Apple Watch - Take Control Books

Apple Watch - Take Control Books
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Table of Contents
Read Me First ................................................................................................................. 3
Introduction .................................................................................................................... 4
Apple Watch Quick Start .............................................................................................. 5
What’s New in watchOS 3 ............................................................................................. 6
Understand the Apple Watch ...................................................................................... 8
Choosing an Apple Watch ......................................................................................... 11
Interact with the Apple Watch ................................................................................... 15
Personalize the Apple Watch Face ............................................................................ 18
Apps and the Apple Watch ........................................................................................ 22
The Dock ...................................................................................................................... 26
Control Center ............................................................................................................. 27
Notifications ................................................................................................................. 30
Communicate with Friends ........................................................................................ 34
Communicate Using Mail ........................................................................................... 42
Maps and Directions ................................................................................................... 45
Calendars and Reminders .......................................................................................... 51
View (and Capture) Photos ......................................................................................... 55
Stay Fit with the Apple Watch .................................................................................... 57
Control Media Remotely ............................................................................................ 63
Use Apple Pay and Wallet .......................................................................................... 68
Customizations and Important Settings ................................................................... 71
Care and Feeding of Your Apple Watch ................................................................... 77
About This Book .......................................................................................................... 82
About the Author ........................................................................................................ 83
About the Publisher .................................................................................................... 84
Copyright and Fine Print ............................................................................................ 85
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Read Me First
This ebook was published in December 2016 by TidBITS Publishing Inc. It was
originally written by Jeff Carlson, but Joe Kissell has stepped in to do the majority
of this version’s revisions due to Jeff’s busy schedule. It was edited by Scholle
McFarland, with help from Tonya Engst.
This book helps you with the Apple Watch, Apple’s newest digital device. It focuses
on what the Apple Watch is (and isn’t), how it interacts with other Apple devices, and
how you can incorporate the Apple Watch into your daily life.
Apple Watch: A Take Control Crash Course, version 1.3
Copyright © 2016, Jeff Carlson. All rights reserved.
Formats and Updates
What’s New in Version 1.3
• If you purchased this ebook, use the
link in Ebook Extras, near the end,
to download a new copy of the PDF,
EPUB, or Mobipocket version.
Version 1.3 of this book is a significant
update, which includes the following
new information:
• New Apple Watch models: Apple
has introduced Apple Watch Series 2
and Series 1 models with important
new features; flip ahead to Choosing
an Apple Watch for an overview.
Features specific to the Series 2
models also factor into many other
parts of the book.
• If you downloaded this ebook from
the Take Control Web site, it has
been added to your account. If you
bought it elsewhere, you can add it
to your account; see Ebook Extras.
Tip: You can read about putting Take
Control ebooks on various devices and
computers on our Device Advice page.
• watchOS 3: The latest upgrade to
the Apple Watch operating system
is a massive overhaul with a heavily
revised user interface, new apps, and
many new and updated features,
which are covered throughout the
book. See What’s New in watchOS 3
for an introduction to the new
About the Links
All blue text in this book is hot, meaning you can click (or tap) it, just like a
link on the Web. Some links, like the
“Device Advice” link just above, take
you to a Web page. Other links go to
a different part of the book.
• More icons: We’ve added more tiny
icons throughout the text, as well as
a Name That App sidebar that helps
you match Home screen icons to app
If you click a link that takes you to a different part of the book, you can return
quickly to your previous spot if your
ebook reader offers a “back” feature.
• Editorial adjustment: With the introduction of Apple Watch Series 2,
which has a built-in GPS and is suitable for swimming, the Apple Watch
has become a competent fitness
tracker. As a result, I’ve removed the
topic about other fitness trackers.
For example, if you use iBooks to read
the EPUB version of this book, click
the “Back to” link at the lower left. Or,
if you use Preview on the Mac to read
the PDF version, choose Go > Back or
press Command-[.
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Apple is hailed as a pinnacle of consumer electronics design, but it has also been
an unexpected driver of fashion. The iPod was notable for storing 1,000 songs in
a device the size of a deck of cards, but one of its lasting impacts was to introduce
white earbuds to nearly every public space. Wearing them now is so commonplace
that we don’t even think about it, yet a decade ago they were a fashion statement:
I own an Apple product.
Now, with the Apple Watch, the company is making another fashion statement: Your
personal technology can be more personal, and more distinctive. It’s not a sliver of
glass you pull out of your pocket or bag. It’s a timepiece, a communications center,
and a connection to your personal information that you wear all the time.
Maybe you currently wear a watch, or perhaps you haven’t worn one for years, if ever.
What’s the appeal of an Apple timepiece?
The Apple Watch is an extension of the data you deal with every day. Without making
the now-common-but-still-distracting motion of pulling out your iPhone, you can
keep up with notifications, your schedule, and reminders; interact with people via text
messaging or phone; reach out to other Apple Watch owners using the novel Digital
Touch features; track fitness goals and record vital exercise information generated by
the sensors in the watch and in your iPhone; purchase items using Apple Pay; and
much more. And you’ll look stylish while doing it.
This book is your essential guide to the Apple Watch and its capabilities and possibilities. I’ve worn my Apple Watch every day since it was first publicly available. It has
surprised, delighted, and, yes, occasionally perplexed me—it’s my job, after all, to
be confused and solve problems first, so I can guide you to the solutions. (If you’re
curious, I bought a 42mm aluminum Apple Watch Sport model with the white band;
I also separately purchased a black fluoroelastomer band—Apple’s high-tech synthetic
rubber—since it’s normally available only with the space gray-colored aluminum
This book was written to get you up to speed on the watch’s features, help you
choose which model to buy, and share practical knowledge based on my on-wrist/
hands-on experience. This version 1.3 update covers watchOS 3, a major revision to
the software that runs the Apple Watch that adds features such as the Dock and
Control Center, several new built-in apps, a more refined user interface, better fitness
tracking, and more. This book now covers the original first-generation Apple Watch
as well as Apple’s latest watch models, the Series 2 line (with faster processors, GPS
chips, and watertight enclosures) and the new Series 1 model (with faster processors,
but otherwise identical to the original Apple Watch).
I’m excited about Apple’s foray into wearable devices, and I hope you are, too.
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Apple Watch Quick Start
The Apple Watch offers numerous capabilities, none of which need to be tackled in
a specific order. Feel free to jump to any topic below, although I do recommend that
you start with the first chapters.
Discover the Apple Watch
Communicate with the World
• Read Understand the Apple Watch
to get an idea of how to think about
it and how it can become part of
your everyday life.
• Aside from checking the time, you’ll
probably interact the most with the
Apple Watch through Notifications;
learn how to view the most important ones and limit which of the others get through so that you’re not
• If you don’t yet own a watch, hit up
Choosing an Apple Watch for details
on materials, sizes, and bands.
• The watch introduces new ways of
interacting with an Apple device,
so be sure to read Interact with the
Apple Watch.
• In Communicate with Friends, discover how to send text and audio
messages, as well as Digital Touch
taps and drawings, and even place
and answer phone calls.
Make It Your Own
• File, delete, or reply to email messages in Communicate Using Mail.
• Start with what you’ll see the most
and Personalize the Apple Watch
Face with different themes and complications (additional elements that
display information on the face).
Find Your Way
The Apple Watch works with the iPhone
to help you get around using Maps and
Directions. It can also keep you on task
with Calendars and Reminders.
• Install and run apps from the iPhone
in Apps and the Apple Watch.
• Add frequently used apps to The
Dock and quickly access systemwide features using Control Center.
Use the Watch as a Remote
• Since the watch is always on your
wrist, it becomes a universal remote
that won’t get lost in the living room.
Read Control Media Remotely and
start controlling playback from your
Apple TV, iTunes on a computer,
and iPhone.
• To take a deeper dive into the setup
process, read Customizations and
Important Settings.
Take Care of Your Watch
Don’t neglect the Care and Feeding of
Your Apple Watch, which involves
everything from cleaning the case and
bands to resetting the watch to its factory defaults if necessary.
• The watch can control the camera
in your iPhone, and you can view
photos on the watch; see View (and
Capture) Photos.
Put Your Wallet Away
Push Yourself
Read Use Apple Pay and Wallet and
start buying goods and redeeming tickets with the press of a button.
In Stay Fit with the Apple Watch, learn
how to track daily activity and how to
use the watch with workouts.
