2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be

2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be
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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the scooter and should remain with
the scooter when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match your vehicle.
2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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2007
Honda CH80
ELITE 80
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
scooter.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your scooter and how it works. To
protect your investment, we urge you to
take responsibility for keeping your
scooter well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
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Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 173 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
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A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is
an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the scooter.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
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A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Scooter Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
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Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Scooter Safety ..................................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your scooter and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 25
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your scooter are ready to
ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 39
How to start and stop the engine, and
use the brakes. Also, includes riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
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Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 61
Why your scooter needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 125
How to store and transport your scooter
and how to be an environmentallyresponsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 133
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 151
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 169
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 178
Table of Contents ............................... 180
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 184
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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Scooter Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
scooter safely. Please take a few moments
to read these pages. This section also
includes information about the location of
safety labels on your scooter.
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
Scooter Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your scooter can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Scooter Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 26 ).
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Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 28 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent scooter collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
scooter. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new scooter (USA only).
Scooter Safety
3
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Important Safety Information
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see scooters because
they are not looking for them. To make
yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
scooter accidents. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, and inattention can significantly
reduce your ability to make good
judgments and ride safely.
4
Scooter Safety
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 34 ), and
do not modify your scooter (page 6 ) or
install accessories that would make your
scooter unsafe (page 5 ).
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Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your scooter or using nonHonda accessories can make your scooter
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be
sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
scooter. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Scooter Safety
5
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Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the scooter’s electrical
system capacity (page 159 ). A blown
fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine
power (page 143 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
scooter. This scooter was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your scooter’s handling.
Do not install any fairing or windshield
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your scooter. Some fairings
or windshields, even smaller ones, can
cause unstable handling of your scooter.
This is especially true if the fairing or
windshield is poorly designed or
improperly mounted.
6
Scooter Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your scooter
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, stability,
and braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
scooter illegal.
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Safety Labels
Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious
injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t
remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Scooter Safety
7
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Safety Labels
8
Scooter Safety
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
scooter.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ........... 10
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 13
Fuel Gauge.......................................... 17
Maintenance Indicator........................ 18
Controls & Features................................ 19
Ignition Switch ................................... 19
Start Button ......................................... 20
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 20
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 21
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 21
Horn Button ........................................ 22
Rear Brake Lock................................. 22
Instruments & Controls
9
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Operation Component Locations
rear brake lock lever
rear brake
lever
front brake
lever
throttle grip
headlight
dimmer switch
engine stop
switch
turn signal switch
start button
horn button
ignition switch
10
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
rear carrier
front compartment lid
Instruments & Controls
11
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Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
seat lock
12
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
The gauges and indicators on your scooter
keep you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and
indicators frequently. Their functions are
described on the following pages.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
(1) fuel gauge
(2) left turn signal indicator
(3) high beam indicator
(4) speedometer
(5) odometer
(6) right turn signal indicator
(7) maintenance indicator
(6)
USA: Odometer read in miles.
(7)
Instruments & Controls
13
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Gauges & Indicators
Lamp Check
When applicable, the high beam indicator
comes on when you turn the ignition
switch ON and remains on until you select
the low beam.
If this indicator does not come on when it
should, have your Honda dealer check for
a burned-out bulb or other problems.
14
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
1
fuel gauge
Shows the approximate fuel supply available, if your
scooter is on a level surface (page 17 ).
2
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
3
high beam indicator
(blue)
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
4
speedometer
Shows riding speed in miles per hour.
5
odometer
Shows the total miles ridden.
Instruments & Controls
15
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Gauges & Indicators
6
right turn signal
indicator (amber)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
7
maintenance indicator
Indicates specified maintenance interval for engine
oil change (page 18 ) has been reached by switching
from green to red.
16
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
(1)
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge ( 1 ) shows the approximate
fuel supply available. At F (Full), the fuel
tank capacity including reserve is:
1.3 US gal (5 )
When the gauge needle enters the red band
(2 ), fuel will be low and you should refill
the tank as soon as possible.
The amount of fuel left in the tank when
the needle enters the red band is
approximately:
0.21 US gal (0.8 )
(2)
(1) fuel gauge
(2) red band
Instruments & Controls
17
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Gauges & Indicators
Maintenance Indicator
When the mileage on your scooter
approaches the specified maintenance
interval to change oil, the maintenance
indicator (1) will change from green to red.
After replacing the engine oil, reset the
indicator by inserting the key (2) in the
slot (3) below the indicator.
The indicator changes from green to red
after the scooter has been ridden about
1,000 miles (1,600 km).Therefore, when
600 miles (1,000 km) have been ridden
after the initial oil change, be sure to reset
the indicator so the next specified
maintenance will be indicated at the
proper mileage.
18
Instruments & Controls
(3)
(1)
(1) maintenance indicator
(2) ignition key
(3) slot
(2)
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Controls & Features
FRONT
Ignition Switch
OFF
ON
The ignition switch is used for starting and
stopping the engine (page 41 ) and to lock
the steering for theft prevention (page 58 ).
Insert the key and turn it to the right for
the ON position. Push down on the key
and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical circuits
function. Allows the
steering head to be
locked.
(1)
LOCK
(1) ignition switch
To unlock the steering lock, insert the key
and turn it to the right to the OFF position.
Instruments & Controls
19
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Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 42 .
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in.
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
20
Instruments & Controls
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Controls & Features
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the taillight will remain on, resulting
in battery discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
21
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Controls & Features
Horn Button
Rear Brake Lock
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Be sure the rear brake is applied while
starting and warming up the engine.
The rear brake lock will not function if the
rear brake is not adjusted properly (page
102 ).
To Apply the Brake Lock
Squeeze the rear brake lever ( 1 ) and set
the brake lock lever ( 2 ).
The rear brake lock will not be applied if
the rear brake is not adjusted properly
(page 102 ).
22
Instruments & Controls
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Controls & Features
To Release the Brake Lock
Squeezing the rear brake lever releases the
lock lever.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
Before riding, make sure that the rear
brake is fully released so there is no drag
on the rear wheel.
<To apply>
(1)
(2)
<To release>
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
Instruments & Controls
23
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24
Instruments & Controls
06/06/14 17:10:05 31GV4780_034
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your scooter, and adjustments to make for
your comfort, convenience, or safety. This
section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 26
Protective Apparel .............................. 26
Rider Training .................................... 28
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 30
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 30
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 33
Loading ............................................... 33
Load Limits ........................................ 34
Loading Guidelines ............................ 35
Cargo Compartment ............................... 37
Front Compartment ............................ 37
Before Riding
25
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Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your scooter for the first
time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you are not riding with a passenger and
want to carry an extra helmet, use a
commercially-available elastic cord, strap,
or net to secure the helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
26
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
06/06/14 17:10:25 31GV4780_036
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
27
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Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your scooter.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other scooters, take time to become
familiar with how this scooter works and
handles. Practice riding the scooter in a
safe area to build your skills. Do not ride
in traffic until you get accustomed to the
scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable
with its size and weight.
