Xshell 1.2 User Guide

Xshell 1.2 User Guide
Xshell User Guide
Secure Terminal Emualtor
NetSarang Computer, Inc.
Copyright © 2015 NetSarang Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
Xshell Manual
This software and various documents have been produced by NetSarang Computer, Inc. and are protected by the Copyright
Act. Consent from the copyright holder must be obtained when duplicating, distributing or citing all or part of this software
and related data.
This software and manual are subject to change without prior notice for product functions improvement.
Xlpd and Xftp are trademarks of NetSarang Computer, Inc. Xmanager and Xshell are registered trademarks of
NetSarang Computer, Inc. Microsoft Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft. UNIX is a registered trademark of
AT&T Bell Laboratories. SSH is a registered trademark of SSH Communications Security. Secure Shell is a trademark of
SSH Communications Security.
This software includes software products developed through the OpenSSL Project and used in OpenSSL Toolkit.
NetSarang Computer, Inc.
(143-721) Level 16, 85 Gwangnaruro 56 gil, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, Korea (TechnoMart 21, Gueui-dong)
http://www.netsarang.com/
Contents
About Xshell ...............................................................................................................................................1
Key Functions ........................................................................................................... 1
Minimum System Requirements .................................................................................. 3
Install and Uninstall ................................................................................................... 3
License Agreement .................................................................................................... 4
Consent to Genuine Xshell Use .............................................................................. 4
Consent to Xshell Tryout Edition Use ...................................................................... 6
Start ...................................................................................................................................................................7
Create Session .......................................................................................................... 7
Connect to Remote Host ............................................................................................ 8
Exit Xshell ................................................................................................................ 9
Session Management ............................................................................................................................... 11
Session Management ............................................................................................... 11
Session Properties ................................................................................................... 12
Connection........................................................................................................ 13
Add a short description about the session. Connection > Authentication .................. 13
Connection > Authentication > Login Prompts ...................................................... 14
Connection > Login Scripts ................................................................................. 14
Connection > SSH ............................................................................................. 14
Connection > SSH > Security ............................................................................. 15
Connection > SSH > Tunneling ........................................................................... 15
Connection > SSH > SFTP .................................................................................. 15
Connection > TELNET......................................................................................... 15
Connection > RLOGIN ........................................................................................ 16
Connection > SERIAL ......................................................................................... 16
Connection > PROXY .......................................................................................... 16
Connection > Keep Alive..................................................................................... 16
Terminal ........................................................................................................... 16
Terminal > Keyboard .......................................................................................... 17
Terminal > VT Mode ........................................................................................... 18
Terminal > Advanced ......................................................................................... 18
Appearance ....................................................................................................... 19
Appearance > Margins ....................................................................................... 20
Advanced .......................................................................................................... 20
Advanced > Tracing ........................................................................................... 20
Advanced > Logging .......................................................................................... 20
ZMODEM .......................................................................................................... 21
Export .................................................................................................................... 22
Import ................................................................................................................... 22
Contents | 1
Connection .................................................................................................................................................... 23
Connection without Sessions .....................................................................................23
Connection with Sessions..........................................................................................23
Serial Connection .....................................................................................................24
Connection with MIT Kerberos ...................................................................................24
Proxy Setting...........................................................................................................25
Security .......................................................................................................................................................... 26
Public Key User Authentication ..................................................................................26
User Keys Dialog Box ..........................................................................................27
Host Key Management..............................................................................................28
SSH Security Warning Dialog Box.........................................................................28
Host Keys Dialog Box ..........................................................................................28
Tab Management........................................................................................................................................ 29
Tab .........................................................................................................................29
Tab Group ...............................................................................................................29
Tunneling Service ...................................................................................................................................... 30
TCP/IP Port Forwarding .............................................................................................30
X11 Forwarding .......................................................................................................31
SOCKS4/5 Dynamic Port Forwarding ..........................................................................32
Instant Tunneling .....................................................................................................32
Terminal Window Operations ............................................................................................................... 34
Copy and Paste ........................................................................................................34
Find String ..............................................................................................................35
Font Change ............................................................................................................35
Font Color and Background Color Setting....................................................................36
Cursor Change.........................................................................................................37
Window Handling .....................................................................................................38
Multi-session Handling ..............................................................................................38
Quick Command Sets Setting ....................................................................................39
Terminal Output Encoding Change .............................................................................41
Advanced Terminal Options Setting ............................................................................41
Layout Management .................................................................................................42
Options Setting ........................................................................................................................................... 43
Session Folder and Startup Session ...........................................................................43
History Clearing and Connection Log ..........................................................................43
Key Mapping Setting ................................................................................................43
Mouse Setting .........................................................................................................44
Transparency Setting................................................................................................44
Master Password Settings .........................................................................................44
Screen Lock Settings ................................................................................................45
Auto Lock ..........................................................................................................46
Live Update Settings ................................................................................................46
2 | Contents
Advanced Settings ................................................................................................... 46
File Transfer .................................................................................................................................................49
File Transfer Using SFTP ........................................................................................... 49
File Transfer Using ZMODEM ..................................................................................... 49
File Transfer Using Xftp ............................................................................................ 50
Session Logging and Tracing ................................................................................................................52
Session Logging ...................................................................................................... 52
Session Tracing ....................................................................................................... 52
Printing ...........................................................................................................................................................54
Using Xagent ................................................................................................................................................55
Connecting to Server Through Xagent ....................................................................... 55
Using the Xagent User Key on a Remote Host ............................................................. 55
Using Scripts ................................................................................................................................................57
Script Starting and Ending........................................................................................ 57
Script API ............................................................................................................... 57
xsh.Session ....................................................................................................... 57
xsh.Screen ........................................................................................................ 58
Xsh.Dialog ........................................................................................................ 59
Script Example .................................................................................................. 59
References ....................................................................................................................................................61
Standard Buttons .................................................................................................... 61
Address Bar ............................................................................................................ 63
Xshell Local Command ............................................................................................. 64
Xshell Command Line Option .................................................................................... 65
SFTP Command....................................................................................................... 67
Regular Expression .................................................................................................. 68
Pattern Match .................................................................................................... 68
The shorthand of character classes ...................................................................... 68
POSIX character classes ..................................................................................... 69
Example ........................................................................................................... 69
Pre-defined Shortcut Key ......................................................................................... 70
Index ...........................................................................................................................................................71
Contents | 3
About Xshell
Xshell is a powerful SSH, TELNET and RLOGIN terminal emulator software operating on the
Windows platform. Windows users can conveniently and securely access UNIX/Linux hosts using
Xshell. SSH (secure shell) protocols support encryption and user authentication for secure
connection on the Internet and can replace legacy protocols, such as TELNET and RLOGIN.
Key Functions
This section provides descriptions on key functions of Xshell.
General

Supports SSH1, SSH2, SFTP, TELNET, RLOGIN and SERIAL protocols

Supports Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista/2008/7/8

Supports OpenSSH and ssh.com servers

Supports having multi tabs in a single window

Supports displaying multiple tab groups in a single window

Multi-user setting

Keep alive option

SOCKS4/5, HTTP proxy connection

Custom key mapping

VB, Perl, Jscript scripting

Auto reconnect

IPv6 support

MIT Kerberos authentication support
Session Management

Creates and manages sessions for other hosts

Supports Sessions dialog box, address bar, local prompt, shortcut to session, and links bar
to open sessions

Provides a default session for quick connection

Simultaneous connection with multiple sessions

Address bar supports URL commands and allows connection to a remote host with or
without a saved session

Supports automatic login and login scripts

Supports folder and tree view in the Sessions dialog box

Batch update sessions

Import and export sessions
Security

RSA/DSA Public key, Password and Keyboard interactive user authentication

RSA/DSA New Key Wizard and import/export key
About Xshell | 1

User authentication using Xagent (SSH user authentication agent)

AES128/192/256, 3DES, BLOWFISH, CAST128, ARCFOUR and RIJNDAEL encryption
algorithms

SHA1, SHA1-96, MD5, MD5-96 and RIPEMD160 MAC algorithms

zlib compression

Host Keys dialog box

User Keys dialog box

Supports using master password to encrypt password
Terminal

Unicode-based terminal buffer

VT100, VT220, VT320, XTERM, LINUX, SCOANSI and ANSI terminals

Multi-language output encoding (UTF-8)

Compose bar to write messages to all sessions simultaneously

Scroll buffer enabling up to 2,147,483,647 lines to be saved

Character string search using regular expressions

Column unit text selection

Supports multi-byte character strings at copy & paste

Designates delimiters of double-click word selection in the terminal window

Triple click selects one line

Bold font and ANSI color code

Xterm terminal mouse

Xterm 256-color mode

Linux Meta key emulation

Prints terminal screen

Sets line spacing and margin in the terminal window
Tunneling

TCP/IP and X11 forwarding

Dynamic port forwarding using SOCKS4/5

Tunneling pane allows you to monitor active forwarding channels and add new rules for
the current session.
Appearance

Convenient and powerful user interface

Supports custom layout

Adjustable toolbar

Color schemes edit/import/export feature

Changes cursor color and blinking

Easily changes fonts via the Font button

Designates frequently used character strings as quick commands

Customizable Standard Buttons on toolbar

Security–lock, session selection, and network up/down traffic information display in the
2 | About Xshell
status bar

Full screen view (Alt+Enter)

Transparency options
Local Command
Local shell prompt for advanced users


Local commands, including open, ssh, telnet, rlogin, sftp, and ftp

Local Windows commands, such as ping, ipconfig, netstat, and nslookup

Escapes to the local prompt during connection
Interoperability

Interoperable with Xmanager program for X11 forwarding

Interoperable with Xagent program for agent authentication and forwarding

Interoperable with Xftp program for file transfer

Edits scroll buffer in notepad

Sequentially selects Xshell window via the menu command
File Management

Sends and receives files via SFTP

Sends and receives files via ZMODEM

Sends ASCII files

Automatic session logging (also saves terminal code)

