Allen & Heath XONE:92L DJ mixer

Allen & Heath XONE:92L DJ mixer
USER GUIDE
Publication AP5345
Limited One Year Warranty
This product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for
period of one year from the date of purchase by the original owner.
To ensure a high level of performance and reliability for which this equipment has
been designed and manufactured, read this User Guide before operating. In the
event of a failure, notify and return the defective unit to ALLEN & HEATH Limited
or its authorised agent as soon as possible for repair under warranty subject to
the following conditions
Conditions Of Warranty
1. The equipment has been installed and operated in accordance with the
instructions in this User Guide
2. The equipment has not been subject to misuse either intended or accidental,
neglect, or alteration other than as described in the User Guide or Service
Manual, or approved by ALLEN & HEATH.
3. Any necessary adjustment, alteration or repair has been carried out by ALLEN
& HEATH or its authorised agent.
4. This warranty does not cover fader wear and tear.
5. The defective unit is to be returned carriage prepaid to ALLEN & HEATH or its
authorised agent with proof of purchase.
6. Units returned should be packed to avoid transit damage.
In certain territories the terms may vary. Check with your ALLEN & HEATH agent
for any additional warranty which may apply.
This product complies with the European Electromagnetic Compatibility
directives 89/336/EEC & 92/31/EEC and the European Low Voltage
Directives 73/23/EEC & 93/68/EEC.
This product has been tested to EN55103 Parts 1 & 2 1996 for use in Environments E1,
E2, E3, and E4 to demonstrate compliance with the protection requirements in the
European EMC directive 89/336/EEC. During some tests the specified performance
figures of the product were affected. This is considered permissible and the product has
been passed as acceptable for its intended use. Allen & Heath has a strict policy of
ensuring all products are tested to the latest safety and EMC standards. Customers
requiring more information about EMC and safety issues can contact Allen & Heath.
NOTE:
Any changes or modifications to the console not approved by Allen & Heath
could void the compliance of the console and therefore the users authority to operate it.
XONE:92 User Guide AP5345 Issue 4
Copyright © 2005 Allen & Heath Limited. All rights reserved
Allen & Heath Limited
Kernick Industrial Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9LU, UK
http://www.allen-heath.com
2
XONE:92 User Guide
Important Safety Instructions
WARNINGS
- Read the following before proceeding :
CAUTION
ATTENTION: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE – NE PAS OUVRIR
Read instructions:
Retain these safety and operating instructions for future reference. Adhere to
all warnings printed here and on the console. Follow the operating instructions
printed in this User Guide.
Do not remove cover:
Operate the console with its covers correctly fitted. Disconnect mains power
by unplugging the power cord if the cover needs to be removed for setting
internal options. Refer this work to competent technical personnel only.
Power sources:
Connect the console to a mains power only of the type described in this User
Guide and marked on the rear panel. Use the power cord with sealed mains
plug appropriate for your local mains supply as provided with the console. If
the provided plug does not fit into your outlet consult your service agent for
assistance.
Power cord routing:
Route the power cord so that it is not likely to be walked on, stretched or
pinched by items placed upon or against it.
Grounding:
Do not defeat the grounding and polarisation means of the power cord plug.
Do not remove or tamper with the ground connection in the power cord.
WARNING: This equipment must be earthed.
Water and moisture:
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock do not expose the console to rain or
moisture or use it in damp or wet conditions. Do not place containers of
liquids on it which might spill into any openings.
Ventilation:
Do not obstruct the ventilation slots or position the console where the air flow
required for ventilation is impeded. If the console is to be operated in a rack
unit or flightcase ensure that it is constructed to allow adequate ventilation.
Heat and vibration:
Do not locate the console in a place subject to excessive heat or direct
sunlight as this could be a fire hazard. Locate the console away from any
equipment which produces heat or causes excessive vibration.
Servicing:
Switch off the equipment and unplug the power cord immediately if it is
exposed to moisture, spilled liquid, objects fallen into the openings, the power
cord or plug become damaged, during lightening storms, or if smoke, odour or
noise is noticed. Refer servicing to qualified technical personnel only.
Installation:
Install the console in accordance with the instructions printed in this User
Guide. Do not connect the output of power amplifiers directly to the console.
Use audio connectors and plugs only for their intended purpose.
XONE:92 User Guide
3
Important Mains plug wiring instructions.
The console is supplied with a moulded mains plug fitted to the AC mains
power lead. Follow the instructions below if the mains plug has to be replaced.
The wires in the mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following
code:
WIRE COLOUR
TERMINAL
European
USA/Canada
L
LIVE
BROWN
BLACK
N
NEUTRAL
BLUE
WHITE
E
EARTH GND
GREEN & YELLOW
GREEN
The wire which is coloured Green and Yellow must be connected to the
terminal in the plug which is marked with the letter E or with the Earth symbol.
This appliance must be earthed.
The wire which is coloured Blue must be connected to the terminal in the plug
which is marked with the letter N.
The wire which is coloured Brown must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked with the letter L.
Ensure that these colour codes are followed carefully in the event of the plug
being changed.
Precautions
Damage :
To prevent damage to the controls and cosmetics avoid placing heavy objects
on the control surface, scratching the surface with sharp objects, or rough
handling and vibration.
Environment :
Protect from excessive dirt, dust, heat and vibration when operating and
storing. Avoid tobacco ash, smoke, drinks spillage, and exposure to rain and
moisture. If the console becomes wet, switch off and remove mains power
immediately. Allow to dry out thoroughly before using again.
Cleaning :
Avoid the use of chemicals, abrasives or solvents. The control panel is best
cleaned with a soft brush and dry lint-free cloth. The faders, switches and
potentiometers are lubricated for life. The use of electrical lubricants on these
parts is not recommended.
Transporting :
The console may be transported as a free-standing unit or mounted in a rack
or flightcase. Protect the controls from damage during transit. Use adequate
packing if you need to ship the unit.
Hearing :
To avoid damage to your hearing do not operate any sound system at
excessively high volume. This also applies to any close-to-ear monitoring
such as headphones. Continued exposure to high volume sound can cause
frequency selective or wide range hearing loss. Make sure that your system
complies with any venue sound level and noise regulations which may apply.
!
4
XONE:92 User Guide
Introduction
This user guide presents a quick reference to the XONE:92. We recommend that you read this
fully before starting. Included is information on installing, connecting and operating the console,
panel drawings, system block diagram and technical specification. For further information on the
basic principles of audio system engineering, please refer to one of the specialist publications
available from bookshops and audio equipment dealers.
Whilst we believe the information in this guide to be reliable we do not assume responsibility for
inaccuracies. We also reserve the right to make changes in the interest of further product
development.
We are able to offer further product support through our world-wide network of approved dealers
and service agents. You can also access our Web site on the Internet for information on our
product range, assistance with your technical queries or simply to chat about matters audio. To help
us provide the most efficient service please keep a record of your console serial number, and date
and place of purchase to be quoted in any communication regarding this product.
Check out our web site for information on the company and its pedigree, our full product range and
our design philosophy. We also have a site dedicated to the exciting XONE console range.
www.allen-heath.com
www.xone.co.uk
Contents
Warranty ................................................ 2
Replacing the Crossfader....................23
Important Safety Instructions ................ 3
LFO Modulation ...................................24
Precautions ........................................... 4
Filters Type Select ...............................25
Front and Rear Panel Drawings............ 6
Master Mix and Monitor System..........26
Welcome to the XONE:92..................... 7
MIDI Control of External Devices ........28
The Application ..................................... 9
MIDI Control Codes .............................29
Quick Start........................................... 10
MIDI Implementation Chart .................30
Gain and Operating Levels ................. 13
Glossary...............................................31
Connecting Mains Power.................... 14
Specifications ......................................34
Earthing ............................................... 14
Block Diagram .....................................35
Plugging up the System...................... 15
Glossary...............................................27
Cables and Connectors ...................... 16
Installer Link Options ...........................36
MIC/RTN Input Channel ...................... 18
Cue Sheet ............................................39
PHONO/LINE Input Channel............... 20
Internet Site............................Rear Cover
Crossfader and VCF............................ 22
XONE:92 User Guide
5
L
CAUTION
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
INPUT
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE - NE PAS OUVRIR.
AC MAINS IN ~
100 - 240V~
INPUT
4
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT EXPOSE APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
L
PHONO
L
LINE
R
L
L
LINE
BOOTH
R
2
L
R
L
INPUT
INPUT
3
LINE
R
MIX2
1
L
LINE
R
R
R
AUX 2
47-63Hz ~ 30W MAX
RECORD
LEFT
OFF
0
I
R
MIDI OUT
FUSE
ON
RIGHT
AUX 1
L
L
R
R
MIC
2
1
L
MIX 1
R
SERIAL No:
MIC
L/M
RETURN
2
R
L/M
RETURN
1
R
100 - 240V~ T500mAL 250V 20mm
WARNING: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME TYPE AND RATING.
ATTENTION: REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE AVEC UN DES MEMES CARACTERISTIQUES.
MADE IN THE UK BY ALLEN & HEATH LIMITED
+
Channel faders for Rotary version.
6
XONE:92 User Guide
Welcome to the XONE:92
The Allen & Heath XONE:92 presents a unique combination of performance tools for the
professional DJ in a stylish and solidly built club format. Above all, it features sound quality second
to none. XONE:92 has been designed and constructed using the same rigorous standards we
apply to our large format professional consoles used and respected by top engineers throughout
the world.
XONE:92 provides 6 dual stereo channels, two offering mic inputs, adding up to a massive 10
stereo and 2 microphone inputs. A full range of connectors means that you can connect up to 4
turntables, 2 mics, CD players, MD players, drum machines, samplers, and pretty much anything
else you might want to bring into the mix.
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) allows featured front panel controls to transmit MIDI data
to enable remote control of external effects, samplers, sequencers etc. Tap Tempo related MIDI
clocks are also transmitted to provide synchronisation of MIDI sound modules to pre-recorded
sources playing through the mixer.
4 BAND EQ controls rather than the usual 3 for greater creativity. Each band has a safe +6dB
boost. The HI and LO bands have infinite attenuation (total kill) with a sharp 12dB/oct roll-off and
the MID bands have a massive -30dB of cut, enough to shape your sound well beyond normal EQ
range, and without overloading your system.
Stereo channels use high quality twin rail linear or rotary VCA faders. These control the audio
using DC voltages meaning that they can take a huge amount of punishment without the bangs and
crackles that inevitably creep in on regular audio faders. The high spec Penny & Giles VCA
crossfader is easily removable from the top panel for quick replacement should it become worn.
The curve can be swept between dipped response, ideal for seamless beat mixing, and fast-attack,
suitable for scratch or cut mixing.
Unique to XONE, two stereo state variable Voltage Controlled Filters provide the DJ with a new
level of live performance creativity. These are very similar to those found on classic analogue
synths but benefit from modern, quiet and stable technology. Use these to sweep the sound by
accentuating or cutting frequencies from 30Hz to 20kHz. The 3 filter types HPF, BPF and LPF can
be combined to create many more amazing effects. Low Frequency Oscillator controls enable
cyclic LFO changes to be applied to each filter. A large Resonance control changes the ‘Q’ or
sharpness of the filter effect from subtle to extreme. Each VCF has its own ‘ON’ switch.
Combined with the extensive output and monitoring features, colour coded indicators, stylish layout
and clear graphics visible in all lighting situations, you have an unbeatable performance console
equally at home in dance clubs, home set-ups, live venues, and on the road.
