RM50-U/V - Rugged Radios

RM50-U/V - Rugged Radios
RM50-U/V
Dual Band Mobile Radio
Thank you!
Thank you for choosing this transceiver! You’ll feel the performance of this transceiver
during using it.enjoy the fun.
We suggest you to read the manual carefully before installing this transceiver,for better
understanding the functions and the performance of this transceiver.
We believe this product can meet your need in voice and data communications,and provide relevant technical support.
Brief Introduction
This transceiver is a fine piece of work dual-band radio with high quality,big output power and great receiving performance.The features includes:
ˆˆ 50W on the frequency of 144MHz.45W on 430MHz.
ˆˆ With DC heatsink and temperature-control cooling fan,ensuring the circuit is within
the safe range of temperature.
ˆˆ 1105 channels,can store independent TX,CTCSS/DCS frequency,and set the name of
the channel.
ˆˆ Built-in CTCSS/DCS encoding circuit.
ˆˆ Multi-function LCD screen.
Contents
Accessories...........................................................1
Supplied Accessories........................................1
Installation...........................................................2
Installation Tips.................................................2
Safety Information............................................3
Mobile Installation............................................4
Mobile Power Connections...........................5
Mobile Speaker.............................................5
Base Station Installation...................................6
Ac Power Supplies........................................6
Packet Radio Terminal Node Controller.......6
Front Panel Controls & Switches......................8
Side Panel Connection & Knob.......................10
LCD................................................................10
Rear Panel Connections...................................11
Microphone........................................................12
Basic Operation.................................................14
Turning The Transceiver On And Off.............14
Adjusting The Audio Volume Level and
Squelch Setting...............................................14
Selecting The Operating Band........................14
Frequency Navagation....................................15
Transmission...................................................16
Changing The Transmitter Power Level.....16
Advanced Operation.........................................17
Lock Feature...................................................17
Keyboard Beeper............................................17
Display Brightness..........................................18
RF Squelch......................................................18
Channel Step Selection...................................19
Receiving Mode Selection..............................19
Repeater Operation..........................................20
Repeater Shifts................................................20
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS)....................20
Manual Repeater Shift Activation...................21
Changing The Default Repeater Shifts.......21
CTCSS/DCS Operation....................................22
CTCSS Operation...........................................22
DCS Operation................................................23
Tone Search Scanning.....................................24
Split Tone Operation.......................................25
Memory Operation...........................................27
Regular Memory Channel Operation..............27
Memory Storage..........................................27
To Append An Alpha-Numeric “Tag”
to a Memory............................................27
Storing Independent
Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Splits”)......28
Memory Recall............................................29
Memory Offset Tuning...............................29
Deleting Memories......................................30
HOME Channel Memory............................30
Memory Bank Operation............................32
Memory Only Mode...................................33
Hyper Memory Channel Operation................34
Hyper Memory Storage...............................34
Hyper Memory Recall.................................34
Weather Broardcast Channel Operation..........35
Scanning.............................................................36
Setting The Scan-Resume Technique.............36
VFO Scanning.................................................37
Memory Scanning...........................................38
How To Skip (Omit) A Channel During
Memory Scan Operation.............................38
Preferential Memory Scan..........................39
Memory Bank Scan.....................................40
Weather Alert Scan......................................40
Programmable Memory Scan.........................41
“Priority Channel” Scanning (Dual Watch)...42
VFO Priority...............................................42
Memory Priority..........................................42
HOME Priority...........................................42
WX Priority.................................................43
Priority Revert Mode..................................43
Smart Search.....................................................44
Auto Range Transponder System (ARTS)......46
Basic ARTS Setup And Operation..................46
ARTS Polling Time Options...........................47
ARTS Alert Beep Option................................47
CW Identifier Setup........................................48
DTMF Autodialer Operation...........................50
Internet Connection Feature............................52
Miscellaneous Settings......................................54
Time-Out Timer..............................................54
Automatic Power-Off......................................54
MIC Gain Control...........................................55
Programming The Key Assignments..............56
DCS Code Inversion.......................................58
Reset Procedure.................................................59
Cloning...............................................................60
Menu (“Set”) Mode...........................................61
“Auto” Mode Preset Operating Parameters......63
Specifications.....................................................64
Trouble Shooting...............................................65
ACCESSORIES
SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
Microphone MH-RM50........................................................................................................1
Mobile Mounting Bracket MMB-RM50..............................................................................1
DC Power Cord w/Fuse (T9021715) ...................................................................................1
Spare Fuse 15 A (Q0000081) ...............................................................................................2
Operating Manual.................................................................................................................1
Separation Kit for Remote Head...........................................................................................1
Extension Cable for Remote Head........................................................................................1
1
INSTALLATION
This chapter describes the installation procedure for integrating this radio into a typical
amateur radio station. It is presumed that you possess technical knowledge and conceptual understanding consistent with your status as a licensed radio amateur. Please take some
extra time to make certain that the important safety and technical requirements detailed in
this chapter are followed closely.
INSTALLATION TIPS
To ensure long life of the components, be certain to provide adequate ventilation around
the cabinet of this transceiver. Do not install the transceiver on top of another heat-generating device (such as a power supply or amplifier), and do not place equipment, books,
or papers on top of this transceiver.Avoid heating vents and window locations that could
expose the transceiver to excessive direct sunlight, especially in hot climates. This transceiver should not be used in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds +140
°F (+60 °C).
INSTALLATION
SAFETY INFORMATION
This transceiver is an electrical apparatus, as well as a generator of RF (Radio Frequency)
energy, and you should exercise all safety precautions as are appropriate for this type of
device. These safety tips apply to any device installed in a well-designed amateur radio
station.
Never allow unsupervised children to play in the vicinity of your transceiver or antenna installation.
Be certain to wrap any wire or cable splices thoroughly with insulating electrical
tape, to prevent short circuits.
Do not route cables or wires through door jambs or other locations where, through
wear and tear, they may become frayed and shorted to ground or to each other.
Do not stand in front of a directional antenna while you are transmitting into that
antenna.
Do not install a directional antenna in any location where humans or pets may be
walking in the main directional lobe of the antenna’s radiation pattern.
In mobile installations, it is preferable to mount your antenna on top of the roof of
the vehicle, if feasible, so as to utilize the car body as a counterpoise for the antenna and raise the radiation pattern as far away from passengers as possible.
During vehicular operation when stopped (in a parking lot, for example), make it a
practice to switch to Low power if there are people walking nearby.
Never wear dual-earmuff headphones while driving a vehicle.
Do not attempt to drive your vehicle while making a telephone call on an autopatch using the DTMF microphone. Pull over to the side of the road, whether dialing manually or using the auto-dial feature.
2
3
INSTALLATION
MOBILE INSTALLATION
This transceiver must only be installed in vehicles having a 13.8 Volt negative ground
electrical system. Mount the transceiver where the display, controls, and microphone are
easily accessible, using the supplied mounting bracket.
The transceiver may be installed in almost any location, but should not be positioned near
a heating vent nor anywhere where it might interfere with driving (either visually or mechanically). Make sure to provide plenty of space on all sides of the transceiver so that air
can flow freely around the radio’s case. Refer to the diagrams showing proper installation
procedures.
INSTALLATION
Mobile Power Connections
To minimize voltage drop and avoid blowing the vehicle’s fuses, connect the supplied DC
power cable directly to the battery terminals. Do not attempt to defeat or bypass the DC
cable’s fuse - it is there to protect you, your transceiver, and your vehicle’s electrical
system.
Warining!
Never apply AC power to the power cable of the transceiver, nor DC voltage greaterthan 15.8 Volts. When replacing the fuse, only use a 15-A fast-blow type. Failure
to observe these safety precautions will void the Limited Warranty on this product.
ˆˆ Before connecting the transceiver, check the voltage at the battery terminals while
revving the engine. If the voltage exceeds 15 Volts, adjust the vehicle’s voltage regulator before proceeding with installation.
ˆˆ Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) battery terminal, and the
BLACK power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) terminal. If you need to extend the
power cable, use #12 AWG or larger insulated, stranded copper wire. Solder the splice
connections carefully, and wrap the connections thoroughly with insulating electrical
tape.
ˆˆ Before connecting the cable to the transceiver, verify the voltage and polarity of the
voltage at the transceiver end of the DC cable using a DC voltmeter. Now connect the
transceiver to the DC cable.
WARNNING!
Never remove the FUSE holders
from the DC cable.
Cabin
Engine Room
RED: Positive (+)
BLACK: Negative (–)
Battery
Mobile Speaker
The external speaker has the impedance of 4Ω, and can be compatible with 3W of the audio ouput radio.
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5
INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION
BASE STATION INSTALLATION
The transceiver is ideal for base station use as well as in mobile installations. The transceiver is specifically designed to integrate into your station easily, using the information
to follow as a reference.
AC Power Supplies
Operation of this transceiver from an AC line requires a power source capable of providing at least 10 Amps continuously at 13.8 Volts DC. The FP-1023 and FP-1030A AC
Power Supplies are available from your dealer to satisfy these requirements. Other wellregulated power supplies may be used, as well, if they meet the above voltage and current
specifications.
Use the DC power cable supplied with your transceiver for making power connections to
the power supply. Connect the RED power cable lead to the POSITIVE (+) power supply
terminal, and connect the BLACK power cable lead to the NEGATIVE (–) power supply
terminal.
Packet Radio Terminal Node Controller (TNC)
The transceiver provides a convenient rear-panel DATA jack for easy connections to your
TNC. This connector is a standard mini-DIN connector. A pre-wired connector and cable
assembly option, model CT-39A, is available from your local dealer.
The transceiver’s DATA jack connections are optimized for the data transmission and reception speed in use. In accordance with industry standards, the signal levels, impedances, and bandwidths are significantly different on 9600 bps as opposed to 1200 bps. If your
TNC does not provide multiple lines to accommodate such optimization, you may still be
able to utilize your TNC, if it is designed for multiple-radio use, by connecting the TNC
“Radio 1” port to the 1200 bps lines on the TRANSCEIVER, and the “Radio 2” port to
the 9600 bps lines.
BASE STATION INSTALLATION
Note that 9600 bps packet transmit-deviation adjustment is very critical to successful operation, and can only be accomplished using a calibrated deviation meter (such as that found on
an FM Service Monitor used in a communications service center). In most cases, the Packet
Data Input level (set via a potentiometer inside the TNC) must be adjusted to provide a deviation of ±2.75 kHz (±0.25 kHz). Check with your packet node’s sysop if you have any questions about the appropriate deviation level for your network. Note also that high throughput
on 9600 bps frequently requires strong signals, so you may wish to consider the use of a
directional antenna such as a Yagi for communication with high-speed packet nodes.
The setting of the 1200 bps Packet Data Input level is much less critical than it is at 9600 bps,
and satisfactory adjustment to the optimum (±2.5 ~ ±3.5 kHz) deviation can usually be done
“by ear” by adjusting the TNC’s 1200 bps TX Audio Level potentiometer so that the outgoing packets (as monitored on a separate VHF or UHF receiver) are approximately the same
level as (A) the DTMF tones or (B) the 1750 Hz Burst tone produced using the microphone.
