Comprehensive SATA Test Suite Datasheet

Comprehensive SATA Test Suite
Complete End-to-End
SATA Solution
Teledyne LeCroy is the only vendor which offers a full line of Serial ATA (SATA) test solutions for compliance,
characterization, and debug. Transmitter and receiver tests are covered in one automated physical layer test
package, QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG, enabling streamlined testing. The Sierra SATA protocol analyzer can test the link
layer for protocol compliance. Teledyne LeCroy provides the right solution for every stage of SATA development.
The Right Solution for Every
Stage of Development
All SATA testing can be accomplished
Teledyne LeCroy’s test tools cover the
with a single point of procurement and
full range of test needs: industry-
Successful development of new SATA
leading oscilloscopes for physical layer
products requires a coordinated end-toend test program to cover all aspects of
the SATA design. For transmitter
testing it is essential to verify eye
diagrams, jitter, and other performance
measurements. Receiver testing plays
Furthermore, these uniquely integrated
test solutions combine test capabilities
at multiple levels and merge the results
for more accurate and meaningful
validation and debug, unique products
such as the Protocol-enabled Receiver
and Transmitter Tolerance Tester
(PeRT3), and a full line of serial data
protocol analyzers. Our test tools are
not only superb in their own test areas,
a vital role in ensuring reliable data
Experience and leader­ship in providing
but because they are well-integrated
transfer under stressed conditions.
high-speed serial data test tools make
with each other, they help engineers
Finally, no design is complete without
Teledyne LeCroy the natural choice as a
easily move test designs and results
verifying the protocol layer to ensure
test partner for SATA development.
from one Teledyne LeCroy system
functionality and compliance to SATA
Teledyne LeCroy is the only vendor
which offers a complete line of SATA
test solutions covering transmitter test
to protocol test, and every step in
between for comprehensive verification,
debug, and compliance.
to another.
Complete SATA Test Coverage
Comprehensive Verification,
Debug and Compliance
Teledyne LeCroy’s serial data analysis
oscilloscopes are equipped with
superior debugging tools which ensure
reliable data transfer. The core Serial
Data Analysis toolset provides the
SATA Test Specifications
Teledyne LeCroy SATA Test Solution
PHY - PHY General Requirements
TSG - PHY Transmit Signal Requirements
RSG - PHY Receive Signal Requirements
OOB - PHY OOB Requirements
SDA 813Zi-B Oscilloscope
PeRT3 Phoenix System
GTR - General Test Requirements
NCQ - Native Command Queuing
ASR - Asynchronous Signal Recovery
SSP - Software Settings Preservation
IPM - Interface Power Management
DOF - Digital Optional Features
Sierra M6-2 SATA Analyzer
ability to perform complete link testing
of the SATA channel, including jitter, eye
The PeRT3 integrates receiver testing
QualiPHY, Teledyne LeCroy’s automated
diagrams, noise and crosstalk analysis.
with protocol-awareness, providing the
test engine, integrates and automates
The serial data trigger options enable
ability to automate testing through
PHY, TSG, OOB, and RSG testing.
faster debug by isolating specific
active control of the product under test,
QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG permits the
portions of SATA traffic. The serial data
and to integrate diverse test results
oscilloscope to communicate directly
decode options display a SATA decode
from multiple levels. It is also able to
with the PeRT3, automating both
annotation directly on the physical layer
easily manage through protocol issues
instruments to seamlessly perform
waveform and can be synchronized
such as ALIGN symbols which can
physical layer testing. Furthermore,
with the protocol analysis software to
interrupt testing on competitive
through this communication QualiPHY
allow hardware and software engineers
is able to effortlessly perform
to coordinate on debug activities.
the calibration of the jitter and
OOB outputs.
