XPIN -BT X-ray Detector Operation Manual Detectors

XPIN -BT X-ray Detector Operation Manual Detectors

D e t t e c t t o r r s

XPIN

®

-BT X-ray Detector

Operation Manual

XPIN-BT

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C, Page 1

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Contents

XPIN-BT X-ray Detector .............................................................................................................................. 3

Initial Inspection ........................................................................................................................................... 3

Accessories ................................................................................................................................................... 4

Detector Handling and Operating Precautions .............................................................................................. 4

Detector Setup ............................................................................................................................................... 5

Mechanical ................................................................................................................................................ 5

Cable Connections of XPIN-BT Detector ................................................................................................. 6

Electrical ................................................................................................................................................... 6

Detector Temperature Control Operation ................................................................................................. 7

Operating the XPIN-BT Detector ................................................................................................................. 8

Technical Support ....................................................................................................................................... 10

Warranty ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

Appendix ..................................................................................................................................................... 11

Preamp Connector Pin-outs .................................................................................................................... 11

Thermistor Temperature Sensor .............................................................................................................. 12

Table 1 Temperature vs. Thermistor Voltage (Pin 1) ............................................................................ 13

Mechanical Drawing of XPIN-BT Detector ........................................................................................... 14

Mechanical Drawing of Adapter Plate .................................................................................................... 15

Mechanical Drawing of XPIN-BT and Adapter Plate ............................................................................ 16

Internal Temperature Controller Block Diagram .................................................................................... 17

External Temperature Controller Block Diagram ................................................................................... 18

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 2

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

XPIN-BT X-ray Detector

The XPIN-BT detector is a compact, low-cost Energy Dispersive X-Ray Florescence

(EDXRF) detector. The XPIN-BT combines a silicon PIN diode, a Moxtek ultra-low-noise JFET, and a high performance two-stage thermoelectric cooler (TEC) achieving great resolution and x-ray sensitivity. The XPIN preamp provides a low-noise signal output to an analog or digital pulse shaping amplifier . This detector does not require any external cooling.

The XPIN-BT package is ideal for benchtop and portable applications requiring simple mounting, automatic temperature control, and metal preamp shielding

Initial Inspection

When the XPIN-BT detector is received, it should be unpacked and inspected as soon as possible.

Inspect the detector and DuraBeryllium

®

window for any damage that may have resulted during shipping.

If the detector has been damaged, please contact Moxtek immediately (see Figure 1). A serial number for identifying each detector is located on the preamp detector case.

Detector Signal

Connector (BNC)

Detector Power

Connector

Snout

Beryllium

Window

Figure 1 XPIN-BT X-Ray Detector

Case

Mounting Hole

(x4)

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 3

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Accessories

(Ordered separately)

Mechanical Adapter Plate (see Figure 2)

Signal BNC Cable (see Figure 3)

Power Lemo Cable (see Figure 4)

Figure 2 Adapter Plate Figure 3 Signal BNC Cable Figure 4 Power Lemo Cable

Detector Handling and Operating Precautions

Care must be taken not to damage the beryllium window. Excessive shock can damage both the detector and the thermoelectric cooler. Do not drop or allow the detector to strike any surface.

CAUTION:

Moxtek detectors contain beryllium. Inhaling beryllium dust causes lung disease. Refer to the Beryllium Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

CAUTION:

The beryllium window can be easily damaged by improper treatment. Do NOT touch the beryllium window surface with anything, including a cotton swab or soft brush. Sudden impacts can damage the window.

CAUTION:

Do not remove the lid from the case. If problems occur, contact Moxtek. The warranty will be voided if the lid is removed.

CAUTION:

When supplying the detector with high voltage (HV), take precautions to avoid electric shock.

CAUTION:

Check local, state, and/or federal regulations before disposing of the detector.

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 4

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Detector Setup

Mechanical

The XPIN-BT detector is equipped with mounting holes so it can be mounted to a fixture.

Mounting the detector to a metal fixture will help keep the detector cool in ambient temperatures greater than 40°C. It may be necessary to use a fan to cool the detector if the heat sinking is not adequate. Mechanical drawings for mounting are included in the Appendix.