Finally, note that the Menu (“Set”) mode allows you to set the Packet data rate (1200 or
9600 bps) independently for each band. If you have trouble getting your TRANSCEIVER
to respond correctly during packet operation, check to be certain that you do not have
Menu #26 (PKT.SPD) set to the wrong data rate.
You may activate the microphone input while operating on the packet mode via the Menu
#25 (PKT.MIC), if desired. Generally, we do not recommend this, as a “live” microphone’s audio input will tend to reduce throughput by interfering with the packets being
transmitted by your radio.
9600 BPS PACKET SETUP
The pin connections of the Data connector are shown below.
6
Pin
Label
1
PKD
(DATA IN)
2
3
GND
PTT
4
RX9600
5
RX1200
6
PKS
(SQL)
Note
Packet Data Input
Impedance: 10 kΩ,
Maximum Input Level: 40 mV p-p for 1200 bps
2.0 Vp-p for 9600 bps
Signal Ground
Gound to Transmit
9600 bps Packet Data Output
Impedance: 10 kΩ, Maximum Output: 500 mV p-p
1200 bps Packet Data Output
Impedance: 10 kΩ, Maximum Output: 300 mV p-p
Squelch Control
Squelch Open: +5 V, Squelch Close: 0 V
DATA
OUT
CT-39A Wire Color
PTT
DATA IN
GND
DATA OUT
(9600bps)
Brown
Red
Orange
DATA
IN
PTT
1200 BPS PACKET SETUP
Yellow
DATA
OUT
Green
DATA
IN
PTT
DATA IN
GND
Blue
DATA OUT
(1200bps)
PTT
7
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS & SWITCHES
y [LOW(ACC)] Key
Press this key momentarily to select the transmitter power output level (“LOW”,
“MID2”, “MID1”, or “HIGH”).
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
You can program the alternate (press and hold in) function of this key to another
function, if desired.
u [BAND(SET)] Key
While operating on the VFO mode, press this key momentarily to toggle the operating band as follows:
144 MHz  250 MHz  350 MHz  430 MHz  850 MHz  144 MHz ......
In the Memory mode, press this key momentarily to activate the “Memory Tune”
function.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
q VOL Knob
This control adjusts the volume level of the receiver’s audio. Clockwise rotation increases the audio level.
w SQL Knob
This control sets the threshold level at which received signals (or noise) will open the
squelch. It should be advanced clockwise just to the point where the noise is silenced
(and the “
” indicator on the display turns off), so as to provide the best sensitivity to weak signals.
e Hyper Memory Buttons ([1] ~ [5])
Press and hold in one of these buttons for 2 seconds to store the current total configuration of the radio into a special “Hyper” memory bank.
Press the appropriate button momentarily to recall the desired “Hyper” memory.
r [MHz(PRI)] Key
Press this key momentarily to allow tuning in 1-MHz steps on the VFO frequency
while operating on the VFO mode. In the Memory mode, press this key momentarily
to allow tuning in 10 channel steps on the memory channels.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the Priority Channel Scanning
(Dual Watch feature).
t [TONE(HM/RV)] Key
Press this key momentarily to change the Tone Squelch mode: ENC (CTCSS Encoder), ENC.DEC (CTCSS Tone Squelch), or DCS (DCS) operation.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency (i.e. “Repeater”) operation.
8
i [V/M(MW)] Key
Press this key momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO, Memory
System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to transfer the VFO contents into a Memory
register.
o [SCAN(SEL)] Key
Press this key momentarily to activate the Scanner.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to select the scan mode.
!0 [S.SCH(ARTS)] Keys
Press this key momentarily to activate the Smart Search feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the ARTS feature.
!1 DIAL knob
This 20-position detented rotary switch is the tuning dial for the transceiver. It is used
for most tuning, memory selection, and function setting tasks on the transceiver.
!2 PWR (
) Switch
Press and hold in this switch for 1/2 second to toggle the transceiver’s power on and
off.
!3 [
(L)] Key
Press this key momentarily to activate the Internet Connection Feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to toggle the Lockout Feature “on” or “off”.
9
SIDE PANEL CONNECTION & KNOB
: PTT
: MIC
: GND
: +9V
: SW 1(Key Control)
: SW 2 (Key Contol)
q MIC Jack (Right Side)
Connect the supplied microphone to this jack.
w Front Panel Release Knob (Left Side)
Press this knob to unlock the front panel to detachable the front panel from the transceiver’s main body for remote-head operation (requires Separation Kit).
Digital Code Squelch (DCS) Operation
Skip Memory Channel
Priority Channel
Memory Channel Number
Repeater Shift Direction
CTCSS Operation
Transmission in Progress
Automatic Power-Off Active
Connect your antenna here, using a type-M plug (for USA version) or type-N plug (for
EXP version) and coaxial cable.
w Cooling Fan
e DATA Jack
This 6-pin mini-DIN connector provides simple interfacing to a packet Terminal
Node Controller (TNC) for 1200 bps or 9600 bps operation.
r EXT SP Jack
Memory Tune Mode
Operating Frequency
Menu (“Set”) Mode Active
Internet Connection Feature Active
AM Mode Selected
Low TX Power Selected
Midium TX Power Selected
10
q ANT Jack
The cooling fan rotates during transmission, and for 30 seconds after the radio returns
to the receive mode after transmitting.
When the RF power amplifier’s heat sink reaches a moderately high temperature, the
cooling fan will rotate automatically even if the radio is in the receive mode.
LCD DISPLAY
Preferential Memory Channel
REAR PANEL CONNECTION
Keypad/DIAL Lock Active
9600 bps Packet Mode
S- & PO Meter
BUSY Channel (or Squelch Off)
This 2-conductor, 3.5-mm mini phone jack provides audio output for an optional
speaker. The optimum load impedance is 8 Ohms. Inserting a plug into this jack disables the audio path to the transceiver’s internal speaker.
t 13.8V DC Cable Pigtails
This is the DC power supply connection for the transceiver. Use the supplied DC cable to connect this pigtail to the car battery or base station DC power supply capable
of at least 10 Amperes (continuous duty). Make certain that the Red lead connects
to the Positive (+) side of the power source, and that the Black lead connects to the
Negative (–) side of the power source.
11
MICROPHONE
q PTT Switch
Press this switch to transmit, and release
it to receive.
wKeypad
These 16 keys generate DTMF tones
during transmission.
In the receive mode, the numeric (0 - 9)
keys can be used for direct frequency
entry and/or direct numeric recall of the
Memory channels and the alphabet (A
- D) keys can be used for controls the
transceiver, as follow:
[A] Key:
Press this key momentarily to activate the Smart Search feature.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activates the ARTS feature.
[B] Key:
Press this key momentarily to switch the Memory Channel display between the
“Frequency” format and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
[C] Key:
Press this key momentarily to disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to
hear very weak signals near the background noise level.
[D] Key:
Press this key momentarily to allow tuning in 1-MHz steps on the VFO frequency while operating on the VFO mode. In the Memory mode, this allows tuning in
10 channel steps on the memory channels.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to activate the Priority Channel Scanning (Dual Watch) feature.
e [P1]/[P2]/[P3]/[P4] Buttons
[P1] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [BAND(SET)] key.
While operating on the VFO mode, press this button momentarily to toggle the
operating band as follows:
144 MHz  250 MHz  350 MHz  430 MHz  850 MHz  144 MHz ......
In the Memory mode, press this button momentarily to activate the “Memory
Tune” function.
12
MICROPHONE
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
[P2] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [V/M(MW)] key.
Press this button momentarily to switch the frequency control among the VFO,
Memory System, and Home channel.
Press and hold in this button for 1/2 second to transfer the VFO contents into a
Memory register.
[P3] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [TONE(REV)] key.
Press this button momentarily to change the Tone Squelch mode: ENC (CTCSS
Encoder), ENC.DEC (CTCSS Tone Squelch), or DCS (DCS) operation.
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency (i.e. “Repeater”) operation.
[P4] button:
This button replicates the functions of the front panel [LOW(ACC)] key.
Press this button momentarily to select the transmitter power output level
(“LOW”,“MID2”, “MID1”, or “HIGH”).
Press and hold in this key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
You can program the [P1], [P2], [P3], and [P4] buttons for other functions, if desired.
r LAMP Switch
This switch illuminates the Microphone’s keypad.
t LOCK Switch
This switch locks out the Microphone’s buttons (except for the keypad and PTT
switch).
y [UP]/[DWN] Button
Press (or hold in) either of these buttons to tune (or scan up or down) the operating
frequency or through the memory channels. In many ways, these buttons emulate the
function of the (rotary) DIAL knob.
13
BASIC OPERATION
TURNING THE TRANSCEIVER ON AND OFF
1. To turn the transceiver on, press and hold in the
PWR ( ) switch for 1/2 second.
When you turn on the transceiver, the current DC
supply voltage is indicated on the LCD for 2 seconds. After this interval, the display will switch its
normal indication of the operating frequency.
2. To turn the transceiver off, again press and hold in
the PWR ( ) switch for 1/2 second.
ADJUSTING THE AUDIO VOLUME LEVEL AND SQUELCH SETTING
At first, set the SQL knob fully counter-clockwise.
Now, you may rotate the VOL knob clockwise to adjust the receiver volume for a comfortable listening
level, using the background noise as a reference.
To set the squelch, turn the SQL knob clockwise a
slightly past the point where the background noise is
muted. This is the point of best sensitivity to weak
signals, and we recommend that you not rotate the SQL knob very much past the point
where the background noise is just silenced.
A special “RF Squelch” feature is provided on this radio. This feature allows you to set
the squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch.
SELECTING THE OPERATING BAND
Press the [BAND(SET)] key to move the operating
band:
144 MHz  250 MHz  350 MHz 
430 MHz  850 MHz  144 MHz ......
You may select the operating band by pressing
the microphone’s [P1] key.
BASIC OPERATION
1) Tuning Dial
FREQUENCY NAVAGATION
Rotating the DIAL knob allows tuning in the pre-programmed steps established for the
VFO frequency. Clockwise rotation of the DIAL knob causes the transceiver to be tuned
toward a higher frequency, while counter-clockwise
rotation will lower the operating frequency.
Press the [MHz(PRI)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob, to change the frequency steps to 1
MHz per step. This feature is extremely useful for
making rapid frequency excursions over the wide tuning range of the transceiver.
2) Direct Keypad Frequency Entry
The keypad of the MH-RM50 DTMF Microphone may be used for direct entry of the operating frequency.
To enter a frequency from the MH-RM50 keypad, just press the numbered digits in the
proper sequence. There is no “Decimal point” key on the MH-RM50 keypad.
