I IEEE 802.11b 11 Mbps Wireless Notebook Cardbus User`s Manual

I IEEE 802.11b 11 Mbps Wireless Notebook Cardbus User`s Manual
Select Profile: use to specify a profile name for a specific
configuration of parameters.
New: use to set up a new profile by clicking New.
w w w.apc.com
Save: use to save a profile after configuring the settings,
click Save.
Delete: to delete a profile, select the profile from the dropdown menu for Select Profile, click Delete.
IEEE 802.11b 11 Mbps
Wireless Notebook Cardbus
User’s Manual
Service Set Identifier (SSID): input an SSID string for the
wireless network where the connection is to be made. This
should be set to the same value as the SSID of the access
point or wireless router that the computer is connected to. To
roam among multiple access points with different BSSIDs,
set this value to ANY to allow connection to any access
Model Number WCB2000B
Channel: if setting up an ad-hoc wireless LAN (see “Network
Topologies”), set the channel to the same radio channel as
that used by the other wireless clients in the group. However,
if connecting to a network via an access point, the channel is
automatically set by the access point.
Thank you for purchasing APC’s Wireless
Notebook Cardbus (referred to as Cardbus).
This document provides information necessary
to install and setup the device and software.
Note: The available channels are limited to local regulations.
FCC: channels 1-11.
Figure 2. APC 802.11b Wireless Notebook Cardbus
Manager Screen
The configuration utility includes five tabs, as follows:
Figure 1. Wireless Notebook Cardbus
The Cardbus package includes:
• 1 Wireless Notebook Cardbus
• 1 driver and utility installation and
documentation compact disk (CD)
• Plastic carrying case
• Quick Installation Guide
Please contact the reseller if any item is missing
or damaged.
Configuration: shows configuration parameters for the
Wireless Notebook Cardbus.
Link information: shows the Wireless Notebook Cardbus
IP information: shows the Internet Address of theCardbus.
Site Survey: scans/shows all the wireless devices in range.
Version information: shows the version information for the
driver and utility.
At the bottom of each screen are 3 functions that can be
selected, as follows:
• Radio On/Radio Off: turns the transmission/reception of
the Wireless Notebook Cardbus ON or OFF.
• Help: click here to access the help file.
• Exit: clicking on this button closes the configuration utility
dialogue box.
Before installing the Cardbus, check the
system for the following:
Use this utility tab (Figure 3) to configure the Cardbus
• TCP Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
• A notebook computer with a Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
(PCMCIA) Type II or Type III slot or with
enabled notebook
• A minimum of 1500 Kbytes free disk space
for installing the driver and utility program
• Other IEEE 802.11b-compliant devices
installed in the network area such as a
wireless router or a wireless access point.
Transmit (Tx) Rate: indicates the data transmission rate.
Select an appropriate transmission speed. Lower speeds will
give better range.
.Link information
This screen (Figure 4) displays the current connection
information of the Wireless Notebook Cardbus.
Associated BSS ID: the MAC address of the access point to
which the Wireless LAN Card is connected in an
infrastructure network. In an ad hoc network, the BSS ID is a
random number generated by the first station that
communicates with other clients in the network.
Figure 5. Wireless Cardbus Manager
IP Information Screen
IP Netmask — a mask used to determine to what
subnet an IP address belongs.
Encryption: Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is
implemented in the Wireless Notebook Cardbus to prevent
unauthorized access. For more secure data transmission,
set the Encryption to 128-bit or 64-bit.
Host Name — the notebook computer name on the
Key Type: select ASCII or Hex.
DHCP Server — the IP address of the DHCP server.
Default Key: choose the key for encryption.
Release — click this button to release the current IP
settings of the Wireless Notebook Cardbus.
Gateway — the IP address of the Gateway.
Passphrase: check this box to automatically generate key
strings for encryption (recommended).
Renew — click this button to obtain new IP settings
for the Wireless Notebook Cardbus.
How to set up WEP:
The WEP mechanism is based on the RC4 encryption
algorithm. The security keys are provided to ensure data
confidentiality. When selecting 64-bit Encryption, 4 keys will
be generated. When 128-bit Encryption is selected, only
one key will be generated. WEP security protects the
wireless LAN against eavesdropping and unauthorized
access by intruders. If WEP is in use, all clients on the same
network must use the same WEP key settings in order to
communicate with each other.
in this field to automatically generate keys.
In the Default Key field, select one key as the default
key to be used for encryption.
Click the Apply changes button to allow the settings to
take effect.
Select 128-bit or 64-bit in the Encryption field.
In the Key Type field, select ASCII or Hex.
Figure 3. Configuration Tab Screen
enter a string of characters in the
corresponding Key # (Key 1~Key 4) field selected in
step 3. Click Apply changes to allow the settings to
take effect.
