Nikon | D3200 + Tamron 18-200mm | Specifications | Nikon D3200 + Tamron 18-200mm

DIGITAL CAMERA
Reference Manual
En
Thank you for your purchase of a Nikon single-lens reflex (SLR) digital camera. To get
the most from your camera, please be sure to read all instructions thoroughly and
keep them where they will be read by all who use the product.
Symbols and Conventions
To make it easier to find the information you need, the following symbols and
conventions are used:
D
This icon marks cautions; information that should be read before use to
prevent damage to the camera.
A
This icon marks notes; information that should be read before using the
camera.
0
This icon marks references to other pages in this manual.
Menu items, options, and messages displayed in the camera monitor are shown in bold.
Camera Settings
The explanations in this manual assume that default settings are used.
Help
Use the camera’s on-board help feature for help on menu items and other topics. See page 9
for details.
Digitutor
“Digitutor”, a series of “watch and learn” manuals in movie form, is available from the following
website: http://www.nikondigitutor.com/index_eng.html
A For Your Safety
Before using the camera for the first time, read the safety instructions in “For Your Safety”
(0 ix–xiv).
Where to Find It
Find what you’re looking for from:
i The Table of Contents ............ 0 iv
i Error Messages........................ 0 193
i The Q&A Index........................ 0 ii
i Troubleshooting ..................... 0 189
i The Index ................................ 0 206
X Introduction
s Basic Photography
! Guide Mode
z More on Photography (All Modes)
t P, S, A, and M Modes
x Live View
y Recording and Viewing Movies
I Playback and Deletion
Q Connections
o The Playback Menu
i The Shooting Menu
g The Setup Menu
u The Retouch Menu
w Recent Settings
n Technical Notes
0
1
0 21
0 27
0 31
0 53
0 80
0 88
0 97
0 111
0 125
0 127
0 133
0 149
0 166
0 167
i
Q&A Index
Find what you’re looking for using this “question and answer” index.
Taking Photographs
0
i Shooting Modes and Framing Options
Is there a quick and easy way to take snapshots?
How do I use the g position on the mode dial?
How do I quickly adjust settings for different scenes?
Can I adjust shutter speed to freeze or blur motion (mode S)?
Can I adjust aperture to blur backgrounds or bring them into focus
(mode A)?
How do I make long (“time”) exposures (mode M)?
Can I frame photos in the monitor (live view)?
Can I shoot movies?
22–24
27–30
25–26
55
56
58
80–87
88–89
i Release Modes
Can I take photos one at a time or in quick succession?
How do I take pictures with the self-timer or a remote control?
Can I reduce shutter noise in quiet surroundings? (quiet shutter
release)
31
33
31
i Focus
Can I choose how the camera focuses?
Can I choose the focus point?
35–36
40
i Image Quality and Size
How do I take pictures for printing at large sizes?
How can I get more pictures on the memory card?
44–46
i Exposure
Can I make photos brighter or darker?
How do I preserve details in shadows and highlights?
63
67–68
i Using the Flash
Can I set the flash to fire automatically when needed?
How do I keep the flash from firing?
How do I avoid “red-eye”?
Viewing Photographs
47–50
0
i Playback
How do I view photographs on the camera?
How do I view more information about a photo?
Can I view photos in an automatic slide show?
Can I view photos on a TV?
Can I protect photos from accidental deletion?
97
98–101
109
122–124
105
i Deletion
How do I delete unwanted photos?
ii
106–108
Retouching Photographs
How do I create retouched copies of photos?
How do I remove “red-eye”?
How do I make JPEG copies of RAW (NEF) photos?
Can I overlay two NEF (RAW) photos to make a single image?
Can I create a copy of a photo that looks like a painting?
Can I trim movie footage on the camera or save movie stills?
Menus and Settings
How do I adjust settings in the information display?
How do I use the menus?
How do I display menus in another language?
How do I keep the displays from turning off?
How do I focus the viewfinder?
Can I display a framing grid in the monitor?
How do I set the camera clock?
How do I format memory cards?
How do I restore default settings?
Is there any way to stop the camera beeping?
How do I get help for a menu or message?
Connections
How do I copy photos to a computer?
How do I print photos?
Can I print the date of recording on my photos?
Maintenance and Optional Accessories
What memory cards can I use?
What lenses can I use?
What optional flash units (Speedlights) can I use?
What other accessories are available for my camera?
What software is available for my camera?
What do I do with the supplied eyepiece cap?
How do I clean the camera?
Where should I take my camera for servicing and repairs?
0
149–165
151
157
155–156
160
93–96
0
5–6
9–11
16, 137
140
20
85
16, 137
19
128, 134
141
9, 193
0
111–113
114–121
116, 121,
144
0
177
167
172
176
34
179
iii
Table of Contents
Q&A Index .................................................................................................................................... ii
For Your Safety .......................................................................................................................... ix
Notices.......................................................................................................................................... xi
Introduction
1
Getting to Know the Camera................................................................................................. 1
The Camera Body ......................................................................................................................1
The Mode Dial.............................................................................................................................3
The Viewfinder............................................................................................................................4
The Information Display..........................................................................................................5
The Command Dial ...................................................................................................................7
Camera Menus............................................................................................................................ 9
Using Camera Menus ............................................................................................................ 10
First Steps ...................................................................................................................................12
Charge the Battery ................................................................................................................. 12
Insert the Battery .................................................................................................................... 13
Attach a Lens............................................................................................................................ 14
Basic Setup................................................................................................................................ 16
Insert a Memory Card............................................................................................................ 18
Format the Memory Card .................................................................................................... 19
Adjust Viewfinder Focus ...................................................................................................... 20
Basic Photography
21
Battery Level and Card Capacity ........................................................................................21
“Point-and-Shoot” Photography (i and j Modes)...................................................22
Creative Photography (Scene Modes) .............................................................................25
k Portrait .............................................................................................................................. 25
l Landscape........................................................................................................................ 25
p Child .................................................................................................................................. 25
m Sports ................................................................................................................................ 26
n Close up............................................................................................................................ 26
o Night Portrait.................................................................................................................. 26
Guide Mode
27
The Guide ...................................................................................................................................27
Guide Mode Menus ............................................................................................................... 28
Using the Guide ...................................................................................................................... 30
iv
More on Photography (All Modes)
31
Release Mode ............................................................................................................................31
Self-Timer and Remote Control Modes ...........................................................................33
Focus ............................................................................................................................................35
Focus Mode...............................................................................................................................35
AF-Area Mode ..........................................................................................................................38
Focus Point Selection ............................................................................................................40
Focus Lock .................................................................................................................................40
Manual Focus ...........................................................................................................................42
Image Quality and Size ..........................................................................................................44
Image Quality ...........................................................................................................................44
Image Size..................................................................................................................................46
Using the Built-in Flash..........................................................................................................47
Flash Mode ................................................................................................................................48
ISO Sensitivity............................................................................................................................51
P, S, A, and M Modes
53
Shutter Speed and Aperture................................................................................................53
Mode P (Programmed Auto) ..............................................................................................54
Mode S (Shutter-Priority Auto) ..........................................................................................55
Mode A (Aperture-Priority Auto).......................................................................................56
Mode M (Manual)....................................................................................................................57
Exposure .....................................................................................................................................60
Metering.....................................................................................................................................60
Autoexposure Lock ................................................................................................................61
Exposure Compensation......................................................................................................63
Flash Compensation ..............................................................................................................65
Preserving Detail in Highlights and Shadows ...............................................................67
Active D-Lighting....................................................................................................................67
White Balance ...........................................................................................................................69
Fine-Tuning White Balance .................................................................................................71
Preset Manual...........................................................................................................................72
Picture Controls........................................................................................................................76
Selecting a Picture Control..................................................................................................76
Modifying Picture Controls .................................................................................................77
Live View
80
Framing Photographs in the Monitor ..............................................................................80
Focusing in Live View ............................................................................................................81
v
Recording and Viewing Movies
88
Recording Movies....................................................................................................................88
Movie Settings......................................................................................................................... 90
Viewing Movies ........................................................................................................................92
Editing Movies ..........................................................................................................................93
Trimming Movies.................................................................................................................... 93
Saving Selected Frames ....................................................................................................... 96
Playback and Deletion
97
Full-Frame Playback................................................................................................................97
Photo Information.................................................................................................................. 98
Thumbnail Playback ............................................................................................................ 102
Calendar Playback ................................................................................................................ 103
Taking a Closer Look: Playback Zoom........................................................................... 104
Protecting Photographs from Deletion........................................................................ 105
Deleting Photographs ........................................................................................................ 106
Full-Frame, Thumbnail, and Calendar Playback........................................................106
The Playback Menu..............................................................................................................107
Slide Shows............................................................................................................................. 109
Connections
111
Connecting to a Computer ............................................................................................... 111
Before Connecting the Camera.......................................................................................111
Connecting the Camera .....................................................................................................112
Printing Photographs.......................................................................................................... 114
Connecting the Printer.......................................................................................................114
Printing Pictures One at a Time.......................................................................................115
Printing Multiple Pictures..................................................................................................117
Creating a DPOF Print Order: Print Set .........................................................................120
Viewing Photographs on TV............................................................................................. 122
Standard Definition Devices.............................................................................................122
High-Definition Devices .....................................................................................................123
Menu Guide
125
D The Playback Menu: Managing Images ........................................................................... 125
Playback Folder.................................................................................................................125
Playback Display Options..............................................................................................126
Image Review ....................................................................................................................126
Rotate Tall...........................................................................................................................126
vi
C The Shooting Menu: Shooting Options ............................................................................ 127
Reset Shooting Menu .................................................................................................... 128
ISO Sensitivity Settings.................................................................................................. 129
Auto Distortion Control ................................................................................................ 130
Color Space........................................................................................................................ 130
Noise Reduction............................................................................................................... 131
Built-in AF-assist Illuminator ....................................................................................... 131
Flash Cntrl for Built-in Flash......................................................................................... 132
B The Setup Menu: Camera Setup .......................................................................................... 133
Reset Setup Options....................................................................................................... 134
Monitor Brightness ......................................................................................................... 134
Info Display Format ........................................................................................................ 134
Auto Info Display ............................................................................................................. 136
Video Mode ....................................................................................................................... 136
Flicker Reduction............................................................................................................. 136
Time Zone and Date....................................................................................................... 137
Language ........................................................................................................................... 137
Image Comment.............................................................................................................. 138
Auto Image Rotation...................................................................................................... 138
Image Dust Off Ref Photo............................................................................................. 139
Auto off Timers................................................................................................................. 140
Self-Timer ........................................................................................................................... 141
Remote on Duration....................................................................................................... 141
Beep ..................................................................................................................................... 141
Rangefinder....................................................................................................................... 142
File Number Sequence .................................................................................................. 142
Buttons................................................................................................................................ 143
Slot Empty Release Lock ............................................................................................... 144
Print Date ........................................................................................................................... 144
Storage Folder .................................................................................................................. 146
GPS........................................................................................................................................ 147
Eye-Fi Upload.................................................................................................................... 148
Firmware Version............................................................................................................. 148
N The Retouch Menu: Creating Retouched Copies ................................................................. 149
Creating Retouched Copies ............................................................................................. 150
D-Lighting .......................................................................................................................... 151
Red-Eye Correction ......................................................................................................... 151
Trim ...................................................................................................................................... 152
Monochrome .................................................................................................................... 152
Filter Effects ....................................................................................................................... 153
Color Balance .................................................................................................................... 154
Image Overlay................................................................................................................... 155
NEF (RAW) Processing.................................................................................................... 157
Resize ................................................................................................................................... 158
vii
Quick Retouch...................................................................................................................159
Straighten ...........................................................................................................................159
Distortion Control............................................................................................................159
Fisheye .................................................................................................................................160
Color Outline .....................................................................................................................160
Color Sketch.......................................................................................................................160
Perspective Control.........................................................................................................161
Miniature Effect ................................................................................................................162
Selective Color ..................................................................................................................163
Side-by-side Comparison..............................................................................................165
m Recent Settings ................................................................................................................ 166
Technical Notes
167
Compatible Lenses............................................................................................................... 167
Compatible CPU Lenses .....................................................................................................167
Compatible Non-CPU Lenses ...........................................................................................169
Optional Flash Units (Speedlights)................................................................................. 172
The Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)..................................................................173
Other Accessories................................................................................................................. 176
Approved Memory Cards ..................................................................................................177
Attaching a Power Connector and AC Adapter.........................................................178
Caring for the Camera......................................................................................................... 179
Storage .....................................................................................................................................179
Cleaning...................................................................................................................................179
The Low-Pass Filter ..............................................................................................................180
Caring for the Camera and Battery: Cautions............................................................. 184
Caring for the Camera.........................................................................................................184
Caring for the Battery..........................................................................................................185
Available Settings................................................................................................................. 187
Memory Card Capacity ....................................................................................................... 188
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................... 189
Display ......................................................................................................................................189
Shooting (All Modes)...........................................................................................................189
Shooting (P, S, A, M) ...........................................................................................................191
Playback...................................................................................................................................191
Miscellaneous ........................................................................................................................192
Error Messages....................................................................................................................... 193
Specifications......................................................................................................................... 196
Battery Life ..............................................................................................................................205
Index.......................................................................................................................................... 206
viii
For Your Safety
To prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or to others, read the following
safety precautions in their entirety before using this equipment. Keep these safety instructions
where all those who use the product will read them.
The consequences that could result from failure to observe the precautions listed in this
section are indicated by the following symbol:
icon marks warnings. To prevent possible injury, read all warnings before using
A This
this Nikon product.
❚❚ WARNINGS
A Keep the sun out of the frame
Keep the sun well out of the frame when
shooting backlit subjects. Sunlight
focused into the camera when the sun is
in or close to the frame could cause a fire.
A Do not look at the sun through the viewfinder
Viewing the sun or other strong light
source through the viewfinder could
cause permanent visual impairment.
A Using the viewfinder diopter adjustment control
When operating the viewfinder diopter
adjustment control with your eye to the
viewfinder, care should be taken not to
put your finger in your eye accidentally.
A Turn off immediately in the event of malfunction
Should you notice smoke or an unusual
smell coming from the equipment or AC
adapter (available separately), unplug
the AC adapter and remove the battery
immediately, taking care to avoid burns.
Continued operation could result in
injury. After removing the battery, take
the equipment to a Nikon-authorized
service center for inspection.
A Do not use in the presence of flammable gas
Do not use electronic equipment in the
presence of flammable gas, as this could
result in explosion or fire.
A Keep out of reach of children
Failure to observe this precaution could
result in injury. In addition, note that
small parts constitute a chocking hazard.
Should a child swallow any part of this
equipment, consult a physician
immediately.
A Do not disassemble
Touching the product’s internal parts
could result in injury. In the event of
malfunction, the product should be
repaired only by a qualified technician.
Should the product break open as the
result of a fall or other accident, remove
the battery and/or AC adapter and then
take the product to a Nikon-authorized
service center for inspection.
A Do not place the strap around the neck of an
infant or child
Placing the camera strap around the neck
of an infant or child could result in
strangulation.
A Do not remain in contact with the camera,
battery, or charger for extended periods while
the devices are on or in use
Parts of the device become hot. Leaving
the device in direct contact with the skin
for extended periods may result in lowtemperature burns.
A Do not aim a flash at the operator of a motor
vehicle
Failure to observe this precaution could
result in accidents.
ix
A Observe caution when using the flash
• Using the camera with the flash in close
contact with the skin or other objects
could cause burns.
• Using the flash close to the subject’s
eyes could cause temporary visual
impairment. Particular care should be
observed when photographing infants,
when the flash should be no less than
one meter (39 in.) from the subject.
A Avoid contact with liquid crystal
Should the monitor break, care should be
taken to avoid injury due to broken glass
and to prevent the liquid crystal from the
monitor touching the skin or entering
the eyes or mouth.
A Observe proper precautions when handling
batteries
Batteries may leak or explode if
improperly handled. Observe the
following precautions when handling
batteries for use in this product:
• Use only batteries approved for use in
this equipment.
• Do not short or disassemble the battery.
• Be sure the product is off before
replacing the battery. If you are using
an AC adapter, be sure it is unplugged.
• Do not attempt to insert the battery
upside down or backwards.
• Do not expose the battery to flame or to
excessive heat.
• Do not immerse in or expose to water.
• Replace the terminal cover when
transporting the battery. Do not
transport or store the battery with
metal objects such as necklaces or
hairpins.
• Batteries are prone to leakage when
fully discharged. To avoid damage to
the product, be sure to remove the
battery when no charge remains.
• When the battery is not in use, attach
the terminal cover and store in a cool,
dry place.
x
• The battery may be hot immediately
after use or when the product has been
used on battery power for an extended
period. Before removing the battery
turn the camera off and allow the
battery to cool.
• Discontinue use immediately should
you notice any changes in the battery,
such as discoloration or deformation.
A Observe proper precautions when handling the
charger
• Keep dry. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in fire or electric
shock.
• Do not short the charger terminals.
Failure to observe this precaution could
result in overheating and damage to
the charger.
• Dust on or near the metal parts of the
plug should be removed with a dry
cloth. Continued use could result in fire.
• Do not go near the charger during
thunderstorms. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in electric
shock.
• Do not handle the plug or charger with
wet hands. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in electric shock.
• Do not use with travel converters or
adapters designed to convert from one
voltage to another or with DC-to-AC
inverters. Failure to observe this
precaution could damage the product
or cause overheating or fire.
A Use appropriate cables
When connecting cables to the input and
output jacks, use only the cables
provided or sold by Nikon for the
purpose to maintain compliance with
product regulations.
A CD-ROMs
CD-ROMs containing software or
manuals should not be played back on
audio CD equipment. Playing CD-ROMs
on an audio CD player could cause
hearing loss or damage the equipment.
Notices
• No part of the manuals included with this
product may be reproduced, transmitted,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language in any form,
by any means, without Nikon’s prior
written permission.
• Nikon reserves the right to change the
specifications of the hardware and
software described in these manuals at
any time and without prior notice.
• Nikon will not be held liable for any
damages resulting from the use of this
product.
• While every effort has been made to
ensure that the information in these
manuals is accurate and complete, we
would appreciate it were you to bring any
errors or omissions to the attention of the
Nikon representative in your area (address
provided separately).
Notice for Customers in Canada
CAUTION
This Class B digital apparatus complies with
Canadian ICES-003.
ATTENTION
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est
conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Notices for Customers in Europe
CAUTION
RISK OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS REPLACED BY AN INCORRECT TYPE. DISPOSE OF USED
BATTERIES ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS.
This symbol indicates that this
product is to be collected separately.
This symbol on the battery indicates that the battery is to be collected separately.
The following apply only to users in
European countries:
• This product is designated for separate
collection at an appropriate collection
point. Do not dispose of as household
waste.
• For more information, contact the retailer
or the local authorities in charge of waste
management.
The following apply only to users in
European countries:
• All batteries, whether marked with this
symbol or not, are designated for separate
collection at an appropriate collection
point. Do not dispose of as household
waste.
• For more information, contact the retailer
or the local authorities in charge of waste
management.
xi
Notices for Customers in the U.S.A.
The Battery Charger
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS—SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
DANGER—TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, CAREFULLY
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS
For connection to a supply not in the U.S.A., use an attachment plug adapter of the proper
configuration for the power outlet if needed. This power unit is intended to be correctly
oriented in a vertical or floor mount position.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
D3200
These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful
CAUTIONS
interference in a residential installation. This
Modifications
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
The FCC requires the user be notified that any
radio frequency energy and, if not installed
changes or modifications made to this device
and used in accordance with the instructions, that are not expressly approved by Nikon
may cause harmful interference to radio
Corporation may void the user’s authority to
communications. However, there is no
operate the equipment.
guarantee that interference will not occur in a
Interface Cables
particular installation. If this equipment does
Use the interface cables sold or provided by
cause harmful interference to radio or
Nikon for your equipment. Using other
television reception, which can be
interface cables may exceed the limits of
determined by turning the equipment off
Class B Part 15 of the FCC rules.
and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the Notice for Customers in the State of California
following measures:
WARNING: Handling the cord on this product
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. may expose you to lead, a chemical known to
• Increase the separation between the
the State of California to cause birth defects
equipment and receiver.
or other reproductive harm. Wash hands after
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a handling.
circuit different from that to which the
Nikon Inc., 1300 Walt Whitman Road, Melville,
receiver is connected.
New York 11747-3064, U.S.A.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced
Tel.: 631-547-4200
radio/television technician for help.
xii
Notice Concerning Prohibition of Copying or Reproduction
Note that simply being in possession of material that has been digitally copied or reproduced
by means of a scanner, digital camera, or other device may be punishable by law.
• Items prohibited by law from being copied or
reproduced
Do not copy or reproduce paper money,
coins, securities, government bonds, or
local government bonds, even if such
copies or reproductions are stamped
“Sample.”
The copying or reproduction of paper
money, coins, or securities which are
circulated in a foreign country is prohibited.
Unless the prior permission of the
government has been obtained, the
copying or reproduction of unused postage
stamps or post cards issued by the
government is prohibited.
The copying or reproduction of stamps
issued by the government and of certified
documents stipulated by law is prohibited.
• Cautions on certain copies and reproductions
The government has issued cautions on
copies or reproductions of securities issued
by private companies (shares, bills, checks,
gift certificates, etc.), commuter passes, or
coupon tickets, except when a minimum of
necessary copies are to be provided for
business use by a company. Also, do not
copy or reproduce passports issued by the
government, licenses issued by public
agencies and private groups, ID cards, and
tickets, such as passes and meal coupons.
• Comply with copyright notices
The copying or reproduction of copyrighted
creative works such as books, music,
paintings, woodcuts, prints, maps,
drawings, movies, and photographs is
governed by national and international
copyright laws. Do not use this product for
the purpose of making illegal copies or to
infringe copyright laws.
Disposing of Data Storage Devices
Please note that deleting images or formatting memory cards or other data storage devices
does not completely erase the original image data. Deleted files can sometimes be recovered
from discarded storage devices using commercially available software, potentially resulting in
the malicious use of personal image data. Ensuring the privacy of such data is the user’s
responsibility.
Before discarding a data storage device or transferring ownership to another person, erase all
data using commercial deletion software, or format the device and then completely refill it
with images containing no private information (for example, pictures of empty sky). Be sure to
also replace any pictures selected for preset manual (0 72). Care should be taken to avoid
injury when physically destroying data storage devices.
AVC Patent Portfolio License
THIS PRODUCT IS LICENSED UNDER THE AVC PATENT PORTFOLIO LICENSE FOR THE PERSONAL AND NONCOMMERCIAL USE OF A CONSUMER TO (i) ENCODE VIDEO IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE AVC STANDARD (“AVC
VIDEO”) AND/OR (ii) DECODE AVC VIDEO THAT WAS ENCODED BY A CONSUMER ENGAGED IN A PERSONAL AND
NON-COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY AND/OR WAS OBTAINED FROM A VIDEO PROVIDER LICENSED TO PROVIDE AVC
VIDEO. NO LICENSE IS GRANTED OR SHALL BE IMPLIED FOR ANY OTHER USE. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MAY BE
OBTAINED FROM MPEG LA, L.L.C. SEE http://www.mpegla.com
xiii
Use Only Nikon Brand Electronic Accessories
Nikon cameras are designed to the highest standards and include complex electronic circuitry.
Only Nikon brand electronic accessories (including chargers, batteries, AC adapters, and flash
accessories) certified by Nikon specifically for use with this Nikon digital camera are
engineered and proven to operate within the operational and safety requirements of this
electronic circuitry.
The use of non-Nikon electronic accessories could damage the camera and may
void your Nikon warranty. The use of third-party rechargeable Li-ion batteries not
bearing the Nikon holographic seal shown at right could interfere with normal
operation of the camera or result in the batteries overheating, igniting, rupturing, or leaking.
For more information about Nikon brand accessories, contact a local authorized Nikon dealer.
D
Use Only Nikon Brand Accessories
Only Nikon brand accessories certified by Nikon specifically for use with your Nikon digital
camera are engineered and proven to operate within its operational and safety
requirements. THE USE OF NON-NIKON ACCESSORIES COULD DAMAGE YOUR CAMERA AND MAY VOID YOUR
NIKON WARRANTY.
D
Servicing the Camera and Accessories
The camera is a precision device and requires regular servicing. Nikon recommends that the
camera be inspected by the original retailer or a Nikon-authorized service representative
once every one to two years, and that it be serviced once every three to five years (note that
fees apply to these services). Frequent inspection and servicing are particularly
recommended if the camera is used professionally. Any accessories regularly used with the
camera, such as lenses or optional flash units, should be included when the camera is
inspected or serviced.
A
Before Taking Important Pictures
Before taking pictures on important occasions (such as at weddings or before taking the
camera on a trip), take a test shot to ensure that the camera is functioning normally. Nikon
will not be held liable for damages or lost profits that may result from product malfunction.
A
Life-Long Learning
As part of Nikon’s “Life-Long Learning” commitment to ongoing product support and
education, continually-updated information is available on-line at the following sites:
• For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/
• For users in Europe and Africa: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support/
• For users in Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East: http://www.nikon-asia.com/
Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips, answers to
frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital imaging and photography.
Additional information may be available from the Nikon representative in your area. See the
following URL for contact information: http://imaging.nikon.com/
xiv
XIntroduction
Getting to Know the Camera
Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera controls and displays. You
may find it helpful to bookmark this section and refer to it as you read through the
rest of the manual.
X
The Camera Body
10
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
24
25
13
14
15
16
17
26
27
18
19
20
11
22
28
29
21
23
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Mode dial...................................3
Eyelet for camera strap
R (information) button.... 6, 85
E/N button
Exposure compensation...64
Adjusting aperture ............57
Flash compensation..........66
Shutter-release button.........24
Power switch.............................2
Movie-record button ............88
AF-assist illuminator .............37
Self-timer lamp ......................33
Red-eye reduction lamp ......49
Infrared receiver (front) ........ 33
Body cap
CPU contacts
12 Built-in flash ........................... 47
13 M/ Y button
Flash mode ......................... 47
Flash compensation ......... 66
14 Speaker.................................... 92
15 Focal plane mark (E) .......... 43
16 Eyelet for camera strap
17 Microphone............................ 88
18 Connector cover
19 Fn button
Using the Fn button....8, 143
20 Mounting mark...................... 14
21 Lens release button .............. 15
22 Mirror ..................................... 182
23 Lens mount............................. 43
24 Accessory shoe cover ......... 172
25 Accessory shoe (for optional
flash units) .........................172
26 Connector for external
microphone ................ 91, 177
27 USB and A/V connector
Connecting to a
computer .......................112
Connecting to a printer
..........................................114
Connecting to a TV .........122
28 HDMI mini-pin connector
..............................................123
29 Accessory terminal..............177
1
The Camera Body (Continued)
1
11
13
14
15
16
17
12
2
3
4
X
18
19
20
5
6
7
8
9
23
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Viewfinder eyepiece............. 34
Rubber eyecup
Infrared receiver (rear) .........33
Monitor
Viewing settings...................5
Live view ............................. 80
Full-frame playback.......... 97
K button
Playback .............................. 97
G button
Menu..............................9, 125
X button
Playback zoom in............ 104
W/Q button
Thumbnails....................... 102
Playback zoom out ......... 104
Help.........................................9
P (information edit) button
...................................................5
10 Tripod socket
11 Diopter adjustment
control .................................. 20
12 A/L button
Using the A (L) button
................................... 41, 143
Protecting photographs
from deletion ................105
13 Command dial ......................... 7
14 a button
Live view.............................. 80
Movie ................................... 88
15 Multi selector ......................... 10
16 Memory card slot cover ....... 18
17 J (OK) button ....................... 10
18 I/E/# button
Release mode ..................... 31
Self-timer ............................ 33
Remote control.................. 33
21
22
24
19 Memory card access lamp
......................................... 18, 23
20 Power connector cover for
optional power connector
..............................................178
21 Battery-chamber cover latch
................................................13
22 Battery-chamber cover ........13
23 O button
Deleting pictures during
playback .........................106
24 Battery latch.............................13
A
The Power Switch
Rotate the power switch as shown to turn
the camera on.
A
Rotate the power switch as shown to turn
the camera off.
The Microphone and Speaker
Do not place the microphone or speaker in close proximity to magnetic devices. Failure to
observe this precaution could affect the data recorded on the magnetic devices.
2
The Mode Dial
The camera offers a choice of the following shooting modes and g mode:
g Mode (0 27)
Take and view pictures and adjust settings with the
help of an on-screen guide.
P, S, A, and M Modes
Select these modes for full
control over camera settings.
• P—Programmed auto (0 54)
• S—Shutter-priority auto (0 55)
• A—Aperture-priority auto (0 56)
• M—Manual (0 57)
X
Auto Modes
Select these modes for simple, point-and-shoot
photography.
• i Auto (0 22)
• j Auto (flash off) (0 22)
Scene Modes
The camera automatically optimizes settings to suit the scene selected with the mode dial.
Match your selection to the scene being photographed.
• k Portrait (0 25)
• m Sports (0 26)
• l Landscape (0 25)
• n Close up (0 26)
• p Child (0 25)
• o Night portrait (0 26)
A
Scene Auto Selector (Live View)
Selecting live view in i or j mode enables automatic scene selection (“scene auto
selector”; 0 85) when autofocus is used.
3
The Viewfinder
X
1
2 3
4
5
10
6
11
7
12
8 9
14
15
13
1 Focus points ........................... 40
2 Focus indicator ................23, 42
3 Autoexposure (AE) lock
indicator............................... 61
4 Shutter speed ..................55, 57
5 Aperture (f-number) ......56, 57
6 Battery indicator ................... 21
D
7 Number of exposures
remaining ........................... 21
Number of shots remaining
before memory buffer
fills ......................................... 32
White balance recording
indicator ............................... 72
Exposure compensation value
................................................ 63
Flash compensation
value...................................... 65
ISO sensitivity......................... 51
8 “K” (appears when memory
remains for over 1000
exposures) ........................... 21
9 Flash-ready indicator............24
10 Flexible program
indicator ...............................54
11 Exposure indicator ................57
Exposure compensation
display...................................64
Electronic rangefinder........142
12 Flash compensation
indicator ...............................65
13 Exposure compensation
indicator ...............................63
14 Auto ISO sensitivity
indicator .............................129
15 Warning indicator................193
The Viewfinder
The response time and brightness of the viewfinder display may vary with temperature.
4
The Information Display
Camera settings can be viewed and adjusted in the information
display. Press the P button once to view settings, and again to
make changes to settings. Highlight items using the multi
selector and press J to view options for the highlighted item.
X
P button
1
7 8
9
10 11 12 13 14
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
15
2
3
4
5
6
16
17
1 Shooting mode
i auto/
j auto (flash off) ..............22
Scene modes ......................25
Guide mode ........................27
P, S, A, and M modes...........53
2 Aperture (f-number) ...... 56, 57
3 Shutter speed .................. 55, 57
4 Shutter-speed display ............6
5 Aperture display ......................6
6 Auto-area AF indicator .........38
3D-tracking indicator............38
Focus point..............................40
7 Eye-Fi connection
indicator............................. 148
8 Manual flash indicator....... 132
Flash compensation indicator
for optional flash units ... 175
9 Print date indicator............. 144
18 19
20
10 Auto ISO sensitivity
indicator............................. 129
11 Active D-Lighting.................. 67
12 Picture Control....................... 76
13 “Beep” indicator .................. 141
14 Battery indicator ................... 21
15 GPS connection indicator .. 147
16 Help icon ............................... 193
17 Exposure indicator................ 57
Exposure compensation
indicator............................... 64
18 Number of exposures
remaining ............................ 21
White balance recording
indicator............................... 72
19 “K” (appears when memory
remains for over 1000
exposures) ........................... 21
21
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
22
Flash mode ............................. 48
Flash compensation ............. 65
Exposure compensation...... 63
Image quality ......................... 44
Image size ............................... 46
White balance ........................ 69
ISO sensitivity......................... 51
Release mode......................... 31
Focus mode ..................... 35, 81
AF-area mode.................. 38, 82
Metering.................................. 60
5
A
Hiding Shooting Information
To turn the monitor off, press the R button. Note that the monitor turns off automatically
while the shutter-release button is pressed or if no operations are performed for about 8 s
(for information on choosing how long the monitor stays on, see Auto off timers on page
140). The information display can be restored by pressing the R button again.
X
R button
Information display
Monitor off
A
Rotating the Camera
When the camera is rotated 90 °, shooting information rotates to
match camera orientation.
A
The Shutter-Speed and Aperture Displays
These displays provide visual indications of shutter speed and aperture.
Fast shutter speed, large aperture
(low f-number).
Slow shutter speed, small aperture
(high f-number).
While the mode dial is rotated, this display is replaced by an image of the mode dial.
A
See Also
For information on choosing a design for the information display, see Info display format
(0 134). For information on choosing whether information is displayed when the shutterrelease button is pressed; see Auto info display (0 136). For information on the indicators
displayed in live view, see page 84.
6
The Command Dial
The command dial can be used with other controls to adjust a variety of settings
when shooting information is displayed in the monitor.
M (Y) button
E (N) button
X
Fn button
Mode dial
Command dial
Choose a combination of
aperture and shutter speed
(mode P; 0 54).
Mode P
Command dial
Information display
Mode S or M
Command dial
Information display
Mode A
Command dial
Information display
Command dial
Information display
Choose a shutter speed
(mode S or M; 0 55, 57).
Choose an aperture
(mode A; 0 56).
Choose an
aperture
(mode M;
0 57).
+
Mode M
E (N) button
7
Set exposure
compensation
(mode P, S, or A;
0 63).
+
E (N) button
Mode P, S, or A
X
Command dial
Information display
Command dial
Information display
Choose a flash mode (0 49).
+
M (Y) button
Adjust flash compensation (mode P, S, A, or M; 0 65).
+
P, S, A, or M
M (Y) button
+
E (N) button
Command dial
The role of the Fn button can be selected using the
Buttons > Assign Fn button option in the setup menu
(0 143), allowing the following settings to be
adjusted by pressing the Fn button and rotating the
command dial:
+
Fn button
8
Information display
Image quality/size (0 44)
ISO sensitivity (0 51)
White balance (0 69)
Active D-Lighting (0 67)
Command dial
Camera Menus
Most shooting, playback, and setup options can
be accessed from the camera menus. To view the
menus, press the G button.
G button
Tabs
Choose from the following menus:
• D: Playback (0 125)
• C: Shooting (0 127)
• B: Setup (0 133)
•
•
X
N: Retouch (0 149)
m: Recent settings (0 166)
Slider shows position in current menu.
Current settings are shown by icons.
