Ocular Response Analyzer® G3

®
Ocular Response Analyzer G3
Auto Tonometer + Corneal Hysteresis
User’s Guide
©2016 AMETEK, Inc.
Reichert, Reichert Technologies, and Ocular Response Analyzer are registered trademarks of Reichert, Inc.
AMETEK is a registered trademark of AMETEK, Inc.
All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.
The information contained in this document was accurate at time of publication. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Reichert, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in the product described in this manual without notice and without incorporating
those changes in any products already sold.
ISO 9001/13485 Certified – Reichert products are designed and manufactured under quality processes meeting ISO 9001/13485
requirements.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Reichert, Inc.
Caution: Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a licensed physician. Rx only.
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Reichert® Ocular Response Analyzer® G3 (Model 16170).
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 (ORA) is a revolutionary instrument designed to measure the
intraocular pressure of the eye and biomechanical properties of the cornea in one simple, fast
measurement. The instrument has an innovative automatic alignment system that eliminates
operator subjectivity and provides precise, repeatable measurements.
This User’s Guide is designed as a training and reference manual for operation, maintenance, and
troubleshooting. We recommend that you read it carefully prior to use and follow the instructions
in the guide to ensure optimum performance of your new instrument. If used properly, the Ocular
Response Analyzer G3 will provide you with fast, accurate and reliable measurements for many
years. Properly trained eyecare professionals such as ophthalmologists, optometrists, opticians and
eye care technicians should operate this instrument. This unit should only be used by personnel
knowledgeable of its operation and use.
Please retain this guide for future reference and to share with other users. For additional copies of
this manual or questions related to the Ocular Response Analyzer G3, contact your local authorized
Reichert, Inc. dealer or contact our Customer Service department directly at:
Tel:716-686-4500
Fax:716-686-4555
E-mail:reichert.information@ametek.com
Indications for use
The ORA is intended to measure the intraocular pressure of the eye and the biomechanical
response of the cornea for the purpose of aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of glaucoma.
Contraindications
None known.
Principle of Operation
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 utilizes a patented dynamic bi-directional applanation process to
measure the Intraocular Pressure (IOP) of the eye, and also an indicator of corneal biomechanical
properties called Corneal Hysteresis (CH), which is an indication of corneal viscoelastic properties.
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 utilizes a rapid air impulse to apply force to the cornea, and an
advanced electro-optical system to monitor the deformation. The precisely metered collimated-airpulse causes the cornea to move inwards, past applanation, and into a slight concavity. The air pump
shuts off and, as the pressure decreases, the cornea begins to return to its normal configuration. In
the process, it once again passes through an applanated state.
The applanation detection system monitors the cornea throughout the entire process, which takes
only milliseconds. Two independent pressure values are derived from the inward and outward
applanation events. Viscous damping in the cornea causes delays in the inward and outward
applanation events, resulting in two different pressure values.
The average of these two applanation events provides a repeatable, Goldmann-correlated IOP
measurement (IOPg). The difference between these two pressure values is Corneal Hysteresis (CH).
The ability to measure this CH effect is the key to understanding the biomechanical properties of the
cornea and their influence on the IOP measurement process.
16170-101 Rev. F
C
3
Contents
Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3
Indications for Use........................................................................................... 3
Contraindications............................................................................................. 3
Principle of Operation....................................................................................... 3
Warnings & Cautions.............................................................................................. 6
Symbol Information...................................................................................................8
Instrument Setup...................................................................................................... 9
Unpacking Instructions..................................................................................... 9
Shipping Protector........................................................................................... 9
Application of Input Power............................................................................. 10
Disconnection of Input Power........................................................................ 10
Parts Identification...........................................................................................11
Accessories.....................................................................................................11
Components....................................................................................................11
Icon Definition...................................................................................................12
Default Settings................................................................................................13
Setup Options..............................................................................................14
Tonometer Setup..............................................................................................15
Printout Setup...................................................................................................16
Communications Port Setup.............................................................................17
General Setup...................................................................................................18
Instructions for Use.................................................................................................19
Definitions & Interpretation of Measurement Values...................................... 19
Boot Up.......................................................................................................... 19
Alignment & Measurement............................................................................. 20
Demo Puff................................................................................................. 20
Correct Patient Positioning........................................................................ 22
Measurement Count................................................................................. 25
Measurement Results.................................................................................... 26
Intelligent Averaging of Data..................................................................... 26
Straight Averaging of Data........................................................................ 26
Examples - Intelligent Averaging............................................................... 27
Examples - Straight Averaging.................................................................. 28
Measuring the Next Eye................................................................................. 29
Sleep Mode.................................................................................................... 30
Low Waveform Scores................................................................................... 31
Analysis Screens........................................................................................... 32
CH Histogram........................................................................................... 32
OD/OS Measurement Signal.................................................................... 33
Positioning Error Messages........................................................................... 34
Printing Measurement Data........................................................................... 35
Cleaning & Maintenance.........................................................................................36
Fuses................................................................................................................36
External Cleaning.............................................................................................36
Forehead Rest Cleaning..................................................................................36
Operator Display Cleaning...............................................................................36
Printer Paper....................................................................................................36
4
16170-101 Rev. F
Contents
(continued)
Positioning Windows and Airtube Cleaning......................................................37
Forehead Rest Pad Replacement.................................................................. 38
Troubleshooting......................................................................................................39
Help Screen................................................................................................... 39
Service........................................................................................................... 40
Measurement Histogram................................................................................ 40
Print-Related Errors....................................................................................... 41
Time and Date Issues ................................................................................... 41
Chart of Common Errors ............................................................................... 42
General Specifications............................................................................................43
Classifications.........................................................................................................44
Guidance Tables................................................................................................... 45
Warranty............................................................................................................... 49
Appendix A - Serial Data Description................................................................... 50
16170-101 Rev. F
5
Warnings & Cautions
Reichert Technologies® is not responsible for the safety and reliability of this instrument when:
•
Assembly, disassembly, repair, or modification is made by unauthorized dealers or persons.
•
Instrument is not used in accordance with this User’s Guide.
WARNING: AN INSTRUCTION THAT DRAWS ATTENTION TO RISK OF INJURY OR DEATH.
WARNING: UNITED STATES FEDERAL LAW AND EUROPEAN REGULATIONS REQUIRE THAT
THIS DEVICE BE PURCHASED ONLY BY A PHYSICIAN OR A PERSON ACTING ON BEHALF OF A
PHYSICIAN.
WARNING: THIS INSTRUMENT SHOULD BE USED IN STRICT ACCORDANCE WITH THE
INSTRUCTIONS OUTLINED IN THIS USER’S GUIDE. THE SAFETY OF THE OPERATOR AND THE
PERFORMANCE OF THE INSTRUMENT CANNOT BE GUARANTEED IF USED IN A MANNER NOT
SPECIFIED BY REICHERT TECHNOLOGIES.
WARNING: DO NOT REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS INSTRUMENT WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION
FROM THE MANUFACTURER. ANY REPAIR OR SERVICE TO THIS INSTRUMENT MUST BE
PERFORMED BY EXPERIENCED PERSONNEL OR DEALERS WHO ARE TRAINED BY REICHERT
OR SERIOUS INJURY TO THE OPERATOR OR PATIENT MAY OCCUR.
WARNING: MODIFICATIONS TO THIS INSTRUMENT ARE NOT ALLOWED. ANY MODIFICATION
TO THIS UNIT MUST BE AUTHORIZED BY REICHERT OR SERIOUS INJURY TO THE OPERATOR
OR PATIENT MAY OCCUR.
WARNING: IF THIS INSTRUMENT IS MODIFIED, APPROPRIATE INSPECTION AND TESTING
MUST BE CONDUCTED TO ENSURE CONTINUED SAFE USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT.