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What’s New in watchOS 3
In September 2016, Apple released watchOS 3, a free update for all Apple Watch
models that makes numerous improvements and alterations. One of the most striking
changes is vastly improved performance.
Interface Improvements
• Control Center: The new Control
Center ①, which appears when you
swipe up from the bottom of the
screen, gives you quick access to
crucial system-wide settings and information.
• The Dock: Glances are gone. In their
place is the Dock, which can hold up
to ten favorite apps, which update in
the background. See The Dock.
• Watch faces: Apple has added new
Minnie Mouse ②, Numerals, and
Activity watch faces, as well as new
complications (and additional spots
for complications on existing faces).
In addition, it’s now easier to switch
faces. See Personalize the Apple
Watch Face.
① Control Center gives you quick access
to important information and controls.
Activity & Workouts
• Activity: You can now share your statistics with friends. In addition, activity rings and notifications can be configured to work for wheelchair users.
See Activity Sharing.
• Workout: The Workout app (see
Working the Workout) has several
significant changes:
‣ Automatic run pausing: You can opt to pause workouts automatically when you come to a stop.
② Minnie Mouse joins Mickey in the array
of watch faces available in watchOS 3.
‣ New workouts: Two wheelchair workouts are now available, and
the Series 2 watches have swimming workouts. ‣ Better workout display: Statistics such as pulse, calories burned,
and distance are now displayed
on a single screen by default.
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New Apps
• Breathe: The new Breathe app ③
reminds you to take periodic breaks
to breathe deeply, and guides you
through brief breathing exercises.
• Find My Friends: As on your iOS device or Mac, you can now see where
friends or family members are. See
Find Your Friends.
• Home: The Home App lets you control HomeKit-enabled devices from
your watch.
• Reminders: You can now browse all
your reminders, check off reminders
on any list from your watch, and use
Reminders complications to see todo items right on your watch face.
See Calendars and Reminders.
③ The Breathe app encourages you to take
deep breaths at regular intervals.
Other New Features
• Apple Pay: In addition to using
Apple Pay in person, you can now
use your watch to make online purchases with Safari on your Mac. See
Use Apple Pay on a Mac.
• Medical ID: Your watch can display
crucial medical information you’ve
entered on your iPhone, which could
be useful in an emergency if you’re
unable to provide it yourself. See
Using Emergency Features.
④ Press and hold the side button to see this
screen, with controls for power, Medical ID,
and SOS.
• Messages: You can now send a message by drawing individual letters on
the screen of your watch (the Scribble feature). You can also send a
sticker or handwritten message and
send a Digital Touch from a notification. See Communicate with Friends.
• SOS: Your watch now provides a
shortcut to call emergency services
and, at the same time, notify one or
more contacts of your location ④.
See Using Emergency Features.
• Unlock your Mac: You can unlock
your Mac with your Apple Watch,
eliminating the need to enter your
password. See Unlocking Your Mac.
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Understand the Apple Watch
It would be easy to assume that the Apple Watch is like an iPhone for your wrist, but
that’s not really the case. The watch expressly emphasizes short, focused interaction
with your information. For example, on the watch you can receive text messages and
can send quick replies, but lengthy correspondence is best shifted to the iPhone.
It’s important to understand this approach. We’re so accustomed to devices that
demand our focus that it’s slightly jarring at first when the Apple Watch shuns
attention. Don’t be surprised if it takes a few days to adopt this mindset after you
start using the watch, even knowing about it ahead of time.
The iPhone Connection
Although the device does feature a touchscreen, wireless communication, and a
microprocessor to run it all, the Apple Watch relies on a companion iPhone to be
truly useful ⑤. Specifically, you need an iPhone 5, 5c, 5s, 6, 6 Plus, 6s, 6s Plus, 7, or
7 Plus running iOS 9 or later.
⑤ The Apple Watch requires the assistance of an iPhone.
The core software functions of the
Apple Watch—such as the clock and
activity tracker—are dedicated apps that
live in the watch’s memory. However,
for many features, the watch relies on
wireless communication with an iPhone
via Bluetooth and Wi-Fi.
A companion app on the iPhone, unsurprisingly called Watch, is used to
configure the watch’s Home app icon
layout, enable fitness features, choose
how messages display, install watchOS
updates, and more, as I discuss
throughout this book.
The watch piggybacks on the iPhone’s
Internet connection. First-generation
and Series 1 watches also pull GPS positioning data from the iPhone. The Series 2 watch uses its own GPS chip if
your iPhone isn’t nearby, but relies on
the iPhone for GPS (taking advantage
of its bigger battery) if it’s with you. (If
you work out while wearing a GPS-less
watch and don’t have your iPhone with
you, your route won’t be recorded and
calorie counts may be inaccurate. See
Stay Fit with the Apple Watch.)
Note: The Apple Watch works only with
an iPhone, not an iPad or iPod touch.
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Charging the Apple Watch
Apple expects that the battery will last
for 18 hours of normal use, so watch
owners will charge the device once a
day. (Exercise drains the battery faster;
see The Heart of the Sensors. Using the
GPS without an iPhone is also quite
hard on the battery.) I usually end up
with about 50 percent power left at the
end of the day, so Apple’s estimate is
actually conservative.
If the power level falls to 10 percent,
the watch goes into Power Reserve
mode: everything is shut down except
for a basic digital readout of the time.
(You can also activate Power Reserve
mode manually; see Recharging.)
⑥ The charger attaches to the back of the
watch using magnets that position it correctly.
The included charger attaches magnetically to the back of the watch, while
the battery receives power via inductive
charging (so there’s no exposed plug
that’s difficult to locate in the dark) ⑥.
Note: The Watch can also pay for purchases made in the Safari running under
macOS Sierra in Web shopping carts
that support Apple Pay.
Apple Pay and Wallet
The Apple Watch has one additional
wireless technology besides Wi-Fi and
Bluetooth. An NFC (near-field communication) radio enables the watch (when
it’s paired to your iPhone) to use Apple
Pay with NFC-based payment readers.
Instead of swiping a debit or credit card
to buy groceries or other items, you
double-press the watch’s side button
and hold the watch near the reader.
Apple Pay uses an encrypted token to
transmit your payment info, so the interaction is as secure as it is convenient.
Your cards also appear in the Wallet
app on the watch, along with certain
loyalty cards or tickets that create
scannable bar codes. With Wallet, you
can pay for coffee at Starbucks, gain
admission to many movie theaters, and
even present a boarding pass at the
airport by scanning just your watch.
Speaking of data safety, you can set a
passcode, just like on the iPhone. In
fact, using Apple Pay requires a
Passcode; if you turn off the passcode,
your Apple Pay cards are removed and
need to be set up again. A passcode is
also a prerequisite to using your watch
to unlock a Mac; see Unlocking Your
When a passcode is set, the Apple
Watch notices when it has been
removed from your wrist, and locks
automatically. That prevents a thief
from using a stolen watch for Apple
Pay. Activation Lock renders a stolen
Apple Watch completely inoperable
without your Apple ID and password.
See Before the Watch Is Lost or Stolen.
For details, read Use Apple Pay and
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Choosing an Apple Watch
With most of Apple’s products, choosing which model to buy involves evaluating
specifications: Do you want a MacBook Pro with a 13-inch or 15-inch screen? How
much storage and memory will it have? How fast is the processor?
With the original Apple Watch, the main differentiators were the materials used for
the case and the display cover. That’s still true to some extent, but the Series 1 and
Series 2 models introduced in September 2016 are faster than the originals. Features
also vary between Series 1 and the four Series 2 models: the Apple Watch, the Apple
Watch Nike+, the Apple Watch Hermès, and the Apple Watch Edition ①. In addition,
you get to choose the size and band.
① From left to right: the Apple Watch Series 1, the Apple Watch Series 2, the Apple Watch Nike+
Series 2, the Apple Watch Hermès Series 2, and the white ceramic Apple Watch Edition Series 2.183
Current Models
Shopping for Originals
Apple introduced five new Watch models in September 2016:
If you’re looking for a bargain, consider
Apple’s first-generation Watch models,
still available (especially used or refurbished) online—see eBay, for example.
Introduced in 2015, all three models
shared the same internals:
Series 1
The Apple Watch Series 1 closely resembles the original Apple Watch
Sport, boasting the same aluminum
case and Ion-X glass display. (Ion-X is
stronger and more scratch-resistant
than normal glass, but not as protective
as the sapphire glass used in other
Watch models.) What’s different is its
speedier dual-core S1P processor. It’s
available in silver, gold, rose gold, and
space gray finishes and its prices start
at $100 less than Series 2 watches.