28
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
scooter (USA only).
06/06/14 17:10:36 31GV4780_038
Are You Ready to Ride?
ALWAYS wear a helmet.
You should also wear a face shield or goggles.
Clothes should be close-fitting.
Wear gloves.
Wear bright or reflective clothing.
Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle protection.
Before Riding
29
06/06/14 17:10:43 31GV4780_039
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your scooter and make sure any problem
you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
30
Before Riding
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the scooter:
Tires & Look at the tires. If a tire
Wheels appears low, use an air pressure
gauge to check its pressure. Also
look for signs of excessive wear
(page 107 ) or damage to the
tires and wheels.
06/06/14 17:10:51 31GV4780_040
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
Walk around your scooter
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a
leak or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 34 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Before Riding
31
06/06/14 17:11:01 31GV4780_041
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
scooter:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to
check it moves smoothly
without binding.
Brakes
Pull the front and rear
brake levers to check
that they operate
normally.
Indicators
32
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal
operation of the gauges
and indicators (page 13 ).
Before Riding
If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a
week, you should also check other items,
such as the oil level and other fluids. See
Periodic Maintenance (page 68 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
06/06/14 17:11:07 31GV4780_042
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your scooter has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger, you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so
long as you keep your scooter wellmaintained, with good tires and brakes,
you can safely carry loads within the
given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, braking,
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your scooter,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger
or cargo, you should be aware of the
following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
Before Riding
33
06/06/14 17:11:18 31GV4780_043
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
scooter:
maximum weight capacity:
335 lbs (152 kg)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
rear carrier;
weight limit − 11 lbs (5 kg)
Be sure all cargo is
secure before riding
front compartment;
weight limit − 6.6 lbs (3 kg)
maximum cargo weight:
17.6 lbs (8 kg)
includes following maximum
compartment weights:
11 lbs (5 kg)
rear carrier:
front compartment: 6.6 lbs (3 kg)
rear trunk (optional part);
weight limit − 6.6 lbs (3 kg)
34
Before Riding
06/06/14 17:11:25 31GV4780_044
Load Limits & Guidelines
Loading Guidelines
Your scooter is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
Improperly loading your scooter can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your scooter is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds whenever
you carry cargo.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Before Riding
35
06/06/14 17:11:31 31GV4780_045
Load Limits & Guidelines
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load (page
105 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your scooter as possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
36
Before Riding
06/06/14 17:11:39 31GV4780_046
Cargo Compartment
Front Compartment
Make sure the front lid is closed securely
before riding.
The front compartment ( 1 ) is designed to
carry up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg).
(1)
However, regardless of compartment
capacity, be sure you do not exceed the
maximum load and cargo weight limits.
To Open the Front Compartment
Insert the ignition key (2) into the lock and
turn the key clockwise.
To Close the Front Compartment
1. Turn the ignition key clockwise and
close the front lid.
2. Turn the ignition key back to lock the
front lid. Remove the key.
(2)
(1) front compartment
(2) ignition key
Before Riding
37
06/06/14 17:11:42 31GV4780_047
38
Before Riding
06/06/14 17:11:47 31GV4780_048
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle and
brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 160 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 40
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 41
Preparation .......................................... 41
Starting Procedure .............................. 42
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 45
Riding...................................................... 46
Braking ................................................... 53
Parking .................................................... 55
Theft-Prevention Tips ........................ 58
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 59
For information about carburetor
adjustment for riding at high altitude, see
page 161 .
Basic Operation & Riding
39
06/06/14 17:11:52 31GV4780_049
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your scooter for the first
time, please review the Scooter Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
26 .
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
40
Basic Operation & Riding
06/06/14 17:12:00 31GV4780_050
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can
collect rapidly in an enclosed area and
cause illness or death.
This scooter has an automatic fuel valve
and choke; there is no manual operation.
Operate the start button for slightly longer
than usual without opening the throttle if
the scooter has been left standing for a
long time or when the fuel tank has just
been refilled.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
Do not use the electric starter for more
than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start
button for approximately 10 seconds
before pressing it again.
Basic Operation & Riding
41
06/06/14 17:12:09 31GV4780_051
Starting & Stopping the Engine
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Starting Procedure
(2)
1. Place the scooter on its center stand.
2. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever ( 1) and setting the
brake lock lever ( 2 ).
Contact with the spinning rear
wheel can cause you to be hurt.
Set the parking brake when the
scooter is on its center stand.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in.
42
Basic Operation & Riding
(1)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
06/06/14 17:12:16 31GV4780_052
Starting & Stopping the Engine
3. Make sure the engine stop switch is at
RUN.
4. Turn the ignition switch ( 3 ) ON.
5. With the throttle closed, push the start
button ( 4 ). Release the start button as
soon as the engine starts.
BELOW HANDLEBAR
ON
(3)
CLOSED
(4)
(3) ignition switch
PUSH
(4) start button
Basic Operation & Riding
43
06/06/14 17:12:23 31GV4780_053
Starting & Stopping the Engine
6. Be sure to keep the throttle ( 5 ) closed
and the rear brake locked while starting
and warming up the engine.
7. Allow the engine to warm up before
riding (see Riding, page 46 ).
If You Cannot Restart a Warm Engine
1. Place the scooter on its center stand,
squeeze the rear brake lever, and set the
rear brake lock (page 22 ).
2. Open the throttle ( 5 ) 1/8 − 1/4 turn
while starting the engine.
Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close)
the throttle. This action may cause the
scooter to move forward suddenly.
1/8
CLOSED
1/4
(5)
(5)
(5) throttle
44
Basic Operation & Riding
06/06/14 17:12:30 31GV4780_054
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch
OFF.
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the taillight will remain on,
resulting in battery discharge.
Basic Operation & Riding
45
06/06/14 17:12:36 31GV4780_055
Riding
1. To prevent unexpected movement,
make sure the throttle is closed and the
rear brake is locked (page 22 ) before
moving the scooter off its center stand.
(2)
(1)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
46
Basic Operation & Riding
2. Stand on the left side of the scooter and
push it forward and off the center stand.
06/06/14 17:12:42 31GV4780_056
Riding
3. Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground
to steady the scooter.
4. To unlock the rear wheel, squeeze the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) until the brake lock
lever ( 2 ) releases.
(2)
(1)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
Basic Operation & Riding
47
06/06/14 17:12:48 31GV4780_057
Riding
5. Before starting off, indicate your
direction with the turn signals, and
check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp
the handlebars firmly with both hands.
6. To accelerate, open the throttle ( 3 )
gradually. The scooter will move
forward.
Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the
throttle as the scooter will move forward
suddenly.
7. To decelerate, close the throttle.
CLOSED
(3)
(3) throttle
48
Basic Operation & Riding
OPEN
06/06/14 17:12:55 31GV4780_058
Riding
8. To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle
( 3 ) and apply the front and rear brakes
( 4 ) together.