WARNING: TO AVOID RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, THIS EQUIPMENT MUST ONLY BE
CONNECTED TO A SUPPLY MAINS WITH PROTECTIVE EARTH OR DAMAGE TO THIS
INSTRUMENT AND/OR INJURY TO THE OPERATOR OR PATIENT MAY OCCUR.
WARNING: ENSURE THAT THE VOLTAGE APPLIED TO THE UNIT IS THE SAME AS THE
VOLTAGE THAT IS INDICATED ON THE DATA PLATE OR DAMAGE TO THE INSTRUMENT AND/OR
INJURY TO THE OPERATOR OR PATIENT MAY OCCUR.
WARNING: THIS INSTRUMENT MUST BE PLUGGED INTO AN OUTLET WITH AN EARTH
GROUND. DO NOT REMOVE OR DEFEAT THE EARTH GROUND CONNECTION ON POWER
INPUT CONNECTOR OR THE UNIT’S POWER CORD OF THIS INSTRUMENT OR DAMAGE TO IT
AND/OR INJURY TO THE OPERATOR OR PATIENT MAY OCCUR.
WARNING: THE EQUIPMENT OR SYSTEM SHOULD NOT BE USED ADJACENT TO OR STACKED
WITH OTHER EQUIPMENT AND THAT IF ADJACENT OR STACKED USE IS NECESSARY, THE
EQUIPMENT OR SYSTEM SHOULD BE OBSERVED TO VERIFY NORMAL OPERATION IN THE
CONFIGURATION IN WHICH IT WILL BE USED.
WARNING: THIS INSTRUMENT IS NOT SUITABLE FOR USE IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE
ANESTHETIC MIXTURES, SUCH AS OXYGEN OR NITROUS OXIDE.
WARNING: DO NOT PLACE FINGERS INTO THE OPENING SURROUNDING THE NOSEPIECE.
6
WARNING: RISK OF EXACERBATED INJURY OR SENSITIVITY FROM APPLANATING AIR PUFF.
ALTHOUGH NON-CONTACT TONOMETRY HAS NOT BEEN SHOWN TO BE INJURIOUS. APPLY
CLINICAL JUDGEMENT BEFORE DIRECTING USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT IMMEDIATELY AFTER
PENETRATING CORNEAL SURGERY, TRAUMATIC OCULAR INJURY, OR OTHER SIMILAR
CORNEAL CONDITION.
16170-101 Rev. F
Warnings & Cautions
(continued)
CAUTION: AN INSTRUCTION THAT DRAWS ATTENTION TO THE RISK OF DAMAGE TO THE PRODUCT.
CAUTION: THE INTERNAL CIRCUITRY OF THE INSTRUMENT CONTAINS ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE SENSITIVE DEVICES (ESDS) THAT MAY BE SENSITIVE TO STATIC CHARGES
PRODUCED BY THE HUMAN BODY. DO NOT REMOVE THE COVERS WITHOUT TAKING PROPER
PRECAUTIONS.
CAUTION: THIS INSTRUMENT IS NOT INTENDED TO BE CONNECTED TO EQUIPMENT OUTSIDE
THE CONTROL OF REICHERT TECHNOLOGIES OR MUST BE TESTED TO AN APPLICABLE IEC
OR ISO STANDARDS.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE SOLVENTS OR STRONG CLEANING SOLUTIONS ON ANY PART OF
THIS INSTRUMENT AS DAMAGE TO THE UNIT MAY OCCUR. SEE MAINTENANCE SECTION FOR
DETAILED CLEANING INSTRUCTION.
CAUTION: USE OF AMMONIA BASED CLEANERS ON THE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY (LCD) MAY
CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE DISPLAY. SEE MAINTENANCE SECTION FOR DETAILED CLEANING
INSTRUCTION.
CAUTION: MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT NEEDS SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS REGARDING
EMC AND NEEDS TO BE INSTALLED AND PUT INTO SERVICE ACCORDING TO THE EMC
INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS.
CAUTION: PORTABLE AND MOBILE RF COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT CAN AFFECT MEDICAL
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT.
CAUTION: THIS INSTRUMENT IS NOT TO BE USED NEAR HIGH-FREQUENCY EMITTING
SURGICAL EQUIPMENT.
16170-101 Rev. F
7
Symbol Information
Symbol Information
The following symbols appear on the instrument:
Caution symbol indicating important operating and maintenance
instructions that are included in this User’s Guide
Type B Applied Part
Alternating Current Power
Protective Earth Connection
ON / OFF
2016
Date of Manufacture
Manufacturer
REF
SN
Catalog Number
Serial Number
Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Compliance to Medical Device Directive 93/42/EEC
Authorized to mark given by Intertek ETL Semko for conformance
with electrical standards
Accompanying Documents must be consulted
Authorized Representative in European Community
Fragile Contents in Shipping Container - handle with care
Keep Dry - Package shall be kept away from rain
This Way Up - Indicates correct upright position of package
8
16170-101 Rev. F
Instrument Setup
Great care has been taken to deliver your new Ocular Response Analyzer G3 to you safely. The
container and packaging was specially designed to transport this unit. Please retain the packaging
in case future transportation is required.
Unpacking Instructions
Please remove the packaging material from the instrument in the following
manner (Refer to images on left).
The instrument is packaged in a shipping container to protect the
instrument from damage during shipment. Please read the User’s Guide
before operating the unit. A Quick Reference Card is provided for your
convenience and reference during operation of the unit.
1. Remove the accessories from the shipping container.
Inner Box
Opened Inner Box
Shipping Protector
Accessories box contains:
• Printer Paper (P/N 12430-887)
• Dust Cover (P/N 16050-089)
• Quick Reference Card (P/N 16170-104)
• User’s Guide (P/N 16170-101)
• Forehead Rest Pad (Spare) (P/N 16050-170)
• Power Cord (P/N RCBL10040 - 110V) or
(P/N RCBL10041 - 230V)
Note: Power cord not to exceed 10 ft.
• Package of Pipe Cleaners - (P/N 16170-004)
• Package of Cotton Swabs (P/N 16170-005)
2. Remove the Top Foam (4 corners) from the shipping container.
3. Locate the handles on the sides of the inner box and remove the
inner box.
4. Lay the inner box on its side and remove the tape.
5. Remove the foam top and bottom inserts from the inner box.
6. Lift the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 out of the inner box.
7. Take the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 out of the plastic bag and set
the unit on a secure table.
8. Place the packing material in a safe place so that if transportation is
required in the future, it will be available.
Shipping Protector
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 comes with a shipping protector installed on the patient’s side
of the instrument. This protector ensures that the motor does not get damaged during shipping. It
is EXTREMELY important that this plastic shim is saved and installed anytime the unit is shipped to
prevent damage to the motor and malfunction of the unit, most likely an M15 motor error.
CAUTION: IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO REMOVE THE SHIPPING PROTECTOR BEFORE OPERATING THE UNIT.
1. Pull the plastic Shipping Protector up and out of the opening on patient side of the instrument.
IMPORTANT: Do not throw away the Shipping Protector! Keep it with the rest of the packaging
material so that it can be re-installed if future shipment is necessary.
2. Continue with the instrument setup as indicated in the User’s Guide.
Note: Anytime the unit is shipped, this plastic Shipping Protector must be reinstalled, to prevent
any damage to the unit.
16170-101 Rev. F
9
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Application of Input Power
WARNING: CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO ARRANGE THE CABLES FOR THE ACCESSORIES SUCH THAT THEY
DO NOT PRESENT A TRIPPING HAZARD TO THE EXAMINER OR A DANGER TO THE PATIENT.
WARNING: POSITION THIS INSTRUMENT SO THAT IT IS NOT DIFFICULT TO OPERATE THE DISCONNECTION
DEVICE (PLUG).
1. After the unit is in its secure location, apply the correct input voltage to the instrument using the
Power Cord from the Accessory Tray.
2. Press down on the “|” located on the ON/OFF Switch. The power inlet is located on the
underside of the unit (Refer to page 11, item 8, for its location).
