AARO Suite Speed Sensitive Trip Unit Full

AARO Suite
Speed Sensitive Trip Unit
Full Documentation
Software Version 2.00
Don Controls Limited
Westfield Industrial Estate
Kirk Lane, Yeadon
Leeds, LS19 7LX
Telephone: +44 (0)845 1304946
Fax: +44 (0)845 1304947
E-Mail: mail@don.co.uk
Web: http:/www.don.co.uk
1
AARO DOCUMENTATION
CONTENTS
Section 1
AARO
Overview
3-5
Section 2
AA4006
Standard Speed Sensitive Trip Unit
6 -11
Section 3
AA4406
Standard Unit + Key Switch and Jack Socket
12
Section 4
AA4106
19″ Rack Mount AARO + Modbus Communications
13 - 16
Section 5
AA9000
AARO Signal Generator
17
Section 6
AARO
Sensors and Magnets
18 - 24
Section 8
Don Controls
Contact Names and Numbers
25
2
Overview - Speed Sensitive Trip Unit AARO
The AARO control unit is a fully configurable speed sensitive trip unit that
monitors the rotational speed of a device via pulses from an input sensor and
allows a trip point to be set anywhere between the selected speed range. The
unit covers a broad speed range and can be applied to a wide variety of
industrial speed monitoring applications for the detection of:Shaft or drum rotation
Under-speed detection
Over-speed detection
Conveyor belt slippage
Low frequency detection
The AARO is ideally suited to many applications including rotary feeders,
screw conveyors, bucket conveyors, in fact any rotating machine or device
that is required to be monitored for acceptable speed limits.
The AARO can be supplied in a self contained die cast alloy box of rugged
construction, suitable for enclosure mounting or 19″ rack mounting with
various communication protocols for connection to PLC, DCS or SCADA
systems.
AA4006
Standard Version AARO
Height
94mm
Width
119mm
Depth
72mm
AA4106
19″ Rack mount AARO
Height
128mm
Width
40mm
Depth
174mm
3
The AARO can also be supplied in an IP65 enclosure suitable for ATEX CAT3
Zone 22 installations with options for zener barrier and galvanic isolation.
AA4506
AARO-KJ in IP65
Enclosure
AARO-KJ fitted in an IP65 enclosure and
certified to ATEX Cat 3 Zone 22 environment.
The AC supply to the control unit and the
field sensor input are pre wired to rail
mounted
fuses
and
feed
through
terminals.The enclosure is also fitted with an
“Isolate elsewhere before removing the
cover” warning label.
AA4306
Galvanic isolated
standard unit in IP65
Enclosure
AARO rotation sensor control unit is housed in a
GRP box, comprising:
IP65 box of approximate dimensions 190h x
280w x 130d. The box is fitted with a removable
backplate to enable drilling of cable entries and 1
each of the following:
1
1
1
1
-
AARO rotation sensor control unit
MTL5032 galvanic isolator.
MTL5991 24V DC supply for galvanic isolator.
Mounting rail complete with earth point.
The galvanic isolator is prewired to the AARO signal input.
The power supply is parallel wired to the AARO supply.
The galvanic isolator I.S. connections are arranged to provide 50mm
clearance from the nearest internal none I.S. wiring.
All other connections are made direct to the devices.
All cable entries must be segregated from the I.S. cables.
4
Mains connection to the AARO is either 110 or 240V AC 50HZ. A variety of
sensors can be connected to the unit to indicate input speed including solid
state, reed, proximity switch or PEC sensors. For appropriate input devices
please read the AARO sensors documentation. The trip relay has 2 isolated
change-over contacts available for re-transmission and there is also a nonisolated 0 – 10V DC output that can be used for remote speed indication or
connection to a PLC.
Trip delay mode and speed range settings are configured from 4 dip switches
(SW1 to SW4) located inside the AA4006 or on the component board for the
AA4106.
A screwdriver adjustable potentiometer mounted on the front of the unit is
used to set the configured trip mode time delay from 0 to 30 seconds.
