Which Enterprise Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) to use with a

WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 SERVER STORAGEIO® LAB REVIEW INSIGHT FOR EFFECTIVE SERVER STORAGE I/O DECISION MAKING INTRODUCTION This StorageIO™ Industry Trends Perspectives Solution Brief and Lab Review looks at the Equus Computer Systems (www.equuscs.com) converged Content Solution platforms with Seagate Enterprise Hard Disk Drive (HDDs). I was given the opportunity to do some hands‐on testing running different application workloads with a 2U content solution platform along with various Seagate Enterprise 2.5” HDDs handle different application workloads. This includes Seagate’s Enterprise Performance HDDs with the enhanced caching feature. If you are in a hurry, simply jump to page 7 and view the results, otherwise, take your time and read the background material. ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Even though Non‐Volatile Memory (NVM) including NAND flash solid state devices (SSDs) have become popular storage for use internal as well as external to servers, there remains the need for HDDs. Like many of you who need to make informed server, storage, I/O hardware, software and configuration selection decisions, time is often in short supply. A common industry trend is to use SSD and HDD based storage mediums together in hybrid configurations. Another industry trend is that HDDs continue to be enhanced with larger space capacity in the same or smaller footprint, as well as with performance improvements. Thus a common challenge is what type of HDD to use for various content and application workloads balancing performance, availability, capacity and economics. FAST CONTENT NEEDS FAST SOLUTIONS Content solutions span from video (4K, HD, SD and legacy streaming video, pre‐/post‐production and editing), audio, imaging (photo, seismic, energy, healthcare, etc.) to security surveillance (including Intelligent Video Surveillance [ISV] as well as Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance [ISR]). In addition to big fast data, other content solution applications include content distribution network (CDN) and caching, network function virtualization (NFV) and software defined network (SDN), to cloud and other rich unstructured big fast media data, analytics along with little data (e.g. SQL and NoSQL database, key‐value stores, repositories and meta‐data) among others. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 1 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 An industry and customer trend is that information and data are getting larger, living longer, as well as there is more of it. This ties to the fundamental theme that applications and their underlying hardware platforms exist to process, move, protect, preserve and serve information. CONTENT SOLUTIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES A common theme with content solutions is that they get defined with some amount of hardware (compute, memory and storage, I/O networking connectivity) as well as some type of content software. Fast content applications need fast software, multi‐core processors (compute), vast memory (DRAM, NAND flash, SSD and HDDs) along with fast server storage I/O network connectivity. Content based applications benefit from having frequently accessed data as close as possible to the application (e.g. locality of reference). TEST OBJECTIVES In short period of time, collect performance and other server, storage I/O decision making information on various HDDs running different content workloads. Content solution and application servers need flexibility in terms of compute options (number of sockets, cores, threads), main memory (DRAM DIMMs), PCIe expansion slots, storage slots and other connectivity. An industry trend is leveraging platforms with multi‐socket processors, dozens of cores and threads (e.g. logical processors) to support parallel or high‐concurrent content applications. These servers have large amounts of local storage space capacity (NAND flash SSD and HDD) and associated I/O performance (PCIe, NVMe, 40 GbE, 10 GbE, 12 Gbps SAS etc.) in addition to using external shared storage (local and cloud). This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 2 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 CONTENT SOLUTION TEST OBJECTIVES Working with the Equus Computer Systems staff a suitable content solution platform test configuration was created. In addition to providing two Intel based content servers, Equus Computer Systems worked with their partner Seagate to arrange for various enterprise class HDDs to be evaluated. For these series of content application tests, being short on time, I chose to do run some simple workloads including database, basic file (large and small) processing and general performance characterization. CONTENT SOLUTION DECISION MAKING Knowing how Non‐Volatile Memory (NVM) NAND flash SSD1 devices (drives and PCIe cards) perform, what would be the best HDD based storage option for my given set of applications? Different applications have various performance, capacity and budget considerations. Different types of Seagate Enterprise class 2.5” Small Form Factor (SFF) HDDs were tested. While revolutions per minute (RPM) still plays a role in HDD performance, there are other factors including internal processing capabilities, software or firmware algorithm optimization, and caching. Most HDDs today have some amount of DRAM for read caching and other operations. Seagate Enterprise Performance HDDs with the enhanced