BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006

BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
Find out more online
Introduction
Group chief executive’s introduction
2006 in review
1
2
Oil
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Stocks
Refining
Trade movements
6
8
11
16
17
18
20
Natural gas
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Trade movements
Prices
22
24
27
30
31
Coal
Reserves
Prices
Production
Consumption
32
32
34
35
Nuclear energy
Consumption
36
Hydroelectricity
Consumption
38
Primary energy
Consumption
Consumption by fuel
40
41
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
Further information
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007 is available online
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables
and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras,
including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy,
electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined reports
or chart-specific data according to energy type, region and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps
and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data.
• German and Russian versions of the Review.
About the Review
For 56 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided
high-quality, objective and globally consistent data on world energy
markets. The Review is one of the most widely respected and
authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for
reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy
companies. A new edition is published every June.
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving
millions of customers in more than 100 countries across six
continents. Our business segments are Exploration and Production;
Refining and Marketing; and Gas, Power and Renewables. Through
these business segments, we provide fuel for transportation, retail
brands and energy for heat and light.
44
44
45
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy
June 2007 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for
determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules
contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas
Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or
as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily
represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been
compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.
Group chief
executive’s
introduction
Welcome to the 56th edition of BP’s annual Statistical Review
of World Energy. The world has changed dramatically since it was
first published and the Review has established and maintained
a reputation as a rigorous and authoritative resource. It provides
the data necessary for global energy market developments to
be analysed and understood.
The data in this Review shows that coal remained the world’s fastestgrowing hydrocarbon in 2006 and implies that global carbon emissions
continued to increase. High prices for fossil fuels, combined with
political interest, encouraged the rapid growth of renewable energy
sources, but this growth starts from a very small base. Additional data
on renewable energy can be found at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
2006 was another year of high and volatile energy prices.
The availability of energy to enable economic growth for a rising global
population, the changing composition of the available fuel mix and
the threat of climate change – all these will be with us for some time
to come. I believe that decision-makers, businesses and members of
the public will all benefit from the unbiased, carefully collected data
to be found in this Review. We at BP will continue to provide it as an
essential starting point for analysis and discussion.
These signify shifting supply and demand conditions, changing
geopolitical risks and the perception of such risks. Small wonder,
then, that energy markets have remained at the centre of attention.
Once again they have attracted widespread interest from the media.
Global energy developments and prospects have been intensely
debated among consumers, producers and policy-makers.
Increasingly, however, this attention is moving beyond a concern
with prices. 2006 saw the debate about energy security intensifying.
It saw the threat of climate change move rapidly towards the top of the
international policy agenda.
Once again, markets worked to ensure that energy was available
wherever it was needed. But the year also showed that, without a price
for carbon, there is no mechanism that can guide the energy system
towards a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. For this to happen,
such emissions must be costed.
I would like to thank all those around the world who have been involved
in the preparation of this latest edition.
Tony Hayward
Group Chief Executive
June 2007
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
1
2006 in review
Growth in global energy consumption slowed
in 2006, despite stronger economic growth.
Energy prices remained high by historical
standards, although price movements in 2006
varied by fuel type and region. Crude oil prices
continued to rise. Natural gas and coal prices
fell in North America but increased elsewhere.
Energy developments
World primary energy consumption increased by 2.4% in 2006, down
from 3.2% in 2005 and just above the 10-year average. Growth slowed
for every fuel except nuclear power. The Asia Pacific region once again
recorded the most rapid growth, rising by 4.9%, while consumption
in North America fell by 0.5%. Chinese energy consumption rose by
8.4% and China continued to account for the majority of global energy
consumption growth.
The impact of continued high energy prices was seen in slowing
consumption among energy importers and continued strong
consumption growth among energy exporters.
2
Oil
Dated Brent crude oil averaged $65.14 per barrel in 2006, nearly
20% above the 2005 average. Prices peaked above $78 per barrel in
early August and declined by some $20 by year-end. Crude quality
differentials narrowed but remained wide, reflecting the continued
challenges faced at the margin by the world’s refining system in
processing heavy sour crudes.
Global oil consumption grew by 0.7% in 2006, the weakest growth
since 2001 and half the 10-year average.
Consumption grew by just under 650,000 barrels per day (b/d) to reach
83.7 million b/d. Chinese consumption growth of 6.7% was close to
the 10-year average and consumption growth was above average
among oil exporters in the Middle East and the Former Soviet Union.
OECD consumption declined by about 400,000b/d, the largest decline
since 1983.
OPEC producers implemented a new round of production cuts late in
2006, the first in nearly two years. For the year, OPEC output rose by
just 130,000b/d, with gains in the United Arab Emirates and Iraq offset
by reductions in Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Nigeria.
Oil production outside OPEC rose by just under 300,000b/d in 2006,
stronger than 2005, but less than half the 10-year average. OECD
output fell by 430,000b/d, the fourth consecutive annual decline.
Meanwhile, Russian production reached another post-Soviet peak,
rising by 220,000b/d. Azerbaijan, Angola (which joined OPEC on
1 January 2007) and Canada each increased production by at least
100,000b/d.
Natural gas
World natural gas consumption grew by 2.5% in 2006, below the 3.4%
growth seen in 2005 but close to the 10-year average. Declining US and
EU consumption was offset by strong growth in Russia and China. In the
US, gas consumption declined for the second year in a row, despite an
increase in gas used for power generation. European consumption fell,
due to a combination of high prices and warmer-than-normal weather.
Large declines were seen in the UK as well as in eastern European
countries that experienced large increases in contracted prices. Russian
gas consumption increased strongly, accounting for nearly 40% of the
global increase. Chinese consumption grew by more than 20%.
Gas production rose by 3% in 2006, slightly above the 10-year
average. Russia accounted for the largest incremental growth in
production, led by rapid growth among independent producers.
Recovering from hurricane-related outages, production in the US rose
by 2.3%, the strongest growth since 2001. The UK recorded its sixth
consecutive annual decline, with output falling by 8.6%: in volume terms,
this decline was the world’s largest in 2006.
International trade in natural gas increased by 3.1% in 2006 – nearly half
the 10-year average. Pipeline shipments stagnated due to weak demand
among key importers and reduced export availability among key suppliers
as a result of strong domestic demand growth. Net exports declined from
Russia, Canada and Argentina. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipments rose
by a strong 11.8% in 2006, well above the 10-year average. LNG receipts in
Asia, the world’s largest regional market, rose by 10%, while European
imports rose by 20% and US imports declined slightly. Egypt, Nigeria,
Qatar and Australia saw the largest increases in LNG exports.
4
Other fuels
Coal continued to be the world’s fastest-growing hydrocarbon in
2006. Global consumption rose by 4.5%, below last year’s rapid
(+5.7%) growth but well above the 10-year average.
Consumption growth in China, the world’s leading coal user, moderated
from the strong growth seen in 2005 but remained above average.
Chinese coal consumption grew by 8.7% and China accounted for more
than 70% of the growth in global coal consumption. Consumption in the
US declined for the first time since 2002. Elsewhere, coal consumption
rose by 3.5%, well above the 10-year average.
Nuclear power output rose by 1.4%, just below the 10-year average.
OECD countries accounted for two-thirds of the global increase, due to
a combination of increased capacity utilization and capacity upgrades.
Hydroelectric generation increased by an above-average 3.2%. Capacity
expansion in China, India and Brazil, along with increased rainfall in the
US, offset declines in Canada and Scandinavia.
Acknowledgements
We express our gratitude to our numerous contacts worldwide who
provide the basic data for this publication.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
5
Oil
Proved reserves
At end 1986
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 1996
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2005
Thousand
million
barrels
Thousand
million
tonnes
35.1
11.7
54.9
101.6
29.8
11.0
48.5
89.3
29.9
17.1
13.7
60.7
3.7
2.4
1.7
7.8
29.9
17.1
12.9
59.9
2.5%
1.4%
1.1%
5.0%
11.9
14.9
9.6
12.0
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
2.2
2.4
1.7
1.2
0.5
0.6
55.5
0.5
64.6
2.6
6.7
2.8
3.5
0.8
0.7
72.7
1.1
90.8
2.0
11.8
1.5
4.9
1.1
0.8
80.0
1.3
103.2
0.3
1.7
0.2
0.7
0.1
0.1
11.5
0.2
14.8
2.0
12.2
1.5
4.7
1.1
0.8
80.0
1.3
103.5
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
6.6%
0.1%
8.6%
7.5
18.5
7.4
23.4
25.6
12.8
77.6
24.9
41.2
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.4
0.6
n/a
6.1
1.4
n/a
n/a
5.3
n/a
63.0
76.8
n/a
0.9
0.7
n/a
11.6
1.0
n/a
n/a
5.0
n/a
63.5
82.6
7.0
1.3
0.8
39.8
9.6
0.4
79.1
0.5
3.9
0.6
2.2
145.2
1.0
0.2
0.1
5.5
1.1
0.1
10.9
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.3
19.7
7.0
1.2
0.7
39.8
8.5
0.4
79.5
0.5
3.9
0.6
2.2
144.4
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
3.3%
0.7%
29.3
9.3
18.2
76.5
8.4
11.7
22.3
9.2
6.5
13.0
13.2
22.5
92.9
72.0
94.5
4.0
4.5
169.7
1.6
97.2
0.1
0.1
536.7
92.6
112.0
96.5
5.3
3.7
261.4
2.5
97.8
0.2
0.2
672.2
137.5
115.0
101.5
5.6
15.2
264.2
3.0
97.8
2.9
0.1
742.7
18.9
15.5
14.0
0.8
2.0
36.3
0.4
13.0
0.4
†
101.2
137.5
115.0
101.5
5.6
15.2
264.3
3.0
97.8
2.9
0.1
742.7
11.4%
9.5%
8.4%
0.5%
1.3%
21.9%
0.2%
8.1%
0.2%
61.5%
86.7
*
*
20.5
36.8
66.7
19.7
90.2
20.0
6.6
79.5
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
8.8
1.4
–
0.7
4.5
–
0.6
22.8
16.1
0.3
1.8
1.0
58.0
10.8
3.7
–
1.6
3.8
0.6
2.8
29.5
20.8
0.3
0.3
0.7
74.9
12.3
9.0
0.9
1.9
3.7
1.8
2.1
41.5
36.2
6.4
0.7
0.6
117.2
1.5
1.2
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.3
5.4
4.9
0.9
0.1
0.1
15.5
12.3
9.0
0.9
1.9
3.7
1.8
2.1
41.5
36.2
6.4
0.7
0.6
117.2
1.0%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
3.4%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
9.7%
16.8
17.6
16.1
19.9
15.0
13.8
25.3
61.9
40.3
44.2
27.5
24.6
32.1
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
3.2
1.5
17.1
4.6
9.0
3.5
0.1
–
0.7
39.7
3.9
1.1
16.4
5.5
5.0
5.0
0.2
0.9
1.2
39.2
4.2
1.1
16.2
5.9
4.3
4.2
0.5
3.1
1.0
40.5
0.5
0.2
2.2
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.1
0.4
0.1
5.4
4.2
1.1
16.3
5.7
4.3
4.2
0.5
3.3
1.0
40.5
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
3.4%
21.3
13.7
12.1
19.3
11.0
15.4
4.3
24.3
12.9
14.0
877.4
7.8
119.3
643.0
173.7
60.7
1049.0
7.5
112.9
802.8
184.3
61.9
1209.5
6.9
81.9
905.5
176.4
127.7
164.5
2.0
10.4
123.6
23.2
17.7
1208.2
6.7
79.8
905.5
174.5
128.2
100.0%
0.6%
6.6%
74.9%
14.4%
10.6%
40.5
8.0
11.3
72.5
13.6
28.6
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
163.5
1373.0
26.5
191.0
163.5
1371.7
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands •
Proved reserves and oil sands
At end 2006
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total
◆
6.6%
◆
0.3%
◆
0.2%
12.0%
◆
◆
R/P
ratio
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
•‘Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ‘under active development’.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas
Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official estimate of 10.2 billion barrels for oil
sands ‘under active development’. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.
6
Proved reserves at end 2006
Thousand million barrels
742.7
144.4
117.2
103.5
59.9
40.5
Asia Pacific
North America
S. & Cent. America Africa
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Distribution of proved reserves in 1986, 1996 and 2006
Percentage
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
S. & Cent. America
North America
Asia Pacific
5.0
8.5
3.7
8.6
3.4
61.5
64.1
4.5
11.6
8.7
9.7
61.2
7.1
7.4
6.6
12.0
7.9
8.8
1986
Total 877.4 thousand million barrels
1996
Total 1049.0 thousand million barrels
2006
Total 1208.2 thousand million barrels
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
7
Production*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
8295
2480
3277
14052
8269
2588
3410
14267
8011
2672
3499
14182
7731
2604
3343
13678
7733
2721
3450
13904
7669
2677
3560
13906
7626
2858
3585
14069
7400
3004
3789
14193
7228
3085
3824
14137
6895
3041
3760
13695
6871
3147
3683
13700
–0.5%
4.4%
–2.1%
0.1%
8.0%
3.9%
4.7%
16.5%
823
807
635
393
121
141
3137
102
6159
877
868
667
397
120
135
3321
108
6493
890
1003
775
385
116
134
3480
125
6908
847
1133
838
383
107
141
3126
124
6699
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3142
137
6722
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2895
152
6619
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2554
153
6314
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2907
144
6680
725
1715
554
541
111
171
2937
142
6897
716
1809
558
545
116
174
2824
140
6881
–1.3%
5.5%
0.7%
0.7%
3.5%
1.5%
–3.9%
–1.7%
–0.4%
0.9%
2.3%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.7%
0.2%
8.8%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
183
208
104
474
3232
142
6114
90
2735
174
546
14003
182
230
114
536
3280
141
6227
108
2702
182
524
14226
231
238
108
537
3138
137
6169
129
2807
191
506
14190
279
299
96
631
3139
133
6178
143
2909
191
474
14473
282
363
88
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
465
14943
301
348
79
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
465
15444
311
371
106
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16281
313
368
107
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16965
315
390
105
1297
3188
119
9287
193
2028
152
496
17570
452
377
117
1356
2969
114
9552
192
1809
126
469
17533
654 44.9%
342 –9.3%
111 –5.6%
1426
5.6%
2778 –6.9%
105 –8.0%
9769
2.2%
163 –15.2%
1636 –9.6%
125 –0.7%
454 –2.9%
17563
0.2%
0.8%
0.4%
0.1%
1.7%
3.3%
0.1%
12.3%
0.2%
2.0%
0.1%
0.5%
21.6%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
3759
580
2129
897
568
9299
586
2438
357
50
20662
3776
1166
2137
909
719
9482
577
2567
375
50
21758
3855
2121
2232
905
747
9502
576
2643
380
49
23010
3603
2610
2085
911
797
8853
579
2511
405
48
22402
3818
2614
2206
959
855
9491
548
2626
450
48
23614
3794
2523
2148
961
854
9209
581
2534
455
47
23107
3543
2116
1995
900
783
8928
548
2324
457
48
21642
4183
1344
2329
824
917
10164
527
2611
448
48
23395
4248
2030
2482
756
990
10638
495
2656
420
48
24764
4268
1833
2643
779
1045
11114
458
2751
426
34
25352
4343
1999
2704
743
1133
10859
417
2969
390
32
25589
5.4%
2.5%
3.4%
0.9%
1.3%
13.1%
0.5%
3.5%
0.5%
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
1386
716
110
–
200
894
17
365
1452
2145
5
89
62
7441
1421
741
124
–
225
873
62
364
1491
2316
9
81
64
7770
1461
731
105
–
264
857
85
337
1480
2167
12
83
63
7644
1515
745
95
–
266
827
96
340
1425
2066
63
84
56
7579
1578
746
88
–
254
781
117
327
1475
2155
174
78
56
7830
1562
742
81
–
234
758
173
301
1427
2274
211
71
53
7887
1680
905
75
–
231
751
215
295
1375
2103
233
75
63
8001
1852
862
68
24
215
749
247
240
1485
2263
255
68
71
8398
1946
976
62
168
216
721
343
235
1624
2502
325
72
75
9263
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
619
165
3170
778
1580
773
105
179
245
7615
669
163
3211
800
1557
777
126
205
229
7737
644
157
3212
787
1520
779
130
245
217
7692
625
182
3213
788
1408
737
140
296
218
7608
809
193
3252
780
1456
735
176
328
200
7928
733
203
3306
780
1389
719
191
350
195
7866
731
210
3346
801
1288
757
204
354
193
7884
624
214
3401
798
1183
776
236
364
195
7791
TOTAL WORLD
69931
72251
73626
72439
75033
74932
74496
of which: European Union 25
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
3325
21355
28472
34288
7171
3304
21660
29953
34925
7374
3407
21492
31207
35028
7391
3542
21095
29999
34887
7552
3355
21514
31512
35507
8014
3147
21297
30857
35415
8660
3203
21422
29031
35933
9533
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
1.2%
9.0%
2.4%
–4.6%
8.1%
–2.3%
–8.9%
7.3%
–8.7%
–7.7%
0.7%
31.2%
2016
1233
58
173
246
696
356
234
1751
2580
355
74
72
9846
2005 –0.3%
1409 14.3%
63
8.6%
153 –11.7%
262
6.7%
678 –2.5%
358
0.6%
232 –0.9%
1835
4.2%
2460 –4.9%
397 11.8%
69 –7.1%
68 –5.3%
9990
1.4%
2.2%
1.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.8%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
12.1%
541
210
3481
816
1152
793
223
427
186
7829
554
206
3627
784
1129
767
265
398
197
7926
544
221
3684
807
1071
747
286
367
215
7941
77056
80244
81250
81663
2995
21156
30884
35673
10499
2774
20716
33175
35661
11407
2535
19825
34068
35343
11840
2306
19398
34202
35162
12299
–2.1%
7.1%
1.6%
3.1%
–5.3%
–3.1%
8.7%
–8.0%
8.0%
0.1%
◆
0.6%
0.3%
4.7%
1.0%
1.3%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
0.3%
9.7%
0.4% 100.0%
–9.0%
–2.2%
0.2%
–0.5%
3.9%
2.8%
23.3%
41.7%
43.0%
15.3%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and
coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
8
Production*
Million tonnes
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
382.1
115.5
162.6
660.1
380.0
120.7
169.7
670.4
368.1
125.1
173.5
666.7
352.6
121.0
165.2
638.8
352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
349.2
126.1
176.6
651.8
346.8
135.0
178.4
660.2
338.4
142.6
188.8
669.8
329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
313.3
144.9
187.1
645.3
311.8
151.3
183.1
646.1
–0.5%
4.4%
–2.1%
0.1%
8.0%
3.9%
4.7%
16.5%
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
40.8
40.2
31.8
20.0
6.0
7.0
162.2
5.0
312.9
43.4
43.0
33.2
20.2
5.9
6.7
171.4
5.3
329.1
44.0
49.8
38.5
19.6
5.7
6.7
179.6
6.2
350.0
41.8
56.3
41.6
19.5
5.2
6.9
160.9
6.2
338.4
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.9
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
148.8
7.8
334.2
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
131.4
7.8
318.3
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
150.0
7.3
337.9
36.2
84.6
27.3
27.6
5.0
8.3
151.0
7.1
347.0
35.8
89.2
27.5
27.8
5.1
8.4
145.1
7.0
345.8
–1.3%
5.5%
0.7%
0.7%
3.5%
1.5%
–3.9%
–1.7%
–0.4%
0.9%
2.3%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.7%
0.2%
8.8%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
9.1
10.2
5.5
23.0
154.7
6.9
302.9
4.4
129.7
7.6
26.3
680.0
9.0
11.2
5.9
25.8
156.2
6.8
307.4
5.4
127.9
7.9
25.1
688.6
11.4
11.6
5.6
25.9
149.6
6.6
304.3
6.4
132.6
8.2
24.2
686.5
13.9
14.6
5.0
30.1
149.7
6.4
304.8
7.1
137.4
8.1
22.7
699.6
14.1
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
15.0
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.6
786.0
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
15.6
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
850.1
22.4
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.2
5.4
470.0
9.5
84.7
5.4
22.0
844.8
32.5 44.9%
16.7 –9.3%
5.8 –5.6%
66.1
5.6%
128.7 –6.9%
5.0 –8.0%
480.5
2.2%
8.1 –15.2%
76.6 –9.6%
5.4 –0.7%
21.4 –2.9%
846.7
0.2%
0.8%
0.4%
0.1%
1.7%
3.3%
0.1%
12.3%
0.2%
2.0%
0.1%
0.5%
21.6%
186.6
28.6
105.1
44.4
26.2
446.7
29.2
115.1
16.9
2.3
1001.0
187.0
57.1
105.1
44.9
33.3
454.5
28.7
120.5
17.7
2.3
1051.1
190.8
104.2
110.0
44.7
34.3
455.7
28.6
123.9
18.0
2.3
1112.4
178.1
128.3
102.6
45.0
36.0
423.6
28.8
117.6
19.2
2.2
1081.4
189.4
128.8
109.1
47.6
38.7
456.3
27.3
123.3
21.3
2.2
1144.0
186.5
123.9
105.8
47.5
38.4
440.6
28.9
118.3
21.5
2.2
1113.6
172.7
104.0
98.2
44.5
35.1
425.3
27.2
108.5
21.5
2.2
1039.3
203.7
66.1
114.8
40.7
41.2
485.1
26.2
122.2
21.1
2.2
1123.4
207.9
100.0
122.6
37.5
44.9
506.0
24.7
124.7
19.9
2.2
1190.4
207.3
90.0
130.1
38.5
46.9
526.8
22.8
129.0
20.1
1.6
1212.9
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
59.3
35.4
5.6
–
10.4
45.1
0.8
18.3
68.6
105.0
0.2
4.2
3.0
355.9
60.3
36.5
6.3
–
11.6
43.8
3.1
18.2
70.1
113.2
0.4
3.8
3.1
370.4
61.8
36.0
5.3
–
13.6
43.0
4.2
16.8
69.6
106.0
0.6
3.9
3.0
363.9
63.9
36.7
4.8
–
13.7
41.4
4.8
17.0
67.0
100.8
3.1
4.0
2.7
359.8
66.8
36.9
4.5
–
13.1
38.8
5.8
16.4
69.5
105.4
8.6
3.7
2.7
372.2
65.8
36.6
4.1
–
12.1
37.3
8.6
15.0
67.1
110.8
10.4
3.4
2.5
373.6
70.9
44.6
3.8
–
11.9
37.0
10.6
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.5
3.5
3.0
378.5
79.0
42.5
3.5
1.2
11.1
36.8
12.2
12.0
69.8
110.3
12.6
3.2
3.5
397.6
83.6
48.2
3.2
8.8
11.2
35.4
17.0
11.8
76.6
121.9
16.1
3.4
3.6
440.7
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
26.9
8.0
158.5
36.3
76.7
35.6
4.1
8.9
11.5
366.6
28.8
7.9
160.1
37.3
75.7
35.5
4.8
10.1
10.6
370.8
27.4
7.6
160.2
36.5
74.2
35.7
5.0
12.1
10.1
368.9
26.7
8.9
160.2
36.5
68.6
33.9
5.4
14.6
10.2
364.9
35.3
9.4
162.6
36.1
71.5
33.7
7.0
16.2
9.4
381.2
31.8
9.9
164.8
36.0
68.0
32.9
7.5
17.1
9.1
377.1
31.6
10.2
166.9
37.0
63.0
34.5
8.2
17.3
9.0
377.5
26.6
10.5
169.6
36.9
57.7
35.6
9.6
17.7
9.1
373.3
TOTAL WORLD
3376.5
3480.5
3548.3
3482.9
3618.1
3602.7
3575.6
of which: European Union 25
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
158.6
1006.5
1380.0
1643.2
353.3
157.3
1019.4
1448.3
1670.3
361.9
161.9
1011.5
1509.9
1675.9
362.5
168.3
988.9
1447.4
1665.6
370.0
159.9
1011.1
1526.0
1698.7
393.4
149.4
999.5
1486.7
1691.4
424.6
152.1
1005.4
1393.3
1716.1
466.2
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
209.8
98.1
133.2
36.7
50.6
514.6
20.8
138.3
18.3
1.4
1221.9
1.2%
9.0%
2.4%
–4.6%
8.1%
–2.3%
–8.9%
7.3%
–8.7%
–7.7%
0.7%
5.4%
2.5%
3.4%
0.9%
1.3%
13.1%
0.5%
3.5%
0.5%
31.2%
86.5
60.7
3.0
9.1
12.7
33.9
17.6
11.7
82.1
125.4
17.5
3.5
3.5
467.2
86.2 –0.3%
69.4 14.3%
3.2
8.6%
8.0 –11.7%
13.5
6.7%
33.0 –2.5%
17.7
0.6%
11.6 –0.9%
85.6
4.2%
119.2 –4.9%
19.6 11.8%
3.3 –7.1%
3.3 –5.3%
473.7
1.4%
2.2%
1.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.8%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
12.1%
23.0
10.3
174.1
37.9
55.9
36.5
9.1
20.8
8.7
376.2
23.3
10.1
180.8
36.2
54.8
34.9
10.8
19.4
9.1
379.5
22.9
10.8
183.7
37.4
51.9
33.8
11.8
17.8
9.9
379.8
3701.3
3862.6
3896.8
3914.1
142.2
995.6
1481.3
1706.4
513.6
132.0
975.9
1594.1
1710.1
558.5
120.3
930.6
1629.8
1689.8
577.1
109.4
910.5
1632.7
1681.6
599.8
◆
–2.1%
7.1%
1.6%
3.1%
–5.3%
–3.1%
8.7%
–8.0%
8.0%
0.1%
0.6%
0.3%
4.7%
1.0%
1.3%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
0.3%
9.7%
0.4% 100.0%
–9.0%
–2.2%
0.2%
–0.5%
3.9%
2.8%
23.3%
41.7%
43.0%
15.3%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and
coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
9
Production by area
Million barrels daily
90
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
80
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
70
North America
60
50
40
30
20
10
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
World oil production rose by 400,000b/d in 2006. Former Soviet Union output rose by 450,000b/d, driven by Russia and Azerbaijan. OECD production fell by 430,000b/d, with
declines in Norway, the UK and Mexico offsetting growth in Canada. Other non-OPEC production increased due to rising Angolan output. OPEC output edged up by 130,000b/d.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2006 by area
50
World
80
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
40
Africa
Asia Pacific
60
30
40
20
20
10
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
0
The world's oil R/P ratio edged lower in 2006, reaching 40.5 years, compared with 41 years in 1996 and 39.8 years in 1986. The level of reserves fell by 1 billion barrels, or 0.1%.