About SATA
Developed and promoted through the
SATA Gen3, operating at 6 Gb/s,
The SATA Unified Test Document
Serial ATA International Organization
provides double the throughput of
(UTD) requires the use of Compliance
(SATA-IO), SATA is an evolutionary
SATA Gen2 while maintain backwards
Interconnect Channel (CIC) for
replacement of the Parallel ATA
compatibility, ensuring a smooth
transmitter compliance
computer bus interface. Teledyne
adoption path for all users. However,
measurements. The SDA 813Zi-B with
LeCroy is an active member of
for developers SATA Gen3 requires
the Eye Doctor™ II analysis package
SATA-IO through participation in
new design approaches, high quality
has the ability to emulate the CIC for
workshops and specification
manufacturing processes, and
both compliance measurements and
definition. Teledyne LeCroy provides
comprehensive testing and debug
to troubleshoot the root cause of
approved solutions for SATA Gen1,
procedures to achieve reliable data
compliance failure.
Gen2, and Gen3.
transfer and interoperability.
The Perfect Scope and SDA
Tools for SATA Testing
Teledyne LeCroy SDA 8 Zi-B Series of
oscilloscopes upgraded to include
SDAIII-CompleteLinQ is the perfect
instrument for performing SATA
Under Test
compliance measurements. More
importantly, these tools are especially
designed for debugging compliance
failures, allowing engineers to
serial data problems.
Transmitter Compliance
When you add QualiPHY SATA (QPHY-
Decode Annotation and
Protocol Analyzer Software
Complete Link Testing
SATA-TSG-RSG) to the SDA 8 Zi-B
The SATA decode option provides link
SDAIII-CompleteLinQ includes multi-
oscilloscope, you have the ideal SATA
layer decode information annotated on
lane serial data, eye, jitter, noise and
Compliance Test Instrument.
the SATA Gen1, 2, or 3 physical layer
quickly find the root cause of
crosstalk analysis, and integrates the
Eye Doctor™ II toolkit for equalization
and channel/fixture de-embedding
and emulation.
14.1 Gb/s 80-bit NRZ and
8b/10b Serial Data Trigger
Up to 14.1 Gb/s true hardware NRZ
serial data pattern, symbol, and
primitive trigger (optional). The
QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG is an automated
test package for SATA compliance
testing. It provides connection
diagrams to ensure the proper setup
for the required measurements,
automates the oscilloscope for
performing these measurements, and
provides a comprehensive report of
results including screenshots.
specially-programmed hardware FPGA
is constantly monitoring for specified
events in realtime and triggering the
oscilloscope on every occurrence
found. This vastly simplifies and
speeds debug of SATA systems that
ProtoSync links physical layer
waveforms, decode annotation and table
information, and full transaction layer
protocol analysis as shown here.
rely on 8b/10b symbol encoding.
Using the PeRT3 Phoenix for Transmitter Testing
During TSG testing, the PUT is required to be in loopback mode (BIST-L)
in order to be controlled to generate the necessary transmitter test
patterns. The PeRT3 is used to put the PUT in loopback, and then any
pattern such as HFTP, MFTP, LFTP, etc, generated by the PeRT3 will be
looped back by the PUT for TSG measurements.
waveform. ProtoSync links physical
layer waveforms, decode annotation
and table information, and full
transaction layer protocol analysis.
Simply touch a decode table entry in
the oscilloscope or a packet in the
protocol analysis software and all
views are automatically synchronized
and aligned.
PeRT3 Test System
The PeRT3 is designed to test receivers
under conditions of stress by starting
with a clean signal and gradually
introducing measured levels of a
variety of different stress types into the
signal, and simultaneously monitoring
the Frame Error Rate (FER) to explore
the full performance envelope of the
receiver system.
Because the system is able to interpret
and generate protocol traffic, the
PeRT3 has the unique capability to
manage automated testing of SATA
products. For example, the PeRT3 can
initialize the PUT and command the
PUT to enter or exit loop-back mode
while testing is in progress. In addition,
the PeRT3 is capable of intelligently
managing automated testing through
events which may disrupt other test
systems, such as the addition or
deletion of ALIGN symbols by devices
in the data traffic pattern.
together as a system. Second, the user
while actively adding measured
can add read or write commands in the
amounts of stress into the signal, such
Frame and cause the drive to start
as increased jitter and noise. This
spinning while testing for jitter
allows for true native FER testing
tolerance which is a much more
where the PUT does not need to be in
stressful and realistic test scenario
any BIST mode. Instead of loopback,
than any BIST mode compliance tests.
