossFireX.)
Step 3:
Connect your LCD monitor cable to the DVI port on the graphics
card on the PCIEX16_1 slot (or connect your D-Sub monitor via a
DVI-to-D-Sub adapter).
Graphics Card Driver Setting:
After installing the graphics card driver in your operating system,
access the Catalyst Control Center. From the CATALYST Control Center, enter the CrossFire menu and select the Enable
CrossFire checkbox to complete the configuration.
- 19 -
Hardware Installation
1-7
Installing the SATA Bracket
The SATA bracket allows you to connect external SATA device(s) to your system by expanding the
internal SATA port(s) to the chassis back panel.
• Turn off your system and the power switch on the power supply before installing or
removing the SATA bracket and SATA power cable to prevent damage to hardware.
• Insert the SATA signal cable and SATA power cable securely into the corresponding connectors when installing.
SATA Signal Cable
SATA Bracket
External
SATA
Connector
SATA Power Cable
The SATA bracket includes one SATA bracket, one
SATA signal cable, and one SATA power cable.
Power
Connector
External SATA
Connector
Follow the steps below to install the SATA bracket:
Step 1:
Locate one free PCI
slot and secure the
SATA bracket to the
chassis back panel
with a screw.
Step 2:
Connect the SATA
cable from the bracket
to the SATA port on
your motherboard.
Step 3:
Connect the power
cable from the bracket
to the power supply.
Step 4:
Plug one end of the
SATA signal cable into
the external SATA connector on the bracket.
Then attach the SATA
power cable to the
power connector on
the bracket.
Step 5:
Connect the other ends of the SATA signal cable and SATA power cable
to your SATA device. For SATA device in external enclosure, you only
need to connect the SATA signal cable. Before connecting the SATA signal
cable, make sure to turn off the power of the external enclosure.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 20 -
1-8
Back Panel Connectors
PS/2 Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Port
Use the upper port (green) to connect a PS/2 mouse and the lower port (purple) to connect a PS/2
keyboard.
Optical S/PDIF Out Connector
This connector provides digital audio out to an external audio system that supports digital optical
audio. Before using this feature, ensure that your audio system provides an optical digital audio in
connector.
Coaxial S/PDIF Out Connector
This connector provides digital audio out to an external audio system that supports digital coaxial
audio. Before using this feature, ensure that your audio system provides a coaxial digital audio in
connector.
IEEE 1394a Port
The IEEE 1394 port supports the IEEE 1394a specification, featuring high speed, high bandwidth
and hotplug capabilities. Use this port for an IEEE 1394a device.
USB Port
The USB port supports the USB 2.0/1.1 specification. Use this port for USB devices such as an
USB keyboard/mouse, USB printer, USB flash drive and etc.
RJ-45 LAN Port
The Gigabit Ethernet LAN port provides Internet connection at up to 1 Gbps data rate. The following
describes the states of the LAN port LEDs.
Connection/
Speed LED
Activity LED
LAN Port
Connection/Speed LED:
State
Description
Orange
1 Gbps data rate
Green
100 Mbps data rate
Off
10 Mbps data rate
Activity LED:
State
Blinking
Off
Description
Data transmission or receiving is occurring
No data transmission or receiving is occurring
• When removing the cable connected to a back panel connector, first remove the cable
from your device and then remove it from the motherboard.
• When removing the cable, pull it straight out from the connector. Do not rock it side to side
to prevent an electrical short inside the cable connector.
- 21 -
Hardware Installation
Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out Jack (Orange)
Use this audio jack to connect center/subwoofer speakers in a 5.1/7.1-channel audio configuration.
Rear Speaker Out Jack (Black)
Use this audio jack to connect rear speakers in a 4/5.1/7.1-channel audio configuration.
Side Speaker Out Jack (Gray)
Use this audio jack to connect side speakers in a 7.1-channel audio configuration.
Line In Jack (Blue)
The default line in jack. Use this audio jack for line in devices such as an optical drive, walkman, etc.
Line Out Jack (Green)
The default line out jack. Use this audio jack for a headphone or 2-channel speaker. This jack can
be used to connect front speakers in a 4/5.1/7.1-channel audio configuration.
Mic In Jack (Pink)
The default Mic in jack. Microphones must be connected to this jack.
In addition to the default speakers settings, the ~ audio jacks can be reconfigured to
perform different functions via the audio software. Only microphones still MUST be connected to the default Mic in jack ( ). Refer to the instructions on setting up a 2/4/5.1/
7.1-channel audio configuration in Chapter 5, "Configuring 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio."
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 22 -
1-9
Onboard Switches
Quick Switches
This motherboard has 3 quick switches: power switch, reset switch and clearing CMOS switch,
allowing users to quickly turn on/off or reset the system or clear the CMOS values.
PW_SW: Power switch
RST_SW: Reset switch
CMOS_SW: Clearing CMOS switch
- 23 -
Hardware Installation
1-10 Internal Connectors
1
3
2
5
14
7
6
12
8
15
9
16
21
10
20
19
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
ATX_12V_2X4
ATX
CPU_FAN
SYS_FAN1/SYS_FAN2
PWR_FAN
NB_FAN
FDD
IDE
SATA2_0 / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5
GSATA2_0 / 1
PWR_LED
22 18 17
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
4 11 13
4
BATTERY
F_PANEL
F_AUDIO
CD_IN
SPDIF_IO
F_USB1 / F_USB2
F_1394
LPT
COM
CI
CLR_CMOS
Read the following guidelines before connecting external devices:
• First make sure your devices are compliant with the connectors you wish to connect.
• Before installing the devices, be sure to turn off the devices and your computer. Unplug the
power cord from the power outlet to prevent damage to the devices.
• After installing the device and before turning on the computer, make sure the device cable
has been securely attached to the connector on the motherboard.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 24 -
1/2) ATX_12V_2X4/ATX (2x4 12V Power Connector and 2x12 Main Power Connector)
With the use of the power connector, the power supply can supply enough stable power to all the
components on the motherboard. Before connecting the power connector, first make sure the
power supply is turned off and all devices are properly installed. The power connector possesses
a foolproof design. Connect the power supply cable to the power connector in the correct orientation.
The 12V power connector mainly supplies power to the CPU. If the 12V power connector is not
connected, the computer will not start.
• To meet expansion requirements, it is recommended that a power supply that can withstand
high power consumption be used (500W or greater). If a power supply is used that does not
provide the required power, the result can lead to an unstable or unbootable system.
• The power connectors are compatible with power supplies with 2x2 12V and 2x10 power
connectors. When using a power supply providing a 2x4 12V and a 2x12 power connector,
remove the protective covers from the 12V power connector and the main power connector on
the motherboard. Do not insert the power supply cables into pins under the protective covers
when using a power supply providing a 2x2 12V and a 2x10 power connector.
ATX_12V_2X4:
8
4
1
5
ATX_12V_2X4
Pin No.
Definition
1
2
GND (Only for 2x4 pin 12V)
GND (Only for 2x4 pin 12V)
3
4
GND
GND
5
6
+12V (Only for 2x4 pin 12V)
+12V (Only for 2x4 pin 12V)
7
8
+12V
+12V
ATX:
12
24
1
13
Pin No.
1
Definition
3.3V
2
3
3.3V
GND
4
5
+5V
GND
6
7
+5V
GND
8
9
Power Good
5V SB(stand by +5V)
10
11
+12V
+12V (Only for 2x12-pinATX)
12
3.3V (Only for 2x12-pinATX)
Pin No.
Definition
13
14
3.3V
-12V
15
16
GND
PS_ON(soft On/Off)
17
18
GND
GND
19
20
GND
-5V
21
22
+5V
+5V
23
24
+5V (Only for 2x12-pin ATX)
GND (Only for 2x12-pin ATX)
ATX
- 25 -
Hardware Installation
3/4/5) CPU_FAN/SYS_FAN1/SYS_FAN2/PWR_FAN (Fan Headers)
The motherboard has a 4-pin CPU fan header (CPU_FAN), a 3-pin (SYS_FAN2) and a 4-pin
(SYS_FAN1) system fan headers, and a 3-pin power fan header (PWR_FAN). Most fan headers
possess a foolproof insertion design. When connecting a fan cable, be sure to connect it in the
correct orientation (the black connector wire is the ground wire). The motherboard supports CPU
fan speed control, which requires the use of a CPU fan with fan speed control design. For optimum
heat dissipation, it is recommended that a system fan be installed inside the chassis.
CPU_FAN:
Pin No.
1
CPU_FAN
Definition
1
2
GND
+12V / Speed Control
3
4
Sense
Speed Control
SYS_FAN1
Pin No.
1
SYS_FAN1
Definition
1
2
GND
+12V / Speed Control
3
4
Sense
Reserve
SYS_FAN2/PWR_FAN:
Pin No.
1
1
SYS_FAN2
PWR_FAN
Definition
1
2
GND
+12V
3
Sense
6) NB_FAN (North Bridge Fan Header)
Connect the North Bridge fan cable to this header. The fan header has a foolproof insertion design.
When connecting a fan cable, be sure to connect it in the correct orientation. Most fans are designed
with color-coded power connector wires. A red power connector wire indicates a positive connection and requires a +12V voltage. The black connector wire is the ground wire.
1
Pin No.
1
2
3
Definition
GND
+12V
NC
• Be sure to connect fan cables to the fan headers to prevent your CPU, North Bridge and
system from overheating. Overheating may result in damage to the CPU/North Bridge or
the system may hang.
• These fan headers are not configuration jumper blocks. Do not place a jumper cap on the
headers.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 26 -
7) FDD (Floppy Disk Drive Connector)
This connector is used to connect a floppy disk drive. The types of floppy disk drives supported
are: 360 KB, 720 KB, 1.2 MB, 1.44 MB, and 2.88 MB. Before connecting a floppy disk drive, be
sure to locate pin 1 of the connector and the floppy disk drive cable. The pin 1 of the cable is
typically designated by a stripe of different color.
34
33
2
1
8) IDE (IDE Connector)
The IDE connector supports up to two IDE devices such as hard drives and optical drives. Before
attaching the IDE cable, locate the foolproof groove on the connector. If you wish to connect two IDE
devices, remember to set the jumpers and the cabling according to the role of the IDE devices (for
example, master or slave). (For information about configuring master/slave settings for the IDE
devices, read the instructions from the device manufacturers.)
- 27 -
40
39
2
1
Hardware Installation
8) SATA2_0/1/2/3/4/5 (SATA 3Gb/s Connectors, Controlled by AMD SB750, Yellow)
The SATA connectors conform to SATA 3Gb/s standard and are compatible with SATA 1.5Gb/s
standard. Each SATA connector supports a single SATA device. The AMD SB750 controller
supports RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10 and JBOD. Refer to Chapter 5, "Configuring SATA Hard
Drive(s)," for instructions on configuring a RAID array.
SATA2_0
SATA2_2
Pin No.
1
SATA2_4
7
1
7
1
SATA2_1
SATA2_3
SATA2_5
Definition
GND
2
3
TXP
TXN
4
5
GND
RXN
6
7
RXP
GND
Please connect the L-shaped end
of the SATA 3Gb/s cable to your
SATA hard drive.
• A RAID 0 or RAID 1 configuration requires at least two hard drives. If more than two hard
drives are to be used, the total number of hard drives must be an even number.
• A RAID 5 configuration requires at least three hard drives. (The total number of hard drives
does not have to be an even number.)
• A RAID 10 configuration requires at least four hard drives and the total number of hard
drives must be an even number.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 28 -
9) GSATA2_0/1 (SATA 3Gb/s Connectors, Controlled by GIGABYTE SATA2, Purple)
The SATA connectors conform to SATA 3Gb/s standard and are compatible with SATA 1.5Gb/s
standard. Each SATA connector supports a single SATA device. The GIGABYTE SATA2 controller
supports RAID 0 and RAID 1. Refer to Chapter 5, "Configuring SATA Hard Drive(s)," for instructions
on configuring a RAID array.
Pin No.
GSATA2_0
7
1
7
1
GSATA2_1
Definition
1
2
GND
TXP
3
4
TXN
GND
5
6
RXN
RXP
7
GND
A RAID 0 or RAID 1 configuration requires at
least two hard drives.
Please connect the L-shaped end of the
SATA 3Gb/s cable to your SATA hard drive.
11) PWR_LED (System Power LED Header)
This header can be used to connect a system power LED on the chassis to indicate system power
status. The LED is on when the system is operating. The LED keeps blinking when the system is
in S1 sleep state. The LED is off when the system is in S3/S4 sleep state or powered off (S5).
Pin No.
1
1
2
3
Definition
MPD+
MPDMPD-
System Status LED
S0
On
S1
S3/S4/S5
- 29 -
Blinking
Off
Hardware Installation
12) BATTERY
The battery provides power to keep the values (such as BIOS configurations, date, and time
information) in the CMOS when the computer is turned off. Replace the battery when the battery
voltage drops to a low level, or the CMOS values may not be accurate or may be lost.
You may clear the CMOS values by removing the battery:
1. Turn off your computer and unplug the power cord.
2. Gently remove the battery from the battery holder and wait for one minute.
(Or use a metal object like a screwdriver to touch the positive and
negative terminals of the battery holder, making them short for 5 seconds.)
3. Replace the battery.
4. Plug in the power cord and restart your computer.
• Always turn off your computer and unplug the power cord before replacing the battery.
• Replace the battery with an equivalent one. Danger of explosion if the battery is replaced
with an incorrect model.
• Contact the place of purchase or local dealer if you are not able to replace the battery by
yourself or uncertain about the battery model.
• When installing the battery, note the orientation of the positive side (+) and the negative
side (-) of the battery (the positive side should face up).
• Used batteries must be handled in accordance with local environmental regulations.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 30 -
13) F_PANEL (Front Panel Header)
Connect the power switch, reset switch, speaker and system status indicator on the chassis front
panel to this header according to the pin assignments below. Note the positive and negative pins
before connecting the cables.
2
1
SPEAK-
Speaker
SPEAK+
Power
Switch
MSG+
MSGPW+
PW-
Message/Power/
Sleep LED
RES+
NC
HD+
Hard Drive
Activity LED
RES-
HD-
20
19
Reset
Switch
• MSG (Message/Power/Sleep LED, Yellow):
Connects to the power status indicator on the chassis front panel. The
System Status LED
LED is on when the system is operating. The LED keeps blinking when
S0
On
S1
Blinking the system is in S1 sleep state. The LED is off when the system is in
S3/S4/S5
Off
S3/S4 sleep state or powered off (S5).
• PW (Power Switch, Red):
Connects to the power switch on the chassis front panel. You may configure the way to turn off
your system using the power switch (refer to Chapter 2, "BIOS Setup," "Power Management
Setup," for more information).
• SPEAK (Speaker, Orange):
Connects to the speaker on the chassis front panel. The system reports system startup status
by issuing a beep code. One single short beep will be heard if no problem is detected at system
startup. If a problem is detected, the BIOS may issue beeps in different patterns to indicate the
problem. Refer to Chapter 5, "Troubleshooting," for information about beep codes.
• HD (Hard Drive Activity LED, Blue)
Connects to the hard drive activity LED on the chassis front panel. The LED is on when the hard
drive is reading or writing data.
• RES (Reset Switch, Green):
Connects to the reset switch on the chassis front panel. Press the reset switch to restart the
computer if the computer freezes and fails to perform a normal restart.
• NC (Purple):
No connection
The front panel design may differ by chassis. A front panel module mainly consists of
power switch, reset switch, power LED, hard drive activity LED, speaker and etc. When
connecting your chassis front panel module to this header, make sure the wire assignments and the pin assignments are matched correctly.
- 31 -
Hardware Installation
14) F_AUDIO (Front Panel Audio Header)
The front panel audio header supports Intel High Definition audio (HD) and AC'97 audio. You may
connect your chassis front panel audio module to this header. Make sure the wire assignments of
the module connector match the pin assignments of the motherboard header. Incorrect connection
between the module connector and the motherboard header will make the device unable to work
or even damage it.