Note: The unit will auto puff as a part of the start up procedure.
3. Read the User’s Guide and the Quick Reference Card before operating this instrument.
WARNING: DO NOT REMOVE THE OUTSIDE COVERS OF THE UNIT OR ATTEMPT TO REPAIR ANY INTERNAL
PARTS. REPAIR AND SERVICE OF THE UNIT MUST BE PERFORMED BY EXPERIENCED PERSONNEL OR
DEALERS THAT ARE TRAINED BY REICHERT.
CAUTION: ENSURE THAT THE VOLTAGE APPLIED TO THE UNIT IS THE SAME AS THE VOLTAGE THAT IS
INDICATED ON THE DATA PLATE NEXT TO THE INPUT CORD RECEPTACLE OR DAMAGE TO THE UNIT MAY
OCCUR.
CAUTION: FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST THE RISK OF FIRE, ANY REPLACEMENT OF DAMAGED
FUSES MUST BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RATING AS INDICATED IN THE SPECIFICATIONS SECTION OF
THIS MANUAL.
Disconnection of Input Power
1.At any time, the power switch can be set to OFF. The unit does not have a power down sequence.
To terminate operation of this instrument, press the ON / OFF switch to the OFF position (O).
2.If this instrument is intended to be OFF for an extended period of time, it can be disconnected from
power by detaching the power cord from the its receptacle.
10
16170-101 Rev. F
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Parts Identification
1. Operator Display: Displays measurement data.
1
2. Printer Door: Door (push to open) to access printer paper.
3. Forehead Rest: Alignment mechanism that moves right or
left for correct patient positioning.
4. Nosepiece Objective: Patient fixation and measurement
point.
2
5. Canthus Alignment Marks (right and left side): Alignment
mark used to indicate proper instrument height. Should be
aligned with the patient’s eyes.
6. ON/OFF Switch: Switch that controls input power to the
unit. “O” indicates OFF, and “ | ” indicates “ON.”
3
7. RS232C Port: Communication port for the export of data.
4
8. Main Power Connector and Fuse Holder: Connection
point for input power and the fuses. Press the top tab and
bottom tab together on the fuse panel to remove the fuse
holder and fuses. It is located on the underside of the unit.
5
9. Printer: Internal thermal printer.
7
6
Accessories
•
Chinrest (P/N 16049)
Components
8
•
Printer Paper (P/N 12430-887)
•
Dust Cover (P/N 16050-089)
•
Quick Reference Card (P/N 16170-104)
•
Forehead Rest Pad (Spare) (P/N 16050-170)
•
Power Cord (P/N RCBL10040 - 110V) or
(P/N RCBL10041 - 230)
•
Package of Pipe Cleaners - (P/N 16170-004)
•
Package of Cotton Swabs (P/N 16170-005)
9
16170-101 Rev. F
11
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Icon Definition
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 incorporates a user-friendly icon/menu-based operating system
that will increase the speed of measurements, training and use. Listed below are the icons that are
used during the operation of this instrument.
Icon Description
MAIN MENU — Accesses secondary level menus such as setup and help.
SINGLE MEASURE — Initiates a single-puff measurement process.
MULTIPLE MEASURE — Initiates a triple-puff or quadruple-puff measurement process.
DEMO PUFF — Allows patient to feel a soft demonstration air puff.
CLEAR DATA — Clears the current measurement data.
PRINT — Sends data to the printer and/or the RS232C port.
CANCEL — Cancels measurement process.
SELECT — Confirms entry.
BACK — Returns to preceding screen.
ANALYSIS - Displays a graphical analysis of the current measurement data.
CH HISTOGRAM - Displays current CH measurement compared to a normal population distribution.
OD WAVEFORM - Shows the best waveform for the Right Eye
OS WAVEFORM - Shows the best waveform for the Left Eye
SERVICE — Displays service information.
SERVICE HISTOGRAM - Displays a histogram of the last 400 measurements.
12
16170-101 Rev. F
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Default Settings
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 has default settings that are set at the factory. To view a
summary of these settings, refer to the following page. To view a detailed definition and explanation
of each setting, refer to the individual setup sections in the Instrument Setup section of the manual.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE A POINTED OBJECT TO TOUCH THE SCREEN OR DAMAGE TO THE DISPLAY MAY
RESULT.
Follow these steps to customize the default settings:
1. Tap the MAIN MENU icon.
2. Tap the appropriate setup category (e.g., Printout Setup).
3. Tap the desired parameter to select it.
4. Tap the BACK icon to return to the previous menu screen.
5. Tap the BACK icon on the main Settings screen to return to the main screen.
16170-101 Rev. F
13
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Default Settings (continued)
This instrument is sent from the factory with default settings. These settings can be changed to suit
the needs of the individual operator. A summary of these settings is given below with the default
selections shown in bold type. To customize these settings, follow the steps provided on page 12,
Instrument Setup, Default Settings.
Setup Options
This instrument has the following default settings:
Tonometer Setup: (page 14)
Pressure: mmHg, kPa
Averaging: Intelligent, Straight
Printout Setup: (page 15)
Date Format: MDY, DMY, YMD
Time Format: AM/PM, 24 HR
Date:
12/18/2007
Time:
05:00PM
Printer:
On, Off
Practice:
Reichert
Communication Port Setup: (page 16)
Baud:
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200
Parity:
None, Even, Odd
Data Bits:
7, 8
Stop Bits:
1, 2
General Setup: (page 17)
Language:
Tone:
Sleep:
Brightness:
Eye Title:
14
Eng, Fra, Deu, Esp, Por, Ita
On, Off
5, 10, 15, 20, Off
***********
Right/Left, OD/OS
16170-101 Rev. F
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Tonometer Setup
The following options are available in the Tonometer Setup menu:
Settings
Options
PRESSURE
Choose either mmHg (millimeter of mercury), or kPa (kilopascal).
MEASUREMENTS
Choose either 3 or 4 measurements for the multi-measure button function.
AVERAGING
Choose either Intelligent or Straight averaging. Refer to the Measurement
Results section of this manual.
16170-101 Rev. F
15
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Printout Setup
The following options are available in the Printout Setup menu:
Settings
Options
PRINTER
Option that sets the printer to print (ON) or not to print (OFF) when the PRINT
icon is touched.
DATE FORMAT
Choose the date format to display on the printer paper:
D=Day, M=Month, Y=Year.
16
TIME FORMAT
Choose the time format: AM/PM or 24 HR.
DATE
Change the current date. Touch to select a date field and use the PLUS (+) or
MINUS (-) icons to modify the value.
TIME
Change the current time. Touch to select a time field and use the PLUS (+) or
MINUS (-) icons to modify the value.
PRACTICE
Up to 29 characters (letters and numbers) can be printed at the bottom of the
printer paper. To change the characters, use the PLUS and MINUS icons to
scroll through the alphabet. Once you find the letter you need, touch the RIGHT
or LEFT icon to move horizontally to the next letter. To exit, touch the SELECT
icon, then the RETURN icon.
16170-101 Rev. F
Instrument Setup
(continued)
Communications Port Setup
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 can transfer data to an external device, such as a computer,
through the RS232C port.
The following options are available in the Communications Setup menu:
Settings
Options
BAUD
Serial transmission data rate, transfers in bits per second (bps).
PARITY
Bits added to data transmission used to detect transmission errors. None, Even,
or Odd are the available options.
DATA BITS
Number of bits that make up data transmission signal. Usually 7 or 8 bits in length.
STOP BITS
Number of bits added to the end of the data transmission signal to indicate the end
of transmission. Usually 1, 1.5, or 2 bits in length.
16170-101 Rev. F
17
Instrument Setup
(continued)
General Setup
The following options are available in the General Setup menu:
Settings
Options
LANGUAGE
Sets the language that appears on the Operator Display.
TONE
Sets the audible tone indicator (“beep”) to be audible (ON) or silent (OFF).
