Network Power Save, Small Network Equipment, Network

Network Power Save, Small Network
Equipment, Network Extenders
Stephen Palm, Ph.D.
Senior Technical Director
Broadcom Corporation
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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT
This presentation may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal
securities laws, including the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking
statements may include the potential growth of the markets in which we compete and the
development status and planned availability of new products. In fact, all statements that we make or
incorporate by reference in the presentation, other than statements or characterizations of historical
fact, are forward-looking statements. It should be clearly understood that these forward-looking
statements, and our assumptions about the factors that influence them, are based on the limited
information available to us at this date. Such information is subject to change, and we may not
inform you when changes occur. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any
forward-looking statement to reflect future events or circumstances.
Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results and are subject to risks,
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materially and adversely from those described in the statements you hear today as a result of
various factors. We refer you to our 10-Qs and other filings with the SEC, including our 10-K ,which
discuss some of the important risk factors that could contribute to such differences or otherwise
affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
For additional financial and statistical information, including the information disclosed in accordance
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Broadcom®, the pulse logo, Connecting everything®, the Connecting everything logo, the 5G WiFi logo, NetXtreme II®, StrataXGS®, VideoCore®, XGS Core®,
XLP®, Xtendnet®, and StrataDNX™ are among the trademarks of Broadcom Corporation and/or its affiliates in the United States, certain other countries and/or the
EU. Any other trademarks or trade names mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
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About Broadcom
A Global Leader in Semiconductors for
Wired and Wireless Communications
One of the Largest Volume Fabless
Semiconductor Suppliers
2014 Net Revenue of $8.43 Billion
Broad IP Portfolio with More than 18,600
U.S. and Foreign Patents and Applications
Founded in 1991
Initial Public Offering in April 1998
(NASDAQ-BRCM)
99.98% of the world's
data traffic passes
through at least one
Broadcom chip
~10,000 Employees Worldwide
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In-Home Video Streaming
Background & Context
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Whole Home Power Management
The entire system is in a low power
state until a consumer action is
initiated
WiFi Tablet
S2
S1
S2
S3
S0
S3
S2
A Gateway only turns on those functions
that are needed when they are needed
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S3
S1
S0
S1
S0
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Network Power Saving Layers
Client can tell a server
which resources it needs.
Other could be put in sleep
Proxy advertises functionality of
a device even if device is asleep
Application
Vidipath video streaming and user interface
Application can Wake
Up a sleeping module
Services /
Resources
Service
Proxy
Video
Tuner
Service
Subscription
HDD
Application can use
1905 to find the most
efficient network link
Connectivity
Control
1905
Wake On
1905
1905
Video
Rcvr
Application can use
1905 to turn off an
unused interface
1905
1905
Multiple modes that save
power (but increase
response time latency)
Connectivity
Wi-Fi
MoCA 2.0
Wi-Fi
MoCA 2.0
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Wi-Fi
MoCA 2.0
HomePlug 2.0
HomePlug
2.0
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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Link Connectivity 2.0 Power States
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Deployed Home Connectivity Technologies
 Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE) is a part of the whole
Home Networking solution
 Most homes do not have Ethernet (CAT-5/6) between rooms
 Even if present, is not always in convenient location
 So most service providers deploy “No New Wires”
connectiviy technologies:
 Wi-Fi – no wires
 HomePlugAV 2.0 / Green PHY
over electrical mains
 MoCA 2.0 over TV/Cable/Satellite
coaxial cabling
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Connectivity Modes
Application
Multiple modes that
save power (but
increase response time
latency)
Services /
Resources
Connectivity
Control
Connectivity
Wi-Fi
MoCA 2.0
Wi-Fi
MoCA 2.0
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HomePlug
Wi-Fi
2.0
MoCA 2.0
HomePlug 2.0
HomePlug
2.0
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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MoCA 2.0 Power States
 M0 (Active):
 Normal Operating Mode
 Full Functionality
 M1 (Low Power Idle):
 Receive Only Mode
 Node stays “ranged” on the network,
but does not transmit data packets
 M2 (Standby):
 Monitors Beacons every 10ms – 100ms
 Minimal active state, but has a relatively fast path for
readmission
 M3 (Sleep):
 Issues Heartbeat every 1 – 255 seconds
 Inactive state, but Network Controller reserves the
Sleeping Node’s place on the network
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Hybrid Networking
IEEE 1905 nVoy
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No Single Connectivity Technology Has 100%
Coverage in Every Region in Every Home




