Traffic and Safety Rules

AirportAcademy
/Traffic and
Safety Rules
for the non-public area at
Munich Airport
Connecting lives
Introduction/foreword
Ladies and Gentlemen
The first traffic rules for the non-public area of Munich
­Airport were established over thirty years ago. Since then,
these binding rules have applied to the conduct of operators
of vehicles of all kind, as well as pedestrians towards each
other on the aprons and service roads of the airport.
Due to the constantly increasing stipulations on the part
of the legislator as well as the responsible supervisory and
approval authorities, we now need to amend the traffic
rules that have applied unchanged for ten years in line with
these. Since the subjects of Occupational Health and Safety
(see Chapter J) and the Safety Management System (see
Chapter K) are equally as important as the traffic rules,
­Flughafen München GmbH has decided in future to publish
the »Traffic and Safety Rules for the non-public area at
­Munich Airport« as a binding reference for all road users at
the airport.
In addition to the familiar traffic rules, chapters dealing with
»Personal accident protection and accident prevention«,
the »Safety Management System« and a »Catalogue of
measures at Flughafen München GmbH« have also been
­incorporated.
As a user of the apron, you are required to familiarise yourself
thoroughly with the provisions set out in this brochure, and to
comply with them at all times.
The airport operator reserves the right to check compliance
with the rules and to follow up any infringements.
Flughafen München GmbH wishes you all a good and safe
journey at Munich Airport.
Dr. Michael Kerkloh
Chairman of the Board of Management and
Labour Director
3
4
Table of contents
Table of contents
3
5
Introduction/foreword
Table of contents
6
7
7
7
A. General information
8
B. Rules of conduct and general
safety regulations
1. Principles
2. Non-public area – definitions
3. Emergency numbers
10
10
11
C. Rules governing the right of way
12
12
12
13
13
D. Roads
14
E. Aircraft parking stand
15
15
15
15
F. Docking Guidance System
16
G. Special weather conditions
17
H. Manoeuvring area
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
I. Miscellaneous
1. Principles
2. Special rights
1. Roads
2. Stopping and parking
3. Roads in the taxiing area
4. Taxiways on the apron
1. Docking Guidance System
2. FOD check (Foreign Object Damage)
3. Clearing of an aircraft parking stand,
equipped with a Docking Guidance System
1. Passenger transport and loading
2. Pedestrians and cyclists
3. Foreign Object Damage (FOD)
4. Traffic obstructions
5. Conduct after an accident
6. Traffic monitoring
20
22
22
23
25
26
30
30
32
34
36
42
42
43
44
46
47
48
50
52
53
54
55
J. Personal accident protection
and accident prevention
K. Safety Management System (SMS)
1. Safety guidelines
2. Accessibility
Annex 1: Traffic signs and information signs
Annex 2: Markings
Annex 3: Safety zones
1. Intake and exhaust zones
2. Safety zone around a parked aircraft
3. Refuelling and defuelling
Annex 4: Guide man hand signals
Annex 5: Safety and health protection signs
1. Prohibition signs
2. Mandatory signs
3. Warning signs
4. Emergency and first aid signs
5. Fire protection signs
Annex 6: Catalogue of measures at Flughafen
München GmbH
Annex 7: Glossary
Annex 8: Co-applicable provisions, regulations and
laws
Severability clause
Validity
Imprint
5
6
/A. General information
General information
1.
Principles
1.1. These traffic and safety rules apply
to all users when walking or driving on
the non-public area at Munich Airport.
1.2. The instructions of the Airport
Ramp Supervisor and authorised ­offices
of Flughafen München GmbH (FMG)
must be followed. This also ­applies
to Federal and District Police, to the
­aviation ­authority Luftamt Süd, to
­customs and to other authorities
­exercising their sovereign duties.
1.3. Radio communication and the use
of radio equipment take place according
to the relevant guidelines.
1.4. Flughafen München GmbH may
restrict or block stays and traffic in the
non-public area for operational reasons.
Airport Operations reserves the right to
introduce special regulations in exceptional and special cases (e.g. winter
service, construction work).
1.5. Anybody staying on airport
­manoeuvring and apron areas must wear
high visibility clothing in accordance
with EN ISO 20471 (at least Class 2)
(see page 7, A. General information,
2.1. and 2.2.).
2.
Non-public area –
definitions
2.1. Manoeuvring area
The manoeuvring area is the part of the
airport used for take-off, landing and
taxiing of aircraft, but does not include
the aprons (see page 17, H. Manoeuvring
area).
2.2. Apron
The apron is a defined area that is set
aside for aircraft so that passengers
can embark or disembark, for loading
and unloading baggage, cargo or post,
for refuelling, parking or for maintenance work.
2.3. Roads
Roads and parking spaces are all
areas set aside for moving and
­stationary road traffic.
Ring service roads are the roads in
the manoeuvring area. It is only permitted to drive on these with special
authorisation (see page 8, B. Rules of
conduct and general safety regulations,
5.5.).
7
3.
Emergency numbers
Fire service Police Medical
service
Airport
Operations
Airport
Security
Internal
network
(FMG)
Public fixed
line and mobile network
112 110 089-975-112
089-975-110
112 089-975-112
111 089-975-111
113 089-975-113
The medical service is alerted by the
fire service.
Please note: If you only dial 110 or
112 in the public network (e.g. on a
mobile phone), you will be connected
to an external control centre!
8
/B. Rules of conduct and general
safety regulations
1.
Anybody entering or driving on the
non-public area of the airport must behave in a way that does not hurt others,
put any other person at risk or obstruct
and bother them more than is unavoid­
able under the circumstances.
2.
4.
The maximum speed is restricted to
30 km/h unless otherwise specified.
In the safety zone around parked
­aircraft and in buildings, a walking pace
(maximum 6 km/h) must be complied
with. Speed must be reduced further
where necessary!