Declines in Norway and Mexico were partially offset by increases in Russia and Brazil.
10
0
Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
18309
1818
1696
21823
18621
1888
1767
22276
18917
1913
1844
22674
19519
1926
1842
23286
19701
1937
1910
23548
19649
2023
1899
23571
19761
2067
1837
23665
20033
2132
1885
24050
20731
2248
1919
24898
20802
2247
1973
25023
20589
2222
1972
24783
–1.3%
–1.5%
–0.8%
–1.3%
24.1%
2.5%
2.2%
28.9%
432
1847
228
268
125
155
426
1062
4543
451
1968
242
272
142
154
452
1094
4774
467
2034
247
266
145
155
475
1124
4914
445
2114
249
238
131
159
474
1129
4939
431
2056
236
232
129
155
496
1126
4861
405
2082
230
245
132
148
545
1138
4924
364
2063
228
222
131
147
594
1144
4892
372
1985
229
222
137
140
479
1160
4725
394
1999
229
223
141
151
518
1170
4826
421
2047
244
225
168
165
547
1189
5006
442
2097
248
230
180
160
565
1230
5152
5.1%
2.2%
1.8%
2.7%
7.3%
–3.9%
3.4%
3.4%
2.9%
0.5%
2.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
6.1%
242
116
197
606
116
177
235
216
1930
2921
372
148
16
124
1956
210
66
810
218
368
259
260
2686
71
1221
362
261
635
65
297
1798
135
462
19555
246
110
179
629
92
170
229
213
1948
2913
379
150
18
136
1969
213
66
856
223
391
293
276
2689
72
1290
336
276
646
67
292
1752
145
474
19738
255
116
175
656
100
174
223
221
2016
2915
374
157
18
152
1974
176
76
854
215
424
322
242
2554
80
1381
338
279
640
75
302
1741
146
459
19826
250
111
154
670
93
174
222
224
2044
2824
383
151
18
172
1980
147
63
880
216
431
330
195
2625
73
1423
337
271
638
80
272
1721
143
425
19742
244
123
143
702
84
169
215
224
2007
2763
406
145
19
170
1956
158
49
897
201
427
324
203
2583
73
1452
318
263
677
79
255
1697
138
402
19564
265
81
149
669
87
178
205
222
2023
2804
411
142
18
185
1946
186
56
942
213
415
327
217
2566
68
1508
318
281
645
83
273
1697
135
427
19743
271
74
145
691
88
174
200
226
1967
2714
414
140
19
182
1943
193
53
952
208
420
338
226
2606
76
1526
317
267
656
86
278
1693
130
453
19726
293
86
152
748
103
185
193
239
1965
2664
404
132
18
178
1927
183
51
962
219
435
317
199
2622
71
1559
332
259
668
95
286
1717
148
495
19905
285
92
154
785
103
203
189
224
1978
2634
435
136
20
185
1873
188
55
1003
210
460
322
230
2634
68
1593
319
258
688
103
293
1764
134
518
20132
295
107
137
815
108
211
195
233
1960
2605
432
159
21
196
1819
208
58
1070
212
479
331
223
2628
81
1619
315
262
649
110
294
1802
139
540
20314
294 –0.2%
96 –10.7%
163 19.0%
837
2.8%
110
1.4%
208 –1.1%
201
3.1%
225 –4.0%
1952 –0.3%
2622
0.9%
451
4.7%
160
1.1%
20 –5.5%
195 –0.6%
1793 –1.1%
221
6.0%
59
0.4%
◆
1057
217
2.9%
502
5.4%
344
4.9%
223 –0.4%
2735
4.2%
82
2.8%
1602 –0.9%
312 –0.9%
269
2.5%
617 –4.7%
117
6.3%
317
8.1%
1781 –1.0%
143
3.0%
558
3.1%
20482
1.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
3.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.2%
2.2%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.3%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%
2.1%
0.2%
0.7%
24.9%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1292
126
38
1336
347
1232
4370
1269
139
41
1391
345
1272
4457
1221
180
43
1492
283
1303
4522
1243
202
42
1504
271
1337
4599
1319
202
44
1536
255
1379
4735
1331
206
54
1551
292
1421
4854
1429
222
79
1572
320
1425
5047
1513
238
77
1684
333
1393
5238
1575
266
84
1805
355
1407
5492
1607
302
98
1891
376
1437
5712
1669
3.7%
275 –10.4%
110 15.0%
2005
6.2%
408
7.8%
1455
1.2%
5923
3.5%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
2.4%
0.5%
1.8%
7.2%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
187
501
437
1114
2239
187
531
444
1146
2307
194
559
450
1185
2388
187
573
461
1226
2448
192
564
475
1226
2458
200
548
486
1239
2473
222
534
499
1254
2510
231
550
512
1274
2567
240
567
523
1314
2645
251
623
494
1362
2731
260
612
499
1419
2790
4.3%
–2.4%
0.6%
4.2%
2.0%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
1.7%
3.4%
794
60
3702
194
1700
888
5813
405
127
329
360
586
2144
731
776
352
18958
822
69
4179
192
1828
963
5762
431
131
339
389
630
2373
773
785
375
20038
825
76
4228
184
1963
914
5525
407
131
350
392
651
2030
786
736
404
19602
843
68
4477
193
2134
980
5618
439
134
363
375
619
2178
964
734
416
20535
837
66
4772
201
2254
1049
5577
441
134
373
348
654
2229
1003
725
451
21114
845
80
4872
243
2284
1088
5435
448
136
366
347
716
2235
991
701
476
21263
846
80
5288
268
2374
1115
5359
489
141
357
332
699
2282
999
766
504
21898
851
83
5803
269
2420
1132
5455
480
148
321
330
668
2300
1069
836
509
22674
854
83
6772
314
2573
1150
5281
493
150
325
336
748
2283
1084
913
546
23905
848
84
6984
285
2569
1168
5355
477
154
353
314
794
2308
1113
918
571
24294
886
4.5%
86
1.7%
7445
6.7%
273 –4.3%
2575
0.6%
1031 –11.9%
5164 –3.7%
499
4.6%
156
1.6%
372
5.9%
307 –1.9%
853
7.8%
2312 –0.1%
1120
0.7%
926
0.7%
584
2.0%
24589
1.3%
1.0%
0.1%
9.0%
0.3%
3.1%
1.3%
6.0%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.1%
2.7%
1.3%
1.1%
0.7%
29.5%
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
71489
73591
73928
75549
76280
76828
77737
79158
81898
83080
83719
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
14060
45647
3910
21932
14209
46498
3890
23202
14503
46592
3741
23595
14522
47492
3700
24357
14402
47672
3623
24986
14553
47704
3627
25497
14471
47687
3667
26383
14546
48289
3748
27121
14686
49095
3783
29021
14861
49448
3819
29812
14865
49041
3997
30682
◆
0.7% 100.0%
0.3%
–0.9%
4.7%
2.9%
18.2%
58.1%
4.8%
37.1%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 8 are accounted for by stock changes; consumption of non-petroleum additives and
substitute fuels; and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
11
Consumption*
Million tonnes
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
836.5
82.1
75.6
994.3
848.0
85.2
79.1
1012.3
863.8
86.7
82.8
1033.3
888.9
87.2
82.4
1058.4
897.6
88.1
85.7
1071.4
896.1
90.5
85.0
1071.6
897.4
92.2
81.5
1071.1
912.3
95.9
83.7
1091.8
948.7
100.6
85.2
1134.6
951.4
100.3
87.7
1139.4
938.8
98.8
86.9
1124.6
–1.3%
–1.5%
–0.8%
–1.3%
24.1%
2.5%
2.2%
28.9%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
20.4
81.3
10.6
12.2
5.7
7.4
19.0
52.2
208.9
21.2
86.8
11.2
12.3
6.5
7.3
20.4
53.7
219.4
22.1
90.0
11.4
12.0
6.6
7.4
21.6
55.1
226.2
21.0
92.5
11.5
10.6
6.0
7.5
21.3
55.2
225.7
20.3
91.6
10.8
10.5
5.8
7.4
22.5
55.2
224.0
19.1
92.9
10.5
11.1
5.9
7.0
24.8
55.6
226.9
17.1
91.6
10.4
10.0
5.9
6.9
27.0
55.8
224.8
17.6
87.8
10.5
10.0
6.2
6.5
22.0
56.6
217.1
18.7
88.4
10.5
10.1
6.3
7.1
24.0
57.1
222.3
20.1
90.1
11.2
10.1
7.5
7.8
25.2
57.8
229.9
21.1
92.1
11.4
10.3
8.1
7.5
26.1
59.8
236.5
5.1%
2.2%
1.8%
2.7%
7.3%
–3.9%
3.4%
3.4%
2.9%
0.5%
2.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
6.1%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
11.6
5.9
9.8
29.4
5.6
8.4
11.4
10.3
91.0
137.4
18.2
7.1
0.8
6.0
94.2
10.2
3.3
37.4
10.1
17.2
12.2
13.0
130.1
3.4
58.7
17.4
12.2
29.8
3.0
14.2
83.9
6.6
22.4
932.1
11.9
5.6
8.8
30.3
4.4
8.0
11.1
10.2
91.7
136.5
18.4
7.1
0.9
6.6
94.6
10.3
3.3
39.5
10.3
18.2
13.9
13.7
129.1
3.4
62.0
16.1
12.8
30.0
3.1
13.8
81.3
7.1
22.8
936.4
12.3
5.9
8.6
31.6
4.8
8.3
10.7
10.5
95.0
136.6
18.2
7.4
0.9
7.4
94.7
8.5
3.8
39.4
10.0
19.9
15.5
12.0
123.7
3.8
66.4
16.2
13.0
29.6
3.4
14.3
80.7
7.1
22.1
942.0
12.1
5.7
7.6
32.4
4.5
8.2
10.6
10.7
96.4
132.4
18.7
7.1
0.9
8.3
94.4
7.0
3.1
40.6
10.1
19.9
15.9
9.5
126.2
3.4
68.4
16.1
12.6
29.5
3.6
12.7
79.4
6.9
20.6
935.3
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
3.9
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
0.9
8.2
93.5
7.4
2.4
41.7
9.4
20.0
15.5
10.0
123.5
3.4
70.0
15.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
6.7
19.4
927.9
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.0
8.3
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
0.9
9.0
92.8
8.9
2.7
43.7
9.7
19.2
15.8
10.6
122.3
3.2
72.7
15.2
13.1
29.9
3.7
12.7
78.4
6.5
20.6
934.3
13.0
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.1
8.2
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.2
6.4
0.9
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
43.8
9.4
19.4
16.2
10.6
123.5
3.5
73.8
15.2
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.1
78.0
6.3
21.8
933.0
14.1
4.3
7.4
36.4
4.8
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.6
6.1
0.9
8.5
92.1
8.8
2.4
44.1
9.9
19.9
15.2
9.4
123.4
3.3
75.5
15.9
12.1
31.2
4.2
13.5
79.0
7.2
23.8
940.6
13.8
4.6
7.5
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.3
6.3
1.0
8.9
89.6
9.0
2.6
46.2
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
124.1
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
32.0
4.6
13.9
81.7
6.5
24.8
953.7
14.2
5.3
6.7
39.9
4.9
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.1
7.4
1.0
9.4
86.7
10.0
2.8
49.6
9.7
21.9
16.0
10.5
123.3
3.8
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.0
4.9
13.9
83.0
6.7
25.7
960.0
14.2 –0.2%
4.7 –10.7%
8.0 19.0%
41.0
2.8%
5.0
1.4%
9.8 –1.1%
9.5
3.1%
10.6 –4.0%
92.8 –0.3%
123.5
0.9%
22.1
4.7%
7.4
1.1%
1.0 –5.5%
9.3 –0.6%
85.7 –1.1%
10.6
6.0%
2.8
0.4%
◆
49.6
10.0
2.9%
23.1
5.4%
16.8
4.9%
10.5 –0.4%
128.5
4.2%
3.9
2.8%
78.1 –0.9%
14.9 –0.9%
12.6
2.5%
28.5 –4.7%
5.2
6.3%
15.0
8.1%
82.2 –1.0%
6.9
3.0%
26.5
3.1%
970.1
1.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
3.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.2%
2.2%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.3%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%
2.1%
0.2%
0.7%
24.9%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
62.8
6.3
1.5
61.9
17.9
60.0
210.4
61.5
6.9
1.7
64.0
17.8
61.7
213.5
59.0
9.1
1.7
68.7
14.4
63.2
216.0
60.0
10.3
1.7
69.8
13.7
64.8
220.2
63.5
10.4
1.7
71.6
12.8
66.9
226.9
63.5
10.5
2.1
71.9
14.6
68.7
231.4
67.9
11.4
3.2
72.7
15.9
68.9
239.9
71.8
12.2
3.0
77.7
16.3
67.4
248.3
74.6
13.7
3.3
83.7
17.4
68.1
260.7
76.5
15.6
3.8
87.2
18.3
69.3
270.7
79.3
3.7%
14.0 –10.4%
4.4 15.0%
92.6
6.2%
19.7
7.8%
70.2
1.2%
280.1
3.5%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
2.4%
0.5%
1.8%
7.2%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
8.1
24.6
20.7
52.7
106.1
8.0
26.0
21.0
54.0
108.9
8.2
27.3
21.3
55.9
112.7
8.1
27.8
21.8
57.9
115.6
8.5
27.2
22.5
57.9
116.2
8.8
26.1
23.0
58.3
116.2
9.7
25.2
23.6
58.9
117.5
10.1
25.9
24.2
59.8
120.1
10.6
26.8
24.8
61.9
124.1
11.0
29.8
23.1
64.0
127.9
11.5
29.1
23.2
66.7
130.5
4.3%
–2.4%
0.6%
4.2%
2.0%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
1.7%
3.4%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
35.9
2.9
173.8
9.3
81.1
42.4
268.8
19.0
5.9
16.6
17.5
30.3
101.4
36.0
37.5
16.7
895.2
37.0
3.3
196.0
9.2
86.5
45.9
265.0
20.2
6.1
17.0
18.8
32.4
111.4
38.1
37.8
17.8
942.6
37.0
3.7
197.0
8.8
92.5
43.5
253.6
19.0
6.1
17.6
19.1
33.3
93.9
38.9
35.4
19.1
918.7
38.0
3.3
209.6
9.3
100.3
46.8
257.3
20.3
6.3
18.2
18.0
31.6
100.7
47.0
35.4
19.7
961.7
37.7
3.2
223.6
9.7
106.1
50.2
255.5
20.4
6.2
18.8
16.6
33.5
103.2
48.9
34.8
21.5
989.9
38.1
3.9
227.9
11.7
107.0
51.9
247.5
20.6
6.3
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
47.3
33.1
22.6
992.2
38.0
3.9
247.4
12.9
111.3
53.1
243.6
22.5
6.5
17.9
15.6
35.5
104.7
47.4
36.4
23.8
1020.4
38.3
4.0
271.7
13.0
113.1
53.9
248.9
22.2
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
50.7
40.0
24.0
1057.3
38.7
4.0
318.9
15.3
120.2
54.7
241.1
22.8
7.0
16.0
15.8
38.1
104.9
51.1
44.0
25.7
1118.2
38.6
4.1
327.8
13.8
119.6
55.3
244.0
22.0
7.1
17.4
14.7
40.9
105.4
52.1
44.0
26.8
1133.4
40.3
4.5%
4.1
1.7%
349.8
6.7%
13.2 –4.3%
120.3
0.6%
48.7 –11.9%
235.0 –3.7%
23.0
4.6%
7.2
1.6%
18.4
5.9%
14.4 –1.9%
44.0
7.8%
105.3 –0.1%
52.5
0.7%
44.3
0.7%
27.3
2.0%
1148.0
1.3%
1.0%
0.1%
9.0%
0.3%
3.1%
1.3%
6.0%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.1%
2.7%
1.3%
1.1%
0.7%
29.5%
TOTAL WORLD
3347.0
3433.2
3449.0
3517.0
3556.2
3572.6
3606.6
3675.3
3813.7
3861.3
3889.8
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
667.1
2114.4
189.9
1042.7
672.0
2146.3
187.2
1099.7
686.6
2151.9
181.1
1116.0
686.3
2188.7
177.8
1150.5
682.6
2199.8
173.2
1183.2
688.4
2197.6
172.6
1202.3
684.6
2190.9
174.1
1241.7
688.2
2223.0
176.9
1275.4
697.2
2266.9
178.8
1368.0
704.1
2279.7
179.9
1401.6
706.3
2259.0
188.3
1442.5
◆
0.7% 100.0%
0.3%
–0.9%
4.7%
2.9%
18.2%
58.1%
4.8%
37.1%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 9 are accounted for by stock changes; consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels; and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
12
Consumption by area
Million barrels daily
90
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
80
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
70
North America
60
50
40
30
20
10
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
World oil consumption rose by just under 650,000b/d in 2006, about half the 10-year average. OECD consumption fell by 400,000b/d, the biggest decline since 1983.