•
6 Dual stereo inputs, 2 with mic inputs
•
Cue/Mix monitor balance control
•
RIAA preamps for up to 4 turntables
•
2 Independent mix outputs
•
Input selectors with 2 colour indicators
•
2 Rotary master level controls
•
Smooth action level controls
•
Dual stereo analogue VCF effects
•
2 Stereo aux sends with pre/post switching
•
3 Filter modes combine for more effects
•
4 band EQ - high definition of frequency bands,
with ‘infinite kill’ on HF and LF; wide Q for cut,
narrow Q for boost
•
Independent frequency sweep controls
•
Resonance control for subtle or wild effects
•
Filter LFO Depth and tempo controls
MIDI output from VCF 1+2, crossfader, LFO 2
(MIDI clock), dedicated data control and
start/stop button
•
Illuminated Filter switches punch effect in or out
•
Powerful headphones monitor with auto cue
•
•
Large ‘light-pipe’ illuminated cue switches
•
Headphones split cue and Aux 1 & 2 monitoring
•
9 led 3 colour channel ‘bulls eye’ LED meters
•
Stereo music only booth monitor output
•
Crossfader and Filter assign switches
•
Booth mono and mute switching
•
9 led 3 colour main ‘bulls eye’ LED meters
•
Balanced +4dBu XLR stereo Mix 1 output
•
Impedance balanced Line stereo Mix 2 output
•
Pre-fade recording output
•
•
Either smooth travel 60mm VCA faders or
rotary VCA faders (Linear or Rotary versions)
Active Penny & Giles VCA crossfader allowing
contour to be set from smooth to scratch mix
XONE:92 User Guide
7
L
CAUTION
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
INPUT
AC MAINS IN ~
100 - 240V~
INPUT
4
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT EXPOSE APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
L
PHONO
L
LINE
R
3
L
L
LINE
BOOTH
R
2
L
R
L
INPUT
INPUT
LINE
R
MIX2
1
L
LINE
R
R
R
AUX 2
47-63Hz ~ 30W MAX
RECORD
LEFT
OFF
0
I
R
MIDI OUT
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE - NE PAS OUVRIR.
FUSE
ON
RIGHT
AUX 1
L
L
R
R
MIC
2
R
SERIAL No:
MIC
1
L
MIX 1
L/M
RETURN
2
R
L/M
RETURN
1
R
100 - 240V~ T500mAL 250V 20mm
WARNING: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME TYPE AND RATING.
8
ATTENTION: REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE AVEC UN DES MEMES CARACTERISTIQUES.
MADE IN THE UK BY ALLEN & HEATH LIMITED
XONE:92 User Guide
The XONE:92 Application
This diagram shows an example hook-up to demonstrate how the XONE:92 can be connected in a
typical DJ application. Note that you do not need to connect the channels in the order shown, also
that the connector types on the equipment you connect to may be different to that shown. Use
cables appropriate to your application. Please read Plugging Up The System before connecting
to your equipment. The following describes how the console is used in this example application:
Microphone sources: The DJ microphone is plugged into MIC 1. A second mic is
plugged into MIC 2, typically for MC. These signals route to the mix outputs and
headphones. They are not routed through the crossfader, nor to the booth monitor, so
avoiding potential acoustic feedback.
Mix music sources: Stereo channels 1 and 2 are used for turntables. Stereo channels
3 and 4 line are used for CD decks. The turntable magnetic cartridges plug into the
RIAA equipped phono inputs, the CD into the line inputs. This gives the DJ the choice of
both vinyl and CD.
Drum machine: It is increasingly popular for the DJ to cut in additional sources over
the mix. A drum machine provides a creative instrument, ideal for enhancing the beat
and bass line. This is shown plugged into stereo channel 1 line input. It can be
assigned to either side of the crossfader or direct to the mix as required. The MIDI out
from the XONE:92 provides the master MIDI clock to allow synchronisation to the pre
recorded sources and enables remote Start/Stop of this device.
Dynamic Effects Controller/ Delay Unit: The stereo Aux 1 & 2 sends are used to feed
selected channels to external effects units, such as a DJ effects and Delay units. They
are typically set pre-fader so that the effects can be set up while the channel faders are
down. The devices outputs are returned into stereo return line inputs and can be added
to the mix using the return faders. MIDI control of both of these devices is possible from
the XONE:92 depending on MIDI controller compatibility. Refer to each devices user
guide for details of its MIDI setup. The stereo return On switches can be used to drop an
effect or delay into the mix by pushing the On switches up to the DUCK position; this will
bring the effect into the mix and automatically lower the level of the source by 15dB.
Laptop PC: Increasingly computer based sequencing is being used during a live set,
running dedicated sequencing software. The MIDI out from the XONE:92 is used to
provide master tempo and remote control of certain parameters within the software by
mapping it to the controller codes generated by the mixer.
Mix 1 outputs: These outputs feed the main house PA system. The connections are
balanced pro level +4dBu to feed long cable runs to the amplifier system. They may
plug into system processors such as protection limiters, EQ and crossovers which in turn
connect to the amplifiers.
Mix 2 outputs:
These outputs feed an external amplifier providing sound to an
additional zone. They may plug into external signal processors or even be used as
additional auxiliary outputs.
MIDI output: Featured front panel controls
output MIDI data to an external device
such as a computer sequencer or effects controller. This capability enables the DJ to
additionally control MIDI compatible equipment during the performance.
Recording the set: A dedicated music only stereo output connects to a recorder such
as the CDR shown to record the performance. Typically the mic signals are not
recorded. The signal is not affected by the master mix controls.
Booth monitor: A stereo speaker system provides the DJ with a music only local
monitor. This can be checked or worked in mono if required, or muted if the DJ wishes
to check the main PA sound or work with headphones only.
Headphones: Closed ear stereo headphones are recommended allowing the DJ to
check and cue the music sources. Split-cue keeps the program in one ear while cueing
with the other to synchronise the beat before introducing the source into the mix. Two
front panel connections; 1/4” jack and a standard mini-jack headphone socket are
provided for your convenience.
XONE:92 User Guide
9
Quick Start
We recommend that you read through all sections of this User Guide before starting. However, we
provide these notes so that you can plug up and experiment with sounds from your XONE:92
immediately if you prefer to read the full guide later. Please note that you should first read and
understand the Important Safety Instructions printed at the beginning of this guide. The following
simple procedure requires a CD player and headphones. Alternatively you can connect a pair of
turntables and start mixing right away. Please read the rest of this guide before connecting to your
amplifier and speaker systems.
1
Set all controls to their starting condition. Set all
FADERS (rotary and linear), LEVEL, AUX, FREQ,
RESONANCE, LFO DEPTH, HEADPHONES and BOOTH
MONITOR controls to minimum. Set EQ controls to their
detented centre position. Set all press switches to their up
position. Set all toggle switches to their centre position.
2 Plug in a CD player. This provides a good stereo audio
source as a starting point. Plug into stereo channel 1 line input
as shown. Do not use the phono input for CD or other line level
sources as this is intended for turntables with magnetic
cartridges requiring RIAA equalisation.
3 Plug in the headphones. Plug into either of the top panel
headphones sockets. Use the best headphones you can afford
for your application. We recommend the professional grade
closed-ear type of 30 to 100ohms impedance, and with ¼” TRS
jack plug.
AC MAINS IN ~
100 - 240V~
47-63Hz ~ 30W MAX
OFF
0
I
ON
SERIAL No:
4 Connect AC mains power. Check first that the correct
mains lead with sealed plug suitable for your local supply has
been provided with your console. Plug into the AC MAINS IN
socket making sure the connector is pressed fully in.
100 - 240V~ T500mAL 250V 20m
WARNING: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME
5 Switch the console on. Press the rear panel ON/OFF
switch. You may notice that the console meters and various
other LEDs flash briefly. This is normal during power up.
6
Select the line source.
Press the stereo channel 1
source select switch. This lights red to indicate that the line
source is selected.
7 Adjust the channel level. Start the CD player. Adjust
stereo channel 1 LEVEL control until the average music level
lights the channel meter blue 0 led with loudest peaks lighting
the blue +6 led. If no signal is present check that the music
source is playing and the correct input is selected.
Reduce LEVEL if the red +10 Led lights. This
indicator is a warning that the signal is approaching
clipping and that distortion may result if the level increases
further.
10
XONE:92 User Guide
8 Check the sound using the Cue system. With the music
playing press the large CUE switch. The switch lights as well
as the CUE ACTIVE led to show that the cue monitor is active.
The channel signal is now sent to the headphones. Slowly turn
up the headphones level control until you hear the music.
Avoid listening to loud headphones levels for long
periods as this may damage your hearing.
The channel signal is now displayed on the main monitor
meters. Note that the cue system lets you monitor the channel
signals pre-fader. In other words you can check or cue any
source before you raise its fader to bring it into the mix.
9 Route the signal to the main Mix 1 output. Release the
CUE switch. The CUE light-pipe turns off and the headphones
and monitor meters go quiet. Raise stereo channel 1 fader to
its top position. With the XFADE toggle switch in its central
position ‘OFF’ the signal is routed direct to the mix. The signal
is now displayed on the main meters at the same level as the
channel meter. The level is now the same throughout the
console signal path, as set by the channel gain control. This is
the ideal setting with meters averaging 0dB so giving the best
signal-to-noise performance while maintaining plenty of
headroom to avoid clipping.
10 Listen to the main MIX 1 output. The music should be
heard in the headphones. If not, then check that the AUX 1 and
AUX 2 switches are released and that no CUE switches are
selected.
11 Check the effect of the Stereo EQ. Try the effect of
each of the 4 frequency bands on stereo channel 1. The EQ is
designed for creative live performance control and provides a
safe +6dB boost, and cut from a massive –30dB to infinity.
Experiment with cutting rather than boosting frequencies to
create dramatic effects.
12
Route through the Crossfader.
Using the XFADE
toggle switch, select X to route the signal through the
crossfader rather than direct to the mix. The green 1 led lights
indicating that stereo channel 1 is assigned to the crossfader.
13
Using the Crossfader.
This lets you fade between
signals routed to either side, typically to fade smoothly into a
new music track or to creatively layer sounds when scratch or
cut mixing. Experiment further by connecting two CD decks or
turntables and assigning one to X, the other to Y. The
channel(s) assigned to the crossfader are indicated by the
green leds above.
XONE:92 User Guide
11
14 Changing the crossfader curve. The control knob to
the left of the crossfader sets the crossfader curve. In the
normal fully anticlockwise position the signal dips by 5dB at the
middle position for smooth fading between tracks. Turn the
knob clockwise gradually for an increasingly dipless response;
whereby the signal starts to dip only once the fader has passed
the mid position. This is better suited to scratch or cut mixing
where you layer the sounds.
15 Crossfader mixing. At this point you may wish to plug
in a pair of turntables and experiment with DJ mixing. Plug into
stereo channel 1 and channel 2 phono inputs if your turntables
require RIAA equalisation. If not, plug into the line inputs.
Remember to connect the turntable earth leads to the console
chassis earth terminal. Use CUE to set up the channel level as
you did in step 7. Route channel 1 to X and channel 2 to Y of
the crossfader.
16 Adding VCF filter effects. Each side of the crossfader
features a stereo Voltage Controlled Filter which presents the
DJ with a unique set of live performance tools to create subtle
or startling tonal effects. Route the channel to either of the two
filters using the three way toggles; push the toggle to the left for
filter 1 and to the right for filter 2. Activate the filter by pressing
the FILTER ON switch. The blue led light-pipe lights to show
that the filter is active. Check that the large LPF switch is
illuminated indicating that the power up default lo-pass filter
type is active. The sound should change to a rumbling bass
line with higher frequencies removed.
17 Sweep the filter frequency. Turn the FREQ control
clockwise and you should progressively hear higher audio
frequencies returning to the mix. This control sweeps the effect
from low to high frequency.
18
Adjust the filter resonance.
Slowly turn the
RESONANCE control clockwise as you sweep the frequency
and you should hear the ‘Q’ or ‘sharpness’ of the effect
changing from subtle to drastic as the roll-off knee sharpens
and frequency boost is added.
