Industrial application of Thermal Energy Harvesting

GE - Bently Nevada
Industrial Application of
Thermal Energy
Harvesting
Dr. Thomas Kafka
GE Sensing & Inspection Technology GmbH
Frankfurt, Germany
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GE - Bently Nevada
Content:
 Wireless data collection in
industrial environments
 Using energy harvester
technology to extend battery
life
 Results of field testing
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Why are customers looking for wireless solutions?
• Machines in inaccessible, remote, or hazardous locations
• Easy installations for plant wide monitoring – no wires to pull
Vertical Pumps
Turbine Vent Fans
Condenser Pumps
GT Turning Gear Motors
Fin Fan Heat Exchangers
Tank Farm Pumps
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Typical sites for wireless solutions
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Self-Healing Mesh Network
Alternate
data route
legend
wSIM
Repeater
Active
node
Manager Gateway
• Alternate parent node
Advantages of wireless systems using ISA 100
Static Data
System 1
DCS
Static and Waveform Data
ISA 100 Gateway
EI.mesh_ISA 100
Motor
Pump
6
Understanding Battery Limitations
Battery life is always one point that needs to
be analyzed when installing wireless systems
Battery Life vs. Temp
Battery Life vs. Collection Interval
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Battery Maintenance Can Be Challenging
Battery changes in industrial applications are
difficult and costly due to…
Geographical Constraints:
Rural locations
Off-grid power
Forest cover
Deserts (Saudi Arabia)
Arctic (Alaska)
Access Restrictions:
Chemical facilities
Power plants (including Nuclear)
Military facilities
Secure data centers
Border control
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The Power Source Should Match the Life of the Sensor
Wireless sensors are designed to last 15+ yrs
But battery limits
0
………Create a gap ………
5
10
15
20+
Perpetua Power Pucks address the gap
•
Significantly extends battery life using energy from temperature differences
•
Increased data collection intervals without battery life impact
•
Reduced maintenance service events & associated costs
•
Rugged, maintenance free operation not interrupted by dust, moisture, or
extreme temperatures
•
Installs in less than 1 minute
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What Did GE’s Test Results Show?
GE Internal
Objectives
Demonstrate easy installations, and performance in
lab conditions and on typical plant equipment.
Results
Validated out-of-the-box quick installs, and reliable
power on all plant equipment with warm-to-the-touch
surfaces.
GE Customer Pilots
Objectives
Test performance and usability in large power plants
where ambient ranges from 66F to 103F.
Results
100% energy harvesting from abundant heat sources
throughout the plants; seamless shift to and from
battery assist when heat source was variable. No
noticeable impact from high ambient desert
temperatures. Validated performance, reliability and
customer acceptance. Customers impressed with
quick installs, which took just minutes to set up
systems.
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Customer Pilots
Gland Seal Condensers
Lube Oil Pumps
Temperature Difference (DT): > 20°C (36°F)
100% Energy Harvesting (EH)
Temperature Difference (DT): Variable
Energy Harvesting Still Contributing
LEFT CHART: 100% Energy Harvesting; purple
battery line can’t be seen because the back-up
battery is not used.
Energy Harvesting
Temps – Min/Max
RIGHT CHART: Brief, automatic transition to
battery when heat source drops. Battery life is
greatly increased even when heat varies.
Battery
Cap
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Customer Pilots
Boiler Feed Pumps
Pre-Heater Circulation Pumps
Temperature Difference (DT): > 20°C (36°F)
100% Energy Harvesting
Temperature Difference (DT): Variable
Energy Harvesting Still Contributing
LEFT CHART: 100% Energy Harvesting; red
battery line can’t be seen, because the battery
isn’t used.
Delta T *C
EH
RIGHT CHART: Brief, automatic transition to battery
when heat source drops. Battery life is greatly
increased even when heat source occasionally
changes.
Battery
Cap
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Installation Best Practices From Customer Pilots
OKAY
Best
When heat is present, the warm surface does not have to be perfect to
generate thermoelectric power!
•
OKAY: Any surfaces where the Power Puck has contact to temperature difference. Rust, dirt, and other
corrosion can slightly impact performance, but power delivered still exceeds the power requirement
•
BEST: Smooth, flat and horizontal—protected from hot drafts and direct sunlight
•
MOUNTING ON PIPES, CURVED SURFACES, OR EXTREME TEMPERATURES: Adapters are available
from Perpetua for mounting on pipes, or very high temperature surfaces (including 500°C and higher).
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Summary – Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting
Energy Harvesting is a strong value proposition for customers
that want more data without impacting battery life, and
customers wanting to eliminate battery maintenance.
Energy Harvesting also has the added benefit of providing
dual-source, extremely reliable power with backup batteries in
the GE External Power Module.
Thermoelectric is an easy energy harvesting technology to
deploy. No special expertise or tools are required for
installations. The only requirement is a warm-to-the-touch
surface.
Ample heat sources abound in equipment monitoring with
pumps, motors, fans, cooling tower fans, blowers, motors, and
other rotating equipment, and in process monitoring with
warm pipes, including oil, steam, and other warm surfaces.
In comparison to battery replacement costs, the cost of
thermoelectric can be significantly less over the life of the
sensor.
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GE - Bently Nevada
Industrial Application of
Thermal Energy Harvesting
For more information, contact:
Dr. Thomas Kafka
GE Sensing & Inspection Technology GmbH
Frankfurt, Germany
Thomas.Kafka@ge.com
Ms. Janet Dobbs
Perpetua Power Source Technologies, Inc.
Corvallis, Oregon USA
jkd@perpetuapower.com
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