Wt-400 Manual 2003 - EDEN Amplification

Wt-400 Manual 2003 - EDEN Amplification
Eden Electronics Operation Manual
World Tour Series Amplifier
WT-400 Bass Amplifier LN
Traveler Plus
Owner’s Manual
Revised 2/06/03
WT-400 Operations Manual
Congratulations on your purchase of the Eden WT-400 Traveler Bass
Instrument Amplifier. You have purchased what we feel is one of the finest
bass amplifiers in the world. The WT-400 produces 400 watts of pure
power into 4 ohms (235 watts into 8 ohms) with 3db of dynamic headroom.
The tube preamp section, with its enhance control, powerful quasiparametric tone control system, and gentle auto-compression circuit allow
you to achieve a wide array of sounds. This compact, rack mountable
package houses modular circuits made with superior components and
designed for years of trouble-free service.
Thank you for choosing Eden. Please take the time to review this manual
and to send in your warranty registration card.
Your ears are your most important piece of equipment. Unfortunately, they
cannot be replaced as easily as your other gear. Please take the following
warning seriously.
This product, when used in combination with a sound source and
loudspeakers or headphones, may be capable of producing sound levels that
could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate at high volume
levels or at a level that is uncomfortable. DO NOT place your ears next to
the speakers. If you experience any discomfort or ringing in the ears or
suspect hearing loss, you should consult a health care professional.
Please complete for your records:
Date of Purchase: __________________________
Model: ___________________________________
Serial Number: _____________________________
Dealer: ___________________________________
Frequency control – Provided for low,
Input Jack – Designed to accept a
mid, and high frequency ranges, these
controls select the frequencies you wish to
boost or cut.
standard ¼ inch mono phone plug. For best
results, use a high-quality, shielded cable to
connect your instrument to the amplifier.
Input Pad – By pulling the Gain control
knob out, you engage a –12db pad, which
will prevent the system from being
overdriven by high-output instruments.
Boost/Cut Controls– Located beneath
each frequency selection control, these
controls will boost or cut the selected
frequency by 15 db. They are flat at their
12:00 setting.
Treble – This is a traditional shelving-type
Pad Indicator – Lights to indicate that the
Gain Control – Regulates the first gain
tone control. It provides 15 db of boost or
cut. The knee of the filter is at Approximately
2KHz. The control is flat at the 12:00
stage of the preamplifier and controls the
amount of signal available to the system.
EQ Clip Indicator – Flashes to indicate
Set Level Indicator – Lights to indicate
clipping within the tone control circuit of the
preamplifier. This should never be lit up.
pad is engaged.
that the preamp is sitting right on the sweet
spot of the gain balance and is at optimum
signal to noise as well as best overall
Master Level Control – Adjusts overall
system output.
Headphone Jack – Accepts standard ¼
Compressor Indicator – Lights to
stereo or mono headphone plug.
indicate that the signal has crossed the
threshold of the compression circuit and that
compression is taking place.
Output Limit Indicators – Lights to
enhance knob out will disengage the
indicate activity of the power amplifier
limiting circuit, which protects the speaker
system from severe distortion. This LED
indicates that the amplifier has reached its
maximum output level.
Enhance Control – Called the “Magic
On/Off Switch – This switch turns the
Knob” by some, this complex control
simultaneously boosts the ve ry low-bass,
upper middle and high frequencies, while
putting a dip in the lower middle frequencies.
It is flat when set to its minimum level.
system power on or off. The switch
illuminates to indicate the presence of
current prior to the fuse. The indicator light
will come on even if the fuse is blow as long
as the AC cord it plugged into the wall
power. This is a safety feature required in
some countries.
Compressor Bypass – Pulling the
Tone Control Section
Bass – This traditional shelving tone control
provides 15 db of boost or cut at 30 Hz.
Quasi-Parametric Tone Control –
These three pairs of controls, with
overlapping frequencies, allow you to boost
or cut the tone at the desired frequency
center. The one octave fixed bandwidth
(Q=1) allows the controls to interact
smoothly and musically.
Combination Power Cord Jack and
Fuse Holder – The removable power cord
is attached here. Pulling the holder out of
the top of the power inlet accesses the fuse
carrier. Your unit was shipped with a spare
fuse inserted in the fuse carrier. USE ONLY
REPLACMENT. U.S. users should make
sure the fuse holder is installed so the “115
VOLTS” reads right side up. For Europe the
230 should be right side up. Some European
models come with a holder marked (FUSE)
they are configured for 230 / 240 only and
must be adapted by a service tech for U.S.
standard voltage. The standard fuse for U.S.
use is (5) Amp slow blow or time delay.
Do not use fast blow fuses.
Amp Out – These two ¼ inch jacks accept
the speaker connection cables. The jacks
are wired in parallel. The total speaker
system impedance should not exceed 4
Effects Send/Return – These standard ¼
jacks allow you to send and receive your
signal to and from external devices. The
effects loop is positioned post (behind) the
compressor and enhance control and prior
to the tone section.