caching feature2 are examples of devices accelerate storage I/O speed vs. traditional 10K and 15K RPM drives. PROJECT PLANNING AND PREPARATION Project testing consisted of five phases, some of which overlapped with others: Phase 1 – Plan Identify candidate workloads that could be run in the given amount of time, determine time schedules and resource availability, create a project plan. Phase 2 – Define Hardware define and software define the test platform. Phase 3 – Setup Objective was to assess plug‐play capability of the server, storage and I/O networking hardware with a Linux OS before moving on to the reported workloads in the next phase. Initial setup and configuration of hardware and software, installation of additional devices along with software configuration, trouble‐shooting and learning as applicable. This phase consisted of using Ubuntu Linux 14.04 server as the operating system (OS) along with MySQL 5.6 as a database server during initial hands‐on experience. 1 Refer to Seagate 1200 12 Gbps Enterprise SAS SSD StorageIO lab review http://storageioblog.com/seagate‐1200‐12gbs‐enterprise‐sas‐ssd‐server‐storgeio‐lab‐review/ 2 Refer to Enterprise SSHD and Flash SSD Part of an Enterprise Tiered Storage Strategy http://storageioblog.com/enterprise-sshd-and-flash-ssd-part-of-an-enterprise-tiered-storage-strategy/
This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 3 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 Phase 4 ‐ Execute This consisted of using Windows 2012 R2 server as the OS along with Microsoft SQL Server on the system under test (SUT) to support various workloads. Results of this phase are reported below. Phase 5 ‐ Analyze Results from the workloads run in phase 3 were analyzed and summarized into this document. WORKLOADS TO PROFILE 
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Database read/writes Large file processing Small file processing General I/O profile PLANNING AND PREPARING THE TESTS As with most any project there were constraints to contend with and work around. CONSTRAINTS Three most important constraints and considerations for this project were:  Short‐time window This was a project with a very short time “runway”,  Hardware availability something common in most customer environments  Amount of hardware who are looking to make informed server, storage I/O  Software availability decisions. Amount of hardware Limited amount of DRAM main memory, sixteen 2.5” internal hot‐swap storage slots for HDDs as well as SSDs. Note that for a production content solution platform, additional DRAM can easily be added, along with extra external storage enclosures to scale memory and storage capacity to fit your needs. Software availability Utilize common software and management tools publically available so anybody could leverage those in their own environment and tests. Time The following content application workloads were profiled:  Database reads/writes – Updates, inserts, read queries for a content environment  Large file processing – Streaming of large video, images or other content objects.  Small file processing – Processing of many small files found in some content applications  General I/O profile – IOP, bandwidth and response time relevant to content applications DEFINING HARDWARE SOFTWARE ENVIRONMENT Equus Computer Systems content platforms are software defined and hardware defined to your specific solution needs. For my test‐drive, I used a pair of 2U Content Solution platforms, one for a client System Test Initiator (STI3), the other as server SUT shown in figure‐1 (next page). With the STI configured and SUT setup Seagate Enterprise class 2.5” 12Gbps SAS HDDs were added to the configuration. 3 STI was hardware defined with dual Intel Xeon E5‐2695 v3 (2.30 GHz) processors, 32GB RAM running Windows Server 2012 R2 with two network connections to the SUT. Network connections from the STI to SUT included an Intel GbE X540‐AT2 as well as an Intel XL710 Q2 40 GbE Converged Network Adapter (CNA). In addition to software defining the STI with Windows Server 2012 R2, Dell Benchmark Factory (V7.1 64b bit 496) part of the Database Administrators (DBA) Toad Tools (including free versions) was also used. For those familiar with HammerDB, Sysbench among others, Benchmark Factory is an alternative that supports various workloads and This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 4 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 SUT setup4 included four Enterprise 10K and two 15K Performance drives with enhanced performance caching feature enabled, along with two Enterprise Capacity 2TB HDDs, all were attached to an internal 12Gbps SAS RAID controller. With the STI configured and SUT setup Seagate Enterprise class 2.5” 12Gbps SAS HDDs were added to the configuration. This included four Enterprise 10K and two 15K Performance drives with enhanced performance caching feature enabled, along with two Enterprise Capacity 2TB HDDs, all were attached to an internal 12Gbps SAS RAID controller. Five 6 Gbps SATA Enterprise Capacity 2TB HDDs were setup using Microsoft Windows as a spanned volume. System disk was a 6Gbps flash SSD and an NVMe flash SSD drive was used for database temp space. WHAT ABOUT NVM FLASH SSD? NAND flash and other Non‐Volaitile Memory (NVM) memory and SSD complement content solution. A little bit of flash SSD in the right place can have a big impact. The focus for theses tests is HDDs, however some flash SSDs were used as system boot and database temp (e.g. tempdb) space. Refer to StorageIO Lab reviews and visit www.thessdplace.com 4 SUT dual Intel Xeon E5‐2697 v3 (2.60 GHz) providing 54 logical processors, 64GB of RAM (expandable to 768GB with 32GB DIMMs, or 3TB with 128GB DIMMs) and two network connections. Network connections from the STI to SUT consisting of an Intel 1 GbE X540‐