Using only one brake reduces stopping
performance. Excessive brake
application may cause either wheel to
lock, reducing control of the scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(3) throttle
(4)
(4) front and rear brakes
Basic Operation & Riding
49
06/06/14 17:13:01 31GV4780_059
Riding
9. When approaching a corner or turn,
slow the scooter by closing the throttle
( 3 ) fully and applying both the front
(5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes at the same
time.
10. After completing a turn, open the
throttle gradually to accelerate the
scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(5)
(6)
(3) throttle
50
(5) front brake
Basic Operation & Riding
(6) rear brake
06/06/14 17:13:07 31GV4780_060
Riding
11. When descending a steep grade, close
the throttle ( 3 ) fully and apply both the
front ( 5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes to slow
the scooter.
Avoid continued use of the brakes,
which may cause the brakes to overheat
and reduce braking efficiency.
(6)
CLOSED
(5)
(3)
(3) throttle
(5) front brake
(6) rear brake
Basic Operation & Riding
51
06/06/14 17:13:11 31GV4780_061
Riding
12. When riding in wet or rainy conditions
or loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop is reduced. For your
safety:
Exercise extreme caution when
braking, accelerating, or turning.
Ride at slower speeds and allow for
extra stopping distance.
Keep the scooter as upright as
possible.
Use extreme caution when riding
over slippery surface such as railroad
tracks, iron plates, manhole covers,
painted lines, etc.
52
Basic Operation & Riding
06/06/14 17:13:18 31GV4780_062
Braking
Your scooter is equipped with
mechanically-activated drum brakes.
Operating the front brake lever applies the
front drum brake. Operating the rear brake
lever applies the rear drum brake.
To slow or stop, apply the front and rear
brake lever smoothly.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For support, before coming to a complete
stop, put your left foot down first, then
your right foot down.
For full braking effectiveness, use the
front and rear brake lever simultaneously.
Using both braking systems will stop your
scooter faster with greater stability.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your scooter. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed.
Basic Operation & Riding
53
06/06/14 17:13:25 31GV4780_063
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your scooter.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 28 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control.
54
Basic Operation & Riding
For your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade, use
both brakes intermittently. Continuous
brake application can overheat the brakes
and reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your hand on either brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a
false indication to other drivers. It may
also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
06/06/14 17:13:32 31GV4780_064
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the center stand.
If you must park on a hill, position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
2. Use the center stand to support the
scooter while parked.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the scooter. Hold the
left handle grip and the left handrail
under the seat or rear carrier. Press
down on the tip of the stand with
your right foot and, simultaneously,
pull up and back.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the stand
for support.
USE CENTER STAND
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
55
06/06/14 17:13:38 31GV4780_065
Parking
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in
on the ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to
LOCK. Remove the key.
LOCK STEERING
(To unlock the steering lock, insert the key
and turn it to the right to the OFF position.)
(1)
(1) ignition key
56
Basic Operation & Riding
06/06/14 17:13:43 31GV4780_066
Parking
4. Use the helmet holder (2 ), located
below the seat, to secure your helmet
and your passenger’s helmet with your
scooter.
Insert the ignition key (1) into the
seat lock (3) and turn it clockwise to
unlock.
Hang your helmet on the hook at the
seat hinge.
Lower the seat to lock.
(2)
To remove the helmet, unlock the seat
lock. Lift the helmet off the holder and
lower the seat, making sure it is
securely locked before riding.
(1)
(3)
(1) ignition key
(2) helmet holder
(3) seat lock
Basic Operation & Riding
57
06/06/14 17:13:51 31GV4780_067
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your scooter in a locked garage
whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in
a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 56 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a scooter to a secure
object.
58
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your scooter. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your scooter is stolen and recovered.
06/06/14 17:13:57 31GV4780_068
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your scooter is designed to carry you and
one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 34 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 35 ).
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 26 ).
Tell your passenger to hold your waist,
lean with you in the turns, and keep their
feet on the passenger footpegs at all times,
even when the scooter is stopped at a
traffic light.
Basic Operation & Riding
59
06/06/14 17:14:00 31GV4780_069
60
Basic Operation & Riding
06/06/14 17:14:08 31GV4780_070
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your scooter in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 164 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 64
Maintenance Safety ................................ 65
Important Safety Precautions ............. 66
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 68
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 70
Maintenance Record............................... 75
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 143 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
61
06/06/14 17:14:17 31GV4780_071
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 77
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 80
Left Side Cover Removal....................... 81
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 82
Engine Oil ............................................... 85
Air Cleaner ............................................. 91
Belt Case Air Cleaner ............................. 93
Crankcase Breather................................. 95
62
Servicing Your Honda
Engine
Engine Idle Speed ................................... 96
Spark Plug............................................... 98
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 101
Tires ...................................................... 105
Electrical
Battery................................................... 112
Appearance Care .................................. 117
06/06/14 17:14:31 31GV4780_072
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
30
Periodic Maintenance
68
Maintenance Schedule
70
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
An optional tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.
Servicing Your Honda
63
06/06/14 17:14:37 31GV4780_073
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained scooter will also help
to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your scooter before each ride, perform the
periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your scooter overturns or is involved in
a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are
able to make some repairs.
64
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:14:42 31GV4780_074
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your scooter.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
65
06/06/14 17:14:49 31GV4780_075
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot scooter parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
66
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the scooter from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface,
using the side stand, center stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
Be sure the rear brake lock is set before
running the engine while the scooter is
supported by the center stand. This will
prevent the rear wheel from spinning
and avoid the possibility of someone
being injured from contacting the wheel.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
06/06/14 17:14:53 31GV4780_076
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. To ensure the best
quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
170 ).
Servicing Your Honda
67
06/06/14 17:14:58 31GV4780_077
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 70 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 30 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your scooter, or as often as once a
week if you ride frequently or for long
distances. It’s a good idea to perform this
maintenance any time you clean your
scooter.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 70 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
68
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:15:08 31GV4780_078
Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 105 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 107 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 107 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire
surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 88 ). Add the correct fluid as
necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the front and rear brakes lever (page101).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
69
06/06/14 17:15:14 31GV4780_079
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your scooter serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your scooter serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
70
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 170 ).
06/06/14 17:15:20 31GV4780_080
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 30 )
and owner maintenance (page 70 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 170 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
71
06/06/14 17:15:28 31GV4780_081
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.
4. California type only.
72
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
06/06/14 17:15:37 31GV4780_082
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
ITEM
NOTE
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANK CASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUG
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL STRAINER
SCREEN
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
2
3
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
7.5
5
2.5
0.6
12
8
4
1.0
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
C
C
C
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
R
R EVERY 1,000 mi
(1,600 km)
C
I
4
I
I
Refer to page
I
I
−
−
91
95
98
−
85
−
96
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 170 ).
