Model 610C, 610CR Instruction Manual

Model 610C, 610CR Instruction Manual
Model 610C, 610CR Solid-State Electrometers
Instruction Manual
A GREATER MEASURE OF CONFIDENCE
WARRANTY
Keithley Instruments, Inc. warrants this product to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of 1 year
from date of shipment.
Keithley Instruments, Inc. warrants the following items for 90 days from the date of shipment: probes, cables, rechargeable
batteries, diskettes, and documentation.
During the warranty period, we will, at our option, either repair or replace any product that proves to be defective.
To exercise this warranty, write or call your local Keithley representative, or contact Keithley headquarters in Cleveland, Ohio.
You will be given prompt assistance and return instructions. Send the product, transportation prepaid, to the indicated service
facility. Repairs will be made and the product returned, transportation prepaid. Repaired or replaced products are warranted for
the balance of the original warranty period, or at least 90 days.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
This warranty does not apply to defects resulting from product modification without Keithley’s express written consent, or
misuse of any product or part. This warranty also does not apply to fuses, software, non-rechargeable batteries, damage from
battery leakage, or problems arising from normal wear or failure to follow instructions.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES.
NEITHER KEITHLEY INSTRUMENTS, INC. NOR ANY OF ITS EMPLOYEES SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF ITS
INSTRUMENTS AND SOFTWARE EVEN IF KEITHLEY INSTRUMENTS, INC., HAS BEEN ADVISED IN ADVANCE
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SUCH EXCLUDED DAMAGES SHALL INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO: COSTS OF REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION, LOSSES SUSTAINED AS THE RESULT OF INJURY TO ANY
PERSON, OR DAMAGE TO PROPERTY.
Keithley Instruments, Inc.
28775 Aurora Road • Cleveland, Ohio 44139 • 440-248-0400 • Fax: 440-248-6168
1-888-KEITHLEY (534-8453) • www.keithley.com
Sales Offices: BELGIUM:
CHINA:
FINLAND:
FRANCE:
GERMANY:
GREAT BRITAIN:
INDIA:
ITALY:
KOREA:
NETHERLANDS:
SWEDEN:
SWITZERLAND:
TAIWAN:
Bergensesteenweg 709 • B-1600 Sint-Pieters-Leeuw • 02-363 00 40 • Fax: 02/363 00 64
Yuan Chen Xin Building, Room 705 • 12 Yumin Road, Dewai, Madian • Beijing 100029 • 8610-6202-2886 • Fax: 8610-6202-2892
Tietäjäntie 2 • 02130 Espoo • Phone: 09-54 75 08 10 • Fax: 09-25 10 51 00
3, allée des Garays • 91127 Palaiseau Cédex • 01-64 53 20 20 • Fax: 01-60 11 77 26
Landsberger Strasse 65 • 82110 Germering • 089/84 93 07-40 • Fax: 089/84 93 07-34
Unit 2 Commerce Park, Brunel Road • Theale • Berkshire RG7 4AB • 0118 929 7500 • Fax: 0118 929 7519
Flat 2B, Willocrissa • 14, Rest House Crescent • Bangalore 560 001 • 91-80-509-1320/21 • Fax: 91-80-509-1322
Viale San Gimignano, 38 • 20146 Milano • 02-48 39 16 01 • Fax: 02-48 30 22 74
FL., URI Building • 2-14 Yangjae-Dong • Seocho-Gu, Seoul 137-130 • 82-2-574-7778 • Fax: 82-2-574-7838
Postbus 559 • 4200 AN Gorinchem • 0183-635333 • Fax: 0183-630821
c/o Regus Business Centre • Frosundaviks Allé 15, 4tr • 169 70 Solna • 08-509 04 679 • Fax: 08-655 26 10
Kriesbachstrasse 4 • 8600 Dübendorf • 01-821 94 44 • Fax: 01-820 30 81
1FL., 85 Po Ai Street • Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C. • 886-3-572-9077 • Fax: 886-3-572-9031
© Copyright 2001 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Printed in the U.S.A.
11/01
Safety Precautions
The following safety precautions should be observed before using
this product and any associated instrumentation. Although some instruments and accessories would normally be used with non-hazardous voltages, there are situations where hazardous conditions
may be present.
This product is intended for use by qualified personnel who recognize shock hazards and are familiar with the safety precautions required to avoid possible injury. Read and follow all installation,
operation, and maintenance information carefully before using the
product. Refer to the manual for complete product specifications.
If the product is used in a manner not specified, the protection provided by the product may be impaired.
