ONICON Model F-5500 Gas Flow Meter Instruction Manual

ONICON Model F-5500 Gas Flow Meter Instruction Manual
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
F-5500 Insertion and Inline
Thermal Mass Flow Sensor
Installation and Operation Guide
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699
www.onicon.com • sales@onicon.com
2030-1 /107023 Rev B
12-16
Model F-5500
Notice
DISCLAIMER
This publication must be read in its entirety before performing any operation. Failure
to understand and follow these instructions could result in serious personal injury
and/or damage to the equipment. Should this equipment require repair or adjustment
beyond the procedures given herein, contact the factory at:
ONICON
11451 BELCHER ROAD SOUTH
LARGO, FL 33773
TELEPHONE: 727-447-6140
FAX: 727-442-5699
EMAIL: SERVICE@ONICON.COM
Download Technical Data Sheets from our website:
www.onicon.com
ONICON believes that the information provided herein is accurate; however, be
advised that the information contained herein is NOT a guarantee for satisfactory
results. Specifically, this information is neither a warranty nor guarantee,
expressed or implied, regarding performance, merchantability, fitness, or any other
matter with respect to the products; nor recommendation for the use of the product/
process information in conflict with any patent. Please note that ONICON reserves
the right to change and/or improve the product design and specification without
notice.
ONICON F-5500 Manuals:
• ONICON F-5000 View™ Manual
All ONICON Manuals and software available in English only.
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 2
Model F-5500
Table Of Contents
1. Introduction
a. Menu Trees
2. Installation (Mechanical)
Page 5
Page 15
Page 17
a. Installation Depth
Page 22
b. Orientation of Flowmeter
Page 24
c. Rotating the Probe/Enclosure
Page 21
d. Sensor Elements
Page 21
e. Changing the Orientation of the Display
Page 28
f. Compression Fittings
Page 24
3. Wiring (Electrical)
Page 29
a. General Wiring
Page 30
b. Input Power
Page 30
c. Signal Wiring
Page 31
d. Pulse/Alarm Wiring (optional feature)
Page 33
e. RS485 Wiring: Modbus RTU or BACnet MS/TP (optional feature)
Page 35
f. HART wiring
Page 36
4. Operation (Standard Operation)
Page 39
a. Start Up
Page 39
b. Programming
Page 41
c. Zero
CAL-CHECK®
5. Communication Protocols
Page 58
Page 62
a. RS485 Modbus RTU
Page 62
b. BACnet MS/TP
Page 69
c. HART
Page 73
6. Maintenance
Page 78
a. Precautions
Page 78
b. General
Page 79
c. Troubleshooting
Page 80
7. Appendices
TABLE OF CONTENTS
b. Quick Start Guide
Page 5
Page 86
a. Specifications
Page 86
b. Agency Approvals
Page 88
c. Dimensions
Page 89
d. Warranty
Page 89
e. Returning your meter
Page 93
8. Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
Page 94
9. Index
Page 95
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 3
Model F-5500
Introduction: Safety Information
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
This sensor was calibrated at the factory before shipment. To ensure correct use of the sensor, please read
this manual thoroughly.
Regarding this Manual:
• This manual should be passed on to the end user.
• Before use, read this manual thoroughly to comprehend its contents.
• The contents of this manual may be changed without prior notice.
• All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form without ONICON's written
permission.
• All reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual. However, if any
errors are found, please inform ONICON.
• ONICON assumes no responsibilities for this product except as stated in the warranty.
• If the customer or any third party is harmed by the use of this product, ONICON assumes no responsibility
for any such harm owing to any defects in the product which were not predictable, or for any indirect
damages.
Safety Precautions:
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of installation, operation,
service, and repair of this product. Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific WARNINGS
given elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of
the product . ONICON Incorporated assumes no liability for the customer's failure to comply with these
requirements. If this product is used in a manner not specified in this manual, the protection provided by
this product may be impaired.
The following symbols are used in this manual:
i
Messages identified as "Note" or "Important Note" contain information critical to the
proper operation of the product.
Messages identified as "Caution" (refer to accompanying documents) contain
information regarding potential damage to the product or other ancillary products.
Messages identified as "Warning" contain information regarding the personal safety of
individuals involved in the installation, operation or service of this product.
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 4
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Main Menu
Fig. 1.1: F-5500 Menu Tree - Main Menu
Enter menu by scrolling to display 4 (p. 41)
and entering the password
(p. 42)
Display Menu, p. 9
Flow Menu 1, p. 7
If RS485 hardware detected
If HART hardware detected/with license
SET I/O
COM 420 EXIT
OR
SET I/O
COM PUL 420 EXIT
If pulse/alarm hardware detected
OR
SET I/O
PUL 420 EXIT
Communication
NONE
MODBUS
BACnet
Comm=HART
OK Comm=MODBUS
NXT OK 0‐63
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
57600
76800
115200
Baud=9600
NXT OK NONE
ODD
EVEN
Parity=NONE
NXT OK Temp
Flow
Address=0
CHG OK
mA=Flow
NXT OK
Analog Output
20 mA=2345.6 SCFM
CHG OK
4 mA=0 SCFM
CHG OK
01‐247
Address=02
CHG OK
9600
19200
38400
57600
76800
115200
Baud=9600
NXT OK Modbus only
Not use
3.6 mA
21 mA
mA Fault=Not use
NXT OK
MAC_add=3
CHG OK Digital Output Menu, p. 6
Max_master=127
CHG OK BACnet only
ID=12345
CHG OK Name=F‐5500
CHG OK 11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 5
INTRODUCTION
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Digital Output
Fig. 1.2: F-5500 Menu Tree - Digital Output
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
The Pulse menu items will only appear for models that have ordered a Pulse output option with their F‐5500 meter.
Alarm output
(p. 45)
Not used
Pulse
HiFloAlm
LoFloAlm
HiTempAlm
LoTempAlm
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
Set I/O
PUL 420 EXIT
OUT= Pulse
NXT OK
(p. 43)
Pulse
High Flow Alarm
OUT= HiFloAlm
NXT OK
Pulse Output
U/P FEQ EXIT
(p. 43)
HiFloAlm=500 SCFM
CHG OK
Low Flow Alarm
OUT= LoFloAlm
NXT OK
1
10
100
1000
U/P=10
NXT OK
MaxFreq=1Hz
OK
MaxFlo=36000 SCFM
CHG OK
LoFloAlm=100 SCFM
CHG OK
High Temp Alarm
OUT= HiTmpAlm
NXT OK
HiTmpAlm=250° F
CHG OK
Low Temp Alarm
OUT= LoTmpAlm
NXT OK
LoTmpAlm=10 F
CHG OK
(See Flow Menu 2, p. 8, for more alarm settings)
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 6
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Flow Menu 1
Fig. 1.3: F-5500 Menu Tree - Flow Menu 1
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
Flow Menu 2 Menu, p. 8
(p. 56)
DIAGNOSTIC
SIM ZERO EXIT
Simulate Flow?
YES NO
FloSim=0 SCFM
CHG OK
Simulate Temp?
YES NO
TmpSim=0 ° F
CHG OK
ENABLE SIM?
YES NO
SCFH
NM3/H
NM3/M
KG/H
KG/M
KG/S
LBS/H
LBS/M
LBS/S
NLPH
NLPM
MMSCFD
LBS/D
SLPM
NLPS
MSCFD
SM3/H
MT/H
NM3/D
MMSCFM
SCFD
MCFD
SM3/M
SM3/D
SCFM
Deg F
Deg C
FLO UNT=SCFH
NXT OK
(p. 49)
TMP UNT= °F
NXT OK
STP
TmpRef=60 °F
CHG OK
mmHG
Psia
bara
PRES UNT=Psia
NXT OK
PresRef=14.73
CHG OK
DNS=1.2323 kg/m3
OK
Zero CAL-CHECK® Menu, p. 10
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 7
INTRODUCTION
FLOW MENU 1
DGN UNT FM2 EXIT
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Flow Menu 2
Fig. 1.4: F-5500 Menu Tree - Flow Menu 2
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
FLOW MENU 1
DGN UNT FM2 EXIT
FLOW MENU 2
SPC PRM EXIT
Parameters
(p. 51)
Level 2
(p. 54)
K fact = 0%
CHG OK
Cutoff=12.5 SCFM
CHG OK
Flow cutoff in selected units
RESTORE DATABASE
YES NO
Pipe_id=4.026 In
CHG OK
Pipe id in inches or mm
RESET CRC?
YES NO
Filter=0.8 sec
CHG OK
Flow Filter in seconds
Min = 0.8, max = 10
SET NRT?
YES NO
WARNING: Once the non‐resettable totalizer is activated, it cannot be undone.
This message will show for 3 seconds before returning to the Flow Parameter 2 Menu.
ARE YOU SURE?
YES NO
On
Off
Total Reset On OK
HiFloAlm=0 SCFH
CHG OK
(p. 52)
LoFloAlm=0 SCFH
CHG OK
HiTmpAlm=0 °F
CHG OK
These alarms can be used without the digital output assigned to the alarm.
If that is the case, the alarm status will only be shown on the display, through serial communication or F‐5000 View.
If the digital output is assigned to an alarm, changing the value here will change that setting.
LoFloAlm=0 °F
CHG OK
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 8
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Display Menu
Fig. 1.5: F-5500 Menu Tree - Display Menu
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
Display 1 Line 1
Display 1 Line 2
Flo rate
Total
Elps
Temp
Alarm
DSP1L1=Flo rate
NXT OK
Display 2 Line 1
Flo rate
Total
Elps
Temp
Alarm
DSP1L2=Total
NXT OK
Display 2 Line 2
Flo rate
Total
Elps
Temp
Alarm
DSP2L1=Temp
NXT OK
Flo rate
Total
Elps
Temp
Alarm
DSP2L2=Elps
NXT OK
On
Off
(p. 46)
PASSWD=1234
CHG OK
(p. 48)
When alternate "ON", flashes between the 2 displays
ALTERNATE=Off
NXT OK
Note: All readings updated every second
• Flo Rate = Flow rate of process gas
• Total = Total flow of process gas
• Elps = Elapsed time since reset of flow total
• Temp = Temperature of process gas
• Alarm = Notification of errors; diagnostic errors
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 9
INTRODUCTION
DISPLAY/PASSWORD
DSP PSW EXIT
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Zero CAL-CHECK®
Menu
Fig. 1.6: F-5500 Menu Tree - Zero CAL-CHECK® Menu
MAIN MENU
I/O FLO DSP EXIT
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
FLOW MENU 1
DGN UNT FM2 EXIT
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
SIM ZER0 EXIT
ZERO CHK MENU
VER EXIT (p. 60)
VERIFY ZERO?
YES NO Process Zero and
Stable? YES EXIT Verifying ZERO
0.512 T=123
Displays a number value during test
ZERO=2.321
Fail OK
Displays the test’s count down timer
ZERO=0.257
Pass OK
ZERO=0.911
Warning OK
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 10
Model F-5500
Introduction: Menu Trees
Engineering Display
Fig. 1.7: F-5500 Menu Tree - Engineering Display
Enter: Press F1 & F2 at the same time
Press F4 to return to normal mode
Display 10
Pulse=1234.5 cnt
mA_420=234 cnt
Display 11
Elp=12.5 HR
Stat(hex)=2800
Display 12
Alarm=None
F‐5500 V3.5d
Display 13
MB_Sn=M23949234
BB_Sn=M23945524
Display 14
MTR_Sn=N12345
SNS_Sn=23456
Display 15
FloHi=0.00 SCFH
FloLo=0.00 SCFH
Display 16
TmpHi=0.0 F
TmpLo=0.0 F
Display 17
Pwr_Cycl=24
Err_tot=0
Display 18
ZRO= 0.1
INTRODUCTION
3124.6 SCFH
csv = 0.3432 Volt
F1 Key
F2 Key
Display 19
F3 & F4 pressed at the same time will initiate a "Total" reset
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 11
Model F-5500
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
Welcome
Product
Description
Thank you for purchasing the Model F-5500 Thermal Gas Mass Flow Meter from
ONICON. The Model F-5500 is one of the most technically advanced flow meters
in the world. An extensive engineering effort has been invested to deliver advanced
features, accurate measurement performance and outstanding reliability.
This Instruction Manual contains the electrical and mechanical installation instructions
as well as details for programming, maintaining and troubleshooting the meter.
This manual is divided into the following sections: Introduction, Installation, Wiring,
Operation, Maintenance, Troubleshooting, Appendices, Glossary and Index.
Theory of Operation
The Model F-5500 is an innovative Thermal Mass Gas Flow Meter and Temperature
Transmitter. It is microprocessor-based and field programmable. The F-5500 thermal
sensor operates on the law that gases absorb heat. A heated sensor placed in an air
or gas stream transfers heat in proportion to the stream’s mass flow velocity. There
are two sensor elements. One sensor element detects the gas temperature and a
second element is maintained at a constant temperature above the gas temperature.
The energy applied to the heated sensor to maintain a constant temperature differential
(constant ∆ T) is directly proportional to the mass flow velocity. The F-5500 flow
meter maintains accurate flow measurement over a large temperature and pressure
range.
Mass Flow
Mass Flow
The Model F-5500 measures mass flow; an advantage over other flow meters which
measure volumetric flow. Volumetric flow is incomplete because temperature and
pressure are unknown and must be measured separately. For example, the mass
flow of a gas depends on its temperature and pressure. As temperature and pressure
changes, the gas volume changes but not its mass. Therefore a device measuring
mass flow is independent of temperature and pressure changes. The Model F-5500
provides a direct measurement of gas flow in mass units (kg/hr, lb/hr), standard units
(SCFM, SLPM) or normal units (NM3/hr, NLPM) with no additional temperature or
pressure measurements required.
DDC-Sensor™
Technology
DDC-Sensor™ Technology Description
The ONICON DDC-Sensor™ is a new state of the art sensor technology used in the
ONICON Model F-5500 Thermal Gas Flow Meter. The DDC-Sensor™, a Direct Digitally
Controlled sensor, is unlike other thermal flow sensors available on the market.
Instead of using traditional analog circuitry, the DDC-Sensor™ is interfaced directly to
the F-5500 microprocessor for more speed and programmability. The DDC-Sensor™
quickly and accurately responds to changes in process variables by utilizing the
microprocessor to determine mass flow rate, totalized flow, and temperature.
ONICON’s DDC-Sensor™ provides a technology platform for calculating accurate gas
correlations.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 12
Model F-5500
Introduction
Flow
Calibration
Flow Calibration
The ONICON Calibration Lab maintains instrument calibration data on every flow meter.
Calibration files include details on process conditions, customer gas, line size and
other information. All NIST-traceable equipment utilized for the calibration procedure is
identified on the Calibration Certificate, which is sent with every flow meter.
In addition to the Calibration Certificate, a certified flow table that correlates current
outputs with scaled units of flow is produced for each calibrated device.
I/O Description
I/O Description
The F-5500 features a galvanically isolated 4-20mA analog output with HART
communication option and a second output for pulse, RS485 Modbus RTU or BACnet
MS/TP. There is also a mini USB port for interfacing with a laptop or computer. The
4-20mA output can be configured for flow rate or process gas temperature and can be
scaled by the user. The pulse output can be used for pulse or alarm, is programmable
to represent flow rate and can be scaled for units per pulse at a maximum pulse output
frequency of 1 Hz.
F-5000 View™ interfaces to the USB port and is a free PC-based software program
that displays flow meter readings and permits flow meter configuration. The software
is available for download on the ONICON website. Industry standard communication
options are available including optional RS485 Modbus RTU, BACnet MS/TP, or HART.
Note: the latest version of the F-5000 View software is available for download at http://
www.onicon.com/F5500.html .