Page setting and print preview
Minimum System Requirements

Processor:
Intel® compatible

Operating System:
Microsoft Windows® 2000 SP4 or higher

Storage Space:
50MB of available space

Memory:
512 MB

Network:
TCP/IP network
Install and Uninstall
The Xshell installation program was created using InstallShield®. A variety of installation options
can be changed during installation. However, it is often sufficient to simply click [Next].
To uninstall Xshell, use the standard Windows add/remove functions. Run [Add/Remove Program]
in the control panel and select to uninstall Xshell or Xmanager Enterprise from the list. Note
that when Xmanager Enterprise is uninstalled, programs other than Xshell are also removed.
Even when the program is uninstalled, the registry information, log files and data files created by
the user are not removed. The information and files are available for reuse when the program is
reinstalled. If you want to remove all the files and registry information completely, remove the
following explicitly:
Registry Information:
•
\HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\NetSarang\Xshell
About Xshell | 3
•
\HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\NetSarang\Xmanager Enterprise
File and Folder:
•
User’s Documents folder\NetSarang\Xshell
•
User’s Documents folder\NetSarang\Xmanager Enterprise
License Agreement
This is a license agreement between NetSarang Computer Inc. and Xshell users.
Consent to Genuine Xshell Use
This is a license agreement between NetSarang Computer Inc. and a genuine Xshell user. If you
are using a tryout edition, see ‘Consent to Xshell Tryout Edition Use’.
Genuine Product User
Genuine product user refers to personal users and customers who have purchased the product.
Here, ‘personal users’ refer to users who use the product for personal purposes and not for profitmaking. Personal use does not include personal use in organizations, such as a company or a
government office.
License Agreement
Users are advised to check the license agreement provisions for this software prior to use. Using
this software is regarded as consenting to this agreement.
Software Distribution
No component part of any version of Xshell may be distributed individually, disassembled, copied,
reverse engineered, or altered in any form.
Registered Program
1 user license is applied for installing and using this software on one or more PCs accessible by one
individual, or in one PC used by several individuals. It is not possible to apply the license to both
cases simultaneously, and the number of users simultaneously using this software must not exceed
the number of users registered udner the license under any circumstances.
If installing this software on one workstation and using it via a network, as many licenses are
required as the number of connected PCs (terminals).
Copyright
NetSarang Computer Inc. holds ownership and copyright on this software and any or all
appendages to such, and these rights are protected by the Copyright Act of the Republic of Korea
and the Universal Copyright Convention. Parts of this software may have been developed by other
suppliers and copyright for such parts is held by the corresponding suppliers.
Use
The right to use this software is granted to a genuine product user and no persons holding the
right to use of this software may claim ownership or copyright for this software. This software must
not be resold or rented to others for any purpose. If customers who have purchased the product
transfer their right of use for this software to others for free, the transferer must delete the original
4 | About Xshell
copy of this software together with all replicated copies.
Warranty
THIS SOFTWARE AND THE ACCOMPANYING FILES ARE SOLD "AS IS" AND WITHOUT WARRANTIES
AS TO PERFORMANCE OR MERCHANTABILITY OR ANY OTHER WARRANTIES WHETHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. Because of the various hardware and software environments into which Xshell may
be put, NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS OFFERED.
Xshell® is a registered trademark of NetSarang Computer Inc.
About Xshell | 5
Consent to Xshell Tryout Edition Use
This is a license agreement between NetSarang Computer Inc. and an Xshell tryout edition user. If
you are using a genuine product, see ‘Consent to Genuine Xshell Use’.
Tryout Edition User
Tryout edition users refer to those who use this product for the specified tryout period in order to
assess the validity of the product purchase.
License Agreement
Tryout edition users are advised to check the provisions of the license agreement for this software
prior to using the software. Using this software is regarded as consenting to this agreement.
Replication, Transmission and Distribution of Tryout Edition
Tryout edition users may replicate or transmit the tryout edition of this software. In this case, the
original tryout edition software must be replicated without separating or modifying it. Distribution
of the tryout edition included in the bundle of another product without consent from NetSarang
Computer Inc. is prohibited.
Copyright
NetSarang Computer Inc. holds ownership and copyright on this software and any or all
appendages to such, and these rights are protected by the Copyright Act of the Republic of Korea
and the Universal Copyright Convention. Parts of this software may have been developed by other
suppliers and copyright for such parts is held by the corresponding suppliers.
Tryout Edition Use
Tryout edition users may use this software for thirty days for the purpose of trying out its use prior
to purchasing this product. Users must purchase a license in order to use this software for business
purposes during the tryout period or to continue using this software after tryout period expiration.
Warranty
THIS SOFTWARE AND THE ACCOMPANYING FILES ARE SOLD "AS IS" AND WITHOUT WARRANTIES
AS TO PERFORMANCE OR MERCHANTABILITY OR ANY OTHER WARRANTIES WHETHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. Because of the various hardware and software environments into which Xshell may
be put, NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS OFFERED.
Xshell® is a registered trademark of NetSarang Computer Inc.
6 | About Xshell
Start
This section provides descriptions of the methods to create a TELNET/RLOGIN or SSH session and
to connect to UNIX/Linux hosts. TELNET sessions are very simple. However, an SSH session
occasionally requires a user key registration in the server prior to connection. If you need user key
registration for SSH sessions, see ‘Public Key User Authentication’.
Create Session
1.
Select [New] from the [File] menu. New Session Properties dialog box is displayed.
Fig. 1: New Session Properties dialog box
Start | 7
2.
Enter a session name in [Name].
3.
Select an appropriate protocol from the [Protocol] list.
4.
Enter server host name or IP address in [Host].
5.
Enter port number used by the remote server in [Port Number].
6.
Click [OK].
Connect to Remote Host
The following is the process for connecting to a remote host via an SSH session. If a session is not
available, see ‘Create Session’.
1.
Select [Open] from the [File] menu. Sessions dialog box is displayed.
2.
Select session for connection from the sessions list and click [Connect]. SSH User Name
dialog box is displayed.
Fig. 1: SSH User Name dialog box
3.
Enter user name and click [OK]. SSH User Authentication dialog box is displayed.
8 | Start
Fig. 2: SSH User Authentication dialog box
4.
To attempt Password authentication, enter password in [Password] and click [OK].
5.
To attempt Public Key authentication, first select a user key from the list. Enter [Passphrase]
of the selected user key and click [OK].
Note
If a user key is not available, see ‘Public Key User Authentication’.
6.
To attempt Keyboard Interactive authentication, click [OK] and answer the questions given
during connection process.
Exit Xshell
To disconnect with a session, enter ‘exit’ in the terminal screen prompt or select [Disconnect] from
the [File] menu.
Note
If a session is disconnected with [Revert to local shell when connection is closed] option
selected, the session tab remains open and reverts back to local shell. Under local shell status,
Xshell prompt is displayed in terminal screen and local commands, such as open, telnet, ssh,
and ping can be executed.
Start | 9
To end Xshell, select [Exit] from the [File] menu.
10 | Start
Session Management
Session is a file containing information about remote host connection setup. By creating a session,
users can set different options for different remote hosts. The Sessions dialog box shows all
sessions created and enables to create and edit sessions.
Users can connect to a remote computer without creating a session. For this purpose, Xshell
provides a default session which is ready to use after installation.
Session Management
To Create a New Session:
1.
Open the New Session Properties dialog box by selecting [New] in the [File] menu.
2.
Enter connection information.
3.
Click [OK].
To Open the Sessions Dialog Box:
•
•
Select [Open] in the [File] menu.
Click the standard [Open] button.
To Edit a Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session to edit.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Click [OK] after completing session editing.
To Rename a Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Right-click on the session to rename.
3.
Select [Rename] in menu.
Note
Session name must be a valid file name.
To Copy a Session Under Different Name:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session to copy under a different name.
3.
Click the standard [Save As] button.
To Delete a Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session to delete.
Session Management | 11
3.
Click the standard [Delete] button.
To Create a Shortcut to Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session for which to create shortcut.
3.
Click the standard [Create Shortcut] button.
4.
Select a folder to save shortcut.
5.
Click [OK].
To Change Default Session Properties:
To open the default Session Properties dialog box, select one of the following:
•
•
Select [Properties] from the [File] menu in local shell.
Click the arrow next to the standard [Properties] button in the main toolbar and select
[Default Session] from the list.
Note
Default session is used when connecting with SSH, TELNET, RLOGIN and SFTP using a local
prompt or the Address Bar.
To use a connection command in local prompt, see ‘Xshell Local Command’. For connection
using address bar, see ‘Address Bar’.
To Create a New Session Folder:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Click an arrow next to the standard [New] button and select [Folder] from the list.
3.
Enter folder name.
To Copy a Session file to Another Computer:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Click the standard [Open Session Folder] button.
3.
Copy a session file (*.xsh) or email it to another computer.
4.
Save session file in the following folder.
‘%APPDATA%\NetSarang\Xshell\Sessions’
Session Properties
Open the Session Properties dialog box to create a new session or to edit a session.
To Open the Session Properties Dialog Box:
•
•
•
Select [New] from the [File] menu.
Select [Properties] from the [File] menu.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
12 | Session Management
Connection
In connection setting, information about session connections may be set. In most cases, users can
connect to a remote host with the connection setting only.
Name
Enter an intrinsic name for the session. The name becomes the session file name, and must
comprise valid characters for a file name.
Protocol
Select a connection protocol to use when connecting to a remote computer. The protocols
supported are SSH, SFTP, TELNET, RLOGIN and SERIAL.
Host
Enter host name or IP address of the remote computer.
Port Number
Enter the port number of the protocol selected above. When a protocol is selected from the
protocols list, the default protocol port number is automatically entered. If a remote computer is
using another port number, the port number must be directly entered. Default port numbers for
each protocol are 22 for SSH/SFTP, 23 for TELNET and 513 for RLOGIN.
Description
Add a short description about the session. Connection > Authentication
In user authentication setting, the authentication method, user name, password, user key, and the
like may be designated
Method
Select an authentication method among Password, Public Key, Keyboard Interactive and Kerberos
(MIT Kerberos GSSAPI,dll). If the selected authentication method is not supported by the SSH
server, a dialog box asking about user authentication method is displayed during connection.
Note
Kerberos (MIT Kerberos GSSAPI.dll) uses MIT Network Identity Manager to authenticate user.
You must have working MIT Kerberos server and Network Identity Manager on PC in order to
use Kerberos.
User Name
Enter a user name for login. User name is the remote computer login account. If this field is left
blank, a dialog box asking for the user name is displayed during connection.
Password
Enter a remote user account password. This value is valid when Password authentication is
selected. If this field is left blank, a dialog box asking for the user authentication is displayed
during connection. The password is encoded and saved in user’s PC. For greater security, leave this
field blank.
Session Management | 13
User Key
Select a user key to use when public key authentication is selected. If this field is left blank, a
dialog box asking about user authentication is displayed during connection. If a user key is not in
the list, a key must be created and registered in a remote SSH server.
Passphrase
Enter passphrase for the selected user key. The entered key passphrase is encoded and saved in
user’s PC. For greater security, leave this field blank.
Connection > Authentication > Login Prompts
It is necessary for Xshell to recognize the server user name/password prompt in order to
automate the login process for TELNET or RLOGIN protocol. In general, the default value is used.