10
9
2
1
For HD Front Panel Audio:
Pin No.
Definition
1
MIC2_L
For AC'97 Front Panel Audio:
Pin No.
Definition
1
MIC
2
3
GND
MIC2_R
2
3
GND
MIC Power
4
5
-ACZ_DET
LINE2_R
4
5
NC
Line Out (R)
6
7
GND
FAUDIO_JD
6
7
NC
NC
8
9
No Pin
LINE2_L
8
9
No Pin
Line Out (L)
10
GND
10
NC
• The front panel audio header supports HD audio by default. If your chassis provides an
AC'97 front panel audio module, refer to the instructions on how to activate AC'97 functionality via the audio software in Chapter 5, "Configuring 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio."
• Audio signals will be present on both of the front and back panel audio connections
simultaneously. If you want to mute the back panel audio (only supported when using an HD
front panel audio module), refer to Chapter 5, "Configuring 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio."
• Some chassis provide a front panel audio module that has separated connectors on each
wire instead of a single plug. For information about connecting the front panel audio
module that has different wire assignments, please contact the chassis manufacturer.
15) CD_IN (CD In Connector, Black)
You may connect the audio cable that came with your optical drive to the header.
Pin No.
1
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 32 -
Definition
1
2
CD-L
GND
3
4
GND
CD-R
16) SPDIF_IO (S/PDIF In/Out Header, Red)
This header supports digital S/PDIF in/out. Via an optional S/PDIF in and out cable, this header can
connect to an audio device that supports digital audio out and an audio system that supports digital
audio in. For purchasing the optional S/PDIF in and out cable, please contact the local dealer.
Pin No.
1
1
2
5
6
Definition
Power
2
3
No Pin
SPDIF
4
5
SPDIFI
GND
6
GND
17) F_USB1/F_USB2 (USB Headers, Yellow)
The headers conform to USB 2.0/1.1 specification. Each USB header can provide two USB ports
via an optional USB bracket. For purchasing the optional USB bracket, please contact the local
dealer.
9
1
10
2
Pin No.
Definition
1
2
Power (5V)
Power (5V)
3
4
USB DXUSB DY-
5
6
USB DX+
USB DY+
7
8
GND
GND
9
10
No Pin
NC
• Do not plug the IEEE 1394 bracket (2x5-pin) cable into the USB header.
• Prior to installing the USB bracket, be sure to turn off your computer and unplug the
power cord from the power outlet to prevent damage to the USB bracket.
- 33 -
Hardware Installation
18) F_1394 (IEEE 1394a Header, Gray)
The header conform to IEEE 1394a specification. Each IEEE 1394a header can provide one IEEE
1394a port via an optional IEEE 1394a bracket. For purchasing the optional IEEE 1394a bracket,
please contact the local dealer.
Pin No.
1
9
1
10
2
Definition
TPA+
2
3
TPAGND
4
5
GND
TPB+
6
7
TPBPower (12V)
8
9
Power (12V)
No Pin
10
GND
• Do not plug the USB bracket cable into the IEEE 1394a header.
• Prior to installing the IEEE 1394a bracket, be sure to turn off your computer and unplug
the power cord from the power outlet to prevent damage to the IEEE 1394a bracket.
• To connect an IEEE 1394a device, attach one end of the device cable to your computer
and then attach the other end of the cable to the IEEE 1394a device. Ensure that the cable
is securely connected.
19) LPT (Parallel Port Header)
The LPT header can provide one parallel port via an optional LPT port cable. For purchasing the
optional LPT port cable, please contact the local dealer.
25
1
2
26
Pin No.
1
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 34 -
Definition
STB-
Pin No.
14
Definition
GND
2
3
AFDPD0
15
16
PD6
GND
4
5
ERRPD1
17
18
PD7
GND
6
7
INITPD2
19
20
ACKGND
8
9
SLINPD3
21
22
BUSY
GND
10
11
GND
PD4
23
24
PE
No Pin
12
13
GND
PD5
25
26
SLCT
GND
20) COM (Serial Port Header, White)
The COM header can provide one serial port via an optional COM port cable. For purchasing the
optional COM port cable, please contact the local dealer.
Pin No.
9
1
10
2
Definition
1
2
NDCD NSIN
3
4
NSOUT
NDTR -
5
6
GND
NDSR -
7
8
NRTS NCTS -
9
10
NRI No Pin
21) CI (Chassis Intrusion Header)
This motherboard provides a chassis detection feature that detects if the chassis cover has been
removed. This function requires a chassis with chassis intrusion detection design.
Pin No.
1
- 35 -
1
2
Definition
Signal
GND
Hardware Installation
22) CLR_CMOS (Clearing CMOS Jumper)
Use this jumper to clear the CMOS values (e.g. date information and BIOS configurations) and
reset the CMOS values to factory defaults. To clear the CMOS values, place a jumper cap on the
two pins to temporarily short the two pins or use a metal object like a screwdriver to touch the two
pins for a few seconds.
Open: Normal
Short: Clear CMOS Values
• Always turn off your computer and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before
clearing the CMOS values.
• After clearing the CMOS values and before turning on your computer, be sure to remove
the jumper cap from the jumper. Failure to do so may cause damage to the motherboard.
• After system restart, go to BIOS Setup to load factory defaults (select Load Optimized
Defaults) or manually configure the BIOS settings (refer to Chapter 2, "BIOS Setup," for
BIOS configurations).
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 36 -
Chapter 2 BIOS Setup
BIOS (Basic Input and Output System) records hardware parameters of the system in the CMOS on the
motherboard. Its major functions include conducting the Power-On Self-Test (POST) during system
startup, saving system parameters and loading operating system, etc. BIOS includes a BIOS Setup
program that allows the user to modify basic system configuration settings or to activate certain system
features. When the power is turned off, the battery on the motherboard supplies the necessary power
to the CMOS to keep the configuration values in the CMOS.
To access the BIOS Setup program, press the <Delete> key during the POST when the power is turned
on. To see more advanced BIOS Setup menu options, you can press <Ctrl> + <F1> in the main menu
of the BIOS Setup program.
To upgrade the BIOS, use either the GIGABYTE Q-Flash or @BIOS utility.
• Q-Flash allows the user to quickly and easily upgrade or back up BIOS without entering the
operating system.
• @BIOS is a Windows-based utility that searches and downloads the latest version of BIOS from the
Internet and updates the BIOS.
For instructions on using the Q-Flash and @BIOS utilities, refer to Chapter 4, "BIOS Update Utilities."
• Because BIOS flashing is potentially risky, if you do not encounter problems using the
current version of BIOS, it is recommended that you not flash the BIOS. To flash the BIOS,
do it with caution. Inadequate BIOS flashing may result in system malfunction.
• BIOS will emit a beep code during the POST. Refer to Chapter 5, "Troubleshooting," for the
beep codes description.
• It is recommended that you not alter the default settings (unless you need to) to prevent
system instability or other unexpected results. Inadequately altering the settings may result
in system's failure to boot. If this occurs, try to clear the CMOS values and reset the board
to default values. (Refer to the "Load Optimized Defaults" section in this chapter or introductions of the battery/clearing CMOS jumper in Chapter 1 for how to clear the CMOS values.)
- 37 -
BIOS Setup
2-1
Startup Screen
The following screens may appear when the computer boots.
A. The LOGO Screen (Default)
Function Keys
B. The POST Screen
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2009, Award Software, Inc.
Motherboard Model
BIOS Version
GA-MA790FX-UD5P E8
.
.
.
.
<DEL>: BIOS Setup <F9>: XpressRecovery2 <F12>: Boot Menu <End>: Qflash
02/03/2009-RD790-SB750-7A66AG06C-00
Function Keys
Function Keys:
<TAB>: POST SCREEN
Press the <Tab> key to show the BIOS POST screen. To show the BIOS POST screen at system
startup, refer to the instructions on the Full Screen LOGO Show item on page 49.
<DEL>: BIOS SETUP\Q-FLASH
Press the <Delete> key to enter BIOS Setup or to access the Q-Flash utility in BIOS Setup.
<F9>: XPRESS RECOVERY2
If you have ever entered Xpress Recovery2 to back up hard drive data using the motherboard
driver disk, the <F9> key can be used for subsequent access to XpressRecovery2 during the
POST. For more information, refer to Chapter 4, "Xpress Recovery2."
<F12>: BOOT MENU
Boot Menu allows you to set the first boot device without entering BIOS Setup. In Boot Menu, use
the up arrow key < > or the down arrow key< > to select the first boot device, then press <Enter>
to accept. To exit Boot Menu, press <Esc>. The system will directly boot from the device
configured in Boot Menu.
Note: The setting in Boot Menu is effective for one time only. After system restart, the device boot
order will still be based on BIOS Setup settings. You can access Boot Menu again to change the first
boot device setting as needed.
<End>: Q-FLASH
Press the <End> key to access the Q-Flash utility directly without having to enter BIOS Setup first.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 38 -
2-2
The Main Menu
Once you enter the BIOS Setup program, the Main Menu (as shown below) appears on the screen. Use
arrow keys to move among the items and press <Enter> to accept or enter a sub-menu.
(Sample BIOS Version: E8)
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
PC Health Status
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
BIOS Setup Program Function Keys
< >< ><
<Enter>
<Esc>
><
<Page Up>
<Page Down>
<F1>
<F2>
<F5>
<F6>
<F7>
<F8>
<F9>
<F10>
<F11>
<F12>
>
Move the selection bar to select an item
Execute command or enter the submenu
Main Menu: Exit the BIOS Setup program
Submenus: Exit current submenu
Increase the numeric value or make changes
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
Show descriptions of the function keys
Move cursor to the Item Help block on the right (submenus only)
Restore the previous BIOS settings for the current submenus
Load the Fail-Safe BIOS default settings for the current submenus
Load the Optimized BIOS default settings for the current submenus
Access the Q-Flash utility
Display system information
Save all the changes and exit the BIOS Setup program
Save CMOS to BIOS
Load CMOS from BIOS
Main Menu Help
The onscreen description of a highlighted setup option is displayed on the bottom line of the Main Menu.
Submenu Help
While in a submenu, press <F1> to display a help screen (General Help) of function keys available for
the menu. Press <Esc> to exit the help screen. Help for each item is in the Item Help block on the right
side of the submenu.
• If you do not find the settings you want in the Main Menu or a submenu, press <Ctrl>+<F1>
to access more advanced options.
• When the system is not stable as usual, select the Load Optimized Defaults item to set
your system to its defaults.
• The BIOS Setup menus described in this chapter are for reference only and may differ by
BIOS version.
- 39 -
BIOS Setup
 The Functions of the <F11> and <F12> keys (For the Main Menu Only)
 F11 : Save CMOS to BIOS
This function allows you to save the current BIOS settings to a profile. You can create up to 8
profiles (Profile 1-8) and name each profile. First enter the profile name (to erase the default profile
name, use the SPACE key) and then press <Enter> to complete.
 F12 : Load CMOS from BIOS
If your system becomes unstable and you have loaded the BIOS default settings, you can use this
function to load the BIOS settings from a profile created before, without the hassles of reconfiguring
the BIOS settings. First select the profile you wish to load, then press <Enter> to complete.
 MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Use this menu to configure the clock, frequency and voltages of your CPU, memory, etc.
 Standard CMOS Features
Use this menu to configure the system time and date, hard drive types, floppy disk drive types,
and the type of errors that stop the system boot, etc.
 Advanced BIOS Features
Use this menu to configure the device boot order, advanced features available on the CPU, and
the primary display adapter.
 Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to configure all peripheral devices, such as IDE, SATA, USB, integrated audio, and
integrated LAN, etc.
 Power Management Setup
Use this menu to configure all the power-saving functions.
 PC Health Status
Use this menu to see information about autodetected system/CPU temperature, system voltage
and fan speed, etc.
 Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Fail-Safe defaults are factory settings for the most stable, minimal-performance system operations.
 Load Optimized Defaults
Optimized defaults are factory settings for optimal-performance system operations.
 Set Supervisor Password
Change, set, or disable password. It allows you to restrict access to the system and BIOS Setup.
A supervisor password allows you to make changes in BIOS Setup.
 Set User Password
Change, set, or disable password. It allows you to restrict access to the system and BIOS Setup.
An user password only allows you to view the BIOS settings but not to make changes.
 Save & Exit Setup
Save all the changes made in the BIOS Setup program to the CMOS and exit BIOS Setup.
(Pressing <F10> can also carry out this task.)
 Exit Without Saving
Abandon all changes and the previous settings remain in effect. Pressing <Y> to the confirmation
message will exit BIOS Setup. (Pressing <Esc> can also carry out this task.)
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 40 -
2-3
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
CPU Clock Ratio
CPU NorthBridge Freq. (Note)
CPU Host Clock Control
x CPU Frequency (MHz)
PCIE Clock (MHz)
HT Link Frequency
Set Memory Clock
x Memory Clock
 DRAM Configuration
******** System Voltage Optimized
System Voltage Control
x DDR2 Voltage Control
x SB/HT Voltage Control
x NB/PCIe/PLL Voltage Control
x CPU PLL Voltage Control
x DDR VTT Voltage Control
x NB Voltage Control
x CPU NB VID Control (Note)
x CPU Voltage Control
[Auto] 2700 Mhz
[Auto] 2000 Mhz
[Auto]
200
[Auto]
[Auto]
2600 Mhz
[Auto]
x2.66
533Mhz
[Press Enter]
********
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
[Auto]
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
F10: Save
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Normal CPU Vcore
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
1.3500V
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
• Whether the system will work stably with the overclock/overvoltage settings you made is
dependent on your overall system configurations. Incorrectly doing overclock/overvoltage
may result in damage to CPU, chipset, or memory and reduce the useful life of these
components. This page is for advanced users only and we recommend you not to alter the
default settings to prevent system instability or other unexpected results. (Inadequately alter
ing the settings may result in system's failure to boot. If this occurs, clear the CMOS values
and reset the board to default values.)
• When the System Voltage Optimized item blinks in red, it is recommended that you set
the System Voltage Control item to Auto to optimize the system voltage settings.
(Note)
This item is present only if you install a CPU that supports this feature.
- 41 -
BIOS Setup
CPU Clock Ratio
Allows you to alter the clock ratio for the installed CPU. The adjustable range is dependent on the
CPU being used.
CPU NorthBridge Freq.(Note)
Allows you to alter the North Bridge controller frequency for the installed CPU. The adjustable
range is dependent on the CPU being used.
CPU Host Clock Control
Enables or disables the control of CPU host clock. Auto (default) allows BIOS to automatically
adjust the CPU host frequency. Manual allows the CPU Frequency (Mhz) item below to be
configurable. Note: If your system fails to boot after overclocking, please wait for 20 seconds to
allow for automated system reboot, or clear the CMOS values to reset the board to default values.
CPU Frequency (Mhz)
Allows you to manually set the CPU host frequency. The adjustable range is from 200 MHz to
500 MHz.
Important It is highly recommended that the CPU frequency be set in accordance with the CPU
specifications.
PCIE Clock (MHz)
Allows you to manually set the PCIe clock frequency. The adjustable range is from 100 MHz to
200 MHz. Auto sets the PCIe clock frequency to standard 100 MHz. (Default: Auto)
HT Link Frequency
Allows you to manually set the frequency for the HT Link between the CPU and chipset.
Auto
BIOS will automatically adjust the HT Link Frequency. (Default)
X1~X13
Sets HT Link Frequency to X1~X13 (200 MHz~2.6 GHz).
Set Memory Clock
Determines whether to manually set the memory clock. Auto lets BIOS automatically set the
memory clock as required. Manual allows the memory clock control item below to be configurable.
(Default: Auto)
Memory Clock
This option is configurable only when Set Memory Clock is set to Manual.
When you use an AM2 CPU:
DDR 400
Sets Memory Clock to DDR 400.
DDR 533
Sets Memory Clock to DDR 533.
DDR 667
Sets Memory Clock to DDR 667.