Note: Any time a selection is made on the touch screen, a beep will sound if the
option is set to “ON”.
SLEEP
Sets the duration of time (5, 10, 15, 20 minutes, or OFF) that the instrument is
inactive before it enters the “sleep” mode (the Operator Display goes blank when
the “sleep” mode is active). To illuminate (“wake”) the Operator Display after the
“Sleep” mode is active, touch the screen.
Note: When unit comes out of sleep mode, any measurements that were not
cleared prior to the activation of the sleep mode will still appear, but the
measurement buttons will be disabled in order to prevent accidentally
combining data from two different patients. Any previous measurements
must be output or cleared before taking new readings.
BRIGHTNESS Adjusts the brightness of the Operator Display by touching the desired level.
EYE TITLE
18
Select either Right/Left or OD/OS.
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
Definitions & Interpretation of Measurement Values
•
•
•
•
IOPcc - Corneal Compensated IOP. A Goldmann correlated IOP measurement that takes the
biomechanical properties of the cornea into consideration providing an indication of intraocular
pressure that is less influenced by properties such as corneal viscoelasticity and thickness.
CH - Corneal Hysteresis is a function of corneal viscoelastic damping that reflects the ability of the
corneal tissue to absorb and dissipate energy. It is indicative of corneal biomechanical properties.
IOPg - Goldmann-correlated IOP. IOPg is strongly correlated with the results obtained from an
expertly executed, properly calibrated Goldmann Applanation Tonometer (GAT).
Waveform Score – The Waveform Score is an indicator of measurement reliability on a scale of 0
to 10 (0 being lowest, 10 being highest). The higher the Waveform Score, the more reliable the
measurement data. If the Waveform Score is below 3, the measurement will appear orange on
the screen. It is recommended that you take an additional measurement.
Note: When IOPcc is higher than IOPg, this indicates that the IOP for this patient may be understated
using traditional methods of tonometry. When IOPcc is lower than IOPg, this indicates that
the IOP for this patient may be overstated when using traditional methods of tonometry.
Boot Up
When power is applied to the Ocular Response Analyzer G3, it initially performs a system check.
During the system check, the unit will puff. After completion of the system check, the title screen will
be displayed.
Note: The unit will puff during the start up sequence.
16170-101 Rev. F
19
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment & Measurement
From this screen operators may choose to enter the MAIN MENU, demonstrate the airpuff to the
patient, or begin the measurement process. To measure, move the Forehead Rest fully to the left or
right until it locks into position if it is not already in this position.
Demo Puff
Pressing the DEMO PUFF icon initiates a sample air puff. This can be used to
demonstrate the air puff to the patient. Suggest patient to hold their hand about 3 inches
in front of the nosepiece so they can feel the air puff. After each time the DEMO PUFF
icon is pressed and the air puff is delivered, an internal check of the Ocular Response
Analyzer G3’s systems is conducted to ensure optimum performance of your instrument.
Note: The DEMO PUFF icon will not display if there is measurement data displayed on the
screen.
If the forehead rest is not in position, the icons will be inactive, and the message in the image below
will appear.
The side that is ready to measure will become blue, indicating the unit is ready to measure that eye.
20
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment and Measurement (continued)
Slide headrest left or right
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 features a left/right sliding forehead rest that enables the
instrument to determine which eye is being measured. It must be positioned completely to one side
or to the other in order to take a measurement. Position the forehead rest to the desired position
before beginning the measurement process.
Illuminated
Nosepiece
Air Tube
A properly positioned patient will easily see the fixation cues. The fixation target is a green light, located
inside the air tube, surrounded by a ring of red lights. In order to take a measurement, patients must be
fixating on the green light. If a patient is able to see any of the lights (red or green) then patient position
is adequate. If any red lights can be seen, the automatic alignment system will bring the green fixation
target into view. The measurement will be made automatically.
16170-101 Rev. F
21
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment and Measurement (continued)
Canthus
Mark
Correct Patient Positioning
Set the height of the table so the canthus marks on the sides of the instrument are level with the
patient’s eyes.
Patients should lean forward slightly so that the center of their forehead rests in the middle of the
forehead pad. The patient’s head should contact the headrest straight-on; perpendicular to the
front of the instrument (not turned to the side). Ensure the patient’s chin is not too far from the
front of the instrument, or the alignment system may not be able to reach the eye.
Proper Patient Alignment
(Chin Close to Unit)
Improper Patient Alignment
(Chin Moved Away From Unit)
Observe the photo on the right. Notice the distance between the patient’s chin and the front of
the instrument. The instrument is too low, causing the patient to rest his head in a downwardfacing manner. In this instance, the patient may not be able to see the fixation target, and the
alignment system may not be able to reach the patient’s eye.
22
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment & Measurement (continued)
To take a measurement, simply touch one of the measurement icons.
•
Touching the SINGLE MEASURE icon will initiate a measurement with one puff.
•
Touching the MULTI MEASURE icon will initiate a measurement with three or four sequential
puffs, depending on menu settings.
Note: Between each measurement, the unit will align to the eye briefly, then measure.
Note: To ensure fast and accurate results operators should instruct the patient to blink a few times
and hold both eyes open immediately before measurement. Remind the patient to look
directly at the green light and hold steady.
16170-101 Rev. F
23
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment & Measurement (continued)
During the alignment and measurement process, the Operator Display will show the position of the
airtube with respect to the center of the patient’s cornea. As the positioning system aligns to the apex
of the eye, the measuring icon will move to the middle of the screen and align over the center of the
eye graphic. Once the positioning system is aligned the air puff(s) is delivered to the eye and the
measurement results are automatically displayed.
Note: If the instrument is unable to properly align to the patient’s eye and take a measurement
(e.g., it keeps aligning but never takes a reading), it may be necessary to ask the patient to:
• Remain still and try not to move or blink frequently
• Open his/her eyes wider
• Reposition his or her head per the instructions indicated on screen.
24
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Alignment & Measurement (continued)
Measurement Count
The eye icons below the eye titles (Right and Left, or OD and OS) will be filled in to indicate the
number of measurements that have been made.
When using the single measurement function, an eye icon will become filled after each
measurement. If more than 3 individual measurements are made on the same eye, all three eye
icons will remain filled and the measurement results will continue to be updated based on the
averaging methodology described in the Measurement Results section of this manual.
When using the multi measure function, all eye icons will appear filled after the measurement
process is complete.
Pressing the multi measure icon again will result in a new set of measurements, replacing any
data displayed for the eye being measured.
16170-101 Rev. F
25
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Measurement Results
Intelligent Averaging of Data
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 features an intelligent averaging system, based on the
waveform score, to help ensure the most reliable measurements are displayed. The system
works in the following manner:
Single Measurements
If a single measurement is taken on an eye, the IOPcc, CH, IOPg and Score for that
measurement will be displayed regardless of the Waveform Score. If the Waveform Score is
low, another measurement should be taken.
Multiple Measurements in Intelligent Averaging Mode
If multiple measurements are made on an eye, the displayed result will be an average of
the measurements with Waveform Scores that are within 1 number of the highest score
obtained. Any measurement in a series of measurements with a Waveform Score more than
1 below the highest Waveform Score will be discarded. Results from any measurement that
produces a score more than 1 number higher than all other measurements obtained will be
displayed based on this result alone.
Note: The intelligent averaging process updates the displayed results in “real time.”
Results from each measurement in a series of measurements are not displayed
individually.
Straight Averaging of Data
When the straight averaging option is selected in the setup menu, the displayed result will be an
average of all measurements regardless of the score.
Multiple Measurements Using the Multi Measurement Button
When using the multi measurement mode the displayed result will be a straight average.
If the multi measurement button is pressed again, the process will start over, clearing the
previous measurements, and replacing any stored values for that eye.