Coming to work under the influence of
alcohol or in any other intoxicated state,
and consuming or bringing alcoholic
drinks or intoxicating substances into
the company is prohibited.
5.
Taking medicine that might impair
­occupational health and safety (e.g.
­reactions or driving ability) must be
agreed with a doctor or pharmacist, and
the employer must be informed of this.
Where necessary the medical service
must be consulted!
5.1. A driving permit is required for unaccompanied driving in the non-public
area (airside driving licence). The airside
driving licence must be kept with you
at all times. Regular random checks
are conducted by the Airport Ramp
Supervisor. The Flughafen München
GmbH Airport Academy is solely re­
spons­ible for ­training courses and
­issuing the airside driving licence.
3.
Smoking and naked flames are not
­allowed on the non-public area, which
includes vehicles and the driver’s cabs
on equipment. Smoking is only permitted
in designated areas.
Safety instruction is required for unaccompanied access to the non-public
area. More information is provided
­separately.
5.2. The vehicle operator must be in a
position to operate vehicles, prove that
he has been briefed or trained on the
type of vehicle in question and must
be familiar with its use and operation.
The driver must be in possession of an
official driving licence – at least with
Class 3 or B. The vehicle operator and
the vehicle owner are both responsible
for complying with these rules.
Vehicle owners and vehicle operators
are responsible for ensuring that vehicles
that are not licensed for general public
road use (vehicles without number
plates) are as roadworthy and safe to
operate as is stipulated for licensed
­vehicles.
Every driver must check that the vehicle
is in a roadworthy and safe condition
when taking over the vehicle.
5.3. Persons carrying out guiding tasks
must be in possession of an authorisation for this work in the non-public area
of the airport.
5.4. Persons supervising construction
work on the aprons, the aircraft parking
stands and in the manoeuvring area in
the non-public part of the airport must
have corres­ponding training.
5.5. A special permit from the Airport
Operations in the form of a plaque to
be affixed to the vehicle windscreen
is required when driving on the ring
service roads to the north and south
of the apron areas (see page 7,
A. General information, 2.3.).
Rules of conduct and general safety regulations
6.
The use of vehicles must be kept to an
absolute minimum. Leaving the engine
running unnecessarily is not permitted.
7.
When driving in the non-public area,
all drivers must keep to the roads.
8.
Changes in driving direction must be
­indicated in time. Special caution
­applies when driving past or overtaking
baggage/cargo tractors. The 30 km/h
speed limit is also binding when overtaking.
9.
Depositing and leaving objects that
­obstruct traffic is prohibited. You must
clear anything that obstructs traffic, or
have this cleared. If this is not possible
immediately, safeguards must be
­implemented. The Airport Ramp Supervisor (Tel. 21155) must be informed.
10.
Under no circumstances is it permitted
to drive over cables and hose connections, in particular those used as supply
connections for aircraft.
11.
The minimum distance that must be
maintained when driving past pedes­
trians, vehicles and equipment must
more than 1 metre. Speed must be
adapted accordingly.
12.
It is not permitted to park and leave
­vehicles, to place objects and equipment
behind vehicles that can only reverse
out, or for people to stand behind such
vehicles.
13.
It is not permitted to park and leave
­vehicles and equipment under the
­fuselage or wings of aircraft unless
­absolutely necessary to reach the connections or operating elements on the
aircraft. The vehicle must be driven
as slow as possible.
14.
If the driver cannot see good enough to
manoeuvre safely, he must be guided.
This applies to driving forwards or to
r­eversing.
9
15.
The taxiing area must be free from all
kinds of obstructions when an aircraft
is approaching. Everybody engaged in
hand­ling must stay behind the red lines
of the aircraft parking stand until the
engines and anti-collision lights have
been switched off. Exception: passenger
bridges already in place (see pages
­26–28, Annex 2: Markings, and pages
30–34, Annex 3: Safety zones, 2.1.).
16.
Before the start of handling, an aircraft
must be secured by means of chocks.
17.
Special rules apply to certain vehicles.
These rules are binding for the operation and deployment of these vehicles.
10
/C. Rules governing the right of way
1.
Principles
1.1. The following order applies to the right of way:
1.1.1. Taxiing aircraft, »Follow-Me« vehicles with their red
warning lights and towed aircraft have priority over other
­vehicles.
1.1.1.
1.1.2. Emergency response vehicles with blue warning lights
and siren take priority over all other vehicle traffic.
1.1.2.
1.1.3. Passengers on foot on the way to/from an aircraft take
priority over all vehicles.
1.1.3.
1.1.4. Vehicles already on roads have right of way over vehicles
driving onto the roads. Building and hall exits fundamentally
have less priority.
1.1.5. At crossings and junctions of roads and generally when
driving at the airport, the right of way rule is »right before
left«, unless the right of way is otherwise regulated by traffic
signs.
1.1.4.
Rules governing the right of way
11
2.
Special rights
2.1.
2.1. Emergency response vehicles with their blue or red
­warn­ing lights switched on are exempted from the speed limit
and can leave the roads when necessary. They must be given
free passage by other vehicles stopping, slowing down,
relinquish­ing the right of way and driving over to the right or
other measures.
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.2. Emergency vehicles with their yellow warning lights
on may leave the roads when their deployment so requires
and they have been given approval to do this. Winter service
vehicle on duty take priority over other vehicles.
2.3. Other vehicles with their yellow warning lights on ­signify
a special traffic situation without privileges. They should be
given special consideration. In particular it is p
­ rohibited to
drive between vehicles in a guided convoy.
2.4. The use of the yellow warning lights must be kept to an
absolute minimum.
2.5. The use of the blue, red or yellow warning lights does not
release the driver from the duty to pay attention to the safety
of other traffic.
12
/D. Roads
1.
Roads
1.1. Roads are marked by kerbs or by
continuous white lines. They are separated from taxiways by double white
lines. Drivers are obliged to stay on
­roads.