DDR 800
Sets Memory Clock to DDR 800.
When you use an AM2+ CPU:
X2.00
Sets Memory Clock to X2.00.
X2.66
Sets Memory Clock to X2.66.
X3.33
Sets Memory Clock to X3.33.
X4.00
Sets Memory Clock to X4.00.
X5.33
Sets Memory Clock to X5.33.
When you use an AM3 CPU:
x4.00
Sets Memory Clock to x4.00.
x5.33
Sets Memory Clock to x5.33.
x6.66
Sets Memory Clock to x6.66.
X8.00
Sets Memory Clock to X8.00.
(Note)
This item is present only if you install a CPU that supports this feature.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 42 -
DRAM Configuration
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
DRAM Configuration
(Note)
DCTs Mode
CPU Host Clock Control
x CPU Frequency (MHz)
Set Memory Clock
x Memory Clock
DDRII Timing Items
x CAS# latency
x RAS to CAS R/W Delay
x Row Precharge Time
x Minimum RAS Active Time
x 1T/2T Command Timing
x TwTr Command Delay
x Trfc0 for DIMM1
x Trfc2 for DIMM2
x Trfc1 for DIMM3
x Trfc3 for DIMM4
x Write Recovery Time
x Precharge Time
x Row Cycle Time
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Unganged]
[Auto]
200
[Auto]
x2.66
533Mhz
[Auto]
SPD
Auto
7T
Auto
7T
Auto
7T
Auto
20T
Auto
-Auto
5T
Auto
90ns
Auto
-Auto
-Auto
-Auto
10T
Auto
3T
Auto
11T
Item Help
Menu Level
Auto
5T
4T
4T
12T
-2T
90ns
---10T
3T
11T
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
x RAS to RAS Delay
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
Auto
4T
4T
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
DCTs Mode (Note)
Allows you to set memory control mode.
Ganged
Sets memory control mode to single dual-channel.
Unganged
Sets memory control mode to two single-channel.
CPU Host Clock Control, CPU Frequency (MHz), Set Memory Clock, Memory Clock
The settings under the four items above are synchronous to those under the same items in the
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.).
DDRII Timing Items
Manual allows all DDR2 Timing items below to be configurable.
Options are: Auto (default), Manual.
(Note)
This item is present only if you install a CPU that supports this feature.
- 43 -
BIOS Setup
CAS# latency
Options are: Auto (default), 3T~7T.
RAS to CAS R/W Delay
Options are: Auto (default), 3T~6T.
Row Precharge Time
Options are: Auto (default), 3T~6T.
Minimum RAS Active Time
Options are: Auto (default), 5T~18T.
1T/2T Command Timing
Options are: 1T (default), 2T.
TwTr Command Delay
Options are: Auto (default), 1T~3T.
Trfc0 for DIMM1
Options are: 75ns, 105ns (default), 127.5ns, 195ns, 327.5ns.
Trfc2 for DIMM2
Options are: 75ns, 105ns, 127.5ns, 195ns, 327.5ns.
Trfc1 for DIMM3
Options are: 75ns, 105ns, 127.5ns, 195ns, 327.5ns.
Trfc3 for DIMM4
Options are: 75ns, 105ns, 127.5ns, 195ns, 327.5ns.
Write Recovery Time
Options are: Auto (default), 3T~6T.
Precharge Time
Options are: Auto (default), 2T, 3T.
Row Cycle Time
Options are: Auto (default), 11T~26T.
RAS to RAS Delay
Options are: Auto (default), 2T~5T.
********
System Voltage Optimized
********
System Voltage Control
Determines whether to manually set the system voltages. Auto lets BIOS automatically set the
system voltages as required. Manual allows all voltage control items below to be configurable.
(Default: Auto)
DDR2 Voltage Control
Allows you to set memory voltage.
Normal
Supplies the memory voltage as required. (Default)
+0.1V ~ +0.7V
Increases memory voltage by 0.1V to 0.7V at 0.1V increment.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 44 -
SB/HT Voltage Control
Allows you to set the South Bridge/HT Link voltage.
Normal
Supplies the South Bridge/HT Link voltage as required. (Default)
+0.1V ~ +0.3V
Increases South Bridge/HT Link voltage by 0.1V to 0.3V at 0.1V increment.
NB/PCIe/PLL Voltage Control
Allows you to set the North Bridge PCIe PLL voltage.
Normal
Supplies the PCIe PLL voltage as required. (Default)
+0.1V ~ +0.3V
Increases PCIe PLL voltage by 0.1V to 0.3V at 0.1V increment.
CPU PLL Voltage Control
Allows you to to set CPU PLL voltage.
Normal
Supplies the CPU PLL voltage as required. (Default)
2.500V~3.100V
Adjusts the CPU PLL voltage, ranging from 2.500V to 3.100V.
DDR VTT Voltage Control
Allows you to to set memory VTT voltage.
Normal
Supplies the memory VTT voltage as required. (Default)
0.900V~1.200V
Adjusts the memory VTT voltage, ranging from 0.900V to 1.200V.
NB Voltage Control
Allows you to set the North Bridge voltage.
Normal
Supplies the North Bridge voltage as required. (Default)
1.100V~1.600V
Adjusts the North Bridge voltage, ranging from 1.100V to 1.600V.
CPU NB VID Control (Note)
Allows you to set the CPU Northbridge VID voltage. Auto sets the CPU Northbridge VID voltage as
required. (Default: Normal)
Note: Increasing CPU voltage may result in damage to your CPU or reduce the useful life of the CPU.
CPU Voltage Control
Allows you to set the CPU voltage. Auto sets the CPU voltage as required. The adjustable
range is dependent on the CPU being installed. (Default: Normal)
Note: Increasing CPU voltage may result in damage to your CPU or reduce the useful life of the
CPU.
Normal CPU Vcore
Displays the normal operating voltage of your CPU.
(Note)
This item is present only if you install a CPU that supports this feature.
- 45 -
BIOS Setup
2-4
Standard CMOS Features
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Standard CMOS Features








Date (mm:dd:yy)
Time (hh:mm:ss)
Tue, Jan 6 2009
18:25:04
IDE Channel 0 Master
IDE Channel 0 Slave
IDE Channel 1 Master
IDE Channel 1 Slave
IDE Channel 2 Master
IDE Channel 2 Slave
IDE Channel 3 Master
IDE Channel 3 Slave
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
Drive A
Floppy 3 Mode Support
[1.44M, 3.5"]
[Disabled]
Halt On
[All, But Keyboard]
Base Memory
Extended Memory
640K
510M
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Default
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Date
Sets the system date. The date format is week (read-only), month, date and year. Select the
desired field and use the up arrow or down arrow key to set the date.
Time
Sets the system time. For example, 1 p.m. is 13:0:0. Select the desired field and use the up arrow
or down arrow key to set the time.
IDE Channel 0, 1 Master/Slave
IDE HDD Auto-Detection
Press <Enter> to autodetect the parameters of the IDE/SATA device on this channel.
IDE Channel 0, 1 Master/Slave
Configure your IDE/SATA devices by using one of the two methods below:
• Auto
Lets BIOS automatically detect IDE/SATA devices during the POST. (Default)
• None
If no IDE/SATA devices are used, set this item to None so the system will
skip the detection of the device during the POST for faster system startup.
Access Mode
Sets the hard drive access mode. Options are: Auto (default), CHS, LBA,
Large.
IDE Channel 2, 3, Master/Slave
IDE Auto-Detection
Press <Enter> to autodetect the parameters of the IDE/SATA device on this channel.
Extended IDE Drive Configure your IDE/SATA devices by using one of the two methods below:
• Auto
Lets BIOS automatically detect IDE/SATA devices during the POST. (Default)
• None
If no IDE/SATA devices are used, set this item to None so the system will
skip the detection of the device during the POST for faster system startup.
Access Mode
Sets the hard drive access mode. Options are: Auto (default), Large.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 46 -
The following fields display your hard drive specifications. If you wish to enter the parameters
manually, refer to the information on the hard drive.
Capacity
Approximate capacity of the currently installed hard drive.
Cylinder
Number of cylinders.
Head
Number of heads.
Precomp
Write precompensation cylinder.
Landing Zone
Landing zone.
Sector
Number of sectors.
Drive A
Allows you to selects the type of floppy disk drive installed in your system. If you do not install a
floppy disk drive, set this item to None. Options are: None, 360K/5.25", 1.2M/5.25", 720K/3.5",
1.44M/3.5", 2.88M/3.5".
Floppy 3 Mode Support
Allows you to specify whether the installed floppy disk drive is 3-mode floppy disk drive, a
Japanese standard floppy disk drive. Options are: Disabled (default), Drive A.
Halt On
Allows you to determine whether the system will stop for an error during the POST.
All Errors
Whenever the BIOS detects a non-fatal error the system boot will stop.
No Errors
The system boot will not stop for any error.
All, But Keyboard The system boot will not stop for a keyboard error but stop for all other
errors. (Default)
All, But Diskette
The system boot will not stop for a floppy disk drive error but stop for all
other errors.
All, But Disk/Key The system boot will not stop for a keyboard or a floppy disk drive error but
it will stop for all other errors.
Memory
These fields are read-only and are determined by the BIOS POST.
Base Memory
Also called conventional memory. Typically, 640 KB will be reserved for
the MS-DOS operating system.
Extended Memory The amount of extended memory.
- 47 -
BIOS Setup
2-5
Advanced BIOS Features
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Advanced BIOS Features
Virtualization
AMD K8 Cool&Quiet control
 Hard Disk Boot Priority
First Boot Device
Second Boot Device
Third Boot Device
Password Check
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
Away Mode
Full Screen LOGO Show
Init Display First
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Disabled]
[Auto]
[Press Enter]
[Floppy]
[Hard Disk]
[CDROM]
[Setup]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[PCI Slot]
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Virtualization
Virtualization allows a platform to run multiple operating systems and applications in independent
partitions. With virtualization, one computer system can function as multiple virtual systems.
(Default: Disabled)
AMD K8 Cool&Quiet control
Auto
Disabled
Lets the AMD Cool'n'Quiet driver dynamically adjust the CPU clock and VID to
reduce heat output from your computer and its power consumption. (Default)
Disables this function.
Hard Disk Boot Priority
Specifies the sequence of loading the operating system from the installed hard drives. Use the up
or down arrow key to select a hard drive, then press the plus key <+> (or <PageUp>) or the minus
key <-> (or <PageDown>) to move it up or down on the list. Press <Esc> to exit this menu when
finished.
First/Second/Third Boot Device
Specifies the boot order from the available devices. Use the up or down arrow key to select a
device and press <Enter> to accept. Options are: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP,
USB-FDD, USB-ZIP, USB-CDROM, USB-HDD, Legacy LAN, Disabled.
Password Check
Specifies whether a password is required every time the system boots, or only when you enter
BIOS Setup. After configuring this item, set the password(s) under the Set Supervisor/User
Password item in the BIOS Main Menu.
Setup
A password is only required for entering the BIOS Setup program. (Default)
System
A password is required for booting the system and for entering the BIOS Setup
program.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 48 -
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
Enables or disables the S.M.A.R.T. (Self Monitoring and Reporting Technology) capability of your
hard drive. This feature allows your system to report read/write errors of the hard drive and to
issue warnings when a third party hardware monitor utility is installed. (Default: Disabled)
Away Mode
Enables or disables Away Mode in Windows XP Media Center operating system. Away Mode
allows the system to silently perform unattended tasks while in a low-power mode that appears off
(Default: Disabled)
Full Screen LOGO Show
Allows you to determine whether to display the GIGABYTE Logo at system startup. Disabled
displays normal POST message. (Default: Enabled)
Init Display First
Specifies the first initiation of the monitor display from the installed PCI graphics card or PCI
Express graphics card.
PCI Slot
Sets the PCI graphics card as the first display. (Default)
PEG
Sets the PCI Express graphics card on the PCIEX16_1 slot as the first display.
PEG1
Sets the PCI Express graphics card on the PCIEX16_2 slot as the first display.
- 49 -
BIOS Setup
2-6
Integrated Peripherals
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
OnChip IDE Channel
OnChip SATA Type
x OnChip SATA Port4/5 Type
Onboard SATA/IDE Device
Onboard SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode
Onboard Audio Function
 Onboard LAN device
Onboard 1394 Function
OnChip USB Controller
USB EHCI Controller
USB Keyboard Support
USB Mouse Support
Legacy USB storage detect
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
x ECP Mode Use DMA
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Enabled]
[Native IDE]
IDE
[Enabled]
[IDE]
[Enabled]
[Press Enter]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[378/IRQ7]
[SPP]
3
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
OnChip IDE Channel
Enables or disables the integrated IDE controller. (Default: Enabled)
OnChip SATA Type (AMD SB750 South Bridge, SATA2_0~SATA2_3 connectors)
Configures the operating mode of the integrated SATA2_0~SATA2_3 controller.
Native IDE
Allows the SATA controller to operate in Native IDE mode. (Default)
Enable Native IDE mode if you wish to install operating systems that
support Native mode.
RAID
Enables RAID for the SATA controller.
AHCI
Configures the SATA controller to AHCI mode. Advanced Host Controller
Interface (AHCI) is an interface specification that allows the storage driver to
enable advanced Serial ATA features such as Native Command Queuing
and hot plug.
OnChip SATA Port4/5 Type (SATA2_4/SATA2_5 connectors)
This option is configurable only when OnChip SATA Type is set to RAID or AHCI. Configures the
operating mode of the integrated SATA2_4/SATA2_5 connectors.
IDE
Disables RAID for the SATA controller and configures the SATA controller to
PATA mode. (Default)
As SATA Type
The mode depends on the OnChip SATA Type settings.
Onboard SATA/IDE Device (GIGABYTE SATA2 Chip, GSATA2_0/1 connectors)
Enables or disables the SATA controller integrated in the GIGABYTE SATA 2 chip. (Default:
Enabled)
Onboard SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode (GIGABYTE SATA2 Chip, GSATA2_0/1 connectors)
Enables or disables RAID for the SATA controller integrated in the GIGABYTE SATA 2 chip or
configures the SATA controller to AHCI mode.
IDE
Disables RAID for the SATA controller and configures the SATA controller to
PATA mode. (Default)
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 50 -
AHCI
RAID
Configures the SATA controller to AHCI mode. Advanced Host Controller
Interface (AHCI) is an interface specification that allows the storage driver to
enable advanced Serial ATA features such as Native Command Queuing and
hot plug.
Enables RAID for the SATA controller.
Onboard Audio Function
Enables or disables the onboard audio function. (Default: Enabled)
If you wish to install a 3rd party add-in audio card instead of using the onboard audio, set this item
to Disabled.
Onboard LAN device
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Onboard LAN device
Green LAN
Onboard LAN1 Function
Onboard LAN1 Boot ROM
 SMART LAN1
Onboard LAN2 Function
Onboard LAN2 Boot ROM
 SMART LAN2
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Press Enter]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Press Enter]
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Green LAN
When the onboard LAN function and Green LAN are enabed, the system will dynamically detects
if a LAN cable is connected or not. If not, the corresponding LAN controller will be disabled
automatically. (Default: Disabled)
Onboard LAN1/2 Function (LAN1/2 Port)
Enables or disables the onboard LAN function. (Default: Enabled)
If you wish to install a 3rd party add-in network card instead of using the onboard LAN, set this item
to Disabled.
Onboard LAN1/2 Boot ROM (LAN1/2 Port)
Allows you to decide whether to activate the boot ROM integrated with the onboard LAN chip.
(Default: Disabled)
- 51 -
BIOS Setup
SMART LAN1/2 (LAN Cable Diagnostic Function)
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
SMART LAN
Start detecting at Port.....
Part1-2 Status = Open
Part3-6 Status = Open
Part4-5 Status = Open
Part7-8 Status = Open
/
/
/
/
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
Length
Length
Length
Length
=
=
=
=
Item Help
Menu Level
0m
0m
0m
0m
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
This motherboard incorporates cable diagnostic feature designed to detect the status of the attached LAN
cable. This feature will detect cabling issue and report the approximate distance to the fault or short.