TELNET
Enter user name and password prompt to automate TELNET login process. Note that blanks are
recognized as valid characters.
RLOGIN
Enter password prompt for RLOGIN protocol. Password may not be needed according to RLOGIN
server settings. Note that blanks are recognized as valid characters.
Connection > Login Scripts
For login script setting, commands to be automatically entered in the terminal may be defined.
After successful login to a remote server, commands are sequentially executed in the order
displayed in the list. This feature is very useful when you login to another server after the first
login to a remote server.
Execute the Following Expect and Send Rule
Select this option to use expect and send rule.
Add
Open the Expect and Send Rule dialog box. When rules editing is complete, the rule is added to
the list.
Edit
Open the Expect and Send Rule dialog box and edit the selected rule.
Execute script when session starts.
Set a script file to execute after a session connection.
Connection > SSH
Set general SSH protocol options.
Protocol Versions
Select an SSH protocol version to use. SSH2 is safer than SSH1 and offers more capabilities.
14 | Session Management
Use Xagent (SSH Agent) for Handling Passphrase
Select this option when using Xagent. Using Xagent, entering a passphrase is not required during
the public key user authentication process.
Launch Xagent Automatically
Xagent is automatically executed when necessary. When this option is selected, users do not need
to execute Xagent in advance.
Use ZLIB Compression
A compression algorithm is used to compress all SSH connection data. In an environment where
network speed is slow, use this option to improve the speed.
Do Not Allocate a Terminal
Select this option when not using terminal. Use this option if you want to use tunneling only
without terminal access.
Connection > SSH > Security
Encryption
Encryption algorithms are used to encrypt and decrypt network traffics. Users may select preferred
encryption algorithm from the list. If <Cipher List> is selected from the list, multiple algorithms
may be attempted in the order appeared in the list. To edit the list of <Cipher List>, click [Edit].
MAC (Message Authentication Code)
MAC is added in SSH2 for greater security and to ensure data integrity. If <MAC List> is selected
from the list, multiple algorithms are tried in the order appeared in the list. To edit the list of <MAC
List>, click [Edit].
Connection > SSH > Tunneling
In the tunneling setting, TCP/IP, Dynamic and X11 forwarding rules may be set. These settings are
valid only when the SSH protocol is selected in Connection setting.
For details on tunneling setting, see ‘Tunneling Service’.
Connection > SSH > SFTP
Set SFTP protocol related options.
Startup Folder
Set a local and remote folder with which to start after successful login via SFTP protocol.
Connection > TELNET
Set TELNET protocol related options.
Use XDISPLOC Telnet Option
Uses XDISPLOC Telnet option to pass display (PC X server) information to server. If you are using a
Session Management | 15
PC X server such as Xmanager, use this option to execute remote X11 applications from a local
PC.
Display
Enter the DISPLAY value to pass upon login. $PCADDR value is translated automatically to IP
address of a local PC right before it is passed to server.
Connection > RLOGIN
Set RLOGIN protocol related options.
Terminal Speed
Designate terminal speed to be passed to rlogin server.
Connection > SERIAL
In serial setting, serial connection options may be set. Instead of using the traditional terminal
environment, RS232C SERAL connection lets you use your PC to connect to UNIX machines that
has no graphic card support or where direct access to console is not available. To use Serial
connection through Xshell, serial interface must be installed in the host system.
For details on serial setting, see ‘Serial Connection’.
Connection > PROXY
Proxy Server
Select a proxy server to use in this session.
For details on proxy setting, see ‘Proxy Setting’.
Connection > Keep Alive
Send keep alive messages while this session is connected
Send keep alive messages to a remote computer. This is useful when connection is unexpectedly
closed while connection is idle. In some network environments, the gateway or firewall system
forces a disconnection if data transfer is not made for a prescribed period of time.
Reconnect automatically if connection is terminated unexpectedly
Reconnect automatically when a network connection is terminated unexpectedly.
Terminal
In terminal setting, terminal types and other related options may be set.
Terminal Type
Select a terminal type to use. Xshell supports VT100, VT102, VT220, VT320, ANSI, SCOANSI,
LINUX and XTERM terminals.
16 | Session Management
Use the Following Terminal Size when Connected
Select this option to designate the terminal size in this session. When this option is selected,
terminal size is initialized with columns and rows values when a session is connected. If the option
is not selected, terminal size does not change even when a session is connected.
Rows
Enter row count in terminal. Terminal size is adjusted when a session is connected.
Columns
Enter column width in terminal. Terminal size is adjusted when a session is connected.
Scroll Buffer
Designate the row unit scroll buffer size.
Push Erased Screen into Scroll Buffer
Even when terminal screen is erased with the ‘clear’ command, the erased content remains in the
scroll buffer. The previous screen may thus be viewed via mouse scroll.
Encoding
Select terminal output encoding. This value must be a language the remote server uses. If Default
Language is selected, Xshell uses the Windows encoding. This option does not change the
keyboard input value and, when required, the IME (Input Method Editor) provided by Windows
must be appropriately installed.
Treat CJK Ambiguous Characters as Wide Characters
Recognize ambiguous CJK (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) characters as wide characters.
Terminal > Keyboard
In the keyboard setting, users may set the character string sent by their PC’s keyboard to the
server.
Function Key Emulation
Set function keys appropriate for your terminal type. If <Default> is selected, the function key is
automatically assigned according to the terminal type designated in the ‘Terminal’ setting.
Specify an Alternate Key Mapping File
Using a custom key mapping file, users can manually assign a string to each function key (F1~F20)
and it will be sent to server when pressed.
Delete Key Sequence, Backspace Key Sequence
Select a character string to be sent when user presses the Delete or Backspace key.
Meta Key Emulation
Enable meta key emulation for application programs which use meta keys, such as Emacs.
Session Management | 17
Terminal > VT Mode
Set the initial values for each terminal mode.
Auto Wrap Mode (DECAWM)
Activate auto wrap mode at startup.
Origin Mode (DECOM)
Activate origin mode. When this option is activated, the cursor moves based on the location
designated by the server.
Reverse Video Mode (DECSCNM)
Enables Reverse Video Mode when the session starts. When this option is activated, the screen
foreground and background colors are reversed.
New Line Mode (NLM)
Enables New Line Mode when the session starts. When this option is activated, both CR and LF are
sent when Enter key is pressed. If this option is not selected, Enter key sends CR only.
Insert Mode (IRM)
Enables Insert Mode. When this option is selected, characters received from the remote server are
inserted into where the cursor is located and the existing characters are not erased.
Echo Mode (SRM)
When this option is activated, a character string to send to server is displayed on screen and then
transferred to server.
Initial Cursor Key Mode (DECCKM)
Set initial cursor key mode value.
Initial Numeric Keypad Mode (DECNKM)
Set default setting for Keypad mode.
Terminal > Advanced
Set advanced terminal options.
Restrict Mouse Use at Terminal with Shift Key
Some applications such as ‘vi’ and ‘mc’ can use mouse click and drag to make selection or change
directory. Even in these applications, when this option is selected, press Shift key while using
mouse and Xshell uses the mouse input to perform actions such as making selection on the
screen.
Erase Screen Using Background Color
Use the current terminal background color rather than the background color set in color scheme
when erasing screen.
Receive LF as CR+LF
18 | Session Management
Display both CR and LF in terminal screen when LF is received from server.
Scroll to the Bottom when Pressing the Key
Scroll to the bottom of the terminal screen when a user enters a key.
Scroll to the Bottom at Terminal Input/Output
Scroll to the bottom of the screen when text is displayed on the terminal screen.
Enable Destructive Backspace
Erase a letter to the left of the cursor, when the Backspace key is pressed, and move the cursor to
the erased character’s position.
Disable Blinking Text
Blinking texts do not blink and are displayed with solid color.
Disable Terminal Title Change
Do not change the Xshell title bar. In most cases, the title bar displays the folder and host name
according to a request from a remote computer.
Disable Terminal Printing Feature
Display the terminal on screen without printing it when a request for terminal printing is received
from server.
Disable Switching to Alternate Terminal Screen
Do not use an alternate screen for certain application programs, such as vi. When an alternate
screen is used, and the application is terminated, the terminal area goes back to the screen before
the application is started.
Disable Terminal Size Change upon Request
Ignore a terminal size change signal from the server.
Appearance
In the appearance setting, the terminal window colors and fonts may be set.
Color Scheme
Select a color scheme. Xshell provides several default color schemes. Add a new color scheme or
edit an existing color scheme in the Select Color Scheme dialog box.
Font Name
Select a font. Only fixed width fonts are listed. A font may also be selected by pressing the
standard [Fonts] button.
Font Size
Select the desired font size.
Bold
Session Management | 19
Select a method to express bold characters.
Cursor
Designate cursor color, appearance and blinking.
Appearance > Margins
In margins setting, set the margins and spacing in Xshell terminal window.
Margin
Set terminal window margins.
Spacing
Set spacing between lines and characters in the terminal window.
Advanced
In advanced setting, set quick command set, tracing, and log options.
Quick Command Set
Select the default quick command set to be used in a session. The selected quick command set is
displayed in the quick command bar when the session is started.
Disable Shortcut Key to Quick Command
Ctrl+F1 and Ctrl+F2 keys are not used as shortcut keys to quick commands. The corresponding
key values are sent to the server.
Advanced > Tracing
In tracing setting, set protocol tracing options. This feature will be helpful when you want to trace
detailed protocol messages to solve a specific problem. A tracing message is displayed in terminal
screen.
SSH Version, Algorithm Exchange and User Authentication
Display information about version exchange, encoding algorithm, compression method, and server
and user authentication.
SSH TCP/IP and X11 Tunneling
Display port forwarding information on screen.
TELNET Option Negotiation
Display the TELNET option exchange process between Xshell and the telnet server on the screen.
Advanced > Logging
In logging setting, set the options related to log creation.
Start Logging when Connection is Made
20 | Session Management
Logging is automatically started when a session is connected to a remote host. Select one of the
following logging options.
•
•
Record printable texts only
Record terminal codes in additon to printable texts
Automatically Create a New File in Log Folder
Create a new file in the default folder designated by the program and record log messages. A file
name is automatically generated.
Use the Following File
Save log messages in user designated log file in a user designated folder.
File Path
Designate the log file path. When a file is created, %n, %d and %t are translated into name, date
and time respectively.
Browse Button ([…])
Open the Save As dialog box and select a file to record log contents.
Overwrite when the Specified File Already Exists
If thespecified file already exists, overwrite the log contents on the file. If this option is not
selected, serial numbers are added to the end of the file name and an intrinsic name file is created.
Ask when Session Logging Starts
Open the Save dialog box when logging starts so users can select a file in which to save log.
ZMODEM
In ZMODEM setting, set various options relating to ZMODEM file transfer.
Automatically Activate ZMODEM
Automatically start file send/receive when remote ZMODEM program starts send/receive. If this
option is not set, the file must be received by selecting [Send/Receive with ZMODEM] in [File] >
[Transfer] menu.
Always Ask Before Download
Open the Browse For Folder dialog box before receiving files. It allows you to specify a different
folder for each download.
Use the Following Download Path
Save a received file in a designated folder without asking for a folder in which to save the file. If a
file of the same name already exists, serial numbers are added to the file name.
Automatically Change Name
If a file to be received via ZMODEM exists already, the file name is automatically changed. Ex.)
Before: abc.txt, After: abc (2).txt
Session Management | 21
Overwrite
If a file to be received via ZMODEM exists already, the existing file is overwritten.
Export
Sessions exported by Xshell are collected into a single convenient file. When this file is imported
from another computer where Xshell is installed, the imported sessions may be used without
additional setup.
To Export Session:
1.
Select [Export] from the [File] menu. The Import/Export Sessions wizard is displayed.
2.
