Linux Dictionary
Linux Dictionary
Version 0.16
Author: Binh Nguyen
<linuxfilesystem(at)yahoo(dot)com(dot)au>
2004−08−16
This document is designed to be a resource for those Linux users wishing to seek clarification on
Linux/UNIX/POSIX related terms and jargon. At approximately 24700 definitions and two thousand pages it
is one of the largest Linux related dictionaries currently available. Due to the rapid rate at which new terms
are being created it has been decided that this will be an active project. We welcome input into the content of
this document. At this moment in time half yearly updates are being envisaged.
Searchable databases exist at locations such as:
http://www.swpearl.com/eng/scripts/dictionary/
(SWP) Sun Wah−PearL Linux Training and Development Centre is a centre of the Hong Kong Polytechnic
University, established in 2000. Presently SWP is delivering professional grade Linux and related Open
Source Software (OSS) technology training and consultant service in Hong Kong. SWP has an ambitious aim
to promote the use of Linux and related Open Source Software (OSS) and Standards. The vendor independent
positioning of SWP has been very well perceived by the market. Throughout the last couple of years, SWP
becomes the Top Leading OSS training and service provider in Hong Kong.
http://www.geona.com/dictionary?b=
Geona, operated by Gold Vision Communications, is a new powerful search engine and internet directory,
delivering quick and relevant results on almost any topic or subject you can imagine. The term "Geona" is an
Italian and Hebrew name, meaning wisdom, exaltation, pride or majesty. We use our own database of
spidered web sites and the Open Directory database, the same database which powers the core directory
services for the Web's largest and most popular search engines and portals. Geona is spidering all domains
listed in the non−adult part of the Open Directory and millions of additional sites of general interest to
maintain a fulltext index of highly relevant web sites.
http://www.linuxdig.com/documents/dictionary.php
LINUXDIG.COM, "Yours News and Resource Site", LinuxDig.com was started in May 2001 as a hobby site
with the original intention of getting the RFC's online and becoming an Open Source software link/download
site. But since that time the site has evolved to become a RFC distribution site, linux news site and a locally
written technology news site (with bad grammer :)) with focus on Linux while also containing articles about
anything and everything we find interesting in the computer world. LinuxDig.Com contains about 20,000
documents and this number is growing everyday!
http://linux.about.com/library/glossary/blglossary.htm
Each month more than 20 million people visit About.com. Whether it be home repair and decorating ideas,
recipes, movie trailers, or car buying tips, our Guides offer practical advice and solutions for every day life.
Wherever you land on the new About.com, you'll find other content that is relevant to your interests. If you're
looking for "How To" advice on planning to re−finish your deck, we'll also show you the tools you need to get
the job done. If you've been to About before, we'll show you the latest updates, so you don't see the same
thing twice. No matter where you are on About.com, or how you got here, you'll always find content that is
relevant to your needs.
Should you wish to possess your own localised searcheable version please make use of the available "dict",
http://www.dict.org/ version at the Linux Documentation Project home page, http://www.tldp.org/ The author
has decided to leave it up to readers to determine how to install and run it on their specific systems.
An alternative form of the dictionary is available at:
http://elibrary.fultus.com/covers/technical/linux/guides/Linux−Dictionary/cover.html
Fultus Corporation helps writers and companies to publish, promote, market, and sell books and eBooks.
Fultus combines traditional self−publishing practices with modern technology to produce paperback and
hardcover print−on−demand (POD) books and electronic books (eBooks). Fultus publishes works (fiction,
non−fiction, science fiction, mystery, ...) by both published and unpublished authors. We enable you to
self−publish easily and cost−effectively, creating your book as a print−ready paperback or hardcover POD
book or as an electronic book (eBook) in multiple eBook's formats. You retain all rights to your work. We
provide distribution to bookstores worldwide. And all at a fraction of the cost of traditional publishing. We
also offer corporate publishing solutions that enable businesses to produce and deliver manuals and
documentation more efficiently and economically. Our use of electronic delivery and print−on−demand
technologies reduces printed inventory and saves time.
Please inform the author as to whether you would like to create a database or an alternative form of the
dictionary so that he can include you in this list. Also note that the author considers breaches of copyright to
be extremely serious. He will pursue all claims to the fullest extent of the law.
Copyright 2003 Binh Nguyen
Trademarks are owned by their owners.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free
Documentation License, Version 1.2; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front−Cover Texts, and with no
Back−Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation
License".
Linux Dictionary
Table of Contents
Source and pre−formatted versions available..................................................................................................1
Chapter 1. Linux Dictionary..............................................................................................................................2
Punctuation..........................................................................................................................................................3
A........................................................................................................................................................................204
B........................................................................................................................................................................296
C........................................................................................................................................................................357
D........................................................................................................................................................................456
E........................................................................................................................................................................551
F........................................................................................................................................................................602
G.......................................................................................................................................................................661
H.......................................................................................................................................................................742
I.........................................................................................................................................................................776
J.........................................................................................................................................................................847
K.......................................................................................................................................................................866
L........................................................................................................................................................................903
M.......................................................................................................................................................................980
N......................................................................................................................................................................1073
O.....................................................................................................................................................................1128
P......................................................................................................................................................................1166
Q.....................................................................................................................................................................1275
R......................................................................................................................................................................1285
S......................................................................................................................................................................1351
T......................................................................................................................................................................1499
i
Linux Dictionary
Table of Contents
U......................................................................................................................................................................1576
V......................................................................................................................................................................1607
W.....................................................................................................................................................................1641
X......................................................................................................................................................................1681
Y......................................................................................................................................................................1737
Z......................................................................................................................................................................1743
Appendix A. About the Author....................................................................................................................1752
Appendix B. Contributors............................................................................................................................1753
Appendix C. Disclaimer................................................................................................................................1754
Appendix D. Donations.................................................................................................................................1755
Appendix E. Feedback..................................................................................................................................1756
Appendix F. References................................................................................................................................1757
Appendix G. GNU Free Documentation License.......................................................................................1760
G.1. PREAMBLE..............................................................................................................................1760
G.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS..................................................................................1760
G.3. VERBATIM COPYING............................................................................................................1761
G.4. COPYING IN QUANTITY.......................................................................................................1762
G.5. MODIFICATIONS....................................................................................................................1762
G.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS...................................................................................................1763
G.7. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS........................................................................................1764
G.8. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS...............................................................1764
G.9. TRANSLATION........................................................................................................................1764
G.10. TERMINATION......................................................................................................................1765
G.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE...........................................................................1765
G.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents.................................................1765
ii
Source and pre−formatted versions available
The source code and other machine readable formats of this book can be found on the Internet at the Linux
Documentation Project home page http://www.tldp.org/ The latest version of this document can be found at
http://cvsview.tldp.org/index.cgi/LDP/guide/docbook/Linux−Dictionary/
Source and pre−formatted versions available
1
Chapter 1. Linux Dictionary
Chapter 1. Linux Dictionary
2
Punctuation
$BASH environment variable
Expands to the full pathname used to invoke this instance of bash. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$BASH_VERSION environment variable
Expands to the version number of this instance of bash. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$CDPATH environment variable
The search path for the cd command. This is a colon−separated list of directories in which the shell
looks for destination directories specified by the cd command. A sample value is ``.:~:/usr''. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$ENV environment variable
If this parameter is set when bash is executing a shell script, its value is interpreted as a filename
containing commands to initialize the shell, as in .bashrc. The value of ENV is subjected to parameter
expansion, command substitution, and arithmetic expansion before being interpreted as a pathname.
PATH is not used to search for the resultant pathname. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$FIGNORE environment variable
A colon−separated list of suffixes to ignore when performing filename completion (see READLINE
below). A filename whose suffix matches one of the entries in FIGNORE is excluded from the list of
matched filenames. A sample value is ``.o:~''. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HISTCMD environment variable
The history number, or index in the history list, of the current command. If HISTCMD is unset, it
loses its special properties, even if it is subsequently reset. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HISTCONTROL environment variable
If set to a value of ignorespace, lines which begin with a space character are not entered on the history
list. If set to a value of ignoredups, lines matching the last history line are not entered. A value of
ignoreboth combines the two options. If unset, or if set to any other value than those above, all lines
read by the parser are saved on the history list. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HISTFILE environment variable
The name of the file in which command history is saved. (See HISTORY below.) The default value is
~/.bash_history. If unset, the command history is not saved when an interactive shell exits. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HISTFILESIZE environment variable
The maximum number of lines contained in the history file. When this variable is assigned a value,
the history file is truncated, if necessary, to contain no more than that number of lines. The default
value is 500. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HISTSIZE environment variable
The number of commands to remember in the command history (see HISTORY below). The default
value is 500. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HOME environment variable
The home directory of the current user; the default argument for the cd builtin command. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HOSTFILE
Contains the name of a file in the same format as /etc/hosts that should be read when the shell needs
to complete a hostname. The file may be changed interactively; the next time hostname completion is
Punctuation
3
Linux Dictionary
attempted bash adds the contents of the new file to the already existing database. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$HOSTTYPE
Automatically set to a string that uniquely describes the type of machine on which bash is executing.
The default is system−dependent. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$IFS
In UNIX, the $IFS variable separates commands. It is usually conigured to be the semicolon (;) and
newline characters. However, it can be reconfigured to be other characters as well. Data−driven
attacks will sometimes seek to reset the IFS variable (e.g. IFS=x), then cause execution within the
data field wihtout having to insert shell metacharacters. Tidbit: On Linux, the $FF variable may also
be used like $IFS. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$IFS
The Internal Field Separator that is used for word splitting after expansion and to split lines into
words with the read builtin command. The default value is ``<space><tab><newline>''. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$IGNOREEOF
Controls the action of the shell on receipt of an EOF character as the sole input. If set, the value is the
number of consecutive EOF characters typed as the first characters on an input line before bash exits.
If the variable exists but does not have a numeric value, or has no value, the default value is 10. If it
does not exist, EOF signifies the end of input to the shell. This is only in effect for interactive shells.
From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$INPUTRC environment variable
The filename for the readline startup file, overriding the default of ~/.inputrc (see READLINE
below). From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$LINENO
Each time this parameter is referenced, the shell substitutes a decimal number representing the current
sequential line number (starting with 1) within a script or function. When not in a script or function,
the value substituted is not guaranteed to be meaningful. When in a function, the value is not the
number of the source line that the command appears on (that information has been lost by the time the
function is executed), but is an approximation of the number of simple commands executed in the
current function. If LINENO is unset, it loses its special properties, even if it is subsequently reset.
From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$MAIL
If this parameter is set to a filename and the MAILPATH variable is not set, bash informs the user of
the arrival of mail in the specified file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$MAILCHECK
Specifies how often (in seconds) bash checks for mail. The default is 60 seconds. When it is time to
check for mail, the shell does so before prompting. If this variable is unset, the shell disables mail
checking. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$MAILPATH
A colon−separated list of pathnames to be checked for mail. The message to be printed may be
specified by separating the pathname from the message with a `?'. $_ stands for the name of the
current mailfile. Example: MAILPATH='/usr/spool/mail/bfox?"You have mail":~/shell−mail?"$_ has
mail!"' Bash supplies a default value for this variable, but the location of the user mail files that it uses
is system dependent (e.g., /usr/spool/mail/$USER). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$MAIL_WARNING
Punctuation
4
Linux Dictionary
If set, and a file that bash is checking for mail has been accessed since the last time it was checked,
the message ``The mail in mailfile has been read'' is printed. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$OLDPWD
The previous working directory as set by the cd command. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$OSTYPE
Automatically set to a string that describes the operating system on which bash is executing. The
default is system−dependent. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PATH
The search path for commands. It is a colon−separated list of directories in which the shell looks for
commands (see COMMAND EXECUTION below). The default path is system−dependent, and is set
by the administrator who installs bash. A common value is
``/usr/gnu/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/ucb:/bin:/usr/bin:.''. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PATH
The shell looks for commands and programs in a list of file paths stored in the PATH environment
variable. An environment variable stores information in a place where other programs and commands
can access it. Environment variables store information such as the shell that you are using, your login
name, and your current working directory. To see a list of all the environment variables currently
defined; type 'set' at the prompt. When you type a command at the shell prompt, the shell will look for
that command's program file in each directory listed in the PATH variable, in order. The first program
found matching the command you typed will be run. If the command's program file is not in a
directory listed in you PATH environment variable, the shell returns a "commands not found" error.
By default, the shell does not look in your current working directory or your home directory for
commands This is really a security mechanism so that you don't execute programs by accident. What
if a malicious user put a harmful program called ls in your home directory? If you typed ls and the
shell looked for the fake program in your home directory before the real program in the /bin directory,
what do you think woul dhappen? If you thought bad things, you are on the right track. Since your
PATH doesn't have the current directory as one of its search locations, programs in your current
directory must be called with an absolute path of a relative path specified as './program−name'. To see
what directories are part of your PATH enter this command: # echo $PATH
/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11 From Complete−Idiot's Guide to
Linux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PROMPT_COMMAND
If set, the value is executed as a command prior to issuing each primary prompt. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PS1
The value of this parameter is expanded (see PROMPTING below) and used as the primary prompt
string. The default value is ``bash\$ ''. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PS2
The value of this parameter is expanded and used as the secondary prompt string. The default is ``> ''.
From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PS3
The value of this parameter is used as the prompt for the select command (see SHELL GRAMMAR
above). From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PS4
The value of this parameter is expanded and the value is printed before each command bash displays
during an execution trace. The first character of PS4 is replicated multiple times, as necessary, to
Punctuation
5
Linux Dictionary
indicate multiple levels of indirection. The default is ``+ ''. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$PWD
The current working directory as set by the cd command. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$RANDOM
Each time this parameter is referenced, a random integer is generated. The sequence of random
numbers may be initialized by assigning a value to RANDOM. If RANDOM is unset, it loses its
special properties, even if it is subsequently reset. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$SECONDS
Each time this parameter is referenced, the number of seconds since shell invocation is returned. If a
value is assigned to SECONDS. the value returned upon subsequent references is the number of
seconds since the assignment plus the value assigned. If SECONDS is unset, it loses its special
properties, even if it is subsequently reset. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
$SHLVL
Incremented by one each time an instance of bash is started. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.#01
and higher A method of numbering picture files for a roll of film that has been scanned for computer
presentation From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.$$$
Used by OS/2 to keep track of archived files From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.(Pagis)
native format From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.000
Data file (GEOWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.000−20009
Used to number old (backup) versions of files (for example, CONFIG.SYS when changed by an
installation program); also used to number From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.001−999
Database index files used by (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.1−STEP
Backup file (Iomega Backup) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.113
Backup data file (Iomega Backup) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.123
Lotus 123 97 file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.12M
Smartmaster file (Lotus 1−2−3 '97) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.1ST
Punctuation
6
Linux Dictionary
Documenting wizard list (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.2D
Two−dimensional drawing file (VersaCAD) (http://www.versacad.com/vcadhome.htm) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.2GR
and 3GR VGA Graphics driver/configuration files (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.386
A file for use in an 80386 or higher microprocessor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.3D
Three−dimensional drawing file (VersaCAD) (http://www.versacad.com/vcadhome.htm) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.3DM
3D NURBS modeler, (Rhino) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.3DS
A file in 3D Studio (for DOS) format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.411
Data file (Used by digital cameras) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.4GE
Compiled code (Informix 4GL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.4GL
Source code (Informix 4GL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.4V
Music file (Quartet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.669
Music mod file (Composer 669)(Unis Composer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.669
Tracker module (Composer 669) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.8
Source file (Assembly) (Similar to Microsoft Assembler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
[email protected]@@
Screen files used in the installation and instruction on use of such applications as Microsoft Codeview
for C From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.a
Archive. lib*.a is a static library. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A
Library file (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A
Punctuation
7
Linux Dictionary
Object code library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A3L
Authorware 3.x library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A3M
Authorware MacIntosh file (unpackaged) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A3W
Authorware Windows file (unpackaged) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A4L
Authorware 4.x library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A4M
Authorware MacIntosh file (unpackaged) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A4P
Authorware file (packaged without runtime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A4W
Authorware Windows file (unpackaged) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A5L
Authorware 5.x library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.A5W
Authorware Windows file (unpackaged) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AA
Audible audio file (commonly used for downloadable audio books) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AAM
Authorware shocked file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AAS
Authorware shocked packet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AB
Applix Builder file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABF
Adobe Binary Screen Font From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABK
Backup file (PrintMaster Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABK
Corel Draw AutoBackup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABM
Punctuation
8
Linux Dictionary
Audio album file (HitPlayer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABO
Applix Builder Turbo file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABS
MPEG Audio Sound file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABS
Sometimes used to denote an abstract (as in an abstract or summary of a scientific paper) AutoBackup
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ABS
Standard GNU compiler output file for a PC platform From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACA
HTTP animation file (Microsoft Agent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACA
Project Manager Workbench file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACB
ACBM Graphic image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACC
DR−DOS Viewmax file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACD
Character definiton file (Microsoft Agent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACE
ACE Archiver Compression
<http://searchStorage.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid5_gci211828,00.html> file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACF
HTTP character file (Microsoft Agent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACI
ACI development appraisal (ACIWEB) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACL
Corel Draw 6 keyboard accelerator file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACM
Dynamic Link Library (DLL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACM
Interplay compressed sound file (Fallout 1,2, Baulder's Gate) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACM
Windows system directory file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
9
Linux Dictionary
.ACP
Microsoft Office Assistant Preview file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACR
American College of Radiology file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACS
Character structered storage file (Microsoft Agent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACT
Action Presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACT
Documenting wizard action diagram (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACT
FoxPro Foxdoc Action Diagram From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACT
Microsoft Office Assistant Actor file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ACV
Used to Compress and decompress audio data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AD
After Dark screensaver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Ada
<http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid10_gci211523,00.html> Ada source text file
(non−GNAT) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADB
Ada source text body file (GNAT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADB
HP 100LX Organizer Appointment database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADC
Scanstudio 16 color Bitmap Graphic file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADD
OS/2 adapter driver file used in the boot process From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADF
Amiga <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211557,00.html> disk file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADI
AutoCAD device−independent binary plotter file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADL
QEMM Mca adaptor description library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
10
Linux Dictionary
.ADM
After Dark MultiModule screensaver (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADM
Windows NT <http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci213368,00.html> policy
template From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADN
Lotus 1−2−3 Add−In file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADP
Astound Dynamite file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADP
Dynamic Page file (AOLserver) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADP
FaxWorks Faxmodem setup file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADR
After Dark Randomizer screensaver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADR
Smart Address address book From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADS
Ada source text specification file (GNAT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADT
AdTech Fax file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADT
HP NewWave datafile for card applications From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADX
Archetype Designer Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADX
Dynazip Active Delivery script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADX
Lotus Approach dBase Index From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ADZ
Packed ADF file (Extracts with WinZip) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AE
Author/Editor file (SoftQuad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AEP
ArcExplorer project file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
11
Linux Dictionary
.AF2
ABC FlowCharter 2.0 Flowchart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AF3
ABC Flowchart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AFC
Apple Sound file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AFI
Truevision Bitmap graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AFM
Adobe metrics From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AFM
HP NewWave Cardfile application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AG
Applix graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AI
Adobe Illustrator drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AI
Corel Trace drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIF
Audio Interchange File, a sound format used by Silicon Graphics and Macintosh applications From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIFC
Similar to AIF (compressed) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIFF
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213472,00.html> Similar to AIF From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIM
AOL Instant Messenger Launch file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIN
AIN Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIO
APL transfer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIS
ACDSee Image Sequence From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIS
Velvet Studio Instruments file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIS
Punctuation
12
Linux Dictionary
Xerox Arry of Intensity Samples Graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AIX
HP NewWave Cardfile Application data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AKW
Contains all A−keywords in the RoboHELP Help Project Index Designer not associated with topics
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALAW
European Telephony audio From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALB
JASC Image Commander album From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALI
Document file (SAP proprietary format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALIAS
Alias Image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.alias
X Window System font alias catalog. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALL
Arts & Letters Library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALL
WordPerfect for Windows General printer information file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALS
Alias Image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ALT
WordPerfect Library Menu From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AM
Applix SHELF Macro From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMF
DSMIA/Asylum module music (Crusader,No Remorse,Aladdin) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMF
Music file (Advanced Module Format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMG
ACTOR System image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMG
AMGC Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMI
Annotation file (Cocreate SolidDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
13
Linux Dictionary
.AMS
Extreme's Tracker module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AMS
Velvet Studio music module (MOD) file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AN
Text file (Sterling Software) (Groundworks COOL Business Team Model) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANC
Canon Computer Pattern Maker file that is a selectable list of From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANI
Microsoft Windows Animated cursor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANM
DeluxPaint Animation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANN
Windows 3.x Help annotation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANS
ANSI <http://searchCIO.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid19_gci213776,00.html> Text file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ANT
SimAnt for Windows saved game From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AOS
Nokia 9000 Add−on software From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AOT
Applicatio binary object template file (ZenWorks snAPPshot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AP
Applix Presents file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AP
WHAP Compressed Amiga archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APC
Compiled application file (Centura Team Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APC
Lotus 1−2−3 Printer driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APD
Dynamic application library file (Centura Team Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APD
Lotus 1−2−3 Printer driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
14
Linux Dictionary
.APF
Lotus 1−2−3 Printer driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APF
Project file (Allaire) (Created by Homesite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.API
Application Program Interface; used by Adobe Acrobat
<http://searchCIO.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid19_gci211517,00.html> From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.API
Lotus 1−2−3 Printer driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APL
APL Workspace file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APL
Application library file (Centura Team Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
dBase Application Generator Object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
DR−DOS Executable Application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
FoxPro Generated Application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
Generated application or active document (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
Normal mode application file (Centura Team Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APP
Symphony Add−in Application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APR
ArcView project file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APR
Employee Appraiser Performance Review file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APR
Lotus Approach 97 View file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APS
Advanced patching systems with error checking, (Similar to IPS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APS
Punctuation
15
Linux Dictionary
Microsoft Visual C++ file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APT
Lotus Approach Data view file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APT
Text mode application file (Centura Team Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APX
Borland C++ Appexpert database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.APX
Lotus Approach Paradox−Specific information file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AQ
Applix data From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARC
LH ARC (old version) compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARC
SQUASH Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARF
Automatic Response file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARI
ARI Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARI
Aristotle audio file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARJ
Robert Jung ARJ compressed archive (ARJ) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARK
ARC File Archiver CPM/Port archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARL
AOL v4.0 organizer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARR
Atari Cubase Arrangement From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ART
AOL Image file compressed using the Johson−Grace compression algorithm From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ART
Canon Crayola art From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ART
Clip Art From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
16
Linux Dictionary
.ART
First Publisher Raster graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ART
Ray Tracer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ART
Xara Studio drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ARX
ARX Compressed Archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AS
Applix Spreadsheet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASA
Microsoft Visual InterDev
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213682,00.html> file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASC
ASCII <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211600,00.html> text file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASC
PGP <http://searchSecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci214292,00.html> armored
encrypted <encrypti.htm> file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASD
Astound Presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASD
Lotus 1−2−3 Screen driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASD
Microsoft Advanced Streaming Format (ASF) description file; opens From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASD
WinWord AutoSave file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASE
Velvet Studio Sample file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASF
Lotus 1−2−3 Screen font From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASF
Microsoft Advanced Streaming Format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASF
Music file (Electronic Arts) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASF
Punctuation
17
Linux Dictionary
StratGraphics Datafile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASH
TASM 3.0 Assembly language header From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASI
Borland C++/Turbo C Assembler Include file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASM
Assembler <http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid10_gci211604,00.html> Language
source file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASM
Pro/E assembly file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASO
Astound Dynamite Object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASP
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci213787,00.html> Active Server Page
(an HTML file containing a Microsoft server−processed script) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASP
Astound Presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASP
Procomm Plus setup and connection script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AST
Astound multimedia file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AST
Claris Works "assistant" file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASV
DataCAD Autosave file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASX
Cheyenne Backup script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASX
Microsoft Advanced Streaming Redirector file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ASX
Video file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AT2
Aldus Persuasion 2.0 Auto Template From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ATM
Adobe Type Manager data/info file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ATT
Punctuation
18
Linux Dictionary
AT&T Group 4 bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ATW
AnyTime Deluxe for Windows personal information manager file from From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.au
Audio format (original Sun Microsystems generic sound file). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AU
Audio U−law (pronounced mu−law) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AU
Sun/NeXT/DEC/UNIX sound file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AUD
Audio file (Westwood Studios) (Kyrandia 3,C&C,RedAlert,C&C:TS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AUX
ChiWriter Auxilliary Dictionary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AUX
TeX/LaTeX Auxilliary Reference file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVA
Avagio Publication From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVB
Inculan Anti−Virus virus infected file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVI
Microsoft Audio Video Interleaved file for Windows movie From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.avi
Video format. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVR
Audio Visual Research file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVS
Application Visualization System file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVS
Stardent AVS−X Image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AVX
File Extension (ArcView) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AW
Applix Words file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AW
Punctuation
19
Linux Dictionary
HP AdvanceWrite Text file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AWD
FaxView Document image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.awk
awk program source file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AWK
AWK Script/Program From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AWM
Animation Works Movie From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AWR
Telsis file for digitally stored audio From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AWS
StatGraphics Data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AXL
ArcIMS XML project file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AXT
ASCII application object template (ZenWorks snAPPshot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.AXX
ARJ compressed file from a multi−volume archive (xx = a number from 01 to 99) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B
Applause Batch list From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B&W
1st Reader Mono binary screen image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B&W
Atari/Macintosh black and white graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B1N
1st Reader Mono and color binary screen image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B30
ABC Ventura publisher printer font From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B4
Helix Nuts and Bolts file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.B8
Raw graphic file (Piclab Plane II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAD
Punctuation
20
Linux Dictionary
Oracle bad file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAK
Backup file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAL
Ballade Music score From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAR
dBase Application Generator Horizontal menu object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAS
BASIC <http://searchVB.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid8_gci213805,00.html> source code From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BAT
Batch file <http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci211642,00.html> From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BB
Papyrus Database backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BBL
TeX/BibTeX Bibliographic reference file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BBM
Deluxe Paint Bitmap image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BBS
Bulletin Board Sytem text From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCH
Batch Process Object (dBase Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCH
Datalex Entry Point 90 Data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCM
Microsoft Works Communications file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCO
Bitstream Outline font description file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCP
Borland C++ Makefile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BCW
Borland C++ 4.5 Environment settings file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BDB
Microsoft Works Dababase file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BDF
Egret Datafile From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BDF
Punctuation
21
Linux Dictionary
West Point Bridge Designer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BDR
Microsoft Publisher Border From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BEZ
Bitstream Outline font description From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BF2
Bradford 2 Font From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BFC
Windows 95 Briefcase Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BFM
Font Metrics file (Unix/Mainframe) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BFX
Fax document file (BitFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BG
Microsoft Backgammon Game file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BGA
OS/2 Graphic array From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BGI
Borland Graphics Interface Driver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BGL
Microsoft Flight Simulator Scenery file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BHF
pcAnywhere Host file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BI
Binary <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211661,00.html> file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIB
Bibliography file (ASCII) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.bib
bibtex LATEX bibliography source file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIB
Database From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIB
TeX/BibTeX Literature Database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIF
Punctuation
22
Linux Dictionary
GroupWise initialization file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIF
Image Capture Board Binary Image black & white graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIFF
XLITE 3D file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIN
Binary <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211661,00.html> file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIO
OS/2 Bios file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BIT
X11 Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK
Backup file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK
JetFax Faxbook file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK!
WordPerfect for Windows Document backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK$
Backup file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK1
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 1 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK2
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 2 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK3
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 3 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK4
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 4 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK5
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 5 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK6
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 6 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK7
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 7 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK8
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 8 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BK9
Punctuation
23
Linux Dictionary
WordPerfect for Windows Timed backup file for document window 9 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BKP
TurboVidion Dialog Designer Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BKS
IBM BookManager Read bookshelf file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BKS
Microsoft Works Spreadsheet Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BKW
FontEdit Fontset mirror image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BLB
Resource archive (DreamWorks),(Neverhood) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BLD
BASIC Bloadable picture file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BLK
Alias Wavefront Image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BLK
WordPerfect for Windows Temporary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BM
Windows system Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BM1
Apogee BioMenace data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BMF
Corel Gallery file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BMK
Windows Help bookmark From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.bmp
Microsoft Bitmap file image format. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BMP
Windows or OS/2 bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BN
Instrument bank file (AdLib) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BNK
Instrument Bank file (AdLib) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BNK
Punctuation
24
Linux Dictionary
Sound effects bank file (Electronic Arts) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BOL
Compressed archive library file (Microsoft Booasm.arc) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BOM
Bill of materials file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BOO
Microsoft Booasm.arc Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BOOK
Adobe FrameMaker Book From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BOX
Lotus Notes file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BPC
Business Plan Toolkit Chart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BPL
Borland Delphi 4 packed library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BPS
Microsoft Works Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BPT
CorelDraw Bitmap fills file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BPX
Truevision Targa Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BQY
BrioQuery file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BR
Bridge Script From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BRD
Eagle Layout file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BRK
Brooktrout Fax−Mail file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BRW
Application file associated with financial institution(s) loan applications From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BRX
A file for browsing an index of multimedia options From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BRZ
DbBRZ file for very large Db backup or restore From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
25
Linux Dictionary
.BS1
Apogee Blake Stone data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BSA
BSARC Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BSC
Apple II Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BSC
Fortran Pwbrmake Object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BSC
MS Developer Studio (MSDev) browser information From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BSP
Quake map file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BS_
Microsoft Bookshelf Find Menu shell extension From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BTM
Batch <http://search390.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid10_gci211641,00.html> file used by Norton
Utilities From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BTR
Database file (Btrieve 5.1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUD
Backup disk for Quicken From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUG
Bugs and Problems file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUN
CakeWalk Audio Bundle (a MIDI
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212572,00.html> program) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUP
Backup From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUT
Buttons! Button definition From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BUY
Movie data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV1
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 1 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV2
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 2 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
26
Linux Dictionary
.BV3
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 3 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV4
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 4 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV5
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 5 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV6
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 6 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV7
Wordperfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 7 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV8
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 8 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BV9
WordPerfect for Windows Overflow file below insert point in document 9 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BW
SGI Black and White image file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BW
Silicon Graphics Raw red,green and blue bytes file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BWB
Visual Baler Spreadsheet application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BWR
Kermit Beware buglist From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BWV
Business Wave file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BYU
BYU Movie From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BZ
Bzip compressed file (Inix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.bz
File compressed with the bzip compression algorithm/program. These files are mostly redundant now.
The vast majority of files are compressed using the superior bzip2 program. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.BZ2
Bzip compressed file (Unix) (replaces Bz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.bz2
File compressed with the bzip2 compression program. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
27
Linux Dictionary
.B_W
Atari/Macintosh black and white graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C
C code From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.c
C program source code. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C
Site configuration for Secure Remote (CheckPoint VPN) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C−−
Sphinx C−− Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C00
Ventura Publisher Print file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C01
Typhoon wave From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.C86
Computer Innovation (C86) Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CA
Telnet Server Initial cache data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAB
Microsoft cabinet file (program files compressed for software distribution) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAC
dBase IV Executable file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAD
Softdesk Drafix Cad file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAG
Catalog file (Microsoft Clip Gallery v. 2.x,3.x,4.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAL
Calendar schedule data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAL
CALS Compressed Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAL
SuperCalc 4/5 Spreadsheet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAM
Casio camera file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAN
Navigator Fax From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
28
Linux Dictionary
.CAP
Compressed music file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAP
Telix Session Capture file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAP
Ventura Publisher Caption From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAR
AtHome assistant file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAS
Comma−delimited ASCII file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAT
dBase Catalogue file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CAT
Quicken IntelliCharge categorization file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CB
Microsoft clean boot <http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci211696,00.html>
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CBC
CubiCalc Fuzzy Logic System file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CBI
Column binary file (used in IBM mainframe systems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CBL
Cobol Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CBM
XLib Compiled Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CBT
Generic Computer based training file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CC
C++ Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CC
Visual dBASE custom class file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.cc, .cxx, .C, .cpp
C++ program source code. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCA
cc:mail archive file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
29
Linux Dictionary
.CCB
Visual Basic Animated Button configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCC
Curtain Call Native bitmap graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCE
Data file (Calendar Creator Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCF
Multimedia Viewer configuration file used in OS/2 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCF
Symphony Communications Configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCH
Corel Chart From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCL
Intalk Communication Command Language From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCM
Lotus CC:Mail "box" file (for example, INBOX.CCM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCO
CyberChat data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCO
XBTX Graphics From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CCT
Macromedia Director Shockwave cast file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDA
CD Audio Track From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDB
CardScan Database (CardScan) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDB
Clipboard file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDB
Conceptual model backup file (PowerDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDB
TCU Turbo C Utilities Main database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDF
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213841,00.html> Microsoft
Channel Definition Format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDF
Punctuation
30
Linux Dictionary
Netcdf Graphic file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDFS
Compact Disk filing system (WindRiver) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDI
Phillips Compact Disk Interactive file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDK
Atari Calamus Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDM
Conceptual data model file (PowerDesigner Data Architect) (Sybase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDM
Conceptual model file (PowerDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDM
Visual dBASE custom data module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDR
Corel Draw Vector drawing file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDR
Raw Audio−CD data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDT
Corel Draw template From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDT
CorelDraw Data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDX
Corel Draw compressed drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CDX
Microsoft's Visual Foxpro
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213705,00.html> index From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CE
The FarSide Computer Calendar Main CE file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CEG
Tempra Show Bitmap graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CEL
AutoDesk Animator Cel Image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CEL
CIMFast Event Language file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
31
Linux Dictionary
.CER
Certificate file (MIME x−x509−ca−cert) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CF
Imake Configurtion file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.cf, .cfg
Configuration file or script. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFB
Comptons Multimedia file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFG
Configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFL
CorelFLOW Chart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFM
ColdFusion <http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci211812,00.html> template
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFM
Corel FontMaster file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFM
Creative FM−Music From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFM
Visual dBASE Windows customer form From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFN
Atari Calamus Font data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFO
TCU Turbo C Utilities C form object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CFP
The Complete Fax Portable fax file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CGA
Ventura Publisher Display font file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CGI
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213846,00.html> Common gateway
interface script From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.cgi
Executable script that produces web page output. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CGM
Computer Graphic Metafile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
32
Linux Dictionary
.CH
Clipper 5 Header From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CH
OS/2 configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CH3
Harvard Graphics 3.0 Chart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CH4
Charisma 4.0 Presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHD
FontChameleon Font descriptor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHF
pcAnywhere remote control file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHI
ChiWriter Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHK
File fragments saved by Windows Disk Defragmenter or ScanDisk From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHK
WordPerfect for Windows Temporary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHL
Configuration History Log From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHM
Compiled HTML file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHN
Ethnograph Data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHP
Ventura Publisher Chapter file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHR
Character Sets (Font file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHT
ChartMaster dBase Interface file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHT
ChartViewer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CHT
Harvard Graphics Vector <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci528553,00.html> file
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
33
Linux Dictionary
.CIF
CalTech Intermediate Graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIF
Easy CD Creator image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIF
pcAnywhere caller file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIL
Clip Gallery download package file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIM
Sim City 2000 file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIN
OS/2 change control file that tracks changes to an INI file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CIX
TCU Turbo C Utilities Database Index From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK1
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 1 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK2
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 2 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK3
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 3 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK4
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 4 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK5
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 5 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CK6
iD/Apogee Commander Keen 6 data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CKB
Borland C++ Keyboard mapping file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CL
Generic LISP Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CL3
Layout file (Adaptec Easy CD Creator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLASS
Java class From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLG
Punctuation
34
Linux Dictionary
Disk Catalog database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLL
Cricket Software Clicker File From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLO
Cloe Image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLP
Clipper 5 Compiler Script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLP
Quattro Pro Clip art From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLP
Windows Clipboard From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLR
1st Reader Binary color screen image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLR
PhotStyler Color defintion From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLS
C++ Class Definition From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CLS
Visual Basic Class Module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CM
Craftman Data From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMA
Database file in plain text format (APPLIX TM1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMD
1st Reader External Command Menu From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMD
Command file for Windows NT (similar to a DOS .BAT file), OS/2 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMD
dBase−II program file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMD
DOS CP/M command file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMF
Corel Metafile From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMG
Chessmaster saved game From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMK
Punctuation
35
Linux Dictionary
Card Shop Plus file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMM
CEnvi Batch file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMP
Address document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMP
CorelDRAW 4.0 Postscript Printer Header From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMP
JPEG <http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> Bitmap
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMP
Microsoft Word for DOS User dictionary From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMP
Route 66 Address Document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMR
MediaPlayer Movie From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMV
Corel Move animation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMX
Corel Presentation Exchange image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CMYK
Raw cyan, magenta, yellow, and black bytes file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNC
CNC General Program data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNF
Configuration file used by Telnet, Windows, and other applications with varying internal formats
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNM
Windows application menu options and setup file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNQ
Compuworks Design Shop file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNT
Windows (or other) system content files for the help index and other purposes From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNV
Conversion files (WS_FTP Pro) files that will be converted from (Example) "HTML−"HTM" for
upload From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNV
Punctuation
36
Linux Dictionary
Word for Windows Data conversion support file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CNV
WordPerfect for Windows Temporary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COB
COBOL Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COB
trueSpace 2 object From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COD
dBase Application Generator Template source file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COD
FORTRAN Compiled code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COD
Microsoft C compiler output as displayable machine language/assembler with original C as comments
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COD
Video Text file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COL
AutoDesk Animator Color Palette From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COL
Microsoft Multiplan Spreadsheet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.COM
Command file (program) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Compiler
attempts to compile the source files of a Help system From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CON
Simdir Configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.conf, .config
Configuration file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CP8
CP8 256 Gray Scale image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPD
Complaints Desk Script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPD
Corel PrintOffice file (drawing) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPD
Punctuation
37
Linux Dictionary
Fax Cover document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPE
Fax Cover document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPF
The Complete Fax (Fax file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPH
Image file (Corel Print House) see CPO From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPI
ColorLab Processed Image bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPI
Microsoft MS−DOS code page information From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPJ
CeQuadrant CD Project From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPL
Compel Presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPL
Control Panel Module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPL
Corel color palette From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPO
Image file (Corel Print Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPP
C++ Source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPP
CA−Cricket Presents presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPR
Corel Presents presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPS
Central Point PC Tools Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPS
Coloured postscript From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPT
CA−Cricket Presents Template From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPT
Punctuation
38
Linux Dictionary
Corel Photo−Paint image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPT
dBase Encrypted Memo From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPT
Macintosh Compressed Archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPX
Corel Presentation Exchange compressed drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPY
Data file (Copy Books) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CPZ
COMPOZ Music Text From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRC
Check file (Win−SFV32) (Fantasia Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRC
Circular reference file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRD
Microsoft Windows 3.x Cardfile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRF
Zortech C++ cross−reference From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRH
Image file (Microsoft Golf) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRP
Corel Presents run−time presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRP
dBase IV Encrypted database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRP
Visual dBASE custom report From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRS
WordPerfect 5.1 for Windows File Conversion resource From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRT
Certificate file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRT
Crontab file) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CRT
Oracle Terminal settings information From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
39
Linux Dictionary
.CRU
CRUSH Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSA
Comma deliminated text From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSC
Corel script From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSG
Statistica/w Graph file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSH
C shell script files (Hamilton Labs) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.csh
csh shell script. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSM
Borland C++ 4.5 Precompiled header From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSM
Script file (Kodak Dc265 Camera) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSO
Customer service data and outcome file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSP
PC Emcee On−Screen image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSS
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci211749,00.html> Cascading Style
Sheet (MIME) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSS
Statistica/w Datasheet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSS
Stats+ Datafile From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CST
Macromedia Director "Cast" (resource) file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSV
Comma−separated values file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CSV
CompuShow Adjusted EGA/VGA Palette From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CT
A graphic file associated with the Paint Shop Pro Graphic Editor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CT
Punctuation
40
Linux Dictionary
Scitex CT bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTC
PC Installer Control From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTF
Symphony Character code translation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTL
dBase IV Control From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTL
Used in general for files containing control information. FAXWorks uses it to keep information about
each fax sent and received. From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTX
Microsoft Online Course Text From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTX
Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) Ciphertext file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CTX
Visual Basic User control binary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CUE
Microsoft Cue Cards data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CUL
Cursor library file (IconForge) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CUR
Windows Cursor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CURSOR
Sun Microsystems Cursor From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CUT
Dr Halo Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CV
Corel Versions archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CV
Microsoft CodeView information screen From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CVG
Image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CVS
Canvas drawing file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CWK
Punctuation
41
Linux Dictionary
Claris Works data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CWS
Claris Works template From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CXT
Macromedia Director protected (not editable) "Cast" (resource) file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.CXX
C++ source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.D2D
2D/3D object file (3−D Fassade Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.D64
Commodore 64 emulator disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAO
Windows Registry Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAP
Data access page (Microsoft Access 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAT
A data file extension used to designate an error message in a From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAT
Data file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAT
Extension used for some MPEG <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212601,00.html>
files From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DAT
WordPerfect Merge Data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DB
Borderland's Paradox 7 table database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.db
Database file. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBC
Microsoft's Visual FoxPro
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213705,00.html> database container
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBF
A dBASE file, a format originated by Ashton−Tate, but understood by Act!, Clipper,FoxPro, Arago,
Wordtech, xBase, and similar database or database−related products. From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBF
Enable database (can be opened with Excel 97) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBF
Punctuation
42
Linux Dictionary
Oracle 8.1.x tablespace file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBK
dBase Database Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBK
Schematic backup file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBO
Compiled program file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBQ
Paradox Memo From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBT
dBase Text Memo From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBV
Memo field file (Flexfile 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBW
Microsoft Windows 9.x Database file (DataBoss) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBX
DataBeam image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DBX
Microsoft's Visual FoxPro
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213705,00.html> Table file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DC
CAD file (DesignCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DC2
CAD file (DesignCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DC5
DataCAD Drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCA
Document Content Architecture Text file (IBM DisplayWrite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCA
Visual Basic Active designer cache From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCF
Data file (Dyadic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCF
Disk Image file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
43
Linux Dictionary
.DCIM
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (image and data) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCM
DCM module From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCP
Data CodePage (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCR
Shockwave file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCS
Bitmap Graphics (Quark XPress) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCS
Datafile (ACT! Activity file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCS
Desktop Color Separation file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCT
Database Dictionary file (Clarion Database Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCT
Database SpellCheck Dictionary (Harvard Graphics 3.0−Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCT
Microsoft's Visual FoxPro
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213705,00.html> database container
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCU
Delphi compiled unit From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCX
Bitmap Graphics file (Multipage PCX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCX
Fax image (based on PCX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCX
Macro file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DCX
Microsoft's Visual FoxPro
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci213705,00.html> database container
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DD
Compressed Archive (Macintosh DISKDOUBLER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DDB
Bitmap Graphics file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
44
Linux Dictionary
.DDF
Btrieve or Xtrieve Data Definition File, which contains metadata
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci212555,00.html> describing a Btrieve
or Xtrieve file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DDI
Image File (DISKDUPE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DDIF
Digital Equipment or Compaq file. Used for storing images and their From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DDP
Device Driver Profile (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.deb
Debian package for the Debian distribution. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEB
Debug Script (DOS Debug) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEF
Assembly Header file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEF
C++ definition file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEF
Define Module file (3−D Fassade Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEF
SmartWare II data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEFI
Oracle 7 de−install script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEM
A file with USGS standards for Digital Elevation Models (Vista Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEM
Demo file (Descent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEM
Graphics file (Vista Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEP
Visual Basic Setup Wizard Dependency file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DER
Certificate file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEV
Device Driver From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEWF
Punctuation
45
Linux Dictionary
Macintosh SoundCap/SoundEdit recorded instrument file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DEZ
Encrypted zip file (DES Encryption) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFD
Data Flow Diagram Graphic (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFI
Outline Font description (Digifont) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFL
Default Program Settings (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFM
Data Flow Diagram model (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFS
Sound File (Delight) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DFV
Printing Form value (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DGN
Microstation95 CAD drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DGS
Diagnostics Report From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DH
Dependency Information file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DHP
Graphic file (Dr. Halo II−III PIC Format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DHT
Datafile (Gauss) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIA
Diagraph Graphics file (Computer Support Corporation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIB
Device−independent bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIC
Dictionary file (Lotus Notes, Domino) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIC
Dictionary file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DICM
Punctuation
46
Linux Dictionary
Digital imaging and communications in medicine file (DICOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIF
Data Interchange Format spreadsheet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIF
Data Interchange Output file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIF
Database file (VisiCalc) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIF
Text file (Output from Data Interchange Format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.diff
Output of the diff program indicating the difference between files or source trees. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIG
Digilink file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIG
Sound Designer I audio From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIP
Graphics file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIR
Dialing Directory (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIR
Directory (VAX) (DEC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIR
Macromedia Director file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIR
Movie (MacroMind Director 4.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.dir
X Window System font/other database directory. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIS
Distribution file (VAX Mail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIS
Ray Tracer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIS
Thesaurus file (CorelDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DIZ
Description file (Description in ZIP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
47
Linux Dictionary
.DKB
Graphics file (Ray Traced DKBTrace) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DL
Image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLD
Datafile (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLG
C++ Dialogue Script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLL
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci213902,00.html> Dynamic−link library
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLL
Export/Import Filter (CorelDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLS
Downloadable sound From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLS
Interactive music architecture (IMA)(Microsoft),(Blood2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DLS
Setup file (Norton DiskLock) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMD
Visual dBASE data module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMF
Packed Amiga disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMF
X−Trakker music module (MOD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMO
Demo file (Derive) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMP
Dump file (Screen or Memory) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DMS
Compressed Archive (Amiga DISKMASHER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOB
Visual Basic User document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
DisplayWrite document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
Punctuation
48
Linux Dictionary
Document format (Interleaf) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
FrameMaker or FrameBuilder document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
Microsoft Word document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
WordPerfect document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOC
WordStar document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOG
Screen Saver file (Laughing Dog Screen Saver) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOH
Dependency Information file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOS
External Command file (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOS
Network Driver file (PKT_DIS.dos) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOS
Text file (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOT
Line−Type definition (CorelDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOT
Word Document Template (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOX
Text file (MultiMate 4.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOX
User document binary form (Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DOZ
Description out of Zip (VENDINFO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DP
Calendar file (Daily Planner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DP
Datafile (DataPhile) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DPL
Punctuation
49
Linux Dictionary
Borland Delphi 3 packed library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DPR
Project header (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DPT
Publication file (Publish−It!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DR9
Directory file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRAW
Acorn's object−based vector image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRC
Design rules check report file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRS
Display Resource file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRV
Device Driver (Required to make a device function) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRV
Driver <http://searchStorage.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid5_gci212002,00.html> From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRW
Lotus Freelance Image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRW
Pro/E drawing From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DRW
Vector graphics (Micrografx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DS4
Micrografx Designer Image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DS4
Vector Graphics (Micrografx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSC
Discard file (Oracle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSD
Database file (DataShaper) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSF
Micrografx Designer v7.x file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSG
DooM saved game From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
50
Linux Dictionary
.DSK
Driver file (Novell Netware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSK
Project Desktop file (Borland C++/Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSM
Digital Sound Module (DSI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSM
Dynamic Studio music module (MOD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSM
Music module file (DSIK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSN
Design (Object System Designer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSN
ODBC Data source From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSN
Schematic file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSP
Display parameters (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSP
Graphics Display driver (Dr. Halo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSP
Microsoft Developer Studio project From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSQ
Corel QUERY From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSR
Driver Resource (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSR
Visual Basic Active designer file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSS
Digital Sound file (Digital Soup)) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSS
Screensaver file (DCC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DST
Distribution file (PC−RDist, by Pyzzo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DST
Punctuation
51
Linux Dictionary
Embroidery machines graphic file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSW
Desktop settings (Borland C++ 4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSW
Microsoft Developer Studio workspace file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DSX
Visual Basic Active designer binary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTA
Datafile (Turbo C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTA
World Bank's STARS data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTD
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213918,00.html> SGML
Document Type Definition (DTD
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213918,00.html>) file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTED
Digital terrain elevation data (geographic data format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTF
Database file (PFS−Questions & Answers) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTF
Symantec Q&A relational database From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTM
Module file (DigiTrakker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTP
Desktop layout file (SecurDesk!/SecurDesk! LV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTP
Template file (Pressworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DTP
Text Document (Timeworks Publisher 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DT_
Data file fork (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DUN
Microsoft Dial−up Networking Export file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DUP
Punctuation
52
Linux Dictionary
Duplicate Backup From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DV
Digital video (MIME) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVC
Datafile (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVF
Graphics file associated with camcorders (DV Studio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVI
Binary file (TeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVI
Device Independent Document (TeX) (LaTeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.dvi
Device−independent file. Formatted output of .tex LATEX file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVP
Desqview Program information (DESQview) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DVP
Device parameter file (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DW2
Drawing file (DesignCAD for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWC
Compressed Archive (DWC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWD
DiamondWare digitized file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWF
Drawing Web file (Microsoft WHIP autoCAD reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWF
Vector graphic (Autodesk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWG
AutoCAD Drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWG
AutoCAD drawing, or older Generic CAD drawing file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWP
Document file (DeScribe) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DWS
Punctuation
53
Linux Dictionary
Workspace file (Dyadic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DX
Digital Electric Corporation (DEC) Data exchange file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DXF
Data Exchange File From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DXF
Drawing Interchange (eXchange) format,a text representation of the binary DWG format From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DXF
Drawing Interchange Format (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DXN
Fax document (Fujitsu dexNet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DXR
Macromedia Director protected (not editable) movie file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.DYN
Datafile (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.E00
Coverage export file (ArcInfo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.e00
Exchange file (Arc/Info) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EBJ
Error Checking Object file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ED5
EDMICS image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ED6
EDMICS image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDA
Ensoniq ASR disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDB
ROOTS3 Geneological data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDD
Element Definition document (FrameMaker+SGML documents) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDE
Ensoniq EPS disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDK
Punctuation
54
Linux Dictionary
Ensoniq KT disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDQ
Ensoniq SQ1/SQ2/KS32 disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDS
Ensoniq SQ80 disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDT
Default settings (VAX Edt editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EDV
Ensoniq VFX−SD disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EEB
Button Bar for Equation editor (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFA
Ensoniq ASR file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFE
Ensoniq EPS file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFK
Ensoniq KT file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFQ
Ensoniq SQ1/SQ2/KS32 file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFS
Ensoniq SQ80 file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFT
High Resolution Screen Font (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFV
Ensoniq VFX−SD file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFX
Fax document (Efax Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EFX
Fax Document (Everex EFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EGA
EGA Display font (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.el
Lisp program source. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EL
Punctuation
55
Linux Dictionary
Lisp Source code (eMacs) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ELC
eMac Lisp Source code (byte−compiled) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ELM
Theme−Pack file for (Microsoft FrontPage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ELT
Event List Text file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EMB
Embedded bank File (Everest) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EMD
ABT Extended MoDule From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EMF
Enhanced Windows Metafile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EML
Microsoft Outlook Express mail message (MIME RFC 822) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EMS
Enhanced Menu System Configuration file (PC Tools) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EMU
Terminal Emulation Data file (BITCOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENC
Encoded file (UUENCODEd File, Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENC
Music file (Encore) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENC
Video file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.END
Arrow−Head Definition Table (CorelDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENFF
Neutral Format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENG
Chart Graphics file (EnerGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENG
Dictionary Engine file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENV
Punctuation
56
Linux Dictionary
Enveloper Macro (WOPR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ENV
Environment file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPD
Publication file (Express Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPHTML
Enhanced Perl−parsed HTML From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPI
Document file (Express Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPS
Encapsulated Postscript image file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPS
Encapsulated Postscript Vector graphics (Adobe Illustrator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPS
Printer font (Epson, Xerox, Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPS2
Adobe Level II Encapsulated Postscript From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPSF
Encapsulated PostScript From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EPSI
Adobe Encapsulated Postscript Interchange From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EQN
Equation file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ER1
ERWin file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ERD
Entity Relationship Diagram graphic file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ERM
Entity Relationship Diagram Model file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ERR
Compilation error file (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ERR
Stores the error messages that result when the RoboHELP Help From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ERX
ERWin file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
57
Linux Dictionary
.ESH
Extended Shell Batch file (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ESL
Distributable support library file (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ESPS
ESPS audio file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ETH
Document file (Ethnograph 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ETX
Structure Enhanced text (SetText) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EUI
Ensoniq ESP family compacted disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EVT
Event Log (Microsoft Windows NT, 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EVY
Document (WordPerfect for Windows Envoy) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EWD
Text Document (Express Publisher for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EWL
Microsoft Encarta document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EX3
Device Driver file (Harvard Graphics 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXC
Exclude file for Optimize (do not process, QEMM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXC
Microsoft Word Exclusion Dictionary file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXC
Source Code file (Rexx VM/CMS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXE
Executable <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212086,00.html> file (program) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXP
Saved chat (ICQ) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXT
ASCII binary transfer file (WS_FTP PRO) (IPSWITCH Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
58
Linux Dictionary
.EXT2
Second extended file system (Linux) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EXT3
Third extended file system (Linux) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.EZP
Compressed file (Edify.zip) (Edify Electronic Workforce Backup Utility) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F
Compressed file archive (FREEZE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F
FORTRAN file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F01
Fax document (Perfect Fax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F06
Dos screen text font (height= 6 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F07
Dos screen text font (height= 7 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F08
Dos screen text font (height= 8 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F09
Dos screen text font (height= 9 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F10
Dos screen text font (height= 10 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F11
Dos screen text font (height= 11 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F12
Dos screen text font (height= 12 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F13
Dos screen text font (height= 13 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F14
Dos screen text font (height= 14 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F15
Dos screen text font (height= 15 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F16
Dos screen text font (height= 16 pixels) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
59
Linux Dictionary
.F2R
Linear music module (Farandole) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F3R
Blocked music module (Farandole) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F77
Source code file (FORTRAN 77) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F90
FORTRAN file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.F96
Fax document (Frecom FAX96) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAC
Face graphic From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAR
Music module (MOD) (Farandole Composer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAS
Basic module file (3−D Fassade Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAV
Navigation bar (Microsoft Outlook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAX
<http://searchNetworking.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid7_gci212098,00.html> From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FAX
Type image From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FBK
Backup (Navison Financials) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FC
Spell Check dictionary file (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FCD
Virtual CD−ROM file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FCM
Binary file patch (Forward Compression) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FD
Declaration file (FORTRAN) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FD
Punctuation
60
Linux Dictionary
Field offsets for compiler (DataFlex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FDB
Database (Navison Financials) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FDF
Forms Document (Adobe Acrobat) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FDW
Document form (F3 Design and Mapping) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FEB
Button Bar for Figure Editor (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FEM
CADRE Finite Element Mesh From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FF
Outline Font description (AGFA CompuGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFA
MS find fast file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFF
Fax document (defFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFF
GUS PnP bank file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFL
Image file (PrintMaster Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFL
MS fast find file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFO
MS fast find file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFT
Final Form Text (part of IBM's DCA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FFX
MS fast find file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FH3
Aldus Freehand 3 drawing (Vector graphic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FH4
Aldus Freehand 4 drawing (Vector graphic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FI
Punctuation
61
Linux Dictionary
File Interface (FORTRAN) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIF
Fractal <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212149,00.html> Image From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIG
REND386/AVRIL file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIL
File List Object (dBase Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIL
File template (Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIL
Overlay (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIN
Print formatted text (Perfect Writer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIT
File index table (Microsoft Windows NT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIT
Graphic (FITS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FITS
CCD camera image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FITS
Flexible Image Transport System file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FIX
Patch file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FKY
Macro (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLA
Movie (Macromedia Flash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLB
Format library (Papyrus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLC
FLIC animation (AutoDesk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLD
Field define module file (3−D Fassade Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLD
Punctuation
62
Linux Dictionary
File folder (Charisma) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLF
Delived form (Corel Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLF
Driver (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLF
License (Navison Financials) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLI
FLIC animation (AutoDesk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLI
Font library (EmTeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLL
Distributable dynamic link library (DLL) (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLM
Film Roll (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLO
FlowCharter file (MicroGrafx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLS
Filelist document (Farrukh Imposition Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Filter (Corel) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Filter (Micrografx Picture Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Graphics filter (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Graphics filter support file (Asymetrix ToolBook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Music module (MOD) (StarTrekker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLT
Open Flight file (MulitGen) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FLX
Compiled binary file (DataFlex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FM
FrameMaker Document (Adobe) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
63
Linux Dictionary
.FM
Spreadsheet (FileMaker Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FM1
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3, version 2.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FM3
Device driver (Harvard Graphics, version 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FM3
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3, version 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMB
Binary source code for form, (Oracle, v4.x and later) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMB
File Manager button bar (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMF
Font or Icon (IBM LinkWay) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMK
MakeFile (FORTRAN PowerStation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FML
Mirror list (Oracle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMO
Compiled format (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMP
Document file (FileMaker Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMT
Csreen format file (Microsoft Visual FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMT
Print file (Microsoft Schedule+) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMT
Style sheet (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMT
Text format for form file (Oracle, v4.x and later) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FMX
Executable form, (Oracle,v4.x and later) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FN3
Font (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
64
Linux Dictionary
.FND
Saved Search (Find applet) (Microsoft Explorer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FNG
Font group (Font Navigator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FNK
Module (FunkTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FNT
Font (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FNX
Inactive font (Exact) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FO1
Font (Borland Turbo C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FO2
Font (Borland Turbo C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOG
Fontographer font From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOL
Saved message folder (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FON
Call log (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FON
Dialing directory (Telix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FON
Font (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FON
System font (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOR
Form (WindowBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOR
FORTRAN source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.forward
On UNIX, a user can place an e−mail address in his ".forward" file. This will cause all e−mail sent to
his account to be forwarded to that e−mail address. This file a is prime target of attackers. If they can
overwrite this file, they can subtly start capturing the user's e−mail. This is especially dangerous if the
the account in question is the root account. Note that the user doesn't have to know any about this file
or have one on his system. The mere creation of this file by the intruder will activate this feature.
Furthermore, since this file starts with a 'dot', it is normally hidden from the user, so they won't even
be ware that this feature exists. From Hacking−Lexicon
Punctuation
65
Linux Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOT
Font−related file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FOT
Installed TrueType font (Microsoft Windows Font Installer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FP
Configuration file (FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FP
FileMaker Pro file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FP1
"Flying Pigs" screensaver datafile (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FP3
FileMaker Pro v.3 & 4 document file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FP5
Document file (FileMaker Pro v.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FPC
Catalog file (FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FPT
FileMaker Pro file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FPT
Memo fields (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FPW
Floorplan drawing (FloorPlan Plus for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FPX
Bitmap (FlashPix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FR3
Renamed dBaseIII+ form (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRF
Font (FontMonger) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRG
Uncompiled report (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRK
Zip (compressed ) file (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Punctuation
66
Linux Dictionary
Document (FrameMaker or FrameBuilder) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Executable file (Oracle,v3.0 and earlier) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Form (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Form (Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Merge form (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRM
Symbol Report (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRO
Compiled report (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRP
Form (PerForm PRO Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRS
Screen Font Resource (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRT
Report menu (FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRX
Form stash file (Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FRX
Report (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSF
fPrint Audit Tool From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSL
Form (Paradox for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSL
Paradox 7 form (Borderland) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSL
Saved form (Corel Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSM
Sample file (Farandoyle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FST
Punctuation
67
Linux Dictionary
Linkable program (dBFast) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FSX
Data (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FT
Full text index (Lotus Notes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTB
Index file (Roots3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTF
Client access data specification file (AS/400) (Client to Server) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTG
Help system full−text search group file (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTM
Font (MicroGrafx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTP
File transfer protocol (Internet Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTS
Help system full−text search index (Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FTW
Document file (Family Tree Maker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FW
Database (Framework II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FW2
Database (Framework II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FW3
Database (Framework III) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FW4
Database (Framework IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FWB
Data file backup for file splitting configuration (FileWrangler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FWS
Data file for file splitting configuration (FileWrangler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FX
On−Line guide (FastLynx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FXD
Punctuation
68
Linux Dictionary
Phonebook (FAXit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FXP
Compiled source code (FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FXS
Fax Transmit graphic (WinFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FZB
Bank dump file (Casio FZ−1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FZF
Full dump file (Casio FZ−1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.FZV
Voice dump file (Casio FZ−1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.G
Data chart (APPLAUSE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.g3
G3 fax format image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.G721
Raw CCITT G.721 //$bit ADPCM data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.G723
Raw CCITT G.723 3 or 5bit ADPCM data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.G8
Raw Graphics (one byte per pixel) Plane III (PicLab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GAL
Album (Corel Multimedia Manager) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GAM
Fax document (GammaFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GB
Emulator ROM image file (Nintendo GameBoy) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GBC
Color emulator ROM image file (Nintendo GameBoy) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GBL
Global definitions (VAXTPU Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GC1
Lisp source code (Golden Common Lisp 1.1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GC3
Punctuation
69
Linux Dictionary
Lisp source code (Golden Common Lisp 1.1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GCD
Generic (TM) CADD drawing (later versions) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GCP
Image processing file (Ground Control Point) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GDB
Database file (InterBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GDF
Dictionary file (GEOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GDM
Bells, whistles, and sound boards module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GED
Genealogical data (GEDCOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GED
Graphic Environment Document (drawing) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GED
Graphics editor file (EnerGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GED
Graphics editor native format (Arts & Letters) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GEM
Metafile (GEM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GEM
Vector graphics (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GEN
Compiled template (dBase Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GEN
Generated text (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GEO
Geode (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GetRight
Unfinished−Download (GetRight) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GFB
Compressed gif image (GIFBLAST) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GFC
Punctuation
70
Linux Dictionary
Patton&Patton Flowcharting 4 flowchart From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GFI
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GFT
Font (NeoPaint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GFX
Genigraphics Graphics Link presentation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GIB
Chart (Graph−in−the−Box) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GID
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci212189,00.html> Windows 95 global
index (containing help status) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GIF
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213984,00.html> Bitmap
(CompuServe) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.gif, .giff
GIF image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GIM
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GIW
Presentation (Graph−in−the−Box for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GIX
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GKH
Ensoniq EPS family disk image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GKS
GripKey document (Gravis) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GL
Animation file (GRASP graphical System for Presentation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GLM
Datafile (Glim) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GLS
Datafile (Across) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GLY
Glossary (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
71
Linux Dictionary
.GMF
CGM Graphics (APPLAUSE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GMP
Tile map (Geomorph) (SPX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GMR
Graphical monitor record (Schlafhorst Automation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GNA
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GNO
Genealogy document file (Genopro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GNT
Generated executable code (Micro Focus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GNX
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GOC
Goc sorce code (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GOH
Goc header (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GP
Geode parameter file (Geoworks Glue) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GPH
Graph (Lotus 1−2−3/G) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GPK
Program package (Omnigo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GPP
Graph paper application file (GraphPap) (Generates graph paper) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GR2
Screen driver (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRA
Datafile (SigmaPlot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRA
Graph (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRB
Shell Monitor (MS−DOS v5.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
72
Linux Dictionary
.GRD
Image processing grid (CHIPS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRF
Graph (Charisma Graph Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRF
Grapher (Golden Software) graph From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRP
Pictures group (PixBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRP
Program Manager Group (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GRY
Raw graphic (GREY) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GS1
Presentation (GraphShow) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSD
Vector graphic (Professional Draw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSM
Audio stream Raw 'byte aligned (GSM 6.10 audio stream) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSM
Audio stream Raw GSM (6.10 audio stream) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSM
GSM w. header/QuickLink file (US Robotics voice modems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSM
GSM w.o. header/VoiceGuide/RapidComm file (US Robotics voice modems) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSP
Sketch pad file (GeoMeter Sketch Pad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSP
Zip file (Gnuzip) (Allows for output to html) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GSW
Worksheet (GraphShow) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GT2
Music module (Graoumftracker) (new) (MOD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GTK
Music module (Graoumftracker) (old) (MOD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
73
Linux Dictionary
.GUP
Data (PopMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GWP
Greetings WorkShop file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GWX
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GWZ
Graphics Link presentation (Genigraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GXL
Graphics library (Genus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.GZ
Compressed file (Unix gzip) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.gz
File compressed with the gzip compression program. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.h
C/C++ program header file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.H
Program header (C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.H!