Servicing Your Honda
73
06/06/14 17:15:48 31GV4780_083
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
74
NOTE
BELT CASE AIR CLEANER
BRAKE SHOE WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
* BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
* HEADLIGHT AIM
** CLUTCH SHOE WEAR
* SUSPENSION
* NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
** WHEELS/TIRES
** STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
7.5
5
2.5
0.6
12
8
4
1.0
C
C
C
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to page
93
104
101
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 170 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:15:56 31GV4780_084
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter
is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure
whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance,
including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record
anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600
(1,000)
2,500
(4,000)
5,000
(8,000)
7,500
(12,000)
10,000
(16,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
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Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
12,500
(20,000)
15,000
(24,000)
17,500
(28,000)
20,000
(32,000)
22,500
(36,000)
25,000
(40,000)
27,500
(44,000)
30,000
(48,000)
76
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
06/06/14 17:16:06 31GV4780_086
Maintenance Component Locations
front brake lever
rear brake lever
throttle grip
Servicing Your Honda
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Maintenance Component Locations
fuel fill cap
owner’s manual
engine oil filler cap/dipstick
78
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:16:15 31GV4780_088
Maintenance Component Locations
battery
main fuse
belt case
air cleaner
air cleaner
engine idle speed
spark plug
crankcase breather tube
engine oil drain bolt
Servicing Your Honda
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Owner’s Manual Storage
Your scooter provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag in the front
compartment (1 ) (page 37 ).
INSIDE FRONT COMPARTMENT
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
(1)
(1) front compartment
80
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:16:28 31GV4780_090
Left Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
The left side cover must be removed to
service the air cleaner, belt case air cleaner
and spark plug.
LEFT SIDE
2. Unscrew the knob securing the center
cover (3).
3. Remove the center cover.
4. Remove the screw (4) securing the left
side cover (5).
5. Remove the left side cover.
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) ignition key
(2) seat lock
(5)
1. Insert the ignition key (1) in the seat
lock (2) and turn it clockwise to unlock
and lift the seat.
(3) center cover
(5) left side cover
(4) screw
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:16:37 31GV4780_091
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 167 .
82
Servicing Your Honda
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
06/06/14 17:16:46 31GV4780_092
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Fuel Capacity
LEFT SIDE
(2)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
1.3 US gal (5 )
(1)
(1) ignition key
(2) seat lock
1. Insert the ignition key (1) in the seat
lock (2) and turn it clockwise to unlock
and lift the seat.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:16:53 31GV4780_093
Fuel
2. Remove the fuel fill cap (3 ) by turning
it counterclockwise.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck (4 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
(3)
(4)
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
4. After refueling, install the fuel fill cap
by turning it clockwise.
5. Lower and push the seat until it locks.
6. Remove the ignition key from the seat
lock.
(3) fuel fill cap
(4) filler neck
84
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:17:02 31GV4780_094
Engine Oil
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 85 ) and
regularly checking, adding, and changing
oil will help extend your engine’s life.
Even the best oil wears out. Changing oil
helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the
engine. Operating the engine with old or
dirty oil can damage your engine. Running
the engine with insufficient oil can cause
serious damage to the engine and
transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 73 .
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
MA
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:17:13 31GV4780_095
Engine Oil
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
Your scooter does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
86
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:17:20 31GV4780_096
Engine Oil
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the
sales company of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:17:34 31GV4780_097
Engine Oil
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
88
Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
6. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
7. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
8. Check for oil leaks.
06/06/14 17:17:43 31GV4780_098
Engine Oil
Changing Engine Oil
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 2 ), crankcase drain bolt,
and sealing washer ( 3 ).
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench, as well as a means for disposing
of the drained fluid (page 131 ). If you do
not have the skills or the tools, see your
Honda dealer.
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
drain bolt ( 1 ).
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3)
(1) crankcase drain bolt
(2) oil filler cap/dipstick
(3) sealing washer
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/15 11:49:59 31GV4780_099
Engine Oil
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 131 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
7. Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
8. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 85 ),
approximately:
0.6 US qt (0.6 )
90
Servicing Your Honda
9. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
10. Lock the rear wheel (page 22 ).
11. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
12. Stop the engine. Wait 2−3 minutes.
13. Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.
14. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
06/06/14 17:18:02 31GV4780_100
Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your scooter’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine damage.
Servicing Your Honda
91
06/06/14 17:18:08 31GV4780_101
Air Cleaner
Replacement
1. Remove the left side cover (page 81).
2. Remove the air cleaner housing cover
(1) by removing the screws (2).
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) air cleaner
housing cover
92
(2) screws
(3) air cleaner
Servicing Your Honda
3. Discard the air cleaner (3).
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
06/06/14 17:18:18 31GV4780_102
Belt Case Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
1. Remove the left side cover (page 81).
2. Loosen the air cleaner duct band screw
(1), and remove the air cleaner duct (2).
3. Remove the element holder (3) and
element (4).
LEFT SIDE
(4)
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(3)
(3) element holder
(1)
(1) screw
(2) air cleaner duct
(4) element
4. Gently wash the element in clean, nonflammable (high flash point) solvent
such as kerosene − not gasoline. After
cleaning, gently squeeze out the
remaining solvent.
Avoid twisting or wringing the element.
This can tear the foam.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:18:25 31GV4780_103
Belt Case Air Cleaner
5. Inspect the element for cracks or tears
in the foam or seams. Replace the
element if it is damaged.
6. Allow the element to dry thoroughly
before installation.
Do not apply oil to the element. The drive
belt may be damaged.
7. Install the element and element holder.
8. Install the air cleaner duct.
9. Install the left side cover.
94
Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:18:32 31GV4780_104
Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your scooter is ridden in the
rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:18:41 31GV4780_105
Engine Idle Speed
The best way to assure proper carburetion
is to see your Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled servicing, including carburetor
adjustment.
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
For information about high altitude
carburetor adjustment, see page 161 .
96
Servicing Your Honda
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) throttle stop screw
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
2. Place your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
06/06/14 17:18:48 31GV4780_106
Engine Idle Speed
3. Remove the center cover and left side
cover (page 81 ).
4. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever and setting the rear
brake lock lever (page 22 ). Start the
engine.
5. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
6. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
1,700 ± 100 rpm
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:19:01 31GV4780_107
Spark Plug
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for cold
climate
(below 5°C,
41°F)
for
extended
high speed
riding
CR7HS (NGK)
or
U22FSR-U (DENSO)
CR6HS (NGK)
or
U20FSR-U (DENSO)
CR8HS (NGK)
or
U24FSR-U (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
98
Servicing Your Honda
Spark Plug Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
1. Remove the center cover and left side
cover (page 81 ).
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap. Take
care to avoid damaging the spark plug
wire when disconnecting the cap.
3. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug base.
4. Using a spark plug wrench, remove the
spark plug.
06/06/14 17:19:10 31GV4780_108
Spark Plug
5. Discard the spark plug.
6. Check the spark plug gap ( 1 ), using a
wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is
necessary, bend the side electrode (2 )
carefully.