Series 2
Apple Watch Series 2 has a dual-core
S2 processor that includes, for the first
time, an onboard GPS chip. It’s also
water-resistant to 50 meters, making it
safe for swimming and surfing, and its
display is twice as bright as the original.
Apple Watch Sport: The original
Apple Watch Sport had an anodized
aluminum case and an Ion-X glass display. The Sport came in silver, gold,
rose gold, and space gray aluminum
Apple Watch: The singularly named
Apple Watch model had a stainless
steel case (available in regular steel or
a darker space black tint) and a tough
sapphire crystal surface.
Apple Watch Edition: The original
Apple Watch Edition featured an 18karat gold case in a yellow or rose hue
and a sapphire crystal cover. When
new, prices ranged from a hefty
$10,000 to $17,000. Now you can find
them used for a tiny fraction of that
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There are four Series 2 models:
• Apple Watch: The Apple Watch is
available in aluminum (with an Ion-X
glass crystal) or stainless steel (with
sapphire crystal). The aluminum
watches come in silver, gold, rose
gold, and space gray finishes; the
stainless steel watches come in regular steel and space black finishes.
• Apple Watch Nike+: Geared toward
runners, the Nike+ model ② features
a distinctive perforated band design
and exclusive watch faces. The Nike+
Run Club app is preloaded. It comes
in silver or space gray aluminum.
• Apple Watch Hermès: For fashionconscious people with lots of disposable income, the Hermès model ③
pairs the stainless steel case and sapphire crystal available in some Apple
Watch configurations with any of several Hermès leather bands.
② Costing the same as a standard Series 2
watch, the Nike+ model has a perforated band
and special faces optimized for running.
• Apple Watch Edition: In Series 2,
Apple changed the meaning of Edition: no longer does it mean gold
cases and astronomical prices. Instead, the new Apple Watch Edition
comes in a white ceramic case with a
sapphire crystal and a white sport
band, with prices under $1,300.
What’s Special about Ceramic?
Apple claims its pearly white ceramic is
more than four times harder than stainless steel and far more scratch-resistant,
yet much lighter in weight.
③ The Apple Watch Hermès gives you one of
several unique bands and an Hermès watch
face for a rather large premium.
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Interact with the Apple Watch
When Steve Jobs introduced the iPhone, he explained that the ideal tool to use it was
not a stylus or physical buttons, but our fingers. The responsiveness of the touchscreen made finger gestures—tapping, swiping, and pinching—the new language of
interaction with technology. But fingers are usually too big to do the same with a
watch ①, so Apple incorporated additional interaction methods.
① watchOS doesn’t use pinch-to-zoom because it would awkwardly obscure the Apple Watch face.
The Digital Crown
What’s Digital about the Crown?
Let’s start with the watch’s signature
controller, the knob on the side called
the Digital Crown. A crown is a staple of
mechanical watch design, used to set
the time and, on some models, to wind
the mechanism that keeps it running.241
What’s “digital” about the Digital
Crown? Instead of operating mechanical
gears inside the watch, the crown translates rotary movement into digital data
using internal infrared LEDs and photo
Turning the Crown
Turning the Digital Crown scrolls content on the screen, zooms in and out
on the Home screen and when you’re
viewing photos or maps ②, and switches between other visible options.
Pressing the Crown
Pressing the Digital Crown has various
effects, depending on the context:
② Turn the Digital Crown to zoom into a map.
• When the watch face is visible, a
single press of the Digital Crown
displays the Home screen.
• On the Home screen, or while viewing a notification or the Dock, pressing the crown returns to the watch
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• On the Home screen, you can rotate
the crown to zoom in to and launch
the centered app (which is the watch
face by default).
• Pressing and holding the crown for a
second initiates Siri’s voice-activated
• Double-pressing the crown switches
between the last app you used and
the watch face.
The Side Button
• Pressing the “side button” (Apple’s
name for the physical button next
to the Digital Crown) displays The
Dock ③, which you can use to see
and switch to your favorite apps.
③ With the Dock visible, swipe left or right to
see thumbnails of up to ten favorite apps; tap
an app to bring it full screen.
• Double-press it to Use Apple Pay in
Person or Use Apple Pay on a Mac.
Stay Awake Longer
Does the display go to sleep too quickly
for your taste? A setting governs how
long the screen is active when you tap it.
Interacting with the Screen
When you raise your wrist, the watch
detects the movement and activates
the screen. You can also tap the screen
to wake the watch.
In the Watch app on the iPhone, go to
Settings > General > Wake Screen. Or,
on the watch, press the Digital Crown
and then tap Settings
. Under the On
Tap header, choose Wake for 15 Seconds or Wake for 70 Seconds.
The watch’s Retina display is a touchscreen, so you can tap or drag as you
can with an iPhone. In fact, you can usually scroll with a finger instead of the
Digital Crown if that’s more convenient.
Swiping to Go Back
Some screens have a link in the top-left
corner to go back one level; sometimes
that tiny target is tough to hit ④.
You can also swipe all the way from an
edge to display special controls. Swipe
up from the bottom to display Control
Center; swipe down from the top to
display Notifications; and swipe left or
right from either edge to switch watch
faces (see Personalize the Apple Watch
Like newer iPhones and Apple’s newer
trackpads, the Apple Watch can tell the
difference between a normal tap and a
harder touch, called a force touch in the
case of the Watch: the screen registers
pressure sensitivity. In the Maps app,
for instance, a force touch brings up
options such as a search tool and list of
④ It’s often easier to swipe left to right to
go back one level instead of tapping the
text in the top-left corner.
Instead, swipe from left to right to go
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Personalize the Apple Watch Face
Since the Apple Watch is as much a fashion statement as it is a piece of technology,
personalizing it goes beyond merely choosing the case material and watch band. Its
Retina screen can display digital, analog, and a even few whimsical watch faces.
Pick a Watch Face
The Apple Watch offers several watch
faces, from a simulated traditional
chronograph to Mickey Mouse and his
tapping toes to an astronomical design
that lets you explore our solar system.
Force-touch the current watch face or
swipe from the left or right edge of the
screen to reveal other faces. Swipe to
highlight the one you want, and then
tap to select it. (If you use the forcetouch method, a Customize button appears below most faces ①.)
① Swipe left and right to reveal other faces.
Tip: You can set a photo or album as the
watch face, which I describe just ahead
in Use Your Own Photos.
Customize the Face
Some faces include elements (the proper term is complications). You can add
or remove these or use their options to
change colors, or pick layout styles:
1. Force-touch the face and then tap
the Customize button.
2. Tap an outlined item to select it
and use the Digital Crown to scroll
through the options ②. If any
third-party apps offer complications, they show up as you scroll.
② Choose a different set of information for
the middle group, outlined in green.
Some faces include multiple customizations; in the figure, for example, swiping left (notice the indicator
dots at the top of the screen; the left
dot is very light) highlights the entire
interface, and rotating the crown
changes the color of the interface.
Tip: You can also customize faces in the
iPhone Watch app. On the My Watch
screen, tap Edit in the “My Faces” section.
3. Force-touch the screen to return
to the face selector, and then tap
the face to make it active.
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Use Your Own Photos
Tip: If the Mickey Mouse or Minnie
Mouse face is active and silent mode is
off, tap the character to hear it speak the
time. (To disable this, press the Digital
Crown to reveal the Home screen, tap
> Sounds & Haptics and
then toggle Tap to Speak Time to Off.)
Any image in your iPhone’s Photos
library can be set as the watch face—
even multiple photos in an album that
display as a micro-slideshow. The watch
grabs the photos from the album you
sync to the watch via the Watch app’s
settings (see View (and Capture)
Tip: By default, photos in the Favorites
album on your iPhone copy to the
watch’s internal storage for viewing.
Since I don’t need all my favorite photos
for this task, I created an album in Photos on the iPhone and added a dozen or
so shots that would look good on the
To put your own photo or album on
the watch face:
1. Force-touch the face and then
swipe to the Photo face. Or, to
use the entire album, choose the
Photo Album face and skip to
Step 5.
③ Choose a photo from the album that’s
synced to the watch.
2. Tap the Customize button.
3. Turn the Digital Crown to zoom
out and view all the images in the
album ③. (If this step doesn’t work
for you, create a new Photo face;
see Save a Custom Face.)