Increasing resonance boosts a narrow band of
selected frequencies. Make sure you reduce the channel
gain if the red peak meters start to flash.
19 Change the filter type. Press one or any combination of
the large HPF, BPF and LPF filter type switches to experiment
with different performance effects. For example pressing HPF
and LPF together produces a notch effect. Once you are
familiar with the creative power of these filters you can apply
them to your performance. More information is available later.
Now…continue to read through the rest of this User Guide.
12
XONE:92 User Guide
Gain and Operating Levels
!
It is most important that the system level settings are correctly set. It is well known that many DJs
push the level to maximum with meters peaking hard in the belief that they are getting the best from
the system. THIS IS NOT THE CASE ! The best can only be achieved if the system levels are set
within the normal operating range and not allowed to peak. Peaking simply results in signal
distortion, not more volume. It is the specification of the amplifier / speaker system that sets the
maximum volume that can be achieved, not the console. The human ear too can fool the operator
into believing that more volume is needed. Be careful as this is in fact a warning that hearing
damage will result if high listening levels are maintained. Remember that it is the QUALITY of the
sound that pleases the ear, not the VOLUME.
The diagram above illustrates the operating
range of the audio signal.
NORMAL OPERATING RANGE. For normal
music the signal should range between –5 and +5
on the meters with average around 0dB. This
allows enough HEADROOM for unexpected
peaks before the signal hits its maximum
CLIPPING voltage and distorts. It also achieves
the best SIGNAL-TO-NOISE-RATIO by keeping
the signal well above the residual NOISE FLOOR
(system hiss). The DYNAMIC RANGE is the
maximum signal swing available between the
residual noise floor and clipping. The XONE:92
provides a massive 110dB dynamic range.
Use the LEVEL TRIM 1 to match the input source
to the normal operating level of the console. Adjust
this so that the CHANNEL METER 4 averages
0dB with loudest moments reading +6. Press the
CUE SWITCH 3 to listen to the signal on
headphones and check the level on the MAIN
METERS 9 . Adjust the CHANNEL FADER 5 so
that they normally operate near the top of their
travel. Make sure the amplifier/speaker system has
been correctly calibrated for the loudest volume
required at the fader top position. Boosting the EQ
2 also adds gain to the system. Reduce by turning
back the LEVEL TRIM 1 if the meter red peak
leds flash. Adjust the HEADPHONES 8 and
BOOTH 7 monitor controls for safe listening levels.
XONE:92 User Guide
A final note … The human ear is a remarkable
organ with the ability to compress or ‘shut down’
when sound levels become too high. Do not
interprete this natural response as a reason to turn
the system volume up further ! As the session
wears on ear fatigue may set in, and the speaker
cones may become hot so reducing the
effectiveness of the system and listeners to gain any
benefit from increased volume.
BE SENSIBLE, BE SAFE WITH SOUND LEVELS
☺
13
Connecting Mains Power
L
CAUTION
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
R
L
MIDI OUT
INPUT
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE - NE PAS OUVRIR.
INPUT
4
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT EXPOSE APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
AC MAINS IN ~
100 - 240V~
INPUT
3
L
L
LINE
BOOTH
R
2
L
R
L
LINE
R
MIX2
L
R
47-63Hz ~ 30W MAX
LEFT
OFF
0
I
FUSE
ON
RIGHT
MIX 1
SERIAL No:
100 - 240V~ T500mAL 250V 20mm
WARNING: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME TYPE AND RATING.
ATTENTION: REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE AVEC UN DES MEMES CARACTERISTIQUES.
Read the SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS printed at the
front of this User Guide and on the rear panel. Check
that the correct mains lead with moulded plug has
been supplied with your console. The power supply
accepts mains voltages within the range 100-240V
without changing any fuses or settings.
It is standard practice to turn connected power
amplifiers down or off before switching the console on
or off. This prevents any audible switch-on thumps.
Ensure that the IEC mains plug is pressed fully into
the rear panel socket before switching on.
Earthing
The connection to earth (ground) in an audio system is important for two reasons:
1.
2.
SAFETY - To protect the operator from high voltage electric shock, and
AUDIO PERFORMANCE - To minimise the effect of earth (ground)
loops which result in audible hum and buzz, and to shield the audio
signals from interference.
For safety it is important that all equipment earths are connected to mains earth so that exposed
metal parts are prevented from carrying high voltage which can injure or even kill the operator. It is
recommended that the system engineer check the continuity of the safety earth from all points in
the system including microphone bodies, turntable chassis, equipment cases, and so on.
The same earth is also used to shield audio cables from external interference such as the hum
fields associated with power transformers, lighting dimmer buzz, and computer radiation. Problems
arise when the signal sees more than one path to mains earth. An ‘earth loop’ (ground loop) results
causing current to flow between the different earth paths. This condition is usually detected as a
mains frequency audible hum or buzz.
To ensure safe and trouble-free operation we recommend the following:
14
•
Have your mains system checked by a qualified electrician. If the supply earthing is solid to
start with you are less likely to experience problems.
•
Do not remove the earth connection from the console mains plug. The console chassis is
connected to mains earth through the power cable to ensure your safety. Audio 0V is
connected to the console chassis internally. If problems are encountered with earth loops
operate the audio ‘ground lift’ switches on connected equipment accordingly, or disconnect the
cable screens at one end, usually at the destination.
•
Make sure that turntables are correctly earthed. A chassis earth terminal is provided on the
console rear panel to connect to turntable earth straps.
•
Use low impedance sources such as microphones and line level equipment rated at 200
ohms or less to reduce susceptibility to interference. The console outputs are designed to
operate at very low impedance to minimise interference problems.
•
Use balanced connections for microphones and mix output as these provide further
immunity by cancelling out interference that may be picked up on long cable runs. To connect
an unbalanced source to a balanced console input, link the cold input (XLR pin 3 or jack ring) to
0V earth (XLR pin 1 or jack sleeve) at the console. To connect a balanced XLR output to
unbalanced equipment, link the cold output to 0V earth at the console.
•
Use good quality cables and connectors and check for correct wiring and reliable solder
joints. Allow sufficient cable loop to prevent damage through stretching.
•
If you are not sure ... Contact your service agent or local Allen & Heath dealer for advice.
XONE:92 User Guide
Plugging Up The System
The XONE:92 uses professional grade 3 pin XLR, 1/4" TRS jack and RCA PHONO sockets. To
ensure best performance, we recommend that you use high quality audio cables and connectors,
and take time to check for reliable and accurate cable assembly. It is well known that many audio
system failures are due to faulty interconnecting leads. The following mating plugs may be used to
connect audio signals to the console:
The input and output XLR connectors are 3 wire differentially balanced. These have 3 connector
pins: Pin 1 = ground (screen), Pin 2 = signal hot (+), Pin 3 = signal cold (-).
The jack sockets are the 3 pole TRS type. These are wired to work with both the balanced TRS or
the unbalanced 2 pole TS type plugs without cable modification. The sockets have 3 connector
pins: Inputs and outputs are Tip = signal hot (+), Ring = signal cold (-), Sleeve = ground (screen).
Headphones are Tip = left, Ring = right, Sleeve = ground.
The RCA phono connectors are the 2 wire unbalanced type typical of those found on equipment
such as CD players, turntables and domestic amplifiers.
Avoid reversing + and - on balanced connections as this will result in out of phase signals (reverse
polarity) which may cause signal cancellation effects.
Where long cables runs are required, balanced interconnections should be used. However,
interconnections between more affordable 2-wire (signal, ground) unbalanced equipment and the
console are unlikely to cause problems if the cables are kept short. Refer to the following diagram
for unbalanced to balanced connections.
Dealing with Ground Loops, Buzz and Interference
For optimum performance all audio signals should be referenced to a solid, noise-free ground
(earth) point, frequently referred to as the ‘star point’ or ‘clean earth’.
A ground loop is created when the signal has more than one path to ground. Should you
experience hum or buzz caused by ground loops, check first that each piece of equipment has its
own separate path to ground. If so, operate ground lift switches on connected equipment in
accordance with the instruction manuals. Alternatively disconnect the cable screen at the
destination end only. This breaks the offending loop while still maintaining the signal shielding
down the length of the cable.
WARNING For your safety do not remove the earth (ground) connection in the power
lead of the console or connected equipment.
To avoid interference pickup keep audio cables away from mains power units and cables, thyristor
dimmer units or computer equipment. Where this cannot be avoided, cross the cables at right
angles to minimise interference.
XONE:92 User Guide
15
L
CAUTION
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
R
L
PHONO
INPUT
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE - NE PAS OUVRIR.
AC MAINS IN ~
100 - 240V~
INPUT
4
WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT EXPOSE APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
INPUT
3
LINE
L
L
BOOTH
L
PHONO
R
R
L
R
L
L
LINE
R
INPUT
2
LINE
R
MIX2
1
L
LINE
R
R
AUX 2
47-63Hz ~ 30W MAX
RECORD
LEFT
OFF
0
I
R
MIDI OUT
FUSE
ON
RIGHT
AUX 1
L
L
R
R
MIC
2
1
L
MIX 1
R
SERIAL No:
MIC
L/M
RETURN
2
R
L/M
RETURN
1
R
100 - 240V~ T500mAL 250V 20mm
WARNING: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME TYPE AND RATING.
16
ATTENTION: REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE AVEC UN DES MEMES CARACTERISTIQUES.
MADE IN THE UK BY ALLEN & HEATH LIMITED
XONE:92 User Guide
1 CH1-2 MIC input. Balanced XLR. Plug in a
DJ, guest or announcement microphone here. Use
good quality low impedance dynamic mics such as
those specifically designed for vocals. Do not use
high impedance or unbalanced microphones, or
condenser types which require phantom power.
Use professional grade balanced cables wired as
CABLE D . Use the best cable and connectors you
can afford as these are typically subject to intense
use and abuse in the club environment.
2 CH1-2 LINE RETURN input. Unbalanced
TRS jacks. Connect mono or stereo line level
sources which do not need to route through the
crossfader. For a mono source plug into the L/M
input only. For a stereo source plug the left source
into the L/M input, and right into the R input. These
are 3-pole TRS sockets which can accept balanced
or unbalanced TRS or TS jack sources. Depending
on the source connector type, use CABLE B C
E or G . To connect RCA phono jack sources you
can use the standard CABLE A with RCA to jack
adapters, or custom make as required.
3 CH1-4 STEREO LINE input. RCA phono.
Connect stereo line level music sources such as
CD, MD, DAT, drum machines, keyboards or other
instruments. Do not connect turntables which
require RIAA equalisation. Use CABLE A .
Alternatively, you can connect to jack sources using
this cable with RCA to jack adapters. Avoid using
low grade cables such as those often supplied with
domestic equipment as these can quickly prove
unreliable in use.
7 AUX 1-2 output. Impedance balanced TRS
jacks. Depending on the application of the Aux mix
these stereo line level outputs can be used to feed
samplers and other effects units, an additional
monitor, zone or recorder. Connect to balanced or
unbalanced equipment using CABLE B C F or
H . To connect RCA phono jack sources you can
use the standard CABLE A with RCA to jack
adapters, or custom make as required.
8 BOOTH output. Impedance balanced TRS
jacks. Provides a line level music only stereo feed
to the DJ local monitor amplifier system. It is not
affected by the master fader or cue system.
Connect to balanced or unbalanced equipment
using CABLE B C F or H .
9 MIX 1 output. Balanced XLR. This is the main
output that feeds the house PA system. Plug into
the house processor/amplifier system using
balanced CABLE D or E . It is not usual for
unbalanced equipment to be used here.
10 MIX 2 output. Impedance balanced TRS
jacks. This is an additional output that can feed the
house PA system or other remote audio system.
Plug into the house processor/amplifier system
using balanced CABLE C or F . It is not usual for
unbalanced equipment to be used here.
