HUAWEI X6800 Server White Paper

HUAWEI X6800 Server
White Paper
Issue
03
Date
2017-04-27
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2017. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Trademarks and Permissions
and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.
Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address:
Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China
Website:
http://e.huawei.com
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Contents
Contents
1 Overview......................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Product Positioning.........................................................................................................................................................2
1.2 Features...........................................................................................................................................................................3
2 System Design................................................................................................................................5
2.1 Architecture Design........................................................................................................................................................ 6
2.2 Heat Dissipation............................................................................................................................................................. 7
2.3 Management and Monitoring......................................................................................................................................... 7
2.4 Advantages..................................................................................................................................................................... 8
3 Hardware Description.................................................................................................................. 9
3.1 Appearance................................................................................................................................................................... 10
3.2 Components.................................................................................................................................................................. 14
3.3 Server Node.................................................................................................................................................................. 15
3.4 PCIe.............................................................................................................................................................................. 17
3.5 Fan Module...................................................................................................................................................................18
3.6 PSU............................................................................................................................................................................... 19
3.7 Backplane..................................................................................................................................................................... 22
3.8 System Management Board and Fan Switch Board..................................................................................................... 23
4 Security Management................................................................................................................. 26
4.1 Compute Node.............................................................................................................................................................. 27
4.2 MM............................................................................................................................................................................... 27
5 Management................................................................................................................................. 28
5.1 iBMC Features..............................................................................................................................................................29
5.2 HMM Features..............................................................................................................................................................30
5.3 Management Principles................................................................................................................................................ 31
5.4 Management Modes..................................................................................................................................................... 32
6 Technical Specifications.............................................................................................................35
6.1 Chassis Specifications.................................................................................................................................................. 36
6.2 Node Specifications...................................................................................................................................................... 37
6.3 Power Supply and Power..............................................................................................................................................38
6.4 Environment Specifications..........................................................................................................................................40
7 Warranty........................................................................................................................................ 43
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8 Certifications................................................................................................................................ 46
8.1 Certifications................................................................................................................................................................ 47
8.2 Protocols....................................................................................................................................................................... 48
A Acronyms and Abbreviations.................................................................................................. 50
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1 Overview
1
Overview
1.1 Product Positioning
1.2 Features
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1.1 Product Positioning
The HUAWEI X6800 high-density server (X6800 for short) is a new-generation server
designed for high-performance computing (HPC), cloud computing, Internet, and data center
applications.
The X6800 architecture is optimized for software-defined storage (SDS), big data, and
software-defined infrastructure (SDI). It is an ideal choice for large-scale server deployments.
The X6800 is oriented towards the following applications:
l
Internet and data center applications
The X6800 provides customized server solutions that offer low power consumption, easy
maintenance, and quick deployment.
l
HPC and cloud computing applications
The X6800 provides a hardware platform that features high reliability and virtualization
performance.
l
SDS and big data applications
The X6800 provides a modular architecture that features high density and flexible
configuration for the computing and storage.
Figure 1-1 shows an X6800 holding four server nodes. Figure 1-2 shows an X6800 holding
eight server nodes.
Figure 1-1 X6800 holding four server nodes
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Figure 1-2 X6800 holding eight server nodes
1.2 Features
The X6800 provides the following features:
Flexible Configuration
l
The basic 4 U architecture incorporates blade server advantages, allowing you to
configure single-slot, dual-slot, four-slot, or eight-slot server nodes.
l
The X6800 supports flexible configuration, including configuration of pure compute
nodes, configuration of GPU acceleration nodes, and mixed configuration of compute
and storage nodes.
High Computing Density
l
The X6800 provides computing density twice that of a conventional 1 U rack server and
four times that of a conventional 2 U rack server in a rack, which improves space
utilization in equipment rooms.
l
The X6800 provides twice storage density of a conventional 1 U rack server in a rack. If
each X6800 server is configured with four CPUs, a cabinet supports 480 3.5" hard disks
in full configuration.
l
A cabinet supports up to 80 single-slot server nodes, with up to 160 processors and a
maximum memory capacity of 80 TB.
Simplified Management and Easy Maintenance
l
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The X6800 uses the integrated baseboard management controller (iBMC) and Hyper
management module (HMM) to implement unified management. By incorporating
advantages of rack and blade servers, the X6800 allows nodes to be maintained from the
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1 Overview
front of the cabinet and supports both front and rear cabling. This meets deployment
requirements of traditional equipment rooms (requiring rear cabling) and new equipment
rooms (requiring front cabling) and facilitates maintenance of the cool wind area.
l
The X6800 adopts a modular design and supports hot-swappable components, greatly
increasing O&M efficiency.
Shared Architecture and High Energy Efficiency
l
The server nodes share four PSUs and five fan modules, which simplifies deployment
and increases PSU and fan module utilization.
l
The X6800 uses Huawei Dynamic Energy Management Technology (DEMT) to control
system energy consumption, which maximizes the energy efficiency.
Redundancy and Reliability
l
The X6800 uses a passive backplane to protect the system from single point of failures
(SPOFs), delivering higher reliability and security than an active backplane.
l
The X6800 supports redundant fan modules and PSUs and RAID configuration,
preventing data loss and service interruption.
l
The X6800 uses carrier-class components and manufacturing processes to provide higher
stability and longer lifecycle.
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2 System Design
2
System Design
2.1 Architecture Design
2.2 Heat Dissipation
2.3 Management and Monitoring
2.4 Advantages
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2 System Design
2.1 Architecture Design
The X6800 uses the new-generation Huawei-proprietary system architecture. The architecture
design has the following features:
l
The 4 U chassis can hold different models of server nodes.
l
All server nodes in an X6800 share the PSUs in 1 + 1 or 2 + 2 redundancy.
l
All fan modules in an X6800 share the fan modules in N + 1 redundancy.
l
The X6800 supports network controller sideband interface (NC-SI) and provides service
and management ports from the front and service ports from the rear of the server.
Figure 2-1 shows the X6800 system architecture.