4. Tap the photo you want to use.
You can optionally use the Digital
Crown to zoom, and drag to include only part of the image ④.
5. When you’re done, force-touch
to return to the gallery of watch
faces and then tap the face to
make it active.
④ To prevent the time from obscuring my
daughter’s face, I zoomed in and repositioned
the image.
When you wake the watch, the photo
appears as the backdrop—if the image
is a Live Photo taken using an iPhone
6s, 6s Plus, or later, it also moves. For
the Photo Album face, a new photo appears each time you wake the watch;
or, tap the screen to view the next one
right away.
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Apps and the Apple Watch
There’s a good reason “There’s an app for that” became a catch phrase. It reflects
the incredible variety of apps that sprang up after the iPhone first shipped. iOS
developers who create apps for the iPhone can create versions for the watch, too.
In fact, you may be surprised to find that many you already own now have a watch
component ①. watchOS 3, released in September 2016, makes all apps load much
faster than before—as much as seven times faster than in watchOS 2, according to
① This is just the beginning of apps on the Apple Watch.
Locate and Open Apps
In most cases, pressing the Digital
Crown displays the Home screen ②
(the exceptions are when you’re viewing notifications or are already on the
Home screen).
Slide your finger on the display in any
direction to view apps that are currently
outside the screen edges.
To open an app:
• Tap its icon on the Home screen.
(See Name That App.)
• Turn the Digital Crown away from
you to zoom in and open whichever
app is centered. (Turn the crown the
other direction to zoom out to reveal
all app icons.)
② The Home screen as it normally appears.
• Raise the watch and say “Hey Siri,
open app’s name.”
Turning off Animation
If you find the icon-resizing animation
distracting or disorienting, turn it off.
In the Watch app on the iPhone, go
to General > Accessibility > Reduce
Motion and turn the option On. All the
icons appear the same size ③.
③ The Home screen with Reduce Motion on.
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Customize the Home Screen
App icons are ordered from the center
outwards, with the watch icon always
anchoring the center spot. Arrange
them however you want, in two ways:
• Touch and hold any app until all the
icons are gently vibrating; that app
appears larger to indicate it’s selected. You can then move it to a new
location. To move another app,
touch and hold it until it’s selected.
Note that this doesn’t require a force
touch; simply touch the screen and
wait a second.
Press the crown when you’re done
④ The Layout screen in the iPhone’s Watch
app is an easier way to organize apps. (Here
I’m moving the Starbucks app.)
• In the Watch app on the iPhone,
choose App Layout. Touch and hold
an icon to select it, and then drag it
to a new position ④.
Install Apps
1. Open the Watch app on the
iPhone and scroll down past
Apple’s built-in apps, like Photos
and Weather. Any iPhone app
with a watch component appears
here ⑤. Those already installed
have the word “Installed” next to
their names.
2. Tap the name of the app you want
to install.
3. Toggle the Show App on Apple
Watch switch to on ⑥.
⑤ Each watch-compatible app appears in the
main screen in the Watch app on the iPhone.
The app appears on the watch’s Home
screen within seconds.
⑥ Install an app by turning this switch on.
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The Dock
The first two versions of watchOS included an interface element known as a glance,
which let you view snippets of information from selected apps without having to
launch them. Given the much faster app launch times in watchOS 3, Apple has
replaced glances with an app switcher called the Dock (which is intended to function
much like the Dock in iOS and macOS). It can hold up to ten of your favorite apps.
Press the side button to reveal the Dock ①. Swipe left or right (or turn the Digital
Crown) to switch among the Dock’s apps; the dots at the bottom indicate how many
apps there are and which one you’re viewing (the brightest dot). You can tap the
current app to open it, but merely seeing its thumbnail may often be sufficient.
① The Dock gives you quick access to up to ten apps, including thumbnails that show the apps’ most
recent states.
Every app in the Dock is stored in a suspended state in the watch’s memory, making
them even quicker to launch than other apps. As you scroll through the Dock you’ll
initially see thumbnails representing each app’s last state, but if you pause while
viewing a thumbnail, the app resumes in the background and the view updates to
show the app’s current state (even if you don’t tap it to launch the app).
Add and Organize Dock Apps
In the Watch app on the iPhone, tap
Dock and then tap Edit ②.
From the Dock screen:
• Remove an app: Tap that app’s
minus-sign button and then tap
• Add an app: In the Do Not Include
section, tap the app’s green plus
• Adjust app order: Drag the handle
icon to the right of an item up or
You can also add a recently used app
to the Dock by pressing your watch’s
side button, swiping toward the left,
and tapping Keep in Dock under the
app’s thumbnail. Remove an app from
the Dock by swiping upward on its
thumbnail and then tapping Remove.
② Add or remove Dock items from your watch
using the Watch app on your iPhone.
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Control Center
Just as the new Dock in watchOS 3 echoes the Dock in iOS and macOS, the new
Control Center in watchOS 3 ① is similar to iOS’s Control Center—in both cases, you
swipe upward from the bottom of the screen to reveal an overlay that provides
shortcuts to information and controls you may need on a regular basis.
① The icons that appear in Control Center (arranged horizontally here, rather than in rows of two)
give you access to frequently used controls and information.
Control Center icons range from the merely informational (your battery level) to
highly functional (icons for toggling on and off Airplane Mode, Mute, Do Not Disturb,
and so on). Icons that represent a state you can toggle change color when you tap
them to turn them on.
Connection Info
The Watch-iPhone Connection
The top of Control Center displays info
about the watch’s connection status:
Your Apple Watch preferentially connects to your iPhone with Bluetooth,
because Bluetooth is a low-power option. If Bluetooth is off or your phone is
out of range, the connection is made
over a “trusted” Wi-Fi network—that is, a
network that your iPhone has connected
to before while also connected to your
watch with Bluetooth, and that doesn’t
require a separate login. See Apple’s
article, About Bluetooth and Wi-Fi on
Apple Watch, for details.
• “Disconnected” with a red phone
icon means the watch is disconnected from both your iPhone and a
trusted Wi-Fi network ②.
• “Connected” with a green cloud
icon indicates that the watch is connected to a trusted Wi-Fi network,
but not to your phone. This might
happen, for example, if you are at
home and your iPhone, but not your
watch, is in Airplane Mode.
• “Connected” with a green phone
icon appears when your watch is
connected to your iPhone.463
Battery Level
The top left icon in Control Center
shows your watch’s current battery
② The Control Center shows connection status
above a set of icons. The icons are (left to right)
Battery Level, Airplane Mode, Silent Mode, Do
Not Disturb, Ping iPhone, and Water Lock (Airplane Mode, Silent Mode, and Do Not Disturb
are active here).
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Airplane Mode
Turning off Airplane Mode
When seat backs are up, tray tables are
locked, and the plane is preparing to
take flight, turn on Airplane mode.
Unlike Do Not Disturb, when you deactivate Airplane Mode on one device, it
doesn’t do the same on the other—because the Bluetooth radios aren’t on.
By default, Airplane Mode is not
mirrored on the iPhone, so switching
to it on the watch automatically doesn’t
affect the iPhone or vice versa.
Disengage Airplane Mode separately on
each device by swiping up to use Control Center on the watch and on your
iPhone and tapping the Airplane Mode
If you’d prefer to turn on Airplane
Mode on both devices when you enable it on either one, open the Watch
app on the iPhone, tap General, tap
Airplane Mode, and then turn on the
Mirror iPhone option.478
Silent Mode
Tap the bell icon to mute sounds from
your watch. This setting doesn’t affect
taptic feedback, only audio. (You can
also engage Silent Mode by pressing
the Digital Crown to go to the Home
Screen, tapping Settings
> Sounds
& Haptics, and then turning Silent
Mode on.)
Do Not Disturb
Do Not Disturb prevents notifications
and calls from appearing on the iPhone
and Apple Watch. Swipe up at the
watch face and tap the Do Not Disturb
(crescent moon)
③ Set up an automatic Do Not Disturb schedule in the Settings app on your iPhone.
The setting by default mirrors Do Not
Disturb on the iPhone; activating it on
the watch does so on the phone, and
vice versa.
Take advantage of the fact that on the
iPhone, you can set times (such as the
middle of the night) when Do Not Disturb comes on automatically. In your
iPhone’s Settings app, tap Do Not Disturb, toggle on Scheduled, and then
set up times ③.
