Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide

Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration
Guide
Version 7.9
July 2017
Last modified: July 19, 2017
© 2017 Nasuni Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Document Information
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide
Version 7.9
July 2017
Copyright
© Copyright 2010-2017 by Nasuni Corporation. All rights reserved.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a
commitment on the part of Nasuni. The software described in this document is furnished under a
license agreement. The software may be used only in accordance with the terms of the license
agreement. It is against the law to copy the software on any medium. No part of this manual may
be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying and recording, for any purpose without the express written permission of Nasuni
Corporation.
Notice
Although Nasuni Corporation has attempted to ensure the accuracy of the content of this manual,
it is possible that this document may contain technical inaccuracies, and typographical or other
errors. Nasuni assumes no liability for any error in this publication, and for damages, whether
direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or otherwise, that may result from such error, including,
but not limited to loss of data or profits.
Nasuni provides this publication “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied,
including, but not limited to implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose.
Trademarks
NASUNI, UNIFS, and the ovals logo are Nasuni trademarks and service marks. All other names, brands and products are the
property of their respective owners.
Contacting Nasuni Corporation
Nasuni Corporation
One Marina Park Drive
Boston, MA 02210
Telephone: 1-857-444-8500
Sales: 1-800-208-3418
http://www.nasuni.com
Email: info@nasuni.com
Technical Support
Telephone: 1-888-6NASUNI (888-662-7864)
Email: support@nasuni.com
Technical support is available 24/7/365 for full production clients.
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
What’s in this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Text Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Product Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Electronic Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Recent Changes to this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chapter 1: Configuring the Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
In this chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Nasuni NAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Nasuni Management Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Key Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Nasuni Filer Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Supported Web Browsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Supported Windows Operating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Supported Mac OS X Operating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Supported Virtual Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Virtual Machine Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Initial, Recommended, and Minimum Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Maximum Cache Size by Virtual Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Maximum CPU Cores by Virtual Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Maximum RAM by Virtual Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Connecting with the Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
SSL Security Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Example using Mozilla Firefox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Example using Google Chrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Example using Microsoft Internet Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Traffic Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Configure Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Nasuni Filer Home Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Chapter 2: Accessing Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Folder and File Access Permissions in Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Mapping a Windows Network Drive to a CIFS Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Accessing an iSCSI Volume in Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Disconnecting from the iSCSI volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Accessing data using the FTP protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Mounting a CIFS Share in Linux or UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Defining NFS datastores using VMware client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Mounting an NFS Export in Linux or UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Web Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Nasuni Mobile Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Folder-Level Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
File Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
File Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Folder-Level Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Administrative Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Nasuni Desktop Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Nasuni Desktop Client controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Using files or folders from the Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Adding files or folders to the Nasuni Filer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Appendix A: IP Address Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Using console commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Changing network device and system parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Changing static IP address and other network parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Enabling DHCP Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Viewing the MAC Address for the Nasuni Filer Hardware Appliance . . . . . . . . . 91
Appendix B: Moving a VM to Another Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Appendix C: Nasuni Terms of Service and License Agreement . . . . . . . . . 97
Nasuni Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Appendix D: Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
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Preface
Audience
This guide is intended for the IT administrator or person responsible for configuring and deploying the
Nasuni Filer on a corporate network, after the initial installation of the hardware appliance or virtual
machine. To set up a Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, see the Hardware Getting Started Guide for the
specific hardware appliance. To set up a Nasuni Filer on the Microsoft Azure or Amazon EC2 cloud
platforms, see the installation guide for the specific platform. For installation instructions for a virtual
machine platform, see the Installing the Nasuni Filer on Virtual Platforms document. See “Product
Documentation” on page 8.
What’s in this Book
This guide contains the following chapters:
•
Chapter 1, “Configuring the Nasuni Filer,” on page 11 explains how to continue the installation
of the Nasuni Filer on your network using a supported platform.
•
Chapter 2, “Accessing Volumes,” on page 41 explains how to start using the Nasuni Filer to
access CIFS shares, NFS exports, FTP directories, and iSCSI volumes.
•
Appendix A, “IP Address Configuration,” on page 81 explains how to change the IP address at
the console.
•
Appendix C, “Nasuni Terms of Service and License Agreement,” on page 97 provides the Web
URL for accessing the Nasuni Filer end user license agreement.
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Preface
What’s in this Book
Text Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
Convention
Description
1. Number
Used to indicate a step in a task.
• Bullet
Used for items in a list without any particular order.
Bold
Used to give emphasis to a word. Also used for named
graphical elements.
Italics
Used to represent options or parameters.
Underline
Used for hyperlinks, such as links to Web sites.
Monospace
Used to indicate pathnames, filenames, folder names,
typed information, and code.
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Product Documentation
Electronic Publications
Extensive documentation is available for all aspects of installing, configuring, and operating the Nasuni
Filer. The latest version of each of the following documents is available in PDF format at
http://www.nasuni.com/support/documentation.
•
Hardware Getting Started Guide: For setting up the Nasuni Filer on the Nasuni Filer hardware
appliance.
To download this guide for the NF-60, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_HW_GS_Guide_NF-60.pdf
To download this guide for the NF-200, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_HW_GS_Guide_NF-200.pdf
To download this guide for the NF-400, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_HW_GS_Guide_NF-400.pdf
To download this guide for the NF-440, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_HW_GS_Guide_NF-440.pdf
To download this guide for the NF-600, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_HW_GS_Guide_NF-600.pdf
•
Installing the Nasuni Filer on Virtual Platforms: For installing the Nasuni Filer on a virtual machine
within a corporate network. To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Installing-on-Virtual.pdf
•
Installing the Nasuni Filer on the Azure Platform: For installing the Nasuni Filer on the Microsoft
Azure cloud virtual machine. To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Installing-on-Azure.pdf
•
Installing the Nasuni Filer on the EC2 Platform: For installing the Nasuni Filer on the Amazon
EC2 cloud virtual machine. To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Installing-on-EC2.pdf
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Product Documentation
•
Electronic Publications
Initial Configuration Guide: For configuring and deploying the Nasuni Filer after the initial
installation on the hardware appliance or virtual machine. To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_Initial_Configuration_Guide.pdf
•
Administration Guide: For managing unified storage using the Nasuni Filer.
To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_Administration_Guide.pdf
•
Nasuni Management Console Guide: For managing multiple Nasuni Filers.
To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/NMCGuide.pdf
•
Nasuni Management Console Quick Start Guide: To quickly get started using the Nasuni
Management Console to manage multiple Nasuni Filers. To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/NMCQuickStartGuide.pdf
•
Using Multiple Protocols: Discusses scenarios requiring particular access to data, and how
different combinations of protocols can help provide the access that clients need.
To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/UsingMultipleProtocols.pdf
•
Third-Party Licensing Guide: Listing of third-party software used in the Nasuni Filer.
To download this guide, visit:
http://www6.nasuni.com/rs/nasuni/images/Nasuni_Filer_Third-Party_Licensing_Guide.pdf
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Recent Changes to this Document
Recent changes to this document include the following:
Topic
Section or Step
Initial, Recommended, and Minimum Memory
“Initial, Recommended,
and Minimum Memory”
LDAP Directory Services
several
Mobile Access
“Nasuni Mobile Access”
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide
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page 17
page 60
10
Chapter 1: Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Overview
This chapter explains how to configure the Nasuni Filer on your network.
Before following the steps in this chapter, ensure that the Nasuni Filer has been set up by an IT
specialist. To set up a Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, see the Hardware Getting Started Guide for the
specific hardware appliance. To set up a Nasuni Filer on the Microsoft Azure or Amazon EC2 cloud
platforms, see the installation guide for the specific platform. For installation instructions for a virtual
machine platform, see the Installing the Nasuni Filer on Virtual Platforms document. See “Product
Documentation” on page 8.
Before you begin, you should have the initial IP address of your Nasuni Filer from either the hardware
appliance or virtual machine installation.
In this chapter
•
“Nasuni NAS” on page 12
•
“Key Terms” on page 13
•
“Nasuni Filer Specifications” on page 14
•
“SSL Security Certificate” on page 21
•
“Network Settings” on page 25
•
“Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer” on page 36
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
11
Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni NAS
Nasuni NAS
Nasuni delivers an advanced storage solution using a cloud infrastructure. The core technology is a
next-generation storage controller – the Nasuni Filer – that offers the security and performance of
traditional storage, while adding unlimited scalability, automatic offsite protection, and global multi-site
access to files. The Nasuni system is managed through a single, small-footprint point of control within
the enterprise’s data center.
The Nasuni Filer is an on-premises storage device supporting NFS, CIFS, FTP/SFTP, iSCSI, and HTTP/
REST protocols. The Nasuni Filer is fully integrated with Active Directory, LDAP, Distributed File System
(DFS), and Windows Previous Versions. It includes a high-performance cache and takes periodic
snapshots that enable file-level restores. Its reach and capacity far exceed those of a traditional
controller, however, because it does not rely only on memory and local disk to manage its data: it has
the entire capacity of the cloud at its disposal. All data is deduplicated, compressed, and encrypted
before storage.
Several choices are available for the back-end cloud storage component, including the following:
•
Nasuni’s integrated service, which includes a Nasuni-managed Microsoft Azure account.
•
Your own public cloud service from Microsoft Azure Blob Storage or Amazon AWS S3.
•
Private cloud products, including Cleversafe and EMC ViPR/ECS and Atmos.
The choices for the back-end cloud storage component are part of each customer license. Each
volume has only one back-end cloud storage component.
Multi-site access enables organizations with several locations to work on a single set of shared data.
Nasuni’s architecture allows multiple storage controllers to have live access to the same volume of
data. Organizations benefit by having a simple, safe, and secure way to share data across any number
of sites. Nasuni’s multi-site access enables capabilities that include:
•
Secure data distribution to remote office/branch office (ROBO).
•
Remote offices forwarding data to a central point.
•
Two-way synchronized read-write.
Multi-site access does away with cumbersome replication schemes and slow WAN optimizers.
Nasuni Filer
Nasuni’s NAS is delivered through the Nasuni Filer, a storage controller that runs in your data center
and provides primary storage with built-in backup, offsite protection, and multi-site access. With your
Nasuni Filer, you manage your volumes and performance using the Web-based Nasuni Filer user
interface.
The Nasuni Filer is available as a virtual appliance, as a hardware appliance, and as a Microsoft Azure
and Amazon EC2 virtual appliance.
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
12
Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Management Console
Nasuni Management Console
The Nasuni Management Console enables you to monitor and manage many Nasuni Filers from one
central appliance. Using the Nasuni Management Console, you can view the status of all of your
managed Nasuni Filers, as well as configure their settings. Using the Nasuni Management Console, you
can ensure consistent settings on all your Nasuni Filers.
Note: If a Nasuni Filer loses internet connectivity with the Nasuni Management Console, the
Nasuni Filer can still leave the Nasuni Management Console.
Key Terms
The following terms are helpful in understanding the Nasuni Filer:
•
Nasuni Filer: The storage controller in your data center that integrates with your infrastructure
via CIFS, NFS, iSCSI, FTP/SFTP, or HTTPS/REST protocols. The Nasuni Filer can be mapped
as a network drive.
•
Nasuni Filer user interface: The Web-based graphical user interface with which you configure
and manage the Nasuni Filer. The Nasuni Filer user interface is accessible with supported Web
browsers including Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Google Chrome.
•
Nasuni Management Console (NMC): The Web-accessible appliance with which you can
configure and manage multiple Nasuni Filers. The Nasuni Management Console is accessible
with supported Web browsers including Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Apple Safari, and
Google Chrome.
•
Cloud storage: Internet-based, highly protected, unlimited storage.
•
Volume: A set of files and directories (CIFS, NFS, and FTP/SFTP) or blocks of data (iSCSI).
•
Share/export: An access point to a folder on a volume that can be shared or exported on your
network. Access to a CIFS share can be customized on a user-level or group-level basis. You
can create many shares or exports on a volume, for different purposes or audiences.
•
Cache: The local storage of the Nasuni Filer. All data and metadata that is accessed regularly is
kept locally in the cache. If requested data is not locally resident, it is staged into the cache and
provided for the request.
•
Snapshot: A snapshot is a complete picture of your volume at a specific point in time.
Snapshots offer data protection by enabling you to recover data deleted in error or to restore an
entire file system. After a snapshot has been taken and is sent to cloud storage, it is not
possible to modify that snapshot.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Nasuni Filer Specifications
This section contains specifications for configuring the Nasuni Filer.
General Specifications
The following table lists general specifications for the Nasuni Filer.
Description
Value
Maximum number of owned volumes per Nasuni
Filer.
8
Maximum number of files in the Nasuni Service.
Unlimited
Maximum capacity of files in the Nasuni Service.
Unlimited (might be restricted by license)
Default cache size on disk.
Default snapshot period.
Maximum file size.
250 GB (VM only)
1 hour (after last snapshot)
Available cache space at time of write
1
Number of cache volumes supported.
Minimum memory required.