Select the position where the exported file is to be saved and click [Next]. Session export
results will be displayed.
3.
Click [Finish] to complete sessions export.
Import
Xshell can import sessions exported by other computers.
To Import Session:
1.
Select [Import] from the [File] menu. The Import/Export Sessions wizard is displayed.
2.
Directly enter the file path exported from other computer or click the […] button to select the
exported file and click [Next]. Sessions are imported and the result is displayed.
3.
Click [Finish] to complete session import.
22 | Session Management
Connection
Xshell provides various connection methods, such as Sessions dialog box, local prompt, address
bar, links bar and shortcut to session.
Connection without Sessions
To Connect at the Local Prompt:
1.
Enter one of the following commands in the local prompt:
•
Xshell:\> telnet hostname
•
Xshell:\> ssh hostname
•
Xshell:\> rlogin hostname
Note
A port number must be designated if a remote host does not use the default port number. For
information on commands, see ‘Xshell Local Command’.
To Connect at the Address Bar:
1.
2.
Enter one of the following commands in the address bar:
•
telnet://hostname
•
ssh://hostname
•
rlogin://hostname
Press Enter or click [Connect].
Note
A user name and port number may be entered in the address bar. For details, see ‘Address Bar’.
Connection with Sessions
To Connect at the Sessions Dialog Box:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session for connection.
3.
Click [Connect].
Note
If a remote host connection already exists, a new tab is opened or a new Xshell is started.
To Connect at the Local Prompt:
Connection | 23
1.
Enter the following command in Xshell local prompt.
Xshell:\> open session
To Connect with a Shortcut:
1.
Double-click the shortcut icon of a session.
Note
To obtain information about shortcut to session, see ‘Session Management’.
Serial Connection
RS232C Serial connection lets you use your PC as a terminal when there is no video card in UNIX
system or the console is not directly accessible. To use Serial connection via Xshell, serial
interface must be installed in the host system.
To Make Serial Connection:
1.
Select [New] from the [File] menu. New Session Properties dialog box is displayed.
2.
Enter a session name in [Session].
3.
Select SERIAL from [Protocols] list.
4.
Select [SERIAL] from [Category].
5.
Select the RS232C serial port number connected with PC where Xshell is installed from [Port].
6.
Select communication speed in [Baud Rate]. The value must match the server value. In
general, 9600 is used.
7.
Select the transferred data unit bit count in [Data Bits]. It must match the server value.
8.
Select number of bits to indicate the end of data unit in [Stop Bits]. Make a selection
according to server settings.
9.
[Parity] is to verify errors in transferred data. Select one from none, odd, even, mark and
space according to server settings.
10. Create a new session by clicking [OK].
11. Make a connection as described in ‘Connection with Sessions’ with the created session.
Connection with MIT Kerberos
To authenticate with Kerberos and Xshell, there are few things that needs to be set up beforehand.
Xshell 5 is tested with MIT Kerberos server version 5 and MIT Kerberos module for Windows. This
article assumes that you have working Kerberos server and client.
To create a new Kerberos session,
1.
Select [New] from the [File] menu
2.
Enter a session name in Name].
3.
Select SSH from [Protocols] list.
4.
Select [Authentication] from [Category].
5.
Select Kerberos (MIT Kerberos GSSAPI.dll) from the Method list.
24 | Connection
6.
Enter the user name.
7.
Click OK to save.
8.
Select the session file you just created and click Connect.
You have finished creating a session that will use the MIT kerberos module. When this session
opens, it will try to use the Kerberos credential for the specified user. It has to be the same user
you defined in the Network Identity Manager.
Proxy Setting
Proxy server mediates between a network to which a user belongs and an external network to be
connected with.
Add, edit and delete a proxy server in Proxy List dialog box.
To Add Proxy Server:
1.
In [Connection > Proxy] category of Session Properties dialog box, click [Browse] in [Proxy
Server].
2.
Click [Add] in Proxy List dialog box. Proxy Settings dialog box is displayed.
3.
Enter proxy server name, proxy server type, host information and user information.
4.
Press [OK] to add proxy server.
Connection | 25
Security
Xshell provides public key user authentication. Host key and user key database created in Xshell
may be used in Xmanager and Xftp programs. Once a public key is created, it may be used in
other programs without an additional configuration.
Public Key User Authentication
For public key user authentication, a pair of user keys must be created comprising a public key and
a private key. While public key authentication is carried out, the private key is used by Xshell to
create user signature and the public key is used by SSH server to check the signature.
A user key may be created from SSH server or Xshell. If the user key is created from server, the
private key must be registered in the Xshell private key repository using Xshell import. If the
user key is created from Xshell, the public key must be registered in the server.
To Create a User Key:
1.
Select [New User Key Wizard] from the [Tools] menu.
2.
Create a user key according to instructions given by the New User Key Wizard.
Note
Register a public key on a server at the last stage of key creation. Registration methods vary
depending on server types.
•
SSH1: Copy the public key text and save it to $HOME/.SSH/authorized_keys file. Execute
the following command to turn off the write permission of the files and directories.
$ cd
$ chmod go-w . .SSH .SSH/authorized_keys
•
SSH2-OpenSSH: OpenSSH servers use this format. Copy the public key text and save it
to $HOME/.SSH/authorized_keys2 file. Execute the following command to turn off the
write permission of the files and directories.
$ cd
$ chmod go-w . .SSH .SSH/authorized_keys2
•
SSH2-IETF SECSH: Certain commercial SSH servers, such as ssh.com server, use this
format. Save a public key under an intrinsic name, such as mypublickey.pub and copy it
to $HOME/.ssh2 directory. Add the following line to $HOME/.ssh2/authorization file:
Key mypublickey.pub
Execute the following command to turn off the write permission of the files and directories.
$ cd
$ chmod go-w . .ssh2
$ chmod go-w .ssh2/authorization .ssh2/mypublickey.pub
To Register Public Key in Server:
1.
Open the User Keys dialog box by selecting [User Key Manager] from the [Tools] menu.
2.
Select a user key to register.
3.
Click [Properties]. User Key Properties dialog box is displayed.
26 | Security
4.
Click the [Public Key] tab.
5.
Select an appropriate type from the [Public Key Format] list.
6.
Click [Save as a file] to save or copy the key content and register the key to the server
according to the public key registration method above.
To Change Passphrase to User Key:
1.
Open the User Keys dialog box.
2.
Select a user key for which to change the passphrase.
3.
Click [Properties]. User Key Properties dialog box is displayed.
4.
Click the [General] tab.
5.
Click [Change Passphrase].
Note
Import, export, rename, delete and create a user key in the ‘User Keys Dialog Box’.
User Keys Dialog Box
The User Keys dialog box enables the creation and management of user keys. Open this dialog
box by selecting [User Key Manager] from the [Tools] menu.
Import
Select a user key file and import it by opening the Open dialog box. At present, Xshell can read
the SSH1 protocol RSA key, the OpenSSH SSH2 protocol RSA/DSA key, the SSH.com key and the
NetSarang Computer user key formats(*.pri).
Export
Save a selected user key file by opening the Save dialog box. Exported file types are NetSarang
user key or OpenSSH SSH2 format. NetSarang Computer user key format files(*.pri) can be used
in programs developed by NetSarang Computer, Inc.
Delete
Delete a selected user key from database.
Rename
Rename a selected user key. Key name must be valid as a file name.
Properties
Show user key attributes. Type, length, fingerprint, and public key may be viewed, and the key
passphrase may be changed.
Create
Open the New User Key Wizard.
Security | 27
Host Key Management
A host key is a remote host public key, and users can verify the host via its fingerprint. When a
connection is made, the remote host sends its public key to Xshell. When the host key is valid and
you trust it, you can save the host key to the database in Xshell. If a host key is not saved in the
database, the SSH Security Warning dialog box will appear when you try to connect to the host.
SSH Security Warning Dialog Box
The SSH Security Warning dialog box is displayed when a remote host key is not saved in the
host key database or the fingerprints of the remote host key and the saved host key are different.
Accept Once
Accept host key for this connection only. The host key is not saved and the same dialog box opens
at the next connection. This is useful when a server host key changes often or the user rarely
connects to the server.
Accept and Save
Save host key and continuously process connection. This dialog box does not open on the next
connection. This is useful when the fingerprint is correct and the user connects to the host
frequently.
Cancel
Host key is not accepted and connection is cancelled.
Host Keys Dialog Box
The Host Keys dialog box permits users to manage host keys of remote hosts to which connection
is allowed.
Import
Import a host key by opening the Open dialog box. The imported host key is saved in the host key
database. Files saved in the SECSH public key format can be imported.
Export
Export a selected host key by opening the Save dialog box. The exported keys are saved in the
SECSH public key format and can be used in other programs.
Delete
Delete a selected host key from database.
View
Open a selected host key with notepad.
28 | Security
Tab Management
Xshell has powerful tab management feature. You can connect to multiple hosts and compare
them side by side from a single window. Powerful tab management is a unique Xshell feature that
cannot be found in other terminal emulators.
Each tab is associated to a single terminal and it belongs to a tab group. Tab group is a collection
tabs. A single Xshell window can have multiple tab groups and organize them any way you want.
Tab
There are several ways you can create a new tab. You can use any of the following methods:
•
Click the [Tab] menu and select [New Tab]
•
Double click on the tab bar in the background.
•
Use the keyboard shortcut, Shift + Alt + N.
To close a Tab
1.
Click the x button on tab.
To close a tab from Terminal
1.
While connect to the remote host, enter ‘exit’.
2.
In Xshell local shell, type ‘exit’ again.
Note
To close a tab from Terminal, you have not select the [Revert to local shell when connection is
closed] option in the [Options] dialog box.
Tab Group
Tab group is collection of multiple tabs. Only one tab from the tab group is visible at any given
moment. You can manage multiple tab groups in a single Xshell and it allows comparing different
tabs side by side without switching between applications.
To Create a New Tab Group
1.
Right click on the tab background.
2.
Point to [New Tab Group] and select a location you want to create a new tab group.
Note
If you want to create a new tab group with an existing tab, you can drag a tab to edge of the
terminal until you see the blue marker and drop it.
To Move a Tab to a Different Tab Group
Tab Management | 29
1.
Select a tab you want to move to a new tab group.
2.
While holding down the left mouse button, drag the tab to a different tab group.
3.
Drop the tab to a new tab group.
To Delete a Tab Group
1.
Select a tab group you want to close.
2.
Right click on the tab group in the background.
3.
Select the [Close This Tab Group] option.
Tunneling Service
Xshell provides TCP/IP and X11 forwarding functions, which creates a secure tunnel between a
user’s PC and another computer connected across an unreliable network enviornment and can
therefore safely transmit data.
TCP/IP Port Forwarding
To use port forwarding service via a secure tunnel, define port forwarding rules for each application
program.
Note
For local forwarding, connection to a local PC’s listening port is forwarded to a specific
destination host port.
For remote forwarding, connection to the remote host listening port is forwarded to a specific
destination host port.
Dynamic forwarding works the same as local forwarding. It automatically determines the host
of delivery destination and port according to the SOCKS protocol. The default port number of
SOCKS protocol is 1080.
To Add New Port Forwarding Rule to Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session for which to edit port forwarding rule.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Select [Connection > SSH > Tunneling] from [Category].
5.
Click [Add] to open the Forwarding Rule dialog box.
6.
Select connection type from the [Type] list.
7.
Enter localhost or IP address in [Source Host].
8.
Enter port number in [Listening Port] or select a service name.
9.
Enter the name of the host or IP address where the server program operates in [Destination
Host].
10. Enter port number where server program is waiting in [Destination Port].
30 | Tunneling Service
11. Enter a description of the forwarding rule in [Description].
12. Click [OK].
To Change Forwarding Rule:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select session for which to edit port forwarding rule.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Select [Connection > SSH > Tunneling] from [Category].
5.
Select a forwarding rule to change.
6.
Click [Edit].
To Remove Port Forwarding Rule:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select session for which to edit port forwarding rule.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Select [Connection > SSH > Tunneling] from [Category].
5.