An optional adapter plate is available for detector use in a customer’s existing mounting block. To attach the adapter to the detector, slide the adapter under the connectors in the back of the detector, align the adapter’s two mounting screw holes with those on the detector and then secure the adapter with the two mounting screws (see Figure 5).

Figure 5 Adapter Plate Attached to Detector

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 5

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Cable Connections of XPIN-BT Detector

Refer to Figure 6

Connect one end of the power cable to the power connector of the detector, and the other end to the detector power supply.

Connect one end of the BNC cable to the signal connector of the detector, and the other end to digital pulse processor or an analog pulse shaping amplifier.

Ensure there are no ground loops between the detector, x-ray source, power supply, or other supporting electronics which could result in unwanted noise in the system.

Figure 6 Power and Signal Cable Attached

Electrical

Four voltages are required to operate the XPIN detector:

(See Appendix, Preamp Connector Pinouts)

-9V ( ± 5%) @35mA for preamplifier power (Pin 3)

+9V (

±

5%) @ 55mA for preamplifier power (Pin 4)

+170VDC for PIN Diode bias (Pin 2)

TE Cooler voltage (Pin 6,5) (See Appendix, Temperature Control Operation)

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 6

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Detector Temperature Control Operation

There are two methods of operation for controlling the detectors internal temperature. The first method is using the internal temperature controller built into the preamplifier.

This internal temperature controller is the standard configuration

. To operate the internal temperature controller 5V @ 1A is applied to the TE cooler power pin 6. Pin 5 is the return ground. When the preamplifier is configured with internal temperature controller, Pin 1 is an open collector output that can be used to determine if the detector is at temperature. When the detector is at temperature, Pin 1 is shorted to ground. When the detector is not at temperature this Pin 1 is floating.

If operating the detector with an external temperature controller, the preamplifier needs to be reconfigured. This method of temperature control is not standard. The voltage on Pin 1 becomes proportional to the temperature of the detector (see the Appendix for the Voltage to Temperature Chart).

Pin 6 is the control voltage which ranges from 0 to 3.5V at 0.56A max. Pin 5 remains the return ground for the TE cooler. Increasing the voltage on Pin 6 will cool the detector and decreasing the voltage will allow the detector to warm up.

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 7

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Operating the XPIN-BT Detector

When operating the XPIN-BT X-ray Detector, adhere to the maximum input specifications listed in the product datasheet. This document can be downloaded at our company website: www.moxtek.com

.

Attach the detector to a power supply using the power cable and attach the BNC signal cable to a digital pulse processor or to an analog pulse shaping amplifier. Turn on the power to the preamplifier and then wait until the temperature controller has stabilized to the operating temperature before collecting spectrum. The resolution of the detector is not stable until the temperature is at the operating temperature.

The standard internal temperature controller is setup to operate the detector at -35°C. When operating the detector manually you can operate the detector at any desired temperature, however it is recommended that the detector be operated colder than -25°C. Operating the detector at temperatures warmer than

-25°C will significantly reduce the resolution of the detector.

When the detector is operating, the signal out will look like a saw tooth ramp (shown in

Figure 7.) The x-ray events are contained on the slope of the ramp. The detector will rail if a reset pulse is not set to bring the ramp back to the top. This is called a Reset Event. During the Reset

Event there is no signal.

Figure 7 Ramp Signal

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Figure 8 shows a typical reset. The Reset Event is typically less then 20µS and goes from

-2V to +2V.

Figure 8 Reset Event

When the detector senses an x-ray, a step is created during the live signal area of the ramp. The height of the step corresponds to the energy of the x-ray, with larger steps meaning higher energy (see

Figure 9).

Figure 9 X-Ray Events

The Detector Ramp signal is typically connected to a pulse shaping amplifier (PSA) or digital pulse processor (DPP) which converts the steps into pulses. The output of the PSA or DPP is connected to a Multi-Channel Analyzer (MCA) where the data is stored and downloaded to a computer for analysis.

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 9

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Technical Support

For product technical support, please contact Moxtek at 801-225-0930 or at www.moxtek.com

.

Warranty

Please contact Moxtek for product warranty information (801) 225-0930. Failure to adhere to the specifications listed in the product datasheet and this operation manual may damage the detector and void the detector warranty.