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 13
INTRODUCTION
Calibration records include details on process conditions, calibration fluid, line size and
other information. All NIST-traceable equipment utilized for the calibration procedure is
identified, as is the calibration history of all reference equipment.
Model F-5500
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
Display
F-5500 Functional Diagram
An on-board 2 line x 16 character backlit LCD display shows flow rate, total flow,
elapsed time, process gas temperature, and alarms. The display is also used in
conjunction with the User Interface for field configuration of flow meter settings such
as 4-20mA scaling, frequency output scaling, pipe area, zero flow cutoff, flow filtering
or dampening, display configurations, diagnostics, and alarm limits.
Fig. 1.8: F-5500 Function Diagram
Standard I/O
4 -20mA Flow or Temperature
12-28VDC Input Power
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
Selectable Output Options
Display and
Configuration Panel
F1
F2
F3
F4
Pulse or Alarm
RS485 Modbus RTU, BACnet MS/TP
HART Communication
Standard Digital Communications
USB
(Free F-5000 View Software)
Outputs and Communications are
Galvanically Isolated
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 14
Model F-5500
Introduction: Quick Start Guide
Use the table and images below as a guide while using the worksheet on the next page to record your notes.
Note: Please read the entire Quick-start procedure before beginning installation.
1.
OUTER
DIAMETER (OD)
INSIDE
DIAMETER (ID)
Record upstream and downstream straight-pipe
requirements based on tables for insertion (p.
18) and inline (p. 26).
FLOW
Upstream
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Open the housing. If needed, the orientation of
display can be rotated in 90° increments for a
better view of the display in tight installations.
[refer to p. 28 for more information]
Ensure power wiring and 4-20mA wiring
properly connected
[refer to p. 30 - p. 32 for more information]
INDICATOR:
- POINT IN DIRECTION
OF FLOW
- REMOVE TO ROTATE
HOUSING ±90º, ±180º
- REPLACE INDICATOR
WHEN DONE
LOOSEN
HOUSING
WITH 2 FRONT
SET SCREWS,
RETIGHTEN
WHEN DONE
PIPE
CL
0.73"
(18.5 mm)
FLOW
ACCESS DISPLAY
BY UNSCREWING COVER
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
F1
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
REMOVE SCREWS ON
DISPLAY TO ROTATE
DISPLAY ±180°
F4
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
!
Tx/Rx(+)
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
Tx/Rx(-)
!
F3
Common
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
!
F2
4-20mA(+)
Verify you have the proper output signal wiring
setup based on model type (Pulse/Alarm or
communication protocol)
[refer to p. 33 - p. 35 for more information]
FLOW
4-20mA(-)
8.
a. The Flow Direction Indicator must point in the
direction of flow.
b. The Indicator can also be used to change the
orientation of the housing for a better view of the
meter's display. Note that the 2 set screws must
be loosened before the housing will turn.
[refer to p. 21 for more information]
Ensure correct probe depth setting. If using 1 ½"
size pipe, please see note on p. 22.
Downstream
Power on the flow meter
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
Initializing...
9.
Check the remaining flow meter settings by accessing the meter settings either
the front panel
F1
F2 through
F3
F4
of the display or by using the F-5000 View™ software tool. Record the settings in the spaces given for
items A - D on the following page.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 15
INTRODUCTION
2.
Record inside diameter (ID). Ensure the actual
pipe ID matches the pipe ID shown on the
factory calibration certificate. If IDs do not
match, refer to p. 52.
Model F-5500
Introduction: Quick Start Guide
Before powering on your meter, use this worksheet to record your notes.
INTRODUCTION
DISCLAIMER
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Item to verify
What is the Pipe ID?
Calculate the Upstream/
Downstream straight-pipe
requirements
a. Is the flow indicator
pointed in direction of flow?
b. Must the housing be
rotated for easy viewing?
Is the probe depth setting
correct?
Have you rotated the display
for easier viewing?
Verify proper power wiring
setup
Verify proper output wiring
setup
Serial Number:
Serial Number:
Serial Number:
Serial Number:
ID =
ID =
ID =
ID =
UP =
DN =
UP =
DN =
UP =
DN =
UP =
DN =
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
After powering on your meter, check items A - D below by accessing the meter settings either through the
front panel of the meter's display or by using the F-5000 View software tool.
A. Which flow units have been
set in meter? (SCFH, KG/H,
etc..)
B. Correct values for reference Y / N
Y/N
Y/N
Y/N
temperature and pressure?
C. Confirm the pipe ID listed
above same as "Pipe_id="
D. Verify the 4mA and 20mA
4mA =
4mA =
4mA =
4mA =
meter settings
20mA =
20mA =
20mA =
20mA =
Your Notes:
If you are experiencing any problems after completing this procedure, please call the ONICON Service
Department at 727-447-6140 to review this information.
11451 Belcher Road South, Largo, FL 33773 • USA • Tel +1 (727) 447-6140 • Fax +1 (727) 442-5699 • sales@onicon.com
F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 16
Model F-5500
Installation: General
Installation Model F-5500
Flow Meter
Scope
This section describes how to install the ONICON Model F-5500 Flow Meter and how
to get started:
Determine lateral position on the pipe
Sensor installation depth
Sensor orientation in relation to sensor length and direction of flow
Proper tightening of compression fitting for mounting meter
Installation procedures must be performed using a combination of the end user’s
best engineering practices, in compliance with local codes, and manufacturer’s
recommendations.
General Precautions
The following general precautions should be observed:
1. Exercise care when handling the flow meter to avoid damaging the probe, sensor
or enclosure.
2. The enclosure cover must be closed except during installation or configuration.
3. Mounting F-5500 in direct sunlight can cause the temperature inside the enclosure
to increase beyond design limits, resulting in failure of LCD display and reduced
component life. It is recommended that a sunshade be installed to avoid direct
sunlight (see maximum enclosure operating temperature specification in appendix).
4. Ensure the flow direction indicator/pointer for the meter is in line with the direction
of flow in the pipe.
5. Do not install the F-5500 enclosure near an igniter, igniter-controller or switching
equipment.
6. Do not install an external power supply in a cabinet containing an igniter controller
or switching equipment.
7. For accurate flow measurement: review flow meter placement instructions before
installation to ensure a proper flow profile in the pipe.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 17
INTRODUCTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Insertion Flow
Meter Lateral
Placement
Note: The probe diameter is ¾".
Fig. 2.1: Upstream and Downstream Pipe IDs for Insertion Meters
INSTALLATION
i
Instructions for Insertion Flow Meter Lateral Placement
Install the Model F-5500 Insertion style flow meter so that it is far enough away from
bends in the pipe, obstructions, or changes in line sizes to ensure a consistent flow
profile. Review straight run requirements table on p. 21.
Proper
Flow
Profile
F1
F2
F3
F4
FLOW
Downstream
Upstream
Irregular Flow
Profile
F1
F2
F3
F4
Do not substitute threaded tees for
the welded branch outlet. Contact
ONICON if you need installation
hardware for threaded pipe.
i
Note: An irregular flow profile may affect sensor accuracy.
Special Conditions of Use:
• Consult the manufacturer if dimensional information on the flameproof
joints is necessary.
• The flamepaths of the equipment are not intended to be repaired. Consult
the manufacturer if repair of the flamepath joints is necessary
• Follow the manufacturer's instructions to reduce the potential of an
electrostatic charging hazard.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 18
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Installation
Hardware
Installation Hardware
ONICON F-5500 Insertion Thermal Mass Flow Meters employ a process adapter fitting
design that allows for insertion and removal, when necessary, without interrupting
flow and draining the pipe. To take advantage of this feature, the flow meter must be
installed through an isolation valve. The installation must allow for sufficient overhead
clearance to fully extract the meter, and a full 7/8" opening in the pipe wall is required
to clear the sensor head and allow for insertion. Make sure that your valves and fittings
are full port and at least 1" in actual internal diameter.
CLEARANCE
REQUIRED
FOR INSTALLATION
Typically
30” - 40”
depending on
pipe size and
height of valve
assembly.
Standard Installation
Kit for Steel Pipe
1” Full Port Ball Valve
1” Close Nipple
1” Branch Outlet
INSTALLATION
Fig. 2.2: Installation Requirements
Minimum Hole Size = 7/8”
Must be centered
Caution: ONICON insertion style flow meters must be installed through a valve
assembly. Failure to do so negates the ability to remove the meter without shutting
down and draining the system. It will also result in an excessive amount of stem
protruding from the pipe. Excessive stem lengths unnecessarily expose the meter to
incidental damage.
i
Flow
Conditioners
Important Note: Flow meters installed through oversized access holes will be subjected
to undesirable turbulence that may affect the accuracy of the meter.
Flow Conditioners
Flow conditioners may be required when an insufficient straight run of pipe is available
upstream of the proposed sensor location. ONICON provides flow conditioners as an
optional accessory.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 19
anywhere in upper 180°
Installation: Insertion Type
20%
Flow
Conditioners
30” - 36”
Depending on
pipe size
Fig. 2.3: Placement of Optional Flow Conditioners in Pipe
Flow
80%
INSTALLATION
Flow
Available Straight Run*
CLEARANCE
REQUIRED
FOR INSTALLATION
80%
Model F-5500
20%
Available Straight Run*
* See following page for straight run requirements
Schedule 40 Flow Conditioners
Nom. Dia.
Dimension A
1½"
6.00"
2"
6.00"
2½"
9.00"
3"
9.00"
4"
9.00"
6"
12.00"
Optional
Flow Conditioner
Flow
Minumum upstream
straight run distance
with conditioner
Minumum upstream
straight run distance
without conditioner
A
Minumum
downstream
straight run
distance
ONICON flow conditioners are designed to be installed between two flanges (provided
by installer) that are located a specific distance upstream of the flow sensor. The use
of flow conditioners significantly reduces the upstream straight pipe length requirement
for flow sensor. The size of the flow conditioner must match the pipe size. Contact
ONICON for Schedule 80 flow conditioners.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 20
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Fig. 2.4: Straight Run Requirements for Upstream Obstructions - Insertion
Straight run required
upstream of meter location
without flow conditioner
Straight run required
upstream of flow conditioner
mounting flange
Straight run required
downstream of meter
location
Single bend preceded by ≥ 9 diameters
of straight pipe
15 Diameters
3 Diameters
5 Diameters
Pipe size reduction in straight pipe run
15 Diameters
3 Diameters
5 Diameters
Multiple bends in plane with < 9
diameters of straight pipe between them
20 Diameters
9 Diameters
5 Diameters
Pipe size expansion in straight run
30 Diameters
10 Diameters
5 Diameters
Tees
30 Diameters
10 Diameters
5 Diameters
Multiple bends out of pipe
40 Diameters
10 Diameters
5 Diameters
Modulating or regulating valve
40 Diameters
10 Diameters
5 Diameters
i
Sensor
Orientation
Direction of
Flow
Sensor
Element
Alignment
Important Note: Always use the maximum available straight run. When more than
the minimum required straight run is available place the meter such that the excess
straight run is upstream of the
meter location.
Fig. 2.5: Orientation of Flow
Meter
Install the flow meter with the
flow direction indicator pointing
in the direction of flow in the
pipe.
SET SCREW
INSTALLATION
Upstream obstruction
FLOW DIRECTION
INDICATOR
PIPE
FLOW
Sensor Element Alignment
Every F-5500 flowmeter is equipped with equal length sensor elements. To be sure
that the flowmeter elements are lined up correctly in the process stream, please
refer to "Fig. 2.5: Orientation of Flow Meter" on page 21and be sure that the Flow
Direction Indicator is pointing in the direction of flow in the pipe.
Fig. 2.6: Sensor
Elements
+5°
FLOW
FLOW
i
-5°
Note: Rotational misalignment must not exceed ±5°.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 21
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Installation Installing the Sensor
Procedure There are two different versions of the insertion style F-5500. The standard version and the
high pressure version are shown below.
Fig. 2.7a: Standard F-5500
F2
F3
F4
F1
INSTALLATION
F1
Fig. 2.7b: High Pressure F-5500
"X"
The standard version of the F-5500 is hand
insertable into pipes with operating pressures up
to 60 psig.
F2
F3
F4
"X"
The high pressure version of the F-5500 is hand insertable
up to 100 psig. For applications above 100 psig, it is
necessary to isolate flow and relieve pressure before
attempting to install or remove the meter. The maximum
operating pressure for this version of the meter is 150 psig.
Installation Procedure
The installation depth of the sensor in the pipe is dependent on the pipe size. To get the most
accurate reading, proper placement of the sensor window within the pipe is necessary. Use
the following procedure to determine the proper depth setting for your meter. The procedure
is valid for nominal pipe sizes of 1.5" through 8". The maximum allowable height of the
installation hardware (branch outlet, close nipple & ball valve) is 6" as measured from the
outside wall of the pipe to the top of the valve.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 22
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Installation
Procedure
ID
Nominal Dia.
OD
INSTALLATION
Procedure:
1. Locate the pipe ID listed on the calibration information label on the side of the flow
meter enclosure. This information is also available on the calibration certificate.
2. Confirm that this inside diameter (ID) corresponds to the nominal diameter of the
pipe where the meter is installed.
a. To determine the nominal pipe size, measure the circumference of the pipe
without the insulation and divide this value by pi (3.14). This will give you the
outside diameter (OD).
b. Use the table on the following page to locate the nominal pipe size and ID
based on the OD
c. The table provides dimensions for common schedule 40 and schedule 80
pipes.
d. Contact ONICON for assistance if your pipe dimensions are not shown.
3. Once the ID is confirmed, prepare to insert the flow sensor by ensuring the
compression fitting is loose.
4. Thread the process adapter fitting on to the ball valve and tighten. Use the
appropriate thread sealant, as required, to ensure a leak free connection.
5. Open the ball valve and carefully insert the flow sensor until the end of the stem
just contacts the opposite wall of the pipe.
6. Mark the position of the stem where it exits the top of the compression fitting.
7. Withdraw the stem "X" distance as measured from the top of the compression
fitting. At the same time, position the electronics enclosure parallel to the pipe
in the correct orientation relative to the flow direction as shown in "Fig. 2.5:
Orientation of Flow Meter" on page 21. This will position the sensor with its axis
in line with the flow and in the correct direction.
8. Read the instructions on the next page before tightening the compression fitting.
- - FOR METERS WITH THE HIGH PRESSURE SAFETY CABLE - 9. Once the compression fitting is tight, attach the safety cable using the capture nut
provided.
10.If necessary, rotate the top clamp to re-align the cable with the bottom clamp.
When rotating the clamp, make sure that it remains at the top of the stem pressed
firmly against the spacer. (see appendices for details).
* refer to model number coding to determin the stem length of your meter.
X
Schedule Schedule Schedule Schedule
40
80
40
80
Minimum Stem Length*
1 ½"
1.900"
1.610"
1.500"
Always Use 0.1"
15"
2"
2.375"
2.067"
1.939"
0.304"
0.240"
15"
2 ½"
2.875"
2.469"
2.323"
0.505"
0.432"
15"
3"
3.500"
3.068"
2.900"
0.804"
0.720"
15"
4"
4.500"
4.026"
3.826"
1.283"
1.183"
15"
6"
6.625"
6.065"
5.761"
2.303"
2.151"
18"
8"
8.625"
7.981"
7.625"
3.261"
3.083"
18"
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 23
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Compression
Fittings
Compression Fittings
While holding the fitting body steady, finger tighten the nut. Then, tighten the nut with
wrenches an additional one and one-quarter (1 ¼) turn. If beginning at 6 o'clock, the
wrench would make one full turn back to 6 o'clock and rest at the 9 o'clock position for
proper compression. See Figure 2.9 below.
INSTALLATION
Caution: Tightening the compression fitting will crimp the fitting to the stem of the flow
meter and lock the depth setting into place. Don’t tighten the compression fitting until
you’ve completed all steps in the installation section of this manual.