1.2. If the destination is away from
­roads (aircraft parking stands, equipment parking areas, buildings etc.),
the marked road must be used for
as long as possible.
1.3. Vehicles must respect the cordons
and safeguards placed round areas by
vehicles with warning lights switched
on. It is not permitted to bypass the
cordoned off area.
2.
Stopping and parking
2.1. Vehicles and equipment may only
be parked on designated areas with
brakes on.
2.2. The vehicles must be secured
against unauthorised use. Engines of
parked vehicles must be turned off.
2.3. There is an absolute ban on parking
and stopping on all aircraft taxiways,
in the area of fire service exits and fire
service access roads, in front of emergency exits, bus drives, emergency
­gates in security fences, entrances
and exits to buildings, in the taxi in and
taxi out path of aircraft parking stands
and in the escape path of fuel trucks
and above tank pits (see pages 26-28,
­Annex 2: Markings and pages 30-34,
Annex 3: Safety zones).
Roads
3.
Roads in the taxiing area
4.
Taxiways on the apron
3.1. Roads in the taxiing area are the
sections of roads that cross taxiways.
4.1. Taxiways are used by taxiing
aircraft. They are separated from other
apron areas by one red or two contin­u­
ous white lines.
3.2. Roads in the taxiing area are marked
by a »STOP for taxiing aircraft« road
sign and by offset dotted lane marking.
Additionally their start and end is marked by an unbroken red line and
a white stop line.
3.3. It is only permitted to drive on
­roads in the taxiing area if this does not
obstruct or endanger taxiing aircraft
traffic. These sections of roads must be
used with greater caution. The roads in
the taxiing area may not be crossed
when an aircraft is less than 150 metres
away from the crossing. All vehicles
must then wait in front of the »STOP for
aircraft taxiing traffic« road sign and
give the aircraft right of way. Driving
on roads in the taxiing area is only
­permitted inside the marked area (see
pages 30-34, Annex 3: Safety zones).
4.2. The taxiways may only be crossed
using the roads in the taxiing area.
4.3. Signal systems in the taxiway area:
signalling to the roads in the ­taxiing
area takes place when there is restricted
visibility. This takes place using bright
red stop bars set in the ground across
the direction of travel.
4.4. Walking on the taxiways is per­
mitted only, when accompanying an
aircraft (Walk-Out-Assistance or PushBack-­Assistance). The time spent on
the ­taxiway in these cases should be
kept to a minimum. You must always
take the shortest path when leaving the
taxiway.
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14
/E. Aircraft parking stand
1.
The aircraft parking stand is delineated
either by red lines or red and white lines
which separate the area from the
­taxiway edge, the road lane markings
or the parking areas.
2.
Driving on the stand area is funda­
mentally only permitted for ground
handling purposes, and then at a
­walking pace.
3.
The escape routes on the aircraft must
always be kept free.
4.
The fuel truck escape lanes must ­always
be kept free.
5.
Special caution is required when aircraft
are taxiing to and from the stands.
6.
Aircraft that want to taxi from a stand
or to be towed or pushed by aircraft
pushback tractors can be recognised by
the fact that the »anti-collision lights«
and/or the red warning lights on the tow
tractor are switched on and the chocks
have been removed.
7.
Markings in the stand area must always
be payed attention to.
8.
The safety zone around a parked aircraft
is restricted by an imaginary line running around the plane at a d
­ istance
of 4 metres from the tip of the wings,
nose and tail of the aircraft. The only
vehicles and equipment that may be
parked in this area are those required
for ground handling and technical
main­tenance of the aircraft. Other
­vehicles must be parked outside the
safety zone (see page 32, Annex 3:
­Safety zones, 2.2.).
9.
Vehicles must drive at walking pace in
the aircraft safety zone.
10.
Parking in the operating area of passenger boarding bridges and in the red
crosshatched area is prohibited at all
times. It is fundamentally not permitted
to drive underneath passenger boarding
bridges.
Aircraft parking stand, Docking Guidance System
15
/F. Docking Guidance System
1.
Docking Guidance System
The Docking Guidance System helps
the pilot to position his aircraft on the
aircraft parking stand using the light
indicator. When the ­Docking Guidance
System has been activated (the taxiing
line has been illuminated), the parking
position is allocated within a few min­
utes. From this point in time, vehicles
are no longer allowed to drive into the
stand.
2.
FOD check
(Foreign Object Damage)
Before clearing the aircraft parking
stand, the stand must be checked for
any ­objects or damage. The same
­applies before leaving the stand at the
end of the work assignment.
3. Clearing of an aircraft
­parking stand, equipped
with a Docking Guidance
System
3.1. Before an aircraft taxis in, each
aircraft stand, equipped with a D
­ ocking
Guidance System must be activated at
the operator panel.
3.2. Only a delegated and authorised
person may activate the Docking
­Guidance System of an aircraft parking
stand. The process must be monitored
by this person until the aircraft has
come to a complete stop.
3.3. The activation of the Docking
­Guidance System is subject to a prior
check that there are no obstructions
in the aircraft stand as well as a FOD
check of the area (Foreign Object
­Damage).
3.4. While the aircraft is taxiing in, it
is essential to ensure that the aircraft
is unobstructed at all times. Where
necessary the taxiing procedure must
be interrupted by pressing the emergency stop button on the operator
­panel.
3.5. If, contrary to rules, there is no
­notification or delayed activation of
the Docking Guidance System by the
self-­handler or service provider, the
­airport operator sends a Marshaller to
the aircraft park­ing stand. Where the
­Marshaller does not carry out the noti­
fication and the adherence to it himself,
he is authorised to give instructions
to the self-handler or service provider
about the requisite action.
16
/G. Special weather conditions
1.
When there is a risk of lightning
­(thunder storms) over the airport, the
relevant service providers are respons­
ible for passing on information in their
area about interrupt handling on the
apron and all other outdoor work.