4 GiB (VM only)
Supported Web Browsers
The Nasuni Filer supports the following Web browsers:
Browser
Mozilla Firefox
Version
Latest
Internet Explorer
Latest two versions
Google Chrome
Latest
Apple Safari
Latest
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Supported Windows Operating Systems
The Nasuni Filer provides file sharing services to the following Windows operating systems:
Server Operating Systems
Operating System
Version
Service Packs
Windows Server 2008 R2
Standard
N/A
Windows Server 2012
Standard
N/A
Windows Server 2012 R2
Standard
N/A
Desktop Operating Systems
Operating System
Version
Service Packs
Windows 7
Professional
1
Windows 8.1
Professional
N/A
Windows 10
Professional
N/A
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Supported Mac OS X Operating Systems
The Nasuni Filer provides file sharing services to the Mac OS X operating system versions 10.9
(Mavericks) and 10.10 (Yosemite).
Supported Virtual Platforms
The Nasuni Filer runs as a virtual machine within the following virtual server platform versions:
Operating System
Version
5.0, 5.1, 5.5, 6.0
VMware ESXi
2008 R2 SP1 Hyper-V
2012 Hyper-V
2012 R2 Hyper-V
Windows Server
Virtual Machine Recommendations
The minimum or recommended virtual machine resources for running the Nasuni Filer are as follows:
Limit
Minimum free disk space to run the Nasuni Filer.
Value
352 GB (328 GiB)
(includes operating system, 250 GB cache,
and cache-on-write (COW) disk)
Recommended memory on a VM host.
8 GiB
Recommended Nasuni Filer Virtual Machine
memory.
8 GiB
Nasuni Filer Virtual Machine cores.
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
4 default, 8 for optimal performance
16
Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Initial, Recommended, and Minimum Memory
The memory allocation for a virtual machine platform (VM) is set and changed in the hypervisor. The
memory allocation that is first set is the "initial memory allocation".
The "recommended memory allocation" is a suggested amount of memory. If the VM has less than the
"recommended memory allocation", an alert informs the customer of the situation.
There is also a "minimum memory allocation". If the VM has less than the "minimum memory
allocation", then the software does not run.
Tip: For both the Nasuni Filer and the NMC, it might be necessary to increase the memory
allocation above the recommended memory allocation, depending on the workload.
For the Nasuni Filer, these values are:
•
Initial memory allocation: 8 GiB
•
Recommended memory allocation: 8 GiB
•
Minimum memory allocation: 4 GiB
Note: The document preview feature of Nasuni Web Access requires a minimum of 8 GiB
and version OS7 of the Nasuni Filer base operating system.
For the NMC, these values are:
•
Initial memory allocation: 6 GiB
•
Recommended memory allocation: 6 GiB
•
Minimum memory allocation: 2 GiB
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Maximum Cache Size by Virtual Platform
The current maximum cache size for the Nasuni Filer is 500 TiB. However, each platform also has its
own maximum cache size for a single cache disk. (Multiple cache disks are supported.) The following
table lists the maximum cache size per single cache disk (by platform) supported by the Nasuni Filer.
Visit VMware features and Hyper-V features for the most complete information.
Virtual Platform
Maximum Cache Size for a Single Cache Disk
VMware ESXi 5.x, 6.0
NOT using VMFS-5
2 TiB
VMware ESXi 5.x, 6.0
62 TiB (using VMFS-5)
64 TiB (using physical Raw Disk Mapping (RDM)
(aka “pass through disks”))
Microsoft Hyper-V
Microsoft Azure
Amazon EC2
2 TiB (Server 2008)
500 TiB (using “pass through disks”) (Server 2008)
64 TiB (using VHDX) (Server 2012)
64 TiB (Server 2012 R2)
1 TiB
1 TiB for hard disks, 16 TiB for SSDs
Note: To add cache space by configuring additional cache disks, contact Nasuni Technical
Support.
Note: Note that you can configure pass-through disks on VMware and Hyper-V.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Specifications
Maximum CPU Cores by Virtual Platform
The following table lists the maximum number of CPU cores (or virtual CPUs) that are supported by the
Nasuni Filer.
Virtual Platform
Maximum CPU Cores
VMware ESXi 6.0
128
VMware ESXi 5.5
64
VMware ESXi 5.0
32
Microsoft Hyper-V
4 (Server 2008)
64 (Server 2012 and Server
2012 R2)
Maximum RAM by Virtual Platform
The following table lists the maximum RAM (by virtual platform) that is supported by the Nasuni Filer.
Visit VMware features and Hyper-V features for the most complete information.
Virtual Platform
Maximum RAM
VMware ESXi 6.0
4 TB
(actually 4080 GB)
VMware ESXi 5.x
1 TB
Microsoft Hyper-V
64 GB (Server 2008)
1 TB (Server 2012)
4 TB (Server 2012 R2)
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Connecting with the Nasuni Filer
Connecting with the Nasuni Filer
You should have an initial IP address from the installation of your Nasuni Filer on either a hardware
appliance or a virtual machine. This IP address should be provided by the IT specialist who initially set
up the Nasuni Filer.
Open a Web browser and enter the IP address using this command:
https://<IP address>:8443
where <IP address> is the IP address.
When you attempt to access the Nasuni Filer Home page for the first time, a message might appear
indicating that the security certificate is not trusted. You can still access the site to proceed with the
initial configuration procedure.
Continue with the next section, “SSL Security Certificate” on page 21.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
SSL Security Certificate
SSL Security Certificate
By default, the Nasuni Filer is preloaded with a self-signed SSL certificate that is unique to the Nasuni
Filer. For this reason, when you attempt to access the Nasuni Filer Home page for the first time, a
message might appear indicating that the security certificate is not trusted. You can still access the site
to proceed with the initial configuration procedure.
Note: To add a new SSL certificate, see “SSL Server and Client Certificates” in the Nasuni
Filer Administration Guide.
Example using Mozilla Firefox
This is an example of what you might see using the Mozilla Firefox Web browser:
1. Open a Web browser and enter the IP address provided by the IT specialist who initially set up
the Nasuni Filer. The This Connection is Untrusted page appears.
Figure 1-1: “This Connection is Untrusted” page.
2. Click I Understand the Risks. An expanded version of the This Connection is Untrusted page
appears.
Figure 1-2: “This Connection is Untrusted” page.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
SSL Security Certificate
3. Click Add Exception. The Add Security Exception dialog box appears.
Figure 1-3: Add Security Exception dialog box.
4. Click Get Certificate.
5. Click Confirm Security Exception.
6. Open a Web browser and enter the IP address again.
7. Continue with “Network Settings” on page 25.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
SSL Security Certificate
Example using Google Chrome
This is an example of what you might see using the Google Chrome Web browser:
1. Open a Web browser and enter the IP address provided by the IT specialist who initially set up
the Nasuni Filer. The “Your connection is not private” page appears.
Figure 1-4: “Your connection is not private” page.
2. Click Advanced. The “Your connection is not private” Advanced pane appears.
Figure 1-5: “Your connection is not private” Advanced pane.
3. Click Proceed.
4. Continue with “Network Settings” on page 25.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
SSL Security Certificate
Example using Microsoft Internet Explorer
This is an example of what you might see using the Internet Explorer Web browser:
1. Open a Web browser and enter the IP address provided by the IT specialist who initially set up
the Nasuni Filer. The There is a problem with this website's security certificate page
appears.
Figure 1-6: “There is a problem with this website's security certificate” page.
2. Click Continue to this website.
3. Continue with “Network Settings” on page 25.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
Network Settings
The next step is to configure network parameters. This section gives general information about traffic
groups, and specific procedures for configuring the network settings.
Traffic Groups
Three default traffic groups are available, but you can change the purpose and the name of each traffic
group:
•
General: All traffic is in the General traffic group, unless explicitly assigned to a different traffic
group. Systems with only one network interface card (NIC) always use the General traffic group.
This traffic group is not for any specific purpose.
•
Management: The Management traffic group limits access to the assigned interfaces of the
Nasuni Filer to administrative access only.
•
External: The External traffic group designates a set of interfaces that carry only Web Access
traffic and Mobile Access traffic.
Note: You use the Firewall configuration page to configure what kind of traffic the Nasuni
Filer accepts on each traffic group.
You cannot combine traffic from two or more traffic groups together.
Note: If a proxy is defined such that it is on one of the networks local to the Nasuni Filer, this
local proxy is used for cloud traffic, Remote Support traffic, and Nasuni API traffic. Traffic
flows on whichever interface can reach the local proxy.
Bonding. If you assign more than one device to the same traffic group, the assigned devices are
“bonded” for that traffic group. A bonded interface is a virtual network interface that runs on two or
more physical interfaces. The Nasuni Filer offers a transmit-load-balancing bonding mode, which is a
high-availability bonding mode with a performance enhancement when sending packets. Bonding also
provides failover benefits. This bonding mode monitors the state of the network interface cards (NICs)
that are in the bond: if the active device fails, it switches to a different active device. In addition, when
transmitting a packet, the system determines (using an internal metric) which device in the bond is least
busy, and transmits the packet using that device. When the host sends a packet to the Nasuni Filer, the
packet always goes to the active device.
Network switch ports to which bonded Nasuni Filer ports are attached must be configured as switch
port access with trunk access disabled. Any switch port where a bonded Nasuni Filer port is attached
should also not be bridged with any other Nasuni Filer port.
The Spanning Tree's blocking, listening, and learning stages should be disabled or bypassed on all
switch ports to which a bonded Nasuni Filer port is attached. (Cisco switches have a feature called
PortFast that is used to disable these Spanning Tree stages on a port-by-port basis.)
Bonded Nasuni Filer port members may also be split across more than one switch in order to achieve
switch redundancy. However, all switch ports that are attached to members of the same bond must
comprise a single broadcast domain (namely, the same VLAN) configured on the switch port.
Additionally, if problems exist after deploying a Nasuni Filer bond across more than one switch,
reattach all bond members to the same switch. If the problems disappear, then the cause of the
problem resides in the configuration of the switches and not in the configuration of the Nasuni Filer.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
Basic Configuration. Put all available NICs into the General traffic group. The Nasuni Filer uses a
single IP address, and all types of traffic use that IP address. Traffic leaving the LAN uses a default
gateway available on this LAN.
Separating client and cloud traffic. Divide the NICs into General and External traffic groups. The
Nasuni Filer uses one IP address for serving CIFS, NFS, FTP, and iSCSI traffic, along with the user
interface and management protocols, and one IP address for Web Access and Mobile Access. The
default gateway must be specified on the LAN that the External traffic group uses.
Separating data and management traffic. Divide the NICs into General and Management traffic
groups. The Nasuni Filer uses one IP address for serving CIFS, NFS, FTP and iSCSI traffic in addition to
communicating with cloud APIs, and a different IP address for the user interface and management
protocols. This configuration expects that administrators use a separate “back plane” network to
manage devices more securely.
Sample network topologies.
This example is for General traffic only.
Figure 1-7: General traffic only.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
This example is for General and External traffic.
Figure 1-8: General and External traffic.
This example is for General and Management traffic.
Figure 1-9: General and Management traffic.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
This example is for General, External, and Management traffic.
Figure 1-10: General, External, and Management traffic.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
Configure Network Settings
To configure network settings for the Nasuni Filer:
1. After you add a security certificate, or proceed without adding a security certificate, the Enter
the Network Parameters for this Filer page appears.
Figure 1-11: “Enter the Network Parameters for this Filer” page.
2. In the Host Name box, a default hostname for the Nasuni Filer appears. You can accept the
default hostname or change it to a customized hostname. Enter the hostname (15 characters or
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
less) or Fully Qualified Domain Name (64 characters or less) for this Nasuni Filer. The name that
you enter is the name that you provide to users so they can access the Nasuni Filer. You can
use ASCII letters a through z, digits 0 through 9, and hyphens.
Note: If joining a Nasuni Filer to Active Directory, Nasuni recommends using the fully
qualified domain name with the hostname, using lower-case letters, such as
filer.domain.com. If the Nasuni Filer would never join Active Directory, you can use
the hostname without the domain name.
Note: The Nasuni Filer attempts to register the hostname in the DNS server, so that users
can access this host by name.
To change this name later, see “Network Configuration” in the Nasuni Filer Administration
Guide.
3. In the Network Interface Settings area, for each Device in the list, select the Traffic Group
from the drop-down list.
Figure 1-12: Network Interface Settings area.
Note: For high availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances, there should be four devices.
You can define your own traffic groups. See step 4 below. See “Traffic Groups” on page 25 for
details about traffic groups.
Tip: If any network interfaces are not in use, set them to “Disabled”.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
4. Also in the Network Interface Settings area, to configure each Traffic Group, click Edit beside
the Traffic Group. The Network Settings page appears.
Figure 1-13: Network Settings page.
Note: The Node 1 IP Address and Node 2 IP Address fields only appear for high
availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances.
Note: For high availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances, you must edit the settings of
the device connected to your network.
From the Network Type drop-down list, select either Static or DHCP.
Note: For high availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances, the only choice is Static.
Tip: For optimal performance, do not use DHCP.
If you select DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), the IP Address, Netmask, and MTU
Value fields become unavailable.
Note: DHCP may not be enabled on more than one traffic group.
If you select Static, you must provide Network Interface Settings and System Settings. See your
IT administrator for assistance. Enter the following information:
•
Enter the static IP address in the IP Address text box. The address of a static device must
not already be present on the network. The Nasuni Filer verifies this and displays an error if a
collision is detected.