Examples: To enter 146.480 MHz, press [1]  [4]  [6]  [4]  [8]  [0]
To enter 433.000 MHz, press [4]  [3]  [3]  [0]  [0]  [0]
3) Scanning
From the VFO mode, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the bandwidth for the VFO scanner. Now, press the [SCAN(SEL)]
key momentarily to initiate scanning toward a higher frequency. The transceiver will stop
when it receives a signal strong enough to break through the squelch threshold. The transceiver will then hold on that frequency according to the setting of the “Resume” mode
(Menu #37 (SCAN).
If you wish to reverse the direction of the scan (i.e. toward a lower frequency, instead of a
higher frequency), just rotate the DIAL knob one click in the counter-clockwise direction
while the transceiver is scanning. The scanning direction will be reversed. To revert to
scanning toward a higher frequency once more, rotate the DIAL knob one click clockwise.
Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key (or the PTT key) again to stop scanning.
You may also initiate the scanner by pressing and holding in the microphone’s
[UP] or [DWN] key. However, in this case, the scanner will sweep frequencies
only on the current band. If you would like the scanner not to be restricted to the current band, you may change Menu #46 (VFO.BND) to allow the scanner to hop to the
low edge of the next-highest band when the VFO frequency reaches the high end of the
current band (or vice- versa).
14
15
BASIC OPERATION
TRANSMISSION
To transmit, simply close the PTT (Push To Talk)
switch on the microphone when the frequency is clear.
Hold the microphone approximately 25 mm (1”) from
your mouth, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice level. When your transmission is complete,
release the PTT switch; the transceiver will revert to
the receive mode.
When the RF power amplifier heat sink rises to a factory preset temperature, the
transmit power level will be reduced to the “LOW” setting automatically to prevent over-heating of the radio. If you leave transmit in this condition (even in the
“LOW” mode) for an extended period of time, the radio will be forced to return to the
receive mode.
ADVANCED OPERATION
LOCK FEATURE
In order to prevent accidental frequency change or inadvertent transmission, the transceiver panel switches, microphone switches (except the PTT switch), and DIAL knob
may be locked out.
To activate the lock feature, press and hold in the [
(L)] key for 1/2 second. The “ ” icon will appear on
the LCD.
To disable the lock feature, press and hold in the [
(L)] key for 1/2 second again.
You may change the lockout combinations by
Menu #21 (LOCK).
Changing the Transmitter Power Level
You can select from among a total of four transmit power levels on your transceiver.
To change the power level, press the [LOW(ACC)]
keyto select one of four power settings. These power
levels will be stored, in memory registers, at the time
of memory storage.
During transmission, the Bar Graph will deflect in the
display, according to the power output selected.
“LOW” POWER (5 W)
KEYBOARD BEEPER
A key/button beeper provides useful audible feedback whenever a key/button is pressed.
If you want to turn the beep off:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #5 (BEEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the setting to “OFF.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. To turn the beep back on again, select “KEY” or “KEY+SC (default)” in step 3 above.
The beeper sounds when you press any key.
KEY:
KEY+SC: The beeper sounds when you press a key, or when the scanner stops.
“MID 2” POWER (10 W)
“MID 1” POWER (20 W)
“HIGH” POWER (50 W: 144 MHZ, 45 W: 430 MHZ)
16
17
ADVANCED OPERATION
DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS
The transceiver display illumination has been specially engineered to provide high visibility with minimal disruption of your “night vision” while you are driving. The brightness
of the display is manually adjustable, using the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #11 (DIMMER).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select a comfortable brightness
level: DIM 1, DIM 2, DIM 3, or DIM.OFF (no illumination).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
RF SQUELCH
A special “RF Squelch” feature is provided on this radio. This feature allows you to set
the squelch so that only signals exceeding a certain S-meter level will open the squelch.
To set up the RF Squelch circuit for operation, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #32 (RF SQL).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired signal strength
level for the squelch threshold (OFF, S-2, S-3, S-4,
S-5, S-6, S-7, S-8, S-9, or S-FULL).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
5. Finally, rotate the SQL knob fully clockwise.
ADVANCED OPERATION
CHANNEL STEP SELECTION
The transceiver’s synthesizer provides the option of utilizing channel steps of 5/10/12.5/
15/20/25/50/100 kHz per step, as well as an automatic step selection based on the current
operating frequency (“AUTO”), any number of which may be important to your operating
requirements. The transceiver is set up at the factory in the “AUTO” configuration, which
probably is satisfactory for most operation. However, if you need to change the channel
step increments, the procedure to do so is very easy; remember to get set up on the desired band before making any changes, as different steps may be programmed for each
operating band.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #43 (STEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the new channel step size.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5 kHz and 15 kHz steps are not available for use on above 700 MHz.
RECEIVING MODE SELECTION
The transceiver provides for automatic mode change when the radio is tuned to different
operating frequencies. However, should an unusual receiving situation arise in which you
need to change to other receiving mode, the procedure to do so is very easy.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #35 (RX MOD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired receiving mode.
AUTO: Automatic mode setting per default values
for the selected frequency range
Frequency Modulation (Narrow FM)
FM:
Amplitude Modulation
AM:
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Unless you have a compelling reason to do so, leave the Automatic Mode Selection feature on so as to save time and trouble when changing bands. If you
make a mode change for a particular channel or station, you can always store that one
channel into memory, as the mode setting will be memorized along with the frequency
information.
18
19
REPEATER OPERATION
Repeater stations, usually located on mountaintops or other high locations, provide a dramatic extension of the communication range for low-powered hand-held or mobile transceivers. The transceiver includes a number of features which make repeater operation
simple and enjoyable.
Your transceiver has been configured, at the factory, for the repeater shifts customary in
your country.
Depending on the part of the band in which you are operating, the repeater shift may be
either downward (–) or upward (+), and one of these icons will appear at the top of the
LCD when repeater shifts have been enabled.
AUTOMATIC REPEATER SHIFT(ARS)
The transceiver provides a convenient Automatic Repeater Shift feature, which causes the
appropriate repeater shift to be automatically applied whenever you tune into the designated repeater sub-bands in your country. These sub-bands are shown below.
If the ARS feature does not appear to be working, you may have accidentally disabled it.
To re-enable ARS:
20
146.0
2-m
Version A
146.4
147.0
146.6
145.6 145.8
147.6
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #33 (RPT.
MOD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired shift among
“RPT.–”,“RPT.+”, and “RPT.OFF.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
Changing the Default Repeater Shifts
If you travel to a different region, you may need to change the default repeater shift so as
to ensure compatibility with local operating requirements.
To do this, follow the procedure below:
If you just have one “odd” split that you need to program, don’t change the “default” repeated shifts using this Menu Item! Enter the transmit and receive frequencies separately.
ARS-Repeater Subbands
145.5
If the ARS feature has been disabled, or if you need to set a repeater shift direction other
than that established by the ARS, you may set the direction of the repeater shift manually.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #39 (SHIFT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the new repeater shift magnitude. The shift must be a multiple of 50 kHz.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #4 (ARS).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the setting to “ON” (to enable Automatic Repeater Shift).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
145.1
MANUAL REPEATER SHIFT ACTIVATION
To do this:
REPEATER SHIFTS
With repeater shift activated, you can temporarily reverse the transmit and receive
frequencies by pressing and holding in the
[TONE(HM/RV)] key for 1/2 second. Use
this feature to display the transmit frequency without transmitting, and to check the
strength of signals on a repeater uplink frequency (so as to determine whether of not a
particular station is within “Simplex” range,
for example).
REPEATER OPERATION
148.0
147.4
European Version
70-cm
440.0
Version A
438.20
433.00
433.40
439.45
445.0
450.0
Euro Version 1
Euro Version 2
21
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
Many repeater systems require that a very-low-frequency audio tone be superimposed
on your FM carrier in order to activate the repeater. This helps prevent false activation of
the repeater by radar or spurious signals from other transmitters. This tone system, called
“CTCSS” (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System), is included in your transceiver, and
is very easy to activate.
CTCSS setup involves two actions: setting the Tone Mode and then setting of the
Tone Frequency. These actions are set up by using the [TONE(REV)] key and
Set mode #44 (TN FRQ).
1. Press the [TONE(REV)] key several times, so that
“ENC” appears on the display; this activates the
CTCSS Encoder, which allows repeater access.
1) You may notice an additional “DCS” icon appearing while you press the
[TONE(REV)] key in this step. We’ll discuss the Digital Code Squelch system
shortly.
2) You may notice the “REV TN” indication on the display; this means that the Reverse Tone Squelch system is active, which mutes your transceiver’s receiver when it
receives a call from the radio sending a matched CTCSS tone. The “DEC” icon will
blink on the display when the Reverse Tone Squelch system is activated.
2. Pressing the [TONE(REV)] key once more in above step will cause “ENC DEC” to
appear. When “ENC DEC” appears, this means that the Tone Squelch system is active,
which mutes your transceiver’s receiver until it receives a call from another radio sending out a matching
CTCSS tone. This can help keep your radio quiet until
a specific call is received, which may be helpful while operating in congested areas.
3. When you have made your selection of the CTCSS
tone mode, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode, then rotate the
DIAL knob to select Menu #44 (TN FRQ). This Menu selection allows setting of the
CTCSS tone frequency to be used.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentariCTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
ly to enable adjustment of the CTCSS fre67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
quency.
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
5. Rotate the
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
DIAL knob
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
until the
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
display indicates the Tone Frequency you 189.9 192.8 196.6 199.5 203.5 206.5
need to be using.
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
–
–
–
–
6. When you have made your selection, press 250.3 254.1
22
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new
setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Your repeater may or may not re-transmit a CTCSS tone - some systems just use
CTCSS to control access to the repeater, but don’t pass it along when transmitting. If the S-Meter deflects, but the transceiver is not passing audio, press the
[TONE(REV)] key so that “ENC” appears - this will allow you to hear all traffic on the
channel being received.
DCS OPERATION
Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
advanced tone system which generally provides more immunity from false paging than
does CTCSS. The DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your transceiver, and operation is
very similar to that just described for CTCSS. Your repeater system may be configured
for DCS;if not, it is frequently quite useful in Simplex operation if your friend(s) use
transceivers equipped with this advanced feature.
Just as in CTCSS operation, DCS requires that you set the Tone Mode to DCS
and that you select a Tone Code.
1. Press the [TONE(REV)] key until “DCS” appears on
the display; this activates the DCS Encoder/Decoder.
2. Now, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2
second to enter the Set mode, then rotate the DIAL
knob to select Menu #9 (DCS.COD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to enable
the adjustment of the DCS code.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired DCS Code
(a three-digit number).
5. When you have made your selection,
press the [BAND(SET)] key momentari- 023 025 026
ly to save the new setting, then press and 054 065 071
hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 125 131 132
165 172 174
second to exit to normal operation.
Remember that the DCS is an Encode/Decode
system, so your receiver will remain muted
until a matching DCS code is received on an
incoming transmission. Switch the DCS off
when you’re just tuning around the band!