Select a forwarding rule to remove.
6.
Click [Remove].
X11 Forwarding
X11 forwarding is a special TCP/IP port forwarding case. The X11 protocol is used by PC X server
software and the connection is established to a user PC from a remote host. It is thus the reverse
situation from other client programs, such as email or telnet. Using X11 forwarding, remote X11
application programs can be used in a user’s PC via a secure encoding tunnel without complicated
port forwarding setting.
To use the X11 forwarding service, you should configure both Xshell and SSH server.
To Activate X11 Forwarding in Xshell:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session for which to activate X11 forwarding.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Select [Connection > SSH > Tunneling] from [Category].
5.
Select [Forward X11 Connections to].
6.
If Xmanager® is installed in the user’s PC, select [Xmanager]. If another PC X server is used,
select [X DISPLAY] and enter an appropriate DISPLAY.
7.
Click [OK].
Note
In Xmanager, Xshell automatically finds X DISPLAY option. In other PC X server programs, the
option must be set directly. If PC X server uses TCP 6000 port, DISPLAY is set as ‘localhost:0.0’.
To Activate X11 Forwarding in OpenSSH Server:
1.
Open the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file.
Tunneling Service | 31
2.
Set X11Forwarding option value as follows:
X11Forwarding
yes
3.
Restart SSH server.
To Activate X11 Forwarding in Ssh.com Server:
1.
Open the /etc/ssh2/sshd2_config file.
2.
Set AllowX11Forwarding option value as follows:
AllowX11Forwarding
yes
3.
Restart SSH server.
SOCKS4/5 Dynamic Port Forwarding
Dynamic port forwarding is a method to forward a local network connection to an SSH server,
where the destination host and port are automatically determined by the SOCKS protocol. Using
dynamic port forwarding, Xshell can operate as a SOCKS proxy server.
To Add New Dynamic Port Forwarding Rule to Session:
1.
Open the Sessions dialog box.
2.
Select a session for which to edit port forwarding rule.
3.
Click the standard [Properties] button.
4.
Select [Connection > SSH > Tunneling] from [Category].
5.
Open the Forwarding Rule dialog box by clicking [Add].
6.
Select Dynamic (SOCKS4/5) from [Type] list.
7.
Enter port number in [Listening Port] or select a service name. The SOCKS proxy server
default port is 1080.
8.
Click [OK].
Note
For dynamic port forwarding, the destination host and port do not need to be entered.
Instant Tunneling
Instant tunneling enables users to add, remove, suspend, and resume a forwarding rule while a
session is connected. The current session tunneling status can be checked in the tunneling pane.
To view the tunneling pane, select [Tunneling Pane] from the [View] menu.
To Add Port Forwarding Rule in Tunneling pane:
1.
Click the [Forwarding Rules] tab in tunneling pane.
2.
Right-click on the list.
3.
Select [Add] from menu. Forwarding Rule dialog box is displayed.
Note
Newly added rules are applied to the current connection. Unless you save the rules, they are
deleted when the connection is closed.
32 | Tunneling Service
To Remove Port Forwarding Rule from Tunneling pane:
1.
Click the [Forwarding Rules] tab in tunneling pane.
2.
Right-click on a rule to remove from the [Forwarding Rules] list.
3.
Select [Remove] from menu.
To Suspend Port Forwarding Rule:
1.
Click the [Forwarding Rules] tab in tunneling pane.
2.
Right-click on a rule to suspend from the [Forwarding Rules] list.
3.
Select [Suspend] from menu.
To Retry Port Forwarding Rule:
1.
Click the [Forwarding Rules] tab in tunneling pane.
2.
Right-click on a rule to resume in the [Forwarding Rules] list.
3.
Select [Resume] from menu.
Note
Resume can only be executed for a previously suspended rule.
Tunneling Service | 33
Terminal Window Operations
Xshell provides a succinct and powerful terminal window enabling users to simultaneously use the
remote terminal and local prompt command interface. Terminal window provides a range of
convenient functions, such as copy & paste, find character string, change font and font color, and
advanced terminal options.
Copy and Paste
To Select a Character String:
1.
Do one of the following:
•
Press the left mouse button at the starting point of an area to select. While pressing the
button, move the mouse to the end of the area to be selected and release the button. The
selected character string is displayed in an inverted color.
•
Click the left mouse button at the starting point of an area to select. Move mouse to the
end of the area. While pressing Shift key, press the left button once again.
•
Double-click a word to select. The double-clicked word is selected.
•
Click a row to select quickly three times. The entire row is selected.
To Select Character String in Column Unit:
1.
Press Alt key.
2.
Press the left mouse button at the starting point of an area to select. While pressing the
button, move to the end of the area to select and release the button.
To Copy Selected Character String to Windows Clipboard:
1.
Select a character string to copy.
2.
Do one of the following:
•
Click the [Smart Selection] button and select [Copy].
•
Select [Copy] from the [Edit] menu.
•
Click the standard [Copy] button.
•
Press Ctrl+Insert key.
•
If [Copy Selected Texts to the Clipboard Automatically] is set in options, the selected text
is automatically copied.
To Copy Selected Character String to Notepad:
1.
Select a character string to copy.
2.
Do one of the following:
•
Click the [Smart Selection] button and select [To Notepad].
•
Point to [To Notepad] in the [Edit] menu and select [Selected Area].
Note
The scroll buffer and current screen may be copied as well as the selected character strings. A
34 | Terminal Window Operations
notepad window is automatically displayed with the copied text. This does not copy character
strings to the clipboard.
To Paste Clipboard Contents to Terminal Screen:
1.
Do one of the following:
•
•
•
•
Select [Paste] from the [Edit] menu.
Click the standard [Paste] button.
Press Shift+Insert key.
If Paste the clipboard contents is selected for middle or right mouse button operation, click
the corresponding mouse button.
To Set Xterm Style Copy and Paste:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Keyboard and Mouse] tab.
3.
Select [Mouse] – [Middle Button] operation as Paste the clipboard contents.
4.
Select [Selection] - [Copy Selected Texts to the Clipboard Automatically].
5.
Click [OK].
Note
When a character string is selected, xterm program copies it to clipboard. When the middle
mouse button is pressed, it is pasted to terminal screen.
Find String
Search scroll buffer using a specific keyword or a regular expression.
To Find with Keyword:
1.
Select [Find] from the [Edit] menu.
2.
Enter a keyword in Find dialog box.
3.
Click [Find Next].
To Find with Regular Expression:
1.
Select [Find] from the [Edit] menu.
2.
Enter a keyword in Find dialog box.
3.
Select [Regular Expression].
4.
Click [Find Next].
Note
For detailed information on regular expression, see ‘Regular Expression’.
Font Change
In terminal screen, characters must be displayed in rows and columns. In Xshell, only fixed width
fonts may be selected.
Terminal Window Operations | 35
To Change Terminal Font and the Font Size:
1.
Do one of the following:
•
•
Click the standard [Fonts] button and select a font and the font size.
Select [Appearance] in Session Properties dialog box and select a font and the font size.
To Change Bold Text:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Appearance] from [Category].
3.
Select an option from [Bold] field.
Note
As for Bold, either colors or bold font or both may be used.
Font Color and Background Color Setting
In a color scheme, font colors, background colors and ANSI 16 colors are saved. Xshell enables
users to select/change color schemes anytime while using Xshell. The selected color scheme is
applied immediately.
To Change Terminal Color:
1.
Do one of the following:
•
Click the standard [Color Schemes] button to display the Select Color Scheme dialog
box. Select a color scheme in the dialog box and click [OK].
•
Select [Appearance] from [Category] in Session Properties dialog box, select a color
scheme from the [Color Scheme] and click [OK].
Note
Xshell provides several default color schemes. Users may edit the existing color schemes or
create new color schemes.
To Create New Color Scheme:
1.
Open the Select Color Scheme dialog box.
2.
Click [New]. A new color scheme is added to the list.
3.
Select the new color scheme created.
4.
Click [Edit]. Edit Color Scheme dialog box is displayed.
To Edit Color Scheme:
1.
Open the Select Color Scheme dialog box.
2.
Select a color scheme to edit.
3.
Click [Edit]. Edit Color Scheme dialog box is displayed.
4.
Select colors for normal text in [Normal Text].
5.
Select colors for bold text in [Bold Text]. In general, colors lighter than the normal text are
used for bold text.
6.
[ANSI Colors] is used to express ANSI color code in terminal. The colors on top are for normal
36 | Terminal Window Operations
text, such as black, red, green, yellow, blue, magenta, cyan and white, and the colors on the
bottom are for bold text.
To Export Color Scheme:
1.
Open the Select Color Scheme dialog box.
2.
Select a color scheme to export.
3.
Click [Export]. Save dialog box is displayed.
4.
Select a folder and enter the file name to save.
5.
Click [Save].
Note
Exported file is in ‘.xcs’ format and may be used in Xshell only. A number of color schemes
may be saved in a single file. The color scheme names are also saved in the file.
To Import Color Scheme:
1.
Open the Select Color Scheme dialog box.
2.
Click [Import]. Open dialog box is displayed.
3.
Select a color scheme file (.xcs) to import.
4.
Click [Open].
Cursor Change
To Change Cursor Color:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Appearance] from [Category].
3.
Select [Cursor Color] value.
4.
Select [Text Color] value.
5.
Click [OK].
To Change Cursor Blinking:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Appearance] from [Category].
3.
Select or deselect [Use blinking cursor].
4.
Click [OK].
To Change Cursor Blinking Speed:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Appearance] from [Category].
3.
Check [Use blinking cursor].
4.
Enter cursor blinking speed by millisecond in [Speed].
5.
Click [OK].
Terminal Window Operations | 37
Window Handling
To Minimize to Notification Area:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Advanced] tab.
3.
Check [Minimize to the notification area] in [Window] options.
4.
Save changes by clicking [OK].
To Minimize to Notification Area at Startup:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Advanced] tab.
3.
Check [Minimize to the notification area at Xshell startup] in [Window] options.
4.
Save changes by clicking [OK].
To Exit Xshell when All Connections are Closed:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Advanced] tab.
3.
Check [Exit Xshell when all connections are closed] in [Session] options.
4.
Click [OK].
To Exit to Local Shell when Connections are Closed:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Advanced] tab.
3.
Check [Revert to local shell when connection is closed] in [Session] options.
4.
Click [OK].
To Create New Xshell Window:
1.
Select [New Window] from the [Window] menu.
To Move to Another Xshell Window:
1.
Select [Next] or [Previous] from the [Window] menu.
Note
The same function may be executed using Alt+Right and Alt+Left keys.
To Close All Xshell Windows Simultaneously:
1.
Select [Close All] from the [Window] menu.
To Close All Xshell Windows Except the Current Window:
1.
Select [Close All but This] from the [Window] menu.
Multi-session Handling
‘Multi-session’ enables users to work and move between sessions using the sessions tab or
38 | Terminal Window Operations
sessions bar while maintaining multiple connections in a single Xshell window.
To Open the Multiple Sessions in Single Xshell Window:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click the [Advanced] tab.
3.
Check [Open multiple sessions in a single Xshell window] in [Session] options.
4.
Save changes by clicking [OK].
To Create New Connection in Sessions Tab:
1.
Click the [+(Add Tab)] button at the far left of the sessions tab.
2.
Select one from sessions list. The selected session is opened in a new tab.
To Create New Connection in Sessions Bar:
1.
Click an icon at the far left of the sessions bar.
2.
Select one from the sessions list. The selected session is opened in a new tab.
Note
To create a new connection, use a session as described in ‘Session Management’ or try a
connection without a session.
To Connect with a Remote Computer by Entering a Command in Local Shell:
1.
To open a local shell, click the [+(Add Tab)] button of the sessions tab and select [Local Shell]
or double-click a blank in the sessions tab.
2.
In the local command prompt, connect to a remote computer using commands, such as ssh,
telnet and sftp. For details on using command, enter ‘?’.
Note
For detailed information on local commands, see ‘Xshell Local Command’.
To Move Between Sessions at Multi-session Connection:
1.
Do one of the following:
•
•
•
•
Click a sessions tab.
Click a session button from the sessions bar.
Use Ctrl+Tab, Shift+Tab or Ctrl+Shift+Tab.
Move between sessions using Alt+’session number’.
To Connect with Session in New Xshell Window:
1.
Select [New Terminal] from the [Window] menu or click the standard [New Terminal] button.
A new Xshell window opens and connection is attempted with the same session information
as the currently connected session.
Quick Command Sets Setting
By designating frequently used character strings as quick commands, Users can avoid repeated
keyboard inputs and use simple mouse clicks to execute the commands. To display quick
commands bar, check [Quick Commands] in the [View] menu.
Terminal Window Operations | 39
To Add Quick Command Set:
1.
Select [Quick Command Sets] in the [Tools] menu. Quick Command Sets dialog box is
displayed.
2.
Click [New].
3.
Enter the new quick command set name.
Note