The adjustment dial on the front of the unit is used to set the trip point for the
configured speed range and enables the controller to span the full speed
range therefore allowing the trip point sensitivity to be customized to the
application i.e. under-speed, over-speed , coarse or fine trip points.
The 16 LED’s located on the front of the unit indicate the speed of the rotating
device relative to the trip speed making the required trip setting easy to
establish.
There are also LED’s on the front of the unit to indicate:
Supply On - Mains supply healthy
Relay On - Trip relay energised
Timer - Trip timer delay active
Input - Input sensor
5
AA4006 - Standard Speed Sensitive Trip Unit (AARO)
Installation
The standard AARO control unit is rated at IP62 and should be mounted in a
control cabinet or enclosure with access for setting up and adjustment. There
is practically no limitation on the distance between the AARO control unit and
the rotating device that is to be monitored and therefore the control unit can
be mounted in a remote location in a clean and safe environment.
The case dimensions are 94mm high x 119mm wide x 72 mm deep. Mounting
holes are located in the base of the unit and the unit is fixed via 4 off 4mm
screws.
Fixing Details
6
Electrical connections
7
Wiring Notes:
1.
Mains supply must be fused at 1 A
2.
Ensure correct connection of mains supply.
110V AC supply - connect L to terminal 2, N to terminal 3 and E to
terminal 4.
240V AC supply - connect L to terminal 1, N to terminal 3 and E to
terminal 4.
3.
Ensure the unit is correctly grounded. Earthing is an important
safety procedure when installing the AARO and also assists in
reducing the effects of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on solid
state systems such as this unit.
4.
Sensor supply for inductive proximity and solid state switches on
terminal 6 is +12VDC
5.
Sensor switching threshold for inductive proximity and solid state
switches on terminal 5 is +6VDC
6.
When the AARO is configured for a solid state or proximity switch
sensor and an alternative sensor is used to our standard SR0531 or
SR0422 then the current drawn by the selected sensor must not
exceed 15mA, otherwise overloading of the AARO transformer
could occur.
7.
Relay contacts – 2 pole change over contacts – 2A @ 250V AC
Common
N/O
N/C
7
8
9
10
11
12
8
Configuration settings
Settings are made via 4 off dip switches (1 to 4) located on the underside of
the front cover. Remove the 4 corner retaining screws and turn over the top
cover. Identify the dip switch block.
Dip switch 1 and 2 select the required timer and relay operating mode.
Dip switch 1
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Dip switch 2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
Timer mode
T4
T5
T14
T15
T4 Timer mode
Following power-up, the relay is held in the de-energised state regardless of
the input speed, for a time period 0 to 30 seconds. Thereafter the relay will
remain
de-energised whilst the input speed is greater than the setpoint.
T5 Timer mode
Following power-up, the relay is held in the energised state regardless of the
input speed, for a time period 0 to 30 seconds. Thereafter the relay will remain
energised whilst the input speed is greater than the setpoint.
T14 Timer mode
When the timer input is active (signal on terminal 13 & 14), the relay is held in
the de-energised state regardless of the input speed, for a time period 0 to 30
seconds. Thereafter the relay will remain de-energised whilst the input speed
is greater than the setpoint.
T15 Timer mode
When the timer input is active (signal on terminal 13 & 14), the relay is held in
the energised state regardless of the input speed, for a time period 0 to 30
seconds. Thereafter the relay will remain energised whilst the input speed is
greater than the setpoint.
9
Configuration notes
1. The time delay period of 0 to 30 seconds is common to all timer
selections and is set by the screwdriver adjustable potentiometer
located on the front face of the AARO marked DELAY.
2. T14 and T15 timer options are enabled (initiated) when a signal is
applied to terminal 13 and 14. A signal level greater than 100V ac/dc
will enable the timer function and a signal level of less than 20V ac/dc
will disable the timer function.
This option can be used with run/stop interlocking on existing
equipment.
If the signal is removed and re-applied during the time period then the
time period will be re-started
3. Other timing options are available on request and made to special
order.
Dip switch 3 and 4 select the required speed range.