11 AC MAINS input. IEC cable with moulded
mains plug suitable for the local supply. Please
refer to Connecting Mains Power.
4 CH1-4 STEREO PHONO input. RCA phono.
Plug in turntables with magnetic cartridges requiring
RIAA equalisation. For non-RIAA turntables plug
into the LINE input instead. Do not plug in line level
sources to the phono inputs as these will overload
the preamp and cause severe high level distortion.
Use high grade versions of CABLE A .
12 HEADPHONES outputs. Stereo TRS jack
and mini-jack. Plug in stereo headphones fitted with
either a stereo ¼” jack or mini-jack. Use closed-ear
headphones that provide maximum acoustic
isolation when cueing your sources. We
recommend that you use high quality headphones
rated between 30 to 100 ohms impedance. 8 ohm
headphones are not recommended.
5 Chassis earth terminal. A screw terminal is
provided for connecting the earth straps from
turntables. This connection earths the metal parts
of the turntable to reduce hum, buzz or similar
audible noise getting into the system.
13 MIDI output. 5 pin DIN socket. Connect to
either a MIDI interface or directly to MIDI
compatible equipment using a standard 5 pin DIN
(MIDI) lead.
6 RECORD output. RCA phono. This provides
a music only output not affected by the main mix
fader. Connect to a stereo recorder such as MD,
DAT or cassette to record the show. Use CABLE A
with or without adapters, or a custom cable,
depending on the recorder connector type.
XONE:92 User Guide
WARNING To avoid damage to your
hearing do not drive headphones at high
listening levels for long periods of time. Start
with the level control set to minimum and raise it
until a comfortable listening level is achieved.
17
MIC/RETURN Input Channel
These controls adjust the level and tone of each source before they are mixed. Two input channels are provided.
Each has two inputs. MIC/RETURN channels 1 and 2 are used for microphone or alternative stereo line source.
They provide corrective source equalisation.
1 AUX 1-2 sends. Adjust the levels of the
channel signals to the stereo Aux outputs. Turn
fully anticlockwise to turn the signal off, fully
clockwise for a maximum +6dB boost.
2 PRE switches. With the switch in its up
position the signal to the Aux mix is sourced postfader. This means that the Aux send follows the
channel fader movements. Press the switch to
source the send pre-fader. Set in this way the fader
has no affect on the Aux level.
Post-fade sends are typically used to send channel
signals to effects devices such as reverb
processors. The amount of signal sent to the device
follows the fader level. The processed (wet) signal
returned to the mix elsewhere is therefore in
proportion to the direct (dry) signal regardless of
fader position. This could, for example, be used to
add ambience to the DJ or guest vocal mic.
Other post-fade uses include special recording or
zone feeds.
Pre-fade sends are typically used for DJ effects or
to feed monitor speakers such as stage foldback.
Here, it is important that fader changes made to
balance the house mix do not affect the monitor
levels.
When working with a sampler effects device you
could use either post or pre setting. If you wish to
cue the sampler effect before raising the source
fader into the mix then set it pre-fade. Use the
sampler return channel fader to bring up or remove
the effect from the mix.
☺
You can use the Aux mix to cue your music
when beat or cut mixing. Set all sends pre-fade and
select the headphones monitor AUX switch to listen
to the selected channels. This lets you listen to the
effect of mixing the sources or matching the beat
before you bring it into the house mix.
18
XONE:92 User Guide
3 MIC/RTN switch. MIC/RETURN Channels 1
and 2 are the ‘MIC’ channels. They can select
either the XLR microphone input or the alternative
jack stereo line return input. In the up position MIC
is selected, indicated by the green led. When
pressed, RTN is selected, indicated by the led
changing colour to red.
4 LEVEL control. Adjusts the input sensitivity of
the channel to match the connected source to the
console 0dB operating level. This provides a 3537dB range with continuous adjustment for line level
signals from –15dBu to +20dBu, –47dBu to –10dBu
for mics, or to match a wide range of RIAA turntable
cartridges. Use the Cue system to correctly set the
level.
Reduce LEVEL if the red PK! led flashes.
5 MIC EQ. The MIC/RETURN channel 1 and 2
equaliser provides a powerful tool to adjust the tonal
quality of the sound to correct source problems such
as microphone characteristics, proximity effect,
noise and feedback, or to adjust the overall ‘feel’.
Start with the EQ controls set to their mid (flat)
position. Then adjust to achieve the desired sound.
Take time to experiment with these controls.
The XONE:92 equaliser provides separate tone
control over four frequency bands. The frequencies
in each band may be boosted or cut by up to 15dB.
The centre flat position is detented for quick
resetting.
HI Turn this control clockwise to boost and
anticlockwise to cut the high (treble) frequencies.
This has a shelving response with all frequencies
above the 10kHz turning point affected. Note that
frequencies below 10kHz are affected by a
decreasing amount. Use HI boost to brighten up the
sound by adding sparkle, and cut to reduce source
hiss and ambient high frequency pickup, or to limit
or lift the high response of vocal mics.
MID 1 Turn clockwise to boost and anticlockwise to
cut the higher mid frequencies. This has a bell
shaped peak/dip response that has maximum effect
at 2.5kHz. Boosting can enhance the intelligibility of
vocals. On the other hand, some situations may
require cutting to notch out a ringing frequency so
increasing gain before feedback.
XONE:92 User Guide
MID 2 This is similar to MID 1 but affects the lower
mid frequencies centred at 250Hz. Boosting can
enhance the warmth of the sound while cutting can
reduce the unpleasant resonant or boomy effects.
LO This is similar to the shelving HI control but
affects the low (bass) frequencies below the 100Hz
turning point. Note that frequencies above 100Hz
are affected but by a decreasing amount. Use LO
boost to enhance low end punch, or cut to reduce
source hum and rumble, or to remove the bassy
sound of vocal mic proximity effect.
6 CUE switch. Press this switch to listen to the
pre-fader channel signal in the headphones and to
display its signal on the main meters. This does not
affect the house mix or booth speakers and lets you
audition the signal to check it before adding it to the
mix. Cue is post-EQ for MIC/RTN channels so that
you can check the effect of adjusting the EQ. The
switch illuminates when pressed so that you can
see at a glance which channel is cued.
7 DUCK / ON switch. For MIC/RETURN
channels 1 and 2 use this to introduce the MIC/RTN
signal to the mix outputs. Pushing the switch
upwards (non-latching) ‘DUCK’ will add the channel
input to the mix outputs until released and will
simultaneously duck the stereo music channels by
15dB. Pushing the switch down (latching) ‘ON’
adds the channel input to the mix outputs without
ducking the stereo channels. The central, default
position is ‘OFF’ where the Mic channel inputs are
not added to the mix outputs.
8 ON / PK! LED. A dual-colour led
simultaneously displays which MIC/RTN channel is
switched ON, and warns of channel signal peaks.
The led lights green to indicate that a channel is
turned ON. Reduce the gain if the led PK! flashes
red.
9 Channel fader. A 60mm stereo fader adjusts
the signal level from off to unity at the top of its
travel. This allows smooth fade ins and a visual
indication of its contribution to the mix. The fader
does not affect the pre-fade Aux sends.
19
PHONO/LINE Input Channel
These controls adjust the level and tone of each source before they are mixed. Four
STEREO music channels are provided. Each has two inputs. STEREO LINE inputs 1 to
4 are used for CD decks or alternative stereo music sources and can be routed through
the crossfader and Filter effects stage. STEREO PHONO inputs 1 to 4 are used for the
turntables and can also be routed through the crossfader and Filter effects stage. These
provide effective equalisation to creatively shape the sound during performance.
1 AUX 1-2 sends. Adjust the levels of the
channel signals to the stereo Aux outputs. Turn
fully anticlockwise to turn the signal off, fully
clockwise for a maximum +6dB boost.
2 PRE switches. With the switch in its up
position the signal to the Aux mix is sourced postfader. This means that the Aux send follows the
channel fader and crossfader movements. Press
the switch to source the send pre-fader. Set in this
way the fader has no affect on the Aux level.
Post-fade sends are typically used to send channel
signals to effects devices such as reverb or delay
processors. The amount of signal sent to the device
follows the fader level. The processed (wet) signal
returned to the mix elsewhere is therefore in
proportion to the direct (dry) signal regardless of
fader position.
Other post-fade uses include special recording or
zone feeds.
Pre-fade sends are typically used for DJ effects or
to feed monitor speakers such as stage foldback.
Here, it is important that fader changes made to
balance the house mix do not affect the monitor
levels.
When working with a sampler effects device you
could use either post or pre setting. If you wish to
cue the sampler effect before raising the source
fader into the mix then set it pre-fade. Use the
sampler return channel fader to bring up or remove
the effect from the mix.
☺
You can use the Aux mix to cue your music
when beat or cut mixing. Set all sends pre-fade and
select the headphones monitor AUX switch to listen
to the selected channels. This lets you listen to the
effect of mixing the sources or matching the beat
before you bring it into the house mix.
20
XONE:92 User Guide
3 PHONO/LINE switch. Channels 1 to 4 are the
stereo ‘MUSIC’ channels. In the up position the
switch selects the PHONO input, indicated by the
green led. This input provides standard RIAA
equalisation for high quality magnetic cartridge
turntables. When pressed, LINE is selected,
indicated by the led changing colour to red. Use
this to select non-RIAA or alternative stereo music
sources.
4 LEVEL control. Adjusts the input sensitivity
of the channel to match the connected source to
the console 0dB operating level. This provides a
20dB range with continuous adjustment for line
level signals from –10dBu to +10dBu. Use the Cue
system to correctly set the level.
LO This is similar to the HI control but affects the
low (bass) frequencies below the 250Hz turning
point. . When turned fully anticlockwise the
response changes to a high pass filter (12dB/Oct)
with all frequencies below the cut-off point being
progressively attenuated. Use LO boost to
accentuate the bass lines/beats, and cut to
eliminate all LF content.
6 FILTER assign switch. Toggle this switch to
route the channel signal through either of the two
VCF FILTER sections. Selecting the switch in the
central ‘OFF’ position bypasses both the VCF
FILTER sections. Note: Routing the channels to the
filters with the filter ON can produce audible clicks;
route the channels to either filter with the filter
turned off to prevent this.
Reduce LEVEL if the red +10 led flashes.
5 MUSIC EQ. Stereo Channels 1 to 4 feature a
unique four band equaliser providing infinite
attenuation of high and low frequencies and -30dB
attenuation of mid frequencies. This provides the
DJ with effective equalisation to creatively alter and
shape the sound during live performance rather
than simply correct source problems. This type of
equaliser is known as ‘asymmetric’ because the
amount of boost and cut is not the same. Boost is
restricted to a safe +6dB to highlight selected
sounds while preventing system overload through
heavy use. Cut on the other hand, is used to
completely suck out affected frequencies allowing
two or more tracks to be mixed together without
vocals or bass lines clashing.
HI Turn this control clockwise to boost and
anticlockwise to cut the high (treble) frequencies.
This has a shelving response when turned
clockwise with all frequencies above the 2.5kHz
turning point affected. When turned fully
anticlockwise the response changes to a low pass
filter (12dB/Oct) with all frequencies above the cutoff point being progressively attenuated. Use HI
boost to brighten up the sound by adding sparkle,
and cut to eliminate all HF content.
MID 1 Turn clockwise to boost and anticlockwise to
cut the higher mid frequencies. This has a bell
shaped peak/dip response that has maximum effect
at 2kHz. Frequencies in this range can be boosted
by 6dB or attenuated by 30dB. The “Q” or
frequency bandwidth also alters from a high Q
(narrow bandwidth) on boost to a low Q wide
bandwidth when cutting. This prevents
accumulated gain when all EQ controls are fully
clockwise.