Menu options
Options in current menu.
d
If a d icon is displayed at the bottom left corner of the
monitor, help can be displayed by pressing the W (Q)
button. A description of the currently selected option or
menu will be displayed while the button is pressed. Press
1 or 3 to scroll through the display.
W (Q) button
A
Guide Mode
To display the on-screen guide, rotate the mode dial to g (0 27).
9
Using Camera Menus
The multi selector and J button are used to navigate the camera menus.
Move cursor up
J button: select highlighted item
Cancel and return to
previous menu
X
Select highlighted item or
display sub-menu
Move cursor down
Follow the steps below to navigate the menus.
1
Display the menus.
Press the G button to display the menus.
G button
2
Highlight the icon for the current menu.
Press 4 to highlight the icon for the current
menu.
3
Select a menu.
Press 1 or 3 to select the desired menu.
10
4
Position the cursor in the selected menu.
Press 2 to position the cursor in the selected
menu.
5
Highlight a menu item.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight a menu item.
6
X
Display options.
Press 2 to display options for the selected menu
item.
7
Highlight an option.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight an option.
8
Select the highlighted item.
Press J to select the highlighted item. To exit
without making a selection, press the G
button.
Note the following:
• Menu items that are displayed in gray are not currently available.
• While pressing 2 generally has the same effect as pressing J, there are some
cases in which selection can only be made by pressing J.
• To exit the menus and return to shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway (0 24).
11
First Steps
Charge the Battery
X
The camera is powered by an EN-EL14 rechargeable Li-ion battery (supplied). To
maximize shooting time, charge the battery in the supplied MH-24 battery charger
before use. About 1 hour and 30 minutes are required to fully recharge the battery
when no charge remains.
A
The Plug Adapter
Depending on the country or region of purchase, a plug adapter may
be supplied with the charger. The shape of the adapter varies with
the country or region of purchase. If a plug adapter is supplied, raise
the wall plug and connect the plug adapter as shown at right, making
sure the plug is fully inserted. Attempting to forcibly remove the
plug adapter could damage the product.
1
Remove the terminal cover.
Remove the terminal cover from the battery.
2
Insert the battery.
Insert the battery as shown in the illustration on the
charger.
D
Charging the Battery
Charge the battery indoors at ambient temperatures between
5–35°C (41–95°F). The battery will not charge if its
temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) or above 60 °C (140 °F).
3
Plug the charger in.
The CHARGE lamp will flash slowly while the battery charges.
D
During Charging
Do not move the charger or touch the battery during charging.
Failure to observe this precaution could in very rare instances
result in the charger showing that charging is complete when
the battery is only partially charged. Remove and reinsert the
battery to begin charging again.
Battery
charging
4
Charging
complete
Remove the battery when charging is complete.
Charging is complete when the CHARGE lamp stops flashing. Unplug the charger
and remove the battery.
12
Insert the Battery
1
Turn the camera off.
A
Inserting and Removing Batteries
Always turn the camera off before inserting or removing batteries.
2
X
Open the battery-chamber cover.
Unlatch (q) and open (w) the battery-chamber cover.
w
q
3
Insert the battery.
Insert the battery in the orientation
shown (e), using the battery to keep
the orange battery latch pressed to
one side. The latch locks the battery
in place when the battery is fully
inserted.
4
e
Battery latch
Close the battery-chamber cover.
A
Removing the Battery
Turn the camera off and open the
battery-chamber cover. Press the
battery latch in the direction shown by
the arrow to release the battery and
then remove the battery by hand.
D
The Battery and Charger
Read and follow the warnings and cautions on pages ix–x and 184–186 of this manual. Do not
use the battery at ambient temperatures below 0°C/32°F or above 40°C/104°F; failure to
observe this precaution could damage the battery or impair its performance. Capacity may
be reduced and charging times may increase at battery temperatures from 0°C/32°F to
15°C/59°F and from 45°C/113°F to 60°C/140°F. If the CHARGE lamp flashes quickly (about
eight times a second) during charging, confirm that the temperature is in the correct range
and then unplug the charger and remove and reinsert the battery. If the problem persists,
cease use immediately and take battery and charger to your retailer or a Nikon-authorized
service representative.
Do not attempt to charge a fully-charged battery. Failure to observe this precaution will
result in reduced battery performance.
Use the charger with compatible batteries only. Unplug when not in use.
13
Attach a Lens
Care should be taken to prevent dust from entering the camera when the lens is
removed. The lens generally used in this manual for illustrative purposes is an AF-S
DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR.
Focal length mark
X
Focal length scale
Mounting mark
Lens cap
CPU contacts (0 168)
Rear lens cap
Focus ring (0 42, 87)
Zoom ring (0 24)
1
Turn the camera off.
2
Remove the rear lens cap and the
camera body cap.
3
Attach the lens.
A-M mode switch (see below)
Vibration reduction switch (0 15)
Keeping the mounting mark on the
lens aligned with the mounting mark
on the camera body, position the lens
in the camera’s bayonet mount (q).
Being careful not to press the lensrelease button, rotate the lens
counter-clockwise until it clicks into
place (w).
Slide the A-M mode switch to A
(autofocus; if the lens has an M/A-M
mode switch, select M/A for autofocus
with manual override).
D
Autofocus
Autofocus is supported with only AF-S and AF-I lenses, which are equipped with autofocus
motors. Autofocus is not available with other AF lenses (0 167).
14
❚❚ Vibration Reduction (VR)
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR lenses support vibration reduction (VR),
which reduces blur caused by camera shake even when the camera is panned,
allowing shutter speeds to be slowed by approximately 3 EV at a focal length of
55 mm (Nikon measurements; effects vary with the user and shooting conditions).
To use vibration reduction, slide the vibration reduction switch
to ON. Vibration reduction is activated when the shutter-release
button is pressed halfway, reducing the effects of camera shake
on the image in the viewfinder and simplifying the process of
framing the subject and focusing in both autofocus and manual
focus modes. When the camera is panned, vibration reduction
applies only to motion that is not part of the pan (if the camera
is panned horizontally, for example, vibration reduction will be
applied only to vertical shake), making it much easier to pan the
camera smoothly in a wide arc.
X
Vibration reduction can be turned off by sliding the vibration reduction switch to OFF.
Turn vibration reduction off when the camera is securely mounted on a tripod, but
leave it on if the tripod head is not secured or when using a monopod.
A
Detaching the Lens
Be sure the camera is off when removing or exchanging lenses. To
remove the lens, press and hold the lens release button (q) while
turning the lens clockwise (w). After removing the lens, replace the
lens caps and camera body cap.
D
CPU Lenses with Aperture Rings
In the case of CPU lenses equipped with an aperture ring (0 168), lock aperture at the
minimum setting (highest f-number).
D
Vibration Reduction
Do not turn the camera off or remove the lens while vibration reduction is in effect. If power
to the lens is cut while vibration reduction is on, the lens may rattle when shaken. This is not
a malfunction, and can be corrected by reattaching the lens and turning the camera on.
Vibration reduction is disabled while the built-in flash is charging. When vibration reduction
is active, the image in the viewfinder may be blurred after the shutter is released. This does
not indicate a malfunction; wait for the image in the viewfinder to stabilize before shooting.
15
Basic Setup
A language-selection dialog will be displayed the first time the camera is turned on.
Choose a language and set the time and date. Photographs can not be taken until
you have set the time and date.
1
X
Turn the camera on.
A language-selection dialog will be displayed.
2
Select a language.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight the desired language
and press J.
3
Choose a time zone.
A time-zone selection dialog will be displayed.
Press 4 or 2 to highlight the local time zone (the
UTC field shows the difference between the
selected time zone and Coordinated Universal
Time, or UTC, in hours) and press J.
4
Choose a date format.
Press 1 or 3 to choose the order in which the
year, month, and day will be displayed. Press J
to proceed to the next step.
5
Turn daylight saving time on or off.
Daylight saving time options will be displayed.
Daylight saving time is off by default; if daylight
saving time is in effect in the local time zone,
press 1 to highlight On and press J.
6
Set the date and time.
The dialog shown at right will be displayed.
Press 4 or 2 to select an item, 1 or 3 to change.
Press J to set the clock and exit to shooting
mode.
16
A
The Clock Battery
The camera clock is powered by an independent, rechargeable power source, which is
charged as necessary when the main battery is installed or the camera is powered by an
optional EP-5A power connector and EH-5b AC adapter (0 178). Three days of charging will
power the clock for about a month. If a message warning that the clock is not set is displayed
when the camera is turned on, the clock battery is exhausted and the clock has been reset.
Set the clock to the correct time and date.
A
The Camera Clock
The camera clock is less accurate than most watches and household clocks. Check the clock
regularly against more accurate time pieces and reset as necessary.
X
A
The Setup Menu
Language and date/time settings can be changed at any time using the Language (0 137)
and Time zone and date (0 137) options in the setup menu.
17
Insert a Memory Card
The camera stores pictures on Secure Digital (SD) memory cards (available separately;
0 177).
1
Turn the camera off.
A
Inserting and Removing Memory Cards
Always turn the camera off before inserting or removing memory cards.
X
2
Open the card slot cover.
Slide the card slot cover out (q) and open the
card slot (w).
3
Insert the memory card.
4GB
Holding the memory card as shown at right, slide
it in until it clicks into place. The memory card
access lamp will light for a few seconds. Close
the memory card slot cover.
Front
D
Inserting Memory Cards
Inserting memory cards upside down or backwards
could damage the camera or the card. Check to be
sure the card is in the correct orientation.
Memory card access
lamp
If this is the first time the memory card will be used in the camera or the card
has been formatted in another device, format the card as described on page 19.
A
4GB
Removing Memory Cards
After confirming that the memory card access lamp is off,
turn the camera off, open the memory card slot cover, and
press the card in to eject it (q). The card can then be
removed by hand (w).
The Write Protect Switch
SD memory cards are equipped with a write protect switch
to prevent accidental loss of data. When this switch is in the
“lock” position, the memory card can not be formatted and
photos can not be deleted or recorded (a beep will sound if
you attempt to release the shutter). To unlock the memory
card, slide the switch to the “write” position.
18
4GB
A
Write-protect switch
Format the Memory Card
Memory cards must be formatted before first use or after being formatted in other
devices. Format the card as described below.
D
Formatting Memory Cards
Formatting memory cards permanently deletes any data they may contain. Be sure to copy any
photographs and other data you wish to keep to a computer before proceeding (0 111).
X
1
Turn the camera on.
2
Display format options.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Format memory card in the setup
menu and press 2. For more information on
using the menus, see page 9.
G button
3
Highlight Yes.
To exit without formatting the memory card,
highlight No and press J.
4
Press J.
The message at right will be displayed while
the card is formatted. Do not remove the
memory card or remove or disconnect the
power source until formatting is complete.
D
Memory Cards
• Memory cards may be hot after use. Observe due caution when removing memory cards
from the camera.
• Turn the power off before inserting or removing memory cards. Do not remove memory
cards from the camera, turn the camera off, or remove or disconnect the power source
during formatting or while data are being recorded, deleted, or copied to a computer.
Failure to observe these precautions could result in loss of data or in damage to the
camera or card.
• Do not touch the card terminals with your fingers or metal objects.
• Do not bend, drop, or subject to strong physical shocks.
• Do not apply force to the card casing. Failure to observe this precaution could damage
the card.
• Do not expose to water, heat, high levels of humidity, or direct sunlight.
• Do not format memory cards in a computer.
19
Adjust Viewfinder Focus
The camera is equipped with diopter adjustment to accommodate individual
differences in vision. Check that the display in the viewfinder is in focus before
framing pictures in the viewfinder.
X
1
Remove the lens cap.
2
Turn the camera on.
3
Focus the viewfinder.
Rotate the diopter adjustment control until the
viewfinder display and focus point are in sharp
focus. When operating the control with your eye
to the viewfinder, be careful not to put your
fingers or fingernails in your eye.
Focus point
A
Adjusting Viewfinder Focus
If you are unable to focus the viewfinder as described above, select single-servo autofocus
(AF-S; 0 35), single-point AF (c; 0 38), and the center focus point (0 40), and then frame a
high-contrast subject in the center focus point and press the shutter-release button halfway
to focus the camera. With the camera in focus, use the diopter adjustment control to bring
the subject into clear focus in the viewfinder. If necessary, viewfinder focus can be further
adjusted using optional corrective lenses (0 176).
20
sBasic Photography
Battery Level and Card Capacity
Before shooting, check the battery level and number of exposures remaining.
1
Turn the camera on.
2
Check the battery level.
s
Check the battery level in the information
display (if the battery is low, a warning will also
be displayed in the viewfinder). If the monitor is
off, press the P button to view the information
display; if the monitor does not turn on, the
battery is exhausted and must be recharged.
Information display
L
K
H
H
(flashes)
3
Viewfinder
Description
—
Battery fully charged.
—
Battery partially discharged.
Low battery. Ready fully-charged spare battery or
d
prepare to charge battery.
Battery exhausted; shutter release disabled. Charge or
d
(flashes) exchange battery.
Check the number of exposures remaining.
The information display and viewfinder show the
number of photographs that can be taken at
current settings (values over 1,000 are rounded
down to the nearest hundred; e.g., values
between 1,200 and 1,299 are shown as 1.2 K). If a
warning is displayed stating that there is not
enough memory for additional photographs,
insert another memory card (0 18) or delete
some photos (0 106).
21
“Point-and-Shoot” Photography
(i and j Modes)
This section describes how to take photographs in i and j modes,
automatic “point-and-shoot” modes in which the majority of settings
are controlled by the camera in response to shooting conditions.
s
1
Turn the camera on.
Remove the lens cap and turn the camera on. The information display will
appear in the monitor.
2
Select i or j mode.
Mode dial
To shoot where use of a flash is prohibited,
photograph infants, or capture natural lighting
under low light, select auto (flash off) mode by
rotating the mode dial to j. Otherwise, rotate
the dial to i (auto).
3
Ready the camera.
When framing photographs in the
viewfinder, hold the handgrip in your
right hand and cradle the camera
body or lens with your left. Keep your
elbows propped lightly against your
torso for support and place one foot
half a pace ahead of the other to keep your upper body
stable. When framing photographs in portrait (tall)
orientation, hold the camera as shown at right.
In j mode, shutter speeds slow when lighting is poor; use
of a tripod is recommended.
4
Frame the photograph.
Frame a photograph in the viewfinder with the
main subject in at least one of the 11 focus
points.
Focus point
22
5
Press the shutter-release button halfway.
Press the shutter-release button halfway to
focus. The camera will select the focus points
automatically. If the subject is poorly lit, the flash
may pop up and the AF-assist illuminator may light.
6
Check the indicators in the viewfinder.
When the focus operation is complete, the
selected focus points will be briefly highlighted,
a beep will sound (a beep may not sound if the
subject is moving), and the in-focus indicator (I)
will appear in the viewfinder.
In-focus indicator
Description
I
Subject in focus.
Camera unable to focus using
I (flashes)
autofocus. See page 36.
s
In-focus
indicator
Buffer
capacity
While the shutter-release button is pressed halfway, the number of exposures
that can be stored in the memory buffer (“t”; 0 32) will be displayed in the
viewfinder.
7
Shoot.
Smoothly press the shutter-release button the
rest of the way down to release the shutter and
record the photograph. The memory card access
lamp will light and the photograph will be
displayed in the monitor for a few seconds (the
photo will automatically clear from the display
when the shutter-release button is pressed
halfway). Do not eject the memory card or remove
or disconnect the power source until the lamp has
gone out and recording is complete.
Memory card access
lamp
A
Image Sensor Cleaning
The camera vibrates the low-pass filter covering the image sensor to remove dust when the
camera is turned on or off (0 180).
23
A
The Shutter-Release Button
The camera has a two-stage shutter-release button. The camera focuses when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway. To take the photograph, press the shutter-release button
the rest of the way down.
s
Focus: press halfway
Shoot: press all the way down
A
The Standby Timer
The viewfinder and information display will turn off if no operations are performed for about
8 seconds, reducing the drain on the battery. Press the shutter-release button halfway to
reactivate the display. The length of time before the standby timer expires automatically can
be selected using the Auto off timers option in the setup menu (0 140).
Exposure meters on
Exposure meters off
Exposure meters on
A
The Built-in Flash
If additional lighting is required for correct exposure in i mode, the
built-in flash will pop up automatically when the shutter-release
button is pressed halfway (0 47). If the flash is raised, photographs
can only be taken when the flash-ready indicator (M) is displayed. If
the flash-ready indicator is not displayed, the flash is charging;
remove your finger briefly from the shutter-release button and try
again.
To save battery power when the flash is not in use, return it to its
closed position by pressing it gently downward till the latch clicks
into place.
A
Using a Zoom Lens
Use the zoom ring to zoom in on the subject so that it fills a
larger area of the frame, or zoom out to increase the area
visible in the final photograph (select longer focal lengths
on the lens focal length scale to zoom in, shorter focal
lengths to zoom out).
Zoom in
Zoom ring
Zoom out
24
Creative Photography (Scene Modes)
The camera offers a choice of “scene” modes. Choosing a scene
mode automatically optimizes settings to suit the selected scene,
making creative photography as simple as selecting a mode, framing
a picture, and shooting as described on pages 22–24.
The following scenes can be selected with the mode
dial:
Mode dial
s
k Portrait
Use for portraits with soft, natural-looking
skin tones. If the subject is far from the
background or a telephoto lens is used,
background details will be softened to
lend the composition a sense of depth.
l Landscape
Use for vivid landscape shots in daylight.
The built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator
turn off; use of a tripod is recommended to
prevent blur when lighting is poor.
p Child
Use for snapshots of children. Clothing
and background details are vividly
rendered, while skin tones remain soft and
natural.
25
m Sports
Fast shutter speeds freeze motion for
dynamic sports shots in which the main
subject stands out clearly. The built-in
flash and AF-assist illuminator turn off.
s
n Close up
Use for close-up shots of flowers, insects,
and other small objects (a macro lens can
be used to focus at very close ranges). Use
of a tripod is recommended to prevent
blur.
o Night Portrait
Use for a natural balance between the
main subject and the background in
portraits taken under low light. Use of a
tripod is recommended to prevent blur.
26
!Guide Mode
The Guide
Guide mode gives access to a variety of frequently-used and useful
functions. The top level of the guide is displayed when the mode dial
is rotated to g.
!
Battery indicator (0 21)
Number of exposures remaining (0 21)
Shooting mode: A guide mode indicator appears on the
shooting mode icon.
Choose from the following items:
Shoot
Take pictures.
View/delete
Set up
View and/or delete pictures. Change camera settings.
27
Guide Mode Menus
To access these menus, highlight Shoot, View/delete, or Set up and press J.
❚❚ Shoot
!
Easy operation
4 Auto
5 No flash
9 Distant subjects
! Close-ups
8 Sleeping faces
9 Moving subjects
7 Landscapes
6 Portraits
" Night portrait
Advanced operation
Soften backgrounds
#
Bring more into focus
Adjust aperture.
Freeze motion (people)
$ Freeze motion (vehicles) Select a shutter speed.
Show water flowing
Capture reds in sunsets *
Take bright photos *
% Take dark (low key)
photos *
Reduce blur
Adjust white balance to vividly capture
the colors in sunsets.
Adjust exposure compensation to take
bright (high key) or dark (low key)
photos.
Adjust auto ISO sensitivity control for
poorly lit subjects or telephoto lenses.
* Affects other Advanced operation items. To restore default settings, turn the camera off
and then on again.
“Start Shooting”
Highlight an option and press J.
• Use the viewfinder
• Use live view
• Shoot movies
“More Settings”
If More settings is displayed, you can highlight this option and
press 2 to access the following settings (the settings available
vary with the shooting option selected):
• Flash settings > Flash mode • ISO sensitivity settings >
Auto ISO sensitivity control
• Flash settings > Flash
• Set Picture Control
compensation
• Exposure compensation
• Release mode
• White balance
• ISO sensitivity settings >
ISO sensitivity
28
❚❚ View/Delete
View single photos
View a slide show
View multiple photos
Delete photos
Choose a date
❚❚ Set Up
Image quality
Image size
Auto off timers
Print date
Display and sound settings
Monitor brightness
Info background color
Auto info display
Beep
Movie settings
Frame size/frame rate
Movie quality
Microphone
Flicker reduction
Output settings
HDMI
Video mode
Playback folder
Playback display options
DPOF print order
Clock and language
Time zone and date
Language
Format memory card
Eye-Fi upload *
Slot empty release lock
!
* Only available when compatible Eye-Fi memory card is inserted (0 148).
Changes to Image quality, Image size, Auto off timers, Print date, Playback
folder, Playback display options, all Display and sound settings options, and all
Movie settings options except Flicker reduction apply in guide mode only and are
not reflected in other shooting modes.
A
Guide Mode
Guide mode is reset to Easy operation > Auto when the mode dial is rotated to another
setting or the camera is turned off.
29
Using the Guide
The following operations can be performed while the guide is displayed:
To
Use
Return to top
level of guide
Turn monitor
on
!
Description
Press G to turn the monitor on or return to the top level of
the guide.
G button
Highlight a
menu
Press 4 or 2 to highlight a menu.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight options in the menus.
Highlight
options
Press 1, 3, 4, or 2 to highlight
options in displays like that shown
at right.
Select
highlighted
menu or option
Press J to select the highlighted menu or option.
Press 4 to return to the previous display.
Return to
previous
display
To cancel and return to the previous
display from displays like that
shown at right, highlight & and
press J.
View help
W (Q) button
30
If a d icon is displayed at the
bottom left corner of the monitor,
help can be displayed by pressing
the W (Q) button. A description of
the currently selected option will be d (help) icon
displayed while the button is
pressed. Press 1 or 3 to scroll
through the display.
zMore on Photography (All Modes)
Release Mode
Choose from the following release modes:
Mode
Description
8 Single frame: Camera takes one photograph each time shutter-release button is pressed.
Continuous: While shutter-release button is held down, camera records up to 4 frames
I per second.
Self-timer: Use self-timer for self-portraits or to reduce blurring caused by camera shake
(0 33).
Delayed remote: Shutter is released 2 s after shutter-release button on optional ML-L3
" (0 177) remote control is pressed (0 33).
Quick-response remote: Shutter is released when shutter-release button on optional ML-L3
# (0 177) remote control is pressed (0 33).
Quiet shutter release: As for single frame, except that mirror does not click back into place
while shutter-release button is fully pressed, allowing user to control timing of click
J made by mirror, which is also quieter than in single frame mode. Also, beep does not
sound when camera focuses, keeping noise to a minimum in quiet surroundings.
E
1
z
Press I (E/#).
A list of release mode options will be
displayed.
I (E/#) button
2
Choose a release mode.
Highlight a release mode and press J to return
to the information display. Photographs can be
taken immediately.
31
A
The Memory Buffer
The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowing shooting to
continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card. Up to 100 photographs
can be taken in succession; note, however, that frame rate will drop when the buffer is full.
While photographs are being recorded to the memory card, the memory card access lamp
will light (0 2). Depending on the number of the images in the buffer, recording may take
from a few seconds to a few minutes. Do not remove the memory card or remove or disconnect
the power source until the access lamp has gone out. If the camera is switched off while data
remain in the buffer, the power will not turn off until all images in the buffer have been
recorded. If the battery is exhausted while images remain in the buffer, the shutter release
will be disabled and the images transferred to the memory card.
A
z
Continuous Release Mode
Continuous release mode (I) can not be used with the built-in flash; rotate the mode dial to
j (0 22) or turn the flash off (0 47–49). For information on the number of photographs
that can be taken in a single burst, see page 188.
A
Buffer Size
The approximate number of images that can be stored in the
memory buffer at current settings is shown in the viewfinder
exposure-count display while the shutter-release button is pressed. The illustration shows
the display when space remains in the buffer for about 19 pictures.
A
The Information Display
The release mode can also be selected using the Release mode
option in the information display (0 5).
32
Self-Timer and Remote Control Modes
The self-timer and optional ML-L3 remote control (0 177) allow the photographer to
be at a distance from the camera when a photo is taken.
1
Mount the camera on a tripod.
Mount the camera on a tripod or place the camera on a stable, level surface.
2
Select a release mode.
Select E (self-timer), " (delayed remote),
or # (quick-response remote) mode (0 31;
note that if no operations are performed for
about a minute after a remote control mode
is selected, the camera will automatically
I (E/#) button
return to single frame, continuous, or quiet
shutter-release mode).
3
z
Frame the photograph.
Remote control mode: Check focus by pressing the shutter-release button halfway.
No photograph will be taken even if the button is pressed all the way down.
4
Take the photograph.
Self-timer mode: Press the shutter-release button
halfway to focus, and then press the button the
rest of the way down. The self-timer lamp will
start to flash and a beep will begin to sound. Two
seconds before the photo is taken, the lamp will
stop flashing and the beeping will become more rapid. The shutter will be
released ten seconds after the timer starts.
Remote control mode: From a distance of 5 m (16 ft) or less,
aim the transmitter on the ML-L3 at either of the infrared
receivers on the camera (0 1, 2) and press the ML-L3
shutter-release button. In delayed remote mode, the selftimer lamp will light for about two seconds before the
shutter is released. In quick-response remote mode, the selftimer lamp will flash after the shutter has been released.
Note that the timer may not start or a photograph may not be taken if the camera is
unable to focus or in other situations in which the shutter can not be released.
Turning the camera off cancels self-timer and remote control release modes and
restores single frame, continuous, or quiet shutter-release mode.
33
D
Before Using the Remote Control
Before using the remote control for the first time, remove the clear plastic battery-insulator
sheet.
A
Cover the Viewfinder
When taking photos without your eye to the
viewfinder, remove the DK-20 rubber eyecup
(q) and insert the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap
as shown (w). This prevents light entering via
the viewfinder interfering with exposure. Hold
the camera firmly when removing the rubber
eyecup.
DK-20 rubber eyecup
q
DK-5 eyepiece cap
w
D
z
Using the Built-in Flash
Before taking a photograph with the flash in P, S, A, or M modes, press the M (Y) button to
raise the flash and wait for the M indicator to be displayed in the viewfinder (0 24). Shooting
will be interrupted if the flash is raised while a remote control mode is in effect or after the
self-timer has started. If the flash is required, the camera will only respond to the ML-L3
shutter-release button once the flash has charged. In auto or scene modes in which the flash
pops up automatically, the flash will begin charging when a remote control mode is
selected; once the flash is charged, it will automatically pop up and fire when required.
In flash modes that support red-eye reduction, the red-eye reduction lamp will light for
about one second before the shutter is released in quick-response remote mode. In delayed
remote mode, the self-timer lamp will light for two seconds, followed by the red-eye
reduction lamp which lights for one second before the shutter is released.
A
See Also
For information on choosing the duration of the self-timer and the number of shots taken,
see the Self-timer option in the setup menu (0 141). For information on choosing how
long the camera will wait for a signal from the remote, see the Remote on duration option
in the setup menu (0 141). For information on controlling the beeps that sound when the
self-timer and remote control are used, see the Beep option in the setup menu (0 141).
34
Focus
This section describes the focus options available when photographs are framed in
the viewfinder. Focus can be adjusted automatically or manually (see “Focus Mode,”
below). The user can also select the focus point for automatic or manual focus (0 42)
or use focus lock to focus to recompose photographs after focusing (0 40).
Focus Mode
Choose from the following focus modes. Note that AF-S and AF-C are available only in
modes P, S, A, and M.
Option
MF
Description
Camera automatically selects single-servo autofocus if subject is
Auto-servo
stationary, continuous-servo autofocus if subject is moving. Shutter can
AF
only be released if camera is able to focus.
Single-servo For stationary subjects. Focus locks when shutter-release button is
AF
pressed halfway. Shutter can only be released if camera is able to focus.
For moving subjects. Camera focuses continuously while shutterContinuousrelease button is pressed halfway. Shutter can only be released if
servo AF
camera is able to focus.
Manual focus Focus manually (0 42).
1
Place the cursor in the information display.
AF-A
AF-S
AF-C
z
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Information display
Display focus-mode options.
Highlight the current focus mode in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a focus mode.
Highlight a focus mode and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
35
A
Predictive Focus Tracking
In AF-C mode or when continuous-servo autofocus is selected in AF-A mode, the camera will
initiate predictive focus tracking if the subject moves toward the camera while the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway. This allows the camera to track focus while attempting to
predict where the subject will be when the shutter is released.
D
Continuous-servo Autofocus
In AF-C mode or when continuous-servo autofocus is selected in AF-A mode, the camera gives
higher priority to focus response (has a wider focus range) than in AF-S mode, and the shutter
may be released before the in-focus indicator is displayed.
A
z
Getting Good Results with Autofocus
Autofocus does not perform well under the conditions listed below. The shutter release may
be disabled if the camera is unable to focus under these conditions, or the in-focus indicator
(I) may be displayed and the camera may sound a beep, allowing the shutter to be released
even when the subject is not in focus. In these cases, focus manually (0 42) or use focus lock
(0 40) to focus on another subject at the same distance and then recompose the
photograph.
There is little or no contrast
between the subject and the
background.
The focus point contains
areas of sharply contrasting
brightness.
Example: Subject is the same
color as the background.
The focus point contains
objects at different distances
from the camera.
Example: Subject is half in
the shade.
Example: Subject is inside a
cage.
The subject is dominated by
regular geometric patterns.
Example: Blinds or a row of
windows in a skyscraper.
36
Background objects appear
larger than the subject.
Example: A building is in the
frame behind the subject.
The subject contains many
fine details.
Example: A field of flowers or
other subjects that are
small or lack variation in
brightness.
D
The AF-Assist Illuminator
If the subject is poorly lit, the AF-assist illuminator will light
AF-assist illuminator
automatically to assist the autofocus operation when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway. The AF-assist illuminator will not
light:
• In live view or during movie recording
• During manual focus or if live view is off and continuous-servo
autofocus is selected (AF-C selected for focus mode, or
continuous-servo AF selected in AF-A focus mode)
• If the center focus point is not selected in c (Single-point AF), d (Dynamic-area AF),
or f (3D-tracking (11 points)) AF-area mode (0 38, 40)
• In shooting modes in which the AF-assist illuminator can not be used (0 187)
• If Off has been selected for the Built-in AF-assist illuminator option in the shooting
menu (0 131)
The illuminator has a range of about 0.5–3.0 m (1 ft 8 in.–9 ft 10 in.); when using the
illuminator, use a lens with a focal length of 18–200 mm and remove the lens hood. The AFassist illuminator will turn off automatically to protect the lamp after a period of continuous
use. Normal function will resume after a brief pause. Note that the illuminator may become
hot when used multiple times in quick succession.
z
A
See Also
For information on focusing in live view, see page 81. The Beep option in the setup menu
(0 141) can be used to turn the beep speaker on or off.
37
AF-Area Mode
Choose how the focus point for autofocus is selected. Note that d (Dynamic-area
AF) and f (3D-tracking (11 points)) are not available when AF-S is selected for
focus mode.
Option
c
d
z
f
e
1
Description
User selects focus point using multi selector (0 40); camera focuses
Single-point AF
on subject in selected focus point only. Use with stationary subjects.
In AF-A and AF-C focus modes, user selects focus point using multi selector
(0 40), but camera will focus based on information from
Dynamic-area AF
surrounding focus points if subject briefly leaves selected point. Use
with erratically moving subjects.
In AF-A and AF-C focus modes, user selects focus point using multi selector
(0 40). If subject moves after camera has focused, camera uses 3Dtracking to select new focus point and keep focus locked on original
3D-tracking
(11 points)
subject while shutter-release button is pressed halfway. If subject
leaves viewfinder, remove your finger from shutter-release button
and recompose photograph with subject in selected focus point.
Auto-area AF
Camera automatically detects subject and selects focus point.
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Display AF-area mode options.
Highlight the current AF-area mode in the
information display and press J.
38
Information display
3
Choose an AF-area mode.
Highlight one of the following options and press
J. To return to shooting mode, press the shutterrelease button halfway.
z
A
AF-Area Mode
The AF-area mode used when photographs are framed in the
viewfinder can also be selected using the AF-area mode >
Viewfinder option in the shooting menu (0 127). AF-area mode
selections made in shooting modes other than P, S, A, or M are reset
when another shooting mode is selected.
A
3D-tracking (11 Points)
When the shutter-release button is pressed halfway, the colors in the area surrounding the
focus point are stored in the camera. Consequently 3D-tracking may not produce the
desired results with subjects that are the same color as the background.
A
See Also
For information on the AF-area modes available in live view, see page 82.
39
Focus Point Selection
In manual focus mode or when autofocus is combined with AF-area modes other
than e (Auto-area AF), you can choose from 11 focus points, making it possible to
compose photographs with the main subject almost anywhere in the frame.
1
Choose an AF-area mode other than e
(Auto-area AF; 0 38).
2
Select the focus point.
Use the multi selector to select the focus point in
the viewfinder or information display while the
exposure meters are on. Press J to select the
center focus point.
z
Focus point
Focus Lock
Focus lock can be used to change the composition after focusing in AF-A, AF-S, and AF-C
focus modes (0 35), making it possible to focus on a subject that will not be in a
focus point in the final composition. If the camera is unable to focus using autofocus
(0 36), focus lock can also be used to recompose the photograph after focusing on
another object at the same distance as your original subject. Focus lock is most
effective when an option other than e (Auto-area AF) is selected for AF-area mode
(0 38).
1
Focus.
Position the subject in the selected focus point
and press the shutter-release button halfway to
initiate focus. Check that the in-focus indicator
(I) appears in the viewfinder.
40
2
Lock focus.
AF-A and AF-C focus modes: With the shutter-release
button pressed halfway (q), press the A (L)
button (w) to lock both focus and exposure (an
AE-L icon will be displayed in the viewfinder;
0 61). Focus will remain locked while the A (L)
button is pressed, even if you later remove your
finger from the shutter-release button.
Shutter-release button
A (L) button
AF-S focus mode: Focus will lock automatically when the in-focus indicator
appears, and remain locked until you remove your finger from the shutterrelease button. Focus can also be locked by pressing the A (L) button (see
above).
3
z
Recompose the photograph and shoot.
Focus will remain locked between shots if you
keep the shutter-release button pressed halfway
(AF-S) or keep the A (L) button pressed,
allowing several photographs in succession to be
taken at the same focus setting.
Do not change the distance between the camera and the subject while focus
lock is in effect. If the subject moves, focus again at the new distance.
A
The A (L) Button
The Buttons > Assign AE-L/AF-L button option in the setup menu (0 143) controls the
behavior of the A (L) button.
41
Manual Focus
Manual focus can be used when you are not using an AF-S or AF-I lens or when
autofocus does not produce the desired results (0 36).
1
Set the lens focus-mode switch.
If the lens is equipped with an A-M or M/A-M mode
switch, slide the switch to M.
2
z
A-M
M/A-M
mode switch mode switch
Focus.