Oil consumption growth was above average in China and oil-exporting countries.
Consumption per capita 2006
Tonnes
0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
13
Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
9389
6193
1348
4893
21823
9560
6398
1351
4967
22276
9849
6450
1506
4869
22674
9998
6628
1415
5245
23286
10106
6811
1518
5112
23548
10211
6812
1411
5137
23571
10523
6655
1209
5278
23665
10675
6861
1271
5243
24050
10979
7133
1339
5446
24898
11020
7249
1396
5358
25023
11106
0.8% 44.8%
7290
0.6% 29.4%
1047 –25.0%
4.2%
5340 –0.3% 21.5%
24783 –1.0% 100.0%
8167
5342
831
3969
18309
8324
5502
777
4017
18621
8579
5545
869
3924
18917
8716
5700
814
4290
19519
8813
5852
893
4143
19701
8890
5884
794
4082
19649
9167
5735
686
4172
19761
9275
5886
763
4109
20033
9518
6116
858
4239
20731
9548
6198
914
4143
20802
9571
0.2% 46.5%
6220
0.4% 30.2%
675 –26.1%
3.3%
4123 –0.5% 20.0%
20589 –1.0% 100.0%
1433
1535
768
807
4543
1495
1623
827
829
4774
1508
1698
850
858
4914
1622
1683
740
894
4939
1474
1681
788
918
4861
1442
1722
750
1011
4924
1443
1714
734
1002
4892
1415
1714
687
908
4725
1369
1836
668
953
4826
1432
1897
707
970
5006
1497
1949
713
994
5152
4.6% 29.1%
2.8% 37.8%
0.7% 13.8%
2.4% 19.3%
2.9% 100.0%
4223
6371
2260
2792
15646
4282
6428
2206
2932
15848
4315
6630
2195
2946
16086
4314
6690
2093
2945
16042
4194
6734
1967
3047
15942
4085
6991
1987
3052
16116
4026
6935
1996
3103
16059
3928
7138
1954
3137
16157
3888
7359
1889
3212
16349
3773
7588
1851
3283
16495
3632
7757
1870
3226
16486
–3.7% 22.0%
2.2% 47.1%
1.0% 11.3%
–1.7% 19.6%
–0.1% 100.0%
892
1084
1143
791
3910
922
1095
1033
840
3890
893
1026
1046
775
3741
858
1022
937
882
3700
797
1008
765
1053
3623
851
1021
693
1062
3627
882
1048
670
1066
3667
937
1085
646
1080
3748
920
1107
597
1159
3783
942
1145
600
1132
3819
999
1199
659
1139
3997
6.1% 25.0%
4.7% 30.0%
9.8% 16.5%
0.6% 28.5%
4.6% 100.0%
789
1475
1261
845
4370
829
1472
1275
881
4457
849
1471
1267
936
4522
859
1502
1316
923
4599
909
1565
1312
948
4735
949
1619
1326
960
4854
1011
1667
1335
1034
5047
1053
1715
1338
1132
5238
1134
1752
1415
1192
5492
1186
1845
1470
1211
5712
1252
1955
1462
1254
5923
5.6% 21.1%
6.0% 33.0%
–0.6% 24.7%
3.6% 21.2%
3.7% 100.0%
552
894
444
350
2239
559
922
462
364
2307
568
958
485
376
2388
574
999
486
389
2448
577
1029
457
395
2458
587
1046
434
407
2473
591
1075
416
428
2510
600
1107
422
438
2567
612
1134
444
454
2645
629
1186
493
422
2731
648
1236
472
434
2790
2.9% 23.2%
4.1% 44.3%
–4.1% 16.9%
2.8% 15.6%
2.2% 100.0%
4686
7179
3831
3262
18958
5140
7479
3893
3526
20038
5232
7187
3673
3511
19602
5523
7627
3726
3659
20535
5675
7763
3689
3987
21114
5804
7919
3491
4049
21263
6064
8060
3414
4360
21898
6321
8191
3558
4603
22674
6683
8658
3572
4992
23905
6841
8924
3601
4928
24294
6986
8913
3639
5052
24589
2.1% 28.4%
–0.1% 36.2%
1.0% 14.8%
2.5% 20.5%
1.2% 100.0%
1140
1093
688
781
3702
1253
1245
736
944
4179
1280
1241
741
967
4228
1249
1467
771
990
4477
1270
1590
775
1136
4772
1256
1669
780
1167
4872
1352
1791
792
1352
5288
1489
1945
880
1489
5803
1673
2285
956
1858
6772
1776
2528
904
1777
6984
1968
2689
940
1848
7445
10.8% 26.4%
6.4% 36.1%
4.0% 12.6%
4.0% 24.8%
6.6% 100.0%
1576
2027
1067
1142
5813
1646
1991
977
1148
5762
1611
1949
879
1086
5525
1702
1978
861
1078
5618
1735
1958
804
1079
5577
1720
1957
690
1067
5435
1759
1930
649
1021
5359
1788
1904
770
993
5455
1793
1856
672
960
5281
1819
1875
698
962
5355
1816
1756
666
925
5164
–0.2% 35.2%
–6.4% 34.0%
–4.6% 12.9%
–3.8% 17.9%
–3.6% 100.0%
21964
24731
11054
13740
22788
25417
11047
14339
23216
25420
11022
14271
23748
26151
10713
14936
23733
26591
10495
15462
23928
27130
10093
15677
24539
27154
9774
16271
24928
27810
9878
16542
25587
28979
9924
17409
25824
29834
10119
17303
26120
30299
9862
17439
71489
73591
73928
75549
76280
76828
77737
79158
81898
83080
83719
3870
5768
1952
2470
3908
5838
1895
2567
3929
6008
1967
2599
3957
6096
1856
2613
3858
6146
1720
2678
3757
6373
1724
2698
3688
6316
1740
2728
3599
6495
1700
2753
3526
6686
1668
2806
3451
6888
1670
2852
3314
7058
1694
2799
–4.0%
2.5%
1.4%
–1.9%
22.3%
47.5%
11.4%
18.8%
Total European Union 25
14060
14209
14503
14522
14402
14553
14471
14546
14686
14861
14865
◆
100.0%
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
15968
15468
5036
9175
16415
15738
4904
9442
16728
15751
4831
9282
17028
16110
4671
9683
17069
16279
4642
9682
17064
16530
4416
9694
17391
16296
4175
9826
17502
16682
4309
9796
17759
17104
4218
10014
17755
17474
4254
9965
17720
17576
3884
9860
–0.2%
0.6%
–8.7%
–1.1%
36.1%
35.8%
7.9%
20.1%
Total OECD
45647
46498
46592
47492
47672
47704
47687
48289
49095
49448
49041
–0.8% 100.0%
5104
8179
4875
3774
5451
8584
5110
4057
5594
8643
5145
4213
5862
9019
5105
4371
5867
9304
5089
4727
6014
9579
4984
4921
6265
9810
4929
5379
6489
10043
4923
5666
6908
10768
5110
6235
7126
11216
5265
6205
7400
11524
5318
6439
3.8%
2.7%
1.0%
3.8%
21932
23202
23595
24357
24986
25497
26383
27121
29021
29812
30682
2.9% 100.0%
North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: USA
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total USA
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
TOTAL WORLD
European Union 25
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Other EMEs‡
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Other EMEs
1.1%
1.6%
–2.5%
0.8%
31.2%
36.2%
11.8%
20.8%
0.8% 100.0%
24.1%
37.6%
17.3%
21.0%
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock. ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including
marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquified petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke,
lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.
14
Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily
Light distillates
Middle distillates
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Fuel oil
96
97
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Others
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Consumption growth in 2006 was below average for all product groupings. Consumption of middle distillates grew most rapidly. Fuel oil consumption declined due to a 25%
drop in North American consumption.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
15
Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel
Dubai
$/bbl*
Brent
$/bbl†
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
1.90
2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
–
–
–
–
12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl
West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl‡
–
–
–
–
12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
–
–
–
–
12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
*1972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2006 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2006 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2006 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.
Source: Platts.
Crude oil prices 1861-2006
US dollars per barrel
World events
Sumatra
production
began
Russian
Pennsylvanian
oil exports
oil boom
began
Loss of
Iranian
supplies
Growth of
Venezuelan
production
Discovery of
Spindletop,
Texas
Fears of
shortage
in USA
East Texas
field
discovered
Post-war
reconstruction
Netback
pricing
introduced
Suez
crisis
Iranian
revolution
Asian
financial
crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait
Yom Kippur
war
Invasion
of Iraq
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69
1870-79
1880-89
$ 2006
$ money of the day
16
1890-99
1900-09
1910-19
1920-29
1930-39
1940-49
1950-59
1960-69
1970-79
1980-89
1990-99
2000-06
0
1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2006 Brent dated.
Rotterdam product prices
US Gulf Coast product prices
US dollars per barrel
US dollars per barrel
100
100
Gasoline
Gasoline
Gas oil
Gas oil
90
Heavy fuel oil
89 90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
1989 to first quarter 1992: leaded gasoline.
From second quarter 1992: unleaded gasoline.
03
04
05
06
90
Heavy fuel oil
80
80
70
70
60
60
50
50
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
89 90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
Source: Platts.
03
04
05
06
0
Source: Platts.
OECD total commercial oil stocks
Million barrels
2800
2700
2600
2500
2400
Jan
Feb
Jan 2006-Dec 2006
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
2300
Source: Monthly Oil Data Service © OECD/IEA, 2007.
Jan 2005-Dec 2005
2001-2005 range
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
17
Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
15452
1807
1444
18703
15711
1811
1449
18971
16261
1844
1449
19554
16512
1861
1449
19822
16595
1861
1481
19937
16785
1917
1481
20183
16757
1923
1463
20143
16894
1959
1463
20316
17125
1915
1463
20503
17335
1927
1463
20725
17455
1968
1463
20886
0.7%
2.1%
–
0.8%
20.0%
2.3%
1.7%
23.9%
651
1481
545
1161
2188
6026
653
1739
545
1161
2226
6324
650
1750
545
1168
2152
6265
645
1845
545
1191
2191
6417
626
1863
545
1281
2208
6523
614
1823
545
1289
2197
6468
611
1868
545
1289
2234
6547
611
1940
545
1289
2227
6612
611
1940
545
1289
2240
6625
611
1941
545
1289
2258
6644
611
1941
580
1289
2259
6680
–
–
6.4%
–
0.5%
0.7%
2.2%
0.7%
1.5%
2.6%
7.7%
692
1749
2098
403
2257
1239
308
6098
1232
422
713
1873
6370
25454
698
1872
2170
403
2243
1266
308
5933
1265
422
713
1823
6352
25468
732
1918
2206
403
2271
1266
310
5577
1247
422
713
1848
6327
25240
736
1933
2240
403
2294
1282
323
5443
1247
422
713
1777
6073
24886
770
1984
2262
403
2294
1282
318
5395
1247
422
713
1778
5969
24837
785
1961
2274
412
2294
1283
307
5363
1247
422
713
1769
5978
24808
803
1987
2286
412
2294
1287
310
5451
1333
422
713
1785
5897
24980
805
1967
2304
412
2294
1287
310
5486
1333
422
713
1813
5890
25036
782
1982
2320
412
2318
1289
310
5491
1358
422
693
1848
5945
25170
778
1978
2322
418
2348
1279
310
5491
1377
422
613
1819
5998
25154
774
1959
2390
425
2359
1282
310
5491
1377
422
613
1819
5949
25171
–0.5%
–1.0%
2.9%
1.7%
0.5%
0.2%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–0.8%
0.1%
0.9%
2.2%
2.7%
0.5%
2.7%
1.5%
0.4%
6.3%
1.6%
0.5%
0.7%
2.1%
6.8%
28.9%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1272
634
825
1699
250
1140
5820
1327
634
880
1704
298
1140
5983
1472
634
895
1762
235
1145
6143
1574
634
895
1823
290
1158
6374
1574
639
690
1806
440
1158
6307
1574
644
745
1806
674
1160
6603
1574
644
770
1810
711
1238
6747
1584
644
905
1890
645
1238
6906
1619
644
905
2075
620
1238
7101
1619
644
905
2100
620
1238
7126
1704
644
905
2100
620
1248
7221
5.3%
–
–
–
–
0.8%
1.3%
2.0%
0.7%
1.0%
2.4%
0.7%
1.4%
8.3%
Total Africa
2987
2928
2881
2983
3034
3217
3294
3313
3311
3332
3336
0.1%
3.8%
848
4226
1210
990
5006
1245
1917
732
777
1088
18039
890
4559
1236
1015
5056
1246
2598
732
824
1109
19265
906
4592
1356
1095
5144
1246
2598
732
890
1154
19713
924
5401
2190
1118
5087
1246
2598
732
914
1235
21445
924
5407
2219
1126
5010
1255
2598
732
1062
1294
21627
916
5643
2261
1126
4705
1255
2598
874
1062
1388
21828
933
5479
2289
1091
4721
1255
2598
1159
1062
1353
21939
860
5487
2333
1056
4683
1255
2598
1159
1062
1281
21774
867
6289
2513
1056
4567
1255
2598
1159
1062
1274
22640
820
6587
2558
1056
4529
1255
2598
1159
1062
1325
22948
820
7029
2992
1126
4542
1255
2633
1140
1082
1326
23944
–
6.7%
17.0%
6.6%
0.3%
–
1.4%
–1.6%
1.9%
0.1%
4.3%
0.9%
8.1%
3.4%
1.3%
5.2%
1.4%
3.0%
1.3%
1.2%
1.5%
27.4%
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Australasia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
77029
78939
79796
81927
82265
83107
83650
83956
85349
85929
87238
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
14206
41478
9131
26420
14374
42683
8980
27276
14576
43574
8671
27551
14450
43850
8379
29698
14571
44006
8301
29958
14583
43950
8236
30921
14860
44222
8163
31265
14881
44306
8198
31453
14975
44458
8263
32629
15024
44551
8243
33135
15081
44817
8203
34218
*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
14195
1644
1491
4848
19187
5477
2389
842
2850
4168
7544
14662
1694
1438
4920
19431
5488
2339
872
3084
4319
8183
14889
1709
1451
5120
19639
5639
2386
866
3060
4212
8010
14804
1714
1389
5191
19095
5632
2343
880
3686
4149
8309
15067
1765
1364
5337
19351
5430
2200
851
4218
4145
8914
15128
1812
1398
5332
19518
5606
2440
847
4215
4107
9048
14947
1862
1387
4941
19539
5788
2377
855
4395
3986
8825
15304
1880
1436
5040
20039
5844
2301
823
4823
4118
9293
15475
1958
1437
5430
20496
5994
2304
820
5382
4038
9939
15220
1901
1415
5405
20890
6119
2468
758
5916
4136
10146
15240
1850
1407
5347
20793
6392
2395
726
6155
4026
10547
64635
66429
66982
67192
68642
69449
68903
70901
73274
74374
74878
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
13027
38183
4713
21739
13258
39455
4761
22214
13769
39937
4519
22526
13305
39455
4471
23266
13398
39801
4583
24258
13407
39822
4797
24830
13192
39131
5060
24712
13462
39937
5277
25686
13758
40484
5433
27357
13813
40334
5725
28315
13487
39958
5894
29026
18
0.4%
0.6%
–0.5%
3.3%
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
TOTAL WORLD
*Input to primary distillation units only.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
1.5% 100.0%
17.3%
51.4%
9.4%
39.2%
Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.
Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*
◆
0.1%
–2.7%
–0.6%
–1.1%
–0.5%
4.5%
–3.0%
–4.1%
4.1%
–2.7%
4.0%
2006
share
of total
20.4%
2.5%
1.9%
7.1%
27.8%
8.5%
3.2%
1.0%
8.2%
5.4%
14.1%
0.7% 100.0%
–2.4%
–0.9%
3.0%
2.5%
18.0%
53.4%
7.9%
38.8%
Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).
Refinery utilization
Percentage
100
90
80
70
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
North America
Middle East
S. & Cent. America
Africa
Europe
Asia Pacific
Former Soviet Union
World
03
04
05
60
06
50
Demand growth slowed again in 2006 and was exceeded by global refining capacity additions for the first time since 2001. As a result, global average refinery utilization
fell to 85.8% versus a revised 86.6% for 2005. Even so, crude runs grew rapidly in Asia Pacific, the Middle East and the Former Soviet Union in support of strong domestic
demand. In every other region, throughputs fell versus 2005 levels.
Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel
18
USGC West Texas Sour Coking
NWE Brent Cracking
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case, they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
19
Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Imports
USA
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
9400
10472
5685
13835
9907
10421
5735
14827
10382
11017
5259
14438
10550
10670
5346
15050
11092
11070
5329
15880
11618
11531
5202
16436
11357
11895
5070
16291
12254
11993
5314
17191
12898
12538
5203
18651
13525
13261
5225
19172
13612
13461
5201
20287
TOTAL WORLD
39392
40890
41096
41616
43371
44787
44613
46752
49290
51182
52561
Exports
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific†
Rest of World*
978
1484
1656
3011
1540
3239
17170
2756
2916
3861
780
976
1492
1767
3219
1463
3413
18184
2743
3102
3841
690
1011
1603
1770
3240
1344
3569
18702
2712
3094
3496
556
956
1520
1739
3145
1851
4019
18341
2726
2985
3543
791
890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
3736
940
910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19098
2724
3182
3914
1506
904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
1317 16.6%
2330
5.8%
2102
1.8%
3681
4.3%
2173
1.1%
7155
1.1%
20204
1.9%
3225
5.1%
4704
7.9%
4312
1.6%
1359 –11.8%
TOTAL WORLD
39391
40890
41097
41616
43371
44789
44613
46752
49290
51182
52561
0.6%
1.5%
–0.5%
5.8%
2006
share
of total
25.9%
25.6%
9.9%
38.6%
2.7% 100.0%
2.5%
4.4%
4.0%
7.0%
4.1%
13.6%
38.4%
6.1%
8.9%
8.2%
2.6%
2.7% 100.0%
*Includes unidentified trade.
†Excludes Japan.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Inter-area movements 2006
To
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. &
Cent.