The instruction to the service providers
involved to stop the handling operation
is communicated using suitable media.
During the interruption of handling
­operations, people are not permitted
to stay outside. Airport Authorities
­notify the resumption of handling
­operations.
2.
In strong winds, equipment and vehicles
must be specially secured according
to the manufacturer’s or owner’s guidelines.
3.
When it is dark, if there is bad weather
and road conditions and when there is
poor visibility in the daytime (e.g. fog,
heavy rain or snow):
¬ switch lights (dipped headlights) on
and
¬ adapt speed and driving to the
­prevailing conditions.
Special weather conditions, Manoeuvring area
17
/H. Manoeuvring area
(Definition see page 7, A. General
­information, 2. Non-public area –
­definitions, 2.1 Manoeuvring area
1.
The manoeuvring area is used to handle
flight operations. Refer to the »Übersichtsplan Verkehrsbereiche« to see the
boundaries of the manoeuvring area.
2.
It is only permitted to enter and drive
on the manoeuvring area with a valid
manoeuvring area driving licence and
prior consent of the Airport Authorities
of Flughafen München GmbH.
3.
Control tower (DFS-TWR) clearance
must be obtained before driving on the
manoeuvring area (registration of entry
and departure are required). A constant
radio connection must be guaranteed.
A training is required for radio communication.
4.
All vehicles in the manoeuvring area
must be fitted with a transponder for
identification purposes.
5.
Vehicles must have their warning lights
switched on.
6.
Training for the manoeuvring area
­driving licence and training on radio
communication with the control tower
is ­provided and conducted by the
­Airport Academy of Flughafen München
GmbH.
18
/I. Miscellaneous
1.
Passenger transport and
loading
1.1. Persons may only be transported
using the vehicles certified for this
­purpose.
1.2. The vehicle must be safely loaded.
Before starting the journey, the driver
must ensure that the load has been
correctly secured.
1.3. The permissible trailer loads of tow
vehicles must not be exceeded. These
are regulated on a case by case basis
by the owner.
1.4. Restraining mechanisms must be
used (use of seat belts).
2.
Pedestrians and cyclists
2.1. Pedestrians must use the walkways
provided.
2.2. The crossing of taxiways is
­prohibited.
2.3. Pedestrians and cyclists may only
use the roads in immediate proximity
to the building area. The use of bicycles
must be approved by Airport Authorities.
It is not permitted to ­access or drive on
the roads in the taxiway area.
3.
Foreign Object Damage
(FOD)
Anybody who sees foreign objects on
the apron, that could potentially cause
damage (screws, lugs, suitcase handles,
lashing straps etc.) must pick them up
and dispose of them in the designated
waste bins. The intentional depositing
of debris will be penalised!
Miscellaneous
4.
Traffic obstructions
6.
Traffic monitoring
The perpetrator of situations that
­obstruct traffic must clear these or
have them cleared without delay. If this
is not possible immediately, he must
initiate safeguarding measures. The
­Airport Ramp Supervisors (Tel. 21155)
must be informed directly.
6.1. Appropriately trained employees
of Flughafen München GmbH from
the Airport Ramp Supervisors and the
Airport Security department and who
have domiciliary rights shall be exclusively responsible for checking compliance with traffic and general safety
­rules in the non-­public area of Munich
Airport.
5.
Conduct after an accident
5.1. All accidents and damage incidents
must be reported immediately to
¬ Airport Operations (Tel. 111)
and the
¬ Airport Security Operations Centre
(Tel. 113)
(see page 7, A. General information,
3. Emergency numbers).
5.2. The site of the accident must be
left unaltered and must be safeguarded.
6.2. The officers eligible to conduct
checks are authorised to prevent
­drivers whose driving may constitute
a hazard (e.g. influence of alcohol,
­breaches of rules, unsafe vehicles)
from continuing their journey. In such
cases, the apron driving licence may
be withdrawn by the authorising officer.
6.3. Authorising officers may issue
­instructions and warnings when the
traffic rules in the non-public area of
Munich Airport are breached.
5.3. For accidents involving personal
injury, it is also necessary to inform the
¬ Fire service (Tel. 112)
and the
¬ Police (Tel. 110)
(see page 7, A. General information,
3. Emergency numbers).
Breaches of the traffic rules are
­penalised according to the Flughafen
München GmbH catalogue of measures
(see pages 48-49, Annex 6: Catalogue
of measures at Flughafen München
GmbH).
5.4. Those involved in the accident and
any witnesses must remain at the scene
of the accident so that statements can
be taken.
6.4. In the case of culpable breaches,
the perpetrator must reimburse any
ensuing administration costs to
­Flughafen München GmbH. This shall not
affect any further claims for damages.
19
6.5. In addition, Flughafen München
GmbH reserves the right to revoke
­permission to access and drive on the
non-public area of the airport according
to the rules governing the use of the
airport.
20
/J. Personal accident protection and
­accident prevention
The employer must familiarise employ­
ees with all applicable regulations by
means of regular briefing.
1.
It is mandatory to comply with all
­applicable laws, ordinances, regulations,
rules and instructions. These refer in
particular to the following in their
­current form:
¬ The Occupational Health and Safety
Act (Arbeitsschutzgesetz)
¬ The Occupational Safety Act
(Arbeitssicherheitsgesetz)
¬ Industrial Safety Regulations
(Betriebssicherheitsverordnung)
¬ The Noise and Vibration Health and
Safety Regulation (Lärm- und
­Vibrations-Arbeitsschutzverordnung
¬ The ordinance on the use of Personal
Protective Equipment (Persönliche
Schutzausrüstung-Benutzungs­
verordnung)
¬ The Workplace Ordinance
(Arbeitsstättenverordnung)
¬ The Accident Prevention Regulations
(Unfallverhütungsvorschriften)
¬ Statutory accident insurance
¬ Working and operating instructions
¬ Technical rules for workplaces – safety
and signs (ASR A 1.3)
¬ Airport Rules and Regulations for
­Munich Airport
(Flughafenbenutzungs­ordung).