Fig. 2.8: Proper Tightening of the Compression Fitting Nut
Rotating the
Enclosure
Rotating the Enclosure
The Model F-5500 has been designed to allow the enclosure to rotate into four
positions for optimal viewing of the display. To rotate the enclosure, first loosen the
two set screws near the Flow Direction Indicator. Then unscrew and remove the Flow
Direction Indicator to allow the enclosure to swivel into the desired position. Then
screw the Flow Direction Indicator back into its place, ensuring that it points in the
direction of flow, and tighten the set screws.
Fig. 2.9: Orientation of Flow Meter, Rotating Enclosure
SET SCREW
FLOW DIRECTION
INDICATOR
PIPE
FLOW
Install the meter with the flow direction indicator pointing in the direction of flow in the
pipe.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 24
Model F-5500
Installation: Insertion Type
Removing
the Meter
Removal of the Meter
Follow these instructions for safe removal of the meter from the pipe.
WARNING: SYSTEM MAY BE UNDER HIGH PRESSURE.
Do not attempt to remove meters with the standard process adapter fitting from any piping
system operating at pressures above 60psig without first relieving pressure in the pipe.
Do not attempt to remove any meter with the high pressure process adapter fitting and cable
assembly operating at pressures above 100 psig without first relieving pressure in the pipe.
Procedure:
1. Slowly unscrew the compression fitting nut while maintaining a firm grip on the
enclosure to counteract the effect of pressure
in the pipe.
2. Once the nut is fully disengaged from the
threads, the meter will be free to move.
Carefully withdraw the flow meter stem from
the pipe until the sensor head is fully inside the
Compression fitting
process adapter fitting.
Compression fitting
nut
3. After the meter is completely withdrawn, slowly
close the valve to isolate flow.
Process adapter
F1
F2
F3
INSTALLATION
When removing the flow meter, be sure to hold the electronics enclosure firmly by hand
before unscrewing the compression fitting nut. Failure to do this will allow the pressure in
the pipe to suddenly and rapidly force the meter from the pipe potentially causing serious
injury. The meter could also be damaged or break apart causing a break in the seal with the
resultant loss of fluid from the piping system. The hand effort required to hold the meter will
be 0.44 times the pipe pressure.
F4
fitting
i
NOTE: At this point, the piping system is
isolated, but the process adapter fitting will
contain a small volume of process fluid under
pressure.
Ball valve
4. After the valve is completely closed, slowly
unscrew the compression fitting from the
top of the process adapter fitting leaving the
adapter fitting on the ball valve.
i
NOTE: As the compression fitting is removed, pressure will be vented from the ball
valve.
5. For meters provided with the high pressure process adapter fitting, disconnect the safety
cable at the bottom by removing the capture nut. Be sure to fully re-attach the nut to the
cable once the meter is removed from the pipe.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 25
Model F-5500
Installation: Inline Type
INSTALLATION
Flow Meter
Placement
Inline Type
Instructions for Inline Flow Meter Placement
Install the Model F-5500 Inline style flow meter so that it is far enough away from
bends in the pipe, obstructions, or changes in line sizes to ensure a consistent flow
profile. Review the straight run requirements table on p. 27.
The Model F-5500 is threaded or flanged to the customer’s pipe. Care should be
taken to ensure that the diameter of the mating pipe is the same diameter as the Model
F-5500 flow body or errors in flow readings can occur. The installation procedure
should be a combination of the end user’s best engineering practices, in compliance
with local codes, and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
See "Fig. 2.11: Straight Run Requirements for Upstream Obstructions - Inline" on page
27 for a detailed look at upstream and downstream pipe diameters for inline meters.
Fig. 2.10: Upstream and Downstream Pipe IDs for Inline Meters
Proper
Profile
F2
F3
F4
FLOW
Upstream
Downstream
Irregular
Profile
F4
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 26
Model F-5500
Installation: Inline Type
Fig. 2.11: Straight Run Requirements for Upstream Obstructions - Inline
Upstream
Obstructions
Minimum straight run required upstream of flow meter process connection based
on the nature of the upstream obstruction
Upstream obstruction
1"
1 ¼"
1 ½"
2"
2 ½"
3"
4"
6"
Single bend preceded by ≥ 9 diameters
of straight pipe OR Pipe size reduction in
straight pipe run
2.25"
3"
3.75"
4.5"
6"
7.5"
9"
12"
18"
Multiple bends in plane with < 9
diameters of straight pupe between them
OR Pipe size expansion in straight run
6.75"
9"
11.25"
13.5"
18"
22.5"
27"
36"
54"
Tees
7.5"
10"
12.5"
15"
20"
25"
30"
40"
60"
Multiple bends out of plane
7.5"
10"
12.5"
15"
20"
25"
30"
40"
60"
9"
12"
15"
18"
24"
30"
36"
48"
72"
Modulating or regulating valves OR
Diaphram or roots type utility meters
Minimum downstream straight run required after flow meter process connection
2.25"
Flow Body
Orientation
Inline Type
3"
3.75"
4.5"
6"
7.5"
9"
12"
18"
INSTALLATION
¾"
Inline Orientation
Install the flow body so that the flow indicator is pointing in the direction of flow.
Fig. 2.12: Orientation of an Inline Meter - Flow Direction Indicator
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
F1
F2
F3
F4
Flow Body
FLOW
i
Note: ONICON does not supply gaskets for this product.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 27
Model F-5500
Installation: Inline Type
INSTALLATION
Changing
Display
Orientation
Changing the Orientation of the F-5500 Display
The display can be rotated in 90° increments for optimal viewing of the screen. First,
open the enclosure by unscrewing the enclosure cap and loosen the two captive
phillips screws to open the display assembly. Detach the display board from the
metal shield by loosening the three screws on the back of the round shield. Rotate the
display board to the desired orientation. Ensure that the display cable is routed flat and
straight through the display hinge to prevent binding. Reattach the display board to the
metal shield by tightening the three screws. Close the display assembly and secure it
to the enclosure with the two captive screws. Finally, install the enclosure cover back
on the front of the enclosure.
Fig. 2.13 - Accessing Wiring Terminals or Rotating the Display
Loosen these two screws to
open the display and access
wiring terminals.
Loosen these three screws
to rotate the display in 90°
increments (±180°).
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
F1
F2
F3
F4
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 28
Model F-5500
Wiring: General
Scope
Wiring Instructions
To wire the F-5500, unscrew and remove the enclosure cap and loosen the two captive
screws on the display assembly. Rotate it open to access the wiring terminals. Refer to
"Fig. 2.13 - Accessing Wiring Terminals or Rotating the Display" on page 28 for location
of screws.
Precautions
Wiring Precautions - WARNING:
• Do not open the enclosure when energized or an explosive atmosphere is present.
• Connect earth ground to a chassis ground screw on the inside or outside of F-5500
enclosure to reduce the potential of an electrostatic charging hazard.
• All plumbing and electrical installations of flow meters must be in compliance
with local codes, the end user’s best engineering practices, and manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• Do not install the F-5500 enclosure near an igniter, igniter-controller or switching
equipment to eliminate the possibility of noise interference.
• Do not install an external power supply in a cabinet containing an igniter controller or
switching equipment.
• This flow meter contains components that can be damaged by static electricity. You
must discharge yourself by touching a grounded steel pipe or other grounded metal
prior to working inside this flow meter.
• Close any unused conduit entries using suitably certified plugs
Power Wiring
Power Wiring
For wiring the 12 to 28VDC power, use stranded copper wire, no larger than 16-gauge.
Twisted pair shielded cable is recommended. Supply connection wiring must be rated for
at least 90°C.
Grounding
Grounding
The enclosure must be properly grounded with a quality earth ground. 16 gauge, stranded
wire is recommended.
Signal Wiring
Signal Wiring
For signal and serial communication wiring, the recommended wire gauge is 18 to 22
AWG. Always use twisted pair shielded cable.
WIRING
Connect the power and signal wires to the terminal blocks according to the label and
instructions on the following pages.
Cut all wires as short as allowable for a minimum service loop. Obtain the correct length
for the F-5500 wires using one of these methods:
• Trim the wires to extend 2 inches out of the enclosure after the conduit and wires
are routed to the F-5500.
• Trim the wires to extend 5 inches from the end of the conduit before attaching
them to the F-5500.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 29
Model F-5500
Wiring: Input Power
Power Input
Wiring
Power Input Requirements: 12 to 28VDC Supply
External DC power supply must provide 12 to 28VDC (10 to 30VDC full input power
range) at 6 Watts minimum.
(With 12VDC power, the F-5500 can use up to 500mA. With 24VDC power, the F-5500
can use up to 250mA.)
WIRING
A 20 Watt or greater power supply is recommended to ensure it can provide enough
current under all temperature, ventilation and power on conditions.
The enclosure must be properly grounded with a quality earth ground. Sixteen (16)
gauge, stranded wire, is recommended for power and earth ground.
Fig. 3.1: Connections for 12 to 28VDC Supply
Earth Ground
+12 to 28VDC
12 to 28VDC Return
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
Caution:
• Supply connection wiring must be rated for at least 90°C.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 30
Model F-5500
Wiring: Signal Wiring
4-20mA Loop
Power Provided
by Customer
(Recommended)
4-20mA Output Wiring: Customer-Supplied Power Source
Bring the 4-20mA wiring in through either conduit hub. Connect 4-20mA wiring as
shown in the diagram below.
Fig. 3.2: 4-20mA Output Wiring for Customer-Supplied Power Source
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
+12 to 28VDC
4-20mA Flow Rate or Temperature
250 ohms typical with 24VDC Power
125 ohms or less for 12VDC Power
*(see notes below)
(-) (+)
-
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
WIRING
+
12 to 28VDC Return
i
Important Notes:
• When using a 12 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA
output must be 125 ohms or less to operate properly.
• When using 24 volt power, the load resistor is typically 250 ohms. A 250
ohm resistor in the 4-20mA circuit will result in a 1 to 5 volt signal to the
PLC or DCS.
• When using a 24 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA
output must be 600 ohms or less.
• Some PLC and DCS equipment have built in load resistors, please refer to
the technical manuals of such equipment.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 31
Model F-5500
Wiring: Signal Wiring
4-20mA
Loop Power
Provided by
F-5500
4-20mA Output Wiring: Loop Power Provided by F-5500
Bring the 4-20mA wiring in through either conduit hub. Connect the 4-20mA as
shown in the diagram below.
Fig. 3.3: 4-20mA Output Wiring for Loop Power Provided by F-5500
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
+12 to 28VDC
12 to 28VDC Return
WIRING
+
4-20mA Flow Rate or Temperature
250 ohms typical with 24VDC Power
125 ohms or less for 12VDC Power
*(see notes below)
i
(-) (+)
-
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
Important Notes:
• When using a 12 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA
output must be 125 ohms or less to operate properly.
• When using 24 volt power, the load resistor is typically 250 ohms. A 250
ohm resistor in the 4-20mA circuit will result in a 1 to 5 volt signal to the
PLC or DCS.
• When using a 24 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA
output must be 600 ohms or less.
• Some PLC and DCS equipment have built in load resistors, please refer to
the technical manuals of such equipment.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 32
Model F-5500
Wiring: Pulse/Alarm Wiring
Pulse/Alarm
Output Wiring:
Pulse/Alarm Output Wiring: Customer Supplied Power Source (Recommended)
Bring pulse/alarm wiring in through either conduit hub. Connect as shown in the
diagram below. The pulse/alarm output is an open collector circuit capable of sinking
a maximum of 10mA of current. Pulse or alarm selection is programmed using the
display or F-5000 View. Only one option, pulse or alarm, can be active at a time. The
pulse output is normally low (open collector output closed) and pulses high +12
to 24VDC (open collector output open) for 500 milliseconds when the total flow is
measured. The maximum frequency setting of the pulse output is 1 Hz.
Fig. 3.4: Pulse/Alarm Output Isolated (Recommended)
Customer PLC or DCS
+12 to 28VDC
F-5500
2.4K Ohm typical with 24VDC Power
1.2K Ohm typical with 12VDC Power
Pulse or Alarm
Output
+
-
12 to 28VDC Return
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
i
WIRING
WIRING
When the output is configured for Alarm, the open collector output will be open when
there is no alarm and closed when an alarm is present.
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
Important Notes:
• The F-5500 Pulse/Alarm output is typically used to drive digital circuitry or solid-state relays.
The output of a solid state relay may, in turn, operate loads such as electromechanical relays
or alarm indicators.
• The maximum load current of the Pulse/Alarm output is 10mA. Choose a load resistance
that provides approximately 10mA with the power supply operating voltage.
• When the output is configured for Alarm and an alarm is not active, the output will be closed
(0 volts output). When an alarm is active, the output will be open (12 to 28 volts output).
• In order to use the Pulse/Alarm feature on the Model F-5500, this feature must be chosen
when the meter is ordered from the factory. Pulse output not available with meters ordered
with RS485 Modbus RTU and BACnet MS/TP.
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Page 33
Model F-5500
Wiring: Pulse/Alarm Wiring
Pulse/Alarm
Output Wiring
Pulse/Alarm Output Wiring: Power Provided by F-5500
Bring pulse/alarm wiring in through either conduit hub. Connect as shown in the
diagram below. The pulse/alarm output is an open collector circuit capable of sinking
a maximum of 10mA of current. Pulse or alarm selection is programmed using the
display or F-5000 View. Only one option, pulse or alarm, can be active at a time.
When the output is configured for Alarm, the open collector output will be open when
there is no alarm and closed when an alarm is present.
Fig. 3.5: Pulse/Alarm Output Power Provided by F-5500
WIRING
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
+12 to 28VDC
12 to 28VDC Return
2.4K Ohm typical with 24VDC Power
1.2K Ohm typical with 12VDC Power
Pulse or Alarm
Output
+
-
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
i
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
Important Notes:
• The F-5500 Pulse/Alarm output is typically used to drive digital circuitry or solid-state relays.
The output of a solid state relay may, in turn, operate loads such as electromechanical relays
or alarm indicators.
• The maximum load current of the Pulse/Alarm output is 10mA. Choose a load resistance
that provides approximately 10mA with the power supply operating voltage.
• When the output is configured for Alarm and an alarm is not active, the output will be closed
(0 volts output). When an alarm is active, the output will be open (12 to 28 volts output).
• In order to use the Pulse/Alarm feature on the Model F-5500, this feature must be chosen
when the meter is ordered from the factory. Pulse output not available with meters ordered
with RS485 Modbus RTU and BACnet MS/TP.
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Page 34
Model F-5500
Wiring: RS485 Modbus RTU or BACnet MS/TP
RS485 Wiring
RS485 Wiring for RS485 Modbus RTU or BACnet MS/TP
Wiring connections are made as shown in the diagram below for Modbus or BACnet
communication.
Termination Resistor
Connect a termination resistor across the receive/transmit signals of the last device on
the communication line. To connect the 120 ohm termination resistor on the F-5500,
set jumper W1 to the TERM position.
Fig. 3.6: RS485 Wiring
WIRING
Disconnect the termination resistor on all other external RS485 devices. The
termination resistor of the F-5500 is disconnected by setting jumper W1 to the OPEN
position.
Termination Resistor Jumper W1
Tx/Rx(+)
Tx/Rx(-)
Communication Common
Tx/Rx(+)
Tx/Rx(-)
Common
4-20mA(+)
!
4-20mA(-)
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
Termination Resistor Jumper (detail)
Terminated
No Termination (Open)
i
Important Note:
• In order to use the RS485 feature on the Model F-5500, this feature
must be chosen when the meter is ordered from the factory.
Modbus RTU and BACnet MS/TP are not available with meters
ordered with the Pulse/Alarm option.