AT2 as well as an Intel XL710 Q2 40 GbE CNA. The GbE LAN connection was used for management purposes while the 40 GbE was used for data traffic. System disk was a 6Gbs SATA flash SSD. Seagate Enterprise class HDDs were installed into the 16 available 2.5” small form factor (SFF) drive slots. Eight (left most) drive slots were connected to an Intel RMS3CC080 12 Gbps SAS RAID internal controller. The “Blue” drives in the middle were connected to both an NVMe PCIe card and motherboard 6 Gbps SATA controller using an SFF‐8637 connector. The four right most drives were also connected to the motherboard 6 Gbps SATA controller. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 5 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 SEAGATE ENTERPRISE HDDS USED DURING TESTING Various Seagate Enterprise HDD specifications use in the testing are shown below in table‐1. Qty 4 Seagate HDDs Enterprise 10K Performance Capacity 1.8TB 2 Enterprise Capacity 7.2K Enterprise 15K Performance 2TB 2 5 Enterprise Capacity 7.2K 600GB 2TB RPM 10K with cache 7.2K 15K with cache 7.2K Interface 12 Gbps SAS Size 2.5” 12 Gbps SAS 12 Gbps SAS 2.5” 6 Gbps SATA 2.5” 2.5” Model ST1800MM0128 with enhanced cache ST2000NX0273 ST600MX0082 with enhanced cache ST2000NX0273 Equus Price Each $875.00 USD Configuration $399.00 USD HW RAID 1 $595.00 USD HW RAID 1 $399.00 USD SW6 RAID Span Volume HW5 RAID 10 and RAID 1 Table‐1 Seagate Enterprise HDD specification and Equus Computer Systems pricing URLs for additional Equus Computer Systems content platform information: http://www.serversdirect.com/solutions/content‐solutions http://www.serversdirect.com/solutions/content‐solutions/video‐streaming http://www.serversdirect.com/File%20Library/Data%20Sheets/Intel‐SDR‐2P16D‐001‐ds2.pdf http://www.serversdirect.com/Servers/id‐SDR‐2P16D‐001/Intel_SDR‐2P16D‐001 URLs for additional Seagate Enterprise HDD information: http://www.serversdirect.com/Components/Drives/id‐HD1558/Seagate_ST2000NX0273_2TB_Hard_Drive http://www.serversdirect.com/Components/Drives/id‐HD1557/Seagate_Thunderbolt_10K_8_ST1800MM0128_HD http://www.serversdirect.com/Components/Drives/id‐HD1559/Seagate_ST600MX0082_SSHD 5 Hardware (HW) RAID using Intel server on‐board LSI based 12 Gbps SAS RAID card, RAID 1 with two (2) drives, RAID 10 with four (4) drives. RAID configured in write‐through mode with default stripe / chunk size. 6 Software (SW) RAID using Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 (span). Hardware RAID used write‐through cache (e.g. no buffering) with read‐ahead enabled and a default 256KB stripe/chunk size. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 6 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 SEAGATE PERFORMANCE ENHANCED CACHE FEATURE The Enterprise 10K and 15K Performance HDDs tested had the enhanced cache feature enabled. This feature provides a “turbo” boost like acceleration for both reads and write I/O operations. HDDs with enhanced cache feature leverage the fact that some NVM such as flash in the right place can have a big impact on performance7. In addition to their performance benefit, combing a best of or hybrid storage model (combing flash with HDDs along with software defined cache algorithms), these devices are “plug‐and‐play”. By being “plug‐and‐play” no extra special adapters, controllers, device drivers, tiering or cache management software tools are required. The Seagate Enterprise Performance 10K and 15K with enhanced cache feature are a good example of how there is more to performance in today’s HDDs than simply comparing RPMs, drive form factor or interface. DATABASE READS/WRITES Transaction Processing Council (TPC) TPC‐C like workloads were run against the SUT from the STI. These workloads simulated transactional, content management, meta‐data and key‐value processing. Microsoft SQL Server 2012 was configured and used with databases (each 470GB e.g. scale 6000) created and workload generated by virtual users via Benchmark Factory (running on STI Windows 2012 R2). A single SQL Server database instance8 was used on the SUT, however unique databases were created for each HDD set being tested. Both the main database file (.mdf) and the log file (.ldf) were placed on the same drive set being tested, keep in mind the constraints mentioned above. As time was a constraint, database workloads were run concurrent9 with each other except for the Enterprise 10K RAID 1 and RAID 10. Workload was run with two 10K HDDs in a RAID 1 configuration, then another workload run with a four drive RAID 10. In a production environment, ideally the .mdf and .ldf would be placed on separate HDDs and SSDs. To improve cache buffering the SQL Server database instance memory could be increased from 16GB to a larger number that would yield higher TPS numbers. Keep in mind the objective was not to see how fast I could make the databases run, rather how the different drives handled the workload. 7 Refer to Enterprise SSHD and Flash SSD Part of an Enterprise Tiered Storage Strategy http://storageioblog.com/enterprise‐sshd‐and‐flash‐ssd‐part‐of‐an‐enterprise‐tiered‐storage‐strategy/ 8 The SQL Server Tempdb was placed on a separate NVMe flash SSD, also the database instance memory size was set to 16GB which was shared by all databases and virtual users accessing it. 9 Each user step was run for 90 minutes with a 30 minute warm‐up preamble to measure steady‐state operation. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 7 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 TABLE‐2 SHOWS TPCC DATABASE WORKLOAD RESULTS Drive Cost per TPS Single Drive Cost / Per GB Raw Cap. Cost / Per GB Usable (Protected) Cap. Drive Cost (Multiple Drives) Protect Space Over head Cost per usable GB per TPS Resp. Time (Sec.) User