④ With this switch turned on, your watch will
mirror the Do Not Disturb settings on your
If you’d prefer that your watch’s Do Not
Disturb settings act independently, in
the Watch app on your iPhone, go to
General > Do Not Disturb, and toggle
off the Mirror iPhone setting ④.
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Communicate with Friends
A phone is a communication device; that’s easy to understand. The iPhone broadened our understanding of what a phone can do by enabling us to send text messages, take part in video calls and conferences, and participate in social networks like
Twitter and Facebook. So how does the Apple Watch fit in? Surprisingly, the Apple
Watch is almost as communicative as the iPhone, incorporating text and audio
messages via the Messages app and even making and receiving phone calls. It also
adds something new: Digital Touch. You can even use your watch to find your friends.
Reply to Messages
When someone sends a text to your
iPhone, you’re initially notified by the
Taptic Engine on your watch. To reply
to the message, do the following:
1. Raise the watch to display the
sender and the message ①.
2. Tap an icon or text label to send a
reply in any of numerous formats,
including preset text, dictated
text, audio recordings, emoji,
handwritten messages or stickers,
a scribble (handwriting recognition), and more. All these reply
types are described ahead.
① This incoming text message includes a
question with two options.
Reply via Preset Text
Apple has developed an interesting
feature called smart replies that analyzes the message and presents you
with likely preset replies based on the
original message ②.
Scroll down to choose from moregeneric preset replies, such as “Sure!”
“What’s up?” or “In a meeting. Call you
Later?” Tap one to send it.
To create your own preset replies,
open the Watch app on the iPhone and
go to Messages > Default Replies, tap
Add Reply, and enter your own text
(including emoji). Tap Messages to
return to the previous screen.
② Scroll to see contextual responses based
on the message.
Tip: You can also tap Edit to delete existing replies or rearrange the default
replies so that the ones you use most
appear at the top of the list.
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Reply with a Scribble
In watchOS 3, Apple added a feature
called Scribble, which is a form of handwriting recognition. To scribble a reply,
tap the Scribble button and then use
your fingertip to draw each character
on the screen ③. Tap Space for a space
character, or tap the delete icon to
erase the last letter.
While drawing a word, you can turn the
Digital Crown to show autocomplete
suggestions ④ for the current word.
After a moment, the selected word is
entered automatically.
③ Draw characters with the Scribble feature.
Tap Send to send the message.
Tip: You don’t have to wait for your
watch to recognize each character.
Keep drawing one after the other, even
if they appear to overlap.
Reply with Emoji, Handwritten
Text, or a Sticker
1. Tap the Emoji
button below the message text.
2. Swipe sideways to choose a reply
type. From left to right, the
screens contain:
④ Use the Digital Crown to show
autocomplete options.
‣ Preinstalled handwritten phrases,
any drawings you’ve sent using
your iPhone, and any stickers
you’ve added to your iPhone
‣ Standard small emoji
‣ Large animated faces ⑤
‣ Large animated hearts
‣ Large animated hand gestures
Tip: Turn the Digital Crown to vary the
appearance of any large animated object. For example, you can make the
hand gesture change from crossed fingers to a fist bump. 3. Tap Send.
⑤ Change the emoji’s expression by turning
the Digital Crown.
The graphical reply is sent.
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Communicate Using Mail
Email on the Apple Watch is a curious thing—you’re actually discouraged from
engaging too deeply with your mail (but that’s not a bad thing). The Apple Watch
ties into the Mail app on the iPhone primarily to help you read and sort your Inbox, as
well as dash off quick replies. You still need to write new messages on the iPhone.
Reading Email
1. Open the Mail app
Home screen. from the Your Inbox(es) and a couple of messages are displayed. Even in a small
space, the app delivers quite a bit of information:
① The star and paperclip (circled here) let
you know that the message is from a VIP
and carrying an attachment. The blue dot next
to the sender’s name indicates that the message is unread.
‣ A blue dot indicates a message is
unread, while an orange dot notes
a flagged message; you may also
have an unread flagged message,
which appears as blue dot with an
orange outline. ‣ Icons in the lower-right corner
note if it’s from a VIP, contains
attachments (which in most cases
can’t be displayed on the watch),
or has been forwarded or replied to ①.
‣ A double angle-bracket character
(») in the top-right corner of a
message tells you it’s part of a
2. Tap a message to read it.
3. With the message open, forcetouch the screen to reveal additional options: reply, flag the message, mark it as unread, or send
it to the trash.
② Take action from the message list.
Note: Oddly, if you ask Siri to check
whether you have any unread email—
as you would using the feature on the
iPhone—it offers only to use Handoff
to check on the phone. However, Siri
works fine for simply opening the Mail
app on the watch.
You can also act on a message in
the Inbox view by swiping left and tapping either the Trash or the More
button ②. (Depending how your
email is set up, Trash may be replaced with an Archive button.)
Tapping the More button brings up
the Flag and Mark as Read (or Mark
as Unread if a message has already
been read) buttons.
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Replying to a Message
1. In a message, scroll to the end
and tap the Reply button ③. Or,
force-press the screen and tap
the Reply button that appears.
2. If the message has multiple recipients, tap Reply or Reply All.
3. Select a response from those
listed, or tap the Emoji button, the
Dictation button, or the Scribble
button and compose your response ④, just as in Messages.
(You can customize these responses; see Personalizing Mail
Browsing, ahead.)
③ Find the Reply button at the bottom
of an email message.
4. Review the reply and tap Send.
To reply on your iPhone to a message
that you’re viewing on your watch,
switch to your iPhone and swipe up on
the Mail Handoff icon that appears on
the Lock screen.
Writing Email
You’ll need to compose new messages
on the iPhone. However, you can still
get started without touching the
screen: Say, “Hey, Siri, send an email
to name of recipient.” The watch says
it can’t do it, but when you tap the Continue on iPhone button that appears,
Siri is activated on the phone so you
can dictate the message.
④ Tap one of these buttons (or scroll down to
preset options like “Let me get back to you”) to
choose how you’ll reply.
Personalizing Mail Browsing
Note: The Alerts, Flag Style, Ask Before
Deleting, and Organize By Thread settings described ahead aren’t shown if
Mirror my iPhone is turned on.
In the iPhone Watch app, go to Mail,
and optionally adjust the following:
• Mirror my iPhone: The default is to
use the same settings as on your
iPhone where applicable. Tap Custom to configure your watch with different settings than your iPhone.
• Alerts: You can turn alerts on or off;
and, if on, enable or disable them for
each email account on your iPhone,
and for VIPs. For accounts with alerts
enabled, you can also turn Sound
and Haptic feedback on or off.
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Maps and Directions
Instead of staring at your phone while you follow directions in the Maps app (which
I can’t recommend, from a safety perspective), the Apple Watch lets you look at your
wrist. Is that really better? Perhaps not, but thanks to taptic feedback, you don’t need
to look at a screen at all.
In the Maps app
, drag with one finger to pan across the map, and turn the Digital
Crown to zoom ①. You can also double-tap the map to zoom in to the spot you
tapped. To find yourself on the map, tap the Tracking
button (which appears in the
lower-left corner if your position is not centered) to focus the map on your location.
① Turn the Digital Crown to zoom in on a map (left to right, above).
Find a Location Using Siri
1. Raise the watch and say, “Hey
Siri,” or press and hold the Digital
Crown and ask to find a location: a
specific landmark or business, one
of your contacts, or a query like,
“Where’s good coffee near here?”
2. From the results ②, tap a location
to view more details.
3. Scroll down to view the spot and
its address on a map, and then tap
the map to open the Maps app.
② Siri returns a list of answers to your query.
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Find a Location Using the
Maps App
Using the search feature of the Maps
app gives you access to favorite and
recent locations, in addition to searching via dictation:
1. While viewing a map full-screen in
the Maps app, force-touch the
map and tap Search ③.
2. In the screen that appears ④, tap
the Dictation button to speak a
query, just as if you’d invoked Siri
in the first place and then tap
Done. Or, tap the Favorites button
to jump to destinations you’ve
saved. (See Add Items to the Favorites List, just ahead.)
③ Force-touch a map to bring up the search
Tap Nearby to see a list of categories
(such as Food, Drinks, Shopping,
and Services). Tap a category to see
subcategories (such as Popular,
Restaurants, Groceries, and Fast
Food in the Food category); then tap
one of these to see nearby
businesses of that type.
You can also scroll to view the
Recents list, which stores not just
addresses but prior directions, too.
