TABLE TENNIS - EastPoint Sports

TABLE TENNIS - EastPoint Sports
TABLE
TENNIS
Game Rules & Specifications
INTRODUCTION
About EastPoint Sports
EastPoint Sports designs and delivers home recreational products that offer the
best price-value relationship in the industry. Our talented and creative team is
unmatched in their experience and pride. Our innovative approach to all aspects
of our business enables us to provide products that are enjoyable for our
consumers. We take pride in our products, and at the end of the day, we are
proud to share them with family, friends, and our consumers because they
represent quality, innovation, value and fun.
Our EastPoint Sports team is always striving to provide our consumers with great
new products at a great value. We are passionate about our products and take
great satisfaction knowing that our hard work results in a quality product that
offers individuals and families hours of enjoyment. At EastPoint Sports, family,
friends, and fun are the name of the game. This is how we have fun and we
hope you do too!
Why Play Games?
Playing games is fun! Playing games with others has many proven health
benefits including the following:
 Reduced stress and anxiety;
 Reduced blood pressure;
 Increased self-esteem; and
 Increased bonds with family or friends.
How Do You HELP Make EastPoint Products More Fun?
Submit your own house rules or product invention ideas online at
www.eastpointsports.com.
Do You Need More Information?
Visit us online at www.eastpointsports.com for more information.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ……………………………………………….. pg 1
History of the Game ……………………………………….. pg 3
Equipment
…………….…………………………….……. pg 3
Object of the Game ……………………………………….. pg 4
Game Skills and Rules …………..……………………….. pg 5
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Table Tennis
History of the Game
Table tennis originated in Great Britain during the 1880s. It was typically played
among the upper class as a parlor game played after dinner. A row of books
were stacked along the center of the table to act as a net. Two books served as
paddles to hit a golf-ball from one end of the table to the other. Another version of
the early game employed paddles made of cigar box lids and balls made of
champagne corks. The sounds created during play gave the game its first
nickname: "wiff-waff”. Over the next couple of decades, table tennis’s popularity
continued to grow, and by 1901, table tennis tournaments were being organized
and books about table tennis were being written. In 1921, the Table Tennis
Association was founded in Britain, followed by the International Table Tennis
Federation in 1926. London hosted the first official World Championships in
1926. In 1933, the United States Table Tennis Association (now called USA
Table Tennis) was formed. Finally, in 1988, Table tennis was introduced as an
Olympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Summer Olympics.
EQUIPMENT
Table
The playing surface of an EastPoint Sports Table Tennis table meets the
standard size established by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF)rectangular, 9 feet long by 5 feet wide. The playing surface is divided into two
courts of equal size. Each court is divided into two halves by a centerline for
doubles play. See Figure A below.
Figure A:
Table Tennis Table
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Net
The EastPoint Sports Table Tennis nets meet the standard height established by
the ITTF- 6 inches above the playing surface. The bottom of the net is designed
by EastPoint Sports to be as close to the playing surface as possible.
Ball
There are two types of EastPoint Sports Table Tennis balls: 1-star and 3-star. 3Star are thicker and tested for roundness and 1-star are suitable for recreational
play. Both the 1-star and 3-star balls meet the standard size established by the
ITTF.
Paddle
The EastPoint Sports Table Tennis paddles come in various shapes and
features. When purchasing a paddle, selection should be based on personal
preference. Some tips on paddle features are provided below:
 Some paddles are rubber-faced. The stickier the paddle face, the
easier it is to achieve topspin and backspin.
 Some paddles have a layer of spongy material between the rubber
and the wood. This allows for the player to swing harder with better
control and without propelling the ball as far as a paddle with less or
no spongy layer.
 At the end of the day, it’s all about personal preference. EastPoint
Sports offers paddles of all styles and qualities. It’s just a matter of
what feels right to you.
OBJECT OF THE GAME
The object of Table Tennis is to serve or return the ball so well that your
opponent cannot return it correctly. When this happens, you score a point! Each
Table Tennis game is played to 11 points, unless both players or pairs score 10
points. In this case, the first player or pair to score a lead of 2 points wins the
game! A Table Tennis match consists of an odd-number of games (e.g. five or
seven). The first player or pair who wins the most games in a match wins the
match!
Getting ready to Play
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Setup the Table Tennis table and net according to the EastPoint
Sports Table Tennis Instructions.
Before you begin, recruit one person (i.e., singles) or three people
(i.e., doubles) to play with you. Each player uses one EastPoint
Sports Table Tennis paddle.
Stretch to warm up your muscles.
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Practice your serve, forehand, and backhand as shown in Game
Skills below. See more information on service below.
Volley for serve.
GAME SKILLS AND RULES
How to Grip the Paddle
There are many different ways to grip the paddle. Two ways that are most often
taught are the “shakehand” and the “penhold.” The shakehand is most often used
by players. The grip is similar to shaking someone’s hand: the thumb is on one
side of the paddle and the rest of the fingers are on the other side. The pinky,
ring finger and middle finger wrap around the paddle handle and the index finger
is on the paddle opposite of the thumb. See Figure B below.
Figure B:
Shakehand Grip
Backhand Side
Forehand Side
The penhold grip was once the most popular grip with some people still using it
today. In the penhold grip, the paddle is gripped as you would grip a pen with the
thumb and index finger. The rest of the fingers are on the backside of the
paddle.
Generally, the penhold grip works better for lighter paddles.
See Figure C.
Figure C:
Penhold Grip
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Service
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A serve begins with the ball resting in the server’s hand. The paddle
is in the other hand. See Figure D-1 below.