s TPCC Like TPS Single Drive Cost per TPS ENT 15K R1 1 23.9 $24.94 $49.89 $0.99 $0.99 $1,190 100% $49.89 0.01 ENT 10K R1 1 23.4 $37.38 $74.77 $0.49 $0.49 $1,750 100% $74.77 0.01 ENT CAP R1 1 16.4 $24.26 $48.52 $0.20 $0.20 $ 798 100% $48.52 0.03 ENT 10K R10 1 23.2 $37.70 $150.78 $0.49 $0.97 $3,500 100% $150.78 0.07 ENT CAP SWR5 1 17.0 $23.45 $117.24 $0.20 $0.25 $1,995 20% $117.24 0.02 ENT 15K R1 20 362.3 $1.64 $3.28 $0.99 $0.99 $1,190 100% $3.28 0.02 ENT 10K R1 20 339.3 $2.58 $5.16 $0.49 $0.49 $1,750 100% $5.16 0.01 ENT CAP R1 20 213.4 $1.87 $3.74 $0.20 $0.20 $ 798 100% $3.74 0.06 ENT 10K R10 20 389.0 $2.25 $9.00 $0.49 $0.97 $3,500 100% $9.00 0.02 ENT CAP SWR5 20 216.8 $1.84 $9.20 $0.20 $0.25 $1,995 20% $9.20 0.06 ENT 15K R1 50 417.3 $1.43 $2.85 $0.99 $0.99 $1,190 100% $2.85 0.08 ENT 10K R1 50 385.8 $2.27 $4.54 $0.49 $0.49 $1,750 100% $4.54 0.09 ENT CAP R1 50 103.5 $3.85 $7.71 $0.20 $0.20 $ 798 100% $7.71 0.45 ENT 10K R10 50 778.3 $1.12 $4.50 $0.49 $0.97 $3,500 100% $4.50 0.03 ENT CAP SWR5 50 109.3 $3.65 $18.26 $0.20 $0.25 $1,995 20% $18.26 0.42 ENT 15K R1 100 190.7 $3.12 $6.24 $0.99 $0.99 $1,190 100% $6.24 0.49 ENT 10K R1 100 175.9 $4.98 $9.95 $0.49 $0.49 $1,750 100% $9.95 0.53 ENT CAP R1 100 59.1 $6.76 $13.51 $0.20 $0.20 $ 798 100% $13.51 1.66 ENT 10K R10 100 560.6 $1.56 $6.24 $0.49 $0.97 $3,500 100% $6.24 0.14 ENT CAP SWR5 100 62.2 $6.42 $32.10 $0.20 $0.25 $1,995 20% $32.10 1.57 Table‐2 TPC‐C workload results various number of users across different drive configurations This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 8 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐2 TPC‐C TRANSACTIONS PER SECOND (TPS) Figure‐2 shows TPC‐C TPS (red dashed line) workload scaling over various number of users (1, 20, 50, and 100) with peak TPS per drive shown. Also shown is the used space capacity (in green), with total raw storage capacity in blue cross hatch. Looking at the multiple metrics in context shows that the 600GB Enterprise 15K HDD with performance enhanced cache is a premium option as an alternative, or, to complement flash SSD solutions. Figure‐2 472GB Database TPS scaling along with cost per TPS and storage space used In figure‐2, the 1.8TB Enterprise 10K HDD with performance enhanced cache while not as fast as the 15K, provides a good balance of performance, space capacity and cost effectiveness. A good use for the 10K drives is where some amount of performance is needed as well as a large amount of storage space for less frequently accessed content. A low cost, low performance option would be the 2TB Enterprise Capacity HDDs that have a good cost per capacity, however lack the performance of the 15K and 10K drives with enhanced performance cache. A four drive RAID 10 along with a five drive software volume (Microsoft WIndows) are also shown. For apples to apples comparison look at costs vs. capacity including number of drives needed for a given level of performance. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 9 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐3 TPC‐C TPS AND RESPONSE TIME SCALING Figure‐3 is a variation of figure‐2 showing TPC‐C TPS (blue bar) and response time (red‐dashed line) scaling across 1, 20, 50 and 100 users. Once again the Enterprise 15K with enhanced performance cache feature enabled has good performance in an apples to apples RAID 1 comparison. Note that the best performance was with the four drive RAID 10 using 10K HDDs. Given popularity, a four drive RAID 10 configuration with the 10K drives was used. Not surprising the four 10K drives performed better than the RAID 1 15Ks. Also note using five drives in a software spanned volume provides a large amount of storage capacity and good performance however with a larger drive footprint. Figure‐3 472GB Database TPS scaling along with response time (latency) From a cost per space capacity perspective, the Enterprise Capacity drives have a good cost per GB. A hybrid solution for environment that do not need ultra‐high performance would be to pair a small amount of flash SSD10 (drives or PCIe cards), as well as the 10K and 15K performance enhanced drives with the Enterprise Capacity HDD11 along with cache or tiering software. 10 Refer to Seagate 1200 12 Gbps Enterprise SAS SSD StorageIO lab review http://storageioblog.com/seagate‐1200‐12gbs‐enterprise‐sas‐ssd‐server‐storgeio‐lab‐review/ 11 Refer to Enterprise SSHD and Flash SSD Part of an Enterprise Tiered Storage Strategy http://storageioblog.com/enterprise‐sshd‐and‐flash‐ssd‐part‐of‐an‐enterprise‐tiered‐storage‐strategy/ This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 10 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FILE PERFORMANCE ACTIVITY Two separate file processing workloads were run12, one with a relative TIP small number of large files, and another with a large number of small files. For the large file processing (table‐3), 5 GByte sized files were Content solutions use files in created and then accessed via 128 Kbyte (128KB) sized I/O over a 10 various ways. Use the hour period with 90% read using 64 threads (workers). Large file following to gain perspective workload simulates