Dip switch 3
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Dip switch 4
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
Speed @ 2 Pulses/Rev
5 to 55 RPM
50 to 550 RPM
500 to 2000 RPM
Reserved for future
Speed @ 1 Pulse/Rev
10 to 110 RPM
100 to 1100 RPM
1000 to 4000 RPM
Reserved for future
Operational settings
After setting all the switches, re-assemble the unit and check all connections.
Check that the supply voltage is within the correct limits and that connections
have been made to the correct terminals. Switch on the supply with the
rotating device at rest. All of the LED’s will be illuminated for approximately 2
seconds; this indicates the unit is in self-test mode. When the test is
completed, the LED’s will turn off and the left most LED will flash. Check that
the relay is energized or de-energised as required determined by the dip
switch configuration.
The trip adjustment potentiometer enables the controller to cover the set
speed range. Turning the dial clockwise will increase the trip speed. The
speed indication LED’s show the speed of the rotating device relative to the
trip setting. An increase in input speed will cause the LED indication to move
to the right, increasing the trip setting will cause the LED indication to move to
the left. When the left most LED indicator is flashing then the input speed is
less than 2/3 of the trip speed setting. When the right most LED indicator is
flashing then the input speed is greater than 2 times that of the trip speed
setting.
When the rotating device is running at the correct speed, set the trip
potentiometer as follows:
For underspeed detection, turn the trip potentiometer fully clockwise then turn
counter clockwise slowly until the unit just trips. Then turn further counter
clockwise to give the required amount of trip margin.
10
For over-speed detection, turn the trip potentiometer fully counter clockwise
then turn clockwise slowly until the unit just trips. Then turn further clockwise
to give the required amount of trip margin.
If it is not possible to set the trip point then check:
1. The actual rotating speed of the device is within the speed range that
has been configured for the AARO
2. The input sensor is connected correctly.
3. The distance between the sensor and the magnet/flag is within
tolerance.
4. The sensor switching threshold is within tolerance and the input LED is
switching - on the AARO as the magnet/flag passes the sensor.
Note – The input LED is switched OFF when the input sensor switches ON
The input LED will be ON when the input sensor is OFF or disconnected.
Make adjustments to the trip time delay period as required. When the DELAY
potentiometer is turned fully clockwise the delay will be set to 30 seconds and
when the potentiometer is fully counter clockwise the delay will be 0.
Analogue output
The AARO is equipped with an analogue output. The signal is ranged 0 - 10V
DC with the 0V connection on terminal 16 and the +V connection on terminal
15. The signal represents the actual input speed within the range determined
by the speed range dip switches SW3 and SW4. For example, with the speed
range switches set to 50 to 550 RPM then the analogue output will be 0 Volts
at 50 RPM and +10 V at 550 RPM. This value is based upon 2 pulses per
revolution. The output is provided for use with an analogue or digital speed
indicator or connection to a PLC. A maximum current of 5mA is available from
the analogue output terminals. The signal has an accuracy of 5% of full scale
at maximum current.
11
AA4406 - Standard Unit + Keyswitch and Jack Socket
Description
The AA4406 has the same specification as the standard Speed Sensitive Trip
Unit with the additional test keyswitch and Jack socket facility. This test
facility, allows the AARO unit to read a signal (i.e. from the AA9000 - Signal
generator (AASG) via the jack socket, whilst ignoring any sensor input via the
terminal block.
The `Run` position is with the key is positioned at 9 o’clock (key is removable).
The `Test` position is with the key is positioned at 12 o’clock (key cannot be
removed).
When the key is turned from the `Run` position to `Test`, the output relay state
will not change.
When the key is turned from the `Test` position to `Run`, the AARO Control
Unit resumes normal speed sensing operation.
Note: If the `Test` position is selected before the AARO Control Unit is
powered up, the relay will always remain de-energised.
12
AA4106 - 19″ Rack mount ARRO + Modbus Communications
The rack mounted AARO has the same specification as the AA4406 housed
in a 19″ eurocard rack. It has an optional Modbus communication module for
use with distributed control systems and SCADA packages. It also has the
capability to incorporate other fieldbus communication protocols such as
Profibus and DeviceNet.