7 XFADE assign switch. Toggle this switch to
route the channel signal to either side of the
crossfader. Selecting the switch in the central ‘OFF’
position routes the signal direct to the mix outputs.
8 CUE switch. Press this switch to listen to the
pre-fader channel signal in the headphones and to
display its signal on the main meters. This does not
affect the house mix or booth speakers and lets you
audition the signal to cue a track before adding it to
the mix. Cue is typically pre-EQ for music channels
so that you do not lose your reference when beat
mixing, regardless of the EQ effect, but can be
selected to be post EQ by selecting the POST EQ
switch in the master section. The CUE light-pipe
illuminates so that you can see at a glance which
channel is cued.
Selecting one cue will automatically cancel the
previous cue. Multiple cues can be selected by
pressing two or more together, but make sure all
cues are OFF first.
9 Channel meter. A 9 led meter bar always
shows the presence of the pre-fader channel signal.
Adjust the LEVEL control for normal music
averaging 0dB with loudest moments reaching +6.
Reduce the level if the red +10 led flashes.
10 Channel fader. A 60mm linear or rotary
stereo VCA fader adjusts the signal level from off to
the normal top position. This allows smooth fade
ins and a visual indication of its contribution to the
mix. The fader does not affect the pre-fade Aux
sends.
MID 2 This is similar to MID 1 but affects the lower
mid frequencies centred at 350Hz. Boosting can
enhance the warmth of the sound while cutting can
reduce the unpleasant resonant or boomy effects.
XONE:92 User Guide
21
Crossfader and VCF
The crossfader is applied to the stereo music channels and lets you smoothly fade from one track into another
using a single fader. It is also used as a creative performance tool to layer or interact between two sounds when
cut or scratch mixing . It is fully assignable from each music channel and can be easily replaced if it becomes
damaged or worn through exceptional mechanical operation. The high quality Penny & Giles type is used.
The XONE:92 includes an enhanced version of the acclaimed analogue voltage controlled filter (VCF) section first
introduced on the XONE:62. These filters provide live performance tools far more powerful than any equaliser or
kill switch. They produce the same warm analogue resonant frequency sweeping sound as made popular by well
known classic analogue synthesisers, but using the latest high performance technology for quiet, stable operation.
1 VCA Crossfader. The XONE:92 uses eight
high performance voltage controlled amplifiers
(VCA), a pair for each music channel. The robust
45mm fader produces a DC control voltage which
determines the signal level of the VCAs. The
voltage is filtered to prevent any audible noise,
clicks or scratchiness resulting should the fader
track become worn. This benefit would not be
possible if the signal were routed through a
conventional audio fader.
2 Crossfader assignment indicators. Four
green leds above the crossfader help you visually
check which channels are routed to the crossfader.
22
3 Crossfader Curve. XONE:92 allows the
response of the crossfader to be altered to match all
mixing styles. Turning the crossfade curve control
fully anticlockwise gives a progressive curve with a
dip (4dB) in the centre position. Rotating the control
clockwise gradually reduces the centre dip and
sharpens the attack. Fully clockwise the response
is almost instantaneous and full signal level is
reached as soon as the crossfader knob is moved
from its end stop.
4 XFADE select switch. In the central position
the music signal level is unaffected by the
crossfader. Toggle to route the VCA control signal
through the crossfader. To route to the left (X) side
make sure the switch is in its left position. Switch to
the right position to route to the right (Y) side. The
relevant channel crossfader assignment indicator 2
will light.
XONE:92 User Guide
Replacing the Crossfader
The VCF Filters
The crossfader on a DJ mixer is heavily used and
can suffer considerable wear and tear. The audio
design using VCAs prevents clicks and scratchiness
as the fader wears. However, the movement can
become mechanically stiff or sloppy in time, or
become ingrained with dirt. Should this be the case
the fader may need replacement.
A voltage controlled filter is an audio filter where
the cut-off frequency is altered by a DC control
voltage rather than a variable resistor. This
produces a much wider operating range and more
control over the filter response to create unlimited
combinations of tonal effect.
The XONE:92 crossfader is removable and can
easily be replaced in a few minutes. Make sure you
order the correct Penny & Giles version from your
Allen & Heath dealer: Part number 002-719.
Two stereo VCFs are provided, one either side of
the crossfader. Each can be switched in or out, has
its own frequency sweep control and can be
assigned to either side of the crossfader. Two
independent Low Frequency Oscillators LFO
provide filter modulation.
5 FILTER ON switch. Each filter has its own ON
switch. The blue light-pipe lights when the filter is
switched on. The signal is not affected by the filter if
the switch is in its off position. Use this to punch the
filter effect in or out.
6 FILTER assign switch. In the central position
the music signal is not affected by the filter. Toggle
to route the signal through the filter. To route to the
left (X) filter make sure the switch is in its left
position. Switch to the right position to route to the
right (Y) filter. To avoid audible clicks only route
channels to the filters when the filter is OFF.
Use a medium size cross-point (Pozidriv)
screwdriver to undo and remove the two outer
screws on the crossfader plate. Do not remove the
inner screws. Lift the crossfader assembly up and
away from the console panel. Unplug the cable
from the old crossfader and plug in the new
assembly. Check that the connector is correctly
aligned and pushed on. Replace the assembly
making sure the cable faces the left side of the
console. Refit the screws and test operation.
7 FREQ VCF sweep control. The VCF control
sets the cut-off frequency of the filter (-3dB point).
Each filter has its own frequency sweep control to
adjust the cut-off point anywhere from low to high
frequency. Rotating the control during performance
produces dynamic sweeping effects or filter sweeps.
These large soft touch controls are positioned either
side of the crossfader for convenient live operation.
0dB
-20
-40
DIP
-60
-80
0dB
-20
-40
CUT
-60
-80
XONE:92 User Guide
23
LFO modulation
8 RESONANCE control. Adjust this to change
the ‘Q’ or ‘sharpness’ of the filters. This affects how
they respond around the cut-off frequency. At the
minimum MILD setting the filters have a gentle rolloff ‘knee’ giving a subtle, smooth response. At the
clockwise WILD setting they produce a resonant
feedback boost around cut-off resulting in some
very dramatic performance effects. The sound
varies according to the filter type selected. To avoid
unexpected results it is best to start experimenting
with RESONANCE set to a low position. Set the
control to the “two o’clock” position for the flattest
frequency response
RESONANCE
HI (WILD)
MID
LO (MILD)
0dB
LO
FREQUENCY
HI
High RESONANCE settings can result in
significant boost of selected frequencies.
Reduce the channel GAIN if the signal levels
increase enough to light the red PK leds in the
output meters. Failure to do this may result in
system overload and distortion.
The XONE:92 VCF filters are further enhanced by
two independent LFOs. The LFOs can be applied
to either VCF for additional cyclic filter modulation
effects.
11 LFO ON switch. Each LFO has its own ON
switch. The red led lights when the LFO is switched
on. The filter is not affected by the LFO if the switch
is in its off position. Use this to punch the LFO
effect in or out.
12 LFO DEPTH control. Rotate control knob
clockwise to increase the depth (amount) of the LFO
modulation applied to the VCF.
13 TAP tempo control. ‘Tapping’ the button
sets the speed of the LFO in time with the last two
button presses. Once set, the light-pipe flashes red
in time with the LFO.
14 X2 tempo switch. Press this switch to double
the LFO speed; determined by setting the TAP
tempo 13 .
9 VCF TO XFADER control. Press this switch to
assign either filter to the crossfader. The crossfader
can then be used instead of the FREQ VCF sweep
control to create filter effects whilst crossfading.
10 VCF LINK 2-1. Press this switch to link
FILTER 2 VCF to FILTER 1VCF. FILTER 2 FREQ
can now be controlled by the FREQ VCF sweep
control of FILTER 1. This can be used to
synchronise the cut-off point of both filters. For
instance, assign Channel 1 to Filter 1 and Channel
2 to Filter 2. Select a low pass filter on filter 1 and
a high pass on filter 2. With both filters ON and the
link switch selected, the low frequencies of channel
1 will be accurately joined to the high frequencies of
channel 2. This can be used to produce to
incredibly smooth mixes or to mix tracks that would
otherwise clash when mixed conventionally.
24
XONE:92 User Guide
Filter Type Select
The filters are ‘state variable’. This means that they
provide three simultaneous filter types, high-pass,
band-pass and low-pass. Three large illuminated
switches select which type is active. You can press
any combination together to create different
response types such as ‘notch’ and an interesting
‘all-pass’ effect. The switches are ‘soft switched’ for
live performance, meaning that the audio signal is
ramped between filter states to prevent audible
clicks.
Note that the last selected type is lost when power
is removed from the console. The LPF is always
selected when power is applied.
The graphs below show the effect on the audio
frequency response for the three filter types. The
range of sweep from low to high frequency is shown
together with the effect of adjusting RESONANCE
(one frequency with several resonance settings
shown).
The vertical scale shows the amount of cut or boost
around the normal 0dB operating level. The
horizontal scale shows the change in frequency
from low (bass) to high (treble).
+15
+10
LO
+5
HI
0dB
-5
-10
Use the HPF with the VCF as a mix aid.
Set the VCF control to the nine o’clock position to
remove all the low frequencies when bringing a
track into the mix. Progressively rotate the VCF
control anticlockwise to bring in the bass.
12 BPF. Press this switch to select the bandpass filter. Frequencies above and below the cut-off
point are removed leaving just a narrow band of
sound. Sweep VCF around its mid position to affect
lead sounds such as keyboard and vocals.
☺ Tip.
Try picking out individual sounds such as
vocals and mixing them into the beat and bass of
the opposite track to create a whole new mix. Add a
little resonance to the BPF to lift the sound out of
the mix.
☺ Tip.
-15
-20
☺ Tip.
13 LPF. Press this switch to select the low-pass
filter. Frequencies above the cut-off point are
removed. The cut-off point is adjusted using the
VCF control. At minimum only sub bass remains.
Sweep clockwise to gradually introduce the bass
line followed by higher frequencies into the mix.
HI-PASS FILTER
+20
11 HPF. Press this switch to select the highpass filter. Frequencies below the cut-off point are
removed. The cut-off point is adjusted using the
large VCF control. At minimum little effect is heard
as only sub bass frequencies are removed. Sweep
clockwise to gradually remove the bass line followed
by the higher frequencies. The highest frequency is
limited to 10kHz as little useful material is heard
beyond this.
20
100
1kHz
10k
20k
BAND-PASS FILTER
+20
+15
+10
LO
+5
HI
Try sweeping the LPF back to a low
setting to keep the beat and energy going while
bringing another track into the mix. Try also
punching in the filter and sweeping it back from high
to low in time with the beat. Punch it out at the start
of the next bar.
0dB
-5
-10
-15
-20
20
+20
100
1kHz
10k
20k
LO-PASS FILTER
+15
+10
LO
+5
HI
0dB
-5
-10
-15
-20
20
100
☺ Tip.
1kHz
10k
20k
In addition to the three basic filter types you can
experiment with new effects by selecting
combinations of switches together. Press and
release the switches together. They illuminate to
show which filter types are active. For example:
HPF+LPF = NOTCH. Used with low settings of
RESONANCE you get a phasing effect. Try
sweeping the effect across the frequency range.
HPF+BPF+LPF = ALL PASS. A surprising effect
considering that all frequencies are ‘passed’.
However, the filter type interaction around the cutoff point creates an interesting effect that varies
from subtle to dramatic depending on the
RESONANCE setting.
Take some time to experiment with the
filters before ‘going live’
XONE:92 User Guide
25
Master Mix and Monitor System
The XONE:92 provides two stereo main mix outputs with independent level control on
balanced XLR and jack connections to drive the house PA amplifier system or additional
zone feeds. You can make a music only recording by connecting to the independent
record output. Full DJ monitoring facilities are available with independent headphones
and booth monitors, together with stereo metering system. Every music channel signal
can be checked individually or within any mix, ideal for system setup and performance
cueing. Facilities such as Mono and Split-Cue switching are well suited to the way the
professional DJ works.