America
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
–
113.6
84.4
133.1
54.0
17.9
113.2
36.3
95.2
–
0.4
1.3
–
–
10.0
11.5
7.4
–
1.8
4.6
18.4
–
6.8
8.9
1.8
–
–
–
–
–
0.2
5.9
12.2
0.2
–
2.5
4.0
–
0.5
0.3
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
0.3
–
17.8
0.2
6.2
–
3.1
3.2
7.5
4.1
9.9
–
–
4.3
–
0.1
1.1
0.3
15.0
0.5
9.9
23.0
–
290.8
159.3
96.4
39.7
–
–
0.1
0.7
1.3
5.4
22.7
1.7
–
–
0.8
11.8
0.3
37.4
3.2
2.9
–
–
0.1
–
1.2
0.6
–
0.1
–
–
–
0.4
6.2
0.1
–
–
–
0.3
0.8
8.3
20.4
2.4
0.4
–
–
12.9
0.5
24.1
73.9
3.7
37.0
5.3
2.1
–
3.2
5.3
22.8
0.6
4.2
0.3
–
0.1
0.2
2.3
209.1
0.2
3.7
5.4
2.9
2.0
–
2.3
20.3
4.0
1.6
–
–
2.7
4.4
2.7
55.5
0.2
0.3
0.6
3.4
2.5
0.3
–
34.5
–
0.8
–
1.9
1.0
1.3
2.5
329.1
5.3
43.2
0.7
2.0
12.2
0.4
40.3
–
1.2
1.8
–
0.2
–
7.1
9.2
3.0
0.7
0.3
–
–
0.3
–
0.4
–
–
63.1
114.9
104.4
180.7
105.1
353.1
1001.3
159.3
233.9
11.9
10.7
23.2
5.5
59.2
115.6
48.5
TOTAL IMPORTS
671.0
55.7
20.1
57.7
664.9
59.9
39.0
191.7
257.0
108.6
441.7
23.0
2590.4
–
2303
1700
2708
1120
370
2276
742
1917
–
8
27
–
–
205
237
154
–
36
95
371
–
137
178
36
–
–
–
–
–
5
118
255
3
–
53
85
1
9
5
1
–
–
–
2
–
7
–
371
4
125
–
63
64
150
83
199
–
–
87
–
1
24
5
313
11
198
468
–
5885
3208
1947
798
1
–
3
15
27
114
473
35
–
–
17
246
6
756
64
57
–
–
3
–
24
13
–
3
–
–
–
7
–
125
1
–
–
–
7
17
173
410
50
7
1
–
262
9
489
1490
75
742
106
43
–
67
111
472
13
88
7
–
3
4
47
4217
5
75
108
59
41
–
47
416
83
34
1
–
56
93
55
1125
4
6
12
69
52
6
–
715
–
17
–
37
20
27
51
6648
107
867
14
40
251
9
843
–
24
38
–
4
–
147
186
63
15
5
–
–
6
–
9
–
–
1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
240
219
476
115
1236
2381
1004
13612
1130
421
1178
13461
1222
794
3887
5201
2228
8955
473
52561
Million tonnes
From
Europe
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan Singapore
Other
Asia
Pacific
Rest of
World
Total
Thousand barrels daily
From
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL IMPORTS
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
20
Major trade movements 2006
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)
290.8
18.4
54.0
24.1
17.9
113.6
159.3
39.7
209.1
95.2
84.4
96.4
36.3
73.9
113.2
55.5
20.3
22.8
133.1
37.4
23.0
40.3
329.1
34.5
20.4
USA
Canada
Mexico
43.2
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
37.0
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Imports and exports 2006
Crude
imports
USA
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL WORLD
Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
Crude
imports
Thousand barrels daily
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
502.7
42.3
–
33.7
533.6
–
10.1
9.1
2.9
25.6
25.1
145.8
208.6
52.8
340.3
–
168.2
13.5
20.1
24.0
131.4
5.6
7.3
8.4
7.5
6.4
13.9
45.9
48.4
55.8
101.5
–
2.7
88.8
97.5
116.9
29.2
274.6
884.6
128.2
226.5
11.1
6.6
9.6
–
0.9
43.6
11.7
60.4
26.1
6.9
63.8
75.9
78.5
116.7
31.1
7.5
0.8
4.1
13.5
5.5
58.3
72.0
36.8
10096
849
–
676
10715
–
203
182
58
515
504
2928
4190
1060
6834
–
3517
281
421
501
2746
117
152
176
157
134
291
959
1011
1167
2121
–
54
1784
1958
2347
587
5515
17765
2575
4548
224
132
194
–
17
875
235
1263
545
143
1334
1586
1640
2439
651
156
16
86
283
115
1219
1506
769
1932.6
657.8
1932.6
657.8
38810
13751
38810
13751
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
21
Natural gas
Proved reserves
At end 1986
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 1996
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2005
Trillion
cubic
metres
Trillion
cubic
feet
5.36
2.75
2.15
10.26
4.66
1.94
1.81
8.41
5.79
1.63
0.41
7.83
209.15
58.77
13.70
281.62
5.93
1.67
0.39
7.98
3.3%
0.9%
0.2%
4.4%
11.3
8.9
8.9
10.6
0.67
0.14
0.10
0.11
0.06
0.31
2.62
0.23
4.24
0.64
0.11
0.16
0.22
0.20
0.46
4.05
0.22
6.06
0.44
0.74
0.31
0.11
0.33
0.53
4.32
0.07
6.85
14.65
26.12
12.28
4.34
12.00
18.71
152.32
2.40
242.83
0.42
0.74
0.35
0.12
0.34
0.53
4.32
0.07
6.88
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
9.0
66.3
30.2
16.9
*
15.1
*
14.3
47.6
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.07
0.38
0.27
n/a
1.82
2.30
0.17
0.24
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.63
n/a
41.36
47.22
n/a
0.11
0.22
0.28
n/a
1.77
3.00
0.15
0.39
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.76
n/a
56.87
63.55
1.35
0.07
0.18
0.17
3.00
1.39
3.01
0.11
0.63
47.66
2.86
1.10
0.48
1.85
0.46
64.30
47.66
2.72
5.47
5.63
105.90
47.55
102.09
3.67
22.17
1682.07
100.96
38.83
16.98
66.01
15.99
2263.69
1.35
0.08
0.16
0.16
3.00
1.35
2.89
0.10
0.63
47.65
2.86
1.10
0.48
1.87
0.45
64.13
0.7%
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
0.20
13.96
0.82
1.17
0.23
4.44
4.02
0.14
5.41
†
†
30.41
0.14
23.00
3.36
1.49
0.62
8.50
5.69
0.24
5.78
0.48
†
49.31
0.09
27.58
3.17
1.57
1.00
25.36
6.82
0.30
6.07
0.48
0.05
72.49
3.18
992.99
111.90
62.83
34.59
895.24
249.68
10.24
213.95
17.12
1.80
2593.53
0.09
28.13
3.17
1.78
0.98
25.36
7.07
0.29
6.06
0.49
0.05
73.47
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
3.26
0.29
0.73
2.40
0.72
7.40
3.70
0.85
1.31
3.48
0.83
10.17
4.50
1.90
1.32
5.15
1.21
14.08
159.00
68.48
46.45
183.91
42.82
500.67
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
0.89
0.35
0.34
0.87
0.54
2.27
1.50
0.27
0.64
†
0.20
†
0.23
8.14
1.37
0.30
0.40
1.17
0.64
2.05
2.40
0.28
0.59
0.43
0.20
0.17
0.40
10.40
2.61
0.44
0.34
2.45
1.10
2.48
2.48
0.54
0.80
0.43
0.30
0.37
0.34
14.66
107.67
3.57
17.18
41.00
147.89
3.42
16.29
56.65
180.20
2.49
15.93
58.10
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
At end 2006
Trillion
cubic
Share
metres
of total
◆
3.8%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
1.7%
0.7%
1.6%
0.1%
0.3%
26.3%
1.6%
0.6%
0.3%
1.0%
0.2%
35.3%
◆
R/P
ratio
*
7.4
9.9
14.5
*
21.8
33.0
24.4
51.7
77.8
46.0
57.7
6.0
33.7
41.4
59.8
40.5%
8.1
*
*
*
39.0
*
96.0
52.3
*
*
9.0
*
4.50
1.94
1.32
5.21
1.21
14.18
2.5%
1.1%
0.7%
2.9%
0.7%
7.8%
53.3
43.3
88.9
*
*
78.6
91.96
15.36
11.83
86.45
37.95
92.91
87.54
18.99
28.17
15.36
10.63
14.12
11.90
523.15
2.61
0.44
0.34
2.45
1.08
2.63
2.48
0.54
0.80
0.44
0.30
0.40
0.34
14.82
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.3%
0.6%
1.5%
1.4%
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
8.2%
67.0
28.6
27.3
41.8
33.9
35.6
41.2
40.1
26.0
*
12.4
57.1
48.8
39.3
6405.48
85.66
561.29
2051.28
181.46
2.43
15.90
58.11
100.0%
1.3%
8.8%
32.0%
63.3
12.8
14.7
74.6
15.5%
1.7%
1.0%
0.5%
14.0%
3.9%
0.2%
3.3%
0.3%
◆
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in
the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz.
22
Proved reserves at end 2006
Trillion cubic metres
73.47
64.13
14.18
14.82
Africa
Asia Pacific
7.98
6.88
S. & Cent. America North America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Distribution of proved reserves in 1986, 1996 and 2006
Percentage
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America
4.4
5.7
6.9
3.9
9.5
28.2
4.1
3.8
7.8
40.5
33.3
8.2
7.0
6.9
7.6
35.3
43.0
43.9
1986
Total 107.67 trillion cubic metres
1996
Total 147.89 trillion cubic metres
2006
Total 181.46 trillion cubic metres
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
23
Production*
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
533.9
163.6
28.0
725.5
535.3
165.8
31.7
732.8
538.7
171.3
34.3
744.3
533.3
177.4
37.2
747.9
543.2
183.2
35.8
762.2
555.5
186.8
35.3
777.6
536.0
187.8
35.3
759.1
540.8
182.7
36.4
759.9
526.4
183.6
37.4
747.4
511.8
185.9
39.2
736.9
524.1
187.0
43.4
754.4
2.3%
0.6%
10.6%
2.3%
18.5%
6.5%
1.5%
26.5%
28.9
3.2
5.5
4.7
7.1
29.7
2.3
81.4
27.4
2.7
6.0
5.9
7.4
30.8
2.4
82.5
29.6
2.8
6.3
6.3
8.6
32.3
2.5
88.4
34.6
2.3
6.7
5.2
11.7
27.4
2.1
90.0
37.4
3.2
7.2
5.9
14.1
27.9
2.2
97.9
37.1
4.7
7.6
6.1
15.2
29.6
2.3
102.6
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
17.3
28.4
2.2
104.4
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
24.7
25.2
2.2
115.7
44.9
8.5
11.0
6.4
27.3
28.1
2.8
129.0
45.6
10.4
11.4
6.8
30.3
28.9
4.5
137.9
46.1
11.2
11.5
7.3
35.0
28.7
4.8
144.5
1.0%
7.2%
1.3%
7.6%
15.6%
–1.0%
5.0%
4.7%
1.6%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
1.2%
1.0%
0.2%
5.0%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
5.9
6.4
17.4
20.0
6.1
75.8
37.4
3.6
17.2
561.1
32.8
17.2
84.2
45.7
14.6
945.4
5.6
7.9
17.1
19.3
7.6
67.1
43.0
3.6
15.0
532.6
16.1
17.4
85.9
47.8
13.3
899.1
5.2
7.6
16.7
19.0
7.4
63.6
44.2
3.6
14.0
551.3
12.4
16.8
90.2
51.1
12.3
915.4
5.6
7.8
17.8
17.5
9.3
59.3
48.5
3.4
14.0
551.0
21.3
16.9
99.1
51.8
11.5
934.8
5.3
8.1
16.9
16.2
10.8
57.3
49.7
3.7
13.8
545.0
43.8
16.7
108.4
52.6
11.2
959.5
5.2
8.4
17.0
15.2
10.8
61.9
53.9
3.9
13.6
542.4
47.9
17.1
105.9
53.6
11.0
967.7
4.8
8.4
17.0
14.6
10.6
59.9
65.5
4.0
13.2
555.4
49.9
17.4
103.6
53.5
11.3
989.1
4.8
8.0
17.7
13.7
12.9
58.4
73.1
4.0
13.0
578.6
55.1
18.0
102.9
53.6
10.7
1024.7
4.7
9.4
16.4
13.0
20.6
68.8
78.5
4.4
12.8
591.0
54.4
19.1
96.0
55.8
11.0
1055.6
5.3
10.4
15.8
12.1
23.3
62.9
85.0
4.3
12.1
598.0
58.8
19.4
87.5
55.0
10.2
1060.0
6.3
10.4
15.6
11.0
23.9
61.9
87.6
4.3
12.1
612.1
62.2
19.1
80.0
55.4
10.9
1072.9
18.0%
–0.3%
–1.2%
–9.0%
2.7%
–1.6%
3.1%
–1.3%
0.2%
2.4%
5.9%
–1.7%
–8.6%
0.8%
7.8%
1.2%
0.2%
0.4%
0.5%
0.4%
0.8%
2.2%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
21.3%
2.2%
0.7%
2.8%
1.9%
0.4%
37.3%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
7.4
39.0
9.3
4.4
13.7
44.4
2.5
33.8
3.5
158.0
8.0
47.0
9.3
5.0
17.4
45.3
3.8
36.3
3.3
175.4
8.4
50.0
9.5
5.2
19.6
46.8
4.3
37.1
3.2
184.0
8.7
56.4
8.6
5.5
22.1
46.2
4.5
38.5
3.4
193.8
8.8
60.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
4.2
38.4
3.4
206.8
9.1
66.0
8.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
4.1
39.4
3.0
224.8
9.5
75.0
8.0
15.0
29.5
56.7
5.0
43.4
2.6
244.7
9.6
81.5
9.1
16.5
31.4
60.1
5.2
44.8
1.8
259.9
9.8
91.8
11.0
18.5
39.2
65.7
5.3
46.3
3.3
290.7
10.7
100.9
12.3
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.4
47.0
4.4
317.5
11.1
105.0
12.9
25.1
49.5
73.7
5.5
47.4
5.6
335.9
3.2%
4.1%
4.9%
27.0%
8.1%
3.5%
3.3%
0.9%
28.1%
5.8%
0.4%
3.7%
0.4%
0.9%
1.7%
2.6%
0.2%
1.6%
0.2%
11.7%
62.3
11.5
5.8
5.4
3.8
88.9
71.8
11.6
6.0
5.1
4.9
99.4
76.6
12.2
5.8
5.1
5.0
104.8
86.0
14.7
4.7
6.0
5.7
117.1
84.4
18.3
5.3
12.5
6.2
126.8
78.2
21.5
5.6
14.9
7.0
127.2
80.4
22.7
5.6
14.2
7.4
130.3
82.8
25.0
5.8
19.2
8.1
140.9
82.0
26.9
6.2
22.8
8.1
146.0
88.2
34.6
11.3
22.4
8.2
164.8
84.5
44.8
14.8
28.2
8.2
180.5
–4.3%
29.3%
31.0%
25.9%
–
9.5%
2.9%
1.6%
0.5%
1.0%
0.3%
6.3%
29.8
7.6
11.7
20.1
20.5
67.5
33.6
1.6
4.9
15.4
12.2
0.3
3.6
228.6
29.8
7.6
11.7
22.7
23.0
67.2
38.6
1.5
5.2
15.6
15.2
0.5
3.5
242.2
30.4
7.8
10.8
23.3
24.7
64.3
38.5
1.8
4.6
16.0
16.3
0.9
3.6
242.7
30.8
8.3
11.2
25.2
25.9
71.0
40.8
1.7
5.3
17.3
17.7
1.3
3.6
260.1
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.9
68.5
45.3
3.4
5.6
18.8
18.6
1.6
3.7
272.0
32.5
10.7
11.4
30.3
27.2
66.3
46.9
7.2
5.9
19.8
18.0
2.0
3.9
282.2
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
28.7
70.4
48.3
8.4
5.6
20.6
18.9
2.4
5.5
297.0
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.9
72.8
51.8
9.6
4.3
23.2
19.6
2.4
6.7
313.1
35.3
13.3
11.8
41.0
31.6
73.3
53.9
10.2
3.8
26.9
22.4
4.2
6.5
334.2
37.1
14.2
11.5
50.0
32.1
73.8
59.9
13.0
3.8
29.3
23.7
6.9
7.3
362.6
38.9
15.2
12.3
58.6
31.8
74.0
60.2
13.4
3.9
30.7
24.3
7.0
6.9
377.1
4.7%
7.1%
6.5%
17.2%
–1.0%
0.3%
0.4%
3.1%
2.2%
4.8%
2.8%
1.6%
–5.4%
4.0%
1.4%
0.5%
0.4%
2.0%
1.1%
2.6%
2.1%
0.5%
0.1%
1.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%
13.1%
2227.9
219.0
1019.1
669.0
539.8
2231.5
211.1
1024.4
627.4
579.7
2279.5
209.8
1036.1
644.5
599.0
2343.7
213.1
1048.5
656.2
639.0
2425.2
218.4
1070.2
674.5
680.4
2482.1
220.1
1092.8
677.3
712.0
2524.6
215.4
1081.2
691.9
751.6
2614.3
212.0
1085.9
723.5
804.9
2703.1
215.3
1083.6
745.8
873.7
2779.8
199.8
1065.9
760.0
953.9
2865.3
190.0
1078.5
779.3
1007.5
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
3.0% 100.0%
–4.9%
6.6%
1.1% 37.8%
2.5% 27.1%
5.6% 35.1%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an
average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
24
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
487.5
147.3
25.2
659.9
488.7
149.2
28.5
666.5
494.2
154.1
30.9
679.3
487.4
159.7
33.5
680.5
495.5
164.9
32.2
692.6
508.2
168.1
31.8
708.1
489.9
169.0
31.8
690.7
496.2
164.5
32.7
693.4
481.1
165.3
33.6
680.0
468.7
167.3
35.3
671.3
479.3
168.3
39.0
686.6
2.3%
0.6%
10.6%
2.3%
18.5%
6.5%
1.5%
26.5%
26.0
2.9
5.0
4.2
6.4
26.8
2.0
73.2
24.6
2.4
5.4
5.3
6.7
27.7
2.1
74.3
26.6
2.5
5.6
5.6
7.8
29.1
2.3
79.6
31.1
2.0
6.1
4.7
10.6
24.7
1.9
81.0
33.7
2.9
6.5
5.3
12.6
25.1
1.9
88.1
33.4
4.2
6.8
5.5
13.7
26.6
2.0
92.3
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
15.6
25.6
2.0
94.0
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
22.3
22.7
2.0
104.1
40.4
7.6
9.9
5.7
24.6
25.3
2.6
116.1
41.1
9.4
10.2
6.1
27.3
26.1
4.1
124.2
41.5
10.0
10.4
6.6
31.5
25.8
4.3
130.0
1.0%
7.2%
1.3%
7.6%
15.6%
–1.0%
5.0%
4.7%
1.6%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
1.2%
1.0%
0.2%
5.0%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
5.3
5.8
15.7
18.0
5.5
68.2
33.7
3.2
15.5
505.0
29.6
15.4
75.8
41.1
13.1
850.8
5.0
7.1
15.4
17.3
6.8
60.4
38.7
3.2
13.5
479.3
14.5
15.7
77.3
43.0
12.0
809.2
4.7
6.8
15.0
17.1
6.7
57.2
39.8
3.2
12.6
496.2
11.2
15.1
81.2
46.0
11.1
823.9
5.0
7.0
16.1
15.7
8.4
53.3
43.6
3.1
12.6
495.9
19.1
15.2
89.2
46.7
10.3
841.3
4.7
7.3
15.2
14.6
9.7
51.6
44.8
3.3
12.4
490.5
39.5
15.0
97.6
47.4
10.1
863.5
4.7
7.5
15.3
13.7
9.7
55.7
48.5
3.5
12.2
488.2
43.1
15.4
95.3
48.2
9.9
871.0
4.3
7.5
15.3
13.2
9.5
53.9
59.0
3.6
11.9
499.9
44.9
15.7
93.3
48.2
10.1
890.2
4.3
7.2
15.9
12.4
11.7
52.5
65.8
3.6
11.7
520.8
49.6
16.2
92.6
48.3
9.6
922.2
4.2
8.5
14.7
11.7
18.6
61.9
70.6
3.9
11.5
531.9
48.9
17.2
86.4
50.3
9.9
950.1
4.8
9.4
14.2
10.9
21.0
56.6
76.5
3.9
10.9
538.2
52.9
17.4
78.8
49.5
9.1
954.0
5.7
9.4
14.1
9.9
21.5
55.7
78.9
3.8
10.9
550.9
56.0
17.2
72.0
49.9
9.9
965.6
18.0%
–0.3%
–1.2%
–9.0%
2.7%
–1.6%
3.1%
–1.3%
0.2%
2.4%
5.9%
–1.7%
–8.6%
0.8%
7.8%
1.2%
0.2%
0.4%
0.5%
0.4%
0.8%
2.2%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
21.3%
2.2%
0.7%
2.8%
1.9%
0.4%
37.3%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
6.7
35.1
8.4
3.9
12.3
40.0
2.2
30.4
3.1
142.2
7.2
42.3
8.3
4.5
15.7
40.8
3.5
32.7
3.0
157.9
7.5
45.0
8.5
4.7
17.6
42.1
3.8
33.4
2.9
165.6
7.8
50.7
7.8
4.9
19.8
41.6
4.0
34.6
3.1
174.4
7.9
54.2
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
3.8
34.5
3.1
186.1
8.2
59.4
7.7
12.6
24.3
48.3
3.7
35.4
2.7
202.3
8.5
67.5
7.2
13.5
26.6
51.0
4.5
39.1
2.4
220.2
8.7
73.4
8.2
14.9
28.3
54.1
4.6
40.3
1.6
233.9
8.8
82.6
9.9
16.7
35.3
59.1
4.7
41.7
3.0
261.7
9.6
90.8
11.1
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.8
42.3
4.0
285.8
10.0
94.5
11.6
22.6
44.6
66.3
5.0
42.7
5.1
302.3
3.2%
4.1%
4.9%
27.0%
8.1%
3.5%
3.3%
0.9%
28.1%
5.8%
0.4%
3.7%
0.4%
0.9%
1.7%
2.6%
0.2%
1.6%
0.2%
11.7%
56.1
10.4
5.2
4.9
3.4
80.0
64.6
10.5
5.4
4.6
4.4
89.5
68.9
11.0
5.2
4.6
4.5
94.3
77.4
13.2
4.2
5.4
5.1
105.4
76.0
16.5
4.8
11.3
5.6
114.1
70.4
19.3
5.0
13.4
6.3
114.5
72.3
20.4
5.1
12.8
6.7
117.3
74.5
22.5
5.2
17.3
7.3
126.8
73.8
24.2
5.6
20.5
7.3
131.4
79.4
31.2
10.2
20.2
7.4
148.3
76.0
40.3
13.3
25.4
7.4
162.4
–4.3%
29.3%
31.0%
25.9%
–
9.5%
2.9%
1.6%
0.5%
1.0%
0.3%
6.3%
26.8
6.8
10.5
18.1
18.5
60.7
30.3
1.4
4.4
13.8
10.9
0.3
3.2
205.8
26.8
6.8
10.5
20.4
20.7
60.4
34.8
1.4
4.7
14.0
13.7
0.5
3.2
218.0
27.3
7.0
9.7
21.0
22.2
57.8
34.6
1.6
4.2
14.4
14.7
0.8
3.2
218.4
27.7
7.5
10.1
22.7
23.3
63.9
36.8
1.5
4.8
15.6
16.0
1.2
3.2
234.1
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
24.2
61.7
40.7
3.1
5.1
17.0
16.8
1.4
3.3
244.8
29.2
9.7
10.3
27.3
24.5
59.7
42.2
6.5
5.3
17.8
16.2
1.8
3.5
254.0
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
25.9
63.3
43.5
7.6
5.1
18.5
17.0
2.2
5.0
267.3
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.9
65.5
46.6
8.6
3.9
20.8
17.6
2.1
6.1
281.8
31.7
12.0
10.6
36.9
28.4
66.0
48.5
9.2
3.5
24.2
20.2
3.7
5.9
300.8
33.4
12.8
10.4
45.0
28.9
66.4
54.0
11.7
3.4
26.4
21.3
6.2
6.6
326.3
35.0
13.7
11.0
52.7
28.6
66.6
54.2
12.1
3.5
27.6
21.9
6.3
6.2
339.4
4.7%
7.1%
6.5%
17.2%
–1.0%
0.3%
0.4%
3.1%
2.2%
4.8%
2.8%
1.6%
–5.4%
4.0%
1.4%
0.5%
0.4%
2.0%
1.1%
2.6%
2.1%
0.5%
0.1%
1.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%
13.1%
2012.0
197.1
924.1
602.1
485.8
2015.3
190.0
928.9
564.6
521.7
2061.0
188.8
941.9
580.1
539.1
2116.8
191.8
951.1
590.6
575.1
2189.3
196.6
969.8
607.1
612.4
2242.2
198.1
991.8
609.6
640.8
2279.6
193.8
980.5
622.7
676.4
2362.3
190.8
986.8
651.1
724.4
2440.1
193.8
982.6
671.2
786.3
2509.9
179.9
967.4
684.0
858.5
2586.4
171.0
978.3
701.4
906.7
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
3.0% 100.0%
–4.9%
6.6%
1.1% 37.8%
2.5% 27.1%
5.6% 35.1%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
25
Production by area
Billion cubic metres
3000
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
World natural gas production rose by 3.0% in 2006, above the 10-year average of 2.5%, driven by above-average growth in Russia and North America. Russia registered the
largest incremental growth, followed by the US, Egypt and China. UK production continued to decline.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2006 by area
80
World
250
North America
S. & Cent. America
70
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
60
200
Asia Pacific
50
150
40
100
30
20
50
10
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
0
0
The world's natural gas R/P ratio declined to 63.3 years in 2006 even though reserves increased by more than 1 trillion cubic metres. OPEC members accounted for almost all the
increase. The global natural gas R/P ratio remained well above the oil R/P ratio.