Communications Option
A small daughter board can be fitted to the main circuit board providing a
standard MODBUS RTU serial interface. Other options are available to
special order.
The Modbus interface utilises RS485 full duplex (4 wire) interface operating at
9600 baud, 8 data bits , 1 stop bit and no parity.
Each unit is addressed through switches on the serial interface board with an
address range of 1 to 126. Data is exchanged between the AARO and the
host via separate polled messages
RTU Request Framing
START
T1-T2-T3-T4
Four character
time delay
ADDRESS
1-126
1 Byte
FUNCTION
1
1 = request
data all others
N/A
13
CRC CHECK
XX-XX
2 Byte CRC
END
T1-T2-T3-T4
Four character
time delay
RTU Response Framing
START
T1-T2-T3-T4
Four character
time delay
BYTE 2
0-255
Input speed
high byte
BYTE 6
0-255
Timer mode
options
ADDRESS
1-126
1 Byte
FUNCTION
1 or 129
See note 1
DATA LENGTH
1 or 8
See note 1
BYTE 3
0-255
Trip point
low byte
BYTE 7
0-255
Status flag
BYTE 4
0-255
Trip point
high byte
CRC CHECK
XX-XX
2 Byte CRC
BYTE 5
0-255
Range
selection
END
T1-T2-T3-T4
Four character
time delay
BYTE 1
0-255
Input speed
low byte
BYTE 5
0-255
Timer settings
In seconds
Note 1 : Following a normal poll request the ARRO slave will respond with 8
bytes of data as described in the table above. However, if an error occurs in
the requested data the following response will be made. The function byte will
contain the original function value (1) + (128) and this value (129) will indicate
that an error has occurred. The data length byte will also contain an error
code.
ERROR CODE
1
2
3
4
5
DESCRIPTION
Bad CRC Received
Illegal Function Request
No Communication with Main Processor
Unit failure
(Reserved)
Data format of a typical error response.
START
T1-T2-T3-T4
4 Character
time delay
ADDRESS
1-126
1 byte
FUNCTION
129
Error
Detected
LENGTH
1,2,3,4
Error Code
14
CRC
XX-XX
2 byte CRC
END
T1-T2-T3-T4
4 Character
time delay
Data contained in a normal response to a polled message.
Data Byte
1
Description
Current Scaled Input Speed – Low Byte
2
Current Scaled Input Speed – High Byte
3
Speed Trip Point – Low Byte
4
Speed Trip Point – High Byte
5
Setting
6
0
5 - 55 rpm
1
50 - 550 rpm
2
500 - 2000 rpm
4
Reserved
Trip timer setting (0 – 30 Seconds)
Speed @ 2 pulses/Rev
7
Timer Mode Options:
0 = T4 Option
1 = T5 Option
2 = T14 Option
4 = T15 Option
8
Status Bits
0 = Severe Underspeed
1 = Severe Overspeed
2 = Start-up delay timed out
3 = Relay State : 0 = OFF, 1 = ON
4 = Relay LED Indicator : 0 = OFF 1 = ON
5 = Test Mode : 0 = Run, 1 = Test
6 = Unit Disabled by External Signal
7 = Pulses Lost. (No signal at the Input connections)
Speed @ 1 pulse/Rev
10 - 110 rpm
100 - 1100 rpm
1000 - 4000 rpm
Reserved
The unit address is set by SW2 and SW3 located on the communications
option board. Any address between 1 and 126 may be used for multi unit
operation.
Normal Addresses
Addresses 1 – 126 (7Eh) are used in normal addressing modes. The
response to the poll meets the RTU format, however, units requesting data
can if they wish ignore any parts of the message and they do not need to
implement the CRC, if they do then the transmitted data must be the same
implementation as Modbus RTU. Each legal poll will cause the TX/RX led to
flash green.