3. Whichever method you use, tap
the resulting destination to view it
on the map.
④ Browse favorites and recent locations.
To find a person or business in your list
of contacts:
Maps in Tandem
To see a wider view of a map, use Handoff to transfer a location to your iPhone.
With the iPhone asleep, press the Home
button or Sleep/Wake button, and then
swipe up on the Maps icon that appears
in the lower left of the Lock screen.
1. Force-touch the map screen and
tap the Contacts button.
Turning the Digital Crown faster enables you to scroll between letters
of the alphabet instead of by single
contacts, for when you want to reach
your friends Wanda Wilkerson and
Yolanda Zimmer.
2. Scroll through the list until you
find the person or business and
then tap the desired entry.
3. Tap the address to view it on the
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Calendars and Reminders
From the Newton and PalmPilot to the iPhone, iPad, and now the Apple Watch,
personal technology products have taken on the challenge of wrangling our schedules. For this task, the Apple Watch has an advantage. After all, what better place to
be reminded of an event than on the object you use to check the time? ①.
① Pretend I’m a big-shot executive and not a freelance writer lounging in a hammock. Or, pretend I’m
a big-shot executive and I’ve just given us all the day off. Enjoy!
Now, watchOS 3 finally adds a Reminders app to the watch, which lets you browse all
your Reminders lists and mark completed items. You can also receive alerts from the
Reminders app and create new reminders on the watch using Siri.
Opening the Calendar App
• Press the Digital Crown to go to the
Home screen and then tap the Calendar
• Ask Siri to open the Calendar app:
“Hey Siri, open Calendar app.”
• Several watch faces include a
calendar complication that displays
the next event on your schedule ②.
Tapping the complication—or just
the date on some faces—opens the
Calendar app.
② Tap the Calendar complication (in the
center) to jump to the Calendar app.
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Views in the Calendar App
• List view: Calendar’s default view
is List view. Scroll using the Digital
Crown or via touch to reveal events
up to 7 days in the future. (For more
than that, or to check events in the
past, open the Calendar app on the
• Day view: Day view ③ is an alternative to the scrolling List view that
shows today’s schedule in a single
scrolling screen, color-coded according to the calendars you use on
the iPhone. To get to it, force-touch
the main List view screen in the Calendar app and tap the Day button.
Switch between days by swiping left
or right.
③ Events are listed in the Calendar app.
• Monthly grid: Tap the date at the
top-left corner (such as < Today).
This grid is just a view of the dates—
tapping it goes back to Today, not
a specific date you tap.
Tap an event in either Day or List view
to see more details about it. You can’t
edit it, but you can read any notes and
other information.
Tip: If an event includes a location,
force-touch the screen and tap the
Directions button to be guided there.
④ Siri is looking ahead to the weekend, too.
Using Siri with Calendar
Raise the watch and say, “Hey Siri,” or
press and hold the Digital Crown, and
ask something like, “What’s my schedule this weekend?” Siri returns a list of
items ④; tapping one opens the event
in the Calendar app.
Feel free to try specific requests ⑤; the
worst-case scenario is that Siri can’t answer or offers to hand off the query to
the iPhone.
⑤ Ask Siri questions as if you were talking
to a personal assistant in real life.
Tip: To choose which calendars appear
on the watch, turn them on or off in the
Calendar app on the iPhone.
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View (and Capture) Photos
Even though the Apple Watch’s screen is small, it still has a high enough resolution
to show photos. Any photo you mark as a favorite in the Photos app on your iPhone
(or, if you use iCloud Photo Library, any Mac or iOS device using the same account)
appears automatically on the watch.
The Apple Watch can also take photos—sort of. The Camera Remote app on the
watch controls the Camera app in the iPhone, making the watch a remote shutter
release. It’s great for taking a group shot that you’re in, without running to beat the
timer or holding the iPhone at arm’s length.
View Photos
Press the Digital Crown to go to the
Home screen and then tap the Photos
app. Turn the Digital Crown to zoom
in and out of your photos, and swipe to
pan across them. Or, tap a thumbnail to
enlarge ① it incrementally.
When a single photo is being viewed,
the image fills the watch’s screen; double-tap it to see the entire image with
borders ②.
Choose Which Photos
① Zoom in on your photos by rotating the
Digital Crown or tapping an image.
Normally, your Favorites album is
copied to the watch, but you can pick
a different one, including the automatic
albums created by the Photos app,
such as All Photos or Recently Added:
1. In the Watch app on the iPhone,
go to Photos.
2. Tap Synced Album.
3. Choose an album from the list,
and then return to the previous
4. Tap Photos Limit.
5. Choose how many photos to
② Double-tap a photo to view it uncropped.
The watch stores the photos in its builtin memory—up to 500 photos, occupying 75 MB of storage (of the watch’s
8 GB in total). If the selected album has
too many, only the most recent photos
are kept on the watch.
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Control the iPhone Camera
with Your Watch
To take a photo from the Apple Watch,
do the following:
1. On the Apple Watch, open the
app, which automatically opens the Camera app on
the iPhone (even if the phone is
locked). The watch app displays
what the iPhone’s camera sees ③.
Tip: The watch’s Camera app supports
only the Photo and Square modes of the
iPhone’s Camera app, so it can’t start or
stop video recording. Choose the mode
on the iPhone, not the watch.
2. Tap the preview area to set focus
and sample an area for exposure.
3. To take a single photo right away,
tap the Shutter
Or, to take a 10-shot burst with a 3second delay, tap the Timer
③ Great for photographing wildlife: The
watch’s Camera app (top) uses the iPhone’s
Camera app (bottom) as its viewfinder. (Images
hilariously not to scale.)
4. Tap the thumbnail in the lower-left
corner to review the shot.
The photos are stored in the iPhone’s
Photos app (and, if you use iCloud Photo Library, copied to the cloud and to
your other devices as well).
Third-party Remote Capture
Photo apps are jumping into the
remote-capture action. Creaceed’s
Hydra, for example, uses a watch app
to remotely trigger HDR, low-light, and even video HDR captures without
requiring you to touch the iPhone.
On the iPhone, the Photos app looks at
burst groups and chooses what it thinks
is the best shot, but you can review the
entire set and pick some keepers: Tap
the Select button, tap the frames you
want to keep, and then tap Done.
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Stay Fit with the Apple Watch
The Apple Watch is as much a fitness companion as it is a timepiece or communication device ①. Sensors in the watch measure movement and track your heart rate,
while the GPS chip in Series 2 (or paired iPhone for other models) provides location
and acceleration data. Included apps use this data to help you be more active.
While the Activity app is a quiet reminder to stay active, the Workout app is the
personal trainer pushing you to the next goal. Workout offers several common
exercises (like walking, running, swimming, and cycling), as well as new-in-watchOS-3
wheelchair workouts, and tracks your performance while you exercise. The Breathe
app introduced in watchOS 3 reminds you to take deep-breathing breaks.
① Take the Apple Watch on your workouts to record your activity.
Activity Tracking
Open the Activity
app (from the
Home screen or the Activity complication on some watch faces) to view your
daily activity progress ②.
Three rings represent the day’s activity
so far. Rings close as you meet goals:
• Calories: The red outside Move ring
tracks calories burned during activity
(computed based on your age,
weight, sex, and activity amount).
• Activity: A full circle of the green
Exercise ring in the middle indicates
30 minutes of “brisk” activity.
• Standing: The blue inner Stand ring
keeps count of how often you’ve
stood up from a sitting position and
moved around; the goal is to be in
motion for at least 1 minute an hour
out of 12 hours in a day.
② Try to fill all the activity rings during the day.
Note: Stand? Yes, it turns out that all
the sitting many modern worker bees
do is actually not healthy, even for those
who exercise regularly.
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In the app, scroll down for details, such
as a breakdown of when you burned
calories, were active, and stood during
the day ③.
There are two ways to adjust the red
ring’s calorie target:
• Force-touch and tap the Change
Move Goal button. Then, use the
crown or tap the + or — button to set
a new calorie goal. Tap Update.
• Wait until the watch provides its
Monday weekly progress report,
which suggests a new goal and gives
you the option to adjust it.
③ View details about each activity ring.
The Activity app on the iPhone provides the same breakdowns as the app
on the watch, and it allows you to go
back and compare previous days. Tap
the month at the top of the screen to
view a calendar of activity rings ④.
It also includes the Achievements
screen, a museum of awards you pick
up for doing a great job of being active.