26
Consumption
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
640.2
85.3
28.6
754.1
643.8
83.8
32.3
759.9
629.9
85.0
35.4
750.3
634.4
83.1
37.4
754.9
660.7
83.0
38.5
782.2
629.7
82.8
39.0
751.6
651.5
85.6
42.7
779.7
630.8
92.2
45.8
768.8
634.0
92.6
48.6
775.2
629.8
91.4
47.6
768.8
619.7
96.6
54.1
770.3
–1.7%
5.7%
13.6%
0.1%
22.0%
3.4%
1.9%
27.3%
31.0
5.5
1.7
4.7
0.1
0.4
29.7
8.2
81.4
28.5
6.0
2.8
5.9
0.1
0.2
30.8
8.5
82.9
30.5
6.3
3.3
6.2
0.1
0.4
32.3
10.0
89.1
32.4
7.1
4.6
5.2
0.1
0.4
27.4
11.3
88.5
33.2
9.3
5.2
5.9
0.1
0.3
27.9
11.9
94.0
31.1
11.7
6.3
6.1
0.2
0.4
29.6
13.6
98.9
30.3
14.4
6.5
6.1
0.1
0.4
28.4
14.4
100.7
34.6
15.9
7.1
6.0
†
0.5
25.2
15.9
105.3
37.9
19.0
8.3
6.3
0.2
0.9
28.1
16.2
117.0
40.4
19.9
8.5
6.8
0.3
1.5
28.9
19.4
125.8
41.8
3.5%
21.1
6.1%
7.6 –11.5%
7.3
7.6%
0.3
3.8%
1.8 17.0%
28.7 –1.0%
22.1 14.0%
130.6
3.9%
1.5%
0.7%
0.3%
0.3%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
8.4
5.9
13.0
13.1
5.2
8.4
4.1
3.3
36.1
83.6
†
11.4
–
3.0
51.5
9.0
2.5
41.7
3.2
10.6
–
24.2
379.9
6.2
9.3
0.9
2.6
7.9
10.0
82.5
82.1
43.3
13.5
976.4
8.1
5.6
14.8
12.5
4.1
8.5
4.4
3.2
34.6
79.2
0.2
10.8
–
3.1
53.2
7.1
2.6
39.1
3.7
10.5
0.1
20.0
350.4
6.3
12.3
0.8
2.5
9.7
10.1
74.3
84.5
45.4
14.7
936.4
8.3
5.2
15.0
13.8
3.5
8.5
4.8
3.7
37.0
79.7
0.8
10.9
–
3.1
57.2
7.3
2.3
38.7
3.8
10.6
0.8
18.7
364.7
6.4
13.1
0.9
2.6
10.3
10.3
68.8
87.9
47.0
14.6
960.3
8.5
5.6
15.3
14.7
3.0
8.6
5.0
3.7
37.7
80.2
1.5
11.0
–
3.3
62.2
7.9
2.4
37.9
3.6
10.3
2.3
17.2
363.6
6.4
15.0
0.8
2.7
12.4
11.3
73.0
92.5
49.3
12.9
981.8
8.1
5.4
16.2
14.9
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.7
79.5
2.0
10.7
–
3.8
64.9
9.7
2.7
39.2
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
377.2
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.6
12.6
73.1
96.9
47.1
13.5
1013.5
8.6
7.8
16.1
14.6
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.7
82.9
2.0
11.9
–
4.0
65.0
10.1
2.8
39.1
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
372.7
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.9
70.9
96.4
51.1
14.7
1025.5
8.5
7.8
16.6
14.8
2.7
8.7
5.2
4.0
41.7
82.6
2.1
11.8
–
4.1
64.6
11.1
2.9
39.3
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
388.9
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
13.2
69.8
95.1
52.4
13.8
1045.6
9.4
8.0
16.3
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.3
85.5
2.4
12.9
–
4.1
70.9
13.3
3.1
40.3
4.3
11.2
3.0
18.3
392.9
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.6
68.0
95.3
47.2
14.2
1070.5
9.5
8.6
18.5
16.5
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.3
44.5
85.9
2.7
12.8
–
4.1
73.6
15.4
3.1
41.1
4.6
13.1
3.8
17.5
401.9
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.5
72.9
97.0
44.8
13.9
1101.2
10.0
8.9
18.9
16.6
2.9
8.5
5.0
4.0
45.8
86.2
2.8
13.2
–
3.9
78.7
19.6
3.3
39.5
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.3
405.1
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.6
72.9
95.1
44.0
14.6
1125.3
9.4 –6.0%
9.6
8.1%
19.6
3.4%
17.0
2.4%
3.0
3.1%
8.5 –0.3%
5.1
1.8%
4.3
7.7%
45.2 –1.5%
87.2
1.1%
3.2 15.2%
12.5 –4.9%
–
–
4.5 15.6%
77.1 –2.1%
20.2
3.3%
3.3
0.1%
38.3 –3.0%
4.4 –1.4%
13.7
0.6%
4.1 –3.9%
17.0 –1.7%
432.1
6.7%
5.5 –16.0%
33.4
3.2%
0.8
7.1%
3.0 –3.7%
30.5 13.5%
18.9 14.0%
66.4 –8.8%
90.8 –4.5%
43.2 –1.9%
14.7
0.7%
1146.3
1.9%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
38.9
9.3
13.7
44.4
27.2
17.3
150.7
47.1
9.3
14.5
45.3
29.0
19.6
164.9
51.8
9.5
14.8
46.8
30.4
20.5
173.7
58.4
8.6
14.0
46.2
31.4
21.5
180.1
62.9
9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
22.1
185.4
70.2
8.5
11.0
53.7
32.3
22.8
198.4
79.2
8.0
11.1
56.7
36.4
23.6
215.1
82.9
9.1
12.2
60.1
37.9
23.9
226.1
93.4
11.0
15.0
65.7
40.2
27.4
252.8
102.4
12.3
18.7
71.2
41.3
30.9
276.8
105.1
12.9
19.5
73.7
41.7
36.4
289.3
2.7%
4.9%
4.3%
3.5%
1.0%
17.5%
4.5%
3.7%
0.5%
0.7%
2.6%
1.5%
1.3%
10.1%
21.6
11.3
–
14.3
47.2
20.2
11.6
–
14.4
46.1
20.9
12.0
–
14.9
47.7
21.3
14.3
–
15.2
50.9
19.8
18.3
–
17.0
55.2
20.5
21.5
–
17.1
59.1
20.2
22.7
–
17.2
60.1
21.4
24.6
–
19.2
65.2
22.0
26.2
–
21.4
69.6
23.2
25.8
–
22.8
71.8
23.7
28.7
–
23.3
75.8
2.2%
11.4%
–
2.3%
5.5%
0.8%
1.0%
–
0.8%
2.6%
20.7
7.6
17.9
1.7
20.5
32.2
64.0
17.8
4.7
15.4
†
1.5
13.5
5.2
11.4
3.8
238.0
21.4
7.6
19.0
2.6
23.0
31.9
66.0
16.7
5.1
15.6
†
1.5
16.4
6.2
14.2
4.3
251.5
22.4
7.8
19.7
2.5
24.7
27.8
68.7
17.4
4.5
16.0
†
1.5
15.4
6.9
15.1
4.7
254.8
23.2
8.3
20.9
2.7
25.9
31.8
71.7
16.1
5.2
17.3
†
1.5
18.7
7.1
16.4
5.0
271.8
23.9
10.0
23.8
2.5
26.9
32.3
74.9
24.3
5.5
18.8
†
1.7
21.0
7.8
19.2
5.1
297.8
24.5
10.7
26.8
2.5
27.2
33.5
76.6
25.8
5.7
19.8
0.1
4.5
23.1
7.9
22.2
5.2
316.2
25.4
11.4
28.6
2.4
28.7
34.5
75.2
26.8
5.5
20.6
1.8
4.9
25.7
8.4
23.9
5.3
329.0
26.4
12.3
33.2
1.5
29.9
33.4
82.6
31.8
4.1
23.2
2.7
5.3
26.9
8.7
26.3
5.6
354.0
26.7
13.3
38.9
2.2
34.2
35.1
77.9
33.9
3.7
26.9
2.4
6.6
31.5
10.6
27.4
9.0
380.3
27.7
14.2
45.7
2.2
38.1
37.5
79.0
39.3
3.5
29.3
3.0
6.6
33.7
10.7
29.9
11.4
411.8
28.6
3.4%
15.2
7.1%
55.6 21.6%
2.4 13.2%
39.7
4.3%
39.6
5.6%
84.6
7.0%
40.3
2.5%
3.7
6.4%
30.7
4.8%
2.6 –13.8%
6.6
–
34.2
1.4%
11.9 12.1%
30.6
2.3%
12.1
6.3%
438.5
6.5%
1.0%
0.5%
1.9%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
3.0%
1.4%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%
0.4%
1.1%
0.4%
15.3%
2247.8
378.9
1244.6
553.9
449.3
2241.7
376.6
1256.1
519.1
466.5
2275.9
391.4
1264.1
529.4
482.4
2327.9
406.8
1293.9
536.2
497.8
2428.0
420.0
1343.1
551.9
533.1
2449.7
430.3
1328.3
552.9
568.5
2530.2
431.2
1360.6
570.3
599.3
2589.8
450.1
1380.4
571.3
638.0
2696.0
463.6
1401.5
587.7
706.8
2780.3
473.8
1414.0
597.1
769.2
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2850.8
467.4
1419.8
621.1
809.9
◆
0.1%
1.0%
0.8%
4.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.6%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
–
0.2%
2.7%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
15.1%
0.2%
1.2%
◆
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
2.3%
3.2%
1.5%
0.5%
40.1%
2.5% 100.0%
–1.4% 16.3%
0.3% 50.0%
4.0% 21.7%
5.3% 28.3%
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 24 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants,
together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15°C and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
27
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
584.6
76.7
25.7
687.0
587.9
75.4
29.1
692.3
578.0
76.5
31.9
686.3
579.8
74.8
33.6
688.2
602.7
74.7
34.6
712.0
576.1
74.5
35.1
685.7
595.4
77.0
38.4
710.8
578.8
82.9
41.2
702.9
579.4
83.4
43.8
706.5
576.7
82.3
42.8
701.8
566.9
87.0
48.7
702.5
–1.7%
5.7%
13.6%
0.1%
22.0%
3.4%
1.9%
27.3%
27.9
5.0
1.5
4.2
0.1
0.4
26.8
7.4
73.2
25.7
5.4
2.5
5.3
0.1
0.2
27.7
7.7
74.6
27.5
5.6
2.9
5.6
0.1
0.4
29.1
9.0
80.2
29.1
6.4
4.1
4.7
0.1
0.4
24.7
10.2
79.6
29.9
8.4
4.7
5.3
0.1
0.3
25.1
10.7
84.6
28.0
10.5
5.7
5.5
0.1
0.3
26.6
12.2
89.0
27.2
13.0
5.9
5.5
0.1
0.4
25.6
13.0
90.7
31.1
14.3
6.4
5.4
†
0.5
22.7
14.3
94.8
34.1
17.1
7.5
5.7
0.2
0.8
25.3
14.6
105.3
36.4
17.9
7.7
6.1
0.2
1.4
26.1
17.5
113.2
37.6
3.5%
19.0
6.1%
6.8 –11.5%
6.6
7.6%
0.2
3.8%
1.6 17.0%
25.8 –1.0%
19.9 14.0%
117.5
3.9%
1.5%
0.7%
0.3%
0.3%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
7.6
5.3
11.7
11.8
4.6
7.6
3.7
3.0
32.5
75.2
†
10.2
–
2.7
46.4
8.1
2.3
37.5
2.9
9.5
–
21.8
341.9
5.5
8.4
0.8
2.4
7.1
9.0
74.2
73.9
39.0
12.2
878.8
7.3
5.0
13.3
11.3
3.7
7.7
3.9
2.9
31.2
71.3
0.2
9.7
–
2.8
47.9
6.4
2.4
35.2
3.3
9.4
0.1
18.0
315.3
5.6
11.1
0.7
2.3
8.7
9.1
66.8
76.0
40.9
13.3
842.7
7.5
4.7
13.5
12.4
3.1
7.7
4.3
3.3
33.3
71.7
0.8
9.8
–
2.8
51.5
6.5
2.1
34.9
3.4
9.5
0.7
16.8
328.3
5.7
11.8
0.8
2.4
9.2
9.2
61.9
79.1
42.3
13.2
864.3
7.6
5.0
13.8
13.3
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.3
33.9
72.1
1.3
9.9
–
3.0
56.0
7.1
2.2
34.1
3.2
9.3
2.0
15.5
327.3
5.8
13.5
0.8
2.4
11.1
10.2
65.7
83.2
44.3
11.6
883.6
7.3
4.9
14.6
13.4
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.7
71.5
1.8
9.7
–
3.4
58.4
8.7
2.5
35.3
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
339.5
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
13.1
11.3
65.8
87.2
42.4
12.1
912.1
7.7
7.0
14.5
13.2
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.5
74.6
1.8
10.7
–
3.6
58.5
9.1
2.5
35.2
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
335.4
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.6
63.8
86.7
46.0
13.3
923.0
7.7
7.0
14.9
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
37.5
74.3
1.9
10.6
–
3.7
58.1
10.0
2.6
35.4
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
350.0
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.9
62.8
85.6
47.2
12.4
941.0
8.5
7.2
14.7
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
39.0
77.0
2.2
11.6
–
3.7
63.8
12.0
2.8
36.2
3.9
10.1
2.7
16.5
353.6
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
13.2
61.2
85.8
42.5
12.8
963.4
8.5
7.7
16.6
14.9
2.5
7.8
4.7
3.9
40.1
77.3
2.4
11.5
–
3.6
66.2
13.9
2.8
37.0
4.1
11.8
3.4
15.7
361.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.9
65.6
87.3
40.3
12.5
991.1
9.0
8.0
17.0
14.9
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.6
41.3
77.6
2.5
11.9
–
3.5
70.8
17.6
2.9
35.5
4.0
12.3
3.8
15.6
364.6
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.9
65.6
85.6
39.6
13.1
1012.8
8.5 –6.0%
8.6
8.1%
17.6
3.4%
15.3
2.4%
2.7
3.1%
7.6 –0.3%
4.6
1.8%
3.8
7.7%
40.6 –1.5%
78.5
1.1%
2.9 15.2%
11.3 –4.9%
–
–
4.0 15.6%
69.4 –2.1%
18.2
3.3%
2.9
0.1%
34.5 –3.0%
4.0 –1.4%
12.3
0.6%
3.7 –3.9%
15.3 –1.7%
388.9
6.7%
5.0 –16.0%
30.0
3.2%
0.8
7.1%
2.7 –3.7%
27.4 13.5%
17.0 14.0%
59.8 –8.8%
81.7 –4.5%
38.9 –1.9%
13.2
0.7%
1031.7
1.9%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
35.0
8.4
12.3
40.0
24.4
15.6
135.7
42.4
8.3
13.1
40.8
26.1
17.7
148.4
46.6
8.5
13.3
42.1
27.4
18.5
156.4
52.5
7.8
12.6
41.6
28.3
19.4
162.1
56.6
8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
19.9
166.9
63.2
7.7
9.9
48.3
29.1
20.5
178.6
71.3
7.2
10.0
51.0
32.8
21.2
193.6
74.6
8.2
11.0
54.1
34.1
21.5
203.4
84.1
9.9
13.5
59.1
36.2
24.7
227.5
92.1
11.1
16.8
64.1
37.1
27.9
249.1
94.6
11.6
17.6
66.3
37.5
32.7
260.3
2.7%
4.9%
4.3%
3.5%
1.0%
17.5%
4.5%
3.7%
0.5%
0.7%
2.6%
1.5%
1.3%
10.1%
19.4
10.2
–
12.9
42.5
18.1
10.4
–
12.9
41.5
18.8
10.8
–
13.4
42.9
19.2
12.9
–
13.7
45.8
17.9
16.5
–
15.3
49.6
18.5
19.3
–
15.4
53.2
18.2
20.4
–
15.5
54.1
19.3
22.1
–
17.2
58.6
19.8
23.6
–
19.2
62.6
20.9
23.2
–
20.5
64.6
21.4
25.8
–
21.0
68.2
2.2%
11.4%
–
2.3%
5.5%
0.8%
1.0%
–
0.8%
2.6%
18.7
6.8
16.1
1.5
18.5
29.0
57.6
16.0
4.3
13.8
†
1.4
12.2
4.7
10.3
3.5
214.2
19.3
6.8
17.1
2.4
20.7
28.7
59.4
15.0
4.6
14.0
†
1.4
14.8
5.6
12.8
3.9
226.3
20.1
7.0
17.7
2.2
22.2
25.0
61.8
15.7
4.0
14.4
†
1.4
13.8
6.2
13.6
4.2
229.3
20.9
7.5
18.8
2.4
23.3
28.7
64.5
14.5
4.7
15.6
†
1.4
16.8
6.4
14.8
4.5
244.6
21.5
9.0
21.5
2.2
24.2
29.1
67.4
21.9
4.9
17.0
†
1.6
18.9
7.0
17.3
4.6
268.0
22.1
9.7
24.1
2.2
24.5
30.1
68.9
23.2
5.2
17.8
0.1
4.1
20.8
7.1
20.0
4.7
284.6
22.8
10.3
25.7
2.1
25.9
31.1
67.7
24.1
4.9
18.5
1.6
4.4
23.1
7.6
21.6
4.8
296.1
23.7
11.1
29.9
1.4
26.9
30.1
74.3
28.6
3.7
20.8
2.4
4.8
24.2
7.8
23.7
5.1
318.6
24.0
12.0
35.0
2.0
30.8
31.6
70.1
30.5
3.3
24.2
2.1
5.9
28.4
9.6
24.6
8.1
342.3
24.9
12.8
41.2
1.9
34.3
33.8
71.1
35.4
3.1
26.4
2.7
5.9
30.4
9.6
26.9
10.3
370.6
25.8
3.4%
13.7
7.1%
50.0 21.6%
2.2 13.2%
35.8
4.3%
35.6
5.6%
76.1
7.0%
36.2
2.5%
3.3
6.4%
27.6
4.8%
2.3 –13.8%
5.9
–
30.8
1.4%
10.7 12.1%
27.5
2.3%
10.9
6.3%
394.7
6.5%
1.0%
0.5%
1.9%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
3.0%
1.4%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%
0.4%
1.1%
0.4%
15.3%
2031.4
341.0
1128.4
498.5
404.4
2025.9
339.0
1138.9
467.1
419.9
2059.4
352.2
1148.7
476.5
434.2
2104.0
366.1
1173.4
482.6
448.0
2193.2
378.0
1216.8
496.7
479.8
2214.1
387.3
1204.8
497.6
511.6
2286.3
388.1
1233.7
513.3
539.4
2341.8
405.1
1253.4
514.2
574.2
2435.3
417.2
1270.2
528.9
636.2
2512.2
426.4
1282.5
537.4
692.3
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2574.9
420.6
1287.0
559.0
728.9
0.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.6%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
–
0.2%
2.7%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
15.1%
0.2%
1.2%
◆
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
2.3%
3.2%
1.5%
0.5%
40.1%
2.5% 100.0%
–1.4% 16.3%
0.3% 50.0%
4.0% 21.7%
5.3% 28.3%
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 25 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction
plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
28
◆
0.1%
1.0%
0.8%
4.6%
Consumption by area
Billion cubic metres
3000
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
World natural gas consumption rose by 2.5% in 2006. Russia accounted for nearly 40% of global consumption growth. Asia Pacific consumption growth remained strong.