15
Reserved Addresses
Address 0 (normally used by Modbus RTU as a broadcast command) sets the
communications interface to a permanent OFF state. The option board
effectively goes to sleep and only monitors the address switches to detect a
change. In this mode the TX/RX LED will be illuminated steady amber.
Address 127 (7Fh) causes the unit to transmit continuously without being
polled. This operates as a communications test mode and is useful when
connecting a single AARO-RM to a simple serial communications device. In
this mode the transmitted data is identical to that required by the Modbus
RTU. The TX/RX LED will flash red during this mode.
Self Test
When the AARO-RM has power first applied it enters a self test mode. Please
refer to the setting up instructions for a description of the self test. The
communications board will indicate the self test by cycling the TX/RX LED
from green to red to amber. The LED will then change to the colour
appropriate for the selected addressing mode
16
AA9000 - Signal generator (AASG)
Integrated circuit reliability
Liquid crystal display
No batteries required
Accurate and stable output
Easy adjustment
Small, light, hand held
Covers all industrial speed ranges
Enables AARO-KJ set up and test without
interruptions to plant operation
Description
The AASG is a self contained, portable, hand held signal source specifically
designed to generate speed simulation signals for checking the operation of
rotation sensing equipment. A stable oscillator and digital divider network
provide output signals which are supplied to the rotation sensing equipment
through a flying lead with jack plug. The frequency of the generated signal is
displayed directly in RPM on the liquid crystal display. All power for the signal
generator is provided by the AARO 2KJ rotation sensor via the connection
lead and jack plug. An LED indicator proves the power supply, a second LED
indicator proves the output signals. The output simulation signals can be
selected to give 1 or 2 pulses per revolution to suit different applications of the
rotation sensing equipment.
Specification
Speed ranges
:
1.000 – 9.990 rpm
:
10.00 – 99.90 rpm
:
1.000 – 9.990 rpm
:
10.00 – 99.90 rpm
Resolution
:
0.1%
Accuracy
:
0.1% of reading
Output
:
Open collector to suit AARO
Response Time
:
150ms (max) for correct speed display
Dimensions
:
112mm x 61mm x 43mm
Weight
:
300 grams approx.
17
Sensors
SR0421 – Reed Switch Sensor
Description
The SR0421 reed switch sensor is encapsulated into a rugged weather proof
Black Aluminum housing to IP67. The sensor has a 2 metre flying lead and
20mm conduit entry at the back. This 2 wire sensor works in conjunction with
a permanent magnet to provide volt free contact signals to an AARO
controller. The normal arrangement is to mount the bipole magnet (type
MG0150) on the end of a shaft to be monitored for speed and the sensor on a
fixed bracket facing the rotating magnet, separated by a gap of up to 19mm.
For each rotation, the sensor generates two electrical impulses to the AARO
control unit
Specification
Speed Range
:
0-125 rpm
Voltage
:
N/A
Current
:
10mA approx.
Temperature Range
:
-20°C to +85°C
Maximum Sensor Gap
:
19mm
Conduit Entry
:
20mm tapped
Dimensions
:
50mm x 58mm x 31mm
Weight
:
300 grams
Connections to AARO
:
:
:
2 metre – 3 core flying lead
(blue to terminal 4)
(brown to terminal 5)
MTBF
:
750 million operations
Note – The SR0421Reed sensor operational life is subject to the effects of cable length which
acts to reduce the electrical life expectancy and follows a logarithmic scale.
For high speed applications above 125 rpm we would advise that either the hall effect sensor
SR0531 or the inductive sensor SR0422 be used.
18
SR0531 – Solid State Sensor
Description
The SR0531 solid state sensor is encapsulated into a rigged weather proof
RED aluminum housing to IP67 and contains a Hall effect magnetic field
detector and works in conjunction with a permanent magnet to provide signals
of speed to an AARO controller. The sensor has a 2 metre flying lead and
20mm conduit entry at the back. The normal arrangement is to mount the
bipole magnet (type MG0150) on the end of a shaft to be monitored for speed
and the sensor on a fixed bracket facing the rotating magnet, separated by a
gap of up to 19mm. For each rotation, the sensor generates one electrical
impulse to the AARO control unit. The sensor has a bi-stable output and can
be in either state ON or OFF when the magnet is not detected.