The gap should be:
0.024−0.028 in (0.60−0.70 mm)
(2)
(1)
(1) spark plug gap
(2) side electrode
7. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:19:18 31GV4780_109
Spark Plug
8. Tighten the spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK:
1 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 3/4 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
An improperly tightened spark plug can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
100 Servicing Your Honda
9. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
10. Reinstall the left side cover and center
cover (page 81 ).
06/06/14 17:19:25 31GV4780_110
Brakes
Mechanically-activated drum braking
systems on your scooter dissipate the heat
generated by the friction of the brake
shoes on the drum as the wheels are
slowed.
Brake Lever Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
(2)
(1)
(1) front brake lever
(2) rear brake lever
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:19:34 31GV4780_111
Brakes
Inspection
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Check freeplay by pulling in slowly on
the front brake lever ( 1 ) and rear brake
lever (2 ) until each brake starts to
engage.
Freeplay at the tip of the brake levers
should be:
Adjustment
1. Turn the brake adjusting nut ( 3 ). Make
sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is
seated on the brake arm pin ( 4 ).
LEFT FRONT
LEFT REAR
3/8−13/16 in (10−20mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
(−)
(+)
(+)
(−)
(3) (4)
(4)
(3)
(3) adjusting nut (+) increase freeplay
(4) arm pin
(−) decrease freeplay
102 Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:19:42 31GV4780_112
Brakes
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
Other Inspections
Make sure the brake arm, spring, and
fasteners are in good condition.
(4)
(3)
cut-out
correctly
seated
cut-out
not seated
(3) adjusting nut
(4) arm pin
Servicing Your Honda
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06/06/14 17:19:53 31GV4780_113
Brakes
Brake Shoe Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
LEFT FRONT (3)
(1)
(4)
(2)
LEFT REAR
(4)
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
104 Servicing Your Honda
The front and rear brakes are equipped
with external brake wear indicators that let
you check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the brake control causes the
arrow on the brake arm to move toward a
reference mark on the brake panel.
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Apply the brake and check the
movement of the arrow ( 1 ) on the
brake arm (2 ). Replace the brake shoes
if the arrow aligns with the reference
mark ( 3 ) on the brake panel ( 4 ) upon
full application of the brake. If
replacement is necessary, see your
Honda dealer.
06/06/14 17:20:01 31GV4780_114
Tires
To safely operate your scooter, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your scooter ride harshly, are more prone
to damage from road hazards, and wear
unevenly.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
Servicing Your Honda
105
06/06/14 17:20:09 31GV4780_115
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only
been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
106 Servicing Your Honda
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
*
22 psi
(150 kPa , 1.50 kgf/cm )
25 psi
(175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs (90
kg) of added weight*
33 psi
(225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs (90
kg) of added weight*
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo & all accessories
06/06/14 17:20:19 31GV4780_116
Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
Servicing Your Honda
107
06/06/14 17:20:26 31GV4780_117
Tires
Inspect the wear indicator (1) to check for
insufficient tread depth.
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire & Tube Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. A repaired tube will not have
the same reliability as a new one, and it
may fail while you are riding. And the tire
will have lower speed and performance
limits than a new one.
108 Servicing Your Honda
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire and tube replaced as soon
as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
140 .)
06/06/14 17:20:33 31GV4780_118
Tires
If you decide to only replace the tube but
not the tire, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. Repair work should
be done by a professional and the wheel
should be balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire and tube professionally
repaired at a non-Honda facility, we
recommend that you have the work
checked by your Honda dealer.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
The tires that came on your scooter were
designed to match the performance
capabilities of your scooter and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability, and comfort.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
109
06/06/14 17:20:44 31GV4780_119
Tires
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
Installing improper tires on your
scooter can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
110 Servicing Your Honda
The recommended tires for your scooter
are:
front
rear
type
3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
bias-ply, tube
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
06/06/14 17:20:48 31GV4780_120
Tires
Have a new tube installed whenever a
tire is replaced. The old tube will
probably be stretched. If installed in a
new tire, it could fail.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
111
06/06/14 17:20:56 31GV4780_121
Battery
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your scooter –– or do not
ride frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 115 ).
112 Servicing Your Honda
If you do not expect to ride your scooter
for at least two weeks, we recommend you
remove the battery –– or at least
disconnect the battery cables (negative
cable first).
If you plan to store your scooter, see
Battery Storage, page 113 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
06/06/14 17:21:03 31GV4780_122
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
If you plan to store your scooter, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 115 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
Servicing Your Honda
113
06/06/14 17:21:14 31GV4780_123
Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the seat.
UNDER SEAT
(2)
(3)
(4)
(1) battery cover
(2) negative (−) terminal lead
(3) positive (+) terminal lead
(4) battery
114 Servicing Your Honda
(1)
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Lift up the seat (page 57 ).
3. Remove the battery cover ( 1 ).
4. Remove the bolt that secures the
negative (−) terminal lead ( 2 ).
5. Remove the bolt that secures the
positive (+) terminal lead ( 3 ).
6. Pull the battery ( 4 ) out of the battery
box.
7. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
8. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
06/06/14 17:21:24 31GV4780_124
Battery
9. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
10. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
(1)
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
115
06/06/14 17:21:29 31GV4780_125
Battery
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a scooter battery and cause
permanent damage.
116 Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:21:38 31GV4780_126
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your scooter. A clean
scooter is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
To clean your scooter, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your scooter.
If your scooter is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
scooter in bright sunlight may cause the
finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your scooter regularly to protect
surface finishes.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
117
06/06/14 17:21:45 31GV4780_127
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your scooter. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil).
118 Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:21:54 31GV4780_128
Appearance Care
Washing Your Scooter with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing scooters or
automobiles.
3. Wash your scooter with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. After washing, rinse your scooter
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your scooter with a chamois or a
soft towel. Leaving water on the surface
to air dry can cause dulling and water
spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and
scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
119
06/06/14 17:21:59 31GV4780_129
Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your scooter at a
slow speed and apply the brakes several
times. This will help dry the brakes and
restore normal braking performance.
120 Servicing Your Honda
TEST BRAKES
06/06/14 17:22:04 31GV4780_130
Appearance Care
Spray Cleaning Your Scooter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
Servicing Your Honda
121
06/06/14 17:22:14 31GV4780_131
Appearance Care
Scooter Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
06/06/14 17:22:20 31GV4780_132
Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
After washing your scooter, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for scooters or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your scooter is chipped or
scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up
paint to match your scooter’s color. Be
sure to use your scooter’s color code (page
154 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
Servicing Your Honda
123
06/06/14 17:22:22 31GV4780_133
124 Servicing Your Honda
06/06/14 17:22:26 31GV4780_134
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................. 126
Transporting Your Scooter................... 130
You & the Environment ....................... 131
Tips
125
06/06/14 17:22:36 31GV4780_135
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your scooter and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your scooter
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your scooter in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
126 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 131 ).