DCS CODE
031 032 036 043 047 051 053
072 073 074 114 115 116 122
134 143 145 152 155 156 162
205 212 223 225 226 243 244
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
–
–
–
–
–
–
23
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
TONE SEARCH SCANNING
In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS or DCS tone being used by another station or stations, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and
scan in search of the tone being used. Two things must be remembered in this regard:
€€ You must be sure that your repeater uses the same tone type (CTCSS vs. DCS).
€€ Some repeaters do not pass the CTCSS tone; you may have to listen to the station(s)
transmitting on the repeater uplink (input) frequency in order to allow Tone Search
Scanning to work.
To scan for the tone in use:
1. Set the radio up for either CTCSS or DCS Decoder operation (see the previous discussion). In the case of CTCSS, “ENC DEC” will appear on the display; in the case of
DCS, “DCS” will appear on the display.
2. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #44 (TN FRQ)
when CTCSS is selected, or Menu #9 (DCS.COD)
during DCS operation.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key to enable adjustment of
the selected Menu Item.
5. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily to start
scanning for the incoming CTCSS or DCS tone/code.
6. When the radio detects the correct tone or code, it
will halt on that tone/code, and audio will be allowed
to pass. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily
to lock in that tone/code, then press and hold in the
[BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the new
setting and exit to normal operation.
CTCSS/DCS OPERATION
SPLIT TONE OPERATION
The transceiver can be operated in a Split Tone configuration via the Set mode.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #41 (SPLIT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select “ON” (to enable the Split
Tone feature).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
When the Split Tone feature is activated, you can see the following additional parameters
after the “DCS” parameter while selecting the Tone Mode by pressing the [TONE(REV)]
key:
D: DCS Encode only (the “DCS” icon will blink during operation)
ENC DCS: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code (the “DCS” and
“ENC” icons will appear during operation)
D-DEC: Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone (the “DCS” icon will
blink and the “DEC” icon will appear during operation)
Select the desired operating mode, from the selections shown above.
If the Tone Scan feature does not detect a tone or code, it will continue to scan
indefinitely. When this happens, it may be that the other station is not sending
any tone. You can press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to halt the scan at any time.
Tone Scanning works either in the VFO or Memory modes.
24
25
MEMORY OPERATION
The transceiver provides a wide variety of memory system resources. These include:
ˆˆ “Regular” Memory Channels, which includes:
€€ 1000 “Standard” memory channels, numbered “000” through “999.”
€€ 5 Home channels, providing storage and quick recall of one prime frequency on
each operating band.
€€ 50 sets of band-edge memories also known as “Programmable Memory Scan”
channels, labeled “L1/U1” through “L50/U50.”
€€ 20 Memory Banks, labeled “BANK1 ” through “BANK20.” Each Memory Bank
can be assigned from the “Standard” Memory Channels.
ˆˆ 5 “Hyper-Memory” Channels
ˆˆ 10 “Weather Broadcast” Channels
26
850 MHz Band
144 MHz Band
L49/U49
L50/U50
HOME Channels
(5 channels)
Weather Broadcast Channels
WX10
WX7
WX8
WX9
WX4
WX5
WX6
(10 channels)
WX2
WX3
1-HP
2-HP
3-HP
4-HP
5-HP
(5 channels)
WX1
Hyper Memory Channels
L1/U1
L2/U2
L3/U3
000
998
999
001
002
003
PMS Memory Channels
(50 Sets)
250 MHz Band
350 MHz Band
430 MHz Band
Regular Memory Channels
Standard Memory Channels
(1000 channels)
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Storage
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure set up any desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may be also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second.
A memory number will appear (blinking) on the display.
3. Within ten seconds of pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, use the DIAL knob or the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] buttons to select the desired memory channel for storage (if the
channel is already occupied by data stored previously, the “channel frequency” notation will appear on the display).
4. To attach an alpha/numeric name “Tag” to the memory, press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second, then proceed to the next step; otherwise press the
[V/M(MW)] key momentarily to save the entry and exit to normal operation.
To Append an Alpha-numeric “Tag” to a Memory
1. After pressing and holding in the [V/M(MW)] key in
step 4 above, rotate the DIAL knob to select the first
character in the name you wish to store, the press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next character. Letters, numbers,
and symbols are available for storage.
2. Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired letter, number, or symbol, then press
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next character’s slot. If you
make a mistake, press the microphone’s [DWN] button to move back to the previous character’s slot, then
re-select the correct letter, number, or symbol.
3. Repeat the above step to program the remaining letters, numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total
of six characters may be used in the creation of a label.
4. When you have completed the creation of the label,
press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the label and exit to normal operation.
27
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Splits”)
1. Store the receiving frequency using the method already described.
2. Turn to the desired transmit frequency, then press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for
1/2 second.
3. Within ten seconds of pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, use the DIAL knob or microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] buttons to select the same memory channel number as used in
step 1 above.
4. Press and hold in the PTT switch, then pressing and holding the [V/M(MW)] key for
1/2 second while holding the PTT switch to save the entry and exit to normal operation. This will not cause transmission; instead, it signals the microprocessor that a
separate transmit frequency is being programmed into that memory register.
Whenever you recall a memory which contains independently-stored transmit and receive frequencies, the
“-+” indication will appear in the display.
If you set the CTCSS/DCS functions to the receiver frequency and transmit frequency individually, the “Odd Splits” feature can be memorize the frequency/code individually for
transmit and receive.
Whenever you recall a memory which contains independently-stored CTCSS/DCS functions, the decoder
icon will appear and the encoder icon will blink in the
display.
To confirm the memorized frequency/code:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #9 (DCS.
COD) when the receiver CTCSS/DCS function is
set to “DCS”, or select Menu #44 (TN FRQ) when
the receiver CTCSS/DCS function is set to “TONE
SQUELCH”.
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to display
: Receive TONE/DCS
the memorized frequency/code for the receiver.
: Transmit TONE/DCS
4. Press and hold in the [TONE(HM/RV)] key for 1/2
second to display the memorized frequency/code for
the transmitter. You can confirm the Transmit and Receive TONE/DCS by alternately press and holding of
the [TONE(HM/RV)] key.
5. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
28
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Recall
1. While operating in the VFO mode, press the [V/
M(MW)] key momentarily to enter the Memory
mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired channel. If you press the [MHz(PRI)] key
momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob, you’ll be able to scroll through the memory
channels at a rate of 10 channels per click of the DIAL.
3. When selecting a memory channel that has an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) appended,
press the microphone’s [B] key momentarily to switch the Memory Channel display
between the “Frequency” format and “Alpha-numeric
Tag” format.
4. To return to the VFO mode, press the [V/M(MW)] key
momentarily again.
When the radio is already set to the Memory mode, an easy way to recall memories is
to enter the microphone’s key in the memory channel number. For example, to recall
memory channel #4, press [0]  [0]  [4].
Memory Offset Tuning
Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you may easily tune off that channel, as though you were in the “VFO” mode.
1. With the transceiver in the “MR” (Memory Recall) mode, select the desired memory
channel.
2. Now press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily; the
” icon will appear on the display.
“
3. Rotate the DIAL knob, as desired, to tune to a new
frequency. The synthesizer steps selected for VFO operation on the current band will
be the steps used during Memory Tuning.
4. If you press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second during Memory Tuning, the data will now have been copied to VFO, although the original memory contents will remain intact on the previously-stored channel.
5. If you wish to return to the original memory frequency, press the [BAND(SET)] key
momentarily. The “
” icon will disappear.
29
MEMORY OPERATION
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Deleting Memories
With 1000 “Regular” memories available (except memory channel “1”), there frequently
are situations where you may desire to delete certain memorized frequencies. The procedure for deleting a channel is quite simple:
1. Press the [V/M(MW)] key, if needed, to enter the Memory mode.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select
the memory channel to be deleted. Note that memory channel “1” may not be deleted.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily. The display will revert to memory channel
“1.” If you rotate the DIAL knob to the location you just deleted, you will observe
that it is now invisible.
Note: Once deleted, the channel data cannot be recovered.
HOME Channel Memory
A special one-touch “HOME” channel
is available (one for each of the five operating bands), to allow quick recall of
a favorite operating frequency on each
band. HOME memory storage is simple
to accomplish:
DEFAULT HOME CHANNELS
FREQUENCY
USA VERSION EXP VERSION
144 MHz Ham Band 146.520 MHz 144.000 MHz
250 MHz Band
250.000 MHz 250.000 MHz
350 MHz Band
350.000 MHz 350.000 MHz
430 MHz Ham Band 446.000 MHz 430.000 MHz
850 MHz Band
850.000 MHz 850.000 MHz
5.
6.
7.
BAND
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure to set up any
desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key for one second. A memory number will appear
(blinking) on the display.
3. While the memory channel number is blinking, just press the [TONE(HM/RV)] key.
The frequency and other data (if any) will now be stored in the special HOME channel register.
4. You may repeat this process on the other operating bands.
5. To recall the HOME channel, just press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily while operating in the MR mode. From the VFO mode, press the
[V/M(MW)] key twice. While you are operating on the
Home channel. an “H” icon will appear on the display.
8.
wish to store, the press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to the next character. Letters,
numbers, and symbols are available for storage.
Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired letter, number, or symbol, then press the [BAND(SET)]
key momentarily to move on to the next character’s
slot. If you make a mistake, press the microphone’s [DWN] button to move back to
the previous character’s slot, then re-select the correct letter, number, or symbol.
Repeat the above step to program the remaining letters, numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total
of six characters may be used in the creation of a label.
When you have completed the creation of the label, press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the label, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily for 1/2 second to normal operation.
When recall the Home channel which is appended an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label),
press the microphone’s [B] key momentarily to switch
the Home channel display between the “Frequency”
format and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
Menu #16 (HM/REV) allows configuration of the way you can access the
“HOME” channel.
You may also append to an Alpha-numeric “Tag” to a Home channel:
1. Recall the HOME channel which you wish to append a label.
2. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #24 (NM WRT).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key twice, then rotate the
DIAL knob to select the first character in the name you
30
31
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
MEMORY OPERATION
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Bank Operation
Memory Bank Assignment
Memory Bank Recall
1) You may assign one memory channel into several Memory Banks.
2) The PMS memory channels (L1/U1 through L50/U50) may not be assigned
to a Memory Bank.
Deleting a Memory Channel from a Memory Bank
1. Recall the memory channel to be assigned to a Memory Bank. Memory channels L1 /
U1~L50/U50 (band/scanning limit memories) may not be assigned to a Memory
Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory
Bank you want as the Memory Bank for this channel
(“BANK1” ~ “BANK20” ).