• W1 jumper will be shipped in the open or unterminated position. It
should be in the terminated position on the last meter in the series.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 35
Model F-5500
Wiring: HART
HART Wiring
HART Wiring
The HART connections are accessed by removing the cover of the F-5500 enclosure.
HART 4-20mA Output Wiring: Customer-Supplied Power Source
The 4-20mA current loop and HART modem connections are made as shown in the
diagram below.
Fig. 3.7: HART Wiring, Customer-Supplied Power Source
WIRING
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
+12 to 28VDC
HART
Modem
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
12 to 28VDC Return
*(see important note below)
i
i
Fig. 3.7, Important Note:
The load resistor on the ONICON Flow Meter 4-20mA signal is typically 250 ohms
and is located in or at the customer's PLC or DCS. A 250 ohm resistor in the 4-20mA
line will result in a 1 to 5VDC signal to the PLC or DCS. Some PLC/DCS equipment
has the load resistor built in to the unit; please refer to the PLC/DCS technical manual.
Do not exceed a 600 ohm load on the ONICON Flow Meter 4-20mA signal.
Fig. 3.8-3.9, Important Notes:
• When using a 12 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA output must be
125 ohms or less to operate properly.
• When using 24 volt power, the load resistor is typically 250 ohms. A 250 ohm
resistor in the 4-20mA circuit will result in a 1 to 5 volt signal to the PLC or DCS.
• When using a 24 volt power supply, the load resistor on the 4-20mA output must be
600 ohms or less.
• Some PLC and DCS equipment have built in load resistors, please refer to the
technical manuals of such equipment.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 36
Model F-5500
Wiring: HART
HART 4-20mA
Wiring
HART 4-20mA Output Wiring: Handheld Communicator
The 4-20mA current loop connections are made as shown in the diagram below.
A hand-held HART communicator can be connected to test points TP12 (+) and
TP13 (-) with clip leads or to the 4-20mA terminal block.
Fig. 3.8: HART 4-20mA Output Wiring, Handheld Communicator
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
WIRING
+12 to 28VDC
4-20mA
*(see important note on previous page)
12 to 28VDC Return
(-) (+)
TP12(+) (-) (+) (-) (+)
TP13(-) 4-20mA Pulse
Power
/Alarm
12-28VDC
HART
Handheld
Communicator
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Page 37
Model
Model F-5500
F-5500
Wiring: HART
HART 4-20mA
Wiring
HART 4-20mA Output Wiring: Loop Power Provided by F-5500
The 4-20mA current loop and HART modem connections are made as shown in the
diagram below.
Fig. 3.9: HART 4-20mA Output Wiring, Loop Power Provided by F-5500
OPERATION
WIRING
Customer PLC or DCS
F-5500
+12 to 28VDC
12 to 28VDC Return
HART
Modem
(-) (+)
4-20mA
*(see important note on previous page)
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+) (-) (+)
4-20mA Pulse
/Alarm
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Page 38
Model F-5500
Operation: Start Up
Start Up Sequence
The meter automatically enters the Run/Measure mode after power up. The screen will
show the software version of the F-5500 during power up.
USB Interface
USB Interface
The mini USB interface is a standard feature which allows communication with a
PC to monitor readings and configure settings. F-5000 View, is a free application
program from ONICON that connects to the USB interface and allows data monitoring,
configuration setting, data logging to Excel, and an option to save and recall F-5500
configuration data.
F-5500 Display
F-5500 Display and User Interface
The F-5500 has a 2 line x 16 character display with 4 mechanical buttons. The meter
can be programmed by using the display and User Interface. The User Interface can
be accessed by removing the F-5500 cap. Be sure to replace the cap after you are
done configuring the F-5500.
Fig. 4.1: F-5500 Display and User Interface
OPERATION
OPERATION
Start Up
Sequence
FLOW AND ENERGY MEASUREMENT
Display Screen
Mechanical (Push) Buttons
F2
F3
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Page 39
OPERATION
Model F-5500
Operation: Display Screens
Display Screens
Measurement Mode Display Screens
In the measurement mode, there are four different display screens (display 1, 2, 3
and a prompt screen to enter the programming mode). Two display screens are
user programmable (refer to Display Setup p. 46). Scrolling through the display is
accomplished by pressing the F1 or F2 key to view the next or previous screen.
Engineering
Menu Screens
Pressing the F1 and F2 keys at the same time enters the Engineering Menu screens
(display 10 through 26). Key F4 is used to exit to Display screen #1.
Reset Total
Screen
Pressing the F3 and F4 keys at the same time brings up the Reset Total screen (see p.
56) prompt.
Fig. 4.2: F-5500 Measurement Mode Display Screen Navigation
F1 key: Moves up one screen
F2 key: Moves down one screen
F1
Display #1
1456.5 SCFH
Tot=123456 SCF
F1
Display #2
F4
F2
(Fixed screen)
F2
SET PARAMETER?
No
F2
Enter “totalizer reset screen”
when F3 & F4 are pressed at
the same time
(User programmable screen)
Alarm = None
Gas = Air
F1
Display #4
F3
Elp = 14.6 HR
88.5˚ F
F1
Display #3
F2
(User programmable screen)
Yes
(Fixed screen)
F4
Enter programming screen
Requires password.
Default is 1234.
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Page 40
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
Data Entry using the Display and User Interface
There are 2 basic types of menu entries: one for changing value or string and one for
selecting from a selection list.
Value or String
To Change a Value or String :
VALUE = 0.91234
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
VALUE = 0.91234
UP
DN
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press the UP (F1) or DN (F2) key to select a new digit or character, the cursor points
to the selected digit. Press NXT (F3) to select the next digit and OK (F4) to accept the
entry.
OPERATION
Press CHG (F1) key to change the value, OK (F4) to accept the value.
Selecting from a List To Select from a List:
FLO UNT = SCFM
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) key repeatedly until the correct selection is made and OK (F4) key to
accept the entry.
Enter Programming
Mode
Entering the Programming Mode
To enter the programming mode and access the Main Menu, press the F1 or F2 key in
the normal running mode until the following screen is shown:
SET PARAMETERS ?
No
Yes
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F4) and the following screen will prompt user to enter password:
PASWD:_
UP
DN
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
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Page 41
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
OPERATION
Main Menu
Enter the correct password, then follow the instructions for changing a value as
specified on page p. 41. The default Level 1 password is “1234”.
If the wrong password is entered, the message “Wrong Password” will display and
then return to the programming entry screen.
Main Menu
If the password is accepted, the Main Menu screen will be shown:
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
This is the Main Menu screen for the programming mode.
Press EXIT (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is seen briefly to exit the programming
mode.
Analog
4-20mA Output
Analog 4-20mA Output
The following menu allows the scaling of the analog 4-20mA output.
From the Main Menu, press I/O (F1) to move to the 4-20mA output selection.
In this screen press 420 (F3) (screen appearance may vary according to options).
SET
COM PUL
I/O
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
The 4-20mA output is programmable for flow or temperature:
mA=Flow
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Selections for the 4-20mA output are:
Flow
Temp
Select NXT (F1) to select Flow or Temperature and then press OK (F4).
20 mA = 3500 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
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Page 42
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
Enter the value for the 20mA and press OK (F4) key to accept the setting.
Then the following screen will display:
4 mA = 0 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Enter the value for the 4mA and press OK (F4).
Note: 4mA is normally set to 0.
mA Fault = Not use
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
This menu allows the user to select an alarm fault level on the 4-20mA output. The
alarm is activated when a serious issue is detected preventing the calculation of the
correct flow rate. The 3.6mA and 21mA alarm outputs are related to the NAMUR
alarm feature.
The options are:
mA Fault=3.6 mA (Force the 4-20mA signal to 3.6mA on alarm)
mA Fault=21 mA (Force the 4-20mA signal to 21mA on alarm)
mA Fault=Not use (4-20mA signal alarm fault not used)
OPERATION
i
From any screen, press (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is seen briefly to exit the
programming mode.
i
Pulse/alarm
Output
Note: When the flow rate exceeds the programmed value for the 20mA set point, the
analog output will stay at 20mA and an alarm code will be generated.
Pulse/alarm Output
If the Pulse/alarm feature was purchased as the second output for the Model F-5500, it
can be accessed from the main menu, press I/O (F1) (screen appearance may vary).
COM
SET
PUL
I/O
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press PUL (F2) to select the pulse output. The following screen will show:
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Page 43
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
OUT = Pulse
NXT
OK
OPERATION
F1F2F3F4
Press NEXT (F1) to cycle through output options until you have the selection for
"OUT=Pulse" and press OK (F4).
The pulse output scaling can be configured by specifying how many flow units total
per pulse, U/P (e.g., 10 SCF per pulse). The pulse output provides a 500 millisecond
pulse when the specified flow total is measured. The maximum frequency of the pulse
output is 1 Hz.
PULSE OUTPUT
U/P
FEQ
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Use U/P (F2) for unit per pulse scaling of the pulse alarm output. Use FEQ (F3) to view
the maximum pulse output frequency and calculated maximum flow rate.
i
Unit per Pulse
(Pulse Scaling)
Note: When data pulse scaling is entered, the maxmimum flow rate will be recalculated according to the settings.
Entering Data in Unit per Pulse:
From the Pulse/alarm Output Menu, press U/P (F2) and the following screen will show:
UNT/PLS = 10
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press CHG (F1) to change the setting and then OK (F4) to accept entry.
The scaling value entered is in units per pulse (i.e. 10 flow units total per pulse).
The pulse scaling can be set to 1, 10, 100 or 1000 units per pulse. The pulse output
provides a 500 millisecond pulse when the specified flow total is measured. The
maximum frequency setting of the pulse output is 1 Hz.
Max Flow and
Frequency
Viewing the Maximum Frequency and Flow Rate:
From the Pulse/alarm Output Menu on p. 45, press FEQ (F3) and the following
screen will show:
MaxFreq=1 Hz
OK
F1F2F3F4
Maximum pulse rate (frequency) is set to 1 Hz.
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Page 44
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
View the maximum pulse rate (frequency) and press OK (F4).
The next screen will show:
MaxFlo=36000 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Alarm Output
Alarm Output
If the Pulse/alarm feature was purchased as the second output for the Model F-5500,
press I/O (F1) key from the Main Menu screen.
The screen will show:.
SET
PUL
I/O
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
OPERATION
i
Note: If the measured flow rate exceeds the maximum pulse rate (frequency), the pulse
output will stay at 1 Hz and the F-5500 will issue an alarm code.
Then press PUL (F2) and the screen may show:
OUT = HiFloAlm
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Then press NXT (F1) to select the correct alarm and press OK (F4).
Selections are:
Not used
Pulse
HiFloAlm = High Flow Alarm
LoFloAlm = Low Flow Alarm
HiTempAlm = High Temperature Alarm
LoTempAlm = Low Temperature Alarm
When the output is set to Alarm and there is no alarm condition, the output will be on
(0 volts). When an alarm is active, the output is turned off (12 to 24 volts).
HiFloAlm=500 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Enter the value for the limit by pressing CHG (F1) and then OK (F4).
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 45
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
i
Serial
Communication
Note: There is only one output to operate as a pulse output or an alarm output. Both
cannot operate at the same time.
Serial Communication Settings
If RS485 Communication feature was purchased as the second output for the Model
F-5500, the Serial communication settings can be programmed by pressing I/O (F1)
key from the Main Menu. The screen will show:
OPERATION
COM
SET I/O
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press COM (F1) to select serial communication. The screen may show:
Comm=MODBUS
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
i
Display Setup
Options for serial communication are:
NONE
MODBUS
BACnet
HART
Note: Any selection other than “NONE” requires the communication option for
the selected communication type. If enabling a communication option, see the
Communications Protocols section of this manual.
Display Setup
Remember, there are four display screens that you can cycle through in normal
operating mode (see "Fig. 4.2: F-5500 Measurement Mode Display Screen Navigation"
on page 40). Two of the four display screens are fixed and cannot be changed
(displays #3 & 4). The other two screens are programmable to show the information
that you prefer and is discussed in this section.
Display #1
DSP1L1
DSP1L2
F1F2F3F4
Display #2
DSP2L1
DSP2L2
F1F2F3F4
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 46
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
Programming
Display Screens
#1 & 2
Selections are:
DSP1L1
DSP1L2
DSP2L1
DSP2L2
Display 1, Line 1
Display 1, Line 2
Display 2, Line 1
Display 2, Line 2
To Program Display Screens #1 & 2:
From the Main Menu press DSP (F3) to select the display menu:
F1F2F3F4
Press DSP (F1) key. The display will show:
DSP1L1 = Flo rate
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
OPERATION
DISPLAY/PASSWORD
DSP
PSW
EXIT
These are the selections for the display #1 line #1.
Selections are:
Flo rate Flow rate
Total Total mass or volume
Elps Elapsed time
Temp Temperature
Alarm Error codes
When the selection is correct, press OK (F4) to accept. The display will then go
through the same process for all 4 lines of the 2 programmable displays (DSP1L1,
DSP1L2, DSP2L1 and DSP2L2).
After the last line of display 2 is accepted, the display will show the following menu:
ALTERNATE = Off
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
This menu allows you to alternate between menu display 1 and 2 every few seconds.
Selections are: On or Off
Press OK (F4) to accept selection. Press EXIT (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is
seen briefly to exit the programming mode.
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Page 47
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Password
Password
There are two user level passwords, only Level 1 is programmable and gives access
to all the normal settings. The second password is used to allow access to calibration
factors and should normally never be changed unless advised by the ONICON service
department, or to set a new password in the event that the user forgets the Level 1
password.
OPERATION
Default Level 1 password is “1234”, and Level 2 password is “9111”. The Level 1
programmable password can be disabled by setting it to “0”.
From the Main Menu press DSP (F3) to select the display menu:
Programming
Password
To Program the Password:
DISPLAY/PASSWORD
DSP
PSW EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press PSW (F3) key to select password.
PASSWD = 1234
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
This screen displays the current Level 1 password.
Press CHG (F1) key to change the password and enter new value.
i
Units Settings
Press OK (F4) to accept new data and exit programming by pressing EXIT (F4) key
repeatedly until out of the programming mode.
Note: Password can be number or letter characters up to 4 digits.
Units Settings Menu
This menu is used to set the units for flow, temperature, and pressure.
Reference temperature and reference pressure settings can be accessed also.
These values will be set at ONICON using information supplied by the customer. These
values can be changed to match a new application. The units settings are accessed
from the Main Menu.
To access the Unit Settings Menu:
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 48
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press FLO (F2):
DGN
FLOW MENU 1
UNT
FM2 EXIT
Flow Units
Press UNT (F2) for Unit selection.
The screen will show:
FLO = SCFH
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) to change selection and OK (F4) to accept.
i
OPERATION
F1F2F3F4
Note: The totalizer (total flow measured) will roll over when reaching a certain value. The
maximum value is dependent on the flow units selected (see Totalizer Rollover p. 56).
Selections for flow units are:
SCFM
LBS/M
MSCFD (MCFD)
SCFH
LBS/S
SM3/H
NM3/H
NLPH
MT/H
NM3/M
NLPM
NM3/D
KG/H
MMSCFD (MMCFD)
MMSCFM
KG/M
LBS/D
SCFD
KG/S
SLPM
MCFD (MSCFD)
LBS/H
NLPS
SM3/M
SM3/D
WARNING:
The F-5500 re-calculates area, 4 and 20mA values, maximum flow for the pulse output
and zero flow cutoff when changing flow units.
i
Note: The totalizer values do not adjust or correct for the new units. When changing flow
units, log the totals in the totalizer and then reset the totalizer after they’ve changed flow
units to maintain accuracy in the totalizer.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Temperature
Units
After pressing OK (F4) to accept the Flow unit the display will prompt for the
temperature unit setting:
TMP UNT= Deg F
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
OPERATION
Press NXT (F1) to change selection and OK (F4) to accept.