Note: If you define more than one static device, the Nasuni Filer checks that the
subnets specified do not appear more than once.
•
If this is a high-availability hardware appliance Nasuni Filer, enter the Node 1 IP Address
and the Node 2 IP Address in their text boxes.
•
Enter a netmask address in the Netmask text box.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
•
Network Settings
Enter the MTU value in the MTU Value text box.
Tip: MTU settings should not exceed 1500.
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size (in bytes) of the largest protocol data unit
that the layer can pass onwards. A larger MTU brings greater efficiency, because each
packet carries more user data, while protocol overheads, such as headers, remain fixed; the
resulting higher efficiency means a slight improvement in the bulk protocol throughput. A
larger MTU also means processing fewer packets for the same amount of data. However,
large packets can occupy a slow link for some time, causing greater delays to following
packets, and increasing lag and minimum latency.
•
(Optional) You can specify a gateway for each traffic group. This gateway is used to return
traffic for clients outside one of the Nasuni Filer's local networks that do not use the default
gateway. In the Gateway text box, enter the IP address for the gateway.
•
Click OK to use these values. Click Cancel to exit this page without making any changes.
5. In the System Settings area, from the Settings Source drop-down list, select one of the
following:
Figure 1-14: System Settings page.
Note: For high availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances, the only choice is Static.
•
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol): Provides a network IP address for a host on
an IP network automatically. The Default Gateway, Search Domain, Primary DNS Server,
and Secondary DNS Server fields become unavailable.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
•
Network Settings
DHCP with custom DNS: Provides a network IP address for a host on an IP network
automatically. The Default Gateway field becomes unavailable. Enter the following
information:
•
Enter one or more local search domains in the Search Domain text box, each separated
by a space. You must enter valid hostnames.
You can use search domains to avoid typing the complete address of domains that you
use frequently. The search domains that you enter are automatically appended to names
that you specify for purposes such as Active Directory configuration, data migration
sources, HTTPS proxy, and NTP server. For example, if you specify the search domain
“mycompany.com”, then typing “server1” for one of these purposes would connect to
“server1.mycompany.com”.
•
•
Enter the IP address for your primary DNS server in the Primary DNS server text box.
You must enter a valid hostname or IP address.
•
Enter the IP address for your secondary DNS server in the Secondary DNS server text
box (if applicable). You must enter a valid hostname or IP address.
Static: Address information must be entered manually. Enter the following information:
•
Enter a default gateway address in the Default Gateway text box.
The gateway address must match a subnet of a defined static network.
•
Enter one or more local search domains in the Search Domain text box, each separated
by a space. You must enter valid hostnames.
You can use search domains to avoid typing the complete address of domains that you
use frequently. The search domains that you enter are automatically appended to names
that you specify for purposes such as Active Directory configuration, data migration
sources, HTTPS proxy, and NTP server. For example, if you specify the search domain
“mycompany.com”, then typing “server1” for one of these purposes would connect to
“server1.mycompany.com”.
•
Enter the IP address for your primary DNS server in the Primary DNS server text box.
You must enter a valid hostname or IP address.
•
Enter the IP address for your secondary DNS server in the Secondary DNS server text
box (if applicable). You must enter a valid hostname or IP address.
6. To configure a proxy in order to reach HTTPS resources on the Internet, select the Configure A
Proxy check box.
7. Click Continue to proceed.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Network Settings
8. The Review the Network Settings page appears.
Figure 1-15: Review the Network Settings page.
To accept the network settings, click Continue. To return to the previous page to change
network settings, click Back.
9. The Configuring Network Settings page appears.
Figure 1-16: Configuring Network Settings page.
10. For high availability Nasuni Filer hardware appliances, the Filer HA-Pair Synchronization page
appears.
Figure 1-17: Filer HA-Pair Synchronization page.
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Network Settings
It can take some time for the synchronization process to complete. When the process
completes, click Continue.
11. You are automatically directed to the specified IP address (or you can click the link “here”).
Continue with “Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer” on page 36.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
After configuring the network settings for the Nasuni Filer, you must enter your Nasuni.com serial
number and authorization code, accept the end-user license agreement, and create a user name and
password for the user who is a Filer Administrator of the Nasuni Filer.
Important: Internet connectivity (HTTPS port 443) is a prerequisite for setting up the Nasuni
Filer, or to update software during the installation.
To set up your Nasuni Filer:
1. After you have configured your network, open the specific URL to continue. The “Enter your
serial number and authorization code” wizard page appears.
Figure 1-18: “Enter your serial number and authorization code” wizard page.
2. Enter a Filer Serial Number and Authorization code, found under the Account section of
www.nasuni.com, or on the Account Status page of the Nasuni Management Console. For a
new installation, choose an unused Filer Serial Number. To recover a prior installation, such as
during disaster recovery, choose the Filer Serial Number of the prior installation. Click Continue
to proceed.
Note: If this Nasuni Filer was reset, and this Nasuni Filer was under the control of the
Nasuni Management Console, and if you are using the Filer Serial Number of a prior
installation, you must wait 10 minutes from the time that you reset the Nasuni Filer before
entering the Filer Serial Number and Authorization code and clicking Continue.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
3. If this is a new Nasuni Filer, the “Add a New Nasuni Filer to your account” page appears.
Figure 1-19: “Add a New Nasuni Filer to your account” page.
To add the new Nasuni Filer, type the words “Install New Filer” (without the quotation
marks) in the Confirmation text box, then click Continue.
4. If a more recent version of the Nasuni Filer software is available, a page appears to notify you.
Click Continue. A second page appears to notify you of the progress of the software update.
5. The “Accept the Terms of Service and License Agreement” page appears.
Figure 1-20: “Accept the Terms of Service and License Agreement” page.
You can print or download a copy of the Terms of Service and License Agreement by clicking
the appropriate icon.
Select “I accept the Terms of Service”, then click Continue.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
6. The “Enter or accept Filer Name” page appears.
Figure 1-21: “Enter or accept Filer Name” page.
To change the name of the Nasuni Filer, enter a new Filer Name. A descriptive and distinctive
name helps users and administrators to identify and distinguish specific Nasuni Filers.
Otherwise, leave the Filer Name unchanged. Click Continue.
7. If this account has a Nasuni Management Console installed, a page appears asking if you want
this Nasuni Filer to join the Nasuni Management Console.
8. The “Enter a username and password for Administration of this Filer” page appears.
Figure 1-22: “Enter a username and password for Administration of this Filer” page.
Create a Username (case-sensitive) and a Password (case-sensitive) for the administration of
this Nasuni Filer. An indicator of password strength appears. Although password strength is not
enforced, you should use strong passwords. The newly defined user is automatically a member
of the Filer Administrators permission group for this Nasuni Filer. Click Continue.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
9. The “You’re almost ready to go!” window appears.
Figure 1-23: “You’re almost ready to go!” window.
Click Ok to close the window.
10. The Nasuni Filer Home page appears. See “Nasuni Filer Home Page” on page 40.
For further information about using the Nasuni Filer, see the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide. If this
account has a Nasuni Management Console installed, see the Nasuni Management Console Guide for
information on using the Nasuni Management Console to configure and manage this Nasuni Filer.
For details on accessing volumes, see Chapter 2, “Accessing Volumes,” on page 41.
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Configuring the Nasuni Filer
Setting Up Your Nasuni Filer
Nasuni Filer Home Page
The Nasuni Filer Home page appears in your Web browser.
Figure 1-24: Home page.
After you access data volumes (as described in Chapter 2, “Accessing Volumes,” on page 41), you can
begin using the Nasuni Filer as a NAS device. See the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide for details on
using all product features.
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Chapter 2: Accessing Volumes
Overview
This chapter explains how to access volumes, including CIFS shares, NFS exports, FTP directories,
and iSCSI volumes. After you access volumes, you can get up and running quickly with the Nasuni Filer
and start using it on your network as a NAS or SAN device.
Folder and File Access Permissions in Windows
Special default permissions are applied to these folders and files:
•
.nasuni
•
.nasuni/sync_logs/
•
Files in .nasuni/sync_logs/
•
.nasuni/av_violations/
•
Files in .nasuni/av_violations/
•
.nasuni/file_alerts/
•
Files in .nasuni/file_alerts/
•
.nasuni/audit/
•
Files in .nasuni/audit/
Caution: Do not change the permissions on these folders or files unless it is absolutely
necessary. Use caution when changing any permissions. Incorrect permissions can
cause problems in access and processing.
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Accessing Volumes
Folder and File Access Permissions in Windows
In Windows, using Active Directory security, all users have Read permission for all files and all folders
under the topmost .nasuni folder. However, unless a user also has Read permission for the
topmost .nasuni folder, that user cannot access any of those files or folders under the
topmost .nasuni folder. By default, only a Filer Administrator has Read permission for the
topmost .nasuni folder. If a Filer Administrator wants to allow a user to view the files, the Filer
Administrator should change the permission on the topmost .nasuni folder for that user.
Tip: In Windows, if a folder gives permission to the group “Everyone”, unprivileged users
might not be able to access the folder. Instead, Nasuni recommends that you assign users to
another group that has the desired permission for the folder.
Tip: If you are using Active Directory authentication and your Nasuni Filer is joined to an
Active Directory server that has Windows Server 2012 domain controllers, and the following
conditions occur:
• The Windows Server 2012 domain controller has Resource SID compression enabled.
• The client accesses the Nasuni Filer CIFS volume by hostname.
• The user client is authenticating using access to the CIFS volume based on membership in
a domain local group.
Then the user is denied access to the CIFS volume.
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Accessing Volumes
Mapping a Windows Network Drive to a CIFS Share
Mapping a Windows Network Drive to a CIFS Share
You can map a Windows network drive to a CIFS share on the Nasuni Filer.
Note: You must have share privileges to access the folder on the Nasuni Filer and map a
network drive to it. See “Adding a New CIFS Share to a Volume” and “Editing a CIFS Share”
in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide for more details.
To map a Windows network drive to a CIFS share:
1. In Windows, right-click My Computer.
2. Select Map Network Drive. The Map Network Drive dialog box appears.
Figure 2-1: Map Network Drive dialog box.
3. From the Drive drop-down menu, select an available network drive letter to map the share to.
An unused network drive letter is automatically selected.
4. From the Folder drop-down list, select a shared folder on the Nasuni Filer.
Alternatively, in the Folder text box, enter the IP address or URL of a shared folder on the
Nasuni Filer. For example, \\10.1.10.97\files.
Alternatively, click Browse to navigate to the IP address or URL of a shared folder on the
Nasuni Filer. For example, \\10.1.10.97\files.
5. If prompted for a username and password, use a username that has data access permissions.
Tip: For some Windows platforms, it might be necessary to use <hostname>\
<username> instead of the username, where <hostname> is the IP address or
hostname of the Nasuni Filer.
6. Click Finish.
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Mapping a Windows Network Drive to a CIFS Share
7. With Windows Explorer, select the network drive letter that you mapped. For example:
Figure 2-2: Sample mapped drive.
Tip: Alternatively, you can enter the path for the share folder or IP address in the address
bar of Windows Explorer instead of using the Map Network Drive dialog box.
8. Open the drive, then drag and drop files that you want to send to the Nasuni Filer. You can now
open these files and do your work from this mapped drive. By default, snapshots of unshared
volumes are taken every hour (every 5 minutes for shared volumes) to provide you with a
backup of your work.
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Accessing an iSCSI Volume in Windows
Accessing an iSCSI Volume in Windows
You can access an iSCSI volume on your Nasuni Filer from Windows. To Windows, the iSCSI volume
appears as a hard drive.
Note: This procedure uses the Windows iSCSI Initiator application, which is available for
Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2008, Windows 7, and Windows XP.
To access an iSCSI volume in Windows, follow this procedure:
1. Select Start → Administrative Tools → iSCSI Initiator. The iSCSI Initiator opens.
2. Select the Targets tab.
3. In the Target text box, enter the IP address of the Nasuni Filer.
4. Click Quick Connect. The Quick Connect dialog box appears. If you are not using CHAP
authentication, the Nasuni Filer should appear in the Discovered targets list with the status
Connected. If you are using CHAP authentication, the Nasuni Filer should appear in the list with
the status Inactive.
5. Click Done. The Quick Connect dialog box closes.
6. If you are using CHAP authentication, follow these steps:
a. Select the Nasuni Filer in the Discovered targets list.
b. Click Connect. The Connect to Target dialog box opens.
c. Click Advanced. The Advanced Settings dialog box opens.
d. Select Enable CHAP log on.
e. In the Name text box, enter the CHAP username for this iSCSI volume. For details, see
“Adding a Volume” in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
f.
In the Target secret text box, enter the CHAP password for this iSCSI volume. For details,
see “Adding a Volume” in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
g. Click OK. The Advanced Settings dialog box closes.
h. Click OK. The Connect to Target dialog box closes. The Nasuni Filer should appear in the
list with the status Connected.
7. Click OK. This closes iSCSI Initiator. At this point, the iSCSI volume appears as a new hard
drive in Windows. It is now necessary to partition this new hard drive.
8. Select Start → Administrative Tools → Computer Management. The Computer
Management window opens.