Figure 2-1 X6800 system architecture
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2.2 Heat Dissipation
l
The system draws in air from the front of the chassis, delivers the cool air to the server
nodes, hard disks, processors, dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs), backplane, and
fan modules, and then discharges warm air through the rear of the chassis.
l
Two PSUs are installed in each side of the server chassis. Separated ventilation channels
are reserved to deliver the return air from the PSU fans for cooling.
l
The system fans implement cooling of the management boards and I/O boards on the fan
modules.
l
The high-pressure counter-rotating fans offer 10% higher air volume than common fans.
The refined air channels implement concentrated cooling of heat-sensitive devices. The
optimal distribution of temperature sensors covers all areas of high heat concentration
(server hotspots), facilitating accurate fan speed adjustment. The cellular design on the
panel offers a porosity of 66%, which is 10% higher than that of square holes. The fans
use the PID algorithm to adjust the fan speed smoothly and efficiently. All these heat
dissipation designs ensure long-term stable running of the server at 40ºC.
Figure 2-2 shows the X6800 ventilation channels.
Figure 2-2 Ventilation channels
2.3 Management and Monitoring
l
The iBMC and HMM implement management and monitoring of the X6800. The iBMC
on each node implements node management through the Intelligent Platform
Management Interface (IPMI), KVM, or virtual DVD-ROM drive. The HMM
implements chassis management, which includes fan management, PSU management,
and chassis asset management.
l
The HMM and iBMC implement aggregation management through LAN switches
(LSWs). The LSWs provide external GE port, through which users can access the HMM
and iBMC to manage the chassis and server nodes.
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l
2 System Design
The HMM works with the fan switch boards to implements fan management. The fan
switch board provides five independent pulse-width modulation (PWM) control signals
to control the fan speed and ten tachometer (TACH) signals to detect the fan speed.
Based on the ambient temperature and temperature of the temperature-sensitive
components on the boards, the HMM uses Huawei speed adjustment algorithms to
determine a proper rotation speed, and then sends it to the fan switch board. The fan
switch board receives fan speed signals from the fan modules and reports the fan module
status to the HMM.
l
PSU monitoring and management: The HMM provides one inter-integrated circuit (I2C)
for managing the PSUs and general purpose input/output (GPIO) pins for detecting the
PSU installation status and PwrOk state. The HMM supports queries on PSU output
power, PSU installation status, and PSU alarms.
Figure 2-3 shows the X6800 management and monitoring design.
Figure 2-3 X6800 monitoring and management design
2.4 Advantages
l
The X6800 uses Huawei proprietary system architecture with front maintenance and
front and rear access cabling, providing easy maintenance of the cool wind area.
l
The X6800 provides eight slots for installing 4U4 and 4U8 server nodes. This unified
architecture allows flexible configuration of computing and storage resources and easy
upgrades and maintenance.
l
The X6800 uses a modular design and supports hot-swappable server nodes, hard disks,
PSUs, fan module, and I/O module, which increases maintenance efficiency.
l
The X6800 uses the iBMC and HMM to implement management. The iBMC manages
server nodes, and the MMC manages the fan modules, PSUs, and chassis.
l
All server nodes share the PSUs and heat dissipation, improving PSU conversion
efficiency and reducing system power consumption.
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3
Hardware Description
3.1 Appearance
3.2 Components
3.3 Server Node
3.4 PCIe
3.5 Fan Module
3.6 PSU
3.7 Backplane
3.8 System Management Board and Fan Switch Board
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3.1 Appearance
The X6800 is 4U (176.0 mm or 7.0 in.) high. It uses a modular design to separate its chassis
from the server nodes. The X6800 can hold server nodes of different widths and types.
Figure 3-1 shows an X6800 holding four server nodes. Figure 3-2 shows an X6800 holding
eight server nodes.
Figure 3-1 X6800 holding four server nodes
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Figure 3-2 X6800 holding 8 server nodes
Front View
Figure 3-3 shows the front view of an X6800 that houses four XH628 V3 server nodes.
Figure 3-3 Front view of an X6800 (with 8 server nodes)
1.
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Server node slot 1
2
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Server node slot 2
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3
Server node slot 3
4
Server node slot 4
5
Server node slot 5
6
Server node slot 6
7
Server node slot 7
8
Server node slot 8
9
Link indicator for the converged
management port
10
Converged management port
11
Activity indicator for the
converged management port
12
UID indicator
13
Operating status indicator
14
Product label for the server node
15
Product label for the entire shelf
Figure 3-4 shows the front view of an X6800 that houses four XH628 V3 server nodes.
Figure 3-4 Front view of an X6800 (with 4 server nodes)
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1
Server node slot 1
2
Server node slot 2
3
Server node slot 3
4
Server node slot 4
5
Converged management network
port link indicator
6
Converged management network
port
7
Converged management network
port activity indicator
8
UID indicator
9
Operating status indicator
-
-
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Table 3-1 describes the indicators on the panel.
Table 3-1 Indicators on the panel
Item
Operating status
indicator
Color
State
Description
Red
Blinking at
1 Hz
A major alarm has been generated.
Blinking at
5 Hz
A critical alarm has been generated.
Off
No power is supplied, or the PSU is
abnormal.
Steady on
The PSU is operating properly.
Off
The chassis is not located.
Steady on
The chassis is being located.
Off
The network cable is not connected to the
management network port.
Blinking
The network cable is connected to the
management network port.
Off
No data is being transmitted.
Steady on
Data is being transmitted.
Green
UID indicator
Blue
Management
network port link
indicator
Green
Management
network port
activity indicator
Orange
Rear View of the X6800
The X6800 chassis houses five fan modules, four PSUs, eight PCIe slots, and two
management modules (MMs). Figure 3-5 shows the rear view of an X6800 holding four
server nodes.
Figure 3-5 Rear view of an X6800 (with 4 server nodes)
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1
PSU 1
2
PSU 2
3
MM 1
4
PCIe slot 8
5
PCIe slot 7
6
PCIe slot 6
7
PCIe slot 5
8
PCIe slot 4
9
PCIe slot 3
10
PCIe slot 2
11
PCIe slot 1
12
MM 2 (reserved)
13
PSU 3
14
PSU 4
15
Fan module 5
16
I/O module 1
17
Fan module 4
18
I/O module 2
19
I/O module 3
20
Fan module 3
21
I/O module 4
22
Fan module 2
23
Fan module 1
-
-
3.2 Components
Figure 3-6 describes the system components of the X6800.