Refer to the following information for diagnosing your LAN cable:
When No LAN Cable Is Attached...
If no LAN cable is attached to the motherboard, the Status fields of all four pairs of wires will show
Open and the Length fields show 0m, as shown in the figure above.
When LAN Cable Is Functioning Normally...
If no cable problem is detected on the LAN cable connected to a Gigabit hub or a 10/100 Mbps hub,
the following message will appear:
Start detecting at Port.....
Link Detected --> 100Mbps
Cable Length= 30m
Link Detected
Cable Length
Displays transmission speed
Displays the approximate length of the attached LAN cable.
Note: The Gigabit hub will only operate at a speed of 10/100 Mbps in MS-DOS mode; it will operate
at a normal speed of 10/100/1000 Mbps in Windows mode or when the LAN Boot ROM is
activated.
When a Cable Problem Occurs...
If a cable problem occurs on a specified pair of wires, the Status field will show Short and
thenlength shown will be the approximate distance to the fault or short.
Example: Part1-2 Status = Short / Length
=
2m
Explanation: A fault or short might occur at about 2m on Part 1-2.
Note: Part 4-5 and Part 7-8 are not used in a 10/100 Mbps environment, so their Status fields will
show Open, and the length shown is the approximate length of the attached LAN cable.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 52 -
Onboard 1394 Function
Enables or disables the onboard IEEE 1394 function. (Default: Enabled)
OnChip USB Controller
Enables or disables the integrated USB 1.1 controller. (Default: Enabled)
USB EHCI Controller
Enables or disables the integrated USB 2.0 controller. (Default: Enabled)
USB Keyboard Support
Allows USB keyboard to be used in MS-DOS. (Default: Enabled)
USB Mouse Support
Allows USB mouse to be used in MS-DOS. (Default: Disabled)
Legacy USB storage detect
Determines whether to detect USB storage devices, including USB flash drives and USB hard
drives during the POST. (Default: Enabled)
Onboard Serial Port 1
Enables or disables the first serial port and specifies its base I/O address and corresponding
interrupt. Options are: Auto, 2F8/IRQ3, 3F8/IRQ4(default), 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, Disabled.
Onboard Parallel Port
Enables or disables the onboard parallel port (LPT) and specifies its base I/O address and
corresponding interrupt. Options are: 378/IRQ7 (default), 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
Selects an operating mode for the onboard parallel (LPT) port. Options are: SPP (Standard Parallel
Port)(default), EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port), ECP (Extended Capabilities Port), ECP+EPP.
ECP Mode Use DMA
Selects DMA channel for the LPT port in ECP mode. This item is configurable only if Parallel Port
Mode is set to ECP or ECP+EPP mode. Options are: 3 (default), 1.
- 53 -
BIOS Setup
2-7
Power Management Setup
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Power Management Setup
ACPI Suspend Type
Soft-Off by Power button
USB Wake Up from S3
Modem Ring Resume
PME Event Wake Up
HPET Support (Note)
Power On By Mouse
Power On By Keyboard
x KB Power ON Password
AC Back Function
Power-On by Alarm
x Date (of Month)
x Resume Time (hh:mm:ss)
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[S3(STR)]
[Instant-off]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
Enter
[Soft-Off]
[Disabled]
Everyday
0:0:0
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
ACPI Suspend Type
Specifies the ACPI sleep state when the system enters suspend.
S1(POS)
Enables the system to enter the ACPI S1 (Power on Suspend) sleep state.
In S1 sleep state, the system appears suspended and stays in a low power
mode. The system can be resumed at any time.
S3(STR)
Enables the system to enter the ACPI S3 (Suspend to RAM) sleep state
(default). In S3 sleep state, the system appears to be off and consumes less
power than in the S1 state. When signaled by a wake-up device or event,
the system resumes to its working state exactly where it was left off.
Soft-Off by Power button
Configures the way to turn off the computer in MS-DOS mode using the power button.
Instant-Off
Press the power button and then the system will be turned off instantly.
(Default)
Delay 4 Sec.
Press and hold the power button for 4 seconds to turn off the system. If the
power button is pressed for less than 4 seconds, the system will enter
suspend mode.
USB Wake Up from S3
Allows the system to be awakened from ACPI S3 sleep state by a wake-up signal from the
installed USB device. (Default: Enabled)
Modem Ring Resume
Allows the system to be awakened from an ACPI sleep state by a wake-up signal from a modem
that supports wake-up function. (Default: Disabled)
(Note)
Supported on Windows ® Vista ® operating system only.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 54 -
PME Event Wake Up
Allows the system to be awakened from an ACPI sleep state by a wake-up signal from a PCI or
PCIe device. Note: To use this function, you need an ATX power supply providing at least 1A on
the +5VSB lead. (Default: Enabled)
HPET Support (Note)
Enables or disables High Precision Event Timer (HPET) for Windows ® Vista ® operating system.
(Default: Enabled)
Power On By Mouse
Allows the system to be turned on by a PS/2 mouse wake-up event.
Note: To use this function, you need an ATX power supply providing at least 1A on the +5VSB lead.
Disabled
Disables this function. (Default)
Double Click
Double click on left button on the PS/2 mouse to turn on the system.
Power On By Keyboard
Allows the system to be turned on by a PS/2 keyboard wake-up event.
Note: you need an ATX power supply providing at least 1A on the +5VSB lead.
Disabled
Disables this function. (Default)
Password
Set a password with 1~5 characters to turn on the system.
Any KEY
Press any key on the keyboard to turn on the system.
Keyboard 98
Press POWER button on the Windows 98 keyboard to turn on the system.
KB Power ON Password
Set the password when Power On by Keyboard is set to Password. Press <Enter> on this item
and set a password with up to 5 characters and then press <Enter> to accept. To turn on the
system, enter the password and press <Enter>.
Note: To cancel the password, press <Enter> on this item. When prompted for the password, press
<Enter> again without entering the password to clear the password settings.
AC Back Function
Determines the state of the system after the return of power from an AC power loss.
Soft-Off
The system stays off upon the return of the AC power. (Default)
Full-On
The system is turned on upon the return of the AC power.
Memory
The system returns to its last known awake state upon the return of the AC
power.
Power-On by Alarm
Determines whether to power on the system at a desired time. (Default: Disabled)
If enabled, set the date and time as following:
Date (of Month): Turn on the system at a specific time on each day or on a specific day in a
month.
Resume Time (hh: mm: ss): Set the time at which the system will be powered on automatically.
Note: When using this function, avoid inadequate shutdown from the operating system or removal
of the AC power, or the settings may not be effective.
(Note)
Supported on Windows ® Vista ® operating system only.
- 55 -
BIOS Setup
2-8
PC Health Status
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
PC Health Status
Reset Case Open Status
Case Opened
Vcore
DDR2 1.8V
+3.3V
+12V
Current System Temperature
Current CPU Temperature
Current CPU FAN Speed
Current SYSTEM FAN1 Speed
Current SYSTEM FAN2 Speed
Current POWER FAN Speed
CPU Warning Temperature
CPU FAN Fail Warning
SYSTEM FAN1 Fail Warning
SYSTEM FAN2 Fail Warning
NB FAN Fail Warning
POWER FAN Fail Warning
CPU Smart FAN Control
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Disabled]
No
1.376V
1.840V
3.328V
12.112V
30oC
47oC
3375 RPM
0
RPM
0
RPM
0
RPM
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
F10: Save
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
PC Health Status
CPU Smart FAN Mode
System Smart FAN Control
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
Item Help
Menu Level
[Auto]
[Enabled]
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Reset Case Open Status
Keeps or clears the record of previous chassis intrusion status. Enabled clears the record of
previous chassis intrusion status and the Case Opened field will show "No" at next boot. (Default:
Disabled)
Case Opened
Displays the detection status of the chassis intrusion detection device attached to the motherboard
CI header. If the system chassis cover is removed, this field will show "Yes", otherwise it will
show "No". To clear the chassis intrusion status record, set Reset Case Open Status to Enabled,
save the settings to CMOS, and then restart your system.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 56 -
Current Voltage(V) Vcore/DDR2 1.8V/+3.3V/+12V
Displays the current system voltages.
Current System/CPU Temperature
Displays current system/CPU temperature.
Current CPU/SYSTEM/POWER FAN Speed (RPM)
Displays current CPU/system/power fan speed.
CPU Warning Temperature
Sets the warning threshold for CPU temperature. When CPU temperature exceeds the threshold,
BIOS will emit warning sound. Options are: Disabled (default), 60 o C/140o F, 70 oC/158o F, 80 oC/
176 o F, 90 o C/194 oF.
CPU/SYSTEM/NB/POWER FAN Fail Warning
Allows the system to emit warning sound if the CPU/system/North Bridge/power fan is not
connected or fails. Check the fan condition or fan connection when this occurs. (Default: Disabled)
CPU Smart FAN Control
Enables or disables the CPU fan speed control function. Enabled allows the CPU fan to run at
different speed according to the CPU temperature. You can adjust the fan speed with EasyTune
based on system requirements. If disabled, CPU fan runs at full speed. (Default: Enabled)
CPU Smart FAN Mode
Specifies how to control CPU fan speed. This item is configurable only if CPU Smart FAN
Control is set to Enabled.
Auto
Lets BIOS autodetect the type of CPU fan installed and sets the optimal CPU
fan control mode. (Default)
Voltage
Sets Voltage mode for a 3-pin CPU fan.
PWM
Sets PWM mode for a 4-pin CPU fan.
System Smart FAN Control
Enables or disables the system fan speed control function. Enabled allows the system fan to run
at different speed according to the system temperature. You can adjust the fan speed with EasyTune
based on system requirements. If disabled, system fan runs at full speed. (Default: Enabled)
- 57 -
BIOS Setup
2-9
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Standard CMOS Features
Load Optimized Defaults
Advanced BIOS Features
Set Supervisor Password
Integrated Peripherals
Set User Password
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N)? N
Power Management Setup
Save & Exit Setup
PC Health Status
Exit Without Saving
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Press <Enter> on this item and then press the <Y> key to load the safest BIOS default settings.
In case system instability occurs, you may try to load Fail-Safe defaults, which are the safest and most
stable BIOS settings for the motherboard.
2-10 Load Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Standard CMOS Features
Load Optimized Defaults
Advanced BIOS Features
Set Supervisor Password
Integrated Peripherals
Set User Password
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N)? N
Power Management Setup
Save & Exit Setup
PC Health Status
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Load Optimized Defaults
Press <Enter> on this item and then press the <Y> key to load the optimal BIOS default settings. The
BIOS defaults settings helps the system to operate in optimum state. Always load the Optimized defaults
after updating the BIOS or after clearing the CMOS values.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 58 -
2-11 Set Supervisor/User Password
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Enter Password:
Power Management Setup
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
PC Health Status
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Change/Set/Disable Password
Press <Enter> on this item and type the password with up to 8 characters and then press <Enter>. You
will be requested to confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>.
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two separate passwords:
Supervisor Password
When a system password is set and the Password Check item in Advanced BIOS Features is
set to Setup, you must enter the supervisor password for entering BIOS Setup and making BIOS
changes.
When the Password Check item is set to System, you must enter the supervisor password (or
user password) at system startup and when entering BIOS Setup.
User Password
When the Password Check item is set to System, you must enter the supervisor password (or
user password) at system startup to continue system boot. In BIOS Setup, you must enter the
supervisor password if you wish to make changes to BIOS settings. The user password only
allows you to view the BIOS settings but not to make changes.
To clear the password, press <Enter> on the password item and when requested for the password,
press <Enter> again. The message "PASSWORD DISABLED" will appear, indicating the password has
been cancelled.
- 59 -
BIOS Setup
2-12 Save & Exit Setup
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Standard CMOS Features
Load Optimized Defaults
Advanced BIOS Features
Set Supervisor Password
Save
to
CMOS
and
EXIT
(Y/N)?
Y User Password
Integrated Peripherals
Set
Power Management Setup
Save & Exit Setup
PC Health Status
Exit Without Saving
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Save Data to CMOS
Press <Enter> on this item and press the <Y> key. This saves the changes to the CMOS and exits the
BIOS Setup program. Press <N> or <Esc> to return to the BIOS Setup Main Menu.
2-13 Exit Without Saving
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
PC Health Status
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Abandon all Data
Press <Enter> on this item and press the <Y> key. This exits the BIOS Setup without saving the
changes made in BIOS Setup to the CMOS. Press <N> or <Esc> to return to the BIOS Setup Main Menu.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 60 -
Chapter 3 Drivers Installation
• Before installing the drivers, first install the operating system.
• After installing the operating system, insert the motherboard driver disk into your optical drive.
The driver Autorun screen is automatically displayed which looks like that shown in the screen
shot below. (If the driver Autorun screen does not appear automatically, go to My Computer,
double-click the optical drive and execute the Run.exe program.)
3-1
Installing Chipset Drivers
After inserting the driver disk, "Xpress Install" will automatically scan your system and then list all the
drivers that are recommended to install. You can click the Install All button and "Xpress Install" will
install all the recommended drivers. Or click Install Single Items to manually select the drivers you
wish to install.
• Please ignore the popup dialog box(es) (e.g. the Found New Hardware Wizard) displayed
when "Xpress Install" is installing the drivers. Failure to do so may affect the driver installation.
• Some device drivers will restart your system automatically during the driver installation.
After the system restart, "Xpress Install" will continue to install other drivers.
• After the drivers are installed, follow the onscreen instructions to restart your system. You
can install other applications included in the motherboard driver disk.
• For USB 2.0 driver support under the Windows XP operating system, please install the
Windows XP Service Pack 1 or later. After installing the SP1 (or later), if a question mark still
exists in Universal Serial Bus Controller in Device Manager, please remove the
question mark (by right-clicking your mouse and select Uninstall) and restart the system.
(The system will then autodetect and install the USB 2.0 driver.)
- 61 -
Drivers Installation
3-2
Application Software
This page displays all the utilities and applications that GIGABYTE develops and some free software.
You can click the Install button on the right of an item to install it.
3-3
Technical Manuals
This page provides GIGABYTE's application guides, content descriptions for this driver disk, and the
motherboard manuals.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 62 -
3-4
Contact
For the detailed contact information of the GIGABYTE Taiwan headquarter or worldwide branch offices,
click the URL on this page to link to the GIGABYTE website.
3-5
System
This page provides the basic system information.
- 63 -
Drivers Installation
3-6
Download Center
To update the BIOS, drivers, or applications, click the Download Center button to link to the GIGABYTE
website. The latest version of the BIOS, drivers, or applications will be displayed.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 64 -
Chapter 4 Unique Features
4-1
Xpress Recovery2
Xpress Recovery2 is a utility that allows you to quickly compress and
back up your system data and perform restoration of it. Supporting
NTFS, FAT32, and FAT16 file systems, Xpress Recovery2 can back
up data on PATA and SATA hard drives and restore it.
Before You Begin:
• Xpress Recovery2 will check the first physical hard drive* for the operating system. Xpress
Recovery2 can only back up/restore the first physical hard drive that has the operating system
installed.
• As Xpress Recovery2 will save the backup file at the end of the hard drive, make sure to leave
enough unallocated space in advanced (10 GB or more is recommended; actual size requirements vary, depending on the amount of data).
• It is recommended to back up your system soon after the operating system and drivers are
installed.
• The amount of data and hard drive access speed may affect the speed at which the data is backed
up/restored.
• It takes longer to back up a hard drive than to restore it.
System Requirements:
• At least 512 MB of system memory
• VESA compatible graphics card
• Windows ® XP with SP1 or later, Windows ® Vista
•
•
•
Xpress Recovery and Xpress Recovery2 are different utilities. For example, a backup file created with Xpress
Recovery cannot be restored using Xpress Recovery2.
USB hard drives are not supported.