④ View your activity history using the Activity
app on the iPhone. A green dot in the corner
means all rings were filled on that day.
Tip: When the watch reminds you to
stand at the hour’s 50-minute mark, tap
Mute for Today if you don’t want to be
pestered until tomorrow.983
Activity Nagging
In the Watch app on the iPhone, go to
Activity and adjust any of these notifications if you’re feeling pressured:
Viewing Heart-rate Data
The watch uses its heart-rate sensor to
help determine when you’re being active, but where can you see the data?
1. Open the Health app on the
iPhone, and tap Health Data at the
bottom of the screen.
2. Tap Vitals > Heart Rate.
3. Tap, Day, Week, Month, or Year at
the top of the screen to view data
from each of those timeframes.
Or, tap Show All Data to access
every instance when the sensor collected data.
Mute Reminders for Today: Pause all
activity alerts for the rest of the day.
Stand Reminders: “Time to Stand!”
will no longer grace your watch.
Progress Updates: Receive an overview of your activity so far every 2,
4, 6, or 8 hours, or choose None.
Goal Completions: A notification tells
you when you closed an activity ring.
Achievements: When you reach a
milestone, a notification tells you.
Achievements can be viewed in the
Activity app on the iPhone.
Weekly Summary: A look back at the
week’s activity arrives on Monday.
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Control Media Remotely
Because the Apple Watch is always with you, you can stray farther from your other
devices. As long as the iPhone is within Bluetooth range, it can stay on a table or in
a bag. The same is true for devices on your network: have you ever wanted to pause
your Apple TV but couldn’t find the remote ①, or turn down iTunes from across the
room? The watch running the Remote app won’t get lost in the couch cushions.
① Control an Apple TV from your wrist using the Remote app.
To control audio playback on the iPhone, you can use the watch’s Music app. I use
it when I’m listening through earbuds and my phone is in my pocket, or when the
phone is connected to speakers. But, I can also leave my iPhone behind, Sync a
Playlist to the Watch, and then play that audio via a Bluetooth headset.
Pair the Remote App
To control iTunes or an Apple TV, you
must first set up pairing:
1. Open the Remote
Apple Watch.
app on the
② Pair the Apple Watch in iTunes. If you see an
iOS device icon here, click it to open a popover
and select your watch.
2. On the main Remote screen, tap
the Add Device button, which
brings up a 4-digit code.
Removing a Paired Device
On the main Remote screen in the Remote app, force-touch and tap the Edit
button, then tap the X button for that
device. Tap Remove. If you have multiple devices, tap the checkmark at the
top-right corner to finish.
3. In iTunes, click the Apple Watch
remote icon that appears ②.
On the Apple TV, in Settings >
General > Remotes, select the watch
name. (4th-generation Apple TV: go
to Settings > Remotes and Devices).
4. Enter the code to pair the devices.
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Control iTunes on a
Home Sharing Avoids Pairing
Apple’s Home Sharing feature, which
makes media devices on the same network identify themselves to each other
using a single Apple ID, bypasses the
pairing required to make the Remote
app work.
In the Remote app on the watch,
choose a computer running iTunes;
the currently playing song—or video—
Here’s how to turn on Home Sharing:
Note: The watch can’t select media from
your iTunes library. In other words, first
you have to pick the playlist or album
you want to hear on your actual
computer or on your iPhone in the
Remote app.
In iTunes, choose File > Home
Sharing > Turn On Home Sharing.
On the Apple TV, go to Settings >
Computers > Turn On Home Sharing.
When Home Sharing is on, all the media
sources simply appear in the Remote
The playback controls should be
familiar ③:
• Play/Pause: Start or stop playback.
• Change tracks: Tap the Previous or
Next button.
• Adjust the volume: Turn the Digital
Crown or tap the minus or plus button.
• AirPlay: Force-touch the playback
screen, tap the AirPlay
and choose a destination. This
feature isn’t obvious, I’ll admit, but
it’s handy when you want to send the
audio to AirPlay-capable speakers or
an Apple TV.
• Go back to the Remote screen: Tap
the menu
③ Control music playback from the watch.
Control an Apple TV
In the Remote app’s Remote screen,
choose your paired Apple TV and then
do any of the following ④:
• Move the highlight: Swipe in the
desired direction.
• Select the highlighted option: Tap
the screen.
• Go up one level: Tap Menu.
• Go to the Apple TV’s Home screen:
Touch and hold Menu.
• Start/Stop: Tap the Play/Pause
④ The Apple TV control interface is almost
as minimal as the physical remote control.
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Use Apple Pay and Wallet
The first time you use your Apple Watch to pay for something feels almost like
science fiction: You activate Apple Pay, move your wrist close to a payment terminal,
and then…well, that’s it. You’re done. “Frictionless” is a perfect description. It’s also
extremely safe. Instead of handing a credit card number over to be stored in a
merchant’s database, Apple Pay sends a token that matches up with the card you set
up; even if the data were to be intercepted, it’s useless to an attacker.
The Wallet app, where your credit card data is stored, is also a convenient holding
area for items that use barcodes for transactions, such as store loyalty cards and
tickets for flights, movies, baseball games, and more.
Set Up Cards for Apple Pay
Even if you’ve set up Apple Pay on your
iPhone, you must add your cards (up to
eight) separately to the watch:
1. In the Watch app on the iPhone,
tap Wallet & Apple Pay.
To add a card already on your
phone, tap the Add button next to
its name, follow the prompts, and skip the remaining steps.
2. To add a new card, tap Add Credit or Debit Card.
3. Follow the instructions provided,
which entail scanning your credit
or debit card using the iPhone’s
camera—which is incredibly slick—
or entering the details manually,
and accepting terms of service.
You will also need to complete the
verification process, which can be
done via email, phone call, or text,
depending on the provider.
4. To use your watch to Use Apple
Pay on a Mac, turn on Allow Payments on Mac.
When you’re done, the cards appear in
the Watch app and on the watch: open
app to view them ①.
the Wallet
If you have multiple cards, tap Default
Card in the Watch app on your iPhone
and pick the one you want to use most.
① Apple Pay cards set up in the Watch app on
the iPhone (top) appear in the Wallet app on
the watch (bottom).
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Use Apple Pay in Person
1. Double-press the watch’s side
button to activate Apple Pay.
2. If you’ve set up multiple cards,
swipe left or right to choose the
one you want to use ②.
3. Hold the watch screen a few
centimeters from the payment
A taptic pulse and a tone indicate
when the transaction occurs.
The display reads Done when finished.
② You’re only a couple of seconds from being
done at this point.
Use Apple Pay on a Mac
Before you can complete a purchase
from your wrist, your setup must meet
these requirements:
Note: Using Apple Pay requires that you
set a passcode for the Apple Watch. If
you later turn off the passcode, your
Apple Pay cards are removed.
• The Mac is new enough to meet the
Apple Pay Requirements.
• Bluetooth is enabled.
Note: If your watch ever is lost or stolen,
sign in to iCloud, click Settings, click the
watch under My Devices, and then click
Remove All under Apple Pay.
• The Mac is signed in to the same
iCloud account as your iPhone.
• You’ve turned on the Allow Payments on Mac switch in the Wallet
app on your iPhone.
Apple Pay Requirements
• In Safari on the Mac, choose Safari >
Preferences > Privacy and confirm
that the checkbox “Allow websites to
check if Apple Pay is set up” is selected (it is by default).
Here’s what works:
To check out:
1. Click the  Pay or Buy with Apple
Pay button.
2. Confirm your billing, shipping,
and contact details and make any
necessary changes. If you want to
use a card other than the default,
icon and
click the arrow
choose the desired card from the
pop-up menu.
To use Apple Pay on a Mac, you must
have a model from 2012 or later, except for the Mac Pro, which must be
at least a Late 2013 model.
To use Apple Pay on an iPhone, you
must have an iPhone 6, 6 Plus, 6s, 6s
Plus, SE, 7, 7 Plus, or newer.
To use Apple Pay on the Apple
Watch, you must have a watch paired
with an iPhone 5 or later.
3. Double-press the side button on
your watch.
The display reads Done when finished.
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Customizations and Important Settings
When it comes to the Apple Watch, details matter. Some details are large and
important, like your watch’s orientation or passcode. Other details are small but make
a big impact on your daily experience, like the size and appearance of text. This
chapter is all about how to customize your Apple Watch so that it works best for you.
(I discussed how to Personalize the Apple Watch Face in an earlier chapter.)