will send SATA frames to the
PUT and wait for the PUT response in
terms of CRC, ACK or NACK. Based on
these responses, PeRT3 will determine
if the frame is successful or not and
thereby calculate FER after sending
Native Frame Error
Rate Testing
and other protocol-specific criteria
the same Frame repeatedly. There are
allows you to extend testing
into protocol areas, such as measuring
CRC errors, frame errors
several advantages in performing true
FER testing. First, the test becomes a
system level test where both the PHY
layer and the protocol layer are tested
Using a single integrated system,
the PeRT3 can replace the Arbitrary
Waveform Generator and the FER
tester that are typically used for
SATA compliance testing. This reduces
the investment and makes the test
setup much simpler. Furthermore, the
PeRT3 can also be used for compliance
testing of SAS, USB3.0, and PCI
Express 3.0.
Calibrating the Jitter Output
of the PeRT3
Receiver test specifications require
calibration of the jitter output
sources for the test instrument.
When using the PeRT3 in
conjunction with SDA 8 Zi-B
oscilloscope, this calibration is done
ISI Channel
automatically by the QPHY-SATAProduct
Under Test
TSG-RSG application.
Key Features
• Supports all PHY, TSG,
OOB, and RSG compliance
tests as described by the
• Automated physical layer
testing and calibration
• Provides full reporting
capability including Pass/
Fail indications and screenshots
• Eye Doctor™ II enables
channel emulation and
equalization which aids in
debugging SATA
compliance failures
• SDAIII allows fast eye
diagram creation and jitter
analysis on long memory
QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG testing a SATA PUT with the PeRT3 Phoenix and an SDA 813-Zi-B.
QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG and the PeRT3 Provide a Complete
End-to-End SATA Solution
QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG is an automated test solution for SATA compliance
testing to be used in conjunction with the PeRT3. By leveraging the capabilities
of both the oscilloscope and the PeRT3, QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG can
automatically perform all of the PHY, TSG, OOB, and RSG tests as described by
the SATA UTD 1.5. Furthermore, QPHY-SATA-TSG can be configured to test
Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 SATA PUTs.
The PeRT3’s unique protocol awareness
For SATA testing a test fixture is
allows for QPHY-SATA-TSG-RSG to
required to connect the PUT to the
easily connect the
to the PUT
and place the PUT into loopback. Once
TSG-RSG software and the PeRT3.
the PUT is in loopback, QPHY-SATA-
Teledyne LeCroy provides a test fixture
TSG-RSG can automatically configure
(part number TF-SATA-C) to probe the
the PUT to output the proper test
PUT via a standard SMA connector
pattern and rapidly test the PUT.
interface. This test fixture is compatible
Additionally, by using QPHY-SATA-TSG-
with Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 standards.
RSG the oscilloscope can effortlessly
Teledyne LeCroy also provides an ISI
be used to calibrate the
for both the OOB and RSG tests.
oscilloscope running the QPHY-SATA-
channel which is required for Gen1,
Gen2, and Gen3 RSG testing.