To open the Quick Command Sets dialog box, click the [Quick Command Set] button(an icon
at the far left) in the quick commands bar and select [Browse] from the list.
To Add Quick Command on Quick Commands Bar:
1.
Click an undefined Quick Command button in the quick commands bar or press a shortcut key
(Ctrl+F1, etc.). Edit Quick Command dialog box is displayed.
2.
Enter the quick command name in [Label] and a frequently used command or character string
in [Action] area.
3.
Click [OK].
Note
To edit the quick command set displayed in the quick commands bar, click the [Quick
Command Set] button(an icon at the far left) on the bar and select [Edit] from the list. Edit
Quick Command Set dialog box is displayed.
The order of quick commands listed in the quick command bar can be changed by dragging
button.
To Add Quick Command to Quick Command Set:
1.
Select [Quick Command Sets] from the [Tools] menu. Quick Command Sets dialog box is
displayed.
2.
Select a quick command set to which a quick command is to be added.
3.
Click [Edit]. Edit Quick Command Set dialog box is displayed.
4.
Select a quick command and click [Edit]. Edit Quick Command dialog box is displayed.
5.
Enter the quick command name in [Label] and a frequently used command or character string
in [Action] area.
Note
You can use the %HOSTNAME variable to pass the host name of your PC. For example, if the
host name for your PC is ‘COMPUTER_A’, then if you use ‘echo %HOSTNAME’, ‘echo
COMPUTER_A’ will be sent.
6.
Click [OK].
7.
To add more quick commands, repeat the process from 4 to 6.
8.
Click [OK] in Edit Quick Command Set dialog box.
Note
In Edit Quick Command Set dialog box, add, delete, and edit quick commands. The order of
40 | Terminal Window Operations
quick commands listed in the quick command bar may be changed.
To Display Another Quick Command Set in Quick Commands Bar:
1.
Click the [Quick Command Set] button(an icon at the far left) in quick commands bar and
select a quick command set from the list. The buttons from the selected quick command set
are listed.
To Select Quick Command Set Displayed when Session is Started:
1.
Open the session’s Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Advanced] from [Category].
3.
Select a quick command set to be used in session.
4.
Press [Browse] and select the quick command set or create a new quick command set in
Quick Command Sets dialog box.
5.
Click [OK].
Terminal Output Encoding Change
Xshell uses the default user language in Windows system. Users can select and use various
encodings which differ from the Windows system according to remote host encoding.
To Change Session Encoding:
1.
2.
Do one of the following:
•
Click the standard [Encoding] button and select an encoding to use.
•
Open the Session Properties dialog box and select [Terminal] from [Category] and
select an encoding from the [Encoding] list.
Display UTF-8 Encoding:
•
If a remote computer is set to support unicode (UTF-8) and to use UTF-8, use ‘Unicode
(UTF-8)’ as encoding. UTF-8 encoding enables simultaneous output of character sets in
various languages.
Note
To correctly display the selected encoding, the selected encoding language pack must be
installed in the Windows system concerned.
Encoding option does not change keyboard input values. If necessary, install the appropriate
IME (Input Method Editor) provided by Windows.
Advanced Terminal Options Setting
To Change Scroll Buffer Size:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Terminal] from [Category].
3.
Enter number of rows to use in [Scroll Buffer].
4.
Click [OK].
Terminal Window Operations | 41
Note
Scroll buffer size is a value between 0 and 2,147,483,647. 0 means that scroll buffer is not
used.
To Change Terminal Type:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Terminal] from [Category].
3.
Select a terminal type from [Terminal Type].
4.
Click [OK].
To Change Size at Terminal Startup:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Terminal] from [Category].
3.
Check [Use the following terminal size when connected] from the [Emulation] area.
4.
Enter column size in [Columns].
5.
Enter row size in [Rows].
6.
Click [OK].
To Change Keypad Mode:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Terminal > VT Modes] from [Category].
3.
Select [Normal] or [Application] from [Initial Numeric Keypad Mode].
4.
Click [OK].
Layout Management
Layout management enables users to save Xshell window layout according to their preference. In
Manage Layout dialog box, change names or delete the saved layouts.
To Save Layout of the Current Xshell Window:
1.
Select [Layout] from the [View] menu and select [Save As].
2.
Enter [New name] in Save As dialog box.
3.
Click [OK].
To Change Xshell Window to Another Layout:
•
•
Select [Layout] from the [View] menu and select one from the layouts list.
Press Alt+L to select one from the layouts list.
To Manage Registered Layouts List:
1.
Select [Layout] from the [View] menu and select [Manage].
2.
Delete the layout or rename it in Manage Layout dialog box.
42 | Terminal Window Operations
Options Setting
In the Options dialog box, set global options applied to all sessions. The dialog box may be
opened by selecting [Options] in the [Tools] menu.
Session Folder and Startup Session
The Xshell session folder path can be changed. In the Sessions dialog box, all sessions of the
changed path are displayed. Select a network folder to share sessions with other users.
To Change Session Folder:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Enter [Session Folder Path] in the [General] tab.
To Register Sessions to Open at Startup:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click [Add] under the [Sessions to open at startup] list in the [General] tab.
3.
Select a session file from Open dialog box.
History Clearing and Connection Log
In Clear History dialog box, clear history of address bar, compose bar, search keyword, local shell
and connection log. In History Settings dialog box, designate a file to save connection log
settings.
To Clear History:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click [Clear] in the [General] tab.
3.
Select contents to clear from Clear History dialog box.
4.
Click [Clear].
To Save Connection Log:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Click [History] - [Settings] in the [General] tab.
3.
Select [Log connection information on the following file.] from History Settings dialog box.
4.
Enter a file to save information about connection server, connection protocol, connection time,
exit time and connection time.
Key Mapping Setting
In Custom Key Mapping dialog box, currently set shortcut key combinations are listed. The user
can add, delete, and edit key combinations.
To Change Key Mapping:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
Options Setting | 43
2.
Click the [Keyboard and Mouse] tab.
3.
Click [Edit] in [Key Mapping]. Custom Key Mapping dialog box is displayed.
4.
Select a key combination to change from [Current Key Setting] and click [Edit].
5.
Select one from Menu, Send String, Run Script or Launch Application in [Type].
6.
Enter the selected menu or character string in [Action].
7.
Click [OK].
Mouse Setting
The middle and right mouse button actions can be individually selected. The delimiters to be used
when selecting a word by double-clicking can be designated.
To Change Mouse Button Operation:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Select one of the middle mouse button actions from the [Keyboard and Mouse] tab.
3.
•
Do nothing.
•
Open the popup menu.
•
Paste the clipboard contents (default value).
•
Open Properties dialog.
Select one of the right button actions. The default action is [Open the popup menu].
To Change Delimiter for Selection by Double-clicking:
1.
Open the Options dialog box.
2.
Enter a delimiter to use when selecting a word in the [Keyboard and Mouse] tab [Selection]
field.
Transparency Setting
Xshell offers transparency setting.
To Set Window to Appear Transparent:
1.
Select [Transparent] from the [View] menu.
2.
Open the Options dialog box.
3.
Set transparency in the [View] tab.
4.
Set [Opacity]. The smaller the opacity is, the more transparent the Xshell window becomes.
5.
If [Make window opaque on mouse over] option is selected, Xshell window is displayed
opaque while mouse is over the window even when it is set to display Xshell window
transparent.
6.
If [Always on Top when it is transparent] option is selected, Xshell window is displayed at the
top of all windows.
Master Password Settings
Master password can be used to save password more securely using the user defined master
password. Xshell saves all password information in encrypted format. Since password is encrypted
using a fixed key, it has a risk of being exploited by hackers. When master password is enabled
44 | Options Setting
and user enters in the master password, it is mixed in during password encryption adding.
Master password uses user defined keyword to encrypt the password section of the session data.
When master password is enabled, Xshell asks for the master password everytime a new Xshell
instance is started and a session is open. If you fail to provide the correct master password, you
have to enter the password manually.
Note
Be sure to remember your master password. If you lose your master password, there is no
way to retrieve the password information stored in the session files.
To Enable Master Password
1.
Click on the Tools menu and then select Options.
2.
Select the Security tab.
3.
Select the Use a Master Password option.
4.
In the Master Password dialog box, enter a new master password in the New Password field.
5.
In the Confirm Password field, enter the new password one more time.
6.
Click OK to save the changes.
Once master password enabled, all sessions saved in the default location are re-encrypted using
the new master password.
To Change Master Password
1.
Click on the Tools menu and then select Options.
2.
Select the Security tab.
3.
In the Master Password section, click the Change Master Password button.
4.
Enter the current password in the Current Password field.
5.
Enter a new password in the New Password field.
6.
Enter the new password one more time in the Confirm Password field.
7.
Click OK to save the changes.
To Disable Master Password
1.
Click on the Tools menu and then select Options.
2.
Select the Security tab.
3.
Clear the Use a Master Password option.
4.
In the Master Password dialog box, enter the master password.
Note
When you disable Master Password, all sessions in the default location are re-encrypted by
suing the default encryption algorithm.
Screen Lock Settings
You can lock terminal screen while you are away from the PC to protect your session from
unwanted use. When terminal is locked, terminal screen changes to grey color and user cannot
Options Setting | 45
interact with terminal until correct password is received. Once screen is locked, you cannot pass
any data to the terminal. Xshell cannot be closed until correct password is received. However,
connection will stay open and data will be still updated in the terminal.
To Lock Screen
1.
Click on the View menu and select Lock Screen.
2.
Enter new password to use when unlocking the screen.
3.
Confirm password.
4.
Click OK to save the changes.
Auto Lock
Auto Lock can be used to lock terminal screen automtacially after awhile if there is no interaction
with the terminal. This feature is especially useful if you are using your computer in an open area.
To Enable Auto Unlock
1.
Click on the Tools menu and then select Options.
2.
Click on the Security tab.
3.
In the Screen Lock section, select the Automatically lock screen option.
4.
Enter number of minutes Xshell should wait before automatically going to lock mode.
Live Update Settings
Live update allows checking for software update at interval defined by the user. By default, it
checks for a new update every 2 weeks. When the [Check for updates automatically] option is
enabled, Xshell checks for the updates with NetSarang server when it opens up.
To Enable Live Update
1.
Click on the Tools menu and then select Options.
2.
Click on the Update tab.
3.
Select the Check for updates automatically option.
4.
Enter the number of days you want to wait until Xshell checks for updates again.
5.
Click OK to save the changes.
Note
You can always check for updates manually by selecting the Check for Updates in the Help
menu.
Advanced Settings
Advanced options can be set in the Options dialog box [Advanced] tab.
Switch to English input when ESC key is pressed
When ESC key is pressed to move to command mode while entering Korean in certain applications,
such as vi and vim, the status is automatically changed to English input mode.
46 | Options Setting
Disable bell
Set not to use bell ringers.
Use the Smart select button for easy copy and file download
Show or hide the [Smart Selection] button when selecting a terminal area with a mouse.
Minimize to the notification area
When Xshell is minimized, it is minimized to the notification area.
Show session tab in full screen mode
Show the sessions tab in full screen mode.
Show scroll bar in full screen mode
Show scroll bar in full screen mode.
Arrange cascade windows in current window size
Uses the current window size to cascade Xshell windows. When this option is not selected, Xshell
windows are cascaded in default size.
Run Xshell at Windows startup
Xshell is automatically started when Windows is started.
Minimize to the notification area at Xshell startup
Minimize to the notification area when Xshell is started.
Open the Sessions dialog box at Xshell startup
Open the Sessions dialog box when Xshell is started.
Use Alt key to access menu
Open the menu by pressing Alt key.
Open the multiple Sessions in a single Xshell window
Open the multiple sessions in a single Xshell window. Move between sessions using the session
tab or session bar.
Confirm to close connection when Xshell is terminated
Ask whether or not to terminate connected sessions when a program is terminated.
Make sure whether to disconnect when session is terminated