1. Change the engine oil (page 89 ).
2. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
06/06/14 17:22:44 31GV4780_136
Storing Your Honda
3. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in
an approved manner (page 131 ).
If storage will last longer than one
month, carburetor draining is important,
to assure proper performance after
storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinder,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug cap from the
spark plug. Using tape or string,
secure the cap to any convenient
plastic body part so that it is
positioned away from the spark plug.
Remove the spark plug from the
engine and store it in a safe place. Do
not connect the spark plug to the
spark plug cap.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into the cylinder and
cover the spark plug hole with a piece
of cloth.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
127
06/06/14 17:22:53 31GV4780_137
Storing Your Honda
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plug and spark
plug cap.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
115 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 105 ).
128 Tips
8. Store your scooter in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight,
with a minimum of daily temperature
variation.
9. Place your scooter on blocks to lift both
tires off the floor.
10. Cover your scooter with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
06/06/14 17:23:01 31GV4780_138
Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
1. Uncover and clean your scooter.
2. If your scooter has been stored for more
than four months –– change the engine
oil (page 89 ).
3. If your scooter has been stored for more
than two months –– ask your Honda
dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 115 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 30 ),
then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.
Tips
129
06/06/14 17:23:05 31GV4780_139
Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 177 (USA only). Do
not tow your scooter, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the scooter, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
130 Tips
06/06/14 17:23:11 31GV4780_140
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible scooter
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
131
06/06/14 17:23:13 31GV4780_141
132 Tips
06/06/14 17:23:19 31GV4780_142
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your scooter
while you’re riding. It tells you how to
evaluate each problem and what actions
you can take to try to resume riding. If the
problem cannot be safely solved, this
section also gives instructions on the
proper way to have your scooter
transported.
General Guidelines ............................... 134
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 135
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 140
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 143
If You Crash ......................................... 147
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 148
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ........ 149
For information about transporting your
scooter, see page 130 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
133
06/06/14 17:23:28 31GV4780_143
Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 177 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
scooter, and any other items (such as tire
repair supplies and additional tools) that
might help you solve a problem on your
own.
134 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your scooter is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
06/06/14 17:23:33 31GV4780_144
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your scooter won’t start, listen as you
press the start button. If you don’t hear the
starter motor turning, refer to the Starter
motor doesn’t operate symptom. If you
can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
135
06/06/14 17:23:45 31GV4780_145
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
143 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
low (or dead) battery
Charge the battery (page 115 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
136 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/06/14 17:23:58 31GV4780_146
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
loose or unconnected spark
Install the spark plug cap securely. If the engine
plug cap
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
loose battery cables
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 115 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
137
06/06/14 17:24:06 31GV4780_147
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 96 ). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
138 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/06/14 17:24:15 31GV4780_148
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 82 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
139
06/06/14 17:24:21 31GV4780_149
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage.
If a tire has major damage or the bead has
come loose from the rim, there is probably
not much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
or other qualified service facility. (USA
only: For information about 24-hour
emergency roadside assistance, see page
177 .) Even with a simple puncture, this
may be the safest and least troublesome
140 Taking Care of the Unexpected
solution. For transporting instructions, see
page 130 .
Honda does not recommend that you make
a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.
However, if you decide to make a
temporary repair so you can get to a
service facility, ride cautiously at reduced
speed and have the tube and tire replaced
before you ride again.
06/06/14 17:24:26 31GV4780_150
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your scooter with a
temporary tire or tube repair can
be risky. If the temporary repair
fails, you can crash and be
seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire and
tube are replaced.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without a passenger or cargo) until the tire
and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and
check the air pressure. If the tire is losing
pressure, it may be unsafe to continue
riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect
the handling of your motorcycle
(especially with a passenger and cargo)
and it may overheat and blow out.
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 109 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
141
06/06/14 17:24:32 31GV4780_151
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 66 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
142 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/06/14 17:24:39 31GV4780_152
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
scooter have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow
(short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Check the fuse before looking elsewhere
for another possible cause of the problem.
Replace a blown fuse and check
component operation.
The fuse holder is located behind the
center cover.
The spare fuse is located in the fuse
holder.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse
10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuse.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
143
06/06/14 17:24:47 31GV4780_153
If a Fuse Blows
2. To access the main fuse ( 1 ), remove
the center cover.
BEHIND CENTER COVER
(1)
3. Open the fuse holder (2 ) and lift out
the fuse with the clips (3 ).
4. Slide the old fuse out of the clips and
discard it.
5. Slide the clips onto the ends of the new
fuse, push them back into the fuse
holder, and close the fuse holder.
Do not pry the clips open to get a fuse out;
you could bend them and cause poor
contact with the new fuse. A loose fuse
could cause damage to the electrical
system and even start a fire.
(1) main fuse
144 Taking Care of the Unexpected
6. After replacing the fuse, be sure to
return the fuse holder to its original
location.
06/06/14 17:24:57 31GV4780_154
If a Fuse Blows
REMOVAL
(2)
(4)
pull up
(3)
(4) blown fuse
(2) fuse holder
INSTALLATION
(3) clips
7. Install the fuse holder and center cover.
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
145
06/06/14 17:25:03 31GV4780_155
If a Fuse Blows
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your scooter checked by
your Honda dealer.
146 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/06/14 17:25:09 31GV4780_156
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your scooter thoroughly
checked at a qualified service facility as
soon as possible. Also, be sure to have
your Honda dealer check the frame and
suspension after any serious crash.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your scooter for
damage and determine if it is safe to ride.
Check the tightness of critical nuts and
bolts securing such parts as the handlebar,
control levers, brakes, and wheels.
If your scooter cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Scooter, page 130 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
147
06/06/14 17:25:14 31GV4780_157
If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
148 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
your scooter to them or the nearest Honda
dealer. The dealer will probably have to
remove the ignition switch assembly to
find the key number so they can make a
key for you.
06/06/14 17:25:19 31GV4780_158
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your scooter’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
149
06/06/14 17:25:21 31GV4780_159
150 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/06/14 17:25:26 31GV4780_160
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your scooter.
Vehicle Identification ........................... 152
Specifications ....................................... 155
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 160
High Altitude Carburetor
Adjustment............................................ 161
Emission Control Systems ................... 162
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 167
Technical Information
151
06/06/14 17:25:32 31GV4780_161
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial numbers are
required when you register your scooter.
They may also be required when ordering
replacement parts. You may record these
numbers in the Quick Reference section at
the rear of this manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the left side of the frame
body and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached to the frame
tube forward of the front cover.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
152 Technical Information
06/06/14 17:25:39 31GV4780_162
Vehicle Identification
LEFT SIDE
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
lower left side of the crankcase cover.