9. Select Storage.
10. Select Disk Management. The Initialize Disk dialog box opens. The new hard drive appears in
the Select disks pane.
11. Select the new drive.
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Accessing an iSCSI Volume in Windows
12. Select GPT (GUID Partition Table). Selecting this option permits sizes larger than 2 TB.
13. Click OK.
14. Right-click the drive and select New Simple Volume from the drop-down list. The New Simple
Volume Wizard opens.
15. Allocate space on the new drive, then click Next.
16. Select a drive letter for the drive, then click Next. You access the iSCSI volume using this drive
letter.
17. Enter a volume name, then click Next.
18. Select the file system, then select Quick Format, then click Next.
19. Click Finish. The new drive is configured as a Windows drive.
20. The status of the hard drive should be Healthy.
You can now access the iSCSI volume using the assigned Windows drive letter. In particular, you can
add data to the iSCSI volume using the Windows drive letter with Windows Explorer or with the
Windows command line interface.
Disconnecting from the iSCSI volume
Note: It is necessary to disconnect from iSCSI volumes before deleting the iSCSI volume.
To disconnect from the iSCSI volume, follow these steps:
1. Select Start → Administrative Tools → Computer Management. The Computer
Management window opens.
2. Select Storage.
3. Select Disk Management. The Initialize Disk dialog box opens. The hard drive appears in the
Select disks pane.
4. Right-click the drive and select Delete Volume from the drop-down menu.
5. Click OK. The Computer Management window closes.
6. Select Start → Administrative Tools → iSCSI Initiator. The iSCSI Initiator opens.
7. Select the Targets tab.
8. In the Target list, select the target.
9. Click Disconnect. The status of the target should become Inactive. However, the target is
remembered, in case you want to reconnect to the iSCSI volume again.
To permanently remove the connection to the iSCSI volume, select the Discovery tab, then
select the target IP address and click Remove. This removes the target.
10. Click OK. The iSCSI Initiator closes.
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Accessing data using the FTP protocol
Accessing data using the FTP protocol
If the FTP/SFTP protocol has been enabled for a volume, and FTP/SFTP directories have been added
to a volume, you can use FTP/SFTP commands and various applications to access that data.
Tip: In order to access data using the FTP/SFTP protocol, the following steps are necessary:
1. Create a CIFS or NFS volume. See “Adding a Volume” in the Nasuni Filer Administration
Guide.
2. Enable the FTP protocol on the volume. See “Enabling multiple volume protocols” on
page 142 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
3. (Optional) Configure FTP settings. See “Configuring FTP settings” on page 281 in the Nasuni
Filer Administration Guide.
4. Add a new FTP/SFTP directory. See “Adding FTP directories for a volume” on page 134 in
the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
5. (Optional) Create a permission group that has storage access. See “Adding Permission
Groups” on page 350 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
6. (Optional) Create a user in a permission group that has storage access. See “Adding Users”
on page 356 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide. Active Directory and LDAP users can
log in for FTP access just as they do for CIFS access. Also, if anonymous access is enabled,
you don't need a specific group or user.
7. Access files using the FTP/SFTP protocol.
To access data using FTP commands, use commands such as these:
1. Enter the following FTP command:
ftp <filer DNS | filer IP>
where <filer DNS | filer IP> is the DNS or IP address or hostname of the Nasuni
Filer.
2. When prompted, enter a valid username and password for that Nasuni Filer.
Note: This user must belong to a permission group that has Storage Access enabled.
See “Users and Groups” on page 347.
3. Navigate to the directory using a command of the form:
cd /<ftp_directory>/<folder_name>
where <ftp_directory> is the name of the FTP directory and <folder_name> is the
name of the folder that the FTP access is defined for.
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Mounting a CIFS Share in Linux or UNIX
Alternatively, follow these steps:
1. Enter the following on the address bar of your Web browser:
ftp://<user_name>@<filer>/<ftp_directory>/<folder_name>
where
<user_name> is the username of the user. This user must belong to a permission group
that has Storage Access enabled. See “Users and Groups” on page 347.
<filer> is the IP address or hostname of the Nasuni Filer.
<ftp_directory> is the name of the FTP directory.
<folder_name> is the name of the folder that FTP access is defined for.
Note: If you are not logging in anonymously, you still must specify a username in the URL,
such as ftp://username@ftp.server.hostname. This is true even if Anonymous
access is not enabled.
2. When prompted, enter a valid username and password for that Nasuni Filer.
Note: This user must belong to a permission group that has Storage Access enabled.
See “Users and Groups” on page 347.
3. A display of the FTP/SFTP directory appears. You can then navigate this directory to access
folders and files.
Mounting a CIFS Share in Linux or UNIX
You can mount a CIFS share in Linux or UNIX using the mount.cifs command. There should not be
any issues between the CIFS character set and the Linux character set. In most cases, use
mount.cifs with the option iocharset=utf-8. CIFS shares are case-sensitive by default, which is
consistent with Linux.
Note: Even if case-sensitivity is not enabled, non-Windows clients such as Linux might still
treat the paths as case-sensitive.
To ensure that paths are treated as case-insensitive, mount shares using the nocase option,
such as in this command:
mount -v -t cifs –o nocase,<options> <share IP address> /mnt/<folder>
Note: You must have share privileges to access the folder on the Nasuni Filer. See “Adding a
New CIFS Share to a Volume” and “Editing a CIFS Share” in the Nasuni Filer Administration
Guide for more details.
Note: If the Nasuni Filer is running in Active Directory security mode, the Linux clients must
connect to the Nasuni Filer as Active Directory users.
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Mounting a CIFS Share in Linux or UNIX
In UNIX and Linux, the default permissions for certain folders and files are as follows:
Folder or file
Permissions
.nasuni
500
.nasuni/sync_logs/
500
Files in .nasuni/sync_logs/
444
.nasuni/av_violations/
500
Files in .nasuni/av_violations/
444
.nasuni/file_alerts/
500
Files in .nasuni/file_alerts/
444
.nasuni/audit/
500
Files in .nasuni/audit/
444
If you change the permissions on any of these folders and files, the Nasuni Filer preserves your
changes. However, new files still receive the default permissions of 444. The owner of each folder can
delete files in that folder.
To mount a CIFS share enter the following command:
mount -t cifs -o iocharset=utf-8, user=<username>,
domain=<domain-shortname> //<filername>/<sharename> /<localdir>
where:
•
username is the username to connect as.
•
domain-shortname is the shortname (not the fully-qualified domain name) of the
domain.
•
filername is the name or the IP address of the Nasuni Filer.
•
sharename is the name of the CIFS share on the Nasuni Filer.
•
localdir is the name of the local Linux directory.
The result of the mount command is to mount the CIFS share in the local directory. Users can then add
data to the volume with CIFS enabled using copy commands.
Tip: You can place the mount command in a script that runs on login and mounts the CIFS
share automatically.
Tip: Depending on the specific operating system, performing the mount might also create a
graphical icon of the export that allows drag and drop and other GUI actions.
To disconnect from the CIFS share, use the unmount command.
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Defining NFS datastores using VMware client
Defining NFS datastores using VMware client
You can use a VMware client, such as the VMware vSphere Client, to define NFS datastores.
To define NFS datastores using a VMware client, follow these steps:
1. On the VMware client, select the host from the list.
2. Select the Configuration tab, then select Storage from the list on the left.
3. In the Datastores area, click Add Storage. The Add Storage dialog box appears.
4. In the Storage Type area, select Network File System, then click Next.
5. In the Properties area, in the Server text box, enter the IP address of the Nasuni Filer.
6. In the Properties area, in the Folder text box, enter the following:
/nfs/<name of NFS volume or NFS export>
where <name of NFS volume or NFS export> is the case-sensitive name of either the
volume with NFS enabled or the NFS export.
7. In the Properties area, in the Datastore Name text box, enter the name that you want to give to
this datastore.
8. Click Next, then review the information and click Finish.
The datastore appears in the Datastores list.
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Mounting an NFS Export in Linux or UNIX
Mounting an NFS Export in Linux or UNIX
You can mount an NFS export in Linux or UNIX using the mount command.
Note: Youmusthaveexportprivilegestoaccessthefolderonthe NasuniFiler.See
and “Editing an NFS Export” in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide for more details.
In UNIX and Linux, the default permissions for certain folders and files are as follows:
Folder or file
Permissions
.nasuni
500
.nasuni/sync_logs/
500
Files in .nasuni/sync_logs/
444
.nasuni/av_violations/
500
Files in .nasuni/av_violations/
444
.nasuni/file_alerts/
500
Files in .nasuni/file_alerts/
444
.nasuni/audit/
500
Files in .nasuni/audit/
444
If you change the permissions on any of these folders and files, the Nasuni Filer preserves your
changes. However, new files still receive the default permissions of 444. The owner of each folder can
delete files in that folder.
To mount an NFS export in Linux or UNIX, enter the following command:
mount -t nfs <IP address>:/nfs/<exportname> <target>
where:
•
IP address is the name or the IP address of the Nasuni Filer.
•
exportname is the name of the NFS export on the Nasuni Filer.
•
target is the name of the local directory.
Note: If the default options for the mount command do not work, use these explicit options:
mount -o tcp,nfsvers=3,timeo=600,rsize=16384,wsize=16384,hard
This version of the mount command includes these explicit options:
• TCP.
• 10-minute timeout.
• Read and write sizes of 16 KB.
• Hard mount (soft mounts can corrupt data).
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Mounting an NFS Export in Linux or UNIX
The result of the mount command is to mount the NFS export in the target directory. Users can then
add data to the volume with NFS enabled using copy commands.
Tip: You can place the mount command in a script that runs on login and mounts the NFS
export automatically.
Tip: Depending on the specific operating system, performing the mount might also create a
graphical icon of the export that allows drag and drop and other GUI actions.
To disconnect from the NFS export, use the unmount command.
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Web Access
Web Access
Using Nasuni Web Access, you can access CIFS share data or NFS export data stored in the Nasuni
Filer using a Web browser. Some of the actions you can perform depend on the capabilities of the Web
browser.
Note: To access data in an NFS export, you must enable the CIFS protocol for the NFS
volume. See “Multiple Volume Protocols” on page 141 in the Nasuni Filer Administration
Guide.
Note: You must enable Web Access for the CIFS share that you want to access. For details,
see “Adding a New CIFS Share to a Volume” on page 107 or “Editing a CIFS Share” on
page 120 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
Tip: The user must have Active Directory or Storage Access permissions. See “Users and
Groups” on page 347 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
The URL of the Web Access page is similar to the URL of the Nasuni Filer user interface. For example,
if you use this URL to access your Nasuni Filer user interface:
https://yourfiler.example.com:8443/
then the URL of the Web Access page is:
https://yourfiler.example.com:443/
After you log in, the Nasuni Web Access page appears.
Figure 2-3: Nasuni Web Access page.
The Nasuni Web Access page shows a list of the CIFS shares available on this Nasuni Filer.
Tip: You can change the logo and the primary and secondary colors of the Web Access
display for branding purposes. See “Web Access Branding” on page 364 in the Nasuni Filer
Administration Guide.
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Web Access
Opening a CIFS share or directory
To open a CIFS share or directory, click the name of that CIFS share or directory. The contents appear
as a list.
Figure 2-4: Contents of directory.
The path to the directory appears above the list on the left. To navigate to a higher point in the directory
hierarchy, click one of the directory names in the path.
Sorting directory
To sort the display, click the Sort button
Modified from the list.
in the upper right, then select Type, Name, Size, or
Uploading file
To upload a file to this directory, click the Upload files button
Upload Files dialog box appears.
above the list on the right. The
Figure 2-5: Upload Files dialog box.
To navigate to the files to upload, click Choose Files. Alternatively, drag and drop the selected files
onto the drag and drop area.
Tip: If a file already exists with the same name as the file you are uploading, you are asked to
confirm overwriting the existing file. Alternatively, click Done.
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Web Access
Downloading files and folders
To download a file, several files, or a folder, first select the items to download. You can click on a single
item to select it, or Ctrl-click on multiple items to select them all. The Download icon appears in the
upper row.
Figure 2-6: Download icon.
When you have selected all the items to download, click the Download button. Your Web browser then
downloads the items as it has been configured. If you download multiple files or a folder, the result is a
.zip file.
Tip: The largest file that can be downlloaded using Web Access is 2 GB.
Tip: You can download at most 2,000 files at a time.
Creating folders
To create a folder inside this folder, click the Add Folder button
name for the new folder.
above the list on the right. Enter a
Creating internal links to files or folders
To create an internal link URL to a file or folder in Web Access, select the file or folder, then click the
above the list on the right. The Share Internal Link dialog box appears.
Get internal link button
Figure 2-7: Share Internal Link dialog box.
You can copy the text of the internal link URL for use elsewhere. The link opens an instance of Web
Access and displays the linked object.
Shared Links
A shared link is a URL that points to a specific file or folder within Web Access. This can be useful for
providing a trusted partner or contractor with access to a folder or file that they do not have credentials
to access directly.
Shared links are only available for CIFS shares.
