Vantec NexStar HX4R User manual

Vantec NexStar HX4R User manual
User’s Manual
Package Contents:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA
External Hard Drive RAID Enclosure w/ Fan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
NexStar HX4R Enclosure
USB 3.0 Cable
eSATA Cable
Power Adapter
User’s Manual
Installation Screws
Foam Spacer
1
2
3
4
5
6
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TRADEMARKS
MS-DOS, Microsoft, Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista/7 are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Apple, Macintosh and Mac are trademarks of Apple Computer.
NexStar is a registered trademark of Vantec Thermal Technologies.
*All other third-party brands and names are the property of their respective owners.
Table of Contents:
1. Introduction
02
2. Specifications/Features
03
3. System Requirements
04
4. Parts Layout
05
5. LED Indicator
06
6. Installation
07
7. RAID Mode Guide
10
8. RAID Rebuild
17
9. Hardware Formatting Guide
18
10. Disconnecting the NexStar HX4R
23
11. Warranty
24
12. Contact
24
Table of Contents
1
1.Introduction:
Introducing the NexStar HX4R – a quad 3.5”
SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard
Drive Enclosure designed to keep all your
hard drive safe and cool. This enclosure
features a hard aluminum shell that effectively draws away the heat while an active
controlled 80mm fan on top exhausts the
hot air from the enclosure ensuring your
hard drive is protected and cooled. Integrated with USB 3.0 & eSATA technology;
transfer files to and from your computer
at blazing fast speeds. The NexStar HX4R
is also packed with support for Individual,
JBOD, RAID 0, 1, 3, 5, and 10 modes making
backing up, transfering, and copying your
data quick and easy.
Introduction
2
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
Features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Aluminum Casing Cools Down Your Hard Drive
Vents To Intake Cool Air
Maximum Transfer Rates Up to 5 Gbps w/USB 3.0
Maximum Transfer Rates Up to 3Gbps w/eSATA
Active Large 80mm Fan To Exhaust Heat
Easily Add Storage to Any System with USB 2.0, 3.0 or eSATA
Backwards-Compatible with USB 2.0 or 1.1
Hot-Swappable: Plug & Play Without Rebooting
Attractive LED Indicates Power & HDD Activity
Supports Individual, JBOD, RAID 0, 1, 3, 5, & 10 Modes
• Model:
NST-640S3R-BK
• Drive Support:
SATA I/II/III Hard Drives
• Drive Size:
3.5”
• Internal Interface: SATA
• External Interface: USB 3.0 & eSATA
• HDD Capacity:
Up To 12TB*
• Power Supply:
AC Adapter
• Fan:
80mm
• Material:
Aluminum & Plastic
• Dimension:
209 x 170 x 181 mm
*Check our website www.vantecusa.com for any updates
3
3.System Requirements:
Microsoft Windows XP/Vista/7
Mac OS 10.6 & greater
1. For USB 2.0 speeds, the system must
1. For USB 2.0 speeds, the system must
support USB 2.0 specifications
support USB 2.0 specifications
2. For USB 3.0 speeds, the system must
2. For USB 3.0 speeds, the system must
support USB 3.0 specifications
support USB 3.0 specifications
3. For eSATA Speeds, the System Must
3. For eSATA Speeds, the System Must
Support eSATA Specifications
Support eSATA Specifications
4. Port Multiplier Is Required For eSATA
4. Port Multiplier Is Required For eSATA
Syetem Requirements
4
4.Parts Layout:
Power LED
HDD1 LED
HDD2 LED
HDD3 LED
HDD4 LED
1
2
7
9
6
3
5
8
4
Parts Layout
5
5.LED Indicator:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
General Operation:
Power LED
HDD 1 LED
HDD 2 LED
HDD 3 LED
HDD 4 LED
Green
ON : Power on
OFF: Power off
Blue
ON : HDD inserted
Flash Randomly: Accessing (Read/Write/Rebuild)
Flash Consistently (3 flashes per second): HDD error
OFF: HDD not installed/Removed/sleep mode
Blue
ON : HDD inserted
Flash Randomly: Accessing (Read/Write/Rebuild)
Flash Consistently (3 flashes per second): HDD error
OFF: HDD not installed/Removed/sleep mode
Blue
ON : HDD inserted
Flash Randomly: Accessing (Read/Write/Rebuild)
Flash Consistently (3 flashes per second): HDD error
OFF: HDD not installed/Removed/sleep mode
Blue
ON : HDD inserted
Flash Randomly: Accessing (Read/Write/Rebuild)
Flash Consistently (3 flashes per second): HDD error
OFF: HDD not installed/Removed/sleep mode
LED Indicator
6
6.Installation:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
WARNING: All data will be deleted on each hard drive during Hard
Drive Mode change. Please back up your hard drive(s) before adjusting RAID mode. New hard drives must be formatted before use. *Refer
5.1.Hardware Installation:
Installing the hard drive:
(1) Push lock to the left to unlock
the HDD tray.