Memory Bank “1”
Memory Channel
144 MHz Amateur Band Channels
CH 000 145.000 MHz
3. Press and hold in the [V/M(MW)] key CH
001 145.500 MHz
CH 002 435.000 MHz
Memory Bank “2”
CH 003 435.500 MHz
430 MHz Amateur Band Channels
for 1/2 second to lock in the selected CH
004 145.800 MHz
CH 005 436.000 MHz
Memory Bank “3”
CH
006
128.800
MHz
Memory Bank, then press the [V/
All Amateur Band Channels
M(MW)] key momentarily to copy the
Memory Bank “4”
Club Channels
memory channel data into the Memo- CH 997 145.620 MHz
CH 998 436.780 MHz
Memory Bank “5”
ry Bank.
CH 999 128.600 MHz
Air Band Channels
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory
Bank (“BANK 1 ” ~ “BANK20”).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the selected Memory Bank.
4. In the Memory Bank mode of operation, you can only select memory channels within
the current Memory Bank.
5. To change the Memory Bank to another Bank, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)]
key for 1/2 second; now rotate the DIAL knob to select the new Memory Bank, then
press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the new Memory Bank.
6. To exit from Memory Bank operation, press and hold
in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select “NOBANK;” now press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
1. In the Memory Bank mode, recall the memory channel to be deleted from the Memory Bank.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then press and hold in the
[V/M(MW)] key for 1/2 second. The channel will now be deleted from the Memory
Bank, but the memory register itself will still be available in the non-Bank mode.
Memory Only Mode
Once memory channel programming has been completed, you may place the radio in a
“Memory Only” mode, whereby VFO operation is impossible. This may be particularly
useful during public-service events where a number of operators may be using the radio
for first time, and ultimate simplicity of channel selection is desired.
To place the radio into the Memory Only mode:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key while turning the radio on.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the (F-6 M-ONLY)
option, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second.
To return to normal operation, repeat the above steps.
32
33
MEMORY OPERATION
HYPER MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
The transceiver usually stores, into memory, the operating frequency and some aspects of
operating status (such as VFO scan, CTCSS/DCS data, repeater shift, power level etc.).
However, the “Hyper Memory” Mode allows you to store the total current configuration
of the radio into a special “Hyper” memory bank.
Hyper Memory Storage
1. Set up the transceiver according to the desired
configuration.
2. Press and hold in, for two seconds, the Hyper
Memory key ([1] through [5]), corresponding to
the Hyper Memory channel into which you wish to
store this configuration.
Hyper Memory Recall
Press the appropriate Hyper Memory key ([1] through
[5]) to recall the desired Hyper Memory channel.
On Hyper Memory Channels “2” through
“5”, the current (original) configuration will
lost when you recall any other Hyper Memory Channel.To prevent this from happening, press and hold
in the (current) Hyper Memory key to store the current configuration into that Hyper
Memory Channel before recalling anothe Hyper Memory Channel, or set Menu #17
(HYPER) to enable the Automatic Writing feature for all Hyper Memories, including
Hyper Memory “1”.
34
MEMORY OPERATION
WEATHER BROARDCAST CHANNEL OPERATION
The VHF Weather Broadcast Station Memory Channel Bank has been pre-programmed at
the factory, for quick selection of NOAA weather information stations.
1. Press and hold in the [LOW(ACC)] key for 1/2 second to recall the Weather Broadcast Station Memory
Channel Bank.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired Weather Broadcast channel.
3. If you wish to scan this bank to search for CH FREQUENCY CH
louder stations, just press the PTT switch. 1 162.550 MHz 6
When the scanner pauses on a station, press the 2 165.400 MHz 7
3
162.475 MHz 8
PTT key once to halt the can, or press it twice
4
162.425 MHz 9
to restart the scan.
5
162.450 MHz 10
4. To exit to normal operation, press and hold in
the [LOW(ACC)] key for 1/2 second.
FREQUENCY
162.500 MHz
162.525 MHz
161.650 MHz
161.775 MHz
163.275 MHz
Severe Weather Alert
In the event of extreme weather disturbances, such as storms and hurricanes, the NOAA
(National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) sends a weather alert accompanied
by a 1050 Hz tone and subsequent weather report on one of the NOAA weather channels.
35
SCANNING
The transceiver allows you to scan just the memory channels, the entire operating band,
or a portion of that band. It will halt on signals encountered, so you can talk to the station(s) on that frequency, if you like.
Scanning operation is basically the same in each of the above modes. Before you begin,
take a moment to select the way in which you would like the scanner to resume scanning
after it halts on a signal.
Setting the Scan-Resume Technique
Three options for the Scan-Resume mode are available:
BUSY: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. Two seconds after
the carrier has dropped because the other station(s) ceased transmission, the scanner will resume.
TIME:In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters, and will hold there
for five seconds. If you do not take action to disable the scanner within five seconds, the scanner will resume even if the stations are still active.
HOLD: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. It will not restart automatically; rotate the DIAL knob to re-initiate scanning if you wish to resume.
To set the Scan-Resume mode:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #37 (SCAN).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired scan-resume
mode.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Note: The default condition for this Menu Item is “BUSY.”
36
VFO SCANNING
SCANNING
This mode allows you to scan the entire current operating band.
1. Select the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2
second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the bandwidth for the VFO scanner. Available selections are
±1 MHz, ±2 MHz, ±5 MHz, ALL, PMS-X, and BAND.
ALL: The scanner will sweep all frequencies between 108 - 520 MHz and 700
-999.990 MHz.
PMS-X: The scanner will sweep frequencies within the currently-selected PMS frequency pair (X is PMS memory channel number).
BAND: The scanner will sweep frequencies only on the current band.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily to start scanning.
4. The “P-XX” indication will appear on the display if
you engage PMS scanning, while the “P SC” indication will appear on the display when other scanning
modes are engaged.
5. If and when the scanner encounters a signal strong enough to open the squelch, the
scanner will halt temporarily; the decimal point of the frequency display will blink
during this “Pause” condition.
6. The scanner will then resume according to the Scan-Resume mode selected in the previous section.
7. To cancel scanning, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily again (or press the microphone’s PTT key).
1) When you start scanning, the transceiver will be changing frequency in the
upward direction. If you want to change direction of the scan while it is underway, rotate the DIAL knob one click in the opposite direction (in this case, one click
counterclockwise). You’ll see the scanner turn around and change frequency downward!
2) Pressing and holding in the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] key will cause the scanner to sweep frequencies only on the current band. If you would like the scanner not
to be restricted to the current band, you may change Menu #46 (VFO.BND) to allow
the scanner to hop to the low edge of the next-highest band when the VFO frequency
reaches the high end of the current band (or vice- versa).
37
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Memory scanning is similarly easy to initiate:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to initiate scanning.
3. As with VFO scanning, the scanner will halt on any signal encountered that is strong
enough to open the squelch; it will then resume scanning according to the Scan-Resume mode set previously.
4. To cancel scanning, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key again (or press the microphone’s
PTT key).
You may initiate the memory channel scan by pressing and holding in the microphone’s [UP] or [DWN] key.
How to Skip (Omit) a Channel During Memory Scan Operation
Some continuous-carrier stations like a Weather Broadcast station will seriously impede
scanner operation if you are using the “Carrier Drop” Scan-Resume mode, as the incoming signal will not pause long enough for the transceiver to resume scanning. Such channels may be “Skipped” during scanning, if you like:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set the radio to the Memory Mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Memory Channel to be skipped during scanning.
Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #40 (SKIP).
Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to “SKIP”. The current Memory
Channel will now be ignored during scanning. The
small “SKIP” icon will also appear when you recall the “Skipped” memory channel manually. The
“ONLY” selection is used for “Preferential Memory Scan”, described in the next column.
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
7. To re-institute a channel into the scanning loop, select “OFF” in step 5 above (the
“Skipped” channel will still be accessible via manual channel selection methods using
the DIAL knob in the MR mode, whether or not it is locked out of the scanning loop).
38
MEMORY SCANNING
SCANNING
Preferential Memory Scan
The transceiver also allows you to set up a “Preferential Scan List” of channels which you
can “flag” within the memory system. These channels are
designated by a “ ” icon when you have selected them,
one by one, for the Preferential Scan List.
When you initiate memory scanning, beginning on a channel with the “ ” icon appended,
only those channels bearing the “ ” icon will be scanned. If you initiate scanning on a
channel which does not have the “ ” icon appended, you will scan all channels including
those with the “ ” icon appended.
Here is the procedure for setting up and using the Preferential Scan List:
1. Press the [V/M(MW)] key momentarily to enter the Memory Recall mode, if you are
not using memories already.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the channel which you wish to add to the Preferential
Scan List.
3. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #40 (SKIP).
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ONLY”. The current channel is
listed on the “Preferential Scan List”.
6. When you have made your selections, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal
operation.
7. To remove a channel from the Preferential Scan List, select “OFF” in step 5 above.
To initiate Preferential Memory Scan:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #38 (SCN
MD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ONLY”.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. Now, press the [SCAN(SEL)] key momentarily to initiate Preferential Memory Scanning. Only the channels which have the “ ” icon appended to the channel number
will be scanned.
6. To cancel Preferential Memory Scanning, select “MEM” in step 3 above.
39
SCANNING
Memory Bank Scan
MEMORY SCANNING
When the Memory Bank feature is engaged, the scanner sweeps only memory channels in
the current Memory Bank. However, if the Memory Bank Link Scan feature is enabled,
you may sweep the memory channels in several Memory Banks which you have selected.
To enable the Memory Bank Link Scan feature:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2
second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the first
Memory Bank (“BANK 1 ” ~ “BANK20”) you wish
to sweep using Memory Bank Link Scan.
3. Press the [SCAN(SEL) key momentarily. The current
Memory Bank will now be swept during Memory Bank
Scan. A “decimal point” will be appended on the Memory Bank number indication.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 above, to append the “decimal point” to any other Memory
Banks you wish to sweep.
5. Now, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL) key for 1/2 second to initiate scanning.
6. To remove a Memory Bank from the Memory Bank Link Scan, repeat step 2 and 3
above, to delete the “decimal point” from the Memory Bank number indication.
Weather Alert Scan
This feature allows you to check a Weather Broadcast Memory Channel while operating
on a VFO scan or Memory channel scan.
SCANNING
PROGRAMMABLE (BAND LIMIT) MEMORY SCAN (PMS)
This feature allows you to set sub-band limits for either scanning or manual VFO operation. For example, you might with to set up a limit (in North America) of 144.300 MHz to
148.000 MHz so as to prevent encroachment into the SSB/CW “Weak Signal” portion of
the band below 144.300 MHz. Here’s how to do this:
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Using the techniques learned earlier, store 144.300 MHz into Memory Channel #L1
(the “L” designates the Lower sub-band limit).
3. Likewise, store 146.000 MHz into Memory Channel #U1 (the “U” designates the Upper sub-band limit).
4. Press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired
PMS frequency pair (PMSxx).
5. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to start scanning within
the just-programmed range. The “VFO” label will be
replaced by “P-xx”. Tuning and scanning will now be
limited within the just-programmed range.
6. 50 pairs of Band Limit memories, labeled L1/U1 through L50/U50 are available.
You therefore can set upper and lower operation limits on a number of bands, if you
like.