Figure 3-6 X6800 components
Table 3-2 describes the X6800 components.
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Table 3-2 X6800 component description
No.
Item
Description
1
Server node
The X6800 supports dual-slot server nodes XH622 V3 and
XH628 V3 and single-slot server nodes XH620 V3.
2
Chassis
The X6800 is 4U (176.0 mm or 7.0 in.) high. It provides four
dual-width slots in the front, and four PSU slots, five fan module
slots, two MM slots, and eight PCIe slots in the rear.
3
I/O module
An X6800 provides up to eight standard PCIe x8 slots for eight
half-height half-length PCIe cards or SSD cards, providing more
external ports or high-performance storage for each server node.
4
PSU
An X6800 can hold four AC or DC (including high-voltage DC)
PSUs.
5
MM
The MMs are hot-swappable and support aggregation
management.
6
Fan module
An X6800 can hold five how-swappable fan modules in N + 1
redundancy.
3.3 Server Node
The X6800 can be flexibly configured with different types of server nodes. You can choose
server nodes based on service requirements.
Figure 3-7 shows an XH628 V3.
Figure 3-7 XH628 V3 appearance
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Figure 3-8 shows an XH622 V3.
Figure 3-8 XH622 V3 appearance
Figure 3-9 shows an XH620 V3.
Figure 3-9 XH620 V3
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NOTE
An X6800 chassis can be installed with different models of server nodes or the same type of server
nodes with different specifications. If an X6800 chassis needs to be installed with different server nodes,
note the following:
The operating temperature range decreases to 5℃ to 35℃ because different server nodes have different
wind drag coefficients.
If server nodes of different widths need to be installed in an X6800 chassis, the guide rails in the chassis
must be adjusted to prevent damage to the backplane. For example, if XH620 V3 and XH628 V3 or
XH622 V3 server nodes need to be installed in an X6800 chassis, contact Huawei technical support.
3.4 PCIe
The I/O module in the rear of the X6800 chassis offers eight standard PCIe x8 slots for
installing eight half-height half-length PCIe cards, providing more external ports for each
server node.
Figure 3-10 shows the PCIe slots.
Figure 3-10 PCIe slots
Table 3-3 lists the mapping between PCIe slots and single-slot server nodes.
Table 3-3 Mapping between PCIe slots and single-slot server nodes
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PCIe Slot
Server Node
8
8
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
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Table 3-4 lists the mapping between PCIe slots and dual-slot server nodes.
Table 3-4 Mapping between PCIe slots and dual-slot server nodes
PCIe Slot
Server Node Slot
8
7
7
7
6
5
5
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
Table 3-5 provides technical specifications of the PCIe slots.
Table 3-5 Technical specifications of PCIe slots
Item
Specifications
Remarks
Dimensions (H x L)
68.90 mm x 167.65 mm
(2.71 in. x 6.60 in.)
Half-height, half-length
Maximum power
consumption
25 W
Single slot
For details about the standard PCIe cards, see the Server Product Compatibility List.
3.5 Fan Module
The X6800 implements forced cooling by drawing in air from the front of the chassis and
discharging air through the rear of the chassis. The MM controls the fan speed based on the
server node operating status. The X6800 houses five pairs of counter-rotating fans. The heat
dissipation is not affected if a single fan is faulty.
Figure 3-11 shows the installation positions of fan modules in an X6800.
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Figure 3-11 Installation positions of fan modules
Table 3-6 describes the indicators on a fan module.
Table 3-6 Description of the indicators on a fan module
Name
Color
State
Description
Fan module
operating status
indicator
Red and green
Red
The fan module is
faulty.
Green
The fan module is
operating properly.
3.6 PSU
The X6800 uses four AC or DC PSUs.
The input voltage range of the PSUs on the X6800 is as follows:
l
AC PSUs: 100 V to 240 V AC (input frequency: 50 Hz or 60 Hz)
l
DC PSUs: –48 V to –60 V DC
l
380 V HV DC PSUs: 260 V to 400 V DC
l
240 V HV DC PSUs: 192 V DC to 288 V DC
The output voltage of the PSUs is 12 V DC.
Figure 3-12 shows an AC PSU.
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Figure 3-12 AC PSU
The AC PSU panel has a latch, an AC power socket, and an operating status indicator, as
shown in Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-13 AC PSU panel 1.
1.
Handle
2
Operating status
indicator
3
AC power input
socket
4
Latch
Table 3-7 describes the PSU operating status indicator on the AC PSU panel.
Table 3-7 Operating status indicator on the AC PSU
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Name
Color
Status
Description
Operating status
indicator
Green
Off
No power is supplied, or the PSU is
abnormal.
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Name
Color
Status
Description
Steady
green
The PSU is operating properly.
Figure 3-14 shows a DC PSU.
NOTE
l A 240 V HV DC PSU has the same appearance as an AC PSU.
l A 380 V HV DC PSU has similar appearance to an AC PSU except that the power socket differs.
Figure 3-14 DC PSU
The DC PSU panel has a latch, a DC power socket, and an operating status indicator, as
shown in Figure 3-15.
Figure 3-15 DC PSU panel
1.
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Handle
2
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indicator
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3
Ground cable
4
RTN(+)
5
NEG(-)
6
Latch
Table 3-8 describes the PSU operating status indicator on the DC PSU panel.
Table 3-8 Description of the operating status indicator on the DC PSU
Name
Color
Status
Description
Operating status
indicator
Green
Off
No power is
supplied, or the PSU
is abnormal.
Steady green
The PSU is
operating properly.
Table 3-9 lists the PSUs supported by the X6800.
Table 3-9 PSUs supported by the X6800
BOM
Specifications
02310QWX
AC/DC Power Module 750W 100V-240V/9.0~4.5A OR
240V DC/5A +12V/62.5A 94.0% Platinum.