You can control how long until the shared link expires, whether a password is required, and who is
allowed to create shared links. All access through shared links is audited, if auditing is enabled for the
volume. See “File System Auditing” on page 78 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
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Web Access
To create shared links, Shared Links must be enabled for the CIFS share, and the user must have
permission. See “Web Access Settings” on page 115 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
To create a shared link to a folder or file, select the item, then click the Share public link button
above the list on the right. If the button does not appear, either Shared Links is not enabled for the CIFS
share, or the user does not have permission. See “Web Access Settings” on page 115 in the Nasuni
Filer Administration Guide.
The Share Public Link dialog box appears.
Figure 2-8: Share Public Link dialog box.
Click On, then select an expiration date and the type of access. If a password is required, enter the
password for this item. Click Create. The Share Public Link dialog box appears, displaying the shared
link URL.
Figure 2-9: Share Public Link dialog box with shared link URL.
You can copy the text of the link URL for use elsewhere. The link opens an instance of Web Access and
displays the linked object. The link works only until the specified expiration date. If a password is
required, the password must be entered to access the linked object.
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Web Access
You can change the shared link for an item by selecting the item with the shared link and clicking the
above the list on the right. The Share Public Link dialog box appears.
Share public link button
Figure 2-10: Share Public Link dialog box.
To view the shared link URL again, click Regenerate.
You can toggle the shared link On or Off.
You can select an expiration date and the type of access.
If a password is required, you can enter the password for this item.
Click Update. The Share Public Link dialog box appears, displaying the shared link URL.
Opening or previewing file
To access a file, click the file name. If the file is of a format that the browser can handle, a preview of the
file opens in the browser. Supported file types include images, PDFs, documents (including text,
Microsoft Word, Open Office, rich text format), presentations (including Microsoft PowerPoint and
Open Office), spreadsheets (including Microsoft Excel, Open Office, and .csv), video (including .mp4
and .mov), and audio (including .mp3 and .wav).
Note: Streaming video does not work with self-signed certificates. To add a new certificate,
see “SSL Server and Client Certificates” on page 330 in the Nasuni Filer Administration
Guide.
Note: The document preview feature of Nasuni Web Access requires a minimum of 8 GiB
and version OS7 of the Nasuni Filer base operating system.
Note: The maximum file size for preview is 250 MB.
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Web Access
Previews appear in a separate display box. When the preview box appears, you can navigate to the
next and previous files in the folder using right and left arrows.
Audio and video previews include controls to start, pause, mute, unmute, adjust volume, and display
fullscreen.
You can scroll forwards and backwards through multipage documents using your mouse scroll
function.
If the file is of a format that the browser does not recognize, you are offered the option of downloading
the file.
If the display takes a while to present, a message appears offering you the option of downloading the
file. If the display takes longer than 20 seconds to appear, a message appears offering you the option
of downloading the file.
Viewing details
To view details of an item, select the item, then click the View Details button
the page.
at the upper right of
If the item is a directory, the Directory Info pane appears.
Figure 2-11: Directory Info pane.
The name of the directory appears, as well as the date last modified and an indication of whether the
directory is shared.
To view other versions of the directory, if available, click Versions. A list of available versions appears.
Figure 2-12: Directory Info Versions pane.
To open a previous version of the selected directory, click a version in the list. That version of the
directory is selected. To exit from the selected version, click “X” at the top of the page.
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Web Access
If the item is a file, the File Info pane appears.
Figure 2-13: File Info pane.
The name of the file appears, as well as the date last modified, the size, and an indication of whether
the file is shared.
To view other versions of the file, if available, click Versions. A list of available versions appears. To
open a previous version of the selected file, click a version in the list. That version of the file is selected.
To exit from the selected version, click “X” at the top of the page.
Deleting file or empty directory
To delete a file or empty directory, select the item, then click the Delete button
dialog box appears. Click Delete to delete the item.
in the upper right. A
Note: The directory must be empty before you delete it.
Showing hidden files
To show hidden files, click the Settings button
files, select Yes, then click Save.
on the left. A dialog box appears. To show hidden
Nasuni Filer user interface
To go to the Nasuni Filer user interface, click the user name in the top right corner, then select Filer
Admin Access from the drop-down list.
Logging out
To logout from this page, click the user name in the top right corner, then select Logout from the dropdown list.
Nasuni Corporate Web Site
To visit the Nasuni corporate Web site, click the user name in the top right corner, then select Visit
Nasuni.com from the drop-down list.
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Nasuni Mobile Access
Nasuni Mobile Access
You can access data stored in the Nasuni Filer using mobile devices, including iOS-based devices
(such as iPhone and iPad) and Android phones. Nasuni Mobile Access is available for volumes on
which the CIFS protocol has been enabled, but not for NFS-only or iSCSI-only volumes. You must
enable Nasuni Mobile Access for a CIFS share in order to access its folders and files from mobile
devices. For details, see step r of “Adding a New CIFS Share to a Volume” on page 107, or “Editing a
CIFS Share” on page 120 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide. In addition, the mobile device must
be enabled, as described in “Mobile Access: Managing access by mobile devices” on page 251.
Tip: To enable mobile access to a CIFS share for some users, but not all users, create a
second CIFS share to the same data as the original CIFS share. Then enable mobile access to
the second CIFS share and permit only those specific users to have access to the second
CIFS share.
You must download and install the appropriate Nasuni Mobile Access application for your platform.
See “Nasuni Desktop and Mobile Access” on page 249 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
Providing Access to the Nasuni Mobile Access Application to Users
The Nasuni Mobile application needs the following information to access your Nasuni Filers: host
address, port number, and user credentials. The administrator has several options for providing this
information to configure the Nasuni Mobile application for users. Several of these methods simplify
login, so that the user does not need to know the host or port.
Configuring DNS to Simplify User Login
The administrator can configure the company DNS server to simplify user login to your Nasuni Filers. A
properly configured DNS includes the host and port necessary for Mobile Access. When the user enters
their company email address and password into the Nasuni Mobile Access application, the application
retrieves the host and port from the DNS to simplify the login. As a result, the user only needs to enter
their company email address and password, instead of entering their username, password, host, and
port.
See “Mobile Access: Configuring DNS to Simplify User Login” on page 253 in the Nasuni Filer
Administration Guide and “Logging in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application” on page 61 in the
Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
Providing Link to Users
The administrator can also create a link to share access information for your Nasuni Filers. This link can
include the hostname or IP address, the port number, and the username. The administrator can then
email this link to users to simplify the process of connecting them to Mobile Access. The link has this
form:
https://<hostname>:<portnumber>/fs/mobile/config?username=<username>
Since the username is optional, the link might also have this form:
https://<hostname>:<portnumber>/fs/mobile/config
Opening this link on the mobile device launches the Nasuni Mobile Access application, and fills in
information necessary to log in to the Nasuni Filer.
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Nasuni Mobile Access
The user can then log in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application using Active Directory credentials,
which might include the domain, and their username and password.
See “Mobile Access: Creating an invitation link” on page 252 in the Nasuni Filer Administration Guide.
Providing Hostname and Port to Users
If the administrator has not configured the company DNS server to simplify user login to your Nasuni
Filers, the administrator can, alternatively, directly provide the hostname or IP address of the Nasuni
Filer, along with the port. If VPN access is required for your mobile deployment, then the hostname
should be the internal hostname or IP address and the port should be 443. If direct external access is
allowed for mobile devices, then the administrator should provide the external hostname or IP address
and port that has been configured. Those should use network address translation (NAT) to re-direct to
the internal hostname or IP address and the port 443, or another port that the Administrator has set up
for Mobile Access.
Logging in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application
If the administrator has configured the company DNS server to simplify user login to your Nasuni
Filers, the login screen looks like this.
Figure 2-14: Initial Login screen.
You must enter your company email address and password. If available, the host and port are retrieved
from DNS.
If multiple sites are defined, you can select a site from a list:
Figure 2-15: Initial Login screen when DNS configured for multiple sites.
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Nasuni Mobile Access
If the administrator has not configured the company DNS server to simplify user login to your
Nasuni Filers, but you have used the administrator-created link containing the host and port, the
login screen looks like this.
Figure 2-16: Login screen when using link.
You must enter Active Directory credentials, which might include the domain, and username and
password. The host and port are provided.
If the administrator has not configured the company DNS server to simplify user login to your
Nasuni Filers, and you have not employed the administrator-created link containing the host and
port, the Advanced checkbox appears. Select the Advanced check box, and the login screen looks
like this.
Figure 2-17: Login screen when entering host, port, and credentials.
You then log in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application using your Active Directory credentials.
Credentials include the domain, username, and password. The domain is optional, depending upon
how Active Directory is configured.
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Nasuni Mobile Access
Using the Nasuni Mobile Access application
See www.nasuni.com/support/documentation for a worksheet for planning Nasuni Mobile Access
configurations.
This section presents some of the actions that you can perform using mobile devices. Some of the
actions available depend on which mobile platform you are using.
Tip: The figures show images from an Android tablet. The screens might appear different on
other mobile platforms.
After you log in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application, a list of the CIFS shares available on this
Nasuni Filer appears.
Figure 2-18: Shares available on mobile device.
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Folder-Level Tasks
Opening a CIFS share or folder
To open a CIFS share or folder, tap the name of that CIFS share or folder. The contents appear as a list.
Figure 2-19: List of folders.
To sort the display, tap the Sort icon
following:
at the top right. From the drop-down list, select one of the

Name: To sort the list by name of the item.

Modified Time: To sort the list by the time the item was last modified.

Type: To sort the list by type of item.
Tip: For iOS, the same sort options appear at the top of the list of folders and files.
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Navigating folder hierarchy
To navigate to a higher point in the folder hierarchy, tap the upward-facing arrow button at the top left.
Tip: For iOS, tap the leftward-facing arrow button at the top left.
Manually entering paths
To manually enter a path to a file or folder, tap the three-dot icon in the upper right corner. A drop-down
menu appears.
Figure 2-20: Drop-down menu.
Tap Go to. The “Go to Path” dialog box appears. Enter the path, then tap Browse. The specified path
opens.
File Operations
Viewing details about a file
To view information about a file, tap the drop-down icon
pane appears.
beside its name. The drop-down menu
Figure 2-21: Drop-down menu pane.
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Tap Details. A page appears showing information including the name, size, and date modified.
Figure 2-22: File information.
Note: For iOS, if a file is in the cache, a symbol appears next to the file name.
Figure 2-23: Symbol indicating file in cache.
Buttons are available to perform the following operations:
•
View File, if the mobile device can handle the file format. Otherwise, Download the file. See
“Opening a file” on page 67.
•
Versions: view any available previous versions of the file. See “Viewing and restoring previous
versions of a file” on page 68.
•
Share: Sharing the file as either an attachment or a link. See “Sharing a file as an attachment”
on page 70 and “Sharing a file as a link” on page 71.
Tip: For iOS, tap the share icon at the top right.
•
Favorite: To tag a file as a favorite. See “Tagging a file or folder as favorite” on page 73.
Tip: For iOS, tap the star icon above the file name.
•
Open with: To select an app to open a file with. See “Opening a file with a specific app” on
page 69.
Tip: For iOS, tap the share icon at the top right.
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Opening a file
To open a file, tap the file name. If the file is of a format that the mobile device can handle (such as
graphics, text, or PDF), a preview of the file opens. (On some mobile platforms, a new display opens on
which you can choose an action.)
Figure 2-24: Open file preview.
To see a full-screen version of the file, tap the arrow at the upper left of the preview pane.
Figure 2-25: Open PDF file.
You can perform additional actions by tapping the three-dot icon in the upper right corner. For some
file formats, such as videos, this icon might not be available.
If the file is an image file, such as a .JPG or .PNG file, among other image files, you can move from one
image to the next in a folder by swiping left or swiping right.
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Viewing and restoring previous versions of a file
To view any available previous versions of the file, tap the drop-down icon
beside its name, then
tap Versions. If any previous versions of the file are available, they appear in a list.
Figure 2-26: Versions of file.
The different versions include the file name, file size, and file date and time.
To view one of the previous versions, tap the file name.
To view a menu of other available actions for a previous version, tap the drop-down icon
name.
beside its
Figure 2-27: Available actions for versions of file.
To view details of a previous version, tap Details.
To open a previous version with a specific app, tap Open with and select the app from the list. The file
opens in the selected app.
To replace the current version of the file with the selected previous version, tap Restore. To verify that
you want to restore the selected previous version as the current version, tap Restore. The selected
previous version of the file becomes the current version.
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File Access
Opening a file with a specific app
To select an app to open a file with, tap the drop-down icon
A list of apps appears that can open the file on the device.
beside its name, then tap “Open with”.
Figure 2-28: Apps that can open file on device.
Tip: For iOS, tap the share icon at the top right.
Select an app from the list. To always open similar files with the selected app, click Always. Otherwise,
click “Just once”. The file opens in the selected app.
Accessing files directly from apps
On Android platforms, apps can directly open files on the Nasuni Filer. You must first log in to the
Nasuni Mobile Access application.
To open a file on the Nasuni Filer from within the app, perform the usual File Open procedure for that
app. Select Browse. A list of file sources appears.
Figure 2-29: Sources for files on device.
Select Nasuni from the list. The Nasuni app displays available files on the Nasuni Filer. Navigate to the
file you want. When done with the file in the app, perform the usual File Save procedure. The file is
saved to the Nasuni Filer.