To focus manually, adjust the lens focus ring until the
image displayed on the clear matte field in the viewfinder
is in focus. Photographs can be taken at any time, even
when the image is not in focus.
❚❚ The Electronic Rangefinder
If the lens has a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster, the
viewfinder focus indicator can be used to confirm whether the
subject in the selected focus point is in focus (the focus point
can be selected from any of the 11 focus points). After
positioning the subject in the selected focus point, press the
shutter-release button halfway and rotate the lens focus ring
until the in-focus indicator (I) is displayed. Note that with the subjects listed on
page 36, the in-focus indicator may sometimes be displayed when the subject is not
in focus; confirm focus in the viewfinder before shooting.
42
A
Selecting Manual Focus with the Camera
If the lens supports M/A (autofocus with manual override), manual
focus can also be selected by setting the camera focus mode to MF
(manual focus; 0 35). Focus can then be adjusted manually,
regardless of the mode selected with the lens.
A
Focal Plane Position
To determine the distance between your subject and the camera,
measure from the focal plane mark on the camera body. The
distance between the lens mounting flange and the focal plane
is 46.5 mm (1.83 in.).
46.5 mm
Focal plane mark
The Exposure Indicator
If desired, the exposure indicator can be used to determine whether the focus point for
manual focus is in front of or behind the subject (0 142).
A
z
43
Image Quality and Size
Together, image quality and size determine how much space each photograph
occupies on the memory card. Larger, higher quality images can be printed at larger
sizes but also require more memory, meaning that fewer such images can be stored
on the memory card (0 188).
Image Quality
Choose a file format and compression ratio (image quality).
z
Option File type
Description
NEF (RAW) + NEF/ Two images are recorded: one NEF (RAW) image and one fine-quality JPEG
JPEG fine
JPEG image.
Raw 12-bit data from the image sensor are saved directly to the memory
NEF (RAW)
NEF card. Settings such as white balance and contrast can be adjusted after
shooting.
JPEG fine
Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 4 (fine quality).
JPEG normal JPEG Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 8 (normal quality).
JPEG basic
Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 16 (basic quality).
1
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Display image quality options.
Highlight the current image quality in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a file type.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
44
Information display
A
NEF (RAW) Images
Note that the option selected for image size does not affect the size of NEF (RAW) or NEF
(RAW)+JPEG images. Print date (0 144) is not available at image quality settings of NEF
(RAW) or NEF (RAW)+JPEG.
NEF (RAW) images can be viewed on the camera or using software such as Capture NX 2
(available separately; 0 176) or ViewNX 2 (available on the supplied ViewNX 2 CD). JPEG
copies of NEF (RAW) images can be created using the NEF (RAW) processing option in the
retouch menu (0 157).
A
NEF (RAW) + JPEG Fine
When photographs taken at NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine are viewed on the camera, only the
JPEG image will be displayed. When photographs taken at these settings are deleted, both
NEF and JPEG images will be deleted.
A
The Shooting Menu
Image quality can also be adjusted using the Image quality option
in the shooting menu (0 127).
z
A
The Fn Button
Image quality and size can also be adjusted by pressing the Fn button and rotating the
command dial (0 143).
45
Image Size
Image size is measured in pixels. Choose from the following options:
Size (pixels)
Print size (cm/in.) *
# Large
6,016 × 4,000
50.9 × 33.9/20.1 × 13.3
$ Medium
4,512 × 3,000
38.2 × 25.4/15 × 10
% Small
3,008 × 2,000
25.5 × 16.9/10 × 6.7
* Approximate size when printed at 300 dpi. Print size in inches equals image size in pixels
divided by printer resolution in dots per inch (dpi; 1 inch=approximately 2.54 cm).
Image size
1
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
z
P button
2
Information display
Display image size options.
Highlight the current image size in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose an image size.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
A
The Shooting Menu
Image size can also be adjusted using the Image size option in the
shooting menu (0 127).
A
The Fn Button
Image quality and size can also be adjusted by pressing the Fn button and rotating the
command dial (0 143).
46
Using the Built-in Flash
The camera supports a variety of flash modes for photographing poorly lit or backlit
subjects.
❚❚ Using the Built-in Flash: i, k, p, n, and o Modes
1
Choose a flash mode (0 48).
2
Take pictures.
The flash will pop up as required when the
shutter-release button is pressed halfway, and
fire when a photograph is taken. If the flash does
not pop up automatically, DO NOT attempt to raise it
by hand. Failure to observe this precaution could
damage the flash.
z
❚❚ Using the Built-in Flash: P, S, A, and M Modes
1
Raise the flash.
Press the M (Y) button to raise the flash.
2
Choose a flash mode (0 48).
3
Take pictures.
The flash will fire whenever a picture is taken.
M (Y) button
A
Lowering the Built-in Flash
To save power when the flash is not in use, press it gently downward
until the latch clicks into place.
47
Flash Mode
The flash modes available vary with shooting mode:
No
NYo
j
z
i, k, p, n
Auto
Auto+red-eye reduction
Flash off
NYr
Nr
j
o
Auto slow sync+red-eye
Auto slow sync
Flash off
P, A
S, M
N
Fill flash
N
Fill flash
NY
Red-eye reduction
NY
Red-eye reduction
NYp Slow sync+red-eye
Nq
Rear-curtain sync
Np
Slow sync
Nq *
Rear-curtain+slow sync
* p appears in information display when setting is complete.
1
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Display flash mode options.
Highlight the current flash mode in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a flash mode.
Highlight a mode and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
48
Information display
A
Flash Modes
The flash modes listed on the previous page may combine one or more of the following
settings, as shown by the flash mode icon:
• AUTO (auto flash): When lighting is poor or subject is back lit, flash pops up automatically
when shutter-release button is pressed halfway and fires as required.
• Y (red-eye reduction): Use for portraits. Red-eye reduction lamp lights before flash fires,
reducing “red-eye.”
• j (off): Flash does not fire even when lighting is poor or subject is back-lit.
• SLOW (slow sync): Shutter speed slows automatically to capture background lighting at night
or under low light. Use to include background lighting in portraits.
• REAR (rear-curtain sync): Flash fires just before shutter closes, creating a stream of light behind
moving light sources (below at right). If this icon is not displayed, flash will fire as the
shutter opens (front-curtain sync; the effect this produces with moving light sources is
shown below at left).
z
Front-curtain sync
Rear-curtain sync
A
Choosing a Flash Mode
The flash mode can also be
selected by pressing the M (Y)
button and rotating the
command dial (in P, S, A, and M
modes, raise the flash before
using the M (Y) button to
choose the flash mode).
+
M (Y) button
Command dial
Information display
A
The Built-in Flash
For information on the lenses that can be used with the built-in flash, see page 170. Remove
lens hoods to prevent shadows. The flash has a minimum range of 0.6 m (2 ft) and can not
be used in the macro range of zoom lenses with a macro function.
The shutter release may be briefly disabled to protect the flash after it has been used for
several consecutive shots. The flash can be used again after a short pause.
49
A
Shutter Speeds Available with the Built-in Flash
Shutter speed is restricted to the following ranges when the built-in flash is used:
Mode
Shutter speed
Mode
Shutter speed
1/200–1/60 s
1/200–30 s
S
i, p, n, P, A
1
1
1
k
/200– /30 s
M
/200–30 s, Bulb
1/200–1 s
o
Shutter speeds as slow as 30 s are available in slow sync, rear curtain + slow sync, and slow
sync + red-eye reduction modes.
A
Aperture, Sensitivity, and Flash Range
Flash range varies with sensitivity (ISO equivalency) and aperture.
z
50
100
1.4
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
200
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
Aperture at ISO equivalent of
400
800 1600 3200
2.8
4
5.6
8
4
5.6
8
11
5.6
8
11
16
8
11
16
22
11
16
22
32
16
22
32
—
22
32
—
—
32
—
—
—
6400
11
16
22
32
—
—
—
—
Approximate range
m
ft
1.0–8.5
3ft 3in.–27ft 11n.
0.7–6.0
2ft 4in.–19ft 8in.
0.6–4.2
2ft–13ft 9in.
0.6–3.0
2ft–9ft 10in.
0.6–2.1
2ft–6ft 11in.
0.6–1.5
2ft–4ft 11in.
0.6–1.1
2ft–3ft 7in.
0.6–0.7
2ft–2ft 4in.
ISO Sensitivity
“ISO sensitivity” is the digital equivalent of film speed. The higher the ISO sensitivity,
the less light needed to make an exposure, allowing higher shutter speeds or smaller
apertures, but the more likely the image is to be affected by noise (randomly-spaced
bright pixels, fog, or lines; noise is particularly likely at a setting of Hi 1, which is
equivalent to ISO 12800). Choosing Auto allows the camera to set ISO sensitivity
automatically in response to lighting conditions.
Mode
i, j
P, S, A, M
Other shooting modes
1
ISO sensitivity
Auto
100–6400 in steps of 1 EV; Hi 1
Auto; 100–6400 in steps of 1 EV; Hi 1
Place the cursor in the information display.
z
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Information display
Display ISO sensitivity options.
Highlight the current ISO sensitivity in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose an ISO sensitivity.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
51
A
AUTO
If the mode dial is rotated to P, S, A, or M after Auto is selected for ISO sensitivity in another
mode, the ISO sensitivity last selected in P, S, A, or M mode will be restored. Note that if the
ISO sensitivity selected by the user is higher than the value selected for the ISO sensitivity
settings > Auto ISO sensitivity control > Maximum sensitivity option in the shooting
menu, the value selected for Maximum sensitivity (0 129) will be used instead.
A
The Shooting Menu
ISO sensitivity can also be adjusted using the ISO sensitivity
settings option in the shooting menu (0 127).
A
z
52
See Also
For information on enabling auto ISO sensitivity control in P, S, A, or M modes, see page 129.
For information on using the Noise reduction option in the shooting menu to reduce noise
at high ISO sensitivities, see page 131. For information on using the Fn button and the
command dial to select ISO sensitivity, see page 143.
tP, S, A, and M Modes
Shutter Speed and Aperture
P, S, A, and M modes offer different degrees of control over shutter
speed and aperture:
Mode
Description
Camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure.
Programmed auto
Recommended for snapshots and in other situations in which
(0 54)
there is little time to adjust camera settings.
Shutter-priority auto User chooses shutter speed; camera selects aperture for best
(0 55)
results. Use to freeze or blur motion.
User chooses aperture; camera selects shutter speed for best
Aperture-priority auto
results. Use to blur background or bring both foreground and
(0 56)
background into focus.
User controls both shutter speed and aperture. Set shutter speed
Manual (0 57)
to “Bulb” or “Time” for long time-exposures.
P
S
A
M
t
D
Lens Aperture Rings
When using a CPU lens equipped with an aperture ring (0 168), lock the aperture ring at the
minimum aperture (highest f-number). Type G lenses are not equipped with an aperture
ring.
A
Shutter Speed and Aperture
The same exposure can be achieved with different combinations of shutter speed and
aperture. Fast shutter speeds and large apertures freeze moving objects and soften
background details, while slow shutter speeds and small apertures blur moving objects and
bring out background details.
Shutter speed
Fast shutter speed
(1/1,600 s)
Slow shutter speed
(1 s)
Aperture
Large aperture (f/5.6) Small aperture (f/22)
(Remember, the higher the f-number, the
smaller the aperture.)
53
Mode P (Programmed Auto)
In this mode, the camera automatically adjusts shutter speed and aperture for
optimal exposure in most situations. This mode is recommended for snapshots and
other situations in which you want to leave the camera in charge of shutter speed
and aperture. To take photographs in programmed auto:
1
Rotate the mode dial to P.
2
Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.
Mode dial
t
A
Flexible Program
In mode P, different combinations of shutter speed
and aperture can be selected by rotating the
command dial (“flexible program”). Rotate the dial to
the right for large apertures (low f-numbers) that
blur background details or fast shutter speeds that
“freeze” motion. Rotate the dial to the left for small
apertures (high f-numbers) that increase depth of
Command dial
field or slow shutter speeds that blur motion. All
combinations produce the same exposure. While flexible program is in effect, a U (R)
indicator appears in the viewfinder and information display. To restore default shutter speed
and aperture settings, rotate the command dial until the indicator is no longer displayed,
choose another mode, or turn the camera off.
54
Mode S (Shutter-Priority Auto)
In shutter-priority auto, you choose the shutter speed while the camera
automatically selects the aperture that will produce the optimal exposure. Use slow
shutter speeds to suggest motion by blurring moving subjects, fast shutter speeds to
“freeze” motion.
Fast shutter speed (1/1,600 s)
Slow shutter speed (1 s)
To take photographs in shutter-priority auto:
1
Rotate the mode dial to S.
Mode dial
t
2
Choose a shutter speed.
Shutter speed is shown in the viewfinder
and information display. Rotate the
command dial to choose the desired shutter
speed from values between 30 s and 1/4,000 s.
Command dial
3
Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.
55
Mode A (Aperture-Priority Auto)
In aperture-priority auto, you choose the aperture while the camera automatically
selects the shutter speed that will produce the optimal exposure. Large apertures
(low f-numbers) reduce depth of field, blurring objects behind and in front of the
main subject. Small apertures (high f-numbers) increase depth of field, bringing out
details in the background and foreground. Short field depths are generally used in
portraits to blur background details, long field depths in landscape photographs to
bring the foreground and background into focus.
Large aperture (f/5.6)
Small aperture (f/22)
To take photographs in aperture-priority auto:
t
1
Rotate the mode dial to A.
2
Choose an aperture.
Aperture is shown in the viewfinder and
information display. Rotate the command
dial to choose the desired aperture from
values between the minimum and
maximum for the lens.
3
56
Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.
Mode dial
Command dial
Mode M (Manual)
In manual exposure mode, you control both shutter speed and aperture. To take
photographs in manual exposure mode:
1
Rotate the mode dial to M.
2
Choose aperture and shutter speed.
Mode dial
Checking the exposure indicator (see below), adjust shutter speed and
aperture. Shutter speed is selected by rotating the command dial: choose from
values between 30 s and 1/4,000 s or select “Bulb” or “Time” to hold the shutter
open indefinitely for a long time-exposure (0 58). Aperture is selected by
pressing the E (N) button and rotating the command dial: choose from values
between the minimum and maximum for the lens. Shutter speed and aperture
are shown in the viewfinder and information display.
Shutter speed
Command
dial
3
t
Aperture
E (N) button
Command
dial
Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.
A
The Exposure Indicator
If a CPU lens is attached and a shutter speed other than “Bulb” or “Time” is selected, the
exposure indicator in the viewfinder and information display shows whether the
photograph would be under- or over-exposed at current settings (the illustrations below
show the display in the viewfinder). The displays will flash if the limits of the exposure
metering system are exceeded.
Optimal exposure
Underexposed by 1/3 EV
Overexposed by over 2 EV
57
❚❚ Long Time-Exposures (M Mode Only)
Select the following shutter speeds for long timeexposures of moving lights, the stars, night
scenery, or fireworks.
• Bulb (A): The shutter remains open while
the shutter-release button is held down. To
prevent blur, use a tripod or an optional
MC-DC2 remote cord (0 177).
• Time (&): Requires an optional ML-L3 remote
control (0 177). Start the exposure by pressing
the ML-L3 shutter-release button. The shutter
remains open for thirty minutes or until the
button is pressed a second time.
1
Length of exposure: 35 s
Aperture: f/25
Ready the camera.
Mount the camera on a tripod or place it on a stable, level surface. To prevent
light entering via the viewfinder interfering with exposure, remove the rubber
eyecup and cover the viewfinder with the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap (0 34).
To prevent loss of power before the exposure is complete, use a fully charged
EN-EL14 battery or an optional EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5A power connector.
Note that noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be
present in long exposures; before shooting, choose On for Noise reduction in
the shooting menu (0 131).
t
2
Rotate the mode dial to M.
3
Choose a shutter speed.
Mode dial
Rotate the command dial to choose a
shutter speed of Bulb (A). For a shutter
speed of “Time” (&), select a remote control
release mode (0 33) after choosing the
shutter speed.
Command dial
58
4
Open the shutter.
Bulb: After focusing, press the shutter-release button on the camera or optional
remote cord all the way down. Keep the shutter-release button pressed until
the exposure is complete.
Time: Press the ML-L3 shutter-release button all the way down.
5
Close the shutter.
Bulb: Take your finger off the shutter-release button.
Time: Press the ML-L3 shutter-release button all the way down. Shooting ends
automatically after thirty minutes.
t
59
Exposure
Metering
Choose how the camera sets exposure in P, S, A, and M modes (in other modes, the
camera selects the metering method automatically).
Method
L
Matrix
metering
Center-
M weighted
metering
t
N
1
Spot
metering
Description
Produces natural results in most situations. Camera uses 420-pixel RGB sensor
to meter a wide area of the frame and set exposure according to tone
distribution, color, composition, and, with type G or D lenses (0 168), distance
information (3D color matrix metering II; with other CPU lenses, the camera uses
color matrix metering II, which does not include 3D distance information).
Camera meters entire frame but assigns greatest weight to center area. Classic
meter for portraits; recommended when using filters with an exposure factor
(filter factor) over 1×.
Camera meters current focus point; use to meter off-center subjects (if e Autoarea AF is selected for AF-area mode during viewfinder photography as
described on page 38, camera will meter center focus point). Ensures that subject
will be correctly exposed, even when background is much brighter or darker.
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Display metering options.
Highlight the current metering method in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a metering method.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
60
Information display
Autoexposure Lock
Use autoexposure lock to recompose photographs after using M (Center-weighted
metering) and N (Spot metering) to meter exposure; note that autoexposure lock is
not available in i or j mode.
1
Meter exposure.
Position the subject in the center of the frame
(center-weighted metering) or the selected focus
point (spot metering) and press the shutterrelease button halfway to set focus and meter
exposure. Check that the in-focus indicator (I)
appears in the viewfinder.
2
Lock exposure.
With the shutter-release button pressed halfway (q) and
the subject positioned in the focus point, press the A (L)
button (w) to lock exposure.
Shutter-release
button
t
A
Autoexposure Lock
If On is selected for Buttons > Shutter-release button AE-L in
the setup menu (0 144), exposure will lock when the shutterrelease button is pressed halfway. For information on
changing the role of the A (L) button, see Buttons > Assign
AE-L/AF-L button.
A (L) button
While exposure lock is in effect, an AE-L indicator will
appear in the viewfinder.
3
Recompose the photograph.
Keeping the A (L) button pressed, recompose
the photograph and shoot.
61
A
The Shooting Menu
Metering can also be adjusted using the Metering option in the
shooting menu (0 127).
A
Adjusting Shutter Speed and Aperture
While exposure lock is in effect, the following settings can be adjusted without altering the
metered value for exposure:
Mode
Programmed auto
Shutter-priority auto
Aperture-priority auto
Setting
Shutter speed and aperture (flexible program; 0 54)
Shutter speed
Aperture
The metering method itself can not be changed while exposure lock is in effect.
t
62
Exposure Compensation
Exposure compensation is used to alter exposure from the value suggested by the
camera, making pictures brighter or darker. It is most effective when used with
M (Center-weighted metering) or N (Spot metering) (0 60). Choose from values
between –5 EV (underexposure) and +5 EV (overexposure) in increments of 1/3 EV. In
general, positive values make the subject brighter while negative values make it
darker.
–1 EV
1
No exposure compensation
+1 EV
t
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Information display
Display exposure compensation options.
Highlight exposure compensation in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a value.
Highlight a value and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Normal exposure can be restored by setting exposure compensation to ±0. Exposure
compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.
63
A The E (N) Button
Exposure compensation can also be
set by pressing the E (N) button and
rotating the command dial. The
selected value is shown in the
viewfinder and information display.
E (N) button Command dial
–0.3 EV
+2 EV
A
Mode M
In mode M, exposure compensation affects only the exposure indicator; shutter speed and
aperture do not change.
A
t
64
Using a Flash
When a flash is used, exposure compensation affects both background exposure and flash
level.
Flash Compensation
Flash compensation is used to alter flash output from the level suggested by the
camera, changing the brightness of the main subject relative to the background.
Choose from values between –3 EV (darker) and +1 EV (brighter) in increments of
1/3 EV; in general, positive values make the subject brighter while negative values
make it darker.
1
Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Information display
Display flash compensation options.
t
Highlight flash compensation in the information
display and press J.
3
Choose a value.
Highlight a value and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Normal flash output can be restored by setting flash compensation to ±0. Flash
compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.
65
A The M (Y) and E (N) Buttons
Flash compensation can also be set by
rotating the command dial while
pressing the M (Y) and E (N) buttons.
The selected value is shown in the
viewfinder and information display.
M (Y) button
–0.3 EV
t
66
A
E (N) button
Command dial
+1 EV
Optional Flash Units
Flash compensation is also available with optional flash units that support the Nikon
Creative Lighting System (CLS; see page 173). The SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, and
SB-600 also allow flash compensation to be set using the controls on the flash unit. The flash
compensation selected with the optional flash unit is added to the flash compensation
selected with the camera.
Preserving Detail in Highlights and
Shadows
Active D-Lighting
When On is selected, the camera automatically adjusts Active D-Lighting during
shooting to preserve details in highlights and shadows, creating photographs with
natural contrast. Use for high contrast scenes, for example when photographing
brightly lit outdoor scenery through a door or window or taking pictures of shaded
subjects on a sunny day. It is most effective when used with L Matrix metering
(0 60).
t
Active D-Lighting: Off
1
Active D-Lighting: On
Display Active D-Lighting options.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Active D-Lighting in the shooting
menu and press 2.
G button
2
Choose an option.
Highlight On or Off and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
67
D
Active D-Lighting
Noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) may appear in photographs taken with
Active D-Lighting. Uneven shading may be visible with some subjects. Active D-Lighting
can not be used at an ISO sensitivity of Hi 1.
A
“Active D-Lighting” Versus “D-Lighting”
The Active D-Lighting option in the shooting menu adjusts exposure before shooting to
optimize the dynamic range, while the D-Lighting option in the retouch menu (0 151)
optimizes dynamic range in images after shooting.
A
See Also
For information on using the Fn button and command dial to turn Active D-Lighting on and
off, see page 143.
t
68
White Balance
White balance ensures that colors are unaffected by the color of the light source.
Auto white balance is recommended for most light sources; in P, S, A, and M modes,
other values can be selected if necessary according to the type of source:
v
J
I
H
N
G
M
L
1
Option
Auto
Incandescent
Fluorescent
Direct sunlight
Flash
Cloudy
Shade
Preset manual
Description
Automatic white balance adjustment. Recommended in most situations.
Use under incandescent lighting.
Use with the light sources listed on page 70.
Use with subjects lit by direct sunlight.
Use with the flash.
Use in daylight under overcast skies.
Use in daylight with subjects in the shade.
Measure white balance or copy white balance from existing photo (0 72).
Place the cursor in the information display.
t
If shooting information is not displayed in
the monitor, press the P button. Press the
P button again to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
2
Information display
Display white balance options.
Highlight the current white balance setting in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a white balance option.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
69
A
The Shooting Menu
White balance can be selected using the White balance option in
the shooting menu (0 127), which also can be used to fine-tune
white balance (0 71) or measure a value for preset white balance
(0 72).
The I Fluorescent option in the White balance menu can be used
to select the light source from the bulb types shown at right.
A
t
Color Temperature
The perceived color of a light source varies with the viewer and other conditions. Color
temperature is an objective measure of the color of a light source, defined with reference to
the temperature to which an object would have to be heated to radiate light in the same
wavelengths. While light sources with a color temperature in the neighborhood of 5,000–
5,500 K appear white, light sources with a lower color temperature, such as incandescent
light bulbs, appear slightly yellow or red. Light sources with a higher color temperature
appear tinged with blue. The camera white balance options are adapted to the following
color temperatures:
• I (sodium-vapor lamps): 2,700 K
• H (direct sunlight): 5,200 K
• J (incandescent)/
• N (flash): 5,400 K
I (warm-white fluorescent): 3,000 K
• G (cloudy): 6,000 K
• I (white fluorescent): 3,700 K
• I (daylight fluorescent): 6,500 K
• I (cool-white fluorescent): 4,200 K
• I (high temp. mercury-vapor): 7,200 K
• I (day white fluorescent): 5,000 K
• M (shade): 8,000 K
A
The Fn Button
For information on using the Fn button and the command dial to select a white balance
option, see page 143.
70
Fine-Tuning White Balance
White balance can be “fine-tuned” to compensate for variations in the color of the
light source or to introduce a deliberate color cast into an image. White balance is
fine-tuned using the White balance option in the shooting menu.
1
Display white balance options.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight White balance in the shooting
menu and press 2 to display white balance
options.
G button
2
Select a white balance option.
Highlight an option other than Preset
manual and press 2 (if Fluorescent is
selected, highlight a lighting type and press
2). The fine-tuning options shown at right
will be displayed. Fine-tuning is not
available with Preset manual white balance.
3
Fine-tune white balance.
Use the multi selector to fine-tune white
balance.
t
Coordinates
Adjustment
Increase green
Increase
blue
Increase
amber
Increase magenta
A
White Balance Fine-Tuning
The colors on the fine-tuning axes are relative, not absolute. For example, moving the
cursor to B (blue) when a “warm” setting such as J (incandescent) is selected will
make photographs slightly “colder” but will not actually make them blue.
4
Save changes and exit.
Press J.
71
Preset Manual
Preset manual is used to record and recall custom white balance settings for shooting
under mixed lighting or to compensate for light sources with a strong color cast. Two
methods are available for setting preset white balance:
Method
Description
Neutral gray or white object is placed under lighting that will be used in final photo
Measure
and white balance measured by camera (see below).
Use photo White balance is copied from photo on memory card (0 75).
❚❚ Measuring a Value for Preset White Balance
1
Light a reference object.
Place a neutral gray or white object under the lighting that will be used in the
final photograph.
t
2
Display white balance options.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight White balance in the shooting
menu and press 2 to display white balance
options. Highlight Preset manual and press
2.
G button
3
Select Measure.
Highlight Measure and press 2. The menu
shown at right will be displayed; highlight
Yes and press J.
The message shown at right will be
displayed before the camera enters preset
measurement mode.
When the camera is ready to measure white
balance, a flashing D (L) will appear in
the viewfinder and information display.
72
4
Measure white balance.
Before the indicators stop flashing, frame the
reference object so that it fills the viewfinder
and press the shutter-release button all the
way down. No photograph will be recorded;
white balance can be measured accurately
even when the camera is not in focus.
5
Check the results.
If the camera was able to measure a value for
white balance, the message shown at right
will be displayed and a will flash in the
viewfinder for about eight seconds before
the camera returns to shooting mode. To
return to shooting mode immediately, press
the shutter-release button halfway.
t
If lighting is too dark or too bright, the
camera may be unable to measure white
balance. A message will appear in the
information display and a flashing b a
will appear in the viewfinder for about eight
seconds. Return to Step 4 and measure
white balance again.
73
D
Measuring Preset White Balance
If no operations are performed while the displays are flashing, direct measurement mode
will end in the time selected for the Auto off timers option in the setup menu (0 140). The
default setting is eight seconds.
D
Preset White Balance
The camera can store only one value for preset white balance at a time; the existing value will
be replaced when a new value is measured. Note that exposure is automatically increased
by 1 EV when measuring white balance; when shooting in mode M, adjust exposure so that
the exposure indicator shows ±0 (0 57).
A
Other Methods for Measuring Preset White Balance
To enter preset measurement mode (see above) after selecting preset white balance in the
information display (0 69), press J for a few seconds. If white balance has been assigned to
the Fn button (0 143) and preset white balance selected by pressing the Fn button and
rotating the command dial, the camera will also enter preset measurement mode if the Fn
button is pressed for a few seconds.
t
74
A
Studio Settings
In studio settings, a standard gray panel can be used as a reference object when measuring
preset white balance.
❚❚ Copying White Balance from a Photograph
Follow the steps below to copy a value for white balance from a photograph on the
memory card.
1
Select Preset manual.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight White balance in the shooting
menu and press 2 to display white balance
options. Highlight Preset manual and press
2.
G button
2
Select Use photo.
Highlight Use photo and press 2.
t
3
Choose Select image.
Highlight Select image and press 2 (to skip
the remaining steps and use the image last
selected for preset white balance, select This
image).
4
Choose a folder.
Highlight the folder containing the source
image and press 2.
5
Highlight the source image.
To view the highlighted image full frame,
press and hold the X button.
6
Copy white balance.
Press J to set preset white balance to the
white balance value for the highlighted
photograph.
75
Picture Controls
Nikon’s unique Picture Control system makes it possible to share image processing
settings, including sharpening, contrast, brightness, saturation, and hue, among
compatible devices and software.
Selecting a Picture Control
The camera offers six Picture Controls. In P, S, A, and M modes, you can choose a
Picture Control according to the subject or type of scene (in other modes, the camera
selects a Picture Control automatically).
Option
t
Description
Standard processing for balanced results. Recommended for most
Q Standard
situations.
Minimal processing for natural results. Choose for photographs that will later
R Neutral
be extensively processed or retouched.
Pictures are enhanced for a vivid, photoprint effect. Choose for photographs
S Vivid
that emphasize primary colors.
T Monochrome Take monochrome photographs.
e Portrait
Process portraits for skin with natural texture and a rounded feel.
f Landscape Produces vibrant landscapes and cityscapes.
1
Display Picture Controls.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight Set Picture Control in the
shooting menu and press 2 to display a list
of Picture Controls.
G button
2
Choose a Picture Control.
Highlight an option and press J.
76
Modifying Picture Controls
Picture Controls can be modified to suit the scene or the user’s creative intent.
Choose a balanced combination of settings using Quick adjust, or make manual
adjustments to individual settings.
1
Display the Picture Control menu.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight Set Picture Control in the
shooting menu and press 2.
G button
2
Select a Picture Control.
Highlight the desired Picture Control and
press 2.
3
t
Adjust settings.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight the desired setting
and press 4 or 2 to choose a value (0 78).
Repeat this step until all settings have been
adjusted, or select Quick adjust to choose a
preset combination of settings. Default
settings can be restored by pressing the O
button.
4
Save changes and exit.
Press J.
A
Modifications to Original Picture Controls
Picture Controls that have been modified from default settings are
indicated by an asterisk (“*”).
77
Picture Control Settings
Option
Manual adjustments
(all Picture Controls)
Description
Choose from options between –2 and +2 to reduce or exaggerate the effect
of the selected Picture Control (note that this resets all manual adjustments).
Quick adjust
For example, choosing positive values for Vivid makes pictures more vivid.
Not available with Neutral or Monochrome Picture Controls.
Control the sharpness of outlines. Select A to adjust sharpening
Sharpening automatically according to the type of scene, or choose from values between
0 (no sharpening) and 9 (the higher the value, the greater the sharpening).
Select A to adjust contrast automatically according to the type of scene, or
choose from values between –3 and +3 (choose lower values to prevent
Contrast
highlights in portrait subjects from being “washed out” in direct sunlight,
higher values to preserve detail in misty landscapes and other low-contrast
subjects).
Choose –1 for reduced brightness, +1 for enhanced brightness. Does not
Brightness
affect exposure.
Manual adjustments Manual adjustments
(non-monochrome only) (monochrome only)
t
D
Control the vividness of colors. Select A to adjust saturation automatically
Saturation according to the type of scene, or choose from values between –3 and +3
(lower values reduce saturation and higher values increase it).
Hue
Choose negative values (to a minimum of –3) to make reds more purple,
blues more green, and greens more yellow, positive values (up to +3) to
make reds more orange, greens more blue, and blues more purple.
Filter
effects
Simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome photographs. Choose
from Off, yellow, orange, red, and green (0 79).
Toning
Choose the tint used in monochrome photographs from B&W (black-andwhite), Sepia, Cyanotype (blue-tinted monochrome), Red, Yellow, Green,
Blue Green, Blue, Purple Blue, Red Purple (0 79).
“A” (Auto)
Results for auto sharpening, contrast, and saturation vary with exposure and the position of
the subject in the frame.
78
A
The Picture Control Grid
Pressing the X button in Step 3 displays a Picture Control grid
showing the contrast and saturation for the selected Picture Control
in relation to the other Picture Controls (only contrast is displayed
when Monochrome is selected). Release the X button to return to
the Picture Control menu.
The icons for Picture Controls that use auto contrast and saturation
are displayed in green in the Picture Control grid, and lines appear
parallel to the axes of the grid.
A
Previous Settings
The line under the value display in the Picture Control setting menu
indicates the previous value for the setting. Use this as a reference
when adjusting settings.
t
A
Filter Effects (Monochrome Only)
The options in this menu simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome photographs.
The following filter effects are available:
Option
Description
Y Yellow Enhances contrast. Can be used to tone down the brightness of the sky in
O Orange landscape photographs. Orange produces more contrast than yellow, red
R
Red more contrast than orange.
G Green Softens skin tones. Can be used for portraits.
Note that the effects achieved with Filter effects are more pronounced than those
produced by physical glass filters.
A
Toning (Monochrome Only)
Pressing 3 when Toning is selected displays saturation options.
Press 4 or 2 to adjust saturation. Saturation control is not available
when B&W (black-and-white) is selected.
79
x
Live View
Framing Photographs in the Monitor
Follow the steps below to take photographs in live view.
1
Press the a button.
The mirror will be raised and the view through
the lens will be displayed in the camera monitor.
The subject will no longer be visible in the
viewfinder.
a button
2
Position the focus point.
Position the focus point over your subject as
described on page 83.
x
Focus point
3
Focus.
Press the shutter-release button halfway. The
focus point will flash green while the camera
focuses. If the camera is able to focus, the focus
point will be displayed in green; if the camera is unable to focus, the focus point
will flash red (note that pictures can be taken even when the focus point flashes
red; check focus in the monitor before shooting). Except in i and j modes,
exposure can be locked by pressing the A (L) button.
4
Take the picture.
Press the shutter-release button the rest of the
way down. The monitor turns off and the
memory card access lamp lights during
recording. Do not remove the battery or memory
card or unplug the optional AC adapter until
Memory card access lamp
recording is complete. When shooting is
complete, the photograph will be displayed in the monitor for a few seconds or
until the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. The camera will then return
to live view mode. To exit, press the a button.
80
Focusing in Live View
Follow the steps below to choose focus and AF-area modes and position the focus
point.
❚❚ Choosing a Focus Mode
The following focus modes are available in live view:
Option
Description
For stationary subjects. Focus locks when shutter-release button is
AF-S Single-servo AF
pressed halfway.
For moving subjects. Camera focuses continuously until shutterAF-F Full-time-servo AF release button is pressed. Focus locks when shutter-release
button is pressed halfway.
MF Manual focus
Focus manually (0 42).
1
Place the cursor in the information
display.