Next, the server tosses the ball at least 6 inches in the air with no spin
before the server strikes the ball with the paddle. See Figures D-2
and D-3.
From the start of service until it is struck, the ball shall be above the
playing surface and behind the server's end line.
The server strikes the ball so that it first bounces in the server’s court
before bouncing over the net and onto the opponent’s court. In
doubles, the ball should bounce in the right half of the server’s court
and then the right half of the opponent’s court. See Figure D-4.
During the entire serve, the ball should not be hidden from the
receiver.
For an 11-point game, service rotates sides every 2 points. For a 21point game, services rotates sides every 5 points.
Return
When returning the ball after it has been served or returned, the ball should be
struck so that it passes over the net and bounces in the opponent’s court. It is
acceptable if the ball touches the net before bouncing in the opponent’s court.
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Forehand Technique
A good forehand technique is the most important skill in Table Tennis. A good
forehand hits the ball softly and with control so that the ball bounces on the table
every time. See Figure E below for a diagram to show how to hit the ball using a
forehand technique.
Figure E:
Forehand
Backhand Technique
A serious player will want to develop a good backhand technique. Like the
forehand hit, a good backhand hits the ball softly and with control so that the ball
bounces on the table every time. See Figure F for a diagram to show how to hit
the ball using a backhand technique.
Figure F:
Backhand
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A Let
A let occurs when one of the following events happens:
 During a serve, if the ball touches the net as it passes over the net;
 During a serve, if the receiver is not ready for the serve;
 During a serve, if after touching the receivers court, the ball bounces
back to the servers court on its own without being touched; or
 During a serve, if the serving sequence is out of order.
When a let occurs, the result is a re-serve. No points are scored during a let.
Doubles and Singles Play
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The first player or pair to reach 11, or 21, wins the game! Or, if both
players or pairs are tied at one point less than game point, the first
player or pair to score a lead of 2 points wins the game!
In singles, after the server serves, the server and opponent return the
ball to each other until a point is scored.
In doubles, the server serves the ball, the opponent at the right side of
his or her court returns the ball, then the server’s partner returns the
ball, then the opponent at the left side of his or her court returns the
ball. This pattern of returning the ball continues until a point is
scored.
In doubles, if playing with children or persons with disabilities, after
the server serves and the opponent at the right side of his or her court
returns the ball, then either player in a pair may return the ball.
After each 2 points have been scored, the server or serving pair
become the receiver and receiving pair and the receiver or receiving
pair become the server or serving pair. However, if both players or
pairs have 10 points, or one less point than game point, then serving
and receiving switch after every 1 point scored.
In doubles, the serving pair chooses which player will serve first. That
player will serve until it is the opposing pair’s turn to serve. When
change of service occurs again, the player who did not serve the first
time will serve. Each pair will alternate in this manner for the rest of
the game.
After each game in a match, players or pairs will alternate sides of the
table.
After each game in a match, the player or pair that did not serve first
in the last game, will serve first in the next game.
Scoring Points
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A player scores a point when one of the following actions happen:
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An opponent returns the ball and it lands out of bounds;
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An opponent fails to hit the ball over the net;
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The ball bounces twice or more within bounds of the
opponent’s court;
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An opponent fails to make a correct serve;
An opponent’s returned ball touches anything other than
the net or table;
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An opponent’s returned ball passes beyond the end line
without first bouncing on the court;
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An opponent touches the table during play;
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An opponent strikes the ball twice or more in succession;
or
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For adult or serious players, a doubles opponent strikes
the ball out of the sequence established by the server
and receiver.
If it is game point, the server cannot lose the game on a serve.
Game Variations
House Rules
In addition to the rules provided above, recreational table tennis often uses the
following “house rules:”
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If a ball is in play and it is clear that the ball is going to bounce in an
illegal location (e.g., off the table), the opponent may call “off” before
hitting or catching the ball to prevent the ball from bouncing away for
retrieval. Thus the opponent still scores a point and play continues.
Allow a server as many serves as it takes to make a legal serve (i.e.,
to make it over the net).
A Longer Game
Players may decide to play to 15 or 21 points for longer play. In these cases, a
player or pair wins the game by scoring game point, or in the case where both
players or pairs score one less than game point, by scoring a lead of 2 points.
Playing Table Tennis with Children or Persons with Disabilities
When playing with children or persons with disabilities, rules may be changed to
accommodate the abilities of all players. The following rule changes are
examples:
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In doubles, players may decide that it is permissible to have just one
person in a pair serve for the entire game or match.
In doubles, players may decide to omit the rule that establishes the
correct order of sequence of players who return the ball.
Players may decide to allow small players to touch the table during
play without losing a point to their opponent.
Players may decide to allow more than one bounce of the ball in each
court without losing a point to the opponent.
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These and other rule changes may be made to ensure that everyone who wants
to play Table Tennis is having fun and has a chance to play. Contact EastPoint
Sports via www.eastpointsports.com to share your own “house rules.” We’d love
to hear from you!
Game Trivia
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Scientists released 650,000 Table Tennis balls from the 1972
Olympic ski jump in Sapporo, Japan to simulate and study the effects
of an avalanche.
Table tennis was banned in the Soviet Union during the early 1900’s
because leaders believed that the sport was harmful to the eyes.
Early table tennis paddles were typically constructed of cardboard or
wood and covered with cloth, leather or sandpaper.
Table tennis is the most popular racquet sport in the world. There are
over 300 million active members of governing associations worldwide.
Did you know the name "Ping Pong" originates from the Mandarin
Chinese pronunciation for the words table tennis?
A table tennis match at the elite level lasts, on the average, around 30
minutes. Top players can often smash the ball at speeds exceeding
100 miles per hour.
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