7. To exit to normal operation, press and hold in the [SCAN(SEL)] key for 1/2 second.
When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the transceiver will check the Weather
Broadcast Memory Channels for activity every five seconds while operating on a VFO
scan or Memory channel scan.
To enable the Weather Alert Scan feature:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #48 (WX ALT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to “ALT.ON” (to enabling the Weather
Alert Scan feature).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
5. To disable the Weather Alert Scan feature, select “ALT.OFF” in step 3 above.
When the Weather Alert Scan feature is engaged, the Scan-Resume mode is
fixed to “TIME.”
40
41
SCANNING
“PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
The transceiver’s scanning features include a two-channel scanning capability which allows you to operate on a VFO, Memory channel, Home channel, or Weather Broadcast
Channel, while periodically checking a user-defined “Priority” Memory Channel for activity. If a station is received on the “Priority” Channel which is strong enough to open
the Squelch, the scanner will pause on that station in accordance with the Scan-Resume
mode set via Menu #37 (SCAN).
Here is the procedure for activating Priority Channel Dual Watch operation:
VFO Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the transceiver for operation on a VFO frequency.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the VFO Priority
mode. The display will remain on the VFO frequency,
but every five seconds the transceiver will check the
Priority Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the VFO Priority
mode and exit to regular VFO operation.
SCANNING
“PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
WX Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the transceiver for operation on a WX channel by pressing and holding in the [LOW(ACC)] key
for 1/2 second.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the WX Priority
mode. The display will remain on the WX channel frequency, but every five seconds
the transceiver will check the Priority Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the WX Priority mode
and exit to regular WX channel operation.
Memory Priority
1. Store the frequency you wish to be the “Priority” Channel into memory channel “1.”
2. Now set the transceiver for operation on another memory channel.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the Memory Priority
mode. The display will remain on the current memory
channel frequency, but every five seconds the transceiver will check the Priority Channel (memory channel “1” for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for one second to disable the Memory Priority
mode and exit to regular memory operation.
When the Memory Bank feature is activated, the transceiver will check the lowest memory channel in the Memory Bank as the priority channel.
HOME Priority
1. Recall the memory channel you wish to use as the “Priority” frequency.
2. Now set the transceiver for operation on a HOME channel.
3. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to activate the HOME Priority mode.
The display will remain on the HOME channel frequency, but every five seconds the transceiver will check the
Priority Channel (memory channel) for activity.
4. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key for 1/2 second to disable the HOME Priority
mode and exit to regular Home channel operation.
42
Priority Revert Mode
During Priority channel operation (Dual Watch), a special feature is available which
will allow you to move to the Priority channel instantly, without waiting for activity
to appear on the Priority channel.
When this feature is enabled, and Priority monitoring is engaged, just press the
microphone’s PTT switch; operation will instantly revert to the Priority channel.
To enable the Priority Revert operation:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #34
(PRI.RVT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob to change the setting to
“RVT.ON.”
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save
the new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to
exit to normal operation.
5. To disable Priority Revert operation, select “RVT.OFF ” in step 3 above.
43
SMART SEARCH
The Smart Search feature allows you to load frequencies automatically according to
where activity is encountered by your radio. When Smart Search is engaged, the transceiver will search above and below your current frequency, storing active frequencies as
it goes (without stopping on them even momentarily); these frequencies are stored into a
special Smart Search memory band, consisting of 31 memories (15 above the current frequency, 15 below the current frequency, plus the current frequency itself).
The Smart Search feature is especially useful when visiting a city for the first time, where
you may be unfamiliar with the repeater frequencies; Smart Search discovers where the
local activity is to be found, and automatically loads those frequencies for you.
Two basic operating modes for Smart Search are available:
SINGLE: In this mode, the transceiver will sweep the current band once in each direction
starting on the current frequency. All channels where activity is present will be
loaded into the Smart Search memories; whether or not all 31 memories are
filled,the search will stop after one sweep in each direction.
CONT: In this mode, the transceiver will make one pass in each direction as with OneShot searching;if all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep, however,
the radio will continue sweeping until they are all filled.
Activating the Smart Search
SMART SEARCH
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the [V/M(MW)] key, if necessary.
2. Press the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key momentarily to begin the Smart Search scanning.
3. As active channels are detected, you will observe the number of “loaded” channels increasing in the regular memory channel window.
4. Depending on the mode you set for Smart Search operation (“SINGLE” or “CONT”), the Smart Search
scan will eventually terminate, and the LCD will revert to Smart Search Memory Channel “C”.
5. To recall the Smart Search memories just stored, rotate the DIAL knob or press the
microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
6. If you find particular channels which you wish to store into “regular” memory channels, follow the memory storage procedures described on previous page.
7. To return to normal operation, just press the [V/M(MW)] key.
The Smart Search memories are so-called “soft” memories; they will lost if you
exit the Smart Search mode or initiate a new Smart Search sweep.
Setting the Smart Search Mode
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #36 (S SRCH).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired Smart Search
mode (see above).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
44
45
AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM (ARTS)
AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM (ARTS)
The ARTS feature uses DCS signaling to inform both parties when you and another ARTS
equipped station are within communications range. This may be particularly useful during
Search-and Rescue situations, where is important to stay in contact with other members
of your group.
ARTS Polling Time Options
Both stations must set up their DCS codes to the same code number, then activate their
ARTS feature using the command appropriate for their radio. Alert ringers may be activated, if desired.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #3 (AR INT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired polling interval (15
or 25 seconds).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Whenever you push the PTT switch, or every 25 seconds
after ARTS is activated, your radio will transmit a signal which includes a (subaudible) DCS signal for about
one second. If the other radio is in range, the beeper will
sound (if enabled) and the display will show “IN.RNG”
as opposed to the out of range display “OUT.RNG” in
which ARTS operation begins.
Whether you talk or not, the polling every 25 seconds will continue until you de-activate
ARTS. Every 10 minutes, moreover, you can have your radio transmit your callsign via
CW, so as to comply with identification requirements. When ARTS is de-activated, DCS
will also be deactivated (if you were not using it previously in non-ARTS operation).
If you move out of range for more than one minute (two pollings), your radio will sense
that no signal has been received, three beeps will sound, and the display will revert to
“OUT.RNG”. If you move back into range, your radio will again beep, and the display
will change back to the “IN.RNG” indication.
During ARTS operation, it is not possible to change the operating frequency or other
settings; you must terminate ARTS in order to resume normal operation. This is a safety
feature designed to prevent accidental loss of contact due to channel change, etc. Here is
how to activate ARTS:
Basic ARTS Setup and Operation
1. Set your radio and the other radio(s) to the same DCS code number, per the discussion
on previous.
2. Press and hold in the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key for 1/2
second. You will observe the “OUT.RNG” display on
the LCD. ARTS operation has now commenced.
3. Every 25 seconds, your radio will transmit a “polling” call to the other station. When that
station responds with its own ARTS polling signal, the
display will change to “IN.RNG” to confirm that the other
station’s polling code was received in response to yours.
4. Press and hold in the [S.SCH(ARTS)] key for 1/2 second to exit ARTS operation and
resume normal operation of the transceiver.
46
The ARTS feature may be programmed to poll every 25 seconds (default value) or 15
seconds. The default value provides maximum battery conservation, because the polling
signal is sent out less frequently. To change the polling interval:
ARTS Alert Beep Option
The ARTS feature allows two kinds of alert beeps (with the additional option of turning
them off), so as to alert you to the current status of ARTS operation. Depending on your
location and the potential annoyance associated with frequent beeps, you may choose the
Beep mode which best suits your needs. The choices are:
INRANG: The beeps are issued only when the radio first confirms that you are within
range,but does not re-confirm with beeps thereafter.
ALWAYS: Every time a polling transmission is received from the other station, the alert
beeps will be heard.
OFF: No alert beeps will be heard; you must look at the display to confirm current
ARTS status.
To set the ARTS Beep mode, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for one second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #2 (AR BEP).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired ARTS Beep mode
(see above).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
47
AUTO RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM (ARTS)
CW Identifier Setup
NOTE
The ARTS feature includes a CW identifier, as discussed previously. Every ten minutes
during ARTS operation, the radio can be instructed to send “DE (your callsign) K” if this
feature is enabled. The callsign field may contain up to 6 characters.
Here’s how to program the CW Identifier:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #8 (CW
WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily again to
enable entry of your callsign.
5. Rotate the DIAL knob one click clockwise to begin
entry of the letters and numbers in your callsign.
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to set the
first letter or number in your callsign.
7. When the correct character has been selected, press
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to move on to
the next character.
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 as many times as necessary to
complete your callsign.
9. Press the [SCAN(SEL)] key to delete all data after
the cursor that may have been previously stored (erroneously).
10.When you have entered your entire callsign, press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second to confirm the callsign, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key
for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
11.Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode again, then rotate the DIAL
knob to select Menu #7 (CWID).
12.Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select “TX ON” (to enable the CW
identifier).
13.Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
48
49
DTMF AUTODIALER OPERATION
Sixteen DTMF Autodialer memories are available on the transceiver. These DTMF Autodialer memories can store up to 16 digits of a telephone number for repeater autopatch or
other uses.
To load DTMF Autodialer memories, use following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #14 (DT
WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the DTMF Autodialer memory channel number (“d-1” through “d-16”) into which
you wish store a telephone number.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the first digit of the telephone
number you wish to store.
5. When you have selected the correct digit, press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily. Now, rotate the
DIAL knob to select the second of the 16 available
numbers in this current DTMF Audodialer memory register.
6. Repeat this procedure for each digit in the telephone number. Press the [SCAN(SEL)]
key momentarily to delete any previously-stored data
after the cursor. If you make a mistake, press the microphone’s [DWN] key to move back to the first digit,
then re-enter the correct number.
7. When entry of all digits is complete, press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the new
setting.
8. If you wish to store another DTMF string, rotate the
DIAL knob to select another DTMF memory register,
then repeat steps 4 through 7 above.
9. When all required DTMF memories are filled to your satisfaction, press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
50
DTMF AUTODIALER OPERATION
To transmit the memorized telephone number, use the following procedure:
1. Press the PTT switch.
2. While still holding the PTT switch in, press the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] key
to select the DTMF Autodialer memory channel to be transmitted then press the
[BAND(SET)] key momentarily to transmit the tone string.
Once you have pressed the [BAND(SET)] key in the above step, you can release the PTT
switch, as the Autodialer will transmit the whole DTMF string automatically.
To speed at which the DTMF digits are sent can be changed. Three speed levels are available: 50 ms (High: 10 digits per second), 75 ms (Mid: 7 digits per second), and 100 ms
(Low: 5 digits per second).
To select the speed, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #13 (DT SPD).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired speed
(50/75/100ms).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
You can also set a longer delay between the time you press the [BAND(SET)] key (with
PTT switch pressed) and the first DTMF digit is sent.