On−line Help (Flambeaux Help!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.H++
Header file (C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.H−−
Header file (Sphinx C−−) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HA
Compressed archive (HA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HAM
Driver file (Novell Netware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HAM
Vector graphics saved file (Amiga) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HAP
Compressed archive (HA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HBK
Accounting data file (Humanic Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
74
Linux Dictionary
.HBK
Handbook (MathCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HCM
Configuration file (IBM HCM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HCOM
Sound Tools file (HCOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HCR
Production configuration file (IBM HCD/HCM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDF
Help file (Help development kit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDF
National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) Geospatial Hierarchical Data From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDL
Alternate download listing (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDR
Database header (Pc−File+) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDR
Datafile (Egret) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDR
Message header text (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDR
Message header text (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDW
Vector graphics (Harvard Draw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDX
Help index (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HDX
Help index (Zortech C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HED
Document (HighEdit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HEL
Hellbender saved game (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HEX
Macintosh BinHex <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211663,00.html> 2.0 file
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
75
Linux Dictionary
.HFI
HP font info (GEM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HGL
Drawing file (HP Graphics Language) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HH
Header file (C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HH
Help system map (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HHH
Precompiled header (Power C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HHP
Help information for remote users (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HIT
Audio file (HitPlayer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HLB
Help library (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HLP
Help file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HLP
Windows Help file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HMI
Human machine interfaces MIDI music file (Descent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HMM
Alternate mail read option menu (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HMP
Human machine interfaces MIDI music file (Descent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HNC
Program files (CNC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HOG
Lucas Arts Dark Forces WAD <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213332,00.html>
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HOG
Main data package file (Descent3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HOG
Mission file (Descent 1−2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
76
Linux Dictionary
.HOT
Document file (HotSend) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HP8
Ascii text Roman8 character set (NewWave Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPC
Font language file (Hewlett−Packard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPF
HP LaserJet font (Adobe Pagemaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPF
Partial download file (HotLine) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPG
HPGL Plotter vector graphics (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPG
HPGL Plotter vector graphics (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPI
Font information (GEM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPJ
Help Project file (Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPK
Compressed archive (HPACK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPM
Alternative menu for privileged users (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPM
Emm text (HP NewWave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPP
Header file (Zortech C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HPP
Program header (C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HQX
BinHex (Macintosh 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HRF
Rastor graphic (Hitachi) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HRM
Alternate menu for limited users (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
77
Linux Dictionary
.HS2
Monochrome image (Postering) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HSC
FM synthesized music file (Used by many old games, e.g.:FINTRIS, ROL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HSI
Graphic (Handmade Software, Inc.) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HST
History file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HST
History file (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HT
HyperTerminal file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HTA
A HTML file that has been used to by viruses to update the system registry From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HTM
A Web page (a file containing Hypertext Markup Language − HTML − markup) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.htm, .html, .shtm, .html
Hypertext Markup Language. A web page of some sort. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HTML
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212286,00.html> A Web page (a
file containing Hypertext Markup Language − HTML − markup) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HTT
Hypertext template (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HTX
Template (Extended HTML) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HWD
Presentation (Hollywood) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HWP
Korean word processor document format (HanGul) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HXM
Alternate protocal selection menu (ProComm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HXM
HAM extension (Descent2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HXX
Punctuation
78
Linux Dictionary
Header file (C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HY1
Hyphenation algorythm (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HY2
Hyphenation algorythm (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HYC
Datafile (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HYD
Hyphenation dictionary (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HYM
3D Image binary file (Hymarc Scandata Scanner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.HYP
Compressed archive (HYPER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.I
Intermediate file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.i
SWIG source, or C preprocessor output. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IAN
Text file (Sterling Software) (Groundworks COOL Business Team Model) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IAX
Bitmap (IBM Image Acess eXecutive) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IBM
Compressed archive (ARCHDOS, IBM Internal only) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICA
Bitmap graphic (Image Object Content Architecture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICA
Citrix file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICB
Targa bitmap From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICC
Catalog file (IronClad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICC
Printer file (Kodak) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICD
Drawing file (IronClad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
79
Linux Dictionary
.ICL
Icon Library (Generic industry standard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICM
Image Color Matching profile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICN
Icon source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICO
Icon (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ICS
Scene file (IronClad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ID
Disk identification file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDB
Intermediate file (Microsoft Developer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDD
MIDI <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212572,00.html> Instrument Definition
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDE
Project file (Borland C++ v4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDF
MIDI Instrument Definition (Windows 95 required file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDIF
Identification file (Netscape saved address book) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDQ
Data Query (Internet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDW
Vector graphic (IntelliDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDX
Index file (Microsoft Clip Gallery v. 1.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDX
Index file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDX
Microsoft Outlook Express file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IDX
Relational database index (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
80
Linux Dictionary
.IDX
Relational database index (Symantec Q&A) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFD
Form (JetForm Design) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFF
Image (Sun TAAC/SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFF
Interchange file, (general purpose data storage format)) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFO
Digital Video Disk (DVD) datafile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFO
Graphic object layer data (ImageForge Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFP
Script file (KnowledgeMan) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFS
Compressed fractal image (Yuvpak) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFS
Create executable library (ImageForge/ImageForge Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IFS
System file (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IGES
Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IGF
Metafile (Inset Systems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IIF
Interchange file (QuickBooks for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IIM
Music module From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ILB
Datafile (Scream Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ILBM
Bitmap (graphic image) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ILK
Program outline (Microsoft ILink incremental linker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IM8
Punctuation
81
Linux Dictionary
Raster graphic (Sun Microsystems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMA
Image (WinImage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMA
Vector graphic (EGO,Chart) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMF
MIDI music file (Corridor 7, Blake Stone, Wolfenstein 3D, Spear of Destiny) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMG
Bitmap graphic (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMG
Image (GEM) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMP
Spreadsheet (Lotus Improv) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMQ
Image presentation (ImageQ) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IMS
Create executable library data (IconForge) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.in
configure input file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IN$
Installation file (HP NewWave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IN3
Input device driver (Harvard Graphics v3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INB
Test script (Vermont High Test) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.inbound
internet email message (Microsoft Exchange Server v 5.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INC
Include file (Assembler language or Active Server) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IND
Index (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IND
Shared Database file (Specifically in Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Individual
Punctuation
82
Linux Dictionary
Software MultiModule screensaver From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INF
Information file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INF
Install script (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INF
Type I LaserJet font information file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.info
Info pages read with the info command. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INI
Bank setup file (Gravis UltraSound) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INI
Initialization file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INI
Setup file (MWave DSP synth's mwsynth.ini GM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INK
Pantone reference fills file (CorelDRAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INL
Inline function file (Microsoft Visual C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INP
Source code for form, (Oracle,version 3.0 and earlier) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INRS
INRS−Telecommunications audio From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Datafile (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Install script (InstallShield) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Installation script (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Instrument file (Ensoniq EPS Family) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Instrument music file (Adlib) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Punctuation
83
Linux Dictionary
Sample (Cell/II MAC/PC instruments) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INS
Sign−up file (X−Internet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INT
Interfaced units (Borland) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INT
Intermediate executable code (Produced when a source program is syntax−checked) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.INX
Index file (Foxbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IO
Compressed archive (CPIO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IOB
3D graphics database (TDDD format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IOC
Organizational chart (Instant ORGcharting!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IOF
Findit document (Microsoft Findit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ION
File description (4dos descript.ion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IPL
Pantone Spot reference pallette (CorelDRAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IPS
International patching system binary patch file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IQY
Internet inquiry (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IRS
Resource file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ISD
Spell checker dictionary (RapidFile) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ISH
Compressed archive (ISH) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ISO
<http://searchCIO.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid19_gci214046,00.html> Lists the files on a
CD−ROM; based on the ISO 9660 CD−ROM file system standard From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
84
Linux Dictionary
.ISO
ISO (International Standards Organization table, aka: ISO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ISP
Sign−up file(X−Internet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IST
Instrument file (Digitaltracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ISU
Uninstall script (InstallShield) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IT
Music module (MOD) (Impulse Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IT
Settings file (intalk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ITF
Interface file (JPI Pascal TopSpeed) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ITI
Instrument file (Impulse Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ITS
Internet document set (possibly a Microsoft file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ITS
Sample file (Impulse Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IV
Open Inventor file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IVD
Microdata dimension or variable−level file (Beyond 20/20) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IVP
User subset profile (Beyond 20/20) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IVT
Table or aggregate data (Beyond 20/20) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IVX
Microdata directory (Beyond 20/20) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IW
Presentation flowchart (IconAuthor−HSC Interactive) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IW
Screensaver (Idlewild) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
85
Linux Dictionary
.IWA
Text file (IBM Writing Assistant) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IWC
Install Watch document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IWM
Start file (IconAuthor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IWP
Text file (Wang) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.IZT
Binary token file (IZT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.J62
Ricoh camera file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JAR
Java ARchive (a compressed file for applets and related files) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JAS
Graphic (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JAVA
Source code (Java) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JBD
Datafile (SigmaScan) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JBF
Image browser file (Paint Shop Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JBX
Project file (Project Scheduler 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JFF
JPEG <http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> image
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JFIF
JPEG <http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> image
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JIF
JPEG <http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> image
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JMP
Discovery chart−to−statistics (SAS JMP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JN1
Jill of the Jungle data (Epic MegaGames) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
86
Linux Dictionary
.JNB
Workbook file (Sigma Plot 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JOB
Vector graphics file created by conversion of a IMG file (QuestVision) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JOR
Journal (Microsoft SQL Server) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JOU
Journal backup (VAX Edt editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JPC
Graphic (Japan PIC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JPE
JPEG <http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> image
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JPEG
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212425,00.html> From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JPEG
compressed bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JPG
JPEG bitmap From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.jpg, .jpeg
JPEG image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JS
JavaScript source code From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JSD
Jet Suite document (eFAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JSP
A HTML page containing a reference to a Java servlet From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JTF
Bitmap graphic (JPEG Tagged Interchange Format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JTF
Fax document (Hayes JT Fax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JTF
JPEG bitmap From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JTK
Java ToolKit file (Sun Microsystems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JW
Punctuation
87
Linux Dictionary
Text document (JustWrite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JWL
Library (JustWrite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.JZZ
Spreadsheet (Jazz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.K25
Sample file (Kurzweil 2500) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KAR
MIDI file (text+MIDI) (Karaoke) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KB
Keyboard script (Borland C++ 4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KB
Program source code (Knowledge Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KBD
Keyboard mapping script (Procomm Plus, LocoScript, Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KBM
Keyboard mapping script (Reflection 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KCL
Lisp source code (Kyoto Common Lisp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KDC
Image (Kodak Photo−Enhancer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KEX
Macro (KEDIT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KEY
Datafile (Forecast Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KEY
Icon toolbar (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KEY
Keyboard Macro From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KEY
Security file (Such as a software registration number) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KFX
Image (KoFax Group 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KIZ
Punctuation
88
Linux Dictionary
Digital postcard (Kodak) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KKW
Contains all K−keywords in the RoboHELP Help project Index Designer not associated with topics
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KMP
KeyMaP (Korg Trinity) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KPP
Toolpad (SmartPad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KPS
Bitmap graphic (IBM KIPS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KQP
Native Camera file (Konica) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KR1
Sample (multi−floppy) file (Kurzweil 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KRZ
Sample file (Kurzweil 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KSF
Sample File (Korg Trinity) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KYB
Keyboard mapping (FTP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.KYE
Game data (Kye) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.L
Linker directive file (WATCOM wlink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.L
Source code (Lex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.L
Source code (Lisp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAB
Datafile (NCSS−SOLO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAB
Label file (Visual dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAB
Mailing labels (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAN
Punctuation
89
Linux Dictionary
Loadable module (LAN DLL) (NetWare) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAY
Clipart file (Printmaster Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LAY
Word Chart layout (APPLAUSE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBG
Label generator data (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBL
Label (Clipper 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBL
Label (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBL
Label (dBFast) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBM
Bitmap (DeluxePaint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBM
Linear Bitmap graphics (XLib) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBO
Compiled label (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBR
Compressed archive (LU) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBR
Display driver (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBT
Labels (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LBX
Labels (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCF
Linker control file (Norton Guides compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCH
Used in a program (unknown) that monitors a network's response time From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCK
Lockfile (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCL
Punctuation
90
Linux Dictionary
Datafile (FTP) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCN
Lection document (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCS
Data History file (ACT!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LCW
Spreadsheet (Lucid 3−D) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LD
Long distance area codes file (Telix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LD1
Overlay file (dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LDB
Lock file (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LDF
Library definition file (Geoworks Glue) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LDIF
Structured text file used for sharing information between E−Mail clients (Microsoft, Netscape and
others) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LDL
Library (Corel Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LEG
Legacy document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LES
System game profiles (same as REG file) (Logitec Entertainment) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LEV
Level file (NetHack 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LEX
Dictionary file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LFD
Data resource file (LucasArts Dark Forces) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LFP
LaserForms Plus file (Evergreen) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LFT
Laser printer font (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LFT
Punctuation
91
Linux Dictionary
Loft file (3−D Studios) (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LG
Logo procedure definition (LSRHS Logo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LGC
Application log file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LGD
Application log file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LGO
Header and footer logo (SuperFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LGO
Logo file (PaintBrush) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LGO
Startup logo (Microsoft Windows 3.x−9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LHA
Alternate file suffix for LZH From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LHA
Compressed Archive (LHA/LHARC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LHW
Compressed Amiga archive (LHWARP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIB
Library file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIF
Compressed archive (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIF
Logical Interchange data (Hewlett−Packard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIM
Compressed archive (LIMIT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIN
Interactive music sequencing data file (Electronic Arts) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIN
Line type file (DataCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIS
Listing (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIS
Punctuation
92
Linux Dictionary
Output file produced by a Structured Query Reporting (SQR) program From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LIX
Logos library system file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.lj
LaserJet file. Suitable input to a HP LaserJet printer. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LJ
Text file (Hewlett−Packard LaseJet II printer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LK
Database file (OpenSight−16 bit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LKO
Linked object (Microsoft Outlook Express Junkmail file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LL3
Document file (LapLink III) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LLX
Exchange agent (Laplink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LNK
Datafile (Revelation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LNK
Linker response file (RTLink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LNK
Shortcut file (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LOD
Load file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LOG
Log file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.log
Log file of a system service. This file grows with status messages of some system program. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LOK
Compressed file (FileWrangler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LP
A document reader used for downloading mortgage closing information (DesertDocs) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LPC
Printer driver (TEKO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LPD
Punctuation
93
Linux Dictionary
Helix Nuts and Bolts file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LPI
Information file for laser printers (common with some scanning sofware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LRC
Video phone file (Intel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LRF
Linker response file (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LRS
Language resource file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LSF
Logos library system file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LSL
Saved library (Corel Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LSL
Script library (Lotus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.lsm
LINUX Software Map entry. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LSP
AutoLISP, CommonLISP, and other LISP language files From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LSS
Spreadsheet (Legato) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LST
Keyboard macro (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LST
List file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LST
Spool file (Oracle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LTM
Form (Lotus Forms) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LU
Library unit file (ThoughtWing) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LVL
Miner Descent/D2 Level extension (Parallax Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWD
Punctuation
94
Linux Dictionary
Text document (LotusWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWF
Wavelet graphics file (Luratech) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWLO
Layered Object file (Lightwave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWOB
Object file (Lightwave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWP
Wordpro 96/97 file (Lotus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWSC
Scene file (Lightwave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LWZ
Linguistically enhanced sound file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LYR
Layer file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.lyx
LyX word processor document. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZD
Difference file for binaries (Ldiff 1.20) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZH
Compressed archive (LH ARC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZS
Compressed archive (LARC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZS
Data file (Skyroads) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZW
Compressed Amiga archive (LHWARP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.LZX
Compressed archive (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M
Macro module (Brief) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M
Program file (Matlab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M
Punctuation
95
Linux Dictionary
Standard package (Mathematica) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M11
Text file (MASS11) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M1V
MPEG−related file (MIME type 'mpeg') From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M3
source code file (Modula 3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M3D
3D animation (Corel Motion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M3U
MPEG URL (MIME audio file) (MP3 Playlist) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M4
M4 Preprocessor file (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MA3
Macro (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAC
Image (MacPaint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAC
Macro (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAD
Module (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAF
Form (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAG
A graphics format found in some Japanese files From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAG
MAG graphics format created by Woody Lynn (MPS Magro Paint System) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAGIC
Configuration file (Magic Mail Monitor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAI
Mail (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAK
Makefile (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAK
Punctuation
96
Linux Dictionary
Project (Visual Basic or Microsoft C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAM
Macro (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAN
Command module (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.man
Man page. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAN
Manual page output (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Color pallette (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Format data (Micrografx Picture Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Linker map file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Map file (Atlas MapMaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Map file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Map file used for color choices (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
Network map (AccView) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAP
WAD <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213332,00.html> game file (Duke Nukem
3D) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAQ
Query (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAR
Assembly program (VAX Macro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAR
Report (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAS
Graphics file (Lotus Freelance Smartmaster) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAT
Punctuation
97
Linux Dictionary
Binary file (Matlab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAT
Table (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAUD
Sample format (Maud) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAX
3D scene (Kinetix 3D Studio Max) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAX
Document (Paperport) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAX
Layout file (OrCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAX
Source code (MAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAZ
A format use by Division's dVS/dVISE From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MAZ
Maze data file (Hover) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MB
Memo field values for database (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MB1
Data file (Apogee Monster Bash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MBK
Multiple index archive (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MBOX
Mailbox file (Berkeley Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MBX
Extension Microsoft Outlook adds to saved email, Eudora mailboxes From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCC
Calling card (Dialer10) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCC
Configuration file (MathCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCD
Document (MathCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCF
Punctuation
98
Linux Dictionary
Font file (MathCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCF
Magic control file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCI
Command script (Media Control Interface) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCP
Application script (Capsule) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCP
Printer driver (MathCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCP
Project file (Metrowerks CodeWarrior) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCR
Keyboard macro file (DataCad) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCW
Document (Microsoft Word for Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MCW
Text document (MacWrite II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MD
Compressed archive (MDCD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDA
Add−in file (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDA
Workgroup (Microsoft Access version 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDB
Database (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDE
MDE file (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDL
Model (3D Design Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDL
Model file (Quake) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDL
Model file element (Rational Rose) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDL
Punctuation
99
Linux Dictionary
Music module (MOD) (Digital Trakker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDL
Spreadsheet (CA−Compete!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDM
Modem definition (Telix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDN
Blank database template (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDT
Add−in file (Data) (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDT
Data table (Microsoft ILink incremental linker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDW
Workgroup (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDX
Multiple index file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MDZ
Wizard template (Microsoft Access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ME
ASCII text document (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEB
Macro editor bottom overflow library (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MED
Macro editor delete save file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MED
Music module (MOD) (OctaMed Music Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEM
Macro editor macro (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEM
Memory variable save file (Clipper) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEM
Memory variable save file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEM
Memory variable save file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEQ
Punctuation
100
Linux Dictionary
Macro editor print queue file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MER
Format for interchanging spreadsheet/database data; recognized by Filemaker, Excel, and others From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MER
Macro editor resident area (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MES
Macro editor workspace file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MES
Message file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MET
Document file (OmniPage Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MET
Macro editor top overflow file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MET
Presentation Manager metafile From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEU
Menu group (DOS Shell) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEX
Executable command (Matlab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MEX
Macro editor expound file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.mf
Meta−Font font program source file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MF
Metafont text file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MFG
Manufacturing file (Pro/ENGINEER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MGF
A file in a Materials and Geometry Format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MGF
Font file (MicroGrafx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MHT
MHTML document (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MHTM
Punctuation
101
Linux Dictionary
MHTML document (MIME) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MHTML
MHTML document (MIME) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MI
Data file (Cocreate ME10) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MI
Miscellaneous file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIC
Image Composer file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MID
MIDI <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212572,00.html> music From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIF
Interchange format (Adobe FramMaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIFF
Machine Independent File (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MII
Datafile (MicroStat−II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIM
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212575,00.html> A multipart file
in the Multi−Purpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212576,00.html>) format; often
created as the result of sending e−mail with attachments in AOL. The files in a multipart MIM file
can be "opened" (unarchived and separated into individual files) using Winzip or a similar program.
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIME
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212576,00.html> From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIX
Object file (Power C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIX
Package file (Command & Conquer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIX
Picture file (Microsoft PhotoDraw 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIX
Picture file (Microsoft Picture−It!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MIX
Resource archive (Westwood Studios) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
102
Linux Dictionary
.MJF
Audio file similar to MP3 (Mjuice) (Opens with WinAmp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MK
Makefile (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MKE
Makefile (Microsoft Windows SDK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MKI
Graphic Image (MagView 5.0) (Japanese) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MKS
Datafile (TACT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ML3
Project file (Milestones 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MLB
Macro library (Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MLI
A file in 3D Studio's Material−Library format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MLID
Muliple link interface driver file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MLM
Groupwise email file (Novell Groupwise) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MM
Text file (MultiMate Advantage II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMC
Catalog file (Microsoft Clip Gallery 5.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MME
<mim.htm> A multipart file in the Multi−Purpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci212576,00.html>) format; often
created as the result of sending e−mail with attachments in AOL. The files in a multipart MME file
can be "opened" (unarchived and separated into individual files) using Winzip or a similar program.
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMF
Mail file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMF
Mail message file (Microsoft Mail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMF
Meal Master Format, a recipe catologing format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
103
Linux Dictionary
.MMG
Beyond 20/20 table or aggregate data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MML
Bulk mail file (Created by MyMailList) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMM
Multimedia movie (MacroMind Director 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMM
Multimedia movie (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMO
Memo Writer file (RapidFile) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMP
MindManager file (MindMapor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MMP
Output video (Bravado) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MN2
Mission file (Descent2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MN3
Mission file (Descent3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MND
Menu source (AutoCAD Menu Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MND,
MNI Mandelbrot for Windows From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNG
Map (DeLorme Map'n'Go) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNG
Multi−image Network Graphics From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNT
Menu file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNU
Advanced macro (HP NewWave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNU
Interact menu (Intertal Systems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNU
Menu (AutoCAD Menu Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
104
Linux Dictionary
.MNU
Menu (Norton Commander) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNU
Menu file (Visual dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNX
Compiled menu (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNX
Menu (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MNY
Account book (Microsoft Money) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOB
Device definition (PEN for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOD
Amiga/PC tracker module From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOD
FastTracker, StarTrekker, Noise Tracker (etc.) music module file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOD
Kernel module (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOD
Modula−2 source code file (Clarion Modula−2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOD
Spreadsheet (Microsoft Multiplan) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MON
Monitor description (ReadMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOV
Movie (AutoCAD/AutoFlix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOV
Movie (QuickTime for Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MOZ
Zipped (Compressed) mod file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MP2
MPEG Audio Layer 2 file (MIME video file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MP2
MPEG Audio Layer 2 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
105
Linux Dictionary
.MP3
MPEG Audio Layer 3 (AC3) file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MP3
MPEG Audio Layer 3 (AC3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPA
MPEG−related file (MIME type 'mpeg') From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPC
Calendar file (Microsoft Project) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPD
Database file (Microsoft Project) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPE
MPEG animation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPEG
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212601,00.html> From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPEG
animation From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPG
MPEG animation From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPM
Mathplan Macro library (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPP
Drawing file (CAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPP
Project file (Microsoft Project) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPR
Menus (compiled) (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPT
Bitmap graphics (Multipage TIFF) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPV
View file (Microsoft Project) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPX
Compiled menu program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MPX
Exchange file (Microsoft Project) used for exporting data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MRB
Punctuation
106
Linux Dictionary
Multiple resolution bitmap graphics (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MRI
MRI Scan From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MRS
Macro resource file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSA
Archive (Magic Shadow) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSC
Common console document (Microsoft Windows 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSC
Makefile (Microsoft C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSD
Diagnostics report file (Microsoft MSD) (Diagnostics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSDL
Scene Description Language (Manchester) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSG
Mail message (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSI
Installer package (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSN
Mission File (Descent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSN
Network document (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSP
Paint bitmap (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSP
Windows Installer patch file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSS
Manuscript text file (Jove) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSS
Manuscript text file (MINCE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSS
Manuscript text file (Perfect Writer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSS
Punctuation
107
Linux Dictionary
Manuscript text file (Scribble) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MST
Minispecification file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MST
Setup script (Microsoft SDK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MST
Windows Installer transform From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSW
Text file (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MSX
Compressed CP/M archive (MSX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MTH
Math file (Derive) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MTM
Music module (MOD) (Multitracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MTW
Datafile (Minitab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MTX
Twain device driver (32 bit)(UMax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MU
Menu (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MUL
Online game called Ultima online From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MUS
Interactive music audio data file (Electronic Arts) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MUS
Music (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MUS
Music (MusicTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MUS10
Audio (Mus10) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MV
Server−side script file (Miva) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVA
Punctuation
108
Linux Dictionary
Video accelerator file (Matrox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVB
Multimedia Viewer file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVC
Image file (Sony Digital Mavica) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVE
Interplay video file (Descent2, Fallout2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVF
Stop frame file (AutoCAD−AutoFlix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVI
Movie command file (AutoCAD−AutoFlix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MVW
Log file (Saber LAN) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MWF
Animation (ProMotion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MWP
Smartmaster file (Lotus WordPro 97) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MXD
Map file (ArcInfo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MXT
Datafile (Microsoft C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.MYP
Presentation file (Make Your Point) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.M_U
Hard Drive Boot sector backup (MazeGold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NAN
Nanoscope files (Raw Grayscale) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NAP
Metafile (NAP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NAP
Video file (EnerGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NB
Text file (Nota Bene) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NC
Punctuation
109
Linux Dictionary
Instructions for numerical control machine (CAMS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NCB
Developer Studio file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NCC
CNC (Computer Numeric Control) file (CamView 3D) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NCD
Change directory (Norton) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NCF
Command File (Netware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NCF
Internal clipboard (Lotus Notes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NDB
Network database (Intellicom) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NDO
3D low−polygon modeler (Nendo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NDX
Database file (1ACT! for Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NDX
Index file (Cindex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NDX
Index file (dBase II−III−IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NEO
Raster graphics (Atari Neochrome) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NES
Emulator ROMS for game console (Nintendo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NET
Netlist output file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NET
Network configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.netCDF
Network Common Data Form From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NEW
New info From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NEZ
Punctuation
110
Linux Dictionary
Emulator file used for game consoles (NES) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NFF
Neutral File Format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NFO
Info file database text From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NFO
Infobase file (Folio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NFT
Template file (Netobject Fusion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NG
Online documentation database (Norton Guide) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NIL
Icon Library file (EasyIcons−compatible) (Norton) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NIST
Audio (NIST Sphere) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NLB
Data (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NLM
Loadable Module (Netware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NLS
National Language Support file used for localization
<http://searchCIO.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid19_gci212496,00.html> (for example, by
Uniscape <http://www.uniscape.com/index.shtml>) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NLU
E−Mail Trigger file (Norton LiveUpdate) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NLX
Form (FormWorx 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NOD
File (Netobject Fusion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NP
Project schedule (Nokia Planner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NP
Project schedule (Visual Planner 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NPI
Punctuation
111
Linux Dictionary
Source for interpreter (dBase Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NRF
Data file (NICOLET) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NRG
Image file (Nero) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NS2
Database (Lotus Notes version 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NS3
Database (Lotus Notes version 3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NS4
Database (Lotus Notes version 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NSF
Database (Lotus Notes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NSO
Document file (NetObject Fusion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NST
Music module (MOD) (Noise Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NT
Startup files (Microsoft Windows NT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NTF
Database template (Lotus Notes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NTR
Executable ASCII text file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NTS
Executable ASCII text file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NTS
Tutorial (Norton) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NTX
Index file (CA−Clipper) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NUF
Message for new users (1st call) (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NWC
Song file (Noteworthy Composer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NWS
Punctuation
112
Linux Dictionary
News message (MIME RFC822) (Microsoft Outlook Express) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.NXT
Sound file (NeXT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.O
Object file (Atari) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.O
Object file (GCC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.O
Object file (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.O$$
Outfile (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OAS
Word processor document (Fujitsu OAS)(Japanese) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OAZ
Fax (NetFax Manager) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OB
Object cut/paste file (IBM LinkWay) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBD
Binder (Microsoft Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBD
Binder template (Microsoft Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBJ
Object file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBR
Object browser data file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBS
Script (ObjectScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBV
Visual interface (ObjectScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OBZ
Binder Wizard (Microsoft Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OCF
Object craft file (Object Craft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OCR
Punctuation
113
Linux Dictionary
Transcribed fax−to−text file (FAXGrabber) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ODL
Type library source (Visual C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ODS
Mailbox file (Microsoft Outlook Express) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OFD
Form definition (ObjectView) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OFF
Object File (3D Mesh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OFN
FileNew file (Microsoft Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OFT
Template (Microsoft Outlook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OKR
Feldeinteilung module file (3−D Fassade Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OKT
Music module (MOD) (Oktalyzer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLB
Object Library (OLE) (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLB
Object library (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLD
Backup file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLE
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci214126,00.html> Object Linking and
Embedding (OLE) custom control (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLE
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci214126,00.html> OLE object From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OLI
Text file (Olivetti) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OO1
Voice file (Typhoon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OOGL
Object Oriented Graphics Library From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
114
Linux Dictionary
.OOM
Swap file (Shroom) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPJ
Project file (Orcad Schematic Capture) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPL
Organiser Programming Language source file (Psion/Symbian) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPN
Active options (Exact) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPO
Output executable file (OPL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPT
Developer Studio file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPT
Optimize support file (QEMM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPW
Organization chart (Org Plus for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPX
Extension DLL (OPL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OPX
Inactive options (Exact) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OR2
Calendar file (Lotus Organizer 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OR3
Lotus Organizer 97 file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ORA
Configuration file (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ORA
Parameter file (Oracle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ORC
Script (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ORG
Calendar file (Lotus Organizer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OSS
Search file (Microsoft Office) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
115
Linux Dictionary
.OST
Offline file (Microsoft Exchange/Outlook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OTL
Outline font description (Z−Soft Type Foundry) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OTL
Template file (PrintMaster Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OTL
Template file (Super NoteTab) (Fookes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OTX
Text file (Olivetti Olitext Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OUT
Output file (Microsoft C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OV
Database file (Revelation−DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OV1
Overlay file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OV2
Overlay file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OVD
Datafile (ObjectVision) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OVL
Overlay file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.OVR
Overlay file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P
Application parameter file (ReaGeniX code generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P
Picture file (APPLAUSE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P
Source code (Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P10
Plot 10 drawing (Tektronics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P16
16 Channel Music file (ProTracker 16) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P22
Patch file (Patch 22) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P3
Punctuation
116
Linux Dictionary
Project Planner file (Primavera) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P65
Document file (PageMaker 6.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.P7C
Digital ID file (MIME) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PA1
Worktable (PageAhead) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAB
Personal Address Book (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAC
Image (Stad) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAC
Package file (Sound Blaster Studio II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAD
Keypad definition (Telemate) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAK
Compressed archive (PAK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAK
WAD <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213332,00.html> file (Quake) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAL
A compressed file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAL
Color palette (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAN
Printer specific file (CorelDRAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAQ
Password encrypted zip file (Hewlett−Packard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAR
Parameter file (Fractint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAR
Parts application (Digitalk PARTS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAR
Permanent output file (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAS
Punctuation
117
Linux Dictionary
Source code file (Borland Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAT
exePatch utility used for Warcraft2 (WarHack) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAT
Hatch pattern file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAT
Patch file (Advanced Gravis Ultrasound/Forte Technologies) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PAT
Pattern file (CorelDRAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pattern
colors From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PB
Fax (FAXability Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PB
Phone book (WinFax Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PB
Setup file (PixBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PB1
Document (First Publisher for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBA
Source code file (Powerbasic BASIC) (Genus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBD
Dynamic library, an alternative to a native
<http://searchVB.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid8_gci212624,00.html> DLL
<http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci213902,00.html> (PowerBuilder) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBD
Phone book (FaxNOW!−Faxit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBF
Turtle Beach Pinnacle Bank File From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBI
Include file (PowerBasic) (Genus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBI
Profiler binary input file (Microsoft Source Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBK
Microsoft Phonebook From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
118
Linux Dictionary
.PBL
Library file used in a development environment (PowerBuilder) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBL
PowerBasic library (Genus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pbm
PBM image file format. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBM
Planar bitmap graphic (XLib) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBM
Portable bitmap graphic From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBO
Profiler binary output (Microsoft Source Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBR
Resource file (PowerBuilder) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PBT
Profiler binary table (Microsoft Source Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PC
Text file (IBM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PC3
Custom palette (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PC8
Ascii text IBM8 character set (NewWave Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCB
Application data file (Microsoft Powerpoint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCC
Cutout picture vector graphics (PC Paintbrush) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCD
Image (Kodak Photo−CD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCD
P−Code compiled test scripts as in Microsoft Test and Microsoft Visual Test From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCE
Maps Eudora mailbox names to DOS filenames From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pcf
PCF image file−−intermediate representation for fonts. X Window System font. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
119
Linux Dictionary
.PCF
Profiler command file (Microsoft Source Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCH
Patch file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCH
Precompiled header file (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCI
PCI Miniport file (Microsoft Windows System file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCJ
Multimedia authoring tool graphics (IBM Linkaway−Live) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCK
Pickfile (Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCL
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci214283,00.html> From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCM
Audio file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCM
PCM file (OKI MSM6376 Sythesizer Chip) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCP
Live Update Pro file (Symantec) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCS
Animation (PICS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCS
Picture storage file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCT
PICT drawing (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCW
Text file (PC Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PCX
PC Paintbrush bitmap (ZSoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pcx
PCX image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDA
Bitmap graphics From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDB
Punctuation
120
Linux Dictionary
Data file (TACT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDB
Database file (3Com PalmPilot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDB
Physical model backup file (PowerDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDD
Graphic image that can be opened with Paint Shop Pro and Adobe PhotoDeluxe From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDF
<http://searchMobileComputing.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid40_gci214288,00.html> Portable
Document file (Adobe Acrobat) (displayable with a Web browser) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDF
Definition File From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pdf
Formatted document similar to PostScript or dvi. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDF
Graphics file (ED−SCAN 24bit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDF
Printer Definition File (Netware) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDL
Project description language file (Borland C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDM
Physical model file (PowerDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDP
Print Shop Deluxe file (Broderbund) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDQ
Flowcharting PDQ Lite file (Patton&Patton) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDS
Hardware assembly source code file (Pldasm) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDS
Photographic image file (origin not yet identified) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDT
Database file (ProCite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDV
Printer driver (Paintbrush) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDW
Punctuation
121
Linux Dictionary
Document (Professional Draw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PDX
Database index file (ProCite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PE3
Image archive file (QuickViewer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PE3
Image archive file (Ulead PhotoImpact) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PE4
Image archive file (Ulead PhotoImpact v.4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PEB
Program Editor bottom overflow file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PED
Program Editor delete save file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PEM
Program Editor macro (WordPerfect for Windows library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PEQ
Program Editor print queue file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PER
Program Editor resident area file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PES
Program Editor work space file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PET
Program Editor top overflow file (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PF
Encrypted file (Alladin Systems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFA
Type 3 font (ASCII) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFB
Type 1 font (binary) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pfb
X Window System font file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFC
Personal filing cabinet file (AOL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFC
Punctuation
122
Linux Dictionary
PF Component file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFC
Text file (First Choice) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFF
Paraform file for 3D modeling (Scandata) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFK
Programmable function keys (XTreePro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFM
Printer Font Metrics (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFS
Database text file (PFS:Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PFT
Printer font (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PG
Page cut/paste file (IBM LinkWay) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGI
Printer graphics file device driver (PGRAPH Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGL
Plotter drawing (Hewlett−Packard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGM
Portable Graymap (bitmap) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGM
Program file (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGN
Portable game notation file (ChessMaster and others) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGP
PGP encrypted file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PGS
Manual page (man4dos) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PH
Optimized .goh file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PH
Perl header file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PH
Punctuation
123
Linux Dictionary
Phrase−table (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PH
Temporary file generated by Microsoft Help Compiler From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHN
Phone list (QmodemPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHN
Phone list (UltraFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHO
Phone database (Metz Phone for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHP
<http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci334246,00.html> HTML page
that includes a PHP
<http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci334246,00.html> script From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.php
PHP program source code (used for web page design). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHP3
HTML page that includes a PHP
<http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci334246,00.html> script From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHR
Phrases (LocoScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHTML
HTML page that includes a PHP
<http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci334246,00.html> script From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PHTML
perl <http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci214291,00.html>−parsed
HTML From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PI1
Low resolution picture file (Dages Elite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PI2
Medium resolution picture file (Dages Elite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PI3
High resolution picture file (Dages Elite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIC
3D Image file (SoftImage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIC
Bitmap (PC Paint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
124
Linux Dictionary
.PIC
PICT drawing (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIC
Picture file (Lotus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIC
Pixar picture file (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PICT
PICT image file (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIF
Compressed archive (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIF
PIF drawing (IBM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIF
Program Information File From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIF
Vector graphics GDF file (IBM Mainframe) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIG
WAD file (Lucas Arts Dark Forces
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213332,00.html>) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIN
Data file (Epic Pinball) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIN
Data file (Epic Pinball) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIX
Alias image file (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PIX
Bitmap (Inset Systems) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PJ
Project file (CA−SuperProject) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PJ
Source Integrity file (MKS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PJT
Visual FoxPro memo file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PJT
Punctuation
125
Linux Dictionary
Visual Foxpro Project (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PJX
Visual FoxPro project file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PK
Packed bitmap font file (TeX DVI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PKA
Compressed file archive (PKARC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PKG
Developer Studio application extension (similar to a DLL file) (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PKG
Installer script (NEXT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PKR
Public Keyring (PGP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PKT
Packet file (Fidonet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL
Interleaf printerleaf (or WorldView) format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL
Palette (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.pl
Perl or Prolog program source code. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL
Property list font metric file (TeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL
Source code file (Perl) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL
Source code file (Prolog) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL1
Room plan (3D Home Architect) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PL3
Chart palette (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLB
Library file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLC
Punctuation
126
Linux Dictionary
Add−in file (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLG
A format use by REND386/AVRIL From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLI
Data description file (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLL
Pre−linked library file (Clipper 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLM
Module (DisorderTracker2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLN
Spreadsheet (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLR
Pilot file (Descent 1−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLS
MPEG PLayList file (used by WinAmp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLS
Sample file (DisorderTracker2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLT
Drawing (HPGL Plotter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLT
Palette (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLT
Plot drawing (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLT
Pre−linked transfer file (Clipper 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLT
Sign−making software (Gerber Optical) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLY
Data file (PopMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PLY
Presentation screen (Harvard Spotlight) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM
Bitmap graphics (Presentation Manager) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM
Punctuation
127
Linux Dictionary
Module (Perl) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM3
Document (PageMaker 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM4
Document (PageMaker 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM5
Document (PageMaker 5.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PM6
Document (PageMaker 6.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PMC
Graphics (A4TECH Scanner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PMM
Program file (Amaris BTX/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PN3
Printer device driver (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNG
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci214307,00.html> Bitmap (Portable
Network Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNG
Bitmap file (MacroMedia FireWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNG
Browser catalogue (Paint Shop Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNM
Portable aNY Map graphics (PBM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNT
Graphic file (MacPaint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNT
Pen Table plotting file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNT
QWK reader pointer file (MarkMail 2.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PNTG
Same as PNT file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POG
PIG file extension (Descent2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POH
Punctuation
128
Linux Dictionary
Optimized .goh file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POL
3D polygonal modeling file (Innovmetric) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POL
Windows NT <http://searchWin2000.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid1_gci213368,00.html> Policy
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POP
Message index (PopMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POP
Popup file (Visual dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POT
PowerPoint template (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POV
Persistence of Vision file (Ray−Tracer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.POW
Chord chart (PowerChords) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PP
Compressed Amiga archive (POWERPACKER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PP4
Bitmap (Picture Publisher 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPA
PowerPoint Add−in (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPB
Button bar for print preview (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPD
PostScript Printer definition file specification (Adobe Acrobat v.4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPF
Pinnacle Program File (Turtle Beach) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPI
Graphics file (Microsoft PowerPoint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPL
PolaroidPalettePlus ColorKey device driver (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPM
Portable Pixelmap bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPO
Punctuation
129
Linux Dictionary
Pre−processed output file (Clipper 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPP
Desktop publishing default output file (Serif PagePlus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPP
Document or finished project (Parson Power Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPS
PowerPoint slide show (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPS
Storyboard (Personal Producer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PPT
PowerPoint presentation (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PQB
Master boot backup file (PowerQuest BootMagic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PQI
Drive image file (PowerQuest) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PR2
Presentation (Aldus Persuasion 2.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PR2
Printer driver (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PR3
Postscript printer driver (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PR3
Presentation (Aldus Persuasion 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRC
Resource (text or program) file (3com PalmPilot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRD
Printer driver (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRE
Presentation (Lotus Freelance) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRE
Settings (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRE
Settings (Programmer's WorkBench) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRF
Punctuation
130
Linux Dictionary
Output file (Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRF
Pixel Run Format graphics (Improces−Fastgraph) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRF
Printer driver (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRF
Settings file (Macromedia Director) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRF
System file (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRG
Program file (WAVmaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRG
Program source files (Atari) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRG
Program source files (dBase IV, Clipper 5, and Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRI
Printer definitions (LocoScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Printer
Control Language file (printer−ready bitmap) (Hewlett−Packard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRJ
Project file (3D Studio) (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRM
Parameter file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRN
Print Table (space delimited text) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRN
Printer driver (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRN
Text file (Lotus 1−2−3−Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRN
Windows Printer file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRO
Configuration file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRO
Punctuation
131
Linux Dictionary
Graphics profile file (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRO
Project file (Terramodel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRO
Source code file (Prolog) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRP
Data conversion saved project file (Oberon Prospero) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRS
Presentation file (Harvard Graphics for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRS
Printer resource font file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRS
Procedure file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRT
A print−formatted file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRT
Part file (CADkey) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRT
Part file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRT
Printer driver (Dr. Halo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRV
Internet provider template file (psiMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRX
Compiled program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PRZ
Graphics file (Lotus Freelance 97) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PS
Postscript <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212814,00.html>−formatted file (a
Postscript printer−ready file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ps
PostScript file, for printing or viewing. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSB
Sound Bank file (Pinnacle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
132
Linux Dictionary
.PSD
Bitmap (Adobe Photoshop) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSE
Bitmap graphics (IBM printer Page SEgment) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSF
Outline PostScript printer font (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSI
A−law audio file (psion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSM
Sound data file (Epic Pinball) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSM
Studio module (ProTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSM
Symbol table of IDE (Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSP
Image file (PaintShop Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSP
Procedure (Prodea Synergy) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PSR
Report file (PowerSoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PST
Personal Folder File (Microsoft Outlook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PT3
Device driver (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PT3
Template (PageMaker 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PT4
Template (PageMaker 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTB
Script file (PubTech BatchWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTB
Table file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTD
Table file (Pro/ENGINEER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
133
Linux Dictionary
.PTL
Petal file (ASCII version of Microsoft Visual Modeler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTM
Macro (PubTech BatchWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTM
Music module (MOD) (Polytracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PTR
QWK reader pointer file (QMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PUB
Document (Microsoft Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PUB
Public key ring file (PGP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PUB
Publication (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PUD
Map file (WarCraftII) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PUT
Compressed archive (PUT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PVD
Script file (Instalit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PVL
Library file (Instalit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PVT
Local pointlist (Fidonet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PW
Text file (Professional Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PWD
Word document (Microsoft Pocket) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PWL
Password list file (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PWP
Image file (a roll of film viewed using Photoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PWP
Text document (Professional WritePlus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
134
Linux Dictionary
.PWZ
PowerPoint wizard (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PX
Primary database index (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PXL
Pocket Excel spreadsheet (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PY
python <http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci213538,00.html> Script
file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.py
Python program source code. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PY
Saved emessages (YAHOO) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PYC
python <http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci213538,00.html>
Compiled script file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZD
Default settings (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZO
Overlay file (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZP
Palette (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZS
Settings (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZT
Transfer file (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.PZX
Swap file (Pizazz Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QAD
Document (PF QuickArt) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QAG
Quick Access Group data file (Norton Desktop) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QAP
Application file (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QBE
Punctuation
135
Linux Dictionary
Saved query (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QBE
Saved Query (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QBO
Compiled query (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QBS
Program file (Microsoft QuickBasic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QBW
Spreadsheet data (QuickBooks for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QCP
Voice file (Qualcomm Pure Voice) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD0
Data file−segment 10 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD1
Data file segment 1 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD2
Data file segment 2 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD3
Data file segment 3 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD3D
QuickDraw 3D Metafile (Apple) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD4
Data file segment 4 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD5
Data file segment 5 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD6
Data file segment 6 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD7
Data file segmnet 7 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD8
Data file segment 8 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QD9
Data file segment 9 (Omnis Quartz) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QDF
Punctuation
136
Linux Dictionary
Data file (Quicken) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QDK
Backup of startup files (QEMM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QDT
Data file from the Quicken UK Accountancy/Tax/Invoice program (QuickBooks) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QDV
Graphics file (Steve Blackstock Giffer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QEF
Query file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QEL
Electronic library file (Quicken) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QFL
Document (FAMILY LAWYER) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QFX
Fax (QuickLink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QIC
Backup file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QIF
Image (MIME)(QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QIF
Import file (Quicken) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QLB
Library file (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QLB
Library file (Quick) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QLC
Data (PostScript help file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QLP
Printer driver (QuickLink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QM
Motion file (Quality) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QM4
Option or services file (QMail 4.x Mail Door) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QPR
Punctuation
137
Linux Dictionary
Generated query program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QPR
Print queue device driver (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QPX
Compiled query program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QQT
Qardware definition file (Quick Qard Technology) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRP
Report builder file (Centura) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRP
Report file (Liberty for Windows 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRS
Equation Editor support file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRT
QRT graphics file (Ray Tracer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRY
Query (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QRY
Query (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QSD
Datafile (Quicken) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QST
Tab file (Quake Spy) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QT
Movie file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTI
Image file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTIF
Image file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTM
Movie file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTP
Preferences file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTS
Punctuation
138
Linux Dictionary
Image file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTS
PICT image file (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QTX
Image file (QuickTime) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QW
Write program file (Symantec Q&A) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QWK
Message file (QWK Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QXD
Data file (Quark Xpress) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QXL
Element library (Quark Xpress) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.QXT
Template file (Quark Xpress) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.R
Ratfor file (FORTRAN Preprocessor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.R
Resource file (Pegasus Mail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.R8
Raw graphics (One byte per pixel) plane one (PicLab) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.R8P
Pcl 4 bitmap font (Intellifont) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RA
Sound file (RealAudio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAD
Radar data file (Radar ViewPoint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAM
Metafile (RealAudio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAO
ReadAllOver (YOUniverse) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAR
RAR compressed archive (Eugene Roshall's format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAS
Punctuation
139
Linux Dictionary
Bitmap (Sun Raster Images) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAT
Datafile (RATS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAW
Raw File Format (bitmap) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAW
Raw signed PCM data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RAW
Raw signed PCM data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RBF
Datafile (Rbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RBH
Maintained by RoboHELP, the RBH file adds to the information contained in the Help project file
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RC
Configuration file (emacs) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RC
Resource script (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RC
Resource script (Micosoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RCG
Newsgroup file (Netscape) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RD1
Registered level file (Descent1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDF
Compiled UIC source code (Geoworks UI Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDF
Research document information format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDF
Resource Description Framework file (related to XML
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci213404,00.html> and metadata
<http://searchDatabase.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid13_gci212555,00.html>) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDI
Device−independent bitmap file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDL
Punctuation
140
Linux Dictionary
Registered Level file (Descent) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RDX
Datafile (Reflex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REC
Datafile (EpiInfo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REC
Record file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REC
Recorded macro (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REC
Voice file (RapidComm) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RED
Path information file (Clarion Modula−2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REF
Reference file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REG
OLE registration file (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REG
Registration file (Corel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REG
Registration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.related
data files for multiple users of a small−scale PC application From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REM
Remarks file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REP
Reply file (QWK Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REP
Report file (CodeReporter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REP
Report file (DataBoss) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REP
Report file (Report Designer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REP
Punctuation
141
Linux Dictionary
Report file (Visual dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REQ
Request file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RES
Compiled resource file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RES
Resource file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RES
Resource file (Microsoft Visual C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REV
Revision file (GeoWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REX
Report definition (Oracle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REX
Source code file (REXX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.REZ
Resource file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RF
Raster graphics file (Sun) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RFT
Revisable Form Text (part of IBM's DCA or Document Content Architecture) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RGB,SGI
RGB files (Silicon Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RGX
Symbol tables (ReaGeniX code generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RH
Resource header file (Borland C++ 4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RI
Data file (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIB
Graphics in Renderman format (3DReality) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIC
Fax document (Ricoh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIF
Punctuation
142
Linux Dictionary
Image file (Metacreations Painter 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIF
RIFF bitmap graphics (Fractal Design Painter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIP
Graphics (remote access) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RIX
Bitmap graphics (ColorRIX VGA Paint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RL1
Regestered level file (Descent1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RL2
Registered level file (Descent2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RL4
Bitmap graphics file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RL8
Bitmap graphics file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RLA
Wavefront raster image (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RLB
Data file (Harvard Graphics Win 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RLC
Graphics file (1 bit per pixel scanner output file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RLE
Run−Length Encoded bitmap (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RLZ
Realizer source code file (CA−Realizer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RM
Video file (RealAudio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RMD
Document (Microsoft RegMaid) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RMF
Rich Map Format (used by 3−D game editors to store a map) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RMF
Rich music format (Beatnik) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RMI
Punctuation
143
Linux Dictionary
MIDI music From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RMK
Makefile (Clipper RMake) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RN
Xpl Program file (Nota Bene) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RND
Rendering slide (AutoCAD−AutoShade) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RNO
Runoff file (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ROL
FM music Adlib Music file (Roland) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ROM
Cartridge−based home video game emulator file (exact copy of ROM contents in cartridges from
Atari 2600, Colecovision, Sega, Nintendo, etc.; not interchangeable between emulators) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ROV
Data file (Rescue Rover) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RPD
Database (RapidFire) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RPL
Text document (Replica) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RPL
Video file (Tomb Raider) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RPM
Package Manager (RedHat Linux) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.rpm
RedHat Package Manager rpm file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RPT
Crystal Reports file ( and a sub−set of Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RRS
Saved game file (Ace Road Rash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RS
Datafile (Amiga Resource Reassembler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RSB
Red Storm bitmap (Rainbow 6 (Game) and several image editing programs) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RSC
Punctuation
144
Linux Dictionary
Resource file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RSL
Paradox 7 reports (Broderland) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RSM
Resume file (WinWay Resume Writer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RSP
Response file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RS_
Resourse fork file (Macintosh Mac−ette) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTF
<http://searchExchange.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid43_gci214276,00.html> Rich Text Format
document From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTF
Help file script (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTK
Used by RoboHELP to simulate the search feature of Windows help From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTL
Run Time library (NU 7.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTL
Text file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTM
Music module (MOD) (Real Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTP
Software update package data file (RTpatch) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTS
RoboHELP to speed complex operations From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTS
RTSL document (RealAudio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RTS
Runtime library file (CA−Realizer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RUL
Extension used in InstallShield From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RUN
Compiled output p−code file (Softworks basic compiler) (SoftworksLtd) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RVP
Punctuation
145
Linux Dictionary
Scan Configuration file (MIME) (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RVW
Review file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RWS
Resource Workshop data file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RWX
Script file (RenderWare) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.RXX
RAR compressed files from a multi−volume archive (xx = a number from 01 to 99) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.S
Assembler source code (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.S
Source code file (Scheme) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.S$$
Temporary sort file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.S3I
Instrument file (Scream Tracker v 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.S3M
16 channel music file (Scream Tracker v 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAI
Encrypted video file (Integrated Sensors) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAL
Datafile (SORITEC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAM
Document (AMI Professional) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAM
Signed 8bit sample data file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAR
Compressed archive (SAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAV
Backup file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAV
Configuration file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SAV
Punctuation
146
Linux Dictionary
Saved game file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SB
Raw Signed Byte (8bit) audio data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SB!
Locking file (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBD
Data definition file (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBD
Storyboard data file (Storyboard Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBF
File data (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBI
Instrument file (Creative Labs SoundBlaster) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBK
Bank file (Soundblaster)/EMU SoundFont v1.x (Creative Labs Soundfont 1.0) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBL
Flash object (ShockWave) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBP
Dml program file (Superbase 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBP
Program file (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBQ
Query definition file (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBR
Support file (Source Browser) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBT
Notes related to record data (Superbase 4 for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SBV
Form definition file (Superbase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC
Display driver (Framework II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC
Pal script (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC2
Punctuation
147
Linux Dictionary
SAS catalog (Windows 95/NT, OS/2, Mac) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC2
Schedule+ 7.0 file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC3
Renamed dBase III screen mask file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC3
Saved game file (SIMM City 3000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC3
Screen device driver (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SC4
Level file (Roller Coaster Tycoon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCA
Datafile (SCA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCC
Source Safe file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCC
Text file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCD
Datafile (Microsoft Schedule+ 7.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCD
Object description language graphics (Scodl Scan Conversion) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCD
Slide image (Matrix/Imapro SCODL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCF
Command file (Microsoft Windows Explorer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCF
Multimedia show (ScoreMaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCF
Spell checker configuration file (Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCH
Datafile (Microsoft Schedule+ 7.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCH
Schematics file (ORCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCI
Punctuation
148
Linux Dictionary
Fax document (SciFAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCI
Inspire native format (ScanVec) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCI
System configuration information file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCM
Scheme source code file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCM
Video game console ROM emulater file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCN
Scene data file (TrueSpace2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCN
Screen file (Kermit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCO
High score file (Generic game file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCP
Dial−Up Networking Script From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCP
Script file (BITCOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Debug source code (DOS Debug) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Fax image (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Screen font file (LocoScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Screen snapshot file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Screen snapshot file (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCR
Screensaver file (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCT
CT bitmap (Scitex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCT
Punctuation
149
Linux Dictionary
FoxPro forms (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCT
SAS catalog (Dos) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCT01
SAS catalog (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCV
CASmate Native format (ScanVec) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCX
Bitmap graphics (ColorRIX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCX
Chart (Stanford Chart) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCX
FoxPro forms (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCX
Screen file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SCY
Security file (ReaGeniX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SD
Audio (Sound Designer I) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SD2
Flattened file/data fork (Sound Designer II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SD2
SAS database (Windows 95/NT OS/2, Mac) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDA
File archive description (Fidonet Software Distribution Network) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDC
Spreadsheet (Staroffice)(StarCalc) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDD
Presentation file (Staroffice)(Starimpress) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDF
System Data File Format − legacy Unisys (Sperry) format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDI
Software distribution network information file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDK
Punctuation
150
Linux Dictionary
Floppy disk image (Roland) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDL
Library file (SmartDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDN
Software distribution network compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDP
Datafile (Cocreate SolidDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDPC
Datafile (Cocreate SolidDesigner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDR
Drawing (SmartDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDS
Raw Midi Sample Dump Standard file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDT
Template (SmartDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDV
Semicolon Divided Values file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDW
Graphic file (Lotus WordPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDW
Raw Signed DWord (32bit) data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SDX
Midi Sample Dump Standard files compacted by SDX From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEA
Self−expanding archive (used by Stuffit for Mac files and possibly by others) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEC
Secret key ring file (PGP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEC
Secured animation file (Disney Animation Studio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SED
Screen editor script files (SED) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEL
Data file (Copy Books) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEP
Punctuation
151
Linux Dictionary
Printer seperator page (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEP
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEQ
Animation file (Atari) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEQ
Sequential instruction file (Bubble Chamber) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SES
Session file (Cool Edit) (common digital audio editor file ) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SES
Session information file (Clarion Modula−2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SESSION
Internet Security Scanner file (ISS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SET
Configuration file (1st Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SET
Install driver sets (Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SET
Setup option file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SET
Voice set files (Quartet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SEW
Sewing program file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SF
SoundFile format (IrCam) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SF
Wps attribute storage file (OS/2 WorkPlace Shell) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SF2
Bank file (Creative Labs Soundfont 2.0)(Soundblaster) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SF2
SoundFont file (EMU version 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFD
Sound File Data (SoundStage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFI
Punctuation
152
Linux Dictionary
Graphics file (SIS Framegrabber) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFI
Printer font file (Hewlett−Packard Laser Jet Landscape) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFI
Printer font file (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFI
Sound File Info (SoundStage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFK
Sound file (Sonic Foundry) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFL
Pcl 4 bitmap font (Intellifont) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFL
Pcl 4 bitmap font (LandScape) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFL
Pcl 4 bitmap font (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFN
Font file (SPX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFP
Pcl bitmap font (Intellifont) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFP
Pcl bitmap font (Portrait) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFP
Pcl bitmap font (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFR
Sample Resource (Sonic Foundry) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFS
Pcl 5 scalable font file (Intellifont) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFT
Screen font (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFW
Mangled JPEG (Seattle Filmworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SFX
Self−extracting archive (RAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SG
Punctuation
153
Linux Dictionary
Image file (SnapGraphix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SG1
Graphics file (Stanford Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGF
Document w/graphics (StarWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGF
Graphics file (Sonique) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGI
Graphics file (IRIS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGI
Graphics file (Silicon Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGML
Standard Generalized Markup Language From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.sgml
Standard Generalized Markup Language. Used to create documents to be converted to many different
formats. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGP
Statistics file (STATGRAPHICS Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SGT
Save/Get keyboard macro (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SH
ASCii archive (Unix/SHAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.sh
sh shell script. From Rute−Users−Guide It can be interpreted by any Bourne compatible shell.