2.
Current hazard assessments must be
present in the company and known to
all employees.
3.
All employees who work in the non-­
public area of the airport are, insofar as
possible, responsible for their safety
and health protection. They must support all measures aimed at occupational
health and safety. Before using facilities,
work equipment and working materials,
everybody must check whether there
are any safety-related defects and which
protective measures are required.
4.
Equipment and machinery may only
be used correctly and according to the
manufacturer’s instructions. A reasonable visible inspection and function test
must be conducted before use.
5.
If any technical defects are noticed,
all further use is prohibited. Defective
equipment, facilities and installations
must be reported immediately in line
with internal procedures, and must be
removed from operation.
Personal accident protection and accident prevention
6.
Before accessing the danger areas of
devices, vehicles or installations, clear
coordination with the equipment/vehicle
or installation operator is absolutely
­essential. Taking unauthorised persons
with you on equipment or vehicles is
strictly prohibited.
7.
The personal protective equipment
must be used.
8.
Noise protection
Noise is a substantial stress factor in
the workplace. Great noise impact or
continuous noise can make people ill
or have a negative effect on their performance. The aircraft parking stands
are classified as a noisy area due to the
noise emissions recorded. It is compulsory to wear hearing protection, which
must be provided and checked by the
employer.
21
22
/K. Safety Management System (SMS)
The Safety Management System (SMS)
at Munich Airport is a system that
­operates throughout the company, and
which takes account of aviation safety
at Munich Airport. Risks related to
­aviation that are directly or indirectly
connected to the operation of aircraft
must be reduced to a reasonable degree
and monitored.
The Safety Management System at
­Munich Airport is operated by Flughafen
München GmbH and is compulsory for
all companies, authorities and institutions executing tasks in the non-public
area of the airport as part of their
­activities and services, and is regulated
in the rules governing the use of the
­airport.
The objective of the SMS is to guarantee
standards of aviation safety at Munich
Airport that go beyond the statutory
­minimum requirements.
1.
Safety guidelines
The safety guidelines of the Safety
­Management System describe the
­general Flughafen München GmbH
­guidelines on operational safety; they
contain the following guidelines:
¬ To ensure and maintain correct and
safe operation on the basis of national
and international guidelines and »best
practice« as a corporate principle.
¬ To be guided by the highest
­international safety standards (ICAO
and EASA). Binding legal regulations
are to be ­viewed as the minimum
­requirement.
¬ To take part in boosting the safety of
the overall aviation system through
active participation in international
technical committees aimed at the
further development of international
standards and approaches.
¬ To prevent dangers to aviation or
­hazards to public safety and order
­resulting from aviation, and to protect
the physical well-being of the employ­
ees of the airport operator or its partners and passengers as the primary
aim, taking precedence over achieving
economic objectives and environmental protection.
¬ T he duty of systematic and forwardlooking development of safety standards on the basis of findings arising
from accidents and incidents.
¬ T he fundamental principle of all
­corporate activity on the part of the
airport operator is to limit the dangers
of aircraft operation or those arising
from air traffic to the lowest possible
amount.
Safety Management System (SMS)
¬ The Safety Management System
­creates a safety culture that is lived
jointly by the employees of the airport
operator and its partners (service
­providers).
2.
Accessibility
¬ Flughafen München GmbH provides
the necessary resources for effective
implementation of the declared safety
policy of the company.
The officer responsible for the Safety
­Management System can be reached
by phone on 089-975-21450
or by email at safety@munich-airport.de.
¬ The safety policy of Flughafen München
GmbH, and in particular the specifications of the SMS, are binding on all
employees and all companies working
at Munich Airport.
The Flughafen München GmbH SMS is
described in detail in the SMS manual.
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24
Annex 1: Traffic signs and information signs
25
/Annex 1:
Traffic signs and information signs
As well as all of the familiar traffic signs used on public roads,
the additional signs shown below are deployed on the airport
premises.
The following traffic signs merely depict the most important
signs for the airport. There are a number of other signs
which are also used on public roads. All of these signs must
be heeded.
If, due to lack of space or other reasons, no traffic signs
can be erected, the traffic signs painted on the road apply.
1.
2.
3.
4.
The maximum speed is 30 km/h.
Aircraft parking stand indicator
STOP sign for aircraft taxiing traffic when an aircraft is
intersecting and is at a distance of approx. 150 metres.
Ring service road: use only permitted with permit
(»R« plaque).
26
/Annex 2: Markings
There are clearly defined international rules on marking
aircraft parking positions, taxiways, roads, parking spaces
and other airport areas. You are likely to come up against
the following signs repeatedly:
1.
Red line
Meaning: Separates an aircraft parking stand.
Separates special areas (e.g. tank pits).
3.
White line
Meaning: Area on which vehicles or equipment may be parked.
Separates roads (roadside marking).
4.
Double white line
Meaning: Separates a road from a taxiway edge.
These lines may fundamentally not be crossed.
2.
Red, crosshatched line
Meaning: Y
ou are not allowed to stop, park or drive
on these areas.
Note!
Red/white line
A combination of a red
and white line with
­corresponding meanings!
Annex 2: Markings
5.
Offset dotted white line
Meaning: Taxiing area road. Road in the area of aircraft taxiing surfaces with offset dotted white lines
and white stop lines at the beginning and end.
6.
Navigating lines for aircraft taxiing traffic
Yellow, blue or orange line
27
28
/Annex 2: Markings
7.
Marked car parking spaces
8.
White, crosshatched surfaces
Meaning: M
ovement or blocked areas
Area to be kept free at all times!
9.
White zigzag line
Meaning: Tow route
Aircraft fuel truck escape lane
Area to be kept free at all times!
10.