Selections for Temperature units are:
Deg C
Deg F
Reference
Temperature
After pressing OK (F4) to accept the temperature unit setting, the display will prompt
for temperature reference in selected unit.
TmpRef = 60 °F
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press CHG (F1) to change the reference and OK (F4) to accept.
Pressure Units
After pressing OK (F4) to accept the reference temperature, the display will prompt for
the reference pressure unit selection:
PRES UNT= Psia
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) to select next entry and OK (F4) to accept.
Selections are: mmHG
Millimeters of mercury (absolute)
Psia
Pounds per square inch absolute
bara
Bar absolute
Reference
Pressure
After the pressure unit selection is made, the display will show a menu to enter the
reference pressure:
PresRef= 14.7
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
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Page 50
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
Density
Press CHG (F1) to change it and OK (F4) to accept.
After the reference pressure is accepted, the F-5500 will recalculate and display gas
density at user's reference temperature and pressure:
DNS = 1.2930 KG/m3
OK
F1F2F3F4
Flow Parameters
Flow Parameters
This is the menu used to set various flow parameter values. They are:
Flow cutoff, pipe diameter, filter, high and low alarm for flow and temperature.
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
OPERATION
The gas density is for information only. Press OK (F4) to continue.
The menu is accessed from the Main Menu by pressing FLO (F2):
DGN
FLOW MENU 1
UNT
FM2 EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Then press FM2 (F3):
FLOW MENU 2
SPC
PRM
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
i
Note: The SPC function key will only appear and be accessible from a Level 2
password.
Then press PRM (F3).
Flow Cutoff
The first parameter is Flow Cutoff:
CUTOFF = 2.0 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
Enter the value for the low flow cutoff and then press OK (F4).
When the flow rate falls below the zero flow cutoff, the flow meter will display a flow
value of zero.
Pipe Diameter
To set the Pipe Diameter
Pipe_id = 3.068 In
CHG
OK
OPERATION
F1F2F3F4
Enter the pipe diameter in inches or millimeters and then press OK (F4).
Use millimeters for metric flow unit selections and inches for English flow unit
selections. If the pipe/duct is a square or rectangle, the hydraulic diameter (equivalent
value for a round pipe) must be entered for the pipe ID.
Filter Value
The Filter Value is entered in seconds. The allowable time constant range is 0.8 to 10
seconds. The filter time interval is proportional to the dampening.
Enter the filter value and then press OK (F4).
FILTER = 0.8 sec
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
High Flow Rate
Alarm
To set the parameters for a High Flow Rate Alarm:
HiFloAlm = 1234 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
This is the upper flow limit alarm value that can be associated with the alarm output.
An alarm code is generated when the flow value exceeds this limit. If no checking is
needed, this value should be set to zero.
Press OK (F4) to accept the value.
Low Flow Rate
Alarm
To set the parameters for a Low Flow Rate Alarm:
LoFloAlm = 100 SCFM
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Programming
by Display
This is the lower flow limit alarm value that can be associated with the alarm output.
An alarm code is generated when the flow value is below this limit. If no checking is
needed, this value should be set to zero.
Press OK (F4) to accept the value.
High Temp Alarm
To set the parameters for a High Temperature Alarm:
OK
F1F2F3F4
This is the upper temperature limit alarm value that can be associated with the alarm
output. An alarm code is generated when the temperature value exceeds this limit. If
no checking is needed, this value should be set to zero.
Press OK (F4) to accept the value.
Low Temp Alarm
To set the parameters for a Low Temperature Alarm:
LoTmpAlm = 20 F
CHG
OPERATION
HiTmpAlm = 200 F
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
This is the lower temperature limit alarm value that can be associated with the alarm
output. An alarm code is generated when the temperature value is below this limit. If
no checking is needed, this value should be set to zero.
Press OK (F4) to accept the value.
i
Note: If the programming menu was entered with a Level 2 password, then more
menus will be shown concerning factory-set parameters that should not be changed.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
K Factor
K Factor
The K FACTOR allows the user to adjust the meter’s calibration. The ONICON flow
meter increases the calculated flow rate by the K Factor. This results in a direct scaling
of the meter’s output across the entire full range.
The K Factor parameter is accessed from the “Flow Menu 2” menu by entering a Level
2 password “9111” and pressing the SPC key (F2).
OPERATION
FLOW MENU 2
SPC
PRM EXIT
F1F2F3F4
The following screen will be displayed:
K fact=0%
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press CHG (F1). Add the correction factor and press OK (F4).
For Example:
If you want the flow meter to read 5% higher, enter 5.0%.
If you want the flow meter to read 5% lower, enter -5.0%.
If an existing K Factor is present, add the additional K Factor to the existing value.
Upon pressing OK (F4), an option to restore the database will follow.
Restore Database
Restore Database
In case of user error, the ability to restore the meter to the original factory settings can
be achieved in this menu. The display will show:
RESTORE DATABASE?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) ONLY if you want to restore your database to the initial factory setting
that the meter was shipped with. All current user-entered settings will be overwritten.
The green LP3 LED will flash at a faster pace until the recall is performed. The "RESET
CRC" screen will follow "RESTORE DATABASE".
Upon pressing OK (F4), an option to reset the NVRAM CRC will follow.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Reset CRC
Reset CRC
If the NVRAM CRC check fails (Error Code 36), the programmed settings values will
need to be verified and corrected before clearing the error. Call ONICON Customer
Service if you need assistance.
RESET CRC?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
Non-Resettable
Totalizer
Non-Resettable Totalizer Activation
Regulations in some geographic locations require that flow totalizers be non-resettable.
The F-5500 can conform to these regulations.
WARNING: Once the non-resettable totalizer (NRT) has been activated on an F-5500
flow meter, the change cannot be undone. The non-resettable totalizer is only
recommended for applications that require it.
OPERATION
Press YES (F1) ONLY if you want to reset the CRC and generate a new CRC value.
After it has been enabled, your F-5500’s totalizer and elapsed time counters will be
non-resettable.
SET NRT?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) ONLY if you want to set the NRT.
ARE YOU SURE?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
If you are certain you want to activate the Non-resettable totalizer, select YES (F1).
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 55
Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Reset Total
Reset Total and Elapsed Time
Enter the flow totalizer and elapsed time screen by pressing the F3 and F4 keys at the
same time in the normal running mode (password required).
RESET TOTAL ?
NO
YES
OPERATION
F1F2F3F4
i
Press YES (F4) to reset total and elapsed time. Press NO (F1) to cancel.
Note: This feature is not available on non-resettable units.
Totalizer Rollover
Totalizer Rollover: The F-5500 has an automatic roll-over function. The total flow
count of the F-5500 will roll over after the following values:
Most flow units: 99,999,999,999
MSCFD: 999,999,999
MMSCFM: 9,999,999
MMSCFD: 999,999
Simulation
Simulation
This menu allows for simulation of flow rate and temperature. It should only be used
for testing and demonstration purposes. Make sure to return all of these simulation
values to zero, before returning to the normal mode of operation.
Caution: If the 4-20mA and/or the pulse/alarm outputs are connected to controllers,
set the controllers to “manual”. This will ensure that the simulated signals do not
cause false controller action.
The menu is accessible from the main programming menu by pressing FLO, and DGN
(F1):
DGN
FLOW MENU 1
UNT
FM2 EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Pressing DGN (F1) will show:
DIAGNOSTIC
SIM
ZERO
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
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Model F-5500
Operation: Programming
Pressing SIM (F1) will show:
Simulate Flow?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) to continue.
FloSim = 0 SCFH
CHG
OK
Enter the value and then press OK (F4).
i
Note: Enter zero to disable this feature.
Simulate Temp?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
OPERATION
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) to continue.
TmpSim = 0 ° F
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Enter the value and then press OK (F4).
i
Note: Enter zero to disable this feature.
ENABLE SIM?
YES
NO
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) to start the simulation mode, otherwise press NO (F4). Upon pressing
either key, the program will return to the FLOW MENU 1 screen.
i
Note: Simulation Mode will be cleared if the power is cycled.
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Page 57
OPERATION
Model F-5500
Operation: Zero CAL-CHECK®
Calibration
Calibration of the ONICON Model F-5500 Thermal Flow Meter
To ensure that all ONICON flow meters meet specified performance parameters and
provide accurate, repeatable measurements in the field, all calibrations are performed
with NIST-traceable flow standards. Each meter is shipped from the factory with a
ONICON Calibration Certificate.
Calibration
Validation
Calibration Validation
Calibration Validation allows our customers to validate the accuracy and functionality
of the meter in the field with a push of a button. By performing a simple test, the
operator can verify that the meter is running accurately.
Zero CAL-CHECK® ensures the repeatability, functionality of the sensor and its
associated signal processing circuitry, and cleanliness of the sensor.
ONICON has developed the Zero CAL-CHECK® Calibration Validation to help our
customers avoid sending the meter back for annual or biennial re-calibrations.
Zero CAL-CHECK Zero CAL-CHECK® Calibration Validation Test
The Zero CAL-CHECK® test is used to ensure that the flow meter still retains its original
Test
NIST-traceable calibration at zero flow. If zero flow can be established, the sensor
does not need to be removed and the procedure can be done in the pipe. Alternatively,
a clean, dry bottle can be used to create a “no flow” condition out of the pipe.
Note: If the Zero CAL-CHECK® test is performed using the ONICON F-5000 View
Software, at the completion of the test, a Zero CAL-CHECK® Certificate may be printed
for a record of the test. This certificate will display a pass/fail result.
Achieving
Zero Flow In-Situ (In the
Pipe)
Techniques for Achieving Zero Flow - In the Pipe
In-situ (in the pipe) Zero CAL-CHECK® testing can be achieved by a pipe bypass
(valving-off). If space allows, redirect the flow through a bypass pipe section or valve
off the meter in order to isolate the meter's sensor in the place where it has been
installed. While the flow is redirected, the Zero CAL-CHECK® test can be performed.
Once the test is complete, the valves to the bypass may be closed and flow may be
directed back to the meter's sensor where flow monitoring can continue as normal.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Zero CAL-CHECK®
Zero CALCHECK®
Fig. 4.3: Normal Mode vs. Zero CAL-CHECK® Mode
NORMAL MEASUREMENT MODE
Zero CAL-CHECK™ MODE
Calibration
Validation
PASS/FAIL
Outputs
MICROPROCESSOR
BASELINE RATE
COMPARISON
SIGNAL
PROPORTIONAL
TO
FLOW RATE
SIGNAL
AT
ZERO
FLOW RATE
DDC-Sensor™
DDC-Sensor™
Process Flow
“No Flow” Condition
OPERATION
Achieving
Zero Flow Out of Pipe
MICROPROCESSOR
MASS FLOW
CALCULATION
Achieving Zero Flow - Out of Pipe
If space limitations prevent in-situ testing at zero flow as listed above, then Out of Pipe
testing must be performed.
With this configuration, the meter must be removed from the process, the test
performed, and then the meter returned to the process after testing has been
completed.
Due to the high sensitivity of the DDC-Sensor™, it is necessary to isolate the sensor
once the meter has been removed from the pipe. This can be achieved with a closed
container in order to isolate the sensor and achieve the "no flow" condition necessary
to perform the Zero CAL-CHECK® test. If the Zero CAL-CHECK® test is to be
performed out of the pipe, the meter must be set upside-down (probe pointing up) and
a clean dry plastic bottle placed back over the sensor to achieve the factory baseline
that the meter has been set with.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Zero CAL-CHECK®
OPERATION
Performing
Zero CALCHECK® Test
Performing the Zero CAL-CHECK® Calibration Validation Test
The Zero CAL-CHECK® test must be performed at zero flow to ensure a valid test
result. This test is used to confirm that the flow meter still retains its original NISTtraceable calibration at zero flow and that the sensor is free of film or residue that may
affect readings. The test takes less than 5 minutes to complete. At the conclusion of
the test, a Pass or Fail message will be displayed. Press F4 at the conclusion of the
test to return to normal measuring mode or to terminate the test.
Press FLO (F2) from the main menu. The display will show:
DGN
FLOW MENU 1
UNT FM2
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press DGN (F1). The display will show:
SIM
DIAGNOSTIC
ZRO
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press ZRO (F2). The display will show:
VER
ZERO CHK MENU
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Press VER (F1) key to continue.
YES
VERIFY ZRO?
NO
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F1) key to continue.
i
NOTE: For accurate readings and best test results, perform a visual
inspection of sensor window for damage/deformity and condition of
sensor elements before starting the test.
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Model F-5500
Operation: Zero CAL-CHECK®
Performing
Zero CALCHECK® Test
Process Zero and
Stable?
YES
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
WARNING: You must ensure that there is a no flow condition before proceeding. If you
are performing the test in a bottle, be sure to isolate the sensor in a closed container any air movement (even from a fan) may result in a false "fail" result.
Verifying ZRO
y.yyy
T=xx
F1F2F3F4
This test will take less than 5 minutes. The T=xx is a count down timer indicating how
much time is left to finish the test.
ZRO=2.321
Fail
OK
F1F2F3F4
ZRO=0.259
Pass
OR
ZRO=0.911
Warning
OK
OPERATION
Once process is stable, press YES (F3) key to begin the Zero CAL-CHECK®.
OR
F1F2F3F4
OK
F1F2F3F4
Upon test completion, the final value will be displayed along with the test result. The
test result may be:
• Pass < 0.80
• Warning > 0.80 < 1.0
• Fail > 1.0
If a "Warning" or "Fail" result is displayed, ONICON recommends that the probe be
removed from the pipe, the sensor cleaned, and the test be performed again. If the test
was performed in the pipe the first time, perform the test in a bottle for the re-test.
If a "Warning" or "Fail" result is displayed after performing the test a second time,
please call ONICON Service at 727-447-6140 for assistance.
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Model F-5500
Modbus Introduction
Scope
This portion of the manual describes the Modbus implementation using RS485 serial
communication physical layer for the ONICON F-5500 Mass flow meter based on the
Modicon Modbus Protocol (PI-MBUS-300 Rev. J).
Modbus
Protocol
Modbus Protocol
MODBUS Protocol is an application layer messaging protocol that provides client/sever
communications between devices. MODBUS is a request/reply protocol and offers
services specified by function codes.
OPERATION
Modbus
Introduction
The size of the MODBUS Protocol Data Unit is limited by the size constraint inherited
from the first MODBUS implementation on Serial Line network (max. RS485
Application Data Unit = 256 bytes).
Therefore, MODBUS PDU for serial line communication = 256 – Server address (1
byte) – CRC (2 bytes) = 253 bytes.
RS485 ADU = 253 + Server address (1 byte) + CRC (2 bytes) = 256 bytes.
For more information on MODBUS go to the web site http://www.modbus.org/.
Command Request:
<Meter Address> <Function code> <Register start address high> <Register
start address low> <Register count high> <Register count low> <CRC high>
<CRC low>
i
Command Response:
<Meter Address> <Function code> <Data byte count> <Data register
high> <Data register low> ... <Data register high> <Data register low>
<CRC high> <CRC low>
Note: The data shown in brackets < > represents one byte of data.
Modbus
Indicators
Modbus Indicators
LED indicator LP3 cycles on and off to indicate that the F-5500 is operating.
LED indicator LP2 blinks when Modbus signals are received and LP1 blinks when
Modbus signals are transmitted.
F-5500
Commands
Supported
F-5500 Commands Supported
The F-5500 supports the following commands:
1) Command 03: Read holding registers
2) Command 04: Read input register.