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SH
Shell script (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SH3
Presentaion file (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHB
Document shortcut file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHB
Presentation (Corel Show) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHG
Bitmap (HotSpot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHK
Punctuation
154
Linux Dictionary
Compressed Apple archive (SHRINKIT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHK
Compressed archive (Arthurian Shrink Archiver) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHM
Shell macro (WordPerfect for Windows Library) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHN
Audio compression file (Shorten) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHP
DOS shapes file (3D Studios) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHP
File format used by some programs for 3D modeling of multipart interactive triangle models From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHP
Shapefile spatial data format (used by many GIS programs) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHP
Source code and shape file for text fonts (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHR
File archive (Unix ASCii) (SHAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHS
Shell scrap file; reportedly used to send "password stealers" From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHTML
HTML file containing Server Side Includes (SSI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHW
Presentation (Corel Show) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHW
Presentation (Harvard Graphics 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHW
Slide Show (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHX
Shape entities (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SHX
Shapefile spatial index file (ArcView) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIF
Setup installation files (Microsoft Windows NT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIG
Punctuation
155
Linux Dictionary
Current program settings (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIG
Signature file (PopMail) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIK
Backup files (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIK
Backup files (Sicherungskopie) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIT
Compressed archive of Mac files (Stuffit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SIZ
Configuration file (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SKA
Secret Keyring file (PGP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SKF
Drawing file (AutoSketch) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SKL
Resource file (Macromedia Director) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SL
Save Layout extension (PACT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SL
Source code file (S−Lang) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLB
Slide Library File (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLC
Compiled SALT script (Telix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLD
Slide File (AutoCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLI
Slide file (MAGICorp Slide Service) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLK
Symbolic link spreadsheet (SLYK) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLL
Sound data file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SLT
Punctuation
156
Linux Dictionary
Script application language (SALT) (Telix script source) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SM
Maillist (SoftSpoken Mailer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SM
Script file (ScriptMaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SM
Source code file (Smalltalk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SM
Text file (Samna Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SM3
Symbol file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMD
Video game console ROM emulator file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMF
Fax document (SMARTFAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMK
Image file (Deer's Revenge) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMK
Image file (Nascar Racing '99) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMK
Image file (Smack Player) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMM
Macro (AMI Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMP
Sample file (AdLib Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMP
Samplevision format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMS
Emulator ROM image file (8−bit Sega Master System) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMT
SmartObject file (IconAuthor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SMT
Text file (Smart Ware II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SND
Punctuation
157
Linux Dictionary
Raw unsigned PCM data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SND
Sample (AKAI MPC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SND
Sound file (NeXt) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SND
Sound resource (Macintosh) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNDR
Sound file (Sounder) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNDT
Sound file (SndTool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNG
Midi song file (Midisoft Studio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNG
Midi song file (Prism) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNM
Mailbox (mail folder) index (Netscape) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNO
Source code file (Snobol4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SNP
Output video file (Computer Eyes) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SO
Shared library file (Unix)(equivalent to a Windows DLL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.so
Shared object file. lib*.so is a Dynamically Linked Library. [Executable program code shared by
more than one program to save disk space and memory.] From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SOL
Solution file (Common used with game examples,tutorials) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SOM
Network serial numbers (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SOM
Sort information files (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SON
Song file (Creative Labs SoundBlaster Studio II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
158
Linux Dictionary
.SOU
Sound file (Creative Labs SoundBlaster Studio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SP
Compressed archive for Unix (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SP4
Saved game (Roller Coaster Tycoon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPC
Program file (Microsoft MultiPlan) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPC
Temporary file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPD
Data file (Speech) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPD
Scalable font (Harvard Graphics 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPD
Scalable font (Speedo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.spd
Speedo X Window System font file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPF
Slide presentation file (EnerGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPG
Glossary file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPI
Graphics file (Phillips Scanner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPI
Graphics file (Siemens Scanner) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Compressed archive (SPLINT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Customized printer driver (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Object file (ShockWave Flash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Personal spell dictionary (Signature) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
159
Linux Dictionary
.SPL
Printer spool file (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Sample file (DigiTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPL
Sample file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPM
Data file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPP
Printer file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPPACK
Sound sample (SP Pack) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPR
Document letter (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPR
Generated screen program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPR
Sprite (Image layering and resizing) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPRITE
Bitmap file (Acorn) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPS
Screen driver (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPS
Spssx source code file (VAX/VMS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPT
Source code file (Spitbol) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPT
Support file (MITAC disk/system management utility package) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPU
Picture file (Spectrum 512) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPW
Worksheet (SigmaPlot) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SPX
Compiled screen program (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
160
Linux Dictionary
.SQC
Structured Query Language (SQL) common code file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SQL
Generally used by database products as an extension for SQL queries (scripts, text, or binary) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SQL
SQL queries (Informix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SQP
Query result of audio search (Sonique) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SQR
Structured Query Language (SQL) program file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SQZ
Compressed archive (SQUEEZE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.src.rpm
Source RPM file. A 'tarball' that can be recompiled and installed which also allows RPM based
systems to manage them. From Binh http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SRE
Undefined file (Motorola) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SRF
Raster graphics file (Sun) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SRM
Video game console ROM emulator file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SRP
SCript file (QuickLink) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SRZ
Source file (DataFlex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SS
Bitmap graphics (Splash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SSA
Video file (Sub Station Alpha) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SSD
Datafile (SAS/PC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SSD
SAS database (Dos) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SSD01
SAS data sets (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
161
Linux Dictionary
.SSF
Spreadsheet file (Enable) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SSP
Datafile (SAS Transport) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ST
Disk Image file (Atari) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ST
Instrument library (Scream Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ST
Source code file (Little SmallTalk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ST
Stamp file (NeoPaint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STA
Saved state (Reflection 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STA
Stack file (SpinMaker Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STB
Stub library (Genus GX Kernel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STD
Standard script file (LocoScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STD
State transition diagram graphic file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STF
Compressed archive (SHRINKTOFIT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STL
Stereolithography file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STM
Music file (Scream Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STM
Music module (MOD) (Scream Tracker 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STM
Shorter suffix for .shtml, an HTML file containing a server side include (SSI
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci214225,00.html>) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STM
Punctuation
162
Linux Dictionary
State transition diagram model file (Prosa) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STO
Pascal stub OBJ file (Genus GX Kernel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STQ
Text file (Statistica) (StatSoft Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STR
Screensaver file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STR
Structure list OBJ file (dBase IV Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STS
Project status information file (Microsoft C/C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STS
Song file (Music) (Scream Tracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STW
Data file (SmartTerm for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STX
Electronic book file (SmarText) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STX
Tax form (CA−Simply Tax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STY
Style sheet (Generic text and graphics programs0 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.STY
Style sheet (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SUI
Suit library (Simple User Interface Toolkit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SUM
Summary file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SUN
Rasterfile graphics (Sun) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SUP
Supplementary dictionary files (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVD
Autosave file for document (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVF
Punctuation
163
Linux Dictionary
Simple Vector Format 2D image (Microstation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVG
Autosave file for glossary (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVG
Scalable vector graphics file (Adobe) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVP
Graphics file (Sonique) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVS
Autosave file for style sheet (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVX
Interchange file format, 8SVX/16SV From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVX
Sound file (Amiga 8SVX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SVY
Database file (SAVVY/PC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SW
Raw signed Word (16bit) data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWA
Shockwave audio file in Macromedia Director (an MP3 file) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWF
Object (ShockWave Flash) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWG
Swag Packet file (SWAG Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWP
Document backup file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWP
Swap file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SWP
Swap file (DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SY1
Smartpix symbol library (Ami Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SY3
Symbol file (Harvard Graphics 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYD
Punctuation
164
Linux Dictionary
Backup of startup files (QEMM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYM
Precompiled header file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYM
Program symbol table (Generic to compilers) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYM
Symbol file (Harvard Graphics 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYN
SDSC Synu image file (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYN
Synonym file (Microsoft Word 5.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYS
Datafile (SPSS/PC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYS
Datafile (SYGRAPH) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYS
Datafile (SYSTAT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYS
System file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYS
System file Device driver or hardware configuration file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYW
Graphics symbols (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.SYW
Wave file (Yamaha SV−series) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T
Source file (TADS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T
Tape archive (TAR) (Without compression) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T
Tester symbol file (ReaGeniX code generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T2T
Modeling software file (Sonata CAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T44
Punctuation
165
Linux Dictionary
Temporary file for sorting index (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.T64
Emulator tape image file (Commodore 64) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAB
Guitar Tablature file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAB
Table file (MapInfo GIS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Tag
image bitmap file (TIFF) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAG
Query tag name file (DataFlex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAH
Turbo assembler help file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAL
Text illustration file (TypeAlign) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAR
<http://searchEnterpriseLinux.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid39_gci213093,00.html> Tape Archive
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAR
Compressed archive (TAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tar
tarred directory tree. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tar.gz
See tarball. From Binh http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAZ
Compressed ASCII archive (COMPRESS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAZ
Compressed ASCII archive (TAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TAZ
Gzip/Tape archive (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TB1
Font file (Borland Turbo C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TB2
Font file (Borland Turbo C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBF
Punctuation
166
Linux Dictionary
Fax document (Imavox TurboFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBK
Interactive multimedia files (Asymetrix Toolbook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBK
Memo backup file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBK
Memo backup file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBK
Toolbook file (Asymetrix Toolbook) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBL
Graphics (Native format) (Pagemaker TableEditor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBL
Table of values (OS/2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBS
Text elements (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TBX
Table (Project Scheduler 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TC
Configuration file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TC
Configuration file (Turbo C) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TCH
Turbo C Help file (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TCL
Script in the TCL/TK Language From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tcl
Tcl/Tk source code (programming language). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TCW
Drawing file (TurboCAD for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TD
Configuration file (Turbo Debugger for DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TD0
Disk image file (Teledisk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TD2
Punctuation
167
Linux Dictionary
Configuration file (Turbo Debugger for WIN32) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TD4
Saved track design (Roller Coaster Tycoon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDB
Database file (TACT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDB
Database file (Thumbs Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDDD
A file format use by the Imagine & Turbo Silver ray−tracers From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDF
Font file (TheDraw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDF
Typeface definition file (Speedo) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDH
Help file (Turbo Debugger0 From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDK
Keystroke recording file (Turbo Debugger) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDS
Symbol table (Turbo Debugger) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TDW
Configuration file (Turbo Debugger for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEF
Fax document (Relisys TEFAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEL
Hostfile (Telnet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEM
Input template (IconAuthor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEM
Turbo Editor Macro Language script (Borland C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEX
Datasheet file (Idealist) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tex
TEX or LATEX document. LATEX is for document processing and typesetting. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEX
Punctuation
168
Linux Dictionary
TEX text file (Scientific Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TEX
Texture file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.texi, .texinfo
Texinfo source. Info pages are compiled from these. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TF
Configuration file (Turbo Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFA
Area file (Turbo Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFC
Catalogue file (Tobi's Floppy Disk Cataloguer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFH
Help file (Turbo Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFM
Form file (Form Tool Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tfm
LATEX font metric file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFM
Tagged font metric file (TeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFM
TeX font metrics file (TeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TFS
Statistics file (Turbo Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TG1
Project file (On Target) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGA
Targa bitmap (Adobe Acrobat,TrueVision) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGA
Targa bitmap (Countour Mortgage Loan Format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tga
TARGA image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGA
Winpoint Loan file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGQ
Punctuation
169
Linux Dictionary
Movie file (Dungeon Keeper 2) (Bullfrog Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGV
Video file (Electronic Arts) (Need for Speed I/II/III, NBA '96) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tgz
Directory tree that has been archived with tar, and then compressed with gzip. Also a package for the
Slackware distribution. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TGZ
Gzip/Tape archive (Unix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.THEME
Desktop theme (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.THM
Thumbnail image file (Microsoft Clip Gallery v.1.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.THN
Thumbnail (Graphics Workshop for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.THS
Thesaurus dictionary (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIF
Tag image bitmap file (TIFF) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIFF
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci214180,00.html> From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.tiff
TIFF image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIG
Map file (Tiger) (Used by the US Government to distribute Map files) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIL
Fuzzy Logic knowledge base file (Togai InfraLogic Fuzzy−C Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIM
Texture/Image file (Playstation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TIS
Tile set (MahJongg 3.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TJF
backup files (VAXTPU Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLB
OLE type library files (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
170
Linux Dictionary
.TLB
Reference table (Bubble Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLB
Text library (VAX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLB
Type library (Visual C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLC
Compiled tool command language source code file (Swat) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLE
Two−Line element set (NASA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLP
Project timeline file (Microsoft Project) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TLX
Data file (Trellix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TMF
Tagged font metric file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TMO
Ztg global optimizer default optimizer file (Zortech C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TMP
Temporary file (Microsoft Windows) (ALL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TMS
Script file (Telemate) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TNV
Data file (BitWare) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TOC
Table of contents file (Eudora Mailbox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TOL
Image file (Kodak Photo Enhancer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TOS
Self−Extracting archive (Atari ST) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TOS
The Operation System for Atari line of 16/32 and 32/32 computers From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TP
Configuration file (Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
171
Linux Dictionary
.TP
Sesson−state file (Turbo Profiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TP3
Template file (Harvard Graphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TP4
Saved picture file (Roller Coaster Tycoon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPB
Downloadable PCL Soft font file backup (HiJaak) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPF
Downloadable PCL Soft font file (HiJaak) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPH
Help file (Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPL
Encrypted lesson file (TutorPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPL
Residents units library (Turbo Pascal) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPL
Template file ( Cakewalk Audio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPL
Template file (DataCAD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPL
Template file (Harvard Graphics 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPP
Project file (Teleport Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPP
Protected mode units (Borland Pascal 7.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPU
Command file (VAXTPU Editor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPU
Turbo Pascal Unit (Turbo Pascal)(BGI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPV
Packed graphics file (TutorPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPW
Packed wave files (TutorPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
172
Linux Dictionary
.TPW
Session−state file (Turbo Profiler for Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPW
Turbo Pascal Unit (BGI) (Turbo Pascal for Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPX
Image file (ULead Photo Express) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPZ
Compressed archive (GNUzip) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TPZ
Compressed archive (TAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TR
Session−state settings (Turbo Charge Debugger for DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TR2
Session−state settings (Turbo Charge Debugger for Win32) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRA
Saved game file (Coaster) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRC
Debug support file (Power CTrace) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRE
Directory tree file (PC−Tools) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRK
Script file (Kermit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRM
Terminal file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRM
Terminal settings file (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRN
Project usage log (MKS Source Integrity) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRN
Translation support file (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRS
Executable file (MicroGraphix) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TRW
Session−state settings (Turbo Debugger for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
173
Linux Dictionary
.TST
Printer test file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TTF
TrueType font (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ttf
Truetype font. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TTK
Translation tool kit file (Corel Catalyst) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TTO
Client access data specification file (AS/400) (Server to Client) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TUV
Tutorial file (Many programs use this suffix for their tutorials) (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV
Table view settings (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV1
Overflow file above insert point in document 1 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV2
Overflow file above insert point in document 2 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV3
Overflow file above insert point in document 3 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV4
Overflow file above insert point in document 4 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV5
Overflow file above insert point in document 5 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV6
Overflow file above insert point in document 6 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV7
Overflow file above insert point in document 7 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV8
Overflow file above insert point in document 8 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TV9
Overflow file above insert point in document 9 (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TVF
Table view settings (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TWF
Punctuation
174
Linux Dictionary
Data file (TABWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TWW
Template file (TagWrite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TX8
MS−DOS text From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXB
Encoded briefing file (Descent/D2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXF
Compressed archive (FREEZE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXF
Compressed archive (TAR) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXF
Tax exchange format (Quicken and others) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXI
Support file (TeX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXT
ASCII <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci211600,00.html> text−formatted data
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.txt
Plain English text file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TXW
Wave file (Yamaha TX16W) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TYM
Time Stamp files (PageMaker 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TZ
Old compression file (TAR), (COMPRESS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.TZB
Compressed archive (Tar) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UAP
User agent profile (Used by wireless telephony applications) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UB
Raw unsigned byte (8−bit) data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UC2
Compressed archive (UltraCompressor II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UCN
Punctuation
175
Linux Dictionary
New compressed archive (UltraCompressor II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UDF
Image filter (Photostyler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UDF
Unique Database (Microsoft Windows NT) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UDW
Raw unsigned doubleword (32−bit) data From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UE2
Encrypted archive (UltraCompressor II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UFO
Object file (Ulead) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UG
Drawing file (AutoCAD and others) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UHS
Binary file (Universal Hint System) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UI
Espire source code (Geoworks UI Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UI
User interface file (Sprint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UIF
Long prompts for Microsoft Windows (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UIH
Espire header file (Geoworks UI Compiler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UL
Audio file (ULAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ULAW
(CCITT G.711) audio (US Telephony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ULD
Uploaded file information (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ULT
Music module (MOD) (UltraTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UMB
Backup file (archive) (MemMaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UNI
Punctuation
176
Linux Dictionary
Datafile (Forcast Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UNI
UniMod music module (MOD) (MikMod) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UNX
Text file (Unix specific information) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UPD
Updated program data (dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UPD
Updated program data (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UPI
Program file (ULead Photo Impact) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UPO
Compiled updated datafile (dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UPX
Saved Image file (ULead Photo Express) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.URF
Universal radar format (Radar ViewPoint) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.URL
Internet shortcut file (Universal Resource Locator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USE
Source Integrity file (MKS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USP
Printer font w/updated USACII extended character set (Pagemaker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USR
Audit trail file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USR
User database file (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USR
User database file (Tour) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.USR
User database file (Turbo C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UU
Compressed ASCII archive (UUDE/ENCODE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UU
Punctuation
177
Linux Dictionary
UU−encoded file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UUE
Executable compressed ASCII archive (UUDE/ENCODE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UUE
UU−encoded file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UW
Raw unsigned 16−bit) datafile (Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.UWF
Wave file (UltraTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.V
Consistency check support file (ReaGeniX Code Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.V
Main image input file (Vivid 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.V8
8−bit audio file (CoVox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAL
Asset management document (Milliplex OmniValue) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAL
Validity checks/referential integrity checks (Paradox for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAL
Values list object file (dBase Application Generator) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAN
Animation file (VistaPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAP
Annotated speech file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAR
ASCII text file for data dictionary (Sterling Software Groundworks, COOL Business Team Enterprise
Model) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VAR
Variable file (IconAuthor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBA
VBase file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBP
Project file (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBR
Punctuation
178
Linux Dictionary
Remote automated registration file (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBS
Script file (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBW
Workspace file (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBX
Custom control file (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VBX
Visual basic extension (Microsoft Visual Basic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VC
Include file with color definitions (Vivid 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VC
Spreadsheet (VisaCalc) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCE
Unformatted voice file (Natural Microsystems) (NMS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCE
Unformatted voice file (used by Cool Edit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCF
Configuration file; defines objects for use with Sense8's WorldToolKit (Vevi) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCF
Virtual card file (Many programs use this extension) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCF
Virtual card file (Netscape) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCT
Class library (Microsoft FoxPro) (MFC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCW
Visual workbench information file (Microsoft Visual C++) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VCX
Class library (Microsoft FoxPro)(MFC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VDA
Graphics image (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VDA
Targa bitmap From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VDR
Punctuation
179
Linux Dictionary
Drawing file (ComputerEasy Draw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VEL
3D drawing file (CAD( (Ashlar) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VEW
View file (Clipper 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VEW
View file (Lotus Approach) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VFL
Clip art file (PrintMaster Gold) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VFM
Voting form (Voter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VFN
Voting form for customers (VFN) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VGA
Video graphics array (Font type for display on a VGA Monitor) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VGA
Video graphics array (Monitor type, also defines if your monitor is compliant with the new (1994)
SVGA (Super Video Graphics Array) (SVGA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VGD
Visual display driver ( Generic CADD) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VGR
Graphics file (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VI
Graphics file (Jovian Logic VI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VI
Virtual Instrument file (National Instruments LABView) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIC
Graphics file (Vicar) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VID
Bethesda video files (Terminator, Future Shock) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VID
Bitmap graphics (YUV12C M−Motion Frame Buffer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VID
Screen device driver (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
180
Linux Dictionary
.VID
Shell monitor file (Microsoft DOS v.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIF
Khoros Visualisation image (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIFF
Khoros Visualisation image (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIK
Graphics Image (Viking) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIR
File identified as a virus−infected file by Norton AntiVirus and possibly others From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIS
Graphics image file (VIS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIV
Streaming video file (VivoActive) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VIZ
dVS/dVISE file (Division) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VLB
Library file (Corel Ventura) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VLM
Drafting program file (Vellum, by Ashler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VM
Virtual memory file (Geoworks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VMC
Virtual memory configuration file (Adobe Acrobat Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VMD
On−line video file (Sierra) (Torin's Passage) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VMF
Audio file (FaxWorks) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VMF
Font characteristics file (Ventura Publishing) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VML
Vector markup language (used by Microsoft Office 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VMS
Text file with vms specific information From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
181
Linux Dictionary
.VO
Include file with object definiton (Vivid 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOB
Encrypted video and audio files used on current DVD's (Digital Video Disk) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOC
Audio file (Creative Labs Sound Blaster) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOC
Audio file (Quartet) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.voc
Audio format (Soundblaster's own format). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOF
Object folder (VZ Programmer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOX
Audio file (Talking Technology) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOX
Dialogic audio file coded using ADPCM
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213763,00.html> From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VOX
Formatted voice file (Natural Microsystems) (NMS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VP
Publication (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VPG
Graphics image file (VPGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VQA
Video files (Westwood Studios) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VQE
VQ Locator file (Yamaha Sound) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VQF
VQ file (Yamaha Sound) (possible emerging standard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VQL
VQ Locator file (Yamaha Sound) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VRF
Configuration file (Oracle 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VRM
Punctuation
182
Linux Dictionary
Overlay file (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VRML
A VRML file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VRP
Project file (VXRexx) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VRS
Video device driver (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VS
Include file w/surface definition (Vivid 2.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSD
Drawing file (flow chart or schematic)(Shapeware Visio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSL
Download List file (GetRight) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSM
Simulation model (VisSim) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSN
A Windows 9x/NT ViruSafe version file; used to keep information about all the files in a directory;
when a file is accessed, information is compared with the VSN information to ensure that they match
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSP
Data print file (Schedule Soft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSP
Image sprite (SPX) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSS
Smartshapes image file (Shapeware Visio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSS
Stencil file (Shapeware Visio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VST
Bitmap graphic file (TrueVison Vista) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VST
Targa bitmap (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VSW
Workspace file (Shapeware Visio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VUE
Animation file (3D Studio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VUE
Punctuation
183
Linux Dictionary
View file (dBase IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VUE
View file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VW
Text file (Volkswriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VWP
Audio MetaSound plug−in (VoxWare Audio Compression Toolkit version 2.02.61) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VWP
Audio plug−in (Voxware MetaVoice Toolkit) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VWR
File viewer (PC Tools) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.VXD
Virtual device driver (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W
Word chart file (APPLAUSE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W30
Printer font (AST TurboLaser) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W30
Printer font (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W31
Startup file (Microsoft Windows 3.1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W3L
W3Launch file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.W44
Temporary file for Sort or Index (dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WAB
Outlook file (Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WAD
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213332,00.html> Large file for Doom game
containing video, player level, and other information From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WAL
Texture file (Quake 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WAS
Script source code file (Procomm Plus Aspect) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
184
Linux Dictionary
.WAV
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci213473,00.html> Waveform sound (Microsoft
Windows) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.wav
Audio format (sound files common to Microsoft Windows). From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WAX
Compiled script file (Procomm Plus Aspect) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WB1
Notebook (QuattroPro for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WB2
Spreadsheet (QuattroPro for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WB3
Text file (QuattroPro for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBC
Image file (Webshots) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBF
Batch file (Microsoft Windows 9.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBK
Backup file (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBL
Upload file (Argo Webload II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBR
WordBar File (Crick Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBT
Batch file (WinBatch) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WBT
Wordbar template (Crick Software) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WCD
Macro token list file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WCM
Data transmission file (Microsoft Works) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WCM
Macro (WordPerfect fdor Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WCP
Product information description file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
185
Linux Dictionary
.WD2
Database file (Info Select) by (Micro Logic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WDB
Database file (Microsoft Works) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WDF
WebArt data file (database file that can be converted for use in many programs) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WDG
Warftpd remote daemon
<http://searchWebServices.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid26_gci211888,00.html> file From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WEB
Web document (Corel Zara) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WEB
Web source code file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFB
Bank file (Maui/Rio/Monterey) (Turtle Beack WaveFront) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFD
Audio waveform (WaveForm Manager Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFD
Drum set (Maui/Rio/Monterey)(Turtle Beach WaveFront) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFL
Flowchart file (Winflow) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFM
Windows form (Virtual dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFN
Symbol (Corel Draw) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFP
Program file (Turtle Beach WaveFront)(Maui/Rio/Monterey) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFT
Data file (NICOLET (Old Format), see NRF) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WFX
Data file (WinFax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WG1
Worksheet (Lotus 1−2−3/G) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WG2
Punctuation
186
Linux Dictionary
Worksheet (Lotus 1−2−3 for O/S2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WGP
Data file (Wild Board Games) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WI
Wavelet compressed bitmap (Corel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WID
Width table (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIF
Wavelet image file (see WI) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIL
WinImage file From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIM
Wireless identity module (Used by wireless application protocols) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIN
Window file (dBase) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIN
Window file (Microsoft FoxPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIN
Window preference file (Pro/Engineer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIS
Script file (Reynolds & Reynolds) (Stores the results of a database query) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.with
NSREX From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIZ
Page wizard (Microsoft Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WIZ
Wizard file (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WK1
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3 v. 1 and 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WK3
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3 v. 3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WK4
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3 v. 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKB
Document file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
187
Linux Dictionary
.WKE
Spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3 Educational version) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKQ
Spreadsheet (Quattro Pro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKS
Document (Microsoft Works) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKS
Spreadsheet (Symphony 1.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKS
Worksheet spreadsheet (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WKS
Workspace file (Xlisp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WLD
REND386/AVRIL file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WLF
Upload file (Argo Upload I) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WLK
Graphics file (Virtus Walkthrough) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WLL
Add−In file (Microsoft) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WMA
Audio file in Microsoft Windows Media format (Can be changed to ASF) Siren (Sonic Foundry)
From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WMC
Backup files for startup (MathCAD for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WMC
Macro file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WMC
Text file (WordMARC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WMF
Metafile (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WN
Text file (NeXT WriteNow) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WNF
Outline font description file (CorelDRAW) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
188
Linux Dictionary
.WOA
Swap file (Microsoft Windows 3.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WOC
Organization chart (Microsoft Windows OrgChart) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.word
processing documents From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WOW
Music module (MOD) (Grave Composer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WP
Document file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WP4
Document (WordPerfect for Windows 4.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WP5
Document (WordPerfect for Windows 5.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WP6
Document (WordPerfect for Windows 6.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPA
Word processor document (ACT!) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPD
Demo file (WordPerfect for Windows) (ALL) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPD
Document (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPF
Document (Enable) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPF
Fax document (WorldPort) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPF
Form file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPG
Graphics file (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPG
Microsoft Word for Windows vector graphics (DrawPerfect) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPK
Macro (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
189
Linux Dictionary
.WPM
Macro (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPS
Text document (Microsoft Works) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPT
Template (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WPW
PerfectWorks document (Novell) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WQ!
Compressed spreadsheet (QuattroPro) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WQ1
Spreadsheet (QuattroPro/DOS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WQ2
Spreadsheet (QuattroPro version 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WR1
Spreadsheet (Symphony 1.1−2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WR1
Symphony file (Lotus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRD
Template (Charisma) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRG
ReGet document From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRI
Write document (Windows Write) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRK
Project file (CakeWalk Music Audio) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRK
Spreadsheet (Symphony 1.0) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRL
Virtual Reality model From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRP
3D modeling file (Raindrop Geomagic) (Scandata) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRP
Compressed Amiga archive (WARP) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
190
Linux Dictionary
.WRS
Resource file (Microsoft Word for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WRZ
Another VRML <http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci214153,00.html> fileject From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS
Text file (WordStar) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS1
Document (WordStar for Windows version 1) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS2
Document (WordStar for Windows version 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS3
Document (WordStar for Windows version 3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS4
Document (WordStar for Windows version 4) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS5
Document (WordStar for Windows version 5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS6
Document (WordStar for Windows version 6) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WS7
Document (WordStar for Windows version 7) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WSD
Document (WordStar for Windows 2000) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WSP
WorkSpace file (Fortran PowerStation) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WST
Document (WordStar for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WSZ
Skin (WinAmp) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WTA
Used by wireless telephony applications From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WVL
Wavelet Compressed Bitmap From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WVW
Interleaf WorldView format (a PDF format) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
191
Linux Dictionary
.WWB
Button bar for document window (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WWK
Keyboard layout file (WordPerfect for Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WWL
Add−in file (Microsoft Word) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WXD
Music resource file (Relic Entertainment)(Home World) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.WXP
Document file (EXP for Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X
AVS image (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X
Source code file (Lex) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X01
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X02
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X03
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X04
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X05
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X06
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X07
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X08
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X09
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.X16
Macromedia Extra (program extension), 16 bit From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
192
Linux Dictionary
.X32
Macromedia Extra (program extension), 32 bit From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XAR
Corel Xara drawing From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XBM
A MIME 'X11" bitmap image From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XDL
XML Schema file From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XFN
Printer font file (Ventura Publisher) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XFN
Printer font file (Xerox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XFT
Printer font file (24 Pin) (ChiWriter) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XFX
Fax Document (Various) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XHTML
eXtensible hypertext markup language From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XI
Instrument file (FastTracker II) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XI
Instrument sample file (ScreamTracker) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XIF
Image file (Pagis) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XIF
Image file (Xerox) (same as TIF) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XIF
Image file eXtended (ScanSoft) the file is similar to TIFF and is a From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XIF
Wang imaging file (Included with Windows 95) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLA
Add−in file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLA
Archive (Xlib) From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLB
Punctuation
193
Linux Dictionary
Datafile (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLB
Toolbar file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLC
Chart file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLD
Dialogue file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLK
Backup file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLL
Add−in file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLL
Dynamic link library (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLM
Macro file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLS
Worksheet file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLT
Template file (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLT
Translation table (Lotus 1−2−3) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLT
Translation table (Procomm Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLT
Translation table (Symphony) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLV
VBA module (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XLW
Workbook (Microsoft Excel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XM
Music module (MOD) (Fast Tracker 2) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XMI
Compressed midi music (eXtended) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XML
Punctuation
194
Linux Dictionary
eXtensible markup language From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.xml
XML source file. See XML. From Binh http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XNF
Network file (Standard) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XNK
Shortcut file (Microsoft Exchange) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XON
Datafile (Axon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XPM
X BitMap format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.xpm
XPM image file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XQT
Executable file (Waffle) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XQT
Macro file (SuperCalc) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XR1
Data file (Epic Megagames Xargon) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XRF
Cross−reference file (Generic) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XTB
External translation table (LocoScript) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XTP
Data file (Xtree) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XWD
X Window Dump format (SDSC Image Tool) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XWF
Works file (Yamaha XG) (MIDI
<http://WhatIs.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci212572,00.html> sequencing) From
Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XWK
Keyboard mapping file (Crosstalk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XWP
Session file (Crosstalk) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XWP
Punctuation
195
Linux Dictionary
Text file (Xerox Writer) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XX
Compressed ASCII archive (XXENCODE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XXE
Compressed ASCII archive (XXENCODE) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XXX
XXXX From Whatis−Extensions http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XY
Text file (XYWrite) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XY3
Document file (XYWrite III) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XY4
Document file (XYWrite IV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XYP
Document file (XYWrite III Plus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.XYW
Document file (XYWrite for Windows 4.x) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y
Compressed Amiga archive (YABBA) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y
Grammar file (Yaac) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.y
yacc source file. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y01
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y02
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y03
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y04
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y05
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y06
Punctuation
196
Linux Dictionary
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y07
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y08
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Y09
Secondary index file (Paradox) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.YAL
Clipart library (Arts & Letters) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.YBK
Yearbook file (Microsoft Encarta) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.YUV
Graphics file (YUV) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.YZ
Compressed file archive (YAC) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Z
Compressed ASCII archive (COMPRESS) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Z
File compressed with the compress compression program. From Rute−Users−Guide Can be deflated
using the 'uncompress' utility. http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Z
Unix file Compressed From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.Z3
Game module (Infocom) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZAP
Compressed file (FileWrangler) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZAP
Software installation settings file (Microsoft Windows) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZDG
Compressed text document (Zview) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZER
Data file (Zerberus) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZGM
Graphics file (ZenoGraphics) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.zip
Punctuation
197
Linux Dictionary
File compressed with the pkzip (or PKZIP.EXE for DOS) compression program. From
Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZIP
Zip file Compressed archive From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZOM
Compressed Amiga archive (ZOOM) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZOO
An early compressed file format From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.ZVD
Voice file (Zyxel Z−Fax) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.~$~
Temporary file (1ST Reader) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.~AP
AppExpert project database file (Borland C++ 4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.~DE
Project backup file (Borland C++ 4.5) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.~MN
Menu backup (Norton Commander) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
.~PR
Project backup file (Terramodel) From Whatis−Extensions
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/bin
A directory containing executable programs, primarily binary files. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/bin
A directory that contains executable programs, the majority of which are stored in binary files. Most
programs are found in directories /bin and /usr/bin; however, users often keep additional programs in
private bin directories, such as /home/linux/bin. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/dev/null
On UNIX, this is a virtual−file that can be written to. Data written to this file gets discarded. It is
similar to the file call NUL on Windows machines. Key point: When rooting a machine, intruders will
often redirect logging to /dev/null For example, the command ln −s /dev/null .bash_history will cause
the system to stop logging bash commands. Culture: In the vernacular, means much the same thing as
black hole. Typical usage: if you don't like what I have to say, please direct your comments to
/dev/null. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/etc
The directory on UNIX where the majority of the configuration information is kept. It is roughly
analogous to the Windows registry. Of particular interest is /etc/passwd file that stores all the
passwords. Key point: If an intruder can read files from this directory, then they can likely use the
information to attack the machine. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/etc/hosts
Punctuation
198
Linux Dictionary
The file that contains a list of hostname to IP address mappings. In the old days of the Internet, this is
how machines contacted each other. A master hosts file was maintained and downloaded to machines
on a regular basis. Then DNS came along. Like the vestigial appendix. On Windows, this file is stored
in %SystemRoot%\system32\drivers\etc. Hack: If you can write files to a user's machine, then you
can add entries to his/her hosts files to point to your own machine instead. For example, put an entry
for www.microsoft.com to point to your machine, then proxy all the connections for the user. This
will allow you to perform a man in the middle attack. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/etc/hosts.equiv
On UNIX, the "hosts.equiv" file lists other hosts that can be thought of as "equivalent" to this one.
This machine will therefore "trust" these other machines. Users connecting to this machine from the
listed machines will not have to present a password, it is assumed that these other machines have
already verified the password. Analogy: The European Union (EU) doesn't have passport control
between countries. You only have to present your passport when entering the first European country,
then you can roam freely once inside the union. The "hosts.equiv" file creates a similar union of
machines. Hack: Hackers will target this file. If their target is machine A, they may instead find that A
trusts B, and B may be easier to break into first. At that point, the hacker can hop back to A using an
account on B. Likewise, if a hacker can write to this file, they can tell the system to trust any other
system on the network (including the hackers own machine). Hack: Older software would do a
reverse DNS lookup on a connecting IP address. If the hacker controlled the DNS server, s/he could
return a trusted domain name, and therefore be allowed into the system. Another older hack is the
default "+" entry. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/etc/passwd
The UNIX file that contains the account information, such as username, password, login directory,
and default shell. All normal users on the system can read this file. Key point: The passwords are
encrypted, so even though everyone can read the file, it doesn't automatically guarantee access to the
system. However, programs like crack are very effective at decrypting the passwords. On any system
with many accounts, there is a good chance the hacker will be able to crack some of the accounts if
they get hold of this file. Key point: Modern UNIX systems allow for shadowed password files, stored
in locations like /etc/shadow that only root has access to. The normal password file still exists, minus
the password information. This provides backwards compatibility for programs that still must access
the password file for account information, but which have no interest in the passwords themselves.
Key point: The chief goal of most hacks against UNIX systems is to retrieve the password file. Many
attacks do not compromise the machine directly, but are able to read files from the machine, such as
this file. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
/etc/services
On UNIX, the configuration file /etc/services maps port numbers to named services. Key point: Its
role in life is so that programs can do a getportbyname() sockets call in their code in order to get what
port they should use. For example, a POP3 email daemon would do a getportbyname("pop3") in order
to retrieve the number 110 that pop3 runs at. The idea is that if all POP3 daemons use
getportbyname(), then no matter what POP3 daemon you run, you can always reconfigure its port
number by editing /etc/services. Misunderstanding: This file is bad in order to figure out what port
numbers mean. If you want to find out what ports programs are using, you should instead use the
program lsof to find out exactly which ports are bound to which processes. If running lsof is not
appropriate, then you should lookup the ports in a more generic reference. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
0−day (zero−day)
The term 0−day exploit describes an exploit that is not publicly known. It describe tools by elite
hackers who have discovered a new bug and shared it only with close friends. It also describes some
new exploit for compromising popular services (the usual suspects: BIND, FTP services, Linux
Punctuation
199
Linux Dictionary
distros, Microsoft IIS, Solaris servers). Many 0−day exploits are discovered by the victims when
hackers use them, or by honeypots. The term "0−day" describes the fact that the value of exploits
quickly goes down as soon as they are announced. The next day they are half as valuable. The 2nd
day they are a 1/4 as valuable. Ten days later they are 1/1000 as valuable as on day 0. This is because
script−kiddies quickly use the exploits on computers throughout the Internet, compromising systems
before anybody else can get to them. Contrast: The term 0−day exploit describe the hard−to−use
exploits by the discoverer himself (or close friends), in contrast to the easy−to−use scripts employed
by script kiddies. For example, a buffer−overflow script will go through many phases as people try to
find the right offsets for the target platforms, but will eventually end up as a broad−spectrum
aim−and−shoot script that anybody could use. Key point: One of the dangers of 0−day exploits is
BUGTRAQ camping. A hacker discovers all the services running on the target victim and waits for
day−0 when the exploit is announced. At that time, the hacker attacks the systems with the new
exploit. Key point: The term "0−day" describes any bit of information in the community, whether it is
serial numbers, lists of proxies, or passwords to porn sites. As soon as such information becomes
well−known and exploited by large numbers of people, it is then fixed by the victim. Information has
a "half−life": the older it is, the less value it has. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
100VG
100 Voice Grade [technology] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
2−Disk Xwindow embedded Linux
Mungkie Associates Inc. provides 2−Disk Xwindow embedded Linux. The distribution is intended to
be a demonstration of Mungkie Associates' embedded appliance development environment, showing
the sort of environment that can be created for small appliance GUI systems. It is further intended to
give a minimal Linux base system on 1 disk and a fully expandable X system implementation on a
second disk. The two disks can be used together for a minimal system or the X disk can be used
seperately on any libc2.1 linux system. The source tree is compiled on Debian and the /lib/ files taken
directly from the Debian−2.2.3 distribution. The 2−disk system is free for personal use, but
restrictions apply to commercial usage. Version 1.4rc802 was released November 6, 2002. Version
1disk1.0 final was released January 18, 2003. A 1disk 1.0 update was released February 5, 2003.
Version 1.0.8 (Source code) was released May 30, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
2S2D
Double Sided − Double Density (FDD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dchess
3D chess for X11 3 dimensional Chess for X11R6. Three boards, 96 pieces and 26 directions. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT 3Dwm is a 3D window manager for Linux From Binh
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3DDDI
3D Device Dependent Interface (MS), "3D DDI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3DRAM
3 Dimensional Random Access Memory (RAM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm
The 3dwm project is working with the creation of a three−dimensional worspace manager that can run
in the 3D Cube as well as on desktop computers. Note that wm does not stand for the term window
manager. It is a bit misleading; 3dwm is not a window manager in the true sense of the word, but
rather more of a gerneral user environment. The window manager functionality of the system is
merely the tip of the iceberg; 3Dwm contains general primitives for building applications with
Punctuation
200
Linux Dictionary
three−dimensional interfaces. From 3dwm
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−clock
A 3Dwm apps The 3Dwm clock application (tdwm−clock) is the first real application that is even
remotely useful. It makes use of the 3Dwm Nobel API, including the new solid modeling support, to
create a three−dimensional analog clock displaying the current time. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−csgclient
A 3Dwm client A simple client which is builded using new libsolid. This is only an example on how
libsolid work. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−geoclient
A 3Dwm client This is a very simple 3Dwm client that connects to the exported GeometryKit in the
server, creates a Geometry, loads a 3D file from the local system (in this case a simple model of an
office, which also happens to be Rob's room), and passes it to the 3Dwm server. The 3Dwm server
will happily render any geometry that is created, so running geoclient several times will add more
geometries to the graphical output. Please note that you may need to zoom out (using the 'X' key) to
see graphical output. The geoclient is able to open native .raw files as well as standard 3ds files (using
MeshIO). In other words, you may experiment by loading other files than the supplied office model to
the 3Dwm server. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−pickclient
A 3Dwm client This is an example showing how libzorn work. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−server
Binary server daemon This package contains display binary server daemon. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−texclient
A 3Dwm client This is a simple client used for testing the 3Dwm texture capabilities. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3dwm−vncclient
A 3Dwm client This will open a connection to the VNC server from the 3Dwm server, and the
graphical output will be displayed on a single quad in the 3Dwm world (you may need to zoom out to
see it). Currently, vncclient supports no interaction with the VNC window (the bindings and the actual
communication code has been implemented, only the 3Dwm side is missing). From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3GIP
3rd Generation . Internet Protocol (org., IP, GPRS, WLAN, mobile−systems), "3G.IP" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3GL
3rd Generation Language From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
3GPP
Third Generation Partnerships Projects (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
4.2
/for' poynt too'/ n. Without a prefix, this almost invariably refers to BSD Unix release 4.2. Note that it
is an indication of cluelessness to say "version 4.2", and "release 4.2" is rare; the number stands on its
own, or is used in the more explicit forms 4.2BSD or (less commonly) BSD 4.2. Similar remarks
apply to "4.3", "4.4" and to earlier, less−widespread releases 4.1 and 2.9. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
44bsd−rdist
Punctuation
201
Linux Dictionary
4.4BSD rdist. This is the traditional rdist from 4.4BSD Lite with FreeBSD fixes. It is provided for
compatibility with third−party rdist implementations. This is the binary package for 4.4BSD rdist.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
4GL
4th Generation Language From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
4GT
4 GB [RAM] Tuning (RAM, GB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
4Suite
The 4Suite package contains XML−related tools and libraries for Python, including 4DOM, 4XSLT,
4XPath, 4RDF, and 4XPointer. 4DOM is animplementation of the World Wide Web Consortium's
(W3C) standard DOMAPI for HTML and XML content manipulation. 4DOM provides full
distributed−object support based on the IDL used in the formal DOM specification. 4XSLT is an
XSLT processor, which can be used to renderXML documents as customized and stylized HTML for
current Web browsers. 4XSLT also provides a powerful programming API forapplications to use for
low−level, customized transformations of XML documents. 4XPath is a library implementating the
W3C's XPath language for indicating and selecting portions of an XML document. 4RDF is a toolkit
and library for RDF processing. 4XPointer is a toolkit for processing fragment identifiers for URI
references which locateresources of Internet media type text/xml. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
5GL
5th Generation Language From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
6tunnel
TCP proxy for non−IPv6 applications 6tunnel allows you to use services provided by IPv6 hosts with
IPv4−only applications and vice versa. It can bind to any of your IPv4 or IPv6 addresses and forward
all data to IPv4 or IPv6 host. It can be used for example as an IPv6−capable IRC proxy. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
8−character password
Some systems, like Win9x and Solaris, limit the user to 8 characters in the password. Key point:
Security conscious users of such systems need to make sure they use a more random mix of characters
because they cannot create long passwords. Key point: Password cracking such systems is a little
easier. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
8.3 filename
A filename corresponding to the standard MS−DOS gleaming conventions, which restrict filenames
to 8 characters and optional extensions to 3 characters. From QUECID Such restictions can prove to
be an infuriating problem like when transfering files across a heterogenous network such as between
Windows and Linux machines. Since older versions of Windows only support 8.3 style filenames files
transferred to it will be truncated. For example, "C:\Program Files" may appear to be "C:\Progra~1"
From Binh http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
802.11
Standard protocol for radio−frequency wireless data transmission and networking. Also called Wi−Fi.
From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
80211HR
802.11 High Rate (IEEE, WLAN), "802.11/HR" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
822−date
Command to print date and time in RFC822 format From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
8PSK
8 Phase Shift Keying (EDGE, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
202
Linux Dictionary
8VSB
8−Vestigial Side Band, "8−VSB" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
9menu
Creates X menus from the shell. This is 9menu, a simple program that allows you to create X menus
from the shell, where each menu item will run a command. 9menu is intended for use with 9wm, but
can be used with any other window manager. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
9wm
An emulation of the Plan 9 window manager 8−1/2. 9wm is an X window manager which attempts to
emulate the Plan 9 window manager 8−1/2 as far as possible within the constraints imposed by X. It
provides a simple yet comfortable user interface, without garish decorations or title−bars. Or icons.
And it's click−to−type. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
[
check file types and compare values From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
~user
On UNIX, a home directory can be referenced by using a tilde (~) followed by their login name. For
example, "ls ~rob" on my computer will list all the files in "/home/rob". Key point: Web−servers
often allow access to user's directories this way. An example would be
http://www.robertgraham.com/~rob. Key point: A big hole on the Internet is that people unexpectedly
open up information. For example, the file .bash_history is a hidden file in a person's directory that
contains the complete text of all commands they've entered into the shell (assuming their shell is bash,
which is the most popular one on Linux). From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Punctuation
203
A
a−Linux
a−Linux is an x86 floppy−based mini−distribution, where assembly code meets Linux kernel. It
contains only programs written in assembly language. It is extemely small, yet functional, and
provides HTTP and FTP services out−of−the−box. Initial version 0.17 was released August 17, 2002.
A floppy−based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
a2p
Awk to Perl translator From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
a2ps
GNU a2ps 'Anything to PostScript' converter and pretty−printer a2ps converts files into PostScript for
printing or viewing. It uses a nice default format, usually two pages on each physical page, borders
surrounding pages, headers with useful information (page number, printing date, file name or supplied
header), line numbering, symbol substitution as well as pretty printing for a wide range of
programming languages. Historically, a2ps started as a text to PostScript converter, but thanks to
powerful delegations it is able to let you use it for any kind of files, ie it can also digest manual pages,
dvi files, texinfo, .... Among the other most noticeable features of a2ps are: − various encodings (all
the Latins and others), − various fonts (automatic font down loading), − various medias, − various
printer interfaces, − various output styles, − various programming languages, − various helping
applications, − and various spoken languages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
a2ps
The a2ps filter converts text and other types of files to PostScript format. A2ps has pretty−printing
capabilities and includes support for a wide number of programming languages, encodings (ISO
Latins, Cyrillic, etc.), and media. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
a52dec
Utilities to extract and decode ATCS A/52 streams Utilities to extract and decode ATCS A/52
streams. The A/52 standard is used in a variety of applications, including digital television and DVD.
It is also known as AC−3. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AA
Auto Answer (MODEM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aa3d
An ASCII art stereogram generator This program generates the well known and popular random dot
stereograms in ASCII art. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAA
Authentication, Authorization and Accounting From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAAAA
Anonym Association Against Acronym Abuse (slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAAI
American Association for Artificial Intelligence (org., AI, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAAS
American Association for the Advancement of Science (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
204
Linux Dictionary
AAC
Advanced Audio Coding (IIS, MPEG) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAC
Authorization and Access Control (IETF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAD
Authorized AutoCAD Dealer (AutoCAD, CAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AADN
American Association of DOMAIN Names (org., USA, Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAE
Allgemeine AnschaltErlaubnis (Telekom) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAF
Advanced Authoring Format (MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAIM
Association for Applied Interactive Multimedia (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAIS
Allied command europe ACCIS Implementation Strategy (ACCIS, NATO, mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAL
ATM Adaption Layer (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aalib−bin
sample programs using aalib AAlib is a portable ascii art graphics library. Internally, it works like a
graphics display, but the output is rendered into gorgeous platform independent ascii graphics. This
package contains a few sample programs that use aalib. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAM
Automatic Accoustic Management (ATA, HDD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAMSI
American Association for Medical Systems Informatics (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAP
Address Allocation Protocol (Multicast) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAP
Applications Access Point From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAP
Association of American Publishers (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AARP
Appletalk Address Resolution Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AASP
A
205
Linux Dictionary
ASCII Asynchronous Support Package (ASCII) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAT
Average Access Time From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AATP
Authorized Academic Training Program (MS, MCSD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aatv
A program to watch TV in a text−based console aatv is a program which allows you to watch TV in a
text−based console, i.e. in a virtual console or in an xterm. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AAUI
Apple Attachment Unit Interface (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABA
American Bankers Association (org., USA, banking) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABAP4
Advanced Business Application Programming/4 (SAP, R/3, 4GL), "ABAP/4" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABATS
Automatic Bit Access Test System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABBS
Apple Bulletin Board System (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABC
Atanasoff−Berry−Computer From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abc2ps
Translates ABC music description files to PostScript This is the Debian port of the abc2ps program by
Michael Methfessel. The program translates tunes written in the ABC format to PostScript, which can
then be viewed using Ghostview et al. or printed on a PostScript printer or through Ghostscript. It
supports various semi−standard extensions to the ABC standard, such as multiple voices and staves.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABCD
Altavista Business Card Directory (WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abcde
A Better CD Encoder A frontend program to cdparanoia, wget, cd−discid, id3, and your favorite Ogg
or MP3 encoder (defaults to oggenc). Grabs an entire CD and converts each track to Ogg or MP3,
then comments or ID3−tags each file, with one command. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abcmidi
A converter from ABC to MIDI format and back This package contains the programs `abc2midi' and
`midi2abc', which convert from the abc musical notation format to standard MIDI format and
vice−versa. They can generate accompaniment from guitar chords in the abc file, as well as insert
various MIDI events; the MIDI−to−abc translation tries to figure out bars, triplets and accidentals on
its own. The package also contains `abc2abc' (an abc prettyprinter/transposer) and `mftext' (a program
that will dump a MIDI file as text). The programs in this package are based on the `midifilelib'
distribution available from http://www.harmony−central.com/MIDI/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
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Linux Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abcmidi−yaps
Yet another ABC to PostScript converter This program translates tunes written in the ABC format to
PostScript, which can then be viewed on screen or printed. It is essentially a (non−exclusive)
alternative to abc2ps, being based on the abc2ps PostScript code together with the ABC parser from
the abcmidi package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABEL
Advanced Boolean Expression Language From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABEND
ABnormal END (Netware) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABI
Application Binary Interface (POE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABI
Application Binary Interface: details the machine language of the CPU family as well as the calls
between the application and the operating system. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abicheck
binary compatibility checking tool ABIcheck is a tool for checking an application's compliance with a
library's defined Application Binary Interface (ABI). It relies on ABI definition information contained
in the library. Example definitions are given for GNOME and glibc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABIOS
Advanced Basic Input Output System (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABIST
Automatic Built In Self Test (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abiword
WYSIWYG word processor AbiWord is the first application of a complete, open source office suite.
The upstream source includes cross−platform support for Win32, BeOS, and QNX as well as GTK+
on Unix. AbiWord is still being developed. It's quite usable but not yet full− featured or polished. For
many applications, however, it should prove effective and efficient. This program includes support for
reading Microsoft Word files, RTF files, and many other foreign file formats. Natively, it uses a
custom XML−based file format. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABM
Asynchronous Balanced Mode From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABNF
Augmented Backus−Naur Form (BNF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abook
A text−based ncurses address book application. abook is a text−based ncurses address book
application. It provides many different fields of user info. abook is designed for use with mutt, but can
be used independently. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABP
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207
Linux Dictionary
Address Book Provider (Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABR
Available Bit Rate (ATM, CBR, VBR, UBR, QOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABS
Apple Business Systems (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
absolute
Relating to file systems, the location of a directory or file that can be accessed regardless of the
current working location of a user or program. For example, to access the Samba configuration file
regardless of your current working directory, use the following absolute path: /etc/samba/smb.conf.
From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
absolute pathname
A pathname that explicitly identifies all directories from the root directory to an individual file. For
example, pathname /home/linus/kernel/test refers to a file named test in directory kernel, which
belongs to directory linus, which belongs to directory home, which belongs to the root directory /.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ABUI
Association of Banyan Users International (org., Banyan, VINES, user group, predecessor, ENA)
From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AbulEdu
AbulEdu is a Mandrake−based distribution for primary schools. It is currently in French but most of
the tools can be translated. An AbulEdu server can handle Mac (netatalk), Windows (samba),
GNU/Linux and X terminal (with LTSP) clients. The server acts as a central gateway for Web, mail,
and printing, and facilitates the management of classes, pupils, and teachers. Everybody can publish
Web pages on an intranet using Apache and all administration tasks are performed using a browser.
The result is that a teacher who is not a computer specialist can install and manage a school network.
Stable version 1.0.7−II was released May 26, 2003. Development version 1.0.11 beta 4 was released
October 7, 2002. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
abuse
Crack dot Com's Abuse action game. Abuse is a side scrolling shoot−em−up action game from Crack
dot Com. This package contains the Abuse game engine, in X and full screen svga versions. It
requires a mouse. This package is obsolete and will be removed later (if you still need it, contact the
maintainer). Please use abuse−sdl instead. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC
Access Concentrator (PPPoE, ADSL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC
Access Control (Token Ring, ...) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC
Amiga Club (org., user group, Amiga) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC
Area Code From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC
Automatic Computer From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC3
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[digital] Audio Compression − 3 (Dolby, DVD, Digital audio), "AC−3" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AC97
Audio CODEC 97 (Intel, CODEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACA
Asynchronous Communications Adapter From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACAD
AutoCAD (AutoCAD, CAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACAS
Application Control Architecture Services (DEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACC
Area Communication Controller (MODACOM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACC
Atari Competence Center From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
access
check user's permissions for a file From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
access
determine whether a file can be accessed From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
access control (access)
Access control refers to controlling access by a user to a computer system, or data on that system. In
formal terms, a "subject" (e.g. a user) attempts to access the "object" (e.g. system or data). An access
control system will evaluate the security levels of the subject and object in order to see if access is
permitted. Example: A simple example is the case where you enter a username and password in order
to log onto the computer. Contrast: mandatory access control The system gives users "clearance
levels", and assigns sensitivity levels to information. Therefore, if you only have "secret" clearance
level, you cannot access "top−secret" information, but you can access "secret" or "confidential"
information. See: Bell−LaPadula Model for more information. discretionary access control This
system assigns subjects (users) to one or more groups. An object (system or file) contains a DACL
(discretionary access control list) enumeration which users and groups may access the object. See:
Access Control List for more information. Key point: There are different kinds of access. Read access
means that somebody can read information, whereas write access implies that that somebody can
change the data. For example, you can get a copy of your credit report and read it, but you can't
necessarily change the data. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Access Control List (access, ACL)
Controlling access not only the system in general, but also resources within the system. For example,
firewalls can be configured to allow access to different portions of the network for different users.
Likewise, even after you log onto a file server, the server may still block access to certain files. Key
point: An Access Control List (ACL) is used to list those accounts that have access to the resource
that the list applies to. When talking about firewalls, the ACL implies the list of IP addresses that have
access to which ports and systems through the firewall. When talking about WinNT, the ACL implies
the list of users that can access a specific file or directory on NTFS. Contrast: Discretionary Access
Control is the ability to have fine grained control over who has access to what resources.
Misconception: Many people believe that firewall IP address rules or IEEE 802.11 MAC address
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Linux Dictionary
rules form robust ACLs. However, since neither IP addresses or MAC addresses provide robust
authentication, such ACLs provide only a weak form of security. When these so−called ACLs are
relied upon for security, they frequently lead to compromises as people spoof their IP or forge their
MAC address. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
access permissions
a set of permissions associated with every file and directory that determine who can read it, write to it,
or execute it. Only the owner of the file (or the super−user) can change these permissions. From
Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
accessdb
dumps the content of a man−db database in a human readable format. From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACCIS
Automated Command and Control Information System (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACCM
Asynchronous Character Control Map (PPP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
account
a cominbation of login and password which is normally created by the system administrator. The
creation of an account includes the assignment of a home directory. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Account Name
Same as Login ID, User ID, or User Name. The name assigned to a user on a UNIX/Linux system.
Multiple users can be set up on a system with unique account names, each with varying access
(permission) levels. After Linux installation, account names are assigned by the Superuser, or root
operator. From I−gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACCS
Army Command and Control System (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acct
The GNU Accounting utilities. The GNU Accounting utilities `ac', `accton', `last', `lastcomm', and `sa'
add login and process accounting support to Debian Linux. "Login accounting" provides summaries
of system resource usage based on connect time, and "process accounting" provides summaries based
on the commands executed on the system. The 'last' command is provided by the Debian sysvinit
package and not included here. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACCU
Association of C and C++ Users (org., UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACD
Automated Call Distribution (CTI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACDC
Alternating Current/Direct Current, "AC/DC" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACDI
Asynchronous Communications Device Interface (IBM, CM/2) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACE
Access Control Entry (AD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACE
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Linux Dictionary
Advanced Computing Environment (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACE
ASCII Compatible Encoding (ASCII, Internet, DOMAIN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACE
Autonomous Computer Engine (WD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ace−of−penguins
Solitaire−games with penguin−look. From the author's intro.html: "The Ace of Penguins is a set of
Unix/X solitaire games based on the ones available for Windows(tm) but with a number of
enhancements that make my wife like my versions better :−)" The package consists of the games
Pegged, Minesweeper, Solitaire, Taipei (together with a level editor), Golf, Mastermind, Merlin and
Freecell. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACF
Access Control Field From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACF
Advanced Communications Function (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACF
Apple Communications Framework (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acfax
Receive faxes using your radio and sound card acfax allows you to receive faxes using your sound
card. Typically you might use it to decode faxes sent over HF radio or from satellites. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACFC
Address and Control Field Compression (PPP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACFNCP
Advanced Communication Function / Network Control Program (IBM, ACF), "ACF/NCP" From
VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACFTCAM
Advanced Communication Function / Telecommunications Access Method (IBM, ACF),
"ACF/TCAM" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACFVTAM
Advanced Communication Function / Virtual Telecommunications Access Method (IBM, ACF),
"ACF/VTAM" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACH
Association for Computers and the Humanities (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
achilles
An artificial life and evolution simulator Achilles is an artificial life and evolution simulator that uses
Hebbian neural networks and OpenGL/SDL to simulate life in a simplified environment. It is based
on Larry Yaeger's PolyWorld. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACIA
Associacio Catalana d'Intelligencia Artificial (org., Spain, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACIA
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Linux Dictionary
Asynchronous Communications Interface Adapter From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACID
Analysis Console for Intrusion Databases (IDS, CERT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACID
Atomicity − Consistency − Isolation − Durability (DB, TP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acidlab
Analysis Console for Intrusion Databases The Analysis Console for Intrusion Databases (ACID) is a
PHP−based analysis engine to search and process a database of security events generated by various
IDSes, firewalls, and network monitoring tools. The features currently include: o Query−builder and
search interface for finding alerts matching on alert meta information (e.g. signature, detection time)
as well as the underlying network evidence (e.g. source/destination address, ports, payload, or flags).
o Packet viewer (decoder) will graphically display the layer−3 and layer−4 packet information of
logged alerts o Alert management by providing constructs to logically group alerts to create incidents
(alert groups), deleting the handled alerts or false positives, exporting to email for collaboration, or
archiving of alerts to transfer them between alert databases. o Chart and statistic generation based on
time, sensor, signature, protocol, IP address, TCP/UDP ports, or classification ACID has the ability to
analyze a wide variety of events which are post−processed into its database. Tools exist for the
following formats: o using Snort (www.snort.org) − Snort alerts − tcpdump binary logs o using
logsnorter (www.snort.org/downloads/logsnorter−0.2.tar.gz) − Cisco PIX − ipchains − iptables − ipfw
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acidwarp
This is a linux port of the popular dos program Acidwarp. Acidwarp is a program that makes neat
looking pictures and rotates the palette. Its only use is for entertainment, but it is neat. I stumbled
upon source code for Acidwarp on the net one day, and decided that it was high time someone ported
it to linux. So, here it is. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACIS
American Commitee for Interoperable Systems (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACK
/ak/ interj. 1. [common; from the ASCII mnemonic for 0000110] Acknowledge. Used to register one's
presence (compare mainstream Yo!). An appropriate response to ping or ENQ. 2. [from the comic
strip "Bloom County"] An exclamation of surprised disgust, esp. in "Ack pffft!" Semi−humorous.
Generally this sense is not spelled in caps (ACK) and is distinguished by a following exclamation
point. 3. Used to politely interrupt someone to tell them you understand their point (see NAK). Thus,
for example, you might cut off an overly long explanation with "Ack. Ack. Ack. I get it now". 4. An
affirmative. "Think we ought to ditch that damn NT server for a Linux box?" "ACK!" There is also a
usage "ACK?" (from sense 1) meaning "Are you there?", often used in email when earlier mail has
produced no reply, or during a lull in talk mode to see if the person has gone away (the standard
humorous response is of course NAK (sense 1), i.e., "I'm not here"). From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ack
Kanji code converter ACK is a highly versatile Kanji code converter. ACK can do reciprocal
conversion among Japanese EUC, Shift−JIS and 7bit JIS. JIS Kata−kana(SJIS Han−kaku Kana) is
also supported. Kanji code can be automatically detected even if the input stream contains Kata−kana
characters. Besides, ACK can be used as a Kanji code checker with very high detection rate. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACL
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Access Control List (DCE, DFS, NDS, AD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acl
Access control list utilities This package contains the getfacl and setfacl utilities needed for
manipulating access control lists. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACL
Advanced CMOS Logic From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACL
Agent Control Language (Agents) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACL
Association for Computational Linguistics (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACL
[MS] Access Compatibility Layer (MS, DB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACLF
Access Control List Facility (DCE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aclocal
automatically generate aclocal.m4 from configure.in From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACM
Address Complete Message (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACM
Association for Computing Machinery (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acm4
A multi−player aerial combat simulation. acm is an air combat simulator that runs under the X
window system. Up to eight players can engage in simultaneous air combat. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACME
A Company that Makes Everything (slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACMS
Application Control Management System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACO
AMP Communications Outlet From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACOPS
Automatic CPU Overheating Prevention System (GigaByte), "A−COPS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acorn−fdisk
Partition editor for Acorn/RISC OS machines Acorn−fdisk allows you to edit disk partitions on Acorn
machines. It understands a variety of the partition tables formats used under RISC OS, including
Filecore, ICS−IDE, EESOX and Powertec. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACOT
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Linux Dictionary
Apple Classrooms Of Tomorrow (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACP
Active Configuration Profile (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACP
Auxillary Control Process From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPA
Audio Capture and Playback Adapter (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPC
Apple Communications Protocol Card (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPI
(Advanced configuration and Power Interface) is an open industry specification co−developed by
Hewlett−Packard, Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba. ACPI establishes industry−standard interfaces for
OS−directed configuration and power management on laptops, desktops, and servers. ACPI evolves
the existing collection of power management BIOS code, Advanced Power Management (APM)
application programming interfaces (APIs, PNPBIOS APIs, Multiprocessor Specification (MPS)
tables and so on into a well−defined power management and configuration interface specification.
The specification enables new power management technology to evolve independantly in operating
systems and hardware while ensuring that they continue to work together. From ACPI
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (Intel, MS, Toshiba, ACPI, OSPM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPICA
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface − Component Architecture (ACPI, Intel), "ACPI−CA"
From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acpid
Utilities for using ACPI Modern computers support the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
(ACPI) to allow intelligent power management on your system and to query battery and configuration
status. This package contains acpid, which is the user−space daemon needed in order to make the
Linux ACPI support completely functional. In order to use this package you need a recent Kernel
(=>2.4.7). This can be one including the patches on http://acpid.sourceforge.net or a non patched one.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACPT
Automated Corporate Planning Tool From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACR
Anonymous Call Rejection From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACR
Attenuation to Crosstalk Ratio (cable) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACR
Automatic Call Recording From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACRONYM
Abreviation by CROping Names that Yield Meaning (slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acronym
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Linux Dictionary
an abbreviation. Examples of Linux related acronyms are KDE, ELF and GNU. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Access Control System (DISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Advanced Communications System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
acs
Al's Circuit Simulator −− dummy package acs, Al's Circuit Simulator, has been renamed GNUCAP.
This is a dummy package to force an upgrade to the new package name. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Alternate character set From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Architekten, Computer, Systeme (fair) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Asynchronous Communication Server From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Australian Computer Science From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACS
Australian Computer Society (org., Australia) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACSE
Association Control Service Element (OSI, ISO, DIS 8649) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACSI
Advanced/Atari Computer System Interface (Atari) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACSMIB
ATM Circuit Steering Management Information Base (ATM, MIB), "ACS−MIB" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACSNET
Academic Computing Services NETwork From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACSS
Aural Cascading Style Sheets (CSS, HTML, WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACT
Architecture Characterization Template (DISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACTA
America's Carriers Telecommunications Association (USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACTEF
ACcess TEchnologies Forum (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
activate
A
215
Linux Dictionary
read/write flags marking active boot partition From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACTPU
ACTivate Physical Unit (SNA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACTS
Advanced Communications Technologies and Services (Europe, ACTS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACU
Automatic Calling Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACU
Automatic Client Update (Novell, Netware) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ACUTA
Association of College and University Telecommunication Administrators (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AD
Active Directory (MS, WIndows, AD, DS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AD
Analog−to−Digital (D/A), "A/D" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AD
Authorized Distributor (DEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AD
Autonomous DOMAIN From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ad−hoc
A wireless networking architecture in which there is no central access point. Nodes act as peers on the
network and transmit information directly to recipient nodes. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADA
Automatic Data Acquisitions From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Ada
n. A Pascal−descended language that was at one time made mandatory for Department of Defense
software projects by the Pentagon. Hackers are nearly unanimous in observing that, technically, it is
precisely what one might expect given that kind of endorsement by fiat; designed by committee,
crockish, difficult to use, and overall a disastrous, multi−billion−dollar boondoggle (one common
description wss "The PL/I of the 1980s"). Hackers find Ada's exception−handling and inter−process
communication features particularly hilarious. Ada Lovelace (the daughter of Lord Byron who
became the world's first programmer while cooperating with Charles Babbage on the design of his
mechanical computing engines in the mid−1800s) would almost certainly blanch at the use to which
her name has latterly been put; the kindest thing that has been said about it is that there is probably a
good small language screaming to get out from inside its vast, elephantine bulk. From Jargon
Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adacgi
Ada CGI interface This package lets you build CGI applications in Ada. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Adamantix
A
216
Linux Dictionary
Adamantix, formerly known as TrustedDebian, aims to create a highly secure but usable Linux
platform. To accomplish this, the project will use currently available security solutions for Linux (like
kernel patches, compiler patches, security related programs and techniques) and knit these together to
a highly secure Linux platform. The initial release, version 0.9, became available March 18, 2003.