Note
2559 BTU/hr
02270113
DC/DC Power Module 824 W -38 V--75 V/26 A +12
V/65 A 93.5% Gold.
2811 BTU/hr
02130985
AC/DC Power Module 1200 W 100 V-240 V/6.6~9.3 A
OR 240 V DC/8 A +12 V/100 A 94.0% Platinum. 2731
BTU/hr(at 100 V AC); 3071 BTU/hr(at 110-120 V AC);
4094 BTU/hr(at 200-240 V AC)
02270146
DC/DC Power Module 1200 W 260-400 V/6 A +12
V/100 A 94% Platinum.
Only for china
4094 BTU/hr
NOTE
For more details, see the X6800 Compatibility List.
3.7 Backplane
The X6800 uses a passive backplane. The backplane connects server nodes to the HMM, rear
I/O transfer board, fan switch board, and PSUs, as shown in Figure 3-16.
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Figure 3-16 Backplane
3.8 System Management Board and Fan Switch Board
The X6800 uses the HMMs and fan switch board to perform out-of-band management. The
HMMs are hot-swappable and implement temperature monitoring, fan management, power
management, and node management. The fan switch board provides fan management ports
and system aggregation management functions.
Figure 3-17 shows the positions of the HMMs and fan switch board.
Figure 3-17 Positions of the system management board and fan switch board
Figure 3-18 shows the front view of the MM.
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Figure 3-18 Front view of the MM
1
Captive screw
2
Operating status
indicator
3
UID indicator
4
Active/Standby
switchover indicator
5
Handle
6
Management
network port link
indicator
7
Management
network port
8
Management
network port activity
indicator
9
Serial port
-
-
Table 3-10 describes the indicators on an MM panel.
Table 3-10 Indicators on an MM panel
Name
Operating status
indicator
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Color
Status
Description
Red
Blinking at
1 Hz
A major alarm has been generated.
Blinking at
5 Hz
A critical alarm has been generated.
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Name
UID indicator
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Color
Status
Description
Green
Off
No power is supplied, or the MM is
abnormal.
Steady on
The MM is operating properly.
Off
The chassis is not located.
On
The chassis is being located.
Off
The MM is in the standby state.
On
The MM is in the active state.
Off
The network cable is not connected to the
management network port.
Blinking
The network cable is connected to the
management network port.
Off
No data is being transmitted.
On
Data is being transmitted.
Blue
Active/Standby
switchover
indicator
Orange
Management
network port link
indicator
Green
Management
network port
activity indicator
Orange
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4 Security Management
4
Security Management
4.1 Compute Node
4.2 MM
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4 Security Management
4.1 Compute Node
Compute nodes support security solutions based on the Trusted Platform Module (TPM).
The TPM is a security chip that complies with the Trusted Computing Group (TCG) TPM
specification. The hardware-based TPM provides data encryption, password protection,
authentication, and internal resource protection. The TPM V1.2 is available.
The TPM is installed on a compute node and connects to the compute node through a port.
You can access a compute node with the TPM only after authorization, which ensures data
security based on hardware.
4.2 MM
The MM security involves hierarchical command protection, remote Secure Shell (SSH)
login, and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) encrypted authentication.
Hierarchical Command Protection
To ensure operation security, only the user who has passed the authentication can access the
MM through an Ethernet port.
The MM provides hierarchical protection for command lines. The commands are classified
into commands of the monitoring level, configuration level, and management level in
ascending order. Login users are classified into common user, operator, and administrator.
After logging in to the MM, a user can run only the commands corresponding to or lower than
the specified level.
Remote SSH Login
The MMs support Secure Shell (SSH), which provides security protection and verification
functions. SSH defends against various attacks on an insecure network. The MMs also
support Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) to provide encryption protection for file
transfer.
SNMP Encrypted Authentication
The MMs support the SNMPv3 and SNMP Trap v3 encrypted authentication functions. If the
MMs are managed by the network management site using SNMP, the user-based security
mode (USM) encryption authentication is used to ensure security of the MMs.
The MMs support MD5 or SHA SNMP V3 and SNMP Trap V3 authentication, and DES or
AES encryption. The default authentication type is MD5, which is easy to crack. You are
advised to set the authentication type to SHA.
NOTE
The MMs support SNMPv1, SNMPv2c, FTP, and Telnet protocol, which are disabled by default for
security purposes. If you need to enable SNMPv1 or SNMPv2c, contact Huawei technical support.
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5 Management
5
Management
The X6800 uses the HMM and iBMC to perform node management and out-of-band
aggregation management. The X6800 uses the HMM to perform management board hot swap,
out-of-band aggregation management, and system power consumption managements. The
X6800 uses Huawei-proprietary iBMC intelligent management system to implement remote
server management. The iBMC complies with IPMI 2.0 specifications and provides reliable
hardware monitoring and management.
5.1 iBMC Features
5.2 HMM Features
5.3 Management Principles
5.4 Management Modes
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5.1 iBMC Features
The iBMC provides the following features:
l
Keyboard, video, and mouse (KVM) and text console redirection
l
Remote virtual media
l
IPMI V2.0
l
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) V3
l
Common information model (CIM)
l
Web-based logins
l
Black box function
Table 5-1 describes the iBMC specifications.
Table 5-1 iBMC specifications
Item
Specifications
Management interface
Supports integration with any standard management system
through the following interfaces:
l IPMI V2.0
l CLI
l HTTPS
l SNMP V3
l Web
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Node fault detection
Detects faults and accurately locates faults in hardware.
Node alarm management
Supports alarm management and reports alarms in various
ways, such as the SNMP trap, SMTP, and syslog service, to
ensure uninterrupted system operation.
Integrated virtual KVM
Provides remote maintenance for troubleshooting. The
maximum resolution is 1280 x 1024.
Integrated virtual media
Virtualizes local media devices or images to media devices on
a remote server, which simplifies OS installation. The virtual
DVD-ROM drive supports a transmission rate of up to 8
MB/s.
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Item
Specifications
WebUI
Provides a visual WebUI for quick configuration and
information queries.