Press the P button to place the cursor in the
information display.
x
P button
2
Display focus options.
Highlight the current focus mode in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose a focus option.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to live
view, press P.
81
❚❚ Choosing an AF-Area Mode
In modes other than i and j, the following AF-area modes can be selected in live
view:
Option
8
9
!
"
1
Description
The camera automatically detects and focuses on portrait
Face-priority AF
subjects. Use for portraits.
Use for hand-held shots of landscapes and other non-portrait
Wide-area AF
subjects. Use the multi selector to select the focus point.
Use for pin-point focus on a selected spot in the frame. A tripod is
Normal-area AF
recommended.
Subject-tracking AF Track a selected subject as it moves through the frame.
Place the cursor in the information
display.
Press the P button to place the cursor in the
information display.
P button
x
2
Display AF-area modes.
Highlight the current AF-area mode in the
information display and press J.
3
Choose an AF-area mode.
Highlight an option and press J. To return to live
view, press P.
82
❚❚ Choosing the Focus Point
The method for selecting the focus point for autofocus
varies with the option selected for AF-area mode
(0 82).
8 (face-priority AF): A double yellow border will be
displayed when the camera detects a portrait subject
(if multiple faces, up to a maximum of 35, are detected,
the camera will focus on the closest subject; to choose
a different subject, use the multi selector). If the
camera can no longer detect the subject (because, for
example, the subject has turned to face away from the
camera), the border will no longer be displayed.
Focus point
9/! (wide- and normal-area AF): Use the multi selector to
move the focus point anywhere in the frame, or press
J to position the focus point in the center of the
frame.
x
Focus point
" (subject-tracking AF): Position the focus point over
your subject and press J. The focus point will track
the selected subject as it moves through the frame. To
end focus tracking, press J a second time.
Focus point
D
Subject Tracking
The camera may be unable to track subjects if they move quickly, leave the frame or are
obscured by other objects, change visibly in size, color, or brightness, or are too small, too
large, too bright, too dark, or similar in color or brightness to the background.
83
❚❚ The Live View Display
y u
q
w
e
r
i
o
!0
t
!1
!2
:
Item
x
q Shooting mode
The mode currently selected with the mode dial.
w “No movie” icon
Indicates that movies can not be recorded.
The amount of time remaining before live view ends
automatically. Displayed if shooting will end in 30 s or less.
e Time remaining
Microphone
r sensitivity
t Sound level
y Focus mode
u AF-area mode
Time remaining
i (movie mode)
Movie frame
o size
Manual movie
!0 settings
indicator
!1 Focus point
Exposure
!2 indicator
84
Description
Microphone sensitivity for movie recording.
0
22, 25,
53
88
86, 91
90
Sound level for audio recording. Displayed in red if level is too
high; adjust microphone sensitivity accordingly. Left (L) and
right (R) channel indicators appear when optional ME-1 or
other stereo microphone is used.
The current focus mode.
The current AF-area mode.
81
82
The recording time remaining in movie mode.
88
The frame size of movies recorded in movie mode.
90
Displayed when On is selected for Manual movie settings in
mode M.
91
The current focus point. The display varies with the option
selected for AF-area mode (0 82).
Indicates whether the photograph would be under- or overexposed at current settings (mode M only).
90
83
57
A
Live View/Movie Recording Display Options
Press the R button to cycle through display options as shown below.
Circled areas indicate edges of movie frame crop
Show photo
indicators
Show movie
indicators (0 88) *
Hide indicators*
Framing grid*
* A crop showing the area recorded is displayed during movie recording when frame sizes
other than 640 × 424 are selected for Movie settings > Frame size/frame rate in the
shooting menu (0 90; the area outside the movie frame crop is grayed out when movie
indicators are displayed).
A
Automatic Scene Selection (Scene Auto Selector)
If live view is selected in i or j mode, the camera will automatically analyze the subject and
select the appropriate shooting mode when autofocus is enabled. The selected mode is
shown in the monitor (0 84).
t
u
v
w
r
s
Portrait
Landscape
Close up
Night portrait
Auto
Auto (flash off)
x
Human portrait subjects
Landscapes and cityscapes
Subjects close to the camera
Portrait subjects framed against a dark background
Subjects suited to i or j mode or that do not fall into the categories
listed above
A
Exposure
Depending on the scene, exposure may differ from that which would be obtained when live
view is not used. Metering in live view is adjusted to suit the live view display, producing
photographs with exposure close to what is seen in the monitor. In P, S and A modes,
exposure can be adjusted by ±5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV (0 63). Note that the effects of
values over +3 EV or under –3 EV can not be previewed in the monitor.
85
A
HDMI
When the camera is attached to an HDMI video device, the
camera monitor will remain on and the video device will display
the view through the lens as shown at right. If the device
supports HDMI-CEC, select Off for the HDMI > Device control
option in the setup menu (0 124) before shooting in live view.
D
Shooting in Live View Mode
To prevent light entering via the viewfinder from interfering with exposure, remove the
rubber eyecup and cover the viewfinder with the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap before
shooting (0 34).
Although they will not appear in the final picture, distortion may be visible in the monitor if
the camera is panned horizontally or an object moves at high speed through frame. Bright
light sources may leave after-images in the monitor when the camera is panned. Bright
spots may also appear. Flicker and banding visible in the monitor under fluorescent,
mercury vapor, or sodium lamps can be reduced using Flicker reduction (0 136), although
they may still be visible in the final photograph at some shutter speeds. When shooting in
live view mode, avoid pointing the camera at the sun or other strong light sources. Failure to
observe this precaution could result in damage to the camera’s internal circuitry.
x
Live view ends automatically if the lens is removed, the mode dial is rotated to g, or the
mode dial is rotated from g to another setting.
Live view may end automatically to prevent damage to the camera’s internal circuits; exit live
view when the camera is not in use. Note that the temperature of the camera’s internal
circuits may rise and noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be
displayed in the following instances (the camera may also become noticeably warm, but this
does not indicate a malfunction):
• The ambient temperature is high
• The camera has been used for extended periods in live view or to record movies
• The camera has been used in continuous release mode for extended periods
If live view does not start when you press the a button, wait for the internal circuits to cool
and then try again.
D
The Count Down Display
A count down will be displayed 30 s before live view ends automatically (0 84; the timer turns
red 5 s before the auto off timer expires (0 140) or if live view is about to end to protect the
internal circuits). Depending on shooting conditions, the timer may appear immediately
when live view is selected. Note that although the count down does not appear in the
information display or during playback, live view will still end automatically when the timer
expires.
86
D
Using Autofocus in Live View
Autofocus is slower in live view and the monitor may brighten or darken while the camera
focuses. The camera may be unable to focus in the following situations:
• The subject contains lines parallel to the long edge of the frame
• The subject lacks contrast
• The subject in the focus point contains areas of sharply contrasting brightness, or the
subject is lit by spot lighting or by a neon sign or other light source that changes in
brightness
• Flicker or banding appears under fluorescent, mercury-vapor, sodium-vapor, or similar
lighting
• A cross (star) filter or other special filter is used
• The subject appears smaller than the focus point
• The subject is dominated by regular geometric patterns (e.g., blinds or a row of windows
in a skyscraper)
• The subject is moving
Note that the focus point may sometimes be displayed in green when the camera is unable
to focus.
A
Manual Focus
To focus in manual focus mode (0 42), rotate the
lens focus ring until the subject is in focus.
To magnify the view in the monitor up to about 9.4 ×
for precise focus, press the X button. While the view
through the lens is zoomed in, a navigation window
will appear in a gray frame at the bottom right corner
of the display. Use the multi selector to scroll to
areas of the frame not visible in the monitor
(available only if 9 (Wide-area AF) or ! (NormalX button
area AF) is selected for AF-area mode), or press
W (Q) to zoom out.
x
Navigation window
87
y
Recording and Viewing Movies
Recording Movies
Movies can be recorded in live view mode.
1
Press the a button.
The mirror is raised and the view through the lens is
displayed in the monitor instead of the viewfinder.
D The 0 Icon
A 0 icon (0 84) indicates that movies can not be recorded.
A
a button
Before Recording
Set aperture before recording in mode A or M.
2
Focus.
Frame the opening shot and focus as described in Steps 2
and 3 of “Framing Photographs in the Monitor” (0 80; see
also “Focusing in Live View” on pages 0 81–83). Note that
the number of subjects that can be detected in facepriority AF drops during movie recording.
y
3
Start recording.
Press the movie-record button to start recording. A
recording indicator and the time available are displayed in
the monitor. Except in i and j modes, exposure can be
locked by pressing the A (L) button (0 61) or (in modes
P, S, and A) altered by up to ±3 EV in steps of 1/3 EV using
exposure compensation (0 63; note that depending on
the brightness of the subject, changes to exposure may
have no visible effect).
Movie-record button
Recording indicator
Time remaining
88
4
End recording.
Press the movie-record button again to end recording. Recording will end
automatically when the maximum length is reached, the memory card is full,
another mode is selected, or the lens is removed.
A
Taking Photographs During Movie Recording
To end movie recording, take a photograph, and exit to live view, press the shutter-release
button all the way down and hold it in this position until the shutter is released.
A
Maximum Length
Each movie file can be up to 4 GB in size and 20 minutes long; note that depending on
memory card write speed, shooting may end before this length is reached (0 177).
D
Recording Movies
Flicker, banding, or distortion may be visible in the monitor and in the final movie under
fluorescent, mercury vapor, or sodium lamps or if the camera is panned horizontally or an
object moves at high speed through frame (flicker and banding can be reduced using
Flicker reduction; 0 136). Bright light sources may leave after-images when the camera is
panned. Jagged edges, color fringing, moiré, and bright spots may also appear. Bright
bands may appear in some areas of the frame if the subject is briefly illuminated by a strobe
or other bright, momentary light source. When recording movies, avoid pointing the camera
at the sun or other strong light sources. Failure to observe this precaution could result in
damage to the camera’s internal circuitry.
y
The camera can record both video and sound; do not cover the microphone on the front of
the camera during recording. Note that the built-in microphone may record lens noise
during autofocus and vibration reduction.
Flash lighting can not be used during movie recording.
Live view may end automatically to prevent damage to the camera’s internal circuits; exit live
view when the camera is not in use. Note that the temperature of the camera’s internal
circuits may rise and noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be
displayed in the following instances (the camera may also become noticeably warm, but this
does not indicate a malfunction):
• The ambient temperature is high
• The camera has been used for extended periods in live view or to record movies
• The camera has been used in continuous release mode for extended periods
If live view does not start when you press the a button, wait for the internal circuits to cool
and then try again.
Matrix metering is used regardless of the metering method selected. Shutter speed and ISO
sensitivity are adjusted automatically unless On is selected for Manual movie settings
(0 91) and the camera is in mode M.
A
See Also
For information on the indicators displayed in live view, see page 84. For information on
choosing focus and AF-area modes, see page 81. See page 87 for information on focusing in
live view.
89
Movie Settings
Use the Movie settings option in the shooting menu to adjust the following settings.
• Frame size/frame rate, Movie quality: Choose from the following options. The
frame rate depends on the option currently selected for Video mode in the setup
menu (0 136):
Frame size/frame rate
Frame size (pixels)
r
s
k
l
o
n
p
1920 × 1080
1280 × 720
640 × 424
Frame rate 1
30p 2
25p 3
24p
60p 2
50p 3
30p 2
25p 3
Movie quality
Maximum bit rate (Mbps)
(★ high quality/Normal)
Maximum length
24/12
20 min.
5/3
1 Listed value. Actual frame rates for 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and
23.976 fps respectively.
2 Available when NTSC is selected for Video mode (0 136).
3 Available when PAL is selected for Video mode.
y
• Microphone: Turn the built-in or optional ME-1 stereo microphones (0 91, 177)
on or off or adjust microphone sensitivity. Choose Auto sensitivity to adjust
sensitivity automatically, Microphone off to turn sound recording off; to select
microphone sensitivity manually, select Manual sensitivity and choose a
sensitivity.
A
HDMI and Other Video Devices
When the camera is connected to a video device, the device will
display the indicators shown at right. The camera monitor does
not show the sound level, and the R can not be used to hide or
display indicators in the monitor or on the video device. If the
device supports HDMI-CEC, select Off for the HDMI > Device
control option in the setup menu (0 124) before shooting in
live view.
90
• Manual movie settings: Choose On to allow manual
adjustments to shutter speed and ISO sensitivity when the
camera is in mode M. Shutter speed can be set to values as
fast as 1/4,000 s; the slowest speed available varies with the
frame rate: 1/30 s for frame rates of 24p, 25p, and 30p, 1/50 s for
50p, and 1/60 s for 60p. ISO sensitivity can be set to values
between ISO 200 and Hi 1 (0 51). If shutter speed and ISO sensitivity are not in
these ranges when live view starts, they will automatically be set to supported
values, and remain at these values when live view ends. Note that ISO sensitivity is
fixed at the value selected; the camera does not adjust ISO sensitivity
automatically when On is selected for ISO sensitivity settings > Auto ISO
sensitivity control in the shooting menu (0 129).
1
Select Movie settings.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Movie settings in the shooting
menu and press 2.
G button
2
Choose movie options.
Highlight the desired item and press 2, then
highlight an option and press J.
y
A
Using an External Microphone
The optional ME-1 stereo microphone (0 177) can be used to record sound in stereo or to
reduce noise caused by lens vibration being recorded during autofocus.
D The Count-Down Display
A count down will be displayed 30 s before live view ends automatically (0 84). Depending
on shooting conditions, the timer may appear immediately when movie recording begins.
Note that regardless of the amount of recording time available, live view will still end
automatically when the timer expires. Wait for the internal circuits to cool before resuming
movie recording.
91
Viewing Movies
Movies are indicated by a 1 icon in full-frame playback (0 97). Press J to start
playback.
1 icon
Length
Current position/total length
Volume
Movie progress bar
Guide
The following operations can be performed:
To
Pause
Play
y
Use
Description
Pause playback.
Resume playback when movie is paused or during rewind/
advance.
Advance/
rewind
Speed increases with each press, from 2× to 4× to 8× to 16×;
keep pressed to skip to beginning or end of movie (first frame is
indicated by h in top right corner of monitor, last frame by i).
If playback is paused, movie rewinds or advances one frame at
a time; hold for continuous rewind or advance.
Skip 10 s
Rotate the command dial to skip ahead or back 10 s.
Adjust volume
Edit movie
Return to fullframe playback
Exit to shooting
mode
A
X/W (Q) Press X to increase volume, W (Q) to decrease.
A (L) To edit movie, press A (L) while movie is paused (0 93).
/K Press 1 or K to exit to full-frame playback.
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor will turn off;
photographs can be taken immediately.
The 2 Icon
2 is displayed in full-frame and movie playback if the movie was
recorded without sound.
92
Editing Movies
Trim footage to create edited copies of movies or save selected frames as JPEG stills.
Option
f Choose start/end point
g Save selected frame
Description
Create a copy from which the opening or closing footage has
been removed.
Save a selected frame as a JPEG still.
Trimming Movies
To create trimmed copies of movies:
1
Display a movie full frame.
Press the K button to display pictures full
frame in the monitor and press 4 and 2 to
scroll through pictures until the movie you
wish to edit is displayed.
K button
2
Choose a starting or end point.
Play the movie back as described on page
92, pressing J to start and resume playback
and 3 to pause. Your approximate position
in the movie can be ascertained from the
movie progress bar.
3
y
Movie progress bar
Display movie edit options.
Press the A (L) button to display movie
edit options.
A (L) button
93
4
Select Choose start/end point.
Highlight Choose start/end point and press
J.
The dialog shown at right will be displayed;
choose whether the current frame will be
the starting or end point of the copy and
press J.
5
Delete frames.
If the desired frame is not currently
displayed, press 4 or 2 to advance or
rewind (to skip to 10 s ahead or back, rotate
the command dial). To switch the current
selection from start point (w) to end point (x) A (L) button
or vice versa, press A (L).
Once you have selected the start point and/
or end point, press 1. All frames before the
selected start point and after the selected
end point will be removed from the copy.
y
6
Save the copy.
Highlight one of the following and press J:
• Save as new file: Save the copy to a new file.
• Overwrite existing file: Replace the original
movie file with the edited copy.
• Cancel: Return to Step 5.
• Preview: Preview the copy.
Except in the photo information “image only” page (0 98), edited copies are
indicated by a f icon in full-frame playback.
94
D
Trimming Movies
Movies must be at least two seconds long. If a copy can not be created at the current
playback position, the current position will be displayed in red in Step 5 and no copy will be
created. The copy will not be saved if there is insufficient space available on the memory
card.
Copies have the same time and date of creation as the original.
A
The Retouch Menu
Movies can also be edited using the Edit movie option
in the retouch menu (0 149).
y
95
Saving Selected Frames
To save a copy of a selected frame as a JPEG still:
1
View the movie and choose a frame.
Play the movie back as described on page
92; your approximate position in the movie
can be ascertained from the movie progress
bar. Pause the movie at the frame you
intend to copy.
2
Display movie edit options.
Press the A (L) button to display movie
edit options.
A (L) button
3
Choose Save selected frame.
Highlight Save selected frame and press J.
y
4
Create a still copy.
Press 1 to create a still copy of the current
frame.
5
Save the copy.
Highlight Yes and press J to create a finequality (0 44) JPEG copy of the selected
frame. Except in the photo information
“image only” page (0 98), movie stills are
indicated by a f icon in full-frame playback.
A
Save Selected Frame
JPEG movie stills created with the Save selected frame option can not be retouched. JPEG
movie stills lack some categories of photo information (0 98).
96
IPlayback and Deletion
Full-Frame Playback
To play photographs back, press the K button.
The most recent photograph will be displayed in
the monitor.
K button
To
Use
Description
View additional
photographs
Press 2 to view photographs in order recorded, 4 to view
photographs in reverse order.
View additional
photo info
Change photo info displayed (0 98).
View thumbnails
W (Q)
See page 102 for more information on the thumbnail
display.
Zoom in on
photograph
X
See page 104 for more information on playback zoom.
Delete images
O
Change protect
status
A (L)
Return to
shooting mode
Retouch photo or
play movie
Confirmation dialog will be displayed. Press O again to
delete photo.
To protect image, or to remove protection from protected
image, press A (L) button (0 105).
I
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor will turn off;
photographs can be taken immediately.
Create retouched copy of current photograph (0 149). If
current picture is marked with 1 icon to show that it is a
movie, pressing J starts movie playback (0 92).
97
Photo Information
Photo information is superimposed on images displayed in full-frame playback.
Press 1 or 3 to cycle through photo information as shown below. Note that “image
only”, shooting data, RGB histograms, highlights, and overview data are only
displayed if corresponding option is selected for Playback display options >
Additional photo info (0 126). GPS data are only displayed if a GP-1 was used when
the photo was taken.
1/ 12
1/ 12
NIKON D3200
LATITUDE
LONGITUDE
1/ 250 F11
+1. 0
–1. 3
100
35mm
ALTITUDE
TIME(UTC)
:N
: 35 º 36. 371'
:E
: 1 39 º 43. 696'
: 35m
: 15/04/2012
: 01:15:29
AUTO A6, M1
100D3200
DSC _0001. JPG
15/04/2012 10 : 02 : 27
100D3200 DSC_0001. JPG
15/04/2012 10 : 02 : 27
N OR
ORMAL
AL
6016x4000
File information
None (image only)
NORMAL
NOR
6016x4000
Overview
N I KON D3200
MTR, SPD, AP.
EXP. MODE, I SO
FOCAL LENGTH
LENS
AF / VR
FLASH TYPE
SYNC MODE
,
1/ 12
N I KON D3200
Highlights
I
RGB histogram
1/12
GPS data
N I KON D3200
: , 1/ 250 ,F11
: , 100
: –1. 3
: 35mm
: 18–55
/ 3. 5–5. 6
: A / VR–On
: Bu i l t – i n
:
: TTL-BL, +1. 0
1/12
Shooting data
❚❚ File Information
1 2
3
1/12
100D3200
DSC _0001. JPG
15/04/2012 10 : 02 : 27
9
7
8
N OR
ORMAL
AL
6016x4000
6
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Protect status..........................................................105
Retouch indicator .................................................150
Frame number/total number of images
File name..................................................................188
Image quality ........................................................... 44
Image size.................................................................. 46
Time of recording...........................................16, 137
Date of recording...........................................16, 137
Folder name............................................................146
1
2
3
4
5
Protect status..........................................................105
Retouch indicator .................................................150
Image highlights
Camera name
Frame number/total number of images
❚❚ Highlights *
1 2
3
H i g h l i g ht s
N I KON D3200
4
1/12
5
* Flashing areas indicate highlights (areas that may be overexposed).
98
❚❚ RGB Histogram
5
6
1 Retouch indicator................................................. 150
2 Protect status ......................................................... 105
3 White balance...........................................................69
7
1
2
3
4
8
N I KON D3200
1/ 12
4
5
9
6
7
8
9
White balance fine-tuning................................71
Preset manual .......................................................72
Camera name
Histogram (RGB channel). In all histograms,
horizontal axis gives pixel brightness, vertical
axis number of pixels.
Histogram (red channel)
Histogram (green channel)
Histogram (blue channel)
Frame number/total number of images
A
Playback Zoom
To zoom in on the photograph when the histogram is
displayed, press X. Use the X and W (Q) buttons to zoom
in and out and scroll the image with the multi selector. The
histogram will be updated to show only the data for the
portion of the image visible in the monitor.
I
A
Histograms
Camera histograms are intended as a guide only and may differ from those displayed in
imaging applications. Some sample histograms are shown below:
If the image contains objects with a wide range of
brightnesses, the distribution of tones will be relatively
even.
If the image is dark, tone distribution will be shifted to the
left.
If the image is bright, tone distribution will be shifted to
the right.
Increasing exposure compensation shifts the distribution of tones to the right, while
decreasing exposure compensation shifts the distribution to the left. Histograms can
provide a rough idea of overall exposure when bright ambient lighting makes it difficult to
see photographs in the monitor.
99
❚❚ Shooting Data
1 Protect status ........................................................... 105
2 Retouch indicator................................................... 150
3 Metering ...................................................................... 60
1 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
MTR, SPD, AP.
EXP. MODE, I SO
FOCAL LENGTH
LENS
AF / VR
FLASH TYPE
SYNC MODE,
,
: , 1/ 250 ,F11
: , 100
: – 1. 3
: 35mm
: 18 – 55
/ 3. 5–5. 6
: A / VR– On
: Bu i l t – i n
:
: TTL-BL, + 1 . 0
N I KON D3200
WHI TE BALANCE
COLOR SPACE
PI CTURE CTRL
QUI CK ADJUST
SHARPEN ING
CONTRAST
BR I GHTNESS
SATURAT ION
HUE
1/12
: AUTO, A6, M1
23
24
25
I
26
10
11
1/12
NOI SE REDUC. : H I I SO, LOW
ACT . D–L I GHT. : AUTO
: D– L I GHT I NG
RETOUCH
WARM F I L T ER
CYANOTYPE
TR I M
: SPR I NG HAS COME.
COMMENT
N I KON D3200
13
5
6
7
8
9
: s RGB
: STANDARD
:0
:3
:0
:0
:0
:0
N I KON D3200
4
12
13
14
15
16
17
1/12
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
100
Shutter speed ..................................................... 55, 57
Aperture....................................................................... 57
Shooting mode .....................................22, 25, 27, 53
ISO sensitivity 1 .......................................................... 51
Exposure compensation ........................................ 63
Focal length.............................................................. 171
Lens data
Focus mode ......................................................... 35, 81
Lens VR (vibration reduction) 2 ............................ 15
Flash type .................................................................. 132
Commander mode 3
Flash mode ................................................................. 48
Flash control............................................................. 132
Flash compensation ................................................ 65
Camera name
Frame number/total number of images
White balance ............................................................ 69
White balance fine-tuning................................. 71
Preset manual......................................................... 72
Color space ............................................................... 130
Picture Control........................................................... 76
Quick adjust 4 ............................................................. 78
Original Picture Control 5 ....................................... 77
Sharpening ................................................................. 78
Contrast........................................................................ 78
Brightness ................................................................... 78
Saturation 6 ................................................................. 78
Filter effects 7 .............................................................. 78
Hue 6 .............................................................................. 78
Toning 7 ........................................................................ 78
Noise reduction....................................................... 131
Active D-Lighting 8 ................................................... 67
Retouch history....................................................... 149
Image comment ..................................................... 138
Displayed in red if photo was taken with auto ISO sensitivity control on.
Displayed only if VR lens is attached.
Displayed only if photo was taken using optional flash unit with commander function.
Standard, Vivid, Portrait, and Landscape Picture Controls only.
Neutral and Monochrome Picture Controls only.
Not displayed with monochrome Picture Controls.
Monochrome Picture Controls only.
AUTO is displayed if photo was taken with Active D-Lighting on.
❚❚ Overview Data
1
2
3
NIKON D3200
1/ 12
4
12 13
5
1/ 250 F11
–1. 3
+1. 0
100
26
25
35mm
–1. 3
14
1/ 250 F11
+1. 0
24
100D3200 DSC_0001. JPG
15/04/2012 10 : 02 : 27
11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
10
9
8
NOR
ORMAL
6016x4000
15
23 22
16
17
100
35mm
18
19
21
20
6
7
Frame number/total number of images
Protect status........................................................... 105
Camera name
Retouch indicator................................................... 150
Histogram showing the distribution of tones in
the image (0 99).
Image quality..............................................................44
Image size ....................................................................46
File name ................................................................... 188
Time of recording............................................ 16, 137
Date of recording ............................................ 16, 137
Folder name ............................................................. 146
Metering .......................................................................60
Shooting mode .....................................22, 25, 27, 53
Shutter speed ......................................................55, 57
Aperture ................................................................56, 57
ISO sensitivity 1 ...........................................................51
Focal length.............................................................. 171
GPS data indicator ................................................. 147
Image comment indicator .................................. 138
Active D-Lighting 2 ....................................................67
Picture Control ...........................................................76
Color space ............................................................... 130
Flash mode ..................................................................48
White balance.............................................................69
White balance fine-tuning.....................................71
Preset manual.............................................................72
25 Flash compensation .................................................65
Commander mode 3
26 Exposure compensation.........................................63
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
I
1 Displayed in red if photo was taken with ISO sensitivity auto control on.
2 AUTO is displayed if photo was taken with Active D-Lighting on.
3 Displayed only if photo was taken using optional flash unit with commander function.
❚❚ GPS Data *
1 2
3
LATITUDE
4
LONGITUDE
5
6
ALTITUDE
TIME(UTC)
7
N I KON D3200
:N
: 35 º 36. 371'
:E
: 1 39 º 43. 696'
: 35m
: 15/04/2012
: 01:15:29
1/12
8
1 Protect status........................................................... 105
2 Retouch indicator................................................... 150
3 Latitude
4 Longitude
5 Altitude
6 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)
7 Camera name
8 Frame number/total number of images
* Data for movies are for start of recording.
101
Thumbnail Playback
To display images in “contact sheets” of four, nine, or 72 images, press the W (Q)
button.
W (Q)
W (Q)
X
Full-frame
playback
To
Display more
images
Display fewer
images
Thumbnail playback
Use
W (Q)
X
Highlight images
I
View highlighted
image
Delete
highlighted
photo
Change protect
status of
highlighted
photo
Return to
shooting mode
102
X
Calendar
playback
Description
Press W (Q) button to increase the number of images
displayed.
Press X button to reduce the number of images displayed.
When four images are displayed, press to view highlighted
image full frame.
Use multi selector or command dial to highlight images for
full-frame playback, playback zoom (0 104), deletion
(0 106), or protection (0 105).
Press J to display the highlighted image full frame.
O
See page 106 for more information.
A (L)
See page 105 for more information.
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor will turn off;
photographs can be taken immediately.
Calendar Playback
To view images taken on a selected date, press the W (Q) button when 72 images are
displayed.
Thumbnail list
W (Q)
W (Q)
X
X
Date list
Full-frame
playback
Thumbnail playback
Calendar
playback
The operations can be performed depend on whether the cursor is in the date list or
the thumbnail list:
To
Toggle between date
list and thumbnail list
Exit to thumbnail
playback/Zoom in on
highlighted photo
Use
W (Q)
X
Description
Press W (Q) button in date list to place cursor in
thumbnail list. Press again to return to date list.
• Date list: Exit to 72-frame playback.
• Thumbnail list: Press and hold X button to zoom in on
highlighted picture.
Highlight dates/
Highlight images
• Date list: Highlight date.
• Thumbnail list: Highlight picture.
Toggle full frame
playback
• Date list: View pictures taken on selected date.
• Thumbnail list: View highlighted picture.
Delete highlighted
photo(s)
Change protect
status of highlighted
photo
Return to shooting
mode
O
A (L)
I
• Date list: Delete all pictures taken on selected date.
• Thumbnail list: Delete highlighted picture (0 106).
See page 105 for more information.
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor will turn
off; photographs can be taken immediately.
103
Taking a Closer Look: Playback Zoom
Press the X button to zoom in on the image displayed in full-frame playback or on the
image currently highlighted in thumbnail or calendar playback. The following
operations can be performed while zoom is in effect:
To
Use
Description
Press X to zoom in to maximum of
approximately 38× (large images), 28×
Zoom in or out X / W (Q) (medium images) or 19× (small
images). Press W (Q) to zoom out.
While photo is zoomed in, use multi
selector to view areas of image not
visible in monitor. Keep multi selector pressed to scroll rapidly
View other
to other areas of frame. Navigation window is displayed when
areas of image
zoom ratio is altered; area currently visible in monitor is
indicated by yellow border.
Select/zoom in
on or out from
faces
P+
Rotate command dial to view same location in other images at
current zoom ratio. Playback zoom is cancelled when a
movie is displayed.
View other
images
I
Cancel zoom
Change protect
status
Return to
shooting mode
104
Faces (up to 35) detected during zoom
are indicated by white borders in
navigation window. Press P and 1 or
3 to zoom in or out; press P and 4 or
2 to view other faces.
Cancel zoom and return to full-frame playback.
A (L)
See page 105 for more information.
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor will turn off;
photographs can be taken immediately.
Protecting Photographs from Deletion
In full-frame, zoom, thumbnail, and calendar playback, the A (L) button can be
used to protect photographs from accidental deletion. Protected files can not be
deleted using the O button or the Delete option in the playback menu. Note that
protected images will be deleted when the memory card is formatted (0 19).
To protect a photograph:
1
Select an image.
Display the image in full-frame playback or playback zoom or highlight it in the
thumbnail list in thumbnail or calendar playback.
Full-frame playback
2
Thumbnail playback
Calendar playback
Press the A (L) button.
The photograph will be marked with a P
icon. To remove protection from the
photograph so that it can be deleted,
display the photograph or highlight it in the
thumbnail list and then press the A (L)
A (L) button
button.
I
A
Removing Protection from All Images
To remove protection from all images in the folder or folders currently selected in the
Playback folder menu (0 125), press the A (L) and O buttons together for about two
seconds during playback.
105
Deleting Photographs
To delete the photograph displayed in full-frame playback or the photograph
highlighted in the thumbnail list, press the O button. To delete multiple selected
photographs, all photographs taken on a selected date, or all photographs in the
current playback folder, use the Delete option in the playback menu. Once deleted,
photographs can not be recovered.
Full-Frame, Thumbnail, and Calendar Playback
1
Select an image.
Display the image or highlight it in the thumbnail list in thumbnail or calendar
playback.
2
Press the O button.
A confirmation dialog will be displayed.
O button
I
Full-frame playback
3
Thumbnail playback
Calendar playback
(thumbnail list)
Press the O button again.
To delete the photograph, press the O
button again. To exit without deleting the
photograph, press the K button.
A
Calendar Playback
During calendar playback, you can delete all photographs taken on a selected date by
highlighting the date in the date list and pressing the O button (0 103).
106
The Playback Menu
The Delete option in the playback menu contains the following options. Note that
depending on the number of images, some time may be required for deletion.
Option
Description
Q Selected
Delete selected pictures.
n Select date Delete all pictures taken on a selected date.
R All
Delete all pictures in the folder currently selected for playback (0 125).
❚❚ Selected: Deleting Selected Photographs
1
Select Delete.
To display the menus, press the G button.
Highlight Delete in the playback menu and
press 2.
G button
2
Choose Selected.
Highlight Selected and press 2.
3
I
Highlight a picture.
Use the multi selector to highlight a picture
(to view the highlighted picture full screen,
press and hold the X button).
4
Select the highlighted picture.
Press the W (Q) button to select the
highlighted picture. Selected pictures are
marked by a O icon. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to
select additional pictures; to deselect a
picture, highlight it and press W (Q).
W (Q) button
5
Press J to complete the operation.
A confirmation dialog will be displayed;
highlight Yes and press J.
107
❚❚ Select Date: Deleting Photographs Taken on a Selected Date
1
Choose Select Date.
In the delete menu, highlight Select date
and press 2.
2
Highlight a date.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight a date.
To view the pictures taken on the
highlighted date, press W (Q). Use the multi
selector to scroll through the pictures, or
press and hold X to view the current picture
full screen. Press W (Q) to return to the date
list.
W (Q) button
3
Select the highlighted date.
Press 2 to select all pictures taken on the
highlighted date. Selected dates are marked
with a M icon. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to select
additional dates; to deselect a date,
highlight it and press 2.
I
4
Press J to complete the operation.
A confirmation dialog will be displayed;
highlight Yes and press J.
108
Slide Shows
The Slide show option in the playback menu is used to display a slide show of the
pictures in the current playback folder (0 125).
1
Select Slide show.
To display the slide show menu, press the
G button and select Slide show in the
playback menu.
G button
2
Adjust slide show settings.
To choose the type of images in the show,
select Image type and choose from Still
images and movies, Still images only, and
Movies only.
To choose how long still images are displayed,
select Frame interval and choose from the
options shown at right.
I
To choose the transition between still images, select Transition effects and
choose from the following options:
• Zoom/fade: Frames fade into one another with a zoom effect.
• Cube: This transition takes the form of a rotating cube with the current picture
on one face and the next picture on another.
• None: No transition between frames.
109
3
Start the side show.
Highlight Start in the slide show menu and
press J.
The following operations can be performed while the slide show is in progress:
To
Skip back/skip ahead
Press 4 to return to previous frame, 2 to skip
to next frame.
Change photo info displayed (0 98).
Pause/resume slide show
Pause show. Press again to resume.
Exit to playback mode
Exit to shooting mode
110
Description
View additional photo info
Raise/lower volume
I
Use
Press X during movie playback to increase
X / W (Q) volume, W (Q) to decrease.
End show and return to playback mode.
K
Press shutter-release button halfway. Monitor
will turn off; photographs can be taken
immediately.
The dialog shown at right is displayed when the show ends.