Other
Bus lanes
Baggage area entrances
or exits
Annex 2: Markings
29
30
/Annex 3: Safety zones
1.
Intake and exhaust zones
1.1. The safety distances for exhaust
zones on stationary aircraft with engine
running idle or with taxi power refer to
the area behind the tail. The width of the
safety zones must at least equal the
wingspan of the aircraft. Every person
involved in aircraft handling must heed
the intake and exhaust safety zones
­according to the aircraft type and to
­ensure that per­sonnel and equipment
are outside of these zones (particularly
when the sign is given to start the
­engines).
Warning: If the safety zones cannot be
complied with due to urgent operational
reasons (e.g. provision of handling
equipment), a shorter safety distance is
possible if people are not in danger as a
result and the vehicles and equipment
have been adequately protected against
the jet blast.
1.2. The safety distances in the table
below apply to the individual aircraft
­types:
Aircraft type, e.g.
Widebody
aircraft
Exhaust zones
Idle power
Taxi power
5m
20 m
20 m
B717, B737,
A318, A319,
A320, A321,
MD80
7.5 m
55 m
100 m
CRJ, BA46,
E145, E170,
E190, E195
4.5 m
30 m
60 m
B747, B757, B767,
A300, A310, A330,
A340, A350, MD11,
IL86
7.5 m
75 m
125 m
A380, B777,
B787, A124
7.5 m
75 m
150 m
Propeller/Turboprop
aircraft
Narrowbody
aircraft
Intake zones
1.3. Never enter or drive through the
­rotating range of propellers!
1.4. During power back procedures,
the safety distance in the table applies
to the distance ahead the engines.
Annex 3: Safety zones
150 m
75 m
Taxi power
Idle power
7.5 m
7.5 m
7.5 m
Intake zones ahead engines; exhaust zones behind the engines
7.5 m
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32
/Annex 3: Safety zones
2.
Safety zone around a parked aircraft
2.1. The engines must be turned off and
the anti-collision lights switched off
­before chocks can be positioned and
the ground power supply connected to
the aircraft (see pages 8-9, B. Rules of
conduct and general safety regulations,
15.).
4 m
4 m
2.2. The safety zone is restricted by an
imaginary line – the safety stop line –
which runs around the aircraft 4 metres
away from the wing, nose and tail
(see page 14, E: Aircraft parking
stand, 8.).
2.3. It is only permitted to enter or
drive on this zone if this is necessary
for aircraft handling.
2.4. The maximum speed in this zone
is walking pace.
2.5. Extreme care must be taken
when manoeuvring vehicles with towed
equipment.
2.6. Vehicle movements must be at
right angles to the roll axis where
­possible.
4 m
4 m
Annex 3: Safety zones
33
2.7. When starting the aircraft engines,
no v­ ehicle or equipment may be situ­
ated in the area of the emergency exits
and passenger doors once the passenger stairs or bridge have been removed.
It must be ensured that the emergency
slides can be unfolded without obstruction in an emergency.
1m
8m
Space that must
be kept free in front
of passenger doors:
Space that must
be kept free
next to passenger doors
(left and right):
Narrowbody aircraft
8m
1m
Widebody aircraft
12 m
2m
Airbus A380
16 m
2m
34
/Annex 3: Safety zones
3.
Refuelling and defuelling
No vehicles (with the exception of air­
craft fuel trucks) may be parked in the
areas of the fuel vent during refuelling
and defuelling. This area covers at least
3 metres around the fuel vent openings
(see diagram).
The emergency switch on the underfloor
hydrant must be pressed if there is any
damage to the refuelling system during
refuelling of aircraft, and the fire service
must be notified (Tel. 112). Tank stop
­switches are found on all light poles and
on the control panel for the Docking
Guidance System.
3.1. The forward escape route for the
fuel truck must not be moved.
3.5. The following measures must be
taken if fuel comes out:
¬ Alert the fire service/Airport Opera3.2. A distance of at least 1 metre must
tions (Tel. 112/111) (see page 7,
be kept to fuel truck that are refuelling
A. General information, 3. Emergency
an aircraft.
numbers)
¬ Actuate fire alarm if there is an acute
3.3. Extended cables and hoses must
fire risk
not be driven over.
¬ Do not drive through the run out fuel
¬ Do not start vehicles that are standing
3.4. Emergency exits and passenger
in fuel puddles or drive them away.
doors must always be kept free while
aircraft are being refuelled.
Radius = 3 m
Radius = 3 m
Radius = 3 m
Aircraft with a trim tank in the vertical stabiliser (e.g. Airbus A330, A340, A380 or Boeing 747)
have an additional fuel vent on the right-hand horizontal stabiliser.
Annex 3: Safety zones
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36
/Annex 4: Guide man hand signals
In accordance with IATA IGOM 4th Edition
1.
Reversing in the safety zone around
a parked aircraft is particularly
hazardous. Extra caution is required
here.
2.
Reversing is only permitted when the
circumstances at the location do not
allow the vehicle to drive forwards.
4.
7.
5.
8.
Reversing is only permitted at the
­lowest possible speed.
If his view to the back is blocked or
­hindered by the design, load or other
circumstances, the driver must be
­guided.
6.
When reversing, the driver must be
­certain that his path is free from
­obstacles.
The guide man must be certain that
the path behind the vehicle is free.
­While reversing, the driver must look at
the guide man at all times and must
drive according to the signals given.
Meaning:
Explanation:
To attract operator’s attention and take
command.
¬ Arms above the head
¬ Palms of hands facing forwards
3.
Note:
I’m in charge of this maneuver
You will take orders only from me
Meaning:
Explanation:
Forwards movement
¬ Arms at shoulder height
¬ Palms facing to the back
¬ Repeated waving upwards and
­backwards
Drive towards the guide man
The guide man must use the published
guiding signals.
The guide man must always choose
his location so that he is not in danger
himself and so that he has a free view
behind the vehicle and to the driver.