The types of product users are:
Responsible body is the individual or group responsible for the use
and maintenance of equipment, for ensuring that the equipment is
operated within its specifications and operating limits, and for ensuring that operators are adequately trained.
Operators use the product for its intended function. They must be
trained in electrical safety procedures and proper use of the instrument. They must be protected from electric shock and contact with
hazardous live circuits.
Maintenance personnel perform routine procedures on the product
to keep it operating properly, for example, setting the line voltage
or replacing consumable materials. Maintenance procedures are described in the manual. The procedures explicitly state if the operator
may perform them. Otherwise, they should be performed only by
service personnel.
Service personnel are trained to work on live circuits, and perform
safe installations and repairs of products. Only properly trained service personnel may perform installation and service procedures.
Keithley products are designed for use with electrical signals that
are rated Installation Category I and Installation Category II, as described in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
Standard IEC 60664. Most measurement, control, and data I/O signals are Installation Category I and must not be directly connected
to mains voltage or to voltage sources with high transient over-voltages. Installation Category II connections require protection for
high transient over-voltages often associated with local AC mains
connections. Assume all measurement, control, and data I/O connections are for connection to Category I sources unless otherwise
marked or described in the Manual.
Exercise extreme caution when a shock hazard is present. Lethal
voltage may be present on cable connector jacks or test fixtures. The
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) states that a shock
hazard exists when voltage levels greater than 30V RMS, 42.4V
peak, or 60VDC are present. A good safety practice is to expect
that hazardous voltage is present in any unknown circuit before
measuring.
Operators of this product must be protected from electric shock at
all times. The responsible body must ensure that operators are prevented access and/or insulated from every connection point. In
some cases, connections must be exposed to potential human contact. Product operators in these circumstances must be trained to
protect themselves from the risk of electric shock. If the circuit is
capable of operating at or above 1000 volts, no conductive part of
the circuit may be exposed.
Do not connect switching cards directly to unlimited power circuits.
They are intended to be used with impedance limited sources.
NEVER connect switching cards directly to AC mains. When connecting sources to switching cards, install protective devices to limit fault current and voltage to the card.
Before operating an instrument, make sure the line cord is connected to a properly grounded power receptacle. Inspect the connecting
cables, test leads, and jumpers for possible wear, cracks, or breaks
before each use.
When installing equipment where access to the main power cord is
restricted, such as rack mounting, a separate main input power disconnect device must be provided, in close proximity to the equipment and within easy reach of the operator.
For maximum safety, do not touch the product, test cables, or any
other instruments while power is applied to the circuit under test.
ALWAYS remove power from the entire test system and discharge
any capacitors before: connecting or disconnecting cables or jumpers, installing or removing switching cards, or making internal
changes, such as installing or removing jumpers.
Do not touch any object that could provide a current path to the common side of the circuit under test or power line (earth) ground. Always
make measurements with dry hands while standing on a dry, insulated
surface capable of withstanding the voltage being measured.
The instrument and accessories must be used in accordance with its
specifications and operating instructions or the safety of the equipment may be impaired.
Do not exceed the maximum signal levels of the instruments and accessories, as defined in the specifications and operating information, and as shown on the instrument or test fixture panels, or
switching card.
When fuses are used in a product, replace with same type and rating
for continued protection against fire hazard.
Chassis connections must only be used as shield connections for
measuring circuits, NOT as safety earth ground connections.
If you are using a test fixture, keep the lid closed while power is applied to the device under test. Safe operation requires the use of a
lid interlock.
If a
screw is present, connect it to safety earth ground using the
wire recommended in the user documentation.
The ! symbol on an instrument indicates that the user should refer to the operating instructions located in the manual.
The
symbol on an instrument shows that it can source or measure 1000 volts or more, including the combined effect of normal
and common mode voltages. Use standard safety precautions to
avoid personal contact with these voltages.
The WARNING heading in a manual explains dangers that might
result in personal injury or death. Always read the associated information very carefully before performing the indicated procedure.
The CAUTION heading in a manual explains hazards that could
damage the instrument. Such damage may invalidate the warranty.
Instrumentation and accessories shall not be connected to humans.
Before performing any maintenance, disconnect the line cord and
all test cables.
To maintain protection from electric shock and fire, replacement
components in mains circuits, including the power transformer, test
leads, and input jacks, must be purchased from Keithley Instruments. Standard fuses, with applicable national safety approvals,
may be used if the rating and type are the same. Other components
that are not safety related may be purchased from other suppliers as
long as they are equivalent to the original component. (Note that selected parts should be purchased only through Keithley Instruments
to maintain accuracy and functionality of the product.) If you are
unsure about the applicability of a replacement component, call a
Keithley Instruments office for information.