Version 1.0.1 was released June 12, 2003. A 'secured' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADAPSO
Association of Data Processing Service Organisation (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADAPT
Architecture Design, Analysis, and Planning Tool From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adapter
a device that allows one system to connect to and work with another. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adaptive compression
a data compression technique that dynamically adjusts the algorithm used based on the content of the
data being compressed. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADATP
Allied DATa processing Publication (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADB
A DeBugger (Unix) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADB
Apple Desktop Bus (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adbbs
ad! BBS. A perl based bbs or easy menu system. aD! BBS was basically written to provide a nice,
easy to use menu / bbs interface, currently it doesn't handle special permissions, group permissions,
etc. but they are in the 'todo' list. Supports ANSI Color. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADBS
Advanced Data Broadcasting System (DirecPC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADC
Adaptive Data Compression (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADC
Analog to Digital Converter From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADC
Apple Display Connector (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADC
Apple Distribution Center (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADC
Automatic Data Capture From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADCCP
A
217
Linux Dictionary
Advanced Data Communications Control Procedure (ANSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADD
Adapter Device Driver (OS/2) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADDC
Automatic Data Direction Control (RS−485) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADDDC
Automatic Direct Distance Dialing System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
addgroup
add a user or group to the system From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
addr2line
convert addresses into file names and line numbers. From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
addressbook
Tk personal address manager Addressbook is an address manager meant to replace your old paper
rolodex. It stores addresses, phone and fax numbers and can interact with some additional programs
(i.e., for dialing) It has a nice user interface written in Tcl/Tk. The additional suggested software will
enable additional functionality, such as automatic dialing, faxing, printing, etc. The program is still
fully functional without any of the suggested software. Author: Clemens Durka
<[email protected]> Homepage: http://home.pages.de/~addressbook/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adduser
Add and remove users and groups This package includes the adduser and deluser commands for
creating and removing users. o Adduser can create new users and groups and add existing users to
existing groups. o Deluser can remove users and groups and remove users from a given group.
Adding users with adduser is much easier than adding them by hand. Adduser will choose appropriate
UID and GID values, create a home directory, copy skeletal user configuration, allow you to set an
initial password and the GECOS field. Deluser can optionally remove and backup the user's home
directory and mail spool or all files on the system owned by him. Optionally a custom script can be
executed after each of the commands. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADE
Application Development Environment From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADE
Aufforderung zur DatenEingabe (BTX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADEPT
Administrative Data Entry for Processing Transmission (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADES
Automatic Digital Encoding System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADEW
Andrew Development Environment Workbench (ATK, Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADF
A
218
Linux Dictionary
Access control Decision Function (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADF
Automatic Document Feeder From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADI
Autocad Device Interface (CAD, AutoCAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADI
AUTODIN−to−DISN Interface (AUTODIN, DISN, mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADIMM
Asynchronous Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM, IC, Leadtek) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
adjtimex
Utility to display or set the kernel time variables This program gives you raw access to the kernel time
variables. For a machine connected to the Internet, or equipped with a precision oscillator or radio
clock, the best way to keep the system clock correct is with xntpd. However, for a standalone or
intermittently connected machine, you may use adjtimex instead to at least correct for systematic drift.
adjtimex can optionally adjust the system clock using the CMOS clock as a reference, and can log
times for long−term estimation of drift rates. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADL
Adventure Description Language From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADL
[international conference on the] Advances in Digital Libraries (IEEE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADLC
Asynchronous Data Link Control From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADM
Add−Drop−Multiplexer From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADMA
Area Division Multiple Access (mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADMD
ADministration Management DOMAIN (X.400) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
admesh
processing triangulated solid meshes Currently, ADMesh only reads the STL file format that is used
for rapid prototyping applications, although it can write STL, VRML, OFF, and DXF files. Some
features of admesh are: Fill holes in the mesh by adding facets. Repair facets by connecting nearby
facets. Repair normal directions (i.e. facets should be CCW) Remove degenerate facets (i.e. facets
with 2 or more vertices equal) Web site: http://www.varlog.com/products/admesh/ From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADMF
??? (UMTS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
admin
/ad−min'/ n. Short for `administrator'; very commonly used in speech or on−line to refer to the
systems person in charge on a computer. Common constructions on this include `sysadmin' and `site
A
219
Linux Dictionary
admin' (emphasizing the administrator's role as a site contact for email and news) or `newsadmin'
(focusing specifically on news). Compare postmaster, sysop, system mangler. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
admin
short for administrator, referring to the systems person responsible for the maintenance of a computer.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADMS
Access Device Messaging Specification (banking, Visa) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADMT
Active Directory Migration Tool (MS, AD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
admwebuser
Manage Squid or Web users using a Web browser This utility allows you to manage Squid or Web
users using only a simple Web browser. All the management tasks, including creating, changing,
removing, enabling and disabling users can be performed through an easy−to−use Web interface. This
package is also know as admuser but it was agreed that admwebuser would be a better package name
to be used instead. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADN (Advanced Digital Network)
Usually refers to a 56Kbps leased−line. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADO
ActiveX Data Objects (ASP, ODBC, MS, IIS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADONIS
ADvanced On−Screen Information System, "AdonIS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADP
Administrative Data Processing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADP
Advanced Data Processing From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADP
Automatic Data Processing (ADP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADPCM
Adaptive Delta Pulse Code Modulation From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADPE
Automatic Data Processing Equipment (ADP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADPLO
Automated Data Processing Liaison Office (ADP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADPS
Automatic Data Processing System (ADP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADPT
Automated Data Processing/Telecommunications (ADP), "ADP/T" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
220
Linux Dictionary
ADR
Advanced Digital Recording (Streamer, Philips, OnStream) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADS
Advanced Digital System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADS
Application Development System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADS
Automatic Distribution System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADS
Automatic Documenting System (LAN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADS
Auxiliary Data System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSI
Active Directory Service Interface (MS, COM, AD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSIA
Allied Data Systems Interoperability Agency (org., NATO, mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line [technology] (BELLCORE, AT&T, DSL, ADSL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop is a high−speed Internet access technology that uses a
commonly available telephone copper loop. ADSL provides data speeds from 384kbps to 1.5 Mbps,
normally using different speeds for the upstream and downstream channel (hence the " Asymmetric"
). ADSL provides a direct, dedicated pipe to an ISP. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop [modulation] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSP
Advanced Digital Signal Processor (DSP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSP
Appletalk Data Stream Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSR
Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release [generator] (VCA, audio) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADSU
ATM Data Service Unit (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADT
Abstract Data Type From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADT
Access Developer's Toolkit (MS, DB, Windows) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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221
Linux Dictionary
ADT
Application Data Type From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADT
Application Development Tools (IBM, AS/400) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADT
Atlantic Daylight Time [−0300] (TZ, AST) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADU
Automatic Dialing Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADUA
Administrative Directory User Agent From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADV
Automatisierte DatenVerarbeitung From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADV
staatliche Akademie fuer DatenVerarbeitung (org., Uni Boeblingen, Germany) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
advanced configuration and power interface (ACPI)
An industry specification that lets an operating system control power management and configuration
to PC and server components. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
advanced graphics port (AGP)
Hardware interface for the acceleration of graphics to a display such as a monitor. AGP video cards
display three−dimensional graphics faster than peripheral component interconnect (PCI) cards. From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
advanced power management (APM)
Legacy power control and configuration specification for hardware in PCs and servers. APM as a
standard has been replaced by ACPI. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI)
A system−level component interface used to connect CD−ROMs and tape drives to PCs and servers,
as defined by the enhanced integrated drive electronics (EIDE) specification. From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADVENT
/ad'vent/ n. The prototypical computer adventure game, first designed by Will Crowther on the
PDP−10 in the mid−1970s as an attempt at computer−refereed fantasy gaming, and expanded into a
puzzle−oriented game by Don Woods at Stanford in 1976. (Woods had been one of the authors of
INTERCAL.) Now better known as Adventure or Colossal Cave Adventure, but the TOPS−10
operating system permitted only six−letter filenames. See also vadding, Zork, and Infocom. This
game defined the terse, dryly humorous style since expected in text adventure games, and popularized
several tag lines that have become fixtures of hacker−speak: "A huge green fierce snake bars the
way!" "I see no X here" (for some noun X). "You are in a maze of twisty little passages, all alike."
"You are in a little maze of twisty passages, all different." The `magic words' xyzzy and plugh also
derive from this game. Crowther, by the way, participated in the exploration of the Mammoth & Flint
Ridge cave system; it actually has a `Colossal Cave' and a `Bedquilt' as in the game, and the `Y2' that
also turns up is cavers' jargon for a map reference to a secondary entrance. ADVENT sources are
available for FTP at ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/doc/misc/if−archive/games/source/advent.tar.Z. There is a
Colossal Cave Adventure page. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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222
Linux Dictionary
advi
a DVI previewer and presenter written in Objective Caml Active−DVI is a DVI previewer and
presenter written in Objective Caml (http://caml.inria.fr/ocaml/) with some eye candy effects for
presentation, support for interactive demonstrations, and embedding of arbitrary applications within
the presentation (hence the Active adjective of the presenter :). Active−DVI does not (yet) support
postscript fonts (see the README.Debian for more details). Active−DVI also has the ability to run
embedded commands, which may cause security problems when viewing untrusted DVI files. make
sure to read the README.Debian for more information From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADVS
Automatisiertes DatenVerarbeitungsSystem From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ADX
Automatic Data eXchange From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AE
Apple Events (Apple) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AE
Application Entity / Environment / Execution / Engineering (APE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEA
American Electronics Association (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEA
Asynchroner EmulationsAdapter (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEB
Analog Expansion Bus From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEC
Advanced Error Correction (CD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aee
An easy to use screen−based editor aee (advanced easy editor) is intended to be an easy to use
screen−based editor that requires no instruction to use. Its interface is highlighted by simple pop−up
menus, which makes it easy for the users to carry out tasks without remembering the commands.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEF
Access control Enforcement Function From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEGIS
Advanced Electronic Guidance and Instrumentation System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aegis
Advanced software management tool. Aegis integrates standard software tools such as gcc and cvs
into an easy to use, extensible software management system. Aegis simplifies the problems associated
with multiple developers and development trees using a transaction−based approach to version
control, along with a web−browsable repository and an integrated testing mechanism. See aegis−doc
for documentation, aegis−tk for a TK based user interface, and aegis−web for a web based user
interface. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEI
Application Enabling Interface (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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223
Linux Dictionary
AEI
Automatic Equipment Identification From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEIMP
Apple Event Interprocess Messaging Protocol (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEM
Automatic Emulation Management (Brother) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEOM
Apple Events Object Model (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEPIA
Asociacion Espanola Para la Inteligencia Artificial (org., Spain, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aeromail
Web−based e−mail client. AeroMail is a web−based e−mail client noted for its elegant interface.
Other highlights include: − attachments − images − cookie−free http authentication. It is written in
PHP using PHP's built in IMAP functions. Details at http://cushman.net/projects/aeromail/index.php
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard (cryptography) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AES
Application Environment Service / Specification (OSF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AES
Automatic Emulation Switching (Lexmark) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard, Rijndael)
The United States encryption standard that replaces the older/weaker DES standard. Contrast: The
main impetus behind AES to replace DES is the support for larger key sizes. DES uses 56−bit keys,
which can be cracked in just a few minutes (in the year 2001). In contrast, AES supports 128−bit keys
(as well as 192−bit and 256−bit). Whereas both DES and AES are fundamentally block−ciphers, AES
is also designed to be an efficient stream−cipher and hash algorithm. Whereas DES was designed to
be hardware based (software implementations are much slower), AES has been designed to be
efficient in both software and hardware. In particular, implementations in ANSI C, Java, and x86
assembly language were important. Another important criteria was the ability for the algorithm to
work within smart−cards with slow CPUs and limited memory. Key point: The NIST director in
charge of selecting the AES algorithm says: "If Moore's law continues and quantum computing
doesn't manifest itself, then I think this system will have a good 30 year run". Misconception: AES
does not replace DES. In the 1980s, DES was the most used encryption algorithm. However, due to
length of time it took the government to come up with a replacement standard, other encryption
algorithms became widely used, such as RC2, RC4, Blowfish, IDEA, and Triple DES. Moreover,
crypto has became very "pluggable", with many products supporting numerous simultaneous
encryption algorithms. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AESEBU
Auto Engineering Society/European Broadcasting Union (Digital audio), "AES/EBU" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AETE
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224
Linux Dictionary
Apple Event Terminology Extension (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aethera
Email and PIM application for KDE Aethera is a pim application, i.e. it handles all kinds of personal
information: email, contacts, notes, tasks, todos, journals. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AEUT
Apple Event User Terminology (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aewm
a minimalist window manager for X11 aewm is a minimalist window manager for X11. It has no nifty
features, but is light on resources and extremely simple in appearance. It should eventually make a
good reference implementation of the ICCCM. A few separate programs are included to handle
running programs, switching between windows, etc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aewm++
minimal window manager written in C++ aewm++ is a minimal window manager for X11, based on
aewm. It keeps aewm's minimalist look and feel but is written in C++, and adds some modern features
like virtual desktops and partial GNOME support. Also included with this package: * appbar: a small
application launcher * aewm++_fspanel: a very small panel * setrootimage: draws a gradient on the X
root window * aewm++_xsession: keeps an X session alive From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
af
An Emacs−like mail reader and composer. Af is a standalone mail reader which has an Emacs−like
interface by default. It has good facilities for handling folders, and commands for handling groups of
messages in a single operation. Af is aimed primarily at Emacs users and people who deal with large
amounts of mail daily, but other people have found it useful too. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AF
Auxiliary carry Flag (assembler) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAIC
As Far As I'm Concerned (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAICR
As Far As I Can Recall (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAICT
As Far As I Can Tell (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAIK
As Far As I Know (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAIR
As Far As I Recall / Remember (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFAMPE
[u.s.] Air Force Automated Message Processing Exchange (org., USA. mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
afbackup
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Client−Server Backup System (Server side) This is a client−server backup system offering several
workstations a centralized backup to a special backup server. Backing up only one computer is easily
possible, too. Any streaming device can be used for writing the data to it, usually this will be a tape
device. Writing backups is normally done sequentially: The next writing to tape goes to the end of the
previous write no matter where you have restored from in the meantime. Features: − Authentication
of the client is performed before it can take over control − Access restriction for the streamer device
−> security − Client−side per−file compression −> reliability − Data stream is written to tape in
pieces −> fast finding of files − Tape position logging for each file − Tape capacity is fully used −
Full / incremental backups − Raw partitions can be backed up − Client and Server buffering for
maximal throughput is done Note: Tk is required if you want to use the graphical configuration tool
instead of the text configuration tool. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFC
AntiFerromagnetically Coupled [technology] (IBM, HDD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFC
Application Foundation Classes (MS, GUI, Java) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFC
Automatic Font Change From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFCET
Association Francaise pour la Cybernetique Economique et Technique (org., France) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFD
Automatic File Distribution From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFE
Apple File Exchange (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFEB
AFrican EDIFACT Board (org., EDIFACT), "AF/EB" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
affiche
application to "stick" little notes on the desktop. Affiche is a little application that allows people to
"stick" little notes on their computer desktop. It was made for the GNUstep environment. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFI
Authority and Format Indicator (NSAP, IDP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFI
Authority Frame Identifier From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFII
Association for Font Information Interchange (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFIN
Air Force Information Network (network, USA, mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
afio
Archive file manipulation program. Afio manipulates groups of files, copying them within or between
filesystems and an afio archive. Afio archives are portable as they contain only ASCII−formatted
header information. Afio makes cpio−format archives. Afio deals somewhat gracefully with input
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Linux Dictionary
data corruption. Afio supports multi−volume archives during interactive operation. Afio can make
compressed archives that are much safer than compressed tar or cpio archives. Afio is best used as an
`archive engine' in a backup script. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFIS
AutomatisiertesFingerabdruck−InformationsSystem (INPOL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFK
Away from Keyboard (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
afm2tfm
convert Adobe font metrics to TeX font metrics From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFNET
Air Force Network (network, USA, mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFP
Advanced Function Presentation (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFP
Appletalk Filing Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFPA
Advanced Function Printing Architecture (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFPDS
Advanced Function Printing Data Stream (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFT
Authenticated Firewall Traversal (IETF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
afterstep
A window manager with the NEXTSTEP look and feel. AfterStep is a window manager based on
FVWM which attempts to emulate the NEXTSTEP look and feel, while retaining the configurability
of its predecessor. Note that this window manager makes extensive use of the color palette. If you
have only an 8−bit color display, it will run as packaged, but you may want to modify the
configuration to use fewer colors. AfterStep is a continuation of the BowMan window manager
project, but the name was changed to reflect the desire that it do more than simply emulate and
become a valuable window manager in its own right. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AfterStep
One of several user interfaces (window managers), AfterStep makes Linux look and feel much like
NeXTSTEP, with enhancements. For more on AfterStep, go to www.afterstep.org. (Also, see
Enlightenment, GNOME, KDE, and X Window System.) From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFTP
Anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AFUU
Association Francaise des Utilisateurs d'Unix (org., France, Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
AGA
Advanced Graphics Adapter From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
agbrowser
The KDE2 frontend to the AudioGalaxy Linux client. AGBrowser is a program to complement the
official satellite program for Linux from AudioGalaxy. By using AGBrowser, every dependency on
another program to search for, download, share, and manage mp3s has been satisfied. AGBrowser
requires the use of the non−open, non−free AudioGalaxy Satellite software. The installer is available
as a Debian package, agsatellite. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGC
Automatic Gain Control (audio) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGCH
Access Grant CHannel (GSM, CCCH, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Agenda−VR
there are two versions of the VR3d. One was released in December 2000 in the U.S., and the "Second
Edition" was released in January 2001 in the U.S. and in Germany. Agenda Computing was scheduled
to complete development in the spring of 2002, but their website seems to have disappeared [July 22,
2002]. Handhelds/PDA based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGEP
ArbeitsGemeinschaft Elektronisches Publizieren [e.v.] (org., DTP), "AgEP" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGF
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der GrossForschungseinrichtungen [deutschlands] (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGFMB
ArbeitsGemeinschaft Freier MailBoxen (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aggregate
CIDR network aggregation and filtering aggregate is a tool for aggregating CIDR networks. Input is
read from stdin and output is written to stdout. It understands IPv4 networks represented as
network/prefix, network/netmask and start_address − end_address. It is able to read input in any one
of these formats and output in the same or a different format. It is also able to limit the maximum and
minimum prefix length that will be output. This can be used to filter, for instance ignoring all
networks with a prefix longer than 24 bits. That is all networks smaller than a traditional Class C.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGNS
AT&T Global Network Services (AT&T) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AGP
Advanced / Accelerated Graphics Port (Intel, MMX, AGP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
agsatellite
Audiogalaxy Satellite (installer) The Audiogalaxy Satellite is a small and simple program that allows
you to share your music with friends and other users on Audiogalaxy. Audiogalaxy does not allow
redistribution of their software. Therefore, this package requires the user to fetch the Audiogalaxy
Satellite separately from their web site. When you install this package you will be guided through that
process. This package installs the file AGSatellite0520−glibc21.tar.gz from the
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Linux Dictionary
www.audiogalaxy.com website (look for "Download Satellite"). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AH
[IP] Authentication Header (IPSEC, IPV6, RFC 1826, VPN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AHIMA
American Health Information Management Association (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AHP
Analytical Hierachy Process From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AHPCRC
Army High Performance Computing Research Center (org., USA, HPC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AI
/A−I/ n. Abbreviation for `Artificial Intelligence', so common that the full form is almost never
written or spoken among hackers. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AI
Adobe Illustrator (Adobe) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AI
Artificial Intelligence From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIA
Application Integration Architecture From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIBO
Artificial Intelligence roBOt (Sony, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIC
AIX windows Interface Composer (AIX, IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIC
[SRI] Artificial Intelligence Center (SRI, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AICA
Associazione Italiana per l'Informatica ed il Calcolo Automatico (org., Italy) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AID
Application IDentifier (APDU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AID
Attention Interrupt ??? [key] (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AID
AUTODIN Interface Device (AUTODIN, mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIDA
Aktuelle Informationen in Deutsch zum Amiga (AC, Amiga) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIDAT
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229
Linux Dictionary
African Internet Development Action Team (org., Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aide
Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment AIDE creates a database from the regular expression
rules that it finds from the config file. Once this database is initialized it can be used to verify the
integrity of the files. It has several message digest algorithms (md5,sha1,rmd160,tiger,haval,etc.) that
are used to check the integrity of the file. More algorithms can be added with relative ease. All of the
usual file attributes can also be checked for inconsistencies. You will almost certainly want to tweak
the configuration file in /etc/aide/aide.conf. See manual.html for information on this file. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIDS
Automatic Installation and Diagnostic Service From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIFF
Audio Interchange File Format From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AII
Active Input Interface (UNI, PMD, FDDI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIIA
Associazione Italiana per l'Intelligenza Artificiale (org., Italy, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIIM
Association for Information and Image Management (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
Advanced Invar Mask (Display, ViewSonic) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
Alternate Input Method (OS/2) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
AOL Instant Messenger [protocol] (AOL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
Apple, IBM, Motorola [consortium] (Apple, IBM, Motorola, org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
Association of Imaging Manufacturers (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
ATM / Ascend Inverse Multiplexing [protocol] (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIM
Automatic Interface Management (Brother) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIMD
Additive−Increase Multiplicative−Decrease (TCP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aime
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Linux Dictionary
Advanced Interactive Mudding Environment A MUD/Multi−user participatory environment server
with a built−in builder port for straight−forward world creation, an online interpreted scripting engine
for game logic, and an extremely flexible track−based level/quest/profession system. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIMS
Apple Internet Mail Server (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIMSRCF
Association of Imaging Manufacturers ??? /Shared Resource Control Facility (Fujitsu), "AIM/SRCF"
From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIN
Advanced Intelligent Network (IN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIN
Auto Insert Notification (CD−R) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIO
Asynchronous Input/Output From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIP
Association of Internet Professionals (org., Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIP
Associazione Informatici Professionisti (org., Italy) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIP
ATM Interface Processor (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIR
Automatic Image Refinement (Canon), "A.I.R." From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
airsnort
WLAN sniffer A wireless LAN (WLAN) tool which cracks encryption keys on 802.11b WEP
networks. AirSnort operates by passively monitoring transmissions, computing the encryption key
when enough packets have been gathered. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIRTC
[international symposium on] Artificial Intelligence in Real−Time Control (IFAC, IFIP, IMACS,
conference) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIS
Account Information Security From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIS
Alarm Indication Signal (UNI, ATM, OAM, DS3/E3) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIS
Applied Information Sciences (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIS
Applied Information Systems (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
AIS
Arbeitgeber−Informations−Service (WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIS
Automated Information System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISB
Association of Imaging Service Bureaus (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISE
Alarm Indication Signal−External (UNI, ATM), "AIS−E" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aish
ish/base64/uuencoded_file converter Aish is a file converter, which can encode binary files to ascii
text as ish/base64/uuencoded_file. Aish can also decode them. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISIG
[south australian] Artificial Intelligence Special Interest Group (org., Australia, AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISP
Association for Internet Service Providers (org., USA, ISP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISP
Association of Information Systems Professionals (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AISSO
Automated Information Systems Security Officer (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIST
Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (org., Japan) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIT
Advanced Intelligent Tape (Sony, Streamer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIT
Angewandte InformationsTechnik [verlags gmbh] (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AITEC
[research institute for] Advanced Information TEChnology (org., Japan) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AITO
Association Internationale pour les Technologies Objets (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIUI
As I Understand It (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIW
All In Wonder [graphic card] (ATI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIW
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Linux Dictionary
APPN Implementers Workshop (org., APPN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIX
Advanced Interactive eXecutive (IBM, Unix, OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AIXESA
Advanced Interactive eXecutive/Enterprise Systems Architecture (IBM, AIX), "AIX/ESA" From
VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AJBS
Association of Japanese Business Studies (org., Japan) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AK
Application Kit (NextStep, OpenStep, Apple, Rhapsody) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AKA
Also Known As From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AKI
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der deutschen KI Institute (org., KI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Akkerman, Wichert
one of the key developers of the Debian distribution. Wichert has also written important Linux
programs such as strace and APT. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AL
Artificial Life From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AL
Assembly Language From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alamin−client
Alamin GSM SMS Gateway client Client part of the Alamin GSM SMS Gateway. Used to send
commands local or remotely to the gateway server (send a message, query a queue status, etc.). From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alamin−server
Alamin GSM SMS Gateway server Server part of the Alamin GSM SMS Gateway. This gateway
allows you to send SMS messages over a GSM network, and receive SMS messages and run a
program (called input message processor, IMP) to process the incoming message. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALAN
Audio Local Area Network (audio), "A−LAN" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALAP
Appletalk Link Access Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALAP
As Late As Possible (slang, Usenet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alarmd
KDE Alarm daemon. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALC
Adaptation Layer Controller (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALC
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Linux Dictionary
Arithmetic and Logic Circuits (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALC
Automatic Level Control From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alchemist
The alchemist is a back−end configuration architecture. Alchemist provides multi−sourced
configuration at the data level, postponing translation to native format until the last stage. It uses
XML for intermediary data encoding, and can be extended to arbitrarily large configuration scenarios.
From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Alcolix
alcolix is a minimal Linux rescue distribution with the goals of being small, compatible, and very
usable. It has a cozy shell and a multitude of partition rescue/editing tools, all based on up−to−date
releases (e.g., 2.4.x kernel with USB support). It uses cpio.bz2 data disks and has a full GRUB
bootloader, memtest86, and more. Version 2.4.20 BETA3 was released June 16, 2003. A 'special
purpose/mini' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alcovebook−sgml
Alcove customisation of the DocBook DTD and stylesheets This includes the AlcoveBook DTD
(generic, still to be refined into several other DTDs), and the Alcove DSSSL stylesheets, which
currently include: − a generic extension over Norman Walsh's modular stylesheets − a book−like style
for article − an improved article style (still somewhat experimental) It integrates smoothly within the
sgml2x framework. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALDC
Adaptive Lossless Data Compression (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALE
Address Lifetime Expectation (org., IETF, IP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALE
Application Link Enabling (R/3, SAP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALE
Atlanta Linux Enthusiasts (Linux, user group) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALE
Atomic Layer Epitaxy (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALEC
Authorized Linux Education Center (Linux, Caldera) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aleph
The Aleph programming language − runtime Aleph is a multi−threaded functional programming
language with dynamic symbol bindings that support the object oriented paradigm. Aleph has a rich
set of features providing runtime compatibility with C++. The engine runs on both 32 bits and 64 bits
platforms. It is designed to be portable across platforms. This package contains the runtime binaries &
libraries. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Aleph ARMlinux
Aleph One provides well−documented Linux distributions for various ARM−based systems. LWN
distribution survey results for February 6, 2000. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alevt
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Linux Dictionary
X11 Teletext/Videotext browser AleVT is an X11 program for browsing and searching
Teletext/Videotext pages received by a compatible decoder (at the moment, bttv). Features include: *
Multiple windows * Page cache * Regular expression searching * Built−in manual Additional
command line utilities can * receive the time from Teletext/Videotext * capture pages and write them
to disk Teletext/Videotext is used by TV channels to transmit textual information pages (it's
transmitted via non−visible scan lines). Bttv is a driver for frame grabber cards using the Bt848
family of video decoder chips. It is included in the Linux kernel starting with version 2.2 or available
separately from http://bytesex.org/bttv/ Homepage: http://www.goron.de/~froese/ From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALGOL
ALGOrithmic Language From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
algorithm
A series of rules/procedures for solving a mathematical or logical problem. From an infosec point of
few, the most interesting mathematical problems are those of cryptography. Cryptographic algorithms
of interest are those for encrypting messages or generating unique hashes. Analogy: An cookbook
recipe is an algorithm. Key point: Different algorithms have different levels of complexity. For
example, consider the ancient parable (Babylonian?) about a king and a wise subject who did a favor
for him. The subject asked for one piece of grain to be placed on the first square of a chess board, two
grains on the second, four grains on the third, and so on, doubling the amount of grain for each
successive square. This problem demonstrates an algorithm of exponential complexity. For the first
10 squares of the chess board, the series is: 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512. Thus, for the first 10
squares, roughly a thousand grains must be paid out. However, the series continues (using K=1024):
1k 2k 4k 8k 32k 64k 128k 256k 512k. Thus, for the first 20 squares, roughly a million grains must be
paid out. After 30 squares, roughly a billion grains must be paid out. For 40 squares, roughly a trillion
grains must be paid out. This is directly related to such things as key size. A 41−bit key is twice as
hard to crack as a 40−bit key. A 50−bit key is a thousand times harder. A 60−bit key is a million times
harder. This is why the 128−bit vs. 40−bit encryption debate is so important: 128−bit keys are a
trillion trillion times harder to crack (via brute force) than 40−bit keys. Key point: Most algorithms
are public, meaning that somebody trying to decrypt your message knows all the details of the
algorithm. Consequently, the message is protected solely by the key. Many people try to add
additional protection by making the details of the algorithm secret as well. Experience so far has led
to the belief that this actually leads to weaker security for two reasons. First, such secrets always get
discovered eventually, so if security depends upon this secret, it will eventually be broken. Secondly,
human intelligence is such that someone cannot create a secure algorithm on his/her own. Therefore,
only by working with a community of experts over many years can humans create a secure algorithm.
To date, only two such communities exist: the entire world of cryptography experts publishing the
details of their work and trying to break other people's work, and the tightly knit community of
cryptography experts working in secret for the NSA. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Alias
A secondary or symbolic name for a file, a collection of data, or a computer device. In a spreadsheet,
a range name, such as Income, is an alias for a range, such as A3..K3. In networks, group aliases
provide a handy way to send electronic mailed two or more people simultaneously. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alias
An alternate name, or abbreviation, used in place of a command or a sequence of commands in the C
shell and the Korn shell. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alias
An alternate name, symbolic link, network configuration, or icon that points to a corresponding file or
directory location. Aliases are useful for concatenating long strings or commands into shorter, less
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complex names. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alias
The word alias is used for many different things within infosec. In all its definitions, it generally
means somesort of alternate name for something. Some definitions used for alias are: e−mail alias
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alicq
Flexible ICQ client in pure Tcl/Tk Alicq is pure Tcl/Tk implementation of ICQ client with flexible
modularized architecture, support for ICQ2000/Oscar protocol, and ability to pick up Licq
configuration files and user database. Why would you use it? It is small, about 2500 lines as of release
0.6. It is modular and extendable in best tradition of the Tcl scripting language. New modules are easy
to write, and dozen lines Tcl module can do a lot. It is crossplatfrom: works on Unix, Windows,
Macintosh, and on any other system supported by Tcl/Tk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alien
install non−native packages with dpkg Alien allows you to convert LSB, Red Hat, Stampede and
Slackware Packages into Debian packages, which can be installed with dpkg. It can also generate
packages of any of the other formats. This is a tool only suitable for binary packages. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Alindis
A comprehensive guide to building a GNU/Linux distribution. Initial version 0.0.1 was released
January 2, 2002. Version 0.1.0 was released July 18, 2002. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALIWEB
Archie Like Indexing in the WEB (WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALK
Automatisierte LiegenschaftsKarte (ALTIS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
allcm
force the most important Computer−Modern−fonts to be calculated From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
allec
force the most important Computer−Modern−fonts to be calculated From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
allegro−demo
cool game, demonstrating power of the Allegro library This game is distributed with the Allegro
library and shows a new Allegro programmer the power of this lib. But it is more than an usual
feature demo, it is fully playable and may make some fun... From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Allison, Jeremy
one of the lead developers of the Samba Windows file−and−print−sharing software. From Linux
Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Allman, Eric
the creator of sendmail −− one of the most important pieces of software ever created by the
OpenSource community. Eric has established Sendmail, Inc., which produces both open−sourced and
proprietary versions of sendmail. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
allneeded
force the calculation of all fonts now needed From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
allow_null_glob_expansion
If set, bash allows pathname patterns which match no files (see Pathname Expansion below) to
expand to a null string, rather than themselves. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALM
Application / Appware Loadable Module (Novell, Netware) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALM
Asynchronous Line Module From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALM
Asynchronous Line Multiplexer From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alml
This package provides a SGML typesetting system. Alml is a SGML typesetting system developed
for a big italian document: "Appunti di informatica libera". Alml is made for very big documentation
projects, and can generate PDF, PostScript, HTML and pure text output. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALOE
Apple Library for Object Embedding (Apple, OpenDoc) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALP
Assembly Language Processor (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Alpha
a family of advanced RISC−based, 64−bit CPUs from Digital (now Compaq). Alpha's were
introduced back in 1992. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alpha software
The term used to describe an early release of software that will have many bugs and features missing.
See beta software. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALR
Advanced Logic Research, inc (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALS
Adjacent Link Station (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALSA
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (Linux) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALSA
The ALSA sound driver was originally written as a replacement for the Linux kernel sound for Gravis
UltraSound (GUS) cards. As this GUS replacement proved to be a success, the author started the
ALSA project for a generic driver for several sound chips, with fully modularized design. It is
compatible with the OSS/Free and OSS/Linux sound drivers (the drivers in the kernel), but has its
own interface that is even better than the OSS drivers. A list of features can be found at
http://www.alsa−project.org/intro.html. The main page of the ALSA project is
http://www.alsa−project.org/ From ALSA−HOWTO The ALSA sound drivers have proven to be such
a success that they have replaced the OSS drivers in the Linux kernel. From Binh
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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alsaconf
ALSA configurator This is configurator for ALSA driver. Run it, if you need configure your sound
card. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alsaplayer
PCM player designed for ALSA Alsaplayer is a PCM player designed specifically for use with
ALSA, but works great with OSS or EsounD. It's heavily threaded which cuts down on skipping,
offers optional and even simultaneous visual scopes, plays mp3, mp2, ogg, cdda, audiofs, and lots
more. This empty package provides an easy transition to either the gtk or text frontends; it may be
safely removed once all its dependencies are installed. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALSI
Associazione nazionale Laureati in Scienze dell'informazione e Informatica (org., Italy) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alt
/awlt/ 1. n. The alt shift key on an IBM PC or clone keyboard; see bucky bits, sense 2 (though typical
PC usage does not simply set the 0200 bit). 2. n. The `option' key on a Macintosh; use of this term
usually reveals that the speaker hacked PCs before coming to the Mac (see also feature key, which is
sometimes incorrectly called `alt'). 3. n.,obs. [PDP−10; often capitalized to ALT] Alternate name for
the ASCII ESC character (ASCII 0011011), after the keycap labeling on some older terminals; also
`altmode' (/awlt'mohd/). This character was almost never pronounced `escape' on an ITS system, in
TECO, or under TOPS−10 −− always alt, as in "Type alt alt to end a TECO command" or "alt−U onto
the system" (for "log onto the [ITS] system"). This usage probably arose because alt is more
convenient to say than `escape', especially when followed by another alt or a character (or another alt
and a character, for that matter). 4. The alt hierarchy on Usenet, the tree of newsgroups created by
users without a formal vote and approval procedure. There is a myth, not entirely implausible, that alt
is acronymic for "anarchists, lunatics, and terrorists"; but in fact it is simply short for "alternative".
From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
alt bit
/awlt bit/ [from alternate] adj. See meta bit. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALT Linux
LWN distribution survey completed May 3, 2002. ALT Linux got its start as a Linux−Mandrake
Russian Edition Spring 2001. Designed to be a universal distribution, suitable for server organization,
for user workstations and for software development, ALT Linux has diverged from its roots and split
into several projects, all with the same code base. For example, there's Castle, a secured,
RSBAC−enabled, server distribution; and ALT Linux Junior, a single−disk distribution for home
computers, designed especially for beginners, easy to install and use. The unstable Sisyphus branch
changes daily. ALT Linux Master 2.2 was released March 7, 2003. ALT Linux Junior 2.2 (Plum) was
released March 26, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALTEL
Association of Long−distance TELephone companies (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALTERNIC
ALTERnative Network Information Center (Internet, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
altgcc
Alternate gcc package for the libc5 environment. This special gcc package works with the
libc5−altdev package to build binaries for the old libc5/ld−linux.so.1 environment. It can coexist with
the standard libc6 development packages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
althea
IMAP email client for GTK+ The designers of Althea felt that there wasn't a stable, easy to use, GUI,
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) e−mail client for X Windows. The design goal was a stable
e−mail client with the richness of usability of Microsoft's Outlook, Qualcomm's Eudora, and
Cyrusoft's Mulberry. This package was built without SSL support. If you want SSL support, use the
althea−ssl package, which is available in non−US, instead. Check the documentation at
/usr/share/doc/althea/help.html before filing a bug report. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALTS
Association for Local Telecommunications Services (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ALU
Arithmetic and Logic Unit (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AM
Active Matrix (LCD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AM
Amplitude Modulation From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AM
Asynchronous Mode From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
am−utils
The 4.4BSD automounter. Amd is an automounter−−it mounts file systems "on demand" when they
are first referenced and unmounts them after a period of inactivity. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMA
Automatic Message Accounting From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMACS
AMA Collection System (AMA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amanda−client
Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver (Client) Amanda is a backup system designed
to archive many computers on a network to a single large−capacity tape drive. This package is
suitable for large amounts of data to backup. For smaller solutions take a look at afbackup, tob, taper,
... Features: * will back up multiple machines in parallel to a holding disk, blasting finished dumps
one by one to tape as fast as we can write files to tape. For example, a ~2 Gb 8mm tape on a ~240K/s
interface to a host with a large holding disk can be filled by Amanda in under 4 hours. * built on top
of standard backup software: Unix dump/restore, and later GNU Tar and others. * does simple tape
management: will not overwrite the wrong tape. * supports tape changers via a generic interface.
Easily customizable to any type of tape carousel, robot, or stacker that can be controlled via the unix
command line. * for a restore, tells you what tapes you need, and finds the proper backup image on
the tape for you. * recovers gracefully from errors, including down or hung machines. * reports
results, including all errors in detail, in email to operators. * will dynamically adjust backup schedule
to keep within constraints: no more juggling by hand when adding disks and computers to network. *
includes a pre−run checker program, that conducts sanity checks on both the tape server host and all
the client hosts (in parallel), and will send an e−mail report of any problems that could cause the
backups to fail. * can compress dumps before sending or after sending over the net, with either
compress or gzip. * can optionally synchronize with external backups, for those large timesharing
computers where you want to do full dumps when the system is down in single−user mode (since
BSD dump is not reliable on active filesystems): Amanda will still do your daily dumps. * lots of
other options; Amanda is very configurable. THIS PACKAGE RELIES ON A RUNNING
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Linux Dictionary
AMANDA SERVER IN YOUR NETWORK. For a quick start read the README.client.debian in
/usr/share/doc/amanda−client. Explanation of suggested programs: − awk and gnuplot are needed for
plotting statistics of backups From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amanda−common
Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver (Libs) This package contains libraries
required by the amanda client and server packages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amanda−server
Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver (Server) Amanda is a backup system
designed to archive many computers on a network to a single large−capacity tape drive. This package
is suitable for large amounts of data to backup. For smaller solutions take a look at afbackup, tob,
taper, ... Features: * will back up multiple machines in parallel to a holding disk, blasting finished
dumps one by one to tape as fast as we can write files to tape. For example, a ~2 Gb 8mm tape on a
~240K/s interface to a host with a large holding disk can be filled by Amanda in under 4 hours. * built
on top of standard backup software: Unix dump/restore, and later GNU Tar and others. * does simple
tape management: will not overwrite the wrong tape. * supports tape changers via a generic interface.
Easily customizable to any type of tape carousel, robot, or stacker that can be controlled via the unix
command line. * for a restore, tells you what tapes you need, and finds the proper backup image on
the tape for you. * recovers gracefully from errors, including down or hung machines. * reports
results, including all errors in detail, in email to operators. * will dynamically adjust backup schedule
to keep within constraints: no more juggling by hand when adding disks and computers to network. *
includes a pre−run checker program, that conducts sanity checks on both the tape server host and all
the client hosts (in parallel), and will send an e−mail report of any problems that could cause the
backups to fail. * can compress dumps before sending or after sending over the net, with either
compress or gzip. * can optionally synchronize with external backups, for those large timesharing
computers where you want to do full dumps when the system is down in single−user mode (since
BSD dump is not reliable on active filesystems): Amanda will still do your daily dumps. * lots of
other options; Amanda is very configurable. For a quick start read the README.server.debian in
/usr/share/doc/amanda. Explanation of suggested programs: − perl is needed for some non essential
server utilities − awk and gnuplot are needed for plotting statistics of backups − to backup the tape
server, you need to install the client too − /usr/bin/Mail from mailx is used by amcheck to mail info
about which tape is needed next, etc From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMAP
As Much As Possible (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amap
Networt protocol probing tool Amap allows you to probe IP ports for running protocols, ignoring the
port number. It does this by sending probe packets to the port and analyzing the responses. This will
allow you to find services running on non−standard ports. Having nmap installed is suggested, since
amap cannot scan for open ports (but there is an option to import nmap's output). From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMARC
AMA Recording Center (AMA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMASE
AMA Standard Entry (AMA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMAT
AMA Transmitter (AMA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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240
Linux Dictionary
amaterus
GTK+ based window manager AMATERUS is a GTK+ based Window Manager. It has some
interesting features like: * It is written with GTK * You can make "window group" and manipulate
windows which belong to the group together. * You can edit the title bar strings. * Configuration file
has an XML syntax (implementation is not so stable nor complete, though). * You can apply the
GTK+ theme to the window manager. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMATPS
AMA TeleProcessing System (AMA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amavis−postfix
Interface between MTA and virus scanner. AMaViS is a script that interfaces a mail transport agent
(MTA) with one or more virus scanners. AMaViS supports MTAs are exim, qmail, postfix, and
sendmail, although this version has been built with only postfix support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amaya
Graphical HTML Editor from w3.org Amaya is a WYSIWYG HTML Editor, based on the thot toolkit
developed at INRIA. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMCD
Active Matrix Color Display (AMD, LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMCD
Activity Monitoring Completion Detection From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMD
Active Matrix Display (LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMD
Advanced MicroDevices [inc.] (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AME
Advanced Metal Evaporated [tape] (Seagate, Streamer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AME
Advanced Modeling Extension (AutoCAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ame
hosts. These tools will provide you with the IP addresses for given host names, as well as other
information about registered domains and network addresses.You should install bind−utils if you need
to get information from DNS nameservers. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMEL
Active Matrix Electro Luminescent (AMD, LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)
Alphanumeric characters are represented by numbers ranging from 0 to 127 and are translated into a
7−bit binary code. ASCII allows for easy transfer of text−only files between different kinds of
computers. From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMH
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Linux Dictionary
Automated Material Handling From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMHS
Automated Message Handling System (MHS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMI
Alternate Mark Inversion (ISDN, T1) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMI
American Megatrends Incorporation (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ami
An X input method server for Korean text input Ami is an X input method server for Korean text
input. Hangul or Hanja Korean text can be input with Ami, which responds the requests from XIM
compliant applications. In this package, Ami has been built as a standalone version and a
WindowMaker dock. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMI
ATM Management Interface (ForeRunner) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIA
American Medical Informatics Association (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIA
Australian Medical Informatics Association (org., Australia) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIC
Apple Memory−mapped I/O Controller (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIGADE
Amiga Digital Environment (Amiga), "AmigaDE" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIGOS
Advanced Mobile Integration in General Operating Systems From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMIS
Audio Message Interface Standard From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AML
ACPI Machine Language (ACPI, ASL, BIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMLCD
Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMD, LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMMA
Advanced Memory Management Architecture From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMME
Automated Multi−Media Exchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMNET
A
242
Linux Dictionary
Allgemeines Mailbox NETzwerk (BBS, network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMOK
A Modular Operating Kernel (OS, Cray) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amor
a KDE creature for your desktop AMOR stands for Amusing Misuse Of Resources. It provides
several different characters who prance around your X screen doing tricks and giving you tips. This
package is part of the official KDE toys module. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMOS
Alpha Microsystems Operating System (OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMPE
Automated Message Processing Exchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amphetamine
jump'n run game that offers some unique visual effects Amphetamine is an exciting Jump'n run game
that offers some unique visual effects like colored lighting, fogging and coronas. You must fight
eleven evil monsters with your magic weapons. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amplifier
Any type of system on the network that can be used to amplify (increase) the the size of traffic is
known as an amplifier. Example: The classic example is the smurf amplifier. An attacker spoofs the
address of a victim and sends directed broadcasts to the amplifier, which then sends hundreds of
replies back to the victim. Thus, it only costs the attacker a single packet to send many packets to the
victim. Example: A more subtle attack is the use of DNS. The DNS response packet can be much
larger than the request. This allows an attacker to flood the victim with large packets at the cost of
small packets. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMPS
Advanced Mobile Phone Service (mobile−systems, Motorola) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMR
Audio MODEM Riser [slot] (Intel) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMS
Advanced Monitor System (OS, DEC, PDP 9, PDP 15) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMS
American Mathematical Society (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMS
Andrew Mail / Message System (Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMS
Asymmetric Multiprocessing System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMS
AUTODIN Mail Server (AUTODIN, mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMSDOS
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AMStrad Disk Operating System (Amstrad, OS), "AMS−DOS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
amstex
structured text formatting and typesetting From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMT
Active Matrix Technology (AMD, LDC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMT
Apple Media Toolkit (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMTF
Average Modulation Transfer Function From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMTFT
Active Matrix Thin Film Transistor (AMD, LCD, TFT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMTPE
Apple Media Tool Programming Environment (Apple), "AMT PE" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AMWG
Architecture Methodology Working Group (org., DISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AN
Access Node From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AN
Alternating Network From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
an
Very fast anagram generator. Generates anagrams for a phrase supplied by the user, the words used in
the anagram are taken from a specified dictionary which should contain one word per line
(default:/usr/share/dict/words). Appears to be up to 10 times faster than wordplay, especially for
longer phrases. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anacron
a cron−like program that doesn't go by time Anacron (like `anac(h)ronistic') is a periodic command
scheduler. It executes commands at intervals specified in days. Unlike cron, it does not assume that
the system is running continuously. It can therefore be used to control the execution of daily, weekly
and monthly jobs (or anything with a period of n days), on systems that don't run 24 hours a day.
When installed and configured properly, Anacron will make sure that the commands are run at the
specified intervals as closely as machine−uptime permits. This package is pre−configured to execute
the daily jobs of the Debian system. You should install this program if your system isn't powered on
24 hours a day to make sure the maintenance jobs of other Debian packages are executed each day.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anacron
Anacron (like `anac(h)ronistic') is a periodic command scheduler. It executes commands at intervals
specified in days. Unlike cron, it does not assume that the system is running continuously. It can
therefore be used to control the execution of daily, weekly, and monthly jobs (or anything with a
period of n days), on systems that do not run 24 hours a day. When installed and configured properly,
Anacron will make sure that the commands are run at the specifiedintervals as closely as
machine−uptime permits. This package is pre−configured to execute the daily jobs of the RedHat
Linux system. You should install this program if your system is not powered on 24 hours a day to
make sure the maintenance jobs ofother Red Hat Linux packages are executed periodically. From
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Linux Dictionary
Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
analog
analyzes logfiles from web servers Analog is a fast logfile processor that generates usage statistic
reports for your web server. Features: * It's fast. Very fast. It can process millions of lines per minute.
* It's very scalable. * It's very flexible. The default output will be satisfactory for most people, but
there are hundreds of options producing 32 different reports for those who want to do things
differently. * It can output in many different languages, and 4 output formats. * It produces attractive
output that complies with the HTML spec (and so can be read on any browser). * It can read logfiles
in almost any format. * It can be run at the command line or from a web form interface. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anarchism
An exhaustive exploration of Anarchist theory and practice. The Anarchist FAQ is an excellent source
of information regarding Anarchist (libertarian socialist) theory and practice. It covers all major
topics, from the basics of Anarchism to very specific discussions of politics, social organization, and
economics. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANBU
ANlagenBUchhaltung From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANCS
AT&T Netware Connect Services (AT&T, Netware) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
and
Auto Nice Daemon The auto nice daemon activates itself in certain intervals and renices jobs
according to their priority and CPU usage. Jobs owned by root are left alone. Jobs are never increased
in their priority. The renice intervals can be adjusted as well as the default nice level and the
activation intervals. A priority database stores user/group/job tuples along with their renice values for
three CPU usage time ranges. Negative nice levels are interpreted as signals to be sent to a process,
triggered by CPU usage; this way, Netscapes going berserk can be killed automatically. The strategy
for searching the priority database can be configured. AND also provides network−wide configuration
files with host−specific sections, as well as wildcard/regexp support for commands in the priority
database. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANDF
Architecture Neutral Distribution Format (OSF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANFSCD
And Now For Something Completely Different (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
angle brackets
n. Either of the characters < (ASCII 0111100) and > (ASCII 0111110) (ASCII less−than or
greater−than signs). Typographers in the Real World use angle brackets which are either taller and
slimmer (the ISO `Bra' and `Ket' characters), or significantly smaller (single or double guillemets)
than the less−than and greater−than signs. See broket, ASCII. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANHR
Access Node Hub Router (AN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANI
Automatic Number Identification From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
animals
Traditional AI animal guessing engine using a binary tree DB You think of an animal, and this
package tries to guess it... when it's wrong, you teach it about your animal. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
A
245
Linux Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anjuta
A GNOME development IDE, for C/C++. Anjuta is a GNOME development IDE and can be used to
create either GNOME/Gtk+ applications with glade or glade−gnome or can be used for creating
generic applications. It is designed for use with C/C++ and therefore features an easy to use debugger
and compilation environment. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANMA
Apple Network Managers Association (org., Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANMP
Advanced ??? Network Management Protocol From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANN
Artificial Neural Networks (NN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anonymous FTP
A means of transferring and obtaining files that are available for public download from FTP sites. The
publicly available files are usually kept in a directory called /pub/. See File Transfer Protocol (FTP).
From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anonymous FTP
A method of file transfer that allows you to log in to an FTP server as a guest. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
anonymous FTP
Access to FTP servers with an account name of "anonymous" or "ftp" (or sometimes "guest"). When
you access FTP URLs with your web browser, it will automatically use anonymous FTP. This means
that conceptually, anonymous FTP provides access similar to standard HTTP. However, there is a
slight difference. Anonymous FTP servers are frequently misconfigured to allow for anonymous write
access to the same directories as read access. Hackers regularly scan the Internet looking for
anonymous FTP servers that they can use as drop−off spots for porn and warez. From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANR
Access Node Router From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANS
Advanced Network & Services Inc. (IBM, MCI. Merit, NFSnet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANS
American National Standard (ANSI, ISO, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSA
Advanced Networked Systems Architecture (ISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSI
American National Standard Institute (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
A standards body made up of industry representatives. For infosec purposes, the two interesting areas
are the X9 standards for financial/banking, and the X12 standards for EDI (also governing
health−care transactions). Contrast: ANSI is the American representative to the ISO. ANSI is made
up of industry, whereas NIST specifies standards only for use within government. From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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246
Linux Dictionary
ANSI /an'see/
1. n. [techspeak] The American National Standards Institute. ANSI, along with the International
Organization for Standards (ISO), standardized the C programming language (see K&R, Classic C),
and promulgates many other important software standards. 2. n. [techspeak] A terminal may be said to
be `ANSI' if it meets the ANSI X3.64 standard for terminal control. Unfortunately, this standard was
both over−complicated and too permissive. It has been retired and replaced by the ECMA−48
standard, which shares both flaws. 3. n. [BBS jargon] The set of screen−painting codes that most
MS−DOS and Amiga computers accept. This comes from the ANSI.SYS device driver that must be
loaded on an MS−DOS computer to view such codes. Unfortunately, neither DOS ANSI nor the BBS
ANSIs derived from it exactly match the ANSI X3.64 terminal standard. For example, the ESC−[1m
code turns on the bold highlight on large machines, but in IBM PC/MS−DOS ANSI, it turns on
`intense' (bright) colors. Also, in BBS−land, the term `ANSI' is often used to imply that a particular
computer uses or can emulate the IBM high−half character set from MS−DOS. Particular use depends
on context. Occasionally, the vanilla ASCII character set is used with the color codes, but on BBSs,
ANSI and `IBM characters' tend to go together. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSI C
a revision of C, adding function prototypes, structure passing, structure assignment and standardised
library functions. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSI standard
/an'see stan'd*rd/ The ANSI standard usage of `ANSI standard' refers to any practice which is typical
or broadly done. It can also be applied in a jovial context in which everyone does something in the
same way but it is not quite regulation. For example: ANSI standard shaking of a laser printer
cartridge to get extra life from it, or the ANSI standard word tripling in names of usenet alt groups.
From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANSPAG
Advanced Network System Performance and Application Group (RDN−CRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ant
Java based build tool like make A system independent (i.e. not shell based) build tool that uses XML
files as "Makefiles". For more information see http://jakarta.apache.org/ant/index.html. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANTC
Advanced Networking Test Center (org., USA, AMD, FDDI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Anti−Aliasing
a method used to better define higher resolution objects in lower resolution. It is a term often used for
fonts. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
antiword
Converts MS Word files to text and ps Antiword is a free MS Word reader. It converts the binary files
from MS Word 6, 7, 97 and 2000 to text and Postscript. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANTS
AT&T Novell Telephone Services (AT&T, Novell), "A/NTS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ANUML
Australian National University Meta Language, "ANU ML" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AO
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247
Linux Dictionary
Arvutikasutaja Oskustunnistus (Org, Estonia) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ao40tlmview
Decoder and Viewer for AO−40 Telemetry AO40tlmview decodes the binary telemetry transmitted
by the AMSAT OSCAR 40 satellite. It provides an ncurses−based (i.e., text−mode) interface for
browsing through the telemetry blocks. The telemetry blocks can either be read from a file (e.g.,
downloaded from the AMSAT telemetry archive), or received live through a TCP or UDP connection
to a demodulator. Furthermore, it can produce simple graphs of the telemetry, either through gnuplot
if running in a graphical (X11) environment, or as a crude ASCII graph when running in a text−only
environment. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOA
American Optometric Association (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOAC
Always On, Always Connected (NBS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOCD
Advice Of Charge, During the call From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOCE
Advice Of Charge, at the End of the call From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOCE
Apple Open Collaboration Environment (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AODI
Always On / Dynamic ISDN (ISDN, ACTEF), "AO/DI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOE
Application Operating Environment (AT&T) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOI
Active Output Interface (UNI, PMD, FDDI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOL
America OnLine (network, AOL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aolserver
AOL Web Server This is the web engine that powers the mighty America On−Line. It is capable of
serving a tremendous number of users, and can publish hundreds of virtual servers within the same
process at the same time. It is similar in many respects to Zope, except based largely on Tcl. It is
multi−threaded, and has a C API that can be used to extend its functionality. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOS
Advanced Operating System (OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOS
Algebraic Operating System (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOTC
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Linux Dictionary
Australian Overseas Telecommunications Corporation (org., Australia) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOU
Arithmetic Output Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AOW
Asia and Oceania Workshop (OSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AP
Access Point (WLAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AP
Access Provider (ETSI, ETSI 201 671) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AP
Application Processor From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AP
Auto Precharge (SDRAM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AP
Automatic Pagination From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APA
Adaptive Packet Assembly From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APA
All Points Addressable From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APA
Arithmetic Processing Accelerator From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Apache
Apache is the leading internet web server, with over 60% market share, according to the Netcraft
survey. Several key factors have contributed to Apache's success: The Apache license. It is an open
source, BSD−like license that allows for both commercial and non−commercial uses of Apache.
Talented community of developers with a variety of backgrounds and an open development process
based on technical merits. Modular architecture. Apache users can easily add functionality or tailor
Apache to their specific enviroment. Portable: Apache runs on nearly all flavors of Unix (and Linux),
Windows, BeOs, mainframes... Robustness and security. Many commercial vendors have adopted
Apache−based solutions for their products, including Oracle, Red Hat and IBM. In addition, Covalent
provides add−on modules and 24x7 support for Apache. The following websites use Apache or
derivatives. Chances are that if Apache is good enough for them, it is also good enough for you.
Amazon.com Yahoo! W3 Consortium Financial Times Network solutions MP3.com Stanford From
the Apache website: The Apache Project is a collaborative software development effort aimed at
creating a robust, commercial−grade, featureful, and freely−available source code implementation of
an HTTP (Web) server. The Apache project has grown beyond building just a web server into other
critical server side technologies like Java or XML. The Apache Software Foundation, described in the
next section, serves as an umbrella for these projects. From Apache Overview HOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apache
Versatile, high−performance HTTP server The most popular server in the world, Apache features a
modular design and supports dynamic selection of extension modules at runtime. Some of its strong
points are its range of possible customization, dynamic adjustment of the number of server processes,
and a whole range of available modules including many authentication mechanisms, server−parsed
HTML, server−side includes, access control, CERN httpd metafiles emulation, proxy caching, etc.
Apache also supports multiple virtual homing. Separate Debian packages are available for PHP3,
mod_perl, Java Servlet support, Apache−SSL, and other common extensions. More information is
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Linux Dictionary
available at http://www.apache.org/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APAR
Authorized Program Analysis Report (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APC
American Power Conversion (manufacturer, UPS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APC
ArbeitsPlatz Computer (SNI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APC
Association for Progressive Communications (org., network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apcalc
Arbitrary precision calculator (original name: calc) Calc is an arbitrary precision arithmetic system
that uses a C−like language. Calc is useful as a calculator, an algorithm prototyper and as a
mathematical research tool. More importantly, calc provides one with a machine independent means
of computation. Calc comes with a rich set of builtin mathematical and programmatic functions. Calc
is built on top of the library libcalc that represents numeric values as fractions reduced to their lowest
terms. This library can also be used to add arbitrary precision capabilities to your own programs and
is available in the Debian package `apcalc−dev'. The original name of this package is `calc', but it had
to be changed to `apcalc' for Debian, because there's already another package called `calc' in Debian.
Nevertheless, the binary and manpage installed by this package are still named `calc'. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apcd
APC Smart UPS daemon This daemon monitors an APC UPS either as master, with the serial cable
attached to it, or as a slave, with a network connection to the master. The daemon constantly gathers
information from the UPS (battery load, Temperature, workload, etc.) and logs them to a file. It shuts
down the system cleanly after a certain period of constant power failure or if the battery load falls
below a certain level. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APCUG
Association of Personal Computer User Groups (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apcupsd
APC UPS Power Management Controls / monitors the status of an APC UPS under Linux. Allows
your computer or server to run for a specified length of time on UPS power, and then executes a
controlled shutdown in the case of an extended power failure. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APD
Additional Product Documentation From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APDA
Apple Programmers and Developers Association (org., Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APDPR
Advanced PDF Password Recovery (PDF) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APDU
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Linux Dictionary
Application Protocol Data Unit (OSI, PDU, OSI/RM, APDU, ICC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APE
APplication Engineering From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APEL
A Portable EMACS Library (EMACS, GNU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apel
Portable Emacs Library APEL stands for A Portable Emacs Library poe.el emulation module mainly
for basic functions and special forms/macros of latest emacsen poem.el provide basic functions to
write portable MULE programs mcharset.el provide MIME charset related features broken.el provide
information of broken facilities of Emacs. pccl.el utility to write portable CCL program and some
utilities. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APEX
Advanced Packet EXchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APF
Advanced Printer Function (IBM, ADT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apg
Automated Password Generator − Standalone version APG (Automated Password Generator) is the
tool set for random password generation. It generates some random words of required type and prints
them to standard output. This binary package contains only the standalone version of apg. This is the
first version that can be compiled without SHA, which _should_ make it ok for main. This upload
went to non−US nevertheless because I want to have a second opinion. Advantages: * Built−in ANSI
X9.17 RNG (Random Number Generator)(CAST/SHA1) * Built−in password quality checking
system (now it has support for Bloom filter for faster access −−[ BETA ]−−) * Two Password
Generation Algorithms: 1. Pronounceable Password Generation Algorithm (according to NIST FIPS
181) 2. Random Character Password Generation Algorithm with 35 configurable modes of operation
* Configurable password length parameters * Configurable amount of generated passwords * Ability
to initialize RNG with user string * Support for /dev/random * Ability to crypt() generated passwords
and print them as additional output. * Special parameters to use APG in script * Ability to log
password generation requests for network version * Ability to control APG service access using tcpd
* Ability to use password generation service from any type of box (Mac, WinXX, etc.) that connected
to network * Ability to enforce remote users to use only allowed type of password generation The
client/server version of apg has been deliberately omitted. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
API
Application Program Interface (API) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
API
Associacao Portuguesa de Informatica (org., Portugal) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APIC
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (Intel, PIC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APIS
Arbeitsdatei PIOS Innere Sicherheit (INPOL, PIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APL
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A Perspicuous Language / Alles Parallel Loesbar (APL, slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APL
A Programming Language (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APLSF
A Programming Language with Shared Files (CMU, DEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APLSF
A Programming Language with Shared Variables (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APLV
Arbeitsdatei PIOS LandesVerrat (INPOL, PIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APM
Advanced Power Management From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APM (Advanced Power Management)
An industry standard for allowing the system processor and various components to enter
power−saving modes, including suspend, sleep and off. APM software is especially important for
mobile devices, because it saves battery power. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apmd
APMD is a set of programs for controlling the Advanced Power Management daemon and utilities
found in most modern laptop computers. APMD can watch your notebook's battery and warnusers
when the battery is low. APMD is also capable of shutting down the PCMCIA sockets before a
suspend. Install the apmd package if you need to control the APM system on your laptop. From
Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apmd
Utilities for Advanced Power Management (APM) On laptop computers, the Advanced Power
Management (APM) support provides access to battery status information and may help you to
conserve battery power, depending on your laptop and the APM implementation. The apmd program
also lets you run arbitrary programs when APM events happen (for example, you can eject PCMCIA
devices when you suspend, or change hard drive timeouts when you connect the battery). This
package contains apmd(8), a daemon for logging and acting on APM events; and apm(1), a client that
prints the information in /proc/apm in a readable format. apmd is notified of APM events by the APM
driver in the kernel. Recent Debian kernels are built with APM support but it is disabled by default.
You need to boot the kernel with the "apm=on" option if you want to enable the driver. (You may
need to add this option to your lilo command line.) From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APMS
Automated Program Management information System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APNIC
Asian Pacific Network Information Center (org., Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APO
Advanced Planner and Optimizer (SAP, SCM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APOK
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Arbeitsdatei PIOS Organisierte Kriminalitaet (INPOL, PIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APOP
Autenticated Post Office Protocol (Internet, POP, RFC 1734) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
app
/ap/ n. Short for `application program', as opposed to a systems program. Apps are what systems
vendors are forever chasing developers to create for their environments so they can sell more boxes.