Annex 4: Guide man hand signals
Meaning:
Explanation:
Backward movement
¬ Arms next to the body
¬ Palms facing forwards
¬ Repeated waving in an upward
and forward motion
Drive away from the guide man
Meaning:
Explanation:
Indicate distance
¬ Indicate the distance using both
hands at head height
Note:
The distance indicated by hands must
correspond to the actual distance.
Meaning:
Explanation:
Turn right
¬ Left arm stretched downwards
¬ Hand extended
¬ Right palm points forwards
¬ Right arm makes a repeated upwards
movement
¬ The speed of the arm movement
­indicates the degree of the steering
angle
Meaning:
Explanation:
Turn left
¬ Right arm stretched downwards
¬ Hand extended
¬ Left palm points forwards
¬ Left arm makes a repeated upwards
movement
¬ The speed of the arm movement
­indicates the degree of the steering
angle
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38
Meaning:
Explanation:
OK
All ist clear
Continue to your own
Drive away
¬ Right arm is stretched up
¬ Hand closed
¬ Tumb raised
Meaning:
Explanation:
Stop
¬ Arms are repeatedly crossed above
head
¬ The speed of the arm movement
­indicates the urgency of the stopping
process
Immediate stop
¬ Cross arms with closed fists above
head
Meaning:
Explanation:
Lift
E.g. fork lift, high loader
¬ Both arms towards vehicle/load
¬ Palms facing upwards
¬ Hand movement upwards
Meaning:
Explanation:
Lower
¬ Both arms towards vehicle/load
¬ Palms facing downwards
¬ Hand movement downwards
E.g. fork lift, high loader
Annex 4: Guide man hand signals
Meaning:
Explanation:
Accompanied Movement
Coming with equipment or load
¬ Maintain eye contact with operator
¬ Swing the back arm in the direction
of movement
Meaning:
Explanation:
Stabilizers on
brakes on
¬ Arms are held down near lower part
of body
¬ Closed fists with extended thumbs
point towards the body
¬ Arms move towards the body
Meaning:
Explanation:
Stabilizers off
brakes off
¬ Arms are held down near lower part
of body
¬ Closed fists with extended thumbs
point away from the body
¬ Arms move away from the body
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40
Meaning:
Explanation:
Interrupt power source
Stop
¬ Right arm at shoulder height
¬ Palm facing downwards
¬ Extended arm pivots horizontally
­towards neck
E.g. ground power supply, air,
operation, supply
Meaning:
Explanation:
Stop engine
¬ Right arm and hand at shoulder height
¬ Palm facing downwards
¬ Hand on neck moves horizontally
to the right
Meaning:
Explanation:
Connect/plug in
¬ Left hand raised with horizontally
stretched hand
Disconnect/unplug
Connect
¬ Right hand with closed fist moves
­towards the palm of the left hand
Connected/
plugged in
Disconnect
¬ Right arm with closed fist moves
downwards from the left hand
Brake released
Brake applied
Disconnected/
unplugged
Annex 4: Guide man hand signals
Meaning:
Explanation:
Breaks on/off
¬ Right arm and hand horizontal
in front of the body
Release brakes
¬ Fist open fist, fingers extended,
palms pointConnected/
towards
the body
plugged
in
Apply brakes
¬ Fingers extended, close palm
inwards toDisconnected/
form a fist
unplugged
Brake on
Brake off
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42
/Annex 5: Safety and health protection
signs
1.
Prohibition signs
In accordance with DIN 4844-2, extract
General prohibition sign
Smoking prohibited
No open flame; fire, open ignition
source and smoking prohibited
Pedestrians prohibited
Not drinking water
Do not obstruct
Authorised personnel only
No fork lift trucks
Do not switch
No access for persons
with pacemakers
Do not use mobile phones
No eating or drinking
Climbing by unauthorised
persons prohibited
No photography
Annex 5: Safety and health protection signs
43
2.
Mandatory signs
In accordance with DIN EN ISO 7010, extract
General order sign
Wear ear protection
Wear eye protection
Wear safety footwear
Wear protective gloves
Wear protective clothing
Use skin protection cream
Use handrail
Wear face shield
Wear head protection
Wear high visibility clothing
Wear respiratory protection
Use fall arrester
Use footbridge
Use walkway
44
3.
Warning signs
In accordance with DIN 4844-2, extract
General warning sign
Warning; flammable
­materials
Warning; explosive material
Warning; toxic material
Warning; corrosive
substance
Warning; radioactive material
or ionizing radiation
Warning; overhead load
Warning; fork lift trucks and
other industrial vehicles
Warning; electricity
Warning; optical radiation
Warning; laser beam
Warning; oxidizing substance
Warning; floor level obstacle
Warning; drop (fall)
Warning; irritating substance
or substance damaging
to health
Warning; gas cylinders
Annex 5: Safety and health protection signs
45
Warning; danger through
batteries
Warning; potentially
­explosive atmosphere
Warning; crushing
Warning; automatic start-up
Warning; crushing of hands
Warning; slippery surface
Warning; danger from
­conveyor in track
Warning; counter rotating
rollers
46
4.
Emergency and first aid signs
In accordance with DIN EN ISO 7010, extract
Additional arrow sign
Additional arrow sign
Emergency exit (left)
Emergency exit (right)
First aid
Emergency telephone
Evacuation assembly
point
Doctor
Automated external heart
defibrillator (AED)
Eyewash station
Safety shower
Stretcher
Emergency window
with escape ladder
Rescue window
Escape route/emergency exit with additional sign
Annex 5: Safety and health protection signs
5.
Fire protection signs
In accordance with DIN EN ISO 7010, extract
Direction indicator
Direction indicator
Fire hose reel
Fire extinguisher
Fire emergency
telephone
Fire alarm
Fire ladder
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48
/Annex 6: Catalogue of measures
at Flughafen München GmbH
In order to maintain traffic safety on
the airport premises, it is necessary
to penalise traffic violations. Flughafen
München GmbH has prepared a catalogue of measures for this purpose,
and which is valid without restriction
for all users of the apron.
