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Oliver Menken, Director Imaging
VRmagic GmbH, Mannheim
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Multiple Tasks – one platform.
How intelligent payloads are already
changing the UAV industry.
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
What is an Intelligent Payload?
+
+
Microdrone
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Intelligent Camera
e.g. Laser Scanner
Real Life Examples
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Intelligent Payload – 3D Laser Scanner
Example:
Estimation of biomass for
investigation of carbon sink
Relevant Key Values
• Distance microdrone
• Distance microdrone
ground
trees
Flight altitude: about 80 m
Margin for safety flight
Height of trees: about 40 m
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
I/Os of the Intelligent Camera
Laser Data
IMU data and
GPS data
USB flash drive or SD card
• IMU and GPS data from mdDownlink
• Laser output data
• JPEG pictures with timestamp from
camera on same storage device
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Data Fusion
Input data
• Laser output data
• IMU and GPS data from mdDownlink
• JPEG pictures from camera
Data fusion function
Time synchronized using GPS time and system time of the intelligent
camera’s embedded computer.
Data fusion of downlink data, laser data, and computed 3D data (x,y,z)
Date, time, latitude, longitude, altitude, pitch, roll, azimuth, distance and
angle by laser, (x, y, z) for each scattered point
Output file format
Text file and shape file
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
A Sneak Preview…
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Cubert Products based on
VRmagic D3
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Basic differences of spectral imaging technologies
Snapshot
Non Snapshot
b)
Filter shift:
a)
c) Line- scanner:
Multichannel:
d) Snapshot Imager
-
5-n channels
-
> 100 channels
-
3-30 channels
-
>100 channels
-
full frame capturing
-
scanning
-
full frame capturing
-
full frame capturing
-
capturing time:
secondes to
minutes
-
capturing time:
seconds-minutes
-
capturing time:
milliseconds
-
capturing time:
milliseconds
UHD 219-ide “Raccoon”*
One lens, 6 Channels, 4 Megapixel
Wavelength range
Detector
Channel width
Spectral channels
Chip size
Pixel size
Spatial resolution
SNR
370 nm-1000 nm
Silicon Sony ICX445
<20nm
6
4,86*3.6mm
3.75*3.75
4* 1296*966 Pixel²
39dB
Type
Cooling system
Digitalization
Integration time
Measure frequency
Shutter
Silicon
air-cooled
10 bit
0.1 ms up to 10 000 ms
16 Hz
Global
Dust protection
Splash guard
Environmental
conditions
Operating temperature
Storage
Data possessing
Connectors
Yes
Yes
Not condensing
0°C up to +40°C
SD Card
SmartCam
USB, Power, HDMI, GigE,
Trigger, ICAN,
* Available Aug 2015
11
UHD 137-ide “Butterfly”
16 Channels, 0.14 Megapixel
Wavelength range
Detector
Channel width
Spectral channels
Chip size
Pixel size
Spatial resolution
SNR
470 nm-630nm
Silicon CMOS
20nm
16
11,3*5,98mm
5.5*5.5
512*272 Pixel²
38dB
Type
Cooling system
Digitalization
Integration time
Measure frequency
Shutter
Dust protection
Splash guard
Environmental
conditions
Operating temperature
Storage
Data possessing
Connectors
Silicon
air-cooled
10 bit
0.1 ms up to 10 000 ms
44 Hz
Global
Yes
Yes
Not condensing
0°C up to +40°C
SD Card
SmartCam
USB, Power, HDMI, GigE,
Trigger, ICAN,
* Available Aug 2015
12
UHD 137-ide “Butterfly NIR”
25 Channels, 0.11 Megapixel
Wavelength range
Detector
Channel width
Spectral channels
Chip size
Pixel size
Spatial resolution
SNR
600 nm-1000nm
Silicon CMOS
20nm
25
11,3*5,98mm
5.5*5.5
410*218 Pixel²
38dB
Type
Cooling system
Digitalization
Integration time
Measure frequency
Shutter
Dust protection
Splash guard
Environmental
conditions
Operating temperature
Storage
Data possessing
Connectors
Silicon
air-cooled
10 bit
0.1 ms up to 10 000 ms
44 Hz
Global
Yes