3) Command 06: Preset single register
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Model F-5500
F-5500 Commands Supported by Modbus
Read Holding
Registers
Read Holding Registers (command 03)
This command reads the basic variable from the F-5500 and has the following format:
Response:
<Meter Address> <Command code=03> <Byte count> <Data high><Data
low> ... <Data high><Data low> <CRC high> <CRC low>
Example:
Request data register at starting address 0x0000 and specifying only 1 register
<0x01> <0x03> <0x00> <0x00> <0x00> <0x01> <0x0a> <0x84>
Response:
<0x01> <0x03> <0x02> <xx> <xx> <CRC high> <CRC low>
Where xx xx is the data register value.
COMMUNICATIONS
Request:
<Meter Address> <Command code=03> <Register start address high>
<Register start address low> <Register count high> <Register count low>
<CRC high> <CRC low>
Table 5.1: F-5500 Modbus Holding Registers
Register Modbus Data Type
Address Address
Scaling Comment
0x00
40001
Flow in Eng units (long integer, lower 16 bits)
No
Mass flow in selected units
0x01
40002
Flow in Eng units (long integer, upper 16 bits)
No
0x02
40003
Total (long integer, lower 16 bits)
No
0x03
40004
Total (long integer, upper 16 bits)
No
0x04
40005
Temperature (long integer, lower 16 bits)
*10
0x05
40006
Temperature (long integer, upper 16 bits)
*10
0x06
40007
Elapsed time (long integer, lower 16 bits)
*10
0x07
40008
Elapsed time (long integer, upper 16 bits)
*10
0x08
40009
Spare/not used
0x09
40010
Spare/not used
0x0A
40011
Flow in Eng units * 10
10
Mass flow in selected units * 10
0x0B
40012
Flow in Eng units *100
100
Mass flow in selected units * 100
0x0C
40013
Total *100
100
Total in selected units * 100
0x0D
40014
Spare/ Not used
0x0E
40015
Spare/ Not used
0x0F
40016
Status
No
Status
Total in selected units
Temperature in selected units * 10
Elapsed time in hours * 10
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Page 63
Model F-5500
F-5500 Commands Supported by Modbus
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
Register Modbus Data Type
Address Address
Scaling Comment
0x10
40017
Status 2
No
0x11
40018
Control Register (Write Only)
No
Control Register
0x12
40019
Spare/ Not used
0x13
40020
Flow in Eng units (float, upper 16 bits)
No
Mass flow in selected units
0x14
40021
Flow in Eng units (float, lower 16 bits)
No
Mass flow in selected units
0x15
40022
Total in Eng units (float, upper 16 bits)
No
Total in selected units
0x16
40023
Total in Eng units (float, lower 16 bits)
No
Total in selected units
0x17
40024
Spare/ Not used
0x18
40025
Spare/ Not used
0x19
40026
Temperature in selected units (float, upper 16 bits)
No
Temperature in selected units
0x1A
40027
Temperature in selected units (float, lower 16 bits)
No
Temperature in selected units
0x1B
40028
Elapsed time in hours (float, upper 16 bits)
No
Elapsed time in hours
0x1C
40029
Elapsed time in hours (float, lower 16 bits)
No
Elapsed time in hours
0x1D
40030
Zero CAL-CHECK (float, upper 16 bits)
No
0x1E
40031
Zero CAL-CHECK (float, lower 16 bits)
No
0x1F
40032
Spare/ Not used
0x20
40033
Spare/ Not used
0x21
40034
Spare/ Not used
0x22
40035
Spare/ Not used
0x23
40036
Spare/ Not used
i
Read Input
Register
Note: Registers A, B & C are provided to get more resolution for low flow and total.
When value exceeds the 16 bit registers, they will be frozen with all 16 bits set.
Read Input Register (F-5500 Status, Command 04)
This command is used to report the F-5500 status information.
Request:
<Meter Address> <Command code=04> <Register address =0> <Register
address =0> <Register count =0> <Register count =1> <CRC high>
<CRC low>
Response:
<Meter Address> <Command code=04> <Byte count =2> <Status
High><Status Low> <CRC high> <CRC low>
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Page 64
Model F-5500
F-5500 Commands Supported by Modbus
Table 5.2: Status Bits Definitions for Command 04, Modbus Address 30001
Definition
Comment
0
Power up indication
Cleared when out of the power up sequence
1
Flow rate reached high limit threshold
Set limit to zero to disable
2
Flow rate reached low limit threshold
Set limit to zero to disable
3
Temperature reached high limit threshold
Set limit to zero to disable
4
Temperature reached low limit threshold
Set limit to zero to disable
5
Sensor reading is out of range
Check sensor wiring
6
Gas mix error
Gas mix must total 100%
7
Incorrect Settings
Check settings
8
In simulation mode
Set simulation value to 0 to disable
9
Pulse/alarm output is out of range
Check pulse/alarm output settings
10
Analog 4-20 mA for flow/temp is out of range
Check analog output settings
11
Not used
Not used
12
Not used
Not used
13
Not used
Not used
14
CRC error
Check parameters and reset CRC
15
Error in Total
Reset total to clear alarm
Table 5.3: Status 2 Bits Definitions for Command 04, Modbus Address 30002
Bit
Definition
0
Pulse hardware detected
1
Busy
Busy
2
Not used
Not used
3
Not used
Not used
4
Zero CAL-CHECK in process
5
Zero CAL-CHECK fail
6
Zero CAL-CHECK aborted
7
Zero CAL-CHECK warning
Preset Single
Register
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
Bit
Comment
Preset Single Register (Command 06)
This command is used to perform miscellaneous functions such as clearing the
totalizer and elapsed time. The register address is Modbus=40018 and the data to
write is described below.
Request:
<Meter Address> <Command code=06> <Register address high=0x00>
<Register address low=0x11> <Register data high=0x00> <Register data low
=0x02> <CRC high> <CRC low>
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Model F-5500
Modbus Programming
Response:
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Meter Address> <Command code=06> <Register address =0x00>
<Register address =0x11> <Register data=0x00> <Register data =0x02>
<CRC high> <CRC low>
Reset Total:
Address = 40018, data = 0x02
This command is used to clear the Totalizer and elapsed time registers
Programming
Enter the Programming Mode - RS485 Modbus RTU
Press the F1 or the F2 key repeatedly, in the normal running mode, until the following
screen is shown. This enters the programming mode:
SET PARAMETERS?
NO
YES
F1F2F3F4
Press YES (F4) and then the following screen will prompt the user to enter the
password if enabled:
PASWD:_
UP
DN
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Enter the correct password. Default password for Level 1 is 1234.
Press the UP (F1) or DN (F2) key to select a new digit or character, the cursor points
to the selected digit. Press NXT (F3) to select the next digit and OK (F4) to accept the
entry.
If the wrong password is entered, the message “Wrong Password” will be displayed
for a few seconds and then return to the programming entry screen. If the password is
accepted, the following screen will be shown:
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
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Model F-5500
Modbus Programming
This is the Main Menu for the programming mode. To exit the programming mode,
press EXIT (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is seen briefly.
I/O
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Then press I/O (F1) to set Inputs/Outputs:
COM
SET I/O
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Then press COM (F1) to select communication parameters.
Set Bus protocol for Modbus:
Comm=MODBUS
NXT
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
Communication Protocol and Parameters
Modbus
Communication To program the communication parameters, start at the Main Menu:
Parameters
MAIN MENU
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) repeatedly until Modbus is selected as shown and then press OK (F4)
to accept the setting.
The following communication parameters are only available for MODBUS:
Baud=9600
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) repeatedly until the correct selection is shown and then press OK (F4)
to accept the setting.
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Model
Model F-5500
F-5500
Modbus Programming
"115200"
"57600"
"38400"
“19200”
“9600”
“4800”
“2400”
“1200”
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
Selections are: Modbus
Communication Parameters
Parity=EVEN
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) repeatedly until the correct selection is shown and then press OK (F4)
to accept the setting.
Selections are: “NONE”
“ODD”
“EVEN”
Address=02
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press CHG (F1) to change the address and then press OK (F4) to accept the setting.
Selections are between 01 and 247.
i
Note: Power cycle is required for the new settings to take effect.
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Model F-5500
BACnet Introduction
BACnet
Introduction
Scope
This portion of the manual describes the BACnet MS/TP implementation using RS485
serial communication physical layer for the ONICON F-5500 Mass flow meter.
BACnet Protocol BACnet Protocol
The F-5500 Device profile: BACnet Smart Sensor (B-SS)
F-5500 supports the following device binding methods:
Receive Who-Is, send I-Am (BIBB DM-DDB-B)
Receive Who-Has, send I-Have (BIBB DM-DOB-B)
Objects for F-5500:
Analog Input 1 = Flow
Analog Input 2 = Gas Temperature
Analog Input 3 = Total Flow / Reset Total
Analog Input 4 = Elapsed Time since reset
BACnet
Indicators
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
BACnet MS/TP (Building Automation and Control Network /Master Slave Token
Passing) is a data link layer protocol designed for communication between devices
in building automation control systems. The protocol is based on devices, objects,
properties, and services. Information inside a BACnet device is organized into a series
of objects. Properties allow the data from the object to be written or read. The actions
that a BACnet device uses to interact with another device are the services.
BACnet Indicators
LED indicator LP3 cycles on and off to indicate that the F-5500 is operating.
LED indicator LP2 blinks when BACnet signals are received and LP1 blinks when
BACnet signals are transmitted.
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Model F-5500
BACnet Protocol
BACnet Protocol Device object property identifiers and restrictions: (properties that are writable)
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
Object _Name
< 10 bytes
Object _ Identifier
Device Type only
Max _ info_ Frames
<=255
Max _ Master
<=127
BACnet Interoperability Building Blocks (BIBB’S) provide function capabilities for data
exchange between devices.
F-5500 BIBB’s supported:
DS-RP-B Read Property
DS-WP-B Write Property
DM-DDB-B Dynamic Device Binding
DM-DOB-B Dynamic Object Binding
DM-DCC-B Device Communication Control
DS-RPM-B ReadPropertyMultiple
DM-RD-B Reinitialize Device
MS/TP baud rates:
9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 76800, 115200
F-5500 Character sets supported:
ANSI X3.4, UTF-8
ONICON BACnet vendor ID: 206
For more information about BACnet visit http://www.bacnet.org/.
BACnet
Programming
Enter the Programming Mode - BACnet MS/TP
Press the F1 or the F2 key repeatedly, in the normal running mode, until the following
screen is shown. This enters the programming mode:
SET PARAMETERS?
NO
YES
F1F2F3F4
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Model F-5500
BACnet Programming
BACnet
Programming
Press YES (F4) and then the following screen will prompt the user to enter the
password if enabled:
PASWD:_
UP
DN
NXT
OK
Enter the correct password. Default password for Level 1 is 1234.
BACnet
Communication
Parameters
Communication Protocol and Parameters
To program the communication parameters, press I/O (F1) key from the main menu.
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
This is the main menu for the programming mode. To exit the programming mode,
press EXIT (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is seen briefly. Choose I/O (F1) to
access the communication output.
COM
SET I/O
420
EXIT
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
F1F2F3F4
F1F2F3F4
Then press COM (F1) to select communication parameters
Set Bus protocol for BACnet:
Comm=BACnet
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) until BACnet is selected as shown and then press OK (F4) to accept
the setting.
Baud=9600
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) repeatedly until the correct selection is shown and then press OK (F4)
to accept the setting.
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Model F-5500
BACnet Programming
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
BACnet
Communication
Parameters
Selections are: “9600”
“19200”
“38400”
“57600”
“76800”
“115200"
Next select the MS/TP Mac address. The selection is from 0-127. Please note
that only one device can be on a MS/TP Mac address.
MAC_ADD=23
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Next select the MS/TP Max Master using CHG (F1). The selection is from
0-127. Press OK (F4) to accept the setting.
MAX_MASTER=127
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Next input the device object instance using CHG (F1). Selection is from
0-4194303. Press OK (F4) to accept the setting.
ID=12531
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
Next enter the device object name (9 characters maximum) using CHG (F1).
Press OK (F4) to accept the setting.
NAME=F-5500_FLOW
CHG
OK
F1F2F3F4
i
Note: Power cycle is required for the new settings to take effect.
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Model F-5500
HART Introduction
Scope
The ONICON’ Model F-5500 transmitter complies with HART Protocol Revision 7.1.
This section specifies all the device-specific features and documents HART Protocol
implementation details (e.g., the Engineering Unit Codes supported). The functionality
of this Field Device is described sufficiently to allow its proper application in a process
and its complete support in HART-capable Host Applications.
Purpose
Purpose
This section provides a complete description of this Field Device from a HART
Communication perspective.
The specification in this section is designed to be a technical reference for HART
capable Host Application Developers, System Integrators and knowledgeable End
Users. It also provides functional specifications (e.g., commands and performance
requirements) used during development, maintenance and testing. The information
given in this section assumes the reader is familiar with HART Protocol requirements
and terminology.
References
References
HART Smart Communications Protocol Specification. HCF_SPEC-12. Available from
the HCF.
Device
Identification
Device Identification
Manufacturer
Name:
Manufacturer ID
Code:
HART Protocol
Revision
Number of Device
Variables
Physical Layers
Supported
Physical Device
Category
ONICON Inc
Model Name(s):
0x60D4 hex
Device Type Code:
F-5500
57583
(EOEF Hex)
7.1
Device Revision:
1
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNICATIONS
HART
Introduction
None
FSK
Transmitter,
DC-isolated Bus Device
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Model F-5500
HART Protocol
COMMUNICATIONS
HART Protocol
Product Overview
HART communication is transmitted over the F-5500 4-20mA flow output signal
and can be monitored and configured using a HART master device or a hand-held
communicator.
Process Flow Rate 4-20mA Analog Output
The 4-20mA output of the F-5500 HART represents the process flow rate
measurement, linearized and scaled according to the configured range of the
instrument. This output corresponds to the Primary Variable. HART Communication is
supported on this loop.
The 4-20mA output of the F-5500 should be configured for flow rate when using
HART. If the 4-20mA output is set to report temperature, HART communication will
report the 4-20mA value for temperature rather than flow.
HART Indicators
LED indicator LP3 cycles on and off to indicate that the F-5500 is operating.
LED indicator LP2 blinks when HART signals are received and LP1 blinks when HART
signals are transmitted (if nothing is connected to the 4-20mA output, LP2 will be on
continuously).
HART Setup
F-5500 HART Communication Setup
HART communication must be selected in the F-5500 Serial Communication menu for
HART communication to operate. When this communication parameter is changed,
power to the F-5500 must be cycled for it to take effect.
Device Variables
This device does not expose any Device Variables.
Dynamic Variables
Four Dynamic Variables are implemented.
PV
SV
TV
QV
Meaning
Flow Rate
Total
Temperature
Elapsed Time
Units
In Selected Units
In Selected Units
In Selected Units
In Hours
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Model F-5500
HART Programming
Status
Information
Status Information
Device Status
Bit 4 ("More Status Available") is set when any failure is detected. Command #48
provides additional detail.
Additional
Device Status
Additional Device Status (Command #48)
Command #48 returns 2 Device-Specific Status bytes of data, with the following
status information:
These bits are set when an alarm or error condition is present. The bit automatically
clears when the condition returns to its normal state.
Byte
0
1
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Meaning
Power up indication
High Flow Limit Alarm
Low Flow Limit Alarm
High Temperature Limit Alarm
Low Temperature Limit Alarm
Sensor out of range
Mix error
Check Parameter Settings
In Simulation Mode
Frequency output ot of range
CH 1 4-20mA out of range
Not used
Not used
Not used
CRC database error
Error with Total
Class
Status
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm
Error
Alarm
Error
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm
COMMUNICATIONS
Extended Device Status
This bit is set if a sensor error is detected. "Device Variable Alert" is set if the PV is out
of limit.
Error
Error
Modes
Fixed current mode is implemented, using Command 40. This mode is cleared by
power loss or reset.
Damping
Damping is standard, affecting only the PV and the loop current signal.