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 10

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Appendix

Preamp Connector Pin-outs

Figure 10 Preamp Connector Pin-outs

Pin

Power Connector Standard

Internal Temperature Control

Description

Set

1

Ready Signal Open Collector

2

High Voltage +170 VDC

Detector Power - 9 VDC

3

4

5

6

Shield

Detector Power

Temperature GND

Temp Control Power

Detector Ground

+9 VDC

GND

+5 VDC

GND

Pin

Power Connector

External Temperature Control

Description

Set

1

Temperature Out (see Appendix)

2

3

4

5

6

Shield

High Voltage

Detector Power

Detector Power

Temperature GND

TEC Control Voltage

Detector Ground

+170 VDC

- 9 VDC

+9 VDC

GND

0 to 3.5 VDC

GND

Signal Connector (BNC)

Contact

Pin shield

Description

Detector Signal

Signal GND

Preamplifier Power connector part number:

Manufacture: Lemo

Part #: EPL.1S.306.HLN

Mating connector:

Manufacture: Lemo

Part #: FFA.1S.306.CLA57

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 11

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Thermistor Temperature Sensor

The thermistor is a temperature sensitive resistor. The output of the thermistor is buffered to create feedback voltage on Pin 1 of the power connector. Refer to Table 3 and equation below for thermistor temperature vs. Pin 1 feedback voltage.

Thermistor:

Betatherm 0.3K1CG2

Thermistor Equation:

T

=

A

+

1

B

*

LN

(

R

)

+

C

*

LN

(

R

)

3

273 .

15

Where:

T = Temperature °C

R = Thermistor

Resistance Ω

A = 0.0018590668

B = 0.0002367000

C = 0.0000007811

R is the resistance of the thermistor. The resistance of the thermistor can be calculated from the voltage on pin 1 using the following equation.

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 12

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

0.473

0.489

0.505

0.522

0.540

0.558

0.576

0.363

0.375

0.388

0.401

0.414

0.428

0.443

0.457

0.246

0.254

0.262

0.271

0.280

0.289

0.298

0.308

0.319

0.329

0.340

0.351

0.596

0.616

0.636

0.657

0.679

0.702

Volts

0.184

0.190

0.196

0.203

0.209

0.216

0.223

0.230

0.238

Table 1 Temperature vs. Thermistor Voltage (Pin 1)

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

25

24

23

22

29

28

27

26

14

13

12

11

10

9

37

36

35

34

41

40

39

38

33

32

31

30

Temp °C

50

49

48

47

46

45

44

43

42

-21

-22

-23

-24

-25

-26

-27

-13

-14

-15

-16

-17

-18

-19

-20

-28

-29

-30

-31

-32

-33

-4

-5

-6

-7

0

-1

-2

-3

-8

-9

-10

-11

-12

Temp °C

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

1.769

1.818

1.868

1.919

1.970

2.022

2.075

1.406

1.449

1.492

1.536

1.581

1.627

1.673

1.721

2.128

2.182

2.237

2.292

2.347

2.402

1.136

1.172

1.209

1.246

1.285

1.324

1.365

0.881

0.910

0.940

0.970

1.002

1.034

1.067

1.101

Volts

0.725

0.750

0.774

0.800

0.826

0.854

-63

-64

-65

-66

-67

-68

-69

-55

-56

-57

-58

-59

-60

-61

-62

-43

-44

-45

-46

-47

-48

-49

-50

-51

-52

-53

-54

-70

Temp °C

-34

-35

-36

-37

-38

-39

-40

-41

-42

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 13

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3.971

4.012

4.051

4.090

4.128

4.165

4.200

3.607

3.656

3.704

3.750

3.797

3.842

3.886

3.929

2.911

2.967

3.023

3.079

3.134

3.189

3.244

3.298

3.351

3.403

3.455

3.507

3.557

4.235

Volts

2.458

2.515

2.571

2.628

2.684

2.741

2.798

2.854

XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Mechanical Drawing of XPIN-BT Detector

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 14

Subject to technical change without notice

XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Mechanical Drawing of Adapter Plate

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 15

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Mechanical Drawing of XPIN-BT and Adapter Plate

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 16

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

Internal Temperature Controller Block Diagram

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 17

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XPIN

®

-BT X-Ray Detector

Operation Manual

External Temperature Controller Block Diagram

DET-MAN-MED00014, Rev C Page 18

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