Hard drives in RAID/AHCI mode are not supported.
Installation and Configuration
Turn on your system to boot from the Windows Vista setup disk.
A. Installing Windows Vista and Partitioning the Hard Drive
Step 1:
Click Drive options.
Step 2:
Click New.
"*" Xpress Recovery2 checks the first physical hard drive in the following sequence: The first PATA IDE connector,
the second PATA IDE connector, the first SATA connector, the second SATA connector and so forth. For
example, when hard drives are attached to the first IDE and the first SATA connectors, the hard drive on the first
IDE connector is the first physical drive. When hard drives are attached to the first and second SATA connectors,
the hard drive on the first SATA connector is the first physical drive.
- 65 -
Unique Features
Step 3:
When partitioning your hard drive, make sure
to leave unallocated space (10 GB or more is
recommended; actual size requirements vary,
depending on the amount of data) and begin the
installation of the operating system.
Step 4:
After the operating system is installed, rightclick the Computer icon on your desktop
and select Manage. Go to Disk Management
to check disk allocation.
Step 5:
Xpress Recovery2 will save the backup file to the
unallocated space (black stripe along the top). Please
note that if there is no enough unallocated space, Xpress
Recovery2 cannot save the backup file.
B. Accessing Xpress Recovery2
1.
2.
Boot from the motherboard driver disk to access Xpress Recovery2 for the first time. When you see
the following message: Press any key to startup Xpress Recovery2 , press
any key to enter Xpress Recovery2.
After you use the backup function in Xpress Recovery2 for the first time, Xpress Recovery2 will stay
permanent in your hard drive. If you wish to enter Xpress Recovery2 later, simply press <F9> during
the POST.
C. Using the Backup Function in Xpress Recovery2
Xpress Recovery2 will automatically create a
new partition to store the backup image file.
Step 1:
Select BACKUP to start backing up your hard
drive data.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
Step 2:
When finished, go to Disk Management to
check disk allocation.
- 66 -
D. Using the Restore Function in Xpress Recovery2
Select RESTORE to restore the backup to your hard
drive in case the system breaks down. The RESTORE
option will not be present if no backup is created before.
E. Removing the Backup
Step 1:
If you wish to remove the backup file, select
REMOVE.
Step 2:
After the backup file is removed, no backup
image file will be present in Disk Management
and hard drive space will be freed up.
F. Exiting Xpress Recovery2
Select REBOOT to exit Xpress Recovery2.
- 67 -
Unique Features
4-2
BIOS Update Utilities
GIGABYTE motherboards provide two unique BIOS update tools, Q-Flash TM and @BIOS TM. GIGABYTE
Q-Flash and @BIOS are easy-to-use and allow you to update the BIOS without the need to enter MSDOS mode. Additionally, this motherboard features the DualBIOSTM design, which enhances protection
for the safety and stability of your computer by adding one more physical BIOS chip.
What is DualBIOS TM?
Motherboards that support DualBIOS have two BIOS onboard, a main BIOS
and a backup BIOS. Normally, the system works on the main BIOS.
However, if the main BIOS is corrupted or damaged, the backup BIOS will take over on the next system
boot and copy the BIOS file to the main BIOS to ensure normal system operation. For the sake of
system safety, users cannot update the backup BIOS manually.
What is Q-Flash TM ?
With Q-Flash you can update the system BIOS without having to enter
operating systems like MS-DOS or Window first. Embedded in the BIOS, the
Q-Flash tool frees you from the hassles of going through complicated BIOS flashing process.
What is @BIOS TM?
@BIOS allows you to update the system BIOS while in the Windows
environment. @BIOS will download the latest BIOS file from the nearest
@BIOS server site and update the BIOS.
4-2-1 Updating the BIOS with the Q-Flash Utility
A. Before You Begin:
1.
2.
3.
From GIGABYTE's website, download the latest compressed BIOS update file that matches your
motherboard model.
Extract the file and save the new BIOS file (e.g. M79FXUD5.F1) to your floppy disk, USB flash
drive, or hard drive. Note: The USB flash drive or hard drive must use FAT32/16/12 file system.
Restart the system. During the POST, press the <End> key to enter Q-Flash. Note: You can
access Q-Flash by either pressing the <End> key during the POST or pressing the <F8> key in
BIOS Setup. However, if the BIOS update file is saved to a hard drive in RAID/AHCI mode or a hard
drive attached to an independent IDE/SATA controller, use the <End> key during the POST to
access Q-Flash.
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2009, Award Software, Inc.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P E8
.
.
.
.
<DEL>: BIOS Setup <F9>: XpressRecovery2 <F12>: Boot Menu <End>: Qflash
02/03/2009-RD790-SB750-7A66AG06C-00
Because BIOS flashing is potentially risky, please do it with caution. Inadequate BIOS
flashing may result in system malfunction.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 68 -
B. Updating the BIOS
When updating the BIOS, choose the location where the BIOS file is saved. The follow procedure
assumes that you save the BIOS file to a floppy disk.
Step 1:
1. Insert the floppy disk containing the BIOS file into the floppy disk drive. In the main menu of
Q-Flash, use the up or down arrow key to select Update BIOS from Drive and press <Enter>.
• The Save Main BIOS to Drive option allows you to save the current BIOS file.
• Q-Flash only supports USB flash drive or hard drives using FAT32/16/12 file system.
• If the BIOS update file is saved to a hard drive in RAID/AHCI mode or a hard drive
attached to an independent IDE/SATA controller, use the <End> key during the POST to
access Q-Flash.
2.
Select Floppy A and press <Enter>.
Q-Flash Utility v2.08
Flash Type/Size.................................MXIC 25L8005
Keep DMI Data Enable
Update BIOS from Drive
Save
BIOSfound
to Drive
0 file(s)
:Move
ESC:Reset <Drive>
F10:Power Off
<Drive>
EnterFloppy
: Run A
HDD 0-0
Total size : 0
3.
1M
Free size : 0
Select the BIOS update file and press <Enter>.
Make sure the BIOS update file matches your motherboard model.
Step 2:
The process of the system reading the BIOS file from the floppy disk is displayed on the screen. When
the message "Are you sure to update BIOS?" appears, press <Enter> to begin the BIOS update. The
monitor will display the update process.
• Do not turn off or restart the system when the system is reading/updating the BIOS.
• Do not remove the floppy disk, USB flash drive, or hard drive when the system is
updating the BIOS.
Step 3:
When the update process is complete, press any key to return to the main menu.
Q-Flash Utility v2.08
Flash Type/Size.................................MXIC 25L8005
Enter : Run
Keep DMI Data Enable
Update
from Drive
!! Copy
BIOSBIOS
completed
- Pass !!
Save BIOS to Drive
Please
press any key
to continue
:Move
ESC:Reset
- 69 -
1M
F10:Power Off
Unique Features
Step 4:
Press <Esc> and then <Enter> to exit Q-Flash and reboot the system. As the system boots, you should
see the new BIOS version is present on the POST screen.
Step 5:
During the POST, press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup. Select Load Optimized Defaults and press
<Enter> to load BIOS defaults. System will re-detect all peripherals devices after a BIOS update, so we
recommend that you reload BIOS defaults.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software






MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Standard CMOS Features
Load Optimized Defaults
Advanced BIOS Features
Set Supervisor Password
Integrated Peripherals
Set User Password
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N)? Y
Power Management Setup
Save & Exit Setup
PC Health Status
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
F11: Save CMOS to BIOS
F12: Load CMOS from BIOS
Load Optimized Defaults
Press <Y> to load BIOS defaults
Step 6:
Select Save & Exit Setup and then press <Y> to save settings to CMOS and exit BIOS Setup. The
procedure is complete after the system restarts.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 70 -
4-2-2 Updating the BIOS with the @BIOS Utility
A. Before You Begin:
1.
2.
3.
4.
In Windows, close all applications and TSR (Terminate and Stay Resident) programs. This helps
prevent unexpected failures when performing a BIOS update.
During the BIOS update process, ensure the Internet connection is stable and do NOT interrupt the
Internet connection (for example, avoid a power loss or switching off the Internet). Failure to do so
may result in a corrupted BIOS or a system that is unable to start.
Do not use the G.O.M. (GIGABYTE Online Management) function when using @BIOS.
GIGABYTE product warranty does not cover any BIOS damage or system failure resulting from an
inadequate BIOS flashing.
B. Using @BIOS:
1.
Update the BIOS Using the Internet Update Function:
Click Update BIOS from GIGABYTE Server, select the @BIOS server site closest to your
location and then download the BIOS file that matches your motherboard model. Follow the onscreen instructions to complete.
If the BIOS update file for your motherboard is not present on the @BIOS server site, please
manually download the BIOS update file from GIGABYTE's website and follow the instructions in "Update the BIOS without Using the Internet Update Function" below.
2.
Update the BIOS without Using the Internet Update Function:
Click Update BIOS from File, then select the location where you save the BIOS update file
obtained from the Internet or through other source. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete.
3.
Save Current BIOS to File:
Click Save Current BIOS to save the current BIOS file.
4.
Load BIOS Defaults after BIOS Update:
Select the Load CMOS default after BIOS update check box and then the system will automatically
load BIOS defaults after BIOS update and after the system restarts.
C. After Updating the BIOS:
Restart your system after updating the BIOS.
Make sure that the BIOS file to be flashed matches your motherboard model. Updating the
BIOS with an incorrect BIOS file could cause your system not to boot.
- 71 -
Unique Features
4-3
EasyTune 6
GIGABYTE's EasyTune 6 is a simple and easy-to-use interface that allows users to fine-tune their
system settings or do overclock/overvoltage in Windows environment. The user-friendly EasyTune 6
interface also includes tabbed pages for CPU and memory information, lettings users read their systemrelated information without the need to install additional software.
The EasyTune 6 Interface
Tabs Information
Tab
Function
The CPU tab provides information on the installed CPU and motherboard.
The Memory tab provides information on the installed memory module(s).
You can select memory module on a specific slot to see its information.
The Tuner tab allows you to change system clock settings and voltages.
• Easy mode allows you to adjust the CPU FSB only.
• Advanced mode allows you to individually change system clock
settings and voltages settings using the sliders.
• Save allows you to save the current settings to a new profile (.txt file).
• Load allows you to load previous settings from a profile.
After making changes, be sure to click Set for these changes to take effect
or click Default to restore to default values.
The Graphics tab allows you to change the core clock and memory clock
for your ATI or NVIDIA graphics card.
The Smart tab allows you to specify a C.I.A.2 level and a Smart Fan mode.
Smart Fan Advance Mode allows the CPU fan speed to be changed
linearly based on the CPU temperature thresholds you set.
The HW Monitor tab allows you to monitor hardware temperature, voltage and fan speed and set temperature/fan speed alarm. You can choose
the alert sound from the buzzer or use your own sound file (.wav file).
Available functions in EasyTune 6 may differ by motherboard model. Grayed-out area(s) indicates that the item is not
configurable or the function is not supported.
Incorrectly doing overclock/overvoltage may result in damage to the hardware components such as CPU, chipset, and
memory and reduce the useful life of these components. Before you do the overclock/overvoltage, make sure that you
fully know each function of EasyTune 6, or system instability or other unexpected results may occur.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 72 -
4-4
Easy Energy Saver
GIGABYTE Easy Energy Saver (Note 1) is a revolutionary technology that delivers unparalleled power
savings with a click of the button. Featuring an advanced proprietary software design, GIGABYTE
Easy Energy Saver is able to provide exceptional power savings and enhanced power efficiency
without sacrificing computing performance.
The Easy Energy Saver Interface
A. Meter Mode
In Meter Mode, GIGABYTE Easy Energy Saver shows how much power they have saved in a set
period of time.
Meter Mode - Button Information Table
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Button Description
Easy Energy Saver On/Off Switch (Default: Off)
Dynamic CPU Frequency Function On/Off Switch (Default: Off) (Note 2)
CPU Throttling Display
CPU Voltage Display
3-Level CPU Voltage Switch (Default:1) (Note 3)
Current CPU Power Consumption
Meter Time
Power Saving (Calculate power savings based on time)
Meter/Timer Reset Switch
Meter Mode Switch
Total Mode Switch
Close (Application will enter Stealth Mode)
Minimize (Application will continue to run in taskbar)
INFO/Help
Live Utility Update (Check for the latest utility version)
• The above data is for reference only. Actual performance may vary depending on motherboard model.
• CPU Power and Power Scores are for reference only. Actual results may vary based on testing method.
- 73 -
Unique Features
B. Total Mode
In Total Mode, users are able to see how much total power savings they have accumulated in a set
period of time since activating Easy Energy Saver for the first time (Note 4).
Total Mode - Button Information Table
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Button Description
Easy Energy Saver On/Off Switch (Default: Off)
Dynamic CPU Frequency Function On/Off Switch (Default: Off)
CPU Throttling Display
CPU Voltage Display
3-Level CPU Voltage Switch (Default:1) (Note 3)
Current CPU Power Consumption
Time/Date Easy Energy Saver Enabled
Total Power Savings (Total power saving with Easy Energy Saver enabled) (Note 5)
Meter Mode Switch
Total Mode Switch
Close (Application will enter Stealth Mode)
Minimize (Application will continue to run in taskbar)
INFO/Help
Live Utility Update (Check for the latest utility version)
C. Stealth Mode
In Stealth Mode, the system continues to work with the user-defined power saving settings, even after
the system is restarted. Re-enter the application only if you want to make any changes or completely
close the application.
(Note 1) Due to the hardware limitation, you must install the AMD AM3 Phenom TM II / AM2+ Phenom TM
Series CPU to enable support for Easy Energy Saver.
(Note 2) Maximize system power saving with Dynamic CPU Frequency Function; system
performance may be affected.
(Note 3) 1: Normal Power Saving (default); 2: Advanced Power Saving; 3: Extreme Power Saving.
(Note 4) The total amount of power saved will be recorded until re-activated when only the Easy
Energy Saver is under the enable status, and power savings meter is unable to reset to zero.
(Note 5) Easy Energy Saver Meter will automatically reset when the total power saving reaches
99999999 Watts.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 74 -
4-5
Q-Share
Q-Share is an easy and convenient data sharing tool. After configuring your LAN connection settings
and Q-Share, you are able to share your data with computers on the same network, making full use of
Internet resources.
Directions for using Q-Share
After installing Q-Share from the motherboard driver disk, go to Start>All Programs>GIGABYTE>
in your system tray and right-click
Q-Share.exe to launch the Q-Share tool. Find the Q-Share icon
on this icon to configure the data sharing settings.
Figure 1. Data Sharing Disabled
Figure 2. Data Sharing Enabled
Options Descriptions
Option
Connect ...
Enable Incoming Folder ...
Disable Incoming Folder ...
Open Incoming Folder :
C:\Q-ShareFolder
Change Incoming Folder :
C:\Q-ShareFolder
Update Q-Share ...
About Q-Share ...
Exit...
(Note)
Description
Displays the computers with data sharing enabled
Enables data sharing
Disables data sharing
Accesses the shared data folder
Changes the data folder to be shared
(Note)
Updates Q-Share online
Displays the current Q-Share version
Exits Q-Share
This option is available only when data sharing is NOT enabled.
- 75 -
Unique Features
4-6
Time Repair
Based on the Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Services technology, Time Repair allows you to
quickly back up and restore your system data in the Windows Vista operating system. Time Repair
supports NTFS file system and can restore system data on PATA and SATA hard drives.
System Restore
Choose a system restore point using the navigation bar on the right or at the bottom of the screen to
view the system data backed up at different time. You can choose file(s)/directory(ies) and click the
Copy button to restore the file(s)/directory(ies) or click Restore to restore the entire system.
Preference Screen:
Button
ON
OFF
SCHEDULE
CAPACITY
TRIGGER
?
Function
Automatically creates system restore
points
DO NOT automatically create system
restore points
Sets a regular interval for creating
system restore points
Sets the percentage of hard drive space
used for saving shadow copies
Creates a system restore point upon the
first boot up of the day
Displays the Time Repair help file
• The hard drive used must have more than 1 GB of capacity and over 300 MB of available space.