Hackers tend not to think of the things they themselves run as apps; thus, in hacker parlance the term
excludes compilers, program editors, games, and messaging systems, though a user would consider all
those to be apps. (Broadly, an app is often a self−contained environment for performing some
well−defined task such as `word processing'; hackers tend to prefer more general−purpose tools.) See
killer app; oppose tool, operating system. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APP
Application Portability Profile From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPC
Advanced Peer−to−Peer Communications (IBM, SNA, LU 6.2) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPC
Advanced Program to Program Communication (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPC
Application Program to Program Converter (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPCM
Access Protection and Priority Control Mechanism (DQDB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPCP
Advanced Program to Program Communications Protocol (APPC, IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPEL
A P3P Preference Exchange Language (P3P) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
append
To place after, or at the end of, a character, a line, or a file. In the vi editor, certain commands let you
append text in a document. In the Bourne and C shells, the symbol >> allows you to append output to
an existing file (or create a new file if the file does not yet exist). From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
append mode
In vi, the mode that allows you to type new text after existing text in a file; terminate this mode by
pressing ESC. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Append Symbol
The > keyboard character, repeated (i.e., >>). It is often used to send the output from a command to a
text file, appending the data to the end of the file, rather than replacing the existing content. For
example, ls −a >> output.txt sends the current directory list to a file called output.txt, and adds it to
the end of the file. Repeating the command will continue to add new data to the end of the file. (Also,
see Piping Symbol and Redirection Symbol.) From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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APPI
Advanced Peer to Peer Internetworking (Cisco) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apple2
Apple ][ Emulator This is a fully−functional 100% Apple ][ emulator for the Linux console. It is
partly written in 386 (AT&T) assembler and partly in C. You can switch diskettes using a diskette
database through an intuitive interface. Furthermore, it is possible to trim the speed of the emulator
and it runs in full speed (approximately) twice as fast as an standard Apple II+ on a 486DX−50. It
uses the svgalib's key scancodes and implements the undocumented 6502 instructions (required by at
least two games: Bug Attack and MS Pacman). Because the Apple ROMs are copyrighted, they are
not included here. You will have to make copies of them from your old Apple computer. If you don't
want to mess around with this, you can find a copy at:
http://geta.life.uiuc.edu/~badger/files/apple_II.rom http://geta.life.uiuc.edu/~badger/files/slot6.rom
Transferring your old Apple disks is a bit of work, but you can save yourself the trouble of digging up
your old masters by seeing if some kind soul has already done the work for you at:
ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/images/ Remember, you can only use these ROMs and images
_legally_ if you already own the original. Have fun! (Ahhh.... What memories!) From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
applet
A small application, usually a utility or other simple program, that can be executed on a graphical
desktop panel. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Applet
A small Java program that can be embedded in an HTML page. Applets differ from full−fledged Java
applications in that they are not allowed to access certain resources on the local computer, such as
files and serial devices (modems, printers, etc.), and are prohibited from communicating with most
other computers across a network. The common rule is that an applet can only make an Internet
connection to the computer from which the applet was sent. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Application Program Interface (API)
System software that provides a complete set of functions and resources on which programmers can
draw to create interface features, such as pull down menus, command names, dialog boxes, keyboard
commands, and windows. In network systems, an API establishes how programes use various
network features. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APPN
Advanced Peer to Peer Networking (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
appres
list X application resource database From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
appunti−informatica−libera
Italian documentation about free software This package contains the HTML version of "Appunti di
Informatica Libera" written by Daniele Giacomini <[email protected]>. The entire book is in
Italian and there are no translations into other languages. The book can be downloaded in other
formats from ftp://a2.swlibero.org/a2/. Questo pacchetto contiene la version HTML di "Appunti di
Informatica Libera" di Daniele Giacomini <[email protected]>. L'intera opera h in Italiano e non
esistono traduzioni in altre lingue. L'opera pur essere scaricata in altri formati da
ftp://a2.swlibero.org/a2/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APR
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Linux Dictionary
Arbeitsdatei PIOS Rauschgift (INPOL, PIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apropos
search the manual page names and descriptions From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aprsd
Internet Gateway for the Automatic Position Reporting System aprsd is an internet to RF gateway
(igate) for the APRS Automatic Position Reporting System. It allows hams on the Internet to send text
messages to hams on RF, especially when linked to the worldwide APRServe network
(www.aprs.net). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aprsdigi
Digipeater for APRS aprsdigi is a repeater for the Automatic Position Reporting System, APRS. It
also includes aprsmon, a one−way gateway to APRS on TCP/IP. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APS
Active Pixel Sensor From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APS
Application Page Server From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APS
Application Service Provider (WAN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APS
Asynchronous Protocol Specification From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APSE
Ada Programming Support Environment From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APSE
Agfa Publishing Systems Environment (Agfa, DTP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apsfilter
Magic print filter with automatic file type recognition apsfilter makes printing many file formats
much easier. It features on−the−fly decompression and conversion, and works on both PostScript and
non−PostScript (via Ghostscript) graphical printers. Among the supported formats are: gzip, bzip2,
compress, freeze, pack, ASCII, BMP, data (PCL, etc.), DVI, FBM, FIG, FITS, GIF, Group 3 fax,
HTML, IFF ILBM, JPEG, Kodak Photo CD, MGR, MIFF, PBM/PGM/PNM/PPM, PDF, PNG,
PostScript, RLE, SGI, Sketch, Sun raster, Targa, TIFF, troff, WPG, X pixmap, XCF. Note that actual
support depends on the installed filter programs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APSL
Apple Public Source License (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APT
Address Pass Through From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt
Advanced front−end for dpkg This is Debian's next generation front−end for the dpkg package
manager. It provides the apt−get utility and APT dselect method that provides a simpler, safer way to
install and upgrade packages. APT features complete installation ordering, multiple source capability
and several other unique features, see the Users Guide in /usr/share/doc/apt/guide.text.gz From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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APT
Advanced Photoscale Technology (Brother) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APT
Automatically Programmed Tools From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−cache
APT package handling utility − cache manipulator From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−cdrom
APT CDROM managment utility From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−config
APT Configuration Query program From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−dpkg−ref
APT, Dpkg Quick Reference sheet A quick lookup chart with various APT and dpkg options for
handy reference, for those who haven't quite memorized the most commonly used commands. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−extracttemplates
Utility to extract DebConf config and templates from Debian packages From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−file
APT package searching utility −− command−line interface apt−file is a command line tool for
searching packages for the APT packaging system. Unlike apt−cache, you can search in which
package a file is included or list the contents of a package without installing or fetching it. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−ftparchive
Utility to generate index files From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−get
APT package handling utility − command−line interface From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−listchanges
Display new Debian changelog entries from .deb archives apt−listchanges is a tool to show what has
been changed in a new version of a Debian package, as compared to the version currently installed on
the system. It does this by extracting the relevant entries from the Debian changelog file, usually
found in /usr/share/doc/package/changelog.Debian.gz It can be run on several .deb archives at a time
to get a list of all of the changes that would be effected by installing or upgrading a group of
packages. It can be configured to do this automatically during upgrades using apt. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−move
Move cache of Debian packages into a mirror hierarchy apt−move is used to move a collection of
Debian package files into a proper archive hierarchy of the form debian/dists/... It is intended as a tool
to help manage the apt−get(8) file cache, but could be configured to work with any collection of
Debian packages. Running apt−move periodically will assist in managing the resulting partial mirror
by optionally removing obsolete packages, and creating valid local Packages.gz files. It can also
optionally employ rsync(1) to build a partial or complete local mirror of a Debian binary distribution
(including an ``installed−packages only'' mirror). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−proxy
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Linux Dictionary
Debian archive proxy and partial mirror builder apt−proxy automatically builds a Debian HTTP
mirror based on requests which pass through the proxy. It's great for multiple Debian machines on the
same network with a slower internet link. The archive is automatically kept up to date using http, ftp
or rsync. Cache cleaning of unused and old versions is configurable. You can also import the contents
of your apt cache into the archive using apt−proxy−import. For more information, see the apt−proxy
homepage at http://apt−proxy.sourceforge.net The suggested packages are needed for the following
features: wget for http/ftp backend support, rsync for rsyncd backends, dpkg−dev for
apt−proxy−import and stat for improved apt−proxy performance. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−setup
add apt download sources From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−show−source
Shows source−package information This program parses the APT lists for source packages and the
dpkg status file and then lists every package with a different version number than the one installed.
It's very useful if your deb−src sources.list entries point to unstable and your deb entries point to
stable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−show−versions
Lists available package versions with distribution apt−show−versions parses the dpkg status file and
the APT lists for the installed and available package versions and distribution and shows upgrade
options within the specific distribution of the selected package. This is really useful if you have a
mixed stable/testing environment and want to list all packages which are from testing and can be
upgraded in testing. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−sortpkgs
Utility to sort package index files From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−spy
writes a sources.list file based on bandwidth tests. Downloads from debian.org a list of current mirrors
and tests each of the mirrors for bandwidth. Writes a /etc/apt/sources.list file based on the responses it
gets. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−utils
APT utility programs This package contains some infrequently used APT utility programs such as
apt−ftparchive, apt−sortpkgs and apt−extracttemplates. apt−extracttemplates is used by debconf to
prompt for configuration questions before installation. apt−ftparchive is used to create Package and
other index files. apt−sortpkgs is a Package/Source file normalizer. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
apt−zip
Update a non−networked computer using apt and removable media These scripts simplify the process
of using dselect and apt on a non−networked Debian box, using removable media like ZIP floppies.
One generates a `fetch' script (supporting backends such as wget and lftp, in a modular, extensible
way) to be run on a host with better connectivity, check space constraints of your removable media,
and then install the package on your Debian box. Note on current version: space−checking is not done
and spanning multiple disks is not yet supported. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APTC
Advanced Processor Temperature Control (Chaintech) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aptitude
curses−based apt frontend aptitude is a curses−based apt frontend with a number of useful extended
features, including: a mutt−like syntax for matching packages in a flexible manner, dselect−like
persistence of user actions, the ability to retrieve and display the Debian changelog of most packages,
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Linux Dictionary
and extreme flexibility and customization. aptitude is also Y2K−compliant, non−fattening, naturally
cleansing, and housebroken. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APTM
Application Program to Transaction Manager (TP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
APW
Arbeitsdatei PIOS Waffen (INPOL, PIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AR
Administrative Request [message] (LFAP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ar
create, modify, and extract from archives From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARA
Administrative Request Acknowledge [message] (LFAP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARA
Affiliate Registration Authority (RA, PKI, ITU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARA
Apple[talk] Remote Access (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Arabeyes Project
Arabeyes is a Meta project that is aimed at fully supporting the Arabic language in the Unix/Linux
environment. It is designed to be a central location to standardize the Arabization process. Arabeyes
relies on voluntary contributions by computer professionals and enthusiasts all over the world. From
LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARAG
AntiReflection AntiGlare (ViewSonic) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aranym
Atari Running on Any Machine aranym is a 32bit Atari ST/TT/Falcon software layer (read as virtual
machine) for Atari applications. NOTE: For proper use you will need image of Atari Falcon ROM or
you can use open source ROM image from EmuTOS project at http://emutos.sf.net From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARAP
Apple Remote Access Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARB
Architecture Review Board (OpenGL, manufacturer, org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arbortext−catalog
Catalog support classes and parsing tools These Java classes implement the OASIS Entity
Management Catalog format for resolving XML public identifiers into accessible files or resources on
a user's system or throughout the Web. These definitions can easily be incorporated into most
Java−based XML processors, thereby giving the users of these processors all the benefits of public
identifier use. Two sample applications for parsing catalogs and resolving entities are included.
Related tools that provide catalog support for the Saxon and XT xslt processors are available in the
saxon−catalog and xt−catalog packages. Author: Norman Walsh <[email protected]> Homepage:
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Linux Dictionary
http://www.arbortext.com/customer_support/updates_and_technical_notes/catalogs/docs/README.htm
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARC
Advanced RISC Computing [architecture] (ACE, RISC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARCA
Advanced RISC Computing Architecture (ACE, RISC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Arcangeli, Andrea
employed by SuSE as a kernel developer, Andrea has created the IKD kernel debugging tool and the
workaround for a famous TCP incompatibility between Solaris and Linux. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arch
print machine architecture From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arch
revision control system arch is a revision control system with features that are ideal for projects
characterized by widely distributed development, concurrent support of multiple releases, and
substantial amounts of development on branches. It is intended to replace CVS and corrects many
mis−features of that system. Highlights: − distributed databases − fancy merging − renames handling
− web interface From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Arch Linux
Arch Linux is an i686−optimized Linux distribution. It is lightweight and contains the latest stable
versions of software. Packages are in .tar.gz format and are tracked by a package manager that is
designed to allow easy package upgrades. Arch is designed to be streamlined while allowing for a
customized configuration, with newer features such as reiserfs/ext3 and devfs. The inital version, 0.1,
was released March 11, 2002. Arch 0.4 (Dragon) was released December 18, 2002. Arch Linux
released Pacman 2.1 (package manager) on August 22, 2002. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Archie
A tool (software) for finding files stored on anonymous FTP sites. You need to know the exact file
name or a substring of it. By 1999 Archie had been almost completely replaced by web−based search
engines. Back when FTP was the main way people moved files over the Internet archie was quite
popular. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
architecture
The design, 0, and integration of components within a computer system, primarily determined by the
central processing unit that the system employs. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Archive
A single large file containing multiple files, usually compressed to save storage space. Often created
to facilitate transferring between computers. Popular archival formats include ARJ, TAR, ZIP and
ZOO. Also, to create such an archive file. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
archive
To collect files into one large file for storage or backup purposes. Archives are often used for the
purpose of saving disk space. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
archivemail
archive and compress your old email Archivemail moves old mail out of a mailbox (in Maildir, MH,
or mbox−format) and archives it in a compressed mbox−format mailbox file. It is well suited to be
run from cron for automatic archiving of your old mail. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
ARCNET
Attached Resource Computer NETwork (Datapoint), "ARCnet" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARE
All Routes Explorer (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arena
n. [common; Unix] The area of memory attached to a process by brk(2) and sbrk(2) and used by
malloc(3) as dynamic storage. So named from a malloc: corrupt arena message emitted when some
early versions detected an impossible value in the free block list. See overrun screw, aliasing bug,
memory leak, memory smash, smash the stack. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AREXX
Amiga Restructured EXtended eXecutor [language] (Amiga, Commodore, REXX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arg
/arg/ n. Abbreviation for `argument' (to a function), used so often as to have become a new word (like
`piano' from `pianoforte'). "The sine function takes 1 arg, but the arc−tangent function can take either
1 or 2 args." Compare param, parm, var. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
argante
A new virtual operating system A new Polish (complete!) virtual operating system − written to be
secure and stable − and, by the way, very efficient. Argante supports Hierarchical Access Control
(HAC) and OSI architecture and also DISTRIBUTED NETWORKING. So every software written for
Argante can be divided into some parts, each of them running on diferrent computer (the software is
platform independent, so one of modules can run on Linux, the other one − on FreeBSD, NetBSD,
OpenBSD, SunOS/Solaris or IRIX). Compiled without SSL support because of restrictions in some
countries − but you can use ssh tunnelling to get secure rIPC connections. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
argument
a mathematical term that refers to a number, character or word which changes the action of the
command it is applied to. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Argument
Words, phrases or numbers that you enter on the same command line as a command or a statement to
expand or modify how that command or statement operates. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
argus−client
IP network transaction auditing tool argus is a network transaction auditing tool that allows the user to
easily classify connections using tcpdump(1) compliant expressions. Argus runs as an application
level daemon, promiscuously reading network datagrams from a specified interface, and generates
network traffic audit records for the network activity that it encounters. Auditing records can be used
to ensure that access control policies are being enforced, identify network problems such as denial of
service attacks and more. This package contains the client programs for the argus server. Please see
the package argus−server for the appropriate server. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
argus−server
IP network transaction auditing tool argus is a network transaction auditing tool that allows the user to
easily classify connections using tcpdump(1) compliant expressions. Argus runs as an application
level daemon, promiscuously reading network datagrams from a specified interface, and generates
network traffic audit records for the network activity that it encounters. Auditing records can be used
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to ensure that access control policies are being enforced, identify network problems such as denial of
service attacks and more. This package contains the binaries required for the argus server. Please see
the package argus−client for appropriate clients. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ari−yahoo
Text based simple Yahoo Messenger client Simple Yahoo messenger client that requires no
windowing system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aria
a download tool similar to Reget or GetRight Aria is a download tool similar to Reget or GetRight. It
downloads files from Internet via HTTP or FTP. The transfer can be paused, resumed, queued and
saved. It has very friendly GTK based GUI, and useful log consoles. Program supports CRC
checking, HTTP proxy server, cut−and−paste, drag−and−drop, and can define specific file retrieving
procedure for particular web servers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aribas
interpreter for arithmetic ARIBAS is an interactive interpreter suitable for big integer arithmetic and
multiprecision floating point arithmetic. It has a syntax similar to Pascal or Modula−2, but contains
also features from other programming languages like C, Lisp, Oberon. The Aribas home page is
http://www.mathematik.uni−muenchen.de/~forster/sw/aribas.html From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARIN
American Registry for Internet Numbers (org., Internet, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aris−extractor
Scan system logs for security incidents and report them to ARIS The Attack Registry and Intelligence
Service (ARIS) is a free, user−integrated attack−trending system hosted by SecurityFocus that allows
administrators and operators of Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) to track, evaluate and respond to
security alerts and attacks in a proactive manner. As an integral piece of the ARIS Analzyer service,
SecurityFocus's open−source ARIS Extractor utility distills data provided by IDS attack−list logs to
build client portfolios that provide meaningful, graphical analysis of potentially malicious network
incidents. By filtering out insignificant or benign data and converting it to a common format (xml),
ARIS Extractor streamlines incident reporting for both security professionals and home users in a way
that allows IDS operators to focus only on relevant attacks and incidents. Additionally, ARIS
Extractor ensures client confidentiality through secure file−transfer protocols and optional IP address
suppression. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARJ
A popular file compression/archival tool, available for UNIX/Linux, DOS/Windows, and other
operating systems. Files compressed in this manner typically have .arj or .ar extensions. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ark
An archiver for KDE An archiver for KDE Supports: zip, tar, tar + compression (lzop, gzip, bzip2,
bzip, compress) lha, zoo, rar, ar, etc... From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ark
Ark is a KDE tool for handling archive files. It supports the following file formats: zip, plain tar and
tar with compression, gzip, bzip2, bzip, compress, lha, zoo, single files compressed with compressors,
lzop, gzip, bzip2, bzip, compress rar and ar From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ark
KDE archive tool. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Ark Linux
Ark Linux is a Linux distribution designed especially for desktop use, primarily for people without
prior Linux experience. Its main goal is ease of use, and the inclusion of many tools end users will
need. Ark Linux is based on Red Hat 7.3 / 8.0, with KDE. Initial Freshmeat version 1.0−0.alpha7.1
was released March 14, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARKD
Abuse Resistant Key Distribution (Arcade) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARL
Access Rights List (Banyan, VINES) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arla
A free client for the AFS distributed network filesystem This is a free, mostly independently written,
implementation of the client side of the Andrew File System. AFS is a distributed network file
system. AFS presents a unified directory hierarchy /afs containing all volumes from any site. The
default configuration includes many sites including KTH, MIT, CMU and others. For authentication
AFS uses Kerberos. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arla−modules−source
Source to generate arla−modules This package provides the source code xfs kernel module which is
actually a generic user−space filesystem interface. Arlad communicates with it over a character device
and handles all file system requests. Xfs caches some lookups but doesn't implement any of the AFS
protocol. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARLL
Advanced Run−Length Limited [encoding] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARM
Advanced RISC Machines (manufacturer, Acorn, Apple, VLSI, RISC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARM
Annotated [c++] Reference Manual From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARM
Asynchronous Response Mode From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARM Linux
ARM Linux is a port of the Linux Operating System to ARM processor based machines mainly by
Russell King with contributions from others. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARMA
Association of Records Managers and Administrators, inc. (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
armagetron
A 3D Tron−like high speed game. A 3D Tron−like high speed game. The rules are simple: you ride a
light cycle (a kind of motorbike that can only turn 90 degrees at a time, leaves a wall behind and
cannot be stopped) and have to avoid running into walls while at the same time you have to try to get
your opponent to run into them. The idea is based on the Disney movie from 1982 called "Tron". If
you ever wanted to take a try at one of those speed demons features in the movie, this is your chance.
Of all the Tron clones out there, I think one is the one that comes closest to the feeling the movie tries
to express. This is in part thanks to the sophisticated camera motions, in part to the superb modelling
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work and in part to the fabulous sound effects. To add some extra fascination into the game, unlike to
other Tron clones, in armagetron you can accelerate. Alas, there's no accelerate button. If you want to
drive fast, you have to drive good −− and really really close to the walls. Armagetron can be played
against AI opponents, against other humans over the network, or a mixture of both. Still not
convinced? http://pluto.spaceports.com/~zman/armagetron/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARMM
n. [acronym, `Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation'] A Usenet cancelbot created by Dick
Depew of Munroe Falls, Ohio. ARMM was intended to automatically cancel posts from
anonymous−posting sites. Unfortunately, the robot's recognizer for anonymous postings triggered on
its own automatically−generated control messages! Transformed by this stroke of programming
ineptitude into a monster of Frankensteinian proportions, it broke loose on the night of March 31,
1993 and proceeded to spam news.admin.policy with a recursive explosion of over 200 messages.
ARMM's bug produced a recursive cascade of messages each of which mechanically added text to the
ID and Subject and some other headers of its parent. This produced a flood of messages in which each
header took up several screens and each message ID and subject line got longer and longer and
longer. Reactions varied from amusement to outrage. The pathological messages crashed at least one
mail system, and upset people paying line charges for their Usenet feeds. One poster described the
ARMM debacle as "instant Usenet history" (also establishing the term despew), and it has since been
widely cited as a cautionary example of the havoc the combination of good intentions and
incompetence can wreak on a network. Compare Great Worm; sorcerer's apprentice mode. See also
software laser, network meltdown. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARMS
Architecture for Reliable Managed Storage (Cheyenne) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARMS
Automation Resources Management System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARNS
Appletalk Remote Network Server (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARO
Affiliate Registration Organization (RA, PKI, ITU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AROM
Alterable Read Only Memory (ROM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARP
a TCP/IP protocol used to obtain a station's physical address from its logical IP address. ARP requests
are broadcast onto the network. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol (Internet, RFC 826) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARP
ARP is a protocol used with TCP/IP to resolve addresses. The TCP/IP stack used to transmit data
across the Internet is independent from the Ethernet used to shuttle data between local machines.
Thus, when machine needs to send an IP packet to a nearby machine, it broadcasts the IP address on
the local Ethernet asking for the corresponding Ethernet address. The machine who owns the address
responds, at which point the IP packet in question is sent to that Ethernet address. Key point: By
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sniffing ARP packets off the wire, you can discover a lot of stuff going on. This is especially true of
cable−modem and DSL segments. Since ARP packets are broadcasts, you aren't technically breaking
your user's agreement by sniffing. Key point: You can spoof ARP requests and/or responses in order
to redirect traffic through your machine. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arp
Linux ARP kernel module. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arp
manipulate the system ARP cache From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARP redirect
A tool that is part of the standard hacker's toolkit, ARP redirect will redirect Internet traffic from a
local neighbor through your own machine allowing you to sniff it. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arpack++
object−oriented version of the ARPACK package. ARPACK++ is an object−oriented version of the
ARPACK package. It consists a collection of classes that offers c++ programmers an interface to
ARPACK. It preserves the full capability, performance, accuracy and low memory requirements of
the FORTRAN package, but takes advantage of the c++ object−oriented programming environment.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arpack2
Fortran77 subroutines to solve large scale eigenvalue problems. ARPACK software is capable of
solving large scale symmetric, nonsymmetric, and generalized eigenproblems from significant
application areas. The software is designed to compute a few (k) eigenvalues with user specified
features such as those of largest real part or largest magnitude. Storage requirements are on the order
of n*k locations. No auxiliary storage is required. A set of Schur basis vectors for the desired
k−dimensional eigen−space is computed which is numerically orthogonal to working precision.
Numerically accurate eigenvectors are available on request. Important Features: o Reverse
Communication Interface. o Single and Double Precision Real Arithmetic Versions for Symmetric,
Non−symmetric, o Standard or Generalized Problems. o Single and Double Precision Complex
Arithmetic Versions for Standard or Generalized Problems. o Routines for Banded Matrices −
Standard or Generalized Problems. o Routines for The Singular Value Decomposition. o Example
driver routines that may be used as templates to implement numerous Shift−Invert strategies for all
problem types, data types and precision. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARPAnet
A wide area network (WAN), created in 1969 with funding from the Advanced Research Projects
Agency (ARPA). Undergoing constant research and development in the earls to mid−l970s, ARPAnet
served as the testbed for the development of TCP/IP (the protocols that make the Internet possible). A
major goal of the ARPAnet project was to increase the military's command and control capability
enabling communication across a variety of physically dissimilar media, including satellites. An allied
goal was to create a robust network capable of withstanding outages, such as those that might result
from a nuclear exchange. ARPAnet met these objectives, but it also surprised its creators: It was
found in short order that most ARPAnet users preferred to use the network for communication, such
as electronic mail and discussion groups. Initially, the ARPAnet was available only to government
research institutes and to universities holding Department of Defense (DoD) research contracts. In
1983, ARPAnet was divided into a high−security military network (Milnet) and an ARPAanet that
was recast as a research and development network. From QUECID
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http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork (USA, network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arpd
A user−space ARP daemon The ARP daemon moves the management of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) table from kernel to user space. It is useful for sites with LARGE network
segments (256+ systems per segment), because the kernel hash tables are not optimized to handle this
situation. To use the ARP daemon your kernel needs to have ARPD and NETLINK support enabled.
The standard kernels of Debian GNU/Linux lack this support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARPDP
Association of Rehabilitation Programs in Data Processing (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arping
sends IP and/or ARP pings (to the MAC address) The arping utility sends ARP and/or ICMP requests
to the specified host and displays the replies. The host may be specified by its hostname, its IP
address, or its MAC address. This program is only able to run as root. Make it setuid if you like. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arpwatch
Ethernet/FDDI station activity monitor. Arpwatch maintains a database of Ethernet MAC addresses
seen on the network, with their associated IP pairs. Alerts the system administrator via e−mail if any
change happens, such as new station/activity, flip−flops, changed and re−used old addresses. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARQ
Automatic Re−transmission reQuest (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARRA
Announced Retransmission Random Access (MAC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARSIG
ARSIG is a GNU Linux distribution designed especially for diskless routers, where the main
(primary) boot−up device is compact−flash card. The goal is to make the "static" part of the operating
system lay on the CF card, mounted as readonly. All other parts of the OS that need read−write access
are mounted in RAM. ARSIG is based on Openwall GNU/*/Linux (Owl). Initial Freshmeat
announcement, version 1.0_pre01 (PHDS), was released January 4, 2003. From LWN Distribution
List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ART
Adaptive Resonance Theory (NN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ART
Advanced Resolution Technology (Minolta) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
artist
Emacs Lisp drawing package Artist is an Emacs lisp package that allows you to draw lines, rectangles
and ellipses by using your mouse and/or keyboard. Note: Artist does not work with XEmacs From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARTS
Accelerated Ray−Tracing System (raytracing) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
arts
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aRts (Analog Real−Time Synthesizer) is a sound system for KDE.aRts creates and processes sound
using small modules that do certain tasks. aRts modules can create waveforms (oscillators),
playsamples, filter data, add signals, perform effects like delay/flanger/chorus, or output the data to a
soundcard. By connecting all of the modules together, you can perform complex tasks like simulating
a mixer, generating an instrument, or playing a wave file with effects. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARTS
Asynchronous Remote Takeover Server From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
artsbuilder
Arts synthesizer designer This is the analog real−time synthesizer graphical design tool. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ARTT
Asynchronous Remote Takeover Terminal From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AS
Advanced Server (Windows NT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AS
Authentication Service (DCE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AS
Autonomous System (IP, Internet, RFC 1930) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
as
the portable GNU assembler. From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AS400
Application System/400 (IBM), "AS/400" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
as86
Assembler for 8086..80386 processors From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASA
Advanced SCSI Architecture (SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASA
American Standards Association (org., USA, ANSI, predecessor) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASAP
As Soon As Possible (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASAP
Automatic Switching And Processing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASBR
Autonomous System Border / Boundary Router (AS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASC
Accredited Standards Committee (org., ANSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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ASC
Additional Sense Code From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASC
American Society for Cybernetics (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASC
Authorized Support Center From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASC
Automatic Contrast Selection (FAX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ascd
CD player and mixer AScd is a small CD player and mixer that can be "docked" with AfterStep and
WindowMaker window managers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ascdc
AfterStep CD changer ascdc is a small CD changer. It follows the look and feel of the AfterStep
window manager and is ideally suited to be run within AfterStep's Wharf module. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCI
Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCII
/as'kee/ n. [originally an acronym (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) but now
merely conventional] The predominant character set encoding of present−day computers. The
standard version uses 7 bits for each character, whereas most earlier codes (including early drafts of
ASCII prior to June 1961) used fewer. This change allowed the inclusion of lowercase letters −− a
major win −− but it did not provide for accented letters or any other letterforms not used in English
(such as the German sharp−S or the ae−ligature which is a letter in, for example, Norwegian). It could
be worse, though. It could be much worse. See EBCDIC to understand how. A history of ASCII and
its ancestors is at http://www.wps.com/texts/codes/index.html. Computers are much pickier and less
flexible about spelling than humans; thus, hackers need to be very precise when talking about
characters, and have developed a considerable amount of verbal shorthand for them. Every character
has one or more names −− some formal, some concise, some silly. Common jargon names for ASCII
characters are collected here. See also individual entries for bang, excl, open, ques, semi, shriek, splat,
twiddle, and Yu−Shiang Whole Fish. This list derives from revision 2.3 of the Usenet ASCII
pronunciation guide. Single characters are listed in ASCII order; character pairs are sorted in by first
member. For each character, common names are given in rough order of popularity, followed by
names that are reported but rarely seen; official ANSI/CCITT names are surrounded by brokets: <>.
Square brackets mark the particularly silly names introduced by INTERCAL. The abbreviations "l/r"
and "o/c" stand for left/right and "open/close" respectively. Ordinary parentheticals provide some
usage information. ! Common: bang; pling; excl; not; shriek; ball−bat; <exclamation mark>. Rare:
factorial; exclam; smash; cuss; boing; yell; wow; hey; wham; eureka; [spark−spot]; soldier, control. "
Common: double quote; quote. Rare: literal mark; double−glitch; <quotation marks>; <dieresis>;
dirk; [rabbit−ears]; double prime. # Common: number sign; pound; pound sign; hash; sharp; crunch;
hex; [mesh]. Rare: grid; crosshatch; octothorpe; flash; <square>, pig−pen; tictactoe; scratchmark;
thud; thump; splat. $ Common: dollar; <dollar sign>. Rare: currency symbol; buck; cash; string (from
BASIC); escape (when used as the echo of ASCII ESC); ding; cache; [big money]. % Common:
percent; <percent sign>; mod; grapes. Rare: [double−oh−seven]. & Common: <ampersand>; amp;
amper; and, and sign. Rare: address (from C); reference (from C++); andpersand; bitand; background
(from sh(1)); pretzel. [INTERCAL called this `ampersand'; what could be sillier?] ' Common: single
quote; quote; <apostrophe>. Rare: prime; glitch; tick; irk; pop; [spark]; <closing single quotation
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mark>; <acute accent>. ( ) Common: l/r paren; l/r parenthesis; left/right; open/close; paren/thesis; o/c
paren; o/c parenthesis; l/r parenthesis; l/r banana. Rare: so/already; lparen/rparen; <opening/closing
parenthesis>; o/c round bracket, l/r round bracket, [wax/wane]; parenthisey/unparenthisey; l/r ear. *
Common: star; [splat]; <asterisk>. Rare: wildcard; gear; dingle; mult; spider; aster; times; twinkle;
glob (see glob); Nathan Hale. + Common: <plus>; add. Rare: cross; [intersection]. , Common:
<comma>. Rare: <cedilla>; [tail]. − Common: dash; <hyphen>; <minus>. Rare: [worm]; option; dak;
bithorpe. Common: dot; point; <period>; <decimal point>. Rare: radix point; full stop; [spot]. /
Common: slash; stroke; <slant>; forward slash. Rare: diagonal; solidus; over; slak; virgule; [slat]. :
Common: <colon>. Rare: dots; [two−spot]. ; Common: <semicolon>; semi. Rare: weenie; [hybrid],
pit−thwong. < > Common: <less/greater than>; bra/ket; l/r angle; l/r angle bracket; l/r broket. Rare:
from/{into, towards}; read from/write to; suck/blow; comes−from/gozinta; in/out; crunch/zap (all
from UNIX); tic/tac; [angle/right angle]. = Common: <equals>; gets; takes. Rare: quadrathorpe;
[half−mesh]. ? Common: query; <question mark>; ques. Rare: quiz; whatmark; [what]; wildchar; huh;
hook; buttonhook; hunchback. @ Common: at sign; at; strudel. Rare: each; vortex; whorl;
[whirlpool]; cyclone; snail; ape; cat; rose; cabbage; <commercial at>. V Rare: [book]. [ ] Common: l/r
square bracket; l/r bracket; <opening/closing bracket>; bracket/unbracket. Rare: square/unsquare; [U
turn/U turn back]. \ Common: backslash, hack, whack; escape (from C/UNIX); reverse slash; slosh;
backslant; backwhack. Rare: bash; <reverse slant>; reversed virgule; [backslat]. ^ Common: hat;
control; uparrow; caret; <circumflex>. Rare: xor sign, chevron; [shark (or shark−fin)]; to the (`to the
power of'); fang; pointer (in Pascal). _ Common: <underline>; underscore; underbar; under. Rare:
score; backarrow; skid; [flatworm]. ` Common: backquote; left quote; left single quote; open quote;
<grave accent>; grave. Rare: backprime; [backspark]; unapostrophe; birk; blugle; back tick; back
glitch; push; <opening single quotation mark>; quasiquote. { } Common: o/c brace; l/r brace; l/r
squiggly; l/r squiggly bracket/brace; l/r curly bracket/brace; <opening/closing brace>. Rare:
brace/unbrace; curly/uncurly; leftit/rytit; l/r squirrelly; [embrace/bracelet]. A balanced pair of these
may be called `curlies'. | Common: bar; or; or−bar; v−bar; pipe; vertical bar. Rare: <vertical line>;
gozinta; thru; pipesinta (last three from UNIX); [spike]. ~ Common: <tilde>; squiggle; twiddle; not.
Rare: approx; wiggle; swung dash; enyay; [sqiggle (sic)]. The pronunciation of # as `pound' is
common in the U.S. but a bad idea; Commonwealth Hackish has its own, rather more apposite use of
`pound sign' (confusingly, on British keyboards the pound graphic happens to replace #; thus
Britishers sometimes call # on a U.S.−ASCII keyboard `pound', compounding the American error).
The U.S. usage derives from an old−fashioned commercial practice of using a # suffix to tag pound
weights on bills of lading. The character is usually pronounced `hash' outside the U.S. There are more
culture wars over the correct pronunciation of this character than any other, which has led to the ha ha
only serious suggestion that it be pronounced `shibboleth' (see Judges 12:6 in an Old Testament or
Tanakh). The `uparrow' name for circumflex and `leftarrow' name for underline are historical relics
from archaic ASCII (the 1963 version), which had these graphics in those character positions rather
than the modern punctuation characters. The `swung dash' or `approximation' sign is not quite the
same as tilde in typeset material but the ASCII tilde serves for both (compare angle brackets). Some
other common usages cause odd overlaps. The #, $, >, and & characters, for example, are all
pronounced "hex" in different communities because various assemblers use them as a prefix tag for
hexadecimal constants (in particular, # in many assembler−programming cultures, $ in the 6502
world, > at Texas Instruments, and & on the BBC Micro, Sinclair, and some Z80 machines). See also
splat. The inability of ASCII text to correctly represent any of the world's other major languages
makes the designers' choice of 7 bits look more and more like a serious misfeature as the use of
international networks continues to increase (see software rot). Hardware and software from the U.S.
still tends to embody the assumption that ASCII is the universal character set and that characters have
7 bits; this is a major irritant to people who want to use a character set suited to their own languages.
Perversely, though, efforts to solve this problem by proliferating `national' character sets produce an
evolutionary pressure to use a smaller subset common to all those in use. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
268
Linux Dictionary
ASCII
American Standard Code of Information Interchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ascii
Prints aliases and tables for ASCII character. A programmer's utility that recognizes different ways of
naming ASCII characters (hex, octal, binary, decimal, C escape, ISO character table pair, slang
names, and others) and prints out all equivalent aliases. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCII
see American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
a standard code used for representing information on computer systems and networks. It uses the
printing and non−printing characters that can be generated by the keyboard. Since 7 bits are available
to represent each character it is possible to represent a total of 128 different characters. From Linux
Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
This is the defacto world−wide standard for the code numbers used by computers to represent all the
upper and lower−case Latin letters, numbers, punctuation, etc. There are 128 standard ASCII codes
each of which can be represented by a 7 digit binary number: 0000000 through 1111111. From
Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ascii−xfr
upload/download files using the ASCII protocol From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asclassic
X11 window manager, AfterStep Classic (forked from v1.1) AfterStep Classic is a window manager
based on AfterStep v1.1 which attempts to retain and improve on AfterStep's well−tested stability and
configurability. Note that this window manager makes extensive use of the color palette. If you have
only an 8−bit color display, it will run as packaged, but you may want to modify the configuration to
use fewer colors. AfterStep is a continuation of the BowMan window manager project, but the name
was changed to reflect the desire that it do more than simply emulate and become a valuable window
manager in its own right. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asclock
A clock designed with the NeXTStep look This little application displays the time of the day (digital,
either 12 or 24 hour format), and the date. It provides three alternatives: one suitable for low color
systems, one with "real" NeXTStep colors, and the third one is somewhat in between. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ascpu
This is an AfterStep look & feel CPU statistics monitor tool. ascpu is a neat 54x54 applet that displays
instantaneous and average system, nice and user CPU time. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASCSI
Advanced Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASD
Architecture Summary Design From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asd4
Advanced Sound Daemon asd is a full featured esound−replacement. In the final version it will
implement everything esound (http://www.tux.org/~ricdude/EsounD.html) does, plus many features.
A
269
Linux Dictionary
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASDSP
Application−Specific Digital Signal Processor From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASE
Active Storage Element (GigaB, IP−router) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASE
Aladdin Smartcard Environment (Fast, Aladdin) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASE
Application Service Element (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASEB
ASian EDIFACT Board (org., EDIFACT), "AS/EB" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASEMH
Army Standards Electronic Mail Host (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASF
Advanced Streaming Format (MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ash
A shell is a basic system program that interprets keyboard and mousecommands. The ash shell is a
clone of Berkeley's Bourne shell(sh). Ash supports all of the standard sh shell commands, but is
considerably smaller than sh. The ash shell lacks some Bourne shell features (for example,
command−line histories), but uses considerably less memory. You should install ash if you need a
lightweight shell with many of the same capabilities as the sh shell. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASH
Almquist SHell (BSD, Unix, Shell), "ash" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ash
NetBSD /bin/sh "ash" is a POSIX compliant shell that is much smaller than "bash". We take
advantage of that by making it the shell on the installation root floppy, where space is at a premium. It
can be usefully installed as /bin/sh (because it executes scripts somewhat faster than "bash"), or as the
default shell either of root or of a second user with a userid of 0 (because it depends on fewer
libraries, and is therefore less likely to be affected by an upgrade problem or a disk failure). It is also
useful for checking that a script uses only POSIX syntax. "bash" is a better shell for most users, since
it has some nice features absent from "ash", and is a required part of the system. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASI
Adapter Support Interface (IBM, LAN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASI
Amorphous SIlicon drum (Kyocera), "aSI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASI
Aquarius Systems International (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASI
A
270
Linux Dictionary
Asynchronous SCSI Interface From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASI
Automatic System Installation From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASIC
Application Specific Integrated Circuit (IC, RL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASIM
Arbeitskreis Simulation und Kuenstliche Intelligenz (org., GI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASIO
Audio Stream Input/Output From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASIS
American Society for Information Science (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asis−programs
Ada Semantic Interface Specification (ASIS) example programs ASIS (Ada Semantic Interface
Specification) lets you develop applications to walk through the sources of your Ada programs and
examine the semantic constructs. This package contains four programs (asistant, display_source,
gnatelim and gnatstub) which are useful to understand or optimize Ada programs. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASK
Akademische Software Kooperation (org., Karlsruhe, Germany) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASK
Amplitude Shift Keying From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASKSAM
Access Stored Knowledge via Symbolic Access Method (DB), "askSam" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASL
ACPI Source Language (ACPI, AML) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASL
Adaptive Speed Levelling (US Robotics) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASLT
Advanced Solid Logic Technology (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASM
Advanced Server Management (Acer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASM
Association of Systems Management (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASMA
Administratively Scoped IP Multicast (RFC 2365, Multicast) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmail
AfterStep mail monitor asmail is a small mail monitor similar to xbiff. It follows the AfterStep
window manager's look and feel and is ideally suited to be run within AfterStep's Wharf module.
A
271
Linux Dictionary
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmem
This is an AfterStep look & feel memory utilization monitor. asmem displays memory (user/system,
buffer and cache) and swap usage in a small 54x54 X window. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmix
The tool displays a volume knob. The volume knob adjusts the master volume of your sound card.
Just grab the knob with the left button of your mouse and drag it around. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmixer
AfterStep audio mixer asmixer is a small audio mixer. It follows the look and feel of the AfterStep
window manager and is ideally suited to be run within AfterStep's Wharf module. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASMO
Advanced Storage Magneto Optical [disk] (Hitachi, Maxell, Matsushita, Fujitsu, Olympus, Philips,
Sanyo, Sharp, Sony, LG Electronics) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmodem
AfterStep modem monitor asmodem is a hack of asmail that checks a modem lock file instead of your
mail. You just pass it a lock (like /var/lock/LCK..ttyS1) using the −m parameter and off it goes. For
best results, use the −s and have wharf Swallow it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmon
A system resource monitor dockapp for Afterstep and WindowMaker Asmon is a wharfable/dockable
application for that displays meters detailing CPU, memory, swap, and X mem usage. Also included
the exact numbers for load average, mem, swap, and X. Developed to use very little CPU time itself.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asmounter
monitoring mount points tool asmounter monitors different mount points and facilitates the
mounting/unmounting of these mount points. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASMP
ASymetric MultiProcessing [system] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASMP
ASymmetrisches MultiProzessor [system] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASN1
Abstract Syntax Notation One (OSI, ISO, IS 8824), "ASN.1" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASNM
AdvanceStack Network Management (HP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asnparser
ASN.1 to C/C++ converter This console application helps to convert your ASN.1 description files to
C/C++ applications. For more information on asnparser visit the development homepage
http://www.openh323.org/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Abstract Service Primitive (OSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
272
Linux Dictionary
ASP
Active Server Pages (HTTP, MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Advanced Signal Processing / Processor From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Appletalk Session Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Application Service Provider / Providing (ISP, Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Association of Shareware Professionals (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASP
Authorized Service Provider (Sun) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asp
Discovers present ip−address of dynamically connected hosts. Asp discovers the present ip address of
a host that has a dynamically assigned ip−address. This is useful when you want to connect to
dynamic hosts, or to help others find you (in which case you run asp as a server). From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPEC
Advanced SPectre Entropy Coding (MPEG, Digital audio) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aspell
A more intelligent replacement for the ispell spell checker Aspell is an interactive spell checker that is
designed to eventually replace ispell. It does a much better job of coming up with possible
suggestions than ispell (and in some cases even Microsoft Word 97's spell checker). It also has run
time support for other non English languages. aspell can learn from users misspellings. Aspell is
designed to be a drop−in replacement for ispell. This package comes with a minimal man page. If you
want more detailed documentation you should install the aspell−doc package and read the
documentation in /usr/share/doc/aspell−doc/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aspell
Aspell is a spelling checker designed to eventually replace Ispell. Aspell's primary advantage (over
Ispell) is greater ability tosuggesting correct spellings. Aspell includes both compile−time and
run−time support for non−English languages and can spellcheck (La)TeXand HTML files. From
Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aspell
GNU Aspell is a Free and Open Source spell checker designed to eventually replace Ispell. It can
either be used as a library or as an independent spell checker. Its main feature is that it does a much
better job of coming up with possible suggestions than just about any other spell checker out there for
the Englishlanguage, including Ispell and Microsoft Word. It also has many other technical
enhancements over Ispell such as using shared memory for dictionaries and intelligently handling
personal dictionaries when more than one Aspell processis open at once. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPEN
Automatic System for Performance Evaluation of the Network From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
273
Linux Dictionary
ASPI
Advanced SCSI Programming Interface (Adaptec, API, SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPIC
Advanced SCSI Programmable Interrupt Controller (PIC, SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPIK
Algebraic Specifications and Implementations ??? (ISDV) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPLinux
ASPLinux is a Russian distribution from a multi−national company based in Singapore. The Red Hat
based ASPLinux GNU/Linux distribution, includes all components for creation of a high perfomance
Internet/Intranet server or powerful multimedia workstation. ASP 7.3 (vostok) was released August
13, 2002. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPP
Application Specific Programmable Product (ASIC, ASSP, FPGA, RL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASPS
Advanced Signal Processing System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASQ
Automated Software Quality From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASQC
American Society of Quality Control (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASR
Automatic Server Restart (HP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASR
Automatic Speech Recognition From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asr−manpages
alt.sysadmin.recovery manual pages A set of humorous manual pages developed on
alt.sysadmin.recovery (don't treat them seriously!). They document a set of really useful tools that for
some strange reason are not included in any implementation of Unix. This includes such famous
commands as lart, sysadmin, luser, bosskill and others. The authors recommend these man pages
should be installed on every system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Assembler
A program that transforms assembly language program into machine language so the computer can
execute the program. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
assembler
a program which converts assembly language into machine code. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASSERT
ADEPT Subsystem for Scanning of Electronic Received Traffic (ADEPT, mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
assign
To give a value to a variable in a programming or configuration statement. For example, in the
Bourne shell statement TERM=vt100, you assign the value vt100 to the environmental variable
A
274
Linux Dictionary
TERM, which identifies your terminal type (VT100) to Linux. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASSIST
Automated Special Security Information System Terminal (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASSP
Application Specific Standard Product (RL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASSPA
ASsociation Suisse pour l'Automatique (org., Switzerland) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASSR
Agreed Set of Security Rules (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AST
Atlantic Standard Time [−0400] (TZ, ADT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASTA
Advanced Software Technology and Agorithms (HPCC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Astaro Security Linux
A firewall and VPN product based on the 2.4 Linux kernel. Available for free download but not
completely open source. There are several branches. Version 3.200 (beta) was released June 4, 2002.
A stable 3.217 (for i386) was released April 8, 2003. Beta version 3.391 was released January 30,
2003. The stable 2.x tree is at version 2.031, released November 15, 2002. There is also a version
2.027 for Sun Cobalt was released July 3, 2002. Stable version 4.008 was released June 12, 2003. A
'secured' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asterisk
Open Source Private Branch Exchange (PBX) Asterisk is an Open Source Private Branch Exchange
(PBX) and telephony development platform that can both replace a conventional PBX and act as a
platform for developing custom telephony applications for delivering dynamic content over a
telephone similarly to how one can deliver dynamic content through a web browser using CGI and a
web server. Asterisk talks to a variety of telephony hardware including BRI, PRI, POTS, and IP
telephony clients using the Inter−Asterisk eXchange protocol (e.g. gnophone or miniphone). For more
information and a current list of supported hardware, see http://www.asteriskpbx.com. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASTRAL
Alliance fuer Strategic Token Ring Advancement and Leadership (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
astyle
Source code indenter for C++/C/Java source code Artistic Style is a reindenter and reformatter of
C++, C and Java source code. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASU
Asynchron−Synchron Umsetzer From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ASVD
Analog Simultaneous Voice and Data (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Asynchronous
A
275
Linux Dictionary
A lack of synchronization. A method of transmitting data over a network using a start bit at the
beginning of a character and a stop bit at the end. The time intervak between characters may be
varying lengths. In video, a signal is asynchronous when its timing differs from that of the system
reference signal. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
asynchronous
It describes a communications strategy where start and stop bits are used to indicate the beginning and
end of a character. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Asynchronous Transfer Mode ( ATM)
A fixed−route network protocol in which transmission packets have direct paths and destinations.
ATM is an alternative to TCP/IP, which tags each packet with destination information in the header
and can be routed through arbitrary paths on a carrier network such as the Internet. From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AT
Advanced Technology (IBM, PC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
at
At and batch read commands from standard input or from a specified file.At allows you to specify that
a command will be run at a particular time(now or a specified time in the future). Batch will execute
commands when the system load levels drop to a particular level. Both commands use /bin/sh to run
the commands. You should install the at package if you need a utility that will dotime−oriented job
control. Note: you should use crontab instead, if it is a recurring job that will need to be repeated at
the same time everyday/week/etc. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
at
Delayed job execution and batch processing At and batch read shell commands from standard input
storing them as a job to be scheduled for execution in the future. Use at to run the job at a specified
time batch to run the job when system load levels permit From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
at
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
At
Run a command once at some future time. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AT command set (Hayes command set)
Today's modems are controlled by the old Hayes "AT" command set. In order to dial the phone
number 555−1212 using a modem, you simply send the string "ATDT555−1212" to the modem. The
"D" following the "AT" means to "Dial", and the "T" means to use "Tone" dialing (rather than "P" for
"Pulse" dialing). The command "ATH0" means to hang up the modem. Key point: One of the juvenile
tricks people play is to cause people to hang up their own modem. Once the modem connects, it goes
into a different mode where it no longer accepts AT commands. However, a user can switch back to
the command mode by sending the characters "+++" to the modem. Therefore, if somebody can
remotely trick your PC into sending "+++ATH0", then your modem will hang up. One way of doing
this is with the ping program that sends and ICMP echo to the victim, which then replies with the
same contents. E.g.: ping −p 2b2b2b415448300d victim The most popular exploits for this are
spoofed ICMP pings, but it can be exploited in any number of ways. For example, one may include
the following in an HTML webpage: <IMG
src="http://www.robertgraham.com/images/x.gif?+++ATH0"> From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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276
Linux Dictionary
ATA
Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA, HDD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATAG
Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (WAI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATAPI
Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATAPI
AT Attachment Packet Interface − a standard that allows people to connect tape drives and
CD−ROMs to Enhanced IDE controllers. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATAPI
see Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atari−fdisk−cross
Partition editor for Atari (running on non−Atari) Atari−fdisk allows you to create and edit the
partition table of a disk partitioned in Atari format. It supports both the AHDI 5.0 and ICD variations
of the Atari format. It is an interactive tool with a menu similar to PC fdisk, and also supports most
options of PC fdisk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atari800
Atari emulator for svgalib/X/curses This is an Atari emulator that can use SVGALIB, X, or plain
curses. It can emulate the Atari 800, 800XL, 130XE, and 5200 systems. The Atari Operating System
ROMs are not available with this package, due to copyright. You'll have to either make copies of
them from an old Atari computer, or see README.Debian for other ways to obtain them. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATASPI
Advanced Technology Attachment Software Programming Interface (ATA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATC
Address Translation Cache (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATC
Address Translation Controller (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATC
Automatic Transmission Control From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATCA
Allied Tactical Communications Agency (org., NATO, mil.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATCP
[PPP] AppleTalk Control Protocol (Apple, AppleTalk, PPP, NCP, RFC 1378) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATD
Asynchronous Time Division (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atd
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277
Linux Dictionary
run jobs queued for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATDM
Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexer (ATD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATDMA
Asynchronous Time Division Multiple Access (ATD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATDP
ATtention Dial Pulse (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATDT
ATtention Dial Tone (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATE
Asynchronous Terminal Emulation (Banyan, VINES) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATE
ATM Terminating Equipment (SONET, ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATEC
Authorized Training and Education Center (MS, MOCS, MCSD, ATEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aterm
Afterstep XVT − a VT102 emulator for the X window system Aterm is a colour vt102 terminal
emulator, based on rxvt 2.4.8 with some additions of fast transparency, intended as an xterm
replacement for users who do not require features such as Tektronix 4014 emulation and toolkit−style
configurability. As a result, aterm uses much less swap space −− a significant advantage on a machine
serving many X sessions. It was created with AfterStep Window Manager users in mind, but is not
tied to any libraries, and can be used anywhere. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATES
Advanced Techniques integration into Efficient scientific Software (ESPRIT, CASE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATF
Automatic Track Finding (DDS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atfs
The Attributed File System (AtFS). AtFS is a storage system supporting multiple versions of files and
associating an arbitrary number of application defined attributes of the form "name=value" with each
version. AtFS comes as a function library that is meant as an extension to the UNIX file system. It
does this without the need for kernel modifications and without imposing any restrictions to existing
file system applications. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atftp
Advanced TFTP client. Interactive client for the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP). Its usage is
mainly for testing and debugging a TFTP server since a client is usually implemented in BIOS' for
boot from LAN setups. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atftpd
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278
Linux Dictionary
Advanced TFTP server. Multithreaded TFTP server implementing all options specified in RFCs 1350,
2090, 2347, 2348, 2349 (multicast not implemented yet). The server currently supports being started
from inetd(8) only. The server then handles new connections directly by starting new threads and kills
itself after 5 minutes of inactivity. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATH
ATtention Hang up (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATI
Advanced Telecomunications Institute (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATI
Asociacion de Tecnicos de Informatica (org., Spain) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atime
Unix jargon for "the time a file was last accessed". (cf. ctime, mtime). From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATIP
Absolute Time In Pregroove (CD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATIS
Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATK
Andrew ToolKit (Unix) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atk
The ATK library provides a set of interfaces for adding accessibility support to applications and
graphical user interface toolkits. By supporting the ATK interfaces, an application or toolkit can be
used with tools such as screen readers, magnifiers, and alternative inputdevices. From Redhat 8.0
RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATKIS
Amtliches Topographisch−Kartographisches InformationsSystem From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATL
Activex Template Library (MS, ActiceX, MSVC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATL
Adaptive Threshold Learning (neural nets) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atlas2
Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software,generic shared ATLAS is an approach for the
automatic generation and optimization of numerical software for processors with deep memory
hierarchies and pipelined functional units. The production of such software for machines ranging from
desktop workstations to embedded processors can be a tedious and time consuming task. ATLAS has
been designed to automate much of this process. We concentrate our efforts on the widely used linear
algebra kernels called the Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines (BLAS). These libraries are built without
any processor extension instructions, and should run on all processors of this general architecture,
albeit less than optimally. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
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279
Linux Dictionary
Abstract Test Method (ISO 9646−1) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
Adobe Type Manager From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode. High Speed (up to 155 Mbps), high bandwidth, low−delay, transport
technology, integrating multiple data types (voice, video, and data), International
Telecommunications Union (ITU) has selected ATM as the basis for the future broadband network
because of its flexibility and suitability for both transmission and switching. It may be used in the
phone and computer networks of the future. It is also a multiplexed information transfer technique of
sending data in irregular time intervals using a code such as ASCII. ATM allows most modern
computers to communicate with one another easily. From Glossary of Distance Education and
Internet Terminology http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
At The Moment (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATM
Automatic Teller Machine From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atm−tools
Base programs for ATM in Linux, the net−tools for ATM. All the basic programs for setting up,
monitoring, and tuning ATM networks. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATMARP
ATM Address Resolution Protocol (ATM, ARP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATMP
Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol (Ascend, RFC 2107) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATMS
Assumption based Truth Maintenance System (AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATN
Augmented Transition Network From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATOB
ASCII TO Binary (ASCII) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atobm
bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atokx
Kana−Kanji translation system ATOKX for Linux (Installer) This package is installer to install
"ATOKX for Linux" to Debian system, ATOKX is released by JUSTSYSTEM Corporation. It is
commercial software and does not allow redistribution. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATOMM
Advanced super Thinlayer and high−Output Metal Media (Fuji) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atool
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Linux Dictionary
A script for managing file archives of various types atool is a script for managing file archives of
various types (tar, tar+gzip, zip etc). The main command is probably aunpack, extracting files from an
archive. It overcomes the dreaded "multiple files in archive root" problem by first extracting to a
unique subdirectory, and then moving back the files if possible. aunpack also prevents local files from
being overwritten by mistake. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atp
a text to PostScript converter with some C syntax highlighting atp is a text to postscript converter. It
supports a special "gaudy" output mode, uses user−selectable number of columns and margins in the
output, supports nroff's bold and italic conventions, and has some syntax highlighting for C and C++
sources. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATP
Advanced Technology Partner From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATP
Appletalk Transaction Protocol (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATP
Application Transaction Program (IBM, APPC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATP
Available To Promise (SCM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATP2
AppleTalk Phase 2 (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATPS
AppleTalk Printing Services (AppleTalk, Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atq
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATR
Advanced Telecommunications Research laboratory (org., Japan) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATR
Answer To Reset From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATR
Automatic Terminal Recognition From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATRAC
Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding (Sony, Digital audio, CODEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atrm
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atrun
run jobs queued for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATS
Abstract Test Suite From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
A
281
Linux Dictionary
ATS
Administrative Terminal System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATS
Apple Terminal Services (Apple, AppleTalk) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
atsar
system activity reporter monitor system resources such as cpu & disk, record data for later analysis
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATSUI
Apple Text Services for Unicode Imaging (Apple, Unicode) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATT
American Telephone and Telegraph, "AT&T" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
attr
A set of tools for manipulating extended attributes on filesystem objects, in particular getfattr(1) and
setfattr(1). An attr(1) command is also provided which is largely compatible with the SGI IRIX tool
of the same name. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
attr
Utilities for manipulating filesystem extended attributes A set of tools for manipulating extended
attributes on filesystem objects, in particular getfattr(1) and setfattr(1). An attr(1) command is also
provided which is largely compatible with the SGI IRIX tool of the same name. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATVEF
Advanced TV Enhancement Forum (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ATX
Advanced Technology eXtended [format] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AU
Access Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUAI
Association for Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (org., AI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aub
Assembles binary files from USENET AUB automatically assembles the pieces of multi−part Usenet
postings and decodes them. A user−supplied configuration file tells which newsgroups AUB should
monitor. The user can also supply a "hook" program, which tests each subject header and determines
whether that particular file should be downloaded or not. Resumed development resuming after 10
years of inactivity has given AUB the better documentation and the new abilities to decode Base64
files, perform NNTP authentication as well as a good deal of additional functionality. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUC
AUthentication Center (GSM, mobile−systems), "AuC" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
auctex
An integrated environment for writing TeX/LaTeX documents. AUC TeX can indent your text as you
write it, let you run TeX/LaTeX and other LaTeX−related tools (such as a output filter or post
processor) from within Emacs, and includes a wide range of Emacs macros to allow both easy
A
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Linux Dictionary
insertions of LaTeX commands, and easy compilation, previewing, and printing of your TeX
documents. AUC TeX also lets you browse through compiling errors TeX reports, while it moves the
cursor directly to the reported error and displays documentation for that particular error. This will
even work when the document is spread over several files. Currently XEmacs ships with its own AUC
TeX, so this package should only be used with GNU/Emacs. (I.e., you don't need to install this
package if your site uses only XEmacs.) From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
audacity
A fast, cross−platform audio editor Audacity is an innovative graphical audio editor. Its main goals
are speed and being cross−platform (it uses the cross−platform toolkit wxWindows, and is fully
supported on Linux, Windows, Mac OS 9 and X, and FreeBSD). It is very fast. Due to its file format
and internal data representation, undo and redo are constant−time operations. It also supports an
unlimited number of tracks, and can import and export a number of different formats including WAV,
AIFF, MP3 and Ogg Vorbis. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Audio Bookshelf
Including the Enigma Audio Bookshelf could be stretching the definition of a Linux distribution more
than a little. But this is a bootable CD product, which contains enough of a Linux operating system to
turn a PC into a book reader. Any PC meeting the requirements can be turned into a Linux based book
reader, regardless of the OS installed on the hard drive. Read the book yourself, or have the computer
read to you. A 'special purpose/mini' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
audiofile
The Audio File library is an implementation of SGI's Audio File Library, which provides an API for
accessing audio file formats likeAIFF/AIFF−C, WAVE, and NeXT/Sun .snd/.au files. This library is
used by the EsounD daemon.Install audio file if you are installing EsounD or you need an API forany
of the sound file formats it can handle. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
audiooss
transparent OSS emulation over NAS This is a compatibility utility that allows programs written for
the popular Open Sound System (OSS) interface to run using the Network Audio System (NAS)
instead. It works by preloading a library to intercept and manipulate critical system calls such as
open(), read(), and write(). The emulation is not yet complete, but it already works for many
programs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUDIT
AUtomated Data Input Terminal From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
audit
The word audit has two meanings. The first is the security audit, whereby a consulting firm comes in
and validates a companies security profile. This is similar to how accounting firms review a
company's books. The second term is infosec specific, and means an "auditing" subsystem that
monitors actions within the system. For example, it may keep a record of everyone who logs onto a
system. Such a record is known as an audit trail. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUDIUS
AUssenDIenstUnterstuetzungsSystem (CAS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUE
Andrew User Environment (Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUGE
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Linux Dictionary
Apple User Group Europe (org., Apple, user group) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
august
Tcl/Tk HTML editor. August is a Tcl/Tk HTML editor with interesting features. It is not WYSIWYG
but is very useful for developing HTML pages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUI
Access Unit Interface From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUI
Asociacion de Usarios de Internet (Internet, user group, Spain, org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUI
Attachment Unit Interface (ethernet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUI
Audible User Interface (UI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUIS
Andrew User Interface System (Unix, UI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aumix
Aumix is a tty−based, interactive method of controlling a sound card mixer. It lets you adjust the
input levels from the CD, microphone, and board synthesizers, as well as the output volume. Aumix
can adjust audio mixers from the command line, from a script, or interactively at the console or
terminal with an ncurses−based interface. The aumix−X11 package provides a GTK+ interface for
using aumix with the X Window System. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aumix
Simple text−based mixer control program aumix is a small, easy−to−use program to control the mixer
of your sound card. It runs in text mode using the ncurses library, or from the command line
(non−interactively). It can read default settings from a file. A wrapper script xaumix is provided that
finds and invokes xterm or a replacement. This is primarily for creating the best sized terminal
window. If you want a true graphical interface, install aumix−gtk instead. That has the same
functionality as this one in addition to offering a nice X11 GUI. The old companion package
aumix−alsa, which did take advantage of the extra facilities in the ALSA sound driver, is no longer
available. This package should work fine with the ALSA driver. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aumix
This is a program for adjusting audio mixers from the command line or scripts, or interactively at the
console or a terminal with a full−screen, ncurses−based interface or a GTK−based X interface. From
Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUP
Acceptable Use Policy (NFSNet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Aurora Sparc Project
This Sparc Linux distribution is based on Red Hat 7.3. Build 0.2 was announced on December 4,
2001. Build 0.4 (Titanium) was released September 26, 2002. Build 0.42 (Douglas) was released
October 4, 2002. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Aurox Linux
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Linux Dictionary
Aurox Linux is an international distribution, hailing from Poland. It is available in several european
countries, in different language versions, including Polish, Czech, German, French and Spanish.
Aurox is based on Red Hat, with Aurox 9.0 the most recent offering. Added to list June 11, 2003.