The following web browsers are supported:
l IE9.0/10.0/11.0
l Mozilla Firefox 26.0/39.0
l Chrome 21.0/44.0
l Safari 8.0
l JRE 1.7.0 U40
l JRE 1.8.0 U45
Fault reproduction
Reproduces faults to facilitate rapid fault diagnosis.
Screenshots and videos
Allows you to view screenshots and videos without login,
which facilitates preventive maintenance inspection (PMI).
DNS/directory service
Supports domain management and directory services, which
significantly simplifies network and configuration
management.
Dual-image backup
Starts from an image backup if the software fails.
IPv6
Supports IPv6 to ensure sufficient IP addresses.
5.2 HMM Features
The Hyper management module (HMM) supports the following specifications and features:
l
IPMI V2.0.
l
CLI-based logins.
l
Out-of-band aggregation management.
Table 5-2 describes the HMM specifications.
Table 5-2 HMM specifications
Item
Specifications
Management interface
Supports integration with any standard management system
through the following interfaces:
l IPMI V2.0
l CLI
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Hot-swap of MMs
Allows the faulty MM to be replaced without interrupting
system operating and restores the working mode of the MM in
short time.
Asset management
Provides intelligent asset management to increase efficiency.
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Item
Specifications
Intelligent power
management
Uses the power capping technology to increase deployment
density and dynamic energy saving technology to lower
operating costs.
Out-of-band aggregation
management
Integrates the out-of-band management of all server nodes in
the chassis, reduces the cabling of the management network,
and shortens maintenance time.
5.3 Management Principles
Management principles of the X6800 are as follows:
l
The Integrated Baseboard Management Controller (iBMC) and the Hyper Management
Module (HMM) implement management and monitoring of the X6800. The iBMC on
each node implements node management through the Intelligent Platform Management
Interface (IPMI), KVM, or virtual DVD-ROM drive. The HMM implements chassis
management, which includes management of fan modules, PSUs, and chassis assets.
l
The HMM and iBMC implement converged management over the LAN switch (LSM)
chip in the chassis. The LSM provides an external GE port. You can log in to the HMM
and iBMC over the external GE port to manage the chassis and server nodes.
l
The HMM works with the fan switch boards to implements fan management. The fan
switch board provides five independent pulse-width modulation (PWM) control signals
to control the fan speed and ten tachometer (TACH) signals to detect the fan speed.
Based on the ambient temperature and temperature of the temperature-sensitive
components on server blades, HMM uses Huawei speed adjustment algorithms to
determine a proper rotation speed, and then sends it to the fan switch board. The fan
switch board receives fan speed signals from the fan modules and reports the fan module
status to the HMM.
l
PSU monitoring and management: The HMM provides one inter-integrated circuit (I2C)
for managing the PSUs and general purpose input/output (GPIO) pins for detecting the
PSU installation status and PwrOk state. The HMM supports queries on PSU output
power, PSU installation status, and PSU alarms.
The following shows the X6800 management plane.
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5 Management
Figure 5-1 X6800 management plane
5.4 Management Modes
Access Modes
The X6800 server nodes and Hyper Management Module (HMM) are configured with
independent IP addresses. You can access the Intelligent Baseboard Management Controller
(iBMC) of a server node or the HMM to manage the X6800.
l
l
On a server node, you can:
–
Directly access the iBMC through the iBMC management network port on the
server node.
–
Access the iBMC through a service network port on a network interface card (NIC)
over a network controller sideband interface (NC-SI).
–
Access the HMM in transparent transmission mode through the iBMC management
network port. For details, see Configuring Transparent Transmission.
Through the converged management network port on the chassis mounting ear or on the
HMM, you can:
–
Directly access the HMM.
–
Access the iBMC in converged management node. For details, see Configuring
Network Port Aggregation.
Networking
The X6800 provides flexible networking of the management network:
l
Point-to-point networking
The server nodes are directly connected to the switch outside the X6800 chassis to form an
out-of-band management network plane. You must set LAN Port Configuration to Dedicated
on the BIOS.You also can connect Data plane network and transfer management message
through NC-SI. Figure 1 shows the cable connections.
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Figure 5-2 Point-to-point networking
l
Cabling from the mounting ear for converged management
The X6800 is connected to the switch outside the X6800 chassis through a cable led out from
the front mounting ear on the X6800 chassis. The out-of-band management network
communicates with the X6800 server nodes through the LAN switch (LSW) chip in the
X6800 chassis. You need to change LAN Port Configuration (Dedicated by default) to Shared
on the BIOS. Figure 2 shows the cable connections.
Figure 5-3 Cabling from the mounting ear (converged management)
l
Cabling from the HMM for converged management
The X6800 is connected to the switch outside the X6800 chassis through a cable led out from
the converged management port on the HMM in the X6800 chassis. The out-of-band
management network communicates with the X6800 server nodes through the LSW chip in
the X6800 chassis. You need to change LAN Port Configuration (Dedicated by default) to
Shared on the BIOS. Figure 3 shows the cable connections.
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Figure 5-4 Cabling from the HMM (converged management)
NOTICE
l The active/standby switchover feature of the X6800 HMMs is not available at present.
Therefore, the X6800 comes with only one HMM.
l The converged management network port on the HMM provides an external interface for
the LSW. The HMM is different from the management module (MM) of blade servers.
The MM integrates a management plane switching chip, while the HMM only provides an
external port for the management plane switch.
l Enhancement has been made on the management network ports on the mounting ear and
on the HMM to prevent self-loop between the LSW and management switches in the
equipment room. If both of the ports are connected to the management network, the port
on the mounting ear has higher priority and the port on the HMM will be disabled by
software.
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6 Technical Specifications
6
Technical Specifications
6.1 Chassis Specifications
6.2 Node Specifications
6.3 Power Supply and Power
6.4 Environment Specifications
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6.1 Chassis Specifications
Chassis Specifications
Table 6-1 provides the X6800 technical specifications.
Table 6-1 Chassis specifications
Component
Description
Form factor
The X6800 is a 4 U-height multi-node server.
Supported nodes
l 8 single-slot nodes
l 4 dual-sot nodes
PCIe slot
The rear panel of the X6800 provides a maximum of eight PCIe x8
slots.