On both iOS and Android platforms, apps can directly save files on the Nasuni Filer. You must first log
in to the Nasuni Mobile Access application.
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To create a new file on the Nasuni Filer within the app, perform the usual New File procedure for that
app. When done with the file in the app, perform the usual File Save As procedure. Select Browse or
Share. A list of available destinations, including the Nasuni Filer, appears.
Figure 2-30: Destinations for file on device.
Select Nasuni from the list. The Nasuni app displays the Nasuni Filer. Navigate to the folder where you
want to save the new file. The file is saved to the Nasuni Filer.
Uploading a file
To upload a file to a folder on the Nasuni Filer, navigate to the destination folder, then tap the Upload
icon at the bottom of the display.
Figure 2-31: Upload icon.
Tip: For iOS, tap the three-dot icon at the top right, then tap “Upload File”.
A menu appears with several choices of the kind of item to upload.
Figure 2-32: Upload list.
Select the type of item from the list. A list appears of folders and available files for that type of item on
the device. Navigate to the file to upload, then select it. Tap OK.
Sharing a file as an attachment
To share the file as an attachment, such as an attachment to an email, tap the drop-down icon
beside its name. The drop-down pane appears showing available actions, including Share, Favorite,
Details, Versions, Open with, and Delete.
Figure 2-33: Drop-down pane.
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Tap Share, then tap Attachment.
Tip: For iOS, tap the share icon at the top right.
Then tap “Email File” or “Email Link”.
A window appears with a list of available apps that can share this file as an attachment.
Figure 2-34: Apps that can share file as attachment.
Select the app from the list, then follow instructions for that app.
Sharing a file as a link
To share a link to the file, tap the drop-down icon
Internal Link.
beside its name, then tap Share, then tap
Tip: For iOS, tap the share icon at the top right.
Then tap “Email Link” or “Copy Link”.
A window appears with a list of available apps that can share a link to this file. Select the app from the
list, then follow instructions for that app.
Tip: Users should use a Web browser to open shared links.
To Edit or Update a link, tap the link, then tap Edit or Update.
Figure 2-35: Update shared link.
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You can change the expiration date, the password, and other features of the link. To retain the same
link with the new features, tap Update.
To create a new link with the new features, and make the existing link invalid, tap Regenerate.
Figure 2-36: Regenerate shared link.
To remove a link on Android platforms, tap Remove.
Figure 2-37: Remove shared link.
To remove a link on iOS platforms, turn off “Share via a public link”, then tap Delete.
Folder-Level Operations
Creating a folder
To create a folder, navigate to the folder in which to create the new folder. In the upper right corner, tap
the three-dot icon, then tap New Folder. The “Enter a directory name” dialog box appears.
Figure 2-38: “Enter a directory name” dialog box.
Enter a name for the new folder, then tap OK. A new folder is created.
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Tagging a file or folder as favorite
To tag a file or folder as a favorite, tap the drop-down icon
beside its name, then tap the star icon
. Favorite files and folders remain on the device for off-line access.
Tip: For iOS, tap the star icon above the file name.
Note: The files and folders within a favorite folder are not automatically also Favorites. You
must tag each item as a favorite separately.
Viewing favorite files or folders
Favorite files remain on the device for off-line access.
To view favorite files or folders, tap the menu icon in the upper left, then select Favorites.
Tip: For iOS, tap the star icon at the bottom of the display.
A list of favorite files and folders appears. Favorite files remain on the device for off-line access.
Figure 2-39: Favorites list.
Note: The files and folders within a favorite folder are not automatically also Favorites. You
must tag each item as a favorite separately.
Searching for file names
To search for file names in a folder, navigate to the folder, then tap in the Search area at the top of the
screen.
Figure 2-40: Search area.
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Enter text in the Search area. Any files in the folder that contain the text appear in a list with the search
text highlighted.
Figure 2-41: Search list.
Tip: The search does not include any subfolders of the selected folder.
Deleting a file or empty folder
To delete a file or an empty folder, tap the drop-down icon
beside its name, then tap Delete.
Tip: For iOS, tap the three-dot icon at the top right, then tap Delete. Select files or folders to
delete.
A message appears, verifying that you want to delete the file. Tap Delete.
Administrative Operations
Settings
To access the app settings, tap the menu icon at the top left (for iOS, bottom right), then select
Settings. The Settings page appears.
Figure 2-42: Settings page.
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On the Settings page, you can view the User name, Host name, and Company Name for the
currently logged in user. You can also view the Favorites size and App version. You can also view
information About Nasuni Mobile.
To specify that you stay logged in even when the Nasuni Mobile Access application is not running,
select “Stay Logged In”.
If you have selected “Stay Logged In”: To use a passcode instead of the full credentials when
logging in, select “Use Security Passcode”. Enter the passcode, then verify the passcode. You
can then use this passcode when logging in.
To specify that you be warned before attempting to download data when not on a Wi-Fi connection,
select “Warn before downloading when not on a Wi-Fi connection”.
To send feedback to Nasuni, tap Send Feedback, then use the appropriate app to send a message.
Logging out
To log out from the Nasuni Mobile Access application, tap the three-dot icon at the top right of the
display, then tap Log Out. A dialog appears warning you that logging out removes all saved data from
the device. To continue anyway, tap Remove Data. Otherwise, tap Cancel.
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Nasuni Desktop Client
Nasuni Desktop Client
Nasuni combines the best features of consumer file-sharing applications with the secure and robust
storage infrastructure that enterprises demand. The Nasuni Desktop Client provides an easy-to-use,
enterprise-friendly service for accessing enterprise data. The Nasuni Desktop Client consists of a
simple portal interface to the Nasuni Filer on the user’s computer. The Nasuni Desktop Client is
available for Windows, Linux, and OSX platforms.
Installation
The Nasuni Desktop Client requires a separate installation and configuration on each end user’s
computer. For more details see the Nasuni Desktop Client Administrator Guide and the Nasuni Desktop
Client User Guide.
Configuration
You can configure many features of the Nasuni Desktop Client, including the following:
Figure 2-43: Nasuni Desktop Client Add Connection Wizard, 01 Connect to a Filer page.
•
Filer name or IP address, and port.
•
Username for the Nasuni Filer.
•
Password for the Username of the Nasuni Filer.
•
Proxy, including proxy type, proxy server and port, and password.
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Figure 2-44: 02 Choose Source page.
•
Source CIFS share or subdirectory on the Nasuni Filer.
Figure 2-45: 03 Choose Target page.
•
Target directory on your local computer.
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Preferences
You can also specify preferences about the processing of the Nasuni Desktop Client, including the
following:
Figure 2-46: 04 Preferences page.
•
Exclude any files or directories by name, using wildcards and regular expressions.
•
Direction of data flow between the Nasuni Desktop Client and the Nasuni Filer, including BiDirectional, Only Filer to Client, and Only Client to Filer.
•
Upload of smaller files to the Nasuni Filer before the expiration of the Sync Frequency.
Nasuni Desktop Client controls
You can perform a number of actions using the Nasuni Desktop Client control menu.
Figure 2-47: Nasuni Desktop Client control menu.
Creating a new connection to a Nasuni Filer
You can create a new connection to a Nasuni Filer by selecting Create a Connection from the Nasuni
Desktop Client control menu.
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Managing existing connections to Nasuni Filers
You can manage existing connections to Nasuni Filers by selecting Manage Connections from the
Nasuni Desktop Client control menu.
Changing preferences
You can change preferences, including the following, by selecting Preferences from the Nasuni
Desktop Client control menu:
•
All preferences listed above.
•
Details of logging events for the Nasuni Desktop Client, including the following:
•
Maximum size of the log file in MB.
•
Level of logging.
•
Maximum bandwidth to use to upload data to the Nasuni Filer and to download data from
the Nasuni Filer.
Updating the connection to the Nasuni Filer
You can update the connection to the Nasuni Filer by selecting Update from the Nasuni Desktop Client
control menu.
Viewing revision information of the Nasuni Desktop Client
You can view the revision information of the Nasuni Desktop Client by selecting About from the Nasuni
Desktop Client control menu.
Stopping the Nasuni Desktop Client
You can stop the Nasuni Desktop Client by selecting Exit from the Nasuni Desktop Client control menu.
Nasuni Web page
You can open the Nasuni Web page by selecting Nasuni from the Nasuni Desktop Client control menu.
Latest synced files
You can view a list of the last 5 synced files by selecting Latest Sync from the Nasuni Desktop Client
control menu.
Using files or folders from the Nasuni Filer
You select a source share on the Nasuni Filer. Any files or folders in that source share are available in
the target directory you select. Within the target directory, navigate to the files or folders you want to
use. You can perform actions on any of these files or folders, including opening, copying, and deleting.
Note: The specific results of some actions depend on the Connection Direction.
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Adding files or folders to the Nasuni Filer
Any files or folders that you add to the target directory that you select are automatically transferred to
the source share on the Nasuni Filer that you selected.
Note: The specific results of actions depend on the Connection Direction.
Warning: If a file changes on the Nasuni Desktop Client and synchronizes with the
Nasuni Filer, the Client version of the file overwrites the Filer version of the file if it already
exists. To recover an earlier version of the file, use Filer Versions.
Warning: When considering synchronizing data in existing folders, especially when the
folders already contain data, verify that you want them synchronized. If you want the data
to be separate, creating another directory or share that is not synchronized might be
preferable.
Copy files or folders from any source. Navigate to the target directory you selected. Within the target
directory, navigate to the folder where you want to add files or folders. Paste the files or folders into the
folder within the target directory.
You can verify that any added files or folders are present on the Nasuni Filer by using the File Browser
feature of the Nasuni Filer user interface or the Nasuni Management Console user interface.
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Appendix A: IP Address Configuration
Overview
You can change the IP address of the Nasuni Filer using commands on the console. For example, you
might want to change the IP address if you do not want to use the initial default IP address, or if the
current IP address is not valid. Also, if you make an entry error when setting network parameters, you
can correct it using the IP address configuration commands in this section.
Using console commands
Console commands enable you to obtain information about the network configuration, and modify
values of the network configuration.
Note: Console commands are not available on the Microsoft Azure or Amazon EC2 virtual
platforms.
To access console commands, follow these steps:
1. Access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, use a
keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual machine,
use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure A-1: Console prompt.
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2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure A-2: Service Menu.
Note: For security, use the changepassword command to change the password for the
service console.
3. To see a list of available commands, enter help at the prompt. To see details about each
command, enter help <command>.
Figure A-3: List of available commands.
4. To access commands to change the network configuration, enter editnetwork at the prompt.
The network prompt appears.
Figure A-4: Network prompt.
5. To see a list of available editnetwork commands, enter help at the prompt. To see details about
each editnetwork command, enter help <command>.
Figure A-5: List of available editnetwork commands.
6. To exit the editnetwork commands, enter close.
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Overview
7. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
Important: After making any network changes, you must use the Nasuni Filer to enter
those settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the platform. This applies to all
network changes.
Changing network device and system parameters
You can use console commands to change network device and system parameters such as the
network device IP address, netmask, and MTU, as well as the system hostname, default gateway, DNS
servers, and search domains.
Important: After making any changes, you must use the Nasuni Filer to enter those settings
so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the platform. This applies to all changes.
To change network device and system parameters at the console, follow these steps:
1. Access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, use a
keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual machine,
use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure A-6: Console prompt.
2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure A-7: Service Menu.
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Overview
3. Enter editnetwork at the prompt. The network prompt appears.
Figure A-8: Network prompt.
4. To use DHCP settings for the network device and the system, enter the following command:
setall dhcp
Press Enter. The setall dhcp command runs:
Figure A-9: setall dhcp command.
The network device and the system use DHCP settings. Continue with step 6 on page 86.
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5. To use static settings for the network device and the system, enter the following command:
setall static
Press Enter. The setall static command runs:
Figure A-10: setall static command.
a. To change the IP address, enter a new IP address and press Enter. To leave the current IP
address unchanged, press Enter.
b. To change the netmask, enter a netmask and press Enter. To leave the current netmask
unchanged, press Enter.
c. To change the MTU, enter an MTU and press Enter. To leave the current MTU unchanged,
press Enter.
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size (in bytes) of the largest protocol data unit
that the layer can pass onwards. A larger MTU brings greater efficiency, because each
packet carries more user data while protocol overheads, such as headers, remain fixed; the
resulting higher efficiency means a slight improvement in the bulk protocol throughput. A
larger MTU also means processing fewer packets for the same amount of data. However,
large packets can occupy a slow link for some time, causing greater delays to following
packets, and increasing lag and minimum latency.
d. To change any of the above values, enter yes, then use step a, step b, and step c to change
the values.
Alternatively, to leave the values unchanged, enter No or press Enter.
e. To change the hostname, enter a new hostname and press Enter. To leave the current
hostname unchanged, press Enter.
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f.
To change the default gateway, enter a default gateway and press Enter. To leave the current
default gateway unchanged, press Enter.
g. To change the DNS server, enter one or two DNS servers separated by spaces and press
Enter. To leave the current DNS server unchanged, press Enter.
h. To change the search domain, enter one or more search domains separated by spaces and
press Enter. To leave the current search domain unchanged, press Enter.
i.