(2) Take out the HDD tray
Installation
7
(3) Carefully install the hard drive
into the tray. Be sure the fasten the
NOTE:
If necessary, please use the hard drive foam
spacer if the hard drive cannot be mounted
stably. Refer to image for foam spacer
placement.
(4) Reinsert the HDD tray into the
case.
(5) Push lock to the right to lock
the HDD tray.
Installation
8
Connecting the NexStar to your computer:
USB 3.0
NOTE:
(1) Connect the type (B) USB connector to the
For new hard drives, you will need to initialize and
partition your hard drive before it will appear in
Windows Explorer or on your Mac desktop. Please
refer to your hard drive manufacturer’s documentation
or read the”Creating a New Partition” section of this
manual.
NexStar and the type (A) USB connector to an
available USB port on your system.
(2) Connect the power cable to the NexStar and
plug the cable into an available outlet.
(3) Turn on the NexStar via the power switch.
(4) Your operating system should detect
the NexStar and automatically install the
necessary drivers. Once your operating system
finishes setting up the NexStar , it will mount
your hard drive. On Mac OS systems, the
new volume should appear on desktop. On
a Windows PC, the new volume will appear
under My Computer.
(5) Your NexStar External Hard Drive is now ready
for use.
eSATA
(1) Connect the eSATA to the NexStar and to an
NOTE:
available eSATA port on your system.
(2) Connect the power cable to the NexStar and
If you can see the USB icon in the system tray, but there
is no any disk appear in your computer, please confirm
your hard disk is partitioned.
plug the cable into an available outlet.
(3) Turn on the NexStar via the power switch.
(4) Your operating system should detect
the NexStar and automatically install the
necessary drivers. Once your operating system
finishes setting up the NexStar, it will mount
your hard drive. On Mac OS systems, the
new volume should appear on desktop. On
a Windows PC, the new volume will appear
under My Computer.
(5) Your NexStar External Hard Drive is now ready
for use.
Installation
9
7.RAID Mode Guide:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
RAID Modes:
Individual
Pg. 11
Shows all hard drives as separate individual Hard Drives
JBOD
Pg. 12
Just a bunch of drives, Read/Write to each HDD independently
Sum of 4 hard drive capacity
RAID 0
Pg. 13
RAID: Read/Write on each HDD simultaneously
Capacity: Multiply the smallest capacity by 4
RAID 10 (1) Pg. 14
RAID: Mirroring on each hard drive simultaneously
Capacity equals to the smallest HDD multiply by 2
Note:
1. HDD1/HDD2 create a set of RAID 1: HDD1/2
HDD3/HDD4 create a set of RAID 1: HDD3/4
Two sets (HDD1/2, HDD3/4) create a set of RAID 0
2. When two hard drives are installed, the device will perform
RAID 1 configuration. Total capacity equals capacity of smaller
drive
RAID 3
Pg. 15
RAID: Byte-level striping with dedicated parity
Capacity: Multiply the smallest capacity by (4-1)
RAID 5
Pg. 16
RAID: Block-level striping with distributed parity
Capacity: Multiply the smallest capacity by (4-1)
RAID Switch Settings:
Normal
JBOD
ON
ON
RAID 0
RAID 10 (1)
(1) Power on the NexStar HX4R.
