Techniques Series.
Dental Duplicating Film
X-OMAT 2 Dental Duplicating film
The following techniques are recommended for
reproducing radiographs used to accompany patient
records, as teaching aids, or in other applications where
duplicate dental radiographs are needed.
X-OMAT 2 Dental Duplicating film is intended for use in
duplicators. Your dental X-ray products dealer can provide
you with a complete list of duplicator manufacturers.
Safelighting
Proper safelighting is required in order to produce a sharp
duplicate image. Use a GBX-2 Safelight (ruby red) filter or
its equivalent in your darkroom to prevent unnecessary
fogging of the duplicating film. The safelight must contain
a 15-watt frosted bulb and be placed four feet from the
film surface.
Film Orientation
Duplicating film is a single emulsion film, meaning there is
emulsion on only one side of the film. The non-emulsion
or dark side of the film is a backing or pelloid that prevents
light from passing back through the film, eliminating
potential blur and creating a sharper image. The nonemulsion backing is a forest green color to differentiate it
from the emulsion side, which is salmon pink.
Radiographs to be duplicated must be placed in direct
contact with the emulsion or light side (salmon pink) of
the duplicating film. Individual sheets of duplicating film
are triple-notched in the upper right hand corner when the
film is viewed lengthwise and the non-emulsion side (forest
green) is facing the operator. (See Figure 2)
The same recommendations apply to viewing or
positioning lights found inside certain duplicators and
covers on daylight loaders. They MUST all be equipped
with ruby red colored lights; do not use red Christmas
lights. These will fog your film. In the case of daylight
loaders, use a ruby red filter cover. Contact your dental
dealer or manufacturer of the duplicator for
replacement parts.
Figure 2 Note the triple notch should be in the upper right corner.
NOTE: On size 2 duplicating film, the raised dot
(dimple) can be felt on the emulsion side (salmon
pink) of the film.
• Place the original radiograph on the glass or plastic top
of the duplicator (see Figure 1).
• Make sure it is oriented correctly, as for viewing.
Figure 1 Emulsion or light (salmon pink) toward the light source.
CAUTION: Amber, yellow or orange safelight filters
will cause the duplicating film to fog and should be
replaced. (See Figure 3).
• Place an unexposed sheet of duplicating film on top of
the radiograph being duplicated with the emulsion side
(salmon pink) down facing the light source (see Figure 1).
• Expose the film according to the duplicator
manufacturer’s recommendations and process.
During exposure, direct contact must be maintained
between the radiograph and the duplicating film
through the use of a duplicator.
Exposure
Unlike standard dental film, X-OMAT 2 Dental
Duplicating film is a direct positive film. Therefore,
when increased densities (darker films) are desired,
exposure times must be reduced. Conversely,
when decreased densities (lighter films) are desired,
exposure times must be increased.
1.22 metres
(4 feet)
Duplicators usually control exposure by means of
a timer which turns the light source on for a set
period of time. See manufactuers’ guidelines for
recommended exposure guidelines.
Processing
As with all film, it is essential that proper processing
be maintained with regular replenishment. When
using severely exhausted chemistry, the X-OMAT 2
Dental Duplicating film will exhibit color streaks of
pink and/or yellow:
When using fresh or properly replenished chemistry,
these colors will be automatically removed from the
film producing a sharp, clear image. This applies to
both automatic and manual processing.
Figure 3 Use only GBX-2 (ruby red) Safelight Filters. The safelight needs to
be a 1.22 meters (4 feet) from the film surface.
Availability
X-OMAT 2 Dental Duplicating film is available in the
following sizes:
Nominal Size
Per Package
REF Number
5 x 12 in.
50 sheets
121 5821
15 x 30 cm
50 sheets
149 3691
8 x 10 in
50 sheets
175 3185
30.5 X 40.5 cm
150 packets
158 6460
Basic Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out black
after processing?
Answer: The most common reason is that the duplicating
film is positioned upside-down, with the forest green nonemulsion side towards the light source. Light cannot pass
through the non-emulsion or dark side and no image can
be produced.
The correct way to position this film is to place the salmon
pink emulsion side down, towards the light source, on top
of the original film to be duplicated, so that light may pass
through the original film and to the salmon pink emulsion
side of the duplicating film (see Figure 1).
Other reasons for black films may include:
• Exposure button not pressed or not pressed with enough
force to activate the duplicator
• Battery needs to be replaced or the duplicator is not
plugged in
• Timer may not be operating
• X-ray film used instead of duplicating film
• Some duplicators have more than 1 exposing bulb –
check that both are working
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out
too dark after processing?
Answer: The most common reasons are:
• Exposure time needs to be increased
• Duplicating film may not have been exposed
• Battery may be weak
• Original radiograph may be too dark; check exposure
and processing
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out
too light after processing?
Answer: The most common reasons are:
• Exposure time needs to be decreased
• Original radiograph may be too light; check exposure
and processing
• Improper safelighting, film is being fogged
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out clear
after processing?
Answer: The most common reasons are:
• Duplicating film may have been overexposed (too
much light)
• Duplicating film may have been placed directly against
the light source. The original film must be placed against
the light source with the duplicating film on top of it
(see Figure 1).
• Duplicating film may have been exposed to daylight or
improper safelight conditions.
GBX-2 [ruby red] filters are required. Safelight filters,
viewing lights and covers for daylight loaders must all be
RUBY RED.
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out fuzzy or
blurred after processing?
Answer: The most common reasons are:
• Original films are in film mounts that do not provide
direct contact with the duplicating film; original films
should be removed from mounts.
• The cover of the duplicator may not be closed tightly or
may need foam pads replaced to provide more intimate
contact between original radiograph and duplicating
film.
Question: Why are my duplicate films coming out with
colored streaks after processing?
Answer: The chemicals are exhausted and must be
replaced. Check processing for time and temperature.
Notes
Would you like to know more?
For more information call 800.933.8031 or visit www.carestreamdental.com.
© Carestream Health, Inc. 2014. Carestream and X-OMAT are trademarks of Carestream Health.
8622 DE Intraoral Film BR 0214 CHSP-8449; Rev: 4
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