From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AURP
Appletalk Update−based Routing Protocol (Apple, Appletalk, RFC 1504) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUT
Application Under Test From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authbind
Allows non−root programs to bind() to low ports This package allows a package to be started as
non−root but still bind to low ports, without any changes to the application. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authconfig
Authconfig is a terminal mode program which can configure a workstation to use shadow passwords.
Authconfig can also configure asystem to be a client for certain networked user information and
authentication schemes. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authentication
In infosec, authentication is the process of identifying an individual or data. The goal of
authentication is to confirm the identification of an individual, message, file, or other data. The two
primary areas of authentication are user authentication (proving that Bob is who he says he is) and
message authentication (proving that your nuclear missile launch orders weren't forged or corrupted).
The antonym of authentication is forgery. Contrast: Authentication will identify who an individual is;
authorization will identify what the individual is allowed to do. Example: When you log in with your
username and give the password, you are authenticating yourself to the system. You are proving that
you are you because, in theory, only you know your password. Contrast: Abstractly, anything that
combats forgery is called authentication. For example, IPsec includes an Authentication Header (AH)
that proves that a packet hasn't been modified in transit. However, this feature overlaps with the
abstract concept of integrity: both are checked at the same time. Examples: biometrics Signature
(handwriting), facial features, fingerprint, etc. smart−card A card with an on−board microprocessor
that can run crypto algorithms. For example, it may store a private−key, and be able to
encrypt/decrypto tokens with that key. passwords digital certificates A small file containing public or
private keys. SecureID A commercial product that uses a key and the current timestamp to generate a
stream of random numbers that can be verified by a server. A user has roughly 10 seconds to enter the
current number displayed on the card. Contrast: Three things used for authentication: physical (what
you have) car keys, subway tokens, driver's license, passport, credit cards, ID cards, smart cards
knowledge (what you know) PINs, usernames/passwords, account numbers, mother's maiden name
biometrics (who you are) written signature, fingerprint, what you look like, etc. See also:
Authentication is often mentioned along with other key security concepts such as integrity,
confidentiality, and non−repudiation. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authentication
the verification of the identity of a person or process. In a communication system, authentication
verifies that messages really come from their stated source, like the signature on a (paper) letter From
Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authentication
Verification of the identity of a username, password, process, or computer system for security
purposes. From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authenticity
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In infosec, authenticity is about making sure that the message received is the same as the message that
was sent. In law, authenticity is about validating that evidence has been gathered correctly by a
reliable source and hasn't been tampered with. Contrast: The terms integrity and authenticity are
widely used to mean the same thing. In other situations, they have subtly different meanings
(especially law). The term integrity generally describes defending against malicious change of a
message once it has been sent, whereas authenticity implies some sort of validation of the sender of
the message to protect against forgeries. Contrast: The terms authentication and authenticity are
widely used to mean the same thing. The subtle difference is that authentication is about someone
proving who they say they are, whereas authenticity is about proving that message was sent by a
certain person. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Authoritative for a Domain
I have emphasized that name servers only hold information for their own domains. Any other
information they may have about another domain is cached, temporary data that has an expiration date
attached to it. The domain that a name server has information about is said to be the domain that a
name server is authoritative for. Alternatively we say: ``a name server is authoritative for the domain.''
For instance, the server ns2.cranzgot.co.za is authoritative for the domain cranzgot.co.za. Hence,
lookups from anywhere on the Internet having the domain cranzgot.co.za ultimately are the
responsibility of ns2.cranzgot.co.za, and originate (albeit through a long series of caches) from the
host ns2.cranzgot.co.za. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
authorization
In infosec, the concept of authorization validates that someone has the rights to access something. For
example, you are authorized to read files from my webserver, but I don't authorize you to change
anything. Contrast: The first stage of authorization is generally authentication. Before you decide
what an individual is allowed to do, you must first establish who they are. In some cases,
authorization is independent from authentication, such as not allowing anybody to logon after
midnight. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUTHORS
List of people who contributed to or wrote a package or document. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
auto−apt
package search by file and on−demand package installation tool auto−apt checks the file access of
programs running within its environments, and if a program tries to access a file known to belong in
an uninstalled package, auto−apt will install that package using apt−get. This feature requires apt and
sudo to work. It also provides simple database to search which package contains a requesting file.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
auto−pgp
PGP tools for command−line and Emacs use This package provides the shell commands pgp−auto,
pgp−decrypt, and pgp−pixie. It also integrates PGP into your Emacs mailreader. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoclass
automatic classification or clustering AutoClass solves the problem of automatic discovery of classes
in data (sometimes called clustering, or unsupervised learning), as distinct from the generation of
class descriptions from labeled examples (called supervised learning). It aims to discover the "natural"
classes in the data. AutoClass is applicable to observations of things that can be described by a set of
attributes, without referring to other things. The data values corresponding to each attribute are
limited to be either numbers or the elements of a fixed set of symbols. With numeric data, a
measurement error must be provided. For more information, see
http://ic−www.arc.nasa.gov/ic/projects/bayes−group/autoclass/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoconf
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Linux Dictionary
automatic configure script builder The standard for FSF source packages. This is only useful if you
write your own programs or if you extensively modify other people's programs. This version of
autoconf contains many changes from the previous release, version 2.13. For now, it depends on
autoconf2.13 to provide compatibility. This will eventually go away, so please upgrade your
autoconfiscations. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoconf
creates scripts to configure source code packages using templates From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoconf
GNU's Autoconf is a tool for configuring source code and Makefiles. Using Autoconf, programmers
can create portable and configurable packages, since the person building the package is allowed to
specify various configuration options. You should install Autoconf if you are developing software and
you would like to use it to create shell scripts that will configure yoursource code packages. If you are
installing Autoconf, you will alsoneed to install the GNU m4 package. Note that the Autoconf
package is not required for the end−user whomay be configuring software with an
Autoconf−generated script; Autoconf is only required for the generation of the scripts, not their use.
From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoconf
GNU's Autoconf is a tool for configuring source code and Makefiles.Using Autoconf, programmers
can create portable and configurable packages, since the person building the package is allowed to
specify various configuration options. You should install Autoconf if you are developing software and
you'd like to use it to create shell scripts which will configure yoursource code packages. If you are
installing Autoconf, you will also need to install the GNU m4 package. Note that the Autoconf
package is not required for the end user who may be configuring software with an
Autoconf−generated script; Autoconf is only required for the generation of the scripts, not their
use.−− PLEASE NOTICE −−−> this version is meant to coexist with autoconf−2.5x;to that end, the
various binaries are actually linked to a script which decides which version to execute. It tries to be
clever and will execute2.5x if `configure.ac' is present, or if `configure.in' contains AC_PREREQand
the value's 3 first letters are stringwise greater than '2.1'. Ifanything fails, you can manually select 2.13
by providing the environmentvariable WANT_AUTOCONF_2_1 set to `1' (use
WANT_AUTOCONF_2_5 if you wantthe 2.5x version). From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUTODIN
AUTOmatic DIgital Network (DMS, DISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autodns−dhcp
Automatic DNS updates for DHCP autodns−dhcp uses bind 8's dynamic update features to update a
zonefile with hostnames from the dhcp leases file, this is done just once for each hostname as the IP,
MAC address and name are settled on the dhcp configuration to have an static zone. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autofs
A kernel−based automounter for Linux. The kernel automounter implements an almost complete
SunOS style automounter under Linux. The automounter is supported by Linux kernels 2.0.31 and
higher or the 2.1.X series. Automounter support must be activated while compiling the kernel. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autofs
Autofs controls the operation of the automount daemons. The automount daemons automatically
mount filesystems when you use them and unmount them after a period of inactivity. Filesystems can
include network filesystems, CD−ROMs, floppies, and other media. Install this package if you want a
program for automatically mounting and unmounting filesystems. If your Red Hat Linux machine is
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on anetwork, you should install autofs. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autogen
an automated text file generator AutoGen is a tool designed for generating program files that contain
repetitive text with varied substitutions. This is especially valuable if there are several blocks of such
text that must be kept synchronized. Included with AutoGen is a tool that virtually eliminates the
hassle of processing options, keeping usage text up to date and so on. This tool allows you to specify
several program attributes, innumerable options and option attributes, then it produces all the code
necessary to parse and handle the command line and initialization file options. This package contains
the development tools. libopts9−dev contains the static libraries and header files. libopts9 contains the
shared libraries. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoheader
creates a template file of C #define's for use by configure. From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoinstall
Progeny Debian auto−installation system This package contains the Progeny Debian auto−installation
system. This system makes it possible to install a complete Debian system with no user interaction
from a set of configuration files. The basic model is that of cloning an existing system; after installing
and configuring a Debian system to taste, the configuration is "dumped" to the configuration files,
along with some extra information. It currently supports flexible constraints for partitioning
differently−sized disks in a logical fashion, hardware auto−configuration with discover (including
configuration of X, if appropriate), network configuration via DHCP or a database based on MAC
addresses, and a cross−platform design making it possible for install media for any platform to be
created on any other platform. Platform−specific files are not included in this package; install the
"autoinstall−<arch>" packages to install support for <arch>. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autolog
Terminates connections for idle users Autolog terminates connections considered to be idle based on a
large variety of parameters. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
automake
A tool for generating GNU Standards−compliant Makefiles. Automake is a tool for automatically
generating `Makefile.in's from files called `Makefile.am'. The goal of Automake is to remove the
burden of Makefile maintenance from the back of the individual GNU maintainer (and put it on the
back of the Automake maintainer). The `Makefile.am' is basically a series of `make' macro definitions
(with rules being thrown in occasionally). The generated `Makefile.in's are compliant with the GNU
Makefile standards. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
automake
Automake is a tool for automatically generating Makefiles compliant with the GNU Coding
Standards.You should install Automake if you are developing software and would like touse its
capabilities of automatically generating GNU standard Makefiles. If you install Automake, you will
also need to install GNU's Autoconf package. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
automake
Automake is an experimental Makefile generator. Automake was inspiredby the 4.4BSD make and
include files, but aims to be portable and toconform to the GNU standards for Makefile variables and
targets. You should install Automake if you are developing software and wouldlike to use its ability to
automatically generate GNU standard Makefiles. If you install Automake, you will also need to install
GNU's Autoconf package. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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288
Linux Dictionary
automake
automatically create Makefile.in's from Makefile.am's From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
automount
Automounting is the process where mounting and unmounting of certain filesystems is done
automatically by a daemon. If the filesystem is unmounted, and a user attempts to access it, it will be
automatically (re)mounted. This is especially useful in large networked environments and for
crossmounting filesystems between a few machines (especially ones which are not always online). It
may also be very useful for removable devices, or a few other uses, such as easy switching between a
forced−on ascii conversion mount of a dos filesystem and a forced−off ascii conversion mount of the
same dos fs. If you are new to Linux and dont understand what mounting and deamons are, then refer
to some documentation regarding this. There are two types of automounters in linux; AMD and
autofs. AMD is the automount daemon, and supposedly works like the SunOS AMD. It is
implemented in user space, meaning it's not part of the kernel. It's not necessary for the kernel to
understand automounting if you NFS mount to the local host, through the AMD daemon, which
routes all automount filesystem traffic through the NFS system. Autofs is a newer system assisted by
the kernel, meaning that the kernel's filesystem code knows where the automount mount points are on
an otherwise normal underlying fs, and the automount program takes it from there. Only autofs will
be described in this mini−howto. From Automount−miniHOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
automount
To automatically access a storage medium such as CD−ROMs and make its contents available to a
computer system. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autopilot
Monitor the DTR line of /dev/palm and run a command to start sync AutoPilot monitors the DTR line
of /dev/palm, waiting for it to go from LOW to HIGH, which is used to activate a command
automatically to make syncing easier. It can be used to boot up your favourite Palm syncer. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoproject
create a skeleton source package for a new program autoproject interviews the user, then creates a
source package for a new program which follows the GNU programming standards. The new package
uses autoconf to configure itself, and automake to create the Makefile. `make distcheck' succeeds. The
idea is that you execute autoproject just once when you start a new project. It will ask a few questions,
then create a new directory and populate it with standard files, customized for the new project.
Optionally, the new package will use a command line parser generator. Currently, autoproject
supports two parser generators: clig by Harald Kirsch <[email protected]> (see
http://wsd.iitb.fhg.de/software/), and autogen by Bruce Korb <[email protected]> (see
ftp://autogen.linuxbox.com/pub/). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoreconf
update configure scripts From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autorespond
email autoresponder for qmail autorespond sends an automatically generated response to emails for
given address(es). It catches simple situations such as mail from a mailer−daemon, empty envelope
sender, bulk precedence headers, etc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autorun
The autorun utility recognizes all of the CD−ROM drives on yoursystem, mounts the drive when a
CD−ROM is inserted, and executes an autorun executable (if one exists) on the CD. If you want to
giveusers (instead of just root) the autorun ability, you will need to adduser, exec options to the
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289
Linux Dictionary
CD−ROM line in /etc/fstab. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoscan
help to create a configure.ac file for a software package From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUTOSEVOCOM
AUTOmated SEcure VOice COMmunications (predecessor, SVIP, mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autotrace
Bitmap to vector graphics converter AutoTrace is a program for converting bitmaps to vector
graphics. The aim of the AutoTrace project is the development of a freely−available application
similar to CorelTrace or Adobe Streamline. In some aspects it is already better. Originally created as a
plugin for the GIMP, AutoTrace is now a standalone program. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
autoupdate
updates an old configure.in file to version 2 From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUTOVON
AUTOmatic VOice Network (predecessor, DSN, DISA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
auto_resume
This variable controls how the shell interacts with the user and job control. If this variable is set,
single word simple commands without redirections are treated as candidates for resumption of an
existing stopped job. There is no ambiguity allowed; if there is more than one job beginning with the
string typed, the job most recently accessed is selected. The name of a stopped job, in this context, is
the command line used to start it. If set to the value exact, the string supplied must match the name of
a stopped job exactly; if set to substring, the string supplied needs to match a substring of the name of
a stopped job. The substring value provides functionality analogous to the %? job id (see JOB
CONTROL below). If set to any other value, the supplied string must be a prefix of a stopped job's
name; this provides functionality analogous to the % job id. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUU
ATM User−to−User (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AUX
Apple UniX (Apple, Unix), "A/UX" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AV
Audio/Video, "A/V" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AV
AudioVisual [macintosh] (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ava
Algebraical Virtual Assembler for Atmel's AVR MCUs AVA is an advanced assembler and linker for
Atmel's family of 8−bit AVR microcontrollers. It offers a C−like preprocessor, powerful segments,
and virtual symbols. This assembler is not compatible with Atmel's assembler syntax. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVA
Audio−Visual Authoring From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
availability
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Linux Dictionary
In infosec, availability describes the need that resources must be continuously available. For example,
in the Kosovo war, the European forces bombed power plants in order to destroy the availability of
electricity. Another example is in February of the year 2000, when massive DDoS attacks brought
down major websites (making them "unavailable"). Controversy: Availability is one of the key
sticking points in security. It is easy to secure things simply by making them unavailable: if a
computer is turned off, nobody can hack into it. The trick to infosec is making things both available
and secure. Examples of this problem are: account lockouts In order to prevent password grinding,
computers will lock out accounts when too many bad passwords have been attempted. However, this
means that hackers can purposely lock out accounts. firewalls and IDS Some IDSs will reconfigure
firewalls, therefore spoofing attacks can cause the firewall to shut people out. fail−close/fail−open So
called "proper" security will shut things down when things start to fail; for example, if the firewall
crashes, it should shutdown all communication until the firewall is restarted rather than allowin traffic
through unchecked. However, web−sites that demand 99.99% uptime are therefore unable to use
traditional firewalls. Antonym: The opposite of the infosec term "availability" is the hacking term
"DoS". See also: Availability is often mentioned along with other key security concepts such as
integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non−repudiation. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVAS
teile−Auftragserfassungs−, Verwaltungs− und AbrufSystem (MBAG) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
avatar
A graphical representation of you acting as an identification on 3D chat worlds. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVATAR
Advanced Video Attribute Terminal Assembler and Recreator (BBS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVC
Audio−Visual Connection From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVCD
Audio−Visual Computer Display From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVD
Alternation Voice/Data From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVE
AutoCAD Visualization Extension (AutoCAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVERT
Anti−Virus Emergency Response Team (McAfee) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVGA
Advanced Video Graphics Array (VGA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVI
Audio Video Interleaved (MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVI
Audio Video Interleaved: a proprietary video format developed by Microsoft. It interleaves standard
waveform audio and digital video frames (bitmaps) and is a popular format. Popular Linux programs
such as xanim support AVI. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
aview
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A high quality ASCII art image viewer and video player aview is a high quality ASCII art image
viewer and video player. It is especially useful with a text−based browser such as lynx, links or w3m.
It supports the pnm, pgm, pbm and ppm image formats, as well as the FLI and FLC video formats. It
also supports output via stdio, (n)curses and slang and even has support for gpm. Features * High
quality ASCII art rendering * Portable * Save into many formats (HTML, text, ANSI, more/less etc...)
* Contrast, Bright, Gamma control * Image zooming/unzooming * Three dithering modes * Hidden
"bonus" features :) * Inversion * Support for bright, dim, inverse attributes/extended character set
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVIS
AuftragsVerwaltungs− und InformationsSYstem (MBAG) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVL
Adelson, Veslkij and Laudis [tree] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVM
AudioVisuelles Marketing und computersysteme [gmbh] (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVPD
Anchor Volume Descriptor Pointer (CD−R, UDF, ISO 9660) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVR
Automatic Voice Recognition From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVR
Automatic Voltage Regulation (USV) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
avr−libc
Standard C library for Atmel AVR development Standard library used to the development of C
programs for the Atmel AVR micro controllers. This package contains static libraries as well as the
header files needed. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
avra
Assembler for Atmel AVR microcontrollers Avra is an assembler for the Atmel's family of AVR
8−bit RISC microcontrollers. It is is mostly compatible with Atmel's own assembler, but adds new
features such as better macro support and additional preprocessor directives. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
avrp
Programmer for Atmel AVR microcontrollers Avrp is a FLASH/EEPROM programmer for Atmel's
family of AVR 8−bit RISC microcontrollers. It can also program the Atmel AT89 series
microcontrollers. It supports at least four different programming devices including Atmel's own AVR
development board and in−circuit programming. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
avrprog
Programmer for Atmel AVR microcontrollers Programmer for Atmel AVR microcontrollers that uses
PC parallel port to program the device in serial mode. The device can be programmed "in−system". It
comes with a schematic of the hardware required. The hardware was designed to be efficient and
inexpensive. For more information, see http://avrprog.sourceforge.net From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AVS
Address Verification System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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292
Linux Dictionary
AVS
Adult Verification System (WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWAC
Audio Waveform Amplifier and Converter (Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWADO
Automatischer Wechselschalter in der AnschlussDose From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWD
Automatische Waehleinrichtung fuer Datenverbindungen From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWE
Address Windowing Extensions (API, PAE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWE
Autocad Windows Extension (AutoCAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
awe−drv
Linux AWE32 driver source and utilities Linux supports the Sound Blaster 32, and Sound Blaster
AWE32, through the use of a driver written by Takashi Iwai <[email protected]−tokyo.ac.jp>.
These utilities are the package of AWE32 utilities for use with this driver, which manipulate patch
files. They are required to load the vital '.SBK', or '.SF2' files, which will have been installed with
your AWE32 DOS or Win95 software in \SB16\SFBANK or \Windows\System. This also includes
'gusload', for loading GUS−format patches to the AWE32 driver. This package installs the source for
the AWE32 driver into /usr/src/awedrv. In order to use the awe32 driver, you must recompile your
kernel, after using the install script found in this package to patch these sources into your kernel
source tree (they can alternatively be manually installed into the kernel source or into a separate copy
of the sound driver). There are also some converters between different patch file formats for the
AWE32, and the 'sfxtest' program for testing the AWE32 driver, which are installed in /usr/lib/awe.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWG
American Wire Gauge (cable) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
awk
/awk/ 1. n. [Unix techspeak] An interpreted language for massaging text data developed by Alfred
Aho, Peter Weinberger, and Brian Kernighan (the name derives from their initials). It is characterized
by C−like syntax, a declaration−free approach to variable typing and declarations, associative arrays,
and field−oriented text processing. See also Perl. 2. n. Editing term for an expression awkward to
manipulate through normal regexp facilities (for example, one containing a newline). 3. vt. To process
data using awk(1). From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWK
al Aho, peter Weinberger, brian Kernighan (Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
awk
An interpreted language for massaging text data developed by Alfred Aho, Peter Weinberger, and
Brian Kernighan (the name derives from their initials). It is characterized by C−like syntax, a
declaration−free approach to variable typing and declarations, associative arrays, and field−oriented
text processing. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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293
Linux Dictionary
awk
pattern scanning and text processing language From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Awk (Aho, Weinberger, and Kernighan)
A programming language useful for its patternmatching syntax, and often used for data retrieval and
data transformation. A GNU version is called Gawk. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWL
AnWeisungsListe (DIN 19239) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWOL
Abesent WithOut Leave (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWP
Association of Web Professionals (org., WWW) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWS
Apple Workgroup Server (Appletalk, Apple) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
awstats
A powerful and featureful web server log analyzer Advanced Web Statistics (AWStats) is a powerful
web server logfile analyzer written in perl that shows you all your web statistics including visits,
unique visitors, pages, hits, rush hours, search engines, keywords used to find your site, robots,
broken links and more. Gives more detailed information and better graphical charts than webalizer,
and is easier to use. Works with several web server log format as a CGI and/or from command line.
Supports multiple languages (English, French, Dutch, Spanish, Italian, German, Polish, Greek...).
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWT
Abstract Windows Toolkit (Java, Sun) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AWTAPI
Abstract Windows Toolkit−Application Programmer Interface (AWT, API, Java) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AX.25
a Packet Radio Protocol that offers both connected and connectionless modes of operation, and is
used either by itself for point−point links, or to carry other protocols such as TCP/IP and NetRom.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AXE
Application eXecution Environment From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
axel
A light download accelerator − Console version This program tries to accelerate the downloading
process by using multiple connections for one file. Starting from version 0.97, the program can use
multiple mirrors for one download as well. The program tries to be as light as possible (25−30k in
binary form), so it might be useful as a wget clone on byte−critical systems. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
axkit
An XML Delivery Toolkit for Apache AxKit is an XML Application Server for Apache. It provides
on−the−fly conversion from XML to any format, such as HTML, WAP or text using either W3C
standard techniques, or flexible custom code. AxKit also uses a built−in Perl interpreter to provide
some amazingly powerful techniques for XML transformation. The emphasis with AxKit is on
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separation of content from presentation. The pipelining technique that AxKit uses allows content to be
converted to a presentable format in stages, allowing certain platforms to see data differently to
others. AxKit allows web designers to focus on web site design, content developers to work on a
purely content basis, and webmasters to focus on their core competencies. AxKit is based on plugin
components. This allows the web site developer to create a completely custom XML Application
Server based around the AxKit API. AxKit can either automatically provide caching facilities, or you
can create your own cache handler, so that XML transformations (which can be time consuming) only
happen when required. The toolkit also provides ability to build component based web sites, and
dynamic content. Database integration is fully supported, allowing either deliver of XML from a
database, or XML generation from a database query. Dynamic web components can be built using the
Perl language, making the possibilities as infinite as CGI scripts, without the potential mess that CGI
programming can cause. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
axyftp−gtk
A graphical ftp program with GTK interface AxY FTP is a ftp program with a nice, wsftp like
interface. Current major features are: user−friendly, intuitive interface, passive data transfers,
convenient session manager window, on−line help system, recursive downloads with resume option,
recursive uploads, multiple delete You need Netscape or Lynx and the axyftp−doc package to use the
help system. With other browsers, just read /usr/doc/axyftp−doc/html/index.html The GTK version of
axyftp is Debian's preferred version of axyftp, but there is also the axyftp−lesstif package, which is
the same program using the lesstif widget set. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
axyftp−lesstif
A graphical ftp program with Lesstif interface axyftp is a ftp program with a nice, wsftp like interface.
Current major features are: user−friendly, intuitive interface, passive data transfers, convenient
session manager window, on−line help system, recursive downloads with resume option, recursive
uploads, multiple delete You need Netscape or Lynx and the axyftp−doc package to use the help
system. With other browsers, just read /usr/doc/axyftp−doc/html/index.html From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ayuda
Help for spanish−speakers This package contains a help program called 'ayuda' useful for users that
speak spanish, and are new to the world of Debian GNU/Linux. The help provided covers many
topics from administration to daily use. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
AZEB
Australian/new Zealand EDIFACT Board (org., EDIFACT), "AZ/EB" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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B2B
Business to Business From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
B2C
Business to Customer From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
B8ZS
Binary 8 Zero Suppression [encoding] (ISDN, T1) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
babygimp
An icon editor in Perl−Tk Babygimp is an icon editor in Perl−Tk. It can edit and save files in .xpm
format. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
back door
A hole in the security of a system deliberately left in place by designers or maintainers. From Linux
Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
back door
n. [common] A hole in the security of a system deliberately left in place by designers or maintainers.
The motivation for such holes is not always sinister; some operating systems, for example, come out
of the box with privileged accounts intended for use by field service technicians or the vendor's
maintenance programmers. Syn. trap door; may also be called a `wormhole'. See also iron box,
cracker, worm, logic bomb. Historically, back doors have often lurked in systems longer than anyone
expected or planned, and a few have become widely known. Ken Thompson's 1983 Turing Award
lecture to the ACM admitted the existence of a back door in early Unix versions that may have
qualified as the most fiendishly clever security hack of all time. In this scheme, the C compiler
contained code that would recognize when the `login' command was being recompiled and insert
some code recognizing a password chosen by Thompson, giving him entry to the system whether or
not an account had been created for him. Normally such a back door could be removed by removing it
from the source code for the compiler and recompiling the compiler. But to recompile the compiler,
you have to use the compiler −− so Thompson also arranged that the compiler would recognize when
it was compiling a version of itself, and insert into the recompiled compiler the code to insert into the
recompiled `login' the code to allow Thompson entry −− and, of course, the code to recognize itself
and do the whole thing again the next time around! And having done this once, he was then able to
recompile the compiler from the original sources; the hack perpetuated itself invisibly, leaving the
back door in place and active but with no trace in the sources. The talk that suggested this truly moby
hack was published as "Reflections on Trusting Trust", "Communications of the ACM 27", 8 (August
1984), pp. 761−763 (text available at http://www.acm.org/classics). Ken Thompson has since
confirmed that this hack was implemented and that the Trojan Horse code did appear in the login
binary of a Unix Support group machine. Ken says the crocked compiler was never distributed. Your
editor has heard two separate reports that suggest that the crocked login did make it out of Bell Labs,
notably to BBN, and that it enabled at least one late−night login across the network by someone using
the login name `kt'. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
back up
to make a copy of important data onto a different storage medium. Backing up to tape is essential
system maintenance. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Backbone
A high−speed line or series of connections that forms a major pathway within a network. The term is
relative as a backbone in a small network will likely be much smaller than many non−backbone lines
in a large network. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Background
In computers that can do more than one task at a time, the environment in which tasks (such as
printing a document or downloading a file) are carried out while the user works with an applicatino in
the foreground. In computers that lack multitasking capabilites, background tasks are carried out
during brief pauses in the execution of the system's primary (foreground) tasks. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
background
n.,adj.,vt. [common] To do a task `in background' is to do it whenever foreground matters are not
claiming your undivided attention, and `to background' something means to relegate it to a lower
priority. "For now, we'll just print a list of nodes and links; I'm working on the graph−printing
problem in background." Note that this implies ongoing activity but at a reduced level or in spare
time, in contrast to mainstream `back burner' (which connotes benign neglect until some future
resumption of activity). Some people prefer to use the term for processing that they have queued up
for their unconscious minds (a tack that one can often fruitfully take upon encountering an obstacle in
creative work). Compare amp off, slopsucker. Technically, a task running in background is detached
from the terminal where it was started (and often running at a lower priority); oppose foreground.
Nowadays this term is primarily associated with Unix, but it appears to have been first used in this
sense on OS/360. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
background
Processing that a system performs without requiring interaction with the user. In Linux, append an
ampersand (&) to the command line to request background processing. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
background process
A process that runs without interacting with a terminal. Because each user in a Linux system is
allowed to have a number of background processes running simultaneously, Linux is called a
multitasking system. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Background Process
A program that is running without user input. A number of background processes can be running on a
multitasking operating system, such as UNIX/Linux, while the user is interacting with the foreground
process (for example, data entry). Some background processes daemons, for example never require
user input. Others are merely in the background temporarily while the user is busy with the program
presently running in the foreground. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backreference
n. 1. In a regular expression or pattern match, the text which was matched within grouping
parentheses 2. The part of the pattern which refers back to the matched text. 3. By extension, anything
which refers back to something which has been seen or discussed before. "When you said `she' just
now, who were you backreferencing?" From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backslash
A character (\) that is used in shell statements to quote another character (that is, to remove its special
meaning to the shell). For example, if you want to use a dollar sign as a dollar sign, rather than as a
symbol for end of line, enter \$. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backup
A copy of a file (or a group of files) that is stored off−line in the event that a computer system fails,
losing or damaging the original file or files. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backup
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To periodically archive data on a system to mitigate risk of permanent data loss in the event of system
or component malfunction or destruction. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backward combatability
/bak'w*rd k*m−bat'*−bil'*−tee/ n. [CMU, Tektronix: from `backward compatibility'] A property of
hardware or software revisions in which previous protocols, formats, layouts, etc. are irrevocably
discarded in favor of `new and improved' protocols, formats, and layouts, leaving the previous ones
not merely deprecated but actively defeated. (Too often, the old and new versions cannot definitively
be distinguished, such that lingering instances of the previous ones yield crashes or other infelicitous
effects, as opposed to a simple "version mismatch" message.) A backwards compatible change, on the
other hand, allows old versions to coexist without crashes or error messages, but too many major
changes incorporating elaborate backwards compatibility processing can lead to extreme software
bloat. See also flag day. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
backwards compatible
The quality of software to be able to work properly with older versions of the software that may be
installed on a machine or communicating with another machine with a lower version of the software.
From Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BACP
Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol (BAP, RFC 2125) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAD
Broken As Designed (slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bad Penguin Linux
An Italian distribution, currently at version 0.99.5. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
badblocks
search a device for bad blocks From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BADW
Bayerische Akademie Der Wissenschaften (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAGEL
Bay Area GNU Enthusiasts League (GNU, org., user group) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAI
Basic Access Interface (ISDN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
balsa
GNOME email client Balsa is a e−mail reader. This client is part of the GNOME desktop
environment. It supports local mailboxes, POP3 and IMAP. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BALUN
BALanced−UNbalanced [adapter] (cable), "Balun" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAM
Bidirectional Associative Memory (neural nets) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAM
Block−Availability−Map From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BAM
Bundesanstalt fuer Materialpruefung (org., Berlin, Germany) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bambi Linux
A Red Hat based wireless distribution. A 'wireless' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bandwidth
How much stuff you can send through a connection. Usually measured in bits−per−second. A full
page of English text is about 16,000 bits. A fast modem can move about 57,000 bits in one second.
Full−motion full−screen video would require roughly 10,000,000 bits−per−second, depending on
compression. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bang
1. n. Common spoken name for ! (ASCII 0100001), especially when used in pronouncing a bang path
in spoken hackish. In elder days this was considered a CMUish usage, with MIT and Stanford hackers
preferring excl or shriek; but the spread of Unix has carried `bang' with it (esp. via the term bang
path) and it is now certainly the most common spoken name for !. Note that it is used exclusively for
non−emphatic written !; one would not say "Congratulations bang" (except possibly for humorous
purposes), but if one wanted to specify the exact characters `foo!' one would speak "Eff oh oh bang".
See shriek, ASCII. 2. interj. An exclamation signifying roughly "I have achieved enlightenment!", or
"The dynamite has cleared out my brain!" Often used to acknowledge that one has perpetrated a
thinko immediately after one has been called on it. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bang
Denoted by the ! character. The C shell command !!, which repeats the last command, for example, is
pronounced "Bang!Bang!". From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bang path
A series of names that specifies a path between two nodes. It is sometimes used for email or BITNET
as well as in the Linux uucp program. The path consists of machine or domain names separated by !
(bang). From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bang path
n. [now historical] An old−style UUCP electronic−mail address specifying hops to get from some
assumed−reachable location to the addressee, so called because each hop is signified by a bang sign.
Thus, for example, the path ...!bigsite!foovax!barbox!me directs people to route their mail to machine
bigsite (presumably a well−known location accessible to everybody) and from there through the
machine foovax to the account of user me on barbox. In the bad old days of not so long ago, before
autorouting mailers became commonplace, people often published compound bang addresses using
the { } convention (see glob) to give paths from several big machines, in the hopes that one's
correspondent might be able to get mail to one of them reliably (example: ...!{seismo, ut−sally,
ihnp4}!rice!beta!gamma!me). Bang paths of 8 to 10 hops were not uncommon in 1981. Late−night
dial−up UUCP links would cause week−long transmission times. Bang paths were often selected by
both transmission time and reliability, as messages would often get lost. See Internet address, the
network, and sitename. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
banner
Many text−based protocols will issue text banners when you connect to the service. These can usually
be used to fingerprint the os or service. Key point: Many banners reveal the exact version of the
product. Over time, exploits are found for specific versions of products. Therefore, the intruder can
simply lookup the version numbers in a list to find which exploit will work on the system. In the
examples below, the version numbers that reveal the service has known exploitable weaknesses are
highlighted. Example: The example below is a RedHat Linux box with most the default service
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enabled. The examples below show only the text−based services that show banners upon connection
(in some cases, a little bit of input was provided in order to trigger the banners). Note that this is an
older version of Linux; exploits exist for most these services that would allow a hacker to break into
this box (most are buffer−overflow exploits). Best practices: It is often recommend (and required in
some government areas) to display a banner warning off unauthorized users. It makes the legal case
stronger if you can show that the attacker saw a banner that indicated that they were unauthorized.
Best practices: All version information should be supressed in the banners. See the product
documentation for more information on this. An example on Solaris is to edit the configuration file
/etc/default/telnetd and added the line: BANNER="" This will remove the Solaris login banner,
making it more difficult for an intruder to determine the type of operating system. From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
banner page
A way to separate printing jobs which often indicates the owner of the file that has been printed. From
Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BanShee Linux/R
BanShee Linux/R is a two−floppy rescue system using uClibc and Busybox to make sure that the
system is as small as possible. Initial version 0.5 was released September 18, 2002. Version 0.61 was
released October 27, 2002. A floppy−based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAP
[PPP] Bandwidth Allocation Protocol (PPP, RFC 2125, BACP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAPC
[PPP] Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol (PPP, BAP, RFC 2125) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAPCO
Business Application Performance COrporation (org., Compaq, Dell, HP, IBM, MS, Lotus, Intel, ...),
"BAPCo" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAPI
Business Application Programmer's Interface (SAP, R/3, API) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAPT
BundesAmt fuer Post und Telefon (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bar
/bar/ n. 1. [very common] The second metasyntactic variable, after foo and before baz. "Suppose we
have two functions: FOO and BAR. FOO calls BAR...." 2. Often appended to foo to produce foobar.
From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAR
Base Address Register (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
barcode
Creates barcodes in .ps format GNU barcode can create printouts for the conventional product
packaging standards: UPC−A, UPC−E, EAN−13, EAN−8, ISBN, code 39 code 128 (b and c), and
interleaved 2 of 5 . Ouput is generated as either Postscript or Encapsulated Postscript. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
barrendero
Deletes messages on the spool dir depending on their age. Barrendero is intended to limit the disk
space wasted at the spool directory. It deletes mail messages depending on their age, and has the
ability to send warnings and reports to the users, to make full and partial backups, and to have
different allowed ages on a per−user basis. Warning and report messages are cusomizable and can be
translated easely in order to make this package useful in any environment. This way of handling mail
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as an advantage over the traditional 'quota' system: quotas make the end user loose NEW mail,
barrendero deletes OLD mail, so the new mail is always available. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BARRNET
Bay Area Regional Research NETwork (network), "BARRNet" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BART
Basic Application RunTime (OS/2, IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BARWAN
Bay Area Research Wireless Access Network (network, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAS
Basic Activity Subset From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
basename
Parse pathname components From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
basename
strip directory and suffix from filenames From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
basename
the name of a file minus any extension that may be included in the full name. For example, if the full
name of the source file for a C program is combine.c, its basename is combine. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bash
Bash is a GNU project sh−compatible shell or command language interpreter. Bash (Bourne Again
shell) incorporates useful features from the Korn shell (ksh) and the C shell (csh). Most sh scripts can
be run by bash without modification. Bash offers several improvements over sh, including command
line editing, unlimited size command history, job control, shell functions and aliases, indexed arrays
of unlimited size and integer arithmetic in any base from two to 64. Bash is ultimately intended to
conform to the IEEE POSIX P1003.2/ISO 9945.2 Shell andTools standard.Bash is the default shell
for Mandrake Linux. You should installbash because of its popularity and power. You'll probably end
up using it. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASH
Bourne−Again SHell (Unix, Shell) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bash
Descended from the Bourne Shell, Bash is a GNU product, the "Bourne Again SHell." It's the
standard command line interface on most Linux machines. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASH
The Bourne Again Shell and is based on the Bourne shell, sh, the original command interpreter.
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bash
The default command interpreter, or shell, for Red Hat Linux. bash features several enhancements to
sh, such as built−in file management commands and support for completion of commands and paths
using the the [Tab] key. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bash
The GNU Bourne Again SHell Bash is an sh−compatible command language interpreter that executes
commands read from the standard input or from a file. Bash also incorporates useful features from the
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Korn and C shells (ksh and csh). Bash is ultimately intended to be a conformant implementation of
the IEEE POSIX Shell and Tools specification (IEEE Working Group 1003.2). From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bash (Bourne Again SHell)
An enhanced version of the Bourne Shell. (Also, see Korn Shell.) From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bashbug
report a bug in bash From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASIC
/bay'−sic/ n. A programming language, originally designed for Dartmouth's experimental timesharing
system in the early 1960s, which for many years was the leading cause of brain damage in
proto−hackers. Edsger W. Dijkstra observed in "Selected Writings on Computing: A Personal
Perspective" that "It is practically impossible to teach good programming style to students that have
had prior exposure to BASIC: as potential programmers they are mentally mutilated beyond hope of
regeneration." This is another case (like Pascal) of the cascading lossage that happens when a
language deliberately designed as an educational toy gets taken too seriously. A novice can write
short BASIC programs (on the order of 10−20 lines) very easily; writing anything longer (a) is very
painful, and (b) encourages bad habits that will make it harder to use more powerful languages well.
This wouldn't be so bad if historical accidents hadn't made BASIC so common on low−end micros in
the 1980s. As it is, it probably ruined tens of thousands of potential wizards. [1995: Some languages
called `BASIC' aren't quite this nasty any more, having acquired Pascal− and C−like procedures and
control structures and shed their line numbers. −−ESR] Note: the name is commonly parsed as
Beginner's All−purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, but this is a backronym. BASIC was originally
named Basic, simply because it was a simple and basic programming language. Because most
programming language names were in fact acronyms, BASIC was often capitalized just out of habit or
to be silly. No acronym for BASIC originally existed or was intended (as one can verify by reading
texts through the early 1970s). Later, around the mid−1970s, people began to make up backronyms
for BASIC because they weren't sure. Beginner's All−purpose Symbolic Instruction Code is the one
that caught on. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASIC
Beginner's All−purpose Symbolic Instruction Code From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASIC
Beginners All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code: a non−structured language that is often considered
the easiest to start programming. It was developed as an interactive, mainframe timesharing language
that received fame with home computers in the 1980s. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Basic Input Output System (BIOS)
A set of instructions stored on a ROM CHIP that handles input−output functions and system
component management (such as power configuration and interrupt request settings). From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BasicLinux
BasicLinux is a mini−version of Linux that boots from hard drive, floppy, or CDROM, and runs in a
4meg ramdisk. It's based on Slackware 3.5 and contains a fully−featured shell, an easy−to−use editor,
and a variety of useful utilities. It can dial an ISP, browse the web, send/receive mail, or act as a
router/firewall. Version 1.7 was released May 12, 2002. Version 2.0 was released February 22, 2003,
now based on Slackware 7.1. A small disk distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
basilix
A PHP (both PHP3 and PHP4) and IMAP based webmail application powered with MySQL database
server. It has a nice user−friendly interface and its HTML files are easy to be changed/edited. 0.7.6
B
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includes WAP−Support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BASIN
Bundesweites Alternatives Studentisches InformationsNetzwerk (WWW, org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bastille
Security hardening tool Bastille Linux is a security hardening program for several Linux distributions.
If run in the preferred Interactive mode, it can teach you a good deal about Security while
personalizing your system security state. If run in the quicker Automated mode, it can quickly tighten
your machine, once a default profile is selected. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAT
Baby Advanced Technology [board] (AT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
batch
adj. 1. Non−interactive. Hackers use this somewhat more loosely than the traditional technical
definitions justify; in particular, switches on a normally interactive program that prepare it to receive
non−interactive command input are often referred to as `batch mode' switches. A `batch file' is a
series of instructions written to be handed to an interactive program running in batch mode. 2.
Performance of dreary tasks all at one sitting. "I finally sat down in batch mode and wrote out checks
for all those bills; I guess they'll turn the electricity back on next week..." 3. `batching up':
Accumulation of a number of small tasks that can be lumped together for greater efficiency. "I'm
batching up those letters to send sometime" "I'm batching up bottles to take to the recycling center."
From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
batch
queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
battleball
a soccer game played with tanks or helicopters BattleBall is essentially the game of soccer, played
with military vehicles rather than with people. Each player drives a tank or flies a helicopter, and tries
to move the ball down the playfield to the other team's goal. Relatively unlimited number of human or
computer players can compete in teams or head−to−head. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
battstat−applet
Battery status applet for GNOME Battstat is a battery status applet that monitors the battery charge
level on a laptop. It displays different icons depending on the state of the power subsystem, and will
warn if the power drops below a user configurable level. It uses the standard GNOME event system to
play user configurable samples at certain events. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Baud
In common usage the baud rate of a modem is how many bitsit can send or receive per second.
Technically, baud is the number of times per second that the carrier signal shifts value − for example
a 1200 bit−per−second modem actually runs at 300 baud, but it moves 4 bits per baud (4 x 300= 1200
bits per second). From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
baud
measures of the rate at which signals are transmitted over a telecommunications link. It is equivalent
to the number of elements or pulses transmitted in one second. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BAYSIS
BAY networks' Switched Internetworking Services, "BaySIS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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bb
An ASCII−art demo BB is a high quality audio−visual demonstration for your text terminal. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BB
BridgeBoard (Amiga, Commodore) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBC
Broadband Bearer Capability (B−ISDN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbdate
Date tool for the blackbox window manager bbdate is a simple blackbox tool for displaying the date
in your blackbox slit. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbdb
The Insidious Big Brother Database (email rolodex) for Emacs BBDB is a rolodex−like database
program for GNU Emacs. BBDB stands for Insidious Big Brother Database, and is not, repeat, *not*
an obscure reference to the Buck Rogers TV series. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBIAB
[I'll] Be Back In A Bit (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBIagent
BBIagent provides a suite of applications to create the software for booting a computer as a
broadband router and firewall. Based on the hardware configurations and connection type, you are
able to download your own boot file which is written into a single 1.44MB diskette to be a boot
diskette for the router. This is a Linux based system which uses Java tools to create a bootable floppy
with router software. The software utilites provided by BBIagent.Net are free to use. Version 1.5.0
was released July 11, 2002. Version 1.8.1 was released May 16, 2003. A floppy−based distribution.
From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBIAM
Be Back In A Minute (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbkeys
application to handle key bindings in Blackbox In the Blackbox window manager version 0.60 and
higher, a separate application is needed to handle key bindings. This is such a program. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBL
Be Back Later (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bblaunch
launch windows with manipulated attribs under blackbox A program which allows the user to control
the launching of applications under the Blackbox window manager. The user can launch applications
with or without decorations, shaded, on a specific workspace or maximized horizontally or vertically.
Requires that you be running the Blackbox window manager or a derivative. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBLCD Toolkit
BBLCD is the acronym for Bernhard's Bootable Linux CD or Build your own Bootable Linux CD.
BBLCD is a toolkit for building your own bootable Linux CD from your favorite (and possibly
customized) distribution. It uses, more or less, an intelligent cp −a / /dev/cdrom to create a CDROM
from an existing system. Version 0.7.7 was released April 9, 2003. A CD−based distribution. From
LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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bbmail
Mail Utility for X This is a small mail utility for use with the Blackbox window manager. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBN
Bolt, Beranek and Newman (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBNS
BroadBand Network Services From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbpager
Pager for the Blackbox window manager A pager tool for the Blackbox window manager. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbpal
displays an image, and changes it every few seconds (from the README) If you've ever used the
GNOME applet "fish," or Wanda, then this is an app very similar. In fact, that's where I got the idea
for bbpal (since you need GNOME to use Wanda). When you run bbpal, is displays an image, and
changes it every few seconds. Exciting, eh? It's fond of using up CPU cycles, and making your friends
wonder what the heck it's used for. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbppp
PPP tool for the blackbox window manager bbppp is a blackbox tool to control and manage your PPP
link. It can start up /shut down your ppp connection (by running pon/poff), and displays rx and tx via
a modem−lights style PPP load, and also the PPP link uptime. Note that you don't actually need
blackbox for this program to work, but it won't look as good in any other window manager. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBR
Back Bone Ring From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBS
Bulletin Board System (DFUe) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBS (Bulletin Board Service)
A forum for users to browse and exchange information. Computer BBSs are accessible by telephone
via a personal computer and a modem. Many BBSs are small operations run by a single person that
allow only several users to log on at the same time. Some are much larger and allow hundreds of users
to login simultaneously to use the system. Huge, commercial examples are America Online,
CompuServe, and Prodigy. For example, please visit
http://www.tcworld.com/wwwboard/wwwboard.html From Glossary of Distance Education and
Internet Terminology http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBS (Bulletin Board System)
A computerized meeting and announcement system that allows people to carry on discussions, upload
and download files, and make announcements without the people being connected to the computer at
the same time. In the early 1990's there were many thousands (millions?) of BBS?s around the world,
most are very small, running on a single IBM clone PC with 1 or 2 phone lines. Some are very large
and the line between a BBS and a system like AOL gets crossed at some point, but it is not clearly
drawn. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BBS (Bulletin Board System)
Electronic BBSs formed much of the the core "cyberspace" in the 1980s. Telecommunication costs
were high, so rather than interconnected via "always−on" connections, such systems transfered files
and messages as irregular intervals over dial−up lines. Mail was transported through BBS via
protocols like FidoNet and UUCP. Files would move themselves from system to system as users
would download from one BBS and upload to others. Many of today's older hackers were active in
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the BBS community of the 1980s. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbsload
System load tool for the blackbox window manager bbsload is a blackbox tool to display your system
load. It can show simple system bar graphs, including load averages for 1, 5 and 15 minute periods,
memory usage, swap usage, total system usage, as well as CPU loads for user, nice and system
processes and idle time. Note that you don't actually need blackbox for this program to work, but it
won't look as good in any other window manager. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bbtime
Time tool for the blackbox window manager bbtime is a blackbox tool to display the system time in
your blackbox slit. It can also display other times as an offset of your local time in a menu. Note that
you don't actually need blackbox for this program to work, but it won't look as good in any other
window manager. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bc
The GNU bc arbitrary precision calculator language GNU bc is an interactive algebraic language with
arbitrary precision which follows the POSIX 1003.2 draft standard, with several extensions including
multi−character variable names, an `else' statement and full Boolean expressions. GNU bc does not
require the separate GNU dc program. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCAM
Basic Communication Access Method From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCBDS
Broadband Connectionless Data Bearer Service (B−ISDN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bcc
16−bit C compiler This is a C−compiler for 8086 CPUs which is important for the development of
boot loaders or BIOS related 8086 code. It is possible to run 8086 code under i386 Linux using an
emulator, `elksemu', also included in this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCC
Base Communications−computer Center (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCC
Blind Carbon Copy (DFUe) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCC
Block Check Character From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCCH
Broadcast Control CHannel (GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCD
Binary Coded Decimal From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCDBS
Broadband Connectionless Data Bearer Service (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCDIC
Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BCDMA
Broadband Code Division Multiple Access (Interdigital, SNI, Samsung), "B−CDMA" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCF
Base station Control Function (BS, BTS, GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bchunk
A CD image format converter from bin/cue to iso/cdr/wav The bchunk package contains a UNIX/C
rewrite of the BinChunker program. BinChunker converts a CD image in a .bin/.cue format
(sometimes .raw/.cue) into a set of .iso and .cdr/.wav tracks. The .bin/.cue format is used by some
non−UNIX CD−writing software, but is not supported on most other CD−writing programs. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCI
Batibus Club International (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCI
Brain Computer Interface From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bclock
Bezier Clock Bezier Clock, looking somewhat different than usual clocks. This very funny clock uses
a Bezier curve to draw the hands of the clock. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCM
Basic Control Monitor (OS, Xerox, Xerox 530) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCN
Backbone Concentrator Node (Wellfleet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCOB
Broadband Class of Bearer (B−ISDN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCP
Basic Call Process (IN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCP
Binary Communications Protocol From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCP
Binary Control Protocol (Adobe, PS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCP
[Internet] Best Current Practice (Internet, RFC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCP
[PPP] Bridging Control Protocol (PPP, RFC 1638) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCPL
// n. [abbreviation, `Basic Combined Programming Language') A programming language developed
by Martin Richards in Cambridge in 1967. It is remarkable for its rich syntax, small size of compiler
(it can be run in 16k) and extreme portability. It reached break−even point at a very early stage, and
was the language in which the original hello world program was written. It has been ported to so
many different systems that its creator confesses to having lost count. It has only one data type (a
machine word) which can be used as an integer, a character, a floating point number, a pointer, or
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almost anything else, depending on context. BCPL was a precursor of C, which inherited some of its
features. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCPL
Basic / BBN Combined Programming Language (BBN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCRFS
Bell System Reference Frequency Standard From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
Banking Communication Standard (banking) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
Basic Combined Subset From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
Basic Control System (OS, HP, HP 2100) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
Binary Compatibility Standard (Motorola) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
Block Check Sequenz (GPRS, GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCS
British Computer Society (org., UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCSM
Basic Call State Model (IN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BCU
Bus Controller Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDA
BIOS Data Area (BIOS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDA
Borland DAtabase (Borland, DB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDA
BundesDatenAutobahn [e.v] (org., ISP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDAM
Basic Direct Access Method (DAM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDC
Backup DOMAIN Controller (MS, Windows NT, PDC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDE
BetriebsDatenErfassung From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDE
Borland Database Engine (Borland, Delphi, DB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDF
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Bitmap Description / Display Format (Adobe, Fonts) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDF Fonts
A variety of bitmapped fonts for the X Window System. (Also, see PostScript Fonts and TrueType
Fonts.) From I−gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bdflush
The bdflush process starts the kernel daemon which flushes dirty buffers back to disk (i.e., writes all
unwritten data to disk). This helps to prevent the buffers from growing too stale.Bdflush is a basic
system process that must run for your system to operate properly. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bdfresize
Resize BDF Format Font Bdfresize is a command to magnify or reduce fonts which are described
with the standard BDF format. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bdftopcf
convert X font from Bitmap Distribution Format to Portable Compiled Format From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bdftruncate
generate truncated BDF font from ISO 10646−1−encoded BDF font From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDK
[java]Beans Development Kit (Java) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDOS
Basic Disk Operating System (CP/M) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDR
Bus Device Request (SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BDSG
BundesDatenSchutzGesetz Germany From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beancounter
A stock portfolio performance monitoring tool This package provides beancounter, a tool to quantify
gains and losses in stock portfolios, as well as the BeanCounter Perl module that underlies it.
Beancounter queries stock prices from Yahoo! Finance server(s) around the globe and stores them in
a relational database (using PostgreSQL) so that the data can be used for further analysis. Canned
performance reports are available. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Beans
Components for the JavaBeans architecture. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BearOps
BearOps Linux, formerly MaxOS, provides the BearOps Linux Server. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beast
GTK+ Graphical network system to generate sound BEAST/BSE is a plugin−based system where you
can link objects to each other and generate sound. This is still an ALPHA version of the upstream.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEAT
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Best Enhanced Advanced Technology (Trident, AT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beav
Binary Editor And Viewer (beav) beav is an editor for binary files containing arbitrary data. Text file
editors, on the other hand, expect the files they edit to contain textual data, and/or to be formatted in a
certain way (e.g. lines of printable characters delimited by newline characters). With beav, you can
edit a file in HEX, ASCII, EBCDIC, OCTAL, DECIMAL, and BINARY. You can display but not
edit data in FLOAT mode. You can search or search and replace in any of these modes. Data can be
displayed in BYTE, WORD, or DOUBLE WORD formats. While displaying WORDS or DOUBLE
WORDS the data can be displayed in INTEL's or MOTOROLA's byte ordering. Data of any length
can be inserted at any point in the file. The source of this data can be the keyboard, another buffer, or
a file. Any data that is being displayed can be sent to a printer in the displayed format. Files that are
bigger than memory can be handled. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beaver
An Early AdVanced EditoR Beaver is a text editor that is lightweight but full of features for
programming from web authoring to C programming. It is based on the GTK+ toolkit, supports tons
of languages through config files (compatible with UltraEdit 'wordfile.txt') and offers functions such
as automatic indentation, correction and completion, or syntax highlighting. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEB
Binary Exponential Backoff (CSMA/CD, LIB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEC
Back−End−Chip (DVR) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BECEEP
BErlin Continuing Engineering Education Program, "BeCEEP" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Becker, Donald
a staff scientist with the Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (CESDIS).
Donald has been extremely influential in the development of low−cost, high−performance parallel
computing as the chief investigator of the Beowulf Project. Becker has written enhancements to the
kernel network subsystem to support faster I/O on high−speed networks, device drivers for countless
Ethernet cards, and a distributed shared−memory package. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BECN
Backward Explicit Congestion Notification (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BED
Bookmark Exploring Dabbler (VRML) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEDO
Burst EDO [DRAM] (EDO, RAM, DRAM, IC, Micron) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEDODRAM
Burst Extended Data Out DRAM (RAM, DRAM, IC), "BEDO−DRAM" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beecrypt2
An open source C library of cryptographic algorithms. BeeCrypt is an open source cryptography
library that contains highly optimized C and assembler implementations of many well−known
algorithms including Blowfish, SHA−1, Diffie−Hellman, and ElGamal. Unlike some other crypto
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libraries, BeeCrypt is not designed to solve one specific problem, like file encryption, but to be a
general purpose toolkit which can be used in a variety of applications. There are also no patent or
royalty issues associated with BeeCrypt, and it is released under the GNU LGPL license, which
means it can be used for free in both open source and closed source commercial projects. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Beehive Linux
Beehive Linux is a distribution made by system administrators, for system administrors. It's intent is
to provide fast and clean setup of workhorse servers and workstations. Version 0.5.0 was released
April 16, 2002. Version 0.6.0 was released September 15, 2002. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beep
Advanced pc−speaker beeper beep does what you'd expect: it beeps. But unlike printf "\a" beep
allows you to control pitch, duration, and repetitions. Its job is to live inside shell/perl scripts and
allow more granularity than one has otherwise. It is controlled completely through command line
options. It's not supposed to be complex, and it isn't − but it makes system monitoring (or whatever
else it gets hacked into) much more informative. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEEV
Bundesverband der Elektronik− und ElektroschrottVerwerter (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEF
Brightness Enhancement Foile (LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beforelight
screen saver From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Behlendorf, Brian
although the Apache web server is largely a community effort, Behlendorf is probably one of its most
important developers. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bell−LaPadula Modle (BLM)
An academic model for enforcing access control for government and military. The model is based
around the idea of mandator access control. The formal definition from TCSEC is: ...a means of
restricting access to objects based on the sensitivity (as represented by a label) of the information
contained in the objects and the formal authorization (e.g., clearance) of subjects to access
information of such sensitivity In this definition, a "subject" is somebody (user) who wants access to
an "object" (information, data file, system). The subject and object have different security levels.
Objects (information, data, systems) are assigned security classification levels. A typical example
would be: unclassified < confidential < secret < top−secret Subjects are assigned similar clearance
levels that allow access to objects of similar level or below. For example, if you are a government
employee with "secret" clearance level, you can access everything but "top−secret" information. A
classification level such as "top−secret" will also include categories. For example, you may have a
"secret" clearance for NATO information, and "top−secret" clearance for all matters pertaining to
nuclear weapons. The system follows the principle of least privilege. Therefore, you would not be
cleared to access top−secret NATO nuclear plans because your NATO clearance isn't high enough.
From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BELLCORE
BELL COmmunications REsearch (org., USA), "Bellcore" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEOS
Be Operating System (OS), "BeOS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Beowulf
a multi computer architecture which can be used for parallel computations. It is a system which
usually consists of one server node, and one or more client nodes connected together via Ethernet or
some other network. It is a system built using commodity hardware components, like any PC capable
of running Linux, standard Ethernet adapters, and switches. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Beowulf
A network of relatively inexpensive computers (including PCs), potentially using different processors
and hardware architectures, united by Linux and special system−level software into a massively
parallel computing system. The end result is a system capable of supercomputer computation at a
much lower price. This sort of system is ideal for compute−intensive tasks such as weather modeling,
because the calculations can be divided among dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of separate
processors all running simultaneously. Sometimes referred to a "Beowulf−class supercomputer", or a
super−cluster or hyper−cluster. For more on Beowulf technology, read the following articles:
www.linuxworld.com/linuxworld/lw−2000−04/lw−04−parallel.html, and
www.ibm.com/press/prnews.nsf/Searchvw/3f4e88b102477aa5852568460067a52a. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Beowulf
Famed was this Beowulf: far flew the boast of him, son of Scyld, in the Scandian lands. So becomes it
a youth to quit him well with his father's friends, by fee and gift, that to aid him, aged, in after days,
come warriors willing, should war draw nigh, liegemen loyal: by lauded deeds shall an earl have
honor in every clan. Beowulf is the earliest surviving epic poem written in English. It is a story about
a hero of great strength and courage who defeted a monster called Grendel. See History to find out
more about the Beowulf hero. There are probably as many Beowulf definitions as there are people
who build or use Beowulf Supercomputer facilities. Some claim that one can call their system
Beowulf only if it is built in the same way as the NASA's original machine. Others go to the other
extreme and call Beowulf any system of workstations running parallel code. My definition of
Beowulf fits somewhere between the two views described above, and is based on many postings to
the Beowulf mailing list: Beowulf is a multi computer architecture which can be used for parallel
computations. It is a system which usually consists of one server node, and one or more client nodes
connected together via Ethernet or some other network. It is a system built using commodity hardware
components, like any PC capable of running Linux, standard Ethernet adapters, and switches. It does
not contain any custom hardware components and is trivially reproducible. Beowulf also uses
commodity software like the Linux operating system, Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) and Message
Passing Interface (MPI). The server node controls the whole cluster and serves files to the client
nodes. It is also the cluster's console and gateway to the outside world. Large Beowulf machines
might have more than one server node, and possibly other nodes dedicated to particular tasks, for
example consoles or monitoring stations. In most cases client nodes in a Beowulf system are dumb,
the dumber the better. Nodes are configured and controlled by the server node, and do only what they
are told to do. In a disk−less client configuration, client nodes don't even know their IP address or
name until the server tells them what it is. One of the main differences between Beowulf and a Cluster
of Workstations (COW) is the fact that Beowulf behaves more like a single machine rather than many
workstations. In most cases client nodes do not have keyboards or monitors, and are accessed only via
remote login or possibly serial terminal. Beowulf nodes can be thought of as a CPU + memory
package which can be plugged in to the cluster, just like a CPU or memory module can be plugged
into a motherboard. Beowulf is not a special software package, new network topology or the latest
kernel hack. Beowulf is a technology of clustering Linux computers to form a parallel, virtual
supercomputer. Although there are many software packages such as kernel modifications, PVM and
MPI libraries, and configuration tools which make the Beowulf architecture faster, easier to configure,
and much more usable, one can build a Beowulf class machine using standard Linux distribution
without any additional software. If you have two networked Linux computers which share at least the
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/home file system via NFS, and trust each other to execute remote shells (rsh), then it could be argued
that you have a simple, two node Beowulf machine. From Beowulf−HOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BER
Basic Encoding Rules [for ASN.1] (ASN.1, OSI, ISO, IS 8825) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BER
Bit Error Rate From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND)
A domain name service implementation developed by the University of California at Berkeley. BIND
is distributed with the named daemon, which actively listens for requests and queries root name
servers to translate IP addresses to corresponding domain names and vice versa. From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BERKOM
BERliner KOMmunikationssystem (network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BERT
Bit Error Rate Test From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BES
Block Ended by Symbol (IBM, assembler) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BES
Bursty Errored Seconds (DS1/E1) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEST
Borland Enhanced Support and Training (Borland) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEST
Business Executive System for Timesharing (OS, Qantel) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beta
/bay't*/, /be't*/ or (Commonwealth) /bee't*/ n. 1. Mostly working, but still under test; usu. used with
`in': `in beta'. In the Real World, systems (hardware or software) software often go through two stages
of release testing: Alpha (in−house) and Beta (out−house?). Beta releases are generally made to a
group of lucky (or unlucky) trusted customers. 2. Anything that is new and experimental. "His
girlfriend is in beta" means that he is still testing for compatibility and reserving judgment. 3. Flaky;
dubious; suspect (since beta software is notoriously buggy). Historical note: More formally, to
beta−test is to test a pre−release (potentially unreliable) version of a piece of software by making it
available to selected (or self−selected) customers and users. This term derives from early 1960s
terminology for product cycle checkpoints, first used at IBM but later standard throughout the
industry. `Alpha Test' was the unit, module, or component test phase; `Beta Test' was initial system
test. These themselves came from earlier A− and B−tests for hardware. The A−test was a feasibility
and manufacturability evaluation done before any commitment to design and development. The
B−test was a demonstration that the engineering model functioned as specified. The C−test
(corresponding to today's beta) was the B−test performed on early samples of the production design,
and the D test was the C test repeated after the model had been in production a while. From Jargon
Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
beta software
Development copies that are released prior to the full version. They are released to aid debugging of
the software and to obtain real world reports of its operation. An expiry date is often built into the
software. See alpha software. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
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http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEVU
Bundesvereinigung mittelstaendischer Elektro− und elektronikgeraete entsorgungs− und
VerwertungsUnternehmen Org., Germany From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BEW
Business Engineering Workbench (R/3, SAP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BF
Bus Fraction [pin] (Intel, Pentium, CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bfbtester
Brute Force Binary Tester BFBTester is great for doing quick, proactive, security checks of binary
programs. BFBTester will perform checks of single and multiple argument command line overflows
as well as environment variable overflows. BFBTester can also watch for tempfile creation activity to
alert the user of any programs using unsafe tempfile names. While BFBTester can not test all
overflows in software, it is useful for detecting initial mistakes that can red flag dangerous software.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BFD
Binary File Descriptor (Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BFN
Bye For Now (slang, IRC, Usenet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BFOC
Bayonet Fiber Optic Connector From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bfr
nonblocking 8−bit−clean pipe buffer bfr's purpose is to buffer data. It buffers from its standard input
and/or a list of files of your choosing, and allows this data to flow to its standard output at whatever
rate that end can handle. It's useful for any situation in which its beneficial to have I/O occur in a
detached yet smooth fashion. Also contained is bfp, a buffering /dev/dsp writer. Pipe your raw PCM
data to it, for skip−free bliss. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BFT
Binary File Transfer (DFUe) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bg5cc
Big−5 wide−characters rectifier Bg5cc converts `\' in Big−5 wide−characters that appear in source
programs to `\\'. This ensures programs that contain Big−5 characters can be compiled correctly.