(2) Check and make sure all HDDs are installed and all
LEDs light up.
(3) Connect the NexStar HX4R to the computer via
USB 3.0 or eSATA cable.
(4) Locate the RAID switch and select the designated
ON
ON
RAID 3
RAID 5
HDD mode to configure the NexStar HX4R.
Push and hold the “Reset” button for 3-5 seconds.
(5) The Hard Drive Mode will change according to the
selection.
ON
ON
(6) After setting up RAID, please initialize the HDD
again to have the HDD workable.
RAID Mode Configuration
10
Individual(Normal) Drive Mode:
This mode enables each Hard Drive to be seen
as separate single drives with separate Hard
Drive capacities.
( figure 7-A) ( figure 7-B)
NOTE:
Normal
If you are using Indvidual Drive Mode with
eSATA interface, your eSATA port on the system
must support Port Multiplier to see more than
one drive.
ON
( figure 7-A)
Volume A
Volume B
Volume C
Volume D
Volume A
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 1
Drive A
Port 2
Drive B
Port 3
Volume B
Volume D
Volume C
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 4
Drive C
Port 1
Drive D
Drive A
Equal Disks
Port 2
Drive B
Port 3
Port 4
Drive C
Drive D
Unequal Disks
( figure 7-B)
RAID Mode Configuration
11
JBOD Mode:
This mode concatenates a series of physical
drives as a single large volume; Hard Drive 1
through 4 are combined into a storage capacity
that is equal to the sum of each of the physical
hard drives.
Switching to this mode will prompt to initialize
and format the hard disks. If you choose to add a
second hard disk at a later time, you will need to
format the entire array of disks again.
JBOD
( figure 7-C) ( figure 7-D)
NOTE:
ON
All data previously stored on the hard drive will
be lost! Please back up all data to a separate
storage before continuing.
( figure 7-C)
JBOD
1000GB
JBOD
1500GB
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 1
Drive A
250GB
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Port 1
Drive D
250GB
Drive A
250GB
Equal Disks
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Drive D
750GB
Unequal Disks
( figure 7-D)
RAID Mode Configuration
12
RAID 0 Mode (Striped):
This mode splits data evenly across the four Hard
Drives resulting in capacity that is the sum of 4
times the smallest volume. Data access speed
is increased however at the cost of no data
redundancy.
Four equal hard drives: The capacity is equal to
the sum of all hard drives.
Switching to this mode will prompt to initialize
and format the hard disks.
( figure 7-E) ( figure 7-F)
RAID 00 Mode
RAID
NOTE:
ON
All data previously stored on the hard drive will
be lost! Please back up all data to a separate
storage before continuing.
( figure 7-E)
RAID 0
1000GB
RAID 0
1000GB
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 1
Drive A
250GB
Port 2
Port 3
Drive B
250GB
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Port 1
Drive D
250GB
Drive A
250GB
Equal Disks
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Drive D
750GB
Unequal Disks
Striping
Striping
( figure 7-F)
RAID Mode Configuration
13
RAID 10 (1) Mode (Mirror):
This mode allows the device to automatically
copy data to 2 sets of 2 hard drives running
RAID 0. It stores all data in duplicate on the two
sets of RAID to protect against data loss due to
drive failure. It provides the highest level of data
protection for critical data that you cannot afford
to lose if a hard drive fails. The capacity is equal
to the smaller of the four hard drives. Switching
to this mode will prompt to initialize and format
the hard disks. This will not work to create a
RAID 1 (10)
mirror set from existing hard drives.