Select Restart to restart or Exit to return to the playback menu.
QConnections
Connecting to a Computer
This section describes how to use the supplied UC-E17 USB cable to connect the
camera to a computer.
Before Connecting the Camera
Before connecting the camera, install the software on the supplied ViewNX 2 CD. To
ensure that data transfer is not interrupted, be sure the camera EN-EL14 battery is
fully charged. If in doubt, charge the battery before use or use an EH-5b AC adapter
and EP-5A power connector (available separately).
❚❚ Supplied Software
ViewNX 2 includes a “Nikon Transfer 2” function for copying pictures from the camera
to the computer, where ViewNX 2 can be used to view and print selected images or
to edit photographs and movies. For more information, see ViewNX 2 online help.
❚❚ Supported Operating Systems
The supplied software can be used with computers running the following operating
systems:
• Windows: Pre-installed versions of Windows 7 Home Basic/Home Premium/
Professional/Enterprise/Ultimate (Service Pack 1), Windows Vista Home Basic/
Home Premium/Business/Enterprise/ Ultimate (Service Pack 2), or 32-bit editions
of Windows XP Home Edition/Professional (Service Pack 3). All installed programs
may run as 32-bit applications in 64-bit editions of Windows 7 and Windows Vista.
This application is not compatible with computers running 64-bit Windows XP.
• Macintosh: Mac OS X (version 10.5.8, 10.6.8, or 10.7.2)
See the websites listed on page xiv for the latest information on supported operating
systems.
Q
A
Connecting Cables
Be sure the camera is off when connecting or disconnecting interface cables. Do not use
force or attempt to insert the connectors at an angle. Close the connector cover when the
connector is not in use.
D
During Transfer
Do not turn the camera off or disconnect the USB cable while transfer is in progress.
A
Windows
To visit the Nikon website after installing ViewNX 2, select All Programs > Link to Nikon
from the Windows start menu (Internet connection required).
111
Connecting the Camera
Connect the camera using the supplied UC-E17 USB cable.
1
Turn the camera off.
2
Turn the computer on.
Turn the computer on and wait for it to start up.
3
Connect the USB cable.
Connect the USB cable as shown.
D
USB Hubs
Connect the camera directly to the computer; do not connect the cable via a USB hub
or keyboard.
Q
4
Turn the camera on.
5
Start Nikon Transfer 2.
If a message is displayed prompting you to choose a program, select
Nikon Transfer 2.
A
Windows 7
If the following dialog is displayed, select Nikon Transfer 2 as described below.
1 Under Import pictures and videos, click
Change program. A program selection dialog
will be displayed; select Import file using
Nikon Transfer 2 and click OK.
2 Double-click Import file.
112
6
Click Start Transfer.
At default settings, all the pictures on the
memory card will be copied to the computer
(for more information on using
Nikon Transfer 2, start ViewNX 2 or
Nikon Transfer 2 and select ViewNX 2 Help
from the Help menu).
Start Transfer
7
Turn the camera off and disconnect the USB cable when transfer ends.
Nikon Transfer 2 will close automatically when transfer is complete.
Q
113
Printing Photographs
Selected JPEG images can be printed on a PictBridge printer (0 204) connected
directly to the camera.
Connecting the Printer
Connect the camera using the supplied UC-E17 USB cable.
1
Turn the camera off.
2
Connect the USB cable.
Turn the printer on and connect the USB cable as shown. Do not use force or
attempt to insert the connectors at an angle.
D
USB Hubs
Connect the camera directly to the printer; do not connect the cable via a USB hub.
Q
3
Turn the camera on.
A welcome screen will be displayed in the monitor, followed by a PictBridge
playback display.
q
114
w
D
Selecting Photographs for Printing
NEF (RAW) photographs (0 44) can not be selected for printing. JPEG copies of NEF (RAW)
images can be created using the NEF (RAW) processing option in the retouch menu
(0 157).
A
Printing Via Direct USB Connection
Be sure the EN-EL14 battery is fully charged or use an optional EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5A
power connector. When taking photographs to be printed via direct USB connection, set
Color space to sRGB (0 130).
A
See Also
See page 193 for information on what to do if an error occurs during printing.
Printing Pictures One at a Time
1
Select a picture.
Press 4 or 2 to view additional pictures. Press
the X button to zoom in on the current frame
(0 104; press K to exit zoom). To view six
pictures at a time, press the W (Q) button. Use
the multi selector to highlight pictures, or press X
to display the highlighted picture full frame.
2
Display printing options.
Press J to display PictBridge printing options.
Q
115
3
Adjust printing options.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight an option and press 2 to select.
Option
Description
Highlight a page size (only sizes supported by the current printer are listed)
Page size and press J to select and exit to the previous menu (to print at the default
page size for the current printer, select Printer default).
No. of Press 1 or 3 to choose number of copies (maximum 99), then press J to
copies select and return to the previous menu.
This option is available only if supported by the printer. Highlight Printer
default (use current printer settings), Print with border (print photo with
Border
white border), or No border and press J to select and exit to the previous
menu.
Highlight Printer default (use current printer settings), Print time stamp
Time
(print times and dates of recording on photos), or No time stamp and press J
stamp
to select and exit to the previous menu.
This option is available only if supported by the printer. To exit without
cropping, highlight No cropping and press J. To crop the current picture,
highlight Crop and press 2.
Cropping
Q
4
Selecting Crop displays the dialog shown at right. Press
X to increase the size of the crop, W (Q) to decrease.
Position the crop using the multi selector and press J.
Note that print quality may drop if small crops are
printed at large sizes.
Start printing.
Select Start printing and press J to start
printing. To cancel before all copies have been
printed, press J.
D
Date Imprint
If you select Print time stamp in the PictBridge menu when printing photographs
containing date information recorded using Print date in the setup menu (0 144), the date
will appear twice. The imprinted date may however be cropped out if the photographs are
cropped or printed without a border.
116
Printing Multiple Pictures
1
Display the PictBridge menu.
Press the G button in the PictBridge
playback display (see Step 3 on page 114).
G button
2
Choose an option.
Highlight one of the following options and
press 2.
• Print select: Select pictures for printing.
• Select date: Print one copy of all the pictures
taken on a selected date.
• Print (DPOF): Print an existing print order created with the DPOF print order
option in the playback menu (0 120). The current print order will be
displayed in Step 3.
• Index print: To create an index print of all JPEG pictures on the memory card,
proceed to Step 4. Note that if the memory card contains more than 256
pictures, only the first 256 images will be printed.
Q
117
3
Select pictures or choose a date.
If you chose Print select or Print (DPOF) in
Step 2, use the multi selector to scroll through
the pictures on the memory card. To display
the current picture full screen, press and
hold the X button. To select the current
picture for printing, press the W (Q) button
and press 1. The picture will be marked
with a Z icon and the number of prints will
be set to 1. Keeping the W (Q) button
pressed, press 1 or 3 to specify the number
of prints (up to 99; to deselect the picture,
W (Q) + 13: Choose number of
press 3 when the number of prints is 1).
copies
Continue until all the desired pictures have
been selected.
X button: View photo full screen
Q
If you chose Select date in Step 2, press 1 or 3
to highlight a date and press 2 to toggle the
highlighted date on or off. To view the
pictures taken on the selected date, press W
(Q). Use the multi selector to scroll through
the pictures, or press and hold X to view the
X button: View
current picture full screen. Press W (Q)
highlighted photo
again to return to the date selection dialog. full screen
W (Q) button:
View photos for
selected date
118
4
Display printing options.
Press J to display PictBridge printing
options.
5
Adjust printing options.
Choose page size, border, and time stamp options as described on page 116 (a
warning will be displayed if the selected page size is too small for an index
print).
6
Start printing.
Select Start printing and press J to start
printing. To cancel before all copies have
been printed, press J.
Q
119
Creating a DPOF Print Order: Print Set
The DPOF print order option in the playback menu is used to create digital “print
orders” for PictBridge-compatible printers and devices that support DPOF.
1
Choose Select/set for the DPOF print
order item in the playback menu.
Press the G button and select DPOF print
order in the playback menu. Highlight
Select/set and press 2 (to remove all
photographs from the print order, select
G button
Deselect all?).
2
Select pictures.
Use the multi selector to scroll through the
pictures on the memory card. To display the
current picture in full screen, press and hold
the X button. To select the current picture
for printing, press the W (Q) button and
press 1. The picture will be marked with a
Z icon and the number of prints will be set
to 1. Keeping the W (Q) button pressed,
press 1 or 3 to specify the number of prints
(up to 99; to deselect the picture, press 3
W (Q) + 13: Choose number of
when the number of prints is 1). Continue
copies
until all the desired pictures have been
selected.
Q
X button: View photo full screen
3
Display imprint options.
Press J to display data imprint options.
120
4
Select imprint options.
Highlight the following options and press 2
to toggle the highlighted option on or off (to
complete the print order without including
this information, proceed to Step 5).
• Print shooting data: Print shutter speed and
aperture on all pictures in print order.
• Print date: Print date of recording on all pictures in print order.
5
Complete the print order.
Highlight Done and press J to complete
the print order.
Q
D
DPOF print order
To print the current print order when the camera is connected to a PictBridge printer, select
Print (DPOF) in the PictBridge menu and follow the steps in “Printing Multiple Pictures” to
modify and print the current order (0 117). DPOF print date and shooting data options are
not supported when printing via direct USB connection; to print the date of recording on
photographs in the current print order, use the PictBridge Time stamp option.
The DPOF print order option can not be used if there is not enough space on the memory
card to store the print order.
NEF (RAW) photographs (0 44) can not be selected using this option. JPEG copies of NEF
(RAW) images can be created using the NEF (RAW) processing option in the retouch menu
(0 157).
Print orders may not print correctly if images are deleted using a computer or other device
after the print order is created.
121
Viewing Photographs on TV
The supplied EG-CP14 audio video (A/V) cable can be used to connect the camera to
a television or video recorder for playback or recording. A type C mini-pin HighDefinition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) cable (available separately from third-party
suppliers) can be used to connect the camera to high-definition video devices.
Standard Definition Devices
Before connecting the camera to a standard television, confirm that the camera
video standard (0 136) matches that used in the TV.
1
Turn the camera off.
Always turn the camera off before connecting or disconnecting the A/V cable.
2
Connect the A/V cable as shown.
Connect to
video device
Audio (white)
Video (yellow)
Q
3
Tune the television to the video channel.
4
Turn the camera on and press the K button.
Connect to
camera
During playback, images will be displayed on the television screen. Note that
the edges of images may not be displayed.
A
Video Mode
If no image is displayed, check that camera is correctly connected and that the option
selected for Video mode (0 136) matches the video standard used in the TV.
A
Television Playback
Use of an EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5A power connector (available separately) is
recommended for extended playback.
122
High-Definition Devices
The camera can be connected to HDMI devices using a type C mini-pin HDMI cable
(available separately from third-party suppliers).
1
Turn the camera off.
Always turn the camera off before connecting or disconnecting an HDMI cable.
2
Connect the HDMI cable as shown.
Connect to high-definition device
(choose cable with connector for
HDMI device)
Connect to camera
3
Tune the device to the HDMI channel.
4
Turn the camera on and press the K button.
During playback, images will be displayed on the high-definition television or
video device. Note that the edges of images may not be displayed.
Q
D
Close the Connector Cover
Close the connector cover when the connectors are not in use. Foreign matter in the
connectors can interfere with data transfer.
A
Audio
When a movie with sound recorded in stereo using an optional ME-1 stereo microphone
(0 91, 177) is viewed on a television connected to the camera via an A/V cable, the audio
output is monaural. HDMI connections support stereo output. Volume can be adjusted
using television controls; the camera controls can not be used.
123
❚❚ HDMI Options
The HDMI option in the setup menu controls output resolution and can be used to
enable the camera for remote control from devices that support HDMI-CEC (HighDefinition Multimedia Interface–Consumer Electronics Control, a standard that
allows HDMI devices to be used to control peripherals to which they are connected).
Output Resolution
Choose the format for images output to the HDMI device. If
Auto is selected, the camera will automatically select the
appropriate format. Regardless of the option selected, Auto will
be used for movie recording and playback.
Device Control
If On is selected for HDMI >Device control in the setup
menu when the camera is connected to a television that
supports HDMI-CEC and both the camera and television are
on, the display shown at right will appear on the television
and the television remote can be used in place of the
camera multi selector and J button during full-frame
playback and slide shows. If Off is selected, the television remote can not be used to
control the camera.
Q
A
HDMI-CEC Devices
When the camera is connected to an HDMI-CEC device, ) will appear in the viewfinder in
place of the number of exposures remaining.
A
Device Control
See the television manual for details.
A
HDMI and Live View
HDMI displays connected via an HDMI cable can be used for live view and movie recording
(0 86, 90). During movie recording and playback, HDMI output is adjusted according to the
option selected for Movie settings > Frame size/frame rate in the shooting menu (0 90).
Note that some devices may not support the selected setting; in this case, select 1080i
(interlaced) for HDMI > Output resolution (0 124). Movies may be output at a frame size
smaller than that selected for Frame size/frame rate (0 90).
124
MMenu Guide
D The Playback Menu: Managing Images
To display the playback menu, press G and select the D (playback menu) tab.
G button
The playback menu contains the following options:
Option
Delete
Playback folder
Playback display
options
Additional photo info
Transition effects
Image review
Default
—
Current
0
107
125
—
—
Slide in
On
Playback Folder
Option
Rotate tall
Slide show
Image type
126
126
Frame interval
Transition effects
DPOF print order
Default
On
—
Still images
and movies
2s
Zoom/fade
—
0
126
109
120
G button ➜ D playback menu
o
Choose a folder for playback:
Option
Description
Only photos in the folder currently selected for Storage folder in the setup menu
(0 146) are displayed during playback. This option is selected automatically when
Current a photo is taken. If a memory card is inserted and this option selected before
photos have been taken, a message stating that the folder contains no images may
be displayed during playback. Select All to begin playback.
All
Pictures in all folders will be visible during playback.
125
Playback Display Options
G button ➜ D playback menu
Choose the information available in the playback photo information display (0 98)
and the transition between frames during playback.
• Additional photo info: Press 1 or 3 to highlight an option, then
press 2 to select the option for the photo information display.
A M appears next to selected items; to deselect, highlight and
press 2. To return to the playback menu, highlight Done and
press J.
• Transition effects: Choose from Slide in (each frame is pushed out of the display by
the following frame), Zoom/fade (frames fade into one another with a zoom
effect), and None (no transition between frames).
Image Review
G button ➜ D playback menu
Choose whether pictures are automatically displayed in the
monitor immediately after shooting. If Off is selected, pictures
can only be displayed by pressing the K button.
Rotate Tall
o
Choose whether to rotate “tall” (portrait-orientation) pictures
for display during playback. Note that because the camera itself
is already in the appropriate orientation during shooting,
images are not rotated automatically during image review.
Option
On
Off
126
G button ➜ D playback menu
Description
“Tall” (portrait-orientation) pictures are automatically rotated for display in the
camera monitor. Pictures taken with Off selected for Auto image rotation (0 138)
will be displayed in “wide” (landscape) orientation.
“Tall” (portrait-orientation) pictures are displayed in “wide” (landscape) orientation.
C The Shooting Menu: Shooting Options
To display the shooting menu, press G and select the C (shooting menu) tab.
G button
The shooting menu contains the following options:
Option
Reset shooting menu
Set Picture Control
Image quality
Image size
White balance
Fluorescent
ISO sensitivity settings
P, S, A, M
ISO
sensitivity Other modes
Auto ISO sensitivity control
Active D-Lighting
Auto distortion control
Color space
Noise reduction
Default
—
Standard
JPEG normal
Large
Auto
Cool-white
fluorescent
100
Auto
Off
On
Off
sRGB
On
0
128
76
44
46
69
70
51
129
67
130
130
131
Option
AF-area mode
n
Viewfinder m
Other modes
k, l, p, o
Live view/
m, P, S, A, M
movie
n
Built-in AF-assist illuminator
Metering
Movie settings
Frame size/frame rate*
Movie quality
Microphone
Manual movie settings
Flash cntrl for built-in flash
Default
0
Single-point AF
Dynamic-area AF 38
Auto-area AF
Face-priority AF
Wide-area AF
82
Normal-area AF
On
131
Matrix metering 60
—
High quality
Auto sensitivity
Off
TTL
90
132
* Default varies with country of purchase.
Note: Depending on camera settings, some items may be grayed out and unavailable.
For information on the options available in each shooting mode, see page 187.
i
127
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Reset Shooting Menu
Select Yes to reset shooting menu settings.
A
Reset Shooting Options
Selecting Yes for Reset shooting menu also restores Picture Control settings to their default
values (0 77) and resets the following:
Option
Release mode
i, j, k, l, p, n, o,
P, S, A, M
m
Focus point *
Flexible program
A (L) button hold
Focus mode
Viewfinder
Live view/movie
Default
Single frame
Continuous
Center
Off
Off
Auto-servo AF
Single-servo AF
0
Option
Flash mode
Default
Auto front-curtain
sync
48
o
Auto slow sync
40
P, S, A, M
Front curtain sync
54 Exposure compensation
Off
63
143 Flash compensation
Off
65
31
i, k, p, n
35
81
* Not displayed if e (Auto-area AF) is selected for AF-area mode > Viewfinder.
i
128
0
ISO Sensitivity Settings
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Adjust ISO sensitivity (0 51).
❚❚ Auto ISO Sensitivity control
If Off is chosen for Auto ISO sensitivity control in P, S, A, and M modes, ISO sensitivity
will remain fixed at the value selected by the user (0 51). When On is chosen, ISO
sensitivity will automatically be adjusted if optimal exposure can not be achieved at
the value selected by the user (ISO sensitivity is adjusted appropriately when the
flash is used). The maximum value for auto ISO sensitivity can be selected using the
Maximum sensitivity option in the Auto ISO sensitivity control menu (choose
lower values to prevent noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines; the
minimum value for auto ISO sensitivity is automatically set to ISO 100)). In modes P
and A, sensitivity will only be adjusted if underexposure would result at the shutter
speed selected for Minimum shutter speed (1/2000–1 s, or Auto; in modes S and M,
sensitivity will be adjusted for optimal exposure at the shutter speed selected by the
user). If Auto (available only with CPU lenses) is selected, the camera will choose the
minimum shutter speed based on the focal length of the lens. Slower shutter speeds
will be used only if optimum exposure can not be achieved at the ISO sensitivity
value selected for Maximum sensitivity.
When On is selected, the viewfinder shows ISO-AUTO and the
information display ISO-A. These indictors flash when sensitivity
is altered from the value selected by the user.
i
A
Auto ISO Sensitivity Control
Noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) is more likely at higher sensitivities. Use
the Noise reduction option in the shooting menu to reduce noise (0 131). Note that ISO
sensitivity may be raised automatically when auto ISO sensitivity control is used in
combination with slow sync flash modes (available with the built-in flash and the optional
flash units listed on page 173), possibly preventing the camera from selecting slow shutter
speeds.
129
Auto Distortion Control
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Select On to reduce barrel distortion in photos taken with wideangle lenses and to reduce pin-cushion distortion in photos
taken with long lenses (note that the edges of the area visible in
the viewfinder may be cropped out of the final photograph, and
that the time needed to process photographs before recording
begins may increase). This option does not apply to movies and
is available only with type G and D lenses (PC, fisheye, and certain other lenses
excluded); results are not guaranteed with other lenses.
A
Retouch: Distortion Control
For information creating copies of existing photographs with reduced barrel and pincushion distortion, see page 159.
Color Space
G button ➜ C shooting menu
The color space determines the gamut of colors available for
color reproduction. Choose sRGB for photographs that will be
printed or used “as is,” with no further modification. Adobe RGB
has a wider color gamut and is recommended for images that
will be extensively processed or retouched after leaving the
camera.
A
i
Color Space
Color spaces define the correspondence between colors and the numeric values that
represent them in a digital image file. The sRGB color space is widely used, while the Adobe
RGB color space is typically used in publishing and commercial printing. sRGB is
recommended when taking photographs that will be printed without modification or
viewed in applications that do not support color management, or when taking photographs
that will be printed with ExifPrint, the direct printing option on some household printers, or
kiosk printing or other commercial print services. Adobe RGB photographs can also be
printed using these options, but colors will not be as vivid.
JPEG photographs taken in the Adobe RGB color space are DCF compliant; applications and
printers that support DCF will select the correct color space automatically. If the application
or device does not support DCF, select the appropriate color space manually. For more
information, see the documentation provided with the application or device.
A
Nikon Software
ViewNX 2 (supplied) and Capture NX 2 (available separately) automatically select the correct
color space when opening photographs created with this camera.
130
Noise Reduction
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Select On to reduce noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright
pixels, lines, or fog). Noise reduction takes effect at all ISO
sensitivities, but is most noticeable at higher values. The time
required for processing at shutter speeds slower than about 1 s
or when the camera’s internal temperature is elevated and ISO
sensitivity is high roughly doubles; during processing,
“l m” will flash in the viewfinder and photographs can not
be taken. Noise reduction will not be performed if the camera is
turned off before processing is complete.
If Off is selected, noise reduction will only be performed at high ISO sensitivities; the
amount of noise reduction is less than that performed when On is selected.
Built-in AF-assist Illuminator
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Choose whether the built-in AF-assist illuminator lights to assist
the focus operation when lighting is poor.
Option
On
Off
AF-assist illuminator
Description
The AF-assist illuminator lights when lighting is poor (viewfinder photography
only). AF-assist illumination is only available when both of the following
conditions are met:
1. AF-S is selected for focus mode (0 35) or single-servo autofocus is selected
when the viewfinder is used in AF-A mode.
2. e (Auto-area AF) is chosen for AF-area mode > Viewfinder (0 38, 39), or
an option other than e (Auto-area AF) is chosen and the center focus point is
selected.
The AF-assist illuminator does not light to assist the focus operation. The camera
may not be able to focus using autofocus when lighting is poor.
i
A
See Also
See page 37 for information on using the AF-assist illuminator. Information on the shooting
modes in which AF-assist is available may be found on page 187. See page 171 for
restrictions on the lenses that can be used with AF assist.
131
Flash Cntrl for Built-in Flash
G button ➜ C shooting menu
Choose the flash mode for the built-in flash in P, S, A, and M modes.
Option
1 TTL
Description
Flash output is adjusted automatically in response to shooting conditions.
Choose a flash level between Full and 1/32 (1/32 of full
power). At full power, the built-in flash has a Guide
Number
of 13/43 (m/ft, ISO 100, 20 °C/68 °F).
2 Manual
A
Manual
A Y icon flashes in the viewfinder and information display when
Manual is selected and the flash is raised.
A
The SB-400
When an optional SB-400 flash unit is attached and turned on, Flash
cntrl for built-in flash changes to Optional flash, allowing the flash
control mode for the SB-400 to be selected from TTL and Manual.
A
i
Flash Control
The following types of flash control are supported when a CPU lens is used in combination
with the built-in flash (0 47) or optional flash units (0 172).
• i-TTL Balanced Fill-Flash for Digital SLR: Information from the 420-pixel RGB sensor is used to
adjust flash output for a natural balance between the main subject and the background.
• Standard i-TTL Fill-Flash for Digital SLR: Flash output is adjusted for the main subject; the
brightness of the background is not taken into account. Recommended for shots in which
the main subject is emphasized at the expense of background details, or when exposure
compensation is used.
Standard i-TTL flash control is used with spot metering or when selected with the optional
flash unit. i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR is used in all other cases.
132
B The Setup Menu: Camera Setup
To display the setup menu, press G and select the B (setup menu) tab.
G button
The setup menu contains the following options:
Option
Reset setup options
Format memory card
Monitor brightness
Info display format
Auto info display
Clean image sensor
Clean at startup/
shutdown
Lock mirror up for
cleaning 1
Video mode 2
HDMI
Output resolution
Device control
Flicker reduction
Time zone and date 2
Daylight saving time
Language 2
Image comment
Auto image rotation
Image Dust Off ref
photo
Auto off timers
Default
—
—
0
Graphic;
Background color: White
On
0
134
19
134
134
136
Clean at startup &
shutdown
180
—
182
—
136
Auto
On
Auto
124
124
136
Off
—
—
On
137
137
138
138
—
139
Normal
140
Option
Self-timer
Self-timer delay
Number of shots
Remote on duration
Beep
Rangefinder
File number sequence
Buttons
Assign Fn button
Assign AE-L/AF-L
button
Shutter-release
button AE-L
Slot empty release
lock
Print date
Storage folder
GPS
Standby timer
Use GPS to set
camera clock
Eye-Fi upload 3
Firmware version
Default
0
10 s
1
1 min
Low
Off
Off
141
141
141
141
142
142
ISO sensitivity
143
AE/AF lock
143
Off
144
Release locked
144
Off
—
144
146
Enable
147
Yes
147
Enable
—
148
148
g
1 Not available when battery is low.
2 Default varies with country of purchase.
3 Only available when compatible Eye-Fi memory card is inserted (0 148).
Note: Depending on camera settings, some items may be grayed out and unavailable.
133
Reset Setup Options
G button ➜ B setup menu
Select Yes to reset setup menu all settings except Video mode, Time zone and date,
Language, and Storage folder to the defaults listed above.
Monitor Brightness
G button ➜ B setup menu
Press 1 or 3 to choose monitor brightness. Choose higher
values for increased brightness, lower values for reduced
brightness.
Info Display Format
G button ➜ B setup menu
Choose from the following two formats for the information display (0 5).
Classic (0 135)
1
Select a format.
Highlight an option and press 2.
2
g
134
Select a background color.
Highlight a background color and press J.
Choose from blue, black, or orange (Classic) or
white, black, or brown (Graphic).
Graphic (0 5)
The “Classic” display is shown below.
6 15 16
7
8
9
10
14
11
12
13
1
2
17
18
19
20
21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
3
4
5
1 Shooting mode
i auto/
j auto (flash off) ...............22
Scene modes .......................25
P, S, A, and M modes............53
2 Help icon............................... 193
3 Flash mode..............................48
4 Flash compensation..............65
5 Exposure compensation ......63
6 Image quality..........................44
7 Image size................................46
8 White balance.........................69
9 ISO sensitivity ........................ 51
10 Release mode .........................31
11 Focus mode...................... 35, 81
12 AF-area mode .................. 38, 82
13 Metering.................................. 60
14 Auto ISO sensitivity
indicator .............................129
15 Print date indicator .............144
16 Manual flash indicator .......132
Flash compensation indicator
for optional flash units....175
17 Shutter speed.................. 55, 57
18 Exposure indicator ................ 57
Exposure compensation
indicator ............................... 64
19 Aperture (f-number)...... 56, 57
20 Active D-Lighting .................. 67
21 Picture Control ...................... 76
22 Auto-area AF indicator......... 38
3D-tracking indicator ........... 38
Focus point ............................. 40
23 “Beep” indicator .................. 141
24 Eye-Fi connection
indicator............................. 148
25 Battery indicator ....................21
26 GPS connection
indicator............................. 147
27 Number of exposures
remaining .............................21
White balance recording
indicator ...............................72
28 “K” (appears when memory
remains for over 1000
exposures)............................21
A
Rotating the Camera
When the camera is rotated 90 °, shooting information rotates to match
camera orientation.
g
135
Auto Info Display
G button ➜ B setup menu
If On is selected, the information display will appear after the shutter-release button
is pressed halfway; if image review (0 126) is off, it will also be displayed immediately
after shooting. Choose On if you find yourself frequently referring to the information
display during shooting. If Off is selected, the information display can be viewed by
pressing the P button.
Video Mode
G button ➜ B setup menu
When connecting the camera to a television or VCR, be sure the camera video mode
matches the device video standard (NTSC or PAL).
Flicker Reduction
G button ➜ B setup menu
Reduce flicker and banding when shooting under fluorescent or mercury-vapor
lighting during live view (0 80) or movie recording (0 88). Choose Auto to allow the
camera to automatically choose the correct frequency, or manually match the
frequency to that of the local AC power supply.
A
Flicker Reduction
If Auto fails to produce the desired results and If you are unsure as to the frequency of the
local power supply, test both options and choose the one that produces the best results.
Flicker reduction may not produce the desired results with some subjects, in which case you
should select mode A or M and choose a smaller aperture (higher f-number) before starting
live view. Note that flicker reduction is not available when On is selected for Movie settings
> Manual movie settings (0 91) in mode M.
g
136
Time Zone and Date
G button ➜ B setup menu
Change time zones, set the camera clock, choose the date
display order, and turn daylight saving time on or off.
Option
Description
Choose a time zone. The camera clock is
automatically set to the time in the new time zone.
Time zone
Set the camera clock (0 16).
Date and time
Choose the order in which the day, month, and year
are displayed.
Date format
Daylight
saving time
Turn daylight saving time on or off. The camera clock
will automatically be advanced or set back one hour.
The default setting is Off.
Language
G button ➜ B setup menu
g
Choose a language for camera menus and messages.
137
G button ➜ B setup menu
Image Comment
Add a comment to new photographs as they are taken. Comments can be viewed as
metadata in ViewNX 2 (supplied) or Capture NX 2 (available separately; 0 176). The
comment is also visible on the shooting data page in the photo information display
(0 100).
• Done: Save changes and return to the setup menu.
• Input comment: Input a comment as described on page 146. Comments can be up to
36 characters long.
• Attach comment: Select this option to attach the comment to all
subsequent photographs. Attach comment can be turned
on and off by highlighting it and pressing 2.
G button ➜ B setup menu
Auto Image Rotation
Photographs taken while On is selected contain information on camera orientation,
allowing them to be rotated automatically during playback or when viewed in
ViewNX 2 or Capture NX 2 (available separately; 0 176). The following orientations
are recorded:
Landscape (wide) orientation
Camera rotated 90° clockwise
Camera rotated 90°
counterclockwise
Camera orientation is not recorded when Off is selected. Choose this option when
panning or taking photographs with the lens pointing up or down.
g
138
A
Rotate Tall
To automatically rotate “tall” (portrait-orientation) photographs for display during playback,
select On for the Rotate tall option in the playback menu (0 126).
Image Dust Off Ref Photo
G button ➜ B setup menu
Acquire reference data for the Image Dust Off option in Capture NX 2 (available
separately; for more information, see the Capture NX 2 manual).
Image Dust off ref photo is available only when a CPU lens is mounted on the
camera. A lens with a focal length of at least 50 mm is recommended. When using a
zoom lens, zoom all the way in.
1
Choose a start option.
Highlight one of the following options and press
J. To exit without acquiring image dust off
data, press G.
• Start: The message shown at right will be
displayed and “rEF” will appear in the
viewfinder.
• Clean sensor and then start: Select this option to
clean the image sensor before starting. The
message shown at right will be displayed and
“rEF” will appear in the viewfinder when
cleaning is complete.
D
Image Sensor Cleaning
Image Dust Off reference data recorded before image sensor cleaning is performed
can not be used with photographs taken after image sensor cleaning is performed.
Select Clean sensor and then start only if the Image Dust Off reference data will not
be used with existing photographs.
2
Frame a featureless white object in the viewfinder.
With the lens about ten centimeters (four inches) from a well-lit, featureless
white object, frame the object so that it fills the viewfinder and then press the
shutter-release button halfway.
g
In autofocus mode, focus will automatically be set to infinity; in manual focus
mode, set focus to infinity manually.
3
Acquire Image Dust Off reference data.
Press the shutter-release button the rest of the way down to acquire Image Dust
Off reference data. The monitor turns off when the shutter-release button is
pressed. Note that noise reduction will be performed if the subject is poorly lit,
increasing recording times.
139
If the reference object is too bright or too dark,
the camera may be unable to acquire Image Dust
Off reference data and the message shown at
right will be displayed. Choose another reference
object and repeat the process from step 1.
D
Image Dust Off Reference Data
The same reference data can be used for photographs taken with
different lenses or at different apertures. Reference images can not
be viewed using computer imaging software. A grid pattern is
displayed when reference images are viewed on the camera.
Auto off Timers
G button ➜ B setup menu
This option determines how long the monitor remains on if no operations are
performed during menu display and playback (Playback/menus), while
photographs are displayed in the monitor after shooting (Image review), and during
live view (Live view), and how long the standby timer, viewfinder, and information
display remain on when no operations are performed (Standby timer). Choose
shorter auto-off delays to reduce the drain on the battery.
Option
Description (all times are approximate)
Auto off timers are set to the following values:
Playback/menus
Image review
Live view
C Short
Short
20 s
4s
5 min.
D Normal
Normal
1 min.
4s
10 min.
E Long
Long
1 min.
20 s
20 min.
F Custom
A
g
140
Standby timer
4s
8s
1 min.
Choose separate delays for Playback/menus, Image review, Live view, and
Standby timer. When settings are complete, highlight Done and press J.
Auto off Timers
The monitor and viewfinder will not turn off automatically when the camera is connected to
a computer or printer via USB.
Self-Timer
G button ➜ B setup menu
Choose the length of the shutter release delay and the number
of shots taken (0 33).
• Self-timer delay: Choose the length of the shutter-release delay.
• Number of shots: Press 1 and 3 to choose the number of shots
taken each time the shutter-release button is pressed (from 1
to 9; if a value other than 1 is selected, shots will be taken at
4 s intervals).
Remote on Duration
G button ➜ B setup menu
Choose how long the camera will remain before cancelling the
currently selected remote control release mode and restoring
the previously selected release mode (0 31). Choose shorter
times for longer battery life.
Beep
G button ➜ B setup menu
Choose the pitch (High or Low) of the beep that sounds when the camera focuses
using single-servo AF (AF-S or when single-servo AF is selected for AF-A; 0 35), when
focus locks in live view, while the release timer is counting down in self-timer and
delayed remote release modes (0 33), and when a photograph is taken in quickresponse remote mode (0 33). Select Off to prevent the beep from sounding. Note
that a beep will not sound during movie recording (0 88), or in quiet-shutter release
mode (mode J; 0 31).
g
The current setting is shown in the information display: 3 is
displayed when the beep is on, 2 when it is off.
141
G button ➜ B setup menu
Rangefinder
Choose On to use the exposure indicator to determine whether the camera is
correctly focused in manual focus mode (0 42; note that this function is not available
in shooting mode M, when the exposure indicator instead shows whether the subject
is correctly exposed).
Indicator
Description
Indicator
Description
Camera in focus.
Focus point is slightly
behind subject.
Focus point is slightly in
front of subject.
Focus point is well
behind subject.
Focus point is well in
front of subject.
Camera can not
determine correct
focus.
A
Using the Electronic Rangefinder
The electronic rangefinder requires a lens with a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster. The
desired results may not be achieved in situations in which the camera would be unable to
focus using autofocus (0 36). The electronic rangefinder is not available during live view.