To change any of the above values, enter yes, then use step e, step f, step g, and step h to
change the values.
Alternatively, to leave the values unchanged, enter No.
j.
To save your values, enter save.
6. To exit the editnetwork commands, enter close.
7. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
8. On the Nasuni Filer, enter any changed settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the
platform.
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Changing static IP address and other network parameters
You can use console commands to change network parameters such as the static IP address,
netmask, and MTU, as well as the hostname, default gateway, DNS servers, and search domains.
Important: After making any changes, you must use the Nasuni Filer to enter those settings
so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the platform. This applies to all changes.
To change the static IP address and other network parameters at the console, follow these steps:
1. Access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, use a
keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual machine,
use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure A-11: Console prompt.
2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure A-12: Service Menu.
3. Enter editnetwork at the prompt. The network prompt appears.
Figure A-13: Network prompt.
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4. Enter the following command:
setaddr static
Press Enter. The setaddr static command runs:
Figure A-14: setaddr static command.
5. To change the IP address, enter a new IP address and press Enter. To leave the current IP
address unchanged, press Enter.
6. To change the netmask, enter a netmask and press Enter. To leave the current netmask
unchanged, press Enter.
7. To change the MTU, enter an MTU and press Enter. To leave the current MTU unchanged,
press Enter.
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size (in bytes) of the largest protocol data unit that
the layer can pass onwards. A larger MTU brings greater efficiency, because each packet
carries more user data while protocol overheads, such as headers, remain fixed; the resulting
higher efficiency means a slight improvement in the bulk protocol throughput. A larger MTU also
means processing fewer packets for the same amount of data. However, large packets can
occupy a slow link for some time, causing greater delays to following packets, and increasing
lag and minimum latency.
8. To change any of the above values, enter yes, then use step 5, step 6, and step 7 to change the
values.
Alternatively, to leave the values unchanged, enter No or press Enter.
9. Enter the following command:
setsystem static
Press Enter. The setsystem static command runs:
Figure A-15: setsystem static command.
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10. To change the hostname, enter a new hostname and press Enter. To leave the current
hostname unchanged, press Enter.
11. To change the default gateway, enter a default gateway and press Enter. To leave the current
default gateway unchanged, press Enter.
12. To change the DNS server, enter one or two DNS servers separated by spaces and press Enter.
To leave the current DNS server unchanged, press Enter.
13. To change the search domain, enter one or more search domains separated by spaces and
press Enter. To leave the current search domain unchanged, press Enter.
14. To change any of the above values, enter yes, then use step 10, step 11, step 12, and n to
change the values.
Alternatively, to leave the values unchanged, enter No or press Enter.
15. To save your network parameter values, enter save.
16. To exit the editnetwork commands, enter close.
17. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
18. On the Nasuni Filer, enter any changed settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the
platform.
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Enabling DHCP Networking
Important: After making any network changes, you must use the Nasuni Filer to enter those
settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the platform. This applies to all network
changes.
To enable DHCP networking:
1. Access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, use a
keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual machine,
use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure A-16: Console prompt.
2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure A-17: Service Menu.
3. Enter editnetwork at the prompt. The network prompt appears.
Figure A-18: Network prompt.
4. Enter the following command:
setaddr dhcp
Press Enter. The setaddr dhcp command runs.
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5. To save DHCP network parameter values, enter save.
6. To exit the editnetwork commands, enter close.
7. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
8. On the Nasuni Filer, enter any changed settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the
platform.
Viewing the MAC Address for the Nasuni Filer Hardware Appliance
You can view the MAC (media access control) addresses for the network cards in the Nasuni Filer
hardware appliance.
To view the MAC addresses:
1. On the front panel of the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, pull out the plastic slider.
2. On the top of the slider, the service tag number appears. On the bottom of the slider, the MAC
addresses for the network cards appear.
You can also use console commands to view the MAC address.
To view the MAC address, follow these steps:
1. Access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance, use a
keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual machine,
use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure A-19: Console prompt.
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2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure A-20: Service Menu.
3. Enter the following command:
showmac
4. Press Enter. The showmac command runs.
Figure A-21: showmac command.
You can view the MAC address for each network interface card.
5. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
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Appendix B: Moving a VM to Another Host
Overview
If it becomes necessary to move the virtual machine, on which the Nasuni Filer runs, to another host,
you must perform a procedure to restore the “factory” settings, then reconfigure the network settings.
Procedure
After moving the VM to a new host, you can use console commands to reset to “factory” settings, then
reconfigure the network settings.
Important: After making any changes, you must use the Nasuni Filer to enter those settings
so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the platform. This applies to all changes.
To reset to “factory” settings, then reconfigure the network settings, follow these steps:
1. After moving the VM to a new host, access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer
hardware appliance, use a keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the
Nasuni Filer virtual machine, use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt
appears.
Figure B-1: Console prompt.
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2. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure B-2: Service Menu.
3. To access commands to change the network configuration, enter editnetwork at the prompt.
The network prompt appears.
Figure B-3: Network prompt.
4. To perform a “factory reset” of the Nasuni Filer, enter factoryreset at the prompt. A
Message appears asking for permission to continue.
Warning: Executing this command destroys the current configuration and returns
the Nasuni Filer to the default settings. This command also cleans up and
reconfigures the NIC layout of the system.
5. Enter yes at the prompt.
The Nasuni Filer reboots.
6. Once again, access the console for the Nasuni Filer. For the Nasuni Filer hardware appliance,
use a keyboard and monitor attached to the hardware appliance. For the Nasuni Filer virtual
machine, use the virtual machine console window. The console prompt appears.
Figure B-4: Console prompt.
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Procedure
7. Press Enter to access the Service menu. The login prompt appears. Enter the username and
password. The login username is service, and the default password is service. The Service
Menu appears.
Figure B-5: Service Menu.
8. To access commands to change the network configuration, enter editnetwork at the prompt.
The network prompt appears.
Figure B-6: Network prompt.
9. The default is to use DHCP settings. To use DHCP settings for the network device and the
system, enter the following command:
setall dhcp
Press Enter. The setall dhcp command runs:
Figure B-7: setall dhcp command.
The network device and the system use DHCP settings. Continue with step 11.
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Procedure
10. Alternatively, to use static settings for the network device and the system, enter the following
command:
setall static
Press Enter. The setall static command runs:
Figure B-8: setall static command.
Change values as necessary and save your values.
11. To exit the editnetwork commands, enter close.
12. To exit the console commands, enter quit.
13. On the Nasuni Filer, enter any changed settings so that the Nasuni Filer is consistent with the
platform.
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Appendix C: Nasuni Terms of Service and License
Agreement
Nasuni Corporation
The Terms of Service and License Agreement for the Nasuni Filer is located at:
http://www.nasuni.com/legal/terms_of_service
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Appendix D: Glossary
The following terms are useful in understanding the Nasuni Filer.
A
Access Control List (ACL)
An access control list (ACL) is a list of permissions attached to an object. An ACL specifies which users
or system processes are granted access to objects, as well as what operations are allowed on given
objects.
Active Directory (AD)
Microsoft Active Directory (AD) is a directory service for Windows domain networks. It is part of most
Windows Server operating systems. Microsoft Active Directory enables administrators to assign
policies, deploy software, and apply critical updates to an organization. Active Directory stores its
information and settings in a central database.
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a specification for the encryption of electronic data. It has
been adopted by the U.S. government and is used worldwide. AES is approved by the National
Security Agency (NSA) for top secret information.
Authorization Code
A 6-character code used in conjunction with a Serial Number to validate an installation. Authorization
Codes are good for one use; one successful use causes an authorization code to be changed
automatically. Generating a new authorization code for a serial number does not cause a Nasuni Filer or
NMC that uses that serial number to stop working. The authorization code is only used once during
initial setup of a new or recovered Nasuni Filer or NMC. Because an Authorization Code is only used
once, an administrator can safely issue it to a user in order to install a single Nasuni Filer or NMC
without revealing Nasuni account credentials. To obtain an Authorization code for a Serial Number, visit
https://account.nasuni.com/account/serial_numbers/, or the Account Status page of the Nasuni
Management Console.
Auto Cache
A feature that immediately brings new data into the local cache from other Nasuni Filers that are
attached to a volume. Otherwise, new data is brought into the local cache from other Nasuni Filers
when that data is accessed next.
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B
byte-range locking
Byte-range locking is a form of global file locking that applies to locking a collection of bytes within a
file, rather than the entire file. Certain applications benefit from byte-range locking.
C
cache
A cache is a computer component that stores data locally so that future requests for that data can be
served faster. While all data and metadata are stored in cloud storage, data that requires regular access
is kept locally. This includes files that are re-written and data that is read often. If the requested data
does not reside locally, it is staged into the cache and provided for the request.
Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
A protocol that authenticates a user or network host to an authenticating entity.
CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol)
See “Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)” on page 99.
CIFS (Common Internet File Service)
A standard protocol that allows Windows users to share files across a network.
copy-on-write (COW) disk
The copy-on-write (COW) disk is used during the snapshot process. If any writes to the Nasuni Filer
occur during a snapshot, the previous data from the cache disk is copied to the COW disk, and the new
data is written to the cache disk. Hence, the term “copy-on-write”. This allows new writes to take place
at any time, even during the snapshot process.
D
Direct Attached Storage (DAS)
Direct-attached storage (DAS) is computer storage that is directly attached to one computer or server
and is not, without special support, directly accessible to other ones. The main alternatives to directattached storage are network-attached storage (NAS) and a storage area network (SAN).
directory quota
A limit on the amount of data in a directory. You can configure that quota reports are sent to
administrators or users when directories near or exceed their quota.
Directory Services
Services, including authentication, provided by Active Directory or LDAP.
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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network configuration protocol that provides a
network IP address for a host on an IP network automatically.
E
encryption
The Nasuni Filer encrypts data sent to cloud storage using the OpenPGP standard, with AES-256 as
the default encryption.
eviction
Data that has been copied from the Nasuni Filer to cloud storage, and that is rarely used again, is
eventually removed (“evicted”) from the Nasuni Filer’s cache to free up space for new data. If one of
these evicted files is later requested for reads or writes, the Nasuni Filer retrieves the file from cloud
storage and puts it back into the cache automatically.
export
A directory on a server volume that a client on your network can access.
F
file system
A method for storing and organizing computer files and the data that they contain in order to make it
easy to find and access them.
FTP (file transfer protocol)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to
another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
G
GB/GiB
GB is an abbreviation of gigabyte, meaning 1,000,000,000 bytes. Usually used to refer to hard disk
capacity.
GiB is an abbreviation of gibibyte, meaning 230 (1,073,741,824) bytes. Usually used to refer to RAM
memory.
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global file locking
The purpose of the global file locking feature is to prevent conflicts when two or more users attempt to
change the same file on different Nasuni Filers. If you enable the global file locking feature for a
directory and its descendants, any files in that directory or its descendants can only be changed by one
user at a time. Any other users cannot change the same file at the same time.
You can also manually break the locking of a file. This might become necessary if a user leaves a file
open and another user needs to open that file.
I
initiator
An initiator functions as an iSCSI client. An iSCSI initiator sends SCSI commands over an IP network.
instance
The Nasuni Filer is either a hardware appliance or virtual machine. An instance refers to a single virtual
machine that provides virtualization of the Nasuni Filer software.
Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI)
An Internet Protocol (IP)-based storage networking standard for linking data storage facilities. By
carrying SCSI commands over IP networks, iSCSI facilitates transferring data over intranets and
managing storage over long distances. The protocol allows clients (called initiators) to send SCSI
commands (CDBs) to SCSI storage devices (targets) on remote servers. iSCSI is a Storage Area
Network (SAN) protocol.
IQN (iSCSI Qualified Name)
See “iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN)” on page 101.
iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface)
See “Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI)” on page 101.
iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN)
The iSCSI Qualified Name includes these fields:

iqn.

date that the naming authority took ownership of the domain, in yyyy-mm format.

reversed domain name of the authority, such as com.nasuni.

“:” followed by a storage target name specified by the naming authority.
Example: iqn.2008-11.com.nasuni:filer.nasuni.net:51
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K
Kerberos
Kerberos is a network protocol that is used to authenticate users. After a client has correctly
authenticated with a Kerberos server, the client is issued a ticket that allows the client to access the
requested service as long as it is within a Kerberos realm (domain). A Kerberos keytab file contains
encryption keys associated with services (the service principal names) located on servers hosting
Kerberos-enabled protocols.
L
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
LDAP is a network protocol that is used to identify users. After a user is authenticated with Kerberos
and has a valid ticket, the information from the ticket is used to look up additional details on that user
from a directory server using the LDAP protocol.
M
MB/MiB
MB is an abbreviation of megabyte, meaning 1,000,000 bytes. Usually used to refer to hard disk
capacity.
MiB is an abbreviation of mebibyte, meaning 220 (1,048,576) bytes. Usually used to refer to RAM
memory.
metadata
Data about data. Metadata describes how and when and by whom a particular set of data was
collected, and how the data is formatted.
MIB (management information base)
A database for managing entities in a network, such as with the Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMP).