To clean an instrument, use a damp cloth or mild, water based
cleaner. Clean the exterior of the instrument only. Do not apply
cleaner directly to the instrument or allow liquids to enter or spill
on the instrument. Products that consist of a circuit board with no
case or chassis (e.g., data acquisition board for installation into a
computer) should never require cleaning if handled according to instructions. If the board becomes contaminated and operation is affected, the board should be returned to the factory for proper
cleaning/servicing.
11/01
Model 610C, 610CR Solid-State Electrometers
Instruction Manual
Keithley Instruments, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.
Third Printing, December 2001
Document Number: 29113 Rev. C
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iv
SECTION 4. ACCESSORIES
4-1. GENERAL. The following Keithley accessories
can be used with the Model 610C to provide additional
convenience and versatility.
4-2. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. A separate instruction
manual is supplied with each accessory giving complete operating information.
Model 2503 Static Detector Probe
The Model 2503 is a specially designed detector used
to measure static charge on plane surfaces. The probe
must be used with an electrometer such as the 610C.
The Model 2503 is useful for measurements of charge
on flat surfaces. The Model 2503 is a solid coax
½ inch (13mm) diameter tube with a 3½ inch (89mm)
head, a 3½ inch (89mm) coupler, a 1 inch (25mm)
adapter, and two 90° angle adapters with a diameter
of at least ½ inch or 13mm. Recommended spacing is ¼
of an inch from the surface for 10,000:1 divider
ratio. The 2503 is calibrated such that a one volt
deflection on the electrometer corresponds to 10kV of
static charge.
Resistivity can be determined by measuring the
current through a sample with a known voltage
impressed. The measurement can be made most
conveniently when a set of electrodes are used that
can be calibrated in terms of surface or volume
resistivity. The Keithley Model 6105 resistivity
adapter has been designed for use with a Keithley
electrometer and an optional high voltage supply.
Mating cables are supplied as follows:
•
•
•
•
Model
Model
Model
Model
32418 UHF to MHV cable
4801 BNC to BNC cable
6147 BNC to Triax adapter
CS-115 UHF to BNC adapter
Model 8002A High Resistance Test Fixture
The Model 8002A high resistance test fixture has one
pair of 5-way binding posts (input) and a 3-lug
female triax receptacle (output).
The Model 8002A minimizes leakage current that can
become a significant portion of high resistance measurement.
Model 6101A Shielded Probe
Accessories:
The Model 6101A is a shielded cable with a needlepoint probe and 30 inches of low noise cable
terminated by a UHF connector.
•
•
•
•
•
Model 6103C Divider Probe
The Model 6103C is a shielded cable with a needlepoint probe and 30 inches of low noise cable
terminated by a UHF connector. The probe includes a
1000:1 voltage divider with a 3.8 × 1011Ω input
resistance. Accuracy is ±5% of reading.
Model 6105 Resistivity Chamber
The Model 6105 is a guarded test fixture for
measurement of surface and volume resistivity. The
chamber is designed in accordance with ASTM Standard
Method of Test for Electrical Resistance of
Insulating Materials, D257-66. The 6105 can be used
in conjunction with an electrometer and voltage
supply.
12
Model
Model
Model
Model
Model
7172 2-lug to 3-lug triaxial adapter
7078-TRX-3 three feet triaxial cable
8007-GND-3 safety ground wire
CS-662 mating plug
CA-18-1 dual banana cable
Model 19072 Input Cable
The Model 19072 is three feet (0.9m) of coaxial cable
(SC-9). The cable is terminated with a UHF connector
on one end and alligator clips on the other.
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MISCELLANEOUS PARTS (Cont’d)
Circuit
Desig.
Description
Mfg.
Code
Keithley
Part No.
Fig.
Ref.
J106
Printed Circuit Contacts (Mfg. No.
02-005-113-6-200)
91662
CS-199
--
L101
Choke (Mfg. No. 6302-E)
76493
CH-7
--
L102
Choke (Mfg. No. 6302-E)
76493
CH-7
--
M101
Meter
80164
ME-53
13
P101
Cord Set, 6 feet (Mfg. No. 4638-13)
(F) 3 to 2 wire adapter plug
93656
80164
CO-5
CO-4
2, 4
--
P106
Printed Circuit Contacts, Mate of J101 (Mfg. No.