File Number Sequence
G button ➜ B setup menu
When a photograph is taken, the camera names the file by adding one to the last file
number used. This option controls whether file numbering continues from the last
number used when a new folder is created, the memory card is formatted, or a new
memory card is inserted in the camera.
Option
g
142
Description
When a new folder is created, the memory card formatted, or a new memory card
inserted in the camera, file numbering continues from the last number used or
from the largest file number in the current folder, whichever is higher. If a
On
photograph is taken when the current folder contains a photograph numbered
9999, a new folder will be created automatically and file numbering will begin
again from 0001.
File numbering is reset to 0001 when a new folder is created, the memory card is
formatted, or a new memory card is inserted in the camera. Note that a new
Off
folder is created automatically if a photograph is taken when the current folder
contains 999 photographs.
Resets the file numbering for On to 0001 and creates a new folder with the next
K Reset
photograph taken.
D
File Number Sequence
If the current folder is numbered 999 and contains either 999 photographs or a photograph
numbered 9999, the shutter-release button will be disabled and no further photographs can
be taken. Choose Reset for File number sequence and then either format the current
memory card or insert a new memory card.
G button ➜ B setup menu
Buttons
Choose the roles played by the Fn and A (L) buttons.
❚❚ Assign Fn button
Choose the role played by the Fn button (0 8).
Option
Image
v
quality/size *
ISO
w
sensitivity *
White
m
balance *
!
Active
D-Lighting
Description
Press the Fn button and rotate the command
dial to select image quality and size (0 44).
Press the Fn button and rotate the command
dial to select ISO sensitivity (0 51).
Press the Fn button and rotate the command
dial to select white balance (P, S, A, and M modes
only; 0 69).
Press the Fn button and rotate the command
dial to select an Active D-Lighting option (P, S, A,
and M modes only; 0 67).
Fn button
* The item currently selected is shown by a white-on-black icon in the information display.
❚❚ Assign AE-L/AF-L button
Choose the role played by the A (L) button.
Option
Description
Focus and exposure lock while the A (L)
B AE/AF lock
button is pressed.
Exposure locks while the A (L) button is
C AE lock only
pressed.
A (L) button
F AF lock only Focus locks while the A (L) button is pressed.
Exposure locks when the A (L) button is
AE lock
pressed, and remains locked until the button is
E
(Hold)
pressed a second time or the standby timer
expires.
The A (L) button initiates autofocus. The
shutter-release button can not be used to focus
A AF-ON
except when AF-F is selected in live view or
during movie recording.
g
143
❚❚ Shutter-release button AE-L
At the default setting of Off, exposure only locks when the
A (L) button is pressed. If On is selected, exposure will also
lock when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
Slot Empty Release Lock
G button ➜ B setup menu
If Release locked is selected, the shutter-release button is only enabled when a
memory card is inserted in the camera. Selecting Enable release allows the shutter
to be released when no memory card is inserted, although no pictures will be
recorded (they will however be displayed in the monitor in demo mode).
Print Date
G button ➜ B setup menu
Choose the date information imprinted on photographs as they are taken.
Option
Off
Description
The time and date do not appear on photographs.
The date or date and time are imprinted on
photographs taken while this option is in
b Date and time effect.
a Date
c Date counter
15 . 04 . 2012
15 . 04 . 2012 10 : 02
New photos are imprinted with a time stamp showing the number of
days between the date of shooting and a selected date (0 145).
At settings other than Off, the selected option is indicated by a
d icon in the information display.
g A Print Date
The date is recorded in the order selected in the Time zone and date menu (0 137). The
date does not appear on NEF (RAW) or NEF (RAW)+JPEG images and can not be added to or
removed from existing photos. To print the date of recording on photographs taken with
date imprint off, select Time stamp in the PictBridge menu (0 116), or select Print date in
the DPOF print order menu to print the date of recording on all pictures in the current DPOF
print order (0 121).
144
❚❚ Date Counter
Pictures taken while this option is in effect are imprinted with
the number of days remaining until a future date or the number
of days elapsed since a past date. Use it to track the growth of a
child or count down the days until a birthday or wedding.
02 / 20 . 04 . 2012
Future date (two days remaining)
02 / 24 . 04 . 2012
Past date (two days elapsed)
Up to three separate dates can be stored in slots 1, 2, and 3. The
first time you use the date counter, you will be prompted to
select a date for slot 1; enter a date using the multi selector and
press J. To change the date or store additional dates, highlight
a slot, press 2, and enter the date. To use the stored date,
highlight the slot and press J.
To choose a date counter format, highlight Display options and
press 2 to display the menu shown at right. Highlight an option
and press J. Highlight Done in the date counter menu and
press J when settings are complete.
g
145
Storage Folder
G button ➜ B setup menu
Create, rename, or delete folders, or choose the folder in which subsequent
photographs will be stored.
• Select folder: Choose the folder in which subsequent photographs will be stored.
D3200 (default folder)
Current folder
Other folders (in alphabetical
order)
• New: Create a new folder and name it as described below. Folder names can be up
to five characters long.
• Rename: Select a folder from the list and rename it as described below.
• Delete: Delete all empty folders on the memory card.
❚❚ Naming and Renaming Folders
Folder names can be up to five characters long. To move the
cursor in the name area, rotate the command dial. To enter a
new letter at the current cursor position, use the multi selector
to highlight the desired character in the keyboard area and
press J. To delete the character at the current cursor position,
press the O button. Press the X button to save changes and
return to the setup menu, or press G to exit without creating
a new folder or changing the folder name.
D
g
146
Keyboard area
Name area
Folder Names
On the memory card, folder names are preceded by a three-digit folder number assigned
automatically by the camera (e.g., 100D3200). Each folder can contain up to 999
photographs. During shooting, pictures are stored in the highest-numbered folder with the
selected name. If a photograph is taken when the current folder is full or contains a
photograph numbered 9999, the camera will create a new folder by adding one to the
current folder number (e.g., 101D3200). The camera treats folders with the same name but
different folder numbers as the same folder. For example, if the folder NIKON is selected for
Storage folder, photographs in all folders named NIKON (100NIKON, 101NIKON, 102NIKON,
etc.) will be visible when Current is selected for Playback folder (0 125). Renaming
changes all folders with the same name but leaves the folder numbers intact. Selecting
Delete deletes empty numbered folders but leaves other folders with the same name intact.
GPS
G button ➜ B setup menu
This item is used to adjust settings for optional GP-1 GPS units. The GP-1 can be
connected to the camera’s accessory terminal (0 177) using the cable supplied with
the GP-1, allowing information on the camera’s current position to be recorded when
photographs are taken (turn the camera off before connecting the GP-1; for more
information, see the GP-1 manual).
The GPS menu contains the options listed below.
• Standby timer: Choose whether the exposure meters turn off automatically when the
GP-1 is attached.
Option
Description
Exposure meters turn off automatically if no operations are performed for the
time selected for Auto off timers > Standby timer in the setup menu (0 140; to
Enable allow the camera time to acquire GPS data, the delay is extended by up to one
minute after exposure meters are activated or the camera is turned on). This
reduces the drain on the battery.
Disable Exposure meters do not turn off while the GP-1 is connected.
• Position: This item is only available if the GP-1 is connected, when it displays the
current latitude, longitude, altitude, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) as
reported by the GP-1.
• Use GPS to set camera clock: Select Yes to synchronize the camera clock with the time
reported by the GPS device.
A
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)
UTC data is provided by the GPS device and is independent of the camera clock.
A
The h Icon
Connection status is shown by the h icon:
• h (static): Camera has established communication with GP-1.
Photo information for pictures taken while this icon is displayed
include an additional page of GPS data (0 101).
• h (flashing): The GP-1 is searching for a signal. Pictures taken while
the icon is flashing do not include GPS data.
• No icon: No new GPS data have been received from the GP-1 for at
least two seconds. Pictures taken when the h icon is not
displayed do not include GPS data.
g
147
Eye-Fi Upload
G button ➜ B setup menu
This option is displayed only when an Eye-Fi memory card (available separately from
third-party suppliers) is inserted in the camera. Choose Enable to upload
photographs to a preselected destination. Note that pictures will not be uploaded if
signal strength is insufficient.
Observe all local laws concerning wireless devices and choose Disable where
wireless devices are prohibited.
When an Eye-Fi card is inserted, its status is indicated by an icon
in the information display:
• 6: Eye-Fi upload disabled.
• 7: Eye-Fi upload enabled but no pictures available for
upload.
• 8 (static): Eye-Fi upload enabled; waiting to begin upload.
• 8 (animated): Eye-Fi upload enabled; uploading data.
• !: Error.
D
Eye-Fi Cards
Eye-Fi cards may emit wireless signals when Disable is selected. If a warning is displayed in
the monitor (0 193), turn the camera off and remove the card.
See the manual provided with the Eye-Fi card, and direct any inquiries to the manufacturer.
The camera can be used to turn Eye-Fi cards on and off, but may not support other Eye-Fi
functions.
A
Supported Eye-Fi Cards
As of December 2011, the camera supports 8 GB SDHC Pro X2 Eye-Fi cards. Some cards may
not be available in some countries or regions; consult the manufacturer for more
information. Eye-Fi cards are for use only in the country of purchase. Be sure the Eye-Fi card
firmware has been updated to the latest version.
A
Using Eye-Fi Cards in Ad Hoc Mode
Additional time may be required when connecting using Eye-Fi cards that support ad hoc
mode. Select longer values for Auto off timers > Standby timer in the setup menu (0 140).
g
Firmware Version
View the current camera firmware version.
148
G button ➜ B setup menu
N The Retouch Menu:
Creating Retouched Copies
To display the retouch menu, press G and select the N (retouch menu) tab.
G button
The retouch menu is used to create trimmed or retouched copies of the photographs
on the memory card, and is only available when a memory card containing
photographs is inserted in the camera.
Option
0
Option
0
Option
0
i D-Lighting
151 % NEF (RAW) processing 157 g Color sketch
160
j Red-eye correction
151 0 Resize
158 r Perspective control
161
k Trim
152 & Quick retouch
159 u Miniature effect
162
l Monochrome
152
' Straighten
159 3 Selective color
163
m Filter effects
153 ( Distortion control
159 t Edit movie
93
n Color balance
154 ) Fisheye
160
Side-by-side
p
165
comparison 2
155 q Color outline
160
o Image overlay 1
1 Can only be selected by pressing G button and selecting N tab.
2 Available only if J button is pressed in full-frame playback when a retouched image or
original is displayed.
A
Retouching Copies
Most options can be applied to copies created using other retouch options, although with
the exceptions of Image overlay and Edit movie > Choose start/end point each option
can be applied only once (note that multiple edits may result in loss of detail). Options that
can not be applied to the current image are grayed out and unavailable.
A
Image Quality
Except in the case of copies created with Trim, Image overlay, NEF (RAW) processing, and
Resize, copies created from JPEG images are the same size and quality as the original, while
copies created from NEF (RAW) photos are saved as large fine-quality JPEG images. Time
stamps added with Print date (0 144) may however be cropped out or illegible depending
on the retouch options used.
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149
Creating Retouched Copies
To create a retouched copy:
1
Display retouch options.
Highlight the desired item in the retouch menu
and press 2.
2
Select a picture.
Highlight a picture and press J.
A
Retouch
The camera may not be able to display or retouch
images created with other devices. If the image was
recorded at an image quality setting of NEF (RAW) +
JPEG fine (0 44), retouch options apply only to the
JPEG copy (Image overlay and NEF (RAW)
processing excepted).
3
Select retouch options.
For more information, see the section for the
selected item. To exit without creating a
retouched copy, press G.
4
Create a retouched copy.
Press J to create a retouched copy. Except in the
photo information “image only” page (0 98),
retouched copies are indicated by a N icon.
A
u
Creating Retouched Copies During Playback
Retouched copies can also be created during playback.
Display picture full frame and
press J.
150
Highlight an option and
press J.
Create retouched copy.
G button ➜ N retouch menu
D-Lighting
D-Lighting brightens shadows, making it ideal for dark or backlit photographs.
Before
After
Press 1 or 3 to choose the amount of correction performed.
The effect can be previewed in the edit display. Press J to copy
the photograph.
Red-Eye Correction
G button ➜ N retouch menu
This option is used to correct “red-eye” caused by the flash, and is available only with
photographs taken using the flash. The photograph selected for red-eye correction
can be previewed in the edit display. Confirm the effects of red-eye correction and
create a copy as described in the following table. Note that red-eye correction may
not always produce the expected results and may in very rare circumstances be
applied to portions of the image that are not affected by red-eye; check the preview
thoroughly before proceeding.
To
Use
Description
Press X button to zoom in, W (Q) button to
zoom out. While photo is zoomed in, use
Zoom out
W (Q) multi selector to view areas of image not
visible in monitor. Keep multi selector
pressed to scroll rapidly to other areas of
View other
frame. Navigation window is displayed when
areas of image
zoom buttons or multi selector is pressed;
area currently visible in monitor is indicated by yellow border. Press
Cancel zoom
J to cancel zoom.
Zoom in
Create copy
X
u
If the camera detects red-eye in the selected photograph, a copy will
be created that has been processed to reduce its effects. No copy
will be created if the camera is unable to detect red-eye.
151
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Trim
Create a cropped copy of the selected photograph. The
selected photograph is displayed with the selected crop shown
in yellow; create a cropped copy as described in the following
table.
To
Use
Description
Increase size of crop
X Press the X button to increase the size of the crop.
Reduce size of crop W (Q) Press the W (Q) button to reduce the size of the crop.
Change crop aspect
ratio
Rotate the command dial to switch between aspect ratios of
3 : 2, 4 : 3, 5 : 4, 1 : 1, and 16 : 9.
Move crop
Use multi selector to move the crop to another area of the
image.
Create copy
Save the current crop as a separate file.
A
Trim: Image Quality and Size
Copies created from NEF (RAW) or NEF (RAW) + JPEG photos have an
image quality of JPEG fine (0 44); cropped copies created from JPEG
photos have the same image quality as the original. The size of the
copy varies with crop size and aspect ratio and appears at upper left
in the crop display.
A
Viewing Cropped Copies
Playback zoom may not be available when cropped copies are displayed.
Monochrome
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Copy photographs in Black-and-white, Sepia, or
Cyanotype (blue and white monochrome).
u
Selecting Sepia or Cyanotype displays a preview
of the selected image; press 1 to increase color
saturation, 3 to decrease. Press J to create a
monochrome copy.
Increase
saturation
Decrease
saturation
152
Filter Effects
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Choose from the following filter effects. After adjusting filter effects as described
below, press J to copy the photograph.
Option
Skylight
Warm filter
Description
Creates the effect of a skylight filter, making the
picture less blue. The effect can be previewed in
the monitor as shown at right.
Creates a copy with warm tone filter effects, giving
the copy a “warm” red cast. The effect can be
previewed in the monitor.
Red intensifier
Intensify reds (Red intensifier), greens (Green
Green intensifier intensifier), or blues (Blue intensifier). Press 1 to
increase the effect, 3 to decrease.
Blue intensifier
Cross screen
Add starburst effects to light sources.
• Number of points: Choose from four, six, or eight.
• Filter amount: Choose the brightness of the light
sources affected.
• Filter angle: Choose the angle of the points.
• Length of points: Choose the length of points.
• Confirm: Preview the effects of the filter as shown
at right. Press X to preview the copy full frame.
• Save: Create a retouched copy.
Soft
Add a soft filter effect. Press 1 or 3 to choose the
filter strength.
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153
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Color Balance
Use the multi selector to create a copy with modified color
balance as shown below. The effect is displayed in the monitor
together with red, green, and blue histograms (0 99) giving the
distribution of tones in the copy.
Increase amount of green
Increase amount of
blue
Create retouched copy
Increase amount of amber
Increase amount of magenta
A
Zoom
To zoom in on the image displayed in the monitor, press the X
button. The histogram will be updated to show data only for the
portion of the image displayed in the monitor. While the image is
zoomed in, press the A (L) button to toggle back and forth
between color balance and zoom. When zoom is selected, you can
zoom in and out with the X and W (Q) buttons and scroll the image
with the multi selector.
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154
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Image Overlay
Image overlay combines two existing NEF (RAW) photographs to create a single
picture that is saved separately from the originals; the results, which make use of RAW
data from the camera image sensor, are noticeably better than overlays created in an
imaging application. The new picture is saved at current image quality and size
settings; before creating an overlay, set image quality and size (0 44, 46; all options
are available). To create an NEF (RAW) copy, choose an image quality of NEF (RAW).
+
1
Select Image overlay.
Highlight Image overlay in the retouch menu
and press 2.
The dialog shown at right will be displayed, with
Image 1 highlighted; press J to display a list of
the NEF (RAW) pictures created with this camera.
2
Select the first image.
Use the multi selector to highlight the first
photograph in the overlay. To view the
highlighted photograph full frame, press and
hold the X button. Press J to select the
highlighted photograph and return to the
preview display.
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155
3
Select the second image.
The selected image will appear as Image 1. Highlight Image 2 and press J,
then select the second photo as described in Step 2.
4
Adjust gain.
Highlight Image 1 or Image 2 and optimize
exposure for the overlay by pressing 1 or 3 to
select gain from values between 0.1 and 2.0.
Repeat for the second image. The default value is
1.0; select 0.5 to halve gain or 2.0 to double it. The
effects of gain are visible in the Preview column.
5
Preview the overlay.
Press 4 or 2 to place the cursor in the Preview
column and press 1 or 3 to highlight Overlay.
Press J to preview the overlay as shown at right
(to save the overlay without displaying a preview,
select Save). To return to Step 4 and select new
photos or adjust gain, press W (Q).
6
Save the overlay.
Press J while the preview is displayed to save the
overlay. After an overlay is created, the resulting
image will be displayed full-frame in the monitor.
D
Image Overlay
The overlay has the same photo info (including date of recording, metering, shutter speed,
aperture, shooting mode, exposure compensation, focal length, and image orientation) and
values for white balance and Picture Control as the photograph selected for Image 1.
u
156
G button ➜ N retouch menu
NEF (RAW) Processing
Create JPEG copies of NEF (RAW) photographs.
1
Select NEF (RAW) processing.
Highlight NEF (RAW) processing in the retouch
menu and press 2 to display a picture selection
dialog listing only NEF (RAW) images created with
this camera.
2
Select a photograph.
Use the multi selector to highlight a photograph
(to view the highlighted photograph full frame,
press and hold the X button). Press J to select
the highlighted photograph and proceed to the
next step.
3
Adjust NEF (RAW) processing settings.
Adjust the settings listed below. Note that white balance is not available with
pictures created with image overlay, and that exposure compensation can only
be set to values between –2 and +2 EV.
Image quality (0 44)
Image size (0 46)
White balance (0 69)
Exposure compensation (0 63)
Picture Control (0 76)
High ISO NR (0 131)
Color space (0 130)
D-Lighting (0 151)
u
4
Copy the photograph.
Highlight EXE and press J to create a JPEG copy
of the selected photograph. The resulting image
will be displayed full-frame in the monitor. To exit
without copying the photograph, press the G
button.
157
Resize
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create small copies of selected photographs.
1
Select Resize.
To resize selected images, press G to display
the menus and select Resize in the retouch
menu.
2
Choose a size.
Highlight Choose size and press 2.
The options shown at right will be displayed;
highlight an option and press J.
3
Choose pictures.
Highlight Select image and press 2.
Highlight pictures using the multi selector and
press the W (Q) button to select or deselect (to
view the highlighted picture full screen, press and
hold the X button). Selected pictures are marked
by a 0 icon. Press J when the selection is
complete.
u
4
Save the resized copies.
A confirmation dialog will be displayed.
Highlight Yes and press J to save the resized
copies.
158
A
Viewing Resized Copies
Playback zoom may not be available when resized copies are displayed.
A
Image Quality
Copies created from NEF (RAW) or NEF (RAW) + JPEG photos have an image quality (0 44) of
JPEG fine; copies created from JPEG photos have the same image quality as the original.
Quick Retouch
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create copies with enhanced saturation and contrast.
D-Lighting is applied as required to brighten dark or backlit
subjects.
Press 1 or 3 to choose the amount of enhancement. The effect
can be previewed in the edit display. Press J to copy the
photograph.
Straighten
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create a straightened copy of the selected image. Press 2 to
rotate the image clockwise by up to five degrees in increments
of approximately 0.25 degrees, 4 to rotate it counterclockwise
(the effect can be previewed in the edit display; note that edges
of the image will be trimmed to create a square copy). Press J
to copy the photograph, or press K to exit to playback without
creating a copy.
Distortion Control
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create copies with reduced peripheral distortion. Select Auto
to let the camera correct distortion automatically and then
make fine adjustments using the multi selector, or select
Manual to reduce distortion manually (note that Auto is not
available with photos taken using auto distortion control; see
page 130). Press 2 to reduce barrel distortion, 4 to reduce pincushion distortion (the effect can be previewed in the edit display; note that greater
amounts of distortion control result in more of the edges being cropped out). Press
J to copy the photograph, or press K to exit to playback without creating a copy.
u
D
Auto
Auto is for use only with pictures taken with type G and D lenses (PC, fisheye, and certain
other lenses excluded). Results are not guaranteed with other lenses.
159
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Fisheye
Create copies that appear to have been taken with a fisheye
lens. Press 2 to increase the effect (this also increases the
amount that will be cropped out at the edges of the image), 4
to reduce it. The effect can be previewed in the edit display.
Press J to copy the photograph, or press K to exit to playback
without creating a copy.
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Color Outline
Create an outline copy of a photograph to use as a base for
painting. The effect can be previewed in the edit display. Press
J to copy the photograph.
Before
Color Sketch
After
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create a copy of a photograph that resembles a sketch made
with colored pencils. Press 1 or 3 to highlight Vividness or
Outlines and press 4 or 2 to change. Vividness can be
increased to make colors more saturated, or decreased for a
washed-out, monochromatic effect, while outlines can be made
thicker or thinner. Thicker outlines make colors more saturated.
The results can be previewed in the edit display. Press J to copy the photograph, or
press K to exit to playback without creating a copy.
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160
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Perspective Control
Create copies that reduce the effects of perspective taken from
the base of a tall object. Use the multi selector to adjust
perspective (note that greater amounts of perspective control
result in more of the edges being cropped out). The results can
be previewed in the edit display. Press J to copy the
photograph, or press K to exit to playback without creating a
copy.
Before
After
u
161
Miniature Effect
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create a copy that appears to be a photo of a diorama. Works best with photos taken
from a high vantage point. The area that will be in focus in the copy is indicated by a
yellow frame.
To
Choose
orientation
Press
Description
W (Q) Press W (Q) to choose orientation of area that is in focus.
If area of effect is in wide orientation, press 1 or
3 to position frame showing area of copy that
will be in focus.
Choose area
in focus
Area in focus
If area of effect is in tall orientation, press 4 or 2
to position frame showing area of copy that will
be in focus.
If area of effect is in wide orientation, press 4 or 2 to choose height.
Choose size
If area of effect is in tall orientation, press 1 or 3 to choose width.
Preview copy
Cancel
Create copy
u
162
X
K
Preview copy.
Exit to full-frame playback without creating copy.
Create copy.
Selective Color
G button ➜ N retouch menu
Create a copy in which only selected hues appear in color.
1
Select Selective color.
Highlight Selective color in the retouch menu
and press 2 to display a picture selection dialog.
2
Select a photograph.
Highlight a photograph (to view the highlighted
photograph full frame, press and hold the X
button). Press J to select the highlighted
photograph and proceed to the next step.
3
Select a color.
Selected color
Use the multi selector to position the cursor
over an object and press A (L) to select
the color of the object as one that will
remain in the final copy (the camera may
have difficulty detecting unsaturated colors;
choose a saturated color). To zoom in on the A (L) button
picture for precise color selection, press X.
Press W (Q) to zoom out.
4
Highlight the color range.
Color range
Rotate the command dial to highlight the color
range for the selected color.
u
163
5
Choose the color range.
Press 1 or 3 to increase or decrease the range of
similar hues that will be included in the final
photograph or movie. Choose from values
between 1 and 7; note that higher values may
include hues from other colors. The effect can be
previewed in the edit display.
6
Select additional colors.
To select additional colors, rotate the command
dial to highlight another of the three color boxes
at the top of the display and repeat Steps 3–5 to
select another color. Repeat for a third color if
desired. To deselect the highlighted color, press
O (To remove all colors, press and hold O. A confirmation dialog will be
displayed; select Yes).
7
Save the edited copy.
Press J to copy the photograph.
u
164
Side-by-side Comparison
Compare retouched copies to the original photographs. This option is only available
if the J button is pressed to display the retouch menu when a copy or original is
played back full frame.
1
Select a picture.
Select a retouched copy (shown by a N icon) or a
photograph that has been retouched in fullframe playback and press J.
2
Select Side-by-side comparison.
Highlight Side-by-side comparison in the
retouch menu and press J.
3
Compare the copy with the original.
Options used to create
copy
The source image is displayed on the left, the
retouched copy on the right, with the options
used to create the copy listed at the top of the
display. Press 4 or 2 to switch between the
source image and the retouched copy. To view
the highlighted picture full frame, press and hold
the X button. If the copy was created from two
Source Retouched
images using Image overlay, press 1 or 3 to
image
copy
view the other source image. If multiple copies
exist for the current source image, press 1 or 3 to view the other copies. To
exit to playback mode, press the K button, or press J to return to playback
with the highlighted image displayed.
D
Side-by-side comparison
The source image will not be displayed if the copy was created from a photograph that has
since been deleted or that was protected when the copy was made (0 105).
u
165
m Recent Settings
To display the recent settings menu, press G and select the m (recent settings) tab.
G button
The recent settings menu lists the twenty most recently used
settings. Press 1 or 3 to highlight an option and press 2 to
select.
A
Removing Items from the Recent Settings Menu
To remove an item from the recent settings menu, highlight it and press the O button. A
confirmation dialog will be displayed; press O again to delete the selected item.
w
166
nTechnical Notes
Read this chapter for information on compatible accessories, cleaning and storing
the camera, and what to do if an error message is displayed or you encounter
problems using the camera.
Compatible Lenses
Compatible CPU Lenses
This camera supports autofocus with AF-S and AF-I CPU lenses only. AF-S lenses have
names beginning with AF-S, AF-I lenses names beginning with AF-I. Autofocus is not
supported with other autofocus (AF) lenses. The following table lists the features
available with compatible lenses in viewfinder photography:
Camera setting
Focus
Mode
Metering
L
MF (with electronic
M
rangefinder)
Lens/accessory
AF
MF M Other modes 3D Color N
z
z
z z
z
z — z2
AF-S, AF-I NIKKOR 1
Other type G or D AF NIKKOR 1
—
z
z z
z
z — z2
PC-E NIKKOR series
—
z3
z z3
z3
z 3 — z 2, 3
4
3
PC Micro 85mm f/2.8D
—
z
z z
—
z — z 2, 3
AF-S/AF-I teleconverter 5
z6
z6
z z
z
z — z2
Other AF NIKKOR (except lenses for F3AF)
—
z7
z z
z
— ✔ z2
8
AI-P NIKKOR
—
z
z z
z
— ✔ z2
1 Use AF-S or AF-I lenses to get the most from your camera. Vibration Reduction (VR) supported with VR
lenses.
2 Spot metering meters selected focus point (0 60).
3 Can not be used with shifting or tilting.
4 The camera’s exposure metering and flash control systems may not function as expected when the
lens is shifted and/or tilted or an aperture other than the maximum aperture is used.
5 AF-S or AF-I lens required.
6 With maximum effective aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
7 When AF 80–200mm f/2.8, AF 35–70mm f/2.8, AF 28–85mm f/3.5–4.5 (New), or AF 28–85mm f/3.5–4.5
lenses are zoomed all the way in at the minimum focus distance, the in-focus indicator may be
displayed when the image on the matte screen in the viewfinder is not in focus. Focus manually until
image in viewfinder is in focus.
8 With maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
D
IX NIKKOR Lenses
IX NIKKOR lenses can not be used.
n
A
Lens f-number
The f-number given in lens names is the maximum aperture of the lens.
167
A
Identifying CPU and Type G and D Lenses
CPU lenses can be identified by the presence of CPU contacts, type G and D lenses by a letter
on the lens barrel. Type G lenses are not equipped with a lens aperture ring.
CPU contacts
CPU lens
n
168
Aperture ring
Type G lens
Type D lens
Compatible Non-CPU Lenses
Non-CPU lenses may only be used when the camera is in mode M. Selecting another
mode disables the shutter release. Aperture must be adjusted manually via the lens
aperture ring and the camera metering system, i-TTL flash control, and other features
requiring a CPU lens can not be used. Some non-CPU lenses can not be used; see
“Incompatible Accessories and Non-CPU Lenses,” below.
Camera setting
Focus
MF (with electronic
rangefinder)
z1
z
—
z4
z5
z1
Mode
Metering
Lens/accessory
AF
MF M Other modes L, M, N
z z2
—
—
AI-, AI-modified NIKKOR or Nikon Series E lenses
—
—
—
Medical NIKKOR 120mm f/4
—
z z 2, 3
—
—
Reflex NIKKOR
—
z z2
z z2
—
—
PC NIKKOR
—
z z2
—
—
AI-type Teleconverter
—
—
z z2
—
—
PB-6 Bellows Focusing Attachment 6
Auto extension rings (PK-series 11A, 12, or 13;
1
2
z z
—
—
—
z
PN-11)
1 With maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
2 Exposure indicator can not be used.
3 Can be used at shutter speeds slower than flash sync speed by one step or more.
4 Can not be used with shifting or tilting.
5 With maximum effective aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
6 Attach in vertical orientation (can be used in horizontal orientation once attached).
D
Incompatible Accessories and Non-CPU Lenses
The following accessories and non-CPU lenses can NOT be used with the D3200:
• TC-16AS AF teleconverter
• Non-AI lenses
• Lenses that require the AU-1 focusing unit (400mm f/4.5, 600mm f/5.6, 800mm f/8,
1200mm f/11)
• Fisheye (6mm f/5.6, 7.5mm f/5.6, 8mm f/8, OP 10mm f/5.6)
• 2.1cm f/4
• Extension Ring K2
• 180–600mm f/8 ED (serial numbers 174041–174180)
• 360–1200mm f/11 ED (serial numbers 174031–174127)
• 200–600mm f/9.5 (serial numbers 280001–300490)
• AF lenses for the F3AF (AF 80mm f/2.8, AF 200mm f/3.5 ED, AF Teleconverter TC-16)
• PC 28mm f/4 (serial number 180900 or earlier)
• PC 35mm f/2.8 (serial numbers 851001–906200)
• PC 35mm f/3.5 (old type)
• Reflex 1000mm f/6.3 (old type)
• Reflex 1000mm f/11 (serial numbers 142361–143000)
• Reflex 2000mm f/11 (serial numbers 200111–200310)
n
169
D
The Built-in Flash
The built-in flash can be used with lenses with focal lengths of 18–300 mm, although in
some cases the flash may be unable to entirely light the subject at some ranges or focal
lengths due to shadows cast by the lens, while lenses that block the subject’s view of the redeye reduction lamp may interfere with red-eye reduction. Remove lens hoods to prevent
shadows. The flash has a minimum range of 0.6 m and can not be used in the macro range
of macro zoom lenses. The flash may be unable to light the entire subject with the following
lenses at ranges less than those given below:
Lens
AF-S DX NIKKOR 10–24mm f/3.5–4.5G ED
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 12–24mm f/4G IF-ED
AF-S NIKKOR 16–35mm f/4G ED VR
AF-S DX NIKKOR 16–85mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR
Zoom position Minimum distance without vignetting
24 mm
2.5 m/ 8 ft 2in.
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
35 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
24–85 mm
No vignetting
28 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 17–35mm f/2.8D IF-ED
35 mm
No vignetting
28 mm
1.5 m/ 4 ft 11 in.
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 17–55mm f/2.8G IF-ED
35 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
45–55 mm
No vignetting
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
AF Zoom-Nikkor 18–35mm f/3.5–4.5D IF-ED
28–35 mm
No vignetting
18 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 18–70mm f/3.5–4.5G IF-ED
24–70 mm
No vignetting
18 mm
3.0 m/ 9 ft 10in.
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–105mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
18 mm
2.0 m/ 6 ft 7 in.
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 18–135mm f/3.5–5.6G IF-ED
24–135 mm
No vignetting
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor 18–200mm f/3.5–5.6G IF-ED,
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–200mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR II
35–200 mm
No vignetting
24 mm
2.5 m/ 8 ft 2 in.
AF Zoom-Nikkor 20–35mm f/2.8D IF
28 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
35 mm
No vignetting
AF-S NIKKOR 24mm f/1.4G ED
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
35 mm
1.5 m/ 4 ft 11 in.
AF-S NIKKOR 24–70mm f/2.8G ED
50–70 mm
No vignetting
24 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 24–120mm f/3.5–5.6G IF-ED
28–120 mm
No vignetting
AF-S NIKKOR 24–120mm f/4G ED VR
24 mm
1.5 m/ 4 ft 11 in.
35 mm
1.5 m/ 4 ft 11 in.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 28–70mm f/2.8D IF-ED
50–70 mm
No vignetting
28 mm
1.5 m/ 4 ft 11 in.
AF-S NIKKOR 28–300mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR
35 mm
1.0 m/ 3 ft 3 in.
n
170
Lens
Zoom position Minimum distance without vignetting
250 mm
2.5 m/8 ft 2in.
350 mm
2.0 m/6 ft 7 in.
200 mm
5.0 m/16 ft 5 in.
250 mm
3.0 m/9 ft 10 in.
300 mm
2.5 m/8 ft 2 in.
350–400 mm
No vignetting
24 mm
3.0 m/9 ft 10 in.
AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 200–400mm f/4G IF-ED
AF-S NIKKOR 200–400mm f/4G ED VR II
PC-E NIKKOR 24mm f/3.5D ED *
* When not shifted or tilted.
When used with the AF-S NIKKOR 14–24mm f/2.8G ED, the flash will be unable to light the
entire subject at all ranges.