1 MIX MASTERS. Two rotary master controls
adjust the output levels feeding the house PA.
These are stereo controls which adjust the left and
right signals simultaneously. They affect the stereo
mix. Note that they do not affect the record and
booth outputs. The MIX 1 maximum position
represents unity (0dB) gain. The MIX 2 maximum
position represents +10dB gain. If you find yourself
normally setting the controls in the lower part of their
travel then the connected equipment may be too
sensitive for the operating level of the console. With
the controls set to their maximum positions adjust
the input level trim of connected equipment for the
loudest level allowed.
In a club or similar installation strict sound
level and noise regulations may apply. Check
that your system levels are set up to comply.
2 MIX / MONITOR METERS. A pair of meter bars
displays the level of the selected headphones
monitor source. This is either the main LR mix, an
Aux mix or Cue. When SPLIT CUE is selected the
left meter displays the active CUE signal, the right
displays PRG (program), both in mono.
Each meter has 9 leds to indicate signal levels from
a low –20dB. Green and blue leds indicate normal
operating levels. The top red led lights at +10dB
still providing a healthy 12dB before clipping. Meter
‘0’ represents +4dBu at the MIX 1 XLR outputs and
-2dBu at the MIX 2 LINE outputs. The meters are
peak responding with a fast attack and are therefore
able to display fast transients accurately.
3 CUE ACTIVE indicator. A large red led lights
when a channel CUE is active. This indicates that
the selected channel CUE signal is heard in the
headphones and displayed on the monitor meters.
It is important to use CUE to set the channel levels
correctly to maintain the wide dynamic range
achievable with this console. Reduce the gain if the
red +10 leds flash.
26
XONE:92 User Guide
4 HEADPHONES level control. Adjusts the level
of the signal in the stereo headphones. This does
not affect the level of the local booth monitor.
WARNING Some headphones are more
sensitive than others and can produce higher
output levels. To avoid damage to your hearing
start with the level control at minimum and turn
up only as much as is needed to maintain
comfortable listening level. Do not drive
headphones at high listening levels for long
periods of time.
5 POST EQ switch. In the normal up position
the headphones and meters monitor the Pre-EQ
cue signal from each music channel. This means
that you will not hear changes made in the EQ,
which can be useful if you dramatically alter the
frequency response by cutting all LF, but still need
to monitor the beats to keep a track in sync.
Pressing this switch will allow you to monitor post
EQ and hear any changes made to the channel EQ.
Toggling between pre and post EQ is useful to
compare the effect of the EQ.
6 SPLIT CUE switch. Press this switch to
change the way CUE operates. Normally, pressing
a channel CUE switch overrides both left and right
monitor program signals with the stereo cue signal.
With the switch pressed, CUE overrides just the left
channel leaving the program in the right channel.
The left monitor meter displays the cue signal, right
displays program. This is invaluable in club mixing
where the main program should remain audible
while cueing other channels ready to bring them into
the mix. It is very useful when beat mixing using
headphones. Note that Cue does not affect the
main output or booth monitor.
7 AUX 1-2 switches. In the normal up position
the headphones and meters monitor the main mix.
Press these switches to select either of the stereo
Aux mixes as the headphones monitor source.
Note that this does not affect the main outputs or
booth monitor.
☺ Tip.
Use split-CUE to match the beat between
two tracks when beat mixing, or check the effect
before cut mixing. Alternatively, you can select
either of the Auxs and raise the sends on the two
channels to give you a pre-fade stereo PREVIEW of
the mix which does not affect the main output. In
this way you can hear exactly how it will sound in
the main mix before you raise the channel faders or
flip the crossfader. Use the Aux send controls as
your preview faders. Pressing any CUE switch will
override the preview.
XONE:92 User Guide
8 CUE/ADD MIX control. Allows the main mix
output to be added to the CUE signal. Turned fully
anticlockwise, only the active CUE is heard through
the headphones when CUE is active. Gradually
turning clockwise introduces the main mix output to
the headphones, together with the active CUE.
Selecting SPLIT CUE will automatically override this
control.
The HEADPHONES Monitor
The DJ uses the headphones to check the mic and
music sources and to cue tracks ready to bring them
into the mix. The headphones isolate the dance
floor sound from the DJ and also prevent the
audience from hearing the monitor.
9 HEADPHONE OUTPUTS. These outputs are
positioned on the front panel so that the DJ can plug
in favourite headphones without needing access to
the rear connector panel. Headphones are
available in many different styles, impedances and
volume ratings. To get the best from your system
we recommend that you use high quality closed-ear
headphones with ¼” jack connection in the range 30
to 100 ohms. 8 Ohm headphones are not
recommended.
The BOOTH Monitor
The DJ uses the booth monitor to reinforce the
music level in his booth so that he can ‘feel’ and
interact with the beat. This provides an independent
music only monitor that is not affected by the main
Mix master or Cue controls. To avoid acoustic
feedback the microphone signals are not routed to
the booth monitor.
10 MONO switch. Sums the left and right
monitor signals together so that the selected stereo
source can be checked in mono. Use this to check
for mono compatibility, especially important in dance
floor and recording applications. A drop in level or
loss of low frequencies when pressed indicates
reversed polarity between the left and right signals.
Alternatively, you can select this if you wish to run
the booth monitor in mono rather than stereo. Note
that the MONO switch does not affect the
headphones monitor.
11 BOOTH MONITOR level control. Adjusts the
level of the signal to the stereo booth monitor
output. This does not affect the headphones.
12 MUTE switch. Press to mute the booth
monitor output. The red led lights when the monitor
is muted. The headphones and main outputs are
not affected. This is useful when the DJ chooses to
work with headphones only, check the sound level
from the dance floor, or quieten the monitor to talk
to staff or take a request.
27
MIDI Control of External Devices
MIDI is short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface conceived in the 1980’s so that
keyboards and other electronic instruments could have a common interface allowing
them to communicate with each another. Applications now include sound and lighting
consoles, computer sequencing, show control and performance effects control. The
XONE:92 is unique in being the first DJ mixer to include MIDI functionality. Equipped
with a MIDI out socket, XONE:92 allows the DJ to control other external MIDI devices
from featured front panel controls. This adds to the unique combination of creative tools
available to the DJ.
XONE:92 can be used to remotely control effects units, sequencers, drum machines etc
via MIDI providing the unit you wish to control is compatible with the MIDI controller
codes generated. Most computer sequencing programs allows you to map different
controller codes to virtually any function within the software, so providing the greatest
flexibility of control. Refer to the user guide of the device or program you wish to use to
check for compatibility. The default MIDI channel used is 16, but this can be changed
internally to 15 if required.
Basic Setup
Connect MIDI OUT from the XONE:92 to the MIDI IN of the device you wish to control.
Use a standard 5-pin MIDI lead. Set the device MIDI channel number to 16 (or 15 if the
XONE:92 has been changed internally). Refer to the device user guide for further details.
If you want to use the XONE:92 as a master clock, for instance with a drum machine or
sequencer, you need to set the device to receive External MIDI clocks. Once again you
need to refer to the relevant user guide.
For more detailed descriptions of how to set up specific software/effects units etc please
log on to our web site at www.xone.co.uk These descriptions will be updated from
time to time as more applications and compatible devices are included.
XONE:92 as a Master Tempo Controller
Using the XONE:92 to sync an external sequencer or drum machine to a pre-recorded
source takes practice, but once learned can be achieved quite quickly, and is a great
way to add your own loops, patterns and so on to your favourite tracks.
Once you have got the device to respond to the XONE:92 master MIDI clock and
stop/start button, use the following method:
Set the Tempo/Data control 1 to its center (detented) position, with the Stop/Start
button 2 OFF. Tap in the tempo of the track you want to sync to, using the VCF 2 LFO
Tap Tempo button 3
Accuracy here is very important, try to tap in the beat as
precisely as possible; you will find that you get more adept the more you practice. Once
you have a near approximation of the tempo, hit the Start button to set off the sequencer
on the first beat of a bar.
Depending on how accurately you have tapped in the beat the sequence should play in
sync for a short while, but will probably drift after a few seconds. If the tempo is too fast,
turn the Tempo/Data control anti-clockwise to slow down the MIDI clock, if it is too slow,
turn it clockwise to speed it up. After each adjustment restart the sequencer until the
clock speed has been set to match the beat and maintain synchronisation. The
Tempo/Data control has finer effect on clock speed in and around its center position, and
greater effect as it is rotated towards either end. For this reason the more accurate tap
tempo you start with the easier it will be to fine tune to stay in sync.
Remember to always return the Tempo/Data control to the center position before tapping
in a new BPM.
28
XONE:92 User Guide
MIDI Control Codes
XONE:92 control
Controller Code Generated
Controller Name
VCF 1 FREQ
CC12
Effect Control 1
VCF 2 FREQ
CC13
Effect control 2
Crossfader movement
CC92
Tremolo Level
Data Controller (internal option)
CC94
Celeste Level
Tap Temp LFO 2
MIDI Clocks
Start/Stop
MIDI Start/Stop-rewind
+
1 TEMPO ADJ / DATA control. The default
application for this control is to allow adjustment of
the MIDI clock speed set by the VCF 2 TAP
TEMPO button 3 . With the control in its mid
position the clock speed is unaffected. Rotate anticlockwise to reduce, or clockwise to increase the
clock speed. This allows external sequencers or
drum machines to be accurately aligned to the BPM
of pre recorded tracks.
An internal jumper can be reassigned to change the
function of this control to a dedicated DATA send,
and will output Control Change CC94. See Service
Options for details.
2 START / STOP button. Sends MIDI start/stop
data to an external sequencer or MIDI device. The
Lights yellow when pressed. Push once to transmit
MIDI start data, push again to transmit MIDI clock
stop+rewind data. MIDI output:
ON (1st press), STOP/REWIND (2nd press).
3 TAP TEMPO button. The tempo of the MIDI
clock is set by tapping it in using the button. The
BPM is determined by the last two button presses.
4 FREQ VCF sweep control. Both controls
independently output MIDI data 0 to 127:
VCF 1 FREQ:
Control Change CC12
VCF 2 FREQ:
Control Change CC13
5 CROSSFADER. Move the crossfader to output
MIDI data 0 (farthest left) to 127 (farthest right).
XFADER:
MIDI OUT
XONE:92 User Guide
Control Change CC92
6 MIDI OUT socket (chassis). 5 pin DIN socket.
Outputs all XONE:92 MIDI data to an external MIDI
compatible device.
29
XONE:92 MIDI Implementation Chart
O = Available
Function
X = Not used
Transmitted
Received
Basis Channel
Default
16
X
Option
15
X
Default
X
X
Messages
X
X
Altered
X
X
Note Number
X
X
Note ON
X
X
Note OFF
X
X
Keys
X
X
Channel
X
X
Pitch Bend
X
X
12
O
X
13
O
X
92
O
X
94
O
X
Program Change
X
X
System Exclusive
X
X
Song Position
X
X
Song Select
X
X
Tune Request
X
X
Clock
O
X
Commands
O
X
Local On/Off
X
X
All Notes Off
X
X
Active Sensing
X
X
System Reset
X
X
Remarks
Internal DIP switch
setting
Mode
Velocity
Aftertouch
Control Change
Internal jumper option
System Common
System Real Time
Aux Messages
30
XONE:92 User Guide
Glossary
The following section is included to help you understand some of the technical terms and
jargon referred to with consoles of this type. It is by no means a complete reference.
Please refer to specialist audio publications should you wish to know more.
Amplitude Another term used for signal level.
Asymmetric EQ An equaliser with a different
amount of cut and boost of the frequency bands.