Recording Out – This fully balanced XLR
output allows you to send a post-EQ/premaster signal to a recording or sound
reinforcement mixing console. This output
is designed to allow use with phantom
powered systems. Pin 2 + signal.
D.I. Level – Controls the level being sent
from the XLR balanced output jack.
Ground Lift Switch – This switch lifts the
ground within the balanced output system to
allow you to eliminate excessive noise when
connected to external systems.
AUX In Right / Left - These standard ¼
mono jacks are designed to accept the
stereo signal from an external source such
as a CD or cassette player, drum machine,
synth, module, etc. The stereo signal is
summed prior to the master volume control.
The signal enters the system post the tone
controls. These jacks can also be used to
return a studio cue signal, allowing the
WT-400 to provide you with your own
headphone mix in the studio.
Tuner Out Jack – This standard ¼ inch
jack is designed to provide a post-tube, pregain signal for connection to a tuner. It can
also be used to provide pre-tone signal to
other devices such as a direct box or
Cooling System – Your amplifier features
a thermostatically controlled fan, which will
switch on when the internal temperature
reaches 130 degrees F. In low volume
situations (into 8 Ohm loads) the fan may
not come on at all. The system also
features a high temperature thermal safety
system that will activate if the operating
temperature goes above 200 degrees F.
This circuit will turn the system off in the
event of overheating. It will automatically
reset itself as soon as the unit cools down to
a safe operating temperature. Usually it
takes from 2 to 5 minutes before the unit will
begin to operate again. (Note: the D.I. will
continue to operate normally even when the
amplifier is in thermal shut down only the
stage sound will be lost.)
ISSUES – Your amplifier should always be
placed for operation away from sources of
moisture or heat. Care should be taken not
to obstruct the ventilation holes on the top
and sides of the unit. In the event of thermal
shutdown, you should eliminate the cause
of the thermal problem (poor ventilation,
speaker loads lower than 4 ohms)
immediately. The supplied rack ears can be
used to install your amplifier in a
conventional equipment rack for protection
during transportation.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION – The WT400 requires at least 12 Amps of correctly
wired alternating current for proper
CONNECTIONS – All line connections
(everything but the speakers) should be
made with high-quality shielded cables. The
use of speaker cables for line connections
will result in excess noise. Speaker
connections should be made with highquality 16 gauge or larger unshielded
speaker cables. We recommend 10 or 12
gauge cables. The use of shielded line or
instrument cables for speaker connections
can damage your amplifier. The speaker
cable should be as short as possible.
TURN ON – We recommend turning your
system on with the master volume control
set to its minimum position. This will prevent
any unexpected signal from being sent to
your speakers.
SETTING YOUR LEVEL – Effective use
of the gain control will ensure the best
signal-to-noise ratio. The Set Level,
Compressor, and EQ Clip indicators are all
provided to assist you in setting your level
correctly. You should begin the process
with your master control set to a low, or off
position, and your tone controls set flat.
While playing your instrument normally,
bring the gain control up until the set level
light or the compressor light winks on the
peaks that result from your strongest normal
attack. This will generally show up most on
your lower strings. You will use the
compressor light if the compressor is
engaged (enhance knob pushed in) and the
Set Level light if the compressor is disabled
(enhance knob pulled out). If more
compression is desired, increase the gain
control so the compressor light comes on
more readily. Having set your initial level,
you are now ready to proceed with setting
up your tone controls. Since tone
adjustments have an impact on the overall
preamp gain level, you may well need to
return to the gain control and repeat this
process once you have completed your EQ
Begin with all tone controls set flat and with
the Enhance Control set to its minimum
position. After setting your Gain level, bring
the Master control up to a moderate level.
Slowly bring the Enhance control up, playing
as you make each adjustment. Many
players find that there is a small amount of
boost on the Enhance control that will get
them very close to the sound they are after.
If it doesn’t return it to the minimum or 0
Overall bass and treble adjustments can be
made with the Bass and Treble controls.
These controls cover a fairly broad range of
the frequency spectrum. Many players use
these controls to compensate for acoustic
situations, relying on the Enhance and
Parametric controls to achieve their basic
Effective use of the quasi-parametric section
can help you boost and/or cut more narrow
sections. In each band, you will need to
“find” the frequency you wish to boost or cut.
The fastest way to do this is to boost the
Level control of one section significantly,
then rotate the Frequency control above it.
If you hear more of a frequency than you
like, leave the Frequency control at that spot
and reset the level to the desired amount of
boost. Conversely, if you hear a frequency
which is undesirable, leave the Frequency
control at that spot and reduce the Level
control to the desired amount of cut.
The frequencies that you will need to boost
or cut are dependent upon your instrument,
playing style, speaker cabinets, and venue.
Extreme settings of boost or cut are unlikely
to be necessary or helpful.
We are frequently asked to provide
suggested settings for various styles of play.