Bg5cc should have little use to end−users. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bg5ps
A utility to print Chinese Big5/GB documents using TrueType fonts Bg5ps is a utility to output a
Postscript file from a Chinese Big5 or GB2312 encoded document by using TrueType fonts.
Postscript files produced by Netscape and mpage that contain Big5 or GB2312 characters can be
filtered by bg5ps so that the Chinese characters within can be printed correctly. If you want to use the
configuration tool 'bg5psconf', make sure you have the package python−gtk installed. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BGA
Ball Grid Array (CPU, IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BGI
Borland Graphics Interface (Borland) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BGP
Border Gateway Protocol (RFC 1267/1771, IP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)
On the Internet, BGP is used between ISPs in order to communicate routers. For example, imagine
that the ALICE ISP needs to reach the BOB ISP. However, ALICE is not directly connected to BOB.
ALICE therefore must figure out which ISP should be used to send traffic to BOB. It is through the
use of BGP that such information is discovered. The name "border" comes from the fact that ISPs use
BGP only on their borders (in contrast, they would use some other protocol (like OSPF) inside their
networks). Key point: BGP can be subverted in many ways. BGP is generally unauthenticated, and
rogue ISPs can play havoc. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BGT
Broadcast and Group Translators From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BHCA
Busy Hour Call Attempts From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BHLI
Broadband High Layer Information, "B−HLI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BHN
Bayerisches Hochschulnetz (network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BHT
Branch History Table (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BI
Breidbart−Index (Usenet, ECP, EMP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIAB
Back In A Bit (DFUe, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIB
Bus Interface Board From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibindex
Fast lookup in BibTeX bibliography data bases bibindex converts a .bib file to a .bix file, which is a
compact binary representation of the .bib file containing hash tables for fast lookup, as well as byte
offset positions into the corresponding .bib file. biblook provides an interactive lookup facility using
the .bix and .bib files. It verifies that the file version number and bibindex version number match its
own values, and also compares the file time stamps so that it can detect whether the .bix file is
out−of−date with respect to the .bib file. In either case, execution terminates. This Debian package
features a command line history mechanism through the GNU readline library. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibletime
A bible study tool for KDE BibleTime 1.1 is a free and easy to use bible study tool for UNIX systems.
It requires a working KDE2 environment and SWORD 1.5.3 or later. BibleTime provides easy
handling of digitized texts (Bibles, commentaries and lexicons) and powerful features to work with
these texts (search in texts, write own notes, save, print etc.). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
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http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibtex
make a bibliography for (La)TeX From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibtex2html
BibTeX to HTML translator and BibTeX filter tool Collection of tools for filtering BibTeX data bases
and for producing HTML documents from BibTeX data bases: − aux2bib extracts a BibTeX database
consisting of only the entries that are refereed by an aux file. − bib2bib is a filter tool that reads one or
several bibliography files, filters the entries with respect to a given criterion, and outputs the list of
selected keys together with a new bibliography file containing only the selected entries; − bibtex2html
is a translator that reads a bibliography file and outputs two HTML documents that are respectively
the cited bibliography in a nice presentation, and the original BibTeX file augmented with several
transparent HTML links to allow easy navigation. See the bibtex2html homepage
http://www.lri.fr/~filliatr/bibtex2html/index.en.html. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibtool
A tool for manipulating BibTeX data bases. BibTeX provides an easy to use means to integrate
citations and bibliographies into LaTeX documents. But the user is left alone with the management of
the BibTeX files. The program BibTool is intended to fill this gap. BibTool allows the manipulation
of BibTeX files which goes beyond the possibilities −− and intentions −− of BibTeX. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bibview
X11 Bibliography database tool bibview is a tool to let you set up and maintain BibTeX bibliography
databases. LaTeX can then use these automatically in citations and bibliographies in your documents.
From its README: It [bibview] supports the user in making new entries, searching for entries and
moving entries from one BiB to another. It is possible to work with more than one BiB
simultaneously. bibview is implemented with Xt and Athena Widgets. There are six types of windows
in bibview: The main window contains menus for customizing bibview and for working with BiBs on
the file level. The bibliography window (one for every open BiB) contains commands for
manipulating the BiB. The list window (at most one for every open BiB) shows a list of entries. It
displays the fields author, title, type and year. The card window (at most one for every entry) helps
editing an entry. It contains boxes for each field of the entry (according to the type). The fields can be
edited by putting the mouse cursor into the field. Macros in fields and the symbol for concatenation
('#') are marked with a preceding '@'. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIC
Bit Independence Criterion (cryptography) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIC
Bus Interface Chip (DVR) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BICI
Broadband InterCarrier Interface (B−ISDN), "B−ICI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bidentd
Bisqwit's identd Bisqwit's identd is an Identification Protocol (RFC 1413) daemon. It works like an
ident daemon is supposed to work. Masquerading is supported, and works recursively. Works only
under Linux, due to the use of /proc filesystem. A typical case for using Bisqwit's identd: − Alpha has
the internet connection. It has an ip in internet. − Beta is masqueraded by Alpha. − Gamma is
masqueraded by Beta. − Somebody in Gamma starts irc, and the irc server (in internet) gets the
username of the user in Gamma, correctly. All of these computers would be running bidentd (from
inetd), although Gamma could have any ident daemon, as it does not masquerade further. From
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Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIDI
BIDirectional From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIDS
Borland International Data Structures (Borland) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bidwatcher
Tool for watching and bidding on eBay auctions Bidwatcher is a tool for eBay users (eBay is a giant
internet auction site). It is a stand alone application that can track auctions and perform automated
bids. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
biew
console hex viewer/editor with disassembler BIEW (Binary vIEW) is a free, portable, advanced file
viewer with built−in editor for binary, hexadecimal and disassembler modes. It contains a highlight
PentiumIII/K7 Athlon/Cyrix−M2 disassembler, full preview of MZ, NE, PE, LE, LX, DOS.SYS,
NLM, ELF, a.out, arch, coff32, PharLap, rdoff executable formats, a code guider, and lot of other
features, making it invaluable for examining binary code. DOS, Win32, OS/2, Linux, BeOS, Unix
versions are available. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIF
Benchmark Interchange Format (PLB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIF
Built In Function (REXX) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
biff
a mail notification tool biff is a small little program that tells you when you get mail. Most standard
.bashrc files include 'biff y' at the start to enable notification. The included biff server is notified
whenever new mail arrives. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
biff /bif/ vt.
To notify someone of incoming mail. From the BSD utility biff(1), which was in turn named after a
friendly dog who used to chase frisbees in the halls at UCB while 4.2BSD was in development. There
was a legend that it had a habit of barking whenever the mailman came, but the author of biff says this
is not true. No relation to B1FF. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bifrost
The Bifrost Network Project aims to find stability, performance, filter capabilities, administration,
computer security, scalability and development possibilities of a Linux based streamlined
router/firewall system. The hardware is basically a standard PC with two (or more) network interfaces
(using preferably the Intel Tulip chip or an e1000 Gigabit card) and a 45 or 48 MB flash disk. The
operating system is a modified, minimal and optimized Linux distribution, with the kernel configured
for firewalling and routing. The filter which controls the firewall security policy, is part of the kernel
code and can be configured via ipfwadm, ipchains or iptables. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIG
Bionet Intelligent Gateway (BioData) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
big−endian
It describes the order in which bytes of a word are processed. Many RISC computers and 68000
processors use big−endian representations where the high−order byte is stored at the lower address.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIGFON
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Breitbandiges Integriertes Glasfaser−Fernmelde−OrtsNetz From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bigloo
A practical Scheme compiler Bigloo is a Scheme system which includes a compiler generating C code
and an interpreter. Bigloo is conformant to IEEE Scheme and is mostly conformant to Revised^5
Report on the Algorithmic Language Scheme with many extensions: − Rgc, a lex facility. − Match, a
pattern−matching compiler. − Foreign languages interface. − Module language. − Extension package
system. − An LALR facility. − An Object system. − DSSSL support. − Unicode characters and
strings. − Process, Pipe and Socket support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIKOS
BueroInformations− und KOmmunikationsSysteme (org., GI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
billard−gl
A billard game using OpenGL Play a game of billard against the computer or a friend. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIM
Broadband Interface Module From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIMA
British Interactive Multimedia Association (org., UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bin86
16−bit assembler and loader This is the as86 and ld86 distribution written by Bruce Evans. It's a
complete 8086 assembler and loader which can make 32−bit code for the 386+ processors (under
Linux it's used only to create the 16−bit boot sector and setup binaries). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Binaries
Source code that has been compiled into executable programs. In the UNIX/Linux world, some
software is distributed as source code only; other packages include both source and binaries; still
others are distributed only in binary format. From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binary
A code system that uses 2 as its base and 0s and 1s for its notation. Binary code is used by computers
as it functions well with digital electronics and Boolean algebra. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Binary
Information consisting entirely of ones and zeros. Also, commonly used to refer to files that are not
simply text files, e.g. images. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binary file
a file that contains codes which are not part of the ASCII character set. A binary file can contain any
type of information that can be represented by an 8 bit byte − a possible 256 values. From Linux
Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIND
Berkeley Internet Name DOMAIN [software] (Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bind
BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain) is an implementation of the DNS(Domain Name System)
protocols. BIND includes a DNS server (named), which resolves host names to IP addresses; a
resolver library (routines for applications to use when interfacing with DNS); and tools for verifying
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that the DNS server is operating properly. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bind
Internet Domain Name Server The Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) implements an Internet
domain name server. BIND is the most widely−used name server software on the Internet, and is
supported by the Internet Software Consortium, www.isc.org. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIND
See Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Daemon)
BIND is the most popular software on the Internet for providing DNS services. Your ISP is likely
running BIND. BIND is open−source. Key point: BIND provides about 80% of all DNS services. It is
also enabled by default on a lot of Linux distributions. As a result, any exploit discovered for BIND
has immediate and large impact on the Internet. As of November, 1999, all versions of BIND
previous to 8.2.2−P5/4.9.7 have known holes that can be exploited. It is likely that these newer
versions also have undiscovered exploitable holes as well. Key point: BIND comes in two versions,
4.x and 8.x. This is largely due to backwards compatibility: people are running a lot of older servers
and would rather patch them than upgrade to a newer version. Also, the newer 8.x code−base has not
be extensively peer−reviewed and is thought to be a lot less secure than the 4.x source base.
UPDATE: BIND v9 is now available, though most users are sticking with v8. See also: dig, DNS.
From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binfmt−support
Support for extra binary formats The binfmt_misc kernel module, contained in versions 2.1.43 and
later of the Linux kernel, allows system administrators to register interpreters for various binary
formats based on a magic number or their file extension, and cause the appropriate interpreter to be
invoked whenever a matching file is executed. Think of it as a more flexible version of the #!
executable interpreter mechanism. This package provides an 'update−binfmts' script with which
package maintainers can register interpreters to be used with this module without having to worry
about writing their own init.d scripts, and which sysadmins can use for a slightly higher−level
interface to this module. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bing
Empirical stochastic bandwidth tester Bing is a point−to−point bandwidth measurement tool (hence
the 'b'), based on ping. Bing determines the real (raw, as opposed to available or average) throughput
on a link by measuring ICMP echo requests' round trip times for different packet sizes at each end of
the link. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Binhex (BINary HEXadecimal)
A method for converting non−text files (non−ASCII) into ASCII. This is needed because Internet
e−mail can only handle ASCII. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binkd
FidoTech TCP/IP mailer Binkd is a FidoTech mailer designed for use over TCP/IP. This program is
NOT an internet mail transfer agent. If you don't know what it is, you don't need it. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binstats
Statistics tool for installed programs A utility to aid the tidying up of binaries, interpreted scripts, and
dynamic libraries. It can find the number and identity of a.out and ELF binaries, plus their debugging
symbols status, setuid status, and dynamic library dependence. It can count the number of Java
bytecode programs, tally up the main types of scripts, and look for unidentified executable text files.
Also it is able to find any duplicated executable names, unused libraries, binaries with missing
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libraries, statically linked binaries, and duplicated manual page names. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binutils
Binutils is a collection of binary utilities, including ar (for creating, modifying and extracting from
archives), as (a family of GNU assemblers), gprof (for displaying call graph profile data), ld (theGNU
linker), nm (for listing symbols from object files), objcopy (for copying and translating object files),
objdump (for displaying information from object files), ranlib (for generating an index for the
contents of an archive), size (for listing the section sizes of an object or archive file), strings (for
listing printable strings from files), strip (for discarding symbols), and addr2line (for converting
addresses to file and line). From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
binutils
The GNU assembler, linker and binary utilities. The programs in this package are used to assemble,
link and manipulate binary and object files. They may be used in conjunction with a compiler and
various libraries to build programs for Linux. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
biomode
[Biology] An Emacs mode to edit genetic data biomode provides you several interesting commands to
take the antiparallel of a region, convert it using readseq, runs blast on it, etc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bioperl
[Biology] Perl tools for computational molecular biology The Bioperl project is a coordinated effort
to collect computational methods routinely used in bioinformatics into a set of standard CPAN−style,
well−documented, and freely available Perl modules. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIOS
Basic Input Output System / Support (PC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System: services on a ROM chip that enable the hardware and software of a
computer to communicate with each other. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIOS
see Basic Input Output System (BIOS). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIP
Bit Interleaved Parity (SONET, ...) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIPV
Bit Interleaved Parity Violation From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIRA
Belgian Institute for Automatic Control (org., Belgium) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bird
Internet Routing Daemon Supports OSPF, RIPv2 (No v1), BGP both IPv4 and IPv6 and redistribution
between the protocols with a powerful configuration syntax. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
birthday
Display information about pending events on login Given a list of the dates of various different
events, works out and displays a list of those which will come up in the next couple of weeks. This
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was originally designed for birthdays, but can equally be used for reminders about yearly events, or
for a running diary. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIS
Business Information System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BISDN
Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network (ATM), "B−ISDN" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bison
A parser generator that is compatible with YACC. Bison is a general−purpose parser generator that
converts a grammar description for an LALR(1) context−free grammar into a C program to parse that
grammar. Once you are proficient with Bison, you may use it to develop a wide range of language
parsers, from those used in simple desk calculators to complex programming languages. Bison is
upward compatible with Yacc: all properly−written Yacc grammars ought to work with Bison with no
change. Anyone familiar with Yacc should be able to use Bison with little trouble. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bison
Bison is a general purpose parser generator that converts a grammar description for an LALR(1)
context−free grammar into a C program to parse that grammar. Bison can be used to develop a wide
range oflanguage parsers, from ones used in simple desk calculators to complex programming
languages. Bison is upwardly compatible with Yacc, so anycorrectly written Yacc grammar should
work with Bison without any changes. If you know Yacc, you should not have any trouble using
Bison. You do need to be proficient in C programming to be able to use Bison. Bison is only needed
on systems that are used for development.If your system will be used for C development, you should
install Bison. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BISP
Business Information System Program From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BISSI
Broadband Inter−Switching System Interface (B−ISDN), "B−ISSI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BISUP
Broadband ISDN User's Part (B−ISDN), "B−ISUP" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BISYNC
Binary SYNchronous Communications (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIT
Basic Interconnection Test (ISO 9646−1) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIT
Binary digIT From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bit
n. [from the mainstream meaning and `Binary digIT'] 1. [techspeak] The unit of information; the
amount of information obtained by asking a yes−or−no question for which the two outcomes are
equally probable. 2. [techspeak] A computational quantity that can take on one of two values, such as
true and false or 0 and 1. 3. A mental flag: a reminder that something should be done eventually. "I
have a bit set for you." (I haven't seen you for a while, and I'm supposed to tell or ask you something.)
4. More generally, a (possibly incorrect) mental state of belief. "I have a bit set that says that you were
the last guy to hack on EMACS." (Meaning "I think you were the last guy to hack on EMACS, and
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what I am about to say is predicated on this, so please stop me if this isn't true.") "I just need one bit
from you" is a polite way of indicating that you intend only a short interruption for a question that can
presumably be answered yes or no. A bit is said to be `set' if its value is true or 1, and `reset' or `clear'
if its value is false or 0. One speaks of setting and clearing bits. To toggle or `invert' a bit is to change
it, either from 0 to 1 or from 1 to 0. See also flag, trit, mode bit. The term `bit' first appeared in print
in the computer−science sense in a 1948 paper by information theorist Claude Shannon, and was there
credited to the early computer scientist John Tukey (who also seems to have coined the term
`software'). Tukey records that `bit' evolved over a lunch table as a handier alternative to `bigit' or
`binit', at a conference in the winter of 1943−44. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bit
Short for binary digit. The smallest unit of information a computer can read and manipulate. The
value of a bit is 1 or 0. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bit (Binary DigIT)
A single digit number in base−2, in other words, either a 1 or a zero. The smallest unit of
computerized data. Bandwidthis usually measured in bits−per−second. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bit bang
n. Transmission of data on a serial line, when accomplished by rapidly tweaking a single output bit, in
software, at the appropriate times. The technique is a simple loop with eight OUT and SHIFT
instruction pairs for each byte. Input is more interesting. And full duplex (doing input and output at
the same time) is one way to separate the real hackers from the wannabees. Bit bang was used on
certain early models of Prime computers, presumably when UARTs were too expensive, and on
archaic Z80 micros with a Zilog PIO but no SIO. In an interesting instance of the cycle of
reincarnation, this technique returned to use in the early 1990s on some RISC architectures because it
consumes such an infinitesimal part of the processor that it actually makes sense not to have a UART.
Compare cycle of reincarnation. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bit bashing
n. (alt. `bit diddling' or bit twiddling) Term used to describe any of several kinds of low−level
programming characterized by manipulation of bit, flag, nybble, and other
smaller−than−character−sized pieces of data; these include low−level device control, encryption
algorithms, checksum and error−correcting codes, hash functions, some flavors of graphics
programming (see bitblt), and assembler/compiler code generation. May connote either tedium or a
real technical challenge (more usually the former). "The command decoding for the new tape driver
looks pretty solid but the bit−bashing for the control registers still has bugs." See also bit bang, mode
bit. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bit bucket
n. [very common] 1. The universal data sink (originally, the mythical receptacle used to catch bits
when they fall off the end of a register during a shift instruction). Discarded, lost, or destroyed data is
said to have `gone to the bit bucket'. On Unix, often used for /dev/null. Sometimes amplified as `the
Great Bit Bucket in the Sky'. 2. The place where all lost mail and news messages eventually go. The
selection is performed according to Finagle's Law; important mail is much more likely to end up in
the bit bucket than junk mail, which has an almost 100% probability of getting delivered. Routing to
the bit bucket is automatically performed by mail−transfer agents, news systems, and the lower layers
of the network. 3. The ideal location for all unwanted mail responses: "Flames about this article to the
bit bucket." Such a request is guaranteed to overflow one's mailbox with flames. 4. Excuse for all mail
that has not been sent. "I mailed you those figures last week; they must have landed in the bit bucket."
Compare black hole. This term is used purely in jest. It is based on the fanciful notion that bits are
objects that are not destroyed but only misplaced. This appears to have been a mutation of an earlier
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term `bit box', about which the same legend was current; old−time hackers also report that trainees
used to be told that when the CPU stored bits into memory it was actually pulling them `out of the bit
box'. See also chad box. Another variant of this legend has it that, as a consequence of the `parity
preservation law', the number of 1 bits that go to the bit bucket must equal the number of 0 bits. Any
imbalance results in bits filling up the bit bucket. A qualified computer technician can empty a full bit
bucket as part of scheduled maintenance. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bitchx
Advanced Internet Relay Chat client This is the bleeding edge of IRC software −− the most common
functions normally done by scripts are coded into the client itself. It contains dozens of features such
as: * Built−in ANSI color (this is probably the biggest feature) * Ease of use −− dozens of useful
command aliases to reduce typing * Built−in notify, protection, and bot lists * Built−in mass
commands and tools * Extended set of DCC commands and built−in CDCC offering * Extended
scripting functionality, including unique functions * Code is based on ircII−Plutonium and more
recent ircII−EPiC Online linux help is available at irc.debian.org. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bitcollider
Collects bitprint and other information from files for bitzi.com Think of it as a really big file hash
database on the internet with constant contributions from others of metadata on files. Bitcollider is a
small program to reliably identify and describe files on your machine. When run with a specific file as
input, this program does two major things: * It examines the file, calculating a distinctive digital
fingerprint, or bitprint, and taking note of some other identifying information that can be extracted
from the file, like file length and the local filename. * It launches your web browser to do a lookup at
our website, submitting this identifying information as the search terms. At bitzi.com you'll see what
− if anything − others have said about your file, and have a chance to contribute descriptions or
comments yourself. If your automatic submission included information useful to our database, that
new information will be contributed to the database under your screen name. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bitmap
bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bitmap
Define a new bitmap from a Tcl script From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BITNET
Because It's Time NETwork (network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BITNET (Because It's Time NETwork (or Because It's There NETwork))
A network of educational sites separate from the Internet, but e−mail is freely exchanged between
BITNET and the Internet. Listservs., a popular form of e−mail discussion groups, originated on
BITNET. At its peak (the late 1980's and early 1990's) BITNET machines were usually mainframes,
often running IBM's MVS operating system. BITNET is probably the only international network that
is shrinking. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bits
pl.n. 1. Information. Examples: "I need some bits about file formats." ("I need to know about file
formats.") Compare core dump, sense 4. 2. Machine−readable representation of a document,
specifically as contrasted with paper: "I have only a photocopy of the Jargon File; does anyone know
where I can get the bits?". See softcopy, source of all good bits See also bit. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BIU
Bus Interface Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BIX
Byte Information eXchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BJT
Bipolar Junction Transistor (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BK
Buero Kommunikation From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bk2site
Utility to turn bookmarks into Yahoo/Slashdot like pages bk2site will transform a Netscape
bookmarks file (use xbel−utils to convert other formats) into a yahoo−like website with slashdot−like
news. You can see an example website created with it at http://MultiAgent.com. The program has
several nice features: Includes hit−counter and display feature (see which URLs are popular). Includes
integrated cgi−bin search.pl program. Nice−looking output. Powerful customization. Inserts
navigation information into the top of each page. Puts a "new" icon next to new entries. Supports any
other icon(s) (e.g., cool.gif, hot.gif) you might want to show. Puts New Additions on the front page.
Puts News Items on the front page. Supports URL and directory aliases. Use PRIVATE keyword to
keep some URLs/folders from appearing. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BKS
BenutzerKoordinatenSystem (CAD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bl
Blink Keyboard LEDs. bl blinks the keyboard LEDs: the Num Lock, the Caps Lock, and the Scroll
Lock. bl is a very helpful monitor of server's state. Blinking speed could tell about CPU load. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BL
Blue Lightning [processor family] (Intel) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Black Cat Linux
Black Cat is a Russian distribution now owned by ASPLinux. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Black Lab Linux
Terra Soft Solutions provides Black Lab for HPC Clusters. It features a graphical installation,
configuration, and maintenance suite for Yellow Dog Linux HPC (high performance computing)
clusters. It's designed to work with Apple Macintosh and Terra Soft's Yellow briQ Nodes. Black Lab
ships with the YDL 2.1 foundation and includes a subscription for 2 upgrades to future releases of
both YDL and Black Lab. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
black−box
Find the crystals There's a black box. You can shoot in and watch, where the shot leaves the box. In
the box, crystals are reflecting the shots. You have to guess where the crystals are hidden, by
watching your shots. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blackbox
Window manager for X This is a window manager for X. It is similar in many respects to such
popular packages as Window Maker, Enlightenment, and FVWM2. You might be interested in this
package if you are tired of window managers that are a heavy drain on your system resources, but you
still want an attractive and modern−looking interface. The best part of all is that this program is coded
in C++, so it is even more attractive "under the hood" than it is in service −− no small feat. If none of
this sounds familiar to you, or you want your computer to look like Microsoft Windows or Apple's
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OS X, you probably don't want this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blackened
A feature rich ircII based IRC client IRC (Internet Relay Chat) provides a way of communicating in
real time with people from all over the world. It consists of various separate networks (or "nets") of
IRC servers, machines that allow users to connect to IRC. The largest nets are EFnet (the original IRC
net, often having more than 32,000 people at once), Undernet, IRCnet, DALnet, NewNet and OPN.
Generally, the user (such as you) runs a program (called a "client") to connect to a server on one of
the IRC nets. The server relays information to and from other servers on the same net. The ircII
program is the first widely used IRC client. IrcII has spawned several other clients in modern times,
all of which keep the basic ircII command set and add to it in various more or less useful ways.
Blackened is an enhanced ircII based IRC client that offers a variety of features not found in other
clients, including commands designed for IRC server operators and administrators. Normal users also
benefit from additional functionality. See also the Official Blackened Website at
http://www.blackened.com/blackened/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BlackRhino GNU/Linux
BlackRhino is a free Debian−based GNU/Linux software distribution for the Sony PlayStation 2. It
contains over 1,200 software packages to aid in using and creating programs for the Sony PlayStation
2 Linux kit. The programs range in functionality from simple games, to text editors, compilers, web
servers, windowing systems, database systems, graphics packages, mail servers and a variety of other
tools and utilities. Version 1.0 was released March 4, 2003. A 'special purpose/mini' distribution.
From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blacs1−lam
Basic Linear Algebra Communications Subprograms The BLACS project is an ongoing investigation
whose purpose is to create a linear algebra oriented message passing interface that may be
implemented efficiently and uniformly across a large range of distributed memory platforms. You can
choose between an implementation based on MPI or PVM. This package uses MPI. There also exist
implementations on HP Exemplar, IBM SP Series, Thinking Machines CM−5, SGI Origin 2000 and
some Crays. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLADE
Basic Linear Algebra for Distributed Environments From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blas
Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines, shared library BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines) is a set of
efficient routines for most of the basic vector and matrix operations. They are widely used as the basis
for other high quality linear algebra software, for example lapack and linpack. This implementation is
the Fortran 77 reference implementation found at netlib. This package contains a shared version of the
library. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blas−test
Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines, testing programs BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines) is a
set of efficient routines for most of the basic vector and matrix operations. They are widely used as
the basis for other high quality linear algebra software, for example lapack and linpack. This
implementation is the Fortran 77 reference implementation found at netlib. This package contains a
set of programs which test the integrity of an installed blas−compatible shared library. These
programs may therefore be used to test the libraries provided by the blas package as well as those
provided by the atlas packages. The programs are dynamically linked −− one can explicitly select a
library to test by setting the LD_LIBRARY_PATH or LD_PRELOAD environment variables.
Likewise, one can display the library selected using the ldd program in an identical environment.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLAST
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BLocked ASynchronous Transmission From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blast
Vent your frustration with programs by blowing holes in them Blast lets you vent your frustration
with programs by blowing holes in them. With this program you can blast holes any window in X.
Holes become permanent unless you repair them before you quit. You may move permanently
"damaged" windows and enjoy the view behind the holes. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blast2
Basic Local Alignment Search Tool The famous sequence alignment program. This is "official" NCBI
version, #2. The blastall executable allows you to give a nucleotide or protein sequence to the
program. It is compared against databases and a summary of matches is returned to the user. Note that
databases are not included in Debian; they must be retrieved manually. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blatte
a powerful text markup and transformation language A blatte document can be translated into a Perl
program that, when executed, produces a transformed version of the input document. A Major emacs
mode for editing Blatte source is also included. Many users will be interested in Blatte's ability to
serve as a high−level language for writing web pages. This requires the module blatte−html which is
included. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLER
BLock Error Rate (CD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLFS (Beyond Linux From Scratch)
Beyond Linux From Scratch (BLFS) is a project with the aim of assisting LFS users to go beyond the
base system. It contains a broad range of instrutions for installing and configuring various packages
on top of a base LFS system. If you are wondering why you would want an LFS system or what one
is, see the entry for LinuxFromScratch below in this list. BLFS 1.0 was released April 28, 2003 under
the original BSD License. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blinkd
Blinks keyboard LEDs for an answering machine or fax machine. Blinkd is a client/server pair, that
lets the keyboard LEDs blink, indicating things like the number of incoming voice calls in the voice
box or incoming faxes in the spool. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blitz++
C++ template class library for scientific computing Blitz++ offers a high level of abstraction, but
performance which rivals Fortran. The current version supports arrays and vectors. This package
includes libraries and headers for compiling programs with blitz++. Homepage
http://oonumerics.org/blitz/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLLI
Broadband Low Layer Information (BISDN), "B−LLI" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLM
Bayerische Landeszentrale fuer neue Medien (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLMX
Board−Level Multitasking eXecutive (OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bloatware
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n. [common] Software that provides minimal functionality while requiring a disproportionate amount
of diskspace and memory. Especially used for application and OS upgrades. This term is very
common in the Windows/NT world. So is its cause. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLOB
Binary Large OBject From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Block
A unit of information that's processed or transferred. The unit size may vary. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
block
v. [common; from process scheduling terminology in OS theory] 1. vi. To delay or sit idle while
waiting for something. "We're blocking until everyone gets here." Compare busy−wait. 2. `block on'
vt. To block, waiting for (something). "Lunch is blocked on Phil's arrival." From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
block transfer computations
n. [from the television series "Dr. Who"] Computations so fiendishly subtle and complex that they
could not be performed by machines. Used to refer to any task that should be expressible as an
algorithm in theory, but isn't. (The Z80's LDIR instruction, "Computed Block Transfer with
increment", may also be relevant.) From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blockdev
call block device ioctls from the command line From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Blog (weB LOG)
A blog is basically a journal that is available on the web. The activity of updating a blog is "blogging"
and someone who keeps a blog is a "blogger." Blogs are typically updated daily using software that
allows people with little or no technical background to update and maintain the blog. Postings on a
blog are almost always arranged in cronological order with the most recent additions featured most
prominantly. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bloksi
Sliding−blocks puzzle (glotski written in perl) Bloksi is a sliding−blocks puzzle : blocks should be
pushed around until a "goal" position is reached. This is nearly a clone −written in perl− of glotski,
whose files can be loaded. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blootbot
a severely modified infobot for IRC This bot is based upon infobot−0.44.2 by Kevin Lenzo. The basis
of infobot is still there but _many_ wild features have been added. Along the way, a couple of typos
were spotted in the original infobot source and fixed in this version. Without infobot, there would be
no blootbot so all thanks to kevin for bringing infobot in the first place. FEATURES * Additional
information stored with factoids. (factinfo) * Wide range of statistics for Bot, Factoids, IRC, Debian.
(status, factstats, ircstats, chanstats, cmdstats) * Advanced topic management. (the first cool feature) *
Improved factoid search, allowing search by key or value. * Freshmeat support (freshmeat.net) *
Debian Contents and Packages, search and info. * much more... From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLOROB
BLOck based ROBot From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLSM
Base Level System Modernization From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BLT
BLock Transfer From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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blt
Shared libraries for blt This is the shared libraries for BLT. You should only need this if you are using
programs which are linked to blt, or are developing programs in BLT. BLT is an extension to the Tk
toolkit, adding new widgets, geometry managers, and miscellaneous commands. It does not require
any patching of the Tcl or Tk source files. An attempt is being made to unify the BLT libraries so that
the package is independent of whatever tcl/tk library (e.g. 8.0,8.2,8.3) you are using. This will be via
the tcl stubs interface. As part of this process, blt8.0 is obsolete and this package dynamically chooses
the correct version of BLT library to match your situation. This makes is a lot bigger than if you
choose the library versions yourself, but means that you always have the version you need (not always
the case under the old system) From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Blue Cat Linux
BlueCat Linux from LynuxWorks is an enhanced implementation of the Linux model, made viable
for use in a wide range of embedded systems. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Blue Linux
Blue Linux, is a free Linux−based operating system bundled with many packages that are used in the
educational field, for computers in the educational field. Version 1.0RC2 was released April 16, 2002.
Version 1.0 was released January 30, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bluefish
A Gtk+ HTML editor Bluefish is a GTK HTML editor for the experienced web designer. It is
currently in alpha stage, but still usable. Its features include nice wizards for startup, tables and frame;
a fully featured image insert dialog; thumbnail creation and automatically linking of the thumbnail
with the original image; and configurable HTML syntax highlighting. For validation to work you
need weblint. For preview to work, you need a web browser that can view local files given to it on the
command line. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
blueflops
blueflops is a Linux distribution that fits on two floppy disks, and includes a graphical Web browser
(links 2.1pre9 using svgalib 1.4.3) and a popular IRC client (BitchX 1.0c19). The kernel is 2.4.20
with most of the Ethernet drivers compiled as modules. The C library is uClibc 0.9.16, busybox is a
slightly modified version of 0.61.pre. The 'links' and 'BitchX' binaries are statically linked and
compressed with UPX 1.90. The distinguishing feature of blueflops is its configuration procedure.
The scripts are all accessible through a 'setup' script, and they all have a nice 'dialog' front−end.
Version 1.0.0 was released April 15, 2003. A floppy−based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BluePoint Embedded
BluePoint, a leader in Chinese localized Linux software, provides Linux platform technology and
Embedded Linux Solution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BluePoint Linux
BluePoint claims to be China's leading Chinese localized Linux software company. From LWN
Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bluetooth
A wireless technology that uses short−range radio frequencies to allow communication between many
different devices. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMBF
BundesMinisterium fuer Bildung und Forschung (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMBW
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BundesMinisterium fuer Bildung und Wissenschaft (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bmconf
The installer and configurator of the Smart Boot Manager The Smart Boot Manager is a program
which runs at boot time, and give you the ability to select which OS you want to run. It has a lot of
functionality which haven't implemented by other boot managers, like scheduled default, boot from
other hard disk than first, good privilege system with encrypted passwords, online configuration, etc.
In this package you can find an installer and a configurator program too. With installer you can easily
install the SBM, but the configurator may be complicated, and to end−users I think the online
configuration is better. The configurator is good if you want to configure the Smart Boot Manager
from scripts. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMDP
Bio−Medical Data Package From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMECAT
Bundesverband Materialwirtschaft, Einkauf und Logistik CATalog data exchange format (XML),
"BMEcat" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMFT
BundesMinisterium fuer Forschung und Technik (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BML
Bean Markup Language (Java) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BML
Business Management Layer (TMN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMOS
Bipolar Metal Oxide Semiconductor (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMS
Basic Mapping Support (CICS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMS
Basic Monitor System (OS, DEC, PDP 9, PDP 15) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMS
Broadcast Message Server (PCTE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMT
Biel Mean Time (TZ, Internet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMTA
Backbone Message Transfer Agent (MTA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bmtoa
bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMUG
Berkeley Macintosh User Group (org., Apple, USA, user group) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bmv
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PostScript viewer for SVGAlib BMV is a frontend for GhostScript. Using BMV you can now preview
your PostScript files comfortably. You can also use it for viewing rawPBM image files. It uses
SVGAlib and it is intended for Linux users who cannot run X. It is particularly suitable for
previewing PS files from dvips. It is small and fast. The Debian version of bmv is patched to include a
rotate option and further keybindings. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BMWI
BundesMinisterium fuer WIssenschaft und technologie (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BN
Bridge Number From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNC
Baby N Connector (slang) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNC
Bayonet Neill Concelman [connector] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNC
Bayonet Nipple Connector (slang) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNC
Bayonet Nut Coupling ??? From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNC
British Naval Connector From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bnc
IRC Session Bouncing Proxy BouNCe is a daemon designed to allow some people who do not have
access to the net in general, but who do have access to another pc that can reach the net, the ability to
BouNCe though this pc to IRC. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BND
BundesNachrichtenDienst From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bnetd
Battle.Net server for Unix like systems The server currently implements most of the same
functionality as the real Battle.Net servers. You can chat, play games, use / commands, and things like
account passwords, user icons, add banners, and channel operators work too. It is by no means
complete, though. More information can be found at the bnetd web site http://www.bnetd.org/. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNF
Backus−Naur Form (TTCN, ...) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bnlib1
A multiple precision mathematics library. Assembly language routines are used to make this library
very fast. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNP
Broadband Network Premises From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNT
Broadband Network Termination (B−ISDN), "B−NT" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BNU
Basic Networking Utilities (AT&T) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BO
Back Orifice (CDC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOA
Basic Object Adapter From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boa
Lightweight and High Performance WebServer Boa is a single−tasking HTTP server. That means that
unlike traditional web servers, it does not fork for each incoming connection, nor does it fork many
copies of itself to handle multiple connections. It internally multiplexes all of the ongoing HTTP
connections, and forks only for CGI programs (which must be separate processes.) Preliminary tests
show boa is capable of handling several hundred hits per second on a 100 MHz Pentium. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bobo
Publish Python objects on web servers (command line version) From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bobot++
An IRC bot with scripting features. bobot++ is a robust IRC bot with many common bot features such
as flood control, userlist and channel control, logging, but also intelligent ban/deban and channel
mode settings. It also provides Scheme scripting features using Guile. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOCA
Borland Object Component Architecture (Borland) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bochs
IA−32 (x86) PC emulator Bochs is a highly portable free IA−32 (x86) PC emulator written in C++,
that runs on most popular platforms. It includes emulation of the Intel x86 CPU, common I/O devices,
and a custom BIOS. Currently, bochs can be compiled to emulate a 386, 486 or Pentium CPU. Bochs
is capable of running most Operating Systems inside the emulation including GNU, GNU/Linux,
Windows. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bock
Bootstrap−only compiler kit for a subset of Java(tm) BOCK is a prototype native compiler, originally
intended to enable a Java(tm) development environment to be bootstrapped from a C−only
environment. It was envisioned that its sole purpose in life would be to compile the forthcoming
"Jackal" Java compiler. BOCK has, since then, gained functionality, and should soon be able to
compile most non−graphical Java programs. Its lack of anything resembling error checking means
that it won't be of much use for development, but it might be able to generate a reasonably fast binary
version of your program. That said, BOCK is still very much in the pre−alpha testing stage. It is
therefore unlikely to be of use to anyone except dedicated hackers and developers. Also included is
"jcomp", a slightly more friendly front−end for bock, which compiles programs against the BOCK
mini−library and compiles BOCK's C output to native code in one step. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOD
Business Object Documents (OAG) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOF
Birds Of a Feather (Usenix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bogl−bterm
Ben's Own Graphics Library − graphical terminal Ben's Own Graphics Library is a small framebuffer
library, including basic widgets, support for text in multiple languages, and mouse handling. This
package contains bterm, a utf−enabled framebuffer terminal. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BogoMip
`BogoMips' is a contraction of `Bogus MIPS'. MIPS stands for (depending who you listen to) Millions
of Instructions per Second, or Meaningless Indication of Processor Speed. From Linux Guide
@FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BogoMIPS
/bo'go−mips/ n. The number of million times a second a processor can do absolutely nothing. The
Linux OS measures BogoMIPS at startup in order to calibrate some soft timing loops that will be used
later on; details at the BogoMIPS mini−HOWTO. The name Linus chose, of course, is an ironic
comment on the uselessness of all other MIPS figures. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bogosort
sorts or doesn't sort files or standard input bogosort sorts files or its standard input using the
bogo−sort algorithm. It can also simply randomize lines in a file for you. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOM
Beginning of Message From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOM
Byte Order Mark (Unicode) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bombardier
The GNU Bombing utility This game is the same as the old bombardier game on Commodore Plus 4.
This version supports hall of fame and more cities. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bombermaze
A bomberman clone for GNOME, for 2−4 players It is a multiplayer action game in which players
run around in a square−grid maze while dropping bombs and collecting power−ups. The bombs
explode after a short time delay, taking out any nearby bricks and players. For maximum effect,
bombs can be arranged so as to cause a chain reaction of explosions. The last player left is the winner.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BONDING
Bandwidth ON Demand INteroperability Group (org., manufacturer, AIM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bonnie++
Hard drive bottleneck testing benchmark suite. It is called Bonnie++ because it was based on the
Bonnie program. This program also tests performance with creating large numbers of files. Now
includes zcav raw−read test program. A modern hard drive will have more sectors in the outer tracks
because they are longer. The hard drive will have a number (often more than 8) of zones where each
zone has the same number of sectors (due to the need for an integral number of sectors per track).
This program allows you to determine the levels of performance provided by different zones and store
them in a convenient format for gnuplot. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bonobo
Bonobo is a library that provides the necessary framework for GNOME applications to deal with
compound documents, such spreadsheet and/or graphics embedded in a word−processing document.
From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bonobo
The GNOME Bonobo System. Bonobo is a set of language and system independent CORBA
interfaces for creating reusable components (controls) and creating compound documents. The
Bonobo distribution includes a Gtk+ based implementation of the Bonobo interfaces, enabling
developers to create reusable components and applications that can be used to form more complex
documents. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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bonsai
The famous Mozilla CVS query tool by web interface The Mozilla team made this tool to help
following the life of CVS modules. Here is the Debian version of this tools. WARNING: This tool
will not work out of the box. You will need to complete the install procedure according the
/usr/share/doc/bonsai/README.debian.gz document. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bonzai Linux
Bonzai Linux has been built to offer a Debian based Desktop−OS that fits on a 180MB CD−R(W).
The Distribution includes the current stable version of KDE and has been modified for easier
installation. Version 1.5 was released May 20, 2003. Version 2.1 was released June 23, 2003. From
LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bookmarker
WWW based bookmark management, retrieval and search tool Bookmarker is a nice tool for people
who have too many bookmarks, in too many different browsers, on too many different computers. It
helps manage bookmarks throw categories and allow other people access or extent your bookmark
database through a really simple http based interface. More information can be found at the
bookmarker web site http://renaghan.com/bookmarker/ . From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bookmarks
The Debian bookmark collection This package is a large collection of bookmarks (weblinks), and
shall constantly be updated and improved with your help. The German link collection for example is
already very complete. The numerous links are most useful to everybody, but of course especially for
newbies to find their way to the vast Internet resources. Although this bookmark collection lists all
kind of resources (e.g. search engines, links to online dictionaries, etc), the majority of them are still
computer and Linux oriented. This package also includes the Perl script bookmarks−convert that can
convert different bookmark formats (netscape, lynx, html). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bookview
Tcl/Tk based NDTP(Network Dictionary Transfer Protocol) client. BookView is a NDTP (Network
Dictionary Transfer Protocol) client written in Tcl/Tk. It requires Tcl8.0jp/Tk8.0jp (`jp' means
`Japanized version'). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boolean
Expression−based system that uses the operators AND, OR, and NOT; operations are based on
variables which can be 1 (true) or 0 (false). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot
The process of loading a computer's operating system. If your system is working properly, the
operating system boots when the computer is turned on. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot
To 'boot' a computer is to start the operating system. A boot can be a "hard boot" or a "soft boot". A
restart may be to the lowest level of the CPU's control program (BIOS), or slightly higher, depending
on whether it is a hard or soft boot and the design of the computer system. In any case, the "operating
system" is restarted from the beginning. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot
v.,n. [techspeak; from `by one's bootstraps'] To load and initialize the operating system on a machine.
This usage is no longer jargon (having passed into techspeak) but has given rise to some derivatives
that are still jargon. The derivative `reboot' implies that the machine hasn't been down for long, or that
the boot is a bounce (sense 4) intended to clear some state of wedgitude. This is sometimes used of
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human thought processes, as in the following exchange: "You've lost me." "OK, reboot. Here's the
theory...." This term is also found in the variants `cold boot' (from power−off condition) and `warm
boot' (with the CPU and all devices already powered up, as after a hardware reset or software crash).
Another variant: `soft boot', reinitialization of only part of a system, under control of other software
still running: "If you're running the mess−dos emulator, control−alt−insert will cause a soft−boot of
the emulator, while leaving the rest of the system running." Opposed to this there is `hard boot', which
connotes hostility towards or frustration with the machine being booted: "I'll have to hard−boot this
losing Sun." "I recommend booting it hard." One often hard−boots by performing a power cycle.
Historical note: this term derives from `bootstrap loader', a short program that was read in from cards
or paper tape, or toggled in from the front panel switches. This program was always very short (great
efforts were expended on making it short in order to minimize the labor and chance of error involved
in toggling it in), but was just smart enough to read in a slightly more complex program (usually from
a card or paper tape reader), to which it handed control; this program in turn was smart enough to read
the application or operating system from a magnetic tape drive or disk drive. Thus, in successive
steps, the computer `pulled itself up by its bootstraps' to a useful operating state. Nowadays the
bootstrap is usually found in ROM or EPROM, and reads the first stage in from a fixed location on
the disk, called the `boot block'. When this program gains control, it is powerful enough to load the
actual OS and hand control over to it. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Boot Disk
A diskette (floppy) containing enough of an operating system (such as Linux) to boot up (start) the
computer and run some essential programs from the command line. This may be necessary if the
system was rendered non−bootable for some reason. A boot disk can be used to partition and format
the hard drive, restore the Master Boot Record, or copy specific files, among other things. From
I−gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot diskette
A diskette that loads, or boots, a computer system.
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot loader
Software that is stored on the master boot record of a bootable storage disk; can load one or more
operating systems by reading file system information or through a pointer to a disk partition
containing operating system files. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot partition
The partition on a disk where the /boot directory is mounted. The boot partition contains the operating
system kernel, as well as critical files needed during the boot process. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Boot sector
The first track on an IBM PC−comptible hard disk or floppy disk (track 0). During the boot process,
read−only memory (ROM) tells the computer to read the first block of data on this track and load
whatever program is found there. If system files are found, they direct the computer to load
MS−DOS. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boot sector (boot record)
The first sector on a driver where the operating system will bootstrap from. Key point: Until macro
viruses came along, boot sector viruses where the most common variant. They spread through
companies via floppy disks. Users would leave floppy disks in the drive and when the computer
restarted, it would attempt to boot from the floppy. This would run the virus, which then infected the
boot sector on the hard drive. Any further floppies plugged into the system would then be infected by
the virus. Countermeasures: I worked at a company with anal anti−virus procedures (anti−virus on all
desktops, regular wiping of floppy disks). It was never able to completely free itself from the boot
sector virus problem; one of the viruses was never successfully eradicated from the company. My
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own personal policy is to disconnect the floppies on 90% of the machines, and disable floppy bootup
on the remaining machines. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Boot sequence
The order in which computers basic input output system (BIOS) searches disk drives for operating
system files. Unless programmed otherwise, IBM PCs and compatibles look for the operating system
on drive A first, then search drive C. To speed up your computers boot procedure, you can use the
BIOS setup program to make it search drive C first. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootcd
run your system from cd without need for disks. Copy your running Debian System on CD with the
command bootcdwrite. If your system has no CD−Writer you can build a bootcd via NFS on a remote
System with CD−Writer. When you run your system from CD you do not need any disks. All changes
will be done in ram. To reuse this changes at next boottime you can save them on FLOPPY with the
command bootcdflopcp. If booting from your CD−drive is not supported, booting from FLOPPY is
possible. It is possible to install a new system from the running CD with the command bootcd2disk.
Bootcd2disk can also find a target disk, format it and make it bootable automatically. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootdisk
a miniature, self−contained Linux system on a floppy diskette. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootE Linux
bootE Linux is yet another minimalist (i386) Linux distribution and is contained entirely on a single
floppy disk. It supports only single user mode, and is intended as a repair/rescue/emergency
distribution. Initial version 0.10 was released April 18, 2002. Version 0.20−r1 was released February
19, 2003. A floppy−based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootp
bootp/DHCP server This is a server for the bootp protocol; which allows network administrator to
setup networking information for clients via an /etc/bootptab on a server so that the clients can
automatically get their networking information. While this server includes rudimentary DHCP support
as well, we suggest using the dhcp package if you need DHCP support, as it is much more complete.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootp (boot protocol)
This relative ancient protocol facilitates booting devices ("clients") from a network server rather than
their local hard−disks (such as diskless workstations). In this configuration, the bootp protocol
configures the diskless device with its IP configuration information as well as the name of the file
server. At this point, the client shifts to TFTP to download the actual files it will use to boot from.
Key point: DHCP is simply an extension on top of bootp. This is important because without an IP
address, clients cannot reach bootp servers that reside across routers. Virtually all routers have an
extension for bootp forwarding that fixes this issue. Since DHCP had the same requires, the designers
just stuck it inside bootp packets rather than requiring yet another change to the routing infrastructure.
From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootparamd
Boot parameter server. bootparamd is a server process that provides information to diskless clients
necessary for booting. It consults the /etc/bootparams file to find the information it needs. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootpc
bootp client This is a boot protocol client used to grab the machines ip number, set up DNS
nameservers and other useful information. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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bootsplash
This package contains the scripts and pictures visible when booting a Mandrake kernel. They are
automatically installed when an initrd is generated by mkinitrd. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bootstrap
The ROM routine used to load the OS is often known as the 'bootstrap', from the old expression "pull
yourself up by your own bootstraps". From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bootstrap Protocol (bootp)
A TCP/IP protocol allowing a diskless workstation to find its own IP address at startup. From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOPS
Billion Operations Per Second From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BORSCHT
Battery, Overvoltage, Ringing, Signalling, Coding, Hybrid, Testing [functions] (PBX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOS
Basic Operating System (AIX, IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOS
Batch Operating System (OS, Honeywell) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOS360
Basic Operating System / 360 (OS, S/360, IBM), "BOS/360" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOS5
Business Operating Software /5 (OS), "BOS/5" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOSS
Basic OS Software for BASIC (OS, BASIC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bot
an IRC or MUD user who is actually a program. On IRC, typically the robot provides some useful
service. Examples are NickServ, which tries to prevent random users from adopting nicks already
claimed by others, and MsgServ, which allows one to send asynchronous messages to be delivered
when the recipient signs on. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOT
Back On Topic (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOT
Beginning Of Tape From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOT
Broadcast Online TV From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BOT
Build, Operate and Transfer (networke) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bot
Short for Robot. A program designed to search for information on the Internet with little human
intervention. From I−gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Boten GNU/Linux
Boten GNU/Linux is intended for home users and provides a fully−localized GNU/Linux
environment in Hebrew. It's especially made for those new to Linux, though aimed to please all users,
experts and newbies alike. It's currently based around the 2.4 Linux kernel series (USB supported)
and the GNU C Library version 2.2.5 (libc6 ELF). Boten GNU/Linux could be installed in a
UMSDOS partition as well and can run on 386 systems all the way up to the latest x86 machines.
Version 9.5 h1/i1 was released April 21, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bottlerocket
Utility to control X10 Firecracker devices A command−line utility to interact with the Firecracker
version of X10's home control devices. Also included is rocket launcher, a graphical frontend to
bottlerocket. If you want this functionality you should have wish installed From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bounce
This describes the action of an undeliverable email message being returned to the sender. In the
popular pine program the term bounce actually refers to the redirection of an email. From Linux
Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bounced message
An electronic mail message that comes back to the sender after a failed delivery attempt. The failure
may be due to an incorrectly−typed e−mail address or to a network problem. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bourne Shell
A popular command line shell offering many advantages over the DOS command prompt. (Also, see
Bash and Korn Shell.) From I−gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bourne Shell
The Bourne shell is the most widely used Unix shell.It prompts you with $.Its program name is sh.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boust
A tcl/tk text−reader that formats the file in boustrophedon This is a tcl/tk text−reader that formats the
file in boustrophedon (a reading− / writing− style that alternates direction every line). Unlike
conventional left−to−right styles of reading/writing, boustrophedon does not require the eye (or the
hand) to whip back to the margin whenever the end of a line is reached. In boustrophedon, the
horizontal position does not change; one simply goes down to the next line and continues. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
boxes
Textmode box− and comment drawing filter. Boxes is extremely configurable filter for adding and
removing ASCII art (comments, for example) around chunks of text. Most modern text editors
support filtering text through external filters. Boxes is such a filter. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BP
Base Pointer [register] (CPU, Intel, assembler) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bpalogin
login client for the Telstra Bigpond Cable Network (Australia) bpalogin is an open source login client
for the Telstra Bigpond Cable Network in Australia. It is neither written nor supported by Telstra or
Bigpond. It is both simple to use and stable. Unlike the standard client it does not crash, reconnects
when there is a network problem, is available for most operating systems, can run as a service on
WinNT/2k and comes with source From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPB
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BIOS Parameter Block (BIOS, DOS, HDD, FDD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPC
Broadcast Personal Computer (PC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPD
BankParameterDaten (DDBAC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPDU
Bridge Protocol Data Unit (PDU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPF
Berkeley Packet Filter (BSD, Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPI
Bits Per Inch (HDD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPIP
Best Play for Imperfect Player (NEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPL
Bytes Per Line From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bplay
Buffered audio file player/recorder The bplay package provides a simple command−line utility for
playing and recording audio files in raw sample, VOC and WAV formats. To use this program you
need a soundcard of some kind and the appropriate driver configured into your kernel. When run the
program creates two processes which share a memory buffer. It does reading/writing on the disk and
the sound device simultaneously, in order to be less liable to `pause' because the disk is too slow or
too busy. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPN
Back−Propagation Net (NN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bpowerd
monitor UPS status for Best Patriot power supplies bpowerd is used to monitor a serial port for the
status of a Best Patriot power supply. It runs as a daemon and sends status information to the system
log. bpowerd can detect powerfail, battery−low, and power−restore condi− tions. The status is
communicated to init via /dev/initctl. bpowerd can also send a signal to the power supply's inverter by
using the −k switch. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPP
Bits Per Pixel From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPP
Bridge Port Pair From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPS
Bits Per Second (MODEM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bps (Bits−Per−Second)
A measurement of how fast data is moved from one place to another. A 56K modem can move about
57,000 bits per second. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPSK
Bi−Phase Shift Keying [modulation] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BPU
Branch Prediction Unit (CPU, MMX, Intel) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPU
Branch Processing Unit (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BPV
BiPolar Violation [error event] (DS1/E1, DS3/E3) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BR
Boundary Representation (CAD, CAM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brahms
Graphical music editor and MIDI sequencer Brahms is a multi−track graphical music editor. It allows
score and piano−roll notation, multi−part tracks and drum−tracks. Brahms is part of the KDE project.
It uses the KDE sound daemon (aRTs) for MIDI input and output. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRaiLleSPEAK
BRLSPEAK is a Braille and Speech oriented mini−distribution of Linux for the visually impaired.
Support for English, French, and Dutch (Netherlands). A 'special purpose/mini' distribution. From
LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRAIN
Berlin Research Area Information Network (network) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRAM
Broadcast Recognition Access Method (MAC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRAP
Broadcast Recognition with Alternating Priorities (MAC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brazilian−conjugate
Brazilian Portuguese verb conjugator This package contains a interactive program (conjugue) capable
of conjugating portuguese verbs, as spoken in Brazil. The upstream version is numbered 1.0, but as it
is distributed together with the Ispell dictionary for Brazilian Portuguese, it has the same version
number as the ibrazilian package for Debian. See http://www.ime.usp.br/~ueda/br.ispell/ for more
information. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRB
Be Right Back (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brec
buffered sound recording/playing From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BREW
Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless (CDMA, Oualcomm) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRF
Benchmark Reporting Format (PLB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRI
Basic Rate Interface (ISDN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
B
339
Linux Dictionary
BRI
Bridge Router Interface ??? (Banyan, VINES) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bridge
Any device that connects two physically distinct network segments, usually at a lower network layer
than would a router. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bridge−utils
Utilities for configuring the Linux 2.4 bridge. This package contains utilities for configuring the
Linux ethernet bridge. The Linux ethernet bridge can be used for connecting multiple ethernet devices
together. The connecting is fully transparent: hosts connected to one ethernet device see hosts
connected to the other ethernet devices directly. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRIEF
Basic Reconfigurable Interactive Editing Facility From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRIM
Bridge/Router Interface Module From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brltty
Access software for a blind person using a soft braille terminal BRLTTY is a daemon which provides
access to the Linux console (text mode) for a blind person using a soft braille display. It drives the
braille terminal and provides complete screen review functionality. The following display models are
supported: * Alva (ABT3xx/Delphi) * BrailleLite (18 or 40) * BrailleNote 18/32 * Tieman
CombiBraille * EcoBraille displays * EuroBraille displays * HandyTech * LogText 32 * Tieman
MultiBraille * MDV braille displays * Tieman MiniBraille * Papenmeier * TSI
(PowerBraille/Navigator) * Vario Emul. 1 (40/80) * Vario Emul. 2 * Videobraille * Tieman Voyager
44/70 (USB) * VisioBraille From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
broadcast
a type of communication between hosts (or computers) on a network where a computer can talk to all
computers. See multicast and unicast. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
broadcast
Packets that transmit to all hosts on the network. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
broadcast
The term "broadcast" is generic and is used in many different area. The origin of the term obviously
means to cast out broadly, such as a radio broadcast. Subdefinition: Ethernet has broadcast domains,
allowing you to partially sniff some data from your neighbors, and possibly subvert it. Typical
protocols that can be sniffed and subverted in this manner are: ARP, NetBIOS, MSBROWSE, rwho,
bootp/DHCP, SNMP. An Ethernet broadcast address is "FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF". Subdefinition: The
Internet protocols TCP/IP support a feature known as a directed broadcast, which allows a remote
person the ability to send a single packet to an entire subnet. This will then take advantage of the
Ethernet broadcast domain once it reaches its destination. Attacks like smurf take advantage of this. A
directed broadcast address looks something like 192.0.2.255, where the last integer "255" means "all
devices on subnet 192.0.2.x". Subdefinition: The special IP address of "255.255.255.255" is the local
broadcast, and causes the packets to be sent to everyone locally, but not across the Internet. From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
broadcast domain
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A local network where broadcasts can be seen. Typical broadcast domains include cable−modem
networks, colocation facilities, and Ethernet networks. The problem with broadcast domains is that a
passive packet sniffer can discover vast amounts of information about the structure of the network.
Attackers on the same broadcast domains can also broadcast packets that break into their neighbors,
such as in ARP redirects. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Broadcast message
In a network, a message to all system users that appears when you log in to the system. For example,
broadcast messages are used to inform users when the system will be shut down for maintenance.
From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brown−paper−bag bug
n. A bug in a public software release that is so embarrassing that the author notionally wears a brown
paper bag over his head for a while so he won't be recognized on the net. Entered popular usage after
the early−1999 release of the first Linux 2.2, which had one. The phrase was used in Linus Torvalds's
apology posting. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brownout
A period of low−volatage electrical power caused by unusually heavy demand, such as that created by
summertime air−conditioner user. Brownouts can cause computers to operate eractically or crash,
either of which can result in data loss. If brownouts frequently cause your computer to crash, you may
need to buy a line−interactive uninterruptible power supply to work with yout machine. From
QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Browser
A Program which allows your computer to download and display documents from the World Wide
Web. The two most popular browsers are Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. It is also a
software that allows users to access and navigate the World Wide Web. Some Web browsers, such as
Mosaic and Netscape, are graphical. Lynx is a text−based browser. From Glossary of Distance
Education and Internet Terminology http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
browser
n. A program specifically designed to help users view and navigate hypertext, on−line documentation,
or a database. While this general sense has been present in jargon for a long time, the proliferation of
browsers for the World Wide Web after 1992 has made it much more popular and provided a central
or default techspeak meaning of the word previously lacking in hacker usage. Nowadays, if someone
mentions using a `browser' without qualification, one may assume it is a Web browser. From Jargon
Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
browser
See Web browser. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
browser−history
User daemon that tracks URLs looked at and logs them. Browser−history came from the will to
overcome a Netscape bug: there is no global history, and if you close a window, its whole history is
lost. For people browsing lots of sites, having the possibility of backtracking to where one has been
before means that you don't have to put everything in your bookmarks file. If you are not sure if a site
may be worth remembering, don't add it in your bookmarks. If you need it later, just browse your
history files. It works with: Netscape Navigator, Arena, and Amaya. Support for `browser−history'
can easily be added to other browsers, provided you can program and have the browser sources. A
manual page and simple documentation will be installed in
/usr/share/doc/browser−history/browser−history.html, along with a simple CGI interface to grep the
history log and display the result. The optional CGI program requires `cgiwrap' or Apache configured
with `suexec'. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRS
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341
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Big Red Switch From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BRTB
Berlin Regional TestBed (WIN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Brutalware
Brutalware fits on two floppy disks with TCP/IP networking (currently only bootp−based) and one
supplementary floppy with tons of hacking utilities. Great distribution for use in school labs and
Internet cafes. Brutalware Linux 1.1 is a libc5 based 2.0.36 Linux distribution. A floppy−based
distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
brute force
adj. Describes a primitive programming style, one in which the programmer relies on the computer's
processing power instead of using his or her own intelligence to simplify the problem, often ignoring
problems of scale and applying naive methods suited to small problems directly to large ones. The
term can also be used in reference to programming style: brute−force programs are written in a
heavyhanded, tedious way, full of repetition and devoid of any elegance or useful abstraction (see also
brute force and ignorance). The canonical example of a brute−force algorithm is associated with the
`traveling salesman problem' (TSP), a classical NP−hard problem: Suppose a person is in, say,
Boston, and wishes to drive to N other cities. In what order should the cities be visited in order to
minimize the distance travelled? The brute−force method is to simply generate all possible routes and
compare the distances; while guaranteed to work and simple to implement, this algorithm is clearly
very stupid in that it considers even obviously absurd routes (like going from Boston to Houston via
San Francisco and New York, in that order). For very small N it works well, but it rapidly becomes
absurdly inefficient when N increases (for N = 15, there are already 1,307,674,368,000 possible
routes to consider, and for N = 1000 −− well, see bignum). Sometimes, unfortunately, there is no
better general solution than brute force. See also NP−. A more simple−minded example of
brute−force programming is finding the smallest number in a large list by first using an existing
program to sort the list in ascending order, and then picking the first number off the front. Whether
brute−force programming should actually be considered stupid or not depends on the context; if the
problem is not terribly big, the extra CPU time spent on a brute−force solution may cost less than the
programmer time it would take to develop a more `intelligent' algorithm. Additionally, a more
intelligent algorithm may imply more long−term complexity cost and bug−chasing than are justified
by the speed improvement. Ken Thompson, co−inventor of Unix, is reported to have uttered the
epigram "When in doubt, use brute force". He probably intended this as a ha ha only serious, but the
original Unix kernel's preference for simple, robust, and portable algorithms over brittle `smart' ones
does seem to have been a significant factor in the success of that OS. Like so many other tradeoffs in
software design, the choice between brute force and complex, finely−tuned cleverness is often a
difficult one that requires both engineering savvy and delicate esthetic judgment. From Jargon
Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BS
BackSpace From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BS
BackSpace one record (IBM, VM/ESA, CP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BS
Banded Signaling From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BS
Base Station (LA, GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BS
BetriebsSystem From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
B
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Linux Dictionary
BS2000
BetriebsSystem 2000 (SNI, OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSA
Backbone Service Area From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSA
Business Software Alliance (org., manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSAM
Basic Sequential Access Method (IBM, MVS, SAM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSC
Balanced ScoreCard From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSC
Base Station Controller (BS, BTS, GSM, GPRS, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSC
Binary Synchronous Coded From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSC
Binary Synchronous Communications [protocol] (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSCM
Binary Synchronous Communications Module From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSD
Berkeley System / Software Distribution (manufacturer, Unix, OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution)
A version of the UNIX operating system that was developed and formerly maintained by the
University of California, Berkeley. BSD helped to establish the Internet in colleges and universities
because the distributed software included TCP/IP. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) UNIX
UNIX distribution from University of California at Berkeley. (Also, see FreeBSD.) From I−gloss
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsd−ftpd
Port of the OpenBSD FTP server This is a GNU/Linux port of the FTP server from OpenBSD.