Management
interface
l One converged management port on the mounting ear
PSU
l Number of PSUs: 4
l One converged management port provided by each HMM
l Type of PSUs supported:
– 750 W, 1200 W, or 1500 W AC PSU
– 800 W DC (including HVDC) PSU
NOTE
l The X6800 PSUs support 1 + 1 and 2 + 2 redundancy modes. Select the
PSUs based on the X6800 configuration and the PSU redundancy
requirements.
l If the XH628 V3 is configured, the X6800 supports N+N PSU
redundancy mode. If the XH622 V3 or XH620 V3 is configured,
determine the PSU redundancy mode based on the power consumption.
Fan module
Five fan modules working in N + 1 redundancy
Dimensions (W x D
x H)
448 mm x 898 mm x 175 mm (17.64 in. x 35.35 in. x 6.89 in.)
Weight
l Net weight: 29 kg (63.95 lb)
l Fully-configured with XH628 V3: 109 kg (240.35 lb)
l Fully-configured with XH622 V3: 69 kg (152.15 lb)
l Fully-configured with XH620 V3: 77 kg (169.79 lb)
l Package weight: 6.5 kg (14.33 lb)
Cabinet requirements
The depth of an X6800 chassis is 898 mm, and therefore the cabinet depth must be no less
than 1200 mm. For details, see Figure 6-1.
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Figure 6-1 Cabinet requirements
NOTE
l The minimum cabinet depth is 1.2 m (47.2 in.).
l The minimum distance between the front mounting bar and the front cabinet door is 140 mm (5.51
in.) if cables are routed from the front of the X6800 chassis, and is 90 mm (3.54 in.) if cables are
routed form the rear of the chassis.
l Cabling option 2 is recommended because routing PDU cables from the chassis rear avoids tangling
with the server cabling.
l If cabling option 1 is used, ensure that the maximum gap between the PDU and rear door is 135 mm
(5.31 in.).
l Adjust all positioning distances to allow for cable bend radius, while always ensuring front cabling
security and unobstructed installation and use of PDU plus.
6.2 Node Specifications
Table 6-2 provides the models and specifications of the X6800 server nodes.
Table 6-2 Hardware
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Type
Model
Item
Chassis
X6800
An X6800 chassis is 4 U. It provides eight front slots,
which can hold four dual-slot server nodes or eight
single-slot server nodes.
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Type
Model
Item
Server node
XH628 V3
The XH628 V3 is a dual-slot storage node that supports:
l Up to two Intel® Xeon® E5-2600 v3 or
Intel®Xeon® E5-2600 v4 series processors
l Up to 16 DDR4 DIMMs
l Twelve 2.5" or 3.5" SAS HDDs, SATA HDDs, or
SSDs
l Two SATADOMs
l One built-in USB flash drive
l Four half-height half-length (HHHL) standard PCIe
cards (or two 2.5" SATA HDDs or SSDs and two
HHHL standard PCIe cards)
XH622 V3
The XH622 V3 is a dual-slot GPU server node that
supports:
l Up to two Intel® Xeon® E5-2600 v3 or
Intel®Xeon® E5-2600 v4 series processors
l Up to 16 DDR4 DIMMs
l Two dual-slot GPGPUs
l Two HHHL standard PCIe cards
l Four 2.5" SAS HDDs, SATA HDDs, or SSDs
l Two SATADOMs
l One built-in USB flash drive
XH620 V3
The XH620 V3 is a single-width computing server node
that supports:
l One Intel® Xeon® E5-1600 v3 series processor or
up to two Intel® Xeon® E5-2600 v3 or
Intel®Xeon® E5-2600 v4 series processors
l Up to 16 DDR4 DIMMs
l Two 2.5" SAS HDDs, SATA HDDs, or SSDs
l Two SATADOMs
l One built-in USB flash drive
l Any of the following configurations:
– Two HHHL PCIe cards
– Four 2.5" SAS HDDs, SATA HDDs, or SSDs +
one HHHL PCIe card
– Two 3.5" SATA HDDs + one HHHL PCIe card
(SATADOM cannot be installed)
6.3 Power Supply and Power
The X6800 provides four PSU slots. Table 6-3 lists the PSU and power specifications.
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Table 6-3 Power supply specifications
PSU Type
Input Voltage
Maximum Output
Power
Output
Voltage
Power Cable
750 W AC
PSU
100 V to 127 V AC
The output power of
each AC PSU is 750
W.
The X6800 supports
four PSUs in N + N
(2+2) redundancy
mode, with a
maximum output
power of 1500 W.
12.3 V DC
The AC PSU
uses 10 A
power cables
with the C13
connector.
Cold pressure
of power
cables: 4 mm2.
50 Hz/60 Hz
9A
200 V to 240 V AC
50 Hz/60 Hz
5A
192 V to 288 V DC
4A
1200 W
AC PSU
100 V to 127 V AC
50 Hz/60 Hz
9.2 A
200 V to 240 V AC
50 Hz/60 Hz
6.6 A
192 V to 288 V DC
The output power of
each AC PSU is 1200
W.
The X6800 supports
four PSUs in N + N
redundancy mode,
with a maximum
output power of 2400
W.
6A
1500 W
AC PSU
200 V to 240 V AC
50 Hz/60 Hz
8.3 A
192 V to 312 V DC
7.5 A
1200 W
380 V
HVDC
PSU
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260 V to 400 V DC
6A
The output power of
each AC PSU is 1500
W.
The X6800 supports
four PSUs in N + N
redundancy mode,
with a maximum
output power of 3000
W.
The output power of
each AC PSU is 1200
W.
The X6800 supports
four PSUs in N + N
redundancy mode,
with a maximum
output power of 2400
W.
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PSU Type
Input Voltage
Maximum Output
Power
800 W DC
PSU
38 V to 75 V DC
26 A
The output power of
each DC PSU is 800
W. The X6800
supports four PSUs in
N + N redundancy
mode, with a
maximum output
power of 1600 W.
Output
Voltage
Power Cable
NOTE
For details about PSU part numbers, see the Huawei X6800 Server Compatibility list.