Multiple Measurements Using the Single Measurement Button
When taking multiple measurements using the single measurement button the displayed
results will continue to be updated based on a straight average of all measurements made,
up to the amount of measurements selected in the tonometer setup menu (3 or 4).
Once the maximum number of measurements have been made (3 or 4), an additional
measurement will replace the measurement with the lowest Waveform Score, so that only
3 or 4 measurements are averaged together. Each following measurement will continue to
replace the measurement with the lowest Waveform Score.
26
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Measurement Results (continued)
Examples - Intelligent Averaging
Please refer to the table below for some scenarios that demonstrate how the intelligent
averaging process determines the displayed result
Individual IOPcc
Individual IOPg
Individual CH
Individual Score
Displayed IOPcc
Displayed IOPg
Displayed CH
Displayed Score
Measurement
A
17.5
13.0
12.0
9.5
17.5
13.0
12.0
9.5
Measurement
B
11.0
8.0
9.8
3.0
17.5
13.0
12.0
9.5
Measurement
C
16.0
12.0
12.4
9.0
16.8
12.5
12.2
9.3
Measurement
D
16.5
12.7
11.2
8.5
16.7
12.6
11.8
9.0
Measurement A - A single measurement taken
The first measurement results in a good score. Since it was the only measurement made,
the displayed results are based on this measurement.
Measurement B - An additional measurement taken after Measurement A
A second measurement is made that resulted in an individual score more than 1-number
lower than measurement A. As such, the intelligent averaging system disregards this value
and the displayed results do not change.
Measurement C - A third measurement taken after Measurement B
A third measurement is made that resulted in an individual score that is within 1 of the
highest Score (measurement A). The displayed results are now an average of measurement
A and measurement C. The displayed values are updated in real time, such that the
operator never sees the individual results from measurement C.
Measurement D - A fourth measurement taken after Measurement C
A fourth measurement is made that resulted in a score that is within 1 of the highest Score
(measurement A). The displayed result is now an average of measurements A, C, and
D. The displayed values are updated in real time, such that the operator never sees the
individual results from measurement D.
Note: If the triple measurement function were used to obtain results A, B, and C, the
process would end after result C. An additional press of the triple measurement
button would clear the results and start the process over. An additional single
measurement would continue to update the results based on the averaging
technique.
Note: It is important to clear on-screen results after concluding with a patient to prevent
“blending” of measurement results from patient to patient.
Note: If the unit goes into sleep mode, any measurements that were not cleared out prior to
sleep mode must be printed, transferred, or cleared before taking new readings.
16170-101 Rev. F
27
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Measurement Results (continued)
Examples - Straight Averaging
Please refer to the table below for some scenarios that demonstrate how the straight averaging
process determines the displayed result
Individual IOPcc
Individual IOPg
Individual CH
Individual Score
Displayed IOPcc
Displayed IOPg
Displayed CH
Displayed Score
Measurement
A
17.5
13.0
12.0
9.5
17.5
13.0
12.0
9.5
Measurement
B
11.0
8.0
9.8
3.0
14.3
10.5
10.9
6.3
Measurement
C
16.0
12.0
12.4
9.0
14.8
11.0
11.4
7.2
Measurement
D
16.5
12.7
11.2
8.5
15.3
11.4
11.3
7.5
Measurement A - A single measurement taken
The first measurement results in a good score. Since it was the only measurement taken the
displayed results are based on this measurement.
Measurement B - An additional measurement taken after Measurement A
A second measurement is made. The two measurements are averaged and displayed.
Measurement C - A third measurement taken after Measurement B
A third measurement is made. All three measurements are averaged and displayed.
Measurement D - A fourth measurement taken after Measurement C
A fourth measurement is made. All four measurements are averaged and displayed.
Note: It is important to clear on-screen results after concluding with a patient to prevent
“blending” of measurement results from patient to patient.
Note: If the unit goes into sleep mode, any measurements that were not cleared out prior to
sleep mode must be printed, transferred, or cleared before taking new readings.
Note: Once the maximum number of measurements have been made (3 or 4), an
additional measurement will replace the measurement with the lowest Waveform
Score, so that only 3 or 4 measurements are averaged together. Each following
measurement will continue to replace the measurement with the lowest Waveform
Score.
28
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Measuring the Next Eye
There are several options available at this point:
a. The Forehead Rest may be slid to the opposite side to continue taking measurements on the
other eye.
b. All data may be cleared and additional measurements taken on the same eye (touch the
CLEAR icon).
c. The data can be printed by touching the PRINT icon.
Note: The instrument will print out the data from both eyes if the PRINT icon is touched after both
eyes are measured.
Note: Measurement data should always be printed or cleared after a patient is completed. Leaving
readings on the screen can result in “mixing” of data when the next patient is measured.
Note: If the unit goes into sleep mode, any measurements that were not cleared out prior to sleep
mode must be printed, transferred, or cleared before taking new readings.
16170-101 Rev. F
29
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Sleep Mode
The unit will go into sleep mode after the specified amount of time selected in the Setup Menu.
When the unit comes out of sleep mode, any measurements that were not cleared out prior to sleep
mode will appear on the screen, but the measurement buttons will be disabled in order to prevent
accidentally combining data from two different patients.
While the measurement buttons are disabled, the Analysis button is still functional, so that the data
can be viewed.
If disabled measurement buttons appear, the data must be printed, transferred, or cleared before
taking new readings.
30
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Low Waveform Scores
An advanced signal “scoring” process is employed in the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 to
objectively determine the reliability of the measurement data. On a scale of 0 to 10, the higher the
score, the more reliable the measurement data.
Any measurement values identified with a “low waveform score” will be indicated in orange text, and
on the bar graph beneath the measurements. Take additional measurements to replace results with
low waveform scores.
Note: It is possible that post refractive surgery eyes and eyes with pathologies may produce
consistently low measurement scores. The values based on the highest obtainable scores
should be considered reliable.
16170-101 Rev. F
31
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Analysis Screens
Tapping the ANALYSIS icon will display the analysis screen. On the Analysis screen the CH
Histogram, as well as the Left and Right eye Waveforms can be viewed.
Note: When a chart is displayed, the icon will be disabled since it is the current chart and is an
inactive button. Only the icons that can be selected will be in blue.
CH Histogram
The CH Histogram displays a distribution of normal population CH values, and the CH results for the
patient being measured with respect to the normal distribution*.
* The reference population is comprised of 840 eyes (340 Male and 500 female) for CH measured
during 2002 and 2003. Ethnic breakdown of the population is as follows: 18 African American,
264 Asian, 496 Hispanic, and 62 Caucasian. No minimum or maximum “cut-off” values were
established for hysteresis or IOP in the reference population. Observed Corneal Hysteresis and
IOP values ranged from 4-18 mmHg and 6-26 mmHg respectively. Inferences for values outside of
this range remain speculative.
32
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Analysis Screens (continued)
OD/OS Measurement Signal
Raw Signal
Curve
Pressure
Curve
The measurement signals based on the best waveform score obtained can be seen by tapping the
corresponding icon, either OD or OS. This signal displays the Applanation Curve (red line) and the
Pressure Curve (green line).
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 makes measurements by applanating the cornea with a puff of
air and monitoring the shape of the cornea with an electro-optical detection system. The waveform
that is produced as a result of the measurement process is displayed.
The illustrated curves are the following:
• The green curve represents the pressure of the air on the cornea.
• The red curve indicates the signal of the applanation detection system.
The optical signal collected during the inward and outward applanation events causes the two
“peaks” on either side of the pressure curve. The applanation pressure is determined by drawing a
line down from the peak of each applanation spike to the intersection of the green pressure curve.
The outward applanation pressure will always occur at a lower position on the pressure curve than
the inward applanation pressure due to Corneal Hysteresis (CH). Corneas with higher hysteresis will
cause a greater discrepancy in the vertical offset of these two pressure points.