Consequently, it is believed to be quite secure. Other interesting features are support for IPv6 and an
internal ls. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsdgames
collection of text games from BSD systems This is a collection of some of the text−based games and
amusements that have been enjoyed for decades on unix systems. Includes these programs: adventure,
arithmetic, atc, backgammon, battlestar, bcd, boggle, caesar, canfield, countmail, cribbage, fish,
gomoku, hangman, hunt, mille, monop, morse, number, pig, phantasia, pom, ppt, primes, quiz,
random, rain, robots, sail, snake, tetris, trek, wargames, worm, worms, wump, wtf From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSDI
Berkeley Software Design Incorporated (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSDL
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Berkeley/San Diego License From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsdmainutils
More utilities from FreeBSD. This package contains lots of small programs many people expect to
find when they use a BSD−style Unix system. Included are: banner, ncal, cal, calendar, col, colcrt,
colrm, column, from, hexdump, look, lorder, ul, write. This package used to contain whois and
vacation, which are now distributed in their own packages. Also here was tsort, which is now in the
"textutils" package, version 2.0−1 and later. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsdutils
Basic utilities from 4.4BSD−Lite. This package contains the bare minimum number of BSD utilities
needed to boot a Debian system. You should probably also install bsdmainutils to get the remaining
standard BSD utilities. Included are: logger, renice, replay, script, wall From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsh
A Java scripting environment. BeanShell is a small, free, embeddable, Java source interpreter with
object scripting language features, written in Java. BeanShell executes standard Java statements and
expressions, in addition to obvious scripting commands and syntax. BeanShell supports scripted
objects as simple method closures like those in Perl and JavaScript(tm). You can use BeanShell
interactively for Java experimentation and debugging or as a simple scripting engine for you
applications. In short: BeanShell is a dynamically interpreted Java, plus some useful stuff. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSI
Bentley Systems, Incorporated (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSI
British Standards Institute (org., UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSI
Bundesamt fuer Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik Org., Germany From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSIC
Base Station Identification Code (BS, BCCH, GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsign
Corruption & intrusion detection using embedded hashes This package embeds secure hashes (SHA1)
and digital signatures (GNU Privacy Guard) into files for verification and authentication. Currently,
target file types are all ELF format: executables, kernel modules, shared and static link libraries. This
program has functionality similar to tripwire and integrit without the need to maintain a database.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSMTP
Batched Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bsmtpd
Batched SMTP mailer for sendmail and postfix This package adds a new "mailer" named bsmtp to
sendmail or postfix, which allows you to use batched SMTP as protocol. BSMTP is used in UUCP
environments and allows to transport many mails as a (compressed) batch instead of transporting
every single mail. So bsmtp is an alternative to rmail. Special features of this bsmtp package: −
Completely written in C. − Configurable batch size (automatically sends batch to uux when a defined
size is reached). − Creates backups of all outgoing batches (and removes them regularly) − Works
with sendmail and postfix. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
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http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSP
BetriebsSystemProzessor (Windows NT, SMP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSP
Binary Space Partioning [tree] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSR
BootStrap Router (PIM, RP, Multicast) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Base Station System / Subsystem (GPRS, BSC, BTS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Basic Service Set (WLAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Basic Synchronized Subset From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Block Started by Symbol (IBM, assembler, Unix) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Block Storage Segment From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSS
Broadband Switching System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSSMAP
Base Station System Management Application Part (RR, BS, MTP, GSM, mobile−systems) From
VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BST
Bering Strait Time [−1100] (TZ) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BST
Brazil Standard Time [−0300] (TZ) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BST
British Summer Time [+0100] (TZ, UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BSVC
Broadcast Switched Virtual Connections (ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BT
Baghdad Time [+0200] (TZ) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BT
Bering Time [−1100] (TZ) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BT
BlueTooth From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BT
British Telecom (org.) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BT
Burst Tolerance From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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BT
Bus Terminator From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTAM
Basic Tape Access Method (BS2000) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTAM
Basic Telecommunications Access Method (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTB
Branch Target Buffer (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTC
Biting The Carpet (slang, Usenet) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTDT
Been There, Done That (slang, Linux, Kernel) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTE
Broadband Terminal Equipment (B−ISDN), "B−TE" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTL
Bell Telephone Laboratories From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTLB
Block Translation Look−aside Buffer (CPU) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTM
Batch Time−sharing Monitor (OS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTM
Benchmark Timing Methodology (PLB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTOA
Binary TO ASCII (ASCII) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTRON
Business TRON (TRON) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTS
Base Transceiver Station entities (BCF, BS, GSM, GPRS, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTS
Bug Tracking System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTU
Basic Transmission Unit (IBM, SNA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTW
By The Way (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTX
BildschirmTeXt (network, Datex−J, Telekom), "Btx" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BTXVST
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BildschirmTeXt−VermittlungsSTelle (BTX), "Btx−VSt" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
btyacc
Backtracking parser generator based on byacc btyacc is a hacked version of the original Berkeley
"byacc". The main change to byacc is the addition of backtracking code, allowing you to try both
alternatives in case of shift−reduce or reduce−reduce conflicts. As long as no backtracking takes
place, speed is comparable to bison. Additional features: − enhanced support for storing of text
position information for tokens − closes the potential *yacc/bison memory leak during error recovery
− preprocessor directives like %ifdef, %include − C++ friendly Related packages: bison, byacc, antlr
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BU Linux
Created at/for Boston University, BU Linux is based on Red Hat Linux, but specifically tailored for
the BU environment. They have added security updates, made modifications to make software work
better with their setup, and added some applications. BU Linux 2.5 (a.k.a Gigantic) was released
August 27, 2002. BU Linux 3.0 (Doolittle) was released May 7, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bubblemon
Bubbling Load Monitoring Gnome Applet A GNOME panel applet that displays the CPU + memory
load as a bubbling liquid. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bucky bits
/buh'kee bits/ n. 1. obs. The bits produced by the CONTROL and META shift keys on a SAIL
keyboard (octal 200 and 400 respectively), resulting in a 9−bit keyboard character set. The MIT AI
TV (Knight) keyboards extended this with TOP and separate left and right CONTROL and META
keys, resulting in a 12−bit character set; later, LISP Machines added such keys as SUPER, HYPER,
and GREEK (see space−cadet keyboard). 2. By extension, bits associated with `extra' shift keys on
any keyboard, e.g., the ALT on an IBM PC or command and option keys on a Macintosh. It has long
been rumored that `bucky bits' were named for Buckminster Fuller during a period when he was
consulting at Stanford. Actually, bucky bits were invented by Niklaus Wirth when he was at Stanford
in 1964−65; he first suggested the idea of an EDIT key to set the 8th bit of an otherwise 7−bit ASCII
character). It seems that, unknown to Wirth, certain Stanford hackers had privately nicknamed him
`Bucky' after a prominent portion of his dental anatomy, and this nickname transferred to the bit.
Bucky−bit commands were used in a number of editors written at Stanford, including most notably
TV−EDIT and NLS. The term spread to MIT and CMU early and is now in general use. Ironically,
Wirth himself remained unaware of its derivation for nearly 30 years, until GLS dug up this history in
early 1993! See double bucky, quadruple bucky. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buffer
A temporary storage space which holds data for future processing. The data may be stored on a hard
disk, in RAM or on specialised chips such as UARTs. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buffer
Buffering/reblocking program for tape backups, printing, etc. Buffer implements double buffering and
can be used to keep backup tapes streaming or printers printing. It can also be used to convert a data
stream to a given output blocksize. Buffer uses shared memory to convert a variable input data rate to
a constant output data rate. It is typically used in a pipe between a backup program and the tape
device, but there are also other applications like buffering printer data in lpd's input filter. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buffer overflow
Common coding style is to never allocate large enough buffers, and to not check for overflows. When
such buffers overflow, the executing program (daemon or set−uid program) can be tricked in doing
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some other things. Generally this works by overwriting a function's return address on the stack to
point to another location. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buffer overflow
n. What happens when you try to stuff more data into a buffer (holding area) than it can handle. This
problem is commonly exploited by crackers to get arbitrary commands executed by a program
running with root permissions. This may be due to a mismatch in the processing rates of the
producing and consuming processes (see overrun and firehose syndrome), or because the buffer is
simply too small to hold all the data that must accumulate before a piece of it can be processed. For
example, in a text−processing tool that crunches a line at a time, a short line buffer can result in
lossage as input from a long line overflows the buffer and trashes data beyond it. Good defensive
programming would check for overflow on each character and stop accepting data when the buffer is
full up. The term is used of and by humans in a metaphorical sense. "What time did I agree to meet
you? My buffer must have overflowed." Or "If I answer that phone my buffer is going to overflow."
See also spam, overrun screw. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buffer overflow (buffer overrun, input overflow, unchecked buffer overflow) . . . . .
Username: This form limits input to 10 characters; the browser won't let you type more than that
because the form was programmed with a maxlength=10 parameter. However, when this form is
submitted, it will actually be sent as a URL that looks something like
http://www.robertgraham.com/pubs/test.html?username=robert. Lazy programmers know that
browsers will never submit more than 10 characters, and write code that will break if the user submits
more. As a hacker, you could simply go to the top of your screen and edit the URL to look something
like
http://www.robertgraham.com/pubs/test.html?username=robertxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
This may crash the target system or allow you to bypass password checks. A classic attack that inputs
too much data. The excess data "overflows" into other areas of memory, frequently allowing an attack
into insert executable code along with the input. This allows the atacker to break into the computer.
Buffer overflows are one of the most common programming errors, and the ones most likely to slip
through quality assurance testing. They are therefore one of the most common ways of breaking into
computers. Analogy: Consider two popular bathroom sink designs. One design is a simple sink with a
single drain. The other design includes a backup drain near the top of the sink. The first design is easy
and often looks better, but suffers from the problem that if the drain is plugged and the water is left
running, the sink will overflow all over the bathroom. The second design prevents the sink from
overflowing, as the water level can never get past the top drain. Example: Programmers often forget
to validate input. They (rightly) believe that a legal username is less than 32 characters long, and
(wrongly) reserve more than enough memory for it, typically 200 characters. The assume that nobody
will enter in a name longer than 200 characters, and don't verify this. Malicious hackers exploit this
condition by purposely entering in user names a 1000 characters long. Key point: This is a classic
programming bug that afflicts almost all systems. The average system on the Internet is vulnerable to
a well known buffer overflow attack. Many Windows NT servers have IIS services vulnerable to a
buffer overflow in ".htr" handler, many Solaris servers have vulnerable RPC services like cmsd,
ToolTalk, and statd; many Linux boxes have vulnerable IMAP4, POP3, or FTP services. Key point:
Programs written in C are most vulnerable, C++ is somewhat less vulnerable. Programs written in
scripting level languages like VisualBasic and Java are generally not vulnerable. The reason is that C
requires the programmer to check buffer lengths, but scripting languages generally make these checks
whether the programmer wants them or not. Key point: Buffer overflows are usually a
Denial−of−Service in that they will crash/hang a service/system. The most interesting ones, however,
can cause the system to execute code provided by the hacker as part of the exploit. Defenses: There
are a number of ways to avoid buffer−overflows in code: Use programming languages like Java that
bounds−check arrays for you. Run code through special compilers that bounds−check for you. Audit
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code manually Audit code automatically Key point: The NOOP (no operation) machine language
instruction for x86 CPUs is 0x90. Buffer overflows often have long strings of these characters when
attacking x86 computers (Windows, Linux). Key point: In a successful buffer overflow exploit,
hackers force the system to run their own code. Since most network services run as "root" or
"administrator", the exploit would give complete control over the machine. For this reason, more and
more services are being configured to run with lower privileges. See also: stack frame From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bug
A bug is a flaw in design, coding or manufacture of software which causes all −− or some portion −−
of a program to not perform as expected. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bug
A progamming error that casuses to a program or a computer system to perform erratically, produce
incorrect results, or crash. The term bug was coined when a real insect was discovered to have fouled
up one of the circuits of the first electronic digital computer, the ENIAC. A hardware problem is
called a glitch. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bug
Bug Reporting Tool interfacing with the Bug Tracking System A script to ease the reporting of bugs.
Automatically figures out version numbers of the package reported and all depending packages. Adds
config files etc to the bug report. A script for easily accessing the bug database in the WWW is also
included. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bug
n. An unwanted and unintended property of a program or piece of hardware, esp. one that causes it to
malfunction. Antonym of feature. Examples: "There's a bug in the editor: it writes things out
backwards." "The system crashed because of a hardware bug." "Fred is a winner, but he has a few
bugs" (i.e., Fred is a good guy, but he has a few personality problems). Historical note: Admiral Grace
Hopper (an early computing pioneer better known for inventing COBOL) liked to tell a story in which
a technician solved a glitch in the Harvard Mark II machine by pulling an actual insect out from
between the contacts of one of its relays, and she subsequently promulgated bug in its hackish sense
as a joke about the incident (though, as she was careful to admit, she was not there when it happened).
For many years the logbook associated with the incident and the actual bug in question (a moth) sat in
a display case at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC). The entire story, with a picture of the
logbook and the moth taped into it, is recorded in the "Annals of the History of Computing", Vol. 3,
No. 3 (July 1981), pp. 285−286. The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads "1545
Relay #70 Panel F (moth) in relay. First actual case of bug being found". This wording establishes
that the term was already in use at the time in its current specific sense −− and Hopper herself reports
that the term `bug' was regularly applied to problems in radar electronics during WWII. Indeed, the
use of `bug' to mean an industrial defect was already established in Thomas Edison's time, and a more
specific and rather modern use can be found in an electrical handbook from 1896 ("Hawkin's New
Catechism of Electricity", Theo. Audel & Co.) which says: "The term `bug' is used to a limited extent
to designate any fault or trouble in the connections or working of electric apparatus." It further notes
that the term is "said to have originated in quadruplex telegraphy and have been transferred to all
electric apparatus." The latter observation may explain a common folk etymology of the term; that it
came from telephone company usage, in which "bugs in a telephone cable" were blamed for noisy
lines. Though this derivation seems to be mistaken, it may well be a distorted memory of a joke first
current among telegraph operators more than a century ago! Or perhaps not a joke. Historians of the
field inform us that the term "bug" was regularly used in the early days of telegraphy to refer to a
variety of semi−automatic telegraphy keyers that would send a string of dots if you held them down.
In fact, the Vibroplex keyers (which were among the most common of this type) even had a graphic
of a beetle on them (and still do)! While the ability to send repeated dots automatically was very
useful for professional morse code operators, these were also significantly trickier to use than the
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older manual keyers, and it could take some practice to ensure one didn't introduce extraneous dots
into the code by holding the key down a fraction too long. In the hands of an inexperienced operator,
a Vibroplex "bug" on the line could mean that a lot of garbled Morse would soon be coming your
way. Further, the term "bug" has long been used among radio technicians to describe a device that
converts electromagnetic field variations into acoustic signals. It is used to trace radio interference
and look for dangerous radio emissions. Radio community usage derives from the roach−like shape of
the first versions used by 19th century physicists. The first versions consisted of a coil of wire (roach
body), with the two wire ends sticking out and bent back to nearly touch forming a spark gap (roach
antennae). The bug is to the radio technician what the stethoscope is to the stereotype medical doctor.
This sense is almost certainly ancestral to modern use of "bug" for a covert monitoring device, but
may also have contributed to the use of "bug" for the effects of radio interference itself. Actually, use
of `bug' in the general sense of a disruptive event goes back to Shakespeare! (Henry VI, part III − Act
V, Scene II: King Edward: "So, lie thou there. Die thou; and die our fear; For Warwick was a bug that
fear'd us all.") In the first edition of Samuel Johnson's dictionary one meaning of `bug' is "A frightful
object; a walking spectre"; this is traced to `bugbear', a Welsh term for a variety of mythological
monster which (to complete the circle) has recently been reintroduced into the popular lexicon
through fantasy role−playing games. In any case, in jargon the word almost never refers to insects.
Here is a plausible conversation that never actually happened: "There is a bug in this ant farm!"
"What do you mean? I don't see any ants in it." "That's the bug." A careful discussion of the
etymological issues can be found in a paper by Fred R. Shapiro, 1987, "Entomology of the Computer
Bug: History and Folklore", American Speech 62(4):376−378. [There has been a widespread myth
that the original bug was moved to the Smithsonian, and an earlier version of this entry so asserted. A
correspondent who thought to check discovered that the bug was not there. While investigating this in
late 1990, your editor discovered that the NSWC still had the bug, but had unsuccessfully tried to get
the Smithsonian to accept it −− and that the present curator of their History of American Technology
Museum didn't know this and agreed that it would make a worthwhile exhibit. It was moved to the
Smithsonian in mid−1991, but due to space and money constraints was not actually exhibited for
years afterwards. Thus, the process of investigating the original−computer−bug bug fixed it in an
entirely unexpected way, by making the myth true! −−ESR] From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bug
The word "bug" describes some sort of programming mistake. Common programming mistakes
related to security are: buffer−overflows, format−string bugs, race conditions. From
Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bug−buddy
A graphical bug reporting tool for GNOME The goal of bug−buddy is to make reporting bugs very
simple and easy for the user, while making the reports themselves more useful and informative for the
developer. It can extract debugging information from a core file or crashed application (via
gnome_segv). It currently supports the bug tracking systems of Gnome, Helix, KDE, and Debian.
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BUGS file
List of errata. From Rute−Users−Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bugsquish
Bugs are trying to suck blood out of your arm! "Bug Squish" is an action game not unlike light gun
arcade games, but played with a mouse. It's loosely based on a MacOS game whose name I can't
recall. Bugs are trying to suck blood out of your arm! Squish them with with your fly swatter before
you run out of blood. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bugsx
evolve biomorphs using genetic algorithms buugsx is a program which draws biomorphs based on
parametric plots of Fourier sine and cosine series and let's you play with them using genetic
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algorithms. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BUGTRAQ
One of the most important sources of information in the security community. BUGTRAQ has become
the quasi−official place to publish vulnerability and exploit information. Controversy: A debate over
"full−disclosure" surrounds BUGTRAQ. On one side is a community of people that believe full and
open disclosure of vulnerabilities and exploits is necessary to promote the developement of
protections against hacking. On the other side is a community of people that believe total disclosure,
including script−kiddy ready exploits, is harmful. From Hacking−Lexicon
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bugzilla
Mozilla bug tracking system Bugzilla is a web−based tool that lets you: * report bugs * assign bugs to
the appropriate developers * prioritize bugs * set bug dependencies * arrange bugs by product and
component With these features, you can also use Bugzilla as a to−do list manager. Bugzilla is a web
application that lets users report and look up existing bugs. Changes made to a bug's status are
automatically sent to users concerned with it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BUI
Bus Interface Unit (DEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buici−clock
attractive desktop clock As clocks go, Buici satisfies the basic need of representing the time
accurately and attractively. I wrote it when I began to use X as my primary desktop environment and
wanted to have a decent looking clock on my desktop. I loathe digital clocks. This release has limited
configurability. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
build−essential
Informational list of build−essential packages If you do not plan to build Debian packages, you don't
need this package. Moreover this package is not required for building Debian packages. This package
contains an informational list of packages which are considered essential for building Debian
packages. This package also depends on the packages on that list, to make it easy to have the
build−essential packages installed. If you have this package installed, you only need to install
whatever a package specifies as its build−time dependencies to build the package. Conversely, if you
are determining what your package needs to build−depend on, you can always leave out the packages
this package depends on. This package is NOT the definition of what packages are build−essential;
the real definition is in the Debian Policy Manual. This package contains merely an informational list,
which is all most people need. However, if this package and the manual disagree, the manual is
correct. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buildhash
Interactive spelling checking From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bulletproof
Capable, because of high fault tolerance, of resisting external interferance and recovering from
situations that would crash other programs. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bumprace
1 or 2 players race through a multi−level maze. In BumpRacer, 1 player or 2 players (team or
competitive) choose among 4 vehicles and race through a multi−level maze. The players must acquire
bonuses and avoid traps and enemy fire in a race against the clock. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bunzip2
a block−sorting file compressor, v1.0.2 From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
burgerspace
B
351
Linux Dictionary
Avoid evil foodstuffs and make burgers. This is a clone of the classic game "BurgerTime". In it, you
play the part of a chef who must create burgers by stepping repeatedly on the ingredients until they
fall into place. And to make things more complicated, you also must avoid evil animate food items
while performing this task, with nothing but your trusty pepper shaker to protect you. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bus
An internal communication network in a computer system. A typical system includes an address bus,
a data bus, and a control bus. The width of the address bus determines the amount of memory that can
be addressed by the system. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bus
An internal electrical pathway along which signals are sent from one part of the computer to another.
Personal computers have a processor bus design with three pathways. The data bus sends data back
and forth between the memory and the microprocessor divided into an external data bus and an
internal data bus. The addrss bus identifies which memory location will come into play. The control
bus carries the control unit's signals. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BUS
Broadcast and Unknown Server (ATM, LANE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bus
Conductors that connect the functional units in a computer (called a bus because it travels to all
destinations). Local busses connect elements within the CPU and other busses connect to external
memory and peripherals. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bus Master DMA
A technology for increasing the speed of hard disk data transfers which requires support from the
motherboard and the BIOS, and at least some support from the drive. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
busybox
Tiny utilities for small and embedded systems. BusyBox combines tiny versions of many common
UNIX utilities into a single small executable. It provides minimalist replacements for the most
common utilities you would usually find on your desktop system (i.e., ls, cp, mv, mount, tar, etc.).
The utilities in BusyBox generally have fewer options than their full−featured GNU cousins;
however, the options that are included provide the expected functionality and behave very much like
their GNU counterparts. This package installs the BusyBox binary but does not install symlinks for
any of the supported utilities. You can use /bin/busybox −−install to install BusyBox to the current
directory (you do not want to do this in / on your Debian system!). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
buthead
copy all but the first few lines Copy all but the first N lines of standard input to standard output. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BV
BildVerarbeitung From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BVB
BundesVerband fuer Buero− und informationssysteme [e.v.] (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BVCP
[PPP] Banyan VINES Control Protocol (RFC 1763, Banyan, VINES, PPP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bvi
B
352
Linux Dictionary
A binary file editor The bvi is a display−oriented editor for binary files, based on the vi text editor. If
you are familiar with vi, just start the editor and begin to edit! If you never heard about vi, maybe bvi
is not the best choice for you. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BVIT
BundesVerband InformationsTechnologien [e.v.] (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BW
Business Warehouse (DWH) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bwbar
Generates text and graphical readout of current bandwidth use. This program will output a PNG and a
text file that can be used in scripts or be included in web pages to show current bandwidth usage. The
amount of total bandwidth can be customized. The PNG output appears as a bar graph showing
maximum possible usage with the current inbound or outbound usage shown as a differently colored
bar. An example of this can be seen at http://www.kernel.org/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bwbasic
Bywater BASIC Interpreter The Bywater BASIC Interpreter (bwBASIC) implements a large superset
of the ANSI Standard for Minimal BASIC (X3.60−1978) and a significant subset of the ANSI
Standard for Full BASIC (X3.113−1987) in C. It also offers shell programming facilities as an
extension of BASIC. bwBASIC seeks to be as portable as possible. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BWBM
Bandwidth Balancing Mechanism (DQDB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BWCC
Borland Windows Custom Controls (Borland, DLL) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bwidget
A set of extension widgets for Tcl/Tk The BWidget toolkit is a high−level widget set for Tcl/Tk. It
contains widgets such as progress bars, 3D separators, various manager widgets for toplevels, frames,
paned or scrolled windows, button boxes, notebooks or dialogs as well as composite widgets such as
comboboxes, spin boxes and tree widgets. The BWidget toolkit is completely written in Tcl so no
compiled extension library is required. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bwm
BandWidth Monitor This is a very tiny bandwidth monitor (not X11). Can monitor up to 16 interfaces
in the in the same time, and shows totals too. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bximage
Disk Image Creation Tool for Bochs This tool is part of the Bochs project. Its purpose is to generate
disk images that are used to allocate the guest operating system in Bochs environment. It can be
useful for other programs that also make use of disk images, like Plex86. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byacc
Byacc (Berkeley Yacc) is a public domain LALR parser generator which is used by many programs
during their build process. From Redhat 8.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byacc
B
353
Linux Dictionary
The Berkeley LALR parser generator Yacc reads the grammar specification in a file and generates an
LR(1) parser for it. The parsers consist of a set of LALR(1) parsing tables and a driver routine written
in the C programming language. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BYLD
Build Your Linux Disk (BYLD) is a little package that helps you to build a Linux distribution on a
single floppy disk to use as you want. Build a net client, rescue disk or other small application. A
floppy−based distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BYO Linux
BYO Linux (aka Build Your Own Linux OR DiyLinux to some) allows Linux enthusiasts to construct
their own 100% pure Linux distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byte
/bi:t/ n. [techspeak] A unit of memory or data equal to the amount used to represent one character; on
modern architectures this is usually 8 bits, but may be 9 on 36−bit machines. Some older architectures
used `byte' for quantities of 6 or 7 bits, and the PDP−10 supported `bytes' that were actually bitfields
of 1 to 36 bits! These usages are now obsolete, and even 9−bit bytes have become rare in the general
trend toward power−of−2 word sizes. Historical note: The term was coined by Werner Buchholz in
1956 during the early design phase for the IBM Stretch computer; originally it was described as 1 to 6
bits (typical I/O equipment of the period used 6−bit chunks of information). The move to an 8−bit
byte happened in late 1956, and this size was later adopted and promulgated as a standard by the
System/360. The word was coined by mutating the word `bite' so it would not be accidentally
misspelled as bit. See also nybble. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Byte
A set of Bits that represent a single character. Usually there are 8 Bits in a Byte, sometimes more,
depending on how the measurement is being made. From Matisse
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Byte
A single computer character, generally eight bits. For example, the letter "G" in binary code is
01000111. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byte
Eight bits in a row. That is a series of eight pieces of information, each of which can be either 1 or 0.
From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byte
The amount of memory space used to store one character; generally 8 bits. From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
byte ordering
This refers to the order in which bytes that are ordered in memory as n,n+1,... are ordered when a
computer considers multiple bytes as one integer. Big−endian computers use bytes with lower
addresses for the bits with higher powers of two. PowerPC, m68k, HP−PA−RISC, IBM−370,
PDP−10, most other computers use this. Little−endian computers use the opposite convention. i86,
PDP−11, VAX, uses this. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzcat
decompresses files to stdout From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzcmp
B
354
Linux Dictionary
compare bzip2 compressed files From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzdiff
compare bzip2 compressed files From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzegrep
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzfgrep
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzflag
a 3D first person tank battle game BZFlag is a 3D multi−player tank battle game that allows users to
play against each other in a networked environ− ment. There are five teams: red, green, blue, purple
and rogue (rogue tanks are black). Destroying a player on another team scores a win, while being
destroyed or destroying a teammate scores a loss. Rogues have no team− mates (not even other
rogues), so they cannot shoot team− mates and they do not have a team score. There are two main
styles of play: capture−the−flag and free−for−all. In capture−the−flag, each team (except rogues) has
a team base and each team with at least one player has a team flag. The object is to capture an enemy
team's flag by bringing it to your team's base. This destroys every player on the captured team,
subtracts one from that team's score, and adds one to your team's score. In free−for−all, there are no
team flags or team bases. The object is simply to get as high a score as possible. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzgrep
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzip2
A high−quality block−sorting file compressor − utilities bzip2 is a freely available, patent free,
high−quality data compressor. It typically compresses files to within 10% to 15% of the best available
techniques, whilst being around twice as fast at compression and six times faster at decompression.
bzip2 compresses files using the Burrows−Wheeler block−sorting text compression algorithm, and
Huffman coding. Compression is generally considerably better than that achieved by more
conventional LZ77/LZ78−based compressors, and approaches the performance of the PPM family of
statistical compressors. The archive file format of bzip2 (.bz2) is incompatible with that of its
predecessor, bzip (.bz). From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzip2
Bzip2 compresses files using the Burrows−Wheeler block−sorting text compression algorithm, and
Huffman coding. Compression is generally considerably better than that achieved by more
conventional LZ77/LZ78−based compressors, and approaches the performance of the PPM family of
statistical compressors.The command−line options are deliberately very similar to those of GNU
Gzip, but they are not identical. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzip2
Bzip2 is a freely available, patent−free, high−quality data compressor that uses the same command
line flags as gzip. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Bzip2
is a relatively new algorithm for compressing data. It generally achieves files that are 60−70% of the
size of their gzipped counterparts. From Bzip2 mini−HOWTO
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzip2recover
B
355
Linux Dictionary
recovers data from damaged bzip2 files From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzless
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
bzmore
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BZR
BefehlsZaehlRegister (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BZR
Bit Zone Recording (ROD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BZR
BundesZentralRegister (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
BZT
Bundesamt fuer Zulassungen in der Telekommunikation (org., Telekom) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
B
356
C
C
a programming language designed by Dennis Ritchie during the early 1970s and immediately used to
reimplement Unix; so called because many features derived from an earlier compiler named `B' in
commemoration of its parent, BCPL. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C
n. 1. The third letter of the English alphabet. 2. ASCII 1000011. 3. The name of a programming
language designed by Dennis Ritchie during the early 1970s and immediately used to reimplement
Unix; so called because many features derived from an earlier compiler named `B' in commemoration
of its parent, BCPL. (BCPL was in turn descended from an earlier Algol−derived language, CPL.)
Before Bjarne Stroustrup settled the question by designing C++, there was a humorous debate over
whether C's successor should be named `D' or `P'. C became immensely popular outside Bell Labs
after about 1980 and is now the dominant language in systems and microcomputer applications
programming. See also languages of choice, indent style. C is often described, with a mixture of
fondness and disdain varying according to the speaker, as "a language that combines all the elegance
and power of assembly language with all the readability and maintainability of assembly language".
From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C programming language
Point: The language is quirky, difficult for beginners to learn, and really just an accident of history.
Despite this, one must grok the language in order to become an elite hacker. Key point: The large
number of buffer overflow exploits is directly related to poor way that C protects programmers from
doing the wrong thing. On the other hand, these lack of protections leads directly to its high speed.
From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C Shell
A Linux shell written to look sort of like the C programming language. It prompts you with %. Its
program name is csh. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C++
/C'−pluhs−pluhs/ n. Designed by Bjarne Stroustrup of AT&T Bell Labs as a successor to C. Now one
of the languages of choice, although many hackers still grumble that it is the successor to either Algol
68 or Ada (depending on generation), and a prime example of second−system effect. Almost anything
that can be done in any language can be done in C++, but it requires a language lawyer to know what
is and what is not legal−− the design is almost too large to hold in even hackers' heads. Much of the
cruft results from C++'s attempt to be backward compatible with C. Stroustrup himself has said in his
retrospective book "The Design and Evolution of C++" (p. 207), "Within C++, there is a much
smaller and cleaner language struggling to get out." [Many hackers would now add "Yes, and it's
called Java" −−ESR] From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c++
GNU project C++ Compiler From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c++filt
Demangle *(C+ and Java symbols. From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c−sig
A signature tool for GNU Emacs C−sig is a signature insertion tool for GNU Emacs. Features in
c−sig include: − registering signatures interactively − learning facility − expanding signatures
dynamically − modifying signatures through elisp functions From Debian 3.0r0 APT
C
357
Linux Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C128
Commodore 128 [computer] (Commodore) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2050
Lexmark 2050 Color Jetprinter Linux Driver Filter to convert a Postscript file to Lexmark 2050
format. This driver allow you to print at 300dpi in color on A4 paper. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2hs
C−>Haskell Interface Generator C−>Haskell is an interface generator that simplifies the development
of Haskell bindings to C libraries. The tool processes existing C header files that determine data
layout and function signatures on the C side in conjunction with Haskell modules that specify
Haskell−side type signatures and marshaling details. Hooks embedded in the Haskell code signal
access to C structures and functions −− they are expanded by the interfacing tool in dependence on
information from the corresponding C header file. Haskell 98 is "the" standard lazy functional
programming language. More info plus the language definition is at http://www.haskell.org/. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2html
Highlight C sources for WWW presentation c2html can highlight your source for presentation in the
WWW. It can also be used as a CGI script and can detect whether the client browser supports
compressed data to save bandwidth. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C2IS
Command and Control Information Systems (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2man
generate manual pages from C source code From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2man
Graham Stoney's mechanized man page generator C2man is an automatic documentation tool that
extracts comments from C source code to generate functional interface documentation in the same
format as sections 2 & 3 of the Unix Programmer's Manual. It requires minimal effort from the
programmer by looking for comments in the usual places near the objects they document, rather than
imposing a rigid function−comment syntax or requiring that the programmer learn and use a
typesetting language. Acceptable documentation can often be generated from existing code with no
modifications. conformance: supports both K&R and ISO/ANSI C coding styles Features: * generates
output in nroff −man, TeXinfo, LaTeX or HTML format * handles comments as part of the language
grammar * automagically documents enum parameter & return values * handles C (/* */) and C++ (//)
style comments Problems: * doesn't handle C++ grammar (yet) * doxygen does this job better From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c2ph
Dump C structures as generated from *(C`cc −g −S*(C' stabs From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C3I
Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C3IIS
Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Information Systems (mil., USA), "C3I/IS"
From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C4
C
358
Linux Dictionary
Command, Control, Communications and Computers (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C4I
Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
C64
Commodore 64 [computer] (Commodore) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
c89
ANSI (1989) C compiler From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CA
Cell Arrival (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CA
Certification Authority (cryptography) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CA
Computer Animation From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CA
Computer Associates (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ca−certificates
Common CA Certificates PEM files It includes the followings PEM files of CA certificates * Mozilla
builtin CA certificates * db.debian.org certificate This is useful for any openssl applications to verify
SSL connection. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAAD
Computer Aided Architectural Design From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cabextract
a program to extract Microsoft Cabinet files Cabextract is a program which unpacks cabinet (.cab)
files, which are a form of archive Microsoft uses to distribute their software and things like Windows
Font Packs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CABS
Carrier Access Billing System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CABS
Computer Aided Business Simulation From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAC
Channel Access Code (Bluetooth) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAC
Computer Aided Crime From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAC
Connection Admission Control (UNI, ATM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CACEAS
Computer−Assisted Circuit Engineering and Allocating System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cache
C
359
Linux Dictionary
A small fast memory holding recently accessed data, designed to speed up subsequent access to the
same data. Most often applied to processor−memory access but also used for a local copy of data
accessible over a network etc. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Cache
A storage area that keeps frequently accessed data or program instructions readily available so that
you don't have to retrieve them repeatedly from slow storage. Caches improve storage by storing data
or instructions in faster sections of memory and by using efficient design to increase the likelihood
that the data needed next is in the cache. From QUECID
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cache
A temporary storage area for currently−used or recently−accessed data. Cache can be system−level
(residing in dedicated cache memory on the motherboard or physically etched on the central
processing unit) or disk−based (residing in main memory such as a hard disk drive or RAM). From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cache
In general computer science, the word cache means simply to keep things around in case they are used
again. For example, when you log onto your system, your username and password are stored in a
cache in memory, because they are repeatedly used by the system every time you access a resource.
Key point: Sometimes systems can be exploited through the cache. Examples are: HTTP proxy
servers Companies use these so that thousands of users can share a single Internet connection. They
store recently used webpages so that when multiple users access the same web−site, the proxy server
only has to go across the link once in order to fetch the page for all the users. A never ending series of
bugs leads to conditions whereby when one user logs into a website, other users can see that first
user's data. Web−browser history/file cache Once a hacker breaks into a machine, he/she can view the
history cache (list of URLs) or file cache (the actual contents of the web−sites) in order to spy on
where the user has been. Embarrassing, inadvertent disclosure of this information by users with
certain surfing habits is common. Web−browser cookie cache Lots of web−sites store passwords
within cookies, so that stealing somebody's cookie information will allow a hacker to log in as that
user. From Hacking−Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cacti
Frontend to rrdtool for monitoring systems and services Cacti is a complete frondend to rrdtool, it
stores all of the necessary information to create graphs and populate them with data in a MySQL
database. The frontend is completely PHP driven. Along with being able to maintain Graphs, Data
Sources, and Round Robin Archives in a database, cacti handles the data gathering also. There is also
SNMP support for those used to creating traffic graphs with MRTG. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CACTIS
Community Automated Counter−Terrorism Intelligence System (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAD
Computer Aided Dispatch / Drafting From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAD
Computer Aided Design (CIM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cadaver
command−line client for WebDAV server Useful for WebDAV server testing and scripting. Works
like command line FTP clients. This Version supports HTTPS, including Client Site Certificates.
Briefly: WebDAV stands for "Web−based Distributed Authoring and Versioning". It is a set of
extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on
C
360
Linux Dictionary
remote web servers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CADE
Computer Aided Document Engineering (Microstar) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CADS
Computer−Assisted Display System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cadubi
Creative ASCII Drawing Utility By Ian CADUBI is an application written in Perl that allows you to
draw text−based images that are viewable on typical unix−based consoles. Usually the applications
that emulate these consoles support various text modes, such as background and foreground colors,
bold, and inverse. This text art, commonly called "ASCII art," is used in various places such as online
BBSes, email and login prompts. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAE
Client Application Enabler (IBM, DB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAE
Common Application Environment (X/Open) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAE
Computer Aided Education From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAE
Computer Aided Engineering (CIM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAEN Linux
The CAEN RedHat 6.1 (BlueHat) distribution was an effort put together by CAEN to provide a free,
downloadable release of RedHat 6.1 that would be "secure out of the box" and well configured for the
University of Michigan environment. The site seems to have been last updated in September 2000.
Distribution development is not all that active. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAI
Computer Aided Inspection (CIM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAI
Computer Aided Instruction From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAIP
Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns (conference) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAIS
Common APSE Interface Specification From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAIT
Center for the Application of Information Technology (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAIT
Central Academy of Information Technology (org., MITI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Caixa Magica
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The desktop version "Computador Magico" is available now. The server version "Servidor Magico"
will be available soon. This distribution is partialy based on Debian and SuSE, but much of it was
rewritten, and localized in Portuguese. It includes OpenOffice. Added to list July 8, 2002. Version
8.01 was released May 21, 2003. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAL
Client Access License (Lotus, MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAL
Computer Aided Logistics From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAL
Computer Assisted Learning From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cal
displays a calendar and the date of easter From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cal
Displays a simple calendar. If arguments are not specified, the current month is displayed. From
Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
calamaris
Log analyzer for Squid or Oops proxy log files Calamaris is a Perl script which generates nice
statistics out of Squid or Oops log files. It is invoked daily before the proxy rotates its log files and
mails the statistics or puts them on the web. There are quite a number of options to choose what kind
of report should be generated (domain−report, peak−report, performance−report etc.). This can be
tuned in /etc/cron.daily/calamaris An example of such a report can be found on
http://www.cord.de/tools/squid/calamaris/calamaris−2.html From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
calc
An advanced calculator and mathematical tool for Emacs This is an advanced calculator and
mathematical tool for GNU Emacs. XEmacs has calc built−in, so you only need this package if you
are using GNU Emacs. Very roughly based on the HP−28/48 series of calculators, calc's many
features include: * Choice of algebraic or RPN (stack−based) entry of calculations. * Arbitrary
precision integers and floating−point numbers. * Arithmetic on rational numbers, complex numbers
(rectangular and polar), error forms with standard deviations, open and closed intervals, vectors and
matrices, dates and times, infinities, sets, quantities with units, and algebraic formulas. *
Mathematical operations such as logarithms and trigonometric functions. * Programmer's features
(bitwise operations, non−decimal numbers). * Financial functions such as future value and internal
rate of return. * Number theoretical features such as prime factorization and arithmetic modulo M for
any M. * Algebraic manipulation features, including symbolic calculus. * Moving data to and from
regular editing buffers. * "Embedded mode" for manipulating Calc formulas and data directly inside
any editing buffer. * Graphics using GNUPLOT, a versatile (and free) plotting program. * Easy
programming using keyboard macros, algebraic formulas, algebraic rewrite rules, or extended Emacs
Lisp. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
calcoo
Scientific calculator (GTK+) Calcoo is a scientific calculator designed to provide maximum usability.
The features that make Calcoo better than (at least some) other calculator programs are: − bitmapped
button labels and display digits to improve readability − no double−function buttons − you need to
click only one button for any operation (except for arc−hyp trigonometric functions) − undo/redo
buttons − both RPN (reverse Polish notation) and algebraic modes − copy/pase interaction with X
clipboard − display tick marks to separate thousands − two memory registers with displays − displays
for Y, Z, and T registers From Debian 3.0r0 APT
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http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CALEA
Communications Assistance Law Enforcement Act (USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
calendar
reminder service From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
calife
Provides super user privileges to specific users. Calife is a lightweight alternative to Sudo. It allows
selected users to obtain a shell with the identity of root, or another user, after entering their own
password. This permits the system administrator to grant root privileges without sharing the root
password. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CALS
Computer aided Acquisition and Logistics Support From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CALS
Continuous Aquisition and Life−cycle Support From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAM
Common Access Method (SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAM
Computer Aided Manufacturing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cam
Cpu's Audio Mixer for Linux An audio mixer for Linux, based originally on aumix. Supports both
OSS/Free and OSS/Linux. The DOSEMU package provides the vga font which xcam (a script to run
cam nicely in an xterm) needs to run properly, but it will run without it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAMAC
Computer Automated Measurement And Control From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camas
A versatile WebMail system for the Caudium WebServer CAMAS is a WebMail system created for
the Caudium WebServer. It features multi−lingual interface (most European languages are already
present in the distribution), full themability of the user interface, mailbox sorting, on−line mail
notification, global and local address books, import from the Pine or Netscape address books and
much more. CAMAS is written in the Pike language. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
came
Rewrite of the xawtv webcam app using imlib2 camE is a rewrite of the xawtv webcam app using
imlib2 Features include: * Uses Imlib2 * TTF fonts * Blended transparent text * Title text * Options
in ~/.camErc * Message read from separate file (eg echo "eating my dinner" > ~/.caminfo) * Color the
text as you like * Text background any color/alpha value * scp support for uploading * And more...
From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camediaplay
Still Camera Digital Interface A downloading/controlling tool for digital cameras with Sanyo
firmware. Cameras with Sanyo firmware include all Olympus products, Epson products, Agfa
products, and of course, Sanyo digital cameras. KNOWN TO WORK WITH The following lines list
is based on Japanese product code. (US product code is in parentheses − EPSON's naming scheme is
too confusing) − Olympus "Camedia" C−400L (Olympus D−200L) − Olympus "Camedia" C−820L
(Olympus D−320L) − Olympus "Camedia" C−1000L (Olympus D−500L) − Olympus D−450Z −
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Olympus "Camedia" C−2020Z − Sanyo DSC−V1 (Sanyo VPC−G200E) − EPSON "Colorio Photo"
CP−100 (EPSON PhotoPC) − EPSON "Colorio Photo" CP−200 (EPSON PhotoPC 500) − EPSON
"Colorio Photo" CP−500 (EPSON PhotoPC 600) − Nikon CP−900 SHOULD WORK WITH Any
camera with Sanyo firmware/CPU. Olympus, Epson, Agfa and Sanyo digital cameras falls into this
category, reportedly. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Camel Book
n. Universally recognized nickname for the book "Programming Perl", by Larry Wall and Randal L.
Schwartz, O'Reilly and Associates 1991, ISBN 0−937175−64−1 (second edition 1996, ISBN
1−56592−149−6). The definitive reference on Perl. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camlidl
Stub code generator for Objective Caml CamlIDL generates stub code for interfacing Caml with C
from an IDL description of the C functions. Thus, CamlIDL automates the most tedious task in
interfacing C libraries with Caml programs. It can also be used to interface Caml programs with other
languages, as long as those languages have a well−defined C interface. This package contains the
CamlIDL executable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAMM
Computer Assisted Material Management From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camserv
stream video out onto the web Takes a video−for−linux video stream, generally from a camera, and
streams it out live to requesting clients. Works with Mozilla, Netscape Navigator, and (under protest)
Microsoft Internet Explorer. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camserv−relay
relay camserv streaming video This connects as a client to a camserv streaming video server, and then
acts as a camserv server, streaming the same data to clients. Useful when the computer doing the
streaming has insufficient CPU, I/O, or network bandwidth to stream to the required number of
clients. A tree of camserv relays can handle massive loads. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
camstream
collection of tools for webcams and other video−devices CamStream is (going to be) a collection of
tools for webcams and other video−devices, enhancing your Linux system with multimedia video. All
written in C++ and with a nice GUI frontend. The interface is based on Qt, an excellent GUI
framework. The aim of this project is build a set of programs for: * Webcamming, that is saving an
image and uploading it to a server at regular intervals; * Video conferencing; * Webcam broadcast
(including server); * Recording movie clips (AVI, Quicktime) from a webcam (and playing them
back); * Using a webcam as a security camera. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAN
Complete Area Networks (SNI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAN
Controller Area Network From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
canna
A japanese input system (server and dictionary). Canna is a Japanese input system available in Free
Software. Canna provides a unified user interface for inputing Japanese. Canna supports
Nemacs(Mule), kinput2 and canuum. All of these tools can be used by a single customization file,
romaji−to−kana conversion rules and conversion dictionaries, and input Japanese in the same way.
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Canna converts kana to kanji based on a client−server model and supports automatic kana−to−kanji
conversion. This package includes cannaserver program and dictionary files. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAO
Computer Aided Office From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAP
Carrierless Amplitude Phase [modulation] (ADSL, AT&T) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAP
Communications−electronics Accommodation Program From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAP
Component Approval Process From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAP
Computer Aided Planning (CIM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAP
Computer Aided Publishing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAPE
Computer Applications in Production and Engineering (conference, IFIP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAPI
Communication Application Program Interface (ISDN, API) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAPI
Cryptography Application Programming Interface (cryptography, API) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAPP
Computer Aided Process Planning From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cappuccino
an utility to let your boss think that you're working hard Run this software on your computer when
you are not motivated to work, and enjoy doing something different. If your boss come in your
cubicle, he'll think "Yeah, he's doing something different since his computer is really busy − He's
doing something really important". From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAPSL
CAnnon Printing System Language (Canon), "CaPSL" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
captain
Graphical front−end for command line programs (Qt version) Captain is a universal graphical
front−end (Qt) based on context−free grammars. The program kaptain reads a file containing
grammatical rules for generating text. It builds a dialog from the grammar and generates the text
according to the user's settings. There's also KDE version of this package (kaptain) if you have
already installed KDE desktop. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
captoinfo
convert a termcap description into a terminfo description From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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CAQ
Computer Aided Quality [control] From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAR
Central Access Routing (RND) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAR
Computer Aided Retrieval From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAR
Computer Assisted Radiology From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CARCAS
Computer Aided aRchiving and Change Accounting System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CARDS
Central Archive for Reusable Defense Software (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CARDVM
Card Virtual Machine (Java, Sun), "CardVM" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CARE
Computer Assistance Resource Exchange From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CARLOS
Computer Aided Real Language Orthographic System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAS
Column Address Strobe (IC, DRAM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAS
Communicating Applications Specification (FAX, Intel, DCA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAS
Computer Aided Selling From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAS
Computer Algebra System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAS
Computerized Autodial System From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CASE
Common Application Service Element (ISO, OSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CASE
Computer Aided Software Engineering From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
case sensitive
Of or relating to the handling of character casing in data input and output. UNIX (TM) and
UNIX−compatible operating systems (such as Red Hat Linux) are case−sensitive in that they treat the
same defined term differently if the terms are not cased identically (such as foo and FOO). From
Redhat−9−Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CASH
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Computer Aided Service Handling (Ashton−Tate), "C.A.S.H." From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
casio
Backup utility for the CASIO diary. It is a package ported from DOS to allow communication to the
CASIO series of hand−held organizers. It allows backup from CASIO to your computer and restore a
backup file from your computer to the CASIO. It can also output human readable file from CASIO.
Currently supports: phone, calendar, schedule, memo, and reminder. Read the documentation before
using this program! From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAST
??? (cryptography) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAST
Computer Aided Software Testing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
Castle
Castle is a server distribution from the ALT Linux Team in Russia. Installation instructions and some
other documentation is available in English. A 'secured' distribution. From LWN Distribution List
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
castle−combat
enclose land and destroy your opponent's castle It's a clone of the old DOS game Rampart. Up to four
players (or more in future versions) build castle walls, place cannons inside these walls, and shoot at
the walls of their enemy(s). If a player can't build a complete wall around one of his castles, he loses.
The last surviving player wins. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
casu
Communication and Status Utilities This package contains 2 utilities: 1. flon −− lists your friends who
are logged on 2. to −− sends a short message to another user flon simply uses the ~/.friends file to
instruct it on which users to display. Flon can also act like a BSD style who(1), if invoked with the
−w option or from a symlink named 'who'. to is rather like write(1), except that it accepts input as
command line arguments rather than on the standard input. It uses ~/.torc for configuration, and can
be configured to autoreply to messages in different ways depending on whether you're logged in or
not or if your terminal is idle, and can also exclude individual users from sending messages to your
terminal. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAT
Central Alaska Time [−1000] (TZ) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAT
Common Authentication Technology (IETF, RFC 1511) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAT
Computer Aided Technology (fair) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAT
Computer Aided Telephony From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAT
Computer Aided Testing From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cat
concatenate files and print on the standard output From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cat
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[from `catenate' via Unix cat(1)] vt. 1. [techspeak] To spew an entire file to the screen or some other
output sink without pause (syn. blast). 2. By extension, to dump large amounts of data at an
unprepared target or with no intention of browsing it carefully. Usage: considered silly. Rare outside
Unix sites. See also dd, BLT. Among Unix fans, cat(1) is considered an excellent example of
user−interface design, because it delivers the file contents without such verbosity as spacing or
headers between the files, and because it does not require the files to consist of lines of text, but works
with any sort of data. Among Unix haters, cat(1) is considered the canonical example of bad
user−interface design, because of its woefully unobvious name. It is far more often used to blast a file
to standard output than to concatenate two files. The name cat for the former operation is just as
unintuitive as, say, LISP's cdr. Of such oppositions are holy wars made.... See also UUOC. From
Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catalog
Tool to create,maintain and display Yahoo! like directories. Catalog is a perl program that allows to
create, maintain and display Yahoo! like directories. The user interface is 100% HTML. It requires a
MySQL database to run. The general idea behind the design of Catalog is that creating a catalog is
mainly a matter of organizing objects in a structured tree. For Catalog the objects are records in a
table of the SQL database. The structured tree is a set of tree nodes and relations between these nodes.
The maintainer of the catalog is in charge of building the tree and placing objects in this tree. Here is
a short list of the functions provided by Catalog: * Display structured trees of resources. * Display
chronologically ordered resources and associated calendar. * Display alphabetical indexes of
resources. * Allow full text search in the resources and the category names. * Powerful HTML based
administration of catalogs. * On−Line editing of resource records. * Handle an arbitrary number of
catalogs. * High performances using mod_perl and Apache. * Easy customization of the user view
using HTML template files. * It is possible to define more than one view of the same catalog. * Load
and unload a thematic catalog in XML. * Create an HTML dump of a structured tree to publish a
static version. * Complete documentation including a guide and a reference manual. * Ready to use
example. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catatonic
adj. Describes a condition of suspended animation in which something is so wedged or hung that it
makes no response. If you are typing on a terminal and suddenly the computer doesn't even echo the
letters back to the screen as you type, let alone do what you're asking it to do, then the computer is
suffering from catatonia (possibly because it has crashed). "There I was in the middle of a winning
game of nethack and it went catatonic on me! Aaargh!" Compare buzz. From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catchsegv
Catch segmentation faults in programs From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catdoc
MS−Word to TeX or plain text converter This program extracts text from MS−Word files, trying to
preserve as many special printable characters as possible. catdoc supports everything up to Word−97.
It doesn't even try to preserve fancy Word formatting, because Word users usually don't care about
document structure, and it is this very thing which is important to LaTeX users. Also provided is
xls2csv, which extracts data from Excel spreadsheets and outputs it in comma−separated−value
format. This package suggests tk because it also includes wordview, an optional Tk−based GUI for
catdoc. The MIME config provided in this package will use wordview is X is running, or catdoc
directly if it is not. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catdvi
DVI to plain text translator CatDVI translates a TeX Device Independent (DVI) file into a readable
plaintext file. It aims to generate high−quality output that reproduces all aspects of the DVI file within
the limits of the output medium. CatDVI uses Unicode internally and can output ASCII, ISO Latin 1
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and UTF−8 Unicode. CatDVI can be used for previewing TeX documents on character−cell displays
such as traditional terminals and terminal emulators. It is also possible to use it in generation of plain
text documents from TeX source, assuming that the document is written with this conversion in mind.
CatDVI is under development and as such yet incomplete. However, it is quite useful even in its
current form and already outperforms some of its competition in some areas. CatDVI requires that the
TFM files for all fonts used in its input DVI files are installed or can be generated by kpathsea. From
Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CATI
Computer Aided Telephone Interviewing From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CATIS
Computer−Assisted Tactical Information System (mil., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
catman
create or update the pre−formatted manual pages From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CATNIP
Common ArchiTecture for Next generation Internet Protocol (IPNG, RFC 1707) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CATS
CodeWarrior Analysis Tools From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAUCE
Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email (org., Internet, spam, UCE) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
caudium
An extensible WWW server written in Pike Caudium is a modern, fast and extensible WWW server
derived from Roxen. Caudium is by default compatible with Roxen 1.3 although some incompatible
options, mostly introduced to improve the performance, security etc. of the server, can be turned on.
Caudium features built−in log parsing engine (UltraLog), XSLT parser, native PHP4 support,
multiple execution threads and many more features − see http://caudium.net/ and http://caudium.org/
for more information. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAV
Constant Angular Velocity (CD, HDD, MOD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAVE
Cave for Automated Virtual Environment (VR) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CAVO
Computer Associates − Visual Objects (CA, DB), "CA−VO" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBASIC
Commercial Beginners All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cbb
The Check−Book Balancer − a Quicken clone CBB is a perl and tk application which can handle
several bank accounts. CBB make transfers, balancing, spending analysis a breeze. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBC
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Cipher Block Chaining [mode] (DES, DESE, RC5, cryptography) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBCP
CallBack Control Protocol From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBCS
Computer Based Conversation System (BBS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBDF
Character Bitmap Distribution Format (Adobe) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBDS
Connectionless Broadband Data Service (Europe) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBE
Certified Banyan Engineer (Banyan, VINES) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cbedic
Text−mode Bulgarian/English Dictionary CBE Dictionary is a command−line Bulgarian to English
and English to Bulgarian electronic Dictionary. It can work in interactive mode too. The dictionary
databases are not included in this package. You have to download bedic−data.tar.gz from
http://kbedic.sourceforge.net/download.php. Install the files buleng.dat and engbul.dat in
/usr/local/share/bedic. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBEMA
Computer & Business Equipment Manufacturers Association (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBF
Code Behind Form (MS, Access, DB) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBGA
Ceramic Ball and Grid Array (IC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBIOS
Compatibility Basic Input Output System (IBM, BIOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBMS
Connectionless Broadband Data Service From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBQ
Class Based Queueing From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBR
Constant Bit Rate (ATM, VBR, ABR, UBR, QOS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cbrowser
a C/C++ source code indexing, querying and browsing tool Cbrowser is a graphical C/C++ source
code searching and browsing tool, and a hierarchical function call viewer. Cbrowser is a front−end to
the popular source code indexing and querying program cscope and the alternative cs, both free
software. Author: Chris Felaco <[email protected]> Home Page:
http://cbrowser.sourceforge.net/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBS
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Certified Banyan Specialist (Banyan, VINES) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBSR
Candidate BootStrap Router (PIM, BSR, Multicast), "C−BSR" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBT
Canon Buffer Transmission (Fax) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBT
Computer−Based Training From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBT
Core Based Tree [multicast protocol] (IP, RFC 1949/2189, ST, Multicast) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CBX
Computerized Branch eXchange (PBX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CC
Carbon Copy From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CC
Continuity Cell (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CC
Country Code (MS−ISDN, GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CC
Cross Connector From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cc
GNU project C and C++ Compiler (gcc−2.95) From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ccache
Compiler results cacher, for fast recompiles. ccache is a compiler cache. It speeds up re−compilation
of C/C++ code by caching previous compiles and detecting when the same compile is being done
again. This is similar (but faster) than the compilercache package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCAF
Call Control Agent Function (IN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ccal
Colorised calendar utility CCAL is a drop in replacement for the standard unix calendar program. It
includes support for color and daily, weekly, and yearly reminders/appointments. This release
contains bug fixes and new features including support for reading "reminder" data files. From Debian
3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCC
Chaos Computer Club (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCC
Computer Control Center From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCC
Cube Connected Cycles (MP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCCA
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371
Linux Dictionary
Campus Computer Communication Association (org., USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cccd
A small GTK+ CD player program cccd is a small GTK+ CD player program with many features: *
Works with SCSI devices * CDDB lookups (local and remote) and local storing * Uses very little
screen space * Handles CD Extras (mixed mode CDs) From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCCH
Common Control CHannel (GSM, mobile−systems) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCCI
Center for Cyber Communities Initiative (org., Japan) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCD
Charge Coupled Device From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCE
Connection Control Entity From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cce
Console Chinese Environment − display Chinese (GB) on console CCE is a Console Chinese
Environment like WZCE, yact & chdrv that lets you display and input Chinese (GB) at the console.
Input methods include PinYin, WuBi, ShuangPin and ZiranMa. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCE
[visual basic] Control Creation Edition (VB, ActiveX, MS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCETT
Centre Commun d'Etudes de Telediffusion et Telecommunications (org., France) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCF
??? (org.) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCF
Capsulated Color Filter (NEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCF
Central Computer Facility From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCF
Connection Control Function (IN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCF
Controller Configuration Facility From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCFL
Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (LCD) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCFT
Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube (LCD, Display) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCIRN
Coordinating Committee of International Networks (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCIS
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Linux Dictionary
Common Channel Interoffice Signaling (AT&T) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCITT
Comite Consultatif International Telegraphique et Telephonique (org., ITU, predecessor) From
VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCL
Cerberus Central Limited (manufacturer) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCM
Change Configuration Management From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ccmakedep
create dependencies in makefiles using a C compiler From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ccmalloc
A memory profiler/debugger This is a memory profiling package. It can be used to debug various
memory allocation problems, including: o memory leaks o multiple deallocation of the same data o
under writes and over writes o writes to already deallocated data From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
ccmtcnvt
convert C++ comments to C comments From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCNC
Common Channel Network Controller From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCNC
Computer / Communications Network Center From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCNUMA
Cache−Coherent Non Uniform Memory Access (SMP, NUMA), "cc−NUMA" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCP
Command Console Processor (CP/M) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCP
Communications Control Program (OS, IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCP
Compact Communication Products (TPS) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCP
[PPP] Compression Control Protocol (PPP, RFC 1962) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCR
Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery (OSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCR
Current Cell Rate (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCRMA
Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (org., Stanford, UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
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Linux Dictionary
CCS
Cambridge Cybernetic Society (org.) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Coded Character Set (CCS, Unicode) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Common Channel Signaling (IN) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Common Command Set (SCSI) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Common Communications Support (IBM, SAA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Communications−Computer Systems, "C−CS" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS
Cyprus Computer Society (Org, Zypern) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCS7
Common Channel signaling System 7 (IN, Telekom, CCITT) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCSID
Coded Character Set IDentification (IBM) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCSY
Cooperative Computing System Program (HP) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCT
China Coast Time [+0800] (TZ) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCTA
Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (org., UK) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCTLD
Country Code Top Level DOMAIN (Internet, ICANN), "ccTLD" From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCU
Cache Control Unit (Wyse) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCU
Customer Control Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCV
C−bit Coding Violation [error event] (DS3/E3) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CCW
COM Callable Wrapper (MS, COM, Java) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CD
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374
Linux Dictionary
Carrier Detect (MODEM, RS−232) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CD
Change Directory (DOS, Unix, OS/2) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cd
change directory − ; cd .. moves you backwards to the next higher subdirectory level; cd / moves you
to the highest directory level. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CD
Committee Draft (ISO) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CD
Compact Disk (CD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cd tilde
/C−D til−d*/ vi. To go home. From the Unix C−shell and Korn−shell command cd ~, which takes one
to one's $HOME (cd with no arguments happens to do the same thing). By extension, may be used
with other arguments; thus, over an electronic chat link, cd ~coffee would mean "I'm going to the
coffee machine." From Jargon Dictionary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cd−circleprint
prints round shaped cd−labels a program to create round shaped cd−labels written in perl, using
perl−tk as frontend. It has four lines of nice round shaped text for each label, additional four fields
with normal text, choosable text−size, font colour, background colour and background images. You
can squeeze the whole page if your printer doesn't generate correct circles and you can move the
circle on the sheet. The output is postscript so it should be usable on any system. From Debian 3.0r0
APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cd−discid
CDDB DiscID utility cd−discid is a backend utility to get CDDB discid information from a
CD−ROM disc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CD−ROM
see compact disc read−only memory (CD−ROM). From Redhat−9−Glossary
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDA
Communications Decency Act (Internet, USA) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDA
Compound Document Architecture (DEC) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cdable_vars
If this is set, an argument to the cd builtin command that is not a directory is assumed to be the name
of a variable whose value is the directory to change to. From Rute−Users−Guide
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cdadd
play and catalog audio CDROMs on CDROM drive(s) From whatis
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDB
Command Descriptor Block From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cdbackup
CD−R(W) backup utility cdbackup and cdrestore are a pair of utilities designed to facilitiate
streaming backup to and from CD−R(W) disks. Specificially, they were designed to work with
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dump/restore, but tar/cpio/whatever you want should work, so long as it writes to stdout for backups
and reads from stdin for restores. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
cdbakeoven
common GUI for writing CDs under KDE CD Bake Oven (CDBO) is a graphical
CD−creation/copying tool designed which aims to combine the power and stability of great command
line utilities with a contemporary, easy−to−use user interface. CDBO enables you to create data or
music CDs in the most intuitive matter, while enabling you to control every aspect of the process. It is
built on top of very well known cdrecord, mkisofs, cdda2wav and cdparanoia, encapsulating most of
the options those utilities provide. This makes creating professional quality media as easy as making a
few mouse clicks. Features include: o creating custom CDs by drag'n'drop'ing files from Konqueror or
CDBO into the compilation list and clicking 'Create' o auto−detection of CD writers, supplemented by
a Custom Devices Dialog for simple custom device configuration o a fully customize CD
creation/duplication/erasing process (the CDBO Settings Dialog is split into convenient sections, such
as o Audio CD copy, ISO Image creation, CDBO defaults, etc.) o a number of other features, such as:
the ability to listen to o audio CDs while copying; ISO image creation; ISO image preview;
Burn−At−Once support; BurnProf support (must be supported by the (hardware); bootable (El Torito)
CD creation; and multiplatform CD creation. From Debian 3.0r0 APT
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDBS
Connectionless Data Bearer Service From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDBX
Computerized Digital Branch eXchange (PBX) From VERA
http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux−Dictionary/html/index.html
CDC
Connected Device Configuration (JVM) From VERA
http://www.tld