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Model F-5500
HART Programming
COMMUNICATIONS
Common
Commands
Common-Practice Commands, Supported Commands
The following common-practice commands are implemented:
34 Write Damping Value
35 Write Range Values
36 Set PV Upper Range Values
37 Set PV Lower Range Values
38 Reset "Configuration Changed" Flag
40 Enter/Exit Fixed Current Mode
44 Write PV Units
45 Trim Loop Minimum
46 Trim Loop Maximum
48 Read Additional Device Status (Command #48 returns 2 bytes of data)
59 Write Number of Response Preambles
Capability Checklist
Manufacturer, model
Device type
HART revision
Device Description available
Number and type of sensors
Number and type of actuators
Number and type of host side signals
Number of Device Variables
Number of Dynamic Variables
Mappable Dynamic Variables
Number of common-practice
commands
Number of device-specific commands
Bits of additional device status
Alternative operating modes
Burst mode
Write-protection
ONICON Inc, F-5500
Transmitter
7.1
No
1
0
1 : 4-20mA analog
0
4
No
17
0
8
No
No
Yes
Common-Practice Commands, Unsupported Commands
Burst Mode- This device does not support Burst Mode.
Catch Device Variable- This device does not support Catch Device Variable.
Device-Specific Commands- No Device-Specific commands are implemented.
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Model F-5500
HART Programming
Programming
HART
Enter the Programming Mode - HART
Press the F1 or the F2 key repeatedly, in the normal running mode, until the following
screen is shown. This enters the programming mode:
SET PARAMETERS?
NO
YES
Press YES (F4) and then the following screen will prompt the user to enter the
password if enabled:
PASWD:_
UP
DN
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Enter the correct password. Default password for Level 1 is 1234.
Communication Protocol and Parameters
To program the communication parameters, press I/O (F1) key from the main menu.
I/O
MAIN MENU
FLO
DSP
COMMUNICATIONS
F1F2F3F4
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
This is the main menu for the programming mode. To exit the programming mode,
press EXIT (F4) repeatedly until “Normal Mode” is seen briefly. Choose I/O (F1) to
access the communication output.
COM
SET I/O
PUL
420
EXIT
F1F2F3F4
Then press COM (F1) to select communication parameters
Set Bus protocol for HART:
Comm=HART
NXT
OK
F1F2F3F4
Press NXT (F1) until HART is selected as shown and then press OK (F4) to accept the
setting.
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Model F-5500
F-5500
Model
Maintenance: Precautions
MAINTENANCE
COMMUNICATIONS
Precautions
PRECAUTIONS
WARNING! BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY MAINTENANCE, TAKE THE NECESSARY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS BEFORE REMOVING THE PROBE FROM THE DUCT
(EXAMPLE: PURGE LINES OF TOXIC AND/OR EXPLOSIVE GAS, DEPRESSURIZE,
ETC...).
WARNING! EXPLOSION HAZARD. DO NOT REMOVE OR REPLACE COMPONENTS
OR FUSES UNLESS POWER HAS BEEN DISCONNECTED WHEN A FLAMMABLE OR
COMBUSTIBLE ATMOSPHERE IS PRESENT.
WARNING! EXPLOSION HAZARD. DO NOT DISCONNECT EQUIPMENT WHEN A
FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE ATMOSPHERE IS PRESENT.
Access to Electronics
Accessing electronics is not normally required for maintenance purposes. If a loose
connection is suspected, unscrew the cap of the meter, unscrew the two phillips
captive screws through the display and open the display assembly to access the
wiring terminations.
CAUTION: BE SURE POWER TO METER IS SWITCHED OFF BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
ACCESS ELECTRONICS. If there is a problem and a loose connection is not found,
please contact ONICON Customer Service for technical assistance at 727-447-6140.
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Model F-5500
Maintenance: General
Maintenance
Broken or Damaged Probe
If the sensor is broken or damaged, the probe and electronics must be returned to the
factory. A new sensor will be installed and calibrated. Refer to "Returning Your Meter"
on p. 93.
Fuse Replacement
Warning! Turn input power OFF before removing or installing a fuse. Use only
recommended fuse replacements.
Verify the fuse is defective by measuring it with an Ohm Meter (Two replacement fuses
are provided with each unit). Replacement fuse is Littelfuse part number 0454.750MR
To replace the fuse:
The fuse F1 is located near the power terminal block and can be removed by using
tweezers or needle-nose pliers.
Sensor Cleaning
The sensor is insensitive to small amounts of residue, but continued use in dirty
environments will necessitate periodic cleaning. To inspect the sensor, remove power
from electronics and remove the unit from the pipe or duct, exposing the sensor
elements. If they are visibly dirty, clean them with water or alcohol (ethanol) using an
appropriate brush until they appear clean again. Even though the sensor elements are
rugged, avoid touching them with any solid object and use a light touch while cleaning
them.
COMMUNICATIONS
MAINTENANCE
Flow Calibration and Calibration Validation
To ensure continued high accuracy of your Model F-5500 Flow Meter, ONICON Inc.
provides a full NIST traceable calibration. It is recommended that the meter's accuracy
be checked annually by performing the Zero CAL-CHECK® Calibration Validation test.
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Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: General
Troubleshooting Troubleshooting
Caution! The electronics and sensor supplied by ONICON are calibrated as a single
precision mass flow meter. Interchanging sensors will decrease the accuracy of the
flow meter. If you experience any problem with your Model F-5500 Flow meter, call
ONICON Customer Service Department, Technical Assistance at 727-447-6140.
TROUBLESHOOTING
MAINTENANCE
LED Indicators
The LED indicators near the terminal blocks of the F-5500 display the status of the
F-5500. The Heartbeat LED blinks fast when the F-5500 is powered up, and blinks
about once a second when the F-5500 operates normally.
The Transmit and
Receive LEDs blink when
messages are sent and
received through serial
communication. The
Receive LED may be
illuminated if the F-5500 has
HART communication and
the 4-20mA output is not
connected.
Problem
Display Error
Flow measurement
seems low
Possible Cause(s)
1. Loose ribbon cable/
damaged ribbon cable
Receive LED (Orange)
Transmit LED (Yellow)
Heartbeat LED (Green)
(-) (+)
Power
12-28VDC
!
(-) (+)
4-20mA
Action(s)
1. Visual inspection.
2. Cycle the power to reset the meter.
1. Probe not oriented properly 1. Orient probe per installation sections:
Insertion (p. 18), Inline (p. 26)
2. Sensor dirty
2. Clean sensor (p. 79)
Unit will not power-up 1. No power input
2. Bad fuse
3. Bad Power supply
1. Check fuse (F1) located next to TS1 on main
board.
2. Check for correct power supply voltage at
TS1 on main board.
If fuse is OK and unit still won’t power up, call
ONICON for additional assistance
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Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: General
Problem
Meter resets
Possible Cause
1. Intermittent power
2. Electromagnetic
interference (EMI)
Action
1. Measure the power input voltage
2. Check Power input and output cables
grounding and routing.
4. Press and release F1 and F2 at the same
time; the display will enter Engineering
screens.
5. Press F1 to get to screen #23; record power
cycle value.
6. Press F4 to return to normal operation;
monitor meter until problem returns.
7. Return to screen #23 to see if power cycles
have increased; microprocessor is resetting
due to EMI electrical noise entering the meter.
Flow measurement is 1. Very turbulent flow
erratic or fluctuating
2. Sensor dirty
1. Increase dampening (see filter settings in
"Flow Parameters" on p. 51)
2. Clean sensor (Refer to Maintenance section,
p. 79)
3. Sensor broken
3. Return flow meter to ONICON for repair
(Refer to p. 93 for shipping instructions)
4. Probe not mounted
securely
4. Remount probe (see Installation section, p.
18); must be mounted securely without
vibration. If vibration persists, choose a new
mounting location without vibration.
5. Malfunction in flow meter
5. Return flow meter to ONICON for repair
(Refer to p. 93 for shipping instructions)
6. Meter installed incorrectly
6. Re-install meter according to instructions
(Refer to installation section, p. 18)
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
3. Check meter power cycles value
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Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: Zero CAL-CHECK®
TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting Troubleshooting Zero CAL-CHECK®
If the F-5500 Meter fails a Zero CAL-CHECK® Calibration Validation test, there are a
Zero CALfew reasons that could be the cause:
CHECK®
1. The sensor may be dirty or damaged
• Visually inspect the meter for damage. If damage is found, meter may need
to be serviced. Contact ONICON Technical Assistance at 727-447-6140 for
more information
• Try cleaning the sensor and try the test again
• If the meter fails again, move to #2
2. The sensor may not be properly covered/isolated
• Out of Pipe:
• Wind currents (fans in room included) could be affecting the sensor
• Be sure to use a clean dry plastic bottle to isolate the sensor
• In Pipe:
• Make sure that there is a "no flow" or zero flow condition on the meter's
sensor
• Try the test again
• If the meter fails again, move to #3
3. The meter may not have stabilized properly
• Make sure the meter is not being affected by vibration or other movement
• Allow the meter to stabilize without being moved or touched for 15 minutes
• Try the test again
• If the meter fails again, contact ONICON Technical Assistance at 727-4476140
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 82
Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: Installation Problems
Installation
Problems
Precautions
Installation Problems
The following is a summary listing of problems that may be encountered with the
installation of the F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter.
1. Improper wiring connections for power and/or 4-20mA output signal.
2. Inadequate power source.
The F-5500 requires 12 to 28VDC at up to 6 Watts to operate. A 20 Watt power
supply is recommended for powering the F-5500 to ensure it operates properly
under all conditions. If the voltage supplied at the input terminals of the F-5500 is
not within the range, a variety of problems will occur.
3. Flow measurement seems inaccurate.
• Check to ensure that the flow meter is installed so that the Flow Direction
Indicator below the electronics housing is properly pointing in the direction
of flow. Refer to "Fig. 2.5: Orientation of Flow Meter" on page 21. If not,
change orientation of meter.
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
A separate power source is recommended for the F-5500 main board and the
4-20mA output signals. Two wires supply 24VDC power to the main board. Two
wires are used for the 4-20mA output signals. Refer to "Fig. 3.2: 4-20mA Output
Wiring for Customer-Supplied Power Source" on page 31 and "Fig. 3.3: 4-20mA
Output Wiring for Loop Power Provided by F-5500" on page 32. Also refer to
"Wiring Precautions" in Wiring section (p. 29) for further guidance.
• Check that the insertion depth of the sensor/probe is correct. The end of the
probe should be adjusted as per "Fig. 2.7a: Standard F-5500" on page 22.
• Ensure that there are a minimum of fifteen diameters of straight pipe upstream
of the sensor and ten diameters downstream. If complex flow disturbances
are upstream of the sensor, extension of the straight pipe may be required to
ensure accurate flow measurement. Contact ONICON for assistance.
• Ensure that pipe inside diameter in the meter matches data on the ONICON
Calibration Certificate. The pipe inside diameter is programmed into the flow
meter through the front panel (see "Flow Parameters" on page 51).
4. Erratic flow reading (especially a flow reading spiking high).
This may be a symptom of moisture in the flow stream. ONICON flow meters
are designed to work in relatively dry gas applications only. Contact ONICON to
discuss resolutions to this problem.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 83
Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: Installation Problems
TROUBLESHOOTING
Installation
Problems
5. Flow meter is not responding to flow.
Check to ensure adequate power is supplied to the flow meter. If things appear to
be correct, perform this functional test before calling ONICON: carefully remove
the probe and sensor from the pipe. Blow on the sensor to see if a response
occurs. If nothing happens, take a damp rag or sponge and place it in contact with
the sensor. A reading should occur. Contact ONICON Customer Service with this
information.
6. Display and/or 4-20mA signal reading above zero flow when no flow is occurring
in the pipe.
If the reading is less than 5% of full scale, it is likely this is a normal condition
caused by convection flow created by the heated sensor. It does not mean that
the zero of the instrument is improperly set. The ONICON sensor is extremely
sensitive to gas flow and can even read the small flow caused by convection. If
this is an unacceptable condition, please contact ONICON Customer Service for
alternatives.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 84
Model F-5500
Troubleshooting: Alarm Codes
Alarm Codes
Reason
Action
13
Flow rate above high
limits
Refer to the FLOW MENU 2 portion of the "Flow Parameters" section starting
on p. 51 of this Manual to verify limit is within range. Check ALM =
HiFloAlm under PRM.
14
Flow rate below low
limits
Refer to the FLOW MENU 2 portion of the "Flow Parameters" section starting
on p. 51 of this Manual to verify limit is within range. Check ALM =
LoFloAlm under PRM.
15
Temperature above high Refer to the FLOW MENU 2 portion of the "Flow Parameters" section
limits
starting on p. 51 of this Manual to verify limit is within range. Check
ALM=HiTempAlm under PRM.
16
Temperature below low
limits
Refer to the FLOW MENU 2 portion of the "Flow Parameters" section starting
on p. 51 of this Manual to verify limit is within range. Check ALM =
LoTempAlm
25
Simulation mode
Meter is in Simulation Mode. Refer to the FLOW MENU 1 section on p. 56
of this Manual. Use the SIM Section under Diagnostics to return to normal
operation.
26
Pulse/alarm output over Refer to the DIGITAL OUTPUT MENU on p. 6 of this Manual. Verify the
range
Pulse/alarm Output settings are within limits.
32
CH1 - 4-20mA is out of Refer to the MAIN MENU on p. 5 of this Manual. Use the Set I/O section
range
to verify range limits.
36
Database CRC Error
Refer to the Reset CRC section on p. 55 of this manual. Verify the
programmed values are verified and corrected before clearing the error.
Contact ONICON Service Department for possible causes.
37
Total Alarm Error
Refer to the RESET TOTAL section on p. 56 of this Manual to reset total.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 85
TROUBLESHOOTING
Alarm
Code
Alarm Codes
Information to diagnose and clear alarm codes is on p. 8 under the Menu Tree
section. Enter password (9111) and follow the block diagram to get to the section
affected by the error code.
Model F-5500
Appendices: Specifications
Performance Specs
Performance &
Operating Specs Flow Accuracy:
Natural Gas and Propane: 1% R 500 - 7000 SFPM
Natural Gas and Propane: 2% R 100 - 500 SFPM
Air: ±1% of reading ±0.5% of full scale
Accuracy specification applies to customer's selected flow range
Maximum range: 15 to 35,000 SFPM (0.07 to 71 NMPS)
Minimum range: 15 to 1,000 SFPM (0.07 to 4.7 NMPS)
APPENDICES
Flow Response Time: 1 second (one time constant)
Temperature Accuracy: ±1° F (±0.6° C)
Calibration:
Factory Calibration to NIST traceable standards
Zero CAL-CHECK®: In situ, operator-initiated calibration validation
Operating Specs
Units of Measurement (field selectable):
SCFM, SCFH, NM3/H, NM3/M, KG/H, KG/M, KG/S, LB/H, LB/M, LB/S, NLPH,
NLPM, MMSCFD, LB/D, SLPM, NLPS, MSCFD, SM3/H, MT/H, NM3/D, MMSCFM,
SCFD, MCFD, SM3/M, SM3/D
Flow Velocity Range:
15 to 35,000 SFPM (0.07 to 71 NMPS) Turndown: up to 1000:1; 100:1 typical
Flow Ranges
i
Pipe Diameter
SCFM
NM3/hr
1.5" (40mm)
2" (50mm)
3" (80mm)
4" (100mm)
6" (150mm)
8" (200mm)
12" (300mm)
0-210
0-350
0-770
0-1,330
0-3,000
0-5,210
0-11,700
0-330
0-550
0-1,210
0-2,100
0-4,730
0-8,220
0-18,450
Note: To determine if the F-5500 will operate accurately in other pipe sizes, divide the maximum flow
rate by the pipe area. The application is acceptable if the resulting velocity is within the velocity range
above.