Phy General Requirements
PHY-01 – Unit Interval
PHY-02 – Frequency Long Term Accuracy
PHY-03 – SSC Frequency
PHY-04 – SSC Deviation
Phy Transmitter Signal Requirements
TSG-01 – Differential Output Voltage
TSG-02 – Rise/Fall Time (Informative)
TSG-03 – Differential Skew (Informative)
TSG-04 – AC Common Mode Voltage
TSG-05 – Rise/Fall Imbalance (Obsolete)
TSG-06 – Amplitude Imbalance (Obsolete)
TSG-09 – Gen1 TJ at Connector, fBAUD/500
TSG-10 – Gen1 DJ at Connector, fBAUD/500
TSG-11 – Gen2 TJ at Connector, fBAUD/500
TSG-12 – Gen2 DJ at Connector, fBAUD/500
TSG-13 – Gen3 Transmit Jitter
TSG-14 – Gen3 TX Maximum Differential Voltage
TSG-15 – Gen3 TX Minimum Differential Voltage
TSG-16 – Gen3 TX AC Common Mode Voltage (Obsolete)
TSG-17 (TPR_069) - Gen3 TX Emphasis
Phy OOB Requirements
OOB-01 – OOB Signal Detection Threshold
OOB-02 – UI During OOB
OOB-03 – COMINIT and COMWAKE Burst Length
OOB-04 – COMINIT Transmit Gap Length
OOB-05 – COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length
OOB-06 – COMWAKE Gap Detection Windows
OOB-07 – COMINIT Gap Detection Windows
Phy Receive Signal Requirements
RSG-01 : Gen1 (1.5 Gb/s) Receiver Jitter Tolerance Test
RSG-02 : Gen2 (3 Gb/s) Receiver Jitter Tolerance Test
RSG-03 : Gen3 (6 Gb/s) Receiver Jitter Tolerance Test
RSG-05 : Receiver Stress Test at +350ppm
RSG-06 : Receiver Stress Test With SSC (Informative)
QualiPHY is designed to reduce the time, effort, and
­specialized knowledge needed to perform compliance
testing on high-speed serial buses.
• Guides the user through each test setup
erforms each measurement in accordance with the
­relevant test procedure
ompares each measured value with the applicable
­specification limits
ully documents all results
ualiPHY helps the user perform testing the
right way—every time!
Compliance Reports contain all of the tested values,
the specific test limits and screen captures. Compliance
Reports can be created as HTML, PDF or XML.
Key Features
• Most complete jitter
decomposition, eye diagram and
analysis tools
• Up to four simultaneous eye
• Up to 4-lane measurement and
analysis capability
• Unique Reference Lane and
LaneScape Comparison Mode
• Vertical noise measurements
• Crosstalk analysis
• Single CompleteLinQ dialog
• Integration of EyeDr and
VirtualProbe functionality
enables pre-emphasis and
equalizer emulation, channel
embedding, and fixture
SDAIII Core Toolset showing eye diagram analysis, jitter breakdown, jitter spectrum and inverse
FFT, bathtub, jitter histogram, and DDj analysis.
SDAIII Core Toolset
Teledyne LeCroy provides the most
SDAIII-CompleteLinQ integrates class-
powerful toolset in the industry for jitter
leading additional capabilities into a
measurements and eye diagram/jitter
single user-friendly interface:
analysis. Rj and Dj are separated and Dj
is decomposed using one of three dualdirac algorithms. Eye diagrams
containing all acquired unit intervals are
rendered 10-100x faster than
Multi-lane measurements: See lane-tolane differences in jitter measurements,
eye diagrams, and jitter analysis on up
to four lanes simultaneously.
competitive systems. Eye diagram
EyeDoctorII: Easily configure basic de-
analysis tools, such as the extrapolated
embed/emulation scenarios, CTLE, DFE
IsoBER plot, aid insight. Multiple
and FFE equalizers, and transmitter
additional tools, such as jitter Tracks,
Histograms, and Spectrum waveforms,
speed root-cause diagnosis.
Sophisticated pattern analysis tools like
Intersymbol Interference (ISI)
measurements and plots provide
deep insight into Data Dependent Jitter
(DDj) behavior.
VirtualProbe: Configure a multi-block
model using S-parameters, and display
the signal as it would appear before or
after any block in the circuit.
Vertical Noise and Crosstalk: The
Crosstalk and CrossLinQ packages
provide vertical noise measurements
and crosstalk analysis tools for
complete aggressor/victim analysis.