Yes
Not condensing
0°C up to +40°C
SD Card
SmartCam
USB, Power, HDMI, GigE,
Trigger, ICAN,
* Available Aug 2015
13
UHD 185-ide „i-fly“*
Wavelength range
Detector
Spectral resolution
Spectral sampling
Spectral sampling
(physical)
Wavelength accuracy Δλ
@ 532nm / 808nm
Spatial resolution
SNR @ 25ms
450 nm-950 nm
APTINA MT9M001
8 nm (@532 nm)
4 nm (125 channels)
1,05 nm/Pix@450 nm;
4,54 nm/Pix@650 nm;
8,13 nm/Pix@900 nm
±2,5nm / ±4,5nm
40x40 Hyperspectral +
1000*1000 Pixel Pan
58dB
Type
Cooling system
Digitalization
Integration time
Data possessing
Silicium
air-cooled
10 bit
0.1 ms up to 10 000 ms
SmartCam
Weight
Size
550 g
appr. 195 mm*67 mm*
60 mm
125 Channels, 1600 Spectra
Focal length
* upcomming
Aperture (angle)
e.g. 10 mm, 17 mm, 23
mm, 35mm
e.g. 27°, 20°, 15°, 10°
14
15
UAV Spectroscopy
16
Easy to use Software
17
Cube Pilot
18
Preprocess hyperspectral snapshot data
NDVI
( − )
+
A=800 B=700
Enhanced
NDVI
2.5( − )
 + 6 − 7.5 + 1
A=550 B=800
C=700 D=470
19
Including GPS position to akquire hyperspectral
surface map
20
Generation of orthofoto
or 3D hyperspectral ground map
21
VITO Products based on
VRmagic D3
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Compact hyperspectral imaging system
»
»
»
»
CAMERA SYSTEM
»
Hyperspectral filter
deposited on chip
» Integrated data storage
» Data downlink for
quicklook generation
Complete imaging system for small rotary or fixed wing UAS
High resolution
Low cost and easy deployable
User tailored image processing services
PROCESSING
» From raw data to calibrated
image product
» Wide variety of vegetation
index maps (NDVI, SAVI,…)
© 2015, VITO NV
APPLICATIONS
» Precision agriculture
» Environmental monitoring
» Water quality monitoring
Agricultural monitoring
© 2015, VITO NV
COmpact hyperSpectral Imaging system:
the intelligent decision support solution for agricultural applications
Interpret
raw image
Act
spectral image
index map
Data collected at
© 2015, VITO NV
Management zone map
a novel imager concept
COSI-CAM specs (@150m)
Image size
2048 x 1088
Swath
180 m
Resolution
9 cm
Spectral range
Spectral resolution
Data storage
Mass
600-900 nm
470-900 nm (in prep.)
5-10 nm (90 bands)
On-board
500 g
© 2015, VITO NV
Hyperspectral Image
» High spatial resolution (5 cm)
» Monitoring of individual plants
false color image:
red in image corresponds to a spectral band
which reflects light for leaves
© 2015, VITO NV
Vegetation Index
» Different vegetation indices as output:
NDVI, SAVI, …
» Sensitive to biophysical parameters
of the plants
» Indicate vegetation status and health
false color image:
variations in NDVI represented by color scale
© 2015, VITO NV
Action and information Map
» What is the status of the crop?
» Which action is required?
» Where is the action required?
false color image:
colors of area indicate which action is required
© 2015, VITO NV
Airinov Products based on
VRmagic D3
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
What is YOUR Intelligent Payload?
+
+
Microdrone
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
Intelligent camera
?
VRmagic Intelligent Cameras
+
Standard camera + 1 line of (individual) code
Standard camera + many lines of (individual) code
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
VRmagic Intelligent Cameras
+
Standard camera + 1 additional interface
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
VRmagic Intelligent Cameras
+
Standard camera + 1 additional feature in the future
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
VRmagic Intelligent Cameras
+
Economic Standard Modules + Flexibility
= VRmagic intelligent OEM platform
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
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© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
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© 2015 VRmagic GmbH, Germany
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