The green pressure curve will always be fairly symmetrical. The height of the curve will vary
depending on the amount of pressure required to applanate a particular eye. Eyes with high
intraocular pressure will cause a higher curve.
The red applanation signal curve may vary significantly in appearance from measurement to
measurement. Ideally, the amplitude (height) of the applanation peaks will be above the green
curve. Both peaks should have a clearly defined and relatively well-centered high point. The peaks
should be similar in amplitude (they will rarely be identical). In normal eyes, the signals will be
symmetrical and relatively free of “noise.”
16170-101 Rev. F
33
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Positioning Error Messages
If the patient is not properly positioned, the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 may not be able to align
and measure. Should this occur, the nosepiece will return to the home position, and the screen will
display an error message indicating the reason for the incomplete measurement.
Should this situation arise, reposition the patient and proceed with the next measurement.
34
16170-101 Rev. F
Instructions For Use
(continued)
Printing Measurement Data
Touch the PRINT icon to print a paper copy of the measurement data and/or output the
measurement data via the RS232C port. A sample printout is shown below.
Sample Printout
If you decide not to make a printout, touch the CLEAR DATA icon. This will clear all data
from the memory and the screen. The instrument is now ready for the next patient.
16170-101 Rev. F
35
Cleaning & Maintenance
Fuses
WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO REMOVE THE FUSES OR SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH MAY OCCUR.
Replace the fuses in the Power Input Module with the fuses indicated in the Specifications section of
this manual.
1. Remove input power to the instrument.
2. Press down on the tab in the middle of the Power Input
Module to release the Fuse Holder. Refer to item 1.
3. Pull the fuse holder out of the input module.
Refer to item 2.
4. Install new fuses that are indicated in the Specification
section of this manual into the Fuse Holder.
5. Push the Fuse Holder into the Power Input Module until
it snaps into place.
1
Fuses
2
External Cleaning
Fuse Location
Clean the external surfaces of this instrument using a clean, soft cloth moistened with a mild detergent
solution (1 cc of liquid dish soap to one liter of clean, filtered water (filtered below 5 microns)).
Forehead Rest Cleaning
For hygienic reasons, the Forehead Rest may be cleaned with a clean cloth moistened with a mild
detergent solution (1 cc of liquid dish soap to one liter of clean, filtered water (filtered below 5 microns))
or a sterile alcohol (isopropyl or ethanol) wipe.
Note: Replacement Forehead Rest Pads can be purchased through your local authorized Reichert
dealer under P/N 16050-170.
Operator Display Cleaning
Use a clean, soft cloth with neutral detergent, isopropyl or ethanol to clean the operator display. Do
not use any chemical solvent, acidic, or alkali solution.
Printer Paper
To change the printer paper, remove the printer
paper door to expose the printer paper compartment.
Remove the cardboard roll and place a new roll of
thermal printer inside the printer paper compartment
as shown below. To order replacement thermal paper,
call your local dealer and ask for Reichert replacement
paper.
Printer Paper Replacement
36
16170-101 Rev. F
Cleaning & Maintenance
(continued)
Positioning Windows and Airtube Cleaning
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY, BE SURE THERE IS NO PATIENT OR OTHER PERSON
LOOKING INTO THE AIRTUBE DURING THIS CLEANING PROCEDURE.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE SOLVENTS OR STRONG CLEANING SOLUTIONS ON THE ALIGNMENT WINDOWS OR
DAMAGE TO THE WINDOWS WILL OCCUR.
When the Positioning Windows or the Applanation Windows become occluded with contaminants,
degradation of the positioning signal occurs. When signal degradation occurs, the system may not
recognize or position at the center of the eye. Consequently, the instrument will not find the center of
the eye or align off center, which may prevent the unit from taking a measurement or can cause low
waveform score readings.
Every 30 days, the on-screen display will remind the user to clean the instrument.
Note: Any time during cleaning press the DEMO PUFF icon to initiate a single puff.
1. Press the SELECT icon to Enter Cleaning mode if reminder appeared, or the Cleaning mode
may be entered at any time from the main screen by pressing the MAIN MENU icon then
selecting Cleaning Procedure.
Note: If the cleaning mode is not entered after the 30 day reminder by the user pressing the BACK
icon, then the 30 day reminder counter
will be reset.
Applanation Windows
2. The nosepiece will advance for easy
cleaning access.
Air tube
3. Locate the Positioning Windows and
the Applanation Windows and wipe the
Positioning Windows
outside surfaces with a clean, long handle
cotton-tip swab moistened with a lens
Positioning Windows
cleaner or alcohol (isopropyl or ethanol).
4. Remove any remaining dust or foreign
particles using only clean, dry, compressed air at less than 90 psig
(620 kPa).
5. Using a Pipe Cleaner, slide it in and out of the Airtube a few times to
remove any contaminants inside the Airtube.
CAUTION: BE SURE THERE IS NO PIPE CLEANER OR OTHER OBJECT IN THE
AIRTUBE BEFORE PUFFING THE INSTRUMENT.
Pipe Cleaners
6. When cleaning is completed, press the SELECT icon and the Ocular
Response Analyzer G3 will initiate a series of puffs to clear potential contaminants from the
airtube and the nosepiece will return to normal position.
16170-101 Rev. F
37
Cleaning & Maintenance
(continued)
Forehead Rest Pad Replacement
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 has a
removable Forehead Rest Pad, to allow for
easier replacement of the pad.
On the bottom part of the Forehead Rest Pad,
there is a small indent, which is to allow room
to grip the pad with your finger. Refer to Figure
CL-1.
Indent
Figure CL-1. Forehead Rest Pad Indent
1. Grip the Forehead Rest Pad with your
fingers at the Indent at the bottom of the pad.
Refer to Figure CL-2.
2. Gently remove the Forehead Rest Pad by
peeling it away from the Headrest. Refer to
Figure CL-3.
3. Install a new Forehead Rest Pad by pressing
it onto the grooves of the Headrest. Refer to
Figure CL-4.
Note: Be sure the new Forehead Rest Pad is
completely and firmly pressed down. If it
is not, it could fall off.
Note: If you have the old style Headrest
Assembly and need to replace the
Headrest, please contact Reichert.
Figure CL-2. Grip Forehead Rest Pad
Figure CL-3. Remove Forehead Rest Pad
Figure CL-4. Install Forehead Rest Pad
38
16170-101 Rev. F
Troubleshooting
Help Screen
To access the HELP menu, tap the MAIN MENU icon, then tap the HELP icon. This will display the
contact information for Reichert.
16170-101 Rev. F
39
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Service
To access the SERVICE screen, tap the MAIN MENU icon, then tap the SERVICE menu line. The
following screen will appear.
Measurement Histogram
A graph displaying the last 400 measurements for either the IOPcc, IOPg, and CH can be seen by
tapping the SERVICE HISTOGRAM icon. To scroll through the three different graphs (IOPcc,IOPg,
and CH) tap the RIGHT and LEFT arrows. Any of these graphs can be printed by tapping the PRINT
icon.
40
16170-101 Rev. F
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Print-Related Errors
If your printer runs out of paper during a print cycle, the following message will appear:
Note: If the printer paper runs out before printing all the measurement data, the data will be stored.
Once the printer paper is replaced, a complete print out of all measurement data will start.
Time and Date Issues
Time and Date are maintained in memory by a long-life battery (CR 2032 Lithium Coin Cell Battery).
This long-life battery lasts many years. If the Time and Date do not work, contact Reichert (Please
refer to the Introduction section of this manual).
16170-101 Rev. F
41
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Chart of Common Errors
The following chart provides details of common problems and solutions for the Ocular Response Analyzer G3.
Definition
Screen blank.
Probable Cause
Unit is in Sleep Mode.
Solution
Touch the screen.
ON/OFF Switch is set to OFF. Press the “|” on the ON/OFF Switch.
Fuse(s) are blown.