( figure 7-G)
ON
( figure 7-G)
NOTE:
All data previously stored on the hard drive will
be lost! Please back up all data to a separate
storage before continuing.
NOTE:
If one drive fails, the SAFE volume is still usable, but it is in a vulnerable state because its mirrored hard
drive is inaccessible. When the offline drive comes back online, the appliance begins a rebuild process
immediately to restore data redundancy. Although the volume remains available during the rebuild
process, the volume is susceptible to data loss through damage to the remaining drive until redundancy
is restored at the end of the rebuild and verification process. Host access takes precedence over the
rebuild process. If you continue to use the SAFE volume during the rebuild, the rebuild process will take
a longer time to complete, and the host data transfer performance will also be affected.
RAID Mode Configuration
14
RAID 3 Mode (Byte-Level
Striping)
This mode performs a byte-level striping with
a dedicated parity disk. This mode is generally
used when application requires highest transfer
rates in long sequential read and writes. Capacity
is equal to the smallest multiplied by (4-1).
( figure 7-H)
( figure 7-I)
RAID 3
NOTE:
All data previously stored on the hard drive will
be lost! Please back up all data to a separate
storage before continuing.
ON
( figure 7-H)
RAID 3
750GB
RAID 3
750GB
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 1
Drive A
250GB
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Equal Disks
Port 1
Drive D
250GB
Drive A
250GB
Parity Disk
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Unequal Disks
Drive D
750GB
Parity Disk
Striping
Striping
( figure 7-I)
NOTE:
This mode runs the risk of loosing your entire collection of data should the parity disk and a single disk
become lost.
RAID Mode Configuration
15
RAID 5 Mode:
This mode uses block-level striping with parity
data distributed across all disks. The capacity is
equal to the smallest disk multiplied by (4-1).
( figure 7-J)
( figure 7-K)
RAID 5
ON
NOTE:
All data previously stored on the hard drive will
be lost! Please back up all data to a separate
storage before continuing.
( figure 7-J)
RAID 5
750GB
RAID 5
750GB
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 1
Drive A
250GB
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Port 3
NST-640S3R-BK
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Port 1
Drive D
250GB
Drive A
250GB
Port 2
Drive B
250GB
Equal Disks
Port 3
Port 4
Drive C
250GB
Drive D
750GB
Unequal Disks
Striping
Striping
( figure 7-K)
RAID Mode Configuration
16
8.RAID Rebuild:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
RAID Rebuild
RAID rebuild can only be performed under RAID 3, 5, and 10 configuration. Please follow the
following steps to start rebuilding.
1. Power off the NexStar HX4R.
2. Remove failed hard drive.
3. Install a functional hard drive.
4. Turn on the power and the NexStar HX4R will automatically start rebuilding.
LED Configuration on Rebuild Process
RAID 3/5: LED blinks irregularly
RAID 10:
HDD 1/2: LED 1/2 blinks irregularly on rebuild
HDD 3/4: LED 3/4 blinks irregularly on rebuild
LED Activity Chart: this chart describe LED activity under RAID rebuild process
Constant On
Blinks Irregularly
Operations
HDD1 LED
HDD2 LED
HDD3 LED
HDD4 LED
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 10
HDD 1/2
HDD 3/4
Rebuild Complete
(Online)
Rebuild Complete
(Offline)
NOTE:
1. Rebuild speed around 250GB/HR
2. Anytime when a HDD failure is detected, the LED blinks at a constant pace.
3. Online: Power cable is connected to the device, USB or eSATA cable is connected to the computer.
Offline: Only power cable is connected to the device.
RAID Rebuild
17
9.Hard Drive Formatting Guide
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
• You may format your Hard Drive by using the USB connection.
• Please make sure your External Enclosure is turned on and connected to the PC
before formatting the Hard Drive.