Key Features
• Supports SATA 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 Gb/s
• Recognizes scrambled or
unscrambled data
• Intuitive, color-coded overlays
• Decode overlay adjusts as acquisition
length is changed
• Interactive and customizable table
• Built-in search and navigate feature
• True hardware SATA trigger
Comprehensive SATA 1.5 and 3.0 Gb/s trigger and 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 Gb/s decode simplifies debug
of embedded systems and provides protocol awareness to your oscilloscope physical layer tool.
up to 3 Gb/s
• Trigger on SATA primitives with
8b/10b trigger up to 6 Gb/s
Oscilloscopes with SATA
Protocol Analysis
Intuitive, Color-Coded Overlays
Turn the oscilloscope into a protocol
for specific portions of the SATA frame
analyzer with the SATA decode option
makes it easy to understand your serial
for Teledyne LeCroy oscilloscopes. The
data information. Unlike other solutions,
SATA decoder annotates link layer
with protocol decode information away
information on the physical layer
from the signal, our solution correlates
waveform, providing the ability to view
the waveform and the protocol decode
protocol traffic on the oscilloscope and
directly on the display. As the
verify that the link is alive and
acquisition length is expanded or
transmitting properly.
shortened, the decode overlay will
Interactive Tabular Display
Up to four different decoded signals of
A transparent overlay with color-coding
• Combine the SATA Decode with
ProtoSync for a complete picture of
physical layer, link layer, and protocol
layer views
adjust to show you just the right
amount of information.
any type may be simultaneously
Pattern Search and Navigate
displayed in a single time-interleaved
All decoders provide ability to search
table. Customize the table to show only
through a long record of decoded data
the data of interest and touch a row in
by using a variety of search criteria, or
the table to automatically zoom to it
values, or simply finding the next
and display it on the screen. The table
occurrence. Pattern Search
can be exported as a .csv file for further
automatically creates a zoom trace of
offline analysis.
the acquired waveform and displays the
selected location complete with the
transparent color-coded overlay.
Key Features
• Data Rates to 6G
• Fully Integrated,
Multifunctional System
– Analyzer
– Exerciser
– Error Injector
– Compliance Test
• Fast Lock Time
• Intelligent Triggering
• Hardware Filtering
• Raw Bit Recording
• Error Detection
• Transparent Post Processing
• Memory Segmentation
• SATA Decoding
• Logical & Chronological
Traffic Displays
• Statistical Reporting
• Expansion Port
• Cascading
• External Triggering
• Trace Memory up to 16 GB
• GbE/USB 2.0 Host Interface
The Sierra Protocol Test System is the 6th generation in the
leading line of SATA protocol test solutions from Teledyne LeCroy,
the leading manufacturer of protocol test systems. Designed
for the current evolution of SATA (6G), the new Sierra product
family sets new standards for performance while incorporating a
complete range of features in a single, economical system.
Leveraging Teledyne LeCroy’s extensive
With the flexibility to adapt to a user’s
expertise in high-speed serial data
current and future needs, the Sierra
analysis, the Sierra provides the most
System brings a new standard for
­ apture, display and analysis
accurate c
performance, capability and flexibility
of SATA data traffic at data rates up to 6
to SATA protocol test systems.
Gb/s. The Sierra product family includes
the capability for protocol analysis,
traffic generation, host and/or device
emulation, and error injection, all within
one system. The platform supports all
features, and customers can configure
specific features or add features later to
match their requirements and budget.
The Only Complete Protocol
Test System for up to 6G
The Sierra SATA Protocol Test System
combines creative industrial styling and
a performance-enhancing native PHY
with expert software features that
minimize debug and development time.
The Sierra platform integrates the
The Sierra product family offers a
best of the STX and CATC Trace
choice of two different chassis, each
software suites and adds additional
of which supports the full range of test
capabilities at both the hardware and
and analysis capabilities, including
software levels.
comprehensive protocol analysis, host
and device emulation, error injection and
Detailed Protocol Specific Support
compliance test. The Sierra M6-2
Sierra’s analysis and design suites are
is a compact, portable, and economical
developed specifically for use with the
package that supports up to two ports.
SATA protocol, and provide extensive
The Sierra M6-4 provides expansion
protocol decoding, expert error analysis,
capabilities up to four ports. Both units
and complete user support when
can be cascaded by linking up to eight
decoding and viewing the recorded
separate enclosures together to provide
traffic. This extensive protocol support,
time synchronized data capture and
combined with the different traffic
analysis across as many as 32 ports.
views, advanced trig­ger­ing, data filtering,
traffic generation, and error injection
capability, allows
engineers to rapidly become familiar with
SATA-specific issues, and quickly
understand new issues the first time they
encounter them. Every engineer becomes
a protocol expert with the support of
Sierra’s detailed expert analysis.