what might be seen with higher definition video, how various HDDs handle image or other content streaming. The 10% writes are intended to workloads similar to your reflect some update activity for new content or other changes to specific needs. content. Note that 128KB per second translates to roughly 1 Gbps streaming content such as higher definition video. However 4K video (not optimized) would require a higher speed as well as resulting in larger file sizes. Table‐3 shows the performance during the large file access period showing average read /write rates and response time, bandwidth (MBps), average open and close rates with response time. ENT 15K R1 ENT 10K R1 ENT CAP R1 ENT 10K R10 Avg. File Read Rate 580.7 455.4 285.5 690.9 Avg. Read Resp. Time Sec. 107.9 135.5 221.9 87.21 Avg. File Write Rate 64.5 50.6 31.8 76.8 Avg. Write Resp. Time Sec. 19.7 44.6 19.0 48.6 Avg. CPU % Total 52.2 34.0 43.9 35.0 Avg. CPU % System 35.5 22.7 28.3 21.8 Avg. MBps Read 72.6 56.9 37.7 86.4 Avg. MBps Write 8.1 6.3 4.0 9.6 Table‐3 Performance summary for large file access operations (90% read) 12 File processing workloads were run using Vdbench 5.04 and file anchors with sample script configuration below VdbenchFSBigTest.txt # Sample script for big files testing fsd=fsd1,anchor=H:,depth=1,width=5,files=20,size=5G fwd=fwd1,fsd=fsd1,rdpct=90,xfersize=128k,fileselect=random,fileio=random,threads=64 rd=rd1,fwd=fwd1,fwdrate=max,format=yes,elapsed=10h,interval=30 vdbench ‐f VdbenchFSBigTest.txt ‐m 16 ‐o Results_FSbig_H_060615 VdbenchFSSmallTest.txt # Sample script for big files testing fsd=fsd1,anchor=H:,depth=1,width=64,files=25600,size=16k fwd=fwd1,fsd=fsd1,rdpct=90,xfersize=1k,fileselect=random,fileio=random,threads=64 rd=rd1,fwd=fwd1,fwdrate=max,format=yes,elapsed=10h,interval=30 vdbench ‐f VdbenchFSSmallTest.txt ‐m 16 ‐o Results_FSsmall_H_060615 This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 11 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 Table‐3 shows that for two‐drive RAID 1, the Enterprise 15K are the fastest performance, however using a RAID 10 with four 10K HDDs with enhanced cache features provide a good price, performance and space capacity option. Software RAID was used in this workload test. FIGURE‐4 LARGE FILE PERFORMANCE ACTIVITY Figure‐4 shows the relative performance of various HDD options handling large files, keep in mind that for the response line lower is better, while for the activity rate higher is better. Figure‐4 Large file processing 90% read, 10% write rate and response time In figure‐4 you can see the performance in terms of response time (reads larger dashed line, writes smaller dotted line) along with number of file read operations per second (reads solid blue column bar, writes green column bar). Reminder that lower response time, and higher activity rates are better. Performance declines moving from left to right, from 15K to 10K Enterprise Performance with enhanced cache feature to Enterprise Capacity (7.2K), all of which were hardware RAID 1. Also shown is a hardware RAID 10 (four x 10K HDDs). Results in figure‐4 above and table‐4 below show how various drives can be configured to balance their performance, capacity and costs to meet different needs. Table‐4 below shows an analysis looking at average file reads per second (RPS) performance vs. HDD costs, usable capacity and protection level. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 12 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 TABLE‐4 LARGE FILE PERFORMANCE ACTIVITY DETAILS Table‐4 is an example of looking at multiple metrics to make informed decisions as to which HDD would be best suited to your specific needs. For example RAID 10 using four 10K drives provides good performance and protection along with large usable space, however that also comes at a budget cost (e.g. price) ENT 15K R1 ENT 10K R1 ENT CAP R1 ENT 10K R10 Avg. File Reads Per Sec. (RPS) Single Drive Cost per RPS Multi‐
Drive Cost per RPS 580.7 455.5 285.5 690.9 $1.02 1.92 1.40 1.27 $2.05 3.84 2.80 5.07 Single Drive Cost / Per Cost / GB Usable Per GB (Protected) Capacity Cap. $ 0.99 0.49 0.20 0.49 $0.99 0.49 0.20 0.97 Drive Cost (Multiple Drives) Protection Overhead (Space Capacity for RAID) Cost per usable GB per RPS Avg. File Read Resp. (Sec.) $1,190 1,750 798 3,500 100% 100% 100% 100% $2.1 3.8 2.8 5.1 107.9 135.5 271.9 87.2 Table‐4 Performance, capacity and cost analysis for big file processing SMALL FILE SIZE PROCESSING To simulate a general file sharing environment, or content streaming with many smaller objects, 1,638,464 16KB sized files were created on each device being tested (table‐5). These files were spread across 64 directories (25,600 files each) and accessed via 64 threads (workers) doing 90% reads with a 1KB I/O size over a ten hour time frame. Like the large file test, and database activity, all workloads were run at the same time (e.g. test devices were concurrently busy). TABLE‐5 SMALL FILE SIZE PERFORMANCE DETAIL ENT 15K R1 ENT 10K R1 ENT CAP R1 ENT 10K R10 Avg. File Read Rate 3,415.7 2,203.4 1,063.1 4,590.5 Avg. Read Resp. Time Sec. 1.5 2.9 12.7 0.7 Avg. File Write Rate 379.4 244.7 118.1 509.9 Avg. Write Resp. Time Sec. 132.2 172.8 303.3 101.7 Avg. CPU % Total 24.9 24.7 24.6 27.7 Avg. CPU % System 19.5 19.3 19.2 22.1 Avg. MBps Read 3.3 2.2 1.1 4.5 Avg. MBps Write 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 Table‐5 Performance summary for small sized (16KB) file access operations (90% read) This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 13 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐5 