6.4 Environment Specifications
Table 6-4 provides the X6800 environment specifications.
Table 6-4 X6800 environment specifications
Item
Specifications
Temperature
Operating temperature: 5°C to 40°C (41°F to 104°F)(ASHRAE Class
A3 compliant)
Non-operating temperature: -40°C to +65°C (-40°F to +149°F)
NOTE
l The X6800 supports the highest operating temperature of 35°C (95°F) if one
fan fails.
l The X6800 supports the highest operating temperature of 35℃ (95°F) if the
XH620 V3 server nodes are configured with four 2.5" HDDs.
l If the XH620 V3 server nodes use E5-16XX v3 processors, the four front 2.5"
hard disks cannot be configured and the highest operating temperature is 35°C
(95°F).
l The X6800 supports the highest operating temperature of 30°C (86°F) when
the XH622 V3 is configured with P100 GPUs.
l The operating temperature range is 5°C to 35°C (41°F to 95°F) if different
compute nodes are installed in the same chassis.
Relative
humidity (RH)
Operating humidity: 8% to 90%
Temperature
change rate
20ºC/h (36°F/h)
Altitude
Operating altitude: ≤ 3000 m (9842 ft)
Non-operating humidity: 5% to 95%
At altitudes higher than 900 m (2952.76 ft), the operating temperature
decreases by 1ºC (1.8°F) with each 300 m (984.24 ft) increase in
altitude.
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Item
Specifications
Vibration
One cyclical sweep in each axial direction at the rate of 0.1 oct/min, with
a total of three axial directions
5 Hz to 10 Hz: 5 mm (0.20 in., peak-to-peak value)
10 Hz to 100 Hz: 1 m/s2
Impact
Tested to withstand half sine wave shock pulse with peak acceleration of
2 G for 11 ms, applied 3 times to each surface from three axial directions
Noise
According to ISO7999 (ECMA 74) and ISO9296 (ECMA109), the
declared A-Weighted sound power levels (LWAd) and declared average
bystander position A-Weighted sound pressure levels at 23℃ are as
follows:
Idle:
l Declared A-weighted sound power levels (LWAd): 6.4 Bels
l Declared average bystander position A-weighted sound pressure
levels (LpAm): 50.3 dBA
Operating:
l LWAd: 7.2 Bels
l LpAm: 58.4 dBA
NOTE
The actual sound levels generated during server operating vary depending on the
server configuration, loads, and ambient temperature.
l 750 W AC Platinum PSUs:
Input voltage
100 V to 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz or 192 V to 288 V DC
l 1200 W AC Platinum PSUs:
100 V to 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz or 192 V to 288 V DC
l 1200 W 380 V HVDC PSUs
260 V to 400 V DC
l 1500 W AC Platinum PSUs:
100 V to 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz or 192 V to 288 V DC
l 800 W -48 V DC PSUs:
-36 V to -60 V DC
Rated power of
PSUs
Rated power for PSUs:
l 750 W AC
l 800 W DC
l 1200 W AC
l 1200 W DC
l 1500 W AC
Power
consumption
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The power consumption changes depending on the server configuration.
For details, see Huawei Server Power Calculator.
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7 Warranty
7
Warranty
According to the Huawei Warranty Policy for Servers & Storage Products (Warranty Policy
for short), the X6800 has a three-year warranty, the DVD-ROM drives and BBUs have a oneyear warranty, and the software media have a three-month warranty. The Warranty Policy is a
series of warranty maintenance upgrades and post-warranty maintenance agreements with a
well-defined scope of services, including service hours, response time, terms of service, and
service agreement terms and conditions.
The Warranty Policy is country-specific. The service types, service levels, response time, and
terms and conditions may vary with the countries where the product is used. Not all services
described in the Warranty Policy are provided to users in all countries. For more information
about warranty services in your country, contact Huawei technical support or your local
representative office.
Table 7-1 describes the warranty service response time.
Table 7-1 Response time
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Service
Response Time
Description
Remarks
Help Desk
24 x 7
Available 24
hours a day, 7
days a week
(00:00 to 24:00,
Monday to
Sunday)
None
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7 Warranty
Service
Response Time
Description
Remarks
Remote
troubleshooting
24 x 7
Available 24
hours a day, 7
days a week
(00:00 to 24:00,
Monday to
Sunday)
Response time
starts from the
moment the
technical
support accepts
a customer's
service request
to the time
technical
support contacts
the customer to
provide remote
trouble shooting
service.
Online
technical
support
24 x 7
Huawei support
website:
available 24
hours a day, 7
days a week
(00:00 to 24:00,
Monday to
Sunday)
None
Licensing of
software
updates
24 x 7
Huawei support
website:
available 24
hours a day, 7
days a week
(00:00 to 24:00,
Monday to
Sunday)
None
Return for
repair
Outside China
45 calendar
days shipment
(CDS), 9 hours
a day, 5 days a
week
Available 9
hours a day, 5
days a week,
excluding
official
holidays(09:00
to 18:00,
Monday to
Friday).
The repaired or
replacement
parts will be
shipped within
45 calendar
days after
Huawei
receives the
defective parts.
In China
9 x 5 x NBD
Available 9
hours a day, 5
days a week,
excluding
official
holidays(09:00
to 18:00,
Monday to
Friday).
Service requests
submitted after
15:30 will be
handled the
next workday.
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Table 7-2 describes warranty services provided by Huawei.
Table 7-2 Warranty services
Service
Description
Help Desk
Huawei provides 24-hour after-sales
technical support such as handling
customers requests for troubleshooting or
hardware replacement, responding to
customer inquiries, handling customer
complaints, and collecting suggestions using
the dedicated hotline.
Remote troubleshooting
After receiving a service request for
rectifying a network or system fault,
Huawei technical support engineers first
analyze and handle the fault remotely and
then resolve the issue as soon as possible.
There are two remote troubleshooting
methods: telephone support and remote
access.
Online technical support
The Huawei support website provides
product technical materials, such as product
manuals, configuration guides, networking
case studies, and maintenance records.
Authorized users can access the website,
download documents, get up-to-date
maintenance and skills development
information, and learn about the latest
products.