D
AF-Assist Illumination
AF-assist illumination is not available with the following lenses:
•
•
•
•
•
AF-S NIKKOR 14–24mm f/2.8G ED
AF-S NIKKOR 28–300mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR
AF-S DX NIKKOR 55–300mm f/4.5–5.6G ED VR
AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 70–200mm f/2.8G IF-ED
AF-S NIKKOR 70–200mm f/2.8G ED VR II
•
•
•
•
•
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 80–200mm f/2.8D IF-ED
AF-S VR Nikkor 200mm f/2G IF-ED
AF-S NIKKOR 200mm f/2G ED VR II
AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 200–400mm f/4G IF-ED
AF-S NIKKOR 200–400mm f/4G ED VR II
At ranges under 1 m (3 ft 3 in.), the following lenses may block the AF-assist illuminator and
interfere with autofocus when lighting is poor:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AF-S NIKKOR 16–35mm f/4G ED VR
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 17–35mm f/2.8D IF-ED
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 17–55mm f/2.8G IF-ED
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–105mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR
AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor 18–200mm f/3.5–5.6G IF-ED
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–200mm f/3.5–5.6G ED VR II
AF-S NIKKOR 24–70mm f/2.8G ED
• AF-S VR Zoom-Nikkor 24–120mm f/3.5–5.6G
IF-ED
• AF-S NIKKOR 24–120mm f/4G ED VR
• AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 28–70mm f/2.8D IF-ED
• AF-S NIKKOR 35mm f/1.4G
• AF-S NIKKOR 85mm f/1.4G
• AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED
A
Calculating Angle of View
The size of the area exposed by a 35mm camera is 36 × 24 mm. The size of the area exposed
by the D3200, in contrast, is 23.2 × 15.4 mm, meaning that the angle of view of a 35mm
camera is approximately 1.5 times that of the D3200. The approximate focal length of lenses
for the D3200 in 35mm format can be calculated by multiplying the focal length of the lens
by about 1.5.
Picture size (35mm format)
(36 × 24 mm)
Lens
Picture diagonal
Picture size (D3200)
(23.2 × 15.4 mm)
Angle of view (35mm format)
Angle of view (D3200)
n
171
Optional Flash Units (Speedlights)
The camera supports the Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS) and can be used with
CLS-compatible flash units. Optional flash units can be attached directly to the
camera accessory shoe as described below. The accessory shoe is equipped with a
safety lock for flash units with a locking pin.
1
Remove the accessory shoe cover.
2
Mount the flash unit on the accessory shoe.
See the manual provided with the flash unit for details.
The built-in flash will not fire when an optional flash unit is
attached.
A
The AS-15 Sync Terminal Adapter
When the AS-15 sync terminal adapter (available separately) is mounted on the camera
accessory shoe, flash accessories can be connected via a sync cable.
Use Only Nikon Flash Accessories
n D
Use only Nikon flash units. Negative voltages or voltages over 250 V applied to the accessory
shoe could not only prevent normal operation, but damage the sync circuitry of the camera
or flash. Before using a Nikon flash unit not listed in this section, contact a Nikon-authorized
service representative for more information.
172
The Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)
Nikon’s advanced Creative Lighting System (CLS) offers improved communication
between the camera and compatible flash units for improved flash photography.
❚❚ CLS-Compatible Flash Units
The camera can be used with the following CLS-compatible flash units:
Flash unit
SB-910 1
SB-900 1
SB-800
SB-700 1
SB-600
SB-400 2
SB-R200 3
ISO 100
34/111
34/111
38/125
28/92
30/98
21/69
10/33
Guide No. 4
ISO 200
48/157
48/157
53/174
39/128
42/138
30/98
14/46
1 If a color filter is attached to the SB-910, SB-900, or SB-700 when AUTO or N (flash) is selected for white
balance, the camera will automatically detect the filter and adjust white balance appropriately.
2 Wireless flash control is not available with the SB-400.
3 Controlled remotely using optional SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, or SB-700 flash unit or SU-800 wireless
Speedlight commander.
4 m/ft, 20 °C (68 °F), SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, and SB-600 at 35 mm zoom head position; SB-910,
SB-900, and SB-700 with standard illumination.
Feature
• The SU-800 wireless speedlight commander: When mounted on a CLS-compatible
camera, the SU-800 can be used as a commander for remote SB-910, SB-900,
SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, or SB-R200 flash units in up to three groups. The SU-800
itself is not equipped with a flash.
A
Guide Number
To calculate the range of the flash at full power, divide the Guide Number by the aperture.
For example, at ISO 100 the SB-800 has a Guide Number of 38 m or 125 ft (35 mm zoom head
position); its range at an aperture of f/5.6 is 38÷5.6 or about 6.8 meters (or in feet,
125÷5.6=approximately 23 ft 7 in.). For each twofold increase in ISO sensitivity, multiply the
Guide Number by the square root of two (approximately 1.4).
n
173
The following features are available with CLS-compatible flash units:
Flash unit
Advanced Wireless Lighting
Master/commander
Remote
SB-910
SB-910
SB-910
SB-900
SB-900
SB-900 SB-700
SB-800 SB-700 SB-600 SB-400 SB-800 SB-700 SU-800 1 SB-800 SB-600 SB-R200
Flash mode/feature
i-TTL balanced fill-flash for
z3
z4
z3
z4
z
z
z
z
z
z
i-TTL
digital SLR 2
AA Auto aperture 2
z5
—
—
—
z6
—
z6
z6
—
—
—
—
—
z6
—
—
z6
—
—
A Non-TTL auto
z5
GN Distance-priority manual
z
z
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
M Manual
z
z
z
z7
z
z
z
z
z
z
RPT Repeating flash
z
—
—
—
z
—
z
z
z
—
z
z
z
—
z
z
z
—
—
—
AF-assist for multi-area AF 2
Flash Color Information
z
z
z
z
z
z
—
—
—
—
Communication
REAR Rear-curtain sync
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
Y Red-eye reduction
z
z
z
z
z
z
—
—
—
—
Power zoom
z
z
z
—
z
z
—
—
—
—
1 Only available when SU-800 is used to control other flash units. The SU-800 itself is not equipped with
a flash.
2 CPU lens required.
3 Standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR is used with spot metering or when selected with flash unit.
4 Standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR is used with spot metering.
5 Selected with flash unit.
6 Auto aperture (AA) is used regardless of mode selected with flash unit.
7 Can be selected with camera.
❚❚ Other Flash Units
The following flash units can be used in non-TTL auto and manual modes.
Flash unit SB-80DX, SB-28DX, SB-28,
SB-30, SB-27 2, SB-22S,
SB-23, SB-29 3,
SB-26, SB-25, SB-24
SB-22, SB-20, SB-16B, SB-15 SB-21B 3, SB-29S 3
Flash mode
SB-50DX 1
A Non-TTL auto
z
—
z
—
M Manual
z
z
z
z
G Repeating flash
z
—
—
—
z
z
z
z
REAR Rear-curtain sync 4
1 Select mode P, S, A, or M, lower built-in flash, and use optional flash unit only.
2 Flash mode is automatically set to TTL and shutter-release is disabled. Set flash unit to A (non-TTL auto
flash).
3 Autofocus is available with AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED and AF-S Micro NIKKOR 60mm
f/2.8G ED lenses only.
4 Available when camera is used to select flash mode.
n
174
D
Notes on Optional Flash Units
Refer to the Speedlight manual for detailed instructions. If the flash unit supports CLS, refer
to the section on CLS-compatible digital SLR cameras. The D3200 is not included in the
“digital SLR” category in the SB-80DX, SB-28DX, and SB-50DX manuals.
If an optional flash unit is attached in shooting modes other than j, the flash will fire with
every shot, even in modes in which the built-in flash can not be used (l and m).
i-TTL flash control can be used at ISO sensitivities between 100 and 6400. At values over
6400, the desired results may not be achieved at some ranges or aperture settings. If the
flash-ready indicator flashes for about three seconds after a photograph is taken, the flash
has fired at full power and the photograph may be underexposed.
When an SC-series 17, 28, or 29 sync cable is used for off-camera flash photography, correct
exposure may not be achieved in i-TTL mode. We recommend that you choose spot
metering to select standard i-TTL flash control. Take a test shot and view the results in the
monitor.
In i-TTL, use the flash panel or bounce adapter provided with the flash unit. Do not use other
panels such as diffusion panels, as this may produce incorrect exposure.
If the controls on the optional SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700 or SB-600 flash unit or SU-800
wireless Speedlight commander are used to set flash compensation, Y will appear in the
information display.
The SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, and SB-400 provide red-eye reduction, while the
SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, and SU-800 provide AF-assist illumination with the
following restrictions:
• SB-910 and SB-900: AF-assist illumination is available with
17–135 mm AF lenses, however, autofocus is available
only with the focus points shown at right.
17–105 mm
106–135 mm
• SB-800, SB-600, and SU-800: AF-assist illumination is
available with 24–105 mm AF lenses, however,
autofocus is available only with the focus points shown
at right.
24–34 mm
35–105 mm
• SB-700: AF-assist illumination is available with 24–
135 mm AF lenses, however, autofocus is available only
with the focus points shown at right.
24–135 mm
n
175
Other Accessories
At the time of writing, the following accessories were available for the D3200.
Power
sources
Filters
Viewfinder
eyepiece
accessories
Software
n
176
• Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL14 (0 12–13): Additional EN-EL14 batteries are
available from local retailers and Nikon-authorized service representatives.
• Battery Charger MH-24 (0 12): Recharge EN-EL14 batteries.
• Power Connector EP-5A, AC Adapter EH-5b: These accessories can be used to power
the camera for extended periods (EH-5a and EH-5 AC adapters can also be
used). A power connector EP-5A is required to connect the camera to the
EH-5b, EH-5a, or EH-5; see page 178 for details.
• Filters intended for special-effects photography may interfere with autofocus
or the electronic rangefinder.
• The D3200 can not be used with linear polarizing filters. Use C-PL or C-PL II
circular polarizing filters instead.
• NC filters are recommended for protecting the lens.
• To prevent ghosting, use of a filter is not recommended when the subject is
framed against a bright light, or when a bright light source is in the frame.
• Center-weighted metering is recommended with filters with exposure factors
(filter factors) over 1 × (Y44, Y48, Y52, O56, R60, X0, X1, C-PL, ND2S, ND4, ND4S,
ND8, ND8S, ND400, A2, A12, B2, B8, B12). See the filter manual for details.
• DK-20C Eyepiece Correction Lenses: Lenses are available with diopters of –5, –4, –3,
–2, 0, +0.5, +1, +2, and +3 m–1 when the camera diopter adjustment control is
in the neutral position (–1 m–1). Use eyepiece correction lenses only if the
desired focus can not be achieved with the built in diopter adjustment control
(–1.7 to +0.5 m–1). Test eyepiece correction lenses before purchase to ensure
that the desired focus can be achieved. The rubber eyecup can not be used
with eyepiece correction lenses.
• Magnifier DG-2: The DG-2 magnifies the scene displayed in the center of the
viewfinder for greater precision during focusing. Eyepiece adapter required
(available separately).
• Eyepiece Adapter DK-22: The DK-22 is used when attaching the DG-2 magnifier.
• Right-Angle Viewing Attachment DR-6: The DR-6 attaches at a right angle to the
viewfinder eyepiece, allowing the image in the viewfinder to be viewed at
right angles to the lens (for example, from directly above when the camera is
horizontal).
Capture NX 2: A complete photo editing package offering such features as white
balance adjustment and color control points.
Note: Use the latest versions of Nikon software. Most Nikon software offers an
auto update feature when the computer is connected to the Internet. See the
websites listed on page xiv for the latest information on supported operating
systems.
Body cap
Body Cap BF-1B/Body Cap BF-1A: The body cap keeps the mirror, viewfinder screen,
and low-pass filter free of dust when a lens is not in place.
ML-L3 wireless remote control (0 33): The ML-L3 uses a 3 V CR2025 battery.
Remote
controls
Pressing the battery-chamber latch to the right (q), insert a fingernail into the
gap and open the battery chamber (w). Ensure that the battery is inserted in the
correct orientation (r).
Microphones Stereo Microphone ME-1 (0 91)
The D3200 is equipped with an accessory terminal for
MC-DC2 remote cords (0 58) and GP-1 GPS units (0 147),
Accessory
which connect with the 4 mark on the connector
terminal
aligned with the 2 next to the accessory terminal
accessories (close the connector cover when the terminal is not in
use).
USB and A/V • UC-E17 and UC-E6 USB cables (0 112)
connector
• Wireless Mobile Adapter WU-1a: Supports two-way communication between the
accessories
camera and smart devices running the Wireless Mobile Adapter Utility.
Approved Memory Cards
The following SD memory cards have been tested and approved for use in the D3200.
Cards with class 6 or faster write speeds are recommended for movie recording.
Recording may end unexpectedly when cards with slower write speeds are used.
SD memory cards
SanDisk
Toshiba
Panasonic
Lexar Media
Platinum II
Professional
Full-HD Video
SDHC memory cards 2
4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB
SDXC memory cards 3
64 GB
4 GB, 6 GB, 8 GB, 12 GB, 16 GB, 24 GB, 32 GB 48 GB, 64 GB
2 GB 1
4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB
—
4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB, 64 GB, 128 GB
4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB
—
1 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used support 2 GB cards.
2 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used are SDHC-compliant. The
camera supports UHS-1.
3 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used are
SDXC-compliant. The camera supports UHS-1.
Other cards have not been tested. For more details on the above cards, please
contact the manufacturer.
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177
Attaching a Power Connector and AC Adapter
Turn the camera off before attaching an optional power connector and AC adapter.
1
Ready the camera.
Open the battery-chamber (q) and power connector (w)
covers.
2
Insert the EP-5A power connector.
Be sure to insert the connector in the orientation shown,
using the connector to keep the orange battery latch
pressed to one side. The latch locks the connector in place
when the connector is fully inserted.
3
Close the battery-chamber cover.
Position the power connector cable so that it passes
through the power connector slot and close the batterychamber cover.
4
Connect the AC adapter.
Connect the AC adapter power cable to the AC socket on AC adapter (e) and
the EP-5A power cable to the DC socket (r). A P icon is displayed in the
monitor when the camera is powered by the AC adapter and power connector.
e
r
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178
Caring for the Camera
Storage
When the camera will not be used for an extended period, remove the battery and
store it in a cool, dry area with the terminal cover in place. To prevent mold or
mildew, store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated area. Do not store your camera
with naphtha or camphor moth balls or in locations that:
• are poorly ventilated or subject to humidities of over 60%
• are next to equipment that produces strong electromagnetic fields, such as
televisions or radios
• are exposed to temperatures above 50 °C (122 °F) or below –10 °C (14 °F)
Cleaning
Use a blower to remove dust and lint, then wipe gently with a soft, dry cloth. After
using the camera at the beach or seaside, wipe off sand or salt with a cloth lightly
dampened in distilled water and dry thoroughly. Important: Dust or other foreign
matter inside the camera may cause damage not covered under warranty.
These glass elements are easily damaged. Remove dust and lint with a blower. If
Lens,
using an aerosol blower, keep the can vertical to prevent the discharge of liquid. To
mirror, and
remove fingerprints and other stains, apply a small amount of lens cleaner to a soft
viewfinder
cloth and clean with care.
Remove dust and lint with a blower. When removing fingerprints and other stains,
Monitor
wipe the surface lightly with a soft cloth or chamois leather. Do not apply pressure,
as this could result in damage or malfunction.
Camera
body
Do not use alcohol, thinner, or other volatile chemicals.
D
Servicing the Camera and Accessories
The camera is a precision device and requires regular servicing. Nikon recommends that the
camera be inspected by the original retailer or Nikon-authorized service representative once
every one to two years, and that it be serviced once every three to five years (note that fees
apply to these services). Frequent inspection and servicing are particularly recommended if
the camera is used professionally. Any accessories regularly used with the camera, such as
lenses or optional flash units, should be included when the camera is inspected or serviced.
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179
The Low-Pass Filter
The image sensor that acts as the camera’s picture element is fitted with a low-pass
filter to prevent moiré. If you suspect that dirt or dust on the filter is appearing in
photographs, you can clean the filter using the Clean image sensor option in the
setup menu. The filter can be cleaned at any time using the Clean now option, or
cleaning can be performed automatically when the camera is turned on or off.
❚❚ “Clean Now”
1
Place the camera base down.
Image sensor cleaning is most effective when
the camera is placed base down as shown at
right.
2
Select Clean image sensor in the setup
menu.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Clean image sensor in the setup
menu (0 133) and press 2.
G button
3
Select Clean now.
Highlight Clean now and press J.
The camera will check the image sensor and then
begin cleaning. 1 flashes in the viewfinder
and other operations can not be performed. Do
not remove or disconnect the power source until
cleaning is complete and the message shown at
right is no longer displayed.
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180
❚❚ “Clean at Startup/Shutdown”
Choose from the following options:
Option
Description
The image sensor is automatically cleaned each time the camera is
5 Clean at startup
turned on.
Clean at
The image sensor is automatically cleaned during shutdown each
6
shutdown
time the camera is turned off.
Clean at startup & The image sensor is cleaned automatically at startup and at
7
shutdown
shutdown.
Cleaning off
Automatic image sensor cleaning off.
1
Select Clean image sensor in the setup
menu.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Clean image sensor in the setup
menu (0 133) and press 2.
G button
2
Select Clean at startup/shutdown.
Highlight Clean at startup/shutdown and
press 2.
3
Select an option.
Highlight an option and press J.
D
Image Sensor Cleaning
Using camera controls during startup interrupts image sensor cleaning. Image sensor
cleaning may not be performed at startup if the flash is charging.
Cleaning is performed by vibrating the low-pass filter. If dust can not be fully removed using
the options in the Clean image sensor menu, clean the image sensor manually (0 182) or
consult a Nikon-authorized service representative.
n
If image sensor cleaning is performed several times in succession, image sensor cleaning
may be temporarily disabled to protect the camera’s internal circuitry. Cleaning can be
performed again after a short wait.
181
❚❚ Manual Cleaning
If foreign matter can not be removed from the low-pass filter using the Clean image
sensor option in the setup menu (0 180), the filter can be cleaned manually as
described below. Note, however, that the filter is extremely delicate and easily
damaged. Nikon recommends that the filter be cleaned only by Nikon-authorized
service personnel.
1
Charge the battery or connect an AC adapter.
A reliable power source is required when inspecting or cleaning the low-pass
filter. Turn the camera off and insert a fully-charged EN-EL14 battery or connect
an optional EP-5A power connector and EH-5b AC adapter.
2
Remove the lens.
Turn the camera off and remove the lens.
3
Select Lock mirror up for cleaning.
Turn the camera on and press the G
button to display the menus. Highlight Lock
mirror up for cleaning in the setup menu
and press 2 (note that this option is not
available at battery levels of H or below). G button
4
Press J.
The message shown at right will be displayed in the
monitor. To restore normal operation without inspecting
the low-pass filter, turn the camera off.
5
Raise the mirror.
Press the shutter-release button all the way down. The
mirror will be raised and the shutter curtain will open,
revealing the low-pass filter.
6
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182
Examine the low-pass filter.
Holding the camera so that light falls on the low-pass filter,
examine the filter for dust or lint. If no foreign objects are
present, proceed to Step 8.
7
Clean the filter.
Remove any dust and lint from the filter with a blower. Do
not use a blower-brush, as the bristles could damage the
filter. Dirt that can not be removed with a blower can only
be removed by Nikon-authorized service personnel.
Under no circumstances should you touch or wipe the
filter.
8
Turn the camera off.
The mirror will return to the down position and the shutter curtain will close.
Replace the lens or body cap.
A
Use a Reliable Power Source
The shutter curtain is delicate and easily damaged. If the camera powers off while the mirror
is raised, the curtain will close automatically. To prevent damage to the curtain, observe the
following precautions:
• Do not turn the camera off or remove or disconnect the power source while the mirror is
raised.
• If the battery runs low while the mirror is raised, a beep will sound and the self-timer lamp
will flash to warn that the shutter curtain will close and the mirror will be lowered after
about two minutes. End cleaning or inspection immediately.
D
Foreign Matter on the Low-Pass Filter
Nikon takes every possible precaution to prevent foreign matter from coming into contact
with the low-pass filter during production and shipping. The D3200, however, is designed to
be used with interchangeable lenses, and foreign matter may enter the camera when lenses
are removed or exchanged. Once inside the camera, this foreign matter may adhere to the
low-pass filter, where it may appear in photographs taken under certain conditions. To
protect the camera when no lens is in place, be sure to replace the body cap provided with
the camera, being careful to first remove all dust and other foreign matter that may be
adhering to the body cap. Avoid exchanging lenses in dusty environments.
Should foreign matter find its way onto the low-pass filter, clean the filter as described
above, or have the filter cleaned by authorized Nikon service personnel. Photographs
affected by the presence of foreign matter on the filter can be retouched using Capture NX 2
(available separately; 0 176) or the clean image options available in some third-party
imaging applications.
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Caring for the Camera and Battery:
Cautions
Caring for the Camera
Do not drop: The product may malfunction if subjected to strong shocks or vibration.
Keep dry: This product is not waterproof, and may malfunction if immersed in water or exposed
to high levels of humidity. Rusting of the internal mechanism can cause irreparable damage.
Avoid sudden changes in temperature: Sudden changes in temperature, such as those that occur
when entering or leaving a heated building on a cold day, can cause condensation inside the
device. To prevent condensation, place the device in a carrying case or plastic bag before
exposing it to sudden changes in temperature.
Keep away from strong magnetic fields: Do not use or store this device in the vicinity of equipment
that generates strong electromagnetic radiation or magnetic fields. Strong static charges or
the magnetic fields produced by equipment such as radio transmitters could interfere with the
monitor, damage data stored on the memory card, or affect the product’s internal circuitry.
Do not leave the lens pointed at the sun: Do not leave the lens pointed at the sun or other strong light
source for an extended period. Intense light may cause the image sensor to deteriorate or
produce a white blur effect in photographs.
Turn the product off before removing or disconnecting the power source: Do not unplug the product or
remove the battery while the product is on or while images are being recorded or deleted.
Forcibly cutting power in these circumstances could result in loss of data or in damage to
product memory or internal circuitry. To prevent an accidental interruption of power, avoid
carrying the product from one location to another while the AC adapter is connected.
Cleaning: When cleaning the camera body, use a blower to gently remove dust and lint, then
wipe gently with a soft, dry cloth. After using the camera at the beach or seaside, wipe off any
sand or salt using a cloth lightly dampened in pure water and then dry the camera thoroughly.
The lens and mirror are easily damaged. Dust and lint should be gently removed with a blower.
When using an aerosol blower, keep the can vertical to prevent discharge of liquid. To remove
fingerprints and other stains from the lens, apply a small amount of lens cleaner to a soft cloth
and wipe the lens carefully.
See “The Low-Pass Filter” (0 180, 182) for information on cleaning the low-pass filter.
Do not touch the shutter curtain: The shutter curtain is extremely thin and easily damaged. Under
no circumstances should you exert pressure on the curtain, poke it with cleaning tools, or
subject it to powerful air currents from a blower. These actions could scratch, deform, or tear
the curtain.
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184
Storage: To prevent mold or mildew, store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated area. If you are
using an AC adapter, unplug the adapter to prevent fire. If the product will not be used for an
extended period, remove the battery to prevent leakage and store the camera in a plastic bag
containing a desiccant. Do not, however, store the camera case in a plastic bag, as this may
cause the material to deteriorate. Note that desiccant gradually loses its capacity to absorb
moisture and should be replaced at regular intervals.
To prevent mold or mildew, take the camera out of storage at least once a month. Turn the
camera on and release the shutter a few times before putting it away.
Store the battery in a cool, dry place. Replace the terminal cover before putting the battery
away.
Notes on the monitor: The monitor is constructed with extremely high precision; at least 99.99% of
pixels are effective, with no more than 0.01% being missing or defective. Hence while these
displays may contain pixels that are always lit (white, red, blue, or green) or always off (black),
this is not a malfunction and has no effect on images recorded with the device.
Images in the monitor may be difficult to see in a bright light.
Do not apply pressure to the monitor, as this could cause damage or malfunction. Dust or lint
on the monitor can be removed with a blower. Stains can be removed by wiping lightly with a
soft cloth or chamois leather. Should the monitor break, care should be taken to avoid injury
from broken glass and to prevent liquid crystal from the monitor touching the skin or entering
the eyes and mouth.
Moiré: Moiré is an interference pattern created by the interaction of an image containing a
regular, repeating grid, such as the pattern of weave in cloth or windows in a building, with the
camera image sensor grid. If you notice moiré in your photographs, try changing the distance
to the subject, zooming in and out, or changing the angle between the subject and the
camera.
Caring for the Battery
Batteries may leak or explode if improperly handled. Observe the following precautions when
handling batteries:
• Use only batteries approved for use in this equipment.
• Do not expose the battery to flame or excessive heat.
• Keep the battery terminals clean.
• Turn the product off before replacing the battery.
• Remove the battery from the camera or charger when not in use and replace the terminal
cover. These devices draw minute amounts of charge even when off and could draw the
battery down to the point that it will no longer function. If the battery will not be used for
some time, insert it in the camera and run it flat before removing it and storing it in a location
with an ambient temperature of 15 to 25 °C (59 to 77 °F; avoid hot or extremely cold
locations). Repeat this process at least once every six months.
• Turning the camera on and off repeatedly when the battery is fully discharged will shorten
battery life. Batteries that have been fully discharged must be charged before use.
n
185
• The internal temperature of the battery may rise while the battery is in use. Attempting to
charge the battery while the internal temperature is elevated will impair battery
performance, and the battery may not charge or charge only partially. Wait for the battery
to cool before charging.
• Continuing to charge the battery after it is fully charged can impair battery performance.
• A marked drop in the time a fully charged battery retains its charge when used at room
temperature indicates that it requires replacement. Purchase a new EN-EL14 battery.
• Charge the battery before use. When taking photographs on important occasions, ready a
spare EN-EL14 battery and keep it fully charged. Depending on your location, it may be
difficult to purchase replacement batteries on short notice. Note that on cold days, the
capacity of batteries tends to decrease. Be sure the battery is fully charged before taking
photographs outside in cold weather. Keep a spare battery in a warm place and exchange
the two as necessary. Once warmed, a cold battery may recover some of its charge.
• Used batteries are a valuable resource; recycle in accord with local regulations.
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186
Available Settings
The following table lists the settings that can be adjusted in each mode. Defaults can
be restored with Reset shooting menu (0 128).
Shooting menu
i j k
— — —
z z z
z z z
— — —
— — z
— — —
z z z
z z z
z z z
Viewfinder
z* z* z*
AF-area mode
Live view/movie
— — z*
Built-in AF-assist illuminator
z z z
Metering
— — —
Movie settings
z z z
Flash cntrl for built-in flash/Optional flash — — —
Release mode
z* z* z*
AE-L/AF-L button hold
— — z*
Focus mode
z z z
Flexible program
— — —
Exposure compensation
— — —
Flash mode
z* — z*
Flash compensation
— — —
* Reset when mode dial is rotated to new setting.
Set Picture Control
Image quality
Image size
White balance
ISO sensitivity settings
Active D-Lighting
Auto distortion control
Color space
Noise reduction
Other settings
l
—
z
z
—
z
—
z
z
z
z*
z*
—
—
z
—
z*
z*
z
—
—
—
—
p
—
z
z
—
z
—
z
z
z
z*
z*
z
—
z
—
z*
z*
z
—
—
z*
—
m
—
z
z
—
z
—
z
z
z
z*
z*
—
—
z
—
z*
z*
z
—
—
—
—
n
—
z
z
—
z
—
z
z
z
z*
z*
z
—
z
—
z*
z*
z
—
—
z*
—
o
—
z
z
—
z
—
z
z
z
z*
z*
z
—
z
—
z*
z*
z
—
—
z*
—
P
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z*
z
z
z
S
A M
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
z z z
— — —
z z z
z z z
z z z
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187
Memory Card Capacity
The following table shows the approximate number of pictures that can be stored on
a 8 GB SanDisk Extreme Pro SDHC UHS-I card at different image quality and size
settings. Note that buffer capacity drops at ISO sensitivities of 1600 or higher.
Image quality
NEF (RAW)+
JPEG fine 3
NEF (RAW)
Image size
File size 1
No. of images 1
Buffer capacity 2
Large
31.9 MB
171
10
—
20.4 MB
259
18
Large
11.9 MB
509
80
JPEG fine
Medium
7.4 MB
853
100
Small
3.8 MB
1600
100
Large
6.2 MB
1000
100
JPEG normal
Medium
3.7 MB
1600
100
Small
1.9 MB
3200
100
Large
3.0 MB
1900
100
JPEG basic
Medium
1.9 MB
3200
100
Small
1.0 MB
6300
100
1 All figures are approximate. Results will vary with card type, camera settings, and scene recorded.
2 Maximum number of exposures that can be stored in memory buffer at ISO 100. Drops when noise
reduction (0 131) or auto distortion control (0 130) is on.
3 Image size applies to JPEG images only. Size of NEF (RAW) images can not be changed. File size is the
total for NEF (RAW) and JPEG images.
A
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188
File Names
Photographs are stored as image files with names of the form “DSC_nnnn.xxx,” where nnnn
is a four-digit number between 0001 and 9999 assigned automatically in ascending order by
the camera, and xxx is one of the following three letter extensions: “NEF” for NEF images,
“JPG” for JPEG images, or “MOV” for movies. The NEF and JPEG files recorded at a setting of
NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine have the same file names but different extensions. Copies created
with image overlay (0 155) and movie edit options (0 93) have file names beginning with
“DSC_” ; copies created with the other options in the retouch menu have file names
beginning with “CSC” (e.g., “CSC_0001.JPG”). Images recorded with the Color space option
in the shooting menu set to Adobe RGB (0 130) have names that begin with an underscore
(e.g., “_DSC0001.JPG”).
Troubleshooting
If the camera fails to function as expected, check the list of common problems below
before consulting your retailer or Nikon representative.
Display
Viewfinder is out of focus: Adjust viewfinder focus or use optional eyepiece correction lenses
(0 20, 176).
Displays turn off without warning: Choose longer delays for Auto off timers (0 140).
Information display does not appear in monitor: Shutter-release button is pressed halfway. If
information display does not appear when you remove your finger from shutter-release
button, confirm that On is selected for Auto info display (0 136) and that battery is charged.
Viewfinder display is unresponsive and dim: The response times and brightness of this display vary
with temperature.
A
If the Camera Stops Responding
In extremely rare instances, the displays may not respond as expected and the camera may
stop functioning. In most cases, this phenomenon is caused by a strong external static
charge. Turn the camera off, remove and replace the battery, taking care to avoid burns, and
turn the camera on again, or, if you are using an AC adapter (available separately), disconnect
and reconnect the adapter and turn the camera on again. If the problem persists after
removing the battery from the camera, contact your retailer or Nikon-authorized service
representative.
Shooting (All Modes)
Camera takes time to turn on: Delete files or folders.
Shutter-release disabled:
• Memory card is locked, full, or not inserted (0 18, 21).
• Release locked is selected for Slot empty release lock; (0 144) and no memory card is
inserted (0 18).
• Built-in flash is charging (0 24).
• Camera is not in focus (0 23).
• CPU lens with aperture ring attached but aperture not locked at highest f-number (0 168).
• Non-CPU lens is attached but camera is not in mode M (0 169).
Only one shot taken each time shutter-release button is pressed in continuous shooting mode: Continuous
shooting is not available if built-in flash fires (0 32, 47).
Final photo is larger than area shown in viewfinder: Viewfinder horizontal and vertical frame coverage
is approximately 95%.
Photos are out of focus:
• AF-S or AF-I lens is not attached: use AF-S or AF-I lens or focus manually.
• Camera unable to focus using autofocus: use manual focus or focus lock (0 40, 42).
• Camera is in manual focus mode: focus manually (0 42).
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189
Focus does not lock when shutter-release button is pressed halfway: Use A (L) button to lock focus
when live view is off and AF-C is selected for focus mode or when photographing moving
subjects in AF-A mode (0 40).
Can not select focus point:
• e Auto-area AF selected for AF-area mode > Viewfinder (0 38, 39): choose another
mode.
• Press shutter-release button halfway to turn monitor off or start standby timer (0 24).
Can not select AF-area mode: Manual focus selected (0 35, 82).
Image size can not be changed: Image quality set to NEF (RAW) or NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine (0 45).
Camera is slow to record photos: Turn noise reduction off (0 131).
Noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) appear in photos:
• Choose lower ISO sensitivity or turn noise reduction on (0 131).
• Shutter speed is slower than 1 s: use noise reduction (0 131).
• Turn Active D-Lighting off to avoid heightening the effects of noise (0 67).
No photo taken when remote control shutter-release button is pressed:
• Replace battery in remote control (0 177).
• Choose remote control release mode (0 33).
• Flash is charging (0 24).
• Time selected for Remote on duration (0 141) has elapsed.
• Bright light is interfering with remote.
Beep does not sound:
• Off is selected for Beep (0 141).
• Camera is in quiet shutter-release mode (0 31), or movie is being recorded (0 88).
• MF or AF-C is selected as the focus mode or subject moves when AF-A is selected (0 35).
Smudges appear in photographs: Clean front and rear lens elements. If problem persists, perform
image sensor cleaning (0 180).
Date is not imprinted on photos: Image quality set to NEF (RAW) or NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine (0 45,
144).
Sound is not recorded with movies: Microphone off is selected for Movie settings > Microphone
(0 90).
Flicker or banding appears during live view or movie recording: Choose an option for Flicker reduction
that matches the frequency of the local AC power supply (0 136).
Menu item can not be selected: Some options are not available in all modes.
n
190
Shooting (P, S, A, M)
Shutter-release disabled:
• Non-CPU lens is attached: rotate camera mode dial to M (0 169).
• Mode dial rotated to S after shutter speed of “Bulb” or “Time” selected in mode M: choose
new shutter speed (0 55).
Full range of shutter speeds not available:
• Flash in use (0 50).
• When On is selected for Movie settings > Manual movie settings in the shooting menu,
the range of available shutter speed varies with the frame rate (0 91).
Colors are unnatural:
• Adjust white balance to match light source (0 69).
• Adjust Set Picture Control settings (0 76).
Can not measure white balance: Subject is too dark or too bright (0 73).
Image can not be selected as source for preset white balance: Image was not created with D3200 (0 75).
Effects of Picture Control differ from image to image: A (auto) is selected for sharpening, contrast, or
saturation. For consistent results over a series of photos, choose another setting (0 78).
Metering can not be changed: Autoexposure lock is in effect (0 61).
Exposure compensation can not be used: Choose mode P, S, or A (0 53, 63).
Noise (reddish areas or other artifacts) appears in long time-exposures: Turn noise reduction on (0 131).
Playback
NEF (RAW) image is not played back: Photo was taken at image quality of NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine
(0 45).
Some pictures are not displayed during playback: Select All for Playback folder. Note that Current is
automatically selected after photograph is taken (0 125).
“Tall” (portrait) orientation photos are displayed in “wide” (landscape) orientation:
• Select On for Rotate tall (0 126).
• Photo was taken with Off selected for Auto image rotation (0 138).
• Photo is displayed in image review (0 126).
• Camera was pointed up or down when photo was taken (0 138).
Can not delete picture:
• Picture is protected: remove protection (0 105).
• Memory card is locked (0 18).