Note: When setting up WEP without using the Passphrase
function, if the Key Type is set to Hex, only hexadecimal
characters (range: 0~9 and A~F) can be used. When
Encryption is set to 64-bit, a maximum of 10 hex characters
can be entered in the Key field. And when 128-bit
Encryption is selected, a maximum of 26 hex characters
can be entered to generate the key string. If the Key Type is
set to ASCII, and Encryption is set to 64-bit, then 5 ASCII
characters can be used in the Key field. For 128-bit
Encryption, 13 ASCII characters can be used.
Tx Power: move the slider up and down to increase or
decrease the transmission power.
Check the Passphrase box; enter a string of characters
To configure the Cardbus, double-click on the
Wireless Card Manager icon on the desktop to
launch the utility (see Figure 2), or access it
from the Start menu.
This screen displays IP information (Figure 5) for your
notebook. Now that you have configured your
Wireless Notebook Cardbus to connect to wireless
networks, you need to obtain new network settings.
IP Address — internet address of the notebook
Select 128-bit or 64-bit in the Encryption field.
Wireless Card Manager
key to be used for encryption.
IP information
Operating Mode: set the operation mode to 802.11 AdHoc
for connections that do not have any access points, or to
Infrastructure for connections with an access point (see
“Network Topologies” for more information).
To use the WEP function, proceed as follows:
In the Default Key field, select one key as the default
Site browse
Site browse (see Figure 6 on the reverse of this page)
scans and displays all wireless devices within range.
You can connect to a wireless device by doubleclicking on that entry.
Figure 4. Wireless Cardbus Manager
Link Screen
Channel: the channel used to communicate with the
connecting wireless device.
Rescan — click this button to scan for available
network connections.
SSID — Service Set ID (see Service Set ID for
Current Tx Rate: the data transmission rate.
BSSID — Basic Service Set ID (see Basic Service Set
ID for more information).
SSID: the Service Set Identification of the wireless network
to which the Wireless Notebook Cardbus is connected.
Channel — the radio channel on which the wireless
device operates.
Rx Fragments: is the number of received fragments.
Tx Fragments: is the number of transmitted fragments.
Encryption — the locking icon indicates that the
encryption function has been enabled.
Link Quality: shows the link quality of the current wireless
Signal — shows the signal strength from the adapter
to the listed wireless devices.
Signal Strength: indicates the relative strength of the
connection between the Wireless Notebook Cardbus and the
connected device.
Network Type — this indicates the operating mode of
the listed networks (see previous definition of
Operating Mode.)
Roaming Wireless PCs
Ad Hoc Wireless LAN
Notebook with
Wireless USB Adapter
A wireless infrastructure can also support roaming for mobile
workers. More than one access point can be configured to
create an Extended Service Set (ESS). By placing the
access points so that a continuous coverage area is created,
wireless users within this ESS can roam freely. All wireless
adapters and access points within a specific ESS must be
configured with the same SSID and to the same radio
channel (see Figure 10).
Notebook with
Wireless PC Card
The access point that you are connecting to might be
defective. Try connecting to another access point.
• If you cannot access a Windows or NetWare service on the
network, check that you have enabled and configured the
service correctly. If you cannot connect to a particular
server, be sure that you have access rights and a valid ID
and password.
• If you cannot access the Internet, be sure you have
configured your system for TCP/IP.
If your wireless station cannot communicate with a device in
the Ethernet LAN when configured for Infrastructure mode,
check the following:
Desktop PC
Wireless Cell
Coverage Area
PC with Wireless
PCI Adapter
Notebook with Wireless
PC Card Adapter
PC with Wireless
PCI Adapter
Access Point
Figure 8. Example of an Ad Hoc Wireless LAN
Figure 6. Wireless Cardbus Manager Site Browse Screen
(see bottom of previous page)
Version Information
The Version Information screen (Figure 7) shows
information on the current version of the driver and
configuration utility.
PC with Wireless
PC I Adapter
Infrastructure Wireless LAN
The Wireless Notebook Cardbus can also provide wireless
workstations with access to a wired LAN. An integrated wired
and wireless LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration. A
Basic Service Set (BSS) consists of a group of wireless PC
users, and an access point that is directly connected to the
wired LAN. Each wireless PC in this BSS can talk to any
computer in its wireless group via a radio link, or access
other computers or network resources in the wired LAN
infrastructure via the access point.
The infrastructure configuration not only extends the
accessibility of wireless PCs to the wired LAN, but also
extends the effective wireless transmission range for
wireless PCs by passing their signals through one or more
access points.
A wireless infrastructure can be used for access to a central
database, or for connection between mobile workers, as
shown in Figure 9.