Infringements shall be penalised
­according to the following point
­catalogue.
Transgression
Points
Disregarding the walking pace on an aircraft parked in the safety zone
that does not cause danger to third parties
1
Disregarding the walking pace on an aircraft parked in the safety zone
that causes danger to third parties
3
Exceeding the permissible number of trailers on tow vehicles
1
Parking in the taxiing areas for aircraft, crosshatched blocked areas,
in front of bus gates, assembly areas, roads and approach zones for
the fire service
2
Prohibited passenger transport in vehicles and on equipment not
designated for the purpose
2
Driving vehicles with safety defects or in a non-roadworthy state
2
Disregarding safety zones in the danger area of aircraft
2
Exceeding the maximum permitted speed by 15 km/h
2
Exceeding the maximum permitted speed by 25 km/h
4
Driving on taxiway edges outside the marked roads
3
Disregarding the »STOP for aircraft taxiing traffic« sign
4
Leaving the site of an accident without recording the sequence
of events despite possible involvement in the accident
5
Driving on ramp areas between a “Follow-Me” vehicle with its
red warning lights switched on and the aircraft guided by it
4
Leaving a mess on the apron
2
Driving over hoses of tankers and energy supply equipment
3
Incorrectly secured load
2
Disregarding the right of way regulation with hazard
3
Disregarding the right of way regulation without hazard
2
Failure to stick to the walking pace when not on roads
1
Annex 6: Catalogue of measures at Flughafen München GmbH
¬ When a road user amasses 8 points,
the Airport Operations at Munich
­Airport informs him in writing about
the number of points and the possible
risk to his driving permit in the event
of further violations.
¬ As from 12 points, retraining provided
by the Airport Academy for a charge is
necessary.
¬ As from 14 points, a driving ban of two
weeks is imposed.
¬ As from 16 points, a driving ban of up
to one month is imposed.
¬ As from 18 points, a driving ban of up
to three months is imposed.
¬ Points will be deleted 12 months after
the infringement.
¬ In the case of an infringement of the
»Traffic and Safety Rules for the
Non-Public Area at Munich Airport«,
the personal details of the road user
will be recorded by the authorised
­officer.
¬ Any person affected has the right to
inspect his data sheet. This should
be requested in writing to the Vice
President Airport Operations at
­Munich Airport.
¬ The driving ban starts on the day
after the road user is notified of the
decision in writing.
¬ An additional company agreement
­regulating further details also applies
to employees of Flughafen München
GmbH and AeroGround.
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50
/Annex 7: Glossary
ArbSchG Occupational Health and Safety Act
ASR
Technical rules for workplaces
CRJ
Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet
DFSDeutsche Flugsicherung
(German air traffic control)
DINDeutsches Institut für Normung
(German Institute for Standardization)
EASA
European Aviation Safety Agency
e.g.
for instance
(exempli gratia)
EN
European standards
EU
European Union
FMG
Flughafen München GmbH
FOD
Foreign Object Damage
GmbHGesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung
(limited liability company)
IATA
International Air Transport Association
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization
ID
Identification (ID Card)
IGOM
IATA Ground Operations Manual
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
km/h
Kilometres per hour
mMetre
PPE
Personal protective equipment
PO
Post Office (PO Box)
SMS
Safety Management System
Tel.Telephone
TWRTower
Annex 7: Glossary
51
52
/Annex 8: Co-applicable provisions,
regulations and laws
The following additional provisions,
­regulations and laws provide the basis
for the »Traffic and Safety Rules for the
non-public area at Munich Airport«.
­Reference is always made to the current
version.
¬ Airport Rules and Regulations for
­Munich Airport
(Flughafenbenutzungs­ordnung)
¬ Road Traffic Licensing Regulations
(Straßenverkehrs-Zulassungs-­
Ordnung)
¬ Vehicle Licensing Regulation
(Fahrzeug-­Zulassungsverordnung)
¬ Accident prevention regulations of
employer’s liability insurance association (Berufsgenossenschaften)
¬ Law covering the implementation of
measures to ensure industrial safety
and the improvement of safety and
health protection for employees
­(Occupational Health and Safety Act –
ArbSchG)
¬ Aviation Security Act
(Luftsicherheitsgesetz)
¬ Statutory accident insurance
¬A
pplication form for an airport ID card
with corresponding i­nformation and
terms and conditions
¬ T echnical rules for workplaces – health
and safety signs (ASR A 1.3)
¬E
uropean Commission (EU) Regulation
No. 139/2014 of 12 February 2014
¬ DIN 4844-2
¬ DIN
EN ISO 7010
Annex 8: Co-applicable provisions, regulations and laws, Severability clause
/Severability
clause
In the event that one of the points in
the »Traffic and Safety Rules for the
non-public area at Munich Airport«
no longer corresponds to the current
legal position or circumstances, then
only this point shall become invalid.
The ­remaining points remain valid.
With respect to translations, in cases of
doubt the German version shall prevail.
53
54
/Validity
As from 1 January 2016, only these
»Traffic and Safety Rules for the nonpublic area at Munich Airport« shall
be valid. Previous traffic rules for the
non-public area of Munich Airport
(from February 2004) shall no longer
apply from this date.
Validity, Imprint
Imprint
Issued by
Flughafen München GmbH
Corporate Services
Traffic Services/Traffic Management
Airport Academy
Visitors address
Eichenstraße 11d
85445 Schwaig
Postal address
PO Box 23 17 55
85326 Munich
Email: academy@munich-airport.de
Internet:
www.munich-airport.de/academy
Design
parole GmbH
Edition 2.0
Date
August 2016
Print/reprint
August 2016
55
www.munich-airport.de/academy
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