Consumption fell in the US and UK.
Consumption per capita 2006
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
29
Trade movements 2006 by pipeline
Billion cubic metres
Ru
ssi
an
Fe
d.
Tur
km
en
ist
Ot
an
he
r
&
Eu Euro
ras pe
ia
Ira
n
Ne
the
rla
nd
s
No
rw
ay
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
99.83
9.37
9.85
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.80
9.46
5.56
0.12
1.10
– 0.78
6.85
–
–
–
1.00 7.60 8.50 0.64 0.63
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 2.85
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.75
– 0.40
–
–
– 2.35
– 7.13
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 4.52
–
–
–
0.10 9.50 14.50 0.20 9.50
–
–
–
– 21.30 26.80 3.08 36.54
– 1.20
–
–
–
–
– 2.40
–
–
–
0.83
–
–
– 8.32
– 1.80
–
–
–
– 3.40
–
–
–
–
2.50 8.70 7.20 0.80 22.92
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.70
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 2.90
–
–
–
0.70
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.50
– 7.00 1.82 2.97
–
–
–
0.35
– 0.49
– 7.00 0.21 2.52
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.30
–
–
– 3.95
– 1.00
–
–
–
–
– 2.15
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 6.30
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.56
– 0.10
–
–
– 2.12
–
–
–
–
–
0.15
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.20 0.90 0.08
– 0.37
– 0.50
–
–
–
–
– 19.65
–
– 5.69
1.00 0.60 14.10
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.08
– 1.50
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
24.46
–
–
–
–
–
2.10
–
–
–
0.44
8.62
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 7.69
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8.73
18.37
2.85
1.15
9.48
4.52
35.70
90.84
2.40
10.95
3.40
74.27
1.70
2.90
1.50
18.53
10.57
2.10
6.25
2.15
6.30
1.10
10.74
1.08
3.05
25.34
17.50
1.58
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.80
1.93
1.40
–
–
Om
an
My
an
ma
r
–
–
–
Eg
yp
t
–
–
–
Alg
eri
a
–
–
–
Un
it
Kin ed
gd
om
–
–
–
Ge
rm
an
y
–
–
–
De
nm
ark
–
–
–
Be
lgiu
m
Ind
on
es
ia
Ma
lay
sia
–
–
–
Lib
ya
– 99.75 0.08
9.37
–
–
9.85
–
–
Arg
en
tin
a
Bo
livi
a
Me
xic
o
Ca
na
da
US
A
To
North America
USA
Canada
Mexico
From
Total
imports
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Uruguay
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.80
– 0.46 9.00
– 5.56
–
– 0.12
–
Europe
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Others
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.90
–
–
– 1.92
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.80
–
–
– 2.24
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.93
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.80
–
–
–
–
Middle East
Iran
Jordan
United Arab Emirates
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 5.80
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.40
Africa
Tunisia
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.30
–
–
–
1.30
Asia Pacific
Singapore
Thailand
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 4.83 1.78
–
–
–
– 8.98
6.61
8.98
19.22 99.75 0.08 6.14 10.80 4.50 5.09 14.73 48.60 84.00 9.94 151.46 6.01 7.52 5.69 1.40 36.92 1.93 7.69 4.83 1.78 8.98
537.06
TOTAL EXPORTS
–
–
– 1.93
–
–
–
–
Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.
Data excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and United Arab Emirates.
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
Trade movements 2006 – liquefied natural gas
Billion cubic metres
Ma
lay
sia
Ind
on
es
ia
Bru
ne
i
Au
str
alia
Nig
eri
a
Lib
ya
Eg
yp
t
Alg
eri
a
UA
E
Qa
tar
Om
an
Trin
i
& T dad
ob
ag
o
TOTAL EXPORTS
US
A
To
North America
USA
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Europe
Belgium
France
Greece
Italy
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Asia Pacific
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Taiwan
From
Total
imports
–
–
10.85
0.16
–
–
–
0.08
–
–
0.49
–
3.60
0.16
–
–
1.62
0.54
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
16.56
0.94
–
–
0.25
0.72
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.25
0.72
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.16
–
–
–
–
3.00
–
0.60
–
–
–
–
–
1.00
–
–
0.36
–
–
–
–
5.00
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.35
7.35
0.45
3.00
–
2.80
4.60
2.00
0.25
2.30
0.04
0.10
–
4.80
–
0.96
–
–
–
–
–
0.72
–
–
0.16
4.23
–
–
1.97
7.10
1.12
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.28
13.88
0.49
3.10
1.97
24.42
5.72
3.56
–
–
1.72
–
–
–
–
0.44
0.07
–
–
0.24
3.04
7.10
0.16
–
6.80
9.87
8.98
–
–
0.08
7.00
–
–
–
0.08
0.24
0.32
–
–
0.55
0.80
1.25
0.16
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.08
0.22
0.16
0.38
1.00
0.08
15.68
0.87
0.40
–
–
8.65
1.16
–
–
–
18.60
6.72
4.25
–
0.08
15.60
7.51
4.85
1.00
7.99
81.86
34.14
10.20
1.72
16.25
11.54
31.09
7.08
24.68
14.97
0.72
17.58
18.03
9.81
29.57
28.04
211.08
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
30
Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)
131.81
69.90
19.65
14.10
3.40
6.54
99.75
9.87
21.30 8.45
18.95
8.62
24.46
9.37
2.10
9.85
7.00
5.80
8.98
1.72
4.60
7.10
3.60
7.51
4.85
5.00
10.85
6.80
15.60
6.72
8.98
4.25
8.65
14.58
4.83
18.60
3.04
9.00
15.68
USA
Canada
Mexico
5.56
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Natural gas
Asia Pacific
LNG
Prices
US dollars per million Btu
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
LNG
Japan
cif
European
Union cif
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
3.65
2.59
2.36
2.09
2.82
3.18
2.76
2.53
2.24
2.37
2.43
2.65
2.26
1.80
3.25
4.15
3.46
4.40
4.56
6.28
8.77
Natural gas
UK
Heren NBP Index†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
USA
Henry Hub‡
–
–
–
1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.75
2.52
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.06
3.34
5.62
5.85
8.80
6.76
Canada
Alberta‡
Crude oil
OECD
countries cif
–
–
–
–
1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.60
2.58
4.82
5.03
7.26
5.83
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
†Price is for NBP Day-Ahead Index. Source: Heren Energy Ltd.
‡Source: Natural Gas Week.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
31
Coal
Proved reserves at end 2006
Anthracite
and
bituminous
Subbituminous
and lignite
Total
Share
of total
R/P ratio
111338
3471
860
115669
135305
3107
351
138763
246643
6578
1211
254432
27.1%
0.7%
0.1%
28.0%
234
105
109
226
–
6230
479
992
7701
10113
381
–
1698
12192
10113
6611
479
2690
19893
1.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%
2.2%
*
101
60
*
246
4
2094
15
183
–
198
28151
14000
22
49088
200
278
16274
220
1529
112256
2183
3458
–
6556
3900
3159
3128
–
472
107922
330
3908
17879
–
21944
174839
2187
5552
15
6739
3900
3357
31279
14000
494
157010
530
4186
34153
220
23473
287095
0.2%
0.6%
80
89
30
34
55
337
325
90
14
*
29
66
424
12
352
237
48750
502
910
419
50581
–
–
174
–
174
48750
502
1084
419
50755
5.4%
0.1%
0.1%
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
38600
62200
90085
740
359
33
300
–
–
–
150
97
192564
39900
52300
2360
4228
–
538
300
3050
80
1354
–
215
104325
78500
114500
92445
4968
359
571
600
3050
80
1354
150
312
296889
8.6%
12.6%
10.2%
0.5%
32.7%
210
48
207
25
268
99
20
*
28
70
4
7
85
TOTAL WORLD
478771
430293
909064
100.0%
147
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
17424
172363
94513
211895
17938
200857
132741
96695
35362
373220
227254
308590
3.9%
41.1%
25.0%
33.9%
65
177
464
86
Million tonnes
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
◆
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
3.4%
1.5%
0.1%
17.3%
0.1%
0.5%
3.8%
◆
2.6%
31.6%
◆
5.6%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
◆
0.1%
◆
◆
190
176
*
399
194
*More than 500 years.
Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources 2004, World Energy Council.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Prices
US dollars per tonne
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
†Source: McCloskey Coal Information Service.
‡Price is for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO2 coal, fob. Source: Platts.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.
32
Northwest
Europe
marker price†
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.29
31.65
42.52
71.90
61.07
63.67
US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡
29.01
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
49.74
32.95
38.48
64.33
70.14
62.98
Japan coking
coal import
cif price
Japan steam
coal import
cif price
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
Proved reserves at end 2006
Thousand million tonnes (share of anthracite and bituminous coal is shown in brackets)
296.9 (192.6)
287.1 (112.3)
254.4 (115.7)
50.3 (50.2)
19.9 (7.7)
0.4 (0.4)
Middle East
S. & Cent. America Africa
Production
North America
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Million tonnes oil equivalent
1900
1900
1800
1800
1700
1700
1600
1600
1500
1500
1400
1400
1300
1300
1200
1200
1100
1100
1000
1000
900
900
800
800
700
700
600
600
500
500
400
400
300
300
200
200
100
100
1996
2006
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle East
& Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle East
& Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
Coal was again the world’s fastest-growing fossil fuel in 2006. Global consumption rose by 4.5% compared with a 10-year average of 2.8%. The Asia Pacific region accounted
for nearly 90% of global growth in consumption and 80% of the growth in production.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
33
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
571.6
41.6
4.6
617.7
584.9
43.0
4.5
632.4
603.2
40.8
4.8
648.8
584.3
39.2
4.9
628.4
570.1
37.1
5.4
612.6
590.3
37.6
5.4
633.3
570.1
34.9
5.2
610.2
553.6
32.2
4.6
590.5
572.4
34.5
4.7
611.6
580.2
34.0
4.8
619.0
595.1
32.3
5.3
632.8
2.6%
–5.0%
11.1%
2.2%
19.3%
1.1%
0.2%
20.5%
1.8
19.5
3.1
1.2
25.6
2.1
21.0
3.9
1.1
28.1
2.0
21.9
4.7
0.4
29.1
2.1
21.3
4.8
0.5
28.7
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.5
34.0
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.4
36.7
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.3
33.8
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.2
39.7
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
2.4
39.4
5.9
0.4
48.0
2.4
42.7
5.9
0.5
51.4
1.1%
8.4%
–0.6%
22.7%
7.0%
0.1%
1.4%
0.2%
5.2
27.0
5.2
70.0
7.2
3.2
39.3
94.5
9.6
114.2
10.0
12.3
36.4
30.2
13.4
477.5
4.9
27.9
4.3
66.9
7.7
3.3
37.3
92.1
7.4
109.3
9.8
13.1
39.8
29.4
15.9
469.2
5.0
26.0
3.6
61.3
8.1
3.0
36.0
79.6
5.7
103.9
9.3
13.9
39.9
25.0
16.7
437.0
4.2
23.1
3.3
59.4
8.0
3.1
30.0
77.0
5.1
112.1
8.6
13.3
42.3
22.5
13.4
425.3
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
116.0
8.0
13.9
42.0
19.0
14.0
428.6
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
122.6
7.6
14.2
43.5
19.4
14.4
438.2
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
15.3
424.6
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.5
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.5
41.7
17.2
15.8
437.1
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.6
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.5
42.2
15.3
15.6
438.7
4.4
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.4
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.5
6.4
12.8
40.9
12.5
14.7
438.9
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
–
◆
116.9
3.3
1.3
121.5
124.6
3.4
1.2
129.2
127.1
3.5
1.4
132.0
125.6
3.2
1.3
130.1
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.7
126.1
2.9
1.2
130.2
124.1
2.5
1.3
128.0
134.1
1.8
1.2
137.1
137.2
2.4
1.2
140.9
137.7
1.9
1.1
140.7
144.8
1.8
1.1
147.8
5.1%
–1.1%
2.0%
5.0%
4.7%
0.1%
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
133.9
703.2
145.7
31.0
3.6
2.2
1.5
2.2
6.3
4.9
17.9
1052.5
148.3
690.0
149.6
33.7
2.4
2.0
1.4
2.0
6.9
6.4
17.2
1059.9
149.8
628.7
150.3
38.3
2.0
2.0
1.5
2.0
6.1
6.4
15.7
1002.7
160.8
645.9
147.4
45.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
1.9
5.7
4.9
18.0
1035.7
166.3
656.7
157.0
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.3
1065.6
179.9
697.6
160.3
56.5
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
19.7
1134.5
184.5
733.6
168.1
63.6
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.0
1190.2
190.1
871.9
175.9
70.3
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
19.6
1350.8
198.8
1012.1
191.0
81.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
20.5
1531.0
206.5
1119.8
200.7
90.4
0.6
3.2
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
21.3
1669.5
203.1
1212.3
209.7
119.9
0.7
3.6
1.9
1.3
5.4
21.8
21.7
1801.5
–1.6%
8.3%
4.5%
32.7%
20.8%
10.0%
23.0%
TOTAL WORLD
2295.6
2319.4
2250.3
2249.0
2272.0
2373.4
2387.2
2555.8
2765.8
2916.7
3079.7
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
249.2
1020.3
190.9
1084.4
244.1
1043.4
187.6
1088.4
218.5
1036.0
180.8
1033.5
207.4
1015.2
185.5
1048.3
195.7
993.7
197.4
1080.9
193.5
1027.0
207.8
1138.6
191.6
1003.0
198.9
1185.3
189.7
987.0
212.8
1356.0
185.1
1012.2
219.4
1534.3
177.7
1020.9
225.7
1670.1
171.7
1026.2
236.7
1816.8
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
34
4.6
4.2%
23.7
0.7%
0.2 –16.7%
50.3 –5.5%
9.3 –0.2%
2.1
4.0%
49.2 11.3%
67.0 –2.5%
7.4 11.2%
144.5
3.6%
6.1 –4.0%
12.6 –1.4%
41.8
2.2%
11.3 –9.3%
15.7
6.9%
445.7
1.6%
◆
1.7%
0.2%
0.8%
◆
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%
1.6%
2.2%
0.2%
4.7%
0.2%
0.4%
1.4%
0.4%
0.5%
14.5%
◆
4.8%
6.6%
39.4%
6.8%
3.9%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
◆
◆
–7.2%
19.2%
2.3%
7.9%
0.2%
0.7%
0.7%
58.5%
5.6% 100.0%
–3.3%
0.5%
4.9%
8.8%
5.6%
33.3%
7.7%
59.0%
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
529.2
25.7
5.7
560.6
540.4
26.8
5.7
573.0
545.7
28.1
5.9
579.7
544.9
27.8
6.0
578.6
569.0
29.4
6.2
604.5
552.2
32.0
6.8
591.0
552.0
31.0
7.6
590.6
562.5
30.6
8.6
601.7
566.1
30.5
7.0
603.6
574.2
32.5
9.1
615.7
567.3
35.0
9.3
611.6
–1.2%
7.6%
3.0%
–0.7%
0.9
11.3
3.2
2.9
–
0.3
†
0.5
19.1
0.8
11.5
4.2
3.0
–
0.4
†
0.4
20.3
0.8
11.4
3.7
2.8
–
0.4
†
0.5
19.7
0.9
11.9
3.9
2.4
–
0.5
0.1
0.6
20.2
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7
–
0.5
†
0.6
20.2
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7
–
0.4
†
0.7
19.0
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.5
–
0.4
†
0.9
18.2
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4
–
0.4
†
1.3
18.9
0.8
12.8
2.9
2.0
–
0.7
†
1.4
20.5
0.8
12.7
2.8
2.3
–
0.7
†
1.5
20.7
0.9
13.1
3.0
2.4
–
0.9
†
1.5
21.8
10.3%
3.1%
9.7%
5.1%
–
28.6%
–
2.9%
5.3%
2.7
–
0.5
7.6
8.4
23.6
9.0
4.0
15.4
89.9
7.8
3.7
0.1
1.9
11.2
25.9
0.1
9.3
0.6
73.2
3.9
9.5
115.7
5.0
15.5
2.4
0.1
20.7
†
33.2
44.4
1.2
18.3
564.9
3.1
–
0.6
7.5
7.8
22.8
6.7
4.5
13.4
86.8
7.6
3.7
0.1
2.0
11.0
22.4
0.1
9.5
0.6
70.1
3.6
8.4
106.3
4.7
17.7
2.1
0.1
22.3
–
38.0
39.6
1.2
21.3
545.8
3.0
–
0.4
7.9
8.2
20.5
5.6
3.4
16.1
84.8
8.8
3.4
0.1
1.9
11.6
22.9
0.1
9.4
0.7
63.8
3.6
7.0
100.0
4.5
17.7
2.0
0.1
24.0
–
36.9
39.7
1.2
21.7
530.8
3.2
–
0.1
6.9
6.6
19.0
4.7
3.6
14.3
80.2
9.1
3.4
0.1
1.6
11.6
19.8
0.1
7.7
0.7
61.0
3.6
6.7
104.1
4.3
20.5
2.0
0.1
22.6
–
38.5
35.6
0.9
17.0
509.6
3.2
–
0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
0.1
1.9
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
106.0
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5
–
38.8
36.7
1.0
18.0
527.3
2.9
†
0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
0.1
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
109.0