This is used to restrict the available boost so
preventing system overload while providing
extended cut to allow dramatic performance effects
by ‘killing’ selected frequencies.
Attenuate Reduce the signal level.
Aux Auxiliary. An independent mix derived from
the channels for various functions. This can be set
pre (before) or post (after) the channel fader. Prefade sends are often used for foldback monitors or
DJ sampler effects feeds. Post-fade sends are
often used for reverb effects, zone and special
recording feeds.
Balanced, Unbalanced Refers to the type of input
or output signal connection. An unbalanced
connection has two signal carrying conductors, one
of which is the cable shield. A balanced connection
has three conductors, two for signal and a shield
which is connected to earth. Because the signal
conductors are at the same impedance and of
opposite polarity they are better able to cancel and
therefore reject interference and noise pickup. It is
standard practice to use balanced connections for
long cable runs, for example to amplifiers, or cables
carrying sensitive or low level signals, for example
microphones.
Bandpass A filter with a bell-shaped response for
attenuation of frequencies either side of the centre
frequency.
Beat Mixing Using the variable pitch controls on
turntables/CD players to synchronise the rhythm
track of two separate songs, so that the beat
remains constant when smoothly cross-fading from
one to the other.
Bi-amping Providing separate amplifiers to drive
the high and low frequency units in a loudspeaker.
This requires a crossover processor that splits the
frequency band into low and high. Bi-amping
usually produces a cleaner and more controllable
sound in larger systems.
BPM Beats Per Minute. The measurement of the
rhythmic beat of the music.
Booth The area, often enclosed, where the DJ
operates. Usually provided with local booth monitor
loudspeakers.
Cardiod The response of a microphone which is
more sensitive in front than behind. This is
XONE:92 User Guide
generally used for vocal miking to reduce acoustic
feedback.
Cut Mixing Moving the cross-fade control sharply
from one side to the other, to either pick out a
sound, a hi-hat, kick drum etc, or to drop straight
into another record. Also known as chopping.
Cartridge The pickup in a turntable. Uses a
needle to pick up vibrations from the record (vinyl)
and convert this to electrical signals that feed the
console. The cartridge is usually fitted to a
removable headshell that plugs into the turntable
arm.
Clipping The harsh distorted sound that results
when the signal hits the maximum level possible.
This is set by the power rail voltage. Above this
there is simply no more voltage available so the
signal is ‘clipped’.
Compact Disc (CD) Well established stereo
player using digitally mastered pre-recorded flat
discs. Becoming popular with DJs as a replacement
or alternative to vinyl mixing. Recordable CDs are
now available.
Crossfader A short horizontally mounted fader for
smoothly fading one music track in while fading the
other out. Often used by the DJ for cutting and
layering sounds while mixing.
Cue A monitor system provided for the DJ or
console operator to check individual channel signals
using headphones while lining up tracks ready to
introduce into the mix. This does not affect the main
console outputs.
DAT Digital Audio Tape. A type of digital 2 track
recorder that uses a small tape cartridge to produce
high quality recordings in a compact format.
dB Decibel. The unit of measurement for audio
signal level. This is logarithmic to follow the
response of the human ear. ‘dB’ is a relative
measurement to compare one level with another, for
example gain from input to output. ‘dBu’ is an
absolute measurement referenced to a voltage
standard where 0dBu = 0.775V rms. The console
main outputs operate at the professional ‘high’
standard of +4dBu (1.23V) = ‘0’ reading on the
meters. '’dBV’ is a similar measurement but refers
to a 1V standard. It is common for consumer
equipment to operate a the ‘low’ standard of –
10dBV (316mV). ‘dBA’ refers to sound pressure
level and is measured using the ‘A’ scale that
‘hears’ in the same way as the human ear.
31
DJ Disc Jockey. The console operator sequencing
and playing the music tracks. Some simply play the
tracks, others talk over with introductions and
announcements, and others provide an entertaining
performance by mixing and shaping sounds to
create a completely different musical experience.
Hum Apart from not knowing the words… this is
the audible noise that usually results from mains
interference pickup, earth loops, bad
interconnections and induced power supply and
lighting fields. It is usually at mains frequency
(50/60Hz) or a related harmonic.
Drum Machine An electronic drum simulator as
used by keyboard players and in electronic music.
This now provides another DJ tool to create an
alternative beat to mix in with the music.
Impedance (Z) A technical term for the resistance
of a signal conductor to ground. Low impedance
usually refers to microphones of 200 ohms or less,
and line signals typically less than 100 ohms. Low
Z sources are less prone to interference pickup.
Inputs are usually high impedance so that one
source can connect to more than one channel
without signal loss. Note that the operating
impedance of a connection is set by the impedance
of the source, not that of the unconnected input.
Dynamic Range The difference expressed in dB
between the highest and lowest signal levels
possible. This is limited by the clipping level and
residual noise floor respectively.
Earth Also known as ‘ground’. The term for the
electronic signal reference. This connects to the
mains supply earth point and all cable shields and
conductive equipment cases. It provides the return
for the signal voltage within the equipment. It also
ensures operator safety by removing the possibility
of electric shock should the mains voltage touch any
metal part.
Earth Loop The result when the equipment sees
more than one path to the system earth. Current
flows because a resistive loop susceptible to radio
and mains interference is formed. This can result in
audible hum or buzz in the system.
Equaliser (EQ) This provides cut or boost of
selected frequencies (equalisation) for tonal shaping
of the sound. This is similar to the bass and treble
controls of domestic hifi amplifiers. However, XONE
provides 4 independently controllable frequency
bands for corrective or effective sound shaping.
Feedback Also known as ‘howlround’ or ‘ringing’
this is the rapidly increasing tone produced when a
microphone picks up its own signal from the
speakers. It is usually a shrill and annoying squeal
that should be quickly dealt with by reducing mic
gain or equalising the system to notch out the
offending frequencies.
Gain This is the boost or attenuation applied to the
source signal in the channel preamp stage to match
it to the console operating level. For example, a
large amount of gain is need to match low
microphone signals. It is set using the console
meters. Gain is not used for level (volume) control.
Headroom The amount of level available
expressed in dB to handle peaks above the normal
0dB operating level.
Hz Hertz. The measurement of frequency. The
audio spectrum ranges from a low (bass) frequency
of 20Hz to a high (treble) 20kHz. Not many sound
systems reproduce the full range. Average hearing
does not extend much beyond 15kHz or so.
Response is further impaired if the ear is subjected
to continual high sound pressure levels.
Highpass A filter that attenuates frequencies
below the cut-off frequency.
32
Impedance balanced Refers to the type of output
signal connection. Has three conductors, two for
signal and a shield which is connected to earth.
Provides interference rejection similar to a fully
balanced connection because the two signal
conductors are matched at the same impedance.
However, the drive capability is less because the
signal is carried by only one conductor.
LFO Low Frequency Oscillator. Oscillator used as
a cyclic modulation source.
Limiter A signal processor that limits the maximum
level possible by preventing the signal going over a
predetermined threshold level. This is very useful in
club installations where it is inserted between the
console and house system amplifiers to prevent the
DJ exceeding the maximum allowable volume.
Lowpass A filter that attenuates frequencies
above the cut-off frequency.
MC Master of Ceremonies. The presenter who
introduces the performances and maintains the
running order.
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface. A
protocol designed in the early 1980’s to enable
electronic instruments to communicate.
MiniDisc A type of low cost digital 2-track recorder
that uses a disc similar to but smaller than that used
by computers. It records up to 74 minutes of stereo
material and is regarded as the modern
replacement for the audio cassette recorder. It has
the added facility to label and edit tracks.
Mono The left and right stereo signals summed
together as one.
Mute To turn off the signal.
Noise Generic term for an unwanted signal. This
may be residual electronic hiss, hum, buzz, clicks
and pops, or simply loud undesirable music.
Noise Floor This is the term for the residual
electronic noise produced by all powered audio
equipment. It usually sounds like a constant hiss,
although some equipment may suffer from residual
hum as well.
XONE:92 User Guide
Omni-directional The response of a microphone
which picks up sounds equally all round. Not suited
to live vocal applications as they are more prone to
feed back.
Pan Panoramic. A control that adjusts the balance
of the signal in the left and right speakers.
Peak Meter A type of signal meter that has a very
fast attack and slower release. This picks up the
fast signal transients and holds them long enough
for the operator to see the activity on the display.
These meters typically use led (light emitting diode)
displays.
Phantom Power The DC voltage required by
certain microphones to power the capsule. These
are usually sensitive studio grade mics not suited to
DJ mixing. The power is provided by the console
using the two signal conductors in the balanced
connection. There is no provision on XONE for this
type of microphone.
Phono Abbreviation for phonograph as in
‘turntable’. Usually means RIAA equipped input
when marked on console inputs. Can also refer to
the RCA ‘phono’ type pin jack connector found on
turntables, CDs and much domestic equipment.
Polarity Sometimes referred to as ‘phase’ this is
the + / - sense of a balanced signal or loudspeaker
connection. Reversed polarity should be avoided
and checked for as it can cause uncomfortable
phasing effects between speakers.
Resonance Applied to the filters this is the effect
of accentuating frequencies around the cut-off point
to produce subtle or dramatic phasing effects.
RIAA Record Industry of America Association,
responsible for the long established equalisation
standard that is applied to the signal produced by a
turntable cartridge. Due to the physics of vinyl
reproduction the needle produces a reasonable high
frequency signal but much less low frequency. An
RIAA pre-amplifier compensates for this by
inversely attenuating the high and boosting the low
frequencies.
Reverberation The way in which sound reflects
and bounces around the room after the source is
removed. This depends on the size and shape of
the room as well as the materials such as carpets,
curtains and clothing that absorb certain
frequencies.
Reverb Effect This is a signal processor that
connects to the console to artificially simulate the
reverb effect. Parameters such as decay time,
diffusion and amount of reverb can be controlled.
Typically selected sounds are sent to the processor
by turning up the channel post-fade aux sends. The
processed (wet) signal is returned to the mix
through a channel where it adds to the direct (dry)
signal routed from the channel fader.
RPM Revolutions Per Minute. The measurement
of turntable speed.
XONE:92 User Guide
Sampler Another performance effect popular with
DJs. The channel signal is sent to a digital
processor that samples (stores) a short duration of
sound. The output is returned through a channel
and replayed by pressing a trigger. Many samplers
provide creative effects such as repeat and reverse.
Scratch Mixing The art of rhythmically rocking a
record back and forward on a turntable, to repeat a
certain sound, a vocal or tone, at the same time
operating the cross-fader to create a syncopated
“wah wah” chirp added over a bass heavy back
beat.
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SN) This is the difference
expressed in dB between the normal 0dB operating
level and the residual noise floor. It represents how
far above the equipment hiss level the signal
operates. More is better.
Slipmat A fabric turntable mat positioned under
the record so that the DJ can hold it stationary ready
to let go for a fast start at the point cued.
Sound-to-Light A processor that converts an
audio signal into a control voltage that triggers
lighting effects. This produces the popular disco
effects with lights flashing in time to the beat.
Split Cue A facility to listen to the cue signal in one
ear while keeping the program in the other. Used
for matching the beat while cueing a new track.
Sub Bass A loudspeaker designed to reproduce
only very low frequency sound, typically from
around 50 to 120Hz. A crossover is used to route
only the low frequencies to the sub.
TRS Jack Refers to the 3-pole (stereo) ¼” jack
plug with Tip, Ring and Sleeve connections.
Turntable Otherwise known as a ‘record deck’ this
plays vinyl discs, still the most popular source for DJ
mixing. It is common for the cartridge to plug
directly into the mixing console ‘phono’ input which
provides the RIAA equalisation required. The
turntable usually has variable speed control so that
the DJ can synchronise the beat between tracks.
VCA Voltage Controlled Amplifier. An audio gain
element whose level is controlled by a remote DC
voltage rather than through a fader or rotary control.