Ask whether to disconnect at session termination.
Revert to local shell when connection is closed
The session tab is maintained in local shell status when a connection is closed. In a local shell
session, the Xshell prompt is displayed in terminal screen and local commands, such as open,
telnet, ssh and ping can be executed. To view a list of commands, execute help or ? in the Xshell
prompt.
Options Setting | 47
Exit Xshell when all connections are Closed
When all connections are closed, Xshell program is ended.
48 | Options Setting
File Transfer
Xshell allows sending or receiving files using SFTP and ZMODEM protocols.
File Transfer Using SFTP
SFTP is an SSH-based file transfer protocol. Compared to ZMODEM, it supports a safer and faster
file transfer.
To Receive File with SFTP:
1.
Connect with a host from which to receive a file using sftp command in local prompt.
Xshell:\> sftp hostname
2.
Receive a file using get command in sftp prompt.
sftp:/home/user21> get filename
To Send File with SFTP:
1.
Connect with a host to which to send a file using sftp command in local prompt.
Xshell:\> sftp hostname
2.
Send a file using put command in sftp prompt.
sftp:/home/user21> put filename
File Transfer Using ZMODEM
Files transferred via ZMODEM are saved in a folder designated by a user. Users may designate
different folders each time files are received.
To Receive File with ZMODEM:
1.
Execute the following command in a remote host prompt:
$ sz file1 file2 …
Note
If [Activate ZMODEM automatically] is set in the Session Properties, the file receive process will
be started automatically, and the following process in No. 2 and 3 can be omitted.
2.
Point to [Transfer] in the [File] menu.
3.
Select [Receive with ZMODEM].
Note
File Transfer | 49
If the sz command does not exist in a remote host, users must install it directly. In most cases,
similar commands exist.
To Receive File with ZMODEM in Xshell Terminal:
1.
Select the name of a file to download in the Xshell terminal window. The [Smart Selection]
button is displayed around the selected file name.
2.
Click the [Smart Selection] button.
3.
Select [Download with ZMODEM].
To Send File with ZMODEM:
1.
Execute the following command in remote prompt:
$ rz
Note
If [Activate ZMODEM automatically] is set in the Session Properties, the file send process will
be started automatically, and the following process in No. 2 and 3 can be omitted.
2.
Point to [Transfer] in the [File] menu.
3.
Select [Send with ZMODEM].
4.
Select a file to send.
5.
To send a file as ASCII, select [Send File as ASCII].
6.
Click [Open].
To Send File with ZMODEM Using Drag & Drop:
1.
Select a Windows file to upload.
2.
Drag the file and drop it in Xshell terminal window.
File transfer is carried out automatically.
To Change Default Folder to Save File:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [ZMODEM] from [Category].
3.
Select [Use the following download path] from [Receive folder].
4.
Open the Browse For Folder dialog box by clicking […] button of [Download Path] and select
a folder where the received files are to be saved.
5.
Click [OK].
To View Received File:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [ZMODEM] from [Category].
3.
Click [Open] in the [Receive folder] field.
File Transfer Using Xftp
Xshell is interoperable with Xftp, a NetSarang Computer Inc. file transfer program to enable fast
and convenient FTP/SFTP connection with a host currently connected with Xshell.
50 | File Transfer
To Create a Xftp Connection with a Host Currently Connected via Xshell:
1.
Connect with the host of a file to be transferred using Xshell.
2.
Select [New File Transfer] from the [Window] menu. Or, click the standard [New File Transfer]
button.
Note
If a protocol Xshell uses is SSH, Xftp attempts SFTP connection. If the protocol used by
Xshell is TELNET or RLOGIN, Xftp attempts FTP connection.
File Transfer | 51
Session Logging and Tracing
Xshell allows users to log the entire transcript of a session to a file. Trace may be used for
debugging.
Session Logging
To Log Character Strings Only:
1.
Point to [Log] in the [File] menu.
2.
Select [Start]. Save As dialog box is displayed.
3.
Enter the file name where log data is to be saved.
4.
Clear [Record terminal code as well as normal text].
5.
Click [Save].
Note
Logging continues until a session ends. To stop logging without ending a session, select [Stop]
from the [File] – [Log] menu.
To Log Character Strings with Terminal Codes:
1.
Point to [Log] in the [File] menu.
2.
Select [Start]. Save As dialog box is displayed.
3.
Enter the file name where log data is to be saved.
4.
Check [Record terminal code as well as normal text].
5.
Click [Save].
To Start Logging at Session Connection:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Advanced > Logging] from [Category].
3.
Select [Start logging upon connection].
4.
Designate the folder or file name where the log is to be saved.
5.
Click [OK].
Session Tracing
Using the trace option, trace protocol control data is exchanged with a remote host.
For SSH protocols, user authentication and algorithm exchange details may be displayed on the
terminal screen. For TELNET protocols, the exchange of various options can be traced. This is
useful when problems occur in connection with a remote host.
To Turn on or Turn off Trace Function:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Advanced > Trace] from the [Category].
3.
Select options appropriately.
52 | Session Logging and Tracing
4.
Click [OK].
Session Logging and Tracing | 53
Printing
Xshell provides the ability to print text in a terminal window via a local printer. Xshell uses fonts
and colors used in a terminal window for printing. The printing paper margins can be set in the
Page Setup dialog box.
To Set Paper Size and Direction:
1.
Select [Page Setup] from the [File] menu.
2.
Select an appropriate paper size and direction.
3.
Enter margins.
4.
Click [OK] to save changes.
To Print:
1.
Select [Print] from the [File] menu.
2.
Select printer from the [Name] list.
3.
Click [OK].
54 | Printing
Using Xagent
Xagent is an SSH authentication agent. Xagent holds a user key for public key user
authentication and provides it to Xshell when a user key is required by Xshell.
Xagent retains all user key lists and requests a passphrase input when necessary. When a user
enters a passphrase, Xagent decodes the user key and saves it in memory. Via Xagent, users
may use the same key several times by entering the passphrase once.
Xagent also works as an SSH authentication server for SSH agent forwarding feature. You must
use the SSH agent forwarding feature when connecting to a different remote host from the first
remote host. Basically your private key is only held in your local PC and an SSH client program on
the first server can not connect to a second machine. Using SSH agent forwarding feature, the SSH
client program on the first server requests a private key from Xagent to enter into the second
server.
Note
When Xagent is executed, Xagent icon is created in the notification area. Even when the
Xagent dialog box is closed, Xagent is not closed and keeps running. To close Xagent or
open the Xagent dialog box, use menus on icon in the notification area.
Connecting to Server Through Xagent
To Set Xshell to Use Xagent:
1.
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
2.
Select [Connection > SSH] from [Category].
3.
Select [Use Xagent (SSH agent) for handling passphrase].
4.
Click [OK].
To Connect with SSH Server Through Xagent:
1.
Set Xshell to use Xagent.
2.
Execute Xagent if Xagent is not running.
3.
Connect to SSH server.
In this case, SSH server must support public key user authentication and the public key
section of the user key must be registered on the server.
4.
Passphrase dialog box is displayed. Enter passphrase of the selected user key.
Note
When selecting [Launch Xagent automatically] in [Connection > SSH] setting, the process in
No. 2 above may be omitted. Passphrase dialog box is displayed only when the selected key
status is Close. You can check user key status in Xagent user keys list.
Using the Xagent User Key on a Remote Host
Using Xagent, the SSH client on a remote host can use a user key used by Xshell, which is a user
Using Xagent | 55
key held by Xagent. To use an Xagent user key on a remote host, both Xshell and the remote
host SSH server must support agent-forwarding.
To Activate Agent-Forwarding on the ssh.com Server:
1.
Open the /etc/ssh2/sshd2_config file.
2.
Set value for AllowAgentForwarding option as follows:
AllowAgentForwarding
3.
yes
Restart SSH server.
Note
OpenSSH servers automatically enable the agent forwarding feature unless user specifies the
no-agent-forwarding option.
To Use Xagent Key on the Remote Host:
1.
Set Xshell to use Xagent.
2.
Execute Xagent if Xagent is not running.
3.
Connect to SSH server and login.
Note
If the SSH server supports the agent forwarding feature, the environment variable for agent
forwarding (SSH_AUTH_SOCK or SSH2_AUTH_SOCK) is set to a proper value.
4.
Connect to another server, which supports public key authentication, from the remote server.
5.
When Passphrase dialog box is displayed, enter passphrase to the selected user key.
Note
Passphrase dialog box is displayed only when the selected key status is Close. You can check
user key status in Xagent user keys list.
56 | Using Xagent
Using Scripts
Script is a file that contains a set of commands to be executed at once. Repetitive tasks are
collected in a file and commands may be executed without needing to type them in one by one.
The file is written as a Visual Basic script.
Script Starting and Ending
To Start a Script File:
1.
Point to [Script] in the [Tools] menu and select [Run]. Open dialog box is displayed.
2.
Select a script file.
3.
Click [OK].
To Stop Script File Execution:
1.
Point to [Script] in the [Tools] menu and select [Cancel].
Script API
Xshell provides the following script APIs. Use the APIs to automate repetitive tasks.
xsh.Session
The following functions and variables can be used in Xshell sessions. To use these functions and
variables, execute them together with xsh.Session. For example, to use ‘Sleep()’ function, use
‘xsh.Session.Sleep(1000)’.
Functions
Return
Value
Void
Function
Parameter
Description
Open(LPCTSTR
lpszSession)
lpszSession
Open a new session or URL.
A character string of an Xshell
session path or URL format of
Xshell.
To open a session, place /s
option in front of a character
string.
Ex.) To open the A.xsh session,
use ‘/s $PATH/A.xsh’.
Void
Close()
Void
Sleep(long timeout)
Close the currently connected
session.
Void
void
LogFilePath(LPCTSTR
lpszNewFilePath)
StartLog()
Timeout
Make Xshell wait for the
Milisecond unit time value.
designated time.
lpszNewFilePath
Designate log file.
File name including path
Start logging for a session. Log
is designated with a path
specified in LogFilePath(). If a
Using Scripts | 57
log file path is not designated,
the default path is used.
void
StopLog()
Stop logging.
Variable
Name
Connected
Type
BOOL
Description
LocalAddress
BSTR
Retrieve the local address.
Path
BSTR
Retrieve the current session file path.
RemoteAddress
BSTR
Retrieve the remote address.
RemotePort
long
Retrieve the remote port.
Logging
BOOL
Check whether current session is recording log file.
LogFilePath
BSTR
Save as a log file.
Check whether current session is connected.
xsh.Screen
The following functions and variables can be used when handling of the Xshell terminal screen. To
use these functions and variables, execute them together with the xsh.Screen. For example, to use
‘Clear()’ function, use ‘xsh.Session.Clear()’.
Functions
Return
Value
void
void
BSTR
Function
Parameter
Clear()
Description
Clear terminal screen.
Send(LPCTSTR
lpszStrToSend)
lpszStrToSend
Get(long nBegRow, long
nBegCol, long nEndRow,
long nEndCol)
nBegRow
Read the character string in the
Terminal row starting position
specified terminal section and
return the value.
Send message to terminal.
Character string to send
nBegCol
Terminal column starting
position
nEndRow
Terminal row ending position
nEndCol
Terminal column ending
position
void
Long
WaitForString(LPCTSTR
lpszString)
lpszString
WaitForStrings(VARIANT
FAR* strArray, long
nTimeout)
strArray
58 | Using Scripts
Wait for message.
Character string to be
displayed on the terminal.
Character string to be
displayed on the terminal
Wait for message until timeout.
nTimeout
Wait time millisecond value
Return Value
The number of found strings.
Variable
Name
CurrentColumn
Type
long
Description
CurrentRow
long
Return the current row.
Columns
long
Retrieve the total columns same as terminal width.
Rows
long
Retrieves the total row same as terminal lines
Synchronous
BOOL
Set screen synchronization (True means synchronize
Return the current column.
and false means do not synchronize)
Xsh.Dialog
You can use this to manipulate Xshell terminal screen. To use the following function and variable,
execute it with xsh.Dialog. For example, if you want to use the MsgBox() function, append
xsh.Dialog.MsgBox() in the front like this: xsh.Dialog.MsgBox().
Functions
반환값
Long
함수
MsgBox(LPCTSTR lpszMsg)
파라미터
LpszMsg
설명
Open a message box.
String you want to send.
Script Example
Script file
Sub Main
' *** Connect the session ***
xsh.Session.Open "ssh://192.168.1.17"
' "/s C:\Users\Administor\AppData\Roaming\NetSarang\Xshell\Sessions\example.xsh"
xsh.Screen.Synchronous = true
xsh.Screen.WaitForString "login: "
xsh.Screen.Send "username"
xsh.Screen.Send VbCr
xsh.Session.Sleep 100
Using Scripts | 59
xsh.Screen.WaitForString "Password: "
xsh.Screen.Send "password"
xsh.Screen.Send VbCr
xsh.Session.Sleep 100
' *** Wait for Prompt Message ***
xsh.Screen.WaitForString "[email protected]"
' *** Set File Format ***
Dim app, wb, ws
Set app = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
Set wb = app.Workbooks.Add
set ws = wb.Worksheets(1)
xsh.Session.LogFilePath = "c:\example.log"
xsh.Session.StartLog
Dim waitStrs
waitStrs = Array(Chr(10), "[email protected]") ' make wait message as array
Dim row, screenrow, readline, itmes
row = 1
' *** Send Command ***