Watch Orientation
Accessing Watch Settings
Most people wear a watch on the left
wrist, with the crown facing the hand.
But the Apple Watch is ambidextrous—
you can wear it on either wrist, or in a
different orientation on the same wrist.
To access the Settings app on your
watch, press the Digital Crown; when
the Home screen appears, tap the Settings
On your Watch, open the Settings
app and tap General > Orientation ①.
Or, on the iPhone in the Watch app, go
to General > Watch Orientation.
Choose to wear the watch on your left
or right wrist, and then choose whether
the Digital Crown is on the left or
Wake Screen Options
When you raise your wrist, the watch
face appears. To change this behavior
in the Watch app on the iPhone, go to
General > Wake Screen ②.
① What madness is this? Some people find this
“reverse crown” orientation better for pressing
and turning the Digital Crown.
On the Wake Screen, choose from
these options:
• Wake Screen on Wrist Raise: With
this on, your watch wakes whenever
you raise your wrist to look at it.
• Wake Screen on Crown Up: With
this option on, turn the Digital Crown
slowly clockwise to wake the display
and increase its brightness.
• On Screen Wake Show Last App:
Specify whether the last app you
used appears (instead of the watch
face) always, within 8 minutes or 1
hour of last use, or only within the
current session (e.g., a workout).
• On Tap: Choose how long the
screen remains active after you tap
to wake it up (15 or 70 seconds).
② The Wake Screen options let you configure
what happens when your watch wakes up.
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You can adjust the same settings
(except Wake Screen on Crown Up) on
the watch itself: open the Settings
app and go to General > Wake Screen.
Wrist Detection
In the Watch app on the iPhone, go to
General and find the Wrist Detection
toggle (but do not turn it off ③). If your
watch is protected with a passcode (see
Passcode, ahead), this feature locks the
watch whenever you take it off.
③ With the Wrist Detection setting toggled on,
your watch locks whenever you take it off (if
you’ve protected it with a passcode).
Adjusting Appearance
Open the Settings
app on the Apple
Watch and tap Brightness & Text Size
to change the following aspects of the
watch experience:
• Brightness offers three levels of
illumination; tap the brightness
buttons, or turn the Digital Crown,
to increase or decrease it ④.
• Text Size makes text larger or
smaller in apps that support it.
④ Adjust the brightness and text appearance.
• Bold Text increases the weight of
text in general ⑤; changing this setting requires the watch to restart.
The same settings can be found in the
Watch app on the iPhone under Brightness & Text Size.
Renaming Your Watch
Your watch is part of you, so in the
Watch app on the iPhone go
to General > About > Name and give
the watch a name. This name appears
when you view your devices in the
Settings area of your
⑤ Text in bold (right) can be easier to read.
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Care and Feeding of Your Apple Watch
It may be a sharp-looking timepiece, but the Apple Watch is also a piece of highly
technical electronics. Taking care of it involves more than a polish here and there.
As I mentioned earlier, expect to top off
the battery every day or so by connecting the included charging cable to the
back of the watch.
If you want to actively conserve battery
life, you can manually put the watch
into its Power Reserve mode, which
shuts down everything but a minimal
digital time readout that appears only
when you press the side button. This
mode also kicks in when the battery
level is below 10 percent.
To enable Power Reserve mode manually, swipe up from the bottom of the
display to show Control Center, tap the
battery level, and then tap the Power
Reserve button ①.
① Tapping the battery level in Control Center
leads to this screen.
Restarting Bluetooth
If the Apple Watch can’t communicate
with the iPhone, odd things can happen.
For example, app icons may appear
generic, or the watch may report that
the iPhone isn’t within range (when
you’re positive that it is).
To return to normal battery mode,
press and hold the side button to
restart the watch.
Tip: In the Watch app on the iPhone, go
to General > Usage to view the time
since the last full charge.
Try restarting Bluetooth on the iPhone:
Swipe up from the bottom of the screen
to reveal Control Center, and then tap
the Bluetooth
button to turn it off. Tap it again to restart Bluetooth.
If the Apple Watch is misbehaving, it’s
helpful to power it off and turn it back
on again. To do so, press and hold the
side button to bring up the power controls and slide the Power Off slider.
Wait a few moments and then press
and hold the side button again until
you see the Apple logo appear.
Force-quitting an App
Occasionally an app may refuse to work,
in which case you can try to force-quit it.
In the misbehaving app, do this:
1. With the app open, press and hold
the side button until the Power Off slider appears.
In rare cases, the watch may freeze and
require a force-reset. In that case, press
and hold both the side button and the
Digital Crown until you see the Apple
2. Press and hold the Digital Crown until
the app closes and you’re returned to
the Home screen.
3. Tap the app again to relaunch it.
The app should now operate normally.
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If something seems especially screwy
with the Apple Watch, or if you’re going
to sell it or give it away, you’ll want to
reset it to its factory settings.
The watch’s data (including watch face
settings and the like) is backed up automatically to the paired iPhone, so make
sure the iPhone is backed up to iCloud
or to a computer via iTunes before you
reset it.
Warning! Your health and fitness data
will be backed up only if the iPhone
syncs to iCloud or has an encrypted
backup via iTunes (due to health privacy
concerns). Workout and activity calibration data is not included in the backup,
nor are playlists, Apple Pay cards, or the
watch’s passcode.
② Unpair the watch from the iPhone app to
erase the watch.
Tip: If the watch is reset without the paired iPhone nearby, a backup isn’t
made. If possible, make sure the two
devices are near each other.
The Usual Resetting Method
Switching to a New iPhone
The way to reset the watch is to unpair
it from the iPhone, which performs a
final backup (if possible) and then
wipes the watch clean:
If you switch to a new iPhone, you’ll
need to unpair your watch from your old
iPhone, back up your watch, transfer the
backup to the new iPhone, and pair your
watch with the new iPhone. Apple provides detailed instructions on the page
Switch your Apple Watch to a new
1. In the Watch app on the iPhone,
tap the name of your watch at the
top, and then tap the i
2. Tap Unpair Apple Watch ②, and
then confirm the action.
After several minutes, the Apple Watch
is restored to its factory default state.
Resetting without the iPhone
If the iPhone isn’t available and you
need to reset the watch, open the
app on the watch, go
to General > Reset, and tap Erase All
Content and Settings.
Warning! If Activation Lock is enabled without the iPhone nearby when you
reset, you can’t restore and use the
watch until you disable Activation Lock at See Before the Watch Is Lost or Stolen, later in this chapter.
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About the Author
Jeff Carlson is a writer, photographer,
and late-nighter who has been writing
about Apple and technology since
1995. He’s the author of many books,
including Take Control of Your Digital
Photos on a Mac, Photos for OS X and
iOS, Aurora HDR and Aurora HDR
Professional: A Photoversity Guide, and
The iPad for Photographers. He’s also
a long-time contributor to Macworld,
a columnist for the Seattle Times, and
does his best to prove that there can be
never enough coffee.
Special thanks to:
To stay current with his projects, go
to and sign up for his
Tonya and Adam for years of friendship and professional collaboration.
Kimberly and Ellie for their love and
Joe Kissell for jumping in to update
the book to version 1.3 when I was
unable to.
Scholle McFarland for editing the 1.3
version of the book.
Michael Cohen for tech-editing the
1.2 version.
Jason Snell for tech-editing the 1.0
version. Mostly, though, for long ago
encouraging a young guy who wanted to create an electronic anthology
of Internet-published short fiction.
Coffea arabica, for your stimulating
contribution to me and writers
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About the Publisher
TidBITS Publishing Inc., publisher of the
Take Control book series and TidBITS
Web site, was incorporated in 2007 by
co-founders Adam and Tonya Engst.
Adam and Tonya are known in the
Apple world as writers, editors, and
speakers. They have been creating
Apple-related content since they
started the online newsletter TidBITS
in 1990.
Publisher: Adam Engst
Editor in Chief: Tonya Engst
Production macros: Joe Kissell
Cover design: Sam Schick, Neversink
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Apple Watch photos: Jeff Carlson,
except for two figures that use images
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Thanks to Cory, Linda, Chris, and Elaine
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Copyright and Fine Print
Apple Watch: A Take Control Crash Course
ISBN: 978-1-61542-451-1
Copyright © 2016, Jeff Carlson. All rights reserved.
TidBITS Publishing Inc. 50 Hickory Road, Ithaca, NY 14850 USA
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