VCA Crossfader Functions as an audio
crossfader but with the audio level controlled by a
DC voltage produced by the fader. This voltage can
be electronically filtered and is therefore able to
remove the clicks, scratches and drop-outs
associated with worn audio faders.
VCF Voltage Controlled Filter. An audio filter
whose cut-off frequency is controlled by a remote
DC voltage rather than a rotary or switched control.
This provides greater range and capability.
XLR The professional standard 3 pin round
connector used for microphone and other balanced
connections. Equipment female sockets are for
inputs, male for outputs.
33
Specifications
0dBu = 0.775 Volts rms, +4dBu = 1.23V rms
Max output level
0dBV = 1 Volt rms, -10dBV = 316mV rms
MIX 1
+22dBu into 47 ohm
MIX 2
+20dBu into 47 ohm
AUX
+21dBu into 47 ohm
REC
+11dBV into 600 ohm
Internal headroom
Channels
+22dB
Freq response
+/-0.5dB
Distortion
< 0.003% THD+noise @1kHz
Crosstalk
> -93dB Inter-channel
MIC EIN 22-22kHz
-126dB 150 ohm source
Residual noise
MIX 1
Main meters
Peak reading 9 led
-20 to +10
Mic EQ
4-Band +/-15dB
100, 250, 2.5k, 10kHz
Music EQ
4-Band +6dB / -30 (Mids)
Infinity (12dB/Oct) LF/HF
5Hz to 30kHz
250,350, 2k, 2.5K
Ch fader
60mm stereo or rotary VCA
Mix 1 & 2 faders Rotary
Crossfader
45mm stereo VCA
Replaceable
Filters
Dual stereo VCF
Analogue
-96dBu
Panel
Steel
PSU
Internal switch mode
Mains In
3 pin IEC socket
BOOTH -89dBu (-87dB S/N)
Power Lead
Country dependant
REC
AC mains
110 to 240V AC @ 47/63Hz
Consumption
30W max
Fuse rating
100-240V AC T500mAL
-99dBu
MIX 2
-106dBu
AUX
-90dBu
BOOTH -106dBu
REC
Mix noise
Channel meters
MIX 1
-88dBu (-90dB S/N)
MIX 2
-90dBu (-88dB S/N)
AUX
-88dBu (-86dB S/N)
-96dBu
Peak reading 9 led
-20 to +10
Dimensions and Weights
The console is fitted with rubber feet for desktop operation. A screw on rack ear kit is included for
rack or plinth mounting.
Width
Height
Depth
Weight
Desktop
320 mm (12.6”)
87.6 mm (3.5”)
358 mm (14”)
6 kg (13 lbs)
Rack ears fitted (1)
370 mm (14.6”)
87.6 mm (3.5”)
358 mm (14”)
Rack ears fitted (2)
482 mm (19”)
87.6 mm (3.5”)
358 mm (14”)
Packed
470 mm (18.5”)
210 mm (8.3”)
400 mm (15.7”)
8 kg (18 lbs)
Rack Ears
Allow permanent fixing in a plinth or rack system. Rack Ears bolt on to the sides of console in three
orientations. Ensure air vents are not obstructed. Fix in place using M6 screws or bolts.
87.60
101.60
76.20
320
370 with rack ears fitted
34
465.2 rack ear fixings
37.30 101.60
120
358.00
Can be fitted
two ways:
Either flange
flush with
top panel or
flush with
underside of
chassis.
8.40
348 rack ear fixings
Rack ear fixings
117
11
482 with rack ears fitted
XONE:92 User Guide
CUE MIX
CUE POST DC
CUE LOGIC DC
AUX 1 MIX
AUX 2 MIX
FILTER 1 MIX
FILTER 2 MIX
XFADE X/Y DC
CLEANFEED MIX
LR MIX
XONE:92
BLOCK DIAGRAM
CROSSFADER
XFADE CURVE
MIDI OUT
X
CUE
Y
PRE-EQ
POST-EQ
FILTER 2 MIX
FADER
STEREO INPUTS
1,2,3,4
METER
FILTER 1
FILTER 2
LFO DEPTH
LFO DEPTH
MIDI
TEMPO/DATA
TEMPO
+
TEMPO ADJUST
DATA
4 BAND EQ
LEVEL
X
ON
Y
OFF
XFADE SELECT
HI
PHONO/LINE
PHONO
L R
XFADER - CC92
FILTER 1 MIX
PRE/POST EQ SELECT
+
MID1
START/STOP
X2
X2
TAP
TAP
START/STOP-REWIND
DC
GN = PHONO
RED = LINE
MIDI DATA - CC94
ON
RESONANCE
RESONANCE
VCF2 TAP TEMPO MIDI CLOCK
RIAA
MID2
DC
RIAA
DISABLE
+10dB GAIN
DISABLE
LIMIT
MAX RES
1
2
OFF
FILTER SELECT
LO
VCF to
XFADER
VCF to
XFADER
HPF
HPF
BPF
BPF
AUX1
PRE
VCF2 FREQ - CC13
MIDI OUTPUT CONFIGURE
LPF
LPF
AUX2
PRE
VCF1 FREQ - CC12
VCF
LINK 2-1
FREQ
ON
FILTER
DISABLE
ON
OFF
FREQ
CH16
CH15
VCF1
VCF2
XFADER
MIDI CH
VCA
LINE
L R
LIMIT
MAX RES
ON
FILTER
DISABLE
CUE
2=+
MIC/RTN INPUTS
1,2
CLEANFEED MIX
4 BAND EQ
+
-
GN = MIC
RED = RTN
FADER
HI
MOMENTARY
MID1
+
CLEANFEED CONTROL
R
MIX
MUSIC ONLY
MIC = CLEANFEED ENABLED
RTN = CLEANFEED DISABLED
L
MIX 2
RECORD OUT
DUCK
MIX 2
OUT
-2dBu
L
OFF
MID2
STEREO RTN
L/M
MIX 1
OUT
+4dBu
BAL
LR MIX
GN = CH ON
RED = PEAK
MIC/RTN
2= +
L
MIX 1
MUSIC+MIC
2=+
LEVEL
MIC
LR+CF
+
-15dB DUCKING
-10dBV
R
R
ON
LATCHED
LO
BOOTH
CLEANFEED
DISABLE
MONO MUTE
R
PRE
L
BOOTH
BOOTH
OUT
-2dBu
AUX1
R
PRE
AUX2
L
AUX 1 MIX
ADD MIX
CUE ACTIVE
LR SUM
AUX 1
OUT
+
-2dBu
AUX 1
R
AUX 2
HEADPHONES
L
PHONES 1/4"
L
R
+
AUX
R
PHONES 3.5mm
L
AUX 2 MIX
-2dBu
AUX 2
OUT
SPLIT CUE
R
POST-EQ
L R
CUE MIX
CUE PRG - SPLIT
CUE LOGIC DC
METER
Connector Types
XLR male and female connectors :
Pin 2 = hot (+) Pin 3 = cold (-) Pin 1 = GND
TRS input and output connectors :
Tip = hot (+) Ring = cold (-) Sleeve = GND
RCA PHONO pin connectors
DIN 5 pin male MIDI connectors
Input Connections
Standard MIDI cable
Type
Impedance
Sensitivity
CH1,2 IN (Mic)
Balanced XLR female
<2k ohm
-47 to –10dBu
(Stereo Return)
Unbalanced TRS jack
6k ohm
-15 to +20dBu
CH1,2,3,4 (Phono)
RCA phono RIAA
47kohm/330pF
3 to 100mV
(Stereo Line)
RCA phono
>20k ohm
-10 to +20dBu
Output Connections
Impedance
Nominal Level
Servo Balanced XLR male
47 ohm
+4dBu
MIX OUT 2 L,R (jack)
Impedance balanced TRS jack
47 ohm
-2dBu
RECORD OUT
RCA phono
600 ohm
-10dBV
AUX OUT 1 & 2 L,R
Impedance balanced TRS jack
47 ohm
-2dBu
BOOTH OUT
Impedance balanced TRS jack
47 ohm
-2dBu
HEADPHONES
¼” and 3.5mm, Tip = L Ring = R
30 to 600 ohm recommended
MIX OUT 1 L,R (XLR)
XONE:92 User Guide
Type
35
Installer Link Options
CAUTION : The following service instructions are for use by qualified
personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any servicing other
than that described in the operating instructions unless you are
qualified to do so.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
The XONE:92 has several internal option settings designed in. Some of these are primarily for setting up the
mixer in a fixed installation situation, and the others can be used to reconfigure the MIDI system.
To gain access to these options the top panel assembly needs to be separated from the chassis. This operation
should only be carried out by qualified service personnel.
IMPORTANT! Disconnect mains input lead before removing the top panel
Removal of the top panel requires the use of a Torx T10 screwdriver. Use a good quality tool to prevent rounding
the screw heads. First remove the 4 pipped TORX screws located on rear panel in the center of each block of
input channel RCA (Phono) connectors, and then undo the 8 M3 x 8 screws that hold the front panel to the
chassis. Lift the front edge of the top panel until the two filter PCBs are clear of the chassis, and then pull the top
panel gently forward and up until access can be gained to unplug the power cable from the power supply located
on the right hand side of the chassis. Continue to lift the front edge of the top panel up until it is possible to
unplug the two harnesses from the rear connector PCB. Lift the top panel clear of the base and place on a clear
work surface.
Reassembly is the reverse procedure, but take great care to fit the harnesses correctly and to ensure that the
ribbon cables do not get trapped between any of the PCBs and the chassis. Refit the panel screws first and
tighten evenly with the chassis held firmly on a flat work surface. Finally refit the rear connector screws.
8 off AB0074 M3 x 8
4 off AB2810 Pipped TORX
36
XONE:92 User Guide
Input Channel
There are two configuration options designed into the input channel; one to convert the RIAA turntable input to
operate with Line sources, the other to disable the input level +10dB gain. To disable the functions plug the
jumpers on to one leg of the connector. This retains them for future use if needed.
Input Gain Disable
Locate and remove the two jumper sleeves JP5, JP6 illustrated in detail A to disable the input gain. Full
clockwise rotation of the input level control will now provide unity gain and not +10dB.
RIAA Disable
To convert the RIAA phono pre-amplifier to a line level input locate and remove the two jumper sleeves JP2, JP4
detail
B and the two jumper sleeves JP1, JP3 detail C
C
A
B
XONE:92 User Guide
37
VCF 1 and 2 Filter PCB
There are several configuration options on the filter PCB. These are maximum resonance limit, VCF filter disable,
and change default MIDI setup (Filter 2 Only). To disable the functions plug the jumpers on to one leg of the
connector. This retains them for future use if needed.
Filter Disable
A locate and remove the jumper sleeve to prevent the filter from being switched on.
filter resonance can be limited by removing the two jumper sleeves illustrated (also in detail A ).
Refer to detail
Maximum
MIDI - Filter 2 only
Refer to detail B : A four way dip switch selects which controls on the XONE:92 output MIDI data. The default
setting is all ON, set each switch to off to prevent the associated control from sending MIDI controller messages.
The MIDI output channel is set to 16 as a factory default; this can be changed to 15 by changing over the
”CHANNEL” dip switch.
The Tempo/Data controller default configuration provides a means of fine tuning the MIDI clock speed. This
control can be reconfigured as a dedicated Data send (CC94) by moving the jumper sleeve for VR4 from the T
(Tempo) position to the D (Data) position.; right hand side of detail
clocks will still be transmitted via LFO 2 tap tempo button.
B With the jumper in the D position
MIDI
B
A
38
XONE:92 User Guide
XONE:92 CUE SHEET
Photocopy and use to log your console settings.
+
XONE:92 User Guide
39
Check out my Internet site :
http://www.xone.co.uk
40
XONE:92 User Guide
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