Wired LAN Extension
to Wireless Adapters
Notebooks with Wireless
PC Card Adapters
IEEE 802.11b - Wireless LAN
Wireless Notebook Cardbus Installation
Operating Range
Indoor: Up to 50 m (164 ft) at 11 Mbps,
up to 90 m (295 ft) at 2 Mbps, up to
115 m (377 ft) at 1 Mbps
Outdoor: Up to 160 m (525 ft) at 11
Mbps, up tp 400 m (1312 ft) at 2 Mbps,
up to 550 m (1804 ft) at 1 Mbps
Signal Type
Direct Sequence Spread-Spectrum
USA, Canada and Europe (ETSI):
2.400-2.4835 GHz
-82 dBm (minimum) at 11 Mbps
-85 dBm (minimum) at 5.5 Mbps
-87 dBm (minimum) at 2 Mbps
-92 dBm (minimum) at 1 Mbps
Output Power
+17.5 dBm (normal)
3.3 V, 375 mA transmit, 285 mA
receive (normal)
12.8 x 5.3 cm (5.04 x 2.09 in.)
Dual antenna
LED Indicator
Link, Activity
Host Interface
PCMCIA, Type II or Type III
Wireless Standard
IEEE 802.11b
Operating: 0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F)
Storage: 0 to 70 °C (32 to 158 °F)
5 to 80% (non-condensing)
IEC 68-2-34, IEC 68-2-27,
Certification - CE
EN 50081-1, EN 55022 Class B
EN 50082-1, EN 61000-4-2/3/4/6/11
FCC Part 15(B), ETS 300-328
NDIS Drivers
Windows 2000, Windows XP
If the notebook computer cannot find the Wireless Notebook
Cardbus, or the driver software does not install correctly,
check the following:
Access Point
Figure 7. Version Information Screen
The Cardbus can be configured as:
• Ad hoc for departmental or SOHO LANs
• Infrastructure for enterprise LANs
Network Topologies - Ad Hoc Wireless LAN
An ad hoc wireless LAN (Figure 8) consists of a group of
computers, each equipped with a wireless adapter,
connected via radio signals as an independent wireless LAN.
Computers in a specific ad hoc wireless LAN must be
configured to the same radio channel. An ad hoc wireless
LAN can be used for a branch office or SOHO operation.
PC with Wireless
PC I Adapter
Setting the Communication Domain- Stationary
Wireless PCs
The Basic Service Set (BSS) is the communication domain
for each access point. For wireless PCs that do not need to
support roaming, set the domain identifier (SSID) for the
wireless card to the SSID of the access point you want to
connect to. Check with your administrator for the SSID of the
access point to which you are connecting.
Figure 9. Example of an Infrastructure
Wireless LAN
1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps
Ensure the Cardbus is securely seated in the PCMCIA
slot. Check for any hardware problems, such as physical
damage to the card connector.
Install the Cardbus in another PCMCIA slot. If this also
fails, test the notebook with another wireless Cardbus that
is known to operate correctly.
Ensure the notebook computer is using the latest BIOS
(check the manual provided with the notebook computer
for details.
If there are other network adapters in the notebook, they
may be in conflict. Remove the other network adapters
from the notebook and test the wireless adapter
Check for a defective notebook computer or PCMCIA
connection by trying the adapter in another notebook that
is known to operate correctly.
If all fails, and the Cardbus still does not work, take out the
Cardbus. Uninstall the driver and utility from the notebook,
then go to “Control Panel” and delete the Cardbus from the
network configuration menu. Restart the notebook and
reinstall the Cardbus and the driver and utility software.
Network Connection Problems
If the Link LED on the Wireless Notebook Cardbus does not
light, or if you cannot access any network resources from the
notebook, check the following:
Ensure the driver and utility software is installed correctly.
If necessary, try to uninstall and then reinstall the software.
Ensure the notebook and other network devices are
receiving power.
The standard warranty is two (2) years from
the date of purchase. APC’s standard
procedure is to replace the original unit with
a factory reconditioned unit. APC will ship
the replacement unit once the defective
unit has been received by the repair
department, or cross-ship upon the receipt
of a valid credit card number. The customer
pays for shipping the unit to APC. APC
pays ground freight transportation costs to
ship the replacement unit to the customer.
To register this product for purposes of the
warranty, please go to warranty.apc.com.
Technical Support
USA and Canada
Data Rate
This Wireless Solution supports a stand-alone wireless
network configuration, as well as an integrated configuration
with Ethernet LANs.
Check the following troubleshooting items before contacting
Technical Support.
Notebook with Wireless
PC Card Adapter
Network Configuration and Planning
Seamless Roaming
Figure 10. Example of Seamless Roaming
Desktop PC
Access Point
Make sure the access point that the station is associated
with is powered on.
Check the SSID of the access point that you are
connecting to, make sure you set the adapter to the same
If there is still no connection, change the radio channel of
the access point and all the clients within the same BSS.
Check if WEP settings have been enabled in the access
point to which you are connecting. Make sure that the
encryption, default key and passphrase settings of the
adapter are set to the same as the access point. Contact
your network administrator for more information.
0800 906 483
(+65) 3896 823
(+86) (10) 8529 9888
Europe/Middle East/
(+353) 91 702020
(+1) 401 789 5735
990-1689 Copyright © 2003 American Power Conversion. All
rights reserved. APC is a registered trademark of American
Power Conversion. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
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