• Each storage volume can accommodate 64 shadow copies. When this limit is reached, the
oldest shadow copy will be deleted and unable to be restored. Shadow copies are read-only
so you cannot edit the contents of a shadow copy.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 76 -
4-7
Teaming
Dual LAN with Teaming functionality enabled on this motherboard allows two single connections to act as
one single connection for twice the transmission bandwidth, making data transmission more effective and
improving the quality of transmission of distant image(s). Fault tolerance on the dual LAN network
prevents network downtime by transferring the workload from a failed port to a working port.
• The speed of transmission is subject to the actual network environment or status even with Teaming enabled.
• To enable Teaming or Bonding (IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation) feature, it is required the connected network switch
or router device supports the IEEE 802.3ad LACP standard. Please refer to your network switch or router device
manual for further details.
Select Realtek Ethernet Teaming Utility and
click Install.
Step 1:
Insert the motherboard driver disk and select Application Software, Install Application Software.
Click Install under Realtek Ethernet Teaming Utility for installation. Restart your system when completed.
Step 2:
Click the Start icon . Point to All Programs,
Realtek Teaming and VLAN, Realtek Teaming
and VLAN Utility to access the utility.
Step 3:
Select the two adapters
and set up the Teaming
mode based on your
hub's specifications.
Then click the Teaming button. (Two dialog boxes will appear
during the setup
process, click OK to continue). When the Create
Virtual Adapter For Teaming Complete dialog
box appears, click OK to complete.
Step 4:
After the Teaming is created, you will see only
one connection in Network and Sharing Center.
Step 5:
Click View status in
Network and Sharing
Center and you will see
the connection speed is
2.0 Gbps.
Removing the Existing Teaming:
If you want to remove the
existing Teaming, access the Realtek Vlan
& Teaming Utility and
click the Remove button.
- 77 -
Unique Features
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 78 -
Chapter 5 Appendix
5-1
Configuring SATA Hard Drive(s)
To configure SATA hard drive(s), follow the steps below:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Install SATA hard drive(s) in your computer.
Configure SATA controller mode in BIOS Setup.
Configure a RAID array in RAID BIOS. (Note 1)
Make a floppy disk containing the SATA RAID/AHCI driver for Windows XP. (Note 2)
Install the SATA RAID/AHCI driver and operating system. (Note 2)
Before you begin
Please prepare:
• At least two SATA hard drives (to ensure optimal performance, it is recommended that you use
two hard drives with identical model and capacity). If you do not want to create RAID, you may
prepare only one hard drive.
• An empty formatted floppy disk.
• Windows Vista/XP setup disk.
• Motherboard driver disk.
5-1-1 Configuring AMD SB750 SATA Controllers
A. Installing SATA hard drive(s) in your computer
Attach one end of the SATA signal cable to the rear of the SATA hard drive and the other end to available
SATA port on the motherboard. If there is more than one SATA controller on your motherboard, refer to
"Chapter 1," "Hardware Installation," to identify the SATA controller for the SATA port. (For example, on
this motherboard, the SATA2_0, SATA2_1, SATA2_2, SATA2_3, SATA2_4 and SATA2_5 ports are
supported by AMD SB750 South Bridge.) Then connect the power connector from your power supply
to the hard drive.
(Note 1) Skip this step if you do not want to create RAID array on the SATA controller.
(Note 2) Required when the SATA controller is set to AHCI or RAID mode.
- 79 -
Appendix
B. Configuring SATA controller mode in BIOS Setup
Make sure to configure the SATA controller mode correctly in system BIOS Setup .
Step 1:
Turn on your computer and press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup during the POST (Power-On Self-Test).
Under Integrated Peripherals, to enable RAID for the SATA2_0/1/2/3 connectors, set OnChip SATA
Type to RAID. To enable RAID for the SATA2_4/SATA2_5 connectors, set OnChip SATA Type to RAID
and set OnChip SATA Port4/5 Type to As SATA Type (Figure 1).
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
OnChip IDE Channel
OnChip SATA Type
OnChip SATA Port4/5 Type
Onboard SATA/IDE Device
Onboard SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode
Onboard Audio Function
 Onboard LAN device
Onboard 1394 Function
OnChip USB Controller
USB EHCI Controller
USB Keyboard Support
USB Mouse Support
Legacy USB storage detect
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
x ECP Mode Use DMA
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Enabled]
[RAID]
[As SATA Type]
[Enabled]
[IDE]
[Enabled]
[Press Enter]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[378/IRQ7]
[SPP]
3
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Figure 1
Step 2:
Save changes and exit BIOS Setup.
The BIOS Setup menus described in this section may differ from the exact settings for your
motherboard. The actual BIOS Setup menu options you will see shall depend on the motherboard
you have and the BIOS version.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 80 -
C. Configuring RAID set in RAID BIOS
Enter the RAID BIOS setup utility to configure a RAID array. Skip this step if you do not want to create
RAID.
Step 1:
After the POST memory test begins and before the operating system boot begins, look for a message
which says "Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility" (Figure 2). Hit the <Ctrl>+<F> key to enter the
RAID BIOS setup utility.
RAID Option ROM Version 3.0.1540.47
(c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
No Array is defined..
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility...
Figure 2
Step 2:
Main Menu
This is the first option screen when you enter the BIOS RAID Setup utility. (Figure 3).
To view the disk drives assigned to arrays, press <1> to enter the View Drive Assignments window.
To create an array, press <2> to enter the Define LD window.
To delete an array, press <3> to enter the Delete LD window.
To view controller settings, press <4> to enter the Controller Configuration window.
FastBuild (tm) Utility (c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
[ Main Menu ]
View Drive Assignments...........................[ 1 ]
Define LD..................................................[ 2 ]
Delete LD.................................................. [ 3 ]
Controller Configuration............................ [ 4 ]
[ Keys Available ]
Press 1..4 to Select Option
[ESC] Exit
Figure 3
- 81 -
Appendix
Create Arrays Manually
To create a new array, press <2> to enter the Define LD window (Figure 4). The Define LD selection
from the Main Menu allows users to begin the process of manually defining the drive elements and
RAID levels for one or multiple disk arrays attached to the AMD SB750 controller.
FastBuild (tm) Utility (c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
[ Define LD Menu ]
LD
No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
-------------------------------
-------------------------------
Capacity (GB)
-----------------------------------------
Status
-------------------------------
[ Keys Available ]
[] Up
[] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
Figure 4
In Figure 4, use the up or down arrow key to move to a logical disk set and press <Enter> to enter the
RAID configuration menu (Figure 5).
FastBuild (tm) Utility (c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
LD
No
LD
1
RAID Mode
[ Define LD Menu ]
Total Drv
RAID 0
0
Stripe Block:
64 KB
Gigabyte Boundary: ON
Fast Init:
ON
Cache Mode: WriteThru
[ Drives Assignments ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model
1:Mas WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
2:Mas WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
Capabilities
SATA 3G
SATA 3G
Capacity (GB)
79.89
80.02
Assignment
N
N
[ Keys Available ]
[] Up
[] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Space] Change
Figure 5
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 82 -
[Ctrl-Y] Save
[PgUp/Dn] Page Change
In the following procedure, we'll create RAID 0 as an example.
1. Under the RAID Mode section, press the <SPACE> key to select RAID 0.
2. Set the Stripe Block size. 64 KB is the default.
3. Under the Drives Assignments section, press the up or down arrow key to highlight a drive.
4. Press the <SPACE> key or <Y>to change the Assignment option to Y. This action adds the drive
to the disk array. The Total Drv section will show the number of disks assigned.
5. Press <Ctrl>+<Y> keys to save the information. The window below will appear.
Fast Initialization option has been selected
It will erase the MBR data of the disk.
<Press Ctrl-Y key if you are sure to erase it>
<Press any other key to ignore this option>
Figure 6
6.
Press <Ctrl>+<Y> to clear the MBR or press other keys to ignore this option. Then, the window
below will appear.
Press Ctrl-Y to Modify Array Capacity or press any
other key to use maximum capacity...
Figure 7
7.
8.
9.
Press <Ctrl>+<Y> to set the capacity of the RAID array or press other keys to set the array to its
maximum capacity.
After the creation is complete, the screen will return to Define LD Menu where you will see the
newly-created array.
Press <Esc> to return to Main Menu and press <Esc> again if you want to exit the RAID BIOS
utility.
View Drive Assignments
The View Drive Assignments option in the Main Menu displays whether drives attached to the AMD
SB750 controller are assigned to a disk array or are unassigned. Under the Assignment column,
drives are labeled with their assigned disk array or shown as Free if unassigned.
FastBuild (tm) Utility (c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
[ View Drives Assignments ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model
1:Mas WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
Extent 1
2:Mas WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
Extent 1
Capabilities
SATA 3G
SATA 3G
Capacity (GB)
79.89
79.82
80.2
80.02
Assignment
LD
1-1
LD
1-2
[ Keys Available ]
[] Up
[] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Ctrl+H] Secure Erase
[PgUp/Dn] Page Change
Figure 8
- 83 -
Appendix
Delete an Array
The Delete Array menu option allows for deletion of disk array assignments.
Deleting an existing disk array could result in loss of data. Record all array information including
the array type, the disk members, and stripe block size in case you wish to undo a deletion.
1.
2.
3.
To delete an array, press <3> in the Main Menu to enter the Delete LD Menu. Then highlight the
array you wish to delete and press the <Delete> key or the <Alt>+<D> keys.
The View LD Definition Menu will appear (as shown in Figure 9) showing which drives are
assigned to this array. Press <Ctrl>+<Y> if you are sure to delete the array or other keys to abort.
When the array is deleted, the screen will return to Delete LD Menu. Press <Esc>to return to
Main Menu.
FastBuild (tm) Utility (c) 2008 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
LD No
RAID Mode
LD 1
RAID 0
[ View LD Definition Menu ]
Total Drv
Capacity (GB)
2
157.99
Stripe Block: 64KB
Status
Functional
Cache Mode: WriteThru
[ Drives Assignments ]
Channel:ID
1:Mas
2:Mas
Drive Model
WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
WDC WD800JD-22LSA0
Capabilities
SATA 3G
SATA 3G
Press Ctrl-Y to delete the data in the disk!
or press any other key to abort...
Figure 9
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 84 -
Capacity (GB)
79.89
80.02
5-1-2 Configuring GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA Controller
A. Installing SATA hard drive(s) in your computer
Attach one end of the SATA signal cable to the rear of the SATA hard drive and the other end to available
SATA port on the motherboard. On this motherboard, the GSATA2_0 and GSATA2_1 ports are supported
by the GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA controller.) Then connect the power connector from your power supply
to the hard drive.
B. Enabling the SATA controllers and configuring hard drive mode in BIOS Setup
Make sure to enable the SATA controllers and configure hard drive mode in system BIOS Setup.
Step 1:
Turn on your computer and press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup during the POST. In BIOS Setup, go to
Integrated Peripherals, ensure that Onboard SATA/IDE Device is enabled. Then set Onboard
SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode to RAID (Figure 1). If you do not want to create RAID, set this item to IDE or
AHCI, depending on your need.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2009 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
OnChip IDE Channel
OnChip SATA Type
x OnChip SATA Port4/5 Type
Onboard SATA/IDE Device
Onboard SATA/IDE Ctrl Mode
Onboard Audio Function
 Onboard LAN device
Onboard 1394 Function
OnChip USB Controller
USB EHCI Controller
USB Keyboard Support
USB Mouse Support
Legacy USB storage detect
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
x ECP Mode Use DMA
: Move
Enter: Select
F5: Previous Values
[Enabled]
[Native IDE]
IDE
[Enabled]
[RAID]
[Enabled]
[Press Enter]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[378/IRQ7]
[SPP]
3
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F10: Save
Item Help
Menu Level
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Figure 1
Step 2:
Save changes and exit BIOS Setup.
The BIOS Setup menus described in this section may differ from the exact settings for your
motherboard. The actual BIOS Setup menu options you will see shall depend on the motherboard
you have and the BIOS version.
- 85 -
Appendix
C. Configuring a RAID array in RAID BIOS
Enter the RAID BIOS setup utility to configure a RAID array. Skip this step and proceed to the installation
of Windows operating system for a non-RAID configuration.
After the POST memory test begins and before the operating system boot begins, look for a message
which says "Press <Ctrl-G> to enter RAID Setup Utility" (Figure 2). Press <Ctrl> + <G> to enter the
GIGABYTE SATA2 RAID BIOS utility.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
Copyright (C) 2006-2007 GIGABYTE Technology.
http://www.gigabyte.com.tw
HDD0 :
HDD1 :
ST3120026AS
ST3120026AS
120 GB
120 GB
ODD0 :
DVDROM GO-D1600B
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Press <Ctrl-G> to enter RAID Setup Utility ...
Figure 2
In the main screen of the GIGABYTE SATA2 RAID BIOS utility (Figure 3), use the up or down arrow key
to highlight through choices in the Main Menu block. Highlight the item that you wish to execute and
press <Enter>.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Main Menu ]
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Capacity
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
[TAB]-Switch Window
[]-Select ITEM
[ENTER]-Action
[ESC]-Exit
Figure 3
Note: In the main screen, you can select a hard drive in the Hard Disk Drive List block and press
<Enter> to see detailed information about the selected hard drive.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 86 -
Create a RAID Array:
In the main screen, press <Enter> on the Create RAID Disk Drive item. Then the Create New RAID
screen appears (Figure 4).
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Create New RAID ]
Name:
Level:
Disks:
Block:
Size:
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
GRAID_
0-Stripe
Select Disk
128 KB
240 GB
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Available
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Confirm Creation
[ Help ]
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Enter RAID Name
Enter a string between 1 to 16 characters
in length for the created RAID drive to be
identified by system BIOS or OS.
[]-Move Cursor
[DEL,BS]-Delete Character
[ENTER]-Next
[ESC]-Abort
Figure 4
The Create New RAID block displays all the items that need to be set for creating an array (Figure 5).
Steps:
1. Enter Array Name: Under the Name item, enter an array name with 1~16 letters (letters cannot be
special characters) and press <Enter>.
2. Select RAID Mode: Under the Level item, use up or down arrow key to select RAID 0 (Stripe),
RAID 1 (Mirror), or JBOD (Figure 5). Then press <Enter> to move onto the next step.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Create New RAID ]
Name:
Level:
Disks:
Block:
Size:
GRAID
0-Stripe
Select Disk
128 KB
240 GB
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Available
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Confirm Creation
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
[ Help ]
Select RAID Level
RAID 0
RAID 1
JBOD
[]-Switch RAID Level
[ENTER]-Next
-
Data striped for performance
Data mirrored for redundancy
Data concatenated for huge
temporarily disk required
[ESC]-Abort
Figure 5
- 87 -
Appendix
3. Assign Array Disks: After a RAID mode is selected, RAID BIOS automatically assigns the two
hard drives installed as the RAID drives.
4. Set Block Size (RAID 0 only): Under the Block item, use the up or down arrow key to select the
stripe block size (Figure 6), ranging from 4 KB to 128 KB. Press <Enter>.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Create New RAID ]
Name:
Level:
Disks:
Block:
Size:
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
GRAID
0-Stripe
Select Disk
128 KB
240 GB
Model Name
 HDD0:
ST3120026AS
 HDD1:
ST3120026AS
Available
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Confirm Creation
[ Help ]
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Setting Stripe Block
Select a stripe size which will be used to
divide data from/to seperate RAID members.