In order to use a disk volume larger than 2 TB’s, you will need an operating system that supports GUID
Partitioning Table. Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP 64bit, Mac 10.4, and Mac 10.5 all have this
capability through the GPT. The GUID partitioning scheme has the ability to partition both internal and
external drives far beyond 2 TB’s in size.
STEP1: Right-click “My Computer” and select “Manage”.
STEP2: Select “Disk Management” and you will see your Hard Drive shown as “Unallocated”
(Disk number may vary)
Hard Drive Formatting Guide
18
STEP3: Right-click on the “Unallocated” box and select “New Partition”.
(Disk number may vary)
STEP4: The “New Partition Wizard” will appear. Please follow the “New Partition Wizard”
step by step instructions to complete the Hard Drive formatting procedure
Hard Drive Formatting Guide
19
STEP5: Once the Hard Drive formatting procedure is completed, the Hard Drive will be
recognized as a “New Volume” (New Volume drive letter may vary i.e. “New Volume
(Z:)” )
STEP6: Double-click “My Computer”. You will see “New Volume” appear on your PC (Drive
letter may vary i.e. “New Volume (Z:)”)
This will conclude the Hard Drive Formatting guide.
Hard Drive Formatting Guide
20
For Mac Users:
STEP1: When you connect the NexStar HX4R
to a Mac with a new hard drive, the
dialog “Disk Insertion” will appear.
Please select “Initialize”. (A formatted
HDD will not display this dialog)
STEP2: Select which HDD you want to erase.
Hard Drive Formatting Guide
21
STEP3: Click “Erase” at the upper right side.
Select which kind of format from
Volume Format. Please input the
name you wish to name your new
Volume. Click “Erase” at lower right
side.
STEP4: After you hit “Enter”, the dialog “Erase
Disk” will appear. Please click “Erase” to
begin formatting your hard drive.
WARING:
All data will be erased after the format
Select how you want to use your
new Volume or click “Cancel” if you
want to use default settings.
This will conclude the Hard Drive Formatting guide.
Hard Drive Formatting Guide
22
10.Disconnecting the NexStar HX4R:
Quad 3.5” SATA to USB 3.0 & eSATA External RAID Hard Drive Enclosure w/ Fan
Microsoft Windows XP/Vista/7:
Mac OS:
Make sure all operations using the hard
drive within the NexStar has ceased.
Make sure all operations using the hard
drive within the NexStar has ceased.
Close any windows and programs
pertaining to the NexStar
Close any windows and programs
pertaining to the NexStar
Double click the green “Safely Remove
Hardware” icon in the system tray and
select [Safely Remove USB Mass Storage
Device]. Select the device you wish to
remove and click on [Stop]. The system
should prompt, “It is now safe to remove
the USB device.” If not, wait for any
programs still using the device to finish and
try again.
From the Desktop, drag the NexStar hard
drive to the trash.
You may now safely turn off and disconnect
the NexStar.
You may now safely turn off and disconnect
the NexStar.
WARING:
NEVER remove the NexStar while the hard drive is in
use. Doing so may corrupt the data on the hard drive or
damage the hard drive, NexStar and the computer.
Disconnecting the NexStar HX
23
11.Warranty:
The NexStar HX4R comes with a 1 year limited
warranty ( 90 day parts ) . If your unit should
become defective within that time frame, please
go to www.vantecusa.com for information on
how to receive warranty exchange or repair.
Cosmetic defects and missing parts are not
covered under this warranty. Please check the
contents of the unit to make sure you received
all parts. Also, check for any cosmetic flaws. If
any parts are missing or if there are cosmetic
defects, please contact the retailer from which
you purchased the unit immediately and ask for
a replacement.
12.Contact:
Vantec Thermal Technologies
www.vantecusa.com
Copyright © 2012 Vantec Thermal Technologies. All Right Reserved.
All Registered Trademarks Belong To Their Respective Companies.
Warranty/Contact
24
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