Linux Cheat Sheet

Linux Cheat Sheet
Linux Cheat Sheet (c) 2015 Alexander Seitz
2
<[email protected]>
http://it.inf.uni-tuebingen.de/?page_id=123 This work is licensed
under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share
Alike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/
ssh [email protected]
1
grep pattern files
File Commands
ls
ls -al
cd dir
cd
pwd
rm file
rm -r dir
rm -f file
rm -rf dir
cp file1 file2
cp -r dir1 dir2
mv file1 file2
ln -s file lnk
touch file
cat file
cat > file
less file
head file
tail file
tail -n 5
tail -f file
directory listing
firmatted listing with hidden
files
change directory to dir
change to home
show current directory dir
delete file
remove directory
force remove file
force remove dir
copy file1 to file2
copy dir1 to dir2
rename or move file1 to file2
if file2 is an existing
directory, moves file1 into
direcotry file2
create symbolic link lnk to
file
create file
print the contents of the file
places standard input into
file
output the contents of file
output the first 10 lines of
file
output the last 10 lines of file
output the last 5 lines of the
file
output the contents of file as
it grows, starting with the
last 10 lines
ssh [email protected] -Y
3
command | grep pattern
tar xf file.tar
tar czf file.tar.gz files
tar xzf file.gar.gz
ctrl+z
Vim
quitting
:x
:wq
:q
:q! exit, ignore changes
inserting test
i
I
r
R
Ins
create tar named file.tar
containing files
extract teh files from file.tar
create a tar with Gzip
compression
extract a tar using Gzip
Shortcuts
ctrl+c
exit
search for pattern in files
search recursively for pattern
in dir1
search for pattern in the
output of command
Compression
tar cf file.tar files
5
connect to host as user
connect to host as user. You
can now start graphical
programs on host
Searching
grep -r pattern dir
4
6
SSH
halts the current command
stops the current command,
resume with fg in foreground
or bg in background
log out of current session
Esc
deleting test
x
X
del
dd
:d
7
insert before cursor
insert before current line
replace one character
replace many characters
toggle between insert and
replace
exit current mode
delete
delete
delete
delete
delete
character to the right
character to the left
character to the right
curent line
current line
screen
screen -S name
screen -R name
ctrl-a d
8
exit, saving changes
exit, saving changes
exit, if no changes were made
create new screen named
name
resume screen named name.
If it doesn’t exist, create it
detach from current screen
help
man command
command -h/--help/-?
shows the manual page of
most commands
shows the help for most
commands
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