SMALL FILE SIZE PROCESSING PERFORMANCE Figure‐5 shows the relative performance of various HDD options handling large files, keep in mind that for the response line lower is better, while for the activity rate higher is better. Figure‐5 Small file processing 90% read, 10% write rate and response time In figure‐5 you can see the performance in terms of response time (reads larger dashed line, writes smaller dotted line) along with number of file read operations per second (reads solid blue column bar, writes green column bar). Reminder that lower response time, and higher activity rates are better. Performance declines moving from left to right, from 15K to 10K Enterprise Performance with enhanced cache feature to Enterprise Capacity (7.2K), all of which were hardware RAID 1. Also shown is a hardware RAID 10 (four x 10K HDDs) that has higher performance and capacity along with costs (table‐5). Results in figure‐5 above and table‐5 below show how various drives can be configured to balance their performance, capacity and costs to meet different needs. Table‐6 below shows an analysis looking at average file reads per second (RPS) performance vs. HDD costs, usable capacity and protection level. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 14 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 TABLE‐6 SMALL FILE PERFORMANCE COST ANALYSIS Table‐6 is an example of looking at multiple metrics to make informed decisions as to which HDD would be best suited to your specific needs. For example RAID 10 using four 10K drives provides good performance and protection along with large usable space, however that also comes at a budget cost (e.g. price). ENT 15K R1 ENT 10K R1 ENT CAP R1 ENT 10K R10 Avg. File Reads Per Sec. (RPS) Single Drive Cost per RPS Multi‐
Drive Cost per RPS 3,415.7 2,203.4 1,063.1 4,590.5 $0.17 0.40 0.38 0.19 $0.35 0.79 0.75 0.76 Single Drive Cost / Per Cost / GB Usable Per GB (Protected) Capacity Cap. $0.99 0.49 0.20 0.49 $0.99 0.49 0.20 0.97 Drive Cost (Multiple Drives) Protection Overhead (Space Capacity for RAID) Cost per usable GB per RPS Avg. File Read Resp. (Sec.) $1,190 1,750 798 3,500 100% 100% 100% 100% $0.35 0.79 0.75 0.76 1.51 2.90 12.70 0.70 Table‐6 Performance, capacity and cost analysis for small file processing Looking at the small file processing analysis in table‐5 shows that the 15K HDDs on an apples to apples basis (e.g. same RAID level and number of drives) provide the best performance. However when also factoring in space capacity, performance, different RAID level or other protection schemes along with cost, there are other considerations. On the other hand the Enterprise Capacity 2TB HDDs have a low cost per capacity, however do not have the performance of other options, assuming your applications need more performance. Thus the right HDD for one application may not be the best one for a different scenario as well as multiple metrics as shown in table‐5 need to be included in an informed storage decision making process. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 15 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 GENERAL I/O PERFORMANCE In addition to running database and file (large and small) processing workloads, Vdbench was also used to collect basic small (8KB) and large (128KB) sized I/O operations. This consisted of random and sequential reads as well as writes with the results shown below. These workloads used Vdbench configured13 to do direct I/O to a Windows file system mounted device using as much of the available disk space as possible. All workloads used 16 threads and were run concurrently similar to database and file processing tests. TABLE‐7 8KB RANDOM IOPS 75% READS/WRITES Table‐7 shows workload results for 8KB random IOPs 75% reads and 75% writes including IOPs, bandwidth and response time. ENT 15K RAID1 ENT 10K RAID1 ENT CAP RAID1 75% 25% 75% 75% Read Read Read 25% Read Read 25% Read I/O Rate (IOPs) 597.11 559.26 514 475 285 293 MB/sec 4.7 4.4 4.0 3.7 2.2 2.3 Resp. Time (Sec.) 25.9 27.6 30.2 32.7 55.5 53.7 ENT 10K R10 ECAP SW RAID (5 (4 Drives) Drives) 75% 75% 25% Read 25% Read Read Read 979 984 491 644 7.7 7.7 3.8 5.0 16.3 16.3 32.6 24.8 Table‐7 8KB sized random IOPs workload results 13
Sample vdbench configuration for general I/O, note different settings were used for various tests # seqrxx.txt sd=sd1,lun=H:TEMPIO1.tmp,openflags=directio,size=500G wd=mix,sd=sd1 rd=mix4corner,wd=mix,elapsed=1h,interval=30,iorate=max,forthreads=(16),forxfersize=(128k),forseekpct=(0),for
rdpct=(100,0),openflags=direct vdbench ‐f SIO_seqrxx.txt ‐o 128KSEQReadWrite_061515 This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 16 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐6 8KB RANDOM IOPS 75% READS/WRITES Figure‐6 shows small (8KB) random I/O (75% read and 25% read) across different HDD configurations. Performance including activity rates (e.g. IOPs), bandwidth and response time for mixed reads / writes are shown. Note how response time increases with the Enterprise Capacity configurations vs. other performance optimized drives. Figure‐6 8KB random reads and write showing IOP activity, bandwidth and response time TABLE‐8 8KB SEQUENTIAL IOPS 75% READS/WRITES Table‐8 below shows workload results for 8GB sized I/Os 100% sequential with 75% reads and 75% writes including IOPs, MB/sec and response time in seconds. I/O Rate (IOPs) MB/sec Resp. Time (Sec.) ENT 15K RAID1 75% 25% Read Read 3,778 3,414 29.5 26.7 2.2 3.1 ENT 10K RAID1 75% 25% Read Read 3,761 3,986 29.4 31.1 2.3 2.4 ENT CAP RAID1 75% 25% Read