(2)
(2) VIN
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(3) engine number
Technical Information
153
06/06/14 17:25:44 31GV4780_163
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
UNDER SEAT
(1)
The color label is located to the fuel tank
under the seat.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
154 Technical Information
06/06/14 17:25:53 31GV4780_164
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
68.9 in (1,750 mm)
26.4 in (670 mm)
43.1 in (1,095 mm)
46.1 in (1,170 mm)
5.1 in (130 mm)
Technical Information
155
06/06/14 17:26:03 31GV4780_165
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
transmission oil
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
1.3 US gal (5 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 0.8 US qt (0.8 )
after draining: 0.6 US qt (0.6 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
0.06 US qt (0.06 )
156 Technical Information
06/06/14 17:26:19 31GV4780_166
Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator, one passenger
335 lbs (152 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
4.86 cu-in (79.7 cm )
bore & stroke
1.95 × 1.63 in (49.5 × 41.4 mm)
compression ratio
9.3 : 1
spark plug (standard) CR7HS (NGK)
U22FSR-U (DENSO)
or
spark plug
CR6HS (NGK)
U20FSR-U (DENSO)
or
(cold climate)
spark plug (high
CR8HS (NGK)
U24FSR-U (DENSO)
or
speed riding)
valve clearance
intake: 0.002 in (0.05 mm)
(cold)
exhaust: 0.002 in (0.05 mm)
spark plug gap
0.024−0.028 in (0.60−0.70 mm)
idle speed
1,700 ± 100 rpm
Technical Information
157
06/06/14 17:26:34 31GV4780_167
Specifications
Power Transmission
V-Belt
primary reduction
8.382
final reduction
Chassis & Suspension
caster
26°
trail
2.7 in (68 mm)
tire size, front
3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
tire size, rear
3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
bias-ply, tube
tire type
tire pressure, front
22 psi (150 kPa , 1.50 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm ) −with less than 200 lbs
(cold)
(90 kg) of added weight
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) −with more than 200 lbs
(90 kg) of added weight
158 Technical Information
06/06/14 17:26:48 31GV4780_168
Specifications
Electrical
battery
generator
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
license light
turn signal
indicator
high beam
indicator
Fuse
main
12V-4 Ah
0.1 kW/5,000 rpm
12V-35/35W
12V-27/8W
12V-23W
12V-3.8W
12V-3.4W
12V-1.7W
10A
Torque Specifications
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
engine oil drain bolt
Technical Information
159
06/06/14 17:26:52 31GV4780_169
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your scooter’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 60 miles (100 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
160 Technical Information
06/06/14 17:26:58 31GV4780_170
High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes
overly rich when operated at high altitudes.
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich
mixture can cause driveability problems,
reduce engine performance, and increase
fuel consumption. To compensate, you
can have the carburetor adjusted for high
altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.
However, the carburetor must be returned
to standard factory specifications before
riding again at lower altitudes (below
5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda
dealer.
Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the
lean high-altitude setting may cause rough
idling, stalling, or engine damage from
overheating.
Technical Information
161
06/06/14 17:27:04 31GV4780_171
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada require that your
scooter comply with applicable exhaust
emissions standards during its useful life,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that scooters built
after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
162 Technical Information
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Scooter Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
06/06/14 17:27:09 31GV4780_172
Emission Control Systems
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) is attached to the
right side of the fuel tank below the seat.
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
Technical Information
163
06/06/14 17:27:14 31GV4780_173
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
consists of lean carburetor settings, and no
adjustment should be made except idle
speed adjustment with the throttle stop
screw.
164 Technical Information
Evaporative Emission Control System
(California only)
This scooter complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank and carburetor is directed into
the charcoal canister and air cleaner where
it is adsorbed and stored while the engine
is stopped. When the engine is running
and the purge control diaphragm valve is
open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister
and air cleaner is drawn into the engine
through the carburetor.
06/06/14 17:27:20 31GV4780_174
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
Problems That May Affect Scooter
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda scooter
dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Technical Information
165
06/06/14 17:27:26 31GV4780_175
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
166 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
06/06/14 17:27:33 31GV4780_176
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
Technical Information
167
06/06/14 17:27:39 31GV4780_177
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
168 Technical Information
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
06/06/14 17:27:44 31GV4780_178
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................. 170
Warranty Coverage .............................. 173
Warranty Service .................................. 174
Contacting Honda ................................. 175
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 176
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 177
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 179
Consumer Information
169
06/06/14 17:27:53 31GV4780_179
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61GV422
2007 CH80 Service Manual
$27.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31GV4780
2007 CH80 Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
170 Consumer Information
06/06/14 17:28:05 31GV4780_180
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. Add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. Add 8.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$5.00
Grand Total
Consumer Information
171
06/06/14 17:28:19 31GV4780_181
S
H
I
P
T
O
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
172 Consumer Information
06/06/14 17:28:26 31GV4780_182
Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Scooter Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the scooter.
Consumer Information
173
06/06/14 17:28:32 31GV4780_183
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your scooter, call the service department
of your Honda dealer. Make an
appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
scooter, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
174 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
06/06/14 17:28:39 31GV4780_184
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
Consumer Information
175
06/06/14 17:28:45 31GV4780_185
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
176 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
06/06/14 17:28:52 31GV4780_186
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning and riding your
Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club
of America. Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a
participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles
you to a complimentary one-year
membership in the Club. There are
hundreds of HRCA Chapter-sponsoring
dealers across the USA with events and
activities almost every weekend.
Membership benefits include:
24-hour, toll-free roadside assistance
for your new Honda (includes roadside
assistance for your transport vehicle [up
to one ton] as long as your Honda is
aboard or in tow). For street-legal
motorcycles and scooters only.
An exclusive HRCA website complete
with access to the official Honda
Common Service Manual, contests,
insider information and more.
Reimbursement (up to $75) for
successful completion of a Motorcycle
Safety Foundation training course.
Separate, complimentary training from
the Specialty Vehicle Institute of
America for purchasers of new ATVs.
One full year of Honda Red Rider
magazine (six issues).
Discounts from HRCA partners for
experienced rider courses.
Discounted vehicle insurance from the
HRCA’s insurance partner.
Racing contingency programs and
assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad and motocross events for off-road
motorcycles and selected ATVs.
Consumer Information
177
06/06/14 17:28:57 31GV4780_187
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
If you purchased an of f -road motorcycle,
ATV or PWC, your benef its do not
include roadside assistance or trip
interruption protection.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1-800-847-4722 or log
on to www.hrca.honda.com.