Innovative, Flexible, and
Compact System Design
The Sierra platform is designed for
convenience and functionality. The
compact and portable Sierra M6-2
Sierra’s intuitive trace displays include both graphical and tabular formats.
provides an economical choice when
The Sierra’s array of status indicators
Both Sierra chassis provide an expansion
a one- or two-port system is sufficient.
includes information on negotiated
port (located on the front panel of the
The larger Sierra M6-4 chassis supports
link speed, protocol error detection,
Sierra M6-4 and on the rear panel of the
up to four ports and provides all data bus
link detection, and whether OOB or
Sierra M6-2). The expansion port
ports, controls and connectors on the
protocol frames are currently being sent
supports cards providing additional
front panel, making it ideal for a lab
over the link. The LCD screen reports
capabilities, such as cascading of
workbench or rack-mount environment.
which user is currently connected to
multiple units, DC power for drives under
Both systems include protective
the Sierra system, the system IP address
test, and also provides a simple means
bumpers to guard against damage
and system status. Host connectivity to
for future system enhancements. The
in busy environments, and to provide
the Sierra includes support for both
expansion card for cascading multiple
a convenient means for stacking
USB 2.0 and Gigabit Ethernet.
systems is provided as a standard
multiple systems.
feature for the Sierra M6-4.
Compliance Test to Ensure Interoperability
The Sierra system supports compliance testing to SATA standard to help insure
interoperability between your product and other products under development or
already on the market. The Teledyne LeCroy SATA Compliance Suite is approved
by the SATA-IO. By using a complete suite of SATA compliance tests, you have
the assurance of an industry-standard test method.
LED Status Matrix
Internal SATA Connectors
System Status LCD Panel
Sierra M6-2 Front Panel
Power Switch
Trigger IN/OUT
USB 2.0 and GbE Ethernet Host Connection
Product Description
Product Code
Transmitter Test
SDA 813Zi-B Oscilloscope
13 GHz, 40 GS/s, 64 Mpts/Ch Serial Data Analyzer with 15.3" WXGA Color Display,
50 Ω and 1 MΩ Input
Eye Doctor Advanced Signal Integrity Tools
QualiPHY Enabled SATA Software Option
SATA 1.5 Gb/s, 3.0 Gb/s and 6.0 Gb/s Compliance Test Fixture (Includes two 6dB attenuators)
Upgrade Bundle - Multi-Lane SDA LinQ Framework, incl. Eye, Jitter, Noise,
Crosstalk Measurements, with EyeDrII & VirtualProbe
32 GB RAM Upgrade (recommended with purchase of SDA8Zi-CompleteLinQ)
SDA 813Zi-B
SATA Decode Option
Decode Annotation and Protocol Analyzer Software Synchronization Option
Com Electrica
ce Te l
Com Protoco
ce Tel
Receiver Test
PeRT3 Hardware Platforms
Phoenix PeRT3 System – 1 Channel
PeRT3 Test Suite Options
Receiver Tolerance Test Suite
SATA Receiver Test Suite
PeRT3 Accessories
SATA ISI Channel
Low-Pass Rise Time Filter 100 ps (Qty. 2 filters needed)
Low-Pass Rise Time Filter 150 ps (Qty. 2 filters needed)
20 dB Attenuator (2 attenuators included)
Protocol Test
Sierra Hardware Platforms
Sierra M6-4 SATA Platform 4 GB Memory
Sierra M6-4 SATA Platform 8 GB Memory
Sierra M6-4 SATA Platform 16 GB Memory
SATA Analyzer Software
6G Protocol Analysis Software – 4 ports
6G Protocol Analysis Software – 2 ports
6G Protocol Analysis Software – 1 port
z Indicates required for compliance testing.
• Indicates recommended for debug.
Pair of ±1 ps Matched SMA-SMA Cables 12 Inches
Pair of ±1 ps Matched SMA-SMA Cables 18 Inches
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