We have discovered though, that most of
our endorsers tend to set their EQ generally
flat, using varying amounts of the Enhance
Control. We encourage you to experiment
with different settings to obtain the sound
you desire. We have included some EQ
panel diagrams at the back of this manual to
help you record your settings.
EQ Clip Light – This indicator will flash if
clipping occurs in the EQ section of the
preamp. This can be remedied by
decreasing the amount of boost in the EQ
section or by decreasing the Gain control.
This light should never be on while playing.
Other EQ Considerations – If you find
(1) D115XL & (1) D210T 8 Ohm cabinet
yourself running out of amplifier headroom,
cut a little in the lower frequencies, which
require the most power from your amp.
Headphone Jack as Line Driver – On
Two areas are a frequent source of
frustration for bassists trying to achieve their
sound: frequency masking and frequency
enhancement. Frequency masking occurs
when other instruments (particularly cymbals
and electric guitars) obscure the important
upper harmonic content of your sound. As a
result, you find that the EQ settings that
were so perfect at home lack definition in a
live setting. On the other hand, the stage
settings that worked so well sound harsh
and/or thin in the absence of other
instruments. Frequency enhancement
results from cabinet placement and room
acoustics. A cabinet placed on the floor will
have the lower frequencies boosted by
about 3 db. Placement against a wall adds
another 3 db. A corner adds 3 db more.
Consequently you may find a surprising
boominess to your sound. Certain qualities
in the room itself can also enhance the lower
frequencies, further contributing to this
problem. Frequently this effect is more
noticeable in the audience than it is on
stage. Compensating for it may result in a
stage sound that may seem a little thin.
However the sound is actually quite full out
in front.
Suggested Speaker Systems – Your
speaker system, should be chosen to
accommodate the characteristics of your
amplifier and your predominant application.
If you will only be using one cabinet, a 4
Ohm model will draw the most current from
your amplifier. If you will generally be using
two cabinets, they should be 8 Ohm models
so their combined impedance will be 4
ohms. If you are uncertain about your future
needs always go with the 8 Ohm speaker
option so that you can add another speaker
later if you need to. Common Eden David
Series cabinets chosen to accompany the
WT-400 include:
D115XLT or D210XLT 4 Ohm cabinet
D410XLT 4 Ohm cabinet
D210T or D210XLT 8 Ohm cabinets
D410T or D212XLT 4 Ohm cabinet
some occasions (such as high-volume or
outdoor situations) it may be desirable to
use the WT-400 along with an additional
power amplifier and added cabinets. A
standard shielded instrument cable may be
used to connect from the headphone jack of
the WT-400 to an unbalanced input of a
standard power amplifier. This will provide a
signal that is post EQ and master volume
controls, allowing the entire system to be
controlled from the WT-400.
Using the WT -400 Without Speakers
This amplifier is designed to be used safely
with headphones only,. Without the loud
speaker plugged in. No harm will result from
using the amplifi er in this fashion. This
allows the use of the unit for practice with
headphones and as a preamplifier with other
Your Eden amplifier has been designed to
require minimal routine maintenance.
Attention to the following areas will ensure
optimum performance of your amplifier.
Contact Point Cleaning – One of the
weakest links in most bass amplification
systems are the solderless connection
points where instruments, speaker cabinets,
effects, and other devices are connected to
the amplifier. (The most vulnerable of these
types of connection is the jack on your
instrument). In addition to contamination
from airborne pollutants, these points are
frequently assaulted by connectors that
have picked up debris from dirty stages,
cases, etc. These points should be cleaned
regularly with a cotton swab soaked in
denatured alcohol or a commercially
available deoxidant. Frequent cleaning of
the plugs on your cords is also
Dust Removal – You should periodically
inspect the ventilation openings on the top
and sides of the unit to ensure that they
have not become blocked by accumulated
dust. Vacuum the openings to remove any
dust buildup.
Tube Replacement – Tube life varies
Service – In the event of amplifier
greatly depending upon use, vibration, and
tube quality. It is uncommon for a tube to
last less than a year in our circuits. Tube life
of several years is not at all uncommon.
Symptoms of tube failure include signal loss,
distortion, and increased noise. The tube is
easily replaced by removing the unit’s cover.
Always disconnect the power cord from
the back of the unit prior to removing the
cover. Gently remove the tube and replace
with a genuine Eden 7025 / 12AX7 or
equivalent tube.
malfunction, or questions about your unit’s
operating features, you should contact your
Dealer, the factory or one of our authorized
service centers for assistance.
Please call our Customer Service dept. at
extension 5120
for more information or to obtain a Return
Authorization number and instructions for
factory returns.
Please ship Authorized Returns for service to:
Eden Electronics
115 2 nd St.
Montrose, MN 55363
Eden Electronics, Inc.
C/O U.S. Music Corp.
444 E. Courtland Rd.
Mundelein, IL 60060
(847) 949-0444
(847) 949-8444(fax)
[email protected]
EQ Settings
Setting name: _____________________
Setting name :___________________
Setting name: _____________________
Record your Favorite Tone settings
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