Licensing of software updates
Huawei provides patches whenever
necessary to ensure stable and reliable
equipment operation.
Return for repair
Huawei provides repair or replacement
services for customers within the promised
time to meet customer needs for spare parts.
You can return defective parts to the
designated Huawei customer service center
after submitting a service request.
For the products with a three-year warranty
used in China, Huawei provides NBD
service, 9 hours a day, 5 days a week.
For the products with a three-year warranty
used outside China, Huawei provides CDS
service, 9 hours a day, 5 days a week.
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8 Certifications
8
Certifications
8.1 Certifications
8.2 Protocols
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8 Certifications
8.1 Certifications
Table 8-1 lists the certifications passed by the X6800.
Table 8-1 X6800 certifications
Country
Regio
n
China
Europ
e
China
EU
Label
Compul
sory/
Optiona
l
X6800
XH62
8 V3
XH622
V3
XH620
V3
CCC
C
-
-
-
RoHS
C
-
-
-
CE-SDOC
C
★
★
★
RoHS
NA
C
-
-
-
REACH
NA
C
-
-
-
WEEE
C
-
-
-
Russia
GOST-R
C
-
-
-
America
FCC-SDOC
C
★
★
★
C
-
-
-
C
★
★
★
NRTLUL/MET
C
-
-
-
C-Tick
C
★
★
★
Japan
VCCI
O
★
★
★
Latin
Amer
ica
Mexico
ENERGY
LABEL
C
-
-
-
Middl
e
East,
Turkey
CE-SDOC
C
-
-
-
North
Amer
ica
Asia Pacifi
c
Warning
NRTLUL/MET
Canada
Issue 03 (2017-04-27)
Certificate
Name
Australia
IC
Warning
/New
Zealand
NA
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West
Afric
a,
North
Afric
a
Globa
l
8 Certifications
Saudi
Arabia
SASO
C
★
★
★
Nigeria
SONCAP
C
★
★
★
IECEE
members
CB
O
-
-
-
Note: For more details, see Tecal Server Certificate Map or visit http://
hi3ms.huawei.com/hi/group/8355.
8.2 Protocols
Table 8-2 lists the standards and protocols with which the X6800 complies.
Table 8-2 Standards and protocols the X6800 complies with
Issue 03 (2017-04-27)
Category
Standard/Protocol
Specifications
Standards
IEEE 802.1P
QoS
IEEE 802.1Q
VLAN
IEEE 802.1D
Bridge/Spanning Tree
IEEE 802.3
Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u
FE
IEEE 802.3x
Flow control
IEEE 802.3z
GE
IEEE 1149.1-2001
IEEE Standard Test Access Port and
Boundary-Scan Architecture
IEC 812
Procedure for Failure Mode and Effects
Analysis (FMEA)
IEC 863
Presentation of Reliability, Maintainability,
and Availability Predictions
IEC60297
Chassis compliance
IEC60950
Safety
IEC60825-1/2/6
Safety
IEC60215
Safety
IEC61000
EMC standard
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Category
Protocols
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8 Certifications
Standard/Protocol
Specifications
UL60950
Safety (North America)
EN60950
Safety (Europe)
ECMA TR/70
Environment protection
GR-929
Reliability
Telcordia SR-332
Reliability
ETS
European telecommunications standards
IP
Internet Protocol
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
TELNET
Remote terminal protocol
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
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A Acronyms and Abbreviations
A
Acronyms and Abbreviations
A
AC
Alternating Current
AES NI
Advanced Encryption Standard New Instruction Set
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
AVX
Advanced Vector Extensions
B
BBU
Backup Battery Unit
BMC
Baseboard Management Controller
C
CD
Calendar Day
CIM
Common Information Model
CLI
Command-line Interface
D
DC
Direct Current
DDR3
Double Data Rate 3
DEMT
Dynamic Energy Management Technology
DIMM
Dual In-line Memory Module
DVD
Digital Video Disc
E
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ECC
Error Checking and Correcting
ECMA
European Computer Manufacturers Association
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A Acronyms and Abbreviations
EDB
Execute Disable Bit
EN
European Efficiency
ETS
European Telecommunication Standards
F
FC
Fiber Channel
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
G
GE
Gigabit Ethernet
GPIO
General Purpose Input/Output
H
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
HMM
Hyper Management Module
HPC
High-performance Computing
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HTTPS
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure
HVDC
High Voltage Direct Current
I
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
IDC
Internet Data Center
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IGMP
Internet Group Message Protocol
iBMC
Integrated Baseboard Management Controller
IOPS
Input/Output Operations per Second
IP
Internet Protocol
IPC
Intelligent Power Capability
IPMB
Intelligent Platform Management Bus
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
K
KVM
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Keyboard Video and Mouse
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A Acronyms and Abbreviations
L
LC
Lucent Connector
LDIMM
Local Dual In-line Memory Module
LED
Light Emitting Diode
M
MAC
Media Access Control
N
NBD
Next Business Day
NC-SI
Network Controller Sideband Interface
P
PCIe
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express
PHY
Physical Layer
PMBUS
Power Management Bus
POK
Power OK
PWM
Pulse-width Modulation
Q
QPI
QuickPath Interconnect
R
RAID
Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RDIMM
Registered Dual In-line Memory Module
RJ45
Registered Jack 45
S
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SAS
Serial Attached Small Computer System Interface
SATA
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SGMII
Serial Gigabit Media Independent Interface
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SM_CLP
Server Management Command Line Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SSD
Solid-state Drive
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A Acronyms and Abbreviations
T
TACH
Tachometer signal
TBT
Turbo Boost Technology
TCG
Trusted Computing Group
TDP
Thermal Design Power
TELNET
Telecommunication Network Protocol
TET
Trusted Execution Technology
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TPM
Trusted Platform Module
U
UDIMM
Unbuffered Dual In-line Memory Module
UEFI
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
UID
Unit Identification Light
UL
Underwriter Laboratories Inc.
USB
Universal Serial Bus
V
VGA
Video Graphics Array
VRD
Voltage Regulator-Down
W
WSMAN
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Web Service Management
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