Only 11% of homes have CAT5
Part of a home may be on the other PLC phase reducing performance
Wi-Fi coverage is dependent on construction and density
Coax not in every room
Coax Outlets
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Phone Outlets
Single Wi-Fi Coverage
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Combine the best
 Combine the best coverage of each technology
 Add robustness and fallback
 Increase coverage
Total Coverage
Coverage
Single Wi-Fi Coverage
1905.1 nVoy Hybrid Technology
ETHERNET
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Network Extenders
WiFi Tablet
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Extenders to Reduce Dead Areas
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Hybrid Networking Features
Best Path Selection, Link Aggregation, and Failover
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IEEE 1905 Key Features
 Topology Discovery
 Diagnostics via TR-69/TR-181
 Enabler for enhanced path selection
 Enabler for enhanced power management (by optimizing
network power usage across different technologies)




Use the most efficient interface
Allows changing the state of one interface through another interface
Power state change - Turn off unnecessary interfaces
Turn on interfaces when needed
 Report an interface in Toplogy even if off/saving power
 Extensibility: Other network technologies are supported
by an extensible mechanism using an IEEE OUI and XML
formatted document.
 ZigBee, Bluetooth, etc can now be discovered in IEEE 1905
 Higher Layer Reporting
 IPv4/IPv6 address(es) and server
 Friendly Name
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IEEE 1905 nVoy Connectivity Control
Application
Vidipath video streaming and user interface
Application can
use 1905 to find
the most efficient
network link
Services /
Resources
Connectivity
Control
1905
Wake On
1905
1905
HomePlug
2.0
Connectivity
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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1905
1905
MoCA 2.0
HomePlug 2.0
HomePlug
2.0
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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IEEE 1905 nVoy Connectivity Control
Application
Vidipath video streaming and user interface
Application can
use 1905 to turn off
an unused
interface
Services /
Resources
Connectivity
Control
1905
Wake On
1905
1905
HomePlug
2.0
Connectivity
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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1905
1905
MoCA 2.0
HomePlug 2.0
HomePlug
2.0
MoCA 2.0
MoCA 2.0
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Future: The IoT Effect
 IoT-enabled devices sense, monitor or control devices using a
network connection.
 IoT devices add sensing and Ambient Intelligence to the power
saving network.
 Being battery powered compels devices to keep the power
consumption as low as possible.
 Sleep modes
 Smart use of transmit/receive radio up time.
 Examples
 Connected sensors can now tell when a user leaves a space while watching a
show and can migrate that show to a nearby device, while putting the first
device in a power save mode.
 Hot water for a shower or coffee can be heated just as the user stirs from
sleep, instead of keep the water hot at all times.
 IoT standards will be the first to benefit from network power save
from the beginning.
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Connect and Manage IoT Devices
from Gateway
Home Security, Health, Automation Devices Integrated into
Gateways and STBs
 Connect Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and
ZigBee devices directly to local
STB to save power and
increase coverage
 Reuse existing Gateway and
STB hardware to deliver
additional services
 Control devices locally for low
latency
 Aggregate data into the cloud
 IEEE 1905 nVoy discovers all
devices on home network
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Use Presence to Personalize
Detect Individuals to Provide Personalized Content
Choices and Preferences
 BLE Beaconing to smartphones
determines content choices, user
interface and customization
 Phones and wearables indicate
user presence to STBs
 Discover and track location of all
devices beaconing in the home
 Personalize content choices and
preferences
 Connect primary and secondary
screens
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Ambient Intelligence
Orange: REST Commands
Blue: Bluetooth Beacons
Green: DLNA DMR/DNC Actions
Black Line: Trellis RPC (JSON over TCP)
IoT Aggregator /
Controller
(Node Server)
Identity /
Location
Manager
DLNA
DMC
Gateway
Trellis RPC call
instruction to display
notification and stream
security camera
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Mobile
Device
DLNA Action
to stream
movie
Bluetooth Beacon
information
and NFC tag verb
sent over Wi-Fi
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Open Standards for AV Network Power Saving
 MoCA 2.0, HomePlug AV2, Wi-Fi
 DLNA Low Power /
UPnP EnergyManagment Service
 http://upnp.org/specs/lp/energymanagement1/
 IEEE 1905.1 nVoy
 http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/1905/1/
 http://nVoy.org
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Thank You
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