The following are typical values:
RAID 0-128KB
[]-Switch RAID Block Size
[ENTER]-Next
[ESC]-Abort
Figure 6
5. Set Array Size: Under the Size item, enter the size of the array and press <Enter>.
6. Confirm Creation: After all of the items above are configured, the selection bar automatically jumps
to the Confirm Creation item. Press <Enter>. When prompted to confirm your selection (Figure 7),
press <Y> to confirm or <N> to abort.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Create New RAID ]
Name:
Level:
Disks:
Block:
Size:
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
GRAID
0-Stripe
Select Disk
128 KB
240 GB
Model Name
 HDD0:
ST3120026AS
 HDD1:
ST3120026AS
Available
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Confirm Creation
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
[ Help ]
Create RAID on the select HDD(Y/N)?Y
CONFIRM RAID CREATION
ALL DATA ON THE SELECTED HARD DISK
WILL BE LOST WHEN EXIT WITH SAVING
[]-Switch Unit
[DEL,BS]-Delete Number
Figure 7
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 88 -
[ENTER]-Next
[ESC]-Abort
When finished, the new RAID array will be displayed in the RAID Disk Drive List block (Figure 8).
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Main Menu ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Capacity Type/Status
120 GB RAID Inside
120 GB RAID Inside
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
RDD0: GRAID
[TAB]-Switch Window
RAID Level
0-Stripe
Capacity Status
240 GB
Normal
[]-Select ITEM
[ENTER]-Action
Members(HDDx)
01
[ESC]-Exit
Figure 8
To check more detailed information about the array, use the <Tab> key while in the Main Menu block
to move the selection bar to the RAID Disk Drive List block. Select the array and press <Enter>.
A small window displaying the array information will appear in the center of the screen (Figure 9).
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Main Menu ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
RDD0: GRAID
[TAB]-Switch Window
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Capacity Type/Status
120 GB RAID Inside
120 GB RAID Inside
[ RAID Information ]
Name:
Level:
Block:
Capacity:
GRAID
0-Stripe
128KB
240GB
RAID Level
Members: HDD 01Capacity Status
0-Stripe
Normal
Status: Normal 240 GB
[]-Select RAID
[ENTER]-Detail
Members(HDDx)
01
[ESC]-Exit
Figure 9
- 89 -
Appendix
7. Save and Exit Setup: After configuring the RAID array, select the Save And Exit Setup item in the
main screen to save your settings before exiting the RAID BIOS utility, then press <Y> (Figure 10).
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.78
[ Main Menu ]
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Save to Disk & Exit (Y/N)?Y
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
RDD0: GRAID
[TAB]-Switch Window
Capacity Type/Status
120 GB RAID Inside
120 GB RAID Inside
RAID Level
0-Stripe
Capacity Status
240 GB
Normal
[]-Select ITEM
[ENTER]-Action
Members(HDDx)
01
[ESC]-Exit
Figure 10
Now, you may proceed to create the SATA RAID/AHCI driver diskette and the installation of the SATA
RAID/AHCI driver and operating system.
Delete the RAID Array:
To delete the array, select Delete RAID Disk Drive in the main menu and press <Enter>. The selection
bar will move to the RAID Disk Drive List block. Press the space bar on the array to be deleted; a
small triangle will appear to mark the selected array. Press <Delete>. When prompted to confirm your
selection (Figure 11), press <Y> to confirm or <N> to cancel.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.78
[ Main Menu ]
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
 RDD0: GRAID
[]-Select RAID
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
ALL DATA ON THE RAID WILL LOST!!
ARE YOU SURE TO DELETE (Y/N)? N
RAID Level
Capacity Status
0-Stripe
240 GB
Normal
[SPACE]-Mark Delete
[DEL]-Confirm
Figure 11
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 90 -
Capacity
120 GB
120 GB
Type/Status
RAID Inside
RAID Inside
Members(HDDx)
01
[ESC]-Abort
5-1-3 Making a SATA RAID/AHCI Driver Diskette for Windows XP
(Required for AHCI and RAID Mode)
To successfully install operating system onto SATA hard drive(s) that is/are configured to RAID/AHCI
mode, you need to install the SATA controller driver during the OS installation. Without the driver, the
hard drive may not be recognized during the Windows setup process. First of all, copy the driver for
the SATA controller from the motherboard driver disk to a floppy disk. For installing Windows Vista,
please directly load the SATA RAID driver from the motherboard driver disk during the OS installation
process. For more details, refer to the next section, "5-1-4." See the instructions below about how to
copy the driver in MS-DOS mode (Note). Prepare a startup disk that has CD-ROM support and two blank
formatted floppy disks.
Step 1: Insert the prepared startup disk and motherboard driver disk in your system. Boot from the startup
disk. Once at the A:\> prompt, change to your optical drive (example: D:\>). At the D:\> prompt, type the
following two commands. Press <Enter> after each command (Figure 1):
cd bootdrv
menu
Step 2: When the controller menu (Figure 2) appears, remove the startup disk and insert the blank
formatted disk. Select the controller driver by pressing the corresponding letter from the menu. For
example, from the menu in Figure 2:
• For AMD SB750 SATA controllers, select 3) SB700/710/750 SATA Driver for XP for Windows XP.
• For GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA controller, select 1) GIGABYTE GSATA driver for 32bit system for
Windows 32-bit operating system or 2) GIGABYTE GSATA driver for 64bit system for Windows
64-bit operating system.
Your system will then automatically zip and transfer this driver file to the floppy disk. Press <0> to exit
when finished.
Figure 1
(Note)
Figure 2
For users without a startup disk:
Use an alternative system and insert the motherboard driver disk. From your optical drive
folder, double click the MENU.exe file in the BootDrv folder (Figure 3). A command prompt
window will open similar to that in Figure 2.
Figure 3
- 91 -
Appendix
5-1-4 Installing the SATA RAID/AHCI Driver and Operating System
With the SATA RAID/AHCI driver diskette and correct BIOS settings, you are ready to install Windows
Vista/XP onto your hard drive(s). The followings are examples of Windows XP and Vista installation.
A. Installing Windows XP
Step 1:
Restart your system to boot from the Windows XP setup disk and press <F6> as soon as you see the
message "Press F6 if you need to install a 3rd party SCSI or RAID driver" (Figure 1). A screen will then
appear asking you to specify additional device. Insert the floppy disk containing the SATA RAID/AHCI
driver and press <S>.
Windows Setup
Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver.
Figure 1
Step 2:
For AMD SB750 SATA controllers:
Then a controller menu similar to Figure 2 below will appear. Select AMD AHCI Compatible RAID
Controller-x86 platform and press <Enter>. On the next screen, press <Enter> to continue the driver
installation. After the driver installation, you can proceed with the Windows XP installation.
Windows Setup
You have chosen to configure a SCSI Adapter for use with Windows,
using a device support disk provided by an adapter manufacturer.
Select the SCSI Adapter you want from the following list, or press ESC
to return to the previous screen.
AMD AHCI Compatible RAID Controller-x86 platform
AMD AHCI Compatible RAID Controller-x64 platform
ENTER=Select F3=Exit
Figure 2
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 92 -
For GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA controller:
Insert the floppy disk containing the SATA RAID/AHCI driver and press <S>. Then a controller menu
similar to Figure 3 below will appear. Select (Windows XP/2003) RAID/AHCI Driver for GIGABYTE
GBB36X Controller and press <Enter>.
Windows Setup
You have chosen to configure a SCSI Adapter for use with Windows,
using a device support disk provided by an adapter manufacturer.
Select the SCSI Adapter you want from the following list, or press ESC
to return to the previous screen.
(Windows XP/2003) RAID/AHCI Driver for GIGABYTE GBB36X Controller
(Windows 2000) RAID Driver for GIGABYTE GBB363 Controller
(Windows 2000) AHCI Driver for GIGABYTE GBB363 Controller
(Windows 2000) RAID Driver for GIGABYTE GBB360 Controller
ENTER=Select F3=Exit
Figure 3
Step 3:
On the next screen, press <Enter> to continue the driver installation. After the driver installation, you can
proceed with the Windows XP installation.
- 93 -
Appendix
B. Installing Windows Vista
(The procedure below assumes that only one RAID array exists in your system.)
AMD SB750 SATA controllers:
Step 1:
Restart your system to boot from the Windows Vista setup disk and perform standard OS installation
steps. When a screen similar to that below appears (RAID hard drive will not be detected at this stage),
select Load Driver (Figure 4).
Figure 4
Step 2:
Insert the motherboard driver disk (Method A) or the floppy disk/USB flash drive that contains the SATA
RAID/AHCI driver (Method B), then specify the location of the driver (Figure 5). Note: For users using
a SATA optical drive, be sure to copy the driver files from the motherboard driver disk to a USB flash
drive before installing Windows Vista (go to the BootDrv folder and save the whole SB750V foler to the
USB flash drive). Then use Method B to load the driver.
Method A:
Insert the motherboard driver disk into your system and browse to the following directory:
\BootDrv\SB750V\LH
For Windows Vista 64-bit, browse to the LH64A folder.
Method B:
Insert the USB flash drive containing the driver files and browse to the LH (for Windows Vista 32-bit) or
LH64A (for Windows Vista 64-bit) folder.
Figure 5
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 94 -
Step 3:
When a screen as shown in Figure 6 appears, select AMD AHCI Compatible RAID Controller and
press Next.
Figure 6
Step 4:
After the driver is loaded, the RAID drive will appear. Select the RAID drive and then press Next to
continue the OS installation (Figure 7).
Figure 7
The install menus described in this chapter are for reference only and may differ by driver
version.
- 95 -
Appendix
GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA controller:
Step 1:
Restart your system to boot from the Windows Vista setup disk and perform standard OS installation
steps. When a screen similar to that below appears (RAID/AHCI hard drive(s) will not be detected at this
stage), select Load Driver (Figure 8).
Figure 8
Step 2:
Insert the motherboard driver disk (Method A) or the floppy disk/USB flash drive that contains the SATA
RAID/AHCI driver (Method B), then specify the location of the driver (Figure 9). Note: For users using
a SATA optical drive, be sure to copy the driver files from the motherboard driver disk to a USB flash
drive before installing Windows Vista (go to the BootDrv folder and save the whole GSATA foler to the
USB flash drive). Then use Method B to load the driver.
Method A:
Insert the motherboard driver disk into your system and browse to the following directory:
\BootDrv\GSATA\32Bit
For Windows Vista 64-bit, browse to the 64Bit folder.
Method B:
Insert the USB flash drive containing the driver files and browse to \GSATA\32Bit (for Windows Vista
32-bit) or \GSATA\64Bit (for Windows Vista 64-bit).
Figure 9
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 96 -
Step 3:
When a screen as shown in Figure 10 appears, select GIGABYTE GBB36X Controller and press
Next.
Figure 10
Step 4:
After the driver is loaded, select the RAID/AHCI drive(s) where you want to install the operating system
and then press Next to continue the OS installation (Figure 11).
Figure 11
- 97 -
Appendix
Rebuilding an Array:
Rebuilding is the process of restoring data to a hard drive from other drives in the array. Rebuilding
applies only to fault-tolerant arrays such as RAID 1, RAID 5, or RAID 10 arrays. To replace the old
drive, make sure to use a new drive of equal or greater capacity. The procedures below assume a
new drive is added to replace a failed drive to rebuild a RAID 1 array.
• AMD SB750 SATA controller:
While in the operating system, make sure the chipset drivers and ATi SB700/750 RAID Utility have
been installed from the motherboard driver disk. Then launch the AMD RAIDXpert from All Programs
in the Start Menu.
Step 1:
Enter the login ID and password (default:"admin"),
and then click Sign in to launch AMD RAIDXpert.
Step 2:
Select the RAID array to be rebuilt under Logical
Drive View and click the Rebuild tab in the
Logical Drive Information pane.
Step 3:
Select one available drive and click Start Now
to start the rebuilding process.
Step 4:
The rebuilding progress is displayed on the
screen and you can select Pause/Resume/
Abort/Restart during the rebuilding process.
Step 5:
When done, the array's status on the Information page
in the Logical Drive Information pane will display as
Functional.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 98 -
• GIGAGYTE SATA2 SATA controller:
Turn off your computer and replace the failed hard drive with a new one. Use either the GIGABYTE
SATA2 RAID BIOS utility or the GIGABYTE RAID CONFIGURER utility in the operating system to
perform the rebuild.
Rebuilding with the GIGABYTE SATA2 RAID BIOS utility
Step 1:
When the message "Press <Ctrl-G> to enter RAID Setup Utility" appears, press <Ctrl> + <G> to enter the
utility. In the Main Menu block, select Rebuild Mirror Drive and press <Enter>. The selection bar will
move to the degraded array. Press <Enter> again.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Main Menu ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Capacity Type/Status
120 GB RAID Inside
120 GB Non-RAID
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
RDD0: GRAID
[TAB]-Switch Window
RAID Level
1-Mirror
Capacity Status
120 GB
Degraded
[]-Select ITEM
[ENTER]-Action
Members(HDDx)
0?
[ESC]-Exit
Step 2:
The selection bar will then move to new hard drive in the Hard Disk Drive List block. Press <Enter>
to start the RAID rebuilding process. The rebuilding progress is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
When done, the status of the array will display as Normal.
GIGABYTE Technology Corp. PCIE-to-SATAII/IDE RAID Controller BIOS v1.06.59
[ Main Menu ]
Create RAID Disk Drive
Delete RAID Disk Drive
Revert HDD to Non-RAID
Solve Mirror Conflict
Rebuild Mirror Drive
Save And Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
[ Hard Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
HDD0: ST3120026AS
HDD1: ST3120026AS
Capacity Type/Status
120 GB RAID Inside
120 GB Non-RAID
[ RAID Disk Drive List ]
Model Name
RDD0: GRAID
RAID Level
1-Mirror
Capacity Status
120 GB
Degraded
Members(HDDx)
0?
Rebuilding....35%, please wait....
- 99 -
Appendix
Rebuilding in the operating system
Make sure the GIGABYTE SATA2 SATA controller driver has been installed from the motherboard driver
disk. Launch the GIGABYTE RAID CONFIGURER from All Programs in the Start menu.
Step 2:
When the Rebuilding RAID Wizard appears, click
Next.
Step 1:
In the GIGABYTE RAID CONFIGURER screen,
right-click on the array to be rebuilt in the RAID
LIST block. Select Rebuild Raid. (Or click the
Rebuild icon
in the tool bar.
Step 3:
Select a drive to rebuild the array and click Next.
Step 4:
Click Finish to start the RAID rebuilding process.
Step 6:
When finished, restart your system.
Step 5:
The rebuilding progress is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 100 -
5-2
Configuring Audio Input and Output
5-2-1 Configuring 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio
The motherboard provides six audio jacks on the
back panel which support 2/4/5.1/7.1-channel audio.
Center/Subwoofer
Line In
The picture to the right shows the default audio
Speaker Out
jack assignments. The integrated HD (High Definition)
Front Speaker Out
Rear Speaker Out
audio provides jack retasking capability that
Mic In
allows the user to change the function for each
Side Speaker Out
jack through the audio driver. For example, in a
4-channel audio configuration, if a Rear speaker is plugged into the default Center/Subwoofer speaker
out jack, you can retask the Center/Subwoofer speaker out jack to be Rear speaker out.
• To install a microphone, connect your microphone to the Mic in jack and manually configure
the jack for microphone functionality.
• Audio signals will be present on both of the front and back panel audio connections simultaneously.
If you want to mute the back panel audio (only supported when using an HD front panel audio
module), refer to instructions on the next page.
High Definition Audio (HD Audio)
HD Audio includes multiple high quality digital-to-analog converters (DACs) that support 44.1KHz/
48KHz/ 96KHz/192KHz sampling rate. HD Audio features multistreaming capabilities that allow multiple
audio streams (in and out) to be simultaneously processed. For example, users can listen to MP3
music, have an Internet chat, make a telephone call over the Internet, and etc. all at the same time.
A. Configuring Speakers:
(The following instructions use Windows Vista as the example operating system.)
Step 1:
After installing the audio driver, the HD Audio Manager
icon
will appear in the notification area. Doubleclick the icon to access the HD Audio Manager.
(Note) 2/4/5.1/7.1-Channel Audio Configurations:
Refer to the following for multi-channel speaker configurations.