Specification
Speed Range
:
0-100,000 rpm
Voltage
:
12V dc supplied from AARO Controller
Current
:
10mA approx.
Temperature Range
:
-20°C to +85°C
Maximum Sensor Gap
:
19mm
Conduit Entry
:
20mm tapped
Dimensions
:
50mm x 58mm x 31mm
Weight
:
300 grams
Connections to AARO
:
:
:
:
2 metre – 3 core flying lead
(blue to terminal 4)
(black to terminal 5) OR
(brown to terminal 6)
19
Blue to terminal 4
Green to terminal 5
Red to terminal 6
SR0422 – Inductive Proximity Switch Sensor
Description
The SR0422 inductive proximity switch is an M18 short barrel sensor with
solid potted internal circuitry to withstand shocks and water washdown to
IP67. The thick nickel plated barrel has wrench flats for easy installation and a
high visibility LED indicator for sensor operation. The sensor works in
conjunction with a rotating flag or bolt head to provide signals of speed to an
AARO controller. The normal arrangement is to mount a ferrous flag or bolt
head on the end of a rotational shaft or drum and the sensor on a fixed
bracket facing the rotating flag. The maximum sensing distance is 5mm. The
sensor generates one electrical impulse each time actuation occurs via the
rotating flag/bolt head to the AARO control unit
Specification
Response frequency
:
0.6 K Hz
Voltage
:
12V dc supplied from AARO Controller
Current
:
13mA approx.
Output Configuration
:
NPN – Normally Open Contact
Temperature Range
:
-40°C to +85°C
Maximum Sensor Gap
:
5mm +/- 10%
Circuit Protection
:
:
reverse connection, surge absorber,
load short circuit protection.
Dimensions
:
M18 x 50mm
Weight
:
160 grams
Connections to AARO
:
:
:
:
2 metre – 3 core flying lead
(blue to terminal 4)
(black to terminal 5) OR
(brown to terminal 6)
20
Magnets and magnet shrouds
MG1050 – Magnets
The MG1050 is a powerful permanent magnet 38mm in diameter with a 8mm
fixing hole. The magnet can be mounted on the end of a rotating shaft or drum
and is used in conjunction with a reed switch sensor (SR0421) or a Solid
State Sensor (SR0531).
Note – Permanent magnets are brittle objects and care should be taken when
handling, installing or maintaining rotating equipment that are fit with MG1050
magnets.
A plastic magnetic shroud MG1150 is available that not only offers a degree of
mechanical protection but also permits easier periodic removal of ferrous
particles where there are heavy ferrous dust concentrations.
Shaft Mounting
When a single magnet is positioned on the center line of a rotating shaft the
sensor will produce 2 pulses per revolution. The maximum flux gap, that is the
distance between the sensor and the rotating magnet, should not exceed
19mm.
Drum mounting
When 2 magnets diametrically opposed are fitted to a rotating drum the
sensor will produce 2 pulses per revolution. The maximum flux gap should not
exceed 19mm.
21
NOTES ON INSTALLATION OF MAGNET & REED SWITCH
FOR CAT 3 ZONE 22 APPLICATIONS THE SENSOR WIRING SHOULD BE INSTALLED
USING FLEXIBLE CONDUIT
C. VANE SWITCHING WITH MAGNET AND REED SWITCH STATIONARY
(FOR SPEEDS LESS THAN 5RPM OR WHEN SHAFT END NOT AVAILABLE)
22
23
SR0421 Reed switch Sensor and SR0531 solid state sensor dimensions
M7 Mounting Holes
24
Contact Names and Telephone Numbers
Richard Wheat
Managing Director
Don Controls Limited
Westfield Industrial Estate
Kirk Lane, Yeadon
Leeds, LS19 7LX
Telephone: +44 (0)845 1304946
Fax: +44 (0)845 1304947
E-Mail: richardwheat@don.co.uk
Web: http:/www.don.co.uk
25
Download PDF