MTU (maximum transmission unit)
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size (in bytes) of the largest protocol data unit that the
layer can pass onwards. A larger MTU brings greater efficiency, because each packet carries more user
data while protocol overheads, such as headers, remain fixed; the resulting higher efficiency means a
slight improvement in the bulk protocol throughput. A larger MTU also means processing fewer packets
for the same amount of data. However, large packets can occupy a slow link for some time, causing
greater delays to following packets, and increasing lag and minimum latency. MTU settings should not
exceed 1500.
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N
NAS (Network Attached Storage)
See “Network Attached Storage (NAS)” on page 103.
Nasuni Filer
The Nasuni Filer is a storage controller that runs in your data center and provides primary storage with
built-in backup and offsite protection. The Nasuni Filer is available as both a hardware appliance and a
virtual machine. The Nasuni Filer can be used instead of, or in combination with, traditional file servers.
It fully supports Windows CIFS Shares as well as Active Directory or LDAP Directory Services. A single
volume in a Nasuni Filer has unlimited capacity, due to the integration of its caching algorithms with
provisioning.
Nasuni Filer user interface (UI)
The Web-based user interface to the Nasuni Filer.
Nasuni Management Console (NMC)
The Nasuni Management Console enables you to monitor and manage many Nasuni Filers from one
central application. Using the Nasuni Management Console, you can view the status of all of your
managed Nasuni Filers, as well as configure their settings. With the Nasuni Management Console, you
can ensure consistent settings on all your Nasuni Filers.
Using the Nasuni Management Console, you can manage Nasuni Filers even if they are not presently
connected. Any configuration changes made will propagate to the Nasuni Filer when it becomes
connected.
Nasuni's cloud storage
The secure unlimited online storage provided through the Nasuni Filer.
Network Attached Storage (NAS)
Network-attached storage (NAS) is file-level computer data storage connected to a computer network.
NAS devices are a convenient method of sharing files among multiple computers. NAS systems
typically provide access to files using network file sharing protocols such as NFS, SMB/CIFS, or AFP.
NFS (Network File System)
A protocol and file system for accessing and sharing files across a computer network using UNIX and
Linux.
NMC (Nasuni Management Console)
See “Nasuni Management Console (NMC)” on page 103.
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O
offsite data protection
Storing copies of critical data away from the original data centers to protect this information from
natural disasters and accidental or malicious modification.
on-demand provisioning
The Nasuni Filer simplifies provisioning by offering instant provisioning in increments as small as 1 TB.
P
pinning
Pinning a folder specifies that the folder and its contents must remain in the local cache at all times.
This can improve performance and reduce the time necessary to return accessed data to clients. This
reduces the available cache by the size of the folder. Pinning a folder does not bring the folder’s data
into the cache. All iSCSI (SAN) volume data is already pinned in the cache, so it is not necessary to pin
iSCSI volumes.
proxy
A server that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers.
Q
Quality of Service
Quality of Service (QoS) settings indicate the inbound and outbound bandwidth limits of the Nasuni
Filer for data moving to or from the Nasuni Filer, such as transmitting snapshots to cloud storage.
quota
A limit on the amount of usable storage space on a volume.
S
SAN (Storage Area Network)
See “Storage Area Network (SAN)” on page 105.
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Serial Number
A unique 32-digit hexadecimal number associated with your account for use with Nasuni Filer and
Nasuni Management Console (NMC) installations. Each account has multiple Serial Numbers. Unused
Serial Numbers may be used to set up a new Nasuni Filer or an NMC. Serial Numbers already in use
may be used to recover existing Nasuni Filers or your existing NMC. Serial Numbers are used in
conjunction with Authorization Codes. To obtain a Serial Number, visit https://account.nasuni.com/
account/serial_numbers/.
share
A folder on a volume that can be shared on your network. Access to a share can be customized on a
user or group-level basis.
snapshot
An instantaneous, non-changing, read-only image of a volume. Snapshots let you view any past version
of the file system and restore all or part of the version quickly.
A snapshot is a complete picture of the files and folders in your file system at a specific point in time.
With snapshots, the Nasuni Filer can identify new or changed data. Snapshots offer data protection by
enabling you to recover a file deleted in error or to restore an entire file system. After a snapshot has
been taken and is sent to cloud storage, it is not possible to modify that snapshot.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
An Internet-standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks.
Storage Area Network (SAN)
An architecture to attach remote computer storage devices (such as disk arrays, tape libraries, and
optical jukeboxes) to servers in such a way that the devices appear as locally attached to the operating
system.
sync
You can schedule when, and with what frequency, the selected volume updates data (“syncs”) from
Nasuni, merging your local data with any new or changed data from other Nasuni Filers connected to
this volume. This helps to ensure that everyone in your organization is using the most current data.
T
target
A storage resource located on an iSCSI server. A target is a storage server instance.
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V
versioning
The Nasuni Filer provides the versioning necessary to eliminate the need for separate backup and
restore procedures.
virtual machine
A virtual machine is a tightly isolated software container that can run its own operating systems and
applications as if it were a physical computer. A virtual machine behaves exactly like a physical
computer and contains its own virtual (software-based) CPU, RAM, hard disk, and network interface
card (NIC).
virtualization
Virtualization lets you run multiple virtual machines on a single physical machine, sharing the resources
of that single computer across multiple environments. Different virtual machines can run different
operating systems and multiple applications on the same physical computer.
volume
A set of files and directories. A volume can consist of multiple shares. With the Nasuni Filer, each
volume can be stored in cloud storage.
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Index
0-9
443 (port)
mobile access 61
VPN for mobile access 61
Web Access 53
8443 (port)
user interface 20, 53
A
accessing
iSCSI volume
Windows 45, 46
accessing data
FTP protocol 47
Active Directory 12, 33
Directory Services 99
Administration Guide 9
Amazon AWS S3 12
Amazon EC2 12, 18
Android 60
Apple Safari 13, 14
Atmos 12
attachment
Mobile Access 66, 70
audio
Web Access
preview 57
authentication
LDAP 12
authorization code 36
AWS
Amazon AWS S3 12
Azure 12, 18
Microsoft 12
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B
back-end cloud storage 12
branding
Web Access 53
browser support 14
browsers
supported 14
C
cache 13
default size 14
maximum size 18
maximum sizes 19
size 16
volumes 14
cache-on-write (COW) disk
COW (cache-on-write) disk 16
capacity for files 14
case-sensitivity 48
certificate
SSL 21
Chrome 13, 14
CIFS share
mapping network drive 43
mounting 48
Cleversafe 12
cloud specifications 14
compression 12
console 81, 83, 87, 90, 91, 93, 94
console commands 81, 83, 86, 87, 89, 93, 96
cores
maximum 19
CPU cores
maximum 19
107
Index
F
creating
folder
mobile access 72
password 38
username 38
csv
Web Access
preview 57
customer license 12
D
deduplication 12
default gateway 83, 86, 89
delete
link 72
device
mobile access 60
DHCP 31, 32, 33
network type 31
Directory Services 99
Active Directory 99
LDAP 99
DNS
mobile access 61
DNS server 83, 86, 89
document
Web Access
preview 57
Download
Mobile Access 66
download
Web Access 55
downloading
Web Access 58
factory reset 94
favorite
mobile access 66, 73
file information
mobile access 65
file size 14
Filer Administrator 36, 42
Firefox 13, 14
folder
access 43, 48, 51
FTP protocol 47
G
gateway
traffic group 32
General traffic group 25
Google Chrome 13, 14
H
Hardware Getting Started Guide 8
high availability
network configuration 31
Static network type 31, 32
hostname 83, 85, 89
HTTP/REST protocol 12
HTTPS proxy 33
Hyper-V 18
cache size 18
hypervisor 17
I
E
EC2 18
Amazon 12
edit
link 71
editnetwork 82, 84, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 94, 95, 96
EMC 12
EMC Atmos 12
EMC ViPR 12
ESXi 18
Explorer 13, 14
export 13
mounting 49, 51, 52
External traffic group 25
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
image
Web Access
preview 57
Initial Configuration Guide 9
initial memory allocation 17
installation 11
Installing the Nasuni Filer on the Azure Platform 8
Installing the Nasuni Filer on the EC2 Platform 8
Installing the Nasuni Filer on Virtual Platforms 8
internal link 55
Internet Explorer 13, 14
iOS 60
IP address 20, 31, 33, 43, 85, 87, 88
primary DNS server 33
secondary DNS server 33
IP address configuration 81
108
Index
iPad 60
iPhone 60
iSCSI
volume
accessing
Windows 45, 46
iSCSI Initiator 45
K
key terms 13
L
LDAP 12
Directory Services 99
LDAP Directory Services 103
license 97
link
delete 72
edit 71
regenerate 72
remove 72
shared
Mobile Access 66, 71
update 71
Linux 51
M
MAC address 91
Mac OS X operating systems support 16
Management traffic group 25
mapping drive
CIFS share 43
share 43
maximum cache size 18
maximum CPU cores 19
maximum RAM 19
maximum transmission unit 32
memory 14, 16
memory allocation 17
initial 17
minimum 17
recommended 17
memory requirement for Nasuni Filer 14
metadata 13
Microsoft Azure 12, 18
Microsoft Excel
Web Access
preview 57
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
Microsoft Hyper-V
cache size 18, 19
maximum RAM 19
Microsoft PowerPoint
Web Access
preview 57
Microsoft Word
Web Access
preview 57
minimum memory allocation 17
Mobile Access
Download 66
shared link 66, 71
View File 66
mobile access 60
creating folder 72
device 60
DNS 61
favorite 66, 73
file information 65
Nasuni Application 60, 61, 63
port 443 61
uploading 70
Wi-Fi 75
mounting
CIFS share 48
export 49, 51, 52
NFS export 51
share 48
mov
Web Access
preview 57
Mozilla Firefox 13, 14
mp3
Web Access
preview 57
mp4
Web Access
preview 57
MTU 32, 83, 85, 87, 88
N
Nasuni Application
mobile access 60, 61, 63
Nasuni corporate Web site 59
Nasuni Desktop Client 76
Nasuni Filer 13
Nasuni Filer user interface 13
Nasuni Management Console 13
Nasuni Management Console Guide 9
Nasuni Management Console Quick Start Guide 9
netmask 31, 83, 85, 87, 88
109
Index
network
configuration
high availability 31
Network Time Protocol
NTP 33
network type
DHCP 31
static 31, 33
NFS
VMware 50
NFS export
mounting 51
NMC
Nasuni Management Console 13
nocase 48
NTP
Network Time Protocol 33
time server 33
O
Open Office
Web Access
preview 57
OpenPGP 100
OS7 17, 57
previous versions
Mobile Access
restoring 68
viewing 66, 68
primary DNS 33
primary DNS server
IP address 33
R
RAM
maximum 19
RDM 18
recommended memory allocation 17
regenerate
link 72
remove
link 72
rich text format
Web Access
preview 57
rsize 51
S
P
password
creating 38
path
Mobile Access
entering 65
PDF
Web Access
preview 57
permissions
Windows 41
platforms requirements 16
port
443
mobile access 61
VPN for mobile access 61
Web Access 53
port 8443 20, 53
presentation
Web Access
preview 57
Preview 17
preview
Web Access 57
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S3
Amazon AWS S3 12
Safari 13, 14
search domain 83, 86, 89
secondary DNS 33
secondary DNS server
IP address 33
serial number 36
setaddr 88
setall 84, 85, 95, 96
setsystem 88
setting up Nasuni Filer 36
SFTP 12
share 13
mapping network drive 43
mounting 48
volume and 13
shared link 55
Mobile Access 66, 71
snapshot
definition 13
snapshot period 14
Spanning Tree 25
spreadsheet
Web Access
preview 57
SSL certificate 21
110
Index
static
network type 31, 33
static IP address 83
storage controller 13
supported versions 16
switch 25
switch port access 25
switch ports 25
T
text
Web Access
preview 57
text conventions 7
Third-Party Licensing Guide 9
traffic group 25
External 25
gateway 32
General 25
Management 25
trunk access 25
U
UNIX 51
update
link 71
upload
Web Access 54
uploading
mobile access 70
URL
Web Access 53
username
creating 38
Using Multiple Protocols 9
V
VHDX 18
video
Web Access
preview 57
View File
Mobile Access 66
ViPR 12
virtual CPUs 19
virtual machine
requirements 16
virtual machine memory 16
virtual machine platform 17
Nasuni Filer Initial Configuration Guide 7.9
virtual platform 18, 19
virtual platform requirements 16
VM 17
VMFS-5 18
VMware 18
NFS 50
VMware ESXi 16
cache size 18, 19
maximum RAM 19
volume
definition 13
share 13
volume specifications 14
VPN for mobile access
port 443 61
W
wav
Web Access
preview 57
Web Access 17, 57
branding 53
download 55
downloading 58
internal link 55
port 443 53
preview 57
shared link 55
upload 54
URL 53
Web browsers 13
supported 14
web browsers support 14
Wi-Fi
mobile access 75
Windows 45, 46
iSCSI volume
accessing 45, 46
permissions 41
Windows Explorer 46
Windows operating systems 15
Windows operating systems support 15
Windows Previous Versions 12
Windows Server 15
wsize 51
111
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