Working with Graphics

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In this chapter
•Learn how to insert horizontal and vertical
graphic lines.
Find out how to import graphics into
• Learn how to create and use text boxes.
• Add borders and fills to graphics and text
boxes, and learn how to wrap text around
• Learn how to add a watermark to your
• Explore creating and layering your own
drawings (shapes).
Working with Graphics
Words are great. They’re the stuff of Grapes of Wrath, To Kill a
Mockingbird, and The Catcher in the Rye. Just think what the authors
of those famous works could have done with a word processing program such as WordPerfect! Although you and I are pretty good with
words, we could use a little help in making our words communicate
more effectively. That’s where graphics come in.
Graphic elements range from simple lines or shapes that we create ourselves, to clip art created by artists who are much better at art than we
are. WordPerfect makes it so easy to insert and manipulate graphics
that you don’t have to be an artist to create documents with a polished
and professional appearance.
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Working with Graphic Lines
Although they might not seem like it, lines in WordPerfect are a simple form of
graphics. In fact, some of the things you learn about graphic lines will help you as
you work with more complex things such as shapes or clip art. So, graphic lines are
a good place to start the discussion.
Inserting Standard Lines
There are two basic types of lines in WordPerfect: horizontal and vertical. The most
commonly used type is the horizontal line, which helps the reader visually separate
sections of your document.
For example, when you create a memo, you often separate the heading information
(TO:, FROM:, RE:) from the body of the text with a line that extends from one margin to the other. The default horizontal graphic line is a thin line that stretches from
the left to the right margin (see Figure 12.1).
To create the default horizontal line
1. Position the insertion point on the line where you want to create the graphic
2. Choose Insert, Line, Horizontal line (Ctrl+F11).
Default horizontal line
The default horizontal line
extends from
the left margin
to the right
WordPerfect places a perfectly measured horizontal line in your document (refer to
Figure 12.1). No muss, no fuss! “But,” you ask, “why can’t I just type a bunch of
underlines?” Graphic lines have distinct advantages over lines created with
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characters. First, if you change your margins, the line might end up being too long
and will wrap to the next line, or it might be too short, not reaching all the way to
the right margin. Second, if you change your font, the width of the underline characters changes and again your line might be too long or too short. Graphic lines, on
the other hand, fit neatly from margin to margin, regardless of the margin settings
or the text font.
The other graphic line type, vertical lines, has a different purpose. Often, they are
used with newspaper style columns and help the reader follow the flow of the text
(see Figure 12.2).
Vertical lines are
often used to
columns of text.
To insert a vertical line, position the insertion point at the left margin and simply
choose Insert, Line, Vertical Line. WordPerfect inserts a vertical line at the left
margin that extends from the top to bottom margins (see Figure 12.3). Note, however, that because the default vertical line is nearly on top of the text, you will probably want to move the line over a little.
Customizing Graphic Lines
Fortunately, you can customize your lines to meet your needs. One way is simply to
drag the lines to another location. The other is to create a line as long and as thick
as you want, located exactly where you want it. Suppose that you want to move the
vertical line you just created a bit to the left, into the left margin.
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Default vertical line
The default vertical line practically stands on
top of the text,
so you might
need to adjust
its location.
To move a graphic line
1. Position the mouse pointer over the graphic line until the pointer leans to the
2. Click the mouse, and small black boxes appear at each end of the line and
also in the middle (see Figure 12.4). These boxes are called sizing handles and
can be used to manipulate a graphic image.
Four-way arrow pointer
Sizing handles
are used to
change the
shape of a
graphic element.
Sizing handle
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3. Position the mouse pointer over the selected graphic until it turns into a fourway arrow, which is the move pointer (refer to Figure 12.4).
4. Click and hold down the mouse button while you drag the line to its new
5. When the line is where you want it, release the mouse button. If you don’t
get it quite right, repeat steps 3 and 4 until you do (see Figure 12.5).