Read 3,379 1,274 26.4 10.0 2.7 10.9 ENT 10K R10 (4 Drives) 75% 25% Read Read 8,368 11,840 92.5 65.4 1.3 1.9 ECAP SW RAID (5 Drives) 75% 25% Read Read 2,891 1,146 22.6 9.0 5.5 14.0 Table‐8 8KB sized sequential workload results This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 17 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐7 8KB SEQUENTIAL IOPS 75% READS/WRITES Figure‐7 shows small 8KB sequential mixed reads and writes (75% read and 75% write), while the Enterprise Capacity 2TB HDD has a large amount of space capacity, its performance in a RAID 1 vs. other similar configured drives is slower. Figure‐7 8KB sequential 75% reads and 75% write showing bandwidth activity TABLE‐9 128KB SEQUENTIAL IOPS 100% READS/WRITES Table‐9 shows workload results for 100% sequential, 100% read and 100% write 128KB sized I/Os including IOPs, bandwidth and response time. I/O Rate (IOPs) MB/sec Resp. Time (Sec.) ENT 15K RAID1 Read Write 1,798 1,771 224.7 221.3 8.9 9.0 ENT 10K RAID1 Read Write 1,716 1,688 214.5 210.9 9.3 9.5 ENT CAP RAID1 Read Write 921 912 115.2 114.0 17.4 17.5 ENT 10K R10 (4 Drives) Read Write 3,552 3,486 444.0 435.8 4.5 4.6 ECAP SW RAID (5 Drives) Read Write 780 721 97.4 90.1 19.3 20.2 Table‐9 128KB sized sequential workload results This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 18 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 FIGURE‐8 128KB SEQUENTIAL IOPS 100% READS/WRITES Figure‐8 shows sequential or streaming operations of larger I/O (100% read and 100% write) requests sizes (128KB) that would be found with large content applications. Figure‐8 highlights the relationship between lower response time and increased IOPs as well as bandwidth. Figure‐8 128KB sequential reads and write showing IOP activity, bandwidth and response time This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 19 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 COMPARING ENTERPRISE 10K AND 15K HDD GENERATIONS There is more to HDD performance than RPM speed of the device. RPM plays an important role, however there are other things that impact HDD performance. A common myth is that HDDs have not improved on performance over the past several years with each successive generation. Table‐10 shows a sampling of various generations of enterprise 10K and 15K HDDs including different form factors and how their performance continues to improve. Figure‐9 10K and 15K HDD performance improvements Figure‐9 shows how performance continues to improve with 10K and 15K HDDs with each new generation including those with enhanced cache features. The result is that with improvements in cache software within the drives, along with enhanced persistent non‐volatile memory (NVM) and incremental mechanical drive improvements, both read and write performance continues to be enhanced. Figure‐9 puts into perspective the continued performance enhancements of HDDs comparing various enterprise 10K and 15K devices. The workload is the same TPC‐C tests used earlier in a similar14 (with no RAID). 100 simulated users are shown in figure‐9 accessing a database on each of the different drives all running concurrently. The older 15K 3.5” Cheetah and 2.5” Savio used had a capacity of 146GB which used a database scale factor of 1500 or 134GB. All other drives used a scale factor 3000 or 276GB. Figure‐
9 also highlights the improvements in both TPS performance as well as lower response time with new HDDs including those with performance enhanced cache feature. 14 10K and 15K generational comparisons were run on a separate comparable server to what was used for other test workloads. Workload configuration settings were the same as other database workloads including using Microsoft SQL Server 2012 on a Windows 2012 R2 system with Benchmark Factory driving the workload. Database memory sized was reduced however to only 8GB vs. 16GB used in other tests. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 20 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 TABLE‐10 ENTERPRISE 10K AND 15K HDD GENERATIONS The workloads run are same as the TPC‐C ones shown earlier, however these drives were not configured with any RAID. The TPC‐C activity used Benchmark Factory with similar setup and configuration to those used earlier including on a multi‐socket, multi‐core Windows 2012 R2 server supporting a Microsoft SQL Server 2012 database with a database for each drive type. ENT 10K V3 2.5" ENT (Cheetah) 15K 3.5" Users 1 50 100 Users 1 20 50 100 TPS (TPC‐C) 14.8 50.9 30.3 39.9 TPS (TPC‐C) 14.6 51.3 27.1 39.3 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.4 1.6 1.7 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.3 1.8 2.1 ENT 10K 2.5" (with cache) ENT (Savio) 15K 2.5" Users 1 20 50 100 Users 1 20 50 100 TPS (TPC‐C) 19.2 146.3 72.6 71.0 TPS (TPC‐C) 15.8 59.1 40.2 53.6 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.0 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.3 1.2 1.2 ENT 15K V4 2.5" Users 1 20 50 100 TPS (TPC‐C) 19.7 119.8 75.3 69.2 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.0 ENT 15K (enhanced cache) 2.5" Users 1 20 50 100 TPS (TPC‐C) 20.1 184.1 113.7 122.1 Resp. Time (Sec.) 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 20 Table‐10 Continued Enterprise 10K and 15K HDD performance improvements This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 21 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 WHAT THIS ALL MEANS A little bit of flash in the right place with applicable algorithms goes a long way, an example being the Seagate Enterprise HDDs with enhanced cache feature. Likewise, HDDs are very much alive complementing SSD and vice versa. For high‐performance content application workloads flash SSD solutions including NVMe, 12Gbps SAS and 6Gbps SATA devices are cost effective solutions. HDDs continue to be cost‐effective data storage devices for both capacity, as well as environments that do not need the performance of flash SSD. For some environments using a combination of flash and HDDs complementing each other along with cache software can be a cost‐effective solution. The previous workload examples provide insight for making cost‐effective informed storage decisions. Evaluate todays HDDs on their effective performance running workloads as close as similar to your own, or, actually try them out with your applications. Today there is more to HDD performance than just RPM speed, particular with the Seagate Enterprise Performance 10K and 15K HDDs with enhanced caching feature. However the Enterprise Performance 10K with enhanced cache feature provides a good balance of capacity, performance while being cost‐effective. If you are using older 3.5” 15K or even previous generation 2.5” 15K RPM and “non‐performance enhanced” HDDs, take a look at how the newer generation HDDs perform, looking beyond the RPM of the device. WRAP UP AND SUMMARY, CALL TO ACTION Fast content applications need fast content and flexible content solution platforms such as those from Equus Computer Systems. Key to a successful content application deployment is having the flexibility to hardware define and software defined the platform to meet your needs. Just as there are many different types of content applications along with diverse environments, content solution platforms need to be flexible, scalable and robust, not to mention cost effective. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Greg Schulz is Founder and Sr. Analyst of independent IT advisory consultancy firm Server StorageIO and UnlimitedIO LLC (e.g. StorageIO®). He has worked in IT at an electrical utility, financial services and transportation firms in roles ranging from business applications development to systems management, architecture, strategy and capacity planning. Mr. Schulz is author of the Intel Recommended Reading List books “Cloud and Virtual Data Storage Networking” and “The Green and Virtual Data Center” via CRC Press and “Resilient Storage Networks” (Elsevier). Greg is a Microsoft MVP and VMware vExpert. Learn more at www.storageio.com and www.storageioblog.com follow on twitter @StorageIO. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 22 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® WHICH ENTERPRISE HDD TO USE WITH A CONTENT SERVER PLATFORM Server StorageIO® Lab Report Compliments of Equus Computer Systems and Seagate October 31, 2015 ABOUT SERVER STORAGEIO® Server StorageIO (StorageIO®) is an independent information technology (IT) advisory consultancy firm (aka industry analyst) based in Stillwater, MN USA. Founded in 2006 by noted IT industry veteran and author Greg Schulz, StorageIO provides a range of services to its clients whom range from stealth startups to existing small, medium size and the industry’s largest most well known firms. Our diverse client past and current range from IT organizations, vendors, value‐added resellers (VARs), media, publishers and event organizers to financial and venture capitalist on a global basis. With a focus on information and data infrastructure topics including hardware, software, services, management, best practices, industry, technology and market trends. StorageIO provides independent, real‐world experience based services to different clients. StorageIO provides a range of services including confidential (e.g. whisper services) non‐disclosure agreement (NDA) based. These include custom consulting, strategy, M&A, content creation, lab and validation, along with advisory, audit and research. Advisory Consulting Research and Content StorageIO Labs Proof‐points Multimedia and Social Media Events and Activities Learn more at www.storageio.com/about www.storageioblog.com follow us on Twitter @StorageIO. DISCLOSURES StorageIO® is a registered trademark of Server StorageIO and UnlimitedIO LLC. All other product names are the trademarks of their respective owners. Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) makes no expressed or implied warranties in this technical marketing document relating to the use or operation of the products and techniques described herein. StorageIO® in no event shall be liable for any indirect, inconsequential, special, incidental or other damages arising out of or associated with any aspect of this document, its use, reliance upon the information, recommendations, or inadvertent errors contained herein. Information, opinions and recommendations made by StorageIO® are based upon public information believed to be accurate, reliable, and subject to change. Refer to StorageIO® privacy and Disclosure policy at www.storageio.com/disclosure.html. This industry trends and perspective white paper is compliments of Equus Computer Systems (www.equuscs.com) and Seagate Enterprise Storage www.seagate.com. This Server StorageIO® Labs Review Industry Trends Perspective Solution Brief Is compliments of Seagate and Equus © Copyright 2015 Server StorageIO® and UnlimitedIO LLC (StorageIO®) All Rights Reserved. www.storageio.com @StorageIOP.O. Box 2026 Stillwater, MN 55082 +1 651‐275‐1563 info@storageio.com P a g e 23 of 23 Distributed under license from StorageIO® 
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