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8
–
39.4
40.0
1.1
17.3
527.2
3.0
†
0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
0.1
1.7
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.9
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2
–
38.3
36.6
1.0
19.0
520.5
2.9
†
0.1
6.5
7.1
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
0.1
1.8
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
109.4
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8
–
39.0
38.8
1.0
20.0
540.5
2.9
†
0.1
6.4
6.9
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.9
7.4
106.8
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0
–
38.1
38.1
1.2
20.4
536.0
2.8
†
0.1
6.1
7.2
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
0.1
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
111.6
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1
–
37.4
39.7
1.1
20.8
536.4
3.0
†
0.1
6.1
7.4
19.4
5.5
5.2
13.1
82.4
8.8
2.9
0.1
1.8
17.4
29.7
0.2
7.5
0.4
58.4
3.7
7.6
112.5
3.8
18.3
2.2
0.1
28.8
–
39.6
43.8
1.1
22.0
552.9
8.2%
–14.3%
5.0%
0.8%
1.8%
–2.1%
49.8%
68.5%
–0.9%
0.3%
–0.2%
6.5%
–5.5%
–
1.9%
9.0%
3.7%
–14.0%
–15.2%
4.8%
–2.7%
0.6%
0.9%
–2.1%
–13.5%
0.7%
–
10.1%
–
6.0%
10.3%
4.0%
5.7%
3.1%
0.7%
17.9%
1.2
–
–
–
–
5.0
6.1
0.9
–
–
–
–
5.4
6.3
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.8
6.8
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.7
6.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
6.2
7.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.2
8.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.6
8.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
1.1
–
–
–
–
8.0
9.0
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.8
8.9
–0.6%
–
–
–
–
–1.2%
–1.1%
–
–
–
–
0.3%
0.3%
0.5
0.9
81.7
6.8
89.8
0.3
0.8
84.3
6.8
92.3
0.5
0.8
83.4
7.0
91.6
0.5
0.6
82.3
6.5
89.9
0.5
0.6
81.9
6.4
89.4
0.6
0.7
80.6
7.4
89.3
0.9
0.7
83.5
7.2
92.3
0.8
0.9
89.3
6.6
97.5
0.8
0.9
94.5
7.1
103.3
0.6
0.9
91.9
7.0
100.4
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
42.8
0.2
729.4
4.2
154.4
6.9
88.3
1.5
1.2
2.2
2.0
–
32.2
19.2
8.7
22.2
1115.3
45.1
0.3
700.2
3.5
160.2
8.2
89.8
1.7
1.2
2.1
2.4
–
34.8
21.7
8.7
22.8
1102.7
47.3
0.1
651.9
4.4
159.8
9.3
88.4
1.6
1.1
2.1
2.7
–
36.1
23.6
7.3
21.5
1057.2
47.9
†
656.2
3.9
158.9
11.6
91.5
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9
–
38.2
24.8
7.9
22.8
1071.7
48.3
0.3
667.4
3.7
169.1
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3
–
43.0
28.7
7.8
25.3
1115.6
49.6
0.4
681.3
4.9
172.1
16.7
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5
–
45.7
30.6
8.8
26.2
1150.0
52.3
0.4
713.8
5.4
181.7
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7
–
49.1
32.7
9.2
26.0
1206.9
50.9
0.4
853.1
6.6
188.4
17.9
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7
–
51.1
35.1
9.4
26.5
1365.2
52.6
0.4
978.2
6.6
206.4
22.1
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.8
5.0
–
53.1
36.6
10.6
29.3
1533.1
52.5
0.4
1095.9
7.2
222.0
23.5
121.3
6.3
2.1
4.1
5.9
–
54.8
38.0
11.3
29.6
1674.8
51.1
0.4
1191.3
7.5
237.7
27.7
119.1
6.3
2.2
4.0
6.5
–
54.8
39.5
12.4
31.6
1792.1
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2355.8
332.4
1077.2
178.6
1100.0
2340.3
318.5
1083.5
171.2
1085.7
2285.8
309.5
1085.0
163.2
1037.5
2276.6
294.1
1073.1
164.4
1039.2
2364.3
302.2
1122.7
169.9
1071.7
2384.8
302.6
1114.5
172.7
1097.5
2437.2
300.8
1121.1
166.9
1149.2
2632.8
310.0
1148.7
175.6
1308.5
2805.5
306.3
1160.7
173.7
1471.1
2957.0
297.9
1169.7
178.2
1609.1
3090.1
305.0
1171.5
183.9
1734.7
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
18.4%
1.1%
0.3%
19.8%
◆
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
–
◆
◆
◆
0.7%
0.1%
◆
◆
0.2%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.2%
0.4%
2.7%
0.3%
0.1%
◆
0.1%
0.6%
1.0%
◆
0.2%
◆
1.9%
0.1%
0.2%
3.6%
0.1%
0.6%
0.1%
◆
0.9%
–
1.3%
1.4%
◆
◆
◆
0.6 –11.4%
1.0
7.8%
93.8
2.1%
7.5
6.3%
102.8
2.4%
–2.7%
–
8.7%
5.4%
7.1%
17.8%
–1.8%
◆
6.6%
–4.2%
11.1%
–
◆
4.0%
10.0%
6.7%
7.0%
◆
3.0%
0.2%
3.3%
1.7%
◆
38.6%
0.2%
7.7%
0.9%
3.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
–
1.8%
1.3%
0.4%
1.0%
58.0%
4.5% 100.0%
2.4%
9.9%
0.2% 37.9%
3.2%
6.0%
7.8% 56.1%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
35
Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
160.7
21.0
1.8
183.5
149.8
18.7
2.4
170.8
160.5
16.2
2.1
178.8
173.5
16.6
2.3
192.4
179.6
16.5
1.9
197.9
183.2
17.4
2.0
202.5
185.8
17.1
2.2
205.1
181.9
16.9
2.4
201.3
187.8
20.5
2.1
210.4
186.3
20.8
2.5
209.6
187.5
22.3
2.5
212.3
0.7%
6.9%
0.8%
1.3%
29.5%
3.5%
0.4%
33.4%
1.7
0.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.2
1.8
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.7
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.4
1.6
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.4
1.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
1.6
3.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
1.3
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.7
3.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
1.8
2.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.6
2.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.7
1.7
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
12.0%
44.8%
–
–
–
–
–
–
31.0%
0.3%
0.5%
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.8%
–
–
–
9.8
4.1
2.9
–
4.5
89.9
36.6
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
0.3
24.7
2.6
12.7
16.6
5.7
–
–
18.0
21.4
–
1.6
258.6
–
–
–
10.7
4.0
2.8
–
4.8
89.5
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
0.1
2.7
0.5
–
–
–
1.2
24.5
2.4
12.5
15.8
5.8
–
–
18.0
22.2
–
1.5
260.8
–
–
–
10.5
3.8
3.0
–
5.0
87.8
36.6
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
3.1
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
23.6
2.6
13.4
15.9
5.8
–
–
17.0
22.5
–
1.5
257.3
–
–
–
11.1
3.6
3.0
–
5.3
89.2
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
27.1
3.0
13.3
16.6
5.6
–
–
16.3
21.5
–
1.5
263.2
–
–
–
10.9
4.1
3.1
–
5.1
94.0
38.4
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0
–
–
17.5
19.3
–
1.5
267.4
–
–
–
10.5
4.4
3.3
–
5.2
95.3
38.8
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.6
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.0
–
–
17.2
20.4
–
1.6
276.3
–
–
–
10.7
4.6
4.2
–
5.4
98.8
37.3
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1
–
–
17.7
19.9
–
1.8
280.8
–
–
–
10.8
4.5
5.9
–
5.5
99.8
37.4
–
2.5
–
–
–
–
3.5
0.9
–
–
–
1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2
–
–
18.4
20.1
–
1.6
285.1
–
–
–
10.9
4.4
6.0
–
5.5
101.7
37.8
–
2.7
–
–
–
–
3.4
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1
–
–
19.7
18.1
–
1.8
288.4
–
–
–
10.8
4.2
5.6
–
5.5
102.4
36.9
–
3.1
–
–
–
–
2.3
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2
–
–
20.1
18.5
–
1.9
285.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.0
1.7%
4.4
5.7%
5.9
5.3%
–
–
5.4 –0.9%
102.1 –0.3%
37.9
2.7%
–
–
3.0 –2.7%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.0 –16.3%
0.8 –13.2%
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.3
1.4%
35.4
6.0%
4.1
1.6%
13.6
4.6%
15.4 –5.8%
6.3 19.3%
–
–
–
–
20.4
1.7%
17.0 –7.9%
–
–
1.9 –4.8%
287.8
0.8%
–
–
–
1.7%
0.7%
0.9%
–
0.9%
16.1%
6.0%
–
0.5%
–
–
–
–
0.3%
0.1%
–
–
–
0.2%
5.6%
0.6%
2.1%
2.4%
1.0%
–
–
3.2%
2.7%
–
0.3%
45.3%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
–
2.8
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.2
–
3.2
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
2.6
–
2.6
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.4
–
3.4
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
3.2
–
1.9
–
67.3
–
–
0.1
–
–
16.7
8.6
–
–
97.8
–
–
3.3
–
2.3
–
72.8
–
–
0.1
–
–
17.4
8.2
–
–
104.1
–
–
3.2
–
2.6
–
74.0
–
–
0.1
–
–
20.3
8.3
–
–
108.5
–
–
3.4
–
2.9
–
71.9
–
–
†
–
–
23.3
8.7
–
–
110.2
–
–
3.8
–
3.6
–
72.3
–
–
0.2
–
–
24.7
8.7
–
–
113.3
–
–
4.0
–
4.3
–
72.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
25.4
8.0
–
–
114.8
–
–
5.7
–
4.4
–
71.3
–
–
0.4
–
–
27.0
9.0
–
–
117.7
–
–
9.8
–
4.1
–
52.1
–
–
0.4
–
–
29.3
8.8
–
–
104.6
–
–
11.4
–
3.8
–
64.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
29.6
8.9
–
–
119.0
–
–
12.0
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
125.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.4 –18.0%
–
–
2.4 –18.0%
–
–
0.4%
–
0.4%
–
–
12.3
–
4.0
–
68.6
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.7
9.0
–
–
128.2
TOTAL WORLD
545.0
541.3
550.2
571.3
584.5
600.9
610.9
598.8
625.6
627.0
635.5
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
205.3
474.4
46.4
24.3
206.9
469.9
45.6
25.8
205.4
480.2
44.0
26.0
208.8
498.8
46.2
26.4
208.6
506.5
49.4
28.6
215.9
518.7
51.2
31.0
218.7
523.6
53.4
33.9
220.8
505.0
56.0
37.7
223.7
529.8
56.4
39.4
220.7
531.4
56.5
39.1
219.5
537.0
58.4
40.1
–
–
2.3%
–
–1.1%
–
3.4%
–
–
4.7%
–
–
1.3%
–0.3%
–
–
2.3%
–
–
1.9%
–
0.6%
–
10.8%
–
–
0.1%
–
–
5.3%
1.4%
–
–
20.2%
1.4% 100.0%
–0.6%
1.0%
3.4%
2.7%
34.5%
84.5%
9.2%
6.3%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern
thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
36
Consumption by area
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
600
North America
500
400
300
200
100
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Global nuclear power generation rose by 1.4% in 2006. Output rose in all regions with nuclear power, except Africa.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
37
Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
79.4
80.2
7.1
166.7
81.5
79.4
6.0
166.9
73.9
75.1
5.6
154.6
73.0
77.8
7.4
158.3
63.0
81.1
7.5
151.6
49.6
75.5
6.4
131.5
60.4
79.4
5.6
145.4
63.1
76.4
4.5
143.9
61.4
76.4
5.7
143.5
61.8
81.2
6.2
149.2
65.9
79.3
6.8
152.0
6.7%
–2.3%
9.8%
1.9%
9.6%
11.5%
1.0%
22.1%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
5.2
60.1
3.8
8.0
1.4
3.0
12.2
16.3
110.2
6.4
63.1
4.3
7.1
1.5
3.0
13.0
17.2
115.6
6.0
66.0
3.6
6.9
1.5
3.1
13.1
17.3
117.5
4.9
66.3
3.1
7.6
1.6
3.3
13.7
17.7
118.2
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7
14.2
18.5
124.8
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0
13.7
17.0
117.3
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1
13.5
17.9
122.9
7.7
69.2
5.1
8.1
1.6
4.2
13.7
18.2
127.8
6.9
72.6
4.8
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.8
132.6
7.9
76.4
5.9
9.0
1.7
4.1
17.6
17.9
140.4
9.7
79.2
6.7
9.6
1.9
4.1
18.4
18.3
147.9
23.0%
3.7%
13.9%
7.4%
13.8%
–
4.6%
1.9%
5.3%
1.4%
11.5%
1.0%
1.4%
0.3%
0.6%
2.7%
2.7%
21.5%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
8.1
0.3
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.7
15.9
4.9
1.0
†
1.1
0.2
10.7
1.7
0.2
†
23.5
0.9
3.4
3.6
34.9
1.0
9.4
11.7
6.7
9.2
–
2.0
1.1
1.5
16.8
174.0
8.4
0.4
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.7
15.3
4.7
0.9
†
1.2
0.2
10.6
1.5
0.2
†
25.1
0.9
3.0
4.0
35.6
1.0
8.5
15.6
8.0
8.8
–
2.3
1.3
1.3
15.2
178.3
8.8
0.4
†
0.6
0.8
0.4
†
3.3
14.9
4.8
0.9
†
1.3
0.3
10.7
1.4
0.2
†
26.3
1.0
3.0
4.3
35.9
1.0
8.8
16.7
7.8
9.6
–
3.6
1.5
1.3
15.6
185.2
9.4
0.3
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.9
17.6
5.3
1.1
†
1.4
0.2
11.7
1.4
0.2
†
27.6
1.0
1.7
4.1
36.4
1.1
7.0
16.2
9.3
7.8
–
3.3
1.9
1.3
16.8
188.7
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.6
0.5
†
3.3
16.4
5.9
0.9
†
1.4
0.3
11.5
1.7
0.1
†
32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
8.3
17.8
8.7
7.0
–
2.6
1.8
1.3
15.9
194.5
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.4
0.6
†
3.1
18.0
6.3
0.6
†
1.5
0.2
12.2
1.8
0.2
†
27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.9
17.9
9.7
5.4
–
2.8
1.5
1.2
15.4
195.3
9.5
0.5
†
0.6
0.6
0.6
†
2.4
15.1
6.4
0.8
†
1.6
0.3
10.7
2.0
0.2
†
29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.2
1.2
6.0
15.0
8.3
7.6
–
2.2
1.7
1.6
15.1
183.1
8.7
0.6
†
0.5
0.7
0.4
†
2.1
14.7
5.5
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
10.0
2.0
0.2
†
24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.6
0.8
9.9
12.1
8.3
8.0
–
2.1
1.3
1.7
16.0
175.8
8.4
0.6
†
0.5
0.7
0.6
†
3.4
14.7
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
11.3
1.8
0.2
†
24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.8
12.7
8.0
10.4
–
2.7
1.7
1.6
17.0
186.8
8.5
0.7
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
3.1
12.8
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
9.7
1.8
0.2
†
30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.6
1.1
4.3
16.5
7.4
9.0
–
2.8
1.8
1.6
17.2
186.9
8.1
0.6
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
2.6
13.9
6.3
1.4
†
1.6
0.2
9.7
1.8
0.2
†
27.1
0.7
2.7
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.7
14.0
7.4
9.9
–
2.9
1.9
1.6
17.2
184.6
–5.0%
–16.3%
–
2.2%
–3.6%
7.6%
–
–16.5%
8.4%
2.2%
16.6%
–7.9%
4.0%
10.6%
0.2%
1.8%
–2.2%
20.5%
–12.3%
–20.2%
1.2%
0.1%
–9.2%
0.1%
–3.8%
32.1%
–15.2%
–0.6%
10.6%
–
4.1%
6.4%
–
–0.2%
–1.3%
3.9%
0.1%
0.4%
0.6%
5.8%
0.2%
0.8%
2.0%
1.1%
1.4%
–
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
2.5%
26.8%
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
1.3
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.4
1.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.8
1.2
–
–
–
–
0.7
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.8
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.9
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
2.2
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.2
2.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.8
2.9
–
–
–
–
1.1
4.0
3.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
4.9
30.0%
–
–
–
–
–4.8%
20.4%
0.6%
–
–
–
–
0.2%
0.7%
†
2.7
0.8
11.2
14.7
†
2.7
1.1
11.6
15.5
†
3.1
0.9
12.2
16.2
†
3.4
0.8
13.7
17.9
†
3.2
0.9
13.4
17.6
†
3.3
0.8
14.1
18.2
†
3.2
0.9
15.2
19.3
0.1
2.9
0.8
15.5
19.3
0.1
2.9
0.8
16.2
20.0
0.1
2.9
0.8
16.1
19.9
† –60.8%
2.9
–
0.8
5.0%
16.4
1.8%
20.2
1.3%
0.4%
0.1%
2.4%
2.9%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
3.8
0.2
42.5
–
15.6
1.8
19.7
1.2
5.9
5.6
1.6
–
1.2
2.0
1.7
7.4
110.2
3.8
0.2
44.4
–
15.9
1.2
21.2
0.9
5.2
4.2
1.4
–
1.2
2.2
1.6
7.0
110.2
3.7
0.2
47.1
–
18.9
2.2
23.6
1.1
5.7
5.5
1.1
–
1.4
2.4
1.2
6.9
120.9
3.7
0.2
46.1
–
18.6
2.1
21.0
1.7
5.3
4.9
1.8
–
1.4
2.0
0.8
7.7
117.2
3.7
0.2
50.3
–
17.4
2.3
20.7
1.7
5.6
4.0
1.8
–
1.3
2.0
1.4
8.1
120.2
3.7
0.2
62.8
–
16.3
2.6
20.8
1.5
5.1
4.1
1.6
–
0.9
2.1
1.4
8.9
132.1
3.6
0.2
65.2
–
15.5
2.3
21.1
1.2
5.7
4.6
1.6
–
1.2
1.4
1.7
8.8
134.1
3.7
0.3
64.2
–
15.7
2.1
23.3
1.3
5.4
5.8
1.8
–
1.6
1.6
1.7
9.5
137.7
3.6
0.3
80.0
–
19.0
2.2
23.1
1.4
6.2
5.5
1.9
–
1.3
1.5
1.4
9.3
156.6
3.5
0.3
89.9
–
21.7
2.1
19.8
1.5
5.2
6.9
1.9
–
1.2
1.8
1.3
8.9
166.1
3.6
0.3
94.3
–
25.4
2.3
21.5
1.6
5.2
7.4
1.9
–
1.2
1.8
1.8
10.2
178.6
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
578.7
73.5
309.6
48.9
220.2
588.8
75.6
315.5
49.3
224.1
597.2
78.7
310.7
51.1
235.4
602.2
79.8
313.8
51.5
236.9
610.5
83.5
313.9
52.1
244.6
596.3
87.8
292.1
54.2
250.1
607.8
74.7
297.1
52.0
258.7
607.8
73.4
291.8
51.2
264.8
643.3
74.7
295.3
57.0
290.9
666.6
70.5
296.6
56.3
313.7
688.1
71.4
299.2
56.4
332.4
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
▲
3.2%
3.9%
5.0%
–
17.0%
8.5%
8.3%
4.8%
–0.5%
6.6%
–0.1%
–
0.6%
1.1%
40.2%
14.3%
7.5%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
◆
0.4%
2.0%
0.9%
0.2%
◆
0.2%
◆
1.4%
0.3%
◆
◆
◆
0.5%
◆
13.7%
–
3.7%
0.3%
3.1%
0.2%
0.8%
1.1%
0.3%
–
0.2%
0.3%
0.3%
1.5%
25.9%
3.2% 100.0%
1.3% 10.4%
0.9% 43.5%
0.2%
8.2%
6.0% 48.3%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern
thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
▲
More than 100%.
Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
38
Consumption by area
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
Asia Pacific
Middle East & Africa
Europe & Eurasia
600
S. & Cent. America
North America
500
400
300
200
100
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
Hydroelectric power generation rose by 3.2% in 2006. Increased Asia Pacific, South American and US output offset declines in Scandinavia and Canada.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
39
Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2006 over
2006
2005
2006
share
of total
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2190.4
285.7
116.0
2592.2
2207.5
285.5
122.2
2615.3
2221.9
282.6
128.2
2632.7
2260.2
284.2
131.7
2676.0
2311.9
289.8
135.8
2737.5
2257.1
289.9
135.3
2682.3
2291.0
296.7
135.3
2723.0
2298.5
302.8
140.4
2741.7
2343.5
311.4
143.8
2798.6
2350.4
317.1
148.2
2815.7
2326.4
322.3
154.2
2803.0
–1.0%
1.7%
4.0%
–0.5%
21.4%
3.0%
1.4%
25.8%
56.0
158.3
19.1
27.4
7.2
11.1
58.0
76.5
413.6
55.8
167.5
22.1
27.8
8.1
10.9
61.1
79.0
432.4
58.1
173.7
21.6
27.3
8.2
11.3
63.8
82.0
446.0
57.5
178.0
22.5
25.2
7.7
11.7
59.8
83.7
446.2
58.9
182.8
22.8
25.4
7.7
11.9
61.9
85.0
456.2
57.7
179.5
23.5
26.3
7.7
11.7
65.2
85.5
457.0
54.3
183.9
23.9
25.7
7.7
11.8
66.1
87.6
461.0
58.7
186.1
24.2
26.0
7.8
11.6
58.5
90.5
463.4
62.2
193.5
25.7
26.8
8.2
12.5
65.2
91.0
485.1
66.7
199.2
27.5
27.4
9.5
13.9
69.0
94.7
507.9
71.0
206.5
27.9
28.9
10.3
14.1
70.4
99.5
528.6
6.6%
3.7%
1.5%
5.5%
8.4%
0.9%
2.0%
5.1%
4.1%
0.7%
1.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.6%
0.9%
4.9%
30.0
11.6
22.0
59.1
23.4
43.0
24.1
24.5
244.7
344.0
27.0
24.2
1.9
10.8
162.4
45.9
9.0
85.2
37.1
100.8
19.5
48.2
647.2
17.5
104.8
48.8
27.1
66.7
12.0
141.6
224.8
48.3
71.3
2808.4
30.7
11.1
22.7
60.3
20.7
41.7
21.7
25.1
241.0
337.8
27.2
23.8
2.1
11.6
163.9
40.7
8.6
84.7
39.3
98.6
20.5
45.2
610.9
17.1
111.7
50.4
28.9
69.9
12.1
138.9
220.4
50.5
74.1
2764.0
31.6
11.1
22.5
63.0
20.7
39.9
20.6
25.6
247.2
334.5
28.6
23.8
2.2
12.4
168.5
39.4
9.2
84.5
40.4
94.1
22.7
41.3
611.4
17.6
118.1
51.6
29.1
72.4
12.6
133.7
223.5
51.9
74.0
2779.6
32.3
11.1
21.4
64.1
18.0
38.5
19.9
25.7
251.5
328.5
30.2
23.7
2.3
13.2
173.7
35.4
7.8
83.2
41.5
91.1
23.3
36.9
621.1
17.5
122.7
51.6
30.1
71.0
13.8
136.5
221.6
53.5
67.6
2780.4
32.2
11.5
21.7
66.4
17.8
40.0
18.8
26.0
254.9
330.5
31.9
23.0
2.4
13.9
176.4
41.0
7.0
86.4
45.9
88.4
24.8
37.0
636.0
18.1
129.2
48.6
29.4
76.6
14.9
136.7
223.5
51.4
67.0
2829.2
33.3
11.3
21.9
64.0
18.4
41.5
18.6
26.4
258.4
336.2
31.8
24.1
2.5
14.6
177.2
42.3
8.1
88.3
41.0
88.6
25.0
37.3
637.5
18.6
133.0
52.1
31.4
71.5
15.3
135.9
227.0
54.8
68.2
2856.0
33.3
11.1
22.1
64.9
18.2
41.5
18.4
26.7
256.7
330.1
32.8
23.4
2.6
14.5
175.9
44.1
8.6
89.0
42.9
87.1
25.0
38.6
646.6
18.7
134.7
48.5
29.5
75.1
15.8
134.1
221.7
56.2
70.1
2858.4
34.2
12.0
22.2
68.6
19.6
43.6
19.6
28.9
259.8
332.1
32.4
23.6
2.6
14.2
181.2
47.9
9.1
90.4
38.3
88.5
25.3
37.8
655.6
18.1
141.2
46.2
29.3
79.9
17.4
134.2
225.1
52.4
74.2
2905.4
33.6
12.9
24.2
71.1
19.2
44.3
18.3
28.6
263.4
330.7
33.9
23.6
2.7
14.6
184.2
51.2
9.2
93.1
39.0
90.9
25.0
39.0
666.1
17.6
145.5
48.4
28.9
85.3
18.5
139.9
227.0
49.5
76.4
2956.0
34.5
14.0
23.8
72.2
19.8
43.7
17.4
26.2
262.9
325.2
33.6
25.1
2.7
14.9
184.3
56.6
8.4
94.7
45.1
90.7
24.7
39.5
672.5
18.7
146.5
50.8
27.8
89.2
19.8
139.7
228.6
49.1
78.9
2981.7
33.7
13.9
25.7
73.9
20.3
43.5
19.6
27.6
262.6
328.5
35.2
24.7
2.7
15.4
182.2
60.3
8.0
92.3
41.5
94.5
26.7
38.8
704.9
17.8
145.8
47.3
29.0
94.7
22.3
137.8
226.6
48.5
80.8
3027.2
–2.3%
–0.2%
7.8%
2.4%
2.5%
–0.5%
12.7%
5.3%
–0.1%
1.0%
4.6%
–1.7%
0.1%
3.4%
–1.1%
6.5%
–4.3%
–2.6%
–8.1%
4.2%
8.2%
–1.7%
4.8%
–4.8%
–0.5%
–6.9%
4.2%
6.1%
12.1%
–1.4%
–0.9%
–1.0%
2.5%
1.5%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%
2.4%
3.0%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.8%
0.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.4%
6.5%
0.2%
1.3%
0.4%
0.3%
0.9%
0.2%
1.3%
2.1%
0.4%
0.7%
27.8%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
100.8
14.6
13.9
101.9
42.4
81.7
355.1
106.1
15.3
14.7
104.8
43.9
85.8
370.6
108.2
17.7
15.0
110.8
41.7
88.6
382.0
114.7
18.1
14.2
111.4
42.0
90.6
390.9
122.0
19.0
10.4
116.4
41.1
94.0
402.9
128.6
18.2
12.0
120.2
43.7
97.4
420.1
142.2
18.6
13.2
123.7
48.6
98.8
445.1
149.7
20.3
14.0
131.7
50.4
97.9
464.0
162.4
23.6
16.8
142.8
53.5
101.8
501.0
172.7
26.7
20.6
151.4
55.4
106.2
532.9
178.8
25.6
21.9
158.9
57.2
111.8
554.2
3.5%
–4.1%
6.3%
5.0%
3.3%
5.3%
4.0%
1.6%
0.2%
0.2%
1.5%
0.5%
1.0%
5.1%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
28.0
38.4
106.0
83.6
255.9
26.5
39.9
109.4
85.5
261.2
27.5
41.9
108.8
88.4
266.7
27.9
44.7
107.9
91.8
272.2
26.9
47.5
108.4
93.1
275.8
27.9
49.4
107.0
95.2
279.5
28.9
49.5
110.9
96.8
286.2
30.2
51.9
117.3
99.1
298.5
31.3
54.2
123.6
104.4
313.5
32.7
56.8
118.7
107.6
315.8
33.5
58.8
120.2
111.5
324.1
2.4%
3.5%
1.3%
3.6%
2.6%
0.3%
0.5%
1.1%
1.0%
3.0%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
101.2
10.0
965.1
15.0
271.5
80.1
501.7
37.7
17.2
38.3
21.1
31.6
163.8
70.5
58.0
49.8
2432.7
105.2
10.6
960.9
15.1
285.6
84.0
508.3
37.8
17.2
37.4
22.6
33.8
179.6
75.7
60.9
51.4
2486.0
108.1
11.0
916.9
15.4
296.0
80.0
501.5
37.3
17.0
39.6
22.9
34.7
165.5
79.4
57.4
51.8
2434.6
110.5
11.0
934.1
15.6
304.0
89.1
506.2
38.3
17.4
40.8
22.7
32.9
180.5
88.8
58.8
54.7
2505.3
111.2
12.7
966.7
15.6
320.4
95.2
514.8
45.8
17.8
41.9
22.6
35.0
191.1
95.3
61.2
59.4
2607.0
113.4
14.1
1000.0
18.9
324.2
101.4
513.0
47.8
18.0
42.9
22.7
40.5
195.9
95.1
63.3
62.4
2673.6
116.7
14.8
1057.8
20.4
338.7
104.4
510.2
51.3
18.5
43.8
23.5
39.9
205.0
98.1
68.8
63.4
2775.1
116.6
15.7
1228.7
20.9
348.2
103.9
510.9
56.3
17.9
45.8
24.4
38.7
211.8
104.0
74.7
65.1
2983.5
119.0
16.6
1423.5
23.9
380.1
110.6
519.8
60.4
18.4
50.0
24.9
44.1
217.3
107.7
80.6
72.4
3269.2
119.6
17.5
1566.7
22.9
401.6
114.7
522.5
65.1
17.6
55.4
25.2
46.8
224.9
110.5
83.5
75.6
3470.1
120.8
18.5
1697.8
22.9
423.2
114.3
520.3
67.0
18.0
58.0
25.2
50.0
225.8
113.6
86.1
80.0
3641.5
1.1%
5.7%
8.4%
0.2%
5.4%
–0.3%
–0.4%
3.0%
2.4%
4.7%
1.1%
0.2%
15.6%
0.2%
3.9%
1.1%
4.8%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
2.1%
1.0%
0.8%
0.7%
33.5%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
8857.9
1619.3
5104.0
962.3
2791.6
8929.5
1612.1
5154.1
920.4
2855.0
8941.5
1632.4
5176.5
915.9
2849.1
9071.1
1635.1
5247.8
922.4
2900.9
9308.7
1654.9
5359.6
941.3
3007.8
9368.6
1681.9
5327.7
948.4
3092.6
9548.9
1666.8
5366.4
959.6
3222.8
9856.5 10323.4 10624.0 10878.5
1697.5 1719.1 1719.6 1722.8
5421.9 5522.9 5559.9 5553.7
973.9
994.9 1008.3 1046.1
3460.7 3805.6 4055.8 4278.7
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
◆
6.8%
0.4%
2.7%
3.1%
5.8%
4.9%
2.4% 100.0%
0.2% 15.8%
–0.1% 51.1%
3.7%
9.6%
5.5% 39.3%
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
40
◆
Consumption by fuel*
2005
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
2006
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
Oil
Natural
gas
Total
Oil
Natural
gas
951.4
100.3
87.7
1139.4
576.7
82.3
42.8
701.8
574.2
32.5
9.1
615.7
186.3
20.8
2.5
209.6
61.8
81.2
6.2
149.2
2350.4
317.1
148.2
2815.7
938.8
98.8
86.9
1124.6
566.9
87.0
48.7
702.5
567.3
35.0
9.3
611.6
187.5
22.3
2.5
212.3
65.9
79.3
6.8
152.0
2326.4
322.3
154.2
2803.0
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
20.1
90.1
11.2
10.1
7.5
7.8
25.2
57.8
229.9
36.4
17.9
7.7
6.1
0.2
1.4
26.1
17.5
113.2
0.8
12.7
2.8
2.3
–
0.7
†
1.5
20.7
1.6
2.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.7
7.9
76.4
5.9
9.0
1.7
4.1
17.6
17.9
140.4
66.7
199.2
27.5
27.4
9.5
13.9
69.0
94.7
507.9
21.1
92.1
11.4
10.3
8.1
7.5
26.1
59.8
236.5
37.6
19.0
6.8
6.6
0.2
1.6
25.8
19.9
117.5
0.9
13.1
3.0
2.4
–
0.9
†
1.5
21.8
1.7
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
9.7
79.2
6.7
9.6
1.9
4.1
18.4
18.3
147.9
71.0
206.5
27.9
28.9
10.3
14.1
70.4
99.5
528.6
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
14.2
5.3
6.7
39.9
4.9
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.1
7.4
1.0
9.4
86.7
10.0
2.8
49.6
9.7
21.9
16.0
10.5
123.3
3.8
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.0
4.9
13.9
83.0
6.7
25.7
960.0
9.0
8.0
17.0
14.9
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.6
41.3
77.6
2.5
11.9
–
3.5
70.8
17.6
2.9
35.5
4.0
12.3
3.8
15.6
364.6
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.9
65.6
85.6
39.6
13.1
1012.8
2.8
†
0.1
6.1
7.2
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
0.1
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
111.6
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1
–
37.4
39.7
1.1
20.8
536.4
–
–
–
10.8
4.2
5.6
–
5.5
102.4
36.9
–
3.1
–
–
–
–
2.3
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2
–
–
20.1
18.5
–
1.9
285.5
8.5
0.7
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
3.1
12.8
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
9.7
1.8
0.2
†
30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.6
1.1
4.3
16.5
7.4
9.0
–
2.8
1.8
1.6
17.2
186.9
34.5
14.0
23.8
72.2
19.8
43.7
17.4
26.2
262.9
325.2
33.6
25.1
2.7
14.9
184.3
56.6
8.4
94.7
45.1
90.7
24.7
39.5
672.5
18.7
146.5
50.8
27.8
89.2
19.8
139.7
228.6
49.1
78.9
2981.7
14.2
4.7
8.0
41.0
5.0
9.8
9.5
10.6
92.8
123.5
22.1
7.4
1.0
9.3
85.7
10.6
2.8
49.6
10.0
23.1
16.8
10.5
128.5
3.9
78.1
14.9
12.6
28.5
5.2
15.0
82.2
6.9
26.5
970.1
8.5
8.6
17.6
15.3
2.7
7.6
4.6
3.8
40.6
78.5
2.9
11.3
–
4.0
69.4
18.2
2.9
34.5
4.0
12.3
3.7
15.3
388.9
5.0
30.0
0.8
2.7
27.4
17.0
59.8
81.7
38.9
13.2
1031.7
3.0
†
0.1
6.1
7.4
19.4
5.5
5.2
13.1
82.4
8.8
2.9
0.1
1.8
17.4
29.7
0.2
7.5
0.4
58.4
3.7
7.6
112.5
3.8
18.3
2.2
0.1
28.8
–
39.6
43.8
1.1
22.0
552.9
–
–
–
11.0
4.4
5.9
–
5.4
102.1
37.9
–
3.0
–
–
–
–
2.0
0.8
–
–
–
1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.4
6.3
–
–
20.4
17.0
–
1.9
287.8
8.1
0.6
†
0.6
0.8
0.7
†
2.6
13.9
6.3
1.4
†
1.6
0.2
9.7
1.8
0.2
†
27.1
0.7
2.7
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.7
14.0
7.4
9.9
–
2.9
1.9
1.6
17.2
184.6
33.7
13.9
25.7
73.9
20.3
43.5
19.6
27.6
262.6
328.5
35.2
24.7
2.7
15.4
182.2
60.3
8.0
92.3
41.5
94.5
26.7
38.8
704.9
17.8
145.8
47.3
29.0
94.7
22.3
137.8
226.6
48.5
80.8
3027.2
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
76.5
15.6
3.8
87.2
18.3
69.3
270.7
92.1
11.1
16.8
64.1
37.1
27.9
249.1
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.9
–
–
–
–
1.1
4.0
172.7
26.7
20.6
151.4
55.4
106.2
532.9
79.3
14.0
4.4
92.6
19.7
70.2
280.1
94.6
11.6
17.6
66.3
37.5
32.7
260.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.8
8.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
4.9
178.8
25.6
21.9
158.9
57.2
111.8
554.2
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
11.0
29.8
23.1
64.0
127.9
20.9
23.2
–
20.5
64.6
0.6
0.9
91.9
7.0
100.4
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
0.1
2.9
0.8
16.1
19.9
32.7
56.8
118.7
107.6
315.8
11.5
29.1
23.2
66.7
130.5
21.4
25.8
–
21.0
68.2
0.6
1.0
93.8
7.5
102.8
–
–
2.4
–
2.4
†
2.9
0.8
16.4
20.2
33.5
58.8
120.2
111.5
324.1
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
38.6
4.1
327.8
13.8
119.6
55.3
244.0
22.0
7.1
17.4
14.7
40.9
105.4
52.1
44.0
26.8
1133.4
24.9
12.8
41.2
1.9
34.3
33.8
71.1
35.4
3.1
26.4
2.7
5.9
30.4
9.6
26.9
10.3
370.6
52.5
0.4
1095.9
7.2
222.0
23.5
121.3
6.3
2.1
4.1
5.9
–
54.8
38.0
11.3
29.6
1674.8
–
–
12.0
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
125.2
3.5
0.3
89.9
–
21.7
2.1
19.8
1.5
5.2
6.9
1.9
–
1.2
1.8
1.3
8.9
166.1
119.6
17.5
1566.7
22.9
401.6
114.7
522.5
65.1
17.6
55.4
25.2
46.8
224.9
110.5
83.5
75.6
3470.1
40.3
4.1
349.8
13.2
120.3
48.7
235.0
23.0
7.2
18.4
14.4
44.0
105.3
52.5
44.3
27.3
1148.0
25.8
13.7
50.0
2.2
35.8
35.6
76.1
36.2
3.3
27.6
2.3
5.9
30.8
10.7
27.5
10.9
394.7
51.1
0.4
1191.3
7.5
237.7
27.7
119.1
6.3
2.2
4.0
6.5
–
54.8
39.5
12.4
31.6
1792.1
–
–
12.3
–
4.0
–
68.6
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.7
9.0
–
–
128.2
3.6
0.3
94.3
–
25.4
2.3
21.5
1.6
5.2
7.4
1.9
–
1.2
1.8
1.8
10.2
178.6
120.8
18.5
1697.8
22.9
423.2
114.3
520.3
67.0
18.0
58.0
25.2
50.0
225.8
113.6
86.1
80.0
3641.5
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union 25
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
3861.3
704.1
2279.7
179.9
1401.6
2512.2
426.4
1282.5
537.4
692.3
2957.0
297.9
1169.7
178.2
1609.1
627.0
220.7
531.4
56.5
39.1
666.6 10624.0
70.5 1719.6
296.6 5559.9
56.3 1008.3
313.7 4055.8
3889.8
706.3
2259.0
188.3
1442.5
2574.9
420.6
1287.0
559.0
728.9
3090.1
305.0
1171.5
183.9
1734.7
635.5
219.5
537.0
58.4
40.1
688.1 10878.5
71.4 1722.8
299.2 5553.7
56.4 1046.1
332.4 4278.7
Million tonnes oil equivalent
USA
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Total
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
†Less than 0.05.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
41
World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
11000
Coal
Hydroelectricity
10000
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
9000
Oil
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
World primary energy consumption grew more slowly in 2006 but growth remained just above the 10-year average. Oil was the slowest-growing fuel, while coal was the
fastest-growing. Although oil remains the world’s leading energy source, it has lost market share to coal and natural gas in the past decade.
Regional consumption pattern 2006
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Oil remains the leading energy source in all regions except Asia Pacific and Europe & Eurasia. Coal dominates in the Asia Pacific region, while natural gas is the leading
fuel in Europe & Eurasia. The Asia Pacific region accounted for two-thirds of global energy consumption growth last year.
42
0
Consumption per capita 2006
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0
Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2006
Years
500
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
400
300
200
100
OECD
Former Soviet Union
EMEs excl. Former Soviet Union
World
0
Coal remains the world’s most abundant fossil fuel, with an R/P ratio of nearly 150 years. Coal reserves are located in the leading energy-consuming regions to a greater
degree than oil or natural gas.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
43
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*
To
tonnes
(metric)
kilolitres
barrels
Multiply by
1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325
–
1.165
1
0.159
0.0038
–
7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238
–
From
Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day
US
gallons
tonnes
per year
307.86
264.17
42
1
–
–
–
–
–
49.8
*Based on worldwide average gravity.
Products
To convert
barrels
to tonnes
tonnes
to barrels
0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149
11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7
kilolitres
to tonnes
tonnes
to kilolitres
0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939
1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065
Multiply by
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil
Natural gas (NG) and liquefied
natural gas (LNG)
To
billion cubic
metres NG
From
1
1
1
1
1
1
billion cubic metres NG
billion cubic feet NG
million tonnes oil equivalent
million tonnes LNG
trillion British thermal units
million barrels oil equivalent
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by
1
0.028
1.111
1.38
0.028
0.16
35.3
1
39.2
48.7
0.98
5.61
0.90
0.026
1
1.23
0.025
0.14
0.73
0.021
0.805
1
0.02
0.12
trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent
36
1.03
40.4
52.0
1
5.8
6.29
0.18
7.33
8.68
0.17
1
Units
1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu
1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ = 3412Btu
Calorific equivalents
One tonne of oil equivalent equals
approximately:
Heat units
10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels
See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent
produces about 4500 gigawatt-hours
(= 4.5 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a
modern power station.
Definitions
Statistics published in this Review are taken from government sources and
published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP
in the course of its business.
Country groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended to
imply any judgement about political or economic standings.
North America
USA (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada and Mexico.
South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta,
Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia,
Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe and Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara.
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including
Cape Verde, Chad.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa.
Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, Indonesia,
Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines,
Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia,
New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
44
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand,
South Korea, USA.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya. West Africa: Nigeria. Asia Pacific: Indonesia.
South America: Venezuela.
(Since Ecuador and Gabon have withdrawn from OPEC, they are excluded
from all OPEC totals.)
European Union members (25)
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Other EMEs (Emerging Market Economies)
South and Central America, Africa, Middle East, non-OECD Asia, non-OECD Europe.
Methodology
The primary energy values of both nuclear and hydroelectric power generation have
been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate
the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming a conversion
efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation).
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are
on a weight basis except on pages 6, 14, 18, 20 and 22.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their
component parts.
Tonnes
Metric tons.
Further information
Questions on data
Acknowledgements
BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data
in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007.
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they attribute the source to BP Statistical Review of World Energy
June 2007. However, where extensive reproduction of tables and/or
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BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2007
45
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