To set a delay time, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #12 (DT DLY).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired time
(50/100/250/450/750/1000 ms).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
51
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
The transceiver can be used to access a repeater or base station which is configured to
provide access to the Vertex Standard WiRES™ (Wide-Coverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System) operating in the “SRG” (“Sister Radio Group”) mode.
1. Press the [
(L)] key momentarily to activate the
WiRES™ access capability. The “ ” icon will appear
on the display.
2. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #19 (INT CD).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the access number (CODE “0” ~ “9”, “A”, “B”, “C”, “D”, “E (*)”, or “F (#)”) corresponding to the WiRES™ repeater you wish to establish an
Internet link with (ask your repeater owner/operator if
you don’t know the access numbers of the network).
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the selected access number, then
press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
6. With the WiRES™ capability activated (as in step 1 above), the transceiver will
generate a brief (0.1 second) DTMF tone according to your selection in step 4. This
DTMF tone is sent at the beginning of every transmission to establish or maintain the
link to the remote WiRES™ repeater.
7. To disable the WiRESTM access capability, press the [ (L)] key again.
You may access other Internet Linking Systems (including WiRES™ in the “FRG” mode)
that use a DTMF string for access.
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #14 (DT WRT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then load
the DTMF tones which you wish to use to establish an
Internet link (ask your repeater owner/operator if you don’t know the access numbers in
the network) into the desired DTMF Memory channel.
1) Rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF Autodialer memory channel number (“d-1” through “d16”).
2) Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily.
3) Rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF code,
then press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily
to move the digit.
4) Repeat step (3) above to complete the DTMF string.
5) Press and hold the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to save the new setting, then press and hold
52
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
4. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode again, then rotate the DIAL
knob to select Menu #18 (I NET).
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to set this Item to “INT.MEM” (to
enable the alternative Internet Link, and disable the
WiRES™ SRG access option).
6. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
7. Press the [ ] key momentarily to activate the Internet Link System. The “ ” icon will then appear on
the display.
8. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
9. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #20 (INT MR).
10.Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the DTMF Autodialer
memory channel number (“d-1” through “d-16”) corresponding to the Internet link repeater you wish to
establish an Internet link with.
11.Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to lock in the selected access number, then
press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
12.With the Internet link feature activated (as in step 7 above), press the [
(L)] key
while you are transmitting, to send out the DTMF tones according to your selection in
step 10 (to establish the link to the Internet link repeater).
13.To disable the Internet link feature, press the [ (L)] key again.
To return to WiRESTM, recall Menu #18 (I NET) then set it to “INT.COD”.
53
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
TIME-OUT TIMER
The “Time-Out Timer” (TOT) feature is designed to force the transceiver into the “receive”
mode after a preset time period of continuous transmission (the default is 6 minutes). This
feature prevents your transceiver from transmitting a “dead carrier” for a long period of
time in the event that the microphone PTT switch is accidentally locked in the “TX” condition.
The Time-Out Timer’s “switch-to-receive” time may be adjusted, in one minute increments, for any period between 1 and 30 minutes.
To change the default (6 minute) time setting, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #45 (TOT).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the desired interval (between
1 and 30 minutes), or OFF. You will hear a beep,
while rotating the DIAL knob, as you pass the default
six minute selection.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
When the TOT Timer reaches 10 seconds before the TOT shut-down time, a ringer sounds
to alert you to the impending shut-down.
AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
When APO is activated, the “
” icon will appear on the LCD. If there is no action by
you within the time interval programmed, the “
” icon
blinks and a ringer sounds 3 minutes before the APO
shut-down time; three minutes thereafter, the microprocessor will shut down the radio automatically.
Just press and hold in the PWR ( ) switch for 1/2 second to turn the transceiver back on
after an APO shutdown, as usual.
MIC GAIN CONTROL
You can reduce the microphone input level when operating on tightly-clustered frequencies (channel spacing of 12.5 or 15 kHz). This will reduce the transmitter deviation, thus
minimizing interference to other users.
To configure for the narrower bandwidth, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #47 (WID.
NAR).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to change the display to “NARROW”.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)]
key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
To restore the normal (higher) microphone input level, select “WIDE” in step 3 above.
The “Automatic Power-Off” (APO) feature will turn the radio completely off after a userdefined period of PTT switch or key/button inactivity. If you do not press any front panel keys
or buttons, rotate the DIAL knobs or use the microphone’s keys and buttons, or transmit, and
so long as the transceiver is not scanning or engaged in priority monitoring, the radio will
shut itself off after the specified time period. This feature is useful in minimizing battery drain
in a mobile installation if you forget to turn the transceiver off when you leave your vehicle.
To activate the APO feature, use the following procedure:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #1 (APO).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to set the desired “switch-off” time
(between 0.5 and 12 hours in 0.5 hours increments),
or OFF (the default selection).
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the
new setting, then press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to
normal operation.
54
55
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
PROGRAMMING THE KEY ASSIGNMENTS
Default transceiver functions have been assigned to “alternate” (press and hold in) function of the front panel’s [LOW(ACC)] key, as well as the Microphone’s [P1]/[P2]/[P3]/
[P4] buttons’ functions (for the MH-RM50; [ACC]/[P]/[P1]/[P2] buttons for MH42B6JS) at the factory. These may be changed by the user, if you wish to utilize another
function on one of these keys.
To program the function assigned to a key:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be
configured (“#27 PRG PNL”, “#28 PRG P1 (PRG
ACC)”, “#29 PRG P2 (PRG P)”, “#30 PRG P3
(PRG P1)”, or “#31 PRG P4 (PRG P2)”).
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then rotate
the DIAL knob to select the function you wish to assign to the button you selected in the previous step.
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key to save the new setting, then rotate the knob to select
another programmable button to modify, if desired, and repeat the above steps.
5. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
PROGRAMMING THE KEY ASSIGNMENTS
For Menu #27 PRG PNL
Function
< WX >
< REV >
< RPTR >
< SQ.OF >
< LOCK >
< DIM >
For Menu #28 PRG P1 ( PRG ACC ) , #29 PRG P2 (PRG P) , #30 PRG P3 ( PRG P1) , #31 PRG P4 ( PRG P2)
Function
< SQ.OF >
< TCAL >
< SSCH >
< ARTS >
< TN.FQ >
< DCSC>
< WX >
< RPTR >
< PRI >
< LOW >
< TONE >
< MHz >
< REV >
< HOME >
< BAND >
< V/M
M>
< SCAN >
56
Press and hold the [LOW(ACC)] key
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Reverses the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency operation.
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals near the
background noise level.
Selects the Key locking schemes. (Short-cut to Menu #21: LOCK )
Sets the display Brightness.
Press the button
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals near
the background noise level.
Activates 1750 Hz Tone Burst.
Activate the Smart Search operation.
Activate the ARTSTM operation.
Select the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
(Short-cut to Menu #44: TN FRQ )
Select the DCS code.
(Short-cut to Menu #9: DCS.COD )
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Activates the Priority Channel Scanning
(Dual Watch).
Selects the transmit power output level.
Activates the CTCSS or DCS operation.
Allows tuning in 1-MHz step on the VFO
frequency.
Reverses the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency operation.
Recall the Home Channel.
Switches operating band.
Switches frequency control among the
VFO, Memory System, and Home channel.
Activate the Scanner.
Press and hold the button
Disable the noise squelch action, allowing you to hear very weak signals near
the background noise level.
Activates 1750 Hz Tone Burst.
Activate the ARTSTM operation.
–
–
–
–
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
–
Recall the Weather Broadcast Channels.
Reverses the transmit and receive frequencies during split-frequency (repeater) operation.
Activates the Priority Channel Scanning
(Dual Watch).
Selects Repeater Shift direction.
Switch the Memory Channel display between the “Frequency” format and “Alpha-numeric Tag” format.
Enter the Set (“Menu”) mode.
Transfer the VFO contents into a Memory
register.
Select the scan mode.
57
MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
DCS CODE INVERSION
The DCS system was first introduced in the commercial LMR (Land Mobile Radio)
service, where it is now in widespread use. DCS is sometime referred to by its different
proprietary names, such as DPL® (Digital Private Line®, a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.).
DCS uses a codeword consisting of a 23-bit frame, transmitted (subaudible) at a data rate
of 134.4 bps (bit/sec). Occasionally, signal inversion can result in the complement of a
code to be sent or received. This prevents the receiver’s squelch from opening with DCS
enabled, as the decoded bit sequence would not match that selected for operation.
Typical situations that might cause inversion to occur are:
€€ Connection of an external receiver preamplifier.
€€ Operating through a repeater.
€€ Connection of an external linear amplifier.
RESET PROCEDURE
In the event of erratic operation of the transceiver, it is possible that data on the microprocessor may have become corrupted. While this is a highly unusual situation, the only path
ro recovery may involve resetting of the microprocessor. Here’s how to do this:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key while turning the radio on.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the resetting menu:
F-1 SETRST: Resets the Set (Menu) mode settings to their factory defaults.
F-2 HYPRST: Clears the Hyper Memory settings to factory defaults.
F-3 MEMRST: Clears the Regular Memory settings to factory defaults.
F-4 MB RST: Clears the Memory Bank Assignment.
F-5 ALLRST: Clears all memories and other settings to factory defaults.
4. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to complete the reset procedure, once you have made your selection in step 3.
Note that code inversion does not mean that any of the above listed equipment is defective!
In certain amplifier configurations, the output signal (phase) is inverted from the input.
Small signal or power amplifiers having an odd number (1, 3, 5, etc.) of amplification
stagesmay result in inversion of a transmitted or received DCS code.
While under most circumstances this should not occur (amplifier designs and industry
standards take this into account), if you find that your receiver squelch does not open
when both you and the other station are using a common DCS code, you or the other station (but not both) can try the following:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. 2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select Menu #10 (DCS.
N/R).
3. 3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob to select the following mode.
T/RX N: Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Normal
Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Reverse (InRX R: verted)
Encoder; Reverse (Inverted), Decoder; Normal
TX R: T/RX R: Encoder; Reverse (Inverted), Decoder; Reverse (Inverted)
4. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold
in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
Remember to restore the default setting to “T/RX N” (Encoder; Normal, Decoder; Normal) when done.
58
59
CLONING
You can transfer all data stored in one transceiver to another transceiver by utilizing the
handy “Cloning” feature. This requires a user-constructed Cloning cable which connects
the DATA jacks on the two transceivers, as shown below.
To clone from one transceiver to another, use the following procedure:
1. Insert the Cloning Cable into the DATA jack of each transceiver.
2. Turn both transceivers off, then press and hold in the [MHz(PRI)] key on each radio
while turning the power on again.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob on each radio to select (F-7 CLONE), then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key. The display will disappear for
a moment, then the “CLONE” notation will appear on
the display.
4. On the “destination” radio, press the [LOW(ACC)]
key.The “-- RX --” indicator will appear on the display.
5. Now, on the “Source” radio, press the [V/M(MW)]
key.The “-- TX --” indicator will appear on the display, and the cloning data transfer will immediately
begin.
6. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “ERROR” will be displayed. Check your cable connections, and try again.
7. If cloning was successful, “CLONE” will reappear on both displays.
8. Turn both transceivers off, then remove the Cloning Cable. Channel and operating
data for both radios are now identical. They both may be turned on now for normal
operation.
MENU (“SET”) MODE
The transceiver Set (Menu) mode, already described in parts of many previous chapters,
is easy to activate and set. It may be used for configuration of a wide variety of transceiver parameters, some of which have not been detailed previously. Use the following procedure to activate the Set (Menu) mode:
1. Press and hold in the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item to be
adjusted.
3. Press the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to enable
adjustment of the selected Menu item, then rotate the
DIAL knob to perform the actual adjustment.
4. After completing your selection and adjustment, press
the [BAND(SET)] key momentarily to save the new setting, then press and hold in
the [BAND(SET)] key for 1/2 second to exit to normal operation.
You may see the small letters “HYP” or “E CH” at the upper left-hand corner in
the display while adjusting certain Menu items. These denote special characteristics of these particular Menu items:
1) The “HYP” character indicates that each Hyper Memory may have distinct parameters assigned to it pertaining to this Menu item;
2) The “E CH” character indicates that each Operating Mode (VFO, Memory Channel,or Home Channel) may have distinct parameters assigned to it pertaining to this
Menu item.
PKS
GND
60
61
MENU (“SET”) MODE
Item
#
Menu Item
Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
APO
AR BEP
AR INT
ARS
BEEP
CLK.SFT
CWID
CW WRT
DCS.COD
DCS.N/R
DIMMER
DT DLY
Selects the Automatic Power Off time (time before power goes off).
Selects the ARTS beep mode.
Selects the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature.
Enables/disables the beeper.
Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
Stores your callsign into the CW identifier.
Setting the DCS code.
Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding.
Setting of the Display brightness level.
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Delay Time.
13
14
15
DT SPD
DT WRT
EDG.BEP
16
HM/REV
Setting of the DTMF Autodialer Sending Speed.
Loading of the DTMF Autodialer Memories.
Enables/Disables the Band-edge beeper while selecting the frequency
by the DIAL knob.
Selects the alternate function of the [TONE(HM/RV)] key and primary function of the [V/M(MW)] key.
Enables/disables the Automatic Writing feature for the Hyper Memory.
Selects the Internet Connection mode.
Selects the Access Number (DTMF digit) for WIRESTM operation.
17
18
19
HYPER
I NET
INT CD
20
INT MR
21
LOCK
22
23
MIC
NAME
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
Selects the Access Number (DTMF code) for non-WIRESTM Internet
Link System access.
Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
“AUTO” MODE PRESENT OPERATING PARAMETERS
Available Values
(Default: Bold Itaric)
OFF/0.5 H ~ 12.0 H
INRANG/ALWAYS/OFF
25sec/15sec
ARS.ON/ARS.OFF ( )
KEY/KEY+SC/OFF
SFT.ON/SFT.OFF
TX ON/TX OFF
--104 DCS codes (023)
TRX N/RX R/TX R/TRX R
DIM 1/DIM 2/DIM 3/DIM.OFF
50MS/100MS/250MS/
450MS/750MS/1000MS
50MS/75MS/100MS
--BEP.ON/BEP.OFF
REV/HOME
MANUAL/1-AUTO/AUTO
INT.COD/INT.MEM
CODE 0 ~ 9/A/B/C/D/E/F
(CODE 1)
d- 1 ~ d16
LK KEY/LK DIAL/LK K+D/
LK PTT/LK P+K/LK P+D/
LK ALL
MH-48/MH-42
FREQ/ALPHA
FREQUENCY RANGE(MHz)
MODE
108.000-137.000
AM
STEP
25 KHz
137.000-160.600
FM
12.5 KHz
160.600-162.025
FM
25 KHz
162.025-174.000
FM
12.5 KHz
174.000-222.000
FM
50 KHz
222.000-300.000
FM
12.5 KHz
300.000-320.000
AM
25 KHz
320.000-420.000
FM
12.5 KHz
420.000-430.000
FM
12.5 KHz
430.000-440.000
FM
25 KHz
440.000-470.000
FM
12.5 KHz
470.000-520.000
FM
50 KHz
700.000-800.000
FM
50 KHz
800.000-999.990
FM
12.5 KHz
Celluar Blocked
Selects the microphone type to be used.
Toggle the display indication of the Memory/Home channel between
“frequency” and the channel’s “Alpha-numeric Tag.”
NM WRT
Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory/Home channels.
--PKT.MIC
Enables/disables the microphone input during Packet operation.
MIC.ON/MIC.OFF
PKT.SPD
Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
1200bps/9600bps
PRG.PNL
Programming the alternate (press and hold in) function of the front
WX/REV/RPTR/
[LOW(ACC)]
panel’s
key.
SQ.OF/LOCK/DIM
[P1]/[ACC]
PRG P1(ACC) Programming the microphone’s
button assignment.
SQ.OF/TCAL/SSCH/ARTS/WX/
PRG P2(P)
Programming the microphone’s [P2]/[P] button assignment.
TN.FQ/DCSC/RPTR/PRI/
PRG P3(P1)
Programming the microphone’s [P3]/[P1] button assignment.
LOW(#31)/TONE(#30)/MHz/REV/
PRG P4(P2)
Programming the microphone’s [P4]/[P2] button assignment.
HOME/BAND(#28)/V/M(#29)/SCAN
RF SQL
Adjust the RF SQL threshold level.
OFF/S-2 ~ 9/S-FULL
RPT.MOD
Sets the Repeater Shift Direction.
RPT.OFF/RPT.--/RPT.+ ( )
PRI.RVT
Enables/Disables the Priority Revert feature.
RVT.ON/RVT.OFF
RX MOD
Selects the Receiving mode.
AUTO/FM/AM
S SRCH
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
SINGLE/CONT
SCAN
Selects the Scan-Resume mode.
TIME/BUSY/HOLD
SCN MD
Selects the Memory Scan channel-selection mode.
MEM/ONLY
SHIFT
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
0.00 ~ 99.95 MHz ( )
SKIP
Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory Channel.
OFF/SKIP/ONLY
SPLIT
Enables/Disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
SPL.OFF/SPL.ON
SQL.TYP
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
OFF/ENC/ENCDEC/
REV TN/DCS
AUTO/5.0 k/10.0 k/12.5 k/
STEP
Sets the Synthesizer steps.
15.0 k/20.0 k/25.0 k/
50.0 k/100 k
TN FRQ
Sets the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
50 CTCSS Tones (100 Hz)
TOT
Sets the Time-Out Timer.
1 ~ 30 minutes or OFF
(6 minutes)
VFO.BND
Selects or disables the VFO band edge limiting for the current band.
BND.ON/BND.OFF
WID.NAR
Reducing the MIC Gain (and Deviation).
WIDE/NARROW
WX ALT
Enables/disables the Weather Alert Scan.
ALT.ON/ALT.OFF
: Depends on the band of operation.
62
63
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATION
RX
Frequency Range
TX
108.000-520.000 MHz
700.000-999.990 MHz
136.000-174.000 MHz
400.000-470.000 MHz
Channel Step
5/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100kHz
Modes of Emission
F3E, F2D, F2A
Antenna Impedance
50Ohms,unbalanced(Antenna Duplexer built-in)
Frequency Stability
±5 ppm (–10 °C ~ +60 °C)
Supply Voltage
13.8 VDC (±15 %), negative ground
Operating Temperature Range
–20 °C ~ +60 °C
Dimensions(W x H x D)
140× 42× 168mm(W/O Knobs)
Weight(Approx.)
1kg
TRANSMITTER
Output Power
50/20/10/5 W (144 MHz)
45/20/10/5 W (430 MHz)
Maximum Deviation
±5 kHz, ±2.5 kHz
Spurious Impedance
At least -60dB below
Microphone Impedance
2kΩ
RECEIVER
Circuit Type
Double-conversion superheterodyne
Intermidiate Frequencies
45.05 MHz/450 kHz
0.8 μV (TYP) for 10 dB SN (108 - 137 MHz, AM)
0.2 μV for 12 dB SINAD (137 - 150 MHz, FM)
0.25 μV for 12 dB SINAD (150 - 174 MHz, FM)
0.3 μV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (174 - 222 MHz, FM)
Sensitivity
0.25 μV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (222 - 300 MHz, FM)
0.8 μV (TYP) for 10 dB SN (300 - 336 MHz, AM)
0.25 μV for 12 dB SINAD (336 - 420 MHz, FM)
0.2 μV for 12 dB SINAD (420 - 520 MHz, FM)
0.4 μV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (800 - 900 MHz, FM)
0.8 μV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (900 - 999.99 MHz, FM)
Selectivity
12KHz/30KHz
Maximum AF Output
2 W @ 8 Ω for 10% THD
AF Output Impedance
4-16Ω
64
TROUBLE SHOOTING
The problems described in the following tables are commonly encountered operational
malfunctions. These types of difficulties are usually caused by improper hook-up, accidental incorrect control settings, or operator error due to incomplete programming. These
problems are usually not caused by circuit failure. Please review these tables and the appropriate section(s) of this instruction manualbefore assuming your transceiver is defective.
Problem
Probable Cause
Corrective Action
The transceiver will not
power up after connecting
a 13.8V DC power supply
and pressing the PWR key.
Nothing appears on the display
1. The power cable was connected backwards.
2. One or more of the power
cable fuses disconnect.
1. Connect the supplied DC power
cable correctly: Red- (+); Black
- (–).
2. Look for the cause of the blown
fuse(s). After inspecting and
correcting any problems,install
a new fuse(s) with the same
ratings (15A).
The display is too dim, even
though you selected a high
brightness level
The supply voltage is too low
The supply voltage requirement is
13.8 V DC ±15% (11.7 V to 15.8 V
DC).If the input voltage is outside
this range, adjust your regulated
power supply and/or check all
power cable connections
The frequency cannot be
selected by turning the DIAL
knob control or by pressing
Mic [UP]/[DWN].
Memory Recall was selected
Press [V/M] key to switch to the
VFO mode.
Memory Channels cannot
be selected by turning the
DIAL knob or by pressing
Mic [UP]/[DWN].
No data has been stored in
any Memory Channels.
Store data in some Memory Channels
Most of the keys on the MIC
don’t work.
The keypad is locked.
Unlock the keypad.
You cannot transmit even
though you press Mic [PTT].
1. The microphone plug was
not inserted completely
into the front panel connector.
2. You selected a transmit
o ff s e t t h a t p l a c e s t h e
transmit frequency outside
the allowable transmit frequency range.
1. S witch OFF the power, then
insert the microphone plug until
the locking tab clicks in Place.
2. Retransmit the frequency deviation, to match the Tx frequency
range. Press [SET] to enter the
menu mode, turn the HOME
Dial knob,select menu #36,
press the HOME dial knob,
then turn it to select the right
frequency deviation.
65
NOTE
66
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