Replace the blown fuse(s) (Refer to Cleaning &
Maintenance section). Press the ON/OFF Switch
to OFF, wait two minutes, then press it to ON.
Screen is too dim.
Contrast is set too low.
Adjust brightness in General Setup Menu.
Instrument not
responding to icon
touch.
Touch screen needs
recalibrating.
Re-boot unit while touching the screen to initiate
calibration of the touch screen. Press the “blue
dot” displayed on the screen at different locations
to re-calibrate the touch screen.
“Unable to Locate Eye” Patient not looking at the
message shown.
green fixation LED.
Instruct patient to look for the green LED, then
move in toward headrest.
Does not find the eye
(moves straight out,
then goes straight
back).
Dirty Positioning Windows or Clean the Positioning and Applanation Windows
Applanation Windows.
(Refer to the Maintenance section of this manual).
External light is confusing
the positioning system.
Isolate sources of external light (e.g., incandescent or
infrared light) and remove light source.
Finds one eye not
the other. Infrared
interference.
Light interference on
measuring side.
Remove interference (e.g., infrared light source).
Will not take a reading.
Patient not holding still.
Encourage patient to remain still.
Patient’s eye too far from the Ask patient to move toward the nosepiece.
Patient Window.
Ask patient to look only at target.
Patient has dry eye.
Ask patient to blink their eyes.
Dirty Positioning Windows.
Clean the Positioning Windows (Refer to the
Maintenance section of this manual).
Low Waveform Scores
or No Applanation
readings shown.
Dirty Positioning Windows or Clean the Positioning and Applanation Windows
Applanation Windows.
(Refer to the Maintenance section of this manual).
Printer is not printing.
Printer is out of paper.
Replace the paper with Reichert P/N 12430-887.
Printer paper is installed
backwards.
Reverse the printer paper.
Not using Reichert thermal
paper.
Replace the paper with Reichert P/N 12430-887.
Forehead Rest Pad fell
off.
42
Patient not focusing on the
target (eye moving around).
The Forehead Rest Pad has Replace the Forehead Rest Pad with P/N 16050become loose and separated 170. (Refer to the Maintenance section of this
from the Headrest.
manual).
16170-101 Rev. F
General Specifications
Model: 16170 - Ocular Response Analyzer G3
Physical Dimensions
Size: Height: 50.2 cm (19.8 in.)
Width: 26.7 cm (10.5 in.)
Depth: 35.6 cm (14.0 in.)
Weight, unpacked: 10.4 Kg (23.0 lbs)
Electrical
Voltage: 100-240 VAC
Power: 90-85 VA
Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Fuses: Time-Lag (2.5A, 250V), 5 X 20mm, RoHS
Measurement Range:
IOP: 7 – 60 mmHg
CH: 0 to highest IOP measured
Measurement Accuracy:
Accuracy by NIST traceable pressure transducer (95% Confidence)
IOPg: ± 1.0 mmHg (7 - 60 mmHg)
CH:
± 1.4 mmHg (0 to highest IOP measured)
IOPcc: ± 1.0 mmHg (7 - 60 mmHg)
Note: The accuracy complies with ISO 8612 Tonometer Standard
Operational Conditions
Environmental:
The environmental conditions are as follows:
Operating:
Temperature: 10° C (50° F) to 35° C (95° F)
Relative Humidity: 30% to 90%
Atmospheric Pressure: 80 kPa (23.6 in. Hg) to
106 kPa (31.3 in. Hg)
Transportation & Storage:
Temperature: -40° C (-40° F) to +70° C (158° F)
Relative Humidity: 10% to 95%
Atmospheric Pressure: 50 kPa (14.8 in. Hg) to
106 kPa (31.3 in. Hg)
70°C
-40°C
95%
10%
106 kPa
50 kPa
Disposal
This product does not generate any environmentally hazardous residues. At the end of its product
service life, follow your local laws and ordinances regarding the proper disposal of this equipment.
Software Revision
The software revision can be obtained by contacting Reichert Technologies or by accessing the
Service screen via the Main Menu. The serial number identifies the manufacture date and will
provide access to the software version.
16170-101 Rev. F
43
Classifications
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is classified as Class I Equipment.
Class I Equipment is equipment in which protection against electric shock does not rely on basic
insulation only, but which includes an additional safety precaution in that means are provided for the
connection of the equipment to a protective earth conductor in the fixed wiring of the installation in
such a way which accessible metal parts cannot become live in the event of a failure of the basic
insulation.
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is classified as Type B Equipment for patient contact per IEC
60601-1.
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is classified as IPX0 Equipment.
IPX0 Equipment is ordinary equipment enclosed without protection against ingress of water.
According to the mode of operation, the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is a Continuous Operation
instrument.
44
16170-101 Rev. F
Guidance Tables
Table 201 – Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration
Electromagnetic Emissions
All Equipment and Systems
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Emissions
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment
specified below. The customer or user of the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 should ensure that
it is used in such an environment.
Emissions Test
RF Emissions CISPR 11
16170-101 Rev. F
Compliance
Class A,
Group 1
Harmonics
IEC 61000-3-2
Class A
Flicker
IEC 61000-3-3
Complies
Electromagnetic Environment
- Guidance -
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 uses RF energy only
for its internal function. Therefore, its RF emissions are
very low and are not likely to cause any interference in
nearby electronic equipment.
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is suitable for use in
all establishments, other than domestic establishments
and those directly connected to the public low-voltage
power supply network that supplies building for domestic
power.
45
Guidance Tables
(continued)
Table 202 – Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration
Electromagnetic Immunity
All Equipment and Systems
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Immunity
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is suitable for use in electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or user of the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 should ensure that it is used
in such an environment.
Immunity
Test
Compliance
Level
Electromagnetic
Environment - Guidance
ESD
IEC 61000-4-2
±6kV Contact
±8kV Air
±6kV Contact
±8kV Air
Floors should be wood, concrete or ceramic
tile. If floors are synthetic, the R/H should be at
least 30%.
EFT
IEC 61000-4-4
±2kV Mains
±1kV I/Os
±2kV Mains
±1kV I/Os
Mains power quality should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital environment.
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
±1kV Differential
±2kV Common
±1kV Differential
±2kV Common
Mains power quality should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital environment.
>95% Dip
for 0.5 Cycle
>95% Dip
for 0.5 Cycle
60% Dip
for 5 Cycles
60% Dip
for 5 Cycles
30% Dip
for 25 Cycles
30% Dip
for 25 Cycles
>95% Dip
for 5 Seconds
>95% Dip
for 5 Seconds
3A/m
3A/m
Voltage
Dips/Dropout
IEC 61000-4-11
Power Frequency
50/60Hz
Magnetic Field
IEC 61000-4-8
46
IEC 60601
Test Level
Mains power quality should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital environment. If the user
of the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 requires
continued operation during power mains
interruptions, it is recommended that the Ocular
Response Analyzer G3 be powered from an
uninterruptible power supply or battery.
Power frequency magnetic fields should be that
of a typical commercial or hospital environment.
16170-101 Rev. F
Guidance Tables
(continued)
Table 204 – Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration
Electromagnetic Immunity
Equipment and Systems that are NOT Life-supporting
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Immunity
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment
specified below. The customer or user of the Ocular Response Analyzer G3 should ensure
that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity
Test
IEC 60601
Test Level
Compliance
Level
Electromagnetic
Environment - Guidance
Portable and mobile RF communications
equipment should be no closer to any
part of the Ocular Response Analyzer G3,
including cables, than the recommended
separation distance calculated from the
equation applicable to the frequency of the
transmitter.
Conducted RF
IEC 61000-4-6
3 Vrms
150 kHz to 80
MHz
(V1) = 3 V/rms
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
80 MHz to 2.5
GHz @ 3V/m
(E1) = 3 V/m
Recommended Separation Distance:
d=(3.5/V1)(Sqrt P)
150 kHz to 80MHz
d=(3.5/E1)(Sqrt P)
80 to 800 MHz
d=(7/E1)(Sqrt P)
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
Where P is the max output power rating
of the transmitter in watts (W) according
to the transmitter manufacturer and d is
the recommended separation distance in
meters (m).