• 2-channel audio: Headphone or Line out.
• 4-channel audio: Front speaker out and Rear speaker out.
• 5.1-channel audio: Front speaker out, Rear speaker out, and Center/Subwoofer speaker out.
• 7.1-channel audio: Front speaker out, Rear speaker out, Center/Subwoofer speaker out, and Side speaker out.
- 101 -
Appendix
Step 2:
Connect an audio device to an audio jack. The The
current connected device is dialog box appears.
Select the device according to the type of device you
connect. Then click OK.
Step 3:
On the Speakers screen, click the Speaker Configuration tab. In the Speaker Configuration list, select
Stereo, Quadraphonic, 5.1 Speaker, or 7.1 Speaker
according to the type of speaker configuration you wish
to set up. Then the speaker setup is completed.
B. Configuring Sound Effect:
You may configure an audio environment on the Sound Effects tab.
C. Activating an AC'97 Front Panel Audio Module:
If your chassis provides an AC'97 front panel audio
module, to activate the AC'97 functionality, click the
tool icon on the Speaker Configuration tab. On the
Connector Settings dialog box, select the Disable
front panel jack detection check box. Click OK to
complete.
D. Muting the Back Panel Audio (For HD Audio Only):
Click Device advanced settings on the top right corner on the Speaker Configuration tab to open the
Device advanced settings dialog box. Select the Mute
the rear output device, when a front headphone
plugged in check box. Click OK to complete.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 102 -
5-2-2 Configuring S/PDIF In/Out
A. S/PDIF In:
The S/PDIF In cable (optional) allows you to input digital audio signals to the computer for audio
processing.
S/PDIF In Cable
Optical
S/PDIF In
Coaxial
S/PDIF In
1. Installing the S/PDIF In Cable:
Step 1:
First, attach the connector at the end of the cable
to the SPDIF_I header on your motherboard.
Step 2:
Secure the metal bracket to the chassis back
panel with a screw.
2. Configuring S/PDIF In:
On the Digital Input screen, click the Default Format tab to select the default format. Click OK to complete.
(Note)
The actual locations of the SPDIF In and SPDIF Out connectors may differ by model.
- 103 -
Appendix
B. S/PDIF Out:
The S/PDIF Out jacks can transmit audio signals to an external decoder for decoding to get the best
audio quality.
1. Conneting a S/PDIF Out Cable
S/PDIF Optical Cable
S/PDIF Coaxial Cable
Connect a S/PDIF coaxial cable or a S/PDIF optical cable (either one) to an external decoder for
transmitting the S/PDIF digital audio signals.
2. Configuring S/PDIF Out:
On the Digital Output screen, click the Default Format tab and then select the sample rate and bit depth.
Click OK to complete.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 104 -
5-2-3 Enabling the Dolby Home Theater Function
Before Dolby Home Theater is enabled, you get only 2-channel playback output (from
the front speakers) when playing 2-channel stereo sources. You must play 4-, 5.1-, or
7.1- channel content to get 4-, 5.1-, or 7.1- channel audio effects. With Dolby Home
Theater enabled, 2-channel stereo content will be transformed into multi-channel audio,
creating a virtual surround sound environment (Note).
Install the Dolby GUI Software driver from the motherboard driver disk. Click the Start icon
to All Programs, Dolby Control Center to access the utility.
(The following illustration demonstrates a 7.1-speaker configuration as an example.)
. Point
1.
: Click Dolby Pro Logic IIx. The system will expand 2-channel audio
for a 7.1-channel surround sound playback.
2.
: Click Natural Bass to enable speaker bass effect.
(Note)
When Dolby Digital Live is enabled, only digital audio output (S/PDIF) is working, and you will
not hear any sound from analog speakers or headphone.
- 105 -
Appendix
5-2-4 Configuring Microphone Recording
Step 1:
After installing the audio driver, the HD Audio Manager
will appear in the notification area. Doubleicon
click the icon to access the HD Audio Manager.
Step 2:
Connect your microphone to the Mic in jack (pink)
on the back panel or the Mic in jack (pink) on the front
panel. Then configure the jack for microphone
functionality.
Note: The microphone functions on the front panel
and back panel cannot be used at the same time.
Step 3:
Go to the Microphone screen. Do not mute the
recording volume, or you'll not be able to record the
sound. To hear the sound being recorded during the
recording process, do not mute the playback volume.
It is recommended that you set the volumes at a
middle level.
If you want to change the current sound input
default device to microphone, right-click on
Microphone and select Set Default Device.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 106 -
Step 4:
To raise the recording and playback volume for the
microphone, click the Microphone Boost icon
on the right of the Recording Volume slider and set
the Microphone Boost level.
Step 5:
After completing the settings above, click Start, point
to All Programs, point to Accessories, and then
click Sound Recorder to begin the sound recording.
* Enabling Stereo Mix
If the HD Audio Manager does not display the recording device you wish to use, refer to the steps
below. The following steps explain how to enable Stereo Mix (which may be needed when you want
to record sound from your computer).
Step 1:
Locate the Volume icon
in the notification area
and right-click on this icon. Select Recording
Devices.
Step 2:
On the Recording tab, right-click on an empty space
and select Show Disabled Devices.
- 107 -
Appendix
Step 3:
When the Stereo Mix item appears, right-click on
this item and select Enable. Then set it as the default
device.
Step 4:
Now you can access the HD Audio Manager to
configure Stereo Mix and use Sound Recorder to
record the sound.
5-2-5 Using the Sound Recorder
A. Recording Sound:
1. Make sure you have connected the sound input device (e.g. microphone) to the computer.
2. To record the audio, click the Start Recording button
.
3. To stop recording audio, click the Stop Recording button
.
Be sure to save the recorded audio file upon completion.
B. Playing the Recorded Sound:
You can play your recording in a digital media player program that supports your audio file format.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 108 -
5-3
Troubleshooting
5-3-1 Frequently Asked Questions
To read more FAQs for your motherboard, please go to the Support\Motherboard\FAQ page on
GIGABYTE's website.
Q: In the BIOS Setup program, why are some BIOS options missing?
A: Some advanced options are hidden in the BIOS Setup program. Press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup
during the POST. In the Main Menu, press <Ctrl>+<F1> to show the advanced options.
Q: Why is the light of my keyboard/optical mouse still on after the computer shuts down?
A: Some motherboard provides a small amount of standby power after the computer shuts down and
that's why the light is still on.
Q: How do I clear the CMOS values?
A: If your motherboard has a clearing CMOS jumper, refer to the instructions on the CLR_CMOS jumper
in Chapter 1 to short the jumper to clear the CMOS values. If your board doesn't have this jumper,
refer to the instructions on the motherboard battery in Chapter 1. You can temporarily remove the
battery from the battery holder to stop supplying power to the CMOS, which will clear the CMOS
values after about one minute. Refer to the steps below:
Steps:
1. Turn off your computer and unplug the power cord.
2. Gently remove the battery from the battery holder and wait for one minute.
(Or use a metal object like a screwdriver to touch the positive and negative terminals of the battery
holder, making them short for 5 seconds.)
3. Replace the battery.
4. Plug in the power cord and restart your computer.
5. Press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup. Select "Load Fail-Safe Defaults" (or "Load Optimized Defaults")
to load BIOS default settings.
6. Saves changes and exit BIOS Setup (select "Save & Exit Setup") to restart your computer.
Q: Why do I still get a weak sound even though I have turned my speaker to the maximum volume?
A: Make sure your speaker is equipped with an internal amplifier. If not, try a speaker with power/
amplifier.
Q: What do the beeps emitted during the POST mean?
A: The following Award BIOS beep code descriptions may help you identify possible computer problems.
(For reference only.)
1 short: System boots successfully
2 short: CMOS setting error
1 long, 1 short: Memory or motherboard error
1 long, 2 short: Monitor or graphics card error
1 long, 3 short: Keyboard error
1 long, 9 short: BIOS ROM error
Continuous long beeps: Graphics card not inserted properly
Continuous short beeps: Power error
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Appendix
5-3-2 Troubleshooting Procedure
If you encounter any troubles during system startup, follow the troubleshooting procedure below to
solve the problem.
START
Turn off the power. Remove all peripherals, connecting cables, and
power cord etc.
Make sure the motherboard does not short-circuit with the chassis
or other metal objects.
No
Isolate the short
circuit.
The problem is verified and solved.
Check if the CPU cooler is attached to the CPU securely. Is the
power connector of the CPU cooler connected to the CPU_FAN
header properly?
Yes
No
Secure the CPU
cooler on the CPU.
Connect the CPU
cooler power cable
to the motherboard.
The problem is verified and solved.
Check if the memory is installed properly on the memory slot.
Yes
No
Correctly insert the
memory into the
memory socket.
The problem is verified and solved.
Insert the graphics card. Connect the ATX main power cable and the 12V
power cable. Turn on the power to start the computer.
Press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup. Select "Load Fail-Safe Defaults"
(or "Load Optimized Defaults"). Select "Save & Exit Setup" to save
changes and exit BIOS Setup.
A
(Continued...)
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
Yes
- 110 -
A
When the computer is turned on, is the CPU cooler running?
Yes
No
The power supply,
CPU or CPU socket
might fail.
The problem is verified and solved.
Check if there is display on your monitor.
Yes
No
The graphics card,
expansion slot, or
monitor might fail.
The problem is verified and solved.
Turn off the computer. Plugg in the keyboard and mouse and restart the
computer.
Check if the keyboard is working properly.
No
The keyboard or
mouse might fail.
Yes
Press <Delete> to enter BIOS Setup. Select "Load Fail-Safe Defaults"
(or "Load Optimized Defaults"). Select "Save & Exit Setup" to save
changes and exit BIOS Setup.
Turn off the computer and connect the IDE/SATA devices.
Check if the system can boot successfully.
The problem is verified and solved.
No
The IDE/SATA
device, connector,
or cable might fail.
Yes
Reinstall the operating system. Reinstall other devices one by one (install
one device at one time and then boot the system to see if the device
The problem is verified and solved.
works successfully).
END
If the procedure above is unable to solve your problem, contact the place of purchase or local
dealer for help. Or go to the Support\Technical Service Zone page to submit your question. Our
customer service staff will reply you as soon as possible.
- 111 -
Appendix
5-4
Regulatory Statements
Regulatory Notices
This document must not be copied without our written permission, and the contents there of must not be
imparted to a third party nor be used for any unauthorized purpose. Contravention will be prosecuted.
We believe that the information contained herein was accurate in all respects at the time of printing.
GIGABYTE cannot, however, assume any responsibility for errors or omissions in this text. Also note
that the information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as
a commitment by GIGABYTE.
Our Commitment to Preserving the Environment
In addition to high-efficiency performance, all GIGABYTE motherboards fulfill European Union regulations for RoHS (Restriction of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment)
and WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) environmental directives, as well as most
major worldwide safety requirements. To prevent releases of harmful substances into the environment
and to maximize the use of our natural resources, GIGABYTE provides the following information on
how you can responsibly recycle or reuse most of the materials in your "end of life" product.
Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive Statement
GIGABYTE products have not intended to add and safe from hazardous substances (Cd, Pb, Hg, Cr+6,
PBDE and PBB). The parts and components have been carefully selected to meet RoHS requirement.
Moreover, we at GIGABYTE are continuing our efforts to develop products that do not use internationally
banned toxic chemicals.
Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive Statement
GIGABYTE will fulfill the national laws as interpreted from the 2002/96/EC WEEE (Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment) directive. The WEEE Directive specifies the treatment, collection, recycling and
disposal of electric and electronic devices and their components. Under the Directive, used equipment
must be marked, collected separately, and disposed of properly.
WEEE Symbol Statement
The symbol shown below is on the product or on its packaging, which indicates that this
product must not be disposed of with other waste. Instead, the device should be taken to
the waste collection centers for activation of the treatment, collection, recycling and
disposal procedure. The separate collection and recycling of your waste equipment at the
time of disposal will help to conserve natural resources and ensure that it is recycled in a
manner that protects human health and the environment. For more information about where you can
drop off your waste equipment for recycling, please contact your local government office, your
household waste disposal service or where you purchased the product for details of environmentally
safe recycling.
 When your electrical or electronic equipment is no longer useful to you, "take it back" to your local
or regional waste collection administration for recycling.
 If you need further assistance in recycling, reusing in your "end of life" product, you may contact us
at the Customer Care number listed in your product's user's manual and we will be glad to help you
with your effort.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 112 -
Finally, we suggest that you practice other environmentally friendly actions by understanding and
using the energy-saving features of this product (where applicable), recycling the inner and outer
packaging (including shipping containers) this product was delivered in, and by disposing of or
recycling used batteries properly. With your help, we can reduce the amount of natural resources
needed to produce electrical and electronic equipment, minimize the use of landfills for the disposal of
"end of life" products, and generally improve our quality of life by ensuring that potentially hazardous
substances are not released into the environment and are disposed of properly.
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances Table
The following table is supplied in compliance with China's Restriction of Hazardous Substances (China
RoHS) requirements:
- 113 -
Appendix
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 114 -
- 115 -
Appendix
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 116 -
- 117 -
Appendix
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 118 -
Contact Us
 GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
Address: No.6, Bau Chiang Road, Hsin-Tien,
 NINGBO G.B.T. TECH. TRADING CO., LTD. - China
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.cn
Taipei 231, Taiwan
TEL: +886-2-8912-4000
Shanghai
TEL: +86-21-63410999
FAX: +886-2-8912-4003
FAX: +86-21-63410100
Tech. and Non-Tech. Support (Sales/Marketing) :
Beijing
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw
WEB address (English): http://www.gigabyte.com.tw
TEL: +86-10-62102838
FAX: +86-10-62102848
WEB address (Chinese): http://www.gigabyte.tw
 G.B.T. INC. - U.S.A.
Wuhan
TEL: +1-626-854-9338
FAX: +1-626-854-9339
FAX: +86-27-87851330
GuangZhou
Tech. Support:
TEL: +86-20-87540700
http://rma.gigabyte-usa.com
FAX: +86-20-87544306
Web address: http://www.gigabyte.us
 G.B.T. INC (USA) - Mexico
Tel: +1-626-854-9338 x 215 (Soporte de habla hispano)
Chengdu
TEL: +86-28-85236930
FAX: +1-626-854-9339
Xian
Correo: soporte@gigabyte-usa.com
Tech. Support:
TEL: +86-29-85531943
FAX: +86-29-85510930
http://rma.gigabyte-usa.com
Shenyang
Web address: http://latam.giga-byte.com/
 GIGA-BYTE SINGAPORE PTE. LTD. - Singapore
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.sg
 Thailand
TEL: +86-24-83992901
WEB address : http://th.giga-byte.com
 Vietnam
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.vn
TEL: +86-27-87851312
FAX: +86-28-85256822
FAX: +86-24-83992909
 GIGABYTE TECHNOLOGY (INDIA) LIMITED - India
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.in
 Saudi Arabia
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.com.sa
 GIGABYTE TECHNOLOGY PTY. LTD. - Australia
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.com.au
- 119 -
Appendix
 G.B.T. TECHNOLOGY TRADING GMBH - Germany
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.de
 G.B.T. TECH. CO., LTD. - U.K.
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.co.uk
 GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY B.V. - The Netherlands
 Hungary
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.hu
 Turkey
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.com.tr
 Russia
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.nl
 GIGABYTE TECHNOLOGY FRANCE - France
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.fr
 Sweden
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.ru
 Poland
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.pl
 Ukraine
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.se
 Italy
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.it
 Spain
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.ua
 Romania
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.com.ro
 Serbia
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.es
 Greece
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.gr
 Czech Republic
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.co.yu
 Kazakhstan
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.kz
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.cz

You may go to the GIGABYTE website, select your language
in the language list on the top right corner of the website.
GIGABYTE Global Service System
To submit a technical or non-technical (Sales/
Marketing) question, please link to :
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw
Then select your language to enter the system.
GA-MA790FX-UD5P Motherboard
- 120 -
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