xsh.Screen.Send "cat /etc/passwd"
xsh.Screen.Send VbCr
xsh.Session.Sleep 100
Dim result
' *** Read Data and Save it as an EXCEL File ***
Do
While true
result = xsh.Screen.WaitForStrings(waitStrs, 1000)
If result = 2 Then
Exit Do
End If
screenrow = xsh.Screen.CurrentRow - 1
readline = xsh.Screen.Get(screenrow, 1, screenrow, 40)
items
= Split(readline, ":", -1)
ws.Cells(row,1).Value = items(0)
ws.Cells(row,2).Value = items(2)
row = row + 1
Wend
60 | Using Scripts
Loop
wb.SaveAs("C:\chart.xls")
wb.Close
app.Quit
' save file path
Set ws = nothing
Set wb = nothing
Set app = nothing
xsh.Screen.Synchronous = false
xsh.Session.StopLog
End Sub
References
This section provides referential information about using Xshell.
Standard Buttons
Xshell provides standard buttons for the frequently used tasks and commands.
The following are descriptions of the standard buttons.
Button
Name
Description
New
Create a new session by opening New Session Properties
dialog box.
Open
Open the Sessions dialog box.
Disconnect
Close connection with the current session.
Reconnect
Reconnect with the current tab session.
Properties
Show current session properties. If the
session is not opened, default session properties is displayed.
Copy
Copy the selected field to clipboard.
Paste
Paste clipboard contents.
Find
Open the Find dialog box.
Print
Open the Print dialog box.
Color Schemes
Select color scheme.
Encoding
List encodings available with the output language.
References | 61
Button
Name
Description
Fonts
List available font names and sizes. Fonts for the currently
Open the session can be changed. To change the font for
each session, select a session font from the Session
Properties dialog box.
New Terminal
Open the a new Xshell window. Click this button while a
connection is being made to attempt connection using the
corresponding session’s connection information.
New File Transfer
Execute Xftp if Xftp™ is installed. Click this button while a
connection is being made to start a New File Transfer session
with the corresponding session’s connection information. If
Xftp is not installed, the Xshell File Transfer session itself is
started.
Full Screen
Convert to full screen mode. Screen changes to general
window mode when Alt+Enter is pressed.
Lock
Convert to screen lock mode. User input is not received until
password is entered.
Key Mapping
Open the Custom Key Mapping dialog box.
Script
Start Xshell script file.
Start Logging
Start logging.
Stop Logging
Stop logging.
Options
Open the Options dialog box.
User Key
Manager
Open the User Keys dialog box.
Host Key
Manager
Open the Host Keys dialog box.
Xagent
Execute Xagent program.
Help
Open the Xshell help.
62 | References
Address Bar
The address bar grammar is as follows:
[protocol://][user[:password]@]hostname[:port][/]
The available protocols are ssh, sftp, telnet, rlogin, and serial. The default protocol is a protocol
selected in the default session. Default port numbers by protocol are defined as follows:
•
ssh:
22
•
sftp:
22
•
telnet:
23
•
rlogin:
513
•
ftp:
21
A number of examples are given below.
Example
Description
foobar.com
Connect to foobar.com using the protocol and port
number designated in the default session.
ssh://[email protected]/
Connect to foobar.com using the SSH protocol.
User account is ‘kay’ and default port number is
used.
ssh://[email protected]:12345/
Connect to foobar.com port 12345 using the SSH
protocol. User account is kay.
telnet://foobar.com/
Connect to foobar.com via telnet protocol. User
account is not designated and connection is made
with port 23, the default port.
rlogin://[email protected]/
Connect to foobar.com using the rlogin protocol. The
user account is ‘kay’ and connection is made with
port
513, the default port.
sftp://[email protected]/
Connect to foobar.com using the SFTP protocol.
User account is ‘kay’ and the default port number is
used.
ftp://foobar.com/test.zip
Connect to foobar.com using the ftp protocol and
download test.zip file.
References | 63
Xshell Local Command
Xshell provides local commands for advanced users familiar with the terminal environment.
Basically, Xshell prompt is displayed on the terminal screen when a remote host is not connected.
When a session is connected, press ‘Ctrl+Alt+]’ to exit to local prompt. To return to the remote
host mode, enter ‘exit’ or press ‘Ctrl+D’.
The following commands can be used.
Command
help
Description
Display commands list on the terminal window.
?
new
Open the New Session Properties dialog box.
open the [session]
Connect with the corresponding session when ‘session’ is
designated. If a session is not designated, Sessions dialog
box is opened.
edit [session]
Open the Session Properties dialog box for the
corresponding session if ‘session’ is designated. Open the
Session Properties dialog box for the default session if
‘session’ is not designated.
list
Display a list of directories and information about sessions
in the current directory.
cd
Change the current task directory.
clear
Clear local shell command prompt screen, address bar
history, and command history.
exit
Close Xshell session or return to remote host.
quit
ssh [[email protected]]host [port]
Connect using the SSH protocol.
sftp [[email protected]]host [port]
Connect using the SFTP protocol.
telnet [[email protected]]host [port]
Connect using the telnet protocol.
rlogin [[email protected]]host [port]
Connect using the rlogin protocol.
ftp [[email protected]]host [port]
Connect using the ftp protocol.
ipconfig
Execute Windows ipconfig command.
ping host
Execute Windows ping command.
tracert host
Show packet path to host.
netstat
Execute Windows netstat command.
nslookup
Execute Windows nslookup command.
64 | References
Xshell Command Line Option
The following are the command line parameter options recognized by Xshell. These parameters
can be used when executing Xshell from Windows console program or other applications.
Option, Parameter
‘session file’
Description
Execute the session. ‘Session file’ can
include a path.
-folder ‘session folder’
Execute all folder sessions.
-url [protocol://][user[:password]@]host[:port]
Connect by directly entering URL, rather
than using designated session file. Usable
protocols are SSH, SFTP, TELNET, RLOGIN
and FTP.
When protocol is omitted, use the default
protocol designated in the Options dialog
box [General] tab.
When user and password are ommited, a
window for the authentication is displayed.
When a connection port is not designated,
the connection protocol default port of is
used.
-open
Open the Sessions dialog box.
-register
Open the a dialog box for product
registration.
-about
Open the Xshell Information dialog box
where product version and license
information is available.
-prop ‘session file’
Open the Session Properties dialog box.
‘Session file’ can include a path.
-create ‘session file’
Create a new session.
-folder ‘session folder’
Execute all sessions in the ‘Session folder.’
-newwin
Open the a new Xshell window.
-newtab ‘tab name’
Create a new tab with ‘Tab Name’.
Example
Execute xdev.xsh session file.
Xshell ‘c:\users\zoo\AppData\Roaming\NetSarang\Xshell\Sessions\xdev.xsh’
Connect to foobar.com with the default protocol.
Xshell -url foobar.com
References | 65
Connect to foobar.com with ssh.
Xshell -url ssh://foobar.com
Connect to foobar.com with ssh. User name and password are ‘username’ and ‘deomopassword’
respectively.
Xshell –url ssh://username:[email protected]
Connect to foobar.com port 2300 using telnet protocol.
Xshell –url telnet://foobar.com:2300
Connect to foobar.com by executing a new Xshell window.
Xshell -newwin -url foobar.com
Note
If the [Open multiple sessions in a single Xshell window] option is set in the [Advanced] tab of
Options dialog box, All parameters with the exception of the ‘-newwin’ are executed in the last
Xshell window or a new tab.
The ‘-newwin’ option can be used with other options. A new Xshell window is started with the
options.
66 | References
SFTP Command
Xshell provides commands similar to UNIX/Linux FTP for advanced users who are familiar with
terminal environment. Descriptions of each command are as follows. For details, enter ‘help’
command in the SFTP prompt.
Command
Description
get file1 [file2] [file3] …
Download files from the remote host.
put file1 [file2] [file3] …
Upload files to the remote host.
mv path1 path2
Move/rename a file or directory on the remote host.
rename path1 path2
mkdir directory
Create a designated directory on the remote host.
rmdir directory
Delete a designated directory from the remote host.
rm file
Delete a designated file from the remote host.
pwd
Display the working directory of the remote host.
lpwd
Display the working directory of the local host..
cd directory
Change remote host working directory.
lcd directory
Change local host working directory.
ls [directory]
Display remote host files list.
lls [directory]
Display local host files list.
explore [directory]
View the current (or designated) directory via Windows
Explorer.
help [command]
Show instructions for using SFTP commands list or
designated commands.
bye
End SFTP connection.
exit
quit
References | 67
Regular Expression
This section provides descriptions of the regular expressions used in the Find dialog box.
Pattern Match
Pattern
Description
.
Any one character except newline character
[abs]
One character of a, b or c
[a-z]
One character from a to z
[^ac]
One character excluding a and c
(x)
x, x can be a regular expression.
x*
x is repeated 0 time or more. x can be a regular expression.
x+
x is repeated 1 time or more. x can be a regular expression.
x{n,m}
x is repeated n times or more and m times or less. x can be a regular expression.
x{n}
x is repeated n times exactly. X can be a regular expression.
x{n,}
x is repeated n times or more. X can be a regular expression.
x|y
x or y, x and y can be regular expressions.
xy
xy, x and y can be regular expressions.
^
Start of a line
\A
Start of a line
$
End of a line
\z
End of a line
\Z
End of a line
\<
Start of a word
\b
Start of a word
\>
End of a word
\B
End of a word
The shorthand of character classes
Class
Description
\w
Characters comprising a word, as in [a-zA-Z0-9_]
\W
Characters not consisting a word, as in [^a-zA-Z0-9_]
\s
Spaces
\S
Characters excluding spaces
\d
Numbers, as in [0-9]
\D
Characters excluding numbers, as in [^0-9]
68 | References
POSIX character classes
Class
Description
[:alnum:]
Letters and numbers, as in [a-zA-Z0-9]
[:alpha:]
Letters, as in [a-zA-Z]
[:blank:]
Blanks
[:cntrl:]
Controls
[:digit:]
Numbers, as in [0-9]
[:graph:]
Printable characters (blanks excluded)
[:lower:]
Small letters, as in [a-z]
[:print:]
Characters which are not controls
[:punct:]
Punctuations
[:space:]
Spaces
[:upper:]
Capital letters, as in [A-Z]
[:xdigit:]
Characters used to express a hexadecimal number, as in [0-9a-fA-F]
Example
Expression
Description
[0-9]+
Pattern where a number is repeated more than once
(foo)|(bar)
‘foo’ or ‘bar’
\.html$
Character string ending with ‘.html’
^\.
Character string starting with ‘.’
References | 69
Pre-defined Shortcut Key
The list below shows descriptions of shortcut keys defined in Xshell.
Shortcut Key
Description
Alt + N
Same as New in the File menu
Alt + O
Same as Open the in the File menu
Alt + C
Same as Disconnect in the File menu
Alt + Enter
Convert to full screen mode
Alt + D
Move keyboard focus to address bar
Alt + L
Change layout
Alt + 1~9
Move session tab
Alt + Right
Same as Next in the Window menu
Alt + Left
Same as Previous in the Window menu
Ctrl + D
Close local shell in the local prompt
Ctrl + Alt + ]
Exit to local prompt during connection
Ctrl + Alt + T
Same as New Terminal in the Window menu
Ctrl + Alt + F
Same as New File Transfer in the Window menu
Ctrl + Tab
Move to the next session tab in a single Xshell window
Shift + Tab
Move to the recently used session tab in a single Xshell window
Shift + Home
To top
Shift + End
To end
Shift + PgUp
Page up
Shift + PgDn
Page down
Shift + Up Arrow
Upward scroll
Shift + Down Arrow
Downward scroll
Note
Use the standard [Key Mapping] button to change shortcut keys. In the Custom Key
Mapping dialog box, change shortcut key combinations and allocate key operations such as
menu, send character string, execute script, and execute program.
70 | References
Index
Address Bar, 23, 63
Quick Command Set, 20
Appearance, 19
Quick Command Sets, 39
Authentication, 13
Regular Expression, 68
Color Scheme, 36
Revert to local shell, 38
Command Line Option, 65
RLOGIN, 16
Connection, 13
Script, 57
Copy and Paste, 34
Scroll Buffer, 41
Create User Key, 26
SERIAL, 16
Cursor Change, 37
SERIAL Connection, 24
Encoding, 41
Session, 11
File Transfer Using SFTP, 49
Copy, 11
File Transfer Using ZMODEM, 49
Copy session file, 12
Find, 35
Create, 11
Regular Expression, 35
Font, 35
Bold Text, 36
Create folder, 12
Default session, 12
Delete, 11
Host Key, 28
Edit, 11
Host Keys Dialog Box, 28
Export, 22
Install and Uninstall, 3
Import, 22
Keep alive, 16
Rename, 11
Keyboard, 17
Shortcut, 12
Keypad Mode, 42
Session Folder, 43
Layout, 42
Session Logging, 52
License Agreement, 4
Session Properties, 12
Local command, 64
Appearance, 19
Local prompt, 64
Authentication, 13
Local Prompt, 23
Connection, 13
Logging, 20
Logging, 20
Login Prompts, 14
Login Prompts, 14
Login Scripts, 14
Login Scripts, 14
Margins, 20
Margins, 20
Minimize to Notification Area, 38
Proxy, 16
Multiple Sessions, 39
Quick Command Set, 20
Print, 54
RLOGIN, 16
Proxy, 16
SERIAL, 16
Proxy Setting, 25
SSH, 14
Public Key User Authentication, 26
Security, 15
Index | 71
SFTP, 15
Standard Buttons, 61
Tunneling, 15
Startup Sessions, 43
TELNET, 15
TELNET, 15
Terminal, 16
Terminal, 16
Advanced, 18
Terminal Type, 42
Keyboard, 17
Tracing, 20
VT Mode, 18
Tunneling, 15, 30
Tracing, 20
Instant Tunneling, 32
ZMODEM, 21
SOCKS4/5 Dynamic Port Forwarding, 32
Session Tracing, 52
TCP/IP Port Forwarding, 30
Sessions dialog box, 23
X11 Forwarding, 31
SFTP, 15
User Keys Dialog Box, 27
SFTP Command, 67
VT Mode, 18
Shortcut Key, 70
Xagent, 55
SSH, 14
ZMODEM, 21
SSH Security Warning, 28
72 | Index
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