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Specifications
Operating Specs Gas Pressure (maximum):
i
Insertion:
Probe: 300 psig (20.7 barg)*
Process adapter fitting: 60 psig (4.1 barg)
Inline:
Flanged: ANSI 150 (230 psig at 100°F (16 barg))
NPT: 300 psig (20.7 barg)
Relative Humidity: Non-condensing
Temperature:
DDC-Sensor™: -40 to 250°F (-40 to 121°C)
Enclosure: -40 to 158°F (-40 to 70°C)*
*Note: Display dims below -4˚F (-20˚C), function returns once temperature rises again.
Input Power: 12 to 28VDC, 6 watts minimum (CE requirement)
Full Input Power Range: 10 to 30VDC.
A 20 Watt or greater power supply is recommended to power the F-5500.
Outputs:
Channel 1:
APPENDICES
Note: Condensing liquids contacting the sensor can cause erratic flow indication.
Standard isolated 4-20mA output configured to indicate either flow or temperature;
fault indication per NAMUR NE43.
The 4-20mA load resistance must be 125 ohms or less when operating on 12 volt
power and 600 ohms or less on 24 volt power.
HART communication option
Channel 2:
F-5500 can be ordered with either the pulse output or serial communication
option.
• Pulse option: Isolated open collector output rated for 5 to 24VDC, 10mA
maximum load. The output can be configured as a 500ms scaled pulse for
totalization or as an on/off indication.
• Serial communication option: Isolated RS485 Modbus RTU or BACnet MS/TP.
USB Communication:
Isolated mini USB 2.0 for interfacing with a laptop or computer is standard.
F-5000 View: A free PC-based software tool that provides complete configuration,
remote process monitoring, and data logging functions through USB
communication.
4-20mA and Pulse Verification:
Simulation mode used to align 4-20mA output and pulse output (if ordered) with the
input to customer’s PLC/DCS.
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Specifications
Physical Specs
Physical Specs
Sensor material:
316 stainless steel
Enclosure:
NEMA 4X, aluminum, dual ¾” FNPT conduit entries.
APPENDICES
Process Adapter Fitting:
60 psig (4.1 barg) max.
Flow Meter Installation:
ONICON-supplied compression fitting connects to customer-supplied ¾” female
coupling welded to pipe.
Agency
Approvals
Agency Approvals
CE Mark
EMC Directive; 2014/30/EU
Emissions and Immunity Testing: EN61326-1:2013
FM (USA) and FMc (Canada): Pending
Class I, Division 1, Groups B,C,D;
Class II, Division 1, Groups E,F,G;
Class III, Division 1; T4, Ta = - 40˚C to 70˚C;
Class 1, Zone 1, AEx/Ex db IIB + H2 T4; Gb Ta= -40˚C to 70˚C;
Type 4X, IP66/67
www.onicon.com
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 88
Model F-5500
Appendices: Dimensions
Local with
Process
Adapter
Fitting
Fig. 7.1 Insertion Meter with Process Adapter Fitting Dimensions
Measurements shown in inches (millimeters).
6.09 [154.7]
4.64 [118.0]
2.60 [66.1]
2X 3/4" FNPT
PORTS
F1
F2
F3
6.32 [160.5]
F4
2X SET SCREW
ELECTRONICS
ENCLOSURE
FLOW DIRECTION
INDICATOR
COMPRESSION FITTING,
3/4" TUBE, 316 SST
PROCESS ADAPTER FITTING
SUPPLIED WITH METER
PROCESS ADAPTER FITTING
4.31 [109.5]
BALL VALVE, 1 IN. FEMALE NPT,
FULL PORT, BRONZE
APPENDICES
6.70 [170.2]
"LL"
NOMINAL LENGTH
INSTALL KIT, INSTALLED
AT INSTALLATION
INSTALL KIT
THREADOLET, 1" OUTLET,
CARBON STEEL
PROBE
NOTE: PROCESS ADAPTER FITTING &
INSTALL KIT SHOWN ASSEMBLED
STANDARD
PROCESS ADAPTER FITTING
RETAINING RING
Collar
Crimped stop
CL SENSING AREA
.73 [18.5]
Spacer
Ø.75 [19.1]
Cable
Screwed stop
Table 7.1 Insertion Meter with 316 stainless steel
probe
Process Adapter Fitting
Dimension “LL”
HIGH PRESSURE
PROCESS ADAPTER
FITTING
[inches / millimeters]
15.0" (381 mm)
18.0" (457 mm)
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Dimensions
Local Inline NPT
Meter
Fig. 7.2: Inline Meter with 316 Stainless Steel Flow Body and NPT End Connections
Dimensions
6.09 [154.7]
4.64 [118.0]
2.60 [66.1]
APPENDICES
2X 3/4" FNPT
PORTS
6.70 [170.2]
F1
F2
F3
6.32 [160.5]
F4
2X SET SCREW
ELECTRONICS
ENCLOSURE
"H"
FLOW DIRECTION
INDICATOR
S/N XXXXX -->
"L"
Table 7.2 Inline Meter with 316 stainless steel flow body and NPT End Connections
Body Size
[inches]
Dimension “L”
[inches]
Dimension “H”
[inches / millimeters]
0.75"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.00"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.25"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.50"
12"
12.70" (323mm)
2.00"
12"
12.70" (323mm)
2.50"
18"
12.70" (323mm)
3.00"
18"
12.70" (323mm)
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Dimensions
Local Inline
Flange Meter
Fig. 7.3: Inline Meter with 316 Stainless Steel Flow Body and 150# RF Flange End
Connections Dimensions
6.09 [154.7]
4.64 [118.0]
2.60 [66.1]
6.70 [170.2]
F1
F2
F3
6.32 [160.5]
F4
2X SET SCREW
ELECTRONICS
ENCLOSURE
"H"
FLOW DIRECTION
INDICATOR
APPENDICES
2X 3/4" FNPT
PORTS
S/N XXXXX -->
"L"
Table 7.3 Inline Meter with 316 stainless steel flow body and 150# RF Flange End Connections
Body Size
[inches]
Dimension “L”
[inches]
Dimension “H”
[inches / millimeters]
0.75"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.00"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.25"
12"
10.70" (272mm)
1.50"
12"
12.70" (323mm)
2.00"
12"
12.70" (323mm)
2.50"
18"
12.70" (323mm)
3.00"
18"
12.70" (323mm)
4.00"
18"
12.70" (323mm)
6.00"
24"
12.70" (323mm)
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Warranty
APPENDICES
Warranty
Warranty
(a) ONICON warrants that the products furnished under this Agreement will be free
from defects in material and workmanship for a period of two years from the date
of shipment. The customer shall provide notice of any defect to ONICON, within one
week after the Customer’s discovery of such defect. The sole obligation and liability of
ONICON, under this warranty shall be repair or replace, at its option, without cost to the
Customer, the defective product or part.
(b) Upon request by ONICON, the product or part claimed to be defective shall
immediately be returned at the Customer’s expense to ONICON. Replaced or repaired
products or parts will be shipped to the Customer at the expense of ONICON. ONICON
shall have the right of final determination as to the existence and cause of defect.
(c) There shall be no warranty or liability for any products or parts that have been
subject to misuse, accident, negligence, failure of electric power or modifications by
the Customer without the written approval of ONICON. Final determination of warranty
eligibility shall be made by ONICON. If a warranty claim is considered invalid for any
reason, the Customer will be charged for services performed and expenses incurred
by ONICON, in handling and shipping the returned unit.
(d) The liability of ONICON shall be limited to replacing or repairing, at its option, any
defective parts which are returned. Labor and related expenses incurred to install
replacement parts are not covered by this warranty.
(e) As to replacement parts supplied or repairs made during the original warranty
period, the warranty period for the replacement or repaired part shall terminate with the
termination of the warranty period of the original product or part.
(f) The use of these products is under exclusive control of the purchaser and ONICON
specifically denies any responsibility for the calibration of units and/or accuracy
of work performed or the safety of the system in which ONICON products is used.
EXTERNAL SAFETY DEVICES MUST BE USED WITH THIS EQUIPMENT.
(g) No warranty is made with respect to custom equipment or products produced
to Buyer’s specifications except as specifically stated in writing by ONICON and
contained in the agreement.
(h) THE FOREGOING WARRANTY CONSTITUTES THE SOLE LIABILITY OF ONICON,
AND THE CUSTOMER’S SOLE REMEDY WITH RESPECT TO THE PRODUCTS
AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, LIABILITIES, AND
REMEDIES. EXCEPT AS THUS PROVIDED, ONICON, DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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Model F-5500
Appendices: Returning Your Meter
Returning Your
Meter
Returning Your Meter
The ONICON Customer Service Department
(PH: 727-447-6140 or FAX: 727-442-5699) can help you through the process of
returning a meter for service.
If it becomes necessary to return a ONICON flow meter for service or recalibration,
please follow these steps:
i
APPENDICES
1. A Return Material Authorization (RMA) Number must be obtained from the ONICON
Customer Service Department prior to returning any ONICON meter(s).
2. Please have your meter’s serial number(s) available.
3. Read and complete the ONICON RMA Customer Information Form. Be sure to
initial the decontamination statement as well as provide complete return shipping
instructions (we cannot deliver to post office boxes).
4. The entire flow meter must be returned, including all electronics (unless
specifically instructed to do otherwise). ALL serial numbers must match their
corresponding meters. This is especially necessary when returning flow body
models.
5. Clean and decontaminate all wetted parts before returning to ONICON.
6. Ship the meter to the following address:
ONICON
399 Reservation Road
Marina, CA 93933
Attn: Service Dept.
[RMA Number]
Note: Be sure to review all of the information on the Customer Information Form before
sending your meter to the ONICON Customer Service Department. The ONICON
Shipping/Receiving Department cannot accept meters that have not been prepared
appropriately.
What to Expect What to expect while your meter is being serviced
During Servicing Depending on the type of service required when returning your ONICON meter, there
are varying turnover times for servicing a meter. The average time needed to service
the meter is 7-10 days (not including shipping or peak production times).
If you have already shipped your meter to ONICON for servicing and would like to
check the status of your meter, please fill out our online Service Order Status form
located at www.onicon.com and you will hear from a Customer Service Rep within 1
business day of your requested update.
Rush recalibration service is available for a fee. Restrictions apply.
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 93
Model F-5500
DEFINITIONS
Aa
Definitions
Glossary of Terms and Definitions
AWG
American Wire Gauge
Bara
Bar absolute
CTC
Contact
CAL
Calibration
CHG
Change
COM
Communication
CSV
Current Sense Voltage
DC
Direct Current
DN Down
DSP
Display
ELP
Elapsed time
Feq Frequency
Ft^2
Square Feet
I/O Input/Output
INP Input
IR
Infrared (IR Buttons = optical switches)
LB Pound
LB/D
Pound per Day
LB/H
Pound per Hour
LB/M
Pound per Minute
LB/S
Pound per Second
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
KG Kilogram
KG/H
Kilogram per Hour
KG/M
Kilogram per Minute
KG/S
Kilogram per Second
M^2
Square Meter
mmHG
Pressure in millimeters of mercury
MMSCFD
Million Standard Cubic Feet per Day
MXFLO
Maximum Flow
NEMA
National Electrical Manufactures
Association
NIST
National Institute of Standards and
Technology
NL
Normal Liter
NLPH
Normal Liter per Hour
NLPM
Normal Liter per Minute
NM3
Normal cubic Meter
NM3/H
Normal cubic Meter per Hour
NM3/M
Normal cubic Meter per Minute
NPT
National Pipe Thread
PDA
Personal hand held computer
PC
Personal Computer
P/U
Pulse per Unit
PIP A^2
Pipe Area
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
PRM
Parameters
PRS
Pressure
PSIA
Pounds per Square Inch Absolute
Pt Point
PSW
Password
SIM Simulation
SCF
Standard Cubic Feet
SCFM
Standard Cubic Feet per Minute
SCFH
Standard Cubic Feet per Hour
SCFD Standard Cubic Feet per Day
SPC
Special Control
STP
Standard Temperature and
Pressure
TMP
Temperature
TSI
Internal Variable
TSV
Internal Variable
UNT
Unit
U/P
Unit per Pulse
420
4-20mA output
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Model F-5500
Aa
Index
Index
DEFINITIONS
Access to Electronics, Page 28
Alarm Codes, p. 85
Alarm wiring, p. 33
Analog 4-20mA output, p. 42
Breakage or Damage of Probe, p. 79
Dimension Details, p. 89
Discrete output setting, p. 45
Display Screens, p. 40
Display Setup, p. 46
Engineering Screens, p. 11
Entering the programming mode, p. 41
Equal length sensors, p. 21
Filter value, p. 52
Flow Meter Placement, p. 18
Flow Units, p. 48
Pulse/alarm Output, p. 43
Fuse Replacement, p. 79
Glossary, p. 94
Installation,
Compression Fitting - Insertion, p. 24
General Precautions, p. 17
Lateral Placement, p. 18
Mounting, p. 18
Orientation of Meter - Insertion, p. 24
Introduction, p. 12
K Factor, p. 54
Level 2 password, p. 48
Local Display, p. 14
Local Input Wiring, p. 30
Mass Flow, p. 12
Measurement Mode, p. 40
Menu Tree,
Digital Output, p. 6
Display Menu, p. 9
Engineering Display, p. 10
Main Menu, p. 5
Flow Menu 1, p. 7
Flow Menu 2, p. 8
Zero CAL-CHECK® Menu, p. 10
Mounting meter, p. 18
Orientation of meter - Insertion type, p. 24
Password
Level 1, p. 48
Level 2, p. 48
Programming, p. 48
Power Input Wiring, p. 30
Preventative Maintenance, p. 79
Product Description, p. 12
Programming
Analog 4-20mA Output, p. 42
Alarm Output, p. 45
Changing values or strings, p. 41
Display Setup, p. 46
Filter value, p. 52
Flow cutoff, p. 51
Flow Parameters, p. 51
Flow and maximum pulse/alarm, p. 43
High Alarm Limit value, p. 52
Pulse/alarm Output, p. 43
K Factor, p. 54
Low Alarm Limit value, p. 52
Password, p. 48
Pipe Diameter, p. 52
Programming Mode, p. 41
Restore Database, p. 54
Reset CRC, p. 55
Reset Total/Elapsed Time, p. 56
Selecting from a list, p. 41
Serial Communication, p. 46
Simulation, p. 56
Unit-per-pulse, p. 44
Unit settings, p. 48
Using the Local Display, p. 41
Replacements Fuses, p. 79
Restore Database, p. 54
Reset Total/Elapsed Time, p. 56
Return Procedure, p. 93
Sensor Cleaning, p. 79
Sensor Orientation, p. 24
Simulation Mode, p. 56
Theory of Operation, p. 12
To program the display, p. 47
Totalizer Rollover, p. 56
Troubleshooting, p. 80
Alarm Codes, p. 85
General, p. 81
Installation Problems, p. 83
USB Interface, p. 39
Warranty, p. 89
Wiring
Alarms, p. 33
Pulse/Alarm Outputs, p. 33
Grounding, p. 29
Input - Local, p. 30
Instructions, p. 24 Local meters, p. 30
Power Input, p. 30
Precautions, p. 29
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F-5500 Thermal Mass Flow Meter Manual 12/16 - 2030 / 107023
Page 95
Wiring
Aa
Definition of Terms
Troubleshooting Tips
i
Information
Caution - (refer to accompanying documents):
Please follow the specified instructions and
general safety practices.
Indicates compliance with the WEEE Directive.
Please dispose of the product in accordance
with local regulations and conventions.
Indicates compliance with the applicable
European Union Directives for Safety and
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
2014/30/EU).
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