02-005-111-5-200)
91662
CS-200
---
S101
Rotary Switch less components, MEDIUM ZERO
Rotary Switch with components, Medium Zero
Knob, Medium Zero Switch
80164
80164
80164
SW-209
22426B
KN-45
1, 3, 13
---
S102
Rotary Switch less components, COARSE ZERO
Rotary Switch with components, Coarse Zero
Knob, Coarse Zero Switch
80164
80164
80164
SW-166
22445B
KN-58
2, 3, 13
---
S103
Knob, ZERO CHECK
Shaft Assembly, Zero Check Button
80164
80164
KN-47
16988A
1, 3, 14
--
S104
Slide Switch, 117-234V
80164
SW-151
2, 4
S105
Slide Switch, FEEDBACK
80164
SW-45
1, 3, 14
S106
Rotary Switch less components, RANGE
Rotary Switch with components, Range
Knob, Range Switch
80164
80164
80164
SW-257
22425B
KN-51
1, 3, 13
---
S107
Rotary Switch less components, MULTIPLIER
Rotary Switch with components, Multiplier
Knob, Multiplier Switch
80164
80164
80164
SW-267
22429B
KN-48
1, 3, 13
---
S108
Slide Switch, 1MA - 3V
80164
SW-45
2, 4
S109
Rotary Switch less components, METER
Knob, Meter Switch
1MA CAL Control
Knob, 1MA CAL Control
80164
80164
71450
80164
SW-165
KN-46
RP34-20K
KN-58
1, 3, 14
-2, 4, 14
--
T101
Transformer
Top Cover Assembly (610C)
Feet, plastic, 4 required (610C)
Handle (610C)
Bottom Panel (610C)
Bottom Panel (610CR)
Top Panel (610CR)
Tilt Bail (610C)
80164
80164
80164
80164
80164
80164
80164
80164
TR-70A
17972B
FE-5
HH-18
21540C
22284C
22282C
15004B
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--21
_________________________
(F) Furnished accessory.
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Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All Keithley trademarks and trade names are the property of Keithley Instruments, Inc. All other
trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective companies.
Keithley Instruments, Inc.
28775 Aurora Road • Cleveland, Ohio 44139 • 440-248-0400 • Fax: 440-248-6168
1-888-KEITHLEY (534-8453) www.keithley.com
BELGIUM:
CHINA:
FRANCE:
GERMANY:
GREAT BRITAIN:
INDIA:
ITALY:
KOREA:
NETHERLANDS:
SWITZERLAND:
TAIWAN:
Bergensesteenweg 709 • B-1600 Sint-Pieters-Leeuw • 02/363 00 40 • Fax: 02/363 00 64
Yuan Chen Xin Building, Room 705 • 12 Yumin Road, Dewai, Madian • Beijing 100029 • 8610-6202-2886 • Fax: 8610-6202-2892
3, allée des Garays • 91127 Palaiseau Cédex • 01 64 53 20 20 • Fax: 01 60 11 77 26
Landsberger Strasse 65 • D-82110 Germering • 089/84 93 07-40 • Fax: 089/84 93 07-34
The Minster • 58 Portman Road • Reading, Berkshire RG30 1EA • 0118-9 57 56 66 • Fax: 0118-9 59 64 69
Flat 2B, WILLOCRISSA • 14, Rest House Crescent • Bangalore 560 001 • 91-80-509-1320/21 • Fax: 91-80-509-1322
Viale San Gimignano, 38 • 20146 Milano • 02-48 39 16 01 • Fax: 02-48 30 22 74
2FL., URI Building • 2-14 Yangjae-Dong • Seocho-Gu, Seoul 137-130 • 82-2-574-7778 • Fax: 82-2-574-7838
Postbus 559 • NL-4200 AN Gorinchem • 0183-635333 • Fax: 0183-630821
Kriesbachstrasse 4 • 8600 Dübendorf • 01-821 94 44 • Fax: 01-820 30 81
1FL., 85 Po Ai Street • Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C. • 886-3-572-9077• Fax: 886-3-572-9031
Keithley Instruments B.V.
Keithley Instruments China
Keithley Instruments Sarl
Keithley Instruments GmbH
Keithley Instruments Ltd.
Keithley Instruments GmbH
Keithley Instruments s.r.l.
Keithley Instruments Korea
Keithley Instruments B.V.
Keithley Instruments SA
Keithley Instruments Taiwan
© Copyright 2000 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Printed in the U.S.A.
No. 2193
2/2000
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