Can not retouch picture: Photo can not be further edited with this camera (0 149).
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191
Can not change print order:
• Memory card is full: delete pictures (0 21, 106).
• Memory card is locked (0 18).
Can not select photo for printing: Photo is in NEF (RAW) format. Create JPEG copy using NEF (RAW)
processing or transfer to computer and print using supplied software or Capture NX 2 (0 111,
157).
Picture is not displayed on TV:
• Choose correct video mode (0 136) or output resolution (0 124).
• A/V (0 122) or HDMI (0 123) cable is not correctly connected.
Camera does not respond to remote control for HDMI-CEC television:
• Select On for HDMI > Device control in the setup menu (0 124).
• Adjust HDMI-CEC settings for the television as described in documentation provided with
the device.
Can not transfer photos to computer: OS not compatible with camera or transfer software. Use card
reader to copy photos to computer (0 111).
Photos are not displayed in Capture NX 2: Update to latest version (0 176).
Image Dust Off option in Capture NX 2 does not have desired effect: Image sensor cleaning changes the
position of dust on the low-pass filter. Image Dust Off reference data recorded before image
sensor cleaning is performed can not be used with photographs taken after image sensor
cleaning is performed. Image Dust Off reference data recorded after image sensor cleaning is
performed can not be used with photographs taken before image sensor cleaning is
performed (0 139).
Miscellaneous
Date of recording is not correct: Set camera clock (0 16, 137).
Menu item can not be selected: Some options are not available at certain combinations of settings
or when no memory card is inserted (0 18, 149, 187).
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192
Error Messages
This section lists the indicators and error messages that appear in the viewfinder and
monitor.
A
Warning Icons
A flashing d in the monitor or s in the viewfinder indicates that a warning or error message
can be displayed in the monitor by pressing the W (Q) button.
Indicator
Monitor
Lock lens aperture ring
at minimum aperture
(largest f/-number).
Lens not attached
Shutter release disabled.
Recharge battery.
This battery cannot be used.
Choose battery designated
for use in this camera.
Initialization error. Turn
camera off and then on
again.
Battery level is low.
Complete operation and turn
camera off immediately.
Clock not set
No SD card inserted
Memory card is locked.
Slide lock to “write” position.
This memory card cannot be
used. Card may be damaged.
Insert another card.
Viewfinder
Solution
0
B
(flashes)
Set lens aperture ring to minimum aperture
(highest f-number).
F/s
(flashes)
d/s
(flashes)
• Attach non-IX NIKKOR lens.
167
• If non-CPU lens is attached, select mode M.
57
Turn camera off and recharge or replace
12, 13
battery.
d
(flashes)
Use Nikon-approved battery.
176
Turn camera off, remove and replace battery,
and then turn camera on again.
2, 13
—
End cleaning and turn camera off and
recharge or replace battery.
183
—
Set camera clock.
16,
137
d/k
(flashes)
S/s
(flashes)
(
(flashes)
(/k
(flashes)
15,
168
Turn camera off and confirm that card is
18
correctly inserted.
Memory card is locked (write protected). Slide
18
card write-protect switch to “write” position.
• Use approved card.
177
• Format card. If problem persists, card may
19
be damaged. Contact Nikon-authorized
service representative.
• Error creating new folder. Delete files or
106
insert new memory card.
• Insert new memory card.
18
• Eye-Fi card is still emitting wireless signal
148
after Disable has been selected for Eye-Fi
upload. To terminate wireless transmission,
turn the camera off and remove the card.
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Indicator
Monitor
Not available if Eye-Fi card is
locked.
This card is not formatted.
Format card?
Viewfinder
(/k
(flashes)
T
(flashes)
j/A/s
(flashes)
Card is full
—
●
(flashes)
Subject is too bright
s
(flashes)
Subject is too dark
No Bulb in S mode
Flash error
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194
A
(flashes)
—
N
(flashes)
—
N/s
(flashes)
s
(flashes)
Solution
0
Eye-Fi card is locked (write protected). Slide
18
card write-protect switch to “write” position.
Format card or turn camera off and insert new
19
memory card.
• Reduce quality or size.
44
• Delete photographs.
106
• Insert new memory card.
18
23,
Camera can not focus using autofocus.
Change composition or focus manually.
36, 42
• Use a lower ISO sensitivity.
51
• Use commercial ND filter.
176
• In mode:
S Increase shutter speed
55
A Choose a smaller aperture (higher
56
f-number)
• Use a higher ISO sensitivity.
51
• Use flash.
47
• In mode:
S Lower shutter speed
55
A Choose a larger aperture (lower
56
f-number)
Change shutter speed or select manual
55, 57
exposure mode.
Flash has fired at full power. Check photo in
monitor; if underexposed, adjust settings and —
try again.
• Use the flash.
47
• Change distance to subject, aperture, flash
50,
range, or ISO sensitivity.
51, 56
• Lens focal length is less than 18 mm: use a
—
longer focal length.
• Optional SB-400 flash unit attached: flash is —
in bounce position or focus distance is very
short. Continue shooting; if necessary,
increase focus distance to prevent shadows
from appearing in photograph.
Error occurred updating firmware for optional
flash unit. Contact Nikon-authorized service
—
representative.
Indicator
Monitor
Viewfinder
Error. Press shutter release
button again.
Start-up error. Contact a
Nikon-authorized service
representative.
Metering error
Unable to start live view.
Please wait for camera to
cool.
O
(flashes)
—
Solution
Release shutter. If error persists or appears
frequently, consult Nikon-authorized service
representative.
Consult Nikon-authorized service
representative.
Wait for the internal circuits to cool before
resuming live view or movie recording.
Folder selected for playback contains no
images. Insert another memory card or select
a different folder.
Cannot display this file.
—
File can not be played back on camera.
Images created with other devices can not be
—
Cannot select this file.
retouched.
Memory card does not contain NEF (RAW)
No image for retouching.
—
images for use with NEF (RAW) processing.
Check printer. To resume, select Continue (if
Check printer.
—
available).
Paper is not selected size. Insert paper of
Check paper.
—
correct size and select Continue.
Paper jam.
—
Clear jam and select Continue.
Insert paper of selected size and select
Out of paper.
—
Continue.
Check ink supply.
—
Check ink. To resume, select Continue.
Out of ink.
—
Replace ink and select Continue.
* See printer manual for more information.
Folder contains no images.
—
0
—
—
86, 89
18,
125
—
150
157
—*
—*
—*
—*
—*
—*
n
195
Specifications
❚❚ Nikon D3200 Digital Camera
Type
Type
Lens mount
Single-lens reflex digital camera
Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Approx. 1.5 × lens focal length (35 mm format equivalent); Nikon DX
Effective angle of view
format
Effective pixels
Effective pixels
24.2 million
Image sensor
Image sensor
23.2 × 15.4 mm CMOS sensor
Total pixels
24.7 million
Dust-reduction System Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (optional
Capture NX 2 software required)
Storage
Image size (pixels)
• 6,016 × 4,000 (Large)
• 4,512 × 3,000 (Medium)
• 3,008 × 2,000 (Small)
File format
• NEF (RAW): 12 bit, compressed
• JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1 : 4), normal (approx.
1 : 8), or basic (approx. 1 : 16) compression
• NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and
JPEG formats
Picture Control System Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected
Picture Control can be modified
Media
SD (Secure Digital) and UHS-I compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards
File system
DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order
Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras)
2.3, PictBridge
Viewfinder
Viewfinder
Eye-level pentamirror single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverage
Approx. 95% horizontal and 95% vertical
Magnification
Approx. 0.8 × (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, –1.0 m–1)
Eyepoint
18 mm (–1.0 m–1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
Diopter adjustment
–1.7–+0.5 m–1
Focusing screen
Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen
Reflex mirror
Quick return
Lens aperture
Instant return, electronically controlled
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196
Lens
Compatible lenses
Autofocus is available with AF-S and AF-I lenses. Autofocus is not
available with other type G and D lenses, AF lenses (IX NIKKOR and lenses
for the F3AF are not supported), and AI-P lenses. Non-CPU lenses can be
used in mode M, but the camera exposure meter will not function.
The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a
maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
Shutter
Type
Speed
Flash sync speed
Release
Release mode
Frame advance rate
Self-timer
Exposure
Metering
Metering method
Range (ISO 100, f/1.4
lens, 20 °C/68 °F)
Exposure meter
coupling
Mode
Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
1/4000 – 30 s in steps of 1/3 EV; Bulb; Time (requires optional ML-L3 remote
control)
X= 1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower
8 (single frame), I (continuous), E (self-timer), " (delayed remote),
# (quick-response remote), J (quiet shutter release)
Up to 4 fps (manual focus, mode M or S, shutter speed 1/250 s or faster, and
other settings at default values)
2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1–9 exposures
TTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
• Matrix metering: 3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color
matrix metering II (other CPU lenses)
• Center-weighted metering: Weight of 75% given to 8-mm circle in center
of frame
• Spot metering: Meters 3.5-mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on
selected focus point
• Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0–20 EV
• Spot metering: 2–20 EV
CPU
Auto modes (i auto; j auto (flash off )); scene modes (k portrait;
l landscape; p child; m sports; n close up; o night portrait);
programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S);
aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
Exposure compensation –5 – +5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Exposure lock
Luminosity locked at detected value with A (L) button
ISO sensitivity
ISO 100 – 6400 in steps of 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 1 EV above
(Recommended
ISO 6400 (ISO 12800 equivalent); auto ISO sensitivity control available
Exposure Index)
Active D-Lighting
On, off
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197
Focus
Autofocus
Detection range
Lens servo
Focus point
AF-area mode
Focus lock
Flash
Built-in flash
Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase
detection, 11 focus points (including one cross-type sensor), and AFassist illuminator (range approx. 0.5–3 m/1 ft 8 in.–9 ft 10 in.)
–1 – +19 EV (ISO 100, 20 °C/68 °F)
• Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto
AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated
automatically according to subject status
• Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Can be selected from 11 focus points
Single-point AF, dynamic-area AF, auto-area AF, 3D-tracking (11 points)
Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (singleservo AF) or by pressing A (L) button
i, k, p, n, o: Auto flash with auto pop-up
P, S, A, M: Manual pop-up with button release
Guide Number
Approx. 12/39, 13/43 with manual flash (m/ft, ISO 100, 20 °C/68 °F)
Flash control
TTL: i-TTL flash control using 420-pixel RGB sensor is available with
built-in flash and SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, or SB-400; i-TTL
balanced fill-flash for digital SLR is used with matrix and center-weighted
metering, standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR with spot metering
Flash mode
Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with
red-eye reduction, fill-flash, red-eye reduction, slow sync, slow sync with
red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off
Flash compensation
–3 – +1 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Flash-ready indicator Lights when built-in flash or optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes
after flash is fired at full output
Accessory shoe
ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, or
System (CLS)
SB-700 as a master flash and SB-600 or SB-R200 as remotes, or SU-800 as
commander; Flash Color Information Communication supported with all
CLS-compatible flash units
Sync terminal
AS-15 sync terminal adapter (available separately)
White balance
White balance
Auto, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy,
shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine-tuning.
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198
Live view
Lens servo
AF-area mode
Autofocus
Automatic scene
selection
• Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time servo AF (AF-F)
• Manual focus (MF)
Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point
automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Available in i and j modes
Movie
Metering
Metering method
Frame size (pixels) and
frame rate
TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Matrix
• 1,920 × 1,080, 30 p (progressive)/25p/24p, ★ high/normal
• 1,280 × 720, 60p/50p, ★ high/normal
• 640 × 424, 30p/25p, ★ high/normal
Frame rates of 30p (actual frame rate 29.97 fps) and 60p (actual frame
rate 59.94 fps) are available when NTSC is selected for video mode. 25p
and 50p are available when PAL is selected for video mode. Actual frame
rate when 24p is selected is 23.976 fps.
File format
MOV
Video compression
H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording format Linear PCM
Audio recording device Built-in monaural or external stereo microphone; sensitivity adjustable
ISO sensitivity
ISO 200–6400; can also be set to approx. 1 EV above ISO 6400 (ISO 12800
equivalent)
Monitor
Monitor
7.5-cm (3-in.), approx. 921k-dot (VGA) TFT LCD with 160 ° viewing angle,
approx. 100% frame coverage, and brightness adjustment
Playback
Playback
Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with
playback zoom, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows,
histogram display, highlights, auto image rotation, and image comment
(up to 36 characters)
Interface
USB
Hi-Speed USB
Video output
NTSC, PAL
HDMI output
Type C mini-pin HDMI connector
Accessory terminal
Remote cord: MC-DC2 (available separately)
GPS unit: GP-1 (available separately)
Audio input
Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5mm diameter)
n
199
Supported languages
Supported languages
Power source
Battery
AC adapter
Arabic, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch,
English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian,
Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Portugal and
Brazil), Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
One rechargeable Li-ion EN-EL14 battery
EH-5b AC adapter; requires EP-5A power connector (available
separately)
Tripod socket
1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Tripod socket
Dimensions/weight
Dimensions (W × H × D) Approx. 125 × 96 × 76.5 mm (5.0 × 3.8 × 3.1 in.)
Weight
Approx. 505 g (1 lb 1.8 oz) with battery and memory card but without
body cap; approx. 455 g/1 lb (camera body only)
Operating environment
Temperature
0–40 °C (+32–104 °F)
Humidity
Less than 85% (no condensation)
• Unless otherwise stated, all figures are for a camera with a fully-charged battery operating at an ambient
temperature of 20 °C (68 °F).
• Nikon reserves the right to change the specifications of the hardware and software described in this
manual at any time and without prior notice. Nikon will not be held liable for damages that may result
from any mistakes that this manual may contain.
n
200
❚❚ MH-24 battery charger
AC 100–240 V, 50/60 Hz, 0.2 A maximum
DC 8.4 V/0.9 A
Nikon rechargeable Li-ion battery EN-EL14
Approx. 1 hour and 30 minutes at an ambient temperature of 25 °C/77 °F
when no charge remains
Operating temperature 0–40 °C (+32–104 °F)
Dimensions (W × H × D) Approx. 70 × 26 × 97 mm (2.8 × 1.0 × 3.8 in.), excluding plug adapter
Weight
Approx. 89 g (3.1 oz), excluding plug adapter
Rated input
Rated output
Supported batteries
Charging time
❚❚ EN-EL14 rechargeable Li-ion battery
Type
Rated capacity
Operating temperature
Dimensions (W × H × D)
Weight
Rechargeable lithium-ion battery
7.4 V/1030 mAh
0–40 °C (+32–104 °F)
Approx. 38 × 53 × 14 mm (1.5 × 2.1 × 0.6 in.)
Approx. 48 g (1.7 oz), excluding terminal cover
❚❚ AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR lens
Type G AF-S DX NIKKOR zoom lens with built-in CPU and F mount for use
exclusively with Nikon DX-format digital SLR cameras
Focal length
18–55 mm
Maximum aperture
f/3.5–5.6
Lens construction
11 elements in 8 groups (including 1 aspherical element)
Angle of view
76 °–28 ° 50 ´
Focal length scale
Graduated in millimeters (18, 24, 35, 45, 55)
Distance information Output to camera
Zoom
Manual zoom using independent zoom ring
Focusing
Autofocus controlled by Silent Wave Motor; manual focus
Vibration reduction
Lens-shift method using voice coil motors (VCMs)
Minimum focus distance 0.28 m from focal plane (0 43) at all zoom positions
Diaphragm blades
7 (rounded diaphragm opening)
Diaphragm
Fully automatic
Aperture range
• 18 mm focal length: f/3.5–22
• 55 mm focal length: f/5.6–36
Metering
Full aperture
Filter-attachment size 52 mm (P=0.75 mm)
Dimensions
Approx. 73 mm diameter × 79.5 mm/2.9 × 3.1 in. (distance from camera lensmount flange)
Weight
Approx. 265 g (9.3 oz)
Type
Nikon reserves the right to change the specifications of the hardware and software described in this
manual at any time and without prior notice. Nikon will not be held liable for damages that may result from
any mistakes that this manual may contain.
n
201
❚❚ The AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR
The AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR is for use exclusively with Nikon DX
format digital cameras. In the case of the AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55 mm f/3.5–5.6G VR,
changes to zoom can alter maximum aperture by up to 1 1/3 EV. The camera however
automatically takes this into account when setting exposure, and no modifications to
camera settings are required following adjustments to zoom.
A
Using the Built-in Flash
When using the built-in flash, be sure the subject is at a range of at least 0.6 m (2 ft) and
remove lens hoods to prevent vignetting (shadows created where the end of the lens
obscures the built-in flash).
Camera
D7000, D5100, D5000, D3200, D3100, D3000,
D300 series, D200, D100, D90, D80, D70 series,
D60, D50, D40 series
Minimum distance without vignetting
No vignetting at any focus distance
Because the built-in flash units for the D100 and D70 can only cover the angle of view of a
lens with a focal of 20 mm or more; vignetting will occur at a focal length of 18 mm.
D
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202
Lens Care
• Keep the CPU contacts clean.
• Use a blower to remove dust and lint from the lens surfaces. To remove smudges and
fingerprints, apply a small amount of ethanol or lens cleaner to a soft, clean cotton cloth
or lens-cleaning tissue and clean from the center outwards using a circular motion, taking
care not to leave smears or touch the glass with your fingers.
• Never use organic solvents such as paint thinner or benzene to clean the lens.
• The lens hood or NC filters can be used to protect the front lens element.
• Attach the front and rear caps before placing the lens in its flexible pouch.
• When a lens hood is attached, do not pick up or hold the lens or camera using only the
hood.
• If the lens will not be used for an extended period, store it in a cool, dry location to prevent
mold and rust. Do not store in direct sunlight or with naphtha or camphor moth balls.
• Keep the lens dry. Rusting of the internal mechanism can cause irreparable damage.
• Leaving the lens in extremely hot locations could damage or warp parts made from
reinforced plastic.
A
Supplied Accessories
• 52 mm Snap-on Front Lens Cap LC-52
A
•
•
•
•
Optional Accessories
52 mm screw-on filters
LF-1 and LF-4 rear lens caps
Flexible Lens Pouch CL-0815
Lens Hood HB-45 (attaches as shown at right) q
w
q
A
A Note on Wide-Angle Lenses
Autofocus may not provide the desired results with wide– and super-wide–angle lenses in
the following situations:
1 The subject does not fill the focus point.
If the subject does not fill the focus point, the camera may
focus on the background and the subject may be out of focus.
Example: A far-off portrait
subject at some distance
from the background
2 The subject contains many fine details.
The camera may have difficulty focusing on subjects that
contain many fine details or that are lacking in contrast.
Example: A field of flowers
In these cases, use manual focus, or use focus lock to focus on another subject at
the same distance and then recompose the photograph. For more information, see
“Getting Good Results with Autofocus” (0 36).
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203
❚❚ Supported Standards
• DCF Version 2.0: The Design Rule for Camera File Systems (DCF) is a standard widely
used in the digital camera industry to ensure compatibility among different makes
of camera.
• DPOF: Digital Print Order Format (DPOF) is an industry-wide standard that allows
pictures to be printed from print orders stored on the memory card.
• Exif version 2.3: The D3200 supports Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital
Still Cameras) version 2.3, a standard in which information stored with
photographs is used for optimal color reproduction when the images are output
on Exif-compliant printers.
• PictBridge: A standard developed through cooperation with the digital camera and
printer industries, allowing photographs to be output directly to a printer without
first transferring them to a computer.
• HDMI: High-Definition Multimedia Interface is a standard for multimedia interfaces
used in consumer electronics and AV devices capable of transmitting audiovisual
data and control signals to HDMI-compliant devices via a single cable connection.
Trademark Information
Macintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the United States
and/or other countries. Microsoft, Windows, and Windows Vista are either registered
trademarks, or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other
countries. PictBridge logo is a trademark. The SD, SDHC, and SDXC logos are trademarks of the
SD-3C, LLC. HDMI, the
logo and High-Definition Multimedia Interface are
trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing LLC. All other trade names mentioned
in this manual or the other documentation provided with your Nikon product are trademarks
or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
n
204
Battery Life
The number of shots that can be taken with fully-charged batteries varies with the
condition of the battery, temperature, and how the camera is used. Sample figures
for EN-EL14 (1030 mAh) batteries are given below.
• Single-frame release mode (CIPA standard 1): Approximately 540 shots
• Continuous release mode (Nikon standard 2): Approximately 1800 shots
1 Measured at 23 °C/73.4 °F (±2 °C/3.6 °F) with an AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm
f/3.5–5.6G VR lens under the following test conditions: lens cycled from infinity
to minimum range and one photograph taken at default settings once every
30 s; after photograph is taken, monitor is turned on for 4 s; tester waits for
standby timer to expire after monitor is turned off; flash fired at full power once
every other shot. Live view not used.
2 Measured at 20 °C/68 °F with an AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR lens
under the following test conditions: vibration reduction off, continuous release
mode, focus mode set to AF-C, image quality set to JPEG basic, image size set to
M (medium), white balance set to v, ISO sensitivity set to ISO 100, shutter
speed 1/250 s, focus cycled from infinity to minimum range three times after
shutter-release button has been pressed halfway for 3 s; six shots are then taken
in succession and monitor turned on for 4 s and then turned off; cycle repeated
once standby timer has expired.
The following can reduce battery life:
• Using the monitor
• Keeping the shutter-release button pressed halfway
• Repeated autofocus operations
• Taking NEF (RAW) photographs
• Slow shutter speeds
• Using a GP-1 GPS unit
• Using a WU-1a wireless mobile adapter
• Using VR (vibration reduction) mode with VR lenses
To ensure that you get the most from rechargeable Nikon EN-EL14 batteries:
• Keep the battery contacts clean. Soiled contacts can reduce battery performance.
• Use batteries immediately after charging. Batteries will lose their charge if left
unused.
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205
Index
Symbols
A
C
i (Auto mode)................................ 22
j (Auto (flash off) mode) ........... 22
k (Portrait) ....................................... 25
l (Landscape)................................. 25
p (Child)............................................ 25
m (Sports).......................................... 26
n (Close up) ..................................... 26
o (Night portrait)........................... 26
P (Programmed auto).................... 54
S (Shutter-priority auto) ............... 55
A (Aperture-priority auto)............ 56
M (Manual) ........................................ 57
g (Guide).................................... 27
U (flexible program) ...................... 54
8 (Single frame) ............................ 31
I (Continuous) .............................. 31
E (Self-timer)...................31, 33, 141
" (Delayed remote)............. 31, 33
# (Quick-response remote) .. 31, 33
J (Quiet shutter release)............ 31
c (Single-point AF) ..................... 38
d (Dynamic-area AF) .................. 38
e (Auto-area AF) .......................... 38
f (3D-tracking (11 points) )38, 39
8 (Face-priority AF) ............... 82, 83
9 (Wide-area AF) .................... 82, 83
! (Normal-area AF)................ 82, 83
" (Subject-tracking AF) ..... 82, 83
L (Matrix metering)...................... 60
M (Center-weighted metering). 60
N (Spot metering) ......................... 60
o (auto flash) .................... 48, 49
Y (red-eye reduction) .......... 48, 49
p (slow sync) .................... 48, 49
q (rear-curtain sync)...... 48, 49
Y (Flash compensation) ............ 65
E (Exposure compensation) ...... 63
d (Help)................................................9
m (White balance)......................... 69
L (Preset manual) ....................... 72
I (focus indicator).... 23, 40, 42, 61
N (flash-ready indicator) 4, 24, 175
3 (“Beep” indicator).....................141
a (live view) ............................. 80, 88
t (Memory buffer) .........23, 32, 188
A/V cable .........................................122
AC adapter............................ 176, 178
Access lamp...................................... 23
Accessories .....................................176
Active D-Lighting ..................67, 143
Adobe RGB .....................................130
AE lock.......................................61, 144
AE-L ............................................61, 143
AE-L/AF-L ........................................143
AE-L/AF-L button................41, 61, 143
AF....................................35–41, 81–83
AF-A..................................................... 35
AF-area mode........................... 38, 82
AF-assist illuminator... 37, 131, 171
AF-C..................................................... 35
AF-F ..................................................... 81
AF-S .............................................. 35, 81
A-M mode switch .................... 14, 42
Angle of view.................................171
Aperture ..................................... 53, 56
Aperture-priority auto.................. 56
Assign AE-L/AF-L button ...........143
Assign Fn button ..................... 8, 143
Attaching the lens.......................... 14
Auto (White balance).................... 69
Auto distortion control ..............130
Auto flash.......................................... 49
Auto image rotation....................138
Auto info display ..........................136
Auto ISO sensitivity control ......129
Auto off timers ..............................140
Auto-area AF (AF-area mode) .... 38
Autoexposure lock......................... 61
Autofocus.....................35–41, 81–83
Auto-servo AF.................................. 35
Available settings.........................187
Calendar ..........................................103
Calendar playback .......................103
CEC ....................................................124
Center-weighted metering......... 60
Charging a battery......................... 12
Choose start/end point................ 93
Clean image sensor .....................180
Clock ..........................................16, 137
Clock battery.................................... 17
Cloudy (White balance) ............... 69
CLS.....................................................173
Color balance.................................154
Color outline ..................................160
Color sketch ...................................160
Color space.....................................130
Color temperature ......................... 70
Command dial....................................7
Compatible lens............................167
Computer........................................111
Connecting a GPS to the camera...
147, 177
Continuous (Release mode) ....... 31
Continuous-servo AF .................... 35
CPU contacts..................................168
CPU lens....................................15, 167
Creative Lighting System ..........173
Cross screen (Filter effects) .......153
Cyanotype.......................................152
Numerics
n
206
3D color matrix metering II......... 60
3D-tracking ............................... 38, 39
3D-tracking (11 points) (AF-area
mode) ........................................ 38, 39
420-pixel RGB sensor .................... 60
B
Battery......................................... 12, 13
Beep ..................................................141
Bit rate ................................................ 90
Black-and-white............................152
Blue intensifier (Filter effects) ..153
Body cap.............................. 1, 14, 177
Border (PictBridge) ......................116
Built-in AF-assist illuminator ..... 37,
131, 171
Built-in flash .................. 47, 132, 170
Bulb ..................................................... 58
Buttons.............................................143
D
Date and time.........................16, 137
Date counter ........................ 144, 145
Date format .............................16, 137
Daylight saving time............16, 137
DCF version 2.0 ................... 130, 204
Delayed remote .............................. 31
Delete ...............................................106
Delete all images..........................107
Delete current image..................106
Delete selected images..............107
Device control (HDMI) ................124
Digital Print Order Format........117,
120, 204
Diopter adjustment control ...... 20,
176
Direct sunlight (White balance) 69
Distortion control.........................159
D-Lighting.......................................151
DPOF..............................117, 120, 204
DPOF print order ..........................120
Dynamic-area AF............................ 38
E
Edit movie...................................93, 96
Electronic rangefinder...................42
Exif version 2.3 .....................130, 204
Exposure........................53, 60, 61, 63
Exposure compensation...............63
Exposure indicator...................57, 84
Exposure lock ...................................61
Exposure meters.................... 24, 140
Exposure mode................................53
External microphone........... 91, 177
Eye-Fi upload................................. 148
F
Face-priority AF ...............................82
File information ...............................98
File number sequence................ 142
Filter effects...................... 78, 79, 153
Fine-tuning white balance ..........71
Firmware version.......................... 148
Fisheye ............................................. 160
Flash............................. 24, 47, 48, 172
Flash (White balance) ....................69
Flash compensation.......................65
Flash control .................................. 132
Flash mode........................................48
Flash range ........................................50
Flash ready indicator ........... 24, 175
Flash sync speed ................... 50, 197
Flexible program .............................54
Flicker reduction ................... 89, 136
Fluorescent (White balance) 69, 70
Fn button .....................................8, 143
f-number ........................... 53, 56, 167
Focal length ................................... 171
Focal length scale ...........................14
Focal plane mark.............................43
Focus ......................35–43, 81–83, 87
Focus indicator............23, 40, 42, 61
Focus lock ..........................................40
Focus mode................................35, 81
Focus point.....22, 38, 40, 42, 82, 83
Focusing screen............................ 196
Focusing the viewfinder...............20
Focus-mode switch .................14, 42
Format memory card.....................19
Frame interval (Slide show)...... 109
Frame size/frame rate....................90
Framing grid .....................................85
Front-curtain sync...........................49
Full-frame playback........................97
Full-time-servo AF ..........................81
G
GP-1..........................................147, 177
GPS ................................. 101, 147, 177
GPS data .......................................... 101
Green intensifier (Filter effects)......
153
Guide mode ..................................... 27
H
H.264................................................. 199
HDMI........................................123, 204
HDMI-CEC ....................................... 124
Help........................................................9
Hi (Sensitivity) ................................. 51
High definition.....................123, 204
Highlights ................................ 98, 126
Histogram ................................ 99, 126
I
Image comment........................... 138
Image Dust Off ref photo .......... 139
Image overlay................................155
Image quality .................................. 44
Image review ................................. 126
Image size......................................... 46
Incandescent (White balance) .. 69
Info display format ...................... 134
In-focus indicator .......23, 40, 42, 61
Information .........................5, 98, 134
Infrared receiver ............................. 33
ISO sensitivity .........................51, 129
i-TTL .................................................. 132
i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital
SLR ................................................... 132
J
JPEG .................................................... 44
JPEG basic......................................... 44
JPEG fine............................................ 44
JPEG normal..................................... 44
L
Landscape (Set Picture Control) 76
Language ................................. 16, 137
Large (Image size).......................... 46
Lens..................................... 14, 15, 167
Lens cap............................................. 14
Lens focus ring................................ 14
Lens mount ........................... 1, 14, 43
Lens vibration reduction switch ....
14, 15
Live view......................................80, 88
Lock mirror up for cleaning...... 182
M
Manual .........................................42, 57
Manual focus ......................42, 81, 87
Manual movie settings................. 91
Matrix metering.............................. 60
Maximum aperture .............. 42, 167
Maximum sensitivity................... 129
Medium (Image size) .................... 46
Memory buffer......................... 23, 32
Memory card .................18, 177, 188
Memory card capacity................ 188
Metering............................................ 60
Microphone............................... 88, 90
Miniature effect ............................ 162
Minimum aperture ................. 15, 53
Minimum shutter speed............ 129
Mirror........................................... 1, 182
Mode dial .............................................3
Monitor.............................. 80, 97, 134
Monitor brightness...................... 134
Monochrome................................. 152
Monochrome (Set Picture Control)
76
Mounting mark............................... 14
MOV .................................................. 188
Movie quality................................... 90
Movie settings................................. 90
Movie-record button .................... 88
Movies................................................ 88
N
NEF ...................................................... 44
NEF (RAW)................................ 44, 157
NEF (RAW) processing................ 157
Neutral (Set Picture Control)...... 76
Nikon Transfer 2...................111, 112
Noise reduction ............................ 131
Non-CPU lens ................................ 169
Normal-area AF............................... 82
Number of shots........................... 205
O
Optional flash .......................132, 172
Output resolution (HDMI)......... 124
Overview data............................... 101
P
Page size (PictBridge) ................. 116
Perspective control...................... 161
Photo information ................ 98, 126
PictBridge ..............................114, 204
Picture Controls ....................... 76, 77
Playback ............................................ 97
Playback display options...........126
Playback folder ............................. 125
Playback information........... 98, 126
Playback menu.............................. 125
Playback zoom.............................. 104
Portrait (Set Picture Control)...... 76
Power switch ......................................1
n
207
Preset manual (White balance) 69,
72
Press the shutter-release button
all the way down ................... 23, 24
Press the shutter-release button
halfway...................................... 23, 24
Print (DPOF)....................................117
Print date.........................................144
Print select ......................................117
Printing ............................................114
Programmed auto.......................... 54
Protecting photographs ............105
Q
Quick retouch................................159
Quick-response remote ............... 31
Quiet shutter release .................... 31
R
Rangefinder ...................................142
Rear lens cap.................................... 14
Rear-curtain sync ........................... 49
Recent settings .............................166
Red intensifier (Filter effects) ...153
Red-eye correction ......................151
Red-eye reduction ......................... 49
Release mode .................................. 31
Remote control ............ 33, 141, 177
Remote cord ...........................58, 177
Remote on duration....................141
Removing the lens from the
camera.............................................. 15
Reset setup options ....................134
Reset shooting options..............128
Resize................................................158
Retouch menu...............................149
RGB.............................................99, 130
RGB Histogram................................ 99
Rotate tall........................................126
S
n
208
Save selected frame ...................... 96
Scene auto selector....................... 85
Scene mode ..................................... 25
Selective color ...............................163
Self-timer...........................31, 33, 141
Sensitivity.................................51, 129
Sepia .................................................152
Set Picture Control......................... 77
Setup menu....................................133
Shade (White balance)................. 69
Shooting data................................100
Shooting menu.............................127
Shutter-priority auto..................... 55
Shutter-release button.. 23, 24, 40,
61
Shutter-release button AE-L.....144
Side-by-side comparison ..........165
Single frame (Release mode) ..... 31
Single-point AF (AF-area mode)38
Single-servo AF........................ 35, 81
Size ............................................... 46, 90
Skylight (Filter effects)................153
Slide show.......................................109
Slot empty release lock..............144
Slow sync .......................................... 49
Small (Image size) .......................... 46
Soft (Filter effects)........................153
Speedlight ......................................172
Spot metering ................................. 60
sRGB..................................................130
Standard (Set Picture Control)... 76
Standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital
SLR ...................................................132
Standby timer............... 24, 140, 147
Start printing (PictBridge)116, 119
Storage folder................................146
Straighten .......................................159
Subject-tracking AF....................... 82
T
Television ........................................122
Thumbnail playback ...................102
Time .................................................... 58
Time stamp (PictBridge) ............116
Time zone.................................16, 137
Time zone and date..............16, 137
Timer................................................... 33
Toning ......................................... 78, 79
Transition effects (Playback
display options) ..........................126
Transition effects (Slide show).109
Trim ...................................................152
Trimming movies ........................... 93
Type D lens .....................................168
Type G lens .....................................168
U
USB .......................................... 112, 114
USB cable .............................. 112, 114
UTC ................................... 16, 101, 147
V
Vibration Reduction ...................... 15
Video mode.......................... 122, 136
Viewfinder........................... 4, 20, 196
Viewfinder eyepiece cap ............. 34
ViewNX 2 .........................................111
Vivid (Set Picture Control)........... 76
Volume............................................... 92
W
Warm filter (Filter effects)..........153
WB........................................................ 69
White balance.................................. 69
Wide-area AF ................................... 82
Wireless mobile adapter............177
209
210
No reproduction in any form of this manual, in whole or in part (except for brief
quotation in critical articles or reviews), may be made without written authorization
from NIKON CORPORATION.
SB2C01(11)
6MB14011-01
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