Field strengths from fixed transmitters,
as determined by an electromagnetic site
survey, should be less than the compliance
levels in each frequence range.
Interference may occur in the vicinity
of equipment marked with the following
symbol.
Note 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
Note 2: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption
and reflection from structures, objects and people.
* Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless) telephones and land
mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically
with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic
site survey should be considered. The measured field strength in the location in which the ME Equipment or
ME System should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional
measures many be necessary, such as re-orienting or relocating the ME Equipment or ME System.
* Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less then [V1] V/m.
16170-101 Rev. F
47
Guidance Tables
(continued)
Table 206 – Recommended Separation Distances between
Portable and Mobile RF Communications Equipment and the Ocular Response
Analyzer G3 for ME Equipment and ME Systems that are NOT Life-supporting.
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration - Electromagnetic Immunity
Recommended Separation Distances for between
Portable and Mobile RF Communications Equipment and the Ocular Response Analyzer G3
The Ocular Response Analyzer G3 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment in
which radiated RF disturbances are controlled. The customer or user of the Ocular Response
Analyzer G3 can help prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance
between portable and mobile RF Communications Equipment and the Ocular Response Analyzer
G3 as recommended below, according to the maximum output power of the communications
equipment.
Max Output
Separation (m)
Separation (m)
Separation (m)
Power of Trans150kHz to 80 MHz
80 to 800 MHz
800MHz to 2.5GHz
mitter
d=(3.5/V1)(Sqrt P)
d=(3.5/E1)(Sqrt P)
d=(7/E1)(Sqrt P)
(W)
0.01
0.1166
0.1166
0.2333
0.1
0.3689
0.3689
0.7378
1
1.1666
1.1666
2.3333
10
3.6893
3.6893
7.3786
100
11.6666
11.6666
23.3333
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance (d)
in meters (m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the
maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (w) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
Note 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
Note 2: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by
absorption and reflection from structures, objects, and people.
48
16170-101 Rev. F
Warranty
This product is warranted by Reichert Technologies (“Reichert”) against defective material and workmanship
under normal use for a period of one year from the date of invoice to the original purchaser. (An authorized
dealer shall not be considered an original purchaser.) Under this warranty, Reichert’s sole obligation is to
repair or replace the defective part or product at Reichert’s discretion.
This warranty applies to new products and does not apply to a product that has been tampered with,
altered in any way, misused, damaged by accident or negligence, or that has the serial number removed,
altered or effaced. Nor shall this warranty be extended to a product installed or operated in a manner not in
accordance with the applicable Reichert instruction manual, nor to a product that has been sold, serviced,
installed or repaired other than by a Reichert factory, Technical Service Center, or authorized Reichert
Technologies Dealer.
Lamps, bulbs, charts, cards and other expendable items are not covered by this warranty.
All claims under this warranty must be in writing directed to the Reichert factory, Technical Service Center,
or authorized instrument dealer making the original sale and must be accompanied by a copy of the
purchaser’s invoice.
This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties implied or expressed. All implied warranties of merchantability
or fitness for a particular use are hereby disclaimed. No representative or other person is authorized to
make any other obligations for Reichert. Reichert shall not be liable for any special, incidental, or consequent
damages for any negligence, breach of warranty, strict liability or any other damages resulting from or
relating to design, manufacture, sale, use or handling of the product.
PATENT WARRANTY
If notified promptly in writing of any action brought against the purchaser based on a claim that the instrument
infringes a U.S. Patent, Reichert will defend such action at its expense and will pay costs and damages
awarded in any such action, provided that Reichert shall have sole control of the defense of any such action
with information and assistance (at Reichert’s expense) for such defense, and of all negotiation for the
settlement and compromise thereof.
PRODUCT CHANGES
Reichert reserves the right to make changes in design or to make additions to or improvements in its
products without obligation to add such to products previously manufactured. CLAIMS FOR SHORTAGES
We use extreme care in selection, checking, rechecking and packing to eliminate the possibility of error. If any
shipping errors are discovered:
1. Carefully go through the packing materials to be sure nothing was inadvertently overlooked when the
unit was unpacked.
2. Call the dealer you purchased the product from and report the shortage. The materials are packed at
the factory and none should be missing if the box has never been opened.
3. Claims should be filed within 30 days.
CLAIMS FOR DAMAGES IN TRANSIT
Our shipping responsibility ceases with the safe delivery in good condition to the transportation company.
Claims for loss or damage in transit should be made promptly and directly to the transportation company.
If, upon delivery, the outside of the packing case shows evidence of rough handling or damage, the
transportation company’s agent should be requested to make a “Received in Bad Order” notation on the
delivery receipt. If within 48 hours of delivery, concealed damage is noted upon unpacking the shipment and
no exterior evidence of rough handling is apparent, the transportation company should be requested to make
out a “Bad Order” report. This procedure is necessary in order for the dealer to maintain the right of recovery
from the carrier.
16170-101 Rev. F
49
Appendix A - Serial Data Description
I/O Connection
• RS-232 Serial DCE Port
• 9 Pin D-Subminiature female connector
Serial Port Configuration
• User selectable baud rates: 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200
• User selectable parity: None, Odd, Even
• User selectable data bits: 7, 8
• User selectable stop bits: 1, 2
• Flow control: none
• Default configuration is 19200, None, 8, 1
General Description of Data Format
• Data is output when the Print icon is touched
• Start with 2 <CR> characters
• Date and time the measurements were taken followed by a blank line
• Column headers for IOPcc, CH, IOPg and Waveform Score measurement data
• If measurement(s) were taken, right eye IOP measurement data includes the following:
- right eye data tag - (R)
- IOPcc (corneal compensated IOP) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- CH (Corneal Hysteresis) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- IOPg (Goldmann correlated IOP) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- WS (Waveform Score) is a variable length, fixed point format value
• If measurement(s) were taken, left eye IOP measurement data includes the following:
- left eye data tag - (L)
- IOPcc (corneal compensated IOP) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- CH (Corneal Hysteresis) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- IOPg (Goldmann correlated IOP) is a variable length, fixed point format value
- WS (Waveform Score) is a variable length, fixed point format value
• Blank line
• All lines end with <CR> character
• Message ends with an <EOT> character
-continued-
50
16170-101 Rev. F
Appendix A - Serial Data Description
(continued)
Possible Variations in Data
• The date format is set by the user (MDY, DMY or YMD)
• The time format is set by the user (24hr or AM/PM)
• The R and L eye data tags are different for each user selected language but the text length
will always be the same
• Eye side text as follows:
English
R L
French D
German
R L
Spanish
D I
Portuguese
D
E
Italian D S
OD/OS
ODOS
• IOP measurement units are user selectable (mmHg or kPa). For mmHg, measurement
precision is 0.1 mmHg. For kPa, measurement precision is 0.01 kPa.
Sample Data
06/05/2015
1:44 PM
IOPcc CH IOPg WS
(R) 19.8 11.7 21.6 8.1
(L) 19.7 11.8 21.5 7.3
<EOT>
16170-101 Rev. F
51
Manufactured By
Reichert, Inc.
3362 Walden Ave
Depew, NY 14043
USA
Toll Free 888-849-8955
Phone: 716-686-4500
Fax: 716-686-4555
Email: reichert.information@ametek.com
www.reichert.com
Authorized European Representative
AMETEK GmbH
Business Unit Reichert
Carl-von-Linde-Strasse 42
85716 Unterschleissheim/Munich
Germany
Email: info.reichert-de@ametek.com
Tel: +49 (89) 315 8911 0
Fax: +49 (89) 315 891 99
ISO-9001/13485 Certified
16170-101 Rev. F
2016-05-04
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