178 Consumer Information
06/07/06 20:13:44 31GV4780 0188 Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.saf ercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh
Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
Consumer Information
179
06/06/14 17:29:08 31GV4780_189
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
SCOOTER SAFETY.............................. 1
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ........ 9
Operation Component Locations ........... 10
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 13
Fuel Gauge.......................................... 17
Maintenance Indicator........................ 18
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 19
Start Button ......................................... 20
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 20
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 21
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 21
Horn Button ........................................ 22
180 Table of Contents
Rear Brake Lock................................. 22
BEFORE RIDING................................ 25
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 26
Protective Apparel .............................. 26
Rider Training .................................... 28
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 30
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 30
Load Limit & Guidelines ....................... 33
Loading ............................................... 33
Load Limits ........................................ 34
Loading Guidelines ............................ 35
Cargo Compartments.............................. 37
Front Compartment ............................ 37
06/06/14 17:29:15 31GV4780_190
Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 39
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 40
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 41
Preparation .......................................... 41
Starting Procedure .............................. 42
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 45
Riding...................................................... 46
Braking ................................................... 53
Parking .................................................... 55
Theft-Prevention Tips ........................ 58
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 59
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 61
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 64
Maintenance Safety ................................ 65
Important Safety Precautions ............. 66
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 68
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 70
Maintenance Record............................... 75
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 77
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 80
Left Side Cover Removal....................... 81
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
181
06/06/14 17:29:24 31GV4780_191
Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 82
Engine Oil ............................................... 85
Air Cleaner ............................................. 91
Belt Case Air Cleaner ............................. 93
Crankcase Breather................................. 95
Engine
Engine Idle Speed ................................... 96
Spark Plug............................................... 98
182 Table of Contents
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 101
Tires ...................................................... 105
Electrical
Battery................................................... 112
Appearance Care .................................. 117
TIPS...................................................... 125
Storing Your Honda ............................. 126
Transporting Your Scooter................... 130
You & the Environment ....................... 131
06/06/14 17:29:29 31GV4780_192
Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 133
General Guidelines ............................... 134
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 135
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 140
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 143
If You Crash ......................................... 147
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 148
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ........ 149
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 169
Authorized Manuals ............................. 170
Warranty Coverage .............................. 173
Warranty Service .................................. 174
Contacting Honda ................................. 175
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 176
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 177
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 179
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 151
Vehicle Identification ........................... 152
Specifications ....................................... 155
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 160
High Altitude Carburetor
Adjustment............................................ 161
Emission Control Systems ................... 162
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 167
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 180
INDEX ................................................. 184
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
183
06/06/14 17:29:34 31GV4780_193
Index
break-in guidelines ............................... 160
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner................................................ 91
air pressure,tires .................................... 105
altitude, high ......................................... 161
American Honda, contacting................ 175
apparel, protective .................................. 30
appearance care .................................... 117
B
battery ................................................... 112
belt case air cleaner ................................ 93
brakes,
lever freeplay .................................... 101
shoe wear .......................................... 104
braking .................................................... 53
184 Index
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 83
carburetor, altitude adjustment ............. 161
care, appearance ................................... 117
cleaning, appearance care .................... 117
color label ............................................. 154
compartment,
front .................................................... 37
consumer information .......................... 169
customer service ................................... 175
06/06/14 17:29:40 31GV4780_194
Index
D
defects, safety ....................................... 179
E
emission control systems ...................... 162
engine,
idle speed ............................................ 96
number .............................................. 152
oil ........................................................ 85
pinging ................................................ 82
starting ................................................ 41
stop switch .......................................... 20
stopping............................................... 45
won’t start ......................................... 135
environment .......................................... 131
F
flat tire................................................... 140
fuel,
gauge ................................................... 17
oxygenated........................................ 167
recommendation ................................. 82
tank capacity ....................................... 83
fuses ...................................................... 143
G
gap, spark plug........................................ 99
gasohol .................................................. 167
gasoline ................................................... 82
Index
185
06/06/14 17:29:46 31GV4780_195
Index
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 21
helmet holder .......................................... 57
high altitude carburetor adjustment ..... 161
high beam indicator ................................ 13
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 175
Rider’s Club...................................... 177
dealer................................................. 176
Honda service manual .......................... 170
horn button .............................................. 22
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 153
idle speed, engine ................................... 96
ignition switch ........................................ 19
186 Index
indicators................................................. 13
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 30
K
key, lost ................................................. 148
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
limit, weight ............................................ 34
load limits ............................................... 34
loading guidelines................................... 34
lock, steering ........................................... 56
06/06/14 17:29:52 31GV4780_196
Index
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 77
importance .......................................... 64
indicator .............................................. 18
periodic ............................................... 68
record .................................................. 75
safety................................................... 65
schedule .............................................. 73
manual, service ..................................... 170
maximum weight limit ........................... 34
modifications ............................................ 6
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 153
O
odometer ................................................. 13
oil, engine ............................................... 85
operating controls ................................... 19
operation component locations .............. 10
owner’s manual storage .......................... 80
oxygenated fuels................................... 167
P
parking .................................................... 55
pinging, engine ....................................... 82
plug, spark............................................... 98
pre-ride inspection .................................. 30
problems, unexpected ........................... 133
protective apparel ................................... 26
Index
187
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Index
R
removal,
left side cover ..................................... 81
reporting safety defects ........................ 179
rider training ....................................... 3, 28
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 177
riding,
basic operation .................................... 39
clothing ............................................... 26
precautions .......................................... 40
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 40
with passenger or cargo ...................... 59
188 Index
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 66
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 179
riding precautions ............................... 40
schedule, maintenance............................ 70
serial numbers ....................................... 152
service,
customer............................................ 175
manuals ............................................. 170
warranty ............................................ 174
spark knock ............................................. 82
spark plug................................................ 98
specifications ........................................ 155
start button .............................................. 20
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Index
starting,
engine .................................................. 41
troubleshooting ................................. 135
steering lock ............................................ 55
stop switch, engine ................................. 20
stopping engine ....................................... 45
storage,
owner’s manual .................................. 80
scooter ............................................... 126
switch,
headlight dimmer................................ 21
ignition ................................................ 19
turn signal ........................................... 21
flat ..................................................... 140
replacing ........................................... 109
training, rider ...................................... 3, 28
transporting your scooter...................... 130
trouble, unexpected .............................. 133
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 135
turn signal indicator ................................ 13
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 152
T
theft prevention tips................................ 58
tires,
air pressure........................................ 105
Index
189
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Index
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 173
extended ............................................ 173
service ............................................... 174
washing your scooter ............................ 119
weight limit ............................................. 34
190 Index
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Memo
191
06/06/14 17:30:10 31GV4780_201
192 Memo
06/06/14 17:30:18 31GV4780_202
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
06/06/14 17:30:22 31GV4780_203
Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
06/06/14 17:30:33 31GV4780_204
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 30 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, brakes, indicators, lights.
Check the following items monthly (page 68 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuse, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
1.3 US gal (5 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
335 lbs (152 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Quick Reference
06/06/14 17:30:43 31GV4780_205
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plug
Fuse
Quick Reference
Front: 3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
Rear: 3.50-10 51J
BRIDGESTONE ML2
DUNLOP K398
IRC 3R
KIK MB3
Type: bias-ply, tube
Front: 22 psi (150 kPa , 1.50 kgf/cm )
Rear: 25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
standard: CR7HS (NGK) or U22FSR-U (DENSO)
cold climate: CR6HS (NGK) or U20FSR-U (DENSO)
high speed riding: CR8HS (NGK) or U24FSR-U (DENSO)
main: 10A
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