The vertical line
has been moved
away from the
text into the left
It doesn’t make any difference whether you’re moving a horizontal or vertical line;
the steps to move it are the same. You select the line by clicking on it; then move the
line by dragging it to a new location.
Most of us prefer simply to drag graphic elements to position them and use sizing
handles to resize them. However, sometimes you need more precise control of a line:
the length, width, thickness, color, or the position on the page. Suppose that you
want to create a three-inch signature line at the end of a legal agreement.
To create a custom line
1. Position the insertion point where you want to insert the line.
2. Choose Insert, Line, Custom Line. WordPerfect displays the Create
Graphics Line dialog box (see Figure 12.6).
3. Change the line options as desired. For example,
■ Vertical line/Horizontal line—Choose the type of line you want to
create. This selection determines some of the other options available to
■ Line attributes—Choose the style (single, double, dashed, and so on),
color, thickness, spacing, and length.
■ Position on page—If you set a horizontal line’s horizontal position to
Left, whatever size line you create will begin at the left margin. To place
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a vertical line between columns, choose the horizontal position Align
with Columns. If you choose Set in either the Vertical or
Horizontal drop-down lists, the length of the line will be from the current insertion point position to the right or bottom margin.
Using the
Create Graphics
Line dialog box,
you can create
a custom line of
any length,
thickness, color,
or location.
4. The preview box shows you what your line will look like. When you’re
satisfied, click OK. WordPerfect inserts the line in your document (see
Figure 12.7).
Horizontal line
You can use
horizontal, vertical, or custom
lines all in the
same document.
Custom vertical line
Custom signature line
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Inserting Graphic Images
Graphic lines are simple and are rather practical graphic elements. However, I’ll bet
that you really want to know about putting pictures in your document. You’ve probably heard about clip art, but that is just one of the many graphic elements you can
add to a WordPerfect document. Some of the things you can add include
■ WordPerfect’s own clip art images
■ Pictures you take with a digital camera
■ Images you scan yourself
■ Graphic images from the Internet
■ Background graphics called watermarks
■ Graphic shapes such as stars, boxes, or arrows
Working with graphics is fun! But try not to get too
carried away. At the very least, you might find yourself spending a lot of time trying to get things just
right. At the worst, you will focus so much on the
graphical elements that you neglect to write good
Inserting Clip Art
The easiest place to start is with WordPerfect’s own
clip art images—predesigned artwork that comes
with the WordPerfect program. The steps to insert
and manipulate these graphic images also apply
to most other graphic elements, including graphic
lines, which you just learned about.
To insert a clip art image in your document
1. Position the insertion point at the location
where you want to insert the graphic image.
2. Choose Insert, Graphics, Clipart, or click
the Clipart button on the toolbar.
WordPerfect displays the Scrapbook dialog
box (see Figure 12.8), which contains
thumbnail images of the clip art on your
system, along with photos, video, and audio
During a typical installation, only a portion of
the 9,500 clip art images are
copied over to your system. The
additional images and the photos
are located on CD #2. You can
import the images so that thumbnails are displayed in the
Scrapbook, or you can access
those images by choosing Insert,
Graphics, From File and browsing to the image. Even more
images and photos are available
online. Choose Internet in the
Scrapbook and follow the
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Depending on
your version of
WordPerfect, the
Scrapbook provides access to
up to 9,500 clip
art images (on
CD-ROM), as
well as photos,
audio, and
video clips.
3. Scroll through the list of images and select the one you want.
4. Click Insert to place the image in your document. Or, if you prefer, you can
double-click an image to insert it in the document.
5. Click Close to clear the Scrapbook dialog box.
Notice how the image pushes aside the text that surrounds it, in the shape of a rectangle (see Figure 12.9). You will also note that a special Graphics property bar
appears to help you manipulate and modify the image. And don’t forget that nearly
anything that’s available on the property bars is also available on the QuickMenu.
If you get into the habit of right-clicking graphics so you can select from the
QuickMenu, you’ll save yourself oodles of time.
Graphics property bar
Graphic images
are placed in
graphics boxes
that you can
with the sizing
handles and
several options
on the Graphics
property bar, or
the QuickMenu.
Sizing handles
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The rectangle that surrounds the image is called a graphics box,
and when selected it is surrounded by eight black
boxes called sizing handles (refer to Figure 12.9). If
you click elsewhere in the document, you deselect
the graphic box and the handles disappear.
When you click an image, you select the object
Be careful not to doubleclick a clip art image
and the sizing handles reappear.
after you’ve inserted it
Note that if you accidentally insert the wrong
in to your document.
image, you can delete it. Just select the image
Doing so actually transfers
and press Delete.
you to the Corel Presentations
graphics program where you can
and Sizing an Image
edit the clip art image itself. Menus
and toolbars change drastically. If
Before we talk about other types of images, you
this does happen, simply click outprobably want to know how to make the clip art
side the image area to return to
behave the way you want it to. It might be too
WordPerfect and your document.
large or too small, and almost certainly it won’t
be positioned exactly where you want it.
To move an image
1. Click once on the image to select it; the sizing handles appear. Remember
that double-clicking takes you to the graphics editor.
2. Position the mouse pointer over the image until it turns to the four-sided
move pointer.
3. Click and drag the image to the new location.
4. Release the mouse button.
Part of the problem in placing the graphic might be that the image is too large or
too small. You can change the size of a graphic image this way:
1. Select the image and then move the mouse pointer to one of the corner sizing
handles until the pointer turns to a two-way arrow. This is called a resizing
pointer (see Figure 12.10).
2. Click and drag the sizing handle toward the center of the image to make it
smaller or away from the center to make it larger.
3. Release the mouse button. You might need to further adjust the location of
the image as described previously.
Dragging the corner sizing handles keeps the image proportional. If you want to distort an image, drag the top, bottom, or side sizing handles. You can produce some
interesting images using this method, such as short, fat giraffes or long, skinny pigs.
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For example, in Figure 12.11, the image on the left has the original proportions. The
image in the middle is taller as a result of clicking and dragging the bottom center
sizing handle downward to increase the length. The image on the right is wider after
clicking and dragging a side sizing handle outward to increase the width.
FIGURE 12.10
To resize a
graphic image,
drag the corner
sizing handles.
Resizing pointer
FIGURE 12.11
You can alter
the proportions
of an image by
clicking and
dragging the
top, bottom, or
side sizing
Importing Graphics
WordPerfect’s clip art is extensive and useful. But often the precise image you need
just can’t be found in WordPerfect’s clip art library. Fortunately, you can import
almost any type of graphic, from almost any source. The Internet has a vast
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collection of free clip art that you can download and use in your documents. You
can also convert graphics created in other applications to WordPerfect format.
Finally, if you have a printed copy of an image, it can be scanned and inserted into
a document.
Inserting Other Graphic Types
Whether you use a graphic image created in another graphics program, a scanned
graphic, or an image from the Internet, the procedure for inserting it is the same.
WordPerfect capably converts to the WordPerfect format a variety of graphics, such
as the GIF, JPG, TIFF, or PCX graphics format. For a complete list of the formats that
you can convert in WordPerfect, search for “graphic file import formats” in the
Index tab of the Help Topics dialog box.
To convert a graphic from another format, all you have to do is insert the image,
and WordPerfect takes care of the rest. If, for some reason, WordPerfect doesn’t recognize a graphic format, it tells you, and you will have to find another format for the
image you want.
To insert a graphic image from a non-WordPerfect file
1. Position the insertion point approximately where you want to place the
graphic image.
2. Choose Insert, Graphics, From File. WordPerfect displays the Insert Image
dialog box. It looks a lot like the File Open dialog box, and you use it the
same way to locate and insert a graphic image that you’ve saved to your
disk. You might have to browse to locate the file you want.
3. Select the file you want to use, and click Insert. WordPerfect converts the file
to a WordPerfect format and inserts it into your document (see Figure 12.12).
FIGURE 12.12
You can insert
nearly any kind
of graphic
image, including scanned
images or
graphics from
the Internet.
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4. At this point, you can move and size the
image just like you did the clip art image.
Using Images from a Scanner
Any image, black-and-white or color, can be
scanned and inserted into a document. The quality
of the scanned image is directly related to the quality of the scanner. If you aren’t satisfied with the
scanned image, you might consider paying a print
shop to scan the image for you.
To scan an image directly into your WordPerfect
1. Position the insertion point where you want
the image.
2. Choose Insert, Graphics, Acquire
Image. Depending on the scanner you
have, a scanning software program
appears. Each scanning program is different, but you should consider these options,
if available:
■ Choose the type of scan that matches
the image: color, grayscale, or black
and white.
■ Crop (trim) the scan to just that part
of the overall image you want.
Graphics come in two
basic flavors: vector and
bitmap. WordPerfect’s own clip
art images (.wpg) are vector
graphics, which are created by
using mathematical calculations.
When you stretch such an image,
the lines remain smooth because
WordPerfect knows how to recalculate to fill in the lines. On the
other hand, bitmap graphics (.jpg,
.gif, tiff, .bmp, .pcx)—such as
those you find on the Internet or
that come from scanned
images—are made up of individual blocks of color called pixels,
which aren’t quite so easy to
manipulate. In particular, bitmap
images do not enlarge as cleanly
as vector art does. Very small
bitmap images tend to have “jaggies” (jagged edges) when you
stretch them to make them larger.
■ If you can, specify the size of the
resulting image. For example, the
original might be only 1/2'' by 1/2'',
but if you scan it at 2'' by 2'', the result
will be much cleaner and you won’t
have to stretch the image. Likewise, you can make a much larger image
smaller so that it doesn’t take up so much space on your hard drive.
■ Apply settings such as color balance or brightness and contrast.
3. When you’re ready, scan the image. The scanning program either sends the
result to a file on your system, or inserts it directly into your WordPerfect
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4. If the image isn’t inserted directly into WordPerfect, choose Insert,
Graphics, From File and browse to the scanned image so that you can
insert it yourself (see Figure 12.13).
Scanned image
FIGURE 12.13
Some applications allow you
to scan directly
whereas others
save the file to
5. Size and move the image just as you would
any graphic.
Using Images from the Internet
You can even use images you obtain from the
Internet. But first, a word of caution—just because
you can use Internet images, doesn’t necessarily
make it legal. Copyright laws apply to Internet
graphics just as they apply to print graphics.
Depending on how and where your document will
be used, you might need to seek permission to use
Internet images in your documents.
To download an Internet image and use it in a
WordPerfect document
If you have a scanner
and you want more information on how to use it effectively, take a look at Que’s The
Scanning Workshop by Richard
Romano, ISBN 0-7897-2558-4.
1. Locate an image using your Internet browser;
then right-click the image you want to download.
2. In Netscape choose Save Image As, or in Internet Explorer choose Save
Picture As.
3. Provide a name and local destination (for example, c:\My Pictures\happyface.jpg). Don’t change the filename extension for the image—for example,
.gif or .jpg.
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4. Click Save to save the image.
5. Switch to WordPerfect and choose Insert, Graphics, From File.
6. Browse to the location where you saved the image, select the image, and click
WordPerfect converts the image from the Internet format (.gif or .jpg) and places it
in the document. See Figure 12.14 for an example of an Internet image, at both normal and enlarged sizes. You then can move or size the image.
FIGURE 12.14
Small bitmap
images downloaded from the
Internet might
have jagged
edges if you try
to enlarge them.
Creating Text Boxes
A text box is just what you would expect: a box that you can type text into. Text
boxes in a graphics chapter? You might be wondering how text boxes fit in a chapter on graphics. Well, the box that contains the text is a graphics box, so you treat
text boxes just like graphic images.
What’s nifty about text boxes is that you can create some text, such as a sign or a
label, and then move it on top of other text or graphic images. See “Layering
Graphics” at the end of this chapter for more information.
To create a text box
1. Position the insertion point approximately where you want the text box to
2. Choose Insert, Text Box. WordPerfect places an empty text box at the right
of the screen (see Figure 12.15).
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Mouse pointer
FIGURE 12.15
Text boxes let
you put text in a
box that you
can place anywhere on the
document, even
in the margins.
3. Type the text you want. You can change the font style, size, color, or other
attributes, and you can include hard returns, just as you would with regular
4. When you’re finished editing the text content of the box, you might want to
size the text box to match the contents. Note that when you size a text box,
the text reformats to fit the new contours of the box.
5. To move the box, move the mouse pointer to the edge of the text box. When
it changes to a move pointer (refer to Figure 12.15), click and drag the box.
Drop the box into a new position.
If, after the text box is deselected, you want to make some changes to the text, you
need to select the box first. The first click places sizing handles around the box. The
second click activates a thick border around the box. When you see the thick border
and a blinking insertion point inside the box, you can edit the text.
Setting Border, Wrap, and Fill Options
Graphics boxes—whether they contain clip art, scanned images, or text—are like
containers you place into your text. The way your document’s text flows around
these graphics boxes is called wrap. A box can also have a visible border, and it can
be filled with a pattern or color.
Wrapping Text Around Graphics Boxes
You can make your text wrap around graphics boxes in several ways. By default,
WordPerfect text moves aside to make room for graphics boxes, but you can change
the settings to have the text appear in front of, or behind, the box (see Figure 12.16).
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Contoured to
shape of image
Behind text
In front of text
FIGURE 12.16
Wrapping text
means making
room around a
graphics box for
the text that
surrounds it.
You can also
place graphic
images in front
of or behind the
No wrap on either side
To change how text wraps around a box, rightclick the graphics box and choose Wrap from the
context menu. WordPerfect displays the Wrap Text
dialog box (see Figure 12.17). You can also click
the Wrap button on the Graphics property bar to
display a drop-down list of options, but to see the
Graphics property bar, you must have first selected
the graphics image or text box (click on the edge
of a text box to select it). Some of the more useful
options from the Wrap Text dialog box are illustrated in Figure 12.16.
FIGURE 12.17
The Wrap Text
dialog box
shows you various ways to
wrap text
around graphics
With the Contour
option selected, text wraps
around the image in the box, not
the box itself (refer to Figure
12.16). This eliminates the extra
whitespace between the graphic
and the text. Note that if you add
a border of any kind to a contoured graphics box, the wrap
option reverts back to Square.
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Adding Borders to Graphics Boxes
If you really want to set off your graphics, you can put a border around them. By
default, text boxes have a single line border and graphic boxes have none. You can
switch to a different line border, or a decorative border, in just a few steps.
To change the border around a graphics box
1. Click the graphics box that needs a border. Remember, you have to click the
edge of a text box to select it.
2. Click the Border Style button on the Graphics property bar. WordPerfect displays a palette of border styles (see Figure 12.18).
Border Style button
FIGURE 12.18
Select graphics
box border styles
from the
Graphics property bar. Click
the box with the
X in it to remove
a border.
Click to open the Box Border/Fill dialog box
3. Hover the mouse pointer over the border you want to activate in RealTime
Preview, which shows you how the border will look if you apply it to the
4. Select a border style from the palette. WordPerfect adds it to your graphics
box (see Figure 12.19).
If you’re feeling particularly adventurous, you can click the More button on the
Border Style palette to display the Box Border/Fill dialog box, where you can change
line or shadow colors and styles, and more. Figure 12.19 shows a drop-shadow border on the left and bottom sides of the graphic box.
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FIGURE 12.19
Graphics boxes
stand out more
clearly with an
appropriate border, such as this
Drop-shadow border
Adding Fills to Graphics Boxes
For effect, you can also provide a background pattern or shading to your graphics
box, whether or not you use a border. Let me give you some examples. You might
want to add a shaded background behind a clip art image or to text in a text box. If
you have access to a color printer, you can use colors; otherwise, the shading is done
in shades of gray.
To select a fill pattern and color
1. Click the graphics box to select it.
2. Click the Box Fill button on the Graphics property bar. WordPerfect displays
a palette of fill patterns (see Figure 12.20).
3. Hover the mouse pointer over the pattern you want—for example, one of the
gradient shadings on the bottom row of the palette. WordPerfect previews the
effect in the document before you select it (refer to Figure 12.19).
4. Click the fill pattern you want to use. WordPerfect applies it to the graphics
Unfortunately, all the patterns on the palette are shades of gray. If you want to add
color, click More on the Box Fill button. WordPerfect displays the Box Border/Fill
dialog box, with the Fill tab selected (see Figure 12.21). Click the color buttons (in
this case, Start Color and End Color) and select the colors that you want to use. Click
OK when you’re finished.
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Click to open the Box Border/Fill dialog box
Box Fill button
Gradient Fill
New fill pattern
FIGURE 12.20
Gradient shading is just one of
many fill patterns you can
apply to graphics boxes.
FIGURE 12.21
The Box
Border/Fill dialog box helps
you add color to
fill patterns.
Adding Watermarks
If you hold a quality piece of bond paper up to the light, you will see a pattern, usually the name of the company that manufactured it. This is called a watermark. In
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WordPerfect, watermarks are much more versatile
and can serve a useful purpose. They’re simply lightly
shaded versions of graphics or text images that
seem to lie behind the body of text. Figure 12.22
shows you what a typical watermark might look
To create a watermark
1. Position the cursor at the beginning of the
2. Choose Insert, Watermark. WordPerfect
displays the Watermark dialog box (see
Figure 12.23).
FIGURE 12.22
A watermark
image is text or
a graphic
image, displayed at 25%
FIGURE 12.23
You can use the
Watermark dialog box to create
or edit background watermark graphics.
Watermarks function
like headers in that they
appear on every page, beginning
at the page where you insert the
watermark code and continuing
until you turn off the watermark.
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3. If this is a new watermark, and the first one you’ve created in this document,
choose Watermark A and click Create. Otherwise, choose another option,
such as editing an existing watermark, or creating a second watermark
(Watermark B). WordPerfect displays a blank, full page where you create or
edit the watermark graphic (see Figure 12.24).
Insert Image Insert a Text File
Insert Clipart
Close and return to WordPerfect
FIGURE 12.24
Watermarks are
created in a separate watermark
editing screen.
Watermark editing screen
4. You can use graphics from any source that you would use in the document
itself. For example, you can choose Insert, Graphics, Clipart (or From
5. Insert the image to place it on the Watermark screen (see Figure 12.25).
Note that the graphics box, complete with sizing handles, fills the entire page. You
can size and position the graphic image just as you do any other graphic image,
using the mouse and the sizing handles.
The image itself is shaded lightly so as not to interfere with the text that will
appear on top of it. Normally, you won’t want to make this any darker; in fact, you
might want to make it even lighter. To change the brightness or contrast of the
watermark image, either click the Image Tools button on the Graphics property
bar, or right-click the image and then choose Image Tools. WordPerfect displays an
Image Tools dialog box in which you can choose from palettes of brightness and
contrast (see Figure 12.26).
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FIGURE 12.25
You manipulate
a watermark
graphics box
just like any
other graphics
Image Tools button
FIGURE 12.26
You can use the
Image Tools dialog box to
change the
brightness or
contrast of a
graphic image.
Select a level of brightness
When you’re satisfied with the look of the watermark, either choose File, Close if
the watermark graphic is selected, or click the Close button on the Watermark property bar. WordPerfect switches back to the document window, where you can see
how the watermark looks behind the text (refer back to Figure 12.22).
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Inserting Shapes
Are you ready to become your own artist? Okay, maybe not, but at least you can
create your own graphic shapes—such as boxes, circles, stars, arrows, or even smiley
faces—and insert them into your documents.
There are several ways to access the graphic shape tools, but perhaps the easiest is to click the drop-down menu on the Draw Combined Shapes button on the
toolbar. WordPerfect then displays a palette of choices (see Figure 12.27), which
include several line styles, closed objects, and callout styles. By default, this button
shows a diagonal line, but after you insert a shape, the picture on the button
changes to the shape you inserted in your document.
Multisegment curved line
Multisegment line
Single segment line
Freeform line
Single segment arrow
Multisegment arrow
FIGURE 12.27
Commonly used
graphic shape
types are
included on the
Draw Combined
Shapes button
on the toolbar.
Callout objects
Closed objects
You can also get to shapes by choosing Insert, Shapes and selecting from the Draw
Object Shapes dialog box, which gives you a more extensive selection of predefined
shapes. Simply select one of the shape categories, and then select from the palette
that appears (see Figure 12.28). For now, let’s focus on the Draw Combined Shapes
button. What you learn here will work with all the other shapes as well.
FIGURE 12.28
A more extensive
arrangement of
shapes is available from the
Draw Object
Shapes dialog
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WordPerfect’s graphic shape types fall into three basic categories (refer to Figure
12.27 for examples). Although each has similar characteristics, you create, edit, and
manipulate each slightly differently:
■ Lines—Each of the line types has a beginning and end, and you can add
arrow heads or tails to them.
■ Closed shapes—These include boxes, circles, action buttons, and specialty
■ Callout shapes—These are similar to closed shapes, but you can type text
in them to make it easier to create callouts, which are like speech or thought
bubbles found in cartoons.
Adding Line Shapes
Suppose that you want to draw a line that connects a graphic image to some text in
your document. You can use the line shape to quickly draw a horizontal or vertical
line in your documents.
To draw a line shape
1. Click the drop-down menu on the Draw Combined Shapes button and
click the line style you want to use from the palette (refer to Figure 12.27).
WordPerfect displays the icon for that style on the button, and the button
appears to be selected.
2. Move the mouse pointer to the text area and note that it becomes a crosshair
3. Position the pointer where you want the line to begin.
4. Click and drag to the opposite end of the line.
5. To complete a line, either release the mouse button or double-click where you
want the line to end.
■ If you’re creating a single-segment line, follow steps 1 through 4 above,
then release the mouse button to add the line on top of your text.
■ If you’re creating a multi-segment line, click once to start the line, click
again to change directions, and double-click to complete the line.
■ Freeform drawing works just like drawing with a pencil. Click and drag
to draw, and release the mouse button to complete the line.
After you complete your line shape, note that WordPerfect places the shape in a
graphics box, complete with sizing handles (see Figure 12.29). The shape also covers
any text or other objects that lie beneath it. You can adjust the size of the box or
move the box as needed.
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Outline Color (line color)
Line Width
Arrow Start
Arrow End
Line Pattern
Graphics Shape Editing property bar
FIGURE 12.29
Use graphic
shapes, such as
lines, to add clarity to your document.
New line shape
With the shape selected, WordPerfect adds the graphics line editing tools to the
Graphics property bar (refer to Figure 12.29). These tools enable you to add arrow
heads or tails; add shadows; or change line width, pattern, or colors.
Adding Closed Object Shapes
The line ends of closed object shapes come together, as in a circle, so the inside area
is closed. These objects have thin single lines and are filled with an aquamarine-like
green color. (Doesn’t everyone like ocean colors?)
Let’s use a five-point star as an example for creating a closed object shape:
1. Click the drop-down palette on the Draw Combined Shapes button to display
the list of available shapes (refer to Figure 12.27).
2. Click a closed object, such as the five-point star. WordPerfect displays the star
on the button, and the pointer turns into crosshairs.
3. Position the mouse pointer at one corner of the area you intend to fill with
the shape (for example, the upper-left corner).
4. Click and drag the crosshair pointer to the opposite corner (for example, the
lower-right corner). Continue holding down the mouse button while you
move the pointer, until you have exactly the right size and proportions. If you
accidentally release the mouse button, click Undo and try again.
5. Release the mouse button to place the object on the document (see
Figure 12.30).
If the object has one or more glyphs—small pink-colored diamond handles—you can
manipulate the shape or the perspective of the shape. For example, on the five-point
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star, you can drag the glyph toward the center of the object to create a skinny
starfish look, or drag it away from the center to create a sheriff’s fat star look.
Whenever you see such a glyph, experiment with it to see what happens when you
drag it.
New shape
editing buttons
FIGURE 12.30
Closed objects
and callout
shapes are filled
with color. Note
the glyph,
which is used to
change the style
of a graphic
Sizing handle
With the closed object shape selected, WordPerfect modifies the graphics shape editing tools on the property bar (refer to Figure 12.29). The buttons on this toolbar are
the same as those used for lines, except that the Fill Style, Foreground Color, and
Background Color buttons replace the Arrow Start and End buttons.
When a closed shape is selected, and the Fill palette is displayed, hovering the
pointer over the colors will give a RealTime Preview of how the shape will look with
that fill applied.
Adding Callout Shapes
You might not even know that the “speech bubble” you often see in cartoons is also
called a callout. Callouts are similar to closed object shapes and are created in the
same way. However, WordPerfect also creates a text box inside the closed shape,
where you can type text to go along with the callout. Figure 12.31 shows a callout
with text and a white fill background.
To fill in the callout text, simply type text in the box just as you would in any text
box. Make sure that you select the text box first, and then click again to select the
text. By default, such text is centered both horizontally and vertically, but you can
change the text just as you would any other text in your document.
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Text box sizing handle
FIGURE 12.31
A callout is a
closed object
shape with a
text box.
Glyph to move callout pointer
You might want to resize the box or change its fill
color. You can also drag the glyph at the end of the
callout pointer to make it point where you want.
Layering Graphics
You might have already noticed that after you
draw several images and move them around, a
graphic image ends up covering another one. This
can be an advantage. For example, you could layer
a text box and an arrow on top of a scanned
photo. Other images or filled shapes, however, are
opaque and might cover up something you want
the reader to see.
Think of your document as a flat table, and each
time you create a graphic image, you lay it down
on the table. Sometimes, however, you want to
change the order of the objects you have laid down.
Callouts are a little different from other shapes in
how you select and delete them.
In order to select and delete a callout, you must click the pointer,
not the text in the callout, to
select it. If you click the text, you’ll
end up deleting the text, not the
For example, you created an arrow and then later decided to add a box that you
want to appear behind it. Because it was created first, the arrow is at the bottom of
the pile. Fortunately, it’s simple to change the order of a graphic element.
To change the order of an object
1. Select the item by clicking it.
2. Click the Graphics button on the Graphics property bar to display a menu
of options.
3. Choose the option you need that will send the object all the way to the back,
send it back just one level, bring it all the way to the front, or bring it forward
just one level.
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You can also click the Object(s) Forward One and Object(s) Back One
buttons on the Graphics property bar.
By changing the order of objects and layering them on top of each other, you can
creatively present ideas and concepts that would never be possible with words alone
(see Figure 12.32).
Object(s) forward one
Object(s) back one
FIGURE 12.32
You can layer
graphics objects
and change
their order to
more clearly
illustrate your
The Absolute Minimum
In this chapter, you learned that a well-chosen picture could be worth a thousand
words. Graphic elements come in various forms and are easy to add to a
WordPerfect document.
■ Right away you discovered how easy it is to add graphic lines that don’t get
messed up when you change fonts or margins.
■ You used clip art and other images to spice up your document, and you
learned how easy it is to resize graphic images and move them exactly where
you want them.
■ Graphic images can come from many sources: WordPerfect’s own clip art
scrapbook, your scanner, or even the Internet.
■ Text boxes are just another type of graphics box that you can position anywhere on the page, even on top of other text or graphic images.
■ You found that watermarks are cool-looking background graphics that add
class to your documents.
■ Now you know how to create your own graphic shapes, such as lines, arrows,
boxes, and even callouts, to better illustrate what you’re trying to say.
In the next chapter, you